Media Terminologies
Media Terminologies
Broadcast Media Terms
ADEX
Adjacency
An advertising pod positioned next to a particular TV or radio program.
Also called commercial break positions.
Advertising Impressions
The audience delivery of media vehicles, programs or schedules. Usually
expressed as thousands (000).
Advertising Research
Foundation (ARF)
A non-profit organization of advertisers, agencies and the media for
promoting advertising effectiveness through objective research.
Advertising Weight
The level of advertising support over a period of time, expressed in gross
rating points, impressions, target audience reached, etc.
Aided Recall
A research technique where the respondent is given aid to help
remember all or parts of advertising.
AMPS
As It Falls
A testing method whereby the media test market receives the same
media weight, purchased locally, as it would receive from a national
theoretical plan.
Average Frequency
The number of times the average person or household is exposed to an
advertising schedule. It is always derived from Gross Rating Points and
Reach.
Affidavit
A statement, usually notarised, accompanying station invoices which
confirm that the commercial actually ran at the time stated on the invoice.
Affiliate
A station associated with a network by contract to broadcast the network's
programs
The first broadcast of a commercial; also refers to the exact date of a
particular TV or radio program.
Air Date
Availability (“avails”)
Unsold units of time available for broadcasters to sell to advertisers. Also
refers to a station's submission of programs and rating estimates for
advertising planning and buying.
Average Quarter-Hour
Rating
The audience estimate reported by Nielsen and Arbitron for TV and radio.
It provides the average number of persons or households who
watched/listened for at least 5 minutes of the 15 minute segment being
reported.
Added Value
Additional TV or radio spot provided to an advertiser at no charge to raise
the overall audience delivery of the schedule.
Audio Auditing
Monitoring of radio commercial flighting on various radio stations
Break Position
A broadcast commercial aired between two programs instead of in the
middle of one program.
Brief
A document compiled by the client, outlining the brand and advertising
objectives for a given future period.
Broadcast Calendar
Barter
An industry-accepted calendar used mainly for accounting and billing
purposes. Weeks run Monday-Sunday, and each month is four or five
weeks long.
A term used to indicate that advertising was paid for by the advertiser
using goods and services rather than cash.
BDI (Brand
Development Index)
A measure of the strength of a brand's sales in a particular geographic
area indexed to the national sales average.
Clutter
The term given to the proliferation of advertising messages aimed at
consumers. In TV, it refers to all non-program minutes, such as
commercials, station promotions, billboards, public service
announcements, etc.
Cost Per Rating Point
(Cost Per Point, CPP,
Cost Per GRP)
The cost to reach one percent of the universe, households or individuals,
in a given market or geographic area.
Cume (Cumulative
Audience)
Another way of expressing reach. The total number of different people or
households exposed to advertising at least once during the media
schedule.
Clutter
The term given to the proliferation of advertising messages aimed at
consumers. In TV, it refers to all non-program minutes, such as
commercials, station promotions, billboards, public service
announcements, etc.
Campaign
Total advertising and marketing effort conducted on behalf of a brand;
advertising and marketing effort built around a specific appeal.
Chase list
A list prepared by a media buyer reflecting material deadlines for a given
campaign.
Commitment
An agreement between a media owner and client guaranteeing a set net
investment with that media owner in exchange for discount, usually cover
12 months, although shorter periods can be negotiated.
Coverage area
A geographic area within which a radio station can be received in terms of
signal strength without extraordinary reception apparatus.
CPT (CPM)
Refers to the advertising cost of purchasing 1000 units of audience,
calculated by dividing the cost of the media unit by audience in
thousands.
Example: R2000 / 537= R3.72 per thousand
Credit
Passed by a media owner to media agency/client in the event of non
deliver.
Day part
Broadcast day may be divided into parts for analytical purpose for radio –
morning drive, mid-day, afternoon and evening.
Demographics
Characteristics of a person /group of people expressed in terms of their
age, income, education, sex, race, area, size, community etc.
Diary
An instrument for measuring viewing, listening or reading of media
vehicles kept by people in a sample.
Digital TV
TV programming that is delivered by coaxial cable rather than over the air
for the purposes of improved reception and delivery of additional program
choices beyond the local stations.
Drive Time
The day-parts used in radio to signify primary listening being done in cars.
Generally considered to be Monday-Friday 6h00-10h00 and
15h00-19h00.
HUT-(Households Using Television) - a broadcast research term
indicating the percent of homes with sets on during a specific time period.
Direct Response
Advertising
Any advertising message that calls for a prompt response to purchase a
product or request more information.
Duplication
The number or percent of the target audience in one media vehicle also
exposed to another vehicle.
Efficiency
The ratio of cost to size of audience used to compare media vehicles,
plans or schedules.
Exclusivity
An agreement whereby a media vehicle agrees to run no advertising
directly competitive to the advertiser purchasing the media vehicle or
program.
First Refusal
The opportunity for an advertiser to extend sponsorship rights of a
program or vehicle before it is offered to another advertiser.
Fixed Position
An advertising position which remains fixed over time, such as the inside
covers of a magazine.
Flighting
A technique for extending advertising dollars using periods of media
activity interspersed with periods of inactivity.
Flow Chart
A calendar which dimensionalizes media activity over time, usually a year.
FY
An abbreviation for Fiscal Year.
Gross Impressions
The combined audiences of several media vehicles or several
announcements within a vehicle, leaving in the duplication among the
audiences.
Gross Rating Points
(GRP's)
The sum of individual ratings in a media plan.
Heavy-up
An increase in advertising activity for a limited period of time.
ID
Station identification of its call letters and location, channel or frequency.
Also refers to any commercial message less than ten seconds long.
Infomercial
Lifestage
A long (more than two minutes) commercial providing extensive
product/service description and sales information.
A system which categorizes people into groups on the basis of the phase
of life in which they find themselves – Newlyweds
Life style
A system which categorises people into groups on the basis of activities,
interests and opinions.
Loading
A premium added to the normal advertising rate to either secure a special
position or to recognize high demand period.
Log
Chronological record of a station's program and commercial exact air
times.
LSM
Living standard measures – a series of grouping that segment the South
African adult population based on living standards rather than any single
demographic discriminator.
Marketing Share
Percentage of category sales in terms of rands or units, obtained by
brand, line or company.
Market Research Bureau
A syndicated source of print and broadcast audience measurement, as
well as product usage data.
MFSA
MIW
Media inflation watch – survey which monitors media inflation trends
against a comprehensive basket of media.
Nielsen
A.C Nielsen is the world largest market research company specializing in
media research.
Net Cost
Advertising rates which do not include advertising agency commission
and/or include discounts
Pay Per View
A type of Pay TV where viewers are charged each time they watch the
special event or movie being broadcast.
Pay TV
TV system providing programs which are available only to the
households, who subscribe, usually transmitted via coaxial cable or
telephone lines. Also called "premium channels" on cable, such is HBO,
Cinemax, Showtime, Disney Channel, etc.
Piggyback
Back-to-back scheduling of two or more brand commercials of one
advertiser in network or spot positions.
Pilot
A sample of a proposed TV series.
Pre-emption
The substitution of one advertiser's local TV commercial by another
advertiser paying a higher price for the spot, or by a different program of
interest.
Penetration
The degree to which a medium or vehicle has coverage in a specific area.
Can also refer to the effectiveness of advertising's impact on consumers.
Psychographic
RAMS
Rate Card
Describes consumers on the basis of some psychological trait,
characteristics or life style.
A statement by a medium showing advertising costs, issue dates,
program names, closing dates, requirements, cancellation dates, etc.
A listing, published by medium that enumerates costs of advertising,
mechanical requirements, date of issue, closing for orders and material
deadline.
Rating
An estimate of the size of an audience expressed as one percent of the
total population.
Reach
A number of people exposed to advertising one or more times during a
given period.
Roll Out
An advertising technique where advertising is expanded to cover more
and more markets as distribution/ product sales are also expanded.
Road blocking
A scheduling technique where a brand's commercial airs at approximately
the same time on all three networks or on all stations in a given market.
Simulcast
Broadcast of the same program at the same time on both AM and FM
radio stations. Can also refer to a radio station simultaneously
broadcasting the audio portion of a TV program.
Spill-In
The amount of programming viewed within a market area to stations that
are licensed to an adjacent market.
Spill-Out
The amount of viewing to local stations outside the home market area or
country.
Strip
A program scheduled at the same time each day, typically MondayFriday.
Superstation
An independent station whose signal is transmitted to many markets via a
satellite.
Sweeps
The four 4-week periods when all TV markets are measured for station
viewing and demographic information. Sweep months are February, May,
July and November.
Share
The percent of an audience tuned to a particular program at a given time.
Share of Voice (SOV)
Brand's percent of the total advertising weight in its product category.
Short Rate
The cost difference between the discounted contract rate and the higher
rate actually earned by an advertiser if he fails to fulfill the contracted
amount of advertising.
Syndicated Program
A program bought by a station or advertiser from an independent
organisation, not a network.
TAMS
Tag
Telmar
TGI
Upfront
Vehicle
. Updated: 02 May 2012
.
A brief announcement at the end of radio commercial program.
Company/Computer system offering various media planning systems for
reach and frequency, as well as cross tabulation of data.
Term indicating that an advertiser has purchased advertising for the
coming broadcast year in an early buying season, typically for the benefit
of lower rates and CPM guarantees.
Anything capable of exposing advertising to customers.
Internet Media Terms
Blog
A blend of web log. Part of a web site, usually maintained by individuals
with regular entries of commentary, events or other material, including
video. Entries are displayed in reverse chronological order.
Bookmark
A routine that allows you to save a reference to a site or page that you
have already visited. At a later point in time, you can use a bookmark to
return to that page. It commonly refers to a feature of Netscape Navigator
(a web browser) that allows you to collect and organize bookmarks of
your favorite web sites.
Browser
An application used to view and navigate the World Wide Web and other
Internet resources.
Bug
Problem with computer software or hardware that causes it to malfunction
or crash.
Open computer systems that members can dial into in order to send
email, join discussion groups, and download files. Since the 1970s, BBS's
have provided an early means for home users to get online. Originally,
BBS's were freestanding local systems, but now many provide access to
Internet email, telnet, FTP, and other Internet services.
Bulletin Board System
(BBS)
Chat
A form of interactive online communication that enables typed
conversations to occur in real-time. When participating in a chat
discussion, your messages are instantaneously relayed to other members
in the chat room while other members' messages are instantaneously
relayed to you.
Congestion
A state occurring in a part of a network when the message traffic is so
heavy that it slows down network response time.
Connection
When two computers have established a path through which the
exchange of information can occur.
Cookies
Small files that are downloaded to your computer when you browse
certain web pages. Cookies hold information that can be retrieved by
other web pages on the site. Some cookies are programmed with an
expiration date so that they are automatically deleted after a period of
time.
Copy Protection
A software lock placed on a computer program by its developer to thwart
piracy. This preventative measure was widely used in the mid-1980s but
later abandoned by many developers because of numerous customer
complaints.
Cracker
A malicious hacker who breaks (or cracks) the security of computer
systems in order to access, steal, or destroy sensitive information.
“Hacker” is often incorrectly used instead of cracker, especially by the
media. See also hacker.
CPA
Cost per action.
CPC
Cost per click.
CPM
Cost per 1,000 impressions.
CRM
Customer relationship management.
CTR
Click through rate.
Crossload
To send an attached file via email. See also upload and download.
Domain Name
The official name of a computer connected to the Internet. Domain names
are derived from a hierarchical system, with a host name followed by a
top-level domain category. The top-level domain categories are com (for
commercial enterprises), org (for non-profit organizations), net (for
network services providers), mil (for the military), and gov (for
government).
Domain Name System
(DNS)
A database system which looks up host IP addresses based upon domain
names. For example if you ask for "www.thisismyhost.com" it will return
123.45.67.89. Copies of the Domain Name System are distributed
through the Internet.
Download
To transfer data from a larger "host" system to a smaller "client" system's
hard drive or other local storage device. See also upload.
Download Charges
Monetary charges associated with downloading a file from a commercial
online service. This method of information exchange is not very popular.
E-cash
Electronic money designed to be used over a network or stored on cards
similar to credit cards. E-cash is still more of an idea than a practical
reality, largely due to security concerns.
E-form
An electronic form that is filled out by a user and sent over a network.
They are typically used to place orders or provide feedback. E-forms can
be placed on web pages or in Java applets and usually contain text
boxes, buttons, and other components.
Emoticon
A cute sideways face created by using special characters on the
keyboard. Used to express emotions without words. For example, this
winking face ;-) indicates “I'm joking”, this sad face :-( expresses sadness
or “I'm sulking”. If this makes no sense, turn your head sideways and look
again. Also known as a “smiley”.
Encryption
A procedure that renders the contents of a message or file unintelligible to
anyone not authorized to read it. PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) is a
commonly-used encryption program.
Eyeballs
A viewing audience for a WWW site.
Facilitated Chat
In a facilitated chat, a host or facilitator controls the messages that appear
on the chat screen. Usually used when there is a guest speaker.
Facilitated chats provide an orderly environment for the guest speaker
and ensure that she is not overwhelmed with dozens of questions all
being asked at once. See also chat.
FAQ
Acronym for Frequently Asked Questions. A reference document created
for particular topic or group that answers to common beginners'
questions. It is considered poor Netiquette to ask a question without first
reading the FAQ.
Flame
A public post or email message that expresses a strong opinion or
criticism. Flames can be fun when they allow people to vent their feelings,
and then return to the topic at hand. Others are simply insulting and can
lead to flame wars.
Forum
A topically-focused discussion group or area. From the traditional Roman
forum.
Hacker
An expert programmer who likes to spend a lot of time figuring out the
finer details of computer systems or networks, as opposed to those who
learn only the minimum necessary. See also cracker.
Hit
A single user accessing a single file from a web server. A unit of measure
often used erroneously to evaluate the popularity of a web site.
Home Page
A web page that is topically the main source of information about a
particular person, group, or concept. Many people on the web create
home pages about themselves for fun; these are also known as vanity
pages.
Host
A computer that allows users to communicate with other host computers
on a network
A chat term for someone who is managing a chat. Hosts often act as
referees and have the power to turn participants into spectators and vice
versa.
Hyperlink
A highlighted word or picture within a hypertext document that when
clicked takes you to another place within the document or to another
document altogether.
Hypertext
Text that includes links or shortcuts to other documents, allowing the
reader to easily jump from one text to related texts, and consequentially
from one idea to another, in a non-linear fashion. Coined by Ted Nelson
in 1965.
Hypertext Markup
Language (HTML)
The tag-based ASCII language used to create pages on the World Wide
Web. See also hypertext.
Hypertext Transfer
Protocol (HTTP)
The protocol used by the World Wide Web to transfer HTML files.
Icon
A small graphic image that represents a file or application and when
clicked upon produces a programmed result. Use of this mnemonic
convention originated at Xerox PARC and was subsequently popularized
by the Apple Macintosh. Producing an effective icon is non-trivial because
of size and color restraints.
(Iconography)
Identity Hacking
Posing as someone else. Posting anonymously or pseudonymously,
usually with the intent to deceive.
IMHO
In my humble opinion. Used primarily by writers expressing a debatable
view.
Integrated Services
Digital Network (ISDN)
A technology offered by telephone carriers that allows for the rapid
transfer of voice and data.
Internet
A worldwide network of networks that all use the TCP/IP communications
protocol and share a common address space. First incarnated as the
ARPANET in 1969, the Internet has metamorphosed from a military
internetwork to an academic research internetwork to the current
commercial internetwork. It commonly supports services such as email,
the World Wide Web, file transfer, and Internet Relay Chat. The Internet is
experiencing tremendous growth in the number of users, hosts, and
domain names. It is gradually subsuming other media, such as proprietary
computer networks, newspapers, books, television, and the telephone.
Also known as “the net”, “the information superhighway”, and
“cyberspace”. See also domain, and Domain Name Service.
Internet Explorer
A free web browser application from Microsoft.
Internet Relay Chat
(IRC)
A chat network that operates over the Internet. Originally evolved from the
UNIX talk program, IRC is similar to the chat systems found on
commercial online services.
Internet Service
Provider (ISP)
A business that delivers access to the Internet, usually for a monthly fee.
PSI, UUNET, and Netcom are examples of established ISPs but there are
thousands of smaller ones all around the world.
Any business that provides Internet services such as web sites or web
site development.
Intranet
A private network that uses Internet-related technologies to provide
services within an organization.
IP address
A string of four numbers separated by periods (such as 111.22.3.444)
used to represent a computer on the Internet. The format of the address
is specified by the Internet Protocol in RFC 791. When a PC accesses the
Internet through an ISP, it sometimes receives a temporary IP address.
Jack In
To log in to a machine or connect to a network. Derived from cyberpunk
fiction.
Java
An object oriented programming language created by Sun Microsystems.
Java is a device independent language, meaning that programs compiled
in Java can be run on any computer. Java programs can be run as a freestanding application or as an applet placed on a web page. Applets
written in Java are served from a web site but executed on the client
computer. Java applets have a built-in security feature which prevents
them from accessing the file system of the client computer. See also
applet. Here is the Java version of “Hello World!” class HelloWorld {public
static void main (String args []) {System.out.println("Hello World!");}
JavaScript
A scripting language that allows lines of Java code to be inserted into
HTML scripts.
Joint Photographic
An image compression standard for still photographs that is commonly
Experts Group (JPEG)
used on the web.
Kermit
Kill File
A protocol used for transferring files over a dial-up connection that is
commonly used on BBS systems.
A file used by some USENET reading programs that filters out unwanted
messages, usually from a particular author or on a particular subject. If
you add someone to your kill file, you arrange for the person to be ignored
by your news reader.
Line Noise
Static over a telephone line that interferes with network communications.
Link
A highlighted word or picture within a hypertext document that when
clicked bring you to another place within the document or to another
document altogether. See also hyperlink.
List Server
An automated mailing list distribution system. List servers maintain a list
of email addresses to be used for mass emailing. Subscribing and
unsubscribing to the list is accomplished by sending a properly formatted
email message to the list server.
Local Area Network
(LAN)
A group of computers at a single location (usually an office or home) that
are connected by phone lines or coaxial cable.
Mailing List
A discussion group that occurs via mass email distributions. Mailing lists
are usually maintained by individuals utilizing list server software. List
servers maintain a list of email addresses to be used for the mailing list.
Subscribing and unsubscribing to the list is accomplished by sending a
properly formatted email message to the list server.
Mirror Site
A server which contains a duplicate of another WWW or FTP site. Mirror
sites are created when the traffic on the original site becomes too heavy
for a single server. Often mirror sites are located in different geographic
areas allowing users to choose the site closest to them.
Net Surfing
Browsing or exploring a network or the World Wide Web to find places of
interest, usually without a specific goal in mind. Analogous to channel
surfing with a TV remote control.
Netiquette
Network etiquette or the set of informal rules of behavior that have
evolved in Cyberspace, including the Internet and online services.
Netlag
A condition that occurs on the Internet in which response time is greatly
slowed due to heavy traffic.
Network
A group of computers or devices that are connected together for the
exchange of data and sharing of resources.
Newsgroup
A public place where messages are posted for public consumption and
response. The most available distribution of newsgroups is USENET
which contains over ten thousand unique newsgroups covering practically
every human proclivity. The names of newsgroups are comprised of a
string of words separated by periods, such as “rec. humor, funny” or
“misc. jobs offered”. The first word (i.e. “rec” or “misc”) represents the top
level category of newsgroups. The second word (in these examples
“humor” and “jobs”) represents a subcategory of the first level, and the
third word a subcategory of the second.
Offline
As an adjective, not connected to a computer network.
As an adverb, not here or not now, as in “Let's take this discussion
offline.” Often used to indicate that a topic should be discussed privately
rather than in a public forum.
Online
Currently connected to a host, opposite of offline. Referring to anything
connected to a computer network.
Post
To send a message to a public area like a BBS or newsgroup where it
can be read by many others.
Read Receipts
An optional email feature that notifies you when a recipient has opened
the email message you sent him. See also delivery receipts.
Refresh
Response Time
To clear the screen or part of the screen and redraw it again.
A measurement of the time between a request for information over a
network and the network's fulfillment of that request. "Overall response
time" is an aggregate or average measurement of various response times
over a particular network or through a particular host.
Search Engine
A program or web site that enables users to search for keywords on web
pages throughout the World Wide Web. For example, Google is a popular
search engine located at http://www.google.com/
Security
Ensuring that private information remains private in an atmosphere where
all other information is free. Security also means that viruses are
prevented from infecting people's systems.
SEO
Search engine optimisation.
Server
A computer that provides information to client machines. For example,
there are web servers that send out web pages, mail servers that deliver
email, list servers that administer mailing lists, FTP servers that hold FTP
sites and deliver files to users who request them, and name servers that
provide information about Internet host names.
Shareware
Software that you can download from a network and “try before you buy.”
If you like the software and decide to use it beyond the trial period, you
must register with the author and pay a registration fee.
Shouting
TYPING IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS IS CONSIDERED SHOUTING IN
ONLINE COMMUNICATIONS. Avoid this unless you really mean to
shout.
Snail Mail
Regular postal mail, as opposed to email. Pejorative when implying postal
mail's slowness relative to email.
Spam
To send a message (usually an advertisement) to many discussion
groups (bulletin boards, mailing lists, and/or newsgroups), without regard
for its topical relevance.
Telecommunications
The science of sending signals representing voice, video, or data through
telephone lines.
Thread
A series of postings on a particular topic. Threads can be a series of
bulletin board messages (for example, when someone posts a question
and others reply with answers or additional queries on the same topic). A
thread can also apply to chats, where multiple conversation threads may
exist simultaneously.
Also refers to an independent process taking place in a multi-tasking
environment.
Triple-dub
An abbreviated way to say “WWW” when reciting a URL.
Upload
To send a file to a network. See also download and crossload.
URL
Uniform resource locator. An address on the internet. www.sabc.co.za
Virtual
A commonly used adjective that means having all of the properties of x
while not necessarily being x. For example, “virtual Friday” in a workplace
is the last day of work before a break, that is to say it is like Friday but
may or may not actually be Friday. A “virtual reality” is an artificial
environment that appears to be its own reality. On a mainframe, a “virtual
machine” gives the user all of the properties and “feel” of a separate
personal computer.
Virus
An insidious piece of computer code written to damage systems. Viruses
can be hidden in executable program files posted online.
Webliography
A listing of source World Wide Web sites.
Webmaster
The person in charge of administrating a World Wide Web site. By
convention, the webmaster of Internet domain foo.com can be reached at
the email address [email protected]
Wi-Fi
Wireless fidelity. Popular term for a form of wireless internet.
World Wide Web (WWW)
Currently, one of the most popular services offered on the Internet. A
distributed hypertext system invented by Tim Berners-Lee on a NeXT
Computer. Web pages are viewed using browsing software like Netscape
Navigator, Sun Microsystems Hot Java, or Microsoft Internet Explorer.
See also browser, Hypertext Markup Language, net surfing, and tripledub.
Updated: 02 May 2012
.
Mobile Media Terms
Ad Impression
Advertisement
An advertisement impression transpires each time a consumer is exposed
to an advertisement (either prepended or appended to an SMS message,
on mobile web or web page, within a video clip, or related media).
Any collection of text, graphics or multimedia content displayed and
accessible inside of an application for purposes of prompting a
Airtime
Alerts
Application
Average Revenue Per User
Background Audio Ad
Bandwidth
Call to Action
Click
Click on Call
Click-through
Click-through Rate
Combination Ad
Commercial Messages
Cookie
Cost per Thousand
Deck
commercial brand, product or service.
The number of connected minutes consumed by a mobile subscriber
while placing and receiving calls on his/her mobile phone. Carriers
calculate customer bills based on airtime minutes used during a specific
period of time.
Notifications, typically in the form of a text or multimedia message,
containing time-sensitive information (event details, weather, news,
services updates) that are pushed to a mobile subscriber who has optedin to receive this information. Note: If the mobile subscriber has opted in
to receive said information, the notification would be considered SPAM.
Software solutions that power the business logic for mobile marketing
initiative(s).
A commonly used financial benchmark to measure the average revenue
generated by a mobile carrier‟s mobile subscriber, or “user”.
A background audio clip that is played throughout the MMS message. An
example is a jingle.
The carrying capacity, i.e. the range of frequencies available to be
occupied by transmission signals, of a network channel in a given period
of time. Digital bandwidth is measured in bits per second (bps), kilobits
per second (kbps), or megabits per second (mps). Analog bandwidth is
measured in Hertz (Hz, kHz, MHz, and GHz).
A statement or instruction, typically prompted in print, web, TV, Radio, onportal, or other forms of media (often embedded in advertising), that
explains to a mobile subscriber how to respond to an opt-in for a
particular promotion or mobile initiative, which is typically followed by a
Notice.
The act of when a mobile subscriber interacts with (highlights and clicks
on) an advertisement (banner, text link) or other actionable link, that has
been served to their screen.
A service that enables a mobile subscriber to initiate a voice call to a
specific phone number by clicking on a link on a mobile web site.
Typically used to enhance and provide direct response mechanism in an
advertisement.
The process that takes a mobile subscriber to a jump or landing page
once the mobile subscriber has clicked on a link.
A way of measuring the success of an online or mobile advertising
campaign. A CTR is obtained by dividing the number of users who clicked
on an ad on a Web page by the number of times the ad was delivered
(impressions).
A potentially clickable ad consisting of an image and text.
Text or multimedia messages that are sent to a mobile devise, usually for
commercial purposes.
Information placed on a visitor‟s computer or mobile handset by a Web
server that can be stored or retrieved when the site is accessed. Cookies
are generally used as unique identifiers (i.e. user IDs or session IDs) to
record a users unique behavior during each visit. Cookies may be used to
store other data such as email address, usernames etc. Most mobile
handsets do not support cookies, although the market long-term is
moving in this direction.
A metric used to price advertising banners. Sites that sell advertising may
guarantee an advertiser a certain number of impressions (number of
times an ad banner is served and presumably seen by visitor) and then
set the cost based guarantee, multiplied by the CPM rate.
A browseable portal of links to content, pre-configured usually by the
network operator, and set as the default home page to the phone‟s
Dedicated Short Code
Digital Multimedia
Broadcasting
Global Positioning System
Global System for Mobile
Communications
Graphic Banners
Graphics Interchange
Format
Impressions
Information on Demand
Instant Voice Response
Interactive Voice
Response
International Mobile
Equipment Identity
Keyword
Landing Page
MMS Banner
Mobile Marketing
Association
browser.
The process of running only one service on a Common Short Code at any
given time.
A digital radio transmission technology for sending multimedia (radio, TV,
and data casting) to handsets.
A system of satellites, computers and receivers that can determine the
latitude and longitude of a given receiver (within its system) located on
Earth. It pin points the receiver‟s location by calculating the time it takes
for signals from different satellites (positioned at various locations) to
reach the receiver.
A digital mobile cellular standard developed and widely used in Europe.
One of the main 2G digital wireless standards.
A graphic mobile ad represented by a banner featuring an image. Similar
to web banner, but with lower size constraints.
A supported format for color images, such as mobile banner ads.
A business metric for counting the number of times mobile subscribers
have viewed a particular page, mobile advertisement on a mobile internet
site or embedded within a text message or similar mobile medium.
Content delivered in the form of an alert. Subscriber receives updates of
weather, traffic, horoscope, jokes of the day, etc via SMS text, at a
predetermined time and frequency.
A computerized system that allows a person, typically a telephone caller,
to select options from the menu and otherwise interact with the computer
phone system from their mobile device.
A phone technology that allows a computer to detect voice and touch
tones using a normal phone call. The IVR system can respond with prerecorded or dynamically generated audio to further direct callers on how
to proceed. IVR systems can be used to control almost any function
where the interface can be broken down into a series of simple menu
choices.
A 15 digit, unique serial number assigned to a mobile phone. IMEI
consists of five groups of numbers. The first group represents the
manufacture; the second sequence identifies the Type Approval Code
(TAC) or model number; the third represents Final Assembly Code (FAC);
the fourth is the device serial number and the fifth is a spare single digit
(usually 0)
A word or name used to distinguish a target message within Short Code
Service.
A secondary page to which a user is directed when they click on an ad,
where they are provided additional information and/or a mechanism to
make a purchase. The user is often driven to a landing page via an ad
banner, link or other offer-related communication.
A transparent advertising screen image that is inserted with text onto an
MMS message. This image will be displayed as the subscriber is viewing
the complete MMS message.
The Mobile Marketing Association (MMA) is the premier global non-profit
trade association established to lead the growth of mobile marketing and
its associated technologies. The MMA is an action-oriented organization
designed to clear obstacles to market development, establish mobile
media guidelines and the best practice for sustainable growth, and
evangelize the use of the mobile channel. The more than 600 member
companies, resenting over forty countries around the globe, include all
members of the mobile media ecosystem. The Mobile Marketing
Mobile Terminated
Message
Motion Picture Experts
Group
Multimedia Messaging
Peer to Peer Chat
Penetration
Personally-Identifiable
Information
Picture Message
Placement
Potential Audience
Predictive Text
Premium Billing
Pre-paid
Pre-roll
Privacy
Qwerty
Real Time Streaming
Protocol
Redemption
Referrer
Reply Actions
Revenue Share
Roaming
Short Message Service
Association‟s global headquarters are located in the United States and in
2007 it formed the North America (NA), Europe Middle East & Africa
(EMEA), Latin American (LATAM) and Asia Pacific (APAC) branches.
The reply message from the consumer„s mobile network that reaches
his/her handset after sending the MO message.
A compression technology for voice and video, which allows these forms
of information to be transmitted over difficult links or small-bandwidth
networks.
Standard for telephony messaging systems that enable the sending of
messages that include multimedia objects (images, audio, video, rich,
text). May or may not include normal text.
A one-to-one chat program of interactions between two individuals,
neither of whom is paid “chat professional”.
The percentage of the total population that owns a mobile phone.
Information that can be used to identify or contact a person, including
names, addresses. Pll also includes any other data, such as, but not
limited to, anonymous identifiers, demographic or behavioral data, when
such data are linked to PII and identify a person to the party holding such
data. Data that are PII for one party may not constitute PII for another.
An SMS that is designed with qwerty text to form a picture, and is sent via
SMS.
The area where an advertisement is displayed/placed within a publisher‟s
mobile content.
It is a) the total number of unique users/devices that is reached by any
site‟s content (pull advertising), or b) the number of addressable devices
to which the service provider or marketer has the permission and ability to
push advertising (push advertising).
Intelligent software that makes typing words/text messages easier on a
mobile phone keypad. Utilizes a built in dictionary. As the mobile
subscriber presses certain keys, the software tries to predict the words
the subscriber intends to compose based on the letters that correspond to
those keys.
The ability to bill above standard SMS/ text rates.
Term used for non-contract, no rental charge service where a mobile
subscriber buys credit usually in predetermined denominations, in
advance for the use of a mobile carrier‟s wireless telecommunication
services.
The streaming of a mobile advertising clip. The
The quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others.
A text entry method for subscribers to enter information or queries into a
handset, similar to a keyboard text entry.
A protocol for use in streaming media systems which allows a client to
remotely control a streaming media server, issuing VCR-like commands
such as “play” and “pause”, and allowing time-based access to files on a
server.
The number or percentage of consumers that actually took advantage of
a particular offer.
The Web page that delivered your visitor to your website.
The mobile subscriber may respond by replying to the MMS message.
Each party behind the mobile marketing initiative splits the revenue
derived from the mobile marketing program.
A service allowing mobile subscribers to use their handsets on the
networks of other mobile carriers.
A standard for telephony messaging systems that allow sending
messages between mobile devices that consist of short messages,
SIM Toolkit
Smartphone
Smishing
Sweepstakes
Synchronized Multimedia
Integration Language
Unique User
Unsolicited Messages
Unsubscribe
Value Added Service
Visibility
Viral Marketing
Wireless Advertising
Updated: 02 May 2012
normally with text only content.
A kit that allows mobile carries to add additional functions to the phone
menu in order to provide new services. It is also specified within the GSM
standard.
A handheld device that integrates mobile phone capabilities with the more
common features of a handheld computer or PDA. Smartphone‟s allow
users to store information, e-mail, and install programs, along with using a
mobile phone in one device.
A security attack in which the mobile subscriber is tricked into
downloading a Trojan horse, virus or other malware onto his/her handset.
SMiShing is short for “SMS phishing”.
A sweepstakes is a legal game that includes a prize, and a game of
chance. No consideration is allowed.
A protocol designed to allow the authorizing of MMS messages. The
protocol describes the sequence, timing and source of the message
elements. These elements could be images, audio, video or text.
A specific mobile subscriber. Every mobile subscriber has some form of
alpha and/or numeric code (not personal subscriber data like name or
phone number) that is sent with each advertisement request. These
unique identifiers are used to determine how many “unique users” view
each ad.
Commercial SMS or MMS messages sent to subscribers without seeking
approval.
Process of opting out of a mobile subscription service/application.
Additional services which add value to those already available on the
network.
How well-placed your Web site is in the search engines for relevant
keyword searches.
The communication via text or other mobile content including ringtones,
games and wallpaper by process in which consumer A receives the
original messages, identifies consumer B who he/she believes will be
interested in the message and initiates a process – such as inputting a
phone number, by which consumer B automatically receives the same
message.
See Mobile Advertising.
Source: Mobile Marketing Industry Glossary (MMA)
Industry Interest Bodies
AAA
AMASA
Association of Advertising Agencies
1. Advertising Media Association of South Africa
ASOM
CDF
DMASA
IMM
MFSA
NAB
PRISA
RAB
SAARF
SAMRA
2.
Updated: 02 May 2012
Association of Marketers
Creative Directors‟ Forum
The Direct Marketing Association of Southern Africa
3. The Institute of Marketing Management
Marketing Federation of South Africa
National Association of Broadcasters
Public Relations Institute of South Africa
Radio Advertising Bureau
South African Audience Research Foundation
South African Marketing Research Association
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