Planet Technology 802.11n User's Manual

Planet Technology 802.11n User's Manual
802.11n Wireless PCI Express Adapter
User’s Manual
Version: 1.00
Date: November 2007
© 2007 by PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of PLANET.
PLANET makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to
the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any
particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is". Should
the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not PLANET, its
distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any
incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further,
PLANET reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in
the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
1. Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2. Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3. Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
4. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio technician for help.
FCC Caution
To assure continued compliance. (example-use only shielded interface cables when
connecting to computer or peripheral devices). Any changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the Following two
conditions: ( 1 ) This device may not cause harmful interference, and ( 2 ) this Device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation
Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency exposure
limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20 cm (8 inches) during normal
R&TTE Compliance Statement
This equipment complies with all the requirements of DIRECTIVE 1999/5/CE OF THE
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and
telecommunication terminal Equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity (R&TTE).
The R&TTE Directive repeals and replaces in the directive 98/13/EEC (Telecommunications
Terminal Equipment and Satellite Earth Station Equipment) As of April 8,2000.
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and use it.
However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static electricity
when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and of the computer manufacture
must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of the equipment.
EU Countries Intended for Use
The ETSI version of this device is intended for home and office use in Austria Belgium,
Denmark, Finland, and France (with Frequency channel restrictions). Germany, Greece,
Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg .The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom.
The ETSI version of this device is also authorized for use in EFTA member states Iceland,
Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
WEEE regulation
To avoid the potential effects on the environment and human health as a result of
the presence of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment,
end users of electrical and electronic equipment should understand the meaning
of the crossed-out wheeled bin symbol. Do not dispose of WEEE as unsorted
municipal waste and have to collect such WEEE separately.
User’s Manual for PLANET 802.11n Wireless PCI Express Adapter
Model: WNL-9500
Rev: 1.0 (November 2007)
Part No. EM-WNL9500
Chapter 1: Introduction ................................................................................ 6
1-1 Features.........................................................................................................6
1-2 Safety Information ........................................................................................7
1-3 Specification ..................................................................................................8
1-4 Package Contents ........................................................................................8
1-5 Hardware Intro ..............................................................................................9
Chapter 2: Installation................................................................................. 10
2-1 Hardware Installation .................................................................................10
2-2 Utility Installation.........................................................................................12
Chapter 3: General Configuration ........................................................... 16
3-1 Connection Profile Management .............................................................16
3-1-1 Make a profile for an access point or wireless device ..............16
3-1-2 Using 802.1x – Certification ..........................................................24
3-1-3 Using 802.1x - CA Server ..............................................................26
3-2 Site Syrvey ..................................................................................................27
3-3 View Network Link Status and Statistics .................................................30
3-3-1 Link Status........................................................................................30
3-3-2 Statistics ...........................................................................................32
3-4 Advanced Settings .....................................................................................33
3-5 QoS Setting .................................................................................................36
3-6 WPS Configuration.....................................................................................37
3-6-1 WPS Setup - PBC (Push-Button Configuration) ........................38
3-6-2 WPS Setup - PIN ............................................................................42
3-7 About ............................................................................................................46
Chapter 4: Soft-AP Function ..................................................................... 47
4-1 Switch to AP Mode and Basic Configuration..........................................47
4-2 Security Settings.........................................................................................51
4-3 Access Control ............................................................................................52
4-4 Connection table.........................................................................................54
4-5 Event Log.....................................................................................................56
4-6 Statistics.......................................................................................................57
CHAPTER 5: APPENDIX .......................................................................... 58
5-1 Troubleshooting ..........................................................................................58
5-2 Glossary.......................................................................................................60
Chapter 1: Introduction
For higher wireless transfer performance, we are glad to introduce the PLANET 802.11n
wireless PCI Express adapter – WNL-9500. It is a PCI Express wireless adapter that can
operate in either Ad-Hoc mode (Point to Point/Point to Multipoint without an Access Point) or
Infrastructure mode (Point to Point/Point to Multipoint with an Access Point) 2.4GHz frequency
band; it’s backward compatible with 802.11b and 802.11g for users to create a new wireless
environment based on the existing wireless network. With integrating the latest innovative
802.11n technology, the maximum data rate of WNL-9500 is up to 300Mbps which is almost
six times of standard G.
Featuring smart antenna technology, the 802.11n design helps combat distortion and
interference, so this Network Card can send its data streams with greater distances and be
more reliable. The WNL-9500 supports the most convenient security, ” Wi-Fi Protected Setup
(WPS) “which is the way to build connection between wireless network clients and this
wireless router. This WNL-9500 supports two types of WPS, Push-Button Configuration (PBC)
and PIN code (key Wireless adapter card pin number).
For WLAN security issues, the WNL-9500 supports 64/128-bit WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
and WPA/WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access) for securing wireless network connections. The
driver and utility support most popular operating systems, Windows 2000 / XP and Vista. With
advanced features and high performance capability, the WNL-9500 is an excellent choice for
constructing a wide range of wireless solutions.
The power consumption of the card is also very low. This card provides several levels of power
saving modes allowing user customizes the way of saving the power from his/her portable or
handheld devices.
