Lenovo SL300 User's Manual

Lenovo SL300 User's Manual
ThinkPad SL300
Hardware Maintenance Manual
ThinkPad SL300
Hardware Maintenance Manual
Note
Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general information under “Notices” on page
143.
Forth Edition (March 2009)
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009. All rights reserved.
LENOVO products, data, computer software, and services have been developed exclusively at private expense and
are sold to governmental entities as commercial items as defined by 48 C.F.R. 2.101 with limited and restricted
rights to use, reproduction and disclosure.
LIMITED AND RESTRICTED RIGHTS NOTICE: If products, data, computer software, or services are delivered
pursuant a General Services Administration ″GSA″ contract, use, reproduction, or disclosure is subject to restrictions
set forth in Contract No. GS-35F-05925.
© 2008, 2009 Lenovo
Contents
About this manual . . . . . . . . . . v
Safety information . . . . . . . . . . 1
General safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Electrical safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Safety inspection guide . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Handling devices that are sensitive to electrostatic
discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Grounding requirements . . . . . . . . . . 6
Safety notices: multilingual translations . . . . . 7
Laser compliance statement . . . . . . . . . 14
Important service information . . . . . 17
Strategy for replacing FRUs . . . . . . . .
Strategy for replacing a hard disk drive . . .
Important notice for replacing a system board .
How to use error message . . . . . . .
Strategy for replacing FRUs for CTO, CMV, and
GAV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Product definition . . . . . . . . . .
FRU identification for CTO, CMV, and GAV
products . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important information about replacing RoHS
compliant FRUs . . . . . . . . . . . .
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General checkout . . . . . . . . . . 23
What to do first . . . . . . . . .
Checkout guide . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostics using PC-Doctor for DOS
PC-Doctor for Windows . . . . .
PC-Doctor for Rescue and Recovery .
Power system checkout . . . . . .
Checking the AC adapter . . . . .
Checking operational charging . . .
Checking the battery pack . . . .
Checking the backup battery . . .
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Related service information . . . . . . 33
Restoring the factory contents by using Product
Recovery discs . . . . . . . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-on password . . . . . . . .
Hard-disk password . . . . . . . .
Supervisor password . . . . . . . .
How to remove the power-on password . .
How to remove the hard-disk password . .
Power management . . . . . . . . .
Screen blank mode . . . . . . . . .
Standby mode . . . . . . . . . .
Hibernation mode . . . . . . . . .
Symptom-to-FRU index . . . . . . . .
Numeric error codes . . . . . . . .
Error messages . . . . . . . . . .
Beep symptoms . . . . . . . . . .
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No-beep symptoms . .
LCD-related symptoms
Intermittent problems .
Undetermined problems
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ThinkPad SL300 . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . .
FRU tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fn key combinations . . . . . . . . . .
FRU replacement notices . . . . . . . . .
Screw notices . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retaining serial numbers . . . . . . . .
Removing and replacing a FRU . . . . . . .
1010 Battery pack . . . . . . . . . .
1020 Optical drive . . . . . . . . . .
1030 Hard disk drive (HDD) cover and HDD .
1040 DIMM slot cover . . . . . . . . .
1050 DIMM . . . . . . . . . . . .
1060 PCI Express Mini Card for wireless WAN
1070 Intel Turbo Memory Minicard . . . .
1080 Thermal door . . . . . . . . . .
1090 Fan assembly . . . . . . . . . .
1100 CPU thermal module . . . . . . .
1110 CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1120 Palm rest . . . . . . . . . . .
1130 Bluetooth daughter card (BDC) . . . .
1140 PCI Express Mini Card for wireless
LAN/WiMAX . . . . . . . . . . .
1150 Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . .
1160 Backup battery . . . . . . . . .
1170 Top case sub assembly . . . . . . .
1180 Magnesium frame assembly . . . . .
1190 I/O board . . . . . . . . . . .
1200 LCD unit . . . . . . . . . . .
1210 System board . . . . . . . . . .
1220 Small board . . . . . . . . . .
1230 Base cover . . . . . . . . . .
2010 LCD front bezel . . . . . . . . .
2020 Integrated camera . . . . . . . .
2030 LCD panel . . . . . . . . . .
2040 Antenna assembly, LCD cable, camera
cable, and hinges . . . . . . . . . .
Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front view . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bottom view . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts list . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overall . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LCD FRUs . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous parts . . . . . . . . .
AC adapters . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power cords . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovery discs . . . . . . . . . . .
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iii
Common service tools
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Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
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ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
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About this manual
This manual contains service and reference information for the following
ThinkPad® products.
ThinkPad SL300
MT 2738
Use this manual along with the advanced diagnostic tests to troubleshoot
problems.
The manual is divided into sections as follows:
v The common sections provide general information, guidelines, and safety
information required in servicing computers.
v The product-specific section includes service, reference, and product-specific
parts information.
Important:
This manual is intended only for trained servicers who are familiar with
ThinkPad products. Use this manual along with the advanced diagnostic tests to
troubleshoot problems effectively.
Before servicing a ThinkPad product, be sure to read all the information under
“Safety information” on page 1 and “Important service information” on page 17.
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009
v
vi
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Safety information
This chapter presents following safety information that you need to be familiar
with before you service a ThinkPad computer.
v “General safety” on page 2
v “Electrical safety” on page 3
v “Safety inspection guide” on page 5
v “Handling devices that are sensitive to electrostatic discharge” on page 6
v “Grounding requirements” on page 6
v “Safety notices: multilingual translations” on page 7
v “Laser compliance statement” on page 14
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009
1
General safety
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
v Observe good housekeeping in the area of the machines during and after
maintenance.
v When lifting any heavy object:
1. Make sure that you can stand safely without slipping.
2. Distribute the weight of the object equally between your feet.
3. Use a slow lifting force. Never move suddenly or twist when you attempt to
lift.
4. Lift by standing or by pushing up with your leg muscles; this action removes
the strain from the muscles in your back. Do not attempt to lift any object that
weighs more than 16 kg (35 lb) or that you think is too heavy for you.
v Do not perform any action that causes hazards to the customer, or that makes
the equipment unsafe.
v Before you start the machine, make sure that other service representatives and
the customer’s personnel are not in a hazardous position.
v Place removed covers and other parts in a safe place, away from all personnel,
while you are servicing the machine.
v Keep your toolcase away from walk areas so that other people will not trip over
it.
v Do not wear loose clothing that can be trapped in the moving parts of a
machine. Make sure that your sleeves are fastened or rolled up above your
elbows. If your hair is long, fasten it.
v Insert the ends of your necktie or scarf inside clothing or fasten it with a
nonconductive clip, about 8 centimeters (3 inches) from the end.
v Do not wear jewelry, chains, metal-frame eyeglasses, or metal fasteners for your
clothing.
Attention: Metal objects are good electrical conductors.
v Wear safety glasses when you are hammering, drilling, soldering, cutting wire,
attaching springs, using solvents, or working in any other conditions that might
be hazardous to your eyes.
v After service, reinstall all safety shields, guards, labels, and ground wires.
Replace any safety device that is worn or defective.
v Reinstall all covers correctly before returning the machine to the customer.
v Fan louvers on the machine help to prevent overheating of internal components.
Do not obstruct fan louvers or cover them with labels or stickers.
2
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Electrical safety
Observe the following rules when working on electrical equipment.
Important:
Use only approved tools and test equipment. Some hand tools have handles
covered with a soft material that does not insulate you when working with live
electrical currents.
Many customers have, near their equipment, rubber floor mats that contain small
conductive fibers to decrease electrostatic discharges. Do not use this type of mat
to protect yourself from electrical shock.
v Find the room emergency power-off (EPO) switch, disconnecting switch, or
electrical outlet. If an electrical accident occurs, you can then operate the switch
or unplug the power cord quickly.
v Do not work alone under hazardous conditions or near equipment that has
hazardous voltages.
v Disconnect all power before:
– Performing a mechanical inspection
– Working near power supplies
– Removing or installing main units
v Before you start to work on the machine, unplug the power cord. If you cannot
unplug it, ask the customer to power-off the wall box that supplies power to the
machine, and to lock the wall box in the off position.
v If you need to work on a machine that has exposed electrical circuits, observe the
following precautions:
– Ensure that another person, familiar with the power-off controls, is near you.
Attention: Another person must be there to switch off the power, if
necessary.
– Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment;
keep the other hand in your pocket or behind your back.
Attention: An electrical shock can occur only when there is a complete
circuit. By observing the above rule, you may prevent a current from passing
through your body.
– When using testers, set the controls correctly and use the approved probe
leads and accessories for that tester.
– Stand on suitable rubber mats (obtained locally, if necessary) to insulate you
from grounds such as metal floor strips and machine frames.
v
v
v
v
Observe the special safety precautions when you work with very high voltages;
Instructions for these precautions are in the safety sections of maintenance
information. Use extreme care when measuring high voltages.
Regularly inspect and maintain your electrical hand tools for safe operational
condition.
Do not use worn or broken tools and testers.
Never assume that power has been disconnected from a circuit. First, check that it
has been powered off.
Always look carefully for possible hazards in your work area. Examples of these
hazards are moist floors, nongrounded power extension cables, power surges,
and missing safety grounds.
Safety information
3
v Do not touch live electrical circuits with the reflective surface of a plastic dental
mirror. The surface is conductive; such touching can cause personal injury and
machine damage.
v Do not service the following parts with the power on when they are removed
from their normal operating places in a machine:
– Power supply units
– Pumps
– Blowers and fans
– Motor generators
and similar units. (This practice ensures correct grounding of the units.)
v If an electrical accident occurs:
– Use caution; do not become a victim yourself.
– Switch off power.
– Send another person to get medical aid.
4
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Safety inspection guide
The purpose of this inspection guide is to assist you in identifying potentially
unsafe conditions. As each machine was designed and built, required safety items
were installed to protect users and service personnel from injury. This guide
addresses only those items. You should use good judgment to identify potential
safety hazards due to attachment of non-ThinkPad features or options not covered
by this inspection guide.
If any unsafe conditions are present, you must determine how serious the apparent
hazard could be and whether you can continue without first correcting the
problem.
Consider these conditions and the safety hazards they present:
v Electrical hazards, especially primary power (primary voltage on the frame can
cause serious or fatal electrical shock)
v Explosive hazards, such as a damaged CRT face or a bulging capacitor
v Mechanical hazards, such as loose or missing hardware
To determine whether there are any potentially unsafe conditions, use the
following checklist at the beginning of every service task. Begin the checks with
the power off, and the power cord disconnected.
Checklist:
1. Check exterior covers for damage (loose, broken, or sharp edges).
2. Power off the computer. Disconnect the power cord.
3. Check the power cord for:
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
a. A third-wire ground connector in good condition. Use a meter to measure
third-wire ground continuity for 0.1 ohm or less between the external
ground pin and the frame ground.
b. The power cord should be the type specified in the parts list.
c. Insulation must not be frayed or worn.
