Agilent Network Analyzer Selection Guide

Agilent Network Analyzer Selection Guide
Agilent
Network Analyzer
Selection Guide
Network Analyzers
to Meet Your Needs
Agilent offers a variety of network analyzers with the frequency,
performance, and versatility to meet your measurement needs.
To help you determine which network analyzer is right for you,
this selection guide provides an overview and side-by-side
comparison of all our network analyzers. In addition, you will
find a discussion of the typical network analyzer applications, the
measurement needs of each, and how Agilent network analyzers
meet those needs.
FieldFox RF Analyzers (2 MHz to 6 GHz)
ENA series (5 Hz to 20 GHz)
PNA-L (300 kHz to 50 GHz)
PNA microwave (10 MHz to 67 GHz)
PNA-X (10 MHz to 67 GHz)
PNA/PNA-X millimeter wave (10 MHz to 110 GHz)
with optional coverage up to 1.05 THz
Frequency coverage for Agilent network analyzers
5
Hz
100
kHz
1
10
MHz MHz
NOTE: The 8510, 871x, 8753, 8757, and 872x network analyzers have been discontinued.
Visit www.agilent.com/find/na for more information about the latest network analyzer products
and www.agilent.com/find/nadisco for discontinued models and migration guides.
2
1
GHz
10
GHz
100 1.05
GHz THz
Table of Contents
Network Analyzer Overview
RF network analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
LF-RF network analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
RF/Microwave network analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Microwave network analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Millimeter-wave network analyzers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Research and development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Manufacturing test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Filter and duplexer measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Multiport and balanced testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Mixer and amplifier measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Related RF Network Analyzer Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Specifications and Feature Comparison
FieldFox .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
ENA 6 series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
ENA 7 series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
PNA-L and PNA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
PNA-X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
PNA/PNA-X millimeter wave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Information Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3
Network Analyzer Overview
RF network analyzers
4 GHz to 6 GHz
World's Most Integrated
Handheld RF Analyzers
FieldFox RF analyzer
N9912A
FieldFox RF vector network
analyzer
N9923A
FieldFox RF Analyzers are integrated
handheld instruments for wireless network installation and maintenance, and
aerospace and defense applications in the
field.
Key measurements
• Cable and antenna test (distance to
fault, return loss, etc.)
• Insertion loss and transmission
measurement
• Power meter with USB power sensor
• S21 and S11, Smith and polar chart
displays
• Vector voltmeter
Unique to N9912A
• Spectrum analyzer, interference analyzer
• Spectrogram and waterfall displays
• Channel power, adjacent channel
power, and occupied bandwidth
• AM/FM tune and listen
Unique to N9923A
• All four S-parameters, magnitude and
phase
• Full 2-port cal
• 2-channel vector voltmeter, A/B
and B/A
N9912A FieldFox RF Analyzer
N9923A FieldFox RF VNA
Features
• Lightweight, 6.2 lbs or 2.8 kg, battery operated
• No fans, no vents, display viewable indoors and outdoors, MIL class 2
compliance with no exceptions
• Built-in QuickCal technology enables calibration without a cal kit
• Calibrated at test port with CalReady
• LAN, USB, and SD card slot for data transfer and storage, SCPI programmable
www.agilent.com/find/fieldfox
4
Network Analyzer Overview
RF network analyzers
1.5 GHz/3 GHz
Economy RF Network Analyzer
for Manufacturing
ENA series network analyzers
E5061B RF NA option
The Agilent E5061B is a member of the
ENA series network analyzers and its RF
NA options (Option 115, 135, 215, 235, 117,
137, 217 and 237) are successor to the
E5061A and E5062A low-cost basic RF network analyzer.
The E5061B RF NA options provide highperformance 1- and 2-port network analysis
at an affordable price. The established RF
performance of the E5061A/E5062A has
been integrated into this new digital platform. A wide variety of test set options
allows you to select the best configuration
to suite your test requirements and budget.
Enhanced digital processing capabilities
and a smaller footprint improve the
throughput and efficiency for testing RF
components, including cellular BTS
filters/antennas, MRI coils, RFIDs, CATV
components, and more.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
100 kHz to 1.5 GHz/3 GHz
S-parameter test set or Transmission/Reflection test set
50 Ω or 75 Ω system impedance
Time domain/fault location analysis (Option 010)
Frequency and test set upgrade options available
www.agilent.com/find/ena
5
Network Analyzer Overview
LF-RF network analyzer
5 Hz to 3 GHz
NA plus ZA in one box
ENA series network analyzers
E5061B-3L5 LF-RF NA option
The Agilent E5061B-3L5 LF-RF network
analyzer offers versatile network analysis
in a broad frequency range from 5 Hz to
3 GHz. Comprehensive LF network measurement capabilities including the 1 MΩ
inputs and advanced functionalities such
as the DC bias source have been seamlessly integrated into this high-performance RF network analyzer.
By adding Option 005 impedance analysis
(ZA) firmware, you can measure impedance parameters of electronic components with the E5061B-3L5. The combination of NA and ZA capabilities further
enhances the analyzer’s versatility as a
general R&D tool. Basic ZA functionalities
including fixture compensation and equivalent circuit analysis are fully covered
with Option 005.
With the broad frequency coverage and
versatile measurement capabilities including the optional ZA function, the E5061B3L5 LF-RF network analyzer comprehensively supports your component and circuit evaluations from 5 Hz to 3 GHz.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
5 Hz to 3 GHz
S-parameter test port (5 Hz to 3 GHz, 50 Ω)
Gain-phase test port (5 Hz to 30 MHz, 1 MΩ/50 Ω inputs)
DC bias source (up to ±40 Vdc)
Impedance analysis function (Option 005)
www.agilent.com/find/ena
6
Network Analyzer Overview
RF/Microwave network analyzers
4.5 GHz/6.5 GHz/8.5 GHz/14 GHz/20 GHz
Industry Standard for RF Network
Analysis
ENA series network analyzers
E5071C
The Agilent E5071C ENA series network
analyzers offers fast, accurate measurements for multiport components such as
duplexers and couplers. Up to four built-in
test ports are available in the E5071C (4.5,
6.5, 8.5, 14, and 20 GHz).
The E5071C offers a built-in balanced measurement capability, which enables you to
test advanced handset components such
as balanced SAW filters. It provides mixedmode S-parameter measurements with a
fixture simulator function that includes
matching circuit embedding, fixture deembedding and impedance conversion
capabilities.
In addition, the E5071C provides frequencyoffset mode to characterize your mixers
and converters accurately.
For efficient measurements in manufacturing use the built-in Microsoft® Visual Basic
for Application (VBA) and quickly develop
test routines or automation programs. In
addition, the parts-handler interface makes
it easy to integrate the ENA into an automation system and enables fast communication.
These integrated measurement capabilities
provide the lowest test cost per component
and dramatically improve test throughput
of multiport and balanced components.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
9/100 kHz to 4.5/6.5/8.5 GHz, 300 kHz to 14/20 GHz
123 dB dynamic range and 0.004 dB rms trace noise (70 kHz IFBW)
8753x successor for general purpose use
2- or 4-port measurements with full port calibration
Built-in balanced measurement capability
Expandable with multiport test sets (E5092A)
Built-in Visual Basic for Applications (VBA)
Optional advanced mixer and converters with frequency offset mode
Optional advanced characterization of high-speed serial interconnects with
enhanced time domain analysis
• Optional removable hard disk drive
• Optional electronic calibration (ECal) module simplifies and speeds your
calibration process
• Hardware and software upgrade paths available
www.agilent.com/find/ena
7
Network Analyzer Overview
RF network analyzers
4.5 GHz/8.5 GHz
ENA with Configurable Test Set
ENA series network analyzers
E5072A
The Agilent E5072A (available as either a
2 port, 30 kHz to 4.5 GHz or 8.5 GHz) provides a more flexible platform with
enhanced capabilities to meet evolving
measurement needs for a wide range of
applications. The E5072A with a configurable test set provides access to the signal
paths between the internal source, receivers, bridges, and the analyzer’s test ports,
which improves instrument sensitivity as
well as the ability to add components or
peripherals for a variety of applications.
The E5072A delivers new standards in versatility, speed and accuracy, and is suitable
for full performance characterization of
passive and active components; such as
antennas, filters, and high-power
amplifiers.
Carrying on the ENA series tradition, the
E5072A has all the advantages of the
industry-standard RF network analyzer
(E5071C) and is designed for the most
demanding requirements from R&D and
manufacturing. The E5072A is versatile,
fast, and fully compatible — an all-in-one
solution at an affordable price.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Configurable test set
Wide output power
High receiver sensitivity
Fast throughput
Compatible with 8753ES and E5071C
Optional time-domain and frequency-offset capabilities
Optional removable hard disk drive
www.agilent.com/find/ena
8
Network Analyzer Overview
RF/Microwave network analyzers
6 GHz/13.5 GHz/20 GHz/40 GHz/50 GHz
New Standard for General Purpose
Network Analysis
PNA-L network analyzers
N5230C
The PNA-L is designed for your generalpurpose network analysis needs and priced
for your budget. Advanced features help
you work quickly, easily, and accurately.
With the same firmware as the PNA, the
PNA-L offers the perfect balance of value
and performance.
The PNA-L is available with frequency
coverage from 300 kHz to 6 and 13.5 GHz,
10 MHz to 20, 40, or 50 GHz and offers
capabilities that can dramatically increase
your design and test efficiency. 4-port models
are also available from 300 kHz to 13.5 or
20 GHz. The Windows® operating system
provides the ability to expand the instrument's connectivity and provides tools for
maximum flexibility. From the Windows
desktop you can install measurement
tools, which reduce the need for a dedicated
PC. Use embedded Help to quickly refer to
programming and user documentation from
within the instrument. Furthermore,
COM/DCOM programming provides a powerful automation environment.
The enhanced user interface, crisp display
with touch screen, and flexible remote
interfaces maximize productivity in design
and production environments.
Features
• Measurement speeds as fast as 4 to 9 µs per point
• Superior performance and advanced connectivity compared to our 872x
network analyzers
• Optional built-in second source (4-port models only)
• Optional time-domain and frequency-offset capabilities
• Optional electronic calibration (ECal) modules allow you to calibrate 10 times
faster than mechanical calibration
• Up to 32 independent measurements channels
www.agilent.com/find/pnal
PNA-L provides efficiency and flexibility in
both manufacturing and R&D applications
for industries ranging from Wireless LAN
components to Aerospace & Defense.
9
Network Analyzer Overview
Microwave network analyzers
20 GHz/40 GHz/50 GHz/67 GHz
High-Performance Microwave
Measurements
PNA microwave network
analyzer
E8361/2/3/4C
The Agilent E8361/2/3/4C are the
microwave frequency models from the
PNA series of network analyzers. These
models offer an unsurpassed combination
of high performance, speed, and outstanding
interconnectivity capabilities to meet the
challenges of component testing.
The microwave PNA network analyzers cover
10 MHz to 20, 40, 50 and 67 GHz frequency
ranges with excellent accuracy. These
analyzers are suitable for high-performance
microwave devices, such as satellite communication components. They offer 123 dB
dynamic range at the test ports and 136 dB
with direct receiver access. They also provide
TRL/LRM calibration capability for in-fixture
and on-wafer devices. In addition, the
receiver architecture enables frequencyoffset mode to characterize your mixers
and converters. The configurable test set
allows you to connect external test sets
easily and make accurate multiport
measurements.
The enhanced user interface, crisp display
with touch screen, and flexible remote
interfaces maximize productivity in design
and production environments.
Features
•
•
•
•
136 dB dynamic range with direct receiver access
Expandability with configurable test set
Optional advanced mixer and converter test
Optional electronic calibration (ECal) modules allow you to calibrate 10 times
faster than mechanical calibration
• Optional antenna and pulsed-RF measurements
www.agilent.com/find/pna
The Windows operating system provides
the ability to expand the instrument's
connectivity and provides tools for maximum
flexibility. In addition, from the Windows
desktop you can install measurement tools,
which reduce the need for a dedicated PC,
and use on-line Help to quickly refer to
programming and user documentation.
Furthermore, COM/DCOM provides a
powerful automation function. These
functions can increase your design and
test efficiency dramatically.
10
Network Analyzer Overview
Microwave network analyzers
13.5 GHz/26.5 GHz/43.5 GHz/50 GHz /67 GHz
Premier-Performance and Versatility
for Active Device Tests
PNA-X microwave
network analyzer
N5241A
N5242A
N5244A
N5245A
N5247A
The Agilent PNA-X premier-performance
network analyzers are designed for high
performance active device tests that help
you minimize design iterations, test system
integration, and significantly simplifies test
processes. The industry-leading performance
and highly integrated, configurable nature of
the PNA-X makes it the ideal solution for
comprehensive network analysis and tests.
The PNA-X is available with frequency range
of 10 MHz to 13.5, 26.5, 43.5, and 50 and
67 GHz, and offers 2- or 4-port models. The
PNA-X’s very low harmonics internal source
is ideal for active device characterization, and
delivers the highest accuracy. The optional
second internal source (standard for 4-port
model) together with internal combining
network allows fast swept intermodulation
distortion measurements for amplifiers.
Internal path switches and rear access
loops provide maximum flexibility for
integrating signal conditioning components
or external instruments, and turn the PNA-X
into a test hub for a single-connection
multiple-measurement (SCMM) solution.
The noise figure measurement option
employs an innovative error-correction
technique and delivers the most accurate
noise figure measurements in the market.
The enhanced user interface, large and
crisp display with touch screen, and flexible
remote interfaces maximize productivity in
design and production environments.
The award winning nonlinear vector network
analyzer application provides a critical leap
in technology to go beyond S-parameters,
allowing you to efficiently and accurately
analyze and design active devices under
real world operating conditions.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
Integrated 2- or 4-port with balanced measurements
130 dB dynamic range, 32 channels, 32,001 points
Second internal source (optional for 2-port model)
Optional combining network for two-tone measurements
Optional path switches for SCMM
Optional rear access loops for signal conditioning or external instruments
Application options
• Nonlinear vector network analyzer (NVNA) application including:
- nonlinear component characterization
- X-parameters1
- nonlinear pulse envelope domain
• Noise figure
• Gain compression
• Intermodulation and harmonic distortion
• Pulsed RF- wide and narrow pulse width
www.agilent.com/find/pnax
1. X-parameters is a trademark of Agilent Technologies
11
Network Analyzer Overview
Millimeter-wave network analyzers
110 GHz
N5247A PNA-X Based Single Sweep
Solution (10 MHz to 110 GHz)
PNA-X millimeter wave
network analyzers
This configuration of the millimeter-wave
network analyzer is based on the N5247A
PNA-X network analyzer. It allows both a
single sweep measurement solution that
starts at 10 MHz, up to 110 GHz. This
solution is a direct replacement for the
8510XF with improved performance. In
particular, an added capability to control
and use receiver leveling allows you to set
the power accurately at the 1.0 mm test
port. Architecturally very similar to the
existing N5250C system but is configurable
as separate components that include the
N5247A PNA-X, either a 2 or 4 port test set
controller, and the appropriate frequency
extenders as needed.