1-1 Features
Compliant with PCI Express 1.0a - x1 PCI Express standard
2.4GHz ISM band, unlicensed operation
Supports Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) utility and hardware button
Compliant with IEEE 802.11b, IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11n (draft 2.0)
802.11n provides up to 300Mbps data rate
Support 64/128-bit WEP , WAP/WAP2 , and WPA/WPA2-PSK high-level security
Support Ad-Hoc (support 802.11b and 802.11b/g mode) / Infrastructure mode (support
802.11b , 802.11b/g and 802.11b/g/n mix mode)
Support WMM (WiFi Multi-Media) function to meet the multi-media data bandwidth
requirement. (the connected AP and the application must support WMM as well)
Support of Power Save mode
High-efficiency antenna expands the scope of your wireless network
QoS function: Control the bandwidth required for different applications
Support of most popular operating systems including Windows 2000 / XP / 2003 server
and Vista
Smart Antenna Technology with 2 transmit and 3 receive antennas
1-2 Safety Information
In order to keep the safety of users and your properties, please follow the safety instructions:
1. This wireless network card is designed for indoor use only. DO NOT expose this network
card to direct sun light, rain, or snow.
2. DO NOT put this network card at or near hot or humid places, like kitchen or bathroom. Also,
do not left this wireless network card in the car in summer.
3. This network card is small enough to put in a child’s mouth, and it could cause serious injury
or could be fatal. If they throw the network card, the card will be damaged. PLEASE KEEP
4. This network card will become hot when being used for long time (This is normal and is not
a malfunction). DO NOT put the network card on a paper, cloth, or other flammable objects
after the network card has been used for a long time.
5. There’s no user-serviceable part inside the network card. If you found that the network card
is not working properly, please contact your dealer of purchase and ask for help. DO NOT
disassemble the network card by your self, warranty will be void.
6. If the network card falls into water, DO NOT USE IT AGAIN BEFORE YOU SEND THE
7. If you smell something strange or even see some smoke coming out from the network card,
switch the computer off immediately, and call dealer of purchase for help.
1-3 Specification
PCI Express 1.0a – x1 PCI Express
Standards Conformance
Compliant with 802.11b / 802.11g / 802.11n (draft 2.0)
IEEE 802.11b: 11/5.5/2/1M
IEEE 802.11g: 54/48/36/24/18/12/9/6
IEEE 802.11n:
300/270/243/240/216/180/162/120/108Mbps in 40Mhz mode
145/130/117/104/ 78Mbps in 20Mhz mode
Infrastructure Mode, Ad-Hoc Mode
802.11b: DSSS, CCK, QPSK, BPSK
802.11g: OFDM
802.11n: 64QAM, 16QAM, QPSK, BPSK
11b mode: 14-16dBm
11g mode: 14-16dBm
11n mode: 12-14dBm
Tx/Rx, Link
2.412~2.462GHz(FCC, Canada)/11 Channels
2.412~2.4835GHz(Japan, TELEC)/14 Channels
2.412~2.472GHz(Euro ETSI)/13 Channels
Data Transfer Rate
Operating Mode
RF Modulation
Media Access Protocol
Output Power
LED Indicators
Built-in utility or Windows XP Zero Configuration utility
Operating systems
Windows 2000 / XP / 2003 server / Vista
Environmental & Mechanical Characteristics
Operating Humidity
Operating: 0 - 55 degree C
Storage: -20 - 70 degree C
Operating: 0 ~ 85%
Storage: 0 ~ 95% Non-Condensing
120×45 mm (Non-Bracket)
1-4 Package Contents
Before you begin the installation, please check the items of your package. The package should
include the following items:
1 x WNL-9500
3 x External Antenna
1 x Driver and User's manual CD
1 x Quick Installation Guide
If any of the above items is missing, contact your supplier as soon as possible.
1-5 Hardware Intro
PCI Express Interface
WPS Button
Antenna Connectors (3x)
‘Link’ LED
‘Tx/Rx’ LED
LED Name
Light Status
Linked to a wireless access point
Not linked to any wireless access point
Transferring / receiving data
No wireless activity
Chapter 2: Installation
2-1 Hardware Installation
SWITCH THE COMPUTER OFF, remove the cover and insert the wireless network card
into an empty PCIe slot of your computer.
Tip: It’s recommended to touch some metal material before installing the network card,
or the static on your body may damage the components on network card and computer.
Fasten the antennas to the antenna connectors on the network card by clockwise
You can bend the antenna to fit actual needs:
To improve radio reception, please adjust antennas to the position shown in the picture.
Rear view
Top view
Side view
2-2 Utility Installation
Note 1: If you had ever installed the other Wireless Cards before, please uninstall
the existed drivers and utilities first.
Note 2: The installation below is performed in Windows XP system. The
installations in Windows 2000 and Vista are silimar.
1. Power on the computer. The system will find the new hardware and display the below
message. Click “Cancel” to skip.
2. Insert the bundled CD into the CD-ROM drive to launch the auto run program. Once
completed, a menu screen will appear.
3. Click the “2000/XP Utility” hyperlink to initiate the install wizard.
4. Read the License Agreement carefully. Click “Yes” to accept it and continue.
5. It is suggested to use “PLANET Configuration Tool”, which provides fully access to all
functions, to manage the WNL-9500. Click “Next” to continue.
6. There are two wireless performance mode you can select here:
Optimize for WiFi mode
Optimize for performance mode
If you want to enhance wireless performance, please select ‘Optimize for performance
mode’. However, wireless compatibility is not guaranteed in this mode. If you want to use
this mode, you may not be able to communicate with older wireless devices and wireless
access point, such as 802.11b devices, but the data transfer rate will be enhanced in this
mode. You can select this mode when you only plan to communicate with 802.11 Draft-N
If you want to keep compatibility and communicate with older wireless devices, please
select ‘Optimize for WiFi Mode’.
After you finish the selection, please click ‘Next’ to continue. If you see ‘Found New
Hardware’ message again, please ignore it and wait.
7. Click “Install” to begin the installation.
8. Please click “Finish” to finish the installation.
Chapter 3: General Configuration
The Configuration Utility appears as an icon on the system tray of Windows while the card is
running. You can open the utility by double-click on the icon.
Right click the icon; there are some items for you to operate the configuration utility.
Lauch Config Utilities: open the Configuration Utility tool.
Use Zero Configuration as Configuration Utility: use Windows XP built-in wireless
configuration utility (Windows Zero Configuration) to configure the card.
Switch to AP Mode: the WNL-9500 can act as an AP. Please refer to next chapter for details.
Exit: close the Configuration Utility tool.
3-1 Connection Profile Management
If you need to connect to different wireless access points at different time, like to access point
of your home, office, cybercafe, or public wireless service, you can store the connection
parameters (encryption, passphrase, security etc, etc.) as a profile for every access point, so
you don’t have to input these parameters every time you want to connect to a specific wireless
access point.
3-1-1 Make a profile for an access point or wireless device
There are two ways to add a new connection profile:
Create a new profile,
Add a profile from an existing wireless access point or wireless device
If you want to click new profile, click ‘Profile’ tab, then click ‘Add’ button:
Profiles List
The profiles list display all the profiles and the relative settings of the
profiles including Profile Name, SSID, Channel, etc.
This sign indicates the activated profile is been connecting.
This sign indicates the activated profile is not been connecting.
Add/Delete/Edit Button
Click these buttons to add/delete/edit the selected profiles.
Activate Button
Click “Activate” to connect to the selected profile. When a profile is
activated, the card will be initially connected to the profile.
Or, you can add a connected wireless access point or wireless device to a profile by clicking
‘Site Survey’ tab, then click ‘Add to Profile’ button:
And you can set the parameter for this profile here:
Profile Name
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify the different
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional merging of two
co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the card and then only the device with the
same SSID can interconnect to the card. If you want to add the network
nearby to the profile list, pull down the menu, all the networks will be
listed for you to add one of them to the profile list.
PSM (Power Saving Mode)
The power saving function is only available when the network type is in
CAM (Constantly Awake Mode) – The card will always set in active
PSM (Power Saving Mode) – Enable the card in the power saving mode
when it is idle.
Network Type
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of an
802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the Access Point or
Ad-Hoc – Select this mode if you want to connect to another wireless
station in the Wireless LAN network without through an Access Point or
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for communication
among wireless devices. This option is only active in the Ad Hoc network.
There are two modes including Auto and Long Preamble. If “Auto“mode
is selected, the card will auto switch the preamble mode depending on
the wireless devices the card is connecting to.
RTS Threshold
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To Send). For
packets smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not sent and the packet is
transmitted directly to the wireless network. Select a setting within a
range of 0 to 2347 bytes. Minor change is recommended.
Fragment Threshold
The value defines the maximum size of packets; any packet size larger
than the value will be fragmented. If you have decreased this value and
experience high packet error rates, you can increase it again, but it will
likely decrease overall network performance. Select a setting within a
range of 256 to 2346 bytes. Minor change is recommended.
Authentication Type
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks that the card
intends to connect.
Open – No authentication is needed among the wireless network.
Shared – Only wireless devices using a shared key (WEP Key identified) are
allowed to connecting each other.
LEAP – LEAP is a pre-EAP, Cisco-proprietary protocol, with many of the
features of EAP protocols. Cisco controls the ability of other vendors to
implement this protocol, so it should be selected for use only when limited
vendor choice for client, access-point, and server products is not a concern.
If you select ‘LEAP’, the following message will be displayed. Please input
LEAP identity, password, domain name, and select encryption type. You can
check ‘Show Password’ box so the password you inputted will be displayed
as you type, but not replace by asterisk.
WPA – WPA provides a scheme of mutual authentication using either IEEE
802.1x/Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) authentication or pre-shared
key (PSK) technology. It provides a high level of assurance to enterprises,
small businesses and home users that data will remain protected and that
only authorized users may access their networks. For enterprises that have
already deployed IEEE 802.1x authentication, WPA offers the advantage of
leveraging existing authentication databases and infrastructure.
WPA-PSK – It is a special mode designed for home and small business users
who do not have access to network authentication servers. In this mode,
known as Pre-Shared Key, the user manually enters the starting password in
their access point or gateway, as well as in each wireless station in the
network. WPA-PSK takes over automatically from that point, keeping
unauthorized users that don't have the matching password from joining the
network, while encrypting the data traveling between authorized devices.
WPA2 – Like WPA, WPA2 supports IEEE 802.1 x/EAP authentications or
PSK technology. It also includes a new advanced encryption mechanism
using the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). AES is required to the
corporate user or government users. The difference between WPA and WPA2
is that WPA2 provides data encryption via the AES. In contrast, WPA uses
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
WPA2-PSK – WPA2-PSK is also for home and small business. The difference
between WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK is that WPA2-PSK provides data
encryption via the AES. In contrast, WPA-PSK uses Temporal Key Integrity
Protocol (TKIP).
Use 802.1x
Enable 802.1x wireless authentication. Please click ‘802.1x Setting’ button to
set 802.1x parameters. (See next section).
Encryption Mode
None – Disable the encryption mode.
WEP – Enable the WEP Data Encryption. When the item is selected, you
have to continue setting the WEP Encryption keys.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the temporal key
every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of message transmitted over a
network.) This insures much greater security than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest degree of security and
authenticity for digital information and it is the most advanced solution defined
by IEEE 802.11i for the security in the wireless network.
