AR-B1782 INDUSTRIAL GRADE CPU BOARD User` s Guide

AR-B1782 INDUSTRIAL GRADE CPU BOARD User` s Guide

AR-B1782

INDUSTRIAL GRADE

CPU BOARD

User’ s Guide

Edition: 1.0

Book Number: AR-B1782-02.0704

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

Table of Contents

0.PREFACE ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2

0.1 COPYRIGHT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER..................................................................................................................................2

0.2 WELCOME TO THE AR-B1782 CPU BOARD.............................................................................................................................2

0.3 BEFORE YOU USE THIS GUIDE ...............................................................................................................................................2

0.4 RETURNING YOUR BOARD FOR SERVICE .............................................................................................................................2

0.5 TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND USER COMMENTS .....................................................................................................................2

0.6 ORGANIZATION.........................................................................................................................................................................3

0.7 STATIC ELECTRICITY PRECAUTIONS .....................................................................................................................................3

1. INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................................................... 4

1.1 CHECK LIST ...............................................................................................................................................................................4

1.2 PRODUCT SPECIFICATION ......................................................................................................................................................5

1.3 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE.........................................................................................................................................................6

2. HARDWARE CONFIGURATION SETTING ................................................................................................................ 7

2.1 JUMPERS...................................................................................................................................................................................7

2.1.1 RTC CMOS Clear Jumper Setting (JP1)...............................................................................................................................7

2.1.2 Disk-On-Chip Memory address Space Selection (JP2) .........................................................................................................8

2.1.3 Watch-Dog Timer Jumper Setting (JP4, JP3) .......................................................................................................................8

2.2 CONNECTORS...........................................................................................................................................................................9

2.2.1 Front Panel interface (J1) ...................................................................................................................................................10

2.2.2 Power Connector (J4).........................................................................................................................................................10

2.2.3 ATX12V Power Connector (J5)...........................................................................................................................................11

2.2.4 Parallel Port (J8).................................................................................................................................................................11

2.2.5 COM1 Serial Interface (J15) ...............................................................................................................................................11

2.2.6 COM2 Interface (J11) .........................................................................................................................................................12

2.2.7 CD-ROM Audio in (J12)......................................................................................................................................................12

2.2.8 External USB (J14).............................................................................................................................................................12

2.2.9 CPU/System FAN (J9/J23) .................................................................................................................................................13

2.2.10 Standard IrDA (J10)..........................................................................................................................................................13

2.2.11 Ethernet RJ-45 Connector (J16) .......................................................................................................................................14

2.2.12 ATX power controller (J21) ...............................................................................................................................................14

2.2.13 External keyboard (J24)....................................................................................................................................................14

2.2.14 Proprietary PCI interface #1 / #2(J22/J17) ........................................................................................................................15

2.2.14 PS/2 Keyboard & Mouse (J26) .........................................................................................................................................16

2.2.15 Hard Disk (IDE) Connector (J2/J7) ...................................................................................................................................16

2.2.16 FDD Port Connector (J3) ..................................................................................................................................................17

2.2.17 VGA Interface (J20)..........................................................................................................................................................17

3. SYSTEM INSTALLATION ......................................................................................................................................... 18

3.1 CPU ..........................................................................................................................................................................................18

3.2 MAIN MEMORY ........................................................................................................................................................................18

3.3 M-SYSTEM FLASH DISK..........................................................................................................................................................18

3.4 INSTALLING THE SINGLE BOARD COMPUTER.....................................................................................................................19

3.4.1 SIS 650 Integrated Graphic Controller ................................................................................................................................19

3.4.2

SIS 961 Integrated Ethernet Controller...............................................................................................................................19

3.4.3

Drivers Support ..................................................................................................................................................................20

3.5 WATCH-DOG TIMER PROGRAMMING ...................................................................................................................................20

4. BIOS SETUP INFORMATION ................................................................................................................................... 21

4.1 ENTERING SETUP...................................................................................................................................................................21

4.2 MAIN MENU..............................................................................................................................................................................21

4.3 CMOS SETUP REFERENCE TABLE........................................................................................................................................22

4.4 ADVANCED CMOS SETUP DEFAULTS...................................................................................................................................22

4.5 ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP DEFAULTS ..............................................................................................................................23

4.6 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP DEFAULTS ..........................................................................................................................23

4.7 PCI / PLUG AND PLAY SETUP DEFAULTS .............................................................................................................................24

4.8 PERIPHERAL SETUP DEFAULTS ...........................................................................................................................................25

4.9 STANDARD CMOS SETUP MENU...........................................................................................................................................25

4.10 ADVANCED CMOS SETUP MENU.........................................................................................................................................26

4.11 ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP MENU ....................................................................................................................................27

4.12 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP MENU ................................................................................................................................27

4.13 PCI/PLUG AND PLAY SETUP ................................................................................................................................................28

4.14 PERIPHERAL SETUP.............................................................................................................................................................29

4.15 HARDWARE MONITOR SETUP .............................................................................................................................................30

4.16 BIOS POST CHECK POINT LIST ...........................................................................................................................................30

JUMPER/CONNECTOR QUICK REFERENCE ............................................................................................................ 34

1

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

0.PREFACE

0.1 COPYRIGHT NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER

This document is copyrighted, 2002, by Acrosser Technology Co., Ltd. All rights are reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language in any form or by any means, such as electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or other means without the prior written permission or original manufacturer.

Acrosser Technology assumes no responsibility or warranty with respect to the content in this manual and specifically disclaims any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Furthermore,

Acrosser Technology reserves the right to make improvements to the products described in this manual at any times without notice. Such revisions will be posted on the Internet (WWW.ACROSSER.COM) as soon as possible.

Possession, use, or copy of the software described in this publication is authorized only pursuant to valid written license from Acrosser or an authorized sub licensor.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Acrosser, AMI, IBM PC/AT, ALI, Windows 3.1, MS-DOS…are registered trademarks.

All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

0.2 WELCOME TO THE AR-B1782 CPU BOARD

This guide introduces the Acrosser AR-B1782 CPU Board.

Use information provided in this manual describes this card’s functions and features. It also helps you start, set up and operate your AR-B1782. General system information can also be found in this publication.

0.3 BEFORE YOU USE THIS GUIDE

Please refer to the Chapter 3, “Setting System,” in this guide, if you have not already installed this AR-B1782.

Check the packing list before you install and make sure the accessories are completely included.

AR-B1782 CD provides the newest information regarding the CPU card. Please refer to the README.DOC file of the enclosed utility diskette. It contains the modification and hardware & software information, and adding the description or modification of product function after manual printed.

0.4 RETURNING YOUR BOARD FOR SERVICE

If your board requires any services, contact the distributor or sales representative from whom you purchased the product for service information. If you need to ship your board to us for service, be sure it is packed in a protective carton. We recommend that you keep the original shipping container for this purpose.

You can help assure efficient servicing for your product by following these guidelines:

1. Include your name, address, daytime telephone, facsimile number and E-mail.

2. A description of the system configuration and/or software at the time of malfunction.

3. A brief description of the problem occurred.

0.5 TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND USER COMMENTS

Users comments are always welcome as they assist us in improving the quality of our products and the readability of our publications. They create a very important part of the input used for product enhancement and revision.

We may use and distribute any of the information you provide in any way appropriate without incurring any obligation. You may, of course, continue to use the information you provide.

If you have any suggestions for improving particular sections or if you find any errors on it, please send your comments to Acrosser Technology Co., Ltd. or your local sales representative and indicate the manual title and book number.

Internet electronic mail to: [email protected] [email protected]

2

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

0.6 ORGANIZATION

This manual covers the following topics (see the Table of Contents for a detailed listing):

! Chapter 1, “Introduction”, presents what you have inside the box and gives you an overview of the product specifications and basics system architecture for the AR-B1782 server board.

! Chapter 2, “Hardware Configuration Setting” shows the definitions and locations of Jumpers and Connectors so that you can easily configure your system.

! Chapter 3, “System Installation,” describes how to properly mount the CPU, main memory, and M-System

Flash disk for a safe installation. It will also introduce and show you the driver installation procedure for the

Graphics Controller and Ethernet Controller.

! Chapter 4, ”BIOS Setup Information,” specifies the meaning of each setup parameter, how to get advanced

BIOS performance and update to a new BIOS. Additionally, the POST checkpoint list will give you a guide for troubleshooting.

0.7 STATIC ELECTRICITY PRECAUTIONS

Before removing the board from its anti-static bag, read this section about static electricity precautions.

Static electricity is a constant danger to computer systems. The charge that can build up in your body may be more than sufficient to damage integrated circuits on any PC board. It is, therefore, important to observe basic precautions whenever you use or handle computer components. Although areas with humid climates are much less prone to static build-up, it is always best to safeguard against accidents that may result in expensive repairs.

The following measures should be sufficient to protect your equipment from static discharge:

! Touch a grounded metal object to discharge the static electricity in your body (or ideally, wear a grounded wrist strap).

! When unpacking and handling the board or other system components, place all materials on an anti-static surface.

! Be careful not to touch the components on the board, especially the “golden finger” connectors on the bottom of the board.

3

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

1. INTRODUCTION

The AR-B1782 Pentium 4 all-in-one full-sized single board computer is designed to fit a high performance 478-pin

Intel Pentium 4 processor up to 2.2GHz. Two DDR (Double Data Rate) SDRAM DIMMs support maximum 2Gbytes capacity with DDR266/200 specification. AR-B1782 is compatible for high-end computer system application with

PCI bus architecture. It is made to meet today’s demanding pace, and keep complete compatibility with hardware and software designed for the IBM PC/AT.

The on-board devices support one graphic controller offering 4X AGP and up to 64MB of sharing system memory, one SIS961 integrated Ethernet, one AC97 audio controller, watchdog timer, DiskOnChip socket, ISA high driving capability, two USB V1.1 ports, and two Proprietary PCI-bus slots. It’s beneficial to build up a high performance and high data availability system for VARs and system integrators. The enhanced on-board PCI-IDE interface can support 4 drives up to PIO mode 4 timing and Ultra ATA33/66/100 synchronous mode feature. The on-board Super

I/O chipset integrates floppy controller, two serial ports, one SIR (Serial Infrared) port, and one parallel port. Two high performance 16C550-compatible UARTs provide 16-byte Transmit/Receive FIFOs, and the multi-mode parallel port supports SPP/EPP/ECP function.

The PICMG bus standard makes the AR-B1782 works with the legacy ISA except Bus Master function, ISA/PCI, or multi-slots PCI bus backplane. The on-board 32-pin DIP socket supports M-System single-chip flash disk

DiskOnChip Millennium 8 Mbytes or DiskOnChip 2000 up to 576 Mbytes. The built-in Watch-Dog Timer function is designed to monitor your system status in running special AP. One 6-pin Mini-DIN connector is used to support both

PS/2 mouse and keyboard. The on-board Flash ROM is used to make the BIOS update easier. An additional 5-pin shrouded connector is reserved for connecting keyboard interface on the backplane. The high precision Real Time

Clock /calendar is built to support Y2K for accurate scheduling and storing configuration information. One 4-pin header is designed to support ATX power function. All of these features make AR-B1782 excellent in stand-alone applications.

1.1 CHECK LIST

The standard AR-B1782 package includes the following basic items:

! One AR-B1782 single board computer

! One serial / printer ports cable kit

! One FDC cable

! One IDE cable

! One audio cable kit

! One PS/2 Y-type cable

! One 5-pin to 5pin keyboard cable for backplane connection

! One 4-pin ATX power control cable for backplane connection

! One CD-Title to support graphic controller driver, network controller driver, and audio driver

! One User’s Manual for quick installation reference

If any of these items is damaged or missed, please contact your local sales representative, and save all packing materials for future replacement and maintenance.

4

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

1.2 PRODUCT SPECIFICATION

# Chipset

! SIS 650+961 Chipset

# CPU

! Support 478-pin Intel Pentium 4 processors up to 2.2GHz with 400MHz data transfer rate

# Main Memory

! Support two un-buffered double-side 184-pin DDR200/266 SDRAM DIMMs

! Up to 1GB per DIMM with maximum memory size to 2GB

! Support 16Mb, 64Mb, 128Mb, 256Mb SDRAM technology with page size from 2KB up to 16KB

# System BIOS

! AMI BIOS with PC’98 support

! 4Mb Flash ROM for easy upgrade

! Support ACPI, DMI, PnP, and Green function

# LPC Super I/O

! FDD Interface: support one FDD port up to two floppy disk drives

! Serial Port: support two standard RS-232 ports

! IrDA Interface: support one Infrared port

! Parallel Port: support one SPP, EPP/ECP Bi-directional parallel port

# IDE Interface

! Support two enhanced IDE ports up to four drives with Ultra DMA 33/66/100

# USB

! Support two V1.1 USB ports

# Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse Interfaces

! Supports one 6-pin Mini-DIN connector for K/B and Mouse (via Y-cable)

! Supports one 5-pin header connector for external Keyboard connection

# Auxiliary I/O

! One 2-pin system reset switch

! One 4-pin external speaker interface

! One 2-pin HDD active indicator interface

! One 2-pin ATX power control interface

#

O

n-board Solid State Disk Solution

! Supports M-System Flash disk with DiskOnChip Millennium 8 Mbytes or DiskOnChip 2000 up to 576

Mbytes (one 32-pin DIP single chip)

# On-board AC97 Audio

! On-board AC97 codec

! Line-In

! Line-out

! Microphone-In

! CD-In

# Real-Time Clock/Calendar (RTC)

! Built-in SIS 961 to support Y2K RTC with external Li-battery backup for data retention

# Watch-Dog Timer

! Support time-out intervals from 1 to 63 seconds by software programming

# System Monitoring and Protection

! Monitoring system temperature, voltage, and cooling fan status

!

System automatically restored on recovery of AC power loss

# High Driving Capability

! Support high driving capability for ISA-bus

# Bus Interface

! Follow PICMG standard (32-bit PCI and 16-bit ISA)

! Supports 4 master of PCI slot

# Wake On LAN & Modem Ring on

! Support system wake up function from Network and Modem

# Cooling Fan Connectors

! Support two 3-pin headers for CPU cooling and system fan power interface

# On-chip 3D AGP VGA Display

! One DSUB-15 connector for CRT display interface

! Support resolution up to 2048 x 1536, 32 bit colors for 3D at refresh rates 75Hz

! Support Ultra-AGP

TM

with 2GB/s bandwidth

# On-board Ethernet Function

! Chipset integrated LAN controller (SIS 961)

! Support 10/100BASE-T with RJ-45 interface port

! Support two LED indicators to display active and link message

5

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

#

Two Proprietary PCI Interfaces

! Reserved two 80-pin Proprietary PCI connectors for extended PCI device modules (e.g. Ultra160 SCSI,

Intel 82559LAN, IEEE1394, and Audio, etc.)

# Physical and Environmental requirements

! Outline Dimension (L X W): 339.5mm (13.36 inch) X 121.5m (4.78 inch)

! PCB layout: 6-layer (double-side components)

! Power Requirements: [email protected] (typ.),

[email protected]

, [email protected]

! Operating Temperature: 0 – 55 degree C

! Relative Humidity: 5% to 95%, non-condensing

1.3 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

The following illustration of block diagram will show you how AR-B1782 gives you a highly integrated system solution. The most up-to-date system architecture of AR-B1782 includes two main VLSI chips, SIS 650(IGUI) Host

Bridge and SIS 961, to support Intel Pentium 4 (mPGA478) processor, DDR RAM with non ECC, PCI bus interface,

ACPI compliant power management, USB ports, AC97 audio, and Ultra ATA/33/66/100 IDE Bus Master. The on-board super I/O chip, ITE8705F, will support two UARTs, FDC, Parallel port and Infrared interface. Besides,

VGA is integrated in SIS 650 chipset; Ethernet device will provide user more flexibility and reliability in a highly integrated application.

AR-B1782 built-in Socket 478 supports Intel Pentium 4 processors for high performance and cost-effective application. The North Bridge SIS 650(IGUI) provides a completely integrated solution for the system controller and data path components in a processor system. The South Bridge, SIS 961, provides two Ultra ATA 33/66/100

IDE master interface, full Plug-and-Play compatibility 8042keyboard controller with PS/2 keyboard/mouse port, and Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller (APIC) interface on WSB-7651. It also supports 2-port Universal

Serial Bus (USB), PCI 2.1 Compliance operation and internal Real-time Clock (RTC) to maintain date and time of system.

The LPC Super I/O chip ITE8705F integrates two high-speed serial ports, one parallel port, one SIR interface, and

FDD interface. The parallel port supports one PC-compatible printer port (SPP), Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) and

Extended Capabilities Port (ECP). In addition, it offers H/W monitoring function for system operation.

LPC to ISA Bridge, Winbond W83626F, provides 16-bit ISA bus slot and applied for all of slower I/O operations except for ISA Bus Master function. In AR-B1782, it contains Watch-dog Timer (WDT) feature enabled and activated by software setting, and supports Disk-On-Chip (DOC) socket for M-system Flash disk.

All of details operating relations are shown in Figure 1-1 AR-B1782 System Block Diagram.

Intel Pentium 4 Processor

(mPGA478)

VGA Display

RJ45

(10/100Mbps)

SIS650

MEMORY BUS DDR SDRAM DIMMX 2

PS/2 KB & MS

PHYCEIVER

MII INTERFACE

IDE X 2

(4 DEVICES)

AUDIO

CODEC

IDE BUS

AUDIO LINK

LINE IN

LINE OUT

MIC

CD IN

2 USB PORTS

2 PROPRIETARY

PCIs

4 PCI SLOTS

(PCI 2.1)

SIS961

LPC BUS

SUPER I/O

FDD (2 DEVICES)

PARALLEL PORT

2 COM PORTS

LPC-ISA

WDT

DOC

BIOS

BUFFER

ISA MAX BUS

ISA SLOTS

IR

Figure 1-1 System Block Diagram

6

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2. HARDWARE CONFIGURATION SETTING

This chapter gives the definitions and shows the positions of jumpers, headers and connectors. All of the configuration jumpers on AR-B1782 are in the proper position. The default settings shipped from factory are marked with an asterisk (

$).

2.1 JUMPERS

In general, jumpers on the single board computer are used to select options for certain features. Some of the jumpers are designed to be user-configurable, allowing for system enhancement. The others are for testing purpose only and should not be altered. To select any option, cover the jumper cap over (SHORT) or remove (NC) it from the jumper pins according to the following instructions. Here NC stands for “Not Connect”. (Please refer to

Figure 2-1 for jumper positions)

DIMM1

DIMM2

JP1

SIS

650

SIS

961

JP2

1

3

JP3

JP4

Socket 478

Proprietary PCI

Figure 2-1 Jumper Location

2.1.1 RTC CMOS Clear Jumper Setting (JP1)

1 1

2

3

Normal operation

2

3

Clear cmos contents

JP1 JP1

1-2 Normal

$

2-3 Clear CMOS contents

7

2.1.2 Disk-On-Chip Memory address Space Selection (JP2)

2

4

2

4

1

3

D0000-D1FFF

2

4

1

3

D2000-D3FFF

2

4

1

3

D4000-D5FFF

1

3

D6000-D7FFF

Memory address Space Pin 1-2 Pin 3-4

D0000-D1FFF

$ SHORT SHORT

D2000-D3FFF NC SHORT

D6000-D7FFF NC NC

8

2.1.3 Watch-Dog Timer Jumper Setting (JP4, JP3)

2 2

Disable Enable

1

JP3

1

JP3

JP4

Dis/Enable WDT function

NC

SHORT

2

Disable

Enable$

2

0543H 0443H

1

JP3

1

JP3

JP3

I/O address for S/W programming

NC

SHORT

0543H

0443H$

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2 CONNECTORS

I/O peripheral devices and Flash disk will be connected to these interface connectors and DOC socket located on this single board computer.

1

J5

J1

J4

13

DIMM1

DIMM2

J2

J7

J10

J13

J11

J3

J8 J6

J12

J14

J15

SIS

650

SIS

961

J17 J16

J21

J22

J24

J20

Socket 478 J23

Proprietary PCI

DOC (J25)

J26

Figure 2-2 Connector Locations

CONNECTOR

J1

J2

J3

FUNCTION

Front Panel interface

IDE1 (Primary) interface

Floppy connector

J5

J6

J7

J8

J9

J10

J11

J12

J13

J14

J15

J16

J17

J18

J21

J22

J23

J24

J25

J26

ATX12V power connector

External Audio signal interface

IDE2 (Secondary) interface

Parallel port connector

CPU Fan interface

Standard IrDA (Infrared) port

COM2 serial port

CD-ROM Audio in interface

ATX power button interface

External USB interface

COM1 serial interface

RJ-45 Ethernet connector

Proprietary PCI #2 interface

CPU (mPGA478) socket

ATX power control interface

Proprietary PCI #1 interface

System Fan interface

External Keyboard interface

M-SYSTEM Disk-On-Chip socket

PS/2 keyboard & mouse connector

REMARK

2x20 shrouded header

2x17 shrouded header

2x20 shrouded header

2x13 shrouded header

2x5 shrouded header

4-pin Mini-Din

2-pin Mini-Din

DSUB-9

DSUB-15

Connect to Backplane

Connect to Backplane

6-pin Mini-Din

9

2.2.1 Front Panel interface (J1)

1

1: Reset

2

2: Ground

3

4

3: Signal

4: NC

5

6

5: Ground

6: +5V

7

8

7: +5V(Pull-up for power LED)

8

:

NC

9

10

9: Ground

10: NC

11

12

13

11: Ground

12: +5V (Pull-up for HDD LED)

13: HDD active# (LED cathode terminal)

J1

PIN No. Signal Description

System reset

1 Reset

2 Ground

External speaker

3 Signal

4 NC

5 Ground

6 +5V

Power indicator

7 +5V (Pull-up for power LED)

8 NC

9 Ground

10 NC

11 Ground

IDE active indicator

12

13

+5V (Pull-up for HDD LED)

HDD active# (LED cathode terminal)

2.2.2 Power Connector (J4)

1

1: +12V

2: GND

2

3: GND

3

4: +5V

4

J4

PIN No. Signal Description

1 +12V

2 GND

3 GND

4 +5V

10

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2.3 ATX12V Power Connector (J5)

4 3

2 1

J5

PIN No. Signal Description

1 GND

2 GND

3 +12V

4 +12V

2.2.4 Parallel Port (J8)

2 26

1

25

PIN No. Signal Description

1 Strobe#

2 Data0

3 Data1

4 Data2

5 Data3

6 Data4

7 Data5

8 Data6

9 Data7

10 Acknowledge#

11 Busy

PIN No. Signal Description

14 Auto Form Feed#

17 Printer Select IN#

23 Ground

24 Ground

2.2.5 COM1 Serial Interface (J15)

1 2 3 4 5

PIN No.

1

2

6 7 8 9

Signal Description

Data Carrier Detect

Data Set Ready

4

6

Request To Send

Clear To Send

11

2.2.6 COM2 Interface (J11)

2 10

PIN No.

1

2

1

9

Signal Description

Data Carrier Detect

Data Set Ready

4 Request To Send

6

7

Clear To Send

Data Terminal Ready

9 Ground

2.2.7 CD-ROM Audio in (J12)

1

1: Left channel

2: GND

2

3: GND

3

4: Right channel

4

J4

PIN No. Signal Description

2 GND

3 GND

2.2.8 External USB (J14)

2 10

1

9

PIN No. Signal Description

1 +5V

3 USBP0-

5 USBP0+

7 Ground

9 Ground

PIN No. Signal Description

2 Ground

4 Ground

6 USBP1+

8 USBP1-

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

12

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2.9 CPU/System FAN (J9/J23)

1

1: GND

2: +12V

2

3: +5V

3

J9

PIN No. Signal Description

1 Ground

2 +12V

2.2.10 Standard IrDA (J10)

1

1: +5V

2: NC

2

3: IRRX

3

4: Ground

4

5:IRTX

5

6:NC

6

J10

PIN No. Signal Description

1 +5V

2 NC

3 IRRX

4 Ground

5 IRTX

6 NC

13

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2.11 Ethernet RJ-45 Connector (J16)

The Ethernet RJ-45 connectors are the standard network headers. The following table is the pin assignment.

8 1

RJ-45 Pin Assignment

LAN1, LAN2 FUNCTION

1 TPTX+

3 TPRX+

2.2.12 ATX power controller (J21)

1

1: Power good

2: +5V stand-by

2

3: Power-on

3

4:control

4

J21

PIN No. Signal Description

4 Ground

2.2.13 External keyboard (J24)

1

1:

Keyboard clock

2:

Keyboard data

2

3:

NC

3

4:

Ground

4

5:

+5V

4

J24

PIN No. Signal Description

3 NC

14

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2.14 Proprietary PCI interface #1 / #2(J22/J17)

PIN No. Signal Description

1 +12V

PIN No. Signal Description

2 AGND

3 +12V

5 VSYNC

7 GND

9 HSYNC

11 PCICLK

13 GND

15 PREQ

17 AD31

19 AD29

21 DEVSEL

23 AD27

25 AD25

27 C/BE3

29 +3.3V

31 +3.3V

33 AD23

35 AD21

37 AD19

39 GND

41 AD17

43 C/BE2

45 IRDY

47 PERR

49 SERR

51 C/BE1

53 AD14

55 AD12

57 GND

59 AD10

61 AD8

63 GND

65 AD7

67 AD5

69 AD3

71 AD1

73 +5V

75 +5V

77 +5V

79 +5V

4 AGND

6 RED

8 GREEN

12 GND

14 PIRQ

16 PGNT

18 PCIRESET

20 +3.3V

22 +3.3V

24 AD30

26 AD28

28 GND

30 AD26

32 AD24

34 IDSEL

36 AD22

38 AD20

40 GND

42 AD18

44 AD16

46 FRAME

48 TRDY

50 PAR

52 STOP

54 AD15

56 AD13

58 AD11

60 LOCK

62 AD9

64 C/BE0

66 AD6

68 AD4

70 GND

72 AD2

74 AD0

76 GND

78 +3.3V

80 +3.3V

15

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2.14 PS/2 Keyboard & Mouse (J26)

KM

1 KDT

2 MDT

1

2

3 4

3 GND

4 VCC

5 KCLK

6 MCLK

5

6

Front View

PIN No. Signal Description

3 Ground

4 +5V

2.2.15 Hard Disk (IDE) Connector (J2/J7)

A 40-pin header type connector (J2/J7) is provided to interface with up to two embedded hard disk drives (IDE

AT bus). This interface, through a 40-pin cable, allows the user to connect up to two drives in a “daisy chain” fashion. To enable or disable the hard disk controller, please use the BIOS Setup program. The following table illustrates the pin assignments of the hard disk drive’s 40-pin connector.

2 40

1

Pin Signal Pin

39

Signal

9 DATA 4 10 DATA 11

16

33 SA Used

35 SA 2

37 CS 1

39 HD LED A 40 GROUND

Hard Disk (J2/J7) Connector

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

2.2.16 FDD Port Connector (J3)

The AR-B1782 provides a 34-pin header type connector for supporting up to two floppy disk drives.

To enable or disable the floppy disk controller, please use the BIOS Setup program.

2 34

1 33

J3: FDD Port connector

Pin Signal

1-33(odd) GROUND

2

4

6

DRVEN 0

NOT USED

DRVEN 1

Pin Signal

18 DIRECTION

20

22

24

-STEP OUTPUT PULSE

-WRITE DATA

-WRITE GATE

-WRITE PROTECT

-READ DATA

-SIDE 1 SELECT

DISK CHANGE

10

12

14

16

-MOTOR ENABLE 0

-DRIVE SELECT 1

-DRIVE SELECT 0

-MOTOR ENABLE 1

FDD Pin Assignment

2.2.17 VGA Interface (J20)

5 1

28

30

32

34

10

6

15 11

2 Green 7 GND 12 N.C

17

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

3. SYSTEM INSTALLATION

This chapter provides you with instructions on how to setup your system. The additional information shows you how to install M-System flash disk and handle WDT operation in software application program.

3.1 CPU

Installing Pentium 4 CPU:

(1) Lift the handling lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end.

(2) Align the processor pins with pinholes on the socket. Make sure that the notched corner or dot mark (pin 1) of the CPU corresponds to the socket’s bevel end. Then press the CPU gently until it fits into place. If this operation is not easy or smooth, do not do it forcibly. Before installation, you need to check and rebuild the CPU pin uniformly.

(3) Push down the lever to lock processor chip into the socket.

(4) Follow the installation guide of cooling fan or heat sink to mount it on CPU surface and lock it on the socket

478.

(5) Be sure to follow particular CPU speed to adjust the items CPU/DRAM Base Frequency in ADVANCED

CHIPSET SETUP DEFAULTS in HIFLEX BIOS setup properly.

3.1.2 Removing CPU

(1) Unlock the cooling fan first.

(2) Lift the lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end.

(3) Carefully lifts up the existing CPU to remove it from the socket.

(4) Follow the steps of installing a CPU to change to another one or place handling bar to close the opened socket.

3.2 MAIN MEMORY

AR-B1782 provides 2 DDR SDRAM modules (184-pin Dual In-line Memory Module) to support 2.5V DDR RAM

(Double Data Rate) as on-board main memory. The memory capacity is ranged from 128MB to 1GB with using

16Mb/64Mb/128Mb/256Mb technology. It supports up to 2 double-sided DDR RAM at 133MHz system memory bus. The memory architecture adopts 64-bit data interface to support for x8 and x16 DDR RAM device width. In addition, it also supports Un-buffered, Non-ECC DDR RAM and Enhanced Open page arbitration DDR RAM paging scheme.

For system compatibility and stability, do not use memory module without brand. You can also use the single or double-side DIMM .The two DDR RAMs can be out of order to install on DIMM socket. Certainly, you can also install different size of DDR RAM module on DIMM1, DIMM2 or all to boot up system.

Watch out the contact and lock integrity of memory module with socket, it will impact on the system reliability.

Follow normal procedure to install your DDR RAM module into memory socket. Before locking, make sure that the module has been fully inserted into the DIMM slot.

NOTE: For maintaining system stability, do not change any of DDR RAM parameters in BIOS setup to upgrade your system performance without acquiring technical information.

3.3 M-SYSTEM FLASH DISK

AR-B1782 reserves on 32-pin DIP socket for installing M-System flash disk from 8MB (DOC 2000 and DOC

Millennium) to 576MB (DOC 2000 only). This operation architecture is running with pure ISA bus without PnP

(Plug and Play) function. Before installing, make certain that I/O address jumper setting is set on right position to prevent unworkable system due to I/O resource conflict. Do remember to follow DOC (Disk-On-Chip). Installation procedure. Otherwise, the flash chip is possible to be burned out due to incorrect installation.

Installing DOC

Align the DOC with pinholes on the socket. Make sure that the notched corner or dot mark (pin 1) of DOC corresponds to notched corner of the socket. Then press the DOC gently until it fits into place. If installation procedure is correct, the flash disk can be viewed as a normal hard disk to access read/write data.

WARNING: Please ensure that your DOC is properly inserted. Placing DOC in reverse will cause sever damage it.

If you want to boot from flash disk, it is necessary to refer to the application note from M-System. You can easily obtain relative information from M-System shipping package (such as product manual) or web site http://www.m-sys.com

.

18

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

3.4 INSTALLING THE SINGLE BOARD COMPUTER

To install your AR-B1782 into standard chassis or proprietary environment, you need to perform the following steps:

(1) Check all jumpers setting on proper position

(2) Install and configure CPU and memory module on right position

(3) Place AR-B1782 into the dedicated position in your system

(4) Attach cables to existing peripheral devices and secure it

WARNING: Please ensure that your SBC properly inserted and fixed by mechanism. Otherwise, the system might be unstable or do not work from bad contact of golden finger.

3.4.1 SIS 650 Integrated Graphic Controller

The on-board graphics controller integrated in SIS 650(IGUI) chipset that integrates high performance memory technology for the graphics frame buffer, 32-bit data interface, and sharing system DDR RAM. The AR-B1782 is designed to support high performance graphics and video acceleration for all supported display resolutions, display types, and color modes on CRT monitor.

The SIS 650 supports the modes, which appear in the table below.

MAX. Bits Per Pixel (Frequency in Hz)

Resolution

8-bit Indexed 16-bit 32-bit

320x240 85

512x384 85

400x300 85

640x480 85

800x480 85

800x600 85

1024x576 85

1024x768 85

1280x1024 85

1600x1200 85

1920x1440 85

2048x1536 75

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

85 85

75 75

3.4.2 SIS 961 Integrated Ethernet Controller

The SIS 961 is fully integrated 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX LAN solution. The 32-bit PCI controller provides enhanced scatter-gather bus mastering capabilities and enables the SIS 961 to perform high-speed data transfers over the PCI bus. Its bus master capabilities enable the component to process high level commands and perform multiple operations, which lower CPU utilization by off-loading communication tasks from the CPU.

The AR-B1782 provides two LED indicators on RJ-45 connector to show LAN interface status. These messages will give you a guide for troubleshooting.

Yellow LED

indicates transmit and receive activity.

Blinking: indicates transmit/receive activity

On: indicates no activity but link is valid

Off: link is invalid

Green LED indicates Link speed

On: link speed at 100Mbps

Off: link speed at 10Mbps

19

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

3.4.3 Drivers Support

AR-B1782 provides one CD-Title to support on-board peripheral device drivers in various operating systems.

Before installing the device drivers, please see the reference files in each sub-directory. You cannot install

drivers from CD-Title directly.

SIS 650 integrated graphic controller: Support Windows 9x, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, …

SIS 961 integrated Ethernet: Support Windows 9x, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, …

SIS 961 integrated AC97 controller: Support Dos, Windows 9x, Windows NT, Windows 2000, …

3.5 WATCH-DOG TIMER PROGRAMMING

To activate the Watch-Dog Timer (WDT) function, you have to program I/O port 443H or 543H, reference to section 2.1. After this feature is enabled, a system reset will be generated unless an application triggers the timer periodically within time-out period. This allows the system to restart in an orderly way in case of any abnormal condition is found.

This WDT comes with 63 possible ranges of time intervals from 1s to 63sec., which can be adjusted by software programming. It could be enabled and programmed by writing I/O port 443H or 543H to issue trigger continuously, and disabled by programming the same port. A tolerance of 10% timer limit must be considered. For instance, if the time-out interval is set to 1 second, the WDT trigger command must be issued within 700ms at least.

The below example gives you a reference algorithm for WDT programming via I/O port 443H in your application programs:

Enable WDT

Re-trigger WDT

OUT DX, AL

Disable WDT

OUT DX, AL

OUT DX, AL

20

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4. BIOS SETUP INFORMATION

AR-B1782 is equipped with the AMI BIOS stored in Flash ROM. These BIOS has a built-in setup program that allows users to modify the basic system configuration easily. This type of information is stored in CMOS RAM so that it is retained during power-off periods.

4.1 ENTERING SETUP

Turn ON or reboot the computer. When the message ”Hit<DEL>” if you want to run SETUP appears, press <DEL> key immediately to enter BIOS setup program.

If the message disappears before you respond, but you still wish to enter setup please restart the system to try

“COLD START” again by turning it OFF and then ON, or touch the “RESET” button. You may also restart from

“WARM START” by pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Del> keys simultaneously. If you do not press these keys at the proper time the system will not boot, an error message will be displayed and you will again be asked to,

Press <F1> to Run SETUP or Resume

In HIFLEX BIOS setup, you can use the keyboard to choose among these options, or modify the system parameters to match the options with your system. The table below will show you all of keystroke functions in

BIOS setup.

EDITING KEYS FUNCTION

<Tab>

←↑→↓

<Enter>

+ / -

Move to the next field

Move the next field to the left, above, right, or below

Select in the current field

Increments /Decrements a value

Close the current operation and return to previous

<Esc> level

<PgUp>

<PgDn>

<F2>/<F3>

Returns to the previous option

Advances to the next option

Select background color

<F10> menu

Show “Save current settings and exit(Y/N)” in main

4.2 MAIN MENU

Once you enter AR-B1782 AMI BIOS COMS Setup Utility, the Main Menu “Standard CMOS setup” will appear on the screen. The Main Menu allows you to select from eleven setup functions and two exit choices. Use arrow keys to switch the items and press

<Enter> key to accept or enter the sub-menu

NOTE: It is strongly recommended to reload optimal setting if CMOS is lost or BIOS is updated.

21

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.3 CMOS SETUP REFERENCE TABLE

This setup reference table includes all the Optimal, Failsafe, and other option settings in each BIOS setup item. It is every easy to take a look for cross-referencing. If you want to go to details, you can go directly by referring to the item description in sub-section.

4.4 ADVANCED CMOS SETUP DEFAULTS

BIOS Setup Items

Quick Boot

1st Boot Device

2nd Boot Device

3rd Boot Device

Try Other Boot Device

Floppy Access Control

Hard Disk Access Control

S.M.A.R.T. for Hard Disks

BootUp Num-Lock

Floppy Drive Swap

Floppy Drive Seek

PS/2 Mouse Support

System Keyboard

Primary Display

Password Check

Boot To OS/2

System BIOS Cacheable

C000, 16K Shadow

C400, 16K Shadow

C800, 16K Shadow

CC00, 16K Shadow

D000, 16K Shadow

D400, 16K Shadow

D800, 16K Shadow

DC00, 16K Shadow

Optimal Default Failsafe Default

Enabled Disabled

IDE0

Floppy

CDROM

Yes

Read-Write

Read-Write

Disabled

On

Disabled

Disabled

Enabled

Absent

Absent

Setup

No

Enabled

Cached

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Floppy

IDE0

CDROM

Yes

Read-Write

Read-Write

Disabled

On

Disabled

Disabled

Enabled

Absent

Absent

Setup

No

Disabled

Cached

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Other Options

IDE1, IDE2, IDE3,

CDROM, ATAPI ZIP,

LS-120, SCSI, Network …

IDE-1, …, CDROM

IDE-1, …, ATAPI ZIP

No

Read-Only

Read-Only

Enabled

Off

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled

Present

VGA/EGA, …, Mono

Always

Yes

Enabled, Disabled

Cached, Enabled

Cached, Enabled

Cached, Enabled

Cached, Enabled

Cached, Enabled

Cached, Enabled

Cached, Enabled

22

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.5 ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP DEFAULTS

BIOS Setup Items

Clock Spread Spectrum

Optimal Default Failsafe Default

Disabled Disabled

Other Options

Enabled

CPU/DRAM Base

Frequency

CPU Multiple Factory

Share Memory Size

Graphic Win Size

100MHz/133MHz,

100MHz/100MHz 100MHz/100MHz

100MHz/166MHz,

133MHz/100MHz,

133MHz/133MHz, …

H/W Trap

32MB

64MB

H/W trap

32MB

64MB

X12, X13, X14, …

8MB, 16MB, 64MB

4MB, 8MB, 16MB,

32MB, 64MB, 128MB

4.6 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP DEFAULTS

23

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

BIOS Setup Items

Power Switch Type

Optimal Default

Suspend

Failsafe Default

Suspend

Other Options

On/Off

ACPI Aware O/S Yes Yes No

Power Enabled Enabled Disabled

Standby Time Out

Suspend Time Out

Display Time Out

Hard Disk Time Out

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15 Min.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, … 30 Min.

1, 2, 5, 10, 15 Min.

Enabled

On Board Audio

On Board Peripheral(s)

Resume on Modem Ring

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled 1, 2, 5, 10, 15 Min

Power Off Power On, Last State Restore on AC/Power Loss Power Off

4.7 PCI / PLUG AND PLAY SETUP DEFAULTS

24

BIOS Setup Items

Plug and Play Aware O/S

PCI Latency Timer (PCI

Clocks)

Primary Graphics Adapter

PCI VGA Palette Snoop

Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA

PCI IDE BusMaster

DMA Channel 0

DMA Channel 1

DMA Channel 3

DMA Channel 5

DMA Channel 6

DMA Channel 7

IRQ3

IRQ4

IRQ5

IRQ7

IRQ9

IRQ10

IRQ11

IRQ12

IRQ14

IRQ15

Optimal Default Failsafe Default Other Options

No No Yes

No No Yes

32, 96, 128, 160,

64 64

192,224, 248

PCI PCI AGP

Disabled

No

Enabled

PnP

PnP

PnP

PnP

PnP

PnP

PCI/ PnP

Disabled

No

Disabled

PnP

PnP

PnP

PnP

PnP

PnP

PCI/ PnP

Enabled

Yes

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

PCI/ PnP

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

ISA/ EISA

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.8 PERIPHERAL SETUP DEFAULTS

BIOS Setup Items Optimal Default Failsafe Default Other Options

Audio Device

Ethernet Device

USB Device

USB Function

USB KB/Mouse/FDD

Legacy Support

On Board FDC

Enabled

Enabled

Enabled

Enabled

Enabled

Enabled

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

Disabled

On Board Serial Port A

On Board Serial Port B

Serial Port 2 Mode

On Board Parallel Port

Auto

3F8h/COM1

2F8h/COM2

Normal

378h

Auto

3F8h/COM1

2F8h/COM2

Normal

378h

Enabled, Disabled

Auto, 2F8h/COM2,

3E8h/COM3,

2E8h/COM4,

Disabled

Auto, 3F8h/COM1,

3E8h/COM3, 2E8h/COM4,

Disabled

IrDA, ASK-IR

Auto, Disabled, 278h,

3BCh

EPP, ECP

5

Parallel Port Mode

Parallel Port IRQ

Parallel Port DMA

Channel

EPP+ECP

7

3

SPP

7

N/A 0, 1, 3

Disabled, Primary,

On Board IDE Both Both

Secondary

4.9 STANDARD CMOS SETUP MENU

This setup page includes all the items in standard compatible BIOS. Use the arrow keys to highlight the item and then use the <PgUp>/<PgDn> or <+>/<-> keys to select the value or number you want in each item and press

<Enter> key to certify it.

Follow command keys in CMOS Setup table to change Date, Time, Drive type, and Boot Sector Virus Protection

Status.

25

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.10 ADVANCED CMOS SETUP MENU

This setup includes all of the advanced features in the system. The detail descriptions are specified as below

Quick Boot

When enabled, speeds up the booting procedure by shortening or skipping some check items during POST.

1st Boot Device

2nd Boot Device

3rd Boot Device

Try Other Boot Device

These items allow you to set the sequence of booting, i.e., which drive to search first for the operating system.

Or look for other drive (device) to search for an operating system.

Floppy Access Control

Hard Disk Access Control

These items allow you to set Floppy and Hard Disk access mode. You can set Floppy and Hard Disk full control.

Or make them read only.

S.M.A.R.T for Hard Disks

This allows you to activate the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring Analysis & Reporting Technology) capability for the hard disks. S.M.A.R.T is a utility that monitors your disk status to predict hard disk failure. This gives you an opportunity to move data from a hard disk that is going to fail to a safe place before the hard disk becomes offline.

Boot Up Num-Lock

This item sets if the Num Lock key will be automatically activated after system startup.

Floppy Drive Swap

This feature allows you to exchange the drive names of the two floppy disk drives, if installed. Make sure that

Drive A and Drive B item in the “Standard CMOS Setup” menu are updated accordingly.

Floppy Drive Seek

This item sets if the system will verify if the floppy disk drive type is 40 or 80 track type during POST. The 360 KB diskette is 40 tracks while 720 KB, 1.2 MB and 1.44 MB are all 80 tracks.

PS/2 Mouse Support

This item enables or disables the IRQ12 for PS/2 mouse.

System Keyboard

This item sets if the system will verify PS/2 keyboard present.

Primary Display

This item sets if the system will verify graphic card present.

Password Check

This option enables the password checking when the system boots up or runs CMOS Setup. It only takes effect after setting Change Supervisor Password.

(1) Setup:

This option will force system to check password before running Setup if you have already entered the current user password in “Change User Password”. By that time, the system will be only able to boot

(2) but deny accessing Setup.

Always:

Password prompt appears every boot-up. The system will not boot and deny access

Setup with invalid password. The best way is to clear CMOS or try to reload BIOS Setup to boot up system.

Boot To OS/2

This item allows you to access the memory that is over 64 MB in OS/2

System BIOS Cacheable

Selecting enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at F000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes to this memory area, a system error may result.

Shadow Memory (from address C000~DFFF, 16K per segment)

Each of segments provides three options “Disabled”, “Enabled”, and “Cached” for faster adapter’s ROM execution.

However this shadow function is Chipset oriented and dependent on system hardware feature. In general, C000 and C800 will be allocated for VGA BIOS and set to Cached to get higher display performance by shadowing and caching feature. If user chooses Enabled setting, only BIOS shadow function is active.

26

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.11 ADVANCED CHIPSET SETUP MENU

This setup is very important to keep system stability. If you are not technical person, do not attempt to change any parameters. Best suggestion is to choose optimal default setting.

Clock Spread Spectrum

The Spread Spectrum function reduces the EMI generated by modulating the pulses so that the spikes of the pulses are reduced to flatter curves.

CPU/DRAM Base Frequency

This setting controls the clock speed of the CPU Host (FSB)/DDR SDRAM memory bus.

CPU Multiple Factory

Users adjust the ratio of processor. In normal situation, this item is unchangeable.

Share Memory Size

The system shares memory to the onboard VGA device. This setting controls the exact memory size shared to the

VGA device

Graphic Win Size

This setting controls just how much system RAM can be allocated to AGP for video purposes. The aperture is a portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated to graphics memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP without any translation.

4.12 POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP MENU

The “POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP” menu allows you to configure the system to save energy while operating in a manner consistent with your own style of computer usage.

Power Switch Type

Using ATX power supply, this item is used to handle soft power on/off regardless of time counting (generally speaking, it is 4 sec) if you set it to On/Off. You can easily power on/off system by pressing power button (toggle switch) directly. This feature is only available on system with ATX power control interface. If you use standard AT power supply, this option will be ignored. However choose the “Suspend” setting, and system will be forced into suspend mode when user turn it off, unless you can consecutively press the power button for more than 4 seconds to get in Soft off function.

ACPI Aware O/S

This item enables or disables ACPI (Advanced Configuration Power Interface) – a power management standard used by Windows 98 or later.

Power Management

If Advanced Power Management (APM) is installed in your system, selecting enabled gives better power management.

Standby Time Out

This option specifies the length of the period of system inactivity while the computer is in Full-On power state before the computer is placed in Standby mode. When this length of time expires, the computer enters Standby

Timeout state. In Standby mode, some power use is curtailed.

Suspend Time Out

This option is the same as Standby Timeout function. These two features will be enabled to control CPU throttle running function.

On Board Audio

This option is On Board Audio activity monitoring.

On Board Peripheral(s)

This option is On Board Peripheral(s) activity monitoring.

Resume on Modem Ring

This item will be used to wake up system from remote ringing control under Soft Off condition. If you choose

“Disabled” setting, the system will not resume by modem ring.

Restore on AC/Power Loss

This item specifies whether your system will reboot after a power failure or interrupt occurs.

27

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.13 PCI/PLUG AND PLAY SETUP

This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) is a system that allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing CPU’s when communicating with their own special components.

All of the options described in this section are important and technical, and it is strongly recommended that only experienced users could make any changes to the default settings.

Plug and Play Aware O/S

Set this option to “Yes” if the operating system installed in the computer is Plug and Play-aware. BIO only detects and enables PnP ISA adapter cards that are required for system boot. The Windows 95 operating system detects and enables all other PnP-aware adapter cards. Windows 95 is PnP-aware. Set this option to “No” if the operating system (such as DOS, OS/2, Windows 3.x) does not use PnP.

Note: You must set this option correctly, or PnP-aware adapter cards installed in your computer will not be configured properly.

Clear NVRAM

This option is used to clear NVRAM and check or update ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data) data after system power-On. Setting this option to No, will not clear NVRAM and the operation of update ESCD is effective as a different ESCD data comparison. If you select the “Yes” setting, the BIOS will update ESCD each time during power on.

PCI Latency Timer (PCI Clocks)

PCI latency timers are a mechanism for PCI bus-mastering devices to share the PCI bus bandwidth. If the latency timer is set too low, PCI devices will interrupt their transfers unnecessarily often, poor performance. If it's set too high, devices that require frequent bus access may overflow their buffers, losing data.

Primary Graphics Adapter

This item specifies which VGA card is your primary graphics adapter.

PCI VGA Palette Snoop

When set to Enabled, multiple VGA devices operating on different buses can handle data from the CPU on each set of palette registers on every video device.

NOTE: The setting must be set to Enabled if any ISA bus adapter in the system requires VGA palette snooping.

Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA

Select Enabled if your system has a VGA controller and you have one or more VGA devices connected. If you are not using your system’s VGA controller, select Disabled to free the IRQ resource.

DMA Resources

When system resources are controlled manually, assign each system DMA channel as one of the following types, depending on the device type using the interrupt:

Legacy ISA

devices compliant with the original PC AT bus specification requiring a specific DMA channel.

PCI/ISA PnP

devices compliant with the Plug-and-Play standard, whether designed for PCI or ISA bus architecture.

IRQ Resources

When system resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt as one of the following types, depending on the device type using the interrupt:

Legacy ISA

devices compliant with the original PC AT bus specification requiring specific interrupts (such as

IRQ4 for Serial Port 1).

PCI/ISA PnP

devices compliant with the Plug-and-Play standard, whether designed for PCI or ISA bus architecture.

28

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.14 PERIPHERAL SETUP

This section describes I/O resources assignment for all of on-board peripheral devices.

Audio Device

Ethernet Device

This item is active or inactive on board audio and Ethernet device.

USB Function

Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal Serial Bus (USB) controller and you have USB peripherals.

USB KM/Mouse/FDD Legacy Support

Set to Enabled if your need to use a USB keyboard/Mouse/FDD in the operating system that does not support or have any USB driver installed, such as DOS and SCO Unix.

On Board FDC

This item allows you to enable or disable the onboard floppy disk drive controller. Even when so equipped, if you added a higher performance controller, you will need to disable this feature.

On Board Serial Port A

On Board Serial Port B

This item allows you to set the input/output address and interrupt request line (IRQ) for the onboard serial port

(COM1/COM2) controller.

Serial Port 2 Mode

This item allows you to determine the Infrared (IR) function of the onboard input/output chip.

On Board Parallel Port

There are four optional settings for the on-board parallel port interface, and they are Parallel Port Mode, EPP

Version, Parallel Port IRQ, and Parallel Port DMA Channel which allowing user to select I/O base address manually.

Parallel Port Mode

This option specifies the parallel port mode. ECP and EPP are both bi-directional data transfer schemes that adhere to the IEEE P1284 specifications. This Parallel Port Mode includes four options “Normal”, “EPP+ECP”,

“EPP”, and “ECP”.

Normal:

Uni-direction operation at normal speed.

EPP:

The parallel port can be used with devices that adhere to the Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) specification.

EPP uses the existing parallel port signals to provide asymmetric bi-directional data transfer driven by the host device.

ECP:

The parallel port can be used with devices that adhere to the Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) specification. ECP uses the DMA protocol to achieve data transfer rates up to 2.5 Megabits per second. ECP provides symmetric bi-directional communicational.

Parallel Port IRQ

This option is only valid if the Onboard Parallel Port option is not set to Disabled. This option sets the IRQ used by the parallel port.

Parallel Port DMA Channel

This option is only available if On Board Parallel Port is set to fixed I/O address and the setting of Parallel Port

Mode is ECP. This option sets the DMA channel used by ECP-capable parallel port.

On Board PCI IDE

This option allows you enabled/disabled primary IDE or secondary IDE individually.

29

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

4.15 HARDWARE MONITOR SETUP

This setup detects current CPU surface temperature status by hardware monitor sensor. The status screen will show the followings:

! CPU Temperature

! System Temperature

! CPU Fan Speed

! System Fan Speed

! V core

! Vbat

! VCC3

! VCC

! +12V

! -12V

4.16 BIOS POST CHECK POINT LIST

AMIBIOS provides all IBM standard Power On Self Test (POST) routines as well as enhanced AMIBIOS POST routines. The POST routines support CPU internal diagnostics. The POST checkpoint codes are accessible via the Manufacturing Test Port (I/O port 80h).

Whenever a recoverable error occurs during the POST, the system BIOS will display an error message and explain the problem in detail so that the problem can be corrected.

During the POST, the BIOS signals a checkpoint by issuing one code to I/O address 80H. This code can be used to establish how far the BIOS has executed through the power-on sequence and what test is currently being performed. This is done to help troubleshoot the faulty system board.

If the BIOS detect a terminal error condition, it will halt the POST process and attempt to display the checkpoint code written to port 80H. If the system hangs before the BIOS detects the terminal error, the value at port 80H will be the last test performed. In this case, the terminal error cannot be displayed on the screen. The following POST checkpoint codes are valid for all AMIBIOS products with a core BIOS date of 07/15/95 version 6.27 (Enhanced).

Code

D0

D1

D3

D4

D5

D6

D7

D8

D9

Description

NMI is disabled. CPU ID saved. INIT code checksum verification will be started.

Initializing the DMA controller, performing the keyboard controller BAT test, starting memory refresh, and going to 4GB flat mode.

To start memory sizing.

Returning to real mode. Executing any OEM patches and setting the stack next.

Passing control to the uncompressed code in shadow RAM at E000:0000h. The INIT code is copied to segment 0 and control will be transferred to segment 0.

Control is in segment 0. Next, checking if <Ctrl><Home> was pressed and verifying the system BIOS checksum. If either <Ctrl><Home> was pressed or the system BIOS checksum is bad, next will go to checkpoint code E0h. Otherwise, going to checkpoint code D7h.

To pass control to interface module.

Main BIOS runtime code is to be decompressed.

Passing control to the main system BIOS in shadow RAM next.

Bootblock Recovery Codes

— T

he bootblock recovery checkpoint hex codes are listed in order of execution:

30

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

E1

E2

E6

ED

EE

EF

F0

F1

F3

F4

F5

FB

FC

FD

FF

Code

E0

F2

Description

The onboard floppy controller if available is initialized. Next, beginning the base

512KB memory test.

Initializing the interrupt vector table next.

Initializing the DMA and Interrupt controllers next.

Enabling the floppy drive controller and Timer IRQs. Enabling internal cache memory.

Initializing the floppy drive.

Start looking for a diskette in drive A: and read first sector of the diskette.

A read error occurred while reading the floppy drive in drive A: .

Next, searching for the AMIBOOT.ROM file in the root directory.

The AMIBOOT.ROM file is not in the root directory.

Next, reading and analyzing the floppy diskette FAT to find the clusters occupied by the AMIBOOT.ROM file.

Start reading AMIBOOT.ROM file, cluster by cluster.

The AMIBOOT.ROM file is not the correct size.

Next, disabling internal cache memory.

Next, detecting the type of Flash ROM.

Erasing the Flash ROM.

Programming the Flash ROM

Flash ROM programming was successful. Next, restarting the system BIOS.

Uncompressed Initialization Codes

The following runtime checkpoint hex codes are listed in order of execution. These codes are uncompressed in F0000h shadow RAM.

25

27

28

2A

Code

03

05

06

07

08

0B

0C

0E

0F

10

11

12

13

14

19

1A

23

24

Description

The NMI is disabled. Next, checking for a soft reset or a power on condition.

The BIOS stack has been built. Next, disabling cache memory.

Uncompressing the POST code next.

Next, initializing the CPU and the CPU data area.

The CMOS checksum calculation is done next.

Next, performing any required initialization before the keyboard BAT command is issued.

The keyboard controller input buffer is free. Next, issuing the BAT command to the keyboard controller.

The keyboard controller BAT command result has been verified. Next, performing any necessary INIT after the K/B controller BAT command test.

The keyboard command byte is written next.

Next, issuing the pin 23 and 24 blocking and unblocking commands.

Next, checking if the <End> or <Ins> keys were pressed during power on.

To initialize CMOS if the initialize CMOS RAM in every boot is set or the <End> key is pressed. Going to disable DMA and Interrupt controllers.

The video display has been disabled. Port B has been initialized. Next, initializing the chipset.

The 8254 timer test will begin next.

The 8254 timer test is over. Starting the memory refresh test next.

The memory refresh line is toggling. Checking the 15us on/off time next.

Reading the 8042 input port and disabling the MEGAKEY Green PC feature next. Making the BIOS code segment writable and performing any necessary configuration before initializing the interrupt vectors.

The configuration or setup required before interrupt vector initialization has completed.

Interrupt vector init is about to begin

Interrupt vector initialization is done. Clearing the password if the POST DIAG switch is on.

Any initialization before setting video mode to be done.

Going for monochrome mode and color mode setting.

Bus initialization system, static, output devices will be done next, if present.

31

32

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

34

37

38

39

3A

40

42

43

Code

2B

2C

2D

2E

2F

30

31

32

44

45

46

47

48

49

4B

4C

4D

4E

4F

50

51

52

53

54

57

Description

Passing control to the video ROM to perform any required configuration before the video

ROM test.

To look for optional video ROM and give control.

The video ROM has returned control to BIOS POST. Performing any required processing after the video ROM had control.

Completed podt-video ROM test processing. If the EGA/VGA controller is not found, performing the display memory read/write test next.

EGA/VGA not found. Display memory R/W test about to begin.

Display memory R/W test passed. Look for retrace checking next.

Display memory R/W test or retrace checking failed. To do alternate display retraces checking.

Alternate display memory R/W test passed. To look for the alternate display retrace checking.

Video display checking is over. Setting the display mode next.

The display mode is set. Displaying the power on message next.

Initializing the bus input, IPL, and general devices next, if present.

Displaying bus initialization error message.

The new cursor position has been read and saved. Displaying the Hit <DEL> message next.

Preparing the descriptor tables next.

Entering protected mode for the memory test next.

Entered protected mode. Enabling interrupts for diagnostics mode next.

Interrupts enabled if the diagnostics switch is on. Initializing data to check memory wraparound at 0:0 next.

Data initialized. Checking for memory wraparound at 0:0 and finding the total system memory size next.

The memory wraparound test has completed. The memory size calculation has been done.

Writing patterns to test memory next.

The memory pattern has been written to extended memory. Writing patterns to the base 640

KB memory test.

Patterns written in base memory. Determining the amount of memory below 1MB next.

The amount of memory below 1MB has been found and verified. Determining the amount of memory above 1MB memory next.

The amount of memory above 1MB has been found and verified. Checking for a soft reset and clearing the memory below 1MB for the soft reset next. If this is a power on situation, going to checkpoint 4Eh next.

The memory below 1MB has been cleared via a soft reset. Clearing the memory above

1MB next.

The memory above 1MB has been cleared via soft reset. Saving the memory size next.

Going to checkpoint 52h next.

The memory test started, but not as the result of a soft reset. Displaying the first 64KB memory size next.

Memory size display started. This will be updated during memory test. Performing the sequential and random memory test next.

Memory testing/initialization below 1MB completed. Going to adjust displayed memory size for relocation and shadowing.

The memory size display was adjusted for relocation and shadowing. Testing the memory above 1MB next.

The memory above 1MB has been tested and initialized. Saving the memory size information next.

The memory size information and the CPU registers are saved. Entering real mode next.

Shutdown was successful. The CPU is in real mode. Disabling the Gate A20 line, parity, and the NMI next.

The A20 address line, parity, and the NMI are disabled. Adjusting the memory size depending on relocation and shadowing next.

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

Code

58

59

60

62

65

66

7F

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

87

88

89

8B

8C

8D

8F

91

95

96

97

98

99

9A

9B

9C

9D

9E

A2

A3

A4

A5

Description

The memory size was adjusted for relocation and shadowing. Clearing the Hit <DEL> message next.

The Hit <DEL> message is cleared. The <WAIT…> message is displayed. Staring the DMA and interrupt controller test next.

The DMA page register test passed. To do DMA#1 base register test.

DMA#1 base register test passed. To do DMA#2 base register test.

DMA#2 base register test passed. To program DMA unit 1 and 2.

DMA unit 1 and 2 programming over. To initialize 8259 interrupt controller.

Extended NMI sources enabling is in progress.

The keyboard test has started. Clearing the output buffer and checking for stuck keys.

Issuing the keyboard reset command next.

A keyboard reset error or stuck key was found. Issuing the keyboard Controller interface test command next.

The keyboard controller interface test completed. Writing the command byte and initializing the circular buffer next.

Command byte written, Global data init done. To check for lock-key.

Locked key checking is over. Checking for a memory size mismatch with CMOS RAM data next.

The memory size check is done. Displaying a soft error and checking for a password or bypassing Setup next.

Password checked. About to do programming before setup.

The programming before Setup has completed. Uncompressing the Setup code and executing the AMIBIOS Setup utility next.

Returned from CMOS setup program and screen is cleared. About to do programming after setup.

The programming after Setup has completed. Displaying the power on Screen message next.

The first screen message has been displayed. The <WAIT…> message is displayed.

Performing the PS/2 mouse check and extended BIOS data area allocation check next.

Programming the Setup options next.

Going for hard disk controller reset.

Hard disk controller reset done. Floppy setup to be done next.

The floppy drive controller has been configured. Configuring the hard disk drive controller next.

Initializing the bus option ROMs from C800 next.

Initializing before passing control to the adaptor ROM at C800.

Initialization before the C800 adaptor ROM gains control has completed. The adaptor ROM check is next.

The adaptor ROM had control and has now returned control to BIOS POST. Performing any required processing after the option ROM returned control.

Any initialization required after the option ROM test has completed. Configuring the timer data area and printer base address next.

Return after setting timer and printer base address. Going to set the RS-232 base address.

Returned after setting the RS-232 base address. Performing any required Initialization before the Coprocessor test next.

Required initialization before the Coprocessor test is over. Initializing the Coprocessor next.

Coprocessor initialized. Going to do any initialization after Coprocessor test.

Initialization after the Coprocessor test is complete. Checking the extended Keyboard, keyboard ID, and Num Lock key next. Issuing the keyboard ID command next.

Displaying any soft errors next.

Soft error display complete. Going to set keyboard typematic rate.

Keyboard typematic rate set. To program memory wait states.

Memory wait state programming is over. Clearing the screen and enabling parity and the

NMI next.

33

AR-B1782 User’s Guide

Code

A7

A8

A9

AA

AB

AC

B0

B1

00

Description

NMI and parity enabled. Performing any initialization required before passing control to the adaptor ROM at E000 next.

Initialization before passing control to the adaptor ROM at E000h completed. Passing control to the adaptor ROM at E000h next.

Returned from adaptor ROM at E000h control. Performing any initialization required after the E000 option ROM had control next.

Initialization after E000 option ROM control has completed. Displaying the system configuration next.

Building the multiprocessor table, if necessary.

Uncompressing the DMI data and initializing DMI POST next.

The system configuration is displayed.

Copying any code to specific areas.

Code copying to specific areas is done. Passing control to INT 19 h boot loader next.

JUMPER/CONNECTOR QUICK REFERENCE

Jumper

JP1

JP2

JP3, JP4

Function

RTC CMOS Clear Jumper Setting

Disk-On-Chip Memory address space selection

Watch-Dog Timer Jumper Setting

Page

7

7

8

Connector

J1

J2, J7

J3

J11

J12

J13

J14

J15

J16

J17

J18

J5

J6

J8

J9

J10

J21

J22

J23

J24

J25

J26

Function

Front Panel interface

Hard Disk (IDE) Connector

FDD Port connector

ATX12V power connector

External audio signal interface

Parallel port connector

CPU Fan interface

Standard IrDA (Infrared) port

COM2 serial port

CD-ROM audio-in interface

ATX power button interface

External USB interface

COM1 Serial Interface

RJ-45 Ethernet connector

Proprietary PCI interface

CPU (mPGA478) socket

ATX power control interface

Proprietary PCI interface

System Fan interface

External Keyboard interface

M-system Disk-On-Chip socket

PS/2 keyboard & mouse connector

11

14

15

18

12

12

12

12

5

11

13

13

Page

10

16

17

10

11

17

14

15

13

14

19

16

Note:

If the content in setting is inconsistent with the CD-ROM. Please refer to the setting as the priority.

34

Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement

Table of contents