New Buck Corporation 20 Room Heater User manual

New Buck Corporation 20 Room Heater User manual
“MEETS PHASE II EPA STANDARDS”
MODEL 20 Room Heater
FEATURES
PREPARATION
OPERATION
INSTALLATION
MAINTENANCE
SAFETY
Contact your insurance company for coverage and installation inspection
SAFETY NOTICE
If this heater is not properly installed, a house fire may result. For your safety, follow the installation
directions. Contact local building or fire officials about restrictions and installation inspection requirements
in your area.
This product is listed by Warnock-Hersey International, Inc. to the UL Standard No. 1482 and 127.
Manufactured by New Buck Corporation, Spruce Pine, NC 28777
Revised
Tested by ITS
May/2001
PN-PI-200660
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1:
Room Heater Features ............................................................................................................................. 3
Important Statements ............................................................................................................................... 4
SECTION II:
Masonry Insert Installation ...................................................................................................................... 6
Minimum Clearances............................................................................................................................... 7
Required Fireplace Dimensions ............................................................................................................... 8
Tools for Installation................................................................................................................................ 8
Installation Preparation: Fireplace .......................................................................................................... 8
Installation Preparation: Heater .............................................................................................................. 8
Installation Procedure—Direct Connect .................................................................................................. 9
Positioning the Heater.............................................................................................................................. 9
Mounting the Trim Panels ..................................................................................................................9-10
Final Check............................................................................................................................................ 11
SECTION III:
Freestanding Installation........................................................................................................................ 12
Minimum Clearances............................................................................................................................. 13
Tools for Installation.............................................................................................................................. 14
Installation Preparation .......................................................................................................................... 14
Determining the Chimney Location....................................................................................................... 15
Final Check............................................................................................................................................ 18
SECTION IV:
Mobile Home Installation ...................................................................................................................... 19
Parts Requirements ................................................................................................................................ 19
Minimum Clearances............................................................................................................................. 20
Tools for Installation.............................................................................................................................. 20
Installation Preparation .......................................................................................................................... 21
Determining the Chimney Location....................................................................................................... 22
Final Check............................................................................................................................................ 23
SECTION V:
Zero-Clearance Installation.................................................................................................................... 24
Minimum Clearances............................................................................................................................. 26
SECTION VI:
Safety ..................................................................................................................................................... 28
SECTION VII:
Operation ............................................................................................................................................... 29
Building a Fire ....................................................................................................................................... 29
Operating and Safety Hints.................................................................................................................... 31
Guide to Burning Qualities of Wood ..................................................................................................... 31
Helpful Hints ......................................................................................................................................... 31
SECTION VIII:
Manufacturer’s Suggested Preventive Maintenance .............................................................................. 32
Catalytic Inspection ............................................................................................................................... 32
Catalyst Replacement ............................................................................................................................ 33
Door Gasket Replacement ..................................................................................................................... 34
Electrical Operation ............................................................................................................................... 35
SECTION IX:
Troubleshooting Guide .......................................................................................................................... 36
ZERO-CLEARANCE CABINET MODEL ZC20 ............................................................................ 46
SECTION I:
Residential Installations ......................................................................................................................... 47
SECTION II:
Mobile Home Installations..................................................................................................................... 54
WARRANTY—Heater............................................................................................................Rear Cover
SECTION I
The New Buck Corporation room heater Model 20 is one of the safest and most efficient heating systems
available when installed and operated as specified in these instructions and as stipulated on the operation and
installation labels affixed to the unit. The unit is designed to burn wood fuel only.
Please read this entire manual before you install and use your new room heater. Failure to follow instructions may
result in property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Throughout the manual, you will see this symbol .
Please make a special note of these areas.
This indicates areas of importance regarding safety.
Install and use only in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation and operating instructions. Do not connect
this unit to a chimney flue serving another appliance.
ROOM HEATER FEATURES
Before attempting to install or operate your heater, it is a good idea to familiarize yourself with the features and
operating controls of the unit.
OPERATING CONTROLS
WARNING: Model 20 heater was not designed for fire grates.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
Bypass Damper: The bypass damper control is located in the top center of the heater front just under the top.
It is operated by pushing or pulling the rod. The damper is fully open when the handle is pulled out and fully
closed when it is pushed in. The damper must be open before the door is opened.
Blower Control: The blower control switch is located behind the access door at the lower left hand side of
the front of the unit. The unit has a Auto-Off-Manual manual switch. Set the switch to the Manual position and
the blower well start at any temperature, set the switch to the Off position and the blower well not run at any
temperature. Set the switch to the Auto position and when the stove temperature reaches 110o blower will
automatically come on.
Primary Air Control: The primary air intake draft control is located on the upper portion of the unit next to
the top extension. It is operated by moving up and down to control the amount of primary air entering the
firebox.
Warm Air Outlets: Provides heat extraction from the top of the firebox.
Baffles: Directs air flow around the unit for maximum heat transfer.
Air Inlet: Allows cool air near the floor to be circulated through the blower and back into the warm air
chamber of the heater.
Stand: Elevates heater above the floor for safety and a neat appearance.
Door: Provides an “airtight” feature. The door allows a much higher burning efficiency than can be obtained
with an open firebox.
Hearth Extension: Offers protection from spilled ashes and cinders.
Power Cord: Provides electrical power to operate the blower.
Chimney Connector: Used to connect unit to chimney or direct connect kit.
Catalysts: Enables the unit to burn cleanly and efficiently.
Temperature Monitor: The location can be used for either a fireplace insert or freestanding installation.
Monitor hole is located to the right of the damper rod on the front. Remove plug and insert probe provided by
manufacturer.
Cover Door: Conceals blower, blower controls and ash pan.
Air Wash: Primary air is directed in such a way as to provide a “sweeping” airwash over the glass to assist in
keeping it clean.
Ash Pan: Provides for easy ash removal
Outside Air Control: Allows for adjustment of the amount of outside air entering the unit (installations using
outside air kit #P21B). Required in Mobile Home Installation.
EPA COMPLIANCE STATUS
This manual describes the installation and operation of the New Buck Corporation, Model 20 wood heater.
This heater meets the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Emission limits for wood heaters sold after July
1, 1992. Under specific test conditions this heater has been shown to deliver heat at rates ranging from
approximately 10,000 to 39,000 BTU/hr.
CATALYST EQUIPPED
This wood heater contains a catalytic combustor, which needs periodic inspection and replacement for proper
operation. It is against the law to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with operating instructions
in this manual, or if the catalytic element is deactivated or removed.
CATALYST WARRANTY
The combustor supplied with this heater is a set of (2) (2x3-5/16x7x25 cells). Consult the catalytic combustor
warranty also supplied with this heater. All warranty claims should be addressed to:
Applied Ceramics
Customer Service Department
P.O. Box 29664
Atlanta, GA 30359
770-448-6888
See enclosed catalyst warranty for instructions. New Buck Corporation does not handle catalyst replacements.
Customer can order direct from Applied Ceramics.
PROPER FUEL SELECTION
This heater is designed to burn natural wood only. Higher efficiencies and lower emissions generally result
when burning air dried seasoned hardwoods, as compared to softwoods or to green or freshly cut hardwoods.
DO NOT BURN:
1) Treated Wood
3) Garbage
5) Solvents
7) Trash
2) Coal
4) Cardboard
6) Colored Paper
Burning treated wood, garbage, solvents, colored paper or trash may result in release of toxic fumes and may
poison or render the catalytic combustor ineffective.
Burning coal, cardboard, or loose paper can produce soot, or large flakes of char or fly ash that can coat the
combustor, causing smoke spillage into the room and rendering the combustor ineffective.
ACHIEVING CATALYTIC LIGHT-OFF
The temperature in the stove and the gases entering the combustor must be raised to between 500o F to 700o F
for catalytic activity to be initiated. This can be determined with the use of a temperature monitor (TM-20).
During the start up of a cold stove a medium to high firing rate must be maintained for about 20 minutes. This
ensures that the stove, catalyst, and fuel are all stabilized at proper operating temperatures. Even though it is
possible to have gas temperatures reach 600o F within two to three minutes after a fire is started, if the fire is
allowed to die down immediately it may go out or the combustor may stop working. If this happens open the
damper to raise the temperature to activate the catalyst. Once the combustor starts working, heat generated in
it by burning the smoke will keep it working.
ACHIEVING CATALYTIC LIGHT-OFF WHEN REFUELING
During the refueling and rekindling of a cool fire, or a fire that has burned down to the charcoal phase, operate
the stove at a medium to high firing rate for about 10 minutes to ensure that the catalyst reaches approximately
600o F.
CATALYST MONITORING
It is important to periodically monitor the operation of the catalytic combustor to ensure that it is functioning
properly and to determine when it needs to be replaced. A non-functioning combustor will result in a loss of
heating efficiency, and an increase in creosote and emissions. Following is a list of items that should be
checked on a periodic basis.
Combustors should be visually inspected at least three times during the heating season to determine if physical
degradation has occurred. Actual removal of the combustor is not recommended unless more detailed
inspection is warranted because of decrease in performance. If any of these conditions exist, refer to Catalyst
Troubleshooting Section of the owner’s manual.
This catalytic heater is equipped with the means to install a temperature probe to monitor catalyst operation.
Properly functioning combustors typically maintain temperatures in excess of 1000o F. If catalyst
temperatures are not in excess of 500o F refer to Catalyst Troubleshooting section of this owner’s manual. You
can get an indication of whether the catalyst is working by comparing the amount of smoke leaving the
chimney when the smoke is going through the combustor and catalyst light-off has been achieved to the
amount of smoke leaving the chimney when the smoke is not routed through the combustor (bypass mode).
Step 1—Light stove in accordance with instructions.
Step 2—With smoke routed through the catalyst, go outside and observe the emissions leaving the
chimney.
Step 3—Engage the bypass mechanism and again observe the emissions leaving the chimney.
Significantly more smoke should be seen when the exhaust is not routed through the combustor (bypass
mode). Be careful not to confuse smoke with steam from wet wood.
CAUTION AGAINST OVER-FIRING
Do Not Over-fire This Heater.
Attempts to achieve heat output rates that exceed heater design specifications can result in permanent damage
to the heater and to the catalytic combustor.
MAINTAIN PROPER DRAFT
Draft is the force which moves air from the appliance up through the chimney. The amount of draft in your
chimney depends on the length of the chimney, local geography, nearby obstructions, and other factors. Too
much draft may cause excessive temperatures in the appliance and may damage the catalytic combustor.
Inadequate draft may cause backpuffing into the room and “plugging” of the chimney or the catalyst.
Inadequate draft will cause the appliance to leak smoke into the room through appliance and chimney
connector joints.
An uncontrollable burn or a glowing red stove part or chimney connector indicates excessive draft.
ASH REMOVAL
Whenever ashes build up in the firebox and when the fire has burned down and cooled, remove excess ashes.
Leave an ash bed approximately 1 inch deep on the firebox bottom to help maintain a hot charcoal bed.
Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed container of ashes should be
placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground, away from all combustible materials, pending final
disposal. The ashes should be retained in the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled.
SECTION II
MASONRY INSERT INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS
Extensive field and laboratory testing has shown that catalytic stoves perform best as fireplace inserts when:
1.
A direct connect kit is used to connect the stove exhaust outlet directly to the masonry flue of the fireplace
when flue liner size is approximately the same size as the heater flue gas exit. A rain cap is also recommended
to keep flue dry thus allowing a hotter draft.
NFPA 211 CODE: The National Fire Protection Association code requires all fireplace insert heaters to be
positively connected from the heater to the flue liner (subject to State and Local codes in your area).
2.
3.
An equivalent sized flue liner is installed when the flue liner size is larger than the heater flue gas exit.
Connection must be from stove exhaust outlet extending the full height of the chimney and must include a rain
cap.
Location of chimney is interior (not on an outside wall).
Satisfactory results have been reported with installations other than as listed above. However, as all chimneys draw
differently, problems with performance may be encountered if steps are not taken to keep the chimney hot. A draft
between .03 and .06 inches of water is recommended for proper catalytic operation.
Use the following to complete the installation of the unit as an insert:
Kit #FP20
INSTALLATION (Fireplace Insert)
FIGURE 1
FIREPLACE INSERT
MINIMUM CLEARANCES:
The Model 20 Fireplace Insert is intended for installation in accordance with the standard for chimneys, fireplaces,
vents, and solid-fuel burning appliances, NFPA-211 Code. This model is not intended for installation into factorybuilt metal fireplaces or for use with a metal chimney (except as listed in Section V of this manual).
1. The hearth must be of masonry construction and must extend a minimum of 16” in front of the firebox
opening and a minimum of 8” to either side of the firebox opening.
2. If there is not 16” from the front of the firebox opening and the front of the masonry hearth, a floor
protector must be used in front of the hearth to protect combustible materials. 2” of brick, a listed “floor
protector” or a floor protector made of non-combustible, inorganic material with a K* factor may be used
as follows:
K = 2.5 BTU/((HR) (Ft2) (oF/IN))
ALTERNATE FLOOR PROTECTORS MATERIALS
With the floor protector or hearth extension material specified as one layer of 2” thick brick with a K* factor of
5.0, you may use alternate materials as long as the K* factor (s) is calculated as follows:
Formula: Required thickness = (K of alternate material/K of millboard) x (thickness of millboard)
Example: An alternate inorganic non-combustible millboard with a K of .9375 would require a thickness
as follows:
Required thickness = (.9375/5.0) x 2 in.
= 3/8 inch
K Factors of Alternate Materials
Material
Ceroform 126
Limestone
Concrete
Sandstone
Marble
K
.21
8.0
8.0
13.0
18.0
Required Thickness
1/8”
3.2”
3.2”
5.2”
7.2”
Hearth extension or floor protector thickness above four (4) inches is generally not acceptable due to cost, floor
load capacity, and look. The alternate we recommend is using Ceroform No. 126 millboard 1/8” thick minimum
and putting any type decorative brick or stone (any thickness) on top of it.
•
The K* factor represents the thermal conductivity of a material and is the time rate of heat flow through a
homogeneous material under steady-state conditions, through unit area, per unit temperature gradient in the
direction perpendicular to a surface.
3. If your fireplace has wood trim above it, the wood trim must be at least 8” above the top of the unit and
may be a maximum of 1/2” thick.
4. If your fireplace has a wood mantel, the mantel or mantel supports must be located at a height greater
than 12” above the top of the unit.
REQUIRED FIREPLACE DIMENSIONS
Minimum and/or maximum fireplace dimensions:
Height
Min.
Max.
Model 20
22”
31”
Width
Min.
26”
Max.
41”
Depth
Min.
16”
POSSIBLE TOOLS NEEDED FOR INSTALLATION
If you decide to install your own stove, there are several hand tools you may need to do the job. If you do not
already have them, they are readily available at most hardware stores.
Caulking gun
Large adjustable wrench (may not be needed)
Drop cloths or newspapers
Vacuum cleaner or whisk broom
Flashlight
1 tube of RTV silicone, Code 103 or 106, or high temperature rubber cement rated between 450o F- 600o F
7/32” drill bit and drill
Socket/Rachet Set
INSTALLATION PREPARATION
Fireplace:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Locate furniture and other materials away from the front of the fireplace to allow free access to the fireplace.
Cover the hearth and adjacent floor areas with the drop cloths to protect from soiling or marring the surface.
Remove the existing fireplace damper plate.
Thoroughly clean the fireplace of ashes and soot.
Check the chimney and smoke chamber for excessive buildup of creosote or soot. Also, check for
obstructions, such as bird’s nests. If the chimney is excessively dirty, clean it, or have someone clean it
professionally BEFORE installing or using the room heater.
If the fireplace has an ash dump or outside air provision, these must be sealed off with metal or tightly packed
non-combustible insulation to prevent cold air from entering the fireplace chamber.
Heater:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Inspect the unit for any obvious physical damage.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” and rheostat to “High” position to ensure
motor operates properly.
Check the primary air draft control to ensure that it operates freely.
Check the operations of the damper control to ensure it will open and close properly.
If unit is a fireplace insert remove rear side panels and place screws back in the holes before setting the unit in
the fireplace opening.
NOTE: Due to the redesign for the 2002 series of the Model 20/ZC20, starting
with serial number 003908 . The following steps must be followed for proper installation and operating.
INSTALLATION
MOUNTING TRIM PANELS FOR MASONRY INSTALLATION
(Changes refer to pages 9 and 10 in your owners manual)
POSITIONING THE HEATER
When positioning the heater, the following conditions
MUST be met! (See Figure 2)
1.
2.
3.
The front of the damper opening must be positioned
BEHIND the rear edge of the lintel to ensure proper
draft. (See Figure 2)
The vertical plane of the fireplace front must fall
BEHIND the side cold air vent on top of the unit. (In
other words, it is possible to have the heater too far in
as well as not far enough.)
Center the heater in the fireplace opening.
MOUNTING THE TRIM PANELS
FIGURE 2
POSITIONING
After the unit is positioned, as shown in Figure 2, mark the
mounting position of the trim panels as follows:
1. Set the top (long) trim panel in place on top of the unit.
The panel should be flat against the outside face of the
fireplace, and standing vertically. Mark along the
lower edge of the trim panel with a pencil to make a
reference line for mounting.
2. Set the side trim panels in place behind and against the
intake covers, again, flat against the face of the
fireplace. Mark down the edge of the trim panel to
make a vertical reference line.
3.
4.
5.
FIGURE 3
MOUNTING TRIM PANELS
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Slide the unit out of the fireplace far enough to
work behind the trim panel reference lines.
Mount the side trim panels. (See Figure 3)
a. Position the trim panel on the reference line.
b. Drill mounting holes in center of trim panels
mounting brackets to allow for adjustment
in and out if necessary.
c. Mount the trim panel using the self-tapping
screws provided.
Place top panel back on reference mark. Take
top trim panel mounting bracket supplied with
unit. Position bracket so it overlaps rear lip of
top trim panel. Drill mounting holes in top of
stove using holes in bracket as guide. Tighten
down screws. NOTE: The mounting Bracket is
only necessary with direct connect installation.
Now, follow the installation procedures in the
listed direct connect or positive connect kit you
are using and install the heater and connect kit in
the fireplace.
Slide the unit back into the fireplace. Check to be
sure that the trim panels are properly positioned
and lie flat against the front of the fireplace. If
one or more of the panels is out of position, slide
the unit out and reset by loosening the mounting
screws and repositioning in the slot.
Reinstall the top trim panel by sliding the rear lip of the top trim panel underneath the front lip of the mounting
bracket already secured to top of unit.
NOTE: Mount the top trim panel so that it sits in front of the top of the side trim panels.
Obtain the brass trim kit provided with unit and slip over the top and sides of trim panels. (Top ends of brass
may need to be trimmed to fit.)
If direct connect or positive connect kit is not used, follow instructions in steps 1-4c on previous page.
Mount top trim panel by drilling mounting holes in center of trim panel mounting brackets, with top end side
of top panel overlapping side panel.
Using insulation provided, peel and stick to back of panels overlapping fireplace dimensions by 1” on each
side and top. (See Figure 3.)
Next using high heat silicone or furnace cement run heavy bead of caulking around where panels meet the
stove. (See Figure 3.)
Slide the unit back into the fireplace. Check to be sure that the trim panels (and brass) are properly positioned
and lie flat against the front of the fireplace. If panels are out of position, slide the unit out and reset by
loosening the mounting screws and repositioning in the slot. With bar, lift stove in front. Place insulation
across front and the surface of hearth or bottom of fireplace, to make complete seal.
To check seal of panels, use candle flame and go around the entire area sealed by silicone and insulation. If
flame leans toward inside of fireplace, add additional insulation. This ensures an airtight seal.
FINAL CHECK
1.
2.
3.
4.
Recheck the specified clearances.
Remove all foreign material from the firebox area.
Open the primary air draft and damper bypass.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” position to ensure motor operates
properly.
5. Place crumpled pieces of newspaper in the stove. Light it and close the door. Ensure that the stove draws
properly through the primary drafts.
6. Check for smoke leaks around the door.
7. Open the door and check for smoke escaping from the front of the stove. Smoking usually indicates a
defective or poorly positioned chimney. Some chimneys with a marginal draft can be preheated by lighting
newspaper and holding it near the open damper with a poker or fire tong. Once the chimney heats up, a proper
draft can usually be obtained.
If a thorough review of the Troubleshooting Guide in the rear of the manual does not reveal the problem, contact
your dealer for assistance.
NOTE: The unit is painted with a specially formulated high temperature paint that cures during the first two or
three firings. You may notice a slight smoking effect and an odor of burning paint when you build the first fires.
This is normal and is not a cause for alarm. In some cases, these fumes will activate a smoke alarm. Opening a
window near the unit will allow these fumes to escape. DO NOT build a large, roaring fire until this curing is
complete or the heater finish may be damaged.
SECTION III
RESIDENTIAL FREESTANDING ROOM HEATER
INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION PRECAUTION
Extensive field and laboratory testing has shown that catalytic stoves perform best as freestanding stoves when
vented into a masonry chimney if:
1.
2.
3.
A rain cap is installed on the chimney.
Height of chimney is at least 15 feet high.
Location of chimney is interior (not on an outside wall).
NOTE: Certain types of double wall pipe (close clearance) also cause a substantial drop in flue gas temperature. If
a double wall pipe connector is being contemplated, check with the pipe manufacturer to ascertain that the use of
their product will not affect the flue gas temperature. Do not use double wall pipes which reduce flue gas
temperatures.
Satisfactory results have been reported with installations other than listed above. However, draft problems are
possible if a hot chimney is not maintained.
Use pedestal kits as follow:
Model 20
Kit #P8 or #P21B
CAUTION: Do not connect this unit to a chimney flue serving another appliance.
MINIMUM CLEARANCES
The New Buck Corporation Model 20 must be installed in compliance with the instructions contained in this
manual.
CLEARANCE FROM COMBUSTIBLE WALLS AND CEILINGS (Using single wall chimney connector)
The minimum lateral distance between any part of the room heater and combustible walls is shown in Figures 1
and 2.
FIGURE 1
WALL INSTALLATION
FIGURE 2
CORNER INSTALLATION
FLOOR PROTECTION
If a freestanding model is to be installed on a combustible floor, a non-combustible pad must be placed below it to
protect the floor from burning material from the stove. The pad must be 36” wide by 37” deep. UL tests were
conducted without a floor protector. Therefore, the protector can be of any thickness and any K* factor.
The unit must be positioned on the pad so that there is a minimum of 16” from the front of the door opening to the
front of the pad, and a minimum of 8” measured horizontally from the sides of the fuel loading and ash removal
openings to the sides of the pad.
NOTE: For clearance reductions using wall protectors, refer to the NFPA -211 code.
Close clearance installations using listed Close Clearance pipe and 2100o HT chimney system from approved
manufacturer’s list. (See page 18)
12”
FIGURE 3
WALL INSTALLATION
FIGURE 4
CORNER INSTALLATION
TOOLS FOR INSTALLATION
Drop Cloth
Electric Drill with 3/32” drill bit
5/16” combination wrench
5/16” magnetic socket chuck adapter, 5/16” wrench (box or socket) or adjustable wrench
Socket Set
Tape Measure
Pencil
Level
PREPARING THE STOVE FOR INSTALLATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Inspect the unit for any obvious physical damage.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” and rheostat to “High” position to ensure
motor operates properly.
Check the primary air draft control to ensure that it operates freely.
Check the operation of the bypass damper control to ensure that it will open and close properly.
Remove any items from within the firebox. Spread the drop cloth on the floor behind the heater. Next, tilt the
heater so that the back is on the drop cloth.
Using a tape measure, make a line down 3” from the front of the heater.
Open the corresponding freestanding kit and obtain the stand. Place the stand against the bottom of the heater
(angle side to heater) at the marked line. Center the stand left and right and mark screw locations on bottom
through outer holes of stand mounting angles. Set stand aside and drill four 3/32” holes in heater bottom.
Obtain four 3/16” self-tapping screws and secure the stand to the heater.
Reposition the heater to the upright position.
PREPARING THE ROOM HEATER LOCATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select an installation location that will give the best airflow from the front of the heater to the remainder of the
home.
Place the protective floor pad in position.
Place the unit on the pad making sure the minimum clearance specifications are met.
If connecting to an existing masonry flue, first ensure that the flue conforms to the NFPA-211 Code and/or
consult your local code for proper procedures.
CHIMNEY
This room heater must be converted to (1) a chimney complying with the requirements for Type HT chimneys in
the Standard for Chimneys, Factory-Built, Residential, Type and Building Heating Appliance, UL 103, or (2) a
code approved masonry chimney with a flue liner.
CAUTION: Certain installation types require the use of certain chimney types. Please follow these
instructions exactly.
DETERMINING THE CHIMNEY LOCATION
A. Ceiling Exit (Using Single Wall Pipe)
1. Suspend a plumb bob from the ceiling above the unit so that the weight is hanging in the center of the flue
exit. (A small weight on a string will serve as a plumb bob.) Mark the ceiling where the string is
suspended to locate the center of the chimney.
2. After locating the center of the hole, install the ceiling support box, chimney or chimney connector,
flashing, and rain cap per the chimney manufacturer’s instructions, and local building codes for
installation through combustible walls or ceilings.
3.
Now connect the stove and
ceiling support box using #24
ga. minimum blued or black
steel connector pipe (DO NOT
USE GALVANIZED PIPE).
Connect each section so the
crimped end faces downward,
and secure each section to each
other using at least three (3)
sheet metal screws or rivets.
Single wall pipe is to be
connected with 3 screws or
rivets to New Buck
Corporation Chimney
Connector after connector has
been attached to stove. (See
Figure 5)
NOTE:
SEE CHIMNEY
MANUFACTURERS
INSTALLATION
INSTRUCTIONS
FOR INSTALLING
CHIMNEY AND
CEILING TRIM
PLATE.
CEILING
CEILING
SUPPORT
BOX
SINGLE WALL
CONNECTOR PIPE
NEW BUCK CORP.
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
FIGURE 5
B. Wall Exit into Metal Tee-Box
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Mark the plumb line on the wall directly
behind the center of the heater. (See
Figure 6)
Place the vertical portion of the heater
pipe and the elbow in position and
project a point onto the plumb line level
with the center of the elbow.
