SCoREUser Guide ver.1.00
SCoRE User Guide
ver.1.00
English Homepage URL:http://score-corpus.org/en/
July 2016
1. SCoRE Tools
SCoRE consists of four tools:
Pattern Browser
View target grammar and example sentences by grammatical item
Concordance
Search SCoRE data; view results in KWIC or sentence form
Download
Quiz
Download SCoRE data in an Excel format
Create and grade fill-in-the-blank quizzes (Only for the Japanese version)
From within each tool, other tools can be chosen without returning to the top page (home page) by clicking on
the pop-down menu on the upper right, shown below.
2. Pattern Browser
Use the Pattern Browser to view all the grammatical categories in SCoRE. Choose a grammar pattern on the left,
and keywords will appear in the center panel; sentences using those keywords in that pattern will appear in the
far right panel. It is possible to easily locate specific grammar items and example sentences in three different
proficiency levels (Beginner, Intermediate, Advanced; or All Levels).
The Pattern Browser has three panels:
Grammatical Pattern Panel
Displays the grammar item hierarchy
Example Sentence Panel
Displays example sentences for the selected keywords
Keyword Panel
Displays the keywords available for that grammar item
2.1 Grammatical Pattern Panel
The far left panel is the Grammatical Pattern panel. In the initial screen, only this panel appears; the other two
panels will appear after a grammar item is chosen. In this panel, grammar items are shown in categories.
The grammatical patterns consist of broader categories and more specific categories. In the screenshot below,
for example, under the broad category “Nouns,” there are three sub-categories: countable nouns 1, countable
nouns 2, and uncountable nouns.
The buttons shown below appear at the bottom of this panel. Users can select the proficiency level of the
example sentences. These are: All Levels, Beginner, Intermediate, and Advanced. The default setting will show all
sentences (All Levels).
If the proficiency level is changed, the number of example sentences for the grammatical items will change. In
the screenshot below, we can see that for nouns, there are 100 sentences for countable nouns 1 for the beginner
level, from a total of 300 in “All Levels.” The number of beginner level example sentences available are shown
with a red number; for intermediate, the number is green; for advanced, the number appears in purple. The
number for all sentences is in blue.
There is a filter function in the Grammatical Pattern panel. A grammatical item can be searched, for example wh,
and the patterns will appear below it. The screenshot shows interrogative patterns using wh. To return to the
original list, clear the search in the filter field.
2.2 Keyword Panel Overview
Choose a grammatical pattern in the first panel and keywords will appear in the center panel. These are the
keywords that are available for that pattern. Keywords vary based on the grammatical item; for example in the
screenshot below [noun + to-infinitive], the noun is shown as a keyword.
Once a grammar item and keyword are chosen, the proficiency level can still be changed. In the example, the
beginner level was chosen. (The numbers appear in red.)
Below the Keyword panel, the total number of keywords, and the total number of example sentences are
shown.
2.3 Keyword Panel Details
When a keyword is chosen from the Keyword panel, example sentences using that keyword will appear in the
Example Sentence panel on the right. In the screenshot below, the example sentences for the grammar pattern
to-infinitive and the keyword time are shown.
If the proficiency level “All Levels” is chosen, the example sentences are shown in order, starting with beginner,
then intermediate, and then advanced. Beginner level sentences are shown with red bullets; intermediate are
green and advanced are purple. In other words, the color of the bullet also corresponds to the proficiency level,
just as the color of the number corresponds; thus it is possible to distinguish the level of the sentence by the
color of the bullet. It is possible to display only sentences in a desired proficiency level by selecting the
proficiency level. The screenshot below shows advanced level example sentences.
In the Example Sentences panel, there is a clipboard copy function.
▶ To copy one example sentence, first select the sentence, then click the copy icon in the upper right side of the
Example Sentence panel.
The copied content on the clipboard will be formatted as shown below. The English keyword is shown in the
brackets { }. The copied text data can be pasted directly onto an Excel file.
It's {time} to go.
▶ To copy multiple consecutive sentences, there are two options. One is using only a keyboard; the other is by
using a keyboard and mouse. To copy only using a keyboard, click the first sentence to be copied, press and hold
SHIFT, and press the down arrow as many times as necessary to select each desired sentence. To reduce the
number, use the up arrow while holding down the SHIFT key. Once all desired sequential sentences are
highlighted, click the copy icon. Using a keyboard and mouse, use the mouse to select the first sentence, press
and hold SHIFT, then click the last desired sentence. This will select all the desired sentences; then click the copy
icon.
