Robinair 25176B User manual

Robinair 25176B User manual
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REFRIGERANT RECOVERY SYSTEM
USER’S OPERATING MANUAL
25176B
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
OPERATING GUIDELINES
4
5-6
CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF YOUR 25176B
ADDITIONAL RECOVERY TANK INFORMATION
PURGING NON-CONDENSABLE GASES
HELPFUL HINTS FOR REFRIGERANT RECOVERY
OPERATING YOUR 25176B
DIAGRAM FOR REFRIGERANT RECOVERY
SELF PURGING YOUR 25176B
SELF PURGE/AUTO EVACUATE
DIAGRAM FOR “PUSH/PULL” METHOD
6
7
8
9-10
11
11
12
12
13
SET-UP DIAGRAM FOR TANK PRE OR SUB COOLING PROCEDURE
13
OPTIONAL RECOVERY / TANK PRE OR SUB
COOLING FOR FIXED HOSE SET-UP
14
REFRIGERANT FLOW DIAGRAM
25176B PARTS DIAGRAM/PARTS AND ACCESSORIES LIST
25176B AND 25176B-KT WIRING DIAGRAMS
15
16
17
INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL 80% TANK
CAPACITY SENSING COMPONENTS (KIT KT-5001)
25176B-KT MODEL
TROUBLESHOOTING YOUR 25176B
FULL ONE YEAR WARRANTY
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) INSTRUCTIONS
18
18
19
20
21
EPA REGIONAL OFFICES
22
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION m
SAFETY COMES FIRST! Read all safety, operating
guidelines and instructions before operating your
25176B.
8.
1. CAUTION: ONLY A QUALIFIED TECHNICIAN
SHOULD OPERATE THIS RECOVERY UNIT.
The operator must be familiar with air conditioning
and refrigeration systems, refrigerants and the
dangers of pressurized components.
9.
If you expect temperatures in excess of 135° F,
contact the refrigerant supplier.
10. Be sure that any room where you are working is
thoroughly ventilated, especially if a leak is suspected. Refrigerant vapor is hazardous to your
health and can cause death.
2. Always think before acting, familiarity breeds carelessness and carelessness can be harmful to your
health or, worse, result in death.
3.
m WARNING Always wear safety goggles and
11.
m PRESSURIZED TANK CONTAINS LIQUID
12.
• When using an extension cord it should be a
3-wire, 14 AWG minimum and no longer than
25 feet.
m Warning: DO NOT: Exceed the working pressure of each cylinder. Recovery cylinders are
designed for different pressures. Your 25176B is
not supplied with a recovery tank, it requires the
use of tanks with a minimum of 350 psi working
pressure and ROBINAIR strongly recommends
the use of 400 psi tanks.
• Use this equipment in locations with mechanical ventilation that provides at least four air
changes per hour or locate the equipment at
least 18 inches above the floor.
• Never use oxygen when testing for leaks. Any
oil in contact with oxygen under pressure will
form an explosive mixture.
NOTE: The use of a 400 psi tank is mandatory
when recovering R410A.
See ROBINAIR Recovery Tanks under Parts and
Accessories section on Page 16.
6.
i WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE:
• Never operate unit in an explosive environment!
Do not use this equipment in the vicinity of
spilled or open containers of gasoline or any
other flammable liquid.
REFRIGERANT. NEVER OVERFILL STORAGE
TANKS. OVERFILLING OF THE TANK MAY
CAUSE A VIOLENT EXPLOSION AND POSSIBLE
INJURY OR DEATH. DO NOT: Exceed the working
pressure of Recovery Tank cylinder.
5.
m Avoid breathing A/C refrigerant and lubrication vapor or mist. Exposure may irritate eyes,
nose and throat. If accidental system discharge
occurs, ventilate work area before resuming service.
protective gloves when working with refrigerants.
Contact with refrigerant may cause injury.
Disconnect hoses with extreme caution! All hoses
may contain liquid refrigerant under pressure.
4.
Read all safety information regarding the safe
handling of refrigerant and refrigerant oil, including the Material Safety Data Sheet. MSDS
sheets can be obtained from your refrigerant
supplier.
13.
c High voltage electricity inside panels.
Risk of electrical shock. Be sure to disconnect
the unit from the power source before servicing it.
m A scale must be used to avoid overfilling the
14. To reduce the risk of injury, care should be
taken when moving this equipment.
storage tank. DO NOT OVERFILL. Tank is full at
80% volume. Tank may explode if filled more than
80% due to liquid expansion.
7. Use ONLY authorized refillable refrigerant tanks.
NEVER use a standard disposable 30lb. tank (the
type of container in which virgin refrigerant is
sold) to recover refrigerant.
4
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OPERATING GUIDELINES
m Before operating the 25176B recovery unit, read
the following m
9.
storage tank. DO NOT OVERFILL. Tank is full at
80% volume. Tank may explode if filled more than
80% due to liquid expansion. Below is a representative sample for R-22 refrigerant:
1. 25176B IS APPROVED FOR USE WITH THE
FOLLOWING CATEGORY III, IV and V
REFRIGERANTS (Per ARI 740):
R-12, R-22, R-134A, R-401A, R-401B, R-401C,
R-402A, R-402-B, R-404A, R-406A, R-407A,
R-407-B, R-407C, R-407D, R-408A, R-409A,
R-410A, R-411A, R-411B, R-412A, R-500, R-502,
R-507 and R-509
TANK SIZE
30 lb. Tank
50 lb. Tank
2. A FILTER must always be used and should
replaced frequently. We recommend that a clean
filter be used for every service job.
Failure to use a filter will invalidate your warranty.
MAX NET WEIGHT
24 lbs.
40 lbs.
Note: Robinair strongly recommends the use of the
ADS-100 Refrigerant Scale for monitoring tank
capacity.
10. Your 25176B has an Internal Pressure Shut Off
Switch. If the pressure inside the system should
go above 470 psi, the system will automatically
shut itself off. The shut off switch will automatically
reset itself again after the pressure drops below
300 psi.
The use of a filter will greatly reduce the risk of
damage to your 25176B, by preventing foreign
material from entering the unit.
3. Each filter should be labeled and used exclusively
for one type of refrigerant only.
4. Always open service and cylinder valves slowly.
This allows rapid control of the flow of gases if
there is any danger. Once it is determined that
there is no danger, the valves can be opened
fully.
m WARNING: The Internal Pressure Shut Off
Switch does not prevent tank overfill. If your system
shuts off on high pressure and is connected to your
tank, you may have overfilled your tank and created
a very dangerous situation! Take immediate measures to relieve any high pressure and/or tank overfill.
5. Always isolate large amounts of refrigerant and
close off valves after use, so if a leak should
develop anywhere in the system, the refrigerant
will not escape.
11. When recovering large amounts of liquid, use the
"Push/Pull method (see diagram on page 13).
m CAUTION: When using the "Push/Pull" method,
once the "Push/Pull" siphon is started, it can continue and overfill the storage tank even if the tank is
equipped with a "shut off" float sensor. The siphon
can continue even after the machine is turned off.
You must manually close the valves on the tank and
the unit to prevent overfilling of the recovery tank.
6. Keep all connections to the refrigeration system
thoroughly dry and clean. If moisture enters the
refrigeration system, it is likely to cause considerable damage.
7. Robinair strongly recommends the use of the
optional 80% Capacity Shutoff Kit (p/n KT-5001).
When installed and used with a recovery tank that
has an internal float switch, the 25176B will shut
down automatically when the tank is 80% full. Your
25176B is pre-wired from the factory for this kit.
Note: The 25176B is also available in model 25176BKT, with the 80% Shutoff Kit installed direct from the
factory.
8.
m A scale must be used to avoid overfilling the
12. Always operate the unit on a flat level surface
13. To achieve the deepest final vacuum, use the
tank cooling method to lower the head pressure
on the recovery tank. (See Pages 13 &14).
Repeat as necessary to achieve the desired vacuum level.
m CAUTION: Use only authorized refillable
refrigerant recovery tanks. Federal regulations
require refrigerant to be transported only in containers meeting DOT spec. 4BA or 4BW.
NEVER use a standard disposable 30lb. tank
(the type of container in which virgin refrigerant is
sold) to recover refrigerant.
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OPERATING GUIDELINES - cont.
NOTE: If there is no liquid in the recovery tank, then
the cooling method will not work. In this case, use an
empty tank that has been fully evacuated to achieve
the final vacuum level required.
15. To maximize recovery rates, use the shortest
possible length of 3/8" or larger hose. A hose no
longer than 3 feet is recommended.
16.For maximum throughput, always remove all
unnecessary hose core depressors and the
Schraeder valves from port connections.
17.Deformed rubber seals and core depressors in
hoses and faulty or unnecessary Schraeder
valves can restrict flow up to 90%.
14. If the tank pressure exceeds 300 psi, use the tank
cooling procedure to reduce the tank pressure.
(See Pages 13 & 14)
CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF YOUR 25176B
1. USE of a filter/dryer at the inlet is mandatory. A filter/dryer must always be used between the recovery machine and the inlet hose.
2. Special care should be taken when recovering
from a "burned-out" system. Use two high acid
capacity filters, in series. (Alco type EK-162-F or
Sporlan type C-162-F are recommended )When
you have finished recovering from the system,
flush your 25176B with a small amount of clean
refrigerant and refrigerant oil to purge off any foreign substances left in the unit.
3. Always empty refrigerant from the 25176B into a
storage tank; see Self-Purge/Auto Evacuate
procedure on Page 12. Liquid refrigerant left in
the 25176B’s condenser may expand, causing
damage to components.
4.
c Warning! Whenever you perform any type of
maintenance work on your 25176B, insure that it
is disconnected from the power supply before
you begin.
5. If the unit is to be stored or not used for any
length of time, we recommend that it be completely evacuated of any residual refrigerant and
purged with dry nitrogen.
6
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ADDITIONAL RECOVERY TANK INFORMATION
m Warning:
Also read the information pertaining to recovery tanks, previously listed under
Safety Information and Operating Guidelines.
3. Tanks and filters should be designated for one
refrigerant only. Before using a tank previously
used for another refrigerant, completely empty the
tank, evacuate it and purge the tank using dry
nitrogen, and then re-evacuate it.
1. CAUTION: NEVER use a standard disposable
30lb. tank (the type of container in which virgin
refrigerant is sold) to recover refrigerant. Use
ONLY authorized refillable refrigerant tanks.
Federal regulations require refrigerant to be trans
ported only in containers meeting DOT specs.
4BW or 4BA.
