Ultimaker 3
Ultimaker 3
Installation and user manual
Original manual v1.2
2017
Disclaimer
Please read and understand the contents of this installation and user manual carefully. Failure to read the manual
may lead to personal injury, inferior results or damage to the Ultimaker 3. Always make sure that anyone who
uses the 3D printer knows and understand the contents of the manual and makes the most out of the Ultimaker 3
or Ultimaker 3 Extended.
The conditions or methods used for assembling, handling, storage, use or disposal* of the device are beyond our control
and may be beyond our knowledge. For this and other reasons, we do not assume responsibility and expressly disclaim
liability for loss, injuries, damage, or expense arising out of or in any way connected with the assembly, handling, storage,
use or disposal of the product.*
The information in this document was obtained from sources which we believe are reliable. However, the information is
provided without any warranty, express or implied, regarding its correctness.
Intended use Ultimaker 3
Ultimaker 3D printers are designed and built for fused deposition modeling with Ultimaker engineering thermoplastics
within a commercial/business environment. The mixture of precision and speed makes the Ultimaker 3D printers the
perfect machine for concept models, functional prototypes and the production of small series. Although we achieved a
very high standard in the reproduction of 3D models with the usage of Cura, the user remains responsible to qualify and
validate the application of the printed object for its intended use, especially critical for applications in strictly regulated
areas like medical devices and aeronautics. While being an open material platform the best results will be achieved with
Ultimaker certified material, while effort has been made in order to match material properties with machine settings.
* We comply to the WEEE-directive.
Copyright © 2017 Ultimaker. All rights reserved worldwide.
This language version of the manual is verified by the manufacturer (Original manual).
No part of this publication, including pictures may be reproduced and/or made public, whether by printing, photocopying, microfilm or by
any other means whatsoever, without the prior written permission of Ultimaker.
2
Table of Contents
1. Safety and compliance
6
Safety messages
Hazards
7
8
2. Introduction
9
Main components Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended
Specifications
10
11
3. Unpack and install the hardware
12
Unboxing
Installing the hardware accessories
13
15
4. Set up for first use
17
Print core installation
Loading materials
Installing WiFi and firmware
Installing Cura
5. Operation
Control and display
Materials
Preparing a print with Cura
Starting a print
Monitoring your print
Removing the print
Removing support material
Changing materials and print cores
6. Maintenance
Updating the firmware
Calibrations
Lubricating the axles
Keeping the printer clean
Tensioning the belts
Storage and handling of materials
7. Troubleshooting
Error messages
Clogged print core
Grinding PVA
Print core not recognized
Print quality issues
18
19
21
22
23
24
25
26
28
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
39
40
42
43
44
45
46
48
49
50
3
Preface
This is the installation and user manual for your Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended. This manual contains chapters about
the installation and use of the 3D printer.
The manual contains important information and instructions on safety, installation and use. Please read all information and
follow the instructions and guidelines in this manual carefully. This ensures that you will obtain great quality prints and
that possible accidents and injuries will be prevented.
Make sure that everyone who uses the Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended has access to this manual.
Every effort has been made to make this manual as accurate and complete as possible. The information is believed to be
correct but does not aim to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. Should you discover any errors or omissions,
please bring this to our attention, so that we can make amendments. This will enable us to improve our documentation and
service to you.
4
Certifications
5
1
Safety and
compliance
It is very important to work safely with your
Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended.
This chapter is about safety and hazards.
Please read all information carefully to prevent
possible accidents and injuries.
6
Safety messages
This manual contains warnings and safety notices.
Provides additional information that is helpful to do a task or to avoid problems.
Warns of a situation that may cause material damage or injuries if one does not follow the safety instructions.
General Safety Information
The Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended generates high temperatures and has hot moving parts that can cause injury.
Never reach inside of the Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended while it is in operation. Always control the printer with
the button at the front or the power switch at the back. Allow the Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended to cool down for 5
minutes before reaching inside.
Do not change or adjust anything on the Ultimaker 3 unless the change is authorized by the manufacturer.
Do not store items in the Ultimaker 3.
The Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended is not intended for use by persons with reduced physical and/or mental
capabilities, or lack of experience and knowledge, unless they have been given supervision or instruction concerning the
use of the appliance by a person responsible for their safety.
Children should be under constant supervision when using the printer.
Intentional radio
This device may not cause harmful interference, and this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
7
Hazards
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is
operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
The EMC test report of the Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended is available on request at [email protected]
Electrical Safety
The Ultimaker 3 has been tested according to the IEC 60950-1, which falls under the low voltage directive.
The Ultimaker 3 must be used in conjunction with the Meanwell power supply GST220AX and delivered
power cord. In combination they guarantee safe use in relation to short-circuit, overload, over-voltage and over
temperature. For more information, please look at our website for the CB-report.
Always unplug the printer before doing maintenance or modifications.
Mechanical Safety
The Ultimaker 3 contains moving parts. No damage to the user will be expected from the drive belts. The force
of the build plate is big enough to give some damage, so keep hands out of the reach of the build plate during
operation.
Always unplug the printer before doing maintenance or modifications.
Risk of Burns
There is a potential risk of burns: the print head can reach temperatures up to 280 °C, while the heated bed can
reach temperatures of 100 °C. Do not touch both with your bare hands.
Always allow the printer to cool down for 30 minutes before performing maintenance or modifications.
Health and Safety
The Ultimaker 3 is designed for Ultimaker PLA, Ultimaker ABS, Ultimaker CPE, Ultimaker Nylon and Ultimaker
PVA. Our materials can be printed safely if the recommended temperatures and settings are used. We recommend
to print all Ultimaker materials in a well-ventilated area. Please check the SDS of each specific material for more
information.
Non-Ultimaker materials could release VOC’s (volatile organic compounds) while processed in Ultimaker 3D printers
(not covered by warranty). These can cause headaches, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, drowsiness, malaise, difficulty in
concentration and feeling of intoxication. Usage of a fume hood is recommended. Take a look the SDS of these materials
for more information.
8
2
Introduction
Meet your Ultimaker 3 and learn what
the possibilities of this 3D printer are.
9
Main components Ultimaker 3 or Ultimaker 3 Extended
3
1
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
7
2
6
Build plate
Print head
Build plate screws
Build plate clamps
Push/rotate button
Display
USB socket
8
3
5
14
4
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
9
9
13
12
10
11
Feeder 2
Bowden tubes
Feeder 1
Ethernet port
Cable cover
Double spool holder with NFC cable
Power cable
The model exposed is the Ultimaker 3. The main components of the Ultimaker 3 Extended are the same and on the
exact same position. The only difference between the two printers is the height of the housing. See Specifications
for the different dimensions.
