Lowrance electronic X-65 User's manual

Lowrance electronic X-65 User's manual
X-65
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
INSTRUCTIONS
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 3
INSTALLATION - BRACKET ............................................................................................................ 3
POWER CONNECTIONS ................................................................................................................ 4
TRANSDUCER ................................................................................................................................ 5
KEYBOARD BASICS ....................................................................................................................... 6
OPERATION .................................................................................................................................... 7
POWER/LIGHTS .............................................................................................................................. 7
MENUS ............................................................................................................................................ 7
MODES ............................................................................................................................................ 7
AUTOMATIC ................................................................................................................................... 10
SENSITIVITY .................................................................................................................................. 10
RANGE ........................................................................................................................................... 11
Upper and Lower Limits .............................................................................................................. 12
ZOOM ............................................................................................................................................. 13
Automatic Operation ................................................................................................................... 13
Manual Operation ....................................................................................................................... 14
GRAYLINE® ................................................................................................................................... 14
CHART SPEED ............................................................................................................................... 15
FISH ID ........................................................................................................................................... 16
FISHTRACK™ ................................................................................................................................ 16
CHART SETUP ............................................................................................................................... 17
FASTRAK™ ................................................................................................................................ 17
GROUPS FASTRAK™ ............................................................................................................... 18
CHART CURSOR ....................................................................................................................... 18
DISPLAY ZOOM BAR ................................................................................................................. 18
DISPLAY ZONE BAR .................................................................................................................. 19
DIGITAL SONAR ........................................................................................................................ 19
ALARMS ......................................................................................................................................... 20
DEPTH ALARMS ........................................................................................................................ 20
ZONE ALARM ............................................................................................................................ 21
FISH ALARM .............................................................................................................................. 21
ADJUST CHART SURFACE CLARITY ........................................................................................... 22
ADVANCED SIGNAL PROCESSING (ASP) ................................................................................... 22
SYSTEM SETUP ............................................................................................................................. 23
AUDIO/DISPLAY ........................................................................................................................ 23
SYSTEM INFORMATION ........................................................................................................... 24
UNITS OF MEASURE ................................................................................................................ 24
RESET DISTANCE LOG ............................................................................................................ 24
TEMPERATURE GRAPH ........................................................................................................... 24
SIMULATOR ............................................................................................................................... 25
PRESET OPTIONS .................................................................................................................... 25
KEEL OFFSET ............................................................................................................................ 25
CALIBRATE SPEED ................................................................................................................... 26
WINDOWS SUMMARY ................................................................................................................... 27
TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................................................................... 28
WARRANTY .................................................................................................................................... 31
UPS SHIPPING ............................................................................................................................... 32
INTERNATIONAL SERVICE INFORMATION .................................................... INSIDE BACK COVER
Copyright © 1996, Lowrance Electronics, Inc.
All rights reserved.
All features and specifications subject to change without notice.
All screens in this manual are simulated.
2
INTRODUCTION
The X-65 is the latest member of the Lowrance family that combines a high
performance sonar with a wide screen. Using menu features and “softkey” operation, the X-65 is also one of the easiest to use sonars that
Lowrance® has ever built. The wide “Clearvision” screen shows the
underwater world with high resolution and detail. The display and keyboard are also lighted for night operation. The X-65 has digital boat speed,
surface water temperature, and distance travelled (log) screens.
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions................................................ 5 7/8"H x 7 3/4"W x 3 7/8"D
Transmitter Frequency .............................. 192 kHz
Transmitter Power ..................................... 600 watts (p-p, typical)
75 watts (RMS, typical)
Display ...................................................... Supertwist "Clearvision" LCD
160 vertical x 160 horizontal
25,600 total pixels
NOTICE!
The storage temperature for your unit is from -4 degrees to +167
degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degrees to +75 degrees Celsius). Extended
storage in temperatures higher or lower than specified will damage the
liquid crystal display in your unit. This type of damage is not covered
by the warranty. For more information, contact the factory's Customer
Service Department or your local service center.
INSTALLATION
MOUNTING
Install the X-65 in any convenient location, provided there is clearance
behind the unit when it is tilted for the best viewing angle. Holes in the
bracket base allow wood screw or through-bolt mounting. You may need
to place a piece of plywood on the back of thin fiberglass panels to secure
the mounting hardware. Make certain there is enough room behind the unit
to attach the power and transducer cables.
The X-65's gimbal bracket will also accept the GBSA-1 swivel bracket
adapter that lets you rotate the unit a full 360°.
The smallest hole that allows one power or transducer connector to pass
through is 3/4". After the hole is drilled, push the transducer connector up
through the hole first, then drop the power cable down through it.
3
After the cables have been routed, fill the hole with a good marine sealing
compound. Offset the bracket to cover the hole. Route the power cable
through the slot. Break out one of the holes in the back of the bracket for
the transducer cable.
FRONT
POWER CONNECTIONS
The X-65 works from a twelve-volt battery system. For the best results,
attach the power cable directly to the battery. You can attach the power
cable to an accessory or power buss, however you may have problems
with electrical interference. Therefore, it’s safer to go ahead and attach the
power cable directly to the battery. If the cable is not long enough, splice
#18 gauge wire onto it. The power cable has two wires, red and black. Red
is the positive lead, black is negative or ground. Make certain to attach the
in-line fuse holder to the red lead as close to the power source as possible.
For example, if you have to extend the power cable to the battery or power
buss, attach one end of the fuse holder directly to the battery or power
buss. This will protect both the unit and the power cable in the event of a
short. The X-65 Plus requires a 3-amp fuse.
IMPORTANT!
Do not use this product without a 3-amp fuse wired into the power cable!
Failure to use a 3-amp fuse will void your warranty.
If you’re installing a speed/temperature sensor, read it's mounting instructions. Route the sensor’s cable to the X-65's power cable and plug it into
the connector marked “SPEED/TEMP CABLE”
4
To X-65
POWER CONNECTIONS
RED
WIRE
BLACK
WIRE
TO SPEED/TEMP
SENSOR
(Not included)
3 amp
FUSE
12 VOLT
BATTERY
TRANSDUCER INSTALLATION
Some X-65s are packed with a HS-WSBK transom mount transducer. It
can be installed on any outboard or stern-drive (inboard\outboard) powered boat. It can also be permanently installed inside the boat to "shootthrough" the hull on some fiberglass boats.