Note: All devices in the network should use the same encryption method to
ensure the communication.
WPA Pre-Shared Key
The WPA-PSK key can be from 8 to 64 characters and can be letters or
numbers. This same key must be used on all of the wireless stations in the
(Key1 ~ Key4)
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network.
There are two types of key length: 64-bit and 128-bit. Select the default
encryption key from Key 1 to Key 4 by selected the radio button.
Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit – Input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or 5-digit
ASCII characters (including “a-z” and “0-9”) as the encryption keys. For
example: “0123456aef“ or “test1”.
128-bit – Input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or
13-digit ASCII characters (including “a-z” and “0-9”) as the encryption keys.
For example: “01234567890123456789abcdef“ or “administrator”.
After you finish all settings, click ‘OK’ to save settings and exit. The profile you just created will
be displayed:
Select the profile you wish to use, and click ‘Activate’ to use the profile you selected. You can
only activate a profile a time, and the profile which is activated currently will have a green
check (
) before its name. If the wireless access point is not reachable, a red check (
will be displayed before its name.
If you want to change the connection parameters of a specific profile, just select it and click
‘Edit’ button, you’ll be prompted to input the connection parameters, just like you’re creating a
new profile.
If you no longer need a profile, select the profile then click ‘Delete’.
3-1-2 Using 802.1x – Certification
After you click ‘802.1x Setting’, a new window will appear:
Authentication Type
The EAP authentication protocols this card has supported are included as
follows. This setting has to be consistent with the wireless APs or Routers
that the card intends to connect.
PEAP &TTLS – PEAP and TTLS are similar and easier than TLS in that
they specify a stand-alone authentication protocol be used within an
encrypted tunnel. TTLS supports any protocol within its tunnel, including
CHAP, MS-CHAP, MS-CHAPv2, PAP and EAP-MD5. PEAP specifies that
an EAP-compliant authentication protocol must be used; this card
supports EAP-MSCHAP v2, EAP-TLS/Smart card and Generic Token
Card. The client certificate is optional required for the authentication.
TLS/Smart Card –TLS is the most secure of the EAP protocols but not
easy to use. It requires that digital certificates be exchanged in the
authentication phase. The server presents a certificate to the client. After
validating the server’s certificate, the client presents a client certificate to
the server for validation.
MD5-Challenge – MD5-Challenge is the easiest EAP Type. It requires
the wireless station to enter a set of user name and password as the
identity to RADIUS Server.
Session Resumption
There are “Disabled”, “Reauthentication”, “Roaming”, “SameSsid” and
“Always” selections for you to choose whether to recovery the session in
different status.
Enter the name as the identity for the server.
Enter the password as the identity for the server.
Use Client Certificate
A client certificate is required for TLS, and is optional for TTLS and PEAP.
This forces a client certificate to be selected from the appropriate
Windows Certificate Store and made available to the RADIUS server for
Tunneled Authentication
When the authentication type is PEAP or TTLS, select a protocol to be
used to build the encrypted tunnel.
This is the protected user EAP Identity used for authentication. The
identity specified may contain up to 63 ASCII characters, is case sensitive
and takes the form of a Network Access Identifier, consisting of <name of
the user>@<user’s home realm>. The user’s home realm is optional and
indicates the routing domain.
The password used for authentication. It may contain up to 63 ASCII
characters and is case sensitive.
3-1-3 Using 802.1x - CA Server
If you want to use CA server, please click ‘CA Server’ tab. And the following message will be
Use Certificate Chain
When the EAP authentication type such as TLS, TTLS or PEAP is
selected and required a certification to tell the client what server
credentials to accept from the authentication server in order to
verify the server, you have to enable this function.
Certificate Issuer
Choose the server from the list to issue the certificate. If “Any
Trusted CA” is selected, any CA included in the list (provided by
the Microsoft Certificate Store) is permitted.
Allow Intermediate Certificates
A server designates an issuer as a trusted root authority by
placing the issuer's self-signed certificate, which contains the
issuer's public key, into the trusted root certification authority
certificate store of the host computer. Intermediate or subordinate
certification authorities are trusted only if they have a valid
certification path from a trusted root certification authority.
Server Name
Enter the authentication server name.
Server name must match exactly
When selected, the server name must match exactly the server
name found on the certificate.
Domain name must end in
specified name
When selected, the server name field identifies a domain. The
certificate must use a server name belonging to this domain or to
one of its sub-domains (e.g., where the server is but it may be any name used in the
certificate name field.
3-2 Site Syrvey
From the “Site Survey” screen, all the networks nearby will be listed. You can change the
connection to another network or add one of the networks to your own profile list.
Available Networks
This list shows all available wireless networks within range of your
card. It also displays the information of the networks including the
SSID, BSSID, Signal Strength, Channel, Encryption,
Authentication and Network Type. If you want to connect to any
networks on the list, double-click the item on the list, and the card
will automatically connect to the selected network.
Rescan Button
Click “Rescan” button to collect the new information of all the
wireless networks nearby.
Connect Button
Click “Connect” to connect to the selected network.
Add to Profile Button
Add the selected network to Profiles list.
1. If the access point you selected does not enable encryption (The content of ‘Encryption’ field
of the access point you selected is ‘None’, you’ll be connected to this wireless access point
within one minute.
2. If the access point you selected enables encryption, please proceed to next step.
3. If the wireless access point does not have SSID, you’ll be prompted to input it here. Please
ask the administrator of this AP and input the exact SSID here, then click ‘OK’ when ready. If
the SSID you provided here is wrong, you’ll not be able to connect to this access point.