Check for cracked or bulging batteries.
Remove the cover.
Check for any obvious non-ThinkPad alterations. Use good judgment as to the
safety of any non-ThinkPad alterations.
Check inside the unit for any obvious unsafe conditions, such as metal filings,
contamination, water or other liquids, or signs of fire or smoke damage.
Check for worn, frayed, or pinched cables.
Check that the power-supply cover fasteners (screws or rivets) have not been
removed or tampered with.
Safety information
5
Handling devices that are sensitive to electrostatic discharge
Any computer part containing transistors or integrated circuits (ICs) should be
considered sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD.) ESD damage can occur when
there is a difference in charge between objects. Protect against ESD damage by
equalizing the charge so that the machine, the part, the work mat, and the person
handling the part are all at the same charge.
Notes:
1. Use product-specific ESD procedures when they exceed the requirements
noted here.
2. Make sure that the ESD protective devices you use have been certified (ISO
9000) as fully effective.
When handling ESD-sensitive parts:
v Keep the parts in protective packages until they are inserted into the product.
v Avoid contact with other people.
v Wear a grounded wrist strap against your skin to eliminate static on your body.
v Prevent the part from touching your clothing. Most clothing is insulative and
retains a charge even when you are wearing a wrist strap.
v Use the black side of a grounded work mat to provide a static-free work surface.
The mat is especially useful when handling ESD-sensitive devices.
v Select a grounding system, such as those listed below, to provide protection that
meets the specific service requirement.
Note:
The use of a grounding system to guard against ESD damage is desirable but not
necessary.
– Attach the ESD ground clip to any frame ground, ground braid, or green-wire
ground.
– When working on a double-insulated or battery-operated system, use an ESD
common ground or reference point. You can use coax or connector-outside
shells on these systems.
– Use the round ground prong of the ac plug on ac-operated computers.
Grounding requirements
Electrical grounding of the computer is required for operator safety and correct
system function. Proper grounding of the electrical outlet can be verified by a
certified electrician.
6
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Safety notices: multilingual translations
The safety notices in this section are provided in English, French, German, Hebrew,
Italian, Japanese, and Spanish.
Safety notice 1
Before the computer is powered on after FRU replacement, make sure all screws,
springs, and other small parts are in place and are not left loose inside the
computer. Verify this by shaking the computer and listening for rattling sounds.
Metallic parts or metal flakes can cause electrical shorts.
Avant de remettre l’ordinateur sous tension après remplacement d’une unité en
clientèle, vérifiez que tous les ressorts, vis et autres pièces sont bien en place et
bien fixées. Pour ce faire, secouez l’unité et assurez-vous qu’aucun bruit suspect
ne se produit. Des pièces métalliques ou des copeaux de métal pourraient causer
un court-circuit.
Bevor nach einem FRU-Austausch der Computer wieder angeschlossen wird,
muß sichergestellt werden, daß keine Schrauben, Federn oder andere Kleinteile
fehlen oder im Gehäuse vergessen wurden. Der Computer muß geschüttelt und
auf Klappergeräusche geprüft werden. Metallteile oder-splitter können
Kurzschlüsse erzeugen.
Prima di accendere l’elaboratore dopo che é stata effettuata la sostituzione di una FRU,
accertarsi che tutte le viti, le molle e tutte le altri parti di piccole dimensioni siano nella
corretta posizione e non siano sparse all’interno dell’elaboratore. Verificare ciò scuotendo
l’elaboratore e prestando attenzione ad eventuali rumori; eventuali parti o pezzetti
metallici possono provocare cortocircuiti pericolosi.
Antes de encender el sistema despues de sustituir una FRU, compruebe que todos los
tornillos, muelles y demás piezas pequeñas se encuentran en su sitio y no se encuentran
sueltas dentro del sistema. Compruébelo agitando el sistema y escuchando los posibles
ruidos que provocarían. Las piezas metálicas pueden causar cortocircuitos eléctricos.
Safety information
7
Safety notice 2
DANGER
Some standby batteries contain a small amount of nickel and cadmium. Do not
disassemble a standby battery, recharge it, throw it into fire or water, or short-circuit it.
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations. Use only the
battery in the appropriate parts listing. Use of an incorrect battery can result in
ignition or explosion of the battery.
Certaines batteries de secours contiennent du nickel et du cadmium. Ne les démontez
pas, ne les rechargez pas, ne les exposez ni au feu ni à l’eau. Ne les mettez pas en
court-circuit. Pour les mettre au rebut, conformez-vous à la réglementation en vigueur.
Lorsque vous remplacez la pile de sauvegarde ou celle de l’horloge temps réel, veillez
à n’utiliser que les modèles cités dans la liste de pièces détachées adéquate. Une
batterie ou une pile inappropriée risque de prendre feu ou d’exploser.
Die Bereitschaftsbatterie, die sich unter dem Diskettenlaufwerk befindet, kann
geringe Mengen Nickel und Cadmium enthalten. Sie darf nur durch die Verkaufsstelle
oder den IBM Kundendienst ausgetauscht werden. Sie darf nicht zerlegt,
wiederaufgeladen, kurzgeschlossen, oder Feuer oder Wasser ausgesetzt werden. Die
Batterie kann schwere Verbrennungen oder Verätzungen verursachen. Bei der
Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Beim Ersetzen der
Bereitschafts-oder Systembatterie nur Batterien des Typs verwenden, der in der
Ersatzteilliste aufgeführt ist. Der Einsatz falscher Batterien kann zu Entzündung oder
Explosion führen.
Alcune batterie di riserva contengono una piccola quantità di nichel e cadmio. Non
smontarle, ricaricarle, gettarle nel fuoco o nell’acqua né cortocircuitarle. Smaltirle
secondo la normativa in vigore (DPR 915/82, successive disposizioni e disposizioni
locali). Quando si sostituisce la batteria dell’RTC (real time clock) o la batteria di
supporto, utilizzare soltanto i tipi inseriti nell’appropriato Catalogo parti. L’impiego di
una batteria non adatta potrebbe determinare l’incendio o l’esplosione della batteria
stessa.
Algunas baterías de reserva contienen una pequeña cantidad de níquel y cadmio. No
las desmonte, ni recargue, ni las eche al fuego o al agua ni las cortocircuite.
Deséchelas tal como dispone la normativa local. Utilice sólo baterías que se
encuentren en la lista de piezas. La utilización de una batería no apropiada puede
provocar la ignición o explosión de la misma.
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ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Safety notice 3
DANGER
The battery pack contains small amounts of nickel. Do not disassemble it, throw it
into fire or water, or short-circuit it. Dispose of the battery pack as required by local
ordinances or regulations. Use only the battery in the appropriate parts listing when
replacing the battery pack. Use of an incorrect battery can result in ignition or
explosion of the battery.
La batterie contient du nickel. Ne la démontez pas, ne l’exposez ni au feu ni à l’eau.
Ne la mettez pas en court-circuit. Pour la mettre au rebut, conformez-vous à la
réglementation en vigueur. Lorsque vous remplacez la batterie, veillez à n’utiliser que
les modèles cités dans la liste de pièces détachées adéquate. En effet, une batterie
inappropriée risque de prendre feu ou d’exploser.
Akkus enthalten geringe Mengen von Nickel. Sie dürfen nicht zerlegt,
wiederaufgeladen, kurzgeschlossen, oder Feuer oder Wasser ausgesetzt werden. Bei
der Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Beim Ersetzen
der Batterie nur Batterien des Typs verwenden, der in der Ersatzteilliste aufgeführt ist.
Der Einsatz falscher Batterien kann zu Entzündung oder Explosion führen.
La batteria contiene piccole quantità di nichel. Non smontarla, gettarla nel fuoco o
nell’acqua né cortocircuitarla. Smaltirla secondo la normativa in vigore (DPR 915/82,
successive disposizioni e disposizioni locali). Quando si sostituisce la batteria,
utilizzare soltanto i tipi inseriti nell’appropriato Catalogo parti. L’impiego di una
batteria non adatta potrebbe determinare l’incendio o l’esplosione della batteria stessa.
Las baterías contienen pequeñas cantidades de níquel. No las desmonte, ni recargue,
ni las eche al fuego o al agua ni las cortocircuite. Deséchelas tal como dispone la
normativa local. Utilice sólo baterías que se encuentren en la lista de piezas al
sustituir la batería. La utilización de una batería no apropiada puede provocar la
ignición o explosión de la misma.
Safety information
9
Safety notice 4
DANGER
The lithium battery can cause a fire, an explosion, or a severe burn. Do not recharge it,
remove its polarized connector, disassemble it, heat it above 100°C (212°F), incinerate
it, or expose its cell contents to water. Dispose of the battery as required by local
ordinances or regulations. Use only the battery in the appropriate parts listing. Use of
an incorrect battery can result in ignition or explosion of the battery.
La pile de sauvegarde contient du lithium. Elle présente des risques d’incendie,
d’explosion ou de brûlures graves. Ne la rechargez pas, ne retirez pas son connecteur
polarisé et ne la démontez pas. Ne l’exposez pas à une temperature supérieure à 100°C,
ne la faites pas brûler et n’en exposez pas le contenu à l’eau. Mettez la pile au rebut
conformément à la réglementation en vigueur. Une pile inappropriée risque de
prendre feu ou d’exploser.
Die Systembatterie ist eine Lithiumbatterie. Sie kann sich entzünden, explodieren
oder schwere Verbrennungen hervorrufen. Batterien dieses Typs dürfen nicht
aufgeladen, zerlegt, über 100 C erhitzt oder verbrannt werden. Auch darf ihr Inhalt
nicht mit Wasser in Verbindung gebracht oder der zur richtigen Polung angebrachte
Verbindungsstecker entfernt werden. Bei der Entsorgung die örtlichen Bestimmungen
für Sondermüll beachten. Beim Ersetzen der Batterie nur Batterien des Typs
verwenden, der in der Ersatzteilliste aufgeführt ist. Der Einsatz falscher Batterien
kann zu Entzündung oder Explosion führen.
La batteria di supporto e una batteria al litio e puo incendiarsi, esplodere o procurare
gravi ustioni. Evitare di ricaricarla, smontarne il connettore polarizzato, smontarla,
riscaldarla ad una temperatura superiore ai 100 gradi centigradi, incendiarla o gettarla
in acqua. Smaltirla secondo la normativa in vigore (DPR 915/82, successive
disposizioni e disposizioni locali). L’impiego di una batteria non adatta potrebbe
determinare l’incendio o l’esplosione della batteria stessa.
La batería de repuesto es una batería de litio y puede provocar incendios, explosiones
o quemaduras graves. No la recargue, ni quite el conector polarizado, ni la desmonte,
ni caliente por encima de los 100°C (212°F), ni la incinere ni exponga el contenido de
sus celdas al agua. Deséchela tal como dispone la normativa local.
10
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Safety notice 5
If the LCD breaks and the fluid from inside the LCD gets into your eyes or on
your hands, immediately wash the affected areas with water for at least 15
minutes. Seek medical care if any symptoms from the fluid are present after
washing.
Si le panneau d’affichage à cristaux liquides se brise et que vous recevez dans les
yeux ou sur les mains une partie du fluide, rincez-les abondamment pendant au
moins quinze minutes. Consultez un médecin si des symptômes persistent après
le lavage.
Die Leuchtstoffröhre im LCD-Bildschirm enthält Quecksilber. Bei der Entsorgung
die örtlichen Bestimmungen für Sondermüll beachten. Der LCD-Bildschirm
besteht aus Glas und kann zerbrechen, wenn er unsachgemäß behandelt wird
oder der Computer auf den Boden fällt. Wenn der Bildschirm beschädigt ist und
die darin befindliche Flüssigkeit in Kontakt mit Haut und Augen gerät, sollten
die betroffenen Stellen mindestens 15 Minuten mit Wasser abgespült und bei
Beschwerden anschließend ein Arzt aufgesucht werden.
Nel caso che caso l’LCD si dovesse rompere ed il liquido in esso contenuto entrasse in
contatto con gli occhi o le mani, lavare immediatamente le parti interessate con acqua
corrente per almeno 15 minuti; poi consultare un medico se i sintomi dovessero
permanere.
Si la LCD se rompe y el fluido de su interior entra en contacto con sus ojos o sus manos,
lave inmediatamente las áreas afectadas con agua durante 15 minutos como mínimo.
Obtenga atención medica si se presenta algún síntoma del fluido despues de lavarse.
Safety information
11
Safety notice 6
DANGER
To avoid shock, do not remove the plastic cover that protects the lower part of the
inverter card.
Afin d’éviter tout risque de choc électrique, ne retirez pas le cache en plastique
protégeant la partie inférieure de la carte d’alimentation.
Aus Sicherheitsgründen die Kunststoffabdeckung, die den unteren Teil der
Spannungswandlerplatine umgibt, nicht entfernen.
Per evitare scosse elettriche, non rimuovere la copertura in plastica che avvolge la
parte inferiore della scheda invertitore.
Para evitar descargas, no quite la cubierta de plástico que rodea la parte baja de la
tarjeta invertida.
Safety notice 7
DANGER
Though the main batteries have low voltage, a shorted or grounded battery can
produce enough current to burn personnel or combustible materials.
Bien que le voltage des batteries principales soit peu élevé, le court-circuit ou la mise
à la masse d’une batterie peut produire suffisamment de courant pour brûler des
matériaux combustibles ou causer des brûlures corporelles graves.
Obwohl Hauptbatterien eine niedrige Spannung haben, können sie doch bei
Kurzschluß oder Erdung genug Strom abgeben, um brennbare Materialien zu
entzünden oder Verletzungen bei Personen hervorzurufen.
Sebbene le batterie di alimentazione siano a basso voltaggio, una batteria in corto
circuito o a massa può fornire corrente sufficiente da bruciare materiali combustibili o
provocare ustioni ai tecnici di manutenzione.
Aunque las baterías principales tienen un voltaje bajo, una batería cortocircuitada o
con contacto a tierra puede producir la corriente suficiente como para quemar material
combustible o provocar quemaduras en el personal.
12
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Safety notice 8
DANGER
Before removing any FRU, power off the computer, unplug all power cords from
electrical outlets, remove the battery pack, and then disconnect any interconnecting
cables.
Avant de retirer une unité remplaçable en clientèle, mettez le système hors tension,
débranchez tous les cordons d’alimentation des socles de prise de courant, retirez la
batterie et déconnectez tous les cordons d’interface.
Die Stromzufuhr muß abgeschaltet, alle Stromkabel aus der Steckdose gezogen, der
Akku entfernt und alle Verbindungskabel abgenommen sein, bevor eine FRU entfernt
wird.
Prima di rimuovere qualsiasi FRU, spegnere il sistema, scollegare dalle prese elettriche
tutti i cavi di alimentazione, rimuovere la batteria e poi scollegare i cavi di
interconnessione.
Antes de quitar una FRU, apague el sistema, desenchufe todos los cables de las tomas
de corriente eléctrica, quite la batería y, a continuación, desconecte cualquier cable de
conexión entre dispositivos.
Safety information
13
Laser compliance statement
Some models of ThinkPad computer are equipped from the factory with an optical
storage device such as a CD-ROM drive or a DVD-ROM drive. Such devices are
also sold separately as options. If one of these drives is installed, it is certified in
the U.S. to conform to the requirements of the Department of Health and Human
Services 21 Code of Federal Regulations (DHHS 21 CFR) Subchapter J for Class 1
laser products. Elsewhere, the drive is certified to conform to the requirements of
the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 825 and CENELEC EN 60 825
for Class 1 laser products.
If a CD-ROM drive, a DVD-ROM drive, or another laser device is installed, note
the following:
CAUTION:
Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those
specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
O uso de controles, ajustes ou desempenho de procedimentos diferentes daqueles aqui
especificados pode resultar em perigosa exposição à radiação.
Pour éviter tout risque d’exposition au rayon laser, respectez les consignes de réglage
et d’utilisation des commandes, ainsi que les procédures décrites.
Werden Steuer- und Einstellelemente anders als hier festgesetzt verwendet, kann
gefährliche Laserstrahlung auftreten.
L’utilizzo di controlli, regolazioni o l’esecuzione di procedure diverse da quelle
specificate possono provocare l’esposizione a.
El uso de controles o ajustes o la ejecución de procedimientos distintos de los aquí
especificados puede provocar la exposición a radiaciones peligrosas.
Opening the CD-ROM drive, the DVD-ROM drive, or any other optical storage
device could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no
serviceable parts inside those drives. Do not open.
14
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
A CD-ROM drive, a DVD-ROM drive, or any other storage device installed may
contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following:
DANGER
Emits visible and invisible laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do
not view directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Radiação por raio laser ao abrir. Não olhe fixo no feixe de luz, não olhe diretamente
por meio de instrumentos óticos e evite exposição direta com o feixe de luz.
Rayonnement laser si carter ouvert. Évitez de fixer le faisceau, de le regarder
directement avec des instruments optiques, ou de vous exposer au rayon.
Laserstrahlung bei geöffnetem Gerät. Nicht direkt oder über optische Instrumente in
den Laserstrahl sehen und den Strahlungsbereich meiden.
Kinyitáskor lézersugár ! Ne nézzen bele se szabad szemmel, se optikai eszközökkel.
Kerülje a sugárnyalábbal való érintkezést !.
Aprendo l’unità vengono emesse radiazioni laser. Non fissare il fascio, non guardarlo
direttamente con strumenti ottici e evitare l’esposizione diretta al fascio.
Radiación láser al abrir. No mire fijamente ni examine con instrumental óptico el haz
de luz. Evite la exposición directa al haz.
Safety information
15
16
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Important service information
This chapter presents following important service information:
v “Strategy for replacing FRUs”
– “Strategy for replacing a hard disk drive” on page 18
– “Important notice for replacing a system board” on page 18
– “How to use error message” on page 18
v “Strategy for replacing FRUs for CTO, CMV, and GAV” on page 19
– “Product definition” on page 19
– “FRU identification for CTO, CMV, and GAV products” on page 19
v “Important information about replacing RoHS compliant FRUs” on page 21
Important:
BIOS and device driver fixes are customer-installable. The BIOS and device
drivers are posted on the customer support site http://www.lenovo.com/support
System Disassembly/Reassembly videos that show the FRU removals or
replacements for the Lenovo® authorized service technicians are available in the
following support site: http://www.lenovoservicetraining.com/ion/
Advise customers to contact the Customer Support Center at 800-426-7378 if they
need assistance in obtaining or installing any software fixes, drivers, and BIOS
downloads.
Customers in Canada should call the Customer Support Center at 800-565-3344
for assistance or download information.
Strategy for replacing FRUs
Before replacing parts:
Make sure that all software fixes, drivers, and BIOS downloads are installed
before replacing any FRUs listed in this manual.
After a system board is replaced, ensure that the latest BIOS is loaded to the
system board before completing the service action.
To download software fixes, drivers, and BIOS, do as follows:
1. Go to http://www.lenovo.com/support
2. Enter the product number of the computer or press Auto-detect button on the
screen.
3. Select Downloads and drivers.
4. Follow the directions on the screen and install the necessary software.
Use the following strategy to prevent unnecessary expense for replacing and
servicing FRUs:
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009
17
v If you are instructed to replace a FRU but the replacement does not correct the
problem, reinstall the original FRU before you continue.
v Some computers have both a processor board and a system board. If you are
instructed to replace either the processor board or the system board, and
replacing one of them does not correct the problem, reinstall that board, and
then replace the other one.
v If an adapter or a device consists of more than one FRU, any of the FRUs may
be the cause of the error. Before replacing the adapter or device, remove the
FRUs, one by one, to see if the symptoms change. Replace only the FRU that
changed the symptoms.
Attention: The setup configuration on the computer you are servicing may have
been customized. Running Automatic Configuration may alter the settings. Note
the current configuration settings (using the View Configuration option); then,
when service has been completed, verify that those settings remain in effect.
Strategy for replacing a hard disk drive
Always try to run a low-level format before replacing a hard disk drive. This will
cause all customer data on the hard disk to be lost. Be sure that the customer has a
current backup of the data before doing this task.
Attention: The drive startup sequence in the computer you are servicing may
have been changed. Be extremely careful during write operations such as copying,
saving, or formatting. If you select an incorrect drive, data or programs can be
overwritten.
Important notice for replacing a system board
Some components mounted on a system board are very sensitive. Improper
handling of a system board can cause damage to those components, and may
cause a system malfunction.
Attention: When handling a system board:
v Do not drop a system board or apply any excessive force to it.
v Avoid rough handling of any kind.
v Avoid bending a system board and hard pushing to prevent cracking at each
BGA (Ball Grid Array) chipset.
How to use error message
Use the error codes displayed on the screen to diagnose failures. If more than one
error code is displayed, begin the diagnosis with the first error code. Whatever
causes the first error code may also cause false error codes. If no error code is
displayed, see whether the error symptom is listed in the Symptom-to-FRU Index
for the computer you are servicing.
18
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Strategy for replacing FRUs for CTO, CMV, and GAV
Product definition
Dynamic Configure To Order (CTO)
This provides the ability for a customer to configure an IBM® or a Lenovo solution
from an eSite, and have this configuration sent to fulfillment, where it is built and
shipped directly to the customer. The machine label, Product Entitlement
Warehouse (PEW), eSupport, and the HMM will load these products as the 4-digit
MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO).
Custom Model Variant (CMV)
This is a unique configuration that has been negotiated between IBM or Lenovo
and the customer. A unique 4-digit MT and 3-digit model is provided to the
customer to place orders (Example: 1829-W15). A CMV is a special bid offering.
Therefore, it is NOT generally announced.
v The MTM portion of the machine label is the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model,
where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO). The PRODUCT ID portion of the
machine label is the 4-digit MT and 3-digit CMV model (Example: 1829-W15).
v The PEW record is the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO”
(Example: 1829-CTO).
v eSupport will show both the CTO and CMV machine type models (Example:
1829-CTO and 1829-W15 will be found on the eSupport site.)
v The HMM will have the 4-digit MT and 3-digit CTO model only (Example:
1829-CTO). Again, CMVs are custom models and are not found in the HMM.
General Announce Variant (GAV)
This is a standard model (fixed configuration). GAVs are announced and offered to
all customers. The MTM portion of the machine label is a 4-digit MT and 3-digit
model, where model = a “fixed part number”, not “CTO” (Example: 1829-F1U).
Also, PEW, eSupport, and the HMM will list these products under the same fixed
model number.
FRU identification for CTO, CMV, and GAV products
There are three information resources to identify which FRUs are used to support
CTO, CMV, and GAV products. These sources are PEW, eSupport, and the HMM.
Using PEW
v PEW is the primary source for identifying FRU part numbers and FRU
descriptions for the key commodities for CTO, CMV and GAV products at a MT
- serial number level. An example of key commodities are hard disk drives,
system boards, microprocessors, Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs), and memory.
v Remember, all CTO and CMV products are loaded in PEW under the 4-digit MT
and 3-digit model, where model = “CTO” (Example: 1829-CTO). GAVs are
loaded in PEW under the 4-digit MT and 3-digit model, where model = a “fixed
part number”, not “CTO” (Example: 1829-F1U).
v PEW can be accessed at the following Web site:
http://www.lenovo.com/support/site.wss/document.do?lndocid=LOOK-WARNTY
Select Warranty lookup. Input the MT and the Serial number and the list of key
commodities will be returned in the PEW record under COMPONENT
INFORMATION.
Important service information
19
v Business Partners using Eclaim will access PEW when performing Entitlement
Lookup. Business Partners will enter Loc ID, MT and Serial, and the key
commodities will be returned in the Eclaim record under SYSTEM DETAILS.
v Authorized IBM Business Partners can access Eclaim at the following Web site:
https://wca.eclaim.com
Using eSupport
For Key Commodities (Examples - hard disk drive, system board,
microprocessor, LCD, and memory)
v eSupport can be used to view the list of key commodities built in a particular
machine serial (this is the same record found in PEW).
v eSupport can be accessed at the following Web site: http://www.lenovo.com/
support
v To view the key commodities, click on PARTS INFORMATION, then PARTS
LOOKUP. Type in the model type and serial number. The key commodities will
be returned in the eSupport record under PARTS SHIPPED WITH YOUR
SYSTEM.
For the Remaining FRUs (the complete list of FRUs at the MT Model level)
v eSupport can be used to view the complete list of FRUs for a machine type and
model.
v To view the complete list of FRUs, type in the machine type and model
(Example: 1829-CTO) under QUICK PATH. Under “View by Document Type”
select PARTS INFORMATION. Under “Filter by Category” select SERVICE
PARTS. Under “Parts Information by Date” select SYSTEM SERVICE PARTS. The
list of service parts by description, with applicable machine type model and FRU
will be displayed.
Using the HMM
For Key Commodities (Examples - hard disk drive, system board,
microprocessor, LCD, and memory)
Use the HMM as a back-up to PEW and eSupport to view the complete list of
FRUs at the MT Model level.
20
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Important information about replacing RoHS compliant FRUs
RoHS, The Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic
Equipment Directive (2002/95/EC) is a European Union legal requirement
affecting the global electronics industry. RoHS requirements must be
implemented on Lenovo products placed on the market after June 2006. Products
on the market before June 2006 are not required to have RoHS compliant parts.
If the original FRU parts are non compliant, replacement parts can also be non
compliant. In all cases if the original FRU parts are RoHS compliant, the
replacement part must also be RoHS compliant.
Note: RoHS and non-RoHS FRU part numbers with the same fit and function are
identified with unique FRU part numbers.
Lenovo plans to transition to RoHS compliance well before the implementation
date and expects its suppliers to be ready to support Lenovo’s requirements and
schedule in the EU. Products sold in 2005 and 2006, will contain some RoHS
compliant FRUs. The following statement pertains to these products and any
product Lenovo produces containing RoHS compliant FRUs.
RoHS compliant FRUs have unique FRU part numbers. Before or after the RoHS
implementation date, failed RoHS compliant parts must always be replaced using
RoHS compliant FRUs, so only the FRUs identified as compliant in the system
HMM or direct substitutions for those FRUs may be used.
Products marketed before June 2006
Products marketed after June 2006
Current or original
part
Replacement FRU
Current or original
part
Replacement FRU
Non-RoHS
Can be Non-RoHS
Must be RoHS
Must be RoHS
Non-RoHS
Can be RoHS
Non-RoHS
Can sub to RoHS
RoHS
Must be RoHS
Note: A direct substitution is a part with a different FRU part number that is
automatically shipped by the distribution center at the time of the order.
Important service information
21
22
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
General checkout
This chapter presents following information:
v “What to do first” on page 24
v “Checkout guide” on page 25
– “Diagnostics using PC-Doctor for DOS” on page 26
– “PC-Doctor for Windows” on page 28
– “PC-Doctor for Rescue and Recovery” on page 28
v “Power system checkout” on page 29
The descriptions in this chapter apply to any ThinkPad model that supports the
PC-Doctor® for DOS diagnostics program. Some descriptions might not apply to
your particular computer.
Before you go to the checkout guide, be sure to read the following important notes.
Important notes:
v Only certified trained personnel should service the computer.
v Before replacing any FRU, read the entire page on removing and replacing
FRUs.
v When you replace FRUs, use new nylon-coated screws.
v Be extremely careful during such write operations as copying, saving, or
formatting. Drives in the computer that you are servicing sequence might
have been altered. If you select an incorrect drive, data or programs might be
overwritten.
v Replace a FRU only with another FRU of the correct model. When you
replace a FRU, make sure that the model of the machine and the FRU part
number are correct by referring to the FRU parts list.
v A FRU should not be replaced because of a single, unreproducible failure.
Single failures can occur for a variety of reasons that have nothing to do with
a hardware defect, such as cosmic radiation, electrostatic discharge, or
software errors. Consider replacing a FRU only when a problem recurs. If you
suspect that a FRU is defective, clear the error log and run the test again. If
the error does not recur, do not replace the FRU.
v Be careful not to replace a nondefective FRU.
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009
23
What to do first
When you do return a FRU, you must include the following information in the
parts exchange form or parts return form that you attach to it:
__ 1. Name and phone number of servicer
__ 2. Date of service
__ 3. Date on which the machine failed
__ 4. Date of purchase
__ 5. Failure symptoms, error codes appearing on the display, and beep
symptoms
__ 6. Procedure index and page number in which the failing FRU was detected
__ 7. Failing FRU name and part number
__ 8. Machine type, model number, and serial number
__ 9. Customer’s name and address
Note for warranty: During the warranty period, the customer may be responsible
for repair costs if the computer damage was caused by misuse, accident,
modification, unsuitable physical or operating environment, or improper
maintenance by the customer.
Following is a list of some common items that are not covered under warranty and
some symptoms that might indicate that the system was subjected to stress beyond
normal use.
Before checking problems with the computer, determine whether the damage is
covered under the warranty by referring to the following list:
The following are not covered under warranty:
v LCD panel cracked from the application of excessive force or from being
dropped
v Scratched (cosmetic) parts
v Distortion, deformation, or discoloration of the cosmetic parts
v Plastic parts, latches, pins, or connectors that have been cracked or broken by
excessive force
v Damage caused by liquid spilled into the system
v Damage caused by the improper insertion of a PC Card or the installation of an
incompatible card
v Improper disc insertion or use of an optical drive
v Diskette drive damage caused by pressure on the diskette drive cover, foreign
material in the drive, or the insertion of a diskette with multiple labels
v Damaged or bent diskette eject button
v Fuses blown by attachment of a nonsupported device
v Forgotten computer password (making the computer unusable)
v Sticky keys caused by spilling a liquid onto the keyboard
v Use of an incorrect ac adapter on laptop products
The following symptoms might indicate damage caused by nonwarranted
activities:
v Missing parts might be a symptom of unauthorized service or modification.
v If the spindle of a hard disk drive becomes noisy, it may have been subjected to
excessive force, or dropped.
24
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Checkout guide
Use the following procedures as a guide in identifying and correcting problems
with the ThinkPad computer.
Note: The diagnostic tests are intended to test only ThinkPad products. The use of
non-ThinkPad products, prototype cards, or modified options can lead to false
indications of errors and invalid system responses.
1. Identify the failing symptoms in as much detail as possible.
2. Verify the symptoms. Try to re-create the failure by running the diagnostic test
or by repeating the operation.
General checkout
25
Diagnostics using PC-Doctor for DOS
The ThinkPad computer has a test program called PC-Doctor for DOS (hereafter
called PC-Doctor.) You can detect errors by running the diagnostics test included in
PC-Doctor. This section is an overview of the procedure. For details that depend
on model-unique functions, refer to “ThinkPad SL300” on page 49.
Note:
PC-Doctor for DOS is available at following Web site: http://www.lenovo.com/
support
To create the PC-Doctor diagnostic diskette, follow the instruction on the Web
site.
For some possible configurations of the computer, PC-Doctor might not run
correctly. To avoid this problem, you need to initialize the computer setup by use
of the BIOS Setup Utility before you run PC-Doctor.
To enter BIOS Setup Utility, do as follows:
1. Turn on the computer.
2. When the ThinkPad logo comes up, immediately press F1 to enter the BIOS
Setup Utility.
Note: If a supervisor password only has been set by the customer, BIOS Setup
Utility menu appears after the password is entered. You can start the utility by
pressing Enter instead of entering the supervisor password; however, you cannot
change the parameters that are protected by the supervisor password.
On the BIOS Setup Utility screen, press F9, Enter, F10, and then Enter.
Note: When you initialize the computer configuration, some devices are disabled,
such as the serial port. If you test one of these devices, you will need to enable it
by using Configuration utility for DOS. The utility is available on the following
Web site: http://www.lenovo.com/support
Testing the computer
To run the test, do as follows:
Note: In the following procedure, you can select an item not only with the arrow
keys, but also with the TrackPoint® pointer. Instead of pressing Enter, click the left
button.
1. Insert the PC-Doctor disc into the optical drive; then power on the computer.
If the computer cannot be powered on, go to “Power system checkout” on page
29, and check the power sources.
If an error code appears, go to “Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 39.
On the first screen, select the model and press Enter. Follow the instructions on
the screen.
2. The main panel of PC-Doctor appears.
3. Select Diagnostics with the arrow keys, and press Enter.
A pull-down menu appears. (Its exact form depends on the model.)
26
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Note: PC-Doctor menu does not mean the formal support device list. Some
unsupported device names may appear in the PC-Doctor menu.
Diagnostics
Interactive Tests
Hardware Info
Utility
Quit
F1=Help
Run Normal Test
Run Quick Test
CPU/Coprocessor
Systemboard
Video Adapter
Serial Ports
Parallel Ports
Fixed Disks
Diskette Drives
Other Devices
Communication
Wireless LAN
PM Memory
PC-DOCTOR 2.0 Copyright 2008 PC-Doctor, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Use the cursor keys and ESC to move in menus. Press ENTER to select.
The options on the test menu are as follows:
Diagnostics
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Run Normal Test
Run Quick Test
CPU/Coprocessor
Systemboard
Video Adapter
Serial Ports
Parallel Ports
Fixed Disks
Diskette Drives
Other Devices
Communication
Wireless LAN
PM Memory
Interactive Tests
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Keyboard
Video
Internal Speaker
Mouse
Diskette
System Load
Optical Drive Test
Intel 5XXX WLAN Radio Test
Notes:
v In the Keyboard test in Interactive Tests, the Fn key should be held down for
at least 2 seconds; otherwise, it cannot be sensed.
v Video Adapter test supports only the LCD display on the ThinkPad computer.
If you have an external monitor attached to your computer, detach it before
running PC-Doctor for DOS.
4. Run the applicable function test.
5. Follow the instructions on the screen. If there is a problem, PC-Doctor shows
messages describing it.
6. To exit the test, select Quit — Exit Diags.
To cancel the test, press Esc.
Note: After running PC-Doctor, check the time and date on the system and reset
them if they are incorrect.
General checkout
27
Detecting system information with PC-Doctor
PC-Doctor can detect the following system information:
Hardware Info
v System Configuration
v Memory Contents
v Physical Disk Drives
v Logical Disk Drives
v VGA Information
v IDE Drive Info
v PCI Information
v PNPISA Info
v SMBIOS Info
v VESA LCD Info
v Hardware Events Log
Utility
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Run External Tests
Surface Scan Hard Disk
Benchmark System
DOS Shell
Tech Support Form
Battery Rundown
View Test Log
Print Log
Save Log
Full Erase Hard Drive
Quick Erase Hard Drive
PC-Doctor for Windows
This product is designed to help you troubleshoot and resolve problems related to
your computer. Select one of the categories listed below to display symptoms and
solutions:
v Check System Health
v System and Device Tests
v Lenovo Troubleshooting Center
v System Reports
v Updates and Support
PC-Doctor for Rescue and Recovery
In some models of ThinkPad computer, the Rescue and Recovery® workspace
enables you to run the PC-Doctor program to test the hardware features of the
computer.
To run the test, click “Run Diagnostics” on the Rescue and Recovery main screen.
28
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Power system checkout
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
verify a symptom, do the following:
Turn off the computer.
Remove the battery pack.
Connect the ac adapter.
Check that power is supplied when you turn on the computer.
Turn off the computer.
Disconnect the ac adapter and install the charged battery pack.
Check that the battery pack supplies power when you turn on the computer.
If you suspect a power problem, see the appropriate one of the following power
supply checkouts:
v “Checking the AC adapter”
v “Checking operational charging” on page 30
v “Checking the battery pack” on page 30
v “Checking the backup battery” on page 31
Checking the AC adapter
You are here because the computer fails only when the AC adapter is used.
v If the power problem occurs only when the ThinkPad Essential Port Replicator
is used, replace the port replicator.
v If the power-on indicator does not turn on, check the power cord of the AC
adapter for correct continuity and installation.
v If the computer does not charge during operation, go to “Checking operational
charging” on page 30
To check the AC adapter, do the following:
1. Unplug the AC adapter cable from the computer.
2. Measure the output voltage at the plug of the AC adapter cable. See the
following figure:
3
2
1
Pin
Voltage (V dc)
1
+20
2
0
3
Ground
(20V)
Note: Output voltage of pin no.2 of the AC adapter may different from the one
you are servicing.
3. If the voltage is not correct, replace the AC adapter.
4. If the voltage is acceptable, do the following:
v Replace the system board.
v If the problem persists, go to “ThinkPad SL300” on page 49.
Note: Noise from the AC adapter does not always indicate a defect.
General checkout
29
Checking operational charging
To check whether the battery charges properly during operation, use a discharged
battery pack or a battery pack that has less than 50% of the total power remaining
when installed in the computer.
Perform operational charging. If the battery status indicator or icon does not turn
on, remove the battery pack and let it return to room temperature. Reinstall the
battery pack. If the charge indicator or icon still does not turn on, replace the
battery pack.
If the charge indicator still does not turn on, replace the system board. Then
reinstall the battery pack. If it is still not charged, go to the next section.
Checking the battery pack
Battery charging does not start until the Power Meter shows that less than 95% of
the total power remains; under this condition the battery pack can charge to 100%
of its capacity. This protects the battery pack from being overcharged or from
having a shortened life.
To check your battery, move your cursor to the Power Meter icon in the icon tray
of the Windows® taskbar and wait for a moment (but do not click), and the
percentage of battery power remaining is displayed. To get detailed information
about the battery, double-click the Power Meter icon.
Note: If the battery pack becomes hot, it may not be able to charge. Remove it
from the computer and leave it at room temperature for a while. After it cools
down, reinstall and recharge it.
To check the battery pack, do the following:
1. Power off the computer.
2. Remove the battery pack and measure the voltage between battery terminals 1
(+) and 7 (-). See the following figure:
1(+)
2(+)
5
3 4
6(-)
Terminal
Voltage (V dc)
1
+ 0 to + 12.6
7
Ground (-)
7(-)
3. If the voltage is less than +11.0 V dc, the battery pack has been discharged.
Note: Recharging will take at least 3 hours, even if the indicator does not turn
on.
If the voltage is still less than +11.0 V dc after recharging, replace the battery.
4. If the voltage is more than +11.0 V dc, measure the resistance between battery
terminals 5 and 7. The resistance must be 4 to 30 K .
If the resistance is not correct, replace the battery pack. If the resistance is
correct, replace the system board.
30
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Checking the backup battery
Do the following:
1. Power off the computer, and unplug the ac adapter from it.
2. Turn the computer upside down.
3. Remove the battery pack (see “1010 Battery pack” on page 63).
4. Remove the backup battery (see “1160 Backup battery” on page 86).
5. Measure the voltage of the backup battery. See the following figure.
Red (+)
Black (-)
Wire
Voltage (V dc)
Red
+2.5 to +3.2
Black
Ground
v If the voltage is correct, replace the system board.
v If the voltage is not correct, replace the backup battery.
v If the backup battery discharges quickly after replacement, replace the system
board.
General checkout
31
32
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Related service information
This chapter presents following information:
v “Restoring the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs”
v “Passwords” on page 34
v “Power management” on page 37
v “Symptom-to-FRU index” on page 39
Service Web site:
When the latest maintenance diskette and the system program service diskette
become available, they will be posted on http://www.lenovo.com/spm
Restoring the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs
When the hard disk drive (HDD) or solid state drive (SSD) is replaced because of a
failure, no Product Recovery program is on the new drive. In this case, you must
use the recovery discs for the computer. Order the recovery discs and the drive at
the same time so that you can recover the new drive with the pre-installed
software when they arrive. For information on which discs to order, see “Recovery
discs” on page 136.
To install the factory contents by using Product Recovery discs, do the following:
Note: Recovery takes several hours. The length of time depends on the method
you use. If you use recovery discs, recovery takes at least five hours.
1. Insert the bootable Start Recovery Disc into the DVD drive.
2. Select your language and click Next.
3. Read the license. If you agree with the terms, select I accept these terms and
conditions and then click Next.
4. Insert the Operating System Recovery Disc when prompted and click Yes to
begin the operating system recovery process.
5. Insert the Product Recovery Disc when prompted and click OK.
6. If you have a Supplemental Recovery Disc, insert it when prompted and click
Yes. If you do not have a Supplemental Recovery Disc, click No.
Note: Not all recovery disc sets come with a Supplemental Recovery Disc. If
there is a Supplemental Recovery Disc, it will be clearly marked as such.
7. When all of the data has been copied from the last disc in the set, a message is
displayed prompting you to restart the computer. Remove the disc and then
click Yes.
Note: The remainder of the recovery process is fully automated and no action
is required by you. The computer will restart into the Windows desktop several
times and you might experience periods when no activity is apparent on the
screen for several minutes at a time. This is normal.
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009
33
8. When the recovery process is complete, the Welcome to Microsoft Windows
screen is displayed. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the
Windows setup.
Passwords
As many as three passwords may be needed for any ThinkPad computer: the
power-on password (POP), the hard-disk password (HDP), and the supervisor
password (SVP).
If any of these passwords has been set, a prompt for it appears on the screen
whenever the computer is turned on. The computer does not start until the
password is entered.
Exception: If only an SVP is installed, the password prompt does not appear when
the operating system is booted.
Power-on password
A power-on password (POP) protects the system from being powered on by an
unauthorized person. The password must be entered before an operating system
can be booted. For how to remove the POP, see “How to remove the power-on
password” on page 35.
Hard-disk password
There are two hard-disk passwords (HDPs):
v User HDP—for the user
v Master HDP—for the system administrator, who can use it to get access to the
hard disk even if the user has changed the user HDP
Note: There are two modes for the HDP: User only and Master + User. The
Master + User mode requires two HDPs; the system administrator enters both in
the same operation. The system administrator then provides the user HDP to the
system user.
Attention: If the user HDP has been forgotten, check whether a master HDP has
been set. If it has, it can be used for access to the hard disk drive. If no master
HDP is available, neither Lenovo nor Lenovo authorized servicers provide any
services to reset either the user or the master HDP, or to recover data from the
hard disk drive. The hard disk drive can be replaced for a scheduled fee.
For how to remove the POP, see “How to remove the hard-disk password” on
page 35.
Supervisor password
A supervisor password (SVP) protects the system information stored in the BIOS
Setup Utility. The user must enter the SVP in order to get access to the BIOS Setup
Utility and change the system configuration.
Attention: If the SVP has been forgotten and cannot be made available to the
servicer, there is no service procedure to reset the password. The system board
must be replaced for a scheduled fee.
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ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
How to remove the power-on password
To remove a POP that you have forgotten, do the following:
(A) If no SVP has been set:
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Remove the battery pack.
For how to remove the battery pack, see “1010 Battery pack” on page 63.
3. Remove the backup battery.
For how to remove the backup battery, see “1160 Backup battery” on page 86.
4. Turn on the computer and wait until the POST ends.
After the POST ends, the password prompt does not appear. The POP has been
removed.
5. Reinstall the backup battery and the battery pack.
(B) If an SVP has been set and is known by the servicer:
1. Turn on the computer.
2. When the ThinkPad logo comes up, immediately press F1 to enterBIOS Setup
Utility.
Press F1 while the Enter Password is appearing on the screen; then enter the
SVP.
3. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu.
4. Select Password.
5. Select Power-On Password.
6. Type the current POP in the Enter CURRENT Password field. then leave the
Enter New Password field blank, and press Enter.
7. In the Password uninstalled window, press Enter.
8. Press F10; then, in the Setup confirmation window, select OK .
How to remove the hard-disk password
Attention: If User only mode is selected and the user HDP has been forgotten
and cannot be made available to the servicer, neither Lenovo nor Lenovo
authorized servicers provide any services to reset the user HDPs or to recover data
from the hard disk drive. The hard disk drive can be replaced for a scheduled fee.
To remove a user HDP that has been forgotten, when the SVP and the master HDP
are known, do the following:
1. Turn on the computer.
2. When the ThinkPad logo comes up, immediately press F1 to enterBIOS Setup
Utility.
Press F1 while Hard Disk locked, enter user password is appearing on the
screen; then press ESC to switch to Master Password. While Hard Disk locked,
enter master password is appearing on the screen, enter the master HDP.
While Enter Password is appearing on the screen, enter the SVP.
3. Select Security, using the cursor directional keys to move down the menu.
4. Select Password.
5. Select HardDisk Security Setting and press Enter. Hard Disk x Password,
where x is the letter of the hard disk drive.
Related service information
35
6. Select Change HDD Master Password by using the cursor directional keys.
7. Type the current master HDP in the Enter CURRENT Password field. then
leave the Enter New Password field blank, and press Enter twice.
8. Press F10.
9. Select OK in the Setup Configuration window.
Both user HDP and master HDP will have been removed.
36
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Power management
To reduce power consumption, the computer has three power management modes:
screen blank, standby, and hibernation.
Screen blank mode
If the time set on the “Turn off monitor” timer in the operating system expires, the
LCD backlight turns off.
To put the computer into screen blank mode, press Fn+F3.
To end screen blank mode and resume normal operation, press any key.
Standby mode
When the computer enters standby mode, the following events occur in addition to
what occurs in screen blank mode:
v The LCD is powered off.
v The hard disk drive is powered off.
v The CPU stops.
To enter standby mode, press Fn+F4.
Note: If you are using the ACPI operating system, you can change the action of
Fn+F4.
In certain circumstances, the computer goes into standby mode automatically:
v If a “suspend time” has been set on the timer, and the user does not do any
operation with the keyboard, the TrackPoint, the hard disk, the parallel
connector, or the diskette drive within that time.
v If the battery indicator blinks orange, indicating that the battery power is low.
(Alternatively, if Hibernate when battery becomes low has been selected in the
“Power Management Properties” window, the computer goes into hibernation
mode.)
Note for the APM operating system: Even if you do not set the low-battery alarm,
the charge indicator notifies you when the battery is low, and then the computer
enters the power-saving mode automatically. This default low-battery behavior is
independent of the operating system; so if you have set the low-battery alarm, the
computer may not do what you specified. It chooses either your setting or the
default setting, whichever is appropriate.
If you are using the ACPI operating system, only the low-battery alarm is
available.
To cause the computer to return from standby mode and resume operation, do one
of the following:
v Press the Fn key.
v Open the LCD cover.
v Turn on the power switch.
Also, in either of the following events, the computer automatically returns from
standby mode and resumes operation:
Related service information
37
v The ring indicator (RI) is signaled by a serial device or a PC Card device.
v The time set on the resume timer elapses.
Note: The computer does not accept any input immediately after it enters
standby mode. Wait a few seconds before taking any action to reenter operation
mode.
Hibernation mode
In hibernation mode, the following occurs:
v The system status, RAM, VRAM, and setup data are stored on the hard disk.
v The system is powered off.
To cause the computer to enter hibernation mode, do any of the following:
v Press the Fn+F12 keys.
v If you are using the APM operating system and have set the mode to Power
switch mode [Hibernation], turn off the power switch.
v If you are using the ACPI operating system and have defined one of the
following actions as the event that causes the system to go into hibernation
mode, perform that action.
– Closing the lid.
– Pressing the power button.
– Pressing Fn+F4 keys.
Also, the computer goes into hibernation mode automatically in either of the
following conditions:
v If a “hibernation time” has been set on the timer, and if the user does not do
any operation with the keyboard, the TrackPoint, the hard disk drive, the
parallel connector, or the diskette drive within that time.
v If the timer conditions are satisfied in suspend mode.
v If you are using the APM operating system and have set the mode to Hibernate
when battery becomes low, and the battery charge becomes critically low.
When the power is turned on, the computer returns from hibernation mode and
resumes operation. The hibernation file in the boot record on the hard disk drive is
read, and system status is restored from the hard disk drive.
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ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Symptom-to-FRU index
This section contains following information:
v “Numeric error codes”
v “Error messages” on page 44
v “Beep symptoms” on page 45
v “No-beep symptoms” on page 45
v “LCD-related symptoms” on page 46
v “Intermittent problems” on page 47
v “Undetermined problems” on page 47
The symptom-to-FRU index in this section lists symptoms and errors and their
possible causes. The most likely cause is listed first, in boldface type.
Note: Do the FRU replacement or other actions in the sequence shown in the
column headed “FRU or action, in sequence.” If replacing a FRU does not solve
the problem, put the original part back in the computer. Do not replace a
nondefective FRU.
This index can also help you determine, during regular servicing, what FRUs are
likely to need to be replaced next.
A numeric error is displayed for each error detected in POST or system operation.
In the displays, n can be any number.
If no numeric code is displayed, check the narrative descriptions of symptoms. If
the symptom is not described there, go to “Intermittent problems” on page 47.
Note:
For a device not supported by diagnostic codes in the ThinkPad computers, see
the manual for that device.
Numeric error codes
Table 1. Numeric error codes
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
1802
Unauthorized network card is plugged in Power off and remove the miniPCI network
card.
Remove the MiniPCI network card.
1804
Unauthorized WAN card is plugged in Power off and remove the WAN card.
Remove the wireless WAN card.
1805
Unauthorized Wireless USB card is plugged
in - Power off and remove the Wireless USB
card.
Remove the wireless USB card.
1810
Fan Error
Fan.
1811
Thermal sensing error
CPU.
Related service information
39
Table 1. Numeric error codes (continued)
40
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
7001
(HDCP) Memory is not enough for HDCP
Key Provisioning!
Add the DIMMs.
7002
(HDCP) Failed to check the key set
Family-EKS!
System board.
7003
(HDCP) Chip-Unique-EKS re-encryption
failed!
System board.
7004
(HDCP) Failed to check the key set
Chip-Unique-EKS!
System board.
7005
(HDCP) Cipher Initialization with
Chip-Unique-EKS failed!
System board.
8100
Gate20 Error
1. System board.
2. DIMM.
8101
Multi-Bit ECC Error
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
8102
Parity Error
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
8103
RAM R/W test failed
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
8104
CMOS Memory Size Wrong
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
8200
Boot Failure ...
Reseat the boot device. Confirm that boot
image is stored in the failing device.
8201
Invalid Boot Diskette
Confirm that boot image is stored in the
failing diskette.
8202
Drive Not Ready
Confirm that the boot media is installed in
the driver.
8203
A: Drive Error
Reseat the diskette drive.
1. Diskette drive.
2. USB cable (if diskette drive has removal
USB cable.)
8204
B: Drive Error
Reseat the diskette drive.
1. Diskette drive.
2. USB cable (if diskette drive has removal
USB cable.)
8205
Insert BOOT diskette in A:
Reaset the diskette cable. Confirm that
boot image is stored in the failing diskette.
8206
Reboot and Select proper Boot device or
Insert Boot Media in selected Boot device
Reseat the bootable devices. Confirm that
the bootable device or media is in the
system.
8207
NO ROM BASIC
Reseat the bootable devices. Confirm that
the bootable device or media is in the
system.
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Table 1. Numeric error codes (continued)
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
8318
S.M.A.R.T. Capable but Command Failed
1. Hard disk drive.
2. System board.
3. SATA cable.
8319
S.M.A.R.T. Command Failed
1. Hard disk drive.
2. System board.
3. SATA cable.
831A
S.M.A.R.T. Status BAD, Backup and Replace
1. Hard disk drive.
2. System board.
3. SATA cable.
831B
S.M.A.R.T. Capable and Status BAD
1. Hard disk drive.
2. System board.
3. SATA cable.
8400
BootSector Write !!
Disconnect the system from the network.
There might be Virus on the system.
8401
VIRUS: Continue (Y/N)?
Disconnect the system from the network.
There might be Virus on the system.
8500
DMA-1 Error
System board.
8501
DMA-2 Error
System board.
8502
DMA Controller Error
System board.
8503
Checking NVRAM..Update Failed
System board.
8504
Microcode Error
Update the BIOS.
8505
NVRAM Checksum Bad, NVRAM Cleared
Set data by using the maintenance diskette.
If the same error still happens after setting
the data, replace the system board.
8506
Resource Conflict
After removing the option devices from the
system, if the same error still happens,
replace the system board.
8507
NVRAM Ignored
Set data by using the maintenance diskette.
8508
NVRAM Bad
Set data by using the maintenance diskette.
If the same error still happens the after
setting the data, replace the system board.
8509
Static Resource Conflict
After removing the option devices from the
system, if the same error still happens,
replace the system board.
850A
PCI I/O conflict
After removing the option devices from the
system, if the same error still happens,
replace the system board.
850B
PCI ROM conflict
After removing the option devices from the
system, if the same error still happens,
replace the system board.
850C
PCI IRQ conflict
After removing the option devices from the
system, if the same error still happens,
replace the system board.
Related service information
41
Table 1. Numeric error codes (continued)
42
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
850D
PCI IRQ routing table error
Update the BIOS.
850E
Timer Error
System board.
850F
Refresh timer test failed
System board.
8510
Interrupt Controller-1 error
System board.
8511
Interrupt Controller-2 error
System board.
8600
CMOS Date/Time Not Set
Run BIOS Setup Utility and save it. If the
same error happens after doing it, replace
the system board.
8601
CMOS Battery Low
1. Backup battery.
2. System board.
8602
CMOS Settings Wrong
Run BIOS Setup Utility and save it. If the
same error happens after doing it, check
these FRUs:
1. Backup battery.
2. System board.
8603
CMOS Checksum Bad
Run BIOS Setup Utility and save it. If the
same error happens after doing it, check
these FRUs:
1. Backup battery.
2. System board.
8700
KBC BAT Test failed
Run interactive tests of the keyboard and
the auxiliary input device.
8701
Keyboard Error
Confirm that the keyboard cable is
connected correctly.
8702
PS2 Keyboard not found
If setting is incorrect, reset the BIOS Setup
Utility. If setting is correct, after confirming
the PS2 keyboard is correct, replace the
system board.
8703
PS2 Mouse not found
If setting is incorrect, reset the BIOS Setup
Utility. If setting is correct, after confirming
the PS2 mouse is correct, replace the
system board.
8704
Keyboard/Interface Error
System board.
8705
Unlock keyboard
1. System board.
2. Keyboard.
8706
System Halted
System board.
8707
<INS> Pressed
If the error continues, check these FRUs:
1. Backup battery.
2. System board.
8708
Password check failed
If the error continues, check these FRUs:
1. Backup battery.
2. System board.
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Table 1. Numeric error codes (continued)
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
870A
Unknown BIOS error. Error code = 004Bh
Update the BIOS.
870B
Floppy Controller Failure
1. External floppy disk drive.
2. System board.
8800
Warning! Unsupported USB device found
and disabled!
Remove unsupported USB devices.
8801
Warning! Port 60h/64h emulation is not
supported by this USB Host Controller!
If possible, change the setting.
8802
Warning! EHCI controller disabled. It
requires 64bit data support in the BIOS.
Update the BIOS.
8900
System board.
Not enough space in Runtime area!! SMBIOS
data will not be available.
8A00
Warning! This system board does not
support the power requirements of the
installed processor. The processor will be
run at a reduced frequency, which will
impact system performance.
1. CPU.
2. System board.
8B00
Insufficient Runtime space for MPS data!
System may operate in PIC or Non-MPS
mode.
System board.
Related service information
43
Error messages
Table 2. Error messages
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
Device address conflict.
1. Load “Setup Defaults” in the BIOS
Setup Utility.
2. Backup battery.
3. System board.
Allocation error for device.
1. Load “Setup Defaults” in the BIOS
Setup Utility.
2. Backup battery.
3. System board.
Failing bits: nnnn.
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
Invalid system configuration data.
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
I/O device IRQ conflict.
1. Load “Setup Defaults” in the BIOS
Setup Utility.
2. Backup battery.
3. System board.
Hibernation error.
1. Restore the system configuration to
what it was before the computer
entered hibernation mode.
2. If memory size has been changed,
re-create the hibernation file.
Fan error.
1. Fan.
2. Thermal grease.
3. System board.
Thermal sensing error.
System board.
Cannot boot from any device.
Check the status of device which you want
to boot from.
Device not found.
1. The device you want to boot from.
2. System board.
Device Error.
1. The device you want to boot from.
2. System board.
No valid operating system.
1. Check that the operating system has no
failure and is installed correctly.
2. Reinstall the operation system.
Excluded from boot order.
v Enter the BIOS Setup Utility and add the
device in boot order.
44
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Beep symptoms
Table 3. Beep symptoms
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
One beep and a blank, unreadable, or
flashing LCD.
1.
2.
3.
4.
One long and two short beeps, and a blank
or unreadable LCD.
1. System board.
2. LCD assembly.
3. DIMM.
Two short beeps with error codes.
POST error. See “Numeric error codes” on
page 39.
Two short beeps and a blank screen.
1. System board.
2. DIMM.
Three short beeps, pause, three more short
beeps, and one short beep.
1. DIMM.
2. System board.
Reseat the LCD connector.
LCD assembly.
External CRT.
System board.
One short beep, pause, three short beeps,
Reinstall the operating system.
pause, three more short beeps, and one short
beep. Only the cursor appears.
Five short beeps and a blank screen.
System board.
No-beep symptoms
Table 4. No-beep symptoms
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
No beep, power-on indicator on, LCD blank, 1. Make sure that every connector is
and no POST.
connected tightly and correctly.
2. DIMM.
3. System board.
No beep, power-on indicator on, and LCD
blank during POST.
1. Reseat DIMM.
The power-on password prompt appears.
A power-on password or a supervisor
password is set. Type the password and
press Enter.
The hard-disk password prompt appears.
A hard-disk password is set. Type the
password and press Enter.
2. System board.
Related service information
45
LCD-related symptoms
Important: The TFT LCD for the notebook computer contains many thin-film
transistors (TFTs). The presence of a small number of dots that are missing,
discolored, or always lighted is characteristic of TFT LCD technology, but
excessive pixel problems can cause viewing concerns. The LCD should be
replaced if the number of missing, discolored, or lighted dots in any background
is as follows:
Table 5. Minimum quantity of defective pixels required for LCD replacement on June 2006
or later manufactured ThinkPad
LCD resolution
Bright dots
Dark dots
Bright and dark dots
XGA, WXGA
5
6
6
WXGA+, SXGA+,
WSXGA+
5
8
10
UXGA, WUXGA,
QXGA
5
13
13
Notes:
v Lenovo will not provide replacement if the LCD is within specification as we
cannot guarantee that any replacement LCD will have zero pixel defects.
v A bright dot means a pixel is always on (white or color.)
v A dark dot means a pixel is always off (black color.)
v One pixel consists of R, G, B sub-pixels.
Table 6. LCD-related symptoms
Symptom or error
FRU or action, in sequence
No beep, power-on indicator on, and a
blank LCD during POST.
System board.
v
v
v
v
LCD
LCD
LCD
LCD
backlight not working.
too dark.
brightness cannot be adjusted.
contrast cannot be adjusted.
v
v
v
v
LCD screen unreadable.
Characters missing pixels.
Screen abnormal.
Wrong color displayed.
Horizontal or vertical lines displayed on
LCD.
46
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
1. Reseat the LCD connectors.
2. LCD assembly.
3. System board.
1. See important note for “LCD-related
symptoms.”
2. Reseat all LCD connectors.
3. LCD assembly.
4. System board.
LCD assembly.
Intermittent problems
Intermittent system hang problems can be due to a variety of causes that have
nothing to do with a hardware defect, such as cosmic radiation, electrostatic
discharge, or software errors. FRU replacement should be considered only when a
problem recurs.
When analyzing an intermittent problem, do the following:
1. Run the diagnostic test for the system board in loop mode at least 10 times.
2. If no error is detected, do not replace any FRUs.
3. If any error is detected, replace the FRU shown by the FRU code. Rerun the
test to verify that no more errors exist.
Undetermined problems
If the diagnostic tests did not identify the adapter or device that has failed, if
wrong devices are installed, or if the system simply is not operating, follow these
procedures to isolate the failing FRU (do not isolate FRUs that have no defects).
Verify that all attached devices are supported by the computer.
Verify that the power supply being used at the time of the failure is operating
correctly. (See “Power system checkout” on page 29.)
1. Turn off the computer.
2. Visually check each FRU for damage. Replace any damaged FRU.
3. Remove or disconnect all of the following devices:
a. Non-ThinkPad devices
b. Devices attached to the docking station or the port replicator
c. Printer, mouse, and other external devices
d. Battery pack
e. Hard disk drive
f. External diskette drive or optical drive
g. DIMM
h. Optical disk or diskette in the internal drive
i. PC Cards
4. Turn on the computer.
5. Determine whether the problem has been solved.
6. If the problem does not recur, reconnect the removed devices one at a time
until you find the failing FRU.
7. If the problem remains, replace the following FRUs one at a time (do not
replace a nondefective FRU):
a. System board
b. LCD assembly
Related service information
47
48
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
ThinkPad SL300
This chapter presents following product-specific service references and
product-specific parts information.
v “Specifications”
v “Status indicators” on page 52
v “FRU tests” on page 54
v “Fn key combinations” on page 56
v “FRU replacement notices” on page 58
v “Removing and replacing a FRU” on page 62
v “Locations” on page 112
v “Parts list” on page 115
Specifications
The following table lists the specifications of the ThinkPad SL300 :
Table 7. Specifications
Feature
Description
Processor
v Intel® Celeron® processor 575 (2.0 GHz), 1-MB L2 cache
v Intel Celeron processor 585 (2.16 GHz), 1-MB L2 cache
v Intel Celeron Dual Core processor T1600 (1.66 GHz), 1-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Celeron Dual Core processor T1700 (1.83 GHz), 1-MB
L2 cache
v Intel® Core™ 2 Duo processor P7370 (2.0 GHz), 3-MB L2
cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor P8400 (2.26 GHz), 3-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor P8600 (2.40 GHz), 3-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor P8700 (2.53 GHz), 3-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor T5670 (1.8 GHz), 2-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor T5870 (2.0 GHz), 2-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor T6570 (2.1 GHz), 2-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor T9400 (2.53 GHz), 6-MB
L2 cache
v Intel Core 2 Duo mobile processor T9550 (2.66 GHz), 6-MB
L2 cache
Bus architecture
v
v
v
v
v
Graphic memory chip
v Intel® GM45
v nVidia NB9M-GS 128 MB
v nVidia N10M-GE1 128 MB
Display
v 13.3-inch, 16M colors, WXGA (1280 × 800 resolution) Glare
TFT color LCD
© Copyright Lenovo 2008, 2009
1066-MHz FSB
667-MHz DDR2 SDRAM (PC2-5300)
PCI bus
PCI Express bus
DMI
49
Table 7. Specifications (continued)
Feature
Description
Standard memory
v
v
v
v
v
Optional memory
v 512-MB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card
v 1-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card
v 2-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card
(maximum of 4.0 GB)
Extended memory device
(some models)
v Intel Turbo Memory 2-GB Minicard
CMOS RAM
v 242 bytes
Hard disk drive
v
v
v
v
v
512-MB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card × 2
1-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card × 1
1-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card × 2
2-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card × 1
2-GB DDR2-667 SDRAM SO-DIMM (PC2-5300) card × 2
80 GB, 5400 rpm, 9.5 mm high, SATA interface
160 GB, 5400 rpm, 9.5 mm high, SATA interface
250 GB, 5400 rpm, 9.5 mm high, SATA interface
320 GB, 5400 rpm, 9.5 mm high, SATA interface
160 GB, 7200 rpm, 9.5 mm high, SATA interface
Supported hard disk drives depend on the model.
50
Optical drive
v
v
v
v
Fingerprint reader
Some models
I/O port
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Internal modem
v 56.6 Kbps
Audio
v Built-in stereo speakers
v Software control volume
Ethernet (on the system
board)
v Gigabit Ethernet
PCI Express Mini Card
v ThinkPad 11b/g Wireless LAN Mini PCI Express Adapter
III
v Intel WiFi Link 5100
v Intel WiMAX/WiFi Link 5150
v Ericsson F3507g USA - Wireless WAN card
v Ericsson F3507g Other - Wireless WAN card
ExpressCard/Smart Card
slot
v One ExpressCard slot
v One Smart Card slot
Bluetooth wireless (some
models)
v ThinkPad Bluetooth with Enhanced Data Rate (BDC-2.1)
Touch pad
v UltraNav®
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
DVD/CD-RW combo drive, 12.7 mm high
DVD multi drive, 12.7 mm high
Blu-ray combo drive, 12.7 mm high
Blu-ray drive, 12.7 mm high
External monitor connector
Stereo headphone jack
Monaural microphone jack
IEEE 1394 connector
RJ11 connector
RJ45 connector
Universal serial bus (USB) connector × 3 (compatible with
USB 1.1 and 2.0)
v 7-in-1 slot (some models)
Table 7. Specifications (continued)
Feature
Description
Battery
v Li-ion battery (4 cells) 2.6 Ah
v Li-ion battery (6 cells) 2.4 Ah
v Li-ion battery (9 cells) 2.6 Ah
AC adapter
v 65-watt type
v 90-watt type
Preinstalled operating
system
v Windows XP Professional (32 bit)Windows Vista® Home
Basic (32 bit)
v Windows Vista Home Premium (32 bit)
v Windows Vista Business (32 bit)
v Windows Vista Ultimate (32 bit)
ThinkPad SL300
51
Status indicators
The system status indicators show the status of the computer, as follows:
1
10
9
2
8
7
5
6
4
3
Table 8. Status indicators
52
Indicator
Meaning
1
Power on
The computer is on and ready to use. The power switch stays lit
whenever the computer is on and is not lit when the computer is
in sleep (standby) mode.
2
Device access
A hard disk drive is being used to read or write data. When this
indicator is blinking, do not put the computer into sleep
(standby) mode or turn it off.
Note: Do not move the system while the green drive-in-use light
is on. Sudden physical shock could cause drive errors.
3
Media Card
Reader
A card in the 7-in-1 Media Card Reader is being used to read and
write data. When this indicator is blinking, do not put the
computer into sleep mode, remove the card from the slot, or turn
off the computer.
4
Numeric lock
The numeric keypad on the keyboard is enabled. To enable or
disable the keypad, press and hold the Shift key or Fn key, and
press the NumLk (Delete) key.
5
CapsLock
CapsLock mode is enabled. You can enter all alphabetic
characters (A-Z) in uppercase without pressing the Shift key. To
enable or disable CapsLock mode, press and hold the Shift key,
and press the CapsLock key.
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Table 8. Status indicators (continued)
Indicator
Meaning
6
Sleep (standby
Green: The computer is in sleep (standby) mode.
in Windows XP) Blinking green:
status
The computer is entering sleep (standby) mode or
hibernation mode, or is resuming normal operation.
7
Battery status
Green: The battery has more than 20% charge.
Orange:
The battery has between 5% and 20% charge.
Blinking orange (rapid):
The battery has less than 5% charge.
Note: The battery may be charging.
Blinking orange (slow):
The battery is being charged. When it reaches 20%, the
blinking color changes to green.
Blinking green (slow):
The battery has between 20% and 80% charge, and
charging is continuing. When the battery reaches 80%
charge, blinking stops, but the charging may continue
until the battery is 100% charged.
Note: If the computer is operating on battery power, the
battery status indicator does not work while the
computer is turned off or is in sleep (standby) mode or
hibernation mode.
8
Bluetooth
wireless status
Green: Bluetooth wireless is on, and the radio link is ready for
use.
Blinking green:
Data is being transmitted.
R
9
Wireless
WAN/WiMAX
status
Green: The wireless WAN or WiMAX feature is on, and the
radio link is ready for use.
Blinking green:
Data is being transmitted.
10
Wireless LAN
status
Green: The wireless LAN feature (the IEEE 802.11 standard) is
on, and the radio link is ready for use.
Blinking green:
Data is being transmitted.
ThinkPad SL300
53
FRU tests
The following table shows the test for each FRU.
Table 9. FRU tests
54
FRU
Applicable test
System board
1. Diagnostics --> CPU/Coprocessor
2. Diagnostics --> Systemboard
Power
Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> AC Adapter, Battery 1
(Battery2)
LCD unit
1. Diagnostics --> Video Adapter
2. Interactive Tests --> Video
Modem daughter card
(MDC-1.5)
1. Make sure the modem is set up correctly.
2. Replace the modem jack and the modem card in turn, and run
the following tests in Diagnostics --> Communication:
a. Conexant Smart Modem Interrupt
b. Conexant Smart Modem Dialtone
Audio
Enter the BIOS Setup Utility and change Serial ATA (SATA) setting
to Compatibility, and run Diagnostics --> Other Devices -->
Analog Devices HDA CODEC Test
Speaker
Interactive Tests --> Internal Speaker
Note: Once Modem/Audio test is done, the no sound is heard
this test. In this case, turn off and turn on the computer. Then, run
this test again.
PC Card slot
Diagnostics --> Systemboard --> PCMCIA
ExpressCard slot
1. Insert a PCI-Express/USB Wrap card into the ExpressCard slot.
2. Turn on the computer.
3. Run Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> ExpressCard slot.
Keyboard
1. Diagnostics --> Systemboard --> Keyboard
2. Interactive Tests --> Keyboard
Hard disk drive
Enter the BIOS Setup Utility and change Serial ATA (SATA) setting
to Compatibility, and run Diagnostics --> Fixed Disks
Diskette drive
1. Diagnostics --> Diskette Drives
2. Interactive Tests --> Diskette
DVD drive or
DVD/CD-RW combo
drive
1. Diagnostics --> Other Devices--> Optical Drive
2. Interactive Tests --> Optical Drive Test
Memory
1. If two DIMMs are installed, remove one of them and run
Diagnostics --> PM Memory.
2. If the problem does not recur, return the DIMM to its place,
remove the other one, and run the test again.
Fan
1. Turn on the computer and check the air turbulence at the
louver near the PC Card slot.
2. Run Diagnostics --> ThinkPad Devices --> Fan.
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Table 9. FRU tests (continued)
FRU
Applicable test
TrackPoint or pointing If the TrackPoint does not work, check the configuration as
device
specified in the BIOS Setup Utility. If the TrackPoint is disabled,
select Automatic to enable it.
After you use the TrackPoint, the pointer may drift on the screen
for a short time. This drift can occur when a slight, steady
pressure is applied to the TrackPoint pointer. This symptom is not
a hardware problem. If the pointer stops after a short time, no
service action is necessary.
If enabling the TrackPoint does not correct the problem, continue
with the following:
v Interactive Tests --> Mouse
Touch Pad
If the Touch Pad does not work, check the configuration as
specified in the BIOS Setup Utility. If the Touch Pad is disabled,
select Automatic to enable it. If enabling the Touch Pad does not
correct the problem, continue with the following:
v Interactive Tests --> Mouse
ThinkPad SL300
55
Fn key combinations
The following table shows the function of each combination of Fn with a function
key.
Table 10. Fn key combinations
Key combination Description
Fn+F1
Reserved.
Fn+F2
Lock your computer.
Fn+F3
Select a power scheme that has been created by Power Manager. When
you press this combination, a panel for selecting a power scheme
appears.
Notes:
1. To use the Fn+F3 key combination, you must have the ThinkPad
PM device driver installed on the computer.
2. If you have logged on with an administrator user ID, and you press
Fn+F3, the panel for selecting a power scheme appears. If you have
logged on with another user ID, and you press Fn+F3, the panel
does not appear.
3. You cannot turn off the computer display by pressing Fn+F3.
Fn+F4
Put the computer in standby mode. To return to normal operation,
press the Fn key only, without pressing a function key.
Notes:
1. To use the Fn+F4 key combination, you must have the ThinkPad
PM device driver installed on the computer.
2. This combination of keys also functions as a sleep button. If you
want to use the combination to put the computer into hibernation
mode or shut the computer down, change the settings in the Power
Manager.
56
Fn+F5
Enable or disable the built-in wireless networking features and the
Bluetooth features. If you press Fn+F5, a list of wireless features is
displayed. You can quickly change the power state of each feature in
the list.
Note: If you want to use Fn+F5 to enable the feature specified in IEEE
standard 802.11, the following device drivers must be installed on the
computer beforehand:
v ThinkPad Power Management driver
v OnScreen Display Utility
v Wireless device drivers
Fn+F6
Reserved.
ThinkPad SL300 Hardware Maintenance Manual
Table 10. Fn key combinations (continued)
Key combination Description
Fn+F7
Apply a presentation scheme directly, with no need to start
Presentation Director.
To disable this function and use the Fn+F7 key combination for
switching a display output location, start Presentation Director, and
change the settings.
Switch a display output location
v External monitor (CRT display)
v Computer display and external monitor (LCD + CRT display)
v Computer display (LCD)
Notes:
1. This function is not supported if different desktop images are
displayed on the computer display and the external monitor (the
Extend desktop function).
2. This function does not work while a DVD movie or a video clip is
playing.
To enable this function, start Presentation Director, and change the
Fn+F7 settings.
Note: Multiple users can log on to a single operating system by using
different user IDs. Each user needs to change the settings.
Fn+F8
Change the settings of the UltraNav pointing device.
Fn+F9
Open the EasyEject Utility screen. Buttons for the following choices are
displayed:
v Run EasyEject Actions: You can select, stop, and remove external
devices connected to the ThinkPad computer.
v Confiture EasyEject Actions: You can open the EasyEject Utility
main window.
v Fn+F9 Settings: You can configure the settings for the Fn+F9
function.
Fn+F10
Reserved.
Fn+F11
Reserved.
Fn+F12
Put the computer into hibernation mode. To return to normal operation,
press the power button for less than four seconds.
Note: To use Fn+F12 for hibernation, you must have the ThinkPad PM
device driver installed on the computer.
Fn+Home
The computer display becomes dimmer.
Fn+End
The computer display becomes brighter.
Fn+Spacebar
Enable the FullScreen Magnifier function.
Fn+PrtSc
Has the same function as the SysRq key.
Fn+ScrLk
Enable or disable the numeric keypad.
Fn+Pause
Has the same function as the Break key.
Fn+cursor keys
These key combinations work with Windows Media Player. Fn+down
arrow key works for the Play or Pause button, Fn+up arrow key for the
Stop button, Fn+right arrow key for the Next Track button, and Fn+left
arrow key for the Previous Track button.
ThinkPad SL300
57
FRU replacement notices
This section contains notices related to removing and replacing parts. Read this
section carefully before replacing any FRU.
Screw notices
Loose screws can cause a reliability problem. In the ThinkPad computer, this
problem is addressed with special nylon-coated screws that have the following
characteristics:
v They maintain tight connections.
v They do not easily come loose, even with shock 
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