RF5745 - Mouser Electronics

RF5745 - Mouser Electronics
RF5745
2.4GHz TO 2.5GHz, 802.11b/g/n
SINGLE-BAND FRONT END MODULE
Features







3
VREG
4
C RX
C TX
BT
12 C BT
SP3T
11 ANT
2F0 Filter
24dBm Output Power for
Zigbee® Applications
20dBm Output Power for 11b
Meeting Spectral Mask
17dBm Output Power for 11g,
54Mbps OFDM at <3% EVM
10 GND
9
5
6
7
8
VCC
Functional Block Diagram
Product Description
Applications

TX IN
13
N/C

2
14
VCC

RX OUT
15
VCC

Single Module Radio FrontEnd
Single Supply Voltage 3.0V to
4.5V
Integrated 2.4GHz to 2.5GHz
PA, LNA, TX/RX Switch,
PDETECT
1
16
PDETECT

LNA VCC
LNA EN
Package Style: QFN, 16-pin, 3.0 x 3.0 x 0.5 mm
ZigBee® Based Systems for
Remote Monitoring and
Control
Smart Meters for Energy
Management
802.11b/g WiFi
Applications
2.5GHz ISM Band
Applications
Portable Battery-Powered
Equipment
Opt. BluetoothTM Sharing of
Single Antenna Port
The RF5745 is a single-chip integrated front-end module (FEM) for highperformance ZigBee® and other WiFi applications in the 2.4GHz to
2.5GHz ISM band. The FEM addresses the need for aggressive size reduction for a typical IEEE802.15.4 and IEEE802.11b/g systems.
The RF5745 greatly reduces the number of external components by integrating all matching networks. The FEM has an integrated power amplifier,
LNA, power detector, and some TX filtering. It is also capable of switching
between WiFi RX, WiFi TX and BluetoothTM RX/TX operations. The device is
provided in a 3mmx3mmx0.45mm, 16-pin QFN package. This module
meets or exceeds the front-end system requirements for and WiFi applications.
Ordering Information
RF5745
RF5745SR
RF5745TR7
RF5745PCK-410
Standard 25 piece bag
Standard 100 piece reel
Standard 2500 piece reel
Fully assembled evaluation board tuned for 2.4GHz to
2.5GHz and 5 piece loose samples
Optimum Technology Matching® Applied
GaAs HBT
GaAs MESFET
InGaP HBT

SiGe BiCMOS
Si BiCMOS
SiGe HBT
GaAs pHEMT
GaN HEMT
Si CMOS
Si BJT
RF MICRO DEVICES®, RFMD®, Optimum Technology Matching®, Enabling Wireless Connectivity™, PowerStar®, POLARIS™ TOTAL RADIO™ and UltimateBlue™ are trademarks of RFMD, LLC. BLUETOOTH is a trademark owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc., U.S.A. and licensed for use by RFMD. All other trade names, trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. ©2006, RF Micro Devices, Inc.
DS120214
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RF5745
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Parameter
DC Supply Voltage
DC Supply Current
Rating
Unit
5.0
V
240
mA
Full Specification Temp Range (Full
Spec. Compliant)
-15 to +65
°C
Extreme Operating
(Reduced Performance)
+65 to +85
-40 to -15
°C
Storage Temperature
-40 to +150
°C
Antenna Port Nominal
Impedance
50

Maximum TX Input Power
for 11b/g/IEEE802.15.4 (No
Damage)
+5
dBm
Caution! ESD sensitive device.
Exceeding any one or a combination of the Absolute Maximum Rating conditions may
cause permanent damage to the device. Extended application of Absolute Maximum
Rating conditions to the device may reduce device reliability. Specified typical performance or functional operation of the device under Absolute Maximum Rating conditions is not implied.
RoHS status based on EUDirective2002/95/EC (at time of this document revision).
Moisture Sensitivity
The information in this publication is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by RF Micro Devices, Inc. ("RFMD") for its use, nor for any
infringement of patents, or other rights of third parties, resulting from its use. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of
RFMD. RFMD reserves the right to change component circuitry, recommended application circuitry and specifications at any time without prior notice.
MSL2
Parameter
Min.
Specification
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Condition
2.4GHz Transmit Parameters
Compliance
IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g, IEEE802.15.4,
FCC CFG 15.247, .205, .209
Nominal Conditions
VCC =4.0V, VREG =2.85V pulsed at 1% to 100%
duty cycle, Temp=+25°C,
Freq=2.4GHz to 2.5GHz, unless otherwise
noted
Frequency
2.4
2.5
GHz
Output Power
ZigBee® (IEEE802.15.4)
24
dBm
Measured with ZigBee® Waveform
11g
15
17
dBm
At rated 11g power, over Temp range,
VCC =4.0V, VREG =2.85, over Frequency, and
over Process. 54Mbps, OFDM, 64QAM
IEEE802.11b
19
20
dBm
Measured at 1Mbps meeting ACP1/ACP2
requirements
EVM*
RMS, mean, POUT(g) =17dBm
3.0
4.0
%
ACP1
-34
-30
dBc
At rated 11b power, over Temperature range,
over VCC, over Frequency, and over Process
ACP2
-53
-50
dBc
At rated 11b power, over Temperature range,
over VCC, over Frequency, and over Process
Adjacent Channel Power
Gain
29
31
dB
Gain Variation
Frequency
-1
+1
dB
2.4GHz to 2.5GHz
*The EVM specification is obtained with a signal generator that has an EVM level <0.7%.
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DS120214
RF5745
Parameter
Min.
Specification
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Condition
2.4GHz Transmit Parameters,
cont’d
Power Detect
Voltage Detect
0.1
Input Resistance
2.0
10
Input Capacitance
Bandwidth
5
800
V
POUT 0dBm to 23dBm over all conditions
k
pF
1000
kHz
150
mA
Current Consumption
ICC
190
RFPOUT =16dBm, 54Mbps IEEE802.11g
At rated 11b power
250
mA
RFPOUT=24dBm, 11b and ZigBee® waveform
Idle
110
mA
VCC =4V, VREG =2.85V, and RF=OFF
IREG
3
Leakage
5
mA
A
2
10
Power Supply
3.0
4
4.5
V
VREG
2.75
2.85
2.95
V
Input/Output Impedance

50
Ruggedness
Output VSWR
10:1
Output VSWR
5:1
No damage
Stability
Thermal Resistance
No spurs above -45dBm/MHz
79.25
°C/W
VCC = 3.3, VREG = 2.9V, C_TX = 3.3,
C_RX = C_BT = GND, POUT = 17dBm,
Modulation = On, Freq = 2.45GHz, DC = 100%,
T = 85°C
Harmonics
RBW=1MHz. Measured at 1Mbps.
Second
-27
TBD
dBm
POUT at CF=20dBm, H2 Frequency is between
4.8GHz to 5.0GHz
Third
-48
TBD
dBm
POUT at CF=20dBm, H3 Frequency is between
7.2GHz to 7.5GHz
0.5
1.0
S
Output stable to within 90% of final gain
Turn-On/Off Time
Antenna Port Impedance
Antenna port is a DC short to ground
Input
50

Receive
Output
50

Transmit
Switch Control Voltage
Low
High
2.30
0
0.2
2.85
VCC
V
10
A
Switch Control Current
Switch Control Speed
DS120214
100
V
Per control line
nsec
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RF5745
Parameter
Min.
Specification
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Condition
2.4GHz Receive Parameters
Frequency
2.4
2.5
Receive Gain
Noise Figure
Passband Ripple
-1
Output Return Loss
9.6
GHz
12
dB
WiFi RX mode only
8
dB
WiFi RX and BT RX mode
2.5
dB
WiFi RX mode only
8
dB
WiFi RX and BT RX mode
+1
dB
dB
Output Impedance
50
LNA Current
10
Input IP3
+9

13
No external matching
mA
dBm
BluetoothTM Parameters
Frequency
2.4
2.5
Insertion Loss
1.2
5
Passband Ripple
-0.2
Input/Output Power
Output Return Loss
GHz
dB
SP3T switch, all unused ports terminated into
their nominal impedance. BluetoothTM mode
only
dB
WiFi RX and BT RX mode
+0.2
dB
8
dBm
9.6
dB
Output Impedance
50
Current Consumption
30

No external matching
A
Switch leakage current
*The EVM specification is obtained with a signal generator that has an EVM level <0.7%.
Isolation Table
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
WiFi RX to BT RX/TX
20
dB
WiFi TX to BT RX/TX
20
dB
WiFi RX to WiFi TX
20
dB
WiFi RX and BT RX Mode
9
dB
Switch Control Logic
Mode
C_RX
C_TX
C_BT
BluetoothTM
L
L
H
WiFi Tx
L
H
L
WiFi Rx
H
L
L
WiFi Rx/BT
H
L
H
*The FEM can simultaneously receive WiFi and BluetoothTM in the WiFi RX and BT RX Mode.
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DS120214
RF5745
Pin
1
2
3
4
Function
LNA VCC
RX OUT
TX
VREG
5
PDETECT
6
VCC
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
VCC
N/C
VCC
GND
ANT
C_BT
BT
C_TX
C_RX
LNA_EN
Description
Voltage supply for the LNA.
Receive port for 802.11b/g band. Internally matched to 50. DC block provided.
RF input for the 802.11b/g PA. Input is matched to 50 and DC block is provided.
Regulated voltage for the PA bias control circuit. An external bypass capacitor may be needed on the VREG line
for decoupling purposes.
Power detector voltage for TX section. PDET voltage varies with output power. May need external decoupling
capacitor for module stability. May need external circuitry to bring output voltage to desired level.
Supply voltage for the bias circuit of the PA. Add an external 56pF bypass capacitor for low frequency decoupling.
Supply voltage for the first stage of the PA. Add an external 1nF capacitor for low frequency decoupling.
No connect.
Supply voltage for the second stage of the PA. Add an external 10nF capacitor for low frequency decoupling.
Ground.
Port matched to 50 and is a DC short to ground.
Switch control port. See truth table for proper level.
RF bidirectional port for BluetoothTM. Input is matched to 50 and DC block is provided.
Switch control port. See switch truth table for proper level.
Switch control port. See switch truth table for proper level.
LNA enable pin. This is an active high control. An external bypass capacitor may be needed on the LNA_EN line.
Package Drawing
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RF5745
6 of 11
LNA_EN
C_RX
C_TX
BT
Pin Out
16
15
14
13
LNA VCC
1
12 C_BT
RX OUT
2
11 ANT
TX IN
3
10 GND
VREG
4
5
6
7
8
PDETECT
VCC
VCC
N/C
9
VCC
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support, contact RFMD at (+1) 336-678-5570 or [email protected]
DS120214
RF5745
Evaluation Board Schematic
VCC3
C_RX
C_TX
J3
BT
LNA_EN
C1
0.1 F
U1
RF5725
L1
2.2 nH
16
15
14
13
1
J2
RX IN
J1
TX IN
VREG
50  strip
50  strip
12
2
11
17
GND
10
4
9
5
6
VCCb
7
VCC1
J4
ANT
50  strip
P1-1
P1-3
P1-4
3
R1
0
VBT
VCC2
L3
1.8 nH
8
N/C
C8
0.1 F
L2
3.0 nH
C7
0.1 F
P1
1
VREG
2
GND
3
PDETECT
VCC
4
HDR_1X4
P2-6
P2
6
VBT
P2-5
5
VTX
P2-4
4
VRX
P2-3
3
LNA_EN
2
GND
1
VCC3
P2-1
HDR_1X6
C4
330 pF
PDETECT
VCC
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RF5745
Theory of Operation
The RF5745 is an integrated front-end module (FEM) for high performance ZigBee® (802.15.4) and WiFi (802.11b/g) applications in the 2.4GHz to 2.5GHz ISM band. The FEM addresses the need for aggressive size reduction by integrating 50 matching networks to all RF ports and minimizing the number of external components. The FEM has integrated ZigBee® power
amplifier, LNA, power detector, and some TX filtering. Also it is capable of switching between WiFi RX, WiFi TX, and simultaneous WiFi/BT Receive modes. The device is manufactured on GaAs HBT/pHEMT processes and is provided in a
3.00mmx3.00mmx0.45mm 16-pin QFN package. This module meets or exceeds the front-end system requirements for
802.15.4 and 802.11b/g applications.
For best performance, the evaluation board layout should be copied as close as possible in particular the ground vias and
bypassing components. Other configurations may work, but the design process is much easier and quicker if this recommendation is followed. Gerber files of the evaluation board can be provided upon request. The supply voltage lines should present
an RF short to the FEM by using bypass capacitors on the VCC traces.
The RF5745 is a very easy part to implement, but care on circuit layout and component selection is always advisable when
designing circuits that operate at 2.5GHz. Please contact RFMD Sales or Application Engineering for additional data and guidance. The RF5745 requires a single supply voltage (VCC), a regulated current control voltage (VREG) supply, and a switch control
supply to simplify bias requirements.
802.11b/g and ZigBee® Transmit Path
The RF5745 has a typical gain of 31dB from 2.4GHz to 2.5GHz. This FEM is capable of delivering a typical output power of
24dBm to 25dBm when operating under the IEEE802.15.4 conditions. It is also capable of delivering 17dBm typical output
power with a standard IEEE802.11g waveform and 20dBm with a standard IEEE802.11b waveform. Current control optimization is provided through the VREG pin which requires a regulated supply to maintain nominal current.
Out of Band Rejection
The RF5745 contains basic filtering components for the transmit path. Due to space constraints inside the module, filtering is
limited to a few resonant poles. Additional filters may be needed outside the module depending upon the end-user's application.
Receive Path
While on receive mode, the RF5745 has a typical gain of 10dB and minimum insertion loss for the BT path. The RX port return
loss is typically around 10dB. Depending on the application, if higher out of band rejection is needed beyond what the RF5745
can achieve, then additional external filters may be added. The RF5745 is designed so that the SP3T may act as a 3dB splitter
when placed in WiFi RX and BT RX mode simultaneously. See logic control table for proper settings.
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DS120214
RF5745
RF5745 Biasing Instructions:
• 802.11b/g and ZigBee® Transmit
• Connect the FEM to a signal generator at the input and a spectrum analyzer at the output.
• Bias VCC to 4.0V first with VREG =0.0V
• Refer to switch operational truth table to set the control lines at the proper levels for WiFi TX.
• Turn on VREG to 2.85V (typ.). VREG controls the current drawn by the 802.11b/g and ZigBee® power amplifier and the current
should quickly rise to ~100mA±20mA for a typical part but it varies based on the output power desired. Be extremely careful
not to exceed 3.4V on the VREG pin or the part may exceed device current limits.
•
802.11 b/g and ZigBee® Receive
• To Receive WiFi set the switch control lines per the truth table below.
•
BluetoothTM Receive
• To Receive BluetoothTM set the switch control lines per the truth table below.
Switch Control Logic
Mode
C_RX
C_TX
C_BT
L
L
H
WiFi Tx
L
H
L
WiFi Rx
H
L
L
WiFi Rx/BT
H
L
H
BluetoothTM
*The FEM can simultaneously receive WiFi and BluetoothTM in the WiFi RX and BT RX Mode.
DS120214
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support, contact RFMD at (+1) 336-678-5570 or [email protected]
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RF5745
Evaluation Board Layout
Board Size 1.5” x 1.5”
Board Thickness 0.032”, Board Material FR-4, Multi-Layer
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support, contact RFMD at (+1) 336-678-5570 or [email protected]
DS120214
RF5745
RF5745 Plots for IEEE802.11b
Gain versus POUT
Operating Current versus POUT
VCC=4.0V, VREG=2.85V, 11b 1Mbps
40
VCC=4.0V, VREG=2.85V, 11b 1Mbps
300
ICC 2400MHz
ICC 2450MHz
ICC 2500MHz
280
260
240
ICC (mA)
Gain (dB)
35
30
220
200
180
160
25
140
GAIN 2400MHz
GAIN 2450MHz
GAIN 2500MHz
120
20
100
0
5
10
15
20
25
0
5
Output Power (dBm)
-20
15
20
ACP versus POUT
IREG versus POUT
VCC=4.0V, VREG=2.85V, 11b 1Mbps
VCC=4.0V, VREG=2.85V, 11b 1Mbps
5
ACP1 2400MHz
ACP1 2450MHz
ACP1 2500MHz
2400MHz ACP2
2450MHz ACP2
2500MHz ACP2
-30
25
4
-40
IREG (mA)
ACP (dBm)
10
Output Power (dBm)
-50
-60
3
2
1
-70
Ireg 2400MHz
Ireg 2450MHz
Ireg 2500MHz
0
0
5
10
15
Output Power (dBm)
DS120214
20
25
0
5
10
15
20
25
Output Power (dBm)
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support, contact RFMD at (+1) 336-678-5570 or [email protected]
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Authorized Distributor
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