Instruction manual
Instruction manual
Modbus slave interface
for digital
Mass Flow / Pressure instruments
Doc. no.: 9.17.035O Date: 02-11-2011
ATTENTION
Please read this instruction manual carefully before installing and operating the instrument.
Not following the guidelines could result in personal injury and/or damage to the equipment.
BRONKHORST
Disclaimer
Even though care has been taken in the preparation and publication of the contents of this manual, we do not assume
legal or other liability for any inaccuracy, mistake, mis-statement or any other error of whatsoever nature contained
herein. The material in this manual is for information purposes only, and is subject to change without notice.
Bronkhorst High-Tech B.V.
July 2011
Symbols
Important information. Discarding this information could cause injuries to people or
damage to the
Instrument or installation.
Helpful information. This information will facilitate the use of this instrument.
Additional info available on the internet or from your local sales representative.
Warranty
The products of Bronkhorst High-Tech B.V. are warranteed against defects in material and workmanship for a period
of three years from the date of shipment, provided they are used in accordance with the ordering specifications
and the instructions in this manual and that they are not subjected to abuse, physical damage or
contamination. Products that do not operate properly during this period may be repaired or replaced at no charge.
Repairs are normally warranted for one year or the balance of the original warranty, whichever is the longer.
See also paragraph 9 of the Conditions of sales:
http://www.bronkhorst.com/files/corporate_headquarters/sales_conditions/en_general_terms_of_sales.pdf
The warranty includes all initial and latent defects, random failures, and undeterminable internal causes.
It excludes failures and damage caused by the customer, such as contamination, improper electrical hook-up, physical
shock etc.
Re-conditioning of products primarily returned for warranty service that is partly or wholly judged non-warranty may
be charged for.
Bronkhorst High-Tech B.V. or affiliated company prepays outgoing freight charges when any party of the service is
performed under warranty, unless otherwise agreed upon beforehand. However, if the product has been returned
collect to our factory or service center, these costs are added to the repair invoice. Import and/or export charges,
foreign shipping methods/carriers are paid for by the customer.
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Table of contents
1
GENERAL PRODUCT INFORMATION ................................................................................................. 4
1.1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................4
1.2
MULTIBUS TYPES ..............................................................................................................................................4
1.3
REFERENCES TO OTHER APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS ......................................................................................................5
1.3.1
Manuals and user guides:........................................................................................................................... 5
1.3.2
Technical Drawings:.................................................................................................................................... 5
1.3.3
Software tooling: ........................................................................................................................................ 5
1.4
SHORT FORM START-UP......................................................................................................................................6
2
FIELD BUS INSTALLATION................................................................................................................. 7
2.1
GENERAL ........................................................................................................................................................7
2.2
MODBUS CONNECTOR .......................................................................................................................................7
2.2.1
Shielded RJ45 modular jack ........................................................................................................................ 7
2.2.2
Shielded a coded M12 connector................................................................................................................ 8
2.3
MODBUS CABLES AND T-PARTS ...........................................................................................................................9
2.3.1
RJ45 FTP cables........................................................................................................................................... 9
2.3.2
M12 DeviceNet drop cables ...................................................................................................................... 10
2.4
TERMINATION ................................................................................................................................................ 11
2.4.1
Termination resistors ................................................................................................................................ 11
2.4.2
Biasing resistors ........................................................................................................................................ 11
3
CHANGING SLAVE ADDRESS AND BAUD RATE ................................................................................ 13
3.1
VIA ROTARY SWITCHES ON THE SIDE OF THE INSTRUMENT (IF PRESENT)........................................................................ 13
3.2
VIA RS232: FLOWFIX ..................................................................................................................................... 13
3.3
VIA RS232: OTHER PROGRAMS ......................................................................................................................... 14
3.4
VIA MICRO-SWITCH AND LED’S ON THE INSTRUMENT (IF PRESENT) ............................................................................ 14
3.4.1
Readout bus-address/MAC-ID and baud rate:.......................................................................................... 14
3.4.2
Change bus-address and baud rate: ......................................................................................................... 15
3.5
BY USER INTERFACE (IF PRESENT)........................................................................................................................ 15
4
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................................ 16
4.1
GENERAL ...................................................................................................................................................... 16
4.2
IMPLEMENTATION CLASS .................................................................................................................................. 16
4.3
RESPONSE TIME .............................................................................................................................................. 16
4.4
SUPPORTED MODBUS FUNCTIONS ...................................................................................................................... 17
4.4.1
Read Holding Registers (03)...................................................................................................................... 17
4.4.2
Write Single Register (06) ......................................................................................................................... 17
4.4.3
Write Multiple Registers (16).................................................................................................................... 17
4.4.4
Diagnostics (08) ........................................................................................................................................ 17
4.4.5
Report Slave ID (17) .................................................................................................................................. 18
4.4.6
Available parameters................................................................................................................................ 19
5
TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................................................................................................... 21
5.1
5.2
5.3
6
VISUAL DIAGNOSTICS ....................................................................................................................................... 21
STEP-BY-STEP ................................................................................................................................................ 21
BUS DIAGNOSTICS STRING ................................................................................................................................. 22
SERVICE ........................................................................................................................................ 23
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1 GENERAL PRODUCT INFORMATION
1.1 Introduction
This manual covers the Modbus interface, which offers a direct
1)
connection to Modbus for Bronkhorst digital mass-flow / pressure
meters / controllers. The Modbus instrument will behave as a slave. This
means all communication (instructions / readout) will be performed by a
master device on the same Modbus system. Mostly this will be a PC
controlling a process. This manual explains how to install a Bronkhorst
instrument to your Modbus system.
1)
Bronkhorst:
This includes Bronkhorst High-Tech B.V. , Bronkhorst Cori-Tech B.V. and
M+W Instruments GmbH.
More detailed information about Modbus can be found at www.modbus.org or any website of the
(local) Modbus organisation of your country (when available).
The implementation of the Modbus interface is based on the following standards:
[1]
Modbus_Application_Protocol_V1_1b.pdf December 28, 2006
December 20, 2006
[2]
Modbus_over_serial_line_V1_02.pdf
1.2 Multibus types
In 2000 Bronkhorst developed their first digital instruments according to the
“multibus” principle. The basic pc-board on the instrument contained all of
the general functions needed for measurement and control, including alarm,
totalizing and diagnostic functions. It had analog I/O-signals and also an
RS232 connection as a standard feature. In addition to this there is the
®
possibility of integrating an interface board with DeviceNet™, Profibus-DP ,
Modbus or FLOW-BUS protocol. The first generation (MBC-I) was based on a
16 bit Fujitsu controller. It was superseded in 2003 by the Multibus type 2
(MBC-II). This version was also based on the 16 bit Fujitsu controller but it had several improvements to the MBC-I.
One of them is the current steering of the valve. It reduced heat production and improved control characteristics. The
latest version Multibus controller type 3 (MBC3) is introduced in 2011. It is build around a 72MHz 32 bit NXP ARM
controller. It has AD and DA controllers on board which makes it possible to measure noise free and control valves
without delays. The internal control loop runs 6 times faster compared to the MBC-II therefore control stability has
improved significantly. It also has several improved functions like reverse voltage protection, inrush current limitation
and overvoltage protection.
MBC3 instruments can be recognised by the “MBC3” placed on lower left side
of the instrument label (see example).
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1.3 References to other applicable documents
Manuals and guides for digital instruments are modular. General instructions give information about the functioning
and installation of instruments. Operational instructions explain the use of the digital instruments features and
parameters. Field bus specific information explains the installation and use of the field bus installed on the
instrument.
1.3.1
Manuals and user guides:
General instructions
Instrument type based
Operational
instructions
Document 9.17.022
Document 9.17.023
Bronkhorst High-Tech
General instructions digital Mass Flow / Pressure
Field bus specific
information
Document 9.17.024
FLOW-BUS interface
Document 9.17.031
Document 9.17.025
Bronkhorst Cori-Tech
General instructions CORI-FLOW
PROFIBUS–DP interface
Document 9.17.050
Document 9.17.026
Bronkhorst Cori-Tech
General instructions mini CORI-FLOW
Operational instructions
for digital multibus
Mass Flow / Pressure
instruments
Document 9.17.044
Bronkhorst High-Tech
General instructions digital LIQUI-FLOW L30
DeviceNet interface
Document 9.17.035
Modbus interface
Document 9.17.027
M+W Instruments
Instruction manual MASS-STREAM D-6300
RS232 interface with
FLOW-BUS protocol
Document 9.17.063
EtherCAT interface
1.3.2
Technical Drawings:
Hook-up diagram laboratory-style Modbus
Hook-up diagram industrial style Modbus
Hook-up diagram CORI-FLOW Modbus
Hook-up diagram LIQUI-FLOW L30 digital Modbus
1.3.3
(document nr. 9.16.064)
(document nr. 9.16.065)
(document nr. 9.16.066)
(document nr. 9.16.075)
Software tooling:
FlowPlot
FlowView
FlowFix
FlowDDE
All these documents can be found at:
http://www.bronkhorst.com/en/downloads
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1.4 Short form start-up
All necessary settings for this module are already performed at Bronkhorst.
To follow next steps carefully is the quickest way to get this module operational in your own Modbus environment.
START
Master
present
Set Slave address and
baud rate of instrument
Connect instrument
Test
Make sure your Modbus master has been installed to the system
Instruments will be delivered to customers on address 1 and with a baud rate of
19200 baud. The easiest way to change the slave address is by use of the rotary
switches on the instrument. Also you can use the FLOWFIX program to change Slave
address and baud rate via the RS232 connection (it may be needed to restart the
instrument to apply the changes). Slave address and baud rate can also be changed
using the button (if present) on the instrument.
Physically connect the instrument to the Modbus network.
Test communication between your master and the instrument(s)
Ready
Instruments with combined RS232 / RS485 signal lines and no user interface automatically detect the
bus type at start-up.
Warning: this device uses a vendor specific pin layout on the RJ45 connector that differs from the
Modbus recommended pin layout.
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2 FIELD BUS INSTALLATION
2.1 General
Modbus is a 3-wire, RS485-based field bus communication system for parameter value exchange. In this system each
instrument / device is equipped with a micro-controller for its own dedicated task but also for exchanging parameter
value information with other instruments / devices connected to the same Modbus system.
The implementation of the Modbus interface is based on the following standards:
[1]
Modbus_Application_Protocol_V1_1b.pdf December 28, 2006
[2]
Modbus_over_serial_line_V1_02.pdf
December 20, 2006
Physical layer and communication protocol are detected automatically upon reception of messages.
These messages must be sent using the correct combination of physical layer and communication
protocol. After every power-up the communication detection mode is active.
Bronkhorst advices not to use more as 127 instruments in one bus system.
2.2 Modbus connector
2.2.1
Shielded RJ45 modular jack
Warning: this device uses a vendor specific pin layout on the RJ45 connector that differs from the
Modbus recommended pin layout.
The shielded RJ45 modular jack connector (for non IP65 applications) has the following pin configuration:
RJ45 Connector
Receptable
Pin number
Description
1
8
1
+15…24Vdc supply
2
0V
3
Shield
4
0V
5
+15…24Vdc supply
6
0V (Modbus common)
7
D0 Modbus (A/A')
8
D1 Modbus (B/ B')
The maximum contact rating for RJ45 connectors is 1.5A.
For MASS-VIEW instrument see manual 9.17.051 for pin layout.
http://www.bronkhorst.com/en/downloads/instruction_manuals/
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2.2.2
Shielded a coded M12 connector
The chassis M12 circular connector (for IP65 applications) has the following pin configuration:
M12 Connector
Male
Female
nr
Description
1
Shield
2
+15…24Vdc supply
3
0V
4
D1 Modbus (B/ B')
5
D0 Modbus (A/A')
5
4
3
1
2
A-coded
The maximum contact rating for M12 connectors is 4A.
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2.3 Modbus Cables and T-parts
2.3.1
RJ45 FTP cables
For connecting instruments to Modbus you need shielded cables with at least 3 wires (for data only). Recommended
are twisted wire cables for RS485-communications with 100 or 120 Ohm impedance. All Bronkhorst Modbus cables
have also integrated power-supply wires. For the use in the EL-FLOW range (non IP-65) it is best to use Shielded
(+Foiled) Twisted Pair patch-cables with RJ45 modular jack connectors (8-pins for data and power-supply
connections).
RJ45 shielded FTP CAT.5e cable
Shielded FTP cable
RJ45 shielded connectors
Power isolator
7.03.241 Modular Y adapter cable
CAT.5e cables are available with a wire of:
2
26AWG (wire diameter 0.140mm , with a resistance of 137 Ohm/km).
2
24AWG (wire diameter 0.205mm , with a resistance of 86 Ohm/km).
More information about cat.5e cables can be found at::
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category_5_cable
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2.3.2
M12 DeviceNet drop cables
For the use in for example the IN-FLOW range or CORI-FLOW range (IP-65 applications) it is best to use DeviceNet Drop
cables assembled on both sides with male connector M12 – female connector M12 (5-pins for data and power-supply
connections).
M12 cable
M12 termination resistor
T-part
T-part wiring
In case of powering instruments or transporting data over longer distances Bronkhorst offers also special RS485
Modbus data cable, with lower voltage-drop. Bronkhorst can advise you when to use this special cable, but for most
cases the standard patch-cables will do well.
If more cables are used in one system, they have to be connected as a daisy-chain. This means that the total Modbus
system has only one begin and one end. For connecting instruments to the bus, Bronkhorst offers special drop-cables
which enable you to build a daisy chained network of Modbus modules.
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2.4
Termination
For best quality of data transfer Modbus should be terminated correctly.
2.4.1
Termination resistors
A resistor is added in parallel with the receiver’s “A” and “B” lines in order to match the data line characteristic
impedance specified by the cable manufacturer (120 Ω is a common value). This value describes the intrinsic
impedance of the transmission line and is not a function of the line length. A terminating resistor of less than 90 Ω
should not be used. Termination resistors should be placed only at the extreme ends of the data line (see Termination
schematics resistors RT1 and RT2), and no more than two terminations should be placed in any system that does not
use repeaters.
2.4.2
Biasing resistors
When an RS-485 network is in an idle state, all nodes are in listen (receive) mode. Under this condition there are no
active drivers on the network. All drivers are tri-stated. Without anything driving the network, the state of the line is
unknown. If the voltage level at the receiver’s A and B inputs is less than ±200 mV the logic level at the output of the
receivers will be the value of the last bit received. In order to maintain the proper idle voltage state, bias resistors
must be applied to force the data lines to the idle condition. Bias resistors are nothing more than a pull-up resistor
(RB1) on the data D1 Modbus (B/B') line and a pull-down (to ground) on the data D0 Modbus (A/A') line. The
“Termination schematic” illustrates the placement of bias resistors on a transceiver. The value of the bias resistors is
dependent on termination and number of nodes in the system. The goal is to generate enough DC bias current in the
network to maintain a minimum of 200 mV between the B and A data line. Consider the following example of bias
resistor calculation.
