T2-2 User Manual - Champion Instruments
T2-2
Total Station Instruction Manual
T2-2
Version1.0e
English
Champion Instruments, LLC
Dear Customer:
Congratulations on your purchase of the Champion T-2. Your total station is a rugged
and reliable instrument with outstanding performance and design.
To fully appreciate and protect your investment, we suggest that you take the necessary
time to read and fully understand this manual. We have a dedicated service organization,
should the need arise; please do not hesitate to contact us.
Thank you for your trust and confidence.
2
Precautions for Safety
Do not directly site the sun.
When transporting your instrument keep it in the case.
Carry the instrument by the instrument handle
Check the battery power before each use
Battery Maintenance
It is recommended that the unit be stored with the battery out of it. For best life the
batteries should be charged monthly.
When setting up the instrument on a tripod, make sure that it is securely fastened
before walking away.
Assembling the tribrach on the instrument
The attachment of tribrach can influence the accuracy of the instrument. The tribrach
should be checked frequently, the screw which connects the tribrach and alidade must
be locked tightly.
High temperature condition
Don’t put the instrument in high temperature condition for a long time, it can adversely
affect the instruments operation.
Drastic temperature changes
Large temperature changes at the instrument or prism can shorten the measuring
distance range. It is best to let the instrument and prism acclimate to the temperature
where it will be used prior to beginning your work.
Data Management
Champion will not be responsible for data lost on your instrument, make sure you
properly manage your data for the best results.
Definition of Indication
For the safe use of your instrument, and the prevention of injury to operators and other
individuals, as well as to prevent property damage, items which could be of concern are
indicated by an exclamation point within a triangle used with WARNING or CAUTION
statements in this manual.
The definitions of the indication are listed below. Be sure you understand them before
reading the manual’s main text.
!
!
WARNING:
CAUTION:
Ignoring this indication and making an
operation error could possibly result in death or
serious injury to the operator.
Ignoring this indication and making an
operation
3 error could possibly result in personal
injury or property damage.
!
WARNING
● Do not disassemble. Fire, electric shock or burns could result.
Only Champion authorized distributors can service this equipment.
● Do not site the sun directly. Serious eye injury or blindness could result.
● Do not cover the charger. Fire could be result.
● Do not use a defective power cable, socket or plug. Fire/electric shock could result.
● Do not use a wet battery or charger. Fire/electric shock could result.
● Do not operate the instrument near flammable gases or liquids, and do not use the
instrument in a coal mine, as blast could result.
● Do not put the battery in the fire or in other high temperature conditions. Explosion
and damage could result.
● Do not use any battery other than those provided by Champion Instruments.
Fire/electric shock could result.
● Only use power supplies authorized by Champion Instruments. Fire could result.
● Do not short circuit the battery. Fire could result.
!
CAUTION
● Do not stand or sit on the carrying case, and do not turn over the carrying case
arbitrarily, the instrument could be damaged.
● Do not drop the instrument or the carrying case, and do not use defective carry straps.
Instrument damage could result.
● Do not touch liquid leaking from the instrument or battery. Harmful chemicals could
cause burn or blisters.
● Please assemble the tribrach carefully, if the tribrach is not stable, series damage could
result.
● Do not drop the instrument or tripod, series damage could result. Before use, check
that the center tripod locking screw is tight.
User
1) This product is for professional user only!
The user is required to be a qualified surveyor or have a good knowledge of surveying, in
order to understand the user manual and safety instructions, before operating,
4
inspecting or adjusting.
2) Wear the required protectors (safety shoes, helmet, etc.) when operating.
Exceptions from Responsibility
1) The user of this product is expected to follow all operating instructions and make
periodic checks of the product’s performance.
2) The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for results of a faulty or intentional usage
or misuse including any direct, indirect, consequential damage, and loss of profits.
3) The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for consequential damage, and loss of
profits by any disaster, (an earthquake, storms, floods etc.).
4) The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for any damage, and loss of profits due to
a change of data, loss of data, an interruption of business etc., caused by using the
product or an unusable product.
5) The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for any damage, and loss of profits
caused by usage except for explained in the user manual.
6) The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for damage caused by wrong transport,
or action due to connecting with other products.
Safety Standards for Laser
T2 series adopts the safe and visible laser on the basis of “Specification Standard of
radiant products” (FDA CDRH.21CFR Part 1040.10 and 1040.11) and “Safety of laser
products – parts 1: Equipment classification, requirements and user’s guide” (IEC
60825-1:2001).
According to above standards, T2 series is class Ⅲa/3R laser products. When the prism
or reflective sheet is selected in Config mode as target, the output is equivalent to the
safer class 1.
Once the instrument is damaged, do not disassemble it. You’d better contact CHAMPION
INSTRUMENTS or local dealer.
Labels
Follow the safety instructions on the labels as well as in this manual to ensure safe use .
5
Laser emit
Note for Safety
! WARNING
● Never point the laser beam at other’s eyes, it could cause serious injury.
● Never look directly into the laser beam source, it could cause permanent eye damage.
● Never stare at the laser beam, it could cause permanent eye damage.
● Never look at the laser beam through a telescope or other optical devices, it could
cause permanent eye damage.
6
CONTENT
1. Nomenclature and Functions .......................................................................................... 1
1.1 Nomenclature............................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Keyboard ................................................................................................................... 3
1.3 Main menu ................................................................................................................ 4
1.3.1 Basic Measurement ............................................................................................ 4
1.3.2 STD Measurement(Optional).............................................................................. 5
1.3.3 Instrument Setup................................................................................................ 5
1.3.4 About .................................................................................................................. 6
1.3.5 Professional field software ................................................................................. 6
1.3.6 Convenient panel................................................................................................ 6
1.4 Shortcut key............................................................................................................... 6
1.5 Touch screen calibration............................................................................................ 8
1.6 Battery ....................................................................................................................... 8
1.6.1 Battery Power indicator ...................................................................................... 8
1.6.2 Replace and mount battery ................................................................................ 9
1.6.3 Recharge battery .............................................................................................. 10
1.7 USB connection ....................................................................................................... 11
1.8 Guide light(Optional) ............................................................................................... 12
2. Preparation before Measurement................................................................................. 13
2.1 Setting up the instrument ....................................................................................... 13
2.2 Levelling-Up ............................................................................................................. 13
2.3 Centering ................................................................................................................. 16
2.3.1 Centering with Optical Plummet (Optional) ..................................................... 16
3 Instrument settings ........................................................................................................ 16
3.1 INST Setup ............................................................................................................... 17
3.1.1 Setting the measure condition ......................................................................... 18
3.1.2 Setting the units ............................................................................................... 18
3.1.3 Setting parameters of communication ports .................................................... 19
3.1.4 Instrument parameters review ......................................................................... 19
3.2 Illumination settings ................................................................................................ 20
4. Basic measurement program ........................................................................................ 21
4.1 Run the program “Basic Measurement” ................................................................. 21
4.2 Basic measurement screen introduction ................................................................. 21
4.3 Angle measurement mode ...................................................................................... 22
4.3.1 Horizontal angle(right angle) and vertical angle measurements...................... 22
1
4.3.2 Horizontal angle switch between right and left ............................................... 23
4.3.3 Setting horizontal angle with the “L.Angle” key ............................................... 24
4.3.4 Setting horizontal angle with the “S.Angle” key ............................................... 25
4.3.5 Setting “vertical angle and percent grade” mode with the “V/%” key ............. 26
4.3.6 Carrying out angle retesting with the “Repeat” key......................................... 27
4.4 Distance measurement mode ................................................................................. 31
4.4.1 Distance measurement and measuring mode setting ...................................... 31
4.4.2 Fine/Tracking distance measurement .............................................................. 32
4.4.3 Accurate Measurement and Track mode ......................................................... 34
4.4.4 Exchange of distance units ............................................................................... 35
4.4.5 Distance stake out measurement ..................................................................... 35
4.4.6 Remote Elevation Measurement(REM) ...................................................... 37
4.4.7 Missing Line Measurement (MLM)................................................................... 42
4.4.8 Line-height Measurement ................................................................................ 45
4.5 Coordinate Measurement Mode ............................................................................. 50
4.5.1 Setting coordinate of occupied point ............................................................... 50
4.5.2 Setting backsight point ..................................................................................... 51
4.5.3 Setting instrument height and prism height .................................................... 53
4.5.4 Operation of coordinate measurement............................................................ 54
4.5.5 Traverse Surveying ............................................................................................ 55
4.5.6 Offset Measurement Mode .............................................................................. 58
4.6 About ....................................................................................................................... 68
5. Check and Adjustment .................................................................................................. 69
5.1 The Instrument Constant......................................................................................... 69
5.2 Plate Level and Circular Level .................................................................................. 70
5.2.1 Plate Level ........................................................................................................ 70
5.2.2 Circular Level .................................................................................................... 70
5.3 The Optical Sight...................................................................................................... 71
5.4 Optical Plummet . .................................................................................................... 71
5.4.1 Optical Plummet(factory optional) ................................................................... 71
5.5 Vertical Cross-hair on Telescope .............................................................................. 73
5.6 Horizontal Collimation Error C ................................................................................. 75
5.7 Vertical Index Error .................................................................................................. 76
5.8 EDM Optical Axis and the Telescope Sighting Axis Error ......................................... 78
6. Specifications................................................................................................................. 79
8. Standard components ................................................................................................... 82
Appendix I: Atmospheric correction formula and chart(Just for reference) ................. 83
Appendix II: Correction for refraction and earth curvature .......................................... 85
Appendix III: Assembling and disassembling for three-jaw tribrach ............................. 86
2
1. Nomenclature and Functions
1.1 Nomenclature
Handle
Handle screw
Optical sight
Instrument height mark
Vertical
clamp screw
Vertical
motion screw
Touch screen
Keypad
Tribrach
1
Objective
Battery
Horizontal
motion clamp
USB port
Touch pen
Horizontal tangent
screw
Tribrach clamp
2
1.2 Keyboard
T2 series is equipped with two color touch screens and alphanumeric keypad, operation
by both touching screen and pressing keyboard is possible.
Do not touch the screen with ball-pen, pencil or other sharp thing to avoid damage on
instrument.
Keys
Name
Functions
0~9/ A~!
Alphanumeric keypad
Enter text and numerical values.
α
Shift key for character
entry
The current entry method can shift
among number, smaller letter and capital
letter.
★
Tab
Star key
Normal configurations can be set here
Tab key
Move the cursor right or next position
BS
BackSpace key
Move the cursor left and delete one
character
Ctrl
Ctrl key
Same as the Ctrl key on a PC
Space
Space key
Creates a space
Enter
Enter key
Confirm an entry or selection
ESC
Escape key
Quit a screen or edit mode without
saving changes. Return to next higher
level
FUNC
Function key
Perform variable functions defined by the
program screen
◄▲▼►
Navigation key
Control the focus bar within the screen
and the entry bar within a field
ⓛ
Power key
Turn on/off the instrument
3
1.3 Main menu
Function introduction
Display
After initiating the instrument the screen will
go to present “Welcome Interface” which is
shown right. CHAMPION INSTRUMENTS
Survey consists of several functions, that is,
“BSC Measure(Basic Measurement)”, “STD
Measure ( Standard Measurement ) ”,
“Engineering Surveying ( SurvCE ) ”, “INST
Setup ( Instrument Setup ) ” and “About
(Relevant Information)”.
1.3.1 Basic Measurement
Function introduction
Display
Click “BSC Measure” key to activate basic
measuring. This function is used for simple
measuring and calculating, including angle
measurement,
distance
measurement,
coordinate measurement and parameter
setting. Distance measurement mode
underpins Remote Elevation Measurement
and Line-height Measurement. Coordinate
measurement mode includes Traverse
Surveying, Angle Offset Measurement,
Distance Offset Measurement, Plane Offset
Measurement,
and
Column
Offset
4
Measurement.
Besides, basic measurement is also used for
performance testing for total station.
1.3.2 STD Measurement(Optional)
Function introduction
Display
STD measurement function is used to resolve
and calculate applied measurements during
conventional surveying. It contains “project
management”, “import/export”, “instrument
station setup and orientation”, “foresight
measurement”, “backsight measurement”,
“side-looking measurement”, “cross-sectional
measurement”, “setting out of point, bunch
and alignment”, “road design”, “traverse
adjustment”, “coordinate geometry”, “ batter
board label”, “steel ruler connection survey”,
“data query and editing” and so on.
NOTE: This part is optional, it is normal to
display as right figure.
1.3.3 Instrument Setup
Function introduction
Display
Instrument setup function is mainly applied
for
instrument
settings,
instrument
calibration and generation and management
of instrument constant. It is made up of a
series of functions such as “compensator
linear correction”, “compensator zero
correction”, “horizontal axis error correction”,
“index correction”, “instrument settings”,
“distance constant settings”, “communication
port settings”, “configuration management”,
etc.
5
1.3.4 About
Function introduction
Display
The “About” function Offers information of
manufacturer and software version.
1.3.5 Professional field software
Function introduction
Display
T2 provides professional surveying and
cartography program, such as “CHAMPION
INSTRUMENTS
FieldGenius”.
In
fact,
CHAMPION INSTRUMENTS T2 supports more
third-party softwares.
1.3.6 Convenient panel
Function introduction
Display
Click 【★】 key to enter into convenient
panel. Electronic bubble function on this
panel is used for dynamic display of electronic
bubble
during
leveling
up.Furthermore,functions like settings of
meteorological
condition,
observed
object,illumination, prism constant and
communication port are provided.
1.4 Shortcut key
1)Some shortcut keys are applied in 350 series.
Key combination
Description
⊙
Power on/off
★
α
Enter into setting mode directly/turn on the electronic bubble
FUNC+BS+⊙
Enter this combinition at the same time before starting up to
backup all settings
FUNC+CTRL+⊙
Enter this combinition at the same time before starting up to
Shift among number, smaller letter and capital letter
6
restore all settings
FUNC+SP+⊙
Enter this combinition at the same time before starting up to
erase all settings
FUNC+BS
Turn on/off backlight of key panel in face left position
FUNC+TAB
Turn on/off backlight of key panel in face right position
CTRL+ESC
Enter boot menu
CTRL+TAB
Start touch screen calibration
FUNC+CTRL
Turn on/off soft keyboards
FUNC+↑
Increase backlight brightness of LCD
FUNC+↓
Decrease backlight brightness of LCD
FUNC+←
Turn on/off LCD display in face left position
FUNC+→
Turn on/off LCD display in face right position
2) method for character entry switch
Press
α key, current character entry mothod will be changed, on the lower right corner, the
inputing method will display for a moment.
7
1.5 Touch screen calibration
When you operate on the screen, if your device isn’t responding to you taps, you may need
to recalibrate your screen. In any picture, press the combination key “CTRL+TAB” so as to
enter into touch screen calibration. The calibration process is shown in the figure below.
1) Carefully press and briefly hold stylus on
the center of the target. Repeat as the target
moves around the screen.
2) After all the targets are clicked, the screen
will display as left, tap the screen to register
saved data. The screen goes back to Stylus
Properties menu.
1.6 Battery
1.6.1 Battery Power indicator
At any screen, press【★】key to open fast
setting menu.
Select Battery, battery level will be seen
following Battery Level.
8
NOTE:
1. The battery’s working time will be affected by many factors, such as ambient temperature,
recharging time, recharging and discharging times. So we suggest the users recharge the
battery full or prepare several full batteries before operation.
