MEDICAL MICROSCOPY LIFE SCIENCE METROLOGY MACHINE VISION SURVEILLANCE HDTV INTERNET STREAMING PHOTNICS Silicon Imaging SI-1024F MegaCamera 1.0 Million Pixel Progressive Scan Digital Camera Features: • • • • • • • • • Silicon Imaging , Inc. 2002 1.0 Million Pixels 12um Square Pixel 1024 x 1024 Sensor Full-Frame Shutter ACS Pixel extreme dynamic operation 30~500 Frames per Second 12 Bit Digital Sampling Mono or Bayer Color CameraLink Interface Specifications subject to change without notice. Silicon Imaging MegaCamera SI-1024F 1.0 Megapixel Progressive Scan, Full-Frame Shutter 12-bit, 30 Frames/sec Digital Camera Silicon Imaging has introduced the world first 1.0 Million pixel Full-Frame Shutter, All-digital, Active Column Sensor (ACS) CMOS camera capable of running at video rates of 30 frames/second at its full 1024 x 1024 resolution. The entire package is only 45 x 52 x 50mm and is small enough to placed on a robot for semiconductor machine vision inspection, embedded into medical instrumentation for cell biology or placed in an aerial drones for surveillance. 1024 x 1024 Megapixel CMOS Technology breakthrough CMOS imagers are breaking technical barriers in noise, sensitivity and dynamic range. Driven by the growing demand for consumer Digital Still Cameras, CMOS sensors have been developed which surpass the performance characteristics of CCD’s in many photonic, imaging and consumer applications. By utilizing a single highly integrated CMOS device, which incorporates Megapixel sensing areas, timing generation, signal processing and high bandwidth outputs, Silicon Imaging has developed a very compact, low power Megapixel digital camera system. 70dB Ultra-Wide Dynamic Range – No Blooming The SI-1024F incorporates a patented ACS 12um pixel which provides high fill factor (> 55%), Reduced Fixed Pattern Noise (FPN) with internal Correlated Double Sampling (CDS) and large well capacity of 600K electrons, to yield scientific grade imagery under extreme lighting or laser illuminated conditions. Unlike CCD’s, these CMOS cameras are anti-blooming and will not exhibit light streaks when they become over saturated by X-ray or Image Intensifier. 12-Bit Pixel Clock Sampling – Sub-Pixel Accuracy The MegaCamera uses 12-Bit digitizers to sample the pixel data at up to 30MHz to achieve 30 Frames/sec data throughput at its full Megapixel resolution. Converting the pixel data directly to digital at the sensor head eliminates pixel-sampling jitter and enables accurate sub-pixel metrology, image analysis and improved live video reconstruction. Full-Frame Triggered Shutter – Stop the Motion Most common CMOS sensors only have a “Rolling Shutter” to control the exposure time for each line in the image. This method can produce unwanted motion tilts or jagged edges, as each row ends integration after the previous one above it. The SI1024F provides a Full-Frame triggered shutter, which completely stops any motion artifacts by exposing all pixels simultaneously and holding the exposed value until it is progressively readout. Long Integration, Binning & Adaptive Exposure Control – See low light Low-light application often require an exposure period longer than a frame time. The SI-1024F enables long integration, with minimum dark current accumulation. The unique ACS pixel architecture allows a non-destructive readout of the image while continuing to integrate to determine if the amplitude of the image has reached the desired levels for adaptive exposure control. Alternatively, combine two images of different exposures to obtain a enhanced dynamic range image. Binning of pixels in either row or columns (2x or 4x) improves SNR for faster exposure speeds and increased frame rates due to the reduced number of binned-pixels to be output. 2000 Frames per Second, Dual Region-of-Interest (ROI) Windowing Ideal for object tracking and high-speed Motion analysis, the SI-1024 is capable of generating imagery at over 2000fps by reducing the size of the readout image (ex. 100x100). Two independent regions of interest (ROI) can be selected to automatically readout sequentially and their positions updated on a frame-by-frame basis. Binning can also be applied to increase readout speeds even further. All-Digital Interface - CameraLink Traditionally, digital cameras required a large number of parallel output signals, which becomes cumbersome to cable and physically large to connect. The SI1024F utilizes digital multiplexers to serialize the image data and transmit 480Mb/sec of data, clock and triggers over just a few twisted pairs, thereby minimizing the cable size and increased flexibility. An industry standard forum has adopted this method, called CameraLink, for low cost connectivity and cabling. Silicon Imaging provides a PCI Frame Grabber board to receive the 12 bit per pixel image and transfers the data directly to the host computer's memory. Silicon Imaging , Inc. 2002 FEATURES • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1024 x 1024 Resolution (1.0 Million Pixels) Full Frame Triggered Shutter, Progressive scan 1” Imaging Format , 12um Square Pixel ACS Pixel for extreme dynamic operation 12 Bits per Pixel, 30MHz Sampling High Speed Readout (30 ~ 2000FPS) Row and column binning at 2x & 4x Dual Region-of-Interest (ROI) windowing CameraLink Digital Interface Progressive Rolling Shutter Mode 1usec~4sec Precision High Speed Shutter Long Integration (up to n-Frame Times) Adaptive exposure with Non-Destructive readout Programmable Gain, Offset, Clock, Shutter & ROI External Clock Synchronization (FrameLock) Monochrome & Color Bayer RGB Models 5VDC Low Power, Small Package Specifications subject to change without notice. SI-1204F Camera Block Diagram Register Programming 5VDC Power Supply & Trigger Controller VIDEO CLOCK LVAL uP Control ChannelLink MUX 28 : 4 PLL & Timing Generator LVDS FVAL DVAL 12 Bit A/D Processor LVDS ACS-I 1024 x 1024 @ 30FPS PCB OEM Version MDR-26 44 x 33 x 14mm - 2PCB Actual size CAPTURE & CONTROL SOFTWARE (GRAB) A free ready-to-run interactive capture program (GRAB) features camera control screens, line and column pixel plots, image sequence capture, and image sequence display. Individual images can be saved to disk for processing by other programs. COLOR BAYER CONVERSION & FLAT FIELD CORRECTION Bayer color Image data from the SI-1024F-RGB is converted to 24Bit RGB using the most advanced signal color conversion algorithm available. AWB Automatic White Balance functions are implemented to match the true world color to the calculated and displayed values. These functions are also available in the Imaging Library (SDK-IP) for OEM applications. LIVE VIDEO DISPLAY & SEQUENCE CAPTURE Image display is provided by the host computer's video graphics adapter (VGA) and monitor(s) or flat panel(s). Display resolution is a function of the capabilities of these devices. Some Super VGA (SVGA) monitors can display the full resolution of the camera image. A software lookup-table feature allows display of 8 bits from the 12 bit gray level image with gain and gamma controls. IMAGE PROCESSING SOFTWARE (IPS) This Windows application is a ready-to-run interactive image processing and analysis program for qualitative and quantitative image operations. A few mouse clicks select histograms, morphology, measurements, edge detection, correlations, FFT’s, 3D plots, arithmetic operations, and many other functions. The tools provide analysis of the captured images using 12 bits of gray level per pixel. The IPS can control up to 8 Frame Grabber boards in a single computer. CAPTURE & CONTROL LIBRARY (SDK-FG) This Library of functions enables image capture and camera control for custom developed applications using Microsoft C/C++ and Visual C/Basic programming environments. IMAGE PROCESSING LIBRARY (SDK-IP) The SDK-IP combines all the basic capture & control functions (SDK-FG) with an extensive programming library of image processing, feature extraction and measurement functions. It includes sample code for image processing and allows application-specific code to be added to the large selection of functions already developed. No royalties are required for software developed using our libraries. SOLUTIONS and SUPPORT The Silicon Imaging team has provided vision solutions and support for OEM machine vision manufacturers, camera manufacturers, radiologists, astronomers, biologists, and engineers for 15 years Silicon Imaging , Inc. 2002 Specifications subject to change without notice. FG-1024F FRAME GRABBER SPECIFICATIONS FG-1024F PCI-Bus Frame Grabber CameraLink Interface Camera Link is a new digital transmission method designed by imaging component manufacturers as an easy and standard way to connect digital cameras to frame grabbers. The Camera Link specification includes greater than 1.2Gb/sec data transmission as well as camera control and asynchronous serial communications all on a single cable with high-density 26pin connector. Only two connections are required to quickly interface your digital camera to a multitude of frame grabbers. Silicon Imaging has provided the option to further simplify cabling by allowing camera power (+5VDC) directly thru the CameraLink cable using up to 3 pairs of wires in the standard cable. Features • • • • • • • • 32 bits, 33 MHz PCI slot 132MB/sec burst transfer speed 85~100MB/sec Sustained General purpose Differential Trigger & Power connector 1.55 Amps @ +5 Volts. 4.913 inches long by 4.20 inches high (short slot) CameraLink MDR-26 pin Connection Camera Power at +5VDC on header Description The FG-1024 is a 32-bit/33MHz PCI-bus Camera Link Frame Grabber and Trigger control board optimized for capturing asynchronous triggered images or live continuous video from the FG-1024F Camera. Memory Sequences Image data is transferred from the camera directly to PC Memory. For high-speed recording, up to 3.5Gbytes of PC memory can be allocated in WIN-NT/2000/XP for use in sequence capture. Camera Serial Control Camera features are all programmed via the integrated bi-directional serial port. Control functions include: Full-Frame/Window Readout, ROI settings, Triggering method, Clock speeds, Gain, Offset, binning, adaptive image scan and Exposure duration. Windowing In addition to controlling the region of readout from the camera, the frame grabber provides an additional level of windowing for height, width and position, before data is transferred over the PCI bus. As a standard that has been defined by industry members, Camera Link provides the following benefits: • Standard Interface: Every Camera Link product uses the same cable and signaling. Cameras and frame grabbers can easily be interchanged using the same cable. • Simple Connection: Only two connections will be required to interface a camera and frame grabber: Power and Camera Link. • Lower Cost: Because Camera Link is an industry-wide standard, consumers will be able to take advantage of lower cable prices. • Smaller connectors & cables: The technology used in Camera Link reduces the number of wires required to transmit data over traditional LVDS or RS-422 parallel interfaces, allowing for smaller cables. Smaller cables are more robust and less prone to breakage. • Higher data rates: The technology used in Camera Link has a maximum data rate of 2.3GB/s, for use in the most demanding high definition, high frame rate and line scan. Cable Diagram CameraLink Triggering Functions For high speed triggering for use in exposure timing or sequence capture events, 2 differential signals are used for inputs and one for strobe output. A TTL-to-Differential Module is also available. System Requirements The FG-1024 Requires a PCI motherboard capable of sustained transfer rates of at least 100 MB per second for full resolution image capture to motherboard DRAM. A 16/24/32 bit RGB SVGA compatible display system. Display resolution as per installed VGA device driver. Advanced Graphics Port (AGP) PCI motherboard and AGP VGA is recommended. Silicon Imaging , Inc. 2002 Specifications subject to change without notice. SI-102F MegaCamera Specifications Sensor: Active Pixels Optical Imaging Format Pixel Size (pitch) Pixel Type Aspect Ratio Spectral Response Dynamic Range Fill Factor Sensitivity Linearity (5-70%) QE @ 500nm Read Noise Dark Current Noise Saturation Capacity Conversion Gain Vsat / Vdark Noise Reduction Readout Method Readout Types Shutter Shutter Speed / Integration Minimum Blanking 1024 (H) x 1024 (V) 1” (13.21mm X 13.21mm) 12um x 12um CMOS Active Column Sensor (ACS) 1:1 300 ~ 1100 nm (see curve) 60dB typ / 70dB max (Vsat/RMS Noise) > 55% 0.5 Lux @ F1.0 (monochrome, Gain=on) +/- 2.5% SAT 50.0% Nom 50 e- typ (100e- max) < 2%SAT @ 1 second integtration 300,000 e10.0 uV/e2.8 Vsat, 0.9Vdark Correlated Double Sampling (CDS) Progressive Scan Destructive or Adaptice Exposure Full Frame Shutter or Rolling Shutter Variable, 1 to 1024 Line times 40 Clocks/line Frame Grabber Control & Communication: Serial Communication Signaling GP Asynchronous Triggers General Purpose I/O High Speed Shutter Long Integration Region-of–Interest RS-232 Protocol 9600bps TX & RX (LVDS) 4 (LVDS) – CC1, 2, 3, 4 4 TTL (on Camera PCB header) 1usec ~ 4sec, in 1usec increments n-Frame Times Dual Regions 1 x 1 to 1024 x 1024 4 Settings (1.0x, 1.33x, 2.0x, 4x) 7 Settings (+/- 0.0, 0.3,0.6, 0.9V) Full-Frame, Windowed, Dual Window Adaptive Exposure (non-destructive) Long Integration & Single-Shot Next top of Frame CameraLink (MDR-26) Gain Offset Programmable Modes Setting Timing Data/Power/Trigger/ RS-232 Power Input Voltage Power Power Connection +5 VDC +/- 10% 2.5 Watts Tajimi RO3-PB2M 2Pin Round or Via CameraLink Connector using CC 2, 3, 4 (optional order) A/D Conversion & Sampling Clock Synthesizer 30Mhz (Nominal) 12 Bit 20 ~ 50Mhz Programmable Serial command Protocol 67.5dB 0.2 LSB rms Digital Video Output: 12 Bit Multiplexed LVDS (CameraLink) Readout Rate 30 MHz @ 12 Bit (8 Bit transfer optional) Readout Format 12 Bit (Ports A, B) Frame Rate 1024 x 1024 @ 27 fps 1024 x 768 @ 37 fps XGA 800 x 600 @ 60 fps SVGA 640 x 480 @ 92 fps VGA 320 x 240 @ 347 fps 200 x 200 @ 625 fps 100 x 100 @ 2143 fps 64 x 64 @ 4500 fps Line Readout Rate 35.5usec per line @ 30MHz Signal-to-Noise > 60dB (fc=20MHz, Gains=1.0) Connector MDR 26-pin (3M 10226-6212VC) Mechanical Lens Mount Enclosure Size Weight Camera Mount C-Mount, 7mm Back focus Adj. 45mm W x 52mm H x 50mm L 12 oz. ¼” x 20standard tripod mount Spectral Response Curve QE RESPONSE 1.2000 1.0000 Normalized A/D Conversion Vertical Resolution Pixel Clock Frequency Adjustment Method A/D SNR Output Noise 0.8000 0.6000 0.4000 0.2000 5 0 50 10 97 0 5 0 5 0 5 5 90 82 75 67 60 52 45 37 30 0 0.0000 Wavelength ORDERING INFORMATION SI-1024F-S 1.0 MP Digital Camera, 2M Cable, PCI Frame Grabber & Win 98/NT Imaging Software System SI-1024F-RGB or 1024F-M 1.0 MP Digital Camera (RGB for Color, M for Monochrome) FG-1024F PCI bus Frame Grabber for the SI-1024 CL-2M 2 meter Digital Camera Cable CL-5M 5 meter Digital Camera Cable CL-10M 10 meter Digital Camera Cable Silicon Imaging , Inc. 2002 Specifications subject to change without notice. SI-1024F Mechanical Drawings Silicon Imaging , Inc. 2002 Specifications subject to change without notice.