Ideal situation:
Termination resistors:
120 Ohm
Receiver resistance:
omitted
Bias supply voltage:
5Vdc
Wanted situation is a minimum of 200mV between A and B lines and a common mode voltage of 2.5V.
Minimum current therefore:
Total maximum bias resistor value is
The maximum value of each biasing resistor:
200mV / 60 Ohm = 3.33mA
(5V – 0.2V)/3.33mA = 1440 Ohm.
720 Ohm.
Situation with 127 nodes:
Termination resistors:
120 Ohm
Receiver resistance:
12 KOhm
Number of instruments: 127
Bias supply voltage:
5Vdc
Wanted situation is a minimum of 200mV between A and B lines and a common mode voltage of 2.5V.
Total termination resistance:
120 // 120 // 12000* 127 = 120 // 120 // 94.5 = 36.7 Ohm
Minimum current therefore:
200mV / 36.7 Ohm = 5.45mA
Total maximum bias resistor value is
(5V – 0.2V)/5.45mA = 880 Ohm.
The maximum value of each biasing resistors:
440 Ohm.
Lower values may be used. (Depending on maximum power consumption of the resistors)
Bronkhorst advices the following resistor values for the following voltages.
Supply voltage
Termination
Bias Pull-up
Bias Pull-down
termination
resistors
resistor
resistor
+5V
121 Ohm
392 Ohm
392 Ohm
+10V
121 Ohm
1210 Ohm
392 Ohm
+15V
121 Ohm
2210 Ohm
392 Ohm
+24V
121 Ohm
3480 Ohm
392 Ohm
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Bronkhorst offers special begin-termination connectors with the resistor network. This handles correct termination
but also gives a defined voltage on the Modbus D1 and D0 line for even more reliability of the bus system.
An end-terminator is also offered by Bronkhorst and handles correct termination ad the end of the bus.
Termination can be performed with special termination-connectors, offered by Bronkhorst.
Termination schematic
Modbus system
+15…24Vdc
RB1
976 Ohm
D1 Modbus (B/B’)
RT1
121 Ohm
RT2
121 Ohm
D0 Modbus (A/A’)
RB2
392 Ohm
Begin termination (RED)
End termination (BLACK)
RJ45
703297
Begin terminator
Page 12
M12
703298
End terminator
703515
Begin terminator
Modbus interface
703354
End terminator
9.17.035
BRONKHORST
3 CHANGING SLAVE ADDRESS AND BAUD RATE
Default instruments will be delivered to customers on address 1 and with a baud rate of 19200 baud.
The slave address and baud rate of the Bronkhorst meter/controller Modbus slave can be changed to fit the
instrument in your existing Modbus network. Standard baud rates for Modbus are 9600, 19200 (default) and 38400.
*MBC3 type instruments have an additional baud rate available of 57600 and 115200 baud.
3.1 Via rotary switches on the side of the instrument (if present)
On the side of the instrument are rotary switches placed and a label with the
explanation of the switches. Make sure to use a screwdriver which is suited for
the switches.
The switches have the following function:
ADDRESS (00 – 99)
With the ADDRESS switch, the instruments address can be set. The MSD is the high part of the decimal number and
the LSD the low part. For instance address 25 means MSD on 2 and LSD on 5. The default switch position is 00. In this
position the address is software programmable. The default software programmable address is 1.
During instrument initialisation, the address switches are read. If the switches specify a valid Modbus address, i.e. a
value from 1 to 99, this value is used. If the specified address differs from the value stored in the instrument, the new
address is saved in memory.
3.2 Via RS232: FlowFix
‘Off-line’ via the RS232 communication port by means of a special tooling program, called FlowFix.
FlowFix is a tool for multi-bus instruments that can be used for all field busses enabling the user to:
• Change slave address
• Read and optionally change the baud rate
• Make a service log file to be send to Bronkhorst in case of trouble
Connect your Bronkhorst meter / controller Modbus slave instrument to a free COM-port using the special cable with
on one side a T-part (with male and female sub-D 9 connector) and on the other side a female sub-D 9 connector (part
number 7.03.366). The single sub-D 9 connector should be connected to your COM-port and the female sub-D 9 of the
T-part to the male sub-D 9 of the instrument. Standard cables are approx. 3 meters. Maximum length between PC and
instrument allowed is approximately 10 meters.
Start-up FlowFix.exe and select the COM-port.
The configuration screen will appear.
Enter the Slave address and Baud rate and press [OK].