2. The battery symbol only indicates power capability for current measurement mode. The
power consumption in distance measurement mode is more than in angle mode, if the
instrument enters into distance measurement mode from angle mode, the power maybe
auto-off because of lower battery.
3. The symbol only indicates the supply power but not the instantaneous power change. And
if the measurement mode changes, the symbol will not show the power’s decrease or
increase immediately.
4. It is suggested that user should check every battery power before field work.
1.6.2 Remove and mount battery
Remove battery
1)Press the button downward as shown left.
2)Remove the battery by pulling it toward you.
Mount battery
1. Insert the battery to the instrument.
2. Press the top of the battery until you hear a
Click.
9
1.6.3 Recharge battery
1) Connect the charger connector to the battery.
2) Plug the charger on 100V/240V power supply. The red lamp will light which indicates
charging. Slow blinks indicate that the connection is not tight.
3) When the indicator flashes green charging is complete.
NOTE: 1) New battery (or battery does not used for several months) should be recharged for
several times. Please recharge it more than 10 hours, and then the battery can
attain best status.
2) Please recharge the battery continuously for another 1~2 hours after the light
green, which is good for the battery.
10
1.7 USB connection
● The file in the instrument could be read through ActiveSync software by USB cable.
● External memory stick could be used by USB Host connector. The file in the external
memory stick could be read in the instrument interface.
1)Open the cover of USB which behind the display panel;
2)Input external memory stick into USB Host connector;
3)The external memory stick could be recognized as hard disk automatically. It could be file
copy etc.
11
1.8 Guide light(Optional)
Guide light is optional in T2 series total station. It is mainly used to stake out. The
Surveyor could adjust the position of prism and station through the guide light color. It
will be faster to set the prism.
The guide light could be seen within 100M. The distance will be effective by atmospheric
conditions and others.
Under the face left, the Surveyor should move to left direction when he only saw the
green light or the light became bigger; If only saw the red light or red light became bigger,
the surveyor should move to the right direction.
The move direction will be contrary when the
telescope is in face right.
Guide light on/off: press【★】to open fast
setting menu, select Battery, if the instrument is
equipped with guide light module, 4 options for
Guide light are active, ①②③ are for
adjusting guide light intensity, select {Off} to
turn off guide light.
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2. Preparation before Measurement
2.1 Setting up the instrument
(1) Set up the tripod first: extend the extension legs to suitable
lengths and tighten the screws on the legs.Make sure the legs are
spaced at equal intervals and the head is approximately level. Set
the tripod so that the head is positioned over the surveying point.
Make sure the tripod shoes are firmly fixed in the ground.
(2)Attaching the instrument on the tripod head: mount the
instrument carefully on the tripod head. Supporting it with one
hand, tighten the centering screw on the bottom of the unit to
make sure it is secured to the tripod.
2.2 Levelling-Up
(1) Basic Levelling-Up with the circular level
Screw A
Screw B
1. Move the foot screws A and B in opposite direction till
the circular bubble is perpendicular to a line shaped with
screw A and B. The direction of rotation in left thumb
indicates the movement of the circular bubble.
Screw C
Screw A
Screw B
2. Move the bubble to the center of the circle by turning
screw C.
Screw C
13
(2) Accurate Levelling-Up with plate level
Screw B
Screw A
1. Loosen the horizontal motion clamp, and turn the
instrument till the plate level is parallel to a line shaped
with screws A and B. Adjust the screws A and B to make
the bubble in the center of the level.
Plate level
Screw C
Screw B
Screw A
2. Loosen the horizontal motion clamp, and turn the
instrument approximately 90°.Adjust the screw C until
the bubble in the center of the level.
Screw C
3. Repeat above steps until the bubble remains in the
center of the plate level while the instrument is rotated
to any position.
(3) Accurate Levelling-Up with Electronic Level on the screen
It is convenient for TS350 series to level-up with electronic level, especially when it is
difficult to observe the circular level and plate level.
Firstly,press the key 【★】 to turn on the
electronic bubble as shown in left figure.On
the electronic bubble screen,five function
keys are displayed in the left column,which is
listed as follows:
【 TiltXY 】 dynamic display of electronic
bubble
【 T.P 】 observation and setting of
temperature and atmospheric pressure
【Target】target condition of surveying
【Battery】dynamic display of battery level
【Exit】exit the electronic bubble screen
Secondly,level it by turning three foot screws and ensure the bubble is in the plate
level.Make sure the red spot is in the center.
14
Note:
As shown,you can realize transformation of
compensation options by pressing the lower
right button.
【XYON】compensate horizontal angle and
vertical angle at the same time
【XONYOFF】just compensate X axis
【XYOFF】don’t compensate X axis and Y axis
【A.OFF】don’t compensate X axis and Y
axis,and turn off the popup function of
electronic bubble.
In CHAMPION INSTRUMENTS FieldGenius
software, the Level display is always shown as
left figure.
15
2.3 Centering
2.3.1 Centering with Optical Plummet (Optional)
Crossmark
Plummet
Center
Optical
plummet
Turn the focusing ring of the optical plummet to focus the ground mark point. Then
adjust three foot-screws to center the bubble of the circular level. If the plate level is not
leveling-up, you can loosen the center screw of the tripod, and move the instrument to
center the bubble of the plate level. At last tighten the center screw.Repeat above steps
until the center of reticule always coincides with the mark point when rotating alidade of
instrument.
Note: You’d better use the three leveling screws and tripod to center the instrument.
3 Instrument settings
Instrument settings software is applied for settings and calibration of
instrument,generation and management of instrument constant.It is made up of a serie
of functions such as “compensator linear correction”, “compensator zero correction”,
“horizontal axis error correction”, “index correction”, “instrument settings”, “distance
constant settings”, “communication port settings”, “configuration management”,etc.
16
3.1 INST Setup
Tap ◄ or ► keys to display
other settings
Enter “instrument settings” program by clicking “INST Setup” icon on the desktop.And
then input the password “12345678” to display configuration settings screen.On the
screen tap ◄ or ► keys, different setting screen can be shifted.
NOTE:
This password is open for all users, current configuration settings can be
checked here, but not be adjusted. If you want to adjust these settings, please contact
local distributer or CHAMPION INSTRUMENTS company.
17
3.1.1 Setting the measure condition
Opereation:
1. The distance measurement mode will be: Fine, Coarse, Repeat Fine, Average Fine,
Tracking.
2. Tilt correction mode will be: HV, V, NO,
Always off.
3. Collimator correction mode will be: Yes or
No.
4. CR correction mode will be: K=0.142,K=0.2,
No.
5. Sea Level correction mode will be: Yes or
No.
6. Target Type mode will be: Prism, No Prism,
Reflector.You could press “Enter” to keep the
setting or press cancelled.
3.1.2 Setting the units
Operation:
1. Angle unit mode will be:DMS,GON,MIL.
2. Angle Precision mode will be: 1 second,
0.1 second or 0.5 second.
3. Distance Unit mode will be: Meter, US
Feet, Feet.
4. Distance precision mode will be: 1mm or
0.1mm.
You could press “Enter” to keep the setting
or press cancelled.
18
3.1.3 Setting parameters of communication ports
As left shows,click “Other Setup”,you can
activate
bluetooth(BT)
and
guidelight(GL),and set parameters of
“Bluetooth Port” and “Phy Port”.
3.1.4 Instrument parameters review
Click “Data Monitor” used for reviewing the setting parameters.
19
3.2 Illumination settings
Press the【★】 button and click “Target” and
“Battery” keys in order to go on with
illumination settings including “Cross Light”,
“Guide Light”,and“Laser Point”.
Cross Light: Click this item to turn on the
reticle illumination, and move the slipping
button to adjust reticle illumination.
