Sierra Raven EDGE User's Manual

Sierra Raven EDGE User's Manual
Raven EDGE
User Guide
20070914
Rev 3.0B
Preface
Important Notice
Due to the nature of wireless communications, transmission and reception of data can never be guaranteed. Data may be delayed, corrupted (i.e., have errors) or be totally lost. Although significant delays or losses of data are rare when wireless devices such as the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven are used in a normal manner with a well‐constructed network, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven should not be used in situations where failure to transmit or receive data could result in damage of any kind to the user or any other party, including but not limited to personal injury, death, or loss of property. Sierra Wireless accepts no responsibility for damages of any kind resulting from delays or errors in data transmitted or received using the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven, or for failure of the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven to transmit or receive such data.
Safety and Hazards
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven in areas where blasting is in progress, where explosive atmospheres may be present, near medical equipment, near life support equipment, or any equipment which may be susceptible to any form of radio interference. In such areas, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven MUST BE POWERED OFF. The Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven can transmit signals that could interfere with this equipment.
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven in any aircraft, whether the aircraft is on the ground or in flight. In aircraft, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven MUST BE POWERED OFF. When operating, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven can transmit signals that could interfere with various onboard systems.
Note: Some airlines may permit the use of cellular phones while the
aircraft is on the ground and the door is open. Sierra Wireless AirLink
Raven may be used at this time.
The driver or operator of any vehicle should not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven while in control of a vehicle. Doing so will detract from the driver or operatorʹs control and operation of that vehicle. In some states and provinces, operating such communications devices while in control of a vehicle is an offence.
Limitation of
Liability
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of Sierra Wireless. SIERRA WIRELESS AND ITS AFFILIATES SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL 1
Preface
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, GENERAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS OR REVENUE OR ANTICIPATED PROFITS OR REVENUE ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE ANY SIERRA WIRELESS PRODUCT, EVEN IF SIERRA WIRELESS AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES OR THEY ARE FORESEEABLE OR FOR CLAIMS BY ANY THIRD PARTY.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall Sierra Wireless and/or its affiliates aggregate liability arising under or in connection with the Sierra Wireless product, regardless of the number of events, occurrences, or claims giving rise to liability, be in excess of the price paid by the purchaser for the Sierra Wireless product.
Patents
Portions of this product may be covered by some or all of the following US patents:
5,515,013
5,629,960
5,845,216
5,847,553
5,878,234
5,890,057
5,929,815
6,169,884
6,191,741
6,199,168
6,339,405
6,359,591
6,400,336
6,516,204
6,561,851
6,643,501
6,653,979
6,697,030
6,785,830
6,845,249
6,847,830
6,876,697
6,879,585
6,886,049
6,968,171
6,985,757
7,023,878
7,053,843
7,106,569
7,145,267
7,200,512
D442,170
D459,303
and other patents pending.
Licensed under the following Nortel Networks Limited patents:
United States patent numbers: 5128925, 5398247
France patent numbers: 2665993, 2653959, 2659812, 2745091
Copyright
© 2008 Sierra Wireless. All rights reserved.
Trademarks
AirCard® and “Heart of the Wireless Machine®” are registered trademarks of Sierra Wireless. Watcher® is a trademark of Sierra Wireless, registered in the European Community. AirLink™ and AceWare™ are trademarks of Sierra Wireless.
Sierra Wireless, the Sierra Wireless logo, the red wave design, and the red‐tipped antenna are trademarks of Sierra Wireless.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks are the property of the respective owners.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
2
Preface
Contact
Information
Support Desk:
Phone: 1-877-231-1144
Hours: 5:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time,
Monday to Friday, except US Holidays
E-mail: [email protected]
Sales Desk:
Phone: 1-510-781-4200
1-604-232-1488
Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time
E-mail: [email protected]
Post: Sierra Wireless America
3159 Corporate Place
Hayward, CA
USA
94545
Sierra Wireless
13811 Wireless Way
Richmond, BC
Canada
V6V 3A4
Fax: 1-510-781-4299
1-604-231-1109
Web: www.sierrawireless.com
Consult our website for up‐to‐date product descriptions, documentation, application notes, firmware upgrades, trouble‐
shooting tips, and press releases:
www.sierrawireless.com
Revision History
Revision
number
Release
date
Changes
1.x
2003-2005
AirLink Communications documentation - CDPD, CDMA, and GPRS.
2.x
Q2: 2005-Q2:
2007
AirLink Communications documentation - CDMA, EV-DO, EDGE, and
HSDPA.
3.0
in draft
Converted documentation from AirLink Communications documentation
format into Sierra Wireless documentation format. Phase II of the conversion
completed.
Raven modem line documentation is revised.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
3
Contents
Introduction to the Raven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
ALEOS™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
AceWare™. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
AceManager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Simplified Deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Monitor and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
AceNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Network Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
AceView . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Modem Doctor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Modem Doctor USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Connecting to the your cellular provider Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Steps of a connection: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
EDGE Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
EDGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
GPRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Consumption: (@12V DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Standards/Approvals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Host Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Installating the SIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Cellular Account Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Required. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tools Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
18
18
18
Configuring the APN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Hardware Installation of the Raven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Connecting to Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Connecting to a Computer or other Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
1
Contents
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Light Patterns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Mounting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Configuring your Raven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Using AceManager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Using Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Using a Terminal Application with AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Data Communication and Host Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Basic Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Data Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Basic Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
AT Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
PassThru Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Telnet Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
UDP and UDP Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
TCP and TCP Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Hybrid Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Data Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Public and Private Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Internal DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Keepalive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Configuring Keepalive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Data usage using Keepalive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
IP Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Reasons to contact the modem and/or the connected device: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Understanding Domain Names. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
car54.mydomain.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
car54.mydomain.com.ca. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Dynamic Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Using IP Manager with your Raven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Restrictions for Modem Name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Data Usage for IP Manager Server Updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Eairlink.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Understanding DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Configuring DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
The “PPP-Peer” Domain Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
2
Contents
Configuring Modbus/BSAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Modbus Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Telemetry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Modbus TCP/IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Raven Modbus on UDP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Configuring the Raven at the Polling Host for Modbus on UDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Configuring the Remote Ravens for Modbus with UDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Management Information Base (MIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
SNMP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Listening Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Security Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
User Name and Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Trap Destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Community String . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
SNMP MIB Definition Sample. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Display Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Product ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Configuration Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Info (information). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
*DEVICEID? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
*ETHMAC? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
*NETPHONE?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
&V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Information Displayed in AceManager without AT Commands Listed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
*HOSTMODE? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
*NETERR?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
*NETIP?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
*NETOP? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
*NETRSSI? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
*NETSERV?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
*NETSTATE?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
+ICCID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
+RCIQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Information Displayed in AceManager without AT Commands Listed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
AT Commands Requiring PassThru mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
+CCID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Common . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Misc (Miscellaneous) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
+++ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
A/ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
D[method][d.d.d.d][/ppppp] or D[method][@name][/ppppp] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
DS=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Hn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
OPRG=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
S53=[method][d.d.d.d][/ppppp] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Vn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
&W . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*DATE=[mm/dd/yyyy],[hh:mm:ss]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*DPORT=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*HOSTPAP=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*NETALLOWZEROIP=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*NETPW=pw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*NETPHONE?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
*NETUID=uid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
*STATICIP=d.d.d.d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
*STATUSCHK=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
*MODEMHISPEED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
*DNSn=d.d.d.d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
*DNSUPDATE=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
*DNSUSER=d.d.d.d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Dynamic IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
*DOMAIN=name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
*IPMANAGERn=[name][IP address]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
*IPMGRKEYn=key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
*IPMGRUPDATEn=m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
*MODEMNAME=name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
PPP/Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
*DHCPSERVER=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
*HOSTAUTH=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
*HOSTNETMASK=n.n.n.n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
*HOSTPEERIP=d.d.d.d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
*HOSTPRIVIP=d.d.d.d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
*HOSTPRIVMODE=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
*HOSTPW=string . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
*HOSTUID=string. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
PassThru . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
\APASSTHRU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
*CSX1=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
*PTINIT=string . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
*PTREFRESH=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
*RESETPERIOD=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
SMTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
*NETSMS2EMAIL=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
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*SMTPADDR=[d.d.d.d][name] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
*SMTPFROM=email. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
*SMTPPW=pw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
*SMTPSEND=email[body] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
*SMTPSTATUS? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
*SMTPSUBJ=subject. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
*SMTPUSER=user . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
DAE=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
*DATZ=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
*IPPING=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
*IPPINGADDR=[d.d.d.d][name]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*MSCIUPDADDR=name[/port] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*MSCIUPDPERIOD=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*NETWDOG=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*RESETCFG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*SNMPCOMMUNITY=string. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*SNMPPORT=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
*SNMPSECLVL=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
*SNMPTRAPDEST=host/[port] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
*SNTP=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
*SNTPADDR=[d.d.d.d][name] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
*TELNETTIMEOUT=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
*TPORT=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
*TQUIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Friends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
FM=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Fn=[d.d.d.d] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
*DBGCOMMLVL=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*DBGDHCPLVL=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*DBGETHLVL=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*DBGIPLVL=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*DBGPPPLVL=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
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102
102
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Telemetry/Addr List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
IPL=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
MVLEN=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
MVMSK=hh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
MVOFF=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
MVOPT=n. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
MVTYP=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
RKEY=n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Addr List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
MLISTid=d.d.d.d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
MLISTXhexid=d.d.d.d. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Edge/HSDPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
*NETAPN=apn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
+CGQMIN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
+CGQREQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
+COPS=mode,[format][,oper] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
106
106
106
106
5
Contents
Circuit Switch Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Configuring Circuit-Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
AT Commands and the Command String . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Common AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Raven LEDs in Circuit-Switched Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Step by Step Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Hardware Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Software Required. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Installing a modem driver for Raven. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Creating a Dial-Up Networking (PPP) Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Connecting to the Internet Using DUN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
AceView . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Windows DUN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
6
1: Introduction to the Raven
• ALEOS™
• AceWare™
• Connecting to the your
cellular provider
Network
• EDGE Communication
1
The Raven is an intelligent wireless gateway, powered by ALEOS™, and optimal for providing primary or backup network connectivity for any high‐reliability/ high‐availability applications.
The Raven is the perfect solution for any device with an Ethernet connection that requires pervasive connectivity including PCs, routers, network equipment and POS/ATMs as well as commercial automation equipment.
Figure 1-1: Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven
ALEOS™
ALEOS, the embedded core technology of the Sierra Wireless AirLink products simplifies installation, operation and mainte‐
nance of any solution, and provides an always‐on, always‐
aware intelligent connection for mission‐critical applications. ALEOS enables:
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Over‐The‐Air (OTA) Upgrades
•
Wireless Optimized TCP/IP
•
Real‐Time Notification
•
Packet Level Diagnostics
•
Device Management & Control
•
Protocol Spoofing
7
Introduction to the Raven
Figure 1-2: Powered by ALEOS
AceWare™
A wireless solution is not complete until you have software tools to manage the devices monitoring your valuable equipment. AceWare™ is the device management and monitoring application suite for Sierra Wireless AirLink products powered by ALEOS.
•
AceManager
•
AceNet
•
AceView
•
Modem Doctor
These modem utilities, except AceNet, are free of charge to those who own Sierra Wireless AirLink modems. You can download the applications and their user guides from the Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions web site: http://
www.sierrawireless.com/support. Contact your dealer or Sierra Wireless representative for information on AceNet.
Note: AceView, AceManager, and AceNet require the Microsoft .NET
Framework v. 1.1 and Microsoft Windows 98, Windows 2000,
Windows XP, or later. You can obtain the Microsoft .NET Framework
from Microsoft at: http://www.microsoft.com/.
AceManager
AceManager, the AceWare remote configuration and monitoring tool, simplifies deployment and provides extensive monitoring, control and management capabilities. AceManager gives you the power to monitor and control your Sierra Wireless AirLink communications platforms in real‐
time.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
8
Introduction to the Raven
Figure 1-3: AceManager
Simplified Deployment
AceManger provides the ability to remotely set up and configure your Sierra Wireless AirLink products. Remote device setup and configuration reduces the deployment timeline of your wireless solution and provides a quicker path to ROI. Templates allow you to easily configure other devices in your fleet with identical settings, ensuring a simple, accurate deployment.
Monitor and Control
AceManger allows an administrator to remotely monitor a modem’s status, health and configuration settings. The user interface displays signal strength, cell site information, byte counters and error conditions, enabling you to pinpoint any issues and troubleshoot immediately.
AceManager enables remote configuration and parameter settings to be changed or reset instantly over the air, change a device’s port configuration, IP address settings, and much more. After configuring one modem, use the template feature to copy that device configuration to other modems.
Tip: Configuration steps and examples in this guide use
AceManager.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
9
Introduction to the Raven
AceNet
AceNet, the enterprise grade productivity enhancing tool, enables you to efficiently deploy and monitor Sierra Wireless AirLink products on a large scale.
Figure 1-4: AceNet
Network Monitoring
AceNet allows you to efficiently deploy, monitor, and maintain wireless networks of any size by enabling you to quickly configure an entire group of Sierra Wireless AirLink modems to the same parameter settings using templates built with AceManger. To ensure your implementation is optimal, users can easily see when modems are out of contact and periodically poll each device for performance statistics.
AceView
AceView is an efficient status and connection monitoring application with a low‐profile, easy to read interface.
Figure 1-5: AceView
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
10
Introduction to the Raven
Modem Doctor
Modem Doctor is a troubleshooting and diagnostics utility. This utility will allow you to get a log file of the Raven activity which you can then send to Sierra Wireless support, erase the current configuration completely.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
11
Introduction to the Raven
Figure 1-6: Modem Doctor
Modem Doctor USB
1.
Open the ModemDoctorUSB.exe.
2.
Select any one option. Note: If you are using USB port as serial, then USB device is set to
“o” and if you are using the default option then the USB device is set
to “1”.
The available port is automatically detected. Passsword is the fault password.
3.
Press Erase. The modem will then reset.
Note: If you erase the fatory defaults will be restored. USBnet is the
factory default port.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
12
Introduction to the Raven
Figure 1-7: Modem Doctor: USB connection
Connecting to the your cellular
provider Network
The Raven uses your cellular provider as an ISP (Internet Service Provider) to connect you to the Internet.
Steps of a connection:
1.
When your Raven is powered on, it automatically searches for cellular service using EDGE.
2.
Your Raven establishes a PPP (Point to Point Protocol or “dial” up connection) link to the your cellular provider network, also called registering on the network, and receives an IP address.
3.
When your Raven has received its IP address from your cellular provider, a connection to the Internet or the cellular network is also available for a computer or other device connected directly to the Raven.
Cellular
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
13
Introduction to the Raven
Figure 1-8: Connecting to the Internet
The Raven will perform a one‐to‐one routing for all internet traffic to and from the computer or other end device. One‐to‐
one means that your Raven will provide a connection for one device to the Internet at a time. In Private Mode, the Raven will provide NAT (Network Address Translation) for the computer or other end device.
Note: The Raven does not provide advanced routing required by oneto-many (several devices connected to one port). If you need to have
more than one device connected to the Internet through your Raven,
you will need to have a router connected to the modem. The modem
would provide the one-to-one connection to the router with the router
configured to provide a broader NAT service to the other devices
connected to it.
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses
There are two types of addresses on networks: dynamic and static.
•
Dynamic addresses are assigned on a “need to have” basis. Your Raven might not always receive the same address each time it connects with your cellular provider.
•
Static addresses are permanently assigned to a particular account and will always be used whenever your Raven connects to the Internet. The IP address will not be given to anyone else. Most ISPs (cellular included) use dynamic IP addresses rather than static IP addresses since it allows them to reuse a smaller number of IP addresses for a large number of customers. A dynamic IP address is suitable for many common Internet uses, such as web browsing, looking up data on another computer system, or other client functions (such as data only being sent out or only being received after an initial request).
Tip: If your account with your cellular provider includes a dynamic IP
address and you need a static IP, please consult your your cellular
provider Representative for more information about changing your
account for static IP support.
If you need to contact your Raven, a device connected to the Raven, or a host system using the Raven from the Internet, you need to have a known IP (such as one which is static) or domain name (an IP address which is converted by a DNS server into a word based name). If you have a dynamic IP Rev 3.0B Feb.08
14
Introduction to the Raven
address for your modem, you can use a Dynamic DNS service (such as IP Manager) to translate your IP address into to a domain name.
Caution: If you want to connect remotely to your Raven using TCP/
IP, the IP address given to your modem by your cellular provider
cannot be a private or internal IP address (such as a custom APN or
special private network) unless you are on the same network or inside
that network’s firewall (such as with frame relay).
EDGE Communication
GSM Networks use SIM cards which are smart cards containing the account holder’s details. A SIM can generally be moved from one device to another allowing for account porta‐
bility and flexibility.
EDGE
EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) provides end‐
to‐end packet data services with an enhanced connectivity building on GPRS technology and using the established GSM networks. EDGE provides higher transmission rates and better transmission quality for data than GPRS. EDGE can carry data at speeds typically up to 384 kbit/s in packet mode.
When EDGE is not available, your Raven will fall‐back to GPRS for the connection to your cellular provider to provide continued connectivity.
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is packet‐switched with many users sharing the same transmission channel, but only transmitting when they have data to send. This means that the total available bandwidth can be immediately dedicated to those users who are actually sending at any given moment, providing higher utilization where users only send or receive data intermittently. GPRS provides speeds of 30–70 kbps with bursts up to 170 kbps.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
15
2: Specifications
2
• Power Connector
Features and Benefits
•
Embedded Intelligence
•
Low Power Consumption
•
High‐Speed 2‐way Data
•
Ethernet Port
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Remote Management and Configuration
•
Class I Div 2 Certified
Technology
•
GSM EDGE
With Fallback to:
· GPRS (MS‐12)
Bands
•
Quad Band GPRS/EDGE
· 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz
Environmental
•
Operating Temperature:
· ‐30 to 70° Celsius
•
Storage Temperature:
· ‐40 to 85° Celsius
Power Consumption: (@12V DC)
•
Transmit/Receive (Typical/Max) 350/450 mA
•
Input Current 40 mA to 350 mA
•
Input Voltage 9 ‐ 28V DC
Standards/Approvals
•
Carrier specific approvals
•
FCC
•
Industry Canada
•
This apparatus is suitable for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D or unclassified or non‐hazardous locations.
Host Interfaces
•
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Ethernet: 10BaseT RJ‐45
16
Specifications
•
Antenna Connection:
· Cellular ‐ 50 Ohm TNC
Dimensions
•
76mm x 25mm x 129mm
•
317 grams
Application Interfaces
•
TCP/IP, UDP/IP, DHCP, HTTP, SNMP, SMTP, SMS, MSCI, and more
LED Indicators
•
Channel
•
Link
•
Registration
•
RSSI
•
•
Transmission/Receive
Service
•
Power
Power Connector
Power (red)
Ground (black)
Figure 2-1: Power Connector (not to scale)
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
17
3: Activating Raven on your
cellular provider Network
3
• Installating the SIM
• Configuring the APN
This chapter provides step‐by‐step directions for activating your Raven on the your cellular provider cellular network.
Installating the SIM
The SIM in the Raven is a smartcard securely storing the key identifying a cellular subscriber. Generally, you will only need to install a SIM once in the life of the modem and it may be pre‐installed by your Sierra Wireless Representative.
1. Before you start
If the SIM was pre‐installed, unless you need to set a custom APN, activation of your modem is complete.
Cellular Account Required
•
Cellular account ‐ To use your modem you need to have a SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) with an active account with an EDGE cellular provider.
Software Required
•
AceManager ‐ Graphical interface for entering most AT Commands. You can download AceManager from the Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions website: http://
www.airlink.com/support/. A default installation of this utility is assumed later in these directions
Hardware Required
•
Ethernet cable An Ethernet cable.
•
Power adapter and a power source ‐ You will need a power supply and power source for the modem.
•
PC or Laptop ‐ To configure the modem, you will need a computer with an available Ethernet port.
Tools Required
•
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Small Phillips screw driver ‐ The Phillips screw driver is the one which is also called a plus (+) or X screw driver.
18
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network
•
Slim stylus ‐ A PDA stylus, an unbent paperclip, or other such item.
1. Opening the Case
a. Unplug the Raven power and all cables.
b. Using a small phillips head screw driver, remove the screws on the back of the Raven. c.
Slide the case off of the Raven and set it aside.
Figure 3-1: Partially removed case
2.
a. Carefully remove the SIM card from the card you got from your cellular provider.
3. Ejecting the SIM tray
Tip: The button is between two boards.
Figure 3-2: SIM tray button
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
19
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network
4. Insert the SIM into the Tray
Note: The card and SIM may be
a different color than these
examples.
a. Remove the SIM from the card you obtained from your your cellular provider.
Figure 3-3: Insert SIM in to the modem
b. Place the SIM into the tray and gently press to click it into place.
Figure 3-4: Empty SIM Tray and a Tray with a Sample SIM
5. Insert the Tray and SIM
a. Slide the tray back into the modem.
b. Gently press to click it into place. Tip: The top of the card faces the bottom of the modem.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
20
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network
Figure 3-5: Inserting the SIM
6. Finishing the SIM installation
a. Slide the Raven back into the case.
b. Secure the back of the Raven with the screws. Configuring the APN
The APN (Access Point Name) is the way your modem knows how it will be communicating with the network. The APN allows custom IP addressing and tailoring your companyʹs wireless IP solution to meet the security and IP addressing requirements of your applications. Note: Most accounts use the default addressing solution of Private or
Public IP addresses supplied by the Internet and Proxy APNs. Only if
you have a Static or Custom IP address should you need to configure
a custom APNs.
The default APN is Internet. If you need a different APN, use can use AceManager to configure it.
1. Start AceManager
Start > All Programs > AirLink Communications > AceManager 3G > AceManager 3G
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
21
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network
Figure 3-6: AceManager
2. Connect to the Modem
a. Click the Connect button.
b. Select TCP or UDP.
c. Enter the connection information.
· For UDP or TCP, enter 192.168.13.31 as the IP address.
d. Enter the password. The default password will be entered for you.
e. Select OK.
3. Enter the APN
a. Select EDGE/HSDPA from the menu on the left side of AceManager (under “Groups”)
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
22
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network
Figure 3-7: AceManager : EDGE/HSDPA
b. Type your APN in the New Value field of *NETAPN.
Figure 3-8: AceManager : EDGE/HSDPA - *NETAPN
Optional: If you need to configure your modem for a cus‐
tom APN, after entering the APN, there is additional infor‐
mation you will need to enter.
1.
Select Misc from the menu on the left side under the Common group.
Figure 3-9: AceManager : Misc
2.
Enter the NAI into the new value field for *NETUID and enter your network password into the new value field for *NETPW. Figure 3-10: AceManager : Misc - *NETUID, *NETPW
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
23
Activating Raven on your cellular provider Network
4. Write the Settings to the Raven
a. Click the Write button on the tool bar of AceManager.
b. Wait for the message “Write Successful” to appear in the status bar. Figure 3-11: AceManager : Write
c.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Reset the Raven.
24
4: Hardware Installation of the
Raven
• Connecting to Power
• Connecting to a
Computer or other
Device
• Indicator Lights
• Mounting
4
Your Raven should be mounted in a position that allows easy access for the cables so they are not bent, constricted, in close proximity to high amperage, or exposed to extreme tempera‐
tures. The LEDs on the front panel should be visible for ease of operational verification. You should ensure that there is adequate airflow around the modem but that it is kept free from direct exposure to the elements, such as sun, rain, dust, etc.
In a mobile location, such as a car or truck, ensure the location is secure both against abrupt movements of the vehicle and from other items coming into contact with the modem.
Caution: The Raven is in a hardened case and designed for use in
industrial and extreme environments. However, unless you are using
cables expressly designed for such environments, they can fail if
exposed to the same conditions the Raven can withstand.
Power
Cellular
Ethernet
Figure 4-1: Raven Connectors
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
25
Hardware Installation of the Raven
Antennas selected should not exceed a maximum gain of 5 dBi under standard installation configuration. In more complex installations (such as those requiring long lengths of cable and/
or multiple connections), it’s imperative that the installer follow maximum dBi gain guidelines in accordance with the radio communications regulations of the Federal Communica‐
tions Commission (FCC), Industry Canada, or your country’s regulatory body (if used outside the US). •
RSS‐102 (...Health Canada’s Safety Code 6 for Exposure of Humans to RF Fields) •
RSS‐129 (800 MHz Dual‐Mode CDMA Cellular Telephones) (Analogue & CDMA) •
RSS‐133 r1 (2 GHz Personal Communications)
•
http://www.industrycanada.ca.
Your Raven will work with most Dual‐Band PCS cellular antennas with a TNC connector that works in the high and low frequencies of the cellular technology of your modem. Connect the primary antenna or primary RF cable directly to the antenna connector on the back of the Raven.
Tip: When using a cable to an antenna placed away from the
modem, minimize the length of your cable. All gain from a more
advantageous antenna placement can be lost with a long cable to the
modem.
Connecting to Power
Your Raven can be used with either DC, available in most automobiles, or 110 AC, standard US wall power, with the appropriate power adapter. DC cables and AC adapters are available as optional accessories in addition to the one included with your Raven.
Note: When using a DC power
source (such as a car battery or
solar cell), Sierra Wireless
recommends placing a fuse (1-2
Amp) on the line close to the
power source to protect your
power source from possible
surges due to shorts or other line
issues.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
The DC power cable positive lead should be connected to the battery or power source positive terminal. The power cable negative lead should be connected to the battery or power source negative terminal.
26
Hardware Installation of the Raven
Connecting to a Computer or
other Device
Figure 4-2: Ethernet
The Ethernet port of your Raven can be connected directly to a computer or other Ethernet device with either a cross‐over cable or a straight‐through cable. The Ethernet port on the Raven is auto‐sensing and connects at 10baseT. If you are connecting the modem to a hub or switch you should use a straight through cable or use the uplink port on the hub or switch with a cross‐over cable.
Tip: On some computers, the TCP receive window may be set to 16
kbytes. To optimize the throughput of your Raven, it is recommended
that you change the TCP window to 128 kbytes to 256 kbytes using a
TCP Optimizer.
Indicator Lights
When your Raven is connected to power and an antenna, there is a specific pattern to the lights to indicate its operation mode.
Figure 4-3: Raven Indicator lights
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
•
Chan (channel) ‐ Indicates the modem has acquired a network channel.
•
Link ‐ Indicates a successful connection to the cellular network.
•
Reg (registration) ‐ Indicates the Raven has acquired an IP fromyour cellular provider.
27
Hardware Installation of the Raven
•
RSSI (signal level) ‐ Light shows the strength of the signal and may be nearly solid (strong signal) or flashing (weaker signal). A slow flash indicates a very weak signal.
RSSI LED Ranges
RSSI/Signal LED Status
•
•
Ranges of RSSI (dBm)
On Solid
Equal to or stronger than -69
Fast Blink
-70 to -79
Normal blink
-80 to -89
Slow Blink
-90 to -99
Extinguished
Equal to or weaker than -100
TxRx (transmit/receive) ‐ The light will flash as data is transferred to and from the Raven‐E modem on the remote network.
Srvc (service) ‐ Indicates when the connection is EDGE. Unlit indicates GPRS. •
Pwr (power) ‐ Indicates the power adapter is connected and there is power getting to the Raven.
•
The Reset button performs the same function as unplugging power from the modem and plugging it back in. Reset will not alter any saved configuration settings. Light Patterns
The LEDs on the front of the modem will respond in different patterns to indicate modem states.
•
Normal ‐ Each LED, mentioned above, lit as applicable.
•
Start up ‐ The LEDs will cycle from left to right.
•
PassThru mode ‐ The Chan, Reg, and Link LEDs will blink in tandem. The Tx and Rx LEDs will blink when trans‐
mitting or receiving data.
Mounting
An optional accessory for your Raven is a mounting kit, which includes a bracket. The bracket is designed to snugly cradle the modem and hold it in place where you need it. You can use a Rev 3.0B Feb.08
28
Hardware Installation of the Raven
strap around the bracket and modem for extra security. The bracket can be attached to a stationary location using #6 screws with the mounting hole diameter approximately 0.150ʺ. Figure 4-4: Optional Mounting Bracket
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
29
Hardware Installation of the Raven
Figure 4-5: 100-170-1009 : Mounting Bracket for Raven
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
30
Hardware Installation of the Raven
Figure 4-6: 100-170-1006 : Mounting Bracket for Raven
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
31
5: Configuring your Raven
• Using AceManager
• Using Templates
• Using a Terminal
Application with AT
Commands
5
With ALEOS as its “brain”, the Raven is a highly configurable device, more than just a “dumb” modem. To configure your Raven, you have two options. You can use the configuration and management applications of the AceWare suite or you can use a terminal emulator application such as HyperTerminal, PuTTY, or many others. Since the AceWare applications are designed for ease of use, nearly all descriptions and screen shots of Raven configuration in this guide and Application Notes are done with AceManager. In addition to the various chapters in this guide giving information and directions about using the features of your Raven, the Configuration Commands appendix briefly describes all the commands available. To get a more expanded view of the other AceManager features, refer to the AceManager Guide.
A full listing of all the configuration commands for you modem are in Appendix A.
Using AceManager
AceManager is a free utility and is available on the product CD or can be downloaded from the Sierra Wireless America website:http://www.sierrawireless.com/support/AirLink/
default.aspx.
Tip: AceManager is the same application as Wireless Ace. The
name was changed to fit better with its features.”
1. Start AceManager
Start > All Programs > AirLink Communications > AceManager Rev 3.0B Feb.08
32
Configuring your Raven
Figure 5-1: AceManager
2. Connect to your Raven
a. Click the Connect button.
Figure 5-2: AceManager : Connect to Modem
b. Select a connection method:
· If you are connecting remotely, you can use UDP, TCP, or SMS.
· If you are connecting locally with the modem connected directly to your computer using a serial cable, you can use PPP. · If you are connecting locally with the modem connected directly to your computer using an Ethernet cable, you can use UDP, TCP, or Ethernet.
c. Enter the connection information.