Valid values for the slave address are between 1 and
247, valid values for the baud rate are 9600, 19200,
38400, 57600 and 115200. The changed values will be
effective immediately after changing.
On some instruments with combined RS232 / RS485 communication lines it may be needed to restart
the instrument to apply the changes.
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3.3 Via RS232: other programs
It is also possible to read and or change the slave address or baud rate by means of any program via RS232 using the
COM-port of your PC on 38400 baud.
More information about the RS232 protocol can be found in document 917027 Manual RS232 interface
This document can be found at:
http://www.bronkhorst.com/en/downloads/instruction_manuals/
3.4 Via micro-switch and LED’s on the instrument (if present)
With the micro-switch on the instrument it is possible to change and readout the settings for slave address and baud
rate. The LED’s will indicate the tens of the address with green flashes and the units with red flashes. For baud rateindication both LED’s will flash.
3.4.1
Readout bus-address/MAC-ID and baud rate:
Pressing the switch 3x briefly with intervals of max. 1 second in normal running / operation mode will trigger the
instrument to “show” its bus-address/MAC-ID and baud rate.
For indication the bus-address/MAC-ID the green LED will flash the amount of tens and the red LED the amount of
units in the number. For indication of baud rate setting, both LED’s will flash.
The flashes are called “count-flashes” and have a pattern of 0.5 sec. on, 0.5 sec. off.
LED indications for bus-address and baud rate
Red LED
Time
Indication
z
z Red
0 ... 12 sec.
tens in bus-address for instrument
Off
Maximum
Amount of count flashes
0 ... 9 sec.
units in bus-address for instrument
Off
(0...9)
Maximum
baudrate setting for instrument
1 = 9600 Baud
2 = 19200 Baud
amount of count flashes amount of count flashes
1 ... 5 sec.
3 = 38400 Baud
(1...5)
(1...5)
Maximum
4 = 57600 Baud (MBC3 type only)
5 = 115200 Baud (MBC3 type only)
Note: Value zero will be indicated by a period of 1 sec. off (0.5 sec. off + 0.5 sec. off).
Green LED
z
z Green
amount of count flashes
(0...12)
Examples:
• For bus-address 35 and 9600 baud the green LED will flash 3 times, the red LED will flash 5 times and both
LED’s will flash 1 time.
• For bus-address 20 and 19200 baud the green LED will flash 2 times, the red LED will flash 0 times and both
LED’s will flash 2 times.
• For bus-address 3 and 38400 baud the green LED will flash 0 times, the red LED will flash 3 times and both
LED’s will flash 3 times.
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3.4.2
Change bus-address and baud rate:
Pressing the switch 5x briefly with intervals of max. 1 second in normal running/operation mode. Within the time-out
period of 60 seconds it is possible to start changing the bus-address/MAC-ID of the instrument. For certain field bus
systems it is necessary to select the baud rate also. Other field bus systems only have one baud rate or the baud rate
setting will adapt to the setting of the master automatically. In these cases baud rate selection is not needed and will
be skipped.
Step
1
Action
Start
2
Set tens of busaddress
3
4
Set units of busAddress
Set baud rate of
field bus
communication.
1 = 9600 Baud
2 = 19200 Baud
3 = 38400 Baud
4 = 57600 Baud
5 = 115200 Baud
Procedure for changing bus-address and baud rate
Indication
time
handling
Press the switch 5x briefly with intervals of max. 1
second in normal running/operation mode.
z
z Green LED flashes
time-out: Press switch and count green flashes for tens of
0.1 sec on
60 sec
bus-address.
0.1 sec off
Release when wanted amount has been count.
count-flashes
start when switch
is pressed:
0.5 sec on,
0.5 sec off
z
z red LED flashes
0.1 sec on
0.1 sec off
count-flashes
start when switch
is pressed:
0.5 sec on
0.5 sec off
both z
z red
and z
z green
LED flashes
0.1 sec on
0.1 sec off
count-flashes
start when switch
is pressed:
0.5 sec on,
0.5 sec off
Counts up to max. 12 and than starts at 0 again.
When counting fails, keep switch pressed and
restart counting for next attempt.
time-out:
60 sec
Press switch and count red flashes for units of busaddress.
Release when wanted amount has been count.
Counts up to max. 9 and than starts at 0 again.
When counting failed, keep switch pressed and
restart counting for next attempt.
time-out:
60 sec
Press switch and count red and green flashes for
baud rate setting.
Release when wanted amount has been count.
Counts up to max. 5 and than starts at 0 again.
When counting failed, keep switch pressed and
restart counting for next attempt.
Note: selection of 0 means: No change
Instrument returns to normal running / operation mode. Changes are valid when they are made within the time-out
times.
Value zero will be indicated by a period of 1 sec. off (0.5 sec. off + 0.5 sec. off).
When value zero is wanted, press switch shortly and release it again within 1 sec.
Before each action of flash-counting, the LED’s to be used for counting will flash in a high frequency.
(Pattern: 0.1 sec on, 0.1 sec off). As soon as the switch is pressed-down, this LED (or both LED’s) will be
off and the counting sequence will start.
3.5 By user interface (if present)
See the manual of the instrument for a description of the user interface.
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4 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
4.1 General
The information found here is the basic information needed for the installation of a Modbus system.
The implementation of the Modbus interface is based on the following standards:
[1]
Modbus_Application_Protocol_V1_1b.pdf December 28, 2006
December 20, 2006
[2]
Modbus_over_serial_line_V1_02.pdf
4.2 Implementation class
The physical and data link layer are implemented conforming to the "basic slave" implementation class as described in
document [2] “MODBUS over Serial Line specification and implementation guide V1.02”.
The following options have been implemented:
parameter
addressing
broadcast support
baud rate
transmission mode
data bits
parity
stop bits
electrical interface
options
address configurable from 1 to 247 (default 1)
yes
9600
19200 (default)
38400
57600 Baud (MBC3 type only)
115200 Baud (MBC3 type only)
RTU / ASCII
RTU = 8, ASCII = 7
even / odd / none
1
RS485 2W-cabling
remarks
Auto detection
not configurable
not configurable
ASCII mode is only available for the following products (from a certain version number).
• EL-FLOW Base
• OEM Digital
• MASS-VIEW
• MBC3 type
More detailed information about Modbus can be found at www.modbus.org or any website of the
(local) Modbus organisation of your country (when available).
4.3 Response time
This slave device will respond on each valid request from the master within 100ms. This means that the response
timeout setting of the master should be set to a value larger than or equal to 100ms.
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4.4 Supported Modbus functions
This section describes the supported Modbus function codes. Refer to [1] for details.
4.4.1
Read Holding Registers (03)
Code
02
Name
ILLEGAL DATA ADDRESS
03
04
ILLEGAL DATA VALUE
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
Possible exception responses
Meaning
in case of reading of non-existing address, or reading a part of a multi
register parameter (float, long, etc)
in case of reading less than 1 or more than 125 registers
in case of reading a write-only register
Warning: the maximum message size for the Read Holding Registers function is 100 bytes at 9600 baud
(200 bytes at 19200 baud and 400 bytes at 38400 baud). When this size is exceeded, corrupted
responses may be received.
4.4.2
Write Single Register (06)
Code
02
Name
ILLEGAL DATA ADDRESS
04
04
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
4.4.3
Possible exception responses
Meaning
in case of writing to non-existing address, or writing to a part of a multi
register parameter (float, long, etc)
in case of writing to read-only register
in case of writing illegal value to register
Write Multiple Registers (16)
Code
02
Name
ILLEGAL DATA ADDRESS
03
04
04
ILLEGAL DATA VALUE
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
Possible exception responses
Meaning
in case of writing to non-existing address, or writing to a part of a multi
register parameter (float, long, etc)
in case of reading less than 1 or more than 123 registers
in case of writing to read-only register
in case of writing illegal value to register
When one of the written registers raises an exception, the value written to all subsequent registers are discarded
(ignored).
4.4.4
Diagnostics (08)
Sub-function code (dec)
00
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
The following sub-functions are supported
Name
Return Query Data
Clear Counters and Diagnostics Register
Return Bus Message Count
Return Bus Communication Error Count
Return Bus Exception Error Count
Return Slave Message Count
Return Slave No Response Count
Return Slave NAK Count (always 0)
Return Slave Busy Count (always 0)
Return Bus Character Overrun Count
Warning: the maximum message size for the Return Query Data sub function is 100 bytes at 9600 baud
(200 bytes at 19200 baud and 400 bytes at 38400 baud). When this size is exceeded, corrupted
responses may be received.
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9.17.035
BRONKHORST
Code
01
03
04
4.4.5
Name
ILLEGAL FUNCTION
ILLEGAL DATA VALUE
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
Possible exception responses
Meaning
of not-supported sub-function
in case of an incorrect value for the data field
in case of writing illegal value to register
Report Slave ID (17)
The Slave ID field in the response is a string with the same contents as FlowDDE parameter 1 (ident number + version
nr/serial nr). The Run Indicator Status field in this message will indicate ON when the device is in normal operating
mode (FB_NORMAL).
Code
04
Page 18
Name
SLAVE DEVICE FAILURE
Possible exception responses
Meaning
in case of an internal error
Modbus interface
9.17.035
BRONKHORST
4.4.6
Available parameters
Modbus registers (in the data model) are numbered from 1 to 65536. In a Modbus PDU (Protocol Data Unit) these
registers are addressed from 0 to 65535. This addressing model has been described in section 4.4 of [1].
The following table lists the most commonly used parameters.
MODBUS REGISTERS
PARAMETER NAME
Wink
Initreset
Valve output
Measure
Setpoint
Setpoint slope
Analog input
Control mode
Sensor type
Capacity unit index
Fluid number
Alarm info
Temperature
Alarm limit maximum
Alarm limit minimum
Alarm mode
Alarm setpoint mode
Alarm new setpoint
Alarm delay
Reset alarm enable
Counter value
Counter unit index
Counter limit
Counter setpoint mode
Counter new setpoint
Counter mode
Identification number
Normal step c. resp.
Stable situation c. resp.
Open from zero c. resp.
Calibration mode
Monitor mode
Reset
Bridge potmeter
Modbus slave address
Polynomial constant A
Polynomial constant B
Polynomial constant C
Polynomial constant D
Sensor differentiator dn
Sensor differentiator up
Capacity
Fluid name
Capacity unit
Page 19
PARAMETER TYPE ACCESS
PDU ADDRESS
hex
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned int
Unsigned int
Unsigned int
Unsigned int
Unsigned int
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned int
Unsigned int
Unsigned int
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned int
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned int
Unsigned char
Unsigned int
Unsigned char
Unsigned int
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Unsigned char
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
String (10 bytes)
String (7 bytes)
0x0000
0x000A
0x001F
0x0020
0x0021
0x0022
0x0023
0x0024
0x002E
0x002F
0x0030
0x0034
0x0427
0x0C21
0x0C22
0x0C23
0x0C25
0x0C26
0x0C27
0x0C29
0x0D01
0x0D02
0x0D03
0x0D05
0x0D06
0x0D08
0x0E2C
0x0E45
0x0E51
0x0E52
0x0E61
0x0E62
0x0E68
0x0E85
0x0FAA
0x8128..0x8129
0x8130..0x8131
0x8138..0x8139
0x8140..0x8141
0x8158..0x8159
0x8160..0x8161
0x8168..0x8169
0x8188..0x818C
0x81F8..0x81FB
W
RW
RW
R
RW
RW
R
RW
RW
RW
RW
R
R
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
W
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
RW
REGISTER NUMBER
Hex
0x0001
0x000B
0x0020
0x0021
0x0022
0x0023
0x0024
0x0025
0x002F
0x0030
0x0031
0x0035
0x0428
0x0C22
0x0C23
0x0C24
0x0C26
0x0C27
0x0C28
0x0C2A
0x0D02
0x0D03
0x0D04
0x0D06
0x0D07
0x0D09
0x0E2D
0x0E46
0x0E52
0x0E53
0x0E62
0x0E63
0x0E69
0x0E86
0x0FAB
0x8129..0x812A
0x8131..0x8132
0x8139..0x81A
0x8141..0x8142
0x8159..0x815A
0x8161..0x8162
0x8169..0x816A
0x8189..0x818D
0x81F9..0x81FC
Modbus interface
Dec
1
11
32
33
34
35
36
37
47
48
49
53
1064
3106
3107
3108
3110
3111
3112
3114
3330
3331
3332
3334
3335
3337
3629
3654
3666
3667
3682
3683
3689
3718
4011
33065..33066
33073..33074
33081..33082
33089..33090
33113..33114
33121..33122
33129..33130
33161..33165
33273..33276
REMARK
Value 14592
Range 0..32767
See addr 0xA138
See addr 0xE808
See addr 0xE818
9.17.035
BRONKHORST
PARAMETER NAME
Fmeasure
FSetpoint
Temperature
Capacity 0%
Counter value
Counter limit
Counter unit
Device type
BHTModel number
Serial number
Customer model
Firmware version
Usertag
PID-Kp
PID-Ti
PID-Td
Density actual
Dynamic display factor
Static display factor
Exponential smoothing
Modbus baudrate
PARAMETER TYPE ACCESS
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
String (4 bytes)
String (6 bytes)
String (14 bytes)
String (16 bytes)
String (16 bytes)
String (5 bytes)
String (13 bytes)
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Long integer
R
RW
R
RW
RW
RW
R
R
RW
RW
RW
R
RW
RW
RW
RW
R
RW
RW
RW
RW
PDU ADDRESS
hex
0xA100..0xA101
0xA118..0xA119
0xA138..0xA139
0xA1B0..0xA1B1
0xE808..0xE809
0xE818..0xE819
0xE838..0xE839
0xF108..0xF10A
0xF110..0xF116
0xF118..0xF11F
0xF120..0xF127
0xF128..0xF12A
0xF130..0xF136
0xF2A8..0xF2A9
0xF2B0..0xF2B1
0xF2B8..0xF2B9
0xF478..0xF479
0xF508..0xF509
0xF510..0xF511
0xF520..0xF521
0xFD48..0xFD49
REGISTER NUMBER
Hex
0xA101..0xA102
0xA119..0xA11A
0xA139..0xA13A
0xA1B1..0xA1B2
0xE809..0xE80A
0xE819..0xE81A
0xE839..0xE83A
0xF109..0xF10B
0xF111..0xF117
0xF119..0xF120
0xF121..0xF128
0xF129..0xF12B
0xF131..0xF137
0xF2A9..0xF2AA
0xF2B1..0xF2B2
0xF2B9..0xF2BA
0xF479..0xF47A
0xF509..0xF50A
0xF511..0xF512
0xF521..0xF522
0xFD49..0xFD4A
REMARK
Dec
41217..41218
41241..41242
41273..41274 See addr 0x0427
41393..41394
59401..59402 See addr 0x0D01
59417..59418 See addr 0x0D03
59449..59450
61705..61707
61713..61719
61721..61728
61729..61736
61737..61739
61745..61751
62121..62122
62129..62130
62137..62138
62585..62586
62729..62730
62737..62738
62753..62754
64841..64842
Details and meaning can be found in document 9.17.023 Operation instructions digital instruments.
This document can be found at:
http://www.bronkhorst.com/en/downloads/instruction_manuals/
• Access indicates whether parameter can be Read and/or Written.
• When a byte parameter is read, the upper 8-bits of the Modbus register will be 0. When a byte
parameter is written, the upper 8-bits must be set to 0.
• Long integer parameters have a length of 4 bytes and are mapped on two consecutive Modbus
registers. The first register contains bit 32-16, the second register contains bit 15-0.
• Floating point parameters have a length of 4 bytes and are mapped on two consecutive Modbus
registers. Floats are in single precision IEEE format (1 sign bit, 8 bits exponent and 23 bits fraction).
The first register contains bit 32-16, the second register contains bit 15-0.
• String parameters can have a length of maximal 16 bytes and can take up to 8 Modbus registers
where each register contains two characters (bytes). The upper byte of the first register contains
the first character of the string. When writing strings, the write action should always start from the
first register as a complete block (it is not possible to write a part of a string). If the string is shorter
than the specified maximum length the string should be terminated with an 0.
• Parameters Temperature, Counter value and Counter limit can be found in the parameter table as
an unsigned integer variant and as a floating point variant. Only the floating point variant supports
the full parameter range and resolution.
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5 TROUBLESHOOTING
5.1 Visual diagnostics
LED indications (if present) can be very useful in case of problems with the instrument.
The green LED is normally used for instrument status indication, like normal operation or special function mode. The
red LED will burn continuously in case of a hardware failure. During normal operation, the red LED is switched on
during frame reception or sending on the Modbus interface.
More information can be found in document 9.17.023 Operation instructions digital instruments.
This document can be found at:
http://www.bronkhorst.com/en/downloads/instruction_manuals/
5.2 Step-by-step
START
Check Master
Check Slave address and
baud rate
Check all Modbus settings at your master. Master and device settings must be the
same, check baud rate and parity setting.
Check slave address and baud rate of device (slave).
Check cabling and
termination
Check cabling and bus termination of your Modbus system.
Check power supply
Check power supply. Instruments need +15Vdc or +24Vdc.
Reset
Check diagnostics
Try to reset the instrument and/or restart your master.
Check the bus diagnostics string. See below.
Ready
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5.3 Bus diagnostics string
The bus diagnostics string can be found in the service report that can be created using FlowFix. The string is also
available as parameter 202 in the Bronkhorst FlowDDE application.
The format of the string is "mAAAA eBBBB sCCCC cDDDD", where AAAA, BBBB, CCCC and DDDD are hexadecimal
representations of 16-bit counters:
•
AAAA = bus messages count (CPT1)
•
BBBB = bus communication error count (CPT2)
•
CCCC = slave message count (CPT4)
•
DDDD = bus character overrun count (CPT8)
The following table may be helpful to find the source of communication problems on Modbus. In general, read out
this string after trying to communicate between master and slave, without switching off the power in the meantime.
mAAAA
=0000
eBBBB
=0000
sCCCC
=0000
cDDDD
=0000
>0000
=0000
=0000
=0000
=0000
>0000
=0000
=0000
>0000
>0000
>0000
=0000
=0000
>0000
=0000
>0000
>0000
=0000
>0000
=0000
Page 22
Diagnostics
No communication detected by slave, check RS485 network,
especially D0 and D1 signals.
Slave detected valid Modbus messages for other addresses, make
sure master uses correct slave address
Slave detected invalid messages on the bus, make sure master uses
correct baud rate and parity settings
Slave detected both valid and invalid messages, make sure RS485
bus termination and polarization are used correctly and the
maximum number of devices is not exceeded. See chapter Error!
Reference source not found. for details.
Slave has received bytes faster than it could process, make sure
master uses correct baud rate. You may want to try a lower baud
rate.
No problem detected by slave, make sure application timeout of
master is set to a value larger than 100 ms
Modbus interface
9.17.035
BRONKHORST
6 SERVICE
For current information on Bronkhorst and service addresses please visit our website:
Þ http://www.bronkhorst.com
Do you have any questions about our products? Our Sales Department will gladly assist you selecting the right product
for your application. Contact sales by e-mail:
} [email protected]
For after-sales questions, our Customer Service Department is available with help and guidance. To contact CSD by email:
} [email protected]
No matter the time zone, our experts within the Support Group are available to answer your request immediately or
ensure appropriate further action. Our experts can be reached at:
+31 573 45 88 39
Page 23
Modbus interface
9.17.035
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