NEC Express5800/120Rh-1 User's Guide

NEC Express5800/120Rh-1 User's Guide
N8100-1390F/1391F/1392F/1438F
N8100-1396F/1397F/1398F/1439F/1405F
NEC Express5800/120Rh-1
User's Guide
3rd Edition
2-2008
ONL-510_002_03-120Rh1-100-99-0801
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Since implementation by customers of each product may vary, the suitability of specific product
configurations and applications must be determined by the customer and is not warranted by NEC.
To allow for design and specification improvements, the information in this document is subject to
change at any time, without notice. Reproduction of this document or portions thereof without prior
written approval of NEC is prohibited.
First Printing, December 2007
Second Printing, January 2008
Third Printing, February 2008
Copyright 2007, 2008
NEC Corporation
7-1 Shiba 5-Chome, Minato-Ku
Tokyo 108-8001, Japan
All Rights Reserved
Printed in Japan
Keep this User's Guide at hand for quick reference at anytime necessary.
SAFETY INDICATIONS
Follow the instructions in this User's Guide for your safety to use the server.
The server contains components with possible danger, hazards that may cause by ignoring warnings,
and preventive actions against such hazards.
Server components with possible danger are indicated with a warning label placed on or around them
as well as described in this User's Guide.
In the User's Guide or warning labels, "WARNING" or "CAUTION" is used to indicate a degree of
danger. These terms are defined as follows:
WARNING
CAUTION
Indicates the presence of a hazard that may result in death or serious
personal injury if the instruction is ignored.
Indicates the presence of a hazard that may cause minor personal injury,
including burns, or property damage if the instruction is ignored.
Precautions and notices against hazards are presented with one of the following three symbols. The
individual symbols are defined as follows:
This symbol indicates the presence of a hazard if the instruction is ignored.
An image in the symbol illustrates the hazard type. (Attention)
This symbol indicates prohibited actions. An image in the symbol illustrates a particular
prohibited action. (Prohibited Action)
This symbol indicates mandatory actions. An image in the symbol illustrates a
mandatory action to avoid a particular hazard. (Mandatory Action)
(Example)
Symbol to draw attention
Term indicating a degree of danger
CAUTION
Hot surface
Immediately after the server is powered off, its internal components such as
hard disk drives are very hot. Leave the server until its internal components
fully cool down before installing/removing any component.
Symbol indicating a prohibited
action (may not always be
indicated)
Description of a danger
SYMBOLS USED IN THIS USER'S GUIDE AND WARNING
LABELS
Attentions
Indicates that improper use may cause an electric shock.
Indicates that improper use may cause personal injury.
Indicates that improper use may cause explosion or burst.
Indicates that improper use may cause fingers to be caught.
Indicates that improper use may cause personal injury.
Indicates that improper use may cause fumes or fire.
Indicates a general notice or warning that cannot be specifically identified.
Prohibited Actions
Do not disassemble, repair, or modify the server. Otherwise, an electric shock or fire
may be caused.
Keep water or liquid away from the server. Otherwise, an electric shock or a fire may
be caused.
Do not touch the server components with wet hand. Otherwise, an electric shock may
be caused.
Do not place the server near a fire. Otherwise, a fire may be caused.
Do not touch any other component than specified. Otherwise, an electric shock or burn
may be caused.
Indicates a general prohibited action that cannot be specifically identified.
Mandatory Action
Unplug the power cord of the server. Otherwise, an electric shock or fire may be
caused.
Be sure to provide earthing. Otherwise, an electric shock or fire may be caused.
Indicates a mandatory action that cannot be specifically identified. Make sure to follow
the instruction.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial
environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful
interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
CE Statement
Warning: This is a Class A product. In domestic environment this product may cause radio
interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures (EN55022).
BSMI Statement
Notes:
(1) No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form without the prior written permission of
NEC Corporation.
(2) The contents of this User's Guide may be revised without prior notice.
(3) The contents of this User's Guide shall not be copied or altered without the prior written
permission of NEC Corporation.
(4) All efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of all information in this User's Guide. If
you notice any part unclear, incorrect, or omitted in this User's Guide, contact the sales agent
where you purchased this product.
(5) NEC assumes no liability arising from the use of this product, nor any liability for incidental or
consequential damages arising from the use of this User's Guide regardless of Item (4).
(6) If you find any missing pages or pages out of order in this manual, please contact your dealer
for a replacement.
Trademarks
NEC ESMPRO and NEC EXPRESSBUILDER are trademarks of NEC Corporation.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in
the United States and other countries.
Intel, Pentium, and Xeon are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation.
PCI Express is a trademark of Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group.
Datalight is a registered trademark of Datalight, Inc.
ROM-DOS is a registered trademark of Datalight, Inc.
AT is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States and other countries.
Adaptec and its logo is a registered trademark of Adaptec, Inc. of United States.
SCSISelect is a trademark of Adaptec, Inc. of the United States.
LSI, the LSI logo design, iBBU, MegaRAID, and WebBIOS are trademarks or registered trademarks of LSI Corporation of
United States.
Adobe, Adobe logo, and Acrobat are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
DLT and DLTtape are trademarks of Quantum Corporation of the United States.
AVOCENT and DVC (Dambrackas Video Compression) are registered trademarks or trademarks of AVOCENT in the
United States and other countries.
All other product, brand, or trade names used in this publication are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective trademark owners.
Windows Vista stands for Microsoft® Windows Vista® Business operating system. Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions
stands for Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003 R2, Standard x64 Edition Operating system and Microsoft® Windows®
Server 2003 R2, Enterprise x64 Edition operating system, or Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003, Standard x64 Edition
operating system and Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition operating system. Windows Server 2003
stands for Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003 R2, Standard Edition operating system and Microsoft® Windows® Server
2003 R2, Enterprise Edition operating system, or Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003, Standard Edition operating system
and Microsoft® Windows® Server 2003, Enterprise Edition operating system. Windows XP x64 Edition stands for
Microsoft® Windows® XP Professional x64 Edition operating system. Windows XP stands for Microsoft® Windows® XP
Home Edition operating system and Microsoft® Windows® XP Professional operating system. Windows 2000 stands for
Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Server operating system and Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Advanced Server operating system,
and Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Professional operating system. Windows NT stands for Microsoft® Windows NT® Server
network operating system version 3.51/4.0 and Microsoft® Windows NT® Workstation operating system version 3.51/4.0.
Windows Me stands for Microsoft® Windows® Millennium Edition operating system. Windows 98 stands for Microsoft®
Windows®98 operating system. Windows 95 stands for Microsoft® Windows®95 operating system. WinPE stands for
Microsoft® Windows® Preinstallation Environment.
Momentary voltage drop prevention:
This product may be affected by a momentary voltage drop caused by lightning. To prevent a
momentary voltage drop, an AC uninterruptible power supply (UPS) unit should be used.
i
PREFACE
Welcome to the NEC Express5800/120Rh-1 server.
The NEC Express5800 server holds powerful performance and employs the latest technology to
implement a computer for the next generation. With its potential capabilities, the server may be used
as the workstation PC that configures a client-server system and provides high-speed processing and
superior reliability.
Read this User's Guide thoroughly to fully understand handling of the server and appreciate its
functions to the maximum extent.
ii
ABOUT THIS USER'S GUIDE
This User's Guide is a guide for proper setup and use of the server.
This User's Guide also covers useful procedures for dealing with difficulties and problems that may
arise during setup or operation of the server.
Keep this manual for future use.
The following describes how to proceed with this User's Guide.
How to Use This User's Guide
To aid you in finding information quickly, this User's Guide contains the following information:
Chapter 1 Notes on Using Your Server
includes information that needs attention to use the server. Make sure to read this chapter
before setting up and using the server. It also includes requirements and advisory information
for transfer and disposal of the server.
Chapter 2 General Description
includes information necessary to use the server, such as names and functions of its
components, handling of the optical disk drive.
Chapter 3 Setting Up Your Server
tells you how to select a site, unpack the system, assemble the rack-mount subsystem, make
cable connections, and power on your system.
Chapter 4 Configuring Your Server
tells you how to configure the system and provides instructions for running the BIOS SETUP
Utility and the RAID Configuration utility, which is used to configure RAID System in your
system. This chapter also provides information on mother board jumper settings.
Chapter 5 Installing the Operating System with Express Setup
describes how to install the operating system.
Chapter 6 Installing and Using Utilities
describes how to install the utilities for the server. It also includes a description on using the
attached "NEC EXPRESSBUILDER" DVD.
Chapter 7 Maintenance
provides you with all the information necessary to maintain successful operation of the server.
This chapter also includes a description on relocating and storing the server.
Chapter 8 Troubleshooting
contains helpful information for solving problems that might occur with your system.
Chapter 9 Upgrading Your Server
provides you with instructions for upgrading your system with an additional processor, optional
memory, optional add-in cards, hard disk drives, peripheral devices, and power supply.
Appendix A Specification
provides specifications for your server.
Appendix B Other Precautions
provides supplementary notes on using the server.
iii
Appendix C IRQ and I/O Port Address
provides a list of factory-set IRQs and I/O port addresses assigned.
Appendix D Installing Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions
describes how to install Microsoft Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions without using Express
Setup. Using the Express Setup tool is recommended for installing Windows Server 2003 x64
Editions. See Chapter 5 for details.
Appendix E Installing Windows Server 2003
describes how to install Microsoft Windows Server 2003 without using Express Setup. Using
the Express Setup tool is recommended for installing Windows Server 2003. See Chapter 5 for
details.
Appendix F Using a Client Computer Which Has a CD Drive
describes how to install the management software of EXPRESSBUILDER to the client
computer without the DVD drive.
Appendix G Product Configuration Record Table
provides a table to be filled with your server configuration.
Text Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this User's Guide. For safety symbols, see
"SAFETY INDICATIONS" provided earlier.
IMPORTANT:
Items that are mandatory or require attention when using the server
NOTE:
Helpful and convenient piece of information
IN THE PACKAGE
The carton contains various accessories, as well as the server itself. See the packing list or "Getting
Started" guide to make sure that you have everything and that individual components are not
damaged. If you find any component missing or damaged, contact your service representative.
iv
CONTENTS
Preface ..............................................................................................................................................i
About This User's Guide..................................................................................................................ii
In the Package................................................................................................................................ iii
Chapter 1 Notes on Using Your Server ........................................................................ 1-1
Warning Labels ............................................................................................................................ 1-2
Safety Notes................................................................................................................................. 1-3
General .................................................................................................................................... 1-3
Power Supply and Power Cord Use......................................................................................... 1-5
Rack......................................................................................................................................... 1-6
Installation, Relocation, Storage, and Connection................................................................... 1-7
Cleaning and Working with Internal Devices .......................................................................... 1-9
During Operation................................................................................................................... 1-10
For Proper Operation ..................................................................................................................1-11
Transfer to Third Party............................................................................................................... 1-13
Disposal and Consumables ........................................................................................................ 1-14
User Support .............................................................................................................................. 1-15
Chapter 2 General Description ..................................................................................... 2-1
Overview...................................................................................................................................... 2-2
External View .......................................................................................................................... 2-3
Front View with Front Bezel Closed ....................................................................................... 2-4
Front View with Front Bezel Removed ................................................................................... 2-5
Rear View ................................................................................................................................ 2-6
Internal View ........................................................................................................................... 2-8
Mother Board .........................................................................................................................2-11
Status Indicators......................................................................................................................... 2-12
POWER LED ....................................................................................................................... 2-12
STATUS LED ....................................................................................................................... 2-12
DISK ACCESS LED ............................................................................................................ 2-14
ACT LED ............................................................................................................................. 2-14
UID LED (UID) .................................................................................................................... 2-14
Disk Access LED................................................................................................................... 2-14
Hard Disk Drive LED............................................................................................................ 2-15
LAN Connector LEDs ........................................................................................................... 2-17
AC POWER LED (Redundant Power Supply Model) .......................................................... 2-18
Standard Features....................................................................................................................... 2-19
Remote Management Feature................................................................................................ 2-20
Degradation Feature .............................................................................................................. 2-21
Memory RAS Features .......................................................................................................... 2-21
Remote Power-On Feature (Wake On LAN)......................................................................... 2-21
AC-Link Feature.................................................................................................................... 2-21
System Security ..................................................................................................................... 2-22
v
NEC EXPRESSBUILDER.........................................................................................................2-23
NEC ESMPRO ...........................................................................................................................2-24
Maintenance Tools......................................................................................................................2-24
System Diagnostic Utility...........................................................................................................2-24
NEC DianaScope........................................................................................................................2-24
Using Your Server.......................................................................................................................2-25
Front Bezel .............................................................................................................................2-25
POWER Switch......................................................................................................................2-27
Identification of Servers ~ UID Switch ~...............................................................................2-32
Optical Disk Drive .................................................................................................................2-33
Chapter 3 Setting Up Your Server ................................................................................ 3-1
Setup Flow....................................................................................................................................3-2
Selecting Server Site.....................................................................................................................3-3
Installing the Server......................................................................................................................3-5
Connecting Peripheral Devices...................................................................................................3-17
Connecting Power Cord..............................................................................................................3-19
Turning On the Server ................................................................................................................3-21
Installing Operating System .......................................................................................................3-22
Installing Utilities .......................................................................................................................3-22
Making Backup Copies of System Information..........................................................................3-22
Chapter 4 Configuring Your Server.............................................................................. 4-1
System BIOS (SETUP) ................................................................................................................4-1
Starting SETUP Utility.............................................................................................................4-2
Description on On-Screen Items and Key Usage .....................................................................4-3
Menu and Parameter Descriptions ...........................................................................................4-4
RAID System Configuration ......................................................................................................4-23
RAID......................................................................................................................................4-23
Configuration by Onboard RAID Controller (3.5-inch Disk Model).....................................4-29
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility and Universal RAID Utility................................4-44
Configuration by Internal RAID Controller (2.5-inch Disk Model) ......................................4-47
Before Using WebBIOS .........................................................................................................4-52
Using WebBIOS .....................................................................................................................4-54
Configuring Virtual Disk........................................................................................................4-67
Operation of Various Features ................................................................................................4-85
WebBIOS and Universal RAID Utility ..................................................................................4-95
Configuring Mother Board Jumpers ...........................................................................................4-98
Chapter 5 Installing the Operating System with Express Setup............................... 5-1
About Express Setup ....................................................................................................................5-2
Microsoft Windows Server 2003 ..................................................................................................5-3
Notes on Windows Installation.................................................................................................5-3
Flow of Setup ...............................................................................................................................5-9
Installing the Windows Server 2003...........................................................................................5-10
vi
Installing and Setting Device Drivers ........................................................................................ 5-19
PROSet .................................................................................................................................. 5-19
Network Driver...................................................................................................................... 5-21
Optional Network Board Driver ............................................................................................ 5-23
Adapter Fault Tolerance (AFT)/Adaptive Load Balancing (ALB)........................................ 5-24
Graphics Accelerator Driver.................................................................................................. 5-25
SCSI Controller Driver (N8103-75/95/107) .......................................................................... 5-26
Installing SAS Controller Driver (N8103-104) ..................................................................... 5-26
Available switch options for Windows Server 2003 Boot.ini file.......................................... 5-27
Setting for Solving Problems ..................................................................................................... 5-28
Memory Dump (Debug Information) .................................................................................... 5-28
Windows Dr. Watson ............................................................................................................. 5-31
Network Monitor ................................................................................................................... 5-32
Installing Maintenance Utilities ................................................................................................. 5-33
Updating the System – Installing Service Pack – ...................................................................... 5-33
Making Backup Copies of System Information......................................................................... 5-34
Installing with the OEM-FD for Mass Storage Device.......................................................... 5-35
Chapter 6 Installing and Using Utilities ....................................................................... 6-1
NEC EXPRESSBUILDER .......................................................................................................... 6-2
Autorun Menu ......................................................................................................................... 6-6
Parameter File Creator ................................................................................................................. 6-7
Parameter File.......................................................................................................................... 6-8
NEC ESMPRO .......................................................................................................................... 6-18
Functions and Features .......................................................................................................... 6-18
NEC DianaScope ....................................................................................................................... 6-19
Universal RAID Utility.............................................................................................................. 6-20
Setup with Express Setup ...................................................................................................... 6-20
Manual Setup......................................................................................................................... 6-21
Using Universal RAID Utility via Network .......................................................................... 6-22
Easy Configuration................................................................................................................ 6-22
Creating Logical Drive of RAID 6 ........................................................................................ 6-22
Chapter 7 Maintenance.................................................................................................. 7-1
Making Backup Copies................................................................................................................ 7-1
Cleaning....................................................................................................................................... 7-2
Cleaning the Server ................................................................................................................. 7-3
Cleaning the Interior................................................................................................................ 7-4
Cleaning the Keyboard/Mouse ................................................................................................ 7-5
Cleaning Disc .......................................................................................................................... 7-6
System Diagnostics...................................................................................................................... 7-7
Test Items ................................................................................................................................ 7-7
Startup and Exit of System Diagnostics .................................................................................. 7-8
Relocating/Storing The Server....................................................................................................7-11
vii
Chapter 8 Troubleshooting ........................................................................................... 8-1
System Viewers ............................................................................................................................8-2
LEDs.............................................................................................................................................8-3
Error Messages .............................................................................................................................8-4
Error Messages after Power-on ................................................................................................8-4
POST Error Messages ..............................................................................................................8-5
Beep Codes...............................................................................................................................8-9
Error Messages on Virtual LCD .............................................................................................8-10
Solving Problems........................................................................................................................8-13
Problems with the Server .......................................................................................................8-13
Problems with RAID System and RAID Controller ..............................................................8-20
Problems with Windows.........................................................................................................8-22
Problems with NEC EXPRESSBUILDER ............................................................................8-27
Problems with Express Setup .................................................................................................8-28
Problems with Windows Autorun Menu ................................................................................8-29
Collecting Dr. Watson Diagnostic Information...........................................................................8-30
Memory Dump ...........................................................................................................................8-30
Preparing for Memory Dumping............................................................................................8-30
Saving the Dump File.............................................................................................................8-31
Recovery for Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions and Windows Server 2003...........................8-31
Maintenance Tools......................................................................................................................8-32
Starting Maintenance Tools ....................................................................................................8-32
Function of Maintenance Tools ..............................................................................................8-34
Maintenance Tools with Remote Console ..............................................................................8-36
Resetting the Server....................................................................................................................8-38
Forced Shutdown........................................................................................................................8-38
Chapter 9 Upgrading Your Server ................................................................................ 9-1
Safety Notes..................................................................................................................................9-2
Anti-static Measures .....................................................................................................................9-3
Preparing for Installation and Removal ........................................................................................9-4
Hard Disk Drive............................................................................................................................9-6
3.5-inch Disk Model.................................................................................................................9-6
2.5-inch Disk Model.................................................................................................................9-8
Installation................................................................................................................................9-9
Removal .................................................................................................................................9-14
Power Supply Unit (Redundant Power Supply Model) ..............................................................9-18
Installation..............................................................................................................................9-18
Replacing a Failing Power Supply Unit .................................................................................9-21
Drive Cover ................................................................................................................................9-22
Removal .................................................................................................................................9-22
Installation..............................................................................................................................9-22
Logic Cover ................................................................................................................................9-23
Removal .................................................................................................................................9-23
Installation..............................................................................................................................9-24
viii
DIMM ........................................................................................................................................ 9-25
Installation Order................................................................................................................... 9-26
Installation ............................................................................................................................. 9-27
Removal................................................................................................................................. 9-29
Using the Memory RAS Features.......................................................................................... 9-30
Processor (CPU) ........................................................................................................................ 9-36
Installation ............................................................................................................................. 9-37
Removal................................................................................................................................. 9-43
PCI Board .................................................................................................................................. 9-44
Notes...................................................................................................................................... 9-45
Installation ............................................................................................................................. 9-46
Removal................................................................................................................................. 9-49
Use of Internal Hard Disk Drives in the RAID System ............................................................. 9-50
3.5-inch Disk Model.............................................................................................................. 9-51
2.5-inch Disk Model.............................................................................................................. 9-53
Disk Expansion Unit.............................................................................................................. 9-55
Appendix A
Specifications ........................................................................................... A-1
Appendix B
Other Precautions .................................................................................... B-1
Transfer Rate of the On-board LAN Controller ......................................................................B-1
Server Management Software .................................................................................................B-1
Floppy Disk .............................................................................................................................B-1
CD/DVD Discs........................................................................................................................B-4
Tape Media ..............................................................................................................................B-4
Keyboard .................................................................................................................................B-5
Mouse ......................................................................................................................................B-6
Appendix C IRQ............................................................................................................. C-1
Appendix D
Installing Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions ....................................... D-1
Notice...........................................................................................................................................D-1
Optional Board Supported by NEC EXPRESSBUILDER......................................................D-1
Service Pack Which EXPRESSBUILDER Supports ..............................................................D-2
Installing Service Pack ............................................................................................................D-2
Updating System .....................................................................................................................D-2
Re-installing to the Hard Disk Drive which has been upgraded to Dynamic Disk..................D-2
Mounting MO Device..............................................................................................................D-2
About Removable Media.........................................................................................................D-2
Floppy Disk Drive ...................................................................................................................D-2
About the System Partition Size ..............................................................................................D-3
Installing Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions.............................................................................D-4
Creating "Windows Server 2003 x64 Edition OEM-Disk for EXPRESSBUILDER".............D-5
Windows Server 2003 x64 Editions Clean Installation ...........................................................D-7
Updating the System - Applying Service Pack -....................................................................D-10
ix
Driver Installation and Advanced Settings ................................................................................D-16
PROSet..................................................................................................................................D-16
Network Driver .....................................................................................................................D-18
Optional Network Board Driver............................................................................................D-20
Adapter Fault Tolerance (AFT)/Adaptive Load Balancing (ALB)........................................D-21
Graphics Accelerator Driver..................................................................................................D-22
Installing SCSI Controller Driver (N8103-75/107)...............................................................D-23
SCSI Controller Driver (N8103-95)......................................................................................D-23
Installing SAS Controller Driver (N8103-104) .....................................................................D-23
About Windows Activation ...................................................................................................D-24
Setting for Collecting Memory Dump (Debug Information).....................................................D-26
Appendix E Installing Windows Server 2003 .............................................................. E-1
BEFORE INSTALLING WINDOWS SERVER 2003 ................................................................ E-1
Optional Board Supported by NEC EXPRESSBUILDER...................................................... E-1
Service Pack Which EXPRESSBUILDER Supports .............................................................. E-2
Application of Service Pack .................................................................................................... E-2
Updating System ..................................................................................................................... E-2
Re-installing to the Hard Disk which has been upgraded to Dynamic Disk ........................... E-2
Mounting MO Device ............................................................................................................. E-2
About Removable Media ........................................................................................................ E-3
Floppy Disk Drive................................................................................................................... E-3
About the Upgrade to Windows Server 2003 R2 .................................................................... E-3
About the System Partition Size.............................................................................................. E-4
Installing Windows Server 2003.................................................................................................. E-6
Creating "Windows Server 2003 OEM-Disk for EXPRESSBUILDER"..................................... E-7
Windows Server 2003 Clean Installation ................................................................................ E-9
Procedure for License Authentication ................................................................................... E-11
Updating the System - Applying Service Pack - ................................................................... E-12
Driver Installation and Advanced Settings ................................................................................ E-18
PROSet.................................................................................................................................. E-18
Network Driver ..................................................................................................................... E-19
Graphics Accelerator Driver.................................................................................................. E-20
SCSI Controller Driver (N8103-75/95/107).......................................................................... E-21
Installing SAS Controller Driver (N8103-104) ..................................................................... E-21
About Windows Activation ................................................................................................... E-22
Available Switch Options for Windows Server 2003 Boot.ini File ....................................... E-24
Setting for Collecting Memory Dump (Debug Information)..................................................... E-25
Appendix F
Using a Client Computer Which Has a CD Drive ................................... F-1
Appendix G
Product Configuration Record Table......................................................G-1
Hardware .................................................................................................................................G-1
Software ..................................................................................................................................G-3
x
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Chapter 1
Notes on Using Your Server
This chapter includes information necessary for proper and safe operation of the server.
1-2 Notes on Using Your Server
WARNING LABELS
The warning label is attached to components with possible danger or their vicinity in your server to
inform the user that a hazardous situation may arise when operating the server. (Do not intentionally
remove or damage any of the labels.)
If you find any labels totally/partially removed or illegible due to damage, contact your sales
representative.
Notes on Using Your Server 1-3
SAFETY NOTES
This section provides notes on using the server safely. Read this section carefully to ensure proper
and safe use of the server. For symbols, see "SAFETY INDICATIONS" provided earlier.
For part names described in the safety instruction chapter in this guide, see Chapter 2.
General
WARNING
Do not use the server for services where critical high availability may directly
affect human lives.
Your server is not intended to be used with or control facilities or devices
concerning human lives, including medical devices, nuclear facilities and
devices, aeronautics and space devices, transportation facilities and devices;
and facilities and devices requiring high reliability. NEC assumes no liability for
any accident resulting in personal injury, death, or property damage if the server
has been used in the above conditions.
Do not use the server if any smoke, odor, or noise is present.
If smoke, odor, or noise is present, immediately turn off the server and
disconnect the power plug from the outlet, then contact your service
representative. Using the server in such conditions may cause a fire.
Keep needles or metal objects away from the server.
Do not insert needles or metal objects into ventilation holes in the server or
openings in the optical disk drive. Doing so may cause an electric shock.
Do not use the server in any unapproved place.
Install the server on a standard EIA 19-inch rack assembly. Do not install the
rack containing the server in a place inappropriate to the rack installation
environment.
Failure to follow these instructions may cause some bad influences to be
imposed on the server and other systems installed on the rack and also a fire or
personal injury due to falling of the rack may occur. For the detailed explanation
on the place where the server should be installed and the earthquake-resistant
construction for the rack, refer to the manual attached to the rack or contact you
service representative.
Always install the server on a rack conforming to the relevant standard.
Install the server on a rack confirming to the EIA standard for the Server to be
used. Do not use the server with installed on any other rack than standard EIA
19-inch rack or without the installation on a proper rack. Failure to follow these
instructions may cause the server to operate incorrectly and/or personal injury or
damages of surrounding devices to occur. Contact your service representative
for the racks available for the server.
1-4 Notes on Using Your Server
CAUTION
Keep water or foreign matter away from the server.
Do not let any form of liquid (water etc.) or foreign matter (e.g., pins or paper
clips) enter the server. Failure to follow this warning may cause an electric
shock, a fire, or a failure of the server. When such things accidentally enter the
server, immediately turn off the power and disconnect the power plug from the
outlet. Do not disassemble the server. Contact your service representative.
Notes on Using Your Server 1-5
Power Supply and Power Cord Use
WARNING
Do not hold the power plug with a wet hand.
Do not disconnect/connect the plug while your hands are wet. Failure to
follow this warning may cause an electric shock.
Do not connect the ground wire to a gas pipe.
Never connect the ground wire to a gas pipe. Failure to follow this warning
may cause a gas explosion.
CAUTION
Plug in to a proper power source.
Use a proper wall outlet. Use of an improper power source may cause a fire or a
power leak.
Do not install the server where you need an extension cord. Use of a cord that
does not meet the power specifications of the server may heat up the cord and
cause a fire.
Do not connect the power cord to an outlet that has an illegal number of
connections.
The electric current exceeding the rated flow overheats the outlet, which may
cause a fire.
Insert the power plug into the outlet as far as it goes.
Heat generation resulting from a halfway inserted power plug (imperfect contact)
may cause a fire. Heat will also be generated if condensation is formed on dusty
blades of the halfway inserted plug, increasing the possibility of fire.
Use the authorized power cord only.
Use only the power cord that comes with your server. Use of an unauthorized
power cord may cause a fire when the electric current exceeds the rated flow.
Also, observe the following to prevent an electric shock or fire caused by a
damaged cord.
„ Do not stretch the cord harness.
„ Do not alter, modify, or repair the
„ Do not pinch the power cord.
power cord.
„ Do not bend the power cord.
„ Do not secure the power cord with
„ Keep chemicals away from the
staples or equivalents.
power cord.
„ Do not use any damaged power
„ Do not twist the power cord.
cord. (Replace a damaged power
cord with a new one of the same
„ Do not place any object on the
power cord.
specifications. Ask your service
representative for replacement.)
„ Do not bundle power cords.
Do not use the attached power cord for any other devices or usage.
The power cord that comes with your server is designed aiming to connect with
this server and to use with the server, and its safety has been tested. Do not use
the attached power cord for any other purpose. Doing so may cause a fire or an
electric shock.
1-6 Notes on Using Your Server
Rack
CAUTION
Do not carry or install the server only by a single person.
More than one person is required to carry or install the rack. Failure to follow this
instruction may cause the rack to fall to result in personal injury and/or
breakages of surrounding devices. In particular, a high rack (such as 44U rack)
is unstable if it is not fixed by stabilizers. More than one person must always
carry or install the rack while they support it.
Do not install the server so that the load may be concentrated on a specific
point.
Install stabilizers on the rack so that the total load of the rack and devices
mounted on the rack is not concentrated on a singe point or join more than one
rack with each other to distribute the load. Failure to follow this instruction may
cause the rack to fall to result in personal injury.
Do not install components on the server only by a single person.
More than one person is required to install parts including the doors and trays for
the rack. Failure to follow this instruction may cause some parts to fall to be
broken and/or to result in personal injury.
Insert hinges completely.
When installing the rack door, make sure that hinge pins at top and bottom of
the door are completely inserted into the rack. Failure to follow this instruction
may cause the door to fall to be broken and/or to result in personal injury.
Anchor the equipment rack.
The equipment rack must be anchored to an unmovable support to prevent it
from falling over when one or more servers are extended in front of it on slide
assemblies. The anchors must be able to withstand a force of up to 113 kg (250
lbs.) You must also consider the weight of any other device installed in the rack.
Do not leave more than one device being pulled out from the rack.
Pulling out more than one device from the rack may cause the rack to be fallen.
Only pull out a single device from the rack at a time.
Do not provide the wiring for the server to exceed the rating of the power supply.
To prevent burns, fires, and device damages, the power supplied to the power
supply in the rack shall not exceed the rating load of the power branch circuit.
Contact your electric constructor or the local power company for the
requirements on the wiring and installation of electric facilities.
Notes on Using Your Server 1-7
Installation, Relocation, Storage, and Connection
WARNING
Disconnect the power cord(s) before installing or removing the server.
Make sure to power off the server and disconnect the power cord(s) from a
power outlet before installing/removing the server. All voltage is removed only
when the power cords are unplugged.
CAUTION
Never attempt to lift the server only by yourself.
The server weighs max. 21 kg (depending on its hardware configuration).
Carrying the server only by yourself may strain your back. Hold the server firmly
by its bottom with another person to carry it. Do not hold the front door to lift the
server. The front door may be disengaged from the server, causing personal
injury.
Do not install the server in any place other than specified.
Do not install the server in the following places or any place other than specified
in this User's Guide. Failure to follow this instruction may cause a fire.
„ a dusty place
„ a humid place such as near a boiler
„ a place exposed to direct sunlight
„ an unstable place
Do not install the server on a rack with leaving covers removed.
Do not install the server on a rack with the cover being removed. Failure to
follow this instruction may reduce the cooling effect in the server to result in
some malfunction and/or dusts to enter the server to result in a fire or electric
shock.
Do not pinch your finger with rails or other components.
Note sufficiently that your fingers may not be caught between a rail and another
mechanical part or cut by a rail at installation or removal of the server from the
rack.
Do not apply any load on the server pulled out from the rack.
Do not apply any load on the server pulled out from the rack. Doing so bends the
frame of the server. Consequently, the server cannot be pushed back into the
rack. Placing an object on the server may also cause personal injury if the server
drops.
1-8 Notes on Using Your Server
CAUTION
Do not connect any interface cable with the power cord of the server plugged to
a power source.
Make sure to power off the server and unplug the power cord from a power
outlet before installing/removing any optional internal device or
connecting/disconnecting any interface cable to/from the server. If the server is
off-powered but its power cord is plugged to a power source, touching an
internal device, cable, or connector may cause an electric shock or a fire
resulted from a short circuit.
Do not use any unauthorized interface cable.
Use only interface cables provided by NEC and locate a proper device and
connector before connecting a cable. Using an authorized cable or connecting a
cable to an improper destination may cause a short circuit, resulting in a fire.
Also, observe the following notes on using and connecting an interface cable.
„ Do not use any damaged cable connector.
„ Do not step on the cable.
„ Do not place any object on the cable.
„ Do not use the server with loose cable connections.
Notes on Using Your Server 1-9
Cleaning and Working with Internal Devices
WARNING
Do not disassemble, repair, or alter the server.
Never attempt to disassemble, repair, or alter the server on any occasion other
than described in this User's Guide. Failure to follow this instruction may cause
an electric shock or fire as well as malfunctions of the server.
Do not remove the lithium battery.
The server contains the lithium battery. Do not remove the battery. Placing the
lithium close to a fire or in the water may cause an explosion.
When the server does not operate appropriately due to the dead lithium battery,
contact your service representative. Do not disassemble the server to replace or
recharge the battery by yourself.
Disconnect the power plug before cleaning the server.
Make sure to power off the server and disconnect the power plug from a power
outlet before cleaning or installing/removing internal optional devices. Touching
any internal device of the server with its power cord connected to a power
source may cause an electric shock even of the server is off-powered.
Disconnect the power plug from the outlet occasionally and clean the plug with a
dry cloth. Heat will be generated if condensation is formed on a dusty plug,
which may cause a fire.
CAUTION
Avoid installation in extreme temperature conditions.
Immediately after the server is powered off, its internal components such as
hard disk drives are very hot. Leave the server until its internal components fully
cool down before installing/removing any component.
Make sure to complete board installation.
Always install a board firmly. An incompletely installed board may cause a
contact failure, resulting in smoking or fire.
Do not touch any electrical components inside the server during the hot-swap
replacement.
All power flows inside the server while the hot-swap replaceable components
(hard disk and power supply). Do not touch the electrical components inside the
server to avoid an electric shock.
1-10 Notes on Using Your Server
During Operation
CAUTION
Do not pull out or remove the server from the rack unnecessarily.
Do not pull out or remove the server from the rack unnecessarily. Pulling out or
removing the server from the rack may cause not only the server to operate
incorrectly but also the server to fall on people to make them injured.
Stay away from the fan.
Keep your hand or hair away from the cooling fan on the rear of the server.
Failure to follow this warning may get your hand or hair caught in the fan,
resulting in injury.
Avoid contact with the server during thunderstorms.
Disconnect the power plug from the outlet when a thunderstorm is approaching.
If it starts thundering before you disconnect the power plug, do not touch any
part of the server including the cables. Failure to follow this warning may cause
a fire or an electric shock.
Keep animals away from the server.
Failure to follow this warning may cause a fire or an electric shock.
Do not place any object on top of the server.
The server may fall and cause property damage to the surroundings.
Do not leave the server with its optical disk drive tray ejected.
Dust may enter the server through openings and cause malfunctions of the
server. Any person may also bump it and get injured.
Notes on Using Your Server 1-11
FOR PROPER OPERATION
Observe the following notes for successful operation of the server. Use of the server ignoring the
notes will cause malfunctions or failures of the server.
„
Install the rack assembly in a place that meets requirements for successful operation. For
details, see Chapter 3, "Setting Up Your Server."
„
The server is intended for installation in a Restricted Access Location, mounted above a
non-combustible material.
„
Make sure to power off the server before connecting or disconnecting cables between the
server and peripheral devices.
„
Verify that the access LED on the server is unlit before turning off the server or ejecting
the floppy disk.
„
The server management logic on your system board monitors and logs system voltage
changes. When plugging the power cord to the system, you may experience 30 seconds
delay from the time you press the POWER switch on the front panel. This is normal
system operation and is required by the server management logic.
„
Do not turn off the server until the POST (Power On Self-Test) completes. See Chapter 2
for details of POST.
„
When you have just turned off the server, wait at least 30 seconds before turning it back
on.
„
When unplug the power cord(s) from the server, wait at least 30 seconds before re-pluging
the power cord(s) to the server.
„
Turn off the power and unplug the power cord from the outlet before relocating the server.
„
Clean the server on a regular basis. (See Chapter 7 for cleaning.) Regular cleaning
proactively prevents various failures of the server.
„
Lightning may cause a momentary voltage drop. To prevent this problem, it is
recommended to use of an uninterruptible power supply unit.
„
Check and adjust the system clock before the operation if any of the following conditions
is applicable.
– After carriage of device
– After storage of device
– After the device is entered into the pause state under the environmental condition
enduring device operation (temperature: 10°C - 35°C, humidity: 20% - 80%)
„
Check the system clock at the rough rate of once per month. When the system clock is
installed in a system requiring high time precision, it is recommended to use a time server
(NTP server).
If the system clock is remarkably delayed or advanced as the passage of time in spite of
adjustment, contact your service representative to ask maintenance.
1-12 Notes on Using Your Server
„
Store the unit under the storage condition (temperature: –10°C - 55°C, humidity: 20% 80%, without condensation) to allow built-in devices and the unit to operate correctly in
the next operation.
„
Make sure to use optional devices supported by the server. Some non-supported devices
may be physically installed/connected but cause failures of the server as well as a
malfunction of the server.
„
NEC recommends you use NEC's genuine products. Some third-party products claim that
they support the server. However, repair of the server due to a failure or damage resulted
from use of such third-party products will be charged.
„
Turn off the cellular phone or pager. Radio interference may cause malfunctions of the
server.
Notes on Using Your Server 1-13
TRANSFER TO THIRD PARTY
The following must be observed when you transfer (or sell) the server or software provided with the
server to a third party:
Server Hardware
Make sure to provide this User's Guide along with the server to a third party.
Provided Software
To transfer or sell any software application that comes with the server to a third party, the following
requirements must be satisfied:
„
All provided software applications must be transferred and no backup copies must be
retained.
„
Transfer requirements listed in "Software License Agreement" that comes with each
software application must be satisfied.
„
Software applications that are not approved for transfer must be uninstalled before
transferring the server.
1-14 Notes on Using Your Server
DISPOSAL AND CONSUMABLES
„
Dispose the server, all the internal devices and DVD-ROMs according to all national laws
and regulations.
IMPORTANT: For disposal (or replacement) of the battery on the
mother board of the server, consult with your service representative.
„
The server contains some components that are only good for a limited period of time and
require replacement, such as fans, internal batteries, the internal optical disk drive, and the
mouse. For stable operation of the server, NEC recommends you replace these
components on a regular basis. Consult with your service representative for replacement
or the product lives.
WARNING
Do not remove the lithium battery.
The server contains the lithium battery. Do not remove the battery. Placing the
lithium or nickel cadmium battery close to a fire or in the water may cause an
explosion.
When the server does not operate appropriately due to the dead lithium battery,
contact your service representative. Do not disassemble the server to replace or
recharge the battery by yourself.
Mother board
Notes on Using Your Server 1-15
USER SUPPORT
Before Asking for Repair, do the following when the server appears to fail:
1.
Check if the power cord and the cables to other devices are properly connected.
2.
See Chapter 8 to find if your problem fits the description. If it does, take the
recommended measure for it.
3.
Check if the software required for operation of the server is properly installed.
If the server still appears to fail after you have taken the above actions, consult with your service
representative immediately. Take notes on LED indications of the server and alarm indications on
the display unit before consultation, which may provide a significant help to your service
representative.
1-16 Notes on Using Your Server
Advice for Health
The longer you keep using the computer equipment, the more you become
tired, which may cause disorders of your body. When you use a computer,
observe the following to keep yourself from getting tired:
Good Working Posture
You have good posture if the following are satisfied when you use a
computer:
• You sit on a chair with your back straight.
• Your hands are parallel with the floor when you put them on the
keyboard.
• You look at the screen slightly lower than your eye height.
You have "good working posture" as described in the above when no part
of your body is under excess strain, in other words when your muscles are
most relaxed.
You have "bad posture" when you sit with your back hunched up or you
operate a display unit with your face close to the screen. Bad working
posture may cause eye strain or poor eyesight.
Adjustment of Display Unit Angles
Most display units are designed for adjustment of the horizontal and
vertical angles. This adjustment is important to prevent the screen from
reflecting bright lights and to make the display contents easy to see. You
will not be able to keep "good working posture" and you will feel more tired
than you should if you operate a display unit without adjusting horizontal
and vertical angles.
Adjustment of Screen Brightness and Contrast
The display unit has brightness and contrast adjustment functions. The
most suitable brightness and contrast depend on the individual and the
working environment (well-lighted room or insufficient light). Adjust
brightness and contrast so that the screen will be easy to see. An
extremely bright or dark screen will give a bad effect to your eyes.
Adjustment of Keyboard Angle
The keyboard provided with the server is designed for adjustment of an
angle. Adjust the keyboard angle at which the keyboard is easy to operate.
The adjustment assists in reducing strain on your shoulders, arms, and
fingers.
Cleaning of Equipment
Clean equipment regularly. It is difficult to see the display contents on a
dusty screen. Keeping equipment clean is also important for your sight.
Fatigue and Rest
If you feel tired, you should stop working and do light exercises.
Chapter 2
General Description
This chapter provides information that you should be familiar with before using the server. It
includes names and functions of the components and features of the server.
2-2 General Description
OVERVIEW
Your server is a modular, multiprocessing server based on the Intel Xeon microprocessor. It is a
solid performer and offers the latest technology. The combination of compute performance, memory
capacity, and integrated I/O provides a high performance environment for many server market
applications. These range from large corporations supporting remote offices to small companies
looking to obtain basic connectivity capability such as file and print services, e-mail, web access,
web site server, etc.
Your server is housed and available as a rack-mount system. Your server conveniently installs into a
standard EIA 19-inch rack assembly.
Your server includes a optical disc drive and three (SATA or SAS) or six (SAS) hard disk drive bays.
The hot-swap hard disk drive bays support 1.0-inch hard disk drives that can be swapped in or out
of the system without powering it down, if RAID functionality is configured in the system.
As application requirements increase, you can expand your server with an additional processor,
additional memory, add-in boards and peripheral devices, and hard disk drives.
General Description 2-3
External View
The following figure shows the 3.5-inch disk model.
3
2
1
1
Drive cover
2
Release buttons
3
Logic cover
2-4 General Description
Front View with Front Bezel Closed
The following figure shows the location of the front system features.
3
4
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
5-1
5-2
6
7
2
Front bezel
The front bezel is a cover protecting the front devices during daily operation. A security key is
provided to lock the cover.
Key slot
Insert the security key into this slot when unlocking the front bezel.
POWER LED (green)
This LED turns green when the power is turned on.
DISK ACCESS LED (green/amber)
This LED is green during access to the internal hard disk drives. The LED turns amber when
even one of the internal hard disk drives fails.
ACT LED (green)
This LED is on while the system is connected to the network. The number "1" on the icon
indicates LAN port 1, and the number "2" indicates LAN port 2.
UID LED (blue)
This LED goes on when the UID switch is pressed. (The LED also goes on or flashes when
software issues a command.)
STATUS LED (green/amber) (on the front panel)
This LED indicates the server status. The LED is green during normal operation. The LED
turns amber or flashes when the server enters the abnormal state.
General Description 2-5
Front View with Front Bezel Removed
3.5-inch disk model (SATA or SAS)
See 3 - 7 on the previous page.
1
2
3
4
8-0
5
7-2
6
7-3
7-1
8-1
9
1
8-2
2.5-inch disk model (SAS)
See 3 - 7 on the previous page.
1
2
3
4
7-2 7-3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7-1
5
6
8-0
8-1
8-2
8-3
1
8-4
8-5
9
Handles (1 at the right and left each)
Hold the handles when dismounting/mounting the server from/in the rack.
Serial port B (COM B) connector
Management port for connecting the personal computer having a serial interface to this
connector.
USB connectors (2 ports)
Connect device compliant with the USB interface to the connectors.
DUMP (NMI) switch
Press this switch to dump system memory.
POWER switch
Press this switch to turn on/off the power. Pressing the switch once turns on the power, and
the POWER LED goes on. Pressing it again turns off the power. Keep pressing the switch for
4 seconds or more forcibly turns off the power.
UID (Unit ID) switch
Press this switch to turn on/off the UID LEDs on the front and rear panels of the server.
Pressing the switch once turns on the LEDs. Pressing it again turns them off.
(The LED also goes on or flashes when software issues a command.)
Optical disk drive (optical disk drive)
This drive reads data from the disc.
7-1 Emergency hole
7-2 Disk access LED
7-3 CD tray eject button
Hard disk drive bays
Mount hard disk drives in the bays. The last digit indicates the drive ID. The hard disk drives
must be purchased separately.
DISK LED (green/amber)
Hard disk drive LED. Each hard disk drive LED is green during access to the hard disk drive.
The LED turns amber when the hard disk drive fails. The LED flashes switching back and forth
between green and amber during build processing (only in RAID System).
2-6 General Description
Rear View
Non-redundant power supply model
1
2
3
4
5
17-1
17-2
8
7
9 10
11
12
13
14 15
16
3
4
7
9
7
9
Redundant power supply model
1
2
5
6
17-1
17-2
7
8
9 10
11
12
13
14 15
16
7
9
7
9
General Description 2-7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Low-profile PCI board extension slot (1C)
Mount PCI board of the low-profile type into this slot.
Full-height PCI board extension slot (1B)
Mount PCI board of the full-height type in the slot.
The slot "1B" of 2.5-inch disk model contains the factory-installed RAID controller (equivalent
to N8103-116).
Captive thumbscrew
Secures the logic cover to the chassis.
Redundant power supply slot
Equipped on redundant power supply model only.
An optional slot for 1+1 redundant power configuration.
Power supply
Supplies DC power to the server.
AC inlet
Connect the power cord to this socket.
LINK/ACT LED (green)
This LED indicates the access status of the LAN.
Management LAN port
100BASE-TX/10BASE-T interface port used to manage the server via LAN.
Speed LED (amber)
This LED indicates the transmission speed of the LAN.
Mouse/keyboard connectors
Connect the mouse and keyboard to the connectors through the provided relay cables.
Serial port A (COM A) connector
Connect device having a serial interface to this connector.
A leased line cannot be connected directly to this connector.
Monitor connector
Connect the display unit to this connector.
UID switch
Press this switch to turn on/off the UID LEDs on the front and rear panels of the server.
Pressing the switch once turns on the LEDs. Pressing it again turns them off.
DUMP (NMI) switch
Press this switch to dump system memory.
UID LED (blue)
This LED goes on when the UID switch is pressed. (The LED also goes on when software
issues a command.)
USB connectors
Connect device compliant with the USB interface to this connector.
LAN connectors
Connect network systems on the LAN to the connectors (1000BASE-T/100BASETX/10BASE-T).
The number "1" following the bold-faced number indicates LAN port 1, and the number "2"
indicates LAN port 2.
2-8 General Description
Internal View
The internal view for each models show below. The processor air duct factory-installed in the
system is omitted for clarity.
3.5-inch Disk with Non-redundant Power Supply Model
1
2
3
4
5
11
6
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
9
Front panel board
Hard disk drive bays
Backplane
Mother board
Power supply
Riser card module assembly
Chassis intrusion switch
DIMMs
Processor (mounted under the CPU and heat sink)
Cooling fans
optical disk drive
8
7
General Description 2-9
3.5-inch Disk with Redundant Power Supply Model
1
2
3
4
5
11
6
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
9
Front panel board
Hard disk drive bays
Backplane
Mother board
Power supply
Riser card module assembly
Chassis intrusion switch
DIMM
Processor (mounted under the CPU and heat sink)
Cooling fans
Optical disk drive
8
7
2-10 General Description
2.5-inch Disk Model
1
2
3
5
4
6
13
7
8
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
11
10
Front panel board
Hard disk drive bays
Backplane
Middle-plane
Mother board
Power supply
RAID board
RAID controller (equivalent to N8103-116) is factory-installed in slot "1B".
PCI riser card
Top cover sensor
DIMM
Processor (mounted under the CPU and heat sink)
Cooling fans
Optical disk drive
9
General Description 2-11
Mother Board
1
4
2
3
4
15
9
4
10
5 5 6 7 5 8
14-2
External
connectors
14-1
13
FRONT
REAR
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
5
12
11
Power connector
Power signal connector
USB connector
Unused connector
Unused jumper switch
RAID configuration jumper switch
With 2.5-inch disk model, leave the factory setting as is.
Password clear jumper switch
CMOS clear jumper switch
Mini SAS connector
Used only when 3.5-inch SATA2 hard disk drive is installed.
Lithium battery
Connector for PCI riser card slot (for full-height board)
(See Chapter 9 for available board.)
Connector for PCI riser card slot (for low-profile board)
(See Chapter 9 for available board.)
DIMM sockets (for interleave type)
(The sockets are called 41, 42, 43, 11, 12, 13, 21, 22, 23, 31, 32, 33 sequentially from top.)
Processor sockets
13-1 Processor #1 (CPU #1)
13-2 Processor #2 (CPU #2)
Backplane connector
2-12 General Description
STATUS INDICATORS
This section explains the indication and meanings of the server LEDs.
POWER LED (
)
The POWER LED is on (green) while the server power switch is on. It is off while no power is
supplied to the server.
The POWER LED indicates that the server is running in the power-saving mode (sleep mode). If the
OS supports the power-saving mode such as Windows Server 2003, running the command blinks
the POWER LED in green and place the server in the power-saving mode. Press the POWER switch
to turn out the POWER LED and place the server back in the normal mode.
The power-saving mode is only available when the OS supports the power-saving feature. Some
OS's allow you to set the server to automatically turn in the power-saving mode when no access is
made to the server for a certain period of time or to select the power-saving mode with a command.
STATUS LED (
)
The STATUS LED is on (green) while the server is operating normally. If the STATUS LED is off
or turns amber and flashes, it indicates that the server is in abnormal state.
The table below explains the STATUS LED indication, the meanings, and the procedures.
NOTES:
„
If NEC ESMPRO is installed, you can confirm the cause of a failure
by referring to the error log.
„
If shutdown processing can be performed through the operating
system when you want to restart the system after turning the power
off, restart the system by performing shutdown processing. If
shutdown processing cannot be performed, restart the system by
resetting, forcibly turning the power off, or disconnecting and then
connecting the power cord.
General Description 2-13
STATUS LED
indication
On (green)
Flashing
(green)
Description
Procedure
The server is operating normally.
• The server is operating with the
memory or CPU in degraded
state.
–
Identify the device in degraded state
by using the BIOS setup utility
"SETUP," and replace it as soon as
possible.
• An uncorrectable memory error
has often occurred.
Off
The power is off.
POST is in progress.
A CPU error occurred. (IERR)
A CPU temperature alarm was
detected.
A timeout occurred when the time
set for the watchdog timer arrived.
A CPU bus error occurred.
A memory dump request is made.
On (amber)
Flashing
(amber)
A temperature alarm was detected.
A voltage alarm was detected.
All the power supply units failed.
Either of the following was detected
in the redundant power
configuration:
• AC power not supplied to one of
the two power supply units
• Failure of one of the two power
supply units
A fan alarm was detected.
A temperature warning was
detected.
A voltage warning was detected
An error was detected on either of
the hard disk drives.
–
Wait for a while. The STATUS LED
turns green when POST is completed.
Turn the power off and then turn it on.
If the POST screen displays an error
message, take notes of the message,
and contact your sales representative.
Wait until the memory dump is
completed.
Check if the internal fans are clean
and if the fan units are firmly
connected.
If the STATUS LED indication does not
change when the fans are normal,
contact your sales representative.
Contact your sales representative.
Connect the power cord to supply
power. If the power supply unit is
faulty, contact your service
representative.
Check if the fan units are firmly
connected.
If the STATUS LED indication does not
change when the fans are normal,
contact your sales representative.
Check if the internal fans are clean
and if the fan units are firmly
connected.
If the STATUS LED indication does not
change when the fans are normal,
contact your sales representative.
Contact your service representative.
2-14 General Description
DISK ACCESS LED ( )
The DISK ACCESS LED indicates the status of the hard disk drive mounted in the 3.5-inch disk
bay.
The LED turns green each time access is made to the hard disk drive.
When the DISK ACCESS LED turns amber, it indicates that a hard disk drive failure has occurred.
Check the hard disk drive LED for the status of the failing hard disk drive.
ACT LED (
)
The ACT LED is green while the server is connected to the LAN. The LED flashes while the server
is accessed via the LAN (during transmission/reception of packets). The number next to the icon
indicates the network port number on the rear panel of the server.
UID LED (UID)
Pressing the UID switch toggles the front panel UID LED (blue) and the mother board UID LED on
and off. The mother board UID LED is visible through the rear of the chassis and allows you to
locate the server you're working on from the rear of the servers on a rack.
Disk Access LED
The disk access LED of the optical disk drive is on while the drive is accessed.
General Description 2-15
Hard Disk Drive LED
The disk LED located on the drive carrier indicates the following depending on the status:
Hard disk drive
Hard disk drive
Drive carrier
Drive carrier
Disk LED
3.5-inch hard disk drive
„
Disk LED
2.5-inch hard disk drive
Flashing (green)
The LED indicates that the hard disk drive is accessed.
„
On (amber)
The LED indicates a failure of a hard disk drive mounted in RAID System.
NOTE: Even if one (two hard disk drives in RAID6) of the hard disk
drives fails in Logical Drive (RAID1, RAID5, or RAID6), the server
can continue operation. However, replace the hard disk drive as soon as
possible, and perform reconstruction (rebuild) processing. (The failing
hard disk drive can be replaced in hot swap mode.)
„
Flashing switching back and forth between green and amber
The LED indicates that reconstruction (rebuild) processing is being performed for the hard
disk drive. (This flashing does not indicate a failure.) When a failing hard disk drive is
replaced in RAID System, the system automatically rebuilds the data. (Auto-rebuild
function) The LED switches back and forth between green and amber during rebuild
processing.
The LED goes off when the rebuild processing has terminated. It turns amber when the
rebuild processing fails.
2-16 General Description
IMPORTANT: If the server is turned off during rebuild processing, the
processing is stopped. Restart the server, mount the new hard disk drive
in hot swap mode, and then perform rebuild processing again. Observe
the following notes on using the auto-rebuild function.
„
Do not turn the power off. (Once the power is turned off, the autobuild function does not start.)
„
Let 90 seconds or more pass between when dismounting a failing
hard disk drive and when mounting the new one.
„
Do not replace a failing hard disk drive while rebuild processing is
being performed for another hard disk drive.
General Description 2-17
LAN Connector LEDs
There are two LEDs for each of the two LAN ports (connectors) on the rear panel.
LINK/ACT
SPEED
LINK/ACT
LINK/ACT
SPEED
SPEED
LINK/ACT
Management port
„
Data transmission ports
LINK/ACT LEDs
Each LINK/ACT LED indicates the status of the standard network port of the server.
While power is supplied to the server and HUB and the connection is correct, the LED is
on (green). The LED turns green and flashes while the network port is
transmitting/receiving data.
If the LED does not go on when the LINK state is placed, check if the network cable is in
normal state and if it is connected correctly. If the LED does not go on yet when the
network cable is normal, the network (LAN) controller may be faulty. In this case, contact
your sales representative.
„
Speed LEDs (for data transmission ports)
This LED indicates whether each of the network ports normally equipped with the server
is operated through the 1000BASE-T, 100BASE-TX or 10BASE-T network interface. If
the LED is lit amber, the network port is operated through 1000BASE-T. If the LED is lit
green, the network port is operated through 100BASE-TX. If the LED is off, the network
port is operated through 10BASE-T.
„
Speed LED (for management port)
This LED indicates whether each of the network ports normally equipped with the server
is operated through the 100BASE-TX or 10BASE-T network interface. If the LED is lit
amber, the network port is operated through 100BASE-TX. If the LED is off, the network
port is operated through 10BASE-T.
2-18 General Description
AC POWER LED (Redundant Power Supply Model)
There is an AC POWER LED for the power supply unit on the rear. The LED turns green and
flashes when the power supply unit receives AC power from the power cord, which is connected to
the AC inlet. (Flashing amber indicates no AC power is received in any one of two power supplies
in the redundant configuration.)
The LED turns green when the server power switch is turned on. If the LED does not go on when
the server power switch is turned on or if it turns amber, the power supply unit is probably faulty. In
this case, contact your service representative to replace the power supply unit.
AC POWER LED
AC POWER LED
AC inlet
AC inlet
Power supply
slot (option)
Power supply
slot (standard)
NOTE: If one power supply unit fails while an optional power supply
is mounted, the system can continue operation with the other power
supply unit (redundant function). The failing power supply unit can be
replaced in hot swap mode (with the power on) without the system
being stopped.
General Description 2-19
STANDARD FEATURES
High performance
„ Quad-core Intel Xeon Processor
N8100-1390F/1396F:
2.00GHz
N8100-1391F/1397F:
2.50GHz
N8100-1438F/1439F:
3.00GHz
N8100-1392F/1398F/1405F: 3.16GHz
„ High-speed memory access (DDR2-667)
„ High-speed network interface
(1000Mbps/100Mbps/10Mbps supported)
„ High-speed disk access
(SATAII 300/Serial Attached SCSI) *1
High-reliability
„ Memory monitoring feature (error
correction/error detection)
„ CPU/memory degradation feature (logical
isolation of a failed device)
„ Memory x4/x8 SDDC feature
„ Memory mirroring/online spare memory
feature
„ Bus parity error detection
„ Temperature detection
„ Error notification
„ Internal fan monitoring feature
„ Internal voltage monitoring feature
„ Redundant power supply (hot-swap) *2
„ Onboard RAID Controller (LSI Embedded
MegaRAID)
Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to
N8103-116)
„ Auto-rebuild feature (hot-swappable)
„ BIOS password feature
„ Mechanical security lock
„ Redundant fans
Expandability
„ PCI Express (x8): 1 slot (low profile)
PCI Express (x8): 1 slot (full height) *3
„ Large memory of up to 48GB
„ Up to two multi-processors are available
for upgrade.
„ Three network ports (one for
management LAN)
„ Hard disk drive bays
3.5-inch disk model: up to 3 hard disk
drives
2.5-inch disk model: up to 6 hard disk
drives
„ One backup file bay
„ USB2.0 interface
Many Available Features
„ Redundant power supply feature (with
optional power supply unit installed) *2
„ El Torito Bootable CD-ROM (no
emulation mode) format support
„ POWER switch mask
„ Software power-off
„ Remote power-on feature
„ AC-Link feature
„ Remote console feature
Management Utilities
„ NEC ESMPRO
„ NEC DianaScope
„ RAID System Management Utility
„ Power monitoring feature
„ Hard disk drive monitoring feature
Easy and Fine Setup
„ NEC EXPRESSBUILDER (system setup
utility)
„ Parameter File Creator
„ SETUP (BIOS configuration utility)
Maintenance Features
„ Off-line Maintenance Utility
„ Memory dump feature using the DUMP
switch
*1 2.5-inch disk model server supports SAS hard disk
drive only
*2 Redundant power supply model only
*3 With 2.5-inch disk model, the factory-installed
RAID controller occupies the slot.
Self-diagnosis
„ Power On Self-Test (POST)
„ Test and Diagnosis (T&D)
2-20 General Description
Remote Management Feature
Server management is concentrated in the Remote Management Controller (RMC). The RMC and
associated circuitry are powered from a 5Vdc standby voltage, which remains active when system
power is switched off, but the ac power source is still on and connected.
The RMC supports the NEC DianaScope, which allows remote server management through
networks. Events monitored by the manager system include over-temperature and over-voltage
conditions, fan failure, or chassis intrusion.
Information on NEC DianaScope may be found in the NEC EXPRESSBUILDER DVD.
One major function of the RMC is to autonomously monitor system management events, and log
their occurrence in the nonvolatile System Event Log (SEL). The events being monitored include
overtemperature and overvoltage conditions, fan failure, or chassis intrusion. To enable accurate
monitoring, the RMC maintains the nonvolatile Sensor Data Records (SDRs), from which sensor
information can be retrieved. The RMC provides an ISA host interface to SCR sensor information,
so that software running on the server can poll and retrieve the server's current status.
The RMC performs the following:
„
Monitors server board temperature and voltage*
„
Monitors processor presence and controls Fault Resilient Boot (FRB)
„
Detects and indicates baseboard fan failure*
„
Manages the SEL interface
„
Manages the SDR Repository interface
„
Monitors the SDR/SEL timestamp clock
„
Monitors the system management watchdog timer
„
Monitors the periodic SMI timer
„
Monitors the event receiver
„
Controls secure mode, including video blanking, diskette write-protect monitoring, and
front panel lock/unlock initiation
„
Controls Wake On LAN via Magic Packet support.
„
Monitors the hard disk drives
*Also, NEC ESMPRO supports these features.
NOTE: To use the Remote Management Extended License (N8115-03),
visit our Web site to see the latest information about remote
console/remote media feature.
General Description 2-21
Degradation Feature
The degradation feature automatically isolates a failed DIMM or processor to assure continuous
operation of the server when the POST (Power On Self-Test, self-diagnosis program after power on)
detects such a DIMM or processor.
NOTE: The degradation feature is only available when at least two
DIMMs or processors are installed.
Failed DIMMs and processors may be identified on the screen that the POST displays, or with the
BIOS setup utility of the server, "SETUP." They may also be identified on the system that has the
NEC ESMPRO installed.
Memory RAS Features
Your server board has the memory mirroring and online spare memory features. For detail
explanation, refer to Chapter 9.
Remote Power-On Feature (Wake On LAN)
The remote power-on function turns on the server through a network. It sends a special packet from
the management computer to a remote server to turn it on if the server is off-powered.
To enable this feature, use the BIOS setup utility, "SETUP." (See Chapter 4.)
The remote power-on feature is not available in the following cases. Press the POWER switch once
to start the OS, and turn off the server in an appropriate procedure.
„
Abnormal previous system shut-down
„
No power supply to the server (due to turned-off breaker, disconnected power cord, power
blackout, etc.)
AC-Link Feature
When the power cord of the server is connected to an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) unit, the
server supports the power linkage feature that enables control over the power supply from the UPS
to the server. The AC-Link feature can be enabled or disabled with the Server menu of the BIOS
setup utility, "SETUP." (See Chapter 4.)
2-22 General Description
System Security
To help prevent unauthorized entry or use of the system, the system includes a full lockable front
bezel and Server Management software that monitors the front bezel intrusion switch.
Security with Mechanical Locks and Monitoring
To unlock the bezel, insert the key in the lock and turn the lock counterclockwise until it stops
(about a quarter turn). The bezel is now unlocked and can be opened again.
To lock the bezel, insert the key in the lock. Turn the lock clockwise until it stops (about a quarter
turn). The bezel is now locked and cannot be opened.
Software Locks via the BIOS SETUP Utility
The BIOS SETUP Utility provides a number of security features to prevent unauthorized or
accidental access to the system. Once the security measures are enabled, you can access the system
only after you enter the correct password(s). For example:
„
Mask the power switch function after the power-on.
„
Set and enable a supervisor password.
„
Set and enable a user password.
„
Disable access to the boot sector of the operating system hard disk drive.
General Description 2-23
NEC EXPRESSBUILDER
The DVD-ROM that comes with the server contains a setup utility called "NEC
EXPRESSBUILDER."
The major functions of the NEC EXPRESSBUILDER are:
„
To install the Operating System.
"Express Setup" helps you to install the Windows Operating System. (See Chapter 5)
„
To diagnose the system.
NEC EXPRESSBUILDER includes the System Diagnostics to check your server. (See
Chapter 6)
„
To create a support disk.
Use this function to create the support disks used to boot the utilities from the floppy disk,
or the OEM-disk used for a manual installation of Windows. (See Chapter 6)
„
To update the BIOS.
Use this function to update the system BIOS or firmware of the server. (See Chapter 6)
„
To update the Windows System*
"Update Express5800 system" in Windows Autorun Menu (Windows-based NEC
EXPRESSBUILDER feature) updates the several resources of Microsoft Windows Server
2003. (See Chapter 6)
„
To install the utilities.
NEC EXPRESSBUILDER DVD includes some management software for Windows
(NEC ESMPRO, NEC DianaScope and so on) . You can install the applications for
Windows from Windows Autorun Menu. (See Chapter 6.)
„
To read the online documents*
You can refer to the online documents from Windows Autorun Menu. (See Chapter 6.)
* These functions are available under the Windows system.
NOTE: Some features among those listed above can be used from the
remote computer via cross cable (COM), or LAN. See Chapter 6 for
details.
2-24 General Description
NEC ESMPRO
The NEC ESMPRO is server management software that runs on the OS. The NEC ESMPRO
includes the NEC ESMPRO Manager for the server monitoring terminal and the NEC ESMPRO
Agent for the server.
NOTE: For details of major functions of the NEC ESMPRO, system
configuration and setups with the NEC ESMPRO, see Chapter 6.
Available functions of the NEC ESMPRO depend on the OS you install.
Ask your service representative for details.
Maintenance Tools
The Maintenance Tools is used for maintenance and fault analysis of the server. This tool is usually
used by the service representative.
See Chapter 8 for details.
SYSTEM DIAGNOSTIC UTILITY
The system diagnostic utility contained in the NEC EXPRESSBUILDER is useful to detect
hardware failures. See Chapter 7 for details.
NEC DianaScope
The NEC DianaScope is a software for the remote management of the server. The NEC DianaScope
can control the managed server even if OS is not running on the managed server.
See Chapter 6 and online document in the NEC EXPRESSBUILDER.
General Description 2-25
USING YOUR SERVER
This section describes basic operations of the server including how to use devices such as the
optical disk drive. See Appendix B for notes on using the disc and accessories including the
keyboard and the mouse.
Front Bezel
Remove the front bezel to power on/off the server, to access the optical disk drive and to
install/remove hard disk drives to the 3.5-inch disk bays.
IMPORTANT:
„
To open the front door, you must unlock the door with the provided
security key.
„
Pay attention not to press the POWER switch when you install or
remove the front bezel.
Installing or Removing the Front Bezel
When turning the power of the server on/off, accessing to the optical disk drive, or installing or
removing a hard disk drive on or from the 3.5-inch disk bay, first remove the front bezel.
IMPORTANT: The front bezel can be opened only when you unlock
it by using the attached security key.
1.
Insert the attached security key into the key slot and turn the key to the front bezel side
with it pressed lightly to release the lock.
Unlock
2.
Hold the right end of the front bezel lightly to pull it toward you.
Lock
2-26 General Description
3.
Slide the front bezel to the left a little to remove the tab from the frame and then remove
the front bezel from the server.
2
1
To install the front bezel, latch the tab at the left side of the front bezel on the server frame. After the
installation, lock the front bezel by using the key for security.
Tab
Frame
1
2
General Description 2-27
POWER Switch
Use the POWER switch to turn on/off the server.
Power On
Press the POWER switch on the front of the computer chassis.
The POWER LED lights in green.
POWER LED
1
B
POWER switch
ID
2
NMI
ID
IMPORTANT:
„
If the power cord is connected to a power control device such as a
UPS (Uninterruptive Power Supply), make sure that the power
control device is powered.
„
If the power cord is connected to the server, an initial diagnosis of
the hardware starts. The POWER switch does not work while in
diagnosis. Wait for about 30 seconds, then press the POWER
switch.
„
Always allow POST to complete before powering down your
system.
2-28 General Description
POST
POST (Power On Self-Test) is the self-diagnostic program stored in the system memory.
When you power on the server, the system automatically runs POST to check the mother board,
ECC memory module, CPU module, keyboard, and mouse. POST also displays messages of the
BIOS setup utility, such as the start-up message, while in progress.
With the factory setup of the server, the NEC logo appears on the display unit while POST is in
progress. (To display the POST check results, press Esc.)
NOTE: You can set the POST check results to appear on the display
unit without pressing Esc. To do so, select "Enabled" for "Boot-time
Diagnostic Screen" under the Advanced menu of the BIOS SETUP
utility.
The POST check results should be checked in the following cases.
„
When the server is used for the first time.
„
When the server appears to fail.
„
When the server beeps for many times between power-on and OS start-up.
„
When an error message appears on the display unit.
General Description 2-29
POST Execution Flow
The following describes the progress of POST in the chronological order.
IMPORTANT:
„
Do not make key entries or perform mouse operations while POST
is in progress.
„
Some system configurations may display the message "Press Any
Key" to prompt a key entry. This message is driven by BIOS of an
installed optional board. Make sure to read the manual that comes
with the optional board before any key entry.
„
Powering on the server, after you installed or removed an optional
PCI board or moved it to another slot, may display the message that
indicates incorrect board configuration and suspend POST.
In such a case, press F1 to continue POST. Board configuration can
be made using the utility described later.
1.
After a few seconds from power-on, POST starts checking the memory. The count
message of the basic and expansion memory appears at top left on the display unit screen.
The memory check may takes a few minutes to complete depending on the memory size
of the server. Also, it may take approximately one minute for the screen display to appear
after rebooting the server.
2.
Some messages appear upon completion of the memory check. These messages appear to
indicate that the system has detected the CPU, baseboard management controller,
keyboard, and mouse.
3.
After a few seconds, POST displays the following message prompting you to launch the
BIOS SETUP utility stored in the system memory of the server. This message appears at
bottom left on the screen.
Press <F2> to enter SETUP, <F12> to Network
Launch the BIOS setup utility when you need to change the settings to meet the
requirements for the server. As long as the above message is not displayed with an error
message, you don't have to launch the utility. (Ignore the message. POST will
automatically proceed.)
To launch the SETUP utility, press F2 while the above message is displayed. See Chapter
4 for setup and parameters.
The server automatically restarts POST all over again when you exit the SETUP utility.
The message "<F12> to Network" prompts you network booting (PXE boot). If you press
F12, the POST searches for boot device on network.
2-30 General Description
4.
<When 3.5-inch disk model server contains 3.5-inch SATA hard disk drive>
If your server uses Onboard RAID Controller, the following message is displayed to
prompt you to run RAID utility.
Press <Ctrl><M> to Run LSI SoftwareRAID Configuration Utility
Press Ctrl + M to run the utility. For detail explanation, see Chapter 4 for detail.
IMPORTANT: The LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility is used
to manage the data stored in hard disk drive, or for maintenance. See
Chapter 4 for detail. This feature is unavailable for 2.5-inch disk model.
5.
If the POST detects the optional add-in card, it display the message prompting you to
launch the add-in card BIOS configuration utility. (Ignore the message. POST will
automatically proceed a few seconds later.)
Refer to the manual that comes with the optional add-in card for detail.
6.
If you set a password using the BIOS setup utility, SETUP, the password entry screen
appears upon successful completion of POST.
Up to three password entries will be accepted. Three incorrect password entries disable
the server to boot. In such a case, turn off the power and wait about ten seconds before
turning on to boot the server.
IMPORTANT: Do not set a password before installing an OS.
7.
The OS starts when POST completes.
General Description 2-31
POST Error Messages
When POST detects an error, it displays an error message on the display unit screen. See Chapter 8
for POST error codes.
IMPORTANT: Take a note on the messages displayed before
consulting with your service representative. Alarm messages are useful
information for maintenance.
Power Off
Follow the procedure below to power off the server. If the power cord of the server is connected to a
UPS, refer to the manual that comes with the UPS or the manual for the application that controls the
UPS.
IMPORTANT: Always allow POST to complete before turning off
the server.
1.
Shutdown the OS.
2.
Press the POWER switch on the front of the server.
The POWER LED goes off.
3.
Power off peripheral devices.
NOTE: The standby feature of Windows Server is not available. Do
not select "Standby" in Windows shutdown menu.
2-32 General Description
Identification of Servers ~ UID Switch ~
An "UID (Unit ID) LED" is provided on the front panel and rear panel. If more than one server is
mounted in a single rack, the LED identifies the server you are going to maintain.
The UID LED goes on when the UID (Unit ID) switch on the front panel is pressed. It goes off
when the switch is pressed again.
Maintenance from the rear of the rack has to be carried out in a dark, narrow space. The interface
cable of a server or power supply unit in normal state may be disconnected by accident in this
situation. To prevent this problem, you should start maintenance after confirming the target server
by using the UID switch.
UID LED
B
1
UID switch
ID
2
NMI
ID
UID LED
UID switch
General Description 2-33
Optical Disk Drive
The server is provided with the optical disk drive on its front to read data from a disc.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage. See
pages 1-3 to 1-8 for details.
„
Do not leave the tray ejected from the optical disk drive.
Set a disc on the optical disk drive in the following procedure.
1.
Confirm that the power of the server is on (with the POWER LED being lit) before setting
the disc on the optical disk drive.
2.
Press the Eject button on the front of the optical disk drive.
The tray comes out a little.
3.
Hold the tray lightly and pull it out toward you until the tray stops.
4.
Put the disc on the tray carefully and securely with the character printed surface facing
upward.
2-34 General Description
5.
As shown in the figure below, hold the tray with a hand and press the disc with fingers of
another hand to make the hole of the disc fit to the rotor at the center of the tray.
Rotor
Press this part of disc.
6.
Push the front of the tray lightly to retract it into the drive.
IMPORTANT: If a noisy sound in driving the optical disk drive occurs
after setting a disc, set it again correctly.
To take out the disc from the optical disk drive, press the Eject button in the similar way in setting
the disc to make the tray go out.
If the access LED is lit, the disc is being accessed. Confirm that the access LED is not lit before
pressing the Eject button.
As shown in the figure below, hold the tray with a hand and take the end of the disc lightly by the
fingers of another hand with the suppression of the rotor at the center of the tray to remove the disc
from the tray.
General Description 2-35
After taking out the disc, return the tray into the drive.
When you fail to eject the tray with the Eject button and take out the disc from the server, follow the
procedure below.
Emergency hole
1.
Press the POWER switch to power off the server. (The POWER LED goes off.)
2.
Insert a metal pin of approximately 1.2 mm in diameter and 100 mm in length (a
straightened large paper clip will make a substitute) into the emergency hole on the right
front of the optical disk drive and gently push it in until the tray is ejected.
IMPORTANT:
„
Do not use a toothpick or plastic stick that is easy to break.
„
If the above procedure does not let you take out the disc, contact
your service representative.
3.
Hold the tray and pull it out.
4.
Take out the disc.
5.
Push the tray back into position.
2-36 General Description
NOTE: Use of the Disc
Keep the following notes in mind to use the disc for the server:
„
For the disk which does not conform to the CD standard, the
playback of such a disk with the CD drive is not guaranteed.
„
Do not drop the disc.
„
Do not place anything on the disc or bend the disc.
„
Do not attach any label onto the disc.
„
Do not touch the signal side (nothing is printed on this side) with
your hand.
„
Place the disc with its printed side upward and gently put it on the
tray.
„
Do not scratch the disc or write anything directly on it with a pencil
or ball-point pen.
„
Keep the disc away from cigarette smoke.
„
Do not leave the disc in a high-temperature place (e.g., place
exposed to direct sunlight or close to a heater).
„
When dust or fingerprints are attached on the disc, wipe the disc
from its center to edge with a dry soft cloth slowly and gently.
„
Use the CD cleaner to clean the disc. Do not use record
spray/cleaner, benzene, or thinner.
„
Keep the disc in a disc case when not in use.
„
If the disc emits large noise in the optical disk drive, remove the
disc and insert it back again.
Chapter 3
Setting Up Your Server
This chapter describes how to set up the server appropriate for your system, on a step-by-step basis.
3-2 Setting Up Your Server
SETUP FLOW
Follow the flowchart below to set up the server.
Selecting the server site
Select a suitable site for the server and assemble the 19-inch rack assembly.
Unpacking the system
Unpack the server and accessories from the chipping carton box.
Install the server
Install the server into the rack assembly.
Connecting peripheral devices
Connect peripheral devices to the server.
Connecting the power cord
Connect the power cord to the server.
Turning on the server
Power on the server to start software setups. Setups depend on the optional
internal devices installed and the peripheral devices connected.
Installing the operating system
Install an operating system to the server. See Chapter 5.
Installing the utilities
Install the utilities in the provided NEC EXPRESSBUILDER DVD. See Chapter 6.
Making backup copies of system information
After all the system setup procedures are completed, make backup copies of
system information.
System information is required for recovering the server from the trouble or after
replacing the system board.
Setting Up Your Server
3-3
SELECTING SERVER SITE
To use the server, install it on a standard EIA 19-inch rack assembly.
Refer to the documentation attached to the rack or contact your service representative for the
installation of the server on the rack.
WARNING
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow these
instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages 1-3 to 1-8
for details.
„
„
Do not use the server in any unapproved place.
Do not connect the ground line to a gas pipe.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow these
instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage. See pages 13 to 1-8 for details.
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
Do not carry or install the server only by a single person.
Do not install the server where the load may be concentrated on a specific
point.
Do not install any component on the server only by a single person.
Insert the hinge pins completely.
Do not pull out a device from the rack if the rack is unstable.
Do not leave more than one device being pulled out from the rack.
Do not provide the wiring exceeding the rating power.
Do not use the server in a place where corrosive gases exist.
3-4 Setting Up Your Server
Do not install the rack in the places listed below. Installing the rack or mounting the server on the
rack in such a place may cause some malfunction to occur.
„
Narrow space from which devices cannot be pulled out from the rack completely
„
Place that cannot bear the total weights of the rack and devices mounted on the rack
„
Place where stabilizers cannot be installed or where the rack can be installed only after the
practice of proper earthquake-resistant construction
„
Place of uneven or slanting floor
„
Place of drastic temperature change (near a heater, air conditioner, or refrigerator)
„
Place where intense vibration may be generated
„
Place where corrosive gases (sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen dioxide, chlorine,
ammonia, ozone, etc) exist.
Place where the air (or dust) includes components accelerating corrosion (ex. sulfur,
sodium chloride) or conductive metals.
Place where chemicals may be accidentally sprayed over
„
Place where a carpet not subject to anti-static process is laid.
„
Place where some objects may be fallen on the rack
„
Place near a device generating intense magnetic field (such as a TV, radio,
broadcast/communication antenna, power transmission wire, and electromagnetic crane) is
placed (If unavoidable, contact your service representative to request proper shield
construction.)
„
Place where the power cord of the server must be connected to an AC outlet that shares
the outlet of another device with large power consumption.
„
Place near equipment that generates power noise (e.g., contact spark at power-on/poweroff of commercial power supply through a relay). If you must install the server close to
such equipment, request your service representative for separate power cabling or noise
filter installation.
IMPORTANT: Increase in temperature within rack and air flow
If more than one server are installed on the rack or the ventilation
within the rack is not enough, the temperature in the rack may be raised
by the heat generated from the units to be higher than the operation
temperature of the server (10 to 35°C).
It causes the server to operate improperly. Review the air flow within
the rack or in the room and take sufficient measures so that the
temperature within the rack does not exceed the warranted temperature
range during the system operation.
The server takes in the air from the front and exhausts it to the rear.
Setting Up Your Server
3-5
INSTALLING THE SERVER
This subsection provides the instructions for installing the server into a rack cabinet. (This
subsection also describes the removal procedures.)
WARNING
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages
1-3 to 1-12 for details.
„
„
Do not use any rack which does not conform to the relevant standard.
Always use the server in the specified place.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage.
See pages 1-3 to 1-12 for details.
„
„
„
„
Do not install/remove the server in/from the rack only by a single person.
Do not install the server on the rack leaving the cover removed.
Do not pinch your finger with mechanical components.
Do not apply any load on the server being pulled out from the rack.
3-6 Setting Up Your Server
Installation
This server can be installed in either the NEC rack or a third vendor's rack. Take the following steps
to install the server in the rack.
„
Preparation for installation
When shipped from factory, the left and right slide rails are fixed with tapes at the front
and side faces to prevent from falling off during transportation. Peel off the tape before
you install the server in the rack.
Tape
Removing rail assemblies
1.
Remove the sliding rails from left and right sides of the server.
Setting Up Your Server
2.
3-7
While pushing the unlock button on the front of the server, hold the rails and slowly move
them toward the rear of the server.
Press this button to
unlock the server.
3.
After a while, the rails are locked with clicking sound. Pull the release levers on the left
and right sides of the server toward direction indicated by an arrow (white) in the figure,
and remove them from the server while unlocking it.
Pull the release lever toward the
direction shown by the arrow
(white) to remove the rail.
4.
Only the inner rails remain screwed to the server when the rail assemblies have been
removed.
Inner rail
3-8 Setting Up Your Server
5.
While pushing the levers, move the removed rail assemblies toward the direction
indicated by an arrow in the figure, to restore the original position.
IMPORTANT:
„
The removed rail assemblies are to be installed on the inner rails
later.
„
Be very careful not to get your finger caught in the levers or rails.
Setting Up Your Server
3-9
Installing rail assemblies
1.
Insert the square projection of the rail assembly into the angle hole on the 19-inch rack
until it is locked with clicking sound.
The figure below shows the right side (front) of the rack. Install the rail assemblies to the
right side (rear), and left side (front and rear) of the rack in the same procedure.
Make sure that the rail assembly is installed at the same level as the other slide rail
assembly already installed.
NOTES:
„
There may be some backlashes in the front and rear, however, it is
not a deficiency.
„
Make sure that the rail assembly is surely locked to the rack.
3-10 Setting Up Your Server
Installing the Server
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage.
See pages 1-3 to 1-12 for details.
„
„
1.
Do not lift the server only by a single person.
Do not pinch your finger with mechanical components.
Pull out the sliding rails of the right and left rail assemblies until they are locked.
NOTE: Make sure that the sliding rails are surely locked by the
stopper.
Stopper
Setting Up Your Server
2.
3-11
At least two persons are required to install the server. Securely hold the server and install
it in the rack.
Firmly fit the inner rails on the sides of the server into the rail assemblies that are installed
on the rack, and then slowly push the server into the rack.
Rail assembly
Inner rail at server side
3.
If the server is locked on its way into the rack, slowly push it in while pressing the release
levers (blue) on the right and left sides of the server.
When the server is completely pushed into the rack, the server is locked.
Release lever (blue)
3-12 Setting Up Your Server
IMPORTANT:
„
Be very careful not to get your finger caught in the levers or rails.
„
Insert both sides of inner rails straight into the rack.
„
Hold the thumbscrews on both sides of the server, and install the
server carefully while making sure the installation position.
NOTES:
4.
„
At the first installation, you may feel strong friction in pushing
because the mechanical components cannot be completely engaged
with each other. Push the server intensely.
„
If the installation is incomplete, either of rails may not go further on
its way. In such a case, pull out the server completely until it is
locked. Then, push the server in while unlocking the right and left
sides of it.
Make sure that the sliding rails move smoothly by pulling the server out of the rack and
pushing it in several times.
NOTES:
„
To install the server in the location adjacent to the other device, pay
attention to interference. If the installing server disturbs the other
devices already been installed, adjust the position, and install the
rail assembly again.
„
Make sure that the sliding rails move smoothly. If the sliding rails
are stuck to the rack frame and do not come out, reinstall them.
Setting Up Your Server
3-13
Installing the front bezel
1.
Install the front bezel so that the left tab on the front bezel engages with the chassis frame.
Tabs
1
2
3-14 Setting Up Your Server
Removal
Remove the server from the rack in the following procedure.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage.
See pages 1-3 to 1-12 for details.
„
„
„
„
„
„
Do not install/remove the server in/from the rack only by a single person.
Do not pinch your finger with mechanical components.
Do not apply any load on the server being pulled out from the rack.
Do not pull out a device from the rack if the rack is unstable.
Do not leave more than one device being pulled out from the rack.
Do not pull out the server from the rack while it is operating.
1.
Make sure that the server is off-powered, and disconnect the power cords and all the
interface cables from the server.
2.
Unlock the front bezel with the security key.
2
1
Security key slot
3.
<This step is required only when the optional cable arm is mounted.>
Remove the cable arm from the server.
Setting Up Your Server
4.
While pushing the left and the right unlock buttons on the front of the server, pull out the
server from the rack slowly and carefully.
The server clicks to be latched.
Press this button to
unlock the server.
5.
While pushing the right and left release levers (blue) forward or rearward to unlock,
slowly pull out the server from the rack.
Release lever (blue)
IMPORTANT: Do not apply any load on the server pulled out from
the rack. Doing so may cause personal injury if the server drops.
6.
3-15
Firmly hold the server, and take it out from the rack.
IMPORTANT:
„
Pull out the server slowly holding the bottom of the server by at
least two persons.
„
Do not apply any load on the server pulled out from the rack. Doing
so may cause personal injury if the server drops.
„
Be very careful not to get your finger caught in the levers or rails.
3-16 Setting Up Your Server
7.
To remove the rail assembly, pull out the rail toward you while pushing the lever.
Lever
Setting Up Your Server
3-17
CONNECTING PERIPHERAL DEVICES
Connect peripheral devices to the server. The server is provided with connectors for wide variety of
peripheral devices on its front and rear. The figure on the next page illustrates available peripheral
devices for the server in the standard configuration and locations of the connectors for the devices.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow these
instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage. See pages 1-3
to 1-8 for details.
„
„
Do not connect any interface cable with the power cord of the NEC Express
Server plugged to a power source.
Do not use any unauthorized interface cable.
IMPORTANT:
„
Power off the server and a peripheral device before connection.
Connecting a powered peripheral device to the powered server will
cause malfunctions and failures.
„
To connect a third-party peripheral device or interface cable to the
server, consult with your service representative for availability of
such a device or cable. Some third-party devices may not be used
for the server.
„
A leased line cannot be connected directly to the serial port
connectors.
„
Secure the power cord(s) and interface cables with a tie wrap.
„
Form the cables in such a way that they will not come into contact
with the door or the guide rails on the sides of the server.
„
Do not apply any pressure to the plug of the power cord.
3-18 Setting Up Your Server
Device with the serial
interface
(Management PC only)
USB device *1
FRONT
Device with the
serial interface
Hub
(multiport repeater)
Hub
(multiport repeater)
100BASE-T/
1000BASE-TX/
10BASE-T
1000BASE-TX/
10BASE-T
REAR
*2
*32
USB device *1
Keyboard
*1
*2
*3
Mouse
Display unit
Any USB keyboard and mouse are not supported.
Use the provided branch cable.
Connect the power cord to a circuit breaker of 15 A or less.
Finally connect the provided
power cord to the receptacle. *3
If connecting the server to UPS,
see the explanation below.
Setting Up Your Server
3-19
CONNECTING POWER CORD
Connect the provided power cord to the server.
WARNING
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow these
instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages 1-3 to 1-8
for details.
„
„
Do not hold the power plug with a wet hand.
Do not connect the ground wire to a gas pipe.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow these
instructions may cause a fire, personal injury, or property damage. See pages 1-3
to 1-8 for details.
„
„
„
„
Do not plug the power cord in to an improper power source.
Do not connect the power cord to an outlet that has an illegal number of
connections.
Insert the power plug into the outlet as far as it goes.
Use the authorized power cord only.
1.
Plug the provided power cord into the power receptacle on the rear of the server.
2.
Plug the other end of the power cord into the wall outlet.
AC inlet
Power supply
slot (option)
AC inlet
Power supply
slot (standard)
IMPORTANT:
„
Connect the power cord to a circuit breaker of 15A or less.
„
Secure the power cord with a tie wrap.
3-20 Setting Up Your Server
To connect the power cord from the server to an uninterruptive power supply (UPS), use service
outlets on the rear of the UPS. Refer to the manual that comes with the UPS.
When the power cord from the server to a UPS, change the BIOS setup of the server to link with
power supply from the UPS.
To power on the server from the UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply), select [Server] - [AC-LINK]
- [Power On].
Change a parameter for "AC-LINK" under the Server menu of the BIOS SETUP utility. See Chapter
4 for details.
Setting Up Your Server
3-21
TURNING ON THE SERVER
Power on your system as follows.
1.
Make sure all external devices, such as a video display, keyboard, and mouse (optional)
have been connected, and the power cords are connected.
2.
Power on the video display and any other external devices.
NOTE: If the server power cord(s) is connected to a power control
unit such as an UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply), make sure that the
power control unit is powered on.
3.
Open the front bezel.
4.
Press the POWER switch.
The POWER LED on the front of the server comes on.
POWER switch
POWER LED
1
B
ID
2
NMI
ID
After a few seconds your system begins the internal Power-On Self Test (POST). POST
automatically checks the system board, CPU module, memory, keyboard, and most
installed peripheral devices.
IMPORTANT:
„
„
Always allow POST to complete before powering down your
system.
The server management logic on your system board monitors and
logs system voltage changes. When powering down your system
you may experience a 30-second delay from the time you press the
push-button power on/off switch on the front panel and your system
powering down. This is normal system operation and is required by
the server management logic.
If you have problems powering on your system, see Chapter 8.
After you have successfully powered on your system, insert the NEC EXPRESSBUILDER DVD
into the optical disk drive, reboot the system and follow the screen prompts to run NEC
EXPRESSBUILDER.
3-22 Setting Up Your Server
INSTALLING OPERATING SYSTEM
See Chapter 5 for installing the Microsoft Windows Server 2003 operating systems.
To install the other operating system listed above, contact your service representative.
IMPORTANT: Before installing the operating system, adjust the
system date and time by using the BIOS setup utility "SETUP." See the
next chapter for detail.
INSTALLING UTILITIES
Install the utilities that come with the server. See Chapter 6 for details.
MAKING BACKUP COPIES OF SYSTEM INFORMATION
The system information includes the current BIOS settings and any specific information for the
server.
Save the information after completing the system setup.
Without the backup data, you will not be able to recover the information.
You can save the information by the following process.
1.
Insert the NEC EXPRESSBUILDER DVD into the optical disk drive and reboot the
system.
2.
Select [Maintenance Tools (Normal mode)].
3.
Select [English].
4.
Select [Maintenance Utility].
5.
Select [System Information Management].
6.
Insert a floppy disk into the floppy disk drive.
7.
Select [Save].
Chapter 4
Configuring Your Server
Configuration and setup utilities are used to change your system configuration. You can configure
your system, as well as option boards you may add to your system, using the BIOS SETUP Utility.
Several unique system parameters are configured using the BIOS SETUP, which is stored in the
system FLASH memory.
The RAID configuration utility configures the RAID System and logical drives connected to the
Onboard RAID controller or Internal RAID Controller.
If your system has been factory configured, the BIOS SETUP or RAID configuration utility do not
need to be run unless you want to change the password or security features, add certain types of
option boards or devices, upgrade your system board, or change the RAID configuration.
This chapter also provides information on several system configuration parameters that are set by
jumpers on the system board. However, these parameters do not usually require change.
SYSTEM BIOS (SETUP)
The SETUP utility is used to change system configuration parameters. This utility is pre-installed in
the flash memory of the server and ready to run.
The server is configured with the correct parameters using the SETUP utility and shipped in the best
conditions. Thus, you don't need to use the SETUP utility in most cases. However, you might wish
to use the SETUP utility in the cases described below.
IMPORTANT:
„
„
„
„
„
The SETUP utility is intended for system administrator use only.
The SETUP utility allows you to set a password. The server is
provided with two levels of password: Supervisor and User. With
the Supervisor password, you can view and change all system
parameters of the SETUP utility. With the User password, system
parameters available for viewing and changing are limited.
Do not set any password before installing the OS.
The server contains the latest version of the SETUP utility. Dialog
boxes appear on your SETUP utility, thus, may differ from
descriptions in this manual. If you find anything unclear, see the
online help or ask your service representative.
Use the Exit menu when exiting the SETUP utility. Exiting the
utility with the POWER switch or reset operation causes the stored
parameters to lose.
4-2 Configuring Your Server
Starting SETUP Utility
Powering on the server starts POST (Power On Self-Test) and displays its check results. If the NEC
logo is displayed, press Esc.
After a few seconds, the following message appears at bottom left on the screen.
Press <F2> to enter SETUP
Press F2 to start the SETUP utility and display its Main menu.
If you have previously set a password with the SETUP utility, the password entry screen appears.
Enter the password.
Enter password:[
]
Up to three password entries will be accepted. If you fail to enter the password correctly for three
consecutive times, the server halts. (You can no longer proceed.) Power off the server.
NOTE: The server is provided with two levels of password:
Supervisor and User. With the Supervisor password, you can view and
change all system parameters. With the User password, system
parameters available for viewing and changing are limited.
Configuring Your Server
4-3
Description on On-Screen Items and Key Usage
Use the following keyboard keys to work with the SETUP utility. (Key functions are also listed at
the bottom of the screen.)
Indicates the current menu.
Online help
window
Indicates there
are submenus.
Setup item
menu(s)*
Explanation of key
functions menu
Parameter (high-lights upon selection) menu
* The menus displayed in gray indicates the information only or unchangeable secured by BIOS
password.
Cursor (↑, ↓):
Selects an item on the screen. The highlighted item is currently
selected.
Cursor (←, →):
Selects the Main, Advanced, Security, Server, Boot, or Exit menu.
– and +:
Changes the value (parameter) of the selected item. When a
submenu option (an option preceded by "³") is selected, these
keys are disabled.
Enter
Press Enter to select (determine) parameters.
Esc
Exit SETUP and return to the previous screen.
F9:
Sets the parameter of the currently displayed item back to the
factory set parameter.
F10:
Save and exit the SETUP utility.
4-4 Configuring Your Server
Menu and Parameter Descriptions
The SETUP utility has the following six major menus:
„
Main
„
Advanced
„
Security
„
Server
„
Boot
„
Exit
To set minute functions, select a submenu from the above menus. The following describes available
functions and parameters, as well as the factory-set, for each menu.
Configuring Your Server
4-5
Main
Option
System Time
System Date
Hard Disk Pre-Delay
Primary IDE Master/
Primary IDE Slave
Secondary IDE Master/
Secondary IDE Slave
Parameter
HH:MM:SS
MM/DD/YYYY
[Disabled]
3 seconds
6 seconds
9 seconds
12 seconds
15 seconds
21 seconds
30 seconds
Select submenu
Processor Settings
Select submenu
Language
[English (US)]
Français (FR)
Deutsch (DE)
Español (SP)
Italiano (IT)
Description
Set the system time.
Set the system date.
Allows slower spin-up drives to
come ready.
Your Setting
Set the information on the device
connected to each channel on
the submenu. The settings of
some items may be changed.
However, leave the items as they
are at the shipment.
Shows the processor settings
submenu.
Select which language BIOS
displays.
[
]: Factory-set
4-6 Configuring Your Server
Primary IDE Master/Primary IDE Slave/Secondary IDE Master/Secondary IDE
Slave
Correspondence between the menu items and devices:
„
Primary IDE Master:
Optical disk drive (standard)
„
Primary IDE Slave:
None
„
Secondary IDE Master:
None
„
Secondary IDE Slave:
None
Option
Type
Parameter
Description
None
Selects the type of device attached to
User
the IDE or serial ATA channel. It is
[Auto]
strongly recommended to keep the
CD-ROM
factory setting [Auto].
* Parameters are configured automatically by BIOS.
Specifies the number of sectors that
Multi-Sector
Disabled
are transferred per block during
Transfers*
2 Sectors
multiple sector transfers.
4 Sectors
8 Sectors
16 Sectors
LBA Mode
Enabled
Enable/disable LBA instead of
Control*
cylinder, head, sector, addressing.
Disabled
Enable/disable the 32-bit IDE data
32 Bit I/O
[Disabled]
transfer mode.
Enabled
Transfer Mode*
Standard
Select the method for moving data
to/from the drive.
Fast PIO 1
Fast PIO 2
Fast PIO 3
Fast PIO 4
FPIO 3/DMA1
FPIO 4/DMA2
Select the Ultra DMA mode used for
Ultra DMA*
Disabled
moving data to/from the drive.
Mode 0
Mode 1
Mode 2
Mode 3
Mode 4
Mode 5
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-7
Processor Settings
Option
Processor Retest
Parameter
[No]
Yes
Processor Speed
nnn GHz
Processor 1 CPUID
Numeral
Disabled
Processor 1 L2 Cache
nnn KB
Processor 2 CPUID
Numeral
Disabled
Processor 2 L2 Cache
nnn KB
Execute Disable Bit
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
Virtualization Technology
C1 Enhanced Mode
Intel SpeedStep(R)
Technology
Description
If yes, BIOS will clear historical
processor status and retest the
processor on the next boot.
Displays clock speed for the
processor. (View only)
Displays CPU ID for processor, if
present.
"Disabled" indicates that the
processor is defected. (View only)
Displays L2 cache size for
processor.
Displays CPU ID for processor, if
present.
"Disabled" indicates that the
processor is defected. (View only)
Displays L2 cache size for
processor.
Displayed only when the CPU
supports Execute Disable Bit.
Enables or disables the Intel(R)
virtualization technology.
Enables or disables the C1
Enhanced Mode.
Fixed to "Disabled" if the processor
does not support this feature.
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
4-8 Configuring Your Server
Advanced
Option
Memory Configuration
Parameter
–
PCI Configuration
–
Peripheral Configuration
–
Advanced Chipset Control
–
Boot-time Diagnostic
Screen
Enabled
[Disabled]
Reset Configuration Data
[No]
Yes
NumLock
On
[Off]
[Boot]
Halt
Memory/Processor Error
Description
Displays Memory Configuration
submenu.
Displays PCI Configuration
submenu.
Displays Peripheral Configuration
submenu.
Displays Advanced Chipset Control
submenu.
When disabled, the BIOS will display
the NEC logo during POST. Press
Esc to switch to the POST execution
screen.
Select "Yes" if you want to clear the
system configuration data during the
next boot. Automatically reset to
"No" in the next boot.
Sets power on Numlock state.
Your Setting
If "Halt" is selected, the boot is
stopped when POST error occurs.
[
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-9
Memory Configuration
Option
System Memory
Parameter
nnn KB
Extended Memory
nnnnnnn KB
DIMM Group #1 #6
Normal
Disabled
Not installed
Memory Retest
Extended RAM
Step
Yes
[No]
1MB
1KB
Every location
[Disabled]
Memory RAS
Feature
[Interleave]
Mirror
Sparing
[Disabled]
Enabled
Description
Indicates the total capacity of the basic
memory. (View only)
Indicates the total capacity of the
extended memory. (View only)
Indicates the current memory status.
"Normal" indicates the normal status,
"Disabled" indicates a memory error, and
"Not installed" indicates no DIMM installed
(view only).
DIMM Group #1: DIMM sockets #11 and #21
DIMM Group #2: DIMM sockets #31 and #41
DIMM Group #3: DIMM sockets #12 and #22
DIMM Group #4: DIMM sockets #32 and #42
DIMM Group #5: DIMM sockets #13 and #23
DIMM Group #6: DIMM sockets #33 and #43
Causes BIOS to retest all memory on the
next boot.
"1MB" indicates that the memory test is
done in the unit of 1MB. "1KB" indicates
that the memory test is done in the unit of
1KB. "Every location" tests every memory
location. "Disabled" indicates that only
memory initialization is done.
Only pressing Space is acceptable to
suspend the test during the memory test.
Disables or enables memory mirroring
feature. See "DIMM" in Chapter 9 for
details.
Disables or enables online spare memory
feature. See "DIMM" in Chapter 9 for
details.
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
4-10 Configuring Your Server
PCI Configuration
– Onboard Video Controller submenu
Option
VGA Controller
Onboard VGA
Option ROM Scan
Parameter
Disabled
[Enabled]
[Auto]
Force
Description
If Disabled, the BIOS will hold the
embedded chip in reset.
Allows selecting the onboard VGA controller
or optional PCI VGA controller as the
display device that will be active when the
system boots.
The “Force” option is selected to use the
onboard VGA controller if the optional PCI
VGA controller is installed in the system.
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
– Onboard LAN submenu
Option
LAN Controller
LAN1 Option ROM
Scan
LAN2 Option ROM
Scan
Parameter
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Description
If Disabled, the BIOS will hold the
embedded chip in reset.
If Enabled, initialize device expansion ROM.
Your Setting
If Enabled, initialize device expansion ROM.
[
Option
PCI Slot 1B Option
ROM
Parameter
Disabled
[Enabled]
PCI Slot 1C
Option ROM
Disabled
[Enabled]
Description
Used to enable or disable an option ROM
on a PCI board connected to the full-height
riser card.
Used to enable or disable an option ROM
on a PCI board connected to the low-profile
riser card.
]: Factory-set
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-11
Peripheral Configuration
IMPORTANT: Note that the interrupt and/or base I/O address are not
overlapped with others. If the value set for the interrupt or base I/O
address is used in another resource, the yellow asterisk (*) appears.
Reset any item with the yellow asterisk properly.
Option
Serial Port A
Base I/O
address
Interrupt
Serial Port B
Base I/O
address
Interrupt
USB Controller
USB 2.0 Controller
Parallel ATA
Serial ATA
SATA Controller
Mode Option
Parameter
Disabled
[Enabled]
[3F8]
2F8
3E8
2E8
IRQ 3
[IRQ 4]
Disabled
[Enabled]
3F8
[2F8]
3E8
2E8
[IRQ 3]
IRQ 4
[Enabled]
Disabled
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Compatible
[Enhanced]
SATA AHCI
Disabled
[Enabled]
SATA RAID
Disabled
[Enabled]
Description
Selects whether serial port A is enabled or
disabled.
Selects the base I/O address for serial port
A.
Your Setting
Selects the interrupt for a serial port A.
Selects whether serial port B is enabled or
disabled.
Selects the base I/O address for serial port
A.
Selects the interrupt for a serial port A.
Selects the USB controller is enabled or
disabled.
Selects the USB 2.0 controller is enabled or
disabled.
Selects parallel ATA is enabled or disabled.
Selects whether the serial ATA is enabled or
disabled.
Selects an operation mode of onboard
SATA controller. Displayed only when Serial
ATA is enabled.
Compatible mode:
SATA drives are automatically detected
and recognized as legacy mode.
Enhanced mode:
SATA drives are automatically detected
and recognized as native mode.
Selects whether AHCI (Advanced Host
Controller Interface) is enabled or disabled.
Displayed only when [Enhanced] is selected
for [SATA Controller Mode Option].
When set to [Enabled], this menu appears if
RAID configuration jumper switch is set to
[RAID enable] position. See Chapter 4 for
details.
[
]: Factory-set
4-12 Configuring Your Server
Advanced Chipset Control
Option
Multimedia Timer
Intel(R) I/O AT
Wake On Ring
Wake On RTC
Alarm
Parameter
[Disabled]
Enabled
Disabled
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Enabled
[Disabled]
Enabled
Description
Specify whether the system supports
the multimedia timer feature.
Enables or disables the Intel(R)
Acceleration technology.
Specify whether the remote power-on
function through a serial port is
enabled or disabled.
Specify whether the remote power-on
function by using RTC alarm feature is
enabled or disabled.
Your Setting
[
IMPORTANT:
„
If the AC power is turned off while the Wake On Ring feature is
enabled, this feature is disabled at the next system boot after AC
power-on. You need to press the Power switch to boot the system. If
the AC power is turned off, Wake On Ring feature on power
management chip is disabled until the next DC power-on.
„
To use this feature on Windows Server 2003, see Chapter 8
"Problems with Windows Server 2003".
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-13
Security
The Security menu appears if you move the cursor to the position of "Security."
Press Enter on "Set Supervisor Password" or "Set User Password," to display the following screen.
Enter the passwords on the dialog box. Passwords may have up to eight characters including
alphanumerics and symbols.
IMPORTANT:
„
User password can be set only when Supervisor password is already
set.
„
Set the passwords only after OS is installed.
See the table below for the items.
Option
Security Chip
Configuration
Supervisor
Password Is
Parameter
–
User Password Is
Clear
Set
Set Supervisor
Password
Up to eight
alphanumerics
Clear
Set
Description
Security Chip Configuration submenu
is displayed.
Status only, user cannot modify.
Once set, this can be disabled by
setting it to a null string, or by clearing
password jumper on system board
(see Configuring Mother Board
Jumpers in this Chapter).
Status only, user cannot modify.
Once set, this can be disabled by
setting it to a null string, or by clearing
password jumper on system board
(see Configuring Mother Board
Jumpers in this Chapter).
When the <Enter> key is pressed, the
user is prompted for a password;
press ESC key to abort. Once set, this
can be disabled by setting it to a null
string, or by clearing password jumper
on system board (refer to Configuring
Mother Board Jumpers in this
chapter).
Your Setting
4-14 Configuring Your Server
Option
Set User
Password
Parameter
Up to eight
alphanumerics
Password on boot
Fixed disk boot
sector
[Disabled]
Enabled
[Normal]
Write Protect
Power Switch
Inhibit
[Disabled]
Enabled
Description
Supervisor password controls access
to the setup utility.
When Enter is pressed, the user is
prompted for a password; press Esc
to abort. Once set, this can be
disabled by setting it to a null string, or
by clearing password jumper on
system board (refer to Configuring
Mother Board Jumpers in this
chapter).
Disables or enables password entry
on boot.
Will write protect the boot sector of the
hard drive to prevent viruses from
corrupting the drive under DOS if set
to write protect.
Enables or disables the POWER
switch. If "Enabled" is selected,
power-off with the POWER switch
becomes unavailable after OS bootup. (Forced shut down feature is
always acceptable to the server.
Forced shut down is a feature to shut
down by pressing the POWER switch
for at least four seconds.)
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
Security Chip Configuration Submenu
Option
TPM Support
Current TPM
State
Change TPM
State
Parameter
[Disabled]
Enabled
–
Description
Disables or enables TPM feature.
[No Change]
Enable & Activate
Deactivate & Disable
Clear
Changes TPM state.
Your Setting
Displays the current TPM state.
[
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-15
Server
Option
System
Management
Console
Redirection
BMC LAN
Configuration
Event Log
Configuration
Assert NMI on
PERR
Assert NMI on
SERR
FRB-2 Policy
Boot Monitoring
Boot Monitoring
Policy
Parameter
–
–
–
–
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disabled
[Enabled]
Disable FRB2
Timer
Disable BSP
Do Not Disable
BSP
[Retry 3 Times]
[Disabled]
5 Minutes
10 minutes
15 minutes
20 minutes
25 minutes
30 minutes
35 minutes
40 minutes
45 minutes
50 minutes
55 minutes
60 minutes
[Retry 3 Times]
Always Reset
Thermal Sensor
Disabled
[Enabled]
BMC IRQ
Disabled
[IRQ 11]
Description
System Management submenu is
displayed.
Console Redirection submenu is
displayed.
BMC LAN Configuration submenu is
displayed.
Event Log Configuration submenu is
displayed.
Specify whether to support PCI PERR or
not.
Specify whether to support PCI SERR or
not.
Set the FRB level 2 timer.
Specify whether to enable or disable the
boot monitoring function on booting, or
select the time limit for timeout.
To use this function, install NEC
ESMPRO Agent. Set this item to
"Disabled" if the system is booted from
OS without installation of NEC
ESMPRO Agent.
Specify the processing at the
occurrence of timeout during boot
monitoring.
If [Retry 3 times] is selected, the system
is reset after the occurrence of timeout
and OS boot is retried up to three times.
If [Always Reset] is selected, the system
is reset after the occurrence of timeout
and OS boot is retried repeatedly.
* If no service partition exists in the
system, OS boot is retried repeatedly
from the system partition.
Specify whether to enable or disable the
thermal sensor monitoring function. If a
thermal error is detected with this item
being set to "Enabled", the system stops
at the end of POST.
Determines routing of the BMC
interrupt.
Your Setting
4-16 Configuring Your Server
Option
Post Error Pause
Parameter
Disabled
[Enabled]
AC-LINK
Stay Off
[Last State]
Power On
[20] - 255
Power ON Delay
Time (Sec)
Platform Event
Filtering
Disabled
[Enabled]
Description
Specify whether to stop the POST once
at the end of POST if an error occurs
during the POST.
Specify the state of power when the AC
power to the server is turn off once and
then on.
Your Setting
Specify the power on delay time within
the range between 0 and 255 seconds.
The time specified is valid when "Power
On" or "Last State" is specified for AC
LINK.
Specify whether to enable or disable the
platform event filtering (PEF) feature.
[
]: Factory-set
IMPORTANT: To power on the server from the UPS (Uninterruptible
Power Supply), select [Server] - [AC LINK] - [Power On].
The table below shows the operation when the AC power to the server is turn off once and then on
again, depending on the setting of "AC LINK."
System status before AC power off
Operating
Aborting (DC power being off also)
Forced shutdown
Setting of AC LINK
Stay Off
Last State
Off
On
Off
Off
Off
Off
Power On
On
On
On
* Press the power switch continuously for four seconds or longer. This forcibly turns off the power.
Configuring Your Server
4-17
System Management Submenu
Option
BIOS Version
Parameter
–
Board Part Number
–
Board Serial Number
–
System Part Number
–
System Serial Number
–
Chassis Part Number
–
Chassis Serial Number
–
Onboard LAN1 MAC
Address
Onboard LAN2 MAC
Address
Management LAN MAC
Address
BMC Device ID
BMC Device Revision
–
–
–
BMC Firmware Revision
–
SDR Revision
–
PIA Revision
–
–
–
Description
Displays the current BIOS version.
(View only)
Displays the part number of mother
board. (View only)
Displays the serial number of mother
board. (View only)
Displays the part number of the
system. (View only)
Displays the serial number of the
system. (View only)
Displays the part number of the
chassis. (View only)
Displays the serial number of the
chassis. (View only)
Displays the MAC address of the
onboard LAN port 1. (View only)
Displays the MAC address of the
onboard LAN port 2. (View only)
Displays the MAC address of the
management LAN port. (View only)
Displays BMC device ID. (View only)
Displays BMC device revision. (View
only)
Displays BMC firmware revision.
(View only)
Displays revision of the sensor data
record.
Displays revision of the platform
information area. (View only)
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
4-18 Configuring Your Server
Console Redirection Submenu
Option
BIOS Redirection
Port
Baud Rate
Flow Control
Console Type
Continue
Redirection after
POST
Remote Console
Reset
Parameter
[Disabled]
Serial Port A
Serial Port B
9600
[19.2K]
38.4K
57.6K
115.2K
None
Xon/Xoff
[CTS/RTS]
CTS/RTS+CD
PC ANSI
[VT100+]
VT-UTF8
Disabled
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Enabled
Description
Specify the address/interrupt of the
serial port to which a remote console
is connected.
Your Setting
Specify the baud rate used for the
interface with successive remote
consoles.
Specify the flow control method.
Specify the type of remote console.
Specify whether to continue console
redirection feature after completion of
POST.
Specify whether to enable or disable
resetting by Escape command (Esc R)
sent from the remote console.
[
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-19
BMC LAN Configuration Submenu
Option
IP Address
Parameter
[192.168.001.001]
Subnet Mask
[255.255.255.000]
Default Gateway
[000.000.000.000]
DHCP
[Disabled]
Enabled
Web Interface
HTTP
–
[Disabled]
Enabled
[80]
HTTP Port
Number
HTTPS
HTTPS Port
Number
[Disabled]
Enabled
[443]
Command Line
Interface
Telnet
–
Telnet Port
Number
SSH
[23]
[Disabled]
Enabled
[Disabled]
Enabled
SSH Port Number
[22]
Clear BMC
Configuration
[Enter]
Description
Specify an IP address for
management LAN.
Specify a subnet mask for
management LAN.
Specify a default gateway for
management LAN.
Set to [Enabled] to obtain an IP
address from DHCP server
automatically. If you intend to specify
an IP address manually, set to
[Disabled].
–
Set to [Enabled] to use HTTP
communication for Web interface.
Specify the TCP port number which
the management LAN uses for HTTP
communication.
Set to [Enabled] to use HTTPS
communication for Web interface.
Specify the TCP port number which
the management LAN uses for HTTPS
communication.
–
Your Setting
Set to [Enabled] to use Telnet
communication as a command line
interface.
Specify the TCP port number to be
used for Telnet communication.
Set to [Enabled] to use SSH
communication as a command line
interface.
Specify the TCP port number to be
used for SSH communication.
Press Enter and select "Yes" to
initialize the BMC configuration.
[
]: Factory-set
4-20 Configuring Your Server
IMPORTANT: Notes on performing Clear BMC Configuration
„
Executing "Load Setup Defaults" in BIOS SETUP utility does not
restore the default value for settings related to management LAN of
BMC. To restore the default value, you need to execute Clear BMC
Configuration.
„
It takes about several tens seconds until initialization completes
after execution of Clear BMC Configuration.
„
Executing Clear BMC Configuration also clears settings made in
NEC DianaScope. Before execution, be sure make backup copy of
setting information of NEC DianaScope.
NOTE: Executing [Save Custom Defaults/Load Custom Defaults] of
BIOS SETUP does not save the settings you have made in BMC LAN
Configuration menu.
Event Log Configuration Submenu
Option
System Event Log
Parameter
–
Clear All Event
Logs
–
Description
System Event Log submenu is
displayed.
Press Enter and select "Yes" to clear
the system event log.
Your Setting
[
]: Factory-set
Configuring Your Server
4-21
Boot
If you move the cursor to the position of "Boot," the Boot menu appears, which is used to set the
boot priority.
Indication
USB CDROM
IDE CD
USB FDC
USB KEY
IDE HDD
PCI SCSI
PCI BEV
1.
Device
USB CD-ROM drive
ATAPI CD-ROM (including optical disk drive)
USB floppy disk drive
USB flash memory device
IDE hard disk drives
Internal hard disk drives installed in your system (“Software RAID” is
displayed in the RAID configuration.)
IBA GE Slot xxxx
Onboard LAN.
LAN1: Slot 0C00, LAN2: Slot 0C01
Other indication
Optional PCI board connected to the riser module.
When BIOS detects a bootable device, it displays the information on the device in the
relevant indication.
To boot the server from a desired device, the device must be registered as a boot device.
(Up to eight boot devices can be registered.)
2.
Pressing X after selecting a device allows the selected device to be registered as a boot
device or deleted from the registration.
With eight boot devices being registered, any other device cannot be registered as a boot
device even if you press X. To register a device as a boot device newly, first delete the
registration of a device registered as a boot device but not booted any more.
Pressing Shift + 1 after selecting a device allows the selected device to be made
enabled/disabled.
3.
You can change the boot priority (first to eighth) of each device by using ↑, ↓, + and/or –.
To change the priority of a device, move the cursor to the device by using the ↑ or ↓, and
press + or –.
4-22 Configuring Your Server
Exit
The options on the menu are described below.
IMPORTANT: For 3.5-inch disk model, record the current SATA
controller options in the Peripheral Configuration page of the Advance
menu before reloading the Setup or custom defaults. The SATA
controller options affect the RAID System configuration.
Exit Saving Changes
Exit after writing all modified BIOS SETUP item values to CMOS.
Exit Discarding Changes
Exit leaving CMOS unmodified. User is prompted if any of the setup fields ware modified.
Load Setup Defaults
Load default values for all BIOS SETUP items.
Load Custom Defaults
Load custom defaults for BIOS SETUP options.
Save Custom Defaults
Saves the current values as custom defaults. The “Load Custom Defaults” menu appears on the
screen after saving the custom default values.
Discard Changes
Read the previous values of the all BIOS SETUP items from CMOS.
Save Changes
Write all BIOS SETUP item values to CMOS.
Configuring Your Server
4-23
RAID SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
This section describes how to use the internal hard disk drives as RAID System by Onboard RAID
Controller (LSI Embedded MegaRAID) installed in 3.5-inch disk model or Internal RAID
Controller (equivalent to N8103-116) installed in 2.5-inch disk model.
About the optional RAID Controller for 3.5-inch disk model (N8103-116/117), refer to the
documents provided with optional RAID Controller.
RAID
Overview of RAID System
What is RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks)?
RAID is an abbreviation for "Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks". The RAID technology allows
more than one hard disk drive (HDD) to be handled collectively.
In actual, RAID can configure more than one HDDs as a single array (disk group) to operate the
HDDs effectively. This can bring higher performance than a single HDD of a large capacity.
The Onboard RAID Controller (LSI Embedded MegaRAID) or Internal RAID Controller
(equivalent to N8103-116) has a feature to divide a single disk group into several logical drives
(virtual disks). The RAID controller recognizes these virtual disks as if it were a single hard disk
drive. The RAID Controller accesses to more than one hard disk drive configuring a disk group in
parallel.
Some RAID levels can recover data from remaining data and parity by using rebuild feature if an
error occurs in a single HDD. This can provide high reliability for the system.
4-24 Configuring Your Server
RAID Levels
The record mode enabling the RAID feature includes several levels. Among the levels, the Onboard
RAID Controller (LSI Embedded MegaRAID) supports RAID levels 0 and 1. The Internal RAID
Controller (equivalent to N8103-116) supports RAID levels 0, 1, 5, and 6. The number of hard disk
drives required to create a disk group varies depending on the RAID level as shown in the table
below.
RAID level
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 5
RAID 6
Number of required HDDs
Min.
Max.
1
8
2
2
3
8
3
8
IMPORTANT: To use RAID 5 or RAID 6, with Internal RAID
Controller (equivalent to N8103-116), you need to additionally install
the optional N8103-119 RAID Upgrade Kit.
NOTE: For details of the RAID levels, see "RAID Levels" described
later in this chapter.
Disk Group
A disk group is configured with more than one HDDs.
The allowable number of disk groups is equal to the number of HDDs.
The figure below shows a sample configuration. The three HDDs are connected to the Onboard
RAID Controller (LSI Embedded MegaRAID) or Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103116), creating one disk group (DG).
RAID Controller
Disk Group 0: 108 GB
HDD 1
(36 GB)
HDD 2
(36 GB)
HDD 3
(36 GB)
Configuring Your Server
4-25
Virtual Disk
Virtual disk is a logical drive defined in disk group. It is recognized as a physical drive by OS. The
allowable number of virtual disks is up to 16 per disk group, or up to 64 per controller.
The figure below shows a sample configuration in which the Onboard RAID Controller (LSI
Embedded MegaRAID) or Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103-116) is connected with
three HDDs, creating one Disk Group. Two RAID5 virtual disks (VD) are defined in the Disk
Group.
RAID Controller
DG0 108 GB
VD0-1
20GB
VD0-2
20GB
VD0-3
20GB
VD0 (RAID5)
40 GB
VD1-1
16 GB
VD1-2
16 GB
VD1-3
16 GB
VD1 (RAID5)
32 GB
HDD 1
(36 GB)
HDD 2
(36 GB)
HDD 3
(36 GB)
Parity
The parity means redundant data. A single set of redundant data is created from the data saved in
more than one HDD.
The created redundant data is used for data recovery when a HDD is defected.
Hot-Swap
The hot-swap enables a HDD to be removed (or replaced) under system operation.
Hot-Spare
The hot-spare is prepared as an auxiliary HDD substituting for a defected HDD included in a logical
drive which is configured at a redundant RAID level. Detecting a HDD fault, the system
disconnects the HDD (or makes it offline) and starts rebuild using the hot-spare.
4-26 Configuring Your Server
RAID Levels
Characteristics of RAID Levels
The table below lists the characteristics of the RAID levels.
Level
RAID0
Function
Striping
Redundancy
No
RAID1
Mirroring
Yes
RAID5
Striping of both data
and redundant data
Yes
RAID6
Striping of both data
and redundant data
Yes
Characteristics
• Data read/write at the highest rate
• Largest capacity
• Capacity: (capacity of single HDD) ×
(number of HDDs)
• Two HDDs required
• Capacity: capacity of single HDD
• Three or more HDDs required
• Capacity: (capacity of single HDD) ×
((number of HDDs) - 1)
• Three or more HDDs required
• Capacity: (capacity of single HDD) ×
((number of HDDs) - 2)
IMPORTANT: To use RAID 5 or RAID 6 with Internal RAID
Controller (equivalent to N8103-116), you need to additionally install
the optional N8103-119 RAID Upgrade Kit.
Configuring Your Server
4-27
RAID0
In RAID0, data to be recorded is distributed to HDDs. The mode is called "striping".
In the figure below, data is recorded in stripe 1 (disk 1), stripe 2 (disk 2), and stripe 3 (disk 3)… in
the order. Because RAID0 allows all HDDs to be accessed collectively, it can provide the best disk
access performance.
IMPORTANT: RAID0 cannot have data redundancy. If a HDD is
defected, the data saved in the HDD cannot be recovered.
RAID Controller
HDD 1
HDD 2
HDD 3
Stripe 1
Stripe 2
Stripe 3
Stripe 4
Stripe 5
Stripe 6
RAID1
In the RAID1 level, data saved in a HDD is written to another HDD without change. The mode is
called "mirroring".
When data is written onto a single HDD, the same data is written onto another HDD. If either of the
HDDs is defected, the other HDD containing the same data can substitute for the defected HDD.
Thus the system can continue to operate without interruption.
RAID Controller
HDD 1
HDD 2
Stripe 1
Stripe 1
Stripe 2
Stripe 2
4-28 Configuring Your Server
RAID5
In RAID5, data is distributed to HDDs by striping and, at the same time, the parity (redundant data)
is distributed to the HDDs. This mode is called "striping with distributed parity".
Each of stripe x, stripe x+1, and parity (x, x+1) created from stripe x and stripe x+1 is written onto a
specific HDD. Accordingly, the total capacity assigned to the parity is just the same as the capacity
of a single HDD. If any one of the HDDs configuring a logical drive is defected, data is still
available with no problems.
RAID Controller
HDD 1
HDD 2
HDD 3
Stripe 1
Stripe 2
Parity (1, 2)
Stripe 4
Parity (3, 4)
Stripe 3
Parity (5, 6)
Stripe 5
Stripe 6
RAID6
A RAID 6 extends RAID 5 by adding an additional parity block (Q) created by different calculation
method such as weighting by some factor, thus it uses block-level striping with two parity blocks
distributed across all member disks. This mode is called "striping with duplex and distributed
parity". Accordingly, the total capacity assigned to the parity is just the same as the capacity of two
HDDs. If any two of the HDDs configuring a logical drive are defected, data is still available with
no problems.
RAID Controller
HDD 1
HDD 2
HDD 3
HDD 4
Stripe 1
Stripe 2
Parity P (1,2)
Parity Q (1,2)
Stripe 4
Parity P (3,4)
Parity Q (3,4)
Stripe 3
Parity P (5,6)
Parity Q (5,6)
Stripe 5
Stripe 6
Parity Q (7,8)
Stripe 7
Stripe 8
Parity P (7,8)
Configuring Your Server
4-29
Configuration by Onboard RAID Controller (3.5-inch Disk Model)
This section describes how to use the internal hard disk drives as RAID System by Onboard RAID
Controller (LSI Embedded MegaRAID) of 3.5-inch disk model.
Installing the Hard Disk Drives
Install the two or more SAS hard disk drives to your server. See Chapter 9 for detail.
IMPORTANT: Use two hard disk drives of the same revolution. In
addition, use two hard disk drives of the same capacity if you are going
to configure RAID1.
Enabling RAID Feature
To configure a hard disk drive as RAID System, change the BIOS setting or the RAID System
configuration jumper switch on mother board.
NOTE: The RAID System is factory-set to "Enabled".
WARNING
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages 1-3
to 1-8 for details.
„
„
Do not disassemble, repair, or alter the server.
Do not remove the lithium battery.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages 1-3
to 1-8 for details.
„
„
„
„
„
„
Make sure to complete board installation.
Do not install the server on a rack with leaving covers removed.
Do not pinch your finger with mechanical components.
Note high temperature.
Do not pull out a device from the rack if the rack is unstable.
Do not leave more than one device being pulled out from the rack.
4-30 Configuring Your Server
1.
See the section "Preparing for Installation and Removal" as described in Chapter 9 of this
guide to prepare.
2.
Remove the logic cover (see Chapter 9).
3.
Remove the riser card (see Chapter 9).
4.
Locate the position of the RAID configuration jumper on the mother board as shown
below.
RAID configuration jumper
RAID
disable
RAID
enable
REAR
FRONT
Mother board
5.
Remove the jumper from position 2 – 3 on jumper block.
6.
Reinstall the jumper on position 1 – 2 on jumper block.
7.
Reinstall the server removed in Step 2.
8.
Plug the power cord to your server and turn on the server.
9.
Run the BIOS SETUP utility described earlier in the chapter.
10.
Choose the Peripheral Configuration submenu in the Advanced menu.
11.
Change the options as follows.
SATA Controller Mode Option: Enhanced
SATA RAID: Enabled
12.
Save and exit the BIOS SETUP utility
Configuring Your Server
4-31
Running LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
1.
When the following screen appears after you have powered on the server, press Esc.
The POST screen appears.
2.
Check the description as shown below on the POST screen, then press Ctrl + M.
LSI SoftwareRAID BIOS Version xxxxxx
LSI MPT RAID Found at PCI Bus No:xx Bev No:xx
Scanning for port 00 Responding xxxxxxxx xxxxMB
Standard FW xxx DRAM=128MB(SDRAM)
xx Logical drive(s) Configured
Press <Ctrl><M> to Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility starts.
If you fail to press Ctrl + M and the system proceeds without displaying the following
menu screen, reboot the system, and press Ctrl + M on POST screen.
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility TOP Menu (Management Menu)
4-32 Configuring Your Server
To quit the utility, press Esc in the TOP menu of LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
When a confirmation message appears, select [Yes].
When the above message appears, press Ctrl + Alt + Delete.
The server is rebooted.
Configuring Your Server
4-33
Menu Tree
+: Selection/execution parameter ‘: Setting parameter. •: Information display
>: Can be set (modified) after creation of virtual drive
Menu
+Configure
+Easy Configuration
+New Configuration
+View/Add Configuration
+Clear Configuration
+Select Boot Drive
+Initialize
+Objects
+Adapter
+Sel. Adapter
‘Rebuild Rate
‘Chk Const Rate
‘FGI Rate
‘BGI Rate
‘Disk WC
‘Read Ahead
‘Bios State
‘Cont on Error
‘Fast Init
‘Auto Rebuild
‘Auto Resume
‘Disk Coercion
‘Factory Default
+Virtual Drive
+Virtual Drives
+Initialize
+Check Consistency
+View/Update Parameters
• RAID
• SIZE
• Stripe SIZE
• #Stripes
• State
• Spans
• Disk WC
• Read Ahead
+Physical Drive
+Physical Drive Selection Menu
+Make HotSpare
+Force Online
+Force Offline
+Drive Properties
• Device Type
• Capacity
• Product ID
• Revision No.
+Rebuild
+Check Consistency
Description
Performs Configuration settings
Set configuration (Using fixed value)
Set new configuration
Additional setting / viewing configuration
Clear configuration
Chose Bootable Virtual Drive
Initialize virtual drive
Various settings
Set disk array controller
Clear configuration
30
30
30
30
Off
On
Enable
Yes
Enable
On
Enable
1GB
Virtual drive operation
Select virtual drive (when multiple virtual drives exist)
Initialize virtual drive
Check virtual drive redundancy
Display virtual drive information
Display RAID level
Display virtual drive capacity
Display stripe size
Display the number of hard disk drives in virtual drive
Display virtual drive status
Off: Write through
On: Write back
Physical drive operation
Select physical drive
Set as hot-spare disk for auto rebuilding
Make a disk online
Make a disk offline
Display hard disk drive information
Hard disk drive type
Hard disk drive capacity
Hard disk drive model
Hard disk drive revision
Perform rebuilding
Perform virtual drive redundancy check
4-34 Configuring Your Server
Operating Procedures for Configuration Utility
Creating/Adding Configuration
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
Set new configuration information (pack/virtual drive settings)
Check the virtual drive settings
Initialize virtual drive
Perform Consistency Check
Exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
1.
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
Select "Configure" → "New Configuration" from the TOP menu (Management Menu).
Select "View/add Configuration" to add configuration.
IMPORTANT:
„
Creating a configuration using "New Configuration" menu clears
the existing configuration information. To add configuration
information to the existing configuration, select "View/add
Configuration."
„
You cannot create Spanning of RAID1 or set the virtual drive
capacity on "Easy Configuration" menu.
Use "New Configuration" or "View/Add Configuration" instead.
Configuring Your Server
2.
4-35
When a confirmation message (Proceed?) is displayed, select "Yes."
The SCAN DEVICE starts (scanning information is displayed at the bottom of the screen).
Upon completion of SCAN DEVICE, the "New Configuration - ARRAY SELECTION
MENU" screen appears.
3.
Move the cursor onto the hard disk drive to be packed by using cursor key and then press
Space to select the hard disk drive.
The display for the selected hard disk drive changes from READY to ONLINE.
4.
Press F10 to set "Select Configurable Array(s)".
5.
Press Space.
SPAN-1 is set.
4-36 Configuring Your Server
6.
Press F10 to create virtual drive.
The "Virtual Drives Configure" screen appears. (The figure below shows an example of
RAID1 configured with two hard disk drives.)
7.
Select "RAID," "Size", "DWC", "RA", or "Span" by using cursor keys. Then press Enter
to fix the selection and set each value.
(1) "RAID": Sets RAID level.
Parameter
0
1
Remarks
RAID0
RAID1
The selectable RAID level varies depending on the number of hard disk drives
that configure a pack.
(2) "Size": Sets virtual drive size.
Up to 8 virtual drives can be created per RAID Controller.
(3) "DWC": Sets parameter for Disk Write Cache.
Parameter
Off
On *1
Remarks
Write through
Write back
*1 Recommended setting.
"Write-back On" enables good performance, however, cache data may be lost at
an unexpected power failure. "Write-back Off" reduces performance by
approximately 50%.
(4) "RA": Sets parameter for Read Ahead.
Parameter
Off
On
Remarks
Does not perform read ahead.
Performs read ahead.
Configuring Your Server
4-37
(5) "Span: Sets Span.
Parameter
SPAN=NO
SPAN=YES
Remarks
Does not set span.
Sets span.
When performing SPAN, create two or more sets of the same pack at pack creation,
as shown in the figure below.
SPANNING of RAID1
8.
When all settings are completed, select "Accept" and then press Enter to create virtual
drive.
The created virtual drive is displayed in the "Virtual Drive Configured" screen.
9.
After creating virtual drive, press Esc to close the screen.
Go back to the "Save Configuration?" screen and then select "Yes" to save the
configuration.
10.
When the confirmation message shows that the configuration has been saved, press Esc
to return to the TOP menu screen.
11.
On the TOP menu screen, select "Objects" → "Virtual Drive" → "View/Update
Parameters" to check virtual drive information.
12.
Select "Initialize" in the TOP menu screen.
13.
When the "Virtual Drives" screen appears, move the cursor to the virtual drive to be
initialized, and press Space.
The virtual drive is selected.
14.
After selecting virtual drive, press F10 to start initialization.
A confirmation screen for execution appears. Select "Yes" to start initialization.
When the progress bar in the "Initialize Virtual Drive Progress" screen indicates 100%,
initialization is completed.
4-38 Configuring Your Server
15.
Execute Check Consistency on the virtual drive that has been initialized.
See "Check Consistency" for details.
16.
Press Esc to return to the TOP menu and exit from LSI Software RAID Configuration
Utility.
IMPORTANT: Be sure to execute Check Consistency after creating
configuration.
Configuring Your Server
4-39
Manual Rebuild
Replace hard disk drive
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
Execute rebuilding
Exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
1.
Replace a hard disk drive and turn on the server.
2.
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
3.
Select "Rebuild" from the TOP menu.
The "Rebuild – PHYSICAL DRIVES SELECTION MENU" screen appears.
4.
Move the cursor onto the hard disk drive displaying "FAIL," and then press Space to
select it.
Multiple hard disk drives can be selected (simultaneous rebuilding.)
5.
The "FAIL" indication for the hard disk drive selected starts blinking.
6.
When hard disk drive has been selected, press F10 to start rebuilding.
7.
When confirmation screen for execution appears. Select "Yes".
The rebuild process starts.
When the progress bar in the "Rebuild Physical Drives in Progress" screen indicates 100%,
rebuilding is completed.
8.
Press Esc to return to the TOP menu and exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
4-40 Configuring Your Server
Setting Hot Spare
Install a hard disk drive
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
Set for hot spare.
Exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
1.
Install a hard disk drive to be used as hot spare, and then turn on the server.
2.
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
3.
Select "Objects" → "Physical Drive" from the TOP menu.
The "Objects - PHYSICAL DRIVE SELECTION MENU" screen appears.
4.
Move the cursor onto the hard disk drive to be used as hot spare and press Enter.
5.
The "Port #X" screen appears. Select "Make HotSpare."
6.
A confirmation screen appears. Select "Yes."
The hard disk drive indication is changed to "HOTSP."
Configuring Your Server
7.
4-41
Press Esc to return to the TOP menu and exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
IMPORTANT:
„
Select "Objects" → "Physical Drive" → "Port #X" → "Force
Offline" to cancel the hot spare setting.
„
When two or more hard disk drives (of the same capacity) are
assigned as hot spare, rebuilding is performed in order starting from
the one with the smaller CH number/ID number.
4-42 Configuring Your Server
Check Consistency
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
Perform Check Consistency
Exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
1.
Run LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
2.
Select "Check Consistency" from the TOP menu.
The "Virtual Drives" screen appears.
3.
Move the cursor onto the virtual drive to be checked, and press Space to select it.
4.
When virtual drive has been selected, press F10 to start consistency check.
5.
A confirmation screen for execution appears. Select "Yes".
The consistency check starts.
When the progress bar in the "Check Consistency Progress" screen indicates 100%, the
consistency check is completed.
6.
Press Esc to return to the TOP menu and exit LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility.
IMPORTANT: Be sure to execute Check Consistency after creating
configuration.
Configuring Your Server
4-43
Others
„
Clear Configuration
Clears configuration information. Select "Configure" → "Clear Configuration" from the
TOP menu. Executing "Clear Configuration" clears all configuration information on the
RAID Controller and hard disk drives. The configuration information on all channels of
the RAID Controller is also cleared.
NOTES:
„
„
When configuration information on the RAID Controller and that on
the hard disk drive do not match (excluding at replacement of faulty
RAID Controller), configuration mail fail if you select the
configuration information on the RAID Controller. In this case,
execute "Clear Configuration" to create configuration again.
„
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility cannot delete each virtual
drive. Use Universal RAID Utility instead.
Force Online
Puts a hard disk drive being in the FAIL status online.
Select "Objects" → "Physical Drive" → (select hard disk drive) → "Force Online" from
the TOP menu.
„
Rebuild Rate
Sets the Rebuild Rate.
Select "Objects" → "Adapter" → "Sel. Adapter" → "Rebuild Rate" from the TOP menu.
Available value is between 0% and 100%. Default value (recommended) is 30%.
„
Hard disk drive information
Checks hard disk drive information.
Select "Objects" → "Physical Drive" → (select hard disk drive) → "Drive Properties"
from the TOP menu.
4-44 Configuring Your Server
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility and Universal RAID Utility
You can use Universal RAID Utility for configuration and management, monitoring of RAID
System after start up operating system.
The point to keep in mind when I use Universal RAID Utility together with LSI Software RAID
Configuration Utility is as follows.
Terms
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility and Universal RAID Utility are different in term. When
you use Universal RAID Utility together with LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility, please
convert terms by the following list.
Term of LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
Adapter
Logical Drive
Array
Physical Drive
Term of Universal RAID Utility
RAID Controller
Logical Drive
Disk Array
Physical Device
Number and ID
The number to manage each component of disk array of Universal RAID Utility is different to LSI
Software RAID Configuration Utility.
Adapter and RAID Controller
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility manages Adapter by a number beginning with 0. You can
see a number of Adapter where [Sel. Adapter] in [Objects] menu. Universal RAID Utility manages
RAID Controller by a number beginning with 1. You can see a number of RAID Controller where
[Number] in the property of RAID Controller on RAID Viewer or [RAID Controller #X] in the
property of RAID Controller on raidcmd command.
Also, you can see the number of Adapter managed by LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility
where [ID] in the property of RAID Controller by Universal RAID Utility.
Logical Drive
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility manages Logical Drive by a number beginning with 0.
You can see a number of Logical Drive where [Logical Drives] in [Objects] menu.
Universal RAID Utility manages Logical Drive by a number beginning with 1. You can see a
number of Logical Drive where [Number] in the property of Logical Drive on RAID Viewer or
[RAID Controller #X Logical Drive #Y] in the property of Logical Drive on raidcmd command.
Also, you can see the number of Logical Drive managed by LSI Software RAID Configuration
Utility where [ID] in the property of Logical Drive by Universal RAID Utility.
Configuring Your Server
4-45
Disk Array
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility manages Disk Array by a number beginning with 0. You
can see a number of Disk Array where [Axx] of [Objects - PHYSICAL DRIVE SELECTION
MENU] DG X] in [Objects] menu.
Universal RAID Utility manages Disk Array by a number beginning with 1. You can see a number
of Disk Array where [Disk Array] in the property of Logical Drive on RAID Viewer or [RAID
Controller #X Disk Array #Y] in the property of Disk Array on raidcmd command.
Physical Drive and Physical Device
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility manages Physical Drive by ID. You can see ID of
Physical Drive where [Port #] of [Objects - PHYSICAL DRIVE SELECTION MENU] DG X] in
[Objects] menu.
Universal RAID Utility manages Physical Device by a number beginning with 1 and ID. The ID is
same value of ID on LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility. You can see a number and ID of
Physical Device where [Number] and [ID] in the property of Physical Device on RAID Viewer or
[RAID Controller #X Physical Device #Y] and [ID] in the property of Physical Device on raidcmd
command.
Setting of Priority
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility displays and sets Rebuild Priority and Consistency Check
Priority of RAID Controller by percentage. But, Universal RAID Utility uses three levels as
High/Middle/Low for them.
The setting value of LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility and the display level of Universal
RAID Utility
Item
Rebuild Priority
Rebuild Rate (LSI Software
RAID Configuration Utility)
Consistency Check Priority
Chk Const Rate (LSI Software
RAID Configuration Utility)
Setting value of LSI Software
RAID Configuration Utility
15 to 100
8 to 14
0 to 7
15 to 100
8 to 14
0 to 7
Universal RAID Utility Level
High
Middle
Low
High
Middle
Low
4-46 Configuring Your Server
The setting level of Universal RAID Utility and the setting value
Item
Rebuild Priority
Rebuild Rate (LSI Software
RAID Configuration Utility)
Consistency Check Priority
Chk Const Rate (LSI Software
RAID Configuration Utility)
Setting level of Universal
RAID Utility
High
Middle
Low
High
Middle
Low
Setting value
90
50
10
90
50
10
NOTES:
„
LSI Software RAID Configuration Utility can set FGI Rate
(Foreground Initialize) and BGI Rate (Background Initialize
Priority). But Universal RAID Utility can't set it.
„
Universal RAID Utility can set Initialization Priority, but it can't set
it to the LSI Embedded MegaRAID. Therefore, Universal RAID
Utility doesn't display [Initialization Priority] in the property of
RAID Controller. Also, it will fail that you change the Initialization
Priority by raidcmd command.
Configuring Your Server
4-47
Configuration by Internal RAID Controller (2.5-inch Disk Model)
This section describes how to use the internal hard disk drives as RAID System by Internal RAID
Controller (equivalent to N8103-116) of 2.5-inch disk model.
Rebuild
If a HDD is defected, the rebuild feature can recover the data in the defected HDD. The rebuild can
be applied to redundant virtual disks in the RAID1, RAID5, or RAID6 level.
Manual Rebuild
The manual rebuild can be performed by using Universal RAID Utility, the management utility of
the Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103-116). Select a HDD and start the rebuild
manually.
For the detailed operation, refer to the "Universal RAID Utility User's Guide" in NEC
EXPRESSBUILDER DVD that comes with the server.
Auto Rebuild
The Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103-116) can automatically start the rebuild without
use of any utility such as Universal RAID Utility.
The auto rebuild includes two types as follows:
„
Standby rebuild
Automatic rebuild by using hot-spares. In the configuration including hot-spares, the
rebuild is performed automatically if a HDD assigned to a virtual disk is defected.
„
Hot-swap rebuild
Automatic rebuild by hot-swapping defected HDD.
IMPORTANT: Note the following for the rebuild:
„
„
„
„
„
The HDD used for rebuild should have the same capacity, rotation
speed, and standard as the defected HDD.
During rebuild, the processing rate is decreased due to much load.
During rebuild, do not shutdown or reboot the server. If the server is
shutdown by an unforeseen accident such as power interruption,
turn on the power again as soon as possible. The rebuild is
automatically restarted.
The interval from the removal of the defected HDD to the
installation of a substitute HDD should be 60 sec or longer.
If the hot-swap rebuild does not operate, perform the manual
rebuild.
4-48 Configuring Your Server
Patrol Read
The patrol read gives the read & verify test in the entire area of HDDs. It can be performed for all
HDDs assigned to virtual disks and hot-spares.
The Patrol Read allows subsequent defects of HDDs to be detected and repaired.
For HDDs configuring redundant virtual disks or those assigned to hot-spares, error sectors detected
during Patrol Read can be repaired.
IMPORTANT: Note the following for the patrol read:
„
For the Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103-116), Patrol
Read feature is factory-set to "Enabled".
„
To change settings of Patrol Read, use Universal RAID Utility.
„
If the system is restarted while running Patrol Read, Patrol Read
resumes from that point.
Consistency Check
The Consistency Check is used to check consistency among virtual drives. It is available for
redundant virtual drives except for RAID0. It is also available for host spare.
Consistency Check can be performed through WebBIOS or Universal RAID Utility.
Consistency Check performs not only consistency check but also repair of error sectors.
Accordingly, it can be used as preventive maintenance.
IMPORTANT: Note the following for Consistency Check:
„
During Consistency Check, the processing rate is decreased due to
much load.
„
If the system is restarted, the Consistency Check is aborted.
However, the Consistency Check resumes after restart.
„
To schedule execution of Consistency Check, use WebBIOS, not the
Universal RAID Utility
Configuring Your Server
4-49
Background Initialize
The Background Initialize is automatically executed when RAID5 virtual disk is created in the disk
group composing of five or more HDDs.
The Background Initialize performs the parity generation processing in the background to the area
not initialized. The processing is equivalent to that of Consistency Check.
However, the Background Initialize is not performed in the following cases.
„
Full Initialize has already been executed and completed normally before executing
Background Initialize.
(*) Full Initialize is a function to clear the entire area of a virtual disk with "0".
„
Consistency Check has already been executed and completed normally before executing
Background Initialize.
„
Rebuild has already been executed and completed normally before executing Background
Initialize (for RAID5 only).
„
"Yes" is specified for "Disable BGI" in VD Definition.
„
Virtual disk is in degraded or offline state.
Background Initialize is performed if the virtual disk of RAID6 is partially degraded.
The Background Initialize is executed again if any of the following cases occurred in the virtual
disk on which the Background Initialize has completed.
„
When the virtual disk is degraded or offline, you execute Make Online to HDD being in
offline status, and the virtual disk becomes Optimal state.
„
When you replace the RAID Controller with the maintenance parts and others.
„
When you execute Reconstruction to existing virtual disk to make RAID5 VD with five or
more HDDs.
IMPORTANT: Note the following for Background Initialize:
„
During Background Initialize, the processing rate is decreased due
to much load.
„
Background Initialize will resume a few minutes later even if it is
interrupted.
4-50 Configuring Your Server
Reconstruction
The reconstruction feature is used to change configuration and/or RAID level of existing virtual
disk. The Reconstruction contains the following three features, however, the Internal RAID
Controller (equivalent to N8103-116) supports "Migration with addition" only.
IMPORTANT: You can use WebBIOS for Reconstruction. Universal
RAID Utility does not support Reconstruction.
Removed physical drive
Unsupported.
Migration only
Unsupported.
Migration with addition
Use this feature to add HDDs to existing virtual disk. The execution patterns are as shown below (α:
Number of HDDs to be added).
Before execution
RAID
Number of
level
HDDs
After execution
RAID
Number of
level
HDDs
Description
RAID0
RAID0
RAID0
x
1
x
RAID0
RAID1
RAID5
Capacity increased: equivalent to α HDDs
Capacity remains unchanged.
Capacity increased: equivalent to α-1 HDDs
RAID0
x
RAID6
RAID1
RAID1
RAID1
RAID5
RAID5
RAID5
RAID6
RAID6
RAID6
2
2
2
x
x
x
x
x
x
RAID0
RAID5
RAID6
RAID0
RAID5
RAID6
RAID0
RAID5
RAID6
x+α
2
x+α
x+α
(α=2 or more)
2+α
2+α
2+α
x+α
x+α
x+α
x+α
x+α
x+α
Capacity increased: equivalent to α-2 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α+1 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α-1 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α+1 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α-1 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α+2 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α+1 HDDs
Capacity increased: equivalent to α HDDs
Configuring Your Server
IMPORTANT: Note the following for the Reconstruction:
„
Be sure to make backup copy of data and perform Consistency
Check before starting Reconstruction.
„
The Reconstruction is disabled in the configuration where several
virtual disks are defined in one disk group
„
During Reconstruction, the processing rate is decreased due to much
load.
„
The Reconstruction can be performed for the degraded or partially
degraded virtual disk. However, it is recommended to execute
Rebuild to recover the virtual disk, then execute Reconstruction.
„
During Reconstruction, do not shutdown or reboot the server. If the
server is shutdown by an unforeseen accident such as power
interruption, turn on the power again as soon as possible. The
Reconstruction is automatically restarted.
„
In some configuration, Background Initialize may start
automatically upon completion of Reconstruction.
Ex: Migration with addition for RAID5 virtual disk
The figure below shows an example of adding a single 36GB HDD to a RAID5 virtual disk
configured with three 36GB HDDs.
Virtual disk (RAID5)
36GB
36GB
[Before execution]
Capacity = 72GB
36GB
36GB
Execute Migration with addition
Virtual disk (RAID5)
[After execution]
Capacity = 108GB
36GB
36GB
36GB
36GB
4-51
4-52 Configuring Your Server
Before Using WebBIOS
Read the following sections describing supported functions and precautions before using
"WebBIOS".
Supported Functions
„
Indication of model name and capacity of hard disk drive (called HDD hereafter)
„
Indication of HDD allocation status
„
Creation of virtual disk
– Setting of RAID level
– Setting of Stripe Block size
– Setting of Read Policy/Write Policy/IO Policy
„
Indication of configuration information and status of virtual disk
„
Removal of virtual disk
„
Clearing of configuration
„
Execution of initialization
„
Execution of Consistency Check
„
Execution of manual rebuild
„
Execution of reconstruction
Configuring Your Server
4-53
Notes on Creating Virtual Disk
„
The HDDs configuring the disk group should have the same capacity and rotation speed.
„
Be sure to execute Consistency Check after creating VD.
„
When installing an OS in VD under the Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103116), create a VD dedicated to OS installation.
„
WebBIOS cannot be handled via remote console functions of NEC DianaScope.
„
The physical drive numbers shown in WebBIOS and those shown in Universal RAID
Utility are identified as follows.
– WebBIOS
Enclosure number and Slot number shown in Physical Drives box*
* "X:X:X" shown in Physical Drives box represents Connector number:Enclosure
number:Slot number. With this server, the Connector number is not supported,
thus, it is always indicated as "()". The Enclosure Number is always "1". The Slot
number represents a slot number of disk bay.
– Universal RAID Utility
Enclosure number and Slot number shown in Physical Device Properties
Note that the slot numbers shown in Physical Drives box of WebBIOS are represented by
numbers beginning with 0, but those in Universal RAID Utility are numbers beginning
with 1.
Physical Drives View of WebBIOS
Property of Physical Device in Universal RAID Utility
4-54 Configuring Your Server
Using WebBIOS
Starting WebBIOS
1.
Press Esc when the screen as shown below appears after powered on the server.
2.
Press Ctrl + H on POST screen to start WebBIOS.
POST screen image (with no virtual disk assigned)
LSI MegaRAID SAS-MFI BIOS Version XXXX (Build MMM DD, YYYY)
Copyright (c) xxxx LSI Corporation
HA -X (Bus X Dev X) MegaRAID SAS PCI 8708EM2
FW package: X.X.X-XXXX
X Logical Drive(s) found on the host adapter.
X Logical Drive(s) handled by BIOS
Press <Ctrl> <H> for WebBIOS
IMPORTANT:
„
Do not press unnecessary key such as Pause during POST.
„
If you fail to press Ctrl + H and the system proceeds without
displaying the WebBIOS main menu (shown on the next page),
reboot the system, and press Ctrl + H on POST screen.
Configuring Your Server
4-55
Main Menu
Shown below is [Adapter Selection] screen that appears first on WebBIOS. Select a controller to
operate WebBIOS, and click [Start].
4-56 Configuring Your Server
When the adapter is selected on [Adapter Selection], the WebBIOS Top Menu appears.
IMPORTANT: "X:X:X" shown in Physical Drives box represents
Connector number:Enclosure number:Slot number. With this server, the
Connector number is not supported, thus, it is always indicated as "()".
The Enclosure number is always "1". The Slot number represents a slot
number of disk bay.
Configuring Your Server
Adapter Properties
When you click [Adapter Properties] on WebBIOS Top Menu, the configuration information is
displayed.
Click [Next] to see the detailed settings of this controller.
4-57
4-58 Configuring Your Server
The detailed settings is continued to the next page. Click [Next] to view more information.
Configuring Your Server
4-59
Default settings and their explanation
Item
Battery Backup
Default
Present
None
Set Factory Defaults
[No]
Yes
Disabled
30
30
30
30
30
[Enabled]
Disabled
[None]
128MB-way
1GB-way
300
[Disabled]
Enabled
Silence
4
2
12
[Disabled]
Enabled
[No]
Yes
Cluster Mode
Rebuild Rate
Patrol Read Rate
BGI Rate
CC Rate
Reconstruction Rate
Adapter BIOS
Coercion Mode
PDF Interval
Alarm Control
Cache Flush Interval
Spinup Drive Count
Spinup Delay
StopOnError
Stop CC On Error
Maintain PD Fail
History
Schdule CC
[Disabled]
Enabled
Supported
Description
Displays Properties.
• When battery is installed: Present
• When battery is not installed: None
Restores vendor's factory defaults.
Change
–
–
Recommended value: 30
Recommended value: 30
Recommended value: 30
Recommended value: 30
Recommended value: 30
–
Prohibited
Permitted
Permitted
Permitted
Permitted
Permitted
Prohibited
–
Prohibited
–
Disabled: Does not issue an alarm.
Prohibited
Prohibited *2
–
–
–
–
Prohibited
Prohibited
Prohibited
Prohibited
Specify the operation at error detection in
Consistency Check.
No: Recover and resume.
Yes: Abort
–
Permitted
Prohibited
Set the scheduled consistency check.
Permitted
Prohibited *1
*1 Do not perform "Set Factory Defaults". If performed, the NEC's factory-set value will no longer
be restored.
4-60 Configuring Your Server
How to change setting value
On [Adapter Properties] screen, change a parameter to desired value, and then click [Submit] at the
center of the screen to determine the new value.
The status of "Battery Backup" is indicated as "Present". Clicking [Present] opens the Battery Status
screen as shown below.
IMPORTANT: You cannot change values for "Auto Learn Period",
"Next Learn Time", and "Learn Delay Interval".
NOTES:
„
Status field shows "Charging" when the battery is in charged status.
It shows "Discharging" when the battery is in discharged status.
„
When powering on the server after replaced the battery, the Status
may not immediately change to "Charging". In that case, power on
the server for several hours, and check "Status" again.
Configuring Your Server
4-61
Scan Devices
When you click [Scan Devices] on WebBIOS Top Menu, the HDDs connected are detected again.
Use this feature when you have installed a new HDD additionally while the WebBIOS is running.
IMPORTANT:
„
If the newly connected HDD contains another configuration
information, [Foreign Configuration] screen as shown below
appears. To use the HDD as new one, click [Clear] to clear the
configuration information in HDD.
„
If you use Universal RAID Utility to configure a RAID system
using the newly connected HDD containing another configuration
information, first clear another configuration information using this
Scan Devices feature.
(*) Universal RAID Utility does not have this feature.
4-62 Configuring Your Server
Virtual Disks
When you click [Virtual Disks] on WebBIOS Top Menu, the screen for operating the VD that has
already been configured.
IMPORTANT: If no hard disk drive exists, the upper right column of
the screen will be blank. Use this menu only when a hard disk drive
exists.
Configuring Your Server
Physical Drives
When you click [Physical Disks] on WebBIOS Top Menu, the screen for operating the physical
drive (HDD) appears.
IMPORTANT: If no hard disk drive exists, the upper right column of
the screen will be blank. Use this menu only when a hard disk drive
exists.
4-63
4-64 Configuring Your Server
Physical Drives Properties
Take the following procedures to check Physical Drive Properties. Shown below is an example to
check property of physical drive 0:0:0.
1.
Click the Physical Drive you want to check.
2.
Click the checkbox for [Properties].
3.
Click [Go].
The Properties screen as shown below appears.
Configuring Your Server
4-65
Configuration Wizard
Use this wizard to configure a RAID system using the HDDs connected. The detailed explanation of
this feature is given in "Configuring Virtual Disk".
Adapter Selection
If optional RAID Controller (N8103-116/117) is installed in the server, you need to select an adapter
controlled by WebBIOS to configure each adapter. Clicking [Adapter Selection] on WebBIOS top
menu opens the [Adapter Selection] screen again.
Physical View / Logical View
If the virtual disk has been configured using the RAID Controller, DG (disk group) is displayed on
WebBIOS Top Menu. Clicking [Physical View] displays information for HDDs in DG. Clicking
[Logical View] displays virtual disk in DG.
Events
The Events screen is used to confirm the system events.
IMPORTANT: The Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103116) does not support Events feature.
4-66 Configuring Your Server
Exit
When you click [Exit] on WebBIOS Top Menu, a confirmation screen to exit from WebBIOS is
displayed. Click [Yes] to exit from WebBIOS.
The screen as shown below appears when WebBIOS is terminated. Restart the server.
Configuring Your Server
4-67
Configuring Virtual Disk
This section describes the procedures for configuration of VD (virtual disk) using WebBIOS.
Configuration Wizard
When you click [Configuration Wizard] on WebBIOS Top Menu, the screen as shown below
appears. Select the relevant operation, and click [Next] at lower right of the screen.
Clear Configuration
Allows you to clear existing configuration.
New Configuration
Clears the existing configuration and creates a new VD. If you have
any existing data in the earlier defined virtual disk, the data will be
lost.
Add Configuration
Retains the old configuration and then adds new virtual disk.
4-68 Configuring Your Server
When you select [New Configuration] or [Add Configuration], the screen as shown below appears.
Custom Configuration:
Allows you to define all aspects of the configuration, RAID level,
size, and others.
Auto Configuration with
Redundancy:
Automatically creates redundant virtual disk.
Auto Configuration
without Redundancy:
Automatically creates non-redundant virtual disk.
IMPORTANT: The Internal RAID Controller (equivalent to N8103116) supports "Custom Configuration" only.
Configuring Your Server
Use this menu to define several physical drives (PD) as a disk group (DG).
4-69
4-70 Configuring Your Server
1.
To add physical drives (HDD) to a Disk Group, hold Ctrl while selecting physical drives
(HDDs) in DG.
2.
Upon completion of selection, click [Add to Array] at the lower left of the screen.
3.
A new DG is defined in the Disk Groups frame. To define the new DG, click [Accept DG]
at the lower right of the screen.
Configuring Your Server
4.
After the DG has been defined, click [Next] at the lower right of the screen.
5.
Then, the Span Definition screen appears.
4-71
4-72 Configuring Your Server
6.
Select a DG to define VD from "Array With Free Space" frame, then click [Add to SPAN].
The DG is defined in the "Span" field to the right.
7.
After the Span has been defined, click [Next] at the lower right of the screen.
IMPORTANT:
„
To configure RAID0, 1, 5, or 6, perform Span Definition to a single
DG only. If you need to perform Span Definition to several DGs,
define VD for the first DG, then select the next DG to define VD.
„
Span Definition cannot be performed to DGs containing the
different number of HDDs.
Configuring Your Server
4-73
Define the virtual disk (VD) in DG that has been created in previous step. When DG was defined,
[VD Definition] screen is displayed. In the "Next LD, Possible RAID Levels" column, available
RAID levels and maximum size for VD are displayed.
4-74 Configuring Your Server
As an example, define a RAID5 VD of yyyyy MB.
1.
Specify the necessary parameters in left columns.
2.
Enter "yyyyy" in "Select Size" field.
3.
Click [Accept] at the lower center of the screen.
4.
If you want to define another VD, click [Back] and repeat steps starting from Span
Definition screen.
5.
Upon completion of VD definition, click [Next].
IMPORTANT:
„
The value shown in "Select Size" indicates the maximum size
allowed for RAID1 or RAID6. You need to specify the maximum
size for RAID0 or RAID5 according to "Next LD, Possible RAID
Levels".
„
To use RAID 5 or RAID 6 with Internal RAID Controller
(equivalent to N8103-116), you need to additionally install the
optional N8103-119 RAID Upgrade Kit.
„
If N8103-119 RAID Upgrade Kit is not installed, do not select
"RAID5" that may appear in [RAID Level] box. If selected, you
will fail to save the configuration information. In such a case, you
need to define a VD again from the beginning.
Configuring Your Server
4-75
6.
VD 0 is created in DG 0 as shown in the screen below.
7.
After making sure that the VD is created correctly, click [Accept] at the lower right of the
screen.
8.
The confirmation message "Save this Configuration?" appears. Click "Yes" to save the
configuration.
9.
The confirmation message "All data on the new Virtual Disks will be lost. Want to
Initialize?" appears. Normally, select "Yes".
10.
"Virtual Disks" operation screen is displayed. If no other operation is required, click
[Home] at the lower left of the screen.
4-76 Configuring Your Server
11.
The WebBIOS Top Menu is displayed. Virtual Disk you have created is displayed in the
lower right frame of the screen.
Configuring Your Server
4-77
Configure SPAN
The following explains the sample procedure to configure RAID10 (spanning of RAID1) with four
HDDs.
IMPORTANT: Do not attempt to configure RAID00 or RAID60.
They are not supported.
1.
Click [Configuration Wizard] on WebBIOS Top Menu to start Wizard.
4-78 Configuring Your Server
2.
To add physical drives (HDD) to a Disk Group, hold Ctrl while selecting HDDs in DG.
(In the example, two DGs will be configured and spanned.)
3.
Upon completion of selection, click [Add to Array] at the lower right of the screen. After
making sure that the new DG has defined in Disk Groups frame to the right, click [Accept
DG].
4.
A new DG is defined in the Disk Groups frame. Define another DG in the similar
procedures. After DGs have been defined, click [Next] at the lower right of the screen.
Configuring Your Server
4-79
5.
Configure RAID10 (spanning of RAID1) using the two DGs that have been created in
previous step. When DGs were defined, [VD Definition] screen is displayed.
6.
Select DG0 from "Array With Free Space" frame, then click [Add to SPAN]. The DG is
defined in the "Span" field to the right.
4-80 Configuring Your Server
7.
Then, select DG1 and click [Add to SPAN]. When the two DGs are defined in the "Span"
field to the right, click [Next].
8.
The VD Definition screen is displayed. Enter the necessary parameters, and click
[Accept].
Configuring Your Server
9.
10.
4-81
Make sure that both DG0 and DG1 are defined as VD 0, then click [Next] at the lower
right of the screen.
On the "Preview" screen, make sure the VD is defined correctly, then click [Accept] at the
lower right of the screen.
4-82 Configuring Your Server
11.
The confirmation message "Save this Configuration?" appears. Click "Yes" to save the
configuration.
12.
The confirmation message "All data on the new Virtual Disks will be lost. Want to
Initialize?" appears. Normally, select "Yes".
13.
"Virtual Disks" operation screen is displayed. If no other operation is required, click
[Home] at the lower left of the screen.
14.
The WebBIOS Top Menu is displayed. Virtual Disk you have created is displayed in the
lower right frame of the screen.
Configuring Your Server
4-83
Parameters for VD Definition
Listed below are parameters for Configuration Wizard.
Item
RAID Level
Parameter
RAID 0 / RAID 1 / RAID 5 / RAID 6 /
RAID 00 / RAID 10 / RAID 50 / RAID60
8 KB / 16 KB / 32 KB / 64 KB / 128 KB
/ 256 KB / 512 KB / 1024 KB
RW / Read Only / Blocked
Normal / Ahead / Adaptive
WBack / WThru
Strip Size
Access Policy
Read Policy
Write Policy
WrtThru for
BAD BBU
Checked / Unchecked
IO Policy
Disk Cache
Policy
Disable BGI
Direct / Cached
NoChange / Enable / Disable
No / Yes
Remarks
RAID 00, RAID 10, RAID 50, and
RAID 60 are not supported.
Recommended value: 64KB
Recommended value: RW
Recommended value: Normal
WBack: WriteBack
WThru: WriteThru
Select a mode when WriteBack is
specified for Write Policy.
Checked: Normal WriteBack
Unchecked: Constant WriteBack
Recommended value: Checked
Recommended value: Direct
Recommended value: Disable
Specify whether to perform
Background Initialize after creation of
VD.
Recommended value: No
IMPORTANT:
„
BGI (Back Ground Initialize) is available only for RAID5 VD
configured with five or more HDDs.
„
To use RAID 5 or RAID 6, with Internal RAID Controller
(equivalent to N8103-116), you need to additionally install the
optional N8103-119 RAID Upgrade Kit.
„
If N8103-119 RAID Upgrade Kit is not installed, do not select
"RAID5" that may appear in [RAID Level] box. If selected, you
will fail to save the configuration information. In such a case, you
need to define a VD again from the beginning.
4-84 Configuring Your Server
The Write Policy has the following modes depending on combination with WrtThru for BAD BBU.
Select a mode suitable for your environment.
Write
Policy
WBack
WThru
WrtThru for BAD BBU
Checked
Normal write back mode
(recommended)
This mode is available only when
N8103-120F RAID Battery Backup
Unit is installed.
The controller uses cache memory
for writing.
However, if the battery is being
charged or failed, the controller
operates in WThru (write through)
mode automatically. Thus, this mode
can provide higher data security.
Write through mode
This mode is recommended when
N8103-120F RAID Battery Backup
Unit is not installed.
The controller does not use cache
memory for writing data.
Unchecked
Constant write back mode
This mode is available even if N8103120F RAID Battery Backup Unit is not
installed.
The controller always uses cache
memory for writing. In this mode, the
data in cache memory may not be
protected from being damaged if the
power failure occurs due to
charge/discharge or defect of the
battery. Be sure to use UPS when
specifying this mode for write policy.
* This mode is unavailable.
If you do not check "WrtThru for BAD
BBU" at creation of VD, this item is
automatically checked after the VD has
been created.
You can change parameters for VD definition except for RAID level and Stripe Size. On the
WebBIOS Top Menu, click [Virtual Disks] and specify parameters in "Policies" frame, then click
[Change].
Configuring Your Server
4-85
Operation of Various Features
Check Consistency
1.
Start WebBIOS.
2.
Click [Virtual Disks] on WebBIOS Top Menu.
3.
Select a VD to perform Check Consistency from the upper right frame of Virtual Disks
screen.
4.
Click the checkmark column for Check Consistency from the lower right frame of Virtual
Disks screen.
5.
Make sure that Check Consistency is checked, and click [Go].
4-86 Configuring Your Server
6.
The progress of Check Consistency is displayed on the left frame of Virtual Disks screen.
7.
Click [Home] at the lower left of Virtual Disks screen to return to the Top Menu.
IMPORTANT: Click [Home] while the background task such as
Consistency Check, Rebuild, or Reconstruction is being executed. With
the progress indication being displayed, the background task may be
processed at slow rate.
Configuring Your Server
4-87
Manual Rebuild
Described below are procedures based on assumption:
One of the HDDs failed in a RAID5 virtual disk configured with three HDDs.
Replace the failed HDD with new one after turning off the power of the server. Auto Rebuild feature
is disabled for non-hot-swap replacement. Use Manual Rebuild feature to recover the virtual disk as
described below.
1.
Start WebBIOS.
Make sure that the status for the replaced HDD is indicated as "UNCONF GOOD" in the
right frame of the Top Menu.
In the example below, the hard disk drive in slot number 2 has been replaced.
The indication "PD Missing from DGx: Slot 2: xxxxx MB" represents that the PD
(physical drive) having been installed in slot number 2 was removed.
2.
Select "():1:2" (newly connected HDD) in [Physical Drives].
3.
The properties for Physical Drive is displayed.
4-88 Configuring Your Server
4.
Select "Make Global HSP" or "Make Dedicated HSP" on the lower part of the screen, and
then click [Go] on the lower center of the screen.
5.
When [Rebuild Progress] is displayed, click [Home] at the lower left of the screen to go
back to WebBIOS Top Menu.
IMPORTANT: Click [Home] while the background task such as
Consistency Check, Rebuild, or Reconstruction is being executed. With
the progress indication being displayed, the background task may be
processed at slow rate.
Configuring Your Server
4-89
Setting Hot Spare
Described below are procedures based on assumption:
Add a HDD to a RAID5 virtual disk configured with three HDDs and assign a newly added HDD as
Hot Spare.
1.
Start WebBIOS.
Make sure that the status for the added HDD is indicated as "UNCONF GOOD" in the
right frame of the Top Menu.
2.
Select "():1:3" (newly connected HDD) in [Physical Drives].
3.
The properties for Physical Drive is displayed.
4-90 Configuring Your Server
4.
Select [Make Global HSP] or [Make Dedicated HSP] on the lower right of the screen, and
then click [Go] on the lower center of the screen.
Global HSP:
Indicates the Hot Spare available for all DGs.
Dedicated HSP:
Indicates the Hot Spare available only for the specific DG.
You need to specify the target DG.
NOTE: Do not check "Enclosure Affinity" which defines the hot-spare
to the specific enclosure. This setting is not supported in the system.
Configuring Your Server
5.
The status for the newly connected HDD changes to "HOTSPARE".
6.
Click [Home] at the lower left of the screen to go back to WebBIOS Top Menu.
4-91
4-92 Configuring Your Server
Reconstruction
Described below are procedures based on assumption:
Add a HDD to a RAID5 virtual disk configured with three HDDs to make a RAID5 virtual disk
configured with four HDDs.
1.
Start WebBIOS.
Make sure that the status for the added HDD is indicated as "UNCONF GOOD" in the
right frame of the Top Menu.
2.
Select "VD 0" (already been constructed) in [Virtual Drives].
Configuring Your Server
3.
Setting menu for VD 0 is displayed.
4-93
4-94 Configuring Your Server
4.
On the right of the screen, items required for reconstruction are displayed.
Information of HDDs in
the disk group in which
a VD is defined.
Migration Only:
Allows change of RAID
level.
Migration with addition:
Allows addition of hard
disk drive and change of
RAID level.
5.
Select "Migration with addition".
6.
Specify the RAID level used after reconstruction.
7.
Select a HDD to be added.
8.
When you finished steps 5 to 7, click [Go] at the lower right of the screen.
9.
The progress of reconstruction is displayed on the lower left of the screen. Click [Home]
at the lower left of the screen to return to the WebBIOS Top Menu.
IMPORTANT:
„
The capacity of virtual disk may be incorrectly displayed after
reconstruction. In this case, perform Scan Devices from the Top
Menu.
„
Click [Home] while the background task such as Consistency Check,
Rebuild, or Reconstruction is being executed. With the progress
indication being displayed, the background task may be processed at
slow rate.
Configuring Your Server
4-95
WebBIOS and Universal RAID Utility
You can use Universal RAID Utility for configuration and management, monitoring of RAID
System after start up operating system.
The point to be kept in mind when using Universal RAID Utility together with WebBIOS is as
follows.
Terms
WebBIOS and Universal RAID Utility are different in term.
When you use Universal RAID Utility together with WebBIOS, please convert terms by the
following list.
Term of WebBIOS
Adapter
Virtual Disk
Disk Group
Physical Drive
Term of Universal RAID Utility
RAID Controller
Logical Drive
Disk Array
Physical Device
Number and ID
The number to manage each component of RAID System of Universal RAID Utility is different to
WebBIOS.
Adapter and RAID Controller
WebBIOS manages Adapter by a number beginning with 0. You can see a number of Adapter where
[Adapter No] in [Adapter Selection] menu.
Universal RAID Utility manages RAID Controller by a number beginning with 1. You can see a
number of RAID Controller where [Number] in the property of RAID Controller on RAID Viewer
or [RAID Controller #X] in the property of RAID Controller on raidcmd command.
Also, you can see the number of Adapter managed by WebBIOS where [ID] in the property of
RAID Controller by Universal RAID Utility.
Virtual Disk and Logical Drive
WebBIOS manages Virtual Disk by a number beginning with 0. You can see a number of Virtual
Disk where [VD X] in Virtual Drives.
Universal RAID Utility manages Logical Drive by a number beginning with 1. You can see a
number of Logical Drive where [Number] in the property of Logical Drive on RAID Viewer or
[RAID Controller #X Logical Drive #Y] in the property of Logical Drive on raidcmd command.
Also, you can see the number of Logical Drive managed by WebBIOS where [ID] in the property of
Logical Drive by Universal RAID Utility.
4-96 Configuring Your Server
Disk Array
WebBIOS manages Disk Array by a number beginning with 0. You can see a number of Disk Array
where [DG X] in Physical Drives and Virtual Drives.
Universal RAID Utility manages Disk Array by a number beginning with 1. You can see a number
of Disk Array where [Disk Array] in the property of Logical Drive on RAID Viewer or [RAID
Controller #X Disk Array #Y] in the property of Disk Array on raidcmd command.
Physical Drive and Physical Device
WebBIOS manages Physical Drive by three numbers (Connector number:Enclosure number:Slot
number). You can view these numbers shown by [x:x:x] in Physical Drives box. Note, however, the
Connector number is always shown as "()" because it is not supported with this server. The
Enclosure numbers are represented by a number beginning with 1, and the Slot numbers are
represented by a number beginning with 0.
Universal RAID Utility manages Physical Device by a number beginning with 1 and ID, Enclosure
number, and Slot number. The numbers of physical devices connected to the controller are sorted in
ascending order based on ID and assigned number beginning with 1, starting from the smallest
number. The ID is same value of Connected Port shown in Physical Drives Properties box in
WebBIOS. Enclosure number and Slot number are assigned with a number beginning with 1.
IMPORTANT: Note that the slot numbers shown in Physical Drives
box of WebBIOS are represented by a number beginning with 0, but
those in Universal RAID Utility are represented by a number beginning
with 1.
Setting of Priority
WebBIOS displays and sets Rebuild Priority and Patrol Read Priority, Consistency Check Priority of
RAID Controller by percentage. But, Universal RAID Utility uses three levels as High/Middle/Low
for them.
The setting value of WebBIOS and the display level of Universal RAID Utility
Item
Rebuild Priority
Rebuild Rate (WebBIOS)
Patrol Read Priority
Patrol Read Rate (WebBIOS)
Consistency Check Priority
Consistency Check Rate
(WebBIOS)
Setting value of WebBIOS
80 to 100
31 to 79
0 to 30
80 to 100
31 to 79
0 to 30
80 to 100
31 to 79
0 to 30
Universal RAID Utility level
High
Middle
Low
High
Middle
Low
High
Middle
Low
Configuring Your Server
The setting level of Universal RAID Utility and the setting value
Item
Rebuild Priority
Rebuild Rate (WebBIOS)
Patrol Read Priority
Patrol Read Rate (WebBIOS)
Consistency Check Priority
Consistency Check Rate
(WebBIOS)
Setting level of Universal RAID Utility
High
Middle
Low
High
Middle
Low
High
Middle
Low
Setting value
90
50
10
90
50
10
90
50
10
NOTES:
„
WebBIOS can set BGI Rate (Background Initialize Priority). But
Universal RAID Utility can't set it.
„
Universal RAID Utility can set Initialization Priority. But, Internal
RAID Controller does not have the function of the setting of
Initialization Priority. Therefore, Universal RAID Utility doesn't
display [Initialization Priority] in the property of RAID Controller.
Also, it will fail that you change the Initialization Priority by
raidcmd command.
4-97
4-98 Configuring Your Server
CONFIGURING MOTHER BOARD JUMPERS
With the pre-installed SETUP utility, you can set desired passwords to protect the data stored in the
server against access from unauthorized users. When you forget the passwords, however, you may
want clear them. The following describes how to clear these passwords. You can also use the
following procedure to clear the CMOS data in the server.
IMPORTANT:
„
Clearing the CMOS data resumes the factory-set configuration data.
„
After clearing CMOS, you must run the BIOS SETUP utility and
execute the following menus to reconfigure your mother board.
– Load Setup Defaults in the Exit menu
– Memory Retest of Memory Configuration in the Advanced menu
– Processor Retest of Processor Settings in the Main menu
„
Refer to "RAID System Configuration" described earlier in this
chapter for RAID configuration jumper setting.
„
Do not change any other switch settings. Any change may cause the
server to fail or malfunction.
To clear passwords or the CMOS data, use the jumper switch on the mother board of the server. The
following figure illustrates the jumper switch location.
Pin for protecting/
clearing the password
Pin for protecting/
clearing the CMOS
contents
Protect
Front
Clear
Protect
Clear
Rear
Configuring Your Server
4-99
The following describe the clearing procedure.
WARNING
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages 1-3
to 1-8 for details.
„
„
„
Do not disassemble, repair, or alter the server.
Do not remove the lithium battery.
Do not connect the ground line to a gas pipe.
CAUTION
Observe the following instructions to use the server safely. Failure to follow
these instructions may result in death or serious personal injury. See pages 1-3
to 1-8 for details.
„
„
„
„
„
„
„
Never attempt to lift the server only by yourself.
Make sure to complete board installation.
Do not install the server on a rack with leaving covers removed.
Do not pinch your finger with mechanical components.
Note high temperature.
Do not pull out a device from the rack if the rack is unstable.
Do not leave more than one device being pulled out from the rack.
4-100 Configuring Your Server
Clearing CMOS Data
1.
See the section "Preparing for Installation and Removal" as described in Chapter 9 of this
guide to prepare.
2.
Remove the logic cover (see Chapter 9).
3.
Locate the position of the jumpers on the mother board you are changing.
4.
Move the jumper strap to the CMOS clear position.
Refer to the previous illustration to find the location of the jumper.
5.
Wait for a while (about 5 seconds), and then reinstall the jumper block to the default
position.
6.
Reinstall the server removed in Step 2.
7.
Plug the power cord to your server and turn on the server.
8.
Press F2 at the prompt to run the BIOS SETUP utility, and select "Load Setup Defaults"
at the Exit menu.
Clearing Password
1.
See the section "Preparing for Installation and Removal" as described in Chapter 9 of this
guide to prepare.
2.
Remove the logic cover (see Chapter 9).
3.
Locate the position of the jumpers on the mother board you are changing.
4.
Move the jumper strap to the password clear position.
Refer to the previous illustration to find the location of the jumper.
5.
Reassemble the server, and press the POWER switch to turn on the server.
6.
Press F2 during POST to run the BIOS Setup utility, set the password again, and select
[Exit Saving Changes].
7.
Power off the server, and move the jumper strap to the password protect position.
8.
Reassemble the server.
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