EN 302 885 - V2.2.3 - Portable Very High Frequency (VHF

EN 302 885 - V2.2.3 - Portable Very High Frequency (VHF
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
HARMONISED EUROPEAN STANDARD
Portable Very High Frequency (VHF)
radiotelephone equipment for the
maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands
with integrated handheld class H DSC;
Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements
of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Reference
REN/ERM-TG26-518C2
Keywords
harmonised standard, maritime, radio, VHF
ETSI
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ETSI
3
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Contents
Intellectual Property Rights ................................................................................................................................8
Foreword.............................................................................................................................................................8
Modal verbs terminology....................................................................................................................................8
1
Scope ........................................................................................................................................................9
2
References ................................................................................................................................................9
2.1
2.2
3
Normative references ......................................................................................................................................... 9
Informative references ...................................................................................................................................... 10
Definitions, symbols and abbreviations .................................................................................................10
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
Definitions ........................................................................................................................................................ 10
Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 11
Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 11
General and operational requirements ....................................................................................................11
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
5
Conformance .................................................................................................................................................... 11
Construction ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Controls and indicators ..................................................................................................................................... 12
Microphone and loudspeaker ........................................................................................................................... 13
Safety precautions ............................................................................................................................................ 13
Labelling........................................................................................................................................................... 13
Technical requirements ..........................................................................................................................13
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
6
Conformance .................................................................................................................................................... 13
Switching time.................................................................................................................................................. 13
Class of emission and modulation characteristics ............................................................................................ 14
Battery capacity ................................................................................................................................................ 14
DSC functionality ............................................................................................................................................. 14
General conditions of measurement .......................................................................................................14
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.8.1
6.8.2
6.9
6.9.1
6.9.2
6.9.2.1
6.9.2.2
6.10
6.10.0
6.10.1
6.10.2
6.10.2.1
6.10.2.2
6.11
6.12
7
7.1
Arrangements for RF connections to the equipment ........................................................................................ 14
RF connections to integral antenna equipment ........................................................................................... 14
RF connection to equipment with a detachable antenna ............................................................................. 14
Arrangements for test signals applied to the receiver input.............................................................................. 14
Squelch ............................................................................................................................................................. 15
Normal test modulation .................................................................................................................................... 15
Artificial antenna .............................................................................................................................................. 15
Arrangements for test signals applied to the transmitter input ......................................................................... 15
Test channels .................................................................................................................................................... 15
Test conditions, power sources and ambient temperatures............................................................................... 15
Normal and extreme test conditions............................................................................................................ 15
Test power source ....................................................................................................................................... 15
Normal test conditions...................................................................................................................................... 16
Normal temperature and humidity .............................................................................................................. 16
Normal power sources ................................................................................................................................ 16
Battery power source............................................................................................................................. 16
Other power sources .............................................................................................................................. 16
Extreme test conditions .................................................................................................................................... 16
General........................................................................................................................................................ 16
Extreme temperatures ................................................................................................................................. 16
Extreme values of test power sources ......................................................................................................... 16
Battery power source............................................................................................................................. 16
Other power sources .............................................................................................................................. 16
Procedure for tests at extreme temperatures ..................................................................................................... 17
Reference Bandwidths for emission measurements ......................................................................................... 17
Environmental tests ................................................................................................................................17
Procedure.......................................................................................................................................................... 17
ETSI
4
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.4
7.4.1
7.4.2
7.4.2.1
7.4.2.2
7.4.2.3
7.4.3
7.4.3.1
7.4.3.2
7.4.3.3
7.4.4
7.4.4.1
7.4.4.2
7.4.4.3
8
8.0
8.1
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.1.3
8.2
8.2.1
8.2.2
8.2.3
8.3
8.3.1
8.3.2
8.3.2.1
8.3.2.2
8.3.3
8.3.3.1
8.3.3.2
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.4.3
8.5
8.5.1
8.5.2
8.5.3
8.6
8.6.1
8.6.2
8.6.2.0
8.6.2.1
8.6.2.2
8.6.3
8.7
8.7.1
8.7.2
8.7.3
8.8
8.8.1
8.8.2
8.8.3
8.9
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Performance check ........................................................................................................................................... 17
Drop test ........................................................................................................................................................... 17
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 17
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 18
Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 18
Temperature tests ............................................................................................................................................. 18
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 18
Dry heat ...................................................................................................................................................... 18
Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 18
Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 18
Requirement .......................................................................................................................................... 18
Damp heat ................................................................................................................................................... 19
Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 19
Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 19
Requirement .......................................................................................................................................... 19
Low temperature cycle................................................................................................................................ 19
Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 19
Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 19
Requirement .......................................................................................................................................... 19
Transmitter .............................................................................................................................................20
General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20
Frequency error ................................................................................................................................................ 20
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 20
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 20
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 20
Carrier power.................................................................................................................................................... 20
Definitions .................................................................................................................................................. 20
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 20
Limits, Normal and extreme test conditions ............................................................................................... 20
Frequency deviation ......................................................................................................................................... 21
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 21
Maximum permissible frequency deviation ................................................................................................ 21
Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 21
Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 21
Reduction of frequency deviation at modulation frequencies above 3 kHz ................................................ 21
Method of measurement ........................................................................................................................ 21
Limits .................................................................................................................................................... 21
Sensitivity of the modulator, including microphone ........................................................................................ 22
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 22
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 22
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 22
Audio frequency response ................................................................................................................................ 22
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 22
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 23
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 23
Audio frequency harmonic distortion of the emission...................................................................................... 24
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 24
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 24
General .................................................................................................................................................. 24
Normal test conditions .......................................................................................................................... 24
Extreme test conditions ......................................................................................................................... 24
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 24
Adjacent channel power ................................................................................................................................... 24
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 24
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 24
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 25
Conducted spurious emissions conveyed to the antenna .................................................................................. 25
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 25
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 25
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 25
Cabinet radiation and conducted spurious emissions other than those conveyed to the antenna ..................... 25
ETSI
5
8.9.1
8.9.2
8.9.3
8.10
8.10.1
8.10.2
8.10.3
8.11
8.11.1
8.11.2
8.11.3
8.12
8.12.1
8.12.2
8.12.3
8.13
8.13.1
8.13.2
8.13.3
8.14
8.14.1
8.14.2
8.14.3
8.15
8.15.1
8.15.2
8.15.3
9
9.1
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.2
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
9.5
9.5.1
9.5.2
9.5.3
9.6
9.6.1
9.6.2
9.6.3
9.7
9.7.1
9.7.2
9.7.3
9.8
9.8.1
9.8.2
9.8.3
9.9
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Definitions .................................................................................................................................................. 25
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 26
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 27
Residual modulation of the transmitter ............................................................................................................ 27
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 27
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 27
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 27
Transient frequency behaviour of the transmitter ............................................................................................. 27
Definitions .................................................................................................................................................. 27
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 28
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 31
Frequency error (demodulated DSC signal) ..................................................................................................... 31
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 31
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 31
Modulation index for DSC ............................................................................................................................... 31
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 31
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 31
Modulation rate for DSC .................................................................................................................................. 31
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 31
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 32
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 32
Testing of free channel transmission on DSC channel 70 ................................................................................ 32
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 32
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 32
Requirement ................................................................................................................................................ 32
Receiver..................................................................................................................................................33
Harmonic distortion and rated audio frequency output power ......................................................................... 33
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 33
Methods of measurement ............................................................................................................................ 33
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 33
Audio frequency response ................................................................................................................................ 33
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 33
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 33
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 34
Maximum usable sensitivity ............................................................................................................................. 34
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 34
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 35
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 35
Co-channel rejection......................................................................................................................................... 35
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 35
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 35
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 35
Adjacent channel selectivity ............................................................................................................................. 36
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 36
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 36
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 36
Spurious response rejection .............................................................................................................................. 36
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 36
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 36
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 37
Intermodulation response ................................................................................................................................. 37
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 37
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 37
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 37
Blocking or desensitization .............................................................................................................................. 37
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 37
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 38
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 38
Conducted spurious emissions ......................................................................................................................... 38
ETSI
6
9.9.1
9.9.2
9.9.3
9.10
9.10.1
9.10.2
9.10.3
9.11
9.11.1
9.11.2
9.11.3
9.12
9.12.1
9.12.2
9.12.3
9.13
9.13.1
9.13.2
9.13.3
10
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
10.12
10.13
10.14
10.15
10.16
10.17
10.18
10.19
10.20
10.21
10.22
10.23
10.24
10.25
10.26
10.27
10.28
10.29
10.30
10.31
10.32
10.33
10.34
10.35
10.36
10.37
10.38
10.39
10.40
10.41
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 38
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 38
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 38
Radiated spurious emissions............................................................................................................................. 38
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 38
Method of measurements ............................................................................................................................ 39
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 39
Receiver noise and hum level ........................................................................................................................... 40
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 40
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 40
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 40
Squelch operation ............................................................................................................................................. 40
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 40
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 40
Limits .......................................................................................................................................................... 41
Squelch hysteresis ............................................................................................................................................ 41
Definition .................................................................................................................................................... 41
Method of measurement ............................................................................................................................. 41
Limit ........................................................................................................................................................... 41
DSC Signalling .......................................................................................................................................41
Test Method...................................................................................................................................................... 41
Display ............................................................................................................................................................. 41
GNSS receiver .................................................................................................................................................. 41
Individual DSC calls ........................................................................................................................................ 42
All ships calls ................................................................................................................................................... 42
DSC call functionality ...................................................................................................................................... 42
DSC message composition ............................................................................................................................... 42
Prioritized wait ................................................................................................................................................. 42
Alarms .............................................................................................................................................................. 42
Standby ............................................................................................................................................................. 42
GNSS fix - sending distress .............................................................................................................................. 42
Tasks - sending distress .................................................................................................................................... 42
Display - sending distress ................................................................................................................................. 42
Distress button sub procedure .......................................................................................................................... 42
Void .................................................................................................................................................................. 43
Updating position ............................................................................................................................................. 43
Handling received DSC messages - sending distress ....................................................................................... 43
Alarms - sending distress ................................................................................................................................. 43
Determining subsequent communications - sending distress ........................................................................... 43
Automated tuning - sending distress ................................................................................................................ 43
Cancelling the distress alert .............................................................................................................................. 43
Acknowledgements - sending distress .............................................................................................................. 43
Termination - sending distress.......................................................................................................................... 43
Warnings - sending distress .............................................................................................................................. 43
Tasks - receiving distress ................................................................................................................................. 43
Display - receiving distress .............................................................................................................................. 43
Handling received DSC messages - receiving distress ..................................................................................... 44
Alarms - receiving distress ............................................................................................................................... 44
Determining subsequent communications - receiving distress ......................................................................... 44
Automated tuning - receiving distress .............................................................................................................. 44
Acknowledgements - receiving distress ........................................................................................................... 44
Termination - receiving distress ....................................................................................................................... 44
Warnings - receiving distress ........................................................................................................................... 44
Tasks - sending non distress ............................................................................................................................. 44
Display - sending non distress .......................................................................................................................... 44
Handling received DSC messages - sending non distress ................................................................................ 44
Alarms - sending non distress........................................................................................................................... 44
Automated tuning - sending non distress ......................................................................................................... 45
Delayed acknowledgements - sending non distress.......................................................................................... 45
Termination - sending non distress................................................................................................................... 45
Warnings - sending non distress ....................................................................................................................... 45
ETSI
7
10.42
10.43
10.44
10.45
10.46
10.47
10.48
10.49
10.50
10.51
10.52
10.53
10.54
10.55
10.56
10.57
10.58
10.59
10.60
11
11.1
11.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Tasks - receiving non distress........................................................................................................................... 45
Display - receiving non distress ....................................................................................................................... 45
Handling received DSC messages - receiving non distress .............................................................................. 45
Alarms - receiving non distress ........................................................................................................................ 45
Automated tuning - receiving non distress ....................................................................................................... 45
Acknowledgements - receiving non distress .................................................................................................... 45
Termination - receiving non distress ................................................................................................................ 45
Warnings - receiving non distress .................................................................................................................... 45
Communication automated procedure .............................................................................................................. 46
Tasks - communication .................................................................................................................................... 46
Display - communication ................................................................................................................................. 46
Handling received DSC messages - communication ........................................................................................ 46
Tuning of the receiver and transmitter - communication ................................................................................. 46
Termination - communication .......................................................................................................................... 46
Tasks of handling incoming calls while engaged ............................................................................................. 46
Termination of automated procedures .............................................................................................................. 46
Actions after termination of an automated procedure ...................................................................................... 46
Putting automated procedures on hold ............................................................................................................. 46
Controlling non-terminated automated procedures on hold ............................................................................. 46
Testing for compliance with technical requirements..............................................................................47
Environmental conditions for testing ............................................................................................................... 47
Interpretation of the measurement results ........................................................................................................ 47
Annex A (informative):
Relationship between the present document and the essential
requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU .........................................................48
Annex B (normative):
Measuring receiver for adjacent channel power measurement.................51
B.1
B.1.0
B.1.1
B.1.2
B.1.3
B.1.4
Power measuring receiver specification .................................................................................................51
General ............................................................................................................................................................. 51
IF filter ............................................................................................................................................................. 51
Attenuation indicator ........................................................................................................................................ 52
Rms value indicator .......................................................................................................................................... 52
Oscillator and amplifier .................................................................................................................................... 52
Annex C (informative):
C.1
DSC test calls ..................................................................................................53
Interoperability tests ...............................................................................................................................53
Annex D (informative):
Change history ...............................................................................................54
History ..............................................................................................................................................................55
ETSI
8
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Intellectual Property Rights
IPRs essential or potentially essential to the present document may have been declared to ETSI. The information
pertaining to these essential IPRs, if any, is publicly available for ETSI members and non-members, and can be found
in ETSI SR 000 314: "Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs); Essential, or potentially Essential, IPRs notified to ETSI in
respect of ETSI standards", which is available from the ETSI Secretariat. Latest updates are available on the ETSI Web
server (https://ipr.etsi.org/).
Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. No guarantee
can be given as to the existence of other IPRs not referenced in ETSI SR 000 314 (or the updates on the ETSI Web
server) which are, or may be, or may become, essential to the present document.
Foreword
This Harmonised European Standard (EN) has been produced by ETSI Technical Committee Electromagnetic
compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM).
The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.8] to
provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation
of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing
Directive 1999/5/EC [i.5].
Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with
the normative clauses of the present document given in tables A.1 and A.2 confers, within the limits of the scope of the
present document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and
associated EFTA regulations.
National transposition dates
Date of latest announcement of this EN (doa):
31 July 2017
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this EN (dop/e):
31 January 2018
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow):
31 January 2019
Modal verbs terminology
In the present document "shall", "shall not", "should", "should not", "may", "need not", "will", "will not", "can" and
"cannot" are to be interpreted as described in clause 3.2 of the ETSI Drafting Rules (Verbal forms for the expression of
provisions).
"must" and "must not" are NOT allowed in ETSI deliverables except when used in direct citation.
ETSI
9
1
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Scope
The present document states the minimum technical characteristics and methods of measurement required for portable
Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephones with integrated handheld class H DSC operating in certain frequency
bands allocated to the maritime mobile service using either 25 kHz channels or 25 kHz and 12,5 kHz channels. The
present document does not cover requirements for the integrated GNSS receiver providing locating function.
The present document also specifies technical characteristics, methods of measurement and required test results.
The present document covers the essential requirements of articles 3.2 and 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU [i.5] under
the conditions identified in annex A.
2
References
2.1
Normative references
References are specific, identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number. Only the cited
version applies.
Referenced documents which are not found to be publicly available in the expected location might be found at
https://docbox.etsi.org/Reference/.
NOTE:
While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee
their long term validity.
The following referenced documents are necessary for the application of the present document.
[1]
ITU Radio Regulations (2016), appendix 18: "Table of transmitting frequencies in the VHF
maritime mobile band".
[2]
Recommendation ITU-T E.161 (2001): "Arrangement of digits, letters and symbols on telephones
and other devices that can be used for gaining access to a telephone network".
[3]
Recommendation ITU-R M.493-14 (2015): "Digital selective-calling system for use in the
maritime mobile service".
[4]
ETSI EN 300 225 (V1.5.1) (12-2015): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Technical characteristics and methods of measurement for survival craft portable
VHF radiotelephone apparatus".
[5]
Recommendation ITU-R M.1084-5 (2012): "Interim solutions for improved efficiency in the use
of the band 156-174 MHz by stations in the maritime mobile service".
[6]
ETSI EN 300 338-5 (V1.2.1) (02-2017) : "Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
for equipment for generation, transmission and reception of Digital Selective Calling (DSC) in the
maritime MF, MF/HF and/or VHF mobile service; Part 5: Handheld VHF Class H DSC".
[7]
CENELEC EN 61108 (all parts) (1998 - 2003 - 2004 - 2010): "Maritime navigation and
radiocommunication equipment and systems - Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS)".
[8]
CENELEC EN 60529:1991/A2:2013: "Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)".
[9]
ETSI TS 103 052 (V1.1.1) (03-2011): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters
(ERM); Radiated measurement methods and general arrangements for test sites up to 100 GHz".
ETSI
10
2.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Informative references
References are either specific (identified by date of publication and/or edition number or version number) or
non-specific. For specific references, only the cited version applies. For non-specific references, the latest version of the
referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
NOTE:
While any hyperlinks included in this clause were valid at the time of publication, ETSI cannot guarantee
their long term validity.
The following referenced documents are not necessary for the application of the present document but they assist the
user with regard to a particular subject area.
[i.1]
ETSI TS 101 570-5 (V1.1.1): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM);
Interoperability Testing for Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Radios; Part 5: Handheld
VHF Class D Test Descriptions".
[i.2]
Recommendation ITU-R M.541-10 (2015): "Operational procedures for the use of digital
selective-calling equipment in the maritime mobile service".
[i.3]
Recommendation ITU-T O.41 (1994): "Psophometer for use on telephone-type circuits".
[i.4]
Recommendation ITU-R SM.332-4 (1978): "Selectivity of receivers".
[i.5]
Directive 2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on the
harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of
radio equipment and repealing Directive 1999/5/EC.
[i.6]
ETSI TR 100 028-1 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;
Part 1".
[i.7]
ETSI TR 100 028-2 (V1.4.1) (12-2001): "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum
Matters (ERM); Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment characteristics;
Part 2".
[i.8]
Commission Implementing Decision C(2015) 5376 final of 4.8.2015 on a standardisation request
to the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation and to the European
Telecommunications Standards Institute as regards radio equipment in support of Directive
2014/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council.
3
Definitions, symbols and abbreviations
3.1
Definitions
For the purposes of the present document, the following terms and definitions apply:
block: to inhibit a function by making it inaccessible from the user interface
detachable antenna: antenna fixed to the equipment by means of an antenna connector and detachable by the user
G3E: phase-modulation (frequency modulation with a pre-emphasis of 6 dB/octave) for speech
integral antenna: antenna that is permanently fixed to the equipment and not detachable by the user
modulation index: ratio between the frequency deviation and the modulation frequency
performance check: check of:
•
the transmitter carrier power and frequency; and
•
receiver sensitivity
ETSI
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3.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Symbols
For the purposes of the present document, the following symbols apply:
dBA
3.3
Relative to 2 × 10-5 Pa
Abbreviations
For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:
ad
AIS
CSP
DC
DSC
EFTA
emf
EU
EUT
fd
FM
FSK
GNSS
GPS
IF
ITU-R
ITU-T
MPFD
RBW
RF
rms
RT
SINAD
VHF
amplitude difference
Automatic Identification System
Channel SPacing
Direct Current
Digital Selective Calling
European Free Trade Association
electromotive force
European Union
Equipment Under Test
frequency difference
Frequency Modulation
Frequency Shift Keying
Global Navigation Satellite System
Global Positioning System
Intermediate Frequency
International Telecommunication Union - Radiocommunication Sector
International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Sector
Maximum Permissible Frequency Deviation
Reference BandWidth
Radio Frequency
root mean square
Radio Telephony
(Signal + Noise + Distortion)/(Noise + Distortion)
Very High Frequency
4
General and operational requirements
4.0
Conformance
The manufacturer shall declare that compliance to the requirements of clause 4 is achieved and shall provide relevant
documentation.
4.1
Construction
The mechanical and electrical construction and finish of the equipment shall conform in all respects to good engineering
practice, and the equipment shall be suitable for use on board ships.
All controls shall be of sufficient size to enable the usual control functions to be easily performed and the number of
controls should be the minimum necessary for simple and satisfactory operation.
All parts of the equipment to be checked during inspection or maintenance operations shall be readily accessible. The
components shall be readily identifiable.
Technical documentation shall be supplied with the equipment.
The VHF maritime mobile service uses both single-frequency and two-frequency channels. For two-frequency channels
there shall be a separation of 4,6 MHz between the transmitting frequency and the receiving frequency (see ITU Radio
Regulations appendix 18 [1]).
ETSI
12
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The equipment shall incorporate an integrated GNSS receiver. Manufacturers shall provide evidence that the GNSS
device complies with the applicable part of CENELEC 61108 series [7], i.e. part 1 for a GPS receiver, part 2 for a
GLONASS receiver and part 3 for a Galileo receiver.
The equipment shall have minimum protection levels of IP54 as specified in clauses 5 and 6 of CENELEC
EN 60529 [8].
The equipment shall be capable of operating on single frequency and two-frequency channels with manual control
(simplex).
The equipment shall be of a colour which distinguishes it from the portable VHF equipment specified in ETSI
EN 300 225 [4].
The equipment shall be able to operate on appropriate channels defined in ITU Radio Regulations, appendix 18 [1],
noting in particular footnotes m) and e).
Additional VHF channels for maritime use outside those defined by Appendix 18 to the Radio Regulations may also be
provided where permitted by relevant administrations. These channels shall be clearly identified for use as relating to the
relevant administration(s) and accessed through a positive action(s) for enabling use of these channel(s) but means shall be
provided to block any or all of these additional channels if required by the relevant administration(s).
If 12,5 kHz channels are implemented in the equipment it shall be in accordance with annex 4 of Recommendation
ITU-R M.1084-5 [5].
The equipment shall be so designed that use of channel 70 for purposes other than DSC is prevented (see
Recommendations ITU-R M.493-14 [3] and M.541-10 [i.2]), and that use of channels AIS1 and AIS2 for purposes other
than AIS is prevented.
Scan or multiple watch may be provided but means shall be provided to block or unblock these functions.
If the equipment is fitted with an auxiliary antenna connector, simultaneous connection of both the auxiliary antenna
and the normal antenna shall be prevented.
It shall not be possible to transmit while any frequency synthesizer used within the transmitter is out of lock.
It shall not be possible to transmit during channel switching operations.
4.2
Controls and indicators
The equipment shall have a channel selector and shall indicate the designator, as shown in ITU Radio Regulations,
appendix 18 [1], of the channel at which the equipment is set. The channel designator shall be legible irrespective of the
external lighting conditions.
Channel 16 shall be distinctively marked. Selection of channel 16, shall be preferably by readily accessible means
(e.g. a distinctively marked key). Selection of channel 16 by any means shall automatically set the transmitter output
power to maximum. This power level may subsequently be reduced by manual user control if required.
Where an input panel on the equipment for entering the digits 0 to 9 is provided, this shall conform to Recommendation
ITU-T E.161 [2].
The equipment shall have the following additional controls and indicators:
•
on/off switch for the equipment with a visual indication that the equipment is in operation;
•
a manual, non-locking push to talk switch to operate the transmitter with a visual indication that the transmitter
is activated and facilities to limit the transmission time to a maximum of 5 minutes. A short audible alarm and
a visual indication may be provided to show when the transmission will be automatically terminated within the
next 10 s. It shall be possible to reoperate the push to talk switch and reactivate the transmitter after a 10 s
period;
•
a switch for reducing transmitter output power to no more than 1 W where the RF output power is more than
1 W;
•
an audio frequency power volume control;
ETSI
13
•
a squelch control;
•
a visual indication that the transmitter is activated.
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The equipment shall also meet the following requirements:
•
4.3
the user shall not have access to any control which, if wrongly set, might impair the technical characteristics of
the equipment.
Microphone and loudspeaker
The equipment shall be fitted with an integral microphone and an integral loudspeaker.
During transmission the receiver output shall be muted.
4.4
Safety precautions
Measures shall be taken to protect the equipment against the effects of overcurrent or overvoltage.
Measures shall be taken to prevent damage to the equipment that might arise from an accidental reversal of polarity of
the electrical power source.
No damage to the equipment shall occur when the antenna terminals are placed on open circuit or short circuit while
transmitting for a period of at least 5 minutes in each case.
In order to provide protection against damage due to the build-up of static voltages at the antenna terminals, there shall
be a dc path from the antenna terminals to chassis not exceeding 100 kΩ.
The information in any volatile memory device shall be protected from interruptions in the power supply of up to 60 s
duration.
4.5
Labelling
All controls, instruments, indicators and terminals shall be clearly labelled.
Details of any external power supply from which the equipment is intended to operate shall be clearly indicated on the
equipment.
The compass safe distance shall be stated on the equipment.
5
Technical requirements
5.0
Conformance
The manufacturer shall declare that compliance to the requirements of clause 5 is achieved and shall provide relevant
documentation.
5.1
Switching time
The channel switching arrangement shall be such that the time necessary to change over from using one of the channels
to using any other channel does not exceed 5 s.
The time necessary to change over from transmission to reception or vice versa, shall not exceed 0,3 s.
ETSI
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5.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Class of emission and modulation characteristics
The equipment shall use phase modulation, G3E (frequency modulation with a pre-emphasis of 6 dB/octave) for speech
and G2B for DSC signalling.
The equipment shall be designed to operate satisfactorily with channel separations of either 25 kHz or 12,5 kHz and
25 kHz.
5.3
Battery capacity
The equipment shall have a minimum operating time of 4 hours with a 80, 10, 10 duty cycle (80 % Standby, 10 % Tx
and 10 % Rx) at normal temperature (clause 6.9.1).
The minimum operating time shall be met when:
•
the battery is fully charged; or
•
when new dry cells are installed (when appropriate).
5.4
DSC functionality
The equipment shall comply with ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] for all aspects of DSC functionality.
Continuous monitoring of channel 70 for DSC reception purposes shall be provided and the equipment shall comply
with all applicable DSC receive clauses of the present document while the transmitter is not active.
6
General conditions of measurement
6.1
Arrangements for RF connections to the equipment
6.1.1
RF connections to integral antenna equipment
For equipment without an antenna connector, the manufacturer shall prepare the equipment with a temporary 50 Ω
connector to be used as the RF input/output port.
6.1.2
RF connection to equipment with a detachable antenna
Equipment having an antenna connector shall be tested using the antenna connector as the RF input/output port.
In the case where equipment has more than one antenna connector, the connector normally used to connect the portable
antenna to the equipment shall be used.
6.2
Arrangements for test signals applied to the receiver input
Test signal sources shall be connected to the receiver input in such a way that the impedance presented to the receiver
input is 50 Ω, irrespective of whether one or more test signals are applied to the receiver simultaneously.
The levels of the test signals shall be expressed in terms of the emf at the terminals to be connected to the receiver.
The nominal frequency of the receiver is the carrier frequency of the selected channel.
DSC test signals shall be DSC calls in accordance with tables A1-4.1 to A1-4.9 of Recommendation
ITU-R M.493-14 [3] with a signal level of +6 dBµV (emf). The standard test signal for a VHF DSC decoder shall be a
phase-modulated signal at VHF channel 70 with modulation index = 2. The modulating signal shall have a nominal
frequency of 1 700 Hz and a frequency shift of ±400 Hz with a modulation rate of 1 200 baud.
ETSI
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6.3
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Squelch
Unless otherwise specified, the receiver squelch facility shall be made inoperative for the duration of the conformance
tests.
6.4
Normal test modulation
For normal test modulation, the modulation frequency shall be:
•
25 kHz channels: 1 kHz and the frequency deviation shall be ±3 kHz.
•
12,5 kHz channels: 1 kHz and the frequency deviation shall be ±1,5 kHz.
For DSC conformance testing and maintenance purposes, the equipment shall have facilities not accessible to the
operator to generate a continuous B or Y signal and dot pattern.
Additionally for conformance testing, the VHF equipment shall have facilities not accessible to the operator for
generating an unmodulated carrier.
6.5
Artificial antenna
When tests are carried out with an artificial antenna, this shall be a non-reactive, non-radiating 50 Ω load.
6.6
Arrangements for test signals applied to the transmitter
input
For the purpose of the present document, the audio frequency modulating signal applied to the transmitter shall be
produced by a signal generator applied to the connection terminals replacing the microphone transducer.
6.7
Test channels
Conformance tests for 25 kHz channel operation shall be made on channel 16.
Conformance tests for 12,5 kHz channel operation shall be made on channel 276.
Conformance tests for DSC shall be made on channel 70.
6.8
Test conditions, power sources and ambient temperatures
6.8.1
Normal and extreme test conditions
Conformance tests shall be performed under normal test conditions and also, where stated, under extreme test
conditions (clauses 6.10.1 and 6.10.2 applied simultaneously).
6.8.2
Test power source
During conformance testing, the equipment shall be supplied from a test power source capable of producing normal and
extreme test voltages as specified in clauses 6.9.2 and 6.10.2.
The internal impedance of the test power source shall be low enough for its effect on the test results to be negligible.
For the purpose of testing the power source voltage shall be measured at the input terminals of the equipment.
During testing, the power source voltages shall be maintained within a tolerance of ±3 % relative to the voltage level at
the beginning of each test.
ETSI
16
6.9
Normal test conditions
6.9.1
Normal temperature and humidity
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The normal temperature and humidity conditions for tests shall be a combination of temperature and humidity within
the following ranges:
•
temperature:
+15 °C to +35 °C;
•
relative humidity:
20 % to 75 %.
When the relative humidity is lower than 20 %, it shall be stated in the test report.
6.9.2
Normal power sources
6.9.2.1
Battery power source
Where the equipment is designed to operate from a battery, the normal test voltage shall be the nominal voltage of the
battery as declared by the manufacturer.
6.9.2.2
Other power sources
For operation from other power sources the normal test voltage shall be that declared by the manufacturer.
6.10
Extreme test conditions
6.10.0
General
Unless otherwise stated the extreme tests conditions means that the Equipment Under Test (EUT) shall be tested at the
upper temperature and at the upper limit of the supply voltage applied simultaneously, and at the low temperature and
the lower limit of the supply voltage applied simultaneously.
6.10.1
Extreme temperatures
For tests at extreme temperatures, measurements shall be made in accordance with clause 6.11, at a lower temperature
of -15 °C and an upper temperature of +55 °C.
6.10.2
6.10.2.1
Extreme values of test power sources
Battery power source
The upper extreme test voltage shall be the terminal voltage of the battery (fresh primary battery or fully charged
secondary battery) when loaded by the equipment at normal temperature in the receive condition with the squelch
operated to mute the audio.
The lower extreme test voltage shall be 0,85 times the value determined above.
Where equipment can be powered by batteries of differing terminal voltage then the upper extreme test voltage shall be
determined using the highest terminal voltage battery and the lower extreme test voltage shall be 0,85 times the upper
extreme of the lowest terminal voltage battery.
6.10.2.2
Other power sources
For operation from other power sources the extreme test voltages shall be that declared by the equipment manufacturer.
ETSI
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6.11
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Procedure for tests at extreme temperatures
The equipment shall be switched off during the temperature stabilizing periods.
Before conducting tests at the upper temperature, the equipment shall be placed in the test chamber and left until
thermal equilibrium is reached. The equipment shall then be switched on in the high power transmit condition at the
normal voltage until the transmit timeout timer is activated and the equipment is returned to standby mode. The
equipment shall then meet the relevant clauses of the present document.
For tests at the lower temperature, the equipment shall be left in the test chamber until thermal equilibrium is reached
and shall then be switched to the standby or receive position for one minute. The equipment shall then meet the relevant
clauses of the present document.
6.12
Reference Bandwidths for emission measurements
The reference bandwidths used shall be as stated in tables 1 and 2.
Table 1: Reference bandwidths to be used for the measurement of spurious emission
Frequency range
9 kHz to 150 kHz
150 kHz to 30 MHz
30 MHz to 1 GHz
1 GHz to 12,75 GHz
RBW
1 kHz
10 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
Table 2: Reference bandwidths to be used close to the wanted emission
for equipment operating below 1 GHz
Frequency offset from carrier
250 % of the CSP to 100 kHz
100 kHz to 500 kHz
7
Environmental tests
7.1
Procedure
RBW
1 kHz
10 kHz
Environmental tests shall be carried out before testing the same equipment to the other requirements of the present
document. Unless otherwise stated, the equipment shall be connected to an electrical power source during the periods
for which it is specified that electrical tests shall be carried out. These tests shall be performed using the normal test
voltage.
7.2
Performance check
A performance check shall be a check of transmitter frequency error, clause 8.1, transmitter carrier power, clause 8.2
and maximum usable sensitivity, clause 9.3. These performance checks shall only be performed under normal test
conditions.
7.3
Drop test
7.3.1
Definition
This test simulates the effects of a free fall of the equipment onto the deck of a ship resulting from mishandling.
ETSI
18
7.3.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Method of measurement
The test shall consist of a series of 6 drops, one on each surface of the equipment.
The test shall be carried out under normal temperature and humidity.
The test surface shall consist of a piece of solid hard wood with a thickness of at least 150 mm and a mass of 30 kg or
more.
The height of the lowest part of the equipment relative to the test surface at the moment of release shall be
(1 000 ± 10) mm.
The equipment shall be subjected to this test configured for use as in operational circumstances.
At the end of the test the equipment shall be subjected to a performance check and shall then be examined for external
indications of damage. The findings shall be noted in the test report.
7.3.3
Requirement
The equipment shall meet the requirements of the performance check.
There shall be no harmful deterioration of the equipment visible.
The distress alert function shall not be activated.
The protection of the distress alert button shall function as required after the test.
7.4
Temperature tests
7.4.1
Definition
The immunity against the effects of temperature is the ability of the equipment to maintain the specified mechanical and
electrical performance after the following tests has been carried out.
7.4.2
7.4.2.1
Dry heat
Definition
This test determines the ability of equipment to be operated at high ambient temperatures and to operate through
temperature changes.
7.4.2.2
Method of measurement
The EUT shall be placed in a chamber at normal room temperature and relative humidity. The EUT and, if appropriate,
any climatic control devices with which it is provided shall then be switched on. The temperature shall then be raised to
and maintained at (+55 ± 3) °C.
At the end of a soak period of 10 hours to 16 hours at (+55 ± 3) °C, the EUT shall be subjected to the performance
check. The temperature of the chamber shall be maintained at (+55 ± 3) °C during the whole performance check period.
At the end of the test, the EUT shall be returned to normal environmental conditions or to those required at the start of
the next test. The maximum rate of raising or reducing the temperature of the chamber in which the equipment is being
tested shall be 1 °C/minute.
7.4.2.3
Requirement
The equipment shall meet the requirements of the performance check.
ETSI
19
7.4.3
7.4.3.1
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Damp heat
Definition
This test determines the ability of equipment to be operated under conditions of high humidity.
7.4.3.2
Method of measurement
The EUT shall be placed in a chamber at normal room temperature and relative humidity. The temperature shall then be
raised to (+40 ± 2) °C, and the relative humidity raised to (93 ± 3) % over a period of (3 ± 0,5) hour. These conditions
shall be maintained for a period of 10 hours to 16 hours. Any climatic control devices provided in the EUT may be
switched on at the conclusion of this period. The EUT shall be switched on 30 minutes later, or after such period as
agreed by the manufacturer, and shall be kept operational for at least 2 hours during which period the EUT shall be
subjected to the performance check once. The temperature and relative humidity of the chamber shall be maintained as
specified during the whole test period. At the end of the test period and with the EUT still in the chamber, the chamber
shall be brought to room temperature in not less than 1 hour. At the end of the test the EUT shall be returned to normal
environmental conditions or to those required at the start of the next test. The maximum rate of raising or reducing the
temperature of the chamber in which the equipment is being tested shall be 1 °C/minute.
