Dear Sixth Former
Dear Sixth Former, This booklet gives you information about the wide range of academic opportunities that are available to a Sixth Form student at Clifton College. Choosing which subjects to study for A Level is not an easy decision, so it is very important that you spend time exploring the many possible options to gain an understanding of what is involved in the study of each subject. The choice of A Levels is clearly an important step in your future academic career, influencing the university and degree courses to which you can make a successful application. If you are finding it difficult to decide what is best to do next then do please come and see me, Mr Simmons (Deputy Head Academic) or Mr Greenbury (Head of Sixth Form) and we will be happy to discuss the options with you. Dr Tim Greene, Head Master Contents The Sixth Form journey 3 Joining the Sixth Form 7 Science15 Biology 16 Chemistry 17 Physics 18 Psychology 19 Mathematics21 Mathematics 22 Further Mathematics 23 English & Modern Foreign Languages 25 English Language 26 English Literature 27 Classics33 Music & Drama 51 Latin 34 52 Ancient Greek 34 Music 53 Classical Civilisation 36 54 Humanities37 Geography 38 History 39 40 Religious Studies Theatre Studies Music Technology Dance 55 Professional Certificate LAMDA (Sector E) 55 Art & Design 57 PPE & Business Studies 41 Art 58 Photography 59 Politics42 Philosophy 43 Sculpture/Ceramics60 Economics 44 45 Three-Dimensional Design 61 62 Business Studies Physical Education 47 History of Art Gallery 63 29 Sector E 65 Spanish 30 Additional support 67 31 Your choices 71 University destinations 73 French 28 German Italian, Russian and Mandarin (Sector E) 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 2 The Sixth Fo m jou ney 3 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK The Sixth Form journey at Clifton We inspire all our students to follow their interests, whilst imparting a common core of knowledge and cultural experience. We make no apology for fostering individualism and individual passion and talent, but we always balance this with a powerful community ethos and a culture of high all-round expectation. Clifton is a traditional British public school with modern teaching values and strong community values. The vast majority of our Year 11 pupils choose to continue into the Sixth Form, where they are joined by more than 60 talented students from other schools in the UK and overseas. The Sixth Form journey at Clifton is a very special one, providing an opportunity for self-discovery and personal development, as we help prepare students for life beyond school. Everything we do in the Sixth Form, whether inside or outside the classroom, is designed to encourage leadership, organisation, responsibility, self-reliance, resourcefulness, perseverance and tolerance for each other. Clifton’s Sixth Form is a dynamic and stimulating environment in which to live and work. The inventors, entrepreneurs and Nobel Prize winners among our alumni continue to inspire our present-day students to challenge themselves, be intellectually curious and adventurous and, above all, to enjoy every moment of doing so throughout their short two-year journey in the Sixth Form. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 4 An inspirational learning environment At the heart of all teaching and learning in the Sixth Form is the encouragement of intellectual development, in preparation for entry into leading universities in the UK and abroad. Our A Level teachers encourage intellectual risk taking, and deliberately create an environment where students are free to question, free to discover, free to try and free to succeed. Although every student has different abilities, talents and levels of confidence, we believe they all have a unique contribution to make and we ask each 5 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK to aspire to the highest standards of which he or she is capable. The distinctive, historic buildings at Clifton provide an inspirational backdrop for learning with an enviable mix of modern facilities and traditional 19th century architecture. The Percival Library is a beautiful Grade II listed building, home to more than 15,000 books and a computer suite; this and other specialised buildings, such as the Joseph Cooper Music School and the Redgrave Theatre, ensure our students have access to first class facilities, which enhance their educational experience. Clifton also enjoys an unrivalled science heritage of Nobel Prize winners which arose from the highly equipped and staffed Science School, which includes The Stone Library containing approximately 5,000 scientific books. Another of our most cherished buildings is the beautiful Grade II listed Chapel, which has provided a focal point for the college over the years, hosting services, concerts and a wide range of other events. An all-round Sixth Form education Inter-House competitions in many aspects of school life, including Drama, Art, Music, Debating and Sport, are widely anticipated and allow students to challenge themselves in areas never previously considered, and to discover new talents. Clifton provides a secure, attractive and challenging environment for young people to become well-rounded and capable individuals, equipped to fulfil their own unique potential. The extensive offering of games, activities and events that take place outside of the classroom are more than just add-on ‘extras’, they form part of the well-rounded education that is the ‘Clifton lifestyle’. The academic foundation and quiet confidence instilled in our Sixth Form students enables them to venture in any direction they choose. Leavers progress to the UK’s elite universities; on average Clifton assists more than 10 Upper Sixth students per year in achieving an Oxbridge place. A Clifton education truly provides limitless opportunities and the Sixth Form in particular is a time when both academic and personal futures are shaped. In the Sixth Form as throughout the Upper School, students lead busy, active and fulfilling days, where they are able to learn valuable skills and discover new enthusiasms and talents. The school week is balanced between lessons, sport, drama, outdoor pursuits, CCF, community work and clubs ranging from code breaking to caving. The Sixth Form lifestyle The benefits of a single-sex House system and a coeducational learning environment encourage students to value each other as brothers and sisters in their Houