Energy Efficiency - engineering site
Energy Efﬁciency Energy measurement and metering Powerlogic ION System 2007 General contents Presentation 2 4 Kilowatt hour meters 19 Power-monitoring units 24 Current transformers 85 Communication and supervision 91 Installation advice 133 Glossary 153 Presentation The three major beneﬁts 4 Keep control over your power consumption 5 Improving power supply availability 8 Better managing of your electrical installation 12 Solution examples 15 3 Presentation The three major benefits Powerlogic System is the Schneider Electric communication solution that gives you access to important data available from your Medium Voltage and Low Voltage power equipment. You can access them wherever you are, from any PC connected to your Intranet via a simple Web browser. There are many parameters to take into account in order to retain control over an installation: energy, current, voltages, cosM, harmonic distortion level, load trip analysis, etc. These parameters are essential in order to understand the electrical phenomena of an installation. The number of parameters to consider depends on the site’s activity¸ on the installation, on performance levels, on the expected accuracy, etc. It is therefore important to correctly target your requirement before any approach to select equipment so that the selected metering devices are suited to your requirements. Furthermore, you must not forget that metering is only a tool that helps solve electrical problems more effectively; it cannot solve everything by itself. The interpretation of measurements is a decisive factor in terms of the results obtained. Keep control over your power consumption Powerlogic System provides comprehensive, real-time, permanent and remote power consumption data. Consumption by building, sector, unit, workshop, site, excessive or abnormal consumption, variations, you have all the data you need to make direct savings on your electricity bill. Electricity is one of the energy sources consumed by the end user (building, factory, workshop, etc.). The costs of this energy are constantly increasing. End users can therefore benefit from monitoring their electrical network to avoid any wastage and to provide power where it is really needed. Improving power supply availability With Powerlogic System, you anticipate production stoppages. Transformer overloads, phase unbalances, motors exceeding their running time among other faults can cause production facility downtime. Finding out about possible malfunctions allows you to anticipate faults in your power supply and therefore improve its availability. Continuity of service is a key issue. By monitoring the installation, managers opt for preventive maintenance, which is a much more flexible method in terms of actions and, in the end, less costly for the company. Better managing your electrical installation Your electrical installation is constantly monitored by Powerlogic System. Knowing the status of your electrical equipment means that you get the full benefit of its performance capability. This allows you to optimise installed base management and investment spending. 4 0 Presentation Keep control over your power consumption Energy-power 0 There are three parts to your electricity bill: b subscribed apparent power, the fixed part of your bill b consumed real energy b consumed reactive energy. Example: in France, electricity bills can roughly be split into: b 40 % network connection cost as set by government regulations b 20 % national and local taxes b 40 % energy consumption. Power and energy levels are taken into account for monitoring electrical consumption as well as for predicting when existing installation capacity will be exceeded. These electrical values vary according to: b the type of process b the season, if outdoor temperatures vary considerably b date and time b changes or extensions of the site b etc. Putting utilities into competition has led to ongoing changes in supply offers where it becomes strategic for end users to manage the annual load profile at their facility. Harmonic currents create significant additional power losses and contribute to increase power consumption. Measuring All Powerlogic System products are de facto metering units for currents, voltages and power energy (e.g. Power Meter, see Powerlogic System products). Some of them have a long term recording capacity (e.g. EGX400 for historical data recording, see Powerlogic System products). Impact Short term issues b Knowledge of consumption: measuring power consumption, power and current levels, to get a better idea of when and how energy is consumed, all year long. Moving consumption towards cheaper rate periods then becomes possible. Some power consumption can be postponed without disturbing productivity and without reducing occupant comfort, by managing current consuming devices using an automatic control system. Example: commonly, this solution is applied for the production of hot water with storage water heaters as well as for storage based electric heating systems. Another application: in some countries, large amounts of ice produced during low price periods are used by refrigeration systems for air-conditioning. b Minimising electricity costs in real time: disconnecting certain feeders to avoid exceeding the chosen consumption threshold. b Monitoring trend curves: observing power consumption trend lets us estimate when there is a risk of exceeding an authorised maximum limit. In the same way, it is possible to plan when it is necessary to change the rating of switchgear (e.g.: Multi 9 compact circuit breaker). b Managing sources: if the company has a second independent source, such as a backup generator and peak-time supplies are costly, it is possible to limit consumption during this period by switching part of the installation onto this second source (generator sets). This ensures that contract limits are never exceeded, reducing overall power costs. In any estimated economic analysis, it is therefore useful to know the cost of the substitution power, for instance generator set yield and the cost of fuel consumed. This substitution of electric power supplied by a utility with power produced on-site will very often be most favourable during the most expensive periods, depending on the supply contract. The economic advantage derived from implementing an internal power source cannot be separated from another very important advantage: the ability to react to an interruption in external supply and to maintain key services. Example: a French company has implemented several backup generators at the headquarters of a major bank, installed in the Paris La Défense business district. Each set has a capacity of 1250 kVA and one of them is regularly used during peak times. It supplies 800 kW, two hours in the morning and two hours in the afternoon, during the four winter months. b Optimising reactive energy: by using a power factor correction equipment in order to eliminate penalty charges (which also has the effect of reducing power losses). 5 Presentation Keep control over your power consumption Energy-power Long term issue: recording the load profile Generally over a one year period. The load curve allows us to visualise the current or power as a function of time and therefore to see how high peak consumption is and how long it lasts. b Power contract negotiation Recording consumed power and load curves has several advantages: v optimising the power contract. When you know your consumption, you can check the suitability of the electrical power supply contract. If it does not match requirements, the company can request a change of contract, which will avoid paying too much compared with its consumption or paying penalties for days with high consumption. Your load profile represents strategic information for "tunnel" type contracts (contracts limited in terms of minimum and maximum consumption set contractually for certain times of day) v aggregating costs. For example by installing a device at each facility, overall consumption is available and negotiating the right contract becomes easier. Aggregating costs also involves having power meters for significant loads and for the main power incomer (e.g. the incomer to a Low Voltage switchboard). By arithmetic substraction, it is then possible to monitor consumption of auxiliary loads on the application. Multiple facility aggregation makes it possible to negotiate a single contract covering several remote facilities v identifying available power reserves when extending electrical installations or avoiding penalties for exceeding consumption. Example: the figure shows the change in the load curve and the subscribed power values. The limit not to exceed is the threshold when the higher contract becomes financially more interesting: v a winter subscription of 360 kW seems to be slightly over-sized because there are very few times when consumption exceeds this level between February and March. The optimised estimate of the subscription threshold for winter is 340 kW, however potential savings are too low to warrant any change to the "winter subscription threshold" v the summer subscription of 540 kW seems slightly under-sized because there are a few times when it is exceeded during June, July and August v however the months of April, May, September and October have consumption that is well below the subscribed power level for the summer period (540 kW) v we observe that there is a gradual reduction in the active power taken from the month of March through to the month of May. This reduction is probably due to the gradual reduction in need for lighting and certainly for several convector heaters in the plant as daylight hours grow longer. Only sub-metering will allow us to validate this hypothesis. We can see a sharp increase in power from May 26, which then drops back during September. This increase is certainly due to the starting up of air-conditioning in the plant. b Internal consumption allocation Sub-metering allows allocating consumption. Metering electrical power consumption for each significant power consumer by production line, by department, by product in order to allocate electricity costs. Example: shopping centres, rented office space. Productivity efforts on-site are measured by significant load (machine, workshop, entire facility, subsidiary) and by comparing equivalent periods or equivalent loads at different facilities. Allocating consumption to a production cycle allows us to analytically allocate the cost of a product at the end of its cycle by recording power measurements at the start and at the end of production. 6 0 Presentation Keep control over your power consumption Power factor and cos M 0 The cos M corresponds to the phase angle of the voltage relative to the current for signals of the same frequency. Power Factor (PF) is the ratio of real power P to apparent power S. (IEC definition). P PF = ---S PF is equal to cos M only under purely sinusoidal conditions, i.e. when no harmonics are present. In case of harmonics, PF = cos M / (1+THD2)1/2. THD (1) is significant for PF only when non-linear loads are present (variable speed drives, UPS, computers, etc.). Consequently, power factor is the most complete quantity but the separate measure of cos M and THD is recommended to better decide how to correct the PF. (1) THD: Total Harmonic Distortion. Origin Cos M is less than 1 for non-resistive loads, either inductive (motors or fluorescent lamps), or capacitive (capacitors). Measuring Voltage and current metering unit to compute power factor and cos M. Example: Varlogic, Power Meter, etc. (see Powerlogic System products). Impact As the power supply contract from an energy provider is based on real power, the less reactive power is consumed by the site the less apparent power has to be delivered by the energy provider, and the lower is the line current. Low PF can also be due to harmonics. The PF value not to exceed depends on: b the limit set by the electrical power supplier leading to contractual penalty awarded by the utilities who want to prevent the supply of excessive power related to a cos M that is too low. This excess power leads to additional loss effect (temperature rise) on distribution cables managed by the utilities. Example: cost in France is E1.754/kvarh for kvarh in excess of 0.4 x kWh. b the main circuit breaker adjustment, in terms of tripping. This tripping is imposed by the power supplier within the framework of certain contracts (France: yellow tariff) rather than tripping related to installation protection. Impact of cos M on the available active power: this graph shows the change in available active power for various cos M values, for a given apparent power. Example: for a cos M of 0.8, the available active power will be no more than 800 kW. S = 1000 kVA. Power factors for the most common devices (size levels) Device Ordinary asynchronous motor loaded to Incandescent lamps Non compensated fluorescent lamps Compensated fluorescent lamps (0.93) Discharge lamps Resistor oven Induction oven with built-in compensation Oven with dielectric heating Resistor welding machines Static single phase arc welding units Rotating arc welding units Arc welding transformer-rectifiers Arc furnace 25 % 50 % 75 % 100 % cos M 0.55 0.73 0.80 0.81 1 0.5 0.93 0.4 to 0.6 1 0.85 0.85 0.8 to 0.9 0.5 0.7 to 0.9 0.7 to 0.8 0.8 7 Presentation Improving power supply availability 0 Improving power supply availability With Powerlogic System, you anticipate production stoppage. Transformer overloads, phase unbalances, motors exceeding their running time among other faults can cause production facility downtime. Finding out about possible malfunctions allows you to anticipate faults in your power supply and therefore improve its availability. Continuity of service is a key issue. By monitoring the installation, managers opt for preventive maintenance, which is much more flexible and less costly for the company than curative maintenance. Different benefits of monitoring Checking that the installation operates at its rated level b Checking that the main electrical values (I, U, f) are at their rated level and that the installation operates normally. b Extrapolating the short and medium term changes to avoid reaching alarm levels or protection device trip levels. Checking device and machine availability By knowing the position of circuit breakers (open/closed) or source switches (normal/ backup), the level of charge of UPS battery, the readiness of motor starters or variable speed drives, the temperature of transformers, the number of connected capacitor banks, etc. Checking the quality of power and its impact on the installation or process b Avoid premature ageing of equipment related to temperature rise caused by harmonics (cables, transformers, motors). b Avoid equipment destruction due to transient overvoltages and vibrations, reduced continuity of service due to protection tripping, neutral overloading, etc. b Avoid production stoppages leading to non-quality rejects and major financial losses. Example: in a paper mill, a voltage drop can generate a torque surge and rip the paper roll. In processes such as machining, or glass fiber production, incorrect voltage quality will have an impact on the finished product quality. Current defects, such as unbalance, high current in the neutral conductor and high inrush currents, can be the source of malfunctions in the electrical network. Current unbalance High current in the neutral There is a current unbalance when the phase shift between the phase currents is not equal to 120° or when the rms values are not equal. High current in the neutral conductor is generally due to a current unbalance or the presence of harmonic currents of order 3 (and multiples of 3). Origin Examples of current (voltage) unbalance. b Current unbalance is due to incorrect spread of single phase loads between the 3 phases. b Third harmonic currents are generated by single-phase non-linear loads such as IT equipment, variable speed drives, UPS, battery chargers, etc. Measuring b phase currents b neutral conductor current (when neutral is distributed) b unbalance level (directly available on CM and Micrologic P and H : see Powerlogic System products). Impact High values of neutral current can produce neutral conductor overload, particularly if the neutral conductor is half-sized compared to the phases. Current unbalance produces voltage unbalance which can be harmful to motors (additional power losses, vibrations). 8 Presentation Improving power supply availability Current defects 0 Inrush current A high transient current: when an electrical device like a transformer is energised (for 0.2 to 2 seconds). This short duration phenomenon is not displayed on the Web pages of the standard Powerlogic System products other than through the recording of the max. current level but it is available from dedicated tools for electrotechnical experts. Origin Energising of transformers, motors starting, connection of capacitor banks or lighting ballasts. Measuring By metering unit (possibly wave capture with logging), by measuring the max current. Example: Micrologic H (see Powerlogic System products). As short duration current phenomena are very specific, they require the knowledge of an electrotechnical expert. The usual way to analyse these phenomena is to capture the wave forms for off-line analysis using a dedicated software tool. For this reason the Powerlogic System standard offer does not include dedicated Web pages but allows the transmission of the complete data over the Intranet. Example: wave form capture by Sepam, PM850, Micrologic H, CM3000 (see Powerlogic System products) and transmission of data through the Intranet to ION-E software for expert. Impact b voltage drop b nuisance tripping of circuit breakers. 9 Improving power supply availability Voltage Presentation 0 Voltage defects can be the source of malfunctions in the electrical network. For example: b voltage variations outside of a ±10 % band around the rated voltage (including voltage dips) b voltage interruptions b voltage distortion (harmonics) b transient overvoltages b rapid voltage changes (producing flicker) b voltage unbalance. Origin b Overvoltage can originate from over compensation of reactive energy, the loss of neutral conductor or a fault affecting the energy provider regulation system. b Undervoltage can be due to the energy provider's distribution line becoming overloaded or the starting of large motors. b Voltage dips are short duration undervoltages, generally caused by faults occuring in the network user’s installation or in the public distribution system. b Transient overvoltages are mainly due to capacitor banks switching or lightning discharge. b Rapid voltage changes are produced by rapidly fluctuating loads such as arc furnace or large motors (elevators, wood choppers, etc.). b Voltage unbalance is the result of the circulation of unbalanced currents, due to unsuitable spread of single phase loads Transient overvoltage. Transient overvoltage. Measuring Rapid voltage changes. Power factor Efficiency b Current, average and maximum voltage phase-to-phase or phase-to-neutral levels. b Unbalance voltage as defined by IEC standard (Negative sequence voltage / positive sequence voltage). b As short duration voltage phenomena are very specific, they require the knowledge of an electrotechnical expert. The usual way to analyse these phenomena is to capture the wave forms for off-line analysis using a dedicated software tool. For this reason the Powerlogic System standard offer does not include dedicated Web pages but allows the transmission of the complete data over the Intranet. Example: wave form capture by Sepam, PM850, Micrologic H, CM3000 and transmission of data through the Intranet to ION-E software for expert. Rapid voltage changes. Power factor Impact Efficiency b Overvoltage: can result in equipment premature ageing or even failure. b Undervoltage: makes motor starting more difficult as the starting torque is reduced. The permanent current absorbed by motors is increased, which may result in overheating and tripping of protection relays. Motor efficiency and applied voltage. Long or short interruption Supply interruptions are characterized by a total loss of supply voltage and duration: b < 3 mn: short interruption b > 3 mn: long interruption. Origin Long interruptions of supply by the energy provider are whether prearranged for the execution of scheduled works or accidental, generally the consequence of bad weather conditions. Short interruptions of supply are the consequence of fault clearance and automatic reclosing of circuit breakers. Interruption can also originate from failures inside the user’s installation: cable failure, loosening of terminals, short-circuits. Measuring Short interruption. Phase-to-phase voltages with recording over time. Impact Supply interruptions can have a large diversity of consequences: simple momentary discomfort, loss of production, loss of valuable data, destruction of production tools, danger of life. 10 Presentation Improving power supply availability Harmonics 0 Harmonics Harmonics are present when voltages and currents have distorted, non-sinusoidal waveforms. Origin Harmonic currents are generated by non-linear loads, i.e. loads that draw current with a waveform that is not the same as that of the supply voltage. Harmonic voltages are the consequence of the circulation of harmonic currents through the system impedance. Example of non-linear loads: rectifiers, variable speed drives, UPS, office equipment (computers, servers, photocopiers, ...). The Total Harmonic Distortion (THDu (1) for voltage, THDi (1) for current) characterizes the waveform distortion. THDu <5% 5 to 8 % THDi Interpretation < 30 % 30 to 50 % Value considered normal. No malfunctioning should occur. Shows significant harmonic pollution. A few malfunctions are possible. >8% > 50 % Reveals major harmonic pollution. Malfunctions are probable. In-depth analysis and fitting attenuation devices is necessary. (1) THD: Total Harmonic Distortion. THDi: in current. THDu: voltage. Measuring THDu and THDi instantaneous and maximum values with power measurement units. Example: PowerLogic devices such as Power Meter, Circuit Monitor. Included in Micrologic H protection dedicated to Masterpact and Compact. Use of ION-E analysis software for expert is recommended for wave form capture by harmonic range. Impact Devices Power capacitors Motors Transformers Circuit breakers Cables Effects Heating, premature aging (breakdown), resonance. Losses and additional heating. Reduced ability to run at full load. Oscillating torque (vibration, mechanical fatigue). Audible nuisance. Losses (heat-iron) and additional heating. Mechanical vibration. Audible nuisance. Nuisance tripping. Additional dielectric and heat losses (especially neutral losses when third order harmonics are present). Example: conductor power losses. The following features are shown in the next figure, as a function of THDi: b the increase in rms current, Irms, for a load absorbing a given fundamental current b the increase in heat losses, Pj, without taking into account the skin effect (taking base 1 as reference on the graph for Irms and Pj in the case where there are no harmonics present). Therefore, harmonic currents generate an increase in losses expressed in Joules from all conductors and additional temperature rises in transformers, switchgear and cables. In the case of THDi > 50 %, the recommendation is to consider significant load losses increase and that consequently transformer temperature rises exceeding those corresponding to sine wave currents with the same rms value. Refer to the current section on how to take into account the effect of current harmonic pollution. 11 Presentation Better managing of your electrical installation This objective can be reached through monitoring the following aspects. Electrical network day-to-day operation Numerous operators on-site, electricians, production supervisors, facility managers, need to know the situation of the equipment at any time. The status of breakers or other power devices is a very commonly required information. Preventive maintenance The electrical equipment requires maintenance operations in line with manufacturer's recommendations. Typical parameters often used are equipment temperature, running hours, insulation levels. Example: the number of running hours of a motor, the number of switching operations for a circuit breaker. Tailored investment b Checking that electrical values do not exceed the maximum permissible values given by the manufacturer makes it possible to guarantee the equipment’s service life. b Identifying the available reserve power makes it possible to better manage future investment in electrical equipment. b The same applies to identifying the average load level according to production cycles, seasons, etc. and deducing the available power for new current consuming devices. Having the real technical information available gives credibility when increase of the power capacity has to be decided. Once the metering system is installed on the electrical network, it becomes possible to interpret the measurements based on two analysis levels: b electrician's level: the special user of Powerlogic System solutions b electrotechnical expert's level: present in all companies highly dependent on electrical power (end user, contractor, panel builder, design offices or Schneider Electric). What follows in the document presents a summary of interpretations of the measurements provided by the Powerlogic System solution and intended for electricians. These measurements are linked to the three major benefits you derive from Powerlogic System solutions: b keeping control of your power consumption b improving power supply availability b better managing your electrical installation. 12 0 Presentation Better managing of your electrical installation Temperature 0 Temperature is a parameter to be taken into account because it is closely related to the electrical switchboard load and environment. Origin Excessive temperature is revealing an overload, incorrect connections (not complying with tightening torques) or poor electrical cabinet ventilation. Measuring Metering units with temperature probes. Example: Power Meter or Sepam options (see Powerlogic System products). Impact The main impact of uncontrolled temperature is reduced equipment service life (motor, transformer). Apart from electrical or mechanical faults, the service life of electrical equipment is limited by the temperature its insulation is subjected to: the higher it is, the shorter the service life. Tests carried out on a large number of power devices have shown that the service life of a device is reduced by around half every time the temperature increases by 10 °C (outside of its operating temperature range). Example: an electrical device with a service life of eight years and an operating temperature of 105 °C: In this example, the service life of the device falls from eight years to one at an operating temperature of 135 °C instead of 105 °C. Example: IEC standards 60-905 and 60-354 define the impact on the service life and on the operation of power transformers (cast resin and oil-immersed types) outside of their maximum service temperature limits. 13 Presentation Better managing of your electrical installation Insulation resistance 0 Insulation faults lead to leakage current between phase and earth. To avoid a tripping, an IT isolated neutral system is prefered. Example: operating room in hospitals. Origin Aging cables, accumulation of conductive dust on busbars or terminal boxes. Measuring For IT isolated neutral system: permanent insulation monitoring. Example: Vigilohm system (see Powerlogic System products). This measurement is carried out with direct current. The insulation resistance must be measured between each active conductor and earth. Minimum values of the insulation resistance (regulatory thresholds): Circuit rated voltage (V) Very low safety and protection voltage levels Not exceeding 500 V, except in the cases below In excess of 500 V Insulating resistance (M:) 0.25 0.5 1.0 Insulation is generally checked first as far upstream as possible in the specific installation. If the insulation exceeds the value specified in the table, installation insulation is correct. If the measured value is less than that specified in the table, the insulation resistance of each circuit must be measured until the feeder(s) with low resistance is(are) located. Impact On the following equipment: circuit breaker, permanent insulation controller. Every piece of equipment is designed for a certain number of switching operations, or for a certain service life. The number of successive direct on line start-ups of motors depends on the driven load characteristics (torque curve as a function of speed, inertia). Repeated start-ups increase the motor temperature as well as the strain on the machine. This shortens the service life and can even lead to failure. For more information on the number of authorised consecutive start-ups, refer to the machine characteristics or consult the manufacturer. The load characteristics must be known in order to determine the start-up frequency. If continuity of service is a key requirement, the number of past start-ups may be used to plan preventive maintenance. Measuring Provided by metering units, variable speed drives, UPS devices for battery maintenance, etc. Impact These quantities must be taken into account in the equipment maintenance policy, especially when forecasting procurement and replacement during shutdown periods. 14 Solution examples Presentation 0 Case 1 - Medium sized facility Analysesamples Ltd. is a company specialising in analysing industrial samples: metals, plastics, etc., from production plants in the region to certify their chemical characteristics. The company wants to ensure better control over its electric power consumption at existing electrical furnaces and in its air-conditioning system and to ensure the quality of the supply to highly accurate electronic devices used for sample analysis. DB107806 Powerlogic System electrical network The Powerlogic System solution supports power value retrieval via the EGX400 Web server and the Internet browser and enables them to be used with a Microsoft© ExcelTM type spreadsheet. The power curves can then be plotted in real time by the spreadsheet. No IT investment, whether hardware or software, is needed to access the data via the existing office network. The metering devices also allow measurement of basic electrical parameters as well as briefly checking the quality of electrical power. When used in the commercial sector, PM710 can be replaced with PM9C. According to applications, PM9C may be sufficient. In this case the overview of power quality is not available and the unit is only mounted on a DIN rail. To reduce the electricity bill and limit evening and weekend consumption, the trend curves provided by the PM850 should be studied (see Powerlogic System products). The two figures below show the change in load curve before and after actions intended to reduce the electricity bill. These curves are focused on the change in evening and weekend power levels. The first way in which we can act involves detailed analysis of measurements. The reports and the consumption curves allow this analysis to take place. These documents help us to detect abnormal consumption. In our example, this involves checking if the consumption drops normally at night or during weekend. Here, consumption during non-opening hours seems excessive, as a result, two decisions were taken: b reducing lighting at night b switching off air-conditioning during weekends. The new curve obtained shows a significant drop in power consumption. 15 Solution examples Presentation Case 2 - Tertiary building site Biotech SA develops software for simulating the effect of drugs used to fight certain human illnesses. It employs external consultants for each kind of drug. An experimental laboratory is used for software validation. It is located in a 20-storey building including the R&D department, the laboratory, support functions and executive management. Following unexpected power outages with expensive consequences, the company decided to replace its existing electrical equipment, and to have a backup power supply as well as having a real-time monitoring system for the electrical situation. Powerlogic System electrical network Powerlogic System is integrated into the building’s Intranet infrastructure. The basic values are monitored: current, voltage, frequency, power and energy. For the main circuit breaker: we also have the date-stamped event function, as well as continuous harmonics measurement, order by order. For the feeders (see Powerlogic System products): b PM820: date-stamped alarms, particularly suited for motor type current consuming devices with a process that is sensitive to power outages b PM9C: basic values. Note: the date-stamped alarm function can be achieved with a PM810 combined with a PM810log module which adds an 80 kB memory (which notably allows recording the time and measurements in a data log). By replacing the PM820 with a PM850, the user also benefits from trend curve and wave form capture functions, for example when an alarm threshold is exceeded. Certain Schneider Electric Web servers allow maintenance staff to be informed of any operating anomaly. To do this, they send historical data or alarms generated by the metering units or by the Masterpact or Compact circuit breakers, by e-mail and text messages, via the Internet service provider. The CM4000 allows verification of EN 50160 conformity as well as the detection and capture of transients of less than 1P second. It is also equipped with the D.D.D. ("Direction Disturbance Detection") function which records the direction of disturbances, in other words determining whether the disturbance was generated by the facility or the supplier. Sensitive feeders can also be equipped with PM850 enabling wave form capture as well as harmonic content, order by order. A CM3350 is justified by the ability to detect voltage surges and drops. A feeder that is not very sensitive is equipped with a PM700 in order to find out the harmonic distortion level. ION-E 16 0 Presentation Solution examples 0 Case 3 - Multiple locations Fourcar Inc. is a worldwide consumer products retailer (food, textiles, hardware, etc.), with supermarkets in major urban areas. Constantly searching for productivity gains to highlight its greater financial appeal over its main competitors, this company wants to improve the power performance at its locations and is interested in setting up benchmarking between them in terms of power consumption. It is considering assigning this task to Facility Manager partners chosen by country or region. The company wants to get a management chart to consolidate results on a worldwide scale. The chosen Facility Managers, in charge of all energy consumed on-site, water, gas, fuel, electricity, have to call in an electrical distribution specialist to analyse the data. Powerlogic System electrical networks Powerlogic System is integrated in the company’s Intranet infrastructure. Site by site, building by building, electrical switchboards are connected to the Intranet to provide key electrical data. ION-E On a worldwide level, according to access authorisation rules for the company’s own information and implemented by the company’s IT manager, each electrical switchboard becomes accessible via a simple Internet browser, without any IT investment, either hardware or software. By country or by region, the electrician's team in charge of electrical power availability at several locations can already consult this data remotely without wasting time on transport: they simply have to connect a PC from anywhere on the Intranet. The Facility Manager or the IT expert can access electrical data, yet the company's IT managers forbid any Intranet connection by anyone from outside of the company: this is the most common security policy intended basically to avoid introducing viruses. Sending data out from the Intranet is however allowed. Data can be regularly captured in electrical power spreadsheets stored in a PC at the company and sent by e-mail to the Facility Managers or to the expert electricians, at a preset frequency (daily, weekly, etc.) The Schneider Electric Services e-Analysis offer includes all of these functions to which we can add the provision of a Web portal where the Facility Manager or the company can access the expertise of our electrical network specialists. This expertise is focused on analysing electrical power consumption, power availability and optimising operation of electrical equipment. 17 Kilowatt hour meters ME watt-hour meters 19 Dimensions 23 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series PM9 24 Power Meter Series 200 30 Power Meter Series 700 36 Power Meter Series 800 44 ION7300 series 55 ION7550 / ION7650 67 ION8800 77 Current transformers 18 CT current transformers 85 Dimensions 89 Kilowatt hour meters ME watt-hour meters 0 Function Digital watt-hour meters designed for sub-metering of active energy (rms) consumed by a single-phase or three-phase electric circuit with or without distributed neutral. ME1 Single-phase watt-hour meter. ME1z Single-phase watt-hour meter with partial meter. ME1zr Single-phase watt-hour meter with partial meter and remote transfer of metering impulses (relay output). ME1zr. ME3 Three-phase watt-hour meter without neutral. ME3zr Three-phase watt-hour meter without neutral, with partial meter and remote transfer of metering impulses (relay output). ME4 Three-phase + neutral watt-hour meter. ME4zr Three-phase + neutral watt-hour meter with partial meter and remote transfer of metering impulses (relay output). ME3zr. ME4zrt Three-phase watt-hour meter with or without neutral associated with external CTs (not supplied), with partial meter and remote transfer of metering impulses (relay output). Catalogue numbers Type ME4zrt. Rating Voltage (A) (V CA) Single-phase circuit (1L + N) ME1 63 230 ME1z 63 230 ME1zr 63 230 Three-phase circuit (3L) ME3 63 3 x 400-3 x 230 ME3zr 63 3 x 400-3 x 230 ME4zrt 40...6000 3 x 400-3 x 230 Three-phase + neutral circuit (3L + N) ME4 63 3 x 230/400 ME4zr 63 3 x 230/400 ME4zrt 40...6000 3 x 230/400 Width in mod. of 9 mm Cat. no. 4 4 4 17065 17066 17067 8 8 8 17075 17076 17072 8 8 8 17070 17071 17072 Common technical data Accuracy class Frequency Consumption Operating temperature Connection by tunnel terminals Compliance with standard 1* 50/60 Hz 2.5 VA -25°C to +55°C Top terminals: 6 mm2 Bottom terminals: 16 mm2 IEC 61036 (with a sealable enclosure) * class 2 up to 10/07 and class 1 after 11/07 19 Kilowatt hour meters ME watt-hour meters (cont.) 0 Specific technical data ME1, ME1z and ME1zr specific technical data Direct measurement Metering and activity indicator light (yellow) Wiring error indicator Total meter (max. capacity) on one phase Total meter display Partial meter (max. capacity) on one phase with RESET Partial meter display Remote transfer ME1 ME1z ME1zr Up to 63 A 1,000 flashes per kWh Up to 63 A 1,000 flashes per kWh Up to 63 A 1,000 flashes per kWh Yes 999.99 MWh Yes 999.99 MWh Yes 999.99 MWh In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits - In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits 99.99 MWh 99.99 MWh - In kWh or MWh with 4 significant digits In kWh or MWh with 4 significant digits By NO impulse contact: - ELV insulation voltage: 4 kV, 50 Hz - 18 mA/24 V DC, 100 mA/230 V AC - 1 impulse of 200 ms (contact closing) per kWh ME3 and ME3zr specific technical data Direct measurement Metering and activity indicator light (yellow) Total meter (max. capacity) on one phase Total meter display Partial meter (max. capacity) on one phase with RESET Partial meter display Remote transfer ME3 ME3zr Up to 63 A 100 flashes per kWh Up to 63 A 100 flashes per kWh 999.99 MWh 999.99 MWh In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits - In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits 99.99 MWh - In kWh or MWh with 4 significant digits By NO impulse contact: - ELV insulation voltage: 4 kV, 50 Hz - 18 mA/24 V DC, 100 mA/230 V AC - 1 impulse of 200 ms (contact closing) every 10 kWh ME4, ME4zr and ME4zrt specific technical data Direct measurement Measurement by CT CT ratings to be adapted to the CTs used Consumption of each measurement input Metering and activity indicator light (yellow) Total meter (max. capacity) on all 3 phases Total meter display Partial meter (max. capacity) on all 3 phases with RESET Partial meter display Remote transfer ME4 ME4zr ME4zrt Up to 63 A - Up to 63 A - Ratio of 40/5 to 6,000/5 (configurable) See page 92068 - - 0.05 VA to 5 A 100 flashes per kWh 100 flashes per kWh 999.99 MWh In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits - 10,000/x flashes per kWh (1) (x = CT rating) 999.99 MWh Where CT y 150 A : 999.99 MWh Where CT > 150 A : 9,999.99 MWh In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits In kWh or MWh with 5 significant digits 99.99 MWh Where CT y 150 A : 99.99 MWh Where CT > 150 A : 999.99 MWh In kWh or MWh with 4 significant digits In kWh or MWh with 4 significant digits By NO impulse contact: By NO impulse contact: - ELV insulation voltage: 4 kV, 50 Hz - ELV insulation voltage: 4 kV, 50 Hz - 18 mA/24 V DC, 100 mA/230 V AC - 18 mA/24 V DC, 100 mA/230 V AC - 1 impulse of 200 ms (contact closing) - 10/x impulse of 200 ms (contact every 10 kWh closing) per kWh = x/10 kWh per impulse (2) (x = CT rating) (1) example: 500/5 CT = 10,000/500 flashes per kWh = 20 flashes per kWh (2) example: 500/5 CT = 500/10 kWh per impulse = 50 kWh per impulse 20 ME watt-hour meters (cont.) Kilowatt hour meters 0 Connection Single-phase circuit DB109828 to impulse meter (ME1zr) ME1 / ME1zr. Three-phase circuit to impulse meter DB109830 to impulse meter (ME3zr) ME4zrt. ME3 / ME3zr. Three-phase + neutral circuit to impulse meter DB109832 ME4 / ME4zr. ME4zrt. E57423 Caution b:Do not earth the CT secondary (S2). b:Networks greater than 5 A: measurements require use of current transformers with a 5 A secondary. P1 P2 S1 S2 b:You must comply with the routing direction of power cables in the current transformer primary. Cables enter in “P1” and leave in “P2” to the loads. E57422 to impulse meter (ME4zr) I I P1 P2 21 Kilowatt hour meters ME watt-hour meters (cont.) 0 Connection (cont.) Use with a contactor A measurement instrument is normally continually supplied. For a non-continuous supply (load switching), we recommend that you place the breaking device downstream from the measurement instrument to limit disturbances on the module inputs. These disturbances, particularly on inductive loads, may result in early ageing of the device. You must also place the measurement instrument at a distance from the breaking device to limit the risk of disturbance. DB109833 Example: ME meter on a load switching: Circuit-breaker Circuit-breaker Contactor Contactor Load 22 Load Dimensions Kilowatt hour meters 0 DB103483 ME1, ME1z and ME1zr watt-hour meters DB103484 ME3, ME3zr, ME4, ME4zr, ME4zrt watt-hour meters 23 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series PM9 Functions and characteristics The PowerLogic® Power Meter Series PM9 offers the basic measurement capabilities required to monitor an electrical installation in a 4-module case (18 mm modules). They can be used to monitor 2-, 3- and 4-wire low-voltage systems and connect to external current transformers. With the large backlit display, you can monitor all three phases at the same time. Three versions are available for one or two supply voltages (220 to 240 V AC or 24 to 48 V DC): b PM9 for basic measurements b PM9P for basic measurements with pulse output b PM9C for basic measurements with Modbus RS485 output. Power Meter Series PM9. Applications Panel instrumentation. Sub-billing / cost allocation. Remote monitoring of an electrical installation. Characteristics Only 72 mm wide (four 18 mm modules) Compact design for optimised installation. Large backlit display Simultaneous monitoring of all three phases. Demand power Monitoring of subscribed-power overruns. IEC 62053-21 Class 2 for energy For sub-billing and cost-allocation applications. Part numbers Type Power Meter PM9 Power Meter PM9P Power Meter PM9C Power Meter PM9 Power Meter PM9P Power Meter PM9C 24 Voltage 220 to 240 V AC 220 to 240 V AC 220 to 240 V AC 24 to 48 V DC 24 to 48 V DC 24 to 48 V DC Width in 9 mm modules 8 8 8 8 8 8 Part no. 15199 15197 15198 15274 15275 15276 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series PM9 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Selection guide PM9 PM9P PM9C General Use on LV systems only Current and voltage accuracy Energy and power accuracy Direct voltage connection 1P + N, 3P, 3P + N b b b 0.5 % 1% 450 V 0.5 % 1% 450 V 0.5 % 1% 450 V b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b Instantaneous rms values Current Voltage Frequency Active and reactive power Apparent power Power factor 3 phases and neutral Phase-to-neutral and phase-to-phase Total and per phase Total Total Energy values Active energy Reactive energy Demand values Active, reactive, apparent power Present and max. values Other measurements Hour counter Display and I/O Backlit LCD display Pulse output b b b - 1 - - - b b Communication RS485 port Modbus protocol 25 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series PM9 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Electrical characteristics Type of measurement On single-phase (1P + N) or threephase (3P, 3P + N) AC systems Measurement accuracy Current and voltage 0.5 % of reading Power 2 % of reading from pf 0.8 leading to 0.5 lagging Frequency 0.2 Hz Power factor 2 % from 0.8 leading to 0.5 lagging Active energy Class 2 as defined by IEC 62053-21 Reactive energy Class 2 as defined by IEC 62053-23 Input-voltage characteristics Measured voltage 50 to 450 V AC (direct) and up to 1000 V AC (with external VT) Permissible overload 1.15 Un Frequency measurement 45 to 65 Hz range Input-current characteristics CT ratings Adjustable from 5 to 10000 A Secondary 5A Metering over-range 15 mA to 6 A Permissible overload 6 A continuous 20 A 10 s 50 A 1 s Load 0.55 VA Input current Not isolated Control Power AC 220 to 240 V AC (±10 %), < 5 VA DC 24 to 48 V DC (±20 %) Pulse output (PM9P) Static output, 350 V AC/DC max., 130 mA max. at 25 °C, derating 1 mA/°C above 25 °C, 5 kV insulation Mechanical characteristics Weight IP degree of protection Dimensions Connection 0.3 kg IP52 (front display) 72 x 90 x 66 (mm) Tunnel terminals, 1 x 4 mm2 Environmental conditions Operating temperature Pollution degree Installation category Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated fields Immunity to fast transients Immunity to impulse waves Conducted and radiated emissions -5 °C to +55 °C 2 III for distribution systems up to 260/450 V Level III (IEC 61000-4-2) Level III (IEC 61000-4-3) Level IV (IEC 61000-4-4) Level IV (IEC 61000-4-5) Class B (CISPR11) Safety e Communication RS485 port (PM9C) remote reading and reset 26 2-wire, 9600 or 19200 bauds, Modbus RTU, ELSV circuit, 6 kV impulse withstand (double insulation) Power Meter Series PM9 Installation and connection Power-monitoring units DB101950 Dimensions 27 Power Meter Series PM9 Installation and connection (cont.) Power-monitoring units DB110047 PM9/4-wire connection with 3 CTs Connection example. DB110048 PM9P/4-wire connection with 3 CTs Connection example. Note: other types of connection are possible. See product documentation. 28 Power Meter Series PM9 Installation and connection (cont.) Power-monitoring units DB110049 PM9C/4-wire connection with 3 CTs Connection example. Note: other types of connection are possible. See product documentation. 29 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 200 Functions and characteristics The PowerLogic® Power Meter Series 200 is an easy-to-use, cost effective meter that offers the basic measurement capabilities required to monitor an electrical installation. The compact 96 x 96 mm meter simultaneously monitors all three phases of voltage and current. Energy and demand readings provide the information needed to measure and control energy costs. The PM200 includes an easy-to-read, anti-glare, back-lit LCD display. It features an intuitive interface with context-based navigational menus. Summary screens and bar charts provide system status at a glance. The default screen displays real energy and per-phase current values. The energy summary screen displays total real, reactive, and apparent energy. The demand summary screen displays real, reactive, and apparent demand. Current demand and voltage summary screens provide the per-phase and peak values needed to understand circuit performance and loading. The Power Meter Series 200 is available in three versions: b:PM200, basic version b:PM200P, basic version plus two pulse outputs for energy metering b:PM210, basic version plus an RS485 port for Modbus communication. Applications OEM applications. Panel instrumentation. Applications with space restrictions. Remote monitoring of an electrical installation. Sub-billing / cost allocation / utility billing verification. Cost constrained applications. Characteristics Compact With a mounting depth of only 50 mm, the PM200 series is the perfect space saver. Large, easy-to-read display Summary screens for current, voltage, energy and demand on an anti-glare, green back-light display. Bar charts Graphical representation of system loading and Outputs (PM200P) provide system status at a glance. Easy to operate Intuitive navigation with context-based menus for easy use. Modbus communications and digital outputs The PM210 provides standard Modbus communications. The PM200P provides two integrated digital outputs. IEC 62053-21 Class 1 for real energy Accurate measurement for sub-billing and cost allocation. Direct connection for metering voltage inputs No external PTs needed for voltages up to 480 V AC (L-L). Easy to install Uses only two clips. No tools needed. Part numbers Description Power Meter with Integrated Display Power Meter PM200 with basic readings, demand, and summary screens PM200MG Power Meter PM200P with basic readings, demand, and summary PM200PMG screens, plus two digital outpouts Power Meter PM210 with basic readings, demand, and summary screens, PM210MG plus an RS485 communication port Parts and accessories The PM200 series does not have any options or accessories. 30 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 200 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Meter selection guide PM200 PM200P PM210 General Use from LV to HV power systems Current and voltage accuracy Active and reactive power accuracy Active energy accuracy Reactive energy accuracy Sampling rate (samples/cycle) b b b 0.5 % 1% 1% 2% 32 0.5 % 1% 1% 2% 32 0.5 % 1% 1% 2% 32 b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b - 2 - - - 2-wire b Instantaneous rms values Current, voltage, frequency Active, reactive, apparent power Total Power factor Total Energy values Active, reactive, Total apparent energy Configurable accumulation mode Demand values Current Present and max. values Active, reactive, apparent power Present and max. values Display and outputs Green backlit LCD display IEC or IEEE menu mode Digital output pulse Communication RS485 (one port) Modbus protocol Power Meter Series 200. 1 Mounting slots. 2 RS485 communications (PM210) or 2 pulse outputs (PM200P). 3 Heartbeat LED. 4 Power supply. 5 Voltage inputs. 6 Current inputs. 31 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 200 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Electrical characteristics Type of measurement Measurement accuracy Current and voltage Power Frequency Active energy Reactive energy Data update rate Input-voltage Measured voltage Metering over-range Impedance Frequency range Rear view of Power Meter Series 200. Input-current Control power Output CT ratings Primary Secondary Measurement input range Permissible overload Impedance Load AC DC Ride-through time Pulse output (PM200P) True rms up to the 15th harmonic on single or three-phase (3P, 3P + N) AC systems 32 samples per cycle 0.5 % of reading from 20 % to 120 % 1% +0.01 Hz from 45 to 65 Hz IEC 62053-21 Class 1 IEC 62053-23 Class 2 1s 10 to 480 V AC (direct Ph-Ph) 10 to 277 V AC (direct Ph-N) 0 to 1600 kV AC (with external VT) 1.2 Un 2 Mȍ (Ph-Ph) / 1 MW (Ph-N) 45 to 65 Hz Adjustable from 5 A to 32767 A 5 A starting at 10 mA 0 to 6 A 10 A continuous 50 A for 10 seconds per hour 120 A for 1 second per hour < 0.12 ȍ < 0.15 VA 115 to 415 + 10 % V AC, 5 VA; 50 to 60 Hz 125 to 250 ±20 % V DC, 3 W 100 ms at 120 V AC Static output 240 ±10 % V AC, 100 mA max. at 25 °C, (derate 0.56 mA per °C above 25°C), 2.41 kV rms isolation, 30 W on-resistance at 100 mA Mechanical characteristics Weight IP degree of protection (IEC 60529) Dimensions 0.37 kg Designed to IP52 front display, IP30 meter body 96 x 96 x 69 mm (meter with display) 96 x 96 x 50 mm (mounting depth) Environmental characteristics Operating temperature Meter Display Meter + display Storage temperature= Humidity rating Pollution degree Metering category (voltage inputs and control power) Dielectric withstand Altitude 0 °C to +60 °C -10 °C to +50 °C -40 °C to +85 °C 5 to 95 % RH at 50 °C (non-condensing) 2 CAT III, for distribution systems up to 277 V Ph-N / 480 V AC Ph-Ph EN 61010, UL508 Double insulated front panel display 3000 m Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated fields Immunity to fast transients Immunity to impulsive waves Conducted immunity Immunity to magnetic fields Immunity to voltage dips Conducted and radiated emissions Harmonics Flicker emissions Level III (IEC 61000-4-2) Level III (IEC 61000-4-3) Level III (IEC 61000-4-4) Level III (IEC 61000-4-5) Level III (IEC 61000-4-6) Level III (IEC 61000-4-8) Level III (IEC 61000-4-11) e commercial environment/FCC part 15 class B EN 55011 IEC 61000-3-2 IEC 61000-3-3 Safety Europe U.S. and Canada CE as per IEC 61010-1 UL508 Communication RS485 port (PM210) 2-wire, up to 19200 bauds, Modbus RTU, SELV circuit, 6 kV impulse (double insulation) Display characteristics Dimensions 73 x 69 mm Back-lit green LCD (6 lines total, 4 concurrent values) Firmware characteristics Min./max. 32 Worst min. and max. with phase indication for voltages, currents and THD. Min. and max. values for power factor, power (P, Q, S) and frequency Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 200 Installation and connection Dimensions Front-panel mounting 33 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 200 Installation and connection (cont.) 4-wire connection with 3 CTs and no PT Connection example. 3-wire connection with 2 CTs and 2 PTs Connection example. Note: Other types of connection are possible. See product documentation. 34 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 200 Installation and connection (cont.) PM200P : pulse outputs connection Meter (2-wire) Belden 9841 or equivalent MCT2W-485 terminator on the last device of the daisy chain – + Power Meter 200 or other POWERLOGIC 2-wire compatible devices Belden 9841 wire colors: blue with white stripe (+), white with blue stripe (–), and silver (shield) 35 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Functions and characteristics The PowerLogic Power Meter Series 700 offers all the measurement capabilities required to monitor an electrical installation in a single 96 x 96 mm unit extending only 50 mm behind the mounting surface. With its large display, you can monitor all three phases and neutral at the same time. The anti-glare display features large 11 mm high characters and powerful backlighting for easy reading even in extreme lighting conditions and viewing angles. The Power Meter Series 700 is available in four versions: b PM700, basic metering with THD and min/max readings b PM700P, same functions as the PM700, plus two solid-state pulse outputs for energy metering b PM710, same functions as the PM700, plus one RS 485 port for Modbus communication b PM750, same functions as the PM710, plus two digital inputs, one digital output, alarms and signed power factor. Applications Panel instrumentation. Sub-billing and cost allocation. Remote monitoring of an electrical installation. Harmonic monitoring (THD). Alarming with under/over conditions and I/O status (PM750) Characteristics Requires only 50 mm behind mounting surface The Power Meter Series 700 can be mounted on switchboard doors to maximise free space for electrical devices. Large back lit display with integrated bar charts Displays 4 measurements at a time for fast readings. Intuitive use Easy navigation using context-sensitive menus. Power and current demand, THD and min/max reading in basic version A high-performance solution for trouble-free monitoring of your electrical installation. Active energy class IEC 62053-22 class 0.5S (PM750) and IEC 62053-21 class 1 (PM700, PM700P, PM710) Suitable for sub-billing and cost-allocation applications. Innovative Power Meter RS 485 communications, alarming and digital I/O in a single Power Meter (PM750). Part numbers Power Meter Merlin Gerin brand 36 PM700 Power Meter PM700MG PM700P Power Meter PM700PMG PM710 Power Meter PM710MG PM750 Power Meter PM750MG Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Selection guide PM700 PM700P PM710 PM750 General Use on LV and HV systems b b b b Current and voltage accuracy 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.5 % Active energy accuracy 1.0 % 1.0 % 1.0 % 0.5 % Reactive energy accuracy 2% 2% 2% 2% Instantaneous rms values Current Phases and neutral b b b b Voltage Ph-Ph and Ph-N b b b b b b b b Active, reactive, apparent power Total and per phase b b b signed (1) Power factor Total absolute absolute absolute signed b b b signed (1) Frequency Energy values Active, reactive, apparent energy Demand values Current Present and max. b b b b Active, reactive, apparent power Present and max. b b b b Setting of calculation mode Block, sliding, input b synchronisation mode b b b b b b b Current and voltage b b b b Other measurements Hour counter Power quality measurements Harmonic distortion Data recording Min/max of instantaneous values b b b b Alarms - - - b (2) Display and I/O Backlit LCD display b b b b Digital inputs - - - 2 (3) Digital outputs - 2 (4) - 1 (5) Communication Power Meter 750. 1 Control power. 2 Voltage inputs. 3 Current inputs. 4 RS 485 port. 5 Digital input/output. 6 Mounting clips. 7 Mounting slot. RS 485 port - - b b Modbus protocol - - b b (1) kW, kVAR, kWh and kVARh are signed net consumption values. (2) 15 user-configurable under and over conditions and in combination with digital inputs or outputs status. (3) 2 operation modes are available: normal or input demand synchronisation. (4) kWh and kVARh pulse output mode only. (5) 3 operation modes are available: external, alarm or kWh pulse output. 37 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Electrical characteristics Type of measurement Measurement accuracy Current Voltage Power Factor Power Frequency Active Energy Reactive Energy Data update rate Input-voltage characteristics Rear view of Power Meter Series 700 (PM750). Input-current characteristics Measured voltage Metering over-range Impedance Frequency range CT ratings Primary Secondary Measurement input range Permissible overload Input Impedance Load AC DC Ride-through time Digital inputs (PM750) Output Pulse outputs (PM700P) Power supply Digital or pulse outputs (PM750) True rms up to the 15th harmonic on three-phase (3P, 3P + N) two-phase and single-phase AC systems 32 samples per cycle 0.5 % from 1 A to 6 A 0.5 % from 50 V to 277 V 0.5 % from 1 A to 6 A 1% ±0.02 % from 45 to 65 Hz Class 1 as defined by IEC 62053-21 (1) Class 0.5S as defined by IEC 62053-22 (2) Class 2 as defined by IEC 62053-23 1s 10 to 480 V AC (direct Ph-Ph) 10 to 277 V AC (direct Ph-N) up to 1.6 MV AC (with external VT) the lower limit of the measurement range depends on the PT ratio 1.2 Un 2 M: (Ph-Ph) / 1 M: (Ph-N) 45 to 65 Hz Adjustable from 5 A to 32767 A 1 A or 5 A 5 mA to 6 A 15 A continuous 50 A for 10 seconds per hour 120 A for 1 second per hour < 0.1 : < 0.15 VA 100 to 415 ±10 % V AC, 5 VA 125 to 250 ±20 % V DC, 3 W 100 ms at 120 V AC 12 to 36 V DC, 24 V DC nominal, 12 k: impedance, 2.5 kV rms isolation, max. frequency 25 Hz, response time 10 ms 3 to 240 V DC or 6 to 240 V AC, 100 mA at 25 °C, derate 0.56 mA per °C above 25 °C, 2.41 kV rms isolation, 30 : on-resistance at 100 mA 8 to 36 V DC, 24 V DC nominal at 25 °C, 3.0 kV rms isolation, 28 : on-resistance at 100 mA Mechanical characteristics Weight IP degree of protection (IEC 60529) Dimensions 0.37 kg IP52 front display, IP30 meter body 96 x 96 x 69 mm (meter with display) 96 x 96 x 50 mm (behind mounting surface) Environmental conditions Operating temperature Meter Display Meter + display Storage temp. Humidity rating Pollution degree Metering category Dielectric withstand Altitude -5 °C to +60 °C -10 °C to +50 °C -40 °C to +85 °C 5 to 95 % RH at 50 °C (non-condensing) 2 III, for distribution systems up to 277/480 V AC As per EN 61010, UL508 - Double insulated front panel display 3000 m max. Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated fields Immunity to fast transients Immunity to impulse waves Conducted immunity Immunity to magnetic fields Immunity to voltage dips Conducted and radiated emissions Harmonics emissions Flicker emissions (1) PM700, PM700P, PM710. (2) PM750. 38 Level III (IEC 61000-4-2) Level III (IEC 61000-4-3) Level III (IEC 61000-4-4) Level III (IEC 61000-4-5) Level III (IEC 61000-4-6) Level III (IEC 61000-4-8) Level III (IEC 61000-4-11) e commercial environment/FCC part 15 class B EN 55011 IEC 61000-3-2 IEC 61000-3-3 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Safety Europe e, as per IEC 61010-1 i (1) U.S. and Canada UL508 Communication RS 485 port (PM710 and PM750) 2-wire, up to 19200 bauds, Modbus RTU (double insulation) Display characteristics Dimensions 73 x 69 mm Back-lit green LCD (6 lines total, 4 concurrent values) Firmware characteristics Min./max. Worst min. and max. with phase indication for voltages, currents and THD. Min. and max. values for power factor, power (P, Q, S) and frequency (1) Protected throughout by double insulation . 39 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Installation and connection Dimensions Front-panel mounting 40 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Installation and connection (cont.) 4-wire connection with 3 CTs and no PT Connection example. 3-wire connection with 2 CTs and 2 PTs Connection example. Note: other types of connection are possible. See product documentation. 41 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Installation and connection (cont.) PM700P pulse output capabilities There are two solid-state KY outputs. One is dedicated to kWH and the other to kVARH. Pulse Output: KY is a solid state pulse output rated for 240 V AC/DC max. (1) The power source should not be a safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuit. Pulse outputs are not SELV rated. (2) Overcurrent protective device (not supplied). This device must be rated for short circuits at the connection point. PM750 input/output capabilities The PM750 has two digital inputs and one digital output. The digital inputs have two operating modes: Normal and Demand Sync. The digital output has three operating modes: External Control (default), Alarm and kWh Pulse mode. When configured in Alarm mode, the digital output can be controlled by the meter in response to an alarm condition. (1) The power source should not be a safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuit. Pulse outputs are not SELV rated. (2) Overcurrent protective device (not supplied). This device must be rated for short circuits at the connection point. 42 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 700 Installation and connection (cont.) Communications (PM710 and PM750) 2-wire daisy-chain connection of devices (RS 485) Belden 9841 or equivalent MCT2W terminator on the last device of the daisy chain – + Belden 9841 wire colors: blue with white stripe (+), white with blue stripe (–), and silver (shield). 43 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Functions and characteristics The PowerLogic® Power Meter Series 800 offers all the high-performance measurement capabilities needed to monitor an electrical installation in a compact 96 x 96 mm unit. Its easy-to-read display shows all three phases and neutral at the same time. Standard features of the Series 800 Power Meters include an RS 485 Modbus communication port (ASCII and RTU), digital input and digital output, THD metering, alarming and input metering capability. The PM820, PM850 and the PM870 also offer custom on-board logging and individual current and voltage harmonic readings. The PM850 includes waveform capture. The PM870 is a compact meter that offers voltage and current disturbance (sag and swell) detection and configurable waveform capture. Applications Panel instrumentation b sub-billing, cost allocation and utility bill verification b remote monitoring of an electrical installation b mid-range power quality analysis and energy management (the PM870 includes sag and swell detection) b utility contract optimization and load preservation. Characteristics Easy to install Mounts with only two clips. No tools required. Direct connect voltage inputs No need for potential transformers (PTs) up to 600 V AC. Easy to operate Intuitive navigation with self-guided, language-selectable menus. System status at a glance Large, anti-glare display with back-light provides summary screens with multiple values. Bar charts graphically represent system loading and I/O. Custom alarming with time stamping Over 50 alarm conditions, including over or under conditions, digital input changes, phase unbalance and more. Boolean logic (PM850 and PM870) can be used to combine up to four alarms. Power quality analysis The Power Meter Series 800 supports individual current and voltage harmonics readings (the PM810 requires a PM810LOG). The PM850 includes waveform capture. The PM870 features voltage and current disturbance (sag and swells) detection and configurable waveform capture. And both the PM850 and PM870 include EN 50160 power quality evaluation for help in troubleshooting and preventing power quality problems. Extensive on-board memory Billing (energy and demand), power quality and alarm logs are stored in non-volatile memory (PM810 with PM810LOG). IEC 62053-22 class 0.5S for active energy Accurate energy measurement for sub-billing and cost allocation. Trend curves and short-term forecasting (PM850 and PM870) Trend and compare energy and demand readings. Forecast upcoming values to anticipate and manage future energy costs. WAGES capability Five channels available on all models for input metering of various utilities (WAGES: water, air, gas, electricity, steam). Modular and upgradeable Easy-to-install option modules (memory and I/O) and downloadable firmware for enhanced meter capabilities. Remote display The optional remote display can be mounted as far as 10 m roughly from the metering unit. The adapter includes an additional 2 or 4-wire RS 485/RS 232 communication port. 44 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Part Numbers Description Power Meter Unit (No Display) Use the base meter unit without a display to comply with voltage limitations for local regulations when door mounting is not possible, or when meter voltage exceeds regulations, or when local display is not required. When the meter is used without a display, configuration of the communications port is limited to the default (address 1, 9600 baud, parity even). Requires software to read data. Power Meter PM870 unit (no display). PM810 power meter unit only, no display, basic instrumentation, THD, alarming, 80 kB logging (with PM810LOG) PM820 power meter unit only, no display, basic instrumentation, THD, alarming, 80 kB logging PM850 power meter unit only, no display, basic instrumentation, THD, alarming, 800 kB logging, waveform capture PM810UMG PM870 power meter unit only, no display, basic instrumentation, THD, alarming, 800 kB logging, configurable waveform capture and disturbance detection PM870UMG PM820UMG PM850UMG Power Meter with Integrated Display mounted on door Use the meter with an integrated display when door space is available and when voltage usage is within the local regulation limits. PM810 power meter with integrated display, PM810MG PM820 power meter with integrated display PM820MG PM850 power meter with integrated display PM850MG PM870 power meter with integrated display PM870MG Power Meter PM870 with integrated display. Power Meter with remote Display Conveniently packaged kit consist of a base meter (810, 820, 850 or 870) with a remote display, remote display adapter, and remote display cable 3.65 m (12 ft). Power Meter PM870 with remote display. PM810 power meter with remote display PM810RDMG PM820 power meter with remote display PM820RDMG PM850 power meter with remote display PM850RDMG PM870 power meter with remote display PM870RDMG Parts and accessories Remote display adapter with remote display and a 3.65 m (12 ft) cable PM8RDMG Use this combination of remote display, adapter, and 3.65 m (12 ft) cable to equip a base meter unit for use with a remote display. In addition, the display can be carried from meter to meter, enabling you to purchase one display for multiple meters. Each base unit meter must be equipped with a remote display adapter (PM8RDA). Remote display adapter alone PM8RDA When added to the front of the base unit (PM8xxU), the adapter brings two additional communication ports: one for the remote display and one 4wire/2-wire RS 485/RS 232. PB1018216 -34 Remote display adapter with display and a cable. Remote display adapter alone. PM8M26 module. Optionnal modules 2 digital outputs (relays), 2 digital inputs PM8M22 2 digital outputs (relays), 6 digital inputs PM8M26 2 digital outputs (relays), 2 digital inputs, 2 analog outputs, 2 analog inputs PM8M2222 PM810 optional logging module for on-board data recording, uses a nonvolatile, battery-backed internal clock PM810LOG RJ11 Extender kit to mount RJ11 jack in panel door (for use with PM800, CM3000, and CM4000 series meters) RJ11EXT Cable for remote display adapter 1.25 m (4 ft) CAB4 Cable for remote display adapter 3.65 m (12 ft) CAB12 Cable for remote display adapter 9.14 m (30 ft) CAB30 (1) Merlin Gerin brand not available in the United States. Power Meter PM800 with PM8M22 and PM8M26 modules. 45 Power-monitoring units Selection guide PM810 PM820 PM850 PM870 General Use on LV and HV systems Current and voltage accuracy b 0.1 % b 0.1 % b 0.1 % b 0.1 % Active energy accuracy 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.5 % 0.5 % Number of samples per cycle 128 128 128 128 Current, voltage, frequency b b b b Active, reactive, apparent power Power factor Total and per phase b b b b Total and per phase b b b b Active, reactive, apparent energy b b b b Configurable accumulation mode b b b b Present and max. values b b b b Active, reactive, Present and max. apparent power values Predicted active, reactive, apparent power b b b b b b b b Synchronisation of the measurement window b b b b Demand calculation mode Block, sliding and thermal b b b b b b b b b 31 (1) b 31 b 63 b 63 Instantaneous rms values Energy values Demand values Current Other measurements Hour counter Power quality measurements Harmonic distortion Current and voltage Individual harmonics Current and voltage Waveform capture - - - - b - b (2) Sag and swell detection b 2 (1) b 2 b 4 b 4 Event logs - b - b - b Trending / forecasting b b Alarms b b b b Time stamping b (1) b b b White backlit LCD display b b b b Multilingual: English, French, Spanish b 1 b 1 b 1 b 1 b Data recording Min/max of instantaneous values Data logs Power Meter Series 800. 1. Control power. 2. Voltage inputs. 3. Digital input/output. 4. RS 485 port. 5. Option module connector. 6. Current inputs. 7. Mounting clips. Display and I/O Digital inputs Digital outputs 1 1 1 1 Input metering capability (number of channels) 5 5 5 5 RS 485 port 2-wire 2-wire 2-wire 2-wire Modbus protocol b b b b b b Communication RS 232/RS 485, 2- or 4-wire Modbus RTU/ b b ASCII (with addition of PM8RDA module) (1) With PM810LOG, battery-backed internal clock and 80 kB memory. (2) Configurable. I/O selection guide The PM800 can be fitted with 2 optional modules, unless otherwise indicated (3) PM8M22 module 2 digital outputs (relays) for control or alarms 2 digital inputs for position monitoring PM8M26 module 2 digital outputs (relays) for control or alarms 6 digital inputs for position monitoring or pulse counting This module includes a 24 V DC power supply that can be used to Power the digital inputs PM8M2222 module 2 digital outputs (relays) for control or alarms 2 digital inputs for position monitoring or pulse counting 2 analog outputs 4-20 mA 2 analog inputs 0-5 V or 4-20 mA (3) When using two PM8M2222 the temperature should not exceed 25 °C. 46 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Electrical characteristics Current 63rd harmonic 128 samples per cycle 0.325 % from 1 A to 10 A Voltage 0.375 % from 50 V to 277 V Power Factor 0.1 % from 1 A to 10 A Type of measurement Measurement accuracy Power 0.2 % Frequency ±0.02 % from 45 to 67 Hz Active Energy IEC 62053-22 Class 0.5S Reactive Energy IEC 62053-23 Class 2 Data update Metering over-range 1s 0 to 600 V AC (direct L-L) 0 to 347 V AC (direct L-N) up to 3.2 MV AC (with external VT) 1.5 Un Impedance 5 M: Input-voltage Measured voltage characteristics Rear view of Power Meter Series 800. Frequency measurement range 45 to 67 Hz and 350 to 450 Hz Input-current CT ratings characteristics Primary Measurement input range Permissible overload Impedance Control Power Adjustable from 5 A to 32767 A Secondary 1 A or 5 A 5 mA to 10 A 15 A continuous 50 A for 10 seconds per hour 500 A for 1 second per hour < 0.1 : Load < 0.15 VA AC 100 to 415 ±10 % V AC, 15 VA with options DC 125 to 250 ±20 % V DC, 10 W with options Ride-through time 45 ms at 120 V AC Onboard Input/ Digital pulse output outputs PM800 Digital output (6 to 220 ±10 % V AC or 3 to 250 ±10 % V DC, 100 mA max. at 25 °C) 1350 V rms isolation 24 to 125 V AC/DC (±10 %) < 5 mA max. burden Digital input Options PM8M22 Relay outputs PM8M26 Relay outputs 6 to 240 V AC or 6 to 30 V DC 2 A rms, 5 A max. for 10 seconds per hour 19 to 30 V DC, 5 mA max. at 24 V DC Digital inputs 6 to 240 V AC, 6 to 30 V DC 2 A rms, 5 A max. for 10 seconds per hour 20 to 150 V AC/DC, 2 mA max. Digital inputs 24 V internal supply PM8M2222 Relay outputs Digital inputs Switching frequency 20 - 34 V DC, 10 mA max. (feeds 8 digital inputs) 6 to 240 V AC, 6 to 30 V DC 2 A rms, 5 A max. for 10 seconds per hour 20 to 150 V AC/DC, 2 mA max. Analog outputs 4-20 mA, burden 0 to 600 : max. Analog inputs Adjustable from 0 to 5 V DC or 4-20 mA PM8M22 Input/output 1 Hz, 50 % duty cycle (500 ms ON/OFF) PM8M26 and PM8M2222 Input Output 25 Hz, 50 % duty cycle (20 ms ON/OFF) 1 Hz, 50 % duty cycle (500 ms ON/OFF) Mechanical endurance (digital outputs) 15 million operations Electrical endurance (digital outputs) 250000 commutations at 2 A / 250 V AC Mechanical characteristics Weight (meter with integrated display) 0.6 kg IP degree of protection (IEC 60529) IP52 front display, IP30 meter body Dimensions Without options 96 x 96 x 70 mm (mounting surface) With 1 option 96 x 96 x 90 mm (mounting surface) Environmental conditions -25 °C to +70 °C (1) Operating temperature Meter Display -10 °C to +50 °C Storage temp. Meter + display -40 °C to +85 °C Humidity rating 5 to 95 % RH at 40 °C (non-condensing) Pollution degree 2 Installation category Dielectric withstand III, for distribution systems up to 347 V L-N / 600 V AC L-L As per EN 61010, UL508 Altitude 3000 m max. (1) 65 °C if control power is above 305 V AC. 47 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Level III (IEC 61000-4-2) Immunity to radiated fields Level III (IEC 61000-4-3) Immunity to fast transients Level III (IEC 61000-4-4) Immunity to impulse waves Level III (IEC 61000-4-5) Conducted immunity Level III (IEC 61000-4-6) Immunity to magnetic fields Level III (IEC 61000-4-8) Immunity to voltage dips Level III (IEC 61000-4-11) Conducted and radiated emissions Harmonics emissions e industrial environment/FCC part 15 class A EN 55011 IEC 61000-3-2 Flicker emissions IEC 61000-3-3 Safety PM800 Series with I/O module. Europe e, as per IEC 61010-1 i (1) U.S. and Canada UL508 Onboard communications RS 485 port 2-wire, up to 38400 baud, Modbus Firmware characteristics Data Logs Min./max. One event log Trend curves (PM850 and PM870 only) Hour counter Energy per interval Forecasting (PM850 and PM870 only) PM850 waveform capture PM870 enhanced waveform capture Alarms Memory available for logging and waveform capture (2) Firmware update Bar graphs PM810 with PM810LOG, PM820, PM850 and PM870: - 1 billing log - 1 customizable log PM850 and PM870 only: 2 additional custom logs Worst min. and max. with phase indication for Voltages, Currents, Voltage unbalance, and THD. Min. and max. values for power factor (True and Displacement), power (P, Q, S) and frequency Time stamping to 1 second Four trend curves: 1 minute, 1 hour, 1 day and 1 month. Min./ max./avg. values recorded for eight parameters: - every second for one minute for the 1-minute curve - every minute for one hour for the 1-hour curve - every hour for one day for the 1-day curve - every day for one month for the 1-month curve Load running time in days, hours and minutes Up to three user-defined intervals per day Available for all models (the PM810 requires the PM810LOG module) Forecasting of the values for the trended parameters for the next four hours and next four days Triggered manually or by alarm, 3-cycle, 128 samples/cycle on 6 user configurable channels From 185 cycles on 1 channel at 16 samples per cycle up to 3 cycles on 6 channels at 128 samples per cycle Adjustable pickup and dropout setpoints and time delays, numerous activation levels possible for a given type of alarm Historical and active alarm screens with time stamping Response time: 1 second Boolean combination of four alarms is possible using the operators NAND, OR, NOR and XOR on PM850 and PM870 Digital alarms: status change of digital inputs 80 kbytes in PM810 with PM810LOG and PM820 800 kbytes in PM850 and PM870 Update via the communication ports File download available free from powerlogic.com website Graphical representation of system performance Display characteristics PM800 Series display screen showing bar graphs. Languages English, French, Spanish Display screen Back-lit white LCD (6 lines total, 4 concurrent values) Dimensions Display screen viewable area 73 x 69 mm Integrated display Overall 96 x 96 mm Depth meter + display 69.4 mm + 17.8 mm Remote display Weight 96 x 96 x 40 mm 0.81 kg Remote display 0.23 kg (1) Protected throughout by double insulation. (2) Waveform capture with PM850 and PM870 only. 48 Overall Meter with remote display adapter Power Meter Series 800 Installation and connection Power meter with integrated display DB111766 Dimensions Front-panel mounting (meter with integrated display) Spacing between units DB111770 Power-monitoring units 49 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Installation and connection (cont.) Remote display door mounting Flush mounting Surface mount For mounting in a Ø102 cutout (to replace an analogue device: ammeter, voltmeter, etc.) 50 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Installation and connection (cont.) 4-wire connection with 3 CTs and no PT Connection example. 3-wire connection with 2 CTs and 2 PTs Connection example. (1) Functional earth terminal. Note: other types of connection are possible. See product documentation. 51 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Installation and connection (cont.) PM8M22 module PM8M2222 module 52 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Installation and connection (cont.) PM8M26 module internal 24 V DC power supply PM8M26 module external power supply 53 Power-monitoring units Power Meter Series 800 Installation and connection (cont.) Remote display kit A A. I/O modules B. Power meter 800 series (base unit) C. Remote display adapter D. CAB12 cable E. Remote display (rear view) E D C B Dimension (meter with I/O and remote display adapter) RX+ RX– TX+ TX– RX+ RX– TX+ TX– 24 23 22 21 20 3090 MCTAS485 TX / RX 4-wire connection (RS 485) of remote display adapter RX+ RX– TX+ TX– RX+ RX– TX+ TX– 24 23 22 21 20 TX / RX 2-wire connection (RS 485) of remote display adapter RX+ RX– TX+ TX– RX+ RX– TX+ TX– 2-wire daisy-chain connection of devices (RS 485) MCT2W terminator on the last device of the daisy chain Belden 9841 or equivalent – + Belden 9841 wire colors: blue with white stripe (+), white with blue stripe (–), and silver (shield) 4-wire daisy-chain connection of devices, connected to 2-wire Modbus or Jbus connection of devices (RS 485) Belden 8723 or equivalent From Master (Host) Device Jumpers Belden 9841 or equivalent 20 RX+ 18 21 RX– 19 – 22 TX+ 20 + 23 TX– 24 SHLD CM3000, CM400 or PM600 54 PM800 MCT2W terminator Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics 0 Used in enterprise energy management applications such as feeder monitoring and sub-metering, ION7300 series meters offer unmatched value, functionality, and ease of use. ION7300 series meters interface to ION Enterprise® software or other automation systems to give all users fast information sharing and analysis. ION7300 meters are an ideal replacement for analog meters, with a multitude of power and energy measurements, analog and digital I/O, communication ports, and industry-standard protocols. The ION7330 meter adds on-board data storage, emails of logged data, and an optional modem. The ION7350 meter is further augmented by more sophisticated power quality analysis, alarms and a call-back-on-alarm feature. Applications PowerLogic ION 7330. Power monitoring and control operations. IEC class 0,5S energy metering. Power quality analysis. Cost allocation and billing. Demand and power factor control. Load studies and circuit optimisation. Equipment monitoring and control. Preventative maintenance. Main characteristics Analyse power quality Use meter data to analyse problems and avoid repeat interruptions by uncovering the sources of harmonics and voltage dips and swells. Allocate costs Determine cost centers, identify opportunities for demand control, and check energy consumption patterns. Increase efficiency Determine the capacity of your electrical network and run at peak efficiency. Easy to read display An easy-to-read front panel with a back-lit LCD screen supports local data display and basic setup. Set automatic alarms Use configurable event priorities, logical operators, and setpoints to define alarm conditions and set alarms. Integrate with software Easily integrate ION7300 meters with an energy management or SCADA system to provide remote display at a PC workstation, as well as remote configuration and manual control capabilities. Notification of alarms via email Alarm notifications sent via email to any workstation, cell phone, pager, or PDA. Server for custom HTML pages An on-board Web server combined with an Ethernet port offers quick and easy access to real-time energy and basic power quality information without special software. Interoperability expands existing networks (ION7330/7350) The ION7330/ION7350 concurrently communicates via multiple protocols, allowing you to extend an existing Modbus, DNP, or Enterprise network. Monitor dips and swells Detect dips and swells on any voltage channel. Memory (ION7330/7350) Non-volatile memory (300kB) ensures that valuable information can be preserved between intervals. Part numbers ION7300 series ION7300 M7300 ION7330 M7330 ION7350 M7350 See page 6 for part number explanations. (1) Analog I/O is not available with all form factors and communications configurations. Please check our on-line order forms for supported configurations. 55 Power-monitoring units 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ION7300 series Functions and characteristics (cont.) Selection guide ION7300 ION7330 ION7350 General Use on LV and HV systems Current and voltage accuracy Energy and power accuracy Number of samples per cycle b 0.25% 1.5% reading 32 b 0.25% 1.5% reading 32 b 0.25% 1.5% reading 64 b b b b b b b - b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b 15th - b 15th - b 31st b b b - b 2 b b b b b b 6 b b b b b b b b 8 4 347/600V b b b 8 8 347/600V b b b 8 8 347/600V b b b b b b b b b b b b b b - b b b b b b b b - Instantaneous rms values Current, voltage, frequency b Active, reactive, apparent power Total and per phase b Power factor Total and per phase b Energy values Active, reactive, apparent energy Settable accumulation modes Demand values PowerLogic® ION7300/ION7330/ION7350 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Chassis Ground Analog Inputs Internal Modem Port Voltage Inputs Digital Outputs Current Inputs Digital Inputs RS-485 Bus Power Supply Ethernet Port IR Port Current Present and max. Active, reactive, apparent power Present and max. Predicted active, reactive, apparent power Synchronisation of the measurement window Setting of calculation mode Block, sliding Power quality measurements Harmonic distortion Current, voltage Individual harmonics Waveform capture Detection of voltage dips and swells Data recording Min/max of instantaneous values Data logs Event logs Trending / forecasting Alarms SER (sequence of event recording) Time stamping 300 Kbyte memory Display and I/O Display Wiring self-test Pulse output Digital outputs and pulse outputs Digital inputs Direct voltage connection (Wye/Delta) Communication Disturbance waveform capture and power quality report. 56 RS-485 port HTML page web server (WebMeter) Modbus protocol Ethernet (Modbus/TCP/IP protocols) Ethernet gateway (EtherGate) Internal modem Modem gateway (ModemGate) Infrared optical port Profibus DP port 0 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics (cont.) Electrical characteristics Type of measurement Measurement accuracy PowerLogic ION7300 switchboard meter. Current and voltage 0 True rms up to the 15th harmonic (31st for 7350) 32 samples/cycle (64 for 7350) 0.25% + 0.05% Power Apparent: 0.5% + 0.1% Reactive (>5% FS): 1.5% reading Frequency + 0.01 Hz Power factor (at Unity PF) + 1.5% reading kWh: IEC 60687 class 0.5S & ANSI C12.20 class 0.5 Energy1: kVAh: 1.0% reading kvarh: 1.5% reading Data update rate 1 second Input-voltage Measured voltage 50 - 347 VAC L-N characteristics Metering over-range 25% Overload withstand 1500 VAC continuous 3250 VAC for 1 second non-recurring Impedance >2 MOhms/phase (phase - Vref) Frequency measurement 40 - 70 Hz range Input-current CT ratings 5 A nominal / 10 A full scale characteristics Measurement range 20 mA - 10 A Overload withstand 20 A continuous 500 A for 1 second non-recurring Burden Worst case (at 10 A): 0.0625 VA Impedance > 2 MOhms/phase (phase-Vref) Power supply AC 95 - 240 VAC (+ 10%), (47 - 440 Hz) DC 120 - 310 VDC (+ 10%) 0.2 A worst case loading (12 W) at 100 VAC at 25°C P24 option 20 to 60 VDC (+ 10%) Input/outputs 4 Digital status inputs Self-excited (internal 30 VDC supply) (7330/7350) Min pulse width: 25 msec Max 40 transitions/sec 4 digital outputs Form A Solid State Max forward current: 80 mA Max voltage: 30 V 4 optional analog inputs 0-20 mA (scalable to 4-20 mA) option Input impedence: 24.3 Ohms Accuracy: < + 0.3% of full-scale Update rate: 1 second Max common mode voltage: 30 V Sample rate: 16 samples/second 0-1 mA option same as above except: Input impedence: 475 Ohms 4 optional analog 0-20 mA (scalable to 4-20 mA) option outputs Max load drive capability: 500 Ohms Accuracy: + 0.3% of full-scale Max common mode voltage: 30 V 0-1 mA option same as above except: Max load drive capability: 10 kOhms Mechanical characteristics Weight IP degree of protection Dimensions Standard model TRAN model 1.8 kg IEC 60529 96 x 96 x 162.2 mm 60 x 100 x 164.5 mm Environmental conditions Operating temperature Storage temperature Humidity rating Altitude Installation category Pollution degree Dielectric withstand Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Immunity to electromagnetic HF fields Immunity to fast transients Conducted and radiated emissions -20 to +60° C ambient air -30 to +85°C 5% to 95% non-condensing Less than 2000 m above sea level III, for distribution systems 2 As per IEC 61010, UL3111 EN 60687:1993 EN 60687:1993 IEC 61000-4-4 EN 55014-1:1993 Safety Europe IEC 1010-1 USA and Canada UL 3111 and CSA C22.2 No. 1010-1 (1) Accuracy specifications comply with IEC 687 class 0.5S specifications and ANSI 12.20 class 0.5 at 25ºC. 57 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics (cont.) Communication RS-485 ports Ethernet port (Modbus TCP protocol) Infrared optical port Internal modem1 PROFIBUS DP port (ION7300) Optically isolated Up to 19,200 bauds Protocols: ION, DNP 3.0, Modbus RTU, GPS Up to 10 Mbps With EtherGate Optional 10Base-T or 10Base-FL Front panel ANSI Type 2 Up to 19,200 bauds Protocols: ION, Modbus RTU, DNP 3.0 From 300 to 33,600 bauds ModemGate Call-back feature2 Up to 12 Mbps baud rate Firmware characteristics Data logs Example WebMeter page showing realtime values. Harmonic distortion Sag/swell detection Instantaneous Min/max logging Waveform captures Alarms Memory Scheduled or event driven 7330: Maximum of 2 data logs, 32 parameters 7350: Maximum of 6 data logs, 96 parameters Individual and total up to the 15th harmonic (31st for 7350) Detects dips and swells on any voltage channel (ION7350) True rms, per phase, and total for: - Voltage and current - Active (kW), reactive (kvar), and apparent (kVA) power - Power factor and frequency - Voltage and current unbalance Perform on any parameter, over any time interval Min and max values for all basic power parameters: - Voltage per phase - Current per phase - Active (kW), reactive (kvar), apparent (kVA) power - Power factor & frequency - Rolling block demand for kW, kvar, kVA Simultaneous capture of events on all channels. up to 48 cycles each, 64 samples/cycle. Maximum of 6,900 cycles for contiguous waveform capture Single- and multi-condition alarms, call-out on alarms, define alarms conditions with configurable event priorities ION7330, ION7350: 300 kB standard Display characteristics Integrated display 4-parameter to single parameter large character displays, back-lit LCD with adjustible contrast English Languages (1) Available with ION7330/7350 only (2) Call-back feature on ION7350 only 58 0 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics (cont.) 1 Part numbers Item Model 2 Form factor 3 4 Current inputs Voltage inputs 5 Power supply 6 System frequency Example and explanation of product part number. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Model. Form factor. Current inputs. Voltage inputs. Power supply. System frequency. Communications. Inputs/outputs. Security. Special order. 0 Code Description M7350 ION7350: Advanced power meter with basic sag/swell detection, waveform recording, harmonics (up to the 31st), high-speed data logging and automatic modem dial-out, multiport communications, 4 digital inputs and 4 digital outputs. M7330 ION7330: Advanced power meter with over 200 highaccuracy, 3-phase measurements, data logging, multiport communications, 4 digital inputs and 4 outputs M7300 ION7300: Advanced power meter with over 100 high accuracy, 3-phase measurements, 1 RS-485 communication port and 4 digital outputs. Supports ION and Modbus-RTU protocols. A0 Integrated display, with front optical port A2 Same as A0, but with CWC (captured wire connector); max 277 VAC on voltage inputs A6 Same as A0, but meter installed in S1 switchboard retrofit cage (with cover and casing) A7 Same as A0, but meter installed in FT21 (D4B-7F, D4B-3F) switchboard retrofit cage (with cover and casing) A8 Same as A0, but meter installed in S1 switchboard retrofit cage (with cover, but no casing) A9 Same as A0, but meter installed in FT21 (D4B-7F, D4B-3F) switchboard retrofit cage (with cover, but no casing) R0 Transducer with RMD (remote display), with front optical port. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. D0 Integrated display-only model. No communications. No digital outputs, no analog inputs or outputs). Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. ION7300 model only D2 Same as D0, but with CWC (captured wire connector) inputs. Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICANSEAL. ION7300 model only. R0 Transducer with RMD (remote display), with front optical port. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. R1 Same as R0, but with DIN rail mounts on the transducer. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. R2 Same as R0, but with CWC (captured wire connector) inputs on the transducer; maximum 277 VAC on voltage inputs. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. R3 Same as R0, but with DIN rail mounts and CWC (captured wire connector) inputs on the transducer; maximum 277 VAC on voltage inputs. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. T0 Transducer (no display). Note you cannot use an RMD on this meter if you order the Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. T1 Transducer (no display) with DIN rail mount. Note you cannot use an RMD on this meter if you order the Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. T2 Transducer (no display) with CWC (captured wire connector) inputs; maximum 277VAC on voltage inputs. Note you cannot use an RMD on this meter if you order the Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. T3 Transducer (no display) with DIN rail mount and CWC (captured wire connector) inputs; maximum 277VAC on voltage inputs. Note you cannot use an RMD on this meter if you order the Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. B 5 Amp nominal, 10 Amp full scale current input 0 Autoranging (50 to 347 VAC +25%) Warning: Maximum 277 VAC for CWC connector type. B P240 power supply (95-240 VAC/47-4f40 Hz/120-310 VDC) C P24 power supply (20 to 65 VDC) 0 Autoranging (50 and 60 Hz) 59 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics (cont.) 7 Part numbers (cont’d) Item Code Communications Z0 A0 C1 C3 M1 M3 E0 P0 8 Inputs/Outputs A D E J K M N 9 Security 0 2 3 4 6 10 Special order A B C D Description No communications. You must choose this option if you selected Display model (Form Factor D0 or D2 above). One RS-485 port (if ION7300), two RS-485 ports (if ION7330 or ION 7350) One RS-485 EtherGate port, one RS-485 ModemGate port, 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45), 33.6k universal internal modem. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. Same as C1, but with CWC (captured wire connectors) for the modem. DOES NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. One 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11) port, one RS-485 port, one RS-485 ModemGate port. Same as M1, but with CWC (captured wire connectors) for the modem. One RS-485 port, one 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) One RS-485 port, one Profibus communications. Available only on Integrated Display models (Form Factor type "A" only). No analog inputs/outputs. You must choose this option if ordering Display-only or RMD remote display options (Form Factor types "D" or "R"), or Ethernet or Profibus port options (Communications options "E0", or "P0"). Four 0 to 1 mA analog inputs. NOT AVAILABLE with RMD or Ethernet options Four 0 to 20 mA analog inputs. NOT AVAILABLE with RMD or Ethernet options Four 0 to 1 mA analog outputs. NOT AVAILABLE with RMD or Ethernet options Four 0 to 20 mA analog outputs. NOT AVAILABLE with RMD or Ethernet options Four 0 to 1 mA analog inputs & four 0 to 1 mA analog outputs. NOT AVAILABLE with RMD or Ethernet options Four 0 to 20 mA analog inputs & four 0 to 20 mA analog outputs. NOT AVAILABLE with RMD or Ethernet options Password protected, no hardware lock Password protected with hardware lock enabled (ION7300, ION7330 models only) RMICAN Measurement Canada approved (ION7300, ION7330 models only) RMICAN-SEAL Measurement Canada approved, factory sealed(1) Password protected with security lock enabled, terminal cover and UK OFGEM labels None Pre-set to MODBUS (available for Form Factor T0, T1, T2 and T3 only). Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. Tropicalisation treatment applied Tropicalisation treatment applied and pre-set to MODBUS (available for Form Factor T0, T1, T2 and T3 only). Not available with Security options RMICAN or RMICAN-SEAL. (1)A completed ION7300 series RMICAN-SEAL checklist must accompany each RMICANSEAL meter order. 60 0 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics (cont.) 0 Part numbers (cont’d) Transducer unit ION7300 TRAN ION7330 TRAN PowerLogic ION7300 TRAN ION7350 TRAN Communications ION7300 No display With DIN rail mount With CWC inputs; max 277 VAC on voltage inputs With DIN rail mount & CWC inputs; max 277 VAC on voltage inputs No display With DIN rail mount With CWC inputs; max 277 VAC on voltage inputs With DIN rail mount & CWC inputs; max 277 VAC on voltage inputs No display With DIN rail mount With CWC inputs; max 277 VAC on voltage inputs With DIN rail mount & CWC inputs; max 277 VAC on voltage inputs No communications. (You must choose this option if you selected Display model) One RS-485 port One RS-485 port, one 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) One RS-485 port, one Profibus communications. (Available only on integrated display models) ION7330 Two RS-485 ports One RS-485 EtherGate port, one RS-485 ModemGate port, 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45), 33.6k universal internal modem1 Same as C1, but with CWC for the modem1 One 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) port, one RS485 port, one RS485 EtherGate port1 One 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11) port, one RS-485 port, one RS-485 ModemGate port Same as M1, but with CWC for the modem ION7350 Two RS-485 ports One RS-485 EtherGate port, one RS-485 ModemGate port, 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45), 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11)1 Same as C1, but with CWC for the modem1 One 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) port, one RS485 port, one RS-485 EtherGate port1 One 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11) port, one RS-485 port, one RS-485 ModemGate port Same as M1, but with CWC for the modem (1) Does NOT support Analog Input and/or Analog Output options. T0 T1 T2 T3 T0 T1 T2 T3 T0 T1 T2 T3 Z0 A0 E0 P0 A0 C1 C3 E0 M1 M3 A0 C1 C3 E0 M1 M3 61 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Functions and characteristics 0 Relay extension board (REB) Relay expansion board: 4-position Grayhill I/O board and external P240 power supply. Same as REB, but comes with 20-60VDC power supply instead. REB REB-P24/48 Output modules for external I/O card (REB) ION7300 relay extension board (REB) 120 VAC, 3.5A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module 120 VAC, 3.5A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module with manual override 240 VAC, 3.5A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module 240 VAC, 3.5A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module with manual override 60 VDC, 3.5A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module 60 VDC, 3.5A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module with manual override 60 VDC, 1.0A, low leakage, N.O. solid state relay digital output module 200 VDC, 1.0A, N.O. solid state relay digital output module 100 VDC, 0.5A, N.O. mechanical relay digital output module GDOAC120 GDOAC120MO GDOAC240 GDOAC240MO GDODC60 GDODC60MO GDODC60L GDODC200 GDODC100M Adapter plates Adapter plate enabling an ION7300 series meter to fit a 3710/3720 panel cutout Adapter plate to mount an ION7300 series meter in an ANSI C39.1 (round hole) cutout ADPT-37XX73XX RAP Switchboard meter casing S1 switchboard meter casing FT21 switchboard meter casing 73XXCS-S1 73XXCS-FT21 Remote modular display Remote Modular Display with 6 foot DB25 cable Remote Modular Display with 6 foot DB25 cable Remote Modular Display with 6 foot DB25 cable RMD-7300 RMD-7330 RMD-7350 Terminal strip cover. Terminal strip cover. TERMCVR-73XX DB9 optical probe Optical probe (DB-9) for use with ION7300 series meters. OPTICALPROBE Water resistant gasket Terminal strip cover. 62 Water resistant gasket GSKT Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Installation and connection 0 ION7300 series dimensions 86 96 162 96 ION7300 series TRAN dimensions 60 86 6 100 164 ION7300 series RMD dimensions 86 96 37 96 Ethernet port location (if equipped) 17 73 14 57 Internal modem port location (if equipped) 14 13 31 34 63 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Installation and Connection (cont.) Front panel mounting 64 0 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Installation and connection (cont.) 0 4-wire wye, 3 element, direct connection LOAD LINE L1 L2 L3 Fuse for N/- terminal required if its supply source is ungrounded Connect G terminal to ground for AC power source 347 V L-N or 600 V L-L max. VOLTS MODE = 4W-WYE Connection representation only. Other types of connection are possible. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. 3-wire grounded wye, 3-element, direct connection L2 L3 LOAD L1 Fuse for N/- terminal required if its supply source is ungrounded Connect G terminal to ground for AC power source Phase B voltage (V2) is derived from phase A and C voltages. Use PTs for voltages over 347 L-N or 600 V L-L Connection representation only. Other types of connection are possible. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. Single phase connection L2 LOAD L1 Fuse for N/- terminal required if its supply source is ungrounded Connect G terminal to ground for AC power source For this configuration ONLY, the 208 V line-to-line voltage inputs can be used with 240 V line-toline systems. VOLTS MODE = SINGLE Connection representation only. Other types of connection are possible. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. 65 Power-monitoring units ION7300 series Installation and connection (cont.) 0 Form A digital outputs application Digital Outputs C V+ (maximum 30 V) D1 Relays D2 Internal Circuit C (+) D3 D1 D4 Note: Mechanical relays should always be protected by external fuses. Use only Schneider Electric approved external relays Digital input application Digital inputs S1 S2 Optically coupled solid state relay 30 VDC Internal Supply R S1 S3 C (+) S4 Internal Circuit C Analog input application mA mV Thermocoupler Voltage-toCurrent Transducer Meter + AI1 - Example application - temperature sensing Analog output application Meter Analog Meter Example application - driving an analog meter with the DC current output 66 External Dry Contacts Polarity for SSR contact shown I Power-monitoring units ION7550 / ION7650 Functions and characteristics 0 Used at key distribution points and sensitive loads, ION7550 and ION7650 meters offer unmatched functionality including advanced power quality analysis coupled with revenue accuracy, multiple communications options, web compatibility, and control capabilities. Integrate these meters with our PowerLogic® ION Enterprise software or share operations data with existing SCADA systems through multiple communication channels and protocols. Applications PowerLogic ION 7650. Reduce energy costs. Increase equipment utilisation. Comply with environmental and regulatory requirements. Improve power quality and reliability. Improve customer satisfaction and retention. Monitor and control equipment. Integrated utility metering. Instrument transformer correction. Main characteristics Increase efficiency Reveal energy inefficiencies or waste and optimise equipment operation to increase efficiency. Allocate costs Allocate or sub-bill energy costs to departments, processes or tenants. Summarise power quality Consolidate all the power quality characteristics into a single trendable index. Anticipate, diagnose and verify Isolate reliability risks, diagnose power-related equipment issues and verify reliable operation. Set targets, measure and verify results Benchmark power quality and reliability and compare against standards, or compare facilities or processes. Easy to operate Screen-based menu system to configure meter settings. Bright LCD display with adjustable contrast. Integrate with software Easily integrated with PowerLogic or other energy management systems, including Itron MV-90. Detect and capture short transients as short as 20μs at 50Hz (17μs at 60 Hz) Identify problems due to short disturbances, e.g. switching of capacitors, etc. Evaluate flicker based on IEC 61000-4-15 and IEEE 1453 Measure rapid variations in voltage. Verify electrical quality compliance with EN 50160 Fast standardised check on the quality of the electricity supplied. Detect major waveform changes Detection of phase switching phenomena (for example during the transfer of a highspeed static switch) not detected by classical threshold-based alarms. Record ultra-fast electrical parameters every 100 ms or every cycle Preventive maintenance: acquisition of a motor startup curve, etc. Trend curves and short-term forecasting Rapid trending and forecasting of upcoming values for better decision making. Set automatic alarms Alarm setpoint learning feature for optimum threshold settings. Up to 10 Mbytes of memory For archiving of data and waveforms. Notify alarms via email High-priority alarms sent directly to the user's PC. Instant notification of power quality events by email. Part numbers ION7550 / ION7650 ION7550 ION7650 See page 6 for order code explanations. M7550 M7650 67 Power-monitoring units ION7550 / ION7650 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Selection guide 0 ION7550 ION7650 General Use on LV and HV systems Current accuracy (1A to 5A) Voltage accuracy (57V to 288V) Energy accuracy Nbr of samples/cycle or sample frequency b 0.1 % reading 0.1 % reading 0.2 % 256 b 0.1 % reading 0.1 % reading 0.2 % 1024 b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b 63 127 b b b 20 μs1 b b b b 63 511 b b b 20 μs1 b b b b b b b b b b b 10 b b b b b b b 10 b b 1 24 30 b b 1 24 30 1 1 1 b 1 1 b b b 1 b b 1 1 1 b 1 1 b b b 1 b b Instantaneous rms values Current, voltage, frequency Active, reactive, apparent power Total and per phase Power factor Total and per phase Current measurement range extended to 500 A for 1 second(2) Energy values Active, reactive, apparent energy Settable accumulation modes Demand values PowerLogic® ION7550 / ION7650. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Current/voltage inputs. I/O expansion card. Digital inputs. Analog inputs. Analog outputs. Communications card. Power supply. Form C digital outputs. Digital inputs. Form A digital outputs. Current Present and max. values Active, reactive, apparent power Present and max. values Predicted active, reactive, apparent power Synchronisation of the measurement window Setting of calculation mode Block, sliding Power quality measurements Harmonic distortion Individual harmonics Current and voltage Via front panel Via ION Enterprise Waveform capture Detection of voltage swells and sags Adaptive waveform capture (up to 64 s) Detection and capture of transients Flicker Fast acquisition of 100 ms or 20 ms data EN50160 compliance checking Programmable (logic and math functions) Data recording Min/max of instantaneous values Data logs Event logs Trending/forecasting SER (Sequence of event recording) Time stamping GPS synchronisation (1 ms) Memory (in Mbytes) Display and I/O Front panel display Wiring self-test Pulse output Digital or analogue inputs(max) Digital or analogue outputs (max, including pulse output) Communication Disturbance waveform capture and power quality report 68 RS 485 port RS 485 / RS 232 port Optical port Modbus protocol Ethernet port (Modbus/TCP/IP protocol) Ethernet gateway (EtherGate) Alarms (optional automatic alarm setting Alarm notification via email ([email protected]) HTML web page server (WebMeter) Internal modem Modem gateway (ModemGate) DNP 3.0 through serial, modem, and I/R ports (1) For 50 Hz line frequency; 17μs for 60 Hz line frequency. (2) Standard current range only. 50 A for optional current range. Power-monitoring units ION7550 / ION7650 Functions and characteristics (cont.) 0 Electrical characteristics PowerLogic ION7550 Type of measurement Measurement Current and voltage accuracy Power Frequency Power factor Energy: Data update rate Input-voltage Measured voltage characteristics Measurement range Impedance Frequency measurement range Input-current Rated nominal current characteristics Measurement range Permissible overload Impedance Burden Power supply AC DC DC low voltage (optional) Ride-through time Burden Input/outputs(1) Standard Optional True rms up to 1024 samples per cycle ±0.01% of reading + ±0.025% of full scale ±0.075% of reading + ±0.025% of full scale ±0.005Hz ±0.002 from 0.5 leading to 0.5 lagging IEC62053-22 0,2S, 1A and 5A 1/2 cycle or 1 second Autoranging 57V through 347V LN / 600V LL 85 to 240VAC and 110 to 330VDC 5 M:/phase (phase - Vref) 47 to 63Hz 1A, 2A, 5A, 10A 0.005 - 20 A autoranging (standard range) 0.001 - 10 A autoranging (optional range) 500 A rms for 1 s, non-recurring (at 5A) 50 A rms for 1s, non-recurring (at 1A) 0.002 : per phase (5A) 0.015 : per phase (1A) 0.05 VA per phase (at 5 A) 0.015 VA per phase (at 1 A) 85-240 V AC ±10% (47-63 Hz) 110-300 V DC ±10% 20-60 V DC ±10% 100 ms (6 cycles at 60 Hz) min. at 120 V DC Standard: typical 15 VA, max 35 VA Low voltage DC: typical 12 VA, max 18 VA 8 digital inputs (120 V DC) 3 relay outputs (250 V AC / 30 V DC) 4 digital outputs (solid state) 8 additional digital inputs 4 analog outputs, and/or 4 analog inputs Mechanical characteristics Weight IP degree of protection (IEC 60529) Dimensions Standard model TRAN model 1.9 kg IP52 192 x 192 x 159 mm 235.5 x 216.3 x 133.1 mm Environmental conditions Operating temperature Standard power supply Low voltage DC supply Display operating range Display, TRAN Storage temperature Humidity rating Installation category Dielectric withstand Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated fields Immunity to fast transients Immunity to surges Conducted and radiated emissions -20 to +70ºC -20 to +50ºC -20 to +70ºC -40 to +85ºC 5 to 95% non-condensing III (2000m above sea level) As per EN 61010-1, IEC 62051-22A(2) IEC 61000-4-2 IEC 61000-4-3 IEC 61000-4-4 IEC 61000-4-5 CISPR 22 Safety Europe IEC 61010-1 (1) Consult the ION7550 / ION7650 installation guide for complete specifications. (2) IEC 62051-22B with serial ports only. 69 Power-monitoring units ION7550 / ION7650 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Communication RS 232/485 port (1) RS 485 port (1) Infrared port(1) Ethernet port Fibre-optic Ethernet link Protocol EtherGate ModemGate WebMeter Example WebMeter page showing realtime values. Up to 115,200 bauds (57,600 bauds for RS 485), ION, DNP 3.0, Modbus, GPS, EtherGate, ModemGate, Modbus Master Up to 57,600 bauds, ION, DNP 3.0, Modbus, GPS, EtherGate, ModemGate, Modbus Master ANSI type 2, up to 19,200 bauds, ION, Modbus, DNP 3.0 10 BaseT, RJ45 connector, 100 m link 10 Base FL, LC duplex connector, 1300 nm, FO multimode with gradient index 62.5/125 μm or 50/125 μm, 2000 m link ION, Modbus, TCP/IP, DNP 3.0, Telnet Communicates directly with up to 62 slave devices via available serial ports Communicates directly with up to 31 slave devices 5 customisable pages, new page creation capabilities, HTML/XML compatible Firmware characteristics High-speed data recording Harmonic distortion Sag/swell detection Instantaneous Load profiling Trend curves Waveform captures Alarms Advanced security Transformer correction Memory Firmware update Down to 5ms interval burst recording, stores detailed characteristics of disturbances or outages. Trigger recording by a user-defined setpoint, or from external equipment. Up to 63rd harmonic (511th for ION7650 via ION Enterprise software) for all voltage and current inputs Analyse severity/potential impact of sags and swells: - magnitude and duration data suitable for plotting on voltage tolerance curves - per phase triggers for waveform recording or control operations High accuracy (1s) or high-speed (1/2 cycle) measurements, including true rms per phase / total for: - voltage and current - active power (kW) and reactive power (kvar) - apparent power (kVA) - power factor and frequency - voltage and current unbalance - phase reversal Channel assignments (800 channels via 50 data recorders) are configurable for any measurable parameter, including historical trend recording of energy, demand, voltage, current, power quality, or any measured parameter. Trigger recorders based on time interval, calendar schedule, alarm/event condition, or manually. Access historical data at the front panel. Display, trend and continuously update historical data with date and timestamps for up to four parameters simultaneously. Simultaneous capture of all voltage and current channels - sub-cycle disturbance capture - maximum cycles is 214,000 (16 samples/cycle x 96 cycles, 10Mbytes memory) - 256 samples/cycle (ION7550) - 512 samples/cycle standard, 1024 samples/cycle optional (ION7650) Threshold alarms: - adjustable pickup and dropout setpoints and time delays, numerous activation levels possible for a given type of alarm - user-defined priority levels - boolean combination of alarms is possible using the operators NAND, OR, NOR and XOR Up to 16 users with unique access rights. Perform resets, time syncs, or meter configurations based on user privileges Correct for phase / magnitude inaccuracies in current transformers (CTs), potential transformers (PTs) 5 to 10 Mbytes (specified at time of order) Update via the communication ports Display characteristics Example showing instantaneous values and alarm. 70 Integrated display Back lit LCD, configurable screens Languages English (1) All the communication ports may be used simultaneously. 0 ION7550 / ION7650 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Power-monitoring units 0 Part numbers 1 Item Code Description Model M7650 Advanced meter with wide-range voltage inputs (57-347V lineneutral or 100-600V line-line), transient detection, data and waveform recording. Supports ION, Modbus-RTU, and DNP 3.0. M7550 Advanced meter with wide-range voltage inputs (57-347V lineneutral or 100-600V line-line), sag/swell detection, data and waveform recording, and 256 samples/cycle resolution. Integrated display with front optical port, 5 MB logging memory, and 512 samples/cycle resolution. ION7650 only. Integrated display with front optical port, 5 MB logging memory, and 1024 samples/cycle resolution. Integrated display with front optical port, 10 MB logging memory, and 512 samples/cycle resolution. ION7650 only. Integrated display with front optical port, 10 MB logging memory, and 1024 samples/cycle resolution. Transducer (no display) version, with 5 MB logging memory, and 512 samples/cycle resolution. ION7650 only. Transducer (no display) version, with 5 MB logging memory, and 1024 samples/cycle resolution. Transducer (no display) version, with 10 MB logging memory, and 512 samples/cycle resolution. ION7650 only. Transducer (no display) version, with 10 MB logging memory, and 1024 samples/cycle resolution. 5 Amp nominal, 20 Amp full scale current input 1 Amp nominal, 10 Amp full scale current input Current Probe Inputs (for use with 0-1 VAC current probes; probes sold separately) Current Probe Inputs with three Universal Technic 10A clamp on CTs; meets IEC 1036 accuracy 57 to 347 VAC line-to-neutral / 100 to 600 VAC line-to-line Standard power supply (85-240 VAC, ±10%/47-63 Hz / 110-330 VDC, ±10%) Low voltage DC power supply (20-60 VDC) Calibrated for 50 Hz systems Calibrated for 60 Hz systems Standard communications (1 RS-232/RS-485 port, 1 RS-485 port). Integrated display models also include 1 ANSI Type 2 optical communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45), 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11). Ethernet and modem gateway functions each use a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) and 10BaseFL Ethernet fibre, 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11). Ethernet and modem gateway functions each use a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45). Ethernet gateway function uses a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) and 10Base-FL (ST male fibre optic connection). Ethernet gateway function uses a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11). Modem gateway function uses a serial communications port. Standard I/O (8 digital inputs, 3 Form C relays, 4 Form A solid-state outputs) Standard I/O plus Expansion I/O card (8 additional digital inputs & four 0 to 1 mA analog inputs) Standard I/O plus Expansion I/O card (8 additional digital inputs & four 0 to 20 mA analog inputs) Standard I/O plus Expansion I/O card (8 additional digital inputs & four -1 to 1 mA analog outputs) Standard I/O plus Expansion I/O card (8 additional digital inputs & four 0 to 20 mA analog outputs) Standard I/O plus Expansion I/O card (8 additional digital inputs & four 0 to 20 mA analog inputs and four 0 to 20 mA outputs) Standard I/O plus Expansion I/O card (8 additional digital inputs & four 0 to 1 analog inputs and four -1 to 1 mA analog outputs) Password protected, no hardware lock Password protected and hardware lockable (lock enabled/disabled via jumper on comm card) None Tropicalisation treatment applied. EN50160 compliance monitoring, no tropicalisation treatment EN50160 compliance monitoring, with tropicalisation treatment M Example ION7650 product part number. 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Form Factor Model. Form factor. Current Inputs. Voltage Inputs. Power supply. System frequency. Communications. Inputs/outputs. Security. Special order. A0 A1 B0 B1 T0 T1 U0 U1 3 Current Inputs C E F G 4 5 Voltage Inputs Power Supply 0 B 6 System Frequency 7 Communications C 5 6 A0 C1 D1 E0 F0 M1 8 I/O A D E H K N P 9 Security 10 Special Order 0 1 A C E F 71 ION7650 / ION7550 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Power-monitoring units 0 Part numbers (cont’d) Communications Card Item 1 P C1 2 Comm card Type Example order code. Use this group of codes when ordering the ION7550/7650 communications or I/O cards. Code Description P760C ION7550 / ION7650 communication card for field retrofit installations Standard communications (1 RS-232/RS-485 port, 1 RS-485 port). Front optical port support for meters with integrated display. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45), 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11; the modem port is shared with the front optical port). Ethernet and modem gateway functions each use a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet, 10BaseFL Ethernet fibre, 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11; the modem port is shared with the front optical port). Ethernet and modem gateway functions each use a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet. Ethernet gateway function uses a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet, 10BaseFL Ethernet fibre. Ethernet gateway function uses a serial communications port. Standard communications plus 33.6k universal internal modem (RJ11; the modem port is shared with the front optical port). Modem gateway function uses a serial communications port. None Tropicalization treatment applied A0 C1 1 Communications or I/O card. 2 Type 3 Special order. D1 E0 F0 M1 3 Special order A C Input/Output expansion card Item Code I/O card Type P760A D E H K N P Special Order P o w e r L o g i c A C Description Expansion I/O for field retrofit installations. Expansion I/O card with eight digital inputs, four 0 to 1 mA analog inputs Expansion I/O card with eight digital inputs, four 0 to 20 mA analog inputs Expansion I/O card with eight digital inputs, four -1 to 1 mA analog outputs Expansion I/O card with eight digital inputs, four 0 to 20 mA analog outputs Expansion I/O card with eight digital inputs, four 0 to 20 mA analog inputs & four 0 to 20 mA outputs Expansion I/O card with eight digital inputs, four 0 to 1 analog inputs and four -1 to 1 mA analog outputs None Tropicalization treatment applied Transducer unit (TRAN) Item ION7550 TRAN ION7650 TRAN Code Description T0 U0 T0 T1 U0 U1 ION7550 TRAN (no display), 5MB memory ION7550 TRAN (no display), 10MB memory ION7650 TRAN (no display), 5MB memory ION7650 TRAN (no display), 10MB memory, 1024 samples/cycle ION7650 TRAN (no display), 10MB memory ION7650 TRAN (no display), 10MB memory, 1024 samples/cycle Code Description Two covers: one for the strip containing the relays and digital inputs (lower), and another for the strip containing the phase current and voltage inputs (upper). Terminal covers ION7550 TRAN 72 Item Terminal covers TERM CVR7500 Power-monitoring units ION7550 / ION7650 Installation and connection 0 ION7550/ION7650 dimensions ION7550 / ION7650 TRAN dimensions Front-panel mounting 73 ION7550 / ION7650 Installation and connection (cont.) Power-monitoring units 4-wire direct connections N L1 L2 L3 Fuse for N/- required if neutral is ungrounded Protection (3A) Power supply L/+ N/V1 Protection (2A) V2 V3 V4 Vref Connect G terminal to ground for AC power source I11 I12 Shorting block I21 I22 I31 I32 I41 I42 } I4 optional I51 I52 Connection representation only. Other types of connection are possible. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. 4-wire 3 element connection with 4 CTs and 3 PT N L1 L2 L3 Fuse for N/- required if neutral is ungrounded Protection (3A) Power supply L/+ N/V1 Protection (2A) V2 V3 V4 Connect G terminal to ground for AC power source Vref I11 I12 Shorting block I21 I22 I31 I32 I41 I42 } I4 optional I51 I52 Connection representation only. Other types of connection are possible. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. 74 ION7550 / ION7650 Installation and connection (cont.) Form C digital outputs: mechanical relays R1 - R3 Form C Relay ION7550 / ION7650 NO K NC R11 R13 R12 R 11 R 12 R 13 R 21 Load Alarm Lamp External Supply Note: Mechanical relays should always be protected by external fuses Form A digital outputs: solid state relays D1 - D4 ION7550 / ION7650 _ + _ _ _ + D1 + D1 + + _ _ _ + + D2 _ D3 Form A Relay + Power-monitoring units DIGITAL OUTPUTS D4 - + D3 - + D2 - + D1 - + External Supply 30VDC max External Relays 1.8 Wh Note: D4 output is factory-configured to pulse once every 1.8 Wh for Class 20 meters, or once every 0.18Wh for Class 2 meters (for calibration testing purposes). Digital inputs: S1 - S8 Internal Excitation ION7550 / ION7650 _ + _ + External Excitation ION7550 / ION7650 _ S7 + _ S8 SCOM + 30 VDC + _ S7 S8 30 VDC + Opticallycoupled switch + _ _ Optically- SCOM coupled switch Note: External Supply = 130 VDC max Digital inputs: DI1 - DI8 (option) Internal Excitation ION7550 / ION7650 _ + _ + External Excitation ION7550 / ION7650 _ DI7 + _ DI8 DICOM + DI8 30 VDC + 30 VDC + _ DI7 Opticallycoupled switch + _ DICOM _ Opticallycoupled switch Note: External Supply = 50 VDC max 75 Power-monitoring units ION7550 / ION7650 Installation and connection (cont.) Analog inputs: AI1 to AI4 (option) ION7550 / ION7650 Voltage-toCurrent Transducer AI3 Thermocoupler + - Example application: temperature sensing AI4 AI3 AI2 AI1 Note: do not connect the analog inputs of the I/O card to the analog outputs on the same I/O card. Analog outputs: AO1 to AO4 (option) ION7550 / ION7650 AO3 Analog meter Example application: driving an analog meter with the DC current output OUT COM AO4 A03 A02 AO1 Note: do not connect the analog inputs of the I/O card to the analog outputs on the same I/O card. 76 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Functions and characteristics 0 Providing high accuracy and a wide range of features for transmission and distribution metering, the ION8800 is the world’s most advanced power and energy meter with the flexibility to change along with your needs. The ION8800 provides the tools necessary to: b manage energy procurement and supply contracts b perform network capacity planning and stability analysis b monitor power quality compliance, supply agreements, and regulatory requirements. Integrate the meter with your existing wholesale settlement system, use ION Enterprise®, or share operations data with SCADA systems through multiple communication channels and protocols. Applications PowerLogic® ION8800. Transmission and distribution metering. IEC 62053-22 Class 0,2S accuracy for settlements and customer billing. Extensive power quality monitoring and analysis. Digital fault recording. Contract optimisation and compliance verification. Instrument transformer correction. Transformer/line loss compensation. Main characteristics IEC 19-inch rack mount design to DIN 43862 standard Essailec connectors with common measurement and energy pulsing pin-out for easy retrofit into existing systems Accurate metering For interconnection points on medium, high, and ultra-high voltage networks in compliance with IEC 62053-22 Class 0,2S Power quality compliance monitoring Monitor compliance with internationl quality-of-supply standards (IEC 61000-4-30 class A, EN 50160, IEC 61000-4-7, IEC 61000-4-15, CBEMA/ITIC) Digital fault recording Simultaneous capture of voltage and current channels for sub-cycle disturbance transients Complete communications IEC1107 optical port, optional communications module supports concurrent Ethernet (10BaseFL or 10BaseT), serial, and modem communications Multiple tariffs and time-of-use Apply tariffs, seasonal rate schedules to measure energy and demand values for time periods with specific billing requirements Multiple setpoints for alarm and control functions Total of 24 setpoints for single/multi-condition alarms and control functions; 1 second response Power quality summary Consolidation of all the power quality characteristics into a single trendable index Integrate with software Easily integrate with ION Enterprise or other energy management systems; MV90, UTS Transformer/line loss compensation Determine technical system losses in real time Instrument transformer correction Save money and improve accuracy by correcting for less accurate transformers Alarm notification via email High-priority alarms, data logs sent directly to the user's PC. Instant notification of power quality events by email Part numbers(1) PowerLogic® ION8800 meters PowerLogic® ION8800A M8800A PowerLogic® ION8800B M8800B PowerLogic® ION8800C M8800C (1)Representative part numbers only. See page 6 for complete part number descriptions. 77 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Selection guide ION8800A ION8800C ION8800B General Use on LV and HV systems Current accuracy (1A to 5A) Voltage accuracy (57V to 288V) Energy and power accuracy Nbr of samples/cycle or sample frequency b 0.1 % reading 0.1 % reading 0.2 % 1024 b 0.1 % reading 0.1 % reading 0.2 % 1024 b b b 0.001 - 10A 0.005 - 10A b b b 0.001 - 10A 0.005 - 10A b b b b b b b b b b b b b b 20 (2) 63rd 50th b b b b 63rd b b 800 (2) 640(3) 96 (2) 0.001 ½ cycle 65 b 10 Mbytes b 32 0.001 ½ cycle 65 b 10 Mbytes b b 8 4 1 3 b b 8 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 b b b b b b b b b b 1 1 1 1 1 b b b b b b b b b Instantaneous rms values Current, voltage, frequency Active, reactive, apparent power Total and per phase Power factor Total and per phase Current measurement range (low-current option) Current measurement range (high-current option) Energy values PowerLogic® ION8800 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Optional communications module. Essailec connectors. Internal modem. Optional 10BaseT or 10BaseFL communications. Selectable RS 485 serial port. Selectable RS 232 or RS 485 serial port. Ground terminal. Active, reactive, apparent energy Settable accumulation modes Demand values Current Active, reactive, apparent Predicted active, reactive, apparent Setting of calculation mode (block, sliding, thermal, predicted) Power quality measurements Detection of voltage sags and swells Symmetrical components: zero, positive, negative Transient detection, microseconds (1) Harmonics: individual, even, odd, total up to Harmonics: magnitude, phase and inter-harmonics Flicker (IEC 61000-4-15) Configurable for IEEE 519 - 1992, IEE159, SEMI Programmable (logic and math functions) Data recording Min/max logging for any parameter Historical logs maximum # of cycles Waveform logs maximum # of cycles Timestamp resolution in seconds Setpoints, minimum response time Number of setpoints GPS time synchronisation Memory expandable up to Display and I/O Sample power quality report. Front panel display Active/reactive Energy Pulser, LED and IEC 61107 style port Digital pulse outputs, optional Solid state Form A Digital pulse outputs Solid state Form C Alarm relay output Form C Digital inputs (optional) Communications RS 232/485 port RS 485 port Ethernet port IEC61107 optical port Internal modem 3-port DNP 3.0 through serial, modem, Ethernet and I/R ports Modbus RTU slave on serial, modem and I/R ports Modbus RTU master on serial, modem and I/R ports Modbus TCP through Ethernet Data transfer between Ethernet and RS 485 (EtherGate) Data transfer between internal modem, RS 485 (ModemGate) Alarms, single or multi-condition Alarm notification via email ([email protected]) Logged data via e-mail ([email protected]) Embedded web server (WebMeter) (1) For 50 Hz line frequency. (2) ION8800A only. (3) ION8800B only. 78 0 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Functions and characteristics (cont.) 0 Electrical characteristics Type of measurement Measurement accuracy PowerLogic ION8800 with optional communications module. Current and voltage Power Frequency Power factor Energy Data update rate Input-voltage Measured voltage characteristics Measurement range Impedance Inputs Input-current Rated nominals characteristics CT primary/secondary ratings PT primary/secondary ratings Permissible overload Impedance Load Power supply AC DC Burden Ride-through time Input/outputs Mechanical alarm relay Digital outputs (Form C) Digital outputs (Form A) Digital inputs Pulse rate True rms Up to 1024 samples per cycle 0.1 % reading IEC 62053-22 (0,2 S) ±0.005 Hz 0.5% IEC 62053-22 (0,2 S) ½ cycle or 1 second (depending on value) Autoranging 57 - 288V LN (500 LL) inputs 57-288VLN AC rms (99-500VLL AC rms) 5 M: /phase (phase-Uref/Ground) U1, U2, U3, UREF 5 A, 1 A, 2 A 1 to 999 999 999 1 to 999 999 999 200A rms for 0.5s, non-recurring (IEC 62053-22) 10 m: /phase 0.01 VA per phase at 1A, 0.25 VA per phase at 5A 85 - 240 VAC (+/- 10%), 47-63 Hz 110 - 270 VDC (+/- 10%) 12VA, 7W (Typical, without comm module) 20VA, 9W (Max, without comm module) Typical: 0.5 s to 5 s depending on configuration Min: 120 ms (6 cycles @ 50 Hz) 1 Form C digital output (250 V AC / 125 V DC, 1 A AC / 0.1 A DC max) 4 Solid state relay outputs (210 V AC / 250 V DC) 100 mA AC/DC 8 Solid state relay outputs (210 V AC / 250 V DC) 100 mA AC/DC 3 Solid state digital inputs (low-voltage inputs 15 to 75 V AC/DC; high-voltage inputs 75 to 280 V AC/DC; 3 mA max.) 20 Hz maximum Mechanical characteristics Weight IP degree of protection (IEC 60529) Dimensions 6.0 kg (6.5 kg with optional communications module) IP51 202.1 x 261.51 x 132.2 mm Environmental conditions Operating temperature Display operating range Storage temperature Humidity rating Pollution degree Installation category Dielectric withstand Electromagnetic compatibility Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated fields Immunity to fast transients Immunity to surge waves Conducted immunity Damped oscillatory waves immunity Conducted and radiated emissions -25 °C to +55 °C -10 °C to +60 °C -25 °C to +70 °C 5 to 95 % RH non-condensing 2 III (up to 2000m above sea level) 2 kVAC, 50 Hz, 1 min IEC 61000-4-2 IEC 61000-4-3 IEC 61000-4-4 IEC 61000-4-5 IEC 61000-4-6 (IEC 801-6) IEC 61000-4-12 (IEC 801-12) CISPR 22 (class B) Safety Europe As per IEC 62052-11 79 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Functions and characteristics (cont.) Communication IEC 61107 optical port RS 485 port Example embedded webserver page (WebMeter) showing realtime values. 2/4 wires, up to 19200 bauds Up to 57600 bauds, Modbus, direct connection to a PC or modem Communications module (optional) RS 232/485 port 300 - 115,200 bauds (RS 485 limited to 57,600 bauds), ION 2.0, Modbus/RTU, DNP 3.00, GPSTRUETIME/DATUM, DLMS protocols Internal modem port 300 bauds - 56000 bauds Ethernet port 10 BaseTX, RJ45 connector, 100 m link Fiber-optic Ethernet link 100 Base FL, LC duplex connector, 1300 nm, FO multimode with gradient index 62.5/125 μm or 50/125 μm, 2000 m link Protocol TCP/IP, Telnet, ION 2.0, Modbus RTU EtherGate Communicates directly with up to 62 slave devices via available serial ports ModemGate Communicates directly with up to 31 slave devices Embedded web server (WebMeter) 5 customisable pages, new page creation capabilities, HTML/XML compatible Firmware characteristics High-speed data recording Harmonic distortion Sag/swell detection Instantaneous Load profiling Modbus Master Waveform captures Alarms Advanced security Transformer correction Memory Firmware update Up to ½-cycle interval burst recording, stores detailed characteristics of disturbances or outages Trigger recording by a user-defined setpoint, or from external equipment. Up to 63rd harmonic for all voltage and current inputs Analyse severity/potential impact of sags and swells: - magnitude and duration data suitable for plotting on voltage tolerance curves - per phase triggers for waveform recording or control operations High accuracy (1s) or high-speed (½ cycle) measurements, including true rms per phase / total for: - voltage and current - active power (kW) and reactive power (kvar) - apparent power (kVA) - power factor and frequency - voltage and current unbalance - phase reversal Channel assignments (800 channels via 50 data recorders) are configurable for any measureable parameter, including historical trend recording of energy, demand, voltage, current, power quality, or any measured parameter Trigger recorders based on time interval, calendar schedule, alarm/event condition, or manually. Master up to 32 slave devices per serial channel and store their data at programmable intervals. Use this data to aggregate and sum energy values and perform complex totalization. Simultaneous capture of all voltage and current channels - sub-cycle disturbance capture - maximum cycles is 214,000 (16 samples/cycle x 96 cycles, 10 Mbytes memory) - 1024 samples/cycle Threshold alarms: - adjustable pickup and dropout setpoints and time delays, numerous activation levels possible for a given type of alarm - user-defined priority levels - boolean combination of alarms is possible using the operators NAND, OR, NOR and XOR Up to 16 users with unique access rights. Perform resets, time syncs, or meter configurations based on user priviledges. Correct for phase / magnitude inaccuracies in current transformers (CTs), potential transformers (PTs) 5 -10 Mbytes (specified at time of order) Update via the communication ports Display characteristics Type Backlight Languages 80 FSTN transreflective LCD LED English 0 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Functions and characteristics 0 Part Numbers Item Example product part number. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Model. Feature set. Memory / form factor. Current Inputs. Voltage inputs. Power supply. System frequency. Communications. Onboard inputs/outputs. Security. Special order. 1 Model 2 Feature Set 3 Memory/Form Factor 4 Current Inputs 5 6 Voltage Inputs Power Supply 7 System Frequency 8 Communications module (field serviceable) 9 Onboard I/O and communications (not field serviceable, part of base unit) Optional ION8800 communications module. 10 Security 11 Special Order Code Description M8800 ION8800 IEC/DIN 43862 19" rack mount series meter with integrated display, V1-V3 wide-range voltage inputs (57-288 VAC L-N or 99-500 VAC L-L). I1-I3 current inputs with additional I4. Supports ION, Modbus-RTU, DNP 3.0 and DLMS protocols. English and French documentation ships with every meter. For onboard I/O see comments below. A Feature Set B + power quality analysis (waveforms and transient capture with 1024 samples/cycle resolution). B Feature Set C plus EN50160 compliant power quality monitoring. C Basic Tariff/Energy revenue meter. 1 10 MB logging memory, Essailec connectors. 2 5 MB logging memory, Essailec connectors. C (I1-I3): Configured for 5 A nominal, 10 A full scale, 14 A fault capture, 0.005 A starting current. E (I1-I3): Configured for 1 A nominal, 10 A full scale, 14 A fault capture, 0.001 A starting current. 0 (V1-V3): Autoranging (57-288 VAC L-N or 99-500 VAC L-L) A Single phase power supply: 85-240 VAC ±10% (47-63 Hz) or 110-300 VDC. 5 Calibrated for 50 Hz systems. 6 Calibrated for 60 Hz systems. Z0 No communications module - meter includes Base Onboard I/O and comms (see below for details). 880C ION8800 communications module for field retrofit installations A0 Standard communications: 1 RS 232/RS 485 port, 1 RS 485 port (COM2) (1). C1 Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45), 56 k universal internal modem (RJ11). D1 Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) / 10Base-FL Ethernet Fiber, 56 k universal internal modem (RJ11). E0 Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45). F0 Standard communications plus 10Base-T Ethernet (RJ45) / 10Base-FL (ST male Fiber Optic connection). M1 Standard communications plus 56k universal internal modem (RJ11). A Base option AND 8 Form A digital outputs (2), 1 RS 485 (COM2) port (1). B Base Option AND 8 Form A digital outputs (2), 3 digital inputs (20-56 VDC/AC). C Base Option AND 8 Form A digital outputs (2), 3 digital inputs (80-280 VDC/AC). 0 Password protected, no security lock. 1 Password protected with security lock enabled. A None. C Tropicalisation treatment applied. Related products RACK-8800-RAW IEC/DIN 34862 19" Rack with female mating voltage/current and I/O blocks unassembled. IEC-OPTICAL-PROBE Optional IEC 61107 compliant Optical Probe for use with ION8800 meters. BATT-REPLACE-8XXX Replacement batteries for the ION8600 or ION8800, quantity 10. ION-SETUP Free configuration software for the ION8800. Ships on a CD. (1) Channel COM2 is available on the port at the back of the meter OR on the Comm Module (if installed). You must select which connectors your communications wiring is connected to during meter setup. (2) All Onboard I/O and Comms (Base Option) options include: 4 Form C solid-state digital outputs, 1 Form C mechanical relay output, one IEC 1107 optical communications port, two IEC 1107 style optical pulsing ports. 81 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Installation and connections ION8800 dimensions ION8800 Essailec rack dimensions Rack mounting the ION8800 ION8800 communication module dimensions 82 0 ION8800 Installation and connection (cont.) Power-monitoring units 0 4-wire 3 element direct connection N L1 L2 L3 Fuse for N/- required if neutral is ungrounded Protection (3A) Power supply L/+ N/V1 Protection (2A) V2 V3 V4 Vref Connect G terminal to ground for AC power source I11 I12 Shorting block I21 I22 I31 I32 } I41 I42 I4 optional I51 I52 Connection representation only. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. 4-wire 3 element 3 PT connection N L1 L2 L3 Fuse for N/- required if neutral is ungrounded Protection (3A) Single phase power supply L/+ N/- B1 U1 Protection (2A) B2 U2 B3 U3 B0 Uref Ensure terminal ground is connected with 3.3mm² (12 AWG) wire ≥ 30 cm. long A01 I11 A1 I12 Shorting block A02 I21 A2 I22 A03 I31 A3 I32 A04 I41 A4 I42 Connection representation only. See product installation guide for complete wiring and communication connection details. 83 Power-monitoring units ION8800 Installation and connection (cont.) Item Current measurement inputs Voltage measurement inputs Digital inputs Meter port I11 I12 Essailec pin A01 A1 Description standard standard I21 A02 standard I22 A2 standard I31 A03 standard I32 A3 standard I41 A04 optional I42 A4 optional Vref V1 B0 B1 standard standard V2 B2 standard V3 B3 standard DI-SCOM DI1 B5 B6 standard; common standard DI2 B7 standard DI3 B8 standard Power supply inputs (AC/DC) Power supply N/- B4 Power supply L/+ B9 Power supply neutral (-) Power supply line (+) Form C solid-state relays DO1 & DO2 K DO1 C0 C1 standard; common standard; NO DO1 C2 standard; NC DO2 C3 standard; NO DO2 C4 standard; NC DO3 & DO4 K C5 standard; common DO3 C6 standard; NO DO3 C7 standard; NC DO4 C8 standard; NO DO4 C9 standard; NC Alarm K Alarm D0 D1 standard; common standard; NO Alarm D2 standard; NC - D3 Unused RS 485 Shield RS 485 + D5 D6 RS 485 shield RS 485 + RS 485 - D7 RS 485 - - D8 Unused IRIG-B input common IRIG-B input D4 optional; clock synch input Common optional; clock synch input Form C mechanical relay RS 485 com IRIG-B clock synchronization input (1) D9 (1) Option not currently available. Rack Meter Essailec representation only. See product installation guide for complete Essailec rack wiring and communication connection details. D Code 15 84 C Code 15 B Code 15 A 0 Current transformers CT current transformers 0 Function The Ip/5A ratio current transformers deliver at the secondary a current of 0 to 5 A that is proportional to the current measured at the primary. They are available in two major families: b:cable current transformers b:bar current transformers. This allows them to be used in combination with measurement instruments: ammeters, watt-hour meters, measurement units, control relays, etc. 16503. 16512. Common technical data b:Secondary current: 5 A b:Max. voltage rating Ue: 720 V b:Frequency: 50/60 Hz b:Safety factor (sf): v:40 to 4,000 A : sf y 5 v:5,000 to 6,000 A : sf y 10. b:Degree of protection: IP20 b:Operating temperature: v:standard range: -5°C to +55°C, humidity < 95% v:tropicalised range: -25°C to +60°C, relative humidity > 95% b:Compliance with standards: IEC 60044-1 and VDE 0414 b:Secondary connection (as per model): v:by terminals for lug v:by tunnel terminals v:by screws. Connection S2 S1 L K K P1 16542. P2 K CT with let-through primary. 16503 + 16550. S2 S1 L S2 S1 K L K K K P1 P1 Sealable cover. CT with primary connection by screw and nut. Use of cylinder 16550 or 16551. 85 CT current transformers (cont.) Current transformers 0 Catalogue numbers Rating Ip/5 A 40 A 50 A 75 A 100 A 125 A 150 A 200 A 250 A 300 A 400 A 500 A 600 A 800 A 1000 A 1250 A 1500 A 2000 A 2500 A 3000 A 4000 A 5000 A 6000 A Power (VA) Accuracy class: Insulated cable: Dimension Weight (g) Cat. no. maximum opening for Standard CT maximum diameter (1) cross-section (1) bars 2 (mm) (mm ) Tropicalised CT Cylinder (2) Sealable cover 0,5 2 2.5 3 1.5 4 4 6 2.5 1 7.5 4 1.5 10.5 8 4 12 10 2 1 1.25 1.5 2.5 3.5 4 5.5 5.5 7 2 9 5 4 11 8 6 15 12 8 18 12 4 3 1 1.5 2.5 3.5 4 5 6.5 6 8.5 5 11 8 6 13.5 12 7 18 15 10 22 15 6 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 21 22 22 35 22 35 22 35 22 35 - 120 120 120 120 120 120 150 120 150 150 240 150 240 150 240 150 240 - 8 14.5 4 10 21.5 6 12 26 8 22 - 150 - 8 12 15 15 12 8 20 15 10 15 20 30 25 40 50 60 70 12 15 20 20 15 12 25 20 15 20 25 50 30 60 60 120 120 15 20 25 25 20 30 25 60 60 60 - - - 30 x 10 30 x 10 65 x 32 30 x 10 40 x 10 65 x 32 30 x 10 40 x 10 65 x 32 30 x 10 40 x 10 65 x 32 30 x 10 40 x 10 64 x 11 51 x 31 65 x 32 30 x 10 64 x 11 51 x 31 65 x 32 65 x 32 65 x 32 65 x 32 84 x 34 127 x 38 65 x 32 84 x 34 127 x 38 127 x 38 127 x 38 127 x 52 127 x 38 127 x 52 127 x 52 165 x 55 165 x 55 200 200 200 200 200 200 270 200 270 600 270 430 600 270 430 600 270 430 600 270 430 500 16501 16502 16503 16504 16505 16509 16506 16510 16526 16511 16518 16527 16512 16519 16528 16513 16520 16529 16514 16521 16523 16500 16451 16452 16453 16454 16455 16459 16456 16460 16476 16461 16468 16477 16462 16469 16478 16463 16470 16479 16464 16471 16473 16550 (3) 16550 16550 16550 16550 16550 16551 (4) 16550 16551 16551 16551 16551 16551 - built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in 16552 built-in 16552 built-in 16552 16553 built-in 16552 16553 built-in 16552 16553 built-in 16552 16553 built-in 600 270 500 16530 16515 16524 16480 16465 16474 16551 - built-in 16552 built-in 600 600 600 600 700 1500 600 700 1000 1000 1000 1300 1000 1300 1300 5000 5000 16531 16532 16533 - 16481 16482 16483 16534 16537 16540 16535 16538 16541 16542 16543 16545 16544 16546 16547 16548 16549 - built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in built-in (1) Cable(s) that can be routed through the CT (2) For CT with primary connection by screw and nut. (3) Cylinder with inner dia. 8.5 mm, L = 32 mm (4) Cylinder with inner dia. 12.5 mm, L = 62 mm Fastening mode CT cat. no. 16451...16456 16459...16471 16473 and 16474 16476...16483 16500...16506 16509...16521 16523 and 16524 16526...16549 86 Adapter for DIN rail b b b b - Insulated locking screw Mounting plate b b b b b b - b b b b b b Current transformers CT current transformers (cont.) 0 Choosing a current transformer Choice of a CT depends on 2 criteria: b:the Ip/5 A ratio b:the installation type. The Ip/5 A ratio We recommend that you choose the ratio immediately higher than the maximum measured current (In). Example: In = 1103 A; ratio chosen = 1250/5. For small ratings from 40/5 to 75/5 and for an application with digital devices, we recommend that you choose a higher rating, for example 100/5. This is because small ratings are less accurate and the 40 A measurement, for example, will be more accurate with a 100/5 CT than with a 40/5 CT. The installation type Choice of a CT model depends on the installation type: b:insulated cables b:mounting on bars. Important precaution Never open the secondary circuit of a current transformer when the primary circuit is energised. Prior to working on the secondary circuit, the secondary terminals of the current transformer must be short-circuited. Determining the accuracy class of a CT The accuracy class depends on the apparent power (VA) of the transformer and on consumption of the complete measurement system. The latter allows for consumption of all the devices and the connecting cables. For a given accuracy class, consumption of the measurement system must not exceed apparent power (VA) of the CT transformer. Copper cable cross-section (mm2) 1 1.5 2.5 4 6 10 16 Power in VA per doubled meter at 20°C 1 0.685 0.41 0.254 0.169 0.0975 0.062 For each temperature variation per 10°C bracket, the power drawn up by the cables increases by 4%. Merlin Gerin device Ammeter 72 x 72 / 96 x 96 Analog ammeter IM100 digital ammeter Digital ammeter PM500, PM700, PM800, CM3000, CM4000 ME4zrt PM9 Consumption of the current input in VA 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.3 0.15 0.05 0.55 Example: consumption of a measurement system at 20°C PM9 4 meters of 2.5 mm2 doubled wires i.e. a measurement system consumption + = 0.55 VA 1.64 VA 2.19 VA Based on the result, the CT accuracy class is determined (see previous page): b:class 3 for a 75/5 ratio CT b:class 1 for a 100/5 ratio CT b:class 0.5 for a 125/5 ratio CT. 87 Current transformers CT current transformers (cont.) 0 Specific case of the motor starter To measure motor starter current, you must choose a CT with primary current Ip = Id/2 (Id = motor starting current). Tip: Use a current transformer to measure a nominal current of 50 A. 50/5 A CT, Imax = 50 A This is because to divide by 2 the nominal current of a transformer, you only need to pass the current to be measured twice through this transformer. Equivalent to a 100/5 A CT, Imax = 50 A 88 Dimensions Current transformers 0 Cat. no. 16545 to 16547 Cat. no. 16548 and 16549 DB109824 Cylinders DB109823 Cat. no. 16540 to 16544 Cat. no. 16537 and 16538 DB109822 Cat. no. 16526 to 16535, 16476 to 16483 DB109821 Cat. no. 16523 and 16524, 16473 and 16474 Cat. no. 16518 to 16521, 16468 to 16471 DB109819 Cat. no. 16509 to 16515, 16459 to 16465 DB109818 Cat. no. 16500 to 16506, 16451 to 16456 DB109816 DB109815 CT current transformers Cat. no. 16550 Cat. no. 16551 89 Communication and supervison Communication interfaces and associated services 91 EGX100 Ethernet gateway 93 EGX400 Ethernet server 94 EGX100 Ethernet gateway / EGX400 Ethernet server 95 WebPageGenerator (WPG) / softwaretool HTML-page generator (EGX400) 97 MPS100 Micro Power Server 98 Read electrical data from your Intranet 95 Transparent Ready equipment 99 Communication bus assessories and Display Modules 100 Transparent Ready products 105 PowerView ™ 124 ION Enterprise ® 128 Installation advice Product Modbus wiring 133 MV and LV equipment communication wiring 137 Wiring on site 140 Communication Testing 141 Modbus Serial Link De facto industiral standard 142 Intranet – becoming comfortable with TCP/IP 143 Transparent Ready from basic monitoring to enterprise system 145 Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP Expert level 149 Glossary 90 Communication and supervision Communication interfaces and associated services Switchboard-data acquisition and monitoring make it possible to anticipate events. In this way, they reduce customer costs in terms of operation, maintenance and investment. Serial link 0 With communication technology, it is no longer necessary to be physically present at the site to access information. Data is transmitted by networks. In all architectures, the communication interface serves as the link between the installation devices and the PC running the operating software. It provides the physical link and protocol adaptation. Adaptation is required because the communication systems used by the PC (Modbus via RS232 and/or Ethernet) are generally not those used by the installation devices (e.g. the Modbus protocol via RS485). Dedicated application software prepares the information for analysis under the best possible conditions. Modbus communication architecture. In addition, an EGX100 in serial port slave mode allows a serial Modbus master device to access information from other devices across a Modbus TCP/IP network. Modbus master device EGX100 serial slave mode Modbus communication across Ethernet network 91 Communication and supervision Communication interfaces and associated services (cont.) 0 Ethernet link Using modern Web technologies, the operator can access information from monitoring and protection devices using any PC connected to the network, with all the required security. The Ethernet EGX100 gateway or the EGX400 servers provide connectivity between Modbus RS485 and Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP (1). EGX100 EGX400 Ethernet communication architecture. The services available with these technologies considerably simplify the creation, maintenance and operation of these supervision systems. The application software is now standardised: the web interface into the system does not require custom web pages to be created. It is personalised by simply identifying the components in your installation and can be used as easily as any internet application. These services are part of the Transparent Ready Equipment offer. The first step in this approach is the EGX400 server with HTML pages set up by the WebPageGenerator (WPG). System Manager Software (ION-E), running on a PC, provides broader coverage for more specific needs. (1) The ECC21 card, an option for the CM3000 and CM4000 Circuit Monitors, also serves as an interface between Modbus RS485 and Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP. 92 Communication and supervision EGX100 Ethernet gateway Function The EGX100 serves as an Ethernet gateway for PowerLogic® System devices and for any other communicating devices utilizing the Modbus protocol. The EGX100 gateway offers complete access to status and measurement information provided by the connected devices, for example, via the System ManagerTM Software (ION-E) installed on a PC. System ManagerTM Software (ION-E) ION-E power-monitoring software is recommended as a user interface because it provides access to all status and measurement information. It also prepares summary reports. Architecture ION-E Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP EGX100 gateway Modbus RS485 serial link PM800 Micrologic PM200 Sepam Setup Setup via an Ethernet network Once connected to an Ethernet network, the EGX100 gateway can be accessed by a standard internet browser via its IP address to: b specify the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address of the EGX gateway b configure the serial port parameters (baud rate, parity, protocol, mode, physical interface, and timeout value) b create user accounts b create or update the list of the connected products with their Modbus or PowerLogic® communication parameters b configure IP filtering to control access to serial devices b access Ethernet and serial port diagnostic data b update the firmware. Setup via a serial connection Serial setup is carried out using a PC connected to the EGX100 via an RS232 link. This setup: b specifies the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address of the EGX gateway b specifies the language used for the setup session. Part number Merlin Gerin brand EGX100 Ethernet gateway EGX100MG 93 Communication and supervision EGX400 Ethernet server Function The EGX400 server is used as an Ethernet gateway for PowerLogic® System devices and for any other communicating devices utilizing Modbus protocol. The EGX400 offers the following features and benefits: b HTML pages (set up using WebPageGenerator “WPG”) that can be accessed using a standard web browser and are used to display the information provided by the devices connected to the server b Historical data logs from serial devices on 5, 10, 15, 30, or 60 minute intervals b E-mail historical data logs on a user-defined schedule b Supports SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) using MIB2 (Management Information Base) b Supports SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) for time synchronization. System ManagerTM Software (ION-E) and internet browser The EGX400 server makes it possible to implement two types of user interface: b ION-E power-monitoring software providing access to all status and measurement information. ION-E includes a powerful reporting tool that provides pre-defined and user-defined summary reports for PQ, energy, and other area of interest. b a standard web browser providing access to the main information organised in predefined HTML pages. These two approaches, ION-E and web browser, are complementary: b ION-E offers complete access to all information, but must be installed on each PC b the HTML pages offer partial access to the main information via any PC connected to the network. Architecture ION-E PM200 Setup Initial setup The initial setup is carried out using a PC connected to the EGX400 via an RS232 link. This setup: b specifies the IP address of the EGX400 server b selects the type of Ethernet port (wire or optic fiber) b lists the connected products with their Modbus communication parameters. Setup via the Ethernet network Once connected to the Ethernet network, the EGX400 server can be accessed by a standard web browser via its IP address to: b configure serial port parameters b create or update the list of the connected products with their Modbus communication parameters b access Ethernet and serial line diagnostics b update the firmware. Part number Merlin Gerin brand EGX400 Ethernet server 94 EGX400MG Communication and supervision EGX100 EGX100 Ethernet gateway EGX400 Ethernet server Characteristics EGX100 EGX400 Weight Dimensions (H x W x D) Mounting 170 g 91 x 72 x 68 mm Din rail Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) Power supply Class 3 24 V DC if not using PoE Operating temperature Humidity rating -25 °C to +70°C 5 % to 95 % relative humidity (without condensation) at +55 °C 700 g 25 x 190 x 115 mm Symmetrical or asymmetrical DIN rail Front or side position None 24 V DC 100-240 V AC/24 V DC adapter supplied -30 °C to +80°C 5 % to 95 % relative humidity (without condensation) at +40 °C Regulatory/standards compliance for electromagnetic interference 1 24 Vdc power connection. 2 10/100 Base TX (802.3af) port for connection to Ethernet via an RJ45 connector. 3 Ethernet and serial indication LEDs. 4 Power/Status LED. 5 Reset button. 6 RS485 connection. 7 Dip switches for biasing, termination, and 2-wire/4-wire jumpers. 8 RS232 connection. EGX400 Emissions (radiated and conducted) Immunity for industrial environments: - electrostatic discharge - radiated RF - electrical fast transients - surge - conducted RF - power frequency magnetic field EN 55022/EN 55011/ FCC class A EN 61000-6-2 EN 55022/FCC class A EN 61000-6-2 EN 61000-4-2 EN 61000-4-3 EN 61000-4-4 EN 61000-4-5 EN 61000-4-6 EN 61000-4-8 EN 61000-4-2 EN 61000-4-3 EN 61000-4-4 EN 61000-4-5 EN 61000-4-8 EN 61000-4-11 Regulatory/standards compliance for safety International (CB scheme) USA Canada Europe Australia/New Zealand IEC 60950 UL508/UL60950 UL508 cUL (complies with CSA C22.2, cUL (complies with CSA C22.2, no. 60950) no. 14-M91) EN 60950 AS/NZS25 60950 Serial ports 1 Power connector. 2 Ethernet indication LEDs. 3 10/100 Base TX port for connection to Ethernet via an RJ45 connector. 4 100 Base FX port for connection to Ethernet via fiber optic cable (LC connector). 5 COM1: terminal block for RS485 serial link. 6 COM1 indication LEDs. 7 COM2: terminal block for RS485 serial link. 8 COM2 indication LEDs. 9 Dip-switches for setup of COM1 and COM2 ports bias and termination. 10 COM2: Sub D-9 connector for the RS232 serial link. Number of ports Types of ports 1 RS232 or RS485 (2-wire or 4wire), depending on settings Protocol Modbus RTU/ASCII PowerLogic® (SY/MAX) 38400 or 57600 baud depending on settings 32 Maximum baud rate Maximum number of directly connected devices 2 COM1: RS485 (2-wire or 4wire) COM2: RS232 or RS485 (2wire or 4-wire), depending on settings Modbus RTU/ASCII PowerLogic® (SY/MAX) 38400 baud 32 per port, 64 in all Ethernet port Number of ports Types of ports 1 One 10/100 base TX (802.3af) port Protocol HTTP, SNMP, FTP, Modbus TCP/IP 10/100 MB 2 One 10/100 base TX port One 100 base FX port (multimode optic fiber) HTTP, SNMP, SMTP, SNTP, FTP, Modbus TCP/IP 10/100 MB None 16 MB Baud rate Web server Memory for custom HTML pages 95 Communication and supervision EGX100 Ethernet gateway EGX400 Ethernet server (cont.) Installation DIN rail mounting (EGX100) Side mounting on DIN rail (EGX400) Front mounting on DIN rail (EGX400) 96 Communication and supervision WebPageGenerator (WPG) software tool HTML-page generator (EGX400) Function Very easy to use, the WebPageGenerator (WPG) software tool generates HTML pages for the EGX400 server. It is used to: b select the devices connected to the server b transfer the HTML pages corresponding to the selected devices to the server. The WPG tool can set up HTML pages for the following devices: b Sepam Series 20, Sepam Series 40, Sepam Series 80 and Sepam 2000 b Masterpact equipped with Micrologic A, P and H control units b Power Meter PM9, PM200, PM500, PM700 and PM800 The tool interface is in English, French, and Spanish. However, the tool can be easily adapted to create web pages that support local languages. For more information or to obtain WPG, contact your Schneider Electric representative. HTML page with summary information on all the equipment in a switchboard. HTML pages Following transfer, the EGX400 contains HTML pages that can be used to remotely monitor equipment under secure conditions. b 1st service level based on the summary pages. b 2nd service level based on specific pages for each type of device. Single device operating information HTML page. Single device HTML page showing historical data. Summary pages Five summary pages are available for overall monitoring of the switchboard. They present the main measurements recorded by the devices connected to the server. b Page 1 v 3-phase average rms current v active power v power factor b Page 2 v rms current per phase b Page 3 v demand current per phase b Page 4 v demand power v peak power v time-stamping data b Page 5 v active power v reactive power v date and time of last reset of energy meters. Specific pages for each device A number of specific pages present detailed information on each device for in-depth analysis, e.g.: b operating information: v instantaneous current per phase v demand current per phase v active and reactive power v average voltage (phase-to-neutral and phase-to-phase) v maximum unbalance v power factor v frequency b event information: v minimum and maximum current values v maximum demand current v date and time of last reset b historical data: recording over 38 days (at 15-minute interval) of six user-selectable parameters (energy by default), every 5, 15, 30 or 60 minutes, with graphic display and data export to a CSV (Comma Separated Variable) file. 97 Communication and supervision MPS100 Micro Power Server The MPS100 Micro Power Server: b notifies maintenance staff when any preset alarm or trip is activated by the Micrologic trip unit, automatically sending an e-mail and/or SMS b data logs are periodically forwarded by e-mail b the e-mails are sent via an Ethernet local area network (LAN) or remotely via modem. Micro Power Server makes data collection easy for monitoring Masterpact/Compact circuit breakers 0 Now, more than ever, there is a need to monitor electrical distribution systems in industrial and large commercial applications. The key to managing all equipment, maximising efficiencies, reducing costs and increasing up time is having the right tools. Micro Power Server MPS100 is designed to withstand harsh electrical environments and provide a consistent flow of easy to interpret information. Micro Power Server is designed for unattended operation within the main LV switchboard The MPS100 is a self-contained facility information server that serves as a standalone device for power system monitoring. It is used to transfer power system information via a standard web browser over an Ethernet local area network (LAN) or via modem, making it possible to view power system information on a PC with an Ethernet connection. In either capacity, the Micro Power Server functions as a web server for Micrologic trip unit and Power Meter (PM500) supervision, automatically notifying (e-mail and/or SMS) maintenance staff when any preset alarm or trip is activated in the Micrologic trip unit. Benefits MPS100 Micro Power Server. Main LV switchboard. Monitoring of your main LV switchboard via embedded web pages in the MPS100 accessible with a standard web browser. 98 b view your main LV switchboard without installing software on your local PC, eliminating the need for a dedicated PC with specific software b Micro Power Server allows centralised monitoring, so you no longer waste precious time walking around the facility to collect data b view your main LV switchboard via a modem connection (GSM or switched network), avoiding the need for a LAN b maintenance people are automatically notified at any time, wherever they are, so you do not have to stay in front of a monitor all day long b data logs can be periodically forwarded by sending e-mails to the relevant people (maintenance, accounting, application service provider) automatically b possibility to monitor/notify six external events (limit switches, auxiliary switches PM800 alarm outputs and OF/SDE contacts) b back-up of Micrologic trip unit settings in the memory of the MPS100, so you know where to retrieve it when necessary. Communication and supervision MPS100 Micro Power Server (cont.) 0 Typical architecture It is possible to combine the different types of architecture. Supported Modbus devices b Micrologic trip units b Power Meters (PM9, PM200, PM500, PM700, PM800). Maximum recommended connected devices is 10. Features Micrologic trip unit. Power Meter range. Main switchboard at Plaza hotel. Air conditioning breaker tripped on ground fault Ig = 350 A. 06:37 on 10/12/2002 b access to the power system via a standard PC web browser b real-time data displayed with an intuitive and user friendly interface (dashboard) b Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP connectivity directly to the LAN or via modem (Point to Point Protocol services) b SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) client (capacity to send e-mail) b local logging of data such as energy, power, current… b set-up and system configuration through MPS100 embedded HTML pages b user interface translatable in any language, factory settings in English and French b 6 inputs/2 outputs (no-volt contact) b DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) client. Technical characteristics Power supply 24 V DC ±15 %, consumption = 250 mA Operating temperature 0 to +50 °C Rugged compact metal housing 35 x 218 x 115 mm (H x W x D) Additional information available at: http://126.96.36.199/mkt/microser.nsf User name: MPS, Password: MPS100 Part numbers MPS100 Micro Power Server 33507 Short Message Service (SMS). 99 Communication and Supervision Communication bus accessories and Display Modules Display modules DMC300 Color display module Max. 16 breakers 50895 Spare parts DMC300PCM: DMC300 memory card 50959 RS 485 Modbus pre-wired system RS 485 Modbus junction block CJB306: 6 SubD 9 pins connectors junction block 50963 RS 485 Modbus connector CSD309: 9 pins SubD with screw terminals 50964 CDM303: display module pre-wired cable, 3 m length 50960 RS 485 Modbus cables CCP303: Masterpact or Compact pre-wired cable (4 RS 485 wires + 2 power wires) 3 m length 50961 CCR301: RS 485 roll cable (2 RS 485 wires + 2 power wires) 60 m length 50965 Digipact Bus pre-wired system Data concentrator DC150 Auxiliary supply voltage 110-240 V AC, 50/60 Hz and 115-125 V DC 50823 Junction block Junction block for internal Bus 50778 Cables Cable for internal bus 20-meter roll (0.75 mm2) 100-meter roll (0.75 mm2) 50779 50780 Converter RS 485/RS 232 (ACE909) 12 V DC power supply included RS 485/RS 232 RS 485/Ethernet RS 485/Ethernet (SMS compatible) (1) See catalogue Telemecanique. (2) See catalogue PowerLogic System. 100 59648 TSX SCA72 174 CEV 300-10 EGX 200/400 (2) (1) (2) Read electrical data from your Intranet Communication and Supervision 0 According to your priorities, access the information you need from your desk From your PC at your desk, you access electrical information by selecting the power equipment from your list of Microsoft© Internet Explorer favourites. You simply have to be declared by your IT manager in the list of authorised persons. No software training, no software development: you are immediately operational, ready to investigate your electrical network! Web pages you access comprise: b a summary page called "Circuit Summary" for an overall picture of the electrical data on the power equipment that you selected from your list of favourites b a dedicated page for every electrical circuit – incomer, feeder, transformer, UPS, motors, capacitors, etc. This "Basic Readings" page is accessed from the summary page b a dedicated page for logging electric quantities such as power, energy or current, etc. This "Historical Data" page is accessed from the Basic Readings Web page. The man machine interface is similar whatever or wherever the device used to measure electrical quantities: common ergonomics help. Visit the www.transparentready.com Web site for a live demo. Circuit Summary Status of the power equipment (circuit breaker status) and main electrical quantities, power, RMS current, power factor, etc., are displayed. The data is cyclically updated every 15 seconds. equipment. B To get technical details on communication links. DB107778 A You can customise the name you give to your power C To customise device names and protocols. D To access a specific device page. E To get detailed phase data. F To get power & energy data. G Devices embedded in the power equipment. E1 Example 1: if your circuit breaker is set to 120 A, you know that there is a risk of tripping.. E2 Example 2: if you have taken out a 200 kW contract, watch out, you may face penalties for exceeding the limit. E3 Example 3: bad power factor, you may face penalties for excessive reactive power levels. Power equipment - Circuit summary. Internet Explorer is a registered trademark of Microsoft © Corporation. 101 Read electrical data from your Intranet Communication and Supervision Basic Readings DB107779 The electrical data are delivered by a Transparent Ready product like a Sepam protective relay, Power Meter device, etc. The Basic Readings Web page is tailored to the capability of the product. The data is cyclically updated every 15 seconds. Some events are time stamped. A Minimum quantity. Since the last reboot. B Maximum quantity. Since the last reboot. C Phase-to-phase voltage. D Phase-to-neutral voltage. E1 Example: you know the maximum consumption on this feeder. What about the extension to your workshop? E2 Example: why was your capacitor bank connected as it was not necessary ? E3 Example: measure how much energy has been consumed by your current manufacturing process since your last energy metering reset. 102 0 Read electrical data from your Intranet Communication and Supervision 0 Historical data Electrical data logging, e.g. energy, allows a raw analysis for a user-defined period of time from up to 32 serially connected devices. Up to 152 days of data can be logged, depending on the recording interval selected (5 mn, 15 mn, 30 mn, 60 mn). This data can also be periodically sent by e-mail. maximum 6. B Range selection: DB107780 A Select the electric power quantity, standard 3, b all = data log entries for this device b last full week = the last full week beginning on Sunday plus the days of the present week thus far b last full day = midnight to midnight of the previous day plus all intervals for today thus far. C Export the data in csv format for office software. D Multiple levels of zoom for more accurate trends. E1 Example: consumption of electricity during the night when the building is empty? 103 Read electrical data from your Intranet Communication and Supervision Historical data - Exporting the data log Data is available in csv format. Using FTP or e-mail services, you can retrieve the log for use in a spreadsheet program like ExcelTM Example: use Microsoft© WebQuery to create automated queries to get an interval data log. B EGX400 date and time. Date and time update received from Intranet (SNTP). 104 DB107781 A Export data in csv format for use in office software (FTP). 0 Transparent Ready equipment Medium Voltage: IEC equipment Communication and Supervision 0 SM6 switchgear Description The SM6 modular equipment supports all possible MV distribution substations and network configurations. It meets all the standard requirements with respect to continuity of supply and energy availability from 1 to 36 kV. The EGX400 Web server integration is industrialised for SM6 Transparent Ready equipment: b the DM range of circuit breakers with Sepam series 20 and one EGX400 per switchboard for remote monitoring via the Intranet b an RJ45 Ethernet connector on the front of the switchboard, directly accessible from the front panel. For other SM6 configurations (with other devices or other Sepam product ranges), it is possible to integrate Transparent Ready capability, consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent. Range selection This chart presents the different SM6 circuit breakers proposed with an industrialised Transparent Ready system. Description Type of units SM6 switchgear. Single-isolation circuit breaker unit Single-isolation circuit breaker unit, right or left outgoing line Withdrawable single-isolation circuit breaker unit Withdrawable single-isolation circuit breaker unit, right outgoing line Double-isolation circuit breaker unit, right or left outgoing line DM1-A DM1-D DM1-W (up to 24 kV) DM1-Z (up to 24 kV) DM2 Equipment monitoring Other MV equipment such as MCset, F400 and Genie are also Transparent Ready by adding an EGX400 Web server and Sepam series 20/40/80 protection relay. As for specific SM6 configurations, contact Schneider Electric. EGX400 summary pages Current Real power Power factor Load current, three phases A B C Demand current, three phases A B C Active and reactive energy, last reset date Circuit breaker status A - RMS, three-phase average level kW - Present and peak demand - Peak is time stamped by Sepam when available - Signed A - RMS - Actual load A - Avg - After integration period kWh kvarh - Last reset date is the date the user starts the energy counting - Signed open - closed - tripped Typical design DB107820 You need to have a Web server in only one CB unit to monitor the whole switchboard. SM6 Transparent Ready with front face Intranet connector. (1) Same cable CCR301 for RS 485 and PSU 24 V DC. Upgrading existing equipment To adapt this option to existing SM6 equipment and for MCset and F400 switchgear, consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent. 105 Transparent Ready equipment Medium Voltage: IEC NEMA Communication and Supervision 0 equipment Motorpact motor starter Description Motorpact equipment is an innovative range of Medium Voltage motor starters up to 3800 kW. Designed and manufactured to tackle the toughest power and process control challenges, Motorpact provide unmatched performance, high reliability, low maintenance and exclusive technologies that encourage only the safest operation. Motorpact units can be configured as motor starters or as transformer feeders. Motorpact motor starters provide a wide range of applications including reduced voltage starting: b FVNR: full voltage non reversing motor starter b RVAT: reduced voltage auto-transformer motor starter b RVSS: reduced voltage soft start motor starter. They are suitable for all MV motor applications in markets such as oil & gas, mining, water, pulp and paper, for starting pumps, fans, compressors, chillers, conveyors, etc. The EGX400 Web server is integrated to get a Motorpact Transparent Ready equipment: b FVNR or RVAT with Sepam protective relay or RVSS and one EGX400 by switchboard for the remote monitoring through the Intranet b an RJ45 Ethernet connector on the switchboard front panel for direct accessibility. Motorpact motor starter. Range selection Description Direct starting Starting with auto-transformer Reduced voltage soft starting Sepam series 20, 40 or 80 RVSS Type of units b b - FVNR RVAT RVSS b Equipment monitoring By adding EGX400 Web server support, Motorpact can be: b monitored, but no control functions are included with the standard offer b integrated into an existing monitoring and control system: through Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP communication you can also simultaneously organise the procedure to control Motorpact (Start / Stop). EGX400 summary pages Current Real power Power factor Load current, three phases A B C Demand current, three phases A B C Active and reactive energy, last reset date Circuit breaker status A - RMS, three-phase average level kW - Present and peack demand - Peak is time stamped by Sepam when available - Signed A - RMS - Actual load A - Avg - After integration period kWh kvarh -Last reset date is the date the user starts the energy counting - Signed Open - closed - tripped Typical design DB107822 You need to have a Web server in only one unit to monitor the whole switchboard. Motorpact Transparent Ready with front face Intranet connector. (1) Same cable CCR301 for RS 485 and PSU 24 V DC. 106 Transparent Ready equipment Low Voltage: IEC equipment Communication and Supervision 0 Prisma Plus & Okken Description Prisma Plus is the Low Voltage functional system, available as a kit through our network of distribution specialists. Prisma Plus offer is designed for use in buildings and industry. Its purpose is to build electrical distribution switchboards of up to 4000 A. The Prisma Plus range is designed to simplify the added value created by all of the electrical contributors. This involved throughout the switchboard's life cycle. Numerous details allow easy and quick operation, quality manufacturing, product and associated tool safety, thanks to more prefabricated and pre-tested solutions. Transparent Ready capability is on-line with Prisma Plus. See Prisma Plus installation guide. Okken is the high dependability switchboard for power distribution up to 7300 A and motor control. Okken is the reference "large facility" switchboard. Designed with input from contractors and major users, Okken switchboards offer high flexibility, adaptability, ergonomics and safety. A switchboard that combines in the same column, motor control and distribution functions, varying only by the way they are installed. Transparent Ready capability reinforces Okken integration into the end user's overall control system. Transparent Ready provides a higher level of personnel safety: an Intranet RJ45 plug on the front panel allows direct monitoring without opening the door. Prisma Plus. Range selection Prisma Plus range, especially the P system. Okken range. Description Type of units Multipurpose LV switchboard High dependability LV switchboard Prisma Plus Okken Equipment monitoring Prisma Plus and Okken integrate communicating Transparent Ready products such as measuring devices Power Meter, Circuit Monitor or protection devices like Micrologic with Masterpact or VarLogic with capacitor banks. The products communicate the electrical measurements to the EGX400 Web server over a Modbus serial link. EGX400 summary pages Okken. Current, three-phase average level Real power demand present, recorded peak Power factor Load current, three phases A B C Demand current, three phases A B C Active and reactive energy, last reset date Circuit breaker status A - RMS kW - Peak is time stamped by connected product when available - Signed A - RMS - Actual load A - Avg - After integration period chosen in the product kWh kvarh - Last reset date is the date the user starts the energy counting - Signed Masterpact and Compact with Micrologic DB107826 Typical design Prisma Plus Transparent Ready with RJ45 Intranet connector on the front face. 107 Transparent Ready equipment Low Voltage: IEC equipment Communication and Supervision 0 Prisma plus & Okken MCC Description MCC (Motor Control Center) control switchboard is the Low Voltage switchboard dedicated to motor control and protection functions. It makes the work of supervision and maintenance teams easier by improving process availability, via the digital motor controller, a part of the Transparent Ready solution. It provides better knowledge of motors, analysis of operating conditions and alarm thresholds before tripping, etc. This solution decreases the number of process stoppages and their duration, reduces maintenance and repair costs and optimises process productivity by providing data on the motor, rapid diagnosis and the analysis of logs using statistics from the electronic protection module. MCC provides a higher level of safety for personnel: an Intranet RJ45 connector on the front panel allows direct monitoring without opening the doors. Schneider Electric proposes two D.O.L. (Direct On Line) offers for two expectation levels: Okken, Prisma Plus with TeSys U motor controllers up to 450 kW for cost effective design. They are all-in-one devices up to 15 kW with up to 48 starters per column. The TeSys model U motor controller is: b integrated in a Transparent Ready solution for monitoring and diagnosis: Modbus serial link of TeSys U transmits information to the EGX router/Web server b connected to the process control system: hard wires allow the start/stop command. Prisma Plus MCC. Okken with [email protected] system for critical processes: a range of high level safety switchboard, high level dependability motor control system for critical processes. Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent. Range selection Prisma Plus range, especially the P system. Okken range. Description Type of units Multipurpose LV switchboard High dependability LV switchboard Prisma Plus Okken Equipment monitoring Okken MCC. MCC Prisma Plus and Okken integrate communicating Transparent Ready products that are TeSys U and speed drives or soft starters. As standard, no controls are accessible to the operators. Only system integrators can organise safe control procedures through Modbus TCP/IP and the facility's overall control system. EGX400 summary pages Current, three-phase average level A - RMS Real power demand present, recorded peak kW - Peak is time stamped by connected product when available - Signed Power factor Load current, three phases A B C A - RMS - Actual load Demand current, three phases A B C A - Avg - After integration period chosen in the product Active and reactive energy, last reset date kW kvarh - Last reset date is the date the user starts the energy counting - Signed Motor thermal capacity % Motor frequency Hz - Output frequency of speed drive or soft-starter Status Fault / No Fault DB107827 Typical design Okken Transparent Ready with RJ45 Intranet connector on the front face. 108 Transparent Ready equipment Low Voltage: IEC and NEMA equipment Communication and Supervision 0 Canalis Description The Canalis high power busbar system has been designed to feed and distribute high power in industrial, commercial or service buildings from 1000 A up to 5000 A for three-phase and neutral power distribution needs. Canalis 250 and 400 A taps for billing and measurements are useful for KT and KS two-level busbar systems. They are equipped with a Power Meter 810 U, a Compact NS with CT that is used to protect and monitor the line. Taps that allow sub-billing with cost allocation and monitoring for secondary lines are connected through a Modbus communication serial link to the Transparent Ready solution. If a switchboard is located downstream or upstream from the high power busbar system, then fit the PM in the switchboard for practical reasons on-site, and not on the tap. The KBA busbar system is used not only for facility lighting but also to supply the PM810 and to wire the Modbus serial link cable. Range selection KS and KT taps are proposed. DB107832 Description Tap off units Tap with 250 A rating KSB250DC4TRE Tap with 400 A rating KSB400DC4TRE KBA busbar system to bring Modbus serial link and KBA25ED4303T power line to the tap vm Equipment monitoring EGX400 summary measures Current, three-phase average level Real power kW present, recorded peak Power factor Load current, three phases A B C Demand current, three phases A B C Active and reactive energy, last reset date A - RMS kW - Peak is time stamped by the PM A - RMS actual load A - After integration period chosen in the PM kWh kvarh - Last reset date is the date the user starts the energy counting Typical design DB107833 To provide measurement, Power Meter systems communicate by using a Modbus serial link. Schneider Electric proposes to use a Canalis KBA separately to carry power and information to Modbus/Ethernet Web server. Taps are industrialised with a PM810U which is a Power Meter without display screen, so it has better temperature resistance and is particularly suited to Canalis monitoring. 109 Transparent Ready products Sepam Communication and Supervision Description PE50478 Sepam is a complete range of protection relays for Medium Voltage applications. The Sepam range is designed for all protection applications on public and industrial distribution networks. It comprises three series of relays, with increasing performance levels: series 20 for usual applications, series 40 for demanding applications and series 80 for custom applications. Each Sepam series offers all the functions required for the intended applications: effective protection of life and property, measurements and detailed diagnosis, integral MV equipment control, local or remote indications and operation. The Sepam range covers applications such as substations, transformers, motors, generators, busbars, capacitors. Range selection Sepam 80. Sepam 40. Selection Guide Sepam 20. Sepam series 20, 40, 80 ACE949-2 module CCA612 wire ABL phaseo range 24 Include a Modbus serial link as standard Two wire RS 485 network interface Sepam / Interface link cable, length = 3 m V DC power supply unit needed for ACEppp power supply Product monitoring Sepam can be connected to an Ethernet TCP/IP network in a totally transparent manner via the Modbus serial link connected to the EGX400 server. EGX400 basic readings Series 20 Series 40 Series 80 Load current Demand current v v b b b b Residual current I0 Current Unbalance ratio Real, Reactive, Apparent Power v b v b b b b Power factor Voltage L-L, L-N Positive sequence voltage Negative sequence voltage Frequency Active & reactive energy Temperatures (1) v v v v v b b b b b b v b b b b b b v THDi THDu Motor run time (1) Starts counter (1) Thermal Capacity used (1) Waiting time allowed before starting after overload tripping (1) Waiting time (1) Motor cooling time constant read (1) Starting time / starting current (1) Number of starts before inhibition (1) b b b b b b - b b b b b b - b b b b b b b b b b Start inhibit time (1) Last faults (1) b b b b V - Sepam series 20 application Bpp only V V Hz kWh kvarh - Accumulated value, reset date & time Motors, transformer windings According to Sepam option % % H - For Sepam Motor For Sepam Motor % - For Sepam Motor Mn - For Sepam Motor H - Time before new tripping - For Sepam Motor Can indicate some filter problems - For Sepam Motor s - For maintenance operation for Sepam Motor Number of starts allowed before inhibition is calculated by the number of start protection devices Waiting time before starting is allowed Last three stamped events - b b Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent Real, apparent and reactive energy - As standard A - Rms - Present, min., max. by phase A - Present, peak with last interval value, date & time of the peak, date & time of last reset A % Present, min.,max. kW kvar kVA - Present, peak with min., max. - Last interval, date & time of the peak, last reset date & time of last reset EGX400 historical data Current, power, temperature Energy v Only in specific application. (1) Available end 2006. DB107839 Typical design Upgrading existing products Sepam 2000 can be integrated into a Transparent Ready solution. Contact your local Schneider Electric correspondent. 110 0 Transparent Ready products Power Meter PM Communication and Supervision 0 PM9C. PB100313_19 PB100708_20 Description The PowerLogic Power Meter range is ideal for metering and monitoring applications. It helps you to reduce energy costs, improve power quality & improve continuity of service for optimal management of your electrical installation and a better productivity. These Transparent Ready products ensure easy integration into switchboards and provide remote-monitoring through their Modbus communication link to the EGX400 Web server. PM710. PM8 . Range selection Selection guide Panel instrumentation Sub-billing & cost allocation Bill checking Monitoring of harmonics (THD) Power quality monitoring Contract optimisation & load curves Catalogue numbers 230 V AC 24 V DC Connecting accessories PM9C PM710 15198 15276 PM710MG PM8 PM810MG PM820MG PM850MG Type of units Junction box in RS 485 two-wire mode Modbus wire Connector CJB306 CCR301 CSD309 Product monitoring EGX400 basic readings PM9C Load currents A B C Demand current PM700 PM8 - Real, reactive & apparent power Real, reactive & apparent demand power - Power factor Total Harmonic distortion (1) Voltage A B C Voltage Frequency Real & reactive energy Apparent energy - - - Current, power Energy (1) Available end 2006. - - - Present, min., max. - A Last interval value, present, peak, date & time of peak, date & time of last reset - A Avg - present, min., max. - kW kvar kVA Avg - present, peak, date & time of peak, date & time of last reset - kW kvar kVA Present, min., max. % N-L, L-L, present , min., max. - V N-L, L-L Avg - present , min., max. - V Hz Accumulated value since last date & time reset - kWh kvarh Accumulated value since last date & time reset - kvah Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent Real, apparent and reactive energy - As standard DB107841 Typical design PM9C PM200 PM700 PM800 Upgrading existing products PM500 with Modbus SL option can be integrated. Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent. 111 Transparent Ready products Masterpact and Compact NS Communication and Supervision From 630 A to 3200 A - Micrologic Description _ Micrologic is associated with Masterpact NT and NW and high power Compact circuit breakers. This is the digital protection relay designed to protect power circuits. Combined with the Transparent Ready communication solution, the Micrologic units genuinely shortcut the distance separating users from the installation. Protection, measurement, monitoring and quality of energy for all types of LV electrical network: Micrologic control units incorporate high accuracy settings and measurements to optimise continuity of supply and energy management. Range selection Micrologic trip unit. To get a Transparent Ready Micrologic, ask for the communication option integrating the Modbus serial link capability. The Masterpact or Compact is then delivered by Schneider Electric with all necessary components already mounted, wired and tested, ready to be connected on an EGX400 Web server. Selection Guide _ E45183_27 Micrologic 5.0 A - 6.0 A - 7.0 A // 5.0 P - 6.0 P - 7.0 P // 5.0 H - 6.0 H - 7.0 H Modbus "device" communication module Compact NS630b-1600 Compact NS630b-1600 motor mechanism Compact NS1600b-3200 Masterpact NT Masterpact NW Modbus "chassis" communication module For all Connecting "Device". Junction box Modbus wire specific for Micrologic with connector Modbus wire RS 485 connector 24 V DC power supply to energise the Micrologic communication module "Chassis". CJB306 CCP303 CCR301 CSD309 ABL Phaseo range Product monitoring Micrologic can be connected to an Ethernet TCP/IP network in a totally transparent manner via the Modbus serial link connected on the EGX400 server. EGX400 basic readings Micrologic A P H Load currents A B C Demand current b - b b b b Real, reactive & apparent power Real, reactive & apparent demand power - b - b - Power factor Total Harmonic distortion (1) Voltage A B C Voltage Frequency Real, apparent & reactive energy Last faults (1) b b b b b b b b b b b b Present, min., max. - A Present, peak, date & time of peak, date & time of last reset A Avg - present, min., max. - kW kvar kVA Avg - predicted, present, peak, date & time of peak, date & time of last reset - kW kvar kVA Present, min., max. % Voltage and current THD N-L, L-L, present , min., max. - V N-L, L-L Avg - present , min., max. - V Hz Accumulated value since last date & time reset - kWh kvarh Three last events, time stamped b b b Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent Real, apparent and reactive energy - As standard EGX400 historical data Current, power Energy (1) Available end 2006. DB107842 Typical design 112 0 Communication and Supervision Transparent Ready products Multi 9, Compact and Interpact Twido 0 052164_33 Description Compact & Interpact Compact & Interpact systems are suited to a very wide range of Low Voltage configurations up to 630 A (Refer also to the section on Micrologic). The objective of the Transparent Ready solution is to monitor the position and status of the breakers and switches on the EGX400 Web pages by using the ad hoc auxiliary accessories. Type: b Compact NS100/160 (Merlin Gerin) b switches Interpact INS40-63-80-125-160 (Merlin Gerin) b isolating switches 35 A - 225 A (Clipsal). Interpact INS. PB100003-23 Compact NS. RCCB - 2 poles. RCCB - 4 poles. Multi 9 The Multi 9 system comprises an extensive range of switching and protection devices that meet all electrical distribution needs up to 250 A. The objective of the Transparent Ready solution is to monitor the position and status of the main breakers on the EGX400 Web pages by using the ad hoc auxiliary accessories. Twido interface With its expandable block type architecture, the programmable controller Twido adapts to all remote data capture configurations. In addition, the optimised size of these products are ideally suited to the size of enclosures used for distributed Compact or Multi 9 systems located in the distribution cabinet. This solution reduces cabling time and cost required to gather circuit breaker status data (digital inputs) and at the same time takes into account the modular architecture of the distribution network. It includes Modbus RS 485 serial link communication. Each base incorporates 12 inputs to energise with 24 V DC. Two inputs are used by a Multi 9 or Compact device (circuit breaker, switch, etc.), one for position, one for status. TwidoSoft is needed for time stamping of the inputs and for sorting the time stamped data in the Modbus table. Range selection Selection guide OF & OFS. SD OF + SD/OF. Compact & Interpact - Auxiliary contacts (changeover) OF Fault indication SD SDE 6 A - 240 V Multi 9 - Auxiliary contacts Twido Compact base for eight devices - 24 V DC power supply Modbus RS 485 link with nine 24 V DC inputs Time/date stamp system Twido-EGX400 - 1 m serial link cable TwidoSoft with USB cable for PC programming OFS OF Fault indication SD Switchable OF + SD/OF MW tripping auxiliary with builtin OF auxiliary contact PRDppr - Surge arrester fitted with end of life indication Cat. no. TWD LC.A 16DRF TWD XCP RTC TWD XCA FJ010 TWD SPU 1003 V10M Product monitoring Monitoring Multi 9, Compact and Interpact products with Transparent Ready is not part of the WPG standard offer. Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent. EGX400 basic readings Label 1. Status. Position Label 2. Status. Position … Label 8. Status. Position Position Status Open / Closed Open / Closed … Open / Closed Fault / OK Fault / OK … Fault / OK With date & time of last change. Label in 24 characters max. Example: Compact 1 - Airconditioning / ventilation open Typical design Compact and Multi 9 products are hard wired to Twido. Twido is linked to the Modbus network, itself connected to the EGX400 Web server. Note that the localisation of these products in the panels depends on the geographical arrangement of the panels. 113 Transparent Ready products Varlogic N Communication and Supervision Description _ PB100033_33 Varlogic N provides power factor correction and harmonic filtering with simplicity. The Varlogic N controllers permanently measure the reactive power of the installation and control connection and disconnection of capacitor banks and harmonic filters in order to obtain the required power factor and little harmonic interference. In the Varlogic N range, the NRC12 model, called "advanced model", offers high performance functions and an option for Modbus communication. Range selection Selection guide Varlogic 110 V AC 220/240 V AC and 380/415 V AC Communication RS 485 Modbus set for NRC12 Junction box Modbus wire RS 485 connector Rectimat 2. NRC12 Cable provided CJB306 CCR301 CSD309 Product monitoring Varlogic N. EGX400 basic readings Status of NRC12 Alarm Load current Irms/I1 Real, reactive & apparent power Cos M Voltage THD voltage Harmonic components Internal temperature ON/OFF ON/OFF A - Real, reactive, apparent kW, kvar, kVA - Signed V % 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21 °C EGX400 historical data Current, power, cos M, THDu Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent DB107844 Typical design 114 Abnormal if more than 115 % or less than 2.5 % Capacitor current overload, abnormal if more than 1.5 Abnormal if less than 0.5 or 0.8 Abnormal if more than 110 % or less than 80 % Abnormal if more than 7 % 50 °C maximum 0 Transparent Ready products Vigilohm system Communication and Supervision 0 Description Vigilohm System is dedicated to electrical networks with isolated neutral (IT system). It provides overall insulation monitoring of electrical installations by injecting a lowfrequency AC voltage between the installation and the earth. Vigilohm System provides measurement of insulation resistance and earth leakage capacitance, indications on satisfactory insulation resistance, drop in insulation resistance, below prevention threshold status, below fault threshold status and transient faults and remote monitoring by Modbus serial link communication interface XLI300. The XLI300 communication interface is designed to send Vigilohm System data to the EGX400 Web server. Range selection The XLI300 interface groups the data of at most 4 Insulation Measurement devices connected to the Vigilohm System as permanent insulation monitors (XM300C, XML308 and XML316), localisers (XL308 and XL316) and communicating detectors (XD308C). Selection guide Switchboard equipped with Vigilohm. XLI300 Modbus interface Single busbar b b Several independent busbars One per network Product monitoring Monitoring Vigilhom system is not part of the WPG standard offer. Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent. EGX400 basic readings Status of devices 1 to 4 Insulation resistance higher than threshold, prevention threshold, intermittent fault, activated fault relay - for each connected device Insulation measure of devices 1 to 4 :, μF EGX400 historical data Insulation measure For each connected device XLI300. DB107845 Typical design 115 Transparent Ready products TeSys U Communication and Supervision 0 Description The TeSys model U range integrates motor starter & controller capability and performs the following functions: b protection and control of single-phase or three-phase motors, breaking function, overload and short-circuit protection, thermal overload protection and power switching, control of the application, protection function alarms b application monitoring: running time, number of faults, motor current values, etc. b logs last five faults saved, together with motor parameter values. These functions can be added by selecting control units and function modules which simply clip onto the power base. The product can therefore be customised at the last moment. Setting-up accessories simplify or completely eliminate wiring between components. The TeSys U range incorporates a Modbus serial link among other communication protocols to be connected on the EGX400. M 3a Range selection Selection guide Type of unit Power base 12 A or 32 A Power base 12 A or 32 A - reversing power base Modbus communication module Control base with LULC033 only Junction block RS 485 cable RS 485 connector LUB p p LU2B p p LULC03 p LUTM10BL and LUTM20BL CJB306 CCR301 CSD309 Product monitoring M 3a EGX400 basic readings A Status Current phases A, B , C Current Thermal capacity Phase unbalance TeSys commercial cat. number Base type Load type Auxiliary fan Current range Firmware version Fault history (log) b b b b b b b b b b b b A1-A2, warning, tripped, motor paused, current action rms present - A Average - A % % Product information Product information Product information Product information Product information Product information Last five faults - Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent EGX400 historical data Typical design DB107846 Maximum four TeSys U units for one RS 485 junction block. Upgrading existing equipment Adding the Modbus SL module makes the installed TeSys U controller Transparent Ready. 116 Communication and Supervision 109463_16 ATV61. 0 Variable speed drives & softstarters Description ATV31. DF533215_19 ATS48. Transparent Ready products Motorpact RVSS, Altistart and Altivar ATV71. b Motorpact MVSS is a softstarter for Medium Voltage motors from 2.3 to 7.2 kV, current ratings 200 A - 400 A, 50/60 Hz, all customer terminations in FVNR module, KEMA certified (STL). b Altistart 48 is a large range of Low Voltage soft start-soft stop units for three-phase asynchronous motors from 4 to 1200 kW. Ready for immediate start-up, with simplified wiring and extended communication functions, high level drive performance functions and machine & motor protection functions. b Altivar is a large range of variable speed drives adapted to each field of application providing speed control for three-phase asynchronous motors. Our product platforms offer a wide range of control functions, from the simplest forms of motor speed control to the most complex drive applications with coordinated motions and network connectivity: v Altivar 31 is a frequency inverter for three-phase asynchronous motors from 0.18 to 15 kW v Altivar 61 is a frequency inverter for three-phase asynchronous motors from 0.75 to 630 kW. Altivar 61 is relevant for pumps and fans, with a wide range of integrated functions for variable torque applications v Altivar 71 is a frequency inverter for three-phase asynchronous motors from 0.37 to 500 kW. It is especially adapted for high performance applications with constant torque as wood machines, textile machines or packaging for example. The products are connected on EGX400 through their embedded Modbus communication port. Note that a direct Ethernet connection is available with the VW3A3310 option board in ATV61 & ATV71. Range selection Selection guide Motorpact Medium Voltage softstarter Altistart softstarter Altivar speed drives Junction box RS 485 cable RS 485 connector Type of unit FVNR + SoftStart ATS48 ATV31/61/71 CJB306 CCR301 CSD309 Motorpact soft starter. 117 Transparent Ready products Motorpact RVSS, Altistart and Altivar Communication and Supervision 0 Variable speed drives & softstarters Product monitoring EGX400 basic readings Status Voltage Voltage L-L Average motor current Line current A B C Ground fault current Energy consumed Motor thermal state Motor thermal overload Current overload Motor underload Motor power factor Real power Real power peak Hottest stator RTD temperature Hottest non-stator RTD temperature Drive thermal state Time before restarting Motor run time Motor run time with current overload Motor run time with thermal overload Drive run time Motor load I squared T to start Motor speed Speed setpoint Motor frequency Frequency reference before ramp Motor torque Reference frequency Output frequency Motor power Last faults (log) (1) Motorpact Altistart MVSS ATS48 Altivar ATV31/ 61/71 b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b rpm rpm Hz Hz % Hz Hz % Last faults - - - Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent Run/Off - Ready - Fault - Accelerating V V A rms present - A rms - A kWh % Alarm Alarm Alarm kW kW °C °C % Sec h h h h In % of FLA Full Load Ampere EGX400 historical data (1) Available end 2006. DB108052 Typical design (for Altistart and Altivar) Upgrading existing equipment Add Modbus communication option or contact your local Schneider Electric correspondent for products not mentioned (ATV66, ATV58, ATS46). 118 Communication and Supervision Transparent Ready products Galaxy UPS 0 Description Galaxy 3000. Among the wide range of MGE UPS (1) systems, active harmonic compensators and source transfer systems, the three-phase UPS Galaxy range is Transparent Ready. Practically the whole range can be directly connected to the Ethernet network onsite. See www.mgeups.com. The following UPS range can integrate a Modbus serial link communication board to connect to the EGX400 Web server: b Galaxy 3000 is a simple solution, optimised for computer rooms and equipment rooms b Galaxy 5000 provides a centralised protection with high energy b Galaxy 6000 provides high power centralised protection. The same man machine interface on Web pages is then accessible on EGX400, for the UPS and for the other Transparent Ready equipment or products. Range selection Selection guide 3-phase 3-phase 3-phase Range UPS 10/30 kVA 40/120 kVA 300/800 kVA Galaxy 3000 Galaxy 5000 Galaxy 6000 Product monitoring Galaxy 5000. Numerous MGE UPS products are compatible with Schneider Electric Transparent Ready solutions, using a Modbus serial link connection linked to an Ethernet router. EGX400 basic readings UPS status Galaxy 6000. Typical design Output voltage L-L, L-N Output frequency Output load current I1 I2 I3 Real, apparent power Power factor Load protected: UPS is OK if not, this means a bypass or maintenance problem: b unit general alarm: UPS is off or must be switched off for complete maintenance diagnosis b UPS in backup or battery low warning: client to shutdown the loads or genset to start b operation on static switch: the loads are no longer protected in case of main network outages b battery end of life: replace battery b output overload: UPS will stop after 10 mn if 120 % or 1 mn if 150 % V - ±1 % in balanced situation Hz A - Current unbalance less than 30 % kW, kVA UPS nominal performance for 0.8 Input voltage L-L Input current I1 I2 I3 Battery charge level Remaining backup time Battery DC voltage Battery temperature ±15 % average A % min V - Direct current °C - Abnormal if more than 25 °C EGX400 historical data - Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent Battery temperature Remaining backup time Output apparent power Output real power - (1) A company of Schneider Electric. 119 Communication and Supervision Transparent Ready products Cabling system ConneXium Ethernet cabling system Description ConneXium is the Schneider Electric rugged solution for Ethernet cabling systems especially supporting Modbus TCP/IP. ConneXium products are adapted to electrical distribution and can be mounted on a DIN rail. ConneXium hubs - passive concentrators to connect Ethernet users Hubs are used for transmitting signals between several ports. Hubs make it possible to create different topologies. ConneXium transceivers - active device used to create Ethernet subnet in order to optimise response time ConneXium transceivers make it possible to interface products using twisted pair cable Ethernet connections and fibre optic cables. ConneXium transceivers provide fibre optic connections for transmission in areas subject to interference (high levels of electromagnetic interference) and for long distance communications. ConneXium switches Switches are used to increase the limits of architectures based on hubs or transceivers, by separating collision domains (filtering). Certain ConneXium switches also enable redundant architectures to be created on twisted pair copper or fibre optic rings. They can also be remotely administered using SNMP or HTTP protocols for monitoring and diagnosis purposes. ConneXium connection cables ConneXium shielded connection cables are available in two versions to meet current standards and approvals: b standard EIA/TIA 568 shielded twisted pair cables b UL and CSA 22.1 approved shielded twisted pair cables. Their fire resistance conforms to NFPA 70. ConneXium provides two glass fibre optic cables for connection of terminal devices to hubs, switches and transceivers. Range selection Hubs Hubs with copper cable ports for 10 Base T or 100 Base Tx 499NEH10410 499NEH14100 Hubs with copper cable ports and fiber optical ports 499NOH10510 Transceivers Transceivers for 10 Base T or 100 Base TX 499NTR10010 499NTR10100 Switches Unmanaged basic device 499NES25100 Unmanaged device with copper and optical fibre 499NMS25101 ports with multimode or single-mode fibre and one or two optical fibre ports 499NMS25102 499NSS25101 499NSS25102 Unmanaged device with copper cable ports 499NES18100 Managed device with copper cable ports 499NES17100 Managed device with copper and optical fibre ports 499NOS17100 IP67 device with a high protection level TCS ESU 051 F0 Connection cables. Cables pp is a number corresponding to the cable length (2, 5, 12, 40, 80 for straightthrough cables and 5, 15, 40, 80 for cross wired cables). 120 Straight-through shielded twisted pair cables with 2 RJ45 connectors for connection to terminal devices (DTE) Crossed cord shielded twisted pair cables with 2 RJ45 connectors for connections between hubs, switches and transceivers UL and CSA 22.1 approved. Straight-through shielded twisted pair cables UL and CSA 22.1 approved. Cross wired shielded twisted pair cables Glass fibre optic cables for terminal devices to hubs, switches and transceivers with different types of connectors. 490NTW000 pp 490NTC000 pp 490NTW000 ppU 490NTC000 ppU 490NOC00005 490NOT00005 490NOR00005 0 Communication and Supervision Transparent Ready products Cabling system 0 RS 485 connection Typical design Description Technical characteristics The physical transmission systems used by Transparent Ready products to send data are EIA RS 485 standard compliant. As standard, only "two-wire" cabling is offered here as it has proven its efficiency in industrial environments. The RS 485 cabling architecture proposed in this section is suited to switchboard needs, for electric power distribution switchboards and motor control switchboards: bus length limited to 1200 meters, total tap length limited to 40 meters, with one meter per tap recommended. The transmission line uses a bus topology and must be "impedance adapted" to limit the distortions to transmission signals from high frequencies signal propagation phenomena. This means that the transmission line must essentially comprise a "trunk line" with a characteristic impedance of 120 :, terminated at each end by a "line termination impedance" Rc of 120 :. Taps from this trunk line (the stub lines) must be kept "short". RS 485 polarisation The effect of polarisation is to continually carry a current through the network, imposing an idle state on all loads. It must be unique on the bus. We recommend using the Modbus master's supply and Rp polarisation resistors. Note: the EGX400 web server handles polarisation: In practice, the two wire RS 485 link requires a third wire for the common line, separated from the shield and connected to earth at both ends. A 24 V supply pair is added to the bus pair in the same cable to supply some of the communication devices: the Sepam interface and Micrologic communication module. The Modbus 0 V common line is also the 0 V level for the 24 V DC supply. Using RS 485 to connect products Schneider Electric offers various methods for connecting Transparent Ready products to the EGX400 Web server via an RS 485 Modbus communication link: b a dedicated ACE interface for Sepam protection relays b Phoenix terminal blocks for direct wire connection using screw terminal blocks b CJB306 junction boxes with Sub-D9 connectors and built-in terminal block b Modbus LU9GC3 splitter block with RJ45 connectors. DB108401 Typical design Case 1: dedicated ACE interface for Sepam protection relays This active interface is required when using Sepam Series 20, 40 and 80 devices. Different versions are available including the ACE949-2 interface (refer to the Sepam documentation). The ACE949-2 interface performs two functions: b the electrical interface between the Sepam device and a two wire RS 485 communication network b serving as the network cable connector box for connecting a Sepam device with a CCA612 cable. If the interface is on the end of an RS 485 network, a jumper can be set for line-end impedance matching with load resistor. An external 12 V DC or 24 V DC ±10% supply is required. If no Transparent Ready products from other ranges are connected to the RS 485 link, the EGX400 Web server will be directly connected to the first ACE949-2 interface. Case 2: Phoenix terminal blocks for direct wire connection using screw terminal blocks Phoenix offers passive RS 485 wiring terminals using daisy-chaining. Daisy-chaining is effective when connecting devices outside the switchboard, or between two switchboard columns that are separated for Bus junction box. transport reasons. This method can however also generate wiring errors at each terminal end: Schneider Electric recommends standardising the wire colours used for the RS 485 link when producing the wiring diagrams. With CCR301 cables, the following standard is used: b data wire D1= blue b data wire D0 = white b shield (earth symbol) = green b common (0 V) = black b VP (24 V) = red. 121 Transparent Ready products Cabling system Communication and Supervision 0 RS 485 connection Typical design Recommended cables: b CCR301 (or Belden 7895 A) with 24 V DC distribution up to 3 A b CCP303 with 24 V DC distribution for Masterpact b Belden 3084 A with 24 V DC distribution up to 1.5 A. Recommended terminal blocks for daisy-chaining: b the basic bus connector is a withdrawable connector with five terminals, printed labels + Bus, - Bus, 0 V, +24 V, shield: Phoenix ref. UMSTBVK 2.5/5-GF-5.08 and MSTB 2.5/5-STF type b earth terminal: Telemecanique AB1TP435U, b line termination: Telemecanique VW3A8306DRC. Case 3: CJB306 junction boxes with Sub-D9 connectors and built-in terminal block Schneider Electric recommends using CJB306 passive junction boxes for quick setup and easy error checking as all connections are concentrated geographically at one point: do not "daisy-chain" the devices but connect each of them to the junction block. This method does however increase cable lengths between the product and the junction box in the cabinet. A 40 meter length limit must be complied with when totalling the wire lengths of all of the taps. The CJB306 junction box is used to connect up to six products, receive a 24 V DC (led) power supply, and allows configuration with RS 485 two wire connection and to terminate the last RS 485 link with an end of line resistor. It is connected to earth. The CCD303 cable between the Micrologic unit and the CJB306 also sends the 24 V DC supply required by the Micrologic Modbus communication module. The CSD309 connector is used to connect any product to the CJB306 junction block. Schneider Electric recommends the use of the CCR301 and CCP303 cables as the colour of each wire is used as a reference in section Wiring the Equipment when connecting different Transparent Ready products. Note: To change from an RS 485 four wire link to an RS 485 two wire link with the CCR301 cable, the wiring is as follows: b In + and Out + are connected to D1 = blue and yellow b In – and Out – are connected to D0 = white and brown b earth = green b 0 V = black b 24 V = red. Case 4: Modbus LU9GC3 splitter block with RJ45 connectors. The LU9GC3 splitter block is recommended for devices connected via a Modbus RS 485 serial link using an RJ45 connector. The other devices can be connected using a Telemecanique VW3A8306D30 type cable without an RJ45 connector at one end. Schneider Electric recommends the use of LU9GC3 splitter block for quick set-up and easier checking of errors as all connections are concentrated geographically at one point: do not "daisy-chain" the devices but connect each of them to the junction block. This method does however increase cable lengths between the product and the junction block in the cabinet. A 40 meter length limit must be complied with when totalling the wire lengths of all of the taps. The LU9GC3 splitter block is used to connect up to ten devices and to terminate the last RS 485 link with an end of line resistor. Range selection Function Description Reference Length Type of unit Modbus splitter block T-junction boxes 10 x RJ45 connectors and 1 x screw terminal block 2 x RJ45 connectors, 1 x integrated cable with RJ45 connector 2 6 Passive 2-channel subscriber socket (2- or 4-wires) Modbus RS 485 cables 2-wire tap-off point for two devices equipped with 2 x 15-way female SUB-D connectors 2 x RJ45 connectors 7 LU9 GC3 VW3 A8 306 TF03 VW3 A8 306 TF10 TSX SCA 64 0.3 m VW3 A8 306 R03 1m VW3 A8 306 R10 3m VW3 A8 306 R30 4 0.3 m TWD XCA RJ003 1 x mini-DIN connector for Twido controller (RS 485 adapter or serial module) 1m TWD XCA RJ010 1 x RJ45 connector 3m TWD XCA RJ030 1 x RJ45 connector and one end with hanging leads 5 3m VW3 A8 306 D30 RS 485 double shielded twisted pair trunk Modbus serial link, supplied without connector 10 100 m TSX CSA 100 cables (1) 200 m TSX CSA 200 500 m TSX CSA 500 Line terminator For RJ45 connector - R = 120 :, C = 1 nF 11 Sold in twos VW3 A8 306 RC (1) Other Modbus RS 485 cable (2-wire RS 485 + 2-wire power supply), type CCR301, catalogue number for 60 m long cable on reel 50965, Merlin Gerin brand. 122 3 0.3 m 1m - Transparent Ready products Cabling system Communication and Supervision 0 Ethernet plugs & wiring Description Schneider Electric, provides connector and wiring solutions for connecting PCs to Transparent Ready electrical equipment or Web servers to end user Intranet systems. b The Infraplus* RJ45 protection connector socket is specially designed for highly protected applications in the severe environments that can be found in electric power distribution applications. Made to IP67 standard, it offers full safety for industrial Ethernet applications. The RJ protection connector must be used with a shielded female RJ45 connector like the Infraplus RJ45 slim jack, FTP category 6. Patch cords are Ethernet cables equipped with male RJ45 connectors. b Schneider Electric offers a splitter block to simplify equipment wiring. When 10 Mbit and 100 Mbit connections with standardized Ethernet cable are used, only two of the four pairs are used, so the splitter block lets you use the remaining two pairs so that only one cable is required instead of two. Two Ethernet RJ45 are then available in the switchboard, one for EGX400 and one for the front panel protected RJ45 connector. Range selection Connectors DB108077 Half-embedded RJ protection base Cap Shielded connector Shielded connector (multiwires cables) Splitter block - Two Ethernet 10/100 Mbit Slim RJ45 Ethernet. REF: 7700GE 7762 7763 7700GE 7700XGE 7544b, 9564, 9864 Patch cord Length 0.5 m 1m 2m 3m 5m 10 m 20 m 30 m DB108079 Ethernet splitter block. REF: 9564 IP67 Ethernet RJ45. REF: 7762, 7763 FTP XG3023 XG3005 XG3006 XG3033 XG3036 XG3091 XG3092 XG3093 UTP XG2523 XG2502 XG2506 XG2533 XG2536 XG2591 XG2592 XG2593 REF: 7761 Typical design Patchcord. DB108074 The splitter block can be mounted on a switchboard rail. To link the RJ protection device, an Ethernet cable is needed with a shielded female RJ45 connector as the Infraplus RJ45 slim jack. This wiring can be performed by panelbuilders or contractors. (*) Infraplus is a company of Schneider Electric 123 Communication and supervision PowerViewTM 0 supervision software PowerLogic® PowerView™ is an easy-to-use, entry-range power monitoring solution ideally suited for small system applications. The software polls the network for compatible PowerLogic devices, simplifying system and device configuration. Connection and data logging begins automatically at factory preset intervals, settings which are easily changed by the user. PowerView allows users to track real-time power conditions and perform remote monitoring of electrical equipment or installations at key distribution points across an electrical network. Use logged values to reveal energy waste, unused capacity and historical trends. The software’s Report Builder includes time of use configurations, allowing the user to create reports with energy and demand values for time periods with specific billing requirements. Power costs can be allocated to departments or processes. Generated reports publish in Microsoft Excel for easy data access and custom reporting. PowerView is a cost-effective power monitoring solution and a key first step towards a comprehensive energy intelligence strategy. PowerView is compatible with the following devices: PM9C, PM210, PM500, ION6200, PM710, PM750, PM810, PM820, and PM850 meters, Micrologic P and Micrologic H trip units, and TORO MC devices. PowerLogic® PowerViewTM. See page 5 for details of actual parameters logged. Applications b Power consumption monitoring: use historical data for trend information; plan expansion based on actual usage; avoid over-design and use an electrical system to its full capacity. b Cost allocation: track power-related costs for building, process, or tool; create time-of-use energy profiles. b Equipment monitoring: monitor electrical equipment or installations at key distribution points across the network; monitor for pending problems or scheduled maintenance. b Strategic planning: use logged values of current, voltage, power, power factor, energy, demand power, demand current to develop strategies to avoid interruptions. b Preventative maintenance: proactively manage the power system; base maintenance schedule on actual operating history. Functions PowerView™ offers a wide range of functions: b Automated data acquisition from compatible devices b Real time viewing of data b Historical tabular data into Microsoft Excel b Historical trending b Reporting b TCP/IP, serial communications b Pre-defined meter onboard data log retrieval b Microsoft MSDE data warehouse b Backup/restore database management Part numbers PowerView software English French Spanish 124 PLVENG PLVFRA PLVESP Communication and supervision PowerViewTM (cont’d) 0 supervision software Automatic device acquisition and data integration b PowerLogic PowerView uses industry-standard Modbus TCP/IP and RS-485 (2 wire or 4 wire) protocols to interface with devices. b Easy-to-use device setup component polls the network and detects supported devices; select up to 32 devices to add to the system – or manually add/delete device connections. b Onboard meter or PC-based historical logging (depending upon device capabilities) begins automatically at default or user-defined intervals. b Microsoft MSDE database with backup/restore capabilties for reliable database management. Automatically detect and add up to 32 compatible PowerLogic® devices. Desktop access to power system information from any department, building or region. Graphical views of relevant, actionable information. Real-time monitoring b Real Time Display shows data from devices monitoring key distribution points in the electrical system. Measured quantities include current, voltage, power, power factor, energy, demand power, demand current, and total harmonic distortion (THD). b Display real-time power and energy measurements and historical trends. b View data by single device or view and compare real time data from multiple devices. b Real-time summary views: v Demand current – view the amount of electricity consumed over time. v Energy – view measured kilowatt-hours for sub-billing or comparison purposes. v Load current – measure the current required to supply load demands. v Overview – view the real energy (kWH), 3-phase current (A), real power (kW) and power factor of connected devices. v Power – measure the rate energy is drawn from electrical system (watts). v Input status summary – check the input status of I/O-capable devices. v Output status summary – check the output status of I/O-capable devices. 125 Communication and supervision PowerViewTM (cont’d) supervision software Reporting b Use Report Builder to build and generate reports in a few clicks. b Standard reports include: v General measurement – trend patterns for electrical energy usage, power demand or any other logged parameter. These reports include the referenced data points of the trend. Leverage these values in Excel to create detailed reports, enable further analysis and reveal true business conditions. v Energies by day; energies by hour – analyze measured kilowatt-hours for cost allocation or comparison purposes. v THD quantities – measure, analyze and compare total harmonic distortion v Time of Use (TOU) – define up to 3 TOU schedules each with 10 periods for energy accumulation; supports weekends, special days, holidays. b Report Builder publishes the reports in Microsoft Excel. Support load studies or expansion planning, optimize equipment use by maximizing capacity or balancing loads. Reveal critical trends, expensive processes or energy waste. Database management Microsoft MSDE database management includes: b Database backups b Database restores b Historical database management v Maintained below 2GB in size. PowerView includes robust MSDE database management. PC requirements b 5 GB Hard Drive free space. b 512M RAM Memory b 800MHz Pentium 3 class (or equivalent) Microsoft Windows operating systems supported b MS Windows 2000 Workstation Edition SP4 b MS Windows XP Professional Edition SP2 Microsoft Office required PowerLogic PowerView requires one of the following versions of MS Office installed on each workstation running PowerView: b Office 2000 b Office XP b Office 2003 126 0 Communication and supervision PowerViewTM (cont·d) 0 supervision software PE86112 Database Ethernet PowerView workstation EGX400 RS-485 EGX100 RS-485 RS-485 Compatible meters and trip units PM9C PM210 PM500 Micrologic P PM710 Micrologic H PM750 PM810 PM820 PM850 Phase current (A, B, C) Phase voltage (AN, BN, CN) Line voltage (AB, BC, CA) Power factor total Real, reactive, apparent energy (kWh, kVAR, kVAh) Real, reactive, apparent power total (kW, kVAR, kVA) Real, reactive, apparent demand total (kWd, kVARd, kVAd) Demand current (A, B, C) Neutral current THD phase voltage (AN, BN, CN) THD current (A, B, C) 127 Communication and supervision ION Enterprise® supervision software Functions and characteristics ION Enterprise® software is a complete power management solution for utility, industrial or commercial operations. Engineering and management personnel can cut energy-related costs, avoid downtime, and optimize equipment operations by using the information provided by ION Enterprise software. ION Enterprise also enables tracking of real-time power conditions, analysis of power quality and reliability, and quick response to alarms to avoid critical situations. The software forms a layer of energy intelligence across your facility, campus, service area, or your entire enterprise, acting as a unified interface to all electrical and piped utilities. Typical applications PowerLogic® ION Enterprise®. PowerLogic ION Enterprise software has many applications: Enterprise-wide energy consumption management. Cost allocation and billing. Demand and power factor control. Load studies and circuit optimization. Preventative maintenance. Equipment monitoring and control. Power quality and reliability analysis. Software architecture Data presentment ION Enterprise offers enterprise-wide, multi-user data and control access through a local server interface, a thin-client web browser, or terminal services with tiered security. Functional components The functional components of the ION Enterprise software can reside on the main server or on one or more workstations. Management Console Use this component to configure your ION Enterprise network, including communication paths, devices and logical groups. Designer Designer allows you to customize the modular functionality of your ION devices and Virtual Processors. Vista Offers real-time displays of measurements and status indicators; power quality analysis; historical trending; alarms; and manual control. Reporter Produces predefined or custom reports and offers support for third-party reporting tools. Functional components of ION Enterprise. 128 Data acquisition and management Virtual Processor The Virtual Processor performs multi-site aggregation; coordinated control; complex calculations and alarming; and logging for non-recording devices (e.g. interval kWh). Site Server Site Server performs continuous or scheduled retrieval of data from up to hundreds of remote devices over Internet, Ethernet, modem, serial, wireless, or satellite connections. SQL ODBC-compliant databases The SQL database allows you to log device data, system data, and events with accurate meter synchronization (+ 16ms or +1ms using GPS) for precise event timestamping, power quality analysis and revenue billing. This data is securely accessible using industry-standard database tools and you can add distributed databases and servers for load balancing. OPC DA (client), OPC DA (server), and PQDIF Exporter (optional) Supports data import/export with compliant devices and systems. Communication and supervision ION Enterprise® supervision software Functions and Characteristics (cont.) Functions PowerLogic ION Enterprise offers a wide range of functions: Data acquisition and integration. Alarms and events. Manual and automated control. Real-time monitoring. Reporting. Trend analysis. Power quality analysis. Patented ION® technology. Connect to meters, sensors, controllers, web services and other systems. Extract values from spreadsheets to combine with dynamic power and energy calculations. Data acquisition and integration Compatible with all PowerLogic ION metering products, ION Enterprise software can be used to access data, control on-board relays, and perform remote configuration and firmware upgrading. Integrate electricity and piped utilities metering, including gas, steam, air and water. Interface with third party meters, transducers, PLCs, RTUs, and power distribution or mitigation equipment through the use of Modbus® RTU and TCP protocols and digital/analog inputs on PowerLogic ION meters. [email protected]® email messaging allows you to access meter data over the Internet within firewall restrictions. A scalable platform enables remote devices and user clients to be added as needs grow while maintaining your original investment. Advanced energy modeling and power quality analytics is made possible by ION Enterprise’s direct operability with PowerLogic ION EEM software. The software can be integrated with other energy management or automation systems (e.g. SCADA, BAC, DCS, ERP) through ODBC, XML, OPC, and PQDIF compliance, and also integrated with web services through XML. Alarms and events ION Enterprise software allows you to receive alerts to outages or impending problems that could lead to equipment stress, failures, or downtime. You can configure alarms to trigger on power quality events, power thresholds, or equipment conditions. Meter-based alarms can be immediately pushed to the software without waiting for system polls and can be anunciated through operator workstations, pagers, email, cell phones or PDAs using messages customized for the task. The software logs complete information on an event, including related coincident conditions, all with accurate timestamps. You can schedule maintenance based on operating history, events, and alarms. Respond to a notification, then click an on-screen indicator to retrieve the time, location, and nature of the event. Click again to study waveforms, tolerance curves or a report. Manual and automated control Perform fast, manual control operations by clicking on-screen trigger buttons, and operate remote breakers, relays, and other power distribution and mitigation equipment. The Virtual Processor gathers data from multiple devices and incorporates process variables, as well as initiates automatic, coordinated control actions if predefined thresholds are exceded. ION Enterprise software supports a wide range of applications. It allows you to manage distributed generation assets, as well as to shed loads or start up peak-shaving generators in response to interruptible rates, real-time pricing, or to avoid setting a new peak demand. You can gain control over capacitor banks to correct power factor, and improve energy efficiency and avoid penalties. The software also allows you to start fans to prevent transformer overheating if total harmonic distortion is too high. Control loads, generation, and power quality mitigation equipment across your enterprise or service area. Optimize switching with the latest status and base loading data. 129 Communication and supervision ION Enterprise® supervision software Functions and characteristics (cont.) Real-time monitoring View, from any local or globally located workstation, key distribution points across one or more facilities or substations. Display real-time power and energy measurements, historical trends and data logs, alarm conditions, equipment status (on/off, temperature, pressure, etc.), control triggers, and analysis tools. Use the Virtual Processor to perform sophisticated data computations, then display and log derived values. Select pre-configured diagrams or easily create customized views comprising digital readouts, dials, bar or trend graphs, one-line or elevation diagrams, maps, photos, and animation. Set up hyper-links between diagrams, then use easy point-and-click navigation to reveal deeper layers of detail. Group relevant measurements, indicators and controls into a library of convenient views, and easily extract and analyze selected ranges of information from the database using a query wizard. Desktop access to power system information from any department, building or region. Graphical views of relevant, actionable information customized for each user. Reporting ION Enterprise software uses Microsoft® Excel™ with support for third-party tools. Reports can be generated manually, on a schedule, or on an event-driven basis and distributed through email or HTML. Standard reports include: aggregate energy and demand reports, which combine multiple feeds and costs for each tariff period over requested intervals, matched to utility billing structures, with multi-year scheduling and time-of-use activity profiles; aggregate load profile reports, which show system-wide usage patterns over the specified date range, including timestamps and peak usage; EN50160 compliance reports, which show pass/fail indicators to help you quickly assess system power quality levels, including flicker; and power quality reports, which show disturbance waveforms, voltage tolerance curves, and harmonic histograms. Trend analysis Use ION Enterprise software to generate one or more trend graph overlays for interpretation of data using simple visual analyses. Perform trending on any measured parameter: voltage, current, power factor, demand, predicted demand, energy, harmonics, temperature, etc., and create usage profiles to reveal demand peaks, dangerous trends or unused capacity. Graph aggregate load profiles from multiple metering points or compare related parameters from across your enterprise. Track system-wide energy-related costs for each building, feeder, process, or tool. Allocate costs, consolidate billing or negotiate contract volume pricing. Assure compliance with PQ standards and verify the results of operational improvements. Support load studies or expansion planning, optimize equipment use by maximizing capacity or balancing loads. Reveal critical trends, expensive processes or energy waste. 130 Communication and supervision Minimize equipment damage and downtime by pinpointing the source of disturbances, verifying the effect of system upgrades, and validating compliance with power quality standards. ION Enterprise® supervision software Functions and characteristics (cont.) Power quality analysis ION Enterprise software allows continuous, wide-area monitoring and data capture for power quality and reliability conditions. Display harmonic histograms, odd/even harmonics, THD, K-factor, crest factor, phasor diagrams, and symmetrical components. Plot waveforms of up to many seconds in duration, with overlays that correlate phase-to-phase relationships between voltages, currents, and cascading failures. Plot sags, swells, short duration transients and other disturbance events on industry-standard voltage tolerance curves, including ITIC (CBEMA) and SEMI. For any event, you can display a list of associated time-stamped incidents, then click on any incident to see more detailed information. Verify power quality compliance against EN50160 and other international standards. ION Enterprise supports a wide range of applications: Diagnosis and isolation of the cause of power quality-related equipment or process problems Proactive assessment of current power quality conditions and trends Identification of equipment vulnerabilities and verify reliable operation of power distribution and mitigation equipment Benchmarking of power quality performance and comparison of service areas, facilities, or processes Setting of a performance baseline and verification of the results of system changes or equipment upgrades Patented ION® technology PowerLogic ION Enterprise software and a variety of PowerLogic ION metering products feature the unique ION architecture. The modular, flexible architecture offers extensive customization of functionality using a simple “building block” approach. The technology uniquely addresses advanced monitoring and control applications and adapts to changing needs, avoiding obsolescence. Part numbers New systems and add-ons IONE55-BASE IONE55-DL(1) Options IONE55-CL(3) IONE-OPC-V1 IONE-PQDIF-V1 Upgrades from ION Enterprise 5.01 ION Enterprise documentation Use drag-and-drop icons to quickly create customized ION metering, logging, or control functionality within your software or hardware. Technical documentation library on CD IONE55-UPGRADE IONE55-DLUPG IONE55-CLUPG DOC-BINDER-IE5 DOC-UGUIDE-204 DOC-UGUIDE-205 CD-TECHDOC ION Enterprise base software ION Enterprise device license(2) (For 100+ devices, please call the factory for volume pricing) ION Enterprise client license OPC server version 1.0 for ION Enterprise 5.5 PQDIF Exporter version 1.0 for ION Enterprise 5.5 (Service Pack 1 or later) ION Enterprise base upgrade2 ION Enterprise device upgrade ION Enterprise client license upgrade ION Enterprise Technical Documentation Binder ION Enterprise Administrators Guide ION Enterprise Client User’s Guide Compact disc containing the latest version of technical documentation (1) A device license (IONE55-DL) is required for each meter or device connected to your ION Enterprise system. (2) Device licenses have a minimum order quantity of five (5). (3) A client license is required for each workstation that is used to connect to your primary ION Enterprise server. 131 Communication and supervision ION Enterprise® supervision software Functions and characteristics (cont.) Selection Guide ION Enterprise Products Features Automated data acquisition from sites/devices SQL data warehouse Web-enabled real-time monitoring Reporting Trend analysis Power quality analysis Alarms and events Manual and automated control OPC DA client OPC DA server PQDIF data export 132 b b b b b b b b b option option 0 Installation advice Product Modbus wiring PM800 / PM810 DB108132 PM710 0 EGX100 DB108134 EGX400 133 Installation advice Product Modbus wiring Masterpact / Compact without module chassis DB108127 Masterpact / Compact with module chassis 0 Twido DB108129 PM9C 134 1 D+ 2 D- 7 (Black) (Brown) (Blue) Installation advice Product Modbus wiring TeSys U LUTM DB108124 Altivar 0 RJ45 Sepam series 20-40-80 DB108123 TeSys U LUB RJ45 135 Product Modbus wiring Installation advice XLI300 DB108118 Altistart 4 DB 5 DA 8 (0V (Blue) (White-Blue) Brown) Motorpact RVSS DB108120 Varlogic N 5 4 3 2 1 Galaxy 136 0 Installation advice MV and LV equipment communication wiring 0 This section is intended for optimising the wiring of communicating Transparent Ready products integrated in MV & LV power equipment and the cabling of Transparent Ready equipment on-site. Earth ground and machine ground The role of an earth grounding network is to discharge to ground all leakage and fault currents from equipment, common mode currents from external cables, mainly power and telecommunication and direct lightning current. Physically, low resistance in relation to a distant earth ground is fewer relevant than the local equipotentiality of the building. In fact, the most sensitive lines are those which connect equipment together. In order to limit the flow of common mode currents in cables which do not leave the building, voltages between equipment interconnected at the site must be limited. Interconnecting buried networks is recommended. When the area of a building is small, i.e. approximately ten square meters, a simple buried belt is sufficient. For new buildings with a large surface area, we recommend linking buried conductors in a cage measuring approximately 10 m on each side. A machine or chassis ground is any conductive part of a device which is accessible to touch and, although not normally live, can become so if a fault occurs. The contact voltage of two machine grounds which are simultaneously accessible must be lower than the conventional contact limit voltage (25 V or 50 V as the case may be). This is fundamentally all that is important in personnel safety terms, rather than the ground resistance or the way in which machine grounds are earthed. Electronic equipment and systems are interconnected. The best way of ensuring efficient operation is to maintain good equipotentiality between the different devices. Inter-device equipotentiality must remain satisfactory, particularly for digital equipment, up to very high frequencies: b in cases of incompatibility, safety rules take precedence over EMC constraints b in cases of incompatibility between the recommendations in this manual and specific instructions for a device, the latter take precedence. Shielded Cables A shielded cable provides excellent protection against electromagnetic interference, particularly high frequencies. The effectiveness of a shielded cable depends on the choice of shielding and, even more importantly, on how it is installed. Choice of cable The choice of shielding quality depends on the type of connection. Schneider Electric defines the cables for each fieldbus and local network so as to ensure the electromagnetic compatibility of the installation. The problem with taped cables is their fragility. The protective effect of taped cables at HF is reduced as the cable is subject to different forces, such as traction and torsion. Single braid cables are the most common minimum solution for industrial applications. From a few MHz, the protective effect can reach several hundred MHz using a single braid if the shielding connections are suitable. Flexible, strong shielding makes installation fairly simple, and is compatible with Sub-D or mini-DIN connectors. Where should the connection be made? Unidirectional connection of the shielding prevents LF currents from flowing through the braid. The shielding masks the LF electric field. Differential signals are thus protected in LF mode. In HF mode, this type of connection is not effective. Bidirectional connection of the shielding can be used to protect against the most severe interference: HF common mode. The problem with bilateral connections is that at low frequencies a current can flow on the shielding (voltage between the two ends or looped field coupling). This current generates a low voltage, sometimes called "hum", or 50 Hz noise, on the pair inside. Both ends of the external shielding of all digital or power connections should be connected to the machine ground at their point of entry into the equipment. Only lowlevel low frequency unshielded analogue connections should be connected at one end only. 137 MV and LV equipment communication wiring Installation advice 0 Wiring rules for panelbuilders Rule no. 1 The outward and return conductors must always be adjacent to each other. For digital or analogue signals, the use of pairs is a minimum requirement. Special attention should be paid to wiring inside enclosures which use separated conductors. The wires must be labelled by signal type and by pair. Special case: the wiring for chains of emergency stop and alarm systems must never be single wire point-topoint but in pairs. Rule no. 2 Fastening all connections to grounding equipotential structures is recommended in order to benefit from an HF protective effect. Ideally, shielded cables or shielded multiple strands should systematically be used. Nevertheless, the use of ducts for conducting cables provides a satisfactory level of protection in most cases. As a minimum, connection cables between or within buildings should also have a grounding connection: grounding wire or cable ducts. For connections inside enclosures and machines, cables should be systematically fastened against a metal plate. In order to maintain the correct protective effect, the following ratio should be observed: distance between cables/radius of thickest cable > 5. Rule no. 3 Only pairs used for analogue, digital and telecommunications signals may be adjacent to each other in the same bundle or laid in the same cable group. Relays, speed drives, supply and power circuits should be separated from the above pairs. When installing variable speed drives, it is important to ensure that power connections are clearly separated from data links. Whenever possible, a cable duct should be reserved for power connections in enclosures. Rule no. 4 The same connector should not be used for connecting different families, except for relays, supply and power circuits. If the same connector is used for both analogue and digital signals, these must be separated by a row of pins at the 0 V connection. Rule no. 5 All unused conductors in a cable should be systematically connected to the chassis ground at both ends, except for analogue cables. This provides a protective effect with a factor of approximately five in HF. Rule no. 6 Power cables do not need to be shielded if they are filtered. The power outputs of variable speed drives must therefore be either shielded or filtered. Electromagnetic Caging Linking the grounding elements inside an enclosure or a small machine is essential since these elements are directly accessible to electronic equipment. All the metal structures of the bay will thus be interconnected. Equipotential connections for safety purposes must be complemented by direct connections between all elements in the machine or enclosure. Systematic use of a grid or cage at the back of the enclosure for mounting all equipment is recommended. DB108087 Warning: most protective coatings have an insulating effect. 138 Installation advice MV and LV equipment communication wiring 0 Installation Protecting external connections to the equipment Most of the problems encountered on-site are conduction related. It is essential that all wiring connections outside enclosures or machines be protected. A grounding strip or potential reference plate (PRP) will be defined for each enclosure and each machine. All shielded cables and all wiring protection systems outside that enclosure or machine should be connected to it. This PRP can be one of the metal plates of the enclosure or its DIN cage. The PRP should always be connected to the electromagnetic caging of the enclosure or machine and to that of the equipment group. In plastic enclosures (not recommended), a DIN rail or grounding terminal should be used. Connecting shielded cables The way in which shielded cables are connected directly determines the HF protective effect. If the connection is made using a "pigtail", i.e. a single wire, protection is no longer provided at HF levels. A shielded fixed connection through the wall using a metal cable gland is the best solution, providing the paint is removed in order to ensure good electrical contact. A jumper can also be used, to ensure contact over at least 180°. Using cable ducts Cable ducts outside enclosures must be made of metal if over three meters long. These ducts must have end-to-end electrical continuity and be directly connected to the grounds of enclosures and machines using trunking joints or connection bars. Any other cable should only be used in cases where no other solution is possible. If a single duct is used, it must be no longer than 30 m if possible. Unshielded cables must be fixed in the corners of the ducts as shown in the figure below. Vertical separation in the duct avoids mixing incompatible cables. A metal cover on signal half-ducts is recommended. It should be noted that a full metal cover on the duct does not improve EMC. Example: shielded digital connections less than 300 meters in length, without analogue cables. As soon as the length calculated for an installation condition is no longer sufficient (100 meters in the first example), the configuration's EMC must be improved. A vertical separation in the duct is used to avoid mixing incompatible cables. A metal cover on the half-duct of signal cables limits the interference from signals. The EMC conditions to be observed are thus: b each half-duct is no more than 50 % full b the separation is made of metal and in contact with the duct throughout its length b the cover is in contact with the separation throughout its length. Make allowance for possible future developments. 139 Installation advice Wiring on site 0 Connections between buildings They have two characteristics which can result in risks for the installation: b poor equipotentiality between the grounding elements of installations b large loop areas between data cables and grounding elements. Before installing and connecting a data cable between two buildings, it is essential to check that the two ground connections of the buildings are interconnected. All grounds which are simultaneously accessible must be connected to the same ground connection, or at least to a set of interconnected ground connections. This constraint is fundamental for the safety of personnel. The second risk related to connections between buildings is the loop area between data cables and grounding elements. This loop is particularly critical in the event of an indirect lightning strike on the site. The overvoltages induced in these loops through indirect impact of lightning are in the order of a hundred volts per square meter. In order to limit this risk, all cables laid between two buildings must be duplicated by a large-gauge equipotential connection (Ø 35 mm2). Ethernet segments arrangements Based upon the 802.3, the distance limits and the number of devices in cascade are the following: Type 10BASE-T 100BASE-TX 1000BASE-T 10BASE-FL 100BASE-FX Maximum segment length (1) Maximum segment length (offered by ConneXium devices) Maximum number of hubs in cascade Maximum number of switches in cascade 100 m 100 m 100 m 2000 m 412 m / 2000 m 100 m 100 m 100 m 3100 m (2) 4000 m with multimode 32500 m with monomode 4 2 11 (fiber ring) - Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited (3) 1000BASE-SX 275 m Unlimited (1) Based on 802.3, full duplex/half duplex. (2) Depends on the optical budget and fiber attenuation. (3) Depends on the optical fiber budget and fiber attenuation, typical specification is 2 km for multimode and 15 km from monomode. 140 Installation advice Communication Testing 0 Checking communication links in electrical devices This section presents the general approach to implementing communication links between Transparent Ready products: rigorously applying these principles makes it possible to avoid a first source of errors and time lost due to communications that do not work. Refer to the product documentation for detailed information on configuration and wiring. RS 485 Modbus serial link All products must be configured and wired identically. Configuration: transmission speed at 19.2 kbauds, even parity. Wiring: RS 485 two wires link, line adapter resistor and polarisation supply depending on the product, the Bus+ and Bus- wires are not grounded, shields are grounded. Line termination: fit a termination resistor at the end of the daisy-chain. Ethernet TCP/IP Connect a PC to an EGX400 with a cross connected Ethernet cable. Force PC Ethernet communication by setting an IP address and subnet mask that are compatible with the workshop. Set EGX400 configuration (using Start > Connections > TCP/IP Properties with Windows XP). Check the Ethernet TCP/IP link with the EGX400 connected on the workshop Intranet. EGX400 b load the Web pages using WPG, the EGX400 configuration tool b configure the serial ports b configure the list of products connected, one by one b connect a single product to EGX400 and check one device at a time b check the EGX400 Web pages by sending voltage and current levels to the Transparent Ready product. Example: panelbuilders check the RS 485 and Ethernet transmission links and measure them at the shop. This way they can issue a factory inspection report. Final on-site inspection Ethernet TCP/IP To connect the EGX400 to the facility Intranet: the facility IT manager provides a fixed IP address, a subnet mask and the address of the default gateway: b fixed IP address: a unique address for each EGX400. It is "fixed" insomuch as the IT system that automatically assigns IP addresses (the DHCP service) for each new connection to the Intranet, e.g. on power up, does not have to assign it an available address b subnet mask: linked to the IP address, this number identifies the LAN segment where the EGX400 is located b default gateway: the address of a local IP router located on the same LAN segment and that is used to send the traffic towards destinations located beyond this LAN segment. Checking the measurements in real life Power up the electric switchboard in line with the applicable safety requirements and check the values on the Web pages. The complete measurement sequence is factory tested, all you need to test is the power part of the MV or LV switchboard. 141 Modbus Serial Link De facto industrial standard Installation advice 0 DB108096 Modbus is a messaging protocol between Transparent Ready devices connected to an RS 485 physical transmission bus. The industry’s serial de facto standard since 1979, Modbus continues to enable millions of automation devices to communicate. The same communication functions are provided by serial links and Ethernet TCP/IP networks. DB108097 Modbus is a request/reply protocol offering services specified by function codes. Every device connected to the Modbus network is user configured with an identification number, called the Modbus address, from 1 to 247. The EGX400 Web server simultaneously queries all devices with a message made up of the target address, the request type, the function code, the location in the device and the quantity of data, up to a maximum of 253 bytes. Only a device that is configured with the corresponding address responds to the data request. Exchanges are performed at the EGX400's initiative only: this is the way Modbus master-slave half duplex (alternating exchanges) communication works. DB108098 The function codes can cover reading or writing data. In the standard Transparent Ready range of systems for electric power distribution functions, no writing to open circuit breaker is possible. A software transmission error detection mechanism called CRC16 is used to ensure that an erroneous message will be repeated and that only the one device will answer. This query procedure followed by a response implies that the EGX400 does not simultaneously have access to all of the data available from all of the products: the server successively performs one transaction per device. This layout therefore leads to restricting the number of products connected in order to retain response times that are acceptable to the user. Master / Slave scenario time diagram. 142 Intranet Becoming comfortable with TCP/IP Installation advice 0 Your Intranet and Transparent Ready Your IT infrastructure handles cohabitation between software applications Your company uses its IT infrastructure to run office applications, printing, backing up data, for the corporate IT system, accounting, purchasing, ERP, for running production installations, PLCs, MES, etc. Data cohabitation on the same communication media does not give rise to any particular problem. Application data transits an Ethernet LAN The communication media used around the world is generally a wired Ethernet network so that connections are available everywhere within office or industrial facilities and in production shops. Transparent Ready technology can also integrate into this Ethernet media. On the same Ethernet LAN, Transparent Ready uses the same services as your Intranet If your company also has an Intranet internal communication network for exchanging e-mails, for sharing the data available on Web servers, you will be using a widely used and standardised communication protocol: TCP/IP. The TCP/IP communication protocol supports Web services that are in widespread use like HTTP for accessing Web pages, SMTP, e-mail messaging, among other services. Transparent Ready also uses TCP/IP and Web services since 1996. Applications Transport Link Physical SNMP NTP RTPS DHCP TFTP FTP UDP HTTP SMTP TCP IP Ethernet 802.3 and Ethernet II Modbus MIB Transparent Ready Example: are your PCs connected together on a data network, an Ethernet network? Then a Transparent Ready solution is possible, just connect your Prisma Plus panel to the LAN and access the electrical data from your favourites on your Internet browser. Electrical data accessible with a Web browser On-line electric power cabinet TCP/IP and Web technologies are used in Schneider Electric power cabinets: the electrical data is collected in a small sized Web server (EGX400), just a single board in a case, connected to the cabinet's measurement and protection devices (PM700, Sepam, Micrologic, etc.). The company's electric power situation from your favourites This Web server is connected to the facility computer network: via the HTTP Web service, your browser will show you the pages it contains. These pages display the cabinet's essential electric power measurements. 143 Intranet Becoming comfortable with TCP/IP Installation advice 0 Security Well informed, more efficient staff members, kept safe from electrical hazards There is no longer any need to enter electric power distribution areas. As standard, no commands can be sent to electric power devices, it is only possible to view data: this is the condition to be met to ensure that company staff get immediate and significant gains from the new system. Completely safe collaborative work becomes possible, whether for electricians, maintenance or production technicians or managers. Depending on how sensitive the data is, the IT manager will assign user access rights. Marginal impact on LAN maintenance The company's IT manager has the technical characteristics available for adding and supervising devices on the LAN. The very low data traffic levels, the use of technology that is not affected by viruses and the use of world-wide standards means that there is no need for any bespoke investment spending to preserve LAN performance levels or to protect against additional security problems (viruses, hackers, etc.). DB108100 Fostering responsibility in outside partners Depending on the company's security policy, it becomes possible to get the support of the usual partners involved in the electrical field: contractors, facility managers, panelbuilders, system integrators or Schneider Electric service can all assist and analyse electrical data remotely. The EGX400 Web server can regularly send data by e-mail or Web pages can be viewed remotely using suitable techniques. 144 Installation advice Traditionally and for many years now in electrical distribution applications, monitoring and control systems have been centralised and based on Scada (supervisory, control and data acquisition) automation systems. Transparent Ready from basic monitoring to enterprise system 0 From centralised systems to smart equipment groups Deciding to invest in such systems, described a 3 in the figure below, was really reserved for high demanding installation, because either they were big power consumers, or their process was very sensitive to any lack of power quality. Based on automation technology, such systems were very often designed, customised by a system integrator, and then delivered on-site. However the initial cost, the skills needed to correctly operate such a system, and the cost of upgrades to follow the evolutions of the network may have discouraged potential users to invest. Then, based on a dedicated solution for electricians, the other approach described as 2 is much better suited to the specific needs of an electrician network and really increases the payback from such a system. However, due to its centralised architecture, the entry level of such a solution may still appear high. On some site type 2 and type 3 systems can cohabit, providing the most accurate information to the electrician when needed. Nowadays, the new concept of Transparent Ready power equipment, described as 1 , has come. Taking the opportunity offered by Web technologies, it has become a truly affordable solution for most users. Moreover the site owner can invest gradually in more sophisticated monitoring systems. A powerful capability offered by the Transparent Ready solution is that the level 1 system directly addresses the needs of specialised staff members, whether the user's electrical technicians or facility management or the manufacturer’s service personnel. Level 1 can then be considered as a stepping stone for moving on to level 2 or 3 , due to the ability of these solutions to co-exist at a single facility. ION-E 145 Transparent Ready from basic monitoring to enterprise system Installation advice System 1 Note that level 1 Web pages do not allow operating the control mechanisms on circuit breakers or other power equipment, as described in this catalogue. Only levels 2 or 3 allow control actions in line with safe software procedures developed by system integrators. Level 1 Web pages display a selected set of electrical data available from Transparent Ready products. Note: all other data can be accessed using any device that runs the Modbus TCP/IP protocol (router capability) simultaneously with the ability to display Web pages (server capability). Cohabitation between level 1 and level 3 architectures The Transparent Ready solution truly innovates: a Scada system can operate the electrical equipment and maintenance staff can simultaneously take advantage of the measurements displayed on the EGX400 Web pages. As the Scada system detects a global alarm from the process, the operator, who is not an electrician, can ask the electrical staff to check the problem from their own dedicated power equipment Web pages. DB108102 Intelligent equipment based architecture This new architecture has appeared recently due to Web technology capabilities, and can really be positioned as an entry point into monitoring systems. Based on Web technologies, it makes the most of standard communication services and protocols and license-free software. Access to electricity data can be gained from anywhere on site, and electrical staff can gain a lot in efficiency. Expertise in electro-technical fields is not needed, merely common sense to react to the quantities displayed by the Web system. Openness to the Internet is also offered for off-site services, e.g. contractors, facility managers, panelbuilders or Schneider Electric service. Setting up these systems is typically a speciality performed by panelbuilders used to integrating LV and MV power equipment with metering and protection devices. No system integrator skills and no software development are needed. 146 Transparent Ready from basic monitoring to enterprise system Installation advice System 2 DB108103 A centralised architecture dedicated to electricians Expert electricians may use an architecture based on a specific centralised supervision system that fully matches the needs for monitoring an electrical network. In this kind of system, all electrical distribution devices are already present in the dedicated library. The purchase costs are minimised in comparison with a digital control system or a Scada system. A degree of system integration effort, although limited, is required: tuning the operating system, database management, LAN interfacing, customising displays. ION-E System 3 DB108104 Conventional general purpose centralised architecture Here is a typical architecture based on standard automation components like Scada systems and gateways. Despite their real efficiency, these architectures suffer from some drawbacks like: b the level of skills required to operate them b poor upgradeability b and in the end, risky financial returns from such solutions. They are however unparalleled for highly demanding facilities and remain highly relevant for central operation rooms. Here system integrators have a major contribution to make to dedicated automation functions (real time performance levels), specific man machine interface tasks and in integrating communication systems from various manufacturers. "Intelligent service" Access to real-time electrical information - local Access to real-time electrical information - remote Mobile access to information Facility-wide monitoring (ED network) Multi-process monitoring Data logging Trending Alarming Remote control - automated functions Advanced functions to optimise the electrical network management Capabilities Easiness of use / training for electricians Affordability (based on initial cost) Upgradeability to match network evolutions Intelligent power equipment Electrical Distribution specialist monitoring General purpose site monitoring bb bb bbb b b b b b b b bbb bb bbb bbb bbb bbb b bbb bb bbb bbb bb bb bb bbb - bbb bbb bb bb bb bb - 147 Transparent Ready from basic monitoring to enterprise system Installation advice 0 DB108106 Complementarity between electric power distribution and industrial automation systems Transparent Ready is the Schneider Electric solution that is common to both electric power distribution fields and industrial automation systems in order to distribute data from Ethernet TCP/IP and Web service technologies. This advanced communication solution is available in our products, for use in different areas: b electric power distribution: v simple monitoring of essential electric power measurements and/or v control and monitoring functions on the electric power network for facilities that, for example, require automatic network reconfiguration functions like oil refineries do b industrial automation systems: real time communications and data sharing without intermediaries, between the various applications that make up an industrial process and diagnosis on PLCs and other automation systems connected to Ethernet, such as man-machine interfaces, speed drives, etc. ION-E In electric power distribution applications, the PowerLogic range of solutions fulfils specialised electric power distribution measurement functions with Circuit Monitor and Power Meter products. Numerous other specialist electric protection, motor control, UPS management systems, etc. also fulfil additional electric power network measurement functions and also add diagnosis functions for the corresponding power devices: asynchronous motors, transformers, etc. Example: Altivar speed drives provide indications on a motor's thermal condition. Some of them can simultaneously perform commands affecting power devices, circuit breakers, motors, at the request of the control and monitoring systems. Example: Sepam, Micrologic, Altivar, etc. This combination offers the prospect of useful expansion to systems at facilities where electric power distribution and consumption needs demand automatic decision making based on relevant electrical measurements. Note: a Transparent Ready for automation and control applications catalogue is available. This document is dedicated to system integration aspects. Page for download at www.transparentready.com. 148 Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP Expert level Installation advice This section is dedicated to information technology specialists. Any company that has a Local Area Network (LAN) for its office computing needs: shared printer, file servers or for other conventional applications like production management, purchasing management, etc., is ready to connect Transparent Ready electrical equipment. The objective is to demonstrate how Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP is now an industrial standard for medium and large, single or multiple facility installations, fully compatible with existing Intranet systems used on-site. b the industrial communication standard: Ethernet TCP/IP b Ethernet TCP/IP communication services: Modbus on TCP/IP b security b means of access to electrical data from Intranet/Internet b other services. 0 The industrial communication standard: Ethernet TCP/IP The recognition of Ethernet TCP/IP, both in organisations and on the Internet, has made it today's communication standard. Its widespread use is leading to a reduction in connection costs, increased performance and the addition of new functions, which all combine to ensure its durability. Ethernet TCP/IP meets the connection requirements of every application: b twisted pair copper cables for simplicity and low cost b optical fiber for immunity to interference and for long distances b communication redundancy, inherent to the IP protocol b radio or satellite systems to overcome wiring restrictions b remote point-to-point access via the telephone network or the Internet for the cost of a local call. With its high speed, the network no longer limits application performance. Network architecture can evolve without difficulty and products remain compatible, ensuring long-term system durability. Transparent Ready solutions use Ethernet and TCP/IP in a way that is fully compatible with any other applications using the same Ethernet wiring system and TCP/IP technology, thanks to its total conformity to applicable international standards. Example: there is no need for a dedicated Ethernet cable for Transparent Ready solutions, just use the existing Ethernet infrastructure. Ethernet TCP/IP communication services: Modbus on TCP/IP Transparent Ready products allow communication on a single Ethernet TCP/IP network In addition to universal Internet services (HTTP, BOOTP/DHCP, FTP, etc.), the Transparent Ready device communication services designed for use in industrial applications include, depending on the devices: b Modbus TCP messaging b SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) network administration b NTP (Network Time Protocol) time synchronisation b notification of events via e-mail with SMTP. Modbus TCP/IP messaging: now a standard Web service Modbus has been the de facto standard for serial link protocols in industry since 1979. It is used for communications by millions of devices. As a result of this success, the IANA institute (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) has assigned the port TCP 502 which is reserved for the Modbus protocol. Modbus and Modbus TCP are recognised by IEC 61158 international standard as a fieldbus. They are also compliant with the "Chinese National Standard" managed by ITEI. Visit the Web site at www.modbus-ida.org. Modbus can thus be used for exchanging automation data on both Ethernet TCP/IP and the Internet, as well as for all other applications (file exchanges, Web pages, e-mail, etc.). Because of the simplicity of its protocol and the high speed of 100 Mbits/s Ethernet, Modbus TCP/IP delivers excellent performance. See www.modbus-ida.com. An identical application protocol is used for Modbus serial link or Modbus on Ethernet TCP/IP: this therefore makes it possible to route messages between both types of network without changing protocol. As Modbus is implemented above the TCP/IP layer, users can benefit from IP routing, which enables devices located anywhere in the world to communicate. Schneider Electric offers an entire range of Web servers and routers for interconnecting a Modbus TCP/IP network to an existing Modbus serial link network. When accessing product data on the Modbus serial link, using Modbus messaging, the servers and routers have no added value other than translating addresses, encapsulating and un-encapsulating Modbus frames in TCP/IP protocol, whatever function code is used (transparent data access). Network management Time synchronisation Global data FDR faulty device replacement Applications SNMP NTP RTPS DHCP Transport Link Physical TFTP FTP Web server E-mail HTTP SMTP UDP TCP open Message handling Modbus TCP IP Ethernet 802.3 and Ethernet II Modbus I/O Scanning MIB Transparent Ready Standards of connection used by Transparent Ready Services 149 Installation advice Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP Expert level Our servers and routers thus provide products on the Modbus serial link with Ethernet bandwidth and a multi-master operating capability. Up to ten TCP sockets can be simultaneously processed on EGX400 server for sharing between users with browser and control systems. One TCP socket then has to be set up to access the various Modbus devices connected to EGX400 and their registers. This latter function is also effective when the Modbus master is connected directly to one of the two Modbus serial link ports on the servers and routers (configured this way). Example: multi-master operating capability means that the user can display the Web pages with their own browser, while another user displays the same or different Web pages from the same server and that a digital control system can access the same data from the same or different connected products on this server. Note: a router has no embedded Web pages (see EGX100) as a Web server is not only a router but also embeds Web pages. Modbus TCP/IP characteristics Maximum size of data: b read: 125 words or registers b write: 100 words or registers. EGX400 Web server mechanisms for dynamic reading via the Web Note: EGX400 uses a fixed IP address. EGX400 uses HTML language for serving the Web pages containing dynamic values associated with the products on the Modbus serial link, and is therefore compatible with all Web browsers. This mechanism is totally transparent to users who only need their IP address or domain name. When the Web page is viewed (action 1 , receiving an HTTP request from the Web client), the EGX400 analyses the contents of the requested Web page, detects any "<PL>" tag, then executes the Modbus services required for reading the dynamic variables (actions 2 and 3 ), fills in the HTML page accordingly and sends it all back as if it were a static page (action 4 ). The HTML page is displayed on the browser screen. The page is automatically updated by the browser every five seconds. "<PL>" tag The dynamic data in the page uses a "<PL>" tag inserted in the code which specifies the characteristics of the Modbus service required for finding the value of this variable in the Transparent Ready products connected to the EGX400. Characteristics are Modbus function code, Modbus address, register no., LSB order, unit. Security Stakes and risk classification Information system security is intended to protect against information system related risks. These risks are dependent on a number of factors: b threats made against the devices to protect b device vulnerabilities b device sensitivity which is a combination of different factors: confidentiality, integrity, availability. This is why the equation is generally expressed as: Risk = Threat x Vulnerability x Sensitivity. The main effective threats that one may face comprise: b the user: the vast majority of IT security related problems are user related (through carelessness or maliciousness) b malicious programs: a program that is designed to damage or abuse system resources is installed whether by accident or maliciously on the system, opening the door to intrusion or modifying data b intrusion: persons succeed in accessing data or programs that they are not supposed to access b accidents (theft, fire, water damage): a bad move or malicious action that leads to a loss of equipment and/or data. Generally, IT system managers have implemented security procedures and equipment. Example: identifying persons authorised to use the IT infrastructure, firewall, DMZ, etc. 150 0 Installation advice Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP Expert level 0 Specific security risks on Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP b Ethernet TCP/IP is a universal communication network that is familiar and accessible to a huge number of users b the use of Ethernet TCP/IP for Transparent Ready products enables external connection without the need for any interface. Main risks: b overflow of multiple "PING" requests with the ICMP protocol to create a denial of service to the module b reading/modification of Web server pages with the FTP protocol b modification of variables in Transparent Ready products by using Modbus TCP/IP protocol. Minor risks: b virus risks are extremely limited at industrial system level, as they are based on well known widespread operating systems b increase in traffic on Ethernet: as the Modbus TCP/IP messaging traffic is limited as regards message size and frequency (no permanent traffic, no printer traffic, only on requests from few users), this can be neglected. These risks must be dealt with at each level: b possibility of using a router as access manager to the lower levels, by filtering the IP addresses and authorised communication protocols b set up an internal security policy, ensuring that only authorised persons can connect to the network locally. Use the authentication, password and IP address filtering functions available at control system product level. Example: EGX400 case. Three different types of users can access the data through dedicated passwords: the administrator, the user authorised to modify some basic settings, the read-only user. Means of access to electrical data from Intranet/Internet Intranet The Transparent Ready solution is primarily dedicated to use via Intranet, even if it remains possible, under certain conditions and under an access control, to gain device access over the Internet. Internet Internet access to a Transparent Ready device must necessarily be thought by IT systems managers, depending on the security procedures applicable within their organisation. Medium sized company Many small or medium sized companies, located in an office or industrial building already have an Intranet for office computing, accounting or production management purposes, for example. From the moment that one or more PCs are networked, Transparent Ready electrical devices can also be connected and make their Web pages available. These companies have limited IT systems infrastructures. The facility is typically connected to Internet through a provider with a connection via an ordinary phone line or, as is more and more often the case, via an ADSL broadband line and an intelligent modem. The provider assigns the facility a fixed IP address that is therefore accessible from the outside world. To access the Transparent Ready device from Internet via the facility's intranet, as is the case for example for a duty agent at home, the modem is generally able to create one or more VPN (Virtual Private Network) connections when the staff member or service provider establishes the remote connection. This remotely accessed modem, the RAS Remote Access Server modem, makes it possible to authenticate persons wishing to access the electrical device at the time when the procedure starting the VPN is run. In addition, either a firewall is installed by the facility's IT systems manager or the provider offers a firewall, thereby securing the data flows exchanged with the Internet. The firewall on the way into the facility Intranet must be configured to allow access to the Web pages generated by the Transparent Ready devices (HTTP service). 151 Ethernet Modbus TCP/IP Expert level DB108110 Installation advice 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # 0 * Large company, multi-sites, multiple facilities Different solutions are possible: b the IT manager can install a VPN server for roaming staff members who wish to access a Transparent Ready device. In this case it is necessary to install a VPN client on the PC. This is the preferred solution. b using a firewall and reverse proxy application relays, it is possible to allow incoming data access to Transparent Ready devices. The staff member can, using a domain name, easily access EGX400 web pages. Incoming data flows are not however always allowed, depending on the applicable security policy. It is possible to create a DMZ if the EGX400 is not too far away geographically. Other services Setting the time The EGX400 can have its time set by the Web NTP service which is generally supported by a server in major companies. Sending e-mail using the EGX400 It is necessary to grant the EGX400 permission to send e-mail messages, depending on the way the company's SMTP services are secured. SNMP service The EGX400 MIB is made available to the network manager using the SNMP service. Consult your local Schneider Electric correspondent for detailed information. 152 0 Glossary 0 Access The ability to access information available on a network. Address A reference number assigned to an interfaced device. Baud rate The speed at which data is transmitted over communication lines. Expressed in bits per second. Bits A contraction of binary digits, the smallest unit of data in binary notation. A bit takes the value of zero (0) or one (1). For example, binary number 0110 comprises four bits. Bluetooth Bluetooth makes cable and infrared connections superfluous and allows wireless data exchange between devices. The radio distance can be up to 10 meters. BOOTP/DHCP (RFC1531) BOOTP/DHCP is used to automatically provide the devices with the IP parameters. This avoids having to manage the addresses of each device individually. Management is instead performed in a dedicated IP address server. DHCP protocol (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is used to automatically assign the devices their configuration parameters. DHCP is an extension of BOOTP. DHCP protocol is made up of two components: b one for providing the IP network address b one for providing the IP parameters specific to the device from a DHCP server. Telemecanique devices can be: b BOOTP clients allowing automatic recovery of an IP address from a server b BOOTP servers enabling a device to distribute IP addresses to the network stations. Coaxial cable A cable consisting of an outer conductor concentric with an inner conductor, separated from each other by insulating material. Crossover cable for Ethernet Specific cable for direct connection between two Ethernet devices. Available from any IT retailer. Daisy chain The physical method for wiring devices in series. Domain Corresponds to the address of the Internet, Intranet or Extranet site on the Web. To stop two individuals or corporate entities from registering the same domain name there are management organisations tasked with ensuring consistency in Internet "naming", like NIC for .fr and InterNIC for .com, .net and .org names. Example: journaldunet.com is a domain name. EIA (Electronic Industries Association) A standards organisation specialising in the electrical and functional characteristics of interface equipment. EN 50160 Standard NF EN 50160 was created to characterise the quality of the voltage supplied. This standard presents the various types of interference that can affect the voltage supply to the customer's delivery point, depending on the waveform, voltage level, frequency and unbalance in the case of a three-phase system. It therefore lists the parameters to be monitored and the duration of any monitoring. Ethernet address A unique number that identifies the device on the Ethernet network, called a MAC address. 153 Glossary 0 Ethernet A specification for local communication networks that employs cable as a passive communication medium to interconnect different kinds of computers, data processing products and office equipment at a local site. A local area network communication protocol in widespread use and corresponding to standard 802.3 as defined by the IEEE. All Macintosh computers and many PCs are provided with an Ethernet 10/100 interface for quickly setting up a small scale LAN and also for connecting to Internet via a cable or ADSL modem. The system's bandwidth is 10 Mbit/s (for normal Ethernet) and 100 Mbit/s (for Fast Ethernet) or 1000 Mbit/s (for Gigabit Ethernet). A 10/100 interface exchanges data at a rate of 10 Mbit/s or 100 Mbit/s. Fibre optics A medium that uses light conducted through glass or plastic fibres for data transmission. Firewall A computer system that allows the selective transit of data between an internal network and a public one as well as neutralising attempts to penetrate the internal network originating from the public network. The term "firewall" can refer to a number of security mechanisms. It may be a router (filtering router), a station equipped with two network interfaces (an Internet bastion) or a combination of both of these two systems. Firmware Operating system and/or program within a device. Lead / Lag Inductive/capacitive current product's lagging/leading power factor. Multipoint communications A method of communication in which a single device can communicate with multiple devices. NEMA standards Property characteristics adopted as standard by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. Network A group of computing devices that are connected to each other by communication lines to share information and resources. NTP "Network Time Protocol" (RFC 1305) NTP (Network Time Protocol) is used to synchronise the time of a client or server device from a time server. Depending on the network used, it provides the following time precision based on the UTC: b several milliseconds on a local area network (LAN) b several tens of milliseconds on a wide area network (WAN). PLC - Programmable logic controller Programmable logic controller (PLC) - a solid state control system that has a user programmable memory for storage instruction to implement specific functions such as I/O control logic, timing, counting, arithmetic and data manipulation. Protocol Standardised procedure for establishing a communication link between devices that is based on such elements as word structure or word length. PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network Term for the entire, world-wide telephone network. RJ45 An 8-pin network connector, in widespread use on Ethernet networks. RJ11 is a four contact connector used in telephone applications. 154 0 224,)-'3(!3)23(%24//+8-%36.1*1%/1%2%-3%$"8!/%1&%#35.+3!'%2.41#%6)3( !-!,/+)34$%.& )2!+.!$3(!3#!- # !"2.1".1/1.5)$%!#3)5%/.6%1 # !"2.1".1/1.5)$%1%!#3)5%/.6%1 (%,%!241%$5!+4%2!1% # 3(%5.+3!'%/1.5)$%$"82%15)-'!23(%/(!2%1%&%1%-#% # 3(%#411%-331!5%++)-'"%36%%-!-$$)22.#)!3)-'/(!2%!-$/(!2%04!$1!3% 5.+3!'%#.,/.-%-32 (%+.!$#.-5%-3).-)242%$-!,%+8 # /.6%16(%3(%1!#3)5%.11%!#3)5%24//+)%$3.2823%,)2/.2)3)5% # /.6%16(%3(%1!#3)5%.11%!#3)5%24//+)%$"82823%,)2-%'!3)5% Sign of power SMTP "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol" ),/+%!)+1!-2&%11.3.#.+)2!-%,!)+31!-2,)22).-2%15)#%3)242%$3. 2%-$%,!)+2"%36%%-!2%-$%1!-$!1%#)/)%-35)!!-%,!)+2%15%1 SNMP "Simple Network Management Protocol" 2!-$ (%-3%1-%3#.,,4-)38$%5%+./%$23!-$!1$&.1,!-!')-'3(%$)&&%1%-3 #.,/.-%-32.&!-%36.1*3(1.4'(!2)-'+%2823%,(%-%36.1*,!-!'%,%-32823%, #!-%7#(!-'%$!3!6)3(!'%-3$%5)#%2()2&4-#3).-%-!"+%23(%,!-!'%13. 5)%63(%23!342.&3(%-%36.1*!-$$%5)#%2,.$)&83(%)1#.-&)'41!3).-!-$&%%$"!#* !+!1,2)-3(%%5%-3.&&!)+41% 1!-2/!1%-3%!$8$%5)#%2!1%#.,/!3)"+%!-$#!--!341!++8"%)-3%'1!3%$)- !-%36.1*,!-!'%$5)! URL - Uniform Resource Locator (%#.11%2/.-$23.!--3%1-%31%2.41#%!$$1%22!-8 %"/!'%.1&)+%!-$3(% /!3(3.&.++.63.1%!#()3(%!$$1%22#!-"%1%!$&1.,3(%"1.62%192$)!+.'".7 155 All the guarantees of a leading brand Quality Certiﬁcation For the past 80 years, Merlin Gerin has won a solid reputation for quality and innovation by incorporating high-tech technologies in its circuit-breakers. Requirements for reliability, ﬂexibility and simplicity have since always been priorities. The reliability of PowerLogic measuring and metering products must be total. Such reliability is obtained thanks to faultless quality at all stages, from design to operation, in complete compliance with international standards and local certiﬁcation. Distribution and service network Environmentally friendly products With more than 5000 sales outlets in 130 countries, you are guaranteed to ﬁnd world-wide the range of products complying with your needs and satisfying user country standards perfectly. Schneider Electric commits itself to an environmental approach, manufacturing products in keeping with the requirements of European Directive RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) in non-polluting ISO 14001 certiﬁed manufacturing units. The system approach The Guiding System, this is ﬁrst of all a Merlin Gerin product offer covering all electrical distribution needs. These products are designed to operate together: mechanical and electrical compatibility, interoperability, modularity, communication. In this way, the electrical installation is both optimised and more efﬁcient: enhanced continuity of supply, increased safety for people and equipment, guaranteed open-endedness, effective monitoring and contro. Schneider Electric Industries SAS 89 boulevard Franklin Roosevelt F-92500 Rueil Malmaison (France) Tel.: +33 (0)1 41 29 85 00 http://www.schneider-electric.com http://www.merlin-gerin.com DITED103074EN As standards, specifications and designs change from time to time, please ask for confirmation of the information given in this publication. Printed on recycled paper Layout: Schneider Electric - SEDOC (38) Design products: Schneider Electric Design Industriel Printing: Scanprint A|S 05-07 ART.058667 © 2007 Schneider Electric - All rights reserved The Powerlogic ION range is part of a comprehensive product offer designed in a consistent manner.
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