Guide Light:Click “Battery” key,resulting in
display on which guide light could be
adjusted.
Laser Point: Tun on/off the laser flash before
distance measurement.
20
4. Basic measurement program
4.1 Run the program “Basic Measurement”
Current parameters
Function keys
Measurement mode
4.2 Basic measurement screen introduction
The function keys display in the lower left corner of screen,and they vary from one
measurement mode to another.There are some function keys under every measurement
mode being listed in the following table.
Measurement
mode
key
function
S.Zero
Set current horizontal angle as zero
S.Angle
Set current horizontal angle
L.Angle
Lock horizontal angle
Repeat
Retest horizontal angle
V/%
Switch between vertical angle and percent grade
L/R Angle
Horizontal angle switch between left and right
Mode
Set Fine,N Fine,Loop Fine,Track measurement mode
m/ft
Switch among meter,international feet and American
feet in
terms of distance unit
Setout
Set out measurement mode
REM
Start REM function
MLM
Start MLM function
LHM
Start LHM function
Mode
Set Fine,N Fine,Loop Fine,Track measurement mode
OCC PT
Set the coordinate of instrument station
S.BS
Set the coordinate of a backsight point
21
Setup
Set instrument height and target height
Line
Start traverse surveying
Offset
Start offset measurement(ANG.Offset,DIST Offset,PLANE
Offset,CYL.Offset) function
Coor Order
Set displayed coordinate order as NEZ or ENZ
Save Coor
Save coordinate of instrument station or not
Ang.Unit
Set Ang.Unit as DMS,GON,MIL
Dist Unit
Set Dist Unit as m,UsFeet,IntFeet
Stop
Stop distance measurement
Exit
Exit basic measurement program
4.3 Angle measurement mode
4.3.1 Horizontal angle(right angle) and vertical angle measurements
At first, make sure the operation is under angle measurement mode.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
① Collimate the first target
A
Collimate A
22
②Set horizontal angle as
zero for target A.Click the
“S.Zero” button,and choose
“OK” in the popup dialog
box.
【S.Zero】
【OK】
③Collimate the second first
target B,and the horizontal
angle and vertical angle will
display on the screen of
instrument.
Collimate B
4.3.2 Horizontal angle switch between right and left
Make sure the operation is under angle measurement mode.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Make sure the operation
is under angle measurement
mode
23
②switch horizontal angle
between left and right by
Clicking “L/R Angle” key
※1
【L/RAngle】
※1 Left angle or right angle will be switched in turn every time you click the “L/R Angle”
key.
4.3.3 Setting horizontal angle with the “L.Angle” key
Make sure the operation is under angle measurement mode.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Turn horizontal circle
unit in the needed direction
with horizontal clamp and
tangent part.
②Click “L.Angle” key,and
activate the function of
locking horizontal angle.
【L.Angle】
24
③Collimate target point
used
for Orientation.
※1
④Click “unclock” key to
deactivate
the
function
of
locking
horizontal
angle.Then the screen will
return
normal
angle
measurement
mode,and
meantime horizontal angle
will be set as locked angle.
【Unlock】
※1 Click “Cancel” key before it returns to Previous mode.
4.3.4 Setting horizontal angle with the “S.Angle” key
Make sure the operation is under angle measurement mode.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Collimate target point
used for Orientation.
25
②Click “S.Angle” key, and a
dialog box will be ejected, as
is showed in the right figure.
③Input horizontal angle
you need.
※ 1
Such as:232°26'26"
④With
data
entry
complete , click “Enter”
key,and angle measurement
after orientation will go
on.
【S.Angle】
input
horizontal
angle
【Enter】
※1 Data entry should be refered to the format shown in the dialog box.
4.3.5 Setting “vertical angle and percent grade” mode with the “V/%” key
Make sure the operation is under angle measurement mode.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Make sure the operation
is under angle measurement
mode.
26
②Click “V/%” key.
【V/%】
※1
※1 Vertical angle and percent grade will be switched in turn every time you click “V/%”
key.
4.3.6 Carrying out angle retesting with the “Repeat” key
This program is applied for adding up angle retesting values,displaying the sum and the
average of all observed values,and meantime recording the number of observations.
27
Operation steps
Keys
①Click “Repeat” key,and
activate angle retesting
function.
【Repeat】
②Collimate
target A.
Collimate A
the
first
③Click “S.Zero” key,and
set horizontal angle as
zero.
Display
【S.Zero】
28
④Collimate the second
target B using horizontal
clamp and tangent part.
Collimate B
⑤Click “L.Angle” key.
【L.Angle】
⑥Collimate
the first
target A again using
horizontal
clamp
and
tangent part.
⑦Click “Unlock” key.
Collimate
again
A
【Unlock】
29
⑧Collimate the second
target B again using
horizontal
clamp
and
tangent part.
⑨Click “L.Angle” key.And
then the screen displays
the sum and the average of
all angles.
Collimate
again
B
【L.Angle】
※1
⑩Repeat steps ⑥~⑨
according
to
the
requirement,and carry out
angle retesting. ※2
※ 1 Click “Exit” key to finish angle retesting
※ 2 Ht:the sum of multiple observed values
Hm: the average of multiple observed values
30
4.4 Distance measurement mode
4.4.1 Distance measurement and measuring mode setting
Operation steps
Keys
①Collimate the centre of
prism.
Collimate
②Click “M.Dist” key to
enter
distance
measurement mode, and
then the system will carry
out measurement based on
previous setting mode.
【M.Dist】
③Click “Mode” key to
activate setting
function
of distance measurement
mode. Take “Loop Fine” as
example here.
【Mode】
Display
Fine: single fine measuring
mode
N Fine: n times fine
measuring mode
Loop Fine: Continuous
measuring mode
Track: tracking measuring
mode
31
④Display the result of
measurement.
※1~※2
※ 1 Click “mode” key if you wanna change measurement mode,as step ③ shows.
※ 2 Click “M.Ang” key to return angle measurement mode.
4.4.2 Fine/Tracking distance measurement
When you preset the measuring times, the instrument will carry out distance
measurement and display the average distance according to the setting times. If you
preset single observation, the average distance won’t be displayed. In general, the
factory default is set as single observation.
Operation steps
Keys
①Under
distance
measurement
mode,click
“Mode” key to activate
setting
function of
distance
measurement
mode. The default setting is
“single observation”.
【Mode】
Display
32
②Click “N Fine” key with
stylus,and then input the
number
of
needed
observations in the upper
right column of screen.
【N Fine】
input
the
number
of
observations
③Click
“Enter”
key,
collimate the centre of
prism,and then the system
will carry out measurement
based on previous setting.
※1
※1 Click “M.Ang” key to return angle measurement mode.
33
4.4.3 Accurate Measurement and Track mode
Accurate Measurement mode:it’s a normal measurement mode.
Track mode:Track mode takes less time than accurate measurement.It is mainly applied
for setting-out survey and useful for tracking moving target.
Operation steps
Keys
①Collimate the centre of
prism.
Collimate
prism
②Click “Mode” key to
activate setting function
of distance measurement
mode.And this mode is set
as “Track”.
【Mode】
③Click
“Enter”
key,collimate the centre of
prism,and the system will
carry out measurement
based on previous setting.
【Enter】
Display
34
4.4.4 Exchange of distance units
Change distance unit on the screen of distance observation.
Operation steps
Keys
①Click “m/ft” key.
【m/ft】
Display
②Changed distance unit
will display in the upper
right corner. ※1
※1 Distance unit will be exchanged among meter,american feet and international feet
every time you click “m/ft” key.
4.4.5 Distance stake out measurement
This function can display the difference between measured distance and preset distance.
Displayed Value=Observed Value – Standard (Preset) Distance
Setting out among all sorts of distance measurement modes (such as slope distance,
horizontal distance and elevation difference) can be carried on.
35
Operation steps
Keys
①Click “Setout” key under
distance
measurement
mode.
【Setout】
Display
②Select
distance
measurement
mode
(SD,HD,VD)to be set out,
input required data and
then click “Enter” key. ※1
③Start setting out.
※1 First of all,a prompt that reminds you to input SD to be set out is displayed in the
popup dialog box. Click “Enter” key to execute SD setting out after inputing data。If you
want HD setting out,need to input zero in “SD dialog box”, click “Enter”,and the system will
eject “HD dialog box” automatically. HD setting out can go on after HD data entry. If you
want VD setting out,need to input zero in both “SD dialog box” and “HD dialog box”, thus
the system will remind you to input elevation difference to be set out.
36
4.4.6 Remote Elevation Measurement(REM)
The Remote Elevation program calculates the vertical distance (VD) of a remote object
relative to ground. When using a prism height, the remote elevation measurement will
start from the prism (reference point). If no prism height is used, the remote elevation
will start from any reference point in which the vertical angle is established. In both
modes, the reference point should be perpendicular to the remote object.
1) With prism height (PH) input
Operation steps
Keys
①Under
distance
measurement mode, click
“REM” key to activate
remote
elevation
measurement.
【REM】
Display
37
②Select “with PH” button
with stylus.
【with PH】
③Input the prism height
following PH.
Input prism
height
④Collimate the centre P of
prism.
⑤Click “M.Dist” key to
start measuring.
⑥Horizontal
distance
between instrument and
prism will be shown.
Collimate
prism
【M.Dist】
38
⑦Click “Continue” key, and
position of prism is locked,
that means reference point
is confirmed.
【Continue】
⑧Collimate target K and
click “Continue”, vertical
distance (VD) will be shown.
【 Collimate
K】
※1)
※1)Click “Exit” key to finish REM.
2)without prism height input
39
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Select “None PH” button
with stylus.
【None PH】
②Collimate the ground
point.
③Click “M.Dist” key to
start observing.
④Horizontal
distance
between instrument and
prism will be shown.
Collimate
prism
⑤Click “Continue” key, and
position of ground point G is
locked that means reference
point is confirmed.
【Continue】
【M.Dist】
40
⑥Click “Continue” key.
【Continue】
⑦Collimate remote target
K.Vertical distance(VD) will
be shown.
Collimate
target
※1)
※1) Click “Exit” to finish REM.
41
4.4.7 Missing Line Measurement (MLM)
The Missing Line Measurement program calculates the horizontal distance (dHD), slope
distance (dSD) and elevation (dVD) between two target prisms.
The instruemt can accomplish this in two ways:
1.MLM Method (A-B, A-C): Measurement is A-B, A-C, A-D, .........
2.MLM Method (A-B, B-C): Measurement is A-B, B-C, C-D, .........
42
Operation steps
①Under
distance
measurement, click “MLM”
key to activate Missing Line
Measurement.
Keys
Display
【MLM】
②Select method (A-B, A-C)
with stylus.
③Collimate prism A,click
“M.Dist” key. Horizontal
distance
between
instrument and prism A will
be shown.
【M.Dist】
43
④Collimate prism B,click
“M.Dist” key.
【M.Dist】
⑤Click “Continue” key,then
horizontal
distance(dHD),
elevation difference(dVD)
and slope distance (dSD)
between prism A and prism
B will display. ※1)
【Continue】
⑥In order to calculate the
horizontal distance between
points A and C,collimate
prism C,and click “M.Dist”
key again.Thus horizontal
distance
between
instrument and prism C will
be shown..
【M.Dist】
44
⑦Click “Continue” key,then
dHD, dVD and dSD between
prism A and prism C will be
shown.
【Continue】
※1)Click “Exit” key to return main menu.
●Procedure of MLM Method (A-B, B-C) is completely same as Method (A-B, A-C)
Method.
4.4.8 Line-height Measurement
This function is applied for measuring and determining a height of line(like electric
wire)above ground which is hard to reach.
See following image, L is point on the overhead line, G is projective point on the ground,
which is also difficult to set target, A and B are baseline which are set up in a certain
distance under line. After measuring horizontal distances from instrument to prisms A/B
and confirm the base line, VD between A and B, VD between L and G, HD between
instrument and L(G),offset distance from A to L(G) will be determined and shown.
45
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Under
distance
measurement mode, click
“LHM” key to activate
line-height
measurement
program.
【LHM】
②Select “With PH” button
with stylus.
With PH
46
③Click “Setup” key to input
instrument height(IH) and
prism height(PH).After that
click “Enter” key.
【Setup】
④Collimate prism A, click
“Measure” key, and distance
measurement begins. After
that click “Continue” key.
【Measure】
⑤Collimate prism B, click
“Measure” key, and distance
measurement begins.
【Measure】
47
⑥After measurement click
“Continue” key.
【Continue】
⑦Collimate point L on
overhead line. The screen
displays measuring data of
collimating L.
VD : Vertical distance
between A and L.
HD : Horizontal distance
between instrument and L.
Off : Horizontal distance
between A and L.
⑧Click “Continue” key
which is used for measuring
height between overhead
line and ground. Operation
steps:
●Collimate
point
on
overhead line before clicking
“Continue” key.
【Continue】
● Lock instrument on hori
zontal direction, move tele
scope on vertical direction
until aim at ground poin
t G.
48
⑨Collimate ground point G
by screwing vertical tangent
part.
⑩Click “Continue” key
again, and then height of
overhead
line(LH)
and
horizontal distance(Off) will
display.
Collimate
G
【Continue】
※1)~※3)
※1) Click “X” key to end measurement.
※2) Click “VH” key to return operation step⑦.
49
4.5 Coordinate Measurement Mode
4.5.1 Setting coordinate of occupied point
After input coordinate of occupied point(instrument location), unknown point coordinate
will be measured and displayed with this program.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Click “M.Coor” key to
enter
coordinate
measurement mode.
【M.Coor】
②Click “OCC PT” key.
【OCC PT】
50
③Input coordinate of
occupied point from N to Z.
④Finishing data entry,click
“Enter” key and return
coordinate
measurement
interface.
【Enter】
4.5.2 Setting backsight point
Operation steps
Keys
①Click “S.BS” key to set
backsight point.
【S.BS】
Display
51
②Input coordinate of
backsight point and click
“Enter” key.
【Enter】
③A dialog box is ejected as
figure shows.
④Collimate
backsight
point, click “Yes” key. And
then the system will define
backsight azimuth angle
which displays in the upper
left corner of coordinate
measurement screen.
【Yes】
52
4.5.3 Setting instrument height and prism height
Coordinate measurement must be based on instrument height and prism height, thus
coordinate of unknown point can be calculated easily and directly.
Operation steps
Keys
①Click “Setup” key.
【Setup】
②Input instrument height
(IH)and prism height(PH).
③Finishing data entry, click
“Enter” key to return
coordinate
measurement
screen.
Display
Input IH and
PH
【Enter】
53
4.5.4 Operation of coordinate measurement
With coordinate of occupied point, backsight azimuth angle, Instrument height and
prism height set up,you can directly calculate coordinate of unknown point.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①Set coordinate
of
occupied
point
and
instrument
height/prism
height. ※1)
②Set backsight azimuth
angle. ※2)
③Collimate target. ※3)
54
④Click “M.Coor” key to
finish operation.
※4)
【M.Coor】
※1)If don’t input coordinate of occupied point, previous coordinate of occupied point is set
as default. If don’t input instrument height and prism height, the previous is set as default
too.
※2)refer to “4.3.4 Setting horizontal angle with the S.Angle key” or “4.5.2 Setting backsight
point”。
※ 3)Click “Mode” key to change distance measurement method(Fine/N Fine/Loop
Fine/Track)
※4) Click “M.Angle” or “M.Dist” to return normal angle or distance measurement mode.
4.5.5 Traverse Surveying
Measure the coordinate of foresight point and save it in the list, this point would be
taken as the occupied point after transferring to point 2, and the previous occupied point
will be taken as the backsight point, the azimuth angle will be calculated and set.
55

Set coordinate of occupied point p0 and azimuth angle from point P0 to known
point A.
Operation steps
Keys
①Click “Line” key.
【Line】
②Click “Save” key with
stylus.
【Save】
③Click “Setup” key to reset
instrument height and prism
height. And then click
“Enter” key.
【Setup】
Display
56
④Collimate prism in target
point P1 where instrument
will
be
transferred.
Meantime click “Measure”
key.
【Measure】
⑤Click “Continue” key and
coordinate of Point P1
displays in the lower left
corner of screen.
【Continue】
⑥Click
“Save”
key.
Coordinate of P1 can be
ascertained and it will
return main menu. At last
power off and transfer
instrument to P1(transfer
prism from P1 to P0
meantime).
【Save】
57
⑦After
instrument
is
established in P1,enter into
traverse
surveying
of
coordinate
measurement
and select “Call” button
with stylus.
※1)
⑧Collimate last occupied
point P0. Click “Setup” key,
then coordinate of P1 and
azimuth angle from P1 to P0
will be ascertained. And it
returns to main menu at the
same time.
⑨Repeat steps①~⑧,
and carry on according to
the sequence of guidelines
till the end.
※1) Click “Exit” key to finish Traverse Surveying.
4.5.6 Offset Measurement Mode
There are four kinds of Offset Measurement Modes:
 Angle Offset Measurement
 Distance Offset Measurement
 Plane Offset Measurement
 Column Offset Measurement
1) Angle Offset Measurement
This program is used to measure the point where it’s difficult to set prism. Place the
prism at the same horizontal distance from the instrument as that of point A0 to
measure.
58
●When measuring coordinate of ground point A1(projection of point A0),set instrument
height and prism height.
●When measuring coordinate of point A0,set instrument height only(Prism height is set
as 0).
●Under angle offset measurement mode,there are two methods to set vertical angle:
1.Free vertical angle: vertical angle ranges from up-and-down movement of telescope.
2.Lock vertical angle:vertical angle is locked and can’t range from up-and-down
movement of telescope.
Thus,if collimate A0 with the first method, vertical angle ranges from up-and-down
movement of telescope,and meantime slope distance(SD) and elevation difference(VD)
will change too.But if collimate A0 with the second method,vertical angle is locked in the
direction where prism is located and can’t range from up-and-down movement of
telescope.
59
Operation steps
Keys
① Click “Offset” key.
【Offset】
Display
② Click “ANG.Offset” key
in ejecting dialog box.
③ Select “Free VA”(or
“Lock VA”) with stylus to
to start angle offset
measurement.(User
makes a choice on the
basis of own demand)
④ Collimate prism P,and
click “Measure” key.
Collimate
prism P
60
⑤Collimate target A0 with
horizontal
clamp
and
tangent part.
Collimate A0
⑤ Click
“Continue”
key.Then
slope
distance,horizontal
distance and elevation
difference
from
instrument to A0 and
coordinate of A0 will be
shown.
※1),※2)
【Continue】
※1) Click “Setup” key to set instrument height and prism height.
※2)Click “Exit” to finish Angle Offset Measurement
●Set instrument height/prism height before Offset Measurement.
●Refer to “4.5.1” to set coordinate of occupied point.
2) Distance Offset Measurement
The measurement of a target point apart from a prism is possible by inputting offset
horizontal distance of front and back/left and right.
61
●When measuring coordinate of ground point A1,set instrument height and prism
height.
●When measuring coordinate of point A0,set instrument height only(Prism height is set
as 0).
●Refer to “4.5.1” to set coordinate of occupied point.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①
Click “DIST Offset” key in
ejecting dialog box.
【
DIST
Offset】
62
②Finish data entry with
stylus.
③Collimate prism and click
“Measure” key.
④Click “Continue” key,and
result displays with the
correction of offset distance.
【Measure】
【Continue】
※1),※2)
※1) Click “Setup” key to set instrument height and prism height.
※2) Click “Exit” key to finish Distance offset measurement.
3) Column Offset Measurement
It is possible to measure circumscription point(P1) of column directly,the distance to the
center of column(P0),coordinate and direction angle can be calculated by measured
circumscription points P2 and p3.The direction angle of the center of column is 1/2 of
63
total direction angle of circumscription points P2 and P3.
● Refer to “4.5.1” to set coordinate of occupied point.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
①
Click “CYL.Offset” key.
【CYL.Offset】
64
②Collimate the center(P1)
of column surface,and then
click “Measure” key.
【Measure】
③Collimate left point(P2)
of column surface,and then
click “Continue” key.
【Continue】
④Collimate right point(P3)
of column surface.
65
②
Click “Continue ” key,and
relational values between
instrument and the center
of column(P0)
can be
calculated and shown.
※1),※2)
【Continue】
※1) Click “Setup” key to set instrument height and prism height.
※2) Click “Exit” key to finish column offset measurement.
4) Plane Offset Measurement
Measuring will be taken for the place where direct measuring can not be done,for
example distance or coordinate measuring for an edge of a plane.Three random
points(P1,P2,P3) on a plane will be measured at first in the plane offset measurement to
determine the measured plane,collimate the measuring point(P0),the instrument
calculates and displays coordinate and distance value of cross point between collimation
axis and of the plane.
● Refer to “4.5.1” to set coordinate of occupied point.
Operation steps
Keys
Display
66
①
Click “PLANE Offset” key.
【
PLANE
Offset】
②Collimate prism P1,and
click “Measure” key.
【Measure】
③Collimate prism P2,and
click “Measure” key.
【Measure】
67
④Collimate prism P3,and
click “Measure” key.
【Measure】
⑤Click “Continue” key to
calculate relational values
between collimation axis
and plane.
※1)
【Continue】
※1)Click “Setup” key to set instrument height and prism height.
●If the three observing points can’t determine a plane,the system will display error
message.Thus observe the first point once again.
●When collimation axis doesn’t intersect with determined plane, the system will display
error message.
4.6 About
Operation:
1. Click “about” icon on desktop.
2. Press “Exit” to return the basic measurement.
68
5. Check and Adjustment
5.1 The Instrument Constant
1) Check
It is suggested to observe and compare the instrument with a testing line which is set on
stable ground with a particular accuracy, though error is not generally included in the
instrument constant. If the testing line is unavailable, you can set it for 20 meters or so
by yourselves, then check and compare it with your new instrument.
AB
A
BC
B
C
AC
1. Select a point B on the approximately horizontal line AC with about 100 meters long.
Measure the distances of lines AB , AC and BC .
2. The instrument constant can be calculated;
instrument constant =AB+BC-AC
3. If there is a difference between the instrument standard constant and the calculated
value , colligate the measured constant and the prism constant to get a new value ,then
input the value into the instrument as a prism constant .
4. Compare length of the instrument’s testing line again with a certain standard testing
line .
5. If the difference is over 5 mm after the preceding operations, it is necessary to reset
the instrument constant .
2) Adjustment
About instrument constant setting, you must contact CHAMPION INSTRUMENTS
distributor to do that.
69
5.2 Plate Level and Circular Level
5.2.1 Plate Level
1) Check
1. Mount the instrument on a stable device (as tripod ,
adjusting device ),and fix it.
2. Level the instrument until the plate level is parallel
to a line linking leveling foot screws A and B, then
adjust the two screws to center the air bubble.
3. Turn the instrument 180°, observe the moving
direction of the bubble, if it is still centered, no
adjustment is necessary, if not, you have to adjust it.
2) Adjustment
1. Mount the instrument on a stable device and fix it.
2. Level it roughly.
3. Turn the instrument and make the plate level be
parallel to a line linking two leveling foot screws, then
adjust the two screws to center the air bubble .
4. Turn the instrument 180°, adjust the Adj-screw with
adjustment pin slightly to correct half of the bubble’s
displacement when it doesn’t move,
5. Repeat the operation (3) and (4) until the air bubble remains centered in any position .
5.2.2 Circular Level
1) Check
1. Mount the instrument on a stable device and fix
it.
2. Level it accurately by the plate level.
3. Observe the bubble of the circular level, if it is
centered, no adjustment is necessary, if not, you
have to adjust it.
2) Adjustment
4. Mount the instrument on a stable device and fix
it.
5. Level it accurately by the plate level.
6. Adjust the three adjusting screws to center the
bubble by a wrench.
70
Circular Level
level Lever
Adjusting pin
Note: Be careful when adjusting the three screws, and the tightening tension is identical
for them.
5.3 The Optical Sight
1) Check
1. Mount the instrument on a tripod and fix it.
2. Set a cross mark target which apart from the
instrument about 50m.
3. Take the telescope sight the cross mark.
4. Observe the optical sight collimator whether
collimating the cross mark, if collimate the mark,
adjustment is not necessary; if not, adjust it.
2) Adjustment
1. Mount the instrument at the tripod and fix it.
2. Set a cross mark target which apart from the
instrument about 50m.
3. Take the telescope sight the cross mark.
4. Loosen two fixing screws, adjust the collimator, then fix the two screws again.
5.4 Optical Plummet
5.4.1 Optical Plummet(factory optional)
1) Check
1. Mount the instrument at the tripod and fix it.
2. Set a cross mark under the instrument
3. Coincide the center mark of the optical plummet with the cross mark by adjusting
three leveling foot screws.
4. Turn the instrument 180°, check the center mark and cross mark, if they are coincide,
no adjustment is necessary, if not, adjust it.
2) Adjustment
1. Set the instrument on stable device and fix it.
2. Set a cross mark under the instrument.
3. Use the three leveling screws and coincide the center mark of plummet and cross
mark on the ground.
4. Rotate the instrument 180°around and take off the cover of the optical plummet
eyepiece, adjust the four adjusting screws with the adjusting pin to shift the center mark
to the cross mark, correct only one-half of the displacement in this manner.
(5) Repeat the operation in (3) and (4) until coincide the center mark of the plummet
71
and cross mark on the ground.
72
NOTE:
1. When adjust the screws of plummet reticle, firstly loosen the screw on the moving
direction of reticle, secondly tighten another screw by the same mount, clockwise
turning is for tightening, and anticlockwise turning is for loosening, the turning mount
for tightening or loosening should be same.
5.5 Vertical Cross-hair on Telescope
1) Check
(1) Set the instrument up the tripod and carefully level it.
(2) Set a point A front the instrument 50m apart;
(3) Collimate the point A and adjust the vertical tangent screw; If the point appears to
move continuously on the hair, adjustment is not required. Otherwise, adjust it.
2) Adjustment
(1) Set the instrument, and set the point A front the instrument 50m apart.
(2) Take off cover of telescope eyepiece, there are 4 screws for the reticle part.
(3) Loosen all four fixing screws slightly with the cross screw-drive.
(4)Revolve the eyepiece section so that the vertical cross-hair coincides to point A, finally,
re-tighten the four screws.
(5) Repeat the checking and adjusting until there is no deviation.
NOTE:
1)After the adjustment of cross-hair, please check the collimation error and vertical
index error.
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2) Refer to the chapter “5.9 EDM Optical Axis and the Telescope Sighting Axis Error” to
check the axis. At last check the collimator error again.
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5.6 Horizontal Collimation Error C
If the telescope’s sight line isn’t perpendicular to the horizontal axis, the collimation error
will appear. The assembling, transportation and operation will cause this error.
If the collimation error isn’t over the permitted range, with the program the instrument
can correct this collimation error.
NOTE: After the program correction this deviation error is also on the instrument.
1) Check
(1) Set-up the instrument on tripod or adjustment platform and leveling accurately.
(2) Aim at the cross-hairs of collimator or the obvious target at a distance. Get the face
left angle reading H1 and the face right angle reading Hr.
(3) Calculating the horizontal collimation error C according to C=(Hl- Hr±180°)/2,if C<8″,
no adjustment will be necessary. If C>8″, proceed with the following adjustment.
2) Adjustment by program:
Set-up the instrument on tripod or adjustment platform, and leveling accurately.
Procedures:
1. Power on, run the software “TS810Setup”, on the screen tap ◄ or ► keys until
Collimation displays, tap it to display collimation error and vertical index error setting
menu.
2. Aim at the cross-hair of collimator at telescope left, tap “Left value” to read the
horizntal and vertical angles.
3. Aim at the cross-hair of coillmator at telescope right, tap “Right value” to read the
horzontal and vertical angles.
4. The software will calculate the new collimation error and vertical index error
automatically.
5. Tap “Enter” to save the new values, or tap “Cancel” to use old values.
Note:
The adjustment can be performed by the program when C<30″, if C>30″, adjust the
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reticle.
Reticle Adjusting:
1. Rotate the instrument in face right position, turning horizontal tangent screw until
Hr′=Hr+C.
2.Loosen the shield of telescope’s reticle.
3. Adjusting two screws at left and at right until the vertical hairs of telescope’s reticle
coincides with the cross-hairs of collimator or target.
4. Repeat the check and adjustment procedure until the error is accepted.
NOTE:
1. When adjust the screws of reticle, firstly loosen the screw on the moving direction of
reticle, secondly tighten another screw by the same mount, clockwise turning is for
tightening, and anticlockwise turning is for loosening, the turning mount for tightening
or loosening should be same.
2. After the reticle adjustment, it is necessary to adjust the vertical index error by
program.
5.7 Vertical Index Error
The deviation between vertical circle zero position and horizontal direction is vertical
index (i), it is necessary to concern this error when measure vertical angle. The
instrument program applied a formula to remove this error. This correction can offer the
index for the formula.
Warning: Before starting this operation, be sure to read manual carefully, otherwise it
may cause data faulty.
Because of the close relationship between vertical index and compensator zero position,
it is necessary to check and adjust compensator zero position when adjust the vertical
circle, the value should be stable when reading.
1) Check:
Please adjust the reticle of telescope and correct the collimation error before this
operation.
(1) Mount the instrument at the tripod or a stable device and level it accurately, then
turn on the instrument.
(2) Aim at the cross-hairs of collimator or the obvious target at a distance, VA should be
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about ±10°. Read the face left angle Vl and face right angle Vr.
(3) Calculate the index error according to the formula below:
i = ( Vl+Vr-360°)/2
(4)If I<10〞, no adjustment is necessary , or you have to adjust it .
2) Adjustment by program:
Set-up the instrument on tripod or adjustment platform, and leveling accurately.
Procedures
1. Power on, run the software “TS810Setup”, on the screen tap ◄ or ► keys until
Collimation display, tap it to display collimation error and vertical index error setting
menu.
2. Aim at the cross-hair of collimator at telescope left, tap “Left value” to read the
horizntal and vertical angles.
3. Aim at the cross-hair of coillmator at telescope right, tap “Right value” to read the
horzontal and vertical angles.
4. The software will calculate the new collimation error and vertical index error
automatically.
5. Tap “Enter” to save the new values, or tap “Cancel” to use old values.
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5.8 EDM Optical Axis and the Telescope Sighting Axis Error
It is necessary to check this error after the adjustment of telescope reticle error.
1)Checking (For 350 series)
(1) Install the instrument at the tripod or a stable device and level it accurately, then
power on the instrument.
(2) Set a prism about 2m far away from the instrument.
(3) Aim at the prism center with telescope reticle.
(4) Enter EDM signal testing screen.
(5) Observe through eyepiece, turn the focusing knob until the red mark is clear, if the
deviation between mark and cross-hair is not over 1/5 of red mark diameter, adjustment
is unnecessary.
2)Checking (For T2 series)
(1) Install the instrument at the tripod or a stable device and level it accurately, then
power on the instrument.
(2) Set a reflective sheet about 5m-20m far away from the instrument.
(3) Aim at the sheet cross-mark with telescope reticle.
(4) Enter EDM signal testing screen.
(5) Observe the laser spot, if the laser spot coincides with the cross-mark of reflective
sheet, adjustment is unnecessary.
NOTE:
Laser radiation do not stare into beam.
3)Adjustment
If the instrument needs adjustment, please contact with our dealers.
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6. Specifications
T2 series
Telescope
Length
156mm
Image
Erect
Magnification
30×
Aperture
45mm
Field of view
1°30′
Minimum focus
1.0m
Angle measurement
Reading system
Absolute encoder
Circle diameter
79mm
Angle unit
360degree/400gon/6400mil, selectable
Minimum display
0.5″/ 1″/ 5″,selectable
0.1mgon/0.2mgon/1mgon, selectable
Detecting mode
Double
Accuracy
2″
Distance measurement(R500)
Display resolution(m/inch selectable)
Laser class
Distance unit
0.1mm/1mm
Prism
Class 1
Reflectorless/Reflective sheet Class 3R
m/ft, selectable
Measurement range(good condition)
Mini-reading
Single prism
1 to 3000m
Reflective sheet/RP60
1 to 800m
Reflectorless
1 to 500m
Fine
mode
0.1mm/1mm(0.001ft/0.01ft)
Tracking mode
Accuracy
10mm (0.1ft)
Prism:2mm+2ppm/1mm+1.5ppm(Optional)
Reflective sheet/RP60:3mm+2ppm
Reflectorless:1-200m:3mm+2ppm/≥200:5mm+3ppm
Measurement time
Initial: 2.5s
Fine mode: 1.5 s
Rapid mode: 0.9s
Tracking mode: 0.5s
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Prism
typ.1.0-1.5s
Reflective sheet/Rp60
typ.1.5s
Reflectorless
typ.1.5-5s,max.20s
Temperature unit
℃/℉, selectable
Pressure unit
hPa/mmHg/inchHg, selectable
Temperature input range
-30℃ to +60℃ (1℃ steps)
Pressure input range
510hPa to 1066hPa(1hPa setps)
Prism constant condition
-99.9mm to +99.9mm
Refraction and earth curvature correction
OFF/0.14/0.2, selectable
Reflecting prism constant correction
-99.9mm to +99.9mm
Level vial sensitivity
Plate level
30″/2mm
Circular level
8′/2mm
Compensation
Dual-axis
System
Liquid type
Range
±3′
Resolving power
1″
Data processing system
Operating system
Windows CE
CPU
32 bit
Optical plummet
Accuracy
±0.8mm/1.5m
Image
Erect
Magnification
3×
Focusing range
0.5m~∝
Field of view
4°
Display
LCD
3.5″ color TFT LCD(320×240dots), touch screen
transflective sunlight readable display
Internal memory
Internal memory
SD Card
Power
Battery
3400 mAh Li-ion Rechargeable battery
Voltage
7.4V DC
Continuous operation time
About 10 hours(single distance measurement every 30
seconds)
80
Chargers
FDJ6-Li(100V to 240V)
Charging time (at +20℃)
Approx. 4 hours
Application programs
Data collection/Stake out/Resection/REM/MLM/Point to line
AREA/Z coordinate/OFFset/3D Road/Traverse adjustment
Tape measurement/section/axis positioning measurement
Others
CPU
Memory
ARM9 Core
2G internal memory
Guide Light System
Factory optional
Sensors
Built-in temperature and pressure sensors
Keyboard
Alphanumerical illuminated key board,both sides
Storage temperature
-20°~+50℃
-40°~+70℃
Dimension(W×D×H)
210×210×360mm
Operating temperature
Weight(including batteries)
5.5kg
Dimensions(W×D×H)
Interface
185×220×360mm
USB host/USB slave/RS-232C/Bluetooth(Optional)
Water and dust protection
IP55 (IEC60529)
Data collector
PS236,fully rugged PDA(Optional)
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8. Standard components
● Carrying case
1 each
● Instrument
1 each
● Battery
2 each
● Charger
1 each
● Adjusting pins
2 each
● Cleaning cloth
1 each
● Cleaning brush
1 each
● Screwdriver
1 each
● Wrench
2 each
● Silica gel
1 each
● Instruction manual
2 each
● CD
1 each
● USB Communication cable
1 each
● RS232C Communication cable
1 each
● Rainproof
1 each
● Reflective sheet/RP30
4 each
● Reflective sheet/RP60
1 each
● Laser caution sign board
1 each
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Appendix I: Atmospheric
chart(Just for reference)
Factory setting:
correction
formula
and
temperature: 20℃, pressure:1013hpa, 0ppm
temperature: 20℃, pressure:1013hpa, 0ppm
The correction:
Kpt=274.417-0.2905*p/(1+0.0036*t)………………..
Kpt=278.960-0.2902*p/(1+0.0036*t)………………...
Where: p--Pressure value (hPa)
t--Temperature value (℃)
Kpt--Atmospheric correction (ppm)
Example:
t=20℃, p=1013hpa, L0=1000m.
Then:
Kpt=0ppm Kpt=4ppm
L=L0(1+Kpt)=1000×(1+0×10-6)=1000.000m
L=L0(1+Kpt)=1000×(1+4×10-6)=1000.004m
The atmospheric value is obtained easily with the atmospheric correction chart.
Find the measured temperature in horizontal axis, and pressure in vertical axis
on the chart.
Read the value from the diagonal line, which is the required atmospheric
correction value.
83
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Appendix II: Correction for refraction and earth curvature
Considering the correction of refraction and earth curvature for distance
measurement, the formula for slope distance, horizontal distance and vertical
distance applied in the instrument are as followings:
The conversion formula for horizontal and vertical distance is as follows when
correction for refraction and earth curvature is not applied:
HD=SD COS§
VD=SD ∣SIN§∣
NOTE:
The factory setting for the refraction coefficient K is 0.142.
Refer to the section 3.10 to change the value of K.
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Appendix III: Assembling and disassembling for three-jaw
tribrach
It is convenient to assemble or disassemble the instrument from tribrach by
loosen or tighten the tribrach clamp.
Disassemble
(1) Rotate the tribrach clamp anticlockwise until the lever is loosen.
(2) One hand hold up the tribrach, another hand hold the carry handle of the
instrument and lift out the instrument from the tribrach.
Assemble
(1) Put the instrument into the tribrach lightly, let the communication port
against in the indentation of the tribrach..
(2) Rotate the tribrach clamp clockwise until the lever is tighten.
Positing block
Positing groove
Tribrach clamp
Fixed screw
Note: Fix the tribrach clamp
If the instrument don’t need assembly or disassembly from tribrach frequently,
it is necessary to fix the tribrach clamp by fixed screw to avoid the disassembly
by accident.
Screw out the fixed screw by driver to fix the clamp.
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NOTE:
These designs, figures and specifications are subject to change
without notice. We shall not be held liable for damages resulting from
errors in this instruction manual.
CHAMPION INSTRUMENTS,LLC
Tel:
Fax:
770.695.3361
770.695.0803
E-mail: [email protected] Instruments.com.cn
Address: 4317 Park Drive Suite 200, Norcross, GA 30093
Web Site: http://www.championinstruments.com
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