Robinair Cool Tech High Performance Vacuum Pump 15434 User manual

Robinair Cool Tech High Performance Vacuum Pump 15434 User manual
VacuMaster Pump Specifications
IMPORTANT
Warranty Registration Card
FOLD ON LINE AND TAPE TO SEAL. DO NOT STAPLE.
Free Air Displacement
Stages
Motor Speed
Voltage +10%
Factory Micron Rating
Approximate Oil Capacity
Weight
Width
Height
Length
Intake
4 CFM
2
1725 RPM
115V 60 HZ
20 microns
13 oz.
29 lbs.
55/8 in.
93/4 in.
15 in.
1/2” Acme
and 1/4” Flare
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○
Operating
Manual
Min. Starting Temp.
(at 90% Voltage)
Motor Size
32oF
1
/3 hp
Capacitor Start
Operating Temp.
155oF
Note: 1. All motors are internally protected (automatic reset).
2. Operating temperatures are typical for normal operating
conditions.
U.S Patents: 4,523,897; 5,209,653. Other U.S. and Foreign Patents Pending.
Due to ongoing product improvements, we reserve the right to change design,
specifications and materials without notice.
Attn: Robinair Marketing
SPX Corporation
655 Eisenhower Drive
Owatonna, MN 55060-0995
FIRST CLASS PERMIT NO. 72 OWATONNA, MN
POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE
BUSINESS REPLY MAIL
SPX Corporation
655 Eisenhower Drive
Owatonna, MN 55060-0995 USA
Technical Services: 1-800-822-5561
Fax: 1-800-822-7805
Customer Service: 1-800-533-6127
Fax: 1-800-322-2890
Web Site: www.robinair. com
115247 (Rev. B 04/14/03)
CoolTech Pump Manual 15434
© SPX Corporation
High Performance Vacuum Pump
Model 15434
For use with refrigerants
R-12, R-22, R-500, R-502, or R-134a
NO POSTAGE
NECESSARY
IF MAILED
IN THE
UNITED STATES
CoolTech® High Performance Vacuum Pumps
Congratulations on purchasing one of Robinair’s top quality CoolTech®
vacuum pumps. Your pump has been engineered specifically for air
conditioning and refrigeration service, and is built with Robinair’s
proven offset rotary vane for fast, thorough evacuation.
You’ll appreciate these key features...
Iso-ValveTM
Allows the pump to be shut off while still connected to the A/C-R
system, which is handy for checking rate of rise. With the valve handle
in the OPEN position, the pump is open to the system being evacuated.
In the CLOSED position, the pump is isolated from the system.
High
Vacuum
Rating
The two-stage, offset rotary vane design provides powerful, quiet high
vacuum capability and assures moisture removal, while the high
pumping capacity reduces evacuation time.
Multiple
Refrigerant
Capability
The 15434 can be used for R-12, R-22, R-500, and R-502, as well as
for R-134a. The inlet “tee” has both 1/4" SAE male flare and 1/2" Acme
fittings to accommodate hoses from either type of manifold.
Directed
Exhaust
The exhaust is expelled through the handle to direct it away from the
service technician.
Gas
Ballast
A precise amount of atmospheric air is introduced into the pump,
preventing condensation of moisture vapor and helping maintain the
purity of the pump oil. By using the gas ballast, the pump operates more
efficiently and pump life is extended.
Sure-Grip
Handle
The one-piece, molded handle makes it easy to carry the pump to and
from job sites, and the handle stays cool to the touch during operation.
Compact
Design
Your pump measures approximately 15" long, while aluminum housing
and offset rotary vanes keep the pump weight low, making it easy to
carry.
1
Pump Components
1. Intake Fitting (upper fitting is 1/2"
Acme, side fitting is 1/4" SAE)
2. Gas Ballast Valve (located beside
handle base)
3. Oil Fill Port
4. Sight Glass
5. Die-Cast Aluminum Housing
6. Oil Drain
7. Molded Polycarbonate Base
8. Iso-ValveTM— Isolates the pump from
the system
9. Powerful, High Torque Motor
10. Power Switch
11. Through-The-Handle Exhaust
12. Sure-Grip Handle
For use on A/C-R systems using CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs in
conjunction with mineral oil, ester oil, alkylbenzene oil and
PAG oil as lubricants. Not for use with ammonia or lithium
bromide systems. Not for use with flammable refrigerants.