The “kick-up” mounting bracket helps prevent damage if the transducer
strikes an object while the boat is moving. If the transducer does “kickup”, the bracket can easily be pushed back in place without tools.
Read the transducer's installation manual carefully before attempting
the installation. Determine which of the mounting positions is right for
your boat. Use extreme care if mounting the transducer inside the hull,
since once it is epoxied into position, the transducer usually can't be
removed without damaging it. Remember, the transducer location is the
most critical part of a sonar installation. If it isn't done properly, the
sonar can't perform to its designed potential.
5
KEYBOARD
The keyboard has keys arranged in two vertical columns beneath the
arrow keys. The menu key near the bottom left corner of the keyboard
activates the first menu page. The other keys are used to activate the
alarm menu, make menu selections, and change modes.
MODE - Pressing this key switches the unit between different sonar
modes.
MENU - Press this key to show the menus and gain access to most
functions.
ARROW KEYS - These keys are used to make menu selections and to
move objects on the screen.
ZOUT, ZIN - These keys let you zoom the screen in and out to see detail.
ALARM - Press this key to activate any of the sonar alarms.
PWR - This key turns the X-65 and it's lights on and off.
ENT, EXIT - These keys let you enter or erase values.
LOWRANCE
X-65
6
ZOUT
ZIN
MODE
ALARM
MENU
EXIT
ENT
PWR
OPERATION
POWER/LIGHTS
To turn the X-65 on, simply press the
PWR key. A screen similar to the one
at right appears.
The menu on this screen let you adjust the screen contrast by pressing
the left or right arrow keys. Press the
EXIT key to erase these menu.
The PWR key also controls the lights.
Once the X-65 is turned on, press the
PWR key to turn the lights on. Press
the PWR key again to turn the lights off.
To turn the X-65 off, press and hold the PWR key while a "countdown"
appears on the screen. The unit will shut itself off when the countdown
reaches zero. Release the PWR key.
MENUS
The X-65 uses menus extensively to guide you through the functions and
features of the unit. To use the menus, simply press the MENU key. The
options on the menus let you to customize the unit to your particular needs
and water conditions. Use the up and down arrow keys to move to different
menus. The left and right arrow keys select and adjust menu items. If you
ever get lost in a menu, simply press the EXIT key. This clears the menus
from the screen.
MODES
The X-65 has four different modes:
digital/chart, split-chart, full chart, and
window groups. To select a different
mode, simply press the MODE key. A
screen similar to the one at right appears. Press the up or down arrow key
to select the desired mode, then press
EXIT key to erase the modes menu. A
summary of the modes starts on the
next page.
7
Full Chart
This is the default mode used when
the X-65 is first turned on. The bottom
signal scrolls across the screen from
right to left. Depth scales on the right
side of the screen makes it easy to
determine the depth of fish, structure,
and other objects. The line at the top
of the screen represents the surface.
The bottom depth shows at the top left
corner of the screen. The word "AUTO"
at the screen's top center shows that
the X-65 is in the automatic mode,
freeing you from sensitivity, range, and noise rejection adjustments.
Split Chart
A split chart shows the underwater
world from the surface to the bottom
on the right side of the screen. The left
side shows an enlarged version of the
right side. The zoom range shows at
the bottom of the screen. In this example, the zoom range is 2X, or two
times the right side's view. By pressing the ZOUT and ZIN keys, you can
change the left side's zoom from 2X to
4X and back.
Digital/Chart
The digital/chart shows the chart on
the right side of the screen. The left
side has four digital boxes containing
the water depth at the top of the
screen, boat speed, distance travelled (log), and surface water temperature. At the bottom of the screen
is a temperature graph. (Note: Speed,
distance, and temperature displays
require a speed/temperature sensor
which comes with the X-65 Plus and
must be purchased separately for the
X-65.)
8
Window Groups
You can change the displays on the X65 by using the windows feature. This
lets you use different displays for your
own fishing or boating situations. This
feature gives you 8 different display
screens in the window groups alone.
The screens available in the windows
mode are divided into two or more
windows per screen. Each screen of
windows is called a “group”. Group “A”
as shown above has the digital depth
display in one window, battery voltage
in another, water temperature, speed,
and distance travelled.
To use the windows feature, first press
the MODE key. A screen similar to the
one shown at right appears. Highlight
the "Group" menu at the bottom of the
screen. Now press the left or right
arrow keys to sequence through the
available groups. When the desired
group appears, press the EXIT key to
erase the modes menu.
9
AUTOMATIC
When the X-65 is first turned on, the
Automatic feature is enabled. This is
indicated by the word “AUTO” at the
top of the screen. The Automatic feature adjusts the sensitivity and range
so the bottom signal is displayed in the
lower half of the screen at all times.
To turn Automatic off, first press the
MENU key, then press the up or down
arrow keys until the "AUTO" menu
appears. Press the left arrow key to
switch to the manual mode. The letters “Man” appear at the top of the
screen, indicating the unit is in the manual mode. To turn Automatic on,
repeat the above steps to get the auto menu, then press the right arrow
key.
SENSITIVITY
The sensitivity controls the ability of the unit to pick up echoes. A low
sensitivity level excludes much of the bottom information, fish signals, and
other target information. High sensitivity levels enables you to see this
detail, but it can also clutter the screen
with many undesired signals. Typically, the best sensitivity level shows
a good solid bottom signal with
Grayline and some surface clutter.
When the X-65 is in the Automatic
mode, the sensitivity is automatically
adjusted to keep a solid bottom signal
displayed, plus a little more. This gives
it the capability to show fish and other
detail.
However, situations occur where it
becomes necessary to increase or decrease the sensitivity. This typically
happens when you wish to see more detail, so an increase in sensitivity
is indicated. The procedure to adjust it is the same whether the unit is in
the automatic or manual mode.
To adjust the sensitivity, press the MENU key, then press the up or down
arrow keys until the "SENS" menu appears as shown above.
10
The sensitivity menu has left and right arrows, plus a horizontal bar graph.
The graph gives a visual indication of the sensitivity level. The number to
the right of the bar graph shows the percentage of sensitivity in use.
To increase the sensitivity level, press the right arrow key. As you press
the key, the menu’s bar graph will grow wider and the percentage will
increase in value. You can also see the difference on the chart record as
it scrolls. When the sensitivity is at the desired level, release the key.
To decrease the sensitivity level, press the left arrow key. The bar graph
and percentage will decrease. When the sensitivity is at the desired level,
release the key. When you reach either the maximum or minimum limit,
a tone sounds.
To erase the menu, press the EXIT key.
RANGE - Automatic
When turned on for the first time, the
X-65 automatically places the bottom
signal in the lower half of the screen.
This is called Auto Ranging and is part
of the automatic function. Typically,
the range cannot be changed manually while the unit is in automatic, as
shown at right. However, depending
upon the bottom depth and the current
range, you can change the range to a
different depth. In the example screen
shown below, the bottom depth has
descended to a point where you can change the range to 150 feet. To do
this, simply press the right arrow key while the Auto Range menu is
displayed. When you're finished with
this menu, press the EXIT key to
erase it.
RANGE - Manual
The X-65 gives you complete control
over the range when it’s in the manual
mode.
To change the range, first make certain the X-65 is in the manual mode.
Next, press the MENU key and the up
or down arrow keys until the range
11
menu appears as shown at right. Press
the left or right arrow keys to decrease
or increase the range. The available
ranges are 0-5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60,
100, 150, 200, 300, 500, 800, and
1000 feet. After the desired range is
displayed, press the EXIT key to erase
the range menu.
NOTE: The depth capability of the X65 depends on the transducer installation, water and bottom conditions,
and other factors.
UPPER AND LOWER LIMITS
You can enter any range when the unit is in the manual mode. The X-65
lets you enter any upper and lower limit, provided there is at least ten feet
separating them. (On the screen below left, the upper limit is 0 and the
lower limit is 100.) Using the upper and lower limit range option, we
changed the range from 0 to 100 feet to 35 to 65 feet. This "zoomed" the
display to a 30 foot range.
As you can see, the fish arches near the bottom are much larger and easier
to see. In fact, a possible fish on the bottom shows on the enlarged screen
that is not even visible on the left! Not only does this make it easier to see
targets, but you can more accurately determine their depth, due to the
expanded depth range.
To change the upper and lower limits, first press the MENU key. Next,
make certain the X-65 is in the manual mode, then press the up or down
arrow keys until the "Set Chart Limits" menu appears as shown at the top
of the next page.
12
Now press the left arrow key to change the
upper limit or the right arrow key to change
the lower limit. A screen similar to the one
below appears.
In this example, we're setting the upper limit.
Use the up and down arrow keys to select the
number, the right and left arrow keys to move
to the next number. When the limit shows the
desired depth, press the ENT key. The screen
shown below appears.
As you can see, the upper limit has changed
from 0 to 35 feet. If you want to change the
lower limit, repeat the above steps, press the
right arrow key on the "Set Chart Limits"
menu, and change the lower limit to the
desired value.
ZOOM
“Zooming” the picture is a common method
used to enlarge small detail and fish signals. The X-65 gives you two
different zoom sizes, plus a split screen zoom option. The zoom operation
and adjustment is different in the automatic and manual modes.
ZOOM - AUTOMATIC MODE
The only way to zoom the screen in automatic mode is to simply press the
ZIN (zoom-in) key. This enlarges all echoes on the screen to twice their
normal size. If you press the ZIN key again, the screen is "zoomed" to four
times normal size. To return the screen to 2X or normal, simply press the
ZOUT (zoom-out) key until the desired zoom appears. When the X-65 is
in the 2X or 4X zooms, "2X" or "4X" appears in the lower right corner of
the screen, showing the current zoom mode.
13
ZOOM - MANUAL MODE
The Z-IN (zoom-in) and Z-OUT (zoom-out) keys enlarge and reduce the
size of the echoes on the screen when the unit is in the manual mode, the
same as the automatic mode.
However, you can manually adjust the
zoom when the unit is in the manual
mode. To do this, press the MENU
key, then press the right or left arrow
keys until the "CHART ZOOM" menu
appears. Now press the right arrow
key. A screen similar to the one at
right appears.
This is the split-screen zoom menu. A
zoom bar shows at the far right side of
the screen. All echoes between the
top and bottom of the zoom bar are
shown on the left side of the screen. Pressing the up or down arrow keys
moves the zoom bar up or down. As you adjust the zoom bar, the range
changes on the left side of the screen at the same time.
To return to the full-screen mode, simply press the EXIT key. This also
erases the zoom bar and move zoom menu.
GRAYLINE®
GRAYLINE lets you distinguish between strong and weak echoes. It
“paints” gray on targets that are stronger than a preset value. This allows
you to tell the difference between a hard and soft bottom. For example, a
soft, muddy or weedy bottom returns a weaker signal which is shown with
a narrow or no gray line. A hard bottom returns a strong signal which
causes a wide gray line.
If you have two signals of equal size, one with gray and the other without,
then the target with gray is the stronger signal. This helps distinguish
weeds from trees on the bottom, or fish from structure.
GRAYLINE is adjustable. Since GRAYLINE shows the difference between strong and weak signals, adjusting the sensitivity may require a
different GRAYLINE level, also. The level chosen by the X-65 at power on
is usually adequate for most conditions. Experiment with your unit to find
the GRAYLINE setting that’s best for you.
To adjust the GRAYLINE level, press the MENU key, then press the up
14
or down arrow keys until the
GRAYLINE menu appears. A screen
similar to the one at right appears.
Press the left arrow key to decrease
the gray level or the right arrow key to
increase it. The percentage of
GRAYLINE in use changes as the
arrow keys are pressed. The bar chart
also gives a graphical indication of the
GRAYLINE level. You can see the
change on the screen (both on the
menu and on the chart record) as you
press the keys. After you’ve finished,
press the EXIT key to erase the menu.
CHART SPEED
The rate echoes scroll across the screen is called the chart speed. It’s
adjustable by first pressing the menu key, then pressing the up or down
arrow keys until the "CHT SPD" (chart speed) menu appears as shown
below left. Increase the chart speed by pressing the right arrow key or
decrease it by pressing the left arrow key. The percentage of chart speed
in use changes as the arrow keys are pressed. The bar chart also gives
a graphical indication of the chart speed. You can see the change on the
screen (both on the menu and on the chart record) as you press the keys.
After you’ve made the adjustment, press the EXIT key to erase the menu.
CHART SPEED MENU
CHART STOP MENU
To stop the chart, press the menu key, then press the up or down arrow
keys until the "CHART" menu appears as shown above right. Press the
left arrow key to stop the chart. To start the chart again, press the right
arrow key.
15
FISH ID
The Fish ID feature identifies targets that meet certain conditions as fish.
The microcomputer analyses all echoes and eliminates surface clutter,
thermoclines, and other signals that are undesirable. In most instances,
remaining targets are fish. The Fish ID feature displays symbols on the
screen in place of the actual fish echoes. There are four fish symbol sizes:
tiny, small, medium, and large. These are used to designate the relative
size between targets. In other words, it displays a small fish symbol when
it thinks a target is a small fish, a medium fish symbol on a larger target, etc.
The microcomputer is sophisticated, but it can be fooled. It can't distinguish between fish and other suspended objects such as trotlines, turtles,
submerged floats, air bubbles, etc. Individual tree limbs extending outwards from a group of limbs is the hardest object for the Fish ID feature
to distinguish from fish.
You may see Fish ID symbols on the screen when actually, there are no
fish. Practice with the unit in both the Fish ID mode and without to become
more familiar with the Fish ID feature.
When the X-65 is turned on, the Fish
ID feature is automatically turned on,
also. To turn the Fish ID feature off,
press the menu key, then press the
arrow keys until the FISH ID menu
appears. Press the left arrow key to
turn the fish ID feature off. To turn the
Fish ID feature on again, repeat the
above steps, but press the right arrow
key until the "ON" is highlighted. Any
targets the microcomputer determines
are fish will be displayed as fish symbols.
Remember, the Fish ID feature can’t be used when the X-65 is in the
manual mode. If you turn the Fish ID feature on when the X-65 is in
manual, the microcomputer will turn the automatic feature on. If you turn
automatic off when the Fish ID feature is on, the Fish ID feature will be
turned off also.
FISHTRACK™
The FishTrack feature shows the depth of a fish symbol when it appears
on the display. This lets you accurately gauge the depth of targets. This
feature is available only when the Fish ID feature is on.
16
When the X-65 is turned on, FishTrack is enabled. To turn the FishTrack
feature off, press the menu key, then press the up or down arrow keys until
the FISH ID menu appears. Now press the left arrow key. Pressing it once
switches the FishTrack feature off, but leaves Fish ID on. To turn
FishTrack on, press the right arrow key, which highlights the "TRACK"
label on the Fish ID menu.
CHART SETUP
The X-65 lets you customize the chart
screen. To do this, press the MENU
key, then press the up or down arrow
keys until the "CHART SETUP" menu
appears. Now press the right arrow
key. The screen shown at right appears.
The digital depth display at the top left
corner of the screen normally shows
in large numbers. You can change this
to smaller numbers or turn it off completely using the "Show Digital" menu
at the top of this screen.
You can also turn the temperature, speedometer, distance log, zoom bar,
zone alarm bar, fastrak, and cursor on or off using this menu. See below
for more information on these items.
FASTRAK
This feature converts all echoes to
short horizontal lines on the display’s
far right side. The graph continues to
operate normally. FASTRAK gives you
a rapid update of conditions directly
under the boat. This makes it useful
for ice fishing, or when you’re fishing
at anchor. Since the unit is not moving, fish signals are long, drawn out
lines on a normal chart display.
FASTRAK converts the graph to a
vertical bar graph that, with practice,
makes a useful addition to fishing at a
stationary location.
To turn FASTRAK on, highlight the "Show Fastrak" label on the "Chart
17
Setup" menu, then press the right arrow key. Press the EXIT key to erase
the menu. A screen similar to the one at the bottom of the previous page
appears. To turn Fastrak off, repeat the
above steps.
Groups Fastrack
Several windows groups have a Fastrack screen that looks a little different
than the Fastrack used on the full screen
chart. Windows Fastrack, shown on
the right side of this screen also converts echoes to short horizontal lines,
but it also gives you scale lines to make
it easier to determine the depth of the
targets. You can use group "H" shown
at right to help you learn how to use the Fastrack feature. Remember,
Fastrack is only showing you the first column of echoes from the normal
display as they appear. It is simply converting each dot to a horizontal line.
CHART CURSOR
The X-65 has a chart cursor that allows you to pinpoint a target’s depth.
The cursor is simply a horizontal line that extends across the display from
left to right. A depth box at the end of
the line on the right side shows the
line’s depth. In the example at right,
the cursor (line) is at 41.1 feet.
To display the chart cursor, highlight
the "Show Cursor" on the "Chart Setup"
menu, then press the right arrow key.
A screen similar to the one at right
appears. Use the up and down arrow
keys to move the cursor up or down to
the desired depth.
To turn the chart cursor off, repeat the
above steps. The X-65 returns to the sonar screen without the chart
cursor.
DISPLAY ZOOM BAR
When the unit is in the split-screen zoom mode, the zoom bar doesn’t
normally show on the screen. The zoom bar shows the section of water
on the right side of the screen that is being enlarged on the left side. To
turn the zoom bar on continuously when the split-screen mode is on,
18
highlight the "Show Zoom Bar" on the
"Chart Setup" menu, then press the
right arrow key. Now press the EXIT
key. If you're not in the split-screen
mode, change to that mode. A screen
similar to the one at right appears.
To turn the zoom bar off, repeat the
above steps.
DISPLAY ZONE BAR
The zone alarm has a range bar. Any
echoes that appear between the top
and bottom of this bar triggers the
zone alarm. This bar normally doesn't
show on the screen. To turn the zone
bar on continuously, highlight the
"Show Zone Bar" on the "Chart Setup"
menu, then press the right arrow key.
Now press the EXIT key. A screen
similar to the one at right appears. To
turn the zone bar off, repeat the above
steps.
See the Alarms section in this manual
for more information on the zone alarm.
DIGITAL SONAR
When the X-65 is turned on, the digital depth display is located at the top
left corner of the screen. This display comes from a separate digital sonar
built into the unit. It displays only the bottom depth. If it loses the bottom,
the last known depth will flash on the display. When the digital finds the
bottom, it will automatically display the bottom depth again.
The digital sonar can be turned off, however this also turns all automatic
features off also, such as auto sensitivity, auto ranging, and the Fish ID.
feature.
To turn the digital off, first press the MENU key, then press the up or down
arrow keys until the "DIGITAL SONAR" menu appears. Press the left
arrow key to turn it off.
Note: Turning the digital sonar off also turns the automatic mode off,
including Fish ID, and the depth alarms.
19
ALARMS
The X-65 has three different types of sonar alarms. The first is the Fish
Alarm. It sounds when the Fish I.D. feature determines an echo or group
of echoes is a fish. Another alarm is the Zone Alarm which consists of a
bar. Any echo that appears inside this bar triggers this alarm. The last
alarm is called the Depth Alarm. Only the bottom signal will trigger this
alarm. This is useful as an anchor watch, a shallow water alert, or for
navigation.
To adjust an alarm, first press the
ALARM key. The screen shown at
right appears. Follow the instructions
below for setting each alarm.
DEPTH ALARMS
The depth alarms sound a tone when
the bottom signal goes shallower than
the shallow alarm’s setting or deeper
than the deep alarm’s setting. For
example, if you set the shallow alarm
to ten feet, the alarm will sound a tone
if the bottom signal is less than ten
feet. It will continue to sound until the bottom goes deeper than 10 feet.
The deep alarm works just the opposite. It sounds a warning tone if the
bottom depth goes deeper than the alarm's setting. Both depth alarms
work only off the digital bottom depth signals. No other targets will trip
these alarms. If you turn the digital off, the depth alarms will be inoperative.
These alarms can be used at the same time or individually.
To adjust the shallow alarm, highlight
the "Shallow Depth" label. To adjust
the deep alarm, highlight the "Deep
Depth" label. Both alarms adjust identically. We'll use the shallow alarm as
an example. Highlight the "Shallow
Depth" label, then press the right arrow key. The screen shown at right
appears.
Use the up or down arrow keys to
select the number, the right and left
keys to move from number to number
in the depth. For example, to set the shallow alarm depth to 10 feet, press
the right arrow key once, then press the up arrow key once. The changes
20
the second "0" to a "1". Next, press the
right arrow key again and press the
down arrow key once. This changes
the "1" at the end of the number to a
"0". The depth now shows 10 feet.
Press the ENT key to accept this
setting. The X-65 returns to the alarms
menu, showing a shallow depth of 10
feet. Now you can activate the alarm
by highlighting the "Shallow Alm" label
and pressing the right arrow key.
With the shallow alarm set at ten feet, anytime the digital display goes
below ten feet, the shallow alarm sounds.
Set the deep alarm in the same manner. If the bottom depth reading goes
below the deep alarm setting, the deep alarm will sound.
ZONE ALARM
The zone alarm is triggered when any
echo passes inside the zone alarm
bar, shown on the right side of the
screen. To turn the zone alarm on,
highlight the "Zone Alarm" label on the
alarms menu, then press the right
arrow key. To adjust the zone alarm,
highlight the "Zone Adjust" label, then
press the right arrow key. A screen
similar to the one at right appears.
To adjust the top of the zone bar
higher or lower, press the up or down
arrow keys while the up and down
arrows are surrounding the "Upper Zone" on the screen as shown above.
To adjust the bottom of the zone bar, first press the right arrow key to move
the arrows to the "Lower Zone" on the screen, then use the up or down
arrow keys.
When the zone alarm is set, press the EXIT key to erase the menus.
FISH ALARM
Use the fish alarm for a distinctive audible alarm when fish or other
suspended objects are detected by the Fish I.D. feature. A different tone
21
sounds for each fish symbol size shown on the display. To turn the fish
alarm on, press the ALARM key, then highlight the "Fish Alarm" label and
press the right arrow key. The unit will revert to the sonar display with the
fish alarm turned on. Repeat the above steps to turn the fish alarm off.
Note: If the unit is in the manual mode, turning the Fish Alarm on will also
turn the automatic mode and Fish ID on, also.
ADJUST CHART SURFACE CLARITY
The markings extending downward from the zero line on the chart are
called “surface clutter.” These markings are caused by wave action, boat
wakes, temperature inversion, and other natural causes.
The Surface Clarity Control (SCC)
reduces or eliminates surface clutter
signals from the display. SCC varies
the sensitivity of the receiver, decreasing it near the surface and gradually
increasing it as the depth increases.
The maximum depth that SCC will
affect is 75% of the selected depth
range. For example, on a 0-60 foot
range with maximum SCC, surface
clutter will be reduced down to 45 feet.
There are three levels of SCC available on the X-65: low, medium, and high. When it’s turned on for the first
time, the SCC level is low. To change it, press the MENU key, then press
the up or down arrow keys until the "Surface Clarity" menu appears. Now
use the left or right arrow keys to change it. When you're finished, press
the EXIT key to erase the SCC menu.
ASP (Advanced Signal Processing)
The ASP feature is a noise rejection system built into the X-65 that
constantly evaluates the effects of boat speed, water conditions, and
interference. This automatic feature gives you the best display possible
under most conditions.
The ASP feature is an effective tool in combating noise. In sonar terms,
noise is any undesired signal. It is caused by electrical and mechanical
sources such as bilge pumps, engine ignition systems and wiring, air
bubbles passing over the face of the transducer, even vibration from the
engine. In all cases, noise can produce unwanted marks on the display.
22
The ASP feature has two levels Normal and High. If you have high
noise levels, try using the “High” ASP
setting. However, if you are having
trouble with noise, we suggest that
you take steps to find the interference
source and fix it, rather than continually using the unit with the high ASP
setting. However, there are times when
you may want to turn the ASP feature
off. This allows you to view all incoming echoes before they are processed
by the ASP feature.
To change the ASP level, press the MENU key then press the up or down
arrow keys until the "ASP" menu appears. Now use the left or right arrow
keys to change it. When you're finished, press the EXIT key to erase the
ASP menu.
SYSTEM SETUP
The following features are available
through the "System Setup" menu. To
access this menu, press the MENU
key, then press the up or down arrow
keys until the "System Setup" menu
appears. Press the right arrow key.
The screen shown at right appears.
Audio/Display
You can adjust the display's contrast
and turn the speaker off or on using
this menu. To do this, highlight the
"Audio/Display" label on the system
setup menu, then press the right arrow key. The screen at right appears.
To adjust the contrast, highlight the
"Contrast" menu, then use the left or
right arrow key to change it. Look at
the pattern at the bottom of this screen
to adjust the contrast for the best
sharpness.
To turn the speaker off, highlight the
23
"Speaker" label, then press the left arrow key to turn it off.
System Information
This screen shows some basic data about the X-65. To view this, highlight
the "System Info" label on the System Setup menu, then press the right
arrow key. The system info screen appears. To erase this screen, press
the EXIT key. The X-65 returns to the System Setup menu.
Units of Measure
The X-65 normally shows the depth in
feet, speed in statute miles per hour,
distance in statute miles, and temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. You
can change any of these settings using the units of measure menu. To do
this, highlight the "Units of Measure"
label on the System Setup menu, then
press the right arrow key. The screen
at right appears. Highlight the item
you want to change, then press the
right or left arrow key to change it. To
erase this screen, press the EXIT key.
Reset Distance Log
If you have a speed sensor attached to the X-65, the unit starts counting
the distance you've travelled each time you turn it on. You can reset this
distance to zero by turning the unit off and on again, however, it's easier
to highlight the "Reset Distance Log" label on the System Setup menu,
then press the right arrow key. This resets the log and keeps you in the
System Setup menu. To erase this menu, press the EXIT key.
Temperature Graph
Some of the X-65's screens have a temperature graph, as shown at right.
Normally, the temperature graph has a 2°
range. On the screen shown at right, the
temperature graph has a range from 72° to
74°. You can change this range to 4° or 10°
using the "Temp Graph" label on the System
Setup menu. Highlight that label, then press
the right arrow key until the desired temperature graph range is highlighted. Press the
EXIT key to erase the menu.
24
Simulator
The X-65 has a simulator built in that lets you use it as if you are on the
water. All features and functions of the unit are usable. A message
appears occasionally to remind you that the simulator is on.
To use the simulator, press the MENU key, then press the up or down
arrow keys until the "System Setup" menu appears. When it does, press
the right arrow key. Now press the up or down arrow keys until the
"Simulator" label is highlighted. Finally, press the right arrow key. The X65 returns to a sonar screen with simulated echoes scrolling across the
screen.
Preset Options
The X-65 "remembers" all settings
such as units of measure, auto/
manual, sensitivity, even when power
is removed from the unit. To return the
X-65 to the factory settings, highlight
the "Preset Options" label on the "System Setup" menu, then press the right
arrow key. The X-65 returns to the full
chart screen with all settings returned
to their factory values.
Keel Offset
The X-65 measures water depth from
the face of the transducer. Since the
transducer is below the surface of the
water, this distance is not the exact
water depth. If the transducer is one
foot below the surface, and the X-65
reports the water depth as 30 feet,
then the depth is actually 31 feet.
You can calibrate the depth reading
using the keel offset feature. First,
highlight the "Keel Offset" label on the
"System Setup" menu, then press the
right arrow key. The screen shown at
right appears. The current bottom depth shows in the upper left corner of
the screen. The keel offset shows in the upper right corner. In this
example, we need to change the keel offset so that the X-65 will add one
25
foot to the depth, since the transducer
is one foot below the surface. Press
the right arrow key, then the up or
down arrow keys until 1.0 appears in
the "Adj Keel" box, as shown at right,
then press the ENT key. This immediately changes the digital depth display
at the top of the screen by one foot.
Press the EXIT key to erase this menu.
Note: Another way to use the keel
offset feature is if you want to know
the depth of the water below the lowest part of the boat, instead of the
surface. To do this, measure the lowest part of the boat below the transducer. In this example, we'll use 3
feet. Now, using the keel offset feature, adjust the offset for a negative 3
feet, as shown at right.
Please note that adjusting the keel
offset only affects the digital depth
display and all features that use the
digital depth, such as the depth alarms
and FishTrack. This doesn't affect the
chart at all.
Calibrate Speed
You can calibrate the speed display if
an optional speed sensor is attached
to the X-65. To do this, highlight the
"Calibrate Speed" label on the "System Setup" menu, then press the right
arrow key. A screen similar to the one
at right appears.
If the digital speed display is slower
than your actual speed, add a positive
percentage to make it read faster. If
the digital speed display is faster, use a negative percentage to make it
read slower. Use the arrow keys to change the speed, then press the ENT
key. Press the EXIT key to erase this menu.
26
WINDOWS SUMMARY
GROUP "A"
GROUP "B"
GROUP "C"
GROUP "D"
GROUP "E"
GROUP "F"
GROUP "G"
GROUP "H"
27
TROUBLESHOOTING
If your unit is not working, or if you need technical help, please use the
following troubleshooting section before contacting the factory customer
service department. It may save you the trouble of returning your unit.
Unit won’t turn on:
1. Check the power cable’s connection at the unit. Also check the wiring.
2. Make certain the power cable is wired properly. The red wire connects
to the positive battery terminal, black to negative or ground.
3. Check the fuse.
4. Measure the battery voltage at the unit’s power connector. It should be
at least 11 volts. If it isn’t, the wiring to the unit is defective, the battery
terminals or wiring on the terminals are corroded, or the battery needs
charging.
Unit freezes, locks up, or operates erratically:
1. Electrical noise from the boat’s motor, trolling motor, or an accessory
may be interfering with the sonar unit. Rerouting the power and transducer
cables away from other electrical wiring on the boat may help. Route the
sonar unit’s power cable directly to the battery instead of through a fuse
block or ignition switch
2. Inspect the transducer cable for breaks, cuts, or pinched wires.
3. Check both the transducer and power connectors. Make certain both
are securely plugged in to the unit.
Weak bottom echo, digital readings erratic, or no fish signals:
1. Make certain transducer is pointing straight down. Clean the face of the
transducer. Oil, dirt, and fuel can cause a film to form on the transducer,
reducing its effectiveness. If the transducer is mounted inside the hull, be
sure it is shooting through only one layer of fiberglass and that it is securely
bonded to the hull. Do NOT use RTV silicone rubber adhesive or
Marinetex
2. Electrical noise from the boat’s motor can interfere with the sonar. This
causes the sonar to automatically increase its Discrimination or noise
rejection feature. This can cause the unit to eliminate weaker signals such
as fish or even structure from the display.
28
3. The water may be deeper than the sonar’s ability to find the bottom. If
the sonar can’t find the bottom signal while it’s in the automatic mode, the
digital will flash continuously. It may change the range to limits far greater
than the water you are in. If this happens, place the unit in the manual
mode, then change the range to a realistic one, (for example, 0-100 feet)
and increase the sensitivity. As you move into shallower water, a bottom
signal should appear.
4. Check the battery voltage. If the voltage drops, the unit’s transmitter
power also drops, reducing its ability to find the bottom or targets.
Bottom echo disappears at high speeds or erratic digital reading or
weak bottom echo while boat is moving
1. The transducer may be in turbulent water. It must be mounted in a
smooth flow of water in order for the sonar to work at all boat speeds. Air
bubbles in the water disrupt the sonar signals, interfering with its ability to
find the bottom or other targets. The technical term for this is Cavitation.
2. Electrical noise from the boat’s motor can interfere with the sonar. This
causes the sonar to automatically increase its Discrimination or noise
rejection feature. This can cause the unit to eliminate weaker signals such
as fish or even structure from the display. Try using resistor spark plugs
or routing the sonar unit’s power and transducer cables away from other
electrical wiring on the boat.
No fish arches when the Fish ID feature is off:
1. Make certain transducer is pointing straight down. This is the most
common problem if a partial arch is displayed.
2. The sensitivity may not be high enough. In order for the unit to display
a fish arch, it has to be able to receive the fish’s echo from the time it enters
the cone until it leaves. If the sensitivity is not high enough, the unit shows
the fish only when it is in the center of the cone.
3. Use the Zoom feature. It is much easier to display fish arches when
zoomed in on a small range of water than a large one. For example, you
will have much better luck seeing fish arches with a 30 to 60 foot range than
a 0 to 60 foot range. This enlarges the targets, allowing the display to show
much more detail.
4. The boat must be moving at a slow trolling speed to see fish arches.
If the boat is motionless, fish stay in the cone, showing on the screen as
straight horizontal lines.
29
NOISE
A major cause of sonar problems is electrical noise. This usually appears
on the sonar’s display as random patterns of dots or lines. In severe cases,
it can completely cover the screen with black dots, or cause the unit
operate erratically, or not at all.
To eliminate or minimize the effects of electrical noise, first try to
determine the cause. With the boat at rest in the water, the first thing you
should do is turn all electrical equipment on the boat off. Make certain the
engine is off, also. Turn your X-65 on, then turn off ASP (Advanced Signal
Processing). There should be a steady bottom signal on the display. Now
turn on each piece of electrical equipment on the boat and view the effect
on the sonar’s display. For example, turn on the bilge pump and view the
sonar display for noise. If no noise is present, turn the pump off, then turn
on the VHF radio and transmit. Keep doing this until all electrical
equipment has been turned on, their effect on the sonar display noted,
then turned off.
If you find noise interference from an electrical instrument, trolling motor,
pump, or radio, try to isolate the problem. You can usually reroute the
sonar unit’s power cable and transducer cable away from the wiring that
is causing the interference. VHF radio antenna cables radiate noise when
transmitting, so be certain to keep the sonar’s wires away from it. You may
need to route the sonar unit’s power cable directly to the battery to isolate
it from other wiring on the boat.
If no noise displays on the sonar unit from electrical equipment, then make
certain everything except the sonar unit is turned off, then start the engine.
Increase the RPM with the gearshift in neutral. If noise appears on the
display, the problem could be one of three things; spark plugs, alternator,
or tachometer wiring. Try using resistor spark plugs, alternator filters, or
routing the sonar unit’s power cable away from engine wiring. Again,
routing the power cable directly to the battery helps eliminate noise
problems. Make certain to use the in-line fuse supplied with the unit when
wiring the power cable to the battery.
When no noise appears on the sonar unit after all of the above tests, then
the noise source is probably cavitation. Many novices or persons with
limited experience make hasty sonar installations which function perfectly
in shallow water, or when the boat is at rest. In nearly all cases, the cause
of the malfunction will be the location and/or angle of the transducer. The
face of the transducer must be placed in a location that has a smooth flow
of water at all boat speeds. Read your transducer owner’s manual for the
best mounting position.
30
LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS, INC
FULL ONE-YEAR WARRANTY
“We", “our”, or “us” refers to LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS, INC, the manufacturer of this
product. “You” or “your” refers to the first person who purchases this product as a consumer
item for personal, family, or household use.
We warrant this product against defects or malfunctions in materials and workmanship, and
against failure to conform to this product’s written specifications, all for one year (1) from the
date of original purchase by you. WE MAKE NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY OR
REPRESENTATION OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER CONCERNING THIS PRODUCT. Your
remedies under this warranty will be available so long as you can show in a reasonable manner
that any defect or malfunction in materials or workmanship, or any non-conformity with the
product’s written specifications, occurred within one year from the date of your original
purchase, which must be substantiated by a dated sales receipt or sales slip. Any such defect,
malfunction, or non-conformity which occurs within one year from your original purchase date
will either be repaired without charge or be replaced with a new product identical or reasonably
equivalent to this product, at our option, within a reasonable time after our receipt of the product.
If such defect, malfunction, or non-conformity remains after a reasonable number of attempts
to repair by us, you may elect to obtain without charge a replacement of the product or a refund
for the product. THIS REPAIR, REPLACEMENT, OR REFUND (AS JUST DESCRIBED) IS
THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AVAILABLE TO YOU AGAINST US FOR ANY DEFECT,
MALFUNCTION, OR NON-CONFORMITY CONCERNING THE PRODUCT OR FOR ANY
LOSS OR DAMAGE RESULTING FROM ANY OTHER CAUSE WHATSOEVER. WE WILL
NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR ANY SPECIAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR OTHER INDIRECT DAMAGE OF ANY KIND.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages,
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty does NOT apply in the following circumstances: (1) when the product has been
serviced or repaired by anyone other than us, (2) when the product has been connected,
installed, combined, altered, adjusted, or handled in a manner other than according to the
instructions furnished with the product, (3) when any serial number has been effaced, altered,
or removed, or (4) when any defect, problem, loss, or damage has resulted from any accident,
misuse, negligence, or carelessness, or from any failure to provide reasonable and necessary
maintenance in accordance with the instructions of the owner’s manual for the product.
We reserve the right to make changes or improvements in our products from time to time without
incurring the obligation to install such improvements or changes on equipment or items
previously manufactured.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which may vary
from state to state.
REMINDER: You must retain the sales slip or sales receipt proving the date of your original
purchase in case warranty service is ever required.
31
UPS Return Service
Lowrance Electronics and United Parcel Service (UPS) are proud to offer
all of our customers free shipping for all units sent to us for repair or
service. If you have to send this unit to the factory, and you are in the
continental United States, use the enclosed UPS shipping label for easy,
free shipping to our factory customer service department. There are six
easy steps:
1.Call Lowrance at the toll-free number on the front of this flyer for a Return
Authorization (RA) number and instructions about what accessories to
return. Do not return a product to the factory without a Return
Authorization (RA) Number!
2.Pack your unit and any accessories in the original shipping container,
if possible. Be sure to include proof of purchase for warranty
verification!
3. Write a brief note detailing the problem you're having with the unit.
Please include your name, address, and daytime telephone number.
4. Please include payment for non-warranty repairs. Check, money order,
Visa, or MasterCard may be used.
5.Fill in your name, address, zip code, date, and RA number in the blanks
provided on the UPS form included with your unit.
6.Attach the label to the shipping box, tear off the tab for your receipt and
give the package to any UPS driver or take the package to any UPS
Customer Center. You will not be charged for this shipment.
That's it! Your unit will be shipped to Lowrance's customer service
department at no charge to you. Units under warranty will be returned to
you at no charge.
NOTE!
Lowrance will pay UPS surface shipping charges both to and from the
factory for this unit in the event it needs repair. Your unit is insured against
loss or shipping damage when you use the enclosed UPS label.
32
KEEP THIS LABEL!
YOU WILL NEED IT IF YOU EVER NEED TO RETURN YOUR UNIT TO THE
FACTORY FOR REPAIR.
This UPS shipping offer is good only in the continental United States (excludes Alaska and Hawaii).
Lowrance Electronics may find it necessary to change or end our shipping policies, regulations, and special offers at any time. We reserve the right to do so without notice.
Accessory Ordering Information
To order accessories such as power cables or transducers, please contact:
1) Your local marine dealer. Most quality dealers that handle marine
electronic equipment should be able to assist you with these items.
Consult your local telephone directory for listings.
2) LEI Extras, Inc. P.O. Box 129 Catoosa, OK 74015-0129
or call
800-324-0045
(USA orders only.)
33
34
How to Obtain Service
(Canadian Customers Only)
We back your investment in quality products with quick, expert service and genuine Lowrance
replacement parts. If you need service or repairs, contact the Lowrance Factory Customer
Service Department at the toll-free number listed below. A technician may be able to solve the
problem and save you the inconvenience of returning your unit. You will be asked for your unit's
serial number.
800-324-1356
Canada Only. Monday through Friday 8:00 A.M. - 8:00 P.M. Central Time.
How to Obtain Service
(International Customers Only)
If you need service or repairs, contact the dealer in the country you purchased your unit.
WARRANTY REPAIR WILL BE HONORED ONLY IN THE COUNTRY
UNIT WAS PURCHASED.
Please follow the shipping instructions shown below on this page if you have to mail your unit
to the dealer. For proper testing, repair, and service, send a brief note with the product
describing the problem. Be sure to include your name, return shipping address, and a daytime
telephone number.
Shipping Information
When sending a product for repair, we recommend you do the following:
1. Always use the original shipping container and filler material the product was packed in
when shipping your product.
2 Always insure the parcel against damage or loss during shipment. Lowrance does not
assume responsibility for goods lost or damaged in transit.
3. For proper testing, repair, and service, send a brief note with the product describing the
problem. Be sure to include your name, return shipping address, and a daytime telephone
number.
Accessory Ordering Information
To order accessories such as power cables or transducers, please contact:
1. Your local marine dealer. Most quality dealers that handle marine electronic equipment
should be able to assist you with these items. Consult your local telephone directory for
listings.
2. Canadian customers only can write:
Lowrance/Lowrance Canada, 919 Matheson Blvd., E. Mississauga, Ontario L4W2R7
or fax 905-629-3118
35
How to Obtain Service
(U.S.A. Only)
We back your investment in quality products with quick, expert service and
genuine Lowrance® replacement parts. If you're in the United States and
you have questions, please contact the Factory Customer Service Department using our toll-free number listed below. You must send the unit to the
factory for warranty service or repair. Please call the factory before
sending the unit. You will be asked for your unit's serial number (shown
above). Use the following toll-free number:
800-324-1356
U.S.A.only. Monday through Friday 8:00 A.M. - 8:00 P.M. Central time, except holidays.
Your unit is covered by a full one-year warranty. (See page 29 for complete
warranty details.) If your unit fails and the failure is not covered by the
original warranty, Lowrance has a flat-rate repair policy that covers your
unit and accessories packed with the unit at the factory. There is a 180day warranty on all non-warranty repairs from the factory, which is similar
to the original warranty, but is for 180 days rather than one year. For further
details, please call us at the above number.
Lowrance also gives you free UPS shipping from anywhere in the
continental United States both to and from the factory for all warranty
repairs. You can also use the enclosed UPS shipping label for nonwarranty shipments. See page 30 for more information.
Remember, non-warranty repairs are subject to Lowrance's published flatrate charges and 180-day warranty.
LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS, INC
12000 E. SKELLY DRIVE
TULSA, OK 74128
LITHO IN U.S.A.
988-0133-19
36
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement