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PROJECTWISE SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE Server Architecture Performance Server Modules Networking Version 1.1 – February 2013 ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 2 Version 1.0 (September 2012) Version 1.1 (February 2013) Applies to: ProjectWise V8i (SELECTseries 4) and previous versions Disclaimer: The following information contains extracts, data, application examples, installations and configurations that are believed to be accurate at the time of their publication. Bentley Professional Services is constantly updating the technical details, which are subject to revisions. Bentley Professional Services strives to present the information in an accurate manner, but does not guarantee its completeness or validity. The material provided in this guide is advisory only, and its use is completely voluntary. Bentley Professional Services makes no warranties, expressed or implied, in connection with this information. Any use or application of this information will be at the user’s sole risk and responsibility. Bentley will not be responsible for any loss, claims, or damages arising from the use or application of this information. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 3 Table of Contents Introduction to GREENBOOK ...................................................................................................................... 5 About the Author(s) ...................................................................................................................................... 6 History of ProjectWise .................................................................................................................................. 7 Server Architecture and Scaling .................................................................................................................... 9 ProjectWise Caching Servers ...................................................................................................................... 11 Virtual vs. Physical....................................................................................................................................... 12 ProjectWise in a High Latency Network ...................................................................................................... 13 ProjectWise and WAN Optimization Tools ................................................................................................. 16 Failover and Backup .................................................................................................................................... 17 Routing and Networks ................................................................................................................................ 20 The ProjectWise Database .......................................................................................................................... 22 Test and Development Environment .......................................................................................................... 24 Customizing ProjectWise ............................................................................................................................ 25 Dynamic Composition Server ...................................................................................................................... 26 Point Cloud Server ...................................................................................................................................... 28 Bentley Transmittals Service ....................................................................................................................... 29 ProjectWise and Network Security ............................................................................................................. 30 Working with Sub‐Consultants ................................................................................................................... 31 Mobile Access to ProjectWise ..................................................................................................................... 33 ProjectWise Server Module Overview ........................................................................................................ 34 ProjectWise Integration Server ............................................................................................................... 34 ProjectWise Caching Server .................................................................................................................... 34 ProjectWise Web Server ......................................................................................................................... 35 ProjectWise Web View Server ................................................................................................................ 35 ProjectWise InterPlot Server ................................................................................................................... 36 ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Server ............................................................................................. 36 ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Service .......................................................................................................... 37 ProjectWise Business Process Template for BS1192 .............................................................................. 37 ProjectWise Standards Validation Service .............................................................................................. 37 GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 4 Bentley Transmittals Service ................................................................................................................... 38 ProjectWise PDx Dynamic Review Service .............................................................................................. 38 ProjectWise Geospatial Management .................................................................................................... 39 ProjectWise Connector for ArcGIS .......................................................................................................... 39 ProjectWise Connector for Oracle .......................................................................................................... 40 Bentley Geospatial Server ....................................................................................................................... 40 Bentley Geo Web Publisher .................................................................................................................... 41 ProjectWise Gateway Service ................................................................................................................. 41 ProjectWise Indexing Service .................................................................................................................. 42 ProjectWise User Synchronization Service ............................................................................................. 42 ProjectWise Orchestration Framework Service ...................................................................................... 43 ProjectWise Automation Service ............................................................................................................ 43 ProjectWise Publishing Gateway Service ................................................................................................ 44 ProjectWise Web Services ...................................................................................................................... 44 ProjectWise Desktop Applications .............................................................................................................. 44 Bentley Navigator ................................................................................................................................... 44 ProjectWise Explorer .............................................................................................................................. 45 ProjectWise Administrator...................................................................................................................... 45 ProjectWise Web Parts ........................................................................................................................... 45 ProjectWise InterPlot Organizer ............................................................................................................. 46 ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Sync .............................................................................................................. 46 ProjectWise Explorer for the iPad ........................................................................................................... 46 Bentley Navigator Pano Review for the iPad .......................................................................................... 47 Bentley Navigator Mobile ....................................................................................................................... 47 GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 5 Introduction to GREENBOOK GreenBooks are created by Bentley Professional Services to provide “Best Practices” as they relate to utilizing software solutions for the infrastructure lifecycle. This includes not only Bentley software, but other applications that are commonly used in infrastructure projects. The guides rely upon hundreds of Bentley Professional Services colleagues around the world to document best practices that make our customers more efficient in their use of infrastructure software. GreenBooks can take on various formats from a quick TechNote, How to Guide, Instructional Manual, White Paper, to a full Book format. All GreenBooks are provided in PDF format for downloading and printing. Because these are continually being updated with new information, always check online for the latest revision. GreenBooks are often first published in a Draft state. This allows earlier access to potentially valuable information. Due to this fact, Draft documents are sometimes less polished and could contain errors that a more extensive and time consuming review process would discover. Bentley’s Be Communities is the delivery system that allows any Be Community member to download and utilize best practices in their industry. Membership in the Be Community is free. To sign up, visit http://communities.bentley.com. To find this GreenBook and others, visit Be Communities and search on GreenBook. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 6 About the Author(s) Eddie Anderson is the Global Practice Leader for ProjectWise Professional Services at Bentley. Mr. Anderson has been with Bentley Professional Services since 1994 in various roles. He has been involved with ProjectWise since 1995 when it was named TeamMate. Mr. Anderson has trained thousands of users in the use of both MicroStation and ProjectWise over the years. Currently, he oversees all ProjectWise Professional Services globally for Bentley. Follow Mr. Anderson on Twitter @ http://www.Twitter.com/EddieJAnderson GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 7 History of ProjectWise In 1995 Bentley was a $100 million dollar company that was rapidly growing, not only in revenue but also in product offerings. A year earlier, Intergraph had a major stake in Bentley and had the distribution rights to MicroStation. A dispute over royalties ensued, which put Bentley in charge of its own destiny. This suit would not be settled for several years to come, however, it did turn out heavily in favor of Bentley. Bentley now had the desire to grow with new product offerings to help its 220,000 users design and build the world’s infrastructure projects. One of the first products offered was MicroStation Field, a mobile product designed to work on a pen based tablet so remote users could view and markup drawings in the field. Released in 1994, it was ahead of its time. Teamed with the high cost of a pen based tablet at that time, it was discontinued. However, the need to collaborate on projects never went away. It was at that time the Bentley executives looked for solutions. The options included developing a server based management system, or possibly leveraging existing technology. In August of 1995 Bentley formalized a relationship with Opti inter‐Consult, signed them as a Strategic Affiliate and took on a partial ownership in the company. Opti Inter‐Consult was a small Finland based company that was founded in 1990. It was the developer of TeamMate, which was a Document Management System exclusively distributed by Bentley. Opti Inter‐Consult had a suite of products based on Document Management and Facility Management. The following year Bentley acquired the remaining shares of Opti Inter‐Consult and split the two product lines in half. The Facilities Management products