6485 - Helmar
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The 51⁄2-digit Model 6485 Picoammeter combines
Keithley’s expertise in sensitive current measurement instrumentation with enhanced speed and a
robust design. With eight current measurement
ranges and high speed autoranging, this cost-effective instrument can measure currents from 20fA to
20mA, taking measurements at speeds up to 1000
readings per second.
The Model 6485’s 10fA resolution and superior sensitivity make it well suited for characterizing low current phenomena, while its 20mA range lets it measure currents high enough for applications such as
measuring 4-20mA sensor loops.
• Cost-effective low current
measurement solution
• 10fA resolution
• 51⁄2-digit resolution
• <200µV burden voltage
• Up to 1000 readings/second
• Built-in Model 485 emulation
mode
• IEEE-488 and RS-232 interfaces
• Analog output
• Driver for LabVIEW™,
LabWindows/CVI, Visual Basic,
C/C++, and TestPoint™ included
• ExceLINX™ Excel® Add-In
included
Although it employs the latest current measurement
technology, it is significantly less expensive than
other instruments that perform similar functions,
such as optical power meters, competitive picoammeters, or user-designed solutions. With a price that’s comparable to a general purpose DMM,
the Model 6485 makes picoamp-level measurements affordable for virtually any laboratory or
production floor.
Low Voltage Burden and Higher Accuracy
While DMMs typically employ shunt ammeter circuitry to measure current, the Model 6485 is a feedback picoammeter. This design reduces voltage burden by several orders of magnitude, resulting in a
voltage burden of less than 200µV on the lower measurement ranges. The low voltage burden makes
the Model 6485 function much more like an ideal
Model 485 Model 6485
ammeter than a DMM, so it can make current measureCurrent
Ranges
2nA-2mA
2nA-20mA
ments with high accuracy, even in circuits with very low
Voltage Burden
200µV
200µV
source voltages.
(1mV on
20mA range)
Successor to the Model 485
Reading Rate
3/s
1000/s
Digits
41⁄2
51⁄2
The Model 6485 builds on the strengths of one of
Analog Output
Yes
Yes
Keithley’s most popular picoammeters, the Model 485,
Battery Option
Yes
No
offering an additional 20mA measurement range, as well
Storage Buffer
100 points
2500 points
as much higher measurement speeds. With a top speed
of up to 1000 readings per second, the Model 6485 is
the fastest picoammeter Keithley has ever made. It offers ten times greater resolution than the Model
485 on every range. A time-stamped 2500-reading data buffer provides minimum, maximum, and
standard deviation statistics. A built-in emulation mode simplifies upgrading existing applications
originally configured with a Model 485. This emulation mode makes it possible to control the Model
6485 with any custom code written to control the Model 485. Refer to the comparison table for additional information.
When do you need a picoammeter?
Measuring low DC currents often demands a lot more than a digital
multimeter (DMM) can deliver. Generally, DMMs lack the sensitivity required
to measure currents less than 100nA. Even at higher currents, a DMM’s input
voltage drop (voltage burden) of hundreds of millivolts can make accurate
current measurements impossible. Electrometers can measure low currents
very accurately, but the circuitry needed to measure extremely low currents,
combined with functions like voltage, resistance, and charge measurement,
can increase an electrometer’s cost significantly. The Model 6485
Picoammeter combines the economy and ease of use of a DMM with low
current sensitivity near that of an electrometer.
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Measures low currents quickly, accurately, and economically
Picoammeter
6485
LOW L E V E L M E AS U R E & SO U R C E
06 Low Level Meas & Source
06 Low Level Meas & Source
12/30/06
7:09 PM
Picoammeter
6485
Measures low currents quickly, accurately, and economically
Ordering Information
6485
Picoammeter
Accessories Supplied
CAP-18
Protective Shield/
Cap (2-lug)
4801
Low Noise BNC
Input Cable,
1.2m (4 ft)
ExceLINX
Excel Add-In.
Downloadable from
Keithley’s Web site.
Extended warranty, service, and
calibration contracts are available.
Features that Expand Test and Measurement Flexibility
• Scaled voltage analog output. This output allows the Model 6485 to transmit measurement
results to devices like DMMs, data acquisition boards, oscilloscopes, or strip chart recorders.
• 220V overload protection. This high overload protection and a robust design let the Model 6485
withstand abusive overflows.
• One-touch front panel design. Functions can be configured easily with the push of a button,
without complicated function menus.
• Built-in Trigger Link interface. The Trigger Link interface simplifies synchronizing the Model
6485 with other instruments and voltage sources. This interface combines six independent selectable trigger lines on a single connector for simple, direct control over all instruments in a system.
• RS-232 and IEEE-488 interfaces. These interfaces make it easy to integrate the Model 6485 into
automated test and measurement systems.
• Display on/off switch. For research on light-sensitive components, such as measuring the dark
currents of photodiodes, the front panel display can be switched off to avoid introducing light that
could significantly reduce the accuracy of the results.
APPLICATIONS
• REL and LOG functions. The Model 6485 can make relative readings with respect to a baseline
value or display the logarithm of the absolute value of the measured current.
• Beam monitoring and radiation
monitoring
• Resistance calculations. The Model 6485 can calculate resistance by dividing an externally
sourced voltage value by the measured current.
• Leakage current testing in
insulators, switches, relays, and
other components
• Rear panel BNC inputs. Inexpensive, easy-to-use BNC cables can be employed, rather than more
expensive triax cables.
ACCESSORIES AVAILABLE
• SEM beam current
measurements
• Optoelectronic device testing
and characterization
• Optical fiber alignment
• Circuit test and analysis in DCLF
circuits
• Sensor characterization
• I-V measurements of
semiconductors and other
devices
LOW L E V E L M E AS U R E & SO U R C E
Page 214
• Nanoelectronic device
characterization
CABLES
4802-10 Low Noise BNC Input Cable, 3m (10 ft)
4803
Low Noise Cable Kit
7007-1 Shielded IEEE-488 Cable, 1m (3.3 ft)
7007-2 Shielded IEEE-488 Cable, 2m (6.6 ft)
7009-5 RS-232 Cable
7754-3 BNC to Alligator Cable, 0.9m (3 ft)
8607
Banana Cable set for Analog Output
8501-1 Trigger Link Cable with Male Micro-DIN Connectors at
each End, 1m (3.3 ft)
8501-2 Trigger Link Cable with Male Micro-DIN Connectors at
each End, 2m (6.6 ft)
8502
Micro-DIN to 6 BNCs Adapter Box. Includes one 8501-1
8503
DIN-to-BNC Trigger Cable
ADAPTERS
CS-565
BNC Barrel
7078-TRX-BNC Female BNC to 3-Slot Male Triax for connecting
BNC cable into triax fixture
RACK MOUNT KITS
4288-1
Single Fixed Rack Mounting Kit
4288-2
Dual Fixed Rack Mounting Kit
OTHER
1050
KPCI-488LP
KPXI-488
KUSB-488A
Padded Carrying Case
IEEE-488 Interface/Controller for the PCI Bus
IEEE-488 Interface Board for the PXI Bus
IEEE-488 USB-to-GPIB Interface Adapter
• Teaching labs
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06 Low Level Meas & Source
12/30/06
7:09 PM
Picoammeter
51⁄2 DIGIT
DEFAULT
RESOLUTION
10 fA
100 fA
1 pA
10 pA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
ACCURACY (1 Year) 1
±(% rdg. + offset)
18°–28°C, 0–70% RH
0.4 % + 400 fA
0.4 % +
1 pA
0.2 % + 10 pA
0.15% + 100 pA
0.1 % +
1 nA
0.1 % + 10 nA
0.1 % + 100 nA
0.1 % +
1 µA
TYPICAL
RMS NOISE 2
20 fA
100 fA
1 pA
10 pA
100 pA
1 nA
10 nA
100 nA
ANALOG
RISE TIME 3
(10% to 90%)
8 ms
8 ms
500 µs
500 µs
500 µs
500 µs
500 µs
500 µs
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT: 0°–18°C & 28°–50°C. For each °C, add 0.1 ×
(% rdg + offset) to accuracy spec.
INPUT VOLTAGE BURDEN: <200µV on all ranges except <1mV on 20mA range.
MAXIMUM INPUT CAPACITANCE: Stable to 10nF on all nA ranges and 2µA range; 1µF on 20µA
and 200µA ranges, and on mA ranges.
MAXIMUM COMMON MODE VOLTAGE: 42V.
MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS INPUT VOLTAGE: 220 VDC.
ISOLATION (Meter COMMON to chassis): Typically >5×1011Ω in parallel with <1nF.
NMRR1 (50 or 60Hz): 60dB.
ANALOG OUTPUT: Scaled voltage output (inverting 2V full scale on all ranges) 3% ±2mV, 1kΩ
impedance.
1 At 1 PLC – limited to 60 rdgs/second under this condition.
2 At 6 PLC, 1 standard deviation, 100 readings, filter off, capped input – limited to 10 rdgs/sec under this condition.
3 Measured at analog output with resistive load >100kΩ.
IEEE-488 BUS IMPLEMENTATION
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LOW L E V E L M E AS U R E & SO U R C E
MULTILINE COMMANDS: DCL, LLO, SDC, GET, GTL, UNT, UNL, SPE, SPD.
IMPLEMENTATION: SCPI (IEEE-488.2, SCPI-1996.0); DDC (IEEE-488.1).
UNILINE COMMANDS: IFC, REN, EOI, SRQ, ATN.
INTERFACE FUNCTIONS: SH1, AH1, T5, TE0, L4, LE0, SR1, RL1, PP0, DC1, DT1, C0, E1.
PROGRAMMABLE PARAMETERS: Range, Zero Check, Zero Correct, EOI (DDC mode only), Trigger,
Terminator (DDC mode only), Calibration (SCPI mode only), Display Format, SRQ, REL, Output
Format, V-offset Cal.
ADDRESS MODES: TALK ONLY and ADDRESSABLE.
LANGUAGE EMULATION: Keithley Model 485 emulation via DDC mode.
RS-232 IMPLEMENTATION:
Supports: SCPI 1996.0.
Baud Rates: 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19.2k, 38.4k, 57.6k.
Protocols: Xon/Xoff, 7 or 8 bit ASCII, parity-odd/even/none.
Connector: DB-9 TXD/RXD/GND.
GENERAL
INPUT CONNECTOR: BNC on rear panel.
DISPLAY: 12 character vacuum fluorescent.
RANGING: Automatic or manual.
OVERRANGE INDICATION: Display reads “OVRFLOW.”
CONVERSION TIME: Selectable 0.01 PLC to 60 PLC (50 PLC under 50Hz operation).
(Adjustable from 200µs to 1s)
READING RATE:
To internal buffer
1000 readings/second1
To IEEE-488 bus
900 readings/second1, 2
Notes:
1 0.01 PLC, digital filters off, front panel off, auto zero off.
2 Binary transfer mode. IEEE-488.1.
BUFFER: Stores up to 2500 readings.
PROGRAMS: Provide front panel access to IEEE address, choice of engineering units or scientific
notation, and digital calibration.
EMC: Conforms with European Union Directive 89/336/EEC, EN61326-1.
SAFETY: Conforms with European Union Directive 73/23/EEC, EN61010-1.
TRIGGER LINE: Available, see manual for usage.
DIGITAL FILTER: Median and averaging (selectable from 2 to 100 readings).
ENVIRONMENT:
Operating: 0°–50°C; relative humidity 70% non-condensing, up to 35°C. Above 35°C, derate
humidity by 3% for each °C.
Storage: –25° to +65°C.
WARM-UP: 1 hour to rated accuracy (see manual for recommended procedure).
POWER: 100–120V or 220–240V, 50–60Hz, 30VA.
PHYSICAL:
Case Dimensions: 90mm high × 214mm wide × 369mm deep (31⁄2 in. × 83⁄8 in. × 149⁄16 in.).
Working Dimensions: From front of case to rear including power cord and IEEE-488 connector: 394mm (15.5 in).
Net Weight: <2.8 kg (<6.1 lbs).
Shipping Weight: <5 kg (<11 lbs).
(U.S. only)
www.keithley.com
Model 6485 specifications
6485
RANGE
2 nA
20 nA
200 nA
2 µA
20 µA
200 µA
2 mA
20 mA
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