This manual is meant to assist you in the

This manual is meant to assist you in the

Welcome!

This manual is meant to assist you in the operation of:

1. a wired and wireless microphone

2. playing a CD

3. playing a DVD or VHS

4. connecting a laptop to the system

Any application that is more complex than these (ie: musical performance) requires a pre-qualified, pre-approved sound technician to operate the system. If you are interested in becoming qualified in the area of sound, lighting, or video, please contact David Goo (x425) at the church office. We welcome all inquiries.

You can also email us at [email protected]

Simple Rules:

1. No guessing. Do not make blind decisions when not knowing what to do. Think through any adjustment before carrying it out.

2. Log in. This is how we become aware of any problems that may go wrong with the equipment.

3. Use the equipment as if it is your own. Using the equipment properly will ensure that it continues to work for a long time.

4. Leave the room in better condition than when you arrived. We expect you to be professional when using the equipment. Other people use the room as well, and they will see the condition of the room that you leave it in.

5. Begin and end your session by flipping on or off the large red switch in the top right-hand corner of the rack. This saves energy!

If you have looked through this manual and still have question, you can call the

Tech Department at: (714) 257-4377 or dial extension 425 from a church landline.

4/2/2008

General Overview of How to Get Sound:

[fig. 1]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 2]

[fig. 4]

1. Lower the channel fader that corresponds with the sound source all the way down.

2. Confirm that the power for the sound source is on.

3. Turn on the channel by depressing the “On” button, so it lights up. Also, confirm that the red

“ST” button is depressed. [fig. 1&2]

4. Raise the red “Monitor Mix” fader to “0”. [fig. 3]

5. Either play the material or speak into the microphone you plan to use.

As this is being done, slowly bring up the channel’s volume fader to a desired sound level. [fig. 4]

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Using a Wired Microphone:

[fig. 1]

[fig. 2]

1. Lower the “Mic 1” channel fader all the way down.

2. Make sure the mic cable is plugged in to the “Mic 1” mounted connector located in the rack. [fig. 1]

3. Make sure the cable is plugged in to the microphone. [fig. 2]

4. Turn on the channel by depressing the “On” button, so it lights up. Also, confirm that the red

“ST” button is depressed. [fig. 3 & 4]

5. Raise the red “Monitor Mix” fader to “0”. [fig. 5]

6. Speak into the microphone. As this is being done, slowly bring up the mic’s volume fader to a desired sound level. [fig. 6]

[fig. 3] [fig. 4]

[fig. 5] [fig. 6]

4/2/2008

Using a Wireless Hand-Held Microphone:

1. Lower the channel fader that corresponds with the hand-held you are going to use all the way down.

2. On the bottom end of the handheld, twist the protective cap so that the “On/Off” button becomes

[fig. 1] available. [fig. 1]

3. Press the “On/Off” button to turn the transmitter on. The red LED light will turn on.

4. Turn on the “HH” channel by depressing the “On” button, so it lights up. Also, confirm that the red

“ST” button is depressed. [fig. 2&3]

[fig. 2]

[fig. 4]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 5]

5. Raise the red “Monitor Mix” fader to “0”. [fig. 4]

6. Speak into the hand-held microphone. As this is being done, slowly bring up the “HH” volume fader to a desired sound level. [fig. 5]

7. To turn the transmitter off, press and hold the “On/Off” button until

“Off” appears on the LED display.

The red LED light will go off.

Note: You can mute the microphone by rotating the protective cap, so the mute switch is available. Signal is muted when the switch is toward the white circle. [fig. 6]

[fig. 6]

Batteries: If the wireless transmitter’s red LED light is blinking, the battery needs to be replaced: Unscrew and extend the bottom display section to reveal the battery compartment. Please observe correct polarity when changing the battery.

Your group is responsible for supplying its own batteries.

4/2/2008

Playing a CD:

[fig. 1]

[fig. 4]

[fig. 2]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 6]

[fig. 5]

[fig. 7]

[fig. 8] [fig. 9]

1. Lower the CD player’s channel fader all the way down.

2. Confirm that the power for the CD player is on.

3. Turn on the channel by depressing the “On” button, so it lights up. Also, confirm that the red

“ST” button is depressed. [fig. 1&2]

4. Raise the red “Monitor Mix” fader to “0”. [fig. 3]

5. Press the “Open/Close” button to open the CD tray. [fig. 4]

6. Press the “Disc Skip” button until the “Disc 1” slot becomes visible.

[fig. 4&5]

7. Place a CD in the “Disc 1” slot.

8. Press play, and the tray will automatically close and begin playing. [fig. 6]

9. Slowly bring up the “CD” channel volume fader to a desired sound level. [fig. 7]

10. If you want to play a specific track, use the skip buttons to navigate to the track you would like to play. [fig. 8]

11. You can place multiple CDs in different slots in the CD tray. To skip to any given CD, press the Disc button that corresponds to the slot the CD is on. [fig. 9]

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Recording onto a CD:

[fig. 2]

[fig. 1]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 4] [ fig. 5]

[fig. 6] [fig. 7]

1. Place a blank CD-R in the CD slot.

[fig. 1]

2. Press the record button. [fig. 2]

3. Turn up the “L” and “R” “Input” knobs to get proper signal, peaking around -6 (Just so long as it doesn’t go in the red). [fig. 3]

4. When ready to record, press play to begin recording. [fig. 4]

5. When done, press stop button to stop recording.

6. Press the “Finalize” button, located under CD tray. [fig. 5]

7. Push the “Multi Dial” knob to begin finalizing process. [fig. 6]

(Note: You must finalize CD to be able to listen to it!)

8. When done finalizing, take out CD and label it.

4/2/2008

Video Switcher:

This device allows you to choose what source you would like to send to the TV screens. The top row of buttons control what source will go to the left TV (Left

Screen). The bottom row of buttons control what source will go to the right TV

(Right Screen). All you have to do is press the numbered button that corresponds to the signal you want to display, and the signal will appear on the TV you assigned the signal to.

1. The “Comp” button will select the video signal from the laptop connected to the “Computer In” mounted connector.

2. The “DVD” button will select the

DVD output from the DVD/VHS player.

3. The “VHS” button will select the

VHS output from the DVD/VHS player.

Note: To play audio from a video source, the source must be selected on at least the “Right Screen” on the video switcher for the audio to show up on the soundboard’s “Video” channel. That’s just how it’s wired up.

TVs:

1. Locate the black “Samsung” remote.

2. Walk up to each TV, aiming the remote at the TV, and press the red

“Power” button. The TV will make an audible sound, letting you know that it has turned on. At the end of your session please turn off the TVs in the same manner you turned them on.

4/2/2008

Laptop:

To connect a laptop computer to display video on the TVs and/or play audio through the system using your laptop, you must connect the combo VGA/Audio

Cable to your laptop. If you are going to be playing audio from your computer, see the section entitled “General Overview of How to Get Sound.” Between steps four and five in that section complete the tasks below.

1. Verify that the combo VGA/Audio cable is firmly connected to the corresponding “Computer In” and

“Computer Audio” mounted connectors in the equipment rack. [fig. 1]

[fig. 1]

2. Connect the VGA connector on the other end of the cable to your laptop’s video send port. [fig. 2]

Note: If you are using a Mac, you will need the DVI to VGA adapter you received when you originally purchased your Mac to connect to the system.

(Adapter is shown in fig. 2)

[fig. 2]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 4]

3. If you desire to play audio from your laptop, connect the mini audio connector to your computer’s headphone output. [fig. 3] Make sure the audio on your laptop is on and up at a decent level.

4a. If you are using a PC laptop, press and hold the “Fn” key and press the Display Function Key

[fig. 4]. The Display Function Key differs from model to model, but usually it will look similar to those in figure 4. By performing this task, the laptop will switch the video image between the laptop screen only, the TV screens only, or the laptop screen and the TV screens simultaneously.

4b. If you are using a Mac, your computer screen will automatically be displayed on the selected TV screens once you plug in the connector.

5. On the Video Switcher, select “Comp” to be displayed on the TV screens. [fig. 5]

Note: If you are playing audio, you must select

“Comp” on at least the “Right Screen” for the audio to show up on the soundboard’s “Video” channel. That’s just how it’s wired up.

[fig. 5]

4/2/2008

Playing a DVD:

[fig. 2]

[fig. 5] [fig. 6]

[fig. 7]

[fig. 1]

[fig. 4]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 8]

1. Lower the “Video” channel fader all the way down.

2. Confirm that the power for the

DVD/VHS player is on.

3. Turn on the TVs by pointing the black “Samsung” remote at each TV and pressing the red “Power” button.

[fig. 1]

4. Turn on the channel by depressing the “On” button, so it lights up. Also, confirm that the red

“ST” button is depressed. [fig. 2&3]

5. Raise the red “Monitor Mix” fader to “0”. fig. 4]

6. Press the “DVD Eject” button to open the tray. Insert a DVD into the

Disc tray, and press the “DVD Eject” again to close the tray. [fig. 5]

7. Confirm that “DVD” is selected for both TVs on the Video Switcher. [fig.

6]

8. Press the play button. You can also use the grey “Go Video” remote to navigate throughout the DVD. [fig.

7&8]

9. Slowly bring up the “Video” channel volume fader to a desired sound level. [fig. 9]

Note: You must select “DVD” on at least the “Right Screen” for the audio to show up on the soundboard’s “Video” channel.

That’s just how it’s wired up.

[fig. 9]

4/2/2008

Playing a VHS:

[fig. 2]

[fig. 5]

[fig. 1]

[fig. 3]

[fig. 4]

[fig. 6]

[fig. 7] [fig. 8]

[fig. 9]

1. Lower the “Video” channel fader all the way down.

2. Confirm that the power for the

DVD/VHS player is on.

3. Turn on the TVs by pointing the black “Samsung” remote at each TV and pressing the red “Power” button.

[fig. 1]

4. Turn on the channel by depressing the “On” button, so it lights up. Also, confirm that the red

“ST” button is depressed. [fig. 2&3]

5. Raise the red “Monitor Mix” fader to “0”. fig. 4]

6. Insert a VHS tape into the VHS slot. If there is a tape already in there, or when you’re done playing the video, press the “VCR Eject” button. [fig. 5]

7. Confirm that “VHS” is selected for both TVs on the Video Switcher. [fig.

6]

8. Press the play button. You can also use the grey “Go Video” remote to navigate throughout the VHS. [fig.

7&8]

9. Slowly bring up the “Video” channel volume fader to a desired sound level. [fig. 9]

Note: You must select “VHS” on at least the “Right Screen” for the audio to show up on the soundboard’s “Video” channel.

That’s just how it’s wired up.

4/2/2008

Technical Info

Gain:

Gain is used to amplify a signal as it enters the sound board.

Speech:

1. A typical microphone used for speech applications needs a bit of gain to operate. A good place to start is around 3:00. [fig. 1]

2. Signal coming from the DVD/VHS player or an attached laptop needs a little bit of gain as well. Start at about

1:00. [fig. 2]

[fig. 1]

Video:

[fig. 2]

• The grey “80” button cuts the low end out of a signal. For speech applications, it is a good idea to engage (press down) this feature.

4/2/2008

Equalization (EQ):

EQ is used to change the tone or timbre of a signal.

There are three frequency ranges you have control over:

• High:

(very high-pitched whistle, ring from a TV or computer monitor, clash of cymbals)

• Mid:

• Low:

(flute, the vocal “S” sound, “telephone” sound, middle C on a piano,

“chest” voice)

(low notes on a piano & organ, fog horn, rumble from a large truck)

The green knobs determine how much you boost/cut.

4/2/2008

Understanding how to properly use a MICROPHONE

A microphone is a tool, and like any other tool it must be used correctly so that it gives its optimal performance.

A microphone takes sound and translates it into an electrical signal. Loud sounds generate a large signal and soft sounds create a small signal. The more signal you have, the easier it is to amplify the original sound. A thin, soft, wispy voice is still a thin, soft, wispy voice when picked up by the microphone and processed through the sound system. Despite popular belief, a microphone cannot be used to overcome poor speaking/singing ability or technique. If someone is mumbling, for example, it will just make the mumbling voice louder but won’t help the voice to be more comprehensible.

Hold the microphone about two inches from your mouth so that the microphone is pointing directly at your mouth. Also, speak slightly louder than when you normally speak, and ensure that you enunciate your words clearly. This will guarantee that your voice will be heard.

Every microphone has a “pick-up pattern.” This is the area around the microphone in which sound will be heard by the microphone. By placing the microphone so that a person’s voice is in the “pick-up pattern,” you will achieve the microphone’s optimal performance. Figure 1 shows the pick-up pattern in which typical microphones “hear.”

[fig. 1]

Furthermore, a mic picks up all sounds equally; that is, it doesn’t capture your voice better than the person or instrument placed next to you simply because you are holding the mic. Thus, your voice must be loud enough to stand out over the other sounds in the mic’s vicinity. This means that in a live-performance situation with floor monitors and loud instruments on stage, you must be very close to the mic and project your voice loud enough to ensure your voice is louder than the intense sounds coming from the monitor(s) and the rest of the stage.

In a nutshell:

1. Hold the microphone close to your mouth as you speak.

2. Speak slightly louder than you normally speak.

3. Enunciate your words clearly.

4/2/2008

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