Oracle Database Appliance Installation, Configuration and User`s

Oracle Database Appliance Installation, Configuration and User`s

Oracle® Database Appliance

Getting Started Guide

Release 12.1.2.6.0 for Linux x86-64

E68528-01

January 2016

Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide, Release 12.1.2.6.0 for Linux x86-64

E68528-01

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Contents

Preface

................................................................................................................................................................. v

Audience....................................................................................................................................................... v

Documentation Accessibility ..................................................................................................................... v

Related Documents ..................................................................................................................................... vi

Conventions ................................................................................................................................................. vi

1 About Oracle Database Appliance

Oracle Database Appliance Capacity-on-Demand Licensing

......................................................... 1-1

Oracle Database Appliance Software

................................................................................................... 1-1

Overview of Oracle Database Appliance Deployment

.................................................................... 1-2

2 Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment

Registering Your Support Identifier on My Oracle Support

........................................................... 2-1

Planning Oracle Database Appliance Configuration Options

........................................................ 2-1

Selecting Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform Options ......................................... 2-2

Selecting Database Configuration Options .................................................................................... 2-2

Selecting Database Deployment Options ................................................................................ 2-3

Selecting Database Templates ................................................................................................... 2-3

Calculating Required Cores....................................................................................................... 2-4

Gathering System Requirement Information

..................................................................................... 2-5

Information You Will Need .............................................................................................................. 2-5

Information Checklist Tables............................................................................................................ 2-7

Checklist for System Details...................................................................................................... 2-7

Checklist for Custom Node Network Address Configuration ............................................ 2-9

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

.......................................................... 2-10

About the Standalone Oracle Database Appliance Configurator ............................................ 2-10

Running the Standalone Oracle Database Appliance Configurator........................................ 2-11

3 Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment

Attaching Supplied Cables

..................................................................................................................... 3-1

Attaching Cables for Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 ................................................................ 3-2

Attaching Cables for Oracle Database Appliance Models X4-2 and X3-2 ................................. 3-3

Cabling Oracle Database Appliance to Connect to Fiber Public Networks (Optional)........... 3-4

Copper .......................................................................................................................................... 3-5

Fiber .............................................................................................................................................. 3-5

iii

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

................................................................................................... 3-5

Installing a Storage Expansion Shelf ............................................................................................... 3-6

Cabling a Storage Expansion Shelf .................................................................................................. 3-7

Attaching Peripheral Devices

................................................................................................................ 3-9

Booting Up the First Time

................................................................................................................... 3-10

Attaching Power Cords and Initializing Components .............................................................. 3-10

Powering On the First Time .......................................................................................................... 3-13

Defining Your Public Network Option................................................................................. 3-14

Configuring Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager

..................................................................... 3-15

Configuring an Initial Network Connection

................................................................................... 3-16

Validating Oracle Appliance Manager Software Version

............................................................ 3-17

4 Deploying Oracle Software on Oracle Database Appliance

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

................................................................................... 4-1

Task 1: Check Oracle Database Appliance Virtualization Status (Virtualized Platform

Deployments Only) 4-1

Task 2: Install the End-User Bundle (Bare Metal Platform Deployments Only) ...................... 4-2

Task 3: Install the ODA_BASE Template (Virtualized Platform Deployments Only)............. 4-3

Task 4: Prepare to Run Oracle Appliance Manager Configurator (All Platform Deployments) ...

4-5

Task 5: Deploy Your Configuration (All Platform Deployments) .............................................. 4-5

Viewing the Oakcli Deploy Log File ............................................................................................... 4-6

5 Oracle Database Appliance Postinstallation Tasks

Changing the Oracle Installation Owner Passwords

........................................................................ 5-1

Changing the IPMI User Name and Password

................................................................................... 5-1

Configuring Oracle Auto Service Request

.......................................................................................... 5-2

Index

iv

Preface

Oracle Database Appliance is an optimized, prebuilt and ready-to-use clustered database system that is easy to deploy, operate, and manage. By integrating hardware and software, Oracle Database Appliance eliminates the complexities of nonintegrated, manually assembled solutions. Oracle Database Appliance reduces the installation and software deployment times from weeks or months to just a few hours while preventing configuration and setup errors that often result in suboptimal, hard-to-manage database environments.

Audience

This guide is intended for anyone who configures, maintains, or uses Oracle Database

Appliance. This includes:

System administrators

Network administrators

Database administrators

Application administrators and users

This book does not include information about Oracle Database architecture, tools, management, or application development that is covered in the main body of Oracle

Documentation unless there are features specific to Oracle Database Appliance. Users of Oracle Database Appliance software are expected to have the same skills as users of any other Linux-based Oracle Database and Oracle Real Application Clusters installations.

Documentation Accessibility

For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle

Accessibility Program website at http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc

.

Access to Oracle Support

Oracle customers that have purchased support have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For information, visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info

or visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs

if you are hearing impaired.

v

Related Documents

The following documents, along with this document, are published in the Oracle

Database Appliance online documentation library, available at http://www.oracle.com/goto/oda/docs

:

Oracle Database Appliance Setup Poster (a full-size printed copy ships with Oracle

Database Appliance)

Oracle Database Appliance Administration and Reference Guide

Oracle Database Appliance Release Notes for Linux x86-64

Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide

Oracle Database Appliance Service Manual

Oracle Database Appliance Series Safety and Compliance Guide

Oracle Database Appliance Security Guide

Oracle Database Appliance Licensing Information User Manual for Linux x86-64

Oracle Enterprise Manager Plug-in for Oracle Database Appliance User’s Guide

For more information about using Oracle Database, see the following documents:

Oracle Database Concepts

Oracle Database Administrator's Guide

Oracle Database SQL Language Quick Reference

Oracle Database Reference

Oracle Database 2 Day + Real Application Clusters Guide

Oracle Real Application Clusters Administration and Deployment Guide

Oracle Clusterware Administration and Deployment Guide

For more details about other Oracle products that are mentioned in Oracle Database

Appliance documentation, such as Oracle VM, Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager, and so on, see the Oracle Documentation home page at the following address: http://docs.oracle.com

Conventions

The following text conventions are used in this document:

Convention boldface

italic

monospace

# prompt

Meaning

Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated with an action or terms defined in the text.

Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for which you supply particular values.

Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.

The pound (#) prompt precedes a Linux command.

vi

1

About Oracle Database Appliance

Oracle Database Appliance enables you to take advantage of Oracle Database in an easy-to-deploy and manage system that supports virtualization. The complete package of software, server, storage, and networking saves time and money by simplifying deployment, maintenance, and support of database and application workloads.

Oracle Database Appliance Capacity-on-Demand Licensing

Capacity-on-Demand software licensing enables you to scale quickly to more processor cores without incurring the excessive costs and downtime usually associated with hardware upgrades. You can deploy as few or as many processors in Oracle

Database Appliance as your workload requires.

Table 1–1

lists the scaling capacities for Oracle Database Appliance bare metal and virtualized platform deployments. The decision to use bare-metal or Oracle Database

Appliance Virtualized Platform depends on your company policies and the benefits that each implementation offers your company.

Table 1–1 Oracle Database Appliance Scaling Capacities

Oracle Database

Appliance Platform

Minimum Number

Processor Cores

Maximum Number

Processor Cores

X5-2 2 72

X4-2

X3-2

1

2

4

48

32

1

Version 1 2 24

For Oracle Database Appliance X3-2 Virtualized Platform, processor cores are licensed for your ODA_BASE only, from a minimum of 2 processor cores to a maximum of 32 processor cores.

Oracle Database Appliance Software

Table 1–2

lists the software that might be included with each Oracle Database

Appliance component. Some releases may not contain all of the items for one or more components listed in the table.

About Oracle Database Appliance 1-1

Overview of Oracle Database Appliance Deployment

Table 1–2 Software for Oracle Database Appliance

Component

Oracle Database

Appliance

Operating System

Image

Oracle Database

Appliance

Patch-Set Bundle

Oracle Database

Appliance

End-User Bundle

ODA_BASE template

Component Contents

Oracle Appliance Manger command-line interface

Oracle Appliance Manager configurator (graphical user interface)

Oracle Linux

Hardware drivers

Basic input/output system (BIOS)

Hardware drivers and management pack and firmware drivers for various components

Oracle Appliance Manager

Oracle Linux

Oracle VM

Java Development Kit (JDK)

Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (Oracle ILOM)

Oracle Database Patch Set Update (PSU)

Oracle Automated Service Request (ASR)

Oracle Grid Infrastructure

Oracle Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)

Java Development Kit (JDK)

Oracle Database clone binaries

Oracle Database templates, customized for Oracle

Database Appliance deployments

Oracle Grid Infrastructure clone binaries

Oracle Database clone binaries

Oracle Database templates, customized for Oracle

Database Appliance deployments

Oracle Grid Infrastructure clone binaries

Component

Required On

Installed or

Downloaded

All deployments Installed

All deployments Downloaded

Bare metal deployments

Virtualized platform deployments

Downloaded

Downloaded

Components listed as Installed are typically available on Oracle Database Appliance when you receive it, and components listed as Downloaded are components that you will typically download and deploy yourself.

Overview of Oracle Database Appliance Deployment

Deployment consists of three high-level steps:

1.

Prepare for Oracle Database Appliance.

Register your Support Identifier (SI) for Oracle Database Appliance with My

Oracle Support to obtain software and support from Oracle.

Plan your configuration options and gather network and related information.

Set up the server site.

Configure network names and addresses on your Domain Name System

(DNS) server.

Use the Oracle Appliance Manager configurator to generate the network names and addresses or to validate your existing network names and

1-2 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Overview of Oracle Database Appliance Deployment addresses. The standalone configurator is available for download from Oracle

Technology Network. You can create a configuration file on a local machine

before delivery of your Oracle Database Appliance, as described in "Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment" .

Note:

Download the standalone Oracle Appliance Manager configurator from http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/database-applianc e/overview

2.

3.

4.

See

Chapter 2, "Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and

Deployment"

and Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide for more information to complete this step.

Prepare Oracle Database Appliance for deployment.

Mount Oracle Database Appliance hardware into a rack at the server site.

Connect power and required cables to Oracle Database Appliance.

Create an initial network configuration to load external files.

See

Chapter 3, "Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment" and Oracle

Database Appliance Owner's Guide for more information to complete this step.

Install and deploy software on Oracle Database Appliance.

Download and copy the Oracle Database Appliance software package to

Oracle Database Appliance.

Run the Oracle Appliance Manager configurator and select or enter the required information.

During deployment, you configure a two-node Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation (Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Automatic Storage Management).

You also have the option to configure Oracle Database Enterprise Edition,

Oracle RAC, or Oracle RAC One Node. After the initial deployment, you might add databases, configure core count and instance caging, and add virtual domains if you have deployed Oracle Database Appliance.

See

Chapter 4, "Deploying Oracle Software on Oracle Database Appliance"

for more information to complete this step.

Complete post-installation tasks.

Download patches to apply after deployment.

Reset default passwords.

See

Chapter 5, "Oracle Database Appliance Postinstallation Tasks"

for more information to complete this step.

About Oracle Database Appliance 1-3

Overview of Oracle Database Appliance Deployment

1-4 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

2

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance

Installation and Deployment

This chapter provides a checklist of tasks that you can complete before delivery of

Oracle Database Appliance. These tasks are:

Registering Your Support Identifier on My Oracle Support

Planning Oracle Database Appliance Configuration Options

Gathering System Requirement Information

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Registering Your Support Identifier on My Oracle Support

Add your hardware Support Identifier (SI) to your My Oracle Support account profile.

Your hardware SI is supplied when you purchase Oracle Database Appliance. If you have acquired new software licenses then you must also register your new software

SIs. The SI registration process can take up to 24 hours to complete.

Note:

You cannot obtain support or software from Oracle without registered SIs.

Planning Oracle Database Appliance Configuration Options

You can deploy Oracle Database Appliance either as a bare metal or a virtualized system. For bare metal installations, decide how many CPU cores to enable and what database configuration options you need, if any. For Oracle Database Appliance

Virtualized Platform installations, there are a number of additional options to consider.

See the following sections to plan your system appropriately:

Selecting Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform Options

This section describes the use of options such as shared disks and virtual local area networks.

Selecting Database Configuration Options

This section describes the use of single instance, Oracle Real Application Clusters

(Oracle RAC), and Oracle RAC One Node databases and sizing templates to configure your initial database. This information is relevant to you if you plan to configure an initial database during deployment on bare metal or virtualized platforms.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-1

Planning Oracle Database Appliance Configuration Options

Selecting Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform Options

Before you implement virtual machines you must decide how and where they will run. Based on your requirements, you might provide high-availability options, reduce interference between competing virtual machines for CPU and network access, provide more storage space, and enable automatic startup for virtual machines. Some of these options require additional network configuration outside of the Oracle

Database Appliance servers.

By default you have one local repository on each node and the maximum size is dependent on the hardware:

350 GB on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 Virtualized Platform

350 GB on Oracle Database Appliance X4-2 Virtualized Platform

350 GB on Oracle Database Appliance X3-2 Virtualized Platform

250 GB on Oracle Database Appliance Version 1

When you create virtual machines in the default repositories, the virtual machines can run only on the node where they are located and therefore have no failover capability.

To obtain the most flexible shared machine environment, use a shared repository with

Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs). Shared repositories provide high-availability options, more storage, and reduce the use of local storage. VLANs help you partition network traffic for your virtual machines.

When you use a shared repository hosted on shared disks, the virtual machines consume space in Oracle Automatic Storage Management (Oracle ASM) disk groups,

DATA and RECO. On shared disks, virtual machines can start automatically whenever the repository becomes available, can run on a preferred node, and can start or failover to the other node if the preferred node is unavailable.

Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform supports multiple VLANs on the same network interface card (NIC) port. Each VLAN is essentially an independent logical network operating with other VLANs over the same physical connection. Use

VLANs to minimize the number of required physical connections and NICs while concurrently separating traffic. Each VLAN is assigned a distinct VLAN identification

(ID). The network switch uses VLAN IDs to segregate traffic among the different

VLANs operating on the same link. When a VLAN is configured, the VLAN functions exactly like a separate physical connection.

Note:

Virtual LANs need to be configured in the physical switches before you use them.

Selecting Database Configuration Options

These tasks will guide you through selecting your database configuration items:

Selecting Database Deployment Options

Selecting Database Templates

Calculating Required Cores

Before continuing, print the checklist tables found in "Information Checklist Tables" .

Use the checklists to record decisions and information that you collect for your planned Oracle Database Appliance configuration.

2-2 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Planning Oracle Database Appliance Configuration Options

Caution:

Do not use Oracle Database Configuration Assistant

(DBCA) to create databases on Oracle Database Appliance; use only

Oracle Appliance Manager. Oracle Appliance Manager ensures databases are properly configured, optimized, and supported on

Oracle Database Appliance.

Selecting Database Deployment Options

Oracle Appliance Manager installs the Oracle Database software on mirrored disks that are internal to Oracle Database Appliance. During the initial deployment with the

Oracle Appliance Manager configurator, you can create a database or defer database creation to a later time. If you plan to create an initial database during deployment, prepare to select one of the following options:

Enterprise Edition

: Oracle Database 12c Release 1 Enterprise Edition (no automated failover), with the following characteristics:

Single-instance Oracle Database Enterprise Edition home

Oracle Database software installation on both nodes

Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC) One Node

: Oracle RAC One

Node 12c Release 1, with the following characteristics:

Oracle RAC One Node has a designated Oracle Database Appliance home node

Oracle RAC One Node software installed on both servers

Automated failover

Enterprise Edition license required

Oracle RAC One Node license on each server required

Exception: If you designate one server as a backup server, then you can use that server without a license in accordance with the 10-day rule.

Note:

For information about the 10-day rule, see the Oracle Software

Investment Guide: http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/pricing/sig-070616.pdf

Oracle RAC

: Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Release 1, with the following characteristics:

Oracle RAC home

Oracle RAC software installed on both servers

Enterprise Edition license required

Oracle RAC license on each server required (not eligible for the 10-day rule)

Selecting Database Templates

Oracle Database Appliance software includes preconfigured templates that incorporate Oracle best practices with optimization for different classes of databases.

Due to differences in CPU counts, memory size, and other resources available with different Oracle Database Appliance models, some templates are not supported on all models.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-3

Planning Oracle Database Appliance Configuration Options

Each database template has different workload profile and performance characteristics based on the following:

Memory requirements, calculated from the System Global Area (SGA) plus

Program Global Area (PGA) sizes

Processing requirements, calculated from the number of processes

Logging requirements, based on log buffer size and online redo log size

To determine which templates to use for the databases you deploy, use the guidelines from Appendix B (Database Sizing for Oracle Database Appliance) in the Oracle

Database Appliance Administration and Reference Guide. Then refer to Table 2–1 to check if

a particular template is available on your Oracle Database Appliance hardware model.

Templates that do not have a corresponding "X" in a model column are not available on that model.

Template Name

Odb-01s

Odb-01

Odb-02

Odb-04

Odb-06

Odb-12

Odb-16

Odb-24

Odb-32

Odb-36

Table 2–1 Database Template Names and Characteristics

V1

X

X

X

X

X

X

X3-2

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X4-2

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X5-2

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Note:

Oracle strongly recommends that you use these templates because they implement best practices and are configured specifically for Oracle Database Appliance.

On Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform, if you only plan to deploy one

Oracle Database, then use a template for your ODA_BASE that has the same name as the template you choose for your Oracle Database. However, you do not have to select database templates with the same size category as the ODA_BASE template. For example, use a small ODA_BASE template to host two very small databases and a large ODA_BASE template to host either one large with one small database or one medium database with one small and two very small databases. When choosing your template sizes, note that the total requirements for your selected database templates must not exceed the capacity of your ODA_BASE template. The size of ODA_BASE can be adjusted after the initial deployment. Thus users can expand ODA_BASE to accommodate more databases in ODA_BASE.

Calculating Required Cores

Once you have selected the templates for your planned databases, use the tables in

Appendix B (Database Sizing for Oracle Database Appliance) of the Oracle Database

2-4 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Gathering System Requirement Information

Appliance Administration and Reference Guide to determine the total number of

CPUs they require to support them.

Gathering System Requirement Information

You need to collect information before deploying Oracle Database Appliance. Print the tables and use them to enter values as you find and finalize them.

Information You Will Need

This section describes the type of information you will need to collect as you prepare to install and deploy Oracle Database Appliance. Once you understand what you need, you can print and collect the details for your specific system using that checklist tables provided in the next section,

"Information Checklist Tables"

.

Storage administration is integrated into Oracle Database Appliance. No additional storage configuration is required.

Oracle Database Appliance includes integrated storage for operational files (operating system, Oracle Grid Infrastructure home, Oracle Database homes, tools), user data

(database files), and log files (database redo logs). Operational files are stored on mirrored internal system disks in each server. Data and database redo log files are stored on shared disks as follows:

On Oracle Database Appliance X5-2, Oracle Database Appliance X4-2, and Oracle

Database Appliance X3-2, data files are stored in the storage shelf and the optional storage expansion shelf. Database redo log files are stored on solid-state drives

(SSDs) in the storage shelf and the optional storage expansion shelf

On Oracle Database Appliance Version 1, data files are stored in the shared storage bay and database redo log files are stored on solid-state drives (SSDs) in the shared storage bay. There is not an option to add a storage expansion shelf.

Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 contains four 400 GB SSDs, which will be configured as an ASM disk group with ACFS to be used as an additional database cache. Also, on

Oracle Database Appliance X5-2, four 200 GB SSDs are used for attribute caching in addition to the database redo logs.

Note:

Oracle Database Appliance X4-2 ships with 900 GB shared disks and Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 ships with 4 TB shared disks. Disk hardware capacity is measured using 1 KB = 1,000 bytes whereas software storage requirements are based on 1 KB = 1,024 bytes. This means that a disk with a rated capacity of 900 GB has only about 838 GB of space for software storage, and a 4 TB disk is actually

3.725 TB.

Ensure that the names and addresses that you provide for network configuration are configured in your Domain Name System (DNS) servers. With Patch Set 1 and later, the addresses that you provide are configured in the /etc/hosts file to provide IP name and address resolution, even if a DNS server is not available.

If you are deploying Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 or Oracle Database Appliance

X4-2, then you have the option to connect to either a copper or a fiber public network.

To connect to a fiber network on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2, you must also replace the InfiniBand cards with 10 GbE SFP+ fiber cards. Ensure that your network planning is based on the correct type of public network.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-5

Gathering System Requirement Information

Oracle recommends using a DNS server so that you can use the features of Single

Client Access Name (SCAN). If you deploy without a DNS server but later create a

DNS server and add SCAN, then you must specify additional VIP addresses as described in Oracle Database Appliance Release Notes for Linux x86-64.

A correctly configured Oracle Database Appliance requires at least six public addresses on the same subnet for the nodes: a public and a virtual IP name and address for each node, and two addresses that resolve to the SCAN for the cluster. All names must conform to the RFC 952 standard, which permits alphanumeric characters and hyphens ("-"), but does not allow underscores ("_").

Provide an IP address for the public interface for each node. This interface is bond0, or

Eth1

on Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform, (a bond of Eth2 and Eth3), which is used for the host IP address for the node.

If you select a Custom installation, then provide names and addresses for the following optional interfaces that you need:

■ bond1

(Ethernet bond) This applies to all Oracle Database Appliance platforms bond2

(Ethernet bond) This applies only to Oracle Database Appliance Version 1

■ xbond0

(for high capacity transfers, such as backups). This applies only to Oracle

Database Appliance Version 1

Use bond1 and bond2 for management, backup, disaster recovery, or other options where you require a network interface. Be prepared to provide a netmask and a gateway for each interface as both are required when configuring network connections for Oracle Database Appliance.

Questions to Ask Your Oracle Database Appliance Administrator

1.

Is a network time protocol (NTP) service configured for each server, so that the local system time for each server is synchronized?

If you have NTP servers, and you want to synchronize time between Oracle

Database Appliance nodes using NTP, then be prepared to provide the addresses for the servers. Otherwise, the Oracle Grid Infrastructure software provides time synchronization between nodes using Cluster Time Synchronization Service

(CTSS).

2.

3.

Will the public IP address cables be plugged in to redundant switches to avoid a single point of failure for Oracle Database Appliance?

What root password should you use for Oracle Database Appliance? Root passwords should comply with your system security requirements.

Questions to Ask Your Network Administrator

Confirm with your network administrator that the IP addresses to be configured for

Oracle Database Appliance meet these three criteria:

1.

2.

3.

They are static IP addresses.

They are on the same subnet as all other IP addresses, virtual IP (VIP) addresses

(used for Real Application Clusters communication), and SCAN addresses.

They include the following:

One public IP address configured on the DNS server for each node and resolvable to that node before installation.

A VIP address for each node configured on the DNS server that is not currently in use.

2-6 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Gathering System Requirement Information

SCANs for Oracle Database Appliance with the following characteristics:

Configured on the DNS server before installation so that the two IP addresses are associated with the name provided as the SCAN, and both addresses are returned in random order to the requester by the DNS server

Configured on the DNS server before installation to resolve to addresses that are not currently in use

Have names that do not begin with a numeral

Caution:

Do not change the IP addresses and subnet for the private network.

Note:

Configuring SCANs in a Network Information Service (NIS) is not supported.

Additional Information

See the Oracle Database Appliance Owner’s Guide for information about replacing the

InfiniBand cards with 10 GbE SFP+ fiber cards. For a comprehensive introduction to

SCAN, see the Oracle Single Client Access Name (SCAN), a technical paper on Oracle

Technology: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/clustering/overview/scan-129069

.pdf

Information Checklist Tables

Print the checklist tables that match your system and use them to record your progress and save information that you gather for your system requirements.

Checklist for System Details

The following table is a checklist for gathering system information. Use the final column (the Value column) to record the selected values as you work through the checklist.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-7

Gathering System Requirement Information

Table 2–2 Checklist for System Details Configuration

System Information Description

Oracle Database

Appliance System Name

Type of Configuration

Provide the name for the cluster running on Oracle

Database Appliance. This name is also used as the default root word for Oracle Database Appliance network addresses. The name should comply with the host name specifications described in the RFC 952 standard. For example, the name should be alphanumeric and not begin with a numeral.

The name you choose will become the default first part of the names for the following items. The default (generated names) can be changed.

Oracle ILOM host names for Nodes 1 and 2

(systemname1-ilom and systemname2-ilom respectively)

SCAN host name (systemname-scan)

Node 0 and Node 1 Public IP addresses (systemname1 and systemname2 respectively)

Node 0 and Node 1 Virtual IP addresses

(systemname1-vip and systemname2-vip respectively)

Typical, which has the most default values

Custom (recommended by Oracle), which allows you to override default values for any or all of the following:

Database block size, language, territory, backup file location, or disk redundancy level for the DATA and

RECO disk groups

Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (Oracle ILOM) server

Oracle Auto Service Request (Oracle ASR) configuration

Oracle Cloud File System mount point and file system size

Network Time Protocol service server

Mode

Region

Bare metal or virtualized platform

Select the region where you plan to operate the Oracle

Database Appliance system.

Timezone

Initial Database Details (if you want to create one during deployment)

Select the time zone where you plan to operate the Oracle

Database Appliance system.

Database name

Normal or container database

Class (database template)

Database language

Database deployment (Oracle Enterprise Edition single instance, Oracle RAC One Node, or Oracle

RAC)

Data file size in GB (for container database only)

Value

2-8 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Gathering System Requirement Information

Note:

Do not use a host name with more than 13 characters.

Additionally, Oracle recommends that you use all lower case characters for the host name. The names are generated as follows: If you provide mysystem as the name of your system then the derived host names are mysystem0 and mysystem1; the derived host vip names are mysystem0-vip and mysystem1-vip and the ILOM names are

mysystem0-ilom and mysystem1-ilom.

Note:

You will need to provide a new password for the root user during deployment. However, there is no entry for this password in the preceding table because this is not a value that you should write down.

Checklist for Custom Node Network Address Configuration

By default, names for network interfaces are derived from the Oracle Database

Appliance system name, which you provide during installation. Also, when using the

Oracle Appliance Manager configurator, the addresses for the public IP addresses can be automatically assigned in a sequence starting with the address you provide for the public IP address for Node 0. The other IP addresses generated are, in order, the public address for Node 1, the virtual IP address for Node 0, the virtual IP address for Node

1, and the SCAN addresses.

Use the following checklists to identify the IP addresses required for Oracle Database

Appliance.

Table 2–3

lists the IP address defaults and requirements for Oracle

Database Appliance bare metal deployments. Table 2–4 lists the IP address defaults

and requirements for Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform. You can retain the default values or use addresses provided by your system administrator to perform a custom configuration. Ensure that all addresses with an "X" in the "Same Subnet" column are on the same subnet as each other.

Table 2–3 Minimum IP Address Requirements for Oracle Database Appliance Bare Metal

Systems

Type of IP

Host Public Addresses 2

Host Private Addresses

Minimum IP

Address Counts

4

IP Address

Default Values

192.168.16.24

192.168.16.25

192.168.17.24

192.168.17.25

1

2

Your Values As

Applicable

Not applicable: the private addresses are defined during deployment and should not be changed

Oracle RAC VIP 2

Single Client Access

Name (SCAN)

2

Oracle Integrated Lights

Out Manager (ILOM)

2

2

1

User Virtual Machine Not Applicable

This IP address is not used on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 when using InfiniBand

This IP address is not used on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 when using InfiniBand

Same

Subnet

X

X

X

X

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-9

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Table 2–4 Minimum IP Address Requirements for Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized

Platform

Type of IP

Minimum IP

Address Counts

IP Address Default

Values

Your Values As

Applicable

Same

Subnet

Host Public

Addresses

2 (for ODA_BASE)

2 (for Dom0)

(Total of 4)

192.168.16.24

192.168.16.25

192.168.17.24

1

192.168.17.25

2

Host Private

Addresses

2

192.168.16.24 (for

Dom0)

192.168.16.25 (for

Dom0)

192.168.16.27 (for

ODA_BASE)

192.168.16.28 (for

ODA_BASE)

Not applicable: the private addresses are defined during deployment and should not be changed

Oracle RAC VIP 2

Single Client

Access Name

(SCAN)

2

Oracle

Integrated

Lights Out

Manager

(ILOM)

2

1

2

User Virtual

Machine

At least 1 for each

Virtual Machine

This IP address is not used on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 when using InfiniBand

This IP address is not used on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 when using InfiniBand

X

X

X

X

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Use the standalone Oracle Database Appliance configurator to create an offline deployment plan and validate your network settings before the actual deployment.

However, if you prefer to configure your system at the time you deploy it, you can wait and use the online configurator that is part of the base Oracle Database Appliance software.

About the Standalone Oracle Database Appliance Configurator

The standalone Oracle Appliance Manager configurator is a Java-based tool that enables you to generate your deployment plan and validate your network settings before the actual deployment.

If you want to use this tool before deployment, then you must download and run the configurator on a local client system which can be a Linux, UNIX, MAC, or Windows system.

At the end of an offline configurator session, you can save your deployment plan in a configuration file. When you are ready to deploy, copy this configuration file to Oracle

Database Appliance and run the online Oracle Appliance Manager configurator to

2-10 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan import and deploy your saved plan. You can also print the file’s content and use the printout as a checklist for setting up your external network configuration.

Prior to saving your configuration file, Oracle recommends that you test your network settings. However, this will only work correctly if your client system is connected to same network that you will use for Oracle Database Appliance.

Running the Standalone Oracle Database Appliance Configurator

To run the standalone Oracle Database Appliance configurator:

1.

Download the standalone Oracle Appliance Manager configurator that matches your version of Oracle Database Appliance software.

All versions of the configurator are available from the Overview page by clicking the "Oracle Database Appliance Manager Configurator" link at

2.

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/database-appliance/overview/ index.html

Start the configurator using the command config.bat on a Windows client, or the command ./config.sh on a Linux or UNIX client.

The Oracle Appliance Manager Welcome page appears.

3.

4.

Click Next.

On the Configuration Type page, select the options for configuration type, environment, and hardware model. You can optionally load an existing configuration file by clicking Browse.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-11

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Oracle recommends the typical configuration except for SAP databases and applications, in which case select SAP Application. Choose the Custom option to configure additional or alternate network interfaces or to override the default values for one or more of the following:

Database block size, language, territory, backup file location, or disk redundancy level for the DATA and RECO disk groups

Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (Oracle ILOM) server

Oracle Auto Service Request (Oracle ASR) configuration

Oracle Cloud File System mount point and file system size

Network Time Protocol service server

To see the default values for your version of Oracle Database Appliance software before choosing the Typical or Custom option, run the configurator using the

Custom

option.

If you are installing Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform, then select

Virtualized Platform

. Otherwise, leave the default value, Bare Metal, as the environment option. If you are installing on X3-2, X4-2, or X5-2 hardware, then select ODA-X3-2, ODA-X4-2 or ODA-X5-2 respectively, or leave the default value,

ODA V1

, as the hardware option.

If you are using InfiniBand as the interconnect between the two Oracle Database

Appliance servers, select the Infiniband checkbox. This option is only available for Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 systems.

The Browse option is not useful during the initial run because there are no configuration files to load.

In this example, Typical, Virtualized Platform, and ODA-X5-2 are the selected options.

2-12 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Note:

The SAP Application option is only valid with the Bare Metal option.

5.

Click Next.

On the System Information page, provide the system name, and select the correct value from the lists for your region and time zone.

In the New Root Password and New Root Password (confirm) fields, enter a new password for the root user. This password is encrypted in the configuration file and will be temporarily decrypted to reset the password during deployment.

6.

7.

Click Next.

On the Network Information page, provide your domain name, DNS server addresses, public and VIP addresses for your two nodes, SCAN name and addresses, and Netmask and Gateway addresses.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-13

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

As you enter data on this page, some fields will automatically fill with values derived from earlier entries. For example, if the address that you provide for the

Node 0 public IP address is 192.0.2.18, then the default node addresses are generated as follows. Note that the default generated network names and IP addresses can be changed as needed.

Node 0 public IP address: 192.0.2.18

Node 1 public IP address: 192.0.2.19

Node 0 virtual IP (VIP) address: 192.0.2.20

Node 1 virtual IP (VIP) address: 192.0.2.21

SCAN addresses (two addresses resolving to the SCAN VIP name): 192.0.2.22,

192.0.2.23

Note:

For information about requirements for nonstandard public IP addresses, see

"Checklist for Custom Node Network Address

Configuration"

.

8.

9.

Click Next.

On the Database Information page, select whether you want to create an initial database. If you check the box to create a database, then you can also provide your database details. These details include the database name, which you must enter, and the following options, selected from the available list values:

Is Container Database

: leaving the default value, false, will build a non-container database

Database Type:

the default type is OLTP, or you can select DSS or In-Memory

2-14 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Database Class

: see

"Selecting Database Templates"

for guidelines to help you choose the appropriate template, noting that not all options are available for all models of Oracle Database Appliance; the default class is odb-06

Database Language

: the default language is AMERICAN

Database Deployment

: select one of the following, where RAC is the default:

Oracle RAC

Oracle RAC One Node

Oracle Database Enterprise Edition (no Oracle RAC)

Data File Size (GB)

: if you indicated that you want to build a container database, then you need to provide a database data file size in the final field on the page. (This field does not accept input unless the Is Container Database selection is True.) If you do not want to create an initial database, then do not check the Create Initial Database check box.

Data Files on Flash Storage

: select true if you plan to store your entire database in flash storage (400 GB SSDs); otherwise, leave the selection false.

This option is only available on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 systems.

Click Next.

10.

On the Network Validation page, either validate the network settings and save the validation output in a file or bypass the validation step by selecting the Skip

Network Validations

check box.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-15

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

Oracle recommends that you validate your network before deploying your configuration. However, unless you are running Oracle Appliance Manager configurator on a server attached to the network subnet configured for your appliance, the validation will fail. Should this occur, enable the Skip Network

Validations

check box, and then click Next to proceed to the next page. If you run the validation, then review the results. After you review the results, if you are ready to proceed, then click Next. If the validation fails, then save the validation output to review these results with your network administrator. To save the configuration information that you have entered and correct the network addresses later, select Skip Network Validations and click Next to continue to the next page.

11.

On the Summary page, review the configuration options that you have selected.

Click Save to save the configuration file, or click Back to modify your selections.

You can print the contents of the configuration file and use the printout to review your configuration entries for deployment planning purposes. You might also use the configuration file during the actual deployment, as described in

"Task 5:

Deploy Your Configuration (All Platform Deployments)" on page 4-5.

2-16 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

If you are running the configurator on Oracle Database Appliance and have completed the preliminary steps to configure your initial network and install the

End-User Bundle or deploy ODA_BASE, then you can click Install to deploy the configuration that you just created. If you are not ready to complete the deployment, then first click Save and then click Finish. Note the name and location of the file you save as you might want to copy the file to your Oracle

Database Appliance, as described in

Chapter 4, "Deploying Oracle Software on

Oracle Database Appliance."

If you need to make corrections before deployment, then rerun the standalone Oracle Appliance Manager configurator, load your configuration file, make the changes, and save the file again.

Preparing for Oracle Database Appliance Installation and Deployment 2-17

Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan

2-18 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

3

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for

Deployment

This chapter covers the following tasks that you must complete before deploying

Oracle Database Appliance software:

Attaching Supplied Cables

This task is not required for Oracle Database Appliance Version 1 which has all interconnects and storage connections pre-configured when shipped.

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

This task is not required for Oracle Database Appliance Version 1 which does not use external storage shelves.

Attaching Peripheral Devices

This task is only applicable if you have direct access to Oracle Database Appliance and intend to use a locally connected monitor, keyboard, and mouse.

Booting Up the First Time

The steps in this section apply to your newly-installed Oracle Database Appliance but are also applicable when you need to power it down or add new hardware, such as a storage expansion shelf.

Configuring Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager

Although this is not a required step, or one that you can perform after deployment, Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (ILOM) provides alternate ways to restart and troubleshoot Oracle Database Appliance.

Configuring an Initial Network Connection

To build your network information during deployment, you need a temporary network configuration framework, which this section explains how to configure.

Validating Oracle Appliance Manager Software Version

Oracle recommends that you always use the current version of Oracle Database

Appliance software if you are deploying or redeploying.

For more information on installing the hardware, see the Oracle Database Appliance

Setup Poster and the Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide.

Attaching Supplied Cables

Use

Figure 3–1

and

Figure 3–2

to guide you as you insert the supplied cables into

Oracle Database Appliance models with a single storage shelf. If you are able to

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-1

Attaching Supplied Cables distinguish colors, then match cable colors (for the green and yellow cables), or the labels at the ends of each cable, with the colored line shown in the following illustration. Also match the cable colors to the background colors of the socket identification labels. If you are unable to use color coding, then use the callout

numbers described in Table 3–1

to complete the cabling for Oracle Database Appliance with a single storage shelf. Because all cables with the same terminations are interchangeable, you can safely ignore the color coding.

The cables shown in Figure 3–1

and

Figure 3–2 and described in Table 3–1

are included with each shipped Oracle Database Appliance. Other than the green and yellow Cat-6 cables, the cables are all black, but have colored labels at each end that match the references to cable colors in the text and the label colors on the back panels.

See the Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide for details about cabling with the supplied Cable Management Arm.

Note:

The back panel of each node contains three PCIe generation 3 terminal slots, with two sockets in each slot. The PCIe slots are labeled

"X PCIe3," where "X" is the PCIe slot number.

Table 3–1

identifies these slots as PCIe slot 1, PCIe slot 2, and PCIe slot 3, which matches the numbers on the labels reading from left to right. The storage shelf back panel has two IO modules, one located above the other. Each IO module has three ports, numbered 0, 1, and 2.

Table 3–1

identifies these ports as either “top” or “bottom” ports, for ports in the upper and in the lower IO module respectively.

Attaching Cables for Oracle Database Appliance X5-2

Figure 3–1

illustrates the cable connections between ports on Oracle Database

Appliance model X5-2 in a single storage shelf. The numbered callouts are defined in

Table 3–1

.

Figure 3–1 Interconnects and Cables for a Single Storage Shelf on Oracle Database

Appliance X5-2

3-2 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Attaching Supplied Cables

Attaching Cables for Oracle Database Appliance Models X4-2 and X3-2

Figure 3–2

illustrates the cable connections between ports on Oracle Database

Appliance model X4-2 and model X3-2 in a single storage shelf. The numbered callouts

are defined in Table 3–1 .

Figure 3–2 Interconnects and Cables for Single Storage Shelf on Oracle Database

Appliance X4-2 and X3-2

Table 3–1 Description of Callouts for Cabling Oracle Database Appliance With Single

Storage Shelf

Callout Number Description

1

2

3

Green InfiniBand Cable (Oracle Database Appliance X5-2)

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 1, PORT2

To: Node 1, PCIe slot 1, PORT2

Green Cat 6 cable (Oracle Database Appliance X3-2) or green-labelled twinax cable (Oracle Database Appliance X4-2):

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 1, NET0

To: Node 1, PCIe slot 1, NET0

Yellow InfiniBand Cable (Oracle Database Appliance X5-2)

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 1, PORT1

To: Node 1, PCIe slot 1, PORT1

Yellow Cat 6 cable (Oracle Database Appliance X3-2) or yellow-labeled twinax cable (Oracle Database Appliance X4-2)

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 1, NET1

To: Node 1, PCIe slot 1, NET1

Dark blue SAS cable:

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 2, SAS0

To: Storage shelf, top I/O port 0

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-3

Attaching Supplied Cables

Table 3–1 (Cont.) Description of Callouts for Cabling Oracle Database Appliance With

Single Storage Shelf

Callout Number Description

4

5

6

Light blue SAS cable:

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 3, SAS1

To: Storage shelf, bottom I/O port 0

Dark red SAS cable:

From: Node 1, PCIe slot 2, SAS1

To: Storage shelf, top I/O port 1

Light red SAS cable:

From: Node 1, PCIe slot 3, SAS0

To: Storage shelf, bottom I/O port 1

Caution:

Do not attach cables to ethernet ports in the I/O modules labeled "SERVICE ONLY" when cabling the system. These ports are intended for use by service engineers only. You must use Oracle

Appliance Manager to manage Oracle Database Appliance storage.

Cabling Oracle Database Appliance to Connect to Fiber Public Networks (Optional)

For Oracle Database Appliance X4-2 and X5-2 installations, if you wish to use fiber connections between Oracle Database Appliance and your public network, the interconnect must be cabled using the green and yellow copper ports (onboard ports net0 and net1). The green and yellow Cat 6 interconnect cables for these ports ship with the base system.

Oracle Database Appliance X4-2 includes fiber ports as part of the base configuration.

However, for Oracle Database Appliance X5-2, you must replace the InfiniBand cards with 10 GbE SFP+ (fiber) cards, because fiber ports do not exist in the base configuration.

Caution:

If you replace the Infiniband interconnect cards on Oracle

Database Appliance X5-2, then you will not be able to use the Oracle

Database Appliance in-memory fault tolerance feature. Also, interconnect bandwidth will be reduced from 40 GB to 10 GB. If you have RAC databases, then you may have slower intercommunication speeds (depending on the workload).

Refer to the Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide for instructions on how to replace PCIe cards for Oracle Database Appliance. Once you replace the cards, Oracle

Database Appliance will auto-detect the network configuration changes.

Note:

You must re-image Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 after you replace the PCIe cards.

Figure 3–3

, callouts 1 and 2., illustrate proper cabling for the green and yellow copper ports (onboard ports net0 and net1) to interconnect Oracle Database Appliance to a fiber public network. Note that the illustration shows the rear panel of the Oracle

3-4 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

Database Appliance X4-2. The rear panel of the Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 is slightly different but the interconnect cabling is the same.

Figure 3–3 Interconnects When Using Fiber Connections to the Public Network on

Oracle Database Appliance Models X5-2 and X4-2

Here are the cabling options for 10 GbE SFP+ PCI cards:

Copper

For copper cables, you can purchase the following cables from Oracle Sun. These cables have built-in SFP+ connectors:

Name

TwinAx 1m

TwinAx 3m

TwinAx 5m

Length

1m

3 m

5m

Oracle Sun Part #

X2130-1M

X2130-3M

X2130-5M

Fiber

For optical cables, you must purchase either Short Range (SR) or Long Range (LR)

SFP+ transceivers for each of the network ports and then plug in the appropriate optical cable. Currently, Oracle sells both the SR and LR SFP+ transceivers. In addition to these transceivers, you must purchase the appropriate LC-LC terminated fiber optic cables from a third-party vendor.

Name Part #

10 GbE Transceiver SR (SFP+) X2129A-N

10 GbE Transceiver LR (SFP+) X5562A-Z

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

Oracle Database Appliance models X3-2, X4-2, and X5-2 can be shipped with one or two storage shelves. You can obtain the second shelf at a later time to double your storage capacity.

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-5

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

If you originally deploy Oracle Database Appliance with only one storage shelf, you can add a storage expansion shelf at any time without having to shut down your databases or applications.

Oracle recommends that you add a storage expansion shelf when you have relatively little activity on your databases. As soon as Oracle Database Appliance recognizes the new storage, ASM automatically rebalances the disk groups, which might degrade database performance until the operation completes.

Complete the following two tasks to install and to cable the storage expansion shelf:

Installing a Storage Expansion Shelf

Cabling a Storage Expansion Shelf

Installing a Storage Expansion Shelf

To install a storage expansion shelf:

1.

Physically locate the storage expansion shelf below your Oracle Database

Appliance, if possible, or else close enough to connect the provided cables.

Note:

The storage expansion shelf normally sits at the bottom of

Oracle Database Appliance, beneath the storage shelf. However, because racks should always be provisioned from the bottom up, that space might be unavailable. In these cases, to avoid re-rack mounting the entire system, position the storage expansion shelf above the server nodes or even in a different, but adjacent, rack.

2.

3.

The extension storage shelf is installed in exactly the same manner as the original storage shelf. For information about installing optional components in the Oracle

Database Appliance, see the section "Optional Component Installation" in Chapter

4 of the Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide.

Install the supplied cables as described in "Cabling a Storage Expansion Shelf" or

as shown on the Oracle Database Appliance Setup Poster.

Caution:

Incorrect connections can cause data loss when adding a storage expansion shelf to Oracle Database Appliance with existing databases.

4.

Attach the supplied power cords as explained in

"Attaching Power Cords and

Initializing Components" .

Caution:

Do not turn on power to the expansion shelf until you have added the cables as described in

"Cabling a Storage Expansion Shelf" .

Note:

Oracle recommends that you do not remove a storage expansion shelf from Oracle Database Appliance, whether the shelf was installed during the initial setup or added later.

3-6 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

Cabling a Storage Expansion Shelf

Figure 3–4

and Figure 3–5

show you how to insert the required cables into the storage expansion shelf of Oracle Database Appliance. The cables for the two nodes and the original storage shelf are included in the illustration for reference.

If you are able to distinguish colors, match the colors of the labels at the ends of each cable with the colored line shown in the following illustration. Also match the cable colors to the background colors of the socket identification labels.

If you are unable to use color coding, then use the callout numbers described in

Table 3–2

to complete the cabling of the storage expansion shelf. Because all cables with the same terminations are interchangeable, you can ignore the color coding.

See the Oracle Database Appliance Owner’s Guide for details about cabling with the supplied Cable Management Arm.

Figure 3–4 Cables for Storage Expansion Shelf on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-7

Attaching a Storage Expansion Shelf

Figure 3–5 Cables for Storage Expansion Shelf on Oracle Database Appliance X3-2 and

X4-2

The cables identified with callout numbers in Figure 3–4 and

Figure 3–5 and described

in

Table 3–2

are included with each shipped Oracle Database Appliance storage expansion shelf. These cables are all black, but have colored labels at each end that match the references to cable colors in the text and the label colors on the back panels.

Note:

The back panel of each node contains three PCIe generation 3 terminal slots, with two sockets in each slot. The PCIe slots are labeled

"X PCIe3," where "X" is the PCIe slot number.

Table 3–2

identifies these slots as PCIe slot 1, PCIe slot 2, and PCIe slot 3, which matches the numbers on the labels reading from left to right. The storage expansion shelf back panel has two IO modules, one located above the

other. Each IO module has three ports, numbered 0, 1, and 2. Table 3–2

identifies these ports as either "top" or "bottom" ports, for ports in the upper and in the lower IO module respectively.

Table 3–2 Description of Callouts for Cabling Oracle Database Appliance Storage

Expansion Shelf

Callout Number

7

8

Description

Dark blue SAS cable:

From: Node 1, PCIe slot 2, SAS0

To: Storage expansion shelf, top I/O port 0

Light blue SAS cable:

From: Node 1, PCIe slot 3, SAS1

To: Storage expansion shelf, bottom I/O port 0

3-8 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Attaching Peripheral Devices

Table 3–2 (Cont.) Description of Callouts for Cabling Oracle Database Appliance

Storage Expansion Shelf

Callout Number Description

9

10

Dark red SAS cable:

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 2, SAS1

To: Storage expansion shelf, top I/O port 1

Light red SAS cable:

From: Node 0, PCIe slot 3, SAS0

To: Storage expansion shelf, bottom I/O port 1

Caution:

Do not attach cables to ethernet ports in the I/O modules labeled "SERVICE ONLY" when cabling the system. These ports are intended for use by service engineers only.

Attaching Peripheral Devices

Oracle Database Appliance is not equipped with devices for human interaction, such as a monitor or keyboard. To log in directly (not through a network), attach a monitor to the graphics card port and a keyboard and a mouse to the USB ports on Node 0 only. See callout 1 for the keyboard and mouse inputs and callout 2 for the monitor

input in the following figures, where Figure 3–6

shows Oracle Database Appliance models X3-2 and X4-2. The Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 rear panel is slightly different however the peripheral device connections are the same as X3-2 and X4-2.

Figure 3–7

shows Oracle Database Appliance Version 1.

Figure 3–6 Peripheral Device Connections for Oracle Database Appliance (Node 0)

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-9

Booting Up the First Time

Figure 3–7 Peripheral Device Connections for Oracle Database Appliance Version 1

(Node 0)

Booting Up the First Time

To ready Oracle Database Appliance for the powering on the first time, you need to attach all of the required power cords, which differ between models and options, and confirm that initialization completes successfully. You can then start up the system by switching on the process server nodes.

These two tasks are described in the following sections:

Attaching Power Cords and Initializing Components

Powering On the First Time

Attaching Power Cords and Initializing Components

Use the callouts in Figure 3–8

and Figure 3–9 and Table 3–3 as guides to insert the

supplied power cords into Oracle Database Appliance models with external storage.

Ensure that the electrical outlets providing the power are grounded before plugging in the power cords.

3-10 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Booting Up the First Time

Figure 3–8 Power Cord Connections on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-11

Booting Up the First Time

Figure 3–9 Power Cord Connections on Oracle Database Appliance X4-2 and X3-2

If you use only a single AC circuit, connect both power cords for each component to that circuit. However, to maintain N+1 power supply redundancy, use two separate

AC circuits. Then, for both nodes and the storage shelf or shelves, connect one power cord from each AC circuit into each component. See the following table, where the two separate AC circuits are denoted by AC1 and AC2, for the recommended power connections as identified by the callouts in the preceding figure.

Caution:

Before you insert any power cables, ensure that the power supply On/Off switch on the storage shelf is in the Off position. If a storage expansion shelf is installed, then ensure that the power supply switches on both storage shelves are in the Off position.

3

4

1

2

Table 3–3 Electrical Power Cord Connections for Oracle Database Appliance with

Storage Shelves

Callout Number Component AC Circuit

Node 1

Node 0

Node 1

Node 0

AC1

AC1

AC2

AC2

3-12 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Booting Up the First Time

6

7

8

Table 3–3 (Cont.) Electrical Power Cord Connections for Oracle Database Appliance with Storage Shelves

Callout Number Component AC Circuit

5 Storage expansion shelf (Not required for single storage shelf implementations)

AC1

Storage shelf AC1

Storage shelf AC2

Storage expansion shelf (Not required for single storage shelf implementations)

AC2

Oracle Database Appliance Version 1 hardware has only one power socket for each node. The power sockets are at the lower left corner of the rear panels. Ensure that the electrical outlets providing the power are grounded before plugging in the power cords.

See the Oracle Database Appliance Owner's Guide for details about cabling with the supplied Cable Management Arm.

Powering On the First Time

Before continuing with the following steps, ensure that all of the required power cables are attached to both Oracle Database Appliance nodes and to one or both storage shelves, if included in your system.

Note:

You might notice that the two nodes appear to be running as soon as you attach the power cords because the fans are turned on and the front panel LEDs start to blink or eventually remain on. However, to properly start the system processors, you must complete the steps in this section.

1.

If attached, switch the storage power supplies On/Off switch to the “On” position for each storage shelf.

Each storage shelf has a two power switches, one located on the right side and one on the left side of the rear panel.

The disks begin to initialize which can take several minutes.

Note:

Do not apply main power to the server nodes until the storage shelves are fully initialized, indicated by the green LEDs on the shelves and the system processer (SP) on the nodes staying steadily lit.

2.

Wait for the server nodes, and storage shelves, if attached, to complete their initialization steps. To indicate that initialization is complete, the green system processer (SP) LEDs on the front of the nodes will stop blinking and remain steadily on. See callout 1 in the following figures, the first of which shows the front panel of Oracle Database Appliance Version 1 and second of which shows the front panel of all other models.

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-13

Booting Up the First Time

Figure 3–10 Front of Oracle Database Appliance Models X3-2, X4-2, and X5-2: Power

Panel

Figure 3–11 Front of Oracle Database Appliance Version 1: Power Panel

3.

When both nodes are initialized, on each node:

Push the recessed Power button on the node’s front panel (see callout 2 in the preceding figures).

Wait for several minutes until for the green Power OK LED on the node’s front panel (see callout 3 in the preceding figures) to stay on instead of blinking.

Note:

Do not repeatedly push the power button, callout 2 in the preceding figures.

Oracle Database Appliance is ready for use as soon as the green Power OK

LEDs (see callout 3 in Figure 3–10 ) on the front of both system nodes remain

steadily on.

Defining Your Public Network Option

After you power on Oracle Database Appliance X4-2 for the first time, a short script runs on each node. Use an attached keyboard to answer questions that the script displays on the local monitor.

3-14 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Configuring Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager

Note:

The above statement is valid for Oracle Database Appliance

X4-2 only. When you power on Oracle Database Appliance X5-2 for the first time, the system automatically defines your public network interface based on the interconnect. On Oracle Database Appliance

X5-2, the InfiniBand network is used for the interconnect if InfiniBand cards are used. If InfiniBand cards are replaced with 10 GbE SFP+

(fiber) cards, then the onboard 10GBase-T (Copper) ports are used for the interconnect. See

Figure 3–3 for interconnect cabling instructions

when InfiniBand cards are replaced with 10 GbE SFP+ (fiber) cards.

First, define your system’s public connection type by responding to the following:

Do you want to use Fiber or Copper card for public network? Please Choose [C]opper or [F]iber.

If you are connecting to a copper-based public network, then enter C. If you are connecting to a fiber-based public network, then enter F. The script then prompts you to confirm your choice.

If you make a mistake or need to change your public network choice later, reconfigure your system by running the script /opt/oracle/oak/lib/setupX4network.pl as the root

user on both nodes.

WARNING: If you have already deployed the End-User Bundle (for a Bare Metal installation) or the ODA_BASE template (for a

Virtualized Platform installation), then you will need to redeploy that software after running the setupX4network.pl procedure.

Configuring Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager

Configure Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager (Oracle ILOM) to manage Oracle

Database Appliance independently of the operating system.

Although not required, Oracle ILOM provides alternate ways to restart and troubleshoot Oracle Database Appliance.

To configure Oracle ILOM, you will need:

A name and IP address for each of the two nodes

A password to replace the default Oracle ILOM password

Access to a management network through an assigned netmask

An Ethernet cable connected from each node of Oracle Database Appliance, using the nodes’ NET MGT ports, into the management network

In the default configuration, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is enabled in Oracle ILOM and the DHCP server automatically assigns network settings to each node. To determine the IP address or host name assigned by the DHCP server to the nodes, use the network tools provided with the DHCP server.

If you do not use DHCP, then use the custom option in Oracle Database Appliance

Manager configurator to assign IP addresses and host names to Oracle ILOM when you deploy your database.

Refer to Chapter 2, "Overview of Oracle Database Appliance" in Oracle Database

Appliance Owner's Guide for details about the port used for ILOM on your platform.

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-15

Configuring an Initial Network Connection

Additionally, the Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager Documentation Library at http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E19860-01/index.html

provides additional information about Oracle ILOM.

Note:

Until you complete Oracle Database Appliance configuration,

as described in Chapter 4 , you will not be able to access Oracle ILOM

unless DCHP is enabled.

To connect to the Oracle ILOM, use one of the following two methods:

1.

Log in using a web interface by completing these steps:

a.

b.

Using a client system’s browser, enter the IP address or host name assigned by

DHCP into the browser address field and press Enter.

At the login page, enter the default user name, root and the default password, changeme

.

2.

The Oracle ILOM web interface appears.

Log in using a command line interface (CLI) by completing these steps:

a.

Using a client system, establish a secure shell (SSH) connection by entering the following on the command line:

b.

ssh -l root

sp_ip_address where sp_ip_address is the IP address assigned by DHCP.

Enter the default user name, root, and the default password, changeme.

The Oracle ILOM CLI prompt appears.

Configuring an Initial Network Connection

To manage your Oracle Database Appliance deployment across a network, you need to configure an initial network connection. You use this network to transfer deployment software to Oracle Database Appliance.

If you have physical access to your Oracle Database Appliance, then you can download deployment software to USB storage that you plug into the system, in which case you do not need an initial network.

Note:

An initial network configuration will be replaced during the final image deployment.

1.

2.

3.

Log in as root, password welcome1. If you are configuring the network on Oracle

Database Appliance Virtualized Platform, then login to Dom0 to complete this step.

Oracle recommends that you perform a validity check of cabling before you perform any other actions on Oracle Database Appliance with one or more storage shelves, unless you are planning a virtualized platform deployment. (For

Virtualized Platform installations, the check is performed after deploying the system as described in

Chapter 4 ). Perform this check by running the oakcli

validate -c storageTopology

command.

Run the oakcli configure firstnet command to configure the initial network.

3-16 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Validating Oracle Appliance Manager Software Version

You might need to refer to data that you collected on the work sheets in the first section of this chapter for some of the required values. Use the global option by accepting the default value in the first prompt and then provide the required data for the remaining prompts. You do not need to enter anything to accept the default values that are shown in square brackets at the end of prompts.

The following is an example shows the key features of the dialog, some details may be different depending on the model of Oracle Database Appliance. In this example, default values are always selected and values that you need to provide when running the command are shown in italic font.

oakcli configure firstnet

Configure the network for the node(s)(local, global) [global]:

The network configuration for both nodes:

Domain Name: your organization domain name

DNS Server(s): Primary Dns Server: your primary DNS server

Secondary Dns Server: your secondary DNS server

Tertiary Dns Server: your tertiary DNS server

Node Name Host Name

0 your Node 0 host name

1 your Node 1 host name

Choose the network interface to configure (net1, net2, net3, net4) [net1]:

Configure DHCP on net1 (yes/no) [no]:

You have chosen static configuration on net1

Enter the IP address for net1 on Node 0: your Node 0 IP address

Enter the IP address for net1 on Node 1: your Node 1 IP address

Netmask for net1: your netmask

Gateway Address for net1 [<Gateway IP>]:

Plumbing the IPs now on Node 0 …

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Plumbing the IPs now on Node 1 …

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

In the preceding example, the prompt for the net1 gateway address includes a default value, shown as <Gateway IP>. The program derives this gateway address using values from previous entries. You should accept this value unless your network administrator has provided a specific address that differs from the derived address.

Caution:

Oracle recommends using the oakcli configure firstnet command only one time on Oracle Database Appliance. Subsequent use after configuring the initial network can cause unpredictable changes to your network settings.

Validating Oracle Appliance Manager Software Version

Before deploying Oracle Database Appliance, as described in

Chapter 4 , you should

have the current version of the Oracle Appliance Manager software installed. Run the following command to find the installed version: oakcli show version

Confirm that you have the version 12.1.2.5.0. If you have an earlier version, then see the My Oracle Support Note 888888.1 (at https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NOT&id=888888.1

) for information on how to re-image your system with the current version.

Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment 3-17

Validating Oracle Appliance Manager Software Version

3-18 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

4

Deploying Oracle Software on Oracle Database

Appliance

This chapter provides a checklist of tasks to deploy Oracle software after you have

established connectivity to Oracle Database Appliance as described in Chapter 3,

"Readying Oracle Database Appliance for Deployment." Deploying Oracle Database

Appliance software requires approximately 1 hour to complete for bare metal installations and about 3 hours for virtualized platform deployments. The extra time for virtualized deployments is required to complete additional steps and because some operations take longer when configuring virtual domains.

Each task in this chapter identifies whether it applies to a bare metal platform, to a virtualized platform, or to all platforms. Take care to perform only the tasks designated for a deployment on your platform: tasks 1, 3, 4, and 5 are for Oracle

Database Appliance Virtualized Platform deployments, tasks 2, 4, and 5 are for Oracle

Database Appliance bare metal deployments.

You can repeat a failed deployment, or perform a new deployment to convert from a bare metal to a virtualized platform, or from a virtualized to a bare metal platform, after running a cleanup script as described at the end of this chapter.

Note:

If you are planning to convert from Oracle Database Appliance

Virtualized Platform to a bare metal deployment, first check with My

Oracle Support to confirm that you have a compatible image installed.

Refer to the Oracle Database Appliance Setup Poster for an overview of the deployment process.

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

You must complete the deployment tasks in the order that they are listed. However, some tasks are not needed for bare metal deployments and other steps are not needed for virtualized platform deployments. When you are not required to complete a task for your type of deployment, continue with the next required task.

Task 1: Check Oracle Database Appliance Virtualization Status (Virtualized Platform

Deployments Only)

To check whether Oracle Database Appliance has a virtualized platform image installed, log in as root with the password welcome1 and enter the command oakcli show env_hw

. If the output contains the value VM-Dom0 along with the model of your hardware, then you can proceed with deployment of Oracle Database Appliance

Deploying Oracle Software on Oracle Database Appliance 4-1

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

Virtualized Platform as described in the next section. If the command does not produce the required output or generates errors, then you must install the Oracle

Database Appliance virtualized platform image.

Note:

Find instructions to install the Oracle Database Appliance virtualized image in the My Oracle Support Note 1520579.1 at https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NO

T&id=1520579.1

After installing the virtualized image, you may need to reconfigure your initial network as described in

"Configuring an Initial Network Connection" .

Task 2: Install the End-User Bundle (Bare Metal Platform Deployments Only)

You must install the end-user bundle on Oracle Database Appliance before you deploy any other software. This requires downloading the appropriate patch file to your external client and then copying and installing the patch as described in the following steps.

1.

From an external client machine, log on to My Oracle Support and access MOS note 888888.1 at

2.

3.

4.

https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NOT&id=888888

.1

In the Latest Releases section, find the link to the patch described as "End User

Bundle (GI+RDBMS)."

Click the link to download the current Oracle Database Appliance end-user bundle patch onto the client system (desktop or laptop).

Copy the end-user bundle patch to a location on Oracle Database Appliance (for example, the /tmp directory) using a secure copy (scp) command by navigating to the folder on your client where you downloaded the end-user bundle patch, then enter a command similar to the following (which shows an Oracle Database

Appliance Release 2.10 file): scp p12978712_210000_Linux-x86-64.zip [email protected]_host:/tmp

This example assumes that you set up a static IP address with the host name oda_ host

and configured Oracle Database Appliance with that address using the oakcli configure firstnet command. Refer to the Oracle Database Appliance

Administration and Reference Guide for details on the oakcli configure firstnet command syntax and usage.

Alternatively, place the end-user bundle patch onto a USB storage device that you make accessible on Oracle Database Appliance. Go to go to the location of the end-user bundle image on the device.

Note:

Format any USB drives as FAT32, ext3, or ext4. NTFS file formats are not supported.

5.

Use the command syntax oakcli unpack -package /directory_path/package_

name

to unpack the Oracle Database Appliance software. directory_path is the path where the end-user bundle patch file is located.

4-2 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

For example, if the end-user bundle patch files for Oracle Database Appliance

Release 12.1.2.5.0 are in /tmp, then the following commands will unpack p12978712_121250_Linux-x86-64.1of2.zip and p12978712_121250_

Linux-x86-64.2of2.zip

# oakcli unpack -package /tmp/p12978712_121250_Linux-x86-64.1of2.zip

# oakcli unpack -package /tmp/p12978712_121250_Linux-x86-64.2of2.zip

The oakcli unpack command unpacks the bundle patch, and places the extracted files in the directory locations required for deployment.

Task 3: Install the ODA_BASE Template (Virtualized Platform Deployments Only)

You must install the ODA_BASE template on Oracle Database Appliance before you deploy any other software. This requires downloading the appropriate ODA_BASE template to an external client and then copying the template to your Oracle Database

Appliance as described in the following steps.

1.

From an external client machine, log on to My Oracle Support and access note

888888.1 at: https://support.oracle.com/CSP/main/article?cmd=show&type=NOT&id=888888

.1

2.

3.

4.

In the Latest Releases section, find the link to the patch described as "VM Template

(ODA_BASE)."

Click the link to download the current Oracle Database Appliance ODA_BASE template onto your external client.

Use an scp command to copy the ODA_BASE template from the external client to

Dom0 on Node 0. Use the /scp or /OVS directory as the target location.

Alternatively, you could place the ODA_BASE template onto a USB storage device and copy the template once the USB device is visible on Oracle Database

Appliance.

Note:

Format any USB drives as FAT32, ext3, or ext4. NTFS file formats are not supported.

5.

6.

Log in to Dom0 as root on Node 0 of Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized

Platform and copy the ODA_BASE template to the /OVS directory on Dom0 if it is not already there. Remain logged in to Dom0 while you complete the remaining steps in this task.

Use the command oakcli deploy oda_base and respond to the prompts to deploy ODA_BASE. This command automatically deploys ODA_BASE on both nodes. If your ODA_BASE template is in the /OVS directory, then your deployment dialog should look similar to the following example (values, such as the number of available CPU cores, differ between Oracle Database Appliance

Virtualized Platform hardware platforms):

# oakcli deploy oda_base

Enter the template location: /OVS/templateBuild-2012-12-22-12-05.tar.gz

Core Licensing Options:

1. 2 CPU Cores

2. 4 CPU Cores

3. 6 CPU Cores

4. 8 CPU Cores

Deploying Oracle Software on Oracle Database Appliance 4-3

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

5. 10 CPU Cores

6. 12 CPU Cores

7. 14 CPU Cores

8. 16 CPU Cores

9. 24 CPU Cores

10. 36 CPU Cores

Selection [1 : 6]: 3

ODA base domain memory in GB (min 16, max 244)(Current Memory 150G)[default

192]: 32

7.

The oakcli deploy oda_base command also enables you to assign one or more virtual local area networks (VLANs) to your ODA_BASE. To deploy VLANs, respond with y when prompted for additional VLAN networks, and respond with n

when you have no (or no more) VLANs to deploy, as shown in this partial example:

Additional vlan networks to be assigned to oda_base ? (y/n) : y

Select the network to assign [Test00,Test01,Test02,Test03]: Test00

Additional vlan networks to be assigned to oda_base ? (y/n) : y

Select the network to assign [Test00,Test01,Test02,Test03]: Test01

Additional vlan networks to be assigned to oda_base ? (y/n) : n

8.

Refer to the Oracle Database Appliance Administration and Reference Guide for more information about VLANs on Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized

Platform.

When the command completes, verify that your deployment of ODA_BASE is valid by running the show oda_base command. Examine the output to confirm that ODA_BASE is configured as shown in the following example.

# oakcli show oda_base

ODA base domain

ODA base CPU cores :2

ODA base domain memory :16

ODA base template :/tmp/oda_base_2.10.tar.gz

ODA base vlans :['priv1', 'net1', 'net2', 'net3', 'net4', 'db_mgmt']

ODA base current status :Running

Note:

If you have problems and need to cleanup and start again with a new ODA_BASE deployment, then first run the following command from Dom0 on Node 0:

/opt/oracle/oak/tools/cleanOdabase.py

This command will remove ODA_BASE so that you can try a fresh deployment.

9.

If you are deploying Oracle Database Appliance X3-2, Oracle Database Appliance

X4-2, or Oracle Database Appliance X5-2, then Oracle recommends that you check the storage cabling before continuing with deployment. To perform this check, connect to ODA_BASE on Node 0 using root for the user name and welcome1 for the password. After connecting, run the following command:

# oakcli validate -c storagetopology

The command will display errors if the cables between the two nodes and the storage shelf or shelves are not in the correct sockets.

4-4 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

Task 4: Prepare to Run Oracle Appliance Manager Configurator (All Platform

Deployments)

Log in to Node 0 of Oracle Database Appliance as the root user with the default password. If you are deploying on Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform, then you need to connect to ODA_BASE through VNC using dom0 for the Hostname and 5900 for the Port.

If you want to deploy from a configuration file that you created offline, as described in

"Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan" then copy the

configuration file to Oracle Database Appliance using a command similar to the scp command used to copy the patch in Step 4 of your previous task. If you are deploying on Oracle Database Appliance Virtualized Platform, then you need to copy the file from Dom0 to ODA_BASE using another scp command to send the file to the internal

IP address 192.168.16.27. You can place the configuration file in the /tmp directory for convenience, or into a more permanent location for future use.

Run the command startx to ready the X Window System for Oracle Appliance

Manager configurator.

Note:

Set the DISPLAY variable in your terminal window if the oakcli deploy

command fails to open the Welcome window in Oracle

Appliance Manager configurator.

Task 5: Deploy Your Configuration (All Platform Deployments)

You must have a configuration file to deploy Oracle Database Appliance. You can use a file that you created earlier with the standalone Oracle Appliance Manager configurator or build a new one at this time. You can also use a configuration file previously built and saved on Oracle Database Appliance.

To initiate the deployment using an existing configuration file, enter a command similar to the following, substituting your file’s name and directory path as necessary:

# oakcli deploy -conf /tmp/onecommand.param

Note:

Do not use a configuration file created for an earlier version of

Oracle Appliance Manager configurator. If you do not have a current configuration file, then complete a real-time configuration and deployment as described in the following step.

To initiate a real-time configuration and deployment, enter the following command:

# oakcli deploy

Follow the instructions to complete the Oracle Appliance Manager configurator screens given in

"Creating an Oracle Appliance Manager Deployment Plan"

. Select the

Install

option on the configurator Summary page to complete the deployment.

When the deployment is complete on both nodes, you will see the message Oracle

Database Appliance Deployment successful

.

Deploying Oracle Software on Oracle Database Appliance 4-5

Deployment Tasks: An Annotated Check List

Note:

If you encounter deployment problems and need to cleanup and to perform a fresh deployment, then run the following command on Node 0 (from ODA_BASE domain if you are configuring Oracle

Database Appliance Virtualized Platform):

/opt/oracle/oak/onecmd/cleanupDeploy.pl

This command restores the servers to their predeployment state. You can then restart the deployment.

Viewing the Oakcli Deploy Log File

The oakcli deploy command creates a log file with the file name STEP* at

/opt/oracle/oak/onecmd/tmp/.

4-6 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

5

Oracle Database Appliance Postinstallation

Tasks

This chapter describes the following administrative tasks that you must complete after you have deployed the software but before the system is operational:

Changing the Oracle Installation Owner Passwords

Changing the IPMI User Name and Password

Configuring Oracle Auto Service Request

Changing the Oracle Installation Owner Passwords

You must change the default administrative account passwords after installation to secure your system. During deployment, you should have changed the password of the root user. After deployment, change the Oracle Grid Infrastructure installation owner (grid) and Oracle Database installation owner (oracle) default passwords

(welcome1) to passwords that comply with your enterprise user security protocols.

Also, if you created an initial database during deployment, change the default passwords for open database accounts such as the SYS, SYSTEM, DBSNMP users and other roles. The default password for the SYS and SYSTEM users is welcome1.

Note:

The account passwords should be changed on both nodes.

The passwords on both nodes should be the same.

Refer to the Oracle Database Appliance Security Guide, Oracle Database Concepts, and

Oracle Database Security Guide for information about the required configuration and best practices to secure database systems.

Changing the IPMI User Name and Password

Oracle Clusterware supports the Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI), an industry-standard protocol that can isolate a failed node from the rest of the cluster.

IPMI can restart a problematic node without cooperation from either Oracle

Clusterware or from the operating system.

Configuring IPMI is an option when performing a custom deployment of Oracle

Database Appliance. If you completed a custom deployment and configured IPMI, then change the default user name and password using the following procedure:

1.

Log in as the user grid.

Oracle Database Appliance Postinstallation Tasks 5-1

Configuring Oracle Auto Service Request

2.

Enter the command crsctl set css ipmiadmin username. username is the new name for the IPMI administrator account. Provide a new password when prompted. You must enable IPMI v1.5 first. For example:

$ ipmitool -I open sunoem cli "set /SP/services/ipmi v1_5_sessions=enabled"

$ /u01/app/12.1.0.2/grid/bin/crsctl set css ipmiadmin racadm

$ IPMI BMC password:

CRS-4229: The IPMI information change was successful $ ipmitool -I open sunoem cli "set /SP/services/ipmi v1_5_sessions=disabled"

$ IPMI BMC password:

CRS-4229: The IPMI information change was successful

Caution:

Do not change the default passwords until after you have completed software deployment on Oracle Database Appliance. If you change the passwords before deployment completes, then you might encounter configuration errors.

Configuring Oracle Auto Service Request

Oracle Auto Service Request (Oracle ASR) is a secure support feature that automatically generates a service request for specific hardware faults. Oracle ASR can improve system availability through expedited diagnostics and priority service request handling. You can configure Oracle ASR on Oracle Database Appliance to use its own

ASR Manager or use Oracle ASR Manager configured on another server in the same network as your appliance.

To support Oracle ASR, your

Oracle Database Appliance

hardware must be associated with a Support Identifier (SI) in My Oracle Support. For details, see

"Validate ASR Systems in My Oracle Support" in the Oracle Auto Service Request

Installation and Operations Guide.

You can configure Oracle ASR during initial deployment by choosing the Custom configuration option. You can also configure Oracle ASR after deployment (either

Typical or Custom) using the oakcli configure asr command. The command prompts for input and, after you provide all of the required information, completes the

Oracle ASR configuration.

An Oracle ASR configuration requires you to enter your My Oracle Support account user name and password. If a proxy server is required for Internet access to Oracle, then you must also provide the name of the proxy server. You can optionally configure

Oracle ASR to use Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Version 2 or SNMP

Version 3.

To confirm that you have a working Oracle ASR configured, run the oakcli test asr command. Review your Oracle ASR configuration with the oakcli show asr command.

5-2 Oracle Database Appliance Getting Started Guide

Index

Symbols

Numerics

10 GBE SFP+ PCI cards

cabling options, 3-5

10GbE SFP+ (fiber) cards, 3-4

10GbE SFP+ cards, 3-15

A

Automatic Storage Management

See Oracle ASM

B

backup file location

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

basic input/output system

See BIOS

BIOS (basic input/output system)

software inventory, 1-2

C

cabling, 3-1

10 GbE SFP+ PCI cards, 3-5

fiber public networks, 3-4

Oracle Database Appliance model X4-2 and

X3-2, 3-3

Oracle Database Appliance model X5-2, 3-2

checklist

for system requirements, 2-5

tasks to complete after Oracle Database Appliance is delivered, 4-1

tasks to complete before deployment, 2-1

cleaning up deployment, 4-6

Cluster Time Synchronization Service

See CTSS

configuration file, 2-10, 4-2, 4-3

load to configurator, 2-11

configurator

custom configuration, 2-12

data file size, 2-15 data files on flash storage, 2-15 database class, 2-15 database deployment, 2-15 database language, 2-15

database type, 2-14

InfiniBand, 2-12

container database

configurator option, 2-14

cores licensed

change, 1-1

CTSS (Cluster Time Synchronization Service)

default, 2-6 on NTP server, 2-6 custom installation, 2-6

D

data file size

configurator option, 2-15

data files

physical storage, 2-5

data files on flash storage

configurator option, 2-15

database block size

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

language

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

software inventory

binaries, 1-2

template

See template, database

territory

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

database class

configurator option, 2-15

database deployment

configurator option, 2-15

database language

configurator option, 2-15

database templates, 2-4

database type

configurator option, 2-14

deployment plan, 2-10

deployment steps

overview, 1-2

Index-1

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)

configuring initial network, 3-17

connect to Oracle ILOM, 3-16

initial network, 3-17

Oracle ILOM configuration, 3-15

DNS

See domain name system

domain name system

configurator, 2-13

initial network, 3-17

prepare to install, 1-2, 2-5

domain name system server

configure network names, 1-2

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

See DHCP

E

electrical connections

attach power cords, 3-10

electrical power cords

connecting, 3-12

end-user bundle

deployment, 4-2, 4-3

download, 4-2

software inventory, 1-2

F

fiber connections, 3-4

firstnet

configure initial network, 3-16

flash

configurator option, 2-15

H

hardware driver

software inventory, 1-2

I

InfiniBand, 2-12

replacing cards, 3-4, 3-15

InfiniBand interconnect cabling, 3-3

initial network

configure, 3-16

installation owner

grid, 5-1 oracle, 5-1 password, 5-1

instance caging

overview, 1-3

Integrated Lights Out Manager

See Oracle ILOM

interconnect

InfiniBand, 2-12

interconnect cables

attach, 3-1

storage expansion shelf, 3-7

interconnect, changing to fiber, 3-15

Index-2

Internet Protocol address

See IP address

See also public IP address and virtual IP address

IP address (Internet Protocol address)

required, 2-9

See also public IP address and virtual IP address

IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface)

change password, 5-1

K

keyboard

adding, 3-9

L

LED

status when blinking, 3-13, 3-14

status when steady, 3-13, 3-14

licensing

overview, 1-1

Linux

software inventory, 1-2

M

monitor

adding, 3-9

mouse

adding, 3-9

My Oracle Support

hardware SI, 2-1

register, 1-2

N

network address

checklist, 2-6

Network Information Service (NIS)

no SCAN support, 2-7

network time protocol service (NTP service)

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

system requirements, 2-6

network validation

configurator option, 2-15

network, defining public, 3-14

NTP service

See network time protocol service

O

OAKCLI

See Oracle Appliance Manager command-line

interface oakcli commands

configure asr, 5-2

configure firstnet, 3-16, 3-17

deploy, 4-4, 4-5

log file, 4-6

deploy oda_base, 4-3

show asr, 5-2

show env_hw, 4-1

show oda_base, 4-4

show version, 3-17

test asr, 5-2

unpack, 4-2

validate, 3-16, 4-4

See also Oracle Appliance Manager command-line

interface

ODA_BASE

software inventory, 1-2

ODA_BASE template, 4-3

Oracle Appliance Manager

software inventory, 1-2

Oracle Appliance Manager configurator

about, 2-10

automatic network server name and address generation, 2-13

download standalone, 1-2

example, 2-11

network names and addresses, 1-2

network validation errors, 2-10

standalone

download, 2-11

using, 2-10

Oracle Appliance Manager graphical user interfaceSee

Oracle Appliance Manager configurator

Oracle ASM (Oracle Automatic Storage Management)

add storage expansion shelf, 3-6

deployment overview, 1-3

shared repositories, 2-2

Oracle ASR (Oracle Auto Service Request)

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

configuring, 5-2

Oracle Automatic Storage Management

See Oracle ASM

Oracle Cloud File System

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

Oracle Clusterware

deployment overview, 1-3

Oracle Database

See database

Oracle Database Enterprise Edition

configurator option, 2-15

deployment overview, 1-3

overview, 2-3

Oracle Grid Infrastructure

deployment overview, 1-3

software inventory, 1-2

Oracle ILOM (Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager)

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

configure, 3-15

software inventory, 1-2

Oracle Integrated Lights Out Manager

See Oracle ILOM

Oracle RAC (Oracle Real Application Clusters)

configurator option, 2-15

deployment option, 2-3

deployment overview, 1-3

VIP address requirement, 2-9, 2-10

See also Oracle RAC One Node

Oracle RAC One Node

configurator option, 2-15

deployment option, 2-3

deployment overview, 1-3

Oracle Real Application Clusters

See Oracle RAC

P

password

changing, 5-1

patching

deployment overview, 1-3

patch-set bundle

software inventory, 1-2

power cords

connecting, 3-12

public IP address (public Internet Protocol address)

checklist, 2-6

configurator, 2-14

public network connection

fiber, 3-4

public network, defining, 3-14

R

Real Application Clusters

See Oracle RAC

redo log files

physical storage, 2-5

redundancy level disk group

configurator, 2-8, 2-12

root password

configurator entry, 2-13

S

SAP Application

configurator option, 2-12

SCAN (single client access name)

checklist, 2-7

address, 2-6

configurator, 2-13, 2-14

IP address, 2-9, 2-10

network access checklist, 2-6

no NIS support, 2-7

subnet address, 2-6

SI (Support Identifier)

add to profile, 2-1

ASR requirement, 5-2

register, 1-2, 2-1

single client access name

See SCAN

software

license registration, 2-1

SSDs

configurator option, 2-15

storage expansion shelf

adding, 3-6

support identifier

Index-3

See SI

system name

configurator entry, 2-13

system requirements

checklist, 2-5

T

template database

optimized for Oracle Database Appliance, 1-2

select, 2-3

software inventory, 1-2

troubleshooting

network validation, 2-10

turning on Oracle Database Appliance, 3-13

V

validation errors

names and addresses on the DNS, 2-10

virtual IP address (virtual Internet Protocol address)

checklist, 2-6

configurator, 2-13, 2-14

Oracle RAC requirement, 2-9, 2-10

subnet, 2-6

Index-4

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