Measure up so there will be at least 1/4”
rise per foot of horizontal connector
pipe, maintaining clearances to the
ceiling as noted in Figure 6. This will
give you the center of the hole for the
chimney penetration.
After locating the center of the
penetration, install the tee-box and
chimney or chimney connector as per the
chimney manufacturer’s specifications
and local building codes for installation
through combustible walls or ceilings.
PASS-THROUGH
CONNECTOR
FIGURE 6
FLUE EXIT
Connect the chimney collar to the tee-box using #24 ga. minimum blued or black steel connector pipe. DO
NOT USE GALVANIZED PIPE. Connect each section so the crimped end faces downward, and secure each
section to each other using at least three (3) steel sheet metal screws or rivets.
After securing New Buck Corporation Chimney Connector to heater, secure pipe to connector with three (3)
screws or rivets.
C. Wall Exit Into Masonry (Using Single
Wall Pipe)
Before connecting the Model 20 to a
masonry chimney, determine that the
masonry fireplace wall pass-through
connector thimble meets the NFPA-211 code
and local building codes and is a minimum of
18” from the ceiling. If the connector thimble
does not meet these codes, the pass-through
connector must be modified. NOTE: Follow
chimney or chimney connector
manufacturer’s instructions.
Connectors may pass through walls or partitions constructed of combustible material if
the connector is:
(a) Either listed for wall pass-through or
is routed through a device listed for
wall pass-through and is installed in
accordance with the conditions of
the listing
CHIMNEY
FIGURE 7
FLUE GAS EXIT INTO
MASONRY CHIMNEY
(b) Selected or fabricated in accordance with the conditions and clearances as stated in NFPA-211 code. Any
unexposed metal that is used as part of a wall pass-through system and is exposed to flue gases shall be
constructed of stainless steel or other equivalent material that will resist corrosion, softening, or cracking
from flue gases at temperatures up to 1800o F.
In addition, a connector to a masonry chimney shall extend through the wall to the inner face or liner but not
beyond, and shall be firmly cemented to masonry.
Exception: A thimble may be used to facilitate removal of the chimney connector for cleaning, in which case the
thimble shall be permanently cemented in place with high temperature cement.
2.
Once the through-the-wall thimble codes are met, simply connect the chimney collar to the wall pass-through
connector using #24 ga. minimum blued or black steel connector pipe as follows:
(a) Maintain 1/4” rise per foot (horizontal length) from the appliance to the chimney.
(b) Connect each section so the crimped end faces downward.
(c) Secure each section to each other using at least three (3) sheet metal screws or rivets.
(d) After securing New Buck Corporation Chimney Connector to heater secure pipe to connector with three
(3) screws or rivets.
D. Ceiling Exit-Close Clearance (Using Listed Close Clearance Pipe and 2100o HT Chimney System From
Approved Manufacturers List. ) (See page 18)
1.
Suspend a plumb bob from the
ceiling above the unit so that the
weight is hanging in the center of the
flue exit. (A small weight on a string
will serve as a plumb bob.) Mark the
ceiling where the string is suspended
to locate the center of the chimney
hole.
2.
After locating the center of the hole,
install the ceiling support box,
chimney, flashing, and rain cap.
3.
Next, install a New Buck Corporation Chimney Connector to the
flue of the heater.
4.
Connect listed chimney to heater and
fo llow p ipe ma n uf a ctu re r s
installation instructions exactly.
NOTE: SEE SIMPSON
DURA-VENT TYPE
“DP” CHIMNEY
INSTRUCTIONS FOR
INSTALLING CHIMNEY.
CEILING
CEILING SUPPORT BOX
SIMPSON DURAVENT TYPE
”DVL” DOUBLE
WALL CHIMNEY
CONNECTOR
NEW BUCK
CORP. CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
FIGURE 8
FINAL CHECK
1.
Recheck the specified clearances.
2.
Remove all foreign material from the firebox area.
3.
Open the primary air draft and damper bypass.
4.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” and rheostat to “High” position to ensure
motor operates properly.
5.
Place crumpled pieces of newspaper in the stove. Light it and close the door. Ensure that the stove draws
properly through the primary draft.
6.
Check for smoke leaks around the door.
7.
Open the door and check for smoke escaping from the front of the stove. Smoking usually indicates a
defective or poorly positioned chimney. Some chimneys with a marginal draft can be preheated by lighting
newspaper and holding it near the open damper with a poker or fire tong. Once the chimney heats up, a proper
draft can usually be obtained.
If a thorough review of the Troubleshooting Guide in the rear of the manual does not reveal the problem, contact
your dealer for assistance.
NOTE: The unit is painted with a specially formulated high temperature paint that cures during the first two or
three firings. You may notice a slight smoking effect and an odor of burning paint when you build the first fires.
This is normal and is not a cause for alarm. In some cases, these fumes will activate a smoke alarm. Opening a
window near the unit will allow these fumes to escape. DO NOT build a large, roaring fire until this curing is
complete or the heater finish may be damaged.
SECTION IV
MOBILE HOME ROOM HEATER INSTALLATION
WARNING: DO NOT INSTALL IN
SLEEPING
ROOM.
CAUTION: The structural integrity of
the mobile home floor, wall, and ceiling/
roof must be maintained.
Parts Requirements:
MODEL 20
Part Description / Part -
New Buck Corporation
New Buck Corporation
New Buck Corporation
•
•
•
Model 20 Room Heater
Outside air pedestal kit #P21B
6” Chimney Connector #MA-6CHIMCNB
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6” Double wall chimney connector type DVL
6” 2100o HT Type “DP” Chimney
6” Type DL Double wall connector
6” Security type “ASHT” high temp chimney
6” Model DS Double wall connector
6” Model SSII Type HT chimney system
6” Type DW Double wall connector
6” 2100o HT chimney
UL Listed and factory approved Chimney Systems:
Simpson Dura-Vent
Simpson Dura-Vent
Security
Security
Selkirk Metal Bestos
Selkirk Metal Bestos
Metal Fab
Metal Fab
Clearance from combustible walls using listed Close Clearance pipe and 2100o HT chimney system from approved
manufacturer’s list. (See page 18)
FIGURE 1 WALL INSTALLATION
FIGURE 2
CORNER INSTALLATION
FLOOR PROTECTION
If the room heater is to be installed on a combustible floor, a non-combustible pad must be placed below it to
protect the floor from burning material from the stove. The pad must be 36” wide by 37” deep for the Model 20.
Tests were conducted without a floor protector. Therefore, the protector can be of any thickness and any K* factor.
The unit must be positioned on the pad so that there is a minimum of 16” from the front of the door opening to the
front of the pad, and a minimum of 8” measured horizontally from the sides of the fuel loading and ash removal
openings to the sides of the pad.
TOOLS FOR INSTALLATION
Drop cloth
3/32” Metal drill bit
5/16” magnetic socket chuck adapter, 5/16” wrench (box or socket) or adjustable wrench
Jigsaw with masonry, metal and wood blades
PREPARING THE HEATER FOR INSTALLATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Inspect the unit for any obvious physical damage.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” and rheostat to “High” position to ensure
motor operates properly.
Check the primary air draft control to ensure that it operates freely.
Check the operation of the damper bypass control to ensure that it will open and close properly.
Remove any items from within the firebox. Spread the drop cloth on the floor behind the heater. Next, tilt the
heater so that the back is on the drop cloth.
Using a tape measure, make a line down 3” from the front of the heater.
Open the proper outside air freestanding kit and obtain the stand. Place the stand against the bottom of the
heater (angle side to heater) at the marked line. Center the stand left to right and mark screw locations on
bottom through outer holes of stand mounting angles. Set stand aside and drill four 3/32” holes in heater
bottom.
Obtain the four #10-16 x 3/4” self-tapping screws provided and secure the stand to the heater.
Reposition the heater to the upright position.
PREPARING THE ROOM HEATER LOCATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Select an installation location that will give the best airflow from the front of the heater to the remainder of the
home.
Place the protective floor pad in position.
Place the unit on the pad making sure the minimum clearance specifications are met.
Lightly mark with a pencil the location of the pedestal on the protective pad.
Next, remove the four (4) screws holding the heater to the stand. Position heater out of the way of the
installation area.
Check that the pedestal stand is still aligned with the marks and now, mark the inside outside air opening of
the stand on the pad.
Next, mark the center line of the outside air opening. Set stand aside for now.
Next, cut a 4 1/4” diameter hole (2 1/8” radius from centerline) in the pad and continue through the floor.
CAUTION!!! The structural integrity of the mobile home floor must be maintained. (Move opening and/or
reposition heater location if necessary.)
Now, reposition the pedestal stand and set on the pad being sure to line the stand up with the reference marks.
Using an electric drill and 3/8” masonry bit, drill four (4) holes in the protective pad using the holes in the
bottom side lips of the pedestal stand as a guide. Be careful to drill only through the pad and not into the floor.
Change the bit to a 1/4” metal bit and drill through the floor.
Using four (4) 3/8” x 1-1/2” lag bolts, secure the pedestal stand and pad to the floor of the mobile home.
CAUTION!!! If a thick floor protector is used, you may have to use longer lag bolts.
Set the heater back onto the stand and re-secure using the screws.
Obtain the outside air duct from the box in the pedestal kit marked FA P21B.
From under the mobile home, slip the duct up through the 4” hole. Push up until the face of the outside air
duct contacts the underside of the floor of the mobile home. For certain floor thicknesses, you may have to
shorten the length of the outside air duct.
Secure the outside air duct to the floor using four (4) - 10x1” screws. (See Figure 3.)
OUTSIDE AIR
PEDESTAL KIT
PROTECTIVE PAD
#10 X 1
OUTSIDE AIR DUCT
MOBILE HOME FLOOR
FIGURE 3
DETERMINING THE CHIMNEY LOCATION
1.
2.
Suspend a plumb bob from the ceiling above the unit so
that the weight is hanging in the center of the flue exit. (A
small weight on a string will serve as a plumb bob.) Mark
the ceiling where the string is suspended to locate the
center of the chimney hole.
Add additional pipe until both of the following are met:
(a) Chimney pipe is 3’ higher than roof at the point where
it penetrates the roof. (See Figure 4.)
(b) Chimney pipe height is at least 2’ higher than any part
of the roof within 10’ of the chimney. (See Figure 5.)
4.
5.
ROOF
After locating the center of the hole, install the ceiling
support box, chimney, flashing, and rain cap.
CAUTION!!! - Refer to chimney manufacturers instructions
for assembly and disassembly of chimney parts. Be sure to
follow chimney instructions for proper clearances to
combustible and proper air spacing required.
3.
CEILING
Next, install a New Buck Corporation Chimney Connector
to the flue of the heater. (See Figure 4.)
Using “Type DVL” double wall chimney connector,
connect the heater to the chimney by following Dura-Vent
installation instructions exactly.
FIGURE 4
SIMPSON DURAVENT TYPE “DP”
CHIMNEY
SIMPSON DURAVENT TYPE “DVL”
DOUBLE WALL
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
SIMPSON
DURA-VENT
SQUARE SUPPORT BOX
NEW BUCK CORP.
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR
RAIN CAP
RAIN CAP
2FT.
2FT.
STORM COLLAR
STORM COLLAR
FLASHING
FLASHING
NEW BUCK
CORP.
FIRESTOP
RADIATION
SHIELD
NEW BUCK CORP.
FIRESTOP RADIATION
SHIELD
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
20 FT.
MAX.
TYPICAL
OUTSIDE AIR DUCT
THROUGH FLOOR WHEN
NOT UNDERPINNED
OUTSIDE AIR DUCT TROUGH
UNDERPINNING
FINAL CHECK
3 FT.
TYPICAL
FIGURE 5
Recheck the specified clearances.
Remove all foreign material from the firebox area.
Open the primary air draft and damper bypass.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” and rheostat to “High” position to ensure
motor operates properly.
Place crumpled pieces of newspaper in the stove. Light it and close the door. Ensure that the stove draws
properly through the primary draft.
Check for smoke leaks around the door.
Open the door and check for smoke escaping from the front of the stove. Smoking usually indicates defective
or poorly positioned chimney. Some chimneys with a marginal draft can be preheated by lighting newspaper
and holding it near the open damper with a poker or fire tong. Once the chimney heats up, a proper draft can
usually be obtained.
If a thorough review of the Troubleshooting Guide in the rear of the manual does not reveal the problem, contact
your dealer for assistance.
NOTE: The unit is painted with a specially formulated high temperature paint that cures during the first two or
three firings. You may notice a slight smoking effect and an odor of burning paint when you build the first fires.
This is normal and is not a cause for alarm. In some cases, these fumes will activate a smoke alarm. Opening a
window near the unit will allow these fumes to escape. DO NOT build a large, roaring fire until this curing is
complete or the heater finish may be damaged.
SECTION V
PRE-FAB INSERT INSTALLATION
INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS
This room heater is listed by Warnock-Hersey Laboratories for installation into the following Zero-Clearance
Cabinet Models. These are:
MAJESTIC—M-36, M-43, L-36, L-42, MD36, MD42, MD36-AO, MD42-AO
HEATILATOR—FP36, 3036, 3042, 3048, 3138, 3138 EP
PREWAY—DW36, DW42, BI36, BI42, BI36B, BI42B, BI36EM, BI42EM, BI36CEM, BR42CEM,
BI36SEM, BI42SEM
NOTE: A Preway unit has to use insert trim panels.