4. Always store refrigerant containers in a cool dry
place.
5. Do not mix refrigerants in a system, a tank or any
where else. Each type of refrigerant must have its
own tank, filter, etc.
2. m Warning: DO NOT: Exceed the working pressure of each cylinder. Recovery cylinders are
designed for different pressures. Your 25176B is
not supplied with a recovery tank, it requires the
use of tanks with a minimum of 350 psi working
pressure and ROBINAIR strongly recommends
the use of 400 psi tanks.
NOTE: The use of a 400 psi tank is mandatory
when recovering R-410A.
See ROBINAIR Recovery Tanks under Parts and
Accessories section on Page 16.
6. Storage cylinders sometimes have valves that are
not properly seated when manufactured. Keeping
caps on these valves will guard against refrigerant
leakage.
7. Do not exceed 80% of tank capacity. ROBINAIR
strongly recommends the use of the ADS-100
Refrigerant Scale for monitoring tank capacity.
Safety codes recommend that closed tanks not be
filled over 80% of volume with liquid. The remaining 20% is called head pressure room.
8. If you expect temperatures in excess of 135° F,
contact the refrigerant supplier.
m NEVER TRANSPORT AN OVERFILLED CYLINDER m
Refrigerant expands when it gets warm and may cause a tank to explode if overfilled.
CYLINDER TEMPERATURE
60°F
70°F
100°F
130°F
150°F
80%
81%
83%
90%
94%
90%
92%
96%
100%
STARTING WITH CYLINDER
80% BY VOLUME
SPACE OCCUPIED BY LIQUID
STARTING WITH CYLINDER
90% BY VOLUME
SPACE OCCUPIED BY LIQUID
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PURGING NON-CONDENSABLE GASES
FROM REFRIGERANT TANK
1. Allow the tank to sit undisturbed for 24 hours. This
allows the air to rise to the top.
5. If the pressure reading is higher than the pressure
shown on the chart, very slowly (so as not to
cause turbulence inside the tank) crack open the
vapor port valve. Watch the pressure on the
gauge decrease. To prevent venting, add 4-5 psi
to the pressure shown on the chart. when the
gauge corresponds to that pressure, close the
vapor port valve.
2. Connect a manifold to the tank and read the
amount of pressure in the tank by looking at the
output pressure gauge.
3. Determine the ambient temperature in the room.
4. Refer to a Refrigerant pressure/temperature chart.
Find the temperature on the chart and look across
to the corresponding pressure for the type of
refrigerant in the tank. Determine how that relates
to the reading on the gauge.
6. Allow the tank to sit for 10 minutes and check the
pressure again.
7. Repeat the process again if necessary.
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HELPFUL HINTS FOR
REFRIGERANT RECOVERY
Refrigerant recovery has come a long way in a few short years. On the surface it's simply the process of taking refrigerant out of a system and putting it into a tank. However, this simple process can quickly become problematic if a few
items are overlooked. The following are some tips and pointers we've accumulated over the last few years that can save
you time and make the process go smoother.
First you need to identify the refrigerant type and quantity in the system you are servicing. If you determine it"s a
burnout, you need a special tank (a tank that's identified as containing burnout or other unidentified gases), and you
need to use extra filtration prior to recovery. (See item # 2 on page 6)
If, on the other hand, you know the gas in the system is relatively clean or new, then a new tank should be used. If
you're planning on putting the refrigerant back into the same system after you have finished the service or if the refrigerant is going to be reclaimed, then use a tank that has the same refrigerant in it. A word of caution about the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): If you use a variety of refrigerant gasses in your service work - as evidenced by
your refrigerant purchases - and you only own one tank, you are asking for trouble. You would be well advised to own at
least one tank for every refrigerant type serviced, plus an extra for burnouts and other unknowns.
Results of Liquid Refrigerant
Trapped in a System
PLANNING AHEAD
Pstart
Knowing the quantity of refrigerant is important for planning storage requirements, as well as planning for the
actual recovery. For instance, any system with more than
5lbs. of refrigerant is likely to have areas where the liquid
can get trapped.
Forever
Pe
0
10” Hg
The key to a quick recovery procedure is to get the liquid
out first, and then get the remaining vapor out. However
most systems are not "recovery friendly." That is they
don't have access ports at their lowest points. If some
units you're servicing are on maintenance contracts, you
would save significant time by installing access ports at all
of the lowest points in the system, where liquid is likely to
accumulate.
Tstart
Time
Tfinish
HOSES AND VALVES
Hoses and Schrader valves have a large impact on recovery speed. In general, the larger the hose, the less friction
on the flow of refrigerant, the quicker the recovery time.
Many contractors are now using 3/8' lines for the input to
the recovery machine, even those lines originating out of
1/4" fittings.
Since most systems don't have these ports you need to be
prepared to boil off the trapped liquid with a heat gun,
when ever it's found. An indicator of trapped liquid in a
system is frost or condensation forming on the plumbing
or components where the liquid is trapped. The trapped
liquid may be in an area that is not visible. In all cases
trapped liquid in a system during recovery causes the
recovery process to slow down, regardless of the size or
type of machine (see diagram).
Schraeder valves must be removed from the connection
prior to an expedient recovery. Most wholesalers sell a tool
for removing these cores, while keeping the connection
sealed. The core depressor, in the end of the hose, should
also be removed. These two items can turn a 20 minute
job into one that goes on for hours. So, be sure to remove
the Schraeder valves and core depressors before every
recovery job.
If you are unable to locate the trapped liquid, but you
know it's there, because the recovery job is taking "forever".
Turn on the system compressor (if it's operable) for a few
seconds, this will get the refrigerant moving to another
part of the system and in the process pick up enough heat
to boil off.
Another hose consideration is the little rubber grommet at
the end of the hose that makes a seal with the flare fitting.
We've seen these seals so worn and deformed that when
the hose is connected to the flare fitting the grommet virtually seals off the connection.
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HELPFUL HINTS FOR
REFRIGERANT RECOVERY - cont.
This is probably never noticed in charging, because the
pressure opens the grommet, but during recovery (or with
suction) the deformed grommet severely restricts the flow
of refrigerant.
KEEPING THE DIRT OUT
During the recovery process your recovery machine can
be exposed to debris that can, potentially, damage it. This
includes brazing spatter and copper/ brass slithers. Further
contamination can be introduced from the refrigerant storage tanks. To prolong the life of your recovery machine,
always use an inline filter at the inlet Port.
REFRIGERANT RECYCLING
Current regulations state that used refrigerant shall not be
sold, or used in a different owner's equipment, unless the
refrigerant has been laboratory analyzed and found to
meet the requirements of ARI 700 (latest edition). As a
result, recycling and verifying ARI 700 conformance isn't
economically justified in most cases. It's still a great idea
to do as much cleaning of refrigerant going back into the
same system (or owners system) as possible. We recommend using the largest, high-acid capacity filter, that are
economically feasible. Put these filters on the suction or
inlet side of the recovery unit. Change filters often.
Whenever you are charging a system from a recovery
cylinder it is a good idea to use an in-line filter to protect
the system from contamination. Again, change your in-line
filters often.
GETTING THE LIQUID OUT
See diagram on page 13 of this manual
The recovery of large amounts of liquid refrigerant can
sometimes carry with it large quantities of oil, if the system being serviced doesn't have an adequate oil separator
installed. If this recovered refrigerant isn't going to be liquid charged back into the same system, you might want to
separate the refrigerant from the oil in order to measure
the oil (to know how much oil to charge back into the system). Refrigerant sent back for reclaim does not need to
have the oil removed. One of the simplest and most cost
effective ways to achieve this is to use a 30 or 50 lb. tank
in line with your recovery machine. Connect the system to
the liquid port of the tank, then from the vapor port of the
tank connect to the input of your recovery machine. A second tank, for storing refrigerant, should then be connected
to the output of the recovery machine. If you encounter
large amounts of liquid you will need to put a band heater
around the first tank. When the recovery job is complete
the oil can be removed, from the first tank, by applying a
small amount of pressure, using nitrogen, to one of the
ports and extracting the oil from the other. If you are going
to remove the oil from the vapor port you will need to turn
the tank upside down. Always wear safety glasses when
performing this operation as the oil may be acidic and
could cause severe burning.
10
Push/pull is a method of removing bulk liquid from a system using the pressure differential created by the recovery
machine. Push-pull will generally not work on smaller systems because there is no bulk liquid reservoir to create a
siphon from.
Push-pull is mostly used on systems with a receiver tank
or those with greater than 20 lbs. of refrigerant, or when
transferring from one tank to another. The rate of liquid
transfer is very much dependent on hose size, with larger
hoses providing much better throughput.
Another trick is to cool the tank, if it's partially filled, prior
to or during recovery. This operation will lower the pressure in the storage tank and therefore speed up recovery.
There must be a minimum of 5 lbs of liquid refrigerant in
the tank you wish to chill. This operation can be performed
prior to or during the recovery. See the two set up diagrams and procedures on page 13-14 of this manual.
There is nothing magic here, you are simply using your
recovery machine to make a refrigerator where the tank is
the evaporator. By throttling the output valve, you're effectively creating a capillary tube or an expansion device, but
you need to adjust the back pressure to suit the conditions
and the refrigerant. Five to ten minutes of chilling can produce some very dramatic tank cooling, depending on the
conditions. If there are any non condensables in the tank
this process will not work. The greater the quantity of
refrigerant in the tank the longer the process will take.
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OPERATING YOUR 25176B
PROCEDURE FOR NORMAL SYSTEM RECOVERY
1. Inspect the 25176B thoroughly to insure that it is
in good operating condition.
8. Slowly open the input port on the 25176B.
a. If the compressor starts to knock, slowly throttle
back the input valve until the knocking stops.
b. If the input valve was throttled back, it should be
fully opened once the liquid has been removed
from the system (the manifold gauge set vapor
port should also be opened at this time).
2. Make sure all connections are correct and tight
(see set-up diagram below).
3. Open the liquid port of the recovery cylinder
(always open valves slowly to check hoses and
connections for leaks).
9. Run until desired vacuum is achieved.
4. Make sure the Recover/Purge valve is set on
Recover.
5. Open the output port of the 25176B
6. Open the liquid port on your manifold gauge set;
opening the liquid port will remove the liquid from
the system first, greatly reducing the recovery
time. (after the liquid has been removed, open the
manifold vapor port to finish evacuating the
system).
a. Close the manifold gauge sets vapor and liquid
ports.
b. Close the 25176B input port.
c. Shut off and proceed with the Self Purge
procedure on the next page.
