Matrix Hairstyles GLK24064-25 User's Manual

Matrix Hairstyles GLK24064-25 User's Manual
GLK24064-25
Technical Manual
Revision: 3.0
Contents
Contents
ii
1 Getting Started
1.1 Display Options Available
1.2 Accessories . . . . . . . .
1.3 Features . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 Connecting to a PC . . . .
1.5 Installing the Software . .
1.5.1 MOGD# . . . . .
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1
1
2
5
6
7
7
2 Hardware Information
2.1 DB-9 Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1 Power Through DB-9 Jumper .
2.2 Power/Data Connector . . . . . . . . .
2.2.1 Legacy Data Connector Jumpers
2.3 Protocol Select Jumpers . . . . . . . . .
2.4 Keypad Interface Connector . . . . . .
2.5 Manual Override . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.6 Filesystem Lock Jumper . . . . . . . .
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12
13
3 Troubleshooting
3.1 The display does not turn on when power is applied. . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 The display module is not communicating. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3 The display module is communicating, however text cannot be displayed.
3.4 There is a problem uploading fonts or bitmaps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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13
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14
14
4 Communications
4.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.1 I2 C Communication . . .
4.1.2 Serial Communication . .
4.2 Turn Flow Control On . . . . . .
4.3 Turn Flow Control Off . . . . . .
4.4 Changing the I2 C Slave Address .
4.5 Changing the Baud Rate . . . . .
4.6 Setting a Non-Standard Baud Rate
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15
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17
18
5 Fonts
5.1 Introduction . . . . . . .
5.1.1 Font File Format
5.1.2 Creating a Font .
5.2 Uploading a Font File . .
5.3 Setting the Current Font .
5.4 Font Metrics . . . . . . .
5.5 Set Box Space Mode . .
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19
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22
23
Matrix Orbital
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GLK24064-25
ii
6 Text
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
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24
24
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24
25
25
26
7 Bitmaps
7.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . .
7.2 Uploading a Bitmap File . . . .
7.3 Drawing a Bitmap from Memory
7.4 Drawing a Bitmap Directly . . .
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26
26
26
27
27
8 Bar Graphs and Drawing
8.1 Introduction . . . . . . . .
8.2 Set Drawing Color . . . .
8.3 Draw Pixel . . . . . . . .
8.4 Drawing a Line . . . . . .
8.5 Continue a Line . . . . . .
8.6 Draw a Rectangle . . . . .
8.7 Drawing a Solid Rectangle
8.8 Initializing a Bar Graph . .
8.9 Drawing a Bar Graph . . .
8.10 Initializing a Strip Chart .
8.11 Shifting a Strip Chart . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . .
Move Cursor Home . . . . . .
Setting the Cursor Position . .
Setting the Cursor Coordinate
Auto Scroll On . . . . . . . .
Auto Scroll Off . . . . . . . .
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28
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31
31
32
33
34
9 Keypad
9.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . .
9.2 Auto Transmit Keypresses On
9.3 Auto Transmit Keypresses Off
9.4 Poll Key Press . . . . . . . . .
9.5 Clear Key Buffer . . . . . . .
9.6 Set Debounce Time . . . . . .
9.7 Set Auto Repeat Mode . . . .
9.8 Auto Repeat Mode Off . . . .
9.9 Assign Keypad Codes . . . . .
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35
35
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36
36
36
37
37
38
39
10 Display Functions
10.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.2 Clear Screen . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.3 Backlight On . . . . . . . . . . .
10.4 Backlight Off . . . . . . . . . . .
10.5 Set Backlight Brightness . . . . .
10.6 Set and Save Backlight Brightness
10.7 Set Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.8 Set and Save Contrast . . . . . . .
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39
39
40
40
41
41
41
42
42
Matrix Orbital
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GLK24064-25
iii
11 Filesystem
11.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . .
11.1.1 File Upload Protocol
11.2 Wipe Filesystem . . . . . .
11.3 Deleting a File . . . . . . . .
11.4 Get Filesystem Space . . . .
11.5 Get Filesystem Contents . .
11.6 Downloading a File . . . . .
11.7 Moving a File . . . . . . . .
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43
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46
46
47
12 Data Security
12.1 Introduction . . . . . .
12.2 Set Remember . . . . .
12.3 Data Lock . . . . . . .
12.4 Set and Save Data Lock
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47
47
48
48
50
13 Miscellaneous
13.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13.2 Read Version Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13.3 Read Module Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
50
50
51
14 Command Summary
14.1 Communications . . . .
14.2 Fonts . . . . . . . . . .
14.3 Text . . . . . . . . . . .
14.4 Bitmaps . . . . . . . . .
14.5 Bar Graphs and Drawing
14.6 Keypad . . . . . . . . .
14.7 Display Functions . . . .
14.8 Filesystem . . . . . . . .
14.9 Data Security . . . . . .
14.10Miscellaneous . . . . . .
14.11Command By Number .
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52
52
52
53
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54
55
56
56
57
57
57
15 Appendix
15.1 Specifications . . . . . . .
15.1.1 Environmental . .
15.1.2 Electrical . . . . .
15.2 Optical Characteristics . .
15.3 Physical Layout . . . . . .
15.4 Definitions . . . . . . . . .
15.5 Contacting Matrix Orbital .
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59
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60
60
61
61
61
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
iv
1 Getting Started
Figure 1: GLK24064-25-WB
The GLK24064-25 is an intelligent graphic LCD display designed to decrease development time by
providing an instant solution to any project. With the ability to communicate via serial RS-232/TTL and I2 C
protocols, the versatile GLK24064-25 can be used with virtually any controller. The ease of use is further
enhanced by an intuitive command structure to allow display settings such as backlight brightness, contrast
and baud rate to be software controlled. Additionally, text and fonts may be uploaded to the display and
stored in the on board memory.
1.1 Display Options Available
The GLK24064-25 comes in a variety of colors including the standard yellow/green, the popular blue/white
and the crisp white/grey. Extended voltage, and temperature options are also available, to allow you to select
the display which will best fit your project needs.
Figure 2: GLK24064-25 Options
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
1
1.2 Accessories
NOTE Matrix Orbital provides all the interface accessories needed to get your display
up and running. You will find these accessories and others on our e-commerce website at
http://www.matrixorbital.com. To speak with a sales associate see Section 15.5 on page 61
for contact information.
Figure 3: 5V Power Cable Adapter
Figure 4: 12V Power Cable Adapter (V/VPT Models)
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
2
Figure 5: Breadboard Cable
Figure 6: Serial Cable 4FT
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
3
Figure 7: Communication and 5V Power Cable
Figure 8: 4X4 Keypad
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
4
1.3 Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
240 x 64 pixel graphics display
Selectable communication protocol, RS-232 or I2 C
128 byte buffered communication
5V - 20mA General Purpose Output
16 KB flash memory for fonts and bitmaps
Lightning fast communication speeds, up to 115 kbps for RS-232 and 400 kbps for I2 C
Display text using built in or user supplied fonts
Adjustable contrast
Adjustable backlight brightness
Default 19.2 kbps serial communication speed
Extended temperature available for extreme environments of -20C to 70C
Extended voltage and efficient power supply available
Support for up to a twenty-five key matrix style keypad
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
5
1.4 Connecting to a PC
The GLK24064-25 connects seamlessly to a PC and it is an excellent means of testing the functionality
and uploading new fonts and bitmaps. You will require a standard RS-232 9-pin serial cable such as the one
pictured in figure 6 on page 3, as well as a modified 5V power adapter such as the one pictured in figure 3 on
page 2.
In order to connect your display to a personal computer follow these easy instructions:
1. Plug the serial cable into the com port you wish to use.
2. Connect the modified 5V power adapter to a power lead from your PC power supply (you will have to
open your computer case).
3. Connect the serial cable to the DB-9 connector on the back of the display.
4. Connect the 5V power adapter to the 4-pin connector on the back of the display.
WARNING DO NOT use the standard floppy drive power connector,
as this will not provide you with the correct voltage and will damage the
display module.
Figure 9: PC vs Matrix Orbital Display Module Wiring
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
6
1.5 Installing the Software
1.5.1 MOGD#
MOGD# is the latest updated version of MOGD and can be used to manage font and graphics downloads
as well as exercise all of the features of our graphical displays. MOGD# provides a new user friendly
interface as well as many feature enhancements.
To install MOGD# from the Matrix Orbital CD, follow the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Insert the Matrix Orbital Cd-ROM into the Cd drive
Locate the file MogdSharp.zip, which should be in the “cd-drive:\Download” directory
Unzip MogdSharp.zip to a temporary directory using a program such as Winzip, Pkzip, etc.
Double click on "setup.exe"
Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the installation
MOGD# requires the .NET framework 2.0 and will download and install it automatically
After the installation is complete there will be a Matrix Orbital entry under “Start->Programs->Matrix Orbital” in the start menu. Click on the ’Mogd Sharp’ entry to run the program.
Be sure to check the information selected in the configuration panel the first time MOGD# is run.
Once this information is entered correctly the program can be used to control all functions of the graphic
display.speed=17.391-1
speed=16.391
Port
Speed
Display Type
PCB Revision
The serial port the display is plugged in to.
The communication speed the display
module is set to. (Default 19,200)
The type of display. (GLK24064-25)
The revision of the display you are using.
(Found on the back of the PCB)
Figure 10: Mogd Sharp Settings
NOTES
• MOGD# may also be downloaded from Matrix Orbital’s support site at
http://www.matrixorbital.ca/software/software_graphic/MogdSharp
• Winzip is available as a free download from http://www.winzip.com
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
7
2 Hardware Information
Refer to the following diagram for this chapter:
1 DB-9 Connector
2 Power Through DB9 Jumper
3 Manual Override
4 Keypad Interface Connector
5 Power / Data Connector
6 Legacy Connector Jumper
7 Protocol Select Jumpers
8 File System Lock Jumper
Figure 11: GLK24064-25
2.1 DB-9 Connector
The GLK24064-25 provides a DB-9 Connector to readily interface with serial devices which use the
EIA232 standard signal levels of ±12V to ±12V. It is also possible to communicate at TTL levels of 0 to
+5V by setting the Protocol Select Jumpers to TTL. As an added feature it is also possible to apply power
through pin 9 of the DB-9 Connector in order to reduce cable clutter. However, in order to accomplish this
you must set the Power Through DB-9 Jumper.
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 5
Pin 9
Rx \ SCL (I2 C clock)
Tx \ SDA (I2 C data)
GND
PWR (Must solder Power Through DB9 Jumper. See table 1 on page 10 for
power requirements.)
Figure 12: RS-232 Pin-out
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
8
2.1.1 Power Through DB-9 Jumper
In order to provide power through pin 9 of the DB-9 Connector you must place a solder jumper on the
Power through DB-9 Jumper pictured in figure 13 below. The GLK24064-25 allows all voltage models to use
the power through DB-9 option, see table 1 on the following page for display module voltage requirements.
Figure 13: Power Through DB-9 Jumper
WARNING Do not apply voltage through pin 9 of the DB-9 connector
AND through the Power/Data Connector at the same time.
2.2 Power/Data Connector
The Power/Data Connector provides a standard connector for powering the display module. The GLK2406425 requires five volts for the standard display module, between nine to fifteen for the wide voltage (V) and
between nine to thirty-five volts for the wide voltage with efficient power supply module (VPT). The voltage is applied through pins one and four of the four pin Power/Data connector. Pins two and three are
reserved for serial transmission, using either the RS-232/TTL or the I2 C protocol, depending on what has
been selected by the Protocol Select Jumpers. Pins two and three may be reversed by changing the Legacy
Connector Jumpers in order to be compatible with previous PCB revisions.
Pin 1
PWR (See table 1 on the next
page)
Pin 2
Pin 3
Pin 4
Rx \ SCL (I2 C clock)
Tx \ SDA (I2 C data)
GND
Figure 14: Power Connector and Pin-out
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
9
Table 1: Power Requirements
Supply Voltage
Supply Current
Supply Backlight Current
Standard
+5Vdc ±0.25V
-V
+9V to +15V
31 mA typical
160 mA typical
-VPT
+9V to +35V
WARNINGS
• Do not apply any power with reversed polarization.
• Do not apply any voltage other than the specified voltage.
2.2.1 Legacy Data Connector Jumpers
To reverse pins two and three of the Power/Data Connector remove the zero ohm resistors from the
Legacy Data Connector Jumpers, labeled with the = symbol and place them on the jumpers labeled with
the X symbol. This will allow you to transmit on pin two, and receive data on pin three as pictured in figure
15 below.
[
x[
=
Power/Data Connector
Pin 2 Rx \ SCL (I2 C clock)
Pin 3 Tx \ SDA (I2 C data)
Pin 2 Tx \ SDA (I2 C data)
Pin 3 Rx \ SCL (I2 C clock)
Figure 15: Legacy Data Connector Jumpers
2.3 Protocol Select Jumpers
The Protocol Select Jumpers, pictured below in figure 16, provide the means necessary to toggle the
display module between RS-232, TTL and I2 C protocols. As a default, the jumpers are set to RS-232 mode
with zero ohm resistors on the 232 jumpers. In order to place the display module in I2 C mode you must
first remove the zero ohm resistors from the 232 jumpers and then solder the resistors on to the I2C jumpers.
The display will now be in I2 C mode and have a default slave address of 0x50 unless it has been changed.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
10
Similarly, in order to change the display to TTL mode, simply remove the zero ohm resistors from the 232
or I2 C jumpers and solder them to the TTL jumpers.
Figure 16: Protocol Select Jumpers
2.4 Keypad Interface Connector
The GLK24064-25 provides a Keypad Interface Connector which allows for up to a five by five matrix
style keypad to be directly connected to the display module. Key presses are generated when a short is
detected between a row and a column. When a key press is generated a character, which is associated with
the particular key press, is automatically sent on the Tx communication line. If the display module is running
in I2 C mode, the “Auto Transmit Keypress” function may be turned off, to allow the key presses to remain
in the buffer so that they may be polled. The character that is associated with each key press may also be
altered using the “Assign Key Codes” command, for more detailed information see the Keypad Section, on
page 35.
Figure 17: Keypad Interface Connector
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
11
2.5 Manual Override
The Manual Override is provided to allow the GLK24064-25 to be reset to factory defaults. This can be
particularly helpful if the display module has been set to an unknown baud rate or I2 C Slave Address and
you are no longer able to communicate with it. If you wish to return the module to its default settings you
must:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Power off the display module.
Place a Jumper on the Manual Override pins 1 and 2 as pictured below.
Power up the display module.
The display module is now set to its default values listed below in table 2.
Edit and save settings.
Figure 18: Manual Override Jumper
Table 2: Default Values
Contrast
Backlight
Baud Rate
I2 C Slave Address
Data Lock
RS232AutoTransmitData
128
255
19.2 kbps
0x50
False
True
NOTE The display module will revert back to the old settings once turned off, unless the
settings are saved.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
12
2.6 Filesystem Lock Jumper
The File System Lock Jumper allows you to lock the file system on the GLK24064-25 so that no fonts or
bitmaps can be either written or deleted from the on board memory. This feature is useful in order to protect
data integrity of production units, if protection of other settings is required see Section 12.1.
To lock the file system, solder a zero ohm resistor or use a solder jumper on the Filesystem Lock Jumper
pictured in figure 19 below.
Figure 19: File System Lock Jumper
3 Troubleshooting
3.1 The display does not turn on when power is applied.
• First, you will want to make sure that you are using the correct power connector. Standard floppy
drive power cables from your PC power supply may fit on the Power/Data Connector however they do
not have the correct pin-out as can be seen in figure 9 on page 6. Matrix Orbital supplies power cable
adapters for connecting to a PC, which can be found in the Accessories Section on page 2.
• The next step is to check the power cable which you are using for continuity. If you don’t have an
ohm meter, try using a different power cable, if this does not help try using a different power supply.
• The last step will be to check the Power / Data Connector on the GLK24064-25. If the Power / Data
Connector has become loose, or you are unable to resolve the issue, please contact Matrix Orbital
see 15.5 on page 61 for contact information.
3.2 The display module is not communicating.
• First, check the communication cable for continuity. If you don’t have an ohm meter, try using a
different communication cable. If you are using a PC try using a different Com port.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
13
• Second, please ensure that the display module is set to communicate on the protocol that you are
using, by checking the Protocol Select Jumpers. To change the protocol used by the display module
see Section 2.3 on page 10.
• Third, ensure that the host system and display module are both communicating on the same baud rate.
The default baud rate for the display module is 19200 bps.
• If you are communicating to the display via I2 C please ensure that the data is being sent to the correct
address. The default slave address for the display module is 0x50.
NOTE I2 C communication will always require pull up resistors.
• Finally, you may reset the display to it’s default settings using the Manual Override Jumper, see
Section 2.5 on page 12.
3.3 The display module is communicating, however text cannot
be displayed.
• The cause of this is often that no font has been loaded onto the display. To load a font onto the display
see Section 4.2.1 on page 16.
• Another common cause may be that the contrast settings have been set to low. The solution to this
problem is to adjust the contrast settings, the default setting that will work in most environments is
128.
NOTE Optimal contrast settings may vary according to factors such as temperature, viewing angle and lighting conditions.
3.4 There is a problem uploading fonts or bitmaps.
• First, ensure that you can communicate to the display. A good test is to use a PC, with MOGD# installed, to connect to the display. See Section 1.4 on page 6 for setting up a PC to test the GLK2406425.
