STV0680A-002 - STMicroelectronics

STV0680A-002 - STMicroelectronics
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
®
Low Cost Digital Camera (LCDC) Chipset
PRELIMINARY
DESCRIPTION
KEY FEATURES
STMicroelectronics (ST), Imaging Division (formerly VLSI
VISION Ltd.), has utilised its extensive experience in designing imaging sensors for the digital still camera market to
develop chipsets for modular systems which will provide the
core of a highly cost-competitive new standard in consumer
digital stills cameras (DSC).
The Low Cost Digital Camera chipsets from ST, incorporating a CMOS imaging sensor and STV0680A co-processor
(formerly DCA1 ) enable camera manufacturers to offer an
end product which is genuinely price competitive with traditional ‘point and shoot’ film-based cameras.
The chipset provides the basis of an easy-to-use, user
friendly camera, which will be equally adaptable for use by
children and adults for stills photography or dual-mode use
(i.e. Digital stills while untethered, and videoconferencing
from the same camera).
Incorporating a wide range of features, the STV0680A
chipset offers exceptional performance at a very competitive
price point. ST’s aim is to enable manufacturers to offer fully
functional DSC products to the end consumer for between
$50 and $100. An evaluation kit (EVK) and reference design
manual are available, as well as standard TWAIN and Video
for Windows drivers. Alternatively, a software development
kit (SDK) allows access to ST colour processing algorithms
under licence, to develop OEM software.
The chipset incorporates ST’s high performance VV6444/
6410 CIF (352 x 288 pixel) or VV6500 VGA (640 x 480 pixel)
resolution CMOS sensors. The complete camera will have
20 picture storage capacity for CIF resolution or 80 for QCIF
resolution, when using 16MBit memory. When using 64MBit
memory, it will have 26 picture storage capacity for VGA resolution or 106 for QVGA resolution. A standby mode which
allows full picture retention at extremely low system power
consumption gives a battery life of up to several months.
An example upload and colour processing time for a CIF
image to the PC is 0.3 seconds when the USB interface is
used, and the chipset also offers a high frame rate tethered
USB video mode (dependant on PC and USB loading).
•
CIF (352 x 288) or VGA (640 x 480) resolution sensor
•
Using 64MBit memory, 80 picture storage capacity in
camera (CIF), 26 (VGA), or 320 (QCIF).
•
Using 16MBit memory, 20 picture storage capacity, in
camera (CIF), or 80 (QCIF)
•
USB/RS232 interface options
•
Evaluation kit available
•
Low power consumption (typically 75mA) for complete
camera and low system cost per pixel
•
High speed picture upload with USB
•
USB tethered video mode gives a QCIF resolution
videoconferencing camera with VfW support
•
‘Continuous’ mode for capturing image sequences (while
untethered) and downloading to AVI file format
•
Memory refresh allows picture retention when camera is
in standby mode with very low current consumption
•
TWAIN/Video for Windows driver support
•
Numeric LCD panel supported
•
Colour processing and pixel defect detection/correction
software available under license as SDK for development
of OEM software. The license to use the colour algorithm
(embedded in the PC driver software) is included in the
price of the chipset.
PRODUCT FORMATS
Chipsets: For manufacturers wishing to design their own
cameras ST offers chipsets combining the colour CMOS
sensor with a companion processor.
An evaluation kit, including PC demo software, and a
comprehensive reference design manual are available,
including schematics and bills of materials.
Modules: For high volume OEM companies, lensed camera
modules are available to the basic specification outlined, but
geared to the customer’s individual requirements, subject to
commercial agreement with ST.
SOFTWARE
The chipset supports a 2x 7-segment display showing number of pictures remaining, a low battery indicator, and operation mode, as well as a buzzer indicating picture taken,
camera full, and self-timer countdown.
Driver software is available to support both USB and RS232
interface, included in TWAIN and Video for Windows drivers
(VfW through USB only, WIN98). An AVI creator application
allows creation of video files from untethered ‘continuous’
mode images.
A CMOS solution gives manufacturers inherent benefits, providing a highly integrated compact solution which has a low
system cost, is straightforward to implement, and has low
power consumption, giving long battery life.
ST colour processing and defect detection/correction
software is supplied under licence agreement, as part of a
Software Development Kit (SDK). This runs on the host PC
under either Windows95TM or Windows98TM .
CDSTV0680F-C: Rev 3.0; Mar.2000
Commercial in Confidence
This is preliminary information on a new product now in development or undergoing evaluation. Details are subject to change without notice.
1
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Table of Contents
CDSTV0680F-C
CDSTV0680F-CTOC.fm
Commercial in confidence
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.1 Digital camera chipset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.2 Co-processor choices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.3 Sensor choices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.4 Key system features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.4.1 Image features (STV0680A-002). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.4.2 Image features (STV0680-001) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.4.3 User features on camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.4.4 User features on PC software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.4.5 Power management features and USB compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.4.6 General features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2. Detailed features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1 Sensor type and image formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1.1 VV6444 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.1.2 VV6410 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.1.3 VV6500 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2 User interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2.1 Push buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2.2 LED indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2.3 Picture counter using 2 x 7 segment display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2.4 Piezo buzzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.3 Battery Level Detect and USB auto-switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.4 PC interface options and software support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.4.1 USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.4.2 RS232 (not available on STV0680-001) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.5 Anti-flicker exposure and gain control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3. Camera modes of operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1 Standby mode (or USB suspend mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.2 ‘Snapshot’ mode (in High or Low resolution) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.2.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.2.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.2.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.3 ‘Continuous Capture’ mode (in High or Low resolution) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.3.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.3.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.3.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.4 Self-timer Mode (in High or Low resolution) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.4.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.4.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.4.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.5 ‘Clear camera’. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.5.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.5.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
CDSTV0680F-C
CDSTV0680F-CTOC.fm
Commercial in confidence
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
3.5.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.6 ‘Change resolution’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.6.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.6.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.6.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.7 Tethered USB Video mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.7.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.7.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.7.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.8 Powering the camera off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.8.1 Entering this mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.8.2 Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.8.3 Exiting this mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4. STV0680A hardware interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.1 STV0680A pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.2 Sensor interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3 Memory interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3.1 SDRAM Current consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3.2 SDRAM interface timing requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3.3 SDRAM refresh Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.3.4 SDRAM initialisation Period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.4 USB interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.5 UART module for RS232 interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.5.1 RS232 Physical interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.5.2 UART Module Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.6 Power management and battery type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.6.1 Power switching to USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.6.2 Switched sensor supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.6.3 Battery type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.7 Quartz Crystal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.8 Numeric LCD interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.8.1 LCD types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.8.2 LCD interface pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.9 Switches and LED’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.9.1 MODE push button and SHUTTER push button: GPIO0 and GPIO1 . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.9.2 Input to select between 50 and 60Hz flicker frequency: GPIO3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.9.3 LED indicator output: GPIO5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
4.9.4 Unused pins: GPIO2, 4, 6, 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5. PC software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.1 Driver support available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.2 Demonstration software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.3 OEM software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.4 Software Development Kit (SDK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.4.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
5.4.2 API Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6. Customisation options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7. Detailed chipset specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.1 Typical camera specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
CDSTV0680F-C
CDSTV0680F-CTOC.fm
Commercial in confidence
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
7.2 STV0680/STV0680A companion processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.3 VV6444 Sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
7.4 VV6410 and VV6500 sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
7.5 Typical current consumption of complete camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
7.5.1 Using VV6444 (sensor operates at @ 5V DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
7.5.2 Using VV6410/6500 (sensor operates at @ 3.3V DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
8. STV0680A Pin descriptions and Package Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
8.1 STV0680A Pin Listing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
8.2 STV0680A pinout diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
8.3 STV0680A Package Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
9. Schematics and example parts list for complete camera design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
9.1 Schematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
9.2 Example Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
10. VV6444 Sensor Pinout and Package Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
10.1 VV6444 Pin Listing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
10.2 VV6444 Pinout Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
10.3 VV6444 Package Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
11. VV6410 Pinout information and package dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
11.1 VV6410 pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
11.2 VV6410 Pin descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
11.3 VV6410 package Details (36pin CLCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
12. VV6500 Pinout and pin descriptions (48pin LCC package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
12.1 Pinout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
12.2 VV6500 pin descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
12.3 VV6500 package Details (48 pin LCC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
13. Evaluation kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
14. Ordering details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Revision notes
The following changes have been included since revision 2.00.
Removed all schematics and only show example parts list, instead referring to respective reference designs (in Section 9.)
•
Documentation now refers to STV0680A which supercedes STV0680 - see Section 1.2 for explanation.
•
Clarified which STV0680/680A variants and which PC operating systems offer VfW support and RS232 support, offering VfW
support - see Table 3.
•
Updated STV0680A pin descriptions (pinout not changed) in Section 8.
•
Confirmed user interface functionality in Section 3. and added Table 6 to show modes of operation and button functions.
•
Section 3.: Images captured in both ‘High’ and ‘Low’ resolution can be stored in camera memory at the same time. Therefore
there is no need for images stored in memory to be cleared before changing image resolution.
•
Changed IR filter recommendation, see section Section 2.1.1.
•
Added approximate shutter speeds, in Table 10.
•
Adjusted sensor image array sizes in Section 7. to the correct sizes.
•
Updated ordering information in Section 14.
•
Updated current consumption information of STV0680, STV0680A, VV6444, and complete camera, see Section 7.2 and
Section 7.5.
•
Added VfW framerates for STV0680A (Section 2.1).
•
New order number STV0680A-002
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1.
1.1
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Introduction
Digital camera chipset
This document describes the features and functionality of a CMOS chipset, comprising an STMicroelectronics (ST) CIF or VGA
resolution sensor and an STV0680A companion processor (formerly known as DCA1: Digital Camera ASIC 1), as well as
outlining what peripheral components are required/supported in order to complete a camera using the chipset. Such a camera is
particularly suited to dual-mode digital stills or toy applications.
In stills mode, the camera stores raw image data in memory. The camera carries out no colour processing, ensuring its simplicity
and low cost. Subsequent download of raw data to a PC for processing is done through an RS232 (not STV0680-001) or USB
interface, through demo software, a TWAIN driver, or OEM custom application. The license to use the colour algorithm
(embedded in the PC driver software) is included in the price of the chipset.
Precise design guidelines are available from ST as a reference design (see Section 9.) A PC software development kit (SDK) is
available from ST, to interface to the camera and provide the basis for developing a custom software application for stills and/or
video, which includes colour processing software.
O ptional
2 x 7 seg. LCD
Optional
LED Indicator
Push buttons:
M ode
Shutter
Low cost lens
CMOS Sensor:
VV6444/6410
(CIF)
VV6500
(VGA)
G PIO
LCD m em ory
D river
I/F
Sensor
I/F
R S232
I/F
16M Bit or 64M Bit
SDRAM
Sensor data
Sensor clock
O ptional
Piezo
Buzzer
M ini
speaker
STV0680A
USB
I/F
PW M
A udio I/F
Detect Low
Battery
RS232 interface
to PC
Transceiver
C ircuit
USB interface
to PC
P ower
M anagem ent
C ircuit
Buffer A m p
12M Hz XTA L
6-9V Battery e.g., PP 3,
4-6 x AA, A AA, etc
3v3 supply (S TV0680A)
Switched sensor supply (5V for V V6444, 3v3 for VV 6410/6500)
Figure 1 : Typical camera system block diagram
1.2
Co-processor choices
The following co-processor choices are available. The STV0680A supercedes STV0680, and uses different silicon and different
firmware compared to STV0680. Functionally it is exactly the same as STV0680 except that it supports a VfW driver. In addition,
a new firmware variant means that the STV0680A also supports VV6410 and VV6500 sensors, as well as 64Mbit memory size.
