Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning

Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning
QU ALIF ICAT ION H AN D B OOK
Level 2 Diploma in
Refrigeration, Air
Conditioning and Heat
Pump Systems (7189-02)
March 2014 Version 1.2
Qualification at a glance
Subject area
Refrigeration and air conditioning
City & Guilds number
7189
Age group approved
16+
Entry requirements
None
Assessment
By assignment/online multiple choice
Fast track
Available
Support materials
Qualification handbook
Assessment Task Manual
Registration and
certification
Consult the Walled Garden/Online
Catalogue for last dates
Title and level
Level 2 Diploma in
Refrigeration, Air
Conditioning and
Heat Pump Systems
2
City & Guilds
number
7189-02
Accreditation
number
600/6036/0
Version and
date
Change detail
Section
1.2 March 2014
Test specification for 209/509
added
4. Assessment
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
Introduction
Structure
Centre requirements
Approval
4
5
6
6
Resource requirements
7
Guidance note
8
Candidate entry requirements
8
Accreditation of prior learning (APL)
Delivering the qualification
Initial assessment and induction
8
9
9
Support materials
Assessment
Assessment of the qualification
Units
9
10
10
17
Unit 201/501 Health and safety in building services engineering 18
Unit 202
Scientific Principles within RAC and HP Systems
26
Unit 203
Apply scientific principles to practical vapour
compression systems
31
Unit 204
Functions and features of RAC and HP systems
34
Unit 205
Service and maintain RAC and HP systems
39
Unit 206
Install and commission RAC and HP systems
42
Unit 207
Electrical systems for RAC and HP systems
46
Unit 209/509 Handling fluorinated gases and ozone-depleting
substances Category I Personnel
50
Unit 210
Understand how to communicate with others within
building services engineering
54
Appendix 1
Relationships to other qualifications
57
Appendix 2
Sources of general information
58
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
3
1
Introduction
This document tells you what you need to do to deliver the qualification:
4
Area
Description
Who is the
qualification for?
For candidates who want to as refrigeration/air
conditioning engineers in the building services
engineering sector.
What does the
qualification cover?
It allows candidates to learn, develop and practise
the skills required for employment and/or career
progression in the refrigeration, air conditioning and
heat pumps sector.
What opportunities
for progression are
there?
Once learners have completed this qualification they
can progress onto a wide variety of other
qualifications. For further information please visit the
City & Guilds website at www.cityandguilds.com.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Structure
To achieve the Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning
and Heat Pump Systems, learners must achieve 51 credits from the
mandatory units.
City &
Guilds
unit
number
Unit
Unit title
accreditation
number
Credit
value
Credit
Level
GLH
201/501
T/503/9669
Health and safety in
building services
engineering
3
2
26
202
J/504/0745
Scientific Principles
within RAC and HP
Systems
10
2
82
203
R/504/0747
Apply scientific
principles to practical
vapour compression
systems
8
2
68
204
Y/504/0748
Functions and
features of RAC and
HP systems
9
2
87
205
D/504/0749
Service and maintain
RAC and HP systems
5
2
48
206
R/504/0750
Install and
commission RAC and
HP systems
5
2
47
207
Y/504/0751
Electrical systems for
RAC and HP systems
5
2
48
209/509
D/502/0629
Handling fluorinated
gases and ozonedepleting substances
Category I Personnel
3
2
30
210
J/602/2482
Understand how to
communicate with
others within building
services engineering
3
2
28
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
5
2
Centre requirements
Approval
Centres already offering City & Guilds qualifications
If your Centre is approved to offer the following qualifications:
• Certificate in Small Commercial Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Systems (6127)
• NVQ in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems (6087)
• NVQ Diplomas in Refrigeration/Air Conditioning (6187).
You can apply for the new Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air
Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-02) approval using the
fast track approval form, available from the City & Guilds website.
Centres should use the fast track form if:
• there have been no changes to the way the qualifications are
delivered, and
• they meet all of the approval criteria in the fast track form guidance
notes.
Fast track approval is available for 12 months from the launch of the
qualification. After 12 months, the Centre will have to go through the
standard Qualification Approval Process. The centre is responsible for
checking that fast track approval is still current at the time of application.
Centres NOT already offering City & Guilds qualifications
To offer this qualification, new centres will need to gain both centre and
qualification approval. Please refer to the Centre Manual - Supporting
Customer Excellence for further information.
Centre staff should familiarise themselves with the structure, content and
assessment requirements of the qualification before designing a course
programme.
6
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Resource requirements
Physical resources and site agreements
Centres can use specially designated areas within a centre to develop
practical skills and to assess the simulated practical assignments. The
equipment, systems and machinery must meet industrial standards and
be capable of being used under normal working conditions.
Human Resources
Staff delivering this qualification must be able to demonstrate that they
meet the following occupational expertise requirements. They should:
• be technically competent in the area(s) for which they are delivering
training and/or have experience of providing training
• hold appropriate qualifications detailed in this handbook
• have recent relevant experience in the specific area they are
assessing
• be able to demonstrate occupational competence in the areas of the
Building Services Engineering (BSE) for which they are delivering
training and/or assessment. This competence must be at a level equal
to, or above, the level of training being delivered and must include
current knowledge and skills of each industry (for which the
assessment is taking place), its techniques, settings, legislative and
regulatory requirements, codes of practice and guidance
• have credible experience of providing training and/or assessment.
Centre staff may undertake more than one role, eg tutor and assessor or
internal quality assurer, but must never verify their own assessments.
Assessors must;
•
•
hold, or be working towards TAQA (A1/A2 – D32/33 updated)
standards and continue to practice to these standards and possess
CPD evidence of personally maintaining these standards, or
have other suitable equivalent assessor qualifications endorsed by the
Sector Skills Council and/or the Awarding Organisation.
Assessor Occupational Competence
For the purposes of this qualification, occupational competence will be
deemed to have been demonstrated by the verifiable evidence of one,
preferably more, of the following:
• a relevant sector qualification equal to or at a level above the
training and/or assessment being delivered. Where earlier forerunner
qualifications are held eg City & Guilds Craft or Advanced Craft
Certificated, the assessor must demonstrate through CPD evidence a
thorough knowledge of the qualification standards that they meet the
required criteria
• an up-to-date CPD record including relevant CPD qualifications.
Assessors must either be able to demonstrate that they are registered
and up-to-date with their registration with an appropriate approved
industry registration body or have one or more relevant occupational
qualifications to demonstrate that they can be regarded as
occupationally competent in terms of assessing or verifying the
qualification and the unit contained
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
7
•
•
a verifiable CV of industry experience and current knowledge of
industry practice and techniques relevant to the occupational area in
which they assess. This verifiable evidence must be at or above the
level being assessed
a thorough knowledge and understanding of the qualification
standards and requirements.
Assessor continuing professional development (CPD)
The occupational competence of assessors must be updated on a regular
basis and be periodically reconfirmed via CPD evidence and quality
assured by City & Guilds.
It is the responsibility of the assessor to make use of opportunities for
CPD such as industry conferences and events, access to trade
publications and journals, SSC and professional/Trade Association events,
at least on an annual basis to enhance and upgrade their professional
development and technical knowledge.
It is imperative that evidence records of these CPD
opportunities/occasions are maintained and retained in a verifiable CPD
record.