Note: Always purge the 25176B after each use (see
Self Purge procedure on page 12). Failure to purge
the remaining refrigerant from the 25176B could
result in the acidic degradation of internal components, ultimately causing premature failure of the unit.
7. Connect your 25176B to a 220/240V outlet.
a. Switch the main power switch to the ON position.
You should hear the fan running.
b. Press the compressor start switch. This “momentary” switch will start the compressor. It may be
necessary, under certain circumstances, to press
this switch more than once to start the compressor.
DIAGRAM FOR REFRIGERATION RECOVERY
THIS IS THE FASTEST METHOD FOR RECOVERING
VAPOR REFRIGERANT
OPTIONAL MOISTURE
SIGHT GLASS
MANIFOLD
GAUGE
SET
First turn knob to liquid
port. When liquid is
removed, move to full
open for vapor
INPUT
SYSTEM BEING
SERVICED
OUTPUT
LIQUID
m
VAPOR
LIQUID
A SCALE MUST BE USED TO AVOID
OVER FILLING THE STORAGE TANK
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SELF PURGING YOUR 25176B
PROCEDURE FOR PURGING REMAINING REFRIGERANT FROM THE 25176B
1. Close the ports of the system being serviced that
are connected to the input port of the 25176B.
7. Close the ports on the recovery tank and the
25176B.
2. Close the input port on the 25176B.
8. Turn the 25176B off.
3. Turn off the 25176B.
9. Return the Recover/Purge valve to the Recover
position.
4. Turn the Recover/Purge valve to the Purge position.
10.Disconnect and store all hoses.
5. Restart the 25176B.
11. Replace the in-line filter on your 25176B after
every job.
6. Run until desired vacuum is achieved.
SELF PURGE/ AUTO EVACUATE
To change from Recovery mode to Purge follow the steps below:
1. Close the Input port
2. Turn the unit off (to prevent high pressure shutoff).
3. Switch to Purge position.
4. Restart the unit.
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DIAGRAM FOR “PUSH/PULL” METHOD
Push/pull method only works with large systems where the liquid is readily accessible. Do not use this
method on systems that contain less than 15 lbs. as it may not work.
The sight glass is used to provide a method of determining the moisture content and quality of a system’s
refrigerant.
m CAUTION: When using the “Push/Pull” method, once the siphon is started, it can continue and overfill
the storage tank even if the tank is equipped with a float level sensor. The siphon can continue even when
the machine is turned off. You must manually close the valves on the tank and the unit to prevent overfilling of the recovery tank.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Put RECOVER/PURGE knob on RECOVER.
Open OUTPUT valve.
Open INPUT valve
When the scale stops rising close all ports.
Switch off the machine
INPUT
VAPOR
SYSTEM BEING
SERVICED
OUTPUT
LIQUID
LIQUID
OPTIONAL MOISTURE
SIGHT GLASS
m A scale must be used to avoid over filling
the storage tank.
SET-UP DIAGRAM FOR TANK
PRE OR SUB COOLING PROCEDURE
See page 10 of this manual for more information.
INPUT
OUTPUT
VAPOR
1. To start you must have a minimum of
5 lbs. of liquid refrigerant in the tank.
2. Put RECOVER/PURGE knob on RECOVER.
3. Start machine.
4. Open INPUT valve to liquid.
5. Throttle the output valve so that the output pressure is 100 psi greater than the input pressure, but never more than 300psi.
6. Run until tank is cold.
LIQUID
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OPTIONAL RECOVERY/TANK PRE OR SUB
COOLING FOR FIXED HOSE SET-UP
INPUT
m A scale must be used to avoid
over filling the storage tank.
NORMAL RECOVERY:
Tank Vapor valve is closed
TANK PRE OR SUB COOLING:
Tank Vapor valve is open and both manifold gauge set valves are closed.
14
15
Special consideration for filtration must be given when you know you are servicing a machine that has
“Burned Out.” We recommend the use of two size 162 filter driers, in line, to be used for that job and that job
only.
The use of a filter will greatly reduce the risk of damage to your 25176B by preventing foreign material from
entering the unit.
3:02 PM
A filter must always be used. Failure to use a filter will invalidate your warranty.
