plumbing, heating and air-conditioning

plumbing, heating and air-conditioning
PLUMBING, HEATING AND
AIR-CONDITIONING
SIC CODE 1711
Sample Safety and Health Program
developed by the staff of the
University of South Florida Consultation Program.
For further information on safety programs developed by the University of South Florida’s Consultation Program, call
(866) 273-1105 or send an e-mail through the web site at http://publichealth.usf.edu/consult.
Material contained in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced, fully or partially, without
permission of the University of South Florida.
PREFACE
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
To The Employer:
The purpose of this safety and health program manual is to establish standards for industry-specific
safety and health programs for establishments covered under Standard Industrial Classification (SIC
code): 0000, Policy Directive. The Florida Division of Safety developed parts of this manual with
voluntary input from Florida employers, workers' compensation insurance carriers, labor
organizations, trade associations, and other industry leaders. The manual was revised and updated
by the University of South Florida’s Consultation Program Staff in January 2001.
This manual is intended to serve as the basis for an employer integrated safety and health
management program. The essential elements of this program include: top management's
commitment and involvement; the establishment and operation of safety committees; provisions for
safety and health training; first aid procedures; accident investigations; record keeping of injuries;
and workplace safety rules, policies, and procedures.
If this manual meets the needs of your establishment, it may be used exactly as written. If you have
previously established and are maintaining a safety program, you can continue to use your program
provided that the essential elements covered in this safety program are also addressed in your
program. Use of all or part of this manual does not relieve employers of their responsibility to
comply with other applicable federal laws.
It is intended that this manual be enhanced and continuously improved by the employer. The
employer to accommodate actual operations and work practices, provided that the original intent of
that section is not lost, may modify any section of this manual. For example, if a safety committee
meets weekly or quarterly instead of monthly, then Section II of the manual should be amended to
accommodate this practice. If there is a safety rule, policy, or procedure appropriate for the work or
work environment which has not been included, or if a rule included in Section VII is
inappropriately written, then a new safety rule, policy, or procedure should be added to improve the
manual. Likewise, if a specific rule in the Safety Rules, Policies, and Procedures section does not
apply because the equipment or work operation described is not used, then that specific rule should
be crossed out or deleted from the manual. If accidents occur, new safety rules should be developed
and incorporated in Section VII of this manual to prevent their recurrence.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section I - Management Commitment and Involvement
Policy Statement ................................................................................................................................ 1
Section II - Safety Committee
Safety Committee Organization........................................................................................................ 2
Responsibilities.................................................................................................................................. 2
Meetings............................................................................................................................................. 2
Safety Meeting Minutes .................................................................................................................... 3
Section III - Safety and Health Training
Safety and Health Orientation........................................................................................................... 4
Job-Specific Training ........................................................................................................................ 4
Periodic Retraining of Employees .................................................................................................... 4
Section IV - First Aid Procedures
Minor First Aid Treatment................................................................................................................ 5
Non-Emergency Medical Treatment ................................................................................................ 5
Emergency Medical Treatment......................................................................................................... 5
First Aid Training .............................................................................................................................. 5
First Aid Instructions......................................................................................................................... 6
Wounds........................................................................................................................................ 6
Broken Bones .............................................................................................................................. 6
Burns............................................................................................................................................ 6
Eye Injury .................................................................................................................................... 6
Neck and Spine Injury ................................................................................................................ 6
Heat Exhaustion .......................................................................................................................... 6
Section V - Accident Investigation
Accident Investigation Procedures ................................................................................................... 7
Accident Investigation Report Form ................................................................................................ 8
Instructions for Completing the Accident Investigation Report ..................................................... 9
Section VI - Record Keeping Procedures
Record Keeping Procedures............................................................................................................ 10
Section VII - Safety Rules, Policies, and Procedures
Safety Rules, Policies, and Procedures........................................................................................... 11
SECTION I.
MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT AND INVOLVEMENT
Policy Statement
The management of this organization is committed to providing employees with a safe and healthful
workplace. It is the policy of this organization that employees report unsafe conditions and do not
perform work tasks if the work is considered unsafe. Employees must report all accidents, injuries,
and unsafe conditions to their supervisors. No such report will result in retaliation, penalty, or other
disincentive.
Employee recommendations to improve safety and health conditions will be given thorough
consideration by our management team. Management will give top priority to and provide the
financial resources for the correction of unsafe conditions. Similarly, management will take
disciplinary action against an employee who willfully or repeatedly violates workplace safety rules.
This action may include verbal or written reprimands and may ultimately result in termination of
employment.
The primary responsibility for the coordination, implementation, and maintenance of our workplace
safety program has been assigned to:
Name:
Title:
Telephone:
Senior management will be actively involved with employees in establishing and maintaining an
effective safety program. Our safety program coordinator, myself, or other members of our
management team will participate with you or your department's employee representative in
ongoing safety and health program activities, which include:
•
•
•
Promoting safety committee participation;
Providing safety and health education and training; and
Reviewing and updating workplace safety rules.
This policy statement serves to express management's commitment to and involvement in providing
our employees a safe and healthful workplace. This workplace safety program will be incorporated
as the standard of practice for this organization. Compliance with the safety rules will be required
of all employees as a condition of employment.
_________________________________________
SIGNATURE OF CEO/PRESIDENT
_________________
DATE
1
SECTION II.
SAFETY COMMITTEE
Safety Committee Organization
A safety committee has been established as a management tool to recommend improvements to our
workplace safety program and to identify corrective measures needed to eliminate or control
recognized safety and health hazards. The safety committee employer representatives will not
exceed the amount of employee representatives.
Responsibilities
The safety committee will be responsible for assisting management in communicating procedures
for evaluating the effectiveness of control measures used to protect employees from safety and
health hazards in the workplace.
The safety committee will be responsible for assisting management in reviewing and updating
workplace safety rules based on accident investigation findings, any inspection findings, and
employee reports of unsafe conditions or work practices; and accepting and addressing anonymous
complaints and suggestions from employees.
The safety committee will be responsible for assisting management in updating the workplace
safety program by evaluating employee injury and accident records, identifying trends and patterns,
and formulating corrective measures to prevent recurrence.
The safety committee will be responsible for assisting management in evaluating employee accident
and illness prevention programs, and promoting safety and health awareness and co-worker
participation through continuous improvements to the workplace safety program.
Safety committee members will participate in safety training and be responsible for assisting
management in monitoring workplace safety education and training to ensure that it is in place, that
it is effective, and that it is documented.
Management will provide written responses to safety committee written recommendations.
Meetings
Safety committee meetings are held quarterly and more often if needed and each committee
member will be compensated at his or her hourly wage when engaged in safety committee
activities.
Management will post the minutes of each meeting (see page) in a conspicuous place and the
minutes will be available to all employees.
All safety committee records will be maintained for not less than three calendar years.
2
SAFETY COMMITTEE MINUTES
Date of Committee Meeting: _________________
Time:
Minutes Prepared by:
Location:
Members in Attendance:
Name
Name
Previous Action Items:
Review of Accidents Since Previous Meeting:
Recommendations for Prevention:
Recommendations From Anonymous Employees:
Suggestions From Employees:
Recommended Updates to Safety Program:
Recommendations From Accident Investigation Reports:
Safety Training Recommendations:
Comments:
3
Name
SECTION III.
SAFETY AND HEALTH TRAINING
Safety and Health Orientation
Workplace safety and health orientation begins on the first day of initial employment or job
transfer. Each employee has access to a copy of this safety manual, through his or her supervisor,
for review and future reference, and will be given a personal copy of the safety rules, policies, and
procedures pertaining to his or her job. Supervisors will ask questions of employees and answer
employees' questions to ensure knowledge and understanding of safety rules, policies, and jobspecific procedures described in our workplace safety program manual. Their supervisors will
instruct all employees that compliance with the safety rules described in the workplace safety
manual is required.
Job-Specific Training
• Supervisors will initially train employees on how to perform assigned job tasks safely.
• Supervisors will carefully review with each employee the specific safety rules, policies, and
procedures that are applicable and that are described in the workplace safety manual.
• Supervisors will give employees verbal instructions and specific directions on how to do the
work safely.
• Supervisors will observe employees performing the work. If necessary, the supervisor will
provide a demonstration using safe work practices, or remedial instruction to correct training
deficiencies before an employee is permitted to do the work without supervision.
• All employees will receive safe operating instructions on seldom-used or new equipment
before using the equipment.
• Supervisors will review safe work practices with employees before permitting the
performance of new, non-routine, or specialized procedures.
Periodic Retraining of Employees
All employees will be retrained periodically on safety rules, policies and procedures, and when
changes are made to the workplace safety manual.
Individual employees will be retrained after the occurrence of a work-related injury caused by an
unsafe act or work practice, and when a supervisor observes employees displaying unsafe acts,
practices, or behaviors.
4
SECTION IV.
FIRST AID PROCEDURES
Emergency Phone Numbers
Safety Coordinator:
First Aid:
Ambulance
Medical Clinic:
Clinic Address:
Poison Control:
Fire Department:
Police:
Minor First Aid Treatment
First aid kits are stored in the front office and in the employee lounge. If you sustain an injury or
are involved in an accident requiring minor first aid treatment:
•
•
•
•
•
Inform your supervisor.
Administer first aid treatment to the injury or wound.
If a first aid kit is used, indicate usage on the accident investigation report.
Access to a first aid kit is not intended to be a substitute for medical attention.
Provide details for the completion of the accident investigation report.
Non-Emergency Medical Treatment
For non-emergency work-related injuries requiring professional medical assistance, management
must first authorize treatment. If you sustain an injury requiring treatment other than first aid:
•
•
•
Inform your supervisor.
Proceed to the posted medical facility. Your supervisor will assist with transportation, if
necessary.
Provide details for the completion of the accident investigation report.
Emergency Medical Treatment
If you sustain a severe injury requiring emergency treatment:
•
•
•
Call for help and seek assistance from a co-worker.
Use the emergency telephone numbers and instructions posted next to the telephone in your
work area to request assistance and transportation to the local hospital emergency room.
Provide details for the completion of the accident investigation report.
First Aid Training
Each employee will receive training and instructions from his or her supervisor on our first aid
procedures.
5
FIRST AID INSTRUCTIONS
In all cases requiring emergency medical treatment, immediately call, or have a co-worker call, to
request emergency medical assistance.
Wounds:
Minor: Cuts, lacerations, abrasions, or punctures
• Wash the wound using soap and water; rinse it well.
• Cover the wound using clean dressing.
Major: Large, deep and bleeding
• Stop the bleeding by pressing directly on the wound, using a bandage or cloth.
• Keep pressure on the wound until medical help arrives.
Broken Bones:
• Do not move the victim unless it is absolutely necessary.
• If the victim must be moved, "splint" the injured area. Use a board, cardboard, or rolled
newspaper as a splint.
Burns:
Thermal (Heat)
• Rinse the burned area, without scrubbing it, and immerse it in cold water; do not use ice water.
• Blot dries the area and cover it using sterile gauze or a clean cloth.
Chemical
• Flush the exposed area with cool water immediately for 15 to 20 minutes.
Eye Injury:
Small particles
• Do not rub your eyes.
• Use the corner of a soft clean cloth to draw particles out, or hold the eyelids open and flush
the eyes continuously with water.
Large or stuck particles
• If a particle is stuck in the eye, do not attempt to remove it.
• Cover both eyes with bandage.
Chemical
• Immediately irrigate the eyes and under the eyelids, with water, for 30 minutes.
Neck and Spine Injury:
• If the victim appears to have injured his or her neck or spine, or is unable to move his or her
arm or leg, do not attempt to move the victim unless it is absolutely necessary.
Heat Exhaustion:
• Loosen the victim's tight clothing.
• Give the victim "sips" of cool water.
• Make the victim lie down in a cooler place with the feet raised.
6
SECTION V.
ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
Accident Investigation Procedures
The supervisor at the location where the accident occurred will perform an accident investigation.
The safety coordinator is responsible for seeing that the accident investigation reports are being
filled out completely, and that the recommendations are being addressed. Supervisors will
investigate all accidents, injuries, and occupational diseases using the following investigation
procedures:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Implement temporary control measures to prevent any further injuries to employees.
Review the equipment, operations, and processes to gain an understanding of the accident
situation.
Identify and interview each witness and any other person who might provide clues to the
accident's causes.
Investigate causal conditions and unsafe acts; make conclusions based on existing facts.
Complete the accident investigation report.
Provide recommendations for corrective actions.
Indicate the need for additional or remedial safety training.
Accident investigation reports must be submitted to the safety coordinator within 24 hours of the
accident.
7
ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT
REPORT NO.:
COMPANY:
ADDRESS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Name of injured:
Sex: [ ] M [ ] F
Age:
a.m.
p.m.
Time of accident:
Employee's job title:
Length of experience on job:
(years)
Address of location where the accident occurred:
S.S. No.:
Date of accident:
Day of accident:
7.
Nature of injury, Injury type, and Part of the body affected:
8.
Describe the accident and how it occurred:
9.
Cause of the accident:
10.
Was personal protective equipment required? [ ] Yes [ ] No
Was it being used? [ ] Yes [ ] No If "No," explain:
(months)
Was it provided? [ ] Yes [ ] No
Was it being used as trained by supervisor or designated trainer? [ ] Yes [ ] No If "No", explain:
11.
Witness(es):
12.
Safety training provided to the injured? [ ] Yes [ ] No If "No," explain:
13.
Interim corrective actions taken to prevent recurrence:
14.
Permanent corrective action recommended to prevent recurrence:
15.
Date of report:
Prepared by:
Supervisor (Signature):
Status and follow-up action taken by safety coordinator:
Date:
Safety Coordinator (Signature):
Date:
16.
8
INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETING THE
ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT
An accident investigation is not designed to find fault or place blame but is an analysis of the
accident to determine causes that can be controlled or eliminated.
(Items 1-6) Identification: This section is self-explanatory.
(Item 7) Nature of Injury: Describe the injury, e.g., strain, sprain, cut, burn, fracture. Injury
Type: First aid -injury resulted in minor injury/treated on premises; Medical - injury treated off
premises by physician; Lost time -injured missed more than one day of work; No Injury - no injury,
near-miss type of incident. Part of the Body: Part of the body directly affected, e.g., foot, arm,
hand, head.
(Item 8) Describe the accident: Describe the accident, including exactly what happened, and
where and how it happened. Describe the equipment or materials involved.
(Item 9) Cause of the accident: Describe all conditions or acts which contributed to the accident, i.e.,
a. Unsafe conditions - spills, grease on the floor, poor housekeeping or other physical
conditions.
b. Unsafe acts - unsafe work practices such as failure to warn, failure to use required personal
protective equipment.
(Item 10) Personal protective equipment: Self-explanatory
(Item 11) Witness(es): List name(s), address(es), and phone number(s).
(Item 12) Safety training provided: Was any safety training provided to the injured related to the
work activity being performed?
(Item 13) Interim corrective action: Measures taken by supervisor to prevent recurrence of
incident, i.e., barricading accident area, posting warning signs, shutting down operations.
(Item 14): Self-explanatory
(Item 15): Self-explanatory
(Item 16) Follow-up: Once the investigation is complete, the safety coordinator shall review and
follow-up the investigation to ensure that corrective actions recommended by the safety committee
and approved by the employer are taken, and control measures have been implemented.
9
SECTION VI.
RECORD KEEPING PROCEDURES
Record Keeping Procedures
The safety coordinator will control and maintain all employee accident and injury records. Records
are maintained for a minimum of five (5) years following the end of the year to which they relate
and include:
•
•
•
Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses as required by 29 CFR 1904.2
Accident Investigation Reports; and
Workers' Compensation Notice of Injury Reports.
10
SECTION VII.
SAFETY RULES, POLICIES, AND PROCEDURES
The safety rules contained in Section VII have been prepared to protect you in your daily work.
Employees are to follow these rules, review them often, and use good common sense in carrying out
assigned duties.
To All Personnel: Section VII Rules
All personnel shall follow the rules outlined in this Safety and Health Procedures Manual.
Housekeeping
1.
Use caution signs/cones to barricade slippery areas.
2.
Do not store or leave items on stairways.
3.
Return tools to their storage places after using them.
4.
Do not block or obstruct stairwells, exits, or accesses to safety and emergency equipment such
as fire extinguishers or fire alarms.
5.
Do not place materials such as boxes or trash in walkways and passageways.
6.
Do not use gasoline for cleaning purposes.
7.
Mop up water around drinking fountains; drink dispensing machines and ice machines.
Lifting Procedures - General
1.
Test the weight of the load before lifting by pushing the load along its resting surface.
2.
If the load is too heavy or bulky, use lifting and carrying aids such as hand trucks, dollies,
pallet jacks and carts, or gets assistance from a co-worker.
3.
Never lift anything if your hands are greasy or wet.
4.
Wear protective gloves when lifting objects with sharp corners or jagged edges.
Lifting Procedures - When lifting
1.
Face the load.
2.
Position your feet 6"-12" apart with one foot slightly in front of the other.
3.
Bend at the knees, not at the back.
4. Keep your back straight.
5. Get a firm grip on the object using your hands and fingers. Use handles when they are
present.
6.
Hold the object as close to your body as possible.
7.
Perform lifting movements smoothly and gradually; do not jerk the load.
