Smith Corona 1602HD User manual

Smith Corona 1602HD User manual
OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
SPRAY STAR 1600HD
Model 1602HD
April, 2002
SMITHCO PRODUCT SUPPORT
1-800-891-9435
Hwy SS and Poplar Avenue, Cameron WI 54822
E-mail: [email protected]
CONTENTS
Introduction
Operation
Introduction .............................................................................................. 1-10
Introduction ................................................................................................1
Symbols ................................................................................................. 2-3
General Safe Practices ..............................................................................4
Safe Spraying Practices .............................................................................5
Specifications .............................................................................................6
Optional Spray Equipment .........................................................................6
Set Up .................................................................................................... 7-8
Controls & Instruments ......................................................................... 9-10
Maintenance
Operation ................................................................................................11-23
Machine Operation Instructions .......................................................... 11-13
Console Features .....................................................................................14
Console Programming .............................................................................15
Console Calibration ........................................................................... 15-16
Initial Programming ............................................................................ 17-21
Initial Console Setup ................................................................................21
Console Field Test ...................................................................................22
Spray Operation ................................................................................. 22-23
Spraying Procedure
Spraying Procedure ............................................................................... 24-30
Spraying Introduction ...............................................................................24
Turf Management .....................................................................................24
Hose & Handgun Spraying .......................................................................25
Nozzles .............................................................................................. 25-26
Calibration Introduction ............................................................................27
The Nozzle Chart Method of Calibration ............................................ 28-29
The “128” Method of Boom Sprayer Calibration ................................ 29-30
Nozzle Charts
Nozzle Charts ......................................................................................... 31-36
Nozzle Performance Chart #1 ..................................................................31
Nozzle Performance Chart #2 ..................................................................32
Nozzle Performance Chart #3 ..................................................................33
Nozzle Performance Chart #4 ..................................................................34
Nozzle Performance Chart #5 ..................................................................35
Nozzle Performance Chart #6 ..................................................................36
Reference
Reference ............................................................................................... 37-38
Abbreviations and Conversions ...............................................................37
Declaration of Conformity ........................................................................38
Limited Warranty ............................................................ Inside Back Cover
Thank you for purchasing a
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
product.
Read this manual and all other manuals pertaining to the Spray Star carefully as they have safety, operating,
assembly and maintenance instructions. Failure to do so could result in personal injury or equipment damage.
Keep manuals in a safe place after operator and maintenance personnel have read them. Right and left sides
are from the operator’s seat, facing forward.
All
machines have a Serial Number and Model Number. Both numbers are needed when ordering
parts. The serial number plate on the Spray Star is located on the front left side of the main frame. Refer to
engine manual for placement of engine serial number.
For easy access record your Serial and Model numbers here.
Information needed when ordering replacement parts:
1. Model number of machine.
2. Serial number of machine.
3. Name and part number of part.
4. Quantity of parts.
1
SYMBOLS
Introduction
2
Read
Operator’s
Manual
Electrical
Power
No Electrical
Power
Engine - Stop
Engine - Start
Engine - Run
Engine Oil
Temperature
Light
Water
Temperature
RPM
Gasoline
Diesel
Glow Plug - On
Glow Plug - Off
Glow Plug
Hour Meter
Hour Meter
Hand Throttle
Choke - Closed
Choke - Open
Park Brake
Park Brake
Release
Hydraulic Oil
Level
Fuse
H
R
Introduction
SYMBOLS
Up/Down Arrow
Down/Lower
Up/Raise
No Smoking
Moving Parts
Manual
Operation
Pinch Point
Step
Hot Surface
Hydraulic Fluid
Penetration
Lift Arm
Tractor
Engage
Disengage
PTO
Ground Speed
Fast
Slow
High
Reverse
L
N
Low
Neutral
F
Forward
Warning
Danger
Caution
3
GENERAL SAFE PRACTICES
Introduction
1. It is your responsibility to read this manual and all publications associated with this machine.
2. Never allow anyone to operate or service the machine or its optional equipment without proper training
and instructions. Never allow minors to operate any equipment.
3. Learn the proper use of the machine, the location and purpose of all the controls and gauges before
you operate the equipment. Working with unfamiliar equipment can lead to accidents.
4. Wear all the necessary protective clothing and personal safety devises to protect your head, eyes, ears,
hands and feet. Operate the machine only in daylight or in good artificial light.
5. Inspect the area where the equipment will be used. Pick up all debris you can find before operating.
Beware of overhead obstructions and underground obstacles. Stay alert for hidden hazards.
6. Never operate equipment that is not in perfect working order or without decals, guards, shields, or other
protective devices in place.
7. Never disconnect or bypass any switch.
8. Carbon monoxide in the exhaust fumes can be fatal when inhaled, never operate a machine without
proper ventilation.
9. Fuel is highly flammable, handle with care.
10. Keep engine clean. Allow the engine to cool before storing and always remove the ignition key.
11. Disengage all drives and set park brake before starting the engine.
12. Never use your hands to search for oil leaks. Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate the skin and
cause serious injury.
13. This machine demands your attention. To prevent loss of control or tipping of the vehicle:
A. Use extra caution in backing up the vehicle. Ensure area is clear.
B. Do not stop or start suddenly on any slope.
C. Reduce speed on slopes and in sharp turns. Use caution when changing directions on slopes.
D. Stay alert for holes in the terrain and other hidden hazards.
14. Before leaving operator’s position:
A. Disengage all drives.
B. Set park brake.
C. Shut engine off and remove the ignition key.
D. If engine has to run to perform any maintenance keep hands, feet, clothing and all other parts of
body away from moving parts.
15. Keep hands, feet and clothing away from moving parts. Wait for all movement to stop before you clean,
adjust or service the machine.
16. Keep the area of operation clear of all bystanders.
17. Never carry passengers.
18. Stop engine before making repairs/adjustments or checking/adding oil to the crankcase.
19. Use parts and materials supplied by
only. Do not modify any function or part.
20. Use caution when booms are down as they extend out beyond the center line of the machine approximately 10 ft. (3 m).
21. The tank is a confined space, take precaution.
These machines are intended for professional maintenance on golf courses, sports turf, and any other
area maintained turf and related trails, paths and lots. No guaranty as to the suitability for any task is
expressed or implied.
4
Persons engaged in the handling, preparation or application of chemicals must follow accepted practices to
insure the safety of themselves and others,
1. WEAR protective clothing including: gloves, hat, respirator, eye protection and skin covering suitable for
protection from chemicals being used.
2. BATHE thoroughly after any exposure to chemicals, giving particular attention to eyes, nose, ears and
mouth.
3. CLEAN equipment and materials in accordance with employer, municipal and state regulations. Use
only approved areas and drains.
4. DISPOSE of chemicals and rinse solutions by approved and legal means.
5. PROVIDE methods and materials for operators to wash eyes and hands immediately during the
spraying process.
6. PROVIDE methods and materials for control, safe dilution and neutralization of chemical spills during
preparation, spraying, transporting and cleanup.
7. Always check and follow the directions and safety warnings of the chemicals to be used.
8. Secure the discharge lines before starting the pump. An unsecured discharge line may whip.
9. Periodically inspect the pump and the system components.
10. Check hoses for weak or worn condition before each use. Make certain that all connections are tight
and secure.
11. Do not operate unit with leaks, frayed, kinked hoses or tubing. Repair or replace immediately.
12. Use only pipe, hose and fittings rated for maximum pressure or pressure at which pressure relief valve
is set at. When replacing pipe, hose or fittings, use new product.
13. Do not operate a gasoline engine in an enclosed area. Be sure the area is well ventilated.
14. Do not use these pumps for pumping water or other liquids for human or animal consumption.
15.
Do not pump flammable or explosive fluids such as gasoline, fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
Do not use in explosive atmospheres. The pump should be used only with liquids
compatible with the pump component materials.
16. Be sure all exposed moving parts are guarded and that all coupling devices are securely attached
before applying power.
17. Before servicing, disconnect all power, make sure all pressure in the system is relieved, drain all liquids
from the system and flush.
18. Protect pump from freezing conditions by draining liquid and pumping rust inhibiting antifreeze solution
through the system, coating the pump interior.
5
Introduction
SAFE SPRAYING PRACTICES
SPECIFICATIONS
Introduction
WEIGHTS AND DIMENSIONS
Length
Width
Height
Wheel Base
Weight Empty
112" (285 cm)
61" (155 cm)
50" (127 cm)
60" (152 cm)
1200 lb (544 kg)
SOUND LEVEL AT 3400 RPM
At ear level
At 3 ft. (0.914 m)
At 30 ft (9.14 m)
88 dB
84 dB
72 dB
ENGINE
Make
Model#
Type / Spec#
Horsepower
Fuel
Cooling System
Lubrication System
Alternator
Kohler
Command CH25S
PA-68666
25 hp (18.6 kW)
Unleaded 87 Octane Gasoline Minimum
Air cooled
Full pressure
25 Amp
WHEELS & TIRE
Width With Booms Down 230" (584 cm)
Height With Booms Up
126" (320 cm)
Weight Loaded
2500 lb (1134 kg)
Front (2) 20 x 1000 x 10 Multi-rib 20 psi (1.4 bar)
Rear (2) 24 x 1300 x 12 Super Soft 18 psi (1.3 bar)
Ground Pressure: 8.2 psi with 160 gallons
SPEED
Forward Speed
Reverse Speed
0-10 m.p.h. (0 - 16 kph)
0-3 m.p.h. (0-5 kph)
BATTERY
BCI Group
Cold Cranking Amps
Ground Terminal Polarity
Maximum Length
Maximum Width
Maximum Height
Automotive type 24F-12 volt
Size 24
575 minimum
Negative (-)
10.25" (26 cm)
6.88" (17 cm)
10" (25 cm)
FLUID CAPACITY
Crankcase Oil
Fuel
Hydraulic Fluid
Grade of Fluid
2.1 quart (2 liters) with filter
5 gallon (19 liters)
5 gallon (19 liters)
SAE 10W-40 API Service SJ or higher motor oil
OPTIONAL SPRAY EQUIPMENT
33-216
14-315
14-319
15-571
15-572
15-573
16-856
16-129
16-906
6
Battery 24F-12 Volt
Fresh Water Wash Tank
Hose Reel Mounting Frame
15' Tri-Section Electric Lift Star Shield Boom
15' Dual Section Electric Lift Star Shield Boom
15' Manual Lift Star Shield Boom
Tank Rinsing System
Hose Reel 200' (61 m) capacity (to be used with 14-319)
Hose Reel 12 volt electric rewind 200' (61 m)
capacity (to be used with 14-319)
14-100
10-300
15-493
15-577
14-481
14-483
Super Boom 20' (6 meter) Long
18' Terrain Following Boom
Auto-Boom 18' (5.5 m) Long
18' Manual Lift Boom
440 Spray System (1602HD)
203 Spray System (1604HD)
14-312 Speedometer Kit
14-283 Foam Marker System (Dealer Installed)
14-285 Foam Marker System (Factory Installed)
The Model 1600H Prime Mover arrives from
setup and ready for service. Depending on freight
conditions the tires, wheels and steering wheel may need to be installed.
The spray system is normally shipped attached to the 1600H Prime Mover. If a spray system is to be retrofitted
to a 1600H Prime Mover by a dealer or owner, assemble and attach the components in accordance with the
parts drawings in the Spray Star 1600H Parts/Service Manual.
1. Remove the top and sides from the shipping crate then remove the banding from the Spray Star.
Banding is under tension.
2. Lift front end using a hydraulic jack, taking care that the jack is
not placed in a location that would damage any steering system
components, install front wheels and torque nuts to 64-74 ft/lb
(87-100 Nm). Then raise rear axle using a hydraulic jack and
install rear wheels and tires, torque lug nuts to 64-74 ft/lb (87100 Nm). Torque again after the first 10 hours and every 200
hours thereafter.
3. Set park brake.
4. Check the tire pressure. The front tires are 20 psi (1.4 bar) and
the rear tires are 18 psi (1.3 bar).
5. Remove the tape holding woodruff key (Ref B) to the shaft. Put
steering wheel (Ref A) on the shaft of the steering mechanism
(Ref C). Tighten nut to 30-40 ft/lb (41 - 54 Nm). Do not over
tighten.
6. Install the seat with the stud going through the engine cover
and the flat washers, lock washers and nuts. Use the front set
of holes for shorter drivers and use the back set of holes for
taller drivers.
7. Be sure battery (automotive type 24F-12 volt; 575 cold cranking
AMPS minimum; 10.25" (260 mm) long x 6.88" (175 mm) wide
x 10" (254 mm) high maximum case) is installed in proper
position in the battery box, which is located on the left side of
the engine compartment. Battery posts should be to the rear.
This is a negative grounding system.
Connecting battery cables to the wrong post could
result in personal injury and/or damage to the electrical
system. Make sure battery and cables do not interfere or rub on any moving part. Connect red
positive (+) cable (A) to battery first. When disconnecting remove black negative (-) cable (B)
first.
8. Check the engine oil and add as necessary. The dip stick is located in cutout hole behind the seat on the
left side. Oil fill is located on top of valve cover, use SAE 10W-40 API Service SJ or higher motor oil. DO
NOT OVERFILL.
9. Fill fuel tank, located on right side, with Unleaded 87 Octane gasoline (minimum).
Gasoline is flammable, caution must be used when storing or handling it. Do not fill fuel tank
while engine is running or an enclosed area, fumes are explosive and dangerous to inhale. DO
NOT SMOKE while filling the fuel tank. DO NOT OVERFILL.
7
Introduction
SET UP
SET UP (CONTINUED)
Introduction
10. Check brake fluid in master cylinder by removing round plug on floorboard. Add brake fluid if necessary.
DOT 3.
11. Check hydraulic fluid. The hydraulic oil tank is on the right side. Fluid level should be 2 to 21/2" (5 to
6.04cm) from the top of tank when cold.
12. Machine should be greased before starting, refer to Spray Star 1600H Parts/Service Manual for location.
13. Attach the Spray Boom and any other Optional Equipment to the Prime Mover, in accordance with
instructions in the Spray Star 1600HD Parts/Service Manual. The nozzles must be the correct distance
above the turf as described in Spraying Procedure of this manual. The spray boom must operate properly and the outer sections must break away safely if an object is struck by them, they must then return
to normal operation position.
14. Be sure to double check boom heights, nozzle spacing and displacement before spraying.
15. Fill tank with water and retighten the four bolts used to hold the tank in place.
16. Read operating instructions before starting.
Never allow pump to run dry! The valve on the suction side of the pump (between the pump
and tank) must be fully open whenever the pump is operated.
DAILY CHECKLIST
1. Check park brake adjustment. Adjust as required.
2. Check engine oil level. Add as needed. DO NOT OVERFILL.
3. Tire pressure should be 20 psi (1.4 bar) front and 18 psi (1.3 bar) rear maximum.
4. Inspect electrical system for loose connections or frayed wiring, including battery cables. Replace any
faulty equipment or tighten if loose.
5. Check hardware for loose or missing nuts, bolts, screws, etc., and tighten or replace as needed.
6. Inspect hydraulic lines for damage or leaks. Never use hands to inspect leaks.
7. Check brake fluid in master cylinder by removing round plug on floorboard. Add DOT 3 brake fluid if
necessary.
8. Check hydraulic fluid. The hydraulic power unit is located between the engine and the spray tank on the
left side. Remove breather plug and add SAE 10W-40 API Service SJ or higher motor oil if necessary.
Fluid level should be 2 to 21/2" (5 to 6.04cm) from the top of tank when cold.
9. Inspect steering, throttle and shift linkages for good hookups and clear travel.
10. Check anti-vibration mounts on engine frame.
11. Check controls for smooth, proper working operation. Lubricate as needed.
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
Adjustment lever is located under the front of the seat on the right side. It allows the seat to be adjusted forward or backwards for the operator’s comfort. For further adjustment unbolt seat from seat panel, move to other set of holes and rebolt.
STEERING
Hydraulic steering. Before operating acquaint yourself with the steering.
Avoid sharp turns at high speeds, on slopes or unsafe terrain.
8
Introduction
CONTROLS & INSTRUMENTS
A.
Oil Light: The oil light should come on when the ignition is on, without the engine running and should go out
when the engine is running. The oil light will light when the oil pressure is low. If it does come on, shut off the
engine and find the cause immediately.
B.
Circuit Breaker: The circuit breaker is a resetable fuse. To reset push down.
C.
Hour/Volt Meter: The hour meter indicates the hours of machine operation. The hour meter operates when the
ignition switch is on. The volt meter indicates battery voltage. When starting, the battery voltage should not drop
below 9 volts. With key on, engine running, the voltage should be 12 volts. With engine running at 3600 rpm the
voltage should read about 14 volts.
D.
Speedometer (optional): The speedometer indicates ground speed of vehicle in miles per hour and kilometer
per hour.
E.
Ignition Switch: The ignition switch has three positions: Off-Run-Start.
F.
High Speed Light: When green light is on it indicates machine is in high gear.
G.
Tilt Steering: Hold lever down and adjust steering wheel to desired position.
H.
Low Speed Light: When green light is on it indicates machine is in low gear.
K. Accelerator Pedal: Located on the right side of floor board. This pedal controls ground speed. Press pedal to
increase engine RPM, varying the amount of movement of the pedal will vary the ground speed.
L.
Reverse Pedal: Located on the outside right floorboard. This pedal controls ground speed in the reverse
direction.
M. Master Boom Switch: The master boom switch
is located on the left floorboard is used to
override the master switch on the computer
console of the spray systems. By pushing down
it will turn on/off the booms. For 844 Systems the
Master Switch on the computer must be on for
the master boom control switch to work. For the
440 System the Master Switch on the computer
must be off for the master boom control switch
to work.
N.
Speed Switch: Come to a complete stop, press to change gears. Lights on dashboard indicate which gear
the machine is running in.
When accelerator pedal and reverse pedal are released the hydrostatic transmission centers and stops
the vehicle with a braking action.
9
CONTROLS & INSTRUMENTS (CONTINUED)
Introduction
CONTROL PANEL
Located on right side of seat. The following are located on or near the
control panel.
A. Choke: The choke is used in starting the engine. Pull choke
out to close choke plate when starting cold engine, push in
when engine starts. A warm engine may not require "choking"
to start.
B. Hand Throttle: This hand throttle is used for hose/handgun
spraying, boom spraying and sprayer calibration. It controls
engine RPM, forward for fast, opposite direction for slow. (Not
to be used when in motion)..
C. Spray Boss Control: Engages and disengages speed boss.
Forward is engage and all the way back is disengage. When
the lever is engaged it sets a stop for the accelerator. The
accelerator pedal must be used to maintain this speed. To
adjust speed use the knob on the end of the lever, counter
clockwise increases speed and clockwise decreases speed.
Disengage the lever and you will have full accelerator pedal
range.
D. Right and Left Boom Switches: These toggle switches are
used to raise and lower the right and left electric actuated booms.
E. Boom Levers: (Hydraulic Lift Kit)
F. Park Brake: Push to the front and down to set park brake and pull back to
release. Some adjustments can be made to park brake by turning knob on
the of the lever. To tighten, turn knob clockwise. To loosen turn counter
clockwise.
FOAM MARKER CONTROLS
Foamer ON/OFF Switch: Located to the right of the control panel.
Used to turn on and off the foam marker. Also, used to designate
which boom is to be used to dispense foam. With lever pointing
toward the seat foam will dispense from right boom, and with lever
pointing forward foam will dispense from the left boom.
Foamer Adjustment Knob(G): Located behind the seat on the
right side on top of the foamer. Use this knob to adjust pressure of
the foam that will be dispensed.
ELECTRONIC SPRAY CONTROL SYSTEM
Pressure must be set with sprayer in operation (booms on). Increase pressure by pushing the pressure adjustment handle upwards. Once the console
reaches maximum pressure, the motorized control valve in the sprayer then
begins to open and pressure begins to decrease. Push switch in either direction until desired pressure is reached. The system provides operation of one,
two or three booms and it controls sprayer pressure indicated by a wet pressure gauge on the vehicle. The pressure gauge reads the pressure in psi.
The control system is operated by the 12 volt electrical system of the vehicle.
The master switch controls all boom switches. Boom switch #1 controls left
boom, boom switch #2 controls center boom, and boom switch #3 controls
right boom. Pressure switch increases or decreases spraying pressure
through the motorized control valve.
10
Before operating the Spray Star 1600H, become familiar with all controls and functions. Also complete all maintenance requirements and read all safety warnings. Knowing the Spray Star 1600H thoroughly, how it operates,
and by doing the prescribed maintenance steps, you can expect trouble free operation for years to come.
SAFETY
Safety needs to always be the concern of an operator of a moving vehicle or any machine with moving parts.
1. Keep all shields and guards in place.
2. Keep the parking brake engaged any time the operator is away from the vehicle or whenever service is
performed.
3. Always wear the necessary protective clothing and equipment.
4. Turn engine off when refueling or performing maintenance not specifically requiring engine power.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Make sure the fuel flow valve is ‘On’. It is located on the fuel tank.
2. Make sure the spray pump is disengaged.
3. Depress the clutch pedal to activate the interlock switch.
4. Place shift lever in neutral.
5. The ignition switch is located to the right of the steering column. Insert the key (A) and turn clockwise until the engine starts (C). Release the key and it will return to the run position (B). Use the choke
and hand throttle as necessary.
6. Allow engine to idle and warm up before selecting direction of travel.
7. Make sure the park brake is disengaged.
STOPPING THE ENGINE
If the engine has been running under high power, let it run at slow idle speed a few minutes to
cool the engine down, before turning the ignition switch to the OFF position.
1. Disengage spray pump.
2. Move the throttle lever to “slow” and turn ignition key to the “off” position.
3. Remove the ignition key and engage the park brake.
Never leave the vehicle unattended with the engine running. Always bring the vehicle to a
complete stop, engage park brake, turn key off and remove key.
It is recommended that you run the machine at idle speed for 510 minutes prior to operating. This allows the oil to warm up
which allows easier steering.
11
Introduction
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS (CONTINUED)
Introduction
Before using the Spray Star, the operator or spray technician must familiarize themselves with all of the information on chemical spraying contained in Spraying Procedure of this manual.
All testing and calibration of sprayers is to be done with water, not chemicals. This insures the
safety to all involved in performing the calibration operation. Only after all calibration procedures are completed should chemical be added to the sprayer.
GROUND SPEED CONTROL
1. Select the gear to be used.
2. Place the Ground Speed Control lever to fast.
3. Push the foot accelerator fully to the floor.
4. While the foot accelerator is fully depressed, begin moving the Ground Speed Control lever towards slow
until the correct operating speed is attained.
5. The desired speed will be maintained as long as the foot accelerator is fully depressed.
6. Vehicle will return to the established ground speed whenever the foot accelerator is fully depressed
unless the Ground Speed Control lever has been moved to a different setting.
7. To operate the Spray Star at higher speed for transport, the Ground Speed Control lever should be
returned to the fast position.
HAND THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER
Park brake must be set when engine throttle control is used.
To increase the engine speed without holding your foot pedal down, use the engine throttle control lever on the
right hand control panel. Push the lever forward until the desired rpm is attained.
This procedure will set the RPM allowing the operator to use the remote hose and handgun. It will also permit
the operator to check the operation of the spray boom by observing it from the rear of the vehicle.
To release throttle control, pull back on the Lever allowing the engine to return to idle.
HILLSIDE OPERATION
Do NOT stop or start suddenly on any slope. Be especially cautious when changing direction. Do NOT operate
vehicle on slopes greater than 20°.
TOWING UNIT
When it is necessary to move the Spray Star 1600H without the engine running, the bypass valve built into
hydrostatic pump must be "open" by turning it counterclockwise. The valve is located on the bottom of the
pump. An "open" valve allows fluid to pass through the wheels freely. When normal driven operation is desired,
valve should be "closed" by turning it clockwise. Failure to "close" the valve with engine running means no
power to wheels.
12
SPRAYER VALVE SETTINGS AND SPRAY TANK AGITATION
The gate valve on the suction side of the pump, between the tank and the pump must be open before pump is
engaged. Close this valve only when necessary to clean the filter with spray material in the spray tank.
There is one manual flow control valves on the discharge side of the spray system. This valve controls the
agitator. This valve may be opened as much as necessary to provide hydraulic agitation through the quadrajet
agitator in the tank bottom. This valve may be partially closed to prevent or reduce foam buildup from the spray
materials inside the tank. When the liquid level in the spray tank reaches a certain level (usually 1-25 gallons
(3.8-95 Liters) depending on terrain and other conditions) it may be necessary to close the valve in the agitator
line in order to prevent loss of suction prime.
If your Spray Star is fitted with a hose reel, there is a second ball valve on the discharge system to supply material to the hose reel.
The Quadrajet agitation system operates with four venturi jets in the tank bottom. These jets have replaceable
orifice discs which discharge the following amounts of spay material.
Nozzle
Diameter
1
/8 "
/8 "
1
/8 "
5
/32"
5
/32"
5
/32"
3
/16"
3
/16"
3
/16"
1
Input to
Agitator
in gpm
Input to
Agitator
in L/min
1.9
2.7
3.8
2.8
4.2
5.5
3.6
5.6
7.9
7.2
10.2
14.4
10.6
15.9
20.8
13.6
21.2
29.9
Agitator Agitator
Pressure Pressure
in psi
in bar
25
50
100
25
50
100
25
50
100
1.7
3.4
6.9
1.7
3.4
6.9
1.7
33.4
6.9
Agitator
Output
in gpm
Agitator
Output
in L/min
6.3
10.0
15.0
7.6
12.2
17.5
9.1
14.3
18.7
23.8
37.9
56.8
28.8
46.2
66.2
34.4
54.1
70.8
You can change orifice disc sizes to enhance spray system performance. Smaller discs reduce amount of agitation (desirable in some foaming materials) and make more dischargeable liquid available for nozzles. Larger
(or none) discs increase amount of agitation and make less dischargeable liquid available for nozzles.
13
Introduction
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS (CONTINUED)
CONSOLE FEATURES
This Console (PGM F) requires selection of US (acres); SI (hectares) or TU (1,000 sq ft) area
and SP1 (wheel drive, etc).
A. POWER - Turns Console power OFF or ON. Turning Console OFF does not affect the data stored in
the computer.
B. Select manual or fully automatic control. This can automatically control two rates.
C. Manual override control provides capability for spot spraying.
Operation
D. Booms can be controlled individually, or all at once with MASTER ON/OFF Switch
E. Displays operating rate of application and flashing Tip Fault.
F. Displays function and calibration data.
G. CE - Use like you do CE (clear entry) key on a calculator. This key is also used to select an area
base measurement of US (acres), SI (Hectares) or TU (1,000 sq ft).
H. ENTER - Used only to enter the data into the Console.
Calibration Keys: (Top Row) Used to enter
data into console to calibrate the system.
Function Keys: (Bottom Row) Used to display data.
BOOM 1 CAL
BOOM 2 CAL
BOOM 3 CAL
SPEED CAL
METER CAL
VALVE CAL
RATE 1 CAL
RATE 2 CAL
SELF TEST
TOTAL AREA
FIELD AREA
FIELD VOLUME
DISTANCE
SPEED
VOLUME/TANK
TIME
TIP MONITOR
14
Length of Boom 1
Length of Boom 2
Length of Boom 3
Measured Off Drive Line (114)
Flow Meter Calibration Number
Control Valve Response Time
Target Application Rate
Target Application Rate
Simulates Vehicle Speed
Total Area Sprayed
Field Area Sprayed
Volume Applied to Field
Distance Traveled
Speed of Vehicle
Volume Remaining in Carrier Tank
24 hour clock (military time)
Use to Display Tip Faults
CONSOLE PROGRAMMING
Operation
When entering data into the Console computer, the entry sequence is always the same. Data must be entered
into the first eight keys.
1. Depress the key which you wish to enter data.
2. Depress the “Enter” key. An “E” will illuminate
in the DATA display.
3. Depress the keys corresponding to the
number you wish to enter (i.e. “5”, “7”, “2”).
4. Complete the entry by again depressing the
“ENTER” key. The numbers will be displayed
in the DATA display as they are entered.
CONSOLE CALIBRATION
CALCULATING “BOOM CAL” (BOOM 1, BOOM 2, BOOM 3)
Calculate the width of each boom in inches (centimeters) by multiplying the number of tips times the spacing.
Write these boom widths down for future reference when programming the Console computer. The Console is
capable of controlling up to three (3) booms.
CALCULATING “SPEED CAL"
1. Enter Speed Cal in key
of 612.
2. Place Master and Boom 1 switches to on.
3. Enter “0” in key
.
4. Drive 1 mile. Do not use vehicle odometer to determine distance, use section lines or highway markers.
5. It should read a value of approximately 5280. If it reads between 5200-5350, the Speed Cal for this
vehicle is 612.
If the Distance display reads any other value, divide Speed Cal by the value observed in Distance, then
multiply by 5280. This will give you the correct value to enter for Speed Cal. You must round off to the
nearest 3 digit number (use 120 not 120.3).
15
CONSOLE CALIBRATION (CONTINUED)
6. Recheck the new Speed Cal numbers. Zero out Distance display as in step 3. Enter the new Speed Cal
number as in step 1. Repeat steps 4 and 5.
MEASURE CAREFULLY. Be sure tire is properly inflated before measuring. Measure tire in type
of soil in which you will be spraying. Circumference of tire will vary when measured in soft soil
versus hard packed soil. For best results, measure several times and average the results. Remeasure periodically.
Operation
CALCULATING “METER CAL”
The Flow Meter calibration number is stamped on the label attached to each Flow Meter; this number is to be
used for gallon per area applications. To convert original METER CAL from gallons to desired units of measure
(oz., lbs or liters per area) see Abbreviations and Conversions section of this manual. Write down this calibration number for future reference when programming the console.
CALCULATING "VALVE CAL”
The initial Control Valve calibration number is 2123. After operating the system, you may desire to refine this
number. See definitions below.
Valve Backlash Controls the time of the first correction pulse after a change in correction direction is detected.
Incr to Decr or Decr to Incr Range: 1 to 9, 1-Short Pulse, 9-Long Pulse
Valve Speed Digit Controls the Speed of the Control Valve motor.
Running the Control Valve too fast will cause the system to oscillate.
Range: 1 to 9, 1-slow, 9-Fast
Brake Point Digit Percent Sets the point at which the Control Valve motor begins braking, so as not to over
shoot the desired rate. Digit is percent away from target rate. Range: 0 to 9, 0=5%, 1=10%, 9=90%,
Deadband Digit Allowable difference between target and actual application rate, where rate correction is not
performed. Range: 1 to 9, 1 = 1%, 9 = 9%
CALCULATING "RATE 1 AND RATE 2 CAL" (See Spraying Procedure section)
Determine the application rate at which your chemical should be sprayed. Consult with your Dealer to insure
your spray nozzles are capable of applying at this target rate.
Using CAPACITY = .35 GPM (1.67 lit/min) and pressure = 30 PSI (20 bar) you would select tip number
XR8004 from the Nozzle Charts Section, since it comes closest to providing the desired output.
VERIFYING FLOW RATE LIMITS
The flow rate of the sprayer must be within the range of 1 to 55 GPM (4 to 210 lit/min).
16
INITIAL PROGRAMMING OF CONSOLE COMPUTER
When you first turn on Console power, after all installation procedures have been completed, the Console will
flash “CAL” in the RATE display and “US” in the DATA display. This means you must “calibrate” or program the
Console before it can be operated.
(This is a one time operation which does not have to be repeated unless you disconnect your battery wires.
Turning OFF the POWER ON/OFF switch does not affect the Console memory. All data is retained). The following steps must now be followed.
for
Operation
If an entry selection error is made during steps 1, 2, 3, or 4, the Console can be reset by depressing
20 seconds (Data displays US and RATE displays CAL.).
1. Displaying US, SI or TU
a. Depressing momentarily
Steps the DATA display from US (acres) to SI.
b. Depressing momentarily
Steps the DATA display from SI (Hectares) to TU.
c. Depressing momentarily
Steps the DATA display from TU (1000 sq ft) to US.
2. Selecting US, SI or TU
a. To select US, SI, or TU, step
b. Momentarily depress
until the desired code is displayed in DATA display.
the DATA display will now display SP1.
3. Displaying SP1 or SP2
a. Depressing momentarily
steps the DATA display from SP1 (wheel drives, etc.) to SP2.
b. Depressing momentarily
steps the DATA display from SP2 (radar sensor) to SP1.
4. Selecting SP1 OR SP2
a. To select SP1 or SP2, step with
b. Momentarily depress
until desired code is displayed in DATA display.
the DATA display will now display 0.
5. Enter width in inches (cm) of BOOM 1 in the key labeled:
6. Enter width in inches (cm) of BOOM 2 in the key labeled:
If there is only one boom, enter "0" for
width of BOOM 2.
7. Enter width in inches (cm) of BOOM 3 in the key labeled:
If there is only one or two boom, enter
“0” for width of BOOM 3.
17
INITIAL PROGRAMMING OF CONSOLE COMPUTER (CONTINUED)
8. Enter SPEED CAL of 612 in key labeled:
9. Enter METER CAL calibration number in key labeled:
10. Enter VALVE CAL calibration number (2123) in key labeled:
Operation
11. Enter the target RATE 1 (GPA) (lit/ha) (GPK) you want to spray in the key labeled:
12. Enter the target RATE 2 (GPA) (lit/ha) (GPK) you want to spray in the key labeled:
(If you do not
use a second rate, enter same rate as RATE 1 CAL). RATE 2 should not be more than 20% different
from RATE 1 or else spray pattern may suffer.
YOU HAVE NOW COMPLETED PROGRAMMING THE CONSOLE.
The flashing “CAL” will now extinguish. If not, repeat procedure starting at step 5. You may also wish to enter
data in the keys labeled:
and
although it is not required for the operation of the system.
13. Enter the estimated total Volume-in-Tank when you start spraying in key labeled:
Each time the
tank is refilled, this number must be reentered.
14. Enter the TIME of day in the key labeled:
. This is a 24 hour clock. Therefore, all time after 12:59
pm, add 12 hours. Thus, 8:30 am is entered as 8:30, but 1:30 pm is entered as 13:30 in the keyboard.
OTHER DISPLAY FEATURES
1. To display TOTAL AREA covered, momentarily depress key labeled:
To “zero out” this total, at any
time, enter a “0” in this key.
2. To display TOTAL VOLUME sprayed, momentarily depress key labeled:
To “zero out” this total, at
any time, enter a “0” in this key.
3. To display FIELD AREA covered, momentarily depress key labeled:
To “zero out” this total, at any
time, enter a “0” in this key.
4. To display FIELD VOLUME sprayed, momentarily depress key labeled:
To “zero out” this total, at
any time enter a “0” in this key.
5. To display DISTANCE (feet (meters) traveled) momentarily depress key labeled:
total, at any time, enter a “0” in this key.
18
To “zero out” this
INITIAL PROGRAMMING OF CONSOLE COMPUTER
(CONTINUED)
6. To display SPEED, momentarily depress the key labeled:
7. To display VOL/MIN., momentarily depress the key labeled:
This is an actual calculation of AREA/
HOUR at the present speed you are going. It is not an average over time.
9. To display TIP MONITOR fault, momentarily depress the key labeled:
See TIP MONITOR manual
for more detailed discussion. (Purchase the TIP MONITOR option if this function is desired.)
10. To display US, SI or TU and SPI or SP2 after being selected depress:
These selections will be
alternately displayed.
SELF TEST FEATURE
SELF-TEST allows speed simulation for testing the system while the vehicle is not moving. Enter the simulated
operating speed in the key labeled:
If 6 MPH (10 km/h) is desired, enter 6.0 (10.0). Verify speed by de-
pressing key labeled: SPEED
The SELF-TEST speed will clear itself when motion of vehicle is detected by the Speed Sensor. A SPEED CAL
Value of 900 (230) or greater is recommended when operating in this mode.
SEQUENCE TO ACTIVATE DATA-LOCK*
1. Depress
for 5 seconds, NEW CODE message will appear.
2. Enter 4 digit code within 15 seconds.
EXAMPLE: For 1085, depress
and
SEQUENCE TO CHANGE DATA-LOCK
1. Depress
for 5 seconds, OLD CODE message will appear.
2. Enter 4 digit OLD CODE within 15 seconds.
EXAMPLE: depress
and
NEW CODE message will appear. Enter 4 digit code within 15 seconds.
EXAMPLE: For 1285, depress
and
19
Operation
8. To display AREA/HOUR, momentarily depress key labeled:
INITIAL PROGRAMMING OF CONSOLE COMPUTER (CONTINUED)
ENTER MODE SEQUENCE WITH ACTIVATED DATA-LOCK
1. Depress the key into which you wish to enter data.
CODE message will appear. Enter your DATA-LOCK CODE. If code is correct, “E” will
2. Depress
appear. Now enter data normally.
The DATA-LOCK feature prohibits the entry of data without first entering the DATA-LOCK CODE. The DATALOCK CODE may be cleared by entering a code of “0” or by removing Console power.
Operation
POWER DOWN DELAY TIME FEATURE
If the console is not used for 10 days, it will go into a power down (low power) mode of operation. In this mode,
all data will be retained, but the time of day clock will reset to 1:00. The delay time is initially set at 10 days, but
can be changed by the user.
1. DISPLAYING DELAY TIME. Depress
for 5 seconds, the current delay time (in days) will appear.
2. CHANGING DELAY TIME.
a. Depress
FOR 5 seconds, the current delay time will appear.
b. Enter new delay time (0 to 200 days) using the same procedure as that for entering other data.
In the event of console power loss, the power down delay time will default to 10 days.
CONSOLE ALARM FEATURE
Console alarm sounds if application rate is 30% or more away from target application rate for 5 seconds.
ALARM MENU
Depress
for 5 seconds until DATA display shows “A on”. Depressing momentarily
key steps the
DATA display between “A on” and “AoFF”. “A on” means alarm is enabled, “AoFF” means alarm is disabled.
DISPLAY MENU
Depress
for 7 seconds until DATA display shows "d on”. Depress momentarily
key steps the DATA
display between “d on” and “doFF”. “d on” means RATE displays target rate when actual rate is within a percentage of target rate. This percentage is determined by third digit of Valve CAL value as shown.
Brake point digit
(3rd digit) of Valve CAL 2 1 2 3
0 = 1% + Deadband
4 = 20% + Deadband
8 = 40% + Deadband
1 = 3% + Deadband
5 = 25% + Deadband
9 = 45% + Deadband
2 = 7% + Deadband
6 = 30% + Deadband
3 = 10% + Deadband
7 = 35% + Deadband
Actual rate is displayed if unit does not reach deadband with in 10 seconds. “doFF” means RATE displays actual rate at all times.
20
INITIAL PROGRAMMING OF CONSOLE COMPUTER (CONTINUED)
LOW LIMIT FLOW SET POINT AND LOW LIMIT ALARM
Depress
until DATA display flashes. A low limit flow rate may now be entered.
CONTROL VALVE DELAY
Depress
until DATA display flashes. The first digit (XOOO), is the Control Valve delay digit. This feature
allows the user to set a delay between the time the Booms are turned on and when the Console begins to control the flow rate. A value of 1-9 means a delay of 1-9 seconds test respectively. A value of 0 means no delay.
This delay is active if the time between turning off and turning on the Booms is less than 30 seconds.
INITIAL CONSOLE SETUP
1. Fill tank with water only. (If positive displacement type pump is used, fully open pressure relief valve,
PRV.) Open gate valve between the tank and pump.
2. Place MASTER On/Off to On and Boom On/Off switches to Off.
3. Place MAN/RATE 1/RATE 2 switch to MAN.
4. Place POWER On/Off switch to On.
5. Verify correct boom widths, speed calibration, meter calibration, valve calibration (2123), RATE 1 calibration and RATE 2 calibration have been entered in console. Enter into SELF TEST the normal sprayer
operating speed.
6. Run pump at normal operating RPM.
7. Verify that each boom solenoid valve operates and that no nozzles are plugged by operating Boom On/
Off switches.
8. Place all Boom On/Off switches to On.
9. Hold the MAN ADJ switch in INCR position for approximately 12 seconds. This assures motorized control
valve is fully open. Verify maximum pressure and RATE.
10. Adjust agitator line hand valve for desired agitation. Use the pressure gage on the rear of the machine to
verify maximum pressure is still present.
11. Hold the MAN ADJ switch in DECR position for approximately 12 seconds. This assures motorized
control valve is fully closed. Verify minimum pressure and RATE can be achieved. If not, consider bypass
plumbing system in Appendix 3.
21
Operation
If actual volume Per minute falls below this limit, the Control Valve stops closing, the Alarm sounds and the rate
display flashes “LL”. The low limit value should be determined with all Booms “on”. This value is automatically
proportional to the percentage of Booms that are “on”. (i.e. If the entered low limit is 4 CAL/ MIN and half the
Total Boom length is shut off, the Console automatically reduces the low limit to 2 GAL/MIN)
CONSOLE FIELD TEST
1. Drive down field or road at target speed with sprayer booms off, to verify SPEED readout on Console.
2. Turn on sprayer and booms and place the RATE 1/RATE 2/MAN switch to RATE 1. Increase or decrease
speed by one MPH (2 kph). The system should automatically correct to the target application rate.
3. If for any reason, the system is unable to correct to the desired RATE, check for an empty tank, a
plugged line, a malfunctioning pump, improper vehicle speed or a defect in the system.
4. If the system does not appear to be correcting properly, first review Initial Console Setup, then refer to
Troubleshooting in the Parts/Service Manual.
Operation
5. At the end of each row, shut off flow with the Master On/Off switch. This also shuts off area totalizer.
6. Verify area covered and volume used.
SPRAY OPERATION (AFTER PROPER SETUP AND CALIBRATION)
1. Add 1/2 the amount of water required for the spray operation to tank using air gap filler.
2. Start engine, set engine speed below 2000 RPM, and engage pump after taking all previously described
safety and operation precautions.
3. Open agitator valve.
4. Add chemicals (taking all precautions described in this manual and by the chemical manufacturer).
a. Liquids may be poured directly into tank.
b. Wettable powder chemicals must be pre-mixed with water in a container to form a slurry. The mixture
is then added to the tank through the fillwell strainer.
c. Chemical in soluble packs are place into the fillwell strainer basket and dissolved by adding water
through the basket.
The balance of the water required for the spray operation is added to the tank through the fillwell strainer,
using the air gap filler. This will wash any undissolved chemical into the tank.
5. Transport to sprayer site with and agitator operating.
6. Set Engine speed between 2000-3600 RPM.
7. (Optional) Engage ground speed control.
8. Obtain desired spraying speed before activating spray with switches on spray control console.
In some extreme situations, it may be necessary to decrease or completely close the flow of material to the agitator system in order to maintain desired pressure. If agitation is absolutely essential, a change may have to be made
in some combination of ground speed, nozzle size or system pressure to maintain the necessary application rate.
Review the capacity of nozzles being used. Total capacity of all nozzles plus agitation system
must not exceed pumping system capabilities refer to Spraying Procedure section of this
manual. FLUSH PUMP AFTER USE
Engine
RPM
2300
2750
3200
Pump
Pressure
Shaft GPM at GPM at GPM at GPM at
RPM
20psi 30psi 40psi 60psi
3200
70
55
5
3800
75
71
60
10
4400
80
78
72
60
Max
HP
1.4
1.8
3.0
Pump RPM = Engine RPM x 1.38
One of the most common causes for faulty-pump performance is corrosion inside the pump. Flush pump and
entire system with a solution that will chemically neutralize the liquid pumped. Mix according to the
manufacturer’s directions. This will dissolve most residue remaining in the pump, leaving the inside of the
pump clean for the next use.
22
SPRAY OPERATION (CONTINUED)
TO PREVENT CORROSION
After cleaning the pump as directed, flush it with a permanent type automobile antifreeze (Prestone, Zerex,
etc.) containing a rust inhibitor. Use a 50% solution that is, half antifreeze and half water. Then coat the interior
of the pump with a substance which will prevent corrosion such as Fluid Film or WD40. If unit will not be used
for an extended period of time, disconnect hoses into and out of the pump, seal openings to the pump with
caps or tape. Dispose of fluids according to all federal, state and local regulations.
Operation
All chemicals and chemical residue must be removed after each use. Dispose of fluids and
residue according to all federal, state and local regulations.
SPRAYER CLEANING
Empty tank and clean unit thoroughly after each use following these instructions:
1. Remove coupling and rinse inside of tank thoroughly with clean water, replace coupling.
2. Fill tank ten percent full with clean water, start pump and discharge water through spray hose or spray
boom (with nozzles removed), until empty.
3. Remove drain coupling again and rinse tank interior thoroughly.
4. Rinse exterior of sprayer thoroughly with clean water.
5. Remove bowl from sprayer filter (on operators right hand side of the spray tank). Remove stainless steel
screen. Wash bowl and screen thoroughly. Apply thin layer of petroleum jelly to O-ring or gasket. Replace
screen and bowl, taking care to position o-ring or gasket properly. Hand tighten.
6. Remove and clean Flow Meter turbine and inlet hub. Clean off all metal filings and wettable powders
which have hardened on the plastic and metal parts. Check the inlet hub and turbine assembly for worn
or damaged turbine blades and bearings. Flush Flow Meter with clear water and drain.
MANUAL HOSE REEL
Located at the back of the Spray Star behind the tank. Open the ball valve located on the left side of the manifold ball valve to allow fluid to flow into the hose reel. Place the lockout pin in the unlocked position by pulling
and turning it half a turn, this will allow you to pull out additional hose or to use the handle and wind up the
hose. To prevent movement during transport or storage place the lockout pin in the locked position.
ELECTRIC HOSE REEL
Located at the back of the Spray Star behind the tank. Open the ball valve located on the left side of the manifold ball valve to allow fluid to flow into the hose reel. To unwind hose just pull on the hose to get the desired
amount. To wind up the hose make sure the toggle switch is in the ON position, push the momentary push
button switch until you have reeled in the amount of hose desire. Turn off the safety switch when not in use.
23
SPRAYING INTRODUCTION
This section is intended to offer practical guidelines for the distribution of liquid chemicals over an area of turf
grass such as golf courses, park land, school grounds and lawns. SMITHCO makes no representation as to
the suitability of any technique or product for any particular situation. This section is suitable for self-propelled
spray vehicles or sprayers mounted onto vehicles.
Boom Spraying is the most effective, accurate and efficient method of applying chemicals to large turf areas. It
may be done by means of:
• A dedicated spray vehicle
• A sprayer mounted upon a utility vehicle
Sprayers are typically equipped with wide spray booms. Generally these booms are between 15 feet (4.5 m)
and 20 feet (6 m) in width. They are divided into three sections, with hinges that permit the long outer sections
to automatically move out of the way and reset if an obstacle such as a tree or fence is in you path.
To minimize the chance for missed areas or double application use a device to mark the outside boundaries of
each spray swath. Foam markers and dye markers are advisable.
TURF MANAGEMENT
Turf management chemicals are made for four general purposes:
1. Fungicides: Prevent or cure fungus on turf grass. They are made in 2 general types:
• Systemic - Chemicals enter the plant system and protect or cure it of, fungus.
• Contact - Kills fungus with which it comes into contact.
2. Insecticides: Eliminate damaging insects and worms (such as grubs, beetles, ants, etc.)
3. Herbicides: Control and eliminate undesirable weeds and grass from turf areas and non-turf areas such
as bunkers, trails, fences, etc.
4. Nutrients & Fertilizer: Promote growth, beauty and color in turf grass.
Some materials have to be applied so that they get into the soil below the plant leaves, This is called “soil application”. In order to do this, they are best applied with a large volume of water. They are often then watered-in
using the irrigation system. This type of chemical material includes systemic chemicals and chemicals designed to destroy pests which live in the thatch and the soil.
Other materials must be applied to reach a problem that is present on the plant leaves. This is called “Foliar
Application” and requires a lower volume of water. Instead of irrigation water, these materials are further activated by dry air and sunshine. They include contact fungicide and many herbicides.
The user of sprayers and chemicals must follow the directions provided with the spray material. It is the only
way to insure safe and effective results. It provides information on how much chemical and how much water is
to be applied to the area to be sprayed.
Though there are many types and sizes of nozzles, two specific types have proven most successful in turf
grass management.
• The first type is target-directed. It sprays material in a direct line downwards to the target turf grass.
These are flat fan nozzles, commonly referred to as TeeJet nozzles. They are available in a wide variety
of sizes for any required discharge volume rate. They are the best for many contact or foliar applied
pesticides. They are spaced either 10" (25 m) or 20" (51 cm) apart and overlap one another by about 1/3.
• The second type useful in turf management are broadcast type nozzles. They are commonly referred to
as raindrop or floodjet nozzles. They spray a hollow-cone shaped pattern of much larger droplets which
fall quickly to the turf under their own weight. They are best for systemic pesticides or any material
requiring a large volume of water for soil application. The larger droplets are not as subject to drift from
wind and are a safer, more environmentally friendly choice in many situations.
24
HOSE & HANDGUN SPRAYING
A handgun (hand-nozzle or hand-lance) is used to control and direct the spray pattern to the ground, shrub or
tree. They must be constructed of long lasting and noncorrosive materials such as brass, stainless or aluminum. The handgun fits to a hose of any length from the sprayer allowing operator mobility. The hose should be
as short as possible while still permitting operator mobility.
Liquid looses pressure due to friction as it travels through the hose, 1-3 psi (0.07-0.21 bar) for each foot (30
cm) of hose. For most operations 1/2" (1.25 cm) inside diameter hose is adequate. Trees over 40 ft (12 m) high
require 3/4" (2 cm) inside diameter hose and a sprayer pump capable of delivering a volume of at least 20 gpm
(75 lpm) and a pressure of at least 400 psi (28 bar).
NOZZLES
Always be alert to the possibility of a plugged or damaged nozzles. Serious misapplications may result. Check
nozzle output periodically.
Modern nozzles use spring and diaphragm check valves to insure positive cutoff of chemicals without drip.
Snap-on caps make replacing and cleaning nozzles, quick, easy and fool proof with proper reinstallation.
An operator can see at a glance if all nozzles are the same size by the color code.
As pressure increases, the flow volume in a given nozzle also increases. For example, an average size
nozzle which discharges 0.52 gpm (1.4 lpm) at 30 psi (2 bar), will discharge 0.73 gpm (2 lpm) at 60 psi (4
bar). In this example, an increase in pressure of 100% has caused an increase in discharge of 40%.
Some nozzles deliver a small volume (for example: 0.2 gpm (0.75 lpm)). Some nozzles deliver a relatively large volume (for example: 1.5 gpm (5.7 lpm)), or 71/2 times as much as the smaller nozzle in this
example.
The amount of material (volume) to be applied is determined by the effect the chemical has on the turf.
2. The nozzle on a sprayer is to form the liquid into droplets. The size of the droplet is determined by two
factors design and system pressure (psi/bar).
Particular applications are done best by big droplets such as systemic fungicides, insecticides and some
herbicides in order to reduce drift. Other applications require small droplets like contact fungicides and
some herbicides. Again, this is determined by whether the chemical is foliar applied or soil applied. Large
droplets for soil applied material, small droplets for foliar applied materials that evenly cover the plant
better.
Pressure also affects droplet size. More pressure at the same nozzle produces smaller droplets, more
subject to drift. The general rule on pressure is to use the lowest pressure possible with just enough to
form adequate spray nozzle patterns.
25
Spraying Procedures
3 FUNCTIONS FOR A SPRAY BOOM NOZZLE
1. Regulating the flow is done through size of the orifice (opening) within the nozzle. All nozzles, regardless
of type, have some point within them that regulates the flow of liquid. Obviously, the larger the opening
the greater the rate of flow volume. Volume is expressed in Gallons Per Minute (gpm) or Liters Per
Minute (lpm). Do not confuse the term volume with application rate, which will be covered later.
NOZZLES (CONTINUED)
3. Disperse the material in a specific pattern that will
insure even distribution of chemical across the
swath covered by the boom.
As shown (to the right) the pattern formed by flat
fan (TeeJet) nozzles would show most liquid
concentrated at the center, then tapering off where
it begins to overlap with the next nozzle-approximately 1/3. The pattern of liquid dispersed by the
hollow-cone is more even across its width. Each
nozzle overlaps the adjoining nozzle by 100%.
That is to say the area covered by each nozzle extends to the center of the two nozzles on either side.
In order to properly develop their spray pattern, each nozzle must be the proper distance from the next
nozzle (spacing) and the proper height above the ground.
NOZZLE SCREENS (STRAINERS)
Smaller nozzles require nozzle screens or strainers to prevent clogging.
• Teejet type nozzles size 8001 and 80015 require 100 mesh screens.
• Teejet type nozzles from size 8002 through 8008 require 50 mesh screens.
• Turbo TurfJet Nozzles Size 1/4 TTJ02-VS and larger do not require strainers.
• Turbo Floodjet Nozzles TF-VS2 through TF-VS3 require 50 mesh screens.
• Turbo Floodjet Nozzles TF-VS4 and larger do not require screens.
Spraying Procedure
SPACING
Turf spray nozzles are normally 20" (51 cm) apart. Some cases 40" (101 cm), depending on the type of spray
boom and type of area to be sprayed.
