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1
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your choice of an AgriMetal 3 Point Hitch or Pull-Type Aerator to complement your
operation. This equipment has been designed and manufactured to meet the needs of a discerning turf
care industry.
Safe, efficient and trouble free operation of your AgriMetal Aerator requires that you and anyone else who
will be operating or maintaining the machine, read and understand the Safety, Operation, Maintenance
and Trouble Shooting information contained within the Operator's Manual.
3 Point Hitch
Pull-Type
This manual covers the Model FA 360, 480 and 600 3 Point Hitch and Pull-Type Aerators. Differrences
are covered where appropriate. Use the Table of Contents or Index as a guide to locate required information.
Keep this manual handy for frequent reference and to pass on to new operators or owners. Call your
AgriMetal Dealer or Distributor if you need assistance, information or additional copies of the manuals.
OPERATOR ORIENTATION - The directions left, right, front and rear, as mentioned throughout this
manual, are as seen from behind the tractor driver's seat and facing in the direction of travel.
1
2
SAFETY
SAFETY ALERT SYMBOL
This Safety Alert symbol means
ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
The Safety Alert symbol identifies
important safety messages on the
AgriMetal 3 Point Hitch or Pull-Type
Aerator and in the manual. When
you see this symbol, be alert to the
possibility of personal injury or
death. Follow the instructions in the
safety message.
Why is SAFETY important to you?
3 Big Reasons
SIGNAL WORDS:
Note the use of the signal words DANGER,
WARNING and CAUTION with the safety
messages. The appropriate signal word for
each message has been selected using the
following guide-lines:
Accidents Disable and Kill
Accidents Cost
Accidents Can Be Avoided
DANGER - Indicates an imminently hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
This signal word is to be limited to
the most extreme situations typically for machine components
which, for functional purposes,
cannot be guarded.
WARNING - Indicates a potentially hazardSI NO LEE INGLES, PIDA AYUDA
A AIGUIEN QUE SI LO LEA PARA
QUE LE TRADUZCA LAS
MIDIDAS DE SEGURIDAD.
ous situation that, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious
injury, and includes hazards that are
exposed when guards are removed.
It may also be used to alert against
unsafe practices.
CAUTION - Indicates a potentially hazardous
situation that, if not avoided, may
result in minor or moderate injury.
It may also be used to alert against
unsafe practices.
If you have any questions not answered in this manual or require additional copies or the manual is
damaged, please contact your dealer or AgriMetal Inc., 1006 Rue Principale, Wickham, Quebec, Canada,
J0C 1S0. Phone (819) 398-6883 or fax (819) 398-5311.
2
SAFETY
2.1
GENERAL SAFETY
YOU are responsible for the SAFE operation and
maintenance of your AgriMetal 3 Point Hitch or
Pull-Type Aerator. YOU must ensure that you and
anyone else who is going to operate, maintain or
work around the Aerator be familiar with the
operating and maintenance procedures and
related SAFETY information contained in this
manual. This manual will take you step-by-step
through your working day and alerts you to all
good safety practices that should be adhered to
while operating the Aerator.
1. Read and understand the
Operator’s Manual and all
safety signs before operating,
maintaining, adjusting or
unplugging the Aerator.
Remember, YOU are the key to safety. Good
safety practices not only protect you but also the
people around you. Make these practices a
working part of your safety program. Be certain
that EVERYONE operating this equipment is
familiar with the recommended operating and
maintenance procedures and follows all the safety
precautions. Most accidents can be prevented. Do
not risk injury or death by ignoring good safety
practices.
3. Have a fire extinguisher
available for use should the
need arise and know how to
use it.
•
Aerator owners must give operating instructions to operators or employees before
allowing them to operate the machine, and at
least annually thereafter per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
regulation 1928.57.
•
The most important safety device on this
equipment is a SAFE operator. It is the
operator’s responsibility to read and understand ALL Safety and Operating instructions
in the manual and to follow these. Most
accidents can be avoided.
•
A person who has not read and understood all
operating and safety instructions is not qualified to operate the machine. An untrained
operator exposes himself and bystanders to
possible serious injury or death.
•
Do not modify the equipment in any way.
Unauthorized modification may impair the
function and/or safety and could affect the life
of the equipment.
•
2. Have a first-aid kit available
for use should the need arise
and know how to use it.
4. Wear appropriate
protective gear.
This list includes but
is not limited to:
- A hard hat
- Protective shoes
with slip resistant
soles
- Protective glasses or goggles
- Heavy gloves
- Hearing protection
5. Do not allow riders.
6. Install and secure all guards before starting.
7. Wear suitable ear protection
for prolonged exposure to
excessive noise.
8. Place all controls in neutral, stop engine, set
park brake, remove ignition key and wait for
all moving parts to stop before servicing,
adjusting, repairing or unplugging.
Think SAFETY! Work SAFELY!
9. Clear the area of people, especially small
children, before starting the unit.
10. Review safety related items annually with all
personnel who will operating or maintaining
the Aerator.
3
2.2
EQUIPMENT SAFETY GUIDELINES
1. Safety of the operator and bystanders is one
of the main concerns in designing and developing a machine. However, every year many
accidents occur which could have been
avoided by a few seconds of thought and a
more careful approach to handling equipment.
You, the operator, can avoid many accidents
by observing the following precautions in this
section. To avoid personal injury or death,
study the following precautions and insist
those working with you, or for you, follow
them.
2. In order to provide a better view, certain
photographs or illustrations in this manual
may show an assembly with a safety shield
removed. However, equipment should never
be operated in this condition. Keep all shields
in place. If shield removal becomes necessary for repairs, replace the shield prior to
use.
3. Replace any safety sign or instruction sign
that is not readable or is missing. Location of
such safety signs is indicated in this manual.
4. Never use alcoholic beverages or drugs which
can hinder alertness or coordination while
operating this equipment. Consult your doctor
about operating this machine while taking
prescription medications.
5. Under no circumstances should young
children be allowed to work with this
equipment. Do not allow persons to
operate or assemble this unit until they
have read this manual and have developed
a thorough understanding of the safety
precautions and of how it works. Review
the safety instructions with all users annually.
6. This equipment is dangerous to children and
persons unfamiliar with its operation. The
operator should be a responsible, properly
trained and physically able person familiar
with machinery and trained in this equipment's
operations. If the elderly are assisting with
work, their physical limitations need to be
recognized and accommodated.
7. Use a tractor equipped with a Roll Over
Protective Structure (ROPS).
4
8. Never exceed the limits of a piece of machinery. If its ability to do a job, or to do so safely,
is in question - DON'T TRY IT.
9. Do not modify the equipment in any way.
Unauthorized modification result in serious
injury or death and may impair the function
and life of the equipment.
10. In addition to the design and configuration of
this implement, including Safety Signs and
Safety Equipment, hazard control and accident prevention are dependent upon the
awareness, concern, prudence, and proper
training of personnel involved in the operation,
transport, maintenance, and storage of the
machine. Refer also to Safety Messages and
operation instruction in each of the appropriate sections of the power unit, engine and
machine Manuals. Pay close attention to the
Safety Signs affixed to the power unit and the
machine.
2.3
SAFETY TRAINING
2.4
SAFETY SIGNS
1. Safety is a primary concern in the design and
manufacture of our products. Unfortunately,
our efforts to provide safe equipment can be
wiped out by a single careless act of an
operator or bystander.
1. Keep safety signs clean and legible at all
times.
2. In addition to the design and configuration of
equipment, hazard control and accident
prevention are dependent upon the awareness, concern, prudence and proper training
of personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of this equipment.
3. Replaced parts that displayed a safety sign
should also display the current sign.
3. It has been said, "The best
safety feature is an informed, careful operator."
We ask you to be that kind
of an operator. It is the
operator's responsibility to read and understand ALL Safety and Operating instructions
in the manual and to follow these. Accidents
can be avoided.
How to Install Safety Signs:
4. Working with unfamiliar equipment can lead to
careless injuries. Read this manual, and the
manual for your power unit, before assembly
or operating, to acquaint yourself with the
machines. If this machine is used by any
person other than yourself, or is loaned or
rented, it is the machine owner's responsibility
to make certain that the operator, prior to
operating:
a. Reads and understands the operator's
manuals.
b. Is instructed in safe and proper use.
2. Replace safety signs that are missing or have
become illegible.
4. Safety signs are available from your authorized Distributor or Dealer Parts Department or
the factory.
•
Be sure that the installation area is clean and
dry.
•
Be sure temperature is above 50°F (10°C).
•
Determine exact position before you remove
the backing paper.
•
Remove the smallest portion of the split
backing paper.
•
Align the sign over the specified area and
carefully press the small portion with the
exposed sticky backing in place.
•
Slowly peel back the remaining paper and
carefully smooth the remaining portion of the
sign in place.
•
Small air pockets can be pierced with a pin
and smoothed out using the piece of sign
backing paper.
5. Know your controls and how to stop power
unit and machine quickly in an emergency.
Read this manual and the one provided with
your power unit.
6. Train all new personnel and review instructions frequently with existing workers. Be
certain only a properly trained and physically
able person will operate the machinery. A
person who has not read and understood all
operating and safety instructions is not qualified to operate the machine. An untrained
operator exposes himself and bystanders to
possible serious injury or death. If the elderly
are assisting with work, their physical limitations need to be recognized and accommodated.
5
2.5
PREPARATION
1. Never operate the power unit and machine
until you have read and completely understand this manual, the Power Unit Operator's
Manual, and each of the Safety Messages
found on the safety signs on the power unit
and machine.
2. Personal
protection
equipment
including hard
hat, safety
glasses, safety
shoes, and
gloves are
recommended
during assembly, installation, operation,
adjustment, maintaining, repairing, removal,
or moving the implement. Do not allow long
hair, loose fitting clothing or jewellery to be
around equipment.
3. PROLONGED EXPOSURE
TO LOUD NOISE MAY
CAUSE PERMANENT
HEARING LOSS!
Power Units with or without
equipment attached can
often be noisy enough to
cause permanent, partial
hearing loss. We recommend that you wear
hearing protection on a full-time basis if the
noise in the Operator's position exceeds
80db. Noise over 85db on a long-term basis
can cause severe hearing loss. Noise over
90db adjacent to the Operator over a longterm basis may cause permanent, total
hearing loss. NOTE: Hearing loss from loud
noise (from tractors, chain saws, radios, and
other such sources close to the ear) is cumulative over a lifetime without hope of natural
recovery.
4. Operate the machine only
with a tractor equipped with
an approved Roll-OverProtective Structure (ROPS).
Always wear your seat belt.
Serious injury or even death
could result from falling off
the tractor ---particularly
during a turnover when the operator could be
pinned under the ROPS or the tractor.
6
5. Clear working area of stones, branches or
hidden obstacles that might be hooked or
snagged, causing injury or damage.
6. Operate only in daylight or good artificial light.
7. Be sure machine is properly mounted, adjusted and in good operating condition.
8. Ensure that all safety shielding and safety
signs are properly installed and in good
condition.
2.6
STORAGE SAFETY
1. Store the unit in an area away from human
activity.
2. Do not permit children to play on or around
the stored machine.
3. Store the unit in a dry, level area. Support the
frame with planks if required.
4. Cover with a weather-proof tarpaulin and tie
down securely.
2.7
OPERATING SAFETY
1. Please remember it is important that you read
and heed the safety signs on the Aerator.
Clean or replace all safety signs if they cannot
be clearly read and understood. They are
there for your safety, as well as the safety of
others. The safe use of this machine is strictly
up to you, the operator.
2. All things with moving parts are potentially
hazardous. There is no substitute for a
cautious, safe-minded operator who recognizes potential hazards and follows reasonable safety practices. The manufacturer has
designed this Aerator to be used with all its
safety equipment properly attached, to minimize the chance of accidents. Study this
manual to make sure you have all safety
equipment attached.
3. If a safety shield or guard is removed for any
reason, it must be replaced before the machine is again operated.
10. A heavy load can cause instability of the
power unit. Use extreme care during travel.
Slow down on turns and watch out for bumps.
The power unit may need front counterweights to counterbalance the weight of the
machine.
11. Never use alcoholic beverages or drugs which
can hinder alertness or coordination while
operating this equipment. Consult your doctor
about operating this machine while taking
prescription medications.
12. Do not allow riders on the
machine or power unit at any
time. There is no safe place
for any riders.
13. Before you operate the machine, check over
all pins, bolts, and connections to be sure all
are securely in place. Replace any damaged
or worn parts immediately.
4. When the use of hand tools is required to
perform any part of assembly, installation,
adjustment, maintaining, repairing, removal,
or moving, be sure the tools used are designed and recommended by the tool manufacturer for that specific task.
14. Keep all hydraulic lines, fittings and couplers
tight and free of leaks before using.
5. Personal protection equipment including
hearing protection, hard hat, safety glasses,
safety shoes, and gloves are recommended
during assembly, installation, operation,
adjustment, maintaining, repairing, removal,
or moving. Do not allow long hair, loose fitting
clothing, or jewellery to be around moving
parts.
16. Never allow children to operate or be around
this machine.
6. Always use two people to handle heavy,
unwieldy components during assembly,
installation, removal or moving.
15. Do not allow anyone who is not familiar with
the safety rules and operation instructions to
use this machine.
17. Do not place hands or feet under the machine
at any time. Keep others away also.
18. Clear the work area of objects which might be
picked up and snagged or entangled in the
machine.
19. Keep hands, feet, hair, jewellery, and clothing
away from all moving and/or rotating parts.
7. Never place any part of your body where it
would be in danger if movement should occur
during assembly, installation, operation,
maintaining, repairing, removal or moving.
8. Never place yourself between the power unit
and machine while machine is in operation.
9. Place all controls in neutral, stop engine, set
park brake, remove ignition key and wait for
all moving parts to stop before servicing,
adjusting, repairing or unplugging.
7
2.8
TRANSPORT SAFETY
1. Comply with state and local laws governing
highway safety and movement of machinery
on public roads.
2.9
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
1. Good maintenance is your responsibility.
Poor maintenance is an invitation to trouble.
2. Follow good shop practices.
2. The use of flashing amber lights is acceptable
in most localities. However, some localities
prohibit their use. Local laws should be
checked for all highway lighting and marking
requirements.
3. At all times when driving the power unit and
equipment on the road or highway under 20
mph (32 kph), use flashing amber warning
lights and a slow moving vehicle (SMV)
identification emblem. Do not exceed 20 mph
(32 kph). Reduce speed on rough roads and
surfaces.
4. Plan your route to avoid heavy traffic.
5. Use mounting or draw bar pins with provisions
for a retainer. Install the retainer.
6. Do not drink and drive.
7. Be a safe and courteous driver. Always yield
to oncoming traffic in all situations, including
narrow bridges, intersections, etc. Watch for
traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
8. Turn into curves or go up or down hills only at
a low speed and at a gradual steering angle.
Make certain that at least 20% of the power
unit's weight is on the front wheels to maintain
safe steerage. Slow down on rough or
uneven surfaces.
9. Never allow riders on either tractor or machine.
- Keep service
area clean and
dry.
- Be sure electrical
outlets and tools
are properly
grounded.
- Use adequate
light for the job at
hand.
3. Make sure there is plenty of ventilation.
Never operate an engine in a closed building.
The exhaust fumes may cause asphyxiation.
4. Before working on this machine, shut off the
engine, set the brakes, and remove the
ignition keys.
5. Never work under equipment unless it is
blocked securely.
6. Always use personal protection devices such
as eye, hand and hearing protectors, when
performing any service or maintenance work.
Always wear heavy gloves when handling
tines or knives.
7. Where replacement parts are necessary for
periodic maintenance and servicing, genuine
factory replacement parts must be used to
restore your equipment to original specifications. The manufacturer will not be responsible for injuries or damages caused by use of
unapproved parts and/or accessories.
8. A fire extinguisher
and first aid kit
should be kept
readily accessible
while performing
maintenance on
this equipment.
9. Periodically tighten all bolts, nuts and screws
and check that all cotter pins are properly
installed to ensure unit is in a safe condition.
8
10. When completing a maintenance or service
function, make sure all safety shields and
devices are installed before placing unit in
service.
2.10
SIGN-OFF FORM
AgriMetal follows the general Safety Standards specified by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers
(ASAE) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Anyone who will be operating and/
or maintaining the 3 Point Hitch and Pull-Type Aerators must read and clearly understand ALL Safety,
Operating and Maintenance information presented in this manual.
Do not operate or allow anyone else to operate this equipment until such information has been reviewed.
Annually review this information before the season start-up.
Make these periodic reviews of SAFETY and OPERATION a standard practice for all of your equipment. We
feel that an untrained operator is unqualified to operate this machine.
A sign-off sheet is provided for your record keeping to show that all personnel who will be working with the
equipment have read and understand the information in the Operator’s Manual and have been instructed in
the operation of the equipment.
SIGN-OFF FORM
DATE
EMPLOYEES SIGNATURE
EMPLOYERS SIGNATURE
9
3
SAFETY SIGN LOCATIONS
The types of safety signs and locations on the equipment are shown in the illustrations that follow. Good
safety requires that you familiarize yourself with the various safety signs, the type of warning and the
area, or particular function related to that area, that requires your SAFETY AWARENESS.
• Think SAFETY! Work SAFELY!
B
A
B
A
CAUTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Read Operator's Manual before starting.
Keep hands, feet, hair and clothing away
from coring tines, knives and moving parts.
Keep others away.
Stop engine, place all controls in neutral, set
park brake, remove ignition key and wait for
all moving parts to stop before servicing,
adjusting, repairing or unplugging the
machine.
Do not allow riders on machine or tractor.
Block up machine securely before working
under it or on coring tines or knives.
Review safety instructions annually.
ATTENTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Lire attentivent le manuel d'opération avant la mise en
marche.
Garder les mains, pieds, cheveux et vêtements
éloignés des cuillères, couteaux, et de toutes piéces en
mouvement.
Garder les gens éloignés.
Arrêter le moteur, placer tous les contrôles à la position
"neutre", enlever la clé du contact et attendre que
toutes les pièces solent au point mort avant de faire
tout ajustement, réparation ou de débloquer la machine.
Ne jamais laisser monter un passager sur la machine
ou sur le tracteur.
Immobiliser la machine de façon sécuritaire avant de
travailler sous celle-ci ou sur les cuillèrres ou les
couteaux.
Reviser annuellement le manual d'opération. NC 13-33-0117
REMEMBER - If safety signs have been damaged, removed, become illegible or parts replaced without
safety signs, new signs must be applied. New safety signs are available from your authorized dealer.
10
The types of safety signs and locations on the equipment are shown in the illustrations that follow. Good
safety requires that you familiarize yourself with the various safety signs, the type of warning and the
area, or particular function related to that area, that requires your SAFETY AWARENESS.
• Think SAFETY! Work SAFELY!
B
A
B
B
WARNING
FALLING HAZARD
NO RIDERS - KEEP AWAY
1. Do not allow riders.
2. Keep everyone off aerator at all times.
AVERTISSEMENT
RISQUE DE TOMBER
PAS DE PASSAGERS
RESTER ÉLOIGNÉS
1. Ne jamais faisser monter de passagers
sur la machine.
2. En tout temps, garder les gens éloignés
de l'aérateur.
NC 13-33-0118
REMEMBER - If safety signs have been damaged, removed, become illegible or parts replaced without
safety signs, new signs must be applied. New safety signs are available from your authorized dealer.
11
4
ASSEMBLING
4.1
MACHINE ASSEMBLY
The machine is shipped from the factory
in a partially disassembled configuration
and attached to a pallet that provides for
easy moving and handling. Always use
tools, equipment and forklifts of appropriate size and capacity for the job. Always
use 2 men when lifting, moving and
assembling the machine.
When the machine is shipped, follow this
procedure when preparing for the customer:
1. Clear the area of bystanders especially small children before starting.
2. Remove the pallet tie-downs.
3 Point Hitch
3. Use a forklift to lift the pallet/machine
from the truck. Carry the load close
to the ground as it is moved to the
assembly area and positioned.
Pull-Type
Fig. 1 SHIPPING CONFIGURATION
12
4. Remove plastic wrap.
3 Point Hitch
Pull-Type
Fig. 2 UNWRAPPED
5. Remove machine, hitch and control
tie-downs and lay-out.
6. Remove pallet.
7. Open the carton and bring out the
bags of hardware.
NOTE
The cartons will contain the
hardware and tines or knives as
specified.
Fig. 3 CARTON (TYPICAL)
13
8. Place the frame on safety
stands to mount the tines or
knives.
a. Attach the tines on the
mounting wheel. Be
sure to position the
tines with opening
facing rearward. This
will allow the tine to
expel the grass material and keep itself
clean.
Starting
Mounted
Fig. 4 TINE MOUNTING
14
b. Attach the knives to the
mounting wheel. Be
sure to attach the knives
on the outer side of the
mounting wheel.
c.
Tighten all fasteners.
Be sure to use only
prevailing torque fasteners on all tines and
knives when mounting.
Starting
Mounted
Fig. 5 KNIVES
9. On the 3 point hitch model:
a. Lower machine to the
ground.
NOTE
Use care to keep hands
and feet away from the
knives.
Fig. 6 LOWERED
15
b. Measure the position of
the lower pin bracket
from the center mast.
The inner dimension
must be 7 inches (178
mm) to fit the lower links
on the tractor.
c.
Loosen mounting
hardware, slide to
required position and
torque fasteners to their
specified torque.
Measuring
d. Repeat with other
bracket.
Positioned
Fig. 7 MOUNTING BRACKETS
16
10. For the pull type
model:
a. Remove the end
panel fasteners.
b. Mount the wheel
assembly to the
end panel.
c.
Tighten fasteners to
their specified
torque.
d. Repeat with the
other end wheel
assembly.
Fasteners
Mounted
Fig. 8 WHEEL ASSEMBLY
17
e. Remove fasteners
from hitch pole.
f.
Mount hitch on the
front frame bracket.
Fasteners
g. Measure to be sure
it is centered in the
frame.
Measuring
h. Tighten fasteners to
their specified
torque.
Tightening
Fig. 9 HITCH POLE
i.
18
Remove safety stands.
Fig. 10 ASSEMBLED
5
OPERATION
OPERATING SAFETY
•
Do not allow riders on the machine or power
unit at any time. There is no safe place for
any riders.
•
Do not allow anyone who is not familiar with
the safety rules and operation instructions to
use this machine.
•
If a safety shield or guard is removed for any
reason, it must be replaced before the
machine is again operated.
•
Do not place hands or feet under the machine at any time. Keep others away also.
•
•
Always use two people to handle heavy,
unwieldy components during assembly,
installation, removal or moving.
Never allow children to operate or be around
this machine.
•
Clear the work area of objects which might
be picked up and snagged or entangled in
the machine.
•
Keep hands, feet, hair, jewellery, and
clothing away from all moving and/or rotating parts.
•
5.1
Place all controls in neutral, stop engine, set
park brake, remove ignition key and wait for
all moving parts to stop before servicing,
adjusting, repairing or unplugging.
TO THE NEW OPERATOR OR OWNER
AgriMetal 3 Point Hitch and Pull-Type Aerators
are designed to aerate all kinds of soils (agricultural lands, parks, playgrounds, gardens, fairways,
turf, etc.) in an easy, even and efficient way.
In addition to the design and configuration of
equipment, hazard control and accident prevention are dependent upon the awareness,
concern, prudence and proper training of
personnel involved in the operation, transport,
maintenance and storage of equipment. It is
the responsibility of the owner or operator to
read this manual and to train all other operators before they start working with the machine.
Follow all safety instructions exactly. Safety
is everyone's business. By following recommended procedures, a safe working environment is provided for the operator, bystanders
and the area around the worksite. Untrained
operators are not qualified to operate the
machine.
Many features incorporated into this machine are
the result of suggestions made by customers like
you. Read this manual carefully to learn how to
operate the machine safely and how to set it to
provide maximum field efficiency. By following the
operating instructions in conjunction with a good
maintenance program, your 3 Point Hitch and
Pull-Type Aerator will provide many years of
trouble-free service.
19
5.2
MACHINE COMPONENTS
The AgriMetal 3 Point Hitch or Pull-Type Aerator is
a set of aerating wheels with tines or knives
attached to the rim for rolling over grass areas and
aerating them. The wheels are mounted to an
axle which is connected to the main frame. Either
a 3 point hitch or pull-type model is available.
B
G
C
F
C
E
A
E
C
F
G
D
D
A
A
B
C
D
Hitch Pole
3 Point Hitch Frame
Frame
Tines
E
F
G
Fig. 11 PRINCIPLE COMPONENTS
20
Knives
Wheels
Wheel Handle
5.3
BREAK-IN
Although there are no operational restrictions on
the Aerator when it is used for the first time, it is
recommended that the following mechanical items
be checked:
A. After operating for 1 hour:
1. Torque all fasteners and hardware.
2. Check condition of aerator wheel bearings.
3. Check condition of tines and knives.
Straighten or replace any that are bent,
chipped or broken.
5.4
PRE-OPERATION CHECKLIST
Efficient and safe operation of the AgriMetal 3
Point Hitch and Pull-Type Aerators require that
each operator reads and understands the operating procedures and all related safety precautions
outlined in this section. A pre-operation checklist
is provided for the operator. It is important for
both personal safety and for maintaining the
machine in good mechanical condition that this
checklist be followed.
Before operating the Aerator and each time
thereafter, the following areas should be checked
off:
1. Lubricate the machine per the schedule
outline in the Maintenance Section.
B. After operating for 10 hours:
1. Repeat steps 1, 2 and 3 listed above.
(Section A).
2. Go to the normal servicing and maintenance schedule as defined in the Maintenance Section.
2. Use only with a tractor with the appropriate
power level for the machine.
3. Be sure that the machine is properly attached
to the tractor with retainers in each mounting
pin.
4. Check for entangled material. Remove all
entangled material.
5. Check the condition of all knives and tines.
Straighten or replace any that are bent,
chipped or broken.
6. Check that all bearings turn freely. Replace
any that are rough or seized.
7. Make sure that all guards and shields are in
place, secured and functioning as designed.
21
5.5
CONTROLS
Before starting to work, all
operators should familiarize themselves with the
location and function of the
controls.
1. Wheel Handle (PullType only):
A wheel handle for
rotating each wheel
assembly is stored on
the front of the frame.
Insert the handle into
its pocket on the wheel
assembly, pull latch
out and rotate handle
to the desired position.
Push latch pin in to
secure wheel assembly.
Transport
Working
Handle
22
Fig. 12 WHEEL HANDLE
5.6
EQUIPMENT MATCHING
To insure the safe and reliable operation of the
Aerator, it is necessary to use a tractor with the
correct specifications. Use the following list as a
guide in selecting a tractor to use on the machine.
1. Horsepower:
The Aerators are designed to be used on
tractors with 16 to 25 horsepower depending
on the Model.
2. 3 Point Hitch:
The Aerators are equipped with a Category 1
- 3 point hitch. Be sure the tractor 3 point
hitch is in the proper configuration.
Table 1 Recommended Horsepower
Model
Horsepower
360
to 16
480
to 20
600
to 25
Install the lift arm blocks or shorten the stop
chains to place the arms into the non-sway
configuration. Refer to the tractor manual for
details.
IMPORTANT
Do not exceed the recommended
horsepower levels. The use of
excessive horsepower will void the
warranty.
23
5.7
MOUNTING AND UNHOOKING TRACTOR
When attaching Aerator to a tractor, follow this
procedure:
1. Clear the area of bystanders
especially small children before
starting.
2. Make sure there is enough room
and clearance from obstacles to
safely back up to the Aerator.
3. Back slowly up and align the lower
link arms to the pins on the Aerator.
4. 3 Point Hitch Model:
a. Unpin the anti sway assemblies.
b. Align the left lower link arm
with the left Aerator arm.
Lower Links
NOTE
It may be necessary to add weight
to the lower lift arms to bring them
to the required height.
c.
Insert the left pin through
the ball and install the
retainer.
d. Align the right arm to the
pin by turning the jack
screw on the arm.
e. Insert the right pin through
the ball and install the
retainer. Return the jack
screw to its starting position.
f.
Fig. 13 3 POINT HITCH MODEL
Remove the top pin and
install the top link. Use the
turnbuckle to align the top
link. Insert the pins and install the retainers. Return the turnbuckle to its original
length and lock.
g. Secure the anti-sway assemblies.
24
Top Link
5. Pull-Type Model:
a. Align the drawbar with the
hitch.
b. Raise hitch and install drawbar
pin and the retainer.
Fig. 14 PULL-TYPE MODEL
6. For the 3 Point Hitch Model, level
the machine for and aft, and side
to side using the jack screw on the
right arm and the turnbuckle on the
top link.
7. Use the turnbuckle to set the 3
point hitch mast vertical at operating depth.
8. To unhook from the tractor, reverse the above procedure.
Always park the machine in a dry,
level area. Place planks or boards
under the tines/knives on the 3
point model to prevent sinking into
the soil. Always place the pulltype model into transport configuration for storage.
Fig. 15 VERTICAL MAST
25
5.8
FIELD OPERATION
OPERATING SAFETY
•
Do not allow riders on the machine or power
unit at any time. There is no safe place for
any riders.
•
If a safety shield or guard is removed for any
reason, it must be replaced before the
machine is again operated.
Always use two people to handle heavy,
unwieldy components during assembly,
installation, removal or moving.
•
•
•
Place all controls in neutral, stop engine, set
park brake, remove ignition key and wait for
all moving parts to stop before servicing,
adjusting, repairing or unplugging.
•
Do not place hands or feet under the machine at any time. Keep others away also.
•
Never allow children to operate or be around
this machine.
•
Clear the work area of objects which might
be picked up and snagged or entangled in
the machine.
•
Keep all hydraulic lines, fittings and couplers
tight and free of leaks before using.
•
Keep hands, feet, hair, jewellery, and
clothing away from all moving and/or rotating parts.
Do not allow anyone who is not familiar with
the safety rules and operation instructions to
use this machine.
Aerators can be used for aerating a wide
variety of agricultural lands, parks, playgrounds, gardens, fairways, turf, etc. with
minimal problems. It is designed to work
with any kind of turf tractor. When the
tractor moves, the aerating wheels rotate
with the movement. Because of this
rotation, the metal tines fixed on aerating
wheels penetrate into the soil, digging out
earth cores. At the next rotation, new cores
are dug out and push on the first cores
already inside the tines. The first cores are
then evacuated through the hole in the
metal tines. This process is repeated again
and again as long as you are moving with
the tractor. This continuous rotation
insures an efficient and even aeration of
your soils. When operating the machine,
follow this procedure:
1. Clear the area of bystanders, especially small children.
Fig. 16 3 POINT MODEL
2. Review and follow the Pre-Operation
Checklist (see Section 5.4).
3. Attach the machine to the power unit (see
Section 5.7). Be sure the frame is level.
4. Transport to the working area (refer to Section
5.9).
26
5. Place all controls in neutral before starting the
tractor.
6. On the 3 Point Hitch model, the hitch control
on the tractor should always be set in the float
position to allow the machine to follow the
ground contour.
7. On the Pull-Type model, rotate the wheel
assemblies and lower the frame to the
ground.
8. Starting:
a. Move slowly across the area to be
aerated.
b. On the 3 Point Hitch model, lower the
3 point as you move over the working
area.
c.
Increase engine speed to rated RPM.
9. Travel Speed:
Drive at a speed that is appropriate for the
terrain and conditions. Normally 2-5 mph
(3-8 kph) works best.
Fig. 17 PULL-TYPE
10. Riders:
Do not allow riders at any time. There is no
safe place for riders on the aerator or the
tractor. Keep others off.
11. Aerating Hardware:
Both coring tines and knives are available to
be mounted to the aerating wheel. The
tines remove a core from the turf that will
allow water to get to the sub-soil. Knives
will slice the surface again allowing water to
get to the sub-soil. The cores generally
must be removed and the holes filled before
the area can be used again.
Fig. 18 AERATING HARDWARE
27
12. Working Surface:
Always inspect the working area
before starting. Any hard
surface or object can damage
the tines or knives. Raise the
aerating hardware out of the
ground to avoid these hard
objects. Keep aerating components in good working order to
obtain the required job.
Straighten or replace any
damaged or broken components
whenever found.
Tine
Knife
Fig. 19 AERATING COMPONENTS
28
5.9
TRANSPORTING
TRANSPORT SAFETY
•
•
•
Comply with state and local laws governing
highway safety and movement of machinery on public roads.
The use of flashing amber lights is acceptable in most localities. However, some
localities prohibit their use. Local laws
should be checked for all highway lighting
and marking requirements.
At all times when driving the power unit
and equipment on the road or highway
under 20 mph (32 kph), use flashing amber
warning lights and a slow moving vehicle
(SMV) identification emblem. Do not
exceed 20 mph (32 kph). Reduce speed
on rough roads and surfaces.
•
Plan your route to avoid heavy traffic.
•
Use a drawbar pin with provisions for a
retainer. Install the retainer.
•
Do not drink and drive.
•
Be a safe and courteous driver. Always
yield to oncoming traffic in all situations,
including narrow bridges, intersections,
etc. Watch for traffic when operating near
or crossing roadways.
•
•
Turn into curves or go up or down hills only
at a low speed and at a gradual steering
angle. Make certain that at least 20% of
the power unit's weight is on the front
wheels to maintain safe steerage. Slow
down on rough or uneven surfaces.
Never allow riders on either tractor or
machine.
When transporting the machine, review and follow
these instructions:
1. Clear the area of bystanders, especially small
children.
2. Be sure that the towing unit has sufficient size
and mass to control the Aerator during transport.
3. Insure that the machine is securely attached
to the power unit with a mechanical retainer
through the mounting pins.
4. Make sure the SMV (Slow Moving Vehicle)
emblem and all the lights and reflectors that
are required by the local highway authorities
are in place, are clean and can be seen
clearly by all overtaking and oncoming traffic.
5. Always use hazard flashers on the power unit
when transporting unless prohibited by law.
6. Do not allow riders.
7. Never exceed a safe travel speed. Never
travel faster than 20 mph (32 km/h). The ratio
of the power unit weight to the machine weight
plays an important role in defining acceptable
travel speed. The following table summarized
the weight ratio to travel speed.
Table 2 Travel Speed vs. Weight Ratio
Road Speed
Weight of fully equipped or
loaded implement(s)
relative to weight of
Towing machine
Up to 32 km/h
(20 mph)
1 to 1, or less
Up to 16 km/h
(10 mph)
2 to 1, or less
Do not tow
More than 2 to 1
8. Always shift to a lower gear when going down
hill to use the engine as a restraining force.
9. Never disengage power unit drivetrain and
coast down hills. Always keep power unit in
gear.
29
5.10
STORAGE
STORAGE SAFETY
•
Store the unit in an area away from human
activity.
•
Do not permit children to play on or around
the stored machine.
•
Store the unit in a dry, level area. Place
planks or boards under the tines and knives
for support if required.
At the end of the season, the
machine should be thoroughly
inspected and prepared for storage.
Repair or replace any worn or
damaged components to prevent
any unnecessary down time at the
beginning of the next season.
Follow this procedure:
1. Thoroughly wash the machine
with a pressure washer or water
hose to remove all dirt, mud,
debris or residue.
2. Lubricate all grease points to
remove any water residue from
washing.
3 Point Hitch
3. Inspect for worn or failed
components. Order the replacement parts now and repair
when time allows to eliminate
unnecessary down time at the
start of next season.
4. Remove any material that has
become entangled around any
moving part.
5. Touch up all paint nicks and
scratches to prevent rusting.
6. Move the machine to its storage
area.
7. Store in a dry, level spot.
Pull-Type
Fig. 20 STORED
8. On the Pull-Type model, leave in the transport
configuration.
9. On 3 Point Hitch model, lay planks or boards
under the tines and knives.
10. Unhook from the power unit (see Section 5.7).
30
11. Store in an enclosed building if possible. If
space is not available, cover with a waterproof
tarpaulin and tie down securely.
12. Store in an area away from human activity.
13. Do not allow children to play around the
stored unit.
6
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
•
•
Good maintenance is your responsibility.
Poor maintenance is an invitation to
trouble.
Follow good shop practices.
- Keep service area clean and dry.
- Be sure electrical outlets and tools
are properly grounded.
- Use adequate light for the job at hand.
•
Make sure there is plenty of ventilation.
Never operate an engine in a closed
building. The exhaust fumes may cause
asphyxiation.
•
Before working on this machine, shut off
the engine, set the brakes, and remove the
ignition keys.
•
Never work under equipment unless it is
blocked securely.
•
Always use personal protection devices
such as eye, hand and hearing protectors,
when performing any service or maintenance work.
6.1
6.1.1
SERVICE
FLUIDS AND LUBRICANTS
1. Grease:
Use an SAE multipurpose high temperature
grease with extreme pressure (EP) performance. Also acceptable is an SAE multipurpose
lithium base grease.
2. Storing Lubricants:
Your machine can operate at top efficiency
only if clean lubricants are used. Use clean
containers to handle all lubricants. Store them
in an area protected from dust, moisture and
other contaminants.
6.1.2
GREASING
Use the Maintenance Checklist provided to keep a
record of all scheduled maintenance.
1. Use a hand-held grease gun for all greasing.
•
Where replacement parts are necessary
for periodic maintenance and servicing,
genuine factory replacement parts must be
used to restore your equipment to original
specifications. The manufacturer will not
be responsible for injuries or damages
caused by use of unapproved parts and/or
accessories.
•
A fire extinguisher and first aid kit should
be kept readily accessible while performing maintenance on this equipment.
•
Periodically tighten all bolts, nuts and
screws and check that all cotter pins are
properly installed to ensure unit is in a safe
condition.
•
When completing a maintenance or
service function, make sure all safety
shields and devices are installed before
placing unit in service.
2. Wipe grease fitting with a clean cloth before
greasing, to avoid injecting dirt and grit.
3. Replace and repair broken fittings immediately.
4. If fittings will not take grease, remove and
clean thoroughly. Also clean lubricant passageway. Replace fitting if necessary.
31
6.1.3
SERVICING INTERVALS
The period recommended is based on normal
operating conditions. Severe or unusual conditions may require more frequent lubrication or oil
changes.
8 Hours or Daily
1. Check condition of aerating components. Straighten or replace any bent
or broken parts.
2. Check for entangled material. Remove
entangled material.
Tines
Knives
Fig. 21 AERATING COMPONENTS
32
At The Beginning And End Of The
Season
1. Grease pivoting shaft of wheel
assembly.
2. Grease wheels.
b
a
a. Wheel
b. Pivot Shaft
Fig. 22 WHEEL ASSEMBLY
6.1.4
SERVICE RECORD
See Lubrication and Maintenance sections for details of service. Copy this page to continue record.
ACTION CODE:
[
CHECK
G
GREASE
HOURS
SERVICED
BY
MAINTENANCE
8 Hours or Daily
[ Aerating Components
[ Entangled Material
Beginning & End Of Season
G Pivoting Shaft/Wheel Assembly
G Wheels
33
6.2
MAINTENANCE
By following a careful service and maintenance
program for your machine, you will enjoy many
years of trouble-free service.
6.2.1
TINE REPLACEMENT
Each gage wheel can be equipped
with hollow tines that core the
surface to allow water to penetrate
the grass material. They must be
maintained in good condition to
perform as required. Bent tines
must be straightened and broken
ones replaced. To maintain tines,
follow this procedure:
1. Clear the area of bystanders,
especially small children.
2. Stop machine in an open area
that provides access from the
back.
Tines
3. Leave in transport configuration.
4. Loosen the 2 bolts securing the
tine clamp.
5. Remove old tine and replace
with a new one.
6. Make sure the evacuating hole
faces up. Align pin hole in tine
with hole in aerating wheel.
7. Tighten bolts to secure tine in
place.
IMPORTANT
Always use prevailing torque
nuts as hardware to prevent
coming loose.
34
Schematic
Fig. 23 CHANGING TINES
6.2.2
KNIFE REPLACEMENT
Each gage wheel can be equipped
with knives that cut the surface to
allow water to penetrate the grass
material. They must be maintained
in good condition to perform as
required. Bent knives must be
straightened and broken ones
replaced. To maintain knives, follow
this procedure:
1. Clear the area of bystanders,
especially small children.
2. Stop machine in an open area
that provides access from the
back.
3. Unhook from tractor and tip
forward.
Knife
4. Remove the 2 bolts securing the
tine knife.
5. Remove old knife and replace
with a new one.
6. Tighten bolts to secure knife in
place.
IMPORTANT
Always use prevailing torque
nuts as hardware to prevent
coming loose.
Schematic
Fig. 24 CHANGING KNIVES
35
7
TROUBLE SHOOTING
The AgriMetal Aerator is a set of rotating gage wheels with tines or knives on the perimeter for penetrating the grass surface. It is a simple system that requires minimal maintenance.
In the following Trouble Shooting section, we have listed many of the problems, causes and solutions that
can help you to solve the problems that you might encounter.
If you encounter a problem that is difficult to solve, even after having read through this trouble shooting
section, please call your local distributor or dealer. Before you call, please have this Operator's Manual
and the serial number of your machine at hand.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Cores don't come out.
Plugged tine.
Clean tine.
Bent/broken tine.
Straighten or replace tine.
Tine opening facing forward.
Turn tine so opening faces
rearward.
Bent/broken knife.
Straighten or replace knife.
Hard ground.
Add weight to tray.
Bent/broken tine/knife.
Straighten or replace tine/
knife.
Driving too fast.
Slow down.
Does not penetrate soil.
Imperfect core holes.
36
49.5" (124cm) 36" (90cm)
68.5" (171cm) 73" (182.5cm) 26" (65cm)
61.5" (93.7cm) 36" (90cm)
80.5" (201cm) 73" (182.5cm) 26" (65cm)
FA-480-T.P.
FA-480-T.W.
FA-600-T.P.
FA-600-T.W.
48" (120cm)
3-POINT HITCH UP TO 4" (102mm)
TOW-TYPE
UP TO 4" (102mm)
WITH MANUAL LIFT
1035 lbs (465.7kg) 60" (150cm)
TOW-TYPE
UP TO 4" (102mm)
WITH MANUAL LIFT
3-POINT HITCH UP TO 4" (102mm)
TOW-TYPE
UP TO 4" (102mm)
WITH MANUAL LIFT
60" (150cm)
960 lbs (432kg)
835 lbs (375.7kg) 48" (120cm)
760 lbs (342kg)
CORING
DEPTH
3-POINT HITCH UP TO 4" (102mm)
HITCH
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE
MECHANICAL
Tines: Choice of 3/4" (1.87mm) closed spoons or 6" (190mm) slicing knives.
8.1
Standard: 8 tines per wheel.
Optional: 16 tines per wheel.
36" (90cm)
AERATING
WIDTH
610 lbs (274.5kg) 36" (90cm)
560 lbs (252kg)
WEIGHT
SPECIFICATIONS
Cast Wheels: Hold 8 or 16 tines each and have sealed ball bearing.
Aerating Wheel Axle: 1" (2.5cm)
36" (90cm)
36" (90cm)
52.5" (131cm) 73" (182.5cm) 26" (65cm)
FA-360-T.W.
36" (90cm)
DIMENSION
HEIGHT
37.5" (93.7cm) 36" (90cm)
DIMENSION
LENGTH
FA-360-T.P.
DIMENSION
WIDTH
8
37
8.2
BOLT TORQUE
CHECKING BOLT TORQUE
The tables shown below give correct torque values for various bolts and capscrews. Tighten all bolts to
the torques specified in chart unless otherwise noted. Check tightness of bolts periodically, using bolt
torque chart as a guide. Replace hardware with the same strength bolt.
ENGLISH TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Bolt
Diameter SAE 2
"A"
N.m (lb-ft)
1/4"
5/16"
3/8"
7/16"
1/2"
9/16"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
8
13
27
41
61
95
128
225
230
345
(6)
(10)
(20)
(30)
(45)
(70)
(95)
(165)
(170)
(225)
Bolt Torque *
SAE 5
N.m (lb-ft)
12
25
45
72
110
155
215
390
570
850
(9)
(19)
(33)
(53)
(80)
(115)
(160)
(290)
(420)
(630)
SAE 8
N.m (lb-ft)
17
36
63
100
155
220
305
540
880
1320
(12)
(27)
(45)
(75)
(115)
(165)
(220)
(400)
(650)
(970)
METRIC TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Bolt Torque*
Bolt
10.9
8.8
Diameter
(N.m) (lb-ft) (N.m) (lb-ft)
"A"
M3
M4
M5
M6
M8
M10
M12
M14
M16
M20
M24
M30
M36
.5
3
6
10
25
50
90
140
225
435
750
1495
2600
.4
2.2
4
7
18
37
66
103
166
321
553
1103
1917
1.8
4.5
9
15
35
70
125
200
310
610
1050
2100
3675
1.3
3.3
7
11
26
52
92
148
229
450
774
1550
2710
Torque figures indicated above are valid for non-greased or non-oiled threads and heads unless otherwise specified. Therefore, do not grease or oil bolts or capscrews unless otherwise specified in this
manual. When using locking elements, increase torque values by 5%.
* Torque value for bolts and capscrews are identified by their head markings.
38
10
INDEX
A
PAGE
Assembling .................................................... 12
Machine Assembly .................................. 12
I
Introduction ..................................................... 1
O
Operation ...................................................... 19
Break-In .................................................... 21
Controls .................................................... 22
Equipment Matching ................................. 23
Field Operation ......................................... 26
Machine Components .............................. 20
Mounting and Unhooking Tractor ............. 24
Pre-Operation Checklist ........................... 21
Storage ..................................................... 30
To the New Operator or Owner ................ 19
Transporting ............................................. 29
S
PAGE
Safety ............................................................. 2
Eqiupment Safety ..................................... 4
General Safety ......................................... 3
Maintenance Safety ................................. 8
Operating Safety ...................................... 7
Safety Signs ............................................. 5
Safety Training ......................................... 5
Sign-Off Form .......................................... 9
Storage Safety ......................................... 6
Transport Safety ...................................... 8
Safety Sign Locations ................................... 12
Service and Maintenance ............................. 31
Maintenance .......................................... 34
Knife Replacement ............................. 35
Tine Replacement .............................. 34
Service ................................................... 31
Fluids and Lubricants ......................... 31
Greasing ............................................. 31
Service Record ................................... 33
Servicing Intervals .............................. 32
Specifications ............................................... 37
Bolt Torque ............................................ 38
Mechanical ............................................. 37
T
P
Trouble Shooting .......................................... 36
Parts List ....................................................... 39
48
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