8.
If you must change direction while lifting or carrying the load, pivot your feet and turn your
entire body. Do not twist at the waist.
9.
Set down objects in the same manner as you picked them up, except in reverse.
10. Do not lift an object from the floor to a level above your waist in one motion. Set the load
down on a table or bench and then adjust your grip before lifting it higher.
11
Ladders and Step Ladders
1.
Read and follow the manufacturer's instructions label affixed to the ladder if you are unsure
how to use the ladder.
2.
Do not use ladders that have loose rungs, cracked or split side rails, missing rubber foot pads,
or are otherwise visibly damaged.
3.
Keep ladder rungs clean and free of grease. Remove buildup of material such as dirt or mud.
4.
When performing work from a ladder, face the ladder and do not lean backward or sideways
from the ladder.
5.
Allow only one person on the ladder at a time.
6. Do not stand on the top two rungs of any ladder.
7.
Do not stand on a ladder that wobbles, or that leans to the left or right of center.
8.
Do not try to "walk" a ladder by rocking it. Climb down the ladder, and then move it.
Climbing a Ladder
1.
Face the ladder when climbing up or down it.
2.
Do not carry items in your hands while climbing up or down a ladder.
3.
Maintain a three-point contact by keeping both hands and one foot or both feet and one hand
on the ladder at all times when climbing up or down the ladder.
Knives/Sharp Instruments
1.
When handling knife blades and other cutting tools, direct sharp points and edges away from
you.
2.
Cut in the direction away from your body when using knives.
3.
Use the knife that has been sharpened; do not use knives that have dull blades.
4.
Use knives for the operations for which they are made.
5.
Do not use knives that have broken or loose handles.
6.
Do not use knives as screwdrivers or pry bars.
7. Do not pick up knives by their blades.
8.
Carry knives with their tips pointed towards the floor.
9.
Do not carry knives, scissors, or other sharp tools in your pockets or an apron unless they are
first placed in their sheath or holder.
10. Do not attempt to catch a falling knife.
11. Store knives in knife blocks or in sheaths after using them.
12. When opening cartons use the safety box cutters. Do not cut with the blade extended beyond
the guard.
OFFICE PERSONNEL
Office Safety - General
1.
Do not place material such as boxes or trash in walkways and passageways.
2. Do not throw matches, cigarettes, or other smoking materials into trash baskets.
3.
Do not kick objects out of your pathway; pick them up or push them out of the way.
4.
Keep floors clear of items such as paper clips, pencils, tacks or staples.
5.
Straighten or remove rugs and mats that do not lie flat on the floor.
6.
Mop up water around drinking fountains and drink dispensing machines.
7.
Do not block your view by carrying large or bulky items; use a dolly or hand truck or get
assistance from a fellow employee.
12
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Store sharp objects, such as pens, pencils, and letter openers or scissors in drawers or with the
points down in a container.
Carry pencils, scissors, and other sharp objects with the tips pointing down.
Use the ladder or step stool to retrieve or store items that are located above your head.
Do not run on stairs or take more than one step at a time.
Keep doors in hallways fully open or fully closed.
Use handrails when ascending or descending stairs or ramps.
Obey all posted safety and danger signs.
Office Safety - Furniture Use
1.
Open only one file cabinet drawer at a time. Close the filing cabinet drawer you are working
in before opening another filing drawer in the same cabinet.
2.
Use the handle when closing doors, drawers, and files.
3.
Put heavy files in the bottom drawers of file cabinets.
4.
Do not tilt the chair you are sitting in on its back two legs.
5.
Do not stand on furniture to reach high places.
Office Safety - Equipment Use
1.
Do not use fans that have excessive vibration, frayed cords, or missing guards.
2.
Do not place floor type fans in walkways, aisles, or doorways.
3.
Do not plug multiple electrical cords into a single outlet.
4. Do not use extension or power cords that have the ground prong removed or broken off.
5. Do not use frayed, cut, or cracked electrical cords.
6.
Use a cord cover or tape the cord down when running electrical cords across aisles, between
desks or across entrances or exits.
7.
Turn the power switch of the local exhaust fans to "On" when operating the blueprint
machine.
8. Do not use lighting fluid to clean drafting equipment; use soap and water.
SALES PERSONNEL
Driving Safety
1.
Fueling Vehicles
2.
Turn the vehicle off before fueling.
3.
Do not smoke while fueling a vehicle.
4.
Wash hands with soap and water if you spill gasoline on your hands.
Driving Rules
1.
Shut all doors and fasten your seat belt before moving the vehicle.
2.
Obey all traffic patterns and signs at all times.
3.
Maintain a three-point contact using both hands and one foot or both feet and one hand when
climbing into and out of vehicles.
AIR-CONDITIONING, REFRIGERATION, AND HEATING MECHANICS - INSTALLATION
AND SERVICE/REPAIR
13
General Job Site Rules
1.
Do not begin working until barricades, warning signs or other protective devices have been
installed to isolate the work area from local traffic.
2.
Do not walk under partially demolished walls or floors.
3.
Stop working outdoors and seek shelter during lightning storms.
4.
When working outside, keep shirts on to avoid dehydration and sunburn.
5. Drink plenty of clear liquids during your breaks.
6.
Erect protective barriers or guards and warning signs prior to removing manhole covers where
accessible by vehicular or pedestrian traffic.
7.
Do not use a metal ladder within 50 feet of electrical power lines.
8.
Do not block the walking surfaces of elevated working platforms, such as scaffolds, with tools
or materials that are not being used.
9.
Do not stand on sinks, toilets, or cabinets; use a step ladder.
10. Stand clear of floor openings if guardrails or covers are removed or displaced.
11. If you discover a wasp nest or bee hive while installing or servicing equipment, use the long
distance aerosol insecticide labeled "Wasp and Bee Insecticide" to spray the nest. Test with
the stick or pole once again to ensure that all bees/wasps are gone before continuing work.
12. Seek first aid immediately if bitten or stung by wasps or bees.
13. Do not handle caterpillars or other insects with your bare hands.
Equipment Installation Safety - General Safety
1.
Assume all electrical wires as live wires.
2.
Turn the main switch to "Off" before removing and replacing power fuses.
3.
Do not wear jewelry or coats with metal zippers when working on or near energized lines,
panels, parts, or equipment.
4.
Do not wear watches, rings, or other metallic objects when working on or near energized lines,
panels, parts, or equipment.
5. Wear 100% cotton or flame resistant shirts or jumpers (with sleeves rolled down) and protective hats when working on or near live parts, lines, and panels.
6.
Do not work near any circuit that is in service without first installing barricades approved by
your supervisor.
General Wiring Safety
1.
Do not fish conduits or ducts until you visually determine that the fish tape or wires will not
contact energized lines or equipment.
2.
Do not use conductive measuring ropes or tapes when working on or near energized lines or
sources.
3.
Do not fasten or hang electrical extension or power cords from non-insulated staples or nails
and do not suspend them by wire.
4. Wear rubber gloves or use hot sticks when placing protective equipment on/around energized
voltage conductors.
5.
Treat bare wire communication conductors on structures as energized lines unless insulated
conductors protect them.
6.
Visually inspect and wipe down all hot line tools each day before use.
7.
Do not use defective hot line tools. Mark them as defective and turn them in for repair or
replacement.
14
8.
9.
Keep conductors that are being strung in or removed under positive control to prevent
accidental contact with energized circuits.
If an existing line that crosses over a conductor is to be de-energized, ground the line on both
sides of the crossing or treat the conductor being crossed as energized.
General Personal Protective Equipment Guidelines
1.
Do not wear hard hats that are dented or cracked.
2. Wear your safety glasses when operating drills and when cutting or snipping copper or light
gauge wire.
3.
Wear your safety goggles when welding, soldering, or cutting metal.
4. Do not continue to work if your safety glasses become fogged. Stop work and clean the
glasses until the lenses are clear and defogged.
5.
Wear the dielectric gloves when working on electric current.
6.
Do not wear jewelry or coats with metal zippers to work.
7.
Wear earplugs or earmuffs in areas posted "Hearing Protection Required."
Respirators
1.
Wear the respirator provided by your supervisor for your assigned duties.
2.
Shave daily to prevent facial hair from interfering with the face seal of the respirator.
3.
Clean and disinfect your respirator with detergent solution and clean water after each use.
4.
Do not wear contact lenses when wearing a respirator. Use optical inserts acquired by your
supervisor.
5.
Return respirators to carrying case or carton and store in your locker or storage area when the
work is completed.
6.
Prior to each use, inspect the respirators for missing or distorted inhalation and exhalation
valves, or cracked face pieces. Do not use if any of these conditions are found.
7.
Do not use respirator that has cracks, excessive dirt on the face piece, loss of elasticity in the
straps, missing gaskets, and kinks in air supply hoses.
8.
Perform a fit test prior to use:
•
First, position face piece comfortably over face and pull all straps tight. Do not wear face
piece if it does not allow you to talk, if it does not fit snug over Nose Bridge or if it slips.
Close off the inlet of the canister, cartridges, or filters with the palm of your hands or replace
the seals and inhale slightly and hold for 10 (ten) seconds. If face piece remains slightly collapsed and no inward leaking is detected, the respirator is tight enough. Use your other hand
to detect air leaks around face seal. (Negative pressure test).
•
Second, close off the exhalation valve and blow into face piece gently. Use hands to feel any
air leaking out of the seal between face piece and face. If no outward leaking is detected, the
respirator is tight enough. (Positive pressure test)
Only use respirator that has been issued to you.
Spray Painting Safety
1.
Do not point the spray gun toward any part of your body or at anyone else.
2.
Store rags that have paint on them in closed metal containers labeled "oily rags."
3.
Press the pressure relief valve on painting canisters and painting guns prior to disconnecting
them.
4.
Do not store food or eat where spray painting is being performed.
5.
Close the lids of containers of paint and thinner tightly after each use or when not being used.
15
6.
7.
Return containers of thinners, mineral spirits, and other liquids labeled "Flammable" to the
storage cabinet labeled "Flammable Storage," when painting is finished.
Always wash your hands with soap and water after using paints or other toxic solvents to
remove paint from your skin.
Confined Spaces
1.
Do not enter any area labeled "confined space" without a confined space entry permit.
2.
Do not enter any confined spaces without reading and following this "confined space entry
procedure."
3.
Turn "off" disconnect, or lock and tag all systems that affect or make operational the confined
space prior to entry.
4.
Do not perform hot work such as electric or gas welding or cutting in or on a confined space
until the atmosphere has been determined to be safe.
5.
Use mechanical forced air ventilation when open flames or torches are used in a confined
space.
6.
Do not enter any confined space without a safety observer present; minimum of a two person
team.
7.
Use survey equipment such as an "organic vapor meter" to test and monitor the confined space
for oxygen deficiency and explosive or hazardous gases\fumes. If the organic vapor meter
reading for the explosive gases is above 10% of the LEL and if the oxygen reading is below
19.5% or greater that 23.5%, do not enter the confined space.
Sheet Metal Air-Duct Fabrication - General Machine Safety
1.
Replace the guards before starting machines, or after making adjustments or repairs to the
machine.
2.
Do not remove, alter, or bypass any safety guards or devices when operating any piece of
equipment or machinery.
3.
Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry around moving machinery.
4.
Long hair must be contained under a hat or hair net, regardless of gender.
5.
Read and obey safety warnings posted on or near any machinery.
6.
Do not try to stop a work piece as it goes through any machine. If the machine becomes
jammed, unplug it before clearing the jam.
7.
Do not use metal working equipment such as grinders, sanders, or beveling machines if they
do not have safety guards.
8.
Clamp work when using saws or cutting tools.
Drill Table Safety
1.
Insert the work piece into the table grooves before starting the drilling process.
2.
Use brushes or vacuum machinery to remove metal chips, shavings and other debris from the
drill table. Do not use your bare hands.
3.
Do not use dull, cracked, or bent drill bits.
Riveting/Bolting Safety
1. Wear safety goggles while riveting or bolting.
2.
Do not use your hands to guide a bit into place when riveting or bolting steel.
3.
Disconnect the snap and plunger from an air hammer when it is not in use.
4.
Do not pass air powered tools from one worker to another by the hose.
16
5.
6.
Use a receptacle or a net to catch rivets or bolts that are knocked off or backed out from your
work area.
Do not carry nuts, bolts, or rivets in your hands or pockets; use the carrying/storing container
provided for this purpose.
Welding Operations
1.
Wear clothing made of cotton, wool, or non-synthetic fibers. Wear long sleeve shirts, long
pants, and boots.
2.
Before welding place the floor fan behind you to keep welding fumes away from your face.
3.
Use the welding screen to shield other employees from flying slag and intense light.
4.
Wear the welding helmet or welding goggles during welding operations.
5.
Use the insulated work gloves when using welding sheet metal air-ducts.
6.
Do not perform welding tasks while wearing wet cotton gloves or wet leather gloves.
7.
Do not use the welding apparatus if the power cord is cut, frayed, split or otherwise visibly
damaged or modified.
8.
Do not perform "hot work" such as welding, cutting, or other spark producing operations
within 50 feet of containers labeled "Flammable" or "Combustible."
Sanding Operations
1.
Wear gloves, aprons, dust masks, goggles, and hearing protection when operating the sander.
2.
When using a disk sander, sand on the downward side of the disk.
3.
Do not use you hands to hold the part to be sanded. Use clamps and fixtures.
4.
Do not eat, drink, or use tobacco products while using sanders.
5.
After leaving the sanding area wash hands and exposed skin surfaces of arms.
Lockout/Tagout
1.
Do not remove a lock from any equipment unless you placed it there yourself. Each person
shall place his/her own lock/tag when required to isolate an energy source.
2.
Do not start any adjustment, service or repair without verifying that the tag/lock out
3.
Switch or control cannot be by-passed or over-ridden.
4.
Lockout verification:
•
Verify that the locked-out switch or control cannot be overridden.
•
Test the equipment to be certain that the locked-out switch is de-energized and not simply
malfunctioning.
•
Press all start buttons to see if the equipment starts.
•
Ensure the system you will be working on is the same one that has been locked out.
•
Before restarting the equipment, verify the following:
•
All tools and other items have been removed.
•
All machine guards are in place.
•
All electric systems are reconnected.
•
All employees are clear of equipment.
Electrical Powered Tools
1.
Do not use power equipment or tools on which you have not been trained.
2.
Keep power cords away from the path of drills, saws, and grinders.
3.
Do not use cords that have splices, exposed wires, or cracked or frayed ends.
4.
Do not carry plugged in equipment or tools with your finger on the switch.
17
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Do not carry equipment or tools by the cord.
Disconnect the tool from the outlet by pulling on the plug, not the cord.
Turn the tool off before plugging or unplugging it.
Do not leave tools that are "On" unattended.
Do not handle or operate electrical tools when your hands are wet or when you are standing on
wet floors.
Do not operate spark-inducing tools such as drills, saws, or grinders near containers labeled
"Flammable" or in an explosive atmosphere.
Do not use extension cords or other three pronged power cords that have a missing prong.
Do not remove the ground prong from electrical cords.
Do not use an adapter such as a cheater plug that eliminates the ground.
Do not plug multiple electrical cords into a single outlet.
Do not stand in water or on wet surfaces when operating power hand tools or portable
electrical appliances.
Do not use a power hand tool while wearing wet cotton gloves or wet leather gloves.
Never operate electrical equipment barefooted. Wear rubber-soled or insulated work boots.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance that has a frayed, worn, cut,
improperly spliced or damaged power cord.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance if a prong from the three-pronged
power plug is missing or has been removed.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance that has a two-pronged adapter or a
two conductor extension cord.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance while holding a part of the metal
casing or while holding the extension cord in your hand. Hold all portable power tools by the
plastic hand grips or other nonconductive areas designed for gripping purposes.
Grinders
1.
Do not use grinding wheels that have chips, cracks, or grooves.
2.
Do not use the grinding wheel if it wobbles. Tag it "Out of Service."
3.
Do not try to stop the wheel using your hand, even if you are wearing gloves. To prevent your
gloves from getting caught by the grinding wheel, hold the work-piece by using vice grip
pliers, clamps, or a jig.
4.
Adjust the tongue guard to within 1/4 inch of the grinding wheel and the tool rest a 1/8-inch
from the abrasive wheel as outlined in the grinder's operating and maintenance manual before
using.
General Power Saws Safety
1.
Wear the prescribed personal protective equipment such as goggles, gloves, dust masks, and
hearing protection when operating the power saw.
2.
Turn the power switch of the saw to "Off" before making measurements, adjustments or
repairs.
3.
Keep your hands away from the exposed blade.
4.
Operate the saw at full cutting speed, with a sharp blade, to prevent kickbacks.
5.
If the saw becomes jammed, turn the power switch of the saw to "Off" before pulling out the
incomplete cut.
6. Do not alter the anti-kickback device or blade guard.
18
Scaffolding
1.
Follow the manufacturer's instructions when erecting the scaffold.
2.
Do not work on scaffolds outside during stormy or windy weather.
3.
Do not climb on scaffolds that wobble or lean to one side.
4.
Initially inspect the scaffold prior to mounting it. Do not use a scaffold if any pulley, block,
hook, or fitting is visibly worn, cracked, rusted, or otherwise damaged. Do not use a scaffold
if any rope is frayed, torn, or visibly damaged.
5. Do not use any scaffold tagged "Out of Service."
6.
Do not use unstable objects such as barrels, boxes, loose brick, or concrete blocks to support
scaffolds or planks.
7.
Do not work on platforms or scaffolds unless they are fully planked.
8.
Do not use a scaffold unless guardrails and all flooring are in place.
9.
Level the scaffold after each move. Do not extend adjusting leg screws more than 12 inches.
10. Use your safety belts and lanyards when working on scaffolding at a height of 10 feet or more
above ground level. Attach the lanyard to a secure member of the scaffold.
11. Do not climb the cross braces for access to the scaffold. Use the ladder.
12. Do not jump from, to, or between scaffolding.
13. Do not slide down cables, ropes or guys used for bracing.
14. Keep both feet on the decking. Do not sit or climb on the guardrails.
15. Keep the scaffold free of scraps, loose tools, tangled lines, and other obstructions.
16. Do not throw anything "overboard" unless a spotter is available. Use the debris chutes or
lower things by hoist or by hand.
17. Do not move a mobile scaffold if anyone is on the scaffold.
18. Chock the wheels of the rolling scaffold, using the wheel blocks, and also lock the wheels by
using your foot to depress the wheel-lock, before using the scaffold.
Hazardous Materials
1.
Wear the chemical goggles when using, applying, or handling chemical liquids from
containers labeled "Caustic" or "Corrosive."
2.
Follow the instructions on the label and in the corresponding Material Safety Data Sheet
(MSDS) for each chemical product you will be using in your workplace.
3.
Use personal protective clothing or equipment such as neoprene gloves, rubber boots, shoe
covers, rubber aprons, and protective eyewear, when using chemicals labeled "Flammable",
"Corrosive", "Caustic" or "Poisonous."
4.
Always use your chemical goggles and the face shield when handling chemicals labeled
"Corrosive" or "Caustic."
5.
Do not use protective clothing or equipment that has split seams, pinholes, cuts, tears, or other
visible signs of damage.
6.
Each time you use your gloves, wash them, before removing the gloves, using cold tap water
and normal hand washing motion. Always wash your hands after removing the gloves.
7.
Only dispense a liquid labeled "Flammable" from its bulk container located in areas posted
"Flammable Liquid Storage."
8.
Do not use chemicals from unlabeled containers or unmarked cylinders.
9.
Do not drag containers labeled "Flammable."
10. Do not store chemical containers labeled "Oxidizer" with containers labeled "Corrosive" or
"Caustic."
19
General Hand Tool Safety
1. Use tied off containers to keep tools from falling off of scaffolds and other elevated work
platforms.
2.
Carry all sharp tools in a sheath or holster.
3.
Tag worn, damaged, or defective tools "Out of Service" and do not use them.
4.
Do not use a tool if its handle has splinters, burrs, cracks, and splits or if the head of the tool is
loose.
5.
Do not use impact tools such as hammers, chisels, or steel stakes that have mushroomed
heads.
6.
Do not perform "make-shift" repairs to tools.
7.
Do not carry tools in your hand when you are climbing. Carry tools in tool belts or hoist the
tools to the work area using a hand line.
8.
Do not throw tools from one location to another or from one employee to another.
9.
Transport hand tools only in toolboxes or tool belts. Do not carry tools in your clothing.
Hammers
1.
Do not strike nails or other objects with the "cheek" of the hammer.
2.
Do not strike a hardened steel surface, such as a cold chisel, with a claw hammer.
3.
Do not strike one hammer against another hammer.
4.
Do not use a hammer if your hands are oily, greasy, or wet.
5.
Do not use a hammer as a wedge or a pry bar.
Saws
1. Keep control of saws by releasing downward pressure at the end of the stroke.
2.
Do not use an adjustable blade saw if the blade is not taut.
3.
Do not use a saw that has dull saw blades.
4.
Oil saw blades after each use of the saw.
5.
Keep your hands and fingers away from the saw blade while you are using the saw.
6.
Do not carry a saw by the blade.
7.
When using the handsaw, hold the work piece firmly against the worktable.
Screwdrivers
1.
Always match the size and type of screwdriver blade to fit the head of the screw.
2.
Do not hold the work piece against your body while using a screwdriver.
3.
Do not put your fingers near the blade of the screwdriver when tightening a screw.
4.
Use a drill, nail, or an awl to make a starting hole for screws.
5.
Do not force a screwdriver by using a hammer or pliers on it.
6. Do not use a screwdriver as a punch, chisel, pry bar or nail puller.
7.
When you are performing electrical work, use the screwdriver that has the blue handle; this
screwdriver is insulated.
8. Do not use a screwdriver if your hands are wet, oily, or greasy.
Wrenches
1.
Do not use wrenches that are bent, cracked or badly chipped or that have loose or broken
handles.
2.
Do not use a shim to make a wrench fit.
3.
Use a split box wrench on flare nuts.
4. Do not use a wrench that has broken or battered points.
20
5.
6.
Discard any wrench that has spread, nicked or battered jaws or if the handle is bent.
Use box or socket wrenches on hexagon nuts and bolts as a first choice, and open-end
wrenches as a second choice.
Pliers
1.
Do not use pliers as a wrench or a hammer.
2.
Do not attempt to force pliers by using a hammer on them.
3.
When you are performing electrical work, use the pliers that have the blue rubber sleeves
covering the handle; these pliers are insulated.
4.
Do not use pliers that are cracked, broken, or sprung.
5.
When using the diagonal cutting pliers, shield the loose pieces of cut material from flying into
the air by using a cloth or your gloved hand.
Clamps
1.
Do not use the C-clamp for hoisting materials.
2.
Do not use the C-clamp as a permanent fastening device.
Metal Snips
1. Wear your safety glasses or safety goggles when using snips to cut materials.
2.
Wear your work gloves when cutting materials with snips.
3.
Do not use straight cut snips to cut curves.
4.
Keep the blade aligned by tightening the nut and bolt on the snips.
5.
Do not use snips as a hammer, screwdriver, or pry bar.
Tool Boxes/Chests/Cabinets
1.
Use the handle when opening and closing a drawer or door of a toolbox, chest, or cabinet.
2.
Do not stand on toolboxes, chests, or cabinets to gain extra height.
3.
Lock the wheels on large toolboxes, chests, or cabinets to prevent them from rolling.
4.
Push large chests, cabinets, and toolboxes; do not pull them.
5.
Do not open more than one drawer of a toolbox at a time.
6.
Close and lock all drawers and doors before moving the tool chest to a new location.
7. Do not use a toolbox or chest as a workbench.
8.
Do not move a toolbox, chest, or cabinet if it has loose tools or parts on the top.
Compressed Gas Cylinders - Storage and Handling
1.
Do not handle oxygen cylinders if your gloves are greasy or oily.
2.
Store all compressed gas cylinders in the upright position.
3.
Place valve protection caps on compressed gas cylinders that are in storage or are not being
used.
4.
Do not lift compressed gas cylinders by the valve protection cap.
5.
Do not store compressed gas cylinders in areas where they can come in contact with chemicals
labeled "Corrosive."
6.
Hoist compressed gas cylinders on the cradle, slingboard, pallet, or compressed gas cylinder
basket.
7.
Do not place compressed gas cylinders against electrical panels or live electrical cords where
the cylinder can become part of the circuit.
21
Use of Compressed Gas Cylinders
1.
Do not use dented, cracked, or other visibly damaged cylinders.
2.
Use only an open ended or adjustable wrench when connecting or disconnecting regulators
and fittings.
3.
Do not transport cylinders without first removing the regulators and replacing the valve
protection caps.
4.
Close the cylinder valve when work is finished, when the cylinder is empty, or at any time the
cylinder is moved.
5.
Do not store oxygen cylinders near fuel gas cylinders such as propane or acetylene, or near
combustible material such as oil or grease.
6.
Stand to the side of the regulator when opening the valve.
7.
If a cylinder is leaking around a valve or a fuse plug, move it to an outside area away from
where work is performed, and tag it to indicate the defect.
8.
Do not use compressed gas to clean yourself, equipment, or your work area.
9.
Do not remove the valve wrench from acetylene cylinders while the cylinder is being used.
10. Open cylinder valves slowly. Open the valves fully when the compressed gas cylinder is
being used, in order to eliminate possible leakage around the cylinder valve stem.
Cranes and Hoists
1.
Do not use load hooks that are cracked, bent, or broken.
2.
Passengers are not permitted to ride inside the operator's cab of a truck crane.
3.
Keep crane windows clean. Do not use a crane if its windows are broken.
4.
Do not exceed the rated load capacity of the crane as specified by the manufacturer.
5.
Use the cribbing mats when operating the crane on "soft" ground.
6.
Fully extend the outriggers of the crane before attempting a lift.
7.
Do not perform any crane refits or modifications without the manufacturer's approval.
8.
Do not leave the crane you are working in unattended if you have a hoisted load suspended in
the air.
9.
Do not hoist loads over people.
10. Do not use a hoist whose safety latch on the hook has been removed, is bent, or is otherwise
visibly damaged.
Lifting Equipment
1.
Do not use chain slings if links are cracked, twisted, stretched, or bent.
2.
Fabricate all wire in wire rope slings by using thimbles; do not form eyes by using wire clips
or knots.
3.
Do not shorten slings by using makeshift devices such as knots or bolts.
4. Do not use a kinked chain.
5.
Protect slings from the sharp edges of their loads by placing pads over the sharp edges of the
items that have been loaded.
6.
Do not place your hands between the sling and its load when the sling is being tightened
around the load.
7.
Wear work gloves when handling rough, sharp-edged, or abrasive material such as chains,
cables ropes or slings.
8.
Do not alter or remove the safety latch on hooks. Do not use a hook that does not have a safety
latch, or the safety latch is bent.
9.
Lift the load from the center of the hooks, not from the point.
22
Vehicle Safety - General
1.
Turn the vehicle off before fueling it.
2.
Do not smoke while fueling a vehicle.
3.
Wash hands with soap and water if you spill gasoline on your hands.
4.
Shut your door and fasten your seat belt before moving the vehicle.
5.
Obey all traffic laws and signals at all times.
6.
Maintain a three-point contact using hands and one foot or both feet and one hand when
climbing into and out of vehicles.
7.
Only service vehicle personnel are permitted to operate a service vehicle.
8.
Do not ride in the bed of a pick-up truck.
9. Turn headlights on when driving inside the shop area or on parking decks.
10. Do not drive over 5 mph in the shop area.
11. Walk behind the vehicle and remove any equipment, tools, or other pathway instructions
before getting into the vehicle. Sound the horn to alert nearby coworkers before backing the
vehicle.
12. Tie down, lash, or secure all materials and equipment hauled in the bed of vehicles.
13. Do not mount or dismount a moving vehicle.
Liftgates
1.
Do not place items such as air-conditioning units or heating units anywhere on the liftgate
where it cannot be moved by a dolly.
2.
Secure equipment on the truck by using latches or ropes.
3. Keep hands, fingers, and arms away from the edge of the liftgate platform.
4.
Do not lower the liftgate until everyone is clear of its landing area.
Vehicle/Trailer Safety
1.
Set the parking brake in the towing vehicle and use wheel blocks to chock the wheels of the
trailer before removing any equipment from the trailer.
2.
Secure equipment and fuel tanks to the vehicle with chains or straps to eliminate or minimize
shifting of the load.
3.
No one is permitted to ride in the trailer.
4.
Take slow, wide turns when towing trailers.
5. Do not exceed the load capacity as posted on the trailer door of the trailer.
6.
Do not place all the heavy equipment on one side of the trailer.
PLUMBERS (MASTERS AND APPRENTICES)
General Installation Rules and Guidelines
1.
Do not begin working until barricades, warning signs or other protective devices have been
installed to isolate the work area from local traffic.
2.
Do not walk under partially demolished walls or floors.
3.
Stop working outdoors and seek shelter during lightning storms.
4.
When working outside, keep shirts on to avoid dehydration and sunburn.
5. Drink plenty of clear liquids during your breaks.
6.
If you discover a wasp nest or bee hive while installing or servicing equipment, use the long
distance aerosol insecticide labeled "Wasp and Bee Insecticide" to spray the nest. Test with
the stick or pole once again to ensure that all bees/wasps are gone before continuing work.
23
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Seek first aid immediately if bitten or stung by wasps or bees. See page IV.1, "First Aid
Procedures."
Do not handle caterpillars or other insects with your bare hands.
Do not use a metal ladder within 50 feet of electrical power lines.
Do not block the walking surfaces of elevated working platforms, such as scaffolds, with tools
or materials that are not being used.
Do not stand on sinks, toilets, or cabinets; use a stepladder.
Do not work on open sided floors, elevated walkways or elevated platforms if there are no
guardrails in place.
Do not handle hot items such as hot water heaters or water/steam lines with your bare hands;
use cloth gloves.
Open the gate valve to release the pressure from the steam lines and turn off the boiler before
servicing piping equipment.
Work Clothing and Personal Protective Equipment
1.
Wear the face shield over your goggles or safety glasses during open furnace, welding,
soldering or gas cutting operations.
2. Do not continue to work if your safety glasses become fogged. Stop work and clean the
glasses until the lenses are clear and defogged.
3.
Wear the welding helmet or welding goggles during welding operations.
4.
Wear the dielectric gloves when working on electric current.
5.
Wear your earplugs or earmuffs in areas posted "Hearing Protection Required."
6.
Safety goggles must be worn while welding or cutting metal.
7.
Do not wear long sleeve shirts that do not have button-down cuffs.
8.
Do not wear jewelry or coats with metal zippers to work.
Respirators
1.
Wear the respirator provided by your supervisor for your assigned duties.
2.
Shave daily to prevent facial hair from interfering with the face seal of the respirator.
3.
Clean and disinfect your respirator with detergent solution and clean water after each use.
4.
Do not wear contact lenses when wearing a respirator. Use optical inserts acquired by your
supervisor.
5.
Return respirators to carrying case or carton and store in your locker or storage area when the
work is completed.
6.
Prior to each use, inspect the respirators for missing or distorted inhalation and exhalation
valves, or cracked face pieces. Do not use if any of these conditions are found.
7.
Do not use respirator that has cracks, excessive dirt on the face piece, loss of elasticity in the
straps, missing gaskets, and kinks in air supply hoses.
8.
Perform a fit test prior to use.
•
First, position face piece comfortably over face and pull all straps tight. Do not wear
face piece if it does not allow you to talk, if it does not fit snug over nose bridge or if it
slips. Close off the inlet of the canister, cartridges, or filters with the palm of your hands
or replace the seals and inhale slightly and hold for 10 (ten) seconds. If face piece
remains slightly collapsed and no inward leaking is detected, the respirator is tight
enough. Use your other hand to detect air leaks around face seal. (Negative pressure
test).
24
•
9.
Second, close off the exhalation valve and blow into face piece gently. Use hands to feel
any air leaking out of the seal between face piece and face. If no outward leaking is
detected, the respirator is tight enough. (Positive pressure test)
Only use respirator that has been issued to you.
Confined Space Entry (sewers, etc.)
1.
Do not enter the sewers or other confined spaces without reading and following this "confined
space entry procedure."
2.
Obtain a confined space entry permit from your supervisor before entering the confined space.
3.
Do not enter the confined space unless an assigned observer or lookout person posted at the
entrance. If you are assigned as the outside observer, do not go inside the confined space
under any circumstances and keep the entrant in your view at all times.
4.
Place furnaces and space heaters in a level position on the downhill lower side of the manhole.
5.
Do not throw materials into or out of manholes. Place materials in a receptacle and hoist them
in and out by means of a rope.
6.
Do not leave tools and/or materials on the ground around a manhole opening.
7.
Use survey equipment such as an "organic vapor meter" to test and monitor the confined space
for oxygen deficiency and explosive or hazardous gases\fumes. If the organic vapor meter
reading for the explosive gases is above 10% of the LEL and if the oxygen reading is below
19.5% or greater that 23.5%, do not enter the confined space.
8.
Turn "off" disconnect, or lock and tag all systems that affect or make operational the confined
space prior to entry.
9.
Do not perform hot work such as electric or gas welding or cutting in or on a confined space
until the atmosphere has been determined to be safe.
10. Use mechanical forced air ventilation when open flames or torches are used in a confined
space.
Fabrication Operations - General Machine Safety
1.
Replace the guards before starting machines, or after making adjustments or repairs to the
machine.
2.
Do not remove, alter, or bypass any safety guards or devices when operating any piece of
equipment or machinery.
3.
Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry around moving machinery.
4.
Long hair must be contained under a hat or hair net, regardless of gender.
5.
Read and obey safety warnings posted on or near any machinery.
6.
Do not try to stop a work piece as it goes through any machine. If the machine becomes
jammed, unplug it before clearing the jam.
7.
Do not use metal working equipment such as grinders, sanders, or beveling machines if they
do not have safety guards.
8.
Clamp work when using saws or cutting tools.
Welding Operations
1.
Obey all signs posted in the welding area.
2.
Wear clothing made of cotton, wool, or non-synthetic fibers. Wear long sleeve shirts, long
pants, and boots.
3.
Before welding place the floor fan behind you to keep welding fumes away from your face.
4.
Use the welding screen to shield other employees from flying slag and intense light.
25
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Wear the welding helmet or welding goggles during welding operations.
Use the insulated work gloves when using welding sheet metal air-ducts.
Do not perform welding tasks while wearing wet cotton gloves or wet leather gloves.
Do not use the welding apparatus if the power cord is cut, frayed, split or otherwise visibly
damaged or modified.
Do not perform "hot work" such as welding, cutting, or other spark producing operations
within 50 feet of containers labeled "Flammable" or "Combustible."
Do not leave oily rags, paper, or other combustible materials in the welding, cutting, or
brazing area.
Use the red hose for gas fuel and the green hose for oxygen.
Do not use worn or cracked hoses.
Do not use oil, grease, or other lubricants on the regulator.
"Blow Out" hoses before attaching the torch.
"Blow Out" the cylinder valve before attaching or reattaching a hose to the cylinder.
Do not use a cigarette lighter to ignite torches; use friction lighters only.
Do not wear contact lenses when you are welding.
Do not change electrodes using your bare hands; use the dry rubber gloves.
"Bleed" oxygen and fuel lines at the end of the workshift.
Use the welding cart that has a safety chain or cable when transporting cylinders used for
welding.
Portable Welding/Soldering Operations
1.
Do not perform welding or soldering tasks while wearing wet cotton gloves or wet leather
gloves.
2.
Use the insulated work gloves when using welding or soldering equipment.
3.
Do not use the welding or soldering apparatus if the power cord is cut, frayed, split or
otherwise visibly damaged or modified.
4.
Do not perform "hot work" such as welding, soldering, or other spark producing operations
within 50 feet of containers labeled "Flammable" or "Combustible."
Compressed Gas Cylinders - Storage and Handling
1.
Do not handle oxygen cylinders if your gloves are greasy or oily.
2.
Store all compressed gas cylinders in the upright position.
3.
Place valve protection caps on compressed gas cylinders that are in storage or are not being
used.
4.
Do not lift compressed gas cylinders by the valve protection cap.
5.
Do not store compressed gas cylinders in areas where they can come in contact with chemicals
labeled "Corrosive."
6.
Hoist compressed gas cylinders on the cradle, slingboard, pallet, or compressed gas cylinder
basket.
7.
Do not place compressed gas cylinders against electrical panels or live electrical cords where
the cylinder can become part of the circuit.
Use of Compressed Gas Cylinders
1.
Do not use dented, cracked, or other visibly damaged cylinders.
2.
Use only an open ended or adjustable wrench when connecting or disconnecting regulators
and fittings.
26
3.
Do not transport cylinders without first removing the regulators and replacing the valve
protection caps.
4.
Close the cylinder valve when work is finished, when the cylinder is empty, or at any time the
cylinder is moved.
5.
Do not store oxygen cylinders near fuel gas cylinders such as propane or acetylene, or near
combustible material such as oil or grease.
6.
Stand to the side of the regulator when opening the valve.
7.
If a cylinder is leaking around a valve or a fuse plug, move it to an outside area away from
where work is performed, and tag it to indicate the defect.
8.
Do not use compressed gas to clean yourself, equipment, or your work area.
9.
Do not remove the valve wrench from acetylene cylinders while the cylinder is being used.
10. Open cylinder valves slowly. Open the valves fully when the compressed gas cylinder is
being used, in order to eliminate possible leakage around the cylinder valve stem.
Lockout/Tagout
1.
Do not remove a lock from any equipment unless you placed it there yourself. Each person
shall place his/her own lock/tag when required to isolate an energy source.
2.
Do not start any adjustment, service or repair without verifying that the tag/lock out
3.
Switch or control cannot be by-passed or over-ridden.
4.
Lockout verification:
•
Verify that the locked-out switch or control cannot be overridden.
•
Test the equipment to be certain that the locked-out switch is de-energized and not
simply malfunctioning.
•
Press all start buttons to see if the equipment starts.
•
Ensure the system you will be working on is the same one that has been locked out.
•
Before restarting the equipment, verify the following:
•
All tools and other items have been removed.
•
All machine guards are in place.
•
All electric systems are reconnected.
•
All employees are clear of equipment.
Electrical Powered Tools
1.
Do not use power equipment or tools on which you have not been trained.
2.
Keep power cords away from the path of drills, saws, and grinders.
3.
Do not use cords that have splices, exposed wires, or cracked or frayed ends.
4.
Do not carry plugged in equipment or tools with your finger on the switch.
5.
Do not carry equipment or tools by the cord.
6.
Disconnect the tool from the outlet by pulling on the plug, not the cord.
7. Turn the tool off before plugging or unplugging it.
8.
Do not leave tools that are "On" unattended.
9.
Do not handle or operate electrical tools when your hands are wet or when you are standing on
wet floors.
10. Do not operate spark-inducing tools such as drills, saws, or grinders near containers labeled
"Flammable" or in an explosive atmosphere.
11. Do not use extension cords or other three pronged power cords that have a missing prong.
12. Do not remove the ground prong from electrical cords.
13. Do not use an adapter such as a cheater plug that eliminates the ground.
14. Do not plug multiple electrical cords into a single outlet.
27
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
Do not stand in water or on wet surfaces when operating power hand tools or portable
electrical appliances.
Do not use a power hand tool while wearing wet cotton gloves or wet leather gloves.
Never operate electrical equipment barefooted. Wear rubber-soled or insulated work boots.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance that has a frayed, worn, cut,
improperly spliced or damaged power cord.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance if a prong from the three-pronged
power plug is missing or has been removed.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance that has a two-pronged adapter or a
two-conductor extension cord.
Do not operate a power hand tool or portable appliance while holding a part of the metal
casing or while holding the extension cord in your hand. Hold all portable power tools by the
plastic handgrips or other nonconductive areas designed for gripping purposes.
General Power Saws Safety
1.
Wear the prescribed personal protective equipment such as goggles, gloves, dust masks, and
hearing protection when operating the power saw.
2.
Turn the power switch of the saw to "Off" before making measurements, adjustments or
repairs.
3.
Keep your hands away from the exposed blade.
4.
Operate the saw at full cutting speed, with a sharp blade, to prevent kickbacks.
5.
If the saw becomes jammed, turn the power switch of the saw to "Off" before pulling out the
incomplete cut.
6. Do not alter the anti-kickback device or blade guard.
Hazardous Materials
1.
Wear the chemical goggles when using, applying, or handling chemical liquids from
containers labeled "Caustic" or "Corrosive."
2.
Follow the instructions on the label and in the corresponding Material Safety Data Sheet
(MSDS) for each chemical product you will be using in your workplace.
3.
Use personal protective clothing or equipment such as neoprene gloves, rubber boots, shoe
covers, rubber aprons, and protective eyewear, when using chemicals labeled "Flammable",
"Corrosive", "Caustic" or "Poisonous."
4.
Always use your chemical goggles and the face shield when handling chemicals labeled
"Corrosive" or "Caustic."
5.
Do not use protective clothing or equipment that has split seams, pinholes, cuts, tears, or other
visible signs of damage.
6.
Each time you use your gloves, wash them, before removing the gloves, using cold tap water
and normal hand washing motion. Always wash your hands after removing the gloves.
7.
Only dispense a liquid labeled "Flammable" from its bulk container located in areas posted
"Flammable Liquid Storage."
8.
Do not use chemicals from unlabeled containers or unmarked cylinders.
9.
Do not drag containers labeled "Flammable."
10. Do not store chemical containers labeled "Oxidizer" with containers labeled "Corrosive" or
"Caustic."
28
General Hand Tool Safety
1. Use tied off containers to keep tools from falling off of scaffolds and other elevated work
platforms.
2.
Carry all sharp tools in a sheath or holster.
3.
Tag worn, damaged, or defective tools "Out of Service" and do not use them.
4.
Do not use a tool if its handle has splinters, burrs, cracks, and splits or if the head of the tool is
loose.
5.
Do not use impact tools such as hammers, chisels, or steel stakes that have mushroomed
heads.
6.
Do not perform "make-shift" repairs to tools.
7.
Do not carry tools in your hand when you are climbing. Carry tools in tool belts or hoist the
tools to the work area using a hand line.
8.
Do not throw tools from one location to another or from one employee to another.
9.
Transport hand tools only in toolboxes or tool belts. Do not carry tools in your clothing.
Hammers
1.
Do not strike nails or other objects with the "cheek" of the hammer.
2.
Do not strike a hardened steel surface, such as a cold chisel, with a claw hammer.
3.
Do not strike one hammer against another hammer.
4.
Do not use a hammer if your hands are oily, greasy, or wet.
5.
Do not use a hammer as a wedge or a pry bar.
Saws
1. Keep control of saws by releasing downward pressure at the end of the stroke.
2.
Do not use an adjustable blade saw if the blade is not taut.
3.
Do not use a saw that has dull saw blades.
4.
Oil saw blades after each use of the saw.
5.
Keep your hands and fingers away from the saw blade while you are using the saw.
6.
Do not carry a saw by the blade.
7.
When using the handsaw, hold the work piece firmly against the work table.
Screwdrivers
1.
Always match the size and type of screwdriver blade to fit the head of the screw.
2.
Do not hold the work piece against your body while using a screwdriver.
3.
Do not put your fingers near the blade of the screwdriver when tightening a screw.
4.
Use a drill, nail, or an awl to make a starting hole for screws.
5.
Do not force a screwdriver by using a hammer or pliers on it.
6. Do not use a screwdriver as a punch, chisel, pry bar or nail puller.
7.
When you are performing electrical work, use the screwdriver that has the blue handle; this
screwdriver is insulated.
8. Do not use a screwdriver if your hands are wet, oily, or greasy.
Wrenches
1.
Do not use wrenches that are bent, cracked or badly chipped or that have loose or broken
handles.
2.
Do not use a shim to make a wrench fit.
3.
Use a split box wrench on flare nuts.
4. Do not use a wrench that has broken or battered points.
29
5.
6.
Discard any wrench that has spread, nicked or battered jaws or if the handle is bent.
Use box or socket wrenches on hexagon nuts and bolts as a first choice, and open-end
wrenches as a second choice.
Pliers
1.
Do not use pliers as a wrench or a hammer.
2.
Do not attempt to force pliers by using a hammer on them.
3.
When you are performing electrical work, use the pliers that have the blue rubber sleeves
covering the handle; these pliers are insulated.
4.
Do not use pliers that are cracked, broken, or sprung.
5.
When using the diagonal cutting pliers, shield the loose pieces of cut material from flying into
the air by using a cloth or your gloved hand.
Clamps
1.
Do not use the C-clamp for hoisting materials.
2.
Do not use the C-clamp as a permanent fastening device.
Metal Snips
1. Wear your safety glasses or safety goggles when using snips to cut materials.
2.
Wear your work gloves when cutting materials with snips.
3.
Do not use straight cut snips to cut curves.
4.
Keep the blade aligned by tightening the nut and bolt on the snips.
5.
Do not use snips as a hammer, screwdriver, or pry bar.
Tool Boxes/Chests/Cabinets
1.
Use the handle when opening and closing a drawer or door of a toolbox, chest, or cabinet.
2.
Do not stand on toolboxes, chests, or cabinets to gain extra height.
3.
Lock the wheels on large toolboxes, chests, or cabinets to prevent them from rolling.
4.
Push large chests, cabinets, and toolboxes; do not pull them.
5.
Do not open more than one drawer of a toolbox at a time.
6.
Close and lock all drawers and doors before moving the tool chest to a new location.
7. Do not use a toolbox or chest as a workbench.
8.
Do not move a toolbox, chest, or cabinet if it has loose tools or parts on the top.
Vehicle Safety - General
1.
Turn the vehicle off before fueling it.
2.
Do not smoke while fueling a vehicle.
3.
Wash hands with soap and water if you spill gasoline on your hands.
4.
Shut your door and fasten your seat belt before moving the vehicle.
5.
Obey all traffic laws and signals at all times.
6.
Maintain a three-point contact using hands and one foot or both feet and one hand when
climbing into and out of vehicles.
7.
Only service vehicle personnel are permitted to operate a service vehicle.
8.
Do not ride in the bed of a pick-up truck.
9. Turn headlights on when driving inside the shop area or on parking decks.
10. Do not drive over 5 mph in the shop area.
30
11.
Walk behind the vehicle and remove any equipment, tools, or other pathway instructions
before getting into the vehicle. Sound the horn to alert nearby coworkers before backing the
vehicle.
12. Tie down, lash, or secure all materials and equipment hauled in the bed of vehicles.
13. Do not mount or dismount a moving vehicle.
Lift-gates
1.
Do not place items such as an air-conditioning units or heating units anywhere on the lift-gate
where it cannot be moved by a dolly.
2.
Secure equipment on the truck by using latches or rope.
3.
Keep hands, fingers, and arms away from the edge of the lift-gate platform.
4.
Do not lower the lift-gate until everyone is clear of its landing area.
Vehicle/Trailer Safety
1.
Set the parking brake in the towing vehicle and use wheel blocks to chock the wheels of the
trailer before removing any equipment from the trailer.
2.
Secure equipment and fuel tanks to the vehicle with chains or straps to eliminate or minimize
shifting of the load.
3.
No one is permitted to ride in the trailer.
4.
Take slow, wide turns when towing trailers.
5. Do not exceed the load capacity as posted on the trailer door of the trailer.
6.
Do not place all the heavy equipment on one side of the trailer.
WAREHOUSE PERSONNEL
General Storeroom/Stockroom Safety
1.
Wear leather gloves when handling materials such as copper or aluminum wire.
2.
Do not attempt to catch falling materials.
3. Do not try to kick objects out of pathways. Push or carry them out of the way.
4.
Move slowly when approaching blind corners.
5.
Do not run on stairs or take more than one step at a time.
6.
Do not jump from elevated places such as truck beds, platforms or ladders.
7.
Do not lift slippery or wet objects; use a hand truck.
8.
Visually inspect for sharp objects or other hazards before reaching into containers such as
garbage cans, boxes, bags, or sinks.
9.
Remove or bend nails and staples from crates before unpacking the crates.
10. When cutting shrink-wrap with a blade, always cut away from you and your co-workers.
11. Straighten or remove rugs and mats that do not lie flat on the floor.
12. Use caution signs or cones to barricade slippery areas such as freshly mopped floors.
13. Obey all safety and danger signs posted in the workplace.
Stocking Shelves
1.
When stocking shelves by hand, position the materials to be shelved slightly in front of you,
so you do not have to twist when lifting and stacking materials.
2.
Place items on shelves so that they lie flat and do not wobble.
3.
Place heavier loads on the lower or middle shelves.
4.
Do not stack bulky merchandise on crushed boxes.
5.
Do not let items overhang from shelves into walkways.
31
6.
7.
Remove one object at a time from shelves.
Do not climb the racking to stock or retrieve merchandise; use a ladder.
Hand Truck Operations
1.
When loading hand trucks, keep your feet clear of the wheels.
2.
Do not exceed the manufacturer's load rated capacity. Read the capacity plate on the hand
truck if you are unsure.
3.
Place the load so that it will not slip, shift, or fall. Use the straps, if they are provided, to
secure the load.
4.
For extremely bulky items, such as air-conditioning units or heating units, strap or chain the
items to the hand truck.
5.
Tip the load slightly forward so that the tongue of the hand truck goes under the load.
6.
Push the tongue of the hand truck all the way under the load that is to be moved.
7.
Keep the center of gravity of the load as low as possible by placing heavier objects below the
lighter objects.
8.
Push the load so that the weight will be carried by the axle and not the handles.
9.
If your view is obstructed, ask a spotter to assist in guiding the load.
10. Do not walk backward with the hand truck, unless going up stairs or ramps.
11. When going down an incline, keep the hand truck in front of you so that it can be controlled at
all times.
12. Move hand trucks at a walking pace.
13. Store hand trucks with the tongue under a pallet, shelf, or table.
Pallet Jacks
1.
Only pallet jack operators may operate pallet jacks.
2.
Do not exceed the manufacturer's load rated capacity. Read the lift capacity plate on the pallet
jack if you are unsure.
3.
Do not ride on pallet jacks.
4.
Start and stop the pallet jack gradually to prevent the load from slipping.
5.
Pull manual pallet jacks; push them when going down an incline or passing close to walls or
obstacles.
6.
If your view is obstructed, ask a spotter to assist in guiding the load.
7.
Stop the pallet jack if anyone gets in your way.
8.
Never place your feet under the pallet jack.
General Hand Tool Safety
1.
Tag worn, damaged, or defective tools "Out of Service" and do not use them.
2.
Do not use a tool if its handle has splinters, burrs, cracks, and splits or if the head of the tool is
loose.
3.
Do not use impact tools such as hammers, chisels, punches or steel stakes that have
mushroomed heads.
4.
When handing a tool to another person, direct sharp points, and cutting edges away from
yourself and the other person.
5.
Do not carry sharp or pointed hand tools such as screwdrivers, scribes, snips, scrapers, chisels,
or files in your pocket unless the tool or your pocket is sheathed.
6.
Do not perform "make-shift" repairs to tools.
7.
Do not throw tools from one location to another or from one employee to another.
8.
Transport hand tools only in toolboxes or tool belts. Do not carry tools in your clothing.
32
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