▶If the sentences are not consecutive, use a keyboard and mouse. Click the first desired sentence, then press
CONTROL, and select the desired sentences with the mouse; then click the copy icon.
▶To copy all the sentences that are displayed, click the “Select All” icon next to the copy icon.
To copy other grammatical items, see the explanation in the next section [3. SCoRE Download].
3. SCoRE Download
The SCoRE download function allows users to select the SCoRE data by grammatical item or proficiency level.
These can be downloaded into an Excel format. Specific grammar items and level-specific sentences can be easily
downloaded based on user needs.
SCoRE example sentences are provided under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial- ShareAlike
4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License. Before downloading the data, please read the licensing terms. Terms
can be accessed with the links below.
Data can be copied, redistributed and adapted; however, it cannot be used for commercial purposes and
authors must be credited. If changes are made, indicate changes and distribute under the original license.
▶General Information
English:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Japanese:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/deed.ja
▶Detailed Information
English:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode
Japanese:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode.ja
The download screen can be accessed from the top page (home page) or from the pop-down “Change Tools”
menu on the top right of the screen.
To download, select grammatical items/keywords and proficiency level. It is possible to choose more specific
sub-categories. In the default settings, only broad and sub-categories are shown. If sub-categories are chosen,
additional choices are shown. By selecting “All” at the top of the list, it is possible to select all categories and
sentences.
The proficiency level can be chosen as “All levels” or individually (Beginner, Intermediate or Advanced). The
buttons appear at the bottom of this screen.
The number of selected example sentences are shown on the bottom left side. After items are chosen, click the
download button on the lower right side.
The default file name is SCoRE Example Data.xls. The file name can be changed as needed. Click save. The
screenshot below shows Chrome for Windows. (The displayed content depends on the operating system and
browser.)
The saved Excel file consists of two sheets. The first contains the example sentences. The second sheet shows
the SCoRE license information. If the data is duplicated or distributed, the licensing information must be
included.
4. Concordance
Concordance is a tool used to search for SCoRE example sentences and display the results in a concordance
format. It is possible to specify the targeted example sentences by grammatical item/keyword or proficiency
level (Beginner, Intermediate, Advanced or All Levels).
4.1 Create Concordance
By clicking on the “Change Tools ” pop-down menu on the upper right and choosing “Concordance,” the initial
screen as shown below will be displayed. In the search panel on the left, it is necessary to choose a specific
grammatical items/keywords from the list and choose a proficiency level, and then type in a target item into the
search field.
In the search string field, it is possible to use both full words and wildcards. For wildcards, if using a Japanese
font, use a half-size asterisk. In English, the asterisk will be the correct size. The following searches are possible:
*
Will search for any word
con*
Will search for any word beginning with the prefix con-
*ed
Will search for any word ending with the suffix –ed (prefix search)
(suffix search)
To specify multiple words, use a vertical bar between words, as shown in the example below for mouse and
mice.
mouse|mice
go|goes|went|gone|going
mouse and mice
go conjugates
To search all possible combinations following to, use a [half-sized] asterisk after the word to.
to *
to + strings
To specify grammatical items/keywords, use the same procedure used in the download function; i.e. click on
each item desired. Clicking on a sub-category will cause additional categories to appear. Users can alternatively
choose “All” at the top of the list.
Choosing the proficiency level is again the same procedure; i.e. choose by clicking the button at the bottom of
the screen for All Levels, Beginner, Intermediate, and Advanced. In the default settings, All Levels will be shown.
Once selections are made, click the “Create Concordance” button in the lower right corner. If incorrect search
strings are selected or if there are no results, a dialogue box will appear. The screenshot below shows a search
string for [* to] (any word preceding the word to) meaning this will include any verb + to + infinitive.
The search results are displayed in the concordance panel as a full screen. The search panel will close
automatically but can be accessed again by clicking the ○
> button on the leftmost search screen.
4.2 Concordance
The concordance tool displays the results searched in “Create Concordance.” In the Japanese version, the
Japanese translations will appear next to the English sentences. In the English version, only English sentences
will appear.
Display
In the default settings, the display will be shown as a Key Word in Context (KWIC). KWIC means the keyword
will be aligned in the center of the display. In the KWIC format, if the sentence is long, the beginning and end of
the sentence may be cut off. To view the entire (cut) sentences, click the sentence. It will appear in a pop-up box.
Moving the mouse away from the pop-up sentence will cause the sentence to disappear. This function also works
on the Japanese sentences in the Japanese version.
In addition to a KWIC display, it is possible to see the concordance lines in a “Sentence” format. In the menu at
the top on the far right, click the button marked “Sentence” and the display will change as below.
In the concordance screen shot, 50 examples per page will be displayed. In case the number of results exceeds
50 examples, use the arrow keys or enter a page number in the field at the bottom of the screen. The total
number of results is shown on the lower right side; and the current page is also shown.
Sort
In the default settings, the results are displayed as “Occurrence” in the order that the data was loaded in the
database. On the top menu, there are four sort buttons: Occurrence, Left, Keyword and Right. Left and Right will
sort the concordance lines to the left or right of the keyword.
The following screenshot shows a display for sorting right. The word to the right of the search string (or
targeted grammatical item/keyword) is highlighted and sorted in alphabetical order.
Sampling
In the default settings, all the results are displayed. With many search results, it is possible to limit the number
of example sentences by using the sampling function. The number of sentences can be chosen with the sampling
button, and the display will show 5, 10 or 20 sentences. Click “None” to return to the full number of sentences.
The following screenshot shows an example for sampling ten sentences. Sampling is done randomly but for
classroom use, the same results are always returned.
It is possible to change the display (Sentence or KWIC) and sort with the sampling function. Each new
concordance created will create a new tab. It might be necessary to close unnecessary tabs.
4.3 Concordance Results Download
The concordance results download function allows users to download the search results into an Excel format.
Clicking the “download” button on the lower right side on the concordance panel will start the download. A
dialogue will open for “save file.” Give it a suitable name and save it.
The downloaded Excel file has the following format.
Before the target word
the part of the sentence to the left of the target word
After the target word
the part of the sentence to the right of the target word
Target word
Sentence
a selected search/target word or phrase, appearing in the center of the screen
an example sentence whose target word or keyword is enclosed in parentheses
5. Fill-in-the-Blank Quiz
This is a tool to create, display, complete, and grade fill-in-the-blank quizzes. This tool is only available in the
Japanese version.
5.1 Create a Fill-in-the-Blank Quiz
In the“Create a Fill-in-the-Blank Quiz”[適語補充問題の作成] screen, choose the grammatical item or items or
keywords, and choose the proficiency level or levels. The screenshot below shows the setting for creating a
fill-in-the-blank quiz from beginner level uncountable nouns. Once the grammatical items/keywords and
proficiency levels are selected, click either“Today’s Quiz”[今日の問題] or“Random Quiz”[ランダムに作成]. The
sentences for“Today’s Quiz”are generated randomly. For classroom use, the same quiz will be created for all
students. However, a new quiz will be created for the next calendar day. The sentences for the“Random Quiz”are
generated randomly and different quizzes each time and on each computer will be shown.
If no grammatical items are selected, or if the quiz results have fewer than eight sentences, a dialogue box will
appear. If a sufficient number of sentences is available, a new tab will open showing the quiz screen, as shown
below. Quiz sentences will be displayed showing a blank space for the keyword, with a Japanese translation for
the sentence below it. To answer the quiz, the student types the keyword into the box provided.
5.2 Completing a Fill-in-the-Blank Quiz
How to Answer the Quiz
There will be eight questions.
For each blank space, type in one word. (Use only alphabet letters, numbers and hyphens.)
The tab key will move to the next blank.
The questions can be answered in any order.
There is no time limit.
Grading
Once completed, click the “Grade” button[採点]. A dialogue box will appear if there are unanswered
questions. It will ask to confirm if the quiz is ready for grading.
Results
The correct and incorrect answers are immediately shown. If there is more than one blank required for a quiz
question, all answers must be in the correct order for the sentence to be marked as correct. Correct answers will
appear above the blank if answered incorrectly. The grade and a quiz ID appears at the bottom left.
About this User Guide
This User Guide is copyrighted. No duplication or distribution is permitted without written permission from the authors.
Copyright © 2014-2016 Chujo Kiyomi (College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University), Lago Institute of Language. All
rights reserved.
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