Product Catalog Boonton Products Founded in 1947, Boonton has built on over 70 years of service and support. Boonton’s portfolio includes Peak experience in RF technology. From the beginning, products and Average power meters, RF voltmeters, Modulation & have gained a reputation for high-performance combined Audio meters. Boonton’s diverse and innovative products with high reliability. This has not changed and Boonton are used in terrestrial and satellite communication, radar, customers recognize the products for their dependabili- telemetry, avionics, military, and an expanding number of ty, accuracy, and state-of-the art measurement capabili- wireless communication applications. ties. All products are backed by our exemplary customer USB Power Sensor RF Voltmeters Real-Time Power Processing™ technology delivers unsur- Reliable voltage measurement from 10Hz to 1.2GHz passed speed and accuracy. • Boonton 9240 • Boonton 55 Series Audio Analyzers Peak and Average (CW) RF Power Meters Most accurate signal analysis from 10Hz to 200kHz The right RF analyzer for any need, from basic average • Boonton 1121A RF power meter to high-performance systems suited for most complex measurement applications. Modulation Analyzers • Boonton 4500B Analyzing AM and FM signals from 100kHz to 2.5 GHz • Boonton 4540 • Boonton 8201A • Boonton 4530 • Boonton 4240 • Boonton RF power sensors Boonton 2 Boonton 4500B Boonton 4500B RF Peak Power Analyzer High-Performance Test Instrumentation for R&D, Production and Field Applications The Boonton Model 4500B is the instrument of choice for capturing, displaying, analyzing fast and complex RF Signals. The 4500B Peak Power Analyzers provide most accurate measurements even for highly demanding RF measurement requirements. This power meter is taking performance to a new level and changes the way the industry views and analyzes RF signal powers. The 4500B features a rise time of less than 5ns, 100 picoseconds time base resolution, video bandwidth greater than 50 MHz, flexible triggering and greater than 80 dB dynamic range - that without the need of range switching. The 4500B also features an optional statistical power analysis package, offering continuous or gated CCDF, CDF or PDF presentations. When numeric information is required, users can choose an individual set of up to 15 different measurements parameters per channel – displayed simultaneously. Furthermore, envelope and persistence views provide fast in-depth signal analysis. 4500B’s I/O capabilities include LAN, GPIB and USB ports for storing data such as instrument setups, trace waveforms and bitmap image files. Features and Benefits: • RF frequency range: 1MHz to 40 GHz • Measurement Range (Pulsed / Modulated): -50 to + 20 dBm / -60 to +20 dBm • Time base resolution: 100 ps (0.01% accuracy) • Rise time: <5ns • Automatic peak-to-peak, delay-by-time and delay-by-events triggering • Envelope, persistence and roll mode displays • Includes one or two general-purpose oscilloscope channels • Large 8.4” TFT color LCD display • GPIB, USB and LAN • Compatible with industry leading 57006, 59318 and 59340 peak power sensors Related products Boonton Wideband Peak Power Sensors Boonton RF Power Meter 4540 Boonton RF Power Meter 4530 Amplifier Test Bench™ Software For more information, please refer to the Boonton 4500B data sheet. Boonton 3 Boonton 55 Series Wideband USB Power Sensor 55 Series Wideband USB Power Sensor Boonton once again sets the standard for fast RF power measurements with the introduction of its 55 Series Wideband USB power sensors. Built with Boonton’s Real-Time Power Processing™ technology (patent pending), this new product line offers speed and accuracy never before seen in a USB form factor. The 55 Series sensors are ideal for automated manufacturing, design, research, and service in commercial and military applications such as telecommunications, avionics, RADAR, and medical systems. They are the instrument of choice for fast, accurate and highly reliable RF power measurements, equally suitable for product development, compliance testing, and site monitoring applications. Features and Benefits: • Ultra-fast rise time: 3ns* • Time resolution: 100 ps • RF Frequency Range: Up to 40GHz • Continuous Sample rate: 100 Msamples / sec • Effective Sample Rate: 10 Gsamples / sec • Class leading Video Bandwidth: 195 MHz* • Statistical Measurements 100 Mpoints / sec • Trace acquisition speed: 40 k sweeps / sec • Real Time Power Processing™: No latency due to buffer processing by host PC • Internal RF or External TTL trigger, Master/Slave in/out connector • Synchronized multi-channel measurements • Removable, locking USB cable *55006 CREST FACTOR FOR COMMUNICATION 100.0 OUTPUT INPUT 10.0 1.0 % 0.1 8.48 dBr, 0.0100% 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.0 2.0 4.0 For more information, please refer to the Boonton 55 Series data sheet. Boonton 4 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 dBr Statistical Measurements Parameter INPUT 10% 3.609 dB 3.569 dB 1% 6.536 dB 6.412 dB 0.1% 8.178 dB 6.412 dB 0.01% 9.207 dB 8.478 dB 0.01% Related products Boonton Wideband Peak Power Sensors Boonton 4500B RF Peak Power Analyzer Boonton RF Power Meter 4540 Boonton RF Power Meter 4530 9.21 dBr, 0.0100% 0.0001% Cursor Pct Cursor Pwr OUTPUT 9.874 dB 8.780 dB 10.293 dB 8.919 dB 0.01 % 0.01% 9.210 dB 8.480 dB Average -9.551 dBm 4.740 dBm Max 1.479 dBm 13.822 dBm Peak/Avg 11.030 dB 9.083 dB 20.0 Boonton 55 Series Wideband USB Power Sensor (continued) Specifications 55006 55318 55340 55518 55540 50 MHz to 6 GHz 50 MHz to 18 GHz 50 MHz to 40 GHz 50 MHz to 18 GHz 50 MHz to 40 GHz -60 to +20 dBm -34 to +20 dBm -34 to +20 dBm -50 to +20 dBm -50 to +20 dBm -50 to +20 dBm -24 to +20 dBm -24 to +20 dBm -40 to +20 dBm -40 to +20 dBm -38 to +20 dBm -10 to +20 dBm -10 to +20 dBm -27 to +20 dBm -27 to +20 dBm RF Frequency Range Average Dynamic Range Pulse Dynamic Range Internal Trigger Range Rise time (fast/slow) 3 ns/<10 µs 5 ns/<10 µs 5 ns/<10 µs <100 ns/<10 µs <100 ns/<10 µs Video Bandwidth 195 MHz/350 kHz 70 MHz/350 kHz 70 MHz/350 kHz 6 MHz/350 kHz 6 MHz/350 kHz Bandwidth 35 MHz 35 MHz 35 MHz 6 MHz 6 MHz RF Input Type N, 50 ohm Type N, 50 ohm 2.92 mm, 50 ohm Type N, 50 ohm 2.92 mm, 50 ohm VSWR 1.25 (0.05 to 6 GHz) 1.15 (0.05 to 2.0 GHz) 1.25 (0.05 to 4.0 GHz) 1.15 (0.5 to 2.0 GHz) 1.15 (0.05 to 2.0 GHz) 1.28 (2.0 to 16 GHz) 1.65 (4 to 38 GHz) 1.20 (2.0 to 6.0 GHz) 1.65 (4.0 to 38 GHz) 1.34 (16 to 18 GHz) 2.00 (38 to 40 GHz) 1.28 (6.0 to 16 GHz) 2.00 (38 to 40 GHz) Single-shot 1.34 (16 to 18 GHz) Series Specifications Sampling Techniques Real-time/Equivalent Time/Statistical Sampling Continuous sample rate 100 MHz Effective sample rate 10 GHz Time Resolution 100 ps Statistical Analysis Continuous or gated CCDF Statistical Speed 100M points/sec Trigger Sources Internal or External TTL External Trigger in/out TTL in (slave) or out (master) Minimum Trigger Width 10 ns Maximum Trigger Frequency 50 MHz Trigger Jitter 0.1 ns rms Trace Acquisition Speed 100K sweeps/second Measurement Speed 100K meas/sec (buffered mode) over USB 800 meas/sec (continuous) Trigger Modes Auto, Normal, Single, Free run Trigger Arming Continuous, Trigger Holdoff, Frame (gap) Holdoff Remote Connectivity USB 2.0, type B connector Command Protocol IVI-C and IVI-Com Maximum Input Power 200mW avg, 1W for 1us peak Size (LxWxH) 145 x 43 x 43 (mm) 5.7 x 1.7 x 1.7 (inches) Weight 363 grams/0.8 lbs. Cable (with locking USB) 1.8 m / 6 ft Power Consumption 2.5W max (USB high power device) Operating Temperature 0 to 55⁰C Storage Temperature -40 to 70⁰C Boonton 5 Boonton 4540 Boonton 4540 RF Power & Voltage Meter Series Fast and High-Precision RF Power Analyzer for the Lab, Field and Production Floor Boonton’s 4540 Series RF Power Meters are the leading instruments for capturing, displaying and analyzing RF power in both time and statistical domains. They perform RF peak power measurements, RF average power measurements of signals up to 40 GHz and RF Voltage measurements. Applications include pulsed RF signals such as RADAR, repetitive pulsed signals such are MRI, and pseudorandom or noise-like signals such as CDMA, WLAN, WiMAX, WCDMA/ UMTS and LTE. The 4540 Series RF power and voltage meters are suitable for virtually all kind of RF signals. Boonton offers a large variety of high-dynamic peak and average power sensors, as well as voltage probes for the 4540 Series. This advanced instrument provides average, modulated signal, pulsed signal and statistical operating modes making it well suited for R&D, manufacturing, control and maintenance operations. The Power meter is available as single channel version (4541) and dual channel version (4542). Boonton’s 4540 Series RF Power Meter offers a very detailed representation of measured signals, allowing thorough RF signal analysis. A time resolution of 200 picoseconds, unprecedented in a power meter of this class, and sophisticated Random Interleaved Sampling (RIS) technique, together with optimized sensor characteristics allows for this very high signal definition. RIS delivers an effective sampling rate of up to 5 GSamples/second. Furthermore, 4540’s state-of-the-art hardware and special algorithm provide an ultra-fast screen repetition rate. Features and Benefits: • Frequency range: 9.9kHz to 40 GHz • Time resolution: 200 ps • Video bandwidth: 70MHz • Rise time: <7ns • Effective sampling rate (RIS): 5GSamples/second • Statistical analysis including CCDF • GPIB, USB (device) and LAN standard Related Products Boonton Peak Power Sensors Boonton Average Sensors Boonton Voltage Probes Boonton Voltage Probes Boonton Amplifier Test Bench ™ Software For more information, please see the Boonton 4540 data sheet. Boonton 6 Boonton 4530 Boonton 4530 RF Power Meter Series Affordable Peak Power Analysis The 4530 series RF Power and Voltage Meters offer high dynamic average and peak power measurements at frequencies from 9.9 kHz to 40 GHz. Boonton’s advanced 4530 Series RF power meters combine accuracy of a laboratory-grade instrument with capabilities required for production test. For measuring average power or peak power of EvDo, WCDMA, WIMAX, LTE or HDTV signals, Boonton’s single-channel (4531) and dual-channel (4532) models provide a wealth of powerful features. Besides peak power, average power, and voltage, the 4530 series perform statistical power analysis (CDF and PDF). It is compatible with a wide variety of Boonton RF power sensors and voltage probes. Sensor setup is easy and accurate: the instrument recognizes sensors and downloads calibration and setup data from the sensor automatically, as soon as they are connected to the instrument. Features and Benefits: • Frequency range: 9.9 kHz to 40 GHz (sensor dependent) • Dynamic range: >60 dB (peak), 90 dB (CW) (sensor dependent) • Bandwidth: 20 MHz • Dual-channel statistical measurements (CDF/PDF) • SCPI commands for remote control through GPIB and RS-232 Related Products Boonton Peak Power Sensors Boonton Average Power Sensors Boonton Voltage Probes Boonton 4540 Series RF Power Meters For more information, please see the Boonton 4530 data sheet. Boonton 7 Wideband Peak Power Sensors Boonton Wideband Peak Power Sensors Wideband Peak Power Sensors Ultra-Fast, High-Dynamic Peak Power Sensors Average RF Power Sensors Features (sensor dependent): • Rise time: <7ns • Bandwidth: up to 65 MHz • Frequency range: 50MHz to 40GHz • Dynamic range: -50dBm to +20dBm (peak) -60dBm to +20dBm (CW) Model Frequency Range Dynamic Range Overload Rating RF Connector (Low Bandwidth) Peak Power Range** Pulse/Continuous CW Power Range Sensor Response Fast Risetime Slow Risetime (Bandwidth) (Bandwidth) Applicability 4500B 4540 4530 X X X Int. Trigger Range 57006 0.5 - 6 GHz -50 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <7 ns <10 µs N (M) (0.05 - 6 GHz) -60 to +20 dBm 200 mW (70 MHz typical) (350 kHz) -40 to +20 dBm 59318 0.5 - 18 GHz -24 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <10 ns <10 µs N (M) (0.05 - 18 GHz) -34 to +20 dBm 200 mW (50 MHz typical) (350 kHz) 59340 0.5 - 40 GHz -24 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <10 ns <10 µs K (M) (0.05 - 40 GHz -34 to +20 dBm 200 mW (50 MHz typical) (350 kHz) X X X X X X - - -10 to +20 dBm -10 to +20 dBm 56318 N (M) 0.5 - 18 GHz -24 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <15 ns <200ns -34 to +20 dBm 200 mW (35 MHz) (1.75 MHz) -24 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <15 ns <200 ns -34 to +20 dBm 200 mW (35 MHz) (1.75 MHz) -40 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <100 ns <300 ns -50 to +20 dBm 200 mW (6 MHz) (1.16 MHz) - -10 to +20 dBm 56326 K (M) 0.5 - 26.5 GHz - - - -10 to +20 dBm 56518 N (M) 0.5 - 18 GHz 57518 0.1 - 18 GHz -40 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <100 ns <10 µs N (M) (0.05 - 18 GHz) -50 to +20 dBm 200 mW (6 MHz) (350 kHz) - - - - X X - X X -27 to +20 dBm -27 to +20 dBm 57540 0.1 - 40 GHz -40 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <100 ns <10 µs K (M) (0.05 - 40 GHz) -50 to +20 dBm 200 mW (6 MHz) (350 kHz) -40 to +20 dBm 1 W for 1µs <100 ns <300 ns -50 to +20 dBm 200 mW (6 MHz) (1.16 MHz) -27 to +20 dBm 56526 K (M) 500 MHz to 26.5 GHz -27 to +20 dBm ** For pulse signal only For more information, please see the Boonton Wideband Peak Power Sensors data sheet. Boonton 8 - - - Average RF Power Sensors Boonton Average RF Power Sensors Versatile, High-Dynamic Range RF Power Sensors Average sensors from Boonton provide accurate RF power measurements over a wide dynamic range and allow average power measurements of modulated and pulsed signals. Model Frequency Range Features (sensor dependent): • Frequency range: 9.9kHz to 40GHz • Dynamic range: up to 90dB • Max power: up to +40dBm Dynamic Range RF Connector Overload Rating Pulse/Continuous Wide Dynamic Range Dual Diode Sensors 51075A 500 kHz to 18 GHz -70 to +20 dBm N (M) 51077A 300 mW 500 kHz to 18 GHz -60 to +30 dBm N (M) 51079A 500 kHz to 18 GHz -50 to +40 dBm 100 W for 1µs 25 W 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz -70 to +20 dBm K (M) 51072A 10 W for 1µs 3W N (M) 51071A 1 W for 1µs 1 W for 1µs 300 mW 30 MHz to 40 GHz -70 to +20 dBm K (M) 1 W for 1µs 300 mW Thermocouple Sensors 51100(9E) 10 MHz to 18 GHz -20 to +20 dBm N (M) 51200 15 W for 1µs 300 mW 10 MHz to 18 GHz 0 to +37 dBm N (M) 150 W for 1µs 10 W Special Purpose Dual Diode Sensors 51011A(EMC) 10 kHz to 8 GHz -60 to +20 dBm N (M) 51011A 200 mW 100 kHz to 12.4 GHz -60 to +20 dBm N (M) 51013A 1 W for 1µs 300 mW 100 kHz to 18 GHz -60 to +20 dBm N (M) 51015A 1 W for 1µs 1 W for 1µs 300 mW 100 kHz to 18 GHz -50 to +30 dBm N (M) 10 W for 1µs 2W Diode Average Sensor (For use with 4530, 5230, 4230, 4240, 4540) 51085 500 kHz to 18 GHz -30 to +20 dBm N(M) 1 W for 1µs 5W (*) For more information, please see the Boonton Average RF Power Sensors data sheet. Boonton 9 Boonton 4240 Series Boonton 4240 Average RF Power Meter RF Power Meter with 90 dB Dynamic Range Boonton’s Model 4240 Series RF Power Meters are available as single (4241A) or dual-channel (4242A) instrument, capable of measuring power levels from –70 dBm to +44 dBm (sensor dependent) within a 90 dB dynamic range. Boonton 4240 RF power meters are compatible to a vast variety of Boonton average power sensors. These instruments are very accurate and provide measurement speeds up to 200 readings per second, equally fulfilling production and lab requirements. The 4240 series displays measurement data with up to 5-digit resolution in logarithmic (dB) or linear (W) units. Numeric or bar graph display can be selected. Showing both channels (4242) allows simultaneous indication of two signals, making comparisons simple. Log or linear readouts can be selected along with +/- difference and ratios. Features and Benefits: • Dynamic range: 90 dB • Frequency range: 10 kHz to 40GHz • Over 200 readings per second in single channel mode • GPIB interface standard • HP 437B and HP 438B emulation Related Products Boonton Average Sensors Boonton 4530 Series Power Meter For more information, please see the Boonton 4240 data sheet. Boonton 10 Boonton 9240 Series Boonton 9240 Series RF Voltmeter Accurate Analog RF Voltmeter 10Hz to 1.2GHz Boonton’s 9240 RF Voltmeter provides precise voltage measurements from audio frequencies to the GHz region. The range extends from 200 μV to 10 volts; with accessory 100:1 divider up to 300 V. The 9240 RF Voltmeter is simple to use on the bench, and comprehensive enough to integrate into an ATE system. Features and Benefits: • Frequency range: 10 Hz to 1.2 GHz (Probe dependent) • Voltage range: 200 μV to 10 V (to 300V @ 700MHz with optional 100:1 divider) • RMS response to 30 mV (to 3 V @ 700 MHz with 100:1 divider) • DC recorder output • Dual channel and differential voltage measurements (9242) Related Products Boonton 4540 Series RF Power and Voltage Meter Boonton 4530 Series RF Power and Voltage Meter Boonton 4240 Series RF Power Meter For more information, please see the Boonton 9240 data sheet. Boonton 11 Boonton 1121A Boonton 1121A Audio Analyzer High-Precision Audio Analyzer, Built-In Test Signal Generator Boonton Model 1121A audio analyzer provides fast and very accurate measurements including frequency, AC or DC level, distortion, SINAD and signal-to-noise ratio. It also includes an audio source providing low distortion signals over wide frequencies and level ranges. The 1121A incorporates selectable output impedances of 50, 150 and 600 ohms, 16 volt RMS output, additional 0.3 mV full scale measurement range, and quasi-peak detection. The 1121A Audio Analyzer also tunes and manages auto-ranging automatically for maximum accuracy and resolution. Distortion, frequency response, AC and DC voltage measurements require only one single keystroke. The instrument is ideally suited for stimulus response applications because of an on-board low-distortion audio source. Internal control of the source and analyzer allows for swept measurements. For the accurate measurement of complex waveforms and noise, the audio analyzer uses true RMS average or quasi-peak detection. Accurate distortion measurements can be made to –90 dB (0.003%) between 20 Hz and 20 kHz. Over the same frequency range, flatness measurements are possible to 0.05 dB (0.5%). The audio analyzer precision reciprocal counter gives fast and accurate characterization of audio frequencies. Features and Benefits: • Frequency range from 10 Hz to 200 kHz • Measurement level from 300 μV to 300 V (full scale) • Low-distortion audio source for testing systems, amplifiers, receivers and components • Instant recall of up to 99 complete front panel setups Related Products Boonton 8201A Modulation analyzer Boonton 4240 Average power meter Boonton 4540 RF Power Meter For more information, please see the Boonton 1121A data sheet. Boonton 12 Boonton 8201A Boonton 8201A AM/FM/PM Modulation Analyzer High-Precision Analyzer for AM/FM Radio Technology The Model 8201 AM/FM Modulation Meter offers a unique combination of measurements including AM, FM and PM, Carrier level and frequency, Signal, noise and distortion power (SINAD), thus eliminating the need for different discrete items of test equipment. With a carrier level resolution of 0.01dB, a frequency resolution of 10Hz and an accuracy of 1% AM and FM modulation measurements, the 8201 is well suited for the most demanding requirements. Modulation is detected using peak, while residuals are measured using RMS and referenced to a specific level. These values are displayed in %, dB or quasi-peak, and the highest values are stored using the peak-hold function. Signal frequency and level can be acquired automatically or input via the keyboard or remote command. The 8201 is a cost-effective measurement tool for an ATE system, signal generator calibration or mobile radio production testing. Features and Benefits: • Carrier frequency range: 100 kHz to 2.5 GHz • 0 to 500 kHz FM deviation to 1% accuracy • 0 to 99% AM to 1% accuracy • 0 to 500 radians to 3% accuracy • Audio distortion range: 0.01% to 100% THD or 0 to 80 dB SINAD • Remote control through GPIB Related Products Boonton 1121A Audio Analyzer Boonton 4540 RF Power Meter Boonton 4240 Average RF Power Meter For more information, please see the Boonton 8201 data sheet. Boonton 13 Applications Detailed RF Pulse Analysis Highly Detailed Waveform Traces Allow Accurate Measurements, Efficient Alignment and Detailed Analysis of Linear and Pulsed RF Components and Systems Wide dynamic range pulsed RF applications like radar and MRI are challenging for test engineers. These signals transmit high power signals but return weak signals facing significant ambient noise. Power measurements are vital for any kind of RF transmission system: too much power, and signals distort, too little power, and signals submerge in the noise. Power meters are the most accurate way to perform RF power measurements. Determining sensitivity, measuring maximum output power, or analyzing linearity of RF components are just a few of many parameters power meters are tasked to perform with great precision. For pulsed RF signals, critical specifications are peak power, average power, rise time, fall time, overshoot, and undershoot (see Figure 1). To achieve highest detail and accuracy, power sensors must be fast, provide a wide bandwidth and must offer a high dynamic range. Power meters with high sampling rate capture signal points in small increments, which are then used to reconstruct the signal waveform on the screen for further analysis. Boonton power meters not only utilize fast sampling, but they offer an additional powerful feature: sampling performed at random intervals. Figure 1 Why is this important? This sampling technique operates independent of the instrument’s time base and has huge advantages whenever repeating signals are measured. Repeating signals constitute the vast majority of all signals measured in RF applications. This asynchronous sampling technique is also known as Random Interleaved Sampling or RIS for short. RIS sampling provides a detail depth that reveals much more waveform information than conventional sampling. Screenshots in Figure 2 show three consecutive measurements of a fast signal transition using two power meters. The upper row illustrates a power meter with conventional sampling technique; the lower row illustrates a Boonton 4540 power meter with RIS technology. Both power meters measure the same signal. As one would expect, both power meters are able to measure the fast signal transitions, but using RIS technology Boonton’s power meters have an effective time resolution in the 100 ps range. With this it generates significantly more detail of the displayed waveform, allowing the user to analyze the signal thoroughly. The undersampled waveform measurement varies by 30mW, while the Boonton only varies by 8mW. Related Products Boonton Peak Power Analyzer 4540 Series Boonton Peak Power Analyzer 4500B Boonton 55 Series Wideband USB Sensors For more information, please see the Boonton Peak Power Meter data sheet. Figure 2 Boonton 14 Applications (continued) Using Statistical Methods to Measure Noise-like Carrier Signals Boonton 55 Series Wideband USB Power Sensor, 4540 and 4500B Peak Power Analyzers with High Dynamic Range, Allow Aligning Modern Telecommunication Amplifiers with Greatest Precision Unlike simple, average power measurements using CW tones, statistical analysis is beneficial when comparing peak to average ratios of signals. Results are shown in percent with respect to the total signal time. This method is particularly useful for noise-like signals like LTE, WiMAX, or UMTS. The peak power values are sorted, or binned, according to their magnitude, normalized by the average power, and displayed in log-log plot in dBr as crest factor. An important display is the CCDF, or complementary cumulative distribution function. The CCDF in figure 1 shows how frequently a particular power level is present as a percentage of the total signal time. A value of 0 dBr is equal to the average power and 0% time is equal to maximum instantaneous crest factor. Figure 1 shows a crest factor probability of 0.0001% occurs at 15 dBr with respect to the average. Frequent Events Toggle between screens using the graph button Increasing Probability Infrequent Events Figure 1 Increasing Crest Factor Using CCDF Distributions to Compare Amplifier Input and Output. The right-hand side of figure 1 shows two CCDF distributions comparing the input and output of the amplifier under test. The blue signal serves as a reference input, while the yellow signal is the output of the DUT. Wide dynamic range peak power sensors allow direct comparison of input and output peak to average ratio using the CCDF display. The amplifier can be tested over its entire dynamic range using the signal of interest. The graph button on a Boonton 4540 series power meter allows the user to toggle between the average power measurement and the dual CCDF statistical display. The peak to average ratio deviation of the DUT input to output using the CCDF display illustrates the difference between an average 1 dB compression point figure of merit and the statistical display. In this example amplifier compression begins well before the 1 dB compression point is reached (see Figure 2). The 1dB compression, or third order-intercept point figures of merit do not include information above the physical layer, but a CCDF statistical graph can infer BER qualities about the amplifier from previously measured receivers. The advanced statistical measurement capability in Boonton power meters provide flexibility, high accuracy, and a reduction in amplifier test measurement time. Figure 2 Related Products Boonton Peak Power Analyzer 4540 Series Boonton Peak Power Analyzer 4500B Boonton 55 Series Wideband USB Sensors Boonton Peak Power Analyzer 4530 Series For more information, please see the Boonton Peak Power Meter data sheet. Boonton 15 Who We Are Wireless Telecom Group is a global designer and manufacturer of radio frequency (“RF”) and microwave-based products for wireless and advanced communications industries. We market our products and services worldwide under the Boonton Electronics (“Boonton”), Microlab/FXR (“Microlab”) and Noisecom brands. Our Brands and products have maintained a reputation for their accuracy and performance as they support our customers’ technological advancements within communications. We offer our customers a complementary suite of high performance instruments and components meeting a variety of standards including peak power meters, signal analyzers, noise sources, power splitters, combiners, diplexers, noise modules and precision noise generators. We serve commercial and government markets within the satellite, cable, radar, avionics, medical, and computing applications.We are headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey, in the New York City metropolitan area and we maintain a global network of Sales offices dedicated to providing excellent product support. Wireless Telecom Group, Inc. continuously targets opportunities that allow us to capitalize on our synergies and our talents. Our technological capabilities along with our customer service strategies remain essential competencies for our success. Noisecom is a global provider of electronic noise generation equipment and noise sources in the commercial and military telecommunications fields. Utilized for accurate, reliable measurements, users look to Noisecom for specialized assistance with their equipment design. Boonton Electronics, a wholly owned subsidiary, is a leader in the manufacture of test equipment dedicated to measuring the power of RF and Microwave systems used in multiple telecommunication markets. A pioneer in the industry, Boonton continues to provide high quality and high value instruments for users backed with outstanding customer support. Microlab, a wholly owned subsidiary, is a global provider of passive microwave components including power splitters, directional couplers and filters. These products are employed as system components in commercial applications such as wireless base stations for cellular, emergency services and private communications, in-building wireless signal distribution, television transmitters and aircraft navigation landing systems. Microlab products are also used in military systems such as electronic countermeasures and missile guidance. Wireless Telecom Group Inc. 25 Eastmans Rd Parsippany, NJ United States Tel: +1 973 386 9696 Fax: +1 973 386 9191 www.boonton.com Follow us on: WTGinnovation Wireless Telecom Group blog.wtcom.com WTGinnovation B/CAT/V3/0813/EN Note: Specifications, terms and conditions are subject to change without prior notice.
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