Access Control Systems Document Number ES/025/0

Access Control Systems Document Number ES/025/0
Estates and Facilities
Briefing Notes:
Access Control Systems
Document Number
ES/025/0
Revision Index.
Revised by
Revision made
0 22/07/14 MWG Issued for use ES/025/0 – Access Control Systems
22/07/2014
2
ACCESS CONTROL
General Compliance
The access control system must provide a secure and monitored perimeter to the building, or complex of
buildings if linked in any way.
All access control systems are to be designed, programmed and installed by Group 4 Systems to fully
integrate with the existing master University Access Control system, complete with the provision of all
required master terminal graphics/system maps. If not connected to the University Master system all
safety devices must still be installed ie. Local emergency Break-glass and fire alarm interfaces.
The systems will operate with the standard University ID cards, which are currently a Philips Mifare
type A, proximity card. No sector of the card is reserved for access control and the systems must
operate using the card’s unique serial number located within the directory sector.
Power requirements (240v ac) and all other cabling and containment may be provided and installed by
others, to Group 4 requirements.
All required network connection points to be provided by others at positions detailed by Group 4.
The University iSolutions department will be responsible for providing the information on the LAN
addresses.
All card readers are to be provided with PIN key-pads to allow for the additional functions required by
security, to control and override system door commands. (G4 Series 711) S843 Type,
In general, access controlled perimeter doors will be unlocked automatically by their associated fire
alarm systems. In addition, local, green emergency break-glass units will be provided to allow
emergency egress as required, outside of a fire condition.
Fire interlock relays must be provided by the Fire Alarm installer, adjacent to all Group 4 controllers
and auxiliary lock power supply units.
All Battery back-up power supplies for locks and controller supplies must maintain full system operation
for a minimum of four hours.
All external door locking to be of the magnetic types where no mechanical components are used for the
actual door locking, types to be chosen as appropriate to each door set but must be of the ‘monitored’
type.
All internal electric door locks are to be fail safe, failing in the unlocked position, (current-less).
All internal electric door locks where the door is on the route of an alternative emergency escape route
MUST be provided with a green emergency break-glass unit on the un-secure side.
Non standard access systems.
All non standard access systems not connected to the University main access control G4 system i.e.
Bewator or any stand alone systems must have the same safety features as that of the main University
system, doors should be fitted with a magnetic lock to fail open/unlocked in a fire condition or power
outage and an emergency break-glass to be situated adjacent to the door.
Automatic doors in general.
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Swing open, or Power closer types, are to be provided with maglocks which must de-power on a fire
alarm signal or emergency break glass activation. Egress to be gained by physically opening the
unlocked door.
Sliding type doors are to be provided with integral locking which must de-power on a fire alarm signal,
or activation of the local emergency break-glass unit, AND must move to the door(s) to the fully open
position. Sufficient battery back-up is to be provided to maintain the door operational under power fail
conditions for a minimum period of 1 hour. An independent battery source is also required, of sufficient
capacity to guarantee door opening, after the operational battery back-up is exhausted. Additionally, an
alarm output is to be provided for the access control system indicating when the operational battery
back-up is exhausted, as the building will be rendered unsecured at this point.
On a power outage all doors must operate as if in a fire condition.
Network Connections
Each individual building will have at least one nominated master controller for connection to the
University TCP/IP network. Final connection must not terminate in a wall plate but, the cable is to be
taken inside of the controller and terminated in the required RJ45 plug for direct connection into the
controller’s LAN card.
iSolutions Standard for network wiring provision at the edge of the data network
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
All network wiring shall be to the CAT5E for RJ45 connectivity standard, and directly connected to an ISS data
network hub, without intermediate distribution equipment. The use of additional hubs is not permitted.CAT6E
cable cannot be used as this can not be terminated straight on to an RJ45
The connection shall consist of a single length (no joins) of 4-pair cable to the CAT5E standard, of 90 metres
maximum length, and terminated with the appropriate (RJ45) CAT5E connectors.
