Submersible Turbine

Submersible Turbine

Owner’s/Operator’s Manual

Submersible Turbine

READ AND FOLLOW SAFETY

INSTRUCTIONS!

This is the safety alert symbol. When you see this symbol on your pump or in this manual, be alert to the potential for personal injury.

warns about hazards that will cause serious personal injury, death or major property damage if ignored.

warns about hazards that can cause serious personal injury, death or major property damage if ignored.

warns about hazards that will or can cause minor personal injury or property damage if ignored.

The label NOTICE indicates special instructions which are important but not related to hazards.

Carefully read and follow all safety instructions in this manual and on pump.

Keep safety labels in good condition.

Replace missing or damaged safety labels.

Table of Contents:

Safety ................................................................1

General .............................................................1

Specifications ....................................................2

Pre-Installation Procedures and Checks .......2-3

Installation ......................................................3-4

Submergence ...................................................4

Three-Phase Current Unbalance .....................5

Service ..............................................................6

Electrical Tests .................................................6

Pump Disassembly ...........................................7

Maintenance Inspection ....................................7

Preventive Maintenance ...................................8

Pump Disassembly/Assembly .....................9-13

Repair Parts ....................................................14

Troubleshooting ..............................................15

Warranty .........................................................16

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

Before installing your submersible turbine pump, review the following checklist.

Be sure the well is clear of sand and abrasive material before installing pump. Abrasive materials in the water cause component wear and reduce pump capacity and discharge pressure. Never use the pump to develop or clean the well. Permanent pump damage can result within the first few hours of operation.

If the well casing is suspected of being crooked, check it with a gauge of identical length and diameter as the pump and motor with two lengths of pipe attached. Serious damage can result if the pump becomes lodged in a crooked casing.

Be sure the well can supply a high-capacity turbine pump.

The well should be deep enough to cover the pump unit with water, even at extreme pumping rates. Typically, the pump should be submerged 10 to 20 feet below the lowest water level and at least 5 feet above the bottom of the well.

Air entrained in the water reduces performance and will dam age the pump.

Your pump is designed to provide maximum efficiency under specific capacity and head conditions. Do not operate it beyond specified limits.

System controls and pump must match. Do not interchange controls with other models. Serious damage can result to the unit if pump and controls do not match.

Motor control systems and pump units are repairable in the field. To avoid serious damage to the unit, use only parts obtained from authorized dealers/suppliers.

Average number of starts per day will influence motor and control component life (starters, relays, capacitors, etc). Select pump size, tank size and control components for low est practical number of starts per day. Excessive cycling accelerates bearing, spline, and pump wear and con trol contact erosion.

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BE215 (06/28/12)

SPECIFICATIONS

Table I: Frequency of Starts

Avg. No. of Starts per 24 Hr. Day

HP Rating Single Phase Three Phase

1 to 5

7-1/2 to 30

40 and over

50

25

150

50

50

Table II: Weight of Pipe (Column)

Pipe Size (In)

2-1/2

3

4

5

6

Weight per Foot (Lbs)

Full

7.9

10.8

16.3

23.3

31.5

Empty

5.8

7.6

10.8

14.62

18.97

Table III: Weight of Cable per 1000 Ft. (lbs.)

AWG 3-Phase 1-phase

Size Nom. Dia. Weight Nom. Dia. Weight

12-3 .500 140 .487 130

10-3 .545 186 .517 161

8-3 .771 328 .750 293

6-3 .965 525 .826 400

4-3

2-3

1.071

1.243

717

1066

Table IV: Cable Wire Resistance

AWG Wire Size

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

Resist (Ohms/Ft)

.0050

.0032

.0020

.0013

.0008

.0005

.0003

PREINSTALLATION PROCEDURES

AND ChECKS

Electrical Splices and Connections

Splices must be waterproof. Make a strong mechanical bond between the motor leads and the cable to avoid high resistance at the connection. A poor mechanical con nection, or a poorly wrapped splice, can cause motor problems and motor failure.

Before connecting the motor to the cable, perform a ground check to assure that the motor has not been damaged. Attach one end of an ohmmeter lead to any of the three motor leads and the other ohmmeter lead to the pump intake bracket. A new motor must have a resistance of 2 megohms or greater. If not, contact your dealer.

Repeat for all three leads.

Prepare the cable and make the mechanical connections

(Figure 1A) and splices as follows:

1. Cut motor leads and corresponding cable ends at

3-inch spacings to stagger connections for a smooth splice.

2. Cut connecting cable to match the motor leads.

NOTICE: Match color coded wires, red to red, black to black, and white to white.

3. When using a butt connector, expose bare wire for about 1/2”. When using stranded wire, expose about

1” of wire.

NOTICE: Butt connectors may be used with solid wires through 8 AWG, or stranded wires through 10

AWG.

4. Clean exposed ends of wire thoroughly with emery cloth or sandpaper to assure good electrical connections.

5A. BUTT CONNECTORS (Figure 1A): Insert wires into con nector until insulation butts up against connector.

Crimp connector to wires with a pair of crimping pliers.

Pull on cable to make sure the connection is solid and tight.

Table V: Cooling Flow Rates Past Submersible Motors

In Feet Per Second (FPS)

6” Nominal Motor (5.38” OD)

Casing

GPM

Size 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240

ID 1.2 2.3 3.5 4.6 5.8 7.0 8.1 9.3 10.4 11.6 12.7 13.9

ID – 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.8

10”

NOTICE: If flow rate past motor is expected to be less than rate shown in table, install a shroud around motor to force cooling flow past shell. To minimize erosion to shell if flow

}

FPS

Formula to find flow rate:

FPS = GPM x .409

D1

2

– D2

2

rate is expected to be more than 10 FPS (especially if sand is present), reduce flow through pump to reduce flow past shell.

D1 = Casing inside diameter

D2 = Motor outside diameter

2

5B. SOLDERED CONNECTIONS (Figure 1A):

NOTICE: Do not use acid core solder or corrosive solder paste.

I. Straighten individual cable strands and spread apart slightly.

II. Clean each strand and push strands of cable into matching (color-coded) open strands of the motor leads.

III. Wrap entire length of joint with fine copper wire until strands are compressed.

IV. Apply heat and solder. Solder will follow the heat; make sure solder flows throughout the joint. Pull firmly on cable to test joint.

6. Repeat Step 5 for each lead.

a.

3" 3"

1

2

" b.

c.

4. If leak is not in splice, slowly pull cable out of water until reading changes to “infinity”. Reading will change to “infinity” when leak comes out of water.

5. Repair cable by splicing as explained under “Electrical

Splices and Connections”.

Ohmmeter set at

Rx100K or

Voltmeter set at

H1 Ohms

Attach lead to metal tank or immerse in water

7. Taping splice (Figure 1B): e.

Because friction tape is not water resistant, never use friction tape on a water-tight splice. Use Scotch Number 33, or equivalent.

7A. Clean joints and adjoining cable/wire insulation of all grease and dirt, and build up joint area with tape until

7B. Starting 1-1/2” back from the joint, firmly apply one layer of tape, overlapping about half the previous lap and continuing approximately 1-1/2” beyond joint. Cut tape evenly and press both ends firmly against cable.

7C. Apply two additional layers of tape, as described in

Step 7B, beginning and ending 1-1/2” beyond the previous starting/ending points.

d.

Figure 1C: Splice and Cable continuity

Rotation Check (3-Phase Only)

After satisfactorily completing continuity test, connect cable to pump controller. Check 3-phase motors for correct rotation. If necessary, reverse any two cable leads at the controller and recheck rotation. Permanently mark and match to control box terminals for future reference.

Connect cable to motor controller and then wire controller to disconnect switch. Connect temporary jumper wire between proper terminals in controller to temporarily energize magnetic coil.

Momentarily engage disconnect switch and note direction of rotation. The shaft should rotate counterclockwise when viewed from the top or shaft end of the motor. If rotation is incorrect, reverse any two wires; mark wires to correspond with the controller terminal numbers.

NOTICE: Pump is water lubricated. Do not operate the pump for more than 5 seconds while it is out of water.

e.

Figure 1B: Stagger splices and tape

Splice and Cable Continuity Test

Before installing pump check cable and splices as follows

(see Figure 1C):

1. Submerge cable and splice in steel barrel filled with water. Make sure both ends of cable are out of water.

2. Clip one ohmmeter lead to barrel. Test each lead in cable successively by connecting the other ohmmeter lead to the three cable leads, one after the other.

3. If resistance reading goes to zero on any cable lead, a leak to ground is present. Pull splice out of water.

If meter reading changes to “infinity” (no reading) the leak is in the splice.

3

INSTALLATION

General

After completing all connections and tests so far, connect a 5-foot length of pipe to pump.

Lower pump into well with pipe clamps attached to the

5-foot pipe. Attach a standard length of pipe to 5-foot length and lower pump CAREFULLY into well.

NOTICE: Do not use a pipe longer than 5 feet for the first con nection. hoisting pump upright with a long length of pipe can cause pump misalignment from excessive leverage.

Use extreme care when lowering pump and cable to avoid damage to cable insulation.

Anchor power cable to pipe every 20 feet with adjustable steel band clamps. Protect insulation from clamps with pieces of split rubber hose inserted between clamps and cable. Attach cable to pipe halfway between clamps with waterproof tape (Scotch No. 33 or equivalent).

Submergence

Be sure the pump is always submerged, even at extreme pumping rates. Install pump at least 10 to 20 feet below the lowest “drawdown” water level and at least 5 feet above bottom of well.

Check Valves

Pump back spin and hydraulic shock can cause severe damage to pump and motor. Install at least one check valve to help prevent this.

Install check valve in discharge pipe, not more than 25 feet above pump. For 6” and larger submersible pumps installed more than 600 feet deep, install a second check valve at the pipe joint nearest to the half-way point between pump and ground level.

NOTICE: To avoid water hammer and pipe breakage, distance from first check valve to second check valve should not equal distance from second check valve to ground level.

Well and Pump Test

Check and record static water level of well before starting tests. Before making final piping connections, test flow rate, capacity, and condition of well.

NOTICE: Do not operate pump with discharge valve closed. Operate pump only within pressure and flow limits of operating range established by performance curve.

NOTICE: If sand is present in discharge, allow pump to run with discharge completely open until water is clear. If loud rattling noises develop, pump is probably cavitating.

Gradually close discharge valve until rattling stops.

INSTALLATION -

ELECTRICAL TESTS

Risk of high voltage electrical shock when testing. Can stun, burn, or kill.

Only qualified electricians should perform these tests. When testing, use all normal precautions for the voltages involved.

Electrical test of motor, cable, connections

The cable and splices can be damaged as the pump is lowered into the well. To electrically test them, attach one lead of ohmmeter to pipe. Attach other lead to each cable lead in turn. See motor owner’s manual for required resistance in a good motor. A low reading indicates that cable or splice has developed a leak to ground. Remove pump from well and correct problem before proceeding with installation.

Measure electrical resistance between motor leads and well casing when motor is cold.

Voltage test (Figure 2)

Low or high voltages can cause motor failure. While pump is operating, check voltage across each pair of leads at motor controller. Readings more than 10% above or below rated nameplate voltage can damage pump; correct before placing pump in service. Test as follows:

1. Disconnect main power supply and open controller.

2. Connect power and start pump. For 3-phase motors, read voltage across three pairs of leads (L1 – L3,

L3 – L2, L2 – L1) while pump is operating. For single phase motors, read voltage across L1 and L2 while pump is operating. Voltage should be within ±10% of motor nameplate rated voltage. If not, consult power company.

Incoming

Power

G

L3

L2

L1

To Pump

Figure 2: Voltage Test

Load current test (Figure 3)

Load current should be obtained on each motor lead at the controller. Partially close pump dis charge valve (keep pressure and flow within specified operating range) until maximum amp reading has been obtained. Compare reading with motor nameplate rating. If reading is 15% or more over rated load, check for incorrect voltage in supply line or overload due to abrasives in pump. Find and correct problem before putting pump in service.

Controller

Incoming

Power

G

L3

L2

L1

Ground

To Pump

Figure 3: Load Current Test

Controller

Ground

4

Current unbalance test (3 Phase only)

Determine current unbalance by measuring current in each power lead. Measure current for all three possible hook ups. Use example and worksheet (Page 5) to calculate current unbalance on a three phase supply system and retain for future reference.

NOTICE: Current unbalance should not exceed 5%. If unbalance cannot be corrected by rolling leads, locate and correct source of unbalance.

If, on all three possible hookups, the reading furthest from average stays on the same power lead, most of the unbalance is coming from the power source. however, if the reading furthest from average changes leads as the hookup changes (that is, stays with a particular motor lead), most of the unbalance is on the “motor side” of the starter. In this case, consider a damaged cable, leaking splice, poor connection, or faulty motor winding.

Current Unbalance Example and Worksheet

3-Phase Current Unbalance - Example

here is an example of current readings at maximum pump loads on each leg of a three wire hookup. Make cal cu lations for all three possible hookups.

A. For each hookup, add the readings for the three legs:

Ex.: hookup #1 hookup #2:

L1 = 51Amps L1 = 50 Amps

L2 = 46 Amps L2 = 48 Amps

L3 = 53 Amps L3 = 52 Amps hookup #3

L1 = 50 Amps

L2 = 49 Amps

L3 = 51 Amps

Total 150 Amps Total 150 Amps Total 150 Amps

B. Divide each total by three to get average amps:

Example: 150/3 = 50

Example: 150/3 = 50

Example: 150/3 = 50

C. For each hookup, find current value farthest from aver age (Calculate the greatest current difference from the average).

Ex. #1 Ex. #2

50 Amps 50 Amps

Ex. #3

50 Amps

–46 Amps –48 Amps –49 Amps

= 4 Amps = 2 Amps = 1 Amps

D. Divide this difference by the average and multiply by

100 to obtain the percentage of unbalance. Example:

Ex. 1: 4/50 = .08 x 100 = 8%

Ex. 2: 2/50 = .04 x 100 = 4%

Ex. 3: 1/50 = .02 x 100 = 2%

Use smallest percentage unbalance, in this case Ex. 3.

3-Phase Current Unbalance - Worksheet

Use this worksheet to calculate curent unbalance for your installation.

A. Add the readings for the three legs:

Ex.: hookup #1 hookup #2: hookup #3

L1 = Amps L1 = Amps L1 = Amps

L2 = Amps L2 = Amps L2 = Amps

L3 = Amps L3 = Amps L3 = Amps

Total Amps Total Amps Total Amps

B. Divide each total by three to get average amps:

hookup #1:

hookup #2:

hookup #3:

/3 =

/3 =

/3 =

C. For each hookup, find current value farthest from aver age (Calculate the greatest current difference from the average).

hookup #1

Amps hookup #2

Amps hookup #3

Amps

Amps Amps Amps

Amps Amps Amps

D. Divide this difference by the average to obtain the percentage of unbalance:

hookup #1: / = x100 = %

hookup #2:

hookup #3:

/

/

=

= x100 = x100 =

%

%

Use hookup with smallest percentage unbalance.

5

SERVICE

General

When installed in a clear well and operated under normal conditions, the submersible turbine pump requires no special maintenance. The hermetically sealed motor is pre-filled and self-lubricating. Completely tested at the factory, it should provide many years of dependable service. The motor is a continuous duty type and can operate continuously for long periods.

Removing Pump From Well

Most pump problems are caused by above-ground electrical problems. Minor control box components or outside electrical difficulties (such as low voltage) can cause a mal function. Before removing pump from well, check motor windings for damage (check winding resistance with an ohmmeter – see Page 6). Eliminate all above-ground trouble causes before pulling pump. Pull the pump only as a last resort.

Sandlocked Pump:

NOTICE: Before pulling pump, make all possible above ground electrical tests. Most submersible pump problems are above ground, not in the pump itself.

NOTICE: Motor failure can result from starting a sandlocked pump. Do not bypass overload circuit or exceed electrical rating when trying to start a siezed pump.

Remove a sandlocked pump from well for cleaning. To prevent pump from locking again when reinstalled, clean the well thoroughly before reinstalling the pump.

Cleaning Sandlocked Pump:

1. Insert a reducing bushing in discharge adapter cap to receive a hose coupling.

2. Use a hose to flush pump backwards (discharge to suction). Oscillate shaft backwards and forwards with a pump pliers and backwash pump for several minutes.

3. If pump cannot be freed, disconnect pump from motor, disassemble liquid end (see Page 7) and backwash sand from each part.

Checking Pump Performance:

Water containing abrasives can cause impeller wear and reduce impeller efficiency, resulting in overload conditions.

In such cases, it is necessary to remove the pump from the well and replace the impellers to maintain capacity and pressure. To assure quality and integrity of the unit, re place with genuine parts available from your dealer.

ELECTRICAL TEST

The following electrical checks can be made with pump installed.

Risk of high voltage electrical shock when testing. Can stun, burn, or kill. 0nly qualified electricians should perform these tests.When testing, use all normal precautions for the voltages involved.

Circuit (Winding) Resistance Test ( Figure 4)

1. Shut off main power supply and disconnect motor wires.

2. Attach two ohmmeter leads to pairs of cable wires in turn (black and red wires on three wire single phase units). Compare readings with data provided in motor manual.

3. If reading is considerably higher than chart, an open circuit (broken wire) is indicated; if reading is considerably lower, a short circuit is indicated. In either case, remove pump from well and repair unit.

NOTICE: Be sure to include cable and winding resistance.

Multiply cable length by the per-foot cable resistance (see

Table IV, Page 2) and add winding resistance from motor chart to get total.

Controller

Incoming

Power

G

L3

L2

L1

Ohmmeter

Set at Rx1 or

Voltmeter

Set on LO

Ohms

Ground

To Pump

Figure 4: Circuit (Winding) Resistance Test

Ground Check (Figure 5)

1. Shut off main power supply and disconnect motor wires.

Controller

Incoming

Power

G

L3

L2

L1

Ground

Ohmmeter

Set at Rx100K or Voltmeter

Set on H1

Ohms

To Pump

Figure 5: Ground Check

6

2. Attach one ohmmeter lead to pipe or METAL well casing and the other lead, in turn, to each individual motor wire.

3. If resistance reading goes to zero after touching any of the wires, the pump should be raised to determine location of ground fault (cable, motor, or splice).

4. Raise pump, watching resistance reading. When re sistance goes to infinity, fault has come out of the water.

If ground fault is located in cable or splice, repair it.

5. If ground fault appears to be located in motor, remove pump from well. Cut cable at motor side of splice and determine whether or not motor is grounded. If motor indicates complete ground (resistance reading goes to zero) replace unit.

If motor is not grounded, re-check splice and cable.

PUMP/MOTOR SEPARATION;

PUMP DISASSEMBLy

NOTICE (Please read before starting):

• To avoid damage to the upthrust bearing, never stand the pump on the discharge adapter.

• Use an assembly fixture for disassembly/assembly; purchase it from Berkeley Pumps. When ordering, please specify pump model number, motor size, and horsepower.

• All 6T and 7T threaded-bowl units have left-hand bowl threads.

NOTICE: All 8T and 10T threaded bowl units have

RIGhT-hANDED threads. These units MUST be drilled and pinned to prevent the bowls from unscrewing themselves during operation.

• The stub shaft stick-up is 2-7/8” for 6” motors; the stick-up is 4” for 8” motors.

Removing Pump From Motor

1. Remove the cable guard from the pump; cut the cable off of the motor leads just above the splice.

2. Remove the nuts holding the pump to the motor.

Using suitable lifting apparatus, hoist pump off of motor.

3. If you are returning the motor to the factory, cut motor lead above cable splice, leaving motor lead installed in motor. Don’t work on the motor before returning it.

To prevent damage in transit, crate the motor as it was when shipped new.

Pump Disassembly

1. Remove the suction screen.

2. Remove coupling from shaft.

3. Fasten pump in chain vise.

4. Remove the discharge.

5. Remove the last stage bowl.

NOTICE: A. Drill out pins on threaded 8T and 10T pumps.

B. Bowls are held together with thread-locking compound. You may need to heat the bowls to loosen the threads.

7

Bowls retain heat. Do not handle with bare hands until they are cool.

6. Mount the fixture to the pump suction bracket with a

1/4” spacer inserted between the fixture and the end of the pump shaft. Bolt the fixture to the pump bracket.

7. Slip the collet driver, large end first, over the shaft and tap on the impeller to loosen the collet. Do not use a pipe wrench or any other tool that could damage or scar the impeller or the pump shaft.

8. Remove the impeller and the collet. Mark the impeller and the bowl as they come off so that they can be reassembled as a pair.

9. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for all stages.

10. If the unit has a lower sand collar, mark the collar location on the shaft and remove the collar.

11. Remove the shaft from the suction bracket (be careful not to damage the suction bracket bearing).

12. Clean each part. Dress down any burrs raised during disassembly. Make sure all flanges and mating fits are free of burrs, rust, and dirt.

PUMP INSPECTION/

MAINTENANCE

Wear: While pump is disassembled, visually check the following for wear:

• Bearings

• Bowl Skirts

• Upthrust Screw

• Impellers

• Pump Shaft

Shaft Runout (TIR): Pump shaft must be straight to within

.002” TIR, measured every 6” along pump shaft.

Impeller Wear Ring Clearance (see Table VI, Page

8): Measure bowl bore-to-impeller wear ring radial clearance with a micrometer. Maximum design clearance is measured per side. Replace assembly (6T and 7T) or wear ring (8T and 10T) if clearance is more than listed in

Table VI.

Bearing Clearance (Bronze only): Measure shaft/bearing clearance. Maximum design clearance is measured per side. Replace bearing if clearance is more than listed in

Table VI.

NOTICE: Axial wear may indicate improper upthrust adjustment. See Step 10, Page 10, or Steps 11 and 12,

Pages 12 and 13.

Shaft Diameter:

6”, 7” – 1.00” Diameter

8” – 1.18” Diameter

10” – 1.50” Diameter

Bearing Replacement:

6T and 7T models come standard with all rubber bearings.

8T and 10T models use all bronze bearings. Bronze bearings are available as an option for 6T and 7T models.

Rubber Bearing Replacement (6T and 7T):

A. Use a wooden or plastic tool to push rubber bearing out of bowl. Push from discharge side of bowl toward suction side.

B. Remove all fragments from bowl bearing bore and clean up the bore .

C. Lubricate the new bearing with water (oil or glycerin do not give sufficient flow to adequately lubricate the bearing) and push it into the bearing bore. All 6T75 and 90 series pump bearings must be fastened in place with rubber cement.

Bronze Bearing Replacement:

1. Press old bearing out with an arbor press or tap it out with a hammer and dowel. Do not score the bearing bore.

2. Wipe the bearing bore clean.

3. Press the new bearing into the bore; use light oil if necessary to aid the pressing. Make sure the bearing is aligned with the bearing bore.

Table VI: Wear Ring and Bearing Clearances

(Per Side)

Bearing

Wear Ring Bowl

Clearance Clearance

Models Nominal Replace Nominal Replace

6T 0.006” 0.012” 0.008” 0.012”

7T 0.006” 0.012” 0.008” 0.012”

8T-550

8T-650

8T-750

8T-950

0.013” 0.018” 0.009” 0.013”

0.013” 0.018” 0.009” 0.013”

0.013” 0.018” 0.009” 0.013”

0.018” 0.024” 0.009” 0.013”

10T-750

10T-900

10T-1200

10T-1600

0.023” 0.031” 0.010” 0.014”

0.023” 0.031” 0.010” 0.014”

0.023” 0.031” 0.010” 0.014”

0.023” 0.031” 0.010” 0.014”

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE

To avoid major repairs, make the checks listed below every 4 to 6 months.

TEST RESULT ShOULD BE POSSIBLE INDICATIONS

1. Measure and record the standing water level (from top of well casing).

2. Measure electrical resistance between motor leads and well casing with motor cold.

3. Check pump flow capacity

(gallons per minute).

4. Check pump discharge pressure

(PSI) at operating conditions.

5. Check drawdown level (in feet) from standing water level.

6. Measure voltage across motor leads while pump is operating.

1. Reference number.

2. See motor manual.

3. At least 90% of readings at installation.

4. At least 90% of readings at installation.

5. high enough so that pump does not break suction.

6. Within ±10% of rated voltage.

1. To aid in monitoring pump performance.

2. See motor manual.

3. Lower readings may indicate pump needs repair.

4. Lower reading indicates pump wear, increased friction losses, or change in standing water level in well.

5. Cavitation can damage pump; increased drawdown may indicate reduced well flow.

6. If voltage is more than 110% or less than 90% of rated voltage, consult power company.

8

See Page 7 for rubber bearing replacement procedure.

MODEL 6T AND 7T SUBMERSIBLE TURBINE ASSEMBLy

NOTICE: See Page 13 for Fixture drawing and dimensions.

Step 1 Step 2 (6T-75,-90,-115, and -155)

Mount suction bracket on assembly fixture.

Tighten

2 bolts, leave 2 bolts loose.

6T: Press a wear ring into the bracket as shown. Install ring with large

(internal) chamfer leading.

Step 3

Before installing shaft, install a bearing in the suction bracket.

Slide the shaft down through the bearing onto fixture. Thread shaft solidly handtight onto stud or capscrew in fixture.

Push Press

or

Rubber

Bearing

Spacing

Washers

Install 1/8” Spacing Washers under suction bracket.

Step 4

Clean shaft and collet to remove all oils and contaminants. Slide the impeller down the shaft to the bracket, then lift it about 1/4” and lightly tap the collet in with the collet driver until there is about 1/8” clearance between the impeller and the bracket.

Step 5

Set the collet with two or three blows with a rubber the collet driver.

driver (until the impeller touches the bracket).

2528 0796 6T

2531 0796 6T

Bronze

Bearing

Step 6

Check the shaft position. The shaft should be down solidly on the fixture.

If not, the stud or cap screw in the fixture has broken. Replace it before proceeding.

After the impeller is correctly set, remove the 1/8” spacers from the fixture. Bolt the suction bracket tightly to the fixture.

1/8"

6211 0510

0.0"

2532 0796

2529 0796

2530 0796 6T

9

Step 7

Clamp the assembly (with fixture attached) in a chain vise. There should be no clearance between the shaft end and the fixture. Press bronze bearing into bowls with a bench press. DO NOT deform the bearing.

Apply Loctite 271 to the first stage bowl and thread it onto the suction bracket. Stop it with the leading edge about 1/8” away from the suction bracket flange.

NOTICE: ALL bowls are left-hand thread.

0.0"

1/8"

Repeat steps 7, 8, and 9 for the remaining bowls

and impellers, up to but not including the last stage bowl (which takes the discharge but no impeller).

After installing each stage, make sure that the impeller has approximately 1/8” clearance from its bowl.

When you have installed all stage bowls except the last one, go on to Step 10, below.

NOTE: Loctite

®

271 has a 20 min. working time, 24 hr. full-cure time.

For steps 7,8, and 9, work quickly!

Step 8

2534 0796

Clean shaft and collet. Slide the next impeller over the shaft and insert the collet. Tap the collet in with the collet driver (see Steps 4, 5, and 6) until the impeller is seated on the bowl.

Drive the collet home with the driver.

Check the shaft to make sure that it has not moved away from the fixture.

0.0"

1/8"

0.0"

Step 10

Install rubber bearing in last stage bowl bore.

Slide upthrust washers over

X – Y=.0625-.090” shaft and onto impeller hub.

Shaft end play determines number of washers - use 1 or 2, alternating brass and stainless steel.

If necessary, add or subtract washers to maintain

Thrust

Washers the .0625-.090” shaft end play.

Install the last stage bowl and tighten. Remove fixture bolts and unscrew the fixture from the shaft; check the pump for free rotation.

Shaft end play should be

1/16-3/32” (.0625–.090”)

Add the discharge and tighten. Recheck for free rotation.

Y X

2539 0796 6T

Step 9

2535 0796

Thread the bowl down tight on the suction bracket.

At the end of this step, the bowl should be tight on the suction bracket, and the impeller should clear the bowl by about 1/8”.

0.0"

0.0"

1/8"

Step 11

Take the pump out of the vise, remove the fixture, and check for free rotation.

Install the pump on the motor.

Install the suction screen.

Install the lead guard. The pump is now ready for service.

2536 0796

10

MODEL 8T-550, -650, -750, -950, AND 10T SUBMERSIBLE TURBINE

ASSEMBLy

NOTICE: See Page 13 for Fixture drawing and dimensions.

Step 1 Step 2

First install coupling as shown.

2-1/2"

4913 0305

Mount suction bracket on assembly fixture.

With a bench press, press the suction bearing into the suction bracket. Be sure to press evenly; don’t deform or cock bearing.

Step 3

Slide the sand collar up and tighten the set screw to hold it up and out of the way.

The sand collar must not interfere with the shaft during impeller installation.

4914 0305

Install Spacing Washers under suction bracket (see chart).

Step 4

Clean shaft and collet to remove all oils and contaminants.

Slide the impeller down the shaft to the bracket, then lift it about 1/4” and lightly tap the collet in with the collet driver until there is about 1/8” clearance between the impeller and the bracket.

Step 5

Set the collet with two or three hard blows on the collet driver (until the impeller touches the bracket).

Spacer Thickness for 8T and 10T

Submersible Turbine Stages

Pump Spacer

Model Thickness

8T-200

All other 8T

10T-750, 900, 1200

10T-1600

0.250”

0.125”

0.437”

0.25”

Step 6

If the shaft is up from the fixture, use the rubber mallet to tap down the entire shaft, collet, and impeller assembly until the shaft is solidly in position. Don’t move the impeller along the shaft!

1/8"

2529 0796

4918 0305

4917 0305

Check the shaft position. The shaft should be down solidly on the fixture. If not, see

Step 6.

11

0.0"

4920 0305

NOTICE: Each stage gets a pressed-in bronze bearing.

See Page 8 for bearing replacement procedure.

4919 0305

Step 7

Clamp the assembly

(with fixture attached and spacers removed) in a chain vise. If there is any clearance between the shaft end and the fixture, reset the shaft as shown in Step 6.

0.0"

0.0"

For flanged bowls, space each stage as you did the suction bracket, using the appropriate spacers between the bowl flanges. Apply Loctite 271 to the bolts.

For threaded bowls, apply Loctite

271 to the first stage bowl and thread it onto the suction bracket until it clamps the spacer between the bowl and the suction bracket flange.

See Spacer

Chart

Make sure that the shaft has not moved away from the fixture.

Step 8 (Single Stage Pumps Skip This Step)

Clean shaft and collet. Slide the next impeller over the shaft and insert the collet. Tap the collet in with the collet driver

(see Steps 4, 5, and 6) until the impeller is seated on the bowl.

Drive the collet home with the driver.

Check the shaft to make sure that it has not moved away from the fixture.

0.0"

0.0"

See Spacer

Chart

0.0"

Repeat steps 7, 8, and 9 for the

remaining bowls and impellers, up to but not including the last stage bowl

(which takes the discharge but no impeller).

After installing each stage, make sure that the shaft is still solidly against the fixture and that each impeller has the appropriate clearance (see chart) from its bowl.

When you have installed all stages except the last stage bowl, go on to

Step 10.

Step 10

Install rubber bearing in last stage bowl bore.

Slide upthrust washers over shaft and onto impeller hub. Shaft end play determines number of washers - start with 4 (alternating brass and stainless steel). If necessary, add or subtract washers to maintain the .0625-.090” shaft end play.

Install the last stage bowl and tighten.

Remove fixture bolts and unscrew the fixture from the shaft; check the pump for free rotation. Shaft end play should be

1/16-3/32” (.0625–.090”)

Add the discharge and tighten. Recheck for free rotation.

X – Y=.0625-.090”

4922 0305

NOTICE: Loctite

®

271 has a

20 min. working time, 24 hr. full-cure time. Work quickly!

Step 9

Threaded bowls: Remove the spacer and thread the bowl down tight on the suction bracket.

Flanged bowls: Remove the spacers and bolt the bowl tightly to the suction bracket.

0.0"

0.0"

At the end of this step, the bowl should be tight on the suction bracket, and the impeller should clear the bowl by the thickness of the spacer.

0.0"

See Spacer

Chart

Thrust

Washers

Y X

5835 0408

4923 0305

12

Step 11

0.00"

Drill #31 (.120")

Pin 1/8" (.125")

Check pump for free rotation.

Drill and pin each stage (threaded bowls) to make sure the bowls do not unthread themselves.

Step 12

Take the pump out of the vise.

Slide the sand collar down and set it with about 1/8” (.125”) clearance to the suction bracket.

Use Loctite to hold the set screw.

Check for free rotation.

Remove the pump from the fixture and install it on the motor.

Install the lead guard and suction screen.

The pump is now ready for service.

ASSEMBLY FIXTURE DIMENSIONS

1.00" Dia; install 1/4 -20 stud or Drill Clearance Hole for 1/4-20

Capscrew for Models 6TP-, 6T- and 7T-

1.5" DIA.

1/2 - 20 UNF-2B

4.38" DIA. B.C.

4 Holes

2.875"

2.869"

6.0"

2542 0297

Figure 6: Assembly fixture dimensions

for 6 motor; stickup is motor height. Use

1/4–20 stud or capscrew to hold shaft of

6TP-, 6T- and 7T- models only. When using cap screw, it must be long enough to pass through fixture and clamp shaft tight against fixture post.

.688 DIA. – 4 Holes

6.000" Bolt Circle

4.000"

3.990"

8.0"

2544 0796

Figure 7: Assembly fixture dimensions for 8

motor; stickup is motor height.

13

6T, 7T, 8T, 10T

4

5A

5B

A

B

4

A

B

A

B

A

B

Repair Parts List

6T, 7T, 8T, and 10T

Submersible Turbine Pumps

Key Part

No. Description

1 Discharge

2 Bowl Pins

3A Rubber Bearing (Standard in all 6T- and 7T-

Models)

3B Bronze Bearing (Standard in all 8T- and 10T-

Models, optional in 6T- and 7T- Models)

4 Bowl

5A Upthrust Washer

5B Shim (as required)

6 Pump Shaft

7 Collet

8 Impeller

9 Wear Ring (Model 8T-950, all 10T- Models)

10A Set Screw for Sand Collar (All 8T- and

10T- Models)

10B Sand Collar (All 8T- and 10T- Models)

11A Rubber Suction Bearing (Standard on all 6T- and 7T Models)

11B Bronze Suction Bearing (Standard on all

8T- and 10T- Models; optional in 6T- and 7T

Models)

12 Wear Ring (Models 6T-75, 6T-90,

6T-115, 6T-155, 8T-950, all 10T- Models)

13 Suction Bracket

14 Suction Screen

15 Suction Screen Screws

17 Lead Guard Clamp

18 Lead Guard

Please be sure to include pump model number, horsepower, GPM rating and any other pertinent information when ordering pump parts.

NOTICE: Please refer to Berkeley Repair Parts (Publication

S4855BK) for detailed parts breakdown and part numbers.

5

4

5 4

14

TROUBLEShOOTING

Hazardous voltage. Can shock, burn, or kill. When troubleshooting or servicing pump, use all normal precautions for the voltages involved.

1. Disconnect power unless required for testing.

2. have electrical testing done by a qualified electrician.