2
WARNINGS
Always wear goggles when working with refrigerant. Contact with
refrigerant may cause injury.
Improper use or connections may cause electrical shock hazards.
Read and follow the instructions carefully and take precautions to
avoid electrical shock hazards. Be sure that all associated devices
are properly grounded before energizing circuits.
The normal operating temperature will cause certain external
portions of the pump to be hot to the touch. Do not touch the pump
housing or motor during operation.
Use separate manifolds and hoses for R-134a systems. Cross-contamination with other refrigerant types will cause severe damage to
the A/C system and to service tools and equipment. Do not mix
refrigerant types through a system or in the same container!
Avoid breathing refrigerant and lubricant vapor or mist. Exposure
may irritate eyes, nose, and throat. To remove R-134a from the A/C
system, use service equipment certified to meet the requirements of
SAE J2210 (R-134a recycling equipment). If accidental system discharge occurs, ventilate work area before resuming service.
HFC-134a service equipment or vehicle A/C systems should not be
pressure tested or leak tested with compressed air. Some mixtures of
air/HFC-134a have been shown to be combustible at elevated pressures. These mixtures are potentially dangerous and may result in
fire or explosion causing injury or property damage.
Additional health and safety information may be obtained from
refrigerant and lubricant manufacturers.
3
Before using your vacuum pump...
Note on Motor Voltage Connections:
In all cases, motors are designed for operating voltages plus or minus
10% of the normal rating (see SPECIFICATIONS). Single voltage
motors are supplied fully connected and ready to operate.
1. Check to be sure the voltage and frequency at the outlet match the
specifications on the pump motor decal. Check the ON-OFF switch to
be sure it is in the OFF position before you plug the pump into an
outlet. Check to be sure the gas ballast valve is closed. Remove and
discard the exhaust plug from the end of the pump’s handle.
2. The pump is shipped without oil in the reservoir. Before starting the
pump, fill it with oil. Remove the OIL FILL cap (black plastic plug
directly in front of the handle), and add oil until oil just shows in the
bottom of the sight glass. Approximate oil capacity of pump:
13 ounces.
3. Replace the OIL FILL cap, and remove the cap from one of the inlet
ports. Turn the Iso-Valve to OPEN. Turn the motor switch to ON.
When the pump runs smoothly, turn the Iso-Valve to CLOSED and
replace the cap on the inlet port. This may take from two to 30
seconds depending on the ambient temperature. After the pump runs
for approximately one minute, check the sight glass for proper oil
level — oil should be even with the sight glass OIL LEVEL line. Add
oil if necessary.
NOTE: When the pump is running, the oil level should be even with the
line on the sight glass. Underfilling will result in poor vacuum performance. Overfilling can result in oil blowing from the exhaust.
4
Your pump is now ready to evacuate air conditioning and refrigeration
systems. Follow normal service procedures and the A/C-R manufacturer’s instructions for connections to the system.
CAUTION
Before connecting your vacuum pump to an A/C-R system,
remove refrigerant from the system in an accepted manner
using an approved recovery unit. Damage to the pump may
occur if evacuation is started while the system is under high
pressure.
To use the gas ballast feature...
Moisture from the A/C-R system that is carried into the pump as a vapor
tends to condense into a liquid and combine with the vacuum pump oil.
When moisture contaminates the pump oil, it reduces the pump’s ability
to reach its ultimate deep vacuum level.
The gas ballast valve purges a small amount of atmospheric air through
the exhaust chamber. This extra volume of air mixes with the vapor from
the refrigerant system to prevent condensation and to help exhaust
moisture in the form of vapor from the pump.
To use the gas ballast, start the pump and open the gas ballast valve until
the system has reached approximately 1000–3000 microns. Close the
valve to allow the pump to pull down to its ultimate vacuum level. The
gas ballast valve is located beside the handle, opposite the inlet fitting.
The gas ballast valve may be opened or closed at any time during pump
operation. It is fully open at two turns counterclockwise.
NOTE: Robinair recommends the use of a thermistor vacuum gauge to
most accurately measure vacuum levels.
5
To shut down your pump after use...
To help prolong pump life and promote easy starting, follow these
procedures for shutdown:
1. Close the manifold valve between the pump and the system.
2. Turn the Iso-Valve to the CLOSED position.
3. Remove the hose from the pump inlet.
4. Turn the pump power switch to OFF, then return the Iso-Valve to the
OPEN position for a few seconds to relieve any vacuum inside the
pump.
5. Cap the inlet port to prevent any contamination or loose particles
from entering the port.
6
To maintain your high vacuum pump...
For maximum performance, Robinair recommends changing vacuum
pump oil after each use.
Vacuum
Pump Oil
The condition and type of oil used in any high vacuum pump are
extremely important in determining the ultimate attainable vacuum.
Robinair recommends the use of our Premium High Vacuum Pump Oil.
This oil has been specifically blended to maintain maximum viscosity at
normal running temperatures and to improve cold weather starts.
Robinair Premium High Vacuum Pump Oil is available in handy quart
containers or in convenient gallon containers. Order by part number:
13203 — Quart (shipped 12 quarts per case)
13204 — Gallon (shipped 4 gallons per case)
Oil Change
Procedure
1. Be sure the pump is warmed up.
2. Remove the OIL DRAIN cap. Drain contaminated oil into a suitable
container and dispose of properly. Oil can be forced from the pump
by opening the inlet and partially blocking the exhaust with a cloth
while the pump is running. Do not operate the pump for more than 20
seconds using this method.
3. When the flow of oil has stopped, tilt the pump forward to drain
residual oil.
4. Replace the OIL DRAIN cap. Remove the OIL FILL cap, and fill the
reservoir with new vacuum pump oil until the oil just shows at the
bottom of the sight glass. The approximate oil capacity of the pump is
13 ounces.
7
5. Be sure the inlet ports are capped, then turn ON the pump. Allow it to
run for one minute, then check the oil level. If the oil is below the
sight glass OIL LEVEL line, add oil slowly (with the pump running)
until the oil reaches the OIL LEVEL line. Replace the OIL FILL cap,
making sure the inlet is capped and the drain cap is tight.
6. If the oil is badly contaminated with sludge that forms when water is
allowed to collect in the oil, drain the oil from the pump and remove
the six screws holding the reservoir cover. Lift the cover off the
pump and wipe out the inside of the reservoir with a rag.
Repeat this procedure as required until the contamination is removed.
Replace the OIL DRAIN cap, and refill the reservoir to the proper level
with fresh pump oil (see Step 4).
To Clean
The Pump
Clean the pump with soap and water only. Do not use commercial
cleaners that contain degreasing agents that can damage polycarbonates.
The pump handle and base are made of Lexan®, one of the toughest
polycarbonate plastics available. However, it is sensitive to degreasing
agents.
*Lexan is a registered trademark of General Electric
8
Troubleshooting Guide
Your CoolTech® pump has been designed for dependable use and long
life. If something should go wrong, however, the following guide will
help you get the pump back into service as quickly as possible.
If disassembly of the pump is required, please check your warranty. The
warranty may be voided by misuse or customer tampering which results
in the pump being inoperable.
Failure
To Start
Oil
Leakage
Check the line voltage. Robinair pumps are designed to start at +10%
line voltage (loaded) at 32o F. At extremes, however, switching between
the start and run windings may occur. When starting the pump in cold
temperatures, be sure the Iso-Valve and inlet port are open to free air.
1. Be sure the oil is not a residual accumulation from spillage, etc.
2. If leakage exists, the module cover gasket or the shaft seal may need
replacing. Follow the instructions supplied with the seal replacement
kit, part number 15367. If leakage exists in the area of the oil drain
plug, you may need to reseal the plug using a commercial pipe thread
sealer.
Failure To
1. Be sure the Iso-Valve on the pump is in the OPEN position and the
Pull A Good
gas ballast knob is tightly sealed.
Vacuum
2. Be sure the vacuum gauge and all connections are in good conditon
and leak-free. You can confirm leakage by monitoring the vacuum
with a thermistor gauge while applying vacuum pump oil at connections or suspected leak points. The vacuum will improve briefly
while the oil is sealing the leak.
3. Be sure the pump oil is clean. A badly contaminated pump may
require several oil flushes. See OIL CHANGE PROCEDURE.
NOTE: Use only high vacuum pump oil. Other oils will prevent pulldown to a deep vacuum.
9
4. Check to be sure the gas ballast knob is tightly closed.
5. Be sure the oil is at the proper level. For maximum pump operation,
the oil must be even with the OIL LEVEL line on the sight glass
when the pump is running. See OIL CHANGE PROCEDURE. Do
not overfill — operating temperatures will cause the oil to expand so
it will appear at a higher level than when the pump is not running. To
check the oil level, start the pump with the inlet capped. Check the
oil level in the sight glass. Add oil if necessary.
When You
Need Help
If these procedures do not correct the problem,
contact your nearest Robinair distributor. The
distributor may recommend an additional replacement part (this manual contains a parts list) or
suggest you send your pump to the nearest
authorized service center. Call Robinair’s toll-free
Technical Support Line for further information.
You may also visit our website at
www.robinair.com for technical support.
800-822-5561
Warranty Coverage
Robinair CoolTech® vacuum pumps are warranted against defects in
material and workmanship for one year of normal use from the date of
purchase. See your distributor for warranty details.
Out of
Warranty
10
A pump which is no longer covered by the one-year warranty period
and which fails to operate properly should be returned to the distributor
or an authorized Robinair Service Center with a full written explanation
of the problem. Before returning an out-of-warranty pump, review all
maintenance procedures to avoid an unnecessary return. Replacement
parts are available for doing your own service.
Replacement Parts
Part
Figure
Part No.
Oil Drain Cap, brass (qty. 6)
1
40572
Oil Drain (includes cap)
2
48116
Cover Kit (includes
items 1, 2, 4, 5, 16)
3
15337
Oil Fill Cap (includes
Gas Ballast Valve #6)
4
15371
Inlet “Tee” Fitting (includes caps)
7
15495
Inlet Cap, 1/2" Acme (qty. 2)
8
15330
Inlet Cap, 1/4" flare nylon (qty. 6)
9
41139
Vent Bolt (includes O-rings)
10
15338
Handle, Power Cord
and Switch Assembly
11
15366
Motor
12
15344
Coupling
13
48103
Iso-ValveTM Assembly
14
15368
Base and Foot Assembly
15
15369
Module Assembly
(includes items 1– 9 & 14)
16
15547
Replacement Seal Kit (not shown)
17
15367
11
10
8
7
9
6
11
5
12
13
4
3
14
16
15
17
INST0001
Because of ongoing product improvements, we reserve the right
to change design, specifications, or materials without notice.
12
2
1
VacuMaster Pump Specifications
IMPORTANT
Warranty Registration Card
FOLD ON LINE AND TAPE TO SEAL. DO NOT STAPLE.
Free Air Displacement
Stages
Motor Speed
Voltage +10%
Factory Micron Rating
Approximate Oil Capacity
Weight
Width
Height
Length
Intake
4 CFM
2
1725 RPM
115V 60 HZ
20 microns
13 oz.
29 lbs.
55/8 in.
93/4 in.
15 in.
1/2” Acme
and 1/4” Flare
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○
Operating
Manual
Min. Starting Temp.
(at 90% Voltage)
Motor Size
32oF
1
/3 hp
Capacitor Start
Operating Temp.
155oF
Note: 1. All motors are internally protected (automatic reset).
2. Operating temperatures are typical for normal operating
conditions.
Due to ongoing product improvements, we reserve the right to change design,
specifications and materials without notice.
Attn: Robinair Marketing
SPX Corporation
655 Eisenhower Drive
Owatonna, MN 55060-0995
FIRST CLASS PERMIT NO. 72 OWATONNA, MN
POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE
BUSINESS REPLY MAIL
SPX Corporation
655 Eisenhower Drive
Owatonna, MN 55060-0995 USA
Technical Services: 1-800-822-5561
Fax: 1-800-822-7805
Customer Service: 1-800-533-6127
Fax: 1-800-322-2890
Web Site: www.robinair. com
115247 (Rev. B 04/14/03)
CoolTech Pump Manual 15434
© SPX Corporation
High Performance Vacuum Pump
Model 15434
For use with refrigerants
R-12, R-22, R-500, R-502, or R-134a
NO POSTAGE
NECESSARY
IF MAILED
IN THE
UNITED STATES
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