7.4.3.3
Requirement
The equipment shall meet the requirements of the performance check.
7.4.4
7.4.4.1
Low temperature cycle
Definition
These tests determine the ability of equipment to be operated at low temperatures. They also allow equipment to
demonstrate an ability to start up at low ambient temperatures.
7.4.4.2
Method of measurement
The EUT shall be placed in a chamber at normal room temperature and relative humidity. The temperature shall then be
reduced to and maintained at (-15 ± 3) °C, for a period of 10 hours to 16 hours. Any climatic control devices provided
in the EUT may be switched on at the conclusion of this period. The EUT shall be switched on 30 minutes later, and
shall be kept operational for at least 2 hours during which period the EUT shall be subjected to the performance check
once. The temperature of the chamber shall be maintained at (-15 ± 3) °C during the whole test period. At the end of the
test the EUT shall be returned to normal environmental conditions or to those required at the start of the next test. The
maximum rate of raising or reducing the temperature of the chamber in which the equipment is being tested shall be
1 °C/minute.
7.4.4.3
Requirement
The equipment shall meet the requirements of the performance check.
ETSI
20
8
Transmitter
8.0
General
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
All tests on the transmitter shall be carried out with the output power switch set at its maximum except where otherwise
stated.
8.1
Frequency error
8.1.1
Definition
The frequency error is the difference between the measured carrier frequency and its nominal value.
8.1.2
Method of measurement
The carrier frequency shall be measured in the absence of modulation, with the transmitter connected to an artificial
antenna (clause 6.5). Measurements shall be made under normal test conditions (clause 6.9) and under extreme test
conditions (clause 6.10).
This test shall be carried out with the output power switch being set at both maximum and minimum.
8.1.3
Limits
The frequency error shall be within ±1,5 kHz.
8.2
Carrier power
8.2.1
Definitions
The carrier power is the mean power delivered to the artificial antenna during one radio frequency cycle in the absence
of modulation.
The rated output power is the carrier power declared by the manufacturer.
8.2.2
Method of measurement
The transmitter shall be connected to an artificial antenna (clause 6.5) and the power delivered to this artificial antenna
shall be measured. The measurements shall be made under normal test conditions (clause 6.9) and also under extreme
test conditions (clause 6.10) on the highest frequency channel, the lowest frequency channel and on channel 16.
8.2.3
Limits, Normal and extreme test conditions
The maximum rated output power shall be between 3W and 6W.
The carrier power on the appendix 18 channels, ITU Radio Regulations, appendix 18 [1], with the output power switch
(clause 4.2) set at maximum, shall be between 3 W and 6 W.
With the output power switch at minimum, the carrier power shall be between 0,1 W and 1 W.
ETSI
21
8.3
Frequency deviation
8.3.1
Definition
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
For the purpose of the present document, the frequency deviation is the difference between the instantaneous frequency
of the modulated radio frequency signal and the carrier frequency.
8.3.2
Maximum permissible frequency deviation
8.3.2.1
Method of measurement
The frequency deviation shall be measured at the output with the transmitter connected to an artificial antenna
(clause 6.5), by means of a deviation meter capable of measuring the maximum deviation, including that due to any
harmonics and intermodulation products which may be generated in the transmitter.
The modulation frequency shall be varied between 300 Hz and 3 kHz. The level of this test signal shall be 20 dB above
the level which produces normal test modulation (clause 6.4). This test shall be repeated with the output power switch
set at maximum and minimum.
8.3.2.2
Limits
The maximum permissible frequency deviation shall be:
•
25 kHz channels:
±5 kHz.
•
12,5 kHz channels:
±2,5 kHz.
8.3.3
8.3.3.1
Reduction of frequency deviation at modulation frequencies above
3 kHz
Method of measurement
The transmitter shall be operated under normal test conditions (clause 6.9) connected to a load as specified in
clause 6.5. The transmitter shall be modulated by the normal test modulation (clause 6.4). With the input level of the
modulation signal being kept constant, the modulation frequency shall be varied between 3 kHz (see note) and a
frequency equal to the channel separation for which the equipment is intended and the frequency deviation shall be
measured.
NOTE:
8.3.3.2
2,55 kHz for transmitters intended for 12,5 kHz channel separation.
Limits
The frequency deviation at modulation frequencies between 3,0 kHz (for equipment operating with 25 kHz channel
separations) or 2,55 kHz (for equipment operating with 12,5 kHz channel separation) and 6,0 kHz shall not exceed the
frequency deviation at a modulation frequency of 3,0 kHz / 2,55 kHz. At 6,0 kHz the deviation shall be not more than
30,0 % of the maximum permissible frequency deviation.
The frequency deviation at modulation frequencies between 6,0 kHz and a frequency equal to the channel separation for
which the equipment is intended shall not exceed that given by a linear representation of the frequency deviation (dB)
relative to the modulation frequency, starting at the 6,0 kHz limit and having a slope of -14,0 dB per octave. These
limits are illustrated in figure 1.
ETSI
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
MPFD
A
30%
MPFD
-14
dB/
oct.
-14
f
1
Frequency deviation
f
6 kHz
2
dB/
oct.
fcs
Audio frequency
NOTE:
Abbreviations:
f1
lowest appropriate frequency
f2
3,0 kHz (for 25 kHz channel separation), or
2,55 kHz (for 12,5 kHz channel separation)
MPFD
maximum permissible frequency deviation, clause 8.3.2.1
A
measured frequency deviation at f2
fcs
frequency equal to channel separation
Figure 1: Frequency deviation
8.4
Sensitivity of the modulator, including microphone
8.4.1
Definition
This characteristic expresses the capability of the transmitter to produce sufficient modulation when an audio frequency
signal corresponding to the normal mean speech level is applied to the microphone.
8.4.2
Method of measurement
A 25 kHz channel shall be selected and the transmitter activated. An acoustic signal with a frequency of 1 kHz and
sound level of 94 dBA shall be applied to the microphone. The resulting deviation shall be measured.
8.4.3
Limits
The resulting frequency deviation shall be between ±1,5 kHz and ±3 kHz.
8.5
Audio frequency response
8.5.1
Definition
The audio frequency response is the frequency deviation of the transmitter as a function of the modulating frequency.
ETSI
23
8.5.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Method of measurement
A modulating signal at a frequency of 1 kHz shall be applied to the transmitter and the deviation shall be measured at
the output. The audio input level shall be adjusted so that the frequency deviation is ±1 kHz. This is the reference point
in figure 2 (1 kHz corresponds to 0 dB).
The modulation frequency shall then be varied between 300 Hz and 3 kHz (see note), with the level of the audio
frequency signal being kept constant and equal to the value specified above.
The test shall be carried out on one channel only (see clause 6.6).
NOTE:
2,55 kHz for transmitters intended for 12,5 kHz channel separation.
The test shall be carried out on one channel only (see clause 6.7).
8.5.3
Limit
The audio frequency response shall be within +1 dB and -3 dB of a 6 dB/octave line passing through the reference point
(see figure 2). The upper limit frequency shall be 2,55 kHz for 12,5 kHz channels.
14
12
8
6
4
to 1 k H z )
F r e q u e n c y d e v ia tio n ( d B r e la t iv e
10
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
-12
-14
0 ,3
0 ,5
1
Modulating frequency
Figure 2: Audio frequency response
ETSI
2
3
kHz
24
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
8.6
Audio frequency harmonic distortion of the emission
8.6.1
Definition
The harmonic distortion of the emission modulated by an audio frequency signal is defined as the ratio, expressed as a
percentage, of the root mean square (rms) voltage of all the harmonic components of the fundamental modulation
frequency to the total rms voltage of the modulation signal after linear demodulation.
8.6.2
8.6.2.0
Method of measurement
General
The RF signal produced by the transmitter shall be applied via an appropriate coupling device to a linear demodulator
with a de-emphasis network of 6 dB per octave. This test shall be carried out on a 25 kHz channel with the output
power switch at both maximum and minimum.
8.6.2.1
Normal test conditions
Under normal test conditions (clause 6.9) the RF signal shall be modulated successively at frequencies of 300 Hz,
500 Hz and 1 kHz with a constant modulation index of 3.
The distortion of the audio frequency signal shall be measured at all the frequencies specified above.
8.6.2.2
Extreme test conditions
Under extreme test conditions (clauses 6.10.1 and 6.10.2 applied simultaneously), the measurements shall be carried out
at 1 kHz with a frequency deviation of ±3 kHz.
8.6.3
Limits
The harmonic distortion shall not exceed 10 %.
8.7
Adjacent channel power
8.7.1
Definition
The adjacent channel power is that part of the total power output of a transmitter under defined conditions of
modulation, which falls within a specified passband centred on the nominal frequency of either of the adjacent channels.
This power is the sum of the mean power produced by the modulation, hum and noise of the transmitter.
8.7.2
Method of measurement
The test shall be made on the lowest frequency channel, the highest frequency channel and on channel 16.
The adjacent channel power can be measured with a power measuring receiver which conforms to annex B (referred to
in this clause and annex B as the "receiver") see also Recommendation ITU-R SM.332-4 [i.4]:
a)
The transmitter shall be operated at the carrier power determined in clause 8.2 under normal test conditions.
The output of the transmitter shall be linked to the input of the "receiver" by a connecting device such that the
impedance presented to the transmitter is 50 Ω and the level at the "receiver" input is appropriate.
b)
With the transmitter unmodulated, the tuning of the "receiver" shall be adjusted so that a maximum response is
obtained. This is the 0 dB response point. The "receiver" attenuator setting and the reading of the meter shall
be recorded.
The measurement may be made with the transmitter modulated with normal test modulation, in which case this
fact shall be recorded with the test results.
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
c)
The tuning of the "receiver" shall be adjusted away from the carrier so that the "receiver" -6 dB response
nearest to the transmitter carrier frequency is located at a displacement from the nominal carrier frequency of
17 kHz for 25 kHz channels or 8,25 kHz for 12,5 kHz channels.
d)
The transmitter shall be modulated with 1,25 kHz at a level which is 20 dB higher than that required to
produce ±3 kHz deviation for 25 kHz channels or ±1,5 kHz deviation for 12,5 kHz channels.
e)
The "receiver" variable attenuator shall be adjusted to obtain the same meter reading as in step b) or a known
relation to it.
f)
The ratio of adjacent channel power to carrier power is the difference between the attenuator settings in
steps b) and e), corrected for any differences in the reading of the meter.
g)
The measurement shall be repeated with the "receiver" tuned to the other side of the carrier.
8.7.3
Limits
The adjacent channel power shall not exceed a value of:
•
25 kHz channel: 70 dB below the carrier power of the transmitter without any need to be below the spurious
emission limit of 0,25 µW.
•
12,5 kHz channel: 60 dB below the carrier power of the transmitter without any need to be below the spurious
emission limit of 0,25 µW.
8.8
Conducted spurious emissions conveyed to the antenna
8.8.1
Definition
Conducted spurious emissions are emissions on a frequency or frequencies which are outside the necessary bandwidth
and the level of which may be reduced without affecting the corresponding transmission of information. Spurious
emissions include harmonic emissions, parasitic emissions, intermodulation products and frequency conversion
products, but exclude out of band emissions.
8.8.2
Method of measurement
Conducted spurious emissions shall be measured with the unmodulated transmitter connected to the artificial antenna
(clause 6.5).
The measurements shall be made over a range from 9 kHz to 2 GHz, excluding the channel on which the transmitter is
operating and its adjacent channels.
The measurements for each spurious emission shall be made using a tuned radio measuring instrument or a spectrum
analyser.
8.8.3
Limit
The power of any conducted spurious emission on any discrete frequency shall not exceed 0,25 µW.
8.9
Cabinet radiation and conducted spurious emissions other
than those conveyed to the antenna
8.9.1
Definitions
Cabinet radiation consists of emissions at frequencies, other than those of the carrier and the sideband components
resulting from the wanted modulation process, which are radiated by the equipment cabinet and structures.
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Conducted spurious emissions other than those conveyed to the antenna are emissions at frequencies, other than those
of the carrier and the sideband components resulting from the wanted modulation process, which are produced by
conduction in the wiring and accessories used with the equipment.
Integral antenna equipment shall be tested with the normal antenna fitted and the carrier frequency emission shall be
filtered as described in the method of measurement.
8.9.2
Method of measurement
On a test site, selected from clause 5 of ETSI TS 103 052 [9], the equipment shall be placed at the specified height on a
non-conducting support and in a position which is closest to normal use as declared by the manufacturer.
The transmitter antenna connector shall be connected to an artificial antenna, clause 6.5.
The test antenna shall be orientated for vertical polarization and the length of the test antenna shall be chosen to
correspond to the instantaneous frequency of the measuring receiver, or a suitable broadband antenna may be used.
The output of the test antenna shall be connected to a measuring receiver.
For integral antenna equipment testing, a filter shall be inserted between the test antenna and the measuring receiver.
For the measurement of spurious emissions below the second harmonic of the carrier frequency the filter used shall be a
high Q (notch) filter centred on the transmitter carrier frequency and attenuating this signal by at least 30 dB. For the
measurement of spurious emissions at and above the second harmonic of the carrier frequency the filter used shall be a
high pass filter with a stop band rejection exceeding 40 dB and the cut off frequency of this high pass filter shall be
approximately 1,5 times the transmitter carrier frequency.
The transmitter shall be switched on without modulation, and the measuring receiver shall be tuned over the frequency
range 30 MHz to 2 GHz, except for the channel on which the transmitter is intended to operate and its adjacent
channels.
At each frequency at which a spurious component is detected:
a)
the test antenna shall be raised and lowered through the specified range of heights until a maximum signal
level is detected on the measuring receiver;
b)
the transmitter shall be rotated through 360° in the horizontal plane, until the maximum signal level is detected
by the measuring receiver;
c)
the maximum signal level detected by the measuring receiver shall be noted;
d)
the transmitter shall be replaced by a substitution antenna as defined in clause 5.3.2 of ETSI TS 103 052 [9];
e)
the substitution antenna shall be orientated for vertical polarization and the length of the substitution antenna
shall be adjusted to correspond to the frequency of the spurious component detected;
f)
the substitution antenna shall be connected to a calibrated signal generator;
g)
the frequency of the calibrated signal generator shall be set to the frequency of the spurious component
detected;
h)
the input attenuator setting of the measuring receiver shall be adjusted in order to increase the sensitivity of the
measuring receiver, if necessary;
i)
the test antenna shall be raised and lowered through the specified range of heights to ensure that the maximum
signal is received;
j)
the input signal to the substitution antenna shall be adjusted to the level that produces a level detected by the
measuring receiver that is equal to the level noted while the spurious component was measured, corrected for
the change of input attenuator setting of the measuring receiver;
k)
the input level to the substitution antenna shall be recorded as power level, corrected for the change of input
attenuator setting of the measuring receiver;
l)
the measurement shall also be taken with the test antenna and the substitution antenna orientated for horizontal
polarization;
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
m)
the effective radiated power of the spurious component is the larger of the two power levels recorded for that
spurious component at the input to the substitution antenna, corrected to compensate for the gain of the
antenna if necessary;
n)
the measurements shall be repeated with the transmitter in stand-by mode.
8.9.3
Limits
With the transmitter in stand-by mode the cabinet radiation and spurious emissions shall not exceed 2 nW.
With the transmitter in operation the cabinet radiation and spurious emissions shall not exceed 0,25 µW.
8.10
Residual modulation of the transmitter
8.10.1
Definition
The residual modulation of the transmitter is the ratio, in dB, of the demodulated RF signal in the absence of wanted
modulation, to the demodulated RF signal produced when the normal test modulation is applied.
8.10.2
Method of measurement
The normal test modulation defined in clause 6.4 shall be applied to the transmitter. The high frequency signal produced
by the transmitter shall be applied, via an appropriate coupling device, to a linear demodulator with a de-emphasis
network of 6 dB per octave. The time constant of this de-emphasis network shall be at least 750 µs.
Precautions shall be taken to avoid the effects of emphasizing the low audio frequencies produced by internal noise.
The signal shall be measured at the demodulator output using an rms voltmeter.
The modulation shall then be switched off and the level of the residual audio frequency signal at the output shall be
measured again.
8.10.3
Limit
The residual modulation shall not exceed -40 dB on either 25 kHz or 12,5 kHz channels.
8.11
Transient frequency behaviour of the transmitter
8.11.1
Definitions
The transient frequency behaviour of the transmitter is the variation in time of the difference between the instantaneous
transmitter frequency and the nominal frequency of the transmitter when the RF output power is switched on and off:
•
ton: according to the method of measurement described in clause 8.11.2 the switch-on instant ton of a
transmitter is defined by the condition when the output power, measured at the antenna terminal, exceeds
0,1 % of the nominal power;
•
t1:
period of time starting at ton and finishing according to table 3;
•
t2:
period of time starting at the end of t1 and finishing according to table 3;
•
toff: switch-off instant defined by the condition when the nominal power falls below 0,1 % of the nominal
power;
•
t3:
period of time finishing at toff and starting according to table 3.
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Table 3: transient timings
NOTE:
8.11.2
t1 (ms)
5,0
t2 (ms)
20,0
t3 (ms)
5,0
During the periods t1 and t3 the frequency difference shall not
exceed the value of 25 kHz. During the period t2 the frequency
difference shall not exceed the value of 12,5 kHz.
Method of measurement
50 Ω power attenuator
Test
discriminator
Transmitter
under test
(ad)
(fd)
Storage
oscilloscope
Combining network
Test signal
generator
Figure 3: Measurement arrangement
Two signals shall be connected to the test discriminator via a combining network.
The transmitter shall be connected to a 50 Ω power attenuator.
The output of the power attenuator shall be connected to the test discriminator via one input of the combining network.
A test signal generator shall be connected to the second input of the combining network.
The test signal shall be adjusted to the nominal frequency of the transmitter.
The test signal shall be modulated by a frequency of 1 kHz with a deviation of ±25 kHz.
The test signal level shall be adjusted to correspond to 0,1 % of the power of the transmitter under test measured at the
input of the test discriminator. This level shall be maintained throughout the measurement.
The amplitude difference (ad) and the frequency difference (fd) output of the test discriminator shall be connected to a
storage oscilloscope.
The storage oscilloscope shall be set to display the channel corresponding to the frequency difference (fd) input up
to ±1 channel frequency difference, corresponding to the relevant channel separation from the nominal frequency.
The storage oscilloscope shall be set to a sweep rate of 10 ms/division and set so that the triggering occurs at 1 division
from the left edge of the display.
The display shows the 1 kHz test signal continuously.
The storage oscilloscope shall then be set to trigger on the channel corresponding to the amplitude difference (ad) input
at a low input level, rising.
The transmitter shall then be switched on, without modulation, to produce the trigger pulse and a picture on the display.
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The result of the change in the ratio of power between the test signal and the transmitter output, due to the capture ratio
of the test discriminator, produces two separate sides on the picture, one showing the 1 kHz test signal, the other the
frequency difference of the transmitter versus time:
•
the moment when the 1 kHz test signal is completely suppressed is considered to provide ton;
•
the periods of time t1 and t2 as defined in table 3 shall be used to define the appropriate template;
•
the result shall be recorded as frequency difference versus time;
•
the transmitter shall remain switched on.
The storage oscilloscope shall be set to trigger on the channel corresponding to the amplitude difference (ad) input at a
high input level, decaying and set so that the triggering occurs at 1 division from the right edge of the display:
•
the transmitter shall then be switched off;
•
the moment when the 1 kHz test signal starts to rise is considered to provide toff;
•
the period of time t3 as defined in table 3 shall be used to define the appropriate template;
•
the result shall be recorded as frequency difference versus time.
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Δ
Δ
Figure 4
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
31
8.11.3
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Limits
•
During the period of time t1 the frequency difference shall not exceed the value of 25 kHz.
•
During the period of time t2 the frequency difference shall not exceed the value of 12,5 kHz.
•
The frequency difference, after t2, shall not exceed the value of 1,5 kHz.
•
Before the start of t3 the frequency difference shall not exceed the value of 1,5 kHz.
•
During the period of time t3 the frequency difference shall not exceed the value of 25 kHz.
8.12
Frequency error (demodulated DSC signal)
8.12.1
Definition
The frequency error for the B- and the Y-state is the difference between the measured frequency from the demodulator
and the nominal values.
8.12.2
Method of measurement
The transmitter shall be connected to the artificial antenna as specified in clause 6.5 and a suitable FM demodulator.
The transmitter shall be set to channel 70.
The transmitter shall be set to transmit a continuous B- or Y- state.
The measurement shall be performed by measuring the demodulated output, for both the continuous B- and Y-state.
The measurements shall be carried out under normal test conditions (see clause 6.9) and extreme test conditions
(see clauses 6.10.1 and 6.10.2 applied simultaneously).
8.12.3
Limits
The measured frequency from the demodulator at any time for the B-state shall be within 2 100 Hz ± 10 Hz and for the
Y-state within 1 300 Hz ± 10 Hz.
8.13
Modulation index for DSC
8.13.1
Definition
This test measures the modulation index in the B and Y states.
8.13.2
Method of measurement
The transmitter shall be set to transmit continuous B and then Y signals. The frequency deviations shall be measured.
8.13.3
Limits
The modulation index shall be 2,0 ± 10 %.
8.14
Modulation rate for DSC
8.14.1
Definition
The modulation rate is the bit stream speed measured in bit/s.
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8.14.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Method of measurement
The transmitter shall be set to transmit continuous dot pattern.
The RF output terminal of the transmitter, suitably attenuated, shall be connected via a linear FM demodulator to a
calibrated FSK demodulator. The output of the FSK demodulator shall be limited in bandwidth by a low pass filter with
a cut-off frequency of 1 kHz and a slope of 12 dB/octave.
The frequency of the output shall be measured.
8.14.3
Limits
The frequency shall be 600 Hz ± 30 ppm corresponding to a modulation rate of 1 200 baud.
8.15
Testing of free channel transmission on DSC channel 70
8.15.1
Definition
This test verifies that the transmitter has a facility to prevent transmission of DSC calls if channel 70 is busy, except in
case of distress calls.
8.15.2
Method of measurement
The output of the transmitter shall be suitably connected to a calibrated apparatus for decoding and printing out the
information content of the call sequences generated by the equipment.
The receiver input is connected to a signal generator. The signal generator is set to the frequency of channel 70
(156,525 MHz) and the RF signal shall be modulated by a DSC dot pattern signal, see clause 6.4. The test is performed
at an RF level; of +6 dBµV (emf).
If the receiver input and transmitter output are combined in the same port it is necessary to combine the calibrated
apparatus for decoding and printing out the information content of the call sequences and the signal generator through a
suitable combining network, see clause 6.2. It may be necessary to protect the signal generator against the power output
from the equipment through an attenuator.
For each available DSC call type:
•
The signal generator output shall be turned on.
•
The transmitter shall be set to transmit that DSC call (for guidance see annex C).
•
The signal generator output shall be turned off.
8.15.3
Requirement
If the format specifier is distress in the transmitted DSC call, the call shall be transmitted while the signal generator
output is still on.
Otherwise the call shall not be transmitted until the signal generator output has been turned off, and after a prioritized
wait period defined in ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
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9
Receiver
9.1
Harmonic distortion and rated audio frequency output power
9.1.1
Definition
The harmonic distortion at the receiver output is defined as the ratio, expressed as a percentage, of the total rms voltage
of all the harmonic components of the modulation audio frequency to the total rms voltage of the signal delivered by the
receiver.
The rated audio frequency output power is the value stated by the manufacturer to be the maximum power available at
the output, for which all the requirements of the present document are met.
9.1.2
Methods of measurement
Test signals at a level of +100 dBµV, at a carrier frequency equal to the nominal frequency of the receiver and
modulated by the normal test modulation (clause 6.4) shall be applied in succession to the receiver input under the
conditions specified in clause 6.1.
For each measurement, the receiver's audio frequency volume control shall be set so as to obtain, in a resistive load
which simulates the receiver's operating load, the rated audio frequency output power (clause 9.1.1). The value of this
load shall be stated by the manufacturer.
Under normal test conditions (clause 6.9) the test signal shall be modulated successively at 300 Hz, 500 Hz and 1 kHz
with a constant modulation index of 3 (ratio between the frequency deviation and the modulation frequency). The
harmonic distortion and audio frequency output power shall be measured at all the frequencies specified above.
Under extreme test conditions (clauses 6.10.1 and 6.10.2 applied simultaneously), the tests shall be made at the
receiver's nominal frequency and at the nominal frequency ±1,5 kHz. For these tests, the modulation shall be 1 kHz and
the frequency deviation shall be ±3 kHz.
9.1.3
Limits
The rated audio frequency output power shall be at least 0,2 W in the loudspeaker.
The harmonic distortion shall not exceed 10 %.
9.2
Audio frequency response
9.2.1
Definition
The audio frequency response is the variation in the receiver's audio frequency output level as a function of the
modulating frequency of a received radio frequency signal modulated with constant deviation.
9.2.2
Method of measurement
A test signal of +60 dBµV (emf), at a carrier frequency equal to the nominal frequency of the receiver and modulated
with normal test modulation (clause 6.4), shall be applied to the receiver antenna port under the conditions specified in
clause 6.2.
The receiver's audio frequency power control shall be set so as to produce a power level of at least 50 % of the rated
output power (clause 9.1). This setting shall remain unchanged during the test.
The frequency deviation shall then be reduced to 1 kHz and the audio output is the reference point in figure 5
(1 kHz corresponds to 0 dB).
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The frequency deviation shall remain constant while the modulation frequency is varied between 300 Hz and 3 kHz and
the output level shall then be measured.
The measurement shall be repeated with a test signal at frequencies 1,5 kHz above and below the nominal frequency of
the receiver.
The test shall be carried out on one channel only (see clause 6.7).
9.2.3
Limits
The audio frequency response shall not deviate by more than +1 dB or -3 dB from a characteristic giving the output
level as a function of the audio frequency, decreasing by 6 dB per octave and passing through the measured point at
1 kHz (figure 5).
Certified Intrinsically Safe equipment need not comply with the limits below 700 Hz.
14
12
10
to reference level at 1 000 Hz)
Audio output level (dB relative
8
6
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
-12
-14
0,3
0,5
1
2
3
kHz
Modulating frequency
Figure 5: Audio frequency response
9.3
Maximum usable sensitivity
9.3.1
Definition
The maximum usable sensitivity of the receiver is the minimum level of the signal (emf) at the nominal frequency of
the receiver which, when applied to the receiver input with normal test modulation (clause 6.4), will produce:
•
in all cases, an audio frequency output power of at least 50 % of the rated output power (clause 9.1); and
•
a SINAD ratio of 20 dB, measured at the receiver output through a psophometric telephone filtering network
such as described in Recommendation ITU-T O.41 [i.3].
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9.3.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Method of measurement
The test shall be performed on the lowest frequency channel, the highest frequency channel and on channel 16.
A test signal at a carrier frequency equal to the nominal frequency of the receiver, modulated by the normal test
modulation (clause 6.4) shall be applied to the receiver input. An audio frequency load and a measuring instrument for
measuring the SINAD ratio (through a psophometric network as specified in clause 9.3.1) shall be connected to the
receiver output terminals.
The level of the test signal shall be adjusted until a SINAD ratio of 20 dB is obtained, using the psophometric network
and with the receiver's audio frequency power control adjusted to produce at least 50 % of the rated output power.
Under these conditions, the level of the test signal at the input is the value of the maximum usable sensitivity.
The measurements shall be taken under normal test conditions (clause 6.9) and under extreme test conditions
(clauses 6.10.1 and 6.10.2 applied simultaneously).
A receiver output power variation of ±3 dB relative to 50 % of the rated output power may be allowed for sensitivity
measurements under extreme test conditions.
9.3.3
Limits
The maximum usable sensitivity for either 25 kHz or 12,5 kHz channels shall not exceed +6 dBµV (emf) under normal
test conditions and +12 dBµV (emf) under extreme test conditions.
9.4
Co-channel rejection
9.4.1
Definition
The co-channel rejection is a measure of the capability of the receiver to receive a wanted modulated signal without
exceeding a given degradation due to the presence of an unwanted modulated signal, both signals being at the nominal
frequency of the receiver.
9.4.2
Method of measurement
The two input signals shall be connected to the receiver via a combining network (clause 6.2). The wanted signal shall
have normal test modulation (clause 6.4). The unwanted signal shall be modulated by 400 Hz with a deviation of
±3 kHz (see note). Both input signals shall be at the nominal frequency of the receiver under test and the measurement
repeated for displacements of the unwanted signal of up to ±3 kHz.
The wanted input signal level shall be set to the value corresponding to the maximum usable sensitivity as measured in
clause 9.3. The amplitude of the unwanted input signal shall then be adjusted until the SINAD ratio (psophometrically
weighted) at the output of the receiver is reduced to 14 dB.
The co-channel rejection ratio shall be expressed as the ratio in dB of the level of the unwanted signal to the level of the
wanted signal at the receiver input for which the specified reduction in SINAD ratio occurs.
NOTE:
9.4.3
For 12,5 kHz channels the frequency deviation and the displacement of the unwanted signal is ±1,5 kHz.
Limit
The co-channel rejection ratio, at any frequency of the unwanted signal within the specified range, shall be between:
•
-10 dB and 0 dB for 25 kHz channels;
•
-12 dB and 0 dB for 12,5 kHz channels.
ETSI
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9.5
Adjacent channel selectivity
9.5.1
Definition
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The adjacent channel selectivity is a measure of the capability of the receiver to receive a wanted modulated signal
without exceeding a given degradation due to the presence of an unwanted modulated signal which differs in frequency
from the wanted signal by the nominal channel spacing.
9.5.2
Method of measurement
The test shall be performed on the lowest frequency channel, the highest frequency channel and on channel 16.
The two input signals shall be applied to the receiver input via a combining network (clause 6.2). The wanted signal
shall be at the nominal frequency of the receiver and shall have normal test modulation (clause 6.4). The unwanted
signal shall be modulated by 400 Hz with a deviation of ±3 kHz for 25 kHz channels or ±1,5 kHz for 12,5 kHz
channels, and shall be at the frequency of the channel immediately above that of the wanted signal.
The wanted input signal level shall be set to the value corresponding to the maximum usable sensitivity as measured in
clause 9.3. The amplitude of the unwanted input signal shall then be adjusted until the SINAD ratio at the receiver
output, psophometrically weighted, is reduced to 14 dB. The measurement shall be repeated with an unwanted signal at
the frequency of the channel below that of the wanted signal.
The adjacent channel selectivity shall be expressed as the lower value of the ratios in dB for the upper and lower
adjacent channels of the level of the unwanted signal to the level of the wanted signal.
The test shall then be repeated under extreme test conditions (clauses 6.10.1 and 6.10.2 applied simultaneously) with the
wanted signal set to the value corresponding to the maximum usable sensitivity under these conditions.
9.5.3
Limits
25 kHz channels: The adjacent channel selectivity shall be not less than 70 dB under normal test conditions and not less
than 60 dB under extreme test conditions.
12,5 kHz channels: The adjacent channel selectivity shall be not less than 60 dB under normal test conditions and not
less than 50 dB under extreme test conditions.
9.6
Spurious response rejection
9.6.1
Definition
The spurious response rejection is a measure of the capability of the receiver to discriminate between the wanted
modulated signal at the nominal frequency and an unwanted signal at any other frequency at which a response is
obtained.
9.6.2
Method of measurement
Two input signals shall be applied to the receiver input via a combining network (clause 6.2). The wanted signal shall
be at the nominal frequency of the receiver and shall have normal test modulation (clause 6.4).
The unwanted signal shall be modulated by 400 Hz with a deviation of ±3 kHz.
The wanted input signal level shall be set to the value corresponding to the maximum usable sensitivity as measured in
clause 9.3. The amplitude of the unwanted input signal shall be adjusted to an emf of +86 dBµV. The frequency shall
then be swept over the frequency range from 100 kHz to 2 000 MHz.
At any frequency at which a response is obtained, the input level shall be adjusted until the SINAD ratio
psophometrically weighted, is reduced to 14 dB.
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The spurious response rejection ratio shall be expressed as the ratio in dB between the unwanted signal and the wanted
signal at the receiver input when the specified reduction in the SINAD ratio is obtained.
9.6.3
Limit
At any frequency separated from the nominal frequency of the receiver by more than 25 kHz, the spurious response
rejection ratio shall be not less than 70 dB.
9.7
Intermodulation response
9.7.1
Definition
The intermodulation response is a measure of the capability of a receiver to receive a wanted modulated signal without
exceeding a given degradation due to the presence of two or more unwanted signals with a specific frequency
relationship to the wanted signal frequency.
9.7.2
Method of measurement
Three signal generators, A, B and C shall be connected to the receiver via a combining network (clause 6.2). The
wanted signal, represented by signal generator A shall be at the nominal frequency of the receiver and shall have normal
test modulation (clause 6.4). The unwanted signal from signal generator B shall be unmodulated and adjusted to the
frequency 50 kHz above (or below) the nominal frequency of the receiver. The second unwanted signal from signal
generator C shall be modulated by 400 Hz with a deviation of ±3 kHz, and adjusted to a frequency 100 kHz above
(or below) the nominal frequency of the receiver.
The wanted input signal shall be set to a value corresponding to the maximum usable sensitivity as measured in
clause 9.3. The amplitude of the two unwanted signals shall be maintained equal and shall be adjusted until the SINAD
ratio at the receiver output, psophometrically weighted, is reduced to 14 dB. The frequency of signal generator B shall
be adjusted slightly to produce the maximum degradation of the SINAD ratio. The level of the two unwanted test
signals shall be readjusted to restore the SINAD ratio of 14 dB. The intermodulation response ratio shall be expressed
as the ratio in dB between the two unwanted signals and the wanted signal at the receiver input, when the specified
reduction in the SINAD ratio is obtained.
9.7.3
Limit
The intermodulation response ratio shall not be less than 68 dB.
9.8
Blocking or desensitization
9.8.1
Definition
Blocking is a change (generally a reduction) in the wanted output power of the receiver or a reduction of the SINAD
ratio due to an unwanted signal on another frequency.
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9.8.2
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Method of measurement
Two input signals shall be applied to the receiver via a combining network (clause 6.2). The modulated wanted signal
shall be at the nominal frequency of the receiver and shall have normal test modulation (clause 6.4). Initially the
unwanted signal shall be switched off and the wanted signal set to the value corresponding to the maximum usable
sensitivity.
The output power of the wanted signal shall be adjusted, where possible, to 50 % of the rated output power and in the
case of stepped volume controls, to the first step that provides an output power of at least 50 % of the rated output
power. The unwanted signal shall be unmodulated and the frequency shall be swept between +1 MHz and +10 MHz,
and also between -1 MHz and -10 MHz, relative to the nominal frequency of the receiver. For practical reasons the
measurements will be carried out at frequency offsets of the unwanted signal at approximately 1 MHz, 2 MHz, 5 MHz
and 10 MHz.
The input level of the unwanted signal, at all frequencies in the specified ranges, shall be so adjusted that the unwanted
signal causes:
a)
a reduction of 3 dB in the output level of the wanted signal; or
b)
a reduction to 14 dB of the SINAD ratio at the receiver output using a psophometric telephone filtering
network such as described in Recommendation ITU-T O.41 [i.3] whichever occurs first. This level shall be
noted.
9.8.3
Limit
The blocking level for any frequency within the specified ranges, shall be not less than 90 dBµV (emf), except at
frequencies on which spurious responses are found (clause 9.6).
9.9
Conducted spurious emissions
9.9.1
Definition
Conducted spurious emissions from the receiver are components at any frequency, present at the receiver input port.
9.9.2
Method of measurement
The level of spurious emissions shall be measured as the power level at the antenna.
Conducted spurious radiations shall be measured as the power level of any discrete signal at the input terminals of the
receiver. The receiver input terminals are connected to a spectrum analyser or selective voltmeter having an input
impedance of 50 Ω and the receiver is switched on.
If the detecting device is not calibrated in terms of power input, the level of any detected components shall be
determined by a substitution method using a signal generator.
The measurements shall extend over the frequency range of 9 kHz to 2 GHz.
9.9.3
Limit
The power of any spurious radiation shall not exceed 2 nW at any frequency in the range between 9 kHz and 2 GHz.
9.10
Radiated spurious emissions
9.10.1
Definition
Radiated spurious emissions from the receiver are components at any frequency radiated by the equipment cabinet and
the structure.
ETSI
39
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Integral antenna equipment shall be tested with the normal antenna fitted.
9.10.2
Method of measurements
On a test site, selected from clause 5 of ETSI TS 103 052 [9], the equipment shall be placed at the specified height on a
non-conducting support and in a position which is closest to normal use as declared by the manufacturer.
The test antenna shall be orientated for vertical polarization and the length of the test antenna shall be chosen to
correspond to the instantaneous frequency of the measuring receiver, or a suitable broadband antenna may be used.
The output of the test antenna shall be connected to a measuring receiver.
The receiver shall be switched on without modulation, and measuring receiver shall be tuned over the frequency range
30 MHz to 2 GHz.
At each frequency at which a spurious component is detected:
a)
the test antenna shall be raised and lowered through the specified range of heights until a maximum signal
level is detected on the measuring receiver;
b)
the receiver shall be rotated through 360° in the horizontal plane, until the maximum signal level is detected by
the measuring receiver;
c)
the maximum signal level detected by the measuring receiver shall be noted;
d)
the receiver shall be replaced by a substitution antenna as defined in clause 5.3.2 of ETSI TS 103 052 [9];
e)
the substitution antenna shall be orientated for vertical polarization and the length of the substitution antenna
shall be adjusted to correspond to the frequency of the spurious component detected;
f)
the substitution antenna shall be connected to a calibrated signal generator;
g)
the frequency of the calibrated signal generator shall be set to the frequency of the spurious component
detected;
h)
the input attenuator setting of the measuring receiver shall be adjusted in order to increase the sensitivity of the
measuring receiver, if necessary;
i)
the test antenna shall be raised and lowered through the specified range of heights to ensure that the maximum
signal is received;
j)
the input signal to the substitution antenna shall be adjusted to the level that produces a level detected by the
measuring receiver that is equal to the level noted while the spurious component was measured, corrected for
the change of input attenuator setting of the measuring receiver;
k)
the input level to the substitution antenna shall be recorded as power level, corrected for the change of input
attenuator setting of the measuring receiver;
l)
the measurement shall also be taken with the test antenna and the substitution antenna orientated for horizontal
polarization;
m)
the effective radiated power of the spurious component is the larger of the two power levels recorded for that
spurious component at the input to the substitution antenna, corrected to compensate for the gain of the
antenna if necessary.
9.10.3
Limit
The power of any spurious radiation shall not exceed 2 nW at any frequency in the range between 30 MHz and 2 GHz.
ETSI
40
9.11
Receiver noise and hum level
9.11.1
Definition
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The receiver noise and hum level is defined as the ratio, in dB, of the audio frequency power of the noise and hum
resulting from spurious effects of the power supply system or from other causes, to the audio frequency power produced
by a high frequency signal of average level, modulated by the normal test modulation and applied to the receiver input.
9.11.2
Method of measurement
A test signal with a level of +30 dBµV (emf) at a carrier frequency equal to the nominal frequency of the receiver, and
modulated by the normal test modulation specified in clause 6.4, shall be applied to the receiver input. An audio
frequency load shall be connected to the output terminals of the receiver. The audio frequency power control shall be
set so as to produce the rated output power level conforming to clause 9.1.
The output signal shall be measured by an rms voltmeter having a -6 dB bandwidth of at least 20 kHz. The modulation
shall then be switched off and the audio frequency output level measured again.
9.11.3
Limit
The receiver noise and hum level shall not exceed -40 dB, relative to the modulated signal.
9.12
Squelch operation
9.12.1
Definition
The purpose of the squelch facility is to mute the receiver audio output signal when the level of the signal at the receiver
input is less than a given value.
9.12.2
Method of measurement
The following procedure shall be followed.
a)
All equipment:
With the squelch facility switched off, a test signal of +30 dBµV, at a carrier frequency equal to the nominal
frequency of the receiver and modulated by the normal test modulation specified in clause 6.4, shall be applied
to the input terminals of the receiver. An audio frequency load and a psophometric filtering network
(clause 9.3.1) shall be connected to the output terminals of the receiver. The receiver's audio frequency power
control shall be set so as to produce the rated output power defined in clause 9.1.
The output signal shall be measured with the aid of an rms voltmeter.
The input signal shall then be suppressed, the squelch facility switched on and the audio frequency output level
measured again.
b)
Equipment with a preset or automatic squelch:
With the squelch facility switched off again, a test signal modulated by the normal test modulation shall be
applied to the receiver input at a level of +6 dBµV (emf) and the receiver shall be set to produce at least 50 %
of the rated output power. The level of the input signal shall then be reduced and the squelch facility shall be
switched on. The input signal shall then be increased until the above-mentioned output power is reached. The
SINAD ratio and the input level shall then be measured.
ETSI
41
c)
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Equipment with a user operated continuously variable squelch:
With the squelch facility switched off, a test signal with normal test modulation shall be applied to the receiver
input at a level of +6 dBµV (emf), and the receiver shall be set to produce at least 50 % of the rated audio
output power. The level of the input signal shall then be reduced and the squelch facility shall be switched on.
The squelch shall then be at its maximum position and the level of the input signal increased until the output
power returns to at least 50 % of the rated audio output power.
9.12.3
Limits
Under the conditions specified in a) clause 9.11.2, the audio frequency output power shall not exceed -40 dB relative to
the rated output power.
Under the conditions specified in b) clause 9.11.2, the input level shall not exceed +6 dBµV (emf).
Under the conditions specified in c) clause 9.11.2, the input signal shall not exceed +6 dBµV (emf) when the control is
set at maximum.
9.13
Squelch hysteresis
9.13.1
Definition
Squelch hysteresis is the difference in dB between the receiver input signal levels at which the squelch opens and
closes.
9.13.2
Method of measurement
If there is any squelch control on the exterior of the equipment it shall be placed in its maximum muted position. With
the squelch facility switched on, an unmodulated input signal at a carrier frequency equal to the nominal frequency of
the receiver shall be applied to the input of the receiver at a level sufficiently low to avoid opening the squelch. The
input signal shall be increased to the level just opening the squelch. This input level shall be recorded. With the squelch
still open, the level of the input signal shall be slowly decreased until the squelch mutes the receiver audio output again,
the hysteresis being the difference between this level and the previously recorded level.
9.13.3
Limit
The squelch hysteresis shall be between 3 dB and 6 dB.
10
DSC Signalling
10.1
Test Method
The output of the transmitter shall be connected to apparatus for decoding the information contents of the call sequences
generated by the EUT.
10.2
Display
The radio shall comply with the display requirements given in clause 4.1 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.3
GNSS receiver
The radio shall comply with the GNSS receiver requirements given in clause 5.1.1 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
ETSI
42
10.4
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Individual DSC calls
The radio shall comply with the individual calls requirements given in clause 5.2.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.5
All ships calls
The radio shall comply with the all ships calls requirements given in clause 5.2.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.6
DSC call functionality
The radio shall comply with the DSC call functionality requirements given in clause 5.2.4 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6],
except for transmission of all ships Urgency and Safety RT calls.
10.7
DSC message composition
The radio shall comply with the DSC message composition requirements given in clause 6.2.1 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.8
Prioritized wait
The radio shall comply with the prioritized wait requirements given in clause 6.2.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.9
Alarms
The radio shall comply with the alarms requirements given in clause 6.2.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.10
Standby
The radio shall comply with the standby requirements given in clause 6.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.11
GNSS fix - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the sending distress automated procedure requirements for acquiring GNSS fix as given in
clause 6.4.1 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.12
Tasks - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the task requirements given in clause 6.4.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] except that figure 1
should be treated as an example and not as a mandatory requirement.
10.13
Display - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the display requirements given in clause 6.4.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.14
Distress button sub procedure
The radio shall comply with the dedicated distress button sub procedure requirements given in clause 6.4.4 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6] except for bullet (c) where the requirement "(when releasing the button the radio shall return to its
previous state)" need not apply.
ETSI
43
10.15
Void
10.16
Updating position
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The radio shall comply with the updating position requirements given in clause 6.4.6 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.17
Handling received DSC messages - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements for handling received DSC messages given in clause 6.4.7 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.18
Alarms - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the alarms requirements given in clause 6.4.8 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.19
Determining subsequent communications - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.4.9 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.20
Automated tuning - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.4.10 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.21
Cancelling the distress alert
The radio shall comply with the distress cancel requirements given in clause 6.4.11 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.22
Acknowledgements - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the acknowledgements requirements given in clause 6.4.12 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.23
Termination - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the termination requirements given in clause 6.4.13 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.24
Warnings - sending distress
The radio shall comply with the warnings requirements given in clause 6.4.14 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.25
Tasks - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the task requirements given in clause 6.5.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] except that figure 4
should be treated as an example and not as a mandatory requirement.
10.26
Display - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the display requirements given in clause 6.5.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
ETSI
44
10.27
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Handling received DSC messages - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements for handling received DSC messages given in clause 6.5.4 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.28
Alarms - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the alarms requirements given in clause 6.5.5 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.29
Determining subsequent communications - receiving
distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.5.6 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.30
Automated tuning - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.5.7 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.31
Acknowledgements - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the acknowledgements requirements given in clause 6.5.8 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.32
Termination - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the termination requirements given in clause 6.5.9 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.33
Warnings - receiving distress
The radio shall comply with the warnings requirements given in clause 6.5.10 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.34
Tasks - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the task requirements given in clause 6.6.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] except that figure 6
should be treated as an example and not as a mandatory requirement.
10.35
Display - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the display requirements given in clause 6.6.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.36
Handling received DSC messages - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements for handling received DSC messages given in clause 6.6.4 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.37
Alarms - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the alarms requirements given in clause 6.6.5 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
ETSI
45
10.38
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Automated tuning - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.6.6 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.39
Delayed acknowledgements - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the acknowledgements requirements given in clause 6.6.7 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.40
Termination - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the termination requirements given in clause 6.6.8 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.41
Warnings - sending non distress
The radio shall comply with the warnings requirements given in clause 6.6.9 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.42
Tasks - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the task requirements given in clause 6.7.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] except that figure 8
should be treated as an example and not as a mandatory requirement.
10.43
Display - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the display requirements given in clause 6.7.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.44
Handling received DSC messages - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements for handling received DSC messages given in clause 6.7.4 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.45
Alarms - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the alarms requirements given in clause 6.7.5 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.46
Automated tuning - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.7.6 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.47
Acknowledgements - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the acknowledgements requirements given in clause 6.7.7 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.48
Termination - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the termination requirements given in clause 6.7.8 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.49
Warnings - receiving non distress
The radio shall comply with the warnings requirements given in clause 6.7.9 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
ETSI
46
10.50
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Communication automated procedure
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.8.1 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] except that the bullets
(i)-(iii) describing which specific events should result in the communication automated procedure need not apply.
10.51
Tasks - communication
The radio shall comply with the task requirements given in clause 6.8.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.52
Display - communication
The radio shall comply with the display requirements given in clause 6.8.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.53
Handling received DSC messages - communication
The radio shall comply with the requirements for handling received DSC messages given in clause 6.8.4 of ETSI
EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.54
Tuning of the receiver and transmitter - communication
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.8.5 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.55
Termination - communication
The procedure shall be able to be terminated either by the user or automatic timeout.
10.56
Tasks of handling incoming calls while engaged
The radio shall comply with the task requirements given in clause 6.9.2 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6], except that
clauses 6.9.2.1 and 6.9.2.2 need not apply.
10.57
Termination of automated procedures
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.9.2.3 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6].
10.58
Actions after termination of an automated procedure
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.9.2.4 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] except that bullet (b)
need not apply.
10.59
Putting automated procedures on hold
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.9.2.5 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] where the equipment is
designed for handing procedures on hold.
10.60
Controlling non-terminated automated procedures on hold
The radio shall comply with the requirements given in clause 6.9.2.6 of ETSI EN 300 338-5 [6] where the equipment is
designed for handing procedures on hold.
ETSI
47
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
11
Testing for compliance with technical requirements
11.1
Environmental conditions for testing
These shall be as described clause 6.
11.2
Interpretation of the measurement results
The interpretation of the results recorded in a test report for the measurements described in the present document shall
be as follows:
•
the measured value related to the corresponding limit will be used to decide whether an equipment meets the
requirements of the present document;
•
the value of the measurement uncertainty for the measurement of each parameter shall be included in the test
report;
•
the recorded value of the measurement uncertainty shall be, for each measurement, equal to or less than the
figures in table 4.
For the test methods, according to the present document, the measurement uncertainty figures shall be calculated and
shall correspond to an expansion factor (coverage factor) k = 1,96 or k = 2 (which provide confidence levels of
respectively 95 % and 95,45 % in the case where the distributions characterizing the actual measurement uncertainties
are normal (Gaussian)). Principles for the calculation of measurement uncertainty are contained in ETSI TR 100 028
(parts 1 and 2) [i.6] and [i.7], in particular in annex D of the ETSI TR 100 028-2 [i.7].
Table 4 is based on such expansion factors.
Table 4: Maximum measurement uncertainty
Parameter
RF frequency
RF power
Maximum frequency deviation:
- within 300 Hz to 6 kHz of modulation frequency
- within 6 kHz to 25 kHz of modulation frequency
Deviation limitation
Adjacent channel power
Conducted spurious emission of transmitter
Audio output power
Amplitude characteristics of receiver limiter
Sensitivity at 20 dB SINAD
Conducted emission of receiver
Two-signal measurement
Three-signal measurement
Radiated emission of transmitter
Radiated emission of receiver
Transmitter transient time
Transmitter transient frequency
Receiver desensitization (duplex operation)
ETSI
Uncertainty
±1 x 10-7
±0,75 dB
±5 %
±3 dB
±5 %
±5 dB
±4 dB
±0,5 dB
±1,5 dB
±3 dB
±3 dB
±4 dB
±3 dB
±6 dB
±6 dB
±20 %
±250 Hz
±0,5 dB
48
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Annex A (informative):
Relationship between the present document and the
essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU
The present document has been prepared under the Commission's standardisation request C(2015) 5376 final [i.8] to
provide one voluntary means of conforming to the essential requirements of Directive 2014/53/EU on the harmonisation
of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of radio equipment and repealing
Directive 1999/5/EC [i.5].
Once the present document is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance with
the normative clauses of the present document given in tables A.1 and A.2 confers, within the limits of the scope of the
present document, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that Directive, and
associated EFTA regulations.
Table A.1: Relationship between the present document and
the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Harmonised Standard ETSI EN 302 885
Requirement
Requirement Conditionality
Reference:
Description
U/C
Condition
Clause No
Transmitter frequency error
8.1
U
Transmitter carrier power
8.2
U
Transmitter maximum permissible
8.3.2
U
frequency deviation
Transmitter reduction of frequency
8.3.3
U
deviation at modulation frequencies
above 3 kHz
Transmitter adjacent channel power
8.7
U
Transmitter conducted spurious
8.8
U
emissions conveyed to the antenna
Transmitter cabinet radiation and
8.9
U
conducted spurious emissions other
than those conveyed to the antenna
Transmitter transient frequency
8.11
U
behaviour
Transmitter DSC frequency error
8.12
U
Transmitter DSC modulation index
8.13
U
Transmitter DSC modulation rate
8.14
U
Transmitter free channel
8.15
U
transmission on DSC channel 70
Receiver maximum usable sensitivity
9.3
U
Receiver co-channel rejection
9.4
U
Receiver adjacent channel selectivity
9.5
U
Receiver spurious response rejection
9.6
U
Receiver intermodulation response
9.7
U
Receiver blocking or desensitization
9.8
U
Receiver conducted spurious
9.9
U
emissions
Receiver radiated spurious emissions
9.10
U
ETSI
49
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Table A.2: Relationship between the present document and
the essential requirements of article 3.3(g) of Directive 2014/53/EU
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
Harmonised Standard ETSI EN 302 885
Requirement
Requirement Conditionality
Reference:
Description
U/C
Condition
Clause No
General and operational requirements
4.0
U
Technical requirements
5.0
U
Drop test
7.3
U
Dry heat
7.4.2
U
Damp heat
7.4.3
U
Low temperature
7.4.4
U
Transmitter sensitivity of the modulator, including
8.4
U
microphone
Transmitter Audio frequency response
8.5
U
Audio frequency harmonic distortion of the emission
8.6
U
Transmitter residual modulation
8.10
U
Receiver harmonic distortion and rated audio9.1
U
frequency output power
Receiver audio frequency response
9.2
U
Receiver noise and hum level
9.11
U
Receiver squelch operation
9.12
U
Receiver squelch hysteresis
9.13
U
DSC Display
10.2
U
GNSS Receiver
10.3
U
Individual DSC calls
10.4
U
All ships calls
10.5
U
DSC call functionality
10.6
U
DSC message composition
10.7
U
Prioritized wait
10.8
U
Alarms
10.9
U
Standby
10.10
U
GNSS fix requirements - sending distress
10.11
U
Tasks - sending distress
10.12
U
Display - sending distress
10.13
U
Distress button sub-procedure
10.14
U
Updating position
10.16
U
Handling received DSC messages - sending distress
10.17
U
Alarms - sending distress
10.18
U
Determining subsequent communication - sending
10.19
U
distress
Automated tuning - sending distress
10.20
U
Cancelling the distress alert
10.21
U
Acknowledgement - sending distress
10.22
U
Terminating - sending distress
10.23
U
Warnings - sending distress
10.24
U
Tasks - receiving distress
10.25
U
Display - receiving distress
10.26
U
Handling received DSC messages - receiving distress
10.27
U
Alarms - receiving distress
10.28
U
Determining subsequent communication - receiving
10.29
U
distress
Automated tuning - receiving distress
10.30
U
Acknowledgement - receiving distress
10.31
U
Terminating - receiving distress
10.32
U
Warnings - receiving distress
10.33
U
Tasks - sending non distress
10.34
U
Display - sending non distress
10.35
U
Handling received DSC messages - sending non
10.36
U
distress
Alarms - sending non distress
10.37
U
Automated tuning - sending non distress
10.38
U
Delayed acknowledgement - sending non distress
10.39
U
Terminating - sending non distress
10.40
U
Warnings - sending non distress
10.41
U
ETSI
50
No
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Harmonised Standard ETSI EN 302 885
Requirement
Requirement Conditionality
Reference:
Description
U/C
Condition
Clause No
Tasks - receiving non distress
10.42
U
Display - receiving non distress
10.43
U
Handling received DSC messages - receiving non
10.44
U
distress
Alarms - receiving non distress
10.45
U
Automated tuning - receiving non distress
10.46
U
Acknowledgement - receiving non distress
10.47
U
Terminating - receiving non distress
10.48
U
Warnings - receiving non distress
10.49
U
Communication automated procedure
10.50
U
Tasks - communication
10.51
U
Display - communication
10.52
U
Handling received DSC messages - communication
10.53
U
Tuning of the receiver and transmitter - communication
10.54
U
Termination - communication
10.55
U
Handling incoming calls while engaged
10.56
U
Termination of automated procedures
10.57
U
Actions after termination of an automated procedure
10.58
U
Putting automated procedures on hold
10.59
C If the equipment is designed for
Controlling non-terminated automatic procedures
10.60
C handling procedures on hold
Key to columns:
Requirement:
No
A unique identifier for one row of the table which may be used to identify a requirement.
Description
A textual reference to the requirement.
Clause Number Identification of clause(s) defining the requirement in the present document unless another
document is referenced explicitly.
Requirement Conditionality:
U/C
Indicates whether the requirement is unconditionally applicable (U) or is conditional upon the
manufacturer's claimed functionality of the equipment (C).
Condition
Explains the conditions when the requirement is or is not applicable for a requirement which is
classified "conditional".
Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to the present document is maintained in the list
published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of the present document should consult frequently the
latest list published in the Official Journal of the European Union.
Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of the present document.
ETSI
51
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Annex B (normative):
Measuring receiver for adjacent channel power
measurement
B.1
Power measuring receiver specification
B.1.0
General
The power measuring receiver consists of a mixer, an Intermediate Frequency (IF) filter, an oscillator, an amplifier, a
variable attenuator and an rms value indicator. Instead of the variable attenuator with the rms value indicator it is also
possible to use an rms voltmeter calibrated in dB. The technical characteristics of the power measuring receiver are
given in figure B.1 (see also Recommendation ITU-R SM.332-4 [i.4]).
B.1.1
IF filter
The IF filter shall be within the limits of the following selectivity characteristics.
dB
D4
D4
90
close
to
carrier
D3
D3
26
D2
D2
6
2
D1
0
distant
from
carrier
D1
kHz
Figure B.1: IF filter characteristics
The selectivity characteristics shall keep the frequency separations shown in table B.1 from the nominal centre
frequency of the adjacent channel.
Table B.1: Selectivity characteristic
Channel separation
(kHz)
12,5
25
Frequency separation of filter curve from nominal centre frequency of adjacent channel
(kHz)
D1
D2
D3
D4
3
4,25
5,5
9,5
5
8,0
9,25
13,25
ETSI
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
The attenuation points shall not exceed following tolerances shown in table B.2.
Table B.2: Tolerance of attenuation points close to carrier
Channel separation
(kHz)
12,5
25
D1
+1,35
+3,1
Tolerance range (kHz)
D2
D3
-1,35
±0,1
-1,35
±0,1
D4
-5,35
-5,35
Table B.3: Tolerance of attenuation points distant from the carrier
Channel separation
(kHz)
12,5
D1
±2,0
Tolerance range (kHz)
D2
D3
±2,0
±2,0
25
±3,5
±3,5
±3,5
D4
+2,0
-6,0
+3,5
-7,5
The minimum attenuation of the filter outside the 90 dB attenuation points shall be equal to or greater than 90 dB.
B.1.2
Attenuation indicator
The attenuation indicator shall have a minimum range of 80 dB and a reading accuracy of 1 dB. With a view to future
regulations an attenuation of 90 dB or more is recommended.
B.1.3
Rms value indicator
The instrument shall accurately indicate non-sinusoidal signals in ratio of up to 10:1 between peak value and rms value.
B.1.4
Oscillator and amplifier
The oscillator and the amplifier shall be designed in such a way that the measurement of the adjacent channel power of
a low-noise unmodulated transmitter, whose self-noise has a negligible influence on the measurement result, yields a
measured value of less than -90 dB.
ETSI
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ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
Annex C (informative):
DSC test calls
C.1
Interoperability tests
Validation of the DSC functionality may be performed using applicable parts of the VHF class D handheld
interoperability tests as defined in ETSI TS 101 570-5 [i.1].
ETSI
54
Annex D (informative):
Change history
Version
V2.1.1
V2.2.1
V2.2.2
V2.2.3
Information about changes
First version under the Radio Equipment Directive (2014/53/EU)
Alignment with ITU-R M.493-14
Error in the transposition table corrected
Clarification (editorial correction) in clause 8.2.3
ETSI
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
55
ETSI EN 302 885 V2.2.3 (2017-04)
History
Document history
V1.1.1
May 2011
Publication as ETSI EN 302 885 part 1
V1.1.1
September 2011
Publication as ETSI EN 302 885 part 2 and part 3
V1.2.1
November 2011
Publication as ETSI EN 302 885 part 1
V1.2.1
March 2014
Publication as ETSI EN 302 885 part 2 and part 3
V1.2.2
March 2014
Publication as ETSI EN 302 885 part 2 and part 3
V1.3.1
March 2014
Publication as ETSI EN 302 885 part 1
V2.1.1
March 2016
Publication
V2.2.1
March 2017
Publication
V2.2.2
March 2017
Publication
V2.2.3
April 2017
Publication
ETSI
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