PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation

PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
Version: 30/1/2014
PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
SAFETY INFORMATION
!
This product is intended for integration by the user into a computer numerical control (CNC)
machine. It is the user's responsibility to assess the overall system design and address all safety
considerations that affect the users and equipment. The user assumes all responsibility for system
design, including compliance with regulatory standards and codes issued by the applicable
entities. PoLabs do not make any claims as to the suitability of this equipment for the user’s
application. Serious personal injury or equipment damage can occur from the improper integration,
installation or operation of this product.
This product is not guaranteed to be fail-safe. The system that this equipment is used with shall be
fitted with a separate means of fail-safe protection, emergency-stop capability and/or system power
removal. This equipment may be connected to dangerous power sources, including electrical power
sources. Dangerous voltage levels may be present at this equipment or at connected devices.
Measures must be taken to prevent persons from contacting voltage sources which may be present.
Equipment should be housed inside an enclosure suitable for the intended environment. Safety
interlocks should be provided to prevent any and all dangers to personnel.
CNC machine tools are inherently dangerous, and can cause injury to operators and maintenance
personnel. Operators and maintenance personnel shall be properly trained in the safe use, operation
and maintenance of such machines. Automated machines that this equipment may be used with can
move at any time. All persons exposed to such machines must understand the dangers that are
present.
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PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
Description
PoKeys Pulse engine v2 (upgrade of the original PoKeys Pulse engine) is available on PoKeys56U,
PoKeys56E and PoKeys57E devices and enables a direct control of a positioning systems that accepts
step/direction signals (stepper motors, servo systems, etc.). PoKeys Pulse engine can operate in
standalone (rapid positioning and speed control mode, homing, probing) or in slave mode (under the
commands of the PC application). Each axis supports two end (limit) switch inputs, one home
(reference position) switch input, which can be either a dedicated one or shared with limit switch
inputs. All inputs can are fully configurable (input polarity, placement) using the PoKeys protocol
(used by PoKeys application or a third party application for motion control).
In addition, operations in each axis can be limited using the soft limit function, where minimum and
maximum permissible axis position is specified - once enabled, the axis is put to a stop when
exceeding the allowed range, but is free to move in other direction.
Each axis can be assigned a different encoder with a customizable multiplication factor for the
operation with MPG (manual pulse generator).
PoKeys Pulse engine also supports a dedicated emergency switch input, which stops the pulse
generation.
Figure 1: PoKeys Pulse engine connections for use with the integrated pulse generator
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PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
Table of contents
Description .............................................................................................................................................. 3
Pulse generator selection .................................................................................................................... 6
PoKeys device pins in use ........................................................................................................................ 7
Integrated pulse generator - up to 3 axes at 25 kHz step frequency .................................................. 7
External pulse generator with dedicated IO capability - up to 8 axes at 125 kHz step frequency ..... 8
10-pin motor driver connector pinout ............................................................................................ 9
Axis switch inputs ............................................................................................................................ 9
Relay outputs................................................................................................................................... 9
Open-collector outputs ................................................................................................................. 10
0-10 V voltage output .................................................................................................................... 10
Additional digital inputs ................................................................................................................ 10
Pulse engine limitations: ....................................................................................................................... 11
PoKeys Mach3 plugin ............................................................................................................................ 12
Installing plugin ............................................................................................................................. 12
PoKeys Mach3 plugin existing functionality .................................................................................. 12
Configuring plugin for the first time .............................................................................................. 12
Enabling Pulse engine .................................................................................................................... 14
Motors/axis setup ......................................................................................................................... 15
Axis switches configuration ........................................................................................................... 17
Setting up digital inputs and outputs mapping ............................................................................. 18
Pendant mode ........................................................................................................................... 19
PoPendant configuration....................................................................................................... 20
Encoder (MPG) settings ................................................................................................................. 21
MPG (manual pulse generator) setup ....................................................................................... 21
PoKeys IO status ............................................................................................................................ 26
Other (miscellaneous) settings ...................................................................................................... 26
Reading and writing of IO from VB script ...................................................................................... 27
Example script (finds the PoKeys device with the serial number 25000, then toggles the IO 1
on and off at a rate of 1 Hz): ..................................................................................................... 28
Additional OEM buttons ................................................................................................................ 29
Additional OEM LEDs ..................................................................................................................... 29
Pulse engine v2 operating principles..................................................................................................... 30
Modes of operation ........................................................................................................................... 31
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Safety charge-pump output .............................................................................................................. 32
Motor driver enable outputs ............................................................................................................. 32
Axis parameters ................................................................................................................................. 32
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Pulse generator selection
Pulse engine supports different pulse generators:
-
Integrated pulse generator (for up to 3 stepper motors with step frequencies up to 25 kHz)
-
External pulse generator without dedicated IO capabilities (for up to 8 stepper motors with
step frequencies up to 125 kHz) using PoExtensionOC16 or third-party custom board.
-
External pulse generator with dedicated IO capabilities (for up to 8 stepper motors with step
frequencies up to 125 kHz, dedicated limit+, limit-, home/ref, axis error inputs, 3 relay
outputs, 4 open-collector outputs, 0-10 V output) using PoKeysCNCaddon (pictured below).
PoKeysCNCaddon inputs and outputs are galvanically isolated from PoKeys board.
Figure 2: PoKeysCNCaddon v1.0
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PoKeys device pins in use
Integrated pulse generator - up to 3 axes at 25 kHz step frequency
Pin
38
39
40
46 !
48 !
49 !
52
53
Function
Direction output – x
Direction output – y
Direction output – z
Step output – x
Step output – y (external 470 Ω pull-up resistor required)
Step output – z (external 470 Ω pull-up resistor needed)
Emergency switch input
Safety charge pump 5 kHz output
Inputs for limit, home and probing switches can be freely connected to any PoKeys pin and
configured in software.
Remarks:
-
Watch for pin 47! It is not used for step output!
All switch inputs expect normally closed (NC) switches and must be connected between
specified PoKeys input pin and ground.
We advise adding an additional 1 kΩ pull-up resistor on pins with an external switch
Emergency switch must be connected in such way so that it cuts the power supply to the
motors when the switch is activated.
External pull-up resistor wiring for pins 48 and 49
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External pulse generator with dedicated IO capability - up to 8 axes at 125
kHz step frequency1
Please pay attention to connecting the PoKeysCNCaddon to PoKeys device. PoKeysCNCaddon
connects to PoKeys using the Expansion port flat cable, attached to the board. The Expansion port
signals should be connected to PoKeys as follows:
Pin
Description
1
(red)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5 V power supply to the PoKeysCNCaddon - must supply at
least 400 mA for correct operation
PoKeys ground (not to be used for PoKeysCNCaddon IO)
PWM signal for 0-10 V output
Signal for IO capabilities (output)
Signal for IO capabilities (output)
Signal for IO capabilities (output)
Signal for IO capabilities (input)
Signal for pulse generation
Signal for pulse generation
Signal for pulse generation
PoKeys56U
pin
5V
PoKeys56E/57E
pin
5V
GND
17-22
38
37
36
35
23
25
26
GND
17-22
38
37
36
35
9
11
51
10-pin connections to motor drivers
3 additional digital inputs
Red = galvanically
connected to
PoKeys
PoExtension
connector
8x
LimitHome/Ref
Limit+
signals
Vmax adjustment
3 NO relay contacts
1
4 OC outputs, 0-10 V output, Spindle error, GND
Note that PoKeys Mach3 plugin supports only 3 axes
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10-pin motor driver connector pinout
Pin
Function
1
Axis enable output
3
Direction output
5
Step output
7
Error input
2, 4, 6, 8, 10 GND
9
Not connected
Axis switch inputs
All inputs have built-in pull-up resistor - switches must be connected between GND (on the
PoKeysCNCaddon) and the correspoding input.
-AX8
RefAX8
+AX8
-AX7
RefAX7
+AX7
-AX6
RefAX6
+AX6
-AX5
RefAX5
+AX5
-AX4
RefAX4
+AX4
-AX3
RefAX3
+AX3
-AX2
RefAX2
+AX2
-AX1
RefAX1
+AX2
Pin (from
top
to
bottom)
-AX8
RefAX8
+AX8
-AX7
RefAX7
+AX7
-AX6
RefAX6
+AX6
-AX5
RefAX5
+AX5
Function
Limit- for axis 8
Ref/home for axis 8
Limit+ for axis 8
Limit- for axis 7
Ref/home for axis 7
Limit+ for axis 7
Limit- for axis 6
Ref/home for axis 6
Limit+ for axis 6
Limit- for axis 5
Ref/home for axis 5
Limit+ for axis 5
Pin
(continued
)
-AX4
RefAX4
+AX4
-AX3
RefAX3
+AX3
-AX2
RefAX2
+AX2
-AX1
RefAX1
+AX1
Function
Limit- for axis 4
Ref/home for axis 4
Limit+ for axis 4
Limit- for axis 3
Ref/home for axis 3
Limit+ for axis 3
Limit- for axis 2
Ref/home for axis 2
Limit+ for axis 2
Limit- for axis 1
Ref/home for axis 1
Limit+ for axis 1
Relay outputs
PoKeysCNCaddon board features 3 relay outputs with normally-open
contacts.
Rating:
-
max. 7A/240VAC, max. 10A/125VAC or max. 10A/28VDC.
Relay 1
Relay 3
Relay 2
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Open-collector outputs
PoKeysCNCaddon board features 4 open-collector outputs with LEDs for signaling the output state.
Rating:
-
Maximum applied voltage: 80 V
Maximum DC current: up to 50 mA
GND
1 2 3 4
GND
Vout adjustment
0-10 V output
spindle error input
0-10 V voltage output
PWM signal is used to create the 0-10 V voltage output. PWM signal with 0% duty cycle produces 0 V
on output, while 100% duty cycle produces Vmax on output. Vmax can be adjusted using the
potentiometer 'Vout'.
In order to convert PWM signal to an analog output, a low-pass filter with the time constant of 1 ms
is applied to the source signal. In order to avoid ripples in the analog output, use PWM frequency of
10 kHz or more.
Setup/calibration: either set the duty cycle to 100% or connect the PWM signal input to
PoKeysCNCaddon board (pin 3) to +3.3V. Use the multimeter to measure voltage between GND adn
0-10 V output. Use the Vout adjustment potentiometer to adjust the voltage to 10 V (
Additional digital inputs
There are 4 additional digital inputs: spindle error input and 3 general purpose external digital inputs,
available on the top right corner of the PoKeysCNCaddon board.
External input 7
External input 6
External input 5
GND
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Pulse engine limitations:
- Minimum/maximum position:
o Internal motion controller: -/+ ~16.8 million ticks
o External (buffered) mode: -/+ ~2100 million ticks
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PoKeys Mach3 plugin
Installing plugin
In order to install PoKeys Mach3 plugin, simply copy the Pokeys.dll to the Mach3 plugin folder (by
default C:\Mach3\Plugins\). Also, install the latest PoKeys software using the provided setup file.
PoKeys Mach3 plugin existing functionality
- 3-/4-axis CNC machine support
- Support for PoKeys55, PoKeys56U, PoKeys56E and PoKeys57E devices
- Mapping of PoKeys digital inputs to Mach3 OEM LEDs and OEM buttons
- Mapping of Mach3 OEM LEDs to PoKeys digital outputs
- Mapping of PoKeys encoders to Mach3 DROs
- Support for matrix keyboard
- Support for kbd48CNC keyboard on I2C address 1
- Support for PWM outputs
- Support for alphanumeric LCD display
- Support for analog inputs (analog joystick, analog to DRO mapping, offsets and gains
adjustment, automatic calibration)
- Support for IO mapping (Mach3 native input-output pins, additional 100 Mach3 IO device
pins - device name PoKeys_{serial number})
- Dedicated menu for each device
- Support for pendant with the activation switch
- Usage of PoKeys Pulse engine (available on PoKeys56U and Pokeys56E devices) as external
motion controller for Mach3
- Safety charge pump output on pin 53
- External motion controller homing support
- Soft-limits and limit-override support
- Probing support
Configuring plugin for the first time
Open Mach3 and go to Config -> Config plugins.. The following dialog will appear.
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Enable the Pokeys-Polabs plugin and click CONFIG to start configuring the plugin. PoKeys plugin
support multiple PoKeys devices (PoKeys55, PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E). To add a new device
configuration, click the ‘Add new’ button and select the PoKeys device (as illustrated in the image
below).
After new device configuration is added, Mach3 MUST BE RESTARTED!
After restart, the option ‘Configure’ is enabled. This opens the device configuration dialog where user
can configure the device. The same can be achieved using a dedicated device menu entry in the
Mach3 Plugin Control menu.
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Enabling Pulse engine
In order to use Pulse engine support, go to device configuration, switch to ‘Pulse engine’ tab and
enable one of the following options:
-
Integrated 3ch: use the integrated pulse engine support in PoKeys56U and PoKeys56E. This
option supports step frequencies up to 25 kHz
External 4ch without IO: use the pulse engine with conjunction with a simple external pulse
engine adapter. This option supports step frequencies up to 125 kHz.
External 4ch with IO: use the pulse engine with PoKeysCNCaddon external boards. This
option supports step frequencies up to 125 kHz.
After selecting one of the options above, click OK and restart Mach3 in order to allow Mach3
recognize an external motion controller.
On the next Mach3 startup, the following dialog will appear, notifying you that the motion control
hardware plugin was detected. Select PoKeys-Polabs and click OK.
To enable Pulse engine, the emergency switch input must be connected between pin 52 and
ground. The switch must be NC (normally closed) type.
At this step, configure the axes as normally through Config -> Motor tuning. See below for details.
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Motors/axis setup
Open Config > Ports & Pins. The following dialog will appear.
Please check that the X, Y and Z axis are enabled (enable A Axis if external pulse generator is used).
Other settings are ignored.
After enabling the axes, open the Motor tuning dialog (Config > Motor tuning).
Follow the Mach3 motor tuning procedure to setup the appropriate values for ‘Steps per’, ‘Velocity’
and ‘Acceleration’ for each axis. The ‘Step pulse’ and ‘Dir pulse’ options are IGNORED.
To setup Home/Soft Limits, go to the menu Config > Homing/Limits. In this dialog, software limits and
homing speeds can be setup. Use the 'Reversed' and 'Home neg' options to setup the axes directions.
Please note that 'Slow Zone' is not supported.
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Axis switches configuration
In order to configure the axis switches, open Device configuration (either via Config Plugins or via a
dedicated device configuration menu in Plugin Control main menu in Mach3) and switch to Pulse
engine settings tab. The following dialog appears.
There is a separate drop-down menu for each available switch. If external pulse engine with IO
functionality is selected, external dedicated option can be selected in the menu for each switch or a
standard PoKeys digital input pin (the latest is the only option to use when using integrated pulse
engine or external pulse engine without IO functionality).
Home/ref switch has some additional options:
-
Shared with Limit-: Limit- switch functions both as Limit- and as home position switch.
During homing, Limit- functionality is temporarily disabled
Shared with Limit+: same as above, but with Limit+ switch
All switches can be inverted - the green/red blocks on the left of the switch selection options display
the current switch status, with green indicating a free (non-tripped) switch and red indicating tripped
switch. Use the 'Invert' option to switch between the states if necessary.
If limit switches are enabled, PoKeys Pulse engine will enter emergency mode if any limit switch gets
triggered.
The probing input option is available at the bottom of the dialog and offers mapping the probing
input to either external digital inputs or PoKeys digital input pins.
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Setting up digital inputs and outputs mapping
To access the digital inputs and output mapping, open the menu PlugIn control > Configure PoKeys
{your serial number}.
The following dialog will appear
PoKeys digital
input or output
Mapping to Mach3
OEM button
Mapping to Mach3
IOs
Selected IO
function
Mapping to
Mach3 OEM LED
Use invert option to
invert the digital
input or output state
First column displays a list of all inputs or outputs, available on your PoKeys device. Use the tree
structure to navigate between different peripherals and their IO pins.
The second column displays the pin function. If the pin is assigned a special function, a description of
this function will be displayed. If multiple special functions are assigned, a red 'Conflict' warning will
be displayed.
Third column (available for digital inputs and outputs) enables selection of mapping to Mach3 OEM
LEDs. If the pin function is set to 'Input', this mapping will enable setting of Mach3 OEM LED state
based on PoKeys IO pin state. If the pin function is set to 'Output', Mach3 OEM LED state will be
reflected to PoKeys IO pin state.
Fourth column (available only for digital inputs) enables selection of IO mapping to Mach3 OEM
buttons. When PoKeys IO pin is triggered, the selected Mach3 OEM button will be triggered also.
Fifth column (available for digital inputs and outputs) enables selection of mapping to/from Mach3
IOs (outputs, such as spindle relay, vacuum, … used internally by Mach to control different external
devices and inputs, such as limit, home switches, … used internally by Mach to detect the status of
the machine) and Mach3 IODevice inputs and outputs (accessible via VBScript).
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Pendant mode
Plugin supports the usage of pendant with activation switch. If such pendant is connected to PoKeys,
'Pendant mode' should be enabled (checkbox at the bottom of the 'PoKeys mapping' dialog). In this
mode, jog action will be deactivated when the activation switch is released and will be automatically
activated when there is a signal detected for both the axis and step selection.
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PoPendant configuration
Use the following table to configure PoPendant with Mach3. Activate 'Pendant mode' in Mapping
page in order to activate the MPG jogging activation/deactivation using the 'Control switch' on the
side of the PoPendant.
The configuration can also be downloaded (see PoPendant homepage) and imported into Mach3 (go
to Import/Export tab in plugin configuration and select 'PoKeys pin mapping' and 'Encoder settings
and mapping', then click on 'Import' and select the PoPendant configuration file).
Note: the following table only gives an example on how to connect the PoPendant to PoKeys
device. To ease the setup process, the configuration file for this example is provided on PoPendant
homepage. Wiring can be rearranged by the user, but the plugin configuration must be adjusted
accordingly.
If PoKeys Pulse engine is used, 'Let PoKeys handle MPG jogging' must be checked in encoder
configuration page.
Wire
PoPendant
"wire colour"
Function
PoKeys pin
number
Mach3
Mapping
1
red
2
black
MPG +5V
5V
/
MPG GND
GND
/
3
green
MPG A
1
MPG1 B
4
white
MPG B
2
MPG1 A
3*
purple
N.C.
N.C.
/
4*
purple/black
N.C.
N.C.
/
5
green/black
Lamp +
14
DO LED 57
6
white/black
Lamp -
+3.3V
/
7
yellow
X axis
19
Button 185
8
yellow/black
Y axis
20
Button 186
9
brown
Z axis
21
Button 187
10
brown/black
A axis
22
Button 188
9*
pink*
B axis
24
Button 189
10*
pink/black*
C axis
27
Button 190
11
gray
x1
3
Button 191
12
gray/black
x10
4
Button 192
13
orange
x100
14
orange/black
Ctrl Switch
15
Light blue
Estop
16
blue/black
Estop GND
17
red/black
shield
7
Button 193
GND
/
52
IO Estop**
GND
/
N.C
N.C.
/
shield
GND
/
Figure 3: PoPendant internal wiring
* Not available on all units
** Don't configure Estop mapping if pulse engine is
enabled
N.C.= not connected
DO = digital output
DI = digital input
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Encoder (MPG) settings
Invert direction
PoKeys Encoders
Enable 4x
resolution
Enable encoder
check box
Encoder to OEM
DRO mapping
Encoder A and B
pins mapping
Enable fast or
ultra fast
encoders
The encoder page lists all supported encoders with their current settings. Fast encoders (replacing
encoders 1-3) can be enabled by selecting the 'Enable fast encoders' option in the bottom part of the
dialog. Ultra fast encoders (available on PoKeys56 devices) appear as encoder 26 and can also be
enabled using the check box at the bottom of the window.
For other ('normal') encoders channel A and B signals must be setup. Select the appropriate PoKeys
pin in each list. The selected pin will be automatically set as digital input.
To invert the encoder direction (instead of switching A and B signal connections physically) use the
'Invert' option.
The check box in the sixth column enables 4x greater encoder resolution.
The right-most column enables selection of encoder to Mach3 OEM DRO mapping.
MPG (manual pulse generator) setup
PoKeys plugin ties itself directly into Mach3 core and does not represent a device a an LPT port-based
extension. Therefore Mach3's Ports and Pins configuration should not be used to setup the MPGs.
If you configure MPG in Mach3's Ports and Pins dialog, these MPGs won't work with PoKeys.
In order to setup MPG, follow the instructions above for an encoder, but select 'DRO 101 (MPG1)'
(for MPG1), 'DRO 102' (for MPG2) or 'DRO 103' (for MPG3) in DRO field for that encoder. Also note,
that the corresponding MPG must be only enabled in Mach3's Ports and pins under MPG tab.
If PoKeys Pulse engine is used, 'Let PoKeys handle MPG jogging' must be checked.
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Matrix keyboard setup
The matrix keyboard setup gives the options to activate matrix keyboard, select its width and height
and assign PoKeys pins to matrix keyboard row and column connections.
The selected pins are automatically setup as digital inputs and outputs.
Enable matrix
keyboard option
Matrix keyboard
size
Row
connections
Column
connections
To setup mapping of matrix keyboard keys to OEM LEDs and buttons, go back to 'PoKeys mapping'
tab and select appropriate functions for the matrix keyboard entries in the list of available IOs.
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LCD setup
The LCD configuration dialog can be used to enable LCD, select connection option (primary or
secondary pins, as defined in the PoKeys manual), select LCD size and edit contents of the LCD.
Enable LCD and
connection
selection option
'Edit contents'
button
LCD size
Connections
'cheatsheet'
To edit the LCD contents, setup the LCD first, then click on 'Edit contents' button. The following
dialog will appear
The dialog holds as many tabs as there are configured LCD lines in the previous step. The 'Row 1'
dialog is used to setup only the line 1 of the LCD display ('Row 2', … are used to setup the other lines
of the display).
Each row can hold multiple entries – either label only, either holding a numeric display of one of the
available variables. To add a new entry, enter the 'User label' (optional), select a variable you would
like to display and its display format. Then click 'Add' button. The contents list will be updated with
the new entry. To remove the entry, double-click on it. Although entries are displayed in the list in
the vertical manner, they are combined on the LCD horizontally as is displayed in the 'Preview' field
at the bottom.
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PWM (Pulse-width modulated) outputs
PoKeys devices support up to 6 pulse-width modulated digital outputs. All outputs share the same
PWM total period (specified in microseconds) and have separetely configurable duty cycles. Duty
cycles can be specified either in 0-100% or as raw PWM duty cycle period in microseconds.
PWM total
period setting
Output PWM
mapping
selection
Fixed PWM
value selection
Mach OEM DRO
selection
Each PWM output can be deactivated, mapped to Mach3 OEM DRO (PWM period in microseconds or
in %) or assigned a fixed value (PWM period in microseconds or in %).
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Analog inputs
Available analog inputs on the PoKeys device (pins 43-47 on PoKeys55 and pins 41-47 on PoKeys56)
can be either mapped to Mach3 OEM DRO register or used as an analog joystick axis, used for
jogging.
Analog inputs are displayed as 12-bit value (10-bit analog values on PoKeys55 devices are up-scaled
to 12-bit) and can be configured with user specific offset and gain value using the following formula:
where
is the corrected value of analog to digital readout
using the offset
and
gain
. The offset and gain values can be adjusted for each analog input separately. Mapping to
DRO or analog joystick is done using the corrected value
.
Raw analog
input value
Analog joystick
axis selection
Mach3 OEM
DRO selection
Analog joystick
test window (x-y)
Enable analog joystick
Analog joystick
calibration
Analog joystick deadband
Analog joystick functionality enables convenient jogging option. Based on the analog voltage, present
on the selected pin, the selected axis can be jogged progressively. To enable analog joystick, assign
the axes in the 'Analog joystick' column and click 'Calibrate' button at the bottom of the dialog. A
simple wizard will walk you through the process and enable you to calibrate (automatically set the
gain and offset values) based on your input. After the successfull calibration, enable analog joystick
functionality by checking the box 'Enable analog joystick'.
To disable unwanted jogging in zero position, adjust the parameter 'Deadband' based on the noise of
your analog input (enter value in analog value ticks – 0 to 2048). If the |
|
the axis will not be jogged.
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PoKeys IO status
This tab gives the user an overview of the PoKeys inputs and outputs. PoKeys pins are represented as
a grid of colored squares, each resembling a single PoKeys pin and encoder values are listed at the
bottom of the dialog.
By clicking the 'Open status', a floating dialog is diplayed, giving the user an overview of PoKeys
inputs and outputs, encoder values and PoKeys Pulse engine states even when configuration dialog is
closed.
Other (miscellaneous) settings
Misc tab contains additional miscallaneous settings.
Assert 'Reset' on connection failure: if checked, Mach3 will be but into 'Reset' mode when the
connection with the PoKeys device is dropped.
Disable the unavailable devices display on startup: if checked, PoKeys plugin won't display the
'Unavailable devices' window on Mach3 startup if the current device is not available
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PoIL shared data interchange
This option enables interchange between PoIL shared slots (see PoBlocks manual) and Mach3 DRO
registers. Once enabled, first 27 shared data slots are copied from PoKeys PoIL core to Mach3 DROs,
starting by the Mach3 DRO number, specified in the field on the right (values between 1000 and
2255 are valid).
If 'Use slots 21-27 to send data from Mach3 to PoKeys' option is enabled, slots 21 to 27 are read from
specified Mach3 DRO registers and sent to PoKeys PoIL core.
Custom operations can be performed on data from various PoKeys peripherals and result forwarded
to Mach3 (e.g. spindle speed calculation, product counting, PID control with reference set by Mach3,
…).
Reading and writing of IO from VB script
PoKeys Mach3 plugin exposes each PoKeys device (named PoKeys_{serial}, where serial is the serial
number of the PoKeys device) as 100 virtual IO pins that can be accessed from Mach3 VB script with
the following functions:
GetIODevName( DevID As Short ) Return String
DevID - Device ID's start at zero and go up.
Return - Returns the name of the Divice as a String. If the device ID is out of range the return will be
"NoDevice"
GetIODevInput( DevID As Short , IONumber As Short ) Return Double
DevID - Device ID's start at zero and go up.
IONumber - The number of the IO Starting at zero (Pin number -1)
Return - Returns the value of an input OR the value that an output is set to . If the device is not found
a return of 999 will be sent back.
SetIODevOutput(DevID As Short , IONumber As Short, Value As Double)
Return Short
DevID - Device ID's start at zero and go up.
IONumber - The number of the IO Starting at zero (Pin number -1)
Value - Any value to set the output to. for digital outputs 0 and 1 are used as on and off
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Return - Return of 0 if there are no faults, 1 is returned if he pin is not found , 2 is returned if the pin
is an output pin.
Example script (finds the PoKeys device with the serial number 25000, then toggles the IO 1
on and off at a rate of 1 Hz):
Sub Main()
DevName = "PoKeys_25000"
Outputnumber = 1
DevID = -1
Do
DevID = DevID+1
SearchName = GetIODevName(DevID)'Search for the Device
If(SearchName = "NoDevice") Then
MsgBox ("Error Finding Device")
Exit Sub
End If
Loop While (DevName <> SearchName)
For d=0 To 60'Loop 60 times to toggle the output on and off for one min
r = SetIODevOutput(DevID,Outputnumber,1)'Activate the output
If(r<>0) Then
MsgBox("Output#" & Outputnumber & " " & GetIODevIOName(DevID,Outputnumber) & " is Not
an
output" )
Exit Sub
End If
Sleep(500) 'Wait .5 sec
SetIODevOutput(DevID,Outputnumber,0)'Turn the output off
Sleep(500)'Wait .5 sec
Next d
End Sub
Main
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Additional OEM buttons
OEM button
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1910
1911
1912
Function
Plugin Jog Toggle
Plugin Jog +
Plugin Jog Plugin Rapid Jog Toggle
Plugin Goto 0's
Plugin Spindle CW
Plugin Spindle Stop
Plugin Spindle CCW
Additional OEM LEDs
OEM LED
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
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Function
Plugin Jog X axis LED
Plugin Jog Y axis LED
Plugin Jog Z axis LED
Plugin Jog A axis LED
Plugin Jog B axis LED
Plugin Jog C axis LED
Plugin Jog Select 0.001 increment LED
Plugin Jog Select 0.01 increment LED
Plugin Jog Select 0.1 increment LED
Plugin Jog Select 1 increment LED
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PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
Pulse engine v2 operating principles
PoKeys Pulse engine v2 (upgrade of the original PoKeys Pulse engine) is available on PoKeys56U and
PoKeys56E devices and enables a direct control of a positioning systems that accepts step/direction
signals (stepper motors, servo systems, etc.).
PoKeys Pulse engine divides the operations into 1 millisecond time slots, during which the pulse
frequency is held constant, and supports the generation of up to 25 pulses per 1 millisecond time slot
using integrated pulse generator or up to 125 pulses per 1 millisecond time slot using external pulse
generator circuit (which equates to 25/125 kHz maximum pulse frequency supported).
At each time slot beginning, the selected limit and home switches are read and evaluated. If
emergency switch or any activated limit switch (enabled in the configuration) is tripped, the pulse
engine is put into Error mode and no more pulses are generated (with hard-stop mechanism). Limit
switches can be disabled using the ‘Limit override’ function. In addition, PoKeys pulse engine also
supports ‘Soft-limit’ function, which limits the machine motion using the virtual limit switches.
Figure 4: Pulse engine configuration window in PoKeys configuration software
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PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
PoKeys Pulse engine operates in different modes with additional modes selectable per each axis.
Modes of operation






Stopped: the pulse engine does not generate any pulses.
Error: the pulse engine encountered an error (e.g. limit switch was activated).
Homing: homing mode is activated. In this mode, one or more axes can be homed. The
selected axis (or axes) moves in negative direction at predefined fraction of the maximum
speed until the home switch is tripped. Then, the direction is changed to positive and speed
decreased to half the previous speed. When the switch is tripped, the internal position
counter is reset and the axis is commanded to stop. This operation does not include moving
back to position 0. The state of homing procedure is reflected in axes states.
Probing: during probing, selected axes are actuated by PoKeys device until a probe signal has
changed to a predefined state. The position of the axes is saved and the motion is stopped.
(MPG) Jogging: if axis has an MPG assigned, the MPG jog is done by PoKeys device itself
using the MPG multiplier value.
Running: normal operation mode. In this mode, each axis can be put into either the ‘buffer’
mode (the internal controller is disabled and the slots are fed direclty from a slot buffer,
which must be constantly filled by the external application) or into the ‘internal controller
mode’:
o internal position control: moves the axis to the desired position, following the
limitations set by the axis parameters,
o internal speed control: moves the axis at the desired speed, following the limitations
set by the axis parameters.
Internal controller modes and buffer mode utilize separate internal buffers for operation. Hence,
changing between internal or external (buffered) mode does not require clearing the motion buffers.
Moreover, internal controller can be used on selected axes in parallel to the external (buffered)
mode on other axes (new to Pulse engine v2).
In buffer (slave) mode, the generated motion is transferred and temporarily stored in the timeslot
buffer - a 128-slots deep buffer that holds pulse frequencies for each axis, giving a 128 millisecond
buffered motion period. Each slot entry in the buffer holds 16 bytes (2 byte per axis) and each axis
entry uses 15-bits for pulse frequency and MSB bit for the direction signal (if MSB bit is set, the
direction output is activated). Although buffer holds 16 bytes per time slot, only [number of activated
axes] bytes are transferred for each slot using default ‘Fill motion buffer’ command.
Fill buffer command is used to transfer the data to the slot buffer. Application that uses the fill buffer
command should send as much time slot data as possible. PoKeys Pulse engine will then return the
number of accepted time slots. This omits the need of additional query on the buffer free space in
PoKeys Pulse engine buffer. Application should only then increase the 'read pointer' based on the
number of accepted slots. Additionally, fill buffer command returns a number of parameters of the
pulse engine (position, engine state, state of limit and home switches and states of each axis).
In Mach3 plugin, PoKeys Pulse engine operates in buffer (slave) mode during job execution and
executes the motion, generated by Mach3 motion planner. During jogging, MPG jogging, homing,
probing operations, the selected axis is switched to internal motion controller, enabling real-time
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PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
responses and high accuracy of positioning. MPG jogging uses encoder (MPG) values directly to feed
the internal motion controller with the up-to-date information on MPG position. This results in fast
responses of the machine to the MPG input.
Safety charge-pump output
When activated, 5 kHz square safety charge-pump signal is present on pin 53 if the Pulse engine is in
normal operating mode. The safety charge-pump in other operating mode can be enabled by the
user by selecting the ‘Enable charge-pump’ check boxes.
In Mach3 plugin, the user can select whether charge pump output is active during emergency.
Motor driver enable outputs
Motor driver enable outputs are available only with conjunction with PoKeysCNCaddon. User can
select modes in which the motor drivers are enabled by selecting the ‘Enable axis power’ check
boxes.
In Mach3 plugin, the motor driver enable outputs settings are joined with safety charge-pump
settings.
Axis parameters
Internal mode uses the following axis parameters of motion:






Maximum speed: maximum frequency of pulses (in pulses/s)
Acceleration: maximum acceleration (in pulses/s^2)
Deceleration: maximum deceleration (in pulses/s^2)
Limit and home switches configuration
Direction change configuration: direction can be changed separately for each of the axes
Homing direction configuration: direction of homing can be changed separately for each of
the axes
Custom external pulse generator without IO functionality
External pulse generator is a simple circuit for deserializing step and direction data, coming from
PoKeys device. The circuit uses 74HCT595 IC that is connected to PoKeys board as shown in the table
below.
Two 74HCT595 can be cascaded in order to support 8 axes, but single one can be used for up to 4
axes. When cascading, CLOCK and LATCH signals are shared between both ICs, while DATA out (pin 9)
of the first IC is used as DATA signal of the second IC.
Pin
Description
5V
GND
DATA
CLOCK
LATCH
5 V power supply
PoKeys ground
Signal for pulse generation
Signal for pulse generation
Signal for pulse generation
32
PoKeys56U
pin
5V
GND
23
25
26
PoKeys56E/57E
pin
5V
GND
9
11
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100n5V
LATCH 12
13
GNDi
VCC
CLOCK 11
10
5V
SER
SCK
/SCLR
RCK
/OE
GND
14
8
DATA
16
GNDi
QA
QB
QC
QD
QE
QF
QG
QH
QH*
15
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
100 STEP+1
DIR+1
100
STEP+2
100
DIR+2
100
STEP+3
100
DIR+3
R2B
100
STEP+4
100
DIR+4
100
DATA to next 4 axes
74HCT595
GNDi
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PoKeys Pulse engine v2 documentation
Please read the following notes
1. All information included in this document is current as of the date this document is issued. Such information, however,
is subject to change without any prior notice.
2. PoLabs does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights of
third parties by or arising from the use of PoLabs products or technical information described in this document. No
license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted hereby under any patents, copyrights or other intellectual property
rights of PoLabs or others. PoLabs claims the copyright of, and retains the rights to, all material (software, documents,
etc.) contained in this release. You may copy and distribute the entire release in its original state, but must not copy
individual items within the release other than for backup purposes.
3. Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided only to illustrate the
operation of the products and application examples. You are fully responsible for the incorporation of these circuits,
software, and information in the design of your equipment. PoLabs assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by
you or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software, or information.
4. PoLabs has used reasonable care in preparing the information included in this document, but PoLabs does not warrant
that such information is error free. PoLabs assumes no liability whatsoever for any damages incurred by you resulting
from errors in or omissions from the information included herein.
5. PoLabs devices may be used in equipment that does not impose a threat to human life in case of the malfunctioning,
such as: computer interfaces, office equipment, communications equipment, test and measurement equipment, audio
and visual equipment, home electronic appliances, machine tools, personal electronic equipment, and industrial robots.
6. Measures such as fail-safe function and redundant design should be taken to ensure reliability and safety when PoLabs
devices are used for or in connection with equipment that requires higher reliability, for example: traffic control
systems, anti-disaster systems, anticrime systems, safety equipment, medical equipment not specifically designed for
life support, and other similar applications.
7. PoLabs devices shall not be used for or in connection with equipment that requires an extremely high level of reliability
and safety, as for example: aircraft systems, aerospace equipment, nuclear reactor control systems, medical equipment
or systems for life support (e.g. artificial life support devices or systems), and any other applications or purposes that
pose a direct threat to human life.
8. You should use the PoLabs products described in this document within the range specified by PoLabs, especially with
respect to the maximum rating, operating supply voltage range and other product characteristics. PoLabs shall have no
liability for malfunctions or damages arising out of the use of PoLabs products beyond such specified ranges.
9. Although PoLabs endeavors to improve the quality and reliability of its products, semiconductor products have specific
characteristics such as the occurrence of failure at a certain rate and malfunctions under certain use conditions.
Further, PoLabs products are not subject to radiation resistance design. Please be sure to implement safety measures
to guard them against the possibility of physical injury, and injury or damage caused by fire in the event of the failure of
a PoLabs product, such as safety design for hardware and software including but not limited to redundancy, fire control
and malfunction prevention, appropriate treatment for aging degradation or any other appropriate measures.
10. Usage: the software in this release is for use only with PoLabs products or with data collected using PoLabs products.
11. Fitness for purpose: no two applications are the same, so PoLabs cannot guarantee that its equipment or software is
suitable for a given application. It is therefore the user's responsibility to ensure that the product is suitable for the
user's application.
12. Viruses: this software was continuously monitored for viruses during production, however the user is responsible for
virus checking the software once it is installed.
13. Upgrades: we provide upgrades, free of charge, from our web site at www.poscope.com. We reserve the right to charge
for updates or replacements sent out on physical media.
14. Please contact a PoLabs support for details as to environmental matters such as the environmental compatibility of
each PoLabs product. Please use PoLabs products in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations that regulate
the inclusion or use of controlled substances, including without limitation, the EU RoHS Directive. PoLabs assumes no
liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of your noncompliance with applicable laws and regulations.
15. Please contact a PoLabs support at [email protected] if you have any questions regarding the information
contained in this document or PoLabs products, or if you have any other inquiries.
16. The licensee agrees to allow access to this software only to persons who have been informed of and agree to abide by
these conditions.
17. Trademarks: Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. PoKeys, PoKeys55, PoKeys56U, PoKeys56E,
PoScope, PoLabs and others are internationally registered trademarks.
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