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Curling Lingo!
TERM
DEFINITION
Alternate
A registered, non-playing member of the team who is eligible to
substitute for one of the competing players.
Away End
The end of the sheet to which the first stone of a game is delivered.
Back Board /
Bumper
Material (e.g. foam or wood) placed at the end (perimeter) of each sheet
of ice.
Back House
Weight
The speed given to a stone at delivery so that it will just reach the back of
the house.
Back Line
A line at the back of the house, extending across the width of the sheet,
which is parallel to and located 1.829 m. (6 ft.) from each tee line.
Back of the House The area within the house that lies between the tee line and the back line.
Biter
A stone that just touches the outer edge of the outside circle of the house.
Blank End
An end resulting in no score for either team.
Bonspiel
A curling competition or tournament.
Brush (Broom)
A device used by players to sweep/clean the ice in front of a moving
stone.
Button
The small circle at the centre of the house.
Burned Stone
A stone in motion touched by a player or any part of a players equipment.
Centre Line
The line dividing the playing surface down the middle. It joins the
midpoints of the tee lines and extends 3.658 m. (12 ft.) beyond the centre
of each tee line.
Circles
See definition: House.
Competition
Any number of teams playing games to determine a winner.
Come Around
A shot that curls behind another stone.
Counter
Any stone in or touching the house and is considered a potential point.
Courtesy Line
A line indicating where the sweepers from the non-delivering team are
allowed to stand in order to ensure that an umpire can view the hog line
and to prevent distraction of a delivering player.
Curl
The curved path of a stone as it travels down the sheet of ice.
Delivering End
The end of the sheet from which the stones are being delivered.
Delivering Team
The team that is currently in control of the playing area, and scheduled to
deliver the next stone.
Delivery
The motion a player makes when playing a curling stone.
Delivery Stick
A device which attaches to the handle of the stone and acts as an
extension of the arm/hand during the delivery process.
Displaced Stone
A stationary stone that has been moved to a new location.
Divider
Material (e.g. foam or wood) used to separate the sheets of curling ice.
Double Takeout
A stone that removes two of the opponents stones from play.
Draw
A stone which stops inside or in front of the house.
Draw Raise
A stone that bumps another stone into the house.
Draw Shot
Challenge (DSC)
The calculation made by taking the average distance of the Last Stone
Draws (LSD), excluding the least favourable LSD, and used, if required,
to assist in the determination of ranking after a round robin.
Draw Weight
The momentum required for a delivered stone to reach the house at the
playing end.
Electronic Hog
Line Device
A device that indicated if a stone was released by a player before the
stone reached the hog line at the delivering end.
End
A portion of a curling game that is completed when each team has thrown
eight stones and/or the score has been decided.
Equipment
Anything that is worn or carried by a player.
Extra End
An additional end played to break a tie at the end of regulation play.
External Force
An occurrence not caused by either team.
First Player
The first curler on a team to deliver two stones in each end.
Fourth Player
The fourth curler on a team to deliver two stones in each end.
Free Guard Zone
(FGZ)
The area at the playing end, between the hog line and the tee line, but
excluding the house.
Freeze
A form of a draw shot that stops directly up against another stone.
Front House
Weight
The momentum required for a delivered stone to reach the front part of
the house at the playing end.
Game
Two teams playing a specified number of ends to determine a winner.
Guard
A stone that is placed in a position so that it may protect another stone.
Hack
The foot-hold at each end of the ice which is used by a player to start the
delivery of a curling stone.
Hack Line
A small line 0.457 m. (1 ft. 6 in.) parallel to the tee line, at each end of the
centre line.
Hack Weight
The momentum required for a delivered stone to reach the hack at the
playing end.
Handle
The part of a curling stone that a player grips in order to deliver.
Hammer
A term used to describe the stone which will be the last stone delivered in
that end.
Heavy
A stone delivered with a greater speed than necessary.
Hit
A take-out. Removal of a stone from the playing area by hitting it with
another stone.
Hit and Roll
A stone that knocks an opponent's stone out of play, and then rolls to
another position in play.
Hog Line
A line extending across the width of the sheet that is parallel to and
located 6.40 m. (21 ft.) from each tee line.
Hog Line Violation
A stone that is removed from play for the end, because it was not released
before it reached the hog line at the delivering end.
Hogged Stone
A stone that is removed from play for the end, because after being
delivered, it did not come to rest completely beyond the inside edge of the
hog line at the playing end.
Home End
The end of the sheet from which the first stone of a game is delivered.
House
The area within the concentric circles at each end of the sheet.
Hurry
A command which instructs players to sweep harder.
Ice Surface
The complete ice area that is within the perimeters of the curling sheet.
In the Process of
Delivery
The sequence of play that begins when the delivering player is positioned
in the hack and concludes when the stone is released.
In-turn
The rotation applied to the handle of a stone by a right handed curler
which causes the stone to rotate in a clockwise manner.
Last Stone Draw
(LSD)
A contest conducted at the conclusion of a teams pre-game practice in
which each team delivers a single stone to the tee at the home end. The
resulting distance is measured and used to determine which team has the
choice of delivering the first or second stone in the first end.
Lead
The first player on a team to deliver two stones in each end.
Mathematically
Eliminated
The status of a team that has a combined total of stones left to be
delivered and/or remaining in play that is less than the number needed to
produce either a tie or a win.
Measuring Device
An instrument that determines which stone is closer to the centre of the
house (Tee), or whether a stone is in the house.
Moving Stone
A stone in motion either from a delivery or from being struck by another
stone.
Original Position
of a Stone
The location on the ice where a stone rested prior to its being displaced.
Out-of-play
Position
The location of a stone that is not in play (e.g. one which has touched a
side line, or crossed the back line).
Out-turn
The rotation applied to the handle of a stone by a right handed curler
which causes the stone to rotate in a counter-clockwise manner.
Pebble
The water droplets applied to a sheet of ice before commencing play.
These droplets freeze, which then reduces the friction between the ice and
the stones.
Peel
A shot designed to remove a guard.
Playing End
The end of the sheet to which the stones are being delivered.
Point
At the completion of an end, one is awarded to a team for each of its own
stones located in or touching the house that is closer to the tee than any
stone of the opposition.
Port
An opening, or gap, between stones.
Positioned Stones
In Mixed Doubles games, the two stones that are placed in designated
positions prior to the start of each end.
Raise
A type of draw which bumps forward another stone.
Raise Takeout
A delivered stone hits a stationary stone, which then starts to move and it
hits a third stone out of play.
Rings
See definition: House.
Rock
See definition: Stone.
Roll
The sideways movement of a curling stone after it has struck a stationary
stone.
Round Robin
A competition in which each team plays all the other teams.
Score
The number of points received by a team in an end.
Scoring
A team scores one point for each of its stones that is within the house and
closer to the tee than any stone of the opposing team.
Second Player
The second curler on a team to deliver two stones in each end.
Sheet
The specific ice surface upon which a curling game is played.
Shot (stone or
rock)
At any time during an end, the stone closest to the tee.
Side Line
A line placed at the side (perimeter) of each sheet of ice.
Skip
The player who directs play for the team.
Slider
Slippery material placed on the sole of the sliding shoe, which makes it
easier to slide on the ice.
Spare
See definition: Alternate.
Stationary Stone
A stone in play which is not in motion.
Stone
Also known as a rock, a curling stone is made of granite and is delivered
by the players in a curling game.
Stone Set in
Motion
A stationary stone hit by another stone which causes it to move.
Sweeping
The action of moving a broom or brush back and forth in front of the path
of a moving stone to clean or polish the ice surface.
Swingy Ice
The condition of the ice or stones causing the stones to have excessive
curl.
Takeout
Removal of a stone from the playing area by hitting it with another stone.
Team
Four players competing together. A team may include a fifth player (to
act as an alternate) and a coach. Mixed Doubles have one male and one
female player, and may include a coach.
Tee
The exact centre of the house.
Tee Line
A line extending across the width of the sheet that passes through the
centre of the house parallel to the hog line and backline.
Third Player
The third curler on a team to deliver two stones in each end.
Time-Out
Stoppage of play called by a team or umpire.
Top of the House
The area within the house that lies between the hog line and the tee line.
Umpire
The person(s) responsible for the conduct of the game in accordance with
the rules.
Vice-Skip (Mate or The player who directs play for the team when it is the Skip's turn to
Acting Skip)
deliver,
Weight
The amount of force/speed given to the stone during the delivery.
Wheelchair Lines
Two lines that run from the hog line to the outermost edge of the nearest
circle of the house. Wheelchair curlers are allowed to start their delivery
with the stone placed between these lines.
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