Nikon | Switch SB-10 | User's Manual | Nikon Switch SB-10 User's Manual

Battery com partment
Exposure calcul ator
Shooting mode indicator
Shooting mode se lector
Ligh t se nsor
Flash lamp
Power sw itch
Op en -fl ash button
Sync socket
Locking nut
Mounting foot
Ready-I ight contact
Foreword . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5
Settingup ... .. ... .. .... . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Installing th e batteries . . . . . .. .. . . .. .. 6
Attaching the 58·10 to the camera . . . . . . . 7
Flash synchronization ... .... . . . . . . . .. . 9
Automatic exposure operation .. .... .. .. . 12
Exposure calculator .... . . . . . . . .. .... 12
Setting the f/ number . ....• ... . . . . . . . 14
The reflector ... . . . .... .... . . .. . . .. . 15
'Red Eyes' phen o menon .. . ... ... . .... . . 15
Taking an auto f lash photograph ... .... . .. 16
Ready-light/open-flash button ... .. . .... 16
Ready-light in t he FE camera finder . . . . . . 17
Manual overr id e .. .. . . . . . ... . ... .. ... 17
Multipl e flash operatio n ... .. . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Accesso ries . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . 20
Features/specifications . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . 22
Camera/ speed light combi nation chart ... . ... 23
The Nikon Speedlight SB-10 brings you the advantage of lightweight, compactness and advanced circuitry. The use of a seriescircuit configuration employing silicon-controlled rectifiers ensures that the unit retains all the unused charge in the capacitor
for ultra-rapid recycling. When working at a distance of 1 meter
and an aperture of f/4 (ASA 100 fil m speed), for instance, recycling time is less than 1 second on automatic operation . Also, since
the unused charge in the capacitor is conserved, less battery
power is required, and you get more flashes per battery load.
Despite the unit's small size, there is no loss of illumination
power. An advanced reflector design, coupled with a high-output
flash lamp, gives corner-to-corner brightness and even illumination. An accessory clip-on diffuser extends flash coverage up to
67 ° horizontally and 48° vertically, perfect for use with 28mm
wideangle lenses. Additionally, the SB-10 has a built-in readylight contact for exclusive use with the Nikon FE camera. This
unique feature provides for greater convenience in flash photography .
To obtain the best results from this unit, read this instruction
manual carefully before use. Keep this booklet handy for quick
reference until you have fully mastered operation. A few minutes
of preparation will help you avoid costly mistakes.
Install ing the Batteries
Power is supplied by four 1.5V AA-type batteries. To install the batteries, first depress
the knurled surfaces on the top and bottom of
the unit. The Battery Holder MS-2 will then
pop out at the side . Next, Iift out the holder
and insert four batteries, making sure that
the positive and negative (+ and - ) terminals
are installed according to the diagram inside the
ho lder . To replace the battery holder, slip it
into the battery compartment until it clicks
into place . If you foresee not using your speedlight for some time, it is advisable to remove
the batteries for separate storage . This will eliminate the risk of damage caused by leaking
batteries .
Attaching the S8-1O to the Camera
Nikon FE:, EL2 and FM, and Nikkormat EL,
ELW, FT2 and FT3
Turn the locking nut on the mounting foot
until it reaches the upper limit. Next, slide the
mounting foot forward onto the camer a 's
accessory shoe as far as it will go . Then retighten the locking nut to prevent the unit
from accidentally slipping off.
Nikon F2-series and F cameras
First, mount the Flash Un it Cou pier AS-' on
the camera's accessory shoe . Next, turn the
locking nut on the mounting foot of the 58-' 0
until it reaches the upper limit. Then slide the
mounting foot forward onto the accessory shoe
of the AS-' as far as it will go . Retighten the
locking nut to prevent the unit from accidentally slipping off.
Nikon R 10 and R8 Super Zoom
First, plug the Sync Cord SC-7 into the sync
socket on the 58-' O. Next, turn the locking
nut on the mounting foot until it reaches the
upper limit . Slide the mounting foot forward
onto the camera's accessory shoe as far as it
will go. Then retighten the locking nut to prevent the unit from accidentally slipping off.
I nsert the sync cord contact point into the
speedlight sync terminal (7) on the camera.
Nikon FE
When the camera is in automatic mode, mounting the 58-10 unit onto the FE camera body
and turning on both the unit and the camera's
meter automatically set the shutter speed of the
camera at 1/90 second. And when the readylight built into the eyepiece of the FE camera
glows, it indicates readiness for flash shooting.
When in manual mode, set the shutter speed
at 1/125 sec. or slower . Turn on the unit and
when the ready-light lights up, you are ready
for flash photography. When the shutter speed
is set beyond the camera's sync range, the
ready-light flickers as a sync warning signal .
However, it is kept lit if the film-advance lever
is depressed (i .e ., turning off the meter).
The built-in hot shoe contact eliminates the
need for a sync cord.
With the Nikkormat EL and ELW, first set the
shutter speed at 1/125 sec. or slower. Then lift
and turn the knurled sync selector ring around
the shu tter-speed di al u nti I the Iigh tn ing symbol
(7') appears in the selector window. A hotshoe contact built into the mounting foot of
the 58-10 eliminates the need for a sync cord.
With the Nikon EL2 . and FM, and Nikkormat
FT2 and FT3, set the camera shutter speed for
1/125 sec. or slower. Due to the built-in automatic sync switchover mechanism, this is the
only step necessary to ensure proper flash
operation. The built-in hot shoe contact eliminates the need for a sync cord.
With the N ikon F2-series camera, a bu i It-in
selector mechanism controls the speedlight sync
adjustment automatical ly as you change shutter
speeds: simply rotate the shutter-speed dial to
the desired setting slower than 1/ 80 sec . The
red line between 1/ 60 and 1/ 125 indicates 1/ 80
sec. A hot-shoe contact built into the mounting
foot of the 58-10 eliminates the need for a sync
cord, although the unit requires the Flash Unit
Coupler AS-' for use with F2-series cameras .
With the Nikon F, the sync selector is used to
adjust the camera for use with speed lights. First
set the shutter speed at 1/ 60 sec. or slower.
Then Iift and turn the knurled sync se lector
ring around the shutter-speed dial of the camera
until the FX mark appears in the se lector
window. (The Photomic FTN finder must be
removed to gain access to t he sync selector
ring.) A hot-shoe contact built into the mounting foot of the 58-10 eliminates the need for
a sync cord, a lthough the unit requires the
Flash Unit Coup ler AS-1 for use with the
Nikon F.
R 10 and R8 Super Zoom
Flash synchronization is possible only with
single-frame shooting. Automatic exposure control can be made within the specified distance
With the R10, depress the lock release button
and turn the running speed control dial until
the "SF" (Single Frame) mark clicks into place
opposite the white index. Then fully open the
angle of the shutter blade opening by depressing the shutter blade opening control and
turning it clockwise.
With the R8, first set the camera at 18 fps,
and slide the changeover switch toward the "5"
(Single frame) mark. Then fully open the angle
of the shutter blade opening by depressing the
shutter blade opening control and turning it
clockwise .
Note that the fully charged SB-10 may fire
when mounting it onto the- accessory shoe of
either R10 or R8. To avoid this, insert the Sync
Cord SC-7 in the sync socket on the speedlight
unit before mounting it on the cine camera.
The S8-1O co ntrol s the amount of Iight o utput
depending o n the flash-to-subject distance. The
further away the subject is, the more li ght it
em its; the closer the subject, the less it emits.
In ad dition, the recycling time changes with
the di stance. The closer th e subject, the sh o rter
t he recyc ling ti me .
Exposure Calculator
The ex posure calculator helps you to select the
usab le range of f/ numbers for t he speed of
th e film you are using and t he effect ive distance range. For any film speed, you have
two f/ numbers to choose from. Each of the
f/ numbers determines the max imum di stance
range the auto ex posure can control. The minimum dist ance rem a in s O.6m (2 ft) rega rdl ess of
the f/ number. With the distan ce unch anged, the
smal ler t he f/ number (the larger the aperture),
t he shor ter the flash duration. Of course, the
range of u sab le f/numbers changes with the film
speed while the distance range rema in s t he same
for all speeds .
First, position the speed of the film (ASA
number) opposite the white delta by t urning
t he knurled rim of t he calculator . Lines betwee n the numbers on the fi lm-speed scale
represent in ter med iate sett ings such as 32, 64,
etc., as illu strate d . Note the f/ numbe rs oppos ite
the orange and blue indi cator blocks respectively as the max imum distance range is ind icated
in both meters and feet opposite each co lo red block. Then read off the most suitab le
f/ number which gives yo u the distance range,
depth of field and fl a sh duration you want. On
m anual contro l, read off t he f/nu mber which
appears opposite t he distance you want.
Example 1
If you are using a film rated ASA 100, yo u can shoot
subjects at any flash-to-subject distance from 0.6m
(2 ft) to 6m (20 ft) at f/4 and from 0 .6m (2 ft) to 3m
(10ft) at fiB.
Example 2
When using a film rated ASA 100 with a flash-tosubject distance of 3m (10ft), yo u can shoot at e ither
f/4 or fiB. If a short f lash duration is preferable, use
the f/4 setting. If a greater depth of field is desired,
use the fiB' setting.
200 160
Setting the f /number
To set the desired f/number on the speedlight,
slide the shooting mode selector on the front
panel of the unit until the white indicator block
on the top of the unit is positioned opposite the
colored block corresponding to the appropriate
f/number. Then, set the lens aperture according
to the same f/number.
With the RlO, set the needle in the viewfinder
by a 2/3-stop more than the indicated f/number
by depressing the EE lock/manual aperture
setting ring and turning it clockwise or counterclockwise.
With the R8, set the viewfinder needle by a
1/3-stop more than the indicated f/number by
depressing the central locking button and turning the A-M-C knob clockwise or counterclockwise.
The Reflector
On the 5B-10, the reflector tilts through
an arc of 180 with click-stops every 90~
With the speedlight unit mounted on the
camera, set the reflector in the horizontal
position (calcul ator. on top). The use of
the speedlight in the vertical position is
generally not recommended, since this will
result in the coverage of light falling off
at the corners.
'Red Eyes' Phenomenon
'Red eyes,' an optical phenomenon in
which a subject's eyes appear red in
photographs taken with a flash unit, are
a result of the flash light directly illuminating the retina. This happens when the
subject looks straight into the camera
on which a flash unit is mounted. The
effect becomes more pronounced if there
is little or no ambient light. In this case,
the iris of the eye is wide open, and the
illuminated retina is clearly visible.
To avoid 'red eyes' you can take any or
all of the following steps :
1. Brighten the room to minimize the
opening of the subject's pupils.
2. Instruct the subject not to look
straight into the camera.
3. Keep the flash unit as far away as
possible from the camera by means
of a sync cord .
Note that once 'red eyes' appears, there is
no way of retouching the negatives.
To act ivate the unit, slide the powe r switch to
the ON position. While the capacitor is charging,
you will hear a soft whining sound which decreases in volume as the speedlight unit becomes
fully charged. The ready-light indicates that
the unit is ready to fire. Select the appropriate
f/number on the speedlight. Next, set the
camera lens at the same f/number, compose,
focus and press the shutter-release button on
the camera. The speed light automatically
determines the correct flash intensity as long as
the subject remains within the shooting range
of the f/number indicated on the speed light.
Note: Be sur e to slid e the power switch to the OFF
position when you are not using the flash unit .
Ready-Light/Open Flash Button
The ready-light doubles as the open flash
button. To activate, push down on the transparent ready-light. The open flash is used for
test-firing. It is a lso used for firing with the
shutter held open at the B setting for strobe
effects, etc.
(1) To create "stroboscopic" effects, in which the
flash is fired independently with th e shutter held
open at "B," the 5B-10 must be disconnected
from the FE. Otherwise, the open-flash button
will not work, and the flash uni t cannot be fired.
(2) Remember that even before comp letion of charging, the ready-light glows. If the speed light fires
immediately after the lamp lights up, pictures
taken will be slightly underexposed . To prevent
this, open up the lens by a half-stop more, or
shoot several second s after the lam plights up .
However, perfect exposures can be made at all
times in automatic exposure operation, except
for the furthest distance range.
Ready-Light in the FE Camera Finder
The Nikon FE has a built-in ready-light in the
finder eyepiece, with which you can check
speedlight readiness without removing your eye
from the viewfinder. Slipping the mounting
foot of the SB-1 0 onto the camera's accessory
shoe connects the ready-light with the speedlight.
In addition to its use in the automatic mode,
your SB-lO can also be used manually . Switching the unit to manual sets the flash circuit to
full power for each exposure. Applications for
this include mUltiple flash shooting, or when
using GN-Nikkor lenses.
To set the unit on manual, slide the shooting
mode selector until the white indicator is adjacent to 'M,' in between the two automatic
mode indicators.
Note the following instructions when performing mUltiple flash photography with the Nikon
Speedlight SB-2, 3, 4, 5, 7E, 8E, and 10 flash
• These Nikon Speedlight units employ a special low-voltage triggering circuit to prevent
electric shock and damage on the hot-shoe
contact. We do not recommend mixing Nikon
Speedlight units with flash units of other
makes for multiple flash photography, unless
you use slave sensors for remote triggering.
Otherwise, incorrect operation and /or damage
to the unit may result.
• Be sure to set the shooting mode selector to
'manual.' If the selector is set on 'auto,' correct exposure cannot be assured.
• With the SB-2 or SB-7E flash unit mounted
on the camera's hot shoe, you may use the
flash unit's sync socket. However, with the
SB-3, SB-8E and SB-lO, you cannot.
• When the camera is not fitted with a hot shoe,
the flash unit has to be connected to the
camera via the sync cord. Consequently, sync
connection is not possible for mUltiple flash
use. In this case, use slave sensors for triggering the remote flash .
• The units may trigger inadvertently whi le you
are connecting them. This is normal and is no
cause for concern.
Combination Examples for Multiple Flash Operation
Tl5'6~ ~5'6,l5
Nikon F2,F
Nikon F2 , F
SB- 3,~ E,10
eeL C:::I
~AS-2 L~~
*Nikon FM, EL2 , FE and
Nikkormat EL , ELW,
FT2 and FT3
15cm Sync Cord SC-5 J25cm Sync Cord SC-7
Connects the SB-10 to the cameras which have
no hot shoe.
1 m Coiled Sync Cord SC-6
This coiled '-meter extension cord permits
off-camera shooting with all types of Nikon
Flash Unit Coupler AS-1
Adapts the 5B-1O to the Nikon F2 and F~series
cameras. Has a hot-shoe contact which eliminates the need for a sync cord .
• Please use only Nikon Sync Cords (SC-5, 6, 7), as
others may damage this speed light.
Wide-Flash Adapter 5W-2
Clips easily over the reflector of the 5B-1O to
increase the angle of flash from the normal 56°
to 67 ° when positioned horizontally and from
40° to 48° when positioned vertically . It also
ensures adequate lighting at the perimeter of
the viewfield when the 28mm wideangle lens
is used. Reduces the guide number to 18
(meters) with an ASA 100 film on manual.
Battery Holder M5-2
Handy holder to accommodate spare batteries .
Light output control: Silicon controlled rectifier & series circuitry
Guide number: 25 (meters) with ASA 100 film
on manual
Number of flashes:
No figures are given for automatic operation as these
will vary depending on actual operating conditions;
generally, you will obtain a larger number of flashes
and shorter recycling time. In both manual and auto·
matic operation, as the batteries age, th e recy cling
tim e be co mes extended and numberoffl ashes reduced .
Angle of coverage: 56° horizontal; 40° vertical
covering a wideangle lens of 35mm focal
length (speedlight positioned horizontally)
Choice of f/numbers: Two- f/4 and f/8 with
ASA 100 film
Automatic shooting range (at ASA 100):
0 .6m - 6m (2 ft - 20 ft) at f/4
0.6m-3m (2 ft- 1 0 ft) at f/8
Power source: Four 1.5V AA-type batteries
Ready-light: Provided
Open-flash button: Doubles as ready-light
Ready-light contact for FE camera: Provided
Flash foot : Tilts through an arc of 180°
Dimensions: 110 x 79 x 37mm (not including
the mounting foot)
Weight (without batteries): Approx. 270g
Accessories: Soft case SS-7
*Sync cord
'When a sync cord is used with the speedlight, plug the sync cord into the speedlight
before you mount the speedlight onto the
SC-5 SC-6
Flash unit
Flash unit
(X contact)
hot shoe
hot shoe
Rl0 , R8
Super Zoom
Nikon FE, FM,
E L2 and
Nikkormat EL,
Nikon F
Nikon F2-series
No reproduction in any form of this booklet,
in whole or in part (except for brief quotation in
critical articles or reviews), may be made without
written authorization from the publishers.
Printed in Japan (79.12.AO) & -10
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