OECD Standardised Unemployment Rate remained at 6

OECD Standardised Unemployment Rate remained at 6
Paris, 14 June 2017
OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates
News Release: April 2017
OECD unemployment rate stable at 5.9% in April 2017
The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 5.9% in April 2017. Across the OECD area, 36.9
million people were unemployed, 4.2 million more than before the crisis in April 2008.
In the euro area, the unemployment rate fell by 0.1 percentage point, to 9.3% in April, with the
largest falls observed in Italy (down 0.4 percentage point, to 11.1%) and Spain (down 0.3 percentage point,
to 17.8%).
The April unemployment rate also decreased in Canada (by 0.2 percentage point, to 6.5%) and the
United States (by 0.1 percentage point, to 4.4%), while it was stable in Japan (at 2.8%) and increased in
Mexico (by 0.1 percentage point, to 3.6%) and Korea (by 0.3 percentage point, to 4.0%). More recent data
show that in May the unemployment rate declined further in the United States (by 0.1 percentage point, to
4.3%) while it increased in Canada (by 0.1 percentage point, to 6.6%).
Youth unemployment affecting people aged 15 to 24, rose slightly, by 0.1 percentage point, to
12.1% in April. In the euro area, the youth unemployment rate fell by 0.3 percentage point, to 18.7%,
contributing to a cumulative decline of almost two percentage points over the previous five months.
However, almost one youth in two remains unemployed in Greece (46.6% in March, the latest month
available), and more than one in three in Spain (39.3%) and Italy (34.0%).
OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates, s.a.
Youth
All persons
OECD Total
Euro area
United States
Japan
13
65
12
60
OECD Total
Euro area
France
Greece
Italy
Spain
55
11
50
10
45
9
40
8
35
7
30
6
25
5
20
4
15
3
10
2
5
Methodological Notes: http://www.oecd.org/std/labourstatistics/44743407.pdf
All rates and levels quoted are seasonally adjusted (s.a.).
New Labour Market Statistics: http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?queryid=36324
Country Note: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli
authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem
and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
Contacts: For further information readers are invited to contact the OECD's Media Relations Division on
(33) 1 45 24 97 00 or e-mail [email protected]
For technical questions contact [email protected]
Next release: Tuesday, 11 July 2017
1
Paris, 14 June 2017
OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates
News Release: April 2017
Table 1: OECD Unemployment Rates, s.a.
Percentage of active population
2014
2015
2016
OECD - Total
Major Seven
European Union
Euro area
7.4
6.4
10.2
11.6
6.8
5.8
9.4
10.9
6.3
5.5
8.6
10.0
Q2
6.4
5.5
8.7
10.2
Australia
Austria
Belgium
(1)
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
(2)
Turkey
United Kingdom
(3)
United States
6.1
5.6
8.5
6.9
6.4
6.1
6.5
7.4
8.7
10.3
5.0
26.6
7.7
5.0
11.3
5.9
12.7
3.6
3.5
10.9
6.1
4.8
7.4
5.4
3.5
9.0
14.1
13.2
9.7
24.5
7.9
4.5
10.0
6.1
6.2
6.1
5.7
8.5
6.9
6.2
5.1
6.2
6.2
9.4
10.4
4.6
25.0
6.8
4.0
9.5
5.2
11.9
3.4
3.6
9.9
6.5
4.4
6.9
5.4
4.4
7.5
12.7
11.5
9.0
22.1
7.4
4.5
10.3
5.3
5.3
5.7
6.0
7.9
7.0
6.5
4.0
6.2
6.8
8.8
10.1
4.1
23.6
5.1
3.0
7.9
4.8
11.7
3.1
3.7
9.6
6.3
3.9
6.0
5.1
4.7
6.2
11.2
9.7
8.0
19.7
7.0
4.6
10.9
4.8
4.9
5.7
6.1
8.3
6.9
6.6
4.0
6.2
6.7
8.9
10.1
4.2
23.5
5.2
3.0
8.4
4.8
11.7
3.2
3.7
9.6
6.3
3.9
6.3
5.0
4.7
6.4
11.3
9.9
8.1
20.2
6.8
4.3
10.4
4.9
4.9
2016
Q3
6.3
5.4
8.5
9.9
Q4
6.2
5.3
8.2
9.7
5.7
6.1
7.8
7.0
6.5
4.0
6.4
7.3
8.7
10.0
4.1
23.3
4.9
3.0
7.8
4.7
11.6
3.0
3.8
9.8
6.2
3.8
5.8
4.9
4.9
6.1
10.9
9.5
7.8
19.3
7.0
4.8
11.4
4.7
4.9
5.7
5.8
7.2
6.9
6.5
3.6
6.3
6.6
8.8
10.0
3.9
23.4
4.5
2.8
7.0
4.4
11.8
3.1
3.6
9.4
6.2
3.7
5.5
5.2
4.6
5.6
10.4
9.0
7.9
18.6
6.9
4.3
11.8
4.7
4.7
2017
Q1
6.0
5.2
7.9
9.4
2016
Nov Dec
6.2
6.2
5.3
5.3
8.2
8.1
9.7
9.6
Jan
6.1
5.3
8.0
9.5
2017
Feb Mar
6.0
5.9
5.2
5.1
7.9
7.9
9.4
9.4
5.8
5.7
7.0
6.7
6.7
3.3
6.0
5.6
8.8
9.6
3.9
22.9
4.3
2.6
6.8
4.3
11.6
2.9
3.8
8.9
6.0
3.5
5.2
4.9
4.3
5.0
9.9
8.6
7.8
18.2
6.7
5.7
5.7
7.2
6.8
6.5
3.7
6.3
6.5
8.8
10.0
3.9
23.4
4.5
2.8
7.0
4.5
11.9
3.1
3.6
9.4
6.1
3.6
5.6
5.8
5.7
7.0
6.9
6.6
3.5
6.1
6.2
8.8
9.9
3.9
23.5
4.3
2.7
6.9
4.3
11.8
3.1
3.5
9.4
6.2
3.8
5.4
5.7
5.7
7.0
6.8
6.7
3.4
6.1
5.8
8.8
9.7
3.9
23.2
4.3
2.7
6.9
4.3
11.8
3.0
3.6
9.3
6.1
3.5
5.3
5.9
5.8
7.0
6.6
6.7
3.3
6.1
5.5
8.8
9.6
3.9
22.9
4.3
2.6
6.8
4.3
11.5
2.8
4.0
8.9
6.0
3.4
5.3
5.9
5.7
6.9
6.7
6.7
3.2
5.9
5.4
8.9
9.5
3.9
22.5
4.3
2.5
6.6
4.3
11.5
2.8
3.7
8.5
6.0
3.5
5.1
2.4
6.4
4.4
11.1
2.8
4.0
8.3
5.9
3.6
5.1
4.7
5.6
10.5
9.0
8.0
18.7
6.8
4.4
5.4
10.1
8.9
7.9
18.4
6.9
4.2
5.2
10.1
8.7
7.9
18.3
6.8
4.3
5.0
9.9
8.6
7.8
18.2
6.8
4.5
4.9
9.8
8.4
7.6
18.1
6.4
4.8
9.8
8.3
7.5
17.8
6.7
11.8
4.7
4.6
11.8
4.6
4.7
11.8
4.5
4.8
11.7
4.4
4.7
4.5
4.4
4.7
Apr
5.9
5.0
7.8
9.3
5.7
5.5
6.8
6.5
3.2
5.7
9.0
9.5
3.9
Notes:
(1) Canada: Unemployment rate for May 2017 was 6.6 %.
(2) Following the changes introduced in the Labour Force Survey for Turkey, data from January 2014 onwards are not comparable with previous
data.
(3) United States: Unemployment rate for May 2017 was 4.3 %.
2
Paris, 14 June 2017
OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates
News Release: April 2017
Table 2: Unemployment Rates by Gender, s.a.
Percentage of corresponding active population
2016
OECD - Total
Major Seven
European Union
Euro area
6.4
5.3
8.8
10.4
2016
Q4
6.3
5.2
8.4
10.0
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
(1)
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
5.8
5.6
7.6
6.2
7.0
4.7
6.7
6.1
8.6
9.8
3.7
28.1
5.2
3.1
6.5
4.9
12.8
2.8
3.6
8.4
6.7
4.0
6.5
5.5
4.0
6.2
11.2
10.7
8.6
21.4
6.6
4.9
13.7
4.7
4.8
5.8
5.3
6.6
6.2
7.0
4.2
6.7
6.1
8.6
9.8
3.4
27.9
4.6
2.8
6.2
4.5
13.0
2.7
3.7
7.9
6.5
3.7
6.1
5.7
4.0
5.7
10.5
9.7
8.2
20.3
6.5
4.6
15.2
4.5
4.6
Women
2017
Q1
Feb
6.2
6.2
5.1
5.1
8.2
8.2
9.8
9.8
6.0
5.1
6.4
6.1
7.2
4.2
6.1
5.4
8.6
9.8
3.4
27.1
4.5
2.5
6.0
4.3
12.9
2.7
3.8
7.7
6.3
3.7
5.7
5.7
3.9
5.2
10.2
9.2
7.8
20.0
6.3
4.6
2017
Mar
6.1
5.0
8.2
9.8
6.0
5.1
6.4
6.0
7.2
4.2
6.1
5.4
8.6
9.8
3.4
27.1
4.5
2.5
6.0
4.3
12.7
2.7
4.0
7.7
6.3
3.5
5.7
6.0
5.0
6.5
6.2
7.2
4.3
5.9
5.1
8.6
9.8
3.4
26.7
4.5
2.4
5.9
4.3
12.7
2.7
3.7
7.6
6.3
3.8
5.5
3.9
5.1
10.2
9.2
7.8
20.0
6.3
4.1
5.1
10.1
9.1
7.7
20.0
6.1
15.1
4.2
4.6
4.3
2016
Apr
6.1
5.0
8.1
9.7
6.0
4.9
6.5
5.8
4.3
5.6
8.6
9.8
3.5
2.4
5.5
4.3
12.4
2.6
3.7
7.6
6.3
3.9
5.6
5.0
10.3
8.9
7.7
19.7
6.2
4.4
6.2
5.6
8.4
9.7
2016
Q4
6.1
5.5
8.1
9.4
5.7
6.5
8.1
7.7
6.1
3.4
5.8
7.4
9.0
10.3
4.4
19.9
5.1
2.9
9.1
4.7
10.9
3.3
3.8
10.9
6.0
3.8
5.6
4.8
5.4
6.1
11.1
8.8
7.5
18.1
7.3
4.4
9.6
5.0
4.9
5.7
6.2
7.6
7.4
6.2
3.2
5.9
7.0
8.9
10.1
4.4
19.7
4.5
2.8
7.8
4.3
10.9
3.3
3.5
11.0
5.9
3.6
5.0
4.8
5.1
5.6
10.4
8.4
7.7
17.3
7.2
4.1
10.2
4.8
4.9
Men
2017
Q1
Feb
5.9
5.9
5.3
5.3
7.7
7.7
9.1
9.1
5.7
6.3
7.4
7.2
6.3
2.5
5.9
5.6
9.1
9.4
4.3
19.4
4.1
2.7
7.4
4.2
10.7
3.0
3.8
10.1
5.7
3.3
4.8
4.2
4.7
5.0
9.6
8.0
7.7
16.7
7.0
4.7
2017
Mar
5.8
5.2
7.7
9.0
Apr
5.7
5.0
7.5
8.9
5.8
6.3
7.5
7.1
6.3
2.5
6.1
5.5
9.1
9.4
4.3
19.4
4.1
2.7
7.4
4.3
10.6
3.0
4.0
10.1
5.7
3.4
4.9
5.7
6.3
7.3
7.2
6.3
2.3
5.9
5.7
9.2
9.2
4.3
19.1
4.1
2.6
7.3
4.2
10.7
2.8
3.7
9.5
5.7
3.3
4.8
5.4
6.1
7.1
7.0
2.5
7.2
4.4
10.2
2.9
4.2
8.9
5.6
3.3
4.6
4.7
4.9
9.6
8.0
7.7
16.7
7.3
4.8
4.8
9.5
7.8
7.5
16.5
6.6
4.7
9.3
7.7
7.3
16.2
7.2
10.1
4.6
4.8
4.6
4.4
2.3
5.7
9.2
9.2
4.3
Note:
(1) Following the changes introduced in the Labour Force Survey for Turkey, data from January 2014 onwards are not comparable with
previous data. From this date, data by gender are OECD estimates.
3
Paris, 14 June 2017
OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates
News Release: April 2017
Table 3: Unemployment Rates by Age, s.a.
Percentage of corresponding active population
2016
OECD - Total
Major Seven
European Union
Euro area
13.0
11.8
18.7
20.9
2016
Q4
12.7
11.5
18.0
20.3
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
(1)
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
12.7
11.2
20.1
13.1
15.7
10.5
12.0
13.5
20.0
24.6
7.0
47.4
12.9
6.5
17.2
8.6
37.8
5.2
10.7
17.2
19.2
7.7
10.8
13.2
10.9
17.7
28.2
22.2
15.3
44.5
18.8
8.4
19.6
13.0
10.4
13.2
10.5
19.0
12.8
15.0
10.4
12.7
12.7
20.2
23.5
6.8
45.8
11.7
6.4
16.0
7.9
38.6
4.8
9.9
17.0
19.0
7.3
10.3
13.7
10.6
15.9
26.8
20.4
14.5
42.8
18.4
7.5
21.3
12.4
10.2
Youth (15-24)
2017
2017
Q1
Feb Mar
12.2 12.3 12.0
10.9 11.0 10.6
17.1 17.1 16.9
19.3 19.3 19.0
12.9
10.4
18.0
12.8
16.1
8.9
11.9
13.8
20.2
22.5
6.8
47.1
10.6
6.3
13.7
6.7
35.3
4.4
10.1
17.4
18.6
6.8
9.7
12.4
10.2
14.3
24.2
19.0
13.7
40.8
17.8
9.7
13.1
10.5
18.0
12.4
16.1
9.1
12.0
14.3
20.2
22.4
6.8
47.1
10.4
6.4
13.7
6.8
34.8
4.3
10.9
17.6
18.7
6.5
9.7
13.2
10.3
18.0
12.8
16.1
9.1
11.5
14.7
20.2
22.2
6.8
46.6
10.4
6.2
12.9
6.7
34.0
4.4
10.6
16.0
18.5
6.9
9.6
10.1
14.2
24.3
19.0
13.7
40.8
18.3
10.8
14.1
22.9
18.6
13.7
40.4
17.1
22.1
11.9
9.9
9.1
Apr
12.1
10.6
16.7
18.7
12.8
10.5
11.7
9.1
11.1
20.2
21.7
6.8
6.1
12.0
7.1
34.0
5.0
11.2
14.4
18.5
7.1
9.5
13.9
23.7
18.2
39.3
16.8
9.4
Prime-age and Older Workers (25+)
2016 2016 2017
2017
Q4
Q1
Feb Mar
Apr
5.5
5.3
5.2
5.2
5.1
5.1
4.6
4.6
4.5
4.5
4.4
4.3
7.5
7.2
7.0
7.0
7.0
6.9
9.0
8.7
8.5
8.5
8.5
8.4
4.3
5.3
6.9
6.0
5.3
3.5
5.1
6.2
7.3
8.6
3.8
22.2
4.5
2.3
7.0
4.1
10.0
2.9
3.2
9.0
5.2
3.1
5.1
3.6
3.8
5.2
9.9
8.6
7.5
17.9
5.3
4.1
9.2
3.6
4.0
4.2
5.1
6.2
5.9
5.5
3.2
5.1
6.0
7.2
8.6
3.6
22.0
4.0
2.1
6.2
4.0
10.0
2.9
3.2
8.9
5.1
2.9
4.6
3.6
3.7
4.8
9.1
8.0
7.5
17.0
5.3
3.9
9.9
3.5
3.9
4.4
5.1
6.1
5.7
5.5
2.9
4.9
4.7
7.3
8.3
3.6
21.4
3.8
1.8
6.1
3.7
4.4
5.1
6.1
5.6
5.5
2.9
5.0
4.6
7.3
8.3
3.6
21.4
3.8
1.8
6.1
3.7
4.4
5.1
6.1
5.7
5.6
2.8
4.8
4.5
7.4
8.2
3.6
21.1
3.8
1.8
6.0
3.6
4.3
4.8
6.0
5.6
2.7
3.3
8.3
5.0
2.8
4.4
3.5
3.5
4.2
8.8
7.7
7.3
16.7
5.2
2.7
3.5
8.3
5.0
2.8
4.5
2.6
3.2
8.0
5.0
2.7
4.3
2.6
3.4
7.8
4.9
2.8
4.2
3.5
4.2
8.8
7.7
7.4
16.7
5.2
3.5
4.1
8.8
7.6
7.1
16.6
5.0
4.1
8.7
7.4
7.1
16.4
5.3
3.9
9.7
3.3
3.9
3.8
3.6
2.8
4.7
7.4
8.3
3.6
1.7
5.9
3.6
Note:
(1) Following the changes introduced in the Labour Force Survey for Turkey, data from January 2014 onwards are not comparable with
previous data.
4
Paris, 14 June 2017
OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates
News Release: April 2017
Table 4: Unemployment Levels, s.a.
Thousands of persons
2015
2016
OECD - Total
Major Seven
European Union
Euro area
41,596
21,630
22,879
17,451
39,299
20,540
20,908
16,227
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
(1)
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
759
252
422
1,331
532
268
181
42
252
3,054
1,950
1,197
308
8
204
202
3,033
2,219
976
98
18
2,306
614
134
121
1,304
648
314
90
5,056
387
219
3,054
1,747
8,296
725
270
390
1,361
563
212
187
47
237
2,970
1,771
1,131
234
6
173
188
3,009
2,080
1,012
95
18
2,085
539
133
132
1,063
572
266
80
4,481
366
227
3,330
1,598
7,751
2016
Q3
Q4
39,319 38,551
20,523 20,188
20,698 20,162
16,082 15,746
720
276
387
1,357
570
213
193
51
235
2,940
1,774
1,122
227
6
172
186
2,993
2,043
1,035
97
17
2,042
524
129
136
1,051
557
262
77
4,419
367
237
3,489
1,579
7,835
725
258
360
1,344
571
195
190
46
236
2,935
1,709
1,117
208
6
155
175
3,052
2,037
989
93
17
1,974
494
138
128
968
534
248
80
4,238
365
214
3,643
1,552
7,559
2017
Q1
37,656
19,668
19,533
15,373
741
257
352
1,308
583
177
179
39
239
2,827
1,686
1,087
198
5
149
169
3,005
1,907
1,037
88
17
1,887
472
132
120
872
510
237
78
4,134
356
7,455
Jan
38,080
20,035
19,731
15,514
2017
Feb
Mar
37,719 37,173
19,662 19,307
19,495 19,374
15,331 15,273
Apr
36,870
19,015
19,121
15,040
725
255
353
1,324
582
181
181
40
237
2,859
1,685
1,104
199
5
151
170
3,062
1,980
982
92
17
1,911
480
747
259
353
1,286
583
176
181
38
239
2,820
1,686
1,088
197
5
150
169
2,966
1,900
1,108
87
17
1,868
473
751
257
349
1,314
587
173
175
38
241
2,802
1,687
1,068
199
5
146
169
2,986
1,840
1,023
84
17
1,883
463
732
249
345
1,265
117
900
518
241
80
4,156
363
120
869
508
237
78
4,137
364
124
847
504
233
76
4,108
341
832
504
230
76
4,032
360
3,659
1,490
7,635
3,660
1,476
7,528
7,202
7,056
172
168
242
2,793
1,685
5
141
173
2,880
1,860
1,098
80
17
1,921
456
Note:
(1) Following the changes introduced in the Labour Force Survey for Turkey, data from January 2014 onwards are not comparable with
previous data.
5
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