If the wireless access point you selected have SSID, please skip this step.
4. If the AP uses encryption, you have to input WEP passphrase or WPA preshared key.
Please ask the administrator, and input the correct passphrase / preshared key here, then click
‘OK’. If the value you inputted here is wrong, you will not be able to connect to this wireless
access point.
Authentication type is selected automatically, please don’t change it.
If the access point you selected does not enable encryption and does not require
authentication, please skip this step.
5. You’ll see ‘Connected <-> SSID’ (‘SSID’ is the SSID of the AP you connected to) message
displayed at lower-left corner of configuration utility. Now, you’re successfully connected to the
access point or wireless device you selected!
3-3 View Network Link Status and Statistics
The configuration utility provides information about network statistics and link status.
3-3-1 Link Status
Display the SSID and MAC ID of the network the card is connecting to.
Extra Info
Display the link status.
Display the number of the radio channel and the frequency used for the
Link Speed (Mbps)
Display the transmission and reception rate of the network.
Throughput (Kbits/sec)
Display the speed of data transmitted and received.
Link Quality
This bar indicates the quality of the link. The higher the percentage, the
better the quality.
If you want to know the signal strength in the unit of dBm, select this check
Signal Strength
This bar shows the signal strength level. The higher percentage shown in
the bar, the more radio signal been received by the card. This indicator
helps to find the proper position of the wireless device for quality network
Noise Level
Display the noise level in the wireless environment.
3-3-2 Statistics
All connection-related statistics is displayed here. You can click ‘Reset Counter’ to reset the
statistics of all items back to 0.
3-4 Advanced Settings
Wireless Mode
802.11 B/G/N mix – If you have a mix of 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n
wireless stations in your network, It is to maximize wireless compatibility
with wireless access points and other wireless devices. it is
recommended to setting the card to this mode. This mode is also the
default setting.
802.11 B/G mix – If you have a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
stations in your network, it is recommended to setting the card to this
802.11 B only – This card can be compatible with both 802.11g and
802.11b wireless stations. If there are only 802.11b wireless stations in
the network, you can set the card to this mode.
Wireless Protection
If you have a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g wireless stations in the network,
it is recommended to enable the protection mechanism. This mechanism
can decrease the rate of data collision between 802.11b and 802.11g
wireless stations. When the protection mode is enabled, the throughput of
the card will be a little lower due to many of frame traffic should be
Auto – Based on the status of the network and automatically
disable/enable protection mode.
On – Always enable the protection mode.
Off – Always disable the protection mode.
Tx Burst enables the card to deliver the better throughput in the same
period and environment. This feature only takes effect when the
connected AP also supports Tx Burst.
Enable TCP Window Size
The TCP Window is the amount of data a sender can send on a particular
connection before it gets an acknowledgment back from the receiver that
it has gotten some of it. This feature only takes effect when the connected
AP also supports TCP Window Size. The larger TCP Window the better
Fast Roaming at -70dBm
When you want to fast roaming to the network nearby without intercepting
the wireless connection especially the card is applied to the multimedia
application or a voice call, you can enable the parameter. The card will
fast roaming to the near network when the receive sensitivity (signal
strength) is lower to the value you have set up.
Turn Off RF Button
If you want to turn off the radio of the card temporarily, click this button. To
turn on the radio, click this button again.
Show Authentication Status When your computer is being authenticated by wireless authentication
server, a dialog window with the process of authentication will appear.
This function is helpful to find out the problem when you can not be
authenticated, and you can provide this information to authentication
server’s administrator for debugging purpose.
Enable CCX
Enable Cisco Compatible eXtensions. CCX is a wireless feature
developed by Cisco used to improve the wireless performance with CCX
compatible wireless devices. Check this box if you need to connect to
CCX-compatible wireless devices.
Turn on CCKM
During normal operation, LEAP-enabled client devices mutually
authenticate with a new access point by performing a complete LEAP
authentication, including communication with the main RADIUS server.
When you configure your wireless LAN for fast re-association, however,
LEAP-enabled client devices roam from one access point to another
without involving the main server. Using Cisco Centralized Key
Management (CCKM), an access point configured to provide Wireless
Domain Services (WDS) takes the place of the RADIUS server and
authenticates the client so quickly that there is no perceptible delay in
voice or other time-sensitive applications.
Enable Radio
When this parameter is enabled, the Cisco AP can run the radio
monitoring through the associated CCX-compliant clients to continuously
monitor the WLAN radio environment and discover any new APs that are
transmitting beacons.
Non-Serving Channel
The Cisco AP can perform monitoring measurements through the
CCX-compliant clients on the non-serving channels when this parameter
is enabled.
milliseconds It limits the channel measurement time. The default value is 250
After you finish the settings, click ‘Apply’ to apply new settings, and click ‘OK’ to close
configuration utility.
Note: This function does not support in Windows VISTA.
3-5 QoS Setting
This wireless network card provides QoS (Quality of Service) function, which can improve the
performance of certain network applications, like audio / video streaming, network telephony
(VoIP), and others. When you enable WMM (Wi-Fi MultiMedia) function of this network card,
you can define the priority of different kinds of data, to give higher priority to applications which
require instant responding. Therefore you can improve the performance of such network
WMM Enable
Check this box to enable WMM function. Please click ‘Apply’
button on the right of this check box after you check or uncheck
this box, so corresponding settings in this window will be activated
or deactivated respectively.
WMM - Power Save Enable
Enable WMM power saving mode to save energy and lets your
battery live longer.