The firmware variant of STV0680 denoted by STV0680-001 does not support RS232 interface.:
Coprocessor
Sensors
supported
SDRAM
supported
USB
interface
RS232
interface
Video for
Windows
support
STV0680-001
VV6444
16Mbit only
Yes
No
No
STV0680A-002
VV6444/6410/6500
16Mbit or 64Mbit
Yes
Yes
Yes
Table 1 : Product choices
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A video option is provided, when tethered through USB, which can allow for Video for Windows applications, and ‘video clips’ can
be recorded while untethered by continuously capturing images while in ‘Continuous’ mode, then downloaded to the PC for
playback, using software to create an AVI file.
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
1.3
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Sensor choices
The following sensors are supported:
Sensor
Resolution
Sensor supply
voltage
VV6444
CIF (352 x 288)
5v
VV6410
3.3v
VV6500
VGA (640 x 480)
1.4
Key system features
The key features of a typical camera based on the STV0680A chipset are as follows:
1.4.1
Image features (STV0680A-002)
•
Support for 5V or 3.3V CIF resolution sensor (VV6444 or VV6410) - 352 x 288 pixels
•
Support for 3.3V VGA resolution sensor (VV6500) - 640 x 480 pixels
•
80 picture storage capacity possible for CIF, with 64MB memory
•
26 picture storage capacity for VGA, with 64MBit memory
•
A greater number of images can be stored when ‘Low’ resolution mode is enabled (e.g. 80 QCIF images with 16Mbit memory,
106 QVGA images with 64Mbit memory). See Table 4 and Table 5.
•
Automatic anti-flicker exposure and gain control
1.4.2
Image features (STV0680-001)
•
Supports 5V CIF resolution sensor (VV6444) - 352 x 288 pixels.
•
20 picture storage capacity possible for CIF with 16MB memory.
•
80 picture storage capacity possible for QCIF with 16MB memory.
•
Automatic anti-flicker exposure and gain control
1.4.3
User features on camera
•
Self-timer mode allows a picture to be captured after several seconds.
•
Twin 7 segment LCD panel supported - showing number of pictures left, and modes.
•
Picture counter helps the user to know how much memory is left.
•
Un-tethered ‘Continuous’ mode allows capture of image sequences for storage in memory and subsequent download to PC.
•
Piezo buzzer indicates a number of useful events to the user, e.g. whether enough light is present for picture capture, etc.
•
Indicator LED.
1.4.4
User features on PC software
PC software allows a number of features, including fast download of thumbnail images for picture selection, and automatic
detection and correction of sensor defects. Table 3 clarifies the driver compatibility available, including:
•
TWAIN driver to suit all TWAIN compatible imaging applications
•
Video for Windows driver for tethered video mode (through USB), available at all resolutions, with fastest framerates at QCIF
resolution
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Table 2 : Sensor choices with STV0680/STV0680A
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
AVI video file creation from image sequences captured in ‘continuous’ mode
Interface type:
PC Operating system:
RS232
Win9x, WinNT4, Win2k
USB
Win98 and Win2k only
STV680-001
Not available
TWAIN
STV0680A-002
TWAIN
TWAIN, VfW
Table 3 : Driver choices
Custom OEM software can be developed by using the SDK (for SDK availability, contact ST), to upload thumbnails/still images or
‘continuous’ images, e.g. for AVI file creation.
Power management features and USB compliance
•
Picture retention with extremely low power operation, which appears to the user as if the camera is “switched off”.
•
Auto power-off after 30sec with no user activity
•
Operates from 6-9V battery, although system voltage is 5V or 3.3V, dependant on sensor.
•
Low battery detection
•
Dependant on hardware configuration, switch-over to USB power supply is supported, to allow the device to operate with low
batteries or without batteries, when connected to USB.
•
Full USB compliance requirements are listed in the USB specification, however, in a camera designed using this chipset, the
following must at least be included: (a) an SDRAM with sufficiently low self-refresh current, (b) USB inrush protection circuitry,
and (c) (in the case of VV6444 only) a switched 5V sensor supply is used, to maintain sufficient supply voltage to the 5V
sensor. See Section 9. for further details.
1.4.6
General features
•
High speed picture download over USB
•
ST Colour processing algorithms available under license (as part of drivers/SDK)
•
USB or RS232 serial interface options, and VfW / TWAIN driver support.
•
Customisation of STV0680A is possible to vary the features described in this document, subject to commercial agreement
with ST, see Section 6.
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1.4.5
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
2.
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Detailed features
2.1
Sensor type and image formats
The sensor type is auto-detected by STV0680A, which ensures that the correct sensor timing is enabled, and the correct image
resolutions are enabled, as shown in Table 4.
For stills photography, ‘High’ or ‘Low’ resolution mode can be selected, to give CIF or QCIF pictures from a CIF sensor, and VGA
or QVGA from a VGA sensor (see Table 4 and Section 3.7). Reduced resolution allows for storage of more images. Images
captured in both ‘High’ and ‘Low’ resolution can be stored in camera memory at the same time. Therefore there is no need for
images stored in memory to be cleared before changing image resolution.
Sensor
Image Size
Resolution
mode
Final Image Size
Max. no. of
images
stored in
16MBit
memory
VV6444/
6410
CIF 352 x 288
High
CIF 352 x 288
20
80
9 frames/sec
Low
QCIF 176 x 144
(Subsampled)
80
320
(see notes)
25 frames/sec
VV6500
VGA 640 x 480
High
VGA 640 x 480
(6)
26
2 frames/sec
Low
QVGA 320 x 240
(Subsampled)
(24)
106
12 frames/sec
Sensor
Max. no. of
images
stored in
64MBit
memory
Approximate
VfW framerate
(*)
Table 4 : Image modes supported (STV0680A-002)
*Notes:
1. VfW framerate is dependant on PC performance and USB bus loading
2. Not all image sizes are supported by all STV0680/680A variants - see Table 2 for clarification.
3. A CIF camera with STV0680A-002 and 64Mbit SDRAM can store up to 320 images by using QCIF mode. Where >99 images
are still available, the LCD display will remain at 99. Where (no. of images available) <99, the LCD display will show the
number of images available, as is the case with all other modes.
Sensor
VV6444
Sensor
Image
Size
CIF 352 x
288
Resolution
mode
Final Image Size
Max. no. of
images
stored in
16MBit
memory
High
CIF 352 x 288
20
Low
QCIF 176 x 144
(Subsampled)
80
Table 5 : Image modes supported (STV0680-001)
2.1.1
VV6444
VV6444 is a CIF resolution, 5V CMOS imaging sensor. A brief specification is shown in Section 7. VV6444 has the same
functionality and array size as the un-microlensed VV6404 sensor, but has a microlensed array and different colour
characteristics. Although the VV64444 and VV6404 are electrically identical, the STV0680 and STV0680A use the correct
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Where USB is connected, the host PC software (through a Video for Windows driver) can activate tethered video mode,
regardless of the user inputs to the camera buttons. In this case, the image resolution is controlled by the PC driver..
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
settings for the VV6444 colour set. This means that a VV6404 should not be used with STV0680/680A.
For IR filter design, the best choice filter follows the GS0034 dielectric stack filter specification, which is available from ST. An
alternative, although not optimal filter, would be Schott S8612 doped glass, also sold as CM500.
2.1.2
VV6410
VV6410 is a CIF resolution, 3.3V CMOS imaging sensor. A brief specification is shown in Section 7.
A dual design to support VV6444 and VV6410 is not possible, since VV6410 is a 3v3 sensor. A dual footprint for VV6410 and
VV6500 is not possible since the package types differ, however, the same support circuit is used. See Section 9.
2.1.3
VV6500
VV6500 is a VGA resolution, 3.3V CMOS imaging sensor. A brief specification is shown in Section 7.
A dual design to support VV6444 and VV6500 is not possible, since VV6500 is a 3v3 sensor. A dual footprint for VV6410 and
VV6500 is not possible since the package types differ, however, the same support circuit is used. See Section 9.
User interface
The user interface supported by STV0680A comprises of user controls, audible signals and visual displays.
! Note
2.2.1
The precise functionality of the user interface may vary from that of existing demonstration units. The
version shown here is close to the actual functionality available in STV0680A.
Push buttons
The following are typical of the type of functions which are supported by the chipset. These functions are achievable with no more
than 2 push buttons.
1. Mode button (Wake-up/Switch between modes): This button allows the user (1.1) to wake the camera up from standby mode
when the camera is to be used for taking pictures, or (1.2) to switch between modes of operation shown in Section 3..
2. Shutter button (Shutter/confirm action): This button allows the user to take a picture or confirm an action, as shown in Section 3.
The modes of operation are described in Section 3.
2.2.2
LED indicator
An LED display camera status, i.e. to show that the camera is in ‘Snapshot’ mode.
2.2.3
Picture counter using 2 x 7 segment display
STV0680A stores a picture counter value, which shows how many images can still be captured. STV0680A supports a 2x7
segment LCD panel. In ‘Snapshot’ mode and continuous capture mode, this LCD panel displays the number of pictures still
available, which is useful to identify when the user is approaching the maximum number of images which can be stored (see
Table 4 and Table 5). It is possible to clear the images stored in memory, in order to continue taking pictures, as shown in Table
6. In other modes, this LCD panel shows displays a 2-character code as shown in Table 6, which helps the user to navigate
around the modes.
Note: A CIF camera with STV0680A-002 and 64Mbit SDRAM can store up to 320 images by using QCIF mode. Where >99
images are still available, the LCD display will remain at 99. Where (no. of images available) <99, the LCD display will show the
number of images available, as is the case with all other modes.
For suitable numeric LCD panel types, see Section 4.8.
2.2.4
Piezo buzzer
An on-chip Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) on STV0680A is used to generate buzzer sounds to signal certain events. The
following are typical of the type of events which are indicated by the buzzer, and each has its own distinctive sound:
1. Camera has been ‘Woken up’ from standby mode (either by the user pressing a button, by re-connecting the power source,
or by connecting a USB/RS232 connection).
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2. Camera has been ‘gone to sleep’ i.e. moved into standby mode. Pictures are retained in memory.
3. Picture has been successfully taken after the user presses the capture button.
4. Picture has NOT been taken after the user presses the capture button. This indicates to the user that there is insufficient
light, or that the exposure control was not ready due to a rapid change of lighting in the scene.
5. Picture has NOT been taken after the user presses the capture button, due to picture counter having reached the maximum
number of images. The user has the chance to zero the counter if desired.
6. End of continuous capture in un-tethered ‘Continuous’ mode, due to memory full.
7. Self-timer activated and counting down.
Battery Level Detect and USB auto-switch
An on-chip battery level detector on STV0680A detects when the battery voltage falls below a threshold. This threshold is
determined by the designer, dependant on the perception of what remains as ‘acceptable’ image quality as the battery voltage
falls. The chosen threshold level is determined by a resistor value, as shown in Section 9. Where no USB has been detected, the
LCD display flashes, which indicates that the battery is low. Where a USB connection has been detected, the camera sources
power from USB, if certain additional hardware is fitted.
Note: It may be a requirement of certain USB compliance tests that such additional hardware is included in the camera design, in
order to enable the camera to switch to supply from USB and hence report back to the PC while connected to the USB bus
without a battery.
2.4
PC interface options and software support
Either USB Interface (full speed 12Mbit/sec max.) or RS232 interface (115.2Kbaud) is supported by the chipset, with driver
software available from ST for both. The interface type is auto-detected by the chipset. PC software can be one of the following
(exact compatibility is clarified in Table 3):
1. Simple image upload demonstration software supplied by ST, allowing uploading of stills or ‘continuous’ images. This software should not be supplied as an end-user product.
2. TWAIN driver to suit all TWAIN compatible imaging applications
3. Video for Windows driver for tethered video mode (USB only)
4. Custom end-user software developed by OEM using SDK (for SDK availability, contact ST). The SDK is supplied by ST as a
32-bit DLL format, running on Windows 98, and accessed through a documented software interface. This provides the basis
for developing a custom software application for uploading stills and/or video. See Section 5. for further details.
2.4.1
USB
Complete images (displayed as either thumbnails or in full resolution), or the entire SDRAM contents (e.g. for uploading
continuously captured image sequences, recorded using ‘Continuous Capture’ mode) can be downloaded through USB, and
USB connection also allows for tethered video mode to be activated by the USB driver.
Thumbnail image download is extremely fast for the entire memory contents in the camera. Once a picture is selected for
download, full image download takes approximately 0.15 seconds per image for a CIF image (0.6 seconds for a VGA image),
plus post processing time per image.
For USB interface details, see Section 4.4.
Note: Actual USB download and post processing time also depends on PC performance and USB bus loading
2.4.2
RS232 (not available on STV0680-001)
Thumbnails of images, complete stored images, or the entire SDRAM contents can be downloaded through RS232, but tethered
video is not supported.
Once a picture is selected for download, full image download takes approximately 10 seconds per image for a CIF image (around
30 seconds for a VGA image), plus post processing time per image (of the order of 1 second approximately).
For RS232 interface details, see Section 4.5.
Note: Actual post processing time after RS232 download also depends on PC performance
2.5
Anti-flicker exposure and gain control
The chipset operates automatic exposure and gain control for either 50Hz or 60Hz mains-driven indoor lighting, using the same
12MHz crystal. This improves picture quality by selecting a set of exposure values which minimise ‘flicker’ effects. Detection of
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the mains frequency is dependant on the status of the GPIO3 pin, which can be achieved by population of a PCB link at a late
stage in production, once the country of destination is known, without the need to change the crystal frequency.
The auto exposure and gain algorithm is always enabled during ’Snapshot’/self-timer/continuous mode. When the shutter button
is pressed in ‘Snapshot’ mode, the chipset captures an image if the exposure and gain value has reached a suitable value for the
current scene. If the light detected has suddenly changed, the camera may emit an audible tone to indicate that more time is
required to reach the correct exposure target. In ‘Snapshot’ mode the chipset only captures the image data if sufficient light is
present in the image. In continuous capture mode, the chipset captures images regardless of whether enough light is present.
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Note: Auto-detect of the mains lighting frequency is not currently supported.
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Camera modes of operation
Mode
If shutter button pressed while in
this mode
If mode button
pressed while in this
mode
If no further
action
LCD
displays
Standby
mode
No function - pictures cannot be taken in
standby mode
Wakes up camera into
‘Snapshot’ mode
Remains in
standby mode
(Display is
blank)
’Snapshot’
mode
Takes one picture, if sufficient light available, then returns to ‘Snapshot’ mode
Moves to continuous capture mode
Stays in ‘Snapshot’ mode for
30 seconds then
moves to
standby mode
Number of pictures still available to take
Continuous capture
Takes a picture every 80mS while button
pressed, regardless of light available, then
returns to ‘Snapshot’ mode
Moves to self timer mode
Returns to
‘Snapshot’ mode
after 5 seconds
Number of pictures still available to take
Self timer
Takes one picture after a 10 second countdown, if sufficient light available, then
returns to ‘Snapshot’ mode
Moves to ‘Clear camera’
mode
“St”
Moves to ‘Change resolution’ mode (see note)
“CL”
Returns to ‘Snapshot’
mode
If currently in
Low Resolution: “Hr”
If currently in
High resolution: “Lr”
’Clear
camera’
’Change
resolution’
(1st press:)
Prompts user to
clear camera
(2nd press:) Clears all
images stored in camera, then returns to
‘Snapshot’ mode
Changes resolution (i.e. Low to High, or
High to Low) and returns to ‘Snapshot’
mode
Table 6 : Camera modes
Note: In STV0680-001, pressing the Mode button while in ‘Clear Camera’ mode only moves onto ‘Change resolution’ mode if the
camera has no images stored. This is because in STV0680-001, mixed resolutions (i.e. ‘High’ and ‘Low’) cannot be stored at the
same time. In STV0680A-002, mixed resolutions can be stored at the same time.
The above modes are interrupted by the detection of a USB or RS232 connection. This is to allow for the possibility that the PC
driver takes control of the chipset (e.g. when starting a VfW application through USB).
3.1
3.1.1
Standby mode (or USB suspend mode)
Entering this mode
The camera enters standby mode automatically after 30 seconds of inactivity if not tethered to USB, or when USB suspend mode
is activated by the PC driver.
3.1.2
Description
This allows image data to be stored in memory with extremely low power consumption, which appears to the user as if the
camera is switched ‘off’, since there is no LCD display or LED lit. In VV6444-based designs, STV0680A powers off the sensor
completely, in VV6410/6500 based designs, the sensor is placed in suspend mode, and the camera enters a mode where only
SDRAM refresh is carried out. The shutter button is inactive in standby mode.
3.1.3
Exiting this mode
Wake-up from standby mode is achieved by any of the following means:
1. Pressing the ‘mode’ button (only if no USB detected)
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2. RS232 receives start bit from host software (only if no USB detected)
3. USB connection detected
4. If in USB suspend mode, USB driver re-starts communications with the camera as per USB specification
3.2
3.2.1
‘Snapshot’ mode (in High or Low resolution)
Entering this mode
This is the default mode on wake-up when not tethered to the PC, i.e. pressing the Mode button while in standby mode, or
powering up the camera. On entering this mode, the current resolution (i.e. ‘Hr’ or ‘Lr’) is displayed briefly, and there is a brief
pause (approx. 1second) during which pictures cannot be taken. This is to allow the Auto-exposure and Gain control to settle.
The LCD then displays the number of pictures still available.
3.2.2
Description
reached its maximum. Image data is stored in memory and picture counter is decremented.
3.2.3
Exiting this mode
After 30 seconds of non-activity, while not tethered to the PC, the camera goes into Standby mode.
3.3
3.3.1
‘Continuous Capture’ mode (in High or Low resolution)
Entering this mode
Enabled using the mode button (from ‘Snapshot’ mode, press once).
3.3.2
Description
The LCD displays “Ct”. Auto-exposure and gain are continuously enabled. While the shutter button is pressed, the user can
activate continuous capture at approx. 12.5 frames per second, to allow recording of a ‘video’ sequence, whether or not the
camera is tethered to the PC, and regardless of whether enough light is available. The picture counter is decremented once per
frame. The continuous image data is stored in memory and can then be downloaded to the PC. Once the memory is full, the user
is alerted by an audible tone. It is possible to store a mixture of still images and ‘Continuous’ images in memory.
3.3.3
Exiting this mode
After 5 seconds of non-activity, or after releasing the shutter button, the camera returns to standby mode.
3.4
3.4.1
Self-timer Mode (in High or Low resolution)
Entering this mode
Enabled using the mode button (from ‘Snapshot’ mode, press twice).
3.4.2
Description
The LCD displays “St”. Auto-exposure and gain are continuously enabled. When the shutter button is pressed, the camera counts
down 10 seconds, then grabs an image, if sufficient light available and exposure and gain algorithm settled, and picture counter
has not reached its maximum. Image data is stored in memory and picture counter is decremented.
3.4.3
Exiting this mode
After 5 seconds of non-activity, or after the timer has counted down 10 seconds, the camera returns to standby mode.
3.5
3.5.1
‘Clear camera’
Entering this mode
Enabled using the mode button (from ‘Snapshot’ mode, press three times).
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Using the shutter button, ‘Snapshot’ mode allows single pictures to be grabbed using the capture button. The LCD displays the
number of pictures still available. Auto-exposure and gain are continuously enabled. The camera grabs an image when the
capture button is pressed, if sufficient light is available, the exposure and gain algorithm is settled, and picture counter has not
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
3.5.2
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Description
The LCD displays “CL”. Pressing shutter button twice will clear all the images in the camera.
3.5.3
Exiting this mode
After 5 seconds of non-activity, or after the camera has been cleared, the camera returns to standby mode.
3.6
‘Change resolution’
3.6.1
Entering this mode
This is enabled using the mode button (from ‘Snapshot’ mode, press four times).
3.6.2
Description
The LCD displays the target resolution to which the camera can be changed, i.e. if in High resolution “Lr” (Low resolution) is
displayed, if in Low resolution, “Hr” (High resolution) is displayed. ‘High’ resolution stores the full image resolution from the sensor
array, while ‘Low’ subsamples the sensor array, to store 4x the number of images (e.g. 80 in QCIF mode, compared to 20 in CIF
mode).
Dependant on the type of sensor used, different resolutions are obtained, see Table 4 or Table 5. By pressing the shutter button,
user changes the resolution.
3.6.3
Exiting this mode
After 5 seconds of non-activity, or after the resolution has been changed, the camera returns to standby mode.
3.7
Tethered USB Video mode
3.7.1
Entering this mode
This is activated by the PC Video for Windows driver while the camera is tethered, dependant on whether VfW is supported (see
Table 3).
3.7.2
Description
The camera is controlled by the PC driver.
Note: Any images or continuous image sequences contained in the camera are lost when the video for Windows driver starts.
3.7.3
Exiting this mode
This is controlled by the PC drivers.
3.8
Powering the camera off
3.8.1
Entering this mode
This is not truly a mode of operation, but a description of what happens if:
•
The battery power and USB connection are removed from the camera
•
The battery power is removed, and the PC to which the camera is tethered, is switched off.
•
The battery voltage falls extremely low. Ways of avoiding this situation are discussed in the reference design, see Section 9.
Note: normally a camera with USB interface should source power from the USB connection, but this is hardware dependant, see
Section 9.
3.8.2
Description
In this situation, all image data is lost.
Note: under certain circumstances, the image data may be maintained if the camera or PC is powered on again after a few
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Note: In STV0680-001, the images stored in memory must be cleared before this mode can be entered. This is because in
STV0680-001, mixed resolutions (i.e. ‘High’ and ‘Low’) cannot be stored at the same time.
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
seconds, although this is not guaranteed).
3.8.3
Exiting this mode
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
When the camera is powered on again, either when the battery is re-fitted, or the USB is re-connected, or the PC is re-started, the
camera will power up into standby mode, High resolution, with all images available.
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PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
4.
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
STV0680A hardware interfaces
4.1
STV0680A pinout
The STV0680A pinout has been carefully developed to minimise the physical size of the support printed circuit board by
facilitating placement of and electrical routing to peripheral support components such as the SDRAM. The complete pinout and
listing is shown in Section 8.
4.2
Sensor interface
STV0680A uses a standard ST digital interface from the sensor, and the sensor clock input is provided by an output from
STV0680A. Designing a camera using this chipset should design as close as possible to the reference design (Section 9.), in
which case the chipset can be regarded as a functional ‘black box’, and no further details regarding the STV0680A-sensor
interface are required.
Memory interface
STV0680A is designed to interface to an external 16Mbit or 64Mbit SDRAM (see Table 4 and Table 5). The SDRAM device must
have a 16 bit wide data bus and operate from a 3.3V supply. Two sizes of SDRAM memory are supported by STV0680A, 16MBits
(1M x 16 bits wide) or 64MBits (4M x 16 bits wide), the memory size is auto-detected by STV0680A. STV0680A clocks the
SDRAM at 6MHz, typically this is well below the figures offered by most manufacturers’ devices. Devices which are PC66 and/or
PC100 compliant are preferred. For interface wiring, see Section 9.
4.3.1
SDRAM Current consumption
For maximum system battery life while no pictures are being taken, and to assist in meeting requirements for USB compliance, an
SDRAM should be chosen with the lowest possible self refresh current specification. For suggested SDRAM part numbers, see
Section 9.
4.3.2
SDRAM interface timing requirements
The following timing diagrams should be referred to when selecting SDRAM other than those recommended in Section 9.
tCK
tL
tH
DCLK
C KE
tCMS
tCMH
Command
ACTIVE
A0-9,BA
ROW
A10
ROW
tAS
READ
NOP
PRECHARGE
NOP
COLUMN
tAH
tCMS
tCMH
tO H
tA C
DQM
DQ
DOUT M
tR C D
DOUT M + 1
DOUT M + 2
DOUT M + 3
READ Latency
tR C
tR A S
tR P
D Q sam ple
D Q sam ple
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4.3
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Figure 2 : SDRAM Read Timing (16Mbit device, burst read)
tCK
tL
tH
DCLK
C KE
tCMH
Command
ACTIVE
A0-9,BA
ROW
A10
ROW
tAS
WRITE
NOP
PRECHARGE
NOP
COLUMN
tAH
tCMS
tCMH
tD S
tD H
DQM
DQ
DIN M
DIN M + 1
DIN M + 2
DIN M + 3
tR C D
tR C
tR P
tR A S
Figure 3 : SDRAM Write Timing (16Mbit device, burst write)
Symbol
Min
Max
Units
Symbol
Min
tCK
166.45
166.89
ns
tDS
81.01
ns
tCH
½
tCK
tDH
83.41
ns
tCL
½
tCK
tRCD
1
tCK
tCK
tRAS
5
tAC
½
Max
5
Units
tCK
tOH
0
ns
tRC
7
tCK
tCMS
82.88
ns
tRP
2
tCK
tCMH
82.85
ns
tRCD
1
tCK
tAS
82.88
ns
tAH
82.76
ns
Table 7 : Timing parameters for SDRAM read/write
4.3.3
SDRAM refresh Period
The SDRAM refresh period from STV0680A is guaranteed to be no greater than 15.6µS during ‘Snapshot’/self-timer/continuous/
tethered video modes of operation (i.e. not standby mode). In standby mode, the SDRAM is set to self-refresh, therefore no
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tCMS
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
refresh from STV0680A takes place.
4.3.4
SDRAM initialisation Period
The SDRAM initialisation period is currently set to 981µS in STV0680A.
4.4
USB interface
STV0680A includes a USB Version 1.1 compliant Universal Serial Bus Interface, including a transceiver. This allows direct
connection from STV0680A to a USB connector with minimal additional hardware (i.e. a small number of passive discretes) - see
Section 9.
•
Compliant with USB protocol revision 1.1.
•
USB protocol handling.
•
USB device state handling.
•
Clock and data recovery from USB.
•
Bit stripping and bit stuffing functions.
•
CRC5 checking, CRC16 generation and checking.
•
Serial to parallel conversion.
•
Single bulk end point.
USB drivers are supplied by ST. For USB timing information, please refer to the USB specification V1.1.
4.5
UART module for RS232 interface
The UART module on STV0680A provides a 115200 baud full duplex interface to an external Host.
4.5.1
RS232 Physical interface
STV0680A does not support direct connection to a serial link. Physical line driver circuitry is required, e.g. using a standard
RS232 transceiver chip, or by using a small number of low cost discretes (as shown in Section 9.). The schematics shown
assume a 3 core cable with a length of no greater than 2m. Unscreened cable can be used, a suitable low cost connector is a
3.5mm audio jack plugs/sockets.
4.5.2
UART Module Overview
Receiving data
The UART module in STV0680A receives serial data through the RXD pin. Data reception is initiated by a 1-to-0 transition on
RXD, and the received data is sampled every 8.66µS.
If the RXD input is not 0 when the incoming data is first sampled, the UART module goes back to look for another 1-to-0
transition. This is to provide rejection of false start bits. If the start bit proves valid, reception of the rest of the frame will proceed.
Transmitting data
When a transmission is activated by STV0680A, the contents of an internal transmit shift register are shifted onto the TXD pin,
every 8.66µS.
The UART operates at 12MHz, which is not an integer multiple of 115200, so the actual baud rate is 115232 +/- 0.3%, which is
well within the requirements of a typical 16x oversampling UART, which can tolerate a 3.75% error in baud rate.
4.6
Power management and battery type
STV0680A and the SDRAM require a 3.3V supply. Where a VV6410 or VV6500 (3.3v) sensor is used, a single voltage regulator
can be used to regulate the supply for all three components from the battery, or the sensor on-board VReg can be used. Where a
VV6444 is used, the sensor requires a 5V supply, hence a DC-DC converter is recommended to provide enough voltage when
the camera is powered from the USB bus. These are explained more fully in the reference design.
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The USB interface interfaces the STV0680A to the USB at full speed 12MHz data rate. Some of the features are:
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
4.6.1
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Power switching to USB
Included in the USB compliance requirements, is the ability of the camera to report to the PC when connected to the USB bus,
whether or not there is a fresh battery in the camera. This means that power sourcing from USB is required, which also saves on
battery life while the camera is used in USB tethered video mode. In order to allow switching from battery to USB power, some
additional hardware is required (see also Section 9.):
•
The USBDETECT input to STV0680A is used to detect that a USB power supply is connected
•
If the USB is detected, additional hardware is used to switch off the battery
•
An inrush protection circuit can protect the USB bus from current draw in the case of a low battery/battery not fitted. This may
be necessary to comply with the USB specification.
•
For precise USB compliance requirements, please consult the USB specification version 1.1
Switched sensor supply
Dependant on the hardware implementation, the SENSPWR output from STV0680A can be used to power off completely the
sensor during Standby mode (in the case of VV6444) or put the sensor into Suspend mode (in the case of VV6410/6500). This
has a significant improvement on battery life.
4.6.3
Battery type
This is hardware dependant. The schematics referred to in Section 9. assume either three or four 1.5V cells.
4.7
Quartz Crystal
Regardless of the sensor type or anti-flicker requirements, the sensor + STV0680A chipset operates from a single 12MHz
fundamental quartz crystal. For specification requirements, see Table 15. STV0680A includes an on-chip low jitter PLL, for PLL
characteristics, see Table 14.
4.8
Numeric LCD interface
STV0680A supports a 2-digit LCD panel only, for alpha-numeric display.
4.8.1
LCD types
STV0680A connects to a non multiplexed, direct drive LCD with 2 x 7 segments. Many LCD types are compatible with this
interface. The LCD refresh frequency is 34.7Hz.
4.8.2
LCD interface pinout
'0' connects to segment 'a', '1' connects to segment 'b', and so on, where a to g are standard for all 7-segment displays, as well as
an LCD common output, giving fifteen signals in total.
4.9
Switches and LED’s
The GPIO lines on STV0680A have pre-defined functions as follows, see Section 2.2 for user interface functionality, and Section
9. for precise hardware implementation.
! Note
4.9.1
The precise functionality of early demonstration units may vary from the actual user interface supported
by STV0680A.
MODE push button and SHUTTER push button: GPIO0 and GPIO1
Both push button inputs have internal de-bounce circuits, reducing the amount of hardware required externally. It is
recommended that labelling is used on the camera casing to help the user understand the functioning of the 2-button interface.
4.9.2
Input to select between 50 and 60Hz flicker frequency: GPIO3
This allows for factory setting of the anti-flicker frequency, dependant on the final country of destination. See also Section 2.5.
The polarity of this selection is detailed in the reference design (see Section 9.).
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4.6.2
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
4.9.3
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
LED indicator output: GPIO5
The LED output has an 8mA current sinking capability.
4.9.4
Unused pins: GPIO2, 4, 6, 7
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
These should be tied to GND.
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
5.
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
PC software
5.1
Driver support available
Interface type:
PC Operating system:
RS232
Win9x, WinNT4, Win2k
USB
Win98 and Win2k only
STV680-001
Not available
TWAIN
STV0680A-002
TWAIN
TWAIN, VfW
Table 8 : Driver choices
5.2
Demonstration software
1. Simple demonstration software for uploading thumbnails and images.
2. Video demonstration application for STV0680-001 tethered “video” mode through USB (WIN 98 only) (NOT VfW compatible). This is not required for STV0680A, which can be used with standard VfW drivers.
3. AVI creator software for uploading continuous images for creating ‘movie’ clips.
! Note
5.3
With STV0680, a simple video.exe application is provided. Whilst not being a VfW application, it gives
sufficient framerate to allow for camera test, lens focussing, etc.
OEM software
OEM’s have the following options for productisation of a camera based on the chipset:
1. TWAIN driver for uploading images, this would allow the camera to be bundled with standard TWAIN compatible imaging
software.
2. Video for Windows driver for tethered video mode through USB (WIN 98 & WIN2K only). This would allow the camera to be
bundled with standard video for windows software.
3. Development of custom end-user software, including the ST colour process, developed under license using the SDK.
5.4
Software Development Kit (SDK)
5.4.1
General
A software development kit is supplied by ST under license agreement, which allows the OEM to develop a custom application
which can perform picture download, thumbnail display, and colour processing. This supports Windows95TM (Serial interface
only) or Windows98/Win2KTM (Serial or USB), and includes features such as:
•
Very fast download (through USB) and colour display of image thumbnails for picture selection
•
Download of full image once selected by user software
•
Colour processing of full image, using the ST colour process
•
Automatic detection and correction of sensor defects
The SDK is supplied by ST as a 32-bit DLL format, running on Windows 98/Win2KTM, and accessed through a documented
software interface. This provides the basis for developing a custom software application for stills and/or video.
The ST SDK for the chipset comprises the following:
•
Interface library containing all Application Programmer’s Interface (API) functions. Provided as C library and header files.
•
All driver files necessary for chosen communications link (supplied as DLL and SYS files).
•
Documentation of all API functions including example code fragments.
All software is built as 32-bit modules for Windows 98/Win2K. The serial communications link is also supported for Windows 95.
A development environment of Microsoft Visual C++ v5 or higher is assumed.
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The following is supplied with evaluation kits/demonstration units (This software is mainly for demonstration purposes and should
NOT be supplied as an end-user product.):
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
5.4.2
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
API Overview
All OEM application software communicates with the camera by means of the API as illustrated in Figure 4.
User Application
API
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
Drivers
Camera Module
Figure 4 : Software interface
The user application, API and drivers all run on the host PC. The drivers communicate with the camera by the chosen
communications link (either serial or USB). The core API functions allow for:
•
The camera to be opened and closed as a device under the operating system
•
Query of camera information and configuration (e.g., the number of pictures taken, current mode setting)
•
Uploading of images and thumbnail images
•
Control of camera functions (e.g., taking a picture or resetting the image counter).
Both single-threaded and multi-threaded programming models are supported and the camera may be accessed using either
synchronous (i.e., blocking) or asynchronous (i.e., non-blocking or overlapped) communications. Where asynchronous
communications are used, the application developer is responsible for coordinating tasks and access to the camera.
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
6.
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Customisation options
The feature set of the STV0680A chipset encompasses the vast majority of digital stills and toy camera applications. However,
subject to commercial agreement for high volume applications, the configuration of STV0680A could be modified by ST to allow a
new chipset to be produced.
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
Please contact ST for details.
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PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
7.
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Detailed chipset specifications
7.1
Typical camera specifications
Supply Voltage:
6-9V (when powered from battery) or 5V
(when powered from USB). (* See Note 1.)
Operating Temperature range
0oC - 40oC
Example lens horizontal FOV
44o (* See note 2)
Max. RS232 cable length supported
2m
CIF output
352 x 288 pixels
QCIF output
176 x 144 pixels
VGA output (using VV6500)
640 x 480 pixels
QVGA output (using VV6500)
320 x 240 pixels
Image upload format
Raw Bayer
PC driver output format
Colour RGB bitmap
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
The following data assumes that the camera has been built according to reference design shown in Section 9.
Table 9 : Typical camera specifications
Notes:
1. Dual USB or battery power supply is only possible when the required power switching hardware is included, as shown in
Section 9.
2. Figures are approximate and depend on actual components sourced.
Sensor
Min
Max
VV6444
8.18µS
39mS
VV6410
8.67µS
44mS
VV6500
7.94µS
66mS
Table 10 : Approximate shutter speeds
7.2
STV0680/STV0680A companion processor
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Units
Supply Voltage
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
Current consumption (normal operation)
20
TBD
mA
Standby current consumption (untethered standby
mode or PC suspend mode)
0.35
TBD
mA
70
oC
Operating Temperature range
0
Package
100QFP
Exposure control
1 000 000:1
Table 11 : STV0680/STV680A Specifications
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Description
Range
Unit
Storage Temperature
(Approximate)
50 to 150
oC
Table 12 : STV0680/STV0680A Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
Description
Min
Typ
Max
Units
VDD
Power Supply
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
VILU
USB differential pad D+/D- input low
0.8
V
VIHU
USB differential pad D+/D- input high (driven)
2.0
VIHUZ
USB differential pad D+/D- input high (floating)
2.7
VDI
USB differential pad D+/D- input sensitivity
0.2
VCM
USB differential pad D+/D- common mode voltage
0.8
VOLU
USB differential pad D+/D- output low voltage
VOHU
Note
s
V
V
V
1
2.5
V
2
0.0
0.3
V
USB differential pad D+/D- output high voltage
2.8
3.6
V
VOHU
USB differential pad D+/D- output high voltage
2.8
3.6
V
VCRS
USB differential pad D+/D- output signal cross over voltage
1.3
2.0
V
RPU
USB differential pad D+/D- pullup resistor
1.425
1.575
KΩ
RPD
USB differential pad D+/D- pulldown resistor
14.25
15.75
KΩ
TFR
Rise Time
4
20
ns
TFF
Fall Time
4
20
ns
TFRFM
Differential Rise Time and Fall Time Matching
90
111.11
%
3
ZDRV
Driver Output Resistance
28
44
Ohms
4
Table 13 : STV0680/STV0680A DC Characteristics
Notes on Table 13:
1. VDI = |(D+) - (D-)|
2. VCM includes VDI range.
3. TFRFM =( TFR / TFF ).
4. ZDRV includes an external resistor of 20 Ohms serial to this transceiver.
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Condition
Peak to peak jitters
--
--
170
220
ps
@VCOfreq = 100MHz ~ 200MHz
Duty cycle
--
40
50
60
%
Operating voltage range
VDD
3
3.3
3.6
V
Input low voltage
VIL
-
0.8
V
VDD=3.3V
Input high voltage
VIH
0.7VDD
VDD
V
VDD=3.3V
Pull_in Time + Locking
Time
Tready
--
0.5
ms
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3.6
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Output Slew Rate [
Tsr(Fout)
--
0.100+0.1082*CL
--
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
ns
CL:Output Load(pF)
Table 14 : STV0680/STV0680A PLL Characteristics
Min
Crystal specification
Typ
Max
Units
50/50/10/30 (12mhz Fundamental)
Crystal frequency
12.000
MHz
Frequency tolerance
50
ppm
Temperature stability
50
ppm
Operating temperature
Load capacitance
-10
Deg. C
30
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
Parameter
pF
Table 15 : STV0680/STV0680A Crystal Tolerance
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
VV6444 Sensor
Colour Image Format
352 x 288 pixels (CIF)
Pixel Size
12.0 x 11.0µm
Image array size
4.272mm x 3.212mm
Array Format
CIF
Sensor signal / Noise ratio
Approx. 48dB (* See note 1)
Supply Voltage
5.0V DC +/-5%
Package type
48LCC
Operating Temp. range
0oC - 40oC
Current consumption
Min
Typ
Max
Units
’Snapshot’/self-timer/continuous/tethered
video modes of operation
30
TBD
mA
Standby/PC Suspend Mode, sensor powered off (see note 2)
Negligible
TBD
µA
Standby/PC Suspend Mode, sensor powered on (See note 3)
Approx.
300
TBD
µA
Table 16 : VV6444 Specifications
* Notes:
1. 48dB refers to VV6404. With the addition of microlenses on VV6444, an increase in sensitivity can be expected.
2. Where the sensor is completely powered off by a FET or switcher (external hardware) during the Standby/PC Suspend
Mode.
3. Where the FET/switcher is not implemented, and the sensor is powered throughout Standby/PC Suspend Mode, however
the sensor clock is disabled.
Parameter
Min.
Max.
Notes
VIL
-0.5v
0.3 x VDD
Guaranteed input low voltage
VIH
0.7 x VDD
VDD + 0.5v
Guaranteed input high voltage
0.4V
At max IOL for pad type
IOH = 100µA
At max IOH for pad type
VOL
VOH
2.4v
VDD - 0.5v
TJ Junction Temp
0 deg C
100 deg C
Internal Pullup resistor
35kΩ
150kΩ
Internal Pulldown resistor
35kΩ
150kΩ
Table 17 : VV6444 DC Characteristics
7.4
VV6410 and VV6500 sensors
Colour Image Format
352 x 288 pixels (CIF)
Pixel Size
7.5 x 6.9µm
Table 18 : VV6410 Specifications
29
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Image array size
2.67mm x 2.04mm
Array Format
CIF
Sensor signal / Noise ratio
Approx. 57dB
Package type
36LCC
Supply Voltage
3.3V DC +/-5%
Operating Temp. range
0oC - 40oC
Current consumption:
Min
Typ
Max
Units
’Snapshot’/self-timer/continuous/tethered
video modes of operation
25
TBD
mA
Standby Mode/PC Suspend Mode, SUSPEND pin asserted (see note 1)
<100
TBD
µA
Standby Mode/PC Suspend Mode, SUSPEND pin not asserted (see note 2)
<300
TBD
µA
Table 18 : VV6410 Specifications
Notes:
1. Assuming appropriate external hardware recommendations are implemented (see Section 9.), the sensor SUSPEND pin is
asserted during Standby Mode/PC Suspend Mode. Hence the sensor is placed in Sensor Suspend mode by means of (a) a
Serial interface message and (b) the SUSPEND pin being asserted.
2. Where the external hardware does not permit the sensor SUSPEND pin to be asserted during Standby Mode/PC Suspend
Mode, the sensor is placed in Sensor Suspend mode by means of a Serial interface message only. This increases current
consumption due to a pull-up on the SUSPEND pin.
Colour Image Format
640 x 480 pixels (VGA)
Pixel Size
7.5 x 7.5µm
Image array size
4.89mm x 3.66mm
Array Format
VGA
Sensor signal / Noise ratio
Approx. 57dB
Supply Voltage
3.3V DC +/-5%
Package type
48LCC
Operating Temp. range
0oC - 40oC
Current consumption:
Min
Typ
Max
Units
’Snapshot’/self-timer/continuous/tethered
video modes of operation
30
TBD
mA
Standby Mode/PC Suspend Mode, SUSPEND pin asserted (see note 1)
<100
TBD
µA
Standby Mode/PC Suspend Mode, SUSPEND pin not asserted (see note 2)
<300
TBD
µA
Table 19 : VV6500 Specifications
Notes:
1. Assuming appropriate external hardware recommendations are implemented (see Section 9.), the sensor SUSPEND pin is
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Parameter
Min.
Max.
Notes
VIL
-0.5v
0.3 x VDD
Guaranteed input low voltage
VIH
0.7 x VDD
VDD + 0.5v
Guaranteed input high voltage
0.4V
At max IOL for pad type
IOH = 100µA
At max IOH for pad type
VOL
VOH
2.4v
VDD - 0.5v
TJ Junction Temp
0 deg C
100 deg C
Standard Pullup (SDA, SCL)
35µA current
draw
52µA current
draw
Standard Pulldown (OEB)
25µA current
draw
42µA current
draw
Non-standard Pullup
(RESETB)
66µA current
draw
250µA current
draw
Table 20 : VV6410/6500 DC Characteristics
7.5
Typical current consumption of complete camera
The following data assumes that the camera has been built according to reference design referred to in Section 9. Figures are
approximate and depend on actual components sourced - see notes.
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asserted during Standby Mode/PC Suspend Mode. Hence the sensor is placed in Sensor Suspend mode by means of (a) a
Serial interface message and (b) the SUSPEND pin being asserted.
2. Where the external hardware does not permit the sensor SUSPEND pin to be asserted during Standby Mode/PC Suspend
Mode, the sensor is placed in Sensor Suspend mode by means of a Serial interface message only. This increases current
consumption due to a pull-up on the SUSPEND pin.
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Using VV6444 (sensor operates at @ 5V DC)
Mode
Typical Current
Cons.
Comments
’Snapshot’/Continuous/
Self timer mode (while
un-tethered)
80mA
’Snapshot’/Continuous/
Self timer mode (while
tethered to PC)
80mA
Camera standby mode
(when NOT connected to
USB)
Approx. 0.4mA +
SDRAM self-refresh
current (see note 2)
Assuming appropriate hardware included, power is
sourced from PC while USB connected.
Total current in this mode equals:
STV0680/680A Standby current consumption (see note 1)
+ SDRAM self-refresh current (see note 2)
+ peripheral circuitry (approx. 50µA, see note 3).
Suspend mode
(when connected to
USB)
Approx. 0.6mA +
SDRAM self-refresh
current (see note 2)
Total current in this mode equals:
STV0680/680A Standby current consumption (see note 1)
+ SDRAM self-refresh current (see note 2)
+ peripheral circuitry (approx. 50µA, see note 3).
+ 200µA , based on 1.5k pull-up in camera (see Section
9.) and 15k pull-down in PC.
Table 21 : Current consumption, complete STV0680A+VV6444 camera
Notes:
1. See Table 11 on page 26.
2. From limited evaluation, typical self-refresh current figures of certain SDRAM chips are well below manufacturers’ maximum
specification, e.g. 100-250µA. See Section 9. for recommendations.
3. This is assuming a low quiescent current 3v3 VReg is used, and assuming that the sensor is switched off using external circuitry.
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7.5.1
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
7.5.2
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Using VV6410/6500 (sensor operates at @ 3.3V DC)
Mode
Typical
Comments
’Snapshot’/Continuous/
Self timer mode (while
un-tethered)
60mA
Assuming appropriate hardware included, power is sourced from PC
while USB connected.
’Snapshot’/Continuous/
Self timer mode (while
tethered to PC)
60mA
Standby Mode (when
NOT connected to USB):
Sensor SUSPEND pin
asserted (see note 4)
Approx. 0.5mA +
SDRAM selfrefresh current (see
note 2)
Total current in this mode equals:
STV0680A Standby current consumption (see note 1)
+ SDRAM self-refresh current (see note 2)
+ Sensor suspend mode current (See note 3)
PC Suspend mode
(when connected to
USB): Sensor SUSPEND
pin asserted (see note 4)
Approx. 0.7mA +
SDRAM selfrefresh current (see
note 2)
Total current in this mode equals:
STV0680A Standby current consumption (see note 1)
+SDRAM self-refresh current (see note 2)
+ peripheral circuitry (approx. 50µA).
+ 200µA , based on 1.5k pull-up in camera (see Section 9.) and 15k
pull-down in PC.
+ Sensor suspend mode current (See note 3)
Table 22 : Current consumption, complete STV0680A+VV6410/6500 camera
Notes:
1. See Table 11 on page page 26. However, STV0680A mean current consumption is to be determined by measurement of
sample quantity in due course.
2. From limited evaluation, typical self-refresh current figures of certain SDRAM chips are well below manufacturers’ maximum
specification, e.g. 100-250µA. See Section 9. for recommendations.
3. Sensor suspend mode current <100µA when SUSPEND pin asserted, see Table 18 and Table 19.
4. If the appropriate hardware to assert the sensor SUSPEND pin is not fitted, an addditional current consumption in this mode
of up to 200µA can be expected.
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+ peripheral circuitry (approx. 50µA).
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
8.
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
STV0680A Pin descriptions and Package Information
8.1
STV0680A Pin Listing
Pin no.
Signal
Type
Description
drive
69
SENSPWR
Output, active high
Power-up Sensor
2mA (SL)
68
SENSRST
Output, active low
Reset Sensor
2mA (SL)
60
SCL
Input/Output (OD,T)
Sensor serial interface
4mA (SL)
61
SDA
Input/Output (OD,T)
Sensor serial interface
4mA (SL)
62
SD3
Input (S,T)
Sensor data
63
SD2
Input (S,T)
Sensor data
64
SD1
Input (S,T)
Sensor data
65
SD0
Input (S,T)
Sensor data
66
QCLK
Input (S,T)
Qualification clock from sensor
67
SCLKO
Output
Clock output to sensor
4mA
GPIO (see note)
77
GPIO0 (MODE)
Debounced input
Push button (Wake-up/Mode)
8mA (SL)
76
GPIO1
(SHUTTER)
Debounced input
Push button (Shutter/Confirm)
8mA (SL)
75
GPIO2
IO (OD)
Not used (tie to GND with 0R link)
8mA (SL)
74
GPIO3 (50/60)
Debounced input
Link to select between 50Hz and 60Hz lighting
8mA (SL)
73
GPIO4
IO (OD)
Not used (tie to GND with 0R link)
8mA (SL)
72
GPIO5
Output (OD)
LED indicator
8mA (SL)
71
GPIO6
IO (OD)
Not used (tie to GND with 0R link)
8mA (SL)
70
GPIO7
IO (OD)
Not used (tie to GND with 0R link)
8mA (SL)
USB Interface
42
USBDETECT
Input (S)
43
DATA+
Input/Output
44
DATA-
Input/Output
Detect Power source from USB.
USB speci(For camera with RS232 only, this pin should be tied to GND) fication
V1.1 comUSB bus
pliant I/O
(For camera with RS232 only, this pin should be connected to
test points to allow for USB production test (lens focussing))
USB bus.
(For camera with RS232 only, this pin should be connected to
test points to allow for USB production test (lens focussing))
RS232 Interface
58
TXD
Output
Serial data transmit
(For camera with USB only, this pin should be tied to RXD)
59
RXD
Input (S)
Serial data receive
(For camera with USB only, this pin should be tied to TXD)
4mA (SL)
STV0680A Master Clocks and Reset
48
XIN
Input
Quartz Crystal IN
49
XOUT
Output
Quartz Crystal OUT
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Sensor Interface
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Pin no.
Signal
Type
Description
51
RESET
Input (S)
Active (LOW) STV0680A reset
drive
20
DQMU
Output
Data input/output mask for dram_DQ[15:8]
2mA (SL)
22
DCLK
Output
Clock: all SDRAM input signals are sampled on the positive
edge
4mA
24
CKE
Output
Clock enable: activates (HIGH) and deactivates (LOW) the
SDRAM CLK signal
2mA (SL)
28
AD11
Output
SDRAM address A11 for 64M SDRAM or BA for 16M
SDRAM
2mA (SL)
31
AD9
Output
SDRAM address A9
2mA (SL)
33
AD8
Output
SDRAM address A8
2mA (SL)
35
AD7
Output
SDRAM address A7
2mA (SL)
37
AD6
Output
SDRAM address A6
2mA (SL)
39
AD5
Output
SDRAM address A5
2mA (SL)
41
AD4
Output
SDRAM address A4
2mA (SL)
40
AD3
Output
SDRAM address A3
2mA (SL)
38
AD2
Output
SDRAM address A2
2mA (SL)
36
AD1
Output
SDRAM address A1
2mA (SL)
34
AD0
Output
SDRAM address A0
2mA (SL)
32
AD10
Output
SDRAM address A10
2mA (SL)
26
AD12
Output
SDRAM address A12, BA0 for 64M SDRAM, unused on 16M 2mA (SL)
30
AD13
Output
SDRAM address A13, BA1 for 64M SDRAM, unused on 16M 2mA (SL)
25
CS
Output, active low
Chip select: enables (registered LOW) and disables (registered HIGH) the SDRAM command decoder.
2mA (SL)
23
RAS
Output, active low
SDRAM row address strobe command
2mA (SL)
21
CAS
Output, active low
SDRAM column address strobe command
2mA (SL)
19
WE
Output, active low
SDRAM write enable command
2mA (SL)
18
DQML
Output
Data input/output mask for dram_DQ[7:0]
2mA (SL)
16
DQ7
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
14
DQ6
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
12
DQ5
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
10
DQ4
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
8
DQ3
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
6
DQ2
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
4
DQ1
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
100
DQ0
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
2
DQ15
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
5
DQ14
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
7
DQ13
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
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System Memory (SDRAM) Interface
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Pin no.
Signal
Type
Description
drive
9
DQ12
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
11
DQ11
Input/Output
SDRAM Data Bus
2mA (SL)
13
DQ10
Input/Output
SDRAM Data bus
2mA (SL)
15
DQ9
Input/Output
SDRAM Data bus
2mA (SL)
17
DQ8
Input/Output
SDRAM Data bus
2mA (SL)
85
LCDCOM
Output
LCD Common
2mA (SL)
93
LCD1_6
Output
LCD digit 1 segment G
2mA (SL)
94
LCD1_5
Output
LCD digit 1 segment F
2mA (SL)
95
LCD1_4
Output
LCD digit 1 segment E
2mA (SL)
96
LCD1_3
Output
LCD digit 1 segment D
2mA (SL)
97
LCD1_2
Output
LCD digit 1 segment C
2mA (SL)
98
LCD1_1
Output
LCD digit 1 segment B
2mA (SL)
99
LCD1_0
Output
LCD digit 1 segment A
2mA (SL)
86
LCD2_6
Output
LCD digit 2 segment G
2mA (SL)
87
LCD2_5
Output
LCD digit 2 segment F
2mA (SL)
88
LCD2_4
Output
LCD digit 2segment E
2mA (SL)
89
LCD2_3
Output
LCD digit 2segment D
2mA (SL)
90
LCD2_2
Output
LCD digit 2segment C
2mA (SL)
91
LCD2_1
Output
LCD digit 2 segment B
2mA (SL)
92
LCD2_0
Output
LCD digit 2 segment A
2mA (SL)
Piezo Interface
84
PIEZO
Output
Direct connection to piezo buzzer
8mA (SL)
Battery Level Comparator Interface
80
LO_BAT
Input (A)
Battery level comparator input. The voltage on low_bat is
compared to the reference to determine the battery status
79
LO_BAT_REF
Input (A)
1.22V battery level comparator reference input
Power and Ground
1, 27, 50,
56, 78
DVSS[1-5]
Power pin
Digital Ground
3, 29, 57,
83
DVDD[1-4]
Power pin
Digital Power
52
PLLGVDD
Power pin
PLL Guard Power
53
PLLGVSS
Power pin
PLL Guard Ground
54
PLLAVDD
Power pin
PLL Analog Power
55
PLLAVSS
Power pin
PLL Analog Ground
Non-user pins
45
TEST0
Input
Non-user pin - connect to 3V3
46
TEST1
Input
Non-user pin - connect to 3V3
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LCD Interface
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Pin no.
Signal
Type
Description
47
TEST2
Input
Non-user pin - connect to 3V3
81
DACRES
Non-user pin
See example schematic in Section 9.
I(A)
82
DACOUT
drive
DAC bias amplifier reference input
Non-user pin
O (A)
See example schematic in Section 9.
0-10mA (2)
8-bit DAC current source output
Table 23 : STV0680A Pin listing
•
SL - slew rate limited output
•
OD - open drain output
•
S - schmitt input
•
A - analog input/output
•
T - 5V tolerant pad (these pads do not have diode protection)
Where the I/O pad type is not explicitly defined in the above notes, assume CMOS.
Note: GPIO are not ‘general purpose’, in the sense that their function is predetermined (e.g. GPIO0 = MODE, GPIO2 is Unused),
dependant on the variant number of STV0680/STV0680A, denoted by the suffix on the part number -00x.
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Key:
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A pinout diagram
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
DQ0
LCD1_a
LCD1_b
LCD1_c
LCD1_d
LCD1_e
LCD1_f
LCD1_g
LCD2_a
LCD2_b
LCD2_c
LCD2_d
LCD2_e
LCD2_f
LCD2_g
LCDCOM
PIEZO
DVDD4
DACOUT
DACRES
8.2
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
STV0680A
100QFP
80
79
78
77
76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
LO_BAT
LO_BAT_REF
DVSS5
GPIO0 (MODE)
GPIO1 (SHUTTER)
GPIO2
GPIO3 (50/60)
GPIO4
GPIO5 (LED)
GPIO6
GPIO7
SENSPWR
SENSRST
SCLKO
QCLK
SD0
SD1
SD2
SD3
SDA
SCL
RXD
TXD
DVDD3
DVSS4
PLLAVSS
PLLAVDD
PLLGVSS
PLLGVDD
RESET
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
AD 9
A D10
AD 8
AD 0
AD 7
AD 1
AD 6
AD 2
AD 5
AD 3
AD 4
U S BD ETEC T
DA TA+
D ATATE ST0
TE ST1
TE ST2
XIN
XO U T
D VSS3
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
D VSS1
D Q 15
D VD D 1
DQ1
D Q 14
DQ2
D Q 13
DQ3
D Q 12
DQ4
D Q 11
DQ5
D Q 10
DQ6
DQ9
DQ7
DQ8
DQML
WE
DQMU
C AS
D C LK
R AS
C KE
CS
A D12
D VSS2
A D11
D VD D 2
A D13
Figure 5 : STV0680A pinout in 100QFP package
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PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A Package Dimensions
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
8.3
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Figure 6 : 100QFP Package dimensions
Note: Pin pitch is 0.65mm
For sensor pinout and package dimensions, see Section 10., Section 11., and Section 12.
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PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
9.
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Schematics and example parts list for complete camera design
9.1
Schematics
Support schematics are shown in the following documents:
•
STV0680+VV6444 Reference Design Manual
•
STV0680/680A+VV6410/6500 Reference Design Manual
Both are available in the OEM section of the ST Imaging Division web site
•
(ST internal access) http://www.edb.st.com/tech_support/home.htm
•
(all other access) http://www.vvl.co.uk/tech_support/home.htm
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
An example parts list is shown in Section 9.2, however the above documents should be referred to for the most up to date
information.
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PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
9.2
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Example Parts List
The following is taken from STV0680A + VV6410/6500 Ref Design Manual Rev 0.1.
24
24
24
24
25
25
26
27
28
28
2
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
R9,R13
R3
R5
R12
R10,R14, R16
R6,R23
R7
R8
R11
R11
RES
RES
805
805
RES
805
RES
RES
RES
RES
805
805
805
805
100K
100K
100K
100K
1M
1M
470K
82K
430K
510K
Total (Page 1)
NOTES
Up to 9v with option 2
Up to 6v with option 1
C3, C4 option 2 only
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
Bill of materials for DCA1+VV6410/6500 camera
Rev 0.1, 23rd Dec 1999
6v battery and power supply option 2 (using external 3v3 Vreg) assumed.
