Nikon | F80D | User's Manual | Nikon F80D User's Manual

F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 1
(En)
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
En
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 2
Nomenclatur e
Depth-of-field preview button (P. 67)
Focus mode selector (P. 38, 47)
Lens release button
(P. 19)
Dioptre adjustment lever (P. 66)
Sub-Command Dial
(P. 6)
Viewfinder eyepiece
AE-L/AF-L (Auto Exposure[P.58]/
Autofocus Lock [P. 44]) button
Metering system selector (P. 48)
Rubber eyecup (P. 66)
Power switch (P. 16)
Shutter release
button (P. 17)
Flash lock-release
button (P. 30)
Film advance
mode selector lock
release (P. 37)
Camera strap
eyelet
Main-Command Dial (P. 6)
Auto Exposure
Bracketing button (P. 61)
Release terminal
(P. 65)
Camera back lock
release lever (P. 20)
Flash Exposure
compensation
button (P. 85)
Camera strap
eyelet
Exposure mode (P. 50)/
Custom Setting (P. 70)/
ISO film speed select
dial (P. 36)
Focus area selector (P. 42)
Flash sync mode (P. 80)/
Film rewind button (P. 36)
LCD illuminator( P.66)/
Film rewind button
(P. 36)
Exposure compensation
button (P. 60)
LCD panel (P. 4)
Film advance mode
selector (P. 37)
Self-timer (P. 68)/
AF assist illuminator (P.43)/
Red-Eye Reduction lamp
(P. 81)
Accessory shoe (P. 79)
Film plane indicator (P. 67)
Film confirmation
window
Data imprint LCD panel/
buttons (F80D/F80S only)
(P. 90)
Focus area selector lock
lever (P. 42)
AF Area mode selector (P. 39)
Tripod socket
* Illustration shown is the F80D. The camera backs of the F80 and F80S differ from
the F80D. For the F80S’s camera back, see page 90.
Supplied accessories
Body cap (P. 19)
2
Battery chamber
cover lock lever
(P. 16)
Eyepiece cap DK-5 (P. 68)
3
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 4
LCD Panel/V iewfinder Display
• LCD panel
• Viewfinder Display
Shutter speed/
Exposure compensation value
Bracketing bar graphs (P. 61)
Aperture
Flash exposure
compensation (P. 85)
12mm-dia. reference circle for Centre-Weighted
Metering area (P. 49)
On-Demand Grid Lines (P. 71)
Focus brackets (focus area) (P. 42)/
Spot Metering area (P. 49)
Custom Setting
(P. 70)
Exposure
compensation (P. 60)
Battery power
(P. 16)
Flexible Program (P. 51)
Frame counter
(P. 21)
DX indication (P. 36)
Focus area (P. 42)
Flash sync mode (P. 80)
Auto Exposure Bracketing (P. 61)
* The illustrations are fully labelled for your reference.
About Nikon Advanced Focusing Screen Display
The new Nikon Advanced Focusing Screen Display of the F80/F80D/F80S employs the
convenient Vari-Brite Focus Area display system; it enables clear display of the focus
brackets at the selected focus area in the viewfinder for easy identification. When the finder
image is bright, the focus brackets are displayed in black and when the finder image is
dark, the focus brackets are momentarily illuminated in red. The selected focus area can be
identified easily in both bright and dark conditions with this function (page 72).
Also, the new Nikon Advanced Focusing Screen Display allows the superimposition of OnDemand Grid Lines. The grid lines can be displayed by using Custom Setting Menu #4
(page 71). These grids assist you in composing the frame, in taking landscape pictures or in
shifting/tilting PC-Nikkor lenses.
* Due to characteristics of the LCD used in the Vari-Brite Focus Area display system, a thin line
outside the selected focus area may also be displayed or the entire viewfinder may be
illuminated in red under certain conditions. These are not malfunctions.
About LCD
The LCD panel and viewfinder displays tend to turn darker at high temperatures and slower
response time at low temperatures. On the other hand, the LCD in the Nikon Advanced
Focusing Screen Display tends to turn lighter at high temperatures and darker with slower
response time at low temperatures. In either case, when the temperature returns to normal,
the displays also return to normal.
4
Focus indicator (P. 27)
Focus area (P. 42)
Metering system (P. 48)
Flash ready-light (P. 79)
Frame counter (P. 21)/Exposure
compensation value (P. 60)/Flash
exposure compensation value (P. 85)
Exposure compensation (P. 60)
Multiple exposure (P. 63)/
AE-L (Auto exposure lock)
indicator (P. 58)
Shutter speed
Aperture
Flash exposure compensation
(P. 85)
Exposure mode (P. 50-57)/Electronic
analog exposure display (P. 57)/
Exposure compensation value
display (P. 60)
CAUTION: About viewfinder
The viewfinder will be dark without battery power but brightens after installation
of fresh batteries. This is not a malfunction.
5
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 6
Command Dials
• The F80/F80D/F80S’s Main- and Sub-Command Dials are used alone
or in combination with other buttons to select/set various functions or
modes.
See “Basic Operation” on pages 15 to 31 if you want to start shooting
immediately with F80/F80D/F80S’s basic mode.
Sub-Command
Dial
Exposure mode/
Custom Setting/
ISO film speed
select dial
Flash exposure
compensation
button
Exposure
compensation
button
Auto Exposure
Bracketing button
Flash sync mode
button
Main-Command
Dial
• Setting/cancelling Auto Exposure
Bracketing
P. 61
• Setting number of shots and
compensating EV value in Auto Exposure
Bracketing
P. 61
• Custom Setting
• Selecting menu number of Custom
Setting
P. 70
• Selecting and making Custom Setting
P. 70
• Film
• Setting film speed
P. 36
• Flash
• Selecting flash sync mode
P. 80
• Exposure
• Performing Flexible Program in Auto-Multi
Progam
P. 51
• Setting shutter speed in Shutter-Priority
Auto exposure mode*
P. 52
• Setting shutter speed in Manual exposure
mode*
P. 56
• Setting flash exposure compensation
value
P.85
* c 12: Shutter speed can be set to change with the Sub-Command Dial (in
Shutter-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode) and aperture with the
Main-Command Dial (in Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual exposure
mode) (page 74).
• Setting aperture in Aperture-Priority Auto
exposure mode*
P. 54
• Setting aperture in Manual exposure mode*
P. 56
• Performing exposure compensation
6
P. 60
7
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 8
Intr oduction
• Thank you for purchasing the Nikon F80/F80D/F80S—a camera that is
sure to make photography a bigger part of your life.
Get to know your F80/F80D/F80S camera, and be sure to read this
manual thoroughly before using it. We recommend that you keep this
manual handy.
Main features of the F80/F80D/F80S:
• SLR camera with built-in Speedlight makes taking pictures easy
and enjoyable, even for the most inexperienced beginner.
• The Dynamic AF, which utilises five-area autofocusing, enables
sharp focus on irregularly moving subjects (page 39).
• The Vari-Brite Focus Area display system clearly displays focus
brackets at selected focus area in the viewfinder (page 4).
• Nikon’s exclusive 10-segment 3D Matrix Metering provides correct
exposure in various shooting situations (page 48).
• Take trial shots
Take trial shots before shooting at important occasions like weddings
or graduations.
• Have Nikon spot-check your camera regularly
Nikon recommends that you have your camera serviced by an
authorised dealer or service centre at least once every two years.
• Using your camera correctly
The Nikon F80/F80D/F80S’s performance has been optimised for use
with Nikon brand accessories. Accessories made by other
manufacturers may not meet Nikon’s criteria for specifications, and
nonconforming accessories could damage the F80/F80D/F80S’s
components. Nikon cannot guarantee the F80/F80D/F80S’s
performance when it is used with other than Nikon brand accessories.
• Custom Setting enables you to choose customised combinations
of various functions/modes (page 70).
Note: c 00
c 00 (numbers from 1 to 18 [F80/F80D] or 1 to 19 [F80S]): indicates that
the function/mode changes according to Custom Setting menu number.
8
9
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 10
Contents
The “Basic Operation” section introduces battery, lens, film, focusing,
metering, exposure and shooting in basic steps easy enough even for SLR
camera beginners to take pictures.
“Detailed Operation” explains each function, from lens to exposure functions,
in detail, in approximately the same order as the steps in the “Basic Operation”
section. After becoming familiar with basic shooting, refer to the detailed
explanation of each operation/function and start using advanced shooting
techniques.
“Flash Photography” introduces flash photography using the F80/F80D/F80S’s
built-in Speedlight or an optional Speedlight in darkness and flash-shooting
situations in bright conditions.
PREPARATION ................................................................................2-13
Nomenclature ...................................................................................................2-3
LCD Panel/Viewfinder Display..........................................................................4-5
Command Dials................................................................................................6-7
Introduction ......................................................................................................8-9
About This Manual .......................................................................................12-13
BASIC OPERATION ......................................................................15-31
1. Install Batteries and Check Battery Power ..............................................16-17
2. Mount Lens...............................................................................................18-19
3. Load Film..................................................................................................20-21
4. Set Focus Mode, AF Area Mode and Focus Area ...................................22-23
5. Set Metering System and Exposure Mode ..............................................24-25
6. Hold Camera and Focus ..........................................................................26-27
7. Confirm Indications in Viewfinder and Release Shutter...........................28-29
8. Using Built-In Speedlight..........................................................................30-31
Exposure Metering System (Matrix, Centre-Weighted, Spot) ......................48-49
Shooting in Each Exposure Mode................................................................50-57
Auto-Multi Progam (Flexible Program, Program Chart) ...........................50-51
Shutter-Priority Auto Exposure Mode .....................................................52-53
Aperture-Priority Auto Exposure Mode ...................................................54-55
Manual Exposure Mode ..........................................................................56-57
Auto Exposure Lock .....................................................................................58-59
Exposure Compensation ...................................................................................60
Auto Exposure Bracketing ...........................................................................61-62
Multiple Exposure.........................................................................................63-64
Long Time Exposure..........................................................................................65
Dioptre Adjustment/LCD Illuminator..................................................................66
Depth-of-Field Preview/Film Plane Indicator.....................................................67
Self-Timer Operation .........................................................................................68
CUSTOM SETTING.......................................................................69-76
Menu/Features of Custom Setting ...............................................................70-75
Two-Button Reset ..............................................................................................76
FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY ............................................................. 77-87
Flash Photography Using Built-In Speedlight ...................................................78
Ready-Light/Accessory Shoe ............................................................................79
Flash Sync Mode Features ..........................................................................80-81
Using the Built-In Speedlight .......................................................................82-83
Usable Lenses with Built-In Speedlight.............................................................84
Flash Exposure Compensation..........................................................................85
Usable Optional Speedlights........................................................................86-87
About Depth of Field and Focus Tracking.........................................................88
About Metering System and Exposure..............................................................32
DATA BACK...................................................................................89-94
DETAILED OPERATION ...............................................................33-68
Adjusting Date and Time and Imprinting Data.............................................90-93
Imprinting Shooting Data (F80S only)................................................................94
Lens Compatibility........................................................................................34-35
Film (film speed, mid-roll rewind, film advance mode, etc.) ........................36-37
Autofocus (Single Servo AF, Continuous Servo AF) ..........................................38
AF Area Mode ..............................................................................................39-41
Focus Area.........................................................................................................42
AF-Assist Illuminator..........................................................................................43
Focus Lock (Single Servo AF, Continuous Servo AF) ..................................44-45
Situations Where Autofocus May Not Work As Expected ................................46
Manual Focus ....................................................................................................47
10
MISCELLANEOUS ......................................................................95-113
Optional Accessories ...................................................................................96-97
Camera Care ................................................................................................98-99
Notes on Batteries ...........................................................................................100
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................101-103
Specifications ...........................................................................................104-109
Index.........................................................................................................110-111
Custom Setting Menu ..............................................................................112-113
11
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 12
About This Manual
Detailed Operation and Notes on Batteries
P. 33-94, 100
1
Install Batteries and Check Battery
Power
P. 16-17
Notes on Batteries..........................................................................................P. 100
2
Mount Lens
Lens Compatibility ......................................................................................P. 34-35
P. 18-19
Batteries
P. 15-31
Lens
BASIC OPERATION
3
Load Film
P. 20-21
ISO
(film speed)
Film
DX-coded film
Film...............................................................................................................P. 36-37
Autofocus (P. 38), AF Area Mode (P. 39-41), Focus Area (P. 42),
AF-Assist Illuminator (P.43), Focus Lock (P. 44-45),
Situations Where Autofocus May Not Work As Expected (P. 46),
Manual Focus (P. 47)
5
Set Metering System and Exposure
Mode
P. 24-25
Exposure Metering System (P. 48-49), Shooting in Each Exposure Mode (P. 50-57),
Auto Exposure Lock (P. 58-59), Exposure Compensation (P. 60),
Auto Exposure Bracketing (P. 61-62), Multiple Exposure (P. 63-64),
Long Time Exposure (P. 65)
Exposure
6
Hold Camera and Focus
P. 26-27
Dioptre Adjustment/LCD Illuminator................................................................P. 66
Depth-of-Field Preview/Film Plane Indicator ..................................................P. 67
7
Confirm Indications in Viewfinder
and Release Shutter
P. 28-29
Self-Timer Operation ........................................................................................P. 68
Custom Setting............................................................................................P. 69-75
Two-Button Reset .............................................................................................P. 76
Data Back ....................................................................................................P. 89-94
Using Built-In Speedlight
Flash Photography (Flash Photography Using Built-In Speedlight/Ready-Light/
Accessory Shoe/Flash Sync Mode Features/Using the Built-In Speedlight/
Usable Lenses with Built-In Speedlight/Flash Exposure Compensation/
Usable Optional Speedlights) .....................................................................P. 77-87
12
P. 30-31
Shooting
Speedlight
8
Focus
4
Set Focus Mode, AF Area Mode
and Focus Area
P. 22-23
Composition
DX mark
13
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 14
BASIC OPERATION
This section features the settings for most
common picture-taking situations when
using Auto-Multi Progam exposure mode.
The shooting modes explained in this
section cover most of your shooting
situations.
Shooting modes/functions explained in this section
are as follows:
14
Lens attached
D-type AF Nikkor
Film speed setting
s
Film advance mode
Single frame (ı)
AF mode
Single Servo AF (AF-S)
Focus mode
Single Area AF (g)
Focus area
Centre
Exposure metering
system
3D Matrix Metering (ø)
Exposure mode
Auto-Multi Progam (¡)
Flash sync mode
Front-Curtain Sync (fi)
15
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 16
Install Ba tteries and Check Ba tter y Po wer
1
Use two CR123A or DL123Atype 3V lithium batteries. (For
other power sources, see page
96.)
1.1
Turn the power switch off and open the battery
chamber cover by sliding the battery chamber cover
lock lever toward indicated direction.
1.2
Insert batteries with the “´” and “‰” ends
positioned as marked inside the battery chamber
cover, then firmly close the battery chamber cover.
• Incorrect positioning of ´ and ‰ poles may damage the camera.
1.3
Turn the power switch on and confirm battery power
with the N indication.
Check points
Keep the batteries out of children’s reach. If swallowed, contact a
doctor immediately. (For “Notes on Batteries”, see page 100.)
When replacing batteries, be sure to turn the power switch off and
replace both batteries at the same time. Always use fresh batteries of
the same brand.
We recommend that you take spare batteries with you, especially when
travelling.
For the number of film rolls that can be shot with fresh batteries, see
page 108.
N appears: Sufficient battery power.
M appears: Batteries are nearing exhaustion. Have a fresh set ready.
(Viewfinder indications turn off when you release your finger
from any button.)
M blinks:
Batteries are exhausted. Replace batteries. (Shutter locks.)
• Shutter speed and aperture indications in the LCD panel automatically
turn off 6 sec. after the power switch is turned on and the camera
remains unused. (All indications in the viewfinder turn off.)
• For F80D/F80S only: Batteries in the camera body also power the Quartz
Date. After installing batteries for the first time, set the date and time
(page 90).
1.4
Lightly press the shutter release button to activate
the exposure meter.
• Lightly pressing the shutter release button reactivates the exposure meter
and indications in the LCD panel and viewfinder for approx. 6 sec.
c 15: It is possible to change the duration of inactive time before
automatic meter switch-off occurs (page. 74).
LCD panel when the power switch is off
When the power switch is turned off with batteries
installed, the frame counter display remains on in
the LCD panel.
16
17
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
Mount Lens
2
2.1
Turn the power switch off and
mount the lens to the camera
body.
Check the lens type.
Check points
Use a D- or G-type AF Nikkor lens to utilise all of this camera’s
functions. (See page 34 for Lens Compatibility.)
Make sure to turn the power switch off when attaching/detaching the
lens.
When attaching the lens, take care not to press the lens release button.
Avoid direct sunlight when attaching/detaching the lens.
2.3
Å CPU Nikkor lens
Í G-type Nikkor lens
other than G-type
Å CPU Nikkor lens other than G-type (Illustration is D-type Nikkor lens),
with aperture ring
Í G-type Nikkor lens, without aperture ring
CPU contacts of CPU
lens
Turn the power switch off and mount the lens to the
camera body.
• When CPU Nikkor lens other than G-type is not set to its minimum
aperture setting (largest f-number) and the power switch is turned on, ƒEE
blinks in the LCD panel and viewfinder and the shutter cannot be released.
• The G-type Nikkor lens has no aperture ring; aperture should be selected
from camera body. Unlike other CPU Nikkor lens, aperture does not need
to be set to minimum.
2.4
Detaching the lens.
105
85
70
ft
m
50
28
35
28
2.2
With CPU Nikkor lens with aperture ring (other than Gtype), set the lens aperture to its minimum and lock.
• Position lens in the camera’s bayonet mount so that the mounting
indexes on lens and camera body are aligned, then twist lens
counterclockwise until it locks into place. (Be sure not to touch the lens
release button.)
• When the lens is not attached or when a non-CPU Nikkor lens is attached
and the power switch is turned on, ƒ-- blinks in the LCD panel and
viewfinder, and the shutter cannot be released. See page 34 for a nonCPU lens.
18
• Push and hold the lens release button, then turn the lens clockwise.
When camera is left unattended without lens
When you leave the camera unattended
without a lens attached, be sure to attach
the supplied body cap (page 3), or
optional body cap BF-1A. (BF-1 body cap
cannot be used.)
19
BASIC OPERATION
Page 18
22
02.12.27 5:20 PM
22
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 20
Load Film
3
3.1
Turn the power switch on and
load DX-coded film. With DXcoded film, film speed will be set
automatically (ISO 25-5000).
When the camera is turned on,
film is loaded and the camera
back is closed, the film
automatically advances to the
first frame.
Check points
DX-coded film
ISO
(film speed)
To change film speed with DX-coded film or select film advance mode,
see pages 36-37.
Shutter curtains are very thin. Do not touch the shutter curtains with
your finger or the film leader.
Avoid direct sunlight when changing film outdoors.
DX mark
Turn the power switch on, confirm that the film
speed setting is set to s, then open the camera
back by sliding the camera back lock release lever.
3.3
• When 1 appears on the LCD panel, the film has advanced to the first frame.
• When Err and E blink in the LCD panel and viewfinder, film is not
properly installed. Open the camera back again and reload film.
• s and Err in the LCD panel and Err in viewfinder blink and the shutter
locks when a non-DX-coded film is loaded with camera film speed set to
s. Set film speed manually (page 36).
• Frame number display remains when the power switch is off.
• You can check the number of available exposures on the film roll through
the film cartridge confirmation window.
• Infrared films cannot be used since an infrared sensor is used for the
detection of the film frame position.
• If the film speed setting is not set to s, see page 36.
3.2
Insert film from the bottom side and pull film leader
out to red index mark.
c 8: Camera can be set to advance the film to the first frame not until
the shutter release button is pressed (page 72).
• Do not insert the film leader beyond the red index mark.
NOTE: Loading/removing film
Shutter curtains are very thin. Do not
touch the shutter curtains with your finger
or the film leader.
20
Hold the film cartridge and ensure film is properly
positioned with no slack, then gently close the
camera back until the camera back snaps closed.
Film automatically advances to the first frame.
3.4
Set the film advance mode selector to ı (singleframe shooting) while pressing the film advance
mode selector lock release.
21
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 22
Set Focus Mode, AF Area Mode and Focus Area
4
4.1
Set the focus mode to S (Single
Servo AF), AF Area mode to g
(Single Area AF) and focus area
to centre.
Set the focus mode selector to S (Single Servo AF).
Check points
Do not attempt to rotate the lens focus ring manually while the focus
mode is set to S or C.
With the focus mode set at S (Single Servo AF), the shutter cannot be
released when the subject is out of focus.
See pages 38-42 for details regarding focus mode, AF Area mode and
focus area.
See page 46 for situations where autofocus may not work as expected.
4.3
• Make sure to turn the focus mode selector until it clicks into position.
• To focus, lightly press the shutter release button (page 27).
F80
F80D
F80S
• Pressing the focus area selector up/down/right/left shifts the focus area
toward the desired direction. Press the focus area selector while the
exposure meter is on (page 42).
• Selected focus area is indicated in the LCD panel and viewfinder (page
42).
c 11: Autofocus detection can be set to start by pressing the AE-L/
AF-L button only (page 73).
4.2
Rotate the focus area selector lock lever and select
centre focus area with the focus area selector.
Set the AF Area mode selector to g (Single Area AF).
c 5: Focus area indication in red when the subject is dark can be
cancelled or can be set to appear in any situation (page 72).
4.4
F80
F80D
Rotate the focus area selector lock lever to lock
focus area.
F80S
• Set the AF Area mode selector firmly.
F80
F80D
F80S
• When the focus area is locked, pressing the focus area selector does not
change the focus area.
22
23
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 24
Set Metering System and Exposure Mode
5
5.1
Set metering system to ”
(Matrix Metering) and exposure
mode to ¡ (Auto-Multi Progam).
Set the metering system selector to ” (Matrix
Metering).
• Matrix Metering indication q appears in the viewfinder.
• The frame is divided into 10 segments in Matrix Metering, and data from
each segment is used to determine correct exposure. Use of a D- or Gtype Nikkor lens automatically activates 3D Matrix Metering (page 48),
which accounts for scene brightness and contrast, as well as subject
distance (Distance Information) in order to determine exposure accurately.
Check points
Three metering systems—the F80/F80D/F80S features Matrix, CentreWeighted and Spot Metering (page 48).
Four exposure modes—the F80/F80D/F80S features Auto-Multi
Progam, Shutter-Priority Auto, Aperture-Priority Auto and Manual
exposure modes. Each exposure mode provides a choice of exposure
controls for various shooting situations. See step 5.2 for a summary of
each exposure mode and its reference page for operating instructions
and details.
• Shooting characteristics of exposure modes
Exposure mode
Shooting characteristics
¡
Auto-Multi
Program P. 50
Camera controls shutter speed and
aperture automatically—allowing you to
freely take pictures, concentrating only on
the shutter release opportunity. In addition,
other settings, such as Flexible Program
(page 51) or exposure compensation (page
60) are possible.
™
Shutter-Priority
Auto P. 52
You set desired shutter speed, and the
camera selects the correct aperture.
“Freeze” the motion of a moving subject
using a fast shutter speed or “blur” the
subject using a slower speed.
Aperture-Priority
Auto P. 54
You set the desired aperture, and the
camera selects the correct shutter speed.
Lets you determine depth of the in-focus
area (page 88), so you can choose whether
near or far subjects are in sharp focus, or
whether foreground or background is to be
blurred.
Manual P. 56
Shutter speed and aperture are set
manually. Suitable for situations where it is
difficult to attain the desired effect using
other exposure modes. Also, use Manual
exposure mode when using a non-CPU
Nikkor lens. (Camera’s exposure meter
cannot be used.)
Symbol
£
5.2
Set the exposure mode select dial to ¡ (Auto-Multi
Progam).
¢
• When the shutter release button is lightly pressed, shutter speed and
aperture appear in the LCD panel and viewfinder.
24
25
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 26
Hold Camera and Focus
6
6.1
Lightly pressing the shutter
release button automatically
focuses the camera on the
subject and when the subject is
in focus, causes / to appear in
the viewfinder.
Hold the camera properly.
• Keep your elbow propped against your body for support.
• Stand with one foot forward a half step and keep your upper body still.
• Grasp the camera handgrip with your right hand and use your left hand to
cradle the camera (or lens).
Camera shake and shutter speed
Preventing camera shake is crucial when taking photographs. In
general, you should set the shutter speed faster than 1/60 sec. Use of a
tripod or Speedlight (pages 30, 78) is recommended for shooting at
shutter speeds slower than 1/60 sec.
Check points
Dioptre adjustment (page 66) enables you to see more clearly through
the viewfinder.
To take a picture of a subject outside the focus area, shift the focus
area by using the focus area selector (page 42) or use focus lock (page
44).
F80D/F80S only: You can imprint date and/or time (page 90) or
shooting data (F80S only) on your photos/negatives (page 94).
6.2
Compose frame and focus by lightly pressing the
shutter release button.
• Centre the focus brackets on your subject and lightly press the shutter
release button. The camera focuses automatically and focus indicator
appears or blinks as follows.
/ appears: Subject is in focus.
/ blinks: Unable to focus using autofocus.
• With dark subjects, the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator (page 43) is
automatically activated to guide autofocus.
• To take a picture of a subject outside the focus area, shift the focus area
by using the focus area selector (page 42) or use focus lock (page 44).
• In situations where autofocus may not work as expected, see page 46.
NOTE: Composing frame
This camera’s viewfinder frame shows approximately 92% of the image
actually exposed on the film frame. Therefore, the actual exposed frame
is somewhat larger than the image you see through the viewfinder. Note
that the edges of a negative film are partially cropped by most labs.
26
27
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 28
Confirm Indica tions in Viewfinder and Release Shutter
7
7.1
Confirm that / (in-focus
indicator) appears in the
viewfinder, then slowly, fully
depress the shutter release
button. Camera automatically
tracks subject that has been
moving (page 88).
Confirm indications in the viewfinder while lightly
pressing the shutter release button. (Shutter speed
and aperture are shown in 1/2 steps.)
Check points
Focus, shutter speed and aperture can be confirmed in the viewfinder. If any
other warning indications appear, see page 101.
When you reach the end of the film roll, the film starts to rewind automatically.
For mid-roll rewind, see page 36.
For self-timer operation, see page 68.
When the camera back is opened before the film is completely rewound
(before E blinks), warning indication (blinking o–– and frame counter) appears
in the LCD panel and viewfinder. Refer to page 103 for troubleshooting.
7.3
Film starts to rewind automatically when film reaches
the end of the roll.
• o––, o– and then o appear in the LCD panel and viewfinder during film
rewind and the frame counter counts down until rewind is complete.
• Pictures taken on frames beyond the indicated number of the exposures
for the film roll may be discarded in the process of developing.
• When the subject is dark or the shutter speed is slower than 1/60 sec.,
use the built-in Speedlight to avoid picture blur (page 30).
• If any warning indications appear in the LCD panel or viewfinder, see
page 101.
7.2
Confirm that focus indicator / appears and slowly
depress the shutter release button.
• After shutter is released, the film automatically advances to the next
frame and the next shot can be taken.
28
c 1:
Film rewind can be changed not to start automatically when the
end of a film roll is reached (page 71).
c 13: High-speed film rewind is normally executed. This film rewind can
be changed to quiet film rewind (page 74).
7.4
Confirm that film is completely rewound, then
remove film cartridge.
• Film is completely rewound when the frame counter shows blinking “E” in
the LCD panel and viewfinder. (E appears without blinking when the
exposure meter is off.) Make sure the film is completely rewound (E is
blinking in the LCD panel and viewfinder), open the camera back away
from sunlight and remove the film cartridge by tilting it to one side.
29
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
Page 30
Using Built-In Speedlight
8
8.1
When the subject is dark or the
shutter speed is slower than
1/60 sec., use the built-in
Speedlight to avoid picture blur.
Speedlight photography is also
suitable for shooting backlit
subjects.
Press the Speedlight lock-release button to release
the Speedlight. The Speedlight starts charging
automatically.
• See page 80 if the flash sync mode is not set to the normal Front-Curtain
Sync.
• When the Speedlight is ready to fire, fi appears without blinking in the
viewfinder (when the camera’s meter is on).
• To close the Speedlight, press gently until it clicks shut. (To conserve
power, keep the Speedlight closed when it is not in use.)
Suitable situations for use of Speedlight
• Shutter speed is slower than 1/60 sec.
• Subject is dark at night or indoors.
• Subject is backlit or when more light is desired on the main subject,
such as the subject’s face.
Check points
The built-in Speedlight offers an angle of coverage of 28mm lens with
a guide number of 12 (ISO 100, m).
Using a D- or G-type Nikkor lens enables use of 3D Multi-Sensor
Balanced Fill-Flash. (For details, see page 78.)
Be sure to remove (or store) the lens hood before flash shooting.
Some lenses have limitations using the built-in Speedlight and may
cause vignetting. (For details, see page 84.)
8.2
Confirm fi in viewfinder, then compose, focus and
take the picture.
• The shutter cannot be released unless fi appears without blinking in the
viewfinder.
• fi blinks in the viewfinder approx. 3 sec. after full flash output. If this
happens, underexposure may have occurred. Check the flash shooting
distance range (page 83) and shoot again.
• Normal Front-Curtain Sync flash mode is introduced in this section. Flash
with Red-Eye Reduction, which reduces the “red-eye” effect with a
person or animal, and Slow Sync flash, which brings out the background
details, are also available. For details, see page 80.
• With dark subjects, the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator is automatically
activated to guide autofocus. See page 43 for details.
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash
NOTE: Continuous use of built-in Speedlight
After continuous use of the built-in Speedlight, it may stop firing to
protect the firing tube. Wait for a while before using the Speedlight
again.
30
When a D- or G-type Nikkor lens is attached, it integrates Distance
Information from the lens with other exposure control information,
automatically compensating the flash output level so that flash output
and ambient light are balanced (page 78).
31
BASIC OPERATION
F80 (E)-Thailand
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:20 PM
C
O
L
Page 32
U
M
N
About Metering System and Exposure
Metering systems and exposure are important factors for taking
pictures. Knowing the characteristics of each factor helps you
widen your photographic expression.
•Metering System
As the proper combination of shutter speed and aperture for correct
exposure is determined according to subject brightness and film
sensitivity, measuring subject brightness is very important.
In general, brightness inside the viewfinder is not uniform. The
F80/F80D/F80S provides three metering systems: Matrix Metering,
Centre-Weighted Metering and Spot Metering. With Matrix Metering,
scene brightness data is detected by the 10-segment Matrix sensor. With
Centre-Weighted Metering, most of the meter’s sensitivity is
concentrated on the 12mm-diameter centre circle in the viewfinder. Spot
Metering sensitivity is concentrated in a small, selected focus area from
five available focus areas. Using D- or G-type Nikkor lenses, the
F80/F80D/ F80S camera performs 3D Matrix Metering by adding distance
information to determine correct exposure. See page 48.
•Exposure
Light from the subject passes through the lens and exposes the film.
Shutter speed and aperture control how much light reaches the film. The
combination of shutter speed and aperture appropriate for subject
brightness and film sensitivity results in correct exposure—a result
provided by the F80/F80D/F80S’s four exposure modes: Auto-Multi
Progam (page 50), Shutter-Priority Auto (page 52), Aperture-Priority
Auto (page 54) and Manual (page 56) exposure modes.
When a highly reflective or very low reflective object is within a frame,
correct exposure may not be obtained. In such situations, exposure
compensation is required. The F80/F80D/F80S offers auto exposure lock
(page 58), exposure compensation (page 60) or Auto Exposure
Bracketing function (page 61) allowing a photographer greater control of
exposure than that afforded by Auto exposure modes.
C
32
O
L
U
M
DETAILED
OPERATION
This section features detailed descriptions
of all camera functions—including lens, film,
focus, exposure and other functions.
N
33
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 34
Lens Compatibility
• Types of CPU lenses and other usable lenses/accessories
Mode
G-type Nikkor and other CPU Nikkor lens
When a non-CPU lens is attached
Set exposure mode to Manual with a non-CPU lens. (When other modes are
selected, shutter cannot be released.) The camera’s exposure meter cannot
be used and the aperture cannot be set using the Sub-Command Dial when
using non-CPU lenses. ƒ-- appears in place of the aperture indication in the
LCD panel and viewfinder; set/confirm aperture using the lens aperture ring.
CAUTION: Nikkor lenses/accessories that cannot be attached to the F80/F80D/F80S
The following Nikkor lenses/accessories cannot be attached to the
F80/F80D/F80S (otherwise camera body or lens may be damaged):
• TC-16A Teleconverter
• Non-AI lenses
• 400mm f/4.5, 600mm f/5.6, 800mm f/8 and 1200mm f/11 with Focusing
Unit AU-1
• Fisheye 6mm f/5.6, 7.5mm f/5.6, 8mm f/8 and OP 10mm f/5.6
• Old type 21mm f/4
• K1, K2 ring, Auto Extension Ring PK-1, PK-11, Auto Ring BR-2, BR-4
• ED 180-600mm f/8 (No. 174041-174180)
• ED 360-1200mm f/11 (No. 174031-174127)
• 200-600mm f/9.5 (No. 280001-300490)
• 80mm f/2.8, 200mm f/3.5 and TC-16 Teleconverter for F3AF
• PC 28mm f/4 (No. 180900 or smaller)
• PC 35mm f/2.8 (No. 851001-906200)
• Old type PC 35mm f/3.5
• Old type Reflex 1000mm f/6.3
• Reflex 1000mm f/11 (No. 142361-143000)
• Reflex 2000mm f/11 (No. 200111-200310)
34
CPU Nikkor*2
Lens/accessories
D-type AF Nikkor*3,
G-type AF Nikkor,
AF-S, AF-I Nikkor
PC Micro-Nikkor
85mm f/2.8D*4
AF-S/AF-I Teleconverter*6
Non-D/G-type AF Nikkor
(except AF Nikkor for
F3AF)
AI-P Nikkor
AI-S or AI type Nikkor,
Series-E, AI-modified Nikkor
Medical-Nikkor
120mm f/4
Reflex-Nikkor
PC-Nikkor
AI-S or AI type
Teleconverters
Bellows Focusing
Attachment PB-6*12
Auto Extension Rings
(PK-11A, PK-12,
PK-13 and PN-11)
Non-CPU Nikkor*9
• The G-type Nikkor lens has no aperture ring; aperture should be selected
from camera body. Unlike other CPU Nikkor lenses, aperture does not need
to be set to minimum (largest f-number).
