8065-02 Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and

8065-02 Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and
QU ALIFICAT ION HAN D B O OK
Level 2 Diploma in Food
Preparation and Cooking
(Culinary Arts) 8065-02
January 2014 Version 4.1 (June 2015)
Qualification at a glance
2
Subject area
Food Preparation and Culinary Arts
City & Guilds number
8065
Age group approved
16+
Assessment
Practical assignments and synoptic test
Fast track
Available
Support materials
Centre handbook, Candidate logbook,
SmartScreen
Registration and
certification
Consult the Walled Garden/Online
Catalogue for last dates
Level and title
City & Guilds
number
Qualification
accreditation
number
Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation
and Cooking Culinary Arts
8065-02
600/4860/8
Version number
Changes made
Section
2.1 (May 2012)
New resource requirements
Centre
Requirements
2.3 (June 2013)
Added extra range to unit 203
Units
2.4 (July 2013)
Centre guidance (section 6)
Units
3.0 (December 2013)
Added extra range to units 202
& 203
Units
4.0 (March 2014)
Information about evolve test
added to the Structure
Structure
4.1 (June 2015)
Changes made to range for
units 202, 203, 219
Units
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Contents
1
Introduction
4
2
Structure
5
3
Centre requirements
Approval
6
6
Resource requirements
6
Candidate entry requirements
Delivering the qualification
Initial assessment and induction
8
9
9
6
Support materials
Assessment
Assessment of the qualification
Units
9
10
10
11
Unit 105
Prepare food for cold presentation
12
Unit 202
Safety at work
14
Unit 203
Food safety in catering
19
Unit 206
Healthier foods and special diets
27
Unit 207
Prepare, cook and finish stocks, soups and sauces 30
Unit 208
Prepare, cook and finish fish and shellfish dishes 34
Unit 209
Prepare, cook and finish meat, poultry and offal
37
Unit 210
Prepare, cook and finish vegetables, fruit and
pulses
42
Unit 211
Prepare, cook and finish rice, grain, farinaceous
products and egg dishes
46
Unit 212
Prepare, cook and finish bakery products
54
Unit 213
Prepare, cook and finish hot and cold desserts and
puddings
57
Unit 219
Catering operations, costs and menu planning
60
Unit 221
Culinary Arts Principles
64
Appendix 1
Sources of general information
65
4
5
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
3
1
Introduction
This document tells you what you need to do to deliver the qualification:
Area
Description
Who is the
qualification for?
The Level 2 Diploma in Culinary Arts is for candidates
who wish to work in the hospitality industry and
already have knowledge of the basic principles of
kitchen work, or who can demonstrate commitment
and enthusiasm to work and study in order to
supplement their existing knowledge. Candidates
will be required to display both practical skills and the
associated knowledge in order to complete the
assessments
What does the
qualification cover?
The qualification covers both safety at work and in
the preparation of food, healthy eating and special
diets, costing and menu planning and the
preparation, cooking and finishing of a wide range of
commodities and dishes
What opportunities
for progression are
there?
On completion of this qualification candidates may
progress into employment as a commis chef or to the
following City & Guilds qualifications:
 City & Guilds Level 2 Food Preparation and
Cooking (Patisserie) – 8065-03
 City & Guilds Level 3 Advanced Diploma in Food
Preparation and Cookery Supervision – 8065-04
 City & Guilds Level 3 Diploma in Professional
Cookery – 7100.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
2
Structure
To achieve the Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary
Arts) learners must achieve all of the units listed in the table below.
Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts)
(8065-02)
City &
Guilds
unit
number
105
Unit
Unit title
accreditation
number
Notional
learning
hours
Guided
learning
hours
D/503/7849
30
20
202
203
H/503/7576
M/503/7578
60
30
40
20
206
D/500/2681
30
20
207
Y/503/7851
60
40
208
D/503/7852
60
40
209
H/503/7853
110
100
210
K/503/7854
70
50
211
M/503/7855
30
20
212
T/503/7856
80
60
213
A/503/7857
35
24
219
F/503/7858
50
40
221
Assessment
Prepare food for cold
presentation
Safety at work
Food safety in
catering
Healthier foods and
special diets
Prepare, cook and
finish stocks, soups
and sauces
Prepare, cook and
finish fish and shellfish
dishes
Prepare, cook and
finish meat, poultry
and offal
Prepare, cook and
finish vegetables, fruit
and pulses
Prepare, cook and
finish rice, grain,
farinaceous products
and egg dishes
Prepare, cook and
finish bakery products
Prepare, cook and
finish hot and cold
desserts and
puddings
Catering operations,
costs and menu
planning
Culinary Arts
Principles
503
E-volve on-line
tests
Food safety in
catering
N/A
N/A
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
5
3
Centre requirements
Approval
If your Centre is approved to offer the qualification:
 (7065-32) Level 2 IVQ Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking
(Culinary Arts) (500/5752/2)
you can apply for approval for the new:
 (8065-02) Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary
Arts)
using the fast track approval form, available from the City & Guilds
website.
Centres should use the fast track form if:
 there have been no changes to the way the qualifications are
delivered, and
 they meet all of the approval criteria in the fast track form guidance
notes.
Fast track approval is available for 12 months from the launch of the
qualification. After 12 months, the Centre will have to go through the
standard Qualification Approval Process. The centre is responsible for
checking that fast track approval is still current at the time of application.
New centres will need to gain both centre and qualification approval to
offer this qualification. Please refer to the Centre Manual - Supporting
Customer Excellence for further information.
Centre staff should familiarise themselves with the structure, content and
assessment requirements of the qualification before designing a course
programme.
Resource requirements
Resources
This qualification is aimed at candidates who will be entering the industry
and so it is important that they gain their experience in an industrial
kitchen. They should use appropriate equipment in terms of the size and
scale which must be of industry quality.
When being assessed candidates will need to have sufficient space to
work efficiently, hygienically and in a safe manner.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
As a minimum, it is expected that centres seeking approval for this
qualification have access to a well-equipped industrial kitchen including:
 cooking facilities to enable full access to the qualification for example
ovens, ranges, grills, griddles, woks, deep fat fryers, bain maries, hot
plates, display cabinets and food mixers.
 worktop space – stainless steel workstations or tables used as food
preparation areas
 washing facilities- hand washing, food preparation and wash up
 refrigerators and freezers
 suitable storage facilities
 small and large equipment- it is recommended that centres review the
range of equipment requirements against each unit within this
qualification as it may be necessary to purchase additional equipment
in order to offer the qualification.
 Health and Safety equipment to include PPE, food temperature
equipment and fire safety.
Centres should be able to maintain food and beverage stock levels, both
perishable and non-perishable ingredients, to allow all candidates to
prepare the given variety of dishes using the full range of food
preparation methods.
Centres wishing to deliver these qualifications must ensure that they have
the staff and facilities to deliver the practical elements of the course. If
there are no facilities within the centre to deliver the activities in a realistic
working environment we recommend developing links with local industry
to provide hands-on experience.
Centre staffing
Staff delivering this qualification must be able to demonstrate that they
meet the following occupational expertise requirements. They should:
 be occupationally competent or technically knowledgeable in the area
for which they are delivering training and/or have experience of
providing training. This knowledge must be to the same level as the
training being delivered
 have recent relevant experience in the specific area they will be
assessing
 have credible experience of providing training.
Centre staff may undertake more than one role, eg tutor and assessor or
internal verifier, but cannot internally verify their own assessments.
Continuing professional development (CPD)
Centres must support their staff to ensure that they have current
knowledge of the occupational area, that delivery, mentoring, training,
assessment and verification is in line with best practice, and that it takes
account of any national or legislative developments.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Candidate entry requirements
City & Guilds does not set entry requirements for this qualification.
However, centres must ensure that candidates have the potential and
opportunity to gain the qualification successfully.
Age restrictions
City & Guilds cannot accept any registrations for candidates under 16 as
these qualifications are not approved for under 16s.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Delivering the qualification
Initial assessment and induction
An initial assessment of each candidate should be made before the start
of their programme to identify:
 if the candidate has any specific training needs,
 support and guidance they may need when working towards their
qualification.
 any units they have already completed, or credit they have
accumulated which is relevant to the qualification.
 the appropriate type and level of qualification.
We recommend that centres provide an induction programme so the
candidate fully understands the requirements of the qualification[s], their
responsibilities as a candidate, and the responsibilities of the centre. This
information can be recorded on a learning contract.
Support materials
The following resources are available for this qualification:
Description
How to access
Candidate logbook
www.cityandguilds.com
Assessment Pack
www.cityandguilds.com
SmartScreen
www.smartscreen.co.uk
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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5
Assessment
Assessment of the qualification
Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary
Arts) (8065-02)
Practical assignments
Learners are required to
successfully complete practical
assignments to be assessed in
centre. The Assessment Pack which
includes specific guidance,
information and instructions can be
located at www.cityandguilds.com
Externally set question papers
To achieve the qualification,
candidates are required to be
successful in the following
examinations:
 Food Safety in Catering
(available online)
 Culinary Arts Principles
(available online)
Please refer to the International
Directory on the Walled Garden for
dates and times of each
examination.
Test specifications for each
examination can be found in
Appendix 1 of the Assessment
Pack.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Units
Structure of units
These units each have the following:
 City & Guilds reference number
 Unit Accreditation Number (UAN)
 title
 level
 notional learning hours (NLH)
 guided learning hours (GLH)
 unit aim
 learning outcomes which are comprised of a number of assessment
criteria.
Centres must deliver the full breadth of the range. Specialist equipment
or commodities may not be available to all centres, so centres should
ensure that their delivery covers their use. This may be covered by a
practical demonstration (e.g. video). For the practical assessments for
this qualification, centres should ensure that there are sufficient
resources to complete the task but are not required to use all the
equipment or commodities in the range.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Unit 105
Prepare food for cold
presentation
UAN:
D/503/7849
Level:
Level 1
GLH
20
NLH
30
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to enable the learner to develop the
necessary knowledge, understanding and skills required in
preparing and presenting cold foods. The skills required to
prepare and present cold food are required in all sectors of
the catering industry. Learners will be introduced to the
techniques of preparing and presenting a range of cold food
items ranging from simple sandwiches to complex cold
buffets.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare food for cold presentation
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 list food items used for cold presentation
1.2 describe preparation methods and storage of food for cold
presentation
1.3 state the importance of presentation in the service of cold food.
Range
Food items
Bread products, meat (ham, salami, beef, chicken, offal, pate/terrine), fish
(smoked, fresh, cooked), shellfish, vegetables, salads, dressings, sauces,
fruits, dairy products, savoury pastries, eggs, preserves.
Preparation methods
Marinade, slice, chop, mix, spread, shred, wash, re-wash, dice, carve,
portion, mould.
Storage
Holding food in a refrigerator prior to serving, use of refrigerated display
cabinets during service.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare food for cold presentation
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select equipment and tools suitable for preparing and serving
cold food
2.2 select food items suitable for cold presentation
2.3 prepare food for cold presentation
2.4 combine food items to achieve the correct colour, flavour and
texture
2.5 finish food according to dish requirements
2.6 display the cold food correctly prior to service
2.7 comply with hygienic and safe working practices throughout the
operation.
Range
Equipment and tools
Knives, boards, utensils, refrigerators, display cabinets, serving platters.
Food items
Bread products, meat (ham, salami, beef, chicken, offal, pate/terrine), fish
(smoked, fresh, cooked), shellfish, vegetables, salads, dressings, sauces,
fruits, dairy products, savoury pastries, eggs, preserves.
Preparation methods
Marinade, slice, chop, spread, mix, shred, wash, re-wash, dice, carve,
portion, mould.
Finish
Season (eg herbs, spices), dress (eg cold sauces/dressings, yoghurt),
Garnish (eg herbs, salads, leaves, flowers), marinade (eg vinegar, herbs).
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Unit 202
Safety at work
UAN:
H/503/7576
Level:
Level 2
GLH
40
NLH
60
This unit covers common hazards and risks and the ways to
control and minimise them. The concept of a hazard and its
associated risk is introduced and learners then progress to
identifying common hazards and associated risks and the
steps involved in the risk assessment process.
Aim:
The unit outlines procedures to be followed in the event of
accidents and emergencies and highlights the importance of
reporting and recording procedures. Learners should be
aware of the functions of personal protective equipment
(PPE) and the types of safety signs.
Students are expected to apply these safety procedures in
completing this qualification.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 know how to identify and control hazards in the workplace
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 list causes of slips, trips and falls in the workplace
1.2 state the steps to minimise the risk of slips, trips and falls
1.3 identify the main injuries from manual handling
1.4 state the ways to reduce the risk of injury from lifting, carrying
and handling
1.5 identify the correct lifting procedure
1.6 identify ways machinery/equipment can cause injuries
1.7 list control measures to avoid accidents from
machinery/equipment
1.8 state types of hazardous substances found in the workplace
1.9 list control methods for hazardous substances to prevent
exposure and for protection of employees
1.10 indicate the main causes of fire and explosions
1.11 state the ways in which elements of the fire triangle can be used
to extinguish a fire
1.12 identify dangers associated with electricity
1.13 identify the measures to prevent electricity dangers
1.14 state methods to deal with electrical dangers
1.15 state the functions of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
1.16 explain the purpose of safety signs
1.17 identify different types of fire fighting equipment.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Range
Causes
Poor design/structure of building, poor signage, bad housekeeping
standards, poor lighting or ventilation, dangerous working practices,
distraction and lack of attention, working too quickly, ignoring rules, not
wearing the correct personal protective equipment (PPE),
physical/mental state.
Minimise the risk
Improved and safe design of building, correct and clear/visible signage,
good housekeeping standard, well lit and ventilated working areas,
carrying out a risk assessment and taking necessary action, training staff
in routine work practices, reporting procedures, strict enforcement of
rules, correct use of PPE at all times, in a physical/mental state ready for
work.
Main injuries from manual handling
Back/spinal injuries, muscular injuries, fractures, sprains, cuts and
bruises.
Ways to reduce the risk of injury
Assess the task (eg distance, weight, temperature), follow the correct
procedure (minimise the distance, correct number of people, correct
lifting/carrying equipment), reduce the load, if possible use correct PPE,
check the environment is safe (eg flooring, lighting and temperature, free
from obstructions), adequate training in correct handling techniques.
Correct lifting procedure
Planning and preparation (plan the lift and route, assess the weight, size
and temperature of load), lift (correct posture, hold object close to body),
move load (hold close, clear visibility and proceed carefully), lower load
(check positioning).
Ways equipment can cause injuries
Entanglement/entrapment, impact (eg from falling equipment), contact,
ejection, faulty equipment, inappropriate use of equipment.
Control measures
Training in the use of equipment, PPE, safe working procedures, report
faults.
Types of hazardous substances
Cleaning chemicals, cooking liquids, gases, gels and spirits.
Control methods
Training in the use of hazardous substances, personal protective
equipment (PPE), safe working procedures, distribution of dangerous
substances eg chemicals.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Main causes of fire and explosions
Electricity, electrical fault, gas leak, build up of gas, smoking, hot
liquid/substances, tools or equipment with a naked flame.
Elements
Fuel (remove the source of fuel), oxygen (restrict the supply of oxygen by
smothering), heat (remove the heat).
Dangers
Electric shock, burns, fire, death.
Measures to prevent electricity dangers
Testing and maintenance of electrical equipment, use of qualified
electricians, check cables and flex, use of correct fuses, circuit breakers,
do not use faulty equipment, keep electrical equipment away from water.
Methods
Raise the alarm, switch off power, if possible, call for help (first aid,
emergency services), follow legal requirements.
The functions of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Protect the individual and control health hazards (eg gloves to protect
hands or goggles when using hazardous substances).
Safety signs
Prohibition signs, fire fighting signs, mandatory signs, warning signs,
hazard warning signs, safe signs.
Fire fighting equipment
Fire extinguishers, sand buckets, fire blankets.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 understand risk assessment in the workplace
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 define the term hazard
2.2 define the term risk
2.3 list the steps in the risks assessment process
2.4 identify the benefits of risk assessment
2.5 state the control measures for reducing risk
2.6 state the reasons for reporting accidents
2.7 outline the information to be recorded in the accident book.
Range
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Hazard
Anything having potential to cause harm.
Risk
Likelihood of hazard causing actual harm.
Steps
Identify all hazards, identify who is at risk, evaluate risks, implement
control measures, record the assessment, review of steps.
Benefits
Thorough evaluation of all significant hazards which prevent accidents
and ill health, prioritise action which improves operational efficiency and
financial savings, confidence in health and safety measures, legal
compliance.
Control measures
Remove or eliminate hazards, separate or isolate worker from hazards,
develop and use safe systems of work, training, instruction and
supervision of workers, provide personal protection to minimise risk.
Reasons
Investigation to assess risks, analysis to determine the reasons,
prevention to reduce risks.
Information
Date, time, name, brief description of accident, witnesses, action taken
by whom, result.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3 understand how to maintain a healthy and safe workplace
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 identify the features in the working areas which will affect safe
working practices
3.2 define incident reporting
3.3 outline the recording and control procedures to be followed
when an accident occurs
3.4 state the methods of reporting an emergency situation
3.5 describe the emergency procedure to be followed in the event
of a serious accident or incident.
Range
Features
Design, layout, space and workflow, structure (floors, stairs, doors and
windows), services (ventilation, heating, air-conditioning, lighting),
maintenance and housekeeping.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Working areas
Kitchen, restaurant, bar, stores, surrounding areas.
Incident reporting
Reporting of verbal abuse, threats, assault, anything that could lead to a
serious hazardous situation.
Procedures to be followed
The incident should be recorded, investigated, risk-assessed, control
measures introduced, reviewed.
Emergency
Accident/incident that could result in serious injury or even death, fire,
explosion.
Emergency procedure
Move the casualty from danger zone (if possible), seek help from
competent first aider, contact emergency services, seek medical
assistance urgently.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Unit 203
Food safety in catering
UAN:
M/503/7578
Level:
Level 2
GLH
20
NLH
30
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to provide learners with knowledge of
the parameters of basic food safety practices as relevant to
the catering industry. This unit provides learners with a range
of food safety skills directly relevant to the catering and
hospitality industry.
Note: learners will be expected to apply the working methods
from this unit to all other units of the qualification. It is
recommended that this unit is achieved by the learners at the
beginning of the course.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand food safety procedures
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 define food poisoning
1.2 define food hygiene
1.3 outline hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) practices
and procedures
1.4 identify key food safety records
1.5 state the key elements of a food safety policy
1.6 identify reporting procedures
1.7 state the key requirements of food safety legislation.
Range
HACCP practices and procedures
Hazard analysis at all stages of food production, identification of control
points and critical control points, control limits, corrective action, audit
and validation/verification documentation.
Records
Training records, pest control records, temperature records – hot and
cold refrigerator/freezer temperatures, cleaning records, rotation of
stock records.
Key elements
Guidance on the following: personal hygiene, accident and sickness
procedures, pest control, cleaning and disinfection, visitors’ policy.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Reporting procedures
Accident, sickness, problems with pests, complaints and equipment
failure.
Key requirements
Personal hygiene practices, compliance with training policies,
compliance with organisational policies and procedures, compliance with
food safety legislation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 understand how to keep self clean and hygienic
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 describe the design features of protective clothing for food
handlers
2.2 identify bad habits and poor hygiene practices
2.3 identify resources/facilities and procedures for hand washing
2.4 list the most important times to wash hands
2.5 describe the advantages and disadvantages of wearing gloves
2.6 list reportable illnesses and infections
2.7 explain the term carriers
2.8 state the importance of being ‘fit for work’
2.9 describe the features of plasters suitable for use by food handlers
2.10 state the bacteria associated with open wounds.
Range
Design features
No external pockets, press studs and Velcro rather than buttons, cover
all own clothes, durable, easy to clean, preferably light coloured, long
sleeves to protect arms.
Bad habits and poor hygiene practices
Eating/chewing, spitting, nail biting, scratching, smoking, infrequent
cleaning of oneself and working environment, touching any part of the
body.
Resources/facilities and procedures
Use of hot and cold running water, liquid anti-bacterial soap, disposable
paper-towels, separate sink for hand washing, sanitiser.