10
Specifications
Printer and printing properties
Technology
Print head
Build volume
Filament diameter
Layer resolution
XYZ accuracy
Print head travel speed
Build speed
Build plate
Build plate temperature
Build plate leveling
Supported materials
Nozzle diameter
Nozzle temperature
Nozzle heat up time
Build plate heat up time
Operating sound
Material recognition
Connectivity
Monitoring
Physical dimensions
Dimensions
Dimensions (with bowden tube and spool holder)
Nett weight
Shipping weight
Shipping box dimensions
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
Dual extrusion print head with a unique auto-nozzle
lifting system and swappable print cores
Ultimaker 3
Ultimaker 3 Extended
Left nozzle: 215 x 215 x 200 mm
215 x 215 x 300 mm
Right nozzle: 215 x 215 x 200 mm
215 x 215 x 300 mm
Dual material: 197 x 215 x 200 mm
197 x 215 x 300 mm
2.85 mm
0.4 mm nozzle: 20 - 200 micron
12.5, 12.5, 2.5 micron
30 - 300 mm/s
0.40 nozzle: up to 16 mm³/s
Heated glass build plate
20 - 100 ºC
Active leveling
Nylon, PLA, ABS, CPE, PVA
0.4 mm
180 - 280 ºC
< 2 min
< 4 min (20 - > 60 ºC)
50 dBA
Material recognition with NFC scanner
Wi-Fi, LAN, USB port
Live camera
Ultimaker 3
342 x 380 x 389 mm
342 x 505 x 588 mm
10,6 kg
15,5 kg
390 x 400 x 565 mm
Ultimaker 3 Extended
342 x 380 x 489 mm
342 x 505 x 688 mm
11,3 kg
16,8 kg
390 x 400 x 680 mm
Power requirements
Input
Output
100 - 240V
4A, 50-60Hz
221 W max.
24 V DC, 9.2 A
Ambient conditions
Operating ambient temperature
Nonoperating temperature
15 - 32 ºC, 10 - 90% RH non condensing
See material specifications for optimal conditions
0 - 32 ºC
Software
Supplied software
Supported OS
File types
Cura, our free print preparation software
macOS, Windows and Linux
STL, OBJ and 3MF
11
3
Unpack and install
the hardware
Carefully unpack your Ultimaker 3 or
Ultimaker 3 Extended and set up the hardware
according to the instructions in this chapter.
12
Unboxing
The Ultimaker comes in reusable, durable packaging, specially designed to protect your Ultimaker 3.
Unpacking
Follow the steps below properly to unpack your Ultimaker 3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Take the Ultimaker 3 out of the cardboard box.
Loosen the strap by opening the buckle.
Remove the top part of the styrofoam packaging with the two spools of filament and factory test print in it.
Take out the accessory box.
Remove the styrofoam part that is placed at the front bottom side of the Ultimaker 3.
Take the Ultimaker 3, remove the bottom styrofoam part and place the Ultimaker 3 on a flat surface.
Cut the zip tie that secures the print head.
Remove the piece of tape from the print head.
13
This in the box
Besides the spools of PLA (350 g) and PLA (350 g), test print and a quick start guide, the Ultimaker 3 is supplied with
several hardware accessories. Check if all these accessories are included before continuing.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Power cable (under the printer)
Power adapter
Ethernet cable
Spool holder with NFC cable
Material guide
Cable cover
Glass plate
Calibration card
Print core AA 0.4 and print core BB 0.4
Another print core AA 0.4 is placed in print head slot 1 of the Ultimaker 3.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Hex screwdriver
USB stick
XY calibration sheet
Glue stick
Magnalube grease (for Z trapezoidal leadscrew)
Machine oil (for X/Y/Z axles)
3
4
5
1
2
10
6
9
15
7
14
8
13
11
12
14
Installing the hardware accessories
Placing and connecting the NFC spool holder
1.
2.
3.
4.
Gently place the printer on its left side.
Insert the spool holder into the back panel. First place the top part in the hole and push until it snaps into place.
Connect the NFC cable to the NFC socket. The flat side of the connector faces away from the bottom panel.
Guide the NFC cable through the notch in the back panel.
If you have an Ultimaker 3 you should coil the remaining cable up against the back panel, so that it fits behind the cable cover properly. This is not necessary for the Ultimaker 3 Extended.
5. Insert the cable cover into the back panel to keep the cable in place.
6. Gently place the Ultimaker 3 upright.
15
Placing the glass plate
1. Open the two build plate clamps at the front of the build plate.
2. Gently slide the glass plate onto the build plate and ensure that it snaps into the build plate clamps at the back.
3. Close the two build plate clamps at the front to secure the glass plate.
Leaving the build plate clamps open may damage your Ultimaker 3 when the build plate is raised.
Connecting the power supply
1. Connect the power cable to the power adapter.
2. Plug the power cable into the wall socket.
3. Connect the other side of the power adapter to the Ultimaker 3. The flat side of the connector needs to face
downwards. Before you push the cable firmly into the port, you have to pull the sliding mechanism back. When the
cord is in the printer you can let go to lock it into place.
16
4
Set up for first use
After installing the accessories, you have to set
up the printer for the first use. In this chapter you
find the steps to be taken for print core installation,
loading the materials, setting up WiFi, updating the
firmware and installing Cura software.
17
Print core installation
To perform the setup steps, turn on the printer with the power switch at the back. The welcome setup appears on the
display. Rotate the button to navigate through the menus and press the button to confirm your selection.
The welcome setup won’t show up right away after turning on the Ultimaker 3. This will take approximately 45 seconds.
Print cores
The Ultimaker 3 uses two print cores in the print head, which are interchangeable.
There are two types of print cores:
• Type AA: for printing build material
• Type BB: for printing support material
Each Ultimaker 3 comes with two AA print cores - of which one is already installed in print head slot 1 - and one BB print
core. This means that it is possible to make prints with two build materials or with a build and support material.
The print cores contain information so that the printer always knows which print cores are installed and which materials
can be used with this print core.
Installing the second print core
During the welcome setup the second print core must be installed. To do this, follow the steps on the display of the
Ultimaker 3:
1. Open the print head fan bracket and press Continue.
2. The Ultimaker 3 will now automatically detect the print core (AA) that is placed in print head slot 1.
Confirm to continue.
3. Install the BB print core in print head slot 2 by squeezing the levers of the print core and sliding it into the print head.
Do not touch the chip on the back side of the print core with your hands.
Make sure you keep the print core completely vertical while installing it so it will smoothly slide into the print
head.
4. The Ultimaker 3 should now automatically detect the print core (BB) that is placed in print head slot 2.
Confirm to continue.
5. Close the print head fan bracket and confirm to proceed with the setup procedure.
18
Loading materials
Before you can start printing on the Ultimaker 3, you need to load materials into the printer. For the first use it is
recommended to use the spools of PLA and PVA that came with the Ultimaker 3.
Loading material 2
Material 2 will be loaded first, because this is the material that must be placed closest to the back side of the printer. Take
the following steps to load the material.
1. Place the spool with the material 2 (PVA) on the spool holder. Make sure to put it with the material in clockwise
direction, so that the material can enter feeder 2 from the bottom.
2. Wait until the Ultimaker 3 has detected the material.
3. Insert the end of the material into feeder 2 and gently push it until the material is grabbed by the feeder and is visible
in the bowden tube. Select confirm to continue.
Straighten the end of the material a bit so it can easily enter the feeder.
4. Wait for the Ultimaker 3 to heat up print core 2 and to load the material into the print head.
5. Confirm when the new material extrudes from the print head.
6. Wait a moment for print core 2 to cool down.
19
Loading material 1
Material 1 will be put on the material guide first before placing it on the spool holder to avoid tangling of the 2 materials
during printing. Follow the below steps to load material 1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
20
Take the material guide and hold it with the outer part towards you.
Place the material spool with material 1 (PLA) on the material guide with the material in counter-clockwise direction.
Guide the end of the material through the hole in the material guide. When you have done this, select continue.
Place the material guide - with material 1 on it - on the spool holder, behind material 2 and wait until it is detected
by the printer.
Insert the end of the material into feeder 1 and gently push it until the material is grabbed by the feeder and is visible
in the bowden tube. Select confirm to continue.
Wait for the Ultimaker 3 to heat up print core 1 and to load the material into the print head.
Confirm when the new material extrudes from the print head.
Wait a moment for print core 1 to cool down.
Installing WiFi and firmware
The Ultimaker 3 allows for printing wireless over a network. Therefore the next step is to connect your Ultimaker 3 to a
network.
Setting up WiFi
1. Wait until your Ultimaker 3 has created a WiFi hotspot. This can take a minute.
2. Move to your computer or smartphone and connect it to the wireless network of the printer. The name of the network
is shown on the display of the Ultimaker 3.
3. A pop-up will appear on the display of your computer. Follow the steps to connect the Ultimaker 3 to your local WiFi
network. The pop-up will disappear when you have completed these steps.
When the pop-up does not appear, open a browser and type “Ultimaker.com”.
4. Go back to the Ultimaker 3 to continue with the setup for first use.
Within some network environments the Ultimaker 3 may experience difficulties connecting wireless. When this
happens, re-run the WiFi setup from another computer or smartphone.
If you skip this process you can always re-do the WiFi setup after completing the welcome setup by going to System g Network g Run WiFi setup.
Updating the firmware
As a last step the Ultimaker 3 will check if the latest firmware is installed. If not, it will get the latest firmware from the
network and install it. This will take several minutes.
21
Installing Cura
For the Ultimaker 3, we recommend our free slicer software Cura to prepare your 3D print files. Cura can accurately convert
3D models into 3D print files, preview the objects you want to print and send them to your Ultimaker 3.
For the Ultimaker 3 you must use Cura 2.3 or higher.
System requirements
Accepted platforms
• Windows Vista or higher (64 bit)
• Mac OSX 10.7 or higher (64 bit)
• Linux Ubuntu 14.04, Fedora 23, OpenSuse 13.2, ArchLinux or higher (64 bit)
For Windows 32 bit is supported until Cura 2.3.
System requirements
• OpenGL 2 compatible graphics chip
• Intel Core 2 or AMD Athlon 64 or newer
• At least 4Gb of RAM (8Gb or more is recommended)
Compatible file types
• STL
• OBJ
• 3MF
Installation
The Cura software can be found at www.ultimaker.com/software. After downloading, open the installer and run the
installation wizard to complete the installation. When opening Cura for the first time, you will be asked to select your
3D printer, the Ultimaker 3. No other configuration is required and you can directly start using Cura.
22
5
Operation
After installation, it is time to start printing
with your Ultimaker 3. This chapter provides
information about the control and display,
materials, Cura, starting and monitoring your
print, removing the print and support material, and
changing materials and print cores.
23
Control and display
Control
After switching the Ultimaker 3 on with the power switch at the back, the printer can easily be controlled with the
push/rotate button at the right side of the display. The button allows the following actions:
• Rotate to scroll through a menu or to select an option.
• Push to confirm a selection or action.
When pushing the button you will hear a “beeping” sound to confirm the action. A blinking button means the Ultimaker 3
is waiting for user input.
Display and menus
The display at the front side of the Ultimaker 3 shows all the necessary information for setting up and using your
Ultimaker 3. When turning on the Ultimaker 3 for the first time you will be guided through the welcome setup. When
turning on your Ultimaker 3 after the first use, you will always see the Ultimaker logo first after which the main menu
appears. The main menu offers three options: Print, Material/PrintCore and System.
Print
The Print menu allows you to select a print, when using a USB stick. While printing, the menu also allows you to tune the
print, and change the settings for instance.
Material/PrintCore
With the Material/PrintCore menu you can change, load and unload materials and print cores. Furthermore, you can move
the material and manually set the temperature of each print core.
System
The System menu offers various options to control the network, build plate, print head and frame light, and to perform
maintenance and diagnostics tests. These options in the menu are especially useful when performing maintenance or
troubleshooting your printer.
24
Materials
Material combinations
As explained in chapter 4, the Ultimaker 3 comes with two print cores for build material (AA) and one print core for support
material (BB). The AA print cores can be used for printing PLA, ABS, CPE and Nylon. The BB print core can be used for PVA.
If you want to print with two materials, the following combinations of Ultimaker materials are officially supported:
• PLA - PVA
• Nylon - PVA
• PLA - PLA
• ABS - ABS
• CPE - CPE
Although the Ultimaker 3 has an open material system, the use of Ultimaker material on the printer is recommended. All
Ultimaker materials have been tested extensively and have optimized profiles in Cura to ensure the best print result.
Using Ultimaker materials will also allow you to benefit from the NFC detection system. Ultimaker spools will
automatically be recognized by the Ultimaker 3 and this information can be directly transferred to Cura when connected
via the network. This allows for a seamless connection between the printer and Cura software.
Material settings
Each material requires different settings for optimal results. Here you can find an overview of the recommendations for
printing with Ultimaker materials.
Temperature and cooling
The below table gives overview of the recommended temperature and cooling settings per material. These settings are
automatically set correctly in Cura when selecting one of the material profiles.
Material
Nozzle
temperature (°C)
Build plate
temperature (°C)
Fan speed
(%)
PLA
195 - 205
60
100
ABS
225 - 240
80
5
CPE
235 - 250
70
50
Nylon
245 - 255
60
40
PVA
215 - 225
60
50
Build plate adhesion
For all materials that are supported on the Ultimaker 3 (PLA, ABS, CPE, Nylon and PVA) it is recommended to apply a thin
layer of glue to the glass plate before starting a print. This will not only enhance good adhesion, but specifically for ABS
and CPE it will also work as a protective layer for the glass plate. You can use the glue stick from the accessory box for this.
Furthermore, it is advised to print all materials with a ‘brim’ as platform adhesion type. A brim will print some extra lines
of plastic around the object on the first layer to let the model adhere well and to minimize warping. This setting is selected
by default in all the Cura profiles for these materials on the Ultimaker 3. Please note that if you are printing PLA or Nylon in
combination with PVA, it is recommended to print the adhesion type in PVA.
25
Preparing a print with Cura
After you have added the Ultimaker 3 in Cura, the main interface will become visible. Here is an overview of the interface.
When preparing a model, you always need to make sure that the print core and material configuration match with
the configuration on your Ultimaker 3. If you are using the network you can allow Cura to automatically transfer the
configuration from your Ultimaker 3 to Cura.
Printing with PVA support
To slice a model with PVA support, take the steps described below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
26
Load the model into Cura by clicking the “Open File” folder icon (top left corner).
Use the Adjustment Tools to position, scale and rotate the object if desired.
In the Sidebar, check if the print cores and materials are correct. Print core 1 should be AA and print core 2 BB.
Select a profile quality (Draft Print, Fast Print, Normal Quality or High Quality) on the Sidebar.
Select “Helper Parts” on the Sidebar. Set the desired strength and choose the print core for support.
To view the result of the selected profile and support settings, go to the “View mode” and select “Layers”.
In the bottom right corner, select “Save file”, “Save to USB” or “Print over network” depending on the printing method.
Printing with two colors
To create a dual color print, two model files (exported to fit together) are required. This is necessary to assign the two
colors to the objects. Follow the below steps to create a dual color print with Cura.
1. Load both model files into Cura by clicking the “Open File” folder icon (top left corner).
2. In the Sidebar, check if the print cores and materials are correct. Both print cores should be AA.
3. Select the object that you want to print with print core two, go to “Per model settings” (left side of the screen) and
select “Print model with print core 2”.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
All loaded objects are printed with print core 1 by default. Therefore it is only necessary to manually set the print core for the object that you want to print with print core 2.
Select all models (shift + left click) and merge them by a right click on one of the models and select “Merge models”.
Use the Adjustment Tools to position, scale and rotate the object if desired.
Select a profile quality (Draft Print, Fast Print, Normal Quality or High Quality) on the Sidebar.
To view the result of the selected profile settings, go to the “View mode” and select “Layers”.
In the bottom right corner, select “Save file”, “Save to USB” or “Print over network” depending on the printing method.
Printing with one material
Although the Ultimaker 3 allows printing with two materials at the same time, it is also possible to make single extrusion
prints. The workflow for this is described below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Load the model into Cura by clicking the “Open File” folder icon (top left corner).
Use the Adjustment Tools to position, scale and rotate the object if desired.
In the Sidebar, check if the print core and material are correct. Print core 1 should be set to AA.
Select a profile quality (Draft Print, Fast Print, Normal Quality or High Quality) on the Sidebar.
Select “Helper Parts” on the Sidebar and set the desired strength.
To view the result of the selected profile, go to the “View mode” and select “Layers”.
In the bottom right corner, select “Save file”, “Save to USB” or “Print over network” depending on the printing method.
For more instructions on how to use Cura take a look at the Cura manual on our website.
27
Starting a print
Printing from Cura
The Ultimaker 3 offers the possibility to print over a network, either via WiFi or Ethernet. This can be done when your
Ultimaker 3 and computer are connected to the same network.
WiFi
To start a print over WiFi via Cura, take the following steps:
1. Install WiFi (if not done yet) by going to System g Network g Run WiFi setup and follow the steps on the display.
2. Enable WiFi in the network menu.
3. In Cura go to Settings g Printers g Manage printers.
4. Click on the “Connect via network” button.
5. Select your Ultimaker from the list of printers that are shown and click “Connect”.
Select “Add” in this screen to configure an Ultimaker 3 by IP address manually.
Cura will ask if you want to transfer configuration from your Ultimaker 3 to Cura. Select “yes” to automatically
transfer them. When selecting “no”, make sure you select the correct settings manually.
If you connect to a printer for the first time you need to authorize the connection on the printer.
6. Slice your 3D model in Cura.
7. Press “Print over network” to start the print.
Ethernet
To print via an Ethernet connection, the following steps must be taken:
1. Connect the LAN cable to socket on the back side of the Ultimaker 3.
2. Enable Ethernet in the network menu.
3. In Cura go to Settings g Printers g Manage printers.
4. Click on the “Connect via network” button.
5. Select your Ultimaker from the list of printers that are shown and click “Connect”.
Cura will ask if you want to transfer configuration from your Ultimaker 3 to Cura. Select “yes” to automatically
transfer them. When selecting “no”, make sure you select the correct settings manually.
If you connect to a printer for the first time you need to authorize the connection on the printer.
6. Slice your 3D model in Cura.
7. Press “Print over network” to start the print.
28
Printing with USB
When it is not possible to print via a network, 3D print files can still be transferred to your Ultimaker 3 with a USB stick.
1. Place the USB stick in your computer.
2. Slice your 3D model in Cura. Ensure that the print core and material configuration in Cura match the configuration on
your Ultimaker 3 or change the configuration on your printer to match the settings in Cura.
3. Save the print file (.gcode) via the “Save to removable drive” button to the USB stick.
4. Eject the USB stick in Cura and remove it from your computer.
5. Place the USB stick in the Ultimaker 3 (front side, next to the display).
6. Go to Print and select the file you want to print.
Ultimaker 3 App
Besides using Cura or the USB stick, the Ultimaker 3 allows you to print directly from your phone or tablet using the
Ultimaker 3 App. The Ultimaker 3 App can be downloaded from the App Store or Google Play. More information can be
found on www.ultimaker.com/en/products/ultimaker-3-app.
To print a model through the Ultimaker 3 App, follow these steps:
1. Connect to your Ultimaker 3 by selecting the model from the list of discovered printers, or manually add a printer with
the IP address.
If you connect to a printer for the first time you need to authorize the connection on the printer.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Select ‘Start a new print’.
Load a 3D model from your device or YouMagine, or print the Ultimaker Robot.
Use the 3D preview function to check the model on the build plate and select ‘Print’.
Check the materials configuration and select ‘Next’.
Select a print quality profile, choose your support material and toggle your option for the brim function.
Slice the model by selecting the ‘Slice’ button.
Start the print by selecting ‘Start print’.
29
Monitoring your print
Once the print is running via network or if you connect to your Ultimaker 3 from Cura, you can monitor the print.
This allows you to view the progress of your prints and spot failures, and to control your Ultimaker 3 from a distance.
To open the print monitor, click on the printer icon in the top right corner. The printer icon should have a green checkmark
next to it when it is ready to start a print. While the Ultimaker 3 is printing blue dots will be displayed next to the printer
icon.
You will find:
• A live camera connection to your Ultimaker 3
• Print information (temperatures, job name, printing time and estimated time left)
• A “pause” and “abort” button to control the printer from a distance
30
Removing the print
Once your 3D print is finished it must be removed from the build plate. There are several methods to use, depending on
how the print is adhered to the build plate.
Wait for cool down
If you printed directly on the glass plate without using an adhesive and if the build plate was not leveled too tight, the print
may easily be removed once it is cool. Simply allow the build plate and the print to cool down after printing. The material
will contract as it cools and you can easily remove the print from the build plate.
Use a spatula
If your print doesn’t remove from the build plate after cooling, you can use a spatula to remove the print. Place the spatula
under the print and apply a small amount of force to remove the print.
Take the glass plate out of the printer to avoid damage on the build plate clamps.
Use water
If neither of these methods works, remove your print using water. Remove the glass plate and print from the Ultimaker 3.
Be careful not to burn your fingers if the glass plate is still warm. Run cool tap water on the back side of the plate to cool
quickly. The print material will contract more than with normal cool down. Once cool, the print can be popped off.
If glue was used on the glass plate, run lukewarm water over the print side of the plate to dissolve the glue. Once the glue
is dissolved, it is easier to remove the print. If PVA was used, place the glass plate and print in water to dissolve the PVA.
This makes print removal easier.
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Removing support material
Prints for which PVA has been used as support material require some post-processing to remove the PVA support material.
This can be done by dissolving the PVA in water.
Submerge the print in water
By putting a print with PVA in water the PVA will slowly dissolve. You can however speed up this process in
a few ways:
• By using warmer water a slight decrease in dissolving time can be reached. When you do this, make sure you use a
maximum temperature of 35 °C if your build material is PLA to avoid deformation of the PLA. Do not go above
50 °C for Nylon to prevent burns.
• Use stirring/running water to decrease the dissolving time significantly. When the water moves PVA will dissolve much
faster, which means that it can be dissolved in under three hours.
• Additionally you make it even easier for the PVA to dissolve, by putting the print in water for approximately
10 minutes first, after which you can remove most of the support by using pliers. When you now put the print back in
the water, it only has to dissolve the remaining parts of PVA.
Rinse with water
After PVA supports are totally dissolved, rinse the print with water to remove any excess PVA.
Let the print dry
Let the print dry completely and apply additional post-processing to the build material if necessary.
Disposal of waste water
Since PVA is biodegradable it is quite easy to dispose the water afterwards. The water can be disposed through the drain
when the waste water distribution network is connected to a wastewater treatment plant. After disposing the water, run hot
water from the tap for approximately 30 seconds to remove any excess of the saturated PVA water from the drain and to
avoid clogging on a long term.
It is possible to use the water for more than one print, but this might extend the dissolving time. The water will get
saturated by previously dissolved PVA, so for the quickest result it is always recommended to use new water.
32
Changing materials and print cores
Changing materials
Materials can be changed easily on the Ultimaker 3 by using the procedure from the menu. Besides changing a material
you also have the option to only load or unload a material.
Make sure compatible print cores are installed before you insert materials.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Go to the menu Material/PrintCore g Material 1 or 2 g Change.
Wait for the print core to heat up and reverse the material.
Remove the material from the feeder and spool holder.
Place the new material on the spool holder and wait until the Ultimaker 3 detects it.
When using non-Ultimaker material, you can select a material manually.
5. Insert the material into the feeder and push it until the feeder grabs it.
6. Confirm that you have inserted the material into the feeder by pushing the button at the front side of the Ultimaker 3.
7. After the material has been forwarded, wait until it extrudes from the print head and then push on the button.
Changing print cores
Print cores can be changed easily on the Ultimaker 3 by using the procedure from the menu. Besides changing a print core
you also have the option to only load or unload a print core.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Go to the menu Material/PrintCore g PrintCore 1 or 2 g Change.
Wait for the print core to heat up, reverse material and cool down again.
Open the print head fan bracket.
Remove the print core carefully by squeezing the levers and sliding the print core out of the print head.
Do not touch the chip on the back side of the print core with your hands.
5. Insert the new print core in the print head.
Make sure you keep the print core completely vertical while removing or installing it so it will smoothly slide out
of/into the print head.
6. Close the print head fan bracket.
7. Wait for the Ultimaker 3 to load the material into the print core and cool down again.
It is not possible to change a material and print core at the same time. If you want to change both, you must first
unload the material, then change the print core and after that load the new material.
33
6
Maintenance
In order to have a smoothly working
Ultimaker 3 it is important to maintain it correctly.
In this chapter the most important maintenance
tips are described. Read them carefully in order
to achieve the best results with your Ultimaker 3.
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Updating the firmware
Periodically, a new version of the Ultimaker 3 firmware is released. To ensure that your Ultimaker 3 is equipped with the
latest features it is recommended to update the firmware regularly. This can be done on the Ultimaker 3 (when connected
to the network) or via USB.
Updating on the printer
To update the firmware via the network, take the following steps:
1. Connect the printer to the network via WiFi or Ethernet.
2. Go to System g Maintenance g Update firmware.
3. Choose the “Stable” version.
The Ultimaker 3 will now get the latest firmware from the network and install it. This will take several minutes.
Updating via USB
Firmware can also be updated without an active network connection by taking the following the steps:
1. Download the new firmware files from www.ultimaker.com/firmware.
2. Put the firmware files on the USB stick.
Do not extract the files after downloading, but place them on the USB stick directly.
3. Place the USB stick in the Ultimaker 3.
4. Go to System g Maintenance g Update firmware.
5. The Ultimaker 3 will detect it if there is a firmware file on the USB stick. Select the file to start the firmware update.
35
Calibrations
Build plate leveling
While using your Ultimaker it is necessary to periodically calibrate the build plate for good adhesion of the print to the
build plate. If the distance between the nozzles and build plate is too big, your print won’t stick properly to the glass plate.
On the other hand, if the nozzles are too close to the build plate, it can prevent the material extruding from the nozzles.
The Ultimaker 3 offers two ways of calibration the build plate: active leveling and manual leveling. Active leveling is the
preferred choice, as there’s no chance for human inaccuracies.
Make sure there is no plastic on the nozzles and the glass plate is clean when you want to calibrate the build plate,
as this can lead to inaccurate leveling.
Active leveling
During active leveling, the Ultimaker 3 will measure the distance between the tip of the nozzle and the build plate in
several locations. These positions are stored in the printer, so it can compensate for inaccuracies of the build plate level
during the first layers of the print. It will do this by slightly moving the build plate up or down while printing.
To start active leveling:
1. Go to System g Build plate g Active leveling.
2. Wait for the printer to finish the leveling procedure. This will take a couple of minutes.
Do not touch the Ultimaker 3 during the active leveling procedure. This could affect the measurements.
Manual leveling
If the level of the build plate is off too much (and active leveling cannot compensate for this), manual leveling can be done.
1. Go to System g Build plate g Manual leveling.
2. Wait for the Ultimaker 3 to do its homing procedure and continue when the print head is in the center at the back of
the build plate.
3. Rotate the button at the front until there is approximately 1 mm distance between the first nozzle and the build plate.
Make sure that the nozzle is close to the build plate without touching it.
4. Adjust the front right and front left build plate screw to roughly level the build plate at the front side. Again there
should be a distance of approximately 1 mm between the nozzle and build plate.
5. Place the calibration card in between the nozzle and build plate when the print head is in the center back of the build
plate.
Do not push on the build plate while fine-tuning with the calibration card. This will lead to inaccuracies.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
36
Adjust the build plate screw in the middle back until you feel slight friction when moving the card.
Press “Continue”.The print head moves to the second point.
Repeat step 5 “place the calibration card” and step 6 “adjust the build plate”.
Press “Continue” again. The print head moves to the third point.
Repeat step 5 “place the calibration card” and step 6 “adjust the build plate”.
After calibrating the build plate with the first nozzle, the second nozzle needs to be aligned as well, to ensure the heights of
both nozzles are set correctly. For this it is only necessary to set the correct height by using the calibration card.
1. Place the calibration card between the second nozzle and build plate.
2. Rotate the button at the front of the Ultimaker 3 until it touches the calibration card and fine-tune it until you feel slight
friction/resistance when moving the card.
There should always be a distance of 14 mm between the bottom of the heated bed and base plate to prevent
errors during active leveling.
Leveling frequency
The Ultimaker 3 will ask how often you want to level your build plate, once you have leveled it.
These are the options:
• Every day
• Every week
• After startup
• Never
• Automatic (the leveling frequency is determined by the printer, based on the amount of printing hours since the last
time the build plate was leveled)
You can always change the leveling frequency by going to System g Build plate g Frequency in the menu.
Z offset calibration
The last part of the manual leveling procedure is the Z offset calibration. This ensures that the correct vertical distance
between the two nozzles is stored. This procedure can also be done separately.
1. Go to System g Maintenance g Calibration g Calibrate XY offset.
2. Place the calibration card between the second nozzle and build plate.
3. Rotate the button at the front of the Ultimaker 3 until it touches the calibration card and fine-tune it until you feel slight
friction/resistance when moving the card.
XY offset calibration
Besides the vertical offset, the horizontal distance between the nozzles, in the X and Y direction, also needs to be
stored. The print cores that are supplied with the Ultimaker 3 are already calibrated, but when the printer detects a
new combination you have to do an XY offset calibration first. This calibration must only be done once; after this, the
information is stored on the printer.
A correct XY calibration will ensure that the two colors or materials align well.
The AA print core that was installed on receipt of the Ultimaker 3 has already been calibrated with the other AA and BB
print core and does not require calibration.
To do the calibration you will need the XY calibration sheet, which you can find in the accessory box or download here.
If you need to print it, make sure you print it on an A4 paper at 100% scale.
Ensure 2 print cores and materials are installed before starting the calibration.
37
To start the calibration:
1. Go to System g Maintenance g Calibration g Calibrate XY offset.
2. The Ultimaker 3 will now print a grid structure on the build plate. Wait until it is finished.
3. Once the Ultimaker 3 has cooled down, remove the glass plate from the printer and place it on the XY calibration
sheet. Ensure the printed grid it is exactly placed on the two rectangles on the sheet.
4. Find the aligned lines on the printed X grid and look which number belongs to these lines. Enter this number as
the X offset value on your Ultimaker 3.
5. Find the aligned lines on the printed Y grid and look which number belongs to these lines. Enter this number as
the Y offset value on your Ultimaker 3.
It is important that the printed XY offset print adheres well to the build plate and shows no signs of under
extrusion. If it does, it is recommended to re-do the calibration print.
Lift switch calibration
The switch bay is what enables the lifting and lowering of the second print core. For successful dual extrusion prints, it is
important that the switching functions well. The lift switch is already calibrated when the Ultimaker 3 is shipped, but the
calibration can also be done manually.
To perform the swith bay calibration:
1. Go to System g Maintenance g Calibration g Calibrate lift switch.
2. Move the lift switch on the side of the print head to point towards you.
3. Move the print head so that the lift switch fits in the switching bay.
4. Wait for the print head to go to the home position and test the lift switch.
5. Did the lift switch lower and raise the print core? If so, press “yes” to complete the calibration. If not, select “no” to
perform the calibration again.
38
Lubricating the axles
To maintain your Ultimaker 3 correctly and keep it running smoothly, it is advised to lubricate the axles periodically. In the
accessory box of your Ultimaker 3 you can find Unilube for the X and Y axles and Magnalube for the Z axle.
Especially in countries with a high humidity or in very dry countries the axles must be lubricated regularly.
X and Y axles
When you notice small ridges on the surfaces of your 3D printed objects or feel that the X and Y axles are dry, it is advised
to apply some Unilube to the X and Y axles. Apply a small drop of Unilube to each of the X and Y axles and both the print
head shafts. Manually move the print head around to equally distribute the oil.
Do this approximately once a month, or when the axles feel dry.
Remove the glass plate before applying Unilube to avoid drops of oil on the glass plate.
Z axles
Unilube can also be applied to the Z axles. Put a single small drop on each of the axles. In the Ultimaker menu, go to
System g Build plate. Select Raise and then Lower to move the build plate up and down to equally distribute the oil.
Do this approximately once every six months, or when the axles feel dry.
Only use Unilube on the X, Y and Z axles. Using other oils or Magnalube may affect the coating of the axles.
Z trapezoidal leadscrew
Magnalube can be used for lubricating the Z trapezoidal leadscrew. Spread about ten drops of grease over the entire lead
screw. Raise and lower the build plate through the menu again to equally distribute the grease.
Do this approximately once every six months.
Do not use Magnalube on the smooth axles, this will affect the working of your Ultimaker 3.
39
Keeping the printer clean
For the best print results it is important to keep the Ultimaker 3 clean while using it. Therefore it is advised to not use the
Ultimaker 3 in a room where it can easily be covered with dust and to remove small pieces of material that might be in the
printer. Besides this, there are a few parts in the Ultimaker 3 that might require more regular cleaning.
Cleaning the glass plate
After a lot of printing, there might be too much excess glue stuck to the glass plate. This can cause an uneven print surface
and it is therefore recommended to clean the glass plate once in a while. When doing this, always make sure that the
Ultimaker 3 is turned off and build plate has cooled down.
To clean the glass plate, take the following steps:
1. Move the build plate manually to the bottom of the Ultimaker 3.
2. Open the build plate clamps at the front side.
3. Remove the glass plate from the build plate by sliding it to the front and taking it out.
4. Clean the glass plate with lukewarm water and dry it with a cloth. If necessary, you can also use some soap to clean it.
5. Place the glass plate back onto the build plate and close the build plate clamps at the front side to secure it.
In order to be sure about a successful next print it is recommended to re-level the build plate after having
repositioned the glass plate.
Cleaning the nozzles
While using the Ultimaker 3 it can happen that the nozzles get dirty by material that sticks to nozzles. Although this will not
damage your printer, it is recommended to try keeping the nozzles clean, in order to achieve the best print results.
To remove plastic from the outside of a nozzle, it is advised to take the following steps:
1. Heat up the nozzle to 150 °C so that the plastic on the outside gets soft. You can do this by navigating to
Material/Print core g Print core [x] g Set temperature and using the scroll wheel to change the temperature.
2. When the nozzle is hot, carefully remove the material with tweezers.
Do not touch the nozzle and be careful while cleaning it as it will become hot.
40
Cleaning the feeders and bowden tubes
After many hours of printing, or when material has been ground down, there is a chance that there are small filament
particles in the feeders. These can end up in the bowden tubes or print cores, so it is important to clean the feeders. This
can be done by blowing the particles out of the feeders or by using a vacuum cleaner.
If the particles are already stuck in the bowden tubes, clean these as well. To do so, the bowden tubes have to be removed
from the printer.
1. Unload the material via the menu Material/PrintCore g Material 1 or 2 g Unload.
2. Remove the white clamp clips from the print head and feeders.
3. Press down on the tube coupling collet in the print head and pull the bowden tube out. Do the same for the feeders.
4. Cut off a small piece from a clean, dry sponge or use a piece of tissue.
5. Insert this in the feeder end of the bowden tube.
6. Push it through with a length of filament (at least 80 cm).
7. Re-install the bowden tubes and secure with the white clamp clips.
The bowden tube has one conical end; this should be placed in the feeder.
Inside of the printer
Small pieces of material can gather inside the printer, including the initial extrusions. Remove these from the inside of the
printer with a cloth or vacuum cleaner.
Leaving larger objects on the bottom panel can lead to errors, as they prevent the build plate from homing
properly.
41
Tensioning the belts
Maintaining proper tension on the short belts is important to ensure good print quality. If the belts are too loose, the
movement of the print head may not be accurate. In turn, the dimensions of the print can be different from what you
expect.
Over time, the belts may get slightly slack. To restore the tension, perform the following steps:
1. Loosen the four bolts of the X motor, but do not take them out completely.
2. Firmly push down on the motor.
3. One by one, in a crosswise pattern, tighten the bolts again while still pushing down.
4. Repeat these steps for the Y motor, so that the tension is the same for both short belts.
42
Storage and handling of materials
When you have multiple spools of material in use or do not print with a material, it is very important that you store them
properly. When stored incorrectly this may affect the quality and process-ability of the material.
To keep your materials in optimal condition it is important that you keep them:
• Dry and cool
• Out of direct sunlight
• In a resealable bag
The optimal storage temperature for PLA, CPE, CPE+, Nylon, PC and TPU 95A is between -20 to +30° C. For ABS the
advised temperature is between 15 and 25° C and for PVA 0 to 30 °C. Furthermore a relative humidity of below 50% is
recommended for PVA and TPU 95A. If these materials are exposed to a higher humidity the quality of the material can be
affected.
You can store the material in a resealable bag, including the supplied desiccant (silica gel). For PVA it is advised to store
the spool in a resealable bag with the supplied desiccant directly after printing to minimize moisture uptake.
43
7
Help & support
There are a few printer specific issues that
could occur while using your Ultimaker 3.
In you run into one of these issues, you can
troubleshoot the issue yourself with the help
of the information on the next pages.
44
Error messages
This is the complete list of error messages that can show up on the Ultimaker 3. For more information on troubleshooting
these error messages please go to the error specific page on the Ultimaker website.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
An unspecified error has occurred. Restart the printer or go to ultimaker.com/ER11.
Max temp. error on PrintCore {display_hotend_nr}. Go to ultimaker.com/ER12.
Min temp. error on PrintCore {display_hotend_nr}. Go to ultimaker.com/ER13.
Max temp. error on the build plate sensor. Go to ultimaker.com/ER14.
Heater error on PrintCore {display_hotend_nr}. Go to ultimaker.com/ER15.
The Z axis is stuck or the limit switch is broken. Go to ultimaker.com/ER16.
The X or Y axis is stuck or the limit switch is broken. Go to ultimaker.com/ER17.
There is a communication error with the print head. Go to ultimaker.com/ER18.
There is an I2C communication error. Go to ultimaker.com/ER19.
There was an error with the safety circuit. Go to ultimaker.com/ER20.
There was a sensor error within the print head. Go to ultimaker.com/ER21.
Active leveling correction failed. Manual level the build plate or go to ultimaker.com/ER22.
An incorrect print temperature is specified. Go to ultimaker.com/ER23.
An incorrect build plate temperature is specified. Go to ultimaker.com/ER24.
The motion controller failed to be updated. Go to ultimaker.com/ER25.
This print job is not suitable for this printer. Go to ultimaker.com/ER26.
45
Clogged print core
If there is no material flowing from the print core for at least 10 minutes it could suggest that there is some burnt material
in the nozzle, leading to a nozzle clog. In this case, the print core should be cleaned by performing the below described
method. These instructions are specifically written for cleaning a BB print core with PLA material, since PVA is more likely
to cause clogs. The method can however also be applied to AA print cores if necessary. Please note that you have to unclog
the print core with the last used material (except for flexible materials) and at other temperatures in this case.
Make sure there is no material in the print core when you start this procedure.
Preparing
1. Place the print head in the front right corner to avoid bending of the XY axles when applying pressure to the material
during a hot pull or cold pull.
2. Go to Material/PrintCore g PrintCore 2 (BB print core) g Set temperature and set the temperature to 230 °C.
For AA print cores use a temperature that is slightly higher than the printing temperature of the material.
3. Remove the clamp clip from the top of the print head.
4. Loosen the bowden tube by pressing on the tube coupling collet and pulling the bowden tube out while doing this.
Hot pull
1. Cut off approximately 20 cm of PLA with a straight cut and try to straighten the material as much as possible.
2. When the nozzle reaches the target temperature of 230 °C gently insert the piece of PLA into the print head until you
feel some resistance.
3. Hold the piece of PLA with pliers and gently apply pressure to the material for ±2 seconds so that it extrudes from the
nozzle or until it cannot be pushed any further.
The use of pliers is required to prevent injuries on your hands in case the material breaks.
Applying too much pressure to the material is almost impossible when the print head is located in the corner. If
there is no extrusion, apply more pressure.
46
4. Pull the material out with a quick, firm pull once the 2 seconds have passed.
5. Check the color and the shape of the tip of the material that you have pulled out. Compare it with the pictures below to
see if it looks as clean as the picture on the right.
6. Repeat this hot pull process at least once and until the tip of the material is completely clean. This could mean that you
have to do the hot pulls more often. After completing the hot pull process, manually flush some material through the
print core with pliers and take it out again.
Cold pull
1. Take a new piece of PLA and insert it into the print head by hand until you feel some resistance.
2. Hold the piece of PLA with pliers and gently apply pressure to extrude some material.
3. Lower the temperature of the print core to 75 °C. Keep pressure on the material with the pliers until the print core
reaches a temperature of 150 °C.
The slight pressure on the material while cooling down is required to prevent air from entering the nozzle.
For AA print cores lower the temperature to a temperature of 15 - 20 °C above the build plate temperature.
4. Wait until the target temperature of 75 °C is reached.
5. Grab the material with pliers and pull it out with a quick, firm pull. The material should now look as on the right picture.
Re-assembly
1. Insert bowden tube into the print head.
2. Re-attach the clamp clip and keep pressure on the bowden tube while doing this.
47
Grinding PVA
There could be several reasons for grinding material, but specifically for PVA incorrect handling or storage of the material
can lead to grinding. PVA should be printed and stored at a low humidity to avoid problems while printing. We advise
a humidity below 50% for storage and below 55% while printing. It is also recommended to keep the environmental
temperature below 28 °C while printing. In a standard air conditioned office room this humidity and temperature should be
easy to reach.
When PVA is ground down by the feeder, there are three main causes.
Incorrect storage
PVA is a material that absorbs moisture relatively easily and therefore storing it correctly (resealable bag, humidity below
50%) is important. If PVA absorbs too much moisture it will get soft and malleable/pliable and in some cases even sticky.
This can cause problems in the feeder as it might not be able to forward the PVA properly anymore.
Coated bowden tube
The bowden tube can get coated on the inside due to incorrect printing conditions (mainly a too high humidity). If the
humidity of the printing environment is too high (above 55%) and temperature is too high (above 28 °C) PVA might not be
able to move easily through the bowden tube. A solution for this is to clean the bowden tube and dry it very well.
Clogged print core
Due to a too high humidity PVA can lose quality over time and lead to clogs in the print core. As a consequence filament
might not be forwarded anymore, causing grinding in the feeder. When this happens, the print core should be cleaned by
following the procedure described on page 46 and 47.
For more information on how to resolve grinding issues, you can take a look at this page.
48
Print core not recognized
If a print core is not recognized by the Ultimaker 3, the printer will inform you about this. The main reason for this are dirty
contact points on the chip at the back side of the print core. When this happens, clean the contact points with a cotton swab
and some alcohol.
49
Print quality issues
Print not sticking to the build plate
When you experience problems with the adhesion of a print to the build plate, the following things can be done:
• Ensure that the correct material settings and adhesion method were used (see chapter 5 Operation).
• Re-calibrate the build plate manually and then do the active leveling (see chapter 5 Operation).
• Check the Cura settings that were used and try printing with one of the default Cura profiles.
Under extrusion
In its simplest form, under extrusion is when the printer is unable to supply the
right amount of material. Your Ultimaker 3 is under extruding when you see
missing layers, very thin layers, or layers that have random dots and holes in
them.
Under extrusion can have several causes:
• Use of low quality material or wrong material settings
• Feeder tension not set correctly
• Friction in the bowden tube
• Small particles of material in the feeder or bowden tube
• A partial clog in the print core
When your Ultimaker 3 is suffering from under extrusion, it is advised to take a
look at this page for detailed troubleshooting instructions.
Warping
Warping occurs due to material shrinkage whilst 3D printing, which causes the
corners of the print to lift and detach from the build plate. When plastics are
printed, they firstly expand slightly but contract as they cool down. If material
contracts too much, this causes the print to bend up from the build plate.
When your print is warping, make sure you have done the following:
• Level the build plate correctly (preferably active leveling)
• Apply a thin layer of glue to the glass plate
• Use the correct temperature settings
• Use one of the default Cura profiles
To troubleshoot this issue in more detail, take a look at the Ultimaker website.
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