Nikon | F4 | User's Manual | Nikon F4 User's Manual

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_ _ _ _ _ Instruction Manual _ _ _ __ _
CONTENTS--------------~-------------------------FOREWORD .................. . ... . . . ............. 4
NOMENCLATURE ..... ... .... . .. .. . . . .. . .. . .... 5-12
OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 13-27
MOUNTING THE LENS .. .. . . .... . . . . .... . .. ........ 13
INSTALLING BADERIES
................
14-17
CHECKING BADERY POWER .......... . •....... . 17-19
LOADING FILM ....... . . . ... . .. .... .. . . .... ... . 20-21
FUNCTION SETIING . . . . . . . .
......•...
22
SHOOTING . . . . . ... ..... ... .. .. . . ... .. ........ 23-25
. . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26-27
REWINDING FILM
CONTROLS IN DETAIL .. ............... . ... . . . . 28-78
FILM SPEED DIAL ..... ..... ...... . ..... .. . .... . 28-29
Using DX-Coded Film . . . ... . .. . . .. . .. ... . .. ...... 28
Manual Film Speed Setting .... . .. .. . . .. .... .. .. .. . 29
FILM ADVANCE MODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-31
Mode Selection . ......................... . ...... 31
FOCUS MODES
....................
32-43
Manual Focus with Electronic Range Finder . .
32-33
Manual Focus Using Clear Matte Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 34
Autofocus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
Autofocus Operation ....................... . .. 35-36
Focus Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 37-38
Taking Pictures with Main Subject Off-Center . . . . . . . 39-41
Special Focusing Situations ....................... 41
Autofocus with Optional Autofocus Speedlights ........ 42
Freeze Foc us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
EXPOSURE METERING SYSTEM S .. . . . . . .......... 44-47
..................
44
Matrix Metering .........
Center-Weighted Metering ..............•.......... 45
Spot Metering . ..... . ..... ... . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... .. . . 45
Metering System Selection ..... .. . .. . • . .. ...... 46-47
2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 48-59
EXPOSURE MODES ...
Manual Exposure Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 48-50
Prog rammed Auto Exposure Modes .... .. . . .. .. .. 51-53
Shutter-Priority Auto Exposure Mode . . . .. ... . . . . 54-56
Aperture-Priority Auto Exposu re Mode ....•....... 57-58
Stop-Down Exposure Metering .......... . .......... 59
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 60-66
In Automatic Exposu re Modes ..........•.... ... 60-62
AE- L (Auto Exposure Lock) Button ... . .. . .. . . .. . 60-61
Exposure Compensation Dial ...........•. ... . . . 62-63
In Manual Exposure Mode . . ...... . .... .. . ..... 64-65
Auto Exposu re Bracketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 66
SHUDER SPEED DIAL . . ...... .. . .... .. . .. . . . . . . 67-68
B Setting . . . ............... ... .... . . . . .. . . . ..... 67
T~~ ...........
~
X Setting . . . .. . . .. . .. .. .. . .. . .. .. . ... . .....
68
DEPTH -OF-FIELD PREVIEW BUDON ......... . ........ 69
METER COUPLING LEVER .......................... 70
MIRROR LOCKUP LEVER ................ . .... .. . . . . 71
SELF-TIMER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . • . .. 72
MULTIPLE EXPOSURE LEVER ................ . . I . • . . . 73
ALTERNATIVE SHUDER RELEASE BUDON ...... . ..... 74
SYNC TERMINAL . . ... ....... . .......... .... . ...... 75
VIEWFINDER ILLUMINATOR SWITCH . ................. 75
MULTI-METER FINDER DP-20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 76-78
77
Diopter Adjustment Knob . ... . ........... . . .. ..
Eyepiece Shutter Lever . .... .. .................... 77
Exposure Compensation Dial for Interchangeable
Focusing Screens .... . . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . .. .
78
Accessory Shoe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 78
FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 79-85
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash in Each Exposure Mode. 80-81
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash ......................... 82
Center-Weighted Fill-Flash ............ . . . . . . . . 82-83
Rear-Curtain Sync Flash Photography . .. ... . . ... . ... 84
Multiple Flash Photography.
. .............. 85
LENSES .... ............. ..... . . . .. . . ........ 86-87
Lens Compatibility Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 86-87
ACCESSORIES ........................ . . . ... 88-101
INTERCHANGEABLE VIEWFINDERS . . .... . ........ 88-89
INTERCHANGEABLE FOCUSING SCREENS . . . . . . . .. 90-91
Focusing Screen Selector Guide ... ... . . . ... . .... .. . 91
POWER SOURCES . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . ................ 92
OPTIONAL SPEEDLIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 93
OPTIONAL CAMERA BACKS ..... . . . . . ........... 94-95
VIEWING ACCESSOR IES ........................ 96-97
CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 98-99
REMOTE CONTROL ACCESSORIES ... . .. ... .... 100-101
CAMERA CARE TIPS ... . .................... 102-103
NOTES ON BATTERIES ........ . ............ 104-105
SPECIFICATIONS .......... . .. . . . ... . ....... 106-109
3
---------------FOREWORD --------------~
Thank you for purc hasing the F4. We're sure it will make photography more exciting and
rewarding than ever.
With a wealth of exciting new features, the Nikon F4 is designed to be as up to date as
you are in your approach to photography. Ultra-fast autofocus, versatile Matrix Metering,
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash, an unprecedented fast shutter speed of 1/ 8000 sec. and flash
sync speed of 1/250 sec. , top film advance speed of 5.7 fps, are just the beginning of
what you 'll discover in this ergonomically designed camera. At the same time, the F4
retains compatibility with virtually all Nikon lenses present and past, and a great many of
the accessories and attachments that make the Nikon System the most comprehensive
in all 35mm SLR photography.
We would like to think that the F4 is not only the fruit of Nikon's commitment to perfection, but is also Nikon's joint creation with everyone committed to fine photography,
including yourself.
Get to know your F4, but before using it, be sure to read this manual thoroughly.
-For F4 series cameras, Nikon offers two versions - Nikon F4s with High Speed Battery Pack
MB-21 containing six M-type batteries, and Nikon F4 with Battery Pack MB-20 containing
four M-type batteries.
4
NOMENCLATURE
CPU contacts
Aperture direct-readout window
Aperture coupling lever
LCD ill umination window (body side)
Self-timer indicator LED
Meter coupling lever release button
Mirror lockup lever
Sync terminal
Depth-of-field preview button
Lens mounting index
AF-UAE-L simultaneous lock
lever
Lens release button
AE-L button
Focus mode selector
AF-L button
Lens release pin
AF coupling
Meter coupling lever
Tripod socket
Reflex mirror
Guide hole
Lens mounting flange
5
Film advance mode index
Shutter speed dial lock release
Viewfinder illuminator switch
Shutter release button
Film advance mode selector
Finder release lever
Camera back lock lever
Film speed dial lock release
Film rewind crank
Film rewind knob
Alert LED
Shutter speed dial
Film rewind lever (R1)
Film advance mode selector
lock release
Exposure mode selector
Frame counter
Multiple exposure lever
Exposure compensation lock lever
Exposure compensation index
Exposure compensation dial
(R1) lock button
6
(R2) lock button
Film rewind lever (R2)
Film speed dial
Camera strap eyelet
Film take-up spool
Camera back hinge release
Camera strap eyelet
Film cartridge confirmation window
Film rewind fork
DX contacts
Film cartridge chamber
Film pressure plate
Release terminal
Shutter curtains
Data back contacts
Film guide rails
Camera back
Film pressure roller
Film leader index
Film sprocket
7
Multi-Meter Finder DP-20
Accessory shoe
Eyepiece shutter lever
Viewfinder eyepiece
M
Compensation value scale window
Shutter speed/metering system index
Diopter
LCD illumination window
(finder side)
8
selector
knob
Exposure compensation dial
for focusing screens
VIEWFINDER INFORMATION
ADR (Aperture Direct-Readout)
Focus indicators
Frame counter
Flash ready-light signal
Exposure compensation ind icator
Exposure compensation value
Body side display
[
~~--~----------~
Focus brackets
Note : This illustration shows all possible display
for reference only. During camera use, the
actual display will vary, depending on mode.
12mm-dia. reference circle
5mm -dia. reference circle
Finder side display
Aperture (PI S). A(A)
No ind ication (M)
P(P)
No indication (S / A/M)
AE- Iock indicator
S (S)
No indication (P/ A/M)
Metering system
Shutter speed
Electronic analog display (M)
No indication (P / SI A)
9
High Speed Battery Pack MB-21
Grip portion (MB-21G)
Shutter release button lock lever
Battery holder (MS-21)
Bottom portion (MB-21B)
Shutter release button
Shutter lock index
Remote terminal
Grip release lever
Tripod socket
Battery chamber
Mounting screw
LED indicators
Battery selector
Guide pin
Battery check button
10
Lock screw
Battery Pack MB-20
Battery chamber
Release lever
11
Lens (AF Nikkor 50mm f/1.4 )
Infrared compensation index
Distance/ aperture index
Focusing ring
Distance scale window
Depth-of-field indicators
Aperture ring
Meter coupling
CPU contacts
12
Distance scale
Minimum aperture lock
re scale
Aperture-direct-readout scale
OPERATION------------------------------------------MOUNTING THE LENS
Remove body cap and front and rear lens caps.
See page 86 for Nikon lens
compatibility chart.
Twist lens counterclockwise until it
securely locks into place, make sure not
to touch lens release button.
To remove
To remove lens, press and hold lens release button and turn
lens clockwise.
13
INSTALLING BATIERIES
With High Speed Battery Pack MB-21
r--~~~~::--l
Remove grip (MB-21G) by rotating grip release lever counterclockwise (to
3
4
€ ).
2
Install three AA-type alkaline-manganese or NiCd batteries with terminals
positioned as shown inside grip. Then
set the battery selector inside grip to
"LR6" for alkaline-manganese batteries,
or to "Ni-Cd" for NiCd batteries.
- When changing batteries, it is
not necessary to remove base
from camera body.
Remove battery holder (MS-21) from
bottom portion (MB-21B) .
14
Install three AA-type alkaline-manganese or NiCd batteries with terminals positioned
as shown inside battery holder.
5
Slide battery holder back into base until
it locks into place.
Attach grip to camera body and turn release lever clockwise until it stops.
e To remove base from camera body, rotate lock screw counterclockwi se using a coin.
eTo attach base to camera body, align mounting screw and
guide pin with camera's tripod socket and guide hole, then
rotate lock screw clockwise with your fingers. (Do not use
a coin, screwdriver etc.)
15
With Battery Pack MB-20
Rotate battery pack release lever counterclockwise (to e ), and remove battery pack.
Install four AA-type alkaline-manganese
batteries with terminals positioned as
shown inside battery pack.
Batteries with a "+" terminal
that exceeds 6mm in diameter
cannot be used.
Attach battery pack to camera body and turn release lever clockwise until it stops.
16
CHECKING BATIERY POWER
With High Speed Battery Pack MB-21
At temperatures around 20°C
(68°F), AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries give the highest
overall performance, including
faster advance rates and a greater
number of rolls of film. At lower
temperatures, however, the performance of alkaline-manganese
batteries deteriorates. For shooting
at low temperatures, it is advised
that you use NiCd batteries. (See
table on page 108).
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- - - - - - - - -. . (
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Ni,Cd e
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,
5
.
.' ....-.~-~,~-~
If only one LED comes on, replace
batteries.
Push the battery check button.
If both LEOs light up, power is sufficient.
You can also check batteries by
confirming that the viewfinder LCD
is on, in the same manner as
when using the MB-20 (see
next page).
If neither LED lights up, batteries are
exhausted or improperly loaded.
17
With Battery Pack MB-20
@
To switch camera on: while pressing
lock release, turn film advance mode
selector from L (lock) position to S, CH,
Cl, Cs or ~ .
Next, lightly press the shutter release button and confirm viewfinder LCD appears.
LCD stays on for approx. 16 sec. after you take your finger off button. This indicates
sufficient battery power.
-- m
. "
'
If it turns off immediately after you remove your finger from the button, replace batteries.
18
• The batteries operate both autofocus function and camera
motor; when operation becomes
noticeably slower, change
batteries.
• To conserve battery power when
not using the camera, be sure to
turn film advance mode selector
to L.
If the shutter does not operate and display does not appear in the viewfinder,
batteries are exhausted or improperly loaded.
19
LOADING FILM
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With OX-coded film, while pressing lock
release, set film speed index at Ox.
e Usable film speed range for
OX-coded film is ISO 25 to 5000,
- Wi th non-OX-coded film , set to
appropriate film speed from ISO
6 to 6400, For details on film
speed setting, see page 28,
20
While sliding camera back lock lever, lift
film rewind knob, The camera back will
pop open,
Insert film cartridge,
e Do not touch shutter curtains
with your finger or with film
leader.
e To avoid fogging film (especially
high-ISO film), do not load/
unload film in direct sunlight.
Pull film leader across to red film index
mark.
Check to ensure film is properly positioned with no slack, and close camera
back.
Fully depress shutter release button; film
automatically advances to frame 1.
During film loading, shutter does
not operate, helping save on
battery power. Additionally, the F4
uses a minimum length of film
leader, so you can expect to get a
full 36 exposures and, often, even
more.
21
FUNCTION SETIING
Focus mode:
Set focus mode selector to M (Manual Focus), S (Single Servo
Autofocus) or C (Continuous Servo Autofocus).
For details on focus mode, see page 32.
Metering system (with supplied standard Multi-Meter
Finder DP-20):
Set metering system selector to Matrix (:0:), Center-Weighted
( 0)) or Spot ( • ).
For details on metering system s and viewfind er information,
see page 44.
Exposure mode:
Film advance mode:
Set exposure mode selector to M (Manual), PH (High-Speed
Programmed Auto), P (Programmed Auto), S (Shutter-Priority
Auto) or A (Aperture-Priori ty Auto).
For details on exposure modes and viewfinder LCD, see
page 48.
Whi le pressing the lock release, set the film advance mode to
S (Single frame), CH (Continuous high speed), CL (Continu ous
low speed) or Cs (Continuous si lent).
For details on film advance mode, see page 30.
22
SHOOTING
2
c
~.
~
I~'
\ \
I
/
Position viewfinder focus brackets on
main subject.
In the manual focus mode, turn the lens focusing ring until the image in the viewfinder appears sharp and/or the electronic range finder in-focus indicator (e ) appears.
23
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In the autofocus mode, position autofocus sensor area on
subject, lightly press shutter release button and confirm infocus indicator LED (e ) appears in the viewfinder. (In Focus
Tracking, the in-focus LED does not appear - see page 37.)
Keep your hands off the lens focus ring when the focus mode
selector is set to S or C.
If ( ~) does not disappear, the subject is closer than the closest
focusing distance of the lens in use. Move back from the
subject.
24
In the S (Single Servo Autofocus) mode, the shutter can be
released only when the in-focus indicator LED appears; once
the LED appears, focus is locked as long as the shutter release
button is lightly pressed.
If the subject moves and the focusing distance changes,
refocus by briefly removing finger from shutter release button
and lightly pressing again to reactivate autofocus operation, or
use Continuous Servo Autofocus mode or Focus Tracking. See
pages 35 and 37.
Viewfinder Focusing Screen
(B-type screen supplied as
standard)
Manual focusing is accomplished
using either the clear matte field
(focus until you see a sharp image) or the Electronic Rangefinder
(focus until in-focus indicator is
visible). If you choose an optional
screen, additional focus and
composition aids are available.
For details, see page 91.
Confirm exposure.
For details on viewfinder information in
each exposure mode, see pages 50
to 58.
Fully depress shutter release button to
take a picture. Film will automatically
advance by one frame. Viewfinder LCD
frame counter advances by 1.
e lf any abnormality occurs during film advance, red alert LED blinks and
shutter locks. Open camera back and reload film .
e LCD indications turn off approx. 16 sec. after you remove your finger from the
shutter release button.
25
REWINDING FILM
Film advance stops automatically at end
of roll , and red LED lights up.
Power rewind
Turn film rewind levers (R1) and (R2) , while pressing respective lock release. This
starts film rewinding.
During film rewind , red LED blinks, frame counter counts backward and rewind knob
turns. After film rewind stops automatically, red LED turns off.
e Ta rewind film before reaching end of roll , follow the same procedure.
e Releasing the shutler after film rewind resets R1 lever. R2 lever is automatical ly reset when camera back is opened.
26
Manual rewind
To rewind film manually, pull out film rewind lever (R1), lift film rewind crank and turn
it in the direction of the arrow until the tension is gone, indicating the film leader is
rewound completely back into the cartridge.
Confirm that the R2 lever has returned to original position; if not, move it back into
place.
Open camera back and remove film
cartridge.
27
CONTROLS IN D E T A I L - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FILM SPEED DIAL
The F4 offers two ways to set film speed, depending on film in use.
OX-Coded Film
While pressing the lock release, set the film speed dial to OX.
Camera automatically senses film speed (ISO 25 to 5000) of
installed OX-coded film.
28
With dial set to OX, use only OX-coded film. If non-OX-coded
fi lm or film with a defective OX code is loaded, or no film is
loaded, lightly pressing the shutter release button causes the
red alert LEO to blink, and the shutler locks.
Manual Film Speed Setting
While pressing the lock release, set the film speed dial to the film's ISO number.
8 10
16 20
32 40
64 80
If OX-coded film is loaded, but the film
speed is set manually, the camera gives
priority to the manually set ISO number.
125
The scale on the dial has numbered settings for speeds from ISO 6 to 6400. Two
dots between each pair of ISO numbers stand for intermediate settings. Every position is locked in 1/3 EV steps. The table above shows the speeds for all intermediate
settings.
29
FILM ADVANCE MODES
The F4 has four automatic film advance modes.
Single-frame shooting (S)
Fully depressing the shutter release button takes one picture,
and immediately advances the film by one frame.
Continuous shooting (CH, CL, Cs)
Shots are taken continuously as long as the shutter release
button is depressed. Choose CH (Continuous high speed), CL
(Continuous low speed) or Cs (Continuous silent). Continuous
silent (silent means very quiet environment) is for times when
conditions require a minimum of operating noise.
The next table shows film advance speed in each Continuous
mode:
30
With High Speed
With Battery Pack
Battery Pack MB-21
MB-20
5.7 Irames per second
4.0 Ips
I CH
3.4 Ips'
3.3 Ips'
I CL
1.0 Ips
0.8 Ips
I Cs
For Continuous Servo Autolocus, with AF Zoom-Nlkkor 35-70mm 1/3.31/4.5 lens, new AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries, a shutter speed
01 1/250 sec. or laster, at normal term perature.
'Depends on brightness 01 available light.
- Continuous framing rates may vary with the autofocus mode
set to Single Servo because the shutter is released only when
the subject is in focus.
- With the autofocus mode set to Continuous Servo, the shutter
will fire when you press the shutter release button, regardless
of focus status. Autofocus will operate in CL mode when required focus adjustment is minimal. However, if considerable
focus adjustment time is necessary, there may not be sufficient time between frames for the required adjustment.
- For prolonged shooting at low temperatures, set the film
advance mode to S or CL (except with autofocus mode at
Continuous Servo). In these modes, the shutter charging
motor and film advance motor are driven sequentially to save
battery power.
Mode Selection
While pressing the lock release, rotate film advance mode
selector.
Note that the selector includes a self-timer setting ( ~ ).
31
FOCUS MODES
The advanced autofocus system of the F4 works even under
extremely low-light conditions - as low as EV minus 1. The
Electronic Rangefinder operates for both autofocus and
manual focusing. Manual focusing can also be accomplished
using the clear matte screen or any optional screen with an
optical rangefinder. Normally, the Electronic Rangefinder's ability to detect focus is superior to the human eye. However, there
are certain subjects that cannot be focused upon in any way such as shiny metallic subjects, blank walls, etc. In this case, X
appears and autofocus with an alternate subject at the same
distance or manual adjustment by estimating the distance is
recommended.
Manual Focus with Electronic Rangefinder
1. Set focus mode selector to M (manual). If lens has an A-M
switch, set to M.
Manual focus using the Electronic Rangefinder works with most
Nikon lenses, including AF Nikkor when operated manually.
(For a complete list of usable lenses, see lens compatibility
chart, page 86.) Lenses with a maximum aperture slower than
f/5.6 are not suitable for Electronic Rangefinder focusing, even
though focus indicator LEDs appear. Focus using clear matte
field or change focusing screen to J type.
2. Look inside viewfinder and position focus brackets on the
main subject.
Lightly press shutter release button.
32
3. Keeping shutter release button lightly pressed, rotate lens
focusing ring manually and watch focus indicator LEOs
inside the viewfinder.
e lf ~ arrow (rear focus) or ~ arrow (front focus) appears,
manually rotate lens focusing ring in the direction indicated until the in-focus indicator LED appears.
e lf ~ arrow does not disappear when you turn focus ring
counterclockwise to the limit, the subject is closer than the
closest focusing distance of the lens. Move away from the
subject.
4. Confirm in-focus indicator LED appears, then fully depress
shutter release button.
33
Manual Focus Using Clear
Matte Field
1. Set focus mode selector to M (manual).
2. Focus on subject using clear matte field.
34
Autofocus
Autofocus Operation
The F4 provides two autofocus modes - Single Servo
Autofocus (S) and Continuous Servo Autofocus (C).
Single Servo Autofocus (S)
In Single Servo Autofocus mode (S) , the shutter cannot be released until the subject is in focus; once the subject is in focus,
the focus stays locked for as long as the shutter release button
is lightly pressed.
Continuous Servo Autofocus (C)
The camera continues focusing for as long as you keep the
shutter release button lightly pressed. The shutter release button can be fully depressed anytime, regardless of focus status,
except when film advance mode selector is set to CL.
1. Set focus mode selector to either S or C.
11 the lens in use has an A-M switch, set switch to A.
2. Position viewfinder focus brackets on main subject.
35
3. Lightly press shutter release button to start Autofocus
function.
- In continuous shooting (CH, Cl , Cs) with the autofocus mode
set to Single Servo, autofocus operates between exposures
for as long as the shutter release button remains depressed.
If the shooting distance changes during shooting in Cs
mode, remove your finger from the shutter release button
then press to start autcJfocus again.
4 . Confirm the viewfinder in-focus indicator appears, then fully
depress shutter release button to take an in-focus picture.
- In Single Servo Autofocus, if in-focus indicator LED does
not appear and X appears, shutter locks.
- In Continuous Servo shooting, focusing sharpness
depends on subject speed and direction; autofocus may
not always operate fast enough to follow certain subjects,
so automatic Focus Tracking may be recommended - see
page 37.
36
Focus Tracking
When shooting a moving subject, with the focus mode set to
Continuous Servo Autofocus and the film advance mode to
Low-Speed Continuous (Cl), Focus Tracking is automatically
activated to ensure focused images. In Focus Tracking, the
camera analyzes the speed of the moving subject according
to focus detection data, and drives the autofocus lens by
anticipating the position of the subject at the exact moment of
exposure.
1. Set focus mode selector to C, and film advance mode to Cl.
2. Position viewfinder focus brackets on subject.
37
3. Lightly press shutter release button to start Focus Tracking.
4. Confirm both arrows ( ~ .... ) appear in the viewfinder, then
fully depress shutter release button to take an in-focus
picture.
- With Focus Tracking, even if the subject is in focus, the infocus indicator (e ) does not appear.
- If the subject speed becomes erratic, Focus Tracking will
be automatically deactivated and standard continuous
focusing will operate.
- Focus Tracking ability will vary according to subject's
brightness and movement, lens in use and shooting
distance.
- During Focus Tracking, the subject must remain within the
focus brackets.
38
Taking Pictures with Main Subject Off-Center
Single Servo Autofocus
1. Position focus brackets on subject and lightly press shutter
release button.
2. Confirm in-focus indicator LED appears
in the viewfinder.
3. Keeping the shutter release button lightly pressed, recompose, then fully depress shutter release button.
39
Continuous Servo Autofocus
Use AF-L (Autofocus Lock) button.
1. Position focus brackets on subject and lightly press the
shutter release button.
2. Keeping shutter release button lightly pressed, confirm infocus indicator LED appears, then depress AF-L button and
hold in.
40
3. With AF-L button depressed, recompose as desired and
fully depress shutter release button.
- With the AF-L button depressed, focus will be locked even
if you rem ove your finger from the shutter release button.
- AF-L button can also be used in Single Servo Autofocus
mode.
- Simultaneous use of AE-L (Auto Exposure Lock) button is
recommended. In this case, turn AF-UAE-L simultaneous
lock lever to ( •• ) and press AF-L button.
Special Focusing Situations
To successfully focus, whether using the F4's Electronic Rangefinder, an optical rangefinder, or a clear matte field, the subject
must be reasonably illuminated and have sufficient contrast. If
the focus-not-possible indicator X appears, manually focus by
estimating distance or choose an alternate focus target with
the same distance, lock focus, then recompose.
The following situations are examples that are difficult to focus
and require greater concentration to secure correct focus.
1) When shooting the following:
· Bright subject with a shiny surface, such as silver or
aluminum .
· Strongly backlit subject.
· Scene with variety of subjects located at different distances.
2) When using a linear polarizing filter, or special filter such as
a soft-focus filter. (A circular polarizing filter can be used for
autofocus operation.)
R60 (red) and 056 (orange) filters will interfere with Electronic Rangefinder and autofocus operation. When using
these filters, focus manually.
41
Autofocus with Optional Autofocus
Speedlights
Although the F4's autofocus works at lighting levels as low as
EV minus 1, performance may vary depending on subject detail and contrast. In dimmest light conditions, use Nikon speedlights during AF operation, if it is too dark. The speedlight's AF
Illuminator lights up only in the Single Servo Autofocus mode.
1. Mount Nikon Autofocus Speedlight S8-24, S8-23, S8-22 or
88-20 onto the F4's accessory shoe.
2. Compose picture through viewfinder and lightly press
shutter release button.
3. Speedlight's AF illuminator lights up and autofocus
operation begins.
- The focal lengths available when using AF Illuminator with AF
Nikkor lenses are 24mm to 105mm.
- For details, see Nikon speedlight instruction manual.
42
Freeze Focus
The optional Nikon Multi-Control Back MF-23 or 250-Exp.
Multi-Control Back MF-24, when attached to the F4, offers a
Freeze Focus function which automatically fires the shutter
when the subject enters a preset focus position. This feature is
especially convenient for manual focus with the F4's Electronic
Rangefinder. For details, see the MF-23 or MF-24's instruction
manual.
43
EXPOSURE METERING SYSTEMS
Sensitivity of Five Segments
The F4 features three types of exposure metering systemsMatrix, 60/40 Center-Weighted and Spot Metering.
When using the Multi-Meter Finder DP-20, the F4's supp li ed
standard finder, you can select either of three metering systems by setting the finder's selector to (:e:) for Matrix, (ce) ) for
Center-Weighted and ( e ) for Spot.
44
Matrix Metering (:.:)
This system is ideally suited for quick operation and for the
most dependable Auto Exposure contro l. It can also be used
for Manual metering and flash exposure control operation with
any Nikon TIL speedlight.
In Matrix Metering, the meter automatically provides the main
subject with correct exposure in virtual ly any li ghtin g situati on,
without the need of manual exposure compensation. The Matrix
Metering sensor determines scene brightness by dividing the
scene into five areas, analyzing each area for brightness and
scene contrast.
This metering system is available with the F4's supplied
standard Multi-Meter Finder DP-20.
Sensitivity of Center-Weighted
Metering
Sensitivity of Spot Meteri ng
Center-Weighted Metering ( Ce) )
Spot Metering (
Choose Center-Weighted Metering when you want to base
exposure on either Auto or Manual Exposure control for a
centrally located subject. Selecting Center-Weighted Metering
overrides Matrix Metering and co ncentrates 60% of the meter's
sensitivity into the center of the viewfi nder which is outlined by
a 12mm circle.
This metering system is avai lable with the F4's supplied
standard Multi-Meter Finder DP-20 and the optional AE Action
Finder DA-20.
For selective metering of tiny subjects or for advanced manual
metering techniques, use Spot Metering.
The area metered is represented by the approx. 5mm-diameter
circle in the center of the viewfinder. This metering system is
effective when precise measurement of a special portion of the
subject is required. The spot metering sensor is incorporated
in the F4's body, so Spot Metering is available with any of the
F4's interchangeable viewfinders.
e )
45
Metering System Selection
Matrix Metering
Set the metering system selector to either Matrix, CenterWeighted or Spot Metering, and confirm respective mark
appears in the viewfinder LCD. For available lenses for each
metering system, see page 86.
®
•
46
Center-Weighted Metering
Spot Metering
®
®
•
•
47
EXPOSURE MODES
Manual Exposure Mode
The F4 offers Manual (M), two Programmed Auto (PH, P),
Shutter-Priority Auto (S) and Aperture-Priority Auto (A) Exposure modes.
48
In the Manual Exposure mode, both shutter speed and aperture can be set manually to achieve the desired effect. Use fast
shutter speeds to stop the action, slower speeds to create
motion effects or fuuy outlines. Manually setting the exposure
mode also lets you control depth of field, either by softening
the background so the main subject of the picture stands out,
or by creating overall uniform sharpness.
~
IIllro"
~~Pf~
}f
161
•
01 I"
116
16 11 E 5.6
~
2.8 2 1.4
"'~~IIV
\,
• i
AFNIKKo!
/'
•
\
..
..
....
.
....
1. Set any of the click-stopped shutter speeds on the shutter speed dial (4 sec. to
2. Lightly press shutter release button.
1/ 8000 sec.); the lens aperture ring may be continuously adjusted (i.e., intermediate f/stops are usable) .
•
Ce)
: ,:' ': ,
om- = •
~
3. Adjust aperture and/or shutter speed referring to the Electronic Analog Display in
the viewfinder LCD.
The Electronic Analog Display range is +2EV to -2EV, in increments of 1/3EV.
49
With Multi-Meter Finder DP-20
With other finders
. =•
'_1.'_1.....
, , '-"-'+-/'
-"- . .
. =•
"L-:._;~:~_:_::_=:_11111
t
C )
Correct exposure
•
•
50
(e)
,-
0':'
C
•
I
Overexposure by 1-2/3 EV
C
•
!.. :
Underexposure by 1EV
_L-U,:",,::_..
_II1II
.::J-/.:....
'=_'1=:,...':..
-'
Dual Program Chart (e.g., 50mm f/1 .4 , ISO 100)
The EV (Exposure Value) chart demonstrates the difference
between the F4's normal and high-speed programs. Follow
either colored line to where it intersects a diagonal line. This
shows the combination of aperture (vertical line) and shutter
speed (horizontal line).
Programmed Auto Exposure Modes (PH , P)
Programmed auto operation is ideal for quick operation and is
the simplest method for exposure control. Together with Matrix
Metering, it is very reliable.
Programmed Auto Exposure modes can only be used with
lenses having a built-in CPU such as AF-Nikkor lenses and the
Nikkor 500mm fl4 P. For lenses without a CPU, exposure mode
is automatically set to Aperture-Priority Auto (A). Setting the
exposure mode to PH (high-speed program) or P (normal
program) lets you choose normal or high-speed program. For
a higher shutter speed, such as when using a telephoto lens,
or for shooting a fast-moving subject, PH is recommended.
Metering range EVO - ZI
;j)61/3
,,,/\'\
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-*~/'
~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-*~~.~
~
~~
~,
~~
~~
- - - Normal program
- - - High-speed program
51
1. Set lens to its minimum aperture (largest I·number).
With AF Nikkor lenses, lock lens aperture ring at its minimum setting. (See lens instruction manual.)
52
2. Lightly press shutter release button and confirm exposure in
the viewfinder.
Shutter speed is controlled steplessly from 30 to 1/8000
second. Controlled aperture value and shutter speed are
steplessly selected. They are indicated in the viewfinder LCD
in 1/2 EV steps.
With other finders
With Multi-Meter Finder
"
. .-'-'- " -I -':":
--'
,-
1 1_ _I
Correct exposure.
F I::, p
•
Overexposure; use fi lm with a lower ISO speed or use Nikon
NDfilter.
F L'-I P
•
Underexposure; use a Nikon speedlight or use fi lm with a
higher ISO speed.
Lens is not set to the smallest aperture setting. Set lens to
smallest apertu re.
•
(e)
,-,
,-,
•
Non-CPU lens is used; automatically shifts to A mode.
..'-'
,-
"p
...-.
,-,
a l:I: I: ) ~
I I,:":, "
53
Shutter-Priority Auto Exposure Mode (S)
Th is mode lets you choose shutter speeds manually. Use a fast
shutter speed to stop action, or create motion effects by choosing slower shutter speeds. The F4's microcomputer automatically selects the correct aperture to match the selected shutter
speed.
This mode is available with lenses havi ng a built-in CPU such
as AF Nikkors and the 500mm 114 P.
High shutter speed
Low shutter speed
54
1. Set lens to minimum aperture setting (largest I-number),
With AF Nikkor lenses, lock lens aperture ring at minimum
setting,
2. Rotate shutter speed dial to select desired shutter speed
within the range lrom 4 to 1/8000 sec, in 1 EV steps,
Slower speeds down to 30 sec, are only available in PH, P or
A mode,
3. Lightly press shutter release button and confirm exposure,
Aperture is controlled steplessly within the aperture range of the lens and indicated
in 1/2 EV steps,
55
With Multi-Meter Finder
With other finders
sl
Correct exposure
( l-l : )
sl
Overexposure; select higher shutter speed or use Nikon ND
filter.
(L ,:, )
sl
Underexposure; select slower shutter speed, or use a Nikon
speedlight.
sl
Lens is not set to the smallest aperture setting. Set lens to
smallest aperture.
I
Ce)
.-.,-,
..
..
..
I
leG)"
0:=:::: ) "
I I
1.__' "
I ':":
0 -_L-_....J
L
Non-CPU lens is used; automatically shifts to A mode.
"
56
1(::)"
Aperture-Priority Auto Exposure Mode (A)
This mode operates with all Nikon lenses. When used with any
optical system such as Reflex lens, microscope, telescope,
bellows, etc., the F4's microcomputer au tomatically selects the
correct shutter speed to match the aperture you set. Thi s is the
recommended mode when depth of field is your prime consideration. For less distinct backgrounds, as in portraitu re, use
larger apertures to obtain a shal low depth of field . For overall
sharp, clear pictures, as in scenic photography, use smaller
apertures.
Small aperture
57
With Multi-Meter Finder
:=:
Correct exposure
• ::.: C:-: : )
F:
•
•
•
Overexposure; select smaller aperture setting (larger I-number)
or use Nikon ND lilter.
F:
1. Set lens to desired I-number by rotating lens aperture ring.
Underexposure; select larger aperture setting or use a Nikon
speedlight.
" 0:,
With other finders
..
"
Correct exposure
':,
"
I () . .
Overexposure; select smaller aperture setting (larger I-number)
or use Nikon ND li lter.
2. Lightly press shutter release button and conlirm exposure.
Shutter speed is controlled steplessly lrom 30 to 1/8000
second and indicated in 1/2 EV steps.
58
"0
"
Underexposure; select larger aperture setting or use a Nikon
speedlight.
Stop-Down Exposure Metering
For lenses and other systems without automatic
diaphragms
When the automatic diaphragm ring does not couple with the
meter coupling lever of the camera, such as when using a
PC -Nikkor reflex mirror or bellows attachment, focusing should
be done with the lens wide open while exposure measurement
and shooting must be done with the lens stopped down.
In A mode:
Take the picture with the lens stopped down. With a PCNikkor, correct exposure must be determined before
shifting the perspective. To do this, first use the AE Lock;
the lens can then be shifted to take the shot.
In M mode:
Stop down the lens to determine the correct exposure, then
take the picture.
For lenses with fixed apertures
Because the aperture of a Reflex-Nikkor lens is fixed, in photomicrography or telescopic photography, it is impossible to
change the exposure by varying the aperture.
In A mode:
The F4's computer will automatically adjust the shutter
speed. Take the picture by simply depressing the shutter
release button.
In M mode:
Select the appropriate shutter speed (in 1 EV steps) for
correct exposure. If a correct exposure cannot be obtained,
use either an NO filter (if the scene is too bright) or supplementary illumination (if too dark).
59
EXPOSURE COMPENSATION
In Automatic Exposure Modes
AE-L (Auto Exposure Lock) Button
1. Set exposure mode to Programmed (PH, P), Shutter-Priority
Auto (S) or Aperture-Priority Auto (A).
2. Center main subject inside viewfinder
or move in closer.
60
3. Lightly press shutter release button, and confirm shutter
speed and aperture in the viewfinder.
1'_ _, @
I- ,:,c
4. While lightly pressing shutter release button, press AE-L
button and hold in.
,-,,-,
I
- While exposure is locked, "EL" appears in the viewfinder.
- In Single Servo AF mode, before releasing shutter, be sure to
refocus by briefly removing your finger from the shutter release button and lightly pressing again to reactivate au tofocus function .
- Simultaneous use of AF-L (Autofocus Lock) bu tton is recommended. In this case, turn AF-UAE-L simultaneous lock lever
to (•• ) and press AF-L button.
- This works best with either the Center-Weighted or Spot
Metering system; with Matrix Metering, exposure compensation is automatic.
5. Recompose and shoot.
61
®
Exposure Compensation Dial
Using the exposure compe nsation dial, you can compensate
exposure within the range of ±2EV in 1/3 EV increments.
Whi le sliding the lock release, rotate the exposure compensation dial to set desired compensation value. Th e dial is graduated in one-third stop increments. -1 and -2 indicate one
and two stops underexposure, respectively; +1 and +2 indicate
one and two stops overexposure.
Because the exposure compensation mark and value appear
in the viewfi nder when the shutter release button is lightly
pressed, you can set the compensation value with your eye on
your subject through the viewfinder.
62
• After use, reset dial to O. (. ) mark and compensation va lue
disappears.
• Exposure compensation can also be achieved by intentionally readjusting ISO film speed from its actual rating. See page
29.
(In Center-Weighted Metering)
-- --
Examples:
",'
+2EV
±OEV
-2/3EV
Without compensation
+2EV compensation
63
In Manual
Exposure Mode
1. Set exposure mode to Manual
(M).
2. Center main subject inside viewfinder, and lightly press
shutter release button.
= ).
3. Adjust shutter speed and aperture referring to the viewfinder LCD's Electronic Analog Display.
64
•
Ce) (:E ) c
=•
4 . Confirm shutter speed and aperture in the viewfinder.
5. Recompose and shoot.
65
Auto Exposure Bracketing
By attaching the optional Nikon Multi-Control Back MF-23 or
250-Exp. Multi-Control Back MF-24 to the F4, you can take
advantage of auto exposure bracketing to produce a variety
of exposures for the same subject, each one suiting specific
needs and/or tastes. This feature lets you shoot up to 19 continuous frames, each with a different exposure. For details, see
the MF-23 or MF-24 instruction manual.
66
SHUTIER SPEED DIAL
'=-.5
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•
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2000
4 00
0
60
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~
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I
.
The F4 features an electromagnetically controlled vertical-travel
focal plane shutter which consists of four front and four rear
curtains.
For Manual and Shutter-Priority Auto Exposure, you can set
any of 16 different shutter speeds from 4 sec. to 1/8000 sec.
Intermediate shutter speeds cannot be set. Three other settings
- B, T and X - are also possible. For P modes and A mode,
the shutter operates steplessly from 30 sec. to 1/8000 sec.
B Setting
At the "Bulb" setting, the shutter remains open as long as the
shutter release button remains depressed. This setting should
be used only in the Manual Exposure mode. Set shutter speed
dial to B.
67
T Setting
X Setting
On "T," the shutter stays open until the shutter speed dial is
rotated to another setting, making the setting ideal for really
long time exposures. Exposure mode is automatically set to
Manual. After shutter release, "T" will not cause battery drain
regardless of how long the shutter remains open.
"X" setting provides a top flash sync speed of 1/250 sec. with
Nikon speed lights. For assurance during flash shooting, set the
shutter speed dial to "X". To unlock, while pressing the lock
release button, shift the shutter speed dial to another setting.
Speedlight synchronization is also possible for dial-selected
speeds from 1/250 sec. and slower.
If "T" exposure is less than 32 sec., to complete exposure,
return mirror to viewing position and advance to next frame,
rotate shutter speed dial to any other setting. If "T" exposure is
32 sec. or longer, to complete exposure, turn shutter speed
dial to any other setting, lightly press shutter release button to
return mirror to viewing position and advance to next frame.
68
DEPTH-OF-FIELD PREVIEW BUTTON
!-'"II
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j
•
,
/1
f
-
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~
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:l~
0
:0
AF-L
.r
~
r
When a lens with an automatic diaphragm is used, the viewfinder image is viewed with the lens at maximum aperture. By
depressing the depth-of-field preview button, you stop the lens
down to the aperture set, enabling you to examine depth of
field before shooting. The viewfinder image normally darkens
as the aperture gets smaller. Portions of the picture that appear
in focus when the button is pressed are in the zone of sharpest
focus.
e Depth of field can only be previewed in the Aperture-Priority
Auto (A) or Manual (M) exposure modes.
e During preview, autofocus and Electronic Rangefinder operation are not possible.
e During preview with lenses with meter coupler, attaining
correct exposure is not possible, because exposure must be
determined by full-aperture metering.
69
METER COUPLING LEVER
Before mounting a non-AI Nikkor lens, be sure to push the
meter coupling lever release button and set the meter coupling
lever in the "up" position. Then perform stop-down exposure
metering (see page 59) .
Stop-down exposure metering cannot be performed in Spot
Metering.
70
MIRROR LOCKUP LEVER
A highly efficient, tungsten-alloy shutter balancer is incorporated in the shutter unit. The balancer operates during shutter
operation to overcome vibration normally caused by the shutter
curtain in other cameras.
When using super-telephoto lenses or doing photomicrography, it is necessary to reduce camera vibration to the absolute
minimum. To lock the reflex viewing mirror in the "up" position,
push in the depth-of-field preview button and rotate the mirror
lockup lever counterclockwise until it stops.
With the mirror locked up, you cannot operate the camera in
any Auto Exposure or autofocus mode, even though the viewfinder LCD may indicate otherwise. Any indication of light by
the LCD is a result of spurious light entering through the
viewfinder eyepiece.
71
SELF-TIMER
Using the 10-sec. self-timer activates autofocus and light meter
operation.
1. While pressing the lock release, set film advance mode
selector to self-timer ( ~ ) position.
2. Compose picture and confirm focus and exposure.
3. Fully depress shutter release button.
Self-timer LED starts blinking. During the final two seconds,
the LED blinks faster, warning you to get ready.
72
eTo cancel self-timer operation, turn the film advance mode
selector to another setting.
e ln self-timer operation, the shutter is released whether the
subject is in focus or not, even in the Single Servo Autofocus
mode, so lightly press the shutter release button first while
aiming the camera at the subject to secure correct focus.
e Exposure is conti nual ly monitored during self-timer operation
until just before the shutter fires. Use of eyepiece shutter or
eyepiece cover is recommended.
MULTIPLE EXPOSURE LEVER
Note that in multiple exposure operation, exposure compensation is required depending on subject brightness, background
brightness and number of exposures. You must determine the
necessary exposure compensation and make the adjustment.
To cancel multiple exposure before releasing shutter, push the
multiple exposure lever back to the original position.
As the name indicates, multiple exposures are two or more
exposures of one or more subjects on the same frame.
1. Pull the multiple exposure lever toward you and release the
shutter.
The film will not advance. Multiple exposure lever is automatically reset to the original position.
2. Depress the shutter release button again to take the second
shot.
Film will advance to the next frame.
For more than two shots on the same frame, pull the lever
before each additional exposure.
In continuous film advance modes, pull and hold the lever during exposures. Exposures are taken continuously on the same
frame as long as the shutter release button is fully depressed.
After the last desired exposure, return the multiple exposure
lever to its original position; unless you cover the lens before
releasing the shutter again, this shot will be the final exposure
in the series. The film is then advanced to the next frame.
73
ALTERNATIVE SHUTTER RELEASE BUTTON
A shutter release button is provided at the bottom of the High Speed Battery Pack
MB-21. This is convenient for vertical-format shooting.
74
When not using the MB-21's shutter
release button, set the lock lever - so
the red index is hidden - to prevent
unwanted shutter release.
SYNC TERMINAL
VIEWFINDER ILLUMINATOR SWITCH
A separate sync terminal is provided on the F4. It accepts all
standard PC-type plug-in sync cords, and is threaded for use
with a Nikon screw-in sync cord. Use this terminal to attach
flash units which do not have the standard ISO hot shoe.
When it's dark, use the viewfinder illuminator to light up all
viewfinder information. Turn the switch on, and lightly press the
shutter release button to illuminate the display. The illuminator
automatically switches off as the viewfinder display disappears;
it also momentarily switches off during exposure. Although the
illuminator is automatically switched off when the camera is set
to the L (lock) position, switch it off, when no longer needed, to
conserve power.
75
MULTI-METER FINDER DP-20
~
.,'
I
Niko n
The Multi-Meter Finder DP-20 is the F4's
standard finder.
To remove the finder, push the viewfind er release lever towards the finder
and, while holding in, slide the viewfinder, away from the lens.
• Before attaching/detaching the DP-20,
make sure the film advance mode
selector is set to L.
76
To attach the finder, slide the finder in
until it clicks into place.
Diopter Adjustment Knob
Eyepiece Shutter Lever
This knob enables near- or farsighted photographers to adjust
eyepiece diopter within a continuous range of from -3 to +1.
Pull the knob and rotate it to either direction until focused
image appears sharp, then push back. For diopters beyond
this range, Nikon eyepiece correction lenses for F3HP are
recommended.
During self-timer operation, in automatic exposure modes, use
the eyepiece shutter which prevents light from entering the
eyepiece and adversely affecting the automatic exposure meter
reading. Just turn the lever to the left to close the shutter. The
eyepiece shutter is painted red to provide a visual reminder
that it's in use.
77
Exposure Compensation Dial for
Interchangeable Focusing Screens
8ecause the light metering system is incorporated in the finder,
it may be necessary to compensate the measured value when
using a focusing screen other than the standard interchangeable Advanced Type 8 8riteView screen provided. Compensation is within the range from -2 to +0.5 EV in 0.5 EV steps.
To adjust, remove the finder from the camera body and rotate
the screw-like dial with the screwdriver provided, while referring
to the compensation value scale window and the instruction
manual for the screen concerned.
78
Accessory Shoe
Located at the top of the Multi-Meter Finder DP-20, the 180type hot shoe allows direct mounting of a wide range of Nikon
dedicated electronic speedlights, including 88-24, 88-23,
88-22,88-20,88-18,88-168 and 88-15. Other Nikon speedlights may be mounted with a compatible Nikon flash unit
coupler. Four electrical contacts in the shoe provide the following when used with a compatible Nikon speedlight: proper
synchronization of the flash unit, automatic flash output stop,
identification of a TIL flash unit, and both viewfinder ready-light
indication and automatic switching to the proper sync speeds
with Nikon dedicated speedlight units.
FLASHPHOTOGRAPHV-------------------------------Nikon dedicated electronic speed lights, including SB-24, SB-23, SB-22,
SB-20, SB-18, SB-16B and SB-15, take full advantage of the F4's built-in
computer, which automatically synchronize the camera's shutter speed
and lens aperture to provide precisely controlled exposures. This means
you can perform automatic balanced fil l-flash in TIL mode in every flash
shooting situation, for beautiful, naturally balanced exposure for foregrounds and backgrounds.
Using automatic balanced fi ll-flash, the F4 together with a Nikon speedlight
allows the photographer a choice of different flash techniques, such as
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash and Center-Weighted Fill-Flash.
~
SB-24
setting at TIL
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash in daylight
Metering
system
i!1l
SB-23/22/201
18/16B/15
at TIL
SB-24 , , ,
at TIL -i!1l-
' , ,
Exposure
mode
Matrix
Metering
PH/P/S/A
CenterWeighted
Metering
PH/P/S/A
M
M
Matri x
Balanced
Fill -Flash
CenterWeighted
Fill-Flash
Standard TIL
Flash
Spot Metering
The Nikon SB-24 Speedlight lets you take advantage of a special photographic technique called rear-curtain sync flash. For details, see page 84.
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash at night
79
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash in Each Exposure Mode
In Programmed Auto (PH, P) modes, the sync speed of
1/250 sec. has priority, but when the aperture reaches its
largest limit (variable according to ISO film speed), the program line fixes the shutter speed at 1/60 second. Aperture is
controlled between f/4 (at ISO 100) and the smallest available
lens aperture.
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash in P Mode
60
I
(In rear·curtain sync)
80
125 250 500 1000 200040008000
In Shutter-Priority Auto (5) mode, you can choose sync
speeds from 1/250 to 4 sec., enabling you to shoot, for
example, a cityscape of night lights, with automatic flash exposure for foreground subjects. Aperture is controlled between
the largest and smallest apertures of the lens.
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash in 5 Mode
In Aperture-Priority Auto (A) mode, you select aperture and
the camera selecls a suitable sync speed, within a range of
1/60 to 1/250 sec. (at any ISO film speed).
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash in A Mode
With Manual (M) , you control both aperture and shutter speed
while the flash exposure is determined by scene brightness
and contrast, with Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash control throughout.
e Although the slowest possible shutter speed for front-curtain
sync flash photography in TIL mode, with camera at PH, P or
A, is only 1/60 second, with rear-curtain sync flash photography, the shutter will operate as slowly as 30 seconds,
depending on the background brightness.
e ln the Sand M modes, when you select a shutter speed
faster than 1/250 sec., then turn the flash unit ON , the F4
automatical ly shifts to 1/250 sec.
1. 4
ZZ
3Z
(SEC) 30' IS'
\
8'
4'
Z'
Z
I'
4
8
15
30
60
125 250 500 1000 2000 . 000 8001)
I
(In rear-curtam sync)
81
Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash
Center-Weighted Fill-Flash
With the system set to Matrix, Matrix Balanced Fill-Flash is
avai lable.
Based on a combination of general scene brightness and contrast, the exposure value for the background is determined by
one of five computation methods: Low-Brightness Weighted,
Center-Segment, Average, High-Brightness Weighted, or VeryHigh-Brightness Weighted. Together with the background
exposure metering, the F4's microcomputer automatically
chooses one from five flash output levels determined by the
combination of brightness and degree of contrast. The result is
a balanced combinati on of ambient light and flash il lumination
that produces a natural-looking and pleasing effect.
For regular TIL flash photography, or to emphasize detailed
background areas, use Center-Weighted Fill-Flash. In this
mode, when the value measured by the center segment is
withi n the co ntrolled shutter speed/aperture range, flash output
compensation is automatically set for natural -looki ng fill-flash
photography. (If the value is less than that of the controlled
range, standard TIL flash without compensation is selected.)
82
Standard TTL Flash
In this mode, although exposure for the background is metered
by each metering system, flash output level is not determined
automatically. However, you can manually select flash output
compensation (on the 88-24) at levels from +1 to -3 EV, for
greater personal creativity.
- The usable film speed for TTL flash photography is 180
25-1000; for non-TTL flash photography, it is 6-6400.
- For details on speedlight operation, see the speedlight
instruction manual.
- Use Nikon 8peedlights. Other units may damage the
camera's electrical circuit due to incompatible voltage
requirements, electric contact alignment or switch
phase.
- When using a special speed light with a time-lag provision or when using a speed light with a long flash duration (Le., Medical-Nikkor 120mm 1/4), adjust shutter
speed down to 11 125 sec. or slower.
- When using a speed light that does not allow automatic
sync speed setting, set the camera's exposure mode
to Manual.
83
Rear-Curtain Sync Flash Photography
When using the Nikon SB-24, you can synchronize the flash to
the instant just before the rear (second) curtain starts moving.
Set the SB-24's flash sync mode selector to "REAR." This lets
you turn available light into a stream of light that follows the
flash illuminated subject. Rear-curtain sync flash photography
is especially effective at slower shutter speeds.
In PH, P or A mode, shutter will operate as slowly as 30
seconds, depending on the background brightness.
Front-curtain sync
84
Multiple Flash Photography
A number of Nikon speedlights can be used for TIL multiple
flash photography, each linked to the F4 via TIL remote or TIL
multi-flash sync cord. The camera body's built-in sensor automatically measures and controls the light fmm all units.
85
LENSES --------------------------------------------With AF-Nikkor lenses (except AF Nikkor lenses for F3AF) or some other lenses in combination with
the TC-16 or TC-16A autofocus teleconverter, the F4 provides full autofocus operation. Full manual focusing, or manual focusing with the F4's electronic rangefinder, is used with virtually all Nikon F-mount
Nikkor and Nikon lenses. Use the fol lowing table as a guide.
Lens Compatibility Chart
Focusi ng
Manual
Programmed
Autofocus w/electronic
Auto
rangefind er
AF Nikkor lenses
(except AF Nikkor lenses for F3AF)
AI-P-type Nikkor lenses
AI-Iype Nikkor lenses (i ncludi ng AI-S)
AI-modifi ed Nikkor lenses
Non-AI-type Nikkor lenses
Medical-Nikkor 120mm 1/4
Reflex Nikkor lenses
PC-Nikkor lenses
AF Teleconverter TC-16A
AF Teleconverter TC-16*
AI-S-type teleconverter
AI-type teleconverter
Bellows Focusing Altachment PB-6
PK-Seri es Rings
K Ring Set
o
Metering system
Manual
Matrix
Metering
CenlerWeighted
Spot
Melering
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L>I
L>2
L>2
L>2
L>2
0
0
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L>8
L>11
L>5
L>6
L>8
L>4
L>5
L>6
X
X
X
X
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L>7
L>17
L>1 8
L>7
L>17
L>18
L>1
X
X
X
X
X
0
L>I
L>I , IQ
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
L>3
L>3
L>3
L>3
L>3
Compatible
l:::. Compatible as per conditions
X Incompatible
* Cannot be used with the MB-21, MB-22 or MB-23.
86
Exposure mode
Shutter- AperturePriority
Priority
Auto
Auto
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
0
0
X
X
X
X
L>11
L>16
L>11
L>9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
L>14
L>12
L>14
L>15
L>13
L>15
X
1 With maxim um aperture faster than fl3.5, use TC-16A
Autofocus Converter. Incompatible with maximum aperture
of fl3.5 or slower.
2 With maximum aperture faster than f/5.6.
3 With maximum effective aperture faster than fl5.6.
4 With shutter speed set to 1/125 sec. or slower. Flash
necessary.
5 Aperture cannot be selected.
6 Exposure determined by presetting lens aperture. Exposure
must also be determined before shifting; in A mode, use
AE-L button before shifting.
7 Shutter should be released, after exposure measurement,
by stopping down PS-6.
8 Use stop-down measurement with Type S, E, K, J, or P
focusing screen.
9 Use full-aperture measurement with maximum aperture of
fll8 to fl2.8.
10 Focus lock button on TC-16 cannot be used.
11 Stop-down measurement possible. With aperture of f/5.6 or
slower, set exposure compensation dial (or focusing screen
exposure compensation dial for flash photography) to-l
With 400mm fl5.6 lens, compensate exposure to -1 when
the lens aperture is set at fl8 or slower.
12 For full-aperture measurement, set exposure compensation
dial (or focusing screen exposure compensation dial for
flash photography) to - l
13 For full-aperture measurement, set exposure compensation
dial to +l
14 1n stop-down measurement, set exposure compensation
dial (or focusing screen exposure compensation dial for
flash photography) to - l
15 In stop-down measurement, set exposure compensation
dial to +l
16 Exposure compensation necessary. (See focusing screen's
instruction sheet.)
17 Exposure compensation necessary for fu ll-aperture
measurement. (See footnote 12 or 13.)
18 Exposure compensation necessary for stop-down measurement. (See footnote 14 or 15.)
• The following Nikkor lenses cannot be used with the
F4s1F4 camera: All 8mm fl8, 16mm fl3.5 (No. 272281 290000), 28mm fl3.5 (No. 625611 - 999999), 35mm fl1.4
(No. 385001 - 400000), all 55mm fl1.2, all old-type Reflex
1000mm fl6.3, all 21mm fl4, all old-type PC 35mm fl3.5.
• The AF Teleconverter TC-16 (for F3AF) cannot be attached
to the F4s camera.
• To attach an old-type Reflex-Nikkor 500mm fl8 to an F4s
camera, turn the lens' tripod mounting col lar so it faces
the direction opposite the camera's grip (from the front of
the camera, it should face the right-hand side). To change
the camera/lens assembly from horizontal to vertical
position or vise versa, do not turn the assembly; turn the
tripod head.
87
ACCESSORIES---------------------------------------INTERCHANGEABLE VIEWFINDERS
In addition to the standard Multi-Meter Finder DP-20, the F4
accepts various other interchangeable viewfinders. To remove
the finder (see page 76), turn the viewfinder release lever and
slide the finder toward you. To attach the finder, slide the finder
as far as it goes.
The chart below shows the combi nation of viewfi nders and
metering systems.
--
Metering system
Finder
Multi-Meter Finder DP-20
AE Action Finder DA-20
6X High-Magnification Finder DW-21
Waist-Level Finder DW-20
88
Matrix
0
X
X
X
CenterWeighted
0
0
X
X
Spot
0
0
0
0
AE Action Finder DA-20
Perfect for situations where normal viewi ng is difficult or impossible, such as when wearing a helmet or goggles, or with the
camera encased in a special housing for underwater photography. Rubber hood and rubber eyepiece cover are provided.
6X High-Magnification Finder DW-21
For critical high-magnification close-up work and photomicrography. Its sophisticated optical system provides a clear, sharp
view of the entire image at full approx. 6X magnification. Fitted
with a -5 to +3 diopter adjustm ent for individual eyesight
correction, plus a rubber eyecup and rubber eyepiece cover.
Waist-Level Finder DW-20
For use when the F4 is used at a low angle or on a copystand.
FOld-up-type viewing hood provided. The built-in flip-up magnifier provides an approx. 5X magnification on the center of the
image for accurate focusing.
DW-21
DW-20
89
INTERCHANGEABLE FOCUSING SCREENS
Nikon offers you a choice of 13 interchangeable focusing screens. The
advanced B-type BriteView screen is
supplied with the F4 as standard equipment. The following is a chart listing all
interchangeable screens.
To remove the focusing screen, first remove the finder, then insert your fingernail
under the rear edge of the screen and lift it out.
To install a screen, simply insert the front edge under the central ridge, and push the
rear edge down into place.
90
Focusing Screen Selector Guide
Type B
Matte/Fresnel field with 5mm-dia, and 12mm-d ia,
reference circles and focus brackets, Good for general
photography,
Type E
Matte/Fresnel fie td with Smm-dia, and 12mm-dia, reference circles, focus brackets and etched horizontal
and vertica t lines, tdeat for architecturat photography,
Type U
Matte/Fresnel field wi th Smm-dia, and 12mm-dia,
reference circ les and focus brackets, Suitable with
telephoto lenses longer than 200mm,
TypeJ
Matte/Fresnel field with central 5mm -dia, microprism
focusing spot and 12mm-dia, circle, Good for general
photography,
Type F
Matte/Fresnel field with 5mm-dia, and 12mm-dia, reference ci rctes and foc us brackets, Suitabte with reilex
tenses and telephoto lenses tonger than 400mm,
Type K
Matte/Fresnel field with 3mm-dia, BriteView splitimage range find er spot surrounded by 1mm-wide
micropri sm doughnut. Rapid and accurate focusing
for subjects with both straight lines and ill-defined
contou rs, Su itable for general photography,
Type C
Fine-ground matte field with 5mm-dia, clear spot and
cross hair, For photomicrography, astrophotog raphy
and other high-magnification applications using
paratlax focusing on aeri al images,
Type P
Same as Type K but with BriteView spl it-image range
finder line at a 45° ang le and etched horizontal and
vertical lines as an aid to composition, Rapid and accurate focusing for subjects with horizontal or vertical
lines or ill-defi ned contours, Suitable for general
photography,
Fine-ground Fresnel field with 5mm-dia, clear spot
and cross hai r for use in parallax focus ing on aerial
images, plus mi llimeter scales for catc ulation of individuat magnification of objects or for measuring
objects, Brilliant image in dim light. Suitable for closeups, photomicrography and other high-magnification
appticati ons,
Type G
Clear Fresnel field with extra-bright 12mm-dia, microprism focusi ng spot for viewing and focusing in poor
light. Four models (G1, G2, G3, G4) available correspond to lenses with different focal tengths, Depth-offield preview not available,
8
~
91
POWER SOURCES
Nikon External Power Regulator MB-22
The MB-22 consists of the grip portion MB-21G, in common
with the MB-21, and the bottom portion MB-22B. The terminal
enables connection with Nikon AC/OC Converter MA-4 via
Nikon External Power Cord MC-11 . A regulator, which converts
the 15V current of the MA-4 to 8.2'1, and a remote terminal are
provided.
Nikon Multi-Power High-Speed Battery Pack MB-23
The complete system consists of unitized battery pack/hand
grip assembly and one-piece battery tray MS-23 for AA alkalinemanganese batteries or optional NiCd Battery Unit MN-20. A
remote terminal and the terminal for MF-24 back are provided
for the MB-23 as well as battery checker LEOs. Optional Quick
Charger MH-20 can charge up to two MN-20 units sequentially,
operate automatically with voltage from 100V to 240V.
Nikon AC/OC Converter MA-4 and External Power cord
MC-11
Especially recommended when using the F4 for extended
studio use. Supplies constant 15V OC current to MB-22. The
MC-11 Cord plugs into the external power terminal of the Nikon
External Power Regu lator MB-22.
MB- 22
MB-23
MA- 4 with MC-11
92
OPTIONAL SPEEDLIGHTS
Nikon Speedlight SB-24
The powerful 88-24 with built-in AF illuminator provides various balanced fill-flash capabilities. In addition, it offers more
flexibility and performance with the F4.
- The zoom head automatically adjusts to provide an angle of
coverage that matches the focal length of the lens in use.
- Flash output level can also be compensated on the 88-24.
- Repeating-flash mode lets you shoot a subject two or more
times consecutively on the same frame. You can select number of flashes, frequency and either 1/8 or 1/16 light output.
- With rear-curtain sync flash, you can synchronize the flash
with the instant the rear curtain starts moving. This turns
available light into a stream of light that follows the flashilluminated subject.
- All basic information is shown in the 88-24's own LCD.
TTL Remote Cord SC-17
For off-camera TIL flash with Nikon 8peedlight 88-24, 88-23,
88-22,88-218,88-20 or S8-168 and an F4 with viewfinder
DP-20 or DA-20. The SC-17 also enables use of S8-23, S8-22,
88-218,88-20,88-15, 88-11,88-14 or 88-140 (with TIL
Remote Cord 8C-23) as a master flash unit. Two terminals are
provided for TIL multiple flash photography.
TTL Remote Cord SC-23
Enables off-camera TIL flash with Nikon Speedlight S8-11,
88-14 or 88-140 and an F4 with viewfinder DP-20 or DA-20.
Nikon Speedlights SB-23/SB-22/SB-20
Each unit is equipped with an illuminator that enables autofocus even in total darkness. Various types of balanced fi ll-flash
photography and other operations possible.
TTL Remote Cord SC-24
Enables off-camera TIL auto flash operation with Nikon
8peedlight 88-24, S8-23, 88-22, 88-218, S8-20, 88-168 or
88-15 and an F4 with optional viewfinder DW-21 or DW-20. In
addition, by using the 8C-24 with Nikon TIL Remote Cord
8C-23, you can use Nikon 8peedlight 88-11, S8-14 or 88-140.
F4s with S8-24
93
OPTIONAL CAMERA BACKS
Nikon Multi-Control Back MF-23
The Multi-Control Back MF-23 enables the imprinting of any of
the fol lowing data: date, time, frame number, serial upcount
number, fixed number, shutter speed or aperture and exposure
compensation value. Choice of imprint location - on the picture, or between frames. In addition, the MF-23 enables the
camera to function in more advanced ways.
e lnterval Timer - commencement time, interval time, number
of shots taken and number of intervals can be input.
e Exposure Delay - remaining time before exposure and number of shots taken can be set.
e Long Time Exposure - you can choose any duration from
one second up to 999 hours, 999 minutes and 999 seconds.
e Auto Bracketing - you can shoot up to 19 continuous frames,
each with a different exposure.
e Freeze Focus - shutter is automatically released the moment
the subject is in focus.
e Daily alarm, film alarm, film stop, and more.
Some of these functions work in combination, thus enlarging
the F4's scope of applications.
94
(1'
-~r:
.' ~.,
C
Nllton
,
ce~,
Mf 23
_
o.or_
•••
Nikon Data Back MF-22
A compact alternative to the MF-23. It will either imprint the
data desired - year/month/day, day/hour/minute (24-hour
clock), month/day/year or day/month/year - or leave the film
blank, with no imprint.
Nikon 2S0-Exp. Multi-Control Back MF-24
Especially recommended for sports or scientific/industrial
applications. The MF-24 allows uninterrupted shooting of up to
250 exposures without changing film. Used with two Nikon
250-Exposure MZ-1 Magazines for loading up to 10m of bulk
film. Power sources for the MF-24 are Nikon High Speed
Battery Pack MB-21 or External Power Regulator MB-22.
I
C'''''''''~'~
Nikon
MF 22
....
MF-22
95
VIEWING ACCESSORIES
The F4's standard, supplied Multi-Meter Finder DP-20 accepts
the following accessories.
0000
Nikon Eyepiece Correction Lenses
Five lenses for Nikon F3HP - -3, -2, 0, +1 and +2 dioptersare available. When used with diopter adjustment dial of the
Multi-Meter Finder DP-20 the combined adjustment range will
be from -5 to +4 diopters.
Eyepiec e Correction Len ses
Nikon Rubber Eyecup DK-2
The eyecup prevents stray light from entering the viewfinder
from the rear and allows eyeglass wearers to use the F4
without fear of scratching their glasses.
DK-2
Nikon Right-Angle Viewing Attachment DR-3
Excellent for copy work, the DR-3 provides an upright, unreversed image for right-angle viewing with the DK-7. Individual
eyesight adjustments are possible.
DR-3
96
Nikon Eyepiece Magnifier OG-2
Provides 2x magnification of the central portion of the finder
image with Eyepiece Adapter DK-1. Eyesight adjustment provided. Useful for critical focusing in close-up photography.
Nikon Eyepiece Adapter OK-?
Lets you attach the DR-3 or DG-2 to the Multi-Meter Finder
DP-20's eyepiece.
DG - 2
DK-7
97
CLOSE-UP ACCESSORIES
Nikon Auto Extension Rings
Compact and lightweight, Nikon Auto Extension Rings slide on
and off your camera in seconds for a wide range of reproduction ratios. Models include the PK-11A, 12 and 13. Because
information on lens aperture is relayed via the PK ring to the
camera, th e exposure is determined by TIL full aperture
metering. Exposure modes usable: Aperture-Priority (A) Auto
Exposure or Manual (M).
Auto Extension Rings
Nikon Bellows Attachment PB-6
Mounts between the F4 and the lens for close-up and macro
photography. At the twist of a knob, you can vary lens extension at will, producing reproduction ratios from 1 : 1.1 up to 4 : 1
with a 50mm lens mounted normally. The lens can also be
mounted in reverse to maintain aberration correction in the
extreme close-up range. The PB-6 has a stop-down lever so
you can use stop-down metering. Exposure modes usable:
Aperture-Priority (A) Au to Exposure and Manual (M).
PB-6
98
Nikon Repro-Copy Outfit PF-4
Enables you to make high-quality photographic copies of
photographs, illustrations, drawings or diagrams.
'With Nikon High Speed Battery Pack MB-21, use of Nikon
Camera Holder Adapter PA-4 is required.
BR-2A
Nikon Macro Adapter Ring BR-2A
Fits between the camera and lens to enable lenses to be
mounted in reverse; an inexpensive means of obtaining a relatively high reproduction ratio. The BR-2A also increases the
working distance for normal or wideangle lenses.
Nikon Focusing Stage PG-2
Simplifies close-up focusing when using a tripod-mounted F4.
PF- 4
99
REMOTE CONTROL ACCESSORIES
The following accessories except AR-3 and AR-7 can be used
with Nikon High Speed Battery Pack MB-21 or External Power
Regulator MB-22.
Nikon Remote Cord with Button Release MC-12A
For remote control photography up to 3m (9.8 tt) away, the
MC-12A has a handgrip, trigger release button and trigger lock
lever that make operation convenient. Depressing the MC-12A
halfway turns on the camera's exposure meter; depressing fully
releases the shutter. Trigger lock lever provided also enables
time exposure with ease.
MC-12A
----
-Y-:iI·'·_'"
":G:::
__
'rMC-4A
Nikon Remote Cord MC-4A
The plug on one end of the MC-4A con nects to the MB-21 or
MB-22's remote-control socket; the other end has both plus
and minu s banana-type plugs. Used to fire several cameras
simultaneously.
Nikon Radio Control Set MW-2
Provides interference-free remote control up to 700m (2295 tt).
Three separate channels allow three cameras to be operated
automatically. Easy to handle.
Nikon Modulite Remote Control Set ML-2
Provides infrared light remote control for three separate
channels to enable automatic operation of motor-driven
cameras at distances up to 100 meters. Compact and easy
to handle. Wireless multiple flash operation is also possible.
MW-2
100
ML-2
Nikon Intervalometer MT-2
For unmanned time-lapse photography or work sampling.
Quartz-controlled MT-2 provides either 2 sec. or 16 sec. delay
shutter release, allowing time for focusing or flash recycling. It
can also be used with other remote-control devices.
. ....
'
. ::..
....
...... ~..
Nikon Cable Release AR-3 and Double Cable Release
AR-7
Essential for slow shutter speeds, these cable releases ensure
one-hand, shutter release operation. The AR-3 and AR-7 plug
into the release terminal of the camera body.
Nikon Pistol Grip Model 2 and Connecting Cord MC-3A
Nikon's special pistol grip can be screwed into either the
camera's tripod socket or the tripod mounting collar of a
super-telephoto lens to provide more stable handheld shooting. The MC-3A Cord plugs into the remote terminal of Nikon
High Speed Battery Pack MB-21 or Nikon External Power
Regulator MB-22.
Nikon Connecting Cords MC-17 and MC-17S
Either the MC-17 or MC-17S can be used to fire two cameras
almost simultaneously. The MC-17 is approx. 3m (9.8 tt) long;
the MC-17S, approx. G.4m (1.3 tt) . The 2SG-Exp. Multi-Control
Back MF-24 must be attached to the master camera.
. :::
.- .... - .' -.
.:::
..::.~.- _... ~
_1JTu,.--
~~
•
no
..-n __
."
JUl
•
••
MT-2
- '~~~==========:~~
AR-7
---------- ,. ,
AR- 3
MC- 17S
Pistol Grip Model 2
with MC-3A
101
CAMERA CARE T I P S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1. Avoid touching the reflex mirror or
focusing screen. Remove dust with a
2. Do not touch the shutter curtains.
3. Do not touch the OX contacts. Keep
clean with blower brush.
blower brush.
7. Clean the viewfinder eyepiece with a
soft, clean cloth. Do not use alcohol.
8. Clean glass surfaces such as the lens
with a blower brush; avoid using lens
tissue as much as possible. To remove
dirt and smudges, use soft cotton
moistened with pure alcohol and wipe
102
in a spiral motion from center to periphery. Be careful not to leave traces.
Caution
Spray gun-type blowers may damage
the glass if used to clean the lens, especially when ED glass is used for the front
lens element. To avoid damage, hold the
blower upright with its nozzle more than
30cm (12 in.) from the lens surface and
keep the nozzle moving so the stream of
air is not concentrated in one spot.
4 . Avoid leaving the camera in an
excessively hot place.
9. Do not lubricate the camera.
5. Keep the camera away from water or
excessive moisture. When using the
camera near water, guard against
splashes, especially saltwater spray.
6. If the camera malfunctions, remove
batteries and take it immediately to
an authorized Nikon dealer or service
center.
10. Store the camera in a cool, dry place
away from naphthalene or camphor
(moth repellents). In a humid environment, store the camera with a
dessicant inside a vinyl bag to keep
out dust, moisture and salt.
Note, however, that storing leather
goods in a vinyl bag may cause the
leather to deteriorate.
103
NOTES ON
BATTERIES----------------~
1. When not using the camera for a long
period, remove batteries.
2. Battery power falls off in extremely low temperatures; when shooting in such an
environment, make sure the batteries you use are fresh, and wrap the camera
body in something warm.
)(
6. Do not throw used batteries into a fire.
104
7. If the battery chamber is contaminated
by battery leakage, take the camera
to an authorized Nikon dealer.
3. Compared with regular batteries,
NiCd batteries provide greater efficiencyat low temperatures.
Before charging NiCd batteries,
through ly read the instructions for
batteries and battery charger.
4. When replacing batteries, be sure to
5. Keep batteries out of children's reach.
replace all batteries at the same time.
Always use fresh batteries of the
same brand.
Batteries with a "+" terminal exceeding 6mm in diameter cannot
be used.
105
SPECIFICATIONS- -Type of camera
Picture format
Lens mount
Lenses usable
Focus modes
Autofocus
Autofocus
detection system
Autofocus
detection range
Autofocus
actuation method
Autofocus lock
- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Integral-motor 35mm single-lens
reflex
24mm x 36mm (standard 35mm
fi lm format)
Nikon F mount
AF Nikkor lenses, and Nikon
F-mount lenses
Manual focus with electronic rangefinder and Autofocus
TIL phase detection system using
Nikon advanced AM200 autofocus
module
Approx. EV minus 1 to EV 18 at ISO
100 (under Nikon inspection
conditions)
Single Servo or Continuous Servo
Possible by lightly pressing shutter
release button in Single Servo AF
mode or by using AF-L button;
simultaneous use with AE-L button
possible
Electronic rangefinder Available in Manual focus mode with
AF Nikkor lenses, AI-type Nikkor
lenses including AI-modified Nikkor
lenses and non-AI-type Nikkor
lenses with a maximum aperture of
115.6 or faster
106
Matrix Metering (with Multi-Meter
Finder DP-20); Center-Weighted
Metering (with Multi-Meter Finder
DP-20 or AE Action Finder DA-20);
Spot Metering (with any finder)
Exposure meter switch Activated by lightly pressing shutter
release button; stays on for approx.
16 sec. after lifting finger from button
EV 0 to EV 21 at ISO 100 with f/1.4
Metering range
lens; EV 2 to EV 21 with Spot
Metering
Manual (M), and Programmed (PH,
Exposure control
P), Shutter-Priority (S) and AperturePriority (A) Auto Exposure
Auto exposure lock
Avai lable by pressing AE-L button
whi le meter is on
Possible using exposure compensaExposure
tion dial within ±2 EV range in 1/3
compensation
EV steps
Multiple exposure
Via lever
Depth-of-field
Provides visual verification of depth
preview button
of field; can be previewed in M or A
mode; coaxial with mirror lockup lever
Automatic instant-return type with
Reflex mirror
lockup faci lity
Electromagnetically controlled vertiShutter
cal-trave l foca l-p lane shutter; shutter
balancer incorporated
Electromagnetic shutter by magnet
Shutter release
trigger
Exposure metering
Shutter speeds
Lithium niobate oscillator-controlled;
controlled from 1/8000 to 30 sec.
steplessly in PH, P or A mode; set
from 1/8000 to 4 sec. in one EV
steps in M or S mode; B, T and X
(1/250 sec.)
Viewfinder
Nikon Multi-Meter Finder DP-20 provided as standard; fixed eyelevel
pentaprism high-eyepoint type; 0.7X
magnification with 50mm lens set at
infinity; approx. 100% frame coverage; metering system selector,
diopter adjustment knob, accessory
shoe, compensation dial for focusing
screens and eyepiece shutter lever
provided; interchangeable with Nikon
AE Action Finder DA-20, Nikon 6X
High-Magnification Finder DW-21
and Nikon Waist-Level Finder DW-20
Viewfinder information By LCD - exposure compensation
value, frame counter (additive type),
metering system in use, shutter
speed, aperture, exposure mode,
electronic analog display, AE-Lock
indicator; by ADR window - lens
aperture; by LED display - focus
indicators, exposure compensation
mark and flash ready-light. illuminator switch provided for dim-light
viewing
Eyepoint
Focusing screen
Film speed range
Film speed setting
Film loading
Film advance
Approx. 22mm
Nikon advanced B-type BriteView
screen with central focus brackets
for autofocus operation; interchangeable with 12 optional screens
ISO 25 to 5000 for DX-coded film;
ISO 6 to 6400 in 1/3 EV steps for
manual setting
At OX position, automatically set to
ISO speed of OX-coded fi lm used;
manual override possible
Film automatical ly advances to first
frame when shutter release button is
depressed once
In S (single frame) shooting mode,
film automatically advances one
frame when shutter is released; in
CH (Continuous high speed), Cl
(Continuous low speed) or Cs (Continuous silent) shooting mode, shots
are taken as long as shutter release
button is depressed; shooting speed
is approx. 5.7 Ips (CH), 3.4 Ips (Cl ) or
1.0 fps (Cs) - For Continuous Servo
Autofocus, with AF Zoom-Nikkor
35-70mm f/3.3-4.5 lens, new six
AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries, a shutter speed of 1/250 sec. or
faster, at normal temperature.
107
Frame counter
Two additive types provided - on top
of camera and inside viewfinder
(LCD)
Film rewind
Choice of automatic or manual; automatically rewinds when film rewind
levers (R1) and (R2) are used; takes
approx. 8 sec. per 36-exposure roll
(with six AA-type batteries); stops
automatically when film is rewound;
manual rewind when R1 lever is used
Self-timer
Electronically controlled 10 sec. exposure delay; blinking LED indicates
self-timer operation; cancelable
Camera back
Hinged back; interchangeable with
Nikon Multi-Control Back MF-23 or
Data Back MF-22
Accessory shoe
Standard ISO-type hot-shoe contact;
ready-light contact, TIL flash contact,
monitor contact
Flash synchronization 1/60 to 1/250 sec. in PH, P or A
mode; in M or S mode, shutter fires
at speed set, and when set from
1/250 to 1/8000 sec., shutter is automatically set to 1/250 sec.; down to
30 sec. shutter is available by using
SB-24 in rear-curtain sync in PH, P or
A mode
108
Flash ready-light
Viewfinder LED lights up when Nikon
dedicated speedlight is ready to fire;
blinks to warn of poor cameral
speed light con nection or insufficient
light for correct exposure
Possible with Nikon Autofocus
Autofocus flash
Speed lights SB-24, SB-23, SB-22 or
photography
SB-20
Nikon High Speed Battery Pack
Power source
MB-21 (six AA-type alkaline-manganese or NiCd batteries), Battery
Pack MB-20 (four AA-type alkalinemanganese batteries), External
Power Regu lator MB-22
Number of 3S-exposure film rolls per set of fresh
baHeries
At 20°C At -10°F)
Batteries
(S8°F)
(14°F)
High Speed Bat- Alkaline-manganese (LR6) approx.90 approx. 15
tery Pack MB-21 NiCd batteries (NiCd)
approx.70 approx. 35
Battery Pack
Alkaline-manganese (LR6) approx.30 approx. 5
MB-20
"For Continuous Servo Autofocus With AF Zoom-Nlkkor 35-70mm
f/3 .3-f/4.5 lens, film advance mode selector at CH and a shutter speed
of 1/250 sec. or faster.
Checking battery
power
Dimensions (WxHxD)
Weight (body only)
Battery power is sufficient if viewfinder LCD appears when shutter
release button is lightly pressed;
LCD remains on for approx. 16 sec.
after finger is removed from button;
battery power insufficient if LCD
turns off immediately after finger is
removed from shutter release button;
if no data appears and shutter does
not operate, batteries are exhausted
or improperly loaded
With High Speed Battery Pack
MB-21: 168.5 x 138.5 x 76.5mm
(6.6 x 5.4 x 3.0 in.), with Battery Pack
MB-20: 168.5 x 117.5 x 76.5mm
(6.6 x 4.6 x 3.0 in.)
With High Speed Battery Pack
MB-21: approx. 1280g (45.1 oz.), with
Battery Pack MB-20: approx. 1090g
(38.4 oz.)
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance
with the specifications set forth in Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. If this equipment does cause interference to radio
or television reception which can be determined by
turning the equipment on and off, use the equipment in
another location and/or utilize an electrical outlet different from that used by the receiver.
S:lecifications and designs are subject to change without notice.
"This digital apparatus does not exceed the (Class B)
limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regu lations of the
Canadian Department of Communications."
109
For multiple flash photography usi ng Nikon Speed lights,
if the electric current in the sync circuit exceeds a certain level, you may not be able to take a second picture
after taking the first. Take care that the combined total of
the coefficie nts (numbers shown in parentheses below)
for all of the speedlights used at anyone time does not
exceed 20 at 20°C/6soF (13 at 40°C/104°F).
S8-24 (1) S8-23 (4) S8-22 (6) S8-21 (4)
S8-20 (9) S8-19 (2) S8-1S (16) S8-17 (4)
S8-16 (4) S8-15 (4) S8-14 (1)
S8-12 (1)
S8-11 (1)
If you are unable to take a second pictu re, disconnect
master speed light from the F4, or turn each of the
speedlights off and on once.
The Nikon autofocus SLR system is designed based on
the premise that any of its components, such as the F4,
F-S01 / NSOOS', F-501 / N2020", F-401s/ N4004s", AF Nikkor
lenses, TC-16A Autofocus Converter, Nikon speedlights
and Nikon accessories will be used integrally, with one
another.
AF Nikkor lenses electronically communicate all the
necessary informati on required for perfect operation
within current and future Nikon autofocus SLR systems.
Nikon does not assume responsibility if malfunctions or
damage occurs to the F4 when lenses and/or accessories of other makers are used with it. For these reasons,
we reco mmend the use of AF Nikkor lenses and Nikon
system accessories.
• Exclusively sold in U.S.A.
•• Exclusively sold in U.S.A. and Canada
In certain cases, due to static electricity or poorly loaded
batteries, the F4's microcomputer may turn the camera
off, even with fresh, properly installed batteries. For the
same reason, fi lm may not advance properly. In each of
these cases, to resume operation, simply turn th e power
OFF and turn ON again, or remove batteries and install
again.
Nikon cannot be held responsible for any malfunction
resulting from the use of the camera other than as
specifi ed in this manual.
The shutter cannot be released while camera back is
open. If for some reason you need to release the shutter
with the camera back open, consult a Nikon service
facility. Also, be sure to set the shutter speed to 1/250
sec. or higher; do not set to 11125 sec. or slower.
110
!
I
No reproduction in any form of this manual, in
whole or in part (except for brief quotation in critical
articles or reviews), may be made without written
authorizati on from NIKON CORPORATION.
. . . . . . . . . . . . .Nikon . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
NIKON CORPORATION
FUJI BLDG ., 2-3, MARUNOUCHI 3-CHOME, CHIYODA-KU, TOKYO 100,.JAPAN
PHONE: 81 -3-3214-5311 TELEX: NIKON J22601 FAX: 81-3-3201 -5856
Printed in Japan 9&141-804 (S155)
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