Red Arrow SMAC-2 User manual

Red Arrow SMAC-2 User manual
The following conditions can result in transient CO situations in the home:
Carbon Monoxide Alarm
Installation Instructions
P.1.
For models: SMAC-2
This installation must be carried out by an electrician.
Please read these instructions carefully before installation.
Leave a copy for the user/maintenance engineer for future reference.
• Excessive spillage or reverse venting of fuel burning appliances caused by:
heavy air
1. Outdoor ambient conditions such as wind direction and / or velocity, including high gusts of wind;
2. Negative pressure differential resulting from the use of exhaust fans.
3. Simultaneous operation of several fuel burning appliances competing for limited internal air.
4. Vent pipe connection vibrating loose from clothes dryers, furnaces, or water heaters.
5. Obstructions in or unconventional vent pipe designs which amplify the above situations.
in the vent pipes (cold/humid air with extended periods between cycles).
• Extended operation of unvented fuel burning devices (range, oven, fireplace, etc.)
• Temperature inversions which can trap exhaust gases near the ground.
• Car idling in an open or closed attached garage, or near a home.
Main Features
WHAT IS CARBON MONOXIDE
WARNING
• Long life electrochemical sensor
Carbon Monoxide (CO) is an insidious poison that is released
when fuels are burnt. It is a colourless, odorless, tasteless gas
and therefore very difficult to detect with the human senses.
CO kills hundreds of people each year and injures many
more. It binds to the hemoglobin in the blood and reduces
the amount of oxygen being circulated in the body. In high
concentrations, CO can kill in minutes.
This carbon monoxide alarm is designed for indoor use only. Do not expose to rain or moisture. It will not protect against
the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning when the battery has drained.
• Easy installation.
• Test / reset button
• Low battery warning
• Self test function
• Supplied with wall plugs & screws
• Cannot be fitted with battery missing
• Approved to EN50291-1:2010
CO is produced by the incomplete combustion of fuels such as
wood, charcoal, coal, heating oil, parraffin, petrol, natural
gas, propane, butane etc.
Common Sources of CO:
Specification
• Attached garages
• Model: SMAC-2
• Oil and gas furnaces
• Power Source: 220-240V AC 50-60Hz, 9.6 Watts, with a
9V battery back-up (battery included).
• Wood stoves
• Battery back-up: 9V Alkaline battery PP3 (Gold Peak
1604A, Duracell MN1604, Energizer 1222, IEC 6LR61,
IEC6LF22).
• Wood and gas fireplaces
• Barbecues
Do not open or tamper with the alarm as this could cause malfunction.
Installation of the apparatus should not be used as a substitute for proper installation, use and maintain of fuel burning
appliances including appropriate ventilation and exhaust system.
INSTALLING THE CO ALARM
WARNING
This apparatus is mains powered and requires wiring by a qualified electrician in accordance with the current IEE
Regulations for Electrical Installations (BS7671).
The circuit used to power the apparatus must be a dedicated permanent supply that cannot be switched off accidently by
the normal user. Before installing ensure the electrical supply is isolated.
WARNING: To prevent injury, this apparatus must be securely attached to the wall / ceiling in accordance with the
installation instructions.
• Gas appliances
• Battery back-up life: In the event of a break in the mains
• Portable generators
supply the battery will give detector operation for 1 month
• Gas or kerosene heaters
minimum.
• Operation current: <35mA operation (in alarm).
• Clogged chimneys
• Type of gas sensed: Carbon Monoxide.
• Cigarette smoke
• Sensor life: Up to 5 years
LOCATING THE CO ALARM
• Alarm response time: 50PPM (between 60 to 90min),
100ppm (between 10 to 40min), 300ppm (less than 3min). Carbon Monoxide alarm is designed to detect the toxic
CO fumes that result from incomplete combustion, such as
• Operation temperature: -10°C ~ 40°C
those emitted from appliances, furnaces, fireplace and auto
• Ambient humidity: 10%-90%
exhaust.
• Sounder level: 85 Decibels at 1m
Ideally, a CO alarm should be installed in every room
containing a fuel burning appliance. Additional apparatus
may be installed to ensure that adequate warning is given for
occupants in other rooms, by locating apparatus in:
• Remote rooms in which the occupant spend considerable time whilst awake and from which they may not be able to
hear an alarm from apparatus in another part of the premises, and
• Every sleeping room.
However, if there is a fuel burning appliance in more than one room and the number of CO alarm is limited, the following
points should be taken into consideration when deciding on the best location:
Wall mount installation:
• Disconnect the AC main power from the circuit that is going to be used.
• Having established the mounting location ensure that there is no electrical wiring or pipe work in the area adjacent to
the mounting surface.
• Mark the two mounting hole locations.
• Drill holes in the positions marked.
• Insert wall plugs into the drilled holes.
• Screw mounting bracket to mounting surface. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
• Unlock the apparatus unit from the base by pushing up the temporary latch with a screw driver.
• Strip the Live / Neutral wires.
• Connect the wires to the correct terminals (on the mounting plate) to incoming supply.
The alarm must be wired in accordance with National wiring codes.
LIVE: connect to house wires coloured Brown or maked with L.
NEUTRAL: connect to house wires coloured Blue or maked with N.
• Insert a 9V battery firmly into battery compartment on the rear of the apparatus. NOTE POLARITY OF
CONNECTIONS. NOTE - for the safety of the end user the CO alarm cannot be fitted without its battery.
• Assemble the alarm onto the mounting plate.
• A apparatus should be located in a room containing a flueless or open-flued appliance.
• If there is an appliance in a room where people spend most time, a apparatus should be placed in that room.
OPERATING YOUR CO ALARM
• If there is an appliance in a room where people sleep, a apparatus should be placed in that room.
Normal Operation
• In a bedsit, the apparatus should be placed as far from the cooking appliances as possible but near to where the person After battery installation, the green LED will flash five times. Then the unit will enter into the normal operation mode.
sleeps.
When no carbon monoxide is present, the green light will flash approximately once per minute and is an indication that
• If the appliance is in a room not normally used, such as a boiler room, the apparatus should be placed just outside the your alarm is powered and functional.
room so that the alarm will be heard more easily.
During normal operation the CO alarm perform a self-check test every minute.
CAUTION
This alarm will only indicate the presence of carbon monoxide gas at the sensor. Carbon Monoxide gas may be present
in other areas.
IMPORTANT
After installation, test your alarm (see paragraph “Test your CO alarm”)
This carbon monoxide alarm is designed to detect carbon monoxide gas from ANY source of combustion. It is NOT
designed to detect smoke, fire or any other gas.
Alarm Condition
POSITIONING THE CO ALARM
Carbon Monoxide has a similar density to warm air and can be fitted in various locations.
Apparatus located in the same room as a fuel-burning appliance:
• If the apparatus is located on a wall, it should be located at a height greater than the height of any door or window but
at least 150mm from the ceiling. If the apparatus is mounted on a ceiling, it should be at least 300mm from any wall.
When the apparatus detects dangerous levels of CO gas, it will give an alarm signal. The red LED will flash and the
buzzer will chirp 6 times simultaneously every second.
After 30 minutes, when the apparatus remains alarming, the red LED will flash and the buzzer will chirp 6 times
simultaneously every minute. During alarming, the green LED will flash once every 10 seconds.
CO LEVEL (PPM)
50
100
300
RESPONSE TIME (MIN)
60-90
10-40
<3
WARNING
• The apparatus should be at a horizontal distance of between 1m and 3m from the potential source.
This product may not alarm at low carbon monoxide levels. Individuals with medical problems may consider using
• If there is partition in a room, the apparatus should be located on the same side of the partition as the potential source. warning devices which provide audible signals for carbon monoxide concentrations under 30 PPM.
• In rooms with sloped ceilings, the apparatus should be located at the high side of the room.
Low Battery Signal
Apparatus located in sleeping rooms and in rooms remote from a fuel burning appliance:
• The apparatus should be located relatively close to the breathing zone of the occupants.
Areas to be avoided include the following:
In case the battery is at the end of its life, the apparatus will sound a short chirp with a yellow LED flash simultaneously
in every minute. The battery should be replaced immediately. This low voltage warning will be given for at least 30 days.
Note: Constant exposure to high or low humidity may reduce battery efficiency.
• Situations where the temperature may drop below -10°C or exceed 40°C.
• In a damp or humid area.
Unit Malfunction
• Any area where high levels of dusty, dirty or greasy emissions could contaminate or clog the sensor.
Your CO alarm performs an internal self-diagnosis every minute to make sure that it is functioning properly. In the
rare event that your alarm malfunctions, the apparatus will sound a double short chirp and the yellow LED flash
simultaneously in every minute. In this case the alarm must be replaced.
• Where the air flow to the apparatus would be obstructed by curtains or furniture.
• Next to a door or window or in the path of air discharged from a furnace / air conditioning vent or ceiling fan.
• Outside the building.
• Directly above a sink or cooker.
Never ignore a CO unit’s alarm. A true alarm is an indication of potentially dangerous levels of carbon monoxide. CO
alarms are designed to alert you to the presence of carbon monoxide before an emergency, before most people would
experience symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, giving you time to resolve the problem calmly.
• In or below a cupboard.
TESTING YOUR CO ALARM
It is recommended that you test your CO alarm once a month to ensure the alarm is working correctly.
Test the unit by depressing the Test / Reset button. The red LED will flash and the buzzer will chirp 6 times
simultaneously. Then the unit will enter into the normal operation mode and the green light should flash once a minute.
• Have installations done by professionals.
• Have your appliances checked regularly by a qualified service engineer.
• Clean chimneys and flues yearly.
WHAT TO DO IF THE ALARM SOUNDS
• Make regular visual inspections of all fuel-burning appliances.
WARNING
• Check appliances for excessive rust and scaling.
Actuation of your CO alarm indicates the presence of Carbon Monoxide (CO), which can KILL YOU. If alarm signal
sounds:
• Do not barbecue indoors, or in attached garage.
1. Immediately move to fresh air - outdoord or by an open door / window. Do a head count to check that all persons are
accounted for.
• Open windows when a fireplace or wood burning stove is in use.
• Be aware of CO poisoning symptoms.
2. Where possible turn off all fuelled appliances and stop using them.
3. Call your emergency services.
DO NOT:
4. Do not re-enter the premises nor move away from the open door / window until emergency services responders have
arrived, the premises have been aired out, and your alarm remains in its normal condition.
• Burn charcoal inside your home, RV, camper, tent or cabin.
MAINTAINING YOUR CO ALARM
• Ignore any warning from your CO alarm.
• Install, convert or service fuel burning appliances without proper knowledge, skill and expertise.
5. Call a qualified appliance technician to investigate for sources of CO from fuel burning equipment and appliances,
• Use a gas range, oven or clothes dryer for heating
and inspect for proper operation of this equipment. If problems are identified during this inspection have the
equipment serviced immediately. Note any combustion equipment not inspected by the technician and consult the
• Operate unvented gas burning appliances using kerosene or natural gas in closed room.
manufacturers’ instructions, or contact the manufacturers directly, for more information about the CO safety and this
equipment. Make sure that motor vehicles are not, and have not been, operating in an attached garage or adjacent to • Operate gasoline powered engines indoors or in confined areas.
the residence.
• Ignore a safety device when it shuts an appliance off.
Your alarm will alert you to potentially hazardous CO concentrations in your home when maintained properly. To
maintain your alarm in proper working order, it is recommended that you:
• Test your alarm at least once a month.
• Clean the outside case regularly to prevent dust or dirt build up in the slots. DO NOT USE CLEANING AGENTS,
BLEACH, POLISH, OR ANY CHEMICALS. Chemicals can permanently damage or temporarily contaminate the
sensor. Simply wipe with a damp cloth OR a clean tissue.
• Do not paint the CO alarm.
NOTE - If you will be staining or stripping wood floors or furniture, painting, wall-papering, or using aerosols or
adhesives, remove the CO alarm to a remote location before in order to prevent possible damage to or contamination of
the sensor.
END OF UNIT LIFE
The apparatus will operate up to 5 years under normal use. A fresh battery should last for at least one year. The
apparatus must be replaced when a fault warning signal is given.
NOTE: With normal use the battery will last at least 1 year. However, battery life will be reduced if either a fault occurs
with the battery or the apparatus remains in alarm for long periods of time.
THIS PRODUCT CANNOT BE REPAIRED - IF THE UNIT IS TAMPERED WITH IT WILL INVALIDATE THE
GUARANTEE. IF THE UNIT IS FAULTY PLEASE RETURN TO YOUR ORIGINAL SUPPLIER WITH YOUR PROOF
OF PURCHASE.
The following is a list of substances which, at high levels, can affect the sensor and may cause a nuisance alarm that is
not a carbon monoxide alarm.
YOUR CO ALARM GUARANTEE
Methane, propane, iso-butane, ethylene, ethanol, alcohol, isopropanol, benzene, toluene, ethyl acetate, hydrogen,
hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxides.
Also most aerosols sprays, alcohol based products, paints, solvents, adhesives, hair sprays, after shaves, perfumes and
some cleaning agents.
BATTERY REPLACEMENT
If the CO Alarm emits a short ‘beep’ once a minute the battery is at the end of its life and should be replaced
immediately. This low voltage warning will be given for at least 30 days. Always TURN OFF the A.C. supply to the
apparatus before replacing the battery.
• Unlock the apparatus unit from the base by pushing up the temporary latch with a screw driver.
• Remove the old battery from the compartment.
• Insert a new, healthy 9V battery. NOTE POLARITY OF CONNECTIONS.
• Using the Push-to-Test button to test the CO Alarm. See “Testing your CO Alarm”.
This CO Alarm, excluding battery, is guaranteed to be free from defects in materials and workmanships under normal
residential use and service for a period of 5 years from the date of purchase. The company will not be obligated to repair
or replace parts that are found to be in need of repair because of misuse, damage or alterations occur after the date
of purchase. Send the CO Alarm with proof of purchase, postage and return postage prepaid, to local distributor. The
liability of the company arising from the sale of this CO Alarm shall not in any case exceed the cost of replacement of
the product and in no case shall the company be liable for consequent loss or damage resulting from the failure of the
product.
RED ARROW TRADING SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY PERSONAL INJURY OR PROPERTY DAMAGE,
OR ANY SPECIAL INCIDENTAL, CONTINGENT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE. THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY
FOR BREACH OF THE LIMITED WARRANTY CONTAINED HEREIN IS THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF
THE DEFECTIVE PRODUCT AT RED ARROW TRADING OPTION. IN NO CASE SHALL RED ARROW TRADING’S
LIABILITY UNDER ANY OTHER REMEDY PESCRIBED BY LAW EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE.
YOUR CO ALARM IS NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR PROPERTY, DISABILITY, LIFE OR OTHER INSURANCE OF ANY
KIND. APPROPRIATE COVERAGE IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY. CONSULT YOUR INSURANCE AGENT.
This does not affect your statutory rights. This alarm is only suitable for single occupancy private dwellings only and not
intended for multi occupancy private dwellings or commercial or industrial dwellings.
• Reattach the CO alarm to the mounting plate.
WARNING: DANGER OF EXPLOSION IF BATTERY IS INCORRECTLY REPLACED. THE USE OF BATTERIES
OTHER THAN THOSE RECOMMENDED ON THE BACK OF THE CO ALARM MAY BE DETRIMENTAL TO ITS
OPERATION.
Waste electrical products should not be disposed of with normal household waste. Please recycle where facilities exist.
Check with your Local Authority or retailer for recycling advice. New regulation will encourage the recycling of Waste
from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (European “WEEE Directive” effective August 2005).
SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING
The following symptoms may be related to CO poisoning:
35 ppm
The maximum allowable concentration for continuous exposure for healthy adults in any 8 hour period.
200ppm
Slight headaches, fatigue, dizziness, nausea after 2-3 hours.
400ppm
Frontal headaches, within 1-2 hours, life threatening after 3 hours.
800ppm
hours.
Dizziness, nausea and convulsions within 45 minutes. Unconsciousness within 2 hours. Death within 3
1600ppm
Headache, dizziness and nausea within 20 minutes. Death within 1 hour.
6400ppm
Headache, dizziness and nausea within 1-2 minutes.
The following symptoms re related to CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING and are to be discussed with ALL members of
the household:
Mild Exposure: Slight headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue (often described as “flu-like” symptoms).
Medium Exposure: Severe throbbing headache, drowsiness, confusion, fast heart rate.
Extreme Exposure: Unconsciousness, convulsions, cardio-respiratory failure, death.
Many cases of reported CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING indicate that while victims are aware they are not well. They
become so disorientated they are unable to save themselves by either the building or calling for assistance .Young children
and household pets are typically the first affected.
The apparatus may not prevent the chronic effects of carbon dioxide exposure and that the apparatus will not fully
safeguard individuals at special risk.
Product complies with
all relevant European
standards
IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS
Installation of your CO alarm is only one step in your safety plan. Educate yourself and family to the sources and
symptoms of CO poisoning and how to use your carbon monoxide alarm:
• Replace the battery immediately once depleted.
• Buy appliances accepted by a recognised testing laboratory.
• Install the appliances properly, following the manufactueres instructions.
Guarantee
This product is guaranteed for a period of 5 year from the date of purchase. The guarantee is invalid in the case of improper use, tampering, removal of the Q.C. date label, installation in an
improper working environment or installation not according to the current edition of the I.E.E. Wiring Regulations (BS7671). Subject to correct installation and return of the faulty unit.
We do not accept responsibility for any installation costs associated with the replacement of this product. We reserve the right to alter specifications without prior notice.
Red Arrow Trading
Elsworth House, Herries Road South,
Sheffield, S6 1QS
T: 0800 195 0006 F: 0870 043 3946
E: [email protected]
www.redarrowtrading.com
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