Times
After touching face, coughing, sneezing, nose blowing, touching raw
food or waste products, handling cleaning materials, after going to the
toilet, after breaks, after smoking, between tasks to prevent crosscontamination, at the beginning of a shift, after handling money, after
cleaning a wound, after touching any part of the body.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages: barrier for cuts, reduction of bacterial contamination, public
perception.
Disadvantages: skin infection, cost, false sense of security ie gloves not
changed frequently enough.
Reportable illnesses and infections
Diarrhoea, vomiting, colds, sore throats, congested eyes, skin infections,
stomach upset, suspected food poisoning.
Carriers
Healthy: a person who carries the virus or bacteria without showing any
symptoms.
Convalescent: recovering from the virus or bacteria and continues to be
a carrier.
Fit for work
Fitness for work certificate/medical clearance.
Features
Non food coloured plaster, waterproof, metal strip.
Bacteria
Staphylococcus Aureus.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3 Understand how to keep the working area clean and hygienic
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 identify different types of cleaning products and cleaning
equipment
3.2 define a ‘clean as you go’ policy
3.3 identify the six stages of cleaning
3.4 state the key features of cleaning schedules
3.5 list different cleaning methods used for tools and equipment
3.6 describe the safety requirements for handling and storing
chemicals
3.7 list the features of equipment and surfaces suitable for use in food
handling areas
3.8 describe the ways in which waste should be stored and disposed
of
3.9 describe the importance of keeping the waste storage area clean
and tidy
3.10 list common types of food pests
3.11 identify signs of food pests
3.12 describe pest management reporting and control procedures
3.13 describe different pest proofing methods.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Range
Cleaning products
Detergent, sanitisers, disinfectant, sterilisers, bactericides.
Cleaning equipment
Mops, buckets, cloths, vacuum cleaner.
Six stages of cleaning
Pre-clean, main clean, rinse, disinfect, rinse, dry, double sink washing up
method (pre clean, main clean using detergent, second sink to disinfect
using chemicals or water at the correct temperature).
Key features
Who, what, where, why, when, how, safety measures.
Cleaning methods
Dismantling component parts before cleaning, washing, rinsing, drying,
reassembling component parts after cleaning, cleaning procedures,
correct usage of personal protective equipment (PPE), correct usage of
chemicals, following manufacturer’s guidelines.
Tools and equipment
Knives, small utensils, medium and large scale equipment.
Safety requirements
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health, storage away from foods,
storage in original containers, labelling, decanting, personal protective
equipment (PPE), dilution, manufacturers’ instructions.
Features
Smooth, non-porous, inert, easily cleaned, non-toxic, no crevasses,
resistant to corrosion.
Waste
Unfit food, non-food refuse, recycling.
Importance
To prevent odours , pests, bacteria growth.
Pests
Rodents, cockroaches, insects, domestic pets, birds.
Signs
Droppings, smell, smear marks, pupae cases, larvae, damaged/gnawed
packaging, food spillages.
Control procedures
Environmental, design, proofing, physical, chemical.
Methods
Kick plates, bristle strips, self closing door, fly screens, building
maintenance.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4 know how to receive and store food safely
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 describe the checks that should be made when accepting
deliveries of ambient, chilled or frozen foods
4.2 describe stock rotation systems
4.3 describe the difference between 'best before' and 'use by dates'
4.4 identify the correct storage conditions for foods
4.5 state the reasons why certain foods require refrigeration
4.6 describe the methods of storing foods which prevent
contamination by pests
4.7 identify the main categories of contamination
4.8 define the term cross contamination
4.9 describe ways of reducing cross contamination
4.10 describe the types of cross contamination
4.11 state the conditions for safe food storage
4.12 state the rules to observe when using probe thermometers
4.13 state best practice for thawing/defrosting foods
4.14 identify the documents used for recording food storage and
temperature control.
Range
Checks
Damage, dates, quality, quantities, pest infestation, temperature.
Stock rotation systems
FIFO (first in first out), day dots, date systems, labelling.
Correct storage
Ambient: dry and well ventilated storeroom.
Chilled: store cooked and raw foods separately.
Frozen: store cooked and raw foods separately.
Optimum storage temperatures:
ambient food: 14ºC to 18ºC
chilled food: 1ºC to 5ºC (lower for fresh fish, 0ºC to 3ºC)
frozen: -18ºC to -22ºC.
Reasons
To prevent spoilage bacteria from spoiling the food, prevent pathogenic
bacteria growing on high risk foods.
Methods
Off floor, pest proof containers.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
23
Categories
Chemical, physical, microbiological, allergenic.
Ways of reducing cross contamination
Colour coded systems, thorough cleaning procedures, separate area for
preparation, cooking and storage, linear work flow, appropriate training.
Types
Direct, indirect, drip.
Conditions for safe food storage
Chilled and frozen food to be stored as soon as possible (best practice is
within 15 minutes of delivery), covered, wrapped, in suitable containers,
labelled, away from contaminants and strong odours.
Rules
Disinfect probe before and after use, calibration of equipment.
Best practice
Use of thawing cabinets, fridges, refrigerated rooms.
Documents
Delivery monitoring form, fridge/freezer monitoring form,
cooking/cooling record sheets.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5 know how to prepare cook hold and serve food safely
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 list the micro-organisms associated with food poisoning
5.2 identify non-bacterial causes of food poisoning
5.3 state the usual conditions for bacterial growth
5.4 identify different types of high risk foods
5.5 describe techniques to prevent food poisoning during preparing,
cooking and serving foods
5.6 describe common symptoms of food poisoning
5.7 identify the people most at risk from food poisoning
5.8 identify common food allergens and intolerances
5.9 identify sources of physical contaminants
5.10 identify the temperatures at which most food poisoning microorganisms will grow rapidly, cease to multiply and die
5.11 define the term temperature danger zone
5.12 identify different heat treatment processes
5.13 identify the best practice for cooking and reheating food
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
5.14 identify the best practice for chilling food
5.15 identify the best practice for holding food, hot and cold for
service.
Range
Micro-organisms
Pathogens: Salmonella, clostridium prefingens, Bacillus cereus,
clostridium botulinum, staphylococcus aureus, e-coli.
Food borne diseases: bacillary dysentery, typhoid/paratyphoid, listeria,
campylobacter enteritis.
Spoilage organisms: harmless organisms, moulds, viruses, yeasts, toxins.
Non-bacterial causes of food poisoning
Metals, poisonous plants, chemicals, equipment, tampering, viruses.
Conditions
Warmth, food, moisture, time, pH balance.
Types of high risk food
Cooked meats, poultry, dairy products, cooked rice, stocks, sauces, fish,
shellfish.
Techniques
Cleaning procedures, good personal hygiene, pest control, storage
procedures, separate areas for preparation, cooking and storage.
Symptoms
Nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain.
People
Young children, the elderly, sick, pregnant women, those with immune
deficiency.
Food allergens and intolerances
Nuts, wheat, dairy, gluten, shellfish (seafood), fungus.
Sources of physical contaminants
People (eg hair, unwashed hands, jewellery), equipment (eg screws,
broken parts), pests (eg droppings), premises (eg flaking paint), product
(eg pieces of packaging).
Temperature
5 °C to 63°C.
Heat treatment process
Cooking, pasteurisation, sterilisation, ultra heat treatment, canning.
Best practice for cooking and reheating food
Cook and re-heat to core temperature of 75°C.
Best practice for chilling food
Chill hot food to under 5°C within recommended guideline of 90 minutes.
Methods for chilling: blast chiller; freezer; stand/stir food over ice cold
water; decant large quantities into smaller portions; do not mix hot with
cold foods.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
25
Best practice for holding food
Holding and Serving – cold: below 8°C, hot: above 63°C.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Unit 206
Healthier foods and special
diets
UAN:
D/500/2681
Level:
Level 2
GLH
20
NLH
30
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to enable the candidate to develop
knowledge and understanding of the importance of good
health and the principles of a balanced diet and be able to
apply best practice in the preparation, cooking and serving
of dishes, to ensure that changes in nutritional value are
minimised.
There is also an emphasis in this unit on special diets and
their causes and effects on individuals. Best practice in the
preparation, storage, cooking and serving of special diets is
encouraged whilst developing an awareness of the
responsibility of food providers to inform customers of the
content of products or dishes.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand the principle of balanced diets
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 outline current local nutritional guidelines for a healthy diet
1.2 state the sources of essential nutrients
1.3 describe the impact of diet on health
1.4 describe the catering practices that help maintain the nutritional
value of food.
Range
Nutritional guidelines
These are subject to change, however, the following sources are
currently available:
 appropriate local guidelines.
Sources
Food items – bread and other cereals, fruit and vegetables, dairy
products, meat, fish, pulses, foods containing fat, foods containing
sugar.
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrates, starches, fibre, protein, fat (including fatty acids),
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
27
vitamins A, B, C, D, E, folic acid, calcium, iron.
Impact
Negative: heart disease, strokes, obesity, diabetes, malnutrition, tooth
decay, high blood pressure.
Positive: lower cholesterol, reduce the risk of heart disease and obesity.
Catering practices
Preparation (eg trimming fat): use of healthier cooking methods (eg use
of alternatives to fats and oils, or cooking methods that do not require
the use of fats and oils, such as, steaming instead of boiling to preserve
vitamins, grilling instead of frying); service minimal holding times.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare healthy and nutritionally balanced meals
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 outline the main features of special diets
2.2 describe the impact of special diets on health
2.3 describe catering practices to be considered when planning and
providing meals for those on special diets.
Range
Special diets
Vegetarian, vegan, religious/cultural (kosher, halal), medically related,
allergies and intolerance, life stages (eg Children, expectant mothers,
and elderly).
Impact
Negative: lack of nutrients, rickets, anaemia, insomnia, irritability, hair
loss, poor appetite.
Positive: lower cholesterol, reduced risk of heart disease and obesity.
Catering practices
Interpreting information on labels, adjusting menus and recipes,
substitution of ingredients, separation of food items and equipment,
clear labelling of food, communication with staff and customers,
providing a balanced healthy diet.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3 prepare healthy and nutritionally balanced meals
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 plan menus to suit special dietary requirements
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
3.2
3.3
3.4
provide dietary advice on the menu for good health or dietary
choice life styles
adapt recipes to take account of special diets
prepare and cook balanced meals for different special dietary
requirements avoiding destruction of nutrients.
Range
Special dietary requirements
Young, old pregnant woman, religious and cultural beliefs, allergies,
heart disease, diabetic, celiac, obese, vegetarians, vegans.
Dietary advice
Low fat, salt sugar diets, those likely to cause allergic reactions, religious
beliefs, health choices, vegetarianism, vegans.
Adapt recipes
Reduced fats, sugars, salt, refined foods, add more seasoning, use
alternative produce, yeast extracts, tofu, soya sauce, animal food
replacements.
Destruction of nutrients
During storage: methods of storage, temperatures, humidity, time in
storage.
During preparation: soaking in water, cutting.
During cooking: overcooking, incorrect temperatures.
During holding: prolonged holding, incorrect temperatures.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
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Unit 207
Prepare, cook and finish
stocks, soups and sauces
UAN:
Y/503/7851
Level:
Level 2
GLH
40
NLH
60
Aim:
Stocks, soups and sauces are the key building blocks of many
dishes and an understanding of them is essential for any chef.
The aim of this unit is to equip learners with the knowledge
and skills required to prepare, cook and store stocks, soups
and sauces.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish stocks
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 describe different types of stock and their use
1.2 describe different preparation, cooking and finishing methods for
stock
1.3 state the cooking time for different types of stock
1.4 list the quality points of finished stock
1.5 state the correct chilling and storage procedures for prepared
stock.
Range
Types of stock
White (beef, veal, chicken, fish/shellfish, vegetable, game), brown (beef,
veal, chicken, game), convenience products (court bouillon, glazes).
Methods
Preparing: washing, re-washing, cutting, chopping, blanching, browning
Cooking and finishing: simmering, skimming, straining, chilling.
Quality points of finished stock
Colour and appearance, consistency, seasoning, temperature.
Chilling and storage procedures
Chill quickly, temperature, date, labelling, covering, position in the fridge,
stock rotation.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish stocks
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for type of stock being prepared
2.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
2.4 prepare, cook and finish stock using appropriate methods
2.5 store stock not for immediate use
2.6 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.7 plan work, estimate time and cost dishes for all procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives, chopping boards, stock pots, jugs, utensils, strainers, stove, hot
plates.
Ingredients
Bones (meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, game), vegetables, flavourings
(herbs and spices; bouquet garni), liquids (water, wine).
Types of stock
White (beef, veal, chicken, fish/shellfish, vegetable, game), brown (beef,
veal, chicken, game), convenience products (court bouillon, glazes).
Methods
Preparing: washing, re-washing, cutting, chopping, blanching, browning
Cooking and finishing: simmering, skimming, straining, chilling.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3 understand how to prepare, cook and finish soups
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 describe different types of soups
3.2 describe methods used to clarify soups
3.3 describe different finishing methods for soups
3.4 state the correct storage procedures for prepared soups.
Range
Types of soup
Velouté (cream), potage (eg minestrone, french onion), chowder
(fish/shellfish, corn), bisque, chilled (gaspacho, vichyssoise), purée (eg
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
31
lentil, potato, vegetable), broth (scotch, mutton) consommé.
Finishing methods
Finish soup by thickening (liaison, cornflour, butter, cream, wines,
fortified wines), garnishes (herbs, spices, vegetables, cream)
Accompaniments: croutons, parmesan, sippets.
Storage procedures
Chill quickly, temperature, date, labelling, covering, position in the fridge,
stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4 be able to prepare, cook and finish soups
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
4.2 select appropriate ingredients for the soup being prepared
4.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
4.4 prepare, cook and finish soups using appropriate methods
4.5 store soups not for immediate use
4.6 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
4.7 plan work and estimate time realistically for all procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives, chopping boards, cutting equipment, saucepan, mixers,
liquidisers, utensils (including strainers), stoves, hot plates, fridge.
Types of soup
Velouté (cream), potage (eg minestrone, french onion), chowder
(fish/shellfish, corn), bisque, chilled (gaspacho, vichyssoise), purée (eg
lentil, potato, vegetable), broth (scotch, mutton) consommé.
Methods
Preparing: washing, cutting, chopping,
Cooking and finishing: simmering, skimming, straining, chilling.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5 understand how to prepare, cook and finish sauces
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 describe different types of sauces
5.2 describe different finishing methods for sauces
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
5.3
state the correct storage procedures for prepared sauces.
Range
Types of sauces
white roux (béchamel derivatives), blond roux (veloute derivatives),
brown roux (brown sauce derivatives), reductions (wine, cream), glazes,
roast (jus)(meat), Emulsified (hollandaise derivatives, beurre blanc,
mayonnaise).
Finishing methods
Adjust consistency (use of reduction, roux, beurre manie,
breadcrumbs/rice, butter, powdered starch/thickening agents, liaison)
and flavour (eg add cream, egg yolks, butter, pulses, seasoning), garnish.
Storage procedures
Chill quickly, temperature, date, labelling, covering, position in the fridge,
stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
6 be able to prepare, cook and finish sauces
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
6.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
6.2 select appropriate ingredients for the sauce being prepared
6.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
6.4 prepare, cook and finish sauces using appropriate methods
6.5 store sauces not for immediate use
6.6 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
6.7 plan work and estimate time realistically for all procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Chopping boards, knives, saucepans, spoons/spatulas, strainers, ladles,
whisks, Bain Marie, stove, hot plate fridge.
Sauce
white roux (béchamel derivatives), blond roux (veloute derivatives)
brown roux (brown sauce derivatives), reductions (wine, cream), glazes,
roast (jus)(meat), Emulsified (hollandaise derivatives, beurre blanc,
mayonnaise).
Methods
Preparing: cutting, chopping, grating, browning.
Cooking and finishing: simmering, skimming, passing and straining,
chilling.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
33
Unit 208
Prepare, cook and finish fish
and shellfish dishes
UAN:
D/503/7852
Level:
Level 2
GLH
40
NLH
60
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to provide learners with a sound,
rounded experience in preparing and cooking fish and
shellfish dishes. They will learn to recognise the quality
points of fish and shellfish with emphasis on safe and
hygienic practices when preparing and cooking fish and
shellfish. The unit focuses on the production of dishes, using
suitable tools and equipment enabling learners to
demonstrate the process of preparing, cooking and
producing finished dishes using a range of commodities and
ingredients.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish fish and shellfish dishes
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify different types of fish and shellfish
1.2 describe the quality points of fish and shellfish
1.3 describe different cuts of fish
1.4 list different preparation methods for fish and shellfish
1.5 list different cooking methods for fish and shellfish
1.6 identify different sauces used in the finishing of dishes
1.7 describe different preservation methods for fish and shellfish
1.8 state the correct storage procedures for prepared fish and
shellfish prior to cooking
1.9 identify local endangered species of fish and shellfish that should
not be used.
Range
Fish
Fresh water, sea water oily, sea water white round, sea water white flat.
Shellfish
Crustacean – crab, lobster, shrimp, crawfish, scampi.
Mollusca
Univalve - limpets, whelks winkles, tower shells, tusk shells
Bivalve – cockles, scallops mussels, oyster, razor clams, carpet shells,
paddocks.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Cephalopod molluscs (squid, octopus, cuttlefish).
Quality points
Fish: smell, appearance, scales, skin, eyes, gills, flesh.
Shellfish: alive/cooked, weight, colour, signs of damage, closed, free from
barnacles and mud, smell.
Cuts of fish
Darne, Tronçon, Fillets, Suprême, Délice, Goujons, Goujonette,
Paupiettes, Plaited (en tresse).
Preparation methods
Fish - trimming (may include removal of guts, eyes, gills, fins and scales),
cleaning, gutting and leaving whole, skinning, filleting (removal of fish
from bone), stuffing, wrapping, coating/crumbing
Shellfish - washing clean, boiling, removing meat from claws, body, legs
and shell (eg crab), purging, removing barnacles, byssus threads (eg
mussels), removing beak and transparent bone (eg squid).
Cooking methods
Roasting, grilling, frying (shallow, deep, stir fry), baking, stewing,
poaching, braising, steaming.
Preservation methods
Chilling, vacuum packing, freezing, salting, brining, pickling, smoking,
drying.
Storage
Temperature, date, labelling, covered, position in fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish fish and shellfish dishes
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for fish and shellfish dishes being
prepared
2.3 select fish and shellfish that is of the correct quality and quantity
for recipe
2.4 prepare fish and shellfish according to dish requirements
2.5 cook fish and shellfish using appropriate method monitoring
quality points and making adjustments as required
2.6 finish fish and shellfish using appropriate method to recipe
requirements
2.7 store fish and shellfish not for immediate use
2.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.9 plan work and estimate time realistically for all procedures.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
35
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives or cutting equipment, boards, trays, bowls, pans trays spatulas,
whisks, strainers, tongs, ladles, Bain Marie, stoves, grills (over and under)
ovens, fryer, hot plate cold and frozen storage.
Ingredients
Fish, shellfish, vegetables, fats, herbs, spices, salt, marinades, stocks,
dairy products (cream).
Fish
Fresh water, sea water oily, sea water white round, sea water white flat.
Shellfish
Crustacean: crab, lobster, shrimp, crawfish, scampi.
Mollusc
Univalve: limpets, whelks winkles, tower shells, tusk shells.
Bivalve: cockles, scallops mussels, oyster, razor clams, carpet shells,
paddocks.
Cephalopod molluscs (squid, octopus, cuttlefish).
Quality points
Fish: smell, appearance, scales, skin, eyes, gills, flesh.
Shellfish: alive/cooked, weight, colour, signs of damage, closed, free from
barnacles and mud, smell.
Preparation methods
Fish: trimming (may include removal of guts, eyes, gills, fins and scales),
cleaning, gutting and leaving whole, skinning, filleting (removal of fish
from bone),cuts according to dish requirements (Darne, Tronçon, Fillets,
Suprême, Délice, Goujons, Goujonette, Paupiettes, Plaited (en tresse),
stuffing, wrapping, coating.
Shellfish: washing clean, boiling, removing meat from claws, body, legs
and shell (eg crab), purging, removing barnacles, byssus threads (eg
mussels), removing beak and transparent bone (eg squid).
Cooking
Roasting, grilling, frying (shallow, deep, stir fry), baking, stewing,
poaching, braising, steaming.
Finishing
Fish: garnishing, coating with sauces ( hot and cold), combining with
other ingredients, adjusting flavour.
Shellfish: adding sauce (cold sauce, hot sauce), adding vegetables, fruit,
rice, pasta, garnish, accompaniments.
Store
Temperature, date, labelling, covered, position in the fridge, stock
rotation.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Unit 209
Prepare, cook and finish meat,
poultry and offal
UAN:
H/503/7853
Level:
Level 2
GLH
100
NLH
110
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to provide learners with a rounded
experience in preparing and cooking meat, poultry and offal
dishes. They will learn to recognise the quality points of
meat, poultry and offal with emphasis placed on the
development, practice and acquisition of practical skills in
preparation and cooking.
The unit focuses on the production of dishes, using suitable
tools and equipment and producing finished dishes using a
range of commodities and ingredients.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish meat, poultry and offal
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify different types of meat, poultry and offal
1.2 describe the quality points of meat, poultry and offal
1.3 identify different cuts of meat and poultry
1.4 list different preparation methods for meat, poultry and offal
1.5 list different cooking methods for meat, poultry and offal
1.6 describe different types of flavourings used for cooking meat,
poultry and offal
1.7 describe different preservation methods for meat, poultry and
offal
1.8 state the correct storage procedures for prepared meat, poultry
and offal.
Range
Meat
Red meat (beef, lamb), white meat (veal, pork), local varieties.
Poultry
Chicken, turkey, guinea fowl, duck, goose, local varieties.
Offal
Liver, kidneys, other (eg tongue, tail, sweetbreads, heart), local varieties.
Quality points
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
37
Meat: compaction, texture, smell, colour, marbling, fat, bone, age,
grading.
Poultry: aroma, freshness, type, damage, colour, temperature, texture,
water content, compaction.
Offal: texture, smell, colour, fat, bone if applicable.
Cuts
Poultry: whole (roast), breasts, legs (eg confit),cut for sauté , suprêmes,
thighs, drumstick, escalopes, strips/dice, flat (grill eg spatchcock).
Meat: beef (sirloin, fillet, rump, foreribs, topside, chuck); lamb (leg,
shoulder, loin, rack/best end); pork (loin, leg, shoulder, fillet, belly); bacon
(back, streaky, gammon); veal (cushion, loin, cutlets, escalopes).
Local variations: as appropriate.
Preparation methods
Meat: skinning (eg best ends of lamb, shoulder of lamb), trimming (eg
bones, fat and removal of connective tissue/elastin), slicing (eg stir fries),
dicing (eg pies, pasties, stews, sautés), mincing (eg bitocks, forcemeats),
stuffing (eg shoulder of lamb), tying/securing (eg beef olives).
Poultry: skinning (eg breast chicken/duck), trimming (eg bones/fat/sinus),
boning legs of poultry, slicing, (eg stir fry), dicing (eg pies), mincing (eg
forcemeats), stuffing neck cavities, trussing.
Offal: skinning (eg liver, kidneys, oxtail), boning (eg tongue, trotters, desegmenting oxtail), trimming (eg fat, gristle, tubes, remove bile), slicing,
dicing (eg pies, suet puddings), grinding (eg fine pâtés), mincing (eg
pâtés, faggots), stuffing (eg hearts, kidneys), tying/securing (eg hearts,
kidneys).
Cooking methods
Meat:
 Dry: roasting (eg best ends of lamb, rolled and stuffed breast of
pork), grilling (eg pork chops, rib eye steaks, kebabs), shallow
frying (eg stir fried beef, pork escalopes, lamb medallions), deep
frying (eg croquettes, tempuras, samosas), baking (eg pies,
savoury pastries).
 Wet: boiling (fresh and salted – eg silverside of beef, hocks of
bacon), cooking bones (eg stocks), poaching (eg fillet of beef),
steaming (eg terrines), stewing (eg navarins, ragoûts,
blanquettes, fricassées, curries, chilli con carne), braising (eg
beef olives, carbonades, hot pots, casseroles combination
(hams).
Poultry:
 Dry: roasting (eg whole poultry), grilling (eg flatten chicken,
kebabs), shallow frying (eg escalopes, suprêmes (pâné), chicken
sauté), deep frying (eg southern fried, croquettes), baking (eg
chicken and ham pies).
 Wet: poaching (eg chicken suprêmes), stewing (eg fricassees,
curries), braising (eg duck legs).
Offal:
 Dry: grilling (eg kebabs - lambs liver, lambs kidneys), shallow
frying (eg kidneys, liver, veal liver), baking (eg steak and kidney
pies, pasties, pâtés), use of Bain Marie.
 Wet: boiling (eg tongue, tripe), poaching, steaming (eg steak and
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
kidney puddings, terrines); braising (eg casseroles - hearts, oxtail,
ox liver, ox tongue).
Flavourings
Herbs, seasonings, spices, vegetables, fruits, nuts, mixed spice pastes,
purées, marinades (wines, vinegars, oils, herbs, spices/yoghurt, lemon
juice, herbs, spices/soy sauce based).
Preservation methods
Chilling, freezing, vacuum packing, salting, canning, pickling, smoking,
drying.
Storage procedures
Temperature (fresh/frozen), date, labelling, covered, position in the
fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish meat, poultry and offal
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment required that are clean and fit for
purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for meat, poultry and offal dishes
being prepared
2.3 select meat, poultry and offal that is of the correct quality and
quantity for recipe
2.4 prepare meat, poultry and offal using appropriate methods
according to dish requirements
2.5 cook meat, poultry and offal using appropriate methods
monitoring quality points and making adjustments as required
2.6 finish meat, poultry and offal using appropriate method to recipe
requirements
2.7 store meat, poultry and offal not for immediate use
2.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.9 plan work and estimate time realistically for all procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives, boards, trays, bowls, pans, trays, spatulas, whisks, strainer,
tongs, spoon ladles, knives, Bain Marie, stoves, grills (over and under
fired), ovens, fryer, hot plates, cold and frozen storage.
Meat
Red meat (beef, lamb), white meat (veal, pork), local varieties.
Poultry
Chicken, turkey, guinea fowl, duck, goose, local varieties.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
39
Offal
Liver, kidneys, other (eg tongue, tail, sweetbreads, heart), local varieties.
Quality points
Meat: compaction, texture, smell, colour, marbling, fat, bone, age.
Poultry: aroma, freshness, type, damage, colour, temperature, texture,
water content, compaction.
Offal: texture, smell, colour, fat, bone if applicable.
Preparation methods
Meat: skinning (eg best ends of lamb, shoulder of lamb), trimming (eg
bones, fat and removal of connective tissue/elastin), slicing (eg stir fries),
dicing (eg pies, pasties, stews, sautés), mincing (eg forcemeats), stuffing
(eg shoulder of lamb), tying/securing (eg beef olives).
Poultry: skinning (eg breast chicken/duck), trimming (eg bones/fat/sinus),
boning legs of poultry, slicing, (eg stir fry), dicing (eg pies), mincing (eg
forcemeats), stuffing neck cavities, trussing.
Offal: skinning (eg liver, kidneys, oxtail), boning (eg tongue, trotters, desegmenting oxtail), trimming (eg fat, gristle, tubes, remove bile), slicing,
dicing (eg pies, suet puddings), grinding (eg fine pâtés), mincing (eg
pâtés, faggots), stuffing (eg hearts, kidneys), tying/securing (eg hearts,
kidneys).
Cooking methods
Meat:
 Dry: roasting (eg best ends of lamb, rolled and stuffed breast of
pork), grilling (eg pork chops, rib eye steaks, kebabs), shallow
frying (eg stir fried beef, pork escalopes, lamb medallions), deep
frying (eg croquettes, tempuras, samosas), baking (eg pies,
savoury pastries).
 Wet: boiling (fresh and salted – eg silverside of beef, hocks of
bacon), cooking bones (eg stocks), poaching (eg fillet of beef),
steaming (eg terrines), stewing (eg navarins, ragoûts,
blanquettes, fricassées, curries, chilli con carne), braising (eg
beef olives, carbonades, hot pots, casseroles combination
(hams).
Poultry:
 Dry: roasting (eg whole poultry), grilling (eg flatten chicken,
kebabs), shallow frying (eg escalopes, suprêmes (pané), chicken
sauté), deep frying (eg southern fried, croquettes), baking (eg
chicken and ham pies).
 Wet: poaching (eg chicken suprêmes), stewing (eg fricassees,
curries), braising (eg duck legs).
Offal:
 Dry: grilling (eg kebabs - lambs liver, lambs kidneys), shallow
frying (eg kidneys, liver, veal liver), baking (eg steak and kidney
pies, pasties, pâtés), use of Bain Marie.
 Wet: boiling (eg tongue, tripe), poaching, steaming (eg steak and
kidney puddings, terrines); braising (eg casseroles - hearts, oxtail,
ox liver, ox tongue).
Finish
Skim, adjust (seasoning, consistency), texture, temperature, garnish.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Store
Temperature (fresh/frozen), date, labelling, covered, position in the
fridge, stock rotation.
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41
Unit 210
Prepare, cook and finish
vegetables, fruit and pulses
UAN:
K/503/7854
Level:
Level 2
GLH
50
NLH
70
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to enable the learner to develop the
necessary skills, knowledge and understanding of the
principles involved in preparing and cooking vegetables, fruit
and pulses to produce dishes at a professional level.
Emphasis is placed on the development, practice and
acquisition of practical skills and theoretical knowledge
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish vegetable, fruit and
pulse dishes
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify different types of vegetables, fruit and pulses
1.2 describe the quality points of vegetables, fruit and pulses
1.3 identify different cuts used in the preparation of fruit and
vegetables
1.4 list different preparation methods for vegetables, fruit and
pulses
1.5 list different cooking methods for vegetables, fruit and pulses
1.6 describe different types of flavourings used for cooking
vegetables, fruit and pulses
1.7 describe different preservation methods for vegetables, fruit
and pulses
1.8 state the correct storage procedures for prepared vegetables,
fruit and pulses.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Range
Vegetables
Root, bulb, tuber, leaf, brassica, pods (fresh, dried – pulses), seed, nuts,
vegetable fruit, stems/shoots, flower, fungi, vegetable protein (eg soya,
tofu, tempeh), seaweed, sea vegetable.
Fruit
Soft, hard, stoned, tropical.
Pulses
Beans, peas, lentils.
Quality points
Clean, undamaged, mould free, firm and crisp, good colour, size/shape,
age and tenderness.
Cuts
Jardiniere, Macedoine, Julienne, Mirepoix, Paysanne, Brunoise.
Preparation methods
Vegetables and fruit: washing, re-washing, peeling, trimming, scraping,
shaping, dicing, slicing, cutting, chopping, grating, crushing, scoring,
shredding, de-seeding, stuffing, layering, mixing, blanching, soaking,
seasoning, piping, shaping, marinating, tying and portioning, flavouring.
Pulses: picking out (eg stones), washing, re-washing, soaking, boiling,
draining, cooking, frying, flavouring.
Cooking methods
Dry: roasting, grilling, frying (deep, shallow, stir fry).
Wet: boiling, steaming, stewing, braising.
Flavourings
Herbs, seasonings, spices, nuts, mixed spice pastes, purées, marinades
(wines, vinegars, oils, herbs, spices/yoghurt, lemon juice, herbs,
spices/soy sauce based), fruit syrups.
Preservation methods
Pickling, canning, freezing, chilling, vacuum packing, drying, candying.
Storage procedures
Temperature, date, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock
rotation.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
43
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish vegetable, fruit and pulse dishes
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment required that are clean and fit for
purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for vegetable, fruit and pulse
dishes being prepared
2.3 select vegetables, fruit and pulses that are of the correct
quality and quantity for recipe
2.4 prepare vegetables, fruit and pulses using appropriate methods
according to dish requirements
2.5 cook vegetables, fruit and pulses using appropriate methods
monitoring quality points and making adjustments as required
2.6 finish vegetables, fruit and pulses using appropriate method to
recipe requirements
2.7 store vegetables, fruit and pulses not for immediate use
2.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.9 plan work and estimate time realistically for all procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives/cutting equipment, boards, trays, bowls, graters, mandolin,
fryers, pots, sauce pans, braising pots, utensils.
Ingredients
Vegetables: stuffings/duxelles, rice, nuts, fruit, herbs, spices, oils,
coatings (milk flour/flour egg breadcrumb batters), wrappings (eg filo
pastry).
Fruit: syrups/stocks (wine, water, syrup), wrappings (eg filo pastry)
Pulses: fats (oil, ghee) spices, herbs, stock, sauces, vegetables, meat.
Vegetables
Root, bulb, tuber, leaf, brassica, pods (fresh, dried – pulses), seed, nuts,
vegetable fruit, stems/shoots, flower, fungi, vegetable protein (eg soya,
tofu, tempeh), seaweed, sea vegetable.
Fruit
Soft, hard, stoned, tropical.
Pulses
Beans, peas, lentils.
Quality points
Clean, undamaged, mould free, firm and crisp, good colour, size/shape,
age and tenderness.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Preparation methods
Vegetables and fruit: washing, re-washing, peeling, trimming, scraping,
shaping, dicing, slicing, cutting, chopping, grating, crushing, scoring,
shredding, de-seeding, stuffing, layering, mixing, blanching, soaking,
seasoning, piping, shaping, marinating, tying and portioning, flavouring
Pulses: picking out (eg stones), washing, re-washing, soaking, boiling,
draining, cooking, frying, flavouring.
Cooking methods
Dry: roasting, grilling, frying (deep, shallow, stir fry).
Wet: boiling, steaming, stewing, braising.
Finishing methods
Adjust (seasoning, consistency), gratinate, glaze, temperature, garnish.
Store
Temperature, date, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock
rotation.
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45
Unit 211
Prepare, cook and finish rice,
grain, farinaceous products
and egg dishes
UAN:
M/503/7855
Level:
Level 2
GLH
20
NLH
30
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to enable the learners to develop the
necessary skills, knowledge and understanding of the
principles involved in preparing and cooking rice, grains,
farinaceous products and egg dishes at a professional level.
Emphasis is placed on the development, practice and
acquisition of practical skills and theoretical knowledge.
Throughout this unit learners will be expected to
demonstrate safe and hygienic working practices.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish rice
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 describe different types of rice and their use
1.2 list different preparation methods for rice
1.3 list different cooking methods for rice
1.4 state the correct storage procedures for prepared rice dishes.
Range
Rice
Long grain (brown and white, Basmati, wild rice), short grain (eg Arborio,
Carnaroli), glutinous rice (white and black).
Preparation methods
Picking, washing, soaking, rewashing, sweating, coating, boiling,
straining, chilling, mixing, rolling, cutting, stuffing (eg Sushi).
Cooking methods
Boiling, steaming, braising, stewing, frying (stir, shallow, deep),
gratinating.
Storage procedures
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish rice
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for rice dish being prepared
2.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
2.4 prepare rice using appropriate methods according to dish
requirements
2.5 cook rice using appropriate methods monitoring quality points
and making adjustments as required
2.6 finish rice dishes using appropriate methods to recipe
requirements
2.7 store rice dishes not for immediate use
2.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.9 plan work, estimate time, and cost dishes realistically for all
procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives, boards, utensils, trays, bowls, pans, trays, stoves, ovens, fryers,
woks, hot plates, fridges and freezers.
Ingredients
Herbs, spices, sauces, flavourings, vegetables, meat, poultry, fish,
shellfish, eggs, vegetable proteins, fruits, dairy products, nuts, seeds.
Rice
Long grain (brown and white, Basmati, wild rice), short grain (eg Arborio,
Carnaroli), glutinous rice (white and black).
Prepare
Picking, washing, soaking, rewashing, sweating, coating, boiling,
straining, chilling, mixing, rolling, cutting, stuffing (eg Sushi).
Cook
Boiling, steaming, braising, stewing, frying (stir, shallow, deep),
gratinating.
Quality points
Texture, moisture.
Finish
Adjusting (seasoning, consistency), shaping, moulding, de moulding,
portioning, garnishing.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
47
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3 understand how to prepare, cook and finish grains
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 describe different types of grains and their uses
3.2 list different preparation methods for grains
3.3 list different cooking methods for grains
3.4 state the correct storage procedures for prepared grain dishes.
Range
Grains
Barley, wheat (semolina, cous cous, cracked wheat, bulgur), buckwheat,
quinoa, oats, millet, rye, corn/maize.
Preparation methods
Washing, rewashing, soaking, mixing, chilling, saucing, grinding,
seasoning.
Cooking methods
Boiling, baking, braising, stewing, frying (stir, shallow, deep), gratinating.
Storage procedures
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4 be able to prepare, cook and finish grains
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
4.2 select appropriate ingredients for grain dish being prepared
4.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
4.4 prepare grains using appropriate methods according to dish
requirements
4.5 cook grains using appropriate methods monitoring quality points
and making adjustments as required
4.6 finish grain dishes using appropriate methods to recipe
requirements
4.7 store grain dishes not for immediate use
4.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards during
practical
4.9 plan work, estimate time and cost dishes realistically for all
procedures.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Range
Tools and equipment
Knives, boards, utensils, trays, bowls, pans, trays, stoves, ovens, fryer,
wok, hot plates, fridges and freezers.
Ingredients
Sauces (eg béchamel, veloûtés, jus-lie derivatives, meat, tomato, pesto),
vegetables, meat, dairy products, herbs, spices.
Grains
Barley, wheat (semolina, cous cous, cracked wheat, bulgur), buckwheat,
quinoa, oats, millet, rye, corn/maize.
Prepare
Washing, rewashing, soaking, mixing, chilling, saucing, grinding,
seasoning.
Cook
Boiling, baking, braising, stewing, frying (stir, shallow, deep), gratinating.
Quality points
Texture, moisture.
Finish
Adjusting (seasoning, consistency), shaping, moulding, de moulding,
portioning, garnishing.
Store
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
5 understand how to prepare, cook and finish farinaceous products
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
5.1 describe different types of farinaceous products and their use
5.2 list different preparation methods for farinaceous products
5.3 list different cooking methods for farinaceous products
5.4 state the correct storage procedures for farinaceous products.
Range
Types of farinaceous products
Pasta (fresh, dried, filled, stuffed, varied shapes (eg Rigatoni, Cannelloni,
Spaghetti, Linguini, Twists or Rotini, Farfelle, Vermicelli, Penne, Orzo),
gnocchi, blini, tortilla, dumplings, noodles, pancakes.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
49
Preparation methods
Mixing, rolling, cutting, stuffing, filling, combining ingredients, straining,
refreshing, chilling.
Cooking methods
Boiling, baking, frying, steaming, poaching, gratinating.
Finishing methods
Adjusting (seasoning, consistency), shaping, moulding, de moulding,
portioning, garnishing.
Storage procedures
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
6 be able to prepare, cook and finish farinaceous products
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
6.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
6.2 select appropriate ingredients for farinaceous products being
prepared
6.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
6.4 prepare farinaceous products using appropriate methods
according to dish requirements
6.5 cook farinaceous products using appropriate methods monitoring
quality points and making adjustments as required
6.6 finish farinaceous products using appropriate methods to recipe
requirements
6.7 store farinaceous products not for immediate use
6.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
6.9 plan work, estimate time and cost dishes realistically for all
procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Rolling pin, pasta machine, cutters, moulds, knives, strainers, pans,
utensils, graters, mixing machines, blenders, stoves, ovens, grills, fridges
and freezers, pastry brushes.
Ingredients
Sauces (eg béchamel, veloûtés, jus-lie derivatives, meat, tomato, pesto)
vegetables, meat, dairy products, herbs and spices.
Farinaceous products
Pasta (fresh, dried, filled, stuffed, varied shapes (eg Rigatoni, Cannelloni,
Spaghetti, Linguini, Twists or Rotini, Farfelle, Vermicelli, Penne, Orzo),
gnocchi, blini, tortilla, dumplings, noodles, pancakes.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Prepare
Mixing, rolling, cutting, stuffing, filling, combining ingredients, straining,
refreshing, chilling.
Cook
Boiling, baking, frying, steaming, poaching, gratinating.
Quality points
Texture, al dente.
Finish
Adjusting (seasoning, consistency), shaping, moulding, de moulding,
portioning, garnishing.
Store
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
7 understand how to prepare, cook and finish egg dishes
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
7.1 list different types of eggs
7.2 describe the different ways that eggs are produced
7.3 list a range of egg dishes
7.4 list different preparation methods for egg dishes
7.5 list different cooking methods for egg dishes
7.6 describe the preservation methods for eggs
7.7 state the correct storage procedures for prepared egg dishes.
Range
Types of eggs
Chicken, quail, duck, turkey, ostrich.
Ways that eggs are produced
Laying cages, barns, free range systems, organic system.
Egg dishes
Boiled, poached, fried, omelette (frittata, tortilla, sweet), scrambled,
steamed, savoury soufflé.
Preparation methods
Mixing, whisking, combining ingredients, seasoning.
Cooking methods
Boiling, poaching, frying (shallow, deep, stir fry), scrambling, baking,
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
51
griddling, steaming.
Preservation methods
Pasteurising, drying, freezing, pickling.
Storage procedures
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
8 be able to prepare, cook and finish egg dishes
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
8.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
8.2 select appropriate ingredients for egg dish being prepared
8.3 select ingredients that are of the correct quality and quantity for
recipe
8.4 prepare egg dishes using appropriate methods according to dish
requirements
8.5 cook egg dishes using appropriate methods monitoring quality
points and making adjustments as required
8.6 finish egg dishes using appropriate methods to recipe
requirements
8.7 store egg dishes not for immediate use
8.8 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
8.9 plan work, estimate time and cost dishes realistically for all
procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Pans, utensils, stove, oven grill, griddles, deep fryers, steamers, knives,
boards, trays, bowls, woks, hot plates, fridges and freezers.
Ingredients
Fish, meat, dairy products, vegetables, breadcrumbs, sauces, dry
ingredients, herbs, spices.
Prepare:
Mixing, whisking, combining ingredients, seasoning.
Egg dishes:
Boiled, poached, fried, omelette (frittata, tortilla, sweet), scrambled,
steamed, savoury soufflé.
Cook
Boiling, poaching, frying (shallow, deep, stir fry), scrambling, baking,
griddling, steaming.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Quality points
Texture according to dish requirements.
Finish
Adjusting (seasoning, consistency), shelling (boiled eggs), shaping,
moulding, de moulding, trimming, portioning, garnishing, adding sauce.
Store
Temperature, labelling, covering, position in the fridge, stock rotation.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
53
Unit 212
Prepare, cook and finish
bakery products
UAN:
T/503/7856
Level:
Level 2
GLH
60
NLH
80
Aim:
This unit provides the opportunity for learners to develop
their knowledge, understanding and skills to prepare, cook
and finish bakery products for service.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish bakery products
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify different types of bakery products
1.2 describe the quality points of bakery products
1.3 describe different types of flour and their uses
1.4 list a range of fillings for bakery products
1.5 state the correct storage procedures for bakery products
1.6 describe the different methods used to produce bakery products
1.7 identify common faults related to bakery products.
Range
Bakery products
Bread: loaves, rolls, pizzas, simple and enriched dough for sweet and
savoury bread, unleavened.
Pastry: short crust, sweet pastry, choux pastry, local pastry, puff pastry
Pastry products: flans, tarts, tartlets, pies, crumbles, cobblers.
Sponges and cakes: eg Genoese sponge, Victoria sponge, Swiss roll,
fruit, speciality small cakes, cup cakes, scones.
Petit fours (eg langue de chat, sablé), biscuits, shortbread.
Quality points
Texture, temperature, colour, consistency, freshness.
Types of flour
Strong white, medium, soft, wholemeal, semolina, speciality flours.
Fillings
Sweet: crêmè pâtissier, frangipane, fresh fruit, cream, butter cream, jam.
Savoury: eggs, cheese, meat, yogurt, fish, shellfish, vegetables, herbs,
fruit, spices.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Storage procedures
Temperature, labelling, covered, position in the fridge, freezing, stock
rotation.
Faults
Recipe imbalance, incorrect ingredients, over/under mixing, incorrect
oven temperature, over/under cooking.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish bakery products
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for bakery products being
prepared
2.3 select ingredients for bakery products that are of the correct
quality and quantity for recipe
2.4 prepare and bake products using appropriate methods
2.5 finish bakery products using appropriate methods to recipe
requirements
2.6 store bakery products not for immediate use
2.7 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.8 plan work, estimate time and cost dishes realistically for all
procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Bowls, scales, whisks, rolling pin, spoons( metal/wooden/plastic,
spatulas), baking trays (silicone sheets, non stick baking liners), cooling
racks, piping bags nozzles, knives including palette knife, peelers,
boards, mixing machines, food processors, liquidiser/ blenders, cake tins
(brioche, savarin, Gügelhopf tin, fluted tart tin, flan ring, patty tins,
sandwich tin), graters, oven gloves, dough scraper, measuring jugs,
sieves, cutters, oven.
Ingredients
Flour (strong white, medium, soft, wholemeal, semolina, speciality
flours), fat (butter, margarine, oil, ghee, lard), sugar (caster sugar, icing
sugar, granulated sugar, syrups, honey), fruit (fresh/dried/
candied/glace), chocolate, cocoa, yeast, dairy products (eggs, milk,
yogurt, cream, cheese), spices, herbs, seed, nuts, water, chemical
leaveners eg Bicarbonate of soda, salt, fillings/stuffings ( meat,
vegetables, fish, shellfish), convenience pastry (eg filo) chocolate( dark,
milk, white), flavourings (eg rose water, coffee, orange flower water,
essences, extracts), jams, oats.
Bakery products
Bread: loaves, rolls, pizzas, simple and enriched dough for sweet and
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
55
savoury bread, unleavened.
Pastry: short crust, sweet pastry, choux pastry, local pastry, puff pastry.
Pastry products: flans, tarts, tartlets, pies, crumbles, cobblers.
Sponges and cakes: eg Genoese sponge, Victoria sponge, Swiss roll,
fruit, speciality small cakes, cup cakes, scones.
Petit fours (eg langue de chat, sablé), biscuits, shortbread.
Preparation methods
Weighing, mixing, cutting, sifting, rubbing in, stirring, whisking, whipping,
folding, kneading, shaping, rolling, spreading, greasing, lining (rings, tins,
baking sheets), cooling, piping, portioning, resting, creaming, boiling,
aeration, baking.
Finishing methods
Glazing, dusting, portioning, icing, piping, filling, rolling, smoothing.
Store
Temperature, labelling, covered, position in fridge or freezer, stock
rotation.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Unit 213
Prepare, cook and finish hot
and cold desserts and
puddings
UAN:
A/503/7857
Level:
Level 2
GLH
24
NLH
35
Aim:
This unit covers the preparation, cooking and finishing of hot
and cold desserts and puddings for service.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand how to prepare, cook and finish hot and cold desserts
and puddings
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 identify different types of hot and cold desserts and puddings
1.2 describe the quality points of hot and cold desserts and puddings
1.3 list different preparation methods for hot and cold desserts and
puddings
1.4 list different cooking methods for hot and cold desserts and
puddings
1.5 list different finishing and decorating methods for hot and cold
desserts and puddings
1.6 state the correct storage procedures for prepared hot and cold
desserts and puddings.
Range
Cold dessert
Meringues, soufflés (cold), egg based cold desserts, gelatine set
desserts, ice cream, sorbets, fruit based desserts, mousses.
Hot desserts and puddings
Sponge based, fruit based, batter based, egg based, milk puddings,
soufflés (hot).
Quality points
Texture, temperature, colour, consistency, freshness.
Preparation methods
Weighing, measuring, mixing, cutting, sifting, rubbing in, stirring,
whisking, whipping, folding, spreading, greasing, lining (rings, tins,
baking sheets),cooling piping portioning, creaming, boiling, aeration,
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
57
moulding.
Cooking methods
Boiling, poaching, steaming, baking, Bain Marie, stewing, frying,
combination cookery.
Finishing and decorating methods
Cold desserts: piping, saucing, piped motifs, run outs, cigarettes, cut
outs, moulding.
Hot desserts and puddings: piping, filling, saucing, glazing, dusting,
portioning, decorative toppings (chocolate, fruit, biscuits, sugar).
Sauces: Flavoured syrups, crème anglaise, fruit coulis, chocolate, cooked
fruit sauces.
Storage procedures
Temperature, date, labelling, covered, position in the fridge, stock
rotation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 be able to prepare, cook and finish hot and cold desserts and
puddings
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 select tools and equipment that are clean and fit for purpose
2.2 select appropriate ingredients for hot and cold desserts and
puddings being prepared
2.3 select ingredients for hot and cold desserts and puddings that
are of the correct quality and quantity for recipe
2.4 prepare hot and cold desserts and puddings using appropriate
methods according to dish requirements
2.5 cook hot and cold desserts and puddings using appropriate
methods monitoring quality points and making adjustments as
required
2.6 finish and decorate hot and cold desserts and puddings using
appropriate methods to recipe requirements
2.7 check the quality of the finished hot and cold desserts and
puddings before service
2.8 store hot and cold desserts and puddings not for immediate use
2.9 comply with personal hygiene and safety standards
2.10 plan work, estimate time and cost dishes realistically for all
procedures.
Range
Tools and equipment
Bowls, scales, whisks, rolling pin, spoons (metal/wooden/plastic,
spatulas), baking trays (silicone sheets non stick baking liners), cooling
racks, piping bags nozzles, knives including palette knife, peelers,
boards, mixing machines, food processors, liquidiser/ blenders, cake tins
(tart tin, flan ring, patty tins, sandwich tin), graters, oven, oven gloves,
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
measuring jugs, sieves, ice cream machines, moulds, deep fat fryers,
crepe pans, steamers, salamanders, refrigerators, freezers.
Ingredients
Flour ( soft, buckwheat ,semolina, speciality flours) ,fat (butter,
margarine, oil), sugar ( caster sugar, icing sugar, granulated sugar,
treacle, syrups, honey), fruit (fresh/dried/ candied/glacé), cocoa, dairy
products (eggs, milk, yogurt, cream, cheese), spices, seed, nuts, water,
chemical leaveners (eg. Bicarbonate of soda), salt, fillings, chocolate (
dark, milk, white), flavourings ( rose water, coffee, orange flower water),
essences/ extracts, jams.
Cold desserts
Meringues, soufflés (cold), egg based cold desserts, gelatine set
desserts, ice cream sorbet, fruit based desserts, mousse.
Hot desserts and puddings
Sponge based, fruit based, batter based, egg based, milk puddings,
soufflé (hot).
Preparation methods
Weighing/ measuring, mixing, cutting, sifting, rubbing in, stirring,
whisking, whipping, folding, spreading, greasing, lining (rings, tins,
baking sheets),cooling piping portioning, creaming, boiling, aeration,
moulding.
Cooking methods
Boiling, poaching, steaming, baking, Bain Marie, stewing, frying
combination cookery.
Finishing and decorating methods
Cold desserts: piping, saucing, piped motifs, run outs, cigarettes, cut
outs, moulding.
Hot desserts and puddings: piping, filling, saucing, glazing, dusting,
portioning, decorative toppings (chocolate, fruit, biscuits, sugar).
Sauces: flavoured syrups, crème anglaise, fruit coulis, chocolate, cooked
fruit sauces.
Quality
Texture, temperature, colour, consistency, freshness.
Store
Temperature, date, labelling, covered, position in the fridge, stock
rotation.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
59
Unit 219
Catering operations, costs and
menu planning
UAN:
F/503/7858
Level:
Level 2
GLH
40
NLH
50
Aim:
The aim of this unit is to provide an insight into catering
operations and menu planning and to equip the candidate
with the necessary skills to understand and calculate the
costs involved in running a catering operation.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
1 understand the organisation of kitchens
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
1.1 describe the structure of a ‘partie system’
1.2 identify current trends in food production operations
1.3 explain the importance of kitchen layout to promote good work
flow in relation to food production systems
1.4 describe the importance of correct work flow in catering
operations
1.5 outline the staffing hierarchy in a traditional kitchen
1.6 describe the responsibilities of specific job roles in a
traditional kitchen organisation.
Range
Current trends
Technological changes, social changes, speed of service, food
technology developments (eg cook/freeze).
Importance of kitchen layout
To comply with legislation (health and safety, food safety), efficiency
(time and motion).
Food production systems
Fast food production system, á la carte menu partie system, self service
counter system.
Importance of correct work flow
To establish communication between departments, to improve
efficiency, better quality of finished products, reduce risk of accidents, to
promote good health and safety and food safety practice, to provide a
better service to the customer.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Catering operations
Hotels, restaurants, hospitals, industrial catering, school meals.
Staffing hierarchy
Kitchen brigade (executive chef, executive sous chef, head chef, sous
chef, chef de partie, demi-chef de partie, commis, trainee.
Responsibilities of specific job roles
Chef de partie & commis chef (responsible for setting tasks in
accordance with standard operating procedures); sous chef (supervision
of staff and tasks, supervision of food safety and health and safety
practices, quality control, deputising in the absence of the head chef);
head chef (management of staff, implementation of food safety and
health and safety legislation and practices, menu planning, costing,
ordering stock, staff rota, staff training).
Learning outcome
The learner will:
2 understand how to plan and prepare menus for catering operations
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
2.1 describe menus for different types of meal occasion
2.2 interpret menus for food production
2.3 explain the importance of the menu for food production and
food service
2.4 discuss the factors to be considered in the planning of menus
2.5 identify the technical terminology used in menu planning.
Range
Meal occasion
Afternoon tea, table d’hôte, à la carte, dessert menus, function menus,
speciality menus, ethnic menus, traditional menus, lunch/dinner menus.
Importance of the menu
Means of communication between the customer and a caterer, planning
tool (a blueprint for a catering organisation), local legal requirements.
Factors to be considered
Type of customers, price being charged, availability of food commodities,
equipment available, staff availability, space available, type of
organisation, season.
Technical terminology
Table d’ hôte, à la carte, hors d’oeuvres, potage, entrée, releve, fromage,
farinaceous.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
61
Learning outcome
The learner will:
3 understand basic costs associated with the catering industry
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
3.1 explain the importance of food costs within catering
operations
3.2 describe the factors which must be monitored to control food
costs and profit
3.3 calculate costs and quantities relevant to simple activities in
catering operations
3.4 display the basic numeracy skills using calculator and manual
methods
3.5 calculate percentages to achieve a set gross profit.
Range
Importance of food costs
Maintain gross profit percentage, achieve the set net profit required.
Catering operations
Hotels, restaurants, hospitals, industrial catering, school meals.
Factors which must be monitored
Sourcing and purchasing food commodities, quality of food
commodities, control of food commodities, accurate weighing and
measuring, preparation and cooking losses, wastage control.
Catering operations
Hotels, restaurants, hospitals, industrial catering, school meals.
Basic numeracy skills
Addition, subtraction, multiplication, division.
Learning outcome
The learner will:
4 understand how to apply basic calculations used in catering
operations
Assessment criteria
The learner can:
4.1 describe the elements of cost associated with catering
operations
4.2 explain the terms ‘gross profit’ and ‘net profit’
4.3 discuss factors to be considered to ensure that the agreed net
profit is achieved
4.4 calculate the food cost of dishes and determine the food cost per
portion of dishes
4.5 determine the selling price of different types of dish and menu
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
at specific percentages of gross and net profit.
Range
Elements of cost
Food, labour, overheads (gas, electricity, rates, servicing, advertising).
Catering operations
Hotels, restaurants, hospitals, industrial catering, school meals.
Factors to be considered
Food costs (purchasing, storage, preparation, cooking and service),
labour costs (direct and indirect), overhead costs (services, maintenance,
repairs and sundry expenses).
Types of dish
Starters and soups, meat and poultry dishes, egg and fish dishes, pasta
and vegetable dishes, desserts and savoury dishes.
Types of menus
Breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner.
City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
63
Unit 221
Culinary Arts Principles
This synoptic test covers the assessment of the underpinning knowledge
in the following units:
105 Prepare food for cold presentation
202 Safety at work
206 Healthier foods and special diets
207 Prepare, cook and finish stocks, soups and sauces
208 Prepare, cook and finish fish and shellfish dishes
209 Prepare, cook and finish meat, poultry and offal
210 Prepare, cook and finish vegetables, fruit and pulses
211 Prepare, cook and finish rice, grain, farinaceous products and egg
dishes
212 Prepare, cook and finish bakery products
213 Prepare, cook and finish hot and cold desserts and puddings
219 Catering operations, costs and menu planning
Full details can be found in the Assessment Pack on the website.
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City & Guilds Level 2 Diploma in Food Preparation and Cooking (Culinary Arts) 8065-02
Appendix 1
Sources of general
information
Centre Guide – Delivering International Qualifications contains
detailed information about the processes which must be followed and
requirements which must be met for a centre to achieve ‘approved
centre’ status, or to offer a particular qualification. Specifically, the
document includes sections on:
 The centre and qualification approval process and forms
 Assessment, verification and examination roles at the centre
 Registration and certification of candidates
 Non-compliance
 Complaints and appeals
 Equal opportunities
 Data protection
 Frequently asked questions.
The following documents contain essential information for centres
delivering City & Guilds qualifications. They should be referred to in
conjunction with this handbook. To download the documents and to find
other useful documents, go to the Centres and Training Providers
homepage on www.cityandguilds.com.
Centre Manual - Supporting Customer Excellence contains detailed
information about the processes which must be followed and
requirements which must be met for a centre to achieve ‘approved
centre’ status, or to offer a particular qualification, as well as updates and
good practice exemplars for City & Guilds assessment and policy issues.
Specifically, the document includes sections on:
 The centre and qualification approval process
 Assessment, internal quality assurance and examination roles at the
centre
 Registration and certification of candidates
 Non-compliance
 Complaints and appeals
 Equal opportunities
 Data protection
 Management systems
 Maintaining records
 Assessment
 Internal quality assurance
 External quality assurance.
Our Quality Assurance Requirements encompasses all of the relevant
requirements of key regulatory documents such as:
 Regulatory Arrangements for the Qualifications and Credit Framework
(2008)
 SQA Awarding Body Criteria (2007)
 NVQ Code of Practice (2006)
and sets out the criteria that centres should adhere to pre and post centre
and qualification approval.
Access to Assessment & Qualifications provides full details of the
arrangements that may be made to facilitate access to assessments and
qualifications for candidates who are eligible for adjustments in
assessment.
The centre homepage section of the City & Guilds website also contains
useful information such on such things as:
 Walled Garden: how to register and certificate candidates on line
 Events: dates and information on the latest Centre events
 Online assessment: how to register for e-volve assessments.
City & Guilds
Believe you can
www.cityandguilds.com
About City & Guilds
As the UK’s leading vocational education organisation, City &
Guilds is leading the talent revolution by inspiring people to
unlock their potential and develop their skills. We offer over 500
qualifications across 28 industries through 8500 centres
worldwide and award around two million certificates every year.
City & Guilds is recognised and respected by employers across
the world as a sign of quality and exceptional training.
City & Guilds Group
The City & Guilds Group operates from three major hubs:
London (servicing Europe, the Caribbean and Americas),
Johannesburg (servicing Africa), and Singapore (servicing Asia,
Australia and New Zealand). The Group also includes the
Institute of Leadership & Management (management and
leadership qualifications), City & Guilds Land Based Services
(land-based qualifications), the Centre for Skills Development
(CSD works to improve the policy and practice of vocational
education and training worldwide) and Learning Assistant (an
online e-portfolio).
Copyright
The content of this document is, unless otherwise indicated, ©
The City and Guilds of London Institute and may not be copied,
reproduced or distributed without prior written consent.
However, approved City & Guilds centres and candidates
studying for City & Guilds qualifications may photocopy this
document free of charge and/or include a PDF version of it on
centre intranets on the following conditions:

centre staff may copy the material only for the purpose of
teaching candidates working towards a City & Guilds
qualification, or for internal administration purposes

candidates may copy the material only for their own use
when working towards a City & Guilds qualification
The Standard Copying Conditions (see the City & Guilds website)
also apply.
Please note: National Occupational Standards are not © The City
and Guilds of London Institute. Please check the conditions upon
which they may be copied with the relevant Sector Skills Council.
Published by City & Guilds, a registered charity established to
promote education and training
City & Guilds
1 Giltspur Street
London EC1A 9DD
T +44 (0)844 543 0000
F +44 (0)20 7294 2413
www.cityandguilds.com
HB-02-8065
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