User`s Manual
QSNDVR4R
Digital Video Recorder
User’s Manual
4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Precautions & Safety Instructions
Power Source
This Digital-Video-Recorder uses an AC90-240 V power source. This recorder should only be
operated using the specified power supply. Please check the voltage of the power supply before
using.
If you are not going to use the recorder for a long period of time, be sure to disconnect the power
supply from the wall outlet. To disconnect the power supply, grasp the plug itself; never pull the
cord.
On Placement

This recording unit is to be used and installed indoors. It must not be exposed to rain or
moisture.

Place the recorder in a location with adequate ventilation to prevent heat build-up in the recorder.
Slots and openings in the cabinet are provided for ventilation to ensure reliable operation of the
recorder and to protect from overheating. These openings must not be blocked or covered. Do
not place the recorder on a soft surface such as a rug that might block the ventilation holes. Do
not place the recorder in a confined space such as a bookshelf or similar type unit.

Do not place the recorder in a location near heat sources such as a radiator or heat register.

Do not place the recorder in a location subject to direct sunlight, excessive dust or mechanical
shock.
Object and Liquid Entry
Should any solid object fall into, or liquid spill into the cabinet, unplug the recorder and have it
checked by qualified service technicians before operating it any further.
Servicing
This Digital-Video-Recorder is a precision instrument. In case of damage or malfunction of the
recorder have it repaired by qualified service technicians or contact the dealers in your area. Do
not attempt to make the repairs yourself.
Copyrights
Television programs, films, video tapes, discs, and other materials may be copyrighted.
Unauthorized recording of such materials may be contrary to the provisions of the copyright
laws.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Features

Video input: 4 channels; video output: 2

Audio input: 4 channels; audio output: 1

Four optional levels of image quality: very high, high, normal and low. Record and playback
frame rate changeable for recording.

Compression standard: MJEPG

NTSC / PAL compatible.

Supports alarm recording and set times recording.

Multi-function searches: Identifies and sorts various alarm records and time records from routine
recording; search by time, by segment or by event.

Playback modes: pause, variable fast forward and reverse play modes.

Zoom, auto function and PIP function.

USB device backup and update enabled.

Remote control and PTZ control enabled.

Loss and motion detection functions.

Triplex operation, play back and search while recording. Simultaneous display of live and
playback video.

Supports network viewing.

Supports on-screen watermark security.

Independent from a PC platform. Will not be prone to shutdown and virus infection.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Table of Contents
SYSTEM CONNECTIONS ......................................................................................6
1. REAR PANEL AND CONNECTION TERMINALS ....................................................................................... 6
2. VIDEO AND AUDIO CONNECTIONS ....................................................................................................... 7
3. ALARM AND SENSORS CONNECTION ................................................................................................... 8
4. HARD DISK (HDD) CONNECTION ...................................................................................................... 10
SYSTEM SETUP..................................................................................................... 11
1. ACCESSING MENUS............................................................................................................................ 11
2. SETUP OPTIONS ................................................................................................................................. 12
3. SYSTEM SETUP .................................................................................................................................. 12
4. PASSWORD SET .................................................................................................................................. 13
5. TIME/DATE SET ................................................................................................................................. 14
6. HDD FORMAT SET ............................................................................................................................. 15
7. AUTO SEQUENCE SETUP .................................................................................................................... 16
8. FACTORY RESET................................................................................................................................. 16
9. VIDEO SETUP ..................................................................................................................................... 17
10. CAMERA NAMES SETUP ................................................................................................................... 17
11. BRIGHTNESS/CONTRAST SETUP ....................................................................................................... 18
12. RECORDING SETUP .......................................................................................................................... 19
13. NETWORK SETUP ............................................................................................................................. 20
14. MAC (MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL) SET .............................................................................................. 21
15. ALARM AND SENSORS SETUP........................................................................................................... 21
16. MOTION DETECTION SETTINGS ....................................................................................................... 23
17. AREA SET......................................................................................................................................... 24
18. USB SET .......................................................................................................................................... 24
19. SCHEDULE SET ................................................................................................................................ 26
20. PROTOCOL SET ................................................................................................................................ 26
FRONT PANEL BUTTONS ...................................................................................28
1. RECORDING/PLAYBACK CONTROL BUTTONS .................................................................................... 28
2. FUNCTION CONTROLS AREA.............................................................................................................. 29
3. CHANNEL SELECTION CONTROLS AREA ............................................................................................ 30
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
DISPLAY STATUSES WHILE RUNNING ..........................................................31
1. SCREEN DISPLAY WHILE RUNNING ................................................................................................... 31
2. SCREEN DISPLAY WHILE PLAYING .................................................................................................... 31
3. TRIP DISPLAY ................................................................................................................................... 32
USER GUIDELINE.................................................................................................33
1. TURNING THE DVR ON..................................................................................................................... 33
2. TURNING THE DVR OFF ................................................................................................................... 33
3. NORMAL RECORDING PROCESS ......................................................................................................... 33
4. ALARM RECORDING .......................................................................................................................... 34
5. TIME RECORDING .............................................................................................................................. 34
6. PLAYBACK ......................................................................................................................................... 35
7. PLAY SEARCH .................................................................................................................................... 35
8. TIME SEARCH .................................................................................................................................... 36
9. EVENT SEARCH .................................................................................................................................. 37
10. START/STOP SEARCH ....................................................................................................................... 37
11. ZOOM OPERATION............................................................................................................................ 38
12. PIP (PICTURE IN A PICTURE) OPERATION ......................................................................................... 39
13. INFORMATION DISPLAY ................................................................................................................... 39
14. USB DEVICE BACKUP ..................................................................................................................... 39
15. PAN-TILT-ZOOM (PTZ) OPERATION ................................................................................................. 41
16. DEFAULT SETTINGS.......................................................................................................................... 42
17. REMOTE CONTROL .......................................................................................................................... 43
18. SERIAL PORT CONTROL ................................................................................................................... 43
19. NETVIEWER SOFTWARE INSTALLATION AND OPERATION ................................................................ 44
STANDARD AND PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ............................................49
EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES SUPPLIED ...............................................50
APPENDIX A: Q&A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE .......................................51
APPENDIX B: SERIAL PORT PROTOCOL ......................................................54
APPENDIX C: RECORDING CAPACITY FOR 120GB HDD..........................56
APPENDIX D: INTERNET VIEW/PLAYBACK CONFIGURATION ............57
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
System Connections
1. Rear Panel and Connection Terminals
Power cord, input and output signal terminals are all located on the rear panel of the DVR. The
connections to monitor(s), video cameras, and all external peripherals are also through the terminals and
sockets on the rear panel. The rear view of the DVR is illustrated below.
The rear panel:
1: POWER INPUT (DC12V)
4: AUDIO INPUT 1-4
7: NET INTERFACE
10: +5V
2: VIDEO INPUT 1-4
5: AUDIO OUTPUT
8: ALARM INPUT
11: GROUND
3: VIDEO OUTPUT
6: USB PORT
9: ALARM OUTPUT
12: RS485 PORT
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
2. Video and Audio Connection
The DVR can support up to 4 cameras video input simultaneously. The monitor must be installed as
shown in the diagram below. Install the monitor for system setup, which is described in the next
section.
OUT
V EVIDEO
D IO O U
T
V
E D IO IN
IN
VIDEO
A U D IO IN
A U D IO O U T
VED
IO IN IN
VIDEO
MMicrophone
i cr ophone
There are two steps for camera installation:
1. Connect the Video Signal Line to the DVR channel input.
2. Connect the power adaptor jack to the camera.
The DVR can connect up to four channels for audio input, but only one can be selected for output
and recording at any given time.
To display the DVR image, the video output signal should be displayed to the TV set or monitor
connected to the rear panel. Any TV set that has a “video input” terminal is suitable for displaying
the image. The figure above shows the video and audio signal line connection.
Note: Only one audio input can be connected at any time. If audio is connected CAM1, audio to
CAM2 to CAM4 must be unplugged.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
3. Alarm and Sensors Connection (Requires professional installer)
The DVR can support up to 4 alarms input and 3 alarms output.
Alarm input: There are two types of alarm input.
1. Voltage output( 5V and 0V)
A: In case the sensor output is high voltage (5V) normally and output is low voltage (0V) when
triggered, then users must set the DVR for low voltage alarm.
B: In case the sensor output is low voltage (0V) normally and output is high voltage (5V) when
triggered, then users must set the DVR for high voltage alarm.
Refer to the diagram below; Ch 2 to Ch 4 connectivity is similar to that for channel 1.
2. Open/Close output
A: N.O. Normal Open; closes when triggered. DVR must be set as low voltage alarm.
B: N.C. Normal Close; opens when triggered. DVR must set as high voltage alarm.
Please refer to the diagram below; Channel 2 to Channel 4 are similar to Channel 1.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Alarm output
There are three alarm output pins, the status of these pins are illustrated below:
A fte r al ar m
B e for e ala r m
N. O.
COM
N. C.
N. O.
COM
N. C.
Example for alarm output connection:
N. O.
COM
N. C.
A la rm
5V
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
4. Hard Disk (HDD) Connection
To install the Hard Disk follow the installation sequence illustrated below.
Note: If the DVR comes with a HDD, skip the following steps.
1. Pull out the hard drive rack from the DVR
side panel.
2. Open the top cover of the drawer.
3. Set jumper on HDD to Master
4. Connect the ribbon (IDE) cable & power
cable.
J u m p to M a s te r
5. Close the top cover of the drawer and put
the hard drive drawer back into the DVR.
(Make sure the cables are firmly pressed onto
the HDD interface)
6. Lock the hard drive drawer by turning the
key clockwise.
If you have another HDD, set the jumper on that HDD to SLAVE, open the DVR cover, put the HDD
to a second HDD shelf, and then connect the power and ribbon cables.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
System Setup
Prior to use, program the DVR with your desired settings, otherwise the DVR will run in the default
settings.
1. Accessing Menus
To access the menus just press the Menu button in the front panel or the remote and the password input
window will display as shown below.
The password is a random combination of 4 digits, “0-9”. The default is “0000”. For security, as you
input your password, “*” will display. If you input an incorrect password, the PASSWORD CHECK
screen will automatically return. If you don’t want to input the password and cancel the operation, exit the
system. To exit the system, it is not necessary to input your password, just press the menu button. To
change the password, refer to “password change”.
After you enter the correct password, the Top Main Menu will display “SETUP MODE” as shown
below.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
2. Setup Options
When in SETUP MODE, press on either the UP or DOWN arrow buttons on the remote or front
panel to scroll through the selection of settings. The selection will be highlighted in yellow.
When choosing digital fields such as year, month, day, hour, minute, second, etc, press the left or right
arrow buttons on the remote or front panel.
Press the “+” or “-” buttons to change the value where the cursor stands, press the ENTER button to enter
the sub menu and press the MENU button to return to a previous menu.
3. System Setup
To access System Setup, select SYSTEM SET and click on ENTER. The SYSTEM SETUP window will
appear. This is illustrated below:
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
The following options are available:
(1) TIME/DATE SET: (See below)
(2) HDD FORMAT SET: (See below)
(3) AUTOSEQUENCE SET: (See below)
(4) FACTORY RESET: (See below)
(5) PASSWORD SET: (See below)
(6) MENU LANGUAGE: Use “+” or “-” to modify this option.
(7) PLAY REPEAT: If set to YES, when playing stored video on the HDD to the end, it
will automatically replay video from the beginning, otherwise stops at the end.
(8) VIDEO SOURCE: To set up the video format, NTSC or PAL
(9) BUZZER SOUND: Buzzer switcher. If set to “OFF”, the buzzer will not work.
4. Password Set
Move the cursor to Password Set, press the ENTER button and the PASSWORD SETUP window will
appear as illustrated below:
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
①
PASSWORD CHANGE: Press the ENTER button to change the password. The user must enter
the CURRENT PASSWORD first. If the current password is correct, the system will prompt to input the
new password with CHANGE PASSWORD and then input again with CONFIRM PASSWORD. If
the password is changed successfully, the screen will display PASSWORD CHANGED.
②
SETUP PASSWORD: If set to ON means that the user must input the password before entering
the SETUP MODE Top Menu. If set to OFF means that the user can enter the Setup Menu without a
password. Use “+” or “-” to modify this option.
③
SYSTEM PASSWORD: If set to ON means that the user must input the password before entering
the SYSTEM SETUP menu. If set to OFF means that the user can enter this menu without a password.
Use “+” or “-” to modify this option.
④ SCHEDULE PASSWORD: If set to ON means that the user must input the password to stop
Schedule Recording when pressing the Schedule button in the front panel or remote. If set to OFF means
that the user can stop schedule recording without a password. Use “+” or “-” to modify this option.
⑤ RECORD PASSWORD: If set to ON means that the user must input the password to stop
recording when pressing the REC button in the front panel or the remote. If set to OFF means that the user
can stop recording without a password. Use “+” or “-” to modify this option.
Note: If you forget the assigned password, or enter a wrong password, press the Stop button in the
front panel 12 times. This operation will change the password to the default value “0000”.
5. Time/Date Set
Move the cursor to TIME/DATE SET, press ENTER and the TIME/DATE SETUP window will appear as
shown below. Note that if the DVR is in recording mode you cannot access this menu unless you
stop recording first.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
.
Press UP, DOWN, LEFT, and RIGHT arrow buttons to move the cursor. Press “+” or “-” buttons in the
front panel or the remote to set up the DATE and TIME values.



