Liebert 60Hz User's Manual

Liebert 60Hz User's Manual
Precision Cooling
For Business-Critical Continuity™
Liebert Mini-Mate2™
User Manual - 8 Tons, 50 & 60Hz
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MODEL NUMBER NOMENCLATURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V
1.0
PRODUCT FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
1.1
Standard Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.2
Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
1.2.5
1.2.6
1.2.7
1.2.8
1.3
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Evaporator System Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Condensing Unit Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Canister Humidifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electric Reheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SCR Electric Reheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hot Gas Bypass (Condensing Units) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Free-Cooling Coil (GLYCOOL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Smoke Detector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firestat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter Clog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Ancillary (Ship Loose Accessories) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
1.3.6
Single Point Power Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerant Line Sweat Adapter Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Return Air Filter Box with Duct Collar Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Condensate Pump Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote Monitoring and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote Sensors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
3
3
3
3
3
2.0
SITE PREPARATION AND INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
2.1
Installation Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1.1
2.1.2
Room Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Location Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2.2
System Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3
Equipment Inspection upon receipt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.4
Installing the Evaporator or Chilled-Water Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.4.4
2.5
Indoor Air-Cooled Centrifugal Fan Condensing Unit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4
2.6
Close Coupled Installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Evaporator Air Distribution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Piping Connections and Coolant Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Electrical Connections, Evaporator or Chilled-Water Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Location Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ducting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Piping Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Connections - Condensing Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
19
20
20
Outdoor Air-Cooled Condensing Unit Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.6.1
2.6.2
2.6.3
Location Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Piping Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
i
2.7
Indoor Water- and Glycol-Cooled Condensing Unit Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.7.1
2.7.2
2.7.3
2.8
Location Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Piping Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Electrical Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Optional Equipment Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.8.1
Free-Cooling Coil (GLYCOOL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.9
Checklist for Completed Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.0
MICROPROCESSOR CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.1
Feature Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.2
Main Menu <Menu>. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.3
Setpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.4
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.5
Active Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.6
Alarm History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.7
Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.8
Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.9
Setback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.10
Setup Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3.10.1
3.10.2
3.10.3
3.10.4
3.10.5
3.10.6
3.10.7
Restart Time Delay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C/F Degrees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Humidity Control Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lead Compressor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Show DIP Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Valve Time (For Systems With a Modulating Chilled-Water Valve) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CW Flush (For Systems With a Modulating Chilled-Water Valve). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
38
38
38
38
38
39
3.11
Change Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3.12
Calibrate Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3.13
Alarm Enable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3.14
Alarm Time Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.15
Common Alarm Enable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.16
Custom Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.17
Custom Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
3.18
Run Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
4.0
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
4.1
Control Type Response Proportional Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
4.2
Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
Multi-Step Cooling, Compressorized Direct Expansion (DX) Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Chilled-Water Cooling (8 Ton) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
GLYCOOL Cooling (8 Ton) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
ii
4.3
Reheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.4
Electric Reheat - Staged. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
SCR Electric Reheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Dehumidification / Humidification Percent Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.4.1
4.4.2
4.4.3
Staged Dehumidification, Compressorized Direct Expansion (DX) Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Humidification Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Dehumidification Lockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.5
Load Control Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.6
Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
5.0
ALARMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
5.1
Alarms: Definitions and Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.2
Custom Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High Head Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Humidifier Problem Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
High-Water Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loss of Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Short Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
47
48
48
48
48
48
48
Optional/Custom Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
Change Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Firestat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Smoke Detector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
6.0
SYSTEM OPERATION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
6.1
System Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.1.4
6.1.5
6.1.6
6.2
Environmental Control Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Humidification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dehumidification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remote Shutdown. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
50
50
50
50
50
Maintenance and Component Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
Electric Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Blower System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electric Reheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigeration System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steam Generating Humidifier - Operation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Circuit Board Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
51
51
52
52
55
56
7.0
MAINTENANCE INSPECTION CHECKLIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
iii
FIGURES
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15
Figure 16
Figure 17
Figure 18
Figure 19
Figure 20
Figure 21
Figure 22
Figure 23
Figure 24
Figure 25
Figure 26
System configurations—air cooled systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
System Configurations—water/glycol systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
System Configurations—chilled water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Threaded rod and hardware kit installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Close coupled installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Drain installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Condensate pump installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
General arrangement diagram - chilled-water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Refrigerant piping diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Evaporator or chilled-water unit dimensional data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Evaporator unit electrical connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Piping connections - indoor air-cooled centrifugal fan condensing unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Indoor air-cooled centrifugal condensing unit dimensions and pipe connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Indoor air-cooled centrifugal condenser electrical connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Electrical field connections - outdoor condensing unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Footprint dimensions - outdoor condensing unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Piping and electrical connections - outdoor condensing unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Indoor water/glycol condensing unit dimensional data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Indoor water/glycol condensing unit electrical field connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
System piping with indoor water/glycol-cooled condensing unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Optional free cooling coil (3-way valve) on water/glycol units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Optional free cooling coil (3-way valve) on air-cooled units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Wall box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Control menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Control board (inside evaporator) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Wall box board. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
TABLES
Table i
Table ii
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4
Table 5
Table 6
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
Table 10
Table 11
Table 12
Table 13
Table 14
Table 15
Table 16
Table 17
Table 18
Heat rejection matchup – 60 Hz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Heat rejection matchup – 50 Hz. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Application limits, evaporator and chilled-water units* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Application limits, indoor and outdoor air-cooled condensing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Application limits, indoor water/glycol-cooled condensing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Unit weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Evaporator external static pressure (60) at 3750 CFM (6371 CMH). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Recommended refrigerant line sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
8-ton unit refrigerant charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Line charges (field piping)* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Refrigerant quick connect sizes and torque. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Default setpoints and allowable ranges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Night and weekend setback plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Setup functions, default values and allowable ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Alarm default time delays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Equipment switch settings (unit control board) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Switch settings (wallbox board) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Typical discharge pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Humidifier control board DIP switch settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
iv
MODEL NUMBER NOMENCLATURE
Evaporators and Chilled-Water Units
MMD96E-AHEL0 (example)
MM
D
96E-
A
H
E
L
0
Indoor Condensing Units
MCD96ALA00 (example)
Mini-Mate2
MC
0 = No Disconnect
D = Disconnect
96E- = 8-ton Evaporator, 60 Hz
95E- = 8-ton Evaporator, 50 Hz
8TCD = 8-ton Chilled-Water w/ 2-way valve
8TCT = 8-ton Chilled-Water w/ 3-way valve
A = 460V-3ph-60 Hz
B = 575V-3ph-60 Hz
C = 208V-3ph-60 Hz
D =230V-3ph-60 Hz
M = 380/415V-3ph-50 Hz
0 = No Humidifier
H = Humidifier
0 = No Reheat
E= Electric Reheat
S = SCR Reheat
L = Low Fan Speed Drive, 2 hp
H = High Fan Speed Drive, 3 hp
D
96A
L
A
H
0
Mini-Mate2 Indoor Condensing Unit
0 = No Disconnect
D= Disconnect
96A = 8-ton Air-Cooled Centrifugal, 60 Hz
95A = 8-ton Air-Cooled Centrifugal, 50 Hz
98W = 8-ton Water/Glycol-Cooled, 60 Hz
97W = 8-ton Water/Glycol, 50 Hz
L = Lee-temp Head Pressure Control (Air-Cooled)
2 = 2-way Water/Glycol reg valve, 150 psi
3 = 3-way, Water/Glycol reg valve, 150 psi
D = 2-way, Water/Glycol reg valve, 350 psi
T = 3-way, Water/Glycol reg valve, 350 psi
A = 460V-3ph-60 Hz
B = 575V-3ph-60 Hz
Y = 208/230V-3ph-60 Hz
M = 380/415-3ph-50 Hz
0 = No Hot Gas Bypass
H = Hot Gas Bypass
0 = Revision Level
0 = None
A = Filter Clog
B = Smoke Detector
C = Firestat
PF
Prop Fan Condensing Unit
D = Filter Clog & Smoke Detector
H
H = Hot Gas Bypass
Prop Fan Condensing Units
PFC096A-AL0 (example)
E = Filter Clog & Firestat
F = Smoke Detector & Firestat
G = Filter Clog, Smoke Detector, & Firestat
L
096A = 8-ton Air-Cooled, 60 Hz
095A = 8-ton Air-Cooled, 50 Hz
- = Standard Coil
C = Coated Coil
A = 460V-3ph-60 Hz
B = 575V-3ph-60 Hz
Y = 208/230V-3ph-60 Hz
M = 380/415V-3ph-50 Hz
L = 95°F Ambient, Lee-temp
0
0 = Revision Level
096A
-
A
Table iii
Heat rejection matchup – 60 Hz
Condensing Unit
Nominal
Capacity
Cooling
Unit
Indoor Air-Cooled
Centrifugal Fan
Outdoor Air-Cooled
Propeller Fan
Indoor
Water/Glycol
8 Tons
MMD96E
MCD96A
PFC096A
MCD98W
8 Tons
MMD8TC
Table iv
Chilled Water Unit
Heat rejection matchup – 50 Hz
Condensing Unit
Nominal
Capacity
8 Tons
Cooling
Unit
Indoor Air-Cooled
Centrifugal Fan
Outdoor Air-Cooled
Propeller Fan
Indoor Remote
Water/Glycol Cooled
MMD95E
MCD95A
PFC095A
MCD97W
MMD8TC
Chilled Water Unit
v
vi
Product Features
1.0
PRODUCT FEATURES
1.1
Standard Product Features
The Mini-Mate2 is a temperature/humidity control system designed to be installed above a ceiling
grid system. The unit is available as a split system evaporator to be matched with an Indoor Centrifugal Fan Condensing Unit, Outdoor Prop Fan Condensing Unit, or Indoor Water/Glycol Condensing
Unit. A self-contained Chilled Water Fan Coil is also available.
1.1.1
Controls
The Mini-Mate2 system includes a wall-mounted display panel with a liquid crystal display (LCD)
screen and a 7 membrane keypad. The control is menu-driven for ease of use. Figure 24, Section 3,
depicts the complete menu tree for the control. All control setpoints and alarm setpoints are programmable.
1.1.2
Evaporator System Components
DX Evaporator Section
The evaporator section includes the evaporator coil, thermostatic expansion valves, filter dryers, and
blower. The evaporator coil is constructed of copper tubes and aluminum fins and is designed for the
high sensible heat ratio required for electronic equipment. Room air circulation is accomplished by a
double inlet, belt driven centrifugal blower that has been dynamically balanced. The blower has selfaligning bearings. Both the blower and motor have permanently lubricated ball bearings.
Chilled-Water Model
The Chilled-Water model is self-contained and is designed for use with an existing chilled-water loop.
It contains a chilled-water coil and a proportional modulating valve to control the flow of chilled
water.
1.1.3
Condensing Unit Components
The condensing unit is connected to the evaporator unit by four refrigerant lines and low voltage control wires. The condensing unit requires a power source and a power disconnect switch. A single point
power kit is available for close coupled (attached) units.
Air-Cooled Condensing Unit (Indoor Centrifugal)
The Air-Cooled Condensing units (MC models) include: 3-ton and 5-ton scroll compressors with motor,
belt-driven centrifugal blower, crankcase heaters, high pressure switches, condenser coils, and LeeTemp head pressure control with receivers.
Air-Cooled Condensing Unit (Outdoor Prop Fan)
Outdoor Air-Cooled Condensing Units (PFC models) include: 3-ton and 5-ton scroll compressors with
crankcase heaters, high-pressure switch, condenser coils, direct-driven propeller fan, and Lee-Temp
head pressure control with receivers.
Water/Glycol Condensing Unit (Indoor)
The Water/Glycol-Cooled Condensing units include: 3-ton and 5-ton scroll compressors with crankcase heaters, high pressure switches, coaxial condensers, and regulating valves. Drycooler and pumps
are selected separately for glycol systems.
1
Product Features
1.2
Optional Equipment
1.2.1
Canister Humidifier
The optional, factory-installed steam generating humidifier adds pure water vapor to the room air to
control humidity. Room humidity setpoints are established by the user. The humidifier components
include: a steam canister (replaceable), control board, inlet strainer, fill and drain valves.
1.2.2
Electric Reheat
The 304/304 stainless steel electric reheat is energized when required to heat room air or to control
room temperature during dehumidification. A safety switch prevents the reheat from exceeding temperature limits.
1.2.3
SCR Electric Reheat
The 304/304 stainless steel reheat is pulsed rapidly to provide precise temperature control, while cooling is locked on. A safety switch prevents the reheat from exceeding temperature limits.
1.2.4
Hot Gas Bypass (Condensing Units)
This optional system bypasses compressor discharge around the condenser directly to suction to provide capacity control and reduce compressor cycling. System includes liquid injection valve to maintain proper suction superheat. Hot gas bypass is provided on both circuits.
1.2.5
Free-Cooling Coil (GLYCOOL)
When ambient temperatures are low enough, cold fluid is piped to a secondary coil or a separate
source of chilled-water may be piped to this coil.
1.2.6
Smoke Detector
If smoke is detected in the return air, the unit display sounds an audible signal and the unit shuts
down.
1.2.7
Firestat
When the return air temperature limit of approximately 125°F (51.7°C) is exceeded, the unit shuts
down.
1.2.8
Filter Clog
If high pressure differential is detected across the return air filter, an adjustable pressure differential
switch sounds an audible signal.
2
Product Features
1.3
Ancillary (Ship Loose Accessories)
1.3.1
Single Point Power Kit
A Single Point Power Kit allows the connection of a system (Evaporator and indoor condensing unit)
to a single power source when the units are close coupled. The kit includes a junction box with power
distribution, sub-fusing, and evaporator and condenser wiring.
1.3.2
Refrigerant Line Sweat Adapter Kits
This kit includes the compatible fittings required (four suction and four liquid line connections) when
using field supplied interconnecting refrigerant piping.
1.3.3
Return Air Filter Box with Duct Collar Kit
A return air filter box with duct flange, 4" (102 mm) filter, and a supply air duct flange are provided
for ducting the evaporator air.
1.3.4
Condensate Pump Kit
A condensate pump is required when the evaporator is installed below the level of the gravity-fed
drain line. Components include: the pump; check valve; sump; level sensor; float switch; and controls.
Refer to detailed instructions and drawings supplied with the pump.
1.3.5
Remote Monitoring and Control
Liebert can provide a variety of remote monitoring and control devices to enhance your Mini-Mate2
system. These include water detection, remote monitoring of a single unit, and remote control/monitoring of multiple units.
1.3.6
Remote Sensors
Remote temperature/humidity sensors can be mounted in the controlled space or in duct work and
includes 30 feet of control cable.
3
Site Preparation and Installation
2.0
SITE PREPARATION AND INSTALLATION
NOTE
Before installing unit, determine whether any building alterations are required to run piping,
wiring, and duct work. Carefully follow all unit dimensional drawings and refer to the
submittal engineering dimensional drawings of individual units for proper clearances.
2.1
Installation Considerations
The evaporator unit is usually mounted above the suspended ceiling using field supplied threaded
rods. Refer to Figure 1 for possible configurations. The condensing unit may be:
• Indoor Air-Cooled Centrifugal Fan Condensing Unit mounted remotely or close coupled to the
evaporator in the ceiling space.
• Outdoor Air-Cooled Propeller Fan Condensing Unit.
• Indoor Water/Glycol-Cooled Condensing Unit, mounted remotely or close coupled to the evaporator.
Table 1
Application limits, evaporator and chilled-water units*
Input Voltage
Range of Return Air Conditions to Unit
Min
Max
Dry Bulb Temp.
Relative Humidity
-5%
+10%
65°F to 85°F
(18°C to 29°C)
20% to 80%
*Unit will operate at these conditions but will not control to these extremes.
Table 2
Application limits, indoor and outdoor air-cooled condensing units
Input
Voltage
Condensing Units
Min
Max
-5%
+10%
Table 3
Entering Dry Bulb
Air Temperature
Min
Max
Outdoor Prop Fan Condensing Unit
-30°F (-34°C)
120°F (49°C)
Indoor Air-Cooled Centrifugal Condensing Unit
-20°F (-29°C)
115°F (46°C)
Application limits, indoor water/glycol-cooled condensing units
Input Voltage
Entering Fluid Temperature
Min
Max
Min
Max
-5%
+10%
65°F (18.3°C) *
115°F (46°C)
*Operation below 65°F (18°C) may result in reduced valve life and fluid noise.
2.1.1
Room Preparation
The room should be well-insulated and must have a sealed vapor barrier. The vapor barrier in the
ceiling and walls can be a polyethylene film. Paint on concrete walls and floors should be vapor resistant.
NOTE
The single most important requirement for maintaining environmental control in the
conditioned room is the vapor barrier.
Outside or fresh air should be kept to a minimum when tight temperature and humidity control is
required. Outside air adds to the cooling, heating, dehumidifying and humidifying loads of the site.
Doors should be properly sealed to minimize leaks and should not contain ventilation grilles.
4
Site Preparation and Installation
2.1.2
Location Considerations
!
CAUTION
Units contain water. Water leaks can cause damage to sensitive equipment below. DO NOT
MOUNT UNITS OVER SENSITIVE EQUIPMENT. A field-supplied pan with drain must be
installed beneath cooling units and water/glycol-cooled condensing unit.
NOTE
Do not mount units in areas where normal unit operating sound may disturb the working
environment.
Locate the evaporator unit over an unobstructed floor space if possible. This will allow easy access for
routine maintenance or service. Do not attach additional devices to the exterior of the cabinet, as they
could interfere with maintenance or service.
5
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 1
System configurations—air cooled systems
Evaporator
Prop Fan
Condensing Unit
Evaporator
Centrifugal Fan
Condensing Unit
Figure 2
System Configurations—water/glycol systems
Cooling
Tower
WATER-COOLED SYSTEMS
Evaporator
Water/Glycol
Condensing Unit
GLYCOL-COOLED SYSTEMS
Drycooler
Evaporator
Water/Glycol
Condensing Unit
6
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 3
System Configurations—chilled water systems
COUPLED COMPONENTS
(AIR-COOLED SYSTEM
Evaporator
CHILLED-WATER SYSTEMS
Evaporator
Condensing
Unit
Condensate Pump
Condensate Pump
2.2
System Weights
Table 4
Unit weights
Cooling Units*
lbs
kg
MMD96E
665
302
MMD95E
665
302
Condensing Units
lbs
kg
MCD96A
530
241
MCD95A
530
241
MCD98W
470
213
MCD97W
470
213
*Add 40 lbs. (20 kg.) to units with free cooling or hot water reheat coils.
2.3
Equipment Inspection upon receipt
When the unit arrives, do not uncrate equipment until it is close to its final location. All required
assemblies are banded and shipped in corrugated containers. If you discover any damage when you
uncrate the unit, report it to the shipper immediately. If you later find any concealed damage, report
it to the shipper and to your Liebert supplier.
7
Site Preparation and Installation
2.4
Installing the Evaporator or Chilled-Water Units
!
WARNING
Be sure the supporting roof structure is capable of supporting the weight of the unit(s) and the
accessories during installation and service. (See 2.2 - System Weights.)
Be sure to securely anchor the top ends of the suspension rods. Make sure all nuts are tight.
The evaporator unit and indoor condensing unit are usually mounted above the ceiling and must be
securely mounted to the roof structure. The ceiling and ceiling supports of existing buildings may
require reinforcements. Be sure to follow all applicable codes. Use field-supplied 1/2"-13 tpi threaded
suspension rods and 1/2"-13 tpi hardware kit.
Recommended clearance between ceiling grids and building structural members is unit height plus 3
inches.
Install the four field-supplied rods by suspending them from suitable building structural members.
Locate the rods so that they will align with the four mounting holes in the flanges that are part of the
unit base.
Using a suitable lifting device, raise the unit up and pass the threaded rods through the four mounting holes in the flanges that are part of the unit base.
Attach the threaded rods to the unit flanges using the supplied, springs, and washers. (See Figure 4).
The coil springs provide vibration isolation.
1. Use the plain nuts to hold unit in place. Adjust these nuts so that the weight of the unit is
supported by the four rods, does not rest on the ceiling grid, and is level. Ensure none of the
springs are compressed to solid height. The coil side of the unit is heavier, so these springs will be
compressed more than the other side.
NOTE
The units must be level in order to drain condensate properly.
2. Use the Nylock nuts to “jam” the plain nuts.
Figure 4
Threaded rod and hardware kit installation
1/2" threaded rod
(supplied by field)
hanging bracket
1" O.D. spring
1/2" flat washer
1/2" Nylock
locking nut
base pan (ref)
1/2" hex nut
8
Site Preparation and Installation
2.4.1
Close Coupled Installations
If the evaporator and condensing units are to be mounted side-to-side (close coupled), hang each unit
before connecting them together (See Figure 5). If Single Point Power Kit is used, install the box into the
evaporator prior to suspending the units. Route power wire flex conduit into condensing unit as units are
suspended. Refer to instructions supplied with kit for details. Align bolt holes in the condensing unit and
in the evaporator. Insert rubber spacers and secure four (4) sets of hardware provided. Align the refrigerant connections and tighten them as described in 2.4.3 - Piping Connections and Coolant Requirements. Remove “P” clamps from piping to aid fitting alignment.
Figure 5
Close coupled installation
Condensing
Unit
Evaporator
Isolator rubber
5/16" lock washer
5/16" capscrew
Cage
nut
5/16" flat washer
NOTE: Disconnect P-clamps on lines in the evaporator
for easy close coupling.
P-clamps are for shipping purposes only.
9
Site Preparation and Installation
2.4.2
Evaporator Air Distribution
Filter Box
The optional filter box mounts directly to the return air opening of the evaporator. The filter box is
supplied with two (2) 20% (Liebert part no. A-0320) or 30% (Liebert part no. A-0400) 25" x 20" x 4" filters.
NOTE
Do not operate the unit without filters installed in return air system.
Connections for Ducted Systems
Use flexible duct work or non-flammable cloth collars to attach duct work to the unit and to help control the transmission of vibrations to building structures. Insulation of duct work is vital to prevent
condensation during the cooling cycle. The use of a vapor barrier is required to prevent absorption of
moisture from the surrounding air into the insulation.
If the return air duct is short, or if noise is likely to be a problem, sound-absorbing insulation should
be used on the duct. Duct work should be fabricated and installed in accordance with local and
national codes.
Table 5
Evaporator external static pressure (60) at 3750 CFM (6371 CMH)
2 hp Motor (std)
3 hp Motor (opt)
Turns
Open
RPM
External
Static, in.
RPM
External
Static, in.
0
n/a
n/a
1146
1.9
0.5
n/a
n/a
1125
1.8
1
n/a
n/a
1104
1.7
1.5
946
0.9
1083
1.6
2
922
0.8
1063
1.5
2.5
972
0.7
1042
1.4
3
899
0.6
1021
1.3
3.5
851
0.5
1000
1.2
4
828
0.4
979
1.1
4.5
804
0.3
958
1.0
5
780
0.2
938
0.9
5.5
757
0.1
917
0.8
6
733
0
896
0.7
If free-cooling or hot water coil is ordered, reduce available external static
pressure by 0.3" (8 mm). Contact Liebert Representative for other Air Volumes.
Factory setting is 0.5" (13 mm) with 2 hp motor. Field adjust to suit application.
NOTE
Maximum return air static pressure should not exceed 0.3" (8 mm) to provide proper drainage
of the unit.
10
Site Preparation and Installation
2.4.3
Piping Connections and Coolant Requirements
Drain Line
!
CAUTION
The drain line must not be trapped outside the unit, or water may back-up in drain pan.
Drain is internally trapped.
This line may contain boiling water. Use copper or other suitable material for the drain line.
Sagging condensate drain lines may inadvertently create an external trap.
A 3/4 in. (19.1 mm) female pipe thread (FPT) connection is provided for the evaporator coil condensate
drain. This line also drains the humidifier, if applicable. The drain line must be located so it will not
be exposed to freezing temperatures. The drain should be the full size of the drain connection.
The evaporator drain pan includes a float switch to prevent unit operation if drain becomes blocked.
Figure 6
Drain installation
Unit
Unit
Continuous slope
away from unit
Do not externally
trap the unit
Correct
Incorrect
Unit
These are external traps also, although
unintentional. Lines must be rigid
enough to not bow between supports.
Humidifier drain water can approach
100° Celsius.
Incorrect
11
Site Preparation and Installation
Condensate Pump
The optional condensate pump kit is required when the evaporator is installed below the level of the
gravity-fed drain line. Refer to the installation instructions provided with the condensate pump kit.
Figure 7
Condensate pump installation
3/8" Compression Fitting
Drain Connection
Power Supply from
Electric Service Power
Block in Fan/Coil Module.
Drain Line
(field supplied)
Evaporator or
Chilled Water
Unit
Condensate Pump
AIR INLET
FRONT OF UNIT
10 9/16 "
(268.3mm)
Condensate Drain
6 5/8 "
Condensate (168.3mm)
Pump
Support Bracket
21 1/2 "
(546mm)
3/4" (13mm) Hose Barb
Supplied on Pump Tank
3/4" (13mm) FPT
Customer Connection
Flexible Rubber Tubing
Notes:
1. 3/4" (13mm) Flexible Rubber Tubing Assembly (Supplied
with Pump Kit) must be installed on pump end.
2. The High Water Safety Float included with pump must be
interlocked with unit control. Wire to terminals 60 & 61 on
Evaporator terminal strip to shut down unit.
DPN000239_Rev0
Humidifier Water Supply Line
Units supplied with the optional humidifier package have a 1/4 in. (6.4 mm) FPT connection for water
inlet. Supply pressure range is 10 psig to 150 psig. Required flow rate is 1 gpm. A shut-off valve
should be installed in this line to isolate the humidifier for maintenance.
NOTE
DO NOT route humidifier supply line in front of filter box access panel.
12
Site Preparation and Installation
Chilled-Water Piping—Chilled-water Systems Only
Refer to Figure 8 for recommended field installed hardware such as shut-off valves and hose bibs.
Chilled-water supply and return lines must be insulated to prevent condensation.
The minimum recommended water temperature is 42°F. Connection sizes are 1-1/4" FPT.
Figure 8
General arrangement diagram - chilled-water systems
Bleed Valve
Chilled
Water
Chilled Supply
Water
Return
Chilled Water Coil
Chilled Water
Control Valve
** Shutoff Valves
Female Adapters
** Hose Bibs
Supply
Return
* Field piping refers to the use of hard
piping using sweat adapter kit
or precharged line set.
3 - Way Chilled Water
Control Valve
(Optional)
FIELD PIPING
FACTORY PIPING
** Components are not supplied by
Liebert but are recommended for
proper circuit operation and
maintenance.
DPN000236_Rev0
13
Site Preparation and Installation
Refrigerant (R-22) Piping
All split systems require two sets of refrigerant lines (two insulated copper suction lines and two copper liquid lines) between the evaporator and the condensing unit.
Two possible methods exist for installing the copper suction and liquid lines.
• Close coupling the units together using the quick connects.
• Using an optional Sweat Adapter Kit and hard piping between the two units.
All refrigeration piping should be installed with high temperature brazed joints. Prevailing good refrigeration practices should be employed for piping supports, leak testing, evacuation, dehydration, and
charging of the refrigeration circuits. The refrigeration piping should be isolated from the building by
the use of vibration isolating supports. To prevent tube damage when sealing openings in walls and to
reduce vibration transmission, use a soft flexible material to pack around the tubes.
When installing remote condensing units above the evaporator, the suction gas line should be trapped
at the evaporator. This trap will retain refrigerant oil in the off cycle. When the unit starts, oil in the
trap is carried up the vertical riser and returns to the compressor.
Table 6
Recommended refrigerant line sizes
Equivalent
Feet
Circuit
Liquid Line
Suction
Line
50 feet
3-ton
3/8" O.D.
7/8" O.D.
100 feet
3-ton
1/2" O.D.
7/8" O.D
150 feet
3-ton
5/8" O.D.
1-1/8" O.D
50 feet
5-ton
1/2" O.D.
1-1/8" O.D
100 feet
5-ton
5/8" O.D.
1-1/8" O.D
150 feet
5-ton
5/8" O.D.
1-3/8" O.D
Consult your Liebert representative for longer line lengths.
NOTE
If field supplied refrigerant piping is installed, refrigerant (R-22) must be
added to the system.
Figure 9
Refrigerant piping diagram
Pitch down 1/2" per 10 feet
Evaporator
NOTE: When installing remote condensing
units below the evaporator, the suction gas
line should be trapped with an inverted trap
to the height of the evaporator. This
prevents refrigerant migration to the
compressors during off cycles. Maximum
recommended vertical drop to condensing
unit is 20 feet (6.1 m).
Suction Line Piping
Condensing Unit Below Evaporator
Condensing Unit
Condensing Unit
Evaporator
Suction Line Piping
Condensing Unit Above Evaporator
Traps recommended every 25 feet (7.6 m) of vertical rise.
14
Site Preparation and Installation
Refrigerant Charge Requirements: Total refrigerant charge (R-22) will be required only if units
are evacuated during installation or maintenance. For safe and effective operation, refer to 2.4.3 Piping Connections and Coolant Requirements.
Total refrigerant = Units and Lines
Table 7
8-ton unit refrigerant charge
Evaporator
Charge (ounces)
Model No.
3-ton circuit
5-ton circuit
MMD96E
7
7
MMD95E
7
7
Condensing Units
Model No
Charge (ounces)
MCD96A
361
581
MCD95A
361
581
MCD98W
54
94
MCD97W
54
94
Table 8
Line charges (field piping)*
O.D.
Liquid Line
Suction Line
1/2"
7.3 (1.1)
0.2 (0.1)
5/8"
11.7 (1.7)
0.3 (0.1)
7/8"
24.4 (3.6)
0.7 (0.1)
1-1/8"
41.6 (6.2)
1.2 (0.2)
*weight of R-22 in type “L” copper tube: lb per 100 ft (kg per 10 m)
Quick Connect Fittings
NOTE
When hard piping is used, complete all piping and evacuate lines before
connecting quick connects.
Be especially careful when connecting the quick connect fittings. Read through the following steps
before making the connections.
1. Remove protector caps and plugs.
2. Carefully wipe coupling seats and threaded surfaces with a clean cloth.
3. Lubricate the male diaphragm and synthetic rubber seal with refrigerant oil.
4. Thread the coupling halves together by hand to insure that the threads mate properly.
5. Tighten the coupling body hex nut and union nut with the proper size wrench until the coupling
bodies “bottom out” or until a definite resistance is felt.
6. Using a marker or pen, make a line lengthwise from the coupling union nut to the bulkhead.
7. Tighten the nuts an additional quarter-turn; the misalignment of the lines shows how much the
coupling has been tightened. This final quarter-turn is necessary to insure that the joint will not
leak. Refer to Table 9 for torque requirements.
Table 9
Refrigerant quick connect sizes and torque
Size O.D. Cu
Coupling Size
Torque (lb-ft)
3/8"
#6
10-12
1/2"
#10
35-45
7/8"
#11
35-45
1-1/8"
#12
50-65
15
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 10 Evaporator or chilled-water unit dimensional data
Customer Supplied
threaded rods for module
support from ceiling (1/2" minimum
diameter recommended) (typ. 4).
54 1/8 "
(1375mm)
CABINET
DIMENSION
2"
(50.8mm)
1 3/16 "
(30.2mm)
15 5/8 "
(397mm)
Air Outlet
9/16" (14mm) dia. holes for
threaded rods (typ. 2 each end)
12 1/8 "
(308mm)
16 13/16 "
(427mm)
Air Inlet
26 1/2 "
(673mm)
19 1/2 "
(495mm)
FRONT
OF
UNIT
1 "
(25.4mm)
50 "
(1270mm)
70 "
(1778mm)
Hanger Bracket
72 "
(1828.8mm)
1 "
(25.4mm)
1 "
(25.4mm)
Shaded area indicates a
recommended clearance
of 30" (762mm) for access
and filter removal.
49 "
(1244.6mm)
1 "
(25.4mm)
19 1/2 "
(495.3mm)
Shaded area indicates a
recommended clearance
of 30" (762mm) for access
21 1/2 " and filter removal.
Optional 1" (25.4mm)
(546.1mm)
Discharge Duct Connection
ships with Filter Box
17 1/2 "
(444.5mm)
Duct Flange
50 "
(1270mm)
47 "
(1193.8mm)
1 "
(25.4mm)
16 13/16 "
(427mm)
8 "
(203mm)
(OPTIONAL) FILTER BOX
16
15 5/8 "
(397mm)
DPN000240_Rev0
Site Preparation and Installation
2.4.4
Electrical Connections, Evaporator or Chilled-Water Unit
!
WARNING
!
WARNING
Unit contains hazardous electrical voltage. Disconnect power supply before working
within. Line side of factory disconnect remains energized when disconnect is off.
UNIT CONTAINS HAZARDOUS ELECTRICAL VOLTAGE. More than one disconnect
may be required to remove power. Evaporator and condensing units may have separate
disconnects. Open all disconnects before working within.
Each unit is shipped from the factory with internal wiring completed. Refer to electrical schematic, Figure 11, Figure 25, and Figure 26 when making connections. Electrical connections
to be made at the installation site are:
• Power supply to each ceiling unit and control wiring between the evaporator unit and the condensing unit, if applicable.
• Control wiring between the control panel (wallbox) and the evaporator or chilled-water unit
control board.
Power Connections
All power and control wiring and ground connections must be in accordance with the National
Electrical Code (NEC) and local codes. Refer to Unit serial tag data for electrical requirements.
!
CAUTION
Use copper wiring only. Make sure that all connections are tight.
Voltage supplied must agree with the voltage specified on the unit serial tag. A field supplied disconnect switch may be required. Consult local code.
Route the electrical service conduit through the hole provided in the cabinet and terminate it at
the electric box. Make connections at the factory terminal block or disconnect switch, L1, L2, L3.
Connect earth ground to lug provided. See transformer label for primary tap connections.
Installer will need to change transformer primary taps if applied unit voltage is other than prewired tap voltage.
An optional single point power kit is available for units that are close coupled (refer to Figure 11
and 2.4.3 - Piping Connections and Coolant Requirements). This kit should be mounted
inside the evaporator unit before installing the unit in the ceiling. Specific installation instructions are included with the single point power kit.
Control Connections (10-wire on air-cooled, 8-wire on water/glycol cooled)
A field-supplied control connection (24 VAC) is required between the evaporator and the condensing unit. Control wiring must be installed in accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC)
Class 2 circuit. Glycol-cooled units also require a two-wire control connection to the drycooler and
pump.
Control wiring between the evaporator and the condensing unit must not allow a voltage drop in
the line of more than 1 volt (16 gauge minimum for 75 feet). Do not connect additional electrical devices to the control circuit. The internal control transformer is only sized for factorysupplied components.
Additional control wiring will be required if your system includes other optional monitoring and
control devices.
Four (4) wire (thermostat type) must be connected between the evaporator control board and the
wall box. See Figure 25 and Figure 26 and see Figure 11 for electrical connections.
17
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 11 Evaporator unit electrical connections
Customer Remote Alarm
Connection TB50,51,56,24.
Field supplied 24V Class 2
wiring.
Earth Ground Connection
Connection terminal for field
supplied earth grounding wire.
Optional factory installed
disconnect switch.
High Volt Power Connections
Electric service connection terminals.
Common Alarm Connection.
Use field supplied 24V
Class 2 wire. TB75-76.
Drycooler/Circulating Pump Control
Circuit TB70-71. Optional
W/Glycool/Econ-O-Cycle models.
Use field supplied 24V class 2 wire.
Optional Condensate Pump
Auxiliary Float Switch Shut
Down Connection
TB60-61.
Microprocessor
Board
FRONT OF UNIT
Remote Control Panel Connection to
TB3-1,2,3,4 connected with field supplied
Thermostat wire (22ga, shielded/jacketed:
available from Liebert or others).
Heat Rejection Connection. Field supplied
24V NEC Class 2 wiring TB1-10. See note 2.
Optional Remote Sensor
Connection P16-1,2,3,4.
1
60
24
2
61
3
70
50
51
4
71
56
5
75
11
6
76
12
7
77
8
78
9
84
10
37
85
38
Remote Unit Shutdown. Use field supplied
24V Class 2 wire. Replace existing jumper
between TB37 & TB38 with NC switch
having a minimum 75 VA rating.
Field supplied unit disconnect switch
when factory unit disconnect switch
is not supplied.
Entrance for customer high
volt connections.
Remote Humidifier Contact
Field Supplied 24V class 2
wiring to terminals 11 & 12,
located in field wire
compartment.
Site Monitoring Connection.
Terminals TB78 (+) TB77 (-) are for
connection of a 2 wire, twisted pair,
communication cable to optional
Electric service
sitescan.
not by Liebert
Optional Main Fan Auxilary
Side Switch TB84-85.
Field supplied 24V Class 2
wire.
NOTES:
1. Refer to specification sheet for
full load amp. and wire size amp.
ratings.
2. Control voltage wiring must be a
minimum of 16 GA (1.6mm) for up
to 75’ (23m) or not to exceed 1 volt
drop in control line.
Electrical entrance for
optional condensate
pump on left side of unit.
Optional Single
Point Power Kit
Field supplied, field wired thermostat wire to remote wall box.
Entrance for customer low
voltage connections.
Entrance for customer low voltage connections
Field supplied 24V (NEC Class2 wiring) to condensing unit. (if applicable)
18
DPN000244_Rev0
Site Preparation and Installation
2.5
Indoor Air-Cooled Centrifugal Fan Condensing Unit Installation
2.5.1
Location Considerations
The centrifugal fan air-cooled condensing unit may be located above the dropped ceiling or any remote
indoor area. If noise is of concern, the condensing unit should be located away from personnel. Normal
operating sound may be objectionable if the condensing unit is placed near quiet work areas.
To mount the unit in the ceiling, refer to 2.4 - Installing the Evaporator or Chilled-Water Units
for hanging guidelines and to Figure 13 for dimensional data.
2.5.2
Ducting
Fan operation is designed for 5000 CFM (8495 CMH) at 0.5" external static pressure.
General Considerations
Use flexible duct work or nonflammable cloth collars to attach duct work to the unit and to control
vibration transmission to the building. Attach the duct work to the unit using the flanges provided.
Locate the unit and duct work so that the discharge air does not short circuit to the return air inlet.
Duct work that runs through a conditioned space or is exposed to areas where condensation may
occur must be insulated. Duct work should be suspended using flexible hangers. Duct work should not
be fastened directly to the building structure.
For multiple unit installations, space the units so that the hot condensing unit exhaust air is not
directed toward the air inlet of an adjacent unit.
Considerations for Specific Applications
In applications where the ceiling plenum is used as the heat rejection domain, the discharge
air must be directed away from the condensing unit air inlet and a screen must be added to the end of
the discharge duct to protect service personnel. Locate the air discharge a minimum of 4 feet from an
adjacent wall. Failure to do so may result in reduced air flow and poor system performance.
If the condensing unit draws air from the outside of the building, rain hoods must be
installed. Hood intake dimensions should be the same as the condensing unit duct dimensions. In
addition, install a triple layer bird screen over rain hood openings to eliminate the possibility of
insects, birds, water, or debris entering the unit. Avoid directing the hot exhaust air toward adjacent
doors or windows.
19
Site Preparation and Installation
2.5.3
Piping Connections
Details for refrigerant (R-22) loop piping are in 2.4.3 - Piping Connections and Coolant Requirements.
Figure 12 Piping connections - indoor air-cooled centrifugal fan condensing unit
Condenser Coil
Scroll
Compressor
High Pressure
Switch
Liquid Injection
Valve Bulb
Suction Line Male Quick
Connect Coupling
Suction Line Female Quick
*
Connect Coupling
3 - Way Head
Pressure
Control Valve
Hot Gas Bypass
Control Valve
Sensing Bulb
External Equalizer
Hot Gas Bypass
Solenoid Valve
3/8" (9.5mm) FLR
Pressure Relief Valve
Check
Valve
Sight Glass
Liquid Injection
Valve
Lee - Temp
Receiver
Liquid Line
Solenoid Valve
Service Access
Ports
*
Liquid Line Male Quick
Connect Coupling
Receiver Heater
Pressure Limiting
Switch
Pressure Balancing
Valve
Liquid Line Female Quick
Connect Coupling
Filter
Drier
Expansion Valve
(Two circuits required, single circuit shown for clarity)
DPN000236_Rev0
Evaporator Coil
2.5.4
Electrical Connections - Condensing Unit
Refer to 2.4.4 - Electrical Connections, Evaporator or Chilled-Water Unit and Figure 14 for
general wiring requirements and cautions. Refer to electrical schematic when making connections.
Refer to unit serial tag for full load amp and wire size amp ratings.
Power Connections
The condensing unit requires its own power source and earth ground, with a disconnect switch to isolate the unit for maintenance.
NOTE
Refer to serial tag for full load amp and wire size amp ratings
Control Connections
Field-supplied control wires must be connected between the evaporator and the condensing unit (See
Figure 14 and the electrical schematic on the units for more details.) Seven (7) wires are required
between the evaporator and condensing unit. Eighth and ninth wires are required on systems with
hot gas bypass.
20
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 13 Indoor air-cooled centrifugal condensing unit dimensions and pipe connections
66 9/32 "
(1683.5mm)
CABINET
DIMENSION
Customer supplied
threaded rods for module
support from ceiling (1/2"
minimum diameter
recommended) (typ. 4).
40 5/32 "
(1020mm)
CABINET
DIMENSION
1 13/16 "
(40mm)
19 1/32 "
(483mm)
59 13/16 "
(1519mm)
8 13/16 "
(224mm)
1 3/32 "
(26mm)
13/16"
(21mm)
16 5/16 "
(414mm)
23 7/8 "
(606mm)
26 3/8 "
(670mm)
64 1/4 "
(1632mm)
THREADED ROD
CENTERS
42 17/32 "
(1080.3mm)
THREADED ROD
CENTERS
NOTE: Unit is spaced evenly in
reference to threaded
rod centers.
Hanger
Bracket
Shaded area indicates a
recommended clearance of
30" (762mm) for component
access and removal.
9/16" (14mm) dia. holes for
threaded rods (typ. 2 each end)
Air Outlet
Air Inlet
7/8" (22mm) & 1 1/8" (29mm)
dia. knockouts electrical entrance
for high voltage connection
Single Point Power Kit
connection from Evaporator.
System 1 (3Ton) Suction Line Connection,
Aeroquip #11 Male.
System 2 (5Ton) Suction Line Connection,
Aeroquip #12 Male.
System 1 (3Ton) Liquid Line Connection,
Aeroquip #6 Male.
System 2 (5Ton) Liquid Line Connection,
Aeroquip #10 Male.
7/8" (22.2mm) dia. knockout
electrical entrance for alternate
control panel low voltage routing.
21
7/8" (22.2mm) dia. electrical entrance
for low voltage connection.
DPN000248_Rev1
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 14 Indoor air-cooled centrifugal condenser electrical connections
Field Supplied Unit Disconnect
Switch when Factory Unit
Disconnect Switch is not
Supplied.
Electric Service not
by Liebert.
Line VoltageElectric Power Supply
Conduit.
Removable
Access Panels
Connection Terminal for
Field Supplied Earth
Grounding Wire.
Optional Factory Installed
Disconnect Switch.
Openings for Field Supplied
24V NEC Class 2 Wiring
Between Condensing Unit and
Fan/Coil Unit.
. Field
Heat rejection connection
supplied 24V NEC class 2 wiring. See note 2.
Wire connections from evaporator module:
1. 24V GND System 1
Low VoltageElectric Power
2. 24V Supply System 1
Supply Conduit Entrance.
3. High Pressure Alarm System 1
4. Hot Gas Bypass Connection System 1
(only on units with hot gas bypass.
If no hot gas bypass, connection is
provided in the evaporator module.
Connect wire 4 and wire 2 to the
24V supply).
5. 24V GND System 2
6. 24V Supply System 2
7. High Pressure Alarm System 2
8. Hot Gas Bypass Connection System 2
(only on units with hot gas bypass.
If no hot gas bypass, connection is
4"
6 "
provided in the evaporator module.
(101.6mm)
(152.4mm)
Connect wire 8 and wire 6 to the
8 1/2 "
24V supply).
(215.9mm)
9. 24V GND Condenser Fan
10. 24V SUPPLY Condenser Fan
12 1/2 "
(317.5mm)
16 1/2 "
(419.1mm)
NOTES:
1. Refer to specification sheet for full load amp. and wire size amp. ratings.
2. Control voltage wiring must be a minimum of 16 GA (1.6mm) for up to 75’ (23m) or not
to exceed 1 volt drop in control line.
22
DPN000249_Rev0
Site Preparation and Installation
2.6
Outdoor Air-Cooled Condensing Unit Installation
2.6.1
Location Considerations
To insure a satisfactory air supply, locate air-cooled propeller fan condensing units in an environment
providing clean air, away from loose dirt and foreign matter that may clog the coil. Condensing units
must not be located in the vicinity of steam, hot air, or fume exhausts, or closer than 18 inches from a
wall, obstruction, or adjacent unit. Avoid areas where heavy snow will accumulate at air inlet and discharge locations.
The condensing unit should be located for maximum security and maintenance accessibility. Avoid
ground-level sites with public access.
Install a solid base, capable of supporting the weight of the condensing unit. The base should be at
least 2 inches higher than the surrounding grade and 2 inches larger than the dimensions of the condensing unit base. For snowy areas, a base of sufficient height to clear snow accumulation must be
installed.
2.6.2
Piping Connections
Details for refrigerant (R-22) loop piping are in Figure 12 - Piping connections - indoor aircooled centrifugal fan condensing unit.
2.6.3
Electrical Connections
Refer to 2.4.4 - Electrical Connections, Evaporator or Chilled-Water Unit for general wiring
requirements and cautions. Refer to electrical schematic when making connections.
Power Connections
The outdoor condensing unit requires its own power source and earth ground, with a disconnect
switch (field supplied) to isolate the unit for maintenance.
Control Connections
Field-supplied control wires must be connected between the evaporator and the condensing unit. (See
Figure 6 and the electrical schematic on the units for more details.) Seven (7) wires are required
between the evaporator and condensing unit. Eighth and ninth wires are required on systems with
hot gas bypass.
23
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 15 Electrical field connections - outdoor condensing unit
Field supplied unit
disconnect switch.
Single or three phase
electric service not provided
by Liebert.
Field supplied 24V NEC class 2
wiring to evaporator module.
Electric service
connection
to contactor
or terminal block.
Factory wired
to components on
electric panel.
Single or three phase
electric service not
provided by Liebert.
High voltage
electric power
supply entrance.
Heat rejection connection.Field
supplied 24V NEC class 2 wiring.
Wire connections from evaporator module:
1 24V GND System 1
2 24V Supply System 1
3 High Pressure Alarm System 1
4 Hot Gas Bypass Connection System 1
(only on units with hot gas bypass.
If no hot gas bypass, connection is
provided in the evaporator module.
Connect wire 4 and wire 2 to the
24V supply).
5 24V GND System 2
6 24V Supply System 2
7 High Pressure Alarm System 2
8 Hot Gas Bypass Connection System 2
(only on units with hot gas bypass.
If no hot gas bypass, connection is
provided in the evaporator module.
Connect wire 8 and wire 6 to the
24V supply).
9 24V GND Condenser Fan
10 24V SUPPLY Condenser Fan
Low voltage
electric power supply
entrance.
Earth ground connection
terminal for field wiring.
NOTE: Refer to specification sheet
for full load amp and wire size
amp ratings.
DPN000135_Rev0
24
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 16 Footprint dimensions - outdoor condensing unit
GUARD
HEIGHT
TOP
AIR
DISCHARGE
D
RIGHT
AIR
INTAKE
B
LEFT
AIR
INTAKE
SHADED AREA
INDICATES A RECOMMENDED
CLEARANCE OF 18" (457mm)
FOR PROPER AIR FLOW
2 "
(51mm)
A
SHADED AREA
INDICATES A RECOMMENDED
CLEARANCE OF 18" (457mm)
FOR PROPER AIR FLOW
C
SHADED AREA
INDICATES A RECOMMENDED
CLEARANCE OF 24" (610mm)
FOR COMPONENT
ACCESS AND REMOVAL
REMOVABLE FRONT PANEL FOR
ACCESS TO HIGH VOLTAGE &
LOW VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS
AND REFRIGERATION COMPONENTS
36 1/8 "
(918mm)
4 " TYP.
(102mm)
53 3/16 "
(1351mm)
2 " TYP.
(51mm)
1/2" Bolt-Down Holes
(6 places)
4 23/32 "
(120mm)
2 "
(51mm)
25 3/32 "
(637mm)
32 1/8 "
(816mm)
2 "
(51mm)
46 7/32 "
(1174mm)
FOOTPRINT DIMENSIONS
Model
DPN000131_Rev0
Dimensional Data in. (mm)
60 Hz
50 Hz
Width (A)
Height (B)
Depth (C)
Net Weight
lbs (kg)
PFC096A-_L
PFH096A-_H
PFC095A-_L
PFH095A-_L
53 (1343)
53 (1343)
36-1/4 (918)
36-1/4 (918)
38-1/2 (978)
38-1/2 (978)
488 (222)
488 (222)
25
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 17 Piping and electrical connections - outdoor condensing unit
SL-11081Page7
Model Numbers
Electrical Connections In. (mm)
Piping Connections In. (mm)
60 Hz
50 Hz
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
PFC096A-L
PFC095A-L
2
(51)
6
(152)
8-1/2
(216)
4-3/4
(121)
7-3/4
(197)
8-1/2
(216)
11-1/2
(292)
26
Site Preparation and Installation
2.7
Indoor Water- and Glycol-Cooled Condensing Unit Installation
2.7.1
Location Considerations
The condensing unit may be located above the dropped ceiling or any remote indoor area. If noise is of
concern, the condensing unit should be located away from personnel. Normal operating sound may be
objectionable if the condensing unit is placed near quiet work areas.
To mount the unit in the ceiling, refer to 2.4 - Installing the Evaporator or Chilled-Water Units.
2.7.2
Piping Connections
Details for Refrigerant (R-22) Loop piping are in 2.4.3 - Piping Connections and Coolant
Requirements.
Water/Glycol Piping Considerations
Refer to Figure 20 for recommended field installed piping hardware such as shut-off valves and hosebibs. Water filters should be installed if water quality is poor. Filters will extend the service life and
efficiency of the condensers.
Condensing Unit Fluid Requirements
The maximum fluid pressure is 150 psi standard pressure or 350 psi for high pressure units (Refer to
unit serial tag and model number description page at beginning of this manual).
NOTE
HVAC grade ethylene or propylene glycol should be used on glycol systems.
Automotive antifreeze must not be used.
Regulating Valve
Water/Glycol-cooled units include a coolant flow regulating valve which is factory adjusted and should
not need field adjustment.
Standard water pressure and high water pressure valves are adjusted differently. Contact Liebert
Service before making any adjustments.
2.7.3
Electrical Connections
Refer to 2.4.4 - Electrical Connections, Evaporator or Chilled-Water Unit for general wiring
requirements and cautions. Refer to electrical schematic when making connections. Refer to serial tag
for full load amp and wire size amp ratings.
Control Connections
A six-wire control connection is required from the evaporator unit to the water/glycol condensing unit.
Two (2) additional wires are required when hot gas bypass is ordered. Glycol-cooled units also
require a two-wire control connection to the drycooler and pump package.
27
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 18 Indoor water/glycol condensing unit dimensional data
1. 24V GND System 1
2. 24V Supply System 1
3. High-Pressure Alarm
System 1
4. Hot Gas Bypass
Connection System 1
(only on units with hot
gas bypass. If no hot gas
bypass, connection is
provided in the
evaporator module.
Connect wire 4 and wire 2
to the 24V supply).
5. 24V GND System 2
6. 24V Supply System 2
7. High-Pressure Alarm
System 2
8. Hot Gas Bypass
Connection System 2
(only on units with hot
gas bypass. If no hot gas
bypass, connection is
provided in the
evaporator module.
Connect wire 8 and wire 6
to the 24V supply).
28
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 19 Indoor water/glycol condensing unit electrical field connections
29
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 20 System piping with indoor water/glycol-cooled condensing unit
Two circuits provided. Single circuit shown.
SL-11088Pg7
30
Site Preparation and Installation
2.8
Optional Equipment Piping
2.8.1
Free-Cooling Coil (GLYCOOL)
The free-cooling coil is a secondary coil located upstream of the DX coil. To take maximum advantage
of available free-cooling, the secondary coil may operate at the same time as the DX coil. A temperature sensor is factory-mounted to the free-cooling piping. When fluid temperature is sufficiently below
the room temperature, cooling is provided by circulating the fluid through the secondary cooling coil
(flow is controlled by a motorized valve). Compressors are staged on if needed to supplement the freecooling. To keep deposits from building up in the free-cooling coil, the coil is flushed periodically.
NOTE
If the free-cooling coil is piped to an open water tower, a CU/NI (cupro-nickel) type coil must
be ordered to prevent corrosion of the copper tubes; or a heat exchanger must separate the
tower water from the free-cooling loop.
On water-cooled systems, the free-cooling coil outlet can be field piped to the condensing unit inlet,
provided a 3-way regulating valve has been installed within the water/glycol condensing unit (see
Figure 21).
Figure 21 Optional free cooling coil (3-way valve) on water/glycol units
SL-11088Pg12
31
Site Preparation and Installation
Figure 22 Optional free cooling coil (3-way valve) on air-cooled units
SL-11088Pg12
32
Site Preparation and Installation
2.9
Checklist for Completed Installation
___ 1. Proper clearance for service access has been maintained around the equipment.
___ 2. Equipment is level and lock-nuts are installed with the leveling nuts on the spring isolators.
___ 3. Piping completed to refrigerant or coolant loop (if required). Refrigerant charge added (if
required).
___ 4. Condensate pump installed (if required).
___ 5. Drain line Connected.
___ 6. Water supply line connected to humidifier (if required). Route to allow air filter removal.
___ 7. Field provided pan with drain installed under all cooling units and water/glycol condensing
units.
___ 8. Filter box installed.
___ 9. Ducting completed.
___ 10. Filter(s) installed in return air duct.
___ 11. Line voltage to power wiring matches equipment serial tag.
___ 12. Power wiring connections completed and phased correctly between disconnect switch,
evaporator, and condensing unit, including earth ground.
___ 13. Power line circuit breakers or fuses have proper ratings for equipment installed.
___ 14. Control wiring connections completed to evaporator and condensing unit (if required,
including wiring to wall-mounted control panel and optional controls).
___ 15. Control panel DIP switches set based on customer requirements.
___ 16. All wiring connections are tight.
___ 17. Foreign materials have been removed from in and around all equipment installed (shipping
materials, construction materials, tools, etc.)
___ 18. Fans and blowers rotate freely without unusual noise.
___ 19. Inspect all piping connections for leaks during initial operations. Correct as needed.
33
Microprocessor Control
3.0
MICROPROCESSOR CONTROL
The Microprocessor Control for the Liebert Mini-Mate2 unit features an easy to use menu-driven
LCD display. The menus, control features, and circuit board details are described in this section.
Detailed information concerning controls (4.0 - System Performance Microprocessor Controls)
and alarms (5.0 - Alarms) are provided.
3.1
Feature Overview
To turn the unit ON, press the ON/OFF (I/O) key after power is applied. To turn the unit OFF, press
the ON/OFF (I/O) key before power is disconnected.
The following control keys may be used to move through the menus, as prompted on the LCD display:
• ON/OFF (I/O) – turns unit on or off (top far left).
• Menu – Enables user to access the program menu to change control parameters, alarms, setback
schedule, etc. (top near left).
• Increase (UP) – Raises the value of displayed parameter while in a set mode (setpoints, time, etc.)
(Arrow-top near right) and navigates the program menu.
• Escape (ESC) – Allows user to move back to a previous menu (top far right).
• Alarm Silence/Help – If an alarm is present, pressing this keypad will silence he alarm. If this key
is pressed when no alarms are present, help text will appear (bottom near left).
• Decrease (DOWN) Arrow – Lowers the value of displayed parameter while in a set mode (bottom
near right) and navigates the program menu.
• Enter – After setting a control point, press ENTER to store the information in the microprocessor
(bottom far right) Also, press ENTER to select a menu item.
Figure 23 Wall box
Active alarms are displayed on the LCD screen and sound an audible beeper. To silence an alarm,
press the Alarm Silence/Help key as prompted on the display.
Setpoints, DIP switch settings, and other selections were made during factory testing of your unit and
are based upon typical operating experience. (Other default selections were made according to options
included with your unit). MAKE ADJUSTMENTS TO THE FACTORY DEFAULT SELECTIONS
ONLY IF THEY DO NOT MEET YOUR SPECIFICATIONS.
Allowable ranges are displayed by pressing the help key. A password will be required (if enabled) to
change setpoints, time delays, etc.
The display normally shown includes the present room temperature, humidity, active status functions (cooling, heating, dehumidifying, humidifying), and active alarms. More detailed status and
alarm information is available from the menu.
34
Microprocessor Control
3.2
Main Menu <Menu>
Press the MENU key to display the Main Menu. The Menu selections (in the following order) include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SETPOINTS
STATUS
ACTIVE ALARMS
ALARM HISTORY
TIME
DATE
SETBACK
SETUP OPERATION
SETPT PASSWORD
SETUP PASSWORD
CALIBRATE SENSOR
ALARM ENABLE
ALARM TIME DELAY
COM ALARM ENABLE
CUSTOM ALARMS
CUSTOM TEXT
DIAGNOSTICS
end of MENU
Use the UP/DOWN arrow to scroll through the selections, then, when ready to select a particular
function, press ENTER.
35
Microprocessor Control
3.3
Setpoints
Setpoints and system setup parameters are kept in nonvolatile memory. Selecting SETPOINTS from
the Main Menu will display the following selections:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
TEMPERATURE SETPOINT
TEMPERATURE SENSITIVITY
HUMIDITY SETPOINT
HUMIDITY SENSITIVITY
HIGH TEMPERATURE ALARM
LOW TEMPERATURE ALARM
HIGH HUMIDITY ALARM
LOW HUMIDITY ALARM
Scroll through this sub-menu by using the UP/DOWN arrow, then press ENTER to select a particular function. To change a value, press ENTER and use the UP/DOWN arrows. When the value has
been changed, press ENTER to store the value. For example, to change the temperature setpoint
from the main status display:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press MENU key to display main menu.
Scroll to “SETPOINTS” using the UP/DOWN arrow key. Press ENTER.
Scroll to “TEMP SETPT” using the UP/DOWN arrow key. Press ENTER.
Use the UP/DOWN arrow to change the value. Press ENTER.
Table 10
Default setpoints and allowable ranges
Setpoint
3.4
Default
Range
Temperature Setpoint
72°F
40-90°F (5-32°C)
Temperature Sensitivity
2.0°F
1-9.9°F (0.6-5.6°C)
Humidity Setpoint
50%
20-80% RH
Humidity Sensitivity
5%
1-30% RH
High Temperature Alarm
80°F
35-95°F
(2-35°C)
Low Temperature Alarm
65°F
35-95°F
(2-35°C)
High Humidity Alarm
60%
15-85% RH
Low Humidity Alarm
40%
15-85% RH
Status
The operator can monitor the percentage heating, cooling, dehumidifying, and humidifying status of
the unit by selecting “STATUS” from the main menu.
3.5
Active Alarms
The operator can monitor the alarms status by selecting “ACTIVE ALARMS” which will display a
“Alarm XX of YY” alert and description. If more than one alarm is activated, use the Up/Down arrow
to scroll through the alarms list. (“XX” reference is the number of the alarm shown, and the “YY” reference is the total number of alarms activated).
3.6
Alarm History
A history of the 10 most recent alarms is kept in non-volatile memory complete with the date and
time of their occurrence. The first alarm in the history is the most recent, and the 10th is the oldest. If
the ALARM HISTORY is full (10 alarms) and a new alarm occurs, the oldest is lost and the newest is
saved in ALARM HISTORY location 1.The rest are moved down the list by 1. ALARM HISTORY on
new units may show the results of factory testing.
36
Microprocessor Control
3.7
Time
The controller time clock must be set to allow for the setback control. The clock uses the 24-hour system (i.e., 12 midnight is entered 24:00). To change the time press ENTER to select the function, then
use the UP/DOWN arrow to change the first character, press ENTER to store, then press the UP/
DOWN arrow key to change the character, press ENTER to store, etc. The real time clock is backedup.
3.8
Date
The controller date must be set to allow for setback control. To change the date press ENTER, then
use the UP/DOWN arrow to change the first character, press ENTER to store, press the UP/DOWN
arrow key to change the second character, etc.
3.9
Setback
The microprocessor can be programmed for night and weekend setback. Two (2) events can be programmed for a five-day workweek and two (2) events can be programmed for a two-day weekend. The
following table can be used to devise a setback plan.
Table 11
Night and weekend setback plan
Event
Weekend
Weekday
Time 1
Temperature1
Sensitivity 1
Humidity 1
Humidity Sensitivity 1
Time 2
Temperature 2
Sensitivity 2
Humidity 2
Humidity Sensitivity 2
3.10
Setup Operation
Selecting SETUP OPERATION from the Main Menu will display the following selections:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RESTART TIME DELAY
C/F DEGREES
HUMIDITY CONTROL METHOD
LEAD COMPRESSOR
SHOW DIP SWITCH
VALVE TIME (if valve present)
CW FLUSH (if valve present)
Use the UP/DOWN ARROW to scroll through the submenu. Press ENTER to select a particular
function.
3.10.1 Restart Time Delay
This function delays unit restart after main power is restored to the unit. If several systems are operating, the time delays should be set to different values to cause a sequential start. Delay can be set
from 0.1 minutes (6 seconds to 9.9 minutes. Setting the value to zero (0) will prevent unit restart
when power is restored. In this case, the unit must be restarted manually by pressing the ON/OFF
button on the keypad.
37
Microprocessor Control
3.10.2 C/F Degrees
The control may be selected to show readings and setpoints in either degrees Fahrenheit (°F) or in
degrees Celsius (°C). To change the value use ENTER to select this function, then use the UP/DOWN
arrow to change the value. Press ENTER to store the value.
3.10.3 Humidity Control Method
The operator may select either relative (direct) or absolute (predictive) humidity control. If “relative”
is selected, the RH control is taken directly from the RH sensor. If “absolute” is selected, the RH control is automatically adjusted whenever return air temperature deviates from the desired temperature setpoint (i.e., predictive humidity control). The LCD display will indicate percentage relative
humidity for both methods of control. If the “absolute” feature is selected, the adjusted humidity reading will also be shown. When utilizing the predictive humidity control feature, the humidity level is
automatically adjusted ~2% RH for each degree difference between the return air temperature and
the temperature setpoint.
Unnecessary dehumidification can result when overcooling occurs during a dehumidification cycle.
This is due to a higher than normal RH reading caused by overcooling the room (about 2% RH for
each degree of overcooling). This drop in temperature extends the dehumidification cycle. Later, when
the dehumidification ends and the temperature rises to the setpoint, the RH reading falls. The final
RH reading will then be lower than actually desired. If the temperature drop was significant enough,
the percentage RH could be low enough to activate the humidifier.
If the absolute humidity control is selected, over-dehumidification may be avoided. When overcooling
occurs (i.e., causing an increase in the RH reading) the humidity control program estimates what the
RH will be when the dehumidification cycle ends and temperature returns to the setpoint. This allows
the dehumidification cycle to end at the proper time. Predictive humidity control can greatly reduce
energy consumption by minimizing both compressor/reheat operation. Use the UP/DOWN ARROW
key to select the desired humidity control method.
3.10.4 Lead Compressor
This function allows the user to select which compressor is the lead: Compressor 1 (3 ton), Compressor 2 (5 ton), or Auto. The factory default is Auto. If Auto is selected, the control will determine which
compressor is to be the lead compressor based on the average room load over the previous one hour of
operation.
3.10.5 Show DIP Switch
This function shows the position of the DIP switches which are located on the control board in the
unit. 1 = Switch is “ON” and 0 = Switch is “OFF”. For more information on the DIP switches and their
functions, see Table 17 Equipment Switch Settings.
3.10.6 Valve Time (For Systems With a Modulating Chilled-Water Valve)
This function shows the full valve travel time of the modulating valve on a chilled-water system. This
is the time it takes for the valve to travel from full closed to full open. It is programmable from 50 to
250 seconds; factory default time is 165 seconds and should not be changed unless actual valve travel
time is not correct. The full valve travel time is used by the control to determine the appropriate valve
position. For example, if the valve travel time is 165 seconds and 50% cooling is being called for, the
valve will open for 83 seconds to achieve 50% open.
38
Microprocessor Control
3.10.7 CW Flush (For Systems With a Modulating Chilled-Water Valve)
This function shows the interval time at which the system will perform a modulating chilled-water
valve system flush cycle. The factory default is 24 (hours) and is programmable from 0 (hours) which
signifies to never flush, to 99 (hours) which signifies to flush after every 99 hours of valve non-use. If
the valve is called on by the control to open within the programmed interval time, the timer will be
reset to 0. The flush cycle is active even when the fan is turned off, but power is applied to the unit.
When the interval timer reaches the programmed time, the valve will be opened for 3 minutes to flush
any contaminates which may have collected in the system.
Table 12
Setup functions, default values and allowable ranges
Function
Restart Time Delay
3.11
Default
Range
0.1
0 to 9.9 min
(0 = manual restart)
C/F Degrees
°F
°C or °F
Humidity Control
Rel
Relative or Absolute
Valve Time
165
50 to 250 sec(s)
CW Flush
24
0 to 99 hours
Change Passwords
The display will prompt the operator to enter a three digit password when attempting to make
changes. The system includes two (2) passwords, one for setpoints and one for setup. The system
allows the password to be changed by first entering the default password set at the factory (1-2-3) for
setpoints and (3-2-1) for setup. The password function provides system security, so that only authorized personnel are allowed to make changes to the system. (If unauthorized changes are being made,
the passwords may be compromised and new ones should be selected). The password function can be
disabled by setting DIP switch 8 in the wallbox to OFF, then resetting power to the unit.
3.12
Calibrate Sensors
The temperature and humidity sensors can be calibrated by selecting the CALIBRATE SENSORS
menu item. The temperature sensor can be calibrated ±5°F, while the humidity sensor can be calibrated ±10% RH. When calibrating the humidity sensor, the value shown will always be % RH, even
though absolute humidity control may be selected. If absolute humidity control is selected, the Normal Status Display will display the adjusted reading. This reading may not agree with the relative
humidity reading displayed while in calibration.
If the sensors are subject to frequent wide temperature and humidity swings, it may be necessary to
shorten the cycling by increasing the sensor response time delay. If the sensors are located too close to
the air discharge, they will likely experience rapid swings in measurement. The factory default is 30
seconds. Another method in reducing compressor cycling is to increase the temperature and/or humidity sensitivity.
3.13
Alarm Enable
Each alarm can be disabled or enabled. Use the UP/DOWN ARROW to select a particular alarm,
press Enter to select either enable or disable. Then press Enter again to store the change. When the
alarm is disabled it will NOT report to either the wallbox beeper or the common alarm relay. The high
water in condensate pan and high head alarms cannot be disabled.
NOTE
The high-water alarm will automatically shut the unit off.
39
Microprocessor Control
3.14
Alarm Time Delay
Each individual alarm can be programmed with a time delay (Table 13), causing the unit to delay a
specified amount of time (0-255 seconds) before recognizing the alarm. The alarm condition must be
present for the full amount of the time delay before the alarm will sound. If the alarm condition is
diverted prematurely, the alarm will not be recognized and the time delay will automatically reset.
NOTE
For software alarms such as “loss of power” and “short cycle,” the time
delay should be left at the factory default of 0.
Table 13
Alarm default time delays
Alarm
3.15
Default Time Delay
(seconds)
Hum Prob
2
Chng Fltr
2
Custom Alarm #1
0
Custom Alarm #2
0
Custom Alarm #3
0
High Temperature
30
Low Temperature
30
High Humidity
30
Low Humidity
30
Short Cycle 1 & 2
0
Loss of Power
0
Common Alarm Enable
Each individual alarm can be selected to activate/deactivate the common alarm relay. If the energize
common alarm function is set to YES, the relay is energized immediately as the alarm is enunciated,
and de-energized when the alarm condition has cleared. If the alarm is completely DISABLED, the
alarm has no effect on the common alarm relay. Use the UP/DOWN arrows to scroll to a particular
alarm, press the ENTER button to select it, then press the ENTER key again to select Yes or No.
3.16
Custom Alarms
The custom alarm messages can be selected from a list of standard alarm messages, or the operator
can write his/her own message. A MAXIMUM OF THREE (3) ALARM MESSAGES CAN BE CUSTOMIZED.
The text for custom alarms can be changed at any time by selecting “CUSTOM ALARMS”. To change
the text for a custom alarm, select the alarm you would like to change, 1, 2 or 3. Using the UP/DOWN
arrows, step through the list of seven standard alarm messages (listed below) and two custom alarms.
Select the alarm message desired and store it by pressing ENTER.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SMOKE DETECTED
CUSTOM 2
CUSTOM 3
STANDBY GC PUMP
WATER FLOW LOSS
STANDBY UNIT ON
CUSTOM 1
40
Microprocessor Control
3.17
Custom Text
To modify the two custom alarm messages select “CUSTOM TEXT”. Then select “Custom Text #1,”
“Custom Text #2” or “Custom Text #3.” Text can be up to 16 characters in length and can be either a
blank space or any of the following alphanumeric characters and symbols:
• A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W,X,Y,Z
• #,%,*,• 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 or 9
Use the UP/DOWN arrows to select a character, then press ENTER. The cursor will move to the
next space where you may once use the UP/DOWN arrows to select another character, etc. The custom text alarm will be displayed only if the alarm is selected in Custom Alarms.
LCD Display Contrast
The level of contrast due to the viewing angle of the LCD display can be adjusted using a potentiometer screw, inside the wall box next to the display.
Nonvolatile Memory
All critical information is stored in nonvolatile memory. Setpoints and setup parameters are kept
inside the microcontroller in EEPROM.
Equipment Options Switches
Equipment options are selected and enabled using DIP switches 1 through 7. These are located on the
control board near TB3. These switches are factory set and should not require any user changes. The
setting and function of the switches can be individually read on the LCD display.
NOTE
In order to update the DIP switch settings, power must be cycled off, then on, from the unit
disconnect switch.
Table 14
Switch
Equipment switch settings (unit control board)
OFF Position
ON Position
1
Step Cool
Ramp Cool
2
Step Heat
Ramp Heat
3
Not Used
Not Used
4
No GLYCOOL
GLYCOOL
5
Disable 1 stage CW
Enable 1 stage CW
6
Not used
Not used
7
1-stage
dehumidification
2-stage
dehumidification
8
Disable SCR Reheat
Enable SCR Reheat
Table 15
Switch
Switch settings (wallbox board)
OFF Position
ON Position
1
Beeper Disable
Beeper Enable
2
Not Used
Not Used
3
Not Used
Not Used
4
Enable Reheat
Disable Reheat
5
Enable Hum.
Disable Hum.
6
Enable Dehum.
Disable Dehum.
7
Disable Setback
Enable Setback
8
Enable Password
Disable Password
41
Microprocessor Control
3.18
Run Diagnostics
By selecting Run Diagnostics, maintenance personnel can check system inputs, outputs, and conduct
a test of the microcontroller circuit board from the wall box control. A review of the system inputs and
the microcontroller test can be done without interrupting normal operation.
Test Outputs
• When this feature is selected, the controller is effectively turned off. When stepping from one load
to the next, the previous load is automatically turned off. The loads can also be toggled on/off by
selecting “ENTER”. Once turned on, the output will remain on for five minutes unless toggled off
or the test outputs function is exited by selecting “MENU/ESC” (Compressor is limited to 15 seconds on to prevent damage.
!
CAUTION
!
CAUTION
Testing compressor output for more than a few seconds could damage the compressor. To
eliminate damaging the compressor during testing, DO NOT test compressor output for more
than a few seconds.
Extended unit operation in the test outputs mode for troubleshooting may cause damage to
unit. DO NOT operate unit in the test outputs mode any longer than is necessary for
troubleshooting.
NOTE
Fan turned on with all loads.
The outputs are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Main Fan
Compr1 (3-ton)
Compr1 & HGBP1
Compr2
Compr2 & HGBP2
Compr1 & Compr2
Chill Water/Gly (if present)
Reheat 1
Reheat 2
SCR Reheats (if present)
Humidifier
Common Alarm
Test Inputs
With the unit on and the fan running, the input states may be displayed for the following devices:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Input Power
High Water in Pan
High Head Comp1
High Head Comp2
Air Sail Switch (requires additional factory-installed components)
Filter Clog
Humidifier Prob.
Custom Alarm #1
Custom Alarm #2
Custom Alarm #3
42
Microprocessor Control
Test Micro
By selecting this function, the microcontroller will perform a self test lasting approximately 10 seconds. When the test is complete, the display will show the ROM checksum, ROM part number, and
firmware revision number.
Figure 24 Control menu
Setpoints
Temp Setpt
Temp Sens
Hum Setpt
Hum Sens
Hi Temp Alm
Lo Temp Alrm
Hi Hum Alm
Lo Hum Alm
Status Display
72 F 50 %RH
NO ALARMS
Menu
Setpoints
Status
Active Alarms
Alarm History
Time
Date
Setback
Setup Operation
Setpoint
Password
Setup Password
Calibrate Sensor
Alarm Enable
Alarm Time Delay
Com Alarm
Enable
Custom Alarms
Custom Text
Diagnostics
End of Menu
Status
Dx Cool %
0
CW Valve% 0
Econo Cool % 0
Heat %
0
Dehumidify% 0
Humidify%
0
Active Alarms
No Alarms
or
Alarm 01 of 01
High Head
Time
Date
Setback
Wknd Time 1
On/Off:
Wknd Temp 1
Wknd Tsens 1
Wknd Humd 1
Wknd Hsens 1
Wknd Time 2
On/Off:
Wknd Temp 2
Wknd Tsens 2
Wknd Humd 2
Wknd Hsens 2
Wkdy Time 1
On/Off:
Wkdy Temp 1
Wkdy Humd 1
Wkdy Hsens 1
Wkdy Time 2
On/Off:
Wkdy Temp 2
Wkdy Tsens 2
Wkdy Humd 2
Wkdy Hsens 2
43
Setup Operation
Restart TD
C/F Degrees
Humidity Control
Lead Compr
Dipswch 00000000
Pos 12345678
Valve Time
CW Flush
Setpoint Password
Enter New PSW
Setpt PSW = 000
Setup Password
Enter New PSW
Setup PSW = 000
Calibrate sensor
Temp Cal
Hum Cal
Temp Delay
Hum Delay
Alarm Enable
Hum Prob
Chng Fltr
Loss Air
Custom #1
Custom #2
Custom #3
High Temp
Low Temp
High Hum
Low Hum
Short Cyc1
Short Cyc2
Fan Ovrld
Loss Pwr
Alarm Time Delay
Hum Prob
Chng Filt
Loss Air
Custom #1
Custom #2
Custom #3
High Temp
Low Temp
High Hum
Low Hum
Short Cyc1
Short Cyc2
Fan Ovrld
Loss Pwr
Com Alarm Enable
Hum Prob
Hi Head 1
Hi Head 2
Chng Fltr
Loss Air
Custom #1
Custom #2
Custom #3
Hi Water
High Temp
Low Temp
High Hum
Low Hum
Short Cyc1
Short Cyc2
Fan Ovrld
Loss Pwr
Custom Alarms
Custom Alarm #1
Custom Alarm #2
Custom Alarm #3
Custom Text
Custom Text #1
Custom Text #2
Custom Text #3
Diagnostics
Test Outputs
Test Inputs
Test Microcontroller
Microprocessor Control
Figure 25 Control board (inside evaporator)
P40
P32
P18
P7
P25
T+
T+5V
GND
P8
TB3-4
TB3-3
TB3-2
TB3-1
Connection to Terminal #4 Wallbox
Connection to Terminal #3 Wallbox
Connection to Terminal #2 Wallbox
Connection to Terminal #1 Wallbox
P33
P34
P26
P5
P16
P16 Remote Sensor Connection
P10
P35
P36
P22 P38 P39
P43
P3
P2
P1
P4
TB
G2 G3 G4 G5
Figure 26 Wall box board
TB3-1
TB3-2
TB3-3
TB4-4
Wall Box
DIP Switches (1-8)
44
System Performance Microprocessor Controls
4.0
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE MICROPROCESSOR CONTROLS
4.1
Control Type Response Proportional Control
The percent requirement is determined by the difference between the return air temperature and the
temperature setpoint. As the return air temperature rises above the temperature setpoint, the percent cooling required increases proportionally (from 0 to 100%) over a temperature band equal to the
temperature sensitivity plus 1 degree Fahrenheit. The heating requirement is determined in a similar manner as the temperature decreases below the setpoint. With this control type the temperature
at which the room is controlled increases as the room load increases. At full load the room would be
controlled at a temperature equal to the setpoint plus the sensitivity.
4.2
Cooling
4.2.1
Multi-Step Cooling, Compressorized Direct Expansion (DX) Systems
The system will use the 3-ton (compressor #1) and 5-ton (compressor #2) compressors in an 8-ton system. The control will determine the average cooling requirement updated every hour and select the
lead compressor or, the user can select the lead compressor through the “Setup Operation” menu. At
startup, the 3-ton compressor will be the lead compressor. The compressors will be staged on with hot
gas bypass energized at 50 and 100% cooling requirements. The compressors will turn off at 75% and
25% requirements.
4.2.2
Chilled-Water Cooling (8 Ton)
The chilled-water control valve is adjusted proportionally as the temperature control varies the
requirement for cooling from 0% to 100%. This is based on the full valve travel time programmed in
the “Setup Operation” menu.
4.2.3
GLYCOOL Cooling (8 Ton)
When GLYCOOL is available, the temperature control will calculate a total cooling requirement of
200%. Assuming that full GLYCOOL capacity is available, the GLYCOOL valve opens proportionally
as the requirement for cooling rises from 0 to 100%. If the call for cooling continues to increase, the
control will energize the compressors as needed to match the average cooling requirement. As long as
GLYCOOL is available, the control will leave the valve 100% open. If GLYCOOL cooling is not available, the temperature control will operate the compressors in the same manner as the Multi-Step
without GLYCOOL.
4.3
Reheat
4.3.1
Electric Reheat - Staged
For 2-stage electric reheat, they are activated when the temperature control calculates a requirement
of 50% and 100%. They are deactivated when the requirement decreases to 75% (reheat 2) and 25%
(reheat 1).
4.3.2
SCR Electric Reheat
The SCR (Silicon Controlled Rectifier) controller shall proportionally control the stainless steel
reheats to maintain the selected room temperature. The rapid cycling made possible by the SCR controller provides precise temperature control, and the more constant element temperature extends
heater life. During operation of the SCR control, the compressor(s) operate(s) continuously. The heaters are modulated to provide temperature control. If overcooling occurs, the compressor(s) will be
locked off when the temperature drops to the low temperature alarm. SCR reheats are 15 kW.
45
System Performance Microprocessor Controls
4.4
Dehumidification / Humidification Percent Required
The humidity control for the MM2 is based on a calculated percent requirement for dehumidification
or humidification. The percent requirement is calculated from the difference between the sensor reading and the humidity setpoint, divided by the sensitivity. The control method is selectable between
relative and absolute. Relative humidity control is the default.
4.4.1
Staged Dehumidification, Compressorized Direct Expansion (DX) Systems
For the 8-ton unit operation, 1 or 2 stage dehumidification is selected through DIP switch #7. For 2
stages, the 5-ton compressor is the lead compressor when dehumidifying. Dehumidification will be
staged on at 50 and 100% call. The electric reheats are turned on at 25% cooling (reheat 1) and 25%
heating (reheat 2) for improved temperature control. The reheats are deactivated at 0% and 50% cooling requirement, respectively. If overcooling occurs, the first stage of dehumidification is disabled at
125% call for heating. If 1 stage or 2 stage is selected, dehumidification is disabled at 200% call for
heating. Dehumidification is re-enabled at 66% call for 2 stage and 33% call for 1 stage. For optional
hot water heating, the valve is energized at its normal point, 100% heating requirement.
4.4.2
Humidification Operation
System Activation
The humidifier is activated when the humidity control calculates a requirement for 100% humidification, and is deactivated when the requirement falls below 50%.
4.4.3
Dehumidification Lockout
Dehumidification is locked out if overcooling occurs. Dehumidification on the 8-ton unit is disabled at
125% (first stage) and 200% (all stages) heating requirement. Dehumidification is re-enabled at 66%
and 33% heating requirement.
4.5
Load Control Features
The control system monitors the compressor and prevents it from turning on within a 3-minute period
of being off. If this on-off cycle occurs to often (e.g. 10 times within a one hour period) a Short Cycle
Alarm will occur.
4.6
Communications
The control system uses a two-wire, RS-422 channel to communicate with Liebert Site Products via a
proprietary protocol. A converter board (ECA2) is available to allow communications with a “dumb”
terminal or a computer using RS-232 channel. More details are provided in the Site Products and
ECA2 User Manual.
The communications channel provides both monitoring and control options, including:
•
•
•
•
TEMPERATURE/HUMIDITY: Current temperature and humidity readings.
STATUS (%), Cooling/heating and humidify/dehumidify operating status.
PRESENT ALARMS: Alarms currently activated.
SETPOINTS:
• Temperature Setpoint
• Temperature Sensitivity
• Humidity Setpoint
• Humidity Sensitivity
• High Temperature Alarm
• Low Temperature Alarm
• High Humidity Alarm
• Low Humidity Alarm
• ON/OFF STATUS and CONTROL
• SILENCE ALARM
46
Alarms
5.0
ALARMS
The microprocessor control system will audibly and visually signal all ENABLED Alarms (including
two (2) custom alarms). These special alarms can be chosen from the optional alarm list and/or can
have their own fully custom text. The custom alarm inputs are contact closures wired from terminal
24 through a normally open contact to either 50 (alarm 1), 51 (alarm 2), or 56 (alarm 3). The alarms
can be enabled/disabled (refer to 3.0 - Microprocessor Control) and a time delay of 0-255 seconds
can be set. The alarms can also be programmed to either sound the alarm & activate the common
alarm relay OR to sound the alarm only.
When a new alarm occurs, it is displayed on the screen and the audible alarm is activated. (If communicating with a Liebert Site Product, the alarm is also transmitted). The message “PRESS ALARM
SILENCE” will prompt the operator to silence the alarm. After the alarm is silenced, the display will
return to the Normal Status Display. Alarms can be reviewed by selecting the “ACTIVE ALARMS”
feature. The alarms can also be silenced through communications with a Liebert Site Products Unit.
Many alarms will reset automatically when the alarm condition is no longer present and only after it
has been acknowledged by being “Silenced.” The exceptions are:
1. Software alarms, i.e., Loss of Power and Short Cycle alarms will reset automatically 30 seconds
and 90 minutes respectively, after being silenced or acknowledged; and
2. Specific alarms monitoring overload or high pressure switches may require a manual reset
depending upon the model.
5.1
Alarms: Definitions and Troubleshooting
The following list provides a definition and troubleshooting suggestions for each type of alarm. Refer
to 8.0 - Troubleshooting for additional details. If you need further assistance, contact your Liebert
supplier. THE CUSTOMER MUST SPECIFY ALARM(S) AT THE TIME OF ORDER. OTHER
DEVICES AND WIRING MAY BE REQUIRED AT THE FACTORY FOR SOME OF THE ALARMS.
5.1.1
Custom Alarms
Custom alarm(s) messages are programmed at the LCD display. The message displayed may be
included in a list of provided alarms or it may be customized text (for up to three alarms). IF CUSTOMIZED TEXT IS USED, MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL SHOULD BE INFORMED OF THE
ALARM FUNCTION AND THE REQUIRED ACTION.
5.1.2
High Head Pressure
Compressor head pressure is monitored with a pressure switch. (One SPDT pressure switch is used).
If head pressure exceeds 360 psig, the switch turns off the compressor contactor and sends an input
signal to the control. The condition is acknowledged by pressing the alarm silence button on the wall
box, which will clear if the head pressure is alleviated. If the head pressure alarm has activated three
times, the alarm will lock until the unit is serviced. After the head-pressure problem is fixed, reset the
control by disconnecting power to the evaporator unit.
Air-Cooled Systems
Check for power shut off to the condenser, condenser fans not working, defective head pressure control valves, dirty condenser coils or crimped lines.
Water/Glycol Systems
Check water regulating valves. Verify water/glycol flow (i.e., pumps operating and service valves
open). Is water tower or drycooler operating? Is the coolant temperature entering the condenser at or
below design conditions? Is AUX relay (terminals 70 & 71) operating during cooling to turn on the
drycooler?
47
Alarms
5.1.3
Humidity
The humidity alarm may be activated under the following conditions:
• High: The room return air humidity exceeds the pre-set high humidity alarm setpoint. Is the unit
set up for dehumidification? Check DIP switch.
• Low: The room return air humidity decreases to the low humidity alarm setpoint. Is the unit
setup for humidification? Check DIP switch.
• High and Low Humidity (simultaneously): The simultaneous display of two alarms results in
loss of the humidity input signal. DASHES WILL BE DISPLAYED IN THE HUMIDITY READING DISPLAY. Under these conditions, the control system deactivates both humidification and
dehumidification. Check for a disconnected cable or failed sensor.
NOTE
Check for proper setpoints. Does the room have a vapor barrier to seal it
from outdoor humidity? Are doors or windows open to outside air?
5.1.4
Temperature
The temperature level alarm may be activated under the following conditions:
• High: The room return air temperature increases to the high temperature alarm setpoint. Check
for proper setpoint value. Is the room load more than the unit can handle (i.e., capacity too small)?
Make sure cooling components are operating (compressor or valves).
• Low: The room return air temperature decreases to the low temperature alarm setpoint. Check
for proper setpoint value. Make sure all heating components are operating (e.g., contactors,
reheats, etc.). Are reheats drawing the proper current (refer to amp rating on nameplate).
• High and Low (simultaneously): The simultaneous display of these two alarms results in loss
of the temperature input signal (or the humidity is out of sensor range-15 to 85% RH). Dashes will
be displayed for the temperature reading. The control system will initiate 100% cooling. Check for
a disconnected cable or a failed sensor.
5.1.5
Humidifier Problem Alarm
The Humidifier Problem Alarm will sound and display a message if any of the following humidifier
conditions occur: overcurrent detection; fill system fault or end of cylinder life.
Check fault indicator LED on humidifier control board:
• Constant LED on = Overcurrent
• 1 second LED Flash = Fill System Fault
• 1/2 second LED Flash = End of cylinder life, replace tank
5.1.6
High-Water Alarm
A float switch in the evaporator pan will shutdown the evaporator on a high water level. Clear the
drain and reset power to the unit in order to clear the alarm.
5.1.7
Loss of Power
The Loss of Power Alarm will activate (after power is restored to the unit) if the unit has lost power or
the disconnect switch was incorrectly turned off before the unit ON/OFF switch was pressed. A Liebert remote monitoring unit (optional) will immediately indicate loss of power.
5.1.8
Short Cycle
A Short Cycle Alarm will occur if a compressor system has exceeded 10 cooling start attempts in a
one-hour period. This can be caused by room cooling load is small compared to capacity of the unit. If
room load is low, increase temperature sensitivity to reduce cycle.
48
Alarms
5.2
Optional/Custom Alarms
5.2.1
Change Filter
Periodically, the return air filters in the evaporator must be changed. The Change Filter alarm notifies the user that filter replacement is necessary. A differential air pressure switch closes when the
pressure drop across the filters becomes excessive. The switch is adjustable using the procedure on
the switch label.
5.2.2
Firestat
The optional firestat feature is a bi-metal operated sensing device with a closed switch under normal
conditions. Connected between pins 1-8 and 1-9, this device will shut down the entire unit.
5.2.3
Smoke Detector
The smoke detector is located in the unit, the optional smoke detector power supply is located in the
electric panel. It constantly samples return air through a tube. No adjustments are required.
49
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
6.0
SYSTEM OPERATION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE
This section describes system testing, maintenance and replacement procedures. Use copies of the
Maintenance Inspection Checklist to record preventive maintenance inspections.
!
WARNING
Unit contains hazardous electrical voltage. Disconnect power supply before working within.
Line side of factory disconnect remains energized when disconnect is off.
6.1
System Testing
6.1.1
Environmental Control Functions
The performance of all control circuits can be tested by changing the setpoints, which activates each
of the main functions.
6.1.2
Cooling
To test the cooling function, set the setpoint to a temperature of 10°F (5°C) below room temperature.
A call for cooling should register and prompt the equipment to begin cooling cycle. (Disregard any
temperature alarms). Upon completion of testing, return setpoint to the desired temperature.
6.1.3
Heating
Reheat may be tested by setting the setpoint 10°F (5°C) above room temperature. A call for heating
should register and prompt the equipment to begin heating cycle. (Disregard any temperature
alarms). Upon completion of testing, return setpoint to the desired temperature.
6.1.4
Humidification
To check humidification, set the humidity setpoint at RH 10% above the room humidity reading. After
a short delay, the canister will fill with water and steam will be produced. Upon completion of testing,
return the humidity setpoint to the desired humidity.
6.1.5
Dehumidification
The dehumidification performance can be tested by setting the humidity setpoint at RH 10% below
room relative humidity. The compressor should turn on. Upon completion of testing, return humidity
setpoint to the desired humidity.
6.1.6
Remote Shutdown
A connection point is provided for remote shutdown devices supplied by the customer. This terminal
strip is located in the electric panel. (Terminals 37 and 38 are fitted with a jumper when no remote
shutdown device is installed).
50
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
6.2
Maintenance and Component Operation
6.2.1
Electric Panel
The electric panel should be inspected on a semi-annual basis for any loose electrical connections.
6.2.2
Filters
Filters are usually the most neglected item in an environmental control system. In order to maintain
efficient operation, they should be checked monthly and changed as required. ALWAYS TURN
POWER OFF BEFORE REPLACING FILTERS.
Filters are replaced by opening the hinged door on the return air filter box.
6.2.3
Blower System
Monthly inspection of the blower package includes: motor mounts, belts, fan bearings, and impellers.
Fan impellers should be thoroughly inspected and any debris removed. Check to see if they are tightly
mounted on the fan shaft and do not rub against the fan housing during rotation. Motor and fan bearings are permanently sealed and self-lubricating and do NOT need lubricated.
The drive belt should be checked monthly for signs of wear and proper tension. Pressing on belts midway between the sheave and pulley should produce from 1/2" to 1" (12 to 25 mm) of deflection. Belts
that are too tight can cause excessive bearing wear.
Belt tension can be adjusted by raising or lowering the fan motor base. Loosen nut above motor
mounting plate to remove belt. Turn nut below motor mounting plate to adjust belt tension. If belt
appears cracked or worn, it should be replaced with a matched belt (identically sized). With proper
care, a belt should last several years.
NOTE
After adjusting or changing the belt, always be certain that motor base nuts are tightened. The
bottom adjustment nut should be finger tight. The top locking nut should be tightened with a
wrench.
Air Distribution
Since all unit models are designed for constant volume air delivery, any unusual restrictions within
the air circuit must be avoided. High efficiency filters can reduce air performance and evaporator
capacity.
Blower Removal (Evaporator)
If the blower or bearings must be removed or serviced, use the following procedure.
1. Prepare the main center section of the three (3) piece electric panel by first marking and
disconnecting all power and control wiring entering the panel.
2. Remove the electric panel by removing screws from top and bottom sections
3. Remove the bottom electric panel mounting flange from unit base.
4. Remove the belt, motor, motor mounting plate, and tensioning bolt.
5. Remove the four (4) screws holding the blower mounting rails to the sled.
!
CAUTION
Protect refrigerant and water piping from damage.
6. Remove the (4) screws holding the blower mounting rails to the sled.
7. Slide the blower/rail assembly forward and rotate approximately 45 degrees and remove from
unit.
8. Replace failed parts.
51
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
6.2.4
Electric Reheat
Reheat element sheets and fins are manufactured with stainless steel. Regular inspections are necessary to assure proper cleanliness of the reheating element. Should inspection reveal corrosion particles on the reheating element or adjoining surfaces (including ducts and plenums), appropriate
cleaning should be performed. Periodic replacement of the reheating element may be necessary to
meet specific application requirements.
6.2.5
Refrigeration System
Each month the components of the refrigeration system should be inspected for proper function and
signs of wear. Since in most cases evidence of malfunction is present prior to component failure, periodic inspections can be a major factor in the prevention of most system failures. Refrigerant lines
must be properly supported and not allowed to vibrate against ceilings, floors, or the unit frame.
Inspect all refrigerant lines every six months for signs of wear and proper support. Inspect the capillary and equalizer lines from the expansion valve.
Suction Pressure
Suction pressure will vary with load conditions. Suction pressure normally ranges from 58 psi to 75
psi (405 kPa to 517 kPa). When the 3-ton circuit is operating alone, the upper range of suction pressure may approach 100 psig. This is a function of the unit design and is acceptable for scroll compressors.
Discharge Pressure
The discharge pressure will vary greatly with load and ambient conditions (Table 16). The high-pressure switch will shut the compressor down at its cut-out setting.
Table 16
Typical discharge pressures
System Design
psig
(kPa)
Air-Cooled
180-275
(1242-1895)
Water-Cooled
65ºF to 85ºF water
(18 to 29.4ºC)
200-225
(1380-1550)
Glycol-Cooled
210-275
(1445-1895)
Maximum
330
(2275)
High Pressure Cut-Out
360
(2480)
Thermostatic Expansion Valve
The thermostatic expansion valve keeps the evaporator supplied with enough refrigerant to satisfy
load conditions. Proper valve operation can be determined by measuring superheat level. If too little
refrigerant is being fed to the evaporator, then the superheat will be high. Conversely, if too much
refrigerant is being supplied, then the superheat will be low. The correct superheat setting is between
10 and 15°F (5.6 and 8.3°C). Only the 5-ton valve is adjustable.
Air-Cooled Condensing Units
Restricted airflow through the condenser coil will reduce the operating efficiency of the unit. Additionally, it can result in high compressor head pressure and loss of cooling. Using compressed air or
commercial coil cleaner, clean the condenser coil of all debris that will inhibit airflow. In winter, do
not permit snow to accumulate around the side or underneath the condenser. At the same time check
for bent or damaged coil fins and repair as necessary. Check all refrigerant lines and capillaries for
vibration and support as necessary. Carefully inspect all refrigerant lines for signs of oil leaks.
Coaxial Condensers (Water/Glycol-Cooled Condensing Units)
Each water or glycol-cooled condensing unit has a coaxial condenser consisting of an exterior steel
tube and an interior copper tube. If the water supply is clean, coaxial condensers do not normally
require maintenance or replacement. Should your system begin to operate at high head pressure with
reduced capacity, and all other causes have been eliminated, the condenser may be obstructed or
fouled and should be replaced.
52
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
Regulating Valves (Water/Glycol Condensing Units)
The water regulating valve automatically regulate the amount of fluid necessary to remove the heat
from the refrigeration system, permitting more fluid to flow when load conditions are high and less
fluid to flow when load conditions are low.
The water regulating valve is designed to begin opening at 180 psi (1240 kPa) and be fully opened at
240 psi (1655 kPa). The valve is factory set and should not need adjustment.
Glycol Solution Maintenance
It is difficult to establish a specific schedule of inhibitor maintenance since the rate of inhibitor depletion depends upon local water conditions. Analysis of water samples at time of installation and every
six (6) months should help to establish a pattern of depletion. A visual inspection of the solution and
filter residue is often helpful in judging whether or not active corrosion is occurring. The complexity of
problems caused by water requires expert advice from a water treatment specialist plus a regular
maintenance program schedule. It is important to note that improper use of water treatment chemicals can cause severe problems.
Proper inhibitor maintenance must be performed in order to prevent corrosion of the glycol system.
Consult your glycol manufacturer for proper testing and maintenance procedures. Do not mix products from different manufacturers.
Hot Gas Bypass (Optional)
Operation
The hot gas bypass valve is installed between the compressor discharge piping and suction piping,
bypassing the condenser and evaporator coils. The discharge gas mixes with the suction gas, raising
the suction temperature and pressure and decreasing the mass flow through the evaporator. The
higher suction temperatures could cause compressor overheating, therefore a separate liquid quenching valve is provided to mix refrigerant from the system liquid line with the discharge gas before mixing with the suction gas entering the compressor.
During normal operation, when the evaporator is under full load the hot gas bypass equalizer pressure will remain high enough to keep the valve port closed. If the evaporator load decreases, the evaporator temperature and pressure will drop. When the suction pressure reduces below the hot gas
bypass valve setting the hot gas bypass valve opens diverting some of the refrigerant flow back to the
compressor suction. The liquid quenching valve bulb senses this increased superheat and opens,
allowing liquid refrigerant to mix with the discharge gas, desuperheating it.
Proper mixing of the three refrigerant paths ensures stable operation and system performance. The
liquid quenching valve bulb must be located downstream of all these connections to control superheat
at the compressor inlet. Superheat settings for the liquid quenching valve are chosen to maintain consistency with the system expansion valve. During hot gas bypass operation higher superheats, 2540°F (14-22°C), may be observed at the compressor. The liquid quenching valve is internally equalized and superheat is not adjustable.
Adjustment
1. Install the suction and discharge pressure gauge.
2. Adjust temperature setpoint to call for cooling so that the refrigeration compressor will run
continuously.
3. Remove the TOP adjusting nut from the valve.
4. Insert an Allen wrench in the brass hole at top of valve in adjusting port, and turn CLOCKWISE if a
higher evaporator temperature is required. Adjust no more than 1/4 turn at a time. Let the system
stabilize for 15 minutes before determining if additional adjustment is necessary.
5. After obtaining the suction pressure required, reinstall cap tightly making sure there are no leaks.
6. Let the evaporator operate for approximately 10 to 15 minutes to make sure the suction pressure
is within the range desired.
7. There may be a fluctuation of approximately 3 to 6 psig (21 to 41 kPa) on the evaporator due to
the differential on the hot gas bypass.
8. Return temperature setpoint to the desired setting.
53
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
Replacement Procedures
Compressor Replacement: Infrequently a fault in the motor insulation may result in a motor burnout (if system is properly installed, motor burnout rarely occurs). Primarily this type of failure is due
to mechanical or lubrication problems, where the burnout is a secondary consequence.
Early detection can prevent a large percentage of the problems that can cause compressor failures.
Periodic maintenance inspections by alert service personnel (i.e., identification of abnormal operation) can be a major factor in reducing maintenance costs. It is easier and more cost-effective to implement the necessary preventative steps that ensure proper system operation; rather than ignore a
problem until it results in compressor failure and costly replacement. When troubleshooting a compressor problem, check all electrical components for proper operation:
!
CAUTION
Avoid touching or contacting the gas and oils with exposed skin. Severe burns will result. Use
long rubber gloves in handling contaminated parts.
• Check all fuses and circuit breakers.
• Check pressure switch operation.
• If a compressor failure has occurred, determine whether its cause is an electrical or mechanical
problem.
!
CAUTION
System contains refrigerant. Recover refrigerant before maintenance
Mechanical Failure: If you have determined that a mechanical failure has occurred, the compressor
must be replaced.
Electrical Failure: In the event of an electrical failure and subsequent burnout of the refrigeration compressor motor, proper procedures must be followed to thoroughly remove any acids that would cause a future
failure. There are two kits that can be used with a complete compressor burnout: Sporlan System Cleaner
and Alco Dri-Kleener. Follow the manufacturer's procedure. DAMAGE TO A REPLACEMENT COMPRESSOR DUE TO IMPROPER SYSTEM CLEANING CONSTITUTES ABUSE UNDER THE TERMS OF THE
WARRANTY, THEREBY VOIDING THE WARRANTY.
Replacement compressors are available from your Liebert supplier and will be shipped to the job site
in a reusable crate (as required by the service contractor). If the compressor is under warranty, it
must be returned to Liebert in order to receive proper warranty credit. It should be returned in the
same container the replacement was shipped in. The possible cause(s) or condition(s) of the damage
should be legibly recorded on the provided return tag.
Proper procedures to remove and replace the failed compressor are:
1. Disconnect power
2. Attach suction and discharge gauges to access fittings.
3. Recover refrigerant using standard recovery procedures and equipment.
NOTE
Release of refrigerant to the atmosphere is harmful to the environment and unlawful.
Refrigerant must be recycled or discarded in accordance with federal, state, and local
regulations.
4. Remove failed compressor.
5. Install replacement compressor and make all connections. Pressurize and leak test the system at
approximately 150 psig (1034kPa) pressure.
6. Follow manufacturer's instructions for clean out kits.
7. Evacuate the system twice to 1500 microns, and the third time to 500 microns. Break the vacuum
each time with clean, dry refrigerant to 2 psig (13.8 kPa).
8. Charge the system with refrigerant (R-22) based on requirements of the evaporator, condensing
unit, and lines. Refer to the installation manual or the unit nameplate.
9. Apply power and operate the system. Check for proper operation. Refer to Table 16 for discharge
pressure.
54
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
6.2.6
Steam Generating Humidifier - Operation Procedures
Steam generating humidifiers operate efficiently over a wide range of water quality conditions and
automatically adjust to changes in the conductivity of water. The system will automatically drain and
refill to maintain a current setpoint and alert the operator when the humidifier canister needs to be
replaced.
The humidifier RUN/DRAIN switch is located in the humidifier assembly. This switch should be in
the RUN position when the humidifier is in normal operation, and in the DRAIN position during service. The electronic control board for the humidifier is also located in the humidifier assembly. When
the unit is energized, power is available to humidifier. Operation involves the following steps:
1. During start-up, when the humidity control calls for humidification, the fill valve will open,
allowing water to enter the canister. When the water level reaches the electrodes, current flows
and the water will begin to warm. The canister fills until the amperage reaches the setpoint and
the fill valve closes. As the water warms, its conductivity increases and the current flow, in turn,
rises. If the amperage reaches 115% of the normal operating amperage, the drain valve opens and
flushes some of the water out of the canister. This reduces electrode contact with the water and
lowers the current flow to the amperage setpoint. Boiling soon commences and the canister
operates normally.
2. If the conductivity of the water is low, the canister fills and the water level reaches the canister
full electrode before the amperage setpoint is reached. The humidifier stops filling to prevent
overflow. Boiling should commence in time. As water is boiled off, the mineral concentration in
the canister increases and current flow also increases. The canister eventually reaches full output
and goes to normal operation. No drain is permitted until then.
3. When full output is reached the circuit board starts a time cycle which is factory set at 60 seconds.
During this repeating time cycle, the fill valve will open periodically to replenish the water being
boiled off and maintain a “steady state” output at the setpoint. The amperage variance will
depend on the conductivity of the water.
4. After a period of time, the mineral concentration in the canister becomes too high. When this
occurs, the water boils too quickly. As the water quickly boils off and less of the electrode is
exposed, the current flow decreases. When the current crosses the low threshold point (factory set
at 85%) before the end of the time cycle, the drain valve opens, draining the mineral laden water
out and replacing it with fresh water. This lowers the mineral concentration and returns the
canister to “steady state” operation and prolongs canister life. The frequency of drains depends on
water conductivity.
5. Over a period of time, the electrode surface will become coated with a layer of insulating material,
which causes a drop in current flow. As this happens, the water level in the canister will slowly
rise exposing new electrode surface to the water to maintain normal output. Eventually, the
steady state water level will reach the canister full electrode and indicate so by activating the
canister full alarm. At this point, all of electrode surface has been used up and the canister should
be replaced.
6. After the entire electrode surface has been coated, the output will slowly decrease. During these
last hours of electrode life, the mineral concentration can increase and arcing can occur. If the
electrodes start to arc, turn off the humidifier immediately and replace the canister with the
identical part.
55
System Operation, Testing, and Maintenance
Replacing the Humidifier Canister
The proper procedure to replace the humidifier canister is:
1. Turn off the humidifier by lowering the humidity setpoint below the ambient humidity level.
Record the original setpoint.
2. Turn unit off at wallbox.
3. Place the RUN/DRAIN switch in the DRAIN position to drain the water from the canister.
4. Return the RUN/DRAIN switch to the RUN position after the canister has drained.
5. Turn OFF the power at the main unit.
6. Remove the cover from the humidifier cabinet.
7. Locate the power wires to the steam canister. They are connected to the canister with 1/4" quick
connects. Make note of the wiring configuration before removing any wires. Refer to schematic on
unit. Slide the rubber boot back to expose the connections. Remove the three (3) power wires and
the canister full wire. Do not loosen the screws that secure the electrodes.
WARNING
!
Canister and steam hose may be hot! Allow time for the humidifier to cool before replacing
parts.
8. Loosen the steam outlet hose clamps and slide the steam hose away from the canister fitting.
9. Remove the canister.
10. Reverse Previous steps to re-assemble humidifier, paying special attention to the following:
WARNING
!
Hazardous voltage! use extreme caution. Circuit board adjustment should be performed by
qualified personnel only.
Power should be disconnected prior to the procedure.
6.2.7
Circuit Board Adjustments
The humidifier control board governs humidifier operation. There are three potentiometers mounted
on the board and can be used to adjust for extreme water conductivity conditions.
POT2 controls the amperage at which the drain will energize and is clearly marked in percentages.
This adjustment is factory set at 85%, which indicates that the unit will drain when the amperage
falls off to 85% of the capacity setpoint. Raising the value increases the frequency of drain cycles.
Lowering the value decreases the frequency of drain cycles.
The frequency should be increased for highly conductive water and decreased for less conductive
water. If adjustment is necessary, and a change of three to four percent in either direction does not
permit normal operation of the unit, consult your Liebert supplier.
The POT1 controls the duration of the drain cycle. This adjustment is factory set at 60 seconds
(1 VDC) and should not be readjusted without consulting your Liebert supplier.
The DIP switch settings are used to set the capacity of the humidifier. If th
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