National Instruments | Module SCXI-1503 | User's Manual | National Instruments Module SCXI-1503 User's Manual

National Instruments Module SCXI-1503 User's Manual
SCXI
TM
SCXI-1503 User Manual
March 2007
374271A-01
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The SCXI-1503 is warranted against defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one year from the date of shipment, as evidenced
by receipts or other documentation. National Instruments will, at its option, repair or replace equipment that proves to be defective during the
warranty period. This warranty includes parts and labor.
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in materials and workmanship, for a period of 90 days from date of shipment, as evidenced by receipts or other documentation. National
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A Return Material Authorization (RMA) number must be obtained from the factory and clearly marked on the outside of the package before
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Conventions
The following conventions are used in this manual:
<>
Angle brackets that contain numbers separated by an ellipsis represent a
range of values associated with a bit or signal name—for example,
P0.<3..0>.
»
The » symbol leads you through nested menu items and dialog box options
to a final action. The sequence File»Page Setup»Options directs you to
pull down the File menu, select the Page Setup item, and select Options
from the last dialog box.
This icon denotes a note, which alerts you to important information.
This icon denotes a caution, which advises you of precautions to take to
avoid injury, data loss, or a system crash. When this symbol is marked on
the product, refer to the Read Me First: Safety and Radio-Frequency
Interference document, shipped with the product, for precautions to take.
When symbol is marked on a product it denotes a warning advising you to
take precautions to avoid electrical shock.
When symbol is marked on a product it denotes a component that may be
hot. Touching this component may result in bodily injury.
bold
Bold text denotes items that you must select or click in the software, such
as menu items and dialog box options. Bold text also denotes parameter
names.
italic
Italic text denotes variables, emphasis, a cross-reference, hardware labels,
or an introduction to a key concept. Italic text also denotes text that is a
placeholder for a word or value that you must supply.
monospace
Text in this font denotes text or characters that you should enter from the
keyboard, sections of code, programming examples, and syntax examples.
This font is also used for the proper names of disk drives, paths, directories,
programs, subprograms, subroutines, device names, functions, operations,
variables, filenames, and extensions.
Contents
Chapter 1
About the SCXI-1503
What You Need to Get Started ......................................................................................1-1
National Instruments Documentation ............................................................................1-2
Installing Application Software, NI-DAQ, and the E/M Series DAQ Device ..............1-4
Installing the SCXI-1503 Module into the SCXI Chassis...............................1-4
Installing the Terminal Block..........................................................................1-4
Configuring the SCXI System Software .........................................................1-4
Verifying the SCXI-1503 Installation............................................................................1-5
Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Analog Input Signal Connections ..................................................................................2-1
Ground-Referencing the Signals .....................................................................2-2
Connecting Resistive Devices to the SCXI-1503 ..........................................................2-2
4-Wire Configuration ......................................................................................2-3
2-Wire Configuration ......................................................................................2-4
3-Wire Resistive Sensor Configuration...........................................................2-5
Lead-Resistance Compensation Using a 3-Wire Resistive Sensor
and Two Matched Current Sources ..............................................................2-6
Front Connector .............................................................................................................2-7
Rear Signal Connector ...................................................................................................2-10
Rear Signal Connector Descriptions ...............................................................2-11
Chapter 3
Configuring and Testing
SCXI-1503 Software-Configurable Settings .................................................................3-1
Common Software-Configurable Settings ......................................................3-1
Gain/Input Range ..............................................................................3-1
Input Coupling ..................................................................................3-2
CJC Source/Value .............................................................................3-2
Auto-Zero..........................................................................................3-2
Configurable Settings in MAX ......................................................................................3-2
NI-DAQmx......................................................................................................3-3
Creating a Global Channel or Task...................................................3-3
Verifying the Signal.......................................................................................................3-4
Verifying the Signal in NI-DAQmx Using a Task or Global Channel ...........3-4
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Contents
Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
Rear Signal Connector, SCXIbus Connector, and SCXIbus Interface.......................... 4-3
Digital Control Circuitry ............................................................................................... 4-3
Analog Circuitry............................................................................................................ 4-3
Analog Input Channels.................................................................................... 4-3
Operation of the Current Sources .................................................................................. 4-4
Theory of Multiplexed Operation.................................................................................. 4-4
Measuring Temperature with Resistive Transducers .................................................... 4-5
RTDs ............................................................................................................... 4-5
RTD Measurement Errors ................................................................ 4-6
The Relationship Between Resistance and Temperature in RTDs... 4-6
Thermistors ..................................................................................................... 4-10
Thermistor Measurement Circuits .................................................... 4-11
Resistance/Temperature Characteristic of Thermistors.................... 4-12
Chapter 5
Using the SCXI-1503
Developing Your Application in NI-DAQmx............................................................... 5-1
Typical Program Flowchart ............................................................................ 5-1
General Discussion of Typical Flowchart....................................................... 5-3
Creating a Task Using DAQ Assistant or Programmatically ........... 5-3
Adjusting Timing and Triggering..................................................... 5-3
Configuring Channel Properties ....................................................... 5-4
Acquiring, Analyzing, and Presenting.............................................. 5-7
Completing the Application.............................................................. 5-8
Developing an Application Using LabVIEW ................................................. 5-8
Using a NI-DAQmx Channel Property Node in LabVIEW ............. 5-10
Specifying Channel Strings in NI-DAQmx .................................................... 5-11
Text Based ADEs ............................................................................. 5-11
Programmable NI-DAQmx Properties ............................................. 5-13
Calibration ..................................................................................................................... 5-13
Internal/Self-Calibration ................................................................................. 5-13
External Calibration ........................................................................................ 5-13
SCXI-1503 User Manual
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Contents
Appendix A
Specifications
Appendix B
Removing the SCXI-1503
Appendix C
Common Questions
Glossary
Index
Figures
Figure 2-1.
Figure 2-2.
Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-4.
4-Wire Resistive Sensor Connected in a 4-Wire Configuration ...........2-3
2-Wire Resistive Sensor Connected in a 2-Wire Configuration ...........2-4
3-Wire Resistive Sensor Configuration.................................................2-5
3-Wire Configuration Using Matched Current Sources........................2-6
Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-2.
Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-5.
Block Diagram of SCXI-1503...............................................................4-2
2-Wire RTD Measurement ....................................................................4-6
Resistance-Temperature Curve for a 100 Ω Platinum RTD,
α = 0.00385 ...........................................................................................4-7
Resistance-Temperature Curve for a 2,252 Ω Thermistor ....................4-11
Thermistor Measurement with Constant Current Excitation ................4-11
Figure 5-1.
Typical Program Flowchart for Voltage Measurement Channels.........5-2
Figure A-1.
SCXI-1503 Dimensions ........................................................................A-5
Figure B-1.
Removing the SCXI-1503 .....................................................................B-2
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Contents
Tables
Table 1-1.
Supported SCXI-1503 Terminal Blocks ............................................... 1-4
Table 2-1.
Table 2-2.
Table 2-3.
Table 2-4.
Front Signal Pin Assignments .............................................................. 2-8
Signal Descriptions ............................................................................... 2-9
Rear Signal Pin Assignments................................................................ 2-10
SCXI-1503 50-Pin Rear Connector Signals ........................................ 2-11
Table 4-1.
Platinum RTD Types ............................................................................ 4-8
Table 5-1.
Table 5-2.
Table 5-3.
Table 5-4.
Table 5-5.
NI-DAQmx Voltage Measurement Properties ..................................... 5-4
NI-DAQmx RTD Measurement Properties ......................................... 5-5
NI-DAQmx Thermistor Measurement Properties ............................... 5-6
NI-DAQmx Thermocouple Measurement Properties .......................... 5-7
Programming a Task in LabVIEW ...................................................... 5-8
Table A-1.
RTD Measurement Accuracy ............................................................... A-2
SCXI-1503 User Manual
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1
About the SCXI-1503
This manual describes the electrical and mechanical aspects of the
SCXI-1503 module and contains information concerning its installation
and operation. The SCXI-1503 module provides 16 differential input
channels and 16 channels of 100 μA current excitation and one cold
junction sensor channel. The SCXI-1503 is ideally suited for measuring
resistive transducers, such as RTDs or thermistors.
Each channel has an amplifier with a selectable gain of 1 or 100 and a
lowpass filter with a 5 Hz cutoff frequency to reject 50/60 Hz noise.
The SCXI-1503 can programmatically connect each input to ground, which
greatly improves its accuracy by enabling a self-calibration of each input to
reduce offset drift errors.
You can multiplex several SCXI-1503 modules and other SCXI modules
into a single channel on the DAQ device, greatly increasing the number of
analog input signals that you can digitize.
Detailed specifications of the SCXI-1503 modules are listed in
Appendix A, Specifications.
What You Need to Get Started
To set up and use the SCXI-1503, you need the following items:
❑ Hardware
–
SCXI-1503 module
–
One of the following terminal blocks:
–
© National Instruments Corporation
•
SCXI-1306—front-mount terminal block with screw
terminal connectivity.
•
SCXI-1310—custom kit for custom connectivity.
•
TBX-96—DIN EN mount terminal block with screw terminal
connectivity.
SCXI or PXI/SCXI combo chassis
1-1
SCXI-1503 User Manual
Chapter 1
About the SCXI-1503
–
One of the following:
•
SCXI-1600
•
E/M Series DAQ device
–
Computer
–
Cabling, cable adapter, and sensors as required for your
application
❑ Software
–
NI-DAQ 8.1 or later
–
Application software, such as LabVIEW, LabWindows™/CVI™,
Measurement Studio, or other programming environments
❑ Documentation
–
Read Me First: Safety and Radio-Frequency Interference
–
DAQ Getting Started Guide
–
SCXI Quick Start Guide
–
SCXI-1503 User Manual
–
Terminal block installation guide
–
Documentation for your software
❑ Tools
–
Wire cutter
–
Wire stripper
–
Flathead screwdriver
–
Phillips screwdriver
National Instruments Documentation
The SCXI-1503 User Manual is one piece of the documentation set for data
acquisition (DAQ) systems. You could have any of several types of
manuals depending on the hardware and software in the system. Use the
manuals you have as follows:
•
SCXI-1503 User Manual
The SCXI Quick Start Guide—This document contains a quick
overview for setting up an SCXI chassis, installing SCXI modules and
terminal blocks, and attaching sensors. It also describes setting up the
SCXI system in MAX.
1-2
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Chapter 1
About the SCXI-1503
•
SCXI or PXI/SCXI chassis manual—Read this manual for
maintenance information on the chassis and for installation
instructions.
•
The DAQ Getting Started Guide—This document has information on
installing NI-DAQ and the E/M Series DAQ device. Install these
before you install the SCXI module.
•
The SCXI hardware user manuals—Read these manuals for detailed
information about signal connections and module configuration. They
also explain, in greater detail, how the module works and contain
application hints.
•
Accessory installation guides or manuals—Read the terminal block
and cable assembly installation guides. They explain how to physically
connect the relevant pieces of the system. Consult these guides when
you are making the connections.
•
The E/M Series DAQ device documentation—This documentation has
detailed information about the DAQ device that plugs into or is
connected to the computer. Use this documentation for hardware
installation and configuration instructions, specification information
about the DAQ device, and application hints.
•
Software documentation—You may have both application software
and NI-DAQ software documentation. National Instruments (NI)
application software includes LabVIEW, LabWindows/CVI, and
Measurement Studio. After you set up the hardware system, use either
your application software documentation or the NI-DAQ
documentation to help you write your application. If you have a large,
complex system, it is worthwhile to look through the software
documentation before you configure the hardware.
•
One or more of the following help files for software information:
–
Start»Programs»National Instruments»NI-DAQ»
NI-DAQmx Help
–
Start»Programs»National Instruments»NI-DAQ»
Traditional NI-DAQ User Manual
–
Start»Programs»National Instruments»NI-DAQ»
Traditional NI-DAQ Function Reference Help
You can download NI documents from ni.com/manuals. To download
the latest version of NI-DAQ, click Drivers and Updates at ni.com.
© National Instruments Corporation
1-3
SCXI-1503 User Manual
Chapter 1
About the SCXI-1503
Installing Application Software, NI-DAQ, and the
E/M Series DAQ Device
Refer to the DAQ Getting Started Guide packaged with the NI-DAQ
software to install your application software, NI-DAQ driver software, and
the DAQ device to which you will connect the SCXI-1503. NI-DAQ 8.1 or
later is required to configure and program the SCXI-1503 module. If you
do not have NI-DAQ 8.1 or later, you can either contact an NI sales
representative to request it on a CD or download the latest NI-DAQ version
from ni.com.
Refer to the Read Me First: Radio-Frequency Interference document before
removing equipment covers or connecting or disconnecting any signal wires.
Note
Installing the SCXI-1503 Module into the SCXI Chassis
Refer to the SCXI Quick Start Guide to install your SCXI-1503 module.
Installing the Terminal Block
Table 1-1 shows the supported SCXI-1503 terminal blocks. Refer to the
SCXI Quick Start Guide and the terminal block installation guide for more
information about the terminal block.
Table 1-1. Supported SCXI-1503 Terminal Blocks
Terminal Block
CJC Sensor
Measurement Type
SCXI-1306
Yes
Resistive temperature
measurements
TBX-96
No
Custom signals
SCXI-1310
No
Configuring the SCXI System Software
Refer to the SCXI Quick Start Guide and the user manuals of the modules
in your application to configure and verify them in software.
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Chapter 1
About the SCXI-1503
Verifying the SCXI-1503 Installation
Refer to the SCXI Quick Start Guide, for details about testing the SCXI
chassis and module installation in software. Refer to Chapter 3,
Configuring and Testing, for details about setting up a task and verifying
the input signal.
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
2
Connecting Signals
This chapter describes the input and output signal connections to the
SCXI-1503 module with the module front connector and rear signal
connector. This chapter also includes connection instructions for the
signals on the SCXI-1503 module when using the SCXI-1306 terminal
block.
In addition to this section, refer to the installation guide of the terminal
block for detailed information regarding connecting the signals. If you are
using a custom cable or connector block, refer to the Front Connector
section.
Analog Input Signal Connections
Each differential input (AI+ and AI–) goes to a separate filter and amplifier
that is multiplexed to the module output buffer. If the terminal block has a
temperature sensor, the sensor output—connected to pins A3 and/or A4
(CJ SENSOR)—is also filtered and multiplexed to the module output
buffer.
The differential input signal range of an SCXI-1503 module input channel
is ±10 V when using a gain of 1 or ±0.1 V when using a gain of 100. This
differential input range is the maximum measurable voltage difference
between the positive and negative channel inputs. The common-mode input
signal range of an SCXI-1503 module input channel is ±10 V. This
common-mode input range for either positive or negative channel input is
the maximum input voltage that results in a valid measurement. Each
channel includes input protection circuitry to withstand the accidental
application of voltages up to ±42 VDC powered on or ±25 VDC
powered off.
Exceeding the input damage level (±42 VDC powered on or ±25 VDC powered
off between input channels and chassis ground) can damage the SCXI-1503 module, the
SCXIbus, and the DAQ device. NI is not liable for any injuries resulting from such signal
connections.
Caution
© National Instruments Corporation
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Note Exceeding the differential or common-mode input channel ranges results in a
distorted signal measurement, and can also increase the settling time requirement of the
connected E/M Series DAQ device.
Ground-Referencing the Signals
Do not ground signals that are already ground-referenced; doing so results
in a ground loop, which can adversely affect the measurement accuracy.
Directly grounding floating signals to the chassis ground without using a
bias resistor is not recommended as this can result in noisy readings
Connecting Resistive Devices to the SCXI-1503
You can connect resistive devices to the SCXI signal conditioning system
in a 4-, 2-, or 3-wire configuration. Figures 2-1 through 2-4 illustrate
various ways to connect sensors for current excitation and voltage
measurements using the SCXI-1503 with the SCXI-1306 terminal block.
Refer to the appropriate ADE and SCXI documentation for information
concerning setting appropriate voltage gains for the analog inputs.
You can use the SCXI-1306 terminal block to make signal connections to
the SCXI-1503. When using the SCXI-1306 terminal block, refer to the
SCXI-1306 Terminal Block Installation Guide.
SCXI-1503 User Manual
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
4-Wire Configuration
The 4-wire configuration, also referred to as a Kelvin connection, is shown
in Figure 2-1. The 4-wire configuration uses one pair of wires to deliver the
excitation current to the resistive sensor and uses a separate pair of wires to
sense the voltage across the resistive sensor. Because of the high input
impedance of the differential amplifier, negligible current flows through
the sense wires. This results in a very small lead-resistance voltage drop
error. The main disadvantage of the 4-wire connection is the greater
number of field wires required.
External Sensor
SCXI-1503
SCXI-1306
RL1
RL2
AI+
RT
Channel X
IEX+
AI–
RL4
+
–
I = 100 µA
IEX–
RL3
CH X
ON
Figure 2-1. 4-Wire Resistive Sensor Connected in a 4-Wire Configuration
© National Instruments Corporation
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
2-Wire Configuration
The basic 2-wire configuration is shown in Figure 2-2. In this configuration
an error voltage (VE) is introduced into the measurement equal to the
excitation current (IEX) times the sum of the two lead resistances, RL1 and
RL2. If we assume equal lead resistances, RL1 = RL2 = RL, the magnitude of
the error voltage is:
V E = 2R L I EX
This is the most commonly used configuration for connecting thermistors
to a signal conditioning system because the large sensitivity of thermistors
usually results in the introduction of a negligible error by the lead
resistances.
RTDs typically have a much smaller sensitivity and nominal resistance than
thermistors, therefore a 2-wire configuration usually results in the
introduction of larger errors by the lead resistance.
External Sensor
SCXI-1306
RL1
Channel X
IEX+
AI+
RT
SCXI-1503
AI–
RL2
+
–
I = 100 µA
IEX–
CH X
ON
Figure 2-2. 2-Wire Resistive Sensor Connected in a 2-Wire Configuration
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
3-Wire Resistive Sensor Configuration
If you are using a 3-wire resistive sensor, you can reduce the error voltage
by one-half over the 2-wire measurement by connecting the device as
shown in Figure 2-3. In this configuration, very little current flows through
RL3 and therefore RL2 is the only lead resistance that introduces an error into
the measurement. The resulting measurement error is:
VE = R L2 I EX
External Sensor
SCXI-1306
SCXI-1503
RL1
Channel X
IEX+
RL3
AI+
RT
AI–
RL2
+
–
I = 100 µA
IEX–
CH X
ON
Figure 2-3. 3-Wire Resistive Sensor Configuration
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Lead-Resistance Compensation Using a 3-Wire Resistive Sensor and
Two Matched Current Sources
You can compensate for the errors introduced by lead-resistance voltage
drops by using a 3-wire resistive sensor and two matched current sources
connected as shown in Figure 2-4.
External Sensor
SCXI-1306
RL1
SCXI-1503
EX0+
AI0+
AI0–
+
–
I = 100 µA
+
–
I = 100 µA
EX0–
RT
ON
RL2
RL3
EX1+
AI1+
AI1–
EX1–
ON
Figure 2-4. 3-Wire Configuration Using Matched Current Sources
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
In this configuration, the lead-resistance voltage drop across RL3 is
converted into a common-mode voltage that is rejected by the differential
amplifier. Also, the polarity of the lead-resistance voltage drops across RL1
and RL2 are series opposing, relative to the inputs of the differential
amplifier, eliminating their effect on the voltage measured across RT.
Note
RL1 and RL2 are assumed to be equal.
The effectiveness of this method depends on the matching of the current
sources. Each current source on the SCXI-1503 has an accuracy of ±0.05%.
This accuracy results in a worst-case matching of ±0.1%. Refer to the
Chapter 4, Theory of Operation, for accuracy considerations of RTDs and
thermistors.
Front Connector
The pin assignments for the SCXI-1503 front signal connector are shown
in Table 2-1.
Note
Do not make any connections to RSVD pins.
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Table 2-1. Front Signal Pin Assignments
Front Connector Diagram
Pin Number
Column A
Column B
Column C
32
GND
AI0–
AI0+
31
GND
AI1–
AI1+
30
GND
AI2–
AI2+
29
GND
AI3–
AI3+
28
RSVD
AI4–
AI4+
29
27
RSVD
AI5–
AI5+
28
26
RSVD
AI6–
AI6+
27
25
RSVD
AI7–
AI7+
24
NC
IEX0–
IEX0+
24
23
NC
IEX1–
IEX1+
23
22
NC
IEX2–
IEX2+
22
21
NC
IEX3–
IEX3+
20
RSVD
IEX4–
IEX4+
19
RSVD
IEX5
IEX5+
18
18
NC
IEX6–
IEX6+
17
17
NC
IEX7–
IEX7+
16
16
GND
AI8–
AI8+
15
GND
AI9–
AI9+
14
GND
AI10–
AI10+
12
13
GND
AI11–
AI11+
11
12
NC
AI12–
AI12+
10
11
NC
AI13–
AI13+
10
NC
AI14–
AI14+
9
NC
AI15–
AI15+
6
8
NC
IEX8–
IEX8+
5
7
NC
IEX9–
IEX9+
4
6
NC
IEX10–
IEX10+
5
NC
IEX11–
IEX11+
4
CJ SENSOR
IEX12–
IEX12+
3
CJ SENSOR
IEX13–
IEX13+
NC—no connection
2
CGND
IEX14–
IEX14+
RSVD—reserved
1
+5 V
IEX15–
IEX15+
Column
A
B
C
32
31
30
26
25
21
20
19
15
14
13
9
8
7
3
2
1
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Table 2-2. Signal Descriptions
Pin
Signal Name
Description
A1
+5 V
+5 VDC Source—Used to power circuitry on the
terminal block. 0.1 mA of source not protected.
A13 – A16,
A29 – A32
GND
Ground—Tied to the SCXI module ground.
A1, A19, A20,
A25 – A28
RSVD
Reserved—This pin is reserved. Do not connect
any signal to this pin.
A2
C GND
Chassis Ground—Connects to the SCXI chassis.
B24 – B17,
B8 – B1
IEX<0..7> –,
IEX<8..15> –
Negative Excitation—Connects to the channel
ground reference. This is the return path for the
corresponding IEX+ channel.
C24 – C17,
C8 – C1
IEX<0..7> +,
IEX<8..15> +
Positive Excitation—Connects to the positive
current output of the channel.
A3, A4
CJ SENSOR
Cold-Junction Temperature Sensor
Input—Connects to the temperature sensor of
the terminal block.
B30 – B 25,
B16 – B9
AI <0..7> –,
AI <8..15> –
Negative Input Channels—Negative side of
differential input channels.
C32 – C25,
C16 – C9
AI <0..7> +,
AI <8..15> +
Positive Input Channels—Positive side of
differential input channels.
© National Instruments Corporation
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Rear Signal Connector
Table 2-3 shows the SCXI-1503 module rear signal connector pin
assignments.
Table 2-3. Rear Signal Pin Assignments
Rear Connector Diagram
Signal Name
Pin Number
Pin Number
Signal Name
AI GND
1
2
AI GND
AI 0 +
3
4
AI 0 –
NC
5
6
NC
NC
7
8
NC
NC
9
10
NC
NC
11
12
NC
NC
13
14
NC
NC
15
16
NC
NC
17
18
NC
NC
19
20
NC
NC
21
22
NC
NC
23
24
DIG GND
SER DAT IN
25
26
SER DAT OUT
DAQ D*/A
27
28
NC
SLOT 0 SEL*
29
30
NC
NC
31
32
NC
DIG GND
33
34
NC
NC
35
36
SCAN CLK
SER CLK
37
38
NC
NC
39
40
NC
NC
41
42
NC
RSVD
43
44
NC
NC
45
46
RSVD
NC means no connection.
NC
47
48
NC
RSVD means reserved.
NC
49
50
NC
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45
47
49
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48
50
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Chapter 2
Connecting Signals
Rear Signal Connector Descriptions
The rear signal connector on the cabled module is the interface between
the DAQ device and all modules in the SCXI chassis. AI 0 is used to
differentially multiplex all 16 channels, the CJ sensor, and analog signals
from the modules to the connected DAQ device.
The communication signals between the DAQ device and the SCXI system
are listed in Table 2-4. If the DAQ device is connected to the SCXI-1503,
these digital lines are unavailable for general-purpose digital I/O.
Table 2-4. SCXI-1503 50-Pin Rear Connector Signals
Pin
SCXI
Signal Name
NI-DAQmx
Device Signal
Name
Direction
Description
1, 2
AI GND
AI GND
—
Analog input ground—connects to
the analog input ground of the DAQ
device.
3
AI 0 +
AI 0 +
Input
Channel 0 positive—used to
differentially multiplex all
16 channels, the CJ sensor, and
analog signals from the modules to
the connected DAQ device.
4
AI 0 –
AI 0 –
Input
Channel 0 negative—used to
differentially multiplex all
16 channels, the CJ sensor, and
analog signals from the modules to
the connected DAQ device.
24, 33
DIG GND
D GND
—
Digital ground—these pins supply
the reference for E/M Series DAQ
device digital signals and are
connected to the module digital
ground.
25
SER DAT IN
P0.0
Input
Serial data in—this signal taps into
the SCXIbus MOSI line to send
serial input data to a module or
Slot 0.
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Connecting Signals
Table 2-4. SCXI-1503 50-Pin Rear Connector Signals (Continued)
Pin
SCXI
Signal Name
NI-DAQmx
Device Signal
Name
Direction
Description
26
SER DAT OU
T
P0.4
Output
Serial data out—this signal taps
into the SCXIbus MISO line to
accept serial output data from a
module.
27
DAQ D*/A
P0.1
Input
Board data/address line—this
signal taps into the SCXIbus D*/A
line to indicate to the module
whether the incoming serial stream
is data or address information.
29
SLOT 0 SEL*
P0.2
Input
Slot 0 select—this signal taps into
the SCXIbus INTR* line to indicate
whether the information on MOSI
is being sent to a module or Slot 0.
36
SCAN CLK
AI HOLD COMP,
AI HOLD
Input
Scan clock—a rising edge indicates
to the scanned SCXI module that
the E/M Series DAQ device has
taken a sample and causes the
module to advance channels.
37
SER CLK
EXTSTROBE*
Input
Serial clock—this signal taps into
the SCXIbus SPICLK line to clock
the data on the MOSI and MISO
lines.
43, 46
RSVD
RSVD
Input
Reserved.
Note: All other pins are not connected.
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Configuring and Testing
3
This chapter discusses configuring the SCXI-1503 in MAX using
NI-DAQmx, creating and testing a virtual channel, global channel,
and/or task.
Notes You must have NI-DAQmx 8.1 or later installed.
Refer to the SCXI Quick Start Guide if you have not already configured the chassis.
SCXI-1503 Software-Configurable Settings
This section describes how to set the gain/input signal range and how to
configure your software for compatible sensor types. It also describes how
to perform configuration of these settings for the SCXI-1503 in
NI-DAQmx. For more information on the relationship between the settings
and the measurements and how to configure settings in your application,
refer to Chapter 4, Theory of Operation.
Common Software-Configurable Settings
This section describes the most frequently used software-configurable
settings for the SCXI-1503. Refer to Chapter 5, Using the SCXI-1503,
for a complete list of software-configurable settings.
Gain/Input Range
Gain/input range is a software-configurable setting that allows you to
choose the appropriate amplification to fully utilize the range of the
E/M Series DAQ device. In most applications NI-DAQ chooses and sets
the gain for you determined by the input range. This feature is described in
Chapter 5, Using the SCXI-1503. Otherwise, you should determine the
appropriate gain using the input signal voltage range and the full-scale
limits of the SCXI-1503 output. You can select a gain of 1 or 100 on a per
channel basis.
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Chapter 3
Configuring and Testing
Input Coupling
The front end of the SCXI-1503 includes a software configurable switch
that allows you to programmatically connect the input channels of the
SCXI-1503 to either the front connector or internal ground. When using
autozero, the coupling mode is set automatically. Refer to Table 5-1,
NI-DAQmx Voltage Measurement Properties, for details about the
available input coupling modes supported by the SCXI-1503.
CJC Source/Value
When using a terminal block that has a CJ sensor for thermocouple
measurements, you can set the CJC source as internal, which scans the
sensor at the beginning of each measurement and scales the readings
accordingly.
Auto-Zero
Setting the Auto-zero mode to Once improves the accuracy of the
measurement. With auto-zero enabled, the inputs of the SCXI-1503 are
internally grounded. The driver makes a measurement when the task begins
and then subtracts the measured offset from all future measurements.
Configurable Settings in MAX
If you are not using an NI ADE or are using an unlicensed copy of an NI ADE,
additional dialog boxes from the NI License Manager appear allowing you to create a task
or global channel in unlicensed mode. These messages continue to appear until you install
version 8.1 or later of an NI ADE.
Note
This section describes where you can access each software-configurable
setting in MAX. The location of the settings varies depending on the
version of NI-DAQmx you use. Refer to the DAQ Getting Started Guide
and the SCXI Quick Start Guide for more information on installing and
configuring the hardware. You can use DAQ Assistant to graphically
configure common measurement tasks, channels, or scales.
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Chapter 3
Configuring and Testing
NI-DAQmx
Using NI-DAQmx, you can configure software settings such as sensor type
and gain/input signal range in the following ways:
•
Task or global channel in MAX
•
Functions in your application
All software-configurable settings are not configurable both ways. This section only
discusses settings in MAX. Refer to Chapter 5, Using the SCXI-1503, for information on
using functions in your application.
Note
Dependent upon the terminal block configuration use, you can use the
SCXI-1503 module to make the following types of measurements:
•
Voltage input
•
Thermocouple
•
RTD
•
Thermistors
Creating a Global Channel or Task
To create a new voltage, temperature, or current input NI-DAQmx global
task or channel, complete the following steps:
1.
Double-click Measurement & Automation on the desktop.
2.
Right-click Data Neighborhood and select Create New.
3.
Select NI-DAQmx Task or NI-DAQmx Global Channel, and click
Next.
4.
Select Analog Input.
5.
Select one of the following:
6.
© National Instruments Corporation
•
Voltage
•
Temperature and then select one of the following:
–
Iex Thermistor
–
RTD
–
Thermocouple
–
Vex Thermistor
If you are creating a task, you can select a range of channels by holding
down the <Shift> key while selecting the channels. You can select
multiple individual channels by holding down the <Ctrl> key while
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Chapter 3
Configuring and Testing
selecting channels. If you are creating a channel, you can only select
one channel. Click Next.
7.
Name the task or channel and click Finish.
8.
Select the channel(s) you want to configure. You can select a range of
channels by holding down the <Shift> key while selecting the
channels. You can select multiple individual channels by holding down
the <Ctrl> key while selecting channels.
If you want to add channels of various measurement types to the same task, click
the Add Channels button to select the measurement type for the additional channels.
Note
9.
Enter the specific values for your application in the Settings tab.
Context help information for each setting is provided on the right
side of the screen. Configure the input signal range using either
NI-DAQmx Task or NI-DAQmx Global Channel. When you set the
minimum and maximum range of NI-DAQmx Task or NI-DAQmx
Global Channel, the driver selects the best gain for the measurement.
You also can set it through your application.
10. If you are creating a task and want to set timing or triggering controls,
enter the values in the Task Timing and Task Triggering tabs.
11. Click Device and select Auto Zero mode if desired.
Verifying the Signal
This section describes how to take measurements using test panels in order
to verify signal, and configuring and installing a system in NI-DAQmx.
Verifying the Signal in NI-DAQmx Using a Task or Global Channel
You can verify the signals on the SCXI-1503 using NI-DAQmx by
completing the following steps:
SCXI-1503 User Manual
1.
Expand Data Neighborhood.
2.
Expand NI-DAQmx Tasks.
3.
Click the task you created in the Creating a Global Channel or Task
section.
4.
Select the channel(s) you want to verify. You can select a block of
channels by holding down the <Shift> key or multiple channels by
holding down the <Ctrl> key. Click OK.
5.
Enter the appropriate information on the Settings and Device tab.
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Chapter 3
Configuring and Testing
6.
Click the Test button.
7.
Click the Start button.
8.
After you have completed verifying the channels, click the Stop
button.
You have now verified the SCXI-1503 configuration and signal connection.
For more information on how to further configure the SCXI-1503, or how to use
LabVIEW to configure the module and take measurements, refer to Chapter 5, Using the
SCXI-1503.
Note
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
4
Theory of Operation
This chapter provides a brief overview and a detailed discussion of the
circuit features of the SCXI-1503 module. Refer to Figure 4-1 while
reading this section.
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
4-2
Input Protection
and Lowpass Filter
Gain 31
CJSENSOR
Lowpass
Filter
Lowpass
Filter
Buffer
Buffer
Buffer
Buffer
Digital Interface
and Control
Switch
Calibration EEPROM
Gain Select
Input Select
Mux
IEX 15 –
100 µA
100 µA
–
Inst.
Amp
+
–
Inst.
Amp
+
Calibration
Source
Switch
Switch
SCXIbus
Interface
Mux
AB 0 –
AB 0 +
OUT REF
AI GND
AI 0 –
AI 0 +
Rear Signal Connector
IEX 15 +
IEX 0 –
IEX 0 +
AI 15 –
AI 15 +
AI 0 –
AI 0 +
Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
SCXIbus Connector
32-to-1 Mux
Gain 0
Front Signal Connector
Figure 4-1. Block Diagram of SCXI-1503
ni.com
Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
The major components of the SCXI-1503 modules are as follows:
•
Rear signal connector
•
SCXIbus connector
•
SCXIbus interface
•
Digital control circuitry
•
Analog circuitry
The SCXI-1503 modules consist of 16 multiplexed input channels, each
with a software-programmable gain of 1 or 100. Each input channel has its
own lowpass filter. Each channel has a fixed 100 μA current excitation. The
SCXI-1503 modules also have a digital section for automatic control of
channel scanning, temperature sensor selection, gain selection, and
auto-zero mode.
Rear Signal Connector, SCXIbus Connector, and
SCXIbus Interface
The SCXIbus controls the SCXI-1503 module. The SCXIbus interface
connects the rear signal connector to the SCXIbus, allowing a DAQ device
to control the SCXI-1503 module and the rest of the chassis.
Digital Control Circuitry
The digital control circuitry consists of the Address Handler and registers
that are necessary for identifying the module, reading/setting calibration
information, setting the gain, and selecting the appropriate channel.
Analog Circuitry
The analog circuitry per channel consists of a fixed lowpass filter and an
amplifier with a software selectable gain of 1 or 100. The CJ SENSOR
channel has a lowpass filter buffered by a unity gain amplifier. The
channels and CJ SENSOR are multiplexed to a single output buffer.
Analog Input Channels
Each of the 16 differential analog input channels feeds to a separate
instrumentation amplifier with a programmable gain of 1 or 100. Each
channel has a fixed 100 μA current excitation. Then the signal passes
through a fixed 2-pole, 5 Hz lowpass filter.
© National Instruments Corporation
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Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
The CJ SENSOR input channel is used to read the sensor temperature from
the terminal block. The temperature sensor is for cold-junction
compensation of thermocouple measurements. The CJ SENSOR channel
also passes through a 5 Hz lowpass filter to reject unwanted noise on the
SCXI-1503. Along with the other 16 input channels, the CJ SENSOR is
multiplexed to the output buffer, where it can be read by the DAQ device.
Operation of the Current Sources
The current sources on the SCXI-1503 continuously provide 16 channels
of 100 μA current excitation. These current sources are on whenever the
SCXI chassis is powered-on. The current sources on the SCXI-1503 are
designed to be accurate to within ±0.05% of the specified value with a
temperature drift of no more than ±5 ppm/°C. The high accuracy and
stability of these current sources makes them especially well suited to
measuring resistance to a high degree of accuracy.
Theory of Multiplexed Operation
In multiplexed mode, all input channels of an SCXI module are
multiplexed into a single analog input channel of the DAQ device.
Multiplexed mode operation is ideal for high channel count systems.
Multiplexed mode is typically used for performing scanning operations
with the SCXI-1503. The power of SCXI multiplexed mode scanning is its
ability to route many input channels to a single channel of the DAQ device.
The multiplexing operation of the analog input signals is performed
entirely by multiplexers in the SCXI modules, not inside the DAQ device
or SCXI chassis. In multiplexed mode the SCXI-1503 scanned channels are
kept by the NI-DAQ driver in a scan list. Immediately prior to a multiplexed
scanning operation, the SCXI chassis is programmed with a module scan
list that controls which module sends its output to the SCXIbus during a
scan through the cabled SCXI module.
The list can contain channels in any physical order and the multiplexer can
sequence the channel selection from the scan list in any order. The ordering
of scanned channels need not be sequential. Channels can occur multiple
times in a single scan list. The scan list can contain an arbitrary number of
channels for each module entry in the scan list, limited to a total of
512 channels per DAQ device. This is referred to as flexible scanning
(random scanning). Not all SCXI modules provide flexible scanning.
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Chapter 4
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The module includes first-in first-out (FIFO) memory for storing the
channel scan list defined in your application code. NI-DAQ drivers load the
FIFO based on the channel assignments you make in your application. You
need not explicitly program the module FIFO as this is done automatically
for you by the NI-DAQ driver.
When you configure a module for multiplexed mode operation, the routing
of multiplexed signals to the DAQ device depends on which module in the
SCXI system is cabled to the DAQ device. There are several possible
scenarios for routing signals from the multiplexed modules to the DAQ
device.
If the scanned SCXI-1503 module is not directly cabled to the DAQ device,
the module sends its signals through the SCXIbus to the cabled module.
The cabled module, whose routing is controlled by the SCXI chassis, routes
the SCXIbus signals to the DAQ device through the AI 0 pin on its rear
signal connector.
If the DAQ device scans the cabled module, the module routes its input
signals through the AI 0 pin on its rear signal connector to a single channel
on the DAQ device.
Measuring Temperature with Resistive Transducers
This section discusses RTDs and thermistors, and describes accuracy
considerations when connecting resistive transducers to the signal
conditioning system.
RTDs
A resistive-temperature detector (RTD) is a temperature-sensing device
whose resistance increases with temperature. An RTD consists of a wire
coil or deposited film of pure metal. RTDs are made of different metals and
have different resistances, but the most popular RTD is made of platinum
and has a nominal resistance of 100 Ω at 0 °C.
RTDs are known for their excellent accuracy over a wide temperature
range. Some RTDs have accuracies as high as 0.01 Ω (0.026 °C) at 0 °C.
RTDs are also extremely stable devices. Common industrial RTDs drift less
than 0.1 °C/year, and some models are stable to within 0.0025 °C/year.
RTDs are sometimes difficult to measure because they have relatively low
nominal resistance (commonly 100 Ω) that changes only slightly with
temperature (less than 0.4 Ω/°C). To accurately measure these small
© National Instruments Corporation
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Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
changes in resistance, you must use special configurations that minimize
measured errors caused by lead-wire resistance.
RTD Measurement Errors
Because the RTD is a resistive device, you must pass a current through the
device and monitor the resulting voltage. However, any resistance in the
lead wires that connect the measurement system to the RTD adds error to
the readings. For example, consider a 2-wire RTD element connected to a
measurement system that also supplies a constant current, IEX, to excite the
RTD. As shown in Figure 4-2, the voltage drop across the lead resistances
(labeled RL ) adds an error voltage to the measured voltage.
IEX
RL
+
V0
RT
–
RL
Figure 4-2. 2-Wire RTD Measurement
For example, a lead resistance of 0.3 Ω in each wire adds a 0.6 Ω error to
the resistance measurement. For a platinum RTD at 0 °C with α = 0.00385,
the lead resistance equates to an error of approximately
0.6 Ω - = 1.6 °C
---------------------------0.385 Ω/°C
Chapter 2, Connecting Signals, describes different ways of connecting
resistive devices to the SCXI system.
The Relationship Between Resistance and
Temperature in RTDs
Compared to other temperature-measurement devices, the output of an
RTD is relatively linear with respect to temperature. The temperature
coefficient, called alpha (α), differs between RTD curves. Although
various manufacturers specify alpha differently, alpha is most commonly
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Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
defined as the change in RTD resistance from 0 to 100 °C, divided by the
resistance at 0 °C, divided by 100 °C:
R 100 – R 0
α(Ω/Ω/°C) = ----------------------------R 0 × 100 °C
where
R100 is the resistance of the RTD at 100 °C.
R0 is the resistance of the RTD at 0 °C.
For example, a 100 Ω platinum RTD with α = 0.003911 has a resistance of
139.11 Ω at 100 °C.
Figure 4-3 displays a typical resistance-temperature curve for a 100 Ω
platinum RTD.
480
400
320
240
160
80
0
80 160 240 320 400 480 560 640 720 800 880 960
Figure 4-3. Resistance-Temperature Curve for a 100 Ω Platinum RTD, α = 0.00385
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
Although the resistance-temperature curve is relatively linear, accurately
converting measured resistance to temperature requires curve fitting. The
following Callendar-Van Dusen equation is commonly used to approximate
the RTD curve:
2
3
R T = R 0 [ 1 + AT + BT + C ( T – 100 ) ]
where
RT is the resistance of the RTD at temperature T.
R0 is the resistance of the RTD at 0 °C.
A, B, and C are the Callendar-Van Dusen coefficients shown in
Table 4-1.
T is the temperature in °C.
Table 4-1 lists the RTD types and their corresponding coefficients.
Table 4-1. Platinum RTD Types
Standard
Temperature
Coefficient of
Resistance
(TCR, PPM)
IEC-751
DIN 43760
BS 1904
ASTM-E1137
EN-60751
3851
Low cost
vendor
compliant1
3750
Typical
R0
100 Ω
1000 Ω
Callendar-Van
Dusen Coefficient
A = 3.9083 × 10–3
B = –5.775 × 10–7
C = –4.183 × 10–12
1000 Ω
A = 3.81 × 10–3
B = –6.02 × 10–7
C = –6.0 × 10–12
JISC 1604
3916
100 Ω
A = 3.9739 × 10–3
B = –5.870 × 10–7
C = –4.4 × 10–12
US Industrial
Standard D-100
American
3920
100 Ω
A = 3.9787 × 10–3
B = –5.8686 × 10–7
C = –4.167 × 10–12
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Chapter 4
Theory of Operation
Table 4-1. Platinum RTD Types (Continued)
Standard
Temperature
Coefficient of
Resistance
(TCR, PPM)
Typical
R0
3911
100 Ω
US Industrial
Standard
American
Callendar-Van
Dusen Coefficient
A = 3.9692 × 10–3
B = –5.8495 × 10–7
C = –4.233 × 10–12
ITS-90
3928
100 Ω
A = 3.9888 × 10–3
B = –5.915 × 10–7
C = –3.85 × 10–12
1
No standard. Check TCR.
For temperatures above 0 °C, coefficient C equals 0, reducing this equation
to a quadratic. If you pass a known current, IEX, through the RTD and
measure the output voltage developed across the RTD, V0 , you can solve
for T as follows:
V
R 0 – ------0I EX
T = ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------⎛
⎞
V
2 2
–0.5 ⎜ R 0 A + R 0 A – 4R 0 B ⎛ R 0 – ------0-⎞ ⎟
⎝
I EX⎠ ⎠
⎝
where
V0 is the measured RTD voltage.
IEX is the excitation current.
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Theory of Operation
Thermistors
A thermistor is a piece of semiconductor made from metal oxides, pressed
into a small bead, disk, wafer, or other shape, sintered at high temperatures,
and finally coated with epoxy or glass. The resulting device exhibits an
electrical resistance that varies with temperature.
There are two types of thermistors: negative temperature coefficient (NTC)
thermistors, whose resistance decreases with increasing temperature, and
positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistors, whose resistance
increases with increasing temperature. NTC thermistors are more
commonly used than PTC thermistors, especially for temperature
measurement applications.
A main advantage of thermistors for temperature measurement is their
extremely high sensitivity. For example, a 2,252 Ω thermistor has a
sensitivity of –100 Ω/°C at room temperature. Higher resistance
thermistors can exhibit temperature coefficients of –10 kΩ/°C or more.
In comparison, a 100 Ω platinum RTD has a sensitivity of only 0.4 Ω/°C.
Also, the physically small size and low thermal mass of a thermistor bead
allows a very fast response to temperature changes.
Another advantage of the thermistor is its relatively high resistance.
Thermistors are available with base resistances (at 25 °C) ranging from
hundreds to millions of ohms. This high resistance diminishes the effect of
inherent resistances in the lead wires, which can cause significant errors
with low resistance devices such as RTDs. For example, while RTD
measurements typically require 3- or 4-wire connections to reduce errors
caused by lead-wire resistances, 2-wire connections to thermistors are
usually adequate.
The major trade-off for the high resistance and sensitivity of the thermistor
is its highly nonlinear output and relatively limited operating range.
Depending on the type of thermistor, the upper range is typically limited to
around 300 °C. Figure 4-4 shows the resistance-temperature curve for a
2,252 Ω thermistor. The curve of a 100 Ω RTD is also shown for
comparison.
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,
Figure 4-4. Resistance-Temperature Curve for a 2,252 Ω Thermistor
The thermistor has been used primarily for high-resolution measurements
over limited temperature ranges. However, continuing improvements in
thermistor stability, accuracy, and interchangeability have prompted
increased use of thermistors in a variety of applications.
Thermistor Measurement Circuits
This section details information about thermistor measurement circuits.
The most common technique is to use a current-source, and measure the
voltage developed across the thermistor. Figure shows the measured
voltage V0 equals RT × IEX.
IEX
+
RT
Thermistor
V0
–
V0 = IEX x RT
Figure 4-5. Thermistor Measurement with Constant Current Excitation
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The maximum resistance of the thermistor is determined from the current
excitation value and the maximum voltage range of the input device. When
using the SCXI-1503, the maximum measurable resistance is 100 kΩ.
The level of the voltage output signal depends directly on the thermistor
resistance and magnitude of the current excitation. Do not use a higher level
of current excitation in order to produce a higher level output signal
because the current causes the thermistor to heat internally, leading to
temperature-measurement errors. This phenomena is called self-heating.
When current passes through the thermistor, power dissipated by the
thermistor equaling (IEX2RT), heats the thermistor.
Thermistors, with their small size and high resistance, are particularly
prone to these self-heating errors. Manufacturers typically specify this
self-heating as a dissipation constant, which is the power required to heat
the thermistor 1 °C from ambient temperature (mW/°C). The dissipation
constant depends heavily on how easily heat is transferred away from the
thermistor, so the dissipation constant can be specified for different
media—in still air, water, or oil bath. Typical dissipation constants range
anywhere from less than 0.5 mW/°C for still air to 10 mW/°C or higher for
a thermistor immersed in water. A 2,252 Ω thermistor powered by a
100 μA excitation current dissipates:
2
2
I R = 100 μA × 2,252 Ω = 0.0225 mW
If this thermistor has a dissipation constant of 10 mW/°C, the thermistor
self-heats 0.00225 °C so the self-heating from the 100 μA source of the
SCXI-1503 is negligible for most applications. It is still important to
carefully read self-heating specifications of the thermistors.
Resistance/Temperature Characteristic of
Thermistors
The resistance-temperature behavior of thermistors is highly dependent
upon the manufacturing process. Therefore, thermistor curves are not
standardized to the extent that thermocouple or RTD curves are
standardized. Typically, thermistor manufacturers supply the
resistance-versus-temperature curves or tables for their particular devices.
You can, however, approximate the thermistor curve relatively accurately
with the Steinhart-Hart equation:
1
T(°K ) = -----------------------------------------------------------------3a + b [ ln ( R T ) ] + c [ ln ( R T ) ]
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where
T(°K) is the temperature in degrees Kelvin, equal to T(°C) + 273.15.
RT is the resistance of the thermistor.
a, b, and c are coefficients obtained from the thermistor manufacturer
or calculated from the resistance-versus-temperature curve.
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5
This chapter makes suggestions for developing your application and
provides basic information regarding calibration.
Developing Your Application in NI-DAQmx
Note If you are not using an NI ADE, using an NI ADE prior to version 8.1, or are using
an unlicensed copy of an NI ADE, additional dialog boxes from the NI License Manager
appear allowing you to create a task or global channel in unlicensed mode. These messages
continue to appear until you install version 8.1 or later of an NI ADE.
This section describes how to configure and use NI-DAQmx to control the
SCXI-1503 in LabVIEW, LabWindows/CVI, and Measurement Studio.
These ADEs provide greater flexibility and access to more settings than
MAX, but you can use ADEs in conjunction with MAX to quickly create a
customized application.
Typical Program Flowchart
Figure 5-1 shows a typical program voltage measurement flowchart for
creating a task to configure channels, take a measurement, analyze the data,
present the data, stop the measurement, and clear the task.
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Yes
Create Task Using
DAQ Assistant?
No
Create a Task
Programmatically
Create Task in
DAQ Assistant
or MAX
Yes
Create Channel
Create Another
Channel?
No
Hardware
Timing/Triggering?
No
Further Configure
Channels?
No
Yes
Adjust Timing Settings
Yes
Configure Channels
Yes
Process
Data
Analyze Data?
No
Start Measurement
Yes
Graphical
Display Tools
Read Measurement
Yes
Display Data?
No
Continue Sampling?
No
Stop Measurement
Clear Task
Figure 5-1. Typical Program Flowchart for Voltage Measurement Channels
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General Discussion of Typical Flowchart
The following sections briefly discuss some considerations for a few of the
steps in Figure 5-1. These sections are meant to give an overview of some
of the options and features available when programming with NI-DAQmx.
Creating a Task Using DAQ Assistant or
Programmatically
When creating an application, you must first decide whether to create the
appropriate task using the DAQ Assistant or programmatically in the ADE.
Developing your application using DAQ Assistant gives you the ability to
configure most settings such as measurement type, selection of channels,
excitation voltage, signal input limits, task timing, and task triggering. You
can access the DAQ Assistant through MAX or your NI ADE. Choosing to
use the DAQ Assistant can simplify the development of your application.
NI recommends creating tasks using the DAQ Assistant for ease of use,
when using a sensor that requires complex scaling, or when many
properties differ between channels in the same task.
If you are using an ADE other than an NI ADE, or if you want to explicitly
create and configure a task for a certain type of acquisition, you can
programmatically create the task from your ADE using functions or VIs.
If you create a task using the DAQ Assistant, you can still further configure
the individual properties of the task programmatically with functions
or property nodes in your ADE. NI recommends creating a task
programmatically if you need explicit control of programmatically
adjustable properties of the DAQ system.
Programmatically adjusting properties for a task created in the DAQ
Assistant overrides the original, or default, settings only for that session.
The changes are not saved to the task configuration. The next time you load
the task, the task uses the settings originally configured in the DAQ
Assistant.
Adjusting Timing and Triggering
There are several timing properties that you can configure through the
DAQ Assistant or programmatically using function calls or property nodes.
If you create a task in the DAQ Assistant, you can still modify the timing
properties of the task programmatically in your application.
When programmatically adjusting timing settings, you can set the task to
acquire continuously, acquire a buffer of samples, or acquire one point at a
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time. For continuous acquisition, you must use a while loop around the
acquisition components even if you configured the task for continuous
acquisition using MAX or the DAQ Assistant. For continuous and buffered
acquisitions, you can set the acquisition rate and the number of samples to
read in the DAQ Assistant or programmatically in your application. By
default, the clock settings are automatically set by an internal clock based
on the requested sample rate. You also can select advanced features such as
clock settings that specify an external clock source, internal routing of the
clock source, or select the active edge of the clock signal.
Configuring Channel Properties
All ADEs used to configure the SCXI-1503 access an underlying set of
NI-DAQmx properties. Table 5-1 shows some of these properties. You can
use Table 5-1 to determine what kind of properties you need to set to
configure the module for your application. For a complete list of
NI-DAQmx properties, refer to your ADE help file.
You cannot adjust some properties while a task is running. For these properties, you
must stop the task, make the adjustment, and re-start the application. Tables 5-1
through 5-3 assume all properties are configured before the task is started.
Note
Table 5-1. NI-DAQmx Voltage Measurement Properties
Property
Short Name
Description
DAQ
Assistant
Accessible
Analog Input»Maximum
Value
AI.Max
Specifies the maximum value
you expect to measure. The
SCXI-1503 gain and E/M
Series DAQ device range are
computed automatically from
this value.
Yes
Analog Input»Minimum
Value
AI.Min
Specifies the minimum value
you expect to measure. The
SCXI-1503 gain and E/M
Series DAQ device range are
computed automatically from
this value.
Yes
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Table 5-1. NI-DAQmx Voltage Measurement Properties (Continued)
Property
Short Name
DAQ
Assistant
Accessible
Description
Analog Input»General
Properties»Advanced»
Gain and Offset»Gain
Value
AI.Gain
Specifies a gain factor to apply
to the signal conditioning
portion of the channel. The
SCXI-1503 supports 1 or 100.
No
Analog Input»General
Properties»Advanced»
High Accuracy Settings»
Auto Zero Mode
AI.AutoZeroMode
Specifies when to measure
ground. NI-DAQmx subtracts
the measured ground voltage
from every sample. The
SCXI-1503 supports None or
Once.
Yes
Analog Input»General
Properties»Advanced»
Input Configuration»
Coupling
AI.Coupling
Specifies the input coupling of
the channel. The SCXI-1503
supports DC and GND
coupling.
No
Table 5-2. NI-DAQmx RTD Measurement Properties
Property
Short Name
DAQ
Assistant
Accessible
Description
Analog Input»Temperature»
RTD»Type
AI.RTD.Type
Specifies the type of
RTD connected to the
channel.
Yes
Analog Input»Temperature»
RTD»R0
AI.RTD.R0
Specifies the
resistance in ohms of
the sensor at 0 °C.
Yes
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Table 5-2. NI-DAQmx RTD Measurement Properties (Continued)
Property
Short Name
Description
DAQ
Assistant
Accessible
Analog Input»Temperature»
RTD»Custom»A, B, C
AI.RTD.A
AI.RTD.B
AI.RTD.C
Specifies the A, B, or
C constant of the
Callendar-Van Dusen
equation when using a
custom RTD type.
Yes
Analog Input»General
Properties»Signal
Conditioning»Resistance
Configuration
AI.Resistance.Cfg
Specifies the
resistance
configuration for the
channel, such as
2-wire, 3-wire, or
4-wire.
Yes
Table 5-3. NI-DAQmx Thermistor Measurement Properties
Property
Short Name
Analog Input»Temperature»
Thermistor»R1
AI.Thrmistr.R1
Specifies the resistance in
ohms of the sensor at 0 °C.
Yes
Analog Input»Temperature»
Thermistor»Custom»A, B, C
AI.Thrmistr.A
AI.Thrmistr.B
AI.Thrmistr.C
Specifies the A, B, or C
constant of the Steinhart-Hart
thermistor equation, which
NI-DAQmx uses to scale
thermistors.
Yes
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DAQ
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Accessible
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Table 5-4. NI-DAQmx Thermocouple Measurement Properties
Property
Short Name
DAQ
Assistant
Accessible
Description
Analog Input»Temperature»
Thermocouple»Type
AI.Thermcpl.Type
Specifies the type of
thermocouple
connected to the
channel.
Yes
Analog Input»Temperature»
Thermocouple»CJC Source
AI.Thermcpl.CJCSrc
Indicates the source of
cold-junction
compensation.
Yes
Analog Input»Temperature»
Thermocouple»CJC Value
AI.Thermcpl.CJCVal
Specifies the
temperature of the
cold-junction if the
CJC source is constant
value.
Yes
Analog Input»Temperature»
Thermocouple»CJC Channel
AI.Thermcpl.CJCChan
Indicates the channel
that acquires the
temperature of the
cold junction if CJC is
channel.
Yes
Note This is not a complete list of NI-DAQmx properties and does not include every
property you may need to configure your application. It is a representative sample of
important properties to configure for voltage measurements. For a complete list of
NI-DAQmx properties and more information about NI-DAQmx properties, refer to your
ADE help file.
Acquiring, Analyzing, and Presenting
After configuring the task and channels, you can start the acquisition, read
measurements, analyze the data returned, and display it according to the
needs of your application. Typical methods of analysis include digital
filtering, averaging data, performing harmonic analysis, applying a custom
scale, or adjusting measurements mathematically.
NI provides powerful analysis toolsets for each NI ADE to help you
perform advanced analysis on the data without requiring you to have a
programming background. After you acquire the data and perform any
required analysis, it is useful to display the data in a graphical form or log
it to a file. NI ADEs provide easy-to-use tools for graphical display, such as
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charts, graphs, slide controls, and gauge indicators. NI ADEs have tools
that allow you to easily save the data to files such as spread sheets for easy
viewing, ASCII files for universality, or binary files for smaller file sizes.
Completing the Application
After you have completed the measurement, analysis, and presentation of
the data, it is important to stop and clear the task. This releases any memory
used by the task and frees up the DAQ hardware for use in another task.
Note
In LabVIEW, tasks are automatically cleared.
Developing an Application Using LabVIEW
This section describes in more detail the steps shown in the typical program
flowchart in Figure 5-1, such as how to create a task in LabVIEW and
configure the channels of the SCXI-1503. If you need more information or
for further instructions, select Help»VI, Function, & How-To Help from
the LabVIEW menu bar.
Except where otherwise stated, the VIs in Table 5-5 are located on the Functions»
All Functions»NI Measurements»DAQmx - Data Acquisition subpalette and
accompanying subpalettes in LabVIEW.
Note
Table 5-5. Programming a Task in LabVIEW
Flowchart Step
VI or Program Step
Create Task in DAQ Assistant
Create a DAQmx Task Name Control located on the
Controls»All Controls»I/O»DAQmx Name Controls
subpalette, right-click it, and select New Task (DAQ
Assistant).
Create a Task
Programmatically
(optional)
DAQmx Create Task.vi located on the Functions»All
Functions»NI Measurements»DAQmx - Data Acquisition»
DAQmx Advanced Task Options subpalette—This VI is
optional if you created and configured the task using the DAQ
Assistant. However, if you use it in LabVIEW, any changes you
make to the task are not saved to a task in MAX.
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Table 5-5. Programming a Task in LabVIEW (Continued)
Flowchart Step
VI or Program Step
Create Virtual Channel(s)
DAQMX Create Virtual Channel.vi located on the
Functions»All Functions»NI Measurements»DAQmx - Data
Acquisition subpalette—Use this VI to add virtual channels to
the task. Select the type of virtual channel based on the
measurement you plan to perform.
Adjust Timing Settings
(optional)
DAQmx Timing.vi (Sample Clock by default)—This VI is
Configure Channels
(optional)
NI-DAQmx Channel Property Node, refer to the Using a
NI-DAQmx Channel Property Node in LabVIEW section for
more information. This step is optional if you created and fully
configured the channels using the DAQ Assistant. Any channel
modifications made with a channel property node are not saved
in the task in the DAQ Assistant. They are only available for the
present session.
Start Measurement
DAQmx Start Task.vi
Read Measurement
DAQmx Read.vi
Analyze Data
Some examples of data analysis include filtering, scaling,
harmonic analysis, or level checking. Some data analysis tools
are located on the Functions»Signal Analysis subpalette and on
the Functions»All Functions»Analyze subpalette.
Display Data
You can use graphical tools such as charts, gauges, and graphs
to display the data. Some display tools are located on the
Controls»All Controls»Numeric»Numeric Indicator
subpalette and Controls»All Controls»Graph subpalette.
Continue Sampling
For continuous sampling, use a While Loop. If you are using
hardware timing, you also need to set the DAQmx Timing.vi
sample mode to Continuous Samples. To do this, right-click the
terminal of the DAQmx Timing.vi labeled sample mode and
click Create»Constant. Click the box that appears and select
Continuous Samples.
© National Instruments Corporation
optional if you created and configured the task using the DAQ
Assistant. Any timing settings modified with this VI are not
saved in the DAQ Assistant. They are only available for the
present session.
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Table 5-5. Programming a Task in LabVIEW (Continued)
Flowchart Step
VI or Program Step
Stop Measurement
DAQmx Stop Task.vi (This VI is optional, clearing the task
automatically stops the task.)
Clear Task
DAQmx Clear Task.vi
Using a NI-DAQmx Channel Property Node in
LabVIEW
You can use property nodes in LabVIEW to manually configure the
channels. To create a LabVIEW property node, complete the following
steps:
1.
Launch LabVIEW.
2.
Create the property node in a new VI or in an existing VI.
3.
Open the block diagram view.
4.
From the Functions toolbox, select All Functions»NI
Measurements»DAQmx - Data Acquisition, and select DAQmx
Channel Property Node.
5.
The ActiveChans property is displayed by default. This allows you to
specify exactly what channel(s) you want to configure. If you want to
configure several channels with different properties, separate the lists
of properties with another Active Channels box and assign the
appropriate channel to each list of properties.
Note If you do not use Active Channels, the properties are set on all of the channels in
the task.
SCXI-1503 User Manual
6.
Right-click ActiveChans, and select Add Element. Left-click the new
ActiveChans box. Navigate through the menus, and select the
property you wish to define.
7.
Change the property to read or write to either get the property or write
a new value. Right-click the property, go to Change To, and select
Write, Read, or Default Value.
8.
After you have added the property to the property node, right-click the
terminal to change the attributes of the property, add a control,
constant, or indicator.
9.
To add another property to the property node, right-click an existing
property and left-click Add Element. To change the new property,
left-click it and select the property you wish to define.
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Refer to the LabVIEW Help for information about property nodes and specific
NI-DAQmx properties.
Note
Specifying Channel Strings in NI-DAQmx
Use the channel input of DAQmx Create Channel to specify the
SCXI-1503 channels. The input control/constant has a pull-down menu
showing all available external channels. The strings take one of the
following forms:
•
single device identifier/channel number—for example SC1Mod1/ai0
•
multiple, noncontinuous channels—for example SC1Mod1/ai0,
SC1Mod1/ai4.
•
multiple continuous channels—for example SC1Mod1/ai0:4
(channels 0 through 4)
When you have a task containing SCXI-1503 channels, you can set the
properties of the channels programmatically using the DAQmx Channel
Property Node.
Text Based ADEs
You can use text based ADEs such as LabWindows/CVI, Measurement
Studio, Visual Basic 6, .NET, and C# to create code for using the
SCXI-1503.
LabWindows/CVI
LabWindows/CVI works with the DAQ Assistant in MAX to generate
code for an voltage measurement task. You can then use the appropriate
function call to modify the task. To create a configurable channel or task in
LabWindows/CVI, complete the following steps:
1.
Launch LabWindows/CVI.
2.
Open a new or existing project.
3.
From the menu bar, select Tools»Create/Edit DAQmx Tasks.
4.
Choose Create New Task In MAX or Create New Task In Project
to load the DAQ Assistant.
5.
The DAQ Assistant creates the code for the task based on the
parameters you define in MAX and the device defaults. To change
a property of the channel programmatically, use the
DAQmxSetChanAttribute function.
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Note Refer to the NI LabWindows/CVI Help for more information on creating NI-DAQmx
tasks in LabWindows/CVI and NI-DAQmx property information.
Measurement Studio (Visual Basic 6, .NET, and C#)
When creating an voltage measurement task in Visual Basic 6, .NET and
C#, follow the general programming flow in Figure 5-1. You can then use
the appropriate function calls to modify the task. This example creates a
new task and configures an NI-DAQmx voltage measurement channel on
the SCXI-1503. You can use the same functions for Visual Basic 6, .NET
and C#.
The following text is a function prototype example:
void AIChannelCollection.CreateVoltageChannel(
System.String physicalChannelName,
System.String nameToAssignChannel,
System.Double minVal,
System.Double maxVal);
To actually create and configure the channel, you would enter something
resembling the following example code:
Task myTask = new
NationalInstruments.DAQmx.Task(“myTaskName”);
MyTask.DAQmxCreateAIVoltageChan (
“SC1Mod1/ai0”, // System.String physicalChannelName
“Voltage0”, // System.String nameToAssignChannel
-10.0, // System.Double minVal
10.0); // System.Double maxVal
// setting attributes after the channel is created
AIChannel myChannel = myTask.AIChannels[“Voltage0”];
myChannel.AutoZeroMode = kAutoZeroTypeOnce;
Modify the example code above or the code from one of the shipping
examples as needed to suit your application.
You can create and configure the voltage measurement task in MAX and
load it into your application with the function call
NationalInstruments.DAQmx.DaqSystem.Local.LoadTask.
Note
Refer to the NI Measurement Studio Help for more information on creating NI-DAQmx
tasks in LabWindows/CVI and NI-DAQmx property information.
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Programmable NI-DAQmx Properties
All of the different ADEs that configure the SCXI-1503 access an
underlying set of NI-DAQmx properties. Tables 5-1 through 5-4 provide a
list of some of the properties that configure the SCXI-1503. You can use
this list to determine what kind of properties you need to set to configure
the device for your application. For a complete list of NI-DAQmx
properties, refer to your ADE help file.
Note Tables 5-1 through 5-4 are not complete lists of NI-DAQmx properties and do not
include every property you may need to configure voltage measurements. It is a
representative sample of important properties to configure voltage measurements. For a
complete list of NI-DAQmx properties and more information on NI-DAQmx properties,
refer to your ADE help file.
Calibration
The SCXI-1503 is shipped with a calibration certificate and is calibrated at
the factory to the specifications described in Appendix A, Specifications.
Calibration constants are stored inside the calibration EEPROM and
provide software correction values your application development software
uses to correct the measurements for both offset and gain errors in the
module.
Internal/Self-Calibration
You can self-calibrate the SCXI-1503 in MAX by right-clicking the
module and selecting Self Calibrate. The NI-DAQmx Self Calibrate Device
function does the same. A self-calibration of the SCXI-1503 grounds all the
input channels and stores the resulting measurement as an offset correction
constant on the module. You should perform a self-calibration every time
you install the SCXI-1503 to a new system.
You should self-calibrate the connected DAQ device before self-calibrating the
SCXI-1503.
Note
External Calibration
If you have an accurate calibrator and DMM, you can externally calibrate
the SCXI-1503 gain and offset constants using NI-DAQmx functions. You
can also calibrate the 100 μA current excitation.
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The functions that are required for externally calibrating the SCXI-1503 are
available in NI-DAQmx 8.1 or later. Refer to the NI-DAQmx Help for
details about these functions.
Most external calibration documents for SCXI modules are available to
download from ni.com/calibration by clicking Manual Calibration
Procedures. For external calibration of modules not listed there, Basic
Calibration Service or Detailed Calibration Service is recommended. You
can get information about both of these calibration services from
ni.com/calibration. NI recommends performing an external
calibration once a year.
Performing an external calibration of the SCXI-1503 permanently overwrites the
factory calibration settings, which impacts the accuracy of the inputs.
Note
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A
Specifications
This appendix lists the specifications for the SCXI-1503 modules.
These specifications are typical at 25 °C unless otherwise noted.
Analog Input
Input Characteristics
Number of channels ............................... 16 differential
Input coupling ........................................ DC
Input signal ranges ................................. ±100 mV (gain = 100) or
±10 V (gain = 1)
Input overvoltage protection
Powered on ..................................... ±42 VDC
Powered off..................................... ±25 V
Inputs protected............................... AI<0..15>
CJ sensor input protection............... ±15 VDC powered on or off
Transfer Characteristics
Nonlinearity ........................................... 0.005% FSR
Input offset error (RTI)
Gain = 1
Calibrated 1 .............................. ±650 μV max
±250 μV typ
With autozero enabled 2 ........... ±300 μV max
±150 μV typ
1
2
Assumes 1,000 point average, 25 °C ±10 °C over one year.
Assumes 1,000 point average, ±1 °C of autozero temperature.
© National Instruments Corporation
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Appendix A
Specifications
Gain = 100
Calibrated1 ................................±25 μV max
±10 μV typ
With autozero enabled2 ............±10 μV max
±5 μV typ
Gain error (relative to calibration reference)
Gain = 1 or 100
Calibrated1 ................................0.074% of reading max
0.02% of reading typ
RTD Measurement Accuracy
Table A-1. RTD Measurement Accuracy
Measured
Temperature °C
100 Ω Max °C
100 Ω Typ °C
1000 Ω Max °C
1000 Ω Typ °C
–100 to 0
0.60
0.23
1.09
0.46
0 to 25
0.62
0.23
1.11
0.47
25 to 100
0.69
0.25
1.20
0.49
100 to 500
1.11
0.37
1.68
0.65
500 to 1200
2.06
0.65
2.81
1.04
Notes: The accuracies in this table reflect using the module in4-wire mode. They do not include errors from the RTD
including lead-wire errors when using 2- or 3-wire connection.
The accuracies assume auto-zero is enabled and the environmental conditions are 25 °C ±10 °C over a one year period.
These accuracies were computed using a standard RTD with a TCR of 3851.
Amplifier Characteristics
Input coupling.........................................DC
Input impedance
Normal powered on .........................>1 GΩ
Input bias current ....................................±2.8 nA
1
2
Assumes 1,000 point average, 25 °C ±10 °C over one year.
Assumes 1,000 point average, ±1 °C of autozero temperature.
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Appendix A
Specifications
CMRR characteristics (DC to 60 Hz)
Gain 1.............................................. –75 dB min
–90 dB typ
Gain 100.......................................... –106 dB min
–110 dB typ
Output range........................................... ±10 V
Output impedance .................................. 91 Ω
Dynamic Characteristics
Minimum scan interval (per channel, any gain)
±0.012% accuracy........................... 3 μs
±0.0061% accuracy......................... 10 μs
±0.0015% accuracy......................... 20 μs
Noise characteristics (RTI)
Gain = 1
10 Hz to 1 MHz .............................. 100 μVrms
Gain = 100
10 Hz to 1 MHz .............................. 1 μVrms
0.1 to 10 Hz..................................... 0.5 μVp-p
Filter
Cutoff frequency (–3 dB) ....................... 5 Hz
NMR (60 Hz) ......................................... –40 dB min
Step response characteristics (gain 1 or 100)
To 0.0015%..................................... 0.6 s
Stability
Recommended warm-up time ................ 20 min
Offset temperature coefficient
Gain = 1 .......................................... ±35 μV/°C max
±10 μV/°C typ
Gain = 100 ...................................... ±1.5 μV/°C max
±0.5 μV/°C typ
© National Instruments Corporation
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Appendix A
Specifications
Gain temperature coefficient
(gain 1 or 100) ........................................±15 ppm/°C max
±5 ppm/°C typ
Excitation
Channels .................................................16 single-ended outputs
Current output.........................................100 μA
Accuracy .................................................±0.05%
Temperature drift ....................................±5 ppm/°C
Output voltage compliance .....................10 V
Maximum resistive load .........................100 kΩ
Overvoltage protection ...........................±40 VDC
Measurement Category...........................CAT I
Power Requirements From SCXI Backplane
V+ ...........................................................18.5 to 25 VDC, 170 mA
V– ...........................................................–18.5 to –25 VDC, –170 mA
+5 V ........................................................+4.75 to 5.25 VDC, 50 mA
Environmental
Operating temperature ............................0 to 50 °C
Storage temperature ................................–20 to 70 °C
Humidity .................................................10 to 90% RH, noncondensing
Maximum altitude...................................2,000 meters
Pollution Degree (indoor use only) ........2
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Appendix A
Specifications
Physical
3.0 cm
(1.2 in.)
17.2 cm
(6.8 in.)
18.8 cm
(7.4 in.)
Figure A-1. SCXI-1503 Dimensions
Weight .................................................... 745 g (26.3 oz)
Maximum Working Voltage
Maximum working voltage refers to the signal voltage plus the
common-mode voltage.
Signal + common mode ......................... Each input should remain
within ±10 V of AI GND
© National Instruments Corporation
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Appendix A
Specifications
Safety
This product is designed to meet the requirements of the following
standards of safety for electrical equipment for measurement, control,
and laboratory use:
•
IEC 61010-1, EN-61010-1
•
UL 61010-1, CSA 61010-1
Note For UL and other safety certifications, refer to the product label or visit
ni.com/certification, search by model number or product line, and click the
appropriate link in the Certification column.
Electromagnetic Compatibility
This product is designed to meet the requirements of the following
standards of EMC for electrical equipment for measurement, control,
and laboratory use:
Note
•
EN 61326 EMC requirements; Minimum Immunity
•
EN 55011 Emissions; Group 1, Class A
•
CE, C-Tick, ICES, and FCC Part 15 Emissions; Class A
For EMC compliance, operate this device according to product documentation.
CE Compliance
This product meets the essential requirements of applicable European
Directives, as amended for CE marking, as follows:
•
73/23/EEC; Low-Voltage Directive (safety)
•
89/336/EEC; Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC)
Refer to the Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for this product for any additional
regulatory compliance information. To obtain the DoC for this product, visit
ni.com/certification, search by model number or product line, and click the
appropriate link in the Certification column.
Note
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
At the end of their life cycle, all products must be sent to a WEEE recycling
center. For more information about WEEE recycling centers and National Instruments
WEEE initiatives, visit ni.com/environment/weee.htm.
EU Customers
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Removing the SCXI-1503
B
This appendix explains how to remove the SCXI-1503 from MAX and an
SCXI chassis or PXI/SCXI combination chassis.
Removing the SCXI-1503 from MAX
To remove a module from MAX, complete the following steps after
launching MAX:
1.
Expand Devices and Interfaces.
2.
Click the + next to NI-DAQmx to expand the list of installed chassis.
3.
Click the + next to the appropriate chassis to expand the list of installed
modules.
4.
Right-click the module or chassis you want to delete and click Delete.
5.
A confirmation window opens. Click Yes to continue deleting the
module or chassis or No to cancel this action.
Deleting the SCXI chassis deletes all modules in the chassis. All configuration
information for these modules is also lost.
Note
The SCXI chassis and/or SCXI module(s) should now be removed from the
list of installed devices in MAX.
Removing the SCXI-1503 from a Chassis
Consult the documentation for the chassis and accessories for additional
instructions and precautions. To remove the SCXI-1503 module from a
chassis, complete the following steps while referring to Figure B-1:
1.
Power off the chassis. Do not remove the SCXI-1503 module from a
chassis that is powered on.
2.
If the SCXI-1503 is the module cabled to the E/M Series DAQ device,
disconnect the cable.
3.
Remove any terminal block that connects to the SCXI-1503.
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Appendix B
Removing the SCXI-1503
4.
Rotate the thumbscrews that secure the SCXI-1503 to the chassis
counterclockwise until they are loose, but do not completely remove
the thumbscrews.
Remove the SCXI-1503 by pulling steadily on both thumbscrews until the
module slides completely out.
6
5
1
5
4
3
2
1
4
SC
MA
INF
ADDRESS
®
XI
RA
ME
SC
XI
11
00
2
3
1
2
Cable
SCXI Module Thumbscrews
3
4
SCXI-1503
Terminal Block
5
6
SCXI Chassis Power Switch
SCXI Chassis
Figure B-1. Removing the SCXI-1503
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C
Common Questions
This appendix lists common questions related to the use of the SCXI-1503.
Which version of NI-DAQ works with the SCXI-1503, and how do I get
the most current version of NI-DAQ?
You must have NI-DAQ 8.1 or later. Visit the NI Web site at ni.com and
select Download Software»Drivers and Updates»Search Drivers and
Updates. Enter the keyword NI-DAQ to find the latest version of NI-DAQ
for your operating system.
I cannot correctly test and verify that my SCXI-1503 is working. What
should I do?
Unfortunately, there is always the chance that one or more components in
the system are not operating correctly. You may have to call or email a
technical support representative. The technical support representative often
suggests troubleshooting measures. If requesting technical support by
phone, have the system nearby so you can try these measures immediately.
NI contact information is listed in the Technical Support Information
document.
Can the SCXI-1503 current outputs be interactively controlled in
MAX or programmatically controlled using NI-DAQ function calls,
LabVIEW, or Measurement Studio?
No. The current-output level is 100 μA as long as the chassis is powered on.
You cannot power off or adjust the current output using MAX, NI-DAQ
function calls, or an ADE such as LabVIEW or Measurement Studio. If you
require this functionality, consider using an SCXI-1124 module or NI 670X
device instead.
How can I ground a floating voltage measurement?
You can use the IEX– terminal of each channel as a ground reference. Refer
to the SCXI-1306 Terminal Block Installation Guide for details about using
the SCXI-1306 DIP switches to control ground referencing.
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Appendix C
Common Questions
Can I connect N current-output channels in parallel to create a
precision current source that provides N × 100 μA?
Yes, you can connect the current output in parallel. When connecting the
output in parallel, connect the appropriate IEX+ terminals together and the
corresponding IEX– terminals together.
Can I connect N current-output channels in series to achieve a higher
terminal-voltage compliance limit?
No. Each current source is ground referenced. Therefore, you cannot place
multiple current-outputs in series.
Are the SCXI-1503 channels isolated with respect to each other, the
E/M Series DAQ device, or ground?
No. The SCXI-1503 does not contain any isolation circuitry. If you require
isolation, consider the SCXI-1124 or SCXI-1125 module instead.
Can I modify the SCXI-1503 circuitry to generate current at a level
different than 100 μA?
No. Do not attempt to modify any circuitry in the SCXI-1503.
Are there any user-serviceable parts inside the SCXI-1503?
No. There are no fuses, potentiometers, switches, socketed resistors, or
jumpers inside the module. Disassembly of the module for any reason can
void its warranty and nullify its accuracy specification.
Can I access the unused analog-input channels of the E/M Series DAQ
device if it is directly cabled to the SCXI-1503 in a single-chassis
system?
Yes. E/M Series DAQ device channels 1 through 7 are available to measure
unconditioned signals. Use an SCXI-1180 or the 50-pin breakout connector
on the SCXI-1346 or SCXI-1349 cable adapter to route signals to these
channels.
Which digital lines are unavailable on the E/M Series DAQ device if I
am cabled to an SCXI-1503 module?
Table 2-4 shows the digital lines that are used by the SCXI-1503 for
communication and scanning. These lines are unavailable for
general-purpose digital I/O if the SCXI-1503 is connected to the
E/M Series DAQ device.
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Appendix C
Common Questions
Does short-circuiting a current-output channel do any damage to the
SCXI-1503?
No. The SCXI-1503 delivers 100 μA into any load from 0 Ω to 100 kΩ.
Does open-circuiting a current-output channel damage the
SCXI-1503? What is the open-circuit voltage level?
No. An SCXI-1503 current-output channel is not damaged if no load is
connected. The open-circuit voltage is 12.4 VDC.
© National Instruments Corporation
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Glossary
Symbol
Prefix
Value
µ
micro
10 – 6
m
milli
10 –3
k
kilo
10 3
M
mega
10 6
Numbers/Symbols
%
percent
+
positive of, or plus
–
negative of, or minus
±
plus or minus
<
less than
/
per
°
degree
Ω
ohms
+5 V (signal)
+5 VDC source signal
A
A
amperes
ADE
application development environment such as LabVIEW,
LabWindows/CVI, Visual Basic, C, and C++
AI
analog input
AI GND
analog input ground signal
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Glossary
B
bit
one binary digit, either 0 or 1
C
CE
European emissions control standard
C GND
chassis ground signal
channel
pin or wire lead to which you apply, or from which you read, an analog or
digital signal. Analog signals can be single-ended or differential. For digital
signals, channels (also known as lines) are grouped to form ports.
chassis
the enclosure that houses, powers, and controls SCXI modules
CLK
clock input signal
common-mode voltage
voltage that appears on both inputs of a differential amplifier
current excitation
a source that supplies the current needed by a sensor for its proper operation
D
D/A
digital-to-analog
D*/A
Data/Address
DAQ
data acquisition—(1) collecting and measuring electrical signals from
sensors, transducers, and test probes or fixtures and processing the
measurement data using a computer; (2) collecting and measuring the same
kinds of electrical signals with A/D and/or DIO devices plugged into a
computer, and possibly generating control signals with D/A and/or DIO
devices in the same computer
DAQ device
a data acquisition device. Examples are E/M Series data acquisition devices
DAQ D*/A
the data acquisition device data/address line signal used to indicate whether
the SER DAT IN pulse train transmitted to the SCXI chassis contains data
or address information
device
a plug-in data acquisition device, module, card, or pad that can contain
multiple channels and conversion devices. SCXI modules are distinct from
devices, with the exception of the SCXI-1200, which is a hybrid.
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Glossary
D GND
digital ground signal
differential amplifier
an amplifier with two input terminals, neither of which are tied to a ground
reference, whose voltage difference is amplified
DIN
Deutsche Industrie Norme (German Industrial Standard)
DIO
digital input/output
DoC
Declaration of Conformity
drivers/driver
software
software that controls a specific hardware device such as an E/M Series
DAQ device
E
EMC
electromagnetic compliance
EMI
electromagnetic interference
excitation
a voltage or current source used to energize a sensor or circuit
EXT CLK
external clock signal
G
gain
the factor by which a signal is amplified, sometimes expressed in decibels
I
ID
identifier
IEX+
positive excitation channel
IEX–
negative excitation channel
in.
inch or inches
input impedance
the measured resistance and capacitance between the input terminals of a
circuit
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Glossary
J
jumper
a small rectangular device used to connect two adjacent posts on a circuit
board. Jumpers are used on some SCXI modules and terminal blocks to
either select certain parameters or enable/disable circuit functionality.
L
lead resistance
the small resistance of a lead wire. The resistance varies with the lead
length and ambient temperature. If the lead wire carries excitation current,
this varying resistance can cause measurement error.
M
m
meters
M
(1) Mega, the standard metric prefix for 1 million or 106, when used with
units of measure such as volts and hertz; (2) mega, the prefix for 1,048,576,
or 220, when used with B to quantify data or computer memory
MISO
master-in-slave-out signal
MOSI
master-out-slave-in signal
multiplex
to route one of many input signals to a single output
multiplexed mode
an SCXI operating mode in which analog input channels are multiplexed
into one module output so that the cabled E/M Series DAQ device has
access to the multiplexed output of the module as well as the outputs of all
other multiplexed modules in the chassis
N
NC
not connected (signal)
NI-DAQ
the driver software needed in order to use National Instruments E/M Series
DAQ devices and SCXI components
NI-DAQmx
The latest NI-DAQ driver with new VIs, functions, and development tools
for controlling measurement devices.
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Glossary
O
output voltage
compliance
the largest voltage that can be generated across the output of a current
source without the current going out of specification
OUT REF
output reference signal
P
ppm
parts per million
PXI
PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation—an open specification that builds on
the CompactPCI specification by adding instrumentation-specific features
R
RL
lead resistance
RMA
Return Material Authorization
RSVD
reserved bit, pin, or signal
RTD
resistance-temperature detector
S
s
seconds
S
samples
scan
one or more analog samples taken at the same time, or nearly the same time.
Typically, the number of input samples in a scan is equal to the number of
channels in the input group. For example, one scan, acquires one new
sample from every analog input channel in the group.
SCAN CLK
scan clock signal used to increment to the next channel after each
E/M Series DAQ device analog-to-digital conversion
SCXI
Signal Conditioning eXtensions for Instrumentation
SCXIbus
located in the rear of an SCXI chassis, the SCXIbus is the backplane that
connects modules in the same chassis to each other
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Glossary
sensor
a type of transducer that converts a physical phenomenon into an electrical
signal
SER CLK
serial clock signal used to synchronize digital data transfers over the
SER DAT IN and SER DAT OUT lines
SER DAT IN
serial data input signal
SER DAT OUT
serial data output signal
signal conditioning
the manipulation of signals to prepare them for digitizing
Slot 0
refers to the power supply and control circuitry in the SCXI chassis
SLOT 0 SEL
slot 0 select signal
SPI CLK
serial peripheral interface clock signal
T
thermistor
a thermally sensitive resistor
Traditional NI-DAQ
(Legacy)
An upgrade to the earlier version of NI-DAQ. Traditional NI-DAQ
(Legacy) has the same VIs and functions and works the same way as
NI-DAQ 6.9.x. You can use both Traditional NI-DAQ (Legacy) and
NI-DAQmx on the same computer, which is not possible with NI-DAQ
6.9.x.
transducer
a device capable of converting energy from one form to another
U
UL
Underwriters Laboratory
V
V
volts
VAC
volts, alternating current
VDC
volts, direct current
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Glossary
VI
virtual instrument—(1) a combination of hardware and/or software
elements, typically used with a PC, that has the functionality of a classic
stand-alone instrument; (2) a LabVIEW software module (VI), which
consists of a front panel user interface and a block diagram program
virtual channels
channel names that can be defined outside the application and used without
having to perform scaling operations
W
W
watts
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Index
Numerics
C
2-wire configuration of resistive devices, 2-4
3-wire resistive sensor
connected in 2-wire configuration, 2-5
lead-resistance compensation
with two matched current sources, 2-6
4-wire configuration of resistive devices, 2-3
cables, custom, 2-1
calibration, SCXI-1503, 5-13
CE compliance specifications, A-6
channel properties, configuring, 5-4
channels, voltage measurement flowchart
(figure), 5-2
circuitry
analog, 4-3
digital control, 4-3
CJC source/value, 3-2
common questions, C-1
common software-configurable settings
CJC source/value, 3-2
gain/input range, 3-1
configuration, 3-1
channel properties, 5-4
SCXI-1503
common software settings, 3-1
settings in MAX
NI-DAQmx, 3-3
creating a global channel or
task, 3-3
verifying signal, 3-4
NI-DAQmx, 3-4
configuration and testing, 3-1
configuration settings, gain/input range, 3-1
configuring channel properties, 5-4
connecting resistive devices to SCXI-1503, 2-2
2-wire configuration, 2-4
3-wire resistive sensor connected in 2-wire
configuration, 2-5
4-wire configuration, 2-3
lead-resistance compensation
using 3-wire resistive sensor
and two matched current
sources, 2-6
A
adjusting timing and triggering, 5-3
AI 0 signal, multiplexing, 2-11
amplifier characteristics specifications, A-2
analog circuitry
analog input channels, 4-3
CJ SENSOR, 4-3
analog input channels, 4-3
analog input signal connections, 2-1
ground-referencing of signals, 2-2
analog input signals, multiplexed, 4-4
analog input specifications, A-1
amplifier characteristics, A-2
dynamic characteristics, A-3
input characteristics, A-1
transfer characteristics, A-1
applications
developing in NI-DAQmx, 5-1
acquiring, analyzing, and
presenting, 5-7
completing, 5-8
LabVIEW, 5-8
program flowchart (figure), 5-2
programmable properties, 5-13
specifying channel strings, 5-11
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Index
L
conventions used in the manual, iv
creating a task
DAQ Assistant, 5-3
programmatically, 5-3
current output channels, questions
about, C-1, C-3
current sources, operating, 4-4
custom cables, 2-1
LabVIEW
developing an application, 5-8
programming a task (table), 5-8
using a NI-DAQmx channel property
node, 5-10
LabWindows/CVI
creating code for using SCXI-1503, 5-11
D
M
DAQ Assistant, creating a task, 5-3
DAQ device
accessing unused analog input
channels, C-2
DAQ devices
unavailable digital lines, C-2
digital control circuitry, 4-3
dynamic characteristics specifications, A-3
maximum working voltage specifications, A-5
Measurement & Automation Explorer
configurable settings, 3-2
removing the SCXI-1503, B-1
measurement properties, NI-DAQmx
RTD (table), 5-5
thermistor (table), 5-6
thermocouple (table), 5-7
voltage (table), 5-4
Measurement Studio
creating code for using SCXI-1503, 5-12
multiplexed mode operation
theory, 4-4
multiplexing
analog input signals, 4-4
SCXI-1503, 4-4
with AI 0 signal, 2-11
E
E/M Series DAQ devices, 4-4
electromagnetic compatibility
specifications, A-6
environment specifications, A-4
excitation specifications, A-4
F
filters specifications, A-3
front connector
pin assignments (table), 2-8
N
NI-DAQ version required, C-1
NI-DAQmx
configurable settings, 3-3
developing applications, 5-1
acquiring, analyzing, and
presenting, 5-7
adjusting timing and triggering, 5-3
completing, 5-8
configuring channel properties, 5-4
LabVIEW, 5-8
G
gain/input range, configuration, 3-1
I
input characteristics specifications, A-1
installation into SCXI chassis, 1-4
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Index
lead-resistance compensation
using 3-wire resistive sensor and
two matched current sources, 2-6
RTD
measurement properties (table), 5-5
RTDs (resistive-temperature detectors)
measurement errors, 4-6
overview, 4-5
relationship between resistance and
temperature, 4-6
resistance-temperature curve (figure), 4-7
NI-DAQmx channel property
node, 5-10
program flowchart (figure), 5-2
programmable properties, 5-13
specifying channel strings, 5-11
RTD measurement properties (table), 5-5
thermistor measurement properties
(table), 5-6
thermocouple measurement properties
(table), 5-7
voltage measurement properties
(table), 5-4
S
O
safety specifications, A-6
SCXI-1503
calibration, 5-13
common questions, C-1
common software settings, 3-1
communication signals (table), 2-11
configuration settings, 3-1
major components, 4-3
measurements, 3-3
multiplexing, 4-4
removing (figure), B-2
removing from SCXI chassis, B-1
taking measurements. See measurements
using
LabWindows/CVI to create
code, 5-11
Measurement Studio to create
code, 5-12
SCXIbus
connector, 4-3
interface, 4-3
self-test verification, troubleshooting, C-1
signal connections
analog input, 2-1
front connector
pin assignments (table), 2-8
operation of current sources, 4-4
P
physical specifications, A-5
pin assignments
front connector (table), 2-8
power requirements from SCXI
backplane, A-4
Q
questions and answers, C-1
R
rear signal connector, 4-3
descriptions, 2-11
removing the SCXI-1503
from Measurement & Automation
Explorer, B-1
resistive devices, connecting to SCXI-1503
2-wire configuration, 2-4
3-wire resistive sensor connected to
2-wire configuration, 2-5
4-wire configuration, 2-3
© National Instruments Corporation
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SCXI-1503 User Manual
Index
resistance temperature curve
(figure), 4-7
thermistors
measurement circuits, 4-11
overview, 4-10
resistance/temperature
characteristics, 4-12
resistance-temperature curve
(figure), 4-11
theory of multiplexed operation, 4-4
theory of operation
analog circuitry, 4-3
digital circuitry, 4-3
rear signal connector, 4-3
SCXIbus connector, 4-3
SCXIbus interface, 4-3
theory of multiplexed operation, 4-4
thermistor, measurement properties
(table), 5-6
thermistors
measurement circuits, 4-11
overview, 4-10
resistance/temperature
characteristics, 4-12
resistance-temperature curve
(figure), 4-11
thermocouple, measurement properties
(table), 5-7
timing and triggering, adjusting, 5-3
transfer characteristics specifications, A-1
troubleshooting
incorrect test and verification, C-1
signals
verifying, 3-4
NI-DAQmx, 3-4
software, NI-DAQ version required, C-1
specifications
analog input, A-1
CE compliance, A-6
electromagnetic compatibility, A-6
environment, A-4
excitation, A-4
filters, A-3
maximum working voltage, A-5
physical, A-5
power requirements from SCXI
backplane, A-4
safety, A-6
stability, A-3
specifying channel strings in
NI-DAQmx, 5-11
stability specifications, A-3
T
taking measurements. See measurements
temperature measurement with resistive
transducers, 4-5
connecting resistive devices to
SCXI-1503, 2-2
2-wire configuration, 2-4
3-wire resistive sensor connected in
2-wire configuration, 2-5
4-wire configuration, 2-3
lead resistance compensation
using 3-wire resistive sensor and two
matched current sources, 2-6
RTDs
measurement errors, 4-6
overview, 4-5
relationship between resistance and
temperature, 4-6
SCXI-1503 User Manual
V
verifying
signal, 3-4
NI-DAQmx, 3-4
troubleshooting, C-1
Visual Basic
creating code for the SCXI-1503, 5-11
I-4
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