Guidance note
Where questions arise about the occupational competence/qualification
of an individual/trainer/assessor, these should be referred to the centre’s
Qualifications Adviser for a decisions. The Qualification Advisor may
decide to refer the decision to the Portfolio/Group Portfolio Consultant for
further consideration.
Candidate entry requirements
City & Guilds does not set entry requirements for this qualification.
However, centres must ensure that candidates have the potential and
opportunity to gain the qualification successfully.
Age restrictions
City & Guilds cannot accept any registrations for candidates under 16 as
this qualification is not approved for under 16s.
Accreditation of prior learning (APL)
Guidance on APL between this qualification and the 6187 qualification will
be available on the website by the start of November 2012.
8
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
3
Delivering the qualification
Initial assessment and induction
An initial assessment of each candidate should be made before the start
of their programme to identify:
• if the candidate has any specific training needs
• support and guidance they may need when working towards their
qualification
• any units they have already completed, or credit they have
accumulated which is relevant to the qualification
• the appropriate type and level of qualification.
We recommend that centres provide an induction programme so the
candidate fully understands the requirements of the qualification, their
responsibilities as a candidate, and the responsibilities of the centre. This
information can be recorded on a learning contract.
Support materials
The following resources are available for this qualification:
Description
How to access
Level 2 Assessment Task Manual
City & Guilds website
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
9
4
Assessment
Assessment of the qualification
10
Unit
Number
Unit Title
Assessment method
Where to obtain
assessment materials
201/501
Health and
safety in
building
services
engineering
Practical Assignment (201)
City & Guilds on-line
multiple choice test (501)
The assessment covers the
knowledge and practical
requirements of the unit and
assesses all learning outcomes
to verify coverage of the unit.
Externally set assignment,
locally marked and externally
verified.
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden.
202
Scientific
principles
within RAC and
HP Systems
City & Guilds on-line
multiple choice test
The assessment covers the
knowledge requirements of the
unit and assesses all learning
outcomes to verify coverage of
the unit
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
203
Apply scientific
principles to
practical
vapour
compression
systems
City & Guilds on-line
multiple choice test
The assessment covers the
knowledge requirements of the
unit and assesses all learning
outcomes to verify coverage of
the unit
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
204
Functions and
features of RAC
and HP systems
City & Guilds on-line
multiple choice test
The assessment covers the
knowledge requirements of the
unit and assesses all learning
outcomes to verify coverage of
the unit
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
205
Service and
maintain RAC
and HP systems
Practical assignment
The assessment covers the
knowledge and practical
requirements of the unit and
assesses all learning outcomes
to verify coverage of the unit.
Externally set assignment,
locally marked and externally
verified.
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
206
Install and
commission
RAC and HP
systems
Practical assignment
The assessment covers the
knowledge and practical
requirements of the unit and
assesses all learning outcomes
to verify coverage of the unit.
Externally set assignment,
locally marked and externally
verified.
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
207
Electrical
systems for
RAC and HP
systems
Practical assignment
The assessment covers the
knowledge and practical
requirements of the unit and
assesses all learning outcomes
to verify coverage of the unit.
Externally set assignment,
locally marked and externally
verified.
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
209/509
Handling
fluorinated
gases and
ozonedepleting
substances
Category I
Personnel
Practical Assignment (209)
City & Guilds on-line
multiple choice test (509)
The assessment covers the
knowledge and practical
requirements of the unit and
assesses all learning outcomes
to verify coverage of the unit.
Externally set assignment,
locally marked and externally
verified.
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
210
Understand
how to
communicate
with others
within building
services
engineering
City & Guilds on-line
multiple choice test
The assessment covers the
knowledge requirements of the
unit and assesses all learning
outcomes to verify coverage of
the unit
Go to
www.cityandguilds.com
and navigate to the 7189
webpage. Password
available on the Walled
Garden
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
11
Test Specifications
Test: Unit 501 Health and safety in building services engineering
Duration: 1 hour 15 mins
Unit
Outcome
Number of
questions
%
01 Know health and safety legislation
4
10
02 Know how to handle hazardous situations
14
33
03 Know electrical safety requirements when
working in the building services industry
7
17
04 Know the safety requirements for working
with gases and heat producing equipment
8
19
05 Know the safety requirements for using
access equipment in the building services
industry
4
9
06 Know the safety requirements for working
safely in excavations and confined spaces in
the building services industry
5
12
Total
42
100
Test: Unit 202 Scientific principles within RAC and HP systems
Duration: 1 hour 30 mins
Other instructions: 300mm ruler, fine point pen/pencil/and A3
psychrometric chart must be provided by the centre for this test.
Unit
Outcome
Number of
questions
202
01 Know the standard units of measurement
used in the RAC sector
2
4
02 Know fundamental thermodynamics
13
28
03 Know the forms of heat as found in RAC
systems
5
11
4 Know the principles of pressure
4
9
5 Understand the pressure temperature
6
13
6 Understand the vapour compression cycle
4
9
7 Able to understand the psychrometric
processes in RAC systems
7
15
8 Know the general properties of materials
used in the RAC sector
4
11
45
100
Total
12
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
%
Test: Unit 203 Apply scientific principles to practical vapour compression
systems
Duration: 1 hour 30 mins
Unit
Outcome
Number of
questions
%
203
01 Know the principles of operation of the
vapour compression system
13
44
02 Know characteristics of line and pipe
systems used in RAC systems
4
13
03 Know how properties of air are controlled
5
17
04 Know the principles of operation of heat
pumps
4
13
05 Know the impact of operating conditions
on system performance
4
13
30
100
Number of
questions
%
Total
Test: Unit 204 Functions and features of RAC and HP systems
Duration: 50 mins
Unit
Outcome
204
01 Know the function of a range of RAC and
HP system components
6
24
02 Know the operating principles for a range
of RAC and HP system applications
4
16
03 Know the properties of refrigerants
4
16
04 Know the properties of oils
4
16
05 Know the operating principles of a range
of system controls
4
16
06 Know the operation of a range of test
instruments used in the RAC industry
3
12
25
100
Total
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
13
Test: Unit 209/509 Health and safety in building services engineering
Duration: 1 hour and 20 minutes (80 minutes)
Test
Section
Area
01
01.01
Identify standard units of temperature,
pressure, mass, density, and enthalpy
01.02
Describe basic theory of basic vapour
compressions cycle, including key terms, and
use of basic pH diagram
01.02
Describe the function of the four major
components/processes (compressor,
condenser, expansion device, evaporator)
01.02
Identify condition/state of refrigerant (ie
superheated vapour/2 phase mix/subcooled
liquid) by use of refrigerant comparator or
service gauge
01.02
Determine reasonable operating conditions
(sat. temperatures) for a condenser and
evaporator, for a range of applications
01.02
Describe features of zeotropic blends
04.01
Understand the function of and
role/importance of monitoring system
performance for indications that leakage has
occurred from:
a. valves – service, pressure relief
b. thermostats/pressure controls
c. liquid line, receiver sight glasses and
indicators
d. defrost controls
e. overloads
f. service gauge manifold and thermometer
g. oil control and separator systems
h. high pressure receivers
i. low pressure accumulators
02.01
02.02
Describe climate change and the Kyoto
Protocol
02.03
Understand direct and indirect Global
Warming Potential (GWP) of the common HFC
and HC refrigerants
02.04
Understand importance of energy efficiency
on greenhouse gas emissions to the
atmosphere