• Second, unsure that the File System Lock Jumper has not been set. See Section 2.6 on the previous
page.
• Third, please ensure that the display module’s memory is not full. The GLK24064-25 has 16 Kb of
memory for fonts and bitmaps.
NOTE If you are unable to resolve any issue please contact Matrix Orbital. See 15.5 on
page 61 for contact information.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
14
4 Communications
4.1 Introduction
The commands listed in this chapter describe how to configure data flow on the RS232/TTL and I2 C
port. The display has built in flow control which may be useful when long strings of text are downloaded to
the display. Flow control is enabled or disabled by two commands. If flow control is enabled, the display
will return an "almost full" message (0xFE) to the controller when its internal buffer fills to a defined level,
and an "almost empty" message (0xFF) when the buffer contents drop to a defined level.
4.1.1 I2 C Communication
The GLC25064 is capable of communicating at 400 Kbps in I2 C mode, with 127 units addressable on
a single I2 C communication line. However, in order to communicate via I2 C you must first set the Protocol
Select Jumpers as can be seen in Section 2.3 and ensure that pull up resistors, with a nominal value of 1K to
10K, are placed on the SCL SDA communication lines coming from pins two and three of the Data / Power
Connector respectively. The GLK24064-25 uses 8-bit addressing, with the 8th bit designated as the read
write bit, a 0 designates a write address and a 1 designates a read address. The default read address of the
display module will be 0x51, whereas the write address is 0x50 by default, to change the I2 C address see
section 8.2.1.
When communicating in I2 C the GLK24064-25 will send an ACK on the 9th clock cycle when addressed.
When writing to the display module, the display will respond with a ACK when the write has successfully
been completed. However if the buffer has been filled, or the module is too busy processing data it will
respond with a NAK. When performing a multiple byte read within one I2 C transaction, each byte read from
the slave should be followed by an ACK to indicate that the master still needs data, and a NAK to indicate
that the transmission is over.
4.1.2 Serial Communication
In addition to being able to communicate via I2 C the GLK24064-25 communicates natively through the
RS-232 protocol at a default baud rate of 19,200 bps and is capable of standard baud rates from 9600 to
115200 bps. Furthermore the GLK24064-25 is also capable of reproducing any non-standard baud rate in
between using values entered into our baud rate generation algorithm and set through command 164 (0xA4).
The display module communicates at standard voltage levels of . at ±12V to ±12V or at TTL levels of 0 to
+5V by setting the Protocol Select Jumpers to TTL.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
15
4.2 Turn Flow Control On
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
full
empty
0xFE 0x3A [full] [empty]
254 58 [full] [empty]
254 “:” [full] [empty]
Length
1
1
Description
The upper limit to issue an
The lower limit to issue an
Description
This command enables flow control. When the buffer fills so that only
[full] bytes are available, the display will return an “almost full” message (0xFE) to the host controller. When the buffer empties so that only
[empty] bytes remain, the display will return an “almost empty” message
(0xFF) to the host controller.
The display will return the “almost full” message for every byte sent to
the display until the used buffer space once more drops below the [full]
level. Whether the user is in ‘flow control mode’ or not, the module will
ignore display or command bytes which would overrun the buffer. While
in ‘flow control mode’ the unit will return 0xFE when buffer is almost
full even though it may have already thrown rejected data away. The
buffer size for the display is 80 bytes.
When using this command in an application, selection of the value for
the buffer [full] should be considered very carefully. This is a critical
aspect to be able to use this feature to it’s full potential. When using a
host system or PC which contains a FIFO, the user should set the value
of [full] equal to or greater than the size of the FIFO. The reason for this
is that the FIFO may be full when the host system receives 0xFE. In the
case of 16550 UART the size at its maximum is 16, therefore the value
of [full] should be set to 16 or greater.
Remembered
No
Factory Default
Off
4.3 Turn Flow Control Off
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x3B
254 59
254 “;”
GLK24064-25
16
Description
This command turns off flow control. Bytes may overflow the buffer
without warning.
Remembered
No
4.4 Changing the I2 C Slave Address
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
adr
Description
0xFE 0x33 [adr]
254 51 [adr]
254 “3” [adr]
Length
1
Description
The new I2 C write address (0x00 0xFF).
This command sets the I2 C write address of the module between 0x00
and 0xFF. The I2 C write address must be an even number and the read
address is automatically set to one higher. For example if the I2 C write
address is set to 0x50, then the read address is 0x51.
NOTE The change in address is immediate.
Remembered
Always
Factory Default
0x50
4.5 Changing the Baud Rate
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
speed
Description
Data Security
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x39 [speed]
254 57 [speed]
254 “9” [speed]
Length
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Hex value corresponding to a baud
rate.
17
Remembered
Always
Factory Default
0x50
4.6 Setting a Non-Standard Baud Rate
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
speed
0xFE 0xA4 [speed]
254 164 [speed]
Length
2
Description
Inputed LSB MSB from baud rate
formula (12-2047).
Description
This command sets the RS-232 port to a non-standard baud rate. The
command accepts a two byte parameter that goes directly into the mod16,000,000
ules baud generator. Use the formula, speed = 8×DesiredBaud
− 1 to calculate the [speed] for any baud rate setting. The speed can be anywhere
from 12 to 2047 which corresponds to a baud range of 977 to 153,800
baud. Setting the baud rate out of this range could cause the display to
stop working properly and require the Manual Override jumper to be set.
Remembered
Always
Examples
speed = 17.391 − 1
speed =
16, 000, 000
−1
8 × DesiredBaud
speed =
16, 000, 000
−1
8 × 115, 000
speed = 16.391
LSB = 16
MSB = 0
NOTE Results from the formula are rounded to the nearest whole number.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
18
5 Fonts
5.1 Introduction
The GLK24064-25 comes loaded with the ’Small Filled’ and ’Futura Bk BT 16’ fonts by default however, it is capable of displaying any font that is uploaded to it in the correct format. MOGD# provides a
simple method of generating font files from your installed fonts. For instructions on how to install MOGD#
see Section 1.5.1 on page 7.
5.1.1 Font File Format
A font file consists of three parts, a header, a character table and bitmap data.
1. Header (4 bytes)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Nominal Width (1 byte)
Height (1 byte)
ASCII Start Value (1 byte)
ASCII End Value (1 byte)
2. Character Table (3 bytes for every character between the ASCII Start and End values inclusive)
(a) High Offset LSB (1 byte)
(b) Low Offset MSB(1 byte)
(c) Character Width (1 byte)
3. Bitmap Data
5.1.2 Creating a Font
The following is an example of how to create a font file for the letters h, i and j.
First you must create the bitmaps containing the character data in bitmap form. Figure 20 below illustrates the bit pattern for the h, i and j bitmap data.
Figure 20: Bitmaps for h, i, and j
Second you may begin to create the font file starting with the header. The header will contain the nominal
width, the height and the ASCII start and end values inclusive that you wish to create characters for.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
19
Character Data
h
i
j
0x84
0x43
0x2D
Character Data
0x2D 0x98 0xC6
0x24 0x84
0x98 0x19 0x60
Byte Size (For Reference)
0x05
0x03
0x04
0x20
Table 8: Font File Header
Nominal Width
0x05
Height
0x07
ASCII Start Val
0x49
ASCII End Val
0x4B
Next we will have to find out how many bytes each character will use up, in order to create the character
table. The bitmaps are encoded horizontally and may have variable widths, h has a width of five, i a width
of three and j a width of four, see the figure below for an example of encoding the first letter h:
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Bitmap Data
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
Byte
Hex Value
10000100
00101101
10011000
11000110
00100000
0x84
0x2D
Fonts
0xC6
0x20
Figure 21: Bitmap Encoding
As you can see the letter h will take up five bytes with the last three bits being zero padded to form a full
byte. So if you continue the process you will get the character data as seen in table 5.1.2.
The second part of the font file is the character table. The character table is comprised of three bytes for
every glyph in the font file.
The first two bytes represents the position, in bytes, of the glyph stored MSB LSB referenced from the
beginning of the file including the header. The third byte is the width of the glyph in pixels. So because there
will be 0x09 bytes in the character table (three bytes for each glyph) and four bytes in the header section,
the first entry in the table will be 13, or 0x00 0x0D in hexadecimal, and 0x05 for the width.
To calculate the second entry in the character table, representing the position and width of the second
glyph, take the offset of the first entry and add the size of the first bitmap in bytes. Since the first glyph
occupies 0x05 bytes as seen in table 5.1.2 above, and the offset is 0x00 0x0D, the offset of the second entry
will be 0x00 0x12 and the width of the glyph is 0x03.
