CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions

CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen
productions
Revision Number: 1
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Modification History
Not applicable.
Unit Descriptor
Unit descriptor
This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and
knowledge required to shoot screen material using a
single-camera unit.
No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification
requirements apply to this unit at the time of endorsement.
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
Application of the Unit
Application of the unit
Camera operators apply the skills and knowledge
described in this unit. Their prime responsibility is to
capture screen images using a range of video equipment.
Operators in this context generally work under direction
but perform all camera, sound and lighting functions.
Occasionally they will be assisted by a camera assistant or
sound recordist. On occasion, they may be required to
assist other camera operators with the movement and
handling of cameras and cables.
Mainstream activities include shooting for news and
current affairs, short documentaries, and corporate and
training videos.
More specialised duties may include the capture of
materials for animations and stop-motion animated
productions.
Typically camera operators are employed by television
stations, production houses or corporate video units. In
addition, there is a growing body of camera operators who
work on a freelance basis.
More complex skills associated with shooting television
material on location, often as a one-person camera crew,
are covered in:
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CUFCAM401A Shoot a wide range of television
content.
Licensing/Regulatory Information
Not applicable.
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
Pre-Requisites
Prerequisite units
Employability Skills Information
Employability skills
This unit contains employability skills.
Elements and Performance Criteria Pre-Content
Elements describe the
essential outcomes of a
unit of competency.
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
Performance criteria describe the performance needed to
demonstrate achievement of the element. Where bold
italicised text is used, further information is detailed in the
required skills and knowledge section and the range
statement. Assessment of performance is to be consistent
with the evidence guide.
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CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
Elements and Performance Criteria
ELEMENT
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
Prepare for shoots
1. Participate in pre-production briefings as required to
confirm production and post-production requirements
2. Arrange equipment and accessories for shoots as
directed, ensuring that everything is clean and
operational
3. Safely charge batteries according to manufacturer
specifications and ensure sufficient supply of charged
batteries to meet the needs of production schedules
4. Select required capture media and ensure sufficient
supply for the intended production
5. Prepare and pack lighting equipment, including gels and
cables as required
6. Undertake minor repairs on faulty equipment or report
significant faults to relevant production personnel
7. Confirm location, shooting schedules and timelines with
relevant production personnel
8. Complete appropriate documentation prior to shoots
Set up on location
9. Determine camera positions to ensure that composition
of shots provides correct visual interpretation of
production requirements
10. Liaise and collaborate with crew and talent and
contribute ideas to initial concepts
11. Set up equipment and accessories to ensure the safety of
personnel on location
12. Consider requirements for repositioning equipment and
accessories during shoots taking into account production
schedules
13. Ensure cameras and other equipment are safely secured
14. Label and load capture media and check camera
functions
15. Position microphones as required and conduct audio
check
Set up lighting
16. Assess the quality and quantity of available light and
determine the amount of correction required if necessary
17. Mount and position lighting equipment following safety
guidelines
18. Run lighting cables and connect safely to power sources
19. Install colour frames and gels in accordance according to
requirements for the specific shoot
20. Select lenses and filters appropriate to the prevailing
Approved
© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
ELEMENT
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
conditions
Position and operate
camera to capture shots
21. Consider camera shots and angles, where feasible, to
ensure cuts between shots produce the desired result
22. Take account of editing or other post-production
requirements while shooting
23. Ensure camera set-up meets criteria for shoot
24. Check camera movements to implement planned or
rehearsed shots according to direction from relevant
production personnel
25. Shoot and record sequences as directed, maintaining
focus throughout
Manipulate cables and
camera positioning
26. Participate in pre-production meetings and rehearsal, if
required, and ensure that final camera and cable
movements are understood
27. Communicate with relevant production personnel during
shoots and position and move camera cabling according
to instructions and cues received
28. React consistently to cues received from relevant
production personnel and ensure consistency of timing
without undue lapses
29. Move cameras and cabling without impeding the
operation of camera operators and work in cooperation
with other personnel to achieve the desired camera
movements
30. Ensure that camera operators do not collide with other
elements
31. Complete cabling handling operations without damage
to equipment or injury to personnel
Wrap up the shoot
32. Check and pack equipment and accessories using safe
lifting techniques
33. Ensure recorded material is labelled properly, together
with relevant documentation
34. Report equipment faults and complete required
documentation
35. Leave locations in original condition to ensure no
adverse effect on the site
36. Review and reflect on performance and note areas for
improvement
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
Required Skills and Knowledge
REQUIRED SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE
This section describes the skills and knowledge required for this unit.
Required skills
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communication, teamwork and literacy skills sufficient to:
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work collaboratively as a member of a production team
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understand and carry out instructions and creative directions as required
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interpret and complete production documentation
technical skills sufficient to operate a range of professional camera, lighting and
audio equipment
problem solving skills in the context of anticipating and addressing equipment
set-up problems
self-management skills sufficient to:
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prioritise work tasks
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meet deadlines
seek expert assistance when problems arise
Required knowledge
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industry knowledge, including:
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roles and responsibilities of production and post-production personnel
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broadcast language and terminology
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issues and challenges that arise in the context of shooting material for screen
productions
different image capture formats and their uses
basic framing techniques and methods of composition
camera-to-subject practice, i.e. lens to eye line, crossing the line, matching shots
characteristics of commonly used microphones and audio equipment
the effect of different light sources, diffusion materials, filters and reflectors on the
lighting environment, which includes both talent and set
types of artificial/introduced light sources available to camera operators
basic principles of lighting, e.g. key, fill and back light
basic concepts and techniques of cable handling and compatibility with other
equipment
OHS procedures, particularly as they relate to shooting on location
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
Evidence Guide
EVIDENCE GUIDE
The Evidence Guide provides advice on assessment and must be read in conjunction with the
performance criteria, required skills and knowledge, range statement and the Assessment
Guidelines for the Training Package.
Overview of assessment
Critical aspects for assessment and
evidence required to demonstrate
competency in this unit
Evidence of the following is essential:
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ability to work within production deadlines
ability to work effectively as a team member and
under direction
ability to provide ideas to assist with capturing the
desired style of moving image
ability to operate a range of professional video
camera equipment and accessories
ability to set up lighting as directed.
Context of and specific resources for Assessment must ensure:
assessment
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access to a functional set of equipment based on
items listed in the range statement. Equipment must
be sufficient to enable the compilation of a portfolio
of screen material shot in different locations,
including exterior daytime, interior, night shoots,
stormy weather
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that the candidate demonstrates competency in
shooting material for screen productions within a
production environment over a period of time
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access to appropriate learning and assessment support
when required
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use of culturally appropriate processes, and
techniques appropriate to the language and literacy
capacity of learners and the work being performed.
Method of assessment
A range of assessment methods should be used to assess
practical skills and knowledge. The following examples
are appropriate for this unit:
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
direct questioning combined with review of
portfolios of evidence and third-party workplace
reports of on-the-job performance
evaluation of a range of screen content shot by the
candidate to determine whether production
requirements have been met
observation of the candidate setting up and operating
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
EVIDENCE GUIDE
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Guidance information for
assessment
Holistic assessment with other units relevant to the
industry sector, workplace and job role is recommended,
for example:
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
camera and lighting equipment on location
written or verbal questioning to test knowledge as
listed in the required skills and knowledge section of
this unit.
CUFLGT101A Apply a general knowledge of
lighting to work activities
CUSSOU201A Assist with sound recordings.
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
Range Statement
RANGE STATEMENT
The range statement relates to the unit of competency as a whole. It allows for different
work environments and situations that may affect performance. Bold italicised
wording, if used in the performance criteria, is detailed below. Essential operating
conditions that may be present with training and assessment (depending on the work
situation, needs of the candidate, accessibility of the item, and local industry and
regional contexts) may also be included.
Production and post-production
requirements may relate to:
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Equipment and accessories may
include:
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night shoots
post-production process
props
sets
specialised equipment
venues.
autocue monitor
Betacam SP
cables
cue card holders
digital Betacam
digital DVC Pro
digital SLR, e.g.:
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stop-motion and software
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iStop Motion (Mac)
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Stop Motion Pro (PC)
DV Cam
HDDV
headphones
lighting bulbs
lighting kit
lights
microphones, e.g.:
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fixed
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pole
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lapel
mini DV
mobile phones
motion capture facility for animation
mounts
recording device (e.g. audiotape recorder)
talkback facility
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
RANGE STATEMENT
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Shoots may include:
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Batteries may include:
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Capture media may include:
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Production may include:
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Lighting may include:
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tripod
two-way intercom
video split monitor
video stock.
animations, e.g. stop-motion
combined video and audio function
fixed/supported
hand-held operation
separate video and audio record functions
single-camera.
lead/acid
lithium ION
Ni-Cad.
CD
DVD
flashcards
P2 solid-state drive
small hard drive
videotape.
animations, e.g.:
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modelling
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flat plane
corporate videos
EFP (electronic field production)
ENG (electronic news gathering)
events or performances
news and current affairs
short documentaries
training videos.
back light
bounced light
effect light, e.g. on backgrounds
fill light
flood light
HMI (hydrargyrum medium arc-length iodide)
interior lights
key light
light meters
luminaires
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
RANGE STATEMENT
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Personnel may include:
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Locations may include:
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Documentation may include:
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Shots may include:
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
spot light
tungsten.
animation director
camera assistant
director/producer
floor manager
general public
safety officer
sound recordist
supervisor
technical staff
talent, e.g.:
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presenters
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actors
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reporter/journalist
interviewee.
day
exterior
interior
night
studio.
animation, e.g.:
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scoring sheets
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style sheets
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character sheets
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storyboards
computer generated
fault reports
film and battery labels
manually written
production schedule
running sheets
script
shot lists
stock order forms.
close-up
cutaway shot
establishing or master shot
extreme close-up
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
RANGE STATEMENT
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Power sources may include:
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Lenses may include:
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Filters may include:
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Camera movements may include:
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© Commonwealth of Australia, 2012
eye-level shot
hand-held
high-angle
long shot
low-angle
mid shot
pan
point-of-view shot
static
tilt
track
wide shot
zoom in
zoom out.
batteries
generators
mains power.
fixed
lens filters
lens hood
macro
micro
wide-angle
wide-angle adaptor
zoom.
chromatic
colour
colour correction
correction filters
enhancers
graduated: hard-edge, soft-edge, attenuated,
coloured, neutral density
non-specific colour
polarising
ultraviolet.
hand-held
pan
tilt
track
zoom in
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Innovation and Business Skills Australia
CUFCAM301A Shoot material for screen productions
Date this document was generated: 27 May 2012
RANGE STATEMENT
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zoom out.
Unit Sector(s)
Unit sector
Competency field
Competency field
Media and entertainment production Camera/cinematography
Co-requisite units
Co-requisite units
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