Non-populated options shown with grey background.
Preliminary
Page 1
# QTYREFDES
DEVICE
PACKAGE
VALUE
COST
1 1 B1
BATTERY
1 1 B1
BATTERY
2 1 C1
CAP
805
10N
3 2 C3, C4
CAP
805
100N
3 22 C2,C7,
CAP
805
100N
C8,C10,C11,
C12,C13,C14,
C17,C18,C20,
C21,C23,C24,
C25,C27,C28,
C29,C30,C31,
C32,C33
3 1 C37
CAP
805
100N
4 2 C5,C6
CAP
805
22P
5 2 C15,C16
CAP
805
1U
6 2 C19,C26
CAP
805
220P
7 1 C22
CAP
805
220N
8 1 C34
ECAP
T/H
10U
8 2 C35,C36
ECAP
T/H
10U
9 1 D1
1N4001
DO41
1N4001
9 1 D1
Schottky
DO41
Schottky
10 1 D2
DIODE
SOT23
BAS116
11 2 D3,D4
DIODE
SOT23
BAS16
12 3 F1,F2,F3
FERRITE
805
13 1 J1
USB_CON CON_USB_4 P_ TYPE_B
14 1 J2
JACK_SKT SCJ-0355B
15 1 LCD1
2DIGITLC
16 1 LED1
LED
2PINTHRU
17 1 Q1
NPN
SOT23
BC848
17 2 Q2,Q3
NPN
SOT23
BC848
18 1 Q4
NPN
SOT23
19 1 Q5
PNP
SOT23
BCW61
20 1 Q6
PNP
SOT23
20 1 Q10
PNP
SOT23
21 1 Q7
SI2301DS SOT23
21 1 Q8
SI2301DS SOT23
21 1 Q9
SI2301DS SOT23
22 1 R1
RES
805
220K
22 1 R4
RES
805
220K
23 1 R2
RES
805
6R8
C37 for option 1 only
C35, C36 option 2 only
Gen purpose if 4 x AA or AAA batteries
Only use schottky if 3 x AA or AAA batteries
Must be low leakage
Only for RS232
May be required for FCC compliance
Must be Type B for USB compliance
Only for RS232
Could be omitted for reduced current cons.
Q1 only required for option 2
Only for RS232
Required for USB inrush protection
Only for RS232
Only required for option 1
Only required for option 2
Required for USB inrush protection
R4 only req'd for RS232 camera with USB test points
May be required for USB inrush protection
(Exact value not verified)
R3 only required for Option 2.
R5 only req'd for RS232 camera with USB test points
R12 required for USB inrush protection
Only one of R6/R23 is required
Suggested value for 6v battery
Suggested value for 4.5v battery
Table 24 : STV0680A + VV6410/6500: Parts list (1)
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PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
42
43
44
PUSH_SWI TC FARNELL_
PIEZO
FARNELL_9
TESTPOIN T TP
45
2 SW2,SW3
1 T1
6 TP1,TP2,TP3,
TP4,TP5,TP6
1 U1
3V3REG
SOT89
46
1 U2
VV6500
48LCC
47
48
49
1 U3
1 U4
1 U5
STV0680
100QFP
GM72V661 64 400MIL_TSOP
GM72V161 62 400MIL_TSOP
50
1 U6
VV6410
51
1 U8
52
53
1 X1
1 Lens
VOLTAGE SOP-23
DETECTOR
XTAL
HC49U
58
26
MC78FC33HT1
36LCC
2.7v
threshold
12MHZ
NOTES
Option 1 only
For camera with no RS232
R24 fitting depends on flicker frequency
Fit R51 or R52, not both
R25 fitting depends on flicker frequency
R31, 32, 33, 34, 35 only for RS232
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
Bill of materials for DCA1+VV6410/6500 camera
Rev 0.1, 23rd Dec 1999
6v battery and power supply option 2 (using external 3v3 Vreg) assumed.
Non-populated options shown with grey background.
Preliminary
Page 2
# QTYREFDES
DEVICE
PACKAGE
VALUE
COST
29 1 R56
RES
805
OR
29 1 R15
RES
805
OR
30 1 R17
RES
805
33R
32 2 R19,R20
RES
805
24R
33 1 R22
RES
805
120K
34 9 R24,R26,R27,
RES
805
0R
R37,R38,R42,
R43,R44,R51,R52
35 8 R25,R28,R29,
RES
805
10K
R31,R32,R33,
R34,R35
35 1 R41
RES
805
10K
36 1 R30
RES
805
2K2
37 1 R36
RES
805
680R
38 2 R39,R40
RES
805
4K7
39 1 R50
RES
805
390R
41 1 SW1
TOGGLE_S WI SWITCH
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
R41 only required for option 2
Only for RS232
R50 only required for option 1
Optional battery off switch when not in use
(would lose stored images)
Push button switches
Only required for RS232
camera with USB prodn. Test
Only required for option 2
Could use TO92 instead
VGA sensor (different foortprint to VV6410)
Only require U2 or U6
Future replacement STV0680A for VfW
SDRAM dual footprint is possible for U4 and U5
Preferred SDRAM has low self refresh Idd.
e.g. (16Mbit) LGM72V16162ET75
Hyundai
HY57V161610DTC-7
Micron
MT48LC1M16A1TG S
CIF sensor (different footprint to VV6500)
Only require U2 or U6
e.g. TELCOM TC54VC2702ECB
RICOH Rx5VLxxC SERIES
Lens with IR filter
Total (Page 2)
Table 25 : STV0680A + VV6410/6500: Parts list (2)
! Note
Not all compatible memory chips exhibit a low enough self-refresh current to meet the target current for
USB suspend mode (see Table 21). Two memory types have been suggested in Table 25, based on
limited evaluation by ST, however this does not constitute a full characterisation, and no guarantees can
be made that the self-refresh current consumption will match the target for USB suspend mode in all
cases. Please consult the memory manufacturer for precise information.
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
10. VV6444 Sensor Pinout and Package Dimensions
VV6444 has the same pinout and electrical characteristics as the previous generation VV6404, but microlenses are added for
increased sensitivity, and the colour filters are different.
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
Although the VV64444 and VV6404 are electrically identical, the STV0680 and STV0680A use the correct settings for the
VV6444 colour set. This means that a VV6404 should not be used with STV0680/680A.
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
10.1 VV6444 Pin Listing
Pin
Name
Type
Description
1
AVCC
PWR
Core analogue power and reference supplies.
48
AGND
GND
Core analogue ground and reference supplies.
43
DVDD
PWR
Core digital power.
44
DVSS/Dsub
GND
Core digital ground.
6
AVDD
PWR
Output stage power.
5
AVSS
GND
Output stage ground.
7
VVDD
PWR
Analogue output buffer power.
9
VVSS
GND
Analogue output buffer ground.
14
ADCVDD
PWR
ADC power.
10
ADCVSS
GND
ADC ground.
19
VDD1
PWR
Digital padring & logic power.
30
VDD2
PWR
Digital padring & logic power.
36
VDD3
PWR
Digital padring & logic power.
20
VSS1
GND
Digital padring & logic ground.
29
VSS2
GND
Digital padring & logic ground.
37
VSS3
GND
Digital padring & logic ground.
ANALOGUE SIGNALS
45
VBLOOM
OA
Anti-blooming pixel reset voltage
46
VBLTW
OA
Bitline test white level reference
47
VBG
OA
Internally generated bandgap reference voltage 1.22V
2
VCM/
VREF2V5
OA
Common-mode input for OSA and Internally generated 2.5 V reference
voltage.
3
VRT
IA
Pixel reset voltage
4
VCDSH
IA
VCDS
11
ADCbot
IA
Bottom voltage reference for ADC
13
ADCtop
IA
Top voltage reference for ADC
13
TopRef
OA
Internally generally top voltage reference for ADC
Pin
Name
Type
Description
DIGITAL CONTROL SIGNALS
12
HOLDPIX
ID↓
Test Pin - do not use
15
SIN
ID↓
Frame timing reset (soft reset).
45
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Pin
16
Name
RESETB
Type
ID↑
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Description
System Reset. Active Low.
SERIAL INTERFACE
42
SCL
ID↑
Serial bus clock (input only).
41
SDA
BI↑
Serial bus data (bidirectional, open drain).
39
38
35
34
D[3]
D[2]
D[1]
D[0]]
ODT
Tristateable 4-wire output data bus. D[3] is the most significant bit.
33
QCK
ODT
Tristateable data qualification clock.
40
FST
ODT
Not required by STV0680A
17
OEB
ID↓
Digital output (tristate) enable.
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
DIGITAL VIDEO INTERFACE
SYSTEM CLOCKS
31
CLKI
ID
Oscillator input.
32
CLKO
OD
Oscillator output.
Do not connect
18
21-28
DNC
Do not connect
Key
A
Analogue Input
D
Digital Input
OA
Analogue Output
ID↑
Digital input with internal pull-up
BI
Bidirectional
ID↓
Digital input with internal pull-down
BI↑
Bidirectional with internal pull-up
OD
Digital Output
BI↓
Bidirectional with internal pull-down
ODT
Tristateable Digital Output
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STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
VSS2
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
VSS1
VDD1
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
CLKI
31
18
NC
CLKO
32
17
OEB
QCK
33
16
RESETB
D[0]
34
15
SIN
D[1]
35
14
ADCVDD
VDD3
36
13
TopRef/ADCTop
VSS3
37
12
HOLDPIX
D[2]
38
11
ADCBot
D[3]
39
10
ADCVSS (*)
FST
40
9
VVSS
SDA
41
8
NC
SCL
42
7
VVDD
VV6444
2
3
4
5
6
AVSS
AVDD
VBLTW
1
VCDS
VBLOOM
48
VRT
DVSS/Dsub
47
VCM / VREF2V5
46
AVCC
45
AGND (*)
44
VBG
43
DVDD
48 pin LCC
Figure 7 : VV6444 Pinout
Notes:
1. NC - Not connected
2. (*) - Paddle connections
47
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VDD2
10.2 VV6444 Pinout Diagram
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
10.3 VV6444 Package Dimensions
Notes.
1. Die is optically centred.
2. Refractive index of glass is ~1.52.
3. Distance to optical surface of Die.
4. Pixel area of sensor.
14.52
14.09
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
4
4.27
1.016 ±0.08
11.176 ±0.13
3.21
4
A
Pin 1
A
Pin 6
Figure 8 : VV6444 package dimensions in 48LCC (1)
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
2.27
1.85
1.12
0.90
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
3
0.60
0.50
A-A (6 : 1)
Figure 9 : VV6444 package dimensions in 48LCC (2)
49
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Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
11. VV6410 Pinout information and package dimensions
Note that early VV6410 samples (as can be seen on some STV0680A EVK’s) are 48LCC, however the sampling and production
package is 36LCC.
VSScore
RESETB
D[0]
NC
NC
SRAMVSS
OEB
SCL
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
D[1]
24
D[2]
25
13
PORB
D[3]
26
12
SUSPEND
D[4]
27
11
Vid3V3
10
AVSS
14
VV6410
36LCC
SDA
8
Vbloom
D[7]
31
7
Vbltw
QCK
32
6
AoutN
VDDio
33
34
35
36
1
2
3
4
5
AoutP
30
AIN
CLKI
Aud3V3
VDDhi
VRT
9
VBG
29
Vbus
FST/D[6]
Vbase
28
VDDcore/
Reg3V3
LST/D[5]
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
VSSio
11.1 VV6410 pinout
Figure 10 : 36 pin CLCC package pin assignment
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11.2
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
VV6410 Pin descriptions
Name
Pin Number
Type
Description
AVSS
10
GND
Core analog ground and reference supplies.