Features
• Frequency Range: 10 MHz to 110 GHz
• Dynamic Range > 110 dB, without the need for external RF and LO sources
• Built-in Kelvin bias tee on combiners which brings the bias signal close to the
device being measured
• Industry leading stability, less the 1% drift over a 24 hour period
• Mechanical attenuation of 25 to 30 dB available for above 67 GHz on either port
1 or 2 for high power device measurements
• Removing the combiners converts the system to extend W-band waveguide
system for the measurements from 67 GHz to 110 GHz
• Modules fully supported by Cascade probe stations and Agilent accessories to
easily connect to probes
• Utilizes Agilent’s patented weight least squares calibration method in 1.0 mm
for industry leading accuracy
• Provides two and four port S-parameter measurements from 10 MHz to
110 GHz in a single sweep
• Full power control over the entire frequency range down to as low as 50 dBm
• Receiver leveling to maintain accurate power across the entire frequency range
• Broad power sweeps across the entire frequency range
• Supports true differential measurements across the frequency range
• Supports scalar mixer measurements
• Integrated pulse measurement capability
www.agilent.com/find/mmwave
12
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Research and development
Network analysis and more
S-parameter measurements are the most common measurement parameters for network
analysis. However, if you only need to measure transmission or reflection characteristics, you
might consider a network analyzer with a T/R test set to help manage costs. In some cases, you
might want to make additional types of measurements like absolute power, spectrum, impedance, time-domain and pulsed-RF. Time-domain and pulsed-RF measurements are often used
for R&D activities to evaluate filters or high-power devices, respectively. Agilent’s network
analyzers offer a wide range of capabilities — providing you with convenient and costeffective solutions tailored to your measurement needs. Nonlinear component analysis
and X-parameters, in conjunction with ADS design and simulation tools, minimize design
iterations, speed simulation and deterministically model the nonlinear behavior of active
components.
Connector types and calibration accuracy
In an actual measurement environment, your devices might not have coaxial connectors,
such as when you perform on-wafer measurements, or your devices might not have
insertable connector types. In either case, it is difficult to perform an accurate calibration, which will affect measurement accuracy. Agilent network analyzers have various
calibration functions, such as TRL, adapter-removal calibration, unknown thru, and
embedding/de-embedding to ensure measurement accuracy in these types of situations.
TRL enables our network analyzers to perform accurate on-wafer or in-fixture measurements. Adapter-removal calibration, unknown thru, or our electronic calibration (ECal)
modules make it possible to perform calibration for non-insertable coaxial connectors.
Embedding/de-embedding allows for the mathematical removal of fixtures. These
functions will help you produce accurate measurements.
Expanding your system or using
measurement data to write reports
Automation capabilities are critical for making complex component measurements. Internal
and external programming capabilities like Visual Basic and Agilent VEE make it easier to
develop automation programs and even control other instruments as a system.
Another common, time-consuming task for R&D engineers is incorporating analysis data into
simulations and reports. Agilent network analyzers provide linkages to design tools such
as Advanced Design System (ADS), that let you simulate and analyze a system without hardware — saving you valuable time and money. In addition, many of our network analyzers are
compatible with IntuiLink Connectivity Software, which enables you to easily incorporate
measurement results into Microsoft applications.
www.agilent.com/eesof-eda
VEE: www.agilent.com/find/vee
IntuiLink: www.agilent.com/find/intuilink
ECal: www.agilent.com/find/ecal
NVNA: www.agilent.com/find/NVNA
ADS:
13
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Research and development
Research and development
FieldFox
N9912A N9923A
E5061B
ENA series
E5061B E5071C
PNA-L
PNA-X
E5072A
RF option LF-RF option
PNA MW PNA/PNA-X
millimeter
wave
Basic measurements
S-parameters
Transmission and reflection with T/R test set
Gain-phase test port with 1 Mohm input
X-parameters
Absolute power
Spectrum analyzer function
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TRL calibration (on-wafer measurement)
Waveguide measurements
Non-insertable devices 4
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Adapter-removal calibration using
mechanical calibration
SOLR (unknown thru) using
mechanical calibration or ECal
Different connector types supported by ECal
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Applications
Gain compression
Intermodulation and harmonic distortion
True mode differential
Nonlinear component characterization
Nonlinear pulse envelope domain
Time-domain mode/gating
Frequency-offset mode
TOI and harmonics
Noise figure measurements
Pulsed-RF: wide and narrow pulse width
Frequency conversion application
Scalar-calibrated converter measurements
Antenna
Materials measurement
Signal integrity
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Programming and connectivity
Windows-OS
LAN interface
Internal programming capability 11
ADS linkage
VEE linkage
IntuiLink
LXI compliance
Display touch screen
USB for mass storage
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Functions up to 67 GHz.
Option 087 intermodulation distortion measurements provides spectrum-analyzer-like display
for use with IMD measurements.
For example, on-wafer, in-fixture, or waveguide applications.
A non-insertable device is a device that cannot be inserted in place of a zero- length through.
For example, a device that has the same connectors on both ports (type and sex) or different
types of connectors on each port (for example, waveguide on one port and coaxial on the
another).
The source and receiver calibrations are not available. For trace normalization, use Data/
Memory math function since the response calibration is not applicable to absolute traces.
ECal modules do not cover the whole frequency range of the E5061B. Check whether the
frequency range of each ECal module meets your measurement needs.
ENA option TDR provides a one-box solution for high-speed serial interconnect design and
verification, with three breakthroughs; simple and intuitive, fast measurements, and ESD
robustness.
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Physical Layer Test System 2012 supports the 4- port versions of the E5070A/B and E5071A/
B/C ENA and is the industry standard for R&D interconnect design with MATLAB
compatibility, automatic fixture removal and excess reactance measurements.
Closed environment, which does not allow access to a Windows desktop operating system.
Wide pulse only.
Includes integrated programming language such as Visual Basic for Applications®, and ability
of open Windows environments to install programming languages into analyzers.
S11 vector and S21 scalar.
85070E Dielectric Probe Kit only.
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Manufacturing test
Optional electronic calibration (ECal) modules for
easy, accurate calibration
Unlike the traditional mechanical calibration technique, Agilent's ECal modules only require
one set of connections to perform full 2-, 3-, or 4-port calibration. Controlled through the
front panel USB port, and requiring only one set of connections, ECal drastically simplifies
the calibration process for non-technical operators.
An ENA or PNA controls the ECal module to perform the entire calibration, providing:
• faster calibration and reduced complexity
• reduced chance of operator error
• reduced wear on connectors
Sweep and data analysis
Total measurement speed can be divided into several different components such as sweep
speed, display processing, data analysis, and data transfer. In low-volume manufacturing, the
data analysis and display speeds are unimportant. After the measurement, a limit test or a
marker function is typically used. Conversely, in high-volume manufacturing the sweep
speed and data analysis speed are important. In many cases, analysis needs to be done
quickly using internal programming capability or waveform analysis commands, and the analyzer must send pass/fail results to an automated system. In both cases, the sweep speed
can be maximized using segment sweep. For automation, you can choose from a variety of
Windows-compatible programming environments like VBA, VB or Agilent VEE. In case you
want to transfer all data to an external computer quickly, COM/DCOM provides a seamless
environment between your instruments and external computers.
Communication interfaces
It is becoming more common to have a LAN interface in test and measurement instruments.
A LAN is convenient to send data from your manufacturing line to your office, or to
monitor measurement status, or have a central data server, or use network printers.