3. Most problems occur above ground. Remove pump from well only as a last resort.

PROBLEM POSSIBLE CAUSE REMEDy

Fuses blow or overload

circuit breaker trips when

motor starts.

1. Pump sandlocked.

2. Low or high voltage.

3. Cable damaged or shorted.

4. Pump forced into crooked well.

1. a) Check motor winding resistance - see “Circuit

(Winding) Resistance”, Page 6.

b) If motor is not shorted, turn on current and rap

discharge pipe sharply to loosen sand.

c) Pull pump and clean.

2. Check line voltage (see Page 4). If high or low,

contact power company.

3. Check pump cable for ground (see Page 6).

4. Forcing pump into a crooked hole will cause mis-

alignment of pump and motor. Consult well driller.

Fuses blow or overload

trips while motor is running.

1. Low or high voltage.

2. Water contains abrasives.

3. Motor or cable shorted and/or

grounded.

Motor does not start but

does not blow fuses or

trip circuit breaker.

1. Fuses blown or circuit breaker

tripped.

1. Check voltage on service lines (see Page 4).

2. If water contains excessive sand, remove pump

and clean sand out of well.

3. See “Circuit (Winding) Resistance Test” and

“Ground Check”, Page 6.

1. Reset circuit breakers or replace fuses.

2. Voltage does not reach terminals. 2. 3-Phase: Check voltage at controller between wire

pairs: L1 – L3, L3 – L2, L2 – L1.

Single Phase: Check voltage between L1 and L2 on

box terminal strip.

3. Loose wire in control box. 3. Check and tighten all wires.

4. Defective magnetic controller coil. 4. Check starter and coil.

Pump does not shut off.

Motor runs, but delivers

little or no water.

1. Cable leads improperly connected. 1. Check wiring diagram on box cover for correct

connections.

1. horizontal line check valve

installed backwards.

1. Reinstall correctly.

2. Motor running backwards

(3-Phase only).

2. Reconnect motor for proper rotation (see Page 3).

3. Pump gaslocked. 3. Start and stop pump several times allowing one

minute between stops and starts.

4. Water level in well has dropped. 4. a) Restrict pump flow to equal well production.

5. Leak in discharge pipe.

b) Install liquid level control.

c) Reset pump lower in well.

5. Raise pipe until leak is found.

6. Coupling between motor shaft

and pump shaft broken.

6. remove pump from well and check coupling.

7. Pump parts worn from abrasives. 7. a) Check pump shut-off pressure. Pressure should

be at least 90% of pressure at installation.

b) Replace worn parts.

8. Intake screen clogged.

9. Pump set below recommended

depth.

10. Discharge pipe friction reduces

output.

15

8. Remove pump from well and clean screen.

9. a) Reduce pressure switch setting until pump will

shut off.

b) Install pump producing higher pressure.

10. Install larger pipe or pump producing higher pressure.

Limited Warranty

BERKELEY warrants to the original consumer purchaser (“Purchaser” or “You”) of the products listed below, that they will be free from defects in material and workmanship for the Warranty Period shown below.

Product

Water Systems:

Warranty Period

Water Systems Products — jet pumps, small centrifugal pumps, submersible pumps and related accessories

Pro-Source™ Composite Tanks

Pro-Source™ Steel Pressure Tanks

Pro-Source™ Epoxy-Lined Tanks

Sump/Sewage/Effluent Products

whichever occurs first:

12 months from date of original installation, or

18 months from date of manufacture

5 years from date of original installation

5 years from date of original installation

3 years from date of original installation

12 months from date of original installation, or

18 months from date of manufacture

Agricultural/Commercial:

Centrifugals – close-coupled motor drive, frame mount, SAE mount, engine drive, VMS, SSCX,

SSHM, solids handling, submersible solids handling

Submersible Turbines, 6” diameter and larger

12 months from date of original installation, or

24 months from date of manufacture

12 months from date of original installation, or

24 months from date of manufacture

Our limited warranty will not apply to any product that, in our sole judgement, has been subject to negligence, misapplication, improper installation, or improper maintenance. Without limiting the foregoing, operating a three phase motor with single phase power through a phase converter will void the warranty. Note also that three phase motors must be protected by three-leg, ambient compensated, extra-quick trip overload relays of the recommended size or the warranty is void.

Your only remedy, and BERKELEY’s only duty, is that BERKELEY repair or replace defective products (at BERKELEY’s choice). You must pay all labor and shipping charges associated with this warranty and must request warranty service through the installing dealer as soon as a problem is discovered. No request for service will be accepted if received after the Warranty Period has expired. This warranty is not transferable.

BERKELEY SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONTINGENT DAMAGES WHATSOEVER.

THE FOREGOING LIMITED WARRANTIES ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER EXPRESS AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES,

INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR

PURPOSE. THE FOREGOING LIMITED WARRANTIES SHALL NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE DURATION PROVIDED HEREIN.

Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on the duration of an implied warranty, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to You. This warranty gives You specific legal rights and You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.

This Limited Warranty is effective June 1, 2011 and replaces all undated warranties and warranties dated before June 1, 2011.

In the U.S.: BERKELEY, 293 Wright St., Delavan, WI 53115

In Canada: 269 Trillium Dr., Kitchener, Ontario N2G 4W5

16

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