went to a newly formed joint venture with Primavera named WorkPlace Systems. With George Church as its president, the newly formed company focused on the lifecycle of facility asset management. George already had several years experience with Bentley and Intergraph and was a good fit for the joint venture, which was then a strategic affiliation between both Bentley and Primavera. WorkPlace Systems developed several products including ActiveAsset Manager, ActiveAsset Planner, and ActiveAsset Inquirer. TeamMate was merged with Bentley development and MicroStation. TeamMate 96 was released in 1996. This version was focused on MicroStation support, but also handled other formats and applications such as Microsoft Office and AutoCAD. TeamMate also had metadata, file history, versions, and Query By Example to locate files. MicroStation TeamMate 96 was a Windows based document management solution that ran on Windows 3.x and the popular Windows 95 operating systems. Server side was handled by Windows NT. Hardware requirements back then included the i386 (with math co‐processor) all the way up to the Pentium. The recommended 16MB to 24MB of RAM kept TeamMate running strong. Hard drive specs were in the 200MB range. You probably remember the days. Supported Databases back then included GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 8 just about anything that could be connected with ODBC, including Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, Oracle, Informix, and Solid. The list of Databases would change over the years, including support for Sybase for a few releases. In 1998 TeamMate was rebranded to the name ‘ProjectWise’ after several other discarded names. For a while it was branded as CheckMate, until it was discovered that this was a conflict of interest. Remember, this was the 1990’s and the Internet was still not in wide use. If fact, the domain name ‘Google’ was not even registered until September of 1997. ProjectWise 3.xx was released early 2000 and over the next two years added features that included the Web Explorer Lite, which was the first web client. Document level security, DWG redlining, and the document creation wizard were also added. ProjectWise V8 started the modern era of ProjectWise. The January 2003 release included such innovations as the Preview Pane, Workspace Profiles, Components, Audit Trail, and the Distribution System. Over the next few years we saw 2004 and V8 XM Edition ProjectWise releases. These releases included Full Text Search, Thumbnails, DGN Indexing, Managed Workspaces, and SharePoint Web Parts. Late in 2008, the first V8i release of ProjectWise was introduced. It included Delta File Transfer, the Web View Server, Spatial Navigation, the Quick Search tool bar and auto login to integrated applications. Over the next several years SELECTseries releases (one through four) have included Revit and Civil3D integration, as well at Transmittals, Dynamic Composition Server, Point Cloud Streaming, and Dynamic Plotting. Today’s ProjectWise is a true 64‐bit application that scales up to thousands and thousands of users with excellent performance, especially over higher latency networks. ProjectWise has truly become the most mature Engineering Information Management System in the industry. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 9 Server Architecture and Scaling Since ProjectWise consists of several servers that need to work together, it is sometimes difficult to diagnose performance issues. ProjectWise performance diagnosis usually fits into five different categories. It is best to ensure that you have the “right size” system. Consider the following: 
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CPU File I/O Network Memory Database In general, most hardware has a three year life cycle around which you can plan a system. This means that the hardware will be sufficient enough to perform with future versions of the software applications, such as the ProjectWise Integration Server, but also work with new operating systems that may be deployed over time. In addition to the software requirements, the expected user load must be taken in consideration. Most companies that use ProjectWise will grow their usage over time. The following chart shows how one Integration Server can be scaled to handle the load for up to 2000 connected users. It would be a best practice to include a second (or more) Integration Server, in either a cluster or network load balanced set up, to allow for failover and for spreading the load. Integration Server Scaling
Per Connected Users
Processors & RAM
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
50
100
250
500
750
1000
1500
2000
Processors/Cores
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
12
GB RAM
6
6
6
8
8
8
10
12
GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 10 GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 11 ProjectWise Caching Servers The ProjectWise Caching Server has a dual purpose. The first is to store files that are managed by the ProjectWise system and the second is to cache files that are stored in remote offices. A Caching Server generally would need the same processing power as a local file server and is not processor intensive. However, the addition of a Point Cloud Service can increase the need for processing power. The Point Cloud Service is only needed on a ProjectWise Caching Server that is also the storage area for the point clouds. For medium to larger installs, it is highly recommended that a ProjectWise Caching Server be at the same location as the ProjectWise Integration Server for performance reasons. Having ProjectWise Caching Servers in a remote office is one of the largest decisions when determining the system architecture. General rules for determining if an office needs a ProjectWise Caching Server include the following: 
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10 or more users in an office that will utilize ProjectWise Five or more users in an office that work on the same projects and files Offices that have higher latency Offices with limited bandwidth Use of large files When distributed storage is desired When better performance is needed GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 12 Virtual vs. Physical In today’s times virtual seems to be the way that most IT organizations are headed, and for good reasons. More new installations of ProjectWise are now in virtual environments and this trend continues to grow. Virtual environments offer the ability to easily change disk space, RAM, and cores to allow optimization for each virtual machine running in the environment. They also offer easy snapshots that allow for rapid recovery and cloning (copies). Physical on the other hand also has its benefits. Most servers sit idle the majority of the time and are a good fit for a virtual environment, however when you have very intensive servers, then you may face performance issues. Physical servers are much better when dealing with I/O and don’t have the performance overhead of VMs. Server sprawl is another issue with VMs in which IT organizations add too many VMs to the server which can become a drag on all VMs, thus limiting resource. We are also seeing a new trend of placing the database server inside of a virtual environment; though this may not be the best practice for medium to large deployments. It does, however, offer many benefits in backup, recovery, and resource scaling. Traditionally speaking a database server has been a well thought out system in which the spindles on which each portion of the server resides on is even important. This is not so easily done with virtual machines. Virtual environments usually start with hardware which contain many cores and a gob of RAM, back engine software such as VMware ESX and a SAN which offer plenty of space. Microsoft offers a Windows Server Data Center License which can be used on many virtual machines without additional cost. Each virtual machine is allocated cores, RAM, and disk space. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 13 ProjectWise in a High Latency Network Effects of Latency on ProjectWise Much of the anticipated performance can be determined by the latency between clients and servers. In today's digital age, bandwidth and latency determine the speed at which you receive your data. The nice thing is that money will usually buy you more bandwidth, but when it comes to latency, that is not always the case. Latency is the measurement of the time it takes a packet of data to move back and forth. The data must go from the user interface into the kernel, out the network card, to switches, firewalls, routers, back to a network card, into the kernel, and then back through the same route. The time it takes this whole process to happen is referred to as latency. This operation may be repeated thousands of times per minute. Therefore, a high latency returns poor performance regardless of bandwidth, which determines the amount of simultaneous packets that can be sent. Bentley has developed ProjectWise to minimize the effects of latency with many latency related enhancements in ProjectWise V8i (SELECTseries 3) and even more in (SELECTseries 4). This has been accomplished by developing less chatty and chunkier transactions. The use of Caching Servers has also helped decrease the number of packets that have to be transmitted across high latency lines. In ProjectWise V8i we now have Delta File Transfer (DFT) which can significantly decrease the number of packets sent. All of these features have an effect on performance. ProjectWise now delivers PWPING (discussed later in this document) which can be used to determine the latency between hops. Bentley's Technical Support Group (TSG) wrote an excellent article on the ProjectWise Traceroute Utility. Regardless of your network, the data is limited to the maximum speed at which it transmits; the speed of light. The speed of light is a little over 186,282 miles per second. If you do the math, this means that a ping from the US to Europe will always take a minimum of 30 milliseconds as a baseline. That in itself is not a problem, but if you add other aspects and you may possibly have performance that is poorer than expected. In those situations it is best to utilize Caching Servers and DFT. The use of the fetchfiles.exe utility can also aid in pre‐populating your cache. Starting with the servers, the Database Server and the ProjectWise Integration Server should be in close proximity to each other, preferably in the same rack. Since so many transitions happen between these two servers it is important that latency be kept to a minimum, ideally <1ms. Latency of greater than 10 milliseconds could to hinder performance. The performance of the ProjectWise Explorer Client can also degrade with higher latency. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 14 Latency
Milliseconds of Latency
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
Excellent Very Good Good Performance Performance Performance
Latency
0
50
Exceptable
Some Complaints
Poor Performance
Works But Barely Usable
200
300
500
1000
100
ProjectWise Configuration The ProjectWise configuration contributes to performance issues, in particular the use of ProjectWise attributes and triggers. A reduction in the attributes and triggers can improve performance across high latency environments. Another area of improvement related to configuration is the use of Preview Panes and the configuration of Views in the user interface. Removing Preview Panes and reducing the number of attributes displayed in user Views demonstrated improvement for navigating the ProjectWise Explorer interface in testing subsequent to other test cases. WAN Latency Response and Packet Traffic Capture In networking, latency represents the amount of time it takes a packet to travel from source to destination. Together, latency and bandwidth define the speed and capacity of a network. Network latency can be identified as directly contributing to the performance of ProjectWise. Work Processes Work processes that have been implemented, particularly our use of specific commands such as UpdateDMS, are contributing to performance with respect to file open and close times and updating of title blocks. This requires a review of the functional requirements and agreed work processes so that the system can be used the most effectively. To support this, further analysis is required at a much more detailed level to understand these areas of improvement. Suggested Strategy In order to provide improvements in the performance of ProjectWise in high latency offices, it is recommended that the actions resulting from this report be undertaken with the following priorities: GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 15 
Turn off the Preview Pane in the ProjectWise Explorer Client within high latency offices. This will limit the amount of data and transactions needed by the Client during folder and file navigation. 
Limit the use of custom Views, only displaying the minimal amount of data about each file. 
Limit the use of titleblock integration with AutoCAD and MicroStation. 
Limit the amount of attributes in any Environment being used in the high latency offices. 
Utilize Caching Server(s) where possible in the high latency offices as file storage. 
Utilize Caching Server(s) where possible in the high latency offices as file caching. 
Utilize Fetchfile.exe to pre‐populate local file caching. 
Refrain from exiting MicroStation or AutoCAD when opening additional files. 
Limit the number of files in any one folder to a manageable amount. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 16 ProjectWise and WAN Optimization Tools Whether over the internet or on private networks, network speed is essential in keeping today’s distributed businesses running at their maximum potential. In order to take full advantage of the existing infrastructure, applications need to be smarter about the data they transmit and how they transmit the data from server to server, client to server, and server to client. Bentley’s solution implemented in the ProjectWise Application Server is called Delta File Transfer (DFT) and results in compression of data requests between the ProjectWise Client and ProjectWise Server. Through our testing of these technologies, using both Riverbed and Cisco WAAS, we have concluded that there is no one perfect configuration that fits all networks. In general, the following can be used as a guideline for configuration. Keep in mind that each network and optimization appliance is different and may experience different results. 
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Turn off data compression at the user level for internal users. For internal users in a high latency network, turn on data compression. This will reduce the number of transactions needed to complete a task in ProjectWise. Run the Delta File Benchmark Wizard to determine best settings for DFT. Some tests suggest that having both DFT and Optimization Appliances on is the best method; others suggest that one or the other might be best. Utilize ProjectWise Caching Servers to cache and store files local to the larger offices, or higher latency offices. There may be other factors in your decision. First, how large is your optimization appliance? When using a smaller device it may not be able to optimize (learn) much about the types of files you use and therefore not as efficient. In some cases, ignoring the ProjectWise traffic on the appliance and letting ProjectWise use its DFT may be best. Using it in that manner would allow the appliance to focus on other traffic such as email or other enterprise solutions. The next consideration is the type and size of files that are used. If you have many large files, it may be best to use DFT in conjunction with an optimization appliance. Testing DFT can be accomplished with a delivered tool. The Delta File Benchmark Wizard is a tool that will generate three files in your workstation’s temporary directory and will use those files to gauge the performance of the DFT technology. When the ProjectWise Administrator client is loaded, dftbmwiz.exe is installed into the \ProjectWise\bin folder. The application will import these documents into a test folder in the datasource, check them out, make a predefined set of changes to the file data, and then check the files back in. This gives a report on file performance for check in and check out. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 17 Failover and Backup Data backup, recovery, and failover of the ProjectWise system are critical for business continuity. Data backup of ProjectWise data consists of two parts; the source files and the database. The source files will be the files or documents stored in the defined storage areas. With the database, backup is a two step process. Create a backup of the database and then write that file to some type of backup media. All of the database management systems supported by ProjectWise have the capability to create database backups. For example, with Microsoft SQL server, one could use SQL Server Management Studio to manually create a database backup to the file system. It is also possible to create SQL scripts that can be used to initiate a database backup very quickly. In general, data backup consists of several areas of planning. These areas include: 
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Backup schedule Backup type (see following section) ProjectWise distribution Data change rate Data amount (real and projected) Level of automation How quickly does the data or ProjectWise need to be available to the user base in the event of a hardware/data failure or catastrophic event? This question would typically be answered in days, or hours, but could be minutes or seconds. The answer would be synonymous with response times once a failure occurs. Answering this question will give direction toward planning for the right policies, procedures and infrastructure needed to accomplish these metrics. This question may seem trivial at first. You may say, “I want to be back online ASAP”. That’s not clear enough. This brings us to the concept of “levels of service”. Levels of service would be a cost of effort needed for requested response time. The table below serves as an example of a high level planning approach. This example table could be used for catastrophic disaster recovery planning and design, as well as day to day file recovery from a user deletion. Of course, the cost values will be an educated guess. The real cost would come from detailed planning. It is recommended to team up with the various departments your company may have related to the network and hardware infrastructure. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 18 Service Level Response Time Cost Level 1 Seconds/Minutes $$$$$ Level 2 1 Hour $$$$ Level 3 4 Hours $$$ Level 4 1 Day $$ Level 5 2+ Days $ Differences between the different levels of service Level 1 requires redundancy and failover of vital systems. This may include the Integration Server, Database Server, Caching Server(s) and possibly the ProjectWise Web Server and ProjectWise Gateway Service. In some cases, this may be in a Cluster or Network Load Balancing. Level 2 may just require the ability to restore a copy of a VM running the ProjectWise software. If total site failure is possible, then the addition of remote redundancy is needed especially when located in an area that is susceptible to natural disaster such as earthquakes, tornados, and hurricanes. As you progress through the levels, various methods will be used to restore software, servers, and hardware. Some level may even require reloading software manually which can be very time consuming. Analysis The analysis phase, at a minimum, should consist of the following points of analysis: 
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Impact Analysis – the act of determining critical and non‐critical systems, projects or other units that pertain to the ProjectWise system and data. Threat Analysis – The act of indentifying common threats for which the business should be prepared. These could include natural disasters, hackers, power or network outages, hardware failure, and terrorism. Impact scenarios – The act of hashing out how potential threats could impact business continuity. Recovery Requirement documentation – developing the business and technical requirements to assist with implementation. Types of backups Full backup – Consists of a complete backup of a file system. This is very time consuming, and often limited to a weekly or monthly schedule. Incremental backup – The most basic form of incremental backup involves only those files that have changed since the last backup. Since changes are typically slow, incremental backup is much smaller and quicker than a full backup. For instance, following a full backup on Friday, a Monday backup will contain GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 19 only those files that changed since Friday. A Tuesday backup will contains only those files that changed since Monday, and so on. A full restoration of data will naturally be slower, since all increments must be restored. Should any one of the copies created fail, including the first (full), restoration will be incomplete. Differential backup – A cumulative backup of all changes made since the last full or normal backup, i.e., the differences since the last full backup. The advantage to this is the quicker recovery time, requiring only a full backup and the last differential backup to restore the system. The disadvantage is that for each day elapsed since the last full backup, more data needs to be backed up, especially if a significant portion of the data has changed. Synthetic backup – Creates a virtual copy of a device or filesystem. Snapshots imitate the way a file or device looked at the precise time the snapshot was taken. It is not a copy of the data, only a picture in time of how the data was organized. Snapshots can be taken according to a scheduled time and provide a consistent view of a filesystem or device for a backup and recovery program from which to work. They also allow access to files and processing to continue as normal while snapshot is taking place. Data Recovery Planning Again, third party solutions will be employed here. Most likely, the solution used to perform the data backup will be used to restore the lost data. If it is necessary to rebuild a server from the ground up, there are a few things that need to be taken into consideration: 1. Will the server name remain the same as before recovery? 2. Will ProjectWise network configuration change on the clients? When performing a full database recovery, there are a few things that need to be considered: 1. Will the database server name be the same as before? 2. Will storage area definitions in the recovered database point to valid servers and file shares? 3. Will ProjectWise ODBC connections need to be reconfigured? Failover Planning 
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Virtual Machine images Clustered ProjectWise Servers Virtual Machines and Clustered ProjectWise servers Mirrored datacenters GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 20 Routing and Networks ProjectWise uses its own routing rules. In general, the client is told to go to a ProjectWise server. If that is not the end point, then that server will tell it where the next hop is until it reaches its end point. It is a best practice to always use fully qualified domain names instead of IP Addresses. The following diagram shows some of the valid routes that ProjectWise traffic could make. All ProjectWise Explorer traffic is on TCP Port 5800 by default, but could be changed by the administrator to a different port number. Workstation
Workstation
ProjectWise
Caching Server
ProjectWise
Integration Server
Workstation
Gateway Server
ProjectWise
Integration Server
Workstation
Workstation
ProjectWise
Integration Server
ProjectWise
Caching Server
ProjectWise
Caching Server
Gateway Server
Gateway Server
ProjectWise
Integration Server
Gateway Server
ProjectWise
Integration Server
In the network control panel on the user’s side you will need to point the clients to the Gateway/Caching or Integration Server for both DNS services and datasource listings. This is telling the client it will need to get its datasource listing and routing information from the gateway server. This can also be setup as a registry key and pushed out to the client. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 21 Bentley provides pwping.exe which works much like a normal ping command, but utilizes ProjectWise routing. This tool can be used to make sure the route taken is the desired route. IPv6 is the next generation of Internet addressing. The current IPv4 system has run out of addresses. The industry has no choice but to switch to the new addressing that has been around for about 10 years, but has less than 0.5% adoption in the United States. Russia leads the charge with 0.76%. Bottom line, nobody uses it yet, even though many operating systems have supported it for years. IPv4 (the current IP address system) has 4,294,967,296 possible addresses. The new IPv6 has approximately 340,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 unique addresses. That's 340 Duodecillion addresses (look it up, might come in handy on trivia night) or about 27 Octillion addresses for every human on earth. An example of IPv6 would look like 1366:0000:0000:FF02:2AAC:FB9A:0478:3342. Certain rules apply to not displaying the leading zeros to shorten the display, but forget about the days of remembering all of the IPs for all your servers. ProjectWise V8i is IPv6 aware and has been tested against the new addressing. If you are currently considering changing to IPv6 on your ProjectWise network, please contact Bentley Professional Services for some guidelines in making this a success, as this is not automatic. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 22 The ProjectWise Database ProjectWise utilizes two databases to operate. The first is the ProjectWise database which is the main database for ProjectWise. It contains all of the metadata, security rights, checkout information, etc. for ProjectWise. The second is the Orchestration Framework database. The ProjectWise database is the main database for ProjectWise and will grow over time. This database can either be an Oracle or SQL Server database. This database must be backed up as loss of the database may result is loss of data. This database will grow over time due to added files or metadata associated with the files. This includes possible metadata, security, and audit trail information. The size of the database has many variables, but general guidelines include the following: 
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Thumbnails (28k each are stored as a blob in the database for every Office document, PDF, CAD file, and Image that is configured to extract thumbnails. Audit Trail information will consume anywhere from about 1K to 5K, depending upon the history of the file. General information including security and metadata will be another 1K to 5K. Average size is between 3K and 35K per file, based mainly on whether thumbnails have been generated for the files. This is a chart showing the average size of a database. It reflects the average size of a database with 10 million files is between 100GB and 220GB. 60,000,000
Number of Files
50,000,000
40,000,000
30,000,000
Minimum
20,000,000
Maximum
10,000,000
0
2
10
20
100
200
500 1,000
Database Size in GB
Oracle vs. SQL Server is purely a user preference. Although the majority of deployments are on SQL Server, about 25% of the deployments are on Oracle. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 23 SQL Express can be used as the main database for ProjectWise, but it has limitations which would limit the number of files that can be added to ProjectWise for performance limitations. Following is a list of limitations. These limitations would only support somewhere between 300K and one million files depending on Thumbnails, Metadata, Security Model, Audit Trail, etc. 
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Only Supports One Physical Processor 10GB Database Maximum 1GB of RAM The Orchestration Framework Database is used as a temporary file for ProjectWise. It is used to in the process of file extractions for thumbnails, full text search, file properties and other processors like distribution jobs. In general, it does not require backups as it will re‐generate the next time a job is started. The Orchestration Framework Database must be a SQL database. SQL Express is acceptable for this database. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 24 Test and Development Environment As with many enterprise systems, ProjectWise is often setup in a Development, Test, and Production environments. This can be done to test configurations and customizations without the interference of a production system. These non‐production servers are available for no perpetual licensing cost, but must be covered under Bentley’s SELECT (maintenance) or Enterprise License Subscription (ELS) programs. You must also have a production license of any server in which you want a non production license. For ELS accounts the use of non‐production licenses is deemed a benefit of the ELS agreement and SELECT fees are waived, however, the pre‐requisite that they must have production licenses prior to obtaining non‐production instances still applies. Products available for non production licensing: 
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ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Caching Server ProjectWise Web Server ProjectWise Web View Server ProjectWise Publishing Server ProjectWise Dependency Server ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Service ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Service ProjectWise InterPlot Driver Pack ProjectWise InterPlot High‐Volume Driver Pack ProjectWise InterPlot Mid‐Volume Driver Pack ProjectWise InterPlot Server GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 25 Customizing ProjectWise Current Bentley SELECT subscribers who want to develop complementary applications exclusively for in‐
house customization, integration, and use on Bentley products can opt‐in as a Bentley Developer Network member. Bentley Developer Network (BDN) membership is a benefit of Bentley SELECT and incurs no additional cost. Benefits to being a BDN SELECT member include access to: 
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Current published Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) Software Development Kits (SDKs) ‐ some available upon request Comprehensive developer support Critical technical documentation, notes, and reference material on the web Online developer sessions hosted by Bentley programmers and software executives The BDN Conference, where you will gain in‐depth, hands‐on experience, sharpen your skills, and enhance your product development knowledge The ProjectWise SDK download contains the necessary libraries, documentation and examples for organizations to customize both ProjectWise Explorer and Web Parts. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 26 Dynamic Composition Server Dynamic Composition Server (DCS) allows for server side creation of PDFs, i‐models, and raster formats to be created. It is highly recommend that Dynamic Composition Server have a dedicated machine and not share work with other applications. This is a very scalable solution, in which you can have a combination of any of the following scenarios: 
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One Dynamic Composition Server set up in the same location as the ProjectWise Integration Server. Most cost effective solution and the best solution for single data storage users. Multiple Dynamic Composition Servers set up as a farm in the same location as the ProjectWise Integration Server. Best solution for large deployments with a very high demand for rendition jobs. Distributed Dynamic Composition Server in the same location as a ProjectWise Caching Server. Best solution for users who have a very distributed storage model. This can cut down on the network traffic. Any combination of the above. The most common scenario is to have one scaled up Dynamic Composition Server in the same location as the ProjectWise Integration Server. To determine the scale of server and the number of servers needed, you will first need to determine the total number of files to be created. A daily projected number would be the best place to start, though you may have periodic large rendition jobs that also need to be accounted for. The complexity and size of files to be renditioned also will have an effect on the output performance of Dynamic Composition Server as well as versions, managed workspaces, and titleblock integration. Following is a chart with our findings in a test environment. In our testing, we used a variety of user files that would simulate real world designs and complexities. Our test jobs also ranged from 4,500 files to 181,000 files. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 27 Files Per Minute
Expected Renditions Per Minute
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To be fair, we also wanted to publish the hardware specs and configuration so you can estimate your final output. Of course, there are so many variables that these figures should only be used as an estimate. Hardware 
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DS and DCS on VPC(s) running on Dell PowerEdge T710 (2 Intel X5670 hexacore CPUs, 48 GB RAM, 4 NICs) via VMware ESXi 5.0. DS and DCS VPC(s) configured for 8 virtual cores, 16 GB RAM. No other VPCs active on VMware ESXi server. ProjectWise Integration Server running on Dell Vostro 400 (Intel E6850 dual‐core CPU, 4 GB RAM). ProjectWise and Orchestration Framework databases hosted on Asus U46E (Intel I5 dual‐core CPU, 8 GB RAM) running SQL Server 2012. All computers running Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1. Configuration 
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InterPlot archive for Distribution Service set for 300 DPI PDF, no DPR or thumbnail, printer "HP DesignJet 1055CM by HP". Four HP 1055CM printers in Distribution Service archive group. DCS uses "ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Server" printer. DCS rendition format set for 300 DPI PDF. Desktop heap size for non‐interactive logins: 3 GB. ProjectWise network control panel applet configured for best performance. Default iplot.cfg and iplotsrv.cfg GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 28 Point Cloud Server Starting in ProjectWise V8i (SELECTseries 4) the available Point Cloud Service can stream Point Clouds to client machines running MicroStation SS2, Navigator, Open Plant, Descartes SS3 and Bentley Civil products. Much like Google Earth, Point Cloud Streaming only sends the needed information to the client based on the location and zoom ratio. Point clouds can be from several megabytes to many gigabytes in size. The Point Cloud Service can be loaded either on an Integration Server or Caching Server. There is a price difference, so consult your sales team for pricing. It is less expensive when running on a Caching Server. Once configured, import your .las or .pod files into a storage area/folder on the Caching Server or Integration Server that is running the Point Cloud Service. In general, you can run one Point Cloud Service and have all of the point cloud files on one server, or you can add multiple Point Cloud Services and store the point clouds in multiple storage areas. Keep in mind there is no need to cache point clouds in remote office, as they will be streamed as needed. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 29 Bentley Transmittals Service The newly released Bentley Transmittal Services (BTS) consists of three modules; the Bentley Transmittals Server, Bentley Transmittals Portal, and the Bentley Transmittal connector for ProjectWise. For optimum performance, it is recommended that each BTS module reside on its own server, which is in addition to your existing ProjectWise (SELECTseries 4) Integration Server and Database Server. Each BTS instance (Server and Portal) is configured for one ProjectWise Integration Server. If that Integration server is configured with multiple datasources, you will have the ability to enable transmittals on each of those datasources. The Transmittals Portal requires a SSL Certificate for communications with users. BTS currently is supported to run on Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard or Express only. Keep in mind that SQL Express has a database limitation of 10GB. Oracle is not currently supported for BTS, but your ProjectWise Database can be running on Oracle. A feature of SQL 2008 called FILESTREAM allows transmittals themselves to be stored in the database. Enabling FILESTREAM on an existing database engine should not affect any existing databases any more than reporting services would affect them; it’s just another SQL feature. Further, all BTS packages and their response documents will be stored in SQL Server (using FILESTREAM storage). Make sure you set aside enough storage space wherever you decide to host the transmittal database's storage area. When calculating the disk space needed, keep in mind that each transmittal package is temporarily stored on the BTS Server and is roughly the same size as the sum of the files contained in the package. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 30 ProjectWise and Network Security ProjectWise traffic between clients and servers are done on tcp port 5800 by default for the thick client and ports 80 and 443 for the web clients. Encryption can be enabled for thin and/or thick clients independently and from different ProjectWise servers, allowing IT staff to only encrypt traffic that may flow outside of the LAN or WAN. This is sometimes a preferred method to keep the overhead on encryption from degrading performance in the local network. The log in process when using the ProjectWise Explorer Client are encrypted using RC$ algorithm using 128‐bit keys. When logging into the ProjectWise Web Server when SSL is turned on it will use 128 bit SSL session. When SSL is enabled for the ProjectWise Explorer (server setting) it will continue to use tcp port 5800 by default, but traffic will be using 128‐bit encryption. Nothing other than that is done on the client side. Once users bring up the ProjectWise Explorer they will need to accept the trust certificate dialog. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 31 Working with Sub‐Consultants When working with outside parties there are server considerations. First is how they are going to connect and where is the data stored. Connectivity can happen using a browser based client or a thick client. Each has its pros and cons. The thick client access has the most functionality and can also provide direct integration inside of many commonly used applications such as AutoCAD, MicroStation, Revit, Civil 3D, Microsoft Office, as well as other applications. It also offers increased performance via data compression and delta file transfer (DFT). Thick client access does require the installation of the ProjectWise Explorer on the desktop and requires port TCP 5800 for connectivity and file transfers. When utilizing the thick client it also gives added flexibility for routing since the ProjectWise Explorer can directly contact a ProjectWise Gateway Server, ProjectWise Caching Server, or ProjectWise Integration Server as the next server in the route. All three of these servers can pass routing information to the thick client. If added performance is needed, or in a larger office with many users a ProjectWise Caching Server may be utilized. Caching Servers can have a dual function. The first is being able to store files as their home location. The second is caching of files from remote offices. Thin client access is much easier since it works over standard web browsing ports. It also has capabilities to allow viewing and markup of CAD formats through a browser with no design markup of viewing tools installed. Browser users can check out/in files but need to understand that ProjectWise would be unaware of reference or x‐ref attachments and require a scan be done on the file(s) after they have been checked in so any changes in references would be picked up, therefore it is recommended that CAD editors use thick client access to edit files. Viewers, markups, and Microsoft Office type users can use the browser based clients without any issues. Thin client users would also not be able to take advantage of DFT traffic, therefore users of larger files may benefit from thick client. Client to Server communications are done on ports TCP 5800 for thick client access and ports HTTP 80 and HTTPS 443 for browser based clients. All server to server communications will be on port TCP 5800. When working with a remote office port TCP 5800 will need to be open on any firewall between the ProjectWise Explorer (thick client) and the next link in the chain which may be a ProjectWise Caching Server, ProjectWise Gateway Server, or ProjectWise Integration Server. Also, any of the servers that are next in line would also need to communicate using TCP 5800. Browser based clients will utilize standard ports 80 and SSL 443 for communications. Browser traffic cannot be relayed by a Caching or Gateway Server. It must have direct contact to the ProjectWise Web Server. Once the traffic reaches the ProjectWise Web Server it will then communicate via port 5800 to the other servers to process requests. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 32 If dual authentication is needed then VPN access may be required as the first level of authentication with their ProjectWise login being the second. Other options may include a Citrix type connection to ProjectWise which is a supported configuration. The diagram below represents some of the common routes that ProjectWise traffic can take when dealing with outside entities. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 33 Mobile Access to ProjectWise ProjectWise can be accessed by many mobile devices including smart phones and tablets. This access is either through an App which is the case for the iPad, which now has several ProjectWise related apps; and via browsers on smart devices running such browsers as Safari or other non ActiveX browsers. When connecting with a non ActiveX browser certain functionality is disabled or different workflows are needed. iPad connections are done via the ProjectWise Web Services which would typically be loaded on a server in the DMZ. There is no license fee for the ProjectWise Web Services, but once an iPad logs into a ProjectWise datasource it would then use a ProjectWise Passport (user license). iPads can also connect via the Safari browser which gives the same functionality as other non ActiveX browser. ProjectWise offers three different apps relating to ProjectWise on Apple’s App Store. The first is the ProjectWise Explorer Mobile which is the ProjectWise client for the iPad. This app allows the iPad user to connect to a live datasource or utilize downloaded content in a disconnected mode. Documents in ProjectWise can be checked out, edited, and checked in through this app. Files in ProjectWise can be viewed and edited with various apps that can be downloaded from Apple’s App Store. New files can be added via the app as well. The Navigator and Navigator Pano apps can view packaged iModels of design content from various design applications such as MicroStation, AutoCAD, Revit and others. These iModels can be integrated for business intelligence, viewing, and markup capabilities. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 34 ProjectWise Server Module Overview ProjectWise Integration Server The ProjectWise Integration Server is a central component of Bentley’s ProjectWise. Many deployments require only one (1) ProjectWise Integration Server, however large organizations may implement additional Integration Servers to provide redundancy or load balancing. Multiple Integration Servers may be implemented when an organization has multiple locations that operate autonomously, or for global companies that need multiples based on geography. Licensing:
The ProjectWise Integration Server requires a Right to Run Server license to operate. IT Characteristics:
This is the main ProjectWise Server that all traffic travels through. It can be clustered or put into a Network Load Balance environment. This server can be scaled up to meet the needs of several thousand users. In general, ProjectWise Integration Server can reliably handle up to 300 to 2000 simultaneous client connections per server. This is not a hard limit, and performance may vary with this many connections, depending on the robustness of your hardware and system configuration. (In this case, a client connection is any user logged in to ProjectWise through one of the various ProjectWise client applications.) Pre-requisites:
RDMS database instance (Oracle or SQL Server – usually on a separate server) ProjectWise Caching Server ProjectWise documents may be stored either on the ProjectWise Integration Server, or alternately on any machine running the ProjectWise Caching Server. Additional ProjectWise Caching Servers are most often required to enhance performance for larger organizations with multiple locations. A ProjectWise Caching Server can either be used to store the master copies of documents managed by ProjectWise, or can be used to manage cached copies of documents stored on other remote Caching Servers. This provides LAN speed access to files that may be physically managed on those remote servers across the WAN. Licensing:
A ProjectWise Caching Server Right to Run Server license is required. The Caching Server Qualifies for Enterprise Subscription Licensing (ELS). Several may be needed for remote offices. IT Characteristics:
The Caching Server has a dual purpose. The first is for file storage and the second is to cache files that are stored in other locations. Make sure enough disc space is added to contain all of the locally stored files and/or the amount of files in active out of that office projects that are stored elsewhere but worked on in the local office. Hardware should be similar to a typical file server to handle the user load and space requirements; however it will have slightly higher CPU usage due to the Delta File Transfer GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 35 processing. The Caching Server, when used for file storage, must be backed up. However the cache does not need to be backed up as it is simply a copy of the originals. Pre-requisites:
ProjectWise Integration Server. ProjectWise Web Server The ProjectWise Web Server is used to provide a web browser interface for ProjectWise users. Web browser‐based access for ProjectWise is intended for casual users, where ProjectWise Explorer is intended for every‐day users. Typically, those users working in content creation applications such as MicroStation and AutoCAD can use ProjectWise Explorer, while those users only needing to upload/view/redline documents will use a web browser. Without the ProjectWise Web Server, all users will be required to use the ProjectWise Explorer client. This feature includes a series of web parts enabling users to search and navigate (spatial and directory) data managed in ProjectWise Integration Server. Also includes the Navigator Web Part enabling users to view and markup 2D and 3D i‐models. Licensing:
ProjectWise Web Server requires in a Right to Run Server license, as well as ProjectWise Passport licenses for client access. IT Characteristics:
In general, ProjectWise Web Server can reliably handle up to 300 simultaneous client connections. This is not a hard limit, and performance may vary with this many connections, depending on the robustness of your hardware and system configuration. You may want to set up ProjectWise Web Server on additional servers if you expect to have more than 1000 users accessing ProjectWise in a normal work day through ProjectWise Web Parts. Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  Microsoft IIS (not provided by Bentley)  Microsoft SharePoint 2007 or 2010 (optional – not provided by Bentley) ProjectWise Web View Server The ProjectWise Web View Server extends any ProjectWise deployment by providing individuals with web browser access to view ProjectWise managed content. This will make it easy for any number of connected users to access and view work in a read‐only mode using a browser. And as the access is likely to be infrequent, and will always be to consume rather than collaborate on ProjectWise managed content, there will be no requirement for a user to possess a ProjectWise Passport. ProjectWise Web View Server uses the same infrastructure and Web Parts as the PW Web Server, but simply limits them to read‐only access and removes the PW Passport reporting requirement. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 36 Licensing: ProjectWise Web View Server both require a Right to Run Server license. No license is required for users connecting to the ProjectWise Web View Server. IT Characteristics: In general, ProjectWise Web View Server can reliably handle up to 300 simultaneous client connections. This is not a hard limit, and performance may vary with this many connections, depending on the robustness of your hardware and system configuration. You may want to set up ProjectWise Web Server on additional servers if you expect to have more than 1000 users accessing ProjectWise in a normal work day through ProjectWise Web Parts. Pre‐requisites:  ProjectWise Integration Server  Microsoft IIS (not provided by Bentley)  Microsoft SharePoint 2007 or 2010 (optional – not provided by Bentley) ProjectWise InterPlot Server The mission of ProjectWise InterPlot Server is to automate the production plotting process, thus exposing engineering drawings to those users who don’t use MicroStation or AutoCAD. ProjectWise Plot Server makes this possible via both paper and electronic media. ProjectWise InterPlot Server is designed to batch process entire projects (potentially hundreds of drawings) either to paper, or immutable electronic format (e.g. PDF); and is typically invoked on the most recently issued drawing. In short, ProjectWise Plot Server serves to automate the production plotting process Licensing:
ProjectWise InterPlot Server requires a Right to Run Server license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Server ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Server provides the ability to automate and enforce project standards for the publishing and packaging of i‐models, PDFs and raster renditions from commonly used design and office documents managed by ProjectWise Integration Server. It also enables interactive publishing for users of ProjectWise Explorer to batch publish PDF and raster renditions on demand. The ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Service can be configured to automatically publish rendition output based on changes to the source files or ProjectWise metadata, such as workflow state. Licensing:ProjectWise Dynamic Composition Service requires a Right to Run Service license, as well as ProjectWise Passport license for the i‐model Composer instance used as the publishing engine. IT Characteristics:
GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 37 Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Service The ProjectWise Dynamic Plot is a Review/Markup solution that uses plain paper and a digital pen to dramatically streamline the process for capturing markups that are made to paper plots. The ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Service is the software product that extends ProjectWise InterPlot Server to produce the patterned plots and registers which plots go with which design data stored in ProjectWise. Once the paper plots are marked upon with the digital pen, the ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Sync client is used to extract the markups from the digital pen, convert them to overlay files, and place them into the ProjectWise datasource. Licensing:
ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Service requires in a Right to Run Service license. ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Sync client requires a ProjectWise Passport license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  ProjectWise InterPlot Server ProjectWise Business Process Template for BS1192 The ProjectWise Business Process Template for BS1192 delivers a preconfigured set of rules that encapsulate best‐practices for BS1192 work processes based on the ProjectWise platform. In operation, it allows users to initiate operations and automatically execute a sequence of actions, which check/modify ProjectWise document properties and metadata based on the rules defined in the Template. Licensing:
ProjectWise Business Process Template for BS1192 requires in a Right to Run Service license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Standards Validation Service The ProjectWise Standards Validation Service is a tool for organizations wishing to enforce consistent documentation and deliverables standards within their internal team and to external suppliers GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 38 producing engineering contents. The ProjectWise Standards Validation Service automatically validates CAD file contents and ProjectWise metadata (more than just a CAD standards checking tool) against the standards defined for the project. It supports configuration of different standards for multiple projects and produces compliance reports for review. Licensing:
ProjectWise Standards Validation Service requires a Right to Run Service license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server Bentley Transmittals Service The Bentley Transmittals Service adds the ability to package, register, deliver, and track Transmittals and Submittals to ProjectWise. Transmittals and Submittals are the key unit of currency for deliverables between organizations involved in design, construction and operations. The Bentley Transmittals Server enables these organizations to standardize on a single platform that can be used across an asset lifecycle. By providing a transmittal capability tightly integrated with ProjectWise, the Bentley Transmittal Server helps organization accelerate their critical project deliveries and reduce their risks by tracking transmittal status across all projects including a permanent record on what documents have been send, to whom, when and if/when it was acknowledged and responded to. Dashboards in the Transmittal Portal provide external participants a quick way to check the response status for all of their assigned transmittals and internal project rollup dashboards allow Project Managers and other project control staff to quickly track progress and identify the most urgent issues. Includes: a Transmittal Packager, Transmittal Portal, and Transmittal Registry. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise PDx Dynamic Review Service The ProjectWise PDx Dynamic Review Service natively references and extracts all PDS model and file data with full fidelity directly from PDS’s existing Oracle or SQL Server databases without requiring PDS software. Unlike the traditional DGN/DRV file route, ProjectWise PDx Dynamic Review Service opens up the entire PDS project database and provides read access to anyone using Bentley’s MicroStation, ProjectWise Navigator, or ConstructSim. The ProjectWise PDx Dynamic Review Service automates the GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 39 creation of i‐models or V8i DGN files from the PDS project database, these i‐models or DGN files can them be used in cross‐discipline design review and other workflows. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Geospatial Management ProjectWise Geospatial Management extends the base ProjectWise spatial capabilities with advanced tools for geospatial data management. There is support for geocoded images, point clouds metadata, and display of documents thumbnails on a background map. It provides support for ArcMAP iDesktop integration and MXD, MXT, SHP, BIL, and BIP file formats. The relationship between the ArcMap project file and its content is managed and ProjectWise integration is added into ArcMap. ProjectWise iDesktop for MapInfo adds similar ProjectWise functionality to support MapInfo data. MapInfo file formats can now be stored in ProjectWise, and users can scan the relationship between TAB (table document) and WOR (workspace document) files in order to create sets. ProjectWise Geospatial Management also adds Linear Referencing system capabilities allowing documents to be located along linear assets like roads or pipelines. Dynamic background maps are enabled in ProjectWise Explorer by using a Bentley Geo Web Publisher engine. These background maps can be generated from a variety of sources including GIS and spatial database layers as well as Web Map Services (WMS). Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites: 
ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Connector for ArcGIS This product supports user‐initiated or scheduled based interoperability with ESRI ArcSDE Geodatabases through an intelligent extract, modify, and post paradigm. Bentley users can retrieve information from a Geodatabase for viewing using the Connector, and when the Connector is used in conjunction with Bentley Map or other Bentley applications based on Bentley Map, the data can be edited. Engineers can use the information as a backdrop or source information for new projects, and they can modify existing information with updated, as‐built information after the engineering project is GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 40 completed. Features can be extracted from the Geodatabase into managed DGN files and used in design sessions. Domain constraints and rules are preserved in the extraction process and respected during feature creation or modification within Bentley applications. This is facilitated by Bentley’s XML Feature Modeling (XFM) technology that is inherent in virtually all Bentley GIS applications. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  ProjectWise Geospatial Management ProjectWise Connector for Oracle The connector is a high‐performance server product ideal for organizations that use MicroStation applications with Oracle as their main data repository in integrated engineering and geospatial workflows. Information is extracted to the XML‐enabled (XFM) environment supported by all Bentley Map editions (Bentley Map PowerView, Bentley Map, Bentley Map Enterprise) and applications built upon them (Bentley Cadastre, Bentley Electric, Bentley Water, Bentley Wastewater, and the Bentley Communications products). All of the database schema, domain constraints, and other information needed to maintain data integrity according to enterprise definitions is extracted along with the spatial and attribution information. Modifications are tracked so that only changes are sent back to Oracle upon completion. All the updates are managed through Oracle versioning via Oracle Workspace Manager, allowing multi‐
user editing in long‐transaction workflows. Reconciliation tools are provided that allow inspection of versions, version reconciliation, conflict visualization, and conflict resolution for both geometric and attribute information. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  ProjectWise Geospatial Management Service Bentley Geospatial Server Bentley Geospatial Server is a combination of products which allows users to organize their projects and data with geospatial reference as well as work with Oracle spatial databases. It brings together information in spatial databases, drawings, business documents, and other forms through a unique federated information management approach. Information in enterprise databases, GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 41 legacy and departmental systems, and project‐based data stored in virtually any format is accessible to users through a geospatial interface. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 RDMS database instance (Oracle or SQL Server, not provided by Bentley) Bentley Geospatial Server is a bundle of the following products: ProjectWise Integration Server, ProjectWise InterPlot Server, ProjectWise Geospatial Management and ProjectWise Connector for Oracle. Bentley Geo Web Publisher Bentley Geo Web Publisher is a high performance Web GIS. It allows organizations to integrate a variety of data sources both spatial and non spatial in a single portal. Administrators can author and maintain Web GIS applications with simple and easy to use tools which do not require programming skills. The Web GIS Application generator can create both fully operational GIS web applications as well as GIS Web services and Silverlight based applications. Bentley Geo Web Publisher is OGC compliant and supports many OGC standards such as WMS client, WFS server, WFS server, WFS client, KML and GML, these standards allow organizations to publish data to other server or desktop GIS systems, as well as read data from other GIS servers. Bentley Geo Web Publisher enables a wide range of applications such as municipal information systems, image or drawing archives, map‐based navigational sites, project sites, and public information portals. Note: If ProjectWise Integration server is present, Bentley Geo Web Publisher can publish files managed by ProjectWise. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites: 
Microsoft IIS (not provided by Bentley) ProjectWise Gateway Service The ProjectWise Gateway Service is used to enable external ProjectWise Explorer clients (individuals located outside the company’s firewall) to reach a ProjectWise Integration Server residing on the secure local network inside the company’s firewall. This scenario is often referred to as a DMZ configuration. In this configuration, the external client cannot reach completely through the firewall to the ProjectWise GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 42 Integration Server, but is allowed to reach into a “neutral zone” where the ProjectWise Gateway Service resides. The ProjectWise Gateway Service then contacts the ProjectWise Integration Server on behalf of the client. Licensing:
There is no additional software cost associated with the ProjectWise Gateway Service (it is included with the purchase of the ProjectWise Integration Server), but additional services are required to deploy this module. The ProjectWise Gateway Service does not require a license under normal operation. However the ProjectWise Gateway Service can also provide File Caching capabilities. In order to enable file caching on a ProjectWise Gateway Service machine, a ProjectWise Caching Server license is required. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Indexing Service ProjectWise Indexing Service is required when configuring the ProjectWise Full Text Document Processor to use Microsoft Indexing Service on a separate server from the ProjectWise Integration Server. This can reduce the processing load on the ProjectWise Integration Server. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  ProjectWise Orchestration Framework Service  Microsoft Indexing Service (not provided by Bentley) ProjectWise User Synchronization Service The ProjectWise User Synchronization Service is used to synchronize ProjectWise user and group accounts with Windows user and group accounts. This allows users to log in to ProjectWise using the same username and password that they use to log in to Windows. If it is enabled, users can also take advantage of the convenience of Single Sign‐On which removes the need for the user to type in username/password when accessing a ProjectWise datasource via the Explorer client interface. In addition, those individuals performing ProjectWise administrative tasks will have their workload significantly reduced with respect to creating and maintaining ProjectWise user accounts. Licensing:
GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 43 There is no additional software cost associated with the ProjectWise User Synchronization Service (it is included with the purchase of the ProjectWise Integration Server), but additional services are required to deploy this module. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server 
Access to the organization’s Windows Domain Controller or Active Directory ProjectWise Orchestration Framework Service The ProjectWise Orchestration Framework Service provides the underlying services for various ProjectWise functionality including Automation Service, Distribution Service, and the Document Processors (Full Text, Thumbnails, File Properties) used with the ProjectWise Integration Server. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  Microsoft SQL Express (not provided by Bentley) or Microsoft SQL Server (not provided by Bentley) ProjectWise Automation Service ProjectWise Automation Service enables server‐side processing of documents, which in turn is accomplished through the configuration and use of document processors. Document processors can be developed and configured to perform a number of document‐related tasks. One of the more common tasks performed is that of extracting information from a set of source documents and then importing the data into ProjectWise as components. As part of the process, a component index is typically generated for tracking the documents in which each component was found. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server  ProjectWise Orchestration Framework Service  MicroStation V8i (provided by Bentley to operate unlicensed in non‐graphic mode) GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 44 ProjectWise Publishing Gateway Service The ProjectWise Publishing Gateway is an optional component that is only required when ProjectWise Publishing Server is to be integrated into a ProjectWise Integration Server solution. This component provides communication between ProjectWise Publishing Server and ProjectWise Integration Server so that Publisher is able to locate drawings and references within the ProjectWise repository. There is no software cost associated with this component, and the deployment services are rolled up into the ProjectWise Publishing Server deployment services item. Licensing:
IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Web Server or ProjectWise Web View Server  ProjectWise Publishing Server ProjectWise Web Services ProjectWise Mobile Access Server enables users to directly connect to ProjectWise from their iPad over a WiFi or 3G connection using the iPad app: “ProjectWise Explorer for the iPad”. Users can access and manage documents in their ProjectWise database from within the iPad without using email or Dropbox to send documents to the iPad. Users can download and install this application (or have their ProjectWise system admin do it) to get a "key" to connect to ProjectWise from the iPad. Users can then use their ProjectWise credentials to log in. Licensing:
ProjectWise Web Services requires a ProjectWise Passport license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:

ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Desktop Applications Bentley Navigator Bentley Navigator is a visual collaboration tool used for immersive project review and analysis to support design and construction management processes and to manage assets in real time.
Licensing:
Bentley Navigator requires a ProjectWise Passport license. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 45 IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
ProjectWise Explorer The ProjectWise Explorer is the primary client application used to access the ProjectWise system. ProjectWise Explorer is a thick client application that is installed on each desktop machine and provides tight integration with the editing applications like MicroStation, AutoCAD, and Microsoft Office. Once installed, any user of that machine will be able to access documents stored in ProjectWise Integration Server, provided they are allowed access to the project. ProjectWise Explorer client communicates with the ProjectWise Integration and Gateway Servers via standard TCP/IP protocols. Licensing:
ProjectWise Explorer requires a ProjectWise Passport license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Administrator ProjectWise Administrator is the primary application used to administer the ProjectWise Integration Server System. ProjectWise Administrator is a Microsoft Management Console Snap‐in that would be installed on each desktop from which a user would need access to administrative functionality. Licensing:
ProjectWise Administrator requires a ProjectWise Passport license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Integration Server ProjectWise Web Parts The ProjectWise Web Parts are the primary web‐based user interface for ProjectWise. This user interface is enabled when the ProjectWise Web Server is installed and requires no software deployment on the client‐side machine. ProjectWise Web Parts communicates with the ProjectWise Web Server (& IIS or SharePoint) via standard HTTP(S) protocols. ProjectWise Web Parts use an ActiveX control to allow multi‐file upload and download capabilities and supports document/folder creation, check in/out, attribute modification, searching, redlining and viewing with ProjectWise Publishing Server and Design Compare with the combination of ProjectWise Publishing Server and ProjectWise InterPlot Server. Licensing:
GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 46 ProjectWise Web Parts require the use of ProjectWise Passport licenses (when used with PW Web Server, use with PW Web View Server does not require ProjectWise Passport licenses) IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise Web Server Or ProjectWise Web View Server ProjectWise InterPlot Organizer ProjectWise Plot Organizer is the plot definition and submission component for ProjectWise InterPlot Server. It includes the tools needed to compose, preview, and submit for plotting or renditioning MicroStation, AutoCAD, Word Excel, Raster, and DPR files to a networked computer running ProjectWise Plot Server. InterPlot Organizer includes a wide range of tools (Design Scripts and settings files) to tailor and automate the plotting process. Licensing:
ProjectWise Plot Organizer requires a ProjectWise Passport license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise InterPlot Server ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Sync The PW Dynamic Plot Sync is the software product that sits on the reviewer’s machine and is used to collect the markups from the digital pen when docked, and then synchronize the markups with the originating design data in ProjectWise. Licensing:
ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Sync requires a ProjectWise Passport license. IT Characteristics:
Pre-requisites:
 ProjectWise InterPlot Server  ProjectWise Dynamic Plot Service  ProjectWise Integration Server  ProjectWise Explorer  ProjectWise InterPlot Organizer ProjectWise Explorer for the iPad GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated ProjectWise Systems Architecture P a g e | 47 Using this iPad app, users can access, review, and return secure work packages created from PDFs, spreadsheets, photos, and design models. A wide variety of file types can be added to a package and sent to the iPad for use at a construction site or other remote location. This iPad app lets users open these packages, view their contents, see properties of individual files, and preview certain file types. It also allows sharing files with other applications that offer advanced editing features, such as Apple's iAnnotate for PDFs and Apple's Keynote for PowerPoint, which allows annotation of documents. Once annotated, documents are created on the iPad, a return package can be exported to ProjectWise Explorer, and synchronized for review. Note: Bentley’s ProjectWise software is needed to make full use of this app. Bentley Navigator Pano Review for the iPad With this iPad app, users get a 360‐degree panoramic view of 3‐D design models. By creating ‘points‐of‐
interest’ they can quickly access the information they need when they need it. Any annotations made in the iPad can then be merged with the models on their desktop software. Bentley Navigator Pano Review for the iPad lets you navigate, view, and mark up 3D models for design review and coordination as well as site inspections – all with full markup synchronization in collaborative workflows – now anywhere, right on your iPad! It also uniquely provides panoramic navigation in an immersive environment for true “hands‐on” reviews. With this innovative capability, you can navigate models by simply moving your iPad as though it were a “window into the model.” And the iPad’s motion sensors and touch screens also give you fast and easy access to object properties – such as the thickness of a pipe, its color, or its pressure rating. Use this versatile app to review “points‐of‐interest” in models to quickly access the information when needed. Any annotations made on your iPad can then be merged with the models on desktop software. Bentley’s i‐models (containers for open infrastructure information exchange) optimized for the iPad can combine any DGN, Revit, DWG, DXF, Rhino (3DM), and 3DS files. Bentley Navigator Mobile Navigator Mobile app allows you to review 3D models and documents contained in an i‐model. To generate an i‐model for use in Navigator Mobile, you must convert it using Navigator Mobile Publisher. I‐models can be added to the app through iTunes, cloud services and ProjectWise. The app contains four different screens, each with a specialized purpose. GREENBOOK
Copyright © 2013 Bentley Systems, Incorporated 
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