FORMAT: The time display format, which is different for USA, Europe and Asia users.
DISPLAY: If set to “OFF”, time will not display on the screen.
LOCAL: Time display position in the cameras’ video output.
6. HDD Format Set
Move the cursor to HDD FORMAT SET, press ENTER and the HDD Format Setup window will appear.
This is illustrated below:
If YES is selected and ENTER is pressed to confirm, all video files on the HDD will be lost in the
reformatting process. Select NO to skip this operation.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
7. Auto Sequence Setup
Auto Sequence will display one camera at a time at specific intervals. Move the cursor to AUTOSEQ
SET in the SYSTEM SETUP menu, press the ENTER button and the AUTO SETUP window will appear.
This is illustrated below:
Press the UP or DOWN arrows buttons to select each channel separately. Press the “+” or “-” buttons to
change the Auto Sequence time for each channel.
8. Factory Reset
In the SYSTEM SETUP menu window, select FACTORY RESET then ENTER and a window to confirm
will appear as illustrated below:
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
If YES is selected and the ENTER button is pressed, the DVR will reset to default factory settings. To
skip this operation, select NO and hit enter.
9. Video Setup
Move the cursor to VIDEO SET in the top SETUP MODE menu, press the ENTER button and the
VIDEO SETUP menu window will appear. This is illustrated below. The BOUNDARY (Boundary
Color) and BACK GROUND settings define colors for border lines between split screens and inactive
screens.
10. Camera Names Setup
Move the cursor to NAME SETUP in the VIDEO SETUP window, press the ENTER button and the
cameras NAME SETUP window will appear. This is illustrated below:
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Pressing the UP or DOWN arrow buttons will select the channels separately. Press the ENTER button to
change each channel’s name. Each channel’s name is the combination of up to eight characters. Pressing
the LEFT or RIGHT arrow buttons will select each character. Pressing the “+” or “-” button modifies
characters for the name. When the name setup for each channel is complete press the ENTER button to
save the name.
DISPLAY: If set to OFF, the channel’s name will not display on the screen.
11. Brightness/Contrast Setup
Move the cursor to BRI/CON SETUP in the VIDEO SETUP window, press the ENTER button and the
BRIGHT/CONTRAST SETUP window will appear. This is illustrated below.
BRI: Picture Brightness
CON: Picture Contrast
Press the UP, DOWN, LEFT, and RIGHT arrow buttons in the front panel or remote to move the cursor
around to set BRI and CON for each channel. Press the “+” or “+” buttons to modify the intensity
values.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
12. Recording Setup
Move the cursor to RECORD SET in the main SETUP MODE menu, pressing the ENTER button will
result in the RECORD SETUP window appearing. This is illustrated below. Press the up or down arrow
buttons to move the cursor. Press the “+”or “-” buttons on the remote, or in the front panel, to change the
values.
Note: While the DVR is in recording or playback mode, you cannot access this menu unless you
stop recording or playback first.
OVER WRITE: If set to YES, the DVR will automatically overwrite the HDD when the HDD is full. If
set to NO, the DVR will automatically stop recording when the HDD is full.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
REC SPEED: The DVR factory default setting for the recording frame rate is 30F/SEC (frames/second)
under video standard NTSC (25F/SEC default under video standard PAL). This means the DVR records
events at the speed of 30 frames per second. The higher the recording speed rate, the more natural look is
displayed on the screen during playback. The lower the recording frame rate, the more space is saved on
the hard disk. The highest frame rate is 120F/SEC for NTSC (for PAL is 100F/SEC) when the resolution
is set as 360.
REC QUALITY: There are four different video quality settings: LOW, NORMAL, HIGH and VERY
HIGH. The higher the video quality is set, the clearer the images that are obtained during playback. The
lower the video quality is set, the more space is saved on the hard disk drive.
RESOLUTION: The recording picture size of the DVR has two modes: 360 and 720. The default value
is 360. In 720 mode, the recorded picture is twice as large as in 360 mode. In 360 mode the REC speed is
fixed at 120F/SEC for NTSC (100F/SEC for PAL) and the maximum REC SPEED in 720 mode is
60F/SEC for NTSC (50F/SEC for PAL).
PB SPEED: The default playback frame rate is shown as NO USE, which means that it is the same as
REC SPEED.
AUDIO ENABLE: When set to ON, the DVR will record in one channel. This channel has to be
selected among the four available channels. The default is CH1. The audio signal playback is only
possible through the DVR.
13. Network Setup (May require IT expertise)
Move the cursor to NETWORK SET in the SETUP MODE Top Main Menu, pressing the ENTER button
results in the NETWORK SETUP menu window appearing. This is illustrated below. Note: If the
Netviewer software is accessing the DVR, this menu cannot be accessed unless the Netviewer
software is closed.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
NETWORK STATE: Network Speed switch, if within a local network, select LOCAL_LAN; otherwise,
for internet use, select EXTER_LAN.
NET DATA PORT: The video transmit port number for the computer.
NET CMD PORT: The command transmit port number for the computer.
Note: If you change the VIDEO PORT, COMMAND PORT or MAC address, you have to restart
the DVR to use the Netviewer software provided.
14. MAC (Media Access Control) Set
Move the cursor to MAC SET in the NETWORK SETUP menu, pressing the ENTER button results in
the MAC SETUP window appearing. This is illustrated below:
If there is more than one DVR in a local area network, each DVR must be set to have an exclusive MAC
Address. There is only one chance to modify the MAC Address. Once the MAC ADDRESS is
changed, this menu will not appear again. If you want to change the MAC ADDRESS again, the factory
default settings have to be reloaded with Factory Reset. Move the cursor to FACTORY RESET in the
SYSTEM SETUP menu, press ENTER and you will be prompted to INITIALIZE. Entering YES, DVR
settings revert to default.
MAC addresses are 12-digit hexadecimal numbers (48 bits in length). For MAC ADDRESS, set the first
two byte sets to 00.00, and change the other bytes.
15. Alarm and Sensors Setup
Move the cursor to SENSOR SET in the SETUP MODE Top Main Menu, pressing the ENTER button
results in the SENSOR SETUP menu window appearing. This is illustrated below. Press the up or
down arrow buttons to move the cursor. Press the up or down arrow buttons to move the cursor. Press
the “+”or “-” buttons on the remote, or in the front panel, to change the values.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
The following Options are available in the SENSOR SETUP menu:
(1) CHANNEL SELECT: Select the channel to set up.
(2) ALARM ENABLE: Alarm trigger switch that can be set to OFF, LOW LEVEL or HIGH LEVEL; if
set to OFF, the DVR will ignore the alarm input. The default is OFF.
(3) MOTION ENABLE: Motion alarm switch can be set to ON or OFF; if set to OFF the motion alarm
will be ignored
(4) MOTION LEVEL: Motion sensitivity level. There are 5 options to choose from: VERY LOW, LOW,
NORMAL, HIGH, and VERY HIGH. If the moving (alarm triggering) object in the picture is small
relative to the monitor screen, set to HIGH or VERY HIGH. The default level is NORMAL.
(5) EVENT REC TIME: For how long the DVR records after the motion or sensor alarm is triggered.
The default value is 30 seconds.
(6) BUZZER SOUND: Buzzer sound duration when there is a sensor or motion alarm triggered. The
default value is one second.
(7) SCREEN SWITCH: If set to ON, when there is an alarm on any one channel, the screen will
automatically switch to full screen mode from that video channel. To deactivate this option, set to OFF.
(8) AREA SET: To set the picture area for each channel that can be motion detect enabled.
Note: Users should activate Schedule Set (explained below) after setting up these parameters to activate
the settings.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
16. Motion Detection Settings
1) When surveying nearby objects (2-10 meters)
For daytime hours, set the MOTION LEVEL detection sensitivity to NORMAL; at night set to LOW.
2) When surveying objects in 50-100 meters distance
The objects 50-100 meters away will appear quite small on the screen. For daytime hours, set the
motion detection sensitivity to HIGH level.
During nighttime hours (see below), set to NORMAL level.
Note: The above suggestions are the result of extensive testing. The user can select the best settings
for the actual operational environment.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
17. Area Set
Move the cursor to AREA SET in the SENSOR SETUP menu, pressing the ENTER button will result in
the image for AREA SETUP appearing. This is illustrated below. Pressing the up, down, left, right arrow
buttons moves the cursor throughout the sub areas in the screen. Pressing the ENTER button toggles the
sub areas between yellow (enabled) and gray (disabled). To copy the sub areas condition to adjacent sub
areas press ENTER continuously.
The sub areas set to yellow are motion detection enabled; the ones set to gray are motion detection
disabled.
START RECORDING: To start motion recording after setting up areas on all cameras hit ENTER
and then hit the “Schedule” button on the remote control or the front panel of the DVR.
18. USB Set
Move the cursor to USB SET in the SETUP MODE Top Main Menu, pressing the ENTER button results
in the USB UPDATE SETUP window appearing. When the USB device is plugged into the DVR, the
window will show information on the capacity of the device.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
There are two types of USBBACKUP SAVE: PICTURE and FILM.
PICTURE mode will backup still pictures; MOVIE mode will backup real video.
Press the “+” or “-” buttons in the front panel or remote to set the backup mode. Backup only works in
playback mode. The USB device max storage size supported is 4GB.
Note: To backup to the USB Port on the DVR a USB Flash Memory Card is normally used. To
backup with USB Flash, plug the device to the USB port in the back of the DVR. The USB Flash
should be detected. As mentioned above, still pictures or video can be backed up. Search and
playback the video files or set the frames to watch. This is further explained in the User Guideline.
The images are backed up to the USB Flash device.
To Playback the files, connect the USB Flash to a PC and run the Netviewer program. On the PC do a
HDD scan, click on Local Search and click on Open Folder and select the Flash Drive. Select the files
and click on PLAY in Netviewer.
USB FIRMWARE UPDATE: To update the DVR firmware create a new folder named “firmware” in the
USB device’s root directory, copy the update file to the folder, plug in the USB device to the DVR, enter
this menu and select UPDATE START and press the ENTER button. The system will start updating.
When updating is completed, the window will display information that the process is complete. Manually
reboot the DVR. To reboot the system simply unplug the power cable and then plug it back.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
19. Schedule Set
Move the cursor to SCHEDULE SET in the SETUP MODE Top Main Menu, pressing the ENTER button
results in the SCHEDULE SETUP menu window appearing. This is illustrated below:
The weekly recording schedule is setup for a period of time each day, from Monday to Sunday.
START: Start recording time
STOP: Stop recording time
START RECORDING: To start recording according to your schedule hit ENTER and then hit the
“Schedule” button on the remote control or the front panel of the DVR.
Note: Manual record mode (activate recording at any time) and Schedule record mode (including
motion detection record mode, sensor record mode and time schedule record mode) are not active
simultaneously. Once users select a Schedule record mode, manual record mode will invalid; once
users select manual record mode, schedule record mode will be invalid.
20. Protocol Set (Requires IT expertise)
For “speed dome cameras”, pan, tilt, zoom, etc. functions must be set up. If the protocol is set correctly,
the speed dome parameters for each camera can be controlled by the DVR or by a computer (See
Netviewer Software Installation and Operation in the User Guideline section).
Move the cursor to PROTOCOL SET in the SETUP MODE Top Main Menu, pressing the ENTER button
results in the PROTOCOL SET window appearing. This is illustrated below. Press up or down arrow
buttons to move the cursor, and press “+” or “-” to set the values for each channel.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
CHANNEL SEL: Channel which is connected to the speed dome camera to control
BAUD RATE: Changeable from 2400bps to 38400bps.The default value is 2400bps.
DOME ADDR: Address of the speed dome, changeable from 0x00 to 0xff.
PROTOCOL SEL: Protocol of speed dome; includes PELCO-P, PELCO-D, NEON, and LILIN. The
default is PELCO-P.
DVRPROTOCOL: Protocol suitable for computer/keyboard control of the DVR. See App. B.
DVRADDR: Address of the DVR for DVRPROTOCOL: From 0x00 to 0xff.
DVRBAUDRATE: Changeable from 2400bps to 38400bps.The default value is 4800bps.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
FRONT PANEL BUTTONS
The front panel of the video-recorder is illustrated below.
1. Recording/Playback Control Buttons
1. REC: This is the manual recording button. Press this button to record, re-press this button, it will
stop recording. This function may require a password (if setup). This button is the toggle control for
manual recording and stop recording operations. Recording and Stop will be simultaneous for all 4
channels. This button will not work when Schedule Mode is active.
2. PLAY: Press this button to start playing the video stored in the HDD, press this button again and it
will stop playing. This button is the toggle control for playing and stopping playback operations. Play
and Stop will be simultaneous for all active channels. This button will not work during Time Recording
setup by Schedule Set and during Alarm triggered recording.
3. PAUSE: Press this button to stop playing temporarily; press PLAY to continue play.
4. REW: Fast rewind button. Press this button to start fast backward search playing until the PLAY
button is pressed to start normal playing.
5. FORWARD: Fast forward button. Press this button to start fast forward playing until the PLAY
button is pressed to start normal playing. The fast forward function has five speeds; each time the
FORWARD button is pressed changes the forward speed to the next faster level.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
2.
Function Controls Area
1. Auto/1: Auto key. Pressing this button puts the DVR in auto sequence mode. Sequences each
channel image for the duration set in the Auto Sequence Set menu. Press any Channel Select button to
quit this mode (see section below). When inputting numbers this button is used to key in number “1”.
2. PIP/2: PIP key. Pressing this button puts the DVR in PIP mode. Refer to PIP Operation in the User
Guideline for details. Press any Channel Select button to quit PIP mode. When inputting numbers this
button is used to key in number “2”.
3. Zoom/3: Zoom key. Pressing this button puts the DVR in zoom mode. Refer to Zoom Operation in
the User Guideline section for details. Press this button again to cancel the zoom operation. When
inputting numbers this button is used to key in number “3”.
4. Trip/4: Trip key. Pressing this button puts the DVR in trip mode. Refer to Trip Operation on page
33 for details. When inputting numbers this button is used to key in number “4”.
5. Stop/5: Stop key. While recording or playing video, pressing this button will stop recording or
playing. This button will not work during Time Recording setup by Schedule Set and during Alarm
triggered recording. When inputting numbers this button is used to key in number “5”.
6. Search/6: Search key. Press this key to enter the Search Mode menu. See sections Play Search,
Time Search, Event Search and Start/Stop Search in the User Guideline for further details. When
inputting numbers this button is used to key in number “6”.
7. WM/7/+: Watermark key. If the DVR is playing video, press this button to see the watermark
symbol (WM) of the picture. If the video was recorded by this DVR and has not changed there will be the
watermark symbol (WM) in the picture. Pressing the watermark key again clears the display. When
inputting numbers this button is used to key in number “7”. When in System Setup menus, this is an
“increase” button.
8. Display/8/-: Display key. Press this button to display current information on the screen (see page
39), press again to clear the information display. When inputting numbers this button is used to key in
number “8”. When in System Setup menus, this is a “decrease” button.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
9. PTZ/9: Press this button to access the PTZ Control operations for speed domes. See the section
Pan-tilt-Zoom (PTZ) Operation in the User Guideline. Press once to access controls for the first speed
dome camera, press again to control the second speed dome, then the third, and finally the fourth speed
dome. Pressing again will exit PTZ Control. When inputting numbers this button is used to key in
number “9”.
10. USB/0: USB key. Pressing this button starts USB video backup during playback. Refer to USB
Device Backup in the User Guideline section for details. When inputting numbers this button is used to
key in “0”.
11. Menu: Menu access key. Press this button to enter the SETUP MODE Top Main Menu (a
password is needed). Press this key again to save settings and quit any current menu on the screen.
12. Schedule: Schedule key. Press this button to enter the Schedule Set state, set up in the
SCHEDULE SETUP menu. If the DVR is in schedule state, there will be an “S” on the screen. Press this
button again to quit schedule mode.
3. Channel Selection Controls Area
1. First Channel/UP: Press this button to see Channel 1 full screen. When selecting menu items,
press this button to move the cursor UP.
2. Second Channel/DOWN: Press this button to see Channel 2 full screen. When selecting menu
items, press this button to move the cursor DOWN.
3. Third Channel/LEFT: Press this button to see Channel 3 full screen. When selecting menu items,
press this button to move the cursor to the LEFT.
4. Fourth Channel/RIGHT: Press this button to see Channel 4 full screen. When selecting menu
items, press this button to move the cursor to the RIGHT.
5. Quad/ENTER: Press this button to see all channels 4 video. When selecting menu items, press
this button to select the item.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
DISPLAY STATUS WHILE RUNNING
1. Screen Display While Running
: Means DVR Schedule is on.
: Channel 1 has an Alarm input.
: Means there is an Alarm input.
: Channel 1 Audio is on.
: DVR is Recording Video now.
2. Screen Display While Playing
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
: DVR is playing video.
: Live picture is off.
PB: Playback
3. TRIP Display
A sample screen is shown below:
In TRIP Mode, there will be eight pictures on the screen: PB CH1 to PB CH4 are playing back video,
CAM 1 to CAM4 are live pictures, in this case OFF.
Press the Trip button or any Channel Control button to exit TRIP Mode.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
USER GUIDELINE
1. Turning the DVR ON

The contents in the “Precautions and Safety Instructions” at the beginning of this manual must
be understood and always complied with. Read this section carefully.

Before turning the DVR ON, check the system connections. All input and output peripherals and
devices must be properly and securely connected.

Ensure that the DVR’s video format (NTSC/PAL) and the monitor(s) video format (NTSC/PAL)
meet the technical requirements of each and are properly installed.

Turn on all exterior equipment after checking their connectivity and settings not controlled by
the DVR.

If required, insert and connect the removable hard disk to the DVR and lock it in (turn the hard
disk lock to the right-clockwise).

Plug the power cord to an AC90-240 outlet and press the power switch to ON in the front panel.
2. Turning the DVR OFF

Normally turn the DVR OFF when the system shuts down according to schedule or is idle (not
recording or playing). Do not turn off the DVR while playing, during playback or at any
stage of System Setup taking place. Do not turn off the DVR while recording.

Press the recording (REC) button to stop recording or press the PLAY button to stop playing or
exit from the System Setup menu before turning the power OFF.

If the DVR will not be used for a long time, also disconnect the power cord from the electrical
outlet.
3. Normal Recording Process

Turn power ON to DVR and all related peripheral devices (cameras, monitor).
there is video input.

Press the DISPLAY button to check the amount of spare space on the hard disk. If there
appears to be insufficient space on the hard disk, consider whether to change hard disk first or
select overwriting mode via System Setup.

Check all recording parameters set up before recording. Video quality and frame rate must be
defined. Recording settings cannot be modified during the recording process.

Manual recording is part of a normal recording process.
Ensure that
Under the manual recording mode
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
(non-schedule status), pressing the REC button will record video on ALL active channels.

Press the REC button to begin recording; four channels will start simultaneous recording. While
in normal recording mode, press the REC button again or the Stop button, enter the correct
password (if RECORD PASSWORD is set to ON) and it will stop recording.

During the recording process, if the hard disk is full, and the system is set to automatic overwrite,
then the recording will not be interrupted, and it will begin to overwrite the earliest recorded
segment; if the system is set to overwrite disabled, it will stop recording.
4. Alarm Recording

Alarm recording will not start by manually pressing the REC button.

Alarm recording can only be activated by an alarm input signal or a sensed motion, so it is very
important to check whether the connection of the alarm input equipment is correct (for all its
physical components), stable, reliable, and the alarm and sensors are properly setup. Refer to
Alarm and Sensors Connection in the SYSTEM CONNECTION section, and Alarm and Sensors
Setup and Motion Detection Settings in the SYSTEM SETUP section of this manual.

The precondition of whether the alarm recording can be activated by an exterior input signal or
by motion is that the system must be set via the SCHEDULE SET. Also, in the menu of Alarm
Setup, for alarm triggering, the Alarm Enable of the channel(s) must set to “ON”. And finally,
for motion alarm triggering, the Motion Enable of the respective channels must set to “ON”.
The Area Set for each channel must be defined for motion detection. Refer to the SYSTEM
SETUP sections of this manual.

Under an “off-schedule” status, the system will not start alarm recording. Setting the Schedule
ON or OFF is achieved by pressing the Schedule key on the front panel, not through a System
Setup menu and screen windows. Under a Schedule-ON situation, “S” will display on the screen.

Alarm video recording cannot stop by simply pressing the REC button, but will stop by
removing the set Schedule. Once the system is set on schedule, the schedule may not be removed
randomly, there is a password protection (if set up that way) to remove Schedule. In that case,
only after inputting the correct password, can the schedule settings be turned off (cancelled).

Check the Alarm recording setup before recording; confirm video quality and frame rate,
remember that the record settings cannot be modified during the recording process.

As long as the alarm triggering input signal is effective (active), the alarm recording continues.
After the alarm input signal becomes ineffective, the duration set up by “Alarm/Motion
Recording Time” (defined in the SENSOR SETUP menu for SENSOR RECTIME) becomes
effective, and when that extra time has expired, the alarm recording automatically stops. Again,
to manually stop the alarm recording, the only way possible is by removing the setup Schedule
as explained above.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
5. Time Recording

Time recording will begin and end automatically according to pre-determined time periods.
Recording is associated to a fixed timetable, for example, working hours or after hours recording
with fixed start/stop times. It is setup via the SCHEDULE SETUP menu for a weekly schedule.
See Schedule Set in the SYSTEM SETUP section of this manual.

To start the Time Recording function, prepare a recording schedule beforehand and set it up as
explained above. Press down the Schedule key on the front panel to set Schedule ON. The
schedule symbol “S” will display on the screen. Without pressing the Schedule button, the Time
Recording parameter setup will not work.

Time Recording is effective if the system is set up according to a Schedule.

During Time Recording, pressing the Schedule button in the front panel again and entering a
password (if set up that way) will stop time recording.

Because Time Recording is correlated with real time, before using this function adjust the
Time/Date settings. See the corresponding section in the SYSTEM SETUP section of this
manual.
6. Playback

Press the PLAY button and the DVR starts the playback of recorded images. In the process of
playing, press the PAUSE button to freeze playing, pressing PLAY again continues playback.
Pressing PLAY on the front panel or remote will start and stop playback.

During FORWARD (fast forward) playing or REW (fast rewind), pressing PLAY will resume
normal playing from the current location.

Continuously pressing the FORWARD button will cycle the fast-forward speed among five levels:
x2, x4, x8, x16 and x32. Continuously pressing the REW button will cycle the fast-rewind speed
among four levels: x2, x4, x8 and x16.

Pressing the PLAY button a second time will stop playing.
7. Play Search
Press the SEARCH button (front panel or remote) and the SEARCH MODE menu displays on the screen
as shown below:
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
TIME SEARCH: Search play by input time.
EVENT SEARCH: Search play by event list.
START STOP SEARCH: Search play by segment.
Press up and down arrow buttons to move the cursor, then press the ENTER button to enter the
respective sub menu selected. To quit from the Search Menu press the Menu key in the front panel or
remote.
8. Time Search
Move the cursor to TIME SEARCH in the SEARCH MODE menu, pressing the ENTER button will result
in the TIME SEARCH window appearing. This is illustrated below. If there are two HDDs, and both have
video data, press the Search button (front panel or remote) to change the HDD (Master or Slave).
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Press the left and right arrow buttons to move the cursor to define a date and a time. Press the “+” and “-”
buttons to modify the time fields. The START and END times will appear for the segment that contains the
time entered. Press the ENTER button to start playback from the time entered. If the time entered has no
recorded video, the DVR will automatically play the video closest to the time entered.
START: Beginning of the recorded segment; END: End time of recording. A “right” time is between
START and END. If the HDD has been overwritten, the START time maybe not correct.
Press the Menu button (front panel or remote) to go back to the SEARCH MODE Menu.
9. Event Search
Move the cursor to EVENT SEARCH in the SEARCH MODE menu, pressing the ENTER button will
result in the EVENT SEARCH window appearing. A sample screen is illustrated below.
There are four possible types of events that can be listed: MOTION, ALARM, SCHEDULE and
NETWORK. The listing is for ALL channels.
MOTION refers to motion alarm recording, ALARM refers to sensor alarm recording, SCHEDULE refers
to time recording, and NETWORK refers to network recording.
Press the up and down arrow buttons to move the cursor to highlight the event, press the left and right
arrow buttons to see the previous or next page. Press the ENTER button to play the segment selected.
Press the MENU button to go back to the SEARCH MODE Search Play menu.
If you have two HDD, and both have video data, press the Search button to change the HDD (toggle from
Master to Slave).
10. Start/Stop Search
Move the cursor to START STOP SEARCH in the SEARCH MODE menu, pressing the ENTER button
will result in the RECORD SEARCH window appearing. A sample screen is illustrated below.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
All recorded segments are displayed here. Press the up and down arrows button to move the cursor
among the segment list, press left and right buttons to see the previous or next page, select the segment and
press the ENTER button to play the segment . Press the MENU button to go back to the SEARCH
MODE Search Play menu.
If you have two HDD, and both have video data, press the Search button to change the HDD (toggle from
Master to Slave).
11. Zoom Operation
Press the ZOOM button in the front panel (or press the ZOOM key on the remote) and the DVR will be in
Zoom Mode. This is illustrated below. Press the up, down, left or right arrow buttons to move the Zoom
Area. Press the ENTER button to zoom in. Press the “+” or “-” buttons in the front panel or remote to
zoom in and out at different levels. Press the ZOOM button again to cancel the zoom operation.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
12. PIP (Picture in a Picture) Operation
Press the PIP button (front panel or remote) and the DVR will be in PIP mode. The PIP window appears.
This is illustrated below:
Pressing the PIP button again will change the PIP mode. Pressing and holding the PIP button can set each
PIP picture. When one channel name is in yellow, push the left and right buttons to change the selected
channel. Pressing the “+” or “-” button changes this channel’s picture from full screen to PIP. Press the
ENTER button to cancel this mode. Press any Channel Selection button to exit the PIP mode.
13. Information Display
Press the DISPLAY button in the front panel (or simply press the DISP key on the remote) and
information on the DVR will appear on the screen. This is illustrated below. For HDD, information
both for the MASTER and SLAVE disks is displayed.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
HDD MODEL: HDD type
HDD MAX: Capacity of hard disk(s) inserted in the DVR.
HDD USED: Hard Disk used (%).
HDD READ: During playback, Hard Disk viewed (%).
OVERWRITE: Overwrite enabling, ON or OFF.
REC SPEED: Frame rate speed for recording (fps).
RESOLUTION: Recording resolution.
V FORMAT: NTSC or PAL
REC QUALITY: Recording quality.
IP ADDRESS: IP address of the DVR.
S/W: Software Version
14. USB Device Backup

Press the Menu key (front panel of the DVR or remote) to enter the SETUP MODE Top Main
Menu (a password is needed). Move the cursor to USB SET in the SETUP MODE Top Main
Menu, pressing the ENTER button results in the USB UPDATE SETUP window appearing.
Plug in the USB device and, in the USB UPDATE SETUP window, information on the capacity
of the device will appear. There are two types of USBBACKUP SAVE: PICTURE and FILM.
PICTURE mode will backup still pictures; FILM mode will backup real video. Press the “+” or
“-” buttons in the front panel or the remote to set the mode.

To backup, USB Flash Memory Card is normally used. To backup with USB Flash, plug the
device to the USB port in the back of the DVR. After plugging the USB device check whether
the USB device was detected (information appears, in the menu window of USB UPDATE
SETUP), and that the available space of the USB device is enough. Select the backup mode
(PICTURE or FILM), then EXIT the menu setup pressing the Menu key.

If the USB Flash is detected as mentioned above, still pictures or movie segments can be backed
up. Search and playback the video files or set the frames to watch. Remember that backup is
available only in the playback mode. The images will be backed up to the USB Flash device as
explained below.

If you selected PICTURE for the USB BACKUP SAVE mode in the USB UPDATE SETUP menu,
press the USB button on the DVR front panel (or USB on the remote) to begin backup of the main
out picture to the USB device. During backup there will be an “S” on the screen, when it
disappears the backup of the picture is complete. The USB device can be unplugged and the
picture can be seen on a computer with the Netviewer software. Choose full screen display for still
pictures.

If you selected FILM for the USBBACKUP SAVE mode in the USB UPDATE SETUP menu,
press the USB button in the front panel (or USB on the remote) to mark the beginning of the main
out video to the USB device. Press the USB button again to select the end of the backup video
and begin backup. There will be an “A” on the screen. This operation may take some time.
Always make sure that the USB device has enough free space before backing up. When the “A”
disappears, the backup is complete. The video can be seen on a computer with the Netviewer
software.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder

To Playback the files, connect the USB Flash to a PC and run the Netviewer program. On the
PC do a scan, click on Local Search and click on Open Folder and select the Flash Drive. Select
the files and click on PLAY in Netviewer.
15. Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) Operation (Requires technical expertise for initial setup)

The DVR can control all the “speed dome” cameras that are connected to the DVR.

To control the speed domes, ensure that all the lines are properly connected and that the correct
protocol, baud rate, and speed dome’s address for each speed dome camera has been input.
Refer to Protocol Set in the SYSTEM SETUP section of this manual. For example, if the first
speed dome camera is connected to channel one, you should make sure that the baud rate, the
protocol, and speed dome’s address is the same as that of the speed dome camera connected to
the channel. Also refer to the setup and operations manual of the speed dome cameras.

To start controlling the speed dome cameras, press the PTZ button in the front panel or remote.
The characters “PTZ CAM 1” will appear on the screen, which means you are now controlling
the speed dome connected to Channel 01. Press the button again to control the speed dome that
connects to Channel 02, the character “PTZ CAM 2” will appear on the screen. The same
operation will access Channels 03 and 04. Press the PTZ button one more time to exit the PTZ
control operations.

During the PTZ control operation, press the UP, DOWN, LEFT and RIGHT buttons in the front
panel or remote to move the speed domes. Press the ENTER button to stop.

If you press the Iris button on the remote, “IRIS” will appear on the screen. The Iris is an
adjustable opening (aperture), which controls the amount of light coming through the lens (i.e. the
"exposure"). Pressing the “+” and “-” buttons will change the Iris. A similar operation will
control the FOCUS, ZOOM and SPEED. Press the ENTER button to stop adjustments for each.

Other DVR functions will not respond until the PTZ Control Operation is cancelled. Press the
PTZ button one more time to exit from PTZ Control.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
16. Default Settings
“Defaults” are the initial setup by the manufacturer. The user can change the setup according to the actual
environment and demands. If there is any confusion or unexpected effects or results, choose “Default
Settings” and readjust. One can choose “FACTORY RESET” in the “SYSTEM SET” menu, and reset all
settings to Default Settings. Default (factory) settings and the range of selection for the DVR are listed in
the chart below.
Item
S
Y
S
T
E
General
Settings
Setup items
Default
Setup
Selectable Setup
Year/Month/Day/
Hour/Minute
2005/01//01
12/00/00
2000~2099/Common sense
rules
Auto Time
1 second
0~99second
Buzzer Sound
ON
ON/OFF
Password
0000
N/A
Play Repeat
YES
YES/NO
Video Input
NTSC format
NTSC/PAL
Quality
Normal
Very High/High/Normal/Low
Overwrite Enable
YES
YES/NO
Rec Speed
30f/s(NTSC)
25f/s(PAL)
60f/s~1f/2s (NTSC)
50f/s~1f/2s (PAL)
Resolution
360
360/720
PB Speed
NO use
60f/s~no use(NTSC)
50f/s~no use(PAL)
Audio Enable
CAM 1
CAM1~CAM4/OFF
A/M REC Time
1 Minute
0~99minute
Sub Net
255.255.255.0
N/A
Gate Way
192.168.1.1
N/A
IP Address
192.168.1.167
N/A
Net Work State
LOCAL_LAN
LOCAL_LAN / EXTER_LAN
N/W Enable
ON
ON/OFF
Mac Address
0a0b0c0d0e0f
N/A
Alarm Enable
OFF
ON/OFF
Motion Enable
OFF
ON/OFF
Motion Level
Normal
Very Low/Low/
Normal/High/Very high
Buzzer Sound
No Use
0~99 second
Baud Rate
2400
2400/4800/9600/19200/38400
Protocol
PTC1
PTC1/ PTC2/ PTC3/ PTC4
Address
01
0~0xff
M
Recording
Parameters
S
E
T
U
P
Network
Settings
Alarm
Settings
Protocol
Setting
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
17. Remote Control
All the functions of the DVR can be operated by the remote.
18. Serial Port Control
To control the DVR through the RS485 port or to control the speed domes, make sure the protocol and
baud rate are correct. Refer to Appendix B.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
19. Netviewer Software Installation And Operation
Use the Netviewer software to view the DVR through the Internet and also view and backup video files
on the HDD through a PC. The DVR is normally connected to a Router using an Ethernet CAT5 Cable.
Open the software and the main control window below opens:
Click the “Setting” button to open the window below. Enter the IP address and click “OK” button.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Enter the IP address, factory default is 192.168.1.167, the first 3 numbers have to match your computer’s
IP, change them if they do not. Make sure the Subnet and Gateway in the network settings on the DVR
are the same as on your computer, if not, change the settings in the DVR to match your computer. You
can find your computer’s IP, Subnet, and Gateway by going to the start button on your computer, clicking
on “Run”, type CMD, click OK, and type IPCONFIG at the prompt. Check default set or input values for
AV Port, Command Port, Channel Enable, Video, etc. and click OK.
Click the “Connect” button in the main window. The Logon window appears. Enter the password and
click OK. The password is the same as the DVR password which is “0000” by default.
If the connection to the DVR is established the Connect OK window appears. Click the “OK” button,
and then click on the “Play” button (the clipboard image in the upper right hand corner of the program).
Remote Access: When users access the DVR on a remote computer through the Internet, they need to
open ports 5000-5001 (default which can be changed on the DVR) on the router the DVR is connected to.
Refer to the router manual, or go to http://www.portforward.com, click on the “Routers” link, click on the
model number of your router, and on the page for that model click on the “Default Guide” link to get
instructions on how to forward ports for your router. To access the DVR remotely you will also need to
put the IP address of the network the DVR is attached to into Netviewer. You can get this by going to the
website http://myipaddress.com from a computer that is attached to the same router as the DVR. Enter
this address into the IP window in Netviewer and enter the default password for the DVR which is
“0000” by default.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
The control buttons in the main Network Viewer window are:
1. PLAY: Click to start playing video in the DVR
2. STOP: Click to stop playing video.
3. AVI: Click to save the video in AVI format on the computer.
4. LOCAL: Video is saved in the computer by clicking LOCAL.
5. Live: Select this tab button to see video in real time. Click the PLAY button.
6. PlayBack: To view playback video in the DVR.
Refer to Net Search operation below.
7. ScanDisk: To set for viewing the video in the HDD or CD-RW recorded in the DVR when
connected to the computer.
8. FilePlay: To set for playing video files on the computer.
9. PTZ Control: To control the Fast Speed Dome Camera through the PC.

AVI Save: When playing video, click the AVI button and the video will save as AVI
format on the computer. The file can be played back with any media player that supports
this format.

Local: When playing video, click the LOCAL button and the video will be saved in the
computer. To play files with this software refer to File Play.

Live Operation: If the software is in live mode (click Live) and then clicking PLAY
will connect to the DVR. Live pictures will be transmitted to the channels display area
on the main window. Click STOP to quit live transmission.

Net Search operation: if the software is in net search mode (click PlayBack), net search
window will display. First select the HDD (Master or slave) of the DVR. The menu icons
are activated.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Click the “Get Event List” button then click on “Select Event List”. If the DVR has an Event List, the list
can be seen in the ListDlg window shown below:
Double click the Event to see the playback video.
Note: The Select Record List operation is similar to the Event List operation.

ScanDisk: Connect the HDD in the DVR to the PC as Slave and then select the ScanDisk tab. The
ScanDisk window will display. Click
and select the device to play the video. Play control
buttons and time location indicator are available.

FilePlay: If the software is in File Play mode (click FilePlay), the File Play window will display.
It can play video stored in the HDD of the computer. Click Open, select one video file then click
PLAY. The video file plays from the beginning. Moving the slide bar locates different times and
dates.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder

PTZ Control: The Fast Speed Dome cameras (selected via Protocol Set in the SETUP MODE
Top Main Menu) can be controlled through the following buttons:
(1)
: Camera swings up
(2)
: Camera swings down
(3)
: Camera swings left
(4)
: Camera swings right
(5)
: To fix the camera position
(6)
: Lengthen focus
(7)
: Shorten focus
(8)
: Increase light amount for exposure
(9)
: Decrease light amount for exposure
(10)
: ZOOM-IN
(11)
: ZOOM-OUT
(12)
: Speed controller of Fast Speed Dome
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
STANDARD AND PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
ITEM
SPECIFICATION
Video Signal
NTSC/PAL
Video Input
Composite: 1.0V p-p/75Ω, BNC×4
Video Output
Composite: 1.0V p-p/75Ω, BNC×2
Audio Input
-8Db 22KΩ, RCA connector×4
Audio Output
-8Db 3KΩ, RCA connector×1
Alarm Input
4
Alarm Output
1
Compression Standard
Modified MJPEG
Recording Time
18-1680 hours/40G
Electronic Clock
Year/Month/Day; Hour/Minute/Second
Confidential Function
Password protection
Power Source IN
DC12V via Adapter
Power
25W
Ambient Temperature
Work Temperature: +5°C~+50°C; humidity: < 90%
Store Temperature: -20°C~+70°C; humidity: < 95%
Exterior Size
432×55×286mm
Weight
About 3.2Kg
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Exterior size
432mm
AUTO ZOOM
70mm
55mm
PIP
TRIP
STOP SEARCH W M / + DISPLAY/ MENU SCHEDULE
POW ER
REC
PLAY
PAUSE REW FORWARD
286mm
EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES SUPPLIED
Name
Quantity
4-channel hard disk video recorder
1
Remote
1
Power Cord
1
Keys to removable hard disk control lock
2
User Guideline
1
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact the dealer directly.
50
4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
APPENDIX A: Q&A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Q. What kind of cameras should I buy for this DVR?
A. Any BNC or RCA interface indoor/outdoor/infrared camera will work with the DVR. It doesn’t matter
whether it’s a color or black/white camera. However, web cameras that require a USB interface are not
compatible with the DVR.
Q. What kind of alarm devices should I buy for this DVR?
A. Most sound alarm systems are compatible with our DVR.
Q. I can’t turn the DVR on.
A. Make sure that the power cord is plugged in correctly and the power light on DVR front panel is on.
Q. I see nothing but a blue screen after I turn on the DVR.
A. Check the camera input and video output connection on DVR back panel. If you can’t any find
problem with these connections, check whether the camera power cable is firmly connected. Make sure
the system format for NTSC and PAL is set up correctly.
Q. I see a fatal error message on the screen.
A. If you see an error message such as “System fatal error has occurred”, disconnect, pull out and
re-install the hard disk drive. Also make sure that hard disk rack is firmly locked. If this does not correct
the problem, replace the hard disk.
Q. Can I prevent other people from stopping the recording while I am gone?
A. If the DVR is in Schedule or Recording mode, and the password requirement is set to “on” in menu
setup, no one can change the set parameters without the right password.
Q. How can I erase all data on the hard disk drive?
A. Select “HDD Format Set” option in the menu to do so.
Q. I forgot my password. What should I do?
A. You can reset the DVR’s password to the factory default (0000). How you would do this depends on
the firmware version that is on your DVR. You can find this by pushing the “Display” button on your
DVR and looking at the bottom line that says “S/W Ver”.
If the number ends in 2005123015 you would enter 2005 on the remote control and hit enter, or enter
3005 on the front panel buttons and hit enter.
If the number ends in 2006010417 through 2006032011 you would enter 2005 on the remote control or
the buttons on the front panel.
If the number ends in 2006041314 or higher you would press “pause” on the front panel 12 times.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Q. Can my desktop PC read the video data on hard disk drive in DVR?
A. Yes, you can use the Netviewer software to read all the video data on the hard disk.
Q. What happens if I install my PC hard disk drive into the DVR?
A. You can use a PC hard disk drive in the DVR. However, once it runs in the DVR, it will delete any PC
operation system information and existing files on the hard disk drive.
Q. What kind of hard disk drive should I purchase to make the DVR run?
A. Any PC compatible IDE, ATA hard disk drive will work.
Q. Does this DVR kit come with sensors, cameras, or hard disk drive?
A. No. You have to buy each accessory separately.
Q. What is the maximum capacity to record?
A. Up to a year with two 120 GB HDDs at the lowest quality setting when set at 1 frame per second.
Q. Does this DVR come with a remote control either hardwire or wireless?
A. Yes, there is a wireless remote control that comes with the DVR.
Q. Why am I unable to access the Time/Date Set, HDD Format Set and Record Set setup menus?
A. You need to stop record or play before you can access these menus.
Q. Why can’t I access the Network Set menu?
A. You need to stop the connection of the Netviewer software from the internet or network before you
access Network Set menu.
Q. I press the Record button, but the DVR does not start recording, why?
A. Press the Display button to see if there is a hard disk detected, also check to see if the DVR is in
Schedule mode (there is a “S” on the screen in yellow in this mode). One cannot start recording by
pressing the Record button in Schedule mode. Press the Schedule button again to cancel Schedule mode.
If the hard disk is not detected, check its installation.
Q. I press the Stop button, but the DVR does not stop recording, why?
A. If the DVR is recording in Schedule mode (there is an “S” on the screen), you cannot stop recording
unless you quit the Schedule mode first. Press the Schedule button to cancel Schedule Mode.
Q. There is movement that should have been detected, but the DVR does not start recording.
A. Make sure the Motion Enable of that channel is on, the Area Set is setup properly, the Alarm/Motion
Rec Time is not set to off, and the DVR is in Schedule mode. Otherwise, set the motion level sensitivity to
HIGH or VERY HIGH.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Q. When the network connection between DVR and client computer is cut off, why does the DVR
and the clock stop?
A: In case the network is disconnected inadvertently, the DVR will temporarily stop for 20 seconds
without response to any pressing of the front panel buttons. 20 seconds later, it will restore itself to
normal, but the icon that shows network status will not disappear for 10 minutes. During this period the
client computer cannot connect to the DVR or enter the network menus.
Q. What HDD capacity does this DVR support?
A. Any capacity size of HDD is supported by the DVR, but if the size is larger than 300G, it may display
only 300G on the DVR monitor, but this does not affect the real HDD capacity installed in the DVR.
Q. How can I monitor the cameras on a Remote Computer?
A. IT expertise may be required for this setup. Plug an RJ45 cable from the back of the DVR to the
Switch/Hub or Router. The default network settings on this DVR are as follows:
IP Address: 192.168.1.167; Subnet: 255.255.255.0; Gateway: 192.168.1.1; Video Port: 5000; Command
Port: 5001.
From a PC connected to the same router as the DVR find out the IP Address of the router by going to the
Start button, click on Run-type in CMD and click OK, then type in IPCONFIG at the curser to list the IP,
Gateway and Subnet. If the IP is 192.168.1.xxx, then nothing else is needed. But if the IP is something
like this: 192.168.0.xxx and Gateway: 192.168.0.1, then the IP of the DVR must be changed. Go to the
SETUP MODE menu and then to NETWORK SETUP and change the IP to 192.168.000.167 and Gateway
to 192.168.000.001. Refer to the Router Manual under Router Setup on how to do port forwarding, to
forward ports 5000 and 5001, to the IP Address of the DVR. To access the DVR remotely you will also
need to put the IP address of the network the DVR is attached to into Netviewer. You can get this by
going to the website http://myipaddress.com from a computer attached to the same router as the DVR.
Enter this address into the IP window in Netviewer and enter the password for the DVR which is 0000 by
default. Also refer to pages 44-48, Netviewer software installation.
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
APPENDIX B: SERIAL PORT PROTOCOL
Serial port setting: BAUD, n, 8, 1 (BAUD =2400, 4800, 9600, 19200,38400)
PTC1: (three byte)
Command (CHAR)
Hexadecimal Number
Function Description
/RE
0x2F 0x52 0x45
Record
/TP
0x2F 0x54 0x50
Play
/PE
0x2F 0x50 0x45
Pause
/RT
0x2F 0x52 0x54
Rewind
/FT
0x2F 0x46 0x54
Forward
/FS
0x2F 0x46 0x53
Auto/1
/FS
0x2F 0x5A 0x4D
Zoom/2
/ZM
0x2F 0x50 0x50
PIP/3
/RS
0x2F 0x52 0x53
Trip/4
/SP
0x2F 0x53 0x50
Stop/5
/SH
0x2F 0x53 0x48
Search/6
/QY
0x2F 0x51 0x59
Water mark/7/+
/DY
0x2F 0x44 0x59
Display/8/-
/SE
0x2F 0x53 0x45
PTZ/9
/FF
0x2F 0x46 0x46
USB/0
/AF
0x2F 0x41 0x46
Menu
/SC
0x2F 0x53 0x43
Schedule
/01
0x2F 0x30 0x31
Ch1/up
/02
0x2F 0x30 0x32
Ch2/down
/03
0x2F 0x30 0x33
Ch3/left
/04
0x2F 0x30 0x34
Ch4/right
/22
0x2F 0x32 0x32
Chall/enter
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
PTC2: (seven byte)
Transmitting S.N.
Specs for
Transmitting
Instructions
Byte1
0x03
Fixed byte
Byte2
0xaa
DVR identifier word
Byte3
0x01
Fixed byte
Byte4
Device id
DVR device address
Byte5~7
Refer to PTC 1
Same command as PTC 1
PTC3: (seven byte)
Byte1
Byte2
Byte3
Byt4
0xFF
Addr
Var1
Var2
Byte5
Byte6
Byte7
Check sum
Var1
Var2
Function
PELCO-D
0x00
0x08
Ch1/up
Up
0x00
0x10
Ch2/down
Down
0x00
0x04
Ch3/left
Left
0x00
0x02
Ch4/right
Right
0x04
0x00
Chall/enter
Iris close
0x00
0x40
Record
Zoom wide
0x00
0x20
Play
Zoom tele
0x02
0x00
Search
Iris open
0x00
0x80
WM/+
Focus far
0x01
0x00
Display/-
Focus near
Byte 5 and byte 6 have random values from 0x00 to 0xff.
Byte 7 = mod [(byte2 + byte3 + byte4 + byte5 + byte6)/100]
Note: This protocol is the same as PELCO-D, which is used to control the speed domes. If PELCO-D is
used to control speed domes via a keyboard, the keyboard can be used to control the DVR through this
protocol. Different addresses can be used to distinguish the DVR and the speed domes.
55
4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
PTC4: (eight byte)
Byte1
Byte2
Byte3
Byte4
Byte5
Byte6
Byte7
Byte8
0xa0
Addr
0x00
0x07
0x00
Var
0xAF
Checksum
Byte8 = byte1 xor byte2 xor byte3 xor byte4 xor byte5 xor byte6 xor byte7
Var
Function
Var
Function
0x01
Ch1/Up
0x0C
Schedule
0x02
Ch2/Down
0x0D
0/USB
0x03
Ch3/Left
0x0E
1/Auto
0x04
Ch4/Right
0x0F
2/Zoom
0x05
Chall/Enter
0x10
3/PIP
0x06
Record
0x11
4/Trip
0x07
Play
0x12
5/Stop
0x08
Pause
0x13
6/Search
0x09
Reward
0x14
7/WM/Add
0x0A
Forward
0x15
8/display/Dec
0x0B
Menu
0x16
9/PTZ
Note: This protocol is the same as PELCO-P’s call function; the PELCO-P’s call function can be used to
control the DVR. First, the correct protocol must be set, including baud rate and address; second, press
the call button on the keypad, then press the number according to Var above. Press the ENTER button to
set.
APPENDIX C:
RECORDING CAPACITY FOR 120GB HDD
Rec Rate frames/sec
Picture Quality
Resolution
Recording Time
60 fps
Very high
720
22.5 hours
60 fps
Low
720
60 hours
120 fps
Normal
360
22.5 hours
1 fps
Normal
720
2160 hours
Note: The above values are from test results and presented just for users’ reference. Different
definition and stabilization (objects’ movement) of images will give different results.
56
4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
APPENDIX D:
INTERNET VIEW/PLAYBACK CONFIGURATION
1. About the Network
Users can select the following types of Network:
1): Local Area Network (LAN): Telecom companies offer Internet connection, e.g. optical fiber, and
users of a community/building set up with the Internet server. Cables installed in the end user’s
office/home via HUB.
2): ADSL: User applies for ADSL from Internet services supplier and connect an ADSL MODEM.
Connect the computer to the ADSL MODEM. Input user name and password in the dialing software so
that users can connect to the Internet.
3): Close Circuit Television Broadband: Users apply for CCTV connection from a CCTV services
supplier. Connect the computer to a CABLE MODEM to access internet services.
4): In companies or Internet cafes: Network administrators utilize routers or a proxy server to connect
all the computers to one Internet cable. All the computers will use the same Internet IP address.
Corporations are currently using this type of network connection.
ISP
In te rn e t
ADSL M o d e m
Ro u te r
Sw ic t h e r
SWITCHER
LAN
C O M PA N Y
ISP
ADSL M o d e m
In te rn e t
HOME
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
2. Network Configuration
After connecting to the Internet, DVR users should configure for remote view/playback.
1. LAN: When in LAN, network administrators should open the following ports for specific computers:
5000- 5001. Please make sure that other services do not use the same ports.
2. PROXY SERVER: If the connection to the Internet is by proxy server, users should utilize port
mapping software and open ports 5000 –5001 for the surveillance DVR.
3. ROUTER: If users connect to the Internet by router, users should add the IP address of the
surveillance DVR and open the above mentioned ports in DMZ setup or via Virtual Server setup of the
router (the names may be different for different types of routers) To do this, from a PC connected to the
same router as the DVR find out the IP Address of the router by going to the Start button, click on
Run-type in CMD and click OK, then type in IPCONFIG at the curser to list the IP, Gateway and Subnet.
If the IP is 192.168.1.xxx, then nothing else is needed. But if the IP is something like this:
192.168.0.xxx and Gateway: 192.168.0.1, then the IP of the DVR must be changed. Go to the SETUP
MODE menu and then to NETWORK SETUP and change the IP to 192.168.000.167 and Gateway to
192.168.000.001. Refer to your Router Manual under Router Setup on how to do port forwarding, to
forward ports 5000 and 5001 to the IP Address of the DVR. To access the DVR remotely you will also
need to put the IP address of the network the DVR is attached to into Netviewer. You can get this by
going to the website http://myipaddress.com from a computer attached to the same router as the DVR.
Enter this address into the IP window in Netviewer and enter the password for the DVR which is 0000
by default, a sample router setup for port forwarding is shown below:
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4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
Under Protocol Type select Both, if there is no Both option then you have to create an entry for TCP, and
then create another entry for UDP so that the ports are forwarded for both protocols.
59
4 Channel Digital Video Recorder
You may also need to modify the firewall on the router to allow the ports to be forwarded. Below is a
sample of what that program may look like on your router:
4. CABLE and ADSL MODEM: For CABLE MODEM and ADSL MODEM types, the configuration is
somewhat similar. If users use a CABLE/ADSL network connection and the surveillance system
computer connects to the CABLE/ADSL MODEM, then the ports should all open by default. If not, close
the Firewall per the MODEM user’s manual. Since CABLE and ADSL MODEM network users usually
use dynamic IP addresses, once the MODEM restarts, the IP addresses will change. In this case, users
should contact their Internet Service Provider for a static IP address for the DVR.
Version 2.0
60
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