N9061A Remote Language Compatibility Guide

N9061A Remote Language Compatibility Guide
Agilent X-Series
Signal Analyzer
This manual provides documentation for the
following X-Series Analyzers:
EXA Signal Analyzer N9010A
MXA Signal Analyzer N9020A
N9061A Remote Language
Compatibility Guide
Agilent Technologies
Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2008
Manual Part Number
No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form or by any means (including
electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior
agreement and written consent from Agilent Technologies, Inc. as governed by
United States and international copyright
laws.
N9020-90091
Supersedes: N9020-90080
October 2008
Printed in USA
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
1400 Fountaingrove Parkway
Santa Rosa, CA 95403
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Warranty
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is
subject to being changed, without
notice, in future editions. Further,
to the maximum extent permitted
by applicable law, Agilent disclaims
all warranties, either express or
implied, with regard to this manual
and any information contained
herein, including but not limited to
the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not
be liable for errors or for incidental
or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, use, or
performance of this document or of
any information contained herein.
Should Agilent and the user have a
separate written agreement with
warranty terms covering the material in this document that conflict
with these terms, the warranty
terms in the separate agreement
shall control.
Technology Licenses
The hardware and/or software described
in this document are furnished under a
license and may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of such license.
Restricted Rights Legend
If software is for use in the performance
of a U.S. Government prime contract or
subcontract, Software is delivered and
licensed as “Commercial computer soft-
ware” as defined in DFAR 252.227-7014
(June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as
defined in FAR 2.101(a) or as “Restricted
computer software” as defined in FAR
52.227-19 (June 1987) or any equivalent
agency regulation or contract clause. Use,
duplication or disclosure of Software is
subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard
commercial license terms, and non-DOD
Departments and Agencies of the U.S.
Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR
52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users will receive no greater than
Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.22714 (June 1987) or DFAR 252.227-7015
(b)(2) (November 1995), as applicable in
any technical data.
Safety Notices
CAUTION:
A CAUTION notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or
the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in damage to the product or loss of
important data. Do not proceed
beyond a CAUTION notice until
the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
WARNING:
A WARNING notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice,
or the like that, if not correctly
performed or adhered to, could
result in personal injury or
death. Do not proceed beyond a
WARNING notice until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
Warranty
This Agilent technologies instrument product is warranted against defects in material
and workmanship for a period of one year from the date of shipment. during the
warranty period, Agilent Technologies will, at its option, either repair or replace
products that prove to be defective.
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to a service facility
designated by Agilent Technologies. Buyer shall prepay shipping charges to Agilent
Technologies shall pay shipping charges to return the product to Buyer. However,
Buyer shall pay all shipping charges, duties, and taxes for products returned to Agilent
Technologies from another country.
Where to Find the Latest Information
Documentation is updated periodically. For the latest information about this analyzer,
including firmware upgrades, application information, and product information, see
the following URLs:
http://www.agilent.com/find/mxa
http://www.agilent.com/find/exa
To receive the latest updates by email, subscribe to Agilent Email Updates:
http://www.agilent.com/find/emailupdates
Information on preventing analyzer damage can be found at:
http://www.agilent.com/find/tips
Contents
Getting Started
N9061A Application Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Hardware and Firmware Requirements for N9061A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Installing the N9061A application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Running Software that Requires SCPI Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Service and Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Documentation for the N9061A application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.
Hints and Tips
Hints and Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
4.
Programming Commands
Command Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Programming Command Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
A1 [one]
Clear Write for Trace A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
A2 [two]
Maximum Hold for Trace A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
A3 [three]
View Mode for Trace A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
A4 [four]
Blank Trace A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
ACPALPHA
Adjacent Channel Power Alpha Weighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
ACPALTCH
Adjacent Channel Power Alternate Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
ACPBRPER
Adjacent Channel Power Burst Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
ACPBRWID
Adjacent Channel Power Burst Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
ACPBW
Adjacent Channel Power Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
ACPCOMPUTE
Adjacent Channel Power Compute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
ACPFRQWT
Adjacent Channel Power Frequency Weighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
ACPLOWER
Lower Adjacent Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
ACPMAX
Maximum Adjacent Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
ACPMEAS
Measure Adjacent Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
ACPMSTATE
Adjacent Channel Power Measurement State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
5
Table of Contents
1.
Table of Contents
Contents
ACPPWRTX
Adjacent Channel Power Total Power Transmitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACPRSLTS
Adjacent Channel Power Measurement Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACPSP
Adjacent Channel Power Channel Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACPT
Adjacent Channel Power T Weighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ACPUPPER
Upper Adjacent Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADJALL
LO and IF Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AMB
A minus B into A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AMBPL
(A minus B) plus Display Line into A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ANNOT
Annotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APB
Trace A Plus Trace B to A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AT
Input Attenuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUNITS
Absolute Amplitude Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AUTOCPL
Auto Coupled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AXB
Exchange Trace A and Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B1 [one]
Clear Write for Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B2 [two]
Maximum Hold for Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B3 [three]
View Mode for Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B4 [four]
Blank Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BL
Trace B minus Display Line to Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BLANK
Blank Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BML
Trace B Minus Display Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C1 [one]
Set A Minus B Mode Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C2 [two]
A Minus B Into A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CA
Couple Attenuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CARROFF
6
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
Contents
7
Table of Contents
Carrier Off Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
CARRON
Carrier On Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
CF
Center Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
CHANNEL
Channel Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
CHANPWR
Channel Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
CHPWRBW
Channel Power Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
CLRW
Clear Write . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
CONTS
Continuous Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
COUPLE
Input Coupling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
CR
Couple Resolution Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
CS
Couple Frequency Step Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
CT
Couple Sweep Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
CV
Couple Video Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
DELMKBW
Occupied Power Bandwidth Within Delta Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
DET
Detection Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
DL
Display Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
DLYSWP
Delay Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
DONE
Done . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
E1[one]
Peak Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
E2 [two]
Marker to Center Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
E3 [three]
Delta Marker Step Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
E4 [four]
Marker to Reference Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
ERR
Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
ET
Elapsed Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
EX
Exchange Trace A and Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Table of Contents
Contents
FA
Start Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FB
Stop Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FDSP
Frequency Display Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FOFFSET
Frequency Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FREF
Frequency Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FS
Full Span . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GATE
Gate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GATECTL
Gate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GD
Gate Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GL
Gate Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GP
Gate Polarity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GRAT
Graticule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HD
Hold Data Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I1 [one]
Set RF Coupling to DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2 [two]
Set RF Coupling to AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ID
Identify . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IP
Instrument Preset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
L0 [zero]
Display Line Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LG
Logarithmic Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LN
Linear Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M1 [one]
Marker Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M2 [two]
Marker Normal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M3 [three]
Delta Marker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MA
Marker Amplitude Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MEAN
8
117
118
119
120
121
122
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
142
Contents
9
Table of Contents
Trace Mean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
MEANPWR
Mean Power measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
MEAS
Meas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
MF
Marker Frequency Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
MINH
Minimum Hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
MKA
Marker Amplitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
MKBW
Marker Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
MKCF
Marker to Center Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
MKD
Marker Delta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
MKF
Marker Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
MKFC
Marker Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
MKFCR
Marker Counter Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
MKMIN
Marker Minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
MKN
Marker Normal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
MKNOISE
Marker Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
MKOFF
Marker Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
MKPK
Marker Peak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
MKPT
Marker Threshold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
MKPX
Marker Peak Excursion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
MKRL
Marker to Reference Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
MKSP
Marker to Span . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
MKSS
Marker to Step Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
MKT
Marker Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
MKTRACK
Marker Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
ML
Mixer Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Table of Contents
Contents
MT0 [zero]
Marker Track Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MT1 [one]
Marker Track On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MXMH
Maximum Hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NORMLIZE
Normalize Trace Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NRL
Normalized Reference Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NRPOS
Normalized Reference Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OCCUP
Percent Occupied Power Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PLOT
Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PP
Preselector Peak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PRINT
Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PWRBW
Power Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RB
Resolution Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RBR
Resolution Bandwidth to Span Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RC
Recall State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RCLS
Recall State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
REV
Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RL
Reference Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ROFFSET
Reference Level Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RQS
Request Service Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S1[one]
Continuous Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S2 [two]
Single Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAVES
Save State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SER
Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SETDATE
Set Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SETTIME
10
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
Contents
11
Table of Contents
Set Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
SNGLS
Single Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
SP
Frequency Span . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
SRQ
Service Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
SS
Center Frequency Step Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
ST
Sweep Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
STB
Status Byte Query . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
SUM
Sum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
SV
Save State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
SWPCPL
Sweep Couple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
T1 [one]
Free Run Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203
T2 [two]
Line Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
T3 [three]
External Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
T4 [four]
Video Trigger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
TA
Trace A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
TB
Trace B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
TDF
Trace Data Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
TH
Threshold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210
TIMEDATE
Time Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
TITLE
Title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
TM
Trigger Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
TRA
Trace Data Input and Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214
TRB
Trace Data Input and Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
TRIGPOL
Trigger Polarity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
TS
Take Sweep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Table of Contents
Contents
VAVG
Video Average . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VB
Video Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VBR
Video Bandwidth to Resolution Bandwidth Ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VIEW
View Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VTL
Video Trigger Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.
12
218
219
220
221
222
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Getting Started
1
Getting Started
13
Getting Started
N9061A Application Description
N9061A Application Description
The N9061A application is the remote language compatibility suite for the Agilent
Technologies’ X-Series of signal analyzers. It allows the analyzers to be controlled
using many of the remote programming commands from the following analyzers:
•
8560 E/EC Series Portable Spectrum Analyzers, comprising:
Getting Started
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8560E
8560EC
8561E
8561EC
8562E
8562EC
8563E
8563EC
8564E
8564EC
8565E
8565EC
The X-Series analyzer with the N9061A application installed is designed to
replace these analyzers in many automated systems with minimal or no
modification to the currently used measurement software.
N9061A Limitations
The N9061A application has been designed to emulate as closely as possible the
operation of the specified spectrum analyzers. It is not, however, intended as an
absolute direct replacement for these analyzers.
Supported commands
Only a subset of the 8560 Series commands is supported in this application
(through a GPIB interface). The list of supported commands was determined by
feedback from our customers combined with technical considerations and
constraints.
EP is the enable parameter in the 8560 series which when used as a secondary
keyword after a command, transfers control and allows front panel operator entry.
This command is supported in the N9061A application for the same active
functions as the 8560 series, but is not displayed in any of the format diagrams for
individual commands.
The N9061A application supports the OA parameter which is found in several
legacy commands such as AT and CF. OA is the equivalent of a query so that “CF
OA” has a return value equivalent to “CF?”.
Device clear is supported by the N9061A application and causes a mode preset of
the signal analyzer.
14
Chapter 1
Getting Started
N9061A Application Description
Predefined Functions
In the 8560 Series analyzers, a “predefined function” is an analyzer command that
returns a number that can be operated on by other analyzer commands.
“Predefined variables” follow the same idea, except the value to be passed as a
parameter to the next command is stored in a variable.
The N9061A application does not support this type of behavior, so any commands
that originally acted as predefined functions or variables, or that allowed
predefined functions or variables as arguments in the 8560 Series no longer do so.
User-defined Functions
Chapter 1
15
Getting Started
No user-defined functions, traces, or variables (FUNCDEF, TRDEF or VARDEF)
can be used as arguments or commands in programs controlling any analyzer
running N9061A. In addition, the behavior of certain commands that rely on the
“active functions” (UP, DN, etc.) may be slightly different.
Getting Started
Hardware and Firmware Requirements for N9061A
Hardware and Firmware Requirements for N9061A
One of the following Agilent signal analyzers is required to run the N9061A
application.
Getting Started
Table 1-1 Compatible Agilent EXA Series Signal Analyzers
Analyzer Model
Number
Upper Frequency Limit
Firmware
N9010A-503
3.6 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
N9010A-507
7 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
N9010A-513
13.6 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
N9010A-526
26.5 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
Table 1-2 Compatible Agilent MXA Series Signal Analyzers
Analyzer Model
Number
Upper Frequency Limit
Firmware
N9020A-503
3.6 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
N9020A-507
8.4 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
N9020A-513
13.6 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
N9020A-526
26.5 GHz
Rev A.01.60 or later
For maximum compatibility, you should select an X-Series analyzer that equals or
exceeds the frequency range of the legacy analyzer you are replacing (currently not
possible for the 8564E/EC or 8565E/EC). The frequency limits of the legacy
instruments are listed below.
Table 1-3 Frequency Ranges of the Legacy Analyzers
Remote Language
16
Start Frequency
Stop Frequency
8560E/EC
30 Hz
2.9 GHz
8561E/EC
30 Hz
6.5 GHz
8562E/EC
30 Hz
13.2 GHz
8563E/EC
9 kHz
26.5 GHz
8564E/EC
9 kHz
40.0 GHz
8565E/EC
9 kHz
50.0 GHz
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Installing the N9061A application
Installing the N9061A application
Remote language compatibility for the 8560 series of analyzers is a licensed
application on the X-Series analyzers and is called N9061A-2FP. The application
must be installed on the X-Series analyzer and licensed for it to work correctly.
Installation
The N9061A-2FP is installed on the X-Series analyzer in one of the following
ways:
If you purchased a new X-Series analyzer with the N9061A application then
the product is installed and licensed and ready to use.
•
If you have an X-Series analyzer and have subsequently purchased the N9061A
application then you can download the N9061A application from the Agilent
website. The N9061A application is installed as part of a software upgrade. See
the link below for Signal Analyzers software upgrade site. After upgrading
your software you should then use your entitlement certificate to license the
product (see Licensing below).
The latest revision of the software may be downloaded from:
http://www.agilent.com/find/exa_software
http://www.agilent.com/find/mxa_software
NOTE
No calibration is required after the N9061A application is installed.
Licensing
When you order a licensed product, you receive an entitlement certificate.
Instructions are provided on your entitlement certificate to direct you to the Web
site to redeem your certificate for a license key. You need to provide your
instrument product number and serial number, and the entitlement certificate
number.
Required Information:
Front Panel Key Path:
Model #: (Ex. N9020A)
Instrument
Serial Number:
__________________
System > Show > System
The license is downloaded from the license website onto a USB storage device so
that it can be loaded into the instrument.
A license key is usually for one instrument model/serial number combination. The
license key can only be installed on that instrument.
Chapter 1
17
Getting Started
•
Getting Started
Installing the N9061A application
Getting Started
License Installation Procedure over USB
1. Redeem the Option Upgrade Entitlement Certificate by following the
instructions on the Certificate.
2. After redeeming your Option Upgrade Entitlement Certificate you will receive
an e-mail with an attached License File.
3. Locate a USB storage device and save the .lic file to the root directory of the
USB storage device.
4. Connect the USB storage device to one of the signal analyzer USB ports.
Windows detects the new hardware and may display the configuration menu.
This menu may be configured according to your preferences.
5. The signal analyzer automatically consumes the license file. (This may take a
few minutes) When the license is consumed the Agilent License Manager
displays a “Successful License Installation” message.
6. Alternatively the license file can be manually installed over USB or LAN by
placing the license file in the following folder on the signal analyzer.
C:\Program Files\Agilent\licensing
Verify the Installation
1. Press System > Show > System to display the list of installed applications.
2. Verify that the new application appears in the list.
If you require further assistance, please contact the Agilent support team.
Online assistance: http://www.agilent.com/find/assist
If you do not have access to the Internet, contact your local Agilent
Technologies Sales and Service Office, or if in the United States, call
1-800-829-4444.
18
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
Figure 1-1 is an example mode menu map showing the N9061A (Remote
Language Compatibility) application selection on your signal analyzer. To select
the N9061A application, press the Mode hardkey on the X-Series analyzer front
panel and then select the Remote Language Compatibility mode. If there are
more than six modes on the signal analyzer, then use the More button to find the
Remote Language Compatibility selection.
Figure 1-1
Example Mode Menu Map for X-Series Analyzers
Mode
Mode
Getting Started
Spectrum
Analyzer
IQ Analyzer
(BASIC)
W-CDMA with
HSDPA/PSUPPA
Phase Noise
Remote
Language
Compatibility
Chapter 1
19
Getting Started
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
Then, to select the legacy analyzer you wish to emulate, press the Mode Setup
hardkey on the front panel. Figure 1-2 shows the menu map that allows you to
select the 8560 series analyzer and therefore the remote control commands to be
used in the X-Series analyzer.
Figure 1-2
Mode Setup > Legacy Instrument Selection Menu Map
Mode Setup
HP8560 Series
Mode Setup
HP8560E/EC
HP8560 series
HP8563E/EC
Getting Started
HP8561E/EC
HP8562E/EC
HP8563E/EC
Cmd Error
On
Off
Logging
HP8564E/EC
Logging
HP8565E/EC
Preferences
Preferences
Restore Mode
Defaults
The HP8560 series key allows you to select which legacy instrument to emulate.
The selected instrument determines the response to the “ID?” command and
affects the behavior of commands such as IP. A customer can use any command
offered by any of the legacy instruments regardless of the language setting.
However, if the command is not correct for the selected legacy instrument there is
no guarantee that the command will work as expected. This does not affect the
response to the SCPI command “*IDN?”.
20
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
The legacy instrument selections are as follows:
8560E/EC
8561E/EC
8562E/EC
8564E/EC
8565E/EC
Table 1-4
Span, Trace Points, Couplings, VBW/RBW Ratio, and Span/RBW Ratio
Settings
Remote
Language
Start Freq.
Stop Freq.
Number of
Trace
Points
RF
Coupling
VBW/
RBW
Ratio
Span/RBW
Ratio
8560E/EC
30 Hz
2.9 GHz
601
AC
1
91
8561E/EC
30 Hz
6.5 GHz
601
AC
1
91
8562E/EC
30 Hz
13.2 GHz
601
AC
1
91
8563E/EC
30 Hz
26.5 GHz
601
DC
1
91
8564E/EC
30 Hz
40 GHz
601
DC
1
91
8565E/EC
30 Hz
50 GHz
601
DC
1
91
Chapter 1
21
Getting Started
8563E/EC
Selects the 8560E/EC remote programming language and sets
the response to the remote programming command ‘ID?’ to
HP8560E. It also performs an instrument preset and sets Span,
Trace Points, couplings, VBW/RBW ratio, and Span/RBW ratio
appropriately as shown in Table 1-4.
Selects the 8561E/EC remote programming language and sets
the response to the remote programming command ‘ID?’ to
HP8561E. It also performs an instrument preset and sets Span,
Trace Points, couplings, VBW/RBW ratio, and Span/RBW ratio
appropriately as shown in Table 1-4.
Selects the 8562E/EC remote programming language and sets
the response to the remote programming command ‘ID?’ to
HP8562E. It also performs an instrument preset and sets Span,
Trace Points, couplings, VBW/RBW ratio, and Span/RBW ratio
appropriately as shown in Table 1-4.
Selects the 8563E/EC remote programming language and sets
the response to the remote programming command ‘ID?’ to
HP8563E. It also performs an instrument preset and sets Span,
Trace Points, couplings, VBW/RBW ratio, and Span/RBW ratio
appropriately as shown in Table 1-4. This is the default setting
for the N9061A application.
Selects the 8564E/EC remote programming language and sets
the response to the remote programming command ‘ID?’ to
HP8564E. It also performs an instrument preset and sets Span,
Trace Points, couplings, VBW/RBW ratio, and Span/RBW ratio
appropriately as shown in Table 1-4.
Selects the 8565E/EC remote programming language and sets
the response to the remote programming command ‘ID?’ to
HP8565E. It also performs an instrument preset and sets Span,
Trace Points, couplings, VBW/RBW ratio, and Span/RBW ratio
appropriately as shown in Table 1-4.
Getting Started
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
Logging
The N9061A application allows the logging of errors. These errors comprise
details of command errors and legacy commands that have been received but are
not supported by the N9061A application. To enable and view the error log select
the Mode Setup hardkey from the front panel. Then select the Logging softkey.
Figure 1-3
Logging Menu Map
Logging
Logging
Previous Page
Getting Started
Next Page
Cmd Error Log
On
Off
Refresh
Clear Log
When you are in the Logging menu, the main Signal Analysis display is obscured
by the logging page. Previous Page and Next Page allow you to scroll through
the log file. To include commands sent to the analyzer since the log window
display was opened, press Refresh.
The Cmd Error Log option allows you to turn the command error logging on or
off. The default is Off. Logging should not be used in a secure environment. When
set to On, all error messages are stored in a log file, regardless of whether they
have been displayed on the screen. When set to Off, no further command error
messages are written to the log file.
Switching Cmd Error Log to Off does not clear the log file. Only the Clear Log
softkey clears the error log.
To update the log page with new entries, select Refresh.
The log file is also stored as a text file, called Logfile.txt, on the instrument; it
is stored in the D:\ drive, in a folder called
\User_My_Documents\[USERNAME]\My Documents\RLC\data.
The log is cleared on power-up, or if you change the remote language selection.
The maximum size of the log is 10 MB. When the file reaches its maximum size,
the first ten percent of the file is automatically discarded, in order to clear space for
subsequent error messages.
22
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
Preferences
The Preferences menu allows you to configure some analyzer settings when in
remote language compatibility mode. Figure 1-4 shows the Preferences menu map
which is accessed by selecting the Mode Setup hardkey on the front panel and
then selecting the Preferences softkey. Preferences are not affected by a power
cycle, a remote language change or a mode preset. They are only preset to their
default state using Restore Mode Defaults key in the Mode Setup menu (see
Figure 1-2).
Figure 1-4
Preferences Menu Map
Preferences
Preferences
Limit RBW/VBW
On
Off
On
Swp Type Rule
Off
Sweep Type
Rules
Auto
AC/DC Mode
As Legacy
Getting Started
Atten Offset
Auto
AC/DC Mode
As Legacy
Always
DC Coupled
Always
Best Dynamic
Range
Best Speed
Legacy
AC Coupled
Setting Limit RBW/VBW to On limits the valid resolution bandwidth (RBW) and
video bandwidth (VBW) values to those appropriate for the currently selected
remote language. While this limitation reduces measurement flexibility, it helps to
ensure that the measurement time in emulation mode is the same as the legacy
measurement time, and ensures that the responses to RB? and VB? match the
legacy instrument. The default state is Off. Setting this key to Off causes the RBW
and VBW filters to use the X-Series analyzer range of values for all remote
languages.
Setting Atten Offset to On allows larger input power to be applied to the analyzer,
while significantly increasing the noise floor. Since many of the older spectrum
analyzers had noise floor 10 dB higher than the X-Series analyzer, this gives the
most accurate emulation. The default state is Off.
Sweep Type Rules changes the Auto rules for determining whether the instrument
uses FFT or Swept mode (this can be manually overridden). FFT mode offers
substantially faster measurements in some cases. 8560-series analyzers use both
FFT and Swept mode, in which case “Legacy” is equivalent to “Dynamic range”.
Chapter 1
23
Getting Started
Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer
Getting Started
AC/DC Mode allows the user to override the legacy instrument behavior for AC
and DC coupling. This command is required because legacy instruments had AC
cutoff frequencies of 100 kHz and the X-series analyzers have an AC cutoff
frequency of 10 MHz.
24
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Running Software that Requires SCPI Commands
Running Software that Requires SCPI Commands
When a legacy remote language has been selected, you only have access to a very
small subset of SCPI commands. If you are not familiar with the SCPI remote
programming language, Chapter 5 , “A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language,”
on page 223 contains some useful information.
The SCPI commands available while using other remote languages are:
Table 1-5
SCPI Commands
Description
*IDN?
Queries and returns the instrument
identification string.
*RST
Performs an instrument preset.
INSTrument:DEFault
Restores mode defaults.
INSTrument:SELect
Selects an application by mode name. (Use
RLC to select the N9061A application)a.
INSTrument:SELect?
INSTrument:NSELect
INSTrument:NSELect?
[:SENSe]:SWEep:TYPE AUTO|SWEep|FFT
Getting Started
SCPI Commands
Selects an application by mode number. (Use
266 to select the N9061A application)a.
Sets the Sweep Type.
Defaults to AUTO.
[:SENSe]:SWEep:TYPE?
:SYSTem:OPTions?
Returns a list of installed options.
INPut:COUPling AC|DC|RLC
Sets the input coupling.b
Defaults to RLC.
INPut:COUPling?
:SYSTem:LANGuage HP8560E | HP8561E |
HP8562E | HP8563E | HP8564E | HP8565E
Sets the current remote language.b
:SYSTem:LANGuage?
[:SENSe]:RLC:SWEep:TYPE:AUTO:RULes
AUTO|SPEed|DRANge|LEGACY
Sets the auto rule setting for Sweep Type.b
[:SENSe]:RLC:SWEep:TYPE:AUTO:RULes?
[:SENSe]:RLC:BANDwidth:LIMit ON|OFF|1|0
[:SENSe]:RLC:BANDwidth:LIMit?
[:SENSe]:RLC:ATTenuation:STATe ON|OFF|1|0
[:SENSe]:RLC:ATTenuation:STATe?
Toggles legacy bandwidth limiting on and
off.b
Toggles internal attenuation on and off.b
Defaults to OFF.
a. After changing into or out of RLC mode, allow a 1s delay before sending subsequent commands.
b. This command is only available if the N9061A application is installed on your analyzer.
Chapter 1
25
Getting Started
Service and Calibration
Service and Calibration
Getting Started
Since the Performance Verification and Adjustment Software uses the SCPI
command language, you need to leave the N9061A (RLC) application and change
to the Spectrum Analyzer application prior to calibration or service of your Agilent
signal analyzer.
26
Chapter 1
Getting Started
Documentation for the N9061A application
Documentation for the N9061A application
Signal Analyzers with N9061A
When you purchase your X-Series signal analyzer with the Remote Language
Compatibility Suite (N9061A), this manual - the Remote Language Compatibility
Guide (N9020-90080) is included on the documentation CD and is installed on the
analyzer in the online help.
For information on EXA series analyzers and other related documentation, refer to
the EXA web site at http://www.agilent.com/find/exa/.
This Remote Language Compatibility Guide is not designed to be a comprehensive
guide to all legacy commands. It gives brief descriptions of the supported
commands, and highlights important functional or behavioral differences that you
should be aware of when transferring your existing code to your X-Series analyzer.
For a fuller description of these commands, refer to the manuals supplied with
your original analyzer.
Signal Analyzer Updates
For the latest information about this instrument, including software upgrades,
application information, and product information, please visit the URL below.
http://www.agilent.com/find/mxa/
Chapter 1
27
Getting Started
For information on MXA series analyzers and other related documentation, refer
to the MXA web site at http://www.agilent.com/find/mxa/.
Getting Started
Getting Started
Documentation for the N9061A application
28
Chapter 1
Legacy Analyzer Command List
2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
29
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
The following table lists all of the original programming commands from the
legacy analyzers (that is, the 8560 Series), and indicates which are supported in
N9061A. Refer to the alphabetical listing of commands in Chapter 4 ,
“Programming Commands,” on page 47 for more detailed information about each
supported command.
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
30
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
A1
Clear-writes trace A
Yes
Page 51
A2
Max Holds trace A
Yes
Page 52
A3
View trace A
Yes
Page 53
A4
Blanks trace A
Yes
Page 54
ABORT
Interrupt operation of all
user-defined functions
No
ABS
Absolute
No
ACPACCL
Accelerate adjacent channel
power measurement
No
ACPALPHA
Adjacent channel power alpha
weighting
Yes
Page 55
ACPALTCH
Adjacent channel power
alternate channels
Yes
Page 56
ACPBRPER
Adjacent channel power burst
period
Yes
Page 57
ACPBRWID
Adjacent channel power burst
width
Yes
Page 58
ACPBW
Specifies channel bandwidth for
ACP measurement
Yes
Page 59
ACPCOMPUTE
Compute adjacent channel
power
Yes
Page 60
ACPFRQWT
Adjacent channel power
frequency weighting
Yes
Page 61
ACPGRAPH
Compute adjacent channel
power graph
No
ACPLOWER
Lower adjacent channel power
Yes
Page 62
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
ACPMAX
Maximum adjacent channel
power
Yes
Page 63
ACPMEAS
Measure adjacent channel
power
Yes
Page 64
ACPMETHOD
Adjacent channel power
measurement method
No
ACPMSTATE
Adjacent channel power
measurement state
Yes
Page 65
ACPPWRTX
Total power transmitted
Yes
Page 66
ACPRSLTS
Adjacent channel power
measurement results
Yes
Page 67
ACPSP
Channel spacing
Yes
Page 68
ACPT
Adjacent channel power
T weighting
Yes
Page 69
ACPUPPER
Upper adjacent channel power
Yes
Page 70
ACTVFUNC
Creates a user defined active
function
No
ADD
Add
No
ADJALL
LO & IF adjustment
Yes
ADJCRT
Adjust CRT alignment
No
ADJIF
Adjust IF
No
AMB
Trace A − trace B -> trace A
Yes
Page 72
AMBPL
Trace A − trace B + Display
Line -> trace A
Yes
Page 73
AMPCOR
Applies amplitude correction at
specified frequencies
No
AMPCORDATA
Amplitude correction data
No
AMPCORSAVE
Save amplitude correction data
No
AMPCORSIZE
Amplitude correction data array
size
No
AMPCORRCL
Amplitude correction recall
No
ANNOT
Display Annotation
Yes
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Command
Page 71
Page 74
31
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
32
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
APB
Trace A + trace B -> trace A
Yes
Page 75
ARRAYDEF
Defines an array
No
AT
Input Attenuation
Yes
Page 76
AUNITS
Amplitude Units
Yes
Page 77
AUTOCPL
Auto couple
Yes
Page 78
AUTOEXEC
Turns on or off the function
defined with AUTOFUNC
No
AUTOFUNC
Defines a function for automatic
execution
No
AUTOSAVE
Automatically saves trace
No
AVG
Average
No
AXB
Exchange Traces A & B
Yes
Page 79
B1
Clear-writes trace B
Yes
Page 80
B2
Max Holds trace B
Yes
Page 81
B3
View trace B
Yes
Page 82
B4
Blanks trace B
Yes
Page 83
BL
Trace B − Display line -> trace
B
Yes
Page 84
BLANK
Blanks specified trace
Yes
Page 85
BML
Trace B − Display line -> trace
B
Yes
Page 86
C1
Turns off A - B
Yes
Page 87
C2
A − B -> A
Yes
Page 88
CA
Couples Attenuation
Yes
Page 89
CARDLOAD
Copies data from memory card
to module memory
No
CARDSTORE
Copies data to memory card
No
CARROFF
Carrier off power
Yes
Page 90
CARRON
Carrier on power
Yes
Page 91
CATALOG
Catalog
No
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
CF
Center Frequency
Yes
Page 92
CHANNEL
Channel selection
Yes
Page 93
CHANPWR
Channel power
Yes
Page 94
CHPWRBW
Channel power bandwidth
Yes
Page 95
CLRDSP
Clear display
No
CLRSCHED
Clears autosave & autoexec
schedule buffer
No
CLRW
Clear-writes specified trace
Yes
CNTLA
Auxiliary interface control line
A
No
CNTLB
Auxiliary interface control line
B
No
CNTLC
Auxiliary interface control line
C
No
CNTLD
Auxiliary interface control line
D
No
CNTLI
Auxiliary interface control line
input
No
CNVLOSS
Selects ref level offset to
calibrate amplitude display
No
CONTS
Continuous sweep mode
Yes
Page 98
COUPLE
Selects AC or DC coupling
Yes
Page 99
CR
Couples Resolution BW
Yes
Page 100
CS
Couples Step Size
Yes
Page 101
CT
Couples Sweep Time
Yes
Page 102
CTRLHPIB
Allows SA to control HP-IB
No
CV
Couples Video Bandwidth
Yes
DATEMODE
Set the date display format
No
DELMKBW
Occupied power bandwidth
within delta marker
Yes
DEMOD
Turns the demodulator on or off
No
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Chapter 2
Page 96
Page 103
Page 104
33
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
34
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
DEMODAGC
Demodulation automatic gain
control
No
DEMODT
Demodulation time
No
DET
Detection Mode
Yes
DISPOSE
Frees Memory
No
DIV
Divide
No
DL
Display Line Level
Yes
Page 106
DLYSWP
Delay sweep
Yes
Page 107
DONE
Synchronizing function
Yes
Page 108
DSPLY
Display
No
E1
Active marker to maximum
signal
Yes
Page 109
E2
Active marker to center
frequency
Yes
Page 110
E3
Active marker frequency to CF
step size
Yes
Page 111
E4
Active marker to reference level
Yes
Page 112
EDITDONE
Indicates limit line editing is
complete
No
EDITLIML
Allows current limit line to be
edited
No
ELSE
Conditional Programming
(If…then…else…endif)
No
EM
Erase user display memory
No
ENTER
Enter from HP-IB
No
ERR
Queries the error queue
Yes
Page 113
ET
Elapsed time
Yes
Page 115
EX
Exchanges trace A & B
Yes
Page 116
EXP
Exponential
No
EXTMXR
Presets external mixing mode
No
FA
Start frequency
Yes
Page 105
Page 117
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
FB
Stop frequency
Yes
Page 118
FDIAG
Frequency diagnostics
No
FDSP
Frequency display off
Yes
FFT
Fast fourier transform
No
FOFFSET
Frequency offset
Yes
FORMAT
Erase & format the selected
memory device
No
FREF
Frequency reference
Yes
Page 121
FS
Full frequency span
Yes
Page 122
FULBAND
Set start/stop freq for ext mixing
bands
No
FUNCDEF
Function definition
No
GATE
Turn time-gating on or off
Yes
Page 124
GATECTL
Gate control
Yes
Page 125
GD
Gate delay
Yes
Page 126
GL
Gate length
Yes
Page 127
GP
Sets the polarity
(positive/negative) of the gate
trigger
Yes
Page 128
GRAT
Graticule on/off
Yes
Page 129
HD
Holds data entry
Yes
Page 130
HNLOCK
Harmonic lock
No
HNUNLK
Harmonic band unlock
No
ID
Instrument identification
Yes
IDCF
Identified signal to center
frequency
No
IDFREQ
Identified signal frequency
No
IF
Conditional Programming
(If…then…else…endif)
No
INT
Integer
No
IP
Instrument preset
Yes
Page 120
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Chapter 2
Page 119
Page 133
Page 134
35
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
36
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
KEYCLR
Clear user defined keys
No
KEYDEF
Assign function to soft key
No
L0
Turns off the display line
Yes
LB
Writes text label
No
LCLVAR
Defines a local variable for use
No
LG
Selects log scale
Yes
LIMD
Delta amplitude value for limit
line segment
No
LIMF
Frequency value for limit-line
segment
No
LIMIFAIL
Limit line fail
No
LIMIPURGE
Disposes of current limit line,
not limit line table
No
LIMIRCL
Load stored limit line into limit
line table
No
LIMIREL
Determine whether limit line
values absolute/relative
No
LIMISAV
Save contents of limit line table
for recall
No
LIMITEST
Compare active trace data to
limit line parameters
No
LIML
Amplitude value for limit line
segment in lower limit line
No
LIMM
Middle amplitude value for
limit-line segment
No
LIMTFL
Specifies a flat limit-line
segment
No
LIMTSL
Specifies a sloped limit-line
segment
No
LIMU
Amplitude value for limit line
segment in upper limit line
No
LN
Selects linear scale
Yes
LOG
Log
No
Page for
Further
Details
Page 135
Page 136
Page 137
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
M1
Turns off all markers
Yes
Page 138
M2
Marker Normal
Yes
Page 139
M3
Marker Delta
Yes
Page 140
MA
Returns the amplitude of active
marker
Yes
Page 142
MBIAS
Mixer bias
No
MEAN
Returns mean value of trace in
display units
Yes
Page 143
MEANPWR
Mean power measurement
Yes
Page 144
MEAS
Measurement status
Yes
Page 145
MEM
Returns amount of memory
available
No
MENU
Menu
No
MF
Returns frequency of the active
marker
Yes
MIN
Minimum
No
MINH
Min Hold
Yes
Page 147
MKA
Amplitude of the active marker
Yes
Page 148
MKBW
Marker bandwidth
Yes
Page 149
MKCF
Moves the active marker to
center frequency
Yes
Page 150
MKCHEDGE
Marker to channel edge
No
MKD
Delta marker
Yes
MKDELCHBW
Delta markers to channel power
bandwidth
No
MKDR
Reciprocal of marker delta
No
MKF
Specifies the frequency of the
active marker
Yes
Page 153
MKFC
Turns the marker frequency
counter on or off
Yes
Page 154
MKFCR
Specifies the marker frequency
counter resolution
Yes
Page 155
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Chapter 2
Page 146
Page 151
37
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
38
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
MKMCF
Marker mean to center
frequency
No
MKMIN
Moves active marker to
minimum signal detected
Yes
Page 156
MKN
Normal marker
Yes
Page 157
MKNOISE
Marker noise function
Yes
Page 158
MKOFF
Turns all markers or the active
marker off
Yes
Page 159
MKPK
Marker peak
Yes
Page 160
MKPT
Marker peak threshold
Yes
Page 161
MKPX
Marker peak excursion
Yes
Page 162
MKRL
Moves the active marker to
reference level
Yes
Page 163
MKSP
Marker span
Yes
Page 164
MKSS
Marker step size
Yes
Page 165
MKT
Position marker in units of time
Yes
Page 166
MKTRACK
Turns the marker signal track on
or off
Yes
Page 167
ML
Mixer Level
Yes
Page 168
MOD
Modulo
No
MODRCLT
Recalls trace from module
memory
No
MODSAVT
Saves trace in module memory
No
MOV
Move
No
MPY
Multiply
No
MSDEV
Specifies mass storage device
No
MT0
Turns off marker signal track
Yes
Page 169
MT1
Turns on marker signal track
Yes
Page 170
MXM
Maximum
No
MXMH
Max Hold
Yes
MXRMODE
Mixer mode
No
Page 171
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
NORMLIZE
Normalize trace data
Yes
Page 172
NRL
Normalized reference level
Yes
Page 173
NRPOS
Normalized reference position
Yes
Page 174
OCCUP
Percent occupied power
bandwidth
Yes
Page 175
ONEOS
On end of sweep
No
OP
Output parameters
No
OR
Set position of origin
No
OUTPUT
Output - sending data to the
GPIB from function
No
PA
Plot absolute
No
PD
Pen down
No
PDA
Probability distribution
amplitude
No
PDF
Probability distribution
frequency
No
PEAKS
Sorts the signal peaks by
amplitude/frequency
No
PLOT
Prints the screen
Yes
PLOTORG
Display origins
No
PLOTSRC
Plot source
No
PP
Peaks the preselector
Yes
PR
Plot relative
No
PRINT
Print
Yes
PSDAC
Preselector DAC number
No
PSTATE
Protect state
No
PU
Pen up
No
PWRBW
Power bandwidth
Yes
Page 179
RB
Resolution bandwidth
Yes
Page 180
RBR
Resolution bandwidth/Span
ratio
Yes
Page 181
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Command
Page 176
Page 177
Page 178
39
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
40
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
RC
Recalls state register
Yes
Page 182
RCLOSCAL
Recall open/short average
No
RCLS
Recall state
Yes
RCLT
Recall trace
No
RCLTHRU
Recall internal thru-reference
trace into trace B
No
RELHPIB
Release control of GPIB
No
REPEAT
Conditional Programming
(Repeat .. Until …)
No
RETURN
Return to user defined function
origination point
No
REV
Returns the revision string to
the controller
Yes
Page 184
RL
Reference level
Yes
Page 185
RLCAL
Reference level calibration
No
RMS
Root mean square
No
ROFFSET
Reference level offset
Yes
Page 186
RQS
SRQ mask
Yes
Page 187
S1
Continuous sweep mode
Yes
Page 188
S2
Single sweep mode
Yes
Page 189
SADD
Adds a limit line segment
No
SAVES
Saves analyzer state to specified
register
Yes
SAVET
Save trace
No
SDEL
Deletes a limit line segment
No
SDON
Indicates limit line segment is
done
No
SEDI
Edits limit line segment
No
SENTER
Segment entry for frequency
limit lines
No
SER
Serial number
Yes
Page 183
Page 190
Page 191
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
SETDATE
Set the date of analyzer
Yes
Page 192
SETTIME
Set the time of analyzer
Yes
Page 193
SHOWMENU
Shows menu
No
SIGID
External mixing frequency
bands signal identifier
No
SKYCLR
Clears user softkey
No
SKYDEF
Defines user softkey
No
SMOOTH
Smooths given trace over
specified number points
No
SNGLS
Single sweep mode
Yes
Page 194
SP
Frequency Span
Yes
Page 195
SQR
Square root
No
SQUELCH
Adjusts squelch level
No
SRCALC
Selects internal or external level
control
No
SRCCRSTK
Coarse tracking adjust
No
SRCFINTK
Fine tracking adjust
No
SRCPOFS
Offset source power level
No
SRCPSTP
Select source power step size
No
SRCPSWP
Select sweep range of source
output
No
SRCPWR
Select source power level
No
SRCTKPK
Auto adjust tracking of source
output with SA sweep
No
SRQ
Service request
Yes
Page 196
SS
Frequency Step Size
Yes
Page 197
ST
Sweep Time
Yes
Page 198
STB
Status byte query
Yes
Page 199
STDEV
Standard deviation of trace
amplitude
No
STOREOPEN
Save current instrument state
No
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Command
41
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table 2-1
42
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Command
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
STORESHORT
Store short
No
STORETHRU
Store thru-calibration trace in
trace B
No
SUB
Subtract
No
SUM
Sum of trace element
amplitudes in display units
Yes
SUMSQR
Squares trace element
amplitudes & returns sum
No
SV
Saves state
Yes
Page 201
SWPCPL
Sweep couple
Yes
Page 202
SWPOUT
Sweep output
No
T1
Sets the trigger mode to free run
Yes
Page 203
T2
Sets the trigger mode to line
Yes
Page 204
T3
Sets the trigger mode to external
Yes
Page 205
T4
Sets the trigger mode to video
Yes
Page 206
TA
Returns trace A amplitude
values to controller
Yes
Page 207
TB
Returns trace B amplitude
values to controller
Yes
Page 208
TDF
Trace data format
Yes
Page 209
TEXT
Writes text on the analyzer
screen
No
TH
Threshold
Yes
THEN
Conditional Programming
(If…then…else…endif)
No
TIMEDATE
Allows setting of time & date
for analyzer
Yes
Page 211
TITLE
Title entry
Yes
Page 212
TM
Trigger Mode
Yes
Page 213
TRA
Returns trace A amplitude
values to controller
Yes
Page 214
Page 200
Page 210
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
Table 2-1
Alphanumeric List of all 8560 series Legacy Commands
Showing their N9061A Support
Description
Supported
by N9061A
Page for
Further
Details
TRB
Returns trace B amplitude
values to controller
Yes
Page 215
TRDEF
Trace define
No
TRIGPOL
Trigger polarity
Yes
Page 216
TS
Takes a sweep
Yes
Page 217
TWNDOW
Formats trace information for
FFT.
No
UNTIL
Conditional Programming
(Repeat…Until…)
No
VARDEF
Variable definition
No
VARIANCE
Returns the amplitude variance
of specified trace
No
VAVG
Turns video averaging on or off
Yes
Page 218
VB
Video Bandwidth
Yes
Page 219
VBR
Video Bandwidth Ratio
Yes
Page 220
VIEW
Stores and views the specified
trace
Yes
Page 221
VTL
Video trigger level
Yes
Page 222
Chapter 2
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Command
43
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Legacy Analyzer Command List
Table of All Legacy Analyzer Commands
44
Chapter 2
3
Hints and Tips
45
Hints and Tips
This chapter includes a list of helpful hints and tips that will help you get the most
from the N9061A application on your X-Series analyzer.
Hints and Tips
Hints and Tips
Hints and Tips
These pages lists a few hints and tips that will help you get the most from your
analyzer and the N9061A application.
•
Compatibility - speed and consistency - for best compatibility with your
legacy analyzer, the N9061A application should be used on the analyzer whose
frequency range most closely matches the frequency range of your legacy
analyzer. For example, the best match for the 8563E with its 26.5 GHz upper
frequency limit is the MXA N9020A - 526 analyzer which also has an upper
frequency limit of 26.5 GHz.
•
Sweep Times -When analyzing stationary signals, you can change to the Best
Speed setting, which is accessed from the Mode Setup > Preferences > Swp
Type Rule menu. This results in faster sweep times on a X-Series analyzer than
on the legacy analyzers because of the X-Series analyzer’s better performance.
In the majority of applications, this faster speed would be desirable, but that is
not always the case.
•
Time-out - Agilent recommends increasing the timeout on a serial poll
(SPOLL) due to differences in Sweep Times on some settings. Note, however,
that this may not be necessary when using the Best Speed setting on the
Preferences > Swp Type Rule menu (accessed from the Mode Setup
hardkey).
•
Synchronization (1) - to synchronize after an IP command, Agilent
recommends that you use the DONE command. We also suggest that the
DONE command is used in conjunction with a timeout of about 5 seconds in
case the analyzer starts to auto align. Alternatively, you could set auto
alignment to Off. To set auto alignment to Off, press System, Alignments,
Auto Align on the front panel.
•
Synchronization (2) - Agilent recommends that synchronization (using the
DONE command) is used with marker functions when signal tracking is turned
on.
•
Changing Modes - After changing into or out of RLC mode, allow at least a 1
second delay before sending subsequent commands.
•
AC and DC Coupling - The 8560 Series of legacy analyzers have one RF input
port, and support AC and DC coupling through the COUPLE command
(page 99).
Hints and Tips
WARNING
If the input signal to the X-series analyzer has a DC component, then ensure
that when you select a legacy instrument with a possible coupling change to
DC, the input signal does not exceed the input specifications of the X-series
analyzer.
The X-series analyzers also have one RF input port. When using the X-Series
analyzers, you must use DC coupling to see calibrated frequencies of less than 20
MHz. Signals of less than 20 MHz are not calibrated when using AC coupling on
these analyzers.
46
Chapter 3
Programming Commands
4
Programming Commands
This chapter lists all the supported 8560 Series compatible commands in
alphanumeric order, and gives brief details on their syntax and operation. For more
detailed information on these commands, see your 8560 Series User’s Guide.
47
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
Command Syntax
Command Syntax
Command syntax is represented pictorially.
NOTE
•
Ovals enclose command mnemonics. The command mnemonic must be
entered as shown with the exception that the case can be upper or lower.
•
Circles and ovals surround secondary keywords or special numbers and
characters. The characters in circles and ovals are considered reserved words
and must be entered as shown with the exception that the case can be upper or
lower.
•
Rectangles contain the description of a syntax element defined in Table 4-1,
“Syntax Elements.”
•
A loop above a syntax element indicates that the syntax element can be
repeated.
•
Solid lines represent the recommended path.
•
Dotted lines indicate an optional path for bypassing secondary keywords or
using alternate units.
•
Arrows and curved intersections indicate command path direction.
•
Semicolons are the recommended command terminators. Using semicolons
makes programs easier to read, prevents command misinterpretation, and is
recommended by IEEE Standard 728.
Uppercase is recommended for entering all commands unless otherwise noted.
Syntax Elements are shown in the syntax diagrams as elements within rectangles.
In the syntax diagrams, characters and secondary keywords are shown within
circles or ovals.
48
Chapter 4
Table 4-1
Syntax Elements
Syntax Component
Definition/Range
Analyzer command
Any analyzer command in this chapter, with required parameters and terminators.
Character
SP a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z databyte.
Character & EOI
8-bit byte containing only character data and followed by end-or-identify (EOI)
condition, where the EOI control line on GPIB is asserted to indicate the end of the
transmission. END signifies the EOI condition.
Character string
A list of characters.
Data byte
8-bit byte containing numeric or character data.
Data byte & EOI
8-bit byte containing numeric or character data followed by end-or-identify (EOI)
condition, where the EOI control line on GPIB is asserted to indicate the end of the
transmission. END signifies the EOI condition.
Delimiter
| \ @ ˆ $ % ; ! Matching characters that mark the beginning and end of a character
string, or a list of analyzer commands. Choose delimiting characters that are not used
within the string they delimit.
Digit
0123456789
lsb length
Represents the least significant byte of a two-byte word that describes the number of
bytes returned or transmitted. See msb length.
msb length
Represents the most significant byte of a two-byte word that describes the number of
bytes returned or transmitted. See lsb length.
Number
Expressed as integer, decimal, or in exponential (E) form.
Real Number Range: ± 1.797693134862315 × 10308, including 0.
Up to 15 significant figures allowed.
Numbers may be as small as ± 2.225073858507202 × 10−308
Integer Number Range: −32,768 through +32,767
Output termination
Line feed (LF) and end-or-identify (EOI) condition. ASCII code 10 (line feed) is sent
via GPIB and the end-or-identify control line on GPIB sets to indicate the end of the
transmission.
Units
Represent standard scientific units.
Frequency Units: GZ, GHZ, MZ, MHZ, KZ, KHZ, HZ
Amplitude Units: DB, DBMV, DM, DBM, DBUV, V, MV, UV, W, MW, UW
Time Units: SC, S, MS, US
Chapter 4
49
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
Command Syntax
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
Programming Command Descriptions
Programming Command Descriptions
All supported commands are listed here, along with their descriptions and
cross-references to similar commands.
This chapter is not designed to be a comprehensive guide to all 8560 Series
commands. It gives brief descriptions of the supported commands, and highlights
important functional or behavioral differences that you should be aware of when
transferring existing 8560 Series code to your X-Series analyzer. For a fuller
description of the commands, refer to the 8560 Series or Operating and
Programming Manual.
In the descriptions of the commands, TRA corresponds to Trace 1 and TRB
corresponds to Trace 2.
To avoid confusion between numbers and letters, all commands that incorporate
numbers have had the number spelled out and placed in square brackets after the
command. For example, the command ‘I1’ is shown as ‘I1 [one]’ - that is, the
capital letter ‘I’ followed by the number ‘1’, and then the word ‘one’ italicized in
square brackets. The italicized word in brackets does not form part of the
command.
50
Chapter 4
A1 [one]
Clear Write for Trace A
Syntax
A1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The A1 command sets Trace A to clear write which means that it continuously
displays any signal present at the analyzer input. The A1 command initially clears
Trace A, setting all elements to zero.
NOTE
The functions of the command A1 are identical to the CLRW TRA command
(page 96).
Chapter 4
51
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
A1 [one] Clear Write for Trace A
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
A2 [two] Maximum Hold for Trace A
A2 [two]
Maximum Hold for Trace A
Syntax
A2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The A2 command updates each trace element with the maximum level detected
during the period that the trace has been active.
NOTE
The functions of the command A2 are identical to the MXMH TRA command
(page 171).
52
Chapter 4
A3 [three]
View Mode for Trace A
Syntax
A3
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The A3 command displays Trace A and then stops the sweep if no other traces are
active. Trace A does not get updated with new data.
NOTE
The functions of the command A3 are identical to the VIEW TRA command
(page 221).
Chapter 4
53
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
A3 [three] View Mode for Trace A
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
A4 [four] Blank Trace A
A4 [four]
Blank Trace A
Syntax
A4
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The A4 command blanks Trace A and stops the sweep if no other traces are active.
Trace A is not updated.
NOTE
The functions of the command A4 are identical to the BLANK TRA command
(page 85).
54
Chapter 4
ACPALPHA
Adjacent Channel Power Alpha Weighting
Syntax
ACPALPHA
SP
real
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
This command sets the alpha weighting for ACP measurements.
Range:
Chapter 4
Any real number between 0 and 1
55
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPALPHA Adjacent Channel Power Alpha Weighting
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPALTCH Adjacent Channel Power Alternate Channels
ACPALTCH
Adjacent Channel Power Alternate Channels
Syntax
ACPALTCH
SP
0
;
1
LF
2
?
CR
SP
,
Description
The ACPALTCH command sets the number of alternate channels to be measured
by an adjacent channel power measurement to either 0, 1, or 2. The number of
alternate channels is used with the ACPRSLTS command (page 67).
Range:
0, 1, or 2.
Default value:
0.
56
Chapter 4
ACPBRPER
Adjacent Channel Power Burst Period
Syntax
ACPBRPER
SP
real
S
;
MS
LF
US
CR
SC
?
SP
,
Description
The ACPBRPER command sets the cycle time (period) of the burst RF signal. The
cycle time is needed to set the sweep times when using the peak, two bandwidth,
burst power, and gated methods for adjacent channel power measurements.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only and therefore, although the user can set ACPBRPER, it does not do
anything when in RLC mode.
Chapter 4
57
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPBRPER Adjacent Channel Power Burst Period
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPBRWID Adjacent Channel Power Burst Width
ACPBRWID
Adjacent Channel Power Burst Width
Syntax
ACPBRWID
SP
real
S
;
MS
LF
US
CR
SC
?
SP
,
Description
The ACPBRWID command sets the on-time (pulse width) of the burst RF signal.
The pulse width is needed to set the gating times when using the gated method for
adjacent channel power measurements.
Range
NOTE
5 μs to 9.5 seconds
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only and therefore, although the user can set ACPBRWID, it does not do
anything when in RLC mode.
58
Chapter 4
ACPBW
Adjacent Channel Power Bandwidth
Syntax
ACPBW
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
UP
KZ
DOWN
MZ
SP
,
GZ
?
Description
The ACPBW command sets the bandwidth of the channels as an active function
for the ACPMEAS (page 64) and ACPCOMPUTE (page 60) commands.
Chapter 4
59
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPBW Adjacent Channel Power Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPCOMPUTE Adjacent Channel Power Compute
ACPCOMPUTE
Adjacent Channel Power Compute
Syntax
ACPCOMPUTE
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Calculates the ACP of a transmitter based on data on the display. This function
does not make a new measurement before computing. The measurement must have
been made with ANALOG or PEAK method selected so the appropriate data is
available for the calculation.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
60
Chapter 4
ACPFRQWT
Adjacent Channel Power Frequency Weighting
Syntax
ACPFRQWT
SP
RRCOS
;
OFF
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Description
The ACPFRQWT command is used to control the frequency weighting when
making an Adjacent Channel Power measurement. Weighting is not used in the
measurement if OFF has been selected. Root-raised-cosine weighting is selected
with the RRCOS parameter.
Default value:
NOTE
OFF
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
Chapter 4
61
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPFRQWT Adjacent Channel Power Frequency Weighting
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPLOWER Lower Adjacent Channel Power
ACPLOWER
Lower Adjacent Channel Power
Syntax
ACPLOWER
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ACPLOWER query command returns the power ratio result of the Adjacent
Channel Power measurement for the lower frequency channel.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
62
Chapter 4
ACPMAX
Maximum Adjacent Channel Power
Syntax
ACPMAX
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
The ACPMAX query command returns the maximum adjacent channel power of
the adjacent channel power measurement.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
Chapter 4
63
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPMAX Maximum Adjacent Channel Power
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPMEAS Measure Adjacent Channel Power
ACPMEAS
Measure Adjacent Channel Power
Syntax
ACPMEAS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ACPMEAS command makes a measurement and calculates the adjacent
channel power (ACP) of a transmitter. The measurement determines the leakage
power that is in the channels adjacent to the carrier. The result is the ratio of the
leakage power in the channel adjacent to the total power transmitted by the
transmitter.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
64
Chapter 4
ACPMSTATE
Adjacent Channel Power Measurement State
Syntax
ACPMSTATE
SP
CURR
;
DFLT
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets the parameters of the measurement state to either the default state (determined
by the setup) or the current state. The state parameters that could change between
the default state and a current state include:
•
Resolution bandwidth
•
Video bandwidth
•
Span
•
Sweep time
•
Detector mode
•
Gating parameters
•
Trigger parameters
•
Video averaging
Default value:
NOTE
DFLT
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
Chapter 4
65
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPMSTATE Adjacent Channel Power Measurement State
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPPWRTX Adjacent Channel Power Total Power Transmitted
ACPPWRTX
Adjacent Channel Power Total Power Transmitted
Syntax
ACPPWRTX
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ACPPWRTX query command returns the result of the total power transmitted
calculation of the adjacent channel power measurement. The measurement must be
made with the analog or burst power method selected.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
66
Chapter 4
ACPRSLTS
Adjacent Channel Power Measurement Results
Syntax
ACPRSLTS
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns an array of power data resulting from an ACP measurement of an RF
signal. The number of alternate channel pairs selected by the ACPALTCH
(page 56) command determines the size of the array.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
Chapter 4
67
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPRSLTS Adjacent Channel Power Measurement Results
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPSP Adjacent Channel Power Channel Spacing
ACPSP
Adjacent Channel Power Channel Spacing
Syntax
ACPSP
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
UP
KZ
DOWN
MZ
SP
,
GZ
?
Description
Sets the channel spacing for the ACPMEAS (page 64) and ACPCOMPUTE
(page 60) commands.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
68
Chapter 4
ACPT
Adjacent Channel Power T Weighting
Syntax
ACPT
SP
real
S
;
MS
LF
US
CR
SC
SP
?
,
Description
The ACPT command is used to set the T used in weighting for an adjacent channel
power measurement.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
Chapter 4
69
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPT Adjacent Channel Power T Weighting
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ACPUPPER Upper Adjacent Channel Power
ACPUPPER
Upper Adjacent Channel Power
Syntax
ACPUPPER
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ACPUPPER query command returns the power ratio result of the adjacent
channel power measurement for the upper frequency channel.
NOTE
The N9061A application supports the ACP measurement using the ANALOG
method only.
70
Chapter 4
ADJALL
LO and IF Adjustments
Syntax
ADJALL
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ADJALL command activates the RF local oscillator (LO) and intermediate
frequency (IF) alignment routines. These are the same routines that occur when the
analyzer is switched on. They are also the same routines that are performed when
you press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
Commands following ADJALL are not executed until after the analyzer has
finished the alignment routines.
Chapter 4
71
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ADJALL LO and IF Adjustments
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
AMB A minus B into A
AMB
A minus B into A
Syntax
AMB
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Description
The AMB command subtracts the points in Trace B from the corresponding points
in Trace A, and sends the results to Trace A. Thus, AMB can restore the original
trace after an APB (page 75) command has been executed.
The query command AMB? returns different responses depending on the language
being used. The 8560 Series languages return either a 1 or a 0 to indicate the On or
Off status.
NOTE
The functions of the command AMB are identical to the C2 [two] command
(page 88).
72
Chapter 4
AMBPL
(A minus B) plus Display Line into A
Syntax
AMBPL
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Description
The AMBPL command does a point-by-point subtraction of Trace B from Trace A,
and then adds the display line point values to the difference. The results are sent to
Trace A.
The query command AMBPL? returns different responses depending on the
language being used.
Query response is either 1 or 0, indicating ON or OFF state.
Chapter 4
73
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
AMBPL (A minus B) plus Display Line into A
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ANNOT Annotation
ANNOT
Annotation
Syntax
ANNOT
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Preset State: ANNOT ON
Description
The ANNOT command turns on or off all annotation on the analyzer display.
Softkey labels are not affected by this command and remain displayed.
74
Chapter 4
APB
Trace A Plus Trace B to A
Syntax
APB
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The APB command does a point-by-point addition of Trace A and Trace B, and
sends the results to Trace A. Thus, APB can restore the original trace after an
AMB (page 72) or a C2 (page 88) command has been executed.
Chapter 4
75
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
APB Trace A Plus Trace B to A
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
AT Input Attenuation
AT
Input Attenuation
Syntax
AT
SP
number
DB
;
LF
UP
SP
DN
CR
AUTO
SP
MAN
,
OA
?
Table 4-2
Item
Description/Default
Number
Any real number or
integer. If the value you
enter is not a valid value
for the analyzer you are
using, it switches
automatically to the
closest valid setting.
Default units are dB.
Range
0 to 70 dB specified absolutely
and
10 to 70 dB in 10 dB stepsa
a. The range is limited to 0 to 60 dB if 8564E/EC or 8565E/EC is selected.
Preset State: 10 dB
Step Increment: 10 dB
Description
Specifies the RF input attenuation.
Although the attenuation level in the X-series of analyzers can be specified using
absolute values, you can never set attenuation below 10 dB using the DOWN
steps. This is a safety feature to prevent inadvertent setting of attenuation to a level
that could damage the analyzer.
CAUTION
Signal levels above +30 dBm will damage the signal analyzer.
NOTE
You cannot step down below 10 dB. To set levels below 10 dB, you must specify
the attenuation absolutely. For example, to set attenuation to 0 dB, you must use
the command AT 0DB.
76
Chapter 4
AUNITS
Absolute Amplitude Units
Syntax
AUNITS
SP
AUTO
;
MAN
LF
DBM
CR
DBMV
DBUV
V
SP
,
W
DM
?
Description
Specifies the amplitude readout units for the reference level, the marker, and the
display line.
NOTE
If the AUNITS setting is AUTO, then a change from log scale (LG) to linear scale
(LN) automatically changes the AUNITS setting. For all other settings, no change
to AUNITS occurs, even when the scale is changed.
Chapter 4
77
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
AUNITS Absolute Amplitude Units
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
AUTOCPL Auto Coupled
AUTOCPL
Auto Coupled
Syntax
AUTOCPL
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets video bandwidth, resolution bandwidth, input attenuation, sweep time and
center frequency step-size to coupled mode.
78
Chapter 4
AXB
Exchange Trace A and Trace B
Syntax
AXB
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
This command exchanges Trace A and Trace B, point by point.
Chapter 4
79
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
AXB Exchange Trace A and Trace B
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
B1 [one] Clear Write for Trace B
B1 [one]
Clear Write for Trace B
Syntax
B1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The B1 command sets Trace B to clear write. That is, it continuously displays any
signal present at the analyzer input. The B1 command initially clears Trace B,
setting all elements to zero. The sweep trigger then signals the start of the sweep,
and Trace B is continually updated as the sweep progresses. Subsequent sweeps
send new amplitude information to the display addresses.
The functions of the command B1 are identical to the CLRW TRB command
(page 96).
80
Chapter 4
B2 [two]
Maximum Hold for Trace B
Syntax
B2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The B2 command updates each trace element with the maximum level detected
while the trace is active.
The functions of the command B2 are identical to the MXMH TRB command
(page 171).
Chapter 4
81
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
B2 [two] Maximum Hold for Trace B
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
B3 [three] View Mode for Trace B
B3 [three]
View Mode for Trace B
Syntax
B3
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The B3 command displays Trace B and then stops the sweep if no other traces are
active. Trace B does not get updated.
The functions of the command B3 are identical to the VIEW TRB command
(page 221).
82
Chapter 4
B4 [four]
Blank Trace B
Syntax
B4
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The B4 command blanks Trace B and stops the sweep if no other traces are active.
Trace B is not updated.
The functions of the command B4 are identical to the BLANK TRB command
(page 85).
Chapter 4
83
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
B4 [four] Blank Trace B
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
BL Trace B minus Display Line to Trace B
BL
Trace B minus Display Line to Trace B
Syntax
BL
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The BL command subtracts the display line from Trace B and sends the results to
Trace B.
The command BL is calculated in units of dBm.
The functions of the command BL are identical to the BML command (page 86).
84
Chapter 4
BLANK
Blank Trace
Syntax
BLANK
SP
TRA
;
TRB
LF
CR
SP
,
Preset State: BLANK TRB
Description
Blanks Trace 1 or trace 2 and stops taking new data into the specified trace. TRA
corresponds to Trace 1 and TRB corresponds to Trace 2.
The functions of the command BLANK are identical to the A4 command
(page 54) and the B4 command (page 83).
For information on the trace settings of the X-series analyzers when legacy
instrument trace settings are sent, see Table 4-4, “8560 series command mapping
to X-series for trace/detector settings.”
Chapter 4
85
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
BLANK Blank Trace
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
BML Trace B Minus Display Line
BML
Trace B Minus Display Line
Syntax
BML
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The BML command subtracts the display line from trace B (point by point), and
sends the difference to trace B. Trace B corresponds to Trace 2.
The command BML uses units of dBm.
The functions of the command BML are identical to the BL command (page 84).
86
Chapter 4
C1 [one]
Set A Minus B Mode Off
Syntax
C1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The C1 command turns the A Minus B mode off. That is, it switches off the
functionality that was switched on by the C2 command (page 88) or by the AMB
ON command (page 72).
The functions of the command C1 are identical to the AMB OFF command
(page 72).
Chapter 4
87
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
C1 [one] Set A Minus B Mode Off
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
C2 [two] A Minus B Into A
C2 [two]
A Minus B Into A
Syntax
C2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The C2 command subtracts the points in Trace B from the corresponding points in
Trace A, and sends the results to Trace A. Thus, if your input signal remains
unchanged, C2 can restore the original trace after an APB command (page 75) has
been executed.
The functions of the command C2 are identical to the AMB ON command
(page 72).
88
Chapter 4
CA
Couple Attenuation
Syntax
CA
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
During normal operation, the analyzer’s input attenuation is coupled to the
reference level. This coupling keeps the mixer input at a level such that a
continuous wave signal displayed at the reference level is at or below -10 dBm (or
the value specified in the ML command.)
The CA command sets the threshold to -10 dBm (or to the value specified by the
ML command (page 168). The counterpart to the CA command is the AT
command (page 76), which allows levels less than the threshold value at the mixer
input.
Chapter 4
89
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CA Couple Attenuation
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CARROFF Carrier Off Power
CARROFF
Carrier Off Power
Syntax
CARROFF
SP
TRA
,
?
TRB
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Measures the average and peak power of the carrier during the portion of time
when the power is off (when it is not within 20 dB of its peak level). The powers
are combined to provide a calculation of the leakage power.
The measurement needs to be in zero span for the measurement to run.
90
Chapter 4
CARRON
Carrier On Power
Syntax
CARRON
SP
TRA
,
?
TRB
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Measures the average power of the carrier during the portion of time when it is on
and within 20 dB of its peak level.
The measurement needs to be in zero span for the measurement to run.
Chapter 4
91
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CARRON Carrier On Power
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CF Center Frequency
CF
Center Frequency
Syntax
CF
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
SP
KZ
MZ
,
GZ
SP
UP
DN
OA
?
Table 4-3
Item
REAL
Description/Default
Any real or integer number.
Default unit is HZ.
Range
Frequency range of the analyzer
Description
The CF command specifies the value of the center frequency.
The step size depends on whether the frequency has been coupled to the span
width using the CS command (page 101). When coupled, the step size is 10% of
the span, or one major graticule division; when uncoupled, the step size is
determined by the SS command (page 197).
NOTE
Although the analyzer allows entry of frequencies not in the specified frequency
range, using frequencies outside the frequency span of the analyzer is not
recommended and is not warranted to meet specifications.
92
Chapter 4
CHANNEL
Channel Selection
Syntax
CHANNEL
SP
UP
;
DN
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Increments or decrements the analyzer center frequency by one channel spacing.
NOTE
The channel spacing value is set using the ACPSP command (page 68).
Chapter 4
93
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CHANNEL Channel Selection
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CHANPWR Channel Power
CHANPWR
Channel Power
Syntax
CHANPWR
TRA
SP
TRB
,
real
HZ
,
KHZ
?
;
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
,
GZ
Description
Measures the power within the specified channel bandwidth.
NOTE
If no channel bandwidth is specified in the command, the channel bandwidth is set
using the CHPWRBR command (page 95).
94
Chapter 4
CHPWRBW
Channel Power Bandwidth
Syntax
CHPWRBW
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
,
GZ
SP
UP
DN
OA
?
Description
Queries or sets the current value of the channel power bandwidth. Channel power
can be measured with the CHANPWR command (page 94).
Chapter 4
95
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CHPWRBW Channel Power Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CLRW Clear Write
CLRW
Clear Write
Clears the specified trace and enables trace data acquisition.
Syntax
CLRW
SP
TRA
;
TRB
LF
CR
SP
,
Preset State: CLRW TRA
Description
The CLRW command places the indicated trace in clear-write mode. Data
acquisition begins at the next sweep. (See the TS command (page 217) for more
information about data acquisition.)
TRA corresponds to Trace 1 and TRB corresponds to Trace 2.
NOTE
The functions of the command CLRW are identical to the A1 command (page 51)
and B1 command (page 80).
On the 8560 series of analyzers the trace settings are set by the trace mode
parameters, CLRW, VIEW, BLANK, MINH and MAXH and the averaging
settings by VAVG. On the X-series the same settings are set in the Trace/Detector
and View/Blank parameters. The following table describes what the N9061A
application sets in the X-series box when the legacy commands for trace mode and
averaging are sent.
96
Chapter 4
Table 4-4
8560 series command mapping to X-series for trace/detector settings
8560 series
X-series
Trace
commands
Averaging
(VAVG)
Detector
(DET)
Trace/Detector
Trace Type
View/Blank
Detector
CLWR
Off
Normal
ClearWrite
On
Last set
CLWR
On
Sample
Trace Average
On
Sample
MXMH
Off
Peak
Max Hold
On
Peak
MXMH
On
Sample
Trace Average
On
Peak
MINH
Off
NegPeak
Min Hold
On
NegPeak
MINH
On
Sample
Trace Average
On
NegPeak
VIEW
Off
Normal
No change
View
No change
VIEW
On
Sample
Trace Average
View
Sample
BLANK
Off
Normal
No change
Blank
No change
BLANK
On
Sample
Trace Average
Blank
Sample
For example if the 8560 series sends CLRW and the averaging is set to ON, the
8560 series analyzer detector is automatically set to Sample. The N9061A
application sets the X-series instrument trace type to Trace Average, View/Blank
to On and the Detector to Sample.
Chapter 4
97
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CLRW Clear Write
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CONTS Continuous Sweep
CONTS
Continuous Sweep
Syntax
CONTS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Preset State: CONTS
Description
The CONTS command sets the analyzer to continuous sweep mode. In the
continuous sweep mode, the analyzer takes its next sweep as soon as possible after
the current sweep (as long as the trigger conditions are met). A sweep may
temporarily be interrupted by data entries made over the remote interface or from
the front panel.
NOTE
The functions of the command CONTS are identical to the S1 command
(page 188).
98
Chapter 4
COUPLE
Input Coupling
Syntax
COUPLE
SP
AC
;
DC
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Description
The COUPLE command selects AC or DC coupling.
NOTE
When using the X-series analyzers, you must use DC coupling to see calibrated
frequencies of less than 20 MHz. Signals of less than 20 MHz are not calibrated
when using AC coupling on these analyzers.
Chapter 4
99
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
COUPLE Input Coupling
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CR Couple Resolution Bandwidth
CR
Couple Resolution Bandwidth
Syntax
CR
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The CR command couples the resolution bandwidth to the span.
The counterpart to the CR command is the RB command (page 180) which breaks
the coupling. Use the CR command to re-establish coupling after executing an RB
command.
NOTE
CR uses the legacy instrument settings for resolution bandwidth only if Mode
Setup > Preferences> Limit RBW/VBW is set to ON.
100
Chapter 4
CS
Couple Frequency Step Size
Syntax
CS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The CS command couples the center frequency step size to the span width so that
the step size equals 10% of the span width, or one major graticule division.
The counterpart to the CS command is the SS command (page 197) which breaks
the coupling. Use the CS command to re-establish coupling after an SS command
has been executed.
Chapter 4
101
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CS Couple Frequency Step Size
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CT Couple Sweep Time
CT
Couple Sweep Time
Syntax
CT
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The CT command couples the sweep time to the span, resolution bandwidth and
video bandwidth.
The counterpart to the CT command is the ST command (page 198) which breaks
the coupling. Use the CT command to re-establish coupling after an ST command
has been executed.
102
Chapter 4
CV
Couple Video Bandwidth
Syntax
CV
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The CV command couples the video bandwidth to the resolution bandwidth.
The counterpart to the CV command is the VB command (page 219) which breaks
the coupling. Use the CV command to re-establish coupling after executing a VB
command.
NOTE
CV uses the legacy signal analyzer settings for video bandwidth only if Mode
Setup > Preferences> Limit RBW/VBW is set to ON.
Chapter 4
103
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
CV Couple Video Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
DELMKBW Occupied Power Bandwidth Within Delta Marker
DELMKBW
Occupied Power Bandwidth Within Delta Marker
Syntax
DELMKBW
SP
TRA
TRB
,
real
,
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Calculates the OBW with respect to the power between the displayed delta
markers. The power between the displayed markers is then used as the reference,
rather than using the total power in the frequency span as is done in the PWRBW
(page 179) command.
If the DELMKBW command is used when no marker is active, a delta marker is
activated at the center frequency, and the returned bandwidth is 0. If the active
marker is a normal marker when the DELMKBW command is used, the marker
type is changed to delta, and the returned bandwidth is 0.
104
Chapter 4
DET
Detection Mode
Syntax
DET
SP
POS
;
SMP
LF
NEG
CR
NRM
?
SP
,
Preset State: DET NRM
Description
The DET command selects the type of analyzer detection (positive-peak, negative
peak, sample, normal, and so on).
POS
enables positive-peak detection, which displays the maximum
video signal detected over a number of instantaneous samples
for a particular frequency.
SMP
enables sample detection, which uses the instantaneous video
signal value. Video averaging and noise-level markers, when
activated, activate sample detection automatically.
NEG
enables negative peak detection.
NRM
enables the ‘rosenfell’ detection algorithm that selectively
chooses between positive and negative values.
Chapter 4
105
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
DET Detection Mode
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
DL Display Line
DL
Display Line
Syntax
DL
SP
number
SP
DB
;
DBM
LF
UP
DBMV
DN
DBUV
OFF
MV
ON
UV
CR
SP
,
V
MW
UW
W
DM
?
Table 4-5
Item
NUMBER
Description/Default
Any real or integer number.
Default units are dBm.
Range
Dependent on the reference level
Preset State: DL OFF
Step Increment: 1 major graticule division
Description
Defines the level of the display line and displays it on the analyzer screen.
106
Chapter 4
DLYSWP
Delay Sweep
Syntax
DLYSWP
SP
number
US
;
MS
LF
SC
CR
S
ON
SP
SP
OFF
,
1
SP
0
?
Description
Delays the start of the sweep until the specified time after the trigger event has
elapsed.
NOTE
A query response of 0 indicates that DLYSWP is switched off.
Chapter 4
107
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
DLYSWP Delay Sweep
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
DONE Done
DONE
Done
Syntax
DONE
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Allows you to determine when the analyzer has parsed a list of analyzer commands
and has executed all commands prior to and including DONE. The DONE
command returns a value of “1” when all commands in a command string or
command list have been completed.
If a take sweep (TS command (page 217)) precedes the command list, the TS
command acts as a synchronizing function since the command list execution
begins after the sweep has been completed.
108
Chapter 4
E1[one]
Peak Marker
Syntax
E1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The E1 command positions the marker at the signal peak.
NOTE
The functions of the E1 command are identical to MKPK (no secondary keyword)
and MKPK HI (page 160).
Chapter 4
109
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
E1[one] Peak Marker
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
E2 [two] Marker to Center Frequency
E2 [two]
Marker to Center Frequency
Syntax
E2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The E2 command positions the marker on the screen at the center frequency
position.
NOTE
The functions of the E2 command are identical to the MKCF command
(page 150).
110
Chapter 4
E3 [three]
Delta Marker Step Size
Syntax
E3
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The E3 command establishes the center frequency step size as being the frequency
difference between the delta marker and the active marker.
NOTE
The functions of the E3 command are identical to the MKSS command (page 165).
Chapter 4
111
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
E3 [three] Delta Marker Step Size
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
E4 [four] Marker to Reference Level
E4 [four]
Marker to Reference Level
Syntax
E4
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The E4 command moves the active marker to the reference level.
NOTE
The functions of the E4 command are identical to the MKRL command
(page 163).
112
Chapter 4
ERR
Error
Syntax
ERR
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ERR command returns a list of three-digit error codes if errors are present. A
code of “0” means that there are no errors present. Executing ERR? clears all
GPIB errors.
If a command is a valid legacy command but not accepted by the N9061A
application, no error message is generated and the response to ERR? is 0.
However, if logging is enabled, the N9061A application command log registers a
“Cmd not Supported” error.
If a command is not a valid legacy command, a command error is generated; CMD
ERR is displayed on the front panel and the response to ERR? is 112. If logging is
enabled then Cmd Error is written to the command error log.
Table 4-6
Error Code
112
Description
CMD ERR
Error codes are provided in RLC mode for some X-series errors such as external
reference, hardware and alignment errors. The X-series error codes are translated
to 8560 series error codes so that an error query returns the legacy instrument error
code. To review the error via the front panel, select the System hardkey and then
select Show > Errors. The following table shows the X-series error codes and the
translated value.
Chapter 4
113
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ERR Error
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ERR Error
Table 4-7
X-series
error code
Description
8560 series
error code
Description
40
TG Alignment Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
42
RF Alignment Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
44
IF Alignment Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
46
LO Alignment Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
48
ADC Alignment Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
50
FM Demod Alignment
Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
54
Extended Align Failure
Sum
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
71
Characterize Preselector
Failure
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
-200.3310
Execution Error;
Preselector Centering
failed
758
SYSTEM: Unknown system error
503
Frequency Reference
Unlocked
336
10 MHz Ref Cal oscillator failed to lock
when going to internal 10 MHz
reference.
505
2nd LO Unlocked
336
10 MHz Ref Cal oscillator failed to lock
when going to internal 10 MHz
reference.
509
LO Unlocked
300
YTO UNL: YTO (1st LO) phase-locked
loop (PLL) is unlocked.
513
IF Synthesizer Unlocked
450
IF SYSTM: IF hardware failure. Check
other error messages.
515
Calibration Oscillator
Unlocked
336
10 MHz Ref: Cal oscillator failed to lock
when going to internal 10 MHz
reference
521
External Ref missing or
out of range
905,333
EXT REF: Unable to lock cal oscillator
when set to external reference. Check
that the external reference is within
tolerance.
600 UNLK: 600 MHz reference
oscillator PLL is unlocked
114
Chapter 4
ET
Elapsed Time
Syntax
ET
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ET command returns to the controller the elapsed time (in hours) of analyzer
operation.
Chapter 4
115
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ET Elapsed Time
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
EX Exchange Trace A and Trace B
EX
Exchange Trace A and Trace B
Syntax
EX
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
This command exchanges Trace A and Trace B, point by point.
NOTE
The functions of the EX command are identical to the AXB command (page 79).
116
Chapter 4
FA
Start Frequency
Syntax
FA
SP
HZ
real
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
SP
KZ
MZ
,
GZ
UP
SP
DN
OA
?
Table 4-8
Item
REAL
Description/Default
Any real or integer number.
Default unit is Hz.
Range
Frequency range of the analyzer
Step Increment: Frequency span divided by 10
Description
The FA command specifies the start frequency value. The start frequency is equal
to the center frequency minus (the span divided by two) (FA = CF − SP/2).
Changing the start frequency changes the center frequency and span.
NOTE
The OA parameter only returns the current value to the controller. It does not set
the active function to the start frequency.
Chapter 4
117
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FA Start Frequency
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FB Stop Frequency
FB
Stop Frequency
Syntax
FB
SP
real
HZ
KHZ
;
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
,
GZ
UP
SP
DN
OA
?
Table 4-9
Item
REAL
Description/Default
Any real or integer number.
Default unit is Hz.
Range
Frequency range of the analyzer
Step Increment: Frequency span divided by 10
Description
The FB command specifies the stop frequency value. The stop frequency is equal
to the center frequency plus the span divided by two (FB = CF + SP/2). Changing
the stop frequency changes the center frequency and span.
NOTE
The OA parameter only returns the current value to the controller. It does not set
the active function to the stop frequency.
118
Chapter 4
FDSP
Frequency Display Off
Syntax
FDSP
OFF
SP
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The FDSP command turns the frequency annotation OFF.
NOTE
It is not possible enable or disable the frequency annotation alone, leaving other
annotation unaffected. Thus, the FDSP command behaves in the same way as
ANNOT (page 74) If the FDSP command has been used to disable the frequency
annotation, sending the ANNOT ON command does not re-enable the display
annotation. The display annotation is only displayed by sending the IP (page 134)
command.
Chapter 4
119
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FDSP Frequency Display Off
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FOFFSET Frequency Offset
FOFFSET
Frequency Offset
Syntax
FOFFSET
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
SP
KZ
MZ
,
GZ
UP
SP
DN
OA
?
Table 4-10
Item
REAL
Description/Default
Range
Any real or integer number.
Default unit is Hz.
Preset State: 0 Hz
Description
The FOFFSET command selects a value that offsets the frequency scale for all
absolute frequency readouts (for example, center frequency). Relative values such
as span and marker delta are not offset.
When an offset is in effect, it is displayed beneath the bottom graticule line on the
analyzer screen.
Execute “FOFFSET 0;” or “IP;” to turn off the offset.
120
Chapter 4
FREF
Frequency Reference
Syntax
FREF
SP
INT
;
EXT
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Description
The FREF command specifies whether an external source or an internal source is
being used.
Chapter 4
121
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FREF Frequency Reference
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FS Full Span
FS
Full Span
Syntax
FS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The FS command sets the frequency span of the analyzer to full span. Resolution
bandwidth, video bandwidth, and sweep time are all set to auto-coupled.
NOTE
Whenever the frequency range of the analyzer you are using does not match the
remote language’s own range, the span is limited by the capabilities of the
replacement analyzer. The tables on the following pages list the frequency ranges
for all the supported remote languages when running on any of Agilent’s X-series
analyzers.
122
Chapter 4
Table 4-11
Table 4-12
EXA Series - Frequency Ranges Set by the FS Command
N9010A-503
N9010A-507
N9010A-513
N9010A-526
Remote
Language
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
8560E/EC
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
8561E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 6.5 GHz
0 Hz - 6.5 GHz
0 Hz - 6.5 GHz
8562E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 7.0 GHz
0 Hz - 13.2 GHz
0 Hz - 13.2 GHz
8563E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 7.0 GHz
0 Hz - 13.6 GHz
0 Hz - 27.0 GHz
8564E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 7.0 GHz
0 Hz - 13.6 GHz
0 Hz - 27.0 GHz
8565E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 7.0 GHz
0 Hz - 13.6 GHz
0 Hz - 27.0 GHz
MXA Series - Frequency Ranges Set by the FS Command
N9020A-503
N9020A-508
N9020A-513
N9020A-526
Remote
Language
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
Frequency Range
8560E/EC
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
0 Hz - 2.9 GHz
8561E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 6.5 GHz
0 Hz - 6.5 GHz
0 Hz - 6.5 GHz
8562E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 8.4 GHz
0 Hz - 13.2 GHz
0 Hz - 13.2 GHz
8563E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 8.4 GHz
0 Hz - 13.6 GHz
0 Hz - 27.0 GHz
8564E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 8.4 GHz
0 Hz - 13.6 GHz
0 Hz - 27.0 GHz
8565E/EC
0 Hz - 3.6 GHz
0 Hz - 8.4 GHz
0 Hz - 13.6 GHz
0 Hz - 27.0 GHz
Chapter 4
123
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
FS Full Span
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
GATE Gate
GATE
Gate
Syntax
GATE
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Preset State: GATE OFF
Description
Turns the time-gating function on or off. When the time-gating function is turned
on, the analyzer activates the time gate circuitry according to the parameters
controlled by gate length (GL), gate delay (GD) and the gate trigger input.
Query response is either 1 or 0, indicating ON or OFF state.
124
Chapter 4
GATECTL
Gate Control
Syntax
GATECTL
SP
EDGE
;
LEVEL
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Preset State: GATECTL EDGE
Description
Selects between the edge and level mode for time gate function. In the edge mode,
a specified trigger edge starts the gate delay timer that in turn starts the gate length
timer. In the level mode, the gate follows the trigger input level. The gate delay
timer (GD) and the gate time length (GL) are operational in the edge mode, but not
in the level mode.
Chapter 4
125
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
GATECTL Gate Control
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
GD Gate Delay
GD
Gate Delay
Syntax
GD
SP
US
real
MS
;
LF
SC
CR
S
SP
SP
UP
DN
,
OA
?
Preset State: 3 μs
Description
Sets the delay time from when the gate trigger occurs to when the gate is turned on.
GD only applies if GATECTL is set to EDGE.
126
Chapter 4
GL
Gate Length
Syntax
GL
SP
US
real
MS
;
LF
SC
CR
S
SP
SP
UP
DN
,
OA
?
Preset State: 1 μs
Description
Sets the length of time the time gate is turned on. GL only applies if GATECTL is
set to EDGE.
Chapter 4
127
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
GL Gate Length
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
GP Gate Polarity
GP
Gate Polarity
Syntax
GP
SP
NEG
;
POS
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Preset State: GP POS
Description
Sets the polarity (positive or negative) for the gate trigger. If the gate control
(GATECTL) is in the edge mode, the gate delay timer can be triggered on either a
positive or negative edge of the trigger input. If the gate control is in level mode
and positive is selected, the gate is on when the trigger input is high. If the gate
control is in level mode and negative is selected, the gate is on when the trigger is
low.
128
Chapter 4
GRAT
Graticule
Syntax
GRAT
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Preset State: GRAT ON
Description
Turns the graticule on or off.
Query response is either 1 or 0, indicating ON or OFF state.
Chapter 4
129
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
GRAT Graticule
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
HD Hold Data Entry
HD
Hold Data Entry
Syntax
HD
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Disables data entry via the analyzer numeric keypad, knob, or step keys. The
active function readout is blanked, and any active function is deactivated.
130
Chapter 4
I1 [one]
Set RF Coupling to DC
Syntax
I1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The I1 [one] command sets the RF coupling to DC.
The tables below list the frequency specifications for all EXA series and MXA
analyzers for both DC and AC coupling.
Table 4-13
Table 4-14
NOTE
EXA Series Analyzer Frequency Coupling Specifications
DC Coupled Range
AC Coupled Range
Analyzer Model
(N9010A)
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Option 503
9 kHz
3.6 GHz
10 MHz
3.6 GHz
Option 507
9 kHz
7.0 GHz
10 MHz
7.0 GHz
Option 513
9 kHz
13.6 GHz
10 MHz
13.6 GHz
Option 526
9 kHz
27.0 GHz
10 MHz
27.0 GHz
MXA Series Analyzer Frequency Coupling Specifications
DC Coupled Range
AC Coupled Range
Analyzer Model
(N9020A)
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Option 503
20 Hz
3.6 GHz
10 MHz
3.6 GHz
Option 508
20 Hz
8.4 GHz
10 MHz
8.4 GHz
Option 513
20 Hz
13.6 GHz
10 MHz
13.6 GHz
Option 526
20 Hz
27.0 GHz
10 MHz
27.0 GHz
The EXA and MXA analyzers only have a single RF input port.
Chapter 4
131
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
I1 [one] Set RF Coupling to DC
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
I2 [two] Set RF Coupling to AC
I2 [two]
Set RF Coupling to AC
Syntax
I2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The I2 [two] command sets the RF coupling to AC.
The tables below list the frequency specifications for all EXA series and MXA
analyzers for both DC and AC coupling.
Table 4-15
Table 4-16
NOTE
EXA Series Analyzer Frequency Coupling Specifications
DC Coupled Range
AC Coupled Range
Analyzer Model
(N9010A)
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Option 503
9 kHz
3.6 GHz
10 MHz
3.6 GHz
Option 507
9 kHz
7.0 GHz
10 MHz
7.0 GHz
Option 513
9 kHz
13.6 GHz
10 MHz
13.6 GHz
Option 526
9 kHz
27.0 GHz
10 MHz
27.0 GHz
MXA Series Analyzer Frequency Coupling Specifications
DC Coupled Range
AC Coupled Range
Analyzer Model
(N9020A)
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Min. Freq.
Max. Freq.
Option 503
20 Hz
3.6 GHz
10 MHz
3.6 GHz
Option 508
20 Hz
8.4 GHz
10 MHz
8.4 GHz
Option 513
20 Hz
13.6 GHz
10 MHz
13.6 GHz
Option 526
20 Hz
27.0 GHz
10 MHz
27.0 GHz
The EXA and MXA analyzers only have a single RF input port.
132
Chapter 4
ID
Identify
Syntax
ID
SP
?
;
OA
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The ID command returns the current remote language to the controller (for
example, “HP8563E”).
The response value is determined by your remote language selection. This is
configured via the front-panel menu selection in Mode Setup when in RLC mode.
The remote language selection can also be set using the SCPI command
SYSTem:LANGuage.
ID? also works when you are not in RLC mode. In this case the instrument model
number is returned. The string that is returned is identical to the second field of
text that is returned from the *IDN? command.
For more information see:
“Setting up N9061A on the X-Series Analyzer” on page 19
“Running Software that Requires SCPI Commands” on page 25
Chapter 4
133
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ID Identify
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
IP Instrument Preset
IP
Instrument Preset
Syntax
IP
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Performs an instrument preset, setting the analyzer back to its factory settings.
Instrument preset automatically occurs when you turn on the analyzer. IP is a good
starting point for many measurement processes. When IP is executed remotely, the
analyzer does not necessarily execute a complete sweep, however. You should
execute a take sweep (TS) to ensure that the trace data is valid after an IP.
The N9061A application executes this command after any language switch on the
X-Series analyzer.
NOTE
If the external amplifier gain has been set, executing an IP command does not reset
this value. This is to protect the analyzer.
134
Chapter 4
L0 [zero]
Display Line Off
Syntax
L0
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The L0 [zero] command disables the display line.
Chapter 4
135
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
L0 [zero] Display Line Off
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
LG Logarithmic Scale
LG
Logarithmic Scale
Syntax
LG
SP
number
DB
;
DM
LF
UP
SP
CR
DN
SP
OA
?
,
Description
Specifies the amplitude (vertical graticule divisions) as logarithmic units, without
changing the reference level. The integer ranges vary between the different remote
languages. The following table lists the ranges for each remote language.
Table 4-17
Remote Language
136
Integer Range using the
LG Command
8560E/EC
1, 2, 5, and 10
8561E/EC
1, 2, 5, and 10
8562E/EC
1, 2, 5, and 10
8563E/EC
1, 2, 5, and 10
8564E/EC
1, 2, 5, and 10
8565E/EC
1, 2, 5, and 10
Chapter 4
LN
Linear Scale
Syntax
LN
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Scales the amplitude (vertical graticule divisions) proportional to the input voltage,
without changing the reference level. The bottom line of the graticule represents
0 V.
Chapter 4
137
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
LN Linear Scale
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
M1 [one] Marker Off
M1 [one]
Marker Off
Syntax
M1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The M1 [one] command blanks any markers showing on the display.
NOTE
The functions of the M1 [one] command are identical to the MKOFF ALL
command (page 159).
138
Chapter 4
M2 [two]
Marker Normal
Syntax
M2
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
UP
GZ
DN
S
OA
MS
SP
,
US
SC
?
Description
The M2 [two] command moves the active marker to the marker frequency. If the
active marker type is not currently normal (for example, if it is delta), the M2
command changes it to a normal marker.
NOTE
The functions of the M2 command are identical to the MKN command (page 157).
Chapter 4
139
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
M2 [two] Marker Normal
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
M3 [three] Delta Marker
M3 [three]
Delta Marker
Syntax
M3
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
UP
GZ
DN
S
OA
MS
SP
,
US
SC
?
Description
The M3 [three] command computes the frequency and amplitude difference
between the active marker and the delta (or difference) marker.
If a delta marker is not displayed on the screen, the M3 command places one at the
specified frequency or on the right hand edge of the display. If an active marker is
not displayed on the screen, the M3 command places an active marker at the center
of the screen.
If the M3 command is executed with the marker noise function active
(MKNOISE ON or KSM), the marker amplitude displayed and returned by the
MKA? command (page 148) or the MA command (page 142) is the difference
between the noise densities at the reference marker and at the delta marker
position.
NOTE
If the M3 command is executed before marker noise has been activated (using the
MKNOISE ON or KSM commands), the marker noise amplitude that is displayed
on the screen is the difference between the carrier wave power and the noise
density at the delta marker position. The value returned by the MKA? or MA
command is the difference between the carrier wave power and the noise density at
the delta marker position. That is, the value returned by MKA? and MA agrees
with that displayed on the screen of the X-Series analyzers.
140
Chapter 4
The functions of the M3 command are identical to the MKD command (page 151).
Chapter 4
141
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
M3 [three] Delta Marker
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MA Marker Amplitude Output
MA
Marker Amplitude Output
Syntax
MA
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MA command returns the amplitude level of the active marker if the marker is
on the screen. If both the active marker and the delta marker are displayed, the MA
command returns the amplitude difference between the two markers.
The marker amplitude is always returned as an ASCII value (TDF P).
The functions of the MA command are identical to the MKA command
(page 148).
142
Chapter 4
MEAN
Trace Mean
Syntax
MEAN
SP
TRA
;
TRB
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns the mean value of the specified trace in display units.
NOTE
TRA corresponds to Trace 1 and TRB corresponds to Trace 2.
Chapter 4
143
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MEAN Trace Mean
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MEANPWR Mean Power measurement
MEANPWR
Mean Power measurement
Syntax
MEANPWR
SP
TRA
TRB
,
number
,
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MEANPWR command measures the average power of the carrier during that
portion of the time when it is on. The on state is defined as the time when the
signal is within a selected number of dB of its peak level. The range of amplitudes
that is defined as the on state can be set with the command. The amplitude range is
set relative to the peak value of the signal.
NOTE
The MEANPWR command is similar to the CARRON command (page 91),
except that the CARRON command defines ‘on’ as that time when the signal is
within 20 dB of its peak level.
144
Chapter 4
MEAS
Meas
Syntax
MEAS
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns the current sweep status. If the analyzer is set to sweep and make
measurements continuously, the command returns CONTS. If it is set to make a
single sweep with a single measurement, the command returns SNGLS.
The analyzer can be set to single sweep using the SNGLS command and it can be
set to continuos sweep using the CONTS command.
Chapter 4
145
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MEAS Meas
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MF Marker Frequency Output
MF
Marker Frequency Output
Syntax
MF
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns the frequency (or time) of the on-screen active marker. If both an active
marker and the delta marker are on the screen, the frequency difference is returned.
146
Chapter 4
MINH
Minimum Hold
Syntax
MINH
SP
TRA
;
TRB
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MINH command updates the chosen trace with the minimum signal level
detected at each trace-data point from subsequent sweeps.
For information on the trace settings of the X-series analyzers when legacy
instrument trace settings are sent, see Table 4-4, “8560 series command mapping
to X-series for trace/detector settings.”
Chapter 4
147
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MINH Minimum Hold
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKA Marker Amplitude
MKA
Marker Amplitude
Syntax
MKA
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MKA command returns the amplitude level of the active marker if the marker
is on the screen. If both the active marker and the delta marker are displayed, the
MKA command returns the amplitude difference between the two markers.
The marker amplitude is always returned as an ASCII value (TDF P).
The functions of the MKA command are identical to the MA command
(page 142).
148
Chapter 4
MKBW
Marker Bandwidth
Syntax
MKBW
SP
number
,
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns the bandwidth at the specified power level relative to an on-screen marker
(if present) or the signal peak (if no on-screen marker is present).
Chapter 4
149
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKBW Marker Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKCF Marker to Center Frequency
MKCF
Marker to Center Frequency
Syntax
MKCF
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets the center frequency equal to the marker frequency and moves the marker to
the center of the screen.
NOTE
The functions of the MKCF command are identical to the E2 command
(page 110).
150
Chapter 4
MKD
Marker Delta
Syntax
MKD
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
UP
GZ
DN
S
OA
MS
SP
,
US
SC
?
Step Increment: by 1/10 of the frequency span
Description
The MKD command computes the frequency and amplitude difference of the
active marker and the delta marker. These values are displayed on the screen.
If a delta marker is not displayed on the screen, the MKD command places one at
the specified frequency or on the left or right hand edge of the display. If an active
marker is not displayed on the screen, the MKD command places an active marker
at the center of the screen.
Chapter 4
151
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKD Marker Delta
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKD Marker Delta
If the MKD command is executed with the marker noise function active
(MKNOISE ON or KSM), the marker amplitude displayed and returned by the
MKA? command (page 148) or the MA command (page 142) is the difference
between the noise densities at the reference marker and at the delta marker
position.
If the MKD command is executed before marker noise has been activated (using
the MKNOISE ON or KSM commands), the marker noise amplitude that is
displayed on the screen is the difference between the carrier wave power and the
noise density at the delta marker position. The value returned by the MKA? or MA
command is the difference between the carrier wave power and the noise density at
the delta marker position. That is, the value returned by MKA? and MA agree with
that displayed on the screen of the X-Series analyzers.
The functions of the MKD command are identical to the M3 command (page 140).
152
Chapter 4
MKF
Marker Frequency
Syntax
MKF
SP
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
real
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
UP
GZ
DN
S
OA
MS
SP
,
US
SC
?
Description
Specifies the frequency value of the active marker.
The data is returned in ASCII format.
Chapter 4
153
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKF Marker Frequency
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKFC Marker Counter
MKFC
Marker Counter
Syntax
MKFC
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
,
Description
Turns on or off the marker frequency counter. The resolution of the frequency
marker counter is determined by the MKFCR command (page 155).
154
Chapter 4
MKFCR
Marker Counter Resolution
Syntax
MKFCR
real
SP
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
SP
KZ
,
MZ
GZ
OA
SP
?
Description
Sets the resolution of the marker frequency counter. The marker counter resolution
value is always given either in Hertz or in seconds depending on whether the
analyzer is operating in the frequency domain or the time domain.
On the X-Series analyzers, setting the marker frequency resolution causes the Gate
Time to change. The Gate Time is calculated using the following formula:
1
Gate Time = ----------------------------------------Resolution Value
Chapter 4
155
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKFCR Marker Counter Resolution
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKMIN Marker Minimum
MKMIN
Marker Minimum
Syntax
MKMIN
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Moves the active marker to the minimum value detected.
156
Chapter 4
MKN
Marker Normal
Syntax
MKN
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
UP
GZ
DN
S
OA
MS
SP
,
US
SC
?
Step Increment: by 1/10 of the frequency span.
Description
The MKN command moves the active marker to the specified frequency. If no
marker is currently turned on, a normal marker is turned on. If the active marker
type is not currently normal (for example, it is delta), the MKN command changes
it to a normal marker.
NOTE
The functions of the MKN command are identical to the M2 [two] command
(page 139).
Chapter 4
157
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKN Marker Normal
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKNOISE Marker Noise
MKNOISE
Marker Noise
Syntax
MKNOISE
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Description
Displays the average RMS noise density at the marker.
Some differences in marker noise may be seen between the legacy analyzers and
the X-Series analyzers due to the greater dynamic range of the X-Series analyzers.
If either the M3 command or the MKD command is executed with the marker
noise function active (MKNOISE ON or KSM), the marker amplitude displayed
and returned by the MKA? command (page 148) or the MA command (page 142)
is the difference between the noise densities at the reference marker and at the
delta marker position.
If either the M3 command or the MKD command is executed before marker noise
has been activated (using the MKNOISE ON or KSM commands), the marker
noise amplitude that is displayed on the screen is the difference between the carrier
wave power and the noise density at the delta marker position. The value returned
by the MKA? or MA command is the difference between the carrier wave power
and the noise density at the delta marker position. That is, the value returned by
MKA? and MA agrees with that displayed on the screen of the X-Series analyzers.
158
Chapter 4
MKOFF
Marker Off
Syntax
MKOFF
SP
ALL
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Turns off either the active marker or all the markers. If the ALL parameter is
omitted, only the active marker is turned off.
Chapter 4
159
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKOFF Marker Off
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKPK Marker Peak
MKPK
Marker Peak
Syntax
MKPK
SP
HI
;
NH
LF
NR
CR
NL
SP
,
Description
Executing MKPK HI, or simply MKPK (no secondary keyword), positions the
active marker at the highest signal detected. If an active marker is on the screen,
the MKPK parameters move the marker as follows:
HI (highest)
moves the active marker to the highest peak.
NH (next highest) moves the active marker to the next signal peak of lower
amplitude.
NR (next right)
moves the active marker to the next signal peak to the right of
the current marker.
NL (next left)
moves the active marker to the next signal peak to the left of the
current marker.
NOTE
The functions of the MKPK command (no secondary keyword) and the MKPK HI
command are identical to the E1 commands: (page 109).
NOTE
For more details on marker peak excursion, see the MKPX command (page 162).
160
Chapter 4
MKPT
Marker Threshold
Syntax
MKPT
SP
number
SP
UP
DN
DBM
;
LF
CR
OA
SP
?
,
Description
The MKPT command sets the minimum amplitude level from which a peak on the
trace can be detected.
Chapter 4
161
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKPT Marker Threshold
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKPX Marker Peak Excursion
MKPX
Marker Peak Excursion
Syntax
MKPX
SP
SP
real
UP
DN
DB
;
LF
CR
OA
?
SP
,
Preset State: 6 dB
Step Increment: 1 dB
Description
Specifies the minimum signal excursion for the analyzer’s internal peak
identification routine.
The default value is 6 dB. In this case, any signal with an excursion of less than 6
dB on either side of the marker would not be identified. Thus, if an MKPK NH
command were to be executed on such a signal, the analyzer would not place a
marker on this signal peak.
162
Chapter 4
MKRL
Marker to Reference Level
Syntax
MKRL
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MKRL command moves the active marker to the reference level.
NOTE
The functions of the MKRL command are identical to the E4 command
(page 112).
Chapter 4
163
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKRL Marker to Reference Level
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKSP Marker to Span
MKSP
Marker to Span
Syntax
MKSP
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MKSP command operates only when the delta marker is On (see MKD
(page 151) or M3 (page 140)). When the delta marker is On and MKSP is
executed, the delta marker and active marker determine the start and stop
frequencies. The left marker specifies the start frequency, and the right marker
specifies the stop frequency. If marker delta is Off, there is no operation.
NOTE
If the active marker is not a delta marker, there is no change in its position.
164
Chapter 4
MKSS
Marker to Step Size
Syntax
MKSS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets the center-frequency step-size equal to the marker frequency. If the analyzer is
in the delta mode, the step size is set to the frequency difference between the active
and the delta marker.
NOTE
When the marker is a delta marker, the functions of the MKSS command are
identical to the E3 command (page 111).
Chapter 4
165
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKSS Marker to Step Size
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKT Marker Time
MKT
Marker Time
Syntax
MKT
SP
real
S
;
MS
LF
US
CR
SC
OA
?
SP
,
Description
Places a marker at a position that corresponds to a specified point in time during
the sweep.
NOTE
The default unit of time is seconds (‘S’ or ‘SC’).
166
Chapter 4
MKTRACK
Marker Track
Syntax
MKTRACK
SP
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
1
CR
0
SP
?
,
Description
Moves the signal on which the active marker is located to the center of the analyzer
display and keeps the signal peak at center screen.
To keep a drifting signal at center screen, place the active marker on the desired
signal before turning on MKTRACK.
NOTE
The functions of the MKTRACK command are identical to the MT0 [zero]
command (page 169) and the MT1 [one] command (page 170).
Chapter 4
167
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MKTRACK Marker Track
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ML Mixer Level
ML
Mixer Level
Syntax
ML
SP
SP
real
DBM
;
UP
LF
DN
CR
?
SP
,
Description
The ML command specifies the maximum signal level that is applied to the input
mixer for a signal that is equal to or below the reference level.
The effective mixer level is equal to the reference level minus the input attenuator
setting.
NOTE
If an external amplifier gain value is set, the mixer level is determined using the
following equation:
Mixer Level = Ref. Level - Attenuation + Ext. Amplifier Gain
The external amplifier gain is not preset by doing an IP command in case the
analyzer is measuring a large signal. This is to protect the analyzer from damage
from a large signal. For a helpful suggestion, see Chapter 3 , “Hints and Tips,” on
page 45.
168
Chapter 4
MT0 [zero]
Marker Track Off
Syntax
MT0
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The MT0 [zero] command disables the marker tracking mode.
NOTE
The functions of the MT0 [zero] command are identical to the MKTRACK OFF
command (page 167).
Chapter 4
169
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MT0 [zero] Marker Track Off
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MT1 [one] Marker Track On
MT1 [one]
Marker Track On
Syntax
MT1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Moves the signal on which the active marker is located to the center of the analyzer
display and keeps the signal peak at center screen.
To keep a drifting signal at center screen, place the active marker on the desired
signal before issuing an MT1 [one] command.
NOTE
The functions of the MT1 command are identical to the MKTRACK ON command
(page 167).
170
Chapter 4
MXMH
Maximum Hold
Syntax
MXMH
SP
TRA
;
TRB
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Updates each trace element with the maximum level detected.
MXMH updates the specified trace (either Trace A or Trace B) with a new value
from a detector only if the new value is larger than the previous trace data value.
NOTE
The functions of the MXMH command are identical to the A2 command
(page 52)and B2 command (page 81).
NOTE
TRA corresponds to Trace 1 and TRB corresponds to Trace 2.
For information on the trace settings of the X-series analyzers when legacy
instrument trace settings are sent, see Table 4-4, “8560 series command mapping
to X-series for trace/detector settings.”
Chapter 4
171
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
MXMH Maximum Hold
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
NORMLIZE Normalize Trace Data
NORMLIZE
Normalize Trace Data
Syntax
NORMLIZE
SP
ON
;
OFF
LF
OA
CR
1
SP
0
?
SP
,
The preset state is OFF.
Description
Activates or de-activates the normalization routine for stimulus-response
measurements. This function subtracts trace B from trace A, offsets the result by
the value of the normalized reference position (NRL) and displays the result in
trace A.
If active (ON), the NORMLIZE command is automatically turned off with an
instrument preset (IP) or at power on.
The OA option only returns the current value to the controller; it does not set the
active function to the normalization state.
Normalization is not available when using linear mode and is mutually exclusive
with other trace math.
172
Chapter 4
NRL
Normalized Reference Level
Syntax
NRL
SP
number
DB
LF
LF
?
CR
SP
,
The preset value is 0 dB.
Description
Sets the normalized reference level. It is intended to be used with the NORMLIZE
command. When using NRL, the input attenuator and IF step gains are not
affected. This function is a trace-offset function enabling the user to offset the
displayed trace without introducing hardware switching errors into the
stimulus-response measurement. The unit of measure for NRL is dB.
Chapter 4
173
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
NRL Normalized Reference Level
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
NRPOS Normalized Reference Position
NRPOS
Normalized Reference Position
Syntax
NRPOS
SP
number
;
SP
UP
LF
DN
CR
OA
?
SP
,
The preset value is 10.
Description
The NRPOS command adjusts the normalized reference-position that corresponds
to the position on the graticule where the difference between the measured and
calibrated traces reside. The dB value of the normalized reference position is equal
to the normalized reference level. The normalized reference position can be
adjusted between 0.0 and 10.0, corresponding to the bottom and top graticule lines,
respectively.
174
Chapter 4
OCCUP
Percent Occupied Power Bandwidth
Syntax
OCCUP
SP
number
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The OCCUP command is used to query the current value of the percent occupied
power. This value is set by the DELMKBW (page 104) and the PWRBW
command (page 179) command. The OCCUP command can also be used to set the
percent occupied power.
Chapter 4
175
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
OCCUP Percent Occupied Power Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
PLOT Plot
PLOT
Plot
Syntax
PLOT
SP
value
,
value
,
value
,
value
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The PLOT command allows you transfer trace data, graticule and annotation
information to a printer using a parallel port.
The legacy analyzers transferred data directly to a plotter via the GPIB connection.
The PLOT command now transfers data to a printer, and prints the entire screen.
Although the PLOT command reads in plotter dimension values, these are ignored.
NOTE
In legacy instruments, the PLOT command also returns HPGL. The X-series
instruments with the N9061A application installed does not return HPGL.
176
Chapter 4
PP
Preselector Peak
Syntax
PP
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The PP command optimizes preselector tracking to peak the amplitude of a signal
at the active marker. If a marker is not on the screen, PP places a marker at the
highest signal level, and optimizes preselector tracking at that frequency.
NOTE
This command is only supported when the X-series analyzer’s maximum
frequency limit is greater than 3.6 GHz. If the command is issued on an analyzer
with a maximum frequency limit of 3.6 GHz or less the command is not
implemented and no error is generated.
Chapter 4
177
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
PP Preselector Peak
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
PRINT Print
PRINT
Print
Syntax
PRINT
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Transfers trace data, graticule and annotation of the analyzer screen directly to the
X-series analyzer’s default printer.
178
Chapter 4
PWRBW
Power Bandwidth
Syntax
PWRBW
SP
TRA
TRB
,
number
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Computes the combined power of all signal responses in the specified trace, and
returns the bandwidth of the specified percentage of total power. The number in
the command is a percentage value, that is, it has a range of 0 to 100.
NOTE
If the percent total power is 100%, the power bandwidth equals the frequency
span.
Chapter 4
179
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
PWRBW Power Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
RB Resolution Bandwidth
RB
Resolution Bandwidth
Syntax
RB
SP
real
SP
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
UP
MHZ
DN
GHZ
AUTO
KZ
MAN
MZ
OA
GZ
CR
SP
,
?
Preset State: 1 MHz, auto coupled
Step Increment: In a 1, 3, 10 series
Description
The RB command specifies the resolution bandwidth. Available bandwidths are 1
Hz, 3 Hz, 10 Hz, 30 Hz, 300 Hz, 1 kHz, 3kHz, 30 kHz, 100 kHz, 300 kHz, 1 MHz,
and 3 MHz. The resolution bandwidths, video bandwidths, and sweep time are
normally coupled. Executing RB decouples them. Execute CR (page 100) to
re-establish coupling.
180
Chapter 4
RBR
Resolution Bandwidth to Span Ratio
Syntax
RBR
SP
SP
real
UP
DN
;
LF
CR
OA
?
SP
,
Description
This command sets the coupling ratio between the frequency span and the
resolution bandwidth. It allows you to set the Span/RBW ratio to 1/<value>, where
<value> is set by the user.
Chapter 4
181
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
RBR Resolution Bandwidth to Span Ratio
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
RC Recall State
RC
Recall State
Syntax
RC
SP
LAST
;
PWRON
LF
CR
SP
number
SP
,
Description
Recalls analyzer state data from the specified state register in the analyzer’s
memory.
Registers one through six are reserved for the user, and contain instrument states
(such as front panel configuration) saved with the SAVES command (page 190) or
the SV command (page 201).
NOTE
The functions of the RC command are identical to the RCLS command (page 183).
182
Chapter 4
RCLS
Recall State
Syntax
RCLS
SP
LAST
;
PWRON
LF
CR
SP
number
SP
,
Description
Recalls analyzer state data from the specified state register in the analyzer’s
memory.
Registers one through six are reserved for the user, and contain instrument states
(such as front panel configuration) saved with the SAVES command (page 190) or
the SV command (page 201).
The functions of the RCLS command are identical to the RC command (page 182).
Chapter 4
183
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
RCLS Recall State
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
REV Revision
REV
Revision
Syntax
REV
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The REV command returns the firmware revision number.
In X-Series analyzers, this command returns the build date of the N9061A
application that you have installed in your analyzer. The date is returned in
YYMMDD format (where YY is the number of years since 1950, and MM is the
month and DD is the date).
184
Chapter 4
RL
Reference Level
Syntax
RL
SP
real
DBM
DBMV
DBUV
;
LF
CR
MV
UV
V
SP
UP
MW
DN
UW
OA
W
SP
,
DM
?
Description
Specifies the amplitude level of the top graticule line on the display. This
represents the reference level.
CAUTION
Signal levels above +30 dBm will damage the analyzer. For a helpful suggestion
on this subject, see Chapter 3 , “Hints and Tips,” on page 45.
NOTE
If the display line is on, changing the reference level does not adjust the position of
the display line.
Chapter 4
185
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
RL Reference Level
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ROFFSET Reference Level Offset
ROFFSET
Reference Level Offset
Syntax
ROFFSET
SP
real
DB
UP
SP
DN
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Offsets all amplitude readouts without affecting the trace.
Once activated, the ROFFSET command displays the amplitude offset on the left
side of the screen.
Entering ROFFSET 0 or presetting the analyzer eliminates an amplitude offset.
186
Chapter 4
RQS
Request Service Conditions
Syntax
RQS
SP
number
;
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets a bit mask for service requests.
Chapter 4
187
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
RQS Request Service Conditions
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
S1[one] Continuous Sweep
S1[one]
Continuous Sweep
Syntax
S1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The S1 command sets the analyzer to continuous sweep mode. In the continuous
sweep mode, the analyzer takes its next sweep as soon as possible after the current
sweep (as long as the trigger conditions are met). A sweep may temporarily be
interrupted by data entries made over the remote interface.
NOTE
The functions of the command S1 are identical to the CONTS command (page 98).
188
Chapter 4
S2 [two]
Single Sweep
Syntax
S2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The S2 command sets the analyzer to single sweep mode. Each subsequent time
that the command S2 is sent, one sweep is started if the trigger conditions are met.
NOTE
The functions of the S2 command are similar to the SNGLS command (page 194).
Chapter 4
189
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
S2 [two] Single Sweep
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SAVES Save State
SAVES
Save State
Syntax
SAVES
SP
digit
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Saves the current state of the analyzer in any of the registers one through six.
NOTE
The functions of the SAVES command are identical to the SV command
(page 201).
190
Chapter 4
SER
Serial Number
Syntax
SER
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The SER command returns the X-series analyzer serial number to the controller.
Chapter 4
191
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SER Serial Number
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SETDATE Set Date
SETDATE
Set Date
Syntax
SETDATE
SP
number
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The SETDATE command sets the date of the real-time clock of the analyzer. The
date takes the form YYMMDD (Year, Month, Day)
192
Chapter 4
SETTIME
Set Time
Syntax
SETTIME
SP
number
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The SETTIME command sets the date of the real-time clock of the analyzer. The
time takes the form HHMMSS (Hour, Minute, Second)
Chapter 4
193
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SETTIME Set Time
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SNGLS Single Sweep
SNGLS
Single Sweep
Syntax
SNGLS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets the analyzer to single-sweep mode. Each time TS (take sweep) is sent, one
sweep taken as long as the trigger conditions are met.
NOTE
The functions of the SNGLS command are identical to the S2 command
(page 189).
194
Chapter 4
SP
Frequency Span
Syntax
SP
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
,
GZ
SP
UP
DN
OA
FULL
ZERO
LAST
?
Step Increment: 1, 2, 5, 10 sequence (up to the stop frequency of the analyzer)
Description
Changes the total displayed frequency range symmetrically about the center
frequency.
If resolution and video bandwidths are coupled to the span width, the bandwidths
change with the span width to provide a predetermined level of resolution and
noise averaging. Likewise, the sweep time changes to maintain a calibrated
display, if coupled. All of these functions are normally coupled, unless RB
(page 180), VB (page 219), or ST (page 198) have been executed.
Chapter 4
195
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SP Frequency Span
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SRQ Service Request
SRQ
Service Request
Syntax
SRQ
SP
digit
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The SRQ command sends a service request to the controller when the SRQ
operand fits the mask supplied with the RQS command.
NOTE
The N9061A application does not support the setting of bit 1 (units-key-pressed)
of the status byte. Bit-1 of the status byte is always set to Off.
196
Chapter 4
SS
Center Frequency Step Size
Syntax
SS
SP
real
UP
SP
DN
AUTO
MAN
OA
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
,
GZ
?
Description
The SS command specifies center frequency step size.
Chapter 4
197
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SS Center Frequency Step Size
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
ST Sweep Time
ST
Sweep Time
Syntax
ST
SP
real
UP
SP
DN
S
;
MS
LF
US
CR
SC
SP
AUTO
MAN
,
OA
?
Description
The ST command specifies the time in which the analyzer sweeps the displayed
frequency or time span.
NOTE
The OA option in the ST command behaves in the same manner as the ST?
command in that it returns the current value to the controller. However, the OA
option does not set the active function to Sweep Time.
198
Chapter 4
STB
Status Byte Query
Syntax
STB
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The STB command returns to the controller the decimal equivalent of the bits set
in the status byte (see the RQS (page 187) and SRQ (page 196) commands). STB
is equivalent to a serial poll.
Chapter 4
199
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
STB Status Byte Query
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SUM Sum
SUM
Sum
Syntax
SUM
Sp
TRA
,
?
;
LF
TRB
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns the sum of all the trace values to the controller.
NOTE
Returns display units, range (0-610)*601 points or if Trace Data Format (TDF) is
set to M, it returns ASCII.
200
Chapter 4
SV
Save State
Syntax
SV
SP
digit
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Saves the current state of the analyzer in any of the registers one through six.
NOTE
The functions of the SV command are identical to the SAVES command
(page 190).
Chapter 4
201
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SV Save State
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
SWPCPL Sweep Couple
SWPCPL
Sweep Couple
Syntax
SWPCPL
SP
SA
;
SR
LF
?
CR
SP
,
The preset value is SA.
Description
Selects either a stimulus-response (SR) or signal-analyzer (SA) auto-coupled
sweep time. In stimulus response mode, auto-coupled sweep times are usually
much faster for swept response measurements. Stimulus response auto-coupled
sweep times are typically valid in stimulus-response measurements when the
system frequency span is less than 20 times the bandwidth of the device under test.
202
Chapter 4
T1 [one]
Free Run Trigger
Syntax
T1
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The T1 [one] command sets the analyzer sweep to free run trigger mode.
NOTE
The functions of the T1 [one] command are identical to the TM FREE command
(page 213).
Chapter 4
203
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
T1 [one] Free Run Trigger
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
T2 [two] Line Trigger
T2 [two]
Line Trigger
Syntax
T2
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The T2 [two] command sets the analyzer sweep to line trigger mode.
NOTE
The functions of the T2 [two] command are identical to the TM LINE command
(page 213).
204
Chapter 4
T3 [three]
External Trigger
Syntax
T3
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The T3 [three] command sets the analyzer sweep to external trigger mode.
NOTE
The functions of the T3 [three] command are identical to the TM EXT command
(page 213).
Chapter 4
205
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
T3 [three] External Trigger
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
T4 [four] Video Trigger
T4 [four]
Video Trigger
Syntax
T4
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The T4 [four] command sets the analyzer sweep to video trigger mode.
NOTE
The functions of the T4 [four] command are identical to the TM VID command
(page 213).
206
Chapter 4
TA
Trace A
Syntax
TA
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns trace A amplitude values from the analyzer to the controller.
The display unit values are transferred in sequential order (from left to right) as
seen on the screen. The format of the returned data is affected by the TDF (Trace
Data Format) (page 209) command.
Chapter 4
207
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TA Trace A
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TB Trace B
TB
Trace B
Syntax
TB
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Returns trace B amplitude values from the analyzer to the controller.
The display unit values are transferred in sequential order (from left to right) as
seen on the screen. The format of the returned data is affected by the TDF (Trace
Data Format) (page 209) command.
208
Chapter 4
TDF
Trace Data Format
Syntax
TDF
SP
P
;
A
LF
I
CR
M
B
?
SP
,
The preset value for TDF is P.
Description
Formats trace information for return to the controller.
The different trace data formats are as follows:
•
M selects the ASCII data format.
•
P selects parameter data format. Numbers are in Hz, Volts, Watts, dBm, dBmV,
DBuV, DBV.
•
Specifying A returns data as an A-block data field.
•
Specifying I returns data as an I-block data field.
•
B selects binary data format.
Chapter 4
209
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TDF Trace Data Format
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TH Threshold
TH
Threshold
Syntax
TH
SP
real
SP
DM
;
MV
LF
UP
UV
DN
DB
CR
ON
OFF
SP
,
OA
?
Description
The TH command blanks signal responses below the threshold level, similar to a
base line clipper. The threshold level is nine major divisions below the reference
level, unless otherwise specified. The UP and DN commands move the threshold
10 dB.
210
Chapter 4
TIMEDATE
Time Date
Syntax
TIMEDATE
SP
number
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Sets and returns the date and time of the real-time clock of the analyzer. The
number takes the form YYMMDDHHMMSS (Year, Month, Day, Hour, Minute,
Second).
TIMEDATE ON and TIMEDATE OFF commands are supported on some models
of the 8560 series. This set of commands displays or hides the time and date in the
graticule. The N9061A application on the X-series analyzers does not support
these commands but accepts them and does not display a CMD ERR error or CMD
NOT SUPPORTED error.
NOTE
This command changes the system clock of the instrument and may invalidate any
time-based licenses installed on the instrument.
Chapter 4
211
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TIMEDATE Time Date
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TITLE Title
TITLE
Title
Syntax
string
delimiter
TITLE
char
real
string
delimiter
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The TITLE command activates the screen title mode, enabling you to enter your
own title for the screen. Valid string delimiters which must be used to start and
terminate the title are shown below.
•
!
•
“
•
$
•
%
•
&
•
‘
•
/
•
:
•
=
•
\
•
~
•
@
212
Chapter 4
TM
Trigger Mode
Syntax
TM
SP
FREE
;
VID
LF
LINE
CR
EXT
?
SP
,
Description
Selects a trigger mode: free, line, video, or external.
NOTE
The functions of the TM command are identical to the T1 (page 203), T2
(page 204), T3 (page 205) and T4 (page 206) commands.
Chapter 4
213
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TM Trigger Mode
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TRA Trace Data Input and Output
TRA
Trace Data Input and Output
Syntax
TRA
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The TRA command transfers Trace A amplitude values from the analyzer to the
controller. The format depends on the trace data format selected. See the TDF
command (page 209) for details on formatting.
214
Chapter 4
TRB
Trace Data Input and Output
Syntax
TRB
?
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
The TRB command transfers Trace B amplitude values between the analyzer and
the controller. The format depends on the trace data format selected. See “TDF
Trace Data Format” on page 209 for details on formatting.
Chapter 4
215
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TRB Trace Data Input and Output
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TRIGPOL Trigger Polarity
TRIGPOL
Trigger Polarity
Syntax
TRIGPOL
SP
POS
;
NEG
LF
?
CR
SP
,
Description
Selects the edge (positive or negative) of the trigger input that causes the trigger
event. TRIGPOL is available in all trigger modes.
216
Chapter 4
TS
Take Sweep
Syntax
TS
;
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Starts and completes one full sweep before the next command is executed. A TS
command is required for each sweep in the single-sweep mode. TS always restarts
a sweep even if a sweep is already in progress.
Chapter 4
217
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
TS Take Sweep
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
VAVG Video Average
VAVG
Video Average
Syntax
VAVG
SP
average
length
SP
UP
;
LF
DN
ON
CR
SP
OFF
,
?
Description
Enables the video-averaging function, which averages trace points to smooth the
displayed trace. When queried, the VAVG command returns the number of
averages.
NOTE
There are a few differences in the way video averaging works in the N9061A
application compared to the legacy analyzers. See the following table for a
summary of these differences.
Table 4-18
Legacy Analyzers - Video Averaging Behavioral Differences
Condition
Legacy Spectrum Analyzers
N9061A application
Average Count value set to 0.
Cannot be set to 0.
Video averaging is turned off if
the Averaging Count is set to 0.
Averaging turned on.
Sweep time remains
unchanged.
Sweep time changes due to the
selection of the sample detector.
Change in center frequency
or span.
In single sweep mode, resets
counter to zero and starts the
averaging again.
In single sweep mode the
X-Series analyzer uses all stored
averages. Does not reset the
counter after changes in RBW,
VBW, Sweep Time, Ref. Level
and Attenuation.
218
Chapter 4
VB
Video Bandwidth
Syntax
VB
SP
real
HZ
;
KHZ
LF
MHZ
UP
SP
DN
AUTO
MAN
CR
GHZ
KZ
MZ
SP
,
GZ
OA
?
Description
Specifies the video bandwidth, which is a post-detection, low-pass filter.
Chapter 4
219
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
VB Video Bandwidth
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
VBR Video Bandwidth to Resolution Bandwidth Ratio
VBR
Video Bandwidth to Resolution Bandwidth Ratio
Syntax
VBR
SP
number
;
SP
UP
LF
DN
CR
OA
?
SP
,
Description
The VBR command specifies the relationship between the video and resolution
bandwidths that is maintained when these bandwidths are coupled.
NOTE
VBR uses the legacy signal analyzer settings for video bandwidth only if Mode
Setup > Preferences> Limit RBW/VBW is set to ON.
220
Chapter 4
VIEW
View Trace
Syntax
VIEW
SP
TRA
;
TRB
LF
CR
SP
,
Description
Displays Trace A or Trace B and stops taking new data into the viewed trace.
NOTE
The functions of the VIEW command are identical to the A3 (page 53) and B3
(page 82) commands.
NOTE
TRA corresponds to Trace 1 and TRB corresponds to Trace 2.
For information on the settings of the X-series analyzers when legacy instrument
trace settings are sent, see Table 4-4, “8560 series command mapping to X-series
for trace/detector settings.”
Chapter 4
221
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
VIEW View Trace
Programming Commands
Programming Commands
VTL Video Trigger Level
VTL
Video Trigger Level
Syntax
VTL
SP
number
SP
DB
;
DBM
LF
UP
DBM V
DN
DBUV
MV
UV
CR
SP
,
V
MW
UW
W
DM
?
Description
The VTL command sets the signal level that triggers a sweep.
Note that setting a value for VTL sets the trigger mode to VIDEO, even if it was
not already set to VIDEO. (See “TM Trigger Mode” on page 213).
222
Chapter 4
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
5
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
223
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
SCPI Language Basics
This section is not intended to teach you everything about the SCPI (Standard
Commands for Programmable Instruments) programming language. The SCPI
Consortium or IEEE can provide that level of detailed information.
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
Topics covered in this chapter include:
•
“Command Keywords and Syntax” on page 224
•
“Creating Valid Commands” on page 224
•
“Special Characters in Commands” on page 225
•
“Parameters in Commands” on page 227
•
“Putting Multiple Commands on the Same Line” on page 229
For more information refer to:
IEEE Standard 488.1-2004, IEEE Standard Digital Interface for
Programmable Instrumentation. New York, NY, 1998.
IEEE Standard 488.2-2004, IEEE Standard Codes, Formats, Protocols and
Comment Commands for Use with ANSI/IEEE Std488.1-1987. New York, NY,
1998.
Command Keywords and Syntax
A typical command is made up of keywords set off by colons. The keywords are
followed by parameters that can be followed by optional units.
Example: SENSe:FREQuency:STARt 1.5 MHZ
The instrument does not distinguish between upper and lower case letters. In the
documentation, upper case letters indicate the short form of the keyword. The
lower case letters, indicate the long form of the keyword. Either form may be used
in the command.
Example: Sens:Freq:Star 1.5 mhz
is the same as SENSE:FREQ:start 1.5 MHz
NOTE
The command SENS:FREQU:STAR is not valid because FREQU is neither the
short, nor the long form of the command. Only the short and long forms of the
keywords are allowed in valid commands.
Creating Valid Commands
Commands are not case sensitive and there are often many different ways of
writing a particular command. These are examples of valid commands for a given
224
Chapter 5
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
command syntax:
Command Syntax
Sample Valid Commands
[SENSe:]BANDwidth[:RESolution] <freq>
The following sample commands are all identical. They
all cause the same result.
Sense:Band:Res 1700
•
BANDWIDTH:RESOLUTION 1.7e3
•
sens:band 1.7KHZ
•
SENS:band 1.7E3Hz
•
band 1.7kHz
•
bandwidth:RES 1.7e3Hz
•
MEAS:SPEC?
•
Meas:spec?
•
meas:spec3?
The number 3 in the last meas example causes it to
return different results then the commands above it. See
the command description for more information.
[:SENSe]:DETector[:FUNCtion]
NEGative|POSitive|SAMPle
•
DET:FUNC neg
•
Detector:Func Pos
INITiate:CONTinuous ON|OFF|1|0
The sample commands below are identical.
•
INIT:CONT ON
•
init:continuous 1
Special Characters in Commands
Special
Character
|
Meaning
A vertical stroke between
parameters indicates
alternative choices. The effect of
the command is different
depending on which parameter
is selected.
Example
Command:
TRIGger:SOURce
EXTernal|INTernal|LINE
The choices are external, internal,
and line.
Ex: TRIG:SOURCE INT
is one possible command choice.
A vertical stroke between
keywords indicates identical
effects exist for both keywords.
The command functions the
same for either keyword. Only
one of these keywords is used at
a time.
Chapter 5
Command:
SENSe:BANDwidth|BWIDth:
OFFSet
Two identical commands are: Ex1:
SENSE:BWIDTH:OFFSET Ex2:
SENSE:BAND:OFFSET
225
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
MEASure:SPECtrum[n]?
•
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
Special
Character
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
[]
<>
Meaning
Example
keywords in square brackets are
optional
when composing the
command. These implied
keywords are executed even if
they are omitted.
Command:
[SENSe:]BANDwidth[:RESolu
tion]:AUTO
Angle brackets around a word,
or words, indicates they are not
to be used literally in the
command. They represent the
needed item.
Command:
SENS:FREQ <freq>
The following commands are all
valid and have identical effects:
Ex1: bandwidth:auto
Ex2: band:resolution:auto
Ex3: sense:bandwidth:auto
In this command example the word
<freq> should be replaced by an
actual frequency.
Ex: SENS:FREQ 9.7MHz.
{}
226
Parameters in braces can
optionally be used in the
command either not at all, once,
or several times.
Command:
MEASure:BW <freq>{,level}
A valid command is:
meas:BW 6 MHz, 3 dB, 60
dB
Chapter 5
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
Parameters in Commands
There are four basic types of parameters: booleans, keywords, variables and
arbitrary block program data.
OFF|ON|0|1
(Boolean)
This is a two state boolean-type parameter. The numeric value 0
is equivalent to OFF. Any numeric value other than 0 is
equivalent to ON. The numeric values of 0 or 1 are commonly
used in the command instead of OFF or ON. Queries of the
parameter always return a numeric value of 0 or 1.
The keywords that are allowed for a particular command are
defined in the command syntax description.
Units
Numeric variables may include units. The valid units for a
command depend on the variable type being used. See the
following variable descriptions. The indicated default units are
used if no units are sent. Units can follow the numerical value
with, or without, a space.
Variable
A variable can be entered in exponential format as well as
standard numeric format. The appropriate range of the variable
and its optional units are defined in the command description.
The following keywords may also be used in commands, but not
all commands allow keyword variables.
•
DEFault - resets the parameter to its default value.
•
UP - increments the parameter.
•
DOWN - decrements the parameter.
•
MINimum - sets the parameter to the smallest possible
value.
•
MAXimum - sets the parameter to the largest possible value.
The numeric value for the function’s MINimum, MAXimum, or
DEFault can be queried by adding the keyword to the command
in its query form. The keyword must be entered following the
question mark.
Example query: SENSE:FREQ:CENTER? MAX
Chapter 5
227
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
keyword
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
Variable Parameters
<integer>
is an integer value with no units.
<real>
Is a floating point number with no units.
<freq>
<bandwidth>
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
<time>
<seconds>
Is a positive rational number followed by optional units. The
default unit is Hertz. Acceptable units include: Hz, kHz, MHz,
GHz.
Is a rational number followed by optional units. The default
units are seconds. Acceptable units include: ks, s, ms, us, ns.
<voltage>
Is a rational number followed by optional units. The default
units are Volts. Acceptable units include: V, mV, μV, nV
<current>
Is a rational number followed by optional units. The default
units are Amperes. Acceptable units include: A, mA, μA, nA.
<power>
Is a rational number followed by optional units. The default
units are W. Acceptable units include: mAW, kW, W, mW, μW,
nW, pW.
<ampl>
Is a rational number followed by optional units. The default
units are dBm. Acceptable units include: dBm, dBmV, dBμV.
<rel_power>
<rel_ampl>
<percent>
<angle>
<degrees>
Is a positive rational number followed by optional units. The
default units are dB. Acceptable units include: dB.
Is a rational number between 0 and 100. You can either use no
units or use PCT.
Is a rational number followed by optional units. The default
units are degrees. Acceptable units include: DEG, RAD.
<string>
Is a series of alpha numeric characters.
<bit_pattern>
Specifies a series of bits rather than a numeric value. The bit
series is the binary representation of a numeric value. There are
no units.
Bit patterns are most often specified as hexadecimal numbers,
though octal, binary or decimal numbers may also be used. In
the SCPI language these numbers are specified as:
•
•
•
228
Hexadecimal, #Hdddd or #hdddd where ‘d’ represents a
hexadecimal digit 0 to 9 and ‘a’ to ‘f’. So #h14 can be used
instead of the decimal number 20.
Octal, #Odddddd or #odddddd where ‘d’ represents an octal
digit 0 to 7. So #o24 can be used instead of the decimal
number 20.
Binary, #Bdddddddddddddddd or #bdddddddddddddddd
where ‘d’ represents a 1 or 0. So #b10100 can be used
instead of the decimal number 20.
Chapter 5
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
Block Program Data
Some parameters consist of a block of data. There are a few standard types of
block data. Arbitrary blocks of program data can also be used.
<trace>
Is an array of rational numbers corresponding to displayed trace
data. See FORMat:DATA for information about available data
formats.
A SCPI command often refers to a block of current trace data
with a variable name such as: Trace1, TRACE2, or trace3,
depending on which trace is being accessed.
Block data example: suppose the header is #512320.
•
The first digit in the header (5) tells you how many
additional digits/bytes there are in the header.
•
The 12320 means 12 thousand, 3 hundred, 20 data bytes
follow the header.
•
Divide this number of bytes by your current data format
(bytes/data point), either 8 (for real,64), or 4 (for real,32).
For this example, if you’re using real64 then there are 1540
points in the block.
Putting Multiple Commands on the Same Line
Multiple commands can be written on the same line, reducing your code space
requirement. To do this:
•
Commands must be separated with a semicolon (;).
•
If the commands are in different subsystems, the key word for the new
subsystem must be preceded by a colon (:).
•
If the commands are in the same subsystem, the full hierarchy of the command
key words need not be included. The second command can start at the same key
word level as the command that was just executed.
SCPI Termination and Separator Syntax
All binary trace and response data is terminated with <NL><END>, as defined in
Section 8.5 of IEEE Standard 488.2-1992, IEEE Standard Codes, Formats,
Protocols and Common Commands for Use with ANSI/IEEE Std 488.1-1987. New
York, NY, 1992. (Although one intent of SCPI is to be interface independent,
<END> is only defined for IEEE 488 operation.)
Chapter 5
229
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
<arbitrary block data> Consists of a block of data bytes. The first information sent
in the block is an ASCII header beginning with #. The block is
terminated with a semi-colon. The header can be used to
determine how many bytes are in the data block. There are no
units. (You do not get block data if your data type is ASCII,
using FORMat:DATA ASCII command. Your data is comma
separated ASCII values.
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI Language
SCPI Language Basics
The following are some examples of good and bad commands. The examples are
created from a theoretical instrument with the simple set of commands indicated
below:
A Brief Introduction to the SCPI
Language
[:SENSe]
:POWer
[:RF]
:ATTenuation 40dB
:TRIGger
[:SEQuence]
:EXTernal [1]
:SLOPe
POSitive
[:SENSe]
:FREQuency
:STARt
:POWer
[:RF]
:MIXer
:RANGe
[:UPPer]
Bad Command
Good Command
PWR:ATT 40dB
POW:ATT 40dB
The short form of POWER is POW, not PWR.
FREQ:STAR 30MHz;MIX:RANG
-20dBm
FREQ:STAR
30MHz;POW:MIX:RANG -20dBm
The MIX:RANG command is in the same :SENSE subsystem as FREQ, but executing
the FREQ command puts you back at the SENSE level. You must specify POW to get to
the MIX:RANG command.
FREQ:STAR 30MHz;POW:MIX RANG
-20dBm
FREQ:STAR
30MHz;POW:MIX:RANG -20dBm
MIX and RANG require a colon to separate them.
:POW:ATT 40dB;TRIG:FREQ:STAR
2.3GHz
:POW:ATT 40dB;:FREQ:STAR
2.3GHz
:FREQ:STAR is in the :SENSE subsystem, not the :TRIGGER subsystem.
:POW:ATT?:FREQ:STAR?
:POW:ATT?;:FREQ:STAR?
:POW and FREQ are within the same :SENSE subsystem, but they are two separate
commands, so they should be separated with a semicolon, not a colon.
:POW:ATT -5dB;:FREQ:STAR
10MHz
:POW:ATT 5dB;:FREQ:STAR
10MHz
Attenuation cannot be a negative value.
230
Chapter 5
Index
Numerics
8560E/EC remote language,
8561E/EC remote language,
8562E/EC remote language,
8563E/EC remote language,
8564E/EC remote language,
8565E/EC remote language,
AMB, 72
AMBPL, 73
amplitude marker, 148
amplitude units, 49, 77
analyzer command, 49
angle parameter (variables), 228
ANNOT, 74
annotation, 74
APB, 75
arbitrary block data, 229
AT, 76
attenuation, 76
coupling, 89
AUNITS, 77
auto couple, 78
AUTOCPL, 78
average
video, 218
AXB, 79
B
B minus display line, 84
B1, 80
B2, 81
B3, 82
B4, 83
bandwidth
channel power, 95
marker, 149
occupied power, 175
power, 179
resolution, 180
video, 219
bit_pattern parameter (variables), 228
BL, 84
BLANK, 85
blank trace, 54, 83, 85
blanking threshold, 210
block data
arbitrary, 229
identifying block size, 229
parsing output, 229
BML, 86
boolean parameter (commands), 227
C
C1, 87
C2, 88
CA, 89
carrier off power, 90
carrier on power, 91
CARROFF, 90
CARRON, 91
center frequency, 92
marker, 110, 150
step size, 197
CF, 92
CHANNEL, 93
channel power, 94
bandwidth, 95
channel selection, 93
CHANPWR, 94
character EOI, 49
characters, 48
CHPWRBW, 95
clear
write, 51, 80, 96
Clear Log, 22
CLRW, 96
Cmd Error log softkey, 22
command
mnemonic, 48
terminators, 48
commands
boolean parameter, 227
keyword parameter, 227
multiple on a line, 229
parameters, 227
syntax, 224
termination, IEEE, 229
units parameter, 227
valid commands, 224
variable parameter, 227
variable parameter keywords, 227
continuous sweep, 98, 188
CONTS, 98
counter
marker, 154
COUPLE, 99
couple
attenuation, 89
auto, 78
frequency
step size, 101
input, 99
resolution bandwidth, 100
sweep time, 102
video bandwidth, 103
couple sweep, 202
coupling
AC/DC, 131, 132
CR, 100
CS, 101
CT, 102
current units, 49
CV, 103
D
data
arbitrary blocks, 229
data byte, 49
data byte EOI, 49
data entry
hold, 130
231
Index
A
A minus B
into A, 72, 88
off, 87
plus display line, 73
A plus B
to A, 75
A1, 51
A2, 52
A3, 53
A4, 54
absolute amplitude units, 77
AC coupling, 132
AC/DC, 131, 132
ACPALPHA, 55
ACPALTCH, 56
ACPBRPER, 57
ACPBRWID, 58
ACPBW, 59
ACPCOMPUTE, 60
ACPFRQWT, 61
ACPLOWER, 62
ACPMAX, 63
ACPMEAS, 64
ACPMSTATE, 65
ACPPWRTX, 66
ACPRSLTS, 67
ACPSP, 68
ACPT, 69
ACPUPPER, 70
adjacent channel power
alpha weighting, 55
alternate channels, 56
bandwidth, 59
burst period, 57
burst width, 58
channel spacing, 68
compute, 60
frequency weighting, 61
lower, 62
maximum, 63
measure, 64
measurement results, 67
measurement state, 65
T weighting, 69
total power transmitted, 66
upper, 70
ADJALL, 71
alpha weighting, 55
21
21
21
21
21
21
Index
Index
data format
trace, 209
date, 211
set, 192
DC coupling, 131
degree parameter (variables), 228
delay
sweep, 107
delimiter, 49
DELMKBW, 104
delta marker, 140, 151
occupied power bandwidth, 104
step size, 111
DET, 105
detection
mode, 105
digit, 49
display
frequency, 119
line, 106
line off, 135
DL, 106
DLYSWP, 107
documentation, 27
DONE, 108
done
parsing, 108
dotted lines
optional path, 48
E
E1, 109
E2, 110
E3, 111
E4, 112
elapsed time, 115
ERR, 113
error, 113
errors
clearing, 22
ET, 115
EX, 116
exchange traces
A and B, 79, 116
excursion
marker peak, 162
external
trigger, 205
external trigger mode, 213
F
FA, 117
FB, 118
FDSP, 119
FOFFSET, 120
format
trace data, 209
232
free run trigger, 203
free trigger mode, 213
FREF, 121
frequency
center, 92
display off, 119
marker, 153
offset, 120
reference, 121
span, 195
start, 117
stop, 118
units, 49
frequency parameter (variables), 228
FS, 122
full span, 122
G
GATE, 124
gate, 124
gate control, 125
gate delay, 126
gate length, 127
gate polarity, 128
GATECTL, 125
GD, 126
getting started, 14
GL, 127
GP, 128
GRAT, 129
graticule, 129
H
hardware requirements, 16
HD, 130
hints
compatibility, 46
speed, 46
synchronization, 46
hold
data entry, 130
maximum, 171
minimum, 147
I
I1, 131
I2, 132
ID, 133
identify remote language, 133
IEEE command termination, 229
IF adjustment, 71
impedance
units, 49
input
attenuation, 76
coupling, 99
input attenuation, 23
installing N9061A, 17
instrument preset, 134
integer variable (variables), 228
IP, 134
K
keyword parameter (commands), 227
L
L0, 135
legacy instrument selection, 21
level
mixer, 168
reference, 185
reference offset, 186
video trigger, 222
LG, 136
licensing, 17
licensing N9061A, 17
limitations
commands supported, 14
predefined functions, 15
user-defined functions, 15
line trigger, 204
line trigger mode, 213
linear scale, 137
LN, 137
LO adjustment, 71
LO and IF adjustment, 71
loading N9061A, 17
log file, 22
logarithmic scale, 136
logging, 22
lower adjacent channel power, 62
lsb length, 49
M
M1, 138
M2, 139
M3, 140
MA, 142
marker
amplitude, 148
amplitude output, 142
bandwidth, 149
center frequency, 110, 150
counter resolution, 155
delta, 140, 151
delta step size, 111
frequency, 153
frequency counter, 154
frequency output, 146
minimum, 156
noise, 158
normal, 139, 157
Index
N
N9061A-2FP - installation, 17
noise
marker, 158
measurement, 158
signal to noise ratio, 158
normal
marker, 139, 157
normalize trace data, 172
normalized reference level, 173
normalized reference position, 174
NORMLIZE, 172
NRL, 173
NRPOS, 174
number syntax, 49
O
OCCUP, 175
occupied power bandwidth, 175
occupied power bandwidth within delta
marker, 104
offset
frequency, 120
reference level, 186
output data, identifying block size, 229
output termination, 49
P
parameter (variables), 228
parameters (commands), 227
parameters, variable, 228
parsing done, 108
peak
excursion marker, 162
marker, 109, 160
pre-selector, 177
percent occupied power bandwidth,
175
percent parameter (variables), 228
phase parameter (variables), 228
PLOT, 176
polarity
trigger, 216
power
bandwidth, 179
carrier off, 90
carrier on, 91
channel, 94
percent occupied bandwidth, 175
power measurement
mean, 144
power parameter (variables), 228
PP, 177
pre-selector peak, 177
preset instrument, 134
PRINT, 178
programming
command parameters, 227
command syntax, 224
SCPI basics, 224
valid commands, 224
PWRBW, 179
Q
query
status byte, 199
sweep, 145
R
ratio
VBW/RBW, 220
RB, 100, 180
RBR, 181
RBW to span ratio, 181
RBW/VBW, 23
RC, 182
RCLS, 183
recall last state, 182
recall state, 183
recommended path, 48
reference level, 185
marker to, 112, 163
normalized, 173
offset, 186
reference position
normalized, 174
Refresh log file, 22
relative power parameter (variables),
228
remote language
8560E/EC, 21
8561E/EC, 21
8562E/EC, 21
8563E/EC, 21
8564E/EC, 21
8565E/EC, 21
selection, 21
repeating syntax element, 48
request service conditions, 187
reserved words, 48
resolution
marker counter, 155
resolution bandwidth, 180
coupling, 100
to span ratio, 181
video bandwidth ratio, 220
results data, identifying block size, 229
returning or storing trace values, 207,
208, 214, 215
REV, 184
revision, 184
RL, 185
ROFFSET, 186
233
Index
occupied power bandwidth, 104
off, 138, 159
peak, 109, 160
peak excursion, 162
reference level, 112
step size, 111, 165
threshold, 161
time, 166
to center frequency, 110
to reference level, 112, 163
to span, 164
track, 167
track off, 169
track on, 170
max mixer level, 23
maximum adjacent channel power, 63
maximum hold, 52, 81, 171
MEAN, 143
mean
power measurement, 144
trace, 143
MEANPWR, 144
MEAS, 145
MF, 146
MINH, 147
minimum
hold, 147
marker, 156
mixer level, 168
MKA, 148
MKBW, 149
MKCF, 150
MKD, 151
MKF, 153
MKFC, 154
MKFCR, 155
MKMIN, 156
MKN, 157
MKNOISE, 158
MKOFF, 159
MKPK, 160
MKPT, 161
MKPX, 162
MKRL, 163
MKSP, 164
MKSS, 165
MKT, 166
MKTRACK, 167
ML, 168
mnemonic
command, 48
msb length, 49
MT0, 169
MT1, 170
MXMH, 171
Index
Index
RQS, 187
S
S1, 188
S2, 189
save state, 190, 201
SAVES, 190
scale
linear, 137
logarithmic, 136
SCPI language
basic info, 224
command parameters, 227
command syntax, 224
keyword parameters, 227
valid commands, 224
screen title, 212
display, 212
scrolling log file, 22
secondary keywords, 48
select remote language, 21
selection
channel, 93
SER, 191
serial number, 191
service request, 196
set
date, 192
RF coupling to AC, 132
RF coupling to DC, 131
time, 193
SETDATE, 192
SETTIME, 193
shipment
verification list, 27
signal-to-noise ratio, 158
single sweep, 189, 194
SNGLS, 194
softkeys
8560 Series, 21
8560E/EC, 21
8561E/EC, 21
8562E/EC, 21
8563E/EC, 21
8564E/EC, 21
8565E/EC, 21
Atten Offset, 23
Clear Log, 22
Cmd Error Log, 22
Limit RBW/VBW, 23
Next Page, 22
Previous Page, 22
Refresh, 22
SP, 195
span, 181, 195
frequency, 195
full, 122
234
marker, 164
special, 48
numbers, 48
SRQ, 196
user-defined, 196
SS, 197
ST, 198
start frequency, 117
state
recall, 182, 183
save, 190, 201
status byte query, 199
STB, 199
step size
center frequency, 197
marker, 165
stop frequency, 118
string parameter (variables), 228
SUM, 200
sum of traces, 200
SV, 201
sweep
continuous, 98, 188
couple, 202
delay, 107
query, 145
single, 189, 194
take, 217
time, 198
sweep time coupling, 102
SWPCPL, 202
syntax elements, 48
syntax for commands, 48
T
T weighting
adjacent channel power, 69
T1, 203
T2, 204
T3, 205
T4, 206
TA, 207
take sweep, 217
TB, 208
TDF, 209
terminators
command, 48
TH, 210
threshold, 210
marker, 161
time, 211
elapsed, 115
marker, 166
set, 193
units, 49
time date, 211
time parameter (variables), 228
TIMEDATE, 211
time-gating, 124
tips
compatibility, 46
speed, 46
synchronization, 46
TITLE, 212
title, 212
TM, 213
TRA, 214
trace
blank, 54, 85
data format, 209
data I/O, 207, 208, 214, 215
mean, 143
returning values, 207, 208, 214, 215
storing values, 207, 208, 214, 215
view, 53, 82
trace B minus display line, 86
trace data format, 229
track marker, 167
TRB, 215
trigger
external, 205
free run, 203
line, 204
mode, 213
polarity, 216
video, 206
video level, 222
triggering the analyzer, 213
TRIGPOL, 216
TS, 217
turning logging on, 22
TV trigger mode, 213
U
units, 49
units parameter (commands), 227
upper adjacent channel power, 70
URL
signal analyzer updates, 27
user-defined SRQ, 196
V
variable parameter (commands), 227
variables
angle parameter, 228
bit_data parameter, 228
degree parameter, 228
frequency parameter, 228
integer parameter, 228
parameters, 228
percent parameter, 228
phase parameter, 228
power parameter, 228
relative power parameter, 228
Index
string parameter, 228
time parameter, 228
voltage parameter, 228
VAVG, 218
VB, 219
VBR, 220
VBW/RBW ratio, 220
video average, 218
video bandwidth, 219
coupling, 103
video bandwidth to resolution
bandwidth ratio, 220
video trigger, 206
video trigger level, 222
video trigger mode, 213
VIEW, 221
view
mode, 53, 82
trace, 221
view trace, 53, 82
view trace, trace
view, 221
voltage parameter (variables), 228
VTL, 222
W
website
firmware updates, 27
Index
235
Index
Index
236
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