· For UDP or TCP, if you are connecting locally, use the *HOSTPEERIP of the modem to connect. The default for the *HOSTPEERIP is 192.168.13.31.
· For SMS, enter the phone number of the modem and select your wireless carrier.
· For PPP, select the COM port to which the modem is connected.
d. Enter the password. The default password will be entered for you.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
33
Configuring your Raven
e. Select OK.
Figure 5-3: AceManager : Connected
3. Enter the configuration options
a. On the left side of AceManager is the Groups menu. Select the appropriate group as needed or directed.
b. Enter your changes in the New Value column by typing in the desired change or using the drop down menus. c.
The current configuration is shown in the Value column.
Figure 5-4: AceManager : Changing values
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
34
Configuring your Raven
4. Write the changes to the modem
a. Click the Write button on the tool bar of AceManager.
b. Wait for the message “Write Successful” to appear in the status bar. Figure 5-5: AceManager : Write
Tip: Some configuration settings will require you to reset the modem
before they will take effect. You can reset the modem by using the
Reset button in AceManager or by using the reset button on the
modem. You can also reset the modem by cycling the power.
Using Templates
If you have a modem configuration that works well for your needs, using AceManager, you can save that modem’s configu‐
ration as a template and then apply it to other Sierra Wireless AirLink modems.
1. Creating the Template with
AceManager
a. Configure the “master” modem.
b. Click the Copy button on the tool bar to transfer all the configured settings to the New Value column.
Figure 5-6: AceManager : Copy
c.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Remove settings which are specific to your “master” modem or verify settings are applicable to all your modems.
35
Configuring your Raven
Note: Some of the configuration settings are specific to individual
modems. You do not want to have those settings in your saved
template otherwise the modems you configure with the template could
cease to work with the cellular or local network.
· Cellular Technology specific settings ( EDGE/HSDPA group)
· *MODEMNAME
· *HOSTPRIVIP
· *HOSTPEERIP
· *HOSTUID
· *HOSTPW
d. Click the Save button on the toolbar. e. Type in a file name that is descriptive of the template (so you can find it easily later) and save it to a location on your computer. Figure 5-7: AceManager : Save Template
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
36
Configuring your Raven
2. Applying a Template to one modem
with AceManager
You can use a template you created yourself, using the steps above, or a template provided by your AirLink representative or someone in your company who has set up a modem template. The template you wish to apply must be saved to your hard drive.
a. Load the template.
1.
Connect to the modem you want to configure using AceManager.
2.
Click on the Load button on the toolbar.
Figure 5-8: AceManager : Load
3.
Select the template you have saved (you may need to change folders if you saved it to a different location).
b. Verify the configuration settings.
Tip: After you load the template, it’s best to go back over the
AceManager groups to make sure all the settings are what you
require.
c.
Click the Write button on the toolbar to write the configuration to the modem. Wait for the “Write Successful” message.
Figure 5-9: AceManager : Write
d. Reset the modem.
Caution: Many of the configuration settings will not take effect until
the modem has been reset.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
37
Configuring your Raven
Tip: You can use common settings on one modem to configure those
same settings on another modem even of a different type. For
example, you can use the serial settings of a modem (such as
PinPoint X or Raven X) to configure the serial settings of a Raven.
Settings not applicable to the modem on which you are loading the
template, will be discarded.
3. Optional: Applying one template to
several modems simultaneously with
AceNet
AceNet allows you to connect to and monitor several modems at the same time. For your convenience, you can also apply a single template to selected modems simultaneously.
Connecting to the modems with AceNet is covered in the AceNet User Guide.
Caution: When applying a template in AceNet, it is even more
important to make sure there are no non-general settings in the
template from the “master” modem.
Unlike AceManger, AceNet does not check the modem type before applying the template. Settings not applicable, such as a USB setting from a Raven XT template being applied to a Raven X, are not read by the receiving modem. You will get a ʺpartial successʺ status if all items in a template cannot be applied by the receiving modem.
a. Select modems to configure with the template.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
38
Configuring your Raven
Figure 5-10: AceNet : Selected modems
Tip: Click on the first with your mouse and, with the control button
held down, click the additional modem.
b. Select the Modem option in the tool bar and then select Apply AceManager Template. Figure 5-11: AceNet : Modem menu
c.
Either type in the Template file name, or click browse and select the template file you want to apply (you may need to change folders). Figure 5-12: AceNet : Template select
d. Set the Retry Interval and check if you want to have the modems Reset when the template has been applied. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
39
Configuring your Raven
Using a Terminal Application
with AT Commands
You can access and configure your Raven using a terminal application such as Microsoft HyperTerminal, PuTTY, or similar. The following directions are for HyperTerminal which is part of a standard installation of Windows XP.
Start > All Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTer‐
minal
Figure 5-13: HyperTerminal
1. Choose a name and icon for your
connection.
a. Choose a name for your connection, such as Raven or Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions. The name and icon are only for your own reference so you can find the connection at a later date. Tip: If you want to have a connection saved for both local and
remote, it is recommended the connection name reflect the
connection type, i.e. Raven local.
b. Select OK.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
40
Configuring your Raven
2. Connect To
a. Select TCP/IP (Winsock) for “Connect Using”.
b. Type in 192.169.13.31 for Host Address.
c.
Change the “Port Number” to 2332.
d. Select OK.
3. Connected
Figure 5-14: HyperTerminal : TCP/IP connected
a. If you are prompted for a password, enter 12345. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
41
Configuring your Raven
b. Type AT and press Enter. You should get a reply of “OK” or “0”. c.
To see what you are typing as you type it, you will need to turn on the echo and verbose mode. Type ATE1V1 and press Enter. d. If you get a reply of “OK”, then you entered the command successfully. If you get a reply of “0” or “ERROR”, try entering the command again. AT Commands
When using a terminal application, you will need to manually type in each command. •
For most commands, when you are entering them using a terminal connection, you will need to preface the command with AT (exceptions are noted), i.e. ATA which is listed as A. •
Some commands have specific parameters while other commands will take whatever you type. •
Required variable parameters are denoted with italicized text, example, Dn. The n is variable. •
Acceptable parameters and/or specific formats are listed with each command. •
Most commands with parameters can be entered with ? to read the current value (for example, AT&D? will respond with “2” if the default has not been changed). •
Optional parameters are denoted with square brackets [ ].
•
AT Commands are not case sensitive. A capital “E” is the same as a lower‐case “e”.
•
When you are using a terminal connection, if you enter a command which is recognized by the Raven, it will respond with “OK”. If the command is not recognized, the response will be “ERROR”. •
Those commands applicable only to certain model numbers of the Raven will be noted.
Caution: Symbols listed with commands, such as *, /, &, or ?, are
part of the command and must be included. Commands with symbols
other than * may require PassThru mode.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
42
6: Data Communication and Host
Modes
6
• Basic Modes
• Data Communication
The Raven plays the part of a HOST when a computer or another device is connected directly to its port and routes data to/from the connected device to the cellular network. Caution: The Raven moves data from one port to the cellular
network in a simple one-to-one routing. It does not employ a routing
table or any complicated routing protocol.
Tip: If you need to have one-to-many routing, you can connect the
Raven to a router. The router would provide the multiple routing and
the Raven would provide one-to-one for the router to the cellular
network and the Internet.
As the host, the Raven can use different communication modes:
Basic Modes
•
AT: The Raven accepts and responds to standard AT commands.
•
PassThru: Direct connection to internal hardware (OEM Module) of the Raven. •
Telnet: The Raven auto‐answers TCP connections to allow terminal emulation using either a local Ethernet connection or remotely using the cellular connection.
Tip: By default, the Raven is in AT Mode and allows AT Commands
to be entered via terminal connection (through the local port
connection) or remotely (through the cellular network). PassThru
Mode can only be exited by resetting the Raven. All serial modes are
entered by use of a startup mode command.
Data Communication
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
•
Public and Private Modes: The method used by the Raven to pass an IP address to a connected device.
•
Keepalive: How the Raven maintains its connection to the cellular network.
43
Data Communication and Host Modes
Basic Modes
AT Mode
Using a terminal connection, AT commands are used to configure the modem, command it to do something, or query a setting. For a full listing of the AT commands, refer to the appendix. AceManager is a graphical user interface for most AT Commands.
•
AT commands must always be terminated by <CR> (ASCII character 0x0D), a carriage return (pressing enter on the keyboard). Some may also include a new line or line feed <LF>. •
If E=1 (Echo On), the AT command (including the termi‐
nating <carriage return) will be displayed (output) before any responses. •
Two settings affect the format of AT command output: V (Verbose) and Q (Quiet).
•
If Q=1 (Quiet On), no result codes are output whatsoever, so there is no response generated by a (non query) command. •
If Q=0 (Quiet Off), result codes are output. The format of this output is then affected by the Verbose setting.
If Quiet mode is off, the result code is affected as follows: For V=1 (Verbose mode), the textual result code is sur‐
rounded by a carriage return and new line. Any AT query response is also surrounded by a carriage return and new line.
For V=0 (Terse mode), a numeric result code is output with a single trailing carriage return (no new line is output), while any AT query response is followed by a carriage return and new line (there is no preceding output).
•
For example, possible output to the AT command “AT” with carriage return (assuming quiet mode is not on) is:
carriage return ‐ if V=0
carriage return and new line OK another carriage return and new line ‐ if V=1
Note: These commands work for the port on which they are executed.
For example, if the user types ATE1 and then AT&W using a serial
port connection, it will set the serial port to Echo On.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
44
Data Communication and Host Modes
PassThru Mode
In PassThru mode, the Raven does not behave normally, all port communication is passed directly between the internal hardware and the computer connected directly to the modem. This mode can be used to configure hardware‐specific settings. For example, provisioning, troubleshooting, communicating with legacy equipment, etc.
Caution: ALEOS is disabled in PassThru Mode. You cannot use
most ALEOS specific commands while the modem is in PassThru
Mode. While in PassThru mode, you also cannot use AceManager to
connect with the PinPoint.
Issuing the “AT\APASSTHRU” from a terminal emulation enters this mode. The modem responds with OK, at which point a direct connection to the internal hardware is estab‐
lished. You can also configure the modem to enter PassThru mode on start up using MD.
Tip: PassThru can only be exited by resetting or power-cycling the
modem. This mode cannot be entered via a remote Telnet session.
You can configure a string of AT commands to be sent to the Raven when it enters PassThru and other PassThru settings. Figure 6-1: AceManager : PassThru
PassThru Mode allows only specific AT commands. Some ALEOS commands will be unavailable when the Raven is in PassThru mode. The commands usable also depend heavily on the modem model number (found on the label on the top of the Raven). Note: Some internal hardware requires upwards of 20 seconds
before AT commands can be entered, so be patient if there seems to
be no response to AT commands.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
45
Data Communication and Host Modes
Telnet Mode
In AceManager you can configure Telnet operation.
Figure 6-2: AceManager : S0
If you need to change the port for Telnet (for example, you have the default port blocked on your firewall), the option is on the Other tab. The default telnet port is 2332. You can also change the Telnet timeout, if the connection is idle, default 2 minutes.
Figure 6-3: AceManager : Other - *TPORT, *TELNETTIMEOUT.
UDP and UDP Pad
TCP and TCP Pad
Hybrid Modes
AT Command
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Hybrid Mod
(MD5)
Hybrid Mode2
(MD6)
MD
3
3
S82
2
2
S0
1
1
*UDPLAST
0
1
46
Data Communication and Host Modes
Data Communication
Note: The Raven forwards
messages to and from the
cellular network for only ONE
device per port. The Raven is a
one-to-one gateway and does
not have advanced routing
features required to do one-tomany routing.
The primary purpose of the Raven is to forward data from a single device connected to one of the ports to the cellular network and, ultimately, under most circumstances, to the Internet in a one‐to‐one gateway configuration. When the Raven obtains its IP address from your cellular provider, it also obtains the network routing information necessary to forward messages to their routers which can then forward on from there. The Raven then acts as a router for the device connected to it, forwarding to or from the cellular network.
Public and Private Mode
In Public Mode, the Raven will pass the IP address assigned by the cellular network to the device connected to its port. Public Mode is the default mode for the Raven.
If you need more control over which gateway address, device address, and netmask that is given out by the internal DHCP server, you can use the private host mode, *HOSTPRIVMODE, and set the internal network IP addresses. The Raven will use NAT to forward packets to the end device. Tip: When using Public mode, Sierra Wireless recommends
connecting the modem directly to the computer or other end device.
Using a hub or switch may prevent the Raven from updating the IP
address of the end device when an IP address is received from the
cellular network.
In AceManager, the Private mode settings are part of the PPP/
Ethernet group.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
47
Data Communication and Host Modes
Figure 6-4: AceManager : PPP/Ethernet
•
*HOSTPRIVMODE ‐ Set to 1 to enable the explicit IP addresses.
•
*HOSTPRIVIP ‐ Set to the IP address you want the Raven to give to your device.
•
*HOSTPEERIP ‐ Set to the IP address you want for the Raven.
•
*HOSTNETMASK ‐ Set to the subnetmask, generally 255.255.255.0.
Tip: If you are using Private Mode (*HOSTPRIVMODE=1), you will
need to make sure that *HOSTPRIVIP and *HOSTPEERIP are on the
same subnet. If the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0, it is safe to use
192.168.x.y for each as long as the x is the same number (0 in the
example screen shot above) and the y is different (1 and 2 in the
example) and between 0 and 254.
Internal DHCP Server
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) has become a primary component of today’s network environments. DHCP allows one server to automatically and dynamically allocate network IP addresses and other network related settings (such as subnet masks, routers, etc.) to each computer or device without the need to set up each specifically or keep track of what addresses have already been used.
In a default configuration, the Raven acts as a DHCP host to any device connected to its ports, providing that device with an IP address which can be used to communicate on the Internet. In Public Mode, that will be the IP address assigned by the cellular network. In Private Mode, that will be the IP address defined in *HOSTPRIVIP.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
48
Data Communication and Host Modes
1.
When the Raven registers on the cellular network, it is assigned an IP address from your cellular provider, let’s say A.B.C.D. 2.
Acting as a DHCP server, in Public Mode, when the Raven receives a DHCP request from an Ethernet device, it hands off the assigned address to the device and sets up the default gateway address as A.B.C.1. If the fourth octet is already a 1, it assigns A.B.C.2 as the router address.
3.
The Raven also sends a /24 netmask (255.255.255.0 by default) and sets up a static route which maps 192.168.13.31 (or the address configured with *HOSTPEERIP if it is changed) to A.B.C.1 (or A.B.C.2 if that was what the gateway address was given as).
Tip: When PPPoE is used with the Raven, DHCP is not needed. A
tunnel is set up connecting a device (such as your computer or a
router) with the modem. The device will then simply use the MAC
address of the Raven to send all outgoing packets.
Keepalive
Keepalive is used to test the connection to the cellular network by pinging an IP address after a specified period of inactivity. Keepalive is only recommended for users who have a remote terminated modem that infrequently communicates to the network or if you have experienced issues over time where the modem can no longer be reached remotely.
When Keepalive pings the IP address, an acknowledgement indicates there is an active connection to the network. If the Raven does not receive a response from the IP address, it will make additional attempts according to a backoff algorithm before determining the Internet connection is not functioning properly. If it determines the connection is not functioning, the modem will then attempt to reconnect to your cellular provider to reestablish IP connectivity.
Configuring Keepalive
In AceManager, the Keepalive settings are part of the Other group.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
49
Data Communication and Host Modes
Figure 6-5: AceManager : Other
•
*IPPING sets the interval, in minutes, you want Keepalive to test the network connection. To disable Keepalive, set *IPPING to 0 (default setting). Note: 15 minutes is the minimum time which can be set for Keepalive.
If you set *IPPING for a value less than the minimum, the minimum
value will be set.
•
*IPPINGADDR sets the IP address you want to use for the connection test.
Caution: If *IPPINGADDR is left blank or is set to an invalid IP
address (example, an IP which is unreachable or one which is not a
valid IP address), modem performance will be adversely affected.
Data usage using Keepalive
Keepalive is an optional feature. If you frequently pass data with your modem, you most likely do not need to have Keepalive enabled. When using Keepalive, be aware that a ping moves approximately 66 bytes of data over the network and is billable by your cellular provider. The following *IPPING settings will incur approximate monthly data usage in addition to any other data usage: Rev 3.0B Feb.08
50
Data Communication and Host Modes
*IPPING
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Estimated Usage
15 minutes
400k / month
30 minutes
200k / month
60 minutes
100k / month
120 minutes
50k / month
51
7: IP Manager
• Understanding Domain
Names
• Using IP Manager with
your Raven
• Understanding DNS
7
If you have a fleet of Sierra Wireless AirLink modems or even if you only have one, it can be difficult to keep track of the current IP addresses, especially if the addresses aren’t static but change every time the modems connect to Provider. If you need to connect to a modem, or the device behind it, it is so much easier when you have a domain name (car54.mydomain.com, where are you?). Reasons to contact the modem and/or the connected
device:
•
Requesting a location update from a delivery truck.
•
Contacting a surveillance camera to download logs or survey a specific area. •
An oil derek that needs to be triggered to begin pumping.
•
Sending text to be displayed by a road sign.
•
Updating the songs to be played on a juke box.
•
Updating advertisements to be displayed in a cab.
•
Remote access to a computer, a PLC, an RTU, or other system.
•
Monitoring and troubleshooting the status of the modem itself without needing to bring it in or go out to it.
A dynamic IP address is suitable for many Internet activities such as web browsing, looking up data on another computer system, data only being sent out, or data only being received after an initial request (also called Mobile Originated). However, if you need to contact Raven directly, a device connected to the modem, or a host system using your Raven (also called Mobile Terminated), a dynamic IP won’t give you a reliable address to contact (since it may have changed since the last time it was assigned).
Domain names are often only connected to static IP addresses because of the way most domain name (DNS) servers are set‐
up. Dynamic DNS servers require notification of IP Address changes so they can update their DNS records and link a dynamic IP address to the correct name.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
52
IP Manager
•
Dynamic IP addresses are granted only when your Raven is connected and can change each time the modem recon‐
nects to the network.
•
Static IP addresses are granted the same address every time your Raven is connected and are not in use when your modem is not connected.
Since many cellular providers, like wire‐based ISPs, do not offer static IP addresses or static address accounts cost a premium vs. dynamic accounts, Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions developed IP Manager to work with a Dynamic DNS server to receive notification from Sierra Wireless AirLink modems to translate the modem’s dynamic IP address to a fully qualified domain name. Thus, you can contact your Raven directly from the Internet using a domain name.
Understanding Domain Names
A domain name is a name of a server or device on the Internet which is associated with an IP address. Similar to how the street address of your house is one way to contact you and your phone number is another, both the IP address and the domain name can be used to contact a server or device on the Internet. While contacting you at your house address or with your phone number employ different methods, using a domain name instead of the IP address actually uses the same method, just a word based name is commonly easier to remember for most people than a string of numbers.
Understanding the parts of a domain name can help to under‐
stand how IP Manager works and what you need to be able to configure the modem. A fully qualified domain name (FQDN) generally has several parts. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
•
Top Level Domain (TLD): The TLD is the ending suffix for a domain name (.com, .net, .org, etc.)
•
Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD): This suffix is often used after the TLD for most countries except the US (.ca, .uk, .au, etc.)
•
Domain name: This is the name registered with ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) or the registry for a the country of the ccTLD (i.e. if a domain is part of the .ca TLD, it would be registered with the Canadian domain registry). It is necessary to have a name registered before it can be used.
•
Sub‐domain or server name: A domain name can have many sub‐domain or server names associated with it. Sub‐
domains need to be registered with the domain, but do not 53
IP Manager
need to be registered with ICANN or any other registry. It is the responsibility of a domain to keep track of its own subs. car54.mydomain.com
•
.com is the TLD
•
mydomain is the domain (usually noted as mydomain.com since the domain is specific to the TLD)
•
car54 is the subdomain or server name associated with the device, computer, or modem registered with mydomain.com
car54.mydomain.com.ca
This would be the same as above, but with the addition of the country code. In this example, the country code (.ca) is for Canada. Tip: A URL (Universal Resource Locator) is different from a domain
name in that it also indicates information on the protocol used by a
web browser to contact that address, such as http://
www.sierrawireless.com. www.sierrawireless.com is a fully qualified
domain name, but the http://, the protocol identifier, is what makes the
whole thing a URL.
Dynamic Names
When an IP address is not expected to change, the DNS server can indicate to all queries that the address can be cached and not looked up for a long period of time. Dynamic DNS servers, conversely, have a short caching period for the domain infor‐
mation to prevent other Internet sites or queries from using the old information. Since the IP address of a modem with a dynamic account can change frequently, if the old information was used (such as with a DNS server which indicates the address can be cached for a long period of time) when the IP address changed, the domain would no longer point to the new and correct IP address of the modem.
If your Raven is configured for Dynamic IP, when it first connects to the Internet, it sends a IP change notification to IP Manager. IP Manger will acknowledge the change and update the Dynamic DNS server. The new IP address will then be the address for your modem’s configured name.
Once your modem’s IP address has been updated in IP Manager, it can be contacted via name. If the IP address is needed, you can use the domain name to determine the IP address.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
54
IP Manager
Note: The fully qualified domain name of your Raven will be a
subdomain of the domain used by the IP Manager server.
Using IP Manager with your
Raven
To allow your Sierra Wireless AirLink modem to be addressed by name, the modem needs to have a minimum of three elements configured. You can also configure a second dynamic server as a backup, secondary, or alternate server. In AceManager, select Dynamic IP. Figure 7-1: AceManager: Dynamic IP
•
*MODEMNAME : The name you want for the modem. There are some restrictions listed below for the modem name.
•
*DOMAIN : The domain name to be used by the modem. This is the domain name of the server configured for *IPMANAGER1.
•
*IPMANAGER1 : The IP address or domain name of the dynamic DNS server which is running IP Manager.
•
*IPMANAGER2 : The secondary server for the domain. While it is optional to have two servers configured, it is highly recommended.
Tip: You can use a domain name instead of the IP address for your
IP Manager servers if you have DNS set up in your Raven.
•
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
*IPMGRUPDATE1 and *IPMGRUPDATE2: How often, in minutes, you want the address sent to IP Manager. If this is set to zero, the modem will only send an update if 55
IP Manager
the IP address changes (example, if your Raven is reset or is assigned a different IP address).
•
*IPMGRKEY1 and *IPMGRKEY2: User defined password key which is used instead of AirLink secret key when using an IP Manager server other than the one provided by Sierra Wireless.
Restrictions for Modem Name
For the Modem Name, you should use something which is unique but also easy to remember. Your company name or the intended function of the modem are recommended. If you have more than one modem and want to name them the same, you can append a number for each. Since it is an Internet domain name, there are some restrictions for the name.
•
Must begin with a letter or number
•
Can include a hyphen (‐)
•
Cannot contain spaces
•
Must be no longer than 20 characters total Data Usage for IP Manager Server
Updates
The IP Manager update is a small packet sent to the server with a response sent back to the modem. If you have *IPMGRUPDATE1 or *IPMGRUPDATE2 set to any number but zero, the modem will send the update not only when it receives a new IP address but at the time interval as well. The data traffic could be billed by your carrier. Each update is a total of 68 bytes from the modem with a 50 byte total response from the server for a round trip update of 118 bytes.
interval
(minutes)
total bytes per
day (24 hours)
10
16992 bytes
30
5664 bytes
60
2832 bytes
500
339.84 bytes
Eairlink.com
As a service, Sierra Wireless maintains a IP Manager servers which can be used for any AirLink modem.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
56
IP Manager
Note: The IP Manager service
from Sierra Wireless is currently
not a guaranteed service though
every effort is made to keep it
operational 24/7.
•
*DOMAIN : eairlink.com •
*IPMANAGER1 : edns2.eairlink.com
•
*IPMANAGER2 : eairlink.com
Tip: When using the IP Manager service offered by Sierra Wireless,
since there are many modems using the service, it is even more
imperative to have a unique name for your modem.
Understanding DNS
The Raven has the ability to query DNS servers in order to translate domain names into IP addresses. This allows you to use domain names in place of IP addresses for most of the configuration options requiring IP addresses. This is important if your Raven will need to contact another modem or other device that has a domain name but an unknown or dynamic IP address (such as another remote Raven using IP Manager). Configuring DNS
Generally, when your Raven receives its IP address from Provider as part of the connection process, it will also receive the DNS servers to use for resolving (or translating) names to IP addresses which it will automatically configure in the modem settings. Unless your Raven will be used on a network with other modems or devices which have names internal to the local network or frequently changing IP addresses, the DNS servers provided by Provider should be all you need.
If the Raven will be communicating with a device that has a domain name but changes its IP address frequently (such as another AirLink modem using IP Manager) or is on a network where devices are accessed by names rather than IP addresses, you will want to put in an alternate DNS (*DNSUSER) where that domain is updated, such as the IP Manager server the remote modem is using or the listing of IP addresses to names is kept. If you need to manually configure DNS, in AceManager, select DNS.
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IP Manager
Figure 7-2: AceManager: DNS
•
*DNS1 and *DNS2 ‐ The primary and secondary DNS servers set by Provider when your Raven gets its IP address. •
*DNSUSER ‐ Set this, if desired, to an additional DNS server to query first before the primary or secondary (just as a hosts file is queried first on a computer). If *DNSUSER is set to 0.0.0.0, it will be ignored. •
*DNSUPDATE ‐ This command sets how often you want DNS Updates to be requested. Otherwise the Raven will only send updates when it is reset, powered up, or the IP address is granted by network changes. The “PPP-Peer” Domain Name
The Raven uses the unqualified domain name of “ppp‐peer” when it is in PPP or SLIP address mode to resolve the address of the device or computer connected via PPP or SLIP address. If the Raven is not in PPP or SLIP address mode, “ppp‐peer” will resolve to 0.0.0.0.
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8: Configuring Modbus/BSAP
• Configuring the Raven
at the Polling Host
for Modbus on UDP
• Configuring the
Remote Ravens for
Modbus with UDP
8
The Raven supports Modbus ASCII, Modbus RTU, BSAP, and can also emulate other protocols like DF1 or others using its Modbus Variable feature.
Modbus Overview
The Modbus Protocol, developed by Modicon in 1979, provides for client‐server (also referred to as master‐slave) communications between intelligent devices. As a de facto standard, it is the most widely used network protocol in the industrial manufacturing environment to transfer discrete/
analog I/O and register data between control devices. Modbus, BSAP, and other Modbus variations are often used in conjunction with telemetry devices.
Tip: This section is just a brief overview of Modbus. For more information, refer to your Modbus equipment distributor or manufacturer or
http://www.modbus.org.
Telemetry
Telemetry is an automated communications process by which data is collected from instruments located at remote or inacces‐
sible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for measurement, monitoring, display, and recording. Trans‐
mission of the information may be over physical pairs of wires, telecommunication circuits, radios or satellite.
Remote Terminal Unit (RTU)
Modbus was originally designed to be used in a radio environment where packets are broadcast from a central station (also called master or host) to a group of remote units. Each remote unit, Remote Terminal Unit (RTU), has a hexidecimal identification number (ID). The first part of the broadcast packet contains an RTU ID which corresponds to the ID of one of the remote units. The Modbus host looks for the ID and sends to only the unit with the matching ID. The RTU would then reply back to the central station.
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Raven EDGE
The RTU connects to physical equipment such as switches, pumps, and other devices and monitors and controls these devices. The RTU can be part of a network set up for Super‐
visory Control and Data Acquisition.
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA)
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) describes solutions across a large variety of industries and is used in industrial and engineering applications to monitor and control distributed systems from a master location. SCADA encom‐
passes multiple RTUs, a central control room with a host computer (or network), and some sort of communication infra‐
structure.
SCADA allows for “supervisory” control of remote devices as well as acquiring data from the remote locations. Program‐
mable Logic Controllers allow for a higher degree of automated SCADA.
Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)
A Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is a small industrial computer which generally monitors several connected sensor inputs and controls attached devices (motor starters, solenoids, pilot lights/displays, speed drives, valves, etc.) according to a user‐created program stored in its memory. Containing inputs and outputs similar to an RTU, PLCs are frequently used for typical relay control, sophisticated motion control, process control, Distributed Control System and complex networking. Modbus TCP/IP
Modbus TCP/IP simply takes the Modbus instruction set and wraps TCP/IP around it. Since TCP/IP is the communications standard for the Internet and most networked computers, this provides a simpler installation. Modbus TCP/IP uses standard Ethernet equipment. Raven Modbus on UDP
When Sierra Wireless AirLink modems are used in place of radios, a Raven is connected to the central station (host) and aRaven is connected to each remote unit. When the Raven is configured for Modbus with UDP, the Raven connected to the host can store a list of IP addresses or names with matching IDs. When the host at the central station sends serial data as a poll request, the Raven at the host matches the RTU ID to a corresponding IP of a Raven at a remote unit. A UDP packet is assembled encapsulating the RTU ID and serial data trans‐
mitted from the host. The UDP packet is then transmitted to the specific Raven at the remote unit matching the RTU ID. 60
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Configuring Modbus/BSAP
The remote Raven then disassembles the packet before trans‐
mitting the RTU ID and serial data to the remote unit. The remote units operate in normal UDP mode and their data is sent to the host via the remote Raven and host Raven.
Configuring the Raven at the
Polling Host for Modbus on
UDP
This section covers a Polling Host with standard Modbus, variations may need additional AT commands.
1. Configure the listening/device ports
In AceManager, select Misc in the side menu.
Figure 8-1: AceManager: Misc
The destination port for the modem at the host needs to match the device port (*DPORT) in use on all the modems at the remote sites. For example, if the remote modem’s device port (*DPORT) is “12345”, then the Modbus host modemʹs S53 destination port should be set to “12345”. Take note of (or set) the Device Port setting in *DPORT to configure the destination port on the remote modems.
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2. Configure the default mode for start-up.
In AceManager, select UDP in the side menu. Select the appro‐
priate MD mode from the drop down menu. Figure 8-2: AceManager: UDP - MD
•
MD13: Modbus ASCII
•
MD23 : Modbus RTU (Binary)
•
MD33: BSAP
•
MD63: Variable Modbus ‐ individual parameters are set up manually.
3. Configure IP addresses for the Modbus
IDs.
The last step of configuring the modem at the host is setting the IDs to their specific IPs. In AceManager, select the menu option Addr List.
Figure 8-3: AceManager: Addr List.
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Configuring Modbus/BSAP
Addresses can be entered in decimal or hex. AceManager will translate hex entries into decimal. The number before the “=” is ID, the number after is the IP address. There can be a total of 100 remote ID/Local addresses entered into the modem.
When using AT commands via telnet or direct serial connection, use ATMLIST for decimal IDs and ATMLISTX for hexidecimal. For example, if the ID is 27 and the IP is 123.123.123.124, you would enter it as ATMLIST27=123.123.123.124 or ATMLISTX1B=123.123.123.124.
4. Optional: Dynamic IP Address
If you do not have a static IP, the host modem should be configured to report its current IP to a Dynamic DNS (DDNS) server with IP Manager. In the Host modem’s configuration, instead of IP address for the Addr List (ATMLIST or ATMLISTX), substitute a single unique name for each modem, i.e. remote1, remote2, etc.
When you configure IP Manager for the host modem, make note of your modem name and domain setting in AceManager in the menu selection Dynamic IP to be used with the remote modems.
Figure 8-4: AceManager: Dynamic IP
With names instead of IP addresses for the Address List, the host modem will query the DNS server for the current IP address assigned to the specific name of a remote modem to send a message corresponding to the ID. When you use names instead of IP addresses, to ensure your modems are updated quickly with the correct IP addresses for the names, you will want to set the DNS settings as well. In AceManager, select DNS.
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Raven EDGE
Figure 8-5: AceManager: DNS
Configure *DNSUSER to the same IP address as the IP Manager (*IPMANAGER1). If your modems have dynamic IP addresses and not static (the IP address can change when it is powered up), configure *DNSUPDATE to a low interval to allow frequent updates.
Configuring the Remote Ravens
for Modbus with UDP
This section covers standard Modbus settings for the Raven at the remote unit, variations may need additional commands.
1. Configure the ports
In AceManager, select Misc in the side menu.
Figure 8-6: AceManager: Misc
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Configuring Modbus/BSAP
The destination port for the modem at the host needs to match the device port in use on all the modems at the remote sites. For example, if the remote modem’s device port (see below) is “12345”, then the Modbus host modem’s S53 destination port should be set to “12345”. Set the destination port (S53) to match the device port of the host modem (*DPORT). Make sure the device port of the remote modem (*DPORT) matches the destination port of the host modem (S53). 2. Configure IP addresses for the host.
If the Host modem has a static IP address, enter it in the Desti‐
nation Address for S53. Note: With a name instead of
IPs for the host modem, the
remote modems will query the
DNS server for the current IP
assigned to the host modem
before sending data back to the
host.
If the modem at the host has a dynamic IP and is using IP Manager, instead of an IP address for S53, specify the name of the host modem (*MODEMNAME). If the remote modems are using a different DDNS than the host modem, you will need to specify the fully qualified domain name (*MODEMNAME+*DOMAIN).
Note: Setting the Host modem IP address as the S53 Destination
Address provides a low level security. The modem will not forward
UDP traffic unless the source IP/port matches what is in S53.
However, if you set *AIP=1, the modem will forward UDP traffic from
any source IP address as long as it is accessing the modem on the
configured *DPORT.
3. Configure the default mode for start-up.
Each modem at the remote locations will need to be configured to communicate with the modem at the host. In AceManager, select UDP in the side menu.
Figure 8-7: AceManager: UDP
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Raven EDGE
a. Enable S82, UDP auto answer. b. Set S83 to the idle time‐out applicable to your appli‐
cation, commonly 20.
4. Configure other RTU settings.
Other parameters may need to be changed, but this is dependent on the RTU type being used. As a minimum, this typically involves setting the proper serial settings to match your RTU.
5. Optional: Dynamic IP Address
If you do not have a static IP, the host modem should be configured to report its current IP to a Dynamic DNS (DDNS) server with IP Manager. You will need to match the name of the modem to the names specified in the host modem’s MLIST or MLISTX for the connected RTU.
When you configure IP Manager for the host modem, make note of your modem name and domain setting in AceManager in the menu selection Dynamic IP to be used with the remote modems.
Figure 8-8: AceManager: Dynamic IP
When you use names instead of IP addresses, to ensure your modems are updated quickly with the correct IP addresses for the names, you will want to set the DNS settings as well. In AceManager, select DNS.
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Configuring Modbus/BSAP
Figure 8-9: AceManager: DNS
Configure *DNSUSER to the same IP address as the IP Manager (*IPMANAGER1). If your modems have dynamic IP addresses and not static (the IP address can change when it is powered up), configure *DNSUPDATE to a low interval to allow frequent updates.
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9: SNMP : Simple Network
Management Protocol
• SNMP Configuration
• SNMP MIB Definition
Sample
9
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) was designed to allow remote management and monitoring of a variety of devices from a central location. The SNMP management system is generally composed of agents (such as your Raven, a router, a UPS, a web server, a file server, or other computer equipment) and a Network Management Station (NMS) which monitors all the agents on a specific network. Using the management information base (MIB), an NMS can include reporting, network topology mapping, tools to allow traffic monitoring and trend analysis, and device monitoring.
Authentication ensures SNMP messages coming from the agent, such as the Raven, have not been modified and the agent may not be queried by unauthorized users. SNMPv3 uses a User‐Based Security Model (USM) to authenticate and, if desired or supported, message encryption. USM uses a user name and password specific to each device.
The Raven can be configured as an SNMP agent and supports SNMPv2c and SNMPv3. Management Information Base (MIB)
The management information base (MIB) is a type of database used to compile the information from the various SNMP agents. Reports from various agents, such as the Raven, are sent as data in form designed to be parsed by the NMS into its MIB. The data is hierarchical with entries addressed through object identifiers. SNMP Traps
SNMP traps are alerts that can be sent from the managed device to the Network Management Station when an event happens. Your Raven is capable of sending the linkUp trap when the network connection becomes available.
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
SNMP Configuration
To configure your Raven to work as an SNMP agent, you can use either AceManager, or a terminal connection to configure the modem using AT commands. In AceManager, the SNMP commands are all part of the Other group under the Common group.
There are only three commands to set for SNMP in the Raven: the listening port, the security level, and the trap destination.
Figure 9-1: AceManager : Common > Other
Listening Port
*SNMPPORT sets the port for the SNMP agent to listen on. If set to zero, default, SNMP is disabled.
Tip: SNMP generally uses port 161, however most Internet providers
(including cellular) block all ports below 1024 as a security measure.
You should be able to use a higher numbered port such as 10161.
Security Level
*SNMPSECLVL sets the security level and which version of SNMP communications are used.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
•
0 ‐ No security required. SNMPv2c and SMNPv3 commu‐
nications are allowed.
•
1 ‐ Authentication required. SNMPv3 is required to do authentication and SNMPv2c transmissions will be silently discarded. Authentication is equivalent to the authNoPriv setting in SNMPv3.
•
2 ‐ Authentication required and messages are encrypted. SNMPv3 is required to do authentication. SNMPv2c and SNMPv3 authNoPriv transmissions will be silently discarded. Authentication and encryption is equivalent to the authPriv setting in SNMPv3.
70
SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
User Name and Password
The user name is ʹuserʹ. The user name cannot be changed. The Ravenʹs password is used as the SNMP password (default is ʹ12345ʹ). Tip: The eight-character password requirement for SMNPv3 is not
enforced by the PinPoint X Agent to allow the default password to
function. Your SNMP administrator or MIS may require you to change
to a more secure and/or longer password.
To change the password in the Raven, select Modem from the top menu line in AceManager.
Figure 9-2: AceManager : Change Password menu option
The current password will be pre‐entered. As you type the new password and confirm it, the characters you type will be obscured by “x”. For the password, you can use numbers, letters, and/or punctuation. Figure 9-3: Change Password
Caution: The password is case sensitive. “drowssaP” is not the same
as “drowssap”.
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
Trap Destination
*SNMPTRAPDEST needs to be set with the destination IP and port. If either are set to zero or empty, SNMP traps are disabled.
Note: Traps are sent out according to the SNMP security level (i.e. if
the security level is 2, traps will be authenticated and encrypted).
Currently, the only trap supported is LinkUp.
Community String
The community string can be configured using *SNMPCOM‐
MUNITY. The default is “public”.
SNMP MIB Definition Sample
AIRLINK-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN
IMPORTS
ObjectName FROM SNMPv2-SMI
MODULE-COMPLIANCE FROM SNMPv2-CONF;
org OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso 3 }
dod OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { org 6 }
internet OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { dod 1 }
private OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { internet 4 }
enterprises OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { private 1 }
airlink OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { enterprises 20542 }
general OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { airlink 1 }
common OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { airlink 2 }
status OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { airlink 3 }
gps OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { airlink 4 }
-- GENERAL -phoneNumber OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString (SIZE (10))
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 1 }
deviceID OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 2 }
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
electronicID OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 3 }
modemType OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 4 }
aleosSWVer OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 5 }
aleosHWVer OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 6 }
modemSWVer OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX
DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 7 }
modemHWVer OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX
DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { general 8 }
-- COMMON -date OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 1 }
otaProgrammingEnable OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER {
disabled(0),
enabled(1) }
MAX-ACCESS read-only
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
STATUS current
::= { common 2 }
devicePort OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER(0..65535)
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 3 }
netUID OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS
current
::= { common 4 }
netPW OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 5 }
requestPAP OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX
INTEGER {
no(0),
yes(1) }
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 6 }
destinationAddress OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 7 }
destinationPort OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX
INTEGER(0..65535)
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 8 }
serialPortSettings OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 9 }
serialPortFlowControl OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER {
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
none(0),
hardware(2),
software(4) }
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { common 10 }
-- STATUS -ipAddress OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX IpAddress
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 1 }
netState OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 2 }
netChannel OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 3 }
rssi OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX
INTEGER(-125..-50)
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 4 }
serialSent OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 5 }
serialReceived OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS
current
::= { status 6 }
hostMode OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 7 }
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
powerMode OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX
DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { status 8 }
fixObtained OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER {
no(0),
yes(1) }
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { gps 1 }
satelliteCount OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX INTEGER
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { gps 2 }
latitude OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { gps 3 }
longitude OBJECT-TYPE
SYNTAX DisplayString
MAX-ACCESS read-only
STATUS current
::= { gps 4 }
END
Display Responses
The string that is displayed for these objects is the same display for the corresponding AT Command. Object
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
AT Command
phoneNumber
*NETPHONE?
deviceID
*DEVICEID?
electronicID
I3
aleosSWVer
I1
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SNMP : Simple Network Management Protocol
Object
AT Command
aleosHWVer
I1
modemSWVer
I2
modemHWVer
I2
date
*DATE?
otaProgrammingEnable
OPRG?
devicePort
*DPORT?
netUID
*NETUID?
netPW
*NETPW?
requestPAP
*HOSTPAP?
destinationAddress
S53
destinationPort
S53
serialPortSettings
S23
serialPortFlowControl
\Q
ipAddress
*NETIP?
netState
*NETSTATE?
netChannel
*NETCHAN?
rssi
*NETRSSI?
serialSent
not applicable for Raven-E
serialReceived
not applicable for Raven-E
hostMode
*HOSTMODE?
powerMode
*POWERMODE?
PinPoint line modems only
fixObtained
PinPoint line modems only
satelliteCount
PinPoint line modems only
latitude
PinPoint line modems only
longitude
PinPoint line modems only
Product ID
Each modem type has a unique ID associated with it so you can more easily identify the modem from its type on your network. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
77
A: Configuration Commands
•
•
•
•
•
•
A
Info (information)
Status
Common
Logging
Telemetry/Addr List
Edge/HSDPA
The configuration commands (AT commands) in this chapter are arranged according to their placement in AceManager. The commands available in AceManager will depend of the model number of your Raven and, in some cases, the version of the ALEOS firmware installed.
Note: Some commands can only be configured using a terminal
emulation and typed AT commands. Some commands also require
PassThru mode.
Tip: You can use a fully qualified domain name instead of an IP
address for most configuration options calling for an IP address if your
Raven is configured to use DNS. DNS settings frequently come
directly from your cellular provider while your Raven is registering on
the cellular network and receiving it’s IP address.
Info (information)
The commands in the “Info” group have read‐only param‐
eters. They only provide information about the modem. Some of the information displayed in this group does not correspond directly to AT commands.
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Raven EDGE
Figure 1-1: AceManager : Info
*DEVICEID?
The 64‐bit device ID the modem uses to identify itself to the cellular network. *ETHMAC?
The MAC address of the Ethernet port.
*NETPHONE?
The modemʹs phone number, if applicable or obtainable.
&V
View active profile, the contents of the active registers. Not displayed with AceManager.
In
79
•
n=0 : Product name (for example, Raven).
•
n=1 : The Raven’s firmware (ALEOS) version, hardware ID, and copyright. •
n=2 : The internal hardwareʹs firmware version and relevant hardware ID. •
n=3 : The hardware moduleʹs unique identification number or serial number.
•
n=5 : View active profile (the contents of the active registers). Not displayed with AceManager.
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Configuration Commands
Information Displayed in AceManager
without AT Commands Listed
•
Versions of ALEOS, internal hardware, boot, and MSCI: Versions of internally configured hardware and software.
Status
Most of the commands in the “Status” group have read‐only parameters and provide information about the modem. The Status Group has more fields that can be displayed on most screens. You can either resize your window or use the scroll bar on the side to display the remainder. Figure 1-2: AceManager : Status
*HOSTMODE?
The current host mode (AT, PPP, UDP, etc.). If the Raven is not in AT mode, telnet into the modem to execute this command. *NETERR?
The EDGE or GPRS network bit error rate. *NETIP?
Note: If there is no current
network IP address, 0.0.0.0 may
be displayed.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
The current IP address of the modem reported by the internal module, generally obtained from your cellular provider. This is the address can contact the Raven from the Internet. 80
Raven EDGE
Tip: Use *NETALLOWZEROIP if you need to allow the display of an
IP ending in a zero.
*NETOP?
The current cellular carrier from the modemʹs firmware version, for example, your cellular provider. *NETRSSI?
The current RSSI (Receive Signal Strength Indicator) of the Raven as a negative dBm value. Tip: The same information is displayed with the command S202?.
*NETSERV?
The type of service being used by the modem, for example Tech.
*NETSTATE?
The current network state:
•
Connecting To Network: The Raven is in the process of trying to connect to the cellular network. •
Network Authentication Fail: Authentication to the cellular network has failed. Verify settings to activate the Raven.
•
Data Connection Failed: The Raven failed to connect, and it is now waiting a set time interval before it attempts to reconnect. Verify settings to activate the Raven.
•
Network Negotiation Fail: Network connection negoti‐
ation failed. This is usually temporary and often clears up during a subsequent attempt.
•
Network Ready: The Raven is connected to the 1x cellular network and ready to send data.
•
Network Dormant: The Ravenis connected to the 1x cellular network, but the link is dormant. It will be woken up when data is sent or received.
•
No Service: There is no cellular network detected.
•
Hardware Reset: The internal module is being reset. This is a temporary state. +ICCID
Subscriber Identity Module ID. .
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Configuration Commands
+RCIQ
Current Cell Info Information. GPRS or EDGE Only.
Information Displayed in AceManager
without AT Commands Listed
•
Bytes and Packets Received and Sent: Network traffic for the applicable port. •
Number of System Resets: Counter of the number of system resets over the life of the modem or since the configuration was reset. •
Bad Password Count: Counter of the number of bad password attempts. •
IP Reject Count or Log: Rejected IP Data.
•
Temperature of the Internal Hardware Module: The temperature of the internal radio module.
AT Commands Requiring PassThru mode
These commands are not displayed in AceManager. +CCID
Subscriber Identity Module ID.
Subscriber Identity Module ID.
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Raven EDGE
Common
The groups under the heading Common encompass those commands that are common to most Sierra Wireless AirLink modems.
Misc (Miscellaneous)
The commands of the “Misc” group are a variety of commands that don’t directly fit in other categories.
Figure 1-3: AceManager : Misc
+++
Note: +++ is not proceeded by
AT nor does it require a carriage
return (enter). There must be an
idle time (set by S50) on the
serial port before and after this
command.
AT Escape sequence. If the Raven is in a data mode (any mode other than PassThru), this command causes the modem to re‐
enter AT command mode. The “+” is ASCII 0x2B.+++ is not
available in AceManager. Tip: DAE=1 disables the +++ command.
A/
Note: A/ is not proceeded by AT.
Re‐execute last command. A/ is not used in AceManager. A
Manually answer an incoming connection. A is not used in AceManager.
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Configuration Commands
D[method][d.d.d.d][/ppppp] or D[method][@name][/
ppppp]
Dial a connection to a remote IP and Port using method. Cannot be configured in AceManager.
•
method=P : Establish a UDP connection •
method=T : Establish a TCP connection •
method=N : Establish a Telnet connection •
d.d.d.d= IP address to contact •
ppppp= port to contact Examples: ATD - Dial (establish) default connection.
ATDP192.168.13.31/2332 - Dial (establish) UDP session to
192.168.13.31, at port 2332.
To end the connection, issue the +++ escape sequence or drop the DTR line (if Ignore DTR S211=0 or &D2). The default connection is set in S53.
If the method, IP address, or port is omitted, the values from S53 are used. If a telnet connection is requested (N) and the port is not supplied, port 23 will be used instead of the value from S53. If a domain name is specified, the ʹ@ʹ symbol can be used to explicitly indicate the start of the name. For example, if ATDPHONY is issued, this will be interpreted as dial a UDP connection to “HONY”. To dial using the default method to host “PHONY”, one would issue [email protected] Several special dialing numbers exist to make it easy to establish a PPP or SLIP connection with the modem. ATD#19788 or ATDT#19788 will establish a PPP connection (see \APPP) and ATDT#7547 will establish a SLIP connection (see \ASLIP). Tip: The source port of the session is the Device Port (set by S110 or
*DPORT).
DS=n
Allows a PPP connection to be initiated on the host port.
•
n=2 : Initiates the PPP connection.
Cannot be configured in AceManager. Hn
Hang‐Up Command. •
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
n=1 : Hang‐up 84
Raven EDGE
With an AT telnet connection, this command will terminate the host data mode and return the Raven to an AT mode. Cannot be accessed in AceManager. O
Online (Remote): Causes the Raven to go from Command State to data state. Cannot be configured in AceManager. OPRG=n
Enables/disables over‐the‐air firmware upgrading of the Raven. When Sierra Wireless releases a new version of ALEOS, you can upgrade your remote modems with OPRG enabled. •
n=0 : Disables
•
n=1 : Enables
S53=[method][d.d.d.d][/ppppp]
Destination IP address, port, and method. These are used as defaults for the D (Dial) AT command. •
method= P : UDP
•
method=T : TCP
•
method=N : Telnet
•
d.d.d.d=IP address or domain name •
ppppp=the port address Examples: ATS53=T192.168.100.23/12345
ATS53=foo.earlink.com
Telnet to the specified IP at port 12345. ATS53=192.168.100.23/12345
Query the specified IP at port 12345. ATS53=/12345
Query port 12345. Vn
Command Response Mode. •
n=0 : Terse (numeric) command responses •
n=1 : Verbose command responses (Default). Z
Reset the Raven. In AceManager, this command is performed with the Reset option on the toolbar. Tip: *DATZ=1 will disable Z.
85
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Configuration Commands
&W
Writes all changed modem settings. If this command is not issued, any modified values will revert back to their previous values at modem reset. Cannot be configured in AceManager.
*DATE=[mm/dd/yyyy],[hh:mm:ss]
Sets and queries the internal clock. Either the date and time can be specified, or simply one of the two can be specified in which case the unspecified value will remain unchanged. The date and time are always specified 24‐hour notation. •
mm/dd/yyyy=date in month/day/year notation
•
hh:mm:ss=time in 24‐hour notation
*DPORT=n
The modemʹs Device Port which the modem is listening on for inbound packets/data/polls. Can also be set with the command S110. •
n=1‐65535
*HOSTPAP=n
Use PAP to request the user login and password during PPP negotiation on the host connection. •
n=0 : Disable PAP request (Default). •
n=1 : Takes user login and password from Windows DUN connection and copies to *NETUID and *NETPW. *NETALLOWZEROIP=n
Allows the displayed IP address in *NETIP to end in zero (ex. 192.168.1.0). •
n=0 : Do not allow.
•
n=1 : Allow.
*NETPW=pw
The password that is used to login to the cellular network, when required. •
pw=password (30 characters maximum)
*NETPHONE?
The modem’s phone number, if applicable or obtainable.
•
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
86
Raven EDGE
*NETUID=uid
The login that is used to login to the cellular network, when required. •
uid=user id (up to 64 bytes) *STATICIP=d.d.d.d
Set the static IP required to be received from the network. If the modem does not get this IP address from the network, it will reset the internal hardware and try again. The default is 0.0.0.0, which allows any IP address from the network. •
d.d.d.d=IP address
Example: AT*STATICIP=192.168.1.23
Caution: STATICIP does not set the IP address of the modem, it
merely tells the modem which IP address to expect. If the expected IP
address is not granted while registering on the cellular network, the
modem will try to register on the network again until it receives that IP
address. If your account is set up for a dynamic IP address and you
set an address for *STATICIP, you may not be able to register on the
network at all since there is no guarantee you will receive the same
dynamic IP address again.
*STATUSCHK=n
Checks if an SMS message has been received by the modem.
•
n=1‐255 : Seconds between checks. •
n=0 : Never check.
*MODEMHISPEED
Set the internal serial link speed to the internal (radio) module.
•
n=0 : 115200 (default) •
n=1 : 230400
DNS
This group includes commands specific to the modem being able to use domain names instead of IP addresses for other configuration options. 87
20070914
Configuration Commands
Figure 1-4: AceManager : DNS
*DNSn=d.d.d.d
Queries the DNS addresses. Your cellular carrier provides the DNS addresses while your modem is registering on their network. •
n=1 or 2 : First and second DNS address.
•
d.d.d.d=IP address of domain server.
*DNSUPDATE=n
Indicates whether the modem should send DNS updates to the DNS server specified by *DNSUSER. These updates are as per RFC2136. They are not secure and are recommended only for a private network. In a public network, the IP Logger services should be used instead. •
n=0 : DNS updates disabled (Default). •
n=1 : DNS updates enabled.
*DNSUSER=d.d.d.d
Sets a user‐provided DNS to query first when performing name resolutions in the modem. •
d.d.d.d=IP address of domain server
Dynamic IP
This group includes commands specific to dynamic DNS. Dynamic DNS allows the Raven to use a dynamic IP address account, with an IP address that can change each time you connect, and still allow you to use a fully qualified domain name to contact the Raven using IP Manager running on a server with a dynamic DNS updater. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
88
Raven EDGE
Figure 1-5: AceManager : Dynamic IP
*DOMAIN=name
Domain (or domain zone) of which the Raven is a part. This value is used during name resolutions if a fully qualified name is not provided and also for DNS updates. This value can be up to 20 characters long. •
name=domain name (i.e. eairlink.com) If *DOMAIN=eairlink.com, then when [email protected] is entered, the fully qualified name remote1.eairlink.com will be used to perform a DNS query to resolve the name to an IP address. Tip: Only letters, numbers, hyphens, and periods can be used in a
domain name.
*IPMANAGERn=[name][IP address]
Sets a domain name or IP address to send IP change notifica‐
tions to. Up to two independent IP Manager servers can be set, using either AT*IPMANAGER1 or AT*IPMANAGER2. Updates to a server can be disabled by setting that entry to nothing (for example, “AT*IPMANAGER1=”).
•
n=1 : First IP Manager server. •
n=2 : Second IP Manager server. •
name=domain name
*IPMGRKEYn=key
Sets the 128‐bit key to use to authenticate the IP update notifi‐
cations. If the keyʹs value is all zeros, a default key will be used. If all the bytes in the key are set to FF, then no key will be used (i.e. the IP change notifications will not be authenticated). AT*IPMGRKEY1 is used to set the key to use with AT*IPMANAGER1, while AT*IPMGRKEY2 is used to the key with AT*IPMANAGER2. •
89
n=1 : First IP Manager server. 20070914
Configuration Commands
•
n=2 : Second IP Manager server. •
key=128‐bit key in hexadecimal [32 hex characters]
*IPMGRUPDATEn=m
Sets the number of minutes to periodically send an IP update notification to the corresponding server. This will occur even if the IP address of the Raven doesnʹt change. *IPMGRUPDATE1 is used to set the refresh rate to *IPMANAGER1, while *IPMGRUPDATE2 is used with *IPMANAGER2. If the value is set to 0, then periodic updates will not be issued (i.e. IP change notifications will only be sent when the IP actually changes). •
n=1 : First IP Manager server. •
n=2 : Second IP Manager server. •
m=0, 5‐255 : Number of minutes to send an update.
*MODEMNAME=name
Name of the Raven (up to 20 characters long) to use when performing IP address change notifications to IP Manager. The value in *DOMAIN provides the domain zone to add to this name. •
name=modem name (for example, mymodem) Example: if *MODEMNAME=mymodem and *DOMAIN=eairlink.com, then the modemʹs fully qualified domain name is mymodem.eairlink.com. Automatically Generated Names: #I3 ‐ The ESN/IMEI will be used as the name. #CCID ‐ The CCID will be used as the name. #NETPHONE ‐ The phone number will be used as the name.
Tip: Each modem using IP Manager needs a unique name. Two
modems cannot be called “mymodem”. One could be “mymodem1”
with the other as “mymodem”.
PPP/Ethernet
This group includes commands specific to PPP (serial) or Ethernet connections between the Raven and a connected device.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
90
Raven EDGE
Figure 1-6: AceManager : PPP/Ethernet
*DHCPSERVER=n
•
Act as a DHCP server for any Ethernet device connecting to the Raven. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows one device, the DHCP server, to provide dynamic IP addresses to any other device which requests them.
•
n=1 : Enabled. The modem will act as the primary DHCP server for the network.
•
n=2 : Enabled if no other DHCP server is detected (default). If another DHCP server is detected on the network, the Raven will not send out replies to DHCP requests.n=0 : Disabled. The Raven X will not send out replies to DHCP requests.
Tip: For PPPoE, set *DHCPSERVER=0.
*HOSTAUTH=n
Host Authentication Mode: Use PAP or CHAP to request the user login and password during PPP or CHAP negotiation on the host connection. The username and password set in *HOSTUID and *HOSTPW will be used. •
n=0 : Disable PAP or CHAP request (Default). •
n=1 : PAP and CHAP. •
n=2 : CHAP
Tip: For PPPoE, set *HOSTAUTH=1 or *HOSTAUTH=2.
91
20070914
Configuration Commands
*HOSTNETMASK=n.n.n.n
Subnet mask for the host interface. Allows communication with a subnet behind the host interface. •
n.n.n.n = subnet mask, example 255.255.255.0.
*HOSTPEERIP=d.d.d.d
Set or query the IP address that can be used to directly contact the Raven once a cellular connection is established. If this value is not specified, 192.168.13.31 will be used. •
d.d.d.d=local or peer IP address of the modem.
Note: This is not normally used nor needed by user applications.
*HOSTPRIVIP=d.d.d.d
Set or query the private IP address that is to be negotiated by the 1x connection if *HOSTPRIVMODE =1. •
d.d.d.d=IP Address
*HOSTPRIVMODE=n
Set or query whether a private or public (network) IP is to be used when the Host initiates a 1x connection to the modem.
•
n=0 : Public (network) IP Mode: When the Host initiates a PPP connection, the host will be given the network IP address that was obtained from the cellular carrier while registering on the network. If the network issues a new IP address, the cellular connection will be closed (since the IP address has changed) and has to be re‐initiated. (default). •
n=1 : Private IP Mode: When the Host initiates a 1x connection, the host will be given the IP address specified in *HOSTPRIVIP. The modem will then perform 1 to 1 NAT‐like address translation, which shields the Host from network IP changes. *HOSTPW=string
Host Password for PAP, CHAP, or PPPoE.
•
string=password
*HOSTUID=string
Host User ID for PAP, CHAP, or PPPoE.
•
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
string=user id (up to 64 bytes)
92
Raven EDGE
PassThru
PassThru Mode is used to communicate directly to the Raven internal hardware. Caution: While the modem is in PassThru mode, ALEOS is disabled.
If you need to connect to the Raven while it is in PassThru mode, you
will need to do so with a terminal application. Not all commands are
available while the modem is in PassThru mode.
Figure 1-7: AceManager : PassThru
\APASSTHRU
Note: This mode is not available
through the remote AT telnet
server. You will need to connect
to the Raven with it connected
directly to your computer.
Sets the modem operation to pass through mode. This mode will pass any characters received on the port Ethernet directly to the internal hardware module and output any characters from the internal hardware module out the port Ethernet. This allows direct access/configuration of the hardware module. Once this mode is entered, the unit must be physically reset to return to normal operation. This command is not available in AceManager.
Note: It may take up to 30 seconds for the hardware module to
respond after CONNECT is output.
*CSX1=n
PassThru Echo : Echo data to the host.
•
n=0 : Data will be passed to the host. •
n=1 : PASSTHRU mode will echo all host received data and will not pass the data to the modem while the modem is not asserting DCD. Note: If the modem is asserting DCD, data will be passed from the
host to the modem as it normally is when *CSX1=0.