Calculate the third entry the same way as the second to get table 9 below.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
20
Table 9: Character Table
h
i
j
High Offset (MSB)
0x00
0x00
0x00
Low Offset (LSB)
0x0D
0x12
0x15
Character Width
0x05
0x03
0x04
Once completed, place the character table after the header and the character data at the end, as seen in
table 10.
Table 10: Sample Font File
0x05
0x12
0xC6
0x60
0x07
0x03
0x20
0x49
0x00
0x43
0x4B
0x15
0x24
0x00
0x04
0x84
0x0D
0x84
0x2D
0x05
0x2D
0x98
0x00
0x98
0x19
Red = Header
Blue = Character Table
Purple = Character Data
5.2 Uploading a Font File
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
refID
size
data
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x24 [refID] [size] [data]
254 36 [refID] [size] [data]
254 “$” [refID] [size] [data]
Length
1
2
x
GLK24064-25
Description
A unique font identification
number.
Font file size (LSB to MSB).
Font file data.
21
Description
In order to upload a font to the GLK24064-25 you must first initiate the
upload font file command (0xFE 0x24), you must then pass it a reference
identification number, which must be unique for every font on the display
module. You may then pass the display module the two byte file size,
which needs to be transfered LSB, then MSB. The last part of uploading
a font is transmitting the font file data.
For detailed instructions on uploading a file to the GLK24064-25 see
Section 11.1 on page 43.
Remembered
Always
5.3 Setting the Current Font
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
refID
0xFE 0x31 [refID]
254 49 [refID]
254 “1” [refID]
Length
1
Description
A unique font identification
number.
Description
In order to set the font on the GLK24064-25 you must know the font
identification number of the font that you wish to use. The font ID is
established when the font is saved to the display. The default installed
fonts are “Small Filled” and “Futura Bk BT 16” and their font ID’s are
0x01 and 0x02 respectfully. Once you are aware of the font ID for the
font that you wish you use, simply send the command bytes (0xFE 0x31)
and then send the font ID corresponding to the font you wish to use. A
directory listing of the contents of the entire filesystem may be obtained
by using the “Get Filesystem Directory” command, see Section 11.5 on
page 46 for more detailed information.
Remembered
Always
5.4 Font Metrics
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x32 [lm] [tm] [csp] [lsp] [srow]
254 50 [lm] [tm] [csp] [lsp] [srow]
254 “2” [lm] [tm] [csp] [lsp] [srow]
GLK24064-25
22
Parameters
Parameter
lm
tm
csp
Length
1
1
1
lsp
1
srow
1
Description
Left margin: Location in pixels.
Top margin: Location in pixels.
Character Spacing: Amount of
space in pixels between characters.
Line Spacing: Amount of space
between lines in pixels.
Scroll Row: The Y location of the
last row in pixels.
Description
Font metrics define where the characters are positioned on the
screen, by setting where the rows and columns begin based on the
[lm][tm][csp][lsp][srow] parameters. [lm] defines the leftmost position
and [tm] the topmost. [csp] controls the amount of pixels that are placed
in between characters and [lsp] controls the amount of pixels that are
placed in between lines. [srow] is the location of the top of the last row
that will be displayed on the GLK24064-25. It defines the row that, when
filled, will cause the display to auto scroll if auto scrolling is enabled.
The font metrics will have to be reconfigured after changing to a different font.
Remembered
Yes
5.5 Set Box Space Mode
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
value
0xFE 0xAC [value]
254 172 [value]
Length
1
Description
Value (0: Off, 1: On)
Description
This command will toggle the box space mode. Box space mode is when
a box, the size of the character to be written, is printed to the display
before a character is written.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
Off
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
23
6 Text
6.1 Introduction
The GLK24064-25 is an intelligent display module, designed to reduce the amount of code necessary
to begin displaying data. This means that it is able to display all characters and strings that are sent to it,
which are defined in the current font, without much, if any configuration. The display module will begin
displaying text at the top left corner of the display area, known as home, and continue to print to the display
as if it was a page on a typewriter. When the text reaches the bottom right, as defined in the font metrics, it
will automatically scroll all of the lines up and continue to display text.
6.2 Move Cursor Home
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x48
254 72
254 “H”
Description
This command moves the text insertion point to the top left of the display
area, based on the current font metrics see Section 5.4 on page 22.
Remembered
No
6.3 Setting the Cursor Position
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
col
row
Description
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x47 [col] [row]
254 71 [col] [row]
254 “G” [col] [row]
Length
1
1
Description
Column
Row
This command sets the text insertion point to the [col] and [row] specified. The insertion point is positioned using the base size of the current
font (this command does not position the insertion point at a specific
pixel). The pixel column used is determined by multiplying the width of
the widest character in the font by the [column]. The pixel row used is
determined by multiplying the height of the font by [row + Metrics: line
spacing].
GLK24064-25
24
Remembered
No
6.4 Setting the Cursor Coordinate
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
col
row
0xFE 0x79 [col] [row]
254 121 [col] [row]
254 “y” [col] [row]
Length
1
1
Description
Column
Row
Description
This command positions the insertion point at a specific pixel (X,Y),
which references the top left corner of the font insertion point.
Remembered
No
6.5 Auto Scroll On
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x51
254 81
254 “Q”
Description
When auto scrolling is on, it causes the display to shift the entire display’s
contents up to make room for a new line of text when the text reaches
the end of the scroll row defined in the font metrics (the bottom right
character position) see Section 5.4 on page 22.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
On
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
25
6.6 Auto Scroll Off
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Syntax
0xFE 0x52
254 82
254 “R”
Description
When auto scrolling is disabled, text will wrap to the top left corner of
the display area when the text reaches the end of the scroll row defined in
the font metrics (the bottom right character position) see Section 5.4 on
page 22. Existing text in the display area is not erased before new text is
placed. A series of spaces followed by a “Cursor Home” command may
be used to erase the top line of text.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
On
7 Bitmaps
7.1 Introduction
One of the main features of the GLK24064-25 is its ability to display bitmap images, that are either
loaded onto its on board memory, or written directly to the screen. This chapter will cover creating a bitmap,
uploading the bitmap, as well as drawing the bitmap from memory and directly.
7.2 Uploading a Bitmap File
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
refID
size
data
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x5E [refID] [size] [data]
254 94 [refID] [size] [data]
254 “^” [refID] [size] [data]
Length
1
2
x
GLK24064-25
Description
A unique bitmap identification
number.
Bitmap file size (LSB to MSB).
Bitmap data.
26
Description
The GLK24064-25 is capable of storing up to sixty-four font and bitmap
files combined. In order to upload a bitmap to the GLK24064-25 you
must first initiate the upload font file command (0xFE 0x5E), you must
then pass it a reference identification number, which must be unique for
every font on the display module. You may then pass the display module
the two byte file size, which needs to be transfered LSB, then MSB. The
last part of uploading a bitmap is transmitting the bitmap file data.
For detailed instructions on uploading a file to the GLK24064-25 see
Section 11.1 on page 43.
Remembered
Always
7.3 Drawing a Bitmap from Memory
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
refID
X
Y
0xFE 0x62 [refID] [X] [Y]
254 98 [refID] [X] [Y]
254 “b” [refID] [X] [Y]
Length
1
1
1
Description
The bitmap identification number.
Left bounds.
Top bounds.
Description
This command will draw a bitmap that is located in the on board memory.
The bitmap is referenced by the bitmaps reference identification number,
which is established when the bitmap is uploaded to the display module.
The bitmap will be drawn beginning at the top left, from the specified
X,Y coordinates. A directory listing of the contents of the entire filesystem may be obtained by using the “Get Filesystem Directory” command,
see Section 11.5 on page 46 for more detailed information.
Remembered
No
7.4 Drawing a Bitmap Directly
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x64 [X] [Y] [W] [H] [D]
254 100 [X] [Y] [W] [H] [D]
254 “d” [X] [Y] [W] [H] [D]
GLK24064-25
27
Parameter
X
Y
W
H
D
Parameters
Description
Length
1
1
1
1
1
Description
Left bounds.
Top bounds.
Width
Height
Data
Drawing a bitmap to the GLK24064-25, without first uploading the image to the memory can be a very useful feature for drawing images that
are not used very often. In order to accomplish this, you must supply the
display module with the X,Y coordinates, representing the top left corner
of where you would like to draw the bitmap on the screen, as well as the
width and the height of the bitmap. After you have supplied this data you
may then upload the bitmap data to the GLK24064-25. The bitmap data
is encoded into bytes horizontally and is transfered the same as if you
were uploading a file, see Section 11.1 on page 43 for more information
about transferring data to the display module.
NOTE Drawing a bitmap directly to the display supports flow control.
Remembered
No
8 Bar Graphs and Drawing
8.1 Introduction
Supplementary to the ability of the GLK24064-25 to display bitmaps and fonts, the GLK24064-25 also
allows for a robust 2D drawing environment. With the ability to draw by pixel, line or rectangle, as well as
the ability to continue a line to form a polygon, we are certain that you will spend less time, developing and
creating better looking projects. With the addition of custom bar and strip graphs, you are sure to find the
right tools to make any graphical layout a success.
8.2 Set Drawing Color
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x63 [color]
254 99 [color]
254 “c” [color]
GLK24064-25
28
Parameters
Parameter
color
Length
1
Description
Drawing color (0: White, 1-255:
Black).
Description
This command sets the drawing color for subsequent graphic commands
that do not have the drawing color passed as a parameter. The parameter
[color] is the value of the color where white is 0 and black is 1-255.
Remembered
No
8.3 Draw Pixel
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
x
y
0xFE 0x70 [x] [y]
254 112 [x] [y]
254 “p” [x] [y]
Length
1
1
Description
X screen location.
Y screen location.
Description
This command will draw a pixel at (x,y) using the current drawing color.
The unit processes these requests fast enough to keep up with a steady
stream at 115 Kbps so flow control is not required.
Remembered
No
8.4 Drawing a Line
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
x1
y1
x2
y2
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x6C [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 108 [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “l” [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
Length
1
1
1
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Left bounds.
Top Bounds.
Right Bounds.
Bottom Bounds.
29
Description
This command will draw a line from (x1,y1) to (x2,y2) using the current
drawing color. Lines may be drawn from any part of the display to any
other part. However, it may be important to note that the line may interpolate differently right to left, or left to right. This means that a line
drawn in white from right to left may not fully erase the same line drawn
in black from left to right.
Remembered
No
8.5 Continue a Line
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
x
y
0xFE 0x65 [x] [y]
254 101 [x] [y]
254 “e” [x] [y]
Length
1
1
Description
Left bounds.
Top Bounds.
Description
This command will draw a line with the current drawing color from the
last line end (x2,y2) to (x,y). This command uses the global drawing
color.
Remembered
No
8.6 Draw a Rectangle
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
color
x1
y1
x2
y2
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x72 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 114 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “r” [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
Length
1
1
1
1
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Drawing color (0: White, 1-255:
Black).
Left bounds.
Top Bounds.
Right Bounds.
Bottom Bounds.
30
Description
This command draws a rectangular box in the specified color (0: White,
1: Black). The top left corner is specified by (x1,y1) and the bottom right
corner by (x2,y2).
Remembered
No
8.7 Drawing a Solid Rectangle
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
color
0xFE 0x78 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 120 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “x” [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
Length
1
x1
y1
x2
y2
1
1
1
1
Description
Drawing color (0: White, 1-255:
Black).
Left bounds.
Top Bounds.
Right Bounds.
Bottom Bounds.
Description
This command draws a solid rectangle in the specified color (0: White,
1: Black). The top left corner is specified by (x1,y1) and the bottom right
corner by (x2,y2). Since this command involves considerable processing
overhead, we strongly recommend the use of flow control, particularly if
the command is to be repeated frequently.
Remembered
No
8.8 Initializing a Bar Graph
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x67 [refID] [type] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 103 [refID] [type] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “g” [refID] [type] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
GLK24064-25
31
Parameters
Description
Parameter
refID
type
x1
y1
x2
y2
Length
1
1
1
1
1
1
Description
Reference number
Type of bar graph.
Left bounds.
Top Bounds.
Right Bounds.
Bottom Bounds.
This command initializes a bar graph referred to by number [reference
number] of type [type] with size from (x1,y1) (top left) to (x2,y2)
(bottom right). A maximum of 16 bar graphs with reference numbers
from 0 to 15 can be initialized as:
[type]
0
1
2
3
Direction
Vertical
Horizontal
Vertical
Horizontal
Bar Start Point
Bottom
Left
Top
Right
The bar graphs may be located anywhere on the display, but if
they overlap, they will not display properly.
It is important that [x1] is less than [x2], and [y1] is less than [y2]. This
command doesn’t actually draw the graph, it must be filled in using the
Fill Bar Graph command. The unit saves time by only drawing that part
of the bar graph which has changed from the last write, so the representation on the screen may not survive a screen clear or other corrupting
action. A write of value zero, followed by new values will restore the
proper look of the bar graph.
Remembered
No
8.9 Drawing a Bar Graph
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
ref
value
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x69 [ref] [value]
254 105 [ref] [value]
254 “i” [ref] [value]
Length
1
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Initialized bar graph reference
number.
The number of pixels to fill.
32
Description
Once the bar graph has been initialized it can be filled in using this command. This command sets the bar graph specified by the [ref] number
to fill in [value]. [value] is given in pixels and should not exceed the
available height/width of the graph. (If it does the graph will simply be
written to its maximum size.)
Remembered
No
8.10 Initializing a Strip Chart
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
refID
x1
y1
x2
y2
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x6A [refID] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 106 [refID] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “j” [refID] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
Length
1
1
1
1
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Reference number
Left bounds.
Top Bounds.
Right Bounds.
Bottom Bounds.
33
Description
A strip chart is an area of the screen reserved for horizontal scrolling.
This is normally used as follows:
• Initialize the strip chart, which reserves the appropriate area of the
screen.
• Draw a line segment at the right or left side of the strip chart.
• Shift the strip chart to the right or left.
• Draw the next line segment.
• Used this way the strip chart can produce a graph which scrolls
smoothly horizontally in either direction. With text the strip chart
can produce a marquis effect.
NOTE If the strip chart is used with text we recommend the use of a 6 or 7 pixel wide
fixed width character set, with each character placed 8 pixels from the start of the previous
one.
Up to 7 strip charts ([ref] = 0 - 6) may be defined. To initialize a strip
chart the user must define an area on the display in which to place the
strip chart.(x1,y1) is the top left corner of the area to be used, where [x1]
is the placement of the column where the strip chart is to begin and [y1]
is the row. The user must then define [x2] as the bottom right column of
the area to be utilized and [y2] as the bottom right row.
The definition of x must lie on byte boundaries. That is, x must be defined
as 0x00, 0x08, 0x10, etc. This restriction does not apply to y values.
Remembered
No
8.11 Shifting a Strip Chart
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
ref
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x6B [ref]
254 107 [ref]
254 “k” [ref]
Length
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Reference number of a strip chart
that has already been created.
34
Description
This command shifts the strip chart left or right. [ref] determines both
which strip chart is used and which direction it will shift. The direction
is selected by the most significant bit (MSB):
• MSB: 0 shifts left
• MSB: 1 shifts right
For example if [ref] is 1:
• 254 107 1 (hex FE 6B 01) shifts left
• 254 107 129 (hex FE 6B 81) shifts right
This command shifts the contents of the area defined in the Initialize
Strip Chart command 8 pixels at a time.
Remembered
No
9 Keypad
9.1 Introduction
The GLK24064-25 supports up to a twenty-five key, matrix style, keypad and may be configured to
allow key presses to be automatically transmitted via RS-232 or polled through I2 C. The GLK24064-25 also
allows for auto-repeating key presses, and remapping of all keypad character codes.
9.2 Auto Transmit Key Presses On
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x41
254 65
254 “A”
Description
In this mode, all key presses are sent immediately to the host system
without the use of the poll keypad command. This is the default mode
on power up.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
On
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
35
9.3 Auto Transmit Key Presses Off
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x4F
254 79
254 “O”
Description
In this mode, up to 10 key presses are buffered until the unit is polled
by the host system, via the poll keypad command 254 38. Issuing this
command places the unit in polled mode.
Remembered
Yes
9.4 Poll Key Press
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x26
254 38
254 “&”
Description
This command returns any buffered key presses via the RS-232 interface. The host system must be set up to receive key codes. When the
display receives this command, it will immediately return any buffered
key presses which may have not been read already. If there is more than
one key press buffered, then the high order bit (MSB) of the returned key
code will be set (1). If this is the only buffered key press, then the MSB
will be cleared (0). If there are no buffered key presses, then the returned
code will be 0x00. Please note that to make use of this command, the
“Auto Transmit Key Presses” mode should be off.
Remembered
No
9.5 Clear Key Buffer
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x45
254 69
254 “E”
GLK24064-25
36
Description
This command clears any unread key presses. In a menu application, if
the user presses a key which changes the menu context, any following
key presses may be inaccurate and can be cleared out of the buffer between menu changes to prevent jumping around the menu tree. It may
also be used, in effect, to reset the keypad in case the host application
resets for whatever reason.
Remembered
No
9.6 Set Debounce Time
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
time
0xFE 0x55 [time]
254 85 [time]
254 “U” [time]
Length
1
Description
Debounce time in increments of
6.554ms (0 - 255).
Description
This command sets the time between key press and key read. All key
types with the exception of latched piezo switches will ’bounce’ for a
varying time, depending on their physical characteristics. The [time]
value is in increments of 6.554ms. The default debounce time for the
module is 8 (about 52ms), which is adequate for most membrane keypads.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
8
9.7 Set Auto Repeat Mode
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x7E [mode]
254 126 [mode]
254 “~” [mode]
GLK24064-25
37
Parameters
Description
Parameter
mode
Length
1
Description
Auto Repeat Mode (0: Resend Key
, 1: Key Up/Down)
Two auto repeat modes are available and are set via the same command:
• Resend Key Mode: 0x00
• Key Up/Down Mode: 0x01
Resend Key Mode This mode is similar to the action of a keyboard on
a PC. In this mode, when a key is held down, the key code is
transmitted immediately followed by a 1/2 second delay. After
this delay, key codes will be sent via the RS-232 interface at a rate
of about 5 codes per second. This mode has no effect if polling or
if using the I2 C interface.
Key Up/Down Mode This mode may be used when the typematic parameters of the “Resend Key Code” mode are unacceptable or if
the unit is being operated in polled mode. The host system detects
the press of a key and simulates an auto repeat inside the host system until the key release is detected. In this mode, when a key is
held down, the key code is transmitted immediately and no other
codes will be sent until the key is released. On the release of the
key, the key release code transmitted will be a value equal to the
key down code plus 20 hex.
Remembered
Yes
Examples
When the key code associated with key ’P’ (0x50) is pressed, the release
code is ’p’ (0x70). In RS-232 polled mode or via the I2 C, the “Key
Down / Key Up” codes are used; however, the user should be careful of
timing details. If the poll rate is slower than the simulated auto-repeat it
is possible that polling for a key up code will be delayed long enough
for an unwanted key repeat to be generated.
9.8 Auto Repeat Mode Off
Syntax
Description
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x60
254 96
254 “‘”
This command turns auto repeat mode off. See Set Auto Repeat Mode.
GLK24064-25
38
Remembered
No
9.9 Assign Keypad Codes
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
KDown
KUp
Description
Length
25
25
Description
Key down codes
Key up codes
This command will allow you to reassign the key codes that correspond
to the key presses on the matrix style key pad. The first twenty-five bytes
that are transmitted will be used for the key down codes and the next
twenty-five bytes that are transmitted will be used for the key up codes.
The default values of the key down codes are ’A-Y’ in order, and for the
key up codes the values are ’a-y’ in order.
1
2
3
4
5
Remembered
0xFE 0xD5 [KDown] [KUp]
254 213 [KDown] [KUp]
1
A
F
K
P
U
Key Down
2
3
B C
G H
L M
Q R
V W
4
D
I
N
S
X
5
E
J
O
T
Y
1
2
3
4
5
1
a
f
k
p
u
Key Up
2 3
b c
g h
l m
q r
v w
4
d
i
n
s
x
5
e
j
o
t
y
Always
10 Display Functions
10.1 Introduction
The GLK24064-25 employs software controlled display settings, which allow for control over, clearing
the screen, changing the brightness and contrast or setting timers for turning it on or off. The combination
of these allow you complete software control over your display’s appearance.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
39
10.2 Clear Screen
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Syntax
0xFE 0x58
254 88
254 “X”
Description
This command clears the display and resets the text insertion position to
the top left position of the screen defined in the font metrics.
Remembered
No
10.3 Backlight On
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
min
0xFE 0x42 [min]
254 66 [min]
254 “B” [min]
Length
1
Description
Minutes before turning the
backlight on (0 to 90).
Description
This command turns the backlight on after the [minutes] timer has expired , with a ninety minute maximum timer. A time of 0 specifies that
the display should turn on immediately and stay on. When this command
is sent while the remember function is on, the timer will reset and begin
after power up.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
0
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
40
10.4 Backlight Off
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x46
254 70
254 “F”
Description
This command turns the backlight off immediately. The backlight will
remain off until a ’Backlight On’ command has been received.
Remembered
Yes
10.5 Set Backlight Brightness
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
brightness
0xFE 0x99 [brightness]
254 153 [brightness]
Length
1
Description
Backlight setting (0 to 255).
Description
This command sets the backlight settings according to [backlight]. If the
remember function is on, this command acts the same as ’Set and Save
Backlight Brightness’.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
255
10.6 Set and Save Backlight Brightness
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
brightness
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x98 [brightness]
254 152 [brightness]
Length
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Backlight setting (0 to 255).
41
Description
This command sets and saves the backlight [brightness] as default.
Remembered
Always
10.7 Set Contrast
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Parameters
Parameter
contrast
0xFE 0x50 [contrast]
254 80 [contrast]
254 “P” [contrast]
Length
1
Description
Contrast value (0 to 255).
Description
This command sets the display’s contrast to [contrast], where [contrast] is
a value between 0x00 and 0xFF (between 0 to 255). Lower values cause
‘on’ elements in the display area to appear lighter, while higher values
cause ‘on’ elements to appear darker. Lighting and temperature conditions will affect the actual value used for optimal viewing. Individual
display modules will also differ slightly from each other in appearance.
In addition, values for optimal viewing while the display backlight is on
may differ from values used when backlight is off.
This command does not save the [contrast] value, and is lost after power
down; but this command has the option of remembering the settings
when issued with the Remember function ‘on’ . When this is the case,
this command is the same as the Set and Save Contrast command.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
128
10.8 Set and Save Contrast
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
contrast
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x91 [contrast]
254 145 [contrast]
Length
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Contrast value (0 to 255).
42
Description
This command sets the display’s contrast to [contrast], where [contrast] is
a value between 0x00 and 0xFF (between 0 to 255). Lower values cause
‘on’ elements in the display area to appear lighter, while higher values
cause ‘on’ elements to appear darker. Lighting conditions will affect the
actual value used for optimal viewing. Individual display modules will
also differ slightly from each other in appearance. In addition, values for
optimal viewing while the display backlight is on may differ from values
used when backlight is off.
NOTE This command saves the [contrast] value so that it is not lost after power down.
Remembered
Yes
Factory Default
128
11 Filesystem
11.1 Introduction
11.1.1 File Upload Protocol
In order to allow fonts and bitmaps to be uploaded to the on board flash memory Matrix Orbital has
developed a simple protocol that supports RS-232/TTL or I2 C communications. In order to upload a font
file you must first provide a reference identification number (ref ID), then the file size and finally the data.
The reference identification number will allow you to identify the font for future use. After transmitting
the refID, please wait for the display module to send an immediate confirmation that the reference ID has
not been used yet. The display module will do this in the form of echoing the byte back to you. Once you
receive the echo, you must then confirm it by sending a 0x01 byte.
The next part of uploading a font file is to provide the display module with a two byte file size of the
font file you are attempting to upload; the font size must be formated LSB to MSB. After the first byte is
transmitted you will receive an echo of the byte and you must confirm the echo with a confirmation byte
(0x01). However, after the display module receives the second byte it will echo the byte and then send a
0x01 confirmation byte if the file fits, if the file does not fit the module will notify you by sending 0x08 and
then it will terminate the upload session. If the font file does fit you must confirm the echo with a 0x01 byte.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
43
The last part of uploading a font file is to upload the file data. After transmitting each byte of the file the
module will echo the byte and wait for a confirmation byte of 0x01 until the file has completed uploading.
Below is an example of uploading the font file which we created in Section 5.1.2 on page 19.
Host:
Transmit(0xFE); //Command Prefix
Transmit(0x24); //Font file upload command
Transmit(0x03); //Request file ID for font file
Module:
Echo(0x03);
Host:
Receive();
//Receive the echo
Confirm(0x01); //Confirm File ID
Transmit(0x19); //Transmit the file size LSB
Module:
Echo(0x19);
//Echo the LSB
File Size = 0x19
Host:
Receive();
//Receive LSB echo
Confirm(0x01); //Confirm the LSB
Transmit(0x00); //Transmit MSB
Module:
Echo(0x00);
//Echo MSB
FileFits(0x01); //Send confirmation that the file fits
Host:
Receive();
//Receive confirmation
Transmit(0x05); //Begin transmit of file data
Module:
Echo(0x05);
Host:
Receive();
//Receive echo
Confirm(0x01); //Confirm echo
Transmit(0x07); //Transmit second byte of file data
//Accept request for file ID, by echoing the request
//Echo first byte from file
etc...
NOTES
• The GLK24064-25 has watch dog timer, set to 2.1 seconds in between transmissions,
in order prevent the display module from staying in a waiting state.
• Once the timeout has been reached the timer will reset the display and issue a 0xFE
0xD4 response to the host to signal that this has happened.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
44
11.2 Wipe Filesystem
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x21 0x59 0x21
254 33 89 33
254 “!” “Y” “!”
Description
This command completely erases the display’s non-volatile memory. It
removes all fonts, font metrics, bitmaps, and settings (current font, cursor
position, communication speed, etc.). It is an “odd” command in that it
is three bytes in length in order to prevent accidental execution.