9/2/05
NOTE:
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REFRIGERANT FLOW DIAGRAM
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25176B PARTS DIAGRAM
1
4
3
13
2
14
23
15
27
25
12
9
24
8
7
22
11
28
10
16
5
6
17
26
29
18,19, 20
21
25176B PARTS LIST
ITEM DESCRIPTION
PART#
1 REAR COVER
(R121839)
2 FAN GRILL, OUTLET
(R122276)
3 FAN
(EL1818)
4 CONDENSER
(100478)
5 COMPRESSOR
(CP1320)
6 COMPRESSOR BRACKET (100207)
7 COUPLER
(CP1315-A)
8 BELL HOUSING
(CP1001)
9 MOTOR BRACKET
(100528)
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
MOTOR
FRONT PANEL
MANIFOLD
INPUT GAUGE
OUTPUT GAUGE
GAUGE LENS
ON/OFF SWITCH
START SWITCH
RED KNOB
BLACK KNOB
(EL1822)
(100383)
(700150)
(GA1500)
(GA0800)
(GA1000)
(EL1310)
(EL1309)
(100124)
(100122)
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
BLUE KNOB
FLARE CAP (2)
GRILL INLET
*RELAY
*SENSOR CORD
CAPACITOR
FRONT COVER
PRESSURE SWITCH
HOSE ASSY
FILTER
(100123)
(NB6501)
(SH5022)
(EL1500)
(EL1420)
(EL1412)
(R121838)
(100535)
(100345)
(100343)
*OPTIONAL COMPONENTS FOR 80% CAPACITY TANK SENSING KIT
REPLACEMENT KITS & ACCESSORIES
PART#
KT3302
KT3303
KT3307
KT3308
KT-5001
RGT30
RGT30NS
RGT50
RGT50NS
RGT50HP
ADS-100
DESCRIPTION
PISTON SEAL REPLACEMENT (middle section of compressor)
VALVE REPLACEMENT KIT (top section of compressor)
COMPRESSOR REPAIR KIT (all three sections of compressor)
SHAFT REPLACEMENT KIT (bottom section of compressor)
80% CAPACITY TANK SENSING KIT
30 LB RECOVERY TANK (350 psi working pressure) with capacity sensor
SAME AS RGT30, WITHOUT SENSOR
50 LB RECOVERY TANK (350 psi working pressure) with capacity sensor
SAME AS RGT50, WITHOUT SENSOR
50 LB RECOVERY TANK, HIGH PRESSURE (400 psi working pressure) with capacity sensor
REFRIGERANT SCALE, 200LB CAPACITY, WITH REMOVABLE PLATFORM
16
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25176B WIRING DIAGRAM
WIRE
NUT
WHITE
RED
1
2
POWER
SWITCH
GREEN
0
WHITE
SHORT BROWN
WIRE
BLUE
START SWITCH
BRN
YELLOW
GREEN
SIDE OF
MANIFOLD
MOTOR
FAN
GRN
GREEN
PRESSURE SWITCH
MAIN
H
MOTOR
1/2 HP
BLUE
BRN
RED
RED
C
RED
RED
7
L
START
BLK
R
S
5
2
1
6
4
R
3
H. P. LAMP
RED
WHITE
ORANGE
THERMAL
PROTECTOR
3 PIN CONNECTOR
FOR UPGRADE
GREEN
LONG BROWN WIRE
WHITE
25176B-KT WIRING DIAGRAM
INCLUDING OPTIONAL TANK CAPACITY SENSING CIRCUITRY (KIT: KT-5001)
WIRE
NUT
WHITE
1
RED
2
POWER
SWITCH
GREEN
0
SIDE OF
MANIFOLD
WHITE
SHORT BROWN
WIRE
BLUE
START SWITCH
BRN
YELLOW
GREEN
GRN
MOTOR
FAN
PRESSURE SWITCH
MAIN
H
C
RED
MOTOR
1/2 HP
BLUE
BRN
RED
7
L
BLK
START
R
S
5
2
1
6
H. P. LAMP
RED
RED
4
R
3
ORANGE
WHITE
THERMAL
PROTECTOR
LONG BROWN WIRE
GREEN
WHITE
WHITE
3 PIN CONNECTOR
0
GREEN
1
GREEN
TANK SENSOR
CORD
WHITE
BLACK
RED
RED
3
7
4
8
6
2
RELAY
17
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INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL 80% TANK
CAPACITY SENSING COMPONENTS (KIT: KT-5001)
Note: ROBINAIR also offers the model, 25176B-KT,
with the 80% Capacity Shut Off Kit installed at the
factory.
10. Connect the white wire from the male side of the
3 pin connector (p/n EL1215) to terminal #1 of
the relay.
c Warning: Prior to performing any type of maintenance work on your 25176B, insure that it is disconnected from the power supply before you begin.
Note: Ensure that the green wire from the sensor
cord is connected to the center of the 3-pin connector. (Note: only two wires are used in this connector).
NOTE: Refer to the wiring diagram at the bottom of
page 17 during installation of your kit.
11. Connect the 3-pin connector to its female counterpart, already pre wired on your 25176B.
Note: make sure the two wires, (1) green and (1)
white, are in the proper position (directly across)
from their mating wires.
1. Disconnect your 25176B from the power source
2. Remove the fasteners from each side of the
25176B and separate both halves of the plastic
case.
Note: You may find it more convenient to disconnect
the two wires to the fan, if so remember to reconnect
them prior to re-installing the case.
12. Connect one end of the red wire (p/n WR1403),
supplied with your kit, to terminal #2 of the relay
and the other end to the high pressure switch.
13. Secure the relay onto the two studs mentioned in
Step 5, using the hardware already installed on
the studs.
3. Place the metal frame of the 25176B in the
upright position
14. Secure the tank sensor into the hole in the front
panel with the strain relief grommet provided.
4. Remove the "pry out plug" from the hole located
at the lower right of the front panel, and pass the
tank sensor cord (p/n EL1420) through it.
15. Replace the fan wires, if removed in step # 2.
5. Visually identify the two studs located on the
left side of the front panel. (this will be the location
for the relay, p/n EL1500, after all your electrical
connections are made.)
6. Locate the three red wires connected to the pressure switch (directly below the start switch) and
disconnect the wire coming from the power
switch.
7. Ensure that the terminal multiplier (p/n EL1221) is
placed on terminal #4 of the relay and then place
the red wire removed from the high pressure
switch on that terminal.
8. Place the black wire from the sensor cord on the
other side of the terminal multiplier, on the same
terminal #4 of the relay.
9. Place the white wire from the sensor cord on
terminal #0 of the relay.
16. Secure any loose wiring with the wire ties provided.
17. Replace the plastic case halves and fasteners.
18. Test the installation by momentarily attempting
to start the 25176B without the sensor cord connected to a tank sensor. The unit’s compressor
should not start up. Turn the 25176B off and
re-attempt to start the unit with the sensor cord
connected to a tank with a tank capacity sensor.
The unit should function normally. Disconnecting
the sensor cord while the unit is running should
cause the unit to shut down.
19. If your unit does not function per above, DISCONNECT the 25176B from the Power Supply,
and re-check your connections per the above
steps and the wiring diagram at the bottom of
page 17.
25176B-KT MODEL
ROBINAIR offers the model, 25176B-KT, with the 80% Capacity Shut Off Kit (p/n KT-5001) installed
at the factory. On this model, when used with a recovery tank that has an internal float switch, the
recovery unit will automatically shut off when the recovery tank is 80% full.
18
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TROUBLESHOOTING YOUR 25176B
CONNECT UNIT TO
220/240V OUTLET
FAN IS RUNNING
NO
WHEN POWER SWITCH
IS IN “ON” POSITION
YES
NO
IS UNIT IN HIGH
PRESSURE
SHUT OFF?
NO
YES
YES
UNIT PUMPS INTO
NO
HIGH PRESSURE SHUT
OFF
YES
ARE VALVES OPEN?
CHECK
FOR SCHRAEDER
VALVES
ARE YOUR HOSES
TIGHT? DO YOU
HAVE LEAKS?
IS THE TANK
CORD ATTACHED
TO THE TANK
YES
NO
YES
NO
DO YOU HAVE
115V SUPPLY?
YES
YES
COMPRESSOR STARTS NO
WHEN START SWITCH
IS PRESSED
UNIT PULLS
INTO A VACUUM
CHECK POWER
SUPPLY
DOES TANK FLOAT
SWITCH WORK
PROPERLY?
YES
NO
DOES UNIT PULL A
NO
VACUUM WHEN INPUT
VALVE IS CLOSED?
YES
TROUBLESHOOTING ENDS
19
NO
CALL ROBINAIR FOR FURTHER ASSISTANCE 1-800-327-5060
SAFETY FIRST
Read and understand all safety information contained in
this manual before servicing the unit.
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FULL ONE YEAR WARRANTY
MFG#
Robinair products are warranted to be free from defects in workmanship and materials for a period of one
year from date of purchase.
THE FOLLOWING RESTRICTIONS APPLY:
1. The warranty applies to products in normal use only, as described in the operating manual. The product
must also be serviced and maintained as described therein.
2. If the product fails, it will be replaced at the option of Advanced Test Products, Inc. (ATP)
3. Warranty service claims are subject to factory inspection for product defect(s). If during the warranty evaluation it is determined that a filter has not been used or that the filter was not properly maintained or that
the machine has been used in any way other than the purpose for which it was designed, ATP, reserves
the right to void the warranty.
4. All warranty claims must be made within the warranty period. Proof of purchase must be supplied .
This warranty is non-transferable.
5. Please note that the warranty does not apply if the product or product part is damaged by accident, misuse, tampered with or modified in any way.
6. Normal wear items (seals, filters, etc.) are specifically excluded from warranty, unless found by Robinair
to be defective.
WARRANTY SERVICE
This warranty is given by ADVANCED TEST PRODUCTS, INC.
Service under this warranty must be obtained by the following steps:
1. Outside the U.S.A. contact your local Robinair Distributor.
2. Inside the U.S.A. call 1.800.327.5060 or 954-499-5400
for a return material authorization (RMA) number.
20
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THE UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY (EPA) REFRIGERANT RECOVERY AND RECYCLING DEVICE
ACQUISITION CERTIFICATION FORM
EPA regulations have required establishments that service or dispose of refrigerant or air conditioning
equipment to certify that they have acquired recovery and recycling devices that meet the EPA standards
for such devices since August 12. 1993. To certify that you have acquired equipment, please complete this
form according to the instructions and mail it to the appropriate EPA Regional Office. BOTH THE
INSTRUCTIONS AND MAILING ADDRESS CAN BE FOUND ON THE NEXT PAGE OF THIS MANUAL.
UNIT STORAGE ADDRESS
Part 1: Establishment information
Name of Establishment
Name of Establishment
Street
Street
State
City
Zip Code
(Area Code)
County
City
Telephone Number
State
Zip Code
(Area Code)
County
Telephone Number
NUMBER OF SERVICE VEHICLES BASED AT ESTABLISHMENT
Part 2: REGULATORY CLASSIFICATION
Identify the type of work performed at your establishment. Check all boxes that apply.
Type A - Service small appliances.
Type B - Service refrigeration or air conditioning equipment other than small appliances.
Type C - Dispose of small appliances
Type D - Dispose of refrigeration or air conditioning equipment other than small appliances.
Part 3: DEVICE IDENTIFICATION
Name of Device Manufacturer
Model #
Mfg# (if any)
Month/Year
Self Contained
Part 4: SIGNATURE
I certify that the establishment named in part 1. has acquired the refrigerant recovery or recycling devices
listed in part 3. and that this equipment will be properly used in service (and/or) disposing of appliances. I
also certify that the information supplied herein is correct and true.
Signature of owner / Responsible Officer
Date
Name (please print)
Title
Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to vary from 20-60 minutes per response with an average of 40
minutes per response including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data
needed and completing the collection of information. Send comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the burden to: Chief information Policy Branch EPA, 401 M St. S.W. (PM223Y),
Washington, DC 20460 and to the Office of information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC
20503 marked Attention, Desk Officer for EPA.
DO NOT SEND THIS FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESSES. ONLY SEND COMMENTS TO THESE ADDRESSES
21
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INSTRUCTIONS EPA REGIONAL OFFICES
Part 1. Please provide the name, address and telephone
number of the establishment where the refrigerant recovery or recycling device(s) is (are) located. Please complete one form for each location. State the number of
vehicles based at this location that are used to transport
technicians and equipment to and from service sites.
CONNECTICUT, MAINE, MASSACHUSETTS, NEW
HAMPSHIRE, RHODE ISLAND, VERMONT
CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 1.
Mail Code APC, One Congress Street, John F. Kennedy
Federal Building, Boston, MA 02203-0001
Phone: (617) 565-3420
Part 2. Check the appropriate box for the type of work
performed by technicians who are employees of the
establishment. The term "small appliance" refers to any of
the following products that are fully manufactured,
charged and hermetically sealed in a factory with five or
less pounds of refrigerant:
NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, PUERTO RICO, VIRGIN
ISLANDS CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 2.
290 Broadway, New York, NY 10007-1866
Phone: (212) 637-3000
Refrigerators or freezers designed for home use, room air
conditioners (including window air conditioners and packaged thermal air conditioners), packaged thermal heat
pumps, dehumidifiers, under-the-counter ice makers,
vending machines and drinking water coolers.
Part 3. For each recovery or recycling device acquired,
please list the name of the manufacturer of the device
and (if applicable) its model number and manufacturer
number. If more than 8 devices have been acquired
please fill out an additional form and attach it to the first
one.
Recovery devices that are self-contained should be listed
first and should be identified by checking the box in the
last column on the right. A self-contained device is one
that uses it's own pump or compressor to remove refrigerant from refrigeration or air conditioning equipment. On
the other hand, system dependent recovery devices rely
solely upon the compressor in the refrigeration or air conditioning equipment and/or upon the pressure of the
refrigerant inside the equipment to remove the refrigerant.
If the establishment has been listed as Type B and/or
Type D in Part 2, then the first device listed in Part 3 must
be a self-contained device and identified as such by
checking the box in the last column on the right.
If any of the devices are homemade, they should be identified by writing "homemade" in the column provided for
listing the name of the device manufacturer. Homemade
devices can be certified for establishments that are listed
as Type A or Type B in Part 2 until (six months after promulgation of the rule). If a Type C or Type D establishment
is certifying equipment after (six months after promulgation of the rule), then it must not use these devices for
service jobs classified as Type A or Type B.
Part 4. This form must be signed by either the owner of
the establishment or another responsible officer. The person who signs is certifying that the establishment has
acquired the equipment, that the establishment is complying with Section 608 regulations and that the information
provided is true and correct.
Send your form to the EPA office listed under the state or territory in which your establishment is located.
22
DELAWARE, DISTRICT OF COLOMBIA, MARYLAND,
PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, WEST VIRGINIA
CAA 608Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 3. Mail Code
3AT21, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-2029
Phone: (215) 566-5000
ALABAMA, FLORIDA, GEORGIA, KENTUCKY, MISSISSIPPI, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH CAROLINA, TENNESSEE
CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 4. Mail Code
APT-AE, 100 Alabama Street, SW, Atlanta, GA 30303
Phone: (404) 562-8357
ILLINOIS, INDIANA, MICHIGAN, MINNESOTA, OHIO,
WISCONSIN
CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 5. Mail Code
AT18J, 77 West Jackson Blvd., Chicago, IL 60604-3507
Phone: (312) 353-2000
ARKANSAS, LOUISIANA, NEW MEXICO, OKLAHOMA,
TEXAS
CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 6. Mail Code
6T-EC, Fountain Place, 12th Floor, Suite 1200
1445 Ross Avenue, Dallas, TX 75202-2733
Phone: (214) 665-6444
IOWA, KANSAS, MISSOURI, NEBRASKA
CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 7. Mail Code
ARTX/ARBR, 901 N. 5th Street, Kansas City, KS 66101
Phone: (800) 223-0425
COLORADO, MONTANA, NORTH DAKOTA, SOUTH
DAKOTA, UTAH, WYOMING
CAA 608Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 8. Mail Code
8AT-AP, 999 18th Street, Suite 500
Denver, CO 80202-2466
Phone: (303) 312-6312
AMERICA SAMOA, ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, GUAM,
HAWAII, NEVADA
CAA 608 Enforcement Contact: EPA Region 9. Mail Code
A-3, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105
Phone: (415) 744-1305
ALASKA, IDAHO, OREGON, WASHINGTON
CAA 608Enforcement contact: EPA Region 10.
Mail Code AT-082, 1200 Sixth Ave.
Seattle, WA 98101
Phone: (206) 553-1200
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Page 22
®
Toll Free; 1-800-327-5060
Fax: www.RobinairHVAC.com
PN/ 100439 Rev'
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