Very fine, level areas (golf greens and tees, bowling lawns, tennis courts, etc.) may be sprayed with nozzles
spaced every 10" (25 cm).
BOOM HEIGHT
Height is very important in permitting spray nozzles to develop their proper spray pattern. If nozzles are too high,
excessive overlap develops. If nozzles are too low, there is not enough overlapping of nozzle spray patterns.
NOZZLE
TYPE
NOZZLE
SPACING
HEIGHT ABOVE
THE GROUND
80° Flat Fan
65° Flat Fan
Turbo TurfJet
Turbo TurfJet
Turbo Floodjet
Turbo Floodjet
20" (51 cm)
20" (51 cm)
20" (51 cm)
40" (101 cm)
20" (51 cm)
40" (100 cm)
18" (45 cm)
12" (30 cm)
15" (38 cm)
19" (48 cm)
16" (41 cm)
18" (45 cm)
Improper nozzle height or spacing prevents proper application of chemical. Some areas are under treated and
chemicals are ineffective. Some areas are overtreated with wasted chemical and possible turf damage.
Operating your sprayer at a desired speed and pressure on a hard, dry surface is a good method of checking
spraying consistency. Observe nozzles in operation, observe if the area dries evenly. If there are alternating wet
and dry streaks, raise or lower the spray boom. If the wet streaks are directly under the nozzle, the boom is too
low. If the wet streaks are between the nozzles, the boom is too high.
26
CALIBRATION INTRODUCTION
Calibrating simply means to adjust a set of variables on the sprayer in order to deliver the desired amount of
chemical to a known area of turf.
The job of calibrating the sprayer consists of balancing these variables so that your sprayer delivers the desired
application rate. That is, an amount of chemical on a given area. It is expressed as:
Gallons Per Acre (gpa) (1 US gpa = 0.83 UK gpa)
or Gallons Per 1,000 Square Feet (gpt)
or Liters Per Hectare (lph) (1 US gpa = 9.35 lph)
A number of acceptable methods for calibrating a turf sprayer are widely available. The calibration method
chosen must take these variables into account. They must include known ground speed (by measurement or
from an accurate speedometer) and nozzle output (gpm or lpm) from a nozzle chart or from actual measurement. The variables are:
PRESSURE
Just as pressure increases the volume discharge rate, it also increases the application rate. Pressure must
increase by 4 times in order to double the application rate. Small pressure changes of 10 psi (1.4 bar) or less
do not greatly affect performance.
Pressure is established and maintained by a pressure control valve or by a flow control valve located on the
sprayer.
Sizes are available for all requirements. Consult the nozzle chart in this manual for your nozzle type in order to
select the correct size.
TRAVEL SPEED
Increased travel speed decreases the application rate (gpa, gpt or lph). Travel speed must be safe and appropriate for the area to be sprayed.
Unlike pressure changes which have only a minor effect on application rate, ground speed changes have a
more major and direct effect. For example: 50% decrease in ground speed means a 100% increase in application rate. If the vehicle does not have an accurate speedometer, correct speed must be determined by timing
the sprayer travel over a measured distance. (Refer to the page in this manual titled, “Abbreviations and Conversions”.
To calibrate a sprayer, the user must:
1. Understand the Variables
2. Set those variables using one of the proven methods available.
3. Make a trial run and measure the output (use water, not chemical).
4. Determine the output.
5. Make adjustments to the 3 variables until the output is at the desired level.
This covers the principles of what must be known to prepare a sprayer for operation.
There are other acceptable and proven methods of calibrating a turf sprayer for application.
Other techniques may be more suitable depending on operational needs and technical competence of the operator.
27
Spraying Procedures
NOZZLE CAPACITY (VOLUME)
We have covered the different types of spray patterns of various nozzles and made our selection of type accordingly. We now have to choose a size which will provide the correct application rate.
THE NOZZLE CHART METHOD OF CALIBRATION
The Nozzle Chart Method is useful when the sprayer nozzles are new or nearly new. It is also the most useful
method to employ when the sprayer is equipped with an Electronic Spray Control System. The Electronic Spray
Control System does most of the calibration work, it is up to the operator to select the proper combination of
nozzle size and ground speed which will deliver the desired application rate.
The nozzle chart method requires the use of the appropriate nozzle charts which are found in the back of this
manual (Nozzle Charts 1 through 8). Nozzle charts for other nozzles are available from the manufacturer.
CALIBRATION STEPS
1. Determine “HOW” your sprayer is to be calibrated from the list of variables below.
a. Nozzle Type (Teejet, Turbo Turf, Turbo Flood)
b. Spacing (10" (25 cm) or 20" (51 cm) or 30" (76 cm))
c. Expression of Application Rate (gpa or gpt or lph)
The answers to these three questions will direct you to the appropriate nozzle chart for your application.
The correct nozzle chart MUST be used.
2. Determine the Desired Application Rate.
This is determined from the information on chemical labels or other technical information available from
a variety of sources.
3. Determine an Acceptable Ground Speed.
Spraying Procedure
Conditions over which the sprayer will operate generally dictate the appropriate ground speed. Within the
limits of practicality and efficiency, spraying should generally be done at lowest possible speed. This
increases operator safety and contributes to more precise application of chemicals. For example, golf
greens and tees and hill areas would generally be sprayed in the range of 21/2 to 31/2 mph (4-6 kph).
Larger, open and more level areas such as golf fairways and park or school grounds would be sprayed at
41/2 to 6 mph (7-10 kph).
The vehicle which carries or tows the sprayer should be equipped with a precise low-speed speedometer. If it is not, exact ground speed at a given engine speed must be determined by timing the travel of
the sprayer over a measured distance.
4. Determine Nozzle Size.
Refer to the appropriate nozzle chart in the back of this manual for your nozzle TYPE (the type of nozzle
you have or type you wish to use), nozzle SPACING and CALIBRATION TYPE (gpm, gpt or lph).
You will note from the chart, that application rates from any given nozzle decrease as the ground speed
increases. In other words, the faster you drive, the less material you are applying.
Application rates are shown in the columns to the right of the charts. Once the desired application rate is
decided upon, it should be located, as nearly as possible in one of these columns on the appropriate
chart for your operation. It could well be that the approximate rate desired would be obtained from the
nozzles already installed in the boom. If this is not possible, then nozzles will need to be changed.
When selecting a new nozzle size refer to the “Discharge Rate Column” on the nozzle charts.
The Discharge Rate (gpm or lpm) multiplied by the number of nozzles should not exceed 75%
of the actual discharge volume of the sprayer pump. [i.e., if you need to use nozzles which
discharge 0.8 gpm (3.0 lpm), and the spray boom is equipped with 12 nozzles, the sprayer
pump would have to produce an actual discharge volume of 13 gpm (49 lpm) in order to
properly supply these nozzles.] If the collective volume of the spray boom nozzles exceeds the
actual discharge volume of the pump, inadequate pressure and poor nozzle distribution
patterns may result.
Once nozzle type and size have been determined, those nozzles are installed in the sprayer boom.
Nozzles should be expected to be replaced after 15-20 hours of actual sprayer operation. After nozzles
are installed, make trial application of water over a known area to check application rate.
28
THE NOZZLE CHART METHOD OF CALIBRATION (CONTINUED)
5. For Sprayer with Electronic Spray Control Systems.
On sprayers equipped with Electronic Spray Control Systems such as those manufactured by Raven
Ind., Micro-Trak Co. and Dickey-John Co., it is still important to select the right type and size of nozzle for
the required operation. Electronic Spray Control Systems cannot function properly if the nozzles are not
capable of delivering the programmed (desired) application rate. Nozzles which are too large will not
develop adequate pressure or satisfactory spray patterns. Nozzles which are too small will not allow the
discharge of spray material at the programmed application rate.
Further, when calibrating sprayers which are equipped with Electronic Spray Control Systems, care must
be taken to use the mode of operation on the Spray Control System (Gallons per acre “US” Mode);
Gallons per 1,000 Square Feet (“Turf” Mode); or Liters per Hectare (Standard International Model), which
corresponds with the nozzle calibration charts (gpa, gpt or lph).
6. Using the Nozzle Charts.
Select the correct chart based on your nozzle type, nozzle spacing and desired expression of application
rate (gpa, gpt or lph). If the desired operating speed is not found on the nozzle chart, it is simple to
determine application rate at different speeds by estimating from the known facts.
Example 1: If the desired speed is 21/2 MPH (4 kph) on a sprayer using TurfJet nozzles (Chart 5). The
average between the application rates for 2 MPH and 3 MPH may be assumed to be the application rate
for 21/2 MPH.
Example 2: The desired speed is 6 MPH. Use the application rate column for 3 MPH a divide by 2.
To convert any of the Gallon Per Acre rates to Imperial Gallons per acre, (Imp gpa) multiply by 0.83. To
convert any of the Liter Per Hectare rates to Imperial Gallons Per Hectare (Imp GPH), multiply by 0.22.
8. Checking the Actual Application Rate.
After the combination of ground speed, nozzle size and operating pressure has been selected, the
sprayer should be operated with water only to determine if the target application rate is achieved.
THE “128” METHOD OF BOOM SPRAYER CALIBRATION
The “128” Method is useful for calibrating sprayers and also for checking the calibration of sprayer calibrated
by the Nozzle Chart Method and sprayers using Electronic Spray Control Systems. The “128” is based on a
convenient mathematical relationship that exists between US Gallons, liquid ounces and acres.
An ounce is 1/128th of a (US) gallon. If an area which was “1/128th of an acre” could be found, the number of
ounces applied to that small area would be equal to the number of gallons applied to the acre Thus, no mathematical computations would be required.
To determine an area which is 1/128 of an acre:
• On nozzles with 20 inch (51 cm) spacing, measure off a distance of 204 ft (62 meters). Mark a “START”
and a “STOP” line. The rectangle formed by this distance and the spraying width of one nozzle 20" (51
cm) is equal to 340 square feet which is equal to 1/128 acre. Therefore, the amount of material applied to
this area by one nozzle in OUNCES is the same amount of material applied to an acre in GALLONS
(gpa).
• On nozzles with 10 inch (25 cm) spacing, the measure distance is 408 feet (124 meters).
• On nozzles with 30 inch (76 cm) spacing the measured distance is 136 feet (41 meters).
CALIBRATING FOR APPLICATION
1. Fill the sprayer tank with water. Run the sprayer, inspect it for leaks and make sure all systems function
properly.
2. Drive the sprayer through the measured distance discussed above at normal spraying speed, record the
travel time required to cover the measured distance in seconds with a stopwatch.
29
Spraying Procedures
7. Converting Nozzle Chart Method to British Gallons.
THE “128” METHOD OF BOOM SPRAYER CALIBRATION
The carrying or towing vehicle is to be traveling at the desired speed when it crosses the start
line of the measured course.
Repeat this procedure and determine the average of the two times.
3. With the sprayer parked, run the sprayer at the required pressure level. Catch the output of each nozzle
in a container which is marked or graduated in Ounces for the exact same period of time which it took
the sprayer to cover the measured course in step #2. It is necessary to operate the vehicle engine at
spraying speed using a hand throttle.
4. Observe the volume of water in the collection bottle. The number of OUNCES collected in the time it
takes to cover the marked course. Take the average nozzle output by adding the outputs of each nozzle
and then dividing that sum by the number of nozzles.
The NUMBER OF OUNCES collected in the time required to cover the SMALL AREA is equal to the
NUMBER OF GALLONS applied per ACRE. For example: if an average of 40 ounces of water is collected
in the time required to cover the 1/128 acre area, the application rate is 40 gallons per acre (gpa).
As a practical matter, if high application rates are desired (above 75 gpa), the measured course
length should be reduced by half (i.e. 102 ft (31 m) for 20 inch (52 cm) spaced nozzles). The
volume collected (above) is then doubled (multiplied by 2).
AVERAGE OUTPUT (Ounces) = APPLICATION RATE (gpa)
5. Observe individual nozzle output volumes. If an individual nozzle is 10% above or below the average
output, check for blockages in the nozzle or in the nozzle strainer. If the nozzle is worn or damaged,
replace it.
Spraying Procedure
6. Compare this actual application rate with the recommended rate. If the actual rate is more than 5%
higher or lower than the intended rate, adjustments must be made.
7. Minor adjustments in application rate may be made by increasing or decreasing the spraying pressure.
Lowering spraying pressure decreases application rate. Increasing spraying pressure increases application rate. This procedure normally does not apply to spray systems controlled by an Electronic Spray
Control System, which governs flow rate.
8. Adjustments in application rate may be made by increasing or decreasing the travel speed of the sprayer
if conditions permit. Slower speeds increase application rate. Faster speeds decrease application rate.
9. Nozzle sizes can be changed to provide the correct application rate. Refer to the nozzle charts in this
book for the desired nozzle type.
10. Re-calibrate the sprayer (steps 2-6) after any adjustments are made.
As previously discussed, there are other acceptable methods of Turf Sprayer Calibration. Chemical
suppliers, Agricultural Extension Agents, Universities and consultants of various types offer helpful advice
on this subject. Technical catalogues are available from nozzle manufacturers.
TRANSFERRING THE “128” METHOD INTO METRIC (LITERS PER HECTARE)
The same steps are used that are used when calibrating in gallons per acre. First a relationship between a
measurable amount (milliliters) and the calibration amount (liter) is determined. That ratio is 1:1000.
Now an area which is 1/1000th of a hectare must be measured.
On spray booms with 51 cm (20 inch) spacing, mark off an area which is 20 meters (65.6 feet) long . The area
formed by that length and the width of one spray nozzle (20 meters by 0.5 meters) is 10 square meters which is
1/1000 of a hectare. Therefore, the amount of spray material applied to this small area in milliliters is equal to
the amount applied to one hectare in liters.
Then, follow the remaining steps 2-10, substituting milliliters for ounces, liters for gallons, square meters for
square feet and hectares for acres.
AVERAGE OUTPUT (Milliliters) = APPLICATION RATE (LITERS/HECTARE)
30
Nozzle Type:
Spacing:
Calibration:
Color
Size
Orange
XR8001
Green
XR80015
DG80015
Yellow
XR8002
DG8002
Blue
XR8003
DG8003
Red
XR8004
DG8004
Brown
XR8005
DG8005
Gray
XR8006
White
XR8008
Steel
SS8010
XR TeeJet & DG TeeJet
20 inch (51cm)
US Gal/Acre (GPA) & US Gal/1,000 Square Feet (GPT)
Application
Nozzle
Application Rate GPA
Speed
Pressure Capacity
Speed MPH
4
5
6
7
2
3
psi
(Gal/Min)
0.16
0.24
3.0
3.5
4.2
5.3
0.071
20
0.21
0.31
3.7
4.3
5.2
6.5
0.087
30
0.23
0.34
4.2
5.0
5.9
7.4
0.10
40
0.28
0.41
5.1
5.9
7.1
8.9
0.12
60
0.25
0.38
4.7
5.4
6.5
8.2
0.11
20
0.30
0.44
5.5
6.4
7.7
9.7
0.13
30
0.34
0.51
6.4
7.4
8.9
11.1
0.15
40
0.41
0.61
7.6
8.9
10.7
12.6
0.18
60
0.32
0.48
5.9
6.9
8.3
10.4
0.14
20
0.39
0.58
7.2
8.4
10.1
12.6
0.17
30
0.45
0.68
8.5
9.9
14.96 11.9
0.20
40
0.54
0.82
10.2
11.9
13.1
17.8
0.24
60
0.48
0.72
8.9
10.4
12.5
15.6
0.21
20
0.59
0.89
11.0
12.9
15.4
19.3
0.26
30
0.68
1.02
12.7
14.9
17.8
22.0
0.30
40
0.84
1.26
15.7
18.3
22.0
27.0
0.37
60
0.64
0.98
11.9
13.9
16.6
21.0
0.28
20
0.80
1.20
14.9
17.3
21.0
26.0
0.35
30
0.91
1.40
17.0
19.8
24.0
30.0
0.40
40
1.10
1.70
21.0
24.0
29.0
36.0
0.49
60
0.80
1.20
14.9
17.3
21.0
26.0
0.35
20
0.98
1.50
18.2
21.0
26.0
32.0
0.43
30
1.10
1.70
21.0
25.0
30.0
37.0
0.50
40
1.40
2.10
26.0
30.0
36.0
45.0
0.61
60
0.95
1.40
17.8
21.0
25.0
31.0
0.42
20
1.20
1.80
22.0
26.0
31.0
39.0
0.52
30
1.40
2.00
25.0
30.0
36.0
45.0
0.60
40
1.70
2.50
31.0
36.0
43.0
54.0
0.73
60
1.30
1.90
24.0
28.0
34.0
42.0
0.57
20
1.60
2.40
29.0
34.0
41.0
51.0
0.69
30
1.80
2.70
34.0
40.0
48.0
59.0
0.80
40
2.20
3.30
42.0
49.0
58.0
73.0
0.98
60
40
1.00
128
74.0
59.0
50.0
3.40
2.30
60
1.20
156
91.0
72.0
60.0
4.10
2.80
Rate GPT
MPH
4
5
0.10
0.12
0.11
0.16
0.14
0.17
0.16
0.21
0.15
0.19
0.18
0.22
0.20
0.26
0.25
0.31
0.19
0.24
0.23
0.29
0.27
0.34
0.33
0.41
0.29
0.36
0.35
0.44
0.41
0.51
0.50
0.63
0.38
0.48
0.48
0.60
0.55
0.68
0.67
0.84
0.48
0.60
0.59
0.73
0.68
0.85
0.83
1.00
0.57
0.72
0.57
0.89
0.82
1.00
0.99
1.20
0.78
0.97
0.94
1.20
1.10
1.40
1.30
1.70
1.70
1.40
2.10
1.70
31
Nozzle Charts
NOZZLE PERFORMANCE CHART #1
NOZZLE PERFORMANCE CHART #2
Nozzle Type:
Spacing:
Calibration:
Size
Orange
XR8001
Green
XR80015
DG80015
Yellow
XR8002
DG8002
Blue
XR8003
DG8003
Red
XR8004
DG8004
Brown
XR8005
DG8005
Gray
XR8006
White
XR8008
Steel
SS8010
Nozzle Charts
Color
32
XR TeeJet & DG TeeJet
20 inch (51cm)
Liters Per hectare
Nozzle
Application Rate l/ha
Pressure Capacity
Speed km/h
4
5
6
7
bar
(l/min)
1.5
0.28
84
67.2
56.0
48.0
2.0
0.32
96
76.8
64.0
54.9
3.0
0.39
117
93.6
78.0
66.9
4.0
0.45
135
108
90.0
77.1
1.5
0.42
126
101
84.0
72.0
2.0
0.48
144
115
96.0
82.3
3.0
0.59
177
142
118
101
4.0
0.68
204
163
136
117
1.5
0.56
168
134
112
96.0
2.0
0.65
195
156
130
111
3.0
0.79
237
190
158
135
4.0
0.91
273
218
182
156
1.5
0.83
249
199
166
142
2.0
0.96
288
230
192
165
3.0
1.18
354
283
236
202
4.0
1.36
408
326
272
233
1.5
1.12
336
269
224
192
2.0
1.29
387
310
258
221
3.0
1.58
474
379
316
271
4.0
1.82
546
437
364
312
1.5
1.39
417
334
278
238
2.0
1.61
483
386
322
276
3.0
1.97
591
473
394
338
4.0
2.27
681
545
454
389
1.5
1.68
504
403
336
288
2.0
1.94
582
466
388
333
3.0
2.37
711
569
474
406
4.0
2.74
822
658
548
470
1.5
2.23
669
535
446
382
2.0
2.58
774
619
516
442
3.0
3.16
948
758
632
542
4.0
3.65
1095
876
730
626
3.0
3.95
1185
948
790
677
4.0
4.56
1368 1094
912
782
NOZZLE PERFORMANCE CHART #3
Color
Size
Red
TF-VS2
Brown
TF-VS2.5
Gray
TF-VS3
White
TF-VS4
Blue
TF-VS5
Green
TF-VS7.5
Black
TF-VS10
Turbo FloodJet
40 inch (100cm)
US Gal/Acre (GPA) & US Gal/1,000 Square Feet (GPT)
Nozzle
Application Rate GPA
Application Rate GPT
Pressure Capacity
Speed MPH
Speed MPH
4
5
6
7
4
5
6
7
psi
(Gal/Min)
20
0.28
10.4
8.3
6.9
5.9
.24
30
0.35
13.0
10.4
8.7
7.4
.30
20
0.35
13.0
10.4
8.7
7.4
.30
30
0.43
16.0
12.8
10.6
9.1
.37
20
0.42
15.6
12.5
10.4
8.9
.36
30
0.52
19.3
15.4
12.9
11.0
.44
20
0.57
21.0
16.9
14.1
12.1
.48
30
0.69
26.0
20.0
17.1
14.6
.59
0.71
26.0
21.0
17.6
15.1
.60
20
30
0.87
32.0
26.0
22.0
18.5
.74
20
1.06
39.0
31.0
26.0
22.0
.90
30
1.30
48.0
39.0
32.0
28.0
1.11
20
1.41
52.0
42.0
35.0
30.0
1.20
30
1.73
64.0
51.0
43.0
37.0
1.47
Nozzle Charts
Nozzle Type:
Spacing:
Calibration:
33
NOZZLE PERFORMANCE CHART #4
Nozzle Type:
Spacing:
Calibration:
Nozzle Charts
34
Color
Size
Red
TF-VS2
Brown
TF-VS2.5
Gray
TF-VS3
White
TF-VS4
Blue
TF-VS5
Green
TF-VS7.5
Black
TF-VS10
Turbo FloodJet
40 inch (100cm)
Liters Per Hectare
Nozzle
Pressure Capacity
(l/min)
bar
1.5
1.11
2.0
1.29
1.5
1.40
2.0
1.61
1.5
1.68
2.0
1.94
1.5
2.23
2.0
2.57
2.79
1.5
2.0
3.22
1.5
4.19
2.0
4.83
1.5
5.58
2.0
6.45
Application Rate l/ha
Speed km/h
4
6
8
10
167
111
83.3
66.6
194
129
96.8
77.4
210
140
105
84.0
242
161
121
96.6
252
168
126
101
291
194
146
116
335
223
167
112
386
257
193
129
419
279
209
167
483
322
242
193
629
419
314
251
726
484
363
290
837
558
419
335
968
645
484
387
Application Rate GPT
Speed MPH
Nozzle Type:
Spacing:
Calibration:
Color
Size
Yellow
1/4 TTJ02-VS
Red
1/4 TTJ04-VS
Brown
1/4 TTJ05-VS
Gray
1/4 TTJ06-VS
White
1/4 TTJ08-VS
L. Blue
1/4 TTJ10-VS
L. Green
1/4 TTJ15-VS
Turbo TurfJet
20 inch (51cm)
US Gal/Acre (GPA) & US Gal/1,000 Square Feet (GPT)
Application Rate GPT
Nozzle
Application Rate GPA
Speed MPH (KPH)
Pressure Capacity
Speed MPH (KPH)
3
(5)
4
(6)
5
(8)
6
(10)
3
(5)
4 (6)
5 (8) 6 (10)
psi
(Gal/Min)
25
.16
15.8
11.9
9.5
7.9
.36
.27
.22
.18
30
.17
16.8
12.6
10.1
8.4
.39
.29
.23
.19
40
.20
19.8
14.9
11.9
9.9
.45
.34
.27
.23
50
.22
22
16.3
13.1
10.9
.50
.37
.30
.25
25
.32
32
24
19.0
15.8
.73
.54
.44
.36
30
.35
35
26
21
17.3
.79
.60
.48
.40
40
.40
40
30
24
19.8
.91
.68
.54
.45
50
.45
45
33
27
22
1.0
.77
.61
.51
25
.40
40
30
24
19.8
.91
.68
.54
.45
30
.43
43
32
26
21
.97
.73
.58
.49
40
.50
50
37
30
25
1.1
.85
.68
.57
50
.56
55
42
33
28
1.3
.95
.76
.63
25
.47
47
35
28
23
1.1
.80
.64
.53
30
.52
51
39
31
26
1.2
.88
.71
.59
40
.60
59
45
36
30
1.4
1.0
.82
.68
50
.67
66
50
40
33
1.5
1.1
.91
.76
25
.63
62
47
37
31
1.4
1.1
.86
.71
30
.69
68
41
41
34
1.6
1.2
.94
.78
40
.80
79
59
48
40
1.8
1.4
1.1
.91
50
.89
88
66
53
44
2.0
1.5
1.2
1.0
25
.79
78
59
47
39
1.8
1.3
1.1
.90
30
.87
86
65
52
43
2.0
1.5
1.2
.99
40
1.00
99
74
59
50
2.3
1.7
1.4
1.1
50
1.12
111
83
67
55
2.5
1.9
1.5
1.3
25
1.19
118
88
71
59
2.7
2.0
1.6
1.3
30
1.30
129
97
77
64
2.9
2.2
1.8
1.5
40
1.50
149
111
89
74
3.4
2.6
2.0
1.7
50
1.68
166
125
100
83
3.8
2.9
2.3
1.9
35
Nozzle Charts
NOZZLE PERFORMANCE CHART #5
NOZZLE PERFORMANCE CHART #6
Nozzle Type:
Spacing:
Calibration:
Nozzle Charts
Color
Size
Yellow
1/4 TTJ02-VS
Red
1/4 TTJ04-VS
Brown
1/4 TTJ05-VS
Gray
1/4 TTJ06-VS
White
1/4 TTJ08-VS
L. Blue
1/4 TTJ10-VS
L. Green
1/4 TTJ15-VS
36
Turbo TurfJet
20 inch (51cm)
Liters Per Hectare
Nozzle
Application Rate l/ha
Pressure Capacity
Speed KPH (MPH)
8 (5) 10 (6)
bar
(l/min) 4 (2.5) 6 (4)
1.0
0.46
69.0
46.0
34.5 27.6
1.5
0.56
84.0
56.0
42.0 33.6
2.0
0.65
97.5
65.0
48.8 32.5
3.0
0.80
120.0 80.0
60.0 48.0
1.0
.091
137
91.0
68.3 54.6
1.5
1.11
167
111
83.3 66.6
2.0
1.29
194
129
95.8 77.4
3.0
1.58
237
158
119 94.8
1.0
1.14
171
114
85.5 68.4
1.5
1.40
210
140
105 84.0
2.0
1.61
242
161
121 96.6
3.0
1.97
296
197
148 118
1.0
1.37
206
137
103 82.2
1.5
1.68
252
168
126 101
2.0
1.94
291
194
146 116
3.0
2.37
356
237
178 142
1.0
1.82
273
182
137 109
1.5
2.23
335
223
167 134
2.0
2.57
385
257
193 154
3.0
3.15
473
315
236 189
1.0
2.28
342
228
171 137
1.5
2.79
419
279
209 167
2.0
3.22
483
322
242 193
3.0
3.95
593
395
295 237
1.0
3.42
513
342
257 205
1.5
4.19
629
419
314 251
2.0
4.84
726
484
363 290
3.0
5.92
888
592
444 355
ABBREVIATIONS AND CONVERSIONS
gpm
Gallons per minute
cm
Centimeters
lit/min
Liters per minute
dm
Decimeters
dl/min
Deciliter per minute
m
Meter
psi
Pounds per square inch
mm
Millimeters
km
Kilometers
mph
Miles per hour
gpa
Gallon per acre
km/h
Kilometers per hour
lit/ha
Liters per hectare
us
Volume per ACRE
ml/ha
Milliliter per hectare
Si
Volume per Hectare
gpk
Gallons per 1,000 sq ft
TU
Volume per 1,000 sq ft
AREA & SPEED
Distance (feet) x 0.68 = Travel Speed (MPH) Travel Time (seconds)
Speed (MPH)
Time Required in Seconds to Travel a Distance of:
100 Ft
200 Ft
300 Ft
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
68
46
34
27
23
20
17
15
13
136
92
68
54
46
40
34
30
28
205
136
103
82
68
58
52
46
41
LIQUID/VOLUME
1 US Gallon x 128 = Fluid Ounces
1 US Gallon x 3.785 = Liters
1 US Gallon x 0.83267 = Imperial Gallons
1 US Gallon x 8.34 = Pounds (Water)
1 Gallon Per Acre = 2.9 Fluid Ounces per 1,000 Square Feet = 9.35 Liters Per Hectare
1 Gallon Per 1,000 Square Feet = 43.56 Gallons Per Acre
1 Gallon = 128 Fluid Ounces = 8 Pints = 4 Quarts = 3.79 Liters = 0.83 Imperial Gallons
gpa =
5940 × GPM ( per nozzle )
MPH × Nozzle Spacing Width (inches)
MPH x Nozzle Spacing Width (inches)
GAL. 1,000 Square Feet =
136 × GPM ( per nozzle)
MPH × Nozzle SpacingWidth (inches)
LENGTH/DISTANCE
1 millimeter (mm) = 0.039 inch
AREA
1 square meter = 10.764 sq feet
1 centimeter (cm) = 0.393 inch
1 hectare (ha) = 2.471 acres = 10,000 sq meters
1 meter (m) = 3.281 feet
1 acre = 0.405 hectare = 43,560 Square Feet
1 kilometer (km) = 0.621 mile
1 sq mile = 640 acres = 258.9 hectares
Reference
1 inch = 25.4 millimeters; 2.54 centimeters
1 mile = 5280 Feet = 1610 Meters = 1.609 Kilometers
PRESSURE
1 Pound Per Square Inch = 0.069 Bar
d
37
EC Declaration of Conformity
according to Directive 89/392/EEC
We
SMITHCO INC.
(Name of supplier)
34 West Ave. Wayne, PA 19087 USA
(Full address of the manufacture - authorized representative established in the Community must also give the
business name and address of the manufacture)
declare under our sole responsibility, that the product
Spray Star 1600HD / 14-310-B
(Make, Model)
to which this declaration relates corresponds to the relevant basic safety and health requirements of the Directive
89/392/EEC,
(if applicable)
and to the requirements of the other Directives:
EN292-1
EN292-2
EN294
EN349
98/37
339/93/EEC
91/368/EEC
2000/14/EC
(Title and/or number and date of issue of the other Directives)
(if applicable)
For the relevant implementation of the safety and health requirements mentioned in the Directives, the following
standard(s) and/or technical specification(s) has (have) been respected:
Reference
ISO 37-1983
PREN 836
ISO 1219-1976
SAE HS-2800
SAE J1362
(Title and/or number and date of issue of standard(s) and/or technical specification(s))
Cameron, Wisconsin USA
(Place and date of issue)
38
(Name, function and signature of the authorized person)
LIMITED WARRANTY
SMITHCO warrants this product to be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal
use for one year from the date of purchase by the original user. (60 days if product is used for rental
purposes.) All warranty claims must be handled through a SMITHCO authorized dealer or by
SMITHCO, INC. All transportation charges must be paid by the purchaser.
There is no further express warranty. All implied warranties, including those of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose, are limited to one year, (60 days if product is used for rental purposes) from the date of purchase by the original user, and to the extent permitted by law any and all
implied warranties are excluded and disclaimed after the expiration of such period.
All incidental and consequential damages, including pickup and delivery of the unit, communication, mileage charges and/or rental of a replacement unit during repair, are not covered under this
warranty, nor is any loss of income and/or other loss resulting from the failure of the product to
function due to a warranty defect.
The following items are not covered under the SMITHCO warranty, and are warranted by their
respective manufacturer.
(a) Engine and engine parts, including starters, generators, alternators and filters.
(b) Transaxle, differentials, gear boxes and mechanical pumps.
(c) Hydrostatic transmissions, hydraulic pumps and motors.
(d) Batteries.
(e) Wheels and tires.
A copy of the warranty for the above items is furnished if necessary with each SMITHCO product.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion or
limitations of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not
apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights, which
may vary from state to state.
Federal law now requires disclosure of the warranty which applies to this product prior to the sale to
a customer. Please leave this statement attached to the product and allow the buyer to remove it
after purchase.
Part #74-17
041503
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