SRAMVSS
17
GND
In-column SRAM analog ground.
VDDcore/
Reg3V3
34
PWR
Digital logic power.
VDDio
33
PWR
Digital pad ring power.
VSScore
22
GND
Digital logic ground.
VSSio
23
GND
Digital pad ring ground.
ANALOG SIGNALS
Vbloom
8
OA
Anti-blooming pixel reset voltage
VBLTW
7
OA
Bitline test white level reference
VBG
1
OA
Internally generated bandgap reference voltage 1.22V
VRT
2
IA
Pixel reset voltage
AIN
4
IA
Analog input to Audio Amplifier
AOutP
5
OA
Analog output of Audio Amplifier (positive)
AOutN
6
OA
Analog output of Audio Amplifier (negative)
VDDHI
9
IA
Incoming power supply 4 -> 6V
VBase
35
OA
Drive for base of external bipolar
Vbus
36
IA
Incoming power supply 3.3 -> 6V
Aud3V3
3
OA
On-chip Audio Amplifier Voltage Regulator Output
Vid3V3
11
OA
On-chip Video Supply Voltage Regulator Output
PORB
13
OD
Power-on Reset (Bar) Output.
DIGITAL VIDEO INTERFACE
D[4]
27
ODT
Tri-stateable 5-wire output data bus.
D[3]
26
- D[4] is the most significant bit.
D[2]
25
- D[4:0] have programmable drive strengths 2, 4 and 6 mA
D[1]
24
D[0]
20
QCK
32
ODT
Tri-stateable data qualification clock.
LST/D[5]
28
ODT
Tri-stateable Line start output
May be configured as tri-stateable output data bit 5 D[5].
FST/D[6]
29
ODT
Tri-stateable Frame start signal.
May be configured as tri-stateable output data bit 6 D[6].
51
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Name
Pin Number
D[7]
31
Type
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Description
ODT
Tri-stateable Data wire (ms data bit).
May be configured as tri-stateable output data bit 6 D[6].
OEB
16
ID↓
Digital output (tri-state) enable.
DIGITAL CONTROL SIGNALS
RESETB
21
ID↑
System Reset. Active Low.
May be configured as System Sync. Active Low.
12
ID↑
USB Suspend Mode Control signal. Active High
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
SUSPEND
If this feature is not required then the support circuit must pull the pin to
ground. The combination of an active high signal and pull up pad was
chosen to limit current drawn by the device while in suspend mode.
SERIAL INTERFACE
SCL
15
BI↑
Serial bus clock (input only).
SDA
14
BI↑
Serial bus data (bidirectional, open drain).
SYSTEM CLOCKS
CLKI
30
ID↓
Schmitt Buffered Clock input or LVDS positive Clock input
Not connected
NC
18, 19
Not connected
Key
A
Analog Input
D
Digital Input
OA
Analog Output
ID↑
Digital input with internal pull-up
BI
Bidirectional
ID↓
Digital input with internal pull-down
BI↑
Bidirectional with internal pull-up
OD
Digital Output
BI↓
Bidirectional with internal pull-down
ODT
Tri-stateable Digital Output
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STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
11.3 VV6410 package Details (36pin CLCC)
(note 3) 1.09 ±0.15
1.55 ±0.16
0.16+
0.26 - 2.15
A-A (8 : 1)
0.00
0.10 - 0.60
2.02
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A
Pin 5
Pin 6
2.67
A
Pin 1
1.02 ±0.13
0.30+
0.13 - 10.67
40
0.1PlaR
5c
es
8.13 ±0.13
53
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
12. VV6500 Pinout and pin descriptions (48pin LCC package)
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
SRAMVSS
OE
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
D[2]
34
15
SUSPEND
D[3]
35
14
NC
D[4]
36
VV6500
13
VCMTCAS
LST/D[5]
37
48LCC
12
VID3V3
FST/D[6]
38
11
AVSS
C LKI/C LKIP
39
10
NC
C LK IN
40
9
VDDHI
D[7]
41
8
VBLOOM
QCK
42
7
VBLTW
43
44
45
46
47
48
1
2
3
4
5
6
A O U TN
POR
AOUTP
16
AIN
33
AUD3V3
D[1]
VRT
SDA
VBG
17
NC
32
VBUS
D[0]
VBASE
SCL
REG3V3
18
VDDCORE
31
VDDIO
RESET
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
VSSCORE
30
NC
VSSIO
12.1 Pinout
Figure 11 : 48 pin LCC package pin assignment
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PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
12.2 VV6500 pin descriptions
Name
Pin Number
Type
Description
AVSS
11
GND
Core analog ground and reference supplies.
SRAMVSS
21
GND
In-column SRAM analog ground.
VDDcore
44
PWR
Digital logic power.
VDDio
43
PWR
Digital pad ring power.
VSScore
29
GND
Digital logic ground.
VSSio
30
GND
Digital pad ring ground.
SRAMVSS
21
GND
In-column SRAM analogue ground.
ANALOG SIGNALS
Vbloom
8
OA
Anti-blooming pixel reset voltage
VBLTW
7
OA
Bitline test white level reference
VBG
1
OA
Internally generated bandgap reference voltage 1.22V
VCMTCAS
13
IA
Common-mode input for column pre-amp.
VRT
2
IA
Pixel reset voltage
AIN
4
IA
Analog input to Audio Amplifier
AOutP
5
OA
Analog output of Audio Amplifier (positive)
AOutN
6
OA
Analog output of Audio Amplifier (negative)
VDDHI
9
IA
Incoming power supply 4 -> 6V
VBase
46
OA
Drive for base of external bipolar
Vbus
47
IA
Incoming power supply 3.3 -> 6V
Reg3V3
45
OA
On-chip Voltage Regulator Output
IA
On-chip Audio Amplifier Reference Input
ARef
Aud3V3
3
OA
On-chip Audio Amplifier Voltage Regulator Output
Vid3V3
12
OA
On-chip Video Supply Voltage Regulator Output
PORB
16
OA
Power-on Reset (Bar) Output.
DIGITAL VIDEO INTERFACE
D[4]
36
D[3]
35
- D[4] is the most significant bit.
D[2]
34
- D[4:0] have programmable drive strengths 2, 4 and 6 mA
D[1]
33
D[0]
32
QCK
42
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ODT
Tri-stateable 5-wire output data bus.
Tri-stateable data qualification clock.
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Name
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Pin Number
Type
Description
CLKIN
40
BI↑
LVDS negative Clock input
LST/D[5]
37
ODT
Tri-stateable Line start output
May be configured as tri-stateable output data bit 5 D[5].
FST/D[6]
38
ODT
Tri-stateable Frame start signal.
May be configured as tri-stateable output data bit 6 D[6].
D[7]
41
ODT
Tri-stateable Data wire (ms data bit).
May be configured as tri-stateable output data bit 6 D[6].
20
ID↓
Digital output (tri-state) enable.
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
OEB
DIGITAL CONTROL SIGNALS
RESETB
31
ID↑
System Reset. Active Low.
May be configured as System Sync. Active Low.
SUSPEND
31
ID↑
USB Suspend Mode Control signal. Active High
If this feature is not required then the support circuit must pull the pin to
ground. The combination of an active high signal and pull up pad was
chosen to limit current drawn by the device while in suspend mode.
SERIAL INTERFACE
SCL
18
BI↑
Serial bus clock (input only).
SDA
17
BI↑
Serial bus data (bidirectional, open drain).
SYSTEM CLOCKS
CLKI/CLKIP
39
ID↓
Schmitt Buffered Clock input or LVDS positive Clock input
Not connected
NC
10, 14, 19, 2228, 48
Not connected
Key
A
Analog Input
D
Digital Input
OA
Analog Output
ID↑
Digital input with internal pull-up
BI
Bidirectional
ID↓
Digital input with internal pull-down
BI↑
Bidirectional with internal pull-up
OD
Digital Output
BI↓
Bidirectional with internal pull-down
ODT
Tri-stateable Digital Output
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2.02(note 4)
Pin 6
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
A-A (6 : 1)
A
Pin 1
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
0.60
0.50
(note 4) 2.67
A
14.52
14.09
1.016 ±0.080
STV0680F_500_pckg.fm
11.176 ±0.130
57
1.120
3
0.896
2.27
1.85
Notes.
1. Die is optically centred.
2. Refractive index of glass is ~1.52.
3. Distance to optical surface of Die.
4. Pixel area of sensor.
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
12.3 VV6500 package Details (48 pin LCC)
PRELIMINARY
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
13. Evaluation kit
STMicroelectronics recommends using the Evaluation Kit (e.g. STV-DCA/CIF-E01) for initial evaluation and design-in. The STVDCA includes a reference design board (STV-DCA/CIF-R01) camera module, containing a STMicroelectronics CMOS sensor +
STV0680A chipset, memory, lens, connectors, LCD, battery holder, push buttons/switches, and other componentry as detailed.
The push buttons are arranged for ease of operation as a real ‘camera’. Optional PCB links enable alternate functionality, and
demonstration software is included, as detailed in Section 5. allows for picture download, video, and AVI movie clips
An evaluation kit is not available for STV0680+VV6444. Several small form factor demonstration units
(PCB0194) have been built, however, these are not identical to the camera described in this reference
design.
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
! Note
CDSTV0680F-C
STV0680F_backpages.fm
Commercial in confidence
58
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
14. Ordering details
Description
Part number
STV0680 companion processor (no VfW or RS232 support)
STV0680-001
STV0680A companion processor (including VfW and RS232 support)
STV0680A-002*
VV6444+STV0680/STV680A designs
LCC packaged CIF Image Sensor (5v)
STV0680/STV0680A + VV6444 Digital Camera Chipset, Reference
Design Manual
VV6444C001
Available for download from
http://www.vvl.co.uk/tech_support/
home.htm
36pin CLCC packaged, microlensed CIF ColourMOS sensor
VV6410C036
48pin CLCC packaged, microlensed VGA ColourMOS sensor
VV6500C001
Digital camera Evaluation Kit for STV0680/STV0680A+VV6410
STV-DCA/CIF-E01
Digital camera Evaluation Kit for STV0680/STV0680A+VV6500
STV-DCA/VGA-E01
STV0680/STV0680A + VV6410/6500 Digital Camera Chipset, Reference
Design Manual
Available for download from
http://www.vvl.co.uk/tech_support/
home.htm
Table 26 : Ordering details
* Note: The variant number of STV0680A is indicated by the suffix -001, 002, 003, etc. Contact STMicroelectronics for latest
information.
Technical support
This document and other related technical support information, such as datasheets, software downloads,etc for
STMicroelectronics Imaging Division Products can be found at http://www.vvl.co.uk/tech_support/home.htm
Note: All the above web addresses when accessing from within ST should read www.edb.st.com rather than www.vvl.co.uk
59
STV0680F_backpages.f
CDSTV0680F-C
Commercial in confidence
This version: ST VIBU internal use only
VV6410/6500+STV0680A designs
PRELIMINARY
STV0680A + VV6444/6410/6500
Digital Camera Chipset; Customer Datasheet, Rev 3.0, March 2000
Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the
consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from
its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specifications
mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information
previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or
systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics
The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics
© 2000 STMicroelectronics - All Rights Reserved
.
www.vvl.co.uk
®
www.st.com
asiapacific_sales@vvl.co.uk
central_europe_sales@vvl.co.uk
france_sales@vvl.co.uk
japan_sales@vvl.co.uk
nordic_sales@vvl.co.uk
southern_europe_sales@vvl.co.uk
uk_eire_sales@vvl.co.uk
usa_sales@vvl.co.uk
STMicroelectronics, Imaging Division
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