02.05
Describe the basic requirements of
Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006 and other
relevant regulations
03
02.06
04
04.01
02
14
No. of
questions
% of
overall
grade
13
32.5
6
15
Describe the equipment
records/commissioning data requirements to
be recorded in such records
2
5
Identify potential leakage points of
refrigeration/air conditioning and heat pump
2
5
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Test
Section
Area
No. of
questions
% of
overall
grade
04.02
04.06
equipment
05
04.03
State requirements and procedures for
handling, storage, transportation and
disposal of contaminated refrigerant and oil
2
5
06
04.04
04.06
Describe the function of a compressor and
the risks of refrigerant leakage or release
associated with it
2
5
04.05
Identify the state/condition of a compressor
that could lead to refrigerant release
04.04
04.06
Describe the function of a condenser and the
risks of refrigerant leakage or release
associated with it
2
5
04.05
Identify the state/condition of a condenser
that could lead to refrigerant release
04.04
04.06
Describe the function of an evaporator and
the risks of refrigerant leakage or release
associated with it
2
5
04.05
Identify the state/condition of a evaporator
that could lead to refrigerant release
04.04
04.06
Describe the function of a thermostatic
expansion valve and a capillary tube
restrictor, and the risk of refrigerant release
associated with them
2
5
04.05
Identify the state/condition of a thermostatic
expansion valve and capillary tube restrictor
that could lead to refrigerant release
03.01
03.02
Demonstrate knowledge of the potential of
2
HCFC refrigerants to deplete ozone, and the
effect of chlorine on ozone depletion. Identify
the ODP of various HCFC refrigerants in use
5
03.03
03.04
Describe the basic requirements of
Regulation (EC) 2037/2000 and the impact of
the Montreal Protocol
05.02
Describe the hazards associated with
refrigerant release, including
a cold burns
b asphyxiation
c thermal decomposition
d CNS effect
e cardiac sensitisation
Describe the hazards associated with flame
brazing
07
08
09
10
11
05.03
05.01
5
12.5
40
100
Describe the hazards associated with
pressure testing with nitrogen
Total
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
15
Test: Unit 210 Understand how to communicate with others within
building services engineering
Duration: 40 mins
Unit
Outcome
Number of
questions
%
210
01 Know the members of the construction
team and their role within the building
services industry
5
25
02 Know how to apply information sources in
the building services industry
9
45
03 Know how to communicate with others in
the building services industry
6
30
20
100
Total
16
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
5
Units
Availability of units
The following units can also be obtained from The Register of Regulated
Qualifications: http://register.ofqual.gov.uk/Unit
Structure of units
These units each have the following:
• City & Guilds reference number
• unit accreditation number
• title
• level
• credit value
• unit aim
• health and safety requirements
• learning outcomes which are comprised of a number of assessment
criteria
• notes for guidance, where applicable.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
17
Unit 201/501
Health and safety in building
services engineering
UAN:
T/503/9669
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
3
GLH:
26
Aim:
This combination unit provides learners with
the essential health & safety knowledge and
skills to demonstrate best practice in a
business services engineering environment
or sector. The unit provides learners with an
awareness of relevant legislation and should
underpin all business services engineering
activities learners take part in.
Health and safety:
Health and safety behaviour learned in this
mandatory unit should be displayed in all
arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know health and safety legislation.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 state the aims of health and safety legislation
1.2 identify the responsibilities of individuals under health and safety
legislation
1.3 identify statutory and non-statutory health and safety materials
1.4 identify the different roles of Health and Safety Executive in
enforcing health and safety legislation.
18
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Range
Health and safety legislation
The Health & Safety at Work Act, The Electricity at Work Regulations,
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations,
Working at Heights Regulations, Personal Protective Equipment at Work
Regulations (PPE), Lifting and Manual Handling Operations Regulations,
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, Control of Asbestos
at Work Regulations, Health, Safety and Welfare Regulations, Health and
Safety (First Aid) Regulations, Confined Spaces Regulations.
Individuals
Employers, employees and contractors, visitors to site.
Health and safety materials
Acts of Parliament, regulations, approved codes of practice, HSE
Guidance notes.
Roles
Improvement notice, prohibition notice, powers of prosecution,
providing advice and guidance.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know how to handle hazardous situations.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 identify common hazardous situations found on site
2.2 describe safe systems at work
2.3 identify the categories of safety signs
2.4 identify symbols for hazardous substances
2.5 list common hazardous substances used in the building services
industry
2.6 list precautions to be taken when working with hazardous
substances
2.7 identify the types of asbestos that may be encountered in the
workplace
2.8 identify the actions to be taken if the presence of asbestos is
suspected
2.9 describe the implications of being exposed to asbestos
2.10 state the application of different types of personal protective
equipment
2.11 identify the procedures for manually handling heavy and bulky
items
2.12 identify the actions that should be taken when an accident or
emergency is discovered
2.13 state procedures for handling injuries sustained on-site
2.14 state the procedures for recording accidents and near misses at
work.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
19
Range
Hazardous situations
Trailing leads, slippery or uneven surfaces, presence of dust and fumes,
handling and transporting equipment or materials, contaminants and
irritants, fire, working at heights, malfunctioning equipment, improper
use and storage of tools and equipment, potential presence of asbestos.
Safe systems at work
Method statements, permit to work systems, risk assessments, safety
signs and notices.
Categories
Mandatory, prohibition, information, warning.
Symbols
Toxic, harmful, corrosive, irritant, oxidising, extremely flammable.
Hazardous substances
Lead - solid and fume, solvents and lubricants, fluxes, jointing
compounds, sealants, gases – LPG, oxy-acetylene and carbon dioxide,
cleaning agents.
Precautions
PPE, ventilation, risk assessment, method statements, safe systems of
work.
Types of asbestos
White asbestos (Chrysotile), brown or grey asbestos (Amosite), blue
asbestos (Crocidolite), asbestos cement materials.
Actions
Stop working immediately, report to supervisor.
Implications
Long-term health implications (mesothelioma, asbestosis).
Personal protective equipment
Clothing protection including high visibility, Eye protection, Hand
protection, Head protection, Foot protection, Hearing protection,
Respiratory protection.
Procedures for manually handling
Single, two-person lift, mechanical lift.
Actions
Raising the alarm, contact emergency services, follow typical emergency
evacuation procedures, inform supervisor.
Procedures for handling injuries
Make self safe, make area safe, administer first aid where appropriate,
contact emergency services, contact nominated first aid person, contact
supervisor.
Procedures for recording accidents
RIDDOR, the use of company accident books, details to be recorded.
20
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. know electrical safety requirements when working in the building
services industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 identify the common electrical dangers to be aware of on site
3.2 list different sources of electrical supply for tools and equipment
3.3 describe reasons for using reduced low voltage electrical supplies
for tool and equipment on site
3.4 identify how to conduct a visual inspection of portable electrical
equipment for safe condition before use
3.5 state actions to take when portable electrical equipment fails
visual inspection
3.6 outline the Safe Isolation Procedure
3.7 state the procedures for dealing with electric shocks.
Range
Electrical dangers
Faulty electrical equipment, damaged electrical equipment, exposed
conductors, damaged insulation, worn electrical cables and cords,
trailing cables, proximity of cables, buried/hidden cables.
Sources
Battery powered supplies, 110 volt supplies, 230 volt supplies,
generating sets.
Reasons
Increased likelihood for damage to equipment, operative in better
contact with earth, protect from electric shock, reduces trailing leads.
Visual inspection
Checking for a valid PAT test, Inspection for general condition.
Actions
Remove from use, report to supervisor.
Procedures
Removal from supply, CPR method, contact emergency services, report
to supervisors, treatment of minor burns.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
21
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. know the safety requirements for working with gases and heat
producing equipment.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 identify different types of gases used on site
4.2 describe how bottled gases and equipment should be safely
transported and stored
4.3 describe how to conduct a visual inspection on heat producing
equipment for safe condition
4.4 describe how combustion takes place
4.5 state the dangers of working with heat producing equipment
4.6 state the procedures to follow on discovery of fires on site
4.7 identify different classifications of fires
4.8 identify types of fire extinguisher for different classifications of
fires.
Range
Types of gases
Propane, butane, oxy-acetylene, nitrogen.
Visual inspection
Inspection for general condition.
Combustion
Three elements of the fire triangle.
Dangers
Fires, burns, fumes, equipment damage, explosions.
Procedures
Raise the alarm, follow safety evacuation procedures, fight fire if trained
to do so.
Classifications of fires
Class A, B, C, D, electrical fires.
Fire extinguisher
Carbon dioxide, water, powder, foam.
22
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5. know the safety requirements for using access equipment in the
building services industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 identify different types of access equipment
5.2 select suitable equipment for carrying out work at heights based on
the work being carried out
5.3 describe the safety checks to be carried out on access equipment
5.4 describe safe erection methods for access equipment.
Range
Types of access equipment
Step ladders, ladders, roof ladders and crawling boards, mobile tower
scaffolds, podiums fixed scaffolds and edge protection, mobile elevated
work platforms including scissor lifts and cherry pickers, telescopic
ladders.
Work being carried out
Duration at work, action points for heights.
Safety checks
Visual, tagging, fit for purpose, secure level ground.
Access equipment
Step ladders, ladders, roof ladders, mobile tower scaffolds, podiums,
telescopic ladders.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
6. know the safety requirements for working safely in excavations and
confined spaces in the building services industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
6.1 identify the situations in which it may be necessary to work in
excavations
6.2 describe how excavations should be prepared for safe working
6.3 state precautions to be taken to make excavations safe
6.4 identify areas where working in confined space may be a
consideration
6.5 state safety considerations when working in confined spaces.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
23
Range
Prepared
Safe access into the excavation, trench support systems.
Precautions
Use of warning signs, use of barriers, vehicle proximity to excavation
edges.
Confined space
Drainage systems, Plant rooms, Main service duct-rooms, In tanks,
cylinders, boilers or cisterns, Under suspended timber floors, In roof
spaces.
Safety considerations
Ventilation, lighting, PPE, evacuation procedures, medical conditions,
lone working.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
7. be able to apply safe working practice.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
7.1 perform manual handling techniques
7.2 manually handle loads using mechanical lifting aids
7.3 demonstrate the safe method of assembly of access equipment
7.4 use access equipment safely.
Range
Manual handling
Single, two-person lift.
Access equipment
Step ladders, ladders, mobile tower scaffolds.
24
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Unit 201/501
Health and safety in building
services engineering
Supporting information
Guidance
Electrical equipment
Includes power tools, lights etc
Safe Isolation Procedure
Recommend referring to JIB Safe Isolation Procedure
On Site
Where reference to ‘on site’ is made in this unit, the intention is that this
covers building sites and domestic sites.
It is recommended that assessors cover employee rights in relation to
Health & Safety.
This First Aid element of this unit is not intended to replicate a full First Aid
course but to give learners the underpinning knowledge to understand
the types of injuries they may come across in a work place.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
25
Unit 202
Scientific Principles within
RAC and HP Systems
UAN:
J/504/0745
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
10
GLH:
82
Aim:
This unit provides learners with the
underpinning knowledge of scientific
principles refrigeration, air conditioning and
heat pumps systems. It is structured by first
introducing the units of measurement
followed by their application to the principles
of vapour compression systems.
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know the standard units of measurement used in the RAC sector.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 define the System International (SI) units of measurement.
Range
SI units of measurement Standard
Metre (length) m., Kilogram (mass) kg., Second (time) s., Kelvin
(temperature).
Derived
Area (m²), Volume (m³), Litres (L), Density (kg/m³), Velocity (m/s),
Acceleration (m/s2), Pressure (Pascal).
26
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know fundamental thermodynamics.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 describe the concept of temperature
2.2 describe temperature scales
2.3 define absolute zero
2.4 convert values between temperature scales
2.5 define the laws of thermodynamics
2.6 describe the concept of heat as energy in transition
2.7 describe how heat is transferred
2.8 state the unit of heat
2.9 state the unit used to describe the rate of heat transfer
2.10 describe how power is derived from energy and time values
2.11 define the units of power
2.12 calculate compressor input power.
Range
Temperature scales
Celsius, Kelvin.
Laws of thermodynamics
First law, second law.
Heat is transferred
Conduction, convection, radiation.
Calculate
Mass flow rate x enthalpy change.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. know the forms of heat as found in RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 describe latent heat processes
3.2 describe sensible heat processes
3.3 define specific heat capacity
3.4 define latent heat capacity
3.5 use formulae to calculate quantity of heat.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
27
Range
Latent heat processes
Melting (Fusion), freezing, sublimation, condensation, evaporation,
boiling.
Sensible heat processes
Super heating, sub-cooling, cooling, heating.
Formulae
Q=mC∆t, Q=mL.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. know the principles of pressure.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 define pressure
4.2 describe how units of pressure are derived
4.3 convert units of pressure
4.4 describe pressure scales.
Range
Units of pressure
Pascal, Bar, Millimetres of Hg.
Pressure scales
Atmospheric, absolute, vacuum, gauge.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5. understand the pressure temperature relationship.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 describe the impact of changing pressures on saturation
temperatures for a range of substances
5.2 describe two phase mixes
5.3 describe sensible heating processes in terms of superheat and subcooling
5.4 describe the ideal gas laws
5.5 describe Dalton’s Law of partial pressures
5.6 calculate a variable using the Combined Gas Law.
Range
Range of substances
Water, refrigerants.
Ideal gas laws
Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, combined gas law.
28
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
6. understand the vapour compression cycle.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
6.1 describe the vapour compression cycle
6.2 describe the pressure enthalpy chart
6.3 plot the vapour compression cycle using a pressure enthalpy
chart
6.4 calculate using a pressure enthalpy chart a range of variables.
Range
Pressure enthalpy chart
Pressure, temperature, constant quality, enthalpy, specific volume,
latent, superheat and sub-cooled zones.
Range of variables
Work done, refrigeration effect, total heat rejected, Coefficient of
Performance, mass flow rate, compression ratio.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
7. understand the psychrometric processes in RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
7.1 describe the properties of air
7.2 define the relationship between specific volume and specific
density
7.3 differentiate between wet and dry bulb temperatures
7.4 describe devices used for measuring wet and dry bulb
temperatures
7.5 describe the psychrometric chart
7.6 plot a point on the psychrometric chart using any two given
variables
7.7 define from a given point on the psychrometric chart the values
of remaining variables.
Range
Properties of air
Physical make-up, moisture content, temperature.
Devices
Sling psychrometer, hygrometer.
Psychrometric chart
Wet bulb temperature, dry bulb temperature, percentage saturation,
moisture content, specific volume.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
29
Learning outcome
The learner will:
8. know the general properties of materials used in the RAC and HP
sector.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
8.1 identify the properties of a range of materials
8.2 describe the common use of a range of materials.
Range
Range of materials
Steels (common varieties), copper and cuprous based alloys, aluminium
and its alloys, silver and its alloys, lead and its alloys, natural and
synthetic rubbers, plastics including PTFE, heavy metals.
Properties
Compatibility with oils and refrigerants, suitability for use in a food
processing environment, thermal expansion & contraction, brittleness,
elasticity, malleability, conductivity, ductility, corrosiveness.
30
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Unit 203
Apply scientific principles to
practical vapour compression
systems
UAN:
R/504/0747
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
8
GLH:
68
Aim:
This unit enables learners to apply scientific
principles to practical refrigeration systems.
The unit commences with the theory of
vapour compression systems in a practical
environment discussing the important
components and their operation. At its
completion learners will have studied from
basic systems through to system
performance evaluation.
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know the principles of operation of the vapour compression system.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 describe the function of an evaporator as defined by the pressure
enthalpy chart
1.2 distinguish on a typical DX evaporator the importance of the areas
of latent and sensible heat using the pressure enthalpy chart as a
reference
1.3 describe the function of a condenser as defined by the pressure
enthalpy chart
1.4 distinguish on an air-cooled condenser the importance of the areas
of latent and sensible heat using the pressure enthalpy chart as a
reference
1.5 describe the function of a compressor as defined by the pressure
enthalpy chart
1.6 describe the impact of superheat at the compressor inlet
1.7 describe the function of a metering device as defined by the
pressure enthalpy chart
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
31
1.8
1.9
identify the condition of the refrigerant entering the metering
device and its impact
describe the impact of refrigerant states entering the metering
device.
Range
Refrigerant states
Sub-cooled liquid, saturated liquid, saturated mixture.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know characteristics of line and pipe systems used in RAC systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 describe how pipe characteristics affect refrigerant and oil flow
2.2 describe the impact of pressure drop on system performance
2.3 describe the importance of pipe sizing for specific system
conditions
2.4 describe how oil can be returned to the compressor using
refrigerant vapour velocity.
Range
Pipe characteristics
Diameter, length, bends, fittings, orientation, equation of continuity.
System performance
Flash gas, oil return, velocity, saturation temperature.
Specific system conditions
Refrigerants, operating temperatures, system design.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. know how properties of air are controlled.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 describe how vapour compression systems control the
properties of air using a psychrometric chart
3.2 describe the range of air conditioning systems in common use
3.3 describe ideal storage conditions for a range of products.
Range
32
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Vapour compression systems
Split system for a single room cooling application, fruit and vegetable
chill store system.
Air conditioning systems
Comfort cooling/heating, close control, de-humidification specific.
Range of products
Unpackaged fresh fruit and vegetables, unpackaged meat, flowers.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. know the principles of operation of heat pumps.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 describe the operation of a ground source heat pump using a
pressure enthalpy chart
4.2 compare heat pump efficiency against traditional heating
methods
4.3 describe the range of heat pumps available.
Range
Traditional heating methods
Oil boiler, gas boiler, electric heating.
Range of heat pumps
Domestic & commercial ground source, air source, swimming pool heat
reclaim, district heating systems.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5. Know the impact of operating conditions on system performance
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 describe how system performance is affected when
environmental conditions change using a pressure enthalpy
chart
5.2 describe how system performance is affected by common system
faults using a pressure enthalpy chart.
Range
Environmental conditions
Higher than design ambient temperatures, lower than design ambient
temperatures.
Common system faults
Blocked condenser, blocked evaporator, shortage of refrigerant, large
load variations.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
33
Unit 204
Functions and features of RAC
and HP systems
UAN:
Y/504/0748
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
9
GLH:
87
Aim:
The purpose of this unit is to provide
learners with the knowledge of a range of
RAC and HP systems and their components.
Learners will be able to use their knowledge
of material properties, systems and their
components in order to relate to welldefined systems related problems.
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know the function of a range of RAC and HP system components.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 describe the construction of system components used in the RAC
and HP industry
1.2 describe the function of system components used in the RAC and
HP industry
1.3 describe the operating principles of system components used in
the RAC and HP industry.
34
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Range
System components compressors
Reciprocating, rotary, scroll.
Condensers
Air, liquid cooled.
Evaporators
Forced draft, induced draft, natural convection, liquid cooling, direct
expansion.
Expansion devices
Capillary, thermostatic expansion valves (internally and externally
equalised), orifice plates and tubes, electronic expansion valves (stepper
and pulse).
Ancillary components
Liquid and suction line driers, pressure relief valves, strainers, oil
separators, sight glass, service valves.
Storage vessels
Suction line accumulator, high pressure receivers.
Control valves
Four way reversing, solenoid, evaporator, crankcase, differential
pressure regulators, non return valves.
Fans
Axial, centrifugal.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know the operating principles for a range of RAC and HP system
applications.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 describe the operating principles of RAC and HP systems
2.2 describe how operating principles differ in a range of system
applications.
Range
Operating principles
Temperature difference (TD), airflow, defrost methods, system controls.
System applications
Chill store, cold store, liquid chilling, heat pumps, air conditioning,
dehumidifiers.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
35
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. know the properties of refrigerants.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 assess how well primary refrigerants meet ideal properties
3.2 assess how well secondary refrigerants meet ideal properties
3.3 select refrigerants for a range of applications
3.4 explain the differences between pure fluids, azeotropic and
zeotropic refrigerants
3.5 explain how the refrigerant numbering system categorises the
refrigerants.
Range
Primary refrigerant ideal properties
Has an odour, non-flammable, non-explosive, non-toxic, miscible with oil,
high latent heat value, low cost, easily leak detectable, manageable
pressure range, suitable saturation temperatures, non-ozone depleting,
non-global warming potential, high dielectric strength, high density, low
specific volume.
Primary refrigerants
HFC, HCFC, HC, natural refrigerants.
Secondary refrigerant ideal properties
Low viscosity, non-toxic, non-flammable, non-explosive, high specific
heat value, low cost, non-corrosive, low freezing point.
Secondary refrigerants
Water, propylene glycol, ethylene glycol.
Range of applications
Air conditioning, cold storage, chill storage, heat pumps, blast freezing.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. know the properties of oils.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 describe the properties of an ideal oil
4.2 explain why oils must be matched with the system refrigerant
4.3 explain the differences between synthetic and mineral oils.
Range
Properties
Low floc point, low pour point, low viscosity, high dielectric strength, low
foaming tendency, high flashpoint, low hygroscopic effect, low acidity,
low moisture content, low toxicity, high miscibility with refrigerant.
36
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5. know the operating principles of a range of system controls.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 describe the operating principles of system controls
5.2 describe the operating principles for defrost systems.
Range
System controls
Pressure controls, temperature controls (for cooling, for heating), time
controls, sequence controllers, flow switches.
System control operating principles
High pressure, low pressure, dead band, differential, proportional.
Defrost operating principles
Initiation, termination, defrost sequence.
Defrost systems
Off cycle, electric, hot gas, saturated gas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
6. know the operation of a range of test instruments used in the RAC
industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
6.1 identify the function of test instruments
6.2 describe how test instruments operate
6.3 describe how test instruments are used.
Range
Test instruments
Pressure gauges, service manifolds, thermometers, anemometers, sling
psychrometers, hydrometers, scales.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
37
Unit 204
Functions and features of RAC
and HP systems
Supporting information
Guidance
Information sources could be any of the following: DOSSAT, ASHRAE,
CIBSE, insulation and equipment manufacturers. Learners can be
introduced to Smartphone applications but these should not be used in
any assessment activities
38
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Unit 205
Service and maintain RAC and
HP systems
UAN:
D/504/0749
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
5
GLH:
48
Aim:
The purpose of this unit is for learners to
gain knowledge of the principles of servicing
and maintaining RAC and HP systems and
develop the skills needed to apply those
principles. The skills developed will enable
them to carry out service and maintenance
tasks on a variety of systems.
This unit refers to mechanical fault finding.
Fault finding on electrical circuits is
addressed in Service and Maintain RAC and
HP systems
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know service and maintenance principles for RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify faults on RAC and HP system components
1.2 describe symptoms of component faults in RAC and HP systems
1.3 describe maintenance requirements for RAC and HP systems
1.4 identify effects of component failure on other RAC and HP system
components
1.5 describe fault finding techniques used in RAC and HP systems
1.6 identify sources of information which aid service and
maintenance of RAC and HP systems
1.7 identify information included in documentation when completing
service and maintenance activities on RAC and HP systems.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
39
Range
RAC and HP system
Small commercial.
Components
Compressors, condensers, evaporators, capillary line, thermostatic
expansion valves (internally and externally equalised), orifice plates and
tubes, electronic expansion valves (stepper and pulse), liquid and suction
line driers, pressure relief valves, strainers, oil separators, service valves,
suction line accumulator, liquid receivers, four way reversing, solenoid,
evaporator, crankcase, differential pressure regulators, non return
valves, axial fans, centrifugal fans.
Maintenance
Planned preventative maintenance.
Requirements
Cleaning, component replacement, leak testing, visual inspection.
Fault finding techniques
Six point, half split, algorithmic.
Sources of information
Previous service reports, operations manuals, customer, senses.
Documentation
Log books, job sheets, certificates, site logs, permits to work,
maintenance sheets, parts requisition sheets.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know requirements of RAC and HP service and maintenance tools
and equipment.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 describe purpose of service and maintenance tools and
equipment
2.2 describe maintenance requirements of tools and equipment
2.3 identify inspection requirements of service and maintenance tools
2.4 describe safe storage of tools and equipment.
Range
Equipment
Vacuum pump, recovery rig, recovery cylinders, scales, oil pump, leak
indicators, flame brazing equipment, regulators.
Tools
Torque wrench, valve keys, flare block, hexagonal wrench, Torx wrench,
tube cutters, reamer, tube expander, Schrader key, flare spanners,
vernier calliper, inspection mirror, tube benders, tape measure.
40
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. be able to service and maintain RAC and HP system.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 identify faults on RAC and HP systems
3.2 prepare RAC and HP systems for service and maintenance
3.3 rectify RAC and HP systems faults
3.4 restore original state of RAC and HP systems following service and
maintenance
3.5 assess fitness for purpose of tools and equipment
3.6 record service and maintenance activities.
Range
Rectify
Replace components, cleaning components, calibrate, adjust, align.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
41
Unit 206
Install and commission RAC
and HP systems
UAN:
R/504/0750
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
5
GLH:
47
Aim:
This unit aims to develop in learners the
ability to apply a range of skills related to
installation and commissioning of small
commercial RAC and HP systems.
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. be able to prepare for installation of RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 collate information available prior to planning the installation
activities
1.2 list resources required for installation activities
1.3 identify roles and responsibilities of persons involved
1.4 conduct risk assessment for installation activities
1.5 complete permit to work
1.6 identify variations to original planned work
1.7 identify safe storage for all resources prior to commencement of
the installation
1.8 identify services required for the installation.
42
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Range
Information
Regulatory documents, industry codes of practice, manufacturers’
instructions, installation specifications.
Resources
Tools, equipment and materials, documentation.
Persons involved
Self, colleagues, supervisor, client, general public, health and safety
officer.
Complete
Prior to installation, on completion.
Services
Electricity, water, drainage, ventilation, gas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. be able to install RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 form pipework
2.2 position system components
2.3 assemble interconnecting pipework
2.4 fix pipework
2.5 use oxygen free nitrogen for purging during flame brazing
operations
2.6 use protective measures when flame brazing temperature
sensitive system components
2.7 apply insulation to pipework systems
2.8 fix cabling
2.9 terminate cabling
2.10 compare installed system with system drawings.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
43
Range
Form
Braze (oxy -acetylene), flare, bend, swage, other mechanical joints.
System components
Condensing units, evaporators, condensate drains, valves, electrical
cabling, drier, pressure switches, pumps, sight glass, vessels.
Fix
Vibration damping clamps, pipe saddles, blackboard clips, insulated
clamps.
Protective measures
Wet rag, non-conductive foam, temporary removal of low melting point
items.
Temperature sensitive system components
Thermostatic expansion valves, solenoid valves, vibration eliminators,
schrader valves, pressure transducers.
Apply
Pre-insulated, cut and glue, continuous, mitred, insulated tape.
Cabling
Multi-core flex, steel wire armoured, single conductor, twin and earth,
braided sheath cable, screened.
Terminate
Insulated crimps, non-insulated crimps.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. be able to commission RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 record commissioning activities.
Range
Commissioning activities
Visual checks, strength test, tight ness test, evacuation, charging, system
running, measure (Superheat, Subcooling, Evaporator air on and off
temperature, Running currents, Refrigerant type and quantity, condenser
air on and off).
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. be able to handover RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 demonstrate system operation
4.2 explain maintenance requirements for the system
4.3 document installation activities.
44
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Range
System operation
Heating, cooling, defrost, time clocks, auto/manual operation, system
controls
Document
Job sheet/card
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
45
Unit 207
Electrical systems for RAC and
HP systems
UAN:
Y/504/0751
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
5
GLH:
48
Aim:
This unit applies knowledge and related
practical skills required to undertake safe
testing and fault finding on small RAC and HP
systems under direction.
This unit refers to fault finding on electrical
circuits. Mechanical fault finding is
addressed in Service and maintain RAC and
HP systems
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know the fundamental principles of electrical systems used in RAC
and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify the fundamental principles of electricity
1.2 identify the fundamental principles of electrical circuits used
INRAC & HP circuits
1.3 identify the fundamental working principles of electrical controls
1.4 identify the working principles of electrical components
1.5 identify the starting arrangements for single phase compressor
motors.
46
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Range
Principles of electricity
Ohms Law, direct current and alternating current, potential difference,
resistance, capacitance, frequency, impedance, current, power,
electrical shock potential and its consequences.
Principles of circuits
Single phase, earthing and bonding, series, parallel.
Electrical controls
Pressure switches, thermostats, flow switches, over current/over
temperature (bimetal, PTC, NTC), relays (current, potential, solid state).
Electrical components
Single phase motors, coils, transformers, heaters, lights.
Starting arrangements
Resistance start induction run (RSIR), capacitor start induction run (CSIR),
capacitor start and run (CSR).
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know the requirements of electrical test instruments.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 identify the test instruments used to measure electrical circuits
2.2 identify scales used to measure electrical circuits
2.3 state when it is appropriate to carry out an insulation resistance
test using a megaohm meter
2.4 describe importance of Guidance Note GS38 for use of electrical
test instruments.
Range
Electrical circuits
Continuity, short circuit, open circuit, insulation resistance, polarity,
current, voltage, capacitance.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. be able to test electrical circuits.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 select testing instruments
3.2 check testing instruments are calibrated
3.3 use testing instruments on electrical circuits
3.4 record measurements.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
47
Range
Testing instruments
Multimeter, ammeter, voltmeter, megaohm meter, capacitance tester.
Electrical circuits
Continuity, short circuit, open circuit, insulation resistance, polarity,
current, voltage (a.c, d.c), capacitance.
Use
Use appropriate scales, operate safely.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. be able to fault find in electrical circuits for RAC and HP systems.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 identify electrical faults on RAC and HP systems components
4.2 replace faulty components
4.3 record recommissioning activities.
Range
Components
Motors, switches, heaters, relays, conductors, thermisters, transformers,
coils.
48
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Unit 207
Electrical systems for RAC and
HP systems
Supporting information
Guidance
If learners can use a multimeter that covers resistance, voltage and
capacitance they do not need to use separate testing instruments
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
49
Unit 209/509
Handling fluorinated gases
and ozone-depleting
substances Category I
Personnel
UAN:
D/502/0629
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
3
GLH:
30
Aim:
Through this unit learners will gain
knowledge of the theory and
thermodynamics of vapour compression
cycles and refrigerants. They will learn to
identify causes and effects of global
warming. Learners will develop skills to
fabricate and examine pipework and
pressure testing, taking account of health
and safety considerations.
Health and safety
Health and safety behaviour learned in
mandatory unit 201/501 should be displayed
in all arenas.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. identify basic systems, terms, principles, units and how these relate
to theory and thermodynamics of vapour compression cycles and
refrigerants.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify the standard units relating to Category I Systems
1.2 identify the terms and principles of basic theory/thermodynamics
that relate to Category I Systems.
50
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. identify the causes and effects of global warming and climate change.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 identify the stated causes of climate change
2.2 identify how the Kyoto Protocol aims to reduce the effect of effects
of greenhouse gas emissions
2.3 identify direct and indirect global warming potential (GWP) of the
common hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) and hydrocarbon (HC)
refrigerants
2.4 identify the importance of energy efficiency on greenhouse gas
emissions to atmosphere
2.5 identify the basic requirements of Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 and
other relevant regulations
2.6 identify the equipment records/commissioning data requirements
of Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 and all appropriate regulations and
standards.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. identify causes and effects of ozone depletion.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 identify ozone depletion potential (ODP) of
hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerants
3.2 identify the effect of chlorine on ozone depletion
3.3 identify the basic requirements of Regulation (EC) 2037/2000
3.4 identify the aims and impact of the Montreal Protocol.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4. identify stationary refrigerant, air conditioning and heat-pump system
components, functions and leakage risk.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 identify the function of and the role/importance of monitoring
system performance for indications that leakage has occurred from
equipment (control and line components) relating to category I
systems
4.2 identify potential leakage points of refrigeration/air conditioning
and heat pump equipment
4.3 identify the requirements and procedures for handling, storage,
transportation and disposal of contaminated refrigerant and oil
4.4 identify the function of stationary refrigeration, air conditioning and
heat-pump system equipment (major components)
4.5 identify how the state/condition of equipment (major components)
can lead to refrigerant release
4.6 identify the risks of refrigerant release associated with equipment
(major, control and line components).
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
51
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5. identify the hazards and safe working practices for the installation,
commissioning and handling of refrigerants.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 identify the hazards and safe working practices associated with
flame brazing
5.2 identify the hazards and safe working practices associated with
nitrogen pressure testing
5.3 identify the hazards and safe working practices associated with
refrigerant release.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
6. fabricate and examine pipework.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
6.1 fabricate pipework test piece by completing brazed and mechanical
joints to industry standards
6.2 install pipework test piece to testing station
6.3 visually examine pipework on testing station for signs of leakage
6.4 remove fabricated test piece from the system and inspect for
penetration by a cut and peel test, upon completion of refrigerant
recovery.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
7. undertake pressure testing, evacuation and record completion.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
7.1 determine appropriate test pressures to BS EN378 standards
7.2 conduct strength tests to BS EN378 standards
7.3 undertake leak / tightness pressure tests to BS EN378 standards
7.4 evacuate the system to below 2 Torr/2000 microns/m bar/270 Pa
7.5 complete pressure testing and evacuation records.
52
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Learning outcome
The learner will:
8. undertake refrigerant charging, leak checking and record keeping.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
8.1 charge zeotropic blend into a system
8.2 record the weight of refrigerant charged (3 kg or more)
8.3 run a charged system
8.4 identify state of refrigerant in cylinder prior to charging
8.5 identify state of refrigerant in system while running
8.6 visually inspect the system for leaks
8.7 use equipment to accurately determine that the charge is correct
8.8 undertake an indirect leakage check
8.9 use an electronic leak detector to carry out a direct leak check to EU
commission standard leak checking requirements
8.10 complete a leak check record
8.11 connect and disconnect gauges to/from running system with
minimal refrigerant loss (by reducing gauge pressure to safe
minimum) using a valve.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
9. undertake recovery of refrigerant and oil and prepare for disposal.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
9.1 recover refrigerant from system into recovery cylinder
9.2 record weight of refrigerant recovered
9.3 drain oil out of a compressor to meet health & safety requirements.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
53
Unit 210
Understand how to
communicate with others
within building services
engineering
UAN:
J/602/2482
Level:
Level 2
Credit value:
3
GLH:
28
Aim:
This knowledge unit provides learning in the
development and continued maintenance of
effective working relationships in the
building services industry associated with
work in dwellings, industrial and commercial
premises and for private and contract type
clients.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1. know the members of the construction team and their role within the
building services industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify the key roles of the site management team:
• architect
• project manager/clerk of works
• structural engineer
• surveyor
• building services engineer
• quantity surveyor
• buyer
• estimator
• contracts manager
• construction manager
1.2 identify the key roles of the individuals that report to the site
management team:
• sub contractors
• site supervisor
• trade supervisor
• trades:
54
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
1.3
bricklayer
joiner
plasterer
tiler
electrician
H&V fitter
gas fitter
decorator
groundworkers
identify the key roles of site visitors:
• building control inspector
• water inspector
• HSE inspector
• electrical services inspector.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2. know how to apply information sources in the building services
industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 identify the types of statutory legislation and guidance information
that applies to working in the industry:
• legislation:
o data protection
o equal opportunities
o health & safety
o employment
• regulations
• british standards
• codes of practice
• manufacturer guidance:
o installation instructions
o service & maintenance instructions
o user instructions
2.2 identify the purpose of information that is used in the workplace:
• job specifications
• plans/drawings
• work programmes
• delivery notes
• time sheets
• policy documentation – health & safety, environmental,
customer service
2.3
identify the purpose of information given to customers:
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
55
2.4
• quotations
• estimates
• invoices/statements
• statutory cancelation rights
• handover information
state the importance of company policies and procedures that
affect working relationships:
• company working policies/procedures:
o behaviour
o timekeeping
o dress code
o contract of employment
• limits to personal authority:
o apprentices
o level 2 qualified staff
o level 3 qualified staff
• supervisor and management responsibilities.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3. know how to communicate with others in the building services
industry.
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 identify suitable communication methods for use in work situations:
• oral communication
• written communication:
o e-mail
o fax
o letter
3.2 define methods of effective communication for people with:
• physical disabilities
• learning difficulties
• language differences:
o dialects
o accents
o foreign and second language issues
3.3 state the actions to take to deal with conflicts between:
• customers and operatives
• co-workers
• supervisors and operatives
3.4 state the effects that poor communication may have on an
organisation:
• between operatives
• between operatives and management
• company to customer.
56
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Appendix 1
Relationships to other
qualifications
Links to other qualifications
This qualification has connections to the:
• Level 3 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump
Systems (7189)
• Level 2 Diploma in Heating and Ventilating (7188)
• Level 3 Diploma in Heating and Ventilating (7188)
• Level 2 Diploma in Plumbing Studies (6035)
• Level 3 Diploma in Plumbing Studies (6035)
• Level 2 NVQ in Plumbing and Heating (6189)
• Level 3 NVQ in Plumbing and Heating (6189)
• Level 3 NVQ in Electrotechnical Services (2357)
• Level 2 NVQ in Heating and Ventilating (6188)
• Level 3 NVQ in Heating and Ventilating (6188)
• Level 2 NVQ in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (6187)
• Level 3 NVQ in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (6187)
• Level 2 Diploma in Electrical Installations (Buildings and Structures)
(2365)
• Level 3 Diploma in Electrical Installations (Buildings and Structures)
(2365)
Literacy, language, numeracy and ICT skills development
This qualification can develop skills that can be used in the following
qualifications:
• Functional Skills (England) – see
www.cityandguilds.com/functionalskills
• Essential Skills (Northern Ireland) – see
www.cityandguilds.com/essentialskillsni
• Essential Skills Wales – see www.cityandguilds.com/esw
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
57
Appendix 2
Sources of general
information
The following documents contain essential information for centres
delivering City & Guilds qualifications. They should be referred to in
conjunction with this handbook. To download the documents and to find
other useful documents, go to the Centres and Training Providers
homepage on www.cityandguilds.com.
Centre Manual - Supporting Customer Excellence contains detailed
information about the processes which must be followed and
requirements which must be met for a centre to achieve ‘approved
centre’ status, or to offer a particular qualification, as well as updates and
good practice exemplars for City & Guilds assessment and policy issues.
Specifically, the document includes sections on:
• The centre and qualification approval process
• Assessment, internal quality assurance and examination roles at the
centre
• Registration and certification of candidates
• Non-compliance
• Complaints and appeals
• Equal opportunities
• Data protection
• Management systems
• Maintaining records
• Assessment
• Internal quality assurance
• External quality assurance.
Our Quality Assurance Requirements encompasses all of the relevant
requirements of key regulatory documents such as:
• Regulatory Arrangements for the Qualifications and Credit Framework
(2008)
• SQA Awarding Body Criteria (2007)
• NVQ Code of Practice (2006)
and sets out the criteria that centres should adhere to pre and post centre
and qualification approval.
58
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
Access to Assessment & Qualifications provides full details of the
arrangements that may be made to facilitate access to assessments and
qualifications for candidates who are eligible for adjustments in
assessment.
The centre homepage section of the City & Guilds website also contains
useful information such on such things as:
• Walled Garden: how to register and certificate candidates on line
• Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF): general guidance
about the QCF and how qualifications will change, as well as
information on the IT systems needed and FAQs
• Events: dates and information on the latest Centre events
• Online assessment: how to register for e-assessments.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
59
Useful contacts
UK learners
General qualification
information
T: +44 (0)844 543 0033
E: [email protected]
International learners
General qualification information
T: +44 (0)844 543 0033
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2413
E: [email protected]
Centres
Exam entries, Certificates,
Registrations/enrolment,
Invoices, Missing or late exam
materials, Nominal roll reports,
Results
T: +44 (0)844 543 0000
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2413
E: [email protected]
Single subject qualifications
Exam entries, Results,
Certification, Missing or late exam
materials, Incorrect exam papers,
Forms request (BB, results entry),
Exam date and time change
T: +44 (0)844 543 0000
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2413
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2404 (BB forms)
E: [email protected]
International awards
Results, Entries, Enrolments,
Invoices, Missing or late exam
materials, Nominal roll reports
T: +44 (0)844 543 0000
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2413
E: [email protected]
Walled Garden
Re-issue of password or
username, Technical problems,
Entries, Results, e-assessment,
Navigation, User/menu option,
Problems
T: +44 (0)844 543 0000
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2413
E: [email protected]
Employer
Employer solutions, Mapping,
Accreditation, Development
Skills, Consultancy
T: +44 (0)121 503 8993
E: [email protected]
Publications
Logbooks, Centre documents,
Forms, Free literature
T: +44 (0)844 543 0000
F: +44 (0)20 7294 2413
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this
publication is true and correct at the time of going to press. However, City &
Guilds’ products and services are subject to continuous development and
improvement and the right is reserved to change products and services from
time to time. City & Guilds cannot accept liability for loss or damage arising
from the use of information in this publication.
If you have a complaint, or any suggestions for improvement about any of
the services that we provide, email:
[email protected]
About City & Guilds
As the UK’s leading vocational education organisation, City
& Guilds is leading the talent revolution by inspiring people
to unlock their potential and develop their skills. We offer
over 500 qualifications across 28 industries through 8500
centres worldwide and award around two million
certificates every year. City & Guilds is recognised and
respected by employers across the world as a sign of
quality and exceptional training.
City & Guilds Group
The City & Guilds Group operates from three major hubs:
London (servicing Europe, the Caribbean and Americas),
Johannesburg (servicing Africa), and Singapore (servicing
Asia, Australia and New Zealand). The Group also includes
the Institute of Leadership & Management (management
and leadership qualifications), City & Guilds Licence to
Practice (land-based qualifications), the Centre for Skills
Development (CSD works to improve the policy and practice
of vocational education and training worldwide) and
Learning Assistant (an online e-portfolio).
Copyright
The content of this document is, unless otherwise indicated,
© The City and Guilds of London Institute and may not be
copied, reproduced or distributed without prior written
consent. However, approved City & Guilds centres and
candidates studying for City & Guilds qualifications may
photocopy this document free of charge and/or include a
PDF version of it on centre intranets on the following
conditions:
•
centre staff may copy the material only for the purpose
of teaching candidates working towards a City & Guilds
qualification, or for internal administration purposes
•
candidates may copy the material only for their own use
when working towards a City & Guilds qualification
The Standard Copying Conditions (see the City & Guilds
website) also apply.
Please note: National Occupational Standards are not © The
City and Guilds of London Institute. Please check the
conditions upon which they may be copied with the
relevant Sector Skills Council.
Published by City & Guilds, a registered charity established
to promote education and training
City & Guilds
1 Giltspur Street
London EC1A 9DD
T +44 (0)844 543 0000
F +44 (0)20 7294 2413
www.cityandguilds.com
HB-01-7189
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems (7189-[02])
61
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement