2009 DN-01 (NSA700A) Owner`s Manual

2009 DN-01 (NSA700A) Owner`s Manual

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Contents

These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.

Motorcycle Safety ..............................

.

Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.

1

Instruments & Controls ....................

.

The location and function of gauge, indicators and controls on your motorcycle and operating instructions for various controls and features.

9

Before Riding .....................................

.

53

The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make sure you and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and important information about loading.

Basic Operation & Riding ................

.

How to start and stop the engine, shift

63

gears, and brake. Also, riding precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.

Contents

08/11/24 14:11:49 31MEH600 0008 

Servicing Your Honda ......................

Why your motorcycle needs regular

.

87

maintenance, what you need to know before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.

Tips ......................................................

.

How to store and transport your motorcycle and how to be an environmentally responsible rider.

185

Taking Care of the Unexpected .......

.

193

What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.

Contents

Technical Information ......................

.

ID numbers, technical specifications, and other technical facts.

225

Consumer Information .....................

.

Information on warranties, emission controls, how to get Honda service manuals, and...

‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ........

.

247

256

Table of Contents ..............................

.

Sequential listing of topics in this owner’s manual.

258

Index ....................................................

.

264

Quick Reference

Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.

Contents

08/11/24 14:11:08 31MEH600 0002 

2009

Honda NSA700A

OWNER’S MANUAL

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Introduction

Congratulations on choosing your Honda motorcycle.

When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied customers

− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into every product.

Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycle and how it works.

To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for keeping your motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.

Introduction

We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use, the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section, and both an in-depth table of contents and an index at the back of the book.

As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your

Honda, other property, or the environment.

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Read the Warranties Booklet (page thoroughly so you understand the

251 coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

)

If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.

Please report any change of address or ownership to your Honda dealer so we will be able to contact you concerning important product information.

Introduction

You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.

Happy riding!

California Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING:

This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of

California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Introduction

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A Few Words About Safety

Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely is an important responsibility.

To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.

You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels

–– on the motorcycle.

Safety Messages

–– preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three signal words:

DANGER, WARNING,

or

CAUTION

.

These signal words mean:

Safety Messages

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A Few Words About Safety

You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

Safety Headings

–– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.

Safety Section

–– such as Motorcycle Safety.

Instructions

–– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.

This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.

Safety Messages

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This section presents some of the most important information and recommendations to help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please take a few moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the location of safety labels on your motorcycle.

Motorcycle Safety

Important Safety Information

Accessories & Modifications

................

.................

.

.

Safety Labels ..........................................

.

2

5

7

Motorcycle Safety

1

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Important Safety Information

Your motorcycle can provide many years

− responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet while riding.

There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a few that we consider to be most important.

Always Wear a Helmet

It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 54 ).

2

Motorcycle Safety

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Take Time to Learn & Practice

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Because many accidents involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). See page 56 .

Ride Defensively

The most frequent motorcycle collision happens when a car turns left in front of a motorcycle. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your lane.

Important Safety Information

Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet,

Your Motorcycle Riding Tips,

You and

which came with your new motorcycle (USA only).

Make Yourself Easy to See

Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they are not looking for them. To make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it will help others notice you.

Motorcycle Safety

3

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Important Safety Information

Ride within Your Limits

Pushing limits is another major cause of motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to make good judgments and ride safely.

Don’t Drink and Ride

Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition

It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly maintained and in safe riding condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your motorcycle before every ride and perform all recommended maintenance.

Never exceed load limits (page 61 ), and do not modify your motorcycle (page ) or install accessories that would make

6

4

Motorcycle Safety

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Modifying your motorcycle or using non-

Honda accessories can make your motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an accessory, be sure to read the following information.

Improper accessories or modifications can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding accessories and modifications.

Accessories & Modifications

Accessories

We strongly recommend that you use only

Honda Genuine Accessories that have been specifically designed and tested for your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.

Check with your Honda dealer for assistance and always follow these guidelines:

Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding position, or interfere with operating any controls.

(cont’d)

Motorcycle Safety

5

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Accessories & Modifications

Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the motorcycle’s electrical system capacity (page 234 ).

A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine power (page 216 ).

Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling.

Modifications

We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your motorcycle in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes could seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafe to ride.

Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or other equipment can also make your motorcycle illegal.

6

Motorcycle Safety

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Safety Labels

Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t remove them.

If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.

Motorcycle Safety

7

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Safety Labels

8

Motorcycle Safety

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This section shows the location of all gauge, indicators, and controls you would normally use before or while riding your motorcycle.

The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be most useful.

Instruments & Controls

Operation Component Locations

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

...........

.

................

.

11

14

Fuel Gauge ..........................................

Speedometer .......................................

.

.

23

25

Odometer/Tripmeter A & B ...............

.

26

Changing the Speed and Mileage

Unit .....................................................

Digital Clock ......................................

.

.

27

28

Instruments & Controls

(cont’d)

9

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Instruments & Controls

Controls & Features ................................

Ignition Switch ...................................

.

.

33

33

Start Button .........................................

.

Engine Stop Switch ............................

.

34

34

N-D Shift Switch ................................

.

Mode Select Switch ............................

.

35

36

Headlight Dimmer Switch

Turn Signal Switch

Horn Button

.................

.

.............................

.

36

37

........................................

.

37

RESET Button

SEL Button

....................................

.

.........................................

.

37

38

Shift Switch ........................................

.

Parking Brake Lock ............................

.

38

39

Hazard Switch

HFT

....................................

(Human-Friendly Transmission) ........

.

41

.

42

10

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:13:02 31MEH600 0020  shift switch

Operation Component Locations

ignition switch mode select switch engine stop switch front brake lever turn signal switch horn button headlight dimmer switch throttle grip

N-D shift switch start button hazard switch

Instruments & Controls

11

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Operation Component Locations

storage compartment for

U-shaped anti-theft lock owner’s manual tool kit parking brake lever rear brake pedal passenger footpeg

12

Instruments & Controls

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Operation Component Locations

rear suspension spring preload adjuster helmet holder side stand passenger footpeg

Instruments & Controls

13

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

The gauge, indicators and displays on your motorcycle keep you informed, alert you to possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the gauge, indicators and displays frequently. Their functions are described on the following pages.

(2) (3) (4) (5)

(7)

(1)

(6)

(1) tachometer

(2) odometer/tripmeter display

(3) speedometer

(4) fuel gauge

(5) tachometer red zone

(6) right turn signal indicator

(7) left turn signal indicator

(8) digital clock

(9) D mode indicator

(10) S mode indicator

(11) gear position indicator

(8)

(9)

(11)

14

Instruments & Controls

(10)

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(18)

(12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (17)

(19) (20)

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

(12) high coolant temperature indicator

(13) high beam indicator

(14) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp

(MIL)

(15) neutral indicator

(16) low oil level/pressure indicator

(17) Anti-Lock Brake System indicator

(ABS)

(18) parking brake indicator

(19) SEL button

(20) RESET button

Instruments & Controls

15

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Lamp Check

The low oil level/pressure indicator comes on when you turn the ignition switch ON so you can check that it is working. The indicator remains on until after the engine is started.

The high coolant temperature indicator lights for a few seconds and then goes off when you turn the ignition switch ON.

The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp

(MIL) lights for a few seconds and then goes off when you turn the ignition switch

ON and engine stop switch is at RUN.

The anti-lock brake system (ABS) indicator comes on when you turn the ignition switch ON. This indicator goes off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6 mph (10 km/h).

When applicable, the high beam, neutral and parking brake indicators come on when you turn the ignition switch ON and remain on until each function is cancelled.

These indicators are identified in the table on pages 18

22 with the words:

Lamp

Check.

If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for problems.

16

Instruments & Controls

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Display Check

When the ignition switch is turned ON, the display will temporarily show all the modes and digital segments. Thereafter,

1 mph to 0 mph (from 200 km/h to 0 km/h in km/h) and the tachometer ( ) will sweep to red zone again and go off so that you can make sure the liquid crystal display is functioning properly.

The displays are identified in the table on pages 18

19 with the words:

Display

Check.

If any part of these displays does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for problems.

(1) speedometer

(2) tachometer

(1)

(2)

Instruments & Controls

17

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

3

4

5

1

2 tachometer odometer/tripmeter display odometer tripmeter A & B speedometer fuel gauge tachometer red zone

Shows engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).

Display Check.

The display includes the following functions:

Display Check.

Shows the total miles or kilometers ridden (page 26 ).

Shows the number of miles or kilometers ridden since you last reset the meter. The tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and ‘‘B.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter, push and hold the RESET button (page 26 ).

Shows riding speed in miles or kilometers per hour

(page 25 ).

Display Check.

Shows approximate fuel supply available (page 23 ).

Display Check.

Shows excessive engine rpm range (indicated from the beginning of the tachometer red zone) in which operation may damage the engine. Do not let the tachometer rpm display enter the red zone.

18

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:13:56 31MEH600 0028 

6

7

8 right turn signal indicator

(green) left turn signal indicator

(green) digital clock

9 D mode indicator

10

11

S mode indicator gear position indicator

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Flashes when the right turn signal operates.

Flashes when the left turn signal operates.

Shows hour and minute (page 28 ).

Display Check.

If the engine oil level can not be detected for long periods, the digital clock will change to the OILcheck display (page 31 ).

Comes on when the transmission is switched from neutral to the D mode (page 46 ).

Comes on when the D mode is selected in the automatic shift mode (page 50 ).

Display Check.

Comes on when the S mode is selected in the automatic shift mode (page 48 ).

Display Check.

Shows the gear position when the 6-speed manual mode is selected (page

51

).

Display Check.

Instruments & Controls

19

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

12

13

14

15 high coolant temperature indicator (red) high beam indicator

(blue)

PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL)

(amber) neutral indicator (green)

Lights when the coolant is over the specified temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to the side of the road. See pages instructions and cautions.

212

Lamp Check.

213 for

Lights when the headlight is on high beam.

Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI

(Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also light for a few seconds and then go off when the ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop switch is at RUN. If the indicator comes on at any other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to a Honda dealer as soon as possible.

Lamp Check.

Lights when the transmission is in neutral.

Lamp Check.

20

Instruments & Controls

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16 low oil level/pressure indicator (red)

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

This indicator has two lighting patterns.

Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to cause engine damage.

Flashes when engine oil level is less than specified capacity.

If the low oil level/pressure indicator lights or flashes during operation, pull safely to the side of the road. See pages cautions.

214

Lamp Check

.

215 for instructions and

Instruments & Controls

21

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

17

18

19

20 anti-lock brake system

(ABS) indicator (amber) parking brake indicator

(red)

SEL button

RESET button

Lights when there is any abnormality in the anti-lock brake system (ABS). Normally, this indicator comes on when the ignition switch is turned ON, and goes off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6 mph (10 km/h). If the indicator comes on while riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe place and turn off the engine. Refer to

ABS Indicator

For information about ABS, see page

, page .

79 .

80

Lamp

Check.

Lights as a reminder that you have not released the parking brake lever.

Selects the odometer, tripmeter A and tripmeter B

(page 26 ).

Also used to set the digital clock (pages

26

28

Resets the tripmeter to zero (0) (page ).

Changes the speed and mileage units for the

30 ).

speedometer/odometer/tripmeter (page

Also used to set the digital clock (pages

27

28

).

30 ).

22

Instruments & Controls

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

(2)

(1)

Fuel Gauge

shows the approximate fuel supply available in a graduated display. When segment F ( ) goes on, the fuel tank capacity is:

2

3.96 US gal (15.0 )

3 refill the tank as soon as possible.

The amount of fuel remaining when the flashing starts is approximately:

0.79 US gal (3.0 )

(3)

(1) fuel gauge liquid crystal display

(2) segment F

(3) segment E

Instruments & Controls

23

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Fuel Gauge Failure Indication

When the fuel system has an error, all segments will blink. If this occurs, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible.

24

Instruments & Controls

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Speedometer

in miles or kilometers per hour.

(1)

(1) speedometer

Instruments & Controls

25

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Odometer/Tripmeter A & B

kilometers ridden.

2 show number of miles or kilometers ridden since you last reset the meter.

3

To select the odometer, tripmeter A or

To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the

RESET button ( ) for more than 2 seconds when the display is in the tripmeter A or tripmeter B.

The tripmeter will reset if the battery is disconnected.

26

Instruments & Controls

(4)

(5)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) odometer

(2) tripmeter A

(3) tripmeter B

(4) SEL button

(5) RESET button

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Changing the Speed and

Mileage Unit

The speedometer displays ‘‘mph’’ or

‘‘km/h.’’

The odometer/tripmeter displays ‘‘mile’’ or ‘‘km.’’

To select ‘‘mph’’/‘‘mile’’ and ‘‘km/h’’/

‘‘km,’’ push and hold the RESET button

1 display in the odometer mode.

(1)

(1) RESET button

Instruments & Controls

27

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Gauge, Indicators & Displays

Digital Clock

Shows hour and minute.

This motorcycle is able to detect the engine oil level. If the system can not read the engine oil level for long periods, the check display (page 31 ).

To adjust the time, proceed as follows:

1.

Turn the ignition switch ON.

2.

3 seconds. The clock will be set in the

2 and RESET button ( ) for more than 2 adjust mode with the hour display flashing.

(2) (3)

(1)

(1) digital clock

(2) SEL button

(3) RESET button

28

Instruments & Controls

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3.

To set the hour, push the RESET button until the desired hour and AM/PM are displayed.

The time is advanced by one hour, each time the button is pushed.

Quick setting

− push and hold the

RESET button until the desired hour and AM/PM appear.

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

4.

Push the SEL button. The minute display will start flashing.

Instruments & Controls

(cont’d)

29

08/11/24 14:15:10 31MEH600 0039 

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

5.

To set the minute, push the RESET button until the desired minute is displayed. The minute display will return to ‘‘00’’ when ‘‘60’’ is reached without affecting the hour display.

The time advances by one minute, each time the button is pushed.

Quick setting push and hold the

RESET button until the desired minute appears.

6.

To end the adjustment, push the SEL button or turn the ignition switch OFF.

The display will stop flashing automatically and the adjustment will be cancelled if the button is not pushed for about 2 minutes.

The clock will display 1:00 if the battery is reconnected.

30

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:15:16 31MEH600 0040 

OIL-Check Display

If the ignition switch is turned ON while the motorcycle is on a slope, and it is tilted up or down to the front, back, or either side, the engine oil level may not be accurately detected. This also applies when the side stand is down and the ignition switch is ON.

Before you turn the ignition switch ON, make sure you place your motorcycle in an upright position on a level surface and put the side stand up.

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

If you keep riding your motorcycle for more than 1,553 miles (2,500 km) in the condition where the engine oil level cannot be detected properly, the digital clock changes to the blinking ‘‘OIL’’ ( ) display.

1

If this happens, park in a safe place, turn

OFF the ignition switch, and check the engine oil level immediately (page 129 ).

If the engine oil level is low, add engine oil (page 126 ). Then reset the OIL-check display (page 32 ).

(1)

(1) ‘‘OIL’’

Instruments & Controls

(cont’d)

31

08/11/24 14:15:20 31MEH600 0041 

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

To reset the OIL-check display, proceed as follows:

After 4 5 minutes from stopping the engine, put the side stand up with the motorcycle upright on a firm, level surface, and turn the ignition switch ON.

Make sure that the digital clock is displayed.

If the OIL-check display does not return to the digital clock, contact your Honda dealer immediately.

32

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:15:30 31MEH600 0042 

Controls & Features

FRONT

(1) O F F O N

Ignition Switch

and stopping the engine (page 65 ) and to lock the steering for theft prevention

(page 84 ). Insert the key and turn it to the right for the ON position. Push down on the key and turn it to the left to the LOCK

(steering lock) position.

Key Position

ON

OFF

LOCK

(steering lock)

Function

Electrical circuits on.

No electrical circuits function.

No electrical circuits function. Locks the steering head.

LOCK

(1) ignition switch

To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.

Instruments & Controls

33

08/11/24 14:15:38 31MEH600 0043 

Controls & Features

Start Button

engine. Pushing the button in starts the engine. See

Starting Procedure,

page 66 .

When the start button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine; the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight and license light will stay on.

The engine will not operate if the engine stop switch is in the OFF position when the start button is pushed.

Engine Stop Switch

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2)

(1)

(1) start button

(2) engine stop switch

OFF

RUN

2 the engine in an emergency. To operate, push the switch to the OFF ( ) position.

The switch must be in the RUN ( ) position to start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN ( ) position even when the engine is OFF.

34

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:15:43 31MEH600 0044 

If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop switch OFF ( ), the headlight, taillight and license light will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Controls & Features

N-D Shift Switch

engine stop switch.

The switch has two positions: neutral (N) and drive (D).

See pages 44

47 for operation of the switch to ride your motorcycle.

(1)

(1) N-D shift switch

Instruments & Controls

35

08/11/24 14:15:49 31MEH600 0045 

Controls & Features

Mode Select Switch

To shift between the automatic shift mode and 6-speed manual mode, press the mode

1

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(1)

Headlight Dimmer Switch

to change between the high and low beams of the headlight. To operate, turn the switch to HI for high beam, LO for low beam.

(1) mode select switch

36

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:15:59 31MEH600 0046 

Turn Signal Switch

a turn or a lane change. To operate, move the switch all the way in the proper direction and release it. The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking. To cancel the light, push the switch in.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) headlight dimmer switch

(2) turn signal switch

(3) horn button

HI

LO

Controls & Features

Horn Button

The horn is used to alert other motorists.

RESET Button

The RESET button is used to reset (zero) the tripmeter. To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the button for more than 2 seconds (page 26 ).

The RESET button is used to change the speed and mileage units for the speedometer/odometer/tripmeter

(page 26 ).

The RESET button is also used to set the digital clock (page 28 ).

(cont’d)

Instruments & Controls

37

08/11/24 14:16:05 31MEH600 0047 

Controls & Features

SEL Button

The SEL button is used to select odometer, tripmeter A or tripmeter B. To select from one tripmeter to the other, push the button

(page 26 ).

The SEL button is also used to set the digital clock (page 28 ).

Shift Switch

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) shift switch

(2) shift switch ( + )

(3) shift switch ( − )

38

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:16:14 31MEH600 0048 

When the Automatic Shift Mode is selected

Press the shift switch ( ) to select the D mode or S mode.

1

When the 6-speed Manual Mode is selected

Press the shift switch to shift the gear between 1st and 6th.

Automatic shift mode: select the D mode.

2

6-speed manual mode: shift up.

Automatic shift mode: select the S mode.

3

6-speed manual mode: shift down.

Controls & Features

Parking Brake Lock

Be sure the parking brake is applied while starting and warming up the engine.

The parking brake lock will not function if the parking brake is not adjusted properly

(page 161 ).

To Apply the Parking Brake Lock

1 lock the rear wheel.

(See illustration on page 40 ).

The parking brake lock will not be applied if the parking brake is not adjusted properly (page 161 ).

Instruments & Controls

39

08/11/24 14:16:21 31MEH600 0049 

Controls & Features

To Release the Parking Brake Lock

1 lightly pulling in the lever.

Before riding, check that the parking brake indicator is turned OFF and make sure that the rear brake is fully released so there is no drag on the rear wheel.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

< To apply >

(1)

< To release >

(1) parking brake lever

40

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:16:27 31MEH600 0050 

Controls & Features

If the switch is OFF position for more than two seconds, and you push the switch again, the turn signals will not blink.

Hazard Switch

when the motorcycle is stopped under emergency or hazardous condition.

To operate it, turn the ignition key to the

ON position, and push the hazard switch.

The front and rear turn signals will blink simultaneously until you push the switch again.

All of the turn signals will keep blinking even after you turn the ignition key to the

OFF position.

(1)

Switch position

ON

OFF

(1) hazard switch

Instruments & Controls

41

08/11/24 14:16:32 31MEH600 0051 

Controls & Features

Be sure to turn the switch off when the hazard warning is no longer required, or the turn signals will not work properly and may confuse other drivers.

HFT

(Human-Friendly Transmission)

HFT is a hydraulic mechanical automatic transmission. It is a computerized control system with neutral and two selectable modes, automatic shift mode and 6-speed manual mode.

Automatic shift mode has two options: D mode and S mode.

Neutral

Under the following conditions, the driving force does not transmit.

The ignition switch is ON and engine is not running.

The engine is starting and the neutral indicator is ON.

42

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:16:38 31MEH600 0052 

Automatic Shift Mode

In this mode the transmission will automatically between low speed and high speed, depending on the throttle opening and the vehicle speed. You can select D mode or S mode.

D Mode:

This is default automatic shift mode.

The shift points are optimized for economy and comfort. Select D for normal riding.

S Mode:

Select the S mode when you need more acceleration for riding up a steep hill, if you are in stop-and-go traffic, or if you are riding with a passenger. The shift points are optimized for quicker acceleration.

Controls & Features

6-speed Manual Mode

In this mode, the rider can shift up and down manually in six-stages by using the up shift and down shift switches.

Instruments & Controls

43

08/11/24 14:16:44 31MEH600 0053 

Controls & Features

To switch modes between neutral and each drive mode, use the switches of the right and left handlebars as shown in the illustration. Refer to following pages for more information.

A u t o m a t i c S h i f t M o d e

D mode

Neutral

(idling state)

Switch

Mode

S mode

Switch

Mode

6-speed

Manual Mode

Shift Up

Shift Down

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

: N-D shift switch (D)

: N-D shift switch (N)

44

Instruments & Controls

: Mode select switch

LEFT HANDLEBAR

: Up shift switch ( + )

: Down shift switch ( − )

08/11/24 14:16:48 31MEH600 0054 

Controls & Features

Switching Between Neutral and

Automatic Shift Mode or 6-speed Manual

Mode

When you operate the N-D shift switch

1

Your motorcycle is stopped.

The engine is running.

The throttle is fully closed.

The HFT can only be switched between neutral and the D mode when idling.

If the throttle is opened while switching the HFT between neutral and the D mode, the engine will stop.

(1)

(1) N-D shift switch

Instruments & Controls

45

08/11/24 14:16:55 31MEH600 0055 

Controls & Features

To switch the transmission into D mode:

2 the N-D shift switch until the neutral

3

(2) (1)

(3) (4)

(1) N-D shift switch

(2) N-D shift switch (D)

46

Instruments & Controls

(3) neutral indicator

(4) D mode indicator

08/11/24 14:17:02 31MEH600 0056 

(2)

Controls & Features

(3) (4)

To switch the transmission into neutral:

1 the N-D shift switch in each drive mode

2

3

5 turns on.

4

(1)

(5)

(1) N-D shift switch (N)

(2) D mode indicator

(3) S mode indicator

(4) gear position indicator

(5) neutral indicator

Instruments & Controls

47

08/11/24 14:17:10 31MEH600 0057 

Controls & Features

Switching D Mode and S Mode When the

Automatic Shift Mode is Selected

1 mode and the S mode while the automatic shift mode is selected.

Switching D mode to S mode:

2 switch to the S mode and the S mode

Switching S mode to D mode:

4 to the D mode and the D mode indicator

(2)

(4)

(1) shift switch

(2) down shift switch ( − )

(3) S mode indicator

(4) up shift switch ( + )

(5) D mode indicator

(1)

48

Instruments & Controls

(5)

(3)

08/11/24 14:17:17 31MEH600 0058 

Controls & Features

Switching Between Automatic Shift Mode and 6-speed Manual Mode

Switching Automatic Shif t Mode to 6speed Manual Mode:

Press the mode select switch ( ). The gear

2

1 instrument panel to show the selected gear position.

When switching from automatic shift mode to 6-speed manual mode, the indicator is switched to the corresponding position.

When switching from automatic shift mode to 6-speed manual mode, engine rpm will change to match the suitable gear position for the speed.

(1)

(2)

(1) mode select switch

(2) gear position indicator

Instruments & Controls

49

08/11/24 14:17:23 31MEH600 0059 

Controls & Features

Switching 6-speed Manual Mode to

Automatic Shif t Mode:

4

1 indicator ( ) goes off and the D mode

2 3 appears. When switching from 6-speed manual mode to automatic shift mode, the drive mode changes depending on the last selection.

If you press and hold the mode select switch, you cannot use the 6-speed manual shift mode.

(1) mode select switch

(2) D mode indicator

(3) S mode indicator

(4) shift indicator

50

Instruments & Controls

(1)

(2) (3)

(4)

08/11/24 14:17:29 31MEH600 0060 

Controls & Features

Shifting When the 6-speed Manual Mode is Selected

Press the shift switch to shift gears when the 6-speed manual mode is selected. The

When the 6-speed manual mode is selected, shifting is not automatic. When shifting, make sure the tachometer does not enter the red zone.

To upshift the transmission, press the up

2

To downshift the transmission, press the

3

(2)

(3)

(1)

(1) shift indicator

(2) up shift switch ( + )

(3) down shift switch ( − )

Instruments & Controls

51

08/11/24 14:17:36 31MEH600 0061 

Controls & Features

Shif ting Restriction:

The transmission cannot be shifted if the travel device is damaged or the engine is over-revved.

+ − once changes one gear. The sequential shifting cannot be done if the shift

+ −

To shift gears consecutively, you need to continue to press and release either

+ −

If your speed is too low while riding in the 6-speed manual mode, the transmission automatically downshifts.

If There is a Failure in HFT

1 in the HFT if the D mode or S mode will not function in the automatic shift mode, or if the 6-speed manual mode will not function. See your Honda dealer as soon as possible.

(1)

(1) ‘‘ − ’’ icon

52

Instruments & Controls

08/11/24 14:17:45 31MEH600 0062 

Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to ride.

To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding readiness, what items you should check on your motorcycle, and adjustments to make for your comfort, convenience, or safety.

This section also includes important information about loading.

For information about adjusting the suspension on your Honda, see page 152 .

Before Riding

Are You Ready to Ride?

Protective Apparel

........................

.

..............................

.

54

54

Rider Training ....................................

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

......

.

.

56

57

Pre-ride Inspection .............................

Load Limits & Guidelines ......................

.

.

57

60

Loading ...............................................

Load Limits ........................................

.

Loading Guidelines ............................

.

.

60

61

61

Before Riding

53

08/11/24 14:17:54 31MEH600 0063 

Are You Ready to Ride?

Before you ride your motorcycle for the first time, we urge you to:

Read this owner’s manual.

Make sure you understand all the safety messages.

Know how to operate all the controls.

Before each ride, be sure:

You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.

You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.

You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.

Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear including a helmet.

54

Before Riding

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially available elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.

Protective Apparel

For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride.

Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.

Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.

08/11/24 14:18:01 31MEH600 0064 

Are You Ready to Ride?

Helmet and Eye Protection

Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic.

An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a

DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker on any helmet you buy (USA only).

Always wear a face shield or goggles to protect your eyes and help your vision.

Not wearing a helmet increases the chance of serious injury or death in a crash.

Be sure you and your passenger always wear a helmet, eye protection, and other protective apparel when you ride.

Additional Riding Gear

In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:

Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.

Leather gloves to help protect your hands.

(cont’d)

Before Riding

55

08/11/24 14:18:07 31MEH600 0065 

Are You Ready to Ride?

A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.

Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your motorcycle.

Rider Training

Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice riding the motorcycle in a safe area to build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls, and feel comfortable with its size and weight.

56

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). New riders should start with the basic course, and even experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number:

(800) 446-9227.

Other riding tips can be found in the

Riding Tips

booklet that came with your motorcycle (USA only).

08/11/24 14:18:13 31MEH600 0066 

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before riding can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Pre-ride Inspection

Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:

Tires

&

Wheels

Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge to check its pressure. Also look for signs of excessive wear

(page 164 ) or damage to the tires and wheels.

Always perform a pre-ride inspection before every ride and correct any problems.

Before Riding

57

08/11/24 14:18:22 31MEH600 0067 

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Leaks,

Loose

Parts

Lights

Walk around your motorcycle and look for anything that appears unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, license light, and turn signals are working properly.

If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:

Load Limits

Cargo

Make sure you do not exceed the load limits

(page 61 ).

Check that all cargo is secure.

Adjustments

Adjust the rear suspension

(page 153 your load.

) according to

58

Before Riding

08/11/24 14:18:29 31MEH600 0068 

Check these items after you get on the motorcycle:

Throttle

Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.

Brakes

Gauge &

Indicators

Pull the brake lever and press on the brake pedal to check that they operate normally.

Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the gauge and indicators

(pages 14 , 15 ).

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in over a week, you should also check other items, such as the oil level and other fluids.

See

Periodic Maintenance

(page 95 ).

Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no matter how often you ride.

Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your Honda dealer correct it before you ride.

Before Riding

59

08/11/24 14:18:35 31MEH600 0069 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Your motorcycle has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and braking.

But so long as you keep your motorcycle well-maintained, with good tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and guidelines.

However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your safety margin.

Loading

How much weight you put on your motorcycle, and how you load it, are important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you should be aware of the following information.

Overloading or improper loading can cause a crash and you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and other loading guidelines in this manual.

60

Before Riding

08/11/24 14:18:41 31MEH600 0070 

Load Limits

Following are the load limits for your motorcycle:

maximum weight capacity:

344 lbs (156 kg) includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading Guidelines

Your motorcycle is primarily intended for transporting you and a passenger. You may wish to secure a jacket or other small items to the seat when you are not riding with a passenger.

If you wish to carry more cargo, check with your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure to read the information regarding accessories on page 5 .

Before Riding

61

08/11/24 14:18:49 31MEH600 0071 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect its stability and handling. Even if your motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying cargo.

Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:

Check that both tires are properly inflated (page 162 ).

If you change your normal load, you may need to adjust the rear suspension

(page 153 ).

To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied down securely before you ride.

Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your motorcycle as possible.

Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.

62

Before Riding

08/11/24 14:19:02 31MEH600 0072 

This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your engine, and how to use the throttle and brakes. It also provides important information on riding with a passenger or cargo.

To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life, refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 236 ).

To protect the catalytic converter in your motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid extended idling and the use of leaded gasoline.

Basic Operation & Riding

Safe Riding Precautions .........................

Starting & Stopping the Engine .............

.

.

64

65

Preparation ..........................................

Starting Procedure ..............................

.

.

65

66

Flooded Engine ..................................

.

67

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off

System ................................................

How to Stop the Engine

Riding

.....................

.

.....................................................

.

.

67

68

69

Riding with HFT

Braking

................................

.

...................................................

.

73

77

Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)

ABS Indicator

........

.

.....................................

.

79

80

Parking ....................................................

Theft-prevention Tips ........................

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ..........

.

.

.

81

84

86

Basic Operation & Riding

63

08/11/24 14:19:06 31MEH600 0073 

Safe Riding Precautions

Before riding your motorcycle for the first time, please review the

Motorcycle Saf ety

section beginning on page 1, and the

Bef ore Riding

section beginning on page 53 .

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when riding, idling, or parking your motorcycle.

64

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:19:15 31MEH600 0074 

Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.

For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.

Your motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is down, the engine cannot be started unless the N-D shift switch is in the N

(neutral) position before raising the side stand.

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Do not use the electric starter for more than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start button for approximately 10 seconds before pressing it again.

Preparation

Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following:

The rear wheel is locked by applying the parking brake lever.

The engine stop switch is set to RUN.

Raise the side stand.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

65

08/11/24 14:19:25 31MEH600 0075 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

The transmission is in neutral (neutral indicator is ON).

The low oil level/pressure indicator is

ON.

The ABS indicator light is ON.

The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) is OFF.

The high coolant temperature indicator is OFF.

The low oil level/pressure indicator should go off a few seconds after the engine starts. If the low oil level/pressure indicator lights during operation, stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level.

Starting Procedure

This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine with an automatic choke. Follow the procedure indicated below.

Any Air Temperature

1.

With the throttle completely closed, press the start button.

The engine will not start if the throttle is fully open (because the electronic control module cuts off the fuel supply).

Snapping the throttle or fast idling for more than about 5 minutes at normal air temperature may cause exhaust pipe discoloration.

66

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:19:35 31MEH600 0076 

Flooded Engine

3.

4.

5.

If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel. To clear a flooded engine:

1.

2.

Leave the engine stop switch set to

RUN.

Open the throttle fully.

Press the start button for 5 seconds.

Follow the normal starting procedure.

If the engine starts, then open the throttle slightly if idling is unstable.

If the engine does not start, wait 10 seconds, then follow steps

1

4 again.

If the engine still won’t start, refer to

If

Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,

page 197 .

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition

Cut-off System

Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle) sensor system is designed to automatically stop the engine and fuel pump if the motorcycle is overturned.

Before restarting the engine, you must turn the ignition switch to the OFF position and then back to ON. The engine will not restart until you perform this procedure.

Basic Operation & Riding

67

08/11/24 14:19:42 31MEH600 0077 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

How to Stop the Engine

Normal Engine Stop

To stop the engine, press and hold the N

(neutral) side of the N-D shift switch until the neutral indicator comes on, and turn the ignition switch OFF.

The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

If your motorcycle is stopped with the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlight, taillight, and license light will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Emergency Engine Stop

To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate, press the switch to the OFF position.

68

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:19:49 31MEH600 0078 

1.

To prevent unexpected movement, make sure the throttle is closed and the parking brake is locked (page 39 ).

Riding

3.

To unlock the rear wheel, release the

1

(1)

(1)

2.

Mount the motorcycle from the left side keeping at least one foot on the ground to steady the motorcycle.

(1) parking brake lever

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

69

08/11/24 14:19:55 31MEH600 0079 

Riding

4.

While the engine is idling, press and

2 shift switch until the neutral indicator

3

(3)

(2)

(2) N-D shift switch (D)

70

Basic Operation & Riding

(3) neutral indicator

(4) D mode indicator

(4)

08/11/24 14:20:02 31MEH600 0080 

Riding

6.

To decelerate, close the throttle.

5.

5 gradually. The motorcycle will move forward.

Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the throttle as the motorcycle will move forward suddenly.

CLOSE

OPEN

(5)

(5) throttle

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

71

08/11/24 14:20:07 31MEH600 0081 

Riding

7.

To slow the motorcycle, reduce the

6

7

Using only one brake reduces stopping performance.

(6)

(6) front brake lever

72

Basic Operation & Riding

(7) rear brake pedal

(7)

08/11/24 14:20:13 31MEH600 0082 

Riding with HFT

Automatic Shift Mode

In this mode the transmission shifts automatically depending on the throttle opening and the vehicle speed. Within automatic shift mode, D mode and S mode can be selected.

1 handlebar control to change between D mode and S mode depending on riding circumstances.

When going up hill, switch to S mode for more power, depending on how steep the road is before you.

Riding

(1)

(1) shift switch

Basic Operation & Riding

73

08/11/24 14:20:22 31MEH600 0083 

Riding

6-speed Manual Mode

In this mode you can manually shift between 1st and 6th speed by operating the shift switch.

Upshif ting sequence:

To upshift transmission, press the up shift switch ( ) ( ) once.

Shifting is not automatic in the 6-speed manual mode. Shift up to prevent the tachometer from entering the red zone.

Downshif ting sequence:

To downshift transmission, press the down

2

When passing, shift down for more powerful acceleration.

If your speed is too low in 6-speed manual mode, the transmission will automatically downshift.

(1)

(1) up shift switch ( + )

(2) down shift switch ( − )

(2)

74

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:20:28 31MEH600 0084 

Proper shifting will provide better fuel economy.

When changing gears under normal conditions, use these recommended shift points:

Shif ting Up:

From 1st to 2nd:

From 2nd to 3rd:

From 3rd to 4th:

From 4th to 5th:

From 5th to 6th:

16 mph (25 km/h)

19 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

31 mph (50 km/h)

40 mph (65 km/h)

Riding

SHIFTING UP

SHIFTING DOWN shifting pattern

Basic Operation & Riding

75

08/11/24 14:20:34 31MEH600 0085 

Riding

Shif ting Restriction:

The transmission cannot be shifted if the travel device is damaged or if the engine is over-revved.

If you have any trouble shifting or hear a noise, see your Honda dealer.

When riding on a slippery road, shifting down may cause some wheel slip.

76

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:20:39 31MEH600 0086 

Your motorcycle is equipped with a

Combined Braking System. Operating the front brake lever applies the front brake.

Operating the rear brake pedal applies the rear brake and a portion of the front brake.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the lever and pedal simultaneously, as you would with a conventional motorcycle braking system.

As a general rule, the front braking system provides about 70 percent of total stopping power.

This model is also equipped with an Anti-

Lock Brake System (page 79 ).

Braking

To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and brake pedal smoothly.

Gradually increase braking as you feel the brakes slowing your speed.

Basic Operation & Riding

77

08/11/24 14:20:45 31MEH600 0087 

Braking

When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.

Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your motorcycle.

Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation experienced rider training course

(page 56 ) to retain these skills.

When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop will be reduced. All of your actions should be smooth under these conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss of control.

78

Basic Operation & Riding

For your safety, exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating or turning.

When descending a long, steep grade, use engine compression braking by downshifting using the 6-speed manual mode, with intermittent use of both brakes.

Continuous brake application can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.

Riding with your foot resting on the brake pedal or your hand on the brake lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.

08/11/24 14:20:52 31MEH600 0088 

Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)

This model is also equipped with an Antilock Brake System (ABS) designed to help prevent wheel lock up during hard braking on uneven or other poor surfaces while running straight. Although the wheel may

− in a turn the motorcycle can still lose traction, causing a loss of control.

In some situations, a motorcycle with ABS may require a longer stopping distance to stop on loose or uneven surfaces than an equivalent motorcycle without ABS.

ABS cannot make up for road conditions, bad judgment, or improper operation of the brakes. It is still your responsibility to

Braking

ride at reasonable speeds for weather, road surface, and traffic conditions, and to leave a margin of safety.

ABS is self-checking and is always on.

ABS may be activated by riding over a sharp drop or rise in the road level.

It is important to follow the tire recommendations (page 169 ). The ABS computer works by comparing wheel speed. Non-recommended tires can affect wheel speed and may confuse the ABS computer.

ABS does not function at low speeds

(approximately 6 mph (10 km/h) or below).

ABS does not function if the battery is discharged.

Basic Operation & Riding

79

08/11/24 14:20:57 31MEH600 0089 

Braking

ABS Indicator

Normally, this indicator comes on when the ignition is turned ON, and goes off after you ride the motorcycle at a speed above 6 mph (10 km/h). If there is an ABS problem, the indicator comes on and remains on. The ABS system does not operate when the ABS indicator is on.

If the ABS indicator comes on while riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe place and turn off the engine.

Turn the ignition ON again. The indicator should come on, and go off after you ride the motorcycle at speeds above 6 mph (10 km/h). If it does not go off, ABS is not functioning, but the brakes still work as

80

Basic Operation & Riding

part of the Combined Braking System and provide normal stopping ability. However, you should have the system checked by

Honda dealer as soon as possible.

The ABS indicator may come on if you turn the rear wheel while the motorcycle is upright on the stand. This is normal. Turn the ignition OFF, then turn it ON. The indicator should come on, then go off after you run the motorcycle above 19 mph (30 km/h).

08/11/24 14:21:05 31MEH600 0090 

1.

Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure the ground surface is firm, especially under the side stand.

If you must park on a hill, apply the parking brake lock, and position the rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree angle.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when parking your motorcycle. Refer to

Catalytic Converter

, page 244 .

To avoid possible heat damage to your motorcycle or personal belongings, do not cover the exhaust muffler with a protective cover or any clothing within 20 minutes after shutting off the engine.

Parking

2.

Use the side stand to support the motorcycle while parked.

To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down. Remember that lowering the side stand with the transmission in the automatic shift mode or 6-speed manual mode will stop the engine. That is a function of the side stand ignition cut-off system.

Check that the side stand is down all the way so that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 65 ) is activated.

If you have to park on a soft surface, insert something solid under the side stand for support.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

81

08/11/24 14:21:11 31MEH600 0091 

Parking

FRONT

(1)

(A)

To lock

(B)

3.

Use the steering lock, which locks the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left. Push in on the

1

Remove the key.

(To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.)

(C)

( A )

(1) ignition key

To unlock

(A) push in

(B) turn to LOCK

(C) turn to OFF

82

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:21:19 31MEH600 0092 

LEFT REAR

(2)

(3)

Parking

Install the rear seat and lock it securely.

Remove the helmet holder wire and store it in the tool kit when it is not used.

(4)

(2) helmet holder wire

(3) D-ring

(4) helmet holder

4.

Use the helmet holder wire stored in the tool kit to secure your helmet with your motorcycle:

Remove the rear seat (page 109 ).

Route either end of the helmet holder wire ( ) through the helmet’s D-ring

3

2

Riding with a helmet attached to the holder can interfere with the rear wheel or suspension and could cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Use the helmet holder only while parked. Do not ride with a helmet secured by the holder.

Basic Operation & Riding

83

08/11/24 14:21:26 31MEH600 0093 

Parking

Theft-prevention Tips

Park your motorcycle in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.

Always take the ignition key with you.

Always use the steering lock (page 82 even if you’re parking for just a minute

), or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.

In addition to the steering lock, use a good quality anti-theft device made specifically to lock a motorcycle to a secure object.

If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

The rear fender has a storage compartment to store a U-shaped lock under the rear seat. Some U-shaped locks may not be stored in the compartment due to their size or design.

84

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:21:30 31MEH600 0094 

UNDER REAR SEAT

Parking

Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information with your motorcycle. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you if your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.

Basic Operation & Riding

85

08/11/24 14:21:36 31MEH600 0095 

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo

Your motorcycle is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for this vehicle (

Load Limits,

page 61 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured

(

Loading Guidelines,

page 61 ).

Also consider adjusting the suspension

(page 152 ) for the extra load.

Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration, braking, and handling.

Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper protective apparel (page 54 ).

Tell your passenger to hold the grab rail or your waist, lean with you in the turns, and keep their feet on the passenger footpegs at all times, even when the motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.

86

Basic Operation & Riding

08/11/24 14:21:46 31MEH600 0096 

To help keep your motorcycle in good shape, this section includes a Maintenance

Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific maintenance tasks.

You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.

For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC), see page 237 .

For information about replacing fuses, see page 216 .

Servicing Your Honda

USA only

Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or individual using parts that are

‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance

Maintenance Safety

............

.

................................

.

90

91

Important Safety Precautions

Periodic Maintenance

.............

.

.............................

.

92

94

Maintenance Schedule

Maintenance Record

...........................

.

..........................

.

96

102

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

87

08/11/24 14:22:08 31MEH600 0097 

Servicing Your Honda

Service Preparations

..

Tool Kit ...............................................

Owner’s Manual Storage ...................

.

.

Seat Removal ......................................

Right Side Cover Removal ................

.

.

Rear Cowl Removal ...........................

Under Cowl Removal

Front Cowl Removal

.........................

..........................

.

.

.

Clip Removal ......................................

.

104

107

108

109

111

112

116

118

120

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel .....................................................

Engine Oil & Filter .

Coolant

.............................

................................................

.

.

Air Cleaner .........................................

Crankcase Breather ............................

.

.

Final Drive Oil ....................................

.

122

125

136

140

142

143

88

Servicing Your Honda

Engine

Throttle ...............................................

.

Spark Plugs .........................................

.

147

149

Chassis

Suspension ..........................................

.

Brakes

Tires

.................................................

....................................................

Side Stand ...........................................

.

.

.

152

155

162

171

Electrical

Battery ................................................

.

172

Appearance Care ................................

.

177

08/11/24 14:22:20 31MEH600 0098 

Servicing Your Honda

The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s performance.

Type of Inspection/Service

Pre-ride Inspection

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

Refer to page:

57

94

96

When Performed before every ride monthly

* interval on schedule

Who Performs you you your Honda dealer

**

** more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified

Servicing Your Honda

89

08/11/24 14:22:26 31MEH600 0099 

The Importance of Maintenance

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained motorcycle will also help to reduce air pollution.

Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect your motorcycle before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the

Maintenance Schedule in this section.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before you ride can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual.

If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some of the repairs yourself.

90

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:22:31 31MEH600 0100 

This section includes instructions on how to perform some important maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many of these tasks with the tools provided with your motorcycle.

Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.

Instructions are included in this manual only to assist in emergency service.

Maintenance Safety

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.

Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures and precautions in this owner’s manual.

Servicing Your Honda

91

08/11/24 14:22:36 31MEH600 0101 

Maintenance Safety

Important Safety Precautions

Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will help eliminate several potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.

Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot motorcycle parts.

the engine and exhaust system cool

Let before touching.

Injury from moving parts.

Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and skills required.

To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the side stand or a maintenance stand to provide support.

To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.

92

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:22:40 31MEH600 0102 

Maintenance Safety

Remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new

Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase an official Honda Service Manual

(page 248 ).

Servicing Your Honda

93

08/11/24 14:22:44 31MEH600 0103 

Periodic Maintenance

In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page 96 ) and daily pre-ride inspection (page 57 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your motorcycle, or as often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea to perform this maintenance any time you clean your motorcycle.

Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks that are needed (page 96 ). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for riding in severe conditions.

94

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:22:55 31MEH600 0104 

Periodic Maintenance

Tires &

Wheels

Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page

Examine the tread for wear (page 164 ).

162

Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of damage (page 164 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the entire surface.

Check the condition of the wheels.

Fluids Check the levels of the engine oil (page brake fluid (page 157

129 ), coolant (page

143

137 ),

), and final drive oil (page ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid

Lights

Freeplay level.

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, license light, and turn signals are working properly.

Check the freeplay of the throttle grip (page 147

Fuses Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.

Nuts & Bolts Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.

).

).

Servicing Your Honda

95

08/11/24 14:23:00 31MEH600 0105 

Maintenance Schedule

The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should have your motorcycle serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to have your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable performance and proper emission control.

The service intervals in this Maintenance

Schedule are based on average riding conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.

Consult your Honda dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.

Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your Honda dealer perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required tools and equipment. Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in an official

Honda Service Manual available for purchase (page 248 ).

96

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:23:06 31MEH600 0106 

If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance, use only Honda

Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to ensure the best quality and reliability.

Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 57 ) and owner maintenance (page scheduled maintenance period.

96 ) at each

Maintenance Schedule

Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.

Certain items (particularly those marked

* and

**

) may require more technical information and tools. Consult your

Honda dealer.

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 248 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your

Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

97

08/11/24 14:23:13 31MEH600 0107 

Maintenance Schedule

Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes

& Procedures:

NOTES:

1.

At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.

2.

3.

Service more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Service more frequently when riding in

4.

5.

rain or at full throttle.

California type only.

Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires mechanical skill.

Maintenance Procedures:

I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary

C: clean

A: adjust

L: lubricate

R: replace

98

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:23:24 31MEH600 0108 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

FUEL LINE

THROTTLE OPERATION

AIR CLEANER

CRANKCASE BREATHER

SPARK PLUGS

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

2

3

VALVE CLEARANCE

ENGINE OIL

ENGINE OIL FILTER

HFT OIL FILTER (ELEMENT)

ENGINE IDLE SPEED

0.6

1.0

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

12

19.2

16

25.6

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

C C

R

C C C

EVERY 16,000 mi (25,600 km) I,

EVERY 32,000 mi (51,200 km) R

I I I

I I I

I

INITIAL= 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R

REGULAR= EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km)

R

R or 12 months: R

R

R

R

R

R

R

I

24

38.4

I

I

R

C

Refer to page

147

142

149

125

130

133

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 248 ).

Servicing Your Honda

99

08/11/24 14:23:33 31MEH600 0109 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

FREQUENCY

NOTE

5

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

RADIATOR COOLANT

COOLING SYSTEM

SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY

SYSTEM

EVAPORATIVE EMISSION

CONTROL SYSTEM

4

0.6

1.0

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

12

19.2

16

25.6

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

I I

24

38.4

R

I

I

Refer to page

136

I I −

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 248 ).

100

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:23:44 31MEH600 0110 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

FINAL DRIVE OIL

BRAKE FLUID

BRAKE PAD WEAR

BRAKE SYSTEM

BRAKELIGHT SWITCH

BRAKE LOCK OPERATION

HEADLIGHT AIM

SIDE STAND

SUSPENSION

NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS

WHEELS/TIRES

STEERING HEAD

BEARINGS

5

0.6

1.0

I

I

I

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

I

I

I

8

12.8

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

12

19.2

R

I

I

16

25.6

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

24

38.4

R

R

I

I

I

I

I

Refer to page

143

156

159, 160

155

39

171

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 248 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

101

08/11/24 14:23:51 31MEH600 0111 

Maintenance Record

Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.

Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.

Miles (km)

600 (1,000)

4,000 (6,400)

8,000 (12,800)

12,000 (19,200)

16,000 (25,600)

20,000 (32,000)

Odometer Date Performed By: Notes

102

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:23:57 31MEH600 0112 

Miles (km)

24,000 (38,400)

28,000 (44,800)

32,000 (51,200)

36,000 (57,600)

40,000 (64,000)

44,000 (70,400)

48,000 (76,800)

52,000 (83,200)

56,000 (89,600)

60,000 (96,000)

64,000 (102,400)

68,000 (108,800)

Odometer Date

Maintenance Record

Performed By: Notes

Servicing Your Honda

103

08/11/24 14:24:01 31MEH600 0113 

Maintenance Component Locations

front brake fluid reservoir mode select switch front brake lever throttle grip

104

Servicing Your Honda

fuel fill lid

08/11/24 14:24:06 31MEH600 0114  coolant reserve tank cap

Maintenance Component Locations

owner’s manual storage compartment tool kit spark plug rear brake fluid reservoir oil filler cap front brake caliper coolant reserve tank dipstick crankcase breather tube rear brake pedal

Servicing Your Honda

105

08/11/24 14:24:10 31MEH600 0115 

Maintenance Component Locations

rear suspension spring preload adjuster air cleaner element main fuse

HFT fuse fuse box battery final gear oil filler cap spark plug

106

Servicing Your Honda

oil drain bolt side stand rear brake caliper final gear oil drain plug

08/11/24 14:24:15 31MEH600 0116 

The tool kit ( ) is stored under the rear seat (page 109 ).

An optional, larger tool kit may be available. Check with your Honda dealer’s parts department.

UNDER REAR SEAT

(1)

Tool Kit

(1) tool kit

Servicing Your Honda

107

08/11/24 14:24:21 31MEH600 0117 

Owner’s Manual Storage

Your motorcycle provides storage for the owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the

1

2 the rear seat (page 109 ).

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.

UNDER REAR SEAT

(2)

(1)

(1) plastic storage bag

(2) owner’s manual storage compartment

108

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:24:29 31MEH600 0118 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The rear seat must be removed for battery or fuse maintenance.

Rear Seat Removal

2

1 ignition key ( ) into the seat lock ( ).

Turn it clockwise, then pull the rear seat back and up.

To install the rear seat, insert the prongs

4 5 frame prongs ( ) into the guide hooks ( ), and then push down on the rear of the rear seat.

6 7

Be sure the seat is locked securely in position after installation.

(3)

(4)

Seat Removal

(7)

(1)

(6)

(2)

(1) rear seat

(2) ignition key

(3) seat lock

(4) prongs

(5)

(5) seat hook

(6) frame prongs

(7) guide hooks

Servicing Your Honda

109

08/11/24 14:24:37 31MEH600 0119 

Seat Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The front seat must be removed for fuse maintenance.

Front Seat Removal

To remove the front seat ( ), remove the rear seat (page 109

1

2

) and the mounting bolts ( ), and then pull the seat up and back.

To install the front seat, insert the front

3

4

Install the rear seat.

5 and tighten the mounting bolts securely.

(3)

(4)

(2)

(1)

(5)

(1) front seat

(2) mounting bolts

(3) front tabs

(4) rear tabs

(5) rear stays

110

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:24:47 31MEH600 0120 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The right side cover must be removed to check the engine oil level and change the engine oil, engine oil filter and HFT oil filter.

Immediately after stopping the engine, the engine, exhaust pipe and muffler will be hot. Be careful not to burn yourself.

Removal

1.

1

2.

toward you with the notch ( ), pull out grommets ( ).

3

2 the upper prongs ( ) from the upper

By pulling up the right side cover, pull

5

Right Side Cover Removal

Installation

1.

Align the lower prong with the lower

2.

3.

grommet.

Align the upper prongs with the upper grommets.

Push the prongs in.

(4)

(2)

(3)

(6) (1) (5)

(1) right side cover

(2) notch

(3) upper prongs

(4) upper grommets

(5) lower prong

(6) lower grommet

Servicing Your Honda

111

08/11/24 14:24:56 31MEH600 0121 

Rear Cowl Removal

The right rear cowl must be removed to inspect the coolant reserve tank. The left rear cowl must be removed for battery maintenance.

The right and left rear cowls can be removed in the same manner.

Removal

1.

Remove the rear seat (page 109 ).

2.

Remove the clips A ( ) and rear center

2

1

3.

Remove the screw A ( ) and screws B

4

3

(3)

(4)

(2)

(1) clips A

112

(1)

(2) center cowl

Servicing Your Honda

(3) screw A (4) screws B

08/11/24 14:25:04 31MEH600 0122 

4.

5.

6.

5

6 forward and carefully pull the rear cowl

7

8

9 of the rear cowl from the hook ( 10 ).

Rear Cowl Removal

RIGHT SIDE

(9)

(10)

(5)

(6)

LEFT SIDE

(7)

(8)

(10)

(8)

(7)

(5) clips A

(6) rear cowl

(7) prong(s)

(9)

(5)

(6)

(8) grommet(s)

(9) upper tab

(10) hook

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

113

08/11/24 14:25:09 31MEH600 0123 

Rear Cowl Removal

7.

While sliding the rear cowl back, remove the rear tabs ( 11 ) from the rear fender and remove the rear cowl.

RIGHT SIDE

(11)

114

Servicing Your Honda

(11)

(11) rear tabs

08/11/24 14:25:15 31MEH600 0124 

Rear Cowl Removal

2.

3.

4.

Installation

1.

Attach the rear cowl in the reverse order of removal.

Tighten the screw A and screws B.

Install the rear center cowl and clips A.

Install the rear seat (page 109 ).

Servicing Your Honda

115

08/11/24 14:25:24 31MEH600 0125 

Under Cowl Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The right under cowl must be removed to replace the HFT oil filter.

Immediately after stopping the engine, the engine, exhaust pipe and muffler will be hot. Be careful not to burn yourself.

Removal

1.

1

2.

3.

2 washer, and pull out from the prongs.

Remove the screw ( ) and pull out the under cowl cover ( ).

6 removing the step board mounting bolts

(7)

(3)

(1) (2)

(1) muffler cover

(2) muffler cover bolt

(3) rubber cap

116

Servicing Your Honda

(6)

(4)

(4) screw

(5) under cowl cover

(6) right step board

(7) step board mounting bolts

(5)

08/11/25 11:27:34 31MEH600 0126 

4.

10

8 9 bolts B ( ) and pull out the right under cowl ( 11 ).

Carefully pull out the right under cowl from around the rear brake pedal ( 12 ) by moving it as shown in the illustration.

(11)

(10)

(8) clips B

(9) bolt A

(10) bolts B

(12)

(9)

(8)

(11) right under cowl

(12) rear brake pedal

Under Cowl Removal

Installation

Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.

Carefully route the rear brake pedal through the opening of the right under cowl.

If either of the rubber caps came away from the prongs when removing the muffler cover, re-attach them.

Position the muffler cover so the prongs are aligned with the hooks.

Install the bolts and tighten to the specified torque: step board mounting bolts:

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m) muffler cover bolts:

7 lbf·ft (9 N·m , 0.9 kgf·m)

Servicing Your Honda

117

08/11/24 14:25:46 31MEH600 0127 

Front Cowl Removal

The left front cowl must be removed for air cleaner maintenance.

Removal

1.

2.

3.

Remove the front seat (page 110 ).

1

(10)

(9)

4.

5.

Remove the rear view mirror assembly

3 4 washers.

5

7

8

6

(8)

(5)

(6)

(4)

(2)

(4)

(1) rubber dust cover

(2) connector

(3) rear view mirror assembly

(1)

(3)

(4) bolts A

(9) metal plate

(10) arrow mark

118

Servicing Your Honda

(7)

(5) bolt B

(6) clip A

(7) clips B

(8) front cowl

08/11/24 14:25:53 31MEH600 0128 

6.

Pull the back of the front cowl to release the tabs, then pull the front cowl slightly backwards.

Front Cowl Removal

Installation

1.

Position in front of the front cowl and

2.

align the tabs with the guides. Then, push the front cowl into place and attach the bolt and clips.

Install the rear view mirror assembly.

3.

Install the metal plate ( ) with its front.

10

9 arrow mark ( ) facing towards the

Install the front seat (page 110 ).

Servicing Your Honda

119

08/11/24 14:26:01 31MEH600 0129 

Clip Removal

Removal

Remove the pin with a Phillips screwdriver.

Pull out the clip from the hole.

Installation

Insert the clip into the hole.

Push the pin in.

120

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:26:08 31MEH600 0130 

Removal

Press down on the center pin to release the lock.

Pull the clip out of the hole.

Clip Removal

Installation

Push the bottom of the pin.

Insert the clip into the hole.

Lightly press down on the center pin to lock the clip.

Servicing Your Honda

121

08/11/24 14:26:17 31MEH600 0131 

Fuel

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Fuel Recommendation

type pump octane number unleaded

86 (or higher)

We recommend that you use unleaded fuel because it produces fewer engine deposits and extends the life of exhaust system components.

The use of leaded gas will damage the catalytic converter.

Your engine is designed to use any gasoline that has a pump octane number of

86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 245 .

Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.

If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your Honda dealer.

122

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:26:26 31MEH600 0132 

Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.

Fuel Capacity

Fuel tank capacity:

3.96 US gal (15.0 )

The tank should be refilled as soon as possible when the E segment in the fuel gauge flashes.

Fuel

Refueling Procedure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

(3) (1)

(2)

(4)

(1) ignition key

(2) fuel fill lid

1.

(3) fuel fill cap

(4) filler neck

2

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

123

08/11/24 14:26:32 31MEH600 0133 

Fuel

2.

3.

4.

Open the fuel fill lid.

3

Add fuel until the level reaches the

4 overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.

5.

6.

7.

After refueling, be sure to tighten the fuel fill cap firmly by turning it clockwise until it clicks.

Close the fuel fill lid.

Remove the key from the fuel fill lid.

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

124

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:26:37 31MEH600 0134 

Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the service life of the engine.

Using the proper oil (page 126 ) and filter, and regularly checking, adding, and changing oil will help extend your engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.

Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.

Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page 99 .

Engine Oil & Filter

When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.

Servicing Your Honda

125

08/11/24 14:26:45 31MEH600 0135 

Engine Oil & Filter

Oil Recommendation

API classification

SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label

SAE 10W-30 viscosity

(weight)

JASO T 903 standard

MA suggested oil

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA

& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil

(Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil.

Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label.

126

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:26:53 31MEH600 0136 

Your motorcycle does not need oil additives. Use the recommended oil.

Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum additives. They may adversely affect clutch operation.

Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication and clutch performance.

Engine Oil & Filter

Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.

NOT RECOMMENDED OK

Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.

Servicing Your Honda

127

08/11/24 14:26:58 31MEH600 0137 

Engine Oil & Filter

JASO T 903 standard

The JASO T 903 standard is an index for engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.

There are two classes: MA and MB.

Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on the oil container. For example, the following label shows the MA classification.

(1)

(2)

(1) code number of the sales company of the oil

(2) oil classification

128

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:27:09 31MEH600 0138 

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

RIGHT SIDE

(4)

(2)

(3)

(1)

(1) dipstick

(2) upper level mark

(3) lower level mark

(4) oil filler cap

Engine Oil & Filter

Immediately after stopping the engine, the engine, exhaust pipe and muffler will be hot. Be careful not to burn yourself.

1.

2.

3.

Park your motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

Remove the right side cover (page 111 ).

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 5 minutes. Make sure the warning indicator and low oil pressure indicator go off. If the indicators remains on, stop the engine immediately.

4.

5.

6.

7.

1

Remove the dipstick ( ) and wipe it clean.

Hold the motorcycle in an upright position.

Insert the dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

129

08/11/24 14:27:19 31MEH600 0139 

Engine Oil & Filter

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Remove the dipstick and check the oil level.

If the oil is at or near the upper level

2 oil.

If the oil is below or near the lower

4

3 recommended oil until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)

Reinstall the oil filler cap.

Reinstall the dipstick.

Check for oil leaks.

Install the right side cover (page 111 ).

Changing Engine Oil & Filter

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine oil filter or a filter of equal quality specified for your model.

Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in leaks or engine and transmission damage.

130

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:27:28 31MEH600 0140 

This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained fluid

(page 191 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your Honda dealer.

3.

4.

5.

Drain the Engine Oil:

1.

Park the motorcycle on its side stand on

2.

a firm, level surface.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it

− settle.

Remove the right side cover (page 111

Place a drain pan under the crankcase.

).

To drain the oil, remove the oil filler

1

Engine Oil & Filter

FRONT, UNDER ENGINE

(2)

(1)

(1) engine oil drain bolt

(2) sealing washer

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

131

08/11/24 14:27:35 31MEH600 0141 

Engine Oil & Filter

Install a New Oil Filter:

6.

3 filter wrench and let the remaining oil drain out. Discard the engine oil filter in

7.

an approved manner (page 191 ).

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 191 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

RIGHT SIDE

(3) engine oil filter

(3)

132

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:27:43 31MEH600 0142 

(10)

Engine Oil & Filter

8.

9.

10.

11.

5 6

4

HFT oil filter ( ) and spring ( ) by

7

Check that the oil filter cover O-ring

8 the spring and new oil filter. Use the

Honda Genuine oil filter or an equivalent filter specified for your model. Other filters not specified for your model may not filter impurities properly.

Install the filter with the rubber seal ( ) facing in, toward the engine. You will

9 see ‘‘IN-SIDE’’ mark ( body, near the seal.

10 ) on the filter

Reinstall the oil filter cover, making sure the bolts are tightened securely.

Oil filter bolt torque:

7 lbf·ft (10 N·m , 1.0 kgf·m)

(9)

(7)

(5) (6) (8) (4)

(4) HFT oil filter cover

(5) HFT oil filter

(6) spring

(7) oil filter bolts

(8) O-ring

(9) rubber seal

(10) IN-SIDE mark

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

133

08/11/24 14:27:50 31MEH600 0143 

Engine Oil & Filter

Use only the Honda Genuine HFT oil filter or a filter of equivalent quality specified for your model. Using the wrong

Honda filter or a non-Honda filter which is not of equivalent quality may cause transmission damage.

12.

Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the

11

(11)

(11) rubber seal

13.

14.

Install the new engine oil filter and tighten it by hand.

Using an oil filter wrench attachment and a torque wrench, tighten the new engine oil filter to the specified torque:

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

134

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:28:00 31MEH600 0144 

15.

Check the condition of the sealing washer on the engine oil drain bolt.

Replace the washer every other time the oil is changed.

Install the engine oil drain bolt and tighten it to the specified torque:

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)

Engine Oil & Filter

Add Engine Oil:

16.

Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page approximately:

126

17.

18.

19.

20.

),

3.5 US qt (3.3 )

Install the oil filler cap.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3 5 minutes.

21.

22.

23.

Hold the motorcycle upright and check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the dipstick (page 129 ).

Check that there are no oil leaks.

Install the right under cowl (page

Install the right side cover (page

117

111 ).

).

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Servicing Your Honda

135

08/11/24 14:28:07 31MEH600 0145 

Coolant

Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system dissipates engine heat through the coolant jacket that surrounds the cylinder and cylinder head.

Maintaining the coolant will allow the cooling system to work properly and prevent freezing, overheating, and corrosion.

Coolant Recommendation

Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines. Check the antifreeze container label.

Use only distilled water as a part of the coolant solution. Water that is high in mineral content or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.

Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may cause premature wear of water pump seals or blockage of radiator passages.

Using tap water may cause engine damage.

The factory provides a 50/50 solution of antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.

This coolant solution is recommended for most operating temperatures and provides good corrosion protection.

136

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:28:14 31MEH600 0146 

Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze to less than 40% will not provide proper corrosion protection.

Increasing the concentration of antifreeze is not recommended because it decreases cooling system performance. Higher concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%) should only be used to provide additional protection against freezing. Check the cooling system frequently during freezing weather.

Coolant

Checking & Adding Coolant

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(4)

(3)

(1) reserve tank

(1)

(2) UPPER level mark

(3) LOWER level mark

(4) reserve tank cap

Servicing Your Honda

137

08/11/24 14:28:24 31MEH600 0147 

Coolant

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

With the engine at normal operating temperature, check the coolant level in

1

2

3

If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks and see your Honda dealer for repair.

Remove the right rear cowl (page

4

112

115 ).

).

Always add coolant to the reserve tank.

Do not attempt to add coolant by removing the radiator cap.

Add coolant to the reserve tank as required to bring the coolant level to the

UPPER level mark.

Install the reserve tank cap.

Install the right rear cowl (page

138

Servicing Your Honda

Coolant Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Coolant should be replaced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 248 ).

08/11/24 14:28:29 31MEH600 0148 

Coolant

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

Removing the radiator cap while the engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool down before removing the radiator cap.

To properly dispose of drained coolant, refer to page 191

You & the Environment,

.

Servicing Your Honda

139

08/11/24 14:28:35 31MEH600 0149 

Air Cleaner

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Service the air cleaner more frequently if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Your Honda dealer can help you determine the correct service interval for your riding conditions.

Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified for your model or an air cleaner of equivalent quality.

Using the wrong air cleaner may result in premature engine wear.

Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent premature engine wear or damage, expensive repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.

Improper or lack of proper air cleaner maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and premature engine wear.

140

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:28:45 31MEH600 0150 

Air Cleaner

Replacement

1.

2.

Remove the left front cowl (page 118

Remove the screws ( ) and air cleaner

2

1

).

3.

4.

5.

6.

Discard the air cleaner.

Thoroughly clean the inside of the air

4

Install a new air cleaner.

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(4)

(2)

(1)

(1) screws

(2) air cleaner housing cover

(3)

(3) air cleaner

(4) air cleaner case

Servicing Your Honda

141

08/11/24 14:28:52 31MEH600 0151 

Crankcase Breather

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can see deposits in the transparent section of the drain tube.

Draining

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) crankcase breather tube

1.

2.

3.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase

1

Remove the tube to drain the deposits in it.

Reinstall the crankcase breather tube.

142

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:29:03 31MEH600 0152 

Oil Recommendation

type viscosity

(weight) hypoid gear oil

SAE 80

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

LEFT REAR

(3) (4)

(1)

(1) bolt A

(2) bolt B

(3) prong

(5)

(2)

(4) grommet

(5) final gear cover

Final Drive Oil

1.

2.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

2 washers.

3.

5

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

143

08/11/24 14:29:09 31MEH600 0153 

Final Drive Oil

4.

5.

6.

7.

6

Check the oil level. It should be flush with the lower edge of the oil filler hole

7

If the level is low, check for leaks. Add the recommended oil through the oil filler hole until it reaches the lower edge of the opening.

Install the oil filler cap and tighten to the specified torque:

8.

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

Install the final gear cover. Tighten the bolt A and B to the specified torque:

7 lbf·ft (9 N·m , 0.9 kgf·m)

(6)

(6) oil filler cap

(7) oil filler inspection hole

(7)

144

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:29:21 31MEH600 0154 

Changing Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Change the oil with the final drive at normal operating temperature to assure complete and rapid draining.

LEFT REAR

(3) (4)

(1)

(1) bolt A

(2) bolt B

(3) prong

(5) (2)

(4) grommet

(5) final gear cover

Final Drive Oil

1.

2.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

2 washers.

3.

4.

5.

6.

5

Place a drain pan under the oil drain

6

7

8

After the oil has completely drained, check that the sealing washer is in good condition. Reinstall the oil drain bolt with its sealing washer (or a new washer, if necessary) and tighten it to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

145

08/11/24 14:29:30 31MEH600 0155 

Final Drive Oil

(9)

(7)

(6) (8)

(6) oil drain bolt

(7) oil filler cap

(8) sealing washer

(9) oil filler inspection hole

7.

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 191 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

8.

Fill the final drive with the recommended oil:

9.

5.4 US oz (160 cm )

Make sure the final drive oil level is at

9

Install the oil filler cap and tighten to the specified torque:

10.

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

Install the final gear cover. Tighten the bolt A and B to the specified torque:

7 lbf·ft (9 N·m , 0.9 kgf·m)

146

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:29:40 31MEH600 0156 

Throttle Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

Throttle

Inspection

Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.

Freeplay:

1/16 − 3/16 in (2 − 4 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

2.

Loosen the lock nut ( ).

Turn the adjuster ( ).

1

3.

4.

Tighten the lock nut.

After adjustment, check for smooth rotation of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully open in all steering positions.

(1) lock nut

(1)

(2)

(2) adjuster

Servicing Your Honda

147

08/11/24 14:29:45 31MEH600 0157 

Throttle

Throttle Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

1.

2.

Check that the throttle assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check for smooth rotation of the throttle from fully open to fully closed in all steering positions. If there is a problem, see your Honda dealer.

148

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:29:52 31MEH600 0158 

Spark Plug Recommendation

standard spark plug

SIMR8A9 (NGK)

Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.

Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.

Spark Plugs

This motorcycle uses spark plugs that have an iridium coated center electrode.

Be sure to observe the following when servicing the spark plugs.

Do not clean the spark plugs. If an electrode is contaminated with accumulated objects or dirt, replace the spark plug with a new one.

To check the spark plug gap, use only a

‘‘wire-type feeler gauge.’’ To prevent damaging the iridium coating of the center electrode, never use a ‘‘leaf-type feeler gauge.’’

Do not adjust the spark plug gap. If the gap is out of specification, replace the spark plug with a new one.

Servicing Your Honda

149

08/11/24 14:30:02 31MEH600 0159 

Spark Plugs

Spark Plug Inspection &

Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Clean any dirt from around the spark plug bases.

1

Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug wire when disconnecting the cap.

Using a spark plug wrench, remove the spark plugs.

Inspect the electrode and center porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or carbon fouling. If the corrosion or deposits are heavy, replace the plug.

Make sure that the 0.90 mm wire-type feeler gauge cannot be inserted between the spark plug gap ( ). If the gauge can be inserted into the gap, replace the plug with a new one.

2

(1) spark plug cap

150

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:30:10 31MEH600 0160 

6.

7.

Make sure the plug washer is in good condition.

With the plug washer attached, thread the spark plug in by hand to prevent cross-threading.

(2)

(2) spark plug gap

8.

Tighten each spark plug:

If the old plug is good:

1/8 turn after it seats.

Spark Plugs

If installing a new plug, tighten it twice to prevent loosening: a) First, tighten the plug:

NGK: 1/2 turn after it seats.

b) c)

Then loosen the plug.

Next, tighten the plug again:

1/8 turn after it seats.

An improperly tightened spark plug can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.

9.

Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.

Servicing Your Honda

151

08/11/24 14:30:17 31MEH600 0161 

Suspension

Your front and rear suspension systems use springs and hydraulic damping devices that suspend your weight and most of the weight of your motorcycle.

The spring pre-load for your rear suspension system adjusts the amount of force required to begin compression of the spring.

The oil damper systems hydraulically control the natural compression and rebound of the suspension springs so that traction and comfort are maintained as the wheels ride over road surfaces.

Consider adjusting your rear suspension pre-load whenever you change your normal load, when adding or subtracting a passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when the road or riding conditions change.

The way you ride your motorcycle and the type of ride you want to experience can also influence your suspension needs.

Lower spring pre-load provides a softer ride and is usually preferred for light loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load provides a firmer ride and is recommended for heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more challenging riding.

152

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:30:24 31MEH600 0162 

Rear Suspension Adjustment

The rear suspension can be adjusted for rider (and passenger) weight and riding conditions by changing the spring pre-load.

To adjust, use an appropriable pin spanner or see your Honda dealer.

Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or dispose of the damper; see your Honda dealer. The instructions found in this owner’s manual are limited to adjustments of the shock assembly only.

Suspension

Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

LEFT SIDE

(2)

(1)

7 6 5 4 3 2 1

(1) pin spanner

(2) shock absorber

Servicing Your Honda

153

08/11/24 14:30:30 31MEH600 0163 

Suspension

The spring pre-load adjuster has

7 positions for different load or riding conditions.

1 shock spring pre-load.

Position 1: for a light load and smooth road conditions.

Position 2: standard position.

Positions 3 to 7: for when the motorcycle is more heavily loaded. (Also increase spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)

Always adjust the shock absorber position in sequence (1-2-3-4-5-6-7 or 7-6-5-4-3-2-

1). Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to

7 or 7 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.

154

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:30:38 31MEH600 0164 

The hydraulic braking systems on your motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by the friction of the brake pads on the brake discs as the wheels are slowed.

As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the system will also cause the level to drop.

Frequently inspect the system to ensure there are no fluid leaks. Periodically inspect the brake fluid level and the brake pads for wear.

If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay does not feel within the normal range while riding, check the brake pads for wear (page 159 ). Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, there is probably

Brakes

air in the brake system. See your Honda dealer to have the air bled from the system.

Front Brake Lever Adjustment

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The distance between the tip of the brake lever and the grip may be adjusted.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(1) adjuster dial

(2) brake lever

(3) index mark

(4) numbers

Servicing Your Honda

155

08/11/24 14:30:45 31MEH600 0165 

Brakes

1.

2.

3.

2

1 the brake lever ( ) forward.

3

4 adjuster dial.

Apply the brake, release it, then spin the wheel and check that it rotates freely.

Repeat this procedure several times.

Brake Fluid Recommendation

brake fluid

Honda DOT 4 Brake

Fluid

The recommended brake fluid is Honda

DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of equal quality and performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a sealed container. Be sure to read the label before opening the sealed container. An opened container may be contaminated or may have absorbed moisture from the air.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:30:53 31MEH600 0166 

Fluid Level Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

If your inspection indicates a low fluid level, have your Honda dealer add the recommended brake fluid.

Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have your Honda dealer check the system as soon as possible.

Brake f luid can damage plastic and painted surf aces. Handle with care.

Brakes

Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes in contact with your eyes, wash them out with clean water and immediately call a doctor. If it comes in contact with your skin, wash with clean water and, if necessary, call a doctor.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(front brake)

(1)

(1) LOWER level mark

Servicing Your Honda

157

08/11/24 14:31:00 31MEH600 0167 

Brakes

RIGHT SIDE

(rear brake)

(2)

(2) UPPER level mark

(3) LOWER level mark

1.

Place your motorcycle in an upright position on a firm, level surface.

(3)

2.

Check the fluid level.

Front : It should be above the LOWER

1

Rear : It should be between the UPPER

2 3

If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brake pads for wear (page 159 ).

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, have your brake system inspected for leaks.

Other Inspections

Make sure there are no fluid leaks.

Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:31:08 31MEH600 0168 

Brakes

Front Brake

LEFT FRONT (Right side similar)

Brake Pad Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road conditions. Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the pads at each regular maintenance interval

(page 101 ).

Always inspect both pads in both the right and left brake calipers.

(1)

(1) cutouts pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.

Servicing Your Honda

159

08/11/24 14:31:13 31MEH600 0169 

Brakes

Rear Brake

LEFT REAR

1 pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.

(1) cutouts

160

Servicing Your Honda

(1)

08/11/24 14:31:18 31MEH600 0170 

Parking Brake

Stop the engine and push your motorcycle while fully pulling the parking brake lever brake.

If adjustment is necessary, have the brake adjusted by your Honda dealer for this service.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) parking brake lever

Brakes

Servicing Your Honda

161

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Tires

To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires must be the proper type and size, in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are carrying.

Using tires that are excessively worn or improperly inflated can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding tire inflation and maintenance.

The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check

162

Servicing Your Honda

your air pressure, how to inspect your tires for wear and damage, and our recommendations for tire repair and replacement.

Air Pressure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires make your motorcycle ride harshly, are more prone to damage from road hazards, and wear unevenly.

08/11/24 14:31:31 31MEH600 0172 

We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.

Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.

However, because leakage is often very slow, you should look closely for punctures whenever a tire is not fully inflated.

Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’, after the motorcycle has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your tires are

Tires

‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has only been ridden for a few miles –– the readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.

The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are: front rear

33 psi (225 kPa ,

2.25 kgf/cm )

36 psi (250 kPa ,

2.50 kgf/cm )

Servicing Your Honda

163

08/11/24 14:31:40 31MEH600 0173 

Tires

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:

Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a bump or bulge.

Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.

Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.

Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.

Excessive tread wear.

Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.

Tread Wear

(1)

(2)

(1) wear indicator

(2) wear indicator location mark

164

Servicing Your Honda

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For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the center reaches the following limits: front 0.06 in (1.5 mm) rear

0.08 in (2.0 mm)

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

Tire Service Life

The service life of your tires is dependent on many factors, including, but not limited to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle loading, tire pressure, maintenance history, speed, and environmental conditions (even when the tires are not in use).

In addition to your regular inspections and tire pressure maintenance, it is recommended that you have annual

Tires

inspections performed once the tires reach

5 years old. It is also recommended that all tires be removed from service after 10 years from the date of manufacture, regardless of their condition or state of wear.

The last four digits of the TIN (tire identification number) ( ) are found on the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the date of manufacture.

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

The tire identification number (TIN) is a group of numbers and letters that look like the following example. The TIN is located on the sidewall of the tire.

DOT

×××× ××××

(2) (3)

22 07

(4)

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

165

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Tires

DOT

This indicates that the tire meets all requirements of the U.S. Department of

Transportation.

(2)

×××× −

(3)

(4)

Factory code

×××× −

22 07

Tire type code

Date of manufacture

Year

Week

TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE

(1)

(1) tire identification number (TIN)

166

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:32:00 31MEH600 0176 

Tire Repair

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is repaired, either temporarily or permanently, will have lower speed and performance limits than a new or undamaged tire.

Tires

A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.

However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly, preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire replaced or permanently repaired as soon as possible.

(For more information on temporary repairs, see

If You Have a Flat Tire,

page 200 .)

Servicing Your Honda

167

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Tires

A permanent repair, such as an internal plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a small puncture in the tread area. With such a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph

(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph

(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. If you choose to have a tire repaired, be sure the repair work is performed by a professional and that the wheel is balanced before you ride.

If you have a tire professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Tire Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The tires that came on your motorcycle were designed to match the performance capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the best combination of handling, braking, durability, and comfort.

168

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:32:13 31MEH600 0178 

When replacing, use the original equipment tires or equivalent tires of the same size, construction, speed rating, and load range as the originals.

Installing improper tires on your motorcycle can affect handling and stability. This can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always use the size and type of tires recommended in this owner’s manual.

Tires

The recommended tires for your motorcycle are: front

130/70ZR17M/C (62W)

DUNLOP

ROADSMART CQ

BRIDGESTONE rear type

BT021F G

190/50ZR17M/C (73W)

DUNLOP

ROADSMART K

BRIDGESTONE

BT021R G radial-ply, tubeless

Servicing Your Honda

169

08/11/24 14:32:19 31MEH600 0179 

Tires

Whenever you replace a tire, remember:

Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.

Have the tire replaced by your Honda dealer if possible.

If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Important Safety Reminders

Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat build-up can cause the tube to burst.

Use only tubeless tires on this motorcycle. The rims are designed for tubeless tires, and during hard acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire could slip on the rim and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.

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Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) side stand spring

Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.

Side Stand

Check the side stand spring ( ) for damage or loss of tension.

1

Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:

1.

Sit astride the motorcycle; put the side stand up.

2.

Start the engine and press and hold the D (drive) side of N-D shift switch to switch the transmission into D

3.

mode.

Lower the side stand.

The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, see your Honda dealer for service.

Servicing Your Honda

171

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Battery

Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.

Electrical accessories use current from the battery, even when the ignition is OFF.

Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have electrical accessories on your motorcycle or do not ride frequently, we recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see

Battery

Charging,

page 176 ).

172

Servicing Your Honda

If you do not expect to ride your motorcycle for at least two weeks, we recommend you remove the battery, or at least disconnect the battery cables

(negative cable first).

If you plan to store your motorcycle, see

Battery Storage,

page 173 .

If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or other electrical problems), see your

Honda dealer.

WARNING:

compounds.

handling.

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead

Wash your hands after

08/11/24 14:32:42 31MEH600 0182 

Battery Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

If you plan to store your motorcycle, we recommend you remove the battery and store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.

If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery cables (negative cable first).

You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow (trickle) charging it every 30 days (see

Charging,

page 176 ).

Battery

Battery

Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows, as well as the information on the battery label.

The battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation.

A spark or flame can cause the battery to explode with enough force to kill or seriously hurt you.

Wear protective clothing and a face shield, or have a skilled mechanic do the battery maintenance.

Servicing Your Honda

173

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Battery

The battery is located in the battery box on the left side, below the rear seat.

Removal

1.

2.

Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.

Remove the rear seat (page 109 ).

3.

4.

Remove the left rear cowl (page

1 2

112

Remove the bolt ( ), collar ( ) and

3

).

5.

6.

Disconnect the negative ( ) terminal

4 disconnect the positive ( ) terminal

5

Pull the battery ( ) out of the battery box.

6

UNDER REAR SEAT

(5)

(4)

(6)

(2)

(1)

(1) bolt

(2) collar

(3) battery holder

(4) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(5) positive ( + ) terminal lead

(6) battery

(3)

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Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:32:59 31MEH600 0184 

7.

8.

9.

10.

Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding regularly.

Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight.

Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.

Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.

Battery

Installation

1.

Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.

2.

− terminal.

Check all bolts and other fasteners are secure.

Servicing Your Honda

175

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Battery

Battery Charging

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

(1)

We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger

1 left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery. However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time period recommended in the charger’s instructions.

Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can overheat a motorcycle battery and cause permanent damage.

(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger

Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.

176

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:33:14 31MEH600 0186 

Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.

Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your motorcycle. A clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect and service.

General Recommendations

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

To clean your motorcycle, you may use:

− water

− a mild, neutral detergent and water

− a mild spray and wipe cleaner/ polisher

− a mild spray and rinse cleaner/ degreaser and water

Appearance Care

Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and exhaust system time to cool off.

Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have time to wipe it off.

Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect surface finishes.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

177

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Appearance Care

We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and brake fluid).

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08/11/24 14:33:27 31MEH600 0188 

Washing Your Motorcycle with a

Mild Detergent

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

1.

2.

3.

Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool water to remove loose dirt.

Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish washing liquid or a product made especially for washing motorcycles or automobiles.

Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.

Appearance Care

4.

5.

6.

After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with plenty of clean water to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.

Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and scratches.

Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist areas.

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

179

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Appearance Care

7.

As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at a slow speed and apply the brakes several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking performance.

If the inside of the headlight lens appears clouded immediately after washing, it should clear after a few minutes of riding.

Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.

Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:

180

Servicing Your Honda

08/11/24 14:33:41 31MEH600 0190 

Motorcycle Condition

Dust and fingerprint smudges.

Light road grime.

Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake dust.

Dull, corroded chrome or aluminum.

Appearance Care

Recommended Cleaning

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.

Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.

Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.

If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Servicing Your Honda

181

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Appearance Care

Painted Aluminum Wheel

Maintenance

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Aluminum may corrode from contact with dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels after riding through any of these substances. Use a wet sponge and mild detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool, or cleaners containing abrasives or chemical compounds.

After washing, rinse with plenty of water and dry with a clean cloth.

If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up paint.

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Servicing Your Honda

Clean the Matte Painted Surface

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water, and a mild detergent to clean the matte paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.

Do not use polishing compounds or wax containing polishing compounds. These can damage or discolor the paint.

To keep your Honda looking new, clean and polish it frequently.

08/11/24 14:33:54 31MEH600 0192 

Appearance Care

Exhaust Pipe and Muffler

Maintenance

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

The exhaust pipe and muffler are stainless steel but may become stained by mud or dust.

To remove mud or dust, use a wet sponge and a liquid kitchen abrasive, then rinse well with clean water. Dry with chamois or a soft towel.

If necessary, remove heat stains by using a commercially available fine texture compound. Then rinse by the same manner as removing mud or dust.

Servicing Your Honda

183

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Appearance Care

Finishing Touches

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

After washing your motorcycle, consider using a commercially available spray cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.

If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.

Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color code (page paint.

228 ) when you buy touch-up

If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint are better than one thick coat.

184

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08/11/24 14:34:06 31MEH600 0194 

Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Tips

Storing Your Honda ...........................

Transporting Your Motorcycle ..........

.

.

You & the Environment .....................

.

186

190

191

Tips

185

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Storing Your Honda

If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it. That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your motorcycle running again.

For more information about storage, refer to the

Guide,

Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage

available from your Honda dealer

(USA only).

We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your motorcycle in top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can occur during storage.

Preparation for Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

This procedure requires a means for draining and disposing of drained fuel

(page

1.

191 ).

Change the engine oil and filter

2.

(page 130 ).

Make sure the cooling system is filled

3.

with a 50/50% antifreeze solution

(page 136 ).

Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.

186

Tips

08/11/24 14:34:21 31MEH600 0196 

4.

To prevent rusting in the cylinders, perform the following:

Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Using tape or string, secure the caps to any convenient plastic body part so that they are positioned away from the spark plugs.

Remove the spark plugs from the engine and store them in a safe place.

Do not connect the spark plugs to the spark plug caps.

Pour a tablespoon (15 20 cc) of clean engine oil into each cylinder and cover the spark plug holes with a piece of cloth.

Storing Your Honda

With the engine stop switch in the

RUN position, press the start button several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.

Reinstall the spark plugs and spark plug caps.

Tips

(cont’d)

187

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Storing Your Honda

5.

6.

7.

Remove the battery and charge it fully.

Store it in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery

(page 176 ) once a month.

Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all painted surfaces (except matte painted surfaces). Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.

Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page 162 ).

8.

9.

10.

Store your motorcycle in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.

Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift both tires off the floor.

Cover your motorcycle with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and moisture to accumulate.

188

Tips

08/11/24 14:34:34 31MEH600 0198 

Storing Your Honda

Removal from Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Uncover and clean your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than four months –– change the engine oil (page 130 ).

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than two months –– ask your

Honda dealer to drain and replace the fuel.

Charge the battery (page 176 required. Install the battery.

) as

Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 57 ), then test-ride your motorcycle at low speeds.

Tips

189

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Transporting Your Motorcycle

If your motorcycle needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do not tow your motorcycle, as towing can seriously damage the transmission.

When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and motorcycle tie-down straps.

190

Tips

08/11/24 14:34:43 31MEH600 0200 

Owning and riding a motorcycle can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect nature.

Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Choose Sensible Cleaners.

Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for proper disposal.

You & the Environment

Recycle Wastes.

It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash, down a drain, or on the ground.

Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.

Tips

191

08/11/24 14:34:45 31MEH600 0201 

192

Tips

08/11/24 14:34:54 31MEH600 0202 

This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your motorcycle transported.

For information about transporting your motorcycle, see page 190 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines .............................

If Your Engine Quits or

.

Won’t Start .........................................

If You Have a Flat Tire ......................

.

.

If Your Engine Overheats ..................

If the Low Oil Level/Pressure

.

Indicator Lights or Flashes

If a Fuse Blows

If You Crash

.................

...................................

.......................................

.

.

.

If You Lose Your Key .......................

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ......

.

.

194

195

200

212

214

216

221

222

223

Taking Care of the Unexpected

193

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is the best way to reduce the possibility of having a problem on the road.

Remember to take along your owner’s manual, the tool kit that came with your motorcycle, and any other items (such as tire repair supplies and additional tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.

Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:

Always put personal safety first.

Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.

If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon as possible.

Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your motorcycle is not in safe riding condition.

Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.

194

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational oversight.

If you have a problem starting the

− may help you. If you can’t correct the problem, see your Honda dealer.

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t hear the starter motor turning, refer to the

Starter motor doesn’t operate

symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start

symptom.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

195

08/11/24 14:35:16 31MEH600 0205 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor doesn’t operate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE ignition switch OFF engine stop switch OFF blown fuse Replace with a new fuse of the same rating

(page 216 ).

WHAT TO DO

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.

battery lead loose low (or dead) battery faulty starter motor

Tighten the battery lead.

Charge the battery (page 176 help, see your Honda dealer.

). If charging doesn’t

If all possible causes are negative, the starter motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.

196

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:35:25 31MEH600 0206 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO out of fuel flooded engine loose or unconnected spark plug caps

Fill the fuel tank.

See F looded Engine (page 67 ).

Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.

loose battery cables weak battery

Tighten the battery terminal bolts.

Charge the battery (page 176 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

197

08/11/24 14:35:38 31MEH600 0207 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but switching neutral to D mode cannot be done.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO

HFT failure Check the shift indicator. Refer to

F ailur e In HF T , page 52 .

If T her e Is a

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly.

POSSIBLE CAUSE idles roughly, too fast, stalls overheating

WHAT TO DO

See your Honda dealer.

Check the high coolant temperature indicator.

low oil pressure runs erratically, misfires blubbers (rich fuel mixture)

Refer to If Y our Engine Over heats, page 212 .

Check the low oil level/pressure indicator. Refer to

If the Low Oil Level/ Pr essur e Indicator Lights, page 214 .

May damage catalytic converter.

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

198

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:35:47 31MEH600 0208 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO sooty exhaust (rich fuel mixture)

See your Honda dealer.

detonates or pings under load afterfires (backfires)

If applicable, switch to the recommended octane gasoline (page 122 ) or change your brand of gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

May damage catalytic converter.

pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

See your Honda dealer.

May damage catalytic converter.

See your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

199

08/11/24 14:35:53 31MEH600 0209 

If You Have a Flat Tire

A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on a firm, level surface and use the side stand for support.) You should examine the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage. If you find a tire that has been punctured or damaged, you have two options.

Option 1:

Have Your Motorcycle Transported

If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have your motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer

200

Taking Care of the Unexpected

or other qualified service facility. Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least troublesome solution. For transporting instructions, see page 190 .

Option 2:

Make a Temporary Roadside Repair

If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and is not completely flat, you may be able to make an emergency repair that could allow you to continue riding to where you can get the tire replaced or permanently repaired.

08/11/24 14:35:58 31MEH600 0210 

Riding your motorcycle with a temporary tire repair can be risky.

If the temporary repair fails, you can crash and be seriously injured or killed.

If you must ride with a temporary tire repair, ride slowly and carefully and do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire is permanently repaired or replaced.

Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over

30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully

(preferably without a passenger or cargo) until the tire is replaced or permanently

If You Have a Flat Tire

repaired. Stop frequently and check the air pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your motorcycle (especially with a passenger and cargo), and it may overheat and blow out.

Types of Temporary Repairs

The following types of temporary repairs generally require a source of air to inflate the tire. Possible sources include CO

2 cartridges or cans of compressed air designed to inflate a tire.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

201

08/11/24 14:36:03 31MEH600 0211 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Inflate the tire:

Tubeless tires have some self-sealing ability if they are punctured and the result is usually just a slow leak. If this is the case, you can try inflating the tire to see if it will hold air pressure. If you can see a nail or other object embedded in the tire tread, do not remove it at this time.

Plug the hole:

The idea here is to do something to temporarily stop the leak.

If you have a tubeless tire repair kit, you can pull out the nail and try inserting an external plug in the puncture. Follow the instructions that came with the repair kit and be sure to inflate the tire to the correct pressure.

Should You Repair or Replace a

Tire?

We strongly recommend that you replace, not permanently repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full discussion of repairs and replacement, see page 167 .

202

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:36:10 31MEH600 0212 

Emergency Front Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

If You Have a Flat Tire

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(2)

(1) caliper fixing bolts

(2) brake caliper

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

203

08/11/24 14:36:18 31MEH600 0213 

If You Have a Flat Tire

2.

3.

Support the motorcycle securely and raise the front wheel off the ground using a safety stand or a hoist.

1 remove the right and left brake calipers

2

To avoid damage to the brake hose during removal, support the caliper assembly so that it doesn’t hang from the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.

Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any contamination can cause poor brake performance or rapid pad wear after reassembly.

4.

Loosen the right and left axle pinch

3

RIGHT FRONT

(4)

(3) axle pinch bolts

(4) front axle bolt

(3)

204

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:36:23 31MEH600 0214 

If You Have a Flat Tire

LEFT FRONT

5.

Remove the front axle shaft ( ), wheel and side collars.

5

Avoid pressing the brake lever when the wheel is off the motorcycle. This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service. See your Honda dealer for this service.

(3)

(3) axle pinch bolts

(5) front axle shaft

(5)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

205

08/11/24 14:36:32 31MEH600 0215 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Installation

1.

Install the side collars and position the wheel between the fork legs. Insert the front axle shaft from the left side,

2.

through the left fork leg and wheel hub.

1

LEFT FRONT

3.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left fork leg to the specified torque:

4.

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

Tighten the front axle bolt to the specified torque:

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

5.

6.

Install the right and left brake calipers onto the fork legs.

To avoid damaging the brake pads, carefully fit the brake disc ( ) between the pads.

3

Install the caliper fixing bolts and tighten to the specified torque:

22 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m) (2)

(1) end of axle shaft

(2) surface of fork leg

206

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(1)

08/11/24 14:36:39 31MEH600 0216 

7.

8.

9.

Operate the front brake and pump the fork several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

If the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake caliper body ( ) (not the brake pads) are symmetrical, follow next step.

If the clearances are not symmetrical, loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull the left fork outward or push inward to adjust the clearance. Then follow the next step.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right fork leg to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

If You Have a Flat Tire

Visually check that the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake caliper body (not the brake pads) are symmetrical.

(3)

(3) brake disc

(4)

(4) brake caliper body

Taking Care of the Unexpected

207

08/11/24 14:36:43 31MEH600 0217 

If You Have a Flat Tire

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

208

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:36:51 31MEH600 0218 

Emergency Rear Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 92 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

If You Have a Flat Tire

2.

To remove the muffler cover ( ), remove the muffler cover bolt ( ) and washer, and pull out the muffler cover from the prongs.

RIGHT REAR

(2)

(1)

(3)

(1) muffler cover bolt

(2) muffler cover

(3) rubber cap

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

209

08/11/24 14:36:59 31MEH600 0219 

If You Have a Flat Tire

3.

4

5

4.

6

7

LEFT REAR

(4)

5.

6.

7.

Support the motorcycle securely, raise the rear wheel off the ground.

9

8

Remove the rear wheel ( ) slowly.

(8)

(6) (5)

(7)

(4) muffler band bolts

(5) muffler bracket bolt

210

(6) nut

(7) muffler

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(9)

(8) rear wheel nuts

(9) rear wheel

(8)

08/11/24 14:37:10 31MEH600 0220 

Installation

1.

Position the rear wheel and install the rear wheel nuts.

Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any contamination can cause poor brake

2.

performance or rapid pad wear after reassembly.

Tighten the rear wheel nuts securely in the same crisscross pattern to the specified torque:

3.

4.

5.

80 lbf·ft (108 N·m , 11.0 kgf·m)

After installing the wheel, apply the brake several times and then check if the wheel rotates freely. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or if the wheel does not rotate freely.

Operate the brake pedal and check the brake operation.

Inspect the brake system (page 157 ).

If You Have a Flat Tire

6.

Reinstall the muffler and muffler cover.

Before installing the muffler, replace the muffler gasket with a new gasket.

If either of the rubber caps came away from the prongs when removing the muffler cover, re-attach them.

Tighten and torque the nuts and bolts to the specified torque:

Muffler bracket bolt:

15 lbf·ft (21 N·m , 2.1 kgf·m)

Muffler band bolt:

13 lbf·ft (17 N·m , 1.7 kgf·m)

Muffler cover bolt:

7 lbf·ft (9 N·m , 0.9 kgf·m)

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

211

08/11/24 14:37:15 31MEH600 0221 

If Your Engine Overheats

Normally, the temperature of the coolant in the cooling system will rise to a level about midway between cold and boiling.

Hot weather may cause the temperature to rise higher than normal. So will temporary stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the temperature may climb some, but the radiator fan is designed to prevent overheating. Be aware of these variations.

If the high coolant temperature indicator

(page 20 ) comes on for no apparent reason, pull safely to the side of the road.

If possible, park in a shady area.

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

A steaming engine indicates a coolant leak. Shut the engine off and wait until the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but don’t touch the engine or radiator system. Let everything cool off first.

If there’s no obvious problem, leave the engine on so the fan and coolant circulating system can continue working. Monitor the high coolant temperature indicator. The indicator may turn off after a brief stop with no load on the engine.

212

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:37:21 31MEH600 0222 

Check the radiator fan.

If the fan is not working, turn the engine off. Open the fuse box

(page 219 ) and check the radiator fan fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it with the proper (same rating) spare fuse.

Start the engine. If the high coolant temperature indicator comes on and stays on, turn the engine off.

If the radiator fan is working, visually check the coolant level in the reserve tank, located just behind the right side frame. It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator system.

If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t ride without adding coolant (page 137 ).

After adding coolant, turn the engine on and check the high coolant temperature indicator.

If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not

If Your Engine Overheats

ride. The engine needs repair. Transport your motorcycle to a Honda dealer

(page 190 ).

If the temperature drops to normal, check the coolant level. If it has gone down, add more coolant.

If you are able to resume riding, continue to monitor the high coolant temperature indicator frequently.

If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for awhile, carefully watching the high coolant temperature indicator. Be prepared to stop and add more coolant or water. If the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 190 ).

Taking Care of the Unexpected

213

08/11/24 14:37:29 31MEH600 0223 

If the Low Oil Level/Pressure Indicator Lights or Flashes

1 comes on while you’re riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the side of the road. Stop the engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.

The indicator has two lighting patterns.

Normally, it will only light momentarily when you turn the ignition switch ON.

Occasionally, it may flicker at or near idling speed.

If the indicator lights, it may be caused by a low oil pressure.

Moreover, if the shift indicator changes to

2 caused by a lower oil pressure. When this happens, the transmission automatically shifts to neutral (neutral indicator does not

214

Taking Care of the Unexpected

light).

If the indicator comes on, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible.

Continuing to ride with low oil pressure can cause serious engine and transmission damage.

(1)

(2)

(1) low oil level/pressure indicator

(2) ‘‘ − ’’ icon

08/11/24 14:37:35 31MEH600 0224 

If the Low Oil Level/Pressure Indicator Lights or Flashes

If the indicator flashes, it may be caused by a low oil level.

Check for an oil leak.

Then check the oil level. If necessary, add the recommended oil (page 125 ) to the upper level mark. If you must leave your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as much as possible.

After adding oil, start the engine, and check that the low oil level/pressure indicator goes off. Check for a possible leak.

Make sure that the motorcycle is standing upright on firm level ground when you turn ON the ignition switch.

If the motorcycle is on an incline, the indicator stays on after starting the engine.

If the indicator stays on even if the engine oil level is not low or after more engine oil is added, contact your Honda dealer as soon as possible.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

215

08/11/24 14:37:45 31MEH600 0225 

If a Fuse Blows

All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from damage caused by excess current flow (short circuit or overload).

If something electrical on your motorcycle stops working, the first thing you should check for is a blown fuse.

Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown fuses and check component operation.

The main fuse is located under the rear seat.

The HFT fuse is located under the rear seat.

The circuit fuse box (including spare fuses) is located under the front seat.

Recommended Fuses main fuse

HFT fuse other fuses

40A

10A

10A, 20A, 30A

1.

2.

To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checking or replacing the fuses.

Remove the rear seat (page 109 ).

216

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:37:52 31MEH600 0226 

UNDER REAR SEAT

(1) (2) (3)

If a Fuse Blows

Main Fuse Access:

3.

1 tab ( ), then remove the fuse box cover

3

2

4.

Pull the main fuse out.

4 fuse.

MAIN FUSE

(4)

(1) main fuse

(2) tab

(3) fuse box cover (4) blown fuse

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(cont’d)

217

08/11/24 14:38:00 31MEH600 0227 

If a Fuse Blows

UNDER REAR SEAT

(5)

HFT Fuse Access:

5.

5

6.

6

7 install the spare HFT fuse.

The spare fuse is located in the fuse box

(page 219 ).

HFT FUSE

(7)

(6)

(5) HFT fuse

(6) fuse box cover

(7) blown fuse

218

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:38:08 31MEH600 0228 

UNDER FRONT SEAT

(8)

(9)

If a Fuse Blows

Circuit Fuse Access:

7.

Remove the front seat (page 110 ).

8.

9

8 fuse box cover ( ).

9.

To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out. Look for a burned wire inside the fuse. If the fuse is blown

( 10 ), replace it with a spare fuses ( of the same rating.

11 )

If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.

(11)

(8) tabs

(9) fuse box cover

(11) spare fuses

Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.

(cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

219

08/11/24 14:38:15 31MEH600 0229 

If a Fuse Blows

CIRCUIT FUSE

(10)

(10) blown fuse

10.

11.

12.

Install the fuse box cover.

Install the front seat.

Install the rear seat.

If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.

If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any spare fuses that were installed.

If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is probably a serious electrical problem on your motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have your motorcycle checked by your Honda dealer.

220

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:38:20 31MEH600 0230 

Personal safety is your first priority after a crash. If you or anyone else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or vehicle is involved in the crash.

If you decide that you are capable of riding safely, first evaluate the condition of your motorcycle. If the engine is still running, turn it off and look it over carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and secure such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.

If You Crash

If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent, so you should have your motorcycle thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your Honda dealer check the frame and suspension after any serious crash.

If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see

Transporting Your Motorcycle,

page 190 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

221

08/11/24 14:38:26 31MEH600 0231 

If You Lose Your Key

You should receive a key number plate

( ) with your keys. Store this plate in a safe place.

Be sure to record your key number in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.

A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.

If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer where you purchased your Honda. They may have it listed in their records. If they don’t,

222

Taking Care of the Unexpected

transport your motorcycle to them or the nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key number so they can make a key for you.

(1) key number plate

(1)

08/11/24 14:38:30 31MEH600 0232 

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)

Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile battery.

The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car engine is running can damage your motorcycle’s electrical system.

Bump starting is also not recommended.

If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

223

08/11/24 14:38:33 31MEH600 0233 

224

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/11/24 14:38:39 31MEH600 0234 

This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus information on government requirements and how to break-in your motorcycle.

Technical Information

Vehicle Identification .........................

Specifications .....................................

.

.

Break-in Guidelines ...........................

Emission Control Systems .................

.

.

Catalytic Converter

Oxygenated Fuels

............................

...............................

.

.

226

229

236

237

244

245

Technical Information

225

08/11/24 14:38:44 31MEH600 0235 

Vehicle Identification

Serial Numbers

The VIN and engine serial number are required when you register your motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts. You may record these numbers in the Quick

Reference section at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicle identification number) is stamped on the right side of the steering head and also appears on the Safety

Certification Label attached to the left side of the frame.

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) VIN

226

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:38:50 31MEH600 0236 

RIGHT SIDE

Vehicle Identification

3 left side of the engine.

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(2)

(2) VIN (3) engine number

Technical Information

227

08/11/24 14:38:55 31MEH600 0237 

Vehicle Identification

Color Label & Code

frame under the rear seat. Remove the rear seat (page 109 ) to check the label.

The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

UNDER REAR SEAT

(1)

(1) color label

228

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:39:02 31MEH600 0238 

Dimensions

overall length overall width overall height wheelbase ground clearance

92.3 in (2,345 mm)

32.9 in (835 mm)

43.9 in (1,115 mm)

63.4 in (1,610 mm)

5.1 in (130 mm)

Specifications

Technical Information

229

08/11/24 14:39:14 31MEH600 0239 

Specifications

Fuel & Lubricants

fuel recommendation fuel tank capacity fuel tank reserve engine oil capacity engine oil recommendation final drive oil capacity cooling system, recommendation cooling system, capacity unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher

3.96 US gal (15.0 ) including reserve

0.79 US gal (3.0 ) after disassembly: after draining:

4.2 US qt (4.0 )

3.1 US qt (2.9 ) after draining & oil filter change: 3.5 US qt (3.3 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil after draining: 5.4 US oz (160 cm )

Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines

2.88 US qt (2.73 )

230

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:39:27 31MEH600 0240 

Specifications

Capacities

passenger capacity maximum weight capacity operator, one passenger

344 lbs (156 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Engine Specifications

displacement bore & stroke compression ratio spark plug

41.5 cu-in (680 cm )

3.19

× 2.60 in (81.0

× 66.0 mm)

10.0 : 1

SIMR8A9 (NGK)

(standard) spark plug gap valve clearance

(cold) idle speed

0.031

intake

− exhaust

1,200 ±

0.035 in (0.80

0.006 in (0.15 mm)

0.008 in (0.20 mm)

100 rpm

0.90 mm) no adjustment

Technical Information

231

08/11/24 14:39:34 31MEH600 0241 

Specifications

Power Transmission

primary reduction secondary reduction gear ratio, HFT final reduction final drive

1.136

1.400

3.000

∼ 1.000

2.833

shaft

232

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:39:45 31MEH600 0242 

Chassis & Suspension

caster trail tire size, front

28°30’

4.3 in (110 mm)

130/70ZR17M/C (62W)

DUNLOP ROADSMART CQ

BRIDGESTONE BT021F G tire size, rear tire type tire pressure, front

190/50ZR17M/C (73W)

DUNLOP ROADSMART K

BRIDGESTONE BT021R G radial-ply, tubeless

33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )

(cold) tire pressure, rear

(cold)

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )

Specifications

Technical Information

233

08/11/24 14:39:57 31MEH600 0243 

Specifications

Electrical

battery generator

Lights

headlight brake/tail light turn signal lights license light

Fuses

main

HFT other fuses

12V − 11.2 Ah

0.449 kW/5,000 rpm

12V − 55W

LED

(2 bulbs)

12V − 21/5W

12V − 21W

12V − 5W

(front)

(rear)

40A

10A

10A, 20A, 30A

234

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:40:07 31MEH600 0244 

Torque Specifications

engine oil drain bolt engine oil filter final drive oil drain bolt

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m) final drive oil filler cap front wheel axle bolt front wheel caliper

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

22 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m) fixing bolts front wheel axle pinch bolts

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m) rear wheel nuts step board mounting bolt

80 lbf·ft (108 N·m , 11.0 kgf·m)

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

Specifications

Technical Information

235

08/11/24 14:40:11 31MEH600 0245 

Break-in Guidelines

Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability and performance by paying extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).

During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.

236

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:40:16 31MEH600 0246 

Exhaust Emission Requirements

The U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC) require that your motorcycle comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

The Vehicle Emission Control

1 left side of the frame.

The Vehicle Emission Control

1 2 the right and left side of the frame

(Canada only).

Emission Control Systems

LEFT SIDE

(1)

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(1) vehicle emission control information label

(2) vehicle emission control information label (Canada only)

Technical Information

237

08/11/24 14:40:20 31MEH600 0247 

Emission Control Systems

Noise Emission Requirements

The EPA also requires that motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Warranty Compliance

Compliance with the terms of the

Distributor’s Warranties for Honda

Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the emissions system warranty in effect. (USA only)

Source of Exhaust Emissions

The combustion process produces carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems to reduce carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.

238

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:40:25 31MEH600 0248 

Exhaust Emission Control System

The exhaust emission control system includes a secondary air injection system,

PGM-FI system, a three-way catalytic converter, and heated oxygen sensor.

No adjustment to these systems should be made although periodic inspection of all components is recommended.

Emission Control Systems

PGM-FI System

The PGM-FI system uses sequential multiport fuel injection. It has four subsystems: Air Intake, Engine Control,

Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.

The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses various sensors to determine how much air is going into the engine. It then controls how much fuel to inject under all operating conditions.

Ignition Timing Control System

The system constantly adjusts the ignition timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO and NOx produced.

Technical Information

239

08/11/24 14:40:29 31MEH600 0249 

Emission Control Systems

Secondary Air Injection System

The secondary air injection system introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases in the exhaust port. The secondary air injection system helps improve emission control performance.

Three-Way Catalytic Converter

The three-way catalytic converter is in the exhaust system. Through chemical reactions, it converts HC, CO, and NOx in the engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide

(CO ), nitrogen (N), and water vapor.

Evaporative Emission Control System

(California only)

This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is adsorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge control solenoid valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the throttle body.

240

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:40:34 31MEH600 0250 

Crankcase Emission Control System

The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.

Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the intake manifold.

Emission Control Systems

Problems That May Affect Motorcycle

Exhaust Emissions

If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda motorcycle dealer.

Symptoms:

1.

Hard starting or stalling after starting

2.

3.

4.

5.

Rough idle

Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration

After-burning (backfiring)

Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

Technical Information

241

08/11/24 14:40:39 31MEH600 0251 

Emission Control Systems

Noise Emission Control System

TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:

U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the following

1 removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;

2 device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED

TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE

THE FOLLOWING ACTS:

1.

Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,

2.

3.

4.

baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust gases.

Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.

Lack of proper maintenance.

Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.

242

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:40:43 31MEH600 0252 

Emission Control Systems

Fuel Permeation Emission Control

System

This vehicle complies with the Fuel

Permeation Emission Control regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC). The fuel tank, fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses used on this vehicle incorporate fuel permeation control technologies.

Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses, or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or defeat the effectiveness of the fuel permeation technologies is prohibited by federal regulations.

Technical Information

243

08/11/24 14:40:47 31MEH600 0253 

Catalytic Converter

This motorcycle is equipped with a threeway catalytic converter.

The catalytic converter contains precious metals that serve as catalysts, promoting chemical reactions to convert the exhaust gasses without affecting the metals.

The catalytic converter acts on HC, CO, and NOx. A replacement unit must be an original Honda part or its equivalent.

The catalytic converter must operate at a high temperature for the chemical reactions to take place. It can set fire to any combustible materials that come near it. Park your motorcycle away from high grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.

A defective catalytic converter contributes to air pollution, and can impair your

244

Technical Information

engine’s performance. Follow these guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s catalytic converter.

Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline can contaminate the catalyst metals, making the catalytic converter ineffective.

Keep the engine in good running condition. A poorly running engine can cause the catalytic converter to overheat causing damage to the converter or the motorcycle.

If your engine is misfiring, backfiring, stalling, or otherwise not running properly, stop riding and turn off the engine. Have your motorcycle serviced as soon as possible.

08/11/24 14:40:53 31MEH600 0254 

Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.

If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/ provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

Oxygenated Fuels

The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

15% MTBE by volume.

Technical Information

245

08/11/24 14:40:58 31MEH600 0255 

Oxygenated Fuels

METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)

5% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.

If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or switch to another brand of gasoline.

Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.

Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.

Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not covered by warranty.

246

Technical Information

08/11/24 14:41:05 31MEH600 0256 

This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official Honda

Service Manual.

Consumer Information

Authorized Manuals

Warranty Coverage

...........................

............................

.

.

Warranty Service ................................

Contacting Honda ...............................

.

.

Your Honda Dealer ............................

The Honda Rider’s Club

.

(USA only)

Reporting Safety Defects

(USA only)

.........................................

.........................................

.

.

248

251

252

253

254

255

256

Consumer Information

247

08/11/24 14:41:17 31MEH600 0257 

Authorized Manuals

The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.

(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)

Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service

Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.

These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.

Publication Item No.

61MEH00

61CM002

2009 NSA700A Service Manual

Common Service Manual

Description

31MEH600 2009 NSA700A Owner’s Manual

Pr ices ar e subject to change without notice and without incur r ing obligation.

Price Each

$60.00

$48.00

$16.00

248

Consumer Information

08/11/24 14:41:26 31MEH600 0258 

Order On-Line: www.helminc.com

Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93

(1-888-292-5393)

(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday

Friday 8:00 AM

6:00 PM EST

OR

By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form (USA only).

Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.

Publication

Item No.

Item Description Qty.

Price

Each

Total

Price

Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for delivery.

Sub Total

Purchaser’s Sales Tax

Mich. add 6 %

Calif. add 7.25 %

Handling Charge

Grand Total

$3.75

Consumer Information

249

08/11/24 14:41:41 31MEH600 0259 

M

E

N

T

P

A

Y

S

H

I

P

T

O

NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.

Attention Customer Name

Street address/P. O. BOX

State

Apartment Number

Zip Code City

Daytime Telephone Number

( )

Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.

U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.

Account Number MasterCard

VISA

Security Code

Discover

Customer Signature

Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.

Expiration: Mo. Yr.

Date

These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.

HELM

P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207

250

Consumer Information

08/11/24 14:41:47 31MEH600 0260 

Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:

Motorcycle Limited Warranty

Emission Control System Warranty

Noise Control Warranty

There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these warranties.

Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with your Warranties

Booklet (USA only).

It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal wear or deterioration associated with using the motorcycle.

Warranty Coverage

Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenance are not covered.

Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda Protection

Plan (USA only). For more information, see your Honda dealer.

Consumer Information

251

08/11/24 14:41:53 31MEH600 0261 

Warranty Service

Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not included in your warranty coverage.

Additionally, your warranty does not apply to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).

If you believe you have a problem with your motorcycle, call the service department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection. If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty repairs for you.

If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to the Service Manager of your

Honda dealer.

Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation, we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service

Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of the dealership or their designated representative.

252

Consumer Information

08/11/24 14:42:00 31MEH600 0262 

Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be answered by your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right away, they will get it for you.

If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.

If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your dealer, please send your comments to the following address (USA only):

Contacting Honda

Motorcycle Division, American Honda

Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,

CA 90509-2200, Mailstop: 100-4C-7B,

Telephone: (866) 784-1870.

Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet that was supplied with your vehicle.

Please include the following information in your letter: name, address, and telephone number product model, year, and VIN date of purchase dealer name and address

We will likely ask your Honda dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your comments directly.

Consumer Information

253

08/11/24 14:42:06 31MEH600 0263 

Your Honda Dealer

Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your

Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.

The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.

The parts department offers Honda

Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products,

Honda Genuine Accessories (USA only), and Honda accessories and products

(Canada only). The same quality that went into your Honda can be found in Honda

Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the accessories

254

Consumer Information

and products available from the parts department.

The sales department offers the Honda

Protection Plan to extend almost all of your warranty coverage (USA only).

Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about safety training available in your local area and the Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA only).

We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your Honda.

08/11/24 14:42:09 31MEH600 0264 

The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)

You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s

Club of America (HRCA) membership with the purchase of your new Honda.

You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse website for details at

www.hrca.honda.

com.

Consumer Information

255

08/11/24 14:42:13 31MEH600 0265 

Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration

(NHTSA) in addition to notifying

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However,

NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,

Inc.

To contact NHTSA, you may call the

Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at

1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-

9153); go to

http://www.saf ercar.gov

; or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,

1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,

Washington, DC 20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from

http://www.saf ercar.gov.

256

Consumer Information

08/11/24 14:42:16 31MEH600 0266 

Consumer Information

257

08/11/24 14:42:33 31MEH600 0267 

Table of Contents

The following presents the contents of each section of your owner’s manual.

MOTORCYCLE SAFETY

Important Safety Information

Accessories & Modifications

................

.................

.

.

Safety Labels

.................

.

..........................................

.

1

2

5

7

INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ......

.

9

Operation Component Locations

Gauge, Indicators & Displays

...........

.

................

.

11

14

Fuel Gauge ..........................................

Speedometer .......................................

.

.

23

25

Odometer/Tripmeter A & B ...............

Changing the Speed and Mileage

Unit .....................................................

.

.

26

27

Digital Clock ......................................

.

28

Controls & Features

Ignition Switch

................................

...................................

.

.

33

33

Start Button .........................................

Engine Stop Switch

.

34

............................

.

34

N-D Shift Switch ................................

Mode Select Switch ............................

.

.

35

36

Headlight Dimmer Switch

Turn Signal Switch

Horn Button

.................

.

.............................

.

36

37

........................................

.

37

RESET Button

SEL Button

....................................

.

.........................................

.

37

38

Shift Switch ........................................

Parking Brake Lock ............................

.

.

38

39

Hazard Switch

HFT

....................................

(Human-Friendly Transmission) ........

.

41

.

42

258

Table of Contents

08/11/24 14:42:50 31MEH600 0268 

BEFORE RIDING ................................

.

53

Are You Ready to Ride?

........................

.

54

Protective Apparel

Rider Training

..............................

....................................

.

.

54

56

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Pre-ride Inspection

......

.............................

.

.

57

57

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading ...............................................

Load Limits

......................

........................................

.

.

.

60

60

61

Loading Guidelines ............................

.

61

Table of Contents

BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ......

.

63

Safe Riding Precautions .........................

.

64

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Preparation

.............

.

..........................................

.

65

65

Starting Procedure

Flooded Engine

..............................

.

..................................

.

66

67

Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off

System ................................................

How to Stop the Engine .....................

.

.

67

68

Riding .....................................................

Riding with HFT ................................

.

.

69

73

Braking ...................................................

Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ........

.

.

77

79

ABS Indicator

Parking

.....................................

....................................................

Theft-prevention Tips ........................

.

.

.

80

81

84

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ..........

.

86

Table of Contents

259

08/11/24 14:43:10 31MEH600 0269 

Table of Contents

SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............

.87

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance

Maintenance Safety

............

................................

.

.

90

91

Important Safety Precautions

Periodic Maintenance

.............

.

.............................

.

92

94

Maintenance Schedule

Maintenance Record

...........................

.

..........................

.

96

102

Service Preparations

..

Tool Kit ...............................................

Owner’s Manual Storage ...................

.

.

Seat Removal ......................................

Right Side Cover Removal

Rear Cowl Removal

................

...........................

.

.

.

Under Cowl Removal .........................

Front Cowl Removal ..........................

.

.

Clip Removal ......................................

.

104

107

108

109

111

112

116

118

120

260

Table of Contents

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel .....................................................

.

Engine Oil & Filter .............................

Coolant ................................................

.

.

Air Cleaner .........................................

Crankcase Breather ............................

Final Drive Oil ....................................

.

.

.

122

125

136

140

142

143

Engine

Throttle ...............................................

Spark Plugs .........................................

.

.

147

149

Chassis

Suspension ..........................................

.

Brakes

Tires

.................................................

....................................................

.

.

Side Stand ...........................................

.

152

155

162

171

08/11/24 14:43:22 31MEH600 0270 

Electrical

Battery ................................................

.

172

Appearance Care ................................

.

177

TIPS ...................................................

.

Storing Your Honda ...........................

Transporting Your Motorcycle

You & the Environment

..........

.

.....................

.

.

185

186

190

191

Table of Contents

TAKING CARE OF THE

UNEXPECTED ................................

.

General Guidelines .............................

.

.

If You Have a Flat Tire ......................

If Your Engine Overheats ..................

.

.

If the Low Oil Level/Pressure

Indicator Lights or Flashes .................

If a Fuse Blows ...................................

.

.

If You Crash .......................................

If You Lose Your Key .......................

.

.

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ......

.

214

216

221

222

223

193

194

195

200

212

Table of Contents

261

08/11/24 14:43:35 31MEH600 0271 

Table of Contents

Vehicle Identification .........................

.

Specifications .....................................

Break-in Guidelines ...........................

.

.

Emission Control Systems

Catalytic Converter

.................

............................

.

.

Oxygenated Fuels ...............................

.

225

226

229

236

237

244

245

CONSUMER INFORMATION .....

.

Authorized Manuals ...........................

.

Warranty Coverage ............................

Warranty Service ................................

.

.

Contacting Honda ...............................

Your Honda Dealer ............................

.

.

The Honda Rider’s Club

(USA only) .........................................

Reporting Safety Defects

.

(USA only) .........................................

.

247

248

251

252

253

254

255

256

TABLE OF CONTENTS ................

.

258

INDEX ...............................................

.

264

QUICK REFERENCE

262

Table of Contents

08/11/24 14:43:37 31MEH600 0272 

Table of Contents

263

08/11/24 14:43:41 31MEH600 0273 

Index

A

ABS indicator ........................................

. 80 accessories air cleaner

...............................................

............................................

. 5

. 140 air pressure, tires ..................................

American Honda, contacting ...............

anti-lock brake system (ABS)

. 162

. 253

...............

. 79 apparel, protective appearance care

.................................

...................................

. 54

. 177 authorized manuals ..............................

. 248

B

bank angle sensor battery brakes,

..................................

. 67

..................................................

. 172 fluid ..................................................

front lever adjustment pad wear

.....................

...........................................

. 156

. 155

. 159 braking ...................................................

break-in guidelines ..............................

. 77

. 236 button, horn ....................................................

. 37

RESET

SEL start

.................

. 15, 22, 26, 27, 28, 37

............................

. 15, 22, 26, 28, 38

.....................................................

. 34

264

Index

08/11/24 14:43:47 31MEH600 0274 

C

capacity, fuel .......................................

. 123 care, appearance ..................................

catalytic converter ...............................

. 177

. 244 cleaning, appearance care clip removal clock, digital

...................

.........................................

....................................

. 177

. 120

. 19, 28 color label ............................................

compartment,

. 228 owner’s manual tool kit

...............................

..............................................

. 108

. 107 consumer information controls & features coolant

.........................

. 247

................................

..................................................

. 33

. 136 crankcase breather customer service

...............................

..................................

. 142

. 253

Index

D

defects, safety ......................................

. 256 digital clock display,

.....................................

. 19, 28 check ..................................................

. 17 drive, final ............................................

. 143

E

emission control systems .....................

engine,

. 237 flooded low oil level/pressure number

...............................................

. 67

......................

. 214

.............................................

. 227 oil .....................................................

overheats ..........................................

. 125

. 212 pinging .............................................

. 122

(cont’d)

Index

265

08/11/24 14:43:53 31MEH600 0275 

Index

starting ...............................................

stop switch .........................................

. 65

. 35 stopping ..............................................

won’t start ........................................

. 68

. 195 environment .........................................

. 191

F

final drive .............................................

. 143 flat tire ..................................................

flooded engine

. 200

.......................................

. 67 front cowl removal front seat removal

..............................

................................

. 118

. 110 fuel, gauge ..................................................

oxygenated .......................................

. 21

. 245 recommendation tank capacity

..............................

....................................

. 122

. 123 fuses .....................................................

. 216

266

Index

G

gap, spark plug ............................

. 151, 231 gasohol gasoline

.................................................

. 245

................................................

. 122 gauge, indicators & displays .................

. 14

H

hazard switch .........................................

. 41 headlight dimmer switch helmet holder

.......................

.........................................

. 36

. 83

HFT (Human-Friendly Transmission) . 42 high beam indicator .........................

high coolant temperature

. 15, 20 indicator

Honda,

.............................

. 15, 16, 20, 212 contacting dealer

........................................

................................................

. 253

. 254

08/11/24 14:43:58 31MEH600 0276 

Rider’s Club .....................................

service manual .................................

. 255

. 248 horn button .............................................

. 37

I

identification, vehicle ignition cut-off system, bank angle

..........................

. 226

..........................................

. 67 side stand ...................................

ignition switch

. 65, 171

.......................................

. 33 indicators ................................................

inspection, pre-ride ................................

. 14

. 57

Index

K

key, lost kit, tool

................................................

. 222

.................................................

. 107

L

labels, safety ............................................

. 7 lamp check .............................................

. 16 limit, weight ...........................................

. 61 load limits ..............................................

. 61 loading guidelines ..................................

. 61 lock, steering low oil level/pressure indicator

..........................................

...................................

. 82

. 15, 21, 214

Index

267

08/11/24 14:44:03 31MEH600 0277 

Index

M

maintenance, component locations importance

........................

. 103

.........................................

. 90 periodic record safety

..............................................

. 94

...............................................

. 102

..................................................

. 91 schedule .............................................

manual, service ....................................

. 96

. 248 maximum weight limit mode select switch

..........................

.................................

. 61

. 36 modifications ...........................................

. 6

N

N-D shift switch ....................................

. 35 neutral indicator numbers, serial

...............................

. 15, 20

.....................................

. 226

268

Index

O

odometer ....................................

. 14, 18, 28 oil, engine ...............................................

. 125 final drive ........................................

low level/pressure operation component locations

. 143

...............

. 15, 21, 214

.............

. 11 overheat, engine ...................................

owner’s manual storage .......................

. 212

. 108 oxygenated fuels ..................................

. 245

08/11/24 14:44:08 31MEH600 0278 

P

parking ...................................................

. 81 parking brake indicator parking brake lock

...................

. 15, 22

.................................

. 39

PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp

(MIL) ...............................................

pinging, engine

. 15, 20

....................................

. 122 plugs, spark ..........................................

pre-load, suspension,

. 148 rear ...................................................

pre-ride inspection

. 153

.................................

. 57 problems, unexpected protective apparel

..........................

. 193

..................................

. 54

Index

R

rear cowl removal ................................

. 112 rear seat removal ..................................

removal,

. 109 clip ...................................................

front cowl front seat

. 120

........................................

. 118

..........................................

. 110 rear cowl rear seat

..........................................

............................................

. 112

. 109 right side cover under cowl

................................

.......................................

. 111

. 116 reporting safety defects rider training

...............

.......................

. 256

RESET button . 15, 22, 28, 29, 37

......................................

. 3, 56

Rider’s Club, Honda ............................

. 255

Index

(cont’d)

269

08/11/24 14:44:13 31MEH600 0279 

Index

riding, basic operation ...................................

. 63 clothing ..............................................

. 54 precautions .........................................

. 64 safety ....................................................

safety precautions ..............................

. 2

. 64 with HFT ............................................

with passenger or cargo right side cover removal

.....................

......................

. 73

. 86

. 111

S

safety, important precautions labels

........................

. 92

....................................................

. 7 reporting defects ..............................

riding precautions

. 256

..............................

schedule, maintenance ...........................

. 64

. 96 seat removal, front .................................................

. 110 rear ...................................................

SEL button ...........................

. 109

. 15, 22, 28, 38 sensor, bank angle serial numbers service,

.................................

......................................

. 67

. 226 customer ...........................................

manuals ............................................

. 253

. 248 warranty ...........................................

. 252

270

Index

08/11/24 14:44:16 31MEH600 0280  shift switch .............................................

side cover removal, right .....................

. 38

. 111 side stand .............................................

.

. 171 spark knock spark plugs

..........................................

...........................................

. 122

. 149 specifications speedometer stand, side

.......................................

. 229

...............................

. 14, 18, 27

............................................

. 171 start button starting,

.............................................

. 34 engine .................................................

troubleshooting ................................

. 65

. 195 steering lock ...........................................

stop switch, engine stopping engine

................................

......................................

. 82

. 35

. 68 storage, motorcycle .......................................

owner’s manual ...............................

. 186

. 108

Index

suspension, rear suspension adjustment .............

. 153 rear suspension spring pre-load .......

. 153 switch, engine stop hazard

.........................................

.................................................

. 35

. 41 headlight dimmer ignition mode select

...............................

...............................................

........................................

. 36

. 33

. 36

N-D shift shift

............................................

....................................................

. 35

. 38 turn signal ..........................................

. 37

Index

271

08/11/24 14:44:22 31MEH600 0281 

Index

T

tachometer .......................................

. 14, 18 theft-prevention tips throttle

..............................

..................................................

. 84

. 147 tire identification no.(TIN) tires,

.........

. 165, 166 air pressure .......................................

. 162 flat ....................................................

replacing ..........................................

. 200

. 168 tool kit ..................................................

training, rider .....................................

. 107

. 3, 56 transporting your motorcycle tripmeter .....................................

trouble, unexpected

..............

. 190

. 14, 18, 28

.............................

. 193 troubleshooting, starting turn signal indicators

......................

.......................

. 195

. 14, 19 turn signal switch ...................................

. 37

272

Index

U

under cowl removal .............................

. 116

V

W

warranty, coverage ...........................................

. 251 extended service

...........................................

..............................................

washing your motorcycle ....................

. 251

. 252

. 179 weight limit wheels,

............................................

. 61 front removal rear removal

...................................

.....................................

. 203

. 209

08/11/24 14:44:36 31MEH600 0285 

Quick Reference

The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.

How to Avoid Costly Repairs

The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair. Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters, prevents premature wear and damage.

Frequent causes of costly repairs are:

Engine oil –– insufficient quantity, improper oil.

Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).

Record important information on the following page:

Quick Reference

08/11/24 14:44:39 31MEH600 0286 

VIN

Engine No.

Ignition Key No.

Color Label

Owner’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Dealer’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Service Mgr.

Quick Reference

Quick Reference

08/11/24 14:44:48 31MEH600 0287 

Quick Reference

Scheduled

Maintenance

Pre-ride

Inspection

Periodic

Checks

Fuel/Capacity

Engine Oil

Maximum

Weight

Capacity

Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)

Regular: every 8,000 miles (12,800 km)

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 57 ): tires & wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.

Check the following items monthly (page 95 ): tires & wheels, fluids, lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.

unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher

3.96 US gal (15.0 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label,

SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent

344 lbs (156 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Quick Reference

08/11/24 14:45:00 31MEH600 0288 

Tires

Tire Pressure

(cold)

Spark Plugs

Coolant

Fuses

Final Drive Oil

Quick Reference

Front:

130/70ZR17M/C (62W)

DUNLOP ROADSMART CQ

BRIDGESTONE BT021F G or

Rear:

190/50ZR17M/C (73W)

DUNLOP ROADSMART K or

BRIDGESTONE BT021R G

Type:

Front:

Rear: radial-ply, tubeless

33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) standard:

SIMR8A9 (NGK) ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50 solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water main :

40A

HFT : other:

10A

10A, 20A, 30A

Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80

Quick Reference

08/11/24 14:45:09 31MEH600 0289 

Quick Reference

These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:

SYMBOL COMPONENT

START button

RUN

− engine stop switch

OFF

− engine stop switch

HI

− headlight dimmer switch

LO

− headlight dimmer switch turn signal switch horn button hazard switch

SEE PAGE

34

34

34

36

36

37

37

41

Quick Reference

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