93
20070914
Configuration Commands
*PTINIT=string
Any AT Command string to be passed to the OEM module before entering PASSTHRU mode, e.g. AT&S1V1, etc. •
string=AT command(s)
*PTREFRESH=n
Number of minutes of inactivity in PASSTHRU mode to resend the *PTINIT string to the hardware module. •
n=0 : Disabled
•
n=1‐255 minutes
*RESETPERIOD=n
In PASSTHRU mode, modem will be reset after this period if no data has been sent or received. Value is in hours.
•
n=0 : Disabled
•
n=1‐255 hours
SMTP
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is the de facto standard for email transmission across the Internet. The Raven can send messages using SMTP if it has been configured to use a mail server.
Note: You cannot send an Email with your Raven unless the Email
server you have configured allows your Raven as a relay host. Talk to
your network administrator to ensure you can send email through the
email server using your Raven.
SMS (Short Message Service) is another way to send messages via the cellular network. Most SMS commands require the modem to be in PassThru mode.
Note: SMS may not be supported by your account with your cellular
carrier.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
94
Raven EDGE
Figure 1-8: AceManager : SMTP
*NETSMS2EMAIL=n
Specify the SMS/E‐mail server number. This maybe necessary to send an SMS message to an email address. Cannot be used with AceManager.
•
n=SMS/E‐mail server number
*SMTPADDR=[d.d.d.d][name]
Specify the IP address or Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of the SMTP server to use. •
d.d.d.d=IP Address
•
name=domain name (maximum: 40 characters).
*SMTPFROM=email
Sets the email address from which the SMTP message is being sent. •
email=email address (maximum: 30 characters).
*SMTPPW=pw
Sets the password to use when authenticating the email account (*SMTPFROM) with the server (*SMTPADDR). •
pw= password
Note: Not required to use SMTP settings but may be required by your
cellular carrier.
*SMTPSEND=email[body]
Sends an email to the address specified, followed by the body of the email message. The email message is terminated and sent by entering a . or Ctrl‐Z on an empty line. Cannot be configured with AceManager.
95
•
email=email address
•
body=message body
20070914
Configuration Commands
*SMTPSTATUS?
Returns the status of the last issued SMTP message (*SMTPSEND). If no status is available 0 is returned. Once read, the status is cleared out. The status codes returned come from the SMTP server to which that the modem sent the request. Unless the receiving server is not standard, they follow the RFC for SMTP. Cannot be used with AceManager.
Example: 354 = send in progress
250 = sent ok
*SMTPSUBJ=subject
Allows configuration of the default Subject to use if one isnʹt specified in the message by providing a “Subject: xxx” line as the initial message line. •
subject=message subject
*SMTPUSER=user
The email account username to authenticate with the SMTP server (*SMTPADDR) for sending email. •
user=username (maximum: 40 characters).
Note: Not required to use SMTP settings but may be required by your
cellular carrier.
Remarque :
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
96
Raven EDGE
Other
Figure 1-9: AceManager : Other
DAE=n
AT Escape Sequence detection. •
n=0 : Enable
•
n=1 : Disable
*DATZ=n
Enables or disables reset on ATZ. •
n=0 : Normal Reset (Default).
•
n=1 : Disable Reset on ATZ.
*IPPING=n
Set the period to ping (if no valid packets have been received) a specified address (*IPPINGADDR) to keep the modem alive (online). •
n=0 : Disable pinging (default)
•
n=15‐255 minutes
Note: 15 minutes is the minimum interval which can be set for
Keepalive. If you set *IPPING for a value between 0 and 15, the
minimum value of 15 will be set.
97
20070914
Configuration Commands
*IPPINGADDR=[d.d.d.d][name]
Set the IP address or valid internet domain name for the Raven to ping to keep itself alive (online). *IPPING must to be set to a value other than 0 to enable pinging. •
d.d.d.d=IP address
•
name=domain name
*MSCIUPDADDR=name[/port]
Modem Status Update Address ‐ where Name/Port is the domain name and port of the machine where the modem status updates will be sent. The status parameters of the Raven are sent in an XML format.
•
name=domain name
•
port=port
*MSCIUPDPERIOD=n
Modem Status Update Period ‐ where n defines the update period in seconds.
•
n=0 : Disabled. •
n=1‐255 seconds
*NETWDOG=n
Network connection watchdog: The number of minutes to wait for a network connection. If no connection is established within the set number of minutes, the Raven modem resets. •
n=0 : Disabled.
•
n=minutes : Default = 120 min.
*RESETCFG
Wipe the non‐volatile data in the modem. Cannot be used with AceManager.
Caution: You may need to reactivate your modem if you erase the
non-volatile data.
*SNMPCOMMUNITY=string
The SNMP Community String acts like a password to limit access to the modem’s SNMP data.
•
string =string of no more than 20 characters (default = public).
*SNMPPORT=n
This controls which port the SNMP Agent listens on.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
98
Raven EDGE
•
n=0 : SNMP is disabled. •
n=1‐65535
*SNMPSECLVL=n
Selects the security level requirements for SNMP communica‐
tions. •
n=0 : No security required. SNMPv2c and SNMPv3 communications are allowed.
•
n=1 : Authentication equivalent to “authNoPriv” setting in SNMPv3. SNMPv3 is required to do authentication, SNMPv2c transmissions will be silently discarded.
•
n=2 : Authentication and encryption, equivalent to “authPriv”ʹ setting in SNMPv3. SNMPv3 is required to do authentication and encryption, SNMPv2c and SNMPv3 authNoPriv transmissions will be silently discarded. Messages are both authenticated and encrypted to prevent a hacker from viewing its contents.
*SNMPTRAPDEST=host/[port]
Controls destination for SNMP Trap messages. If port is 0 or host is empty, traps are disabled. Traps are sent out according to the SNMP security level (i.e. if the security level is 2, traps will be authenticated and encrypted). Currently, the only trap that can be generated is linkup.
•
host=IP address
•
port=TCP port
*SNTP=n
Enables daily SNTP update of the system time. •
n=0 : Off •
n=1 : On
*SNTPADDR=[d.d.d.d][name]
SNTP Server IP address, or fully‐qualified domain name, to use if *SNTP=1. If blank, time.nist.gov is used.
•
d.d.d.d=IP address
•
name=domain name
*TELNETTIMEOUT=n
Telnet port inactivity time out. By default, this value is set to close the AT telnet connection if no data is received for 2 minutes.
•
99
n=minutes
20070914
Configuration Commands
*TPORT=n
Sets or queries the port used for the AT Telnet server. If 0 is specified, the AT Telnet server will be disabled. The default value is 2332. •
n=0 : Disabled. •
n=1‐65535
Tip: Many networks have the ports below 1024 blocked. It is recommended to use a higher numbered port.
*TQUIT
Disconnects the telnet session. Not available in AceManager..
Friends
Friends Mode can limit access to the Raven from the cellular network and the Internet. Friends mode is a basic firewall.
Caution: If you are using Friends Mode you will not be able to use
AceManager remotely or Telnet to the modem unless you are
contacting the modem from one of the configured IP addresses.
Note: Friends Mode will only prevent the Raven modem from
receiving data from those IP addresses not on the Friends List. It
cannot prevent data, such as pings, from traversing the network to the
modem which may billable traffic even though the modem does not
receive the data.
Figure 1-10: AceManager : Friends
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
100
Raven EDGE
FM=n
Friends Mode ‐ Only allow specified IPs to access the Raven modem. •
n=0 : Disable Friends mode •
n=1 : Enable Friends mode ‐ Only packets from friends will be accepted, packets from other IP addresses are ignored. Fn=[d.d.d.d]
Friends mode IP address. •
n=0‐9 Friends list index •
d.d.d.d = IP address
Using 255 in the IP address will allow any number.
Example: 166.129.2.255 allows access by all IPs in the range 166.129.2.0‐166.129.2.255. Tip: ATF? will return a list of all the current Fn settings.
Logging
This group includes commands specific to the internal log.
Caution: Logging is intended for diagnostic purposes only. Extensive
use of logging features can cause degraded modem performance.
Figure 1-11: AceManager : Logging
*DBGCOMMLVL=n
Set the logging level for the host or module COM port. 101
•
n=0 : No logging •
n=1 : Host COM Port
•
n=2 : Module COM Port 20070914
Configuration Commands
*DBGDHCPLVL=n
Enable or disable internal DHCP logging. •
n=0 : No logging
•
n=1 : Log DHCP events. *DBGETHLVL=n
Sets the logging level for the Ethernet port. •
n=0 : No logging •
n=1 : Log errors: invalid/corrupt packets, etc. •
n=2 : Log the header of all received packets. Note that this can quickly exhaust available space for the event log.
*DBGIPLVL=n
Sets the logging level for the IP subsystem. •
n=0 : No logging
•
n=1 : Log errors (i.e. invalid/corrupt packets, etc.).
•
n=2 : Log the header of all received packets. Note that this can quickly exhaust available space for the event log.
•
n=3 : Log the header of all received and sent packets. Note that this can quickly exhaust available space for the event log.
*DBGPPPLVL=n
Sets the logging level for the PPP stack. •
n=0 : No logging •
n=1 : Log client events (default)
•
n=2 : Log server events •
n=3 : Log client and Server events Telemetry/Addr List
Modbus, commonly used with telemetry devices, allows a connection via serial port to the modem. Telemetry and Addr List commands are only used when the modem is in one of the Modbus start‐up modes. Further, Telemetry and the Addr List are available with all Raven line modems which have a serial port, such as the Raven X and the Raven XT. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
102
Raven EDGE
Figure 1-12: AceManager : Telemetry
IPL=n
IP List Dial allows access the Modbus IP list using the first two digits of the dial string. Example: ATDT1234567 would go to ID “12” on the Modbus list and use the associated IP as the destination. •
n=0 : Disabled
•
n=1 : Enabled
MVLEN=n
Modbus Variant ID Length: Length of the RTU ID in a modbus‐variant protocol, in bytes. •
n=1 : This parameter is used to define the length of the RTU ID in Modbus‐like protocol data packets. •
n=2 : This parameter is used when the when the MD is set to hex 63. MVMSK=hh
Modbus Variant ID Mask: Byte hex mask to use when extracting the ID. Specify which bits in the ID field to use. This parameter is used when the when the Mode Default (MD) is set to hex 63. •
hh=hex value · 00 ‐ no mask, all 8 bits (default) · 0F ‐ only the low order 4 bits MVOFF=n
Modbus (variable mode) Offset: Indicates the offset in the data of where the Modbus ID starts. •
103
n=0 ‐ 255
20070914
Configuration Commands
MVOPT=n
Modbus Variant Option: Sets various behavioral options when dealing with a Modbus‐variant protocol. This parameter is used when the when MD is set to hex 63. Cannot be configured in AceManager.
•
n=0 : No special action (Default).
•
n=1 : Skip leading zeroes in Modbus packets.
MVTYP=n
Modbus Variant Type: The data‐type of the RTU ID in a modbus‐variant protocol. This parameter is used to define the data‐type of the RTU ID in Modbus‐like protocol data packets. This parameter is used when MD is set to 63. •
n=0 : Binary (Default) •
n=1 : ASCII Hex
•
n=2 : ASCII Decimal
RKEY=n
Enable/disable MDS Radio transceiver keying. Radio keying is designed to assert CTS when a packet is received, delay the time as specified, send the data out the serial port, wait the same amount time, drop CTS. This way, the CTS signal can be used to key a transmitter on and give it time to reach its power level before data is sent to it. Delay interval is specified in S221.
•
n=0 : Off (Default).
•
n=1 : On.
Addr List
Figure 1-13: AceManager : Addr List
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
104
Raven EDGE
MLIST and MLISTX are configured by the fields available in the Addr List group. AceManager automatically differentiates between them to enter the correct command for the modem.
MLISTid=d.d.d.d
Enters an ID and IP address into the Modbus List. ID is a decimal value (1 to 100). •
id=ID
•
d.d.d.d=IP address or name
MLISTXhexid=d.d.d.d
Enters an ID and IP address into the Modbus List. ID is a hexadecimal value (0 to 64). •
hexid=ID
•
d.d.d.d=IP address or name
Edge/HSDPA
This group includes commands specific to HSDPA, EDGE and GPRS. If you are not connecting to a modem which uses HSDPA, EDGE, or GPRS, you will not see this group in the menu.
105
20070914
Configuration Commands
Figure 1-14: AceManager : EDGE/HSDPA
*NETAPN=apn
Easy entry of the APN. If left blank, the modem will attempt to use the default subscriber value as defined by the account. •
apn=access point name
+CGQMIN
Minimum Acceptable Quality of Service Profile. Change should be at carrierʹs request. Normally not required to be changed. +CGQREQ
Set Quality of Service Profile. Change should be at carrierʹs request. Normally not required to be changed.
+COPS=mode,[format][,oper]
Manually specify an operator. Refer also to *NETOP. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
•
mode=0 : Automatic ‐ any affiliated carrier [default]. •
mode=1 : Manual ‐ use only the operator <oper> specified. •
mode=4 : Manual/Automatic ‐ if manual selection fails, goes to automatic mode. •
format=0 : Alphanumeric (ʺnameʺ) (G3x10 must use this format).
•
format=2 : Numeric •
oper=”name”
106
Raven EDGE
107
20070914
B: Circuit Switch Communications B
• Step by Step
Configuration
• Step by Step
Configuration
Note: When the Raven is used
for circuit switch, the circuit
switch configuration will disable
all ALEOS features except for
serial port communication.
Circuit‐switch communication requires the Raven to be in PassThru mode, communicating directly with the internal hardware. PassThru mode disables the use of ALEOS in the modem. Any features available using ALEOS are not usable when the modem is in PassThru mode. In PassThru mode, the settings available are those of the internal hardware. The Raven in PassThru mode can not.
The best machines for use in circuit‐switched mode are ones that can provide their own INIT or setup strings and/or issue AT commands. For customers who have unintelligent machines who still need to have the modem ʹreadyʹ to behave in a certain way (such as Auto‐Answering circuit‐switched data calls), there is a feature in the modem called the INIT STATE.
Configuring Circuit-Switch
The Raven needs to be configured to enter into PassThru after start up. You can use AceManager (preferred) or direct serial communication to configure the Raven to work in PassThru mode and for circuit‐switched communications. In the UDP group, select the MD command and choose 07‐PassThru. Figure 2-1: AceManager : UDP > MD
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Raven EDGE
The Raven needs a command string sent to the modem after it is initialized. The command string will need to be tailored for your application. Different models of the Raven may respond differently to some of the commands. In the PassThru group, type your command string in the input field for *PTINIT.
Figure 2-2: AceManager: PassThru
AT Commands and the Command String
Each modem requires a command string that is a combination of AT commands limited to a maximum of 40 characters. The command string will vary depending on the needs of the connected device. For example, some devices need DTR to be high while others need DTR to be ignored. For a full listing as well as parameters and defaults, refer the AT Command appendix.
Caution: The only commands that can be used in the string are
those which do not require ALEOS. All AT Commands beginning with
an * (asterix) require ALEOS.
Common AT Commands
109
•
E ‐ Echo •
Q ‐ Quiet Mode •
&C ‐ DCD Control •
&D ‐ DTR Options •
&S ‐ DSR Options •
S0 ‐ Auto‐answer mode •
S7 ‐ Wait for Carrier •
S8 Comma Pause Time •
S9 ‐ Carrier Detect Response Time 20070914
Circuit Switch Communications
Raven LEDs in Circuit-Switched Mode
When the Raven is in Circuit‐Switched mode, the LEDs on the front will behave differently. The Chan, Link, and Reg LEDs will flash in tandem, like with PassThru mode, while all other LEDs (except for Power) will be off. Step by Step Configuration
For your convenience, these directions use pre‐configured template.
1. Gather the required hardware and
software
Hardware Required
•
A personal computer with a functioning serial port or USB port and a USB to serial converter configured to work with your computer. •
A straight through RS232 cable (DB9M‐DB9F).
•
A suitable power supply and antenna for the Raven. Without suitable signal strength the modem will not function. Better than at least ‐100dBM is required.
Software Required
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•
Modem Doctor ‐ Utility to conduct diagnostics and to bring your modem to a base‐level of configuration. You can download Modem Doctor from the Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions website: http://www.airlink.com. This utility does not need to be installed; it is run directly. Remember where you downloaded it to, so you can run it as part of the instructions below.
•
AceManager ‐ Graphical interface for entering most AT Commands. You can download AceManager from the Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions website: http://
www.airlink.com/. A default installation of this utility is assumed later in these directions.
•
Raven Templates for Circuit‐Switch ‐ These templates are provided by your Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions repre‐
sentative and have a .xml extension. You can also download the appropriate template from: http://
www.airlink.com/docs/AppNotes/CircuitSwitchTem‐
plates/. You should only download the template which matches your modem model and/or configuration needs.
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Raven EDGE
2. Connect the modem to your computer
Using the RS232 cable, connect the modem to the computer and apply power to the modem. 3. Erase the internal memory
The Raven should have the internal memory erased to bring the modem to a known starting point without any configu‐
ration or account programming. a. Start Modem Doctor.
b. Select Erase the modemʹs non‐volatile data.
Figure 2-3: Modem Doctor
c.
Select Serial from the Interface options and select the Port on your computer to which the Raven is connected. Leave the Baud setting at 115200.
Figure 2-4: Modem Doctor: Interface
d. Click the Next button and press the modem Reset button when prompted. The modem Reset button is located on the front panel of the modem and can be accessed with the point of a pen or similar tool.
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Circuit Switch Communications
Figure 2-5: Raven: Reset button
e. Click the Exit button in Modem Doctor when the process is complete.
4. Activate the Raven
5. Start AceManager.
Start > All Programs > AirLink Communications > AceManager 3G > AceManager 3G
a. Click the Connect button. Figure 2-6: AceManager
b. Select PPP.
c.
Select COM1 for the Port.
d. Enter 12345 for the Password.
e. Click OK.
Figure 2-7: AceManager : Connect to Modem using PPP
6. Configure serial port speed.
a. On the left, under the GROUPS heading, select Serial. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
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Raven EDGE
Figure 2-8: AceManager : Serial - *MODEMHISPEED
b. Change the *MODEMHISPEED setting to “0”.
7. Save the serial setting.
a. Click the Write button on the tool bar of AceManager and wait for the message “Write Successful” to appear in the status bar.
Figure 2-9: AceManager : Write
b. Click the Clear button.
Figure 2-10: AceManager : Clear
c.
Click the Disconnect button. Figure 2-11: AceManager : Disconnect
d. Press the modem Reset button on the front of the modem. 113
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Circuit Switch Communications
Figure 2-12: Raven: Reset
e. Wait until the modem REG indicator is lit and then proceed to the next step. 8. Configure the Raven using a
AceManager template.
Caution: Do not proceed to this step before the REG indicator light is
lit.
a. Click the Refresh All button on the tool bar of AceManager and wait until all of the modem infor‐
mation is loaded into the AceManager application.
Figure 2-13: AceManager : Refresh All
b. Click the Load button on the tool bar. Figure 2-14: AceManager : Load
c.
Change to the folder (directory) where you downloaded the template(s) and select the template for your modem model and/or preferred mode. Figure 2-15: AceManager : Template
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Raven EDGE
9. Configure additional PassThru
settings.
a. On the left, under the GROUPS heading, select PassThru. Figure 2-16: AceManager : PassThru
b. For *PTREFRESH, enter a value of 15.
c.
For *RESETPERIOD, enter a value of 6.
10. Save the configuration settings.
Click the Write button on the tool bar of AceManager and wait for the message “Write Successful” to appear in the status bar.
11. Configure the Raven for your
equipment.
a. Make any appropriate changes to the serial port parameters to match your equipment. These changes are made under the group Serial. Caution: Do not under any circumstances change the
*MODEMHISPEED setting from the template configuration, the only
recommended setting to change is the S23 setting.
b. Follow the directions above to Write the changes to the modem. 12. Reset the Raven.
a. Click the Disconnect button. b. Press the modem Reset button on the front of the modem. c.
Wait until the modem REG indicator is lit. d. Disconnect the Raven from your computer.
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Circuit Switch Communications
13. Test the Raven Configuration.
Once the modem has been activated and you’ve built the command string it is recommended that the Raven modem be tested previous to field installation. a. Verify that the modem Chan, Link and Reg indicators are blinking in unison confirming that the modem is now operating in circuit switched (IS‐95) mode.
Note: The dial test should be
completed with the serial cable
disconnected to verify that no
signaling is required by the
modem.
b. Dial the Raven modem telephone number from a land line and verify that the modem automatically answers the call with modem tones. c.
Verify outgoing calls.
1.
Connect the modem to your computer with a serial cable. Using a terminal emulation program (HyperTerminal) set up for 9600bps, 8 data bits, no parity and 1 stop bit. 2.
Enter the command: ATD[phone number]. For the [phone number], enter a known phone number including the area code for which you can hear ring (such as your office phone). 14. Commission the Raven Modem on
Site.
The following steps represent a guideline and makes assump‐
tions that the modem has been verified previously in a controlled environment. a. Install the Raven modem verifying that all power and antenna cables are correctly secured.
b. Verify that the Raven modem powers up and that the Chan, Link and Reg lights blink in unison.
c.
Connect the Raven modem to the laptop computer via a straight through RS232 cable or connect the serial cable from the modem to a USB to serial device that has been previously installed on the laptop.
d. Remove the connection to the Laptop PC and connect your equipment to the Raven Modem.
e. Have the actual application call your equipment via the modem telephone number and verify communica‐
tions.
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Raven EDGE
117
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C: Windows Dial-up Networking
(DUN)
• Installing a modem
driver for Raven
• Creating a Dial-Up
Networking (PPP)
Connection
• Connecting to the
Internet Using DUN
C
Dial‐up Networking (DUN) allows a computer or other device to use the on your Raven to connect to the Internet or private network using PPP just like an analog modem using a standard phone line. Caution: To install any driver on your computer, you may need to be
logged in as Administrator or have Administrator privileges for your
login.
Microsoft Windows XP is used in the examples below. The modem driver installation and DUN setup and configuration is similar in Microsoft Windows products. Examples are not provided here for installing the driver or configuring DUN for any other operating system. Installing a modem driver for
Raven
Standard installations of Microsoft Windows XP and 2000 include a generic modem driver which will work with your Raven. 1. Connect the Raven.
a. Connect the modem to the computer with a DB‐9 cable or the USB port in serial mode. . b. Plug in the AC adapter, connect the antenna(s) and power on the modem. 2. Install the driver.
a. Select Start > Control Panel > Phone and Modem Options (in Classic View). Rev 3.0B Feb.08
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-1: Phone and Modem Options
b. Select the Modems tab. Figure 3-2: Phone and Modem Options: Modems
c.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Select Add.
119
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-3: Add Hardware Wizard
d. Check Don’t detect my modem; I will select it from a list.
e. Select Next.
Figure 3-4: Add Hardware Wizard: Install New Modem
f.
Select (Standard Modem Types) from the Manufacturers column.
g. Select Standard 33600 bps Modem from the Models column.
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Tip: If you have the speed for your modem configured as something
other than the default, use the Standard Modem that matches the
speed you configured.
h. Select Next. Figure 3-5: Add Hardware Wizard: Select Ports
i.
Check Selected Ports
j.
Select the COM port the modem is connected to (commonly COM1).
k. Select Next. Figure 3-6: Add Hardware Wizard: Finish
l.
Rev 3.0B Feb.08
Once the modem driver is installed, select Finish. 121
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
3. Configure the driver.
When you return to the Phone and Modem Options window, you should see the newly installed modem “attached to” the correct COM port. Figure 3-7: Phone and Modem Options: Modems
a. Highlight the modem and select Properties. Figure 3-8: Modem Properties
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
b. Select the Modem tab.
Figure 3-9: Modem Properties: Modem
c.
Maximum Port Speed should be set to 115200 (default). d. Select OK to exit. e. Select OK again to exit out of the Phone and Modem Options.
Creating a Dial-Up Networking
(PPP) Connection
Once you have the driver for the modem installed on your computer, you can set up and configure Dial Up Networking (DUN) to use the modem as your connection to the Internet using PPP.
Note: No other device or program can be using the same COM port
(serial port) configured for the modem driver.
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Caution: If you have an existing LAN connection, installing DUN for
the modem may interfere with the LAN connection. It's recommended
to disconnect your LAN connection before using a PPP connection
with your Raven.
Once the DUN connection is initiated, by default, it will take over as the “default route” for network communication and specifically for Internet access. If you want the two connections to co‐exist, you will need to de‐select “Use default gateway on remote network” (described later) and use the route command in Windows to setup routing through the modem properly. This guide does not provide information on the route command. You may need to consult with your network admin‐
istrator to properly configure routing.
1. Create a new network connection.
a. Select Start > Connect To > Show All Connections to open the Network Connections window. Figure 3-10: Windows : Start menu
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
b. Select Create a New Connection under Network Tasks in the menu area on the left. Figure 3-11: Create New Connection
c.
Select Next to start installing and configuring the DUN connection. Figure 3-12: New Connection Wizard
d. Select Connect to the Internet.
e. Select Next. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
125
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-13: New Connection: Type
f.
Select Set up my connection manually.
g. Select Next. Figure 3-14: New Connection: How do you want to connect?
h. Select Connect using a dial‐up modem.
i.
Select Next. Figure 3-15: New Connection: Connect using...
j.
Optional: If you have multiple modems installed on your computer, you may be prompted to select the modem to be used. If you only have one modem installed, this option will be omitted. k. Check Standard 33600 bps Modem.
l.
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Select Next. 126
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-16: New Connection: Select Modem
m. Type in a name for the connection, such as Sierra Wireless AirLink Modem. n. Select Next. Figure 3-17: New Connection: Connection Name
Tip: The name provided here will not effect the connection in any
way. It is only a label for the icon. It can be the name of your wireless
service provider (Provider), your modem (Raven), or any other designation for the connection.
o. Type in 10001 as the phone number for the modem to dial.
p. Select Next.
Figure 3-18: New Connection: Phone Number
q. Optional: If you have multiple users configured for your computer, you may be prompted for Connection Availability. If you select My use only, the account currently logged on will be the only one able to use this DUN connection.
r.
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Select Next.
127
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-19: New Connection: Permissions
Generally the modem takes care of the Account Information, User name and Password, for the connection, so you can leave the fields blank (unless otherwise instructed by Support). s.
If you want to allow others to use the same login for the modem, select Use this account name and password....
t.
Select Next.
Figure 3-20: New Connection: Connection Information
Caution: If you have a LAN connection to the Internet and select
Make this the default Internet Connection for the DUN configuration,
you will not be able to use the LAN to connect to the Internet and may
also affect the network connection on your computer to the rest of the
LAN. Select this option ONLY if the Raven will be your sole network
connection.
u. If you want to add a shortcut for this DUN connection to your desktop, check Add a shortcut. v.
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Select Finish to exit the Network Connection Wizard. 128
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-21: New Connection: Finish
2. Configure the DUN connection
After you complete the New Connection Wizard, there are a few more things you will want to configure in the connection. a. Select Properties. Figure 3-22: DUN Connection
b. Uncheck Use dialing rules. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
129
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
c.
Check Show icon...when connected.
d. Select Configure, below the Connect using line.
Figure 3-23: DUN Properties
e. Select 115200 as the Maximum speed. f.
Check Enable hardware flow control. g. Do not check any other option. h. Select OK. Rev 3.0B Feb.08
130
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-24: Modem Configuration
i.
Back at the main properties screen, select the Networking tab.
Figure 3-25: Networking
j.
Select Settings.
k. Remove the checks from all three PPP settings. l.
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Select OK. 131
Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-26: PPP Settings
m. Select (highlight) Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then select Properties. Tip: For most configurations, you will be obtaining the IP address and
the DNS server address automatically.
n. Select Advanced. Figure 3-27: TCP/IP Properties
o. Uncheck Use IP header compression. p. Check Use default gateway on remote network.
q. Select OK.
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Figure 3-28: Advanced TCP/IP
Tip: You may want to check the Options tab and change the settings
for applications you might be using. The default options are generally
applicable for most uses.
Caution: Unless specifically directed to do so by Support or your
network administrator, you do not need to make any changes to the
options on the Security tab.
r.
Select OK until you return to the Connect window. Connecting to the Internet
Using DUN
There are two methods you can use to connect with Raven to the Internet using DUN, AceView and the Windows DUN connection directly.
AceView
AceView is a small utility which can maintain your DUN connection and monitor the connection of your Raven to Provider. If you have not already installed AceView you can obtain the most recent version from the Sierra Wireless Airlink website. Note: The direct DUN
connection features of AceView
are not available in Windows 98
or Windows NT.
This guide assumes you have a default installation of AceView.
1. Start AceView.
Start > All Programs > AirLink Communications > AceView
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
2. Enable the Connection.
Figure 3-29: AceView: Menu
a. Right‐click on the AceView window to open the menu.
b. Select Connection Settings. Figure 3-30: AceView: Connection Settings
c.
Select Auto Start in the DUN section. d. Select Maintain Persistent Connection.
When checked, AceView will continually check the DUN connection to ensure it is not down. If so, AceView will attempt to connect again. Tip: When using the DUN connection, make sure the IP Address is
set to the local IP address of the modem, 192.168.13.31 by default.
e. Select OK.
f.
OK.
Windows DUN
You can directly use the Dial‐up link for the DUN connection.
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
1. Start the DUN session.
Start > Connect To > Sierra Wireless Airlink Modem
If you named the connection differently, use the name of the PPP connection you made earlier.
Figure 3-31: DUN Connection
Tip: Generally you will not need to enter a Username or Password. If
you do need to enter either, you can enter these parameters
beforehand using *NETUID and *NETPW.
2. Select Dial to connect to the modem
and the cellular network.
Note: The speed shown in the
connection is the speed between
the modem and your computer, it
is not the speed of the modem’s
connection to Provider or the
Internet.
When you’re connected, an icon should appear in the system tray showing the connection status. Figure 3-32: Connection indicator
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Windows Dial-up Networking (DUN)
Caution: For DUN connections on a Windows Mobility or other nonpersonal computer, the DNS settings may not be configured with the
DUN connection. You may need to go into the network settings and
add DNS servers manually.
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136
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