Click this button to select the WMM data type which will suppress
the function of power saving. When this kind of data is
transferring, power saving function will be disabled. Available data
types are AC_BK (Background / Low Priority), AC_BE (Best
Effort), AC_VI (Video First), and AC_VO (Voice First).
Direct Link Setup Enable
Enable or disable direct link setup (DLS) function. This function
will greatly improve the data transfer rate between WMM-enabled
wireless devices. Please click ‘Apply’ button on the right of this
check box after you check or uncheck this box, so corresponding
settings in this window will be activated or deactivated
MAC Address
Input the MAC address of another WMM-enabled wireless device
you wish to establish a direct link here, then click ‘Apply’ to add
this MAC address to DLS address table.
Timeout Value
Input the timeout value of this WMM-enabled direct link wireless
device. If the wireless device is not responding after this time, it
will be removed from DLS table.
Tear Down
If you want to remove a specific wireless device from DLS table,
select the device and click this button to remove it.
Note: This function does not support in Windows VISTA.
3-6 WPS Configuration
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the latest wireless network technology which makes wireless
network setup become very simple. If you have WPS-enabled wireless access point, and you
want to establish a secure connection to it, you don’t have to configure the wireless access
point and setup data encryption. All you have to do is go to the WPS setup page of this
wireless card, click a button, and then press a specific button on the wireless access point you
wish to establish a secure connection - just three simple steps!
The WNL-9500 is compatible with WPS. To use this function, the wireless access point you
wish to connect to must support WPS function too. Now, please follow the following
instructions to establish secure connection between WPS-enabled wireless access point and
your wireless network card:
Click ‘WPS Configuration’ tab, and the following settings will appear:
3-6-1 WPS Setup - PBC (Push-Button Configuration)
1.Set ‘Config Mode’ to ‘Enrollee’, and then push the ‘WPS’ button on your wireless access
point (the button used to activate WPS standby mode may have another name), or use other
way to start WPS standby mode as the instruction given by your wireless access point’s user
2. Before you start to establish the wireless connection by using WPS, you can click ‘Rescan’
button to search for WPS-enabled access points near you, to make sure the WPS function of
your access point is activated.
3.All access points found will be displayed. Please make sure the access point you wish to
connect is displayed. If not, please click ‘Rescan’ few more times. You can also click
‘Information’ button to see the detailed information about selected access point.
4.Click ‘PBC’ button now to start to establish wireless connection by WPS, and please be
patient (This may require several seconds to one minute to complete). When you see ‘WPS
status is connected successfully’ message, it means the connection between your WNL-9500
and access point is successfully connected by WPS, and the information about access point
you connected to will be displayed.
Sometime WPS may fail, and you can click ‘PBC’ button few more times to try again. When an
access point is connected, you can click ‘Disconnect’ to disconnect your wireless network card
from a connected access point, or select another WPS-enabled wireless access point, then
click ‘Connect’ to establish connection to selected access point, if there are more than one
WPS-enabled access point found. You can also click ‘Rotate’ button, and next access point on
the list will be selected to establish connection.
If you want to delete a found access point from the list, select it and click ‘Delete’ button.
3-6-2 WPS Setup - PIN
The PIN number of your WNL-9500 is an eight-digit number located at the upper-right position
of configuration utility. Remember it, and input the number to your wireless access point as the
WPS PIN code (Please refer to the user manual of your wireless access point for instructions
about how to do this).
Click ‘PIN’ button now, and wait for few seconds to one minute. If a wireless access point with
correct PIN code is found, you’ll be connected to that access point:
You may have to click ‘PIN’ for few more times to try again. If you still can not connect to
access point by this way, please make sure the PIN code you provided to access point is
3-7 About
By choosing this option, you can click the hyperlink to connect the PLANET website. You can
also obtain basic information about the WNL-9500 such as the Driver, Utility and EEPROM
Version. The MAC Address of the card is displayed in the screen as well.
Please click ‘OK’ to close configuration utility.
Chapter 4: Soft-AP Function
Except becoming a wireless client of other wireless access points, the WNL-9500 can act as a
wireless service provider also! You can switch the WNL-9500’s operating mode to ‘AP’ mode
to simulate the function of a real wireless access point by software, and all other computers
and wireless devices can connect to your computer wirelessly, even share the internet
connection you have!
4-1 Switch to AP Mode and Basic Configuration
The operating mode of the wireless card is ‘Station Mode’ (becoming a client of other wireless
access points) by default. If you want to switch to AP mode, please right-click WNL-9500 utility
icon, and select ‘Switch to AP Mode’.
After you select ‘Switch to AP Mode’, the WNL-9500 available options will change.
If you want to switch the wireless card back to station mode (become a client of other wireless
access points), click ‘Switch to Station Mode’.
A configuration window will appear after you switch the operation mode to ‘AP’ or click ‘Launch
Config Utilities’ after you right-click the WNL-9500 configuration utility, which asks you to
assign an existing network card with internet connection:
If your computer has another network card which is connected to Internet, please select it from
‘Name’ dropdown menu, and click ‘Enable ICS’; if your computer does not have another
network card with Internet connection, please click ‘Not enable ICS’.
After you click ‘Enable ICS’ or ‘Not enable ICS’, you’ll see the basic configuration menu of the
AP function:
Please input the SSID (the name used to identify this wireless
access point) here. Up to 32 numerical characters can be
accepted here, excepting space.
Please select the wireless channel you wish to use. The number
of channels available here will vary depends on the setting of
‘Country Region Code’.
Wireless Mode
Please select the wireless operating mode. You can limit the type
of wireless client to 802.11b or 802.11g only, or allow 802.11b/g,
and 802.11b/g/n clients. It’s safe to select ‘802.11 B/G/N mix’ to
allow all kinds of wireless client to connect to your computer,
unless you want to limit the type of wireless client allowed to
connect to your computer.
Use MAC Address
Click this button to use the MAC address of the wireless card as
SSID. A prefix of ‘AP’ will be added.
Security Setting
Set the security options (wireless data encryption).
Country Region Code
Available options are 0-7, which will affect the
available wireless channels you can use:
0: FCC (US, Canada, and other countries uses FCC radio
communication standards)
1: ETSI (Europe)
4: MKK
6: ISERAL (Channel 3 to 9)
7: ISERAL (Channel 5 to 13)
The operating frequency channel will be restricted to the country /
region user located before importing
Beacon (ms)
You can define the time interval that a beacon signal should be
send. Default value is 100. Do not modify this value unless you
know what will be affected
Idle Time
Select the idle time of your wireless network card. Default value is
300. Do not modify this value unless you know what will be
No forwarding among wireless
Check this box and wireless clients will not be able to share data
Check this box and the SSID will not be broadcasted to the public.
with each other.
Your wireless clients must know the exact SSID to be able to
connect to your computer.
This option is useful to enhance security level.
Allow BW 40MHz
Check this box to allow BW 40MHz capability.
Click this button to restore all settings in this page back to default
Click this button to activate current settings.
To exit, click ‘X’ button at the upper-right corner of configuration window.
4-2 Security Settings
This wireless card supports wireless encryption in AP mode, which will encrypt the data being
transferred over the air to enhance data security level. It’s recommended to enable data
encryption unless you wish to open your computer (and its internet connection) to the public.
When you click ‘Security Setting’ in WNL-9500 configuration utility, the following window will
Authentication Type
Please select a wireless authentication type you wish to use.
Available options are ‘Open’, ‘Shared’, ‘WPA-PSK’, ‘WPA2-PSK’,
and ‘WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK’. If you want to disable wireless data
encryption, you must select ‘Open’ or ‘Shared’.
Encryption Type
Please select an encryption mode. The available options in this
setting item will vary depending on the authentication type you
select. If you select ‘Not Use’, data will not be encrypted and
people with some networking knowledge will be able to read the
data you transfer with proper tool.
NOTE: WPA encryption is safer than WEP, however, some older
wireless clients don’t support WPA encryption.
WPA Pre-shared-key
Please input the WPA pre-shared key here. Only clients with the
same pre-shared key you inputted here will be able to connect to
your computer. This setting is only available when you select one
of WPA encryptions.
Group Rekey Interval
You can specify the time interval to re-issue the key to your
wireless clients here. You can click the button ’10 seconds’ or
‘Kpackets’ to change the unit of time interval. (every 10 seconds or
a thousand data packets times the value you specified in ‘Group
Rekey Interval’ field)
WEP Key #1-4
Please input the WEP encryption key here when you select ‘WEP’
If you want to use WEP 64 bits encryption, please input 10
characters if you select HEX, or input 5 characters if you select
ASCII; If you want to use WEP 128bits encryption, please input 26
characters if you select HEX, or input 13 characters if you select
ASCII. 128 bits encryption is safer then 64 bits, but the data
transfer speed will be slightly reduced.
Show Password
Check this box and the WPA pre-shared key or WEP key you
inputted will be shown, but not replaced by asterisk (*).
Click this button to save changes you made in this page.
Click this button to discard all changes you made in this window.
4-3 Access Control
If you’re not going to open your computer and wireless resources to the public, you can use
MAC address filtering function to enforce your access control policy, so only wireless clients
with MAC address you defined by this function can be connected to your software access
Click ‘Access Control’ tab, and the following messages will appear:
Access Policy
Select the policy type of your access rule:
Disable: Allow any wireless client with proper
authentication settings to connect to this access point.
Allow All: Only allow wireless clients with MAC address listed
here to connect to this access point.
Reject All: Reject wireless clients with MAC address listed
here to be connected to this access point.
MAC Address
Input the MAC address of the wireless client you wish to allow or
reject here. No colon (:) or hyphen (-) required.
Add the MAC address you inputted in ‘MAC address’ field to the
Please select a MAC address from the list, then click ‘Delete’
button to remove it.
Remove all
Delete all MAC addresses in the list.
Save and apply changes you made.
4-4 Connection table
If you want to see the list of all wireless clients connected to this access point, please follow
the following instructions:
Click ‘Mac Table’ tab, and a list containing all connected wireless clients will appear:
MAC address
Displays the MAC address of this wireless client
The serial number of this wireless connection.
Power Saving Mode
Displays the capability of power-saving function of this wireless
Displays additional information of this wireless Connection, like
current wireless operating mode and data transfer rate.
4-5 Event Log
This software access point will log all wireless-related activities as a log. You can follow the
following instructions to view the content of the event log:
Click ‘Event Log’ tab, and the event log will be displayed:
You can click ‘Clear’ to remove all entries in the log.
4-6 Statistics
If you want to know detailed information about how your software access point works, you can
follow the following instructions to view the statistics of the access point:
Click ‘Statistics’ tab, and the event log will be displayed:
You can click ‘RESET COUNTERS’ button to reset all counters to zero.
5-1 Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the installation and
operation of the adapter.
Q. The PLANET WNL-9500 does not work properly.
1. Right click on My Computer and select Properties. Select the device manager and click on
the Network Adapter. You will find the Adapter if it is installed successfully. If you see the
yellow exclamation mark, the resources are conflicting. You will see the status of the
Adapter. If there is a yellow question mark, please check the following:
2. Make sure that your PC has a free IRQ (Interrupt Request, a hardware interrupt on a PC.)
3. Make sure that you have inserted the right adapter and installed the proper driver. If the
Adapter does not function after attempting the above steps, remove the adapter and do the
4. Uninstall the driver software from your PC.
5. Restart your PC and repeat the hardware and software installation as specified in this User
Q. I cannot communicate with the other computers linked via Ethernet in the
Infrastructure configuration.
1. Make sure that the PC to which the Adapter is associated is powered on.
2. Make sure that your Adapter is configured on the same channel and with the same security
options as with the other computers in the Infrastructure configuration.
Q. What should I do when the computer with the Adapter installed is unable to connect
to the wireless network and/or the Internet?
1. Check that the LED indicators for the broadband modem are indicating normal activity. If not,
there may be a problem with the broadband connection.
2. Check that the IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS settings are correctly entered
for the network.
3. In Infrastructure mode, make sure the same Service Set Identifier (SSID) is specified on the
settings for the wireless clients and access points.
4. In Ad-Hoc mode, both wireless clients will need to have the same SSID. Please note that it
might be necessary to set up one client to establish a BSS (Basic Service Set) and wait
briefly before setting up other clients. This prevents several clients from trying to establish a
BSS at the same time, which can result in multiple singular BSSs being established, rather
than a single BSS with multiple clients associated to it.
5. Check that the Network Connection for the wireless client is configured properly.
If Security is enabled, make sure that the correct encryption keys are entered on both the
Adapter and the access point.
Q. I can’t find any wireless access point / wireless device in ‘Site Survey’ function.
1. Click ‘Rescan’ for few more times and see if you can find any wireless access point or
wireless device.
2. Please move closer to any known wireless access point.
3. ‘Ad hoc’ function must be enabled for the wireless device you wish to establish a direct
wireless link.
4. Please adjust the position of network card (you may have to move your computer if you’re
using a notebook computer) and click ‘Rescan’ button for few more times. If you can find the
wireless access point or wireless device you want to connect by doing this, try to move
closer to the place where the wireless access point or wireless device is located.
Q. Nothing happens when I click ‘Launch config utilities’
1. Please make sure the wireless network card is firmly inserted into your computer’s PCI slot.
If the Planet configuration utility’s icon is black, the network card is not detected by your
computer. Switch the computer off and insert the card again. If this doesn’t work, contact
the dealer of purchase for help.
2. Reboot the computer and try again.
3. Remove the driver and re-install.
4. Contact the dealer of purchase for help.
Q. I can not establish connection with a certain wireless access point
1. Click ‘Connect’ for few more times.
2. If the SSID of access point you wish to connect is hidden (nothing displayed in ‘SSID’ field in
‘Site Survey’ function), you have to input correct SSID of the access point you wish to
connect. Please contact the owner of access point to ask for correct SSID.
3. You have to input correct passphrase / security key to connect an access point with
encryption. Please contact the owner of access point to ask for correct passphrase / security
4. The access point you wish to connect only allows network cards with specific MAC address
to establish connection. Please go to ‘About’ tab and write the value of ‘Phy_Addess’ down,
then present this value to the owner of access point so he / she can add the MAC address
of your network card to his / her access point’s list.
Q. The network is slow / having problem when transferring large files
1. Move closer to the place where access point is located.
2. Enable ‘Wireless Protection’ in ‘Advanced’ tab.
3. Try a lower TX Rate in ‘Advanced’ tab.
4. Disable ‘Tx Burst’ in ‘Advanced’ tab.
5. Enable ‘WMM’ in ‘QoS’ tab if you need to use multimedia / telephony related applications.
6. Disable ‘WMM – Power Save Enable’ in ‘QoS’ tab.
7. There could be too much people using the same radio channel. Ask the owner of the access
point to change the channel number.
5-2 Glossary
What is WMM?
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM), a group of features for wireless networks that improve the user
experience for audio, video and voice applications. WMM is based on a subset of the IEEE
802.11e WLAN QoS draft standard. WMM adds prioritized capabilities to Wi-Fi networks and
optimizes their performance when multiple concurring applications, each with different latency
and throughput requirements, compete for network resources. By using WMM, end-user
satisfaction is maintained in a wider variety of environments and traffic conditions. WMM
makes it possible for home network users and enterprise network managers to decide which
data streams are most important and assign them a higher traffic priority.
What is WMM Power Save?
WMM Power Save is a set of features for Wi-Fi networks that increase the efficiency and
flexibility of data transmission in order to conserve power. WMM Power Save has been
optimized for mobile devices running latency-sensitive applications such as voice, audio, or
video, but can benefit any Wi-Fi device. WMM Power Save uses mechanisms included in the
IEEE 802.11e standard and is an enhancement of IEEE 802.11 legacy power saves. With
WMM Power Save, the same amount of data can be transmitted in a shorter time while
allowing the Wi-Fi device to remain longer in a low-power “dozing” state.
What is GI?
GI stands for Guard Interval. It’s a measure to protect wireless devices from crossinterference. If there are two wireless devices using the same or near channel, and they are
close enough, radio interference will occur and reduce the radio resource usability.
What is STBC?
STBC stands for Space-Time Block Coding, which is a technique used to transfer multiple
copies of data by multiple antenna, to improve data transfer performance. By using multiple
antennas, not only data transfer rate is improved, but also the wireless stability.
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