Remembered
Yes
11.3 Deleting a File
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
type
refID
Description
0xFE 0xAD [type] [refID]
254 173 [type] [refID]
Length
1
1
Description
Type of file (0:Font, 1:Bitmap)
Reference ID of the file to delete.
This command erases a single file at a time within the GLK24064-25
memory when given two parameters: [type] and [ref]. The file type and
reference number are defined when the file is saved to the GLK24064-25.
• [type] = 1: Bitmap
• [type] = 0: Font
Remembered
Yes
11.4 Get Filesystem Space
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xAF
254 175
GLK24064-25
45
Description
This command will return 4 bytes, LSB to MSB for how many bytes are
remaining in the 16 KB on board memory.
Remembered
No
11.5 Get Filesystem Contents
Syntax
Description
Hexadecimal
Decimal
This command will return the contents of the file system directory.
The first byte returned will be a hex value representing the number of
entries in the filesystem, followed by four bytes for each entry. See the
following tables:
Bytes
1
Bytes
1
1
1
1
Remembered
0xFE 0xB3
254 179
Filesystem Header
Description
Hex value representing the number
of entries in the filesystem
File Entry
Description
Flag: Hex value of 0x00 indicates
that this file entry has not been used.
FileID/Type: 1st bit is the file type
(0: Font, 1: Bitmap). Next 7 bits are
the file ID.
File Size: LSB
File Size: MSB
No
11.6 Downloading a File
Syntax
Matrix Orbital
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xB2 [Type] [refID]
254 178 [Type] [refID]
GLK24064-25
46
Parameters
Parameter
Type
refID
Length
1
1
Description
File type (0:Font File, 1:Bitmap)
Reference ID number
Description
Download a specified file from the filesystem. The first 4 bytes will be
the length of the file (LSB to MSB) followed by the data contained in the
file.
Remembered
No
11.7 Moving a File
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
oldT
oldID
newT
newID
0xFE 0xB4 [oldT] [oldID] [newT] [newID]
254 180 [oldT] [oldID] [newT] [newID]
Length
1
1
1
1
Description
Old file type
Old file ID
New file type
New file ID
Description
This command can be used to move a file to a new file ID, or correct the
type of a file that was uploaded incorrectly. The command first checks to
see if there is a file identified by [oldT] and [oldID]. If it does exist, and
there is no file already with the desired type and ID, the ID and type of
the old file will be changed to [newT] and [newID] respectively.
Remembered
Always
12 Data Security
12.1 Introduction
Ensuring that your GLK24064-25 display’s exactly what you want it to can be the difference between a
projects success and failure. This is why we incorporate features such as Data Lock into the GLK24064-25.
With this new feature you now are in control over of how and when settings will be changed so there is no
need to worry about the module acting exactly like you expected it to because all the settings may be locked
and remembered for the next power up.
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
47
12.2 Set Remember
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
switch
Description
0xFE 0x93 [switch]
254 147 [switch]
Length
1
Description
0: Do not remember, 1: Remember
This command allows you to switch the remember function on and off.
To use the remember function, set remember to on, then set all of the
settings that you wish to save, settings that are listed as ’Remember:
Yes’ support being saved into the non-volatile memory. After you have
set all of the commands that you wish to save, you may then cycle the
power and check the display settings to ensure that all the settings have
been saved. If you wish to use remember again after cycling the power,
you must set it to on again.
NOTES
• Writing to non-volatile memory is time consuming and slows down the operation of
the display.
• Non-volatile memory has a ‘write limit’ and may only be changed approximately
100,000 times.
Remembered
No
Factory Default
Do not remember
12.3 Data Lock
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
level
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0xCA [level]
254 202 [level]
Length
1
GLK24064-25
Description
Sets the data lock level
48
Description
Data lock, originally known as paranoia, allows you to lock the module
from displaying information, as well as enables the protection of the
filesystem and module settings. Each bit corresponds corresponds to a
different lock level, while sending a zero will unlock your display as the
following tables explains:
Bit
0
Binary
0
Data Lock Level
Unlock
1-4
5
1-1111
10000
Reserved
Setting Lock
6
100000
Filesystem Lock
7
1000000
Command Lock
8
10000000
Description
Sending a zero will cause
the display to unlock.
Locks the display settings
such as backlight, contrast
and GPO settings.
When locked no bitmap or
font files may be added,
deleted or modified.
Locks all commands but
the the data lock command.
NOTES
• Sending a new data lock level will override the previous data lock level.
• Data lock levels may be combined.
Remembered
Always
Factory Default
0
Examples
Hex
0x00
0xF0
0x50
Matrix Orbital
Dec
0
240
80
Binary
0
11110000
01010000
Description
Unlock
Setting, Filesystem, Command and Display Lock
Setting and Command Lock
GLK24064-25
49
12.4 Set and Save Data Lock
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
Parameters
Parameter
level
0xFE 0xCB [level]
254 203 [level]
Length
1
Description
Sets the data lock level
Description
This command will set and save the data lock level. See the Data Lock
section for more information.
Remembered
Always
Factory Default
0
13 Miscellaneous
13.1 Introduction
This chapter covers the ’Report Version Number’ and ’Read Module Type’ commands. These commands
can be particularly useful to find out more information about the display module before contacting technical
support.
13.2 Read Version Number
Syntax
Description
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x36
254 54
254 “6”
This command will return a byte representing the version of the module,
see the following table as an example:
Hex Value
0x10
0x20
0x42
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
Version Number
Version 1.0
Version 2.0
Version 4.2
50
Remembered
No
13.3 Read Module Type
Syntax
Description
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
This command will return a hex value corresponding to the the model
number of the module see the following table:
Hex
1
2
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
10
13
15
22
24
31
32
33
34
35
Matrix Orbital
0xFE 0x37
254 55
254 “7”
Product ID
LCD0821
LCD2021
LCD2041
LCD4021
LCD4041
LK202-25
LK204-25
LK404-55
VFD2021
VFD2041
VFD4021
VK202-25
VK204-25
GLC12232
GLC24064
GLK24064-25
GLK12232-25-WBL
GLK12232-25-SM
LK404-AT
MOS-AV-162A
LK402-12
LK162-12
LK204-25PC
GLK24064-25
Hex
36
37
38
39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
Product ID
LK202-24-USB
VK202-24-USB
LK204-24-USB
VK204-24-USB
PK162-12
VK162-12
MOS-AP-162A
PK202-25
MOS-AL-162A
MOS-AV-202A
MOS-AP-202A
PK202-24-USB
MOS-AL-082
MOS-AL-204
MOS-AV-204
MOS-AL-402
MOS-AV-402
LK082-12
VK402-12
VK404-55
LK402-25
VK402-25
51
Remembered
No
14 Command Summary
14.1 Communications
Description
Turn Flow Control On
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x3A [full] [empty]
254 58 [full] [empty]
254 “:” [full] [empty]
Turn Flow Control Off
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x3B
254 59
254 “;”
16
Changing the I2 C Slave
Address
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x33 [adr]
254 51 [adr]
254 “3” [adr]
17
Changing the Baud Rate
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x39 [speed]
254 57 [speed]
254 “9” [speed]
17
Setting a Non-Standard
Baud Rate
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xA4 [speed]
254 164 [speed]
18
Description
Uploading a Font File
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x24 [refID] [size] [data]
254 36 [refID] [size] [data]
254 “$” [refID] [size] [data]
Setting the Current Font
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x31 [refID]
254 49 [refID]
254 “1” [refID]
Page
16
14.2 Fonts
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
Page
21
22
52
Description
Font Metrics
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x32 [lm] [tm] [csp] [lsp] [srow]
254 50 [lm] [tm] [csp] [lsp] [srow]
254 “2” [lm] [tm] [csp] [lsp] [srow]
Set Box Space Mode
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xAC [value]
254 172 [value]
Description
Move Cursor Home
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x48
254 72
254 “H”
Setting the Cursor
Position
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x47 [col] [row]
254 71 [col] [row]
254 “G” [col] [row]
24
Setting the Cursor
Coordinate
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x79 [col] [row]
254 121 [col] [row]
254 “y” [col] [row]
25
Auto Scroll On
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x51
254 81
254 “Q”
25
Auto Scroll Off
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x52
254 82
254 “R”
26
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x5E [refID] [size] [data]
254 94 [refID] [size] [data]
254 “^” [refID] [size] [data]
Page
22
23
14.3 Text
Page
24
14.4 Bitmaps
Description
Uploading a Bitmap File
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
Page
26
53
Description
Drawing a Bitmap from
Memory
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x62 [refID] [X] [Y]
254 98 [refID] [X] [Y]
254 “b” [refID] [X] [Y]
Drawing a Bitmap
Directly
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x64 [X] [Y] [W] [H] [D]
254 100 [X] [Y] [W] [H] [D]
254 “d” [X] [Y] [W] [H] [D]
Page
27
27
14.5 Bar Graphs and Drawing
Description
Set Drawing Color
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x63 [color]
254 99 [color]
254 “c” [color]
Draw Pixel
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x70 [x] [y]
254 112 [x] [y]
254 “p” [x] [y]
29
Drawing a Line
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x6C [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 108 [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “l” [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
29
Continue a Line
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x65 [x] [y]
254 101 [x] [y]
254 “e” [x] [y]
30
Draw a Rectangle
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x72 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 114 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “r” [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
30
Drawing a Solid
Rectangle
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x78 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 120 [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “x” [color] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
31
Initializing a Bar Graph
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x67 [refID] [type] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2] 31
254 103 [refID] [type] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “g” [refID] [type] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
Drawing a Bar Graph
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x69 [ref] [value]
254 105 [ref] [value]
254 “i” [ref] [value]
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
Page
28
32
54
Description
Initializing a Strip Chart
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x6A [refID] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 106 [refID] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
254 “j” [refID] [x1] [y1] [x2] [y2]
Shifting a Strip Chart
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x6B [ref]
254 107 [ref]
254 “k” [ref]
Description
Auto Transmit Key
Presses On
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x41
254 65
254 “A”
Auto Transmit Key
Presses Off
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x4F
254 79
254 “O”
36
Poll Key Press
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x26
254 38
254 “&”
36
Clear Key Buffer
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x45
254 69
254 “E”
36
Set Debounce Time
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x55 [time]
254 85 [time]
254 “U” [time]
37
Set Auto Repeat Mode
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x7E [mode]
254 126 [mode]
254 “~” [mode]
37
Auto Repeat Mode Off
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x60
254 96
254 “‘”
38
Assign Keypad Codes
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xD5 [KDown] [KUp]
254 213 [KDown] [KUp]
39
Page
33
34
14.6 Keypad
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
Page
35
55
14.7 Display Functions
Description
Clear Screen
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x58
254 88
254 “X”
Backlight On
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x42 [min]
254 66 [min]
254 “B” [min]
40
Backlight Off
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x46
254 70
254 “F”
41
Set Backlight Brightness
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0x99 [brightness]
254 153 [brightness]
41
Set and Save Backlight
Brightness
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0x98 [brightness]
254 152 [brightness]
41
Set Contrast
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x50 [contrast]
254 80 [contrast]
254 “P” [contrast]
42
Set and Save Contrast
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0x91 [contrast]
254 145 [contrast]
42
Description
Wipe Filesystem
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x21 0x59 0x21
254 33 89 33
254 “!” “Y” “!”
Deleting a File
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xAD [type] [refID]
254 173 [type] [refID]
45
Get Filesystem Space
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xAF
254 175
45
Page
40
14.8 Filesystem
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
Page
45
56
Description
Get Filesystem Contents
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xB3
254 179
Downloading a File
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xB2 [Type] [refID]
254 178 [Type] [refID]
Moving a File
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xB4 [oldT] [oldID] [newT] [newID] 47
254 180 [oldT] [oldID] [newT] [newID]
Description
Set Remember
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0x93 [switch]
254 147 [switch]
Data Lock
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xCA [level]
254 202 [level]
48
Set and Save Data Lock
Hexadecimal
Decimal
0xFE 0xCB [level]
254 203 [level]
50
Description
Read Version Number
Syntax
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x36
254 54
254 “6”
Read Module Type
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
0xFE 0x37
254 55
254 “7”
Page
46
46
14.9 Data Security
Page
48
14.10 Miscellaneous
Page
50
51
14.11 Command By Number
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
57
Command
Hex
Dec
Command
Hex
0x21
0x24
0x26
0x31
0x32
0x33
0x36
0x37
0x39
0x3A
0x3B
0x41
0x42
0x45
0x46
0x47
0x48
0x4F
0x50
0x51
0x52
0x55
0x58
0x5E
0x60
0x62
0x63
0x64
0x65
0x67
0x69
0x6A
0x6B
0x6C
0x70
0x72
0x78
0x79
0x7E
0x91
0x93
Matrix Orbital
Dec
33
36
38
49
50
51
54
55
57
58
59
65
66
69
70
71
72
79
80
81
82
85
88
94
96
98
99
100
101
103
105
106
107
108
112
114
120
121
126
145
147
Description
Page
Description
Page
ASCII
ASCII
“!”
“$”
“&”
“1”
“2”
“3”
“6”
“7”
“9”
“:”
“;”
“A”
“B”
“E”
“F”
“G”
“H”
“O”
“P”
“Q”
“R”
“U”
“X”
“^”
“‘”
“b”
“c”
“d”
“e”
“g”
“i”
“j”
“k”
“l”
“p”
“r”
“x”
“y”
“~”
Wipe Filesystem
Uploading a Font File
Poll Key Press
Setting the Current Font
Font Metrics
Changing the I2 C Slave Address
Read Version Number
Read Module Type
Changing the Baud Rate
Turn Flow Control On
Turn Flow Control Off
Auto Transmit Keypresses On
Backlight On
Clear Key Buffer
Backlight Off
Setting the Cursor Position
Move Cursor Home
Auto Transmit Keypresses Off
Set Contrast
Auto Scroll On
Auto Scroll Off
Set Debounce Time
Clear Screen
Uploading a Bitmap File
Auto Repeat Mode Off
Drawing a Bitmap from Memory
Set Drawing Color
Drawing a Bitmap Directly
Continue a Line
Initializing a Bar Graph
Drawing a Bar Graph
Initializing a Strip Chart
Shifting a Strip Chart
Drawing a Line
Draw Pixel
Draw a Rectangle
Drawing a Solid Rectangle
Setting the Cursor Coordinate
Set Auto Repeat Mode
Set and Save Contrast
Set Remember
GLK24064-25
45
21
36
22
22
17
50
51
17
16
16
35
40
36
41
24
24
36
42
25
26
37
40
26
38
27
28
27
30
31
32
33
34
29
29
30
31
25
37
42
48
58
Command
Hex
0x98
0x99
0xA4
0xAC
0xAD
0xAF
0xB2
0xB3
0xB4
0xCA
Description
Dec
152
153
164
172
173
175
178
179
180
202
Page
ASCII
Set and Save Backlight Brightness
Set Backlight Brightness
Setting a Non-Standard Baud Rate
Set Box Space Mode
Deleting a File
Get Filesystem Space
Downloading a File
Get Filesystem Contents
Moving a File
Data Lock
41
41
18
23
45
45
46
46
47
48
15 Appendix
15.1 Specifications
15.1.1 Environmental
Table 70: Environmental Specifications
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Operating Relative Humidity
Vibration (Operating)
Vibration (Non-Operating)
Shock (Operating)
Shock (Non-Operating)
Matrix Orbital
Standard Temperature Extended Temperature
0◦ C to +50◦ C
-20◦ C to +70◦ C
◦
◦
-20 C to +70 C
-30◦ C to +80◦ C
90% max non-condensing
4.9 m/s2 XYZ directions
19.6 m/s2 XYZ directions
29.4 m/s2 XYZ directions
490 m/s2 XYZ directions
GLK24064-25
59
15.1.2 Electrical
Table 71: Electrical Specifications
Standard
Supply Voltage
Backlight On
Backlight Off Supply
Power Conservation
Wide Voltage (V)
Wide Voltage with Efficient
Switching Power Supply
(VPT)
+9V to +15V
+9V to +35V
110 mA typical
40 mA
35 mA
+5Vdc ±0.25V
15.2 Optical Characteristics
Table 72: Optical Characteristics
Pixel Layout
Number of Characters
Display Area
Dot Size
Dot Pitch
LED Backlight Life
Backlight
Matrix Orbital
240 x 64 pixels XxY
320 (maximum 40 characters x 8
Lines with 5x7 font)
127.16 x 33.88mm XxY
0.49 x 0.49mm (XxY)
0.53 x 0.53mm (XxY)
100, 000 hours typical
Yellow/Green LED
Blue LED
White LED
GLK24064-25
60
15.3 Physical Layout
Figure 22: Physical Diagram
15.4 Definitions
E Extended Temperature (-20C to 70C)
VPT Wide Voltage with Efficient Switching Power Supply (+9 to +35Vdc)
V Wide Voltage (+9 to +15Vdc)
GW Grey Text / White Background
WB White Text / Blue Background
MSB Most Significant Byte
LSB Least Significant Byte
15.5 Contacting Matrix Orbital
Telephone
Sales and Support: 1(403)229-2737
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
61
On The Web
Sales: http://www.MatrixOrbital.com
Support: http://www.MatrixOrbital.ca
Forums: http://www.lcdforums.com
Matrix Orbital
GLK24064-25
62
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