• CPU Nikkor lenses other than G-type Nikkor lens have an aperture ring. Set
the lens aperture to its minimum and lock. When the lens is not set to its
minimum aperture setting and the power switch is turned on, ƒEE blinks in
the LCD panel and viewfinder and the shutter cannot be released.
*1
*2
*3
*4
*5
*6
*7
*8
*9
*10
*11
*12
•
•
Focus mode
Exposure mode
Metering system
Manual with
Any mode
Matrix
CentreWeighted,
Autofocus electronic Manual other than M
3D
10101
rangefinder
M
segment segment Spot*
R
R
R
R
R
R
—
R
—
R*5
R
—
R
R
—
R
R*7
R*7
R
R
R
R
—
R
R
R
R
R
R
—
R
R
—
R*8
R
R
R
—
R
R
—
R*8
R
—
R*10
—
—
—
—
R
R
—
R*11
—
—
—
—
—
—
R*5
R
R
—
—
R*10
R*10
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
R*7
R
—
R*10
—
—
—
—
R*7
R
—
R*10
—
—
—
—
R*7
R
—
R*10
—
—
—
Lens
• Use a CPU lens (except IX-Nikkor) with this camera. D- or G-type AF lenses
give you access to all available functions. See page 18.
Spot Metering area can be shifted with focus area selector (page 49) with CPU Nikkor lens.
IX-Nikkor lenses cannot be attached.
This camera is compatible with the Vibration Reduction function of the VR Nikkor lens.
The camera’s exposure metering and flash control system do not work properly when shifting and/or tilting the
lens, or when using an aperture other than the maximum aperture.
Without shifting and/or tilting the lens.
Compatible with AF-S and AF-I Nikkor except AF-S 17-35mm f/2.8D IF-ED, AF-S 24-85mm f/3.5-4.5G IF-ED and
AF-S 28-70mm f/2.8D IF-ED.
With maximum effective aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
With maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
Some lenses/accessories cannot be attached. (See page 34.)
With exposure mode set to Manual. The exposure meter cannot be used.
With exposure mode set to Manual and shutter speed set to 1/60 sec. or slower but the exposure meter cannot
be used.
Attach the PB-6 vertically. (PB-6 can be set to horizontal position after attaching.)
AS-15 must be attached in combination with Medical-Nikkor 200mm f/5.6 for the lens to fire flash.
Reprocopy Outfit PF-4 can be attached in combination with Camera Holder PA-4.
35
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 36
Film
• Setting and confirming film speed
• If film does not start to rewind or film rewind stops at mid-roll
Set the exposure mode/ISO film speed select dial to a
and rotate the Main-Command Dial to set film speed in use.
• Mid-roll rewind
To rewind film at mid-roll, press the two film rewind
buttons „ simultaneously for approx. 1 sec.
36
• o––, o– and then o appear in the LCD panel and viewfinder during film rewind
and the frame counter counts backwards until rewind is complete.
• Film is completely rewound when the frame counter shows blinking “E”. (E
appears without blinking when the exposure meter is off.) Open the camera
back and remove the film cartridge. When the camera back is opened before
the film is completely rewound (before E blinks), warning indication (blinking
o–– and frame counter) appears in the LCD panel and viewfinder. Refer to
page 103 for troubleshooting.
c 13: High-speed film rewind is normally executed. This film rewind can be
changed to quiet film rewind (page 74).
Film
• Film speed can be set to s and between ISO 6-6400 in 1/3 steps by rotating
the Main-Command Dial. When a film is reinstalled, film speed is automatically
set to s.
• When film speed is set to s and DX-coded film is installed, film speed is
automatically set between ISO 25-5000. Film speed can also be set manually
with DX-coded film to have an effect of increased or decreased film sensitivity.
• Film speed can be set between ISO 6-6400 with non-DX-coded film.
• To confirm either automatically set or manually set film speed on the camera,
set the exposure mode/ISO film speed select dial to a.
• The shutter cannot be released when the exposure mode/ISO film speed
select dial is set to a. Set the dial to the desired exposure mode (¡, ™, £ or
¢) before shooting.
c 2: Film speed setting can be set not to become s when a film is
reinstalled (page 71).
• When battery power is very low, or at low temperatures, film may not start
rewinding or film rewind may stop at mid-roll, and o–– and frame number will
blink in the LCD panel. In this case, turn the power switch off, change
batteries, then turn the power switch on and rewind film again.
• Film advance mode
Rotate the film advance mode selector while pressing
the film advance mode selector lock release to select
film advance mode.
• The following film advance modes are available:
ı: Single-frame shooting
Fully depressing the shutter release button takes one picture and
automatically advances the film by one frame.
˜: Continuous shooting
Shots are taken continuously at the rate of up to approx. 2.5 fps as long
as you keep the shutter release button fully depressed.
Film advance speed is tested using camera settings of focus mode ¢, exposure
mode ¢, shutter speed 1/125 sec. or faster, aperture other than maximum, at
normal temperature of 20°C, with fresh batteries, for the 1st to 36th frames of a
film.
• When the film advance mode selector is set to Z, multiple exposure can be
performed (page 63). Also, when it is set to V, self-timer operation can be
performed (page 68).
37
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 38
Autofocus
• Focus mode selector
AF Ar ea Mode
• Autofocus operation lets you select Single Area AF that uses one focus
area selected or Dynamic AF that also utilises the other four focus areas.
Rotate AF Area mode selector to select AF Area mode.
c 11: Autofocus detection can be set to start by pressing the AE-L/AF-L
button only (not by lightly pressing the shutter release button) (page
73).
F80
F80D
F80S
• k appears when the Single Area AF is selected and j or J (when
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority is activated) appears when
Dynamic AF is selected in the LCD panel.
g: Single Area AF k
With Single Area AF, only the focus brackets selected among five focus
areas is used for autofocus. This mode is useful for achieving accurate
focus on a selected focus brackets when shooting a stationary subject.
Focus
• Set focus mode selector to S (Single Servo AF with Focus-Priority) or C
(Continuous Servo AF with Release-Priority). Camera focuses automatically on
the subject when the shutter release button is lightly pressed.
S: Single Servo AF with Focus-Priority
The shutter can only be released when in focus indicator / appears in the
viewfinder (Focus-Priority). Once focused on a subject, keeping the shutter
release button lightly pressed locks focus (Focus Lock, page 44). With a
subject that has been moving, the camera continuously focuses on a
subject as long as the shutter release button is kept lightly pressed (Focus
Tracking, page 88) and focus locks when the subject stops moving.
C: Continuous Servo AF with Release-Priority
Since the priority is on shutter release, you can release the shutter
regardless of the focus status (Release-Priority). Focus is not locked when
/ appears in the viewfinder and the camera continues to focus on a
subject until shutter release. With a moving subject, the camera
continuously focuses on a subject as long as the shutter release button is
kept lightly pressed (Focus Tracking, page 88).
©: Dynamic AF j/J (in Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority)
In Dynamic AF, you designate the primary sensor (the first to detect the
subject), then if the detected subject moves, Dynamic AF automatically
shifts to the next sensor that detects the subject, then the next again,
shifting among the progression of sensors as the subject moves. Dynamic
AF thereby follows and maintains accurate focus even on subjects that
move irregularly. (LCD panel and viewfinder indications do not change as
sensoring shifts in Dynamic AF mode.) Dynamic AF Mode with Closest
Subject Priority can also be activated in Dynamic AF mode. See next
page.
If the focus mode is set to Single Servo AF in Dynamic AF, the camera is
automatically set to Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority in initial
setting.
38
39
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 40
AF Ar ea Mode —continued
• Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority
J
• The Closest Subject Priority AF operation is possible in the Dynamic AF, where
the camera automatically selects the focus area with the closest subject.
Focus is always achieved at any of the five focus areas so you can avoid outof-focus pictures.
• In Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority, focus area indication does
not appear in the LCD panel and viewfinder and focus area cannot be
selected.
• When the telephoto lens is attached or the subject is very dark, the closest
subject may not be selected. In this case, use Single Area AF.
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority can be selected in either focus
mode, in Single Servo AF or Continuous Servo AF.
When the AF Area Mode is set to Dynamic AF Mode, the following settings are
selected in combination with the given focus mode.
• In Single Servo AF: Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority is activated in
initial setting.
c 9: Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority can be disabled (page
73).
• In Continuous Servo AF: Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority is not
activated in initial setting.
c 10: Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority can be activated (page
73).
• Autofocus modes
The following focusing operations can be executed with combinations of the focus
mode and AF Area mode.
I
AF Area mode
Single Servo AF Single Area AF
Dynamic AF Mode
Focus
with Closest
LCD panel Viewfinder
area
Subject Priority
indication
Focus area
—
k G
Appears
Selectable
J :
Does not
appear
Automatically
selected
Selectable
Focusing operation
Suitable shooting situation
Focus
Focus mode
Focus is obtained only at the selected focus area and focus is locked (as long
as the shutter release button is lightly pressed) once focus is achieved.
General shooting such as a stationary subject.
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority automatically maintains focus
on the subject located closest to any of five focus areas and focus is locked
once focus is achieved. If the subject moves from the selected focus area
before focus lock, camera automatically focuses on the subject determining the
data from the other focus areas.
Snapshot where you let the camera’s autofocus
operation determine the focusing.
Focus is obtained at the selected focus area and focusing is locked (as long
as the shutter release button is lightly pressed) once it is achieved. If the
subject moves from the selected focus area before focus lock, camera
automatically focuses on the subject determining the data from the other
focus areas.
General shooting including a moving subject
where you want to expand the range of a regular
snapshot.
Focus is obtained only at the selected focus area. Focus is not locked and
focusing continues until the shutter is released.
Subject moving straight toward or away from the
camera such as a racing car or track athlete to
follow a subject with one focus area.
II
Single Servo AF
Dynamic AF
Activated in
initial setting
III
Single Servo AF
Dynamic AF
Cancellable
with c 9
j ˙
Appears
IV
Continuous
Servo AF
Single Area AF
—
k G
Appears
Selectable
V
Continuous
Servo AF
Dynamic AF
Not activated in
initial setting
Appears
Selectable
Focus is obtained at the selected focus area. Focus is not locked. If the subject
moves from the selected focus area, camera automatically focuses on the
subject determining the data from the other focus areas.
Irregularly moving subject such as a player in a
football game where subject is difficult to follow
in one focus area.
VI
Continuous
Servo AF
Dynamic AF
Activated
with c 10
Does not
appear
Automatically
selected
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority automatically maintains focus
on the subject located closest to any of five focus areas. Focus is not locked. If
the subject moves from the selected focus area, camera automatically focuses
on the subject determining the data from the other focus areas.
Snapshot of a moving subject where you let the
camera’s autofocus operation determine the
focusing.
40
j ˙
J :
41
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 42
Focus Ar ea
AF-Assist Illuminator
• This camera’s five focus areas cover a wide frame area, and you can
select among them, depending on the subject’s position in the frame or
your desired composition. They reliably provide sharp focus without
use of focus lock (page 44).
• When the subject is dark and the shutter release button is pressed
lightly, the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator automatically turns on and
enables autofocus operation in a dark environment.
the AF Area mode selector to select Single
1 Rotate
Area AF g or Dynamic AF ©.
F80
F80D
F80S
• Focus area cannot be selected in Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject
Priority (J, page 40).
2
Rotate the focus area selector lock lever to release
the lock, then select desired focus area with the focus
area selector.
Approx. 0.5-3m
• AF-Assist Illuminator automatically turns on in the following situations:
Focus mode is Single Servo AF, AF Nikkor lens is used, subject is dark and
centre focus area is selected or Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority
is activated.
• Focal length of the usable AF Nikkor lens is 24-200mm and the distance range
of the AF-Assist Illuminator is approx. 0.5-3m.
c 18: AF-Assist Illuminator can be cancelled (page 75).
Focus
F80 (E)-Thailand
NOTE: Continuous use of the AF-Assist Illuminator
When the AF-Assist Illuminator is used continuously, illumination is limited
temporarily to protect the firing tube. The illumination restarts after a few
moments. Also, when the AF-Assist Illuminator is used repeatedly in a short
period of time, be careful not to touch the AF-Assist Illuminator lamp because
it may have become hot.
Optional Speedlight and AF-Assist Illuminator
• Lightly press the shutter release button and press the focus area selector
up/down/right/left to change the focus area toward the corresponding
direction. Selected focus area is indicated (momentarily in red when the
subject is dark, page 4) in the viewfinder. Selected focus area is also indicated
in the LCD panel.
• Selected focus area can be locked by rotating the focus area selector lock
lever to lock position.
c 5: Focus area indication in red when the subject is dark can be cancelled
or can be set to appear in any situation (page 72).
c 6: Focus area can be switched to the opposite position without pressing
the opposite position on the focus area selector (page 72).
42
When an optional Speedlight is attached and the condition for the AF-Assist
Illumination is met, the AF-Assist Illuminator of the optional Speedlight SB-80DX,
50DX, 28/28DX, SB-27, SB-26, SB-25 and SB-24 automatically turns on. With
other optional Speedlights, camera’s Illuminator turns on.
• Autofocus using the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator cannot be performed due
to vignetting with following lenses at shooting distance within 1m:
AF Micro 200mm f/4 IF-ED, AF-S 17-35mm f/2.8 IF-ED, AF 18-35mm f/3.54.5 ED, AF 20-35mm f/2.8 IF, AF 24-85mm f/2.8-4, AF 24-120mm f/3.5-5.6
IF, AF-S 28-70mm f/2.8 IF-ED, AF Micro 70-180mm f/4.5-5.6 ED
• Autofocus using the camera’s AF-Assist Illuminator cannot be performed due
to vignetting with AF-S 80-200mm f/2.8 IF-ED, AF 80-200mm f/2.8 ED and AF
VR 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6 ED.
43
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 44
Focus Lock
• Focus lock is useful in autofocus shooting when you want to capture a
subject that’s framed outside of the F80/F80D/F80S’s five focus areas,
and in situations where autofocus may not work as expected (page 46).
Focus lock is operated differently in Single Servo AF or Continuous
Servo AF.
In Continuous Servo AF
Confirm focus indicator / then (while keeping shutter release button lightly
pressed) press the ‚ button.
the focus area on the subject and lightly
1 Position
press the shutter release button.
• Focus is locked as long as the ‚ button is kept pressed, even if you
remove your finger from the shutter release button. In Auto Exposure
mode, exposure is also locked in this case (page 58).
c 11: Only focus can be set to lock when ‚ button is pressed (page
73).
keeping the focus locked, recompose and
3 While
shoot.
Focus
• / appears when the subject is in focus.
2 Confirm focus indicator / and lock focus.
In Single Servo AF:
Focus is locked as long as the shutter release button is kept lightly
pressed.
• Focus can also be locked by pressing the ‚ button. (Refer to the
operation in Continuous Servo AF.)
44
• After you have locked focus, do not change the camera-to-subject
distance.
• If you keep the shutter release button lightly pressed or keep the ‚ button
pressed after releasing the shutter in Single Servo AF, the shutter can be
released repeatedly with the same focusing.
• If the subject moves after focus is locked (the camera-to-subject distance
changes), remove your finger from the shutter release button or ‚ button
to release the focus lock, refocus and lock the focus again.
45
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 46
Situa tions Where Autofocus May Not Work As Expected
• Autofocus may not work as expected in the following situations. In
such situations, focus manually using the clear matte field (page 47) or
focus on a different subject located at the same distance, use focus
lock (page 44) then recompose.
Manual Focus
• Focus can be set manually when the focus mode selector is set to M.
Low-contrast scenes
Scenes with subjects within the focus
brackets located at different distances from
the camera
For example, when shooting an animal in a cage or
a person in a forest.
• Set the focus mode selector to M. Look through the viewfinder and rotate the
lens focusing ring until a sharp image appears on the clear matte field in the
viewfinder. The shutter can be released whether or not the subject is in focus.
Use Manual focus in situations where autofocus may not work as expected
(page 46) or a lens other than an AF Nikkor lens (page 35) is attached.
• Manual focus using Electronic Rangefinder
Focus
For example, where the subject is wearing clothing
the same colour as a wall or other background.
Patterned subject or scene
For example, building windows.
Scenes with pronounced differences in
brightness within the focus brackets
For example, when the sun is in the background
and the main subject is in shadow.
46
• Set the focus mode selector to M. The focus can be confirmed with /
indication in the viewfinder. The Electronic Rangefinder works with most
Nikkor lenses (including AF Nikkors when operated manually) having a
maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
• Lightly press the shutter release button and while the meter is on, rotate the
lens focusing ring until / appears in the viewfinder. The shutter can be
released anytime. The Electronic Rangefinder can be activated with any of five
focus brackets selected as the focus area (page 42).
• When using a lens with the A-M select function, set the switch/ring to M to
focus manually. If M/A (autofocus with manual priority) is available with your
lens, Manual focus is possible either with the switch/ring set to M or M/A. See
the instruction manual of your lens for details.
47
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 48
Exposur e Metering System
• Three choices of metering system are available to suit the lighting for
your subject.
w: Centre-Weighted Metering
Rotate the metering system selector to select the
desired metering system.
Centre-Weighted Metering places special emphasis on brightness within
the 12mm-diameter circle in the viewfinder, so it is useful for basing
exposure on a specific area of the scene.
• When a metering system is selected, it is indicated in the viewfinder.
• Metering systems cannot be used when a non-CPU Nikkor lens is attached.
• Metering systems and characteristics of each are as follows:
e: Spot Metering
Exposure
q: Matrix Metering/3D Matrix Metering
Matrix Metering provides correct exposure control using a 10-segment
Matrix Sensor. With D- or G-type Nikkor lenses, 10-segment 3D Matrix
Metering automatically activates, applying scene brightness, scene
contrast and subject distance information to ensure even more accurate
exposure control. Centre-Weighted or Spot Metering is recommended for
the Auto Exposure Lock function (page 58) or exposure compensation
(page 60).
48
Nearly 100% of the meter’s sensitivity is concentrated on the 4mm-dia.
area (approx. 1% of entire frame) within the selected focus area of the
viewfinder. Use Spot Metering when you want to base the exposure on a
very small area within the frame, such as with a backlit subject or highcontrast scenes.
• When Spot Metering is selected, shifting focus area also shifts Spot
Metering area to a corresponding position.
• Spot Metering area stays at centre (does not shift) as long as Dynamic AF
Mode with Closest Subject Priority (page 40) is activated.
49
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 50
Shooting in Each Exposur e Mode
• ¡: Auto-Multi Progam
The camera automatically controls
exposure according to the exposure
combination in the program chart for
exposure that is correct for any shooting
situation. Suited for situations such as
when taking a snapshot, where you want
to concentrate only on the shutter release
opportunity. For more complex shooting,
use Flexible Program, exposure
compensation (page 60) or auto exposure bracketing (page 61).
• Auto-Multi Progam can only be selected when using a CPU Nikkor
lens (page 34).
1 Rotate the exposure mode select dial to select ¡.
Flexible Program
In Auto-Multi Progam, by rotating the
Main-Command Dial you can change
the combination of shutter speed
and aperture while maintaining
correct exposure. With this function,
you can shoot in Auto-Multi Progam
as though you were shooting in
Shutter-Priority Auto or Aperture-Priority Auto. § appears in the LCD
panel when the Flexible Program is used. To cancel the Flexible
Program, rotate the Main-Command Dial until § disappears, change the
exposure mode, turn the power switch off, use built-in Speedlight (page
82), or perform Two-Button Reset (page 76).
Program chart
(ISO 100)
EV
—— With AF 50mm f/1.4D
—— With AF 180mm f/2.8D ED
----- With AF-S 300mm f/4D ED
EV range: EV 0-21
NOTE: Minimum aperture with CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type)
Always set the aperture ring of a CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type) to its
minimum (largest f-number). When the lens is not set to its minimum
aperture setting, ƒEE blinks in the LCD panel and viewfinder and the
shutter locks.
• When a non-CPU lens is attached, ƒ-- blinks in the LCD panel and
viewfinder, and the shutter cannot be released. In this case, set the
exposure mode to Manual (page 56) and set/confirm aperture with the lens
aperture ring. Camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. See “Lens
Compatibility” on page 34 for details.
2 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
• When the subject is too dark or bright, one of the following warning
indications will appear in the viewfinder or LCD panel.
• H1: Use ND filtre.
• Lo: Use Speedlight.
50
Aperture
Shutter speed
• There are limitations for minimum and maximum EV depending on the film
speed.
• In Matrix Metering, any EV above 161/3 is controlled to EV 161/3 when using
ISO 100 film.
51
Exposure
The program chart shows exposure control in Auto-Multi Progam exposure
mode.
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 52
Shooting in Each Exposure Mode —continued
1 Rotate the exposure mode select dial to select ™.
the shutter speed (30-1/4000 sec.) by rotating the
2 Set
Main-Command Dial.
c 12: Shutter speed can be set to change with Sub-Command Dial
(page 74).
3 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
• When the subject is too dark or bright, one of the following warning
indications will appear in the LCD panel or viewfinder. (Electronic analog
exposure display will also indicate the amount of under- or overexposure.)
• H1: Select higher shutter speed. If the warning indication still remains
on, use ND filtre.
• Lo: Select a slower shutter speed. If the warning indication still remains
on, use the Speedlight.
NOTE: Minimum aperture with CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type)
Always set the aperture ring of a CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type) to its
minimum (largest f-number). When the lens is not set to its minimum
aperture setting, ƒEE blinks in the LCD panel and viewfinder and the
shutter locks.
• When a non-CPU Nikkor lens is attached, ƒ-- blinks in the LCD panel and
viewfinder, and the shutter cannot be released. In this case, set the
exposure mode to Manual (page 56) and set/confirm aperture with the lens
aperture ring. Camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. See “Lens
Compatibility” on page 34 for details.
• If buLb is selected in Manual exposure mode and the exposure mode is
changed to Shutter-Priority Auto without cancelling buLb, buLb blinks and
the shutter locks. To shoot in Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode, select
shutter speed other than buLb by rotating the Main-Command Dial.
52
53
Exposure
• ™: Shutter-Priority Auto
Enables you to manually set your desired
shutter speed (30-1/4000 sec.); the
camera automatically selects the proper
aperture to provide correct exposure. With
high shutter speeds, you can freeze the
motion of a fast-moving subject; with
slower speeds, you can create a blurry,
motion effect.
• Shutter-Priority Auto can only be selected with CPU Nikkor lens (page
34).
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 54
Shooting in Each Exposure Mode —continued
• £: Aperture-Priority Auto
Enables you to set the desired aperture
manually. The camera automatically
selects a shutter speed suitable for correct
exposure. By varying the aperture, and
thus controlling the depth of field (page
88), you can sharpen the background and
foreground, or blur the background. In
flash photography, varying the aperture
changes the flash shooting distance (page 83).
• Aperture-Priority Auto can only be selected with CPU Nikkor lens
(page 34).
c 12: Aperture can be set to change with Main-Command Dial (page 74).
3 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
• When the subject is too dark or too bright, one of the following warnings
will appear in the LCD panel or viewfinder. (Electronic analog exposure
display will also indicate the amount of under- or overexposure.)
• H1: Select smaller aperture (larger f-number). If the warning indication
persists, use an ND filtre.
• Lo: Select larger aperture (smaller f-number). If the warning indication
persists, use the Speedlight.
Exposure
1 Rotate the exposure mode select dial to select £.
2 Set the aperture by rotating the Sub-Command Dial.
NOTE: Minimum aperture with CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type)
Always set the aperture ring of a CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type) to its
minimum (largest f-number). When the lens is not set to its minimum
aperture setting, ƒEE blinks in the LCD panel and viewfinder and the
shutter locks.
• When a non-CPU Nikkor lens is attached, ƒ-- blinks in the LCD panel and
viewfinder, and the shutter cannot be released. In this case, set the
exposure mode to Manual (page 56) and set/confirm aperture with the lens
aperture ring. Camera’s exposure meter cannot be used. See “Lens
Compatibility” on page 34 for details.
54
55
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 56
Shooting in Each Exposure Mode —continued
1 Rotate the exposure mode select dial to select ¢.
NOTE: Minimum aperture with CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type)
Always set the aperture ring of a CPU Nikkor lens (except G-type) to its
minimum (largest f-number). When the lens is not set to its minimum
aperture setting, ƒEE blinks in the LCD panel and viewfinder and the
shutter locks.
• When a non-CPU Nikkor lens is attached, ƒ-- appears in the LCD panel
and viewfinder. Set/confirm aperture with the lens aperture ring. Camera’s
exposure meter cannot be used. See “Lens Compatibility” on page 34 for
details.
the shutter speed and aperture and confirm by
2 Set
looking at the electronic analog exposure display in
the viewfinder.
• Set the shutter speed by rotating the Main-Command Dial and the aperture
by rotating the Sub-Command Dial. These functions can be set
independently.
• Long Time exposure (Bulb) can be set by setting the shutter speed to buLb
(page 65).
• When the shutter speed is set to 1/125 sec., the shutter can be released
with the camera back open.
• When the exposure compensation is set, only the electronic analog display
changes—selected shutter speed and aperture do not change.
Exposure
• ¢: Manual
Enables you to set both shutter speed and
aperture manually. With electronic analog
exposure display in the viewfinder, you can
produce various creative effects by
adjusting the exposure. Long Time
Exposure (Bulb) can be set in Manual
exposure mode.
c 12: Shutter speed can be set to change with the Sub-Command Dial
and aperture with the Main-Command Dial (page 74).
Electronic analog exposure display
The electronic analog display in the viewfinder indicates the difference
between the selected exposure (shutter speed and aperture) and the
correct exposure. Not available with Long Time Exposure.
The electronic analog exposure display blinks when the subject
brightness is beyond the camera’s exposure range.
The following examples show electronic analog exposure display
indications:
Correct exposure
–1/2 EV
Over +3 EV
3 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
56
57
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 58
Auto Exposur e Lock
• When you want to control the exposure of a specific area within a
scene, measure the exposure on the area with Spot or CentreWeighted Metering, press the ‚ button to lock the exposure, then
recompose the picture. Set exposure to a mode other than Manual.
the metering system selector to select Centre1 Rotate
Weighted or Spot Metering.
• When the Centre-Weighted Metering is selected, exposure at 12mmdiameter circle is locked.
• In Single Servo AF or Continuous Servo AF, focus is also locked
simultaneously (page 44). Make sure to confirm focus indicator / appears
in the viewfinder.
c 11: Only exposure can be set to be locked when the ‚ button is
pressed (page 73).
While keeping the ‚ button pressed, recompose,
3 focus
and shoot.
• Matrix Metering is not recommended since the effect of the Auto Exposure
Lock cannot be effectively attained.
Confirm focus indicator / appears in the viewfinder.
• When the ‚ button is pressed, exposure at the area of selected metering
system is locked and remains locked as long as the button is kept pressed.
• When the ‚ button is pressed, EL appears in the viewfinder.
• Area of exposure in Spot Metering:
1. When the focus area and metering area are linked in Spot Metering
(page 49), exposure is locked at selected focus area.
2. When Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority (page 40) is
selected in Spot Metering, exposure is locked at centre focus area (page
49).
58
• The following functions can be operated while the ‚ button is kept
pressed:
1. Flexible Program (page 51) in Auto-Multi Progam Exposure mode
2. Shutter speed adjustment in Shutter-Priority Auto Exposure mode
3. Aperture adjustment in Aperture-Priority Auto Exposure mode
In any of these three situations, controlled shutter speed and/or aperture
will be displayed after change.
• Rotating the metering system selector to another setting does not change
the metering system during Auto Exposure Lock operation. (The metering
system changes as soon as the Auto Exposure Lock is cancelled.)
c 7:
Auto Exposure Lock can be set to be activated by lightly pressing
the shutter release button (page 72).
c 11: Auto Exposure Lock can be set to remain after you remove your
finger from the ‚ button. In this case, AE lock is released when
the ‚ button is pressed again (page 73).
59
Exposure
focus area on subject and lightly press the
2 Position
shutter release button, then press the ‚ button.
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 60
Exposur e Compensation
• To modify exposure control (i.e. from the ISO standard), use the exposure
compensation function. This can be useful when intentionally achieving
under- or overexposure. Use Centre-Weighted or Spot Metering.
Exposure compensation can be performed in any exposure mode.
(However in Manual exposure mode, only the electronic analog display changes—selected
shutter speed and aperture do not change.)
exposure compensation by rotating the Main1 Set
Command Dial while pressing the ∆ button until the
desired compensation value appears (–3 EV to +3 EV
in 1/2 steps).
Electronic analog exposure
display
Auto Exposur e Bracketing
• Auto Exposure Bracketing allow you to shoot in selected compensated
EV value (maximum of ±2 EV) shifting from the automatically set proper
exposure (or selected exposure in Manual exposure mode) for a selected number
of shots (two or three) each time the shutter is released. For example, this
is useful in selecting one shot out of several shots with Bracketed
exposures after processing the film, when the subject has pronounced
contrast in shooting with colour slide film and where the latitude of the
proper exposure is minimal. Auto Exposure Bracketing can be
performed in any exposure mode.
the Main-Command Dial while pressing the
1 Rotate
Auto Exposure Bracketing ¸ button so z appears
in the LCD panel.
–0.5 EV compensation
+2 EV compensation
2 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
60
• To cancel exposure compensation, rotate the Main-Command Dial while
pressing the ∆ button to reset the compensation value to 0.0. Alternately,
you can perform Two-Button Reset (page 76). (Turning the power switch off
does not cancel the exposure compensation function.)
• When z appears, = starts blinking.
• Shutter speed and aperture in Auto-Multi Program, aperture in ShutterPriority Auto and shutter speed in Aperture-Priority Auto and Manual
exposure mode differ.
• In any of the exposure modes, Flash Exposure Bracketing and Auto
Exposure Bracketing are simultaneously performed when a Speedlight is
used.
Exposure
• When the exposure compensation is set, = appears in the LCD panel and
viewfinder. The Electronic analog exposure display also appears in the
viewfinder. The compensation value can be checked by pressing the ∆ button.
• Electronic analog exposure display indicates the exposure compensation
value and 0 blinks.
• Normally, you should compensate exposure to the + side when the
background is brighter than your main subject, or to the – side when the
background is darker.
• See page 85 for flash exposure compensation where only the flash output
level is compensated.
the number of shots and compensated EV value
2 Set
by rotating the Sub-Command Dial while pressing the
Auto Exposure Bracketing ¸ button.
• See the table on the next page for the combinations of the number of shots
and compensated EV value.
61
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 62
Auto Exposur e Bracketing —continued
• Rotating the Sub-Command Dial while pressing the Auto Exposure
Bracketing button ¸ changes the setting as follows:
Number of shots and
compensated EV value
3F 0.5
3F 1.0
3F 1.5
3F 2.0
@2F 0.5
@2F 1.0
@2F 1.5
@2F 2.0
^2F 0.5
^2F 1.0
^2F 1.5
^2F 2.0
Bracketing bar graphs
Bracketing order
0,
0,
0,
0,
–0.5, +0.5
–1.0, +1.0
–1.5, +1.5
–2.0, +2.0
0, +0.5
0, +1.0
0, +1.5
0, +2.0
0, –0.5
0, –1.0
0, –1.5
0, –2.0
c 3: Bracketing order can be set to change from negative EV value to
positive EV value (page 71).
Multiple Exposur e
• Multiple exposure consists of two or more exposures of one or more
subjects in the same frame. Multiple exposure can be performed in any
of the available exposure modes.
and set the film advance mode selector to Z
1 Rotate
while pressing the film advance mode selector lock
release.
• Z appears in the viewfinder.
the Main-Command Dial while pressing the ∆
2 Rotate
button to set the necessary exposure compensation.
• Compensated shutter speed and aperture values are displayed during
shooting.
• To cancel the Bracketing, rotate the Main-Command Dial while pressing the
¸ button so z disappears from the LCD panel or perform Two-Button
Reset (page 76). The number of shots and compensated EV values
previously selected will remain when they are cancelled with the MainCommand Dial, and they automatically reset to “3F 0.5” when the TwoButton Reset is performed.
• If the exposure compensation function (page 60) or flash exposure
compensation (page 85) is also set, Bracketing will be combined with the
exposure compensation values. It is useful to perform Bracketing with a
compensated value of over +2 EV or under –2 EV.
• With film advance mode in ˜ (continuous shooting), fully depress and hold
the shutter release button until the set number of shots has been taken and
film advance stops automatically.
• If the end of the film roll is reached during Bracketing, the remaining shots
can be taken after new film has been loaded. Also, if you turn the power
switch off during Bracketing, the remaining shots can be taken after the
power is turned back on.
• Bracketing is performed with one frame at a time when the self-timer (page
68) is set.
62
Exposure
3 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
Standard compensation value in Multiple exposure
Exposure compensation is
necessary depending on the Number of exposures Compensation value
Two
–1.0 EV
number of exposures in
Multiple exposure since
Three
–1.5 EV
more than one image is
Four
–2.0 EV
exposed in the same frame.
Eight or Nine
–3.0 EV
• Test shooting is recommended since the compensation actually required
varies depending on the shooting situation.
• When the background is completely dark and subjects do not overlap, no
compensation is necessary for each shot.
• In some cases, frames may shift slightly in multiple exposure. In particular,
film advance becomes unstable at the beginning and near the end of a film
roll so multiple exposure is not recommended.
63
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 64
Multiple Exposur e —continued
picture, confirm focus indicator / and
3 Compose
shoot.
• The first shot is taken when the shutter release button is fully depressed.
The film does not advance and multiple exposures can be taken from the
second shutter release.
• Z blinks in the viewfinder when the first shot is taken. The frame counters
in the LCD panel and viewfinder do not count up and the counter display
blinks.
• To cancel multiple exposure, set the film advance mode selector to a
position other than Z. Film is advanced when the exposure meter is on or
the shutter release button is lightly pressed. When the film is advanced, the
frame counter counts up.
c 14: The film advance mode in multiple exposure is normally set to singleframe shooting. However, it can be set to continuous shooting (page
74).
Long T ime Exposur e
• This function is useful for shooting nighttime scenes or stars, which
require extended exposure of more than 30 sec. The shutter will be
open as long as the shutter release button is kept fully depressed. (Use
of a tripod is recommended.)
the exposure mode select dial to select ¢
1 Rotate
(Manual exposure).
• Use of a tripod is recommended to avoid camera shake. Using the optional
cable release (page 97) attached to the release terminal instead of pressing
the shutter release button with your finger also reduces camera shake.
• Use the LCD illuminator (page 66) to view the LCD panel in the dark.
Exposure
the Main-Command Dial to select buLb and
2 Rotate
rotate the Sub-Command Dial to set the aperture.
• If buLb is selected in Manual exposure mode and the exposure mode is
changed to Shutter-Priority Auto without cancelling buLb, buLb blinks and
the shutter locks (page 52).
• Continuous exposure of approx. 6 hours is possible with a fresh set of
lithium batteries. Note that continuous exposure time is reduced when
shooting at low temperatures.
3 Compose picture, focus and shoot.
• The shutter will be open as long as the shutter release button is kept fully
depressed.
64
65
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 66
Dioptr e Adjustment/LCD Illuminator
Depth-of-Field Preview/Film Plane Indica tor
• The finder dioptre enables near- or far-sighted photographers to adjust
the eyepiece dioptre to suit their vision.
• Depress the depth-of-field preview button to confirm the depth of field
through the viewfinder (see page 88).
• Remove the rubber eyecup and slide the dioptre adjustment lever while
looking through the viewfinder until the focus brackets or other displays in the
viewfinder appear sharp. Attach the rubber eyecup again after adjustment.
• The adjustable range of the finder dioptre is –1.8m–1 to +0.8m–1. Nine optional
eyepiece correction lenses provide a viewfinder dioptre range of –5 to +3m–1
(P. 96).
• Pressing the depth-of-field button stops the lens down to the aperture
controlled in Auto-Multi Progam or Shutter-Priority Auto exposure mode, and
down to the aperture selected in Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual exposure
mode. By looking through the viewfinder, the approximate depth of field with
the given aperture can be confirmed.
NOTE: Using the dioptre adjustment lever
Since the dioptre adjustment lever is located next to the viewfinder, be
careful not to poke yourself in the eye with your finger or fingernail while
sliding the lever.
• The film plane indicator shows the position of the film plane inside the
camera body.
• Press the Œ button. The exposure meter turns on and the LCD panel is
illuminated.
• The illumination remains on as long as the exposure meter is on. Illumination
turns off after lightly pressing the shutter release button or shutter release.
• The film plane indicator shows the standard line of the shooting distance and
indicates the position of the film plane inside the camera body. Use this
indicator when actually measuring camera-to-subject distance, e.g. in closeup photography.
• The exact distance from the lens mounting flange to the film plane is 46.5mm.
c 17: The illuminator can be set to come on when any button is pressed
(page 75).
66
67
Composition
• Displays in the LCD panel can be confirmed in the dark with the LCD
illuminator.
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 68
Self-T imer Operation
• You can use the self-timer when you want to be in the photograph. Use
a tripod or place the camera on a stable surface before using the selftimer.
Set the film advance mode selector to V while
1 pressing
the film advance mode selector lock release.
• Self-timer shooting cannot be performed unless the camera’s shutter can
be released (i.e. when subject cannot be brought into focus with autofocus
in Single Servo AF).
• To shoot in an exposure mode other than Manual, cover the eyepiece with
the supplied eyepiece cap DK-5 (page 3) or with your hand before pressing
the shutter release button to prevent interference and achieve correct
exposure from stray light.
• Do not stand in front of the lens when setting the self-timer in autofocus
mode.
2
Compose picture, focus by lightly pressing the shutter
release button and fully depress the shutter release
button.
CUSTOM SETTING
Using the Custom Setting feature, you can
create a combination of functions that is
different from the initial factory settings. The
functions listed in this section can be
selected with the F80/F80D/F80S.
• Once the self-timer is activated, the shutter will release in 10 seconds. The
self-timer indicator LED will blink for 8 sec. and then illuminate for 2 sec.
before the shutter is released.
• To cancel the self-timer, set the film advance mode selector to a position
other than V.
• When buLb is selected in Manual exposure mode, shutter speed is
controlled to approx. 1/8-1/15 sec.
c 16: The time delay of the self-timer can be set to 2, 5, or 20 sec.
(page 75).
68
69
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 70
Menu/Featur es of Custom Setting
• Creating Custom Setting
1
Set the exposure mode/Custom Setting select dial to
· and select a menu number by rotating the MainCommand Dial.
• 19 menus (1 to 19) are available with the F80S and 18 menus (1 to 18) are
available with the F80/F80D.
the desired option number by rotating the Sub2 Select
Command Dial.
• Menu number and Custom Setting options
* Refer also to the Custom Setting Menu table at the end of this instruction manual.
1. Automatic film rewind at the end of film roll (page 29)
Options: 0: Activated (initial setting)
1: Disabled
At initial setting, film rewind is automatically started when the end of the film
roll is reached. However, the camera can be set not to rewind film at the end
of the film roll but instead film rewind is started by pressing the two film
rewind buttons „ for more than 1 sec.
2. Reset to DX film speed setting for new film (page 36)
Options: 0: Activated (initial setting)
1: Disabled
At initial setting, film speed automatically sets to s when a new film roll is
loaded even after manually setting film speed to other than s. However, the
film speed setting can be changed to remain the same.
3. Bracketing order (page 62)
4. On-Demand Grid Lines superimposition display (page 5)
Options: 0: Not displayed (initial setting)
1: Displayed
At initial setting, On-Demand Grid Lines (page 5) are not displayed in the
viewfinder. However, they can be set to be displayed.
Custom Setting
• When the desired option number is displayed in the LCD panel, ç
appears in the LCD panel. Rotate the exposure mode/Custom Setting
select dial to set desired exposure mode and picture can be taken with
desired settings.
• The shutter cannot be released when the exposure mode/Custom Setting
select dial is set to ·. Set the dial to the desired exposure mode before
shooting.
Options: 0: Metered value, under, over (initial setting)
1: Under, metered value, over
Bracketing is normally performed in the order of the initial setting (page 62).
However, this Bracketing order can be changed to be performed from
negative compensation to positive compensation.
• Cancelling Custom Setting
Set the exposure mode/Custom Setting select dial to
· and perform Two-Button Reset (page 76).
• All the Custom Settings are cancelled and reset to their initial factory settings.
• Each Custom Setting can be cancelled and reset to initial setting by selecting
the number of “initial setting” (e.g. 0 with Custom Setting menu number 1) at
step 2 above.
70
71
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 72
Menu/Fea tures of Custom Setting —continued
Options: 0: Automatically illuminated for low light (initial setting)
1: Cancelled
2: Always illuminated
At initial setting, selected focus area (focus brackets) in the viewfinder are
temporarily illuminated in red depending on the subject brightness for easy
identification. However, they can be set not to be illuminated or always
illuminated no matter the subject brightness.
6. Focus area selection (page 42)
Options: 0: Normal selection (initial setting)
1: Enables successive rotation of focus area selection
At initial setting, the focus area can be selected by pressing the focus area
selector in the desired direction. However, it can be set to be changed
continuously in the same direction. For example, when the top of the focus
area selector is pressed, focus area continues to change from top, bottom,
middle and so on. With this option, focus area can be switched to the opposite
position without pressing the opposite position on the focus area selector.
7. Auto Exposure Lock when shutter release button is lightly pressed
(page 58)
Options: 0: Disabled (initial setting)
1: Activated
At initial setting, Auto Exposure Lock can be performed by pressing the ‚
button. However, Auto Exposure can be set to be locked by lightly pressing
the shutter release button.
8. Auto film loading when camera back is closed (page 21)
Options: 0: Enabled (initial setting)
1: Disabled
At initial setting, film advances to the first frame when the camera back is
closed after it is loaded. However, film advance can be set not to start until
the camera back is closed and the shutter release button is fully depressed.
72
9. Closest-subject-priority Dynamic AF in Single Servo AF (page 40)
Options: 0: Enabled (initial setting)
1: Disabled
At initial setting, Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority (page 40) is
activated when Dynamic AF mode is selected in Single Servo AF. However,
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority can be set to be disabled in
Single Servo AF.
10.Closest-subject-priority Dynamic AF in Continuous Servo AF
(page 40)
Options: 0: Disabled (initial setting)
1: Enabled
At initial setting, selecting Dynamic AF in Continuous Servo AF does not
activate Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority (page 40). However,
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority can be set to be activated in
Continuous Servo AF.
11.AE-L/AF-L button (page 44/58)
Options 0:
1:
2:
3:
AE/AF simultaneous lock (initial setting)
Auto Exposure lock only
Autofocus lock only
Auto Exposure lock (remains locked until button is pressed
again)
4: AF operation only starts by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
At initial setting, Auto Exposure and autofocus are locked simultaneously
when the ‚ button is pressed. However, it can be set to be locked
separately or exposure remains locked after removing your finger from the
button and released when the ‚ button is pressed again or picture is taken.
Also at initial setting, autofocusing starts when the shutter release button is
lightly pressed, but it can be set to activate when the ‚ button is pressed.
(In this setting, pressing the shutter release button lightly does not start
autofocusing.)
73
Custom Setting
5. Illumination for superimposition (page 4)
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 74
Menu/Fea tures of Custom Setting —continued
Options: 0: Main-Command Dial for shutter speed; Sub-Command Dial for
aperture setting (initial setting)
1: Main-Command Dial for aperture; Sub-Command Dial for
shutter speed setting
Unlike the initial Command Dial functions, the Sub-Command Dial can be set
to select shutter speed (in Shutter-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode)
and the Main-Command Dial to select aperture (in Aperture-Priority Auto or
Manual exposure mode).
13.Film rewind (pages 29)
Options: 0: High-speed film rewind (initial setting)
1: Quiet film rewind
Film rewind can be set to perform more silently as opposed to initial highspeed film rewind setting. Film rewind speed of the high-speed film rewind is
approx. 15 sec. and quiet film rewind is approx. 23 sec. per 36-exposure film
roll with fresh batteries.
14.Multiple exposure (page 64)
Options: 0: Single shutter release operation (initial setting)
1: Continuous shutter release operation
At initial setting, the shutter is released once each time the shutter release
button is fully depressed in multiple exposure (single frame shooting).
However, it can be changed to continuous shooting where the shutter can be
continuously released as long as the shutter release button is fully
depressed.
15.Time delay for auto meter-switch-off (page 17)
4 : 4 sec.
6 : 6 sec. (initial setting)
8 : 8 sec.
16 : 16 sec.
At initial setting, the exposure meter automatically turns off 6 sec. after
turning the power switch on or lightly pressing the shutter release button.
However, it can be changed to 4 sec., 8 sec. or 16 sec. (Note that the usable
number of film rolls per batteries decreases with the longer delay time for
auto meter-switch-off since it consumes more power.)
Options
74
16.Self-timer duration (page 68)
Options 2 : 2 sec.
10 : 10 sec. (initial setting)
5 : 5 sec.
20 : 20 sec.
At initial setting, the shutter is released 10 sec. after the shutter release
button is fully depressed in self-timer operation. However, this can be
changed to 2, 5, or 20 sec.
17.LCD illuminates by pressing any function button (page 66)
Options 0: Disabled (initial setting)
1: Activated
At initial setting, pressing the Πbutton activates the LCD illuminator.
However, it can be set to be activated with a press of any button.
18.AF-Assist Illuminator activation (page 43)
Options 0: Activated (initial setting)
1: Disabled
When the condition for the AF-Assist Illumination is met (page 43) and the
shutter release button is pressed lightly, the AF-Assist Illuminator of the
camera automatically turns on and enables autofocus operation in a dark
environment. However, it can be changed not to turn on (autofocus may
become impossible).
19.ISO film speed setting for data imprint between frames (F80S only,
page 94)
Options 0: Automatically (initial setting) 3: ISO 100
1: Under ISO 25
4: ISO 125-200
2: ISO 32-80
5: Over ISO 250
At initial setting, the F80S automatically sets the film speed of the loaded
film when imprinting shooting data between film frames. However, it can be
changed to be set manually. Note that Custom Setting Menu 19 can only be
selected when the shooting data imprint between film frames is set on the
camera.
• Set the Custom Setting option to 0 (automatic setting) or at an option of
the ISO value of the film in use to imprint shooting data at regular exposure
level.
To increase the imprint exposure level, select an option number of lower
ISO number than the film in use. To decrease it, select a higher ISO
number.
• Test shots are recommended when using special film or
increasing/decreasing data imprint exposure level in imprinting shooting
data between film frames.
75
Custom Setting
12.Command Dial functions (pages 53-57)
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 76
Two-Button Reset
• Two-Button Reset lets you instantly reset specified settings to their
original initial settings.
Press the ¸ and ∆ buttons (indicated with green ˇ symbols)
simultaneously, and hold them for more than 2 sec.
• The LCD turns off momentarily and the following functions are reset to their
original settings with the exposure mode select dial set at either ¡, ™, £ or
¢:
Function
Focus area
Flexible Program
Exposure compensation
Auto Exposure Lock
Auto Exposure
Bracketing
Flash Sync mode
Flash exposure
compensation
Condition
Centre
Cancelled
Cancelled
Cancelled
Cancelled
Front-curtain sync
Cancelled
• Cancelling Custom Setting
• Set the exposure mode/Custom Setting select dial to · and perform TwoButton Reset. The LCD turns off momentarily and then ç disappears from
the LCD panel. All the Custom Settings are cancelled and reset to their initial
factory settings (pages 71-75).
76
FLASH
PHOTOGRAPHY
You can enjoy the excitement of the Nikon
F80/F80D/F80S’s advanced flash
technology by using the built-in Speedlight
or an optional Speedlight. With the
F80/F80D/F80S system you’ll discover the
benefits of flash for more picture-taking
situations than ever. Make fill-flash a
standard part of your photography. Brighten
dull scenes and erase harsh shadows for
beautiful portraits. With the F80/F80D/F80S
system’s automatic operation, you can take
flash pictures like never before.
77
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 78
Flash Photogra phy Using Built-In Speedlight
• Built-in Speedlight
Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash
This camera is equipped with a built-in Speedlight that provides an angle of
coverage for a 28mm lens with a guide number of 12 (ISO100, m). TTL Auto
Flash modes such as 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash and Multi-Sensor
Balanced Fill-Flash are available and ensure proper exposure of the main
subject and background, while providing adequate flash output to create
natural-looking flash photography. In addition to shooting in dim light, the flash
can be used in daylight to reduce shadows on the main subject or to put
catchlights in your subject’s eyes. Five flash sync modes—Front-Curtain Sync
(Normal Sync), Slow Sync, Rear-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Reduction and Red-Eye
Reduction with Slow Sync—are available with this camera.
• See below for the TTL Flash modes, page 82 for using the built-in Speedlight
and page 80 for the flash sync modes.
• The following TTL Auto Flash modes are available with built-in
Speedlight depending on the type of lens used. See page 86 for the
optional Speedlight.
Lens
D- or G-type Nikkor lens
CPU Nikkor lens other than D/Gtype (except AF Nikkor for F3AF)
Non-CPU Nikkor lens
TTL Auto Flash mode
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash*1
(with Distance Information and Monitor Pre-Flash*2)
Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash*1
(with Monitor Pre-Flash*2)
Standard TTL*3
*1 When built-in Speedlight is used and the exposure mode is set to Manual or Spot metering
is selected, TTL Auto Flash mode automatically changes to Standard TTL Flash.
*2 To cancel Monitor Pre-Flash, select Manual exposure mode or Spot metering.
*3 Monitor-Pre Flash is not fired in Standard TTL Flash.
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash can be performed with a combination of the
F80/F80D/F80S camera and D- or G-type Nikkor lens. In this flash mode, just
after you press the shutter release button and before the shutter is activated, the
built-in Speedlight will fire a series of imperceptible pre-flashes that are detected
by the F80/F80D/F80S’s five-segment TTL Multi Sensor, then analysed for
brightness and contrast. Furthermore, it integrates Distance Information from the
lens with other exposure control information, automatically compensating the
flash output level so that flash output and ambient light are balanced.
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash enables flash photography in very difficult
situations, such as a scene that includes an object with extremely high reflectivity
or a subject against an “infinite” background (empty sky, clouds, etc.).
• Set the camera’s exposure mode to any mode other than Manual and
metering system to other than Spot when using built-in Speedlight.
78
Ready-Light/Accessor y Shoe
Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash, without the Distance Information added to
the 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash, can be performed with a combination
of the F80/F80D/F80S camera and CPU Nikkor lens other than D/G-type.
• Set the camera’s exposure mode to any mode other than Manual and
metering system to other than Spot when using built-in Speedlight.
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash together with Multi-Sensor Balanced FillFlash is called Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi Sensor
Standard TTL Flash
Standard TTL Flash can be performed with non-CPU Nikkor lens. (Can only be
used with exposure mode set to Manual.) With CPU Nikkor lens, Standard TTL
Flash is automatically set when the camera is set to Manual exposure mode or
Spot metering when using built-in Speedlight. In Standard TTL Flash,
automatic flash output level compensation is not available. This means that,
even though the main subject is correctly exposed, the background may not
be. Standard TTL Flash is useful when you want to highlight the main subject
or perform flash exposure compensation.
• Monitor Pre-Flash is cancelled in Standard TTL Flash.
• Ready-light
• When using the built-in Speedlight or an optional Speedlight such as the SB-80DX,
SB-50DX, SB-30, SB-29s/29, SB-28/28DX, SB-27, SB-23 or SB-22s, the
ready-light fi appears in the viewfinder when the Speedlight is fully charged and
ready to fire.
• If the ready-light blinks approx. 3 sec. after full flash output, underexposure
may have occurred (when the Speedlight is set to TTL or non-TTL Auto Flash
mode). Check the focus distance, aperture or flash shooting distance range
and shoot again.
• Accessory shoe
• An optional Speedlight, i.e. SB-80DX, SB-50DX, SB-30, SB-29s/29, SB-28/28DX,
SB-27, SB-23 or SB-22s can be attached directly to the accessory shoe of the
F80/F80D/F80S without a cord. This accessory shoe is equipped with a
safetylock which prevents accidental drop when a Speedlight with a safetylock pin (i.e. SB-80DX, SB-30, SB-28/28DX, SB-27, SB-26, SB-25 or SB-22s)
is attached.
79
Speedlight
F80 (E)-Thailand
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 80
Flash Sync Mode Featur es
• Five flash sync modes are available with the F80/F80D/F80S.
Set the flash sync mode by rotating the Main-Command
Dial while pressing the flash sync mode button ±.
‹: Rear-Curtain Sync
The Speedlight fires at the end of the
exposure, turning available light into a stream
of light that follows the flash-illuminated
moving subject. When Rear-Curtain Sync is
set in Auto-Multi Progam or Aperture-Priority
Auto exposure mode, Slow Sync is
automatically set. (With an optional
Speedlight SB-26, 25 and 24, set the
Speedlight’s sync mode selector to REAR.)
›: Red-Eye Reduction
Set the flash sync mode to Front-Curtain
Sync for normal flash photography. The
camera’s shutter speed is automatically set
to 1/60 to 1/125 sec. for flash photography
in Auto-Multi Progam or Aperture-Priority
Auto exposure mode.(With an optional
Speedlight SB-26, SB-25 and SB-24, set
the Speedlight’s sync mode selector to
NORMAL.)
¤: Slow Sync
Normally, the camera’s shutter speed is
automatically set to 1/60 to 1/125 sec. for
flash photography in Auto-Multi Progam or
Aperture-Priority Auto exposure mode.
However, for shooting nighttime scenes,
Slow Sync uses a slower shutter speed
(down to 30 sec.) to bring out background
details using all of the available light.
80
⁄: Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync
Red-Eye Reduction and Slow Sync mode are simultaneously set. Set the
exposure mode to Auto-Multi Progam or Aperture-Priority Auto. (With an
optional Speedlight SB-80DX, SB-28/28DX, SB-27 or SB-26, the Red-Eye
Reduction lamp of the Speedlight lights.)
NOTE: Flash Sync Modes
• When Red-Eye Reduction or Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync is
selected, the Red-Eye Reduction lamp lights for approx. 1 sec. before the
flash fires. Do not move the camera or let the subject move until the shutter
is released. (Red-Eye Reduction is not recommended in shooting situations
where shutter release is your top priority.)
• With some lenses, light from the Red-Eye Reduction lamp may not reach
the subject’s eyes. In some cases, red-eye effect may not be reduced
effectively due to the location of subject.
• With Slow Sync and Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync, keep the camera
steady to prevent picture blur since the shutter speed is slow. Use of a
tripod is recommended.
• Rear-Curtain Sync cannot be used with a studio flash system since the
correct synchronisation cannot be obtained.
Speedlight
∞: Front-Curtain Sync
The Red-Eye Reduction lamp lights for
approx. 1 sec. before the flash fires in order
to reduce the red-eye effect in photos of
people or animals. (With an optional
Speedlight SB-80DX, SB-28/28DX, SB-27 or
SB-26, the Red-Eye Reduction lamp of the
Speedlight lights.)
81
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 82
Using the Built-In Speedlight
• Operation described in this section applies when the built-in Speedlight
and D- or G-type AF Nikkor are attached.
1
the built-in Speedlight by pressing the flash
2 Release
lock-release button, and set the flash sync mode by
Set the metering system.
fi appears in the viewfinder, make sure the
4 Confirm
subject is within the flash shooting distance range
and shoot.
• Set the metering system to Matrix or Centre-Weighted Metering.
• Speedlight starts to charge when it is released and fi appears in the
viewfinder when Speedlight is fully charged.
• Press the Speedlight down gently until it clicks into place to retract it. (To
conserve power, keep the Speedlight retracted when it is not in use.)
3
82
Set exposure mode and confirm shutter speed and
aperture.
• Note that Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi Sensor is executed
with the exposure mode set to Auto-Multi Progam, Shutter-Priority Auto or
Aperture-Priority Auto, and Standard TTL with the Manual.
• Available shutter speed and aperture in each exposure mode
Exposure mode
Available shutter speed Available aperture Page
Automatically set
Auto-Multi Progam
(1/125-1/60 sec.*1)
Automatically set 50
Shutter-Priority Auto
1/125-30 sec.*2
52
Automatically
set
Aperture-Priority Auto
54
(1/125-1/60 sec.*1)
Desired setting*3
Manual
1/125-30 sec.*2, buLb
56
*1 Shutter speed is prolonged up to 30 sec. with Slow Sync, Rear-Curtain Sync and Red-Eye
Reduction with Slow Sync.
*2 Shutter speed shifts automatically to 1/125 sec. when the shutter speed is set to faster than
1/125 sec. and the flash is fired (or attached optional Speedlight is turned on). In this case,
125 appears in the viewfinder and the selected shutter speed display blinks in the LCD panel.
*3 Flash shooting distance range depends on the ISO film speed of the film in use and
aperture selected. In Aperture-Priority Auto or Manual exposure mode, set the aperture
according to the flash shooting distance range table on page 83.
• Flash shooting distance range for built-in Speedlight
Flash shooting distance changes according to the film speed in use and
aperture setting.
ISO Film speed
25
50
100
200
400
800
Guide number
6
—
—
1.4
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
8.5
—
1.4
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
12
1.4
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
17
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
22
24
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
22
32
34
4
5.6
8
11
16
22
32
—
Aperture value
Flash shooting
distance range
(m)
2-8.5
1.4-6
1-4.2
0.7-3
0.6-2.1
0.6-1.5
0.6-1.1
0.6-0.8
• The maximum flash shooting distance can also be calculated by dividing the
guide number by the aperture value selected.
Example: When f/2.8 is selected with ISO 100 film using the camera’s built-in
Speedlight, the maximum flash shooting distance will be;
12 = approx. 4.2m
2.8
83
Speedlight
rotating the Main-Command Dial while pressing the
± button.
• The shutter cannot be released unless fi appears without blinking in the
viewfinder.
• fi in the viewfinder blinks approx. 3 sec. after full flash output. This may
indicate underexposure has occurred. Check the focus distance, aperture
or flash shooting distance range and shoot again.
• When the conditions for AF-Assist Illumination are met (page 43), the AFAssist Illuminator automatically turns on to guide autofocus.
• In Auto-Multi Progam exposure mode, the camera automatically controls
maximum available aperture according to the film speed. See page 87.
• Continuous shooting (˜) cannot be used in flash shooting.
• With VR Nikkor lenses, the vibration reduction function when shutter release
button is lightly pressed does not operate while the built-in Speedlight is
charging.
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 84
Usable Lenses with Built-In Speedlight
• Usable lenses with built-in Speedlight
• 28mm to 300mm CPU lenses can be used with the built-in Speedlight.
• Make sure to remove the lens hood.
• The built-in Speedlight cannot be used at shooting distance less than 0.6m. At
shorter shooting distances, we recommend using an optional Speedlight to
reduce vignetting.
• Vignetting occurs at the edges of the frame resulting in underexposure with the
following zoom lenses, which have limitations in usable focal length or shooting
distance (With colour print film, vignetting is reduced since the edges of the
frame are cropped out in film processing.):
Lens
Limitations
AF-S 17-35mm f/2.8 ED
35mm focal length at 1.5m or longer shooting distance.
AF 18-35mm f/3.5-4.5 IF-ED
28mm or longer focal length; and at 28mm, at 1m or longer shooting distance
AF 20-35mm f/2.8
28mm focal length at 2m or longer shooting distance or 35mm focal length at
0.7m or longer shooting distance
AF 24-85mm f/2.8-4
28mm or longer focal length; and at 28mm, at 1m or longer shooting distance
Flash Exposure Compensation
• Flash exposure compensation lets you intentionally change the correct
exposure computed by the Speedlight and the camera. For example,
you can highlight the main subject by increasing the flash output or
prevent the main subject from becoming too bright by decreasing the
flash output.
flash exposure compensation by rotating the
1 Set
Main-Command Dial while pressing the ˚ button
until the desired compensation value appears (–3 EV
to +1 EV in 1/2 steps).
Electronic analog exposure
display
–0.5 EV compensation
AF-S 24-85mm f/3.5-4.5G ED 28mm or longer focal length
28mm or longer focal length; and at 28mm, at 0.8m or longer shooting distance
AF-S 28-70mm f/2.8 ED
50mm or longer focal length; and at 50mm, at 0.8m or longer shooting distance
AF 28-85mm f/3.5-4.5
28mm or longer focal length; and at 28mm, at 2m or longer shooting distance
AF 28-100mm f/3.5-5.6G
28mm or longer focal length; and at 28mm, at 1m or longer shooting distance
AF 35-70mm f/2.8
35mm or longer focal length; and at 35mm, at 0.8m or longer shooting distance.
AF Micro 70-180mm
f/4.5-5.6 ED
70mm or longer focal length; and at 70mm, at 0.7m or longer shooting distance
* 28mm to 200mm non-CPU Nikkor lenses (AI-S, AI, AI-modified Nikkor) and
Series-E lenses except 200mm f/2 lens can be used with the built-in
Speedlight. However following lenses have limitations in usable focal length or
shooting distance:
• AI-S/AI 25-50mm f/4 (40mm or longer focal length; and at 40mm, at 0.8m or
longer shooting distance)
• AI-S 28-85mm f/3.5-4.5 (35mm or longer focal length)
• AI 35-70mm f/3.5 (35mm or longer focal length; and at 35mm, at 1m or longer
shooting distance)
• AI 28-45mm f/4.5 (28mm or longer focal length; and at 28mm, at 1m or longer
shooting distance)
• AI-modified 50-300mm f/4.5 (200mm or longer focal length)
• AI-S/AI 50-300mm f/4.5 (135mm or longer focal length)
• AI-S 80-200mm f/2.8 (105mm or longer focal length)
• AI-modified 85-250mm f/4 (135mm or longer focal length)
84
+1 EV compensation
• When the flash exposure compensation is set, ~ appears in the LCD
panel and viewfinder. The compensation value can be checked by pressing
the ˚ button.
• Normally, you should compensate exposure to the + side when the
background is brighter than your main subject, or to the – side when the
background is darker.
the built-in Speedlight by pressing the flash
2 Release
lock-release button, and set the flash sync mode and
exposure mode.
picture, focus and confirm fi appears in
3 Compose
viewfinder. Then make sure the subject is within the
flash shooting distance range and shoot.
• To cancel flash exposure compensation, rotate the Main-Command Dial
while pressing the ˚ button to reset the compensation value to 0.0.
Alternately, you can perform Two-Button Reset (page 76). (Turning the
power switch off does not cancel the flash exposure compensation
function.)
Speedlight
AF 24-120mm f/3.5-5.6
85
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 86
Usable Optional Speedlights
Flash mode
Speedlight
Le
ns
SB-80DX,
SB-28/28DX
(Cordless)
SB-50DX
(Cordless)
SB-27
(Cordless)
SB-26*5
(Cordless)
SB-25
(Cordless)
SB-24
(Cordless)
SB-29s/29*6
SB-23, SB-21B*6
(Cordless)
SB-30, SB-22s,
SB-22, SB-20,
SB-16B, SB-15
(Cordless)
SB-11*8, SB-14,
SB-140*9
TTL
A
3D MultiMultiSensor
Sensor Standard
TTL
Balanced Balanced flash*
2
Fill-Flash*1 Fill-Flash
Å
Í
Î
Å
Í
Î
Å
Í
Î
Å
Í
Î
Å
Í
Î
ÅÍ
Î
ÅÍ
R
R*1
R
R*1
R
R*1
R
R*1
R
R*1
R*1
R*7
Î
ÅÍ
R*7
R*7
π
¶
&
Red-Eye
Reduction*3
Non-TTL
Auto
Manual
Repeating
Flash
RearCurtain
Sync*3
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
Î
ÅÍ
Î
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
M
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
Monitor
PreFalsh*4
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
*1 Select metering system other than Spot.
*2 Standard TTL is performed with Spot Metering. Also, selecting Manual exposure mode automatically changes the TTL Auto
Flash mode to Standard TTL with Speedlights other than SB-80DX, 50DX, 28/28DX, 27, 26, 25 and 24 that are equipped with
TTL Auto Flash.
*3 Can be set from camera.
*4 When Spot metering is selected, Monitor Pre-Flash will not be fired.
*5 Wireless Slave Flash can be performed with the SB-26. Shutter speed is automatically controlled to slower than 1/90
sec. when the Wireless Slave Flash selector is set to D.
*6 With the SB-29s/29 and SB-21B, autofocus can only be used when an AF Micro-Nikkor (60mm, 105mm, 200mm and
70-180mm) is attached.
*7 Select exposure mode other than Manual or metering system other than Spot.
*8 TTL auto flash is possible with TTL Remote Cord SC-23.
In A or M flash mode, attach SU-2 to SC-13 with SB-11 and SB-14, or attach SU-3 to SC-13 with SB-140. SC-11 or
SC-15 can also be used; however, the ready-light does not appear in the viewfinder and the shutter speed does not
change automatically.
*9 Ultraviolet photography can be performed only when SB-140 is set to M. (Infrared photography cannot be performed.)
86
• Notes on using the optional Speedlight
• See your Speedlight manual for details. If the camera groups are defined in the
manual of the Speedlight with TTL Auto Flash, see the section for camera group I.
• Flash sync speed is 1/125 sec. or slower when using an optional Speedlight.
• Available film speeds for TTL Auto Flash are ISO 25 to ISO 1000.
• With the SB-26, 25 or 24, flash sync mode set on the Speedlight overrides the
setting on the camera body.
• When Red-Eye Reduction or Red-Eye Reduction with Slow Sync is set on a
camera attached with the SB-80DX, 28/28DX, 27 or 26, the Red-Eye
Reduction lamp of the Speedlight lights up.
• Even when the optional Speedlight with the AF-Assist Illuminator is attached,
AF-Assist Illuminator does not emit light unless the conditions for AF-Assist
Illumination are met (page 43).
• With SK-6 and SB-24 are attached, AF-Assist Illuminators of the camera body
and the Speedlight do not emit light.
• In Auto-Multi Progam exposure mode, the camera automatically controls the
maximum available aperture as follows in relation to the film speed:
ISO film speed
25
50 100 200 400 800 1000
Maximum Built-in Speedlight
2
2.4 2.8 3.3
4
4.8
—
available
Optional
Speedlight
2.8
3.3
4
4.8
5.6
6.7
6.7
aperture
* When film speed increases by one step, the maximum available aperture is
stopped down by 1/2 f/stop. If you are using a lens with a maximum
aperture smaller than that listed above, the automatically controlled aperture
range is from the lens’ maximum to minimum aperture.
• Use the optional Accessory Shoe Adaptor AS-15 to use the sync terminal
• When flash exposure compensation is set, ~ appears in the viewfinder
without the compensation value.
• ƒEE in the LCD panel and ¡ in the viewfinder blink and the shutter cannot be
released when the exposure mode is set to ¡ and attached Speedlight is not
set to TTL Auto Flash. Set the Speedlight flash mode to TTL, or set the
camera’s exposure mode to ™, £ or ¢.
• To cancel Monitor Pre-Flash when using the SB-80DX, 50DX, 28/28DX, 27, 26
or 25, select Spot metering.
• Using camera's built-in Speedlight and the SB-50DX, double-flash operation
and bounce-flash operation with double flash can be performed.
NOTE: Flash attachments made by manufacturers other than Nikon
Speedlight
• In the table, Å indicates D- or G-type Nikkor lenses (except IX-Nikkor),
Í indicates CPU Nikkor lens other than D- or G-type (except AF
Nikkor for F3AF) and Î indicates non-CPU Nikkor lenses.
Use only Nikon Speedlights. Other units may damage the camera’s electrical
circuit due to incompatible voltage requirements (not compatible with 250V
or higher), electric contact alignment or switch phase.
87
F80 (E)-Thailand
C
02.12.27 5:21 PM
O
L
Page 88
U
M
N
About Depth of F ield and F ocus Tracking
This camera is equipped with autofocus where focusing is
automatically executed by the camera. Basics of the relationship
between focus and depth of field and Focus Tracking are
explained in this section.
•Depth of field
When focusing, depth of field should be considered. Depth of field is the
zone of sharpest focus in front of and behind the subject on which the
lens is focused. It varies according to shooting distance, focal length and,
above all, aperture. Smaller apertures (larger f-numbers) will produce a
deeper depth of field where the background and foreground become
sharper; larger apertures (smaller f-numbers) will produce a shallower
depth of field where the background becomes blurred. Similarly, shorter
shooting distance or longer focal length will produce a shallower depth of
field, and longer shooting distance or shorter focal length will produce a
deeper depth of field. Note that depth of field tends to be shallower in
front of and deeper behind the subject in focus.
•Focus Tracking
When the focus mode selector is set to Single Servo AF (S) or Continuous
Servo AF (C) and the shutter release button is lightly pressed or AE-L/AFL button (when AF start in ·11 is selected) is kept pressed, the
camera automatically switches to Focus Tracking when a moving subject
is detected. Focus Tracking enables the camera to analyse the speed of
the moving subject according to the focus data detected, and to obtain
correct focus by anticipating the subject’s position—and driving the lens
to that position—at the exact moment of exposure.
In Single Servo AF, Focus Tracking is activated with a subject that has
been moving in advance to the focus detection, and focus is locked when
the subject stops moving and / appears in the viewfinder. In Continuous
Servo AF, camera continues to track subject (even with a subject which
started moving in the middle of the focus detection) and focus is not
locked.
C
88
O
L
U
M
DATA BACK
Imprint the date and/or time on photographs
with the data back of the Nikon F80D or
F80S, and also shooting data between
frames (F80S only).
N
89
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 90
Adjusting Da te and Time and Imprinting Da ta
• The F80D and F80S allow you to imprint Year/Month/Day,
Day/Hour/Minute (24-hour clock), Month/Day/Year or Day/Month/Year
on your picture (in any exposure mode).
Data imprint LCD panel
ADJUST button
2 Push SELECT button so year section starts blinking.
Data imprint LCD panel
ADJUST button
F80D
F80S
• Each time you push the SELECT button the blinking section moves in the
order of year, month and day. ’ indicates the year section (last two digits)
and M indicates the month section. (M is not imprinted on the picture.)
3 Push ADJUST button to set the year to “00”.
SELECT button
MODE button
SELECT button
MODE button
Shooting data imprint dial
• Adjusting date and time (Example: year 2000, April 21, 15:30; shows
the operation with F80D; same operation with F80S)
• Each time you push the ADJUST button the year section changes as
follows (between 1998 to 2049):
1 Push MODE button to select one of the date displays.
• To change the numerical indication rapidly, hold the ADJUST button down
for more than 1 sec.
• Each time you push the MODE button the display changes as follows:
Year/Month/Day Day/Hour/Minute
No imprint
Day/Month/Year
Month/Day/Year
• To set date choose display other than Day/Hour/Minute. With
Day/Hour/Minute display, only time can be set.
90
the newly adjusted date display appears without
blinking.
• Push the SELECT button until the date display stops blinking. When the
data imprint indicator — appears in the data imprint LCD panel,
91
date setting is complete.
Data Back
the month and day following steps 2 and 3. When
4 Set
the setting is complete, push the SELECT button so
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 92
Adjusting Da te and Time and Imprinting Da ta —continued
MODE button to select Day/Hour/Minute
5 Push
display.
6 Push SELECT button so hour section starts blinking.
• To set time to the precise second, push the SELECT button once at the
step 8 so : indication blinks. When the actual time coincides with the time
you have set, push the ADJUST button. The clock starts from 00 sec.
(Seconds are not displayed in the LCD panel.)
Example: To set the clock to 13:00:00:
Set the clock to 13:00. Push the SELECT button so : indication blinks.
When the time becomes exactly 13:00:00, push the ADJUST button to start
the clock at exactly 13:00:00.
• Batteries in the camera body also power the Quartz Date. Set the date and
time after installing batteries for the first time. When changing batteries,
date and time remain in the Quartz Date memory up to approx. 15 minutes
without batteries. If the date and time data are lost, reset them.
• Imprinting date/time
• Each time you push the SELECT button, the blinking section moves in the
order of hour, minute and : (colon).
Push MODE button to select date/time display and fully
depress the shutter release button to take a picture with
the imprinted date/time.
7 Push ADJUST button to set the hour to “15”.
the newly adjusted time display appears without
blinking.
Data Back
the minute following steps 6 and 7. When the
8 Set
setting is complete, push the SELECT button twice so
• The data displayed on the data imprint LCD will be imprinted on the
picture. Select -- -- -- (no imprint) to cancel data imprint. Compatible
film speeds for data imprinting are ISO32-3200.
• Data imprint indicator — blinks for approx. two to three sec. immediately
after the shutter is released (when a film is loaded).
Imprinted date/time
The illustration at right indicates the
position of the imprinted date/time on the
film. It may be difficult to read against
bright colours such as white or reddish
hues.
92
• Pushing the SELECT button once makes : blink and pushing it a second
time makes — appear. When — appears, the setting is complete.
93
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 94
Imprinting Shooting Data (F80S only)
• With the F80S, you can imprint shutter speed, aperture and selected
exposure compensation values between film frames (in any exposure
mode).
Select shooting data imprint by rotating the shooting
data imprint dial to $i.
• When a picture is taken, three shooting data—shutter speed and aperture
value displayed in the viewfinder and set exposure compensation value—are
imprinted between film frames. Note that the Bracketing value in the Auto
Exposure Bracketing is not imprinted. Also, Bracketing value is not added to
the imprinted compensation value.
• With non-CPU lens, aperture is imprinted as ƒ--.
• Compatible film speeds for shooting data imprinting are ISO25-3200.
• To fit into a slide mount, edges of the film and the imprinted shooting data may
be cut off in processing. To avoid this, make sure to have the film processed
without cutting.
• When shooting data imprint is selected, film advance speed may slow down
even when the film advance mode is set to continuous shooting. The film
advance speed varies with film sensitivity and temperature; it becomes slower
with slower film sensitivity and at lower temperatures.
• Liquid crystal illumination is used in imprinting shooting data. Due to slow
response characteristics of the liquid crystal, previous data may be imprinted
or data imprint may overlap. This tends to occur at lower temperatures. Make
sure to release the shutter after shooting data has changed especially with
continuous shooting. Also, correct data imprint may not be executed when the
brightness, shutter speed or aperture of each frame vary.
c 19: At initial setting, F80S automatically sets the film speed of the loaded
film when imprinting shooting data between film frames. However, it
can be changed to set manually (page 75).
* Custom Setting Menu 19 can only be selected when the shooting data imprint
between film frames is set on the camera.
94
MISCELLANEOUS
The Nikon F80/F80D/F80S is a highperformance, precision instrument, designed
to deliver superior pictures. You’ll want to
take good care of your camera to ensure the
best possible performance. Take time to
review this section thoroughly, as doing so
will add to your picture-taking pleasure.
We’ve also included information about
optional accessories and a detailed section
with technical specifications. Please read
these areas carefully.
95
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 96
Optional Accessories
Battery Pack MB-16
• With the Battery Pack MB-16, four 1.5V AA-type alkaline-manganese, lithium,
NiCd or Ni-MH batteries can be used to power the F80/F80D/F80S. When AAtype lithium batteries are used, usable number of film rolls increases and
maintains stable performance at low temperatures. (Film advance speed in
continuous shooting remains the same [as that of batteries installed only in the
camera body] with the MB-16.)
Eyepiece correction lenses
• Eyepiece correction lenses enable near- or far-sighted photographers to adjust
the eyepiece dioptre to suit their vision, and can be attached easily by
inserting onto the viewfinder eyepiece. Nine optional eyepiece correction
lenses provide viewfinder dioptre settings of –5, –4, –3, –2, 0, +0.5, +1, +2 and
+3m–1 (combined dioptre with setting on camera body). We recommend that
you actually look through the viewfinder with various correction lenses
attached before making a purchase, since viewfinder dioptre differs from one
person to another. Use the optional eyepiece correction lens when you need
eyepiece correction over –1.8 to +0.8m–1 that can be adjusted using the
F80/F80D/F80S’s dioptre adjustment lever.
The rubber eyecup cannot be used together with the eyepiece correction
lenses.
Lenses
• A wide variety of AF lenses — 14mm to 600mm wideangle, telephoto, zoom,
Micro or DC (Defocus image Control) — is available for the F80/F80D/F80S.
Filtres
• Nikon filtres can be divided into three types: screw-in, drop-in and rearinterchange. With the F80/F80D/F80S, the filtre factor need not be considered
except for the R60 filtre. Compensate exposure +1 EV when using the R60.
Note that when special filtres available from manufacturers other than Nikon
are used, autofocus or the electronic rangefinder may not operate properly.
• Use circular-polarising filtre C-PL instead of polarising filtre Polar. The linear
polarising filtre cannot be used with the F80/F80D/F80S.
• Use NC filtre when using the filtre to protect the lens.
• Moiré may occur when shooting a subject against bright light or if a bright light
source is in the frame. In this case, remove the filtre before shooting.
96
Cable release AR-3
• When the Cable Release AR-3 is attached to the release terminal of the F80/
F80D/F80S, camera shake can be reduced when shooting with slow shutter
speed such as in night scene photography, astronomical photography or
close-up photography.
Speedlight SB-28/SB-27
• Speedlight SB-28/SB-27 normally uses four AA-type alkaline-manganese
batteries with a guide number of 36 (SB-28) and 30 (SB-27) (manual flash, 35mm
zoom-head position, ISO 100, m, 20°C). Optional external power source
SD-7 and SD-8A or Power Bracket SK-6A (SB-28 only) can also be used.
• 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash, which enables natural-looking overall
exposures and a better balance between ambient light and the fill-flash (even
when a highly reflective object is located within the frame or the background is
non-reflective), is compatible with the SB-28/SB-27. Also, the AF Assist
Illuminator enables autofocus operation in a dark environment.
• Automatic power zoom continuously changes the zoom-head position
according to the lens’ focal length. Also, a variety of flashes, including Slow
Sync, Rear-Curtain Sync, non-TTL Auto Flash or manual flash are compatible
with the SB-28/SB-27. With SB-28, Repeating Flash is also available.
Wireless Slave Flash Controller SU-4 (with SG-2)
• TTL multi-flash, where a Speedlight to which Wireless Slave Flash Controller
SU-4 (with SG-2) is attached is fired simultaneously with the Speedlight attached
to the F80/F80D/F80S, can also be used. Use the Diffuser SG-2 supplied with
the SU-4. The Diffuser SG-1 cannot be used. If the SG-1 is supplied with your
SU-4, contact an authorised Nikon dealer or service centre.
• When using the built-in Speedlight of the F80/F80D/F80S as a master flash, cancel
the Monitor Pre-Flash by selecting Manual exposure mode or Spot metering.
Soft case (CF-59/CF-60)
• Two camera cases, CF-59 (for standard lens) and CF-60 (for telephoto lens) are
available for this camera.
CF-59: Camera body fits inside case with AF 28-200mm f/3.5-5.6D IF or
smaller lens attached.
CF-60: Camera body fits inside case with AF 75-240mm f/4.5-5.6D or smaller
lens attached.
Neckstraps/Handstrap AH-4
• Braid-type AN-4B (black) and AN-4Y (yellow), wide braid-type neckstrap
AN-6Y (yellow) and AN-6W (burgundy) neckstraps are available.
• Handstrap AH-4 helps you to hold the camera firmly and easily, and shoot in
quick-motion.
97
Miscellaneous
• A variety of optional accessories, including power source and
Speedlight are available for the F80/F80D/F80S.
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 98
Camera Car e
Use a blower brush to remove dirt and dust from the camera body and clean it
with a soft, clean cloth. After using the camera near seawater, wipe the camera
body with a soft, clean cloth slightly moistened with pure water to remove salt,
and then dry it with a dry cloth. NEVER use organic solvents like thinner or
benzene. They may damage the camera.
• Cleaning mirror and lens
Use a blower brush to remove dirt and dust from the mirror or lens. To remove
fingerprints or smudges from the lens’ surface, use a soft, clean cotton cloth or
lens tissue moistened with ethanol (alcohol) or lens cleaner.
• Do not subject the camera or lens to strong vibration or shock
Do not drop the camera body and lens or hit them against a hard surface as this
may damage their precision mechanism.
• Remove the batteries and store the camera with a desiccant
If you do not intend to use the camera for a long time, remove the batteries to
protect the camera from battery leakage.
• In a humid environment, store the camera inside a plastic bag with a desiccant
to keep out dust, moisture and salt. Note, however, that storing leather cases in
vinyl bags may cause the leather to deteriorate. Keep the batteries in a cool, dry
place away from heat or humidity.
• Change the desiccant occasionally since it does not absorb moisture effectively
after a while.
• Leaving the camera unused for a long period of time may cause mold to grow
and result in malfunction. Turn the power on and release the shutter a few times
once per month.
• To maintain the built-in Speedlight in peak condition, fire it a few times every
month. This will enable you to use the flash for many years.
• Do not touch the shutter curtains
The shutter is made of very thin curtains. Do not hold, poke, or blow strongly with
a blower brush. Doing so may scratch, deform or tear the shutter curtains.
• Avoid strong electric or magnetic fields
The camera may not function properly in strong electric or magnetic fields such
as near a transmitter tower. Avoid using the camera in such locations.
• Store the camera in a cool, dry place
Store the camera in a cool, dry place to prevent mold and mildew.
Keep it away from naphthalene or camphor (moth repellent), electrical appliances
that generate magnetic fields or an excessively hot place such as inside a vehicle
during the summer or near a heater.
• Avoid extreme temperature change
An extreme temperature change can cause condensation inside the camera body.
When taking the camera to a very hot place from a very cold place or vice versa,
place it inside an airtight container such as a plastic bag and leave it inside a
while to expose the camera gradually to the temperature change.
• Avoid water or moisture
Keep the camera away from water or moisture. When using the camera near
water, guard against splashes, especially salt water spray.
Nikon cannot be held responsible for any malfunction resulting from the use of
the camera other than as specified in this manual.
98
99
Miscellaneous
• Cleaning camera body
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 100
Notes on Batteries
Keep batteries out of children’s
reach.
WARNING
Do not leave
If someone accidentally swallows batteries,
call a doctor immediately.
• Use two CR123A or DL123A lithium batteries
Tr oubleshooting
LCD panel
Viewfinder
Cause
ƒEE blinks
ƒEE blinks
• CPU Nikkor lens other
than G-type is not set
to its minimum
aperture.
ƒEE blinks
¡ blinks
Turn the camera power off before changing batteries and insert the batteries with
´ and ‰ ends positioned correctly.
• Stains on the battery poles may cause lack of contact. Wipe the batteries well
with a dry cloth before installing.
M appears
• Use fresh batteries at low temperatures
Battery power diminishes at extremely low temperatures and the camera may not
function properly with old batteries. Use a fresh set of batteries at low
temperatures, keep spare batteries warm, and use them alternately.
• Film advance speed lowers and number of usable film rolls becomes less at low
temperatures. However, battery power may recover when the temperature
returns to normal.
—
• Batteries are nearing
exhaustion.
• Have fresh ones ready.
17
M blinks
—
• Batteries are just
about exhausted.
• Turn the power off and
replace batteries with
new ones.
17
M and Err
blink
Err blinks
• Batteries are
exhausted during film
rewind.
• Replace batteries with
new ones or recharge
batteries and turn the
power on again. If this
warning appears
frequently, contact
authorised Nikon dealer
or service centre.
17
ƒ-- blinks
ƒ-- blinks
• Non-CPU lens is
• Attach CPU lens
18, 34
attached or lens is not
(except IX-Nikkor).
attached.
With a non-CPU lens,
set the exposure mode
to M and set the
aperture with lens’
aperture ring.
Err and E blink
Err and
E blink
• Film is not correctly
advanced.
s, and
Err blink
Err blinks
E blinks when
exposure meter
is turned on
100
18
87
• Do not throw batteries into a fire or short circuit batteries
Do not throw batteries into a fire. Do not short, disassemble, heat or charge
batteries.
• Set lens to minimum
aperture.
Page
• Attached Speedlight is • Set the Speedlight
not set at TTL Auto
flash mode to TTL, or
Flash in P mode.
set the camera’s
exposure mode to S, A
or M.
Use two CR123A or DL123A lithium batteries.
• Change the batteries well before the end of their life and prepare spare batteries
before important photographic occasions.
• Turn the camera power off when changing batteries
Remedy
• Reload film.
• Film speed is set to
• Load DX-coded film or
DX and non-DX-coded
set the film speed
film is loaded.
manually.
E blinks when • Film remains in the
exposure meter camera after film
rewind is complete.
is turned on
• Remove the film
cartridge.
21
21, 36
29
101
Miscellaneous
F80 (E)-Thailand
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 102
Tr oubleshooting —continued
Viewfinder
End blinks
End blinks
—
/ blinks
HI appears
Lo appears
—
buLb blinks
102
HI appears
Lo appears
Cause
Page
LCD panel
Viewfinder
• The end of the film roll • Rewind film by pressing 29, 36
has been reached
the two film rewind
(When ·1 is
buttons „.
selected).
Shutter speed
indication blinks
125 appears • Shutter speed faster
than sync speed is
selected in S or M
mode.
• Autofocus is not
possible.
Remedy
• Focus manually.
Electronic • Subject brightness is
analog exposure beyond camera’s
exposure range.
display blinks
• When the subject is bright,
use ND filtre and when the
subject is dark, use flash.
The electronic analog
exposure display remains
blinking when the
Speedlight is used.
Remedy
Page
• Release the shutter as it
is to take a flash picture.
(Shutter speed
automatically shifts to
1/125 sec.)
82
47
• Overexposure warning • In P mode, use ND filtre. 50-55
(subject is too bright). • In S mode, select faster
52
shutter speed.
54
• In A mode, select smaller
aperture (larger fnumber).
(If the warning indication
remains after performing
above remedies in S or A
mode, use ND filtre as
well.)
• Underexposure
• In P mode, use flash.
warning (subject is too • In S mode, select slower
dark.).
shutter speed.
• In A mode, select larger
aperture (smaller fnumber).
(If the warning indication
remains after performing
above remedies in S or A
mode, use flash as well.)
Cause
50-55
52
54
—
fi blinks
for 3 sec.
after flash
• Flash has fired at full
output and
underexposure may
have occurred.
79, 83
• Shoot again after
confirming focus
distance, aperture or
flash shooting distance
range.
Err blinks
Err blinks
• Malfunction detected.
• Release shutter again.
If the warning
indication remains, or
this warning appears
frequently, contact
authorised Nikon dealer
or service centre.
o–– and
frame counter
blink
• Camera back is
o–– and
opened during film
frame counter
rewind.
blink
•Close the camera back
immediately and restart
rewinding film by
pressing the two „
buttons.
Miscellaneous
LCD panel
36
57
52, 65
buLb blinks • Shutter speed is set to • Cancel the buLb by
buLb in S mode.
selecting 30 sec. or faster
shutter speed, or select M
mode to perform Long
Time Exposure.
In certain cases, due to static electricity or poorly loaded batteries, the
F80/F80D/F80S’s microcomputer may turn the camera off, even with fresh,
properly installed batteries. For the same reason, the film may not advance
properly. In each of these cases, to resume operation, simply turn the power off,
then turn it on again. Or, remove and reinstall the batteries.
103
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 104
Type of camera
Exposure modes
Integral-motor autofocus 35mm single-lens reflex with electronically
controlled focal-plane shutter and built-in Speedlight
¡:
™:
£:
¢:
Auto-Multi Progam (Flexible Program possible)
Shutter-Priority Auto
Aperture-Priority Auto
Manual
Picture format
24 x 36mm (standard 35mm film format)
Lens mount
Nikon F mount (with AF coupling, AF contacts)
Lens
• D- or G-type AF Nikkor: All functions possible
• PC Micro-Nikkor 85mm f/2.8D: All functions except autofocus and
exposure modes other than Manual possible without shifting and/or
tilting the lens
• AF Nikkor other than D/G-type (except AF Nikkor for F3AF): All
functions except 3D Matrix Metering possible
• AI-P Nikkor: All functions except 3D Matrix Metering and autofocus
possible
• IX-Nikkor: Cannot be used
• Non-CPU: Usable in Manual exposure mode (exposure meter
cannot be used)
Electronic Rangefinder usable with lens with maximum aperture of
f/5.6 or faster
Instant-return type, with depth-of-field preview button
Autofocus
TTL phase detection, Nikon Multi-CAM900 autofocus module
• Detection range: EV –1 to EV 19 (ISO 100, at normal temperature)
Lens servo
• Single Servo AF (S), Continuous Servo AF (C), Manual focus (M)
• Focus Tracking automatically activated in subject’s status in Single
Servo AF (S) or Continuous Servo AF (C)
Focus area
One of five focus areas can be selected
AF Area mode
• Single Area AF
• Dynamic AF (Dynamic AF Mode with Closest Subject Priority is
available)
Focus lock
Focus is locked by pressing ‚ button or lightly pressing shutter
release button in Single Servo AF
Metering system
TTL full-aperture exposure metering system
Three metering systems selectable (limitations with lens used)
• 3D Matrix Metering
• Centre-Weighted Metering: Approx. 75% of the meter’s sensitivity
concentrated on the 12mm dia. circle
• Spot Metering: 4mm dia. circle (approx. 1% of entire frame)
Metering range
3D Matrix Metering:
EV 0-21
Centre-Weighted Metering:
EV 0-21
Spot Metering:
EV 3-21
(at normal temperature, ISO 100, f/1.4 lens)
to
Viewfinder
Fixed eye-level pentaprism, built-in dioptre adjustment
+0.8m–1)
Eyepoint
17mm (at –1.0m–1)
Exposure meter coupling CPU
Focusing screen
Clear Matte Screen II with focus brackets and On-Demand Grid Lines
able to display
Exposure compensation
Exposure compensated in ±3 EV range, in 1/2 steps
Viewfinder frame
coverage
Approx. 92%
Auto Exposure Lock
Detected exposure value locked by pressing ‚ button
Finder magnification
Approx. 0.75x with 50mm lens set to infinity (at –1.0m–1)
Auto Exposure
Bracketing
Bracketing range: ±2 EV; number of shots: two or three; bracketing
steps: 0.5, 1, 1.5 or 2 EV
Dioptre adjustment
–1.8m–1 to +0.8m–1
Film speed setting
Viewfinder
information
Focus indications, metering system, AE lock, shutter speed, aperture,
exposure mode, electronic analog exposure display/exposure
compensation display, exposure compensation, frame counter/
exposure compensation value, ready-light, multiple exposure, focus
area, flash exposure compensation,
five sets of focus brackets (area)/Spot Metering area, 12mmø
reference circle for Centre-Weighted metering, On-Demand Grid Lines
able to display
• DX or manual selectable
• Film speed range: DX: ISO25-5000, Manual: ISO 6-6400 in 1/3
steps
Reflex mirror
Automatic, instant-return type
104
(–1.8m–1
Lens aperture
105
Miscellaneous
Specifications
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 106
Film advance
• Automatic advance with built-in motor; ı, ˜ selectable
• Film advance speed (with Manual focus, Manual exposure mode,
shutter speed 1/125 sec. or faster [imprint data between film frames
not selected for F80S], 36-exposure film)
ı: One frame advance
˜: Continuous shooting
Approx. 2.5 fps (fresh batteries)
Film rewind
• Automatic rewind with built-in motor
• Rewind speed with 36-exposure film and fresh batteries:
High-speed film rewind: approx. 15 sec.,
Quiet film rewind: approx. 23 sec.
Controlled by five-segment TTL Multi Sensor
• Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash with TTL Multi Sensor:
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash and Multi-Sensor Balanced
Fill-Flash
• Standard TTL
• Film speed range: ISO 25-1000
* See pages 78-79 and 86-87 for details.
Multiple exposure
Activated using film advance mode dial
LCD panel information
(illuminator built-in)
DX indication, shutter speed/exposure compensation value, aperture,
exposure compensation, flash exposure compensation, Auto
Exposure Bracketing, Bracketing bar graphs, Custom, Flexible
Program, flash sync mode, AF Area mode, focus area, battery power,
frame counter
Flash sync mode
Front-Curtain Sync (normal sync), Red-Eye Reduction, Red-Eye
Reduction with Slow Sync, Slow Sync, Rear-Curtain Sync
Date/time imprint
function
(F80D/F80S only)
Ready-light
Lights up when flash fully charged with built-in Speedlight, SB-80DX,
SB-50DX, SB-30, SB-29s/29, SB-28/28DX, SB-27, SB-23, etc.; blinks
(3 sec. after flash) for full output warning
Built-in clock: 24-hour type with timing accuracy within ±90 seconds
a month; leap year adjustment until 2049
Usable film: ISO 32 to 3200 DX-coded film
Display mode: Year/Month/Day, Day/Hour/Minute, No Imprint,
Month/Day/Year and Day/Month/Year
Accessory shoe
Standard ISO-type hot-shoe contact (sync contact, ready-light
contact, TTL auto flash contact, monitor contact, GND), safety lock
provided
Shooting data
imprint function
(F80S only)
Selected/cancelled with shooting data imprint dial
Imprinted data: Shutter speed, aperture and exposure compensation
value (selected compensation value)
Imprinted location: Between film frames
Self-timer
Electronically controlled; timer duration: 10 sec.
Camera back
Depth-of-field
preview button
Stop-down lens aperture by pressing depth-of-field button
Hinged back with film confirmation window; AF Area mode selector,
focus area selector
F80D/F80S: Data imprint LCD panel/buttons
F80S: Shooting data imprint dial
Film loading
Film automatically advances to first frame when camera back is
closed (shutter and reflection mirror not activated)
Power source
Two CR123A or DL123A lithium batteries; optional Battery Pack
MB-16 is also available (for four AA-type alkaline-manganese, lithium,
NiCd or Ni-MH batteries)
Power switch
Power ON and OFF position
Exposure meter
Auto meter shut-off 6 sec. after power turned on if no operations are
performed; activated by lightly pressing shutter release button after
power is turned on
Battery power
confirmation
In LCD panel, with exposure meter on
• N for sufficient power
• M indicates batteries are nearing exhaustion
• Blinking M indicates batteries are just about exhausted
Shutter
Electronically controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Release terminal
Available on the shutter release button
Shutter speeds
• In ¡, £: 30 to 1/4000 sec.
• In ™: 30 to 1/4000 sec. (in 1/2 steps)
• In ¢: 30 to 1/4000 sec. (in 1/2 steps), buLb
Sync contact
X-contact only; flash synchronisation up to 1/125 sec.
Built-in Speedlight
Activated by pressing Speedlight lock-release button, guide number:
12 (at ISO 100, m); flash coverage: 28mm or longer lens; film speed
range: ISO 25 to ISO 800
Flash control
106
107
Miscellaneous
Specifications —continued
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 108
Specifications —continued
Without flash
At 20°C
At –10°C
Approx. 50
Approx. 35
At 20°C
At –10°C
Without flash
Approx. 40
Approx. 30
With flash for half
of all exposures
Approx. 12
Approx. 10
Two-Button Reset
Pressing the ¸ and ∆ buttons simultaneously and holding them for
more than 2 sec. resets various settings to their original initial settings
(with some exceptions)
Battery
Dimensions
(W x H x D)
F80:
Approx. 141.5 x 98.5 x 71mm
F80D: Approx. 141.5 x 98.5 x 71.5mm
F80S: Approx. 141.5 x 98.5 x 73.5mm
Weight
(without batteries)
F80:
Approx. 515g
F80D: Approx. 520g
F80S: Approx. 525g
Optional exclusive
accessories
Battery Pack MB-16, Soft case CF-59/60
Two 3V lithium
Temperature
+20°C
Tripod socket
19 (F80S) or 18 (F80/F80D) Custom Setting menus are available
(1) Automatic film rewind at the end of film roll
(2) Reset to DX film speed setting for new film
(3) Bracketing order
(4) On-Demand Grid Lines superimposition display
(5) Illumination for superimposition
(6) Focus area selection
(7) Auto Exposure Lock when shutter release button is lightly
pressed
(8) Auto film loading when camera back is closed
(9) Closest-subject-priority Dynamic AF in Single Servo AF
(10) Closest-subject-priority Dynamic AF in Continuous Servo AF
(11) AE-L/AF-L button
(12) Command Dial functions
(13) Film rewind
(14) Multiple exposure
(15) Time delay for auto meter-switch-off
(16) Self-timer duration
(17) LCD illuminates by pressing any function button
(18) AF-Assist Illuminator activation
(19) ISO film speed setting for data imprint between frames
With flash for half
Approx. 15
Approx. 10
of all exposures
After lightly pressing the shutter release button for 6 sec., autofocus operation using
an AF Zoom-Nikkor 28-80mm f/3.5-5.6D lens, covering the full range from infinity
(∞) to the closest distance and back to infinity (∞) before each shot, with a shutter
speed of 1/125 sec. or faster, after the exposure meter automatically turns off (2
sec., or 6 sec. with flash), the same operation follows for the next shot.
After lightly pressing the shutter release button for 6 sec., autofocus operation using
an AF Zoom-Nikkor 28-105mm f/3.5-4.5D IF lens, covering the full range from
infinity (∞) to the closest distance and back to infinity (∞) before each shot, with a
shutter speed of 1/125 sec. or faster, after the exposure meter automatically turns off
(2 sec., or 6 sec. with flash), the same operation follows for the next shot.
Duration of Long
Time (Bulb)
exposure
Custom Setting
1/4 (ISO1222)
Approx. 6 hours
Miscellaneous
Usable number of 36exposure film rolls
per set of two fresh
3V lithium batteries
All specifications apply when fresh batteries are used at normal temperature (20°C).
Specifications and design are subject to change without notice.
108
109
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 110
Index
A
D
L
S
AF Area mode ..........................22, 39-41
Depth of field.................................67, 88
LCD illuminator....................................66
Self-timer .............................................68
AF-Assist Illuminator...27, 31, 43, 83, 87
Dioptre adjustment..............................66
Long Time Exposure (Bulb).................65
Aperture-Priority Auto exposure
mode ....................................25, 54-55
Distance information ...............32, 48, 78
Shutter-Priority Auto exposure
mode ....................................25, 52-53
D-type Nikkor lens...18-19, 32, 34, 78, 86
M
Single Area AF mode ...............22, 39-42
DX-coded film ...............................20, 36
Manual exposure mode ...........25, 56-57
Dynamic AF mode ...................39-41, 42
Manual focus.................................46, 47
Dynamic AF Mode with Closest
Subject Priority.....................39-41, 42
Manual focus with electronic
rangefinder ......................................47
Auto Exposure Lock ......................58-59
Autofocus ................................22, 38, 46
Automatic Balanced Fill-Flash
with TTL Multi Sensor ..........78-79, 86
Single-frame shooting ...................21, 37
Single Servo AF ...........22, 38, 40-41, 88
Slow Sync flash...................................80
Spot Metering .........................32, 35, 49
Matrix Metering .................24, 32, 35, 48
Standard TTL flash ........................78-79
E
Maximum aperture......54, 56, 83, 87, 88
Sync shutter speed .............................82
Exposure compensation .....................60
Minimum aperture..............18, 50-56, 88
C
Exposure meter ...................................17
Monitor Pre-Flash................................78
Centre-Weighted Metering......32, 35, 49
Exposure metering
system............................32, 35, 48-49
Multiple exposure ..........................63-64
Auto-Multi Progam exposure
mode...............................24-25, 50-51
Continuous shooting ...........................37
Exposure mode..................24, 35, 50-57
Multi-Sensor Balanced
Fill-Flash.........................31, 78-79, 86
F
R
Film advance mode.......................21, 37
Ready-light ..................30, 79, 82-83, 85
Flash exposure compensation ............85
Rear-Curtain Sync .........................81, 86
Flash shooting distance range ............83
Red-Eye Reduction .......................81, 86
Flash sync mode............................80-81
Red-Eye Reduction with
Slow Sync..................................81, 86
Continuous Servo AF.........38, 40-41, 88
CPU Nikkor lens.....34-35, 78-79, 84, 86
Custom Setting ..............69-75, 112-113
Flexible Program .................................51
T
3D Multi-Sensor Balanced
Fill-Flash.........................31, 78-79, 86
3D 10-Segment Matrix
Metering ..............................32, 35, 48
Two-Button Reset................................76
Focus brackets (area) .....4, 5, 23, 27, 42
Focus Lock ..............................44-45, 46
Focus mode ............................22, 35, 38
Focus Tracking ..............................38, 88
Front-Curtain Sync........................30, 80
G
G-type Nikkor lens ..18-19, 32, 34, 78, 86
110
111
Miscellaneous
Auto Exposure Bracketing .............61-62
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 112
Custom Setting Menu
Options
Function
1
Automatic film rewind at the end of film
roll
0: Activated (initial setting)
1: Disabled
2
Reset to DX film speed setting for new
film
0: Activated (initial setting)
1: Disabled
Bracketing order
0: Metered value, under, over (initial
setting)
1: Under, metered value, over
13
On-Demand Grid Lines superimposition
display
0: Not displayed (initial setting)
1: Displayed
14
Illumination for superimposition
0: Automatically illuminated for low light
(initial setting)
1: Cancelled
2 : Always illuminated
3
4
5
Focus area selection
6
0: Normal selection (initial setting)
1: Enables successive rotation of focus
area selection
7
Auto Exposure Lock when shutter release
button is lightly pressed
0: Disabled (initial setting)
1: Activated
8
Auto film loading when camera back is
closed
0: Enabled (initial setting)
1: Disabled
9
Closest-subject-priority Dynamic AF in
Single Servo AF
0: Enabled (initial setting)
1: Disabled
10
Closest-subject-priority Dynamic AF in
Continuous Servo AF
0: Disabled (initial setting)
1: Enabled
AE-L/AF-L button
0:
1:
2:
3:
11
112
AE/AF simultaneous lock (initial setting)
Auto Exposure lock only
Autofocus lock only
Auto Exposure lock (remains locked
until button is pressed again)
4: AF operation only starts by pressing AEL/AF-L button
Options
Command Dial functions
0: Main-Command Dial for shutter speed;
Sub-Command Dial for aperture setting
(initial setting)
1: Main-Command Dial for aperture; SubCommand Dial for shutter speed setting
Film rewind
0: High-speed film rewind (initial setting)
1: Quiet film rewind
Multiple exposure
0: Single shutter release operation (initial
setting)
1: Continuous shutter release operation
Time delay for auto meter-switch-off
4:
6:
8:
16 :
4 sec.
6 sec. (initial setting)
8 sec.
16 sec.
Self-timer duration
2:
5:
10 :
20 :
2 sec.
5 sec.
10 sec. (initial setting)
20 sec.
17
LCD illuminates by pressing any function
button
0: Disabled (initial setting)
1: Activated
18
AF-Assist Illuminator activation
0: Activated (initial setting)
1: Disabled
12
15
16
ISO film speed setting for data imprint
between frames
19
0
1
2
3
4
5
:
:
:
:
:
:
Miscellaneous
Function
Automatically (initial setting)
Under ISO 25
ISO 32-80
ISO 100
ISO 125-200
Over ISO 250
To create Custom Setting: Set the exposure mode/Custom Setting dial to ·.
Rotate the Main-Command Dial to select menu number and rotate the SubCommand Dial to select desired option number. See pages 70-75 for details.
113
F80 (E)-Thailand
114
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 114
115
F80 (E)-Thailand
02.12.27 5:21 PM
Page 116
No reproduction in any form of this manual, in
whole or in part (except for brief quotation in
critical articles or reviews), may be made without
written authorisation from NIKON CORPORATION.
K
NIKON CORPORATION
FUJI BLDG., 2-3, MARUNOUCHI 3-CHOME,
CHIYODA-KU, TOKYO 100-8331, JAPAN
Printed in Thailand K2H02000501 (11)
Download PDF

advertising