bishop school k – 5 math facts guide

bishop school k – 5 math facts guide
BISHOP SCHOOL
K–5
MATH FACTS
GUIDE
INTRODUCTION
This math fact guide is an outcome of several math related discussions among the staff.
There is an agreement that the children need to know their math facts to facilitate a deeper
understanding of math concepts. We agree that each grade level has an obligation to
introduce, reinforce, expect mastery, and review skills that are developmentally appropriate
for the children’s level. We also recognize the necessary connection between home and
school. This guide will provide information, strategies, and directions, so that you can help
support our goal of teaching math facts. It is important that we work together to help the
children achieve automaticity of math facts, and we encourage you to support your child’s
learning by working with them at home. This guide will outline some books, web sites you can
access, and suggested activities that you can use to help children practice math facts at home.
Vocabulary used in the guide:
Introduce – first presentation of the concept
Reinforce – strengthen and develop skills, which have been previously introduced
Master – skills are used automatically
Review – skills are practiced to maintain fluency
GRADE LEVEL
RESPONSIBILITIES
The following outline represents the end of the year expected
outcomes for students at each grade level.
Kindergarten
•
•
•
•
Identify, read, and write the numbers 1-25
Count to 100
Introduce addition facts 1-10
Introduce skip counting by 2, 5, 10
Grade One
•
•
•
•
Master addition and subtraction facts 1-10
Introduce addition facts 11-20
Introduce subtraction facts 1-20
Reinforce and expect mastery of skip counting numbers 2, 5, 10
Grade Two
• Master addition facts 1-20
• Master subtraction facts 1-20
• Review skip counting numbers 2, 5, 10
Grade Three
•
•
•
•
•
Review addition facts 1-20
Review subtraction facts 1-20
Introduce and reinforce multiplication facts
Introduce and reinforce division facts
Master multiplication facts 0-12
Grade Four
• Review addition and subtraction facts
• Reinforce, Master, and review multiplication and division facts 012
Grade Five
• Review addition and subtraction facts
• Review multiplication and division facts 0-12
Activities used in classrooms to
practice math facts
• Kindergarten
o Calendar meeting
ƒ Calendar meeting is used for number identification and rote
counting
o Number Line Game
ƒ This game is used to introduce simple addition problems
o Pin the Marker on the Number
ƒ Using the numbers 1-25 the children place a bingo marker on
a number designated by the teacher
o Bingo
ƒ Used for practice in number identification
• Grade 1
o Flashcards and fact sheet practice
o Race to the Top (see directions in the Activities at Home section)
o Compare/Double Compare – played like the card game “War”
o Roll 2 dice and record total on a number grid
o Roll and Record – roll 2 dice, record the algorithm and the total
• Grade 2
o TERC math games:
ƒ 10’s Go Fish – similar to the traditional Go Fish game using
pairs of numbers that equal 10
ƒ Turn Over 10 – similar to the game of Concentration; the
children turn over number cards and collect combinations of
10
o Logic math
ƒ Problem solving using addition and subtraction
o Quilt math
ƒ Computation/math fact worksheet that is self-correcting
with color code and patterns
o Whip around
ƒ Using index cards the children identify addition, subtraction
facts and sums and differences
o Math Bingo
ƒ The traditional game of Bingo using addition and subtraction
facts
o Read It, Draw It, Solve It
ƒ Read a problem, draw a picture, solve using an equation
o Fact Families
ƒ 2, 3, 5 – 2+3 = 5, 3+2 = 5, 5-3 = 2, 5-2 =3
• Grade 3
o Quilt math
ƒ Computation/math fact worksheet that is self-correcting
with color code and patterns
o Timed tests
o Skip counting practice
o Dice Multiplication
o Whip Around
o Multiplication Tic Tac Toe
o TERC math games
o Close to 100
o Math Centers
• Grade 4 – Students are required to practice their facts as part of
their homework 5 to 10 minutes each night, including weekends.
o One, Two, Three, Salute! card game
ƒ See “At Home Activities” for instructions
o Multiplication Bingo
ƒ See “At Home Activities” for instructions
o Timed math fact quiz
ƒ Time appropriate for fourth grade – children
practice/demonstrate mastery of math facts
o Math fact practice log
ƒ Weekly recording of how math facts have been practiced
o Math centers
ƒ Variety of centers to give students hands-on practice with
different math concepts
• Grade 5
o Multiplication Bingo
ƒ See “At Home Activities” for instructions
o Timed math fact quiz
o Time appropriate for fifth grade – children practice/demonstrate
mastery of math facts
o Math fact practice log
ƒ Weekly recording of how math facts have been practiced
o Math centers
ƒ (Variety of centers to give students hands-on practice with
different math concepts)
o Math Mates
o Math War
o Flashcards
o Dice games
ACTIVITIES TO USE AT
HOME TO PRACTICE MATH
FACTS
• We encourage consistent communication from the grade levels about
math facts work
• Review work from school
• Review math log (if your child’s grade uses one) and provide signature
• Flash cards
o Kindergarten - #1-25 – Have children identify and read the
numbers
o Grade 1 & 2 – Use 3X5 index cards cut in half. Write addition
and subtraction facts on one half and answer on the other half
of cards. Place face down in two piles. Each player turns two
cards and the goal is to match problem and answer.
o Grade 3 – Create flash cards for facts being taught in class.
Write the problem on one side, and the answer on the opposite
side. Practice the facts with your child and place them in two
piles, one pile they know and the other pile they need to
continue to practice for understanding.
o Grade 4 & 5- Use flash cards with the problem on the front
and answer on the back. If your child can answer the problem in
3 seconds or less the fact is mastered. If not, retain for
continued practice. (Ask your child’s teacher for more
information.)
o Grade 5 – Blank timed tests will be sent home for practice upon
request.
• Web sites
o Grades K-5 – Use the sites designated for your child’s grade.
• Mental math
o Grade K-5 - Verbally review math facts at opportune times
such as driving in the car, shopping, etc.
• Games
o Kindergarten – Play the traditional ‘Go Fish’ game to identify
numbers
o Kindergarten – Roll & Play – Roll 2 dice and have the children
identify the numbers. Then decide what number is greater –
children can add the dice together
o Kindergarten – Compare and Double Compare – TERC math game
(Directions and playing cards will be provided by the teacher
upon request)
o Grade 1 – Race to the Top – Use game board provided by
teachers. Roll 2 dice and add the numbers together. Record
the fact in the correct box or color. The player who reaches
the top first, wins.
o Grade 2 – Tens Go Fish. Turn Over Ten – TERC math games
taught in class. (Directions and playing cards will be provided by
the teacher upon request)
o Grade 3 – Practice math concepts using TERC math games.
(Directions and playing cards will be provided by the teacher.)
o Grade 4 – One, Two, Three Salute! – Use a deck of playing
cards. Split deck into 2 piles. Players 1 and 2 each take a pile.
Player 3 sits between the other players and says “1,2,3 Salute!”
Players 1 and 2 place top card from pile on their forehead for
opponent to see. Player 3 adds or multiplies the two numbers on
the cards together and says only the sum or product out loud.
The first player who can identify the card on their forehead
wins the pair of cards. Play continues until there are no more
cards to deal. Challenge: Use face cards for higher numbers
such as 11, 12, 13.
o Grade 4 – Multiplication Bingo. Make a 4 x 4 Bingo card and use
flash cards. Write the 16 numbers between 1-144 in the Bingo
grid. The game leader reads a multiplication fact from a flash
card. The children put an ‘x’ on the product (answer) if it
appears on the board. Continue reading flash cards and
checking off numbers until someone completes a row, column,
diagonal, or the whole chart and they call “Bingo!”
o Grade 5 – Fact War – use playing cards, ACE (1) to 10. Divide
the deck in half for 2 players. Players simultaneously flip one
card face up and shout out the correct answer for the two
cards multiplied together. Winner collects the 2 cards and the
player with the most cards at the end wins. Modify for addition
and subtraction, as well.
• Recommended Books
o Kindergarten – Mouse Count, Anno’s Counting Book
o Grade 4 – Alexander, Who Used to Be Rich Last Sunday, Math
Curse, The Hershey’s Multiplication Book, Two of Everything,
The Best of Times, One Hundred Hungry Ants
• Recommended Board Games
o Kindergarten – Chutes and Ladders, Trouble, Sorry, Number
Bingo
WEB SITES
ƒ http://www.funbrain.com
o Grade 3 – Go to Math Arcade and follow on-screen directions
o Grade 4 - This website contains hundreds of games for
students to play and reinforce academic skills. The
variety of games targets the learning styles of multiple
intelligences including verbal-linguistic, naturalistic,
musical, logical-mathematic, and kinesthetic (sign
language). The games can be selected by grade level,
title, subject area, or descriptions of targeted skills.
Great math fact games include: Math Baseball: the
player chooses an operation (addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division), as well as a difficulty level
(easy, medium, hard, or super brain) to practice facts:
MathCar Racing: the player chooses an operation
(addition-easy, subtraction-easy, multiplication-medium,
division-medium, or all-hard), the player wins points by
answering questions correctly: Math Soccer Shootout:
the player chooses an operation, as well as, whole
numbers or fractions, then answers questions: Math
Arcade: (This is one of our students FAVORITES!) the
player selects the appropriate grade level (1-8), and
works their way through the games; some of the games
include: Creepy Crawlies, Mummy Hunt, Bubble Numbers,
Pig Toss, Ball Hogs
ƒ http://multiplication.com
o Grade 3 – Many good activities, one example is “Quick Flash” –
choose the times table you want to work on and type in the
answer before time runs out
ƒ http://www.mrnussbaumgames.com/fries/
ƒ http://www.carstensstudios.com/mathdoodles/numberjump.html
ƒ http://www.carstensstudios.com/mathdoodles/sumsstacher.html
ƒ http://www.emgames.com/demosite/activities/M2A075/play.html
ƒ http://www.thatquiz.com/tq/practice.html?idfraction
ƒ http://pbskids.org/cyberchase/games/equivalentfractions/index.h
tml
ƒ http://www.gaston.k12.nc.us/schools/cherryvilleelem/zero_the_he
ro.htm
ƒ http://www.Aplusmath.com
ƒ http://www.edu4kids.com
ƒ http://www.factmonster.com
ƒ http://www.mathfactcafe.com
ƒ http://www.pitara.com
ƒ http://bright-productions.com/kinderweb/index.html
o Kindergarten – Click on “The Numbers Game”, children will
need adult assistance for this game to read the directions,
practice in number identification
ƒ http://www.sesameworkshop.org/sesamestreet/
o Kindergarten - On the left is a green street post, click on the
“games” link, choose the “1,2,3” link for various math
activities or choose the “Dot-to-Dot” link for number
sequence and number identification
ƒ http://home.indy.rr.com/lrobinson/mathfacts/mathfacts.html
o Grade 2 – Click on the Fun Math Links on the bottom of the
page; Addition/Subtraction, sums 10-18
ƒ http://www.aplusmath.com/games/index/html
o Grade 2 – Math Bingo, Concentration, Hidden Picture
o Grade 4
ƒ Games include: MATHO (like bingo), Concentration
(similar to memory), Hidden Picture, Planet Blaster
ƒ For each game, the players can choose an operation to
practice including addition, multiplication, subtraction,
or division.
ƒ http://mathplayground.com/
o Grade 4 - This website contains great games for
practicing math facts, word problems, and logic games.
Great math fact games include: Balloon Invaders: the
player selects an operation – multiplication or division,
and a set of facts they would like to practice: Calculator
Chaos: the player is shown a calculator that is missing
buttons and list of eight numbers that can be made using
only the remaining buttons - it is a challenging practice of
addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division: Math
Olympics: the player answers a variety of math questions
and selects one of four possible answers (it is
recommended for grades four and above): Speedy Sums
and Subtract It!: the player is shown a target number,
and a grid of 60 number cards, the player clicks on the
number cards and uses addition or subtraction to reach
the target number, it is a timed game so players need to
know their facts fluently: Hoops: a word problem game
ƒ http://www.oswego.org/ocsdweb/games/fractionflags/fractionflags.html
o Grade 4 - This activity allows students to be creative and
to learn at the same time. Using halves and quarters,
players are instructed to create a flag using fractional
parts of the specified colors. This game is perfect for
students of any age level to reinforce or develop their
knowledge of fractions.
ƒ http://www.oswego.org/ocsdweb/games/Mathmagician/cathymath.html
ƒ http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/numbertime
o All Grade Levels - This website provides students with an
opportunity to practice their addition, subtraction,
multiplication, and division facts from 0 to 10. A player can
choose to either practice a specific operation or play a game
of “Math Magic.” If a player chooses to practice a specific
operation, he or she selects that operation and practices
adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing by a certain
number. If a player chooses to play “Math Magic,” he or she
selects an operation to practice. A “challenge” will appear in a
box (i.e. answer 50 questions in 2 ½ minutes). The player
begins and when the round is over, his or her score appears
on the screen. This includes the percentage of problems
o
o
o
o
answered correctly and the time it took to answer all the
questions. For both activities, the player can print out a
reward certificate showing his or her score.
http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/thats_a_fact/englis
h_K_3.html
This site, which is sponsored by Harcourt School
Publishing, gives you an opportunity to practice your math
facts
and
time
yourself.
http://www.mathmastery.com/cyberchallenge/ Math Master
Cyber
Challenge
allows
you
to
practice
addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division facts.
http://www.oswego.org/ocsdweb/games/SpeedGrid/Multiplication/urikamultires.html
Speed Grid Challenge is a one-player multiplication game
against
the
clock.
http://www.factmonster.com/math/flashcards.html Practice
addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division flashcards at
Fact
Monster.
http://resources.oswego.org/games/mathmagician/cathymath
.html Math Magician Games give students an opportunity to
practice addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
facts.
http://www.aplusmath.com/games/matho/DivMatho.html
Division MATHO is a great game to practice division facts.
http://www.missmaggie.org/scholastic/dilemma_eng_launcher
.html Dude's Dilemma is a Scholastic game. Help rescue
Maggie's dog, Dude, who is trapped on a rooftop! You can
rescue him by answering a few math questions. Pick addition,
subtraction, multiplication, division or a mix of all four. Then
pick a level (Easy, Hard, or Extreme). Each question you
answer correctly will get you closer to rescuing Dude. You can
also play this game in Spanish.
http://www.missmaggie.org/scholastic/roundtheworld_eng_la
uncher.html Around the World in 80 Seconds is another
Scholastic game. Help Maggie fly around the world. Pick
addition, subtraction, multiplication, division or a mix of all
four. Then pick a level (Level 1: Easier and Level 2: Harder).
Each question answered correctly gets Maggie to her next
stop. However you only have 80 seconds to get her around the
world! You can also play this game in Spanish.
* All of the web sites listed above were working sites at the time of writing
this document. Please notify your child’s teacher and/or the principal of
any sites that you may find are no longer viable resources.
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