For high-volume automation applications, fast communication with an automated handler
system is important. A parts handler interface is commonly used for this purpose. It has a
dedicated pin assignment in the I/O interface so that triggers measurement-end status,
and limit-test results are communicated quickly between the instrument and the automated
handler system.
15
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Manufacturing test
Manufacturing test
FieldFox
N9912A N9923A
E5061B
ENA series
E5061B E5071C
PNA-L
PNA-X
E5072A
RF option LF-RF option
PNA MW PNA/PNA-X
millimeter
wave
Programming
Internal programming capability 1
Fast data transfer 2
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Calibration
Adapter-removal calibration 3
SOLR (unknown thru) using
mechanical calibration or ECal
ECal support
●
Measurement and analysis
Segment sweep 6
Pass/fail testing
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Embedding and de-embedding 7
Waveform analysis command 8
Interface
LAN
I/O port
Parts handler interface 9
VGA output
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
●
●
Includes integrated programming language such as Visual Basic for Applications, and ability of open Windows environments to install programming languages into analyzers.
COM or DCOM provides faster data transfer than GPIB.
The calibration technique used for non-insertable devices such as those with the same connectors on input and output ports.
Usable at the frequency range of >300 kHz (2-port ECal modules) or >9 kHz (N4431B 4-port ECal module). ECal user characterization function is not usable for the 4-port
ECal module with the 2-port ENA series network analyzers.
Functions up to 67 GHz.
Segment sweep includes sweep types that are known as list and fast-swept list.
Functions to embed or de-embed a fixture's characteristics.
Programming commands to quickly retrieve parameters of filters and resonators.
The parts handler interface is an I/O-port specialized for communication with an automatic parts handler system.
16
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Filter and duplexer measurements
Dynamic range, IF bandwidth and sweep time
Dynamic range requirements vary among applications. Agilent offers a variety of network
analyzers with different dynamic ranges in different frequency ranges. For wide dynamic
range, Agilent's PNA series offers a configurable test set that bypasses the couplers and
improves dynamic range by approximately 15 dB. The PNA series offers 122 dB dynamic
range at test port. In addition, many analyzers offer segment sweep — a convenient
function that manages dynamic range and sweep speed. This function enables you to set
different IFBWs for the passband or rejection band, and the sweep speed can be
optimized for your measurement needs.
Calibration for filter testing
Agilent network analyzers provide various functions that help you perform efficient, accurate
filter evaluations, which can help shorten your design cycles. For instance, the adapter
removal calibration functions make it possible to accurately calibrate non-insertable devices.
Interpolated calibration is convenient if the measurement frequency is unknown.
Time domain, multiport, and balanced
measurement capabilities for advanced devices
Today’s wireless devices require test instruments that have advanced measurement
functionality. For example, a time-domain function is needed to easily tune coupled-cavityresonator bandpass filters. Duplexer or front-end modules for handsets often require
multiport and balanced measurement capabilities. For more details on multiport and
balanced testing, see page 20.
17
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Filter and duplexer measurements
Filter and duplexer measurements
FieldFox
N9912A N9923A
E5061B
ENA series
E5061B E5071C
PNA-L
PNA-X
E5072A
RF option LF-RF option
PNA MW PNA/PNA-X
millimeter
wave
Dynamic range
Wide dynamic range 1
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Direct receiver access to obtain widest
possible dynamic range
Calibration
Adapter-removal calibration 3
SOLR (unknown thru) using
mechanical calibration or ECal
Interpolated calibration
●
●
Measurement and analysis
Segment sweep 2
Four-parameter display
Marker statistics function 3
Other functions
Time domain mode/gating
Balanced measurement capability 4
Multiport measurement capability 4
Handheld/portable
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
●
●
Wide dynamic range is defined as 120 dB or better for RF analyzers and greater than 90 dB for microwave analyzers.
Segment sweep includes sweep types that are known as list and fast swept list.
Obtains real-time calculations of device characteristics such as maximum/minimum, center frequency, and 3 dB bandwidth.
For more details about balanced and multiport tests, see page 20.
An external test set may be required to achieve these functionalities.
18
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Multiport and balanced testing
Multiport testing for communication components
Many modern components have more than two ports. In order to test these devices
efficiently, network analyzers with multiple ports are required. Agilent offers numerous
multiport instruments for you to choose from. One example is the Agilent ENA series.
ENA, PNA-L and PNA-X have optional built-in four-port measurement capability — enabling
fast and accurate multiport measurements from 9 kHz to 67 GHz.
Calibration for multiport measurements
E5071C ENA network analyzer with
E5092A configurable multiport test set
When doing multiport measurements, you need to use the proper calibration method to
achieve accurate measurements. Agilent offers a three-, four-, or N-port full calibration
function together with multiport measurement capability. Four-port ECal modules are
available as well, so that calibration can be done easily and quickly. When it is not possible to
place coaxial connectors on your design, Agilent provides multiport TRL and LRM
calibration techniques, as well as two- and four-port de-embedding to ensure accuracy for
balanced or on-wafer measurements.
Balanced measurements for balanced components
Balanced components are commonly used in communications devices to maintain RF
signal quality. The ENA has a built-in balanced capability to make fast and easy balanced
measurements. It also has a fixture simulation function, including matching circuit
embedding/de-embedding and impedance conversion capabilities. These capabilities are
also available on the 4-port PNA-L and PNA-X. The 4-port PNA-X provides the most accurate
true differential measurements with Option 460.
For more details, visit www.agilent.com/find/multiport
4-port, 20 GHz PNA-L with high-power
test set
www.agilent.com/find/balanced
www.agilent.com/find/multiport
www.agilent.com/find/plts
19
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Multiport and balanced testing
Multiport and balanced devices
FieldFox
N9912A N9923A
E5061B
ENA series
E5061B E5071C
PNA-L
PNA-X
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E5072A
RF option LF-RF option
PNA MW PNA/PNA-X
millimeter
wave
Multiport measurements
Built-in 4-port measurement capability
Multiport measurement capability with
external test set 1
Multiport calibration
Full 4-port calibration
Full N-port calibration
●2
Balanced measurement
Built-in balanced measurement capability
Balanced measurement capability with
external test set 3
Fixture simulation/embedding and
de-embedding
True differential measurements
●
●
●
●
●
1. Refer to Test Solutions for Multiport and Balanced Devices brochure (literature number 5988-2461EN available on the www.agilent.com/find/multiport Web site) for more details.
2. Available only when used with external test sets and Option 550 or 551.
3. The external test set and software are available with either Option 55x or the Physical Layer Test System (PLTS). For more details on PLTS, refer to the Agilent Physical Layer
Test Systems Data Sheet (literature number 5988-5288EN) available on the PLTS Web site: www.agilent.com/find/plts
20
Measurement Solutions for Your Applications
Mixer and converter measurements
Measurement challenges
Frequency-translation devices such as mixers, converters, and tuners are critical components
in most RF and microwave communication systems. They present unique measurement
challenges because their input and output frequencies are different. Network analyzers
used for testing these devices need to have a frequency-offset mode to detect output
frequencies different from the input.
Improved accuracy with advanced
measurement techniques
The PNA Frequency Converter
Application simplifies set up and
calibration for advanced mixer
measurements such as absolute
phase and group delay.
Agilent offers the scalar-mixer calibration, which corrects mismatch errors between the
analyzer and the device under test, and provides the most accurate conversion loss
measurements in the market. This eliminates external pads and minimizes connector
ware and tear due to different padding layouts required for different measurements.
The Frequency Converter Application (FCA) is another Agilent unique solution. It includes
an easy-to-use graphical user interface and vector-mixer calibration that enables absolute
group delay measurements without extensive knowledge. You can accurately measure
delay characteristics of your devices and no longer need to rely on a “golden” mixer.
Further more, the Embedded LO Measurements capability works with FCA, and allows the
measurement receiver to be tuned at IF frequencies without accessing the LO of the device.
With this technique, you can reduce the error significantly from absolute group delay
measurements, even though there is no access to the LO or reference clock of your devices.
Comprehensive mixer/converter measurements
with PNA-X
The PNA-X drives mixers with two
internal sources, making multiple
measurements with a single connection.
The PNA-X offers various advanced capabilities that simplify mixer/converter measurements significantly. The two internal sources drive RF and LO ports without an external
signal generator. The built-in combining network combines the two tones internally for
IMD measurements 1, and internal path switches allow switching between conversion
loss and IMD measurements or even external instruments, without disconnecting the
device from the PNA-X’s test ports. This dramatically reduces measurement complexity
and improves test productivity.
Measurement versatility with ENA
The ENA offers the frequency-offset mode (FOM) that provides frequency-offset
sweep, external signal source control, and fixed IF/RF measurement capabilities. The
ENA FOM option supports both scalar – and vector – mixer calibrations with inherited
mixer measurement techniques from the microwave PNA. These measurement techniques are key to making extremely accurate measurements. Also, this option provides
harmonics measurement capabilities for non-linear devices such as amplifies, semiconductor switches, and front-end modules.
The ENA Frequency-Offset Mode
offers vector mixer calibration
technique that enables you to
perform accurate absolute
group delay measurements for
frequency-translating devices.
1. Mixer/converter IMD measurements require an external signal source.
21
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Mixer and converter measurements
Mixer measurements
FieldFox
N9912A N9923A
E5061B
ENA series
E5061B E5071C
PNA-L
PNA-X
E5072A
RF option LF-RF option
PNA MW PNA/PNA-X
millimeter
wave
Measurement and analysis
Magnitude measurement 1
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Phase measurement
Relative phase
Absolute phase
3-port measurements 3
Power sweep
Embedded LO measurements
Internal dual-source
External source control
Calibration
Power meter calibration
3-port calibration
Scalar mixer calibration
Vector mixer calibration
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
●
●
●
●
●
Frequency-offset modes of the ENA and PNA series let the source and receiver operate at different frequencies. Both magnitude and phase measurements can be made.
Functions available only on a stand-alone PNA, up to 67 GHz. Requires disconnecting mm-wave controller.
For LO return loss and LO to RF/IF leak measurements with single connection.
Requires an external test set and 4-port measurement option.
Supports one external signal source.
22
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Amplifier measurements
Measurement challenges
Agilent network analyzers can be used to easily measure commonly specified amplifier
parameters such as gain, gain and phase compression, isolation, return loss, and group delay. The power sweep function is often required to make amplifi er measurements, and
harmonic distortion is commonly used to understand an amplifier’s nonlinear behavior. It
requires the receiver to be tuned at a different frequency from the source, and the analyzer
needs wide frequency coverage. Additional instruments and signal conditioning devices may
be required for testing with two-tone, higher input and output power, or for other types of
measurements including noise figure, ACP, and EVM. As a result, the test system becomes
complicated or requires multiple stations.
The integrated and flexible nature
of PNA-X simplifies amplifier
measurements.
Highly integrated, more accurate amplifier
measurements with PNA-X
The PNA-X employs very clean signal sources, which minimizes harmonics and IMD
measurement errors. The built-in combining network with two internal sources eliminates
external components and cable wear, which makes two-tone measurements much faster
and simpler. The internal switches and RF access loops maximize the flexibility to add signal
conditioning devices and to switch one measurement to another without disconnecting the
device from the analyzer.
Agilent’s nonlinear vector network analyzer application adds powerful capabilities, X-parameters,
nonlinear component characterization, and nonlinear pulse envelope domain.
The integrated pulse generators/modulators with pulse measurement application software
increase measurement speed, simplify the test setup, and provide full pulse measurement
capabilities such as average pulse, point-in-pulse and pulse-profiling. It can be configured as a
uni- or bi-directional pulsed measurement system.
Fully error-corrected amplifier gain
(S21), gain and phase compression,
IMD, and source-correct noise figure,
performed with a single connection
between the amplifier and network
analyzer.
Integrated noise figure measurements with
industry-leading accuracy
The PNA-X's unique noise-figure calibration technique uses an ECal module as an impedance tuner
to remove the effects of imperfect system source match, providing accurate measurements of
50-ohm noise figure. Measurement accuracy surpasses standalone Y-factor-based noise figure
analyzers or spectrum-analyzer-based solutions. With a single connection to the amplifier, the
PNA-X network analyzer offers fast, high-accuracy measurements of S-parameters, noise figure,
gain and phase compression, IMD, harmonics, and more.
Evolving standard, ENA’s enriched versatility
In addition to the highest measurement performance and richest capability in its class,
the ENA provides the external test set mode for high power amplifier measurements.
Attenuators for high gain amplifiers and other signal conditioning devices can be placed
behind the external couplers so that the system is appropriately calibrated. The ENA’s DC
measurement capability enables power added efficiency (PAE) measurements in parallel
with RF measurements.
Power meter calibration
For both mixer and amplifier testing, power meter calibration provides leveled absolute power
to devices that are sensitive to absolute input or output levels. This function automatically
controls power meters to set the power anywhere in the test setup with power meter accuracy,
or to calibrate the network analyzer’s receivers for accurate absolute-power measurements.
23
Measurement Solutions for Your Application
Amplifier measurements
FieldFox
N9912A N9923A
E5061B
ENA series
E5061B E5071C
PNA-L
PNA-X
●
●
●
E5072A
RF option LF-RF option
PNA MW PNA/PNA-X
millimeter
wave
Basic measurements
Gain, return loss, isolation
Compression, AM-PM conversion
Automated gain compression
High power measurements
High output power 1
Source attenuator
Receiver attenuator
Connection loop before reference path
Configurable test set
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Harmonic measurements
Frequency-offset mode
Analyzer source harmonics 4
Receiver attenuator
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Intermodulation distortion measurements
Frequency-offset mode
Second internal source
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Internal combining network
Simplified swept-IMD setup
Noise figure
Hot-S22
DC inputs for power added efficiency
Internal DC bias source
Internal bias-tee
Nonlinear vector network analyzer applications
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X-parameters
Nonlinear component characterization
Nonlinear pulse envelop domain
Multi-tone component characterization
Two-tone X-parameters
Three port devices; mixers, etc.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
High output power is defined as greater than +13 dBm for leveled power output.
Requires Option 44x, 48x or 4K5 to use external test set mode.
Available up to 67 GHz.
2nd and 3rd harmonics of the internal source are significantly lower than 20 to 30 dBc.
High and low setting only.
Requires Option xx5.
24
Related Network Analyzer Products
Electronic calibration (ECal) modules
ECal is a precision, single-connection calibration technique for Agilent
vector network analyzers. Agilent ECal modules are fully traceable
and verifiable against electronic impedance standards and can simplify your daily calibration routine. RF ECal modules are available for
Type N-50, N-75, 7 mm, 3.5 mm, Type F, and 7-16 (300 kHz to 13.5
GHz) connectors. Modules are available in microwave frequency
ranges from 300 kHz to 67 GHz for 7 mm, Type N-50, 3.5 mm, 2.92
mm, 2.4 mm and 1.85 mm. 4-port modules are available in 13.5 and
20 GHz frequency ranges.
www.agilent.com/find/ecal
85070E Dielectric Probe Kit
85071E Materials Measurement Software
85072A Split Cylinder Resonator
Trust Agilent to deliver leading-edge techniques for measuring
dielectric and magnetic properties of materials. The new 10 GHz Split
Cylinder Resonator measures complex permittivity and loss tangent of
thin films, un-clad substrates, and other low loss sheet materials as
part of a turn key solution for IPC standard TM 650 2.5.5.13. The
Materials Measurement Software automates a variety of techniques
across a wide frequency span, including transmission line, free space,
NRL arch and resonant cavity. The Dielectric Probe Kit offers hardware and software for measuring complex permittivity of liquids and
conformable solids from 200 MHz to 50 GHz.
Measuring electromagnetic properties of materials is critical in all
stages of a products lifecycle: design, incoming inspection, process
monitoring and quality assurance. Agilent sets the measurement
standard with 20 years experience and innovative new products.
www.agilent.com/find/materials
N1900B Physical Layer Test Systems (PLTS)
Agilent's PLTS solutions provide the highest accuracy and most
comprehensive tool set for model extraction and characterization of
single-ended and differential physical-layer interconnects, or balanced
RF and microwave components with frequency coverage up to 67 GHz.
These test solutions offer single-ended, balanced, and mixed-mode
measurements in both frequency and time domain, and eye-diagram
analysis with a simple to use graphical user interface.
www.agilent.com/find/plts
25
Specification and Feature Comparison
Network analyzers
FieldFox
FieldFox RF Analyzer
FieldFox RF VNA
Model number
N9912A
N9923A
Frequency range
2 MHz to 4 GHz (Option 303, 104)
2 MHz to 6 GHz (Option 303, 106)
2 MHz to 4 GHz (Option 104)
2 MHz to 6 GHz (Option 106)
Number of ports
port 1 vector, port 2 scalar
2
Balanced measurements
no
no
System impedance
50 ohms
50 ohms
System dynamic range
2 MHz to 2 GHz: 72 dB (typical)
> 2 GHz to 3 GHz: 67 dB (typical)
> 3 GHz to 5 GHz: 58 dB (typical)
> 5 GHz to 6 GHz: 49 dB (typical)
90 dB (specified)
100 dB (typical)
Power at test port
high: +5 dBm
low: –40 dB
high: +5 dBm
low: –40 dBm
Power sweep range
n/a
n/a
Sweep type
linear
linear
no
no
no
no
no
internal Quick Cal
yes
no
no
no
yes
internal Quick Cal
Measurement channels
1
1
Maximum number of data traces
4
4
Windows-OS
yes (closed CE)
yes (closed CE)
Automation
SCPI
SCPI
I/O
LAN, USB, SD Flash Card
LAN, USB, SD Flash Card
ADS linkage
no
no
Built-in source
attenuator
yes (limited to two settings:
low and high)
yes (limited to two settings:
low and high)
DC bias input
no
no
Time domain
DTF, x-axis is distance
DTF, x-axis is distance
Dir 42 dB
SM 36 dB
Refl trk 0.06 dB
Dir 42 dB
SM 36 dB
Refl trk 0.06 dB
Trace noise
n/a
0.008 dB rms < 3 GHz
Measurement speed
(1 sweep, 201 points, correction off)
return loss 1.5 ms/point (nominal)
1.75 GHz to 3.85 GHz, 1001 points, Cal ON
return loss 1.5 ms/point (nominal)
1.75 GHz to 3.85 GHz, 1001 points, Cal ON
Error correction
Full 2 port
Full 4 port
TRL
Adapter removal
SOLR
ECal support
Corrected
specifications5
1. ECal modules don’t cover the whole frequency range of the E5061B. Check whether
the frequency range of each ECal module meets your measurement needs
2. Only on 4-port models.
3. Segment includes sweep types that are known as list and fast swept list.
4. Option E5071C-xx5 (with bias tees option) is required. Minimum frequency is
100 kHz for Options x45 and x85.
5. Time domain gating is not supported.
6. Dir = directivity; SM = source match; LM = load match; Refl trk = reflection tracking;
Trans trk = transmission tracking
26
Specification and Feature Comparison
Network analyzers
ENA 6 series
ENA 6 series
ENA 6 series
Model number
E5061B RF options
E5061B LF-RF options
Frequency range
100 kHz to 1.5 GHz (Option 115, 215, 117, 217)
100 kHz to 3 GHz (Option 135, 235, 137, 237)
5 Hz to 3 GHz (S-param. port)
5 Hz to 30 MHz (gain-phase port)
Number of ports
2
2 ports and additional gain-phase port
Balanced measurements
no
no
System impedance
50 ohms or 75 ohms
50 ohms
System dynamic range
120 dB (1 MHz to 3 GHz)
120 dB (1 MHz to 3 GHz)
Power at test port
–45 to +5 dBm (at 100 kHz to 300 kHz)
–45 to +10 dBm (at 300 kHz to 3 GHz)
–45 to +10 dBm
Power sweep range
50 to 55 dB
55 dB
Sweep type
linear, log,
segment3,
linear, log, segment3, power, CW, DC bias sweep
power, CW
Error correction
yes (S-parameter test sets only)
no
no
yes
no
yes
yes
no
no
yes
no
yes1
Measurement channels
4
4
Maximum number of data traces
16
16
Windows-OS
yes
yes
Internal automation
VBA, SCPI, COM
VBA, SCPI, COM
I/O
LAN, USB, GPIB, XGA
LAN, USB, GPIB, XGA
ADS linkage
no
no
Built-in source attenuator
yes
yes
DC bias input
no
yes
Time domain
yes (with Option 010)
yes (with Option 010)
(2-port cal, 85032F type-N, 50 ohms)
Dir 46 to 49 dB
SM 40 to 41 dB
LM 46 to 49 dB
Refl trk ±0.011 to ±0.021 dB
Trans trk ±0.028 to ±0.035 dB
(2-port cal, 85032F type-N, 50 ohms)
Dir 46 to 49 dB
SM 40 to 41 dB
LM 46 to 49 dB
Refl trk ±0.011 to ±0.021 dB
Trans trk ±0.019 to ±0.026 dB
Trace noise
0.005 dB rms (1 MHz to 3 GHz)
(3 kHz BW)
0.005 dB rms (1 MHz to 3 GHz)
(3 kHz BW)
Measurement speed
(1 sweep, 201 points, correction off)
9 ms (1 GHz to 1.2 GHz, 300 kHz BW)
9 ms (1 GHz to 1.2 GHz, 300 kHz BW)
Full 2 port
Full 4 port
TRL
Adapter removal
SOLR
ECal support
Corrected
specifications5
1. ECal modules don’t cover the whole frequency range of the E5061B. Check whether
the frequency range of each ECal module meets your measurement needs.
2. Only on 4-port models.
3. Segment includes sweep types that are known as list and fast swept list.
4. Option E5071C-xx5 (with bias tees option) is required. Minimum frequency is
100 kHz for Options x45 and x85.
5. Dir = directivity; SM = source match; LM = load match; Refl trk = reflection tracking;
Trans trk = transmission tracking.
27
Specification and Feature Comparison
Network analyzers
ENA 7 series
ENA 7 series
ENA 7 series
ENA 7 series
Model number
E5071C
E5071C
E5072A
Frequency range
9 kHz to 4.5 GHz (Option 240, 440)
100 kHz to 4.5 GHz (Option 245, 445)
9 kHz to 6.5 GHz (Option 260, 460)
100 kHz to 6.5 GHz (Option 265, 465)
9 kHz to 8.5 GHz (Option 280, 480)
100 kHz to 8.5 GHz (Option 285, 485)
300 kHz to 14 GHz (Option 2D5, 4D5)
300 kHz to 20 GHz (Option 2K5, 4K5)
30 kHz to 4.5 GHz (Option 245)
30 kHz to 8.5 GHz (Option 285)
Number of ports
2 (Option 2xx) or 4 (Option 4xx)
2 (Option 2D5, 2K5) or
4 (Option 4D5, 4K5)
2 (Option 245, 285)
Balanced measurements
yes
yes
yes
System impedance
50 ohms
50 ohms
50 ohms
System dynamic range
97 to 123 dB (Option x4x, x8x)
95 dB (300 kHz to 1 MHz)
107 dB (1 to 10 MHz)
120 dB (10 to 100 MHz)
123 dB (100 MHz to 6 GHz)
117 dB (6 to 8.5 GHz)
105 dB (8.5 to 10.5 GHz)
100 dB (10.5 to 15 GHz)
96 dB (15 to 20 GHz)
107 dB (300 k to 10 MHz)
123 dB (10 M to 6 GHz)
117 dB (6 G to 8.5 GHz)
151 dB with direct receiver access
(SPD)
Power at test port
–55 to +10 dBm
(Option x4x, x8x at 5 GHz)
–85 to +10 dBm (at 6 GHz)
–85 to +3 dBm (at 15 GHz)
–85 to 0 dBm (at 20 GHz)
–85 to +16 dBm (at 3 GHz)
Power sweep range
62 to 65 dB (Option x4x, x8x)
25 to 35 dB
55 to 65 dB
Sweep type
linear, log,
segment3,
power, CW
linear, log,
segment3,
power, CW
linear, log, segment3, power, CW
Error correction
yes
yes2
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes2
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
Measurement channels
160
160
160
Maximum number of
data traces
1440 (160 channels/9 traces mode)
1440 (160 channels/9 traces mode)
1440 (160 channels/9 traces mode)
Windows-OS
yes
yes
yes
Internal automation
VBA, SCPI, COM
VBA, SCPI, COM
VBA, SCPI, COM
I/O
LAN, USB, GPIB, XGA, handler
LAN, USB, GPIB, XGA, handler
LAN, USB, GPIB, XGA, handler
ADS linkage
software driver supported
software driver supported
software driver supported
Built-in source attenuator
yes
yes
yes (for each port)
DC bias input
yes4
yes
yes
Time domain
yes (with Optiton TDR or 010)
yes (with Optiton TDR or 010)
yes (with Option 010)
Corrected specifications5
(2-port cal, 85033E 3.5 mm, 50 ohms)
Dir 38 to 46 dB
SM 36 to 43 dB
LM 38 to 46 dB
Refl trk ±0.006 to 0.010 dB
Trans trk ±0.015 to 0.079 dB
(2-port cal, 85052D 3.5 mm, 50 ohms)
Dir 36 to 42 dB
SM 28 to 37 dB
LM 36 to 42 dB
Refl trk ±0.003 to 0.008 dB
Trans trk ±0.034 to 0.208 dB
(2-port cal, 85033E 3.5 mm, 50 ohms)
Dir 38 to 46 dB
SM 36 to 43 dB
LM 38 to 46 dB
Refl trk ±0.006 to 0.010 dB
Trans trk ±0.010 to 0.079 dB
Trace noise
0.004 dB rms (10 MHz to 4.38 GHz),
(70 kHz BW)
0.004 dB rms (10 MHz to 4.38 GHz),
(70 kHz BW)
0.004 dB
Measurement speed
(1 sweep, 201 points,
correction off)
4.9 ms (1 GHz to 1.2 GHz, 500 kHz BW)
3.2 ms (11 GHz to 12 GHz, 500 kHz BW)
3 ms (1 GHz to 1.2 GHz, 500 kHz BW)
Full 2 port
Full 4 port
Full N-port2
TRL
Adapter removal
SOLR
Ecal support
See the footnote in the previous page
28
Specification and Feature Comparison
Network analyzers
PNA-L and PNA
PNA-L
PNA-L
PNA
Model number
N5230C
N5230C
E8361C
E8362C
E8363C
E8364C
Frequency range
300 kHz to 6 GHz (Option 020, 025)
300 kHz to 13.5 GHz (Option 120, 125,
140, 145, 146)
10 MHz to 20 GHz (Option 220, 225, 240, 245, 246)
10 MHz to 40 GHz (Option 420, 425)
10 MHz to 50 GHz (Option 520, 525)
E8362C 10 MHz to 20 GHz
E8363C 10 MHz to 40 GHz
E8364C 10 MHz to 50 GHz
E8361C1 10 MHz to 67 GHz
Number of ports
2 (Option x2x) or 4 (Option 14x)
2 (Option x2x), 4 (Option x4x)
2
Balanced measurements
yes (Option 140, 145, 146)
yes (Options 240, 245, 246)
no
System impedance
50 ohms
50 ohms
50 ohms
System dynamic range
122 dB (Option x20, 10 MHz to 6 GHz)
121 dB (Option x25, 10 MHz to 6 GHz)
120 dB (Option 14x, 10 MHz to 4 GHz)
103 dB (Option 240) (at 20 GHz)
98 dB (Option 245, 246)
108 dB (Option x2x)
(additional 12 to 16 dB with direct receiver access)
94 to 125 dB
136 dB with direct
receiver access (typical)
Power at test port
–30 to +2 dBm (Option x20, 300 kHz to 6 GHz)
–90 to +1 dBm (Option x25, 300 kHz to 6 GHz)
–27 to +8 dBm (Option 140, 10 MHz to 4 GHz)
–87 to +8 dBm (Option 145, 146,
10 MHz to 4 GHz)
–27 to –3 dBm (Option 240) (at 20 GHz)
–87 to –8 dBm (Option 245, 246)
–27 to +3 dBm (Option 220)
–87 to +3 dBm (Option 225)
–27 to 0 dBm (Optin 420, 520)
–87 to 0 dBm (Option 425, 525)
–25 to +5 dBm at 10 GHz (60 dB
source attenuator option expands
min. power to –82 dBmat 10 GHz)
Power sweep range
37 dB (Option x20, 300 kHz to 6 GHz)
36 dB (Option x20, 300 kHz to 6 GHz)
33 dB (Option 14x, 10 MHz to 4 GHz)
22 to 33 dB (Option 240)
17 to 33 dB (Option 245, 246)
23 to 25 dB (Option 220, 225)
17 to 25 dB (Option 420, 425)
10 to 25 dB (Option 520, 525)
31 dB
Sweep type
linear, log, CW, power, segment
linear, log, CW, power, segment
linear, log, CW, power, segment
yes
yes (also Full N-port)
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes2
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
Measurement channels
32
32
32
Maximum number of
data traces
unlimited
unlimited
unlimited
Windows-OS
yes
yes3
yes3
Internal automation
SCPI, D/COM
SCPI, D/COM
SCPI, D/COM
I/O
LAN, USB, GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232
LAN, USB, GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232
LAN, USB4, GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232
ADS linkage
supported
supported
software driver supported
Built-in source attenuator
yes (Option 025, 145, 146)
yes (with Option 225, 245, 246, 425, 525)
yes (with Option UNL)
DC bias input
no
no
yes (with Option UNL)
Time domain
yes (Option 010)
yes (with Option 010)
yes (with Option 010)
(2-port cal or 4-port cal, 3.5 mm)
Dir 44 to 48 dB
SM 31 to 40 dB
LM 44 to 48 dB
Refl trk ±0.003 to 0.006 dB
Trans trk ±0.015 to 0.131 dB
(Option 2xx, 2-or 4-port cal, 3.5 mm)
Dir 44 to 48 dB
SM 31 to 40 dB
LM 44 to 48 dB
Refl trk ± 0.003 to .006 dB
Trans trk ± 0.01 to .125 dB
(2-port cal, 2.4 mm)
Dir 36 to 42 dB
SM 31 to 41 dB
LM 35 to 42 dB
Refl trk ± 0.001 to 0.027 dB
Trans trk ± 0.014 to 0.200 dB
Trace noise
10 MHz to 10.5 GHz
0.004 dB rms (Option x2x)
0.006 dB rms (Option 140)
0.008 dB rms (Option 145)
0.016 dB rms (Option 146)
0.01 dB rms (Option 240)
0.014 dB rms (Option 245)
0.038 dB rms (Option 246)
0.006 dB rms (Option 22x)
0.01 dB rms (Option 42x, 52x)
0.006 dB rms (1 kHz BW)
Measurement speed
(1 sweep, 201 points,
correction off)
6 ms (600 kHz BW)
9 ms (250 kHz BW)
12 ms (35 kHz BW)
Error correction
Full 2 port
Full 4 port
Full N-port2
TRL
Adapter removal
SOLR
Ecal support
Corrected
specifications5
See next page for footnotes
29
Specification and Feature Comparison
Network analyzers
PNA-X
PNA-X
PNA-X
PNA-X
Model number
N5241A
N5242A
N5244A
N5245A
N5247A
Frequency range
N5241A 10 MHz to 13.5 GHz
N5242A 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
N5244A 10 MHz to 43.5 GHz
N5245A 10 MHz to 50 GHz
10 MHz to 67 GHz
Number of ports
2 (Option 200),
4 (Option 400)
2 (Option 200),
4 (Option 400)
2 (Option 200),
4 (Option 400)
Balanced measurements
yes (Option 400)
yes (Option 400)
yes (Option 400)
System impedance
50 ohms
50 ohms
50 ohms
System dynamic range
121 to 130 dB depends on
configuration
124 to 141 dB with direct receiver
access (typical)
121 to 125 dB depends on
configuration
133 to 137 dB with direct receiver
access (typical)
125 to 129 dB depends on
configuration
136 to 140 dB with direct receiver
access (typical)
–25 to +13 dBm (Option 200, 400)
–90 to +10 dBm (Option 219, 419)
–90 to +15 dBm (Option 224)
–90 to +10 dBm (Option 423)
–25 to +13 dBm (Option 200, 400)
–90 to +10 dBm (Option 219, 419)
–90 to +10 dBm (Option 224, 423)
+11 dBm (Option 200, 400)
+8 dBm (Option 219, 419)
+7 dBm (Option 224, 423)
Power sweep range
38 dB
38 dB
38 dB
Sweep type
linear, log, CW, power, segment
linear, log, CW, power, segment
linear, log, CW, power, segment
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
32
32
32
(at 20 GHz)
Power at test port
(at 20 GHz)
Error correction
Full 2 port
Full 4 port
Full N-port
TRL
Adapter removal
SOLR
Ecal support
Measurement channels
Maximum number of data traces unlimited
unlimited
unlimited
Windows-OS
yes3
yes3
yes3
Internal automation
SCPI, D/COM
SCPI, D/COM
I/O
LAN, USB4, GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232 LAN, USB, GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232
LAN, USB, GPIB, VGA, parallel,
RS-232
ADS linkage
supported
supported
supported
Built-in source attenuator
yes (with Option 219, 419)
yes (with Option 219, 419)
yes (with Option 219, 419)
DC bias input
yes
yes
yes
Time domain
yes (with Option 100)4
yes (with Option 010)
yes (with Option 010)
(2-port cal, 3.5 mm)
Dir 44 to 48 dB
SM 31 to 40 dB
LM 44 to 48 dB
Refl trk ±0.003 to 0.006 dB
Trans trk ±0.015 to 0.104 dB
(2-port cal, 2.4 mm)
Dir 36 to 42 dB
SM 31 to 41 dB
LM 35 to 42 dB
Refl trk ±0.001 to 0.027 dB
Trans trk ±0.020 to 0.182 dB
(2-port, 1.85 mm)
Dir 34 to 41 dB
SM 34 to 44 dB
LM 34 to 41 dB
Refl trk 0.01 to 0.33 dB
Trans trk 0.036 to 0.164 dB
Corrected
specifications5
SCPI, D/COM
Trace noise
0.002 dB rms (1 kHz BW)
0.002 dB rms (1 kHz BW)
0.002 dB rms (1 kHz BW)
Measurement speed
(1 sweep, 201 points, correction off)
6 ms (600 kHz BW)
6 ms (600 kHz BW)
6 ms (600 kHz BW)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Specified to 67 GHz, with operation to 70 GHz.
Available when used with external test sets and software.
Open Windows environment. You can load any software on the instrument, such as Visual Basic.
Functions up to 67 GHz.
Dir = directivity; SM = source match; LM = load match; Refl trk= reflection tracking; Trans trk = transmission tracking.
Only on 4-port models.
Segment includes sweep types that are known as list and fast swept list.
30
Specification and Feature Comparison
Network analyzers
PNA/PNA-X millimeter wave
PNA millimeter wave
PNA-X millimeter wave
Model number
N5250C
N5247A
Frequency range
10 MHz to 110 GHz,
and extendable to 1.05 THz
10 MHz to 110 GHz
Number of ports
2
2 or 4
Balanced measurements
no
yes
System impedance
50 ohms
Normalized to 1 Ohm
System dynamic range
111 dB
Typically 115 dB
–5 dBm
Typically –8 at 110 GHz
Power sweep range
20 dB4
60 dB
Sweep type
linear, log, CW, power, segment
Linear, Log, CW, power segment
Full 2 port
Full 4 port
Full N-port
TRL
yes
no
no
yes
Adapter removal
SOLR
Ecal support
yes
yes
yes4
yes
yes
n/a
yes up to 67 GHz with, 1.0 mm characterized
standards to 110 GHz
yes
yes
yes up to 67 GHz with, 1.0 mm characterized
standards to 110 GHz
(at 20 GHz)
Power at test port
(at 20 GHz)
Error correction
Measurement channels
32
32
Maximum number of data traces 64
64
Windows-OS
yes3
Internal automation
SCPI, COM,/DCOM
SCPI, COM, D/COM
I/O
LAN, USB, GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232
LAN, USB,GPIB, VGA, parallel, RS-232
ADS linkage
software driver supported
software driver supported
Built-in source attenuator
yes
yes with source power calibration
DC bias input
yes
Kelvin bias built into combiner assembly
Time domain
yes (with Option 010)
yes with Option 010
Corrected specifications5
SM source dependent
LM 20 dB
(75 to 110 GHz performance using a 1.0 mm
calibration kit)
Dir –36.8 dB
SM –33 dB
LM –36 dB
Refl trk : ±.08
Trans trk: ±.1
Trace noise
—
—
Measurement speed
(1 sweep, 201 points, correction off)
—
6 ms (35 kHz BW)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
yes
Specified to 67 GHz, with operation to 70 GHz.
Available when used with external test sets and software.
Open Windows environment. You can load any software on the instrument, such as Visual Basic.
Functions up to 67 GHz.
Dir = directivity; SM = source match; LM = load match; Refl trk= reflection tracking; Trans trk = transmission tracking.
Only on 4-port models.
Segment includes sweep types that are known as list and fast swept list.
31
Web Resources
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FieldFox RF Analzyer
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ENA series network analyzers:
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and signal integrity:
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Multiport measurements:
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Nonlinear Vector Network analyzer
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Network Analyzer Discussion Forum:
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32
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