The cable shall be secured at the faceplate and the patch panel by means of the device supplied for the purpose by
the manufacturer
Circuit identification shall be marked on each cable This shall comprise:
a. Identical labels at the two ends of a cable
b. Those labels to be unique in the installation
c. Those labels to comply with the iSolutions standard for labelling data cables:
i. Rack identifier (2 alpha characters provided by iSolutions)
ii. Hyphen
iii. Room number
iv. Hyphen
v. Number of data outlet in room, counted clockwise from door
vi. E.g. SD-1016-6
All network wiring shall comply with the test standard for the appropriate category and a certificate of test for
each individual cable shall be available. Wiring of the UTP outlets shall be to the EIA/TIA 568B standard.
The test equipment used to test the cable shall be of at least level 2 accuracy, and produce individual printed
reports for each cable, giving at least the category (CAT) of the test, the pass/fail result, the cable length, and the
cable transmission parameters (e.g. cross-talk and attenuation) .
Physical installation of the cables shall be within the parameters required by the cable manufacturers and with the
following installation standards:
a.
b.
c.
Where a cable is installed in view, it shall be enclosed in plastic trunking, the trunking being capable of
carrying at least a further 4 cables of the type in use to allow for expansion. Plastic trunking must be fixed
to the building by screws and plugs (in addition to the adhesive backing, if used). The distance between
fixing points shall not exceed 750mm.
Where a cable is installed out of view, it shall be fixed to the fabric of the building; either by being clipped
to a cable tray or by being clipped to cable tie bases screwed to the fabric of the building. For cable tie
bases the fixing distances shall not exceed 600mm.
Where cables are routed through areas with existing traywork, data cables may only be installed on tray
or in trunking which carries exclusively data cabling. It is not permitted to add data cables to tray or
trunking which carries electrical power or lighting services. Where a cable passes through a wall then the
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d.
hole must be capable of accepting at least another 4 cables of the type in use. After the cable(s) are
installed the hole must be filled with suitable fire-stop material to restore the fire limiting properties of
the wall.
The cable pair twist shall be maintained as close to the point of termination as possible.
Door Controllers
Door controllers are to be distributed throughout the building as required and located within suitable
rising ducts or plant rooms as close as possible to the doors they control.
Maximum mounting height of the door controllers, and their associated power supplies, to be no more
than 2m from the finished floor level.
Controller types to be selected as the most efficient combination for the number of readers installed and
minimum sub-bus interconnection distance but for cost a 4 doors controller would no0rmally be
installed for new installations.
Minor individual controllers for internal only door control may be selected from the MDU range.
All other requirements must use the M2100 multiNODE controllers with a minimum card capacity of
50,000.
Hardware Requirements
A1
A2
A3
A4
Single leaf
Double leaf
Single leaf
Double leaf
(Revision 2 Jan 2003)
perimeter door
perimeter door
perimeter door
perimeter door
Magnetic lock
card reader both sides
Open during day; card entry/exit night
Magnetic locks
card reader both sides
Open during day; card entry/exit night
Magnetic locks
card reader both sides
24hr card entry/exit only
Magnetic lock
card reader both sides
24hr card entry/exit only
B1 Single leaf perimeter door
B2 Double leaf perimeter door
Magnetic lock
no readers
Open during day; no access at night
Magnetic locks
no readers
Open during day; no access at night
C1 Single leaf perimeter door
C2 Double leaf perimeter door
manual bars
Emergency exit, no readers
No general access day or night
manual bars
Emergency exit, no readers
No general access day or night
D1 Automatic perimeter door
lock signal
card reader both sides
Automatic during day; card entry/exit night
E1 Single leaf internal office door
E2 Double leaf internal office door
electric lock
card reader corridor side
Card entry, pass-back exit at all times
electric locks
card reader corridor side
Card entry, pass-back exit at all times
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
internal link door
internal link door
internal link door
internal link door
internal link door
internal link door
electric lock
card reader both sides
Open during day; card entry/exit night
electric locks
card reader both sides
Open during day; card entry/exit night
electric locks
card reader one side
Open during day; card entry/pass-back exit night
electric lock
card reader one side
Open during day; card entry/pass-back exit night
electric locks
no readers; key barrel both sides Open during day; no entry at night
electric lock
no readers; key barrel both sides Open during day; no entry at night
Key override facility
Card override facility
Electric hold-open
Local alarm
Local sounder
for electric locks
for electric locks
for electric locks
auxiliary local audible alarm unit
auxiliary local sounder triggered by local access system interface
Single leaf
Double leaf
Double leaf
Single leaf
Double leaf
Single leaf
G1 Addition
G2 Addition
G3 Addition
G4 Addition
G5 Addition
General Requirements





Master Perimeter door alarm for each building for connection to University Central Alarm System
Master Internal door alarm for each building for connection to University Central Alarm System
4 Hour minimum Battery back-up
Telephone adjacent to main door for contact with Control Centre for visitor release.
Fire Alarm connections as required for emergency door release.
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 General information signage
All buildings are to be provided with a minimum of a single card controlled entry/exit point (type A or type D), electrical
control/monitoring of all doors required to be open during normal working hours (type B) and monitoring of all other normally
closed perimeter doors (type C). This will be funded and maintained by Estates and Facilities
Internal access control and additional card controlled entry/exit points to be determined and funded by the individual occupying
departments.
Where there is a requirement for only a few internal rooms or areas to be provided with access control, these s would normally be
(type C) doors.
Where whole floors are to be protected, consideration should be given to providing card controlled points from stir-wells and lift
points to keep the number of controlled doors to a minimum.
Type
A1 Door
Single-leaf Perimeter door Selected as Night entry/exit point.
(Unlocked during normal working hours, card access at all other times.)
To be equipped with the following:
In reader + PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 Components to be weathered to IP65 or equivalent.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 External cabling to be run in steel conduit and provided with a tamper loop.
Exit reader.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contact.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally above the mechanical lock, giving the maximum
practical distance from the hinge side.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply and where applicable, open automatic sliding doors.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm event on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
 Deadlock latch must have no 'snib' facility.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings to be vacated before emergency manual locking is engaged.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All external, electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire
alarm condition.
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Type
A2 Door
Double-leaf Perimeter door Selected as Night entry/exit point.
(Unlocked during normal working hours, card access at all other times.)
To be equipped with the following:
In reader +PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the designated door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Components to be weathered to IP65 or equivalent.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 External cabling to be run in steel conduit and provided with a tamper loop.
Exit reader.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contact.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally above the lock, giving the maximum practical
distance from the hinge side and capable of monitoring both doors.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
 Both doors to be fitted with independent magnetic locks to allow only a single leaf to be
released to provide access on against a valid card read during locked periods.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply circuits for both strike-release and magnetic locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an alarm event on operation.
Doors, frames and furniture.
 Doors must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings to be vacated before emergency manual locking is engaged.
 Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the doors.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
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Fire Alarm Interlock
All external, electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire
alarm condition.
Type
A3 Door
Single-leaf Perimeter door
(24hr card access only.)
To be equipped with the following:
In reader + PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 Components to be weathered to IP65 or equivalent.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 External cabling to be run in steel conduit and provided with a tamper loop.
Exit reader.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contact.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally above the mechanical lock, giving the maximum
practical distance from the hinge side.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply and where applicable, open automatic sliding doors.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm event on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
 Night/mortise latch must have no 'snib' facility.
 Deadlock with half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism provided on the both side of the door for system fail
emergency use only. Note, buildings to be vacated before emergency manual locking is engaged.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire alarm
condition.
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Type
A4 Door
Double-leaf Perimeter door
(24hr locked card access only.)
To be equipped with the following:
In reader +PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the designated door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Components to be weathered to IP65 or equivalent.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 External cabling to be run in steel conduit and provided with a tamper loop.
Exit reader.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contacts.
 Required for each individual door leaf.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
 Both doors to be fitted with independent magnetic locks to allow only a single leaf to be
released to provide access on against a valid card read during locked periods.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply circuits for both strike-release and magnetic locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm event on operation.
Doors, frames and furniture.
 Doors must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
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
Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the doors.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All external, electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire
alarm condition.
Type
B1 Door
Single-leaf Perimeter doors used as normal entry/exit point
(Unlocked during normal working hours only.)
To be equipped with the following:
Door monitoring contact.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally above the mechanical lock, giving the maximum
practical distance from the hinge side.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply and where applicable, open automatic sliding doors.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm event on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
 Night/mortise latch must have no 'snib' facility.
 Deadlock with half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism provided on the both side of the door for system fail
emergency use only. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All external, electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire
alarm condition.
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Type
B2 Door
Double-leaf Perimeter doors used as normal entry/exit point
(Unlocked during normal working hours only.)
To be equipped with the following:
Door monitoring contacts.
 Required for each individual door leaf.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
 Both doors to be fitted with independent magnetic locks to allow only a single leaf to be
released to provide access on against a valid card read during locked periods.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply circuits for both strike-release and magnetic locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm event on operation.
Doors, frames and furniture.
 Doors must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
 Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the doors.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All external, electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire
alarm condition.
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Type
C1 Door
Single-leaf Perimeter Fire/Emergency door
(Manual exit only, monitored for operation 24hr/day)
Door monitoring contacts
 To generate alarm on door being opened
 Required for door leaf.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the door, at the maximum
practical distance from the hinge side.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
 Contacts set to provide 24hour monitoring.
Local alarm sounder (optional)
 To be installed immediately adjacent to the door.
 Operation to be 12v dc.
Door, frame and furniture
 These doors would normally have no external locks and be secured internally by panic bars or other approved
escape devices.
Type
C2 Door
Double-leaf Perimeter Fire/Emergency door
(Manual exit only, monitored for operation 24hr/day)
Door monitoring contacts
 To generate alarm on door/s being opened
 Required for each individual door leaf.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the maximum
practical distance from the hinge side.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
 Contacts set to provide 24hour monitoring.
Local alarm sounder (optional)
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 To be installed immediately adjacent to the doors.
 Operation to be 12v dc.
Doors, frames and furniture
 These doors would normally have no external locks and be secured internally by panic bars or other approved
escape devices.
Type
D1 Door
Automatic Doors.



Automatic doors are to be capable of accepting command signals from the Access Control system.
A voltage-free, change-over contact on the Access System will be used to change the door mode from day to night.
A voltage-free, change-over contact on the Access System will be used to command to door open during 'night mode'
from a valid card read.
 A voltage free contact on the automatic door unit to be available for use by the access control system to provide a 'door
forced' alarm. If not available it must be provided as an additional contact.
 Operation
Day mode: Normal operation, doors opening on command from local PIR switches or PUSH pad
Night mode: Local PIR switches inhibited, doors open only via an output from the Access controller, triggered from a valid
smart card read, or activation of the local internal emergency break-glass unit.
During night mode, 'door forced' alarms are to be active.
During night mode the automatic door mechanism must be ‘locked’ and not capable of being forced open,
typically by an internal sheer-lock.
 Automatic doors are to be interlocked directly to the local fire alarm systems to unlock, in the case of swing/power
opener types and unlock and open in the case of slide types.
 Swing type doors to have sufficient battery back-up to allow normal operation for a minimum of one hour under full
power fail conditions.
 Slide type doors to have sufficient battery back-up to allow normal operation for a minimum of one hour under full
power fail conditions, plus an a separate battery system to motor the doors to the open position when the operational
battery-back up is exhausted.
To be equipped with the following:
In reader + PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the designated door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Components to be weathered to IP65 or equivalent.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 External cabling to be run in steel conduit and provided with a tamper loop.
Exit reader + PIN keypad for egress.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contacts.
 To be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, or preferably be part of the door control package.
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 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply circuits from the door controller.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an alarm on operation.
Note: If the emergency break-glass unit is to drop the 240v ac power to the door controller, a no-volt relay will need to be
provided within the door controller to provide a monitor function. This will keep segregation of the different classes of
cabling at the break-glass unit.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All external, electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire
alarm condition.
Type
E1 Door
Internal single-leaf door. (Office, Laboratory or Store)
To be equipped with the following:
In reader + (optional)PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
Pass-back switch (Not required when 'Night-latch' is fitted with a mechanical paddle release or Abloy EL41X lock fitted.)
 To be mounted internally adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Pass-back switch action to drop lock and hold door alarm contacts for set grace time.
OPTIONS
 Pass-back switch can be replaced with a PIR detector to function fully automatically.
 Internal doors, which have no requirement for 'door-forced' alarms may, for convenience, simply have their
night-latches fitted with a simple paddle release, with this configuration the grace time will be set for 60 secs. to
indicate 'door held' only.
Door monitoring contact
 To be provided for the door leaf.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock
Magnetic lock
 Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal position sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass unit. (Not required when 'Night-latch' is fitted with a mechanical paddle release or Abloy EL41X
lock fitted.)

To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an alarm on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
 Emergency manual night/mortise latch must have no 'snib' facility.
 Half-Euro barrel key mechanism to be provided both sides of the door for system fail emergency use.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Manual lock to be vandal-proof and complete with an anti-thrust mechanism.
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
Any accessible strike region to be protected by a metal guard, at least 150mm above and below the lock centre,
but preferably to be of full door height.
Fire Alarm Interlock (optional)
Doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire alarm condition.
Note
The use of Abloy locks is preferred as these units have a standard handle for egress which acts directly on the lock bolt,
neither the emergency break-glass unit or the egress switch are then required.
Type
E2 Door
Internal twin-leaf door. (Office, Laboratory or store)
To be equipped with the following:
In reader + (optional)PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
Pass-back switch (not required if Abloy EL41X lock used)
 To be mounted internally adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Pass-back switch action to drop lock and hold door alarm contacts for set grace time.
 OPTIONS
 Pass-back switch can be replaced with a PIR detector to function fully automatically.
 Internal doors, which have no requirement for 'door-forced' alarms may, for convenience, simply have their
night-latches fitted with a simple paddle release, with this configuration the grace time will be set for 60 secs. to
indicate 'door held' only.
Door monitoring contacts
 To be provided for each individual door leaf.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock
Magnetic lock,
 Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal position sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Or
Double header magnetic locks may be used with full-width housings, arranged to lock / unlock independent of each other.
Note
The use of Abloy locks is preferred as these units have a standard handle for egress which acts directly on the lock bolt,
neither the emergency break-glass unit or the egress switch are required.
Green emergency break-glass unit.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply circuits for both strike-release and magnetic locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an alarm on operation.
Doors, frames and furniture.
 Doors must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Night/mortise latch must have no 'snib' facility.
 Half-Euro barrel key mechanism to be provided on the un-secure side of the door for system fail emergency
use.
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

No hold-open facilities to be provided for the doors.
Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 Lock to be vandal-proof and complete with an anti-thrust mechanism.
 Any accessible strike region to be protected by a metal guard, at least 150mm above and below the lock centre,
but preferably to be of full door height.
Fire Alarm Interlock (optional)
Doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a fire alarm condition.
Type
F1 Door
Internal, single-leaf Link door,
(Blocking access both ways. Normal entry/exit during building occupation times only.)
To be equipped with the following:
Reader 1 for entry one way.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Reader 2 for entry other way.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contact
 To be provided for the door.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.
 Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass units.
 To be mounted adjacent to, and both sides, of the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock .
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
 Mechanical lock must have no 'snib' facility.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All internal link electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a
fire alarm condition.
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Type
F2 Door
Internal, double-leaf Link door,
(Blocking access both ways. Normal entry/exit during building occupation times only.)
To be equipped with the following:
Reader 1 for entry one way.
 To be mounted externally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 Cabling to be contained within the door frame extrusions where possible.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Reader 2 for entry other way.
 To be mounted internally, adjacent to the door, to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Door monitoring contacts
 To be provided for each individual door leaf.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass units.
 To be mounted adjacent to, and both sides, of the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Mechanical lock must have no 'snib' facility.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All internal link electrically locked doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a
fire alarm condition.
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Type
F3 Door
Internal, double-leaf Link door,
(Blocking access one way. Normal entry/exit during building occupation times only.)
In reader + (optional)PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
Pass-back switch (not required when using Abloy EL41X locks)
 Switch will be on the secure side
 Switch to be mounted internally adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Switch action, to drop lock and hold door alarm contacts for set grace time.
OPTIONS
 Pass-back switch may be replaced with a PIR detector to function fully automatically.
 Internal doors which have no requirement for 'door-forced' alarms may simply have their night-latches fitted
with a simple paddle release for convenience.
Door monitoring contacts
 To be provided for each individual door leaf.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
OPTIONS
 Internal doors, which have no requirement for 'door-forced' alarms, may for convenience simply have their
night-latches fitted with a simple paddle release, with this configuration the grace time will be set for 60 secs. to
indicate 'door held' only.
 Door alarm not instantaneous, 60 sec. grace time to allow pass through, but activate on door open past this time.
Electric locks.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass units.
 To be mounted adjacent to, and both sides, of the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Mechanical lock must have no 'snib' facility.
 Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
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
Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All electrically locked internal link doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a
fire alarm condition.
Type
F4 Door
Internal, single-leaf Link door,
(Blocking access one way. Normal entry/exit during building occupation times only.)
In reader + (optional)PIN keypad for entry.
 To be mounted adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled personnel.
Pass-back switch

Switch will be on the secure side
 Switch to be mounted internally adjacent to the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Switch action, to drop lock and hold door alarm contacts for set grace time.
OPTIONS
 Pass-back switch may be replaced with a PIR detector to function fully automatically.
 Internal doors which have no requirement for 'door-forced' alarms may simply have their night-latches fitted
with a simple paddle release for convenience.
Door monitoring contacts
 To be provided for door.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
OPTIONS
 Internal doors, which have no requirement for 'door-forced' alarms, may for convenience simply have their
night-latches fitted with a simple paddle release, with this configuration the grace time will be set for 60 secs. to
indicate 'door held' only.
 Door alarm not instantaneous, 60 sec. grace time to allow pass through, but activate on door open past this time.
Electric lock.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass units.
 To be mounted adjacent to, and both sides, of the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door locks .
 To be monitored at all times, generating an auditable alarm on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
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

Mechanical lock must have no 'snib' facility.
Deadlock Half-Euro MulTiloc barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the door for system fail
emergency use. Note, buildings will be vacated when emergency manual locking is engaged.
 No hold-open facilities to be provided for the door.
 Locks to be as vandal-proof as possible.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All electrically locked internal link doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a
fire alarm condition.
Type
F5 Door
Internal, double-leaf Link door,
(Blocking access both ways. Normal entry/exit during building occupation times only.)
To be equipped with the following:
Door monitoring contacts
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric locks.
Mag lock suitable for size of door.
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass units.
 To be mounted adjacent to, and both sides, the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock supply circuits for both strike-release and magnetic locks.
 To be monitored at all times, generating an alarm on operation.
Doors, frames and furniture.
 Doors must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closers must be fitted.
 Night/mortise latches must have no 'snib' facility.
 Lock mechanism to be vandal-proof and complete with an anti-thrust mechanism.
 Any accessible strike region to be protected by a guard, at least 150mm above and below the lock centre, but
preferably be full door height.
 Half-Euro barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the access-leaf door.

Second leaf doors to be provided with manual bolting facilities top and bottom, for system fail emergency use
only, star-key operated to prevent normal use.
 No mechanical hold-open facilities to be provided for the doors.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All electrically locked internal link doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a
fire alarm condition.
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Type
F6 Door
Internal, single-leaf Link door,
(Blocking access both ways. Normal entry/exit during building occupation times only.)
To be equipped with the following:
Door monitoring contact
 To be provided for the door.
 As required to be of the magnet/reed type mounted internally, generally on the top edge of the doors, at the
maximum practical distance from the hinge side. If strike lock option is used, a single contact set mounted
generally above the strike lock to be used to monitor both doors in conjunction with the bolt monitoring facility
of the lock.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Electric lock.

Mag lock suitable for size of door
 Operating voltage to be 12v dc. Internal sensing to be incorporated to prove correct locking.
 All exposed cabling to be provided with a tamper loop.
Green emergency break-glass units.
 To be mounted adjacent to, and both sides, the designated door to allow easy access for normal and disabled
personnel.
 Primary action to directly break the door lock .
 To be monitored at all times, generating an alarm on operation.
Door, frame and furniture.
 Door must be adapted or replaced to be suitable for access control.
 Suitable door closer must be fitted.
 Lock mechanism to be vandal-proof and complete with an anti-thrust mechanism.
 Any accessible strike region to be protected by a guard, at least 150mm above and below the lock centre, but
preferably be full door height.
 Half-Euro barrel key mechanism to be provided on both sides of the access-leaf door.
 No mechanical hold-open facilities to be provided for the doors.
Fire Alarm Interlock
All electrically locked internal link doors are to be interlocked with the local fire alarm systems to unlock during a
fire alarm condition.
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Addition
G1
Override Key Facilities
Access control override key facilities, where required to allow local goods access, will be provided by the installation of a
key operated switch.
 Key-switch to be half-Euro barrel type with key removal in a single 'normal' position only.
 Key operation to open the lock circuit and block the door monitoring switches from generating an alarm.
 The key is to be retained in the override position, to stop the door being left in an 'alarm deactivated' condition.
 Two-pole switch action required: (Pole 1) to drop power to latch and/or lock, (Pole 2) to block alarm generation of door
monitoring switches.
 Where latch and lock are fitted for a double leaf door, the common negative supply is to be broken by (Pole 1).
 Key differs to be agreed between the department and E&F, as suitable.

Switch housing to be flush-mounted wherever possible, with 'security' type face-plate fixing screws.
Addition
G2
Card activated door override
In special circumstances, a normally 24hr locked, card entry only door, can be provided with an additional key-pad
equipped card reader, located within a secure/manned area to provide an override facility.
The override when active will place the controlled door set in the free access unlocked mode, blocking all alarms.
The additional reader will use the standard ‘*’ commands to activate and de-activate the override for as long as
required. De-activation will revert the door set back to its normal 24hr locked, card entry only mode, and enable the
associated alarms.
In operation, the additional reader will only be used when the location where it is installed is manned, the person
manning the area using their ID card to activate the override only whilst they are present. Leaving the location at any
time, they must deactivate the override.
Addition
G3
Electric Door Hold-opens
Internal links to other buildings, and some corridors in heavy traffic areas, have fire doors equipped with electric
hold-open devices. These allow the doors to be held in the open position, unless a fire condition occurs, at which
time the electric hold opens are released to close the doors to provide the fire barrier.
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Where these doors are to be used by the access control system to provide additional internal security barriers, their
hold open circuits will be modified to allow automatic closure by the access control system as well as the fire alarm
system.
 Integrated closer / hold-open is preferred option.
 Magnetic type hold-opens to have suitable power for the doors they are fitted to.
 Preferred operating voltage 12v dc.
The direct interlock connection from the fire alarm system to be retained, to drop the door hold opens on alarm
condition.
At lock-up, the access controller must also drop the doors to allow locking.
Day mode: Doors unlocked by the Access System, and hold-opens energised, personnel may then place the door in
their hold-open position if desired.
Night Mode: Hold-opens de-energised and electric locks energised.
Fire Mode: Hold-opens de-energised and electric locks de-energised.
Local green Emergency break-glass operated: For emergency use when no Fire Alarm is present and the doors
are in 'Night mode'.
Electric locks de-energised and monitor alarm is generated.
Addition
H1
Local alarm Unit
A self contained, local audible alarm unit to be fitted internally, adjacent to monitored door to provide a local alarm
when door is opened.
 Unit to be self contained, triggered from separate magnetic door contacts.
 12v dc powered, from Access Control system or local power.
 Hi/Lo tone sounder required.
Addition
H2
Local alarm sounder
Local audible alarm sounder fitted internally, adjacent to monitored door to provide a local alarm when door is
opened without a valid card read or pass-back signal.
 Sounder to be initiated from an auxiliary output of the local door Access Control interface.
 12v dc powered, from Access Control system.
 Hi/Lo tone sounder required.
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General Requirements
Master Perimeter Door Alarm.
Each individual building is to be provided with a master perimeter door alarm, derived from the local Access
Controller, but connected to the University Central Alarm System, for reporting to the Maintenance Control centre.
This will maintain integrity under full power failure conditions, as the Central Alarm System has no networks,
routers etc. in circuit and has dedicated batteries, generators and UPSs.
As the Access Control system uses a number of network devices to transport alarm and audit information to the
MCC, the integrity is judged 'unsecure', as an outage on a single component by failure or loss of normal power,
would result in alarms not being sent/received.
Alarm contacts on the Central Alarm System are 'semi-monitored' as they are provided by normally closed contacts
which generate the alarm condition on an opening of the circuit.
Master Internal Door Alarm.
Each individual building is to be provided with a master internal door alarm, derived from the local Access
Controller, but connected to the University Central Alarm System, for reporting to the Maintenance Control centre.
This will maintain integrity under full power failure conditions, as the Central Alarm System has no networks,
routers etc. in circuit and has dedicated batteries, generators and UPSs.
As the Access Control system uses a number of network devices to transport alarm and audit information to the
MCC, the integrity is judged 'unsecure', as an outage on a single component by failure or loss of normal power,
would result in alarms not being sent/received.
Alarm contacts on the Central Alarm System are 'semi-monitored' as they are provided by normally closed contacts
which generate the alarm condition on an opening of the circuit.
Battery Back-up
A minimum of four hours battery back-up will be provided to maintain the systems fully operational during power
outages, which should allow sufficient time to arrange for manual locking arrangements to be made should the
outage persist.
Telephones
Internal, and adjacent to every access controlled main entrance, a telephone will be installed to afford non-card
holders a means of egress, via contacting the University 24hr Control Centre.
Security will then attend to deal with the release.
It is anticipated that occupants of the buildings, who have visitors staying after the normal lock-up times, will escort
their visitors out of the building allowing them egress via their own 'cards'.
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Fire Alarms
In general, all perimeter doors will be unlocked automatically by their associated fire alarm systems. The locally
provided, green emergency break-glass units will also allow egress as required.
Fire interlock relays must be provided adjacent to all controllers and lock power supply units.
All electric door locks are to be of the magnetic type only to ensure doors fail in the open position.
Signage
Main entrance
All signage associated with entering and leaving the building, together with the provision of a local internal
telephone, will be the responsibility of E&F. All Access Controlled buildings to be provided with adequate signage
to inform those entering of the times when 'lock-up' will occur.
"WARNING
This building, including all associated perimeter doors, will automatically lock between the hours of
18:00 and 08:00, Monday to Friday on normal working days.
If you hold no rights of entry/egress for this building,
and are intending to be within the building after lock-up, please ensure that your host escorts you out.
Apologies for any inconvenience."
Instructions also to be provided to inform those unable to gain exit what they must do.
"INFORMATION
If you are unable to gain exit from this building, please use the adjacent internal telephone to contact
the University Centre Control Room on Ext.22811."
Other perimeter doors
All other perimeter entry/exit doors, which are monitored and automatically locked by the Access Control system
but not equipped for card entry, are to be provided with warning signage.
"WARNING
Please note that this door is monitored and alarmed
Information
This door will automatically lock between the hours of 18:00 to 08:00.
For egress or entry to the building outside of these hours, please use the main access controlled door.
Location stated."
All perimeter Fire/Emergency doors, which are monitored by the Access Control system, are to be provided with
warning signage.
"WARNING
Emergency Exit Door, only.
Please note that this door is monitored and alarmed."
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Lift Signage
Where lifts are fitted with access control, to inhibit transport to specific floors under time regimes, instructions must
be provided within the lift car to inform the users of what to do if they are in transit when the time-zone regime is
activated. Exit from the lift at a restricted floor level will not be allowed and an unrestricted floor button will require
selection.
Lift control is not be funded by E&F so the required signage will also be charged to the individual department.
"WARNING
Access to levels 3 and 4 is restricted between the hours of 18:00 to 08:00.
If you are in transit at 18:00 the lift doors will not open onto a restricted floor.
Please re-select an unrestricted floor to exit the lift."
Design Notes Access Control 2014
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