Other models of those brands may also be acceptable for installation of the Model 20 unit into them. However,
factory approval from New Buck Corporation and Warnock-Hersey Laboratories is required prior to installation.
Installation must conform to New Buck Corporation installation instructions or addendums.
INSTALLATION (Pre-Fab Fireplace Insert)
FIGURE 1
PRE-FAB FIREPLACE INSERT
MINIMUM CLEARANCES
INSTALLATION PREPARATION
Pre-Fab Fireplace
1.
2.
3.
Locate furniture and other materials away from the front of the fireplace to allow free access to the fireplace.
Cover the hearth and adjacent floor areas with the drop cloth to protect from soiling or marring the surface.
Remove the existing fireplace damper plate/damper rod assembly.
4.
5.
6.
Thoroughly clean the fireplace of ashes and soot.
Check the chimney and smoke chamber for excessive buildup of creosote or soot. Also, check for
obstructions, such as birds’ nest. If the chimney is excessively dirty, clean it, or have someone clean it
professionally BEFORE installing or using the room heater.
The Firebrick, Ash Lip, Smoke Baffle, and Smoke Shelf may also be removed if necessary to provide room
for the Model 20.
CAUTION: Any parts removed from the Pre-Fab Fireplace must be stored inside the unit or given to the
homeowner for re-installation should the Model 20 be removed.
Heater Preparation
1.
Inspect the unit for any obvious physical damage.
2.
Plug the power cord into a 115V AC outlet. Set switch to “Manual” and rheostat to “High” position to ensure
motor operates properly.
3.
Check the primary air draft control to ensure that it operates freely.
4.
Check the operations of the damper control to ensure that it will open and close properly.
Heater Installation
1.
There are three listed and tested methods of installation of the Model 20 heater into the specified Pre-Fab
Models.
A. 6” Increaser
1. The preferred method is to use an increaser made of 24 ga. (minimum) stainless steel to go from 6”
inside diameter to the exact diameter of the fireplace throat/chimney. (See Figure 2.)
2. Position the increaser into the throat/chimney of the Pre-Fab Cabinet at a height slightly higher than
the Model 20 will be after installation (22” + above Pre-Fab heater supports). NOTE: The increaser may
be a two part slip connector type if desired.
B. Ceramic Blanket
1. The second method is to use a 6” stainless steel connector (rigid or flex) and a ceramic blanket
(available from your dealer). (See Figure 3.)
2. Cut the connector at least 18” long and tightly wrap the upper portion of the connector with the
ceramic blanket to almost the size of the fireplace throat/chimney.
3. Insert the connector into the fireplace throat/chimney and use additional ceramic insulation and tightly
pack around the connector and the throat/chimney at a height slightly higher than the Model 20 will be
after installation (22” + above Pre-Fab heater supports). NOTE: The increaser may be a two part size
connector type if desired.
MINIMUM CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLES
INCREASER
FIGURE 2
PACK TIGHT WITH CERAMIC
WOOL (DO NOT USE GLASS
WOOL).
6” FLEX PIPE OR ADJUSTABLE
ELBOW
FIGURE 3
C. Sealing Trim Kit
1. This third method of installation is to use the masonry fireplace trim kit to seal the stove to the Pre-Fab
fireplace.
CAUTION! Although this method is a tested and approved method, some codes may not allow this type
installation so be sure to check local codes for approval prior to making this type of installation.
2. To complete this installation, follow the basic masonry fireplace trim kit installation instructions
except:
The trim kit may have to be cut down in size so as not to block any cooling vents/chambers of the PreFab Fireplace.
3. To complete methods 1 and 2:
Position the heater into the Pre-Fab Fireplace and center the flue exit under the connector.
4. Slide the connector (or slip connector) down into the flue exit of the heater approximately 3/8”. Check
that the damper operates without hitting the connector. Now, seal the connector to the heater (and
fireplace throat if method #1 is used) using refractory cement.
CAUTION! Do not loosen the ceramic blanket.
5. CAUTION! Crimped end of connector must be placed into the heater throat.
6. Check installation minimum clearances and install an approved heater extension or floor protector to
meet at least the minimum clearances.
This heater is now ready for use. Please read the heater operation Section VII of this manual before burning a fire
in the heater.
SECTION VI
WOOD HEATER SAFETY
Certain safety hazards are inherent in any wood heater installation. You should be aware of these so that a safe and
proper installation can be made.
1.
2.
FAULTY CHIMNEY: An older masonry chimney should be thoroughly checked to be sure there are no
holes or weak spots which could allow sparks or hot gases to escape.
HEAT CONDUCTION: Placing combustible materials too close to a heater or chimney can be a fire
hazard.
By keeping these particular hazards in mind as you install and use your room heater you can ensure a safe,
reliable installation.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
For your protection, read and follow these safety precautions closely.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Use a spark arresting shield (3/8” mesh) on top of the chimney. Check monthly as this is a code
requirement in some areas.
Use smoke detectors around the heater as well as in sleeping areas.
Keep a fire extinguisher rated for Class “A” fires near the heater.
Check with your insurance company to be sure your policy covers the installation and use of a wood fired
room heater.
Creosote-Formation and Need for Removal: When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other
organic vapors, which combine with expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in
the relatively cool chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the
flue lining. When ignited this creosote makes an extremely hot fire.
The connector and/or chimney should be inspected at least once a month during the heating season to determine if
a creosote buildup has occurred.
If creosote has accumulated, it should be removed to reduce the risk of a chimney fire.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Locate furniture and any other combustibles away from the heater.
Store firewood at a safe distance from the heater.
Disposal of Ashes: Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed
container of ashes should be placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground, well away from all
combustible materials, pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise
locally dispersed, they should be retained in the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled.
Ashes can ignite up to 72 hours after removal.
Always exercise caution when using your heater. Be particularly careful when there are children around
an operating heater.
NEVER use gasoline, gasoline-type lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter fluid or similar
CAUTION!!
liquids to start or “freshen up” a fire in the heater. Keep all such liquids well away from the stove when it is in use.
All fluids of this type give off volatile fumes and can and WILL EXPLODE!! Don’t take a chance with the
safety of your home and family.
SECTION VII
OPERATION
This section of the manual is to help you get the maximum efficiency and maximum smoke (particulate) reduction
from your heater. If you should experience any difficulty or have any questions concerning your heater, contact
your dealer for assistance.
Build a fire for maximum efficiency. This model burns wood and extracts heat so efficiently, a large fire is not
necessary. A large fire not only wastes energy, it usually results in the home being too warm for comfort.
The following steps will serve as a guide for operating your stove.
BUILDING A FIRE:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Open the door.
While looking inside the firebox, operate the damper bypass door in and out observing the movement. If the
door does not operate freely and seal to the door opening, then the door has jumped out of its track during
shipping and/or installation.
Open the primary air control on right side of the stove. Also, open outside air control if so equipped (mobile
home installations).
Twist two pieces of non-colored newspaper into a roll and place them on the floor of the firebox.
The Model 20 is not designed for the use of grates, andirons or other methods of supporting the fuel.
Lay several pieces of dry kindling on top of the newspaper.
Place three or four small pieces of firewood, 2-3” in diameter, on top of the kindling.
Light the newspaper in the front, close and latch the door. Don’t leave the fire unattended at this point. The
draft system of the heater should start quickly. It may be necessary to preheat the chimney to get the draft
started. To do this, open the door and add newspaper to the top rear of the wood. Light or let this paper ignite
and allow to burn while holding the door slightly cracked. Once the draft has started, close and lock the door.
After embers and a coal bed have been established, load the heater with wood.
MODEL 20 OPERATION
A. Low Burn Rate: Set primary air control to the low setting. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to the Auto
position. Wood Loading—During refueling, open (pull-out) the bypass damper to allow smoke in the
firebox to escape, open the door, and add wood. Immediately close door and bypass damper. Reopen the
door 1/4” for one (1) minute to charge wood. Close and latch door. After most of the wood is burned, if
you are not planning on reloading immediately, it may be necessary to open the bypass damper and door
to rake the wood and coals into a pile near the front center of the firebox. (Be certain wood chunks are
pulled out of the rear corners.) Close door and bypass damper. This step will assure continued combustion
and thorough burning of the wood.
B. Medium—Low Burn Rate: Set the primary air control to the medium-low setting. Set the Auto-OffManual switch to the Auto position. Wood Loading—During refueling, open the bypass damper, open
the door, and add wood. Immediately close door and bypass damper. Open primary air control wide open
for five minutes to charge wood. Reset primary air control to the med-low setting. After most of the wood
is burned, if you are not planning on reloading immediately, it may be necessary to open the bypass
damper and door to rake the wood and coals into a pile near the front center of the firebox. (Be certain
wood chunks are pulled out of the rear corners.) Close door and bypass damper. This step will assure
continued combustion and thorough burning of the wood.
C. Medium—High Burn Rate: Set the primary air control wide open. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to
the Auto position. Wood Loading—During refueling, open the bypass damper, open the door and add
wood. Immediately close door and bypass damper. Open primary air control wide open for five minutes to
charge wood. Reset primary air control to med-high setting. After most of the wood is burned, if you are
not planning on reloading immediately, it may be necessary to open the bypass damper
and door to rake the wood and coals into a pile near the front center of the firebox. (Be certain wood
chunks are pulled out of the rear corners.) Close door and bypass damper. This step will assure continued
combustion and thorough burning of the wood.
D. High-Burn Rate—Set primary air control wide open. . Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to the Auto
position. Wood Loading—During refueling, open the bypass damper, open the door, and add wood.
Immediately close door and bypass damper.
NOTE: To select primary air setting, center rod where it exits the air vent opening and align to the marked settings
on the heater.
High
Mid. High
Mid. Low
Low
Align where handle rod exits face of air vent
You will have to experiment with the rate until you find the particular setting for heating your home. Chimney
drafts, tightness of the house doors and windows, and atmospheric conditions all influence which setting you must
have so it may take you several firings to learn the setting necessary for your installation.
Although the catalytic heaters decrease ash residue, routine removal of excess ash is still necessary.
OPERATING AND SAFETY HINTS:
When preparing to refuel the heater, open the bypass damper (taking the heater out of catalytic mode) and wait for
the smoke to clear out of the firebox before opening the door.
Burn only natural wood in your catalytic heater. You should not burn trash or garbage, artificial or paper logs, gift
wrapping, treated or painted wood, nor should you start a fire with lighter fluid or chemical starter. These and other
compositions may contain lead, zinc, or other elements that can coat the catalyst and reduce its activity.
GUIDE TO THE DIFFERENT BURNING QUALITIES OF WOOD
Type of
Ease of
Coaling
Amount of
Wood
Starting
Qualities
Sparks
Apple
Poor
Excellent
Few
Ash
Fair
Good
Few
Beech
Poor
Good
Few
Birch
Good
Excellent
Moderate
Cherry
Poor
Excellent
Few
Cedar
Excellent
Poor
Many
Elm
Fair
Good
Very Few
Hemlock
Good
Low
Many
Hickory
Fair
Excellent
Moderate
Locust
Poor
Excellent
Very Few
Maple
Poor
Excellent
Few
Oak
Poor
Excellent
Few
Pine
Excellent
Poor
Moderate
The Main Audubon Society recently charted the heat produced by a wood fire. They noted that the heat
produced by a wood fire varies greatly with the kind of wood burned. Beech is considered the best wood
for a fire. A cord of well-seasoned Beech will produce as much heat as 169 gallons of fuel oil; Sugar
Maple and Red Oak produce as much heat as 166 gallons of fuel oil; followed by White Ash 154;
American Elm 130; White Birch 124; and White Pine 94.
HELPFUL HINTS
CURING THE PAINT ON YOUR HEATER: During the first several firings, burn small fires to cure the paint
and to prevent damage to the finish. It is a good idea to flip the toggle switch to “Manual” position during these
first firings so the blower will run continuously. This will allow the paint to cure at a slower rate and creates a
better overall finish.
CAUTION: Never remove ashes from your heater with the blower running.
TIPS ON FIRE BURNING
GREEN WOOD vs. SEASONED WOOD-Green wood has a high moisture content, and therefore requires a
hotter ignition temperature. Seasoned wood-cut at least one year before use-allows for a quicker, prolonged burn
and more complete combustion.
SPLIT WOOD vs. ROUND WOOD-Split wood burns easier and more rapidly, whether it’s seasoned or green. If
used after starting a fire, it should be packed tightly to achieve a longer burn.
Round wood burns longer, but requires more effort to start. Inserting a round piece over a bed of red coals with the
damper and drafts open will help it catch fire. Round wood should be used to accomplish an all-night burn.
SECTION VIII
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE / PARTS REPLACEMENT
Check Chimney
A. The chimney should be cleaned as necessary to remove creosote, soot, leaves, birds’ nests, etc. (Refer to Page
27, #5 Creosote Formation.)
B. A neglected chimney can eventually cause a draw restriction or can ignite and burn hot enough to cause
damage to the chimney.
C. For proper inspection the chimney should be cleaned.
D. A chimney cap should be installed to prevent moisture from entering chimney, to prevent sparks and burning
materials from escaping chimney, and to keep birds and foreign materials from entering.
NOTE: Some areas may require an approved spark arrestor.
CLEANING THE HEATER
A. The heater should not be cleaned with any type of detergent as most all detergents have an oil base and cannot
be painted over.
B. The heater should be lightly sanded with fine sandpaper or steel wool, then repainted or touched up with high
temperature paint.
C. If the heater is located in a moist or damp location, check thoroughly for signs of condensation during times
when the heater is not in use.
D. When the heating season is over, the heater should be cleaned out completely with a wire brush or cloth to
help eliminate ash and burned wood smell.
CARE OF GLASS DOOR: The glass door on your heater permits you to enjoy the beauty of the fire while
retaining the efficiency of your heater. Although the brand of glass used in the heater door has well established and
recognized heat resistant and strength characteristics, it can be broken through improper care. To achieve the
maximum utility and safety of your glass door, we advise that you observe the following use and safety tips:
1.
2.
3.
Inspect the glass regularly for cracks or breaks. If you detect a crack or break extinguish the fire
immediately and return the door to your dealer for glass replacement before further use.
Do not slam heater door or otherwise impact the glass. When closing door, make sure that no logs or other
objects protrude to impact against the glass.
Do not clean the glass with materials which may scratch it (such as steel wool) or otherwise damage the
glass. Scratches on the glass can develop into cracks or breaks.
The glass can be cleaned with a commercial oven cleaner, providing it does not contain abrasives. A build-up on
the glass that has been there for a considerable length of time can be burned off with a propane torch.
CATALYTIC INSPECTION
Catalytic combustors should be visually inspected at least three times during the heating season to determine if
physical degradation has occurred.
Preferred Inspection Method: The easiest method to determine the condition of the catalysts is to observe the
glow of the catalyst after ignition (med-low firing or hotter). You can observe the catalysts by leaning down and
looking up through the door glass.
a.
b.
Properly functioning catalysts will be exhibiting a uniform glow from one end to the other (indicating
ignition).
Physically degraded catalysts will have cold places (areas not igniting) where plugging, crumbling, or
other degradation has occurred. If this occurs, the monitor probe temperature will not increase at a normal
rate. For further inspection it will be necessary to go by the disassembly method as follows:
Disassembly Inspection Method: For thorough catalysts inspection, removal of the catalyst housing is necessary
(cold heater only).
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Spread a drop cloth in front of the heater.
Open door and clean out any ash.
Open the bypass door to give access to the two rear mounting bolts.
Using 9/16” wrench or 9/16” socket, loosen the four bolts and remove the catalyst housing (drop down)
and place in a suitable inspection area (it may be necessary to use penetrating oil if nuts and bolts have
seized).
Inspect top and bottom side of catalysts for plugging, crumbling, and other physical degradation.
1. If a problem exists, refer to the Troubleshooting section of the manual for possible cause of the
problem and solution (including replacement if necessary).
2. Reassemble if the catalysts are okay being sure the stainless steel heat reflector is positioned back in its
original position and bolt housing and heat reflector securely back in place.
( C ) STAINLESS STEEL HEAT
REFLECTOR
( D ) CATALYST AND STAINLESS
“CAN”
( I ) UPPER
FIREBOX (INNER
TOP)
( H ) 1/16” X 1/2”
FIBERGLASS GASKET
( B ) MOUNTING BOLTS
VISUAL INSPECT
CATALYST
( A ) CATALYST
HOUSING
( E ) INTERAM
GASKETING
( F ) STAINLESS
STEEL WIRE MESH
( G ) STAINLESS STEEL MIXING
WIRE
CATALYST REPLACEMENT (Off-Season Replacement Recommended)
The catalysts in your stove are designed for many years of use. If after several years of use, the efficiency of
the stove decreases or if a notable increase in the amount of smoke is observed, the catalysts may need to be
replaced. See the Catalyst Warranty prior to replacement.
1.
2.
3.
Spread a drop cloth in front of the stove.
Open the door and clean out any ash.
Open the bypass door to give access to the two rear mounting bolts.
4.
Using penetrating oil, generously lubricate the four (4) bolt threads holding the catalyst housing in place.
Allow to penetrate.
5. Using a 9/16” wrench or 9/16” socket, loosen the four (4) bolts and remove the catalyst housing (drop down)
and place in a suitable work area.
6. Using needle nose pliers, grasp the front edge of the stainless steel “can” which houses a catalytic element and
pull upward.
7. Using a small putty knife or scraper, remove any gasket that may have adhered to the catalyst housing.
8. Now, obtain the new catalysts and wrap the stainless steel “can” with interam gasket and tape ends together
using scotch tape or masking tape.
9. Insert the new catalysts into the catalytic housing and push down until they are seated on the top of the
stainless steel wire mesh supports.
10. Reinstall the catalyst housing into the stove and secure in place with the bolts.
11. The stove is now ready for use.
2” X 2” X 7” STANDARD 25 CELL
CORNING LONG LIFE CATALYSTS
1/16” THICK INTERAM GASKET AND
STAINLESS STEEL CAN (2 EA.)
1/16” THICK INTERAM GASKET
(LAP ENDS 1/4” AND TAPE)
APPLY 1/16”X 1/2” FIBERGLASS
GASKET COMPLETELY AROUND
SEALING LIP.
BOLT HOLES
CATALYST HOUSING
(STEEL OR CAST IRON)
FRONT
DOOR GASKET REPLACEMENT (Cold Heater)
To replace deteriorated gaskets, the following steps must be taken to ensure proper installation of gaskets.
1. Obtain the proper gaskets and silicone glue from your local dealer.
2. Using pliers, remove any worn and deteriorated gaskets.
3. Using a scraper, wire brush, and sandpaper or steel wool, clean glue and gasket residue from the door frame.
4. Measure and cut gaskets to length. Care should be taken not to stretch the gaskets. What you want is a full and
loose gasket weave after attachment to the framing.
5. Obtain the silicone glue and run a 3/16” bead inside the door frame.
6. Obtain the gasket (s) and place in the gasket channel areas. Use a technique which assures that the gasket is
applied in a loose like manner. DO NOT STRETCH GASKETS.
7. After gasket (s) are applied to the glue, use your finger and go over all the gasket gently pressing the gasket to
the channel. Use the same pressure against the gasket so that the final result is an evenly applied gasket.
8. Leave door open and allow at least one hour for the glue to dry.
ROPE GASKET
SILICONE
OPERATION OF SWITCH
With Power Cord Plugged Into 115V AC Outlet.
(A) For Auto position push in top of switch. When the room heater becomes warm enough
the Room Air Blower will come on and stay on until your room heater falls below the activating temperature for the thermostat.
(B) For Off position place the switch in the middle position.
(C) For Manual position push in on the bottom of the switch. This will allow your Room
Air Blower to operate without the thermostat being activated. With the switch placed in this
position the Room Air Blower will continue to operate until it is Manually shut Off.
WIRING SCHEMATIC
(Changes refer to page 34 in your owners manual: Due to the Auto-Off-Manual switch
replacing the Rheostat.)
NOTE: When ordering replacement parts for your Model 20/ZC20 Room
Heater, be sure to have the serial number available to insure that you receive
the correct parts.
SECTION IX
CATALYTIC TROUBLESHOOTING
CONTENTS
Definitions
Possible Problems
Plugging
Extreme Temperatures
Flow Restrictions
Creosote Build-up
Chemical Deactivation
Excessive Handling
Condensation in Chimney
Backpuffing
Non-uniform flow
Troubleshooting
Heater Related Problems
1. Sluggish Heater Performance
2. Drop in Overall Efficiency
3. High Fuel Consumption
4. Backpuffing
5. Smoke Rollout When Heater Door Is Opened
6. Low Catalytic Temperature
7. Creosote Running From Draft Inlet Openings
Chimney-Related Problems
1. Creosote Accumulation
2. Tar and Liquid Creosote Leaking from Metal Flue Joints
3. Heavy Concentration of Smoke Leaving Chimney
4. Rusted or Corroded Flue Parts
5. Odor
6. Poor-Drafting Chimney
Combustor-Related Problems
1. Plugging
2. Catalyst Peeling
3. Chemical Deactivation
4. Catalyst Masking
5. Substrate Cracking-Thermal
6. Substrate Cracking-Mechanical
7. Substrate Crumbling
8. Color Variations
DEFINITIONS
AIRTIGHT HEATER—In an airtight heater, all air enters in through the inlets. Generally, non-airtight stoves are
not as efficient and their level of heat output is less controllable than that of an airtight.
BURN CYCLE—Time span between refuelings in which the wood is reduced to a bed of hot coals.
BYPASS—Movable door inside a woodstove that is opened when the stove door is opened to give a path of least
resistance to smoke to prevent roll-out.
CREOSOTE—Condensed wood-gas vapor.
DOWNSTREAM TEMPERATURE—Outlet temperature of the combustor or temperature of the gas leaving the
combustor from the chimney side or face.
DRAFT—Amount of vacuum created by buoyant hot air in the chimney. Draft pulls in oxygen for the combustion
process and pulls out exhaust gases.
FIREBRICK—Brick capable of withstanding high temperatures. Used in furnaces, kilns and stoves. Used to
mean only “hard” or “dense” firebrick as distinguished from “soft” or “insulating” firebrick.
FIRING RATE—Rate at which fuel is burned in a heater.
FLAME IMPINGEMENT– Flames directly contacting the combustor face.
FLUE COLLAR—The part of a stove to which the chimney connector or chimney attaches.
GLOW-PLUG EFFECT—When a combustor is at temperatures above 1400o F (760o C) and periodically causes
pockets of wood gas in the firebox to ignite spontaneously.
GREEN WOOD—Non-dried, freshly cut wood from a live tree.
IGNITION TEMPERATURE—The minimum temperature of a flammable mixture of gases at which it can
spontaneously ignite.
LIGHT-OFF—Activation temperature of the combustor catalyst.
NOBLE-METAL CATALYST—A catalyst is a substance that can accelerate a chemical process without being
consumed by it. A noble-metal catalyst is one made of a precious metal or metals. (In the combustor, platinum and
palladium are used because they are stable under high heat conditions.)
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS
Problems encountered with the operation of catalytic-combustor equipped wood heaters are usually the same as
those experienced in the operation of traditional wood heaters. Our experience has shown that adoption of good
operating practices will eliminate most of these problems. In addition, it should be noted that problems with
catalytic combustors are rare-fewer than 1 percent of combustors are returned for any reason. Nonetheless,
installers and retailers should make themselves aware of the nature, cause and solution to possible problems so as
to serve their customers better.
Plugging-Plugging can occur if the combustor is operated improperly. It may occur if the wrong materials are
burned. Evidence of these types of plugging is a coating of black soot, creosote or fly ash on the combustor.
Burning materials that produce large flakes of char, such as Christmas wrapping paper or cardboard, can plug
enough cells to cause smoke spillage.
Extreme Temperature-A combustor becomes extremely hot during operation. Temperatures between 1400o F and
1600o F (760o C - 870o C) are common, but operating temperatures between 1200o F and 1400o F (650o C - 760o C)
are recommended. Most of this heat is transmitted to surrounding heater parts via thermal radiation.
Flow Restrictions-Because the combustor is mounted in the gas flow stream, it does offer resistance to draft. This
restriction or resistance presents two problems:
If the bypass is not open when the fuel-loading door is opened, smoke rollout will occur.
Chimneys that produce marginal draft may prevent operation of a combustor-equipped device. A chimney
that provides, on average, .02” of water draft in low-fire operation would probably not operate with a catalytic
combustor appliance in the low-fire mode. In such a case, the combustor resistance would offset the
remaining draft, resulting in a system that will not draft.
Creosote Build-up-Even though reduction of creosote is one of the primary advantages of a combustor-equipped
device, some creosote-forming gases will escape unburned during normal operation. In the event the combustor
ceases to function, creosote can be expected to accumulate. Consequently, flues and chimneys should be inspected
regularly (every 2-3 months of operation) and any creosote build-up removed. Failure to do this could result in a
chimney fire.
Chemical Deactivation-Deactivation can occur when the catalyst is attacked by materials such as compounds of
sulphur, phosphorus, or lead and other heavy metals. Burning large quantities of trash, pressure-treated lumber or
painted wood can deactivate the catalyst. The operator takes a chance when burning anything other than natural
wood. The catalysts are durable and are not likely to be greatly affected by an occasional mistake, but burning
large quantities of chemical-laden materials will appreciably shorten the life of the combustor. The catalyst can
also be deactivated when it is coated with excessive creosote, carbon or fly ash. This build-up greatly reduces the
amount of catalyst available to react with the smoke.
Excessive Handling-An older combustor, especially one that is “uncanned”, is susceptible to handling damage.
Stress-relief cracks may develop in service but will not affect the performance of the combustor if it is not moved
or handled. Handling a unit with these cracks, however, could result in it breaking apart. Excessive handling could
also potentially remove some of the catalyst coating.
Condensation In Chimney-The burning that takes place in a combustor converts harmful hydrocarbons and
carbon monoxide to heat, carbon dioxide and water. The additional water produced by this complete burning can
lead to associated problems in the chimney.
Backpuffing-A hot combustor (above 1400o F) can sometimes act like a glow plug (spontaneous combustion
ignitor). Usually the wood gas-to-air mixture is either too lean or too rich to form a highly flammable mixture.
There are times when this mixture is just right within the firebox during the normal burning process. If the
combustor is running at or above the ignition temperature of the mixture, spontaneous combustion will result,
causing the stove to vent puffs of smoke.
Non-Uniform Flow-Non-uniform flow causes the combustor to heat and cool unevenly and is a result of fuelloading configuration. This occurs when the flow pattern of the fire is concentrated on one side of the combustor.
This condition causes thermal stress within the ceramic, resulting in cracking.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Operation of any wood heater can create problems. While the use of a catalytic-combustor equipped stove will
substantially lessen some of these problems—such as creosote formation—other traditional wood-heater problems
may remain.
The following guidelines apply to operation of all wood heaters, with problems related to catalytic heaters
addressed where appropriate.
HEATER RELATED PROBLEMS
1.
Problem
Sluggish heater performance
1.
1.
2.
Improperly sealed trim kit
or direct connect kit
2.
3.
Manual damper in chimney
is closed
3.
4.
Closing bypass or exhaust
damper too soon
4.
5.
Wet or unseasoned wood
being burned
Too much wood added to
too few coals
5.
7.
Dislodged stove parts
7.
8.
Poor chimney draft
8.
9.
Combustor is plugged
9.
1.
Cold, windy weather
1.
2.
Burning wet, pitchy or
spongy wood
Combustor not in operating
mode
2.
Combustor not functioning
4.
6.
2. Drop in Overall Efficiency
Possible Cause
Obstruction in chimney
3.
4.
6.
3.
Solution
Check for and remove
obstruction
Check trim kit gasketing seal
to fireplace and gasket as necessary to seal unit. Gasket
under stove if needed. Check
seal of direct connect and
correct.
Open manual damper and
wire shut with stainless steel
wire or remove damper.
Follow New Buck
instructions for proper firing
procedures.
Burn dry, seasoned wood
Add small amounts of wood
to small coal beds. Once a
good bed of coals has been
established more wood can be
added.
Check all movable heater
parts. Replace if necessary.
See section in “ChimneyRelated Problems”
See section in “CombustorRelated Problems”
Weather stripping, caulking,
insulation, storm windows
Burn quality wood available
in your area
Close bypass or engage
combustor when temperatures
are high enough and
stabilized
See “Combustor-Related
Problems”
3.
4.
5.
6.
Problem
High Fuel Consumption
Backpuffing
Smoke Rollout When Heater
Door Is Opened
Low Catalytic Temperature
Possible Cause
Inexperience in catalytic
operation
1.
2.
Improper regulation of draft or
inlet air
2.
3.
3.
4.
Burning wet, unseasoned
wood or pitchy spongy wood
Cold, windy weather
5.
6.
7.
Smoke bypassing combustor
Bypass stuck out
Combustor not engaged
5.
6.
7.
8.
Combustor not functioning
8.
1.
2.
Gusts of wind
Hot combustor
(Above 1400o F)
1.
2.
3.
Opening doors in a tightly
constructed house
3.
1.
Bypass is closed, or combustor
is in operating position
1.
2.
2.
3.
Wind gusts blowing down
chimney
Opening heater door too fast
1.
Bypass is open
1.
2.
Light-off not obtained
2.
3.
Fuel charge is spent
3.
4.
Gases bypassing combustor
4.
5.
Combustor coated with fly ash
or soot
5.
1.
4.
3.
Solution
Operate stove with desired
heat output in mind. Do not be
overly concerned with
maintaining light-off
temperatures
Close inlet air control as much
as possible to maintain desired
heat output. Check gaskets,
reinstall fiberglass gasketing
around door and glass as
necessary
Burn seasoned wood that is
dry and of good quality
Weather stripping, caulking,
insulation, storm windows
Replace warped stove parts
If warped or broken, replace
Put combustor in operating
position or close bypass in
stove
See “Combustor-Related
Problems”
Install chimney cap
Avoid burning soft, pitchy
wood or large amounts of
small diameter wood
Slowly open and close outside
door
Open bypass or place
combustor in bypass position
before opening stove door
Install wind-resistant chimney
cap
Wait a few seconds after
opening bypass before opening
heater door to give smoke a
chance to exit heater
Once light-off temperatures
have been reached and unit is
stabilized, close bypass
Follow manufacturer’s
operating instructions
Refuel as necessary for
combustor operation
Check parts, particularly
bypass. Replace if warped.
See section on “CombustorRelated Problems—Catalyst
Masking”
Problem
7.
Creosote Running From Draft
Inlet Openings
6.
Possible Cause
Heater dampered down too
much
6.
7.
Combustor not functioning
7.
1.
Burning wet, pitchy woods
1.
Burn dry, seasoned wood
2.
Burning too much wood in
one load
2.
3.
Cool heater walls
3.
Burn reasonably sized loads
so the combustor has a
chance to burn the wood
gases that are produced.
Keep a good bed of coals in
the heater
1.
2.
Leading bypass baffle plate
Types and amounts of wood
burned
1.
2.
3.
Poorly insulated chimney
3.
4.
Combustor not functioning
4.
1.
No chimney cap on
chimney
Metal flue assembled
improperly
1.
Install a chimney cap
2.
Normal increase in moisture
due to catalytic burning
(Condenses on cool
chimney walls)
3.
Top flue sections should be
inserted into lower flue
sections
Replace single-walled
chimneys with doubledwalled insulated sections
(Meet local codes) Install
chimney liner in masonry
chimney (Meet local codes)
In new installations try to
utilize an interior chimney
rather than an exterior one.
Solution
Ensure that proper air
mixture and draft are
available for wood pyrolysis
to continue
See section on “CombustorRelated Problems”
CHIMNEY-RELATED
PROBLEMS
1.
2.
Creosote Accumulation
Tar and Liquid Creosote
Leaking From Metal Flue
Joints
2.
3.
Replace any damaged parts
Try not to burn pitchy wood
Don’t overstuff the firebox,
burn pieces of wood with an
approximate diameter of 6”
or larger
Replace single-walled metal
chimneys with double-walled
insulated chimney sections
(Meet local codes) Install a
chimney liner in a masonry
chimney. (Meet local codes)
In new installations utilize an
interior chimney rather than
an exterior one
See section on “CombustorRelated Problems”
3.
Problem
Heavy Concentration of
Smoke Leaving Chimney
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Rusted or Corroded Flue Parts
Odor-Both Inside and Outside
The Home
Poor-Drafting Chimney
1.
Solution
Water vapor is normal and
should be of little concern
2.
Burn dry, seasoned wood
3.
See section on “CombustorRelated Problems:
Replace warped bypass.
Close bypass.
4.
Bypass warped or in open
position
4.
1.
Added moisture from
efficient burning
1.
2.
Overheated flue parts due to
a chimney fire
2.
3.
Age. Failure due to normal
use
3.
1.
2.
Bypass is open
Smoke is leaking around
combustor
1.
2.
3
Backpuffs due to wind or hot
combustor
Combustor not functioning
3.
5.
Insert trim panels or direct
connect kit not sealed
5.
1.
Improper chimney height
1.
2.
Wrong flue size being used.
Ex. - using a 10” flue on an
8” flue collar
Cooler temperatures caused
by external chimney
2.
Massive stone or masonry
chimney
4.
4.
6.
Possible Cause
Water vapor. (On cold, still
days water vapor may be
mistaken for smoke. The
difference is that water vapor
appears white and will tend
to rise vertically and
dissipate rapidly while
smoke is usually dark or
bluish brown and will drift
down and settle in low areas
near the ground before
slowly dissipating)
Wet, pitchy wood is being
burned
Combustor not functioning
3.
4.
4.
3.
Replace worn-out parts with
corrosion-resistant parts or
materials
Same as #1 above. Have
chimney inspected every 2-3
months of operation for
creosote build-up
Replace worn-out parts with
corrosion-resistant
replacements
Close bypass
Check for warped or
damaged parts. Replace if
necessary
See “Backpuffing”
See “Combustor-Related
Problems”
Check seal and regasket as
necessary
Extend height of chimney
(Meet Codes)
Use properly sized flue.
Install topper with 8”
chimney cap to hold heat in
Insulate chimney or build
chimney higher. In new
installations, try to utilize
internal chimney
Install chimney liner (meet
codes) Extend height
LESS THAN
10 INCHES
GREATER
THAN
10 FT.
10 FT.
2 FT.
3 FT.
2 FT.
3 FT.
METAL
CHIMNEY
2 FT. MINIMUM HEIGHT ABOVE THE
ROOF WITHIN 10 FT. HORIZONTALLY
MASONRY
CHIMNEY
CHIMNEY “10 FT.” RULE (MINIMUM HEIGHTS)
Stack wood in criss-cross
pattern under a shelter to allow
air flow to dry the wood and to
keep wood from rain. Green
wood may have 50-60%
moisture content. Wood
seasoned outside uncovered
may have 40% moisture
content. Wood properly
seasoned in a covered
environment will have less than
20% moisture content.
COMBUSTOR-RELATED PROBLEMS
Problem
1.
Plugging
Possible Cause
1.
Solution
Burning materials that
produce a lot of char and fly
ash
Burning wet, pitchy wood or
burning large loads of small
diameter wood with the combustor in the operating
position without light-off
taking place
1.
3.
Combustor not functioning.
If proper burning procedures
have been followed to no
avail, the combustor is not
functioning.
3.
2.
2.
Do not burn materials such
as garbage, gift wrap or
cardboard
Burn dry, seasoned wood.
Don’t place the combustor
in the operating position
until temperatures are high
enough to initiate light-off.
It may be possible to burn
the accumulated soot or
creosote off by putting the
combustor in a partially
open-partially closed
position after a “hot” fire
has been started.
Replace combustor
2.
Catalyst Peeling
1.
Extreme temperatures (above
1800o F or 1000o C) at
combustor surface can cause
the catalyst to peel. Overfiring and flame
impingement are primary
causes
1.
If peeling is severe, remove
and replace combustor.
Avoid extreme temperatures
3.
Chemical Deactivation
1.
Burning large quantities of
trash, pressure treated
lumber or painted wood.
1.
Burn quality wood available
in your area. If you decide
the catalyst has been
deactivated, replace
combustor.
4.
Catalyst Masking—a catalyst
with a layer of fly ash or soot
which prevents catalytic
activity
1.
Not maintaining light-off
temperatures
1.
2.
Burning coal causes a sulfur
based compound to coat the
catalyst
2.
Place combustor in a
partially closed position
after a “hot” fire has been
started to burn soot off.
Revert to burning wood and
fire the combustor at
elevated temperatures for a
period of 1 hour. (Five 20
minute high-fire startups
would do it)
1.
Normal operation, as long as
combustor remains intact.
1.
5.
Substrate Cracking-Thermal
If cracking causes blockage
of exhaust gases, replace
combustor
6.
Problem
Substrate Cracking—
Mechanical
1.
Possible Cause
Mishandling or abuse
1.
7.
Substrate Crumbling
1.
Extreme thermal shock
1.
2.
High draft
2.
1.
Variation in color from
combustor to combustor or
within a combustor can
occur (new combustors)
1.
8.
Color Variations
Solution
Handle with care
Combustor being continually overfired. Reduce burn
rate.
Do not exceed .06” of water
draft. Install a manual
damper and draft gauge, or a
barometric damper with
free-standing units
These color variations are
normal and do not affect
combustor performance
Zero Clearance Cabinet
Model ZC20
For use with Fireplace Model 20 only
FEATURES
PREPARATION
OPERATION
INSTALLATION
MAINTENANCE
SAFETY
Contact your insurance company for coverage and installation inspection
SAFETY NOTICE
If this cabinet and intended fireplace are not properly installed, a house fire may result. For your safety,
follow the installation directions. Contact local building or fire officials about restrictions and installation
inspection requirements in your area.
“WARNING”
“THIS IS NOT A FIREPLACE”
Do not attempt to build a fire in this product. It has been designed and safety tested for use only with Model
20 manufactured by New Buck Corporation. Read and follow the installation and operating instructions for
this model. Do not remove or cover this label.
© NEW BUCK CORPORATION 1990
PI-ZC20660
SECTION I
RESIDENTIAL INSTALLATIONS
PARTS REQUIREMENTS
Listed NEW BUCK CORP.
Model
ZC20
Part Description/Part #
Zero clearance cabinet assembly with Model 20
fireplace installed
UL Listed and factory approved Chimney Systems
Description
Simpson Dura Vent
Security
Selkirk Metal Bestos
Metal Fab
-
6” 2100o HT Type “DP” Chimney
6” “ASHT” High Temp Chimney
6” Model SSII Type HT Chimney
6” 2100o HT Chimney
CAUTION: Read through all of these instructions carefully. Follow approved Chimney Manufacturer’s
Installation exactly. Failure to install the Cabinet Fireplace, Stove and Chimney as described in the instructions
will void the manufacturer’s warranty and may have an effect on your Homeowner’s Insurance. A major cause of
chimney related fires is failure to maintain required clearances (air spaces) to combustible materials. It is of utmost
importance that these parts be installed only in accordance with these instructions.
The Zero-Clearance cabinet and the Model 20 (hereafter referred to as the ZC20) is designed for installation in a
family dwelling, where minimum clearance is desired.
INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS
The following precautions are mandatory for a safe installation:
A. Compliance with local building codes and regulations is mandatory.
B. Be careful not to damage unit in handling and unpacking component parts and accessories.
C. A UL Listed and Approved Chimney System is to be used and vented to the outside of the building. See
chimney list above.
D. The chimney must extend a minimum of 3’ above the highest point where it penetrates the roof (3’ above a
flat roof or up to 2 1/2 pitch roof), and the chimney must extend a minimum of 2’ higher than any portion of
the building within 10’ of the chimney. The minimum height is 12’. A 2” clearance must be maintained
between the chimney and any combustible materials at all points.
E. A rain cap must be used to terminate the chimney to prevent down-draft.
F. DO NOT build a fire directly inside the ZC Cabinet. It is designed solely for housing the Model 20 Stove.
G. WARNING: This fireplace has not been tested for use with a chase above the roof.
H. Do not connect this unit to a chimney serving another appliance.
SELECTING A CHIMNEY INSTALLATION AND LOCATION
There are two basic types of chimney installations possible with the ZC20; straight up through a ceiling, and chase
installation, either outside or inside. These are normally used as follows:
CHIMNEY CAP
CHIMNEY CAP
CHIMNEY PIPE
STORM COLLAR
STORM COLLAR
FLASHING
CHIMNEY PIPE
FLASHING
METAL FIRE STOP
METAL FIRE STOP
METAL FIRE STOP
Z.C. CABINET
Z.C. CABINET
FIGURE 1
THROUGH CEILING
CHIMNEY CAP
FIGURE 2
THROUGH CATHEDRAL
CEILING
CHIMNEY PIPE
STORM COLLAR
FLASHING
ELBOWS
ADJUSTABLE CHIMNEY
METAL FIRE STOP
Z.C. CABINET
FIGURE 3
OFFSET TO CLEAR OBSTRUCTION
CAUTION: Refer to chimney
manufacturers instructions for assembly
and disassembly of chimney parts. Be sure to
follow chimney instructions for proper clearances
to combustibles and proper air spacing required.
NOTE: Chase Installation: (See Figure 3.) A chase is an enclosure built specifically to house a chimney. The
interior of a chase is open from the ZC20 to the roof, eliminating the need to cut through ceilings and the roof.
Normally, a chase is built outside and against the exterior wall of a home. A hole is cut through the wall, and the
ZC20 is located in the bottom of the chase, with the front of the unit flush with the interior wall. Chases are
commonly veneered on the outside with brick, stone or wood to give the appearance of a conventional fireplace
flue. Occasionally, they are built inside and boxed in, similar to a stairwell. When making a chase installation, it is
important to read the chimney manufacturer’s instructions prior to building, as there are specific requirements for
bracing a free-standing flue and must be planned for. There are also occasions where offsets are used within a
chase to accommodate unusual building designs, or to locate the ZC20 further into a room.
FRAMING CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION
Except as noted, the ZC20 can be installed almost anywhere you desire. There are, however, a few clearance and
framing restrictions that must be followed. See Figure 3 and 4 to make sure that these clearance restrictions are
met. It is much wiser to place your ZC20 correctly at the start of the installation than to be forced to relocate it after
much of the work is done.
You must ensure that the floor is of adequate strength to accept the load of this unit. If inadequate, the floor will
require additional support, such as bracing. NOTE: A wooden base constructed of plywood or 2”x4” boards is
required in order to get proper clearance above the extended hearth (millboard, rock, stone, etc.).
Good planning is essential for a satisfactory installation, therefore, at this point you should have decided where the
ZC20 is to be located and the route the chimney will follow to the roof—straight up, or chase. If you cannot decide
the best route, contact your Dealer for assistance with the planning.
25”
25”
C
LO ORN
CA ER
TI
ON
ADJACENT ROOM
OF EXTERIOR CHASE
25”
INTERIOR LOCATION
FIGURE 4
Above (Figure 4) are framing location examples with depth dimensions for some typical configurations. These are
finished measurements so install accordingly.
Position ZC20 for installation as follows:
1. Thoroughly clean the area where the unit will be placed. Remove any carpeting/padding from the area where
the ZC20 will be installed.
2. Lay out the location on the floor for ZC cabinet. (See Figure 4)
3. Layout for hearth extension preparation and removal of carpet and padding.
4. A sheet metal safety shield is placed 1 1/2” under the cabinet. It must extend out under the floor protector.
5. Now, you are ready to install the chimney system for the ZC20. If you are building an outside chase, follow
approved Chimney Manufacturer’s instructions. If you are penetrating a ceiling, install the chimney as
follows:
a. Drop a plumb line, locate, and mark point on ceiling directly over center of ZC20 chimney adapter
b. After locating the center of the hole, install the firestop spacer per chimney manufacturer’s instructions.
6.
Obtain the listed and approved chimney installation instructions and follow exactly.
a) Obtain the starter section of pipe and install on the ZC20 cabinet. It may be necessary to crimp the inside
of the starter pipe to ease installation into the ZC20 cabinet.
b) Obtain the two short sheet metal “ell” brackets and sheet metal screws provided with the ZC20 and secure
the starter section of pipe to the ZC20 cabinet.
Install pipe to cabinet by pushing
down over the starter section of pipe
on the ZC cabinet.
Maintain a 2” minimum
clearance
Top Standoffs
WARNING: Do not pack
required air spaces on top of cabinet
or around pipe starter section with
insulation or other materials.
CAUTION: Maintain a 3/4” air
space between the back and 1 1/2”
between the side walls and
combustible material.
Figure 5
c) Continue adding lengths of chimney until you are ready to penetrate another ceiling or the roof.
d) Now, plumb bob the center of the ceiling or roof above the chimney and install another firestop for
another ceiling penetration or follow pipe manufacturer’s instructions for attic and roof penetration.
e) Once the roof penetration is made, install the flashing.
f) Add applicable lengths of chimney, extending through the roof until the following conditions are met:
1. Chimney height is at least 12’ to 15’ maximum.
2. The chimney must extend a minimum of 3’ above the highest point where it penetrates the roof.
3. The chimney must extend a minimum of 2’ higher than any portion of the building within 10’ of the
chimney.
g) Install the chimney cap and storm collar.
7.
The ZC20 cabinet is now ready for framing as follows:
a) Frame the ZC20 using 2”x4” studs or local building code framing. Some minor framing restrictions are
required:
1. Adjacent side walls must be at least 16” from the outer edge of the ZC20 trim panel
2. The overall opening dimensions must be at least 37 15/16” wide and 34 5/8” high.
NOTE: Maintain 1 1/2” clearance at the side walls of the cabinet and combustible material.
b) 2”x4” framing above the unit must be turned flat. This allows proper clearance from framing to chimney
(2” minimum). (See Figure 6.)
ZC20/Model 20
TOPPER
Optional Fire Code
Sheet Rock And
Metal Fire Stop
STORM COLLAR
ROOF FLASHING
TRIPLE WALL PIPE
2”X 4” STUDDING
2 In.
Min.
USE FIRE CODE SHEET
ROCK
NBC METAL FIRE STOP
RADIATION SHIELD
Ceiling
NBC
Radiation
Shied
2” X 4” STUDDING
A SINGLE HEADER
MUST BE INSTALLED
ABOVE CABINET
15FT. MAX.
NOTE: Follow
building and fire
codes for each
individual state.
CHASE
ENCLOSE URE
34-5/8”
37-15/16”
THESE MEASUREMENTS
ARE CRITICAL.
17”
WARNING: Install the hearth protector
only as specified. The hearth extension must
extend a minimum of 17” in front of the fireplace opening and must be 37 15/16” wide
minimum.
FIGURE 6
CHASE ENCLOSURE AND CORNER LOCATION FRAMING
8.
Next construct the hearth extension out of non-combustible inorganic building materials as follows:
a) The hearth extension must extend 17” in front of the rough framed opening on the ZC20.
b) The hearth extension width must be at least 37 15/16”.
c) The hearth extension must be made of brick 2” thick, a listed “Hearth Extension” or “Floor Protector”, or
a hearth extension made of non-combustible inorganic material with a K* factor of:
K = 2.5 BTU ((HR) (ft2) (oF/in.))
ALTERNATE FLOOR PROTECTORS MATERIALS
With the floor protector or hearth extension material specified as one layer of 2” thick brick with a K* factor of
5.0, you may use alternate materials as long as the K* factor (s) is calculated as follows:
Formula: Required thickness = (K of alternate material/K of millboard) X (thickness of millboard)
Example: An alternate inorganic non-combustible millboard with a K of .9375 would require a thickness
as follows:
Required thickness = .9375.0o x 2 inch
= 3/8 inch
K Factors of Alternate Materials:
Material
Ceroform 126
Limestone
Concrete
Sandstone
Marble
K
.21
8.0
8.0
13.0
18.0
Required Thickness
1/8”
3.2”
3.2”
5.2”
7.2”
Hearth extension or floor protector thickness above four (4) inches is generally not acceptable due to cost, floor
load capacity, and look. The alternate we recommend is using Ceroform No. 126 millboard 1/8” thick minimum
and putting any type decorative brick or stone (any thickness) on top of it.
*The K* factor represents the thermal conductivity of a material and is the time rate of heat flow through a
homogeneous material under steady-state conditions, through unit area, per unit temperature gradient in the
direction perpendicular to a surface.
9.
The next step is the electrical installation. NOTE: An electrician must wire the ZC20 into the home wiring
system using No. 15 AWG (with ground wiring) as minimum in accordance with local wiring codes.
CAUTION: Stove is plugged into cabinet receptacle.
A. Remove brass trim.
B. Remove top panel and right side panel.
C. Now an electrician must do the wiring.
.
TOP FRONT TRIM PANEL
BRASS TRIM
RIGHT SIDE TRIM
PANEL
BLACK
WHITE
HEATER POWER CORD
GROUND
REAR COVER PLATE
RECEPTACLE BOX
FIGURE 7
POWER HOOK-UP
10. Now, finish the wall around the ZC20 using brick, rock, sheetrock, paneling, or any type finishing material.
CAUTION: Do not block any openings designed into the unit.
11. Install a mantel above the unit if desired. Note that a combustible mantel must be positioned at least 12” above
the top of the ZC20 cabinet.
SECTION II
MOBILE HOME INSTALLATIONS
PARTS REQUIREMENTS
Listed NEW BUCK CORP.
Model
ZC20
Part Description/Part #
Zero clearance cabinet assembly with Model 20
fireplace installed
New Buck Firestop Radiation Shield # PA 6FRS20
UL Listed and Factory Approved Chimney Systems
Description
Simpson Dura Vent
Security
Selkirk Metal Bestos
Metal Fab
-
6” 2100o HT Type “DP” Chimney
6” “ASHT” High Temp Chimney
6” Model SSII Type HT Chimney
6” 2100o HT Chimney
CAUTION: Read through all of these instructions carefully. Follow approved Chimney Manufacturer’s
Installation exactly. Failure to install the Cabinet Fireplace, Stove and Chimney as described in the instructions
will void the manufacturer’s warranty and may have an effect on your Homeowner’s Insurance. A major cause of
chimney related fires is failure to maintain required clearances (air spaces) to combustible materials. It is of utmost
importance that these parts be installed only in accordance with these instructions.
The Zero-Clearance cabinet and the Model 20 (hereafter referred to as the ZC20) is designed for installation in a
family dwelling, where minimum clearance is desired.
INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS
The following precautions are mandatory for a safe installation:
A. Compliance with local building codes and regulations is mandatory.
B. Be careful not to damage unit in handling and unpacking component parts and accessories.
C. A UL Listed and Approved Chimney System is to be used and vented to the outside of the building. (See
chimney list above.)
D. The chimney must extend a minimum of 3’ above the highest point where it penetrates the roof (3’ above a
flat roof or up to 2 1/2 pitch roof), and the chimney must extend a minimum of 2’ higher than any portion of
the building within 10’ of the chimney. The minimum height is 12’. A 2” clearance must be maintained
between the chimney and any combustible materials at all points.
E. A rain cap must be used to terminate the chimney to prevent down-draft.
F.
G.
H.
I.
DO NOT build a fire directly inside the ZC20. It is designed solely for housing the Model 20.
WARNING: Do not install in sleeping room.
CAUTION: The structural integrity of the mobile home floor, wall, and ceiling/roof must be maintained.
Do not connect this unit to a chimney serving another appliance.
FRAMING CONSTRUCTION AND INSTALLATION
Except as noted, the ZC20 can be installed almost anywhere you desire. There are, however, a few clearance and
framing restrictions that must be followed. See Figure 5 and 6 to make sure that these clearance restrictions are
met. It is much wiser to place your ZC20 correctly at the start of the installation than to be forced to relocate it after
much of the work is done.
You must ensure that the floor is of adequate strength to accept the load of this unit. If inadequate, the floor will
require additional support, such as bracing. NOTE: A wooden base constructed of plywood or 2”x4” boards is
required in order to get proper clearance above the extended hearth (millboard, rock, stone, etc.)
Where cabinet is to be placed, a 4 1/4” diameter hole with a 2 1/8” radius from center line must be cut through
floor. Outside air duct kit #PP 70075-01 is be installed. (See Figure 9.)
25”
CORNER
LOCATION
INTERIOR LOCATION
FIGURE 8
1.
2.
3.
4.
Thoroughly clean the area where the unit will be placed. Remove any carpeting/padding from the area where
the ZC20 will be installed.
Layout the location on the floor for ZC cabinet. NOTE: Maintain 3/4” clearance between the rear of the
cabinet and combustible material.
Layout for hearth extension preparation and removal of carpet and padding . Where cabinet is to be placed, a
4 1/4” diameter hole with a 2 1/8” radius from center line must be cut through floor. Outside air duct kit # PP
70075-01 is to be installed. (See Figure 9.)
Next, a sheet metal safety shield is placed 1 1/2” under the front of the cabinet. It must extend out under the
floor protector. Drop a plumb line, locate and mark point on ceiling directly over center of ZC20 chimney
adapter. After locating the center of hole, install firestop spacer per chimney manufacturer’s instructions.
5.
6.
Obtain the Listed and Approved Chimney Installation instructions and follow exactly.
a) Obtain the starter section of pipe and install on the ZC20 cabinet. It my be necessary to crimp the inside of
the starter pipe to ease installation into the ZC20 cabinet.
b) Obtain the two short sheet metal “ell” brackets and sheet metal screws provided with the ZC20 and secure
the starter section of pipe to the ZC20 cabinet.
c) Add applicable lengths of chimney extending through the roof until the following conditions are met:
1. The chimney must extend a minimum of 3’ above the highest point where it penetrates the roof.
2. The chimney must extend a minimum of 2’ higher than any portion of the building within 10’ of the
chimney but not to exceed 15’ above the hearth.
d) Install the flashing, storm collar, and chimney cap as indicated in the manufacturer’s installation
instructions.
The ZC20 Cabinet is now ready for framing as follows:
a) Frame the ZC20 using 2”x4” studs or local building code framing. Some minor framing restrictions are
required:
1. Adjacent side walls must be at least 17” from the outer edge of the ZC20 trim panel.
2. The overall opening dimensions must be at least 37 15/16” wide and 34 5/8” high.
b) 2”x4” framing above the unit must be turned flat. This allows proper clearance from framing to chimney
(2” minimum). (See Figure 10.)
RAIN CAP
2 ft.
RAIN CAP
STORM
COLLAR
2 ft.
STORM COLLAR
FLASHING
FLASHING
NEW BUCK
FIRE STOP
RADIATION
SHIELD
NEW BUCK
FIRE STOP
RADIATION
SHIELD
OUTSIDE AIR
DUCT THROUGH
UNDERPINNING
OUTSIDE AIR DUCT
THROUGH FLOOR
WHEN MOBILE
HOME IS NOT UNDERPINNED
FIGURE 9
3 ft. Typical
20 ft. Max.
(Typical)
Optional
Fire Code Sheet Rock
And Metal Fire Stop
TOPPER
STORM COLLAR
ROOF FLASHING
2 In.
Min.
CAUTION: Refer to chimney manufactures instructions for assembly and disassembly of chimney parts. Be
sure to follow chimney
instructions for proper clearances to combustibles and
proper air spacing required.
TRIPLE WALL PIPE
2 “X 4” STUDDING
USE FIRE CODE SHEET ROCK
15FT.
MAX.
NBC METAL FIRE STOP RADIATION SHIELD
NBC
RADIATION
SHIELD
2”X 4” STUDDING
A SINGLE HEADER MUST BE
INSTALLED ABOVE CABINET
Ceiling
NOTE: Follow
building and fire
codes for each individual state.
Chase
Enclosure
34 5/8”
THESE MEASUREMENTS
ARE CRITICAL
37 15/16”
17”
WARNING: Install the hearth protector only as specified. The hearth extension must extend a minimum of 17” in
front of the fireplace opening and must
be 37 15/16” wide minimum.
FIGURE 10
7.
CHASE ENCLOSURE AND CORNER LOCATION FRAMING
Next construct the hearth extension out of non-combustible inorganic building materials as follows:
a) The hearth extension must extend 17” in front of the rough framed opening on the ZC20.
b) The hearth extension width must be at least 37 15/16”.
c) The hearth extension must be made of brick 2” thick, a listed “Hearth Extension” or “Floor Protector”, or
a hearth extension made of non-combustible inorganic material with a K* factor of:
K = 2.5 BTU ((HR) (ft2) (oF/in.))
ALTERNATE FLOOR PROTECTORS MATERIALS
With the floor protector or hearth extension material specified as one layer of 2” thick brick with a K* factor of
5.0, you may use alternate materials as long as the K* factor (s) is calculated as follows:
Formula: Required thickness = (K of alternate material/K of millboard) X (thickness of millboard)
Example: An alternate inorganic non-combustible millboard with a K of .9375 would require a thickness
as follows:
Required thickness = .9375.0o x 2 inch
= 3/8 inch
K Factors of Alternate Materials:
Material
Ceroform 126
Limestone
Concrete
Sandstone
Marble
K
.21
8.0
8.0
13.0
18.0
Required Thickness
1/8”
3.2”
3.2”
5.2”
7.2”
Hearth extension or floor protector thickness above four (4) inches is generally not acceptable due to cost, floor
load capacity, and look. The alternate we recommend is using Ceroform No. 126 millboard 1/8” thick minimum
and putting any type decorative brick or stone (any thickness) on top of it.
*The K* factor represents the thermal conductivity of a material and is the time rate of heat flow through a
homogeneous material under steady-state conditions, through unit area, per unit temperature gradient in the
direction perpendicular to a surface.
9.
The next step is the electrical installation. NOTE: An electrician must wire the ZC20 into the home wiring
system using No. 15 AWG (with ground wiring) as minimum in accordance with local wiring codes.
CAUTION: Stove is plugged into cabinet receptacle.
A. Remove brass trim.
B. Remove top panel and right side panel.
C. Now an electrician must do the wiring.
TOP FRONT TRIM PANEL
BRASS TRIM
RIGHT
SIDE TRIM
PANEL
BLACK
WHITE
GROUND
HEATER POWER CORD
REAR COVER PLATE
RECEPTACLE BOX
FIGURE 11
9.
POWER HOOK-UP
Now, finish the wall around the ZC20 using brick, rock, sheetrock, paneling, or any type finishing material.
CAUTION: Do not block any openings designed into the unit.
10. Install a mantel above the unit if desired. Note that a combustible mantel must be positioned at least 12” above
the top of the ZC20 cabinet.
11. The ZC20 and Model 20 fireplace are now ready for use. Refer to the Model 20 owners manual for operation,
safety, and chimney maintenance. Refer to the back of this manual for ZC20 warranty registration information.
CLEANING THE UNIT
A. The unit should be lightly sanded with fine sandpaper or steel wool, then repainted or touched up with high
temperature black paint.
B. If the unit is located in a moist or damp location, check thoroughly for signs of condensation during times
when the unit is not in use.
C. When the heating season is over, the unit can be cleaned out completely with a wire brush or cloth to help
eliminate ash and burned wood smell.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
1.
Use smoke detectors around the stove as well as in sleeping areas.
2.
Keep a fire extinguisher rated for Class “A” fires near the stove.
3.
Check with your insurance company to be sure your policy covers the installation and use of a wood burning
appliance.
4.
Creosote-Formation and Need for Removal: When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic
vapors, which combine with expelled moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in the
relatively cool chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue
lining. When ignited this creosote makes an extremely hot fire.
The connector and/or chimney should be inspected at least once every two months during the heating season
to determine if a creosote buildup has occurred.
If creosote has accumulated, it should be removed to reduce the risk of a chimney fire.
5.
Locate furniture and any other combustibles away from the stove.
6.
Store firewood at a safe distance from the stove.
7.
Disposal of Ashes: Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed container of
ashes should be placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground well away from all combustible materials,
pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally dispersed, they should
be retained in the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled.
8.
Always exercise caution when using your fireplace. Be particularly careful when there are children around an
operating fireplace.
CAUTION: NEVER use gasoline, gasoline-type lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter fluid or similar liquids to
start or “freshen-up” a fire in the fireplace. Keep all such liquids well away from the stove when it is in use. All
fluids of this type give off highly volatile fumes and can and WILL EXPLODE! Don’t take a chance with the
safety of your home and family.
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE/
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
CHIMNEY
A. The chimney should be cleaned as necessary to remove creosote, soot, leaves, birds’ nests, etc.
CREOSOTE-FORMATION AND NEED FOR REMOVAL
When wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic vapors, which combine with expelled moisture to
form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in the relatively cool chimney flue of a slow-burning fire. As a
result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue lining. When ignited this creosote makes an extremely hot fire.
The chimney connector and chimney should be inspected at least once every two months. More frequent inspection
and cleaning may be necessary. Under certain conditions of use creosote build-up may occur rapidly.
Creosote is caused by low temperatures in the chimney, which is controlled by the operator of the stove.
B. A neglected chimney can eventually cause a draw restriction or can ignite and burn hot enough to cause
damage to the chimney.
C. For proper inspection the chimney should be cleaned.
CHIMNEY CLEANING:
1.
Access-Chimneys must be installed so that access is provided for inspection and cleaning.
2.
When to Clean-The chimney should be inspected at least once every two months during the heating season to
determine if creosote or soot has built up. Check spark arrestor screens every 2-4 weeks. If creosote or soot
has accumulated, it should be removed to reduce the risk of chimney fire.
3.
How to Clean-Have your chimney cleaned by a professional chimney sweep if you have doubts about your
ability to clean it, using a plastic, wood, or steel brush. Do not use a brush that will scratch the stainless steel
liner of your chimney. Scrub the spark arrestor with a wire brush.
To remove the chimney cap for cleaning, unscrew the four screws that attach the cap’s support legs to the cap
base. The top cleanout cap can be removed once the screws are unscrewed. Remember to replace the screws
when you are through cleaning the chimney.
4.
No Chemical Cleaners-Do not use chemical chimney cleaners. Their use does not eliminate the need for
mechanical cleaning and they may be highly corrosive.
5.
In Case of Fire-If a flue fire occurs, close all appliance draft openings and call your Fire Department. Do not
use the chimney again until it is inspected for possible damage.
6.
Chimney Protection-Painting. To increase chimney life, coat all exterior metal parts with high temperature
rust-proof paint. This is highly recommended, particularly in areas near the ocean. Wash the metal with a
vinegar and water solution before painting.
NEW BUCK CORPORATION (NBC)
“LIMITED WARRANTY” FOR NBC RELATED PRODUCTS
PLEASE READ THIS WARRANTY CAREFULLY
PRODUCTS COVERED
This warranty covers the new heating unit so long as it
is owned by the original purchaser, including optional
and standard accessories purchased at the same time,
subject to terms, limitations, and conditions herein set
out.
PRODUCTS NOT COVERED
This warranty does not cover the following:
Glass;
Refractory material such as refractory cement or
firebrick
Gaskets;
This Warranty will also not cover any damage and/or
failure caused by abuse or improper installation of the
Products Covered.
WARRANTY TIME PERIODS
(A) Period I
For one (1) year from the date of purchase, NBC
will replace or repair, at its option, any part defective in
materials or workmanship. The costs of parts only are
included. The customer pays any labor or transportation
charges required.
Thereafter
(B) Period II
For the period after the first year from the date of
purchase and extending for five (5) years as long as the
related product is owned by the original purchaser,
NBC will repair or replace, at its option, any part
defective in materials or workmanship, with the
exception of: electrical motors, wiring, switches, and
components; optional and standard accessories; and all
parts not permanently attached to the heating unit.
Parts not permanently attached to the heating unit are
defined as those items designed to be removed from the
unit, including those removable with common hand
tools. The cost of parts only are included. The customer
pays any labor or transportation charges required.
PROCEDURE
Should you feel that your heater is defective, you
should contact any NBC dealer for the name of your
nearest authorized heater service representative, who
will instruct you on the proper procedure, depending on
which Warranty Time Period (Period I or Period II)
applies.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the suggested procedures, you may contact us in writing at:
NEW BUCK CORPORATION
Customer Service Department
P. O. Box 69
Spruce Pine, NC 28777
CONDITIONS AND EXCLUSIONS
(A) Replacement of parts may be in the form of new
or fully reconditioned parts, at NBC’s option.
(B) There are no other warranties express or implied
including warranties of Merchantability, Fitness
for Purpose or Otherwise except those warranties
expressly stated herein.
(C) New Buck Corporation is not liable for indirect,
incidental, or consequential damages in
connection with the use of the product including
any cost or expense of providing substitute
equipment or service during periods of malfunction or non-use. Some states do not allow the
exclusion of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above exclusion may not apply
to you.
(D) All warranty repairs under this warranty must be
performed by an authorized Buck Stove service
representative. Repairs or attempted repairs by
anyone other than an authorized service
representative are not covered under this
warranty. In addition, these unauthorized repairs
may result in additional malfunctions, the
correction of which is not covered by warranty.
OTHER RIGHTS
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and
you may also have other rights, which vary from state
to state.
OWNER REGISTRATION CARD
The attached Owner Registration Card must be
completed in its entirety and mailed within 30 days
from the date of purchase or from the date of
installation, if installed by a factory certified installer,
to New Buck Corporation, in order for warranty
coverage to begin.
PLEASE NOTE: The Owner Registration Card must
contain the Authorized Dealer Code Number and the
Certified Installer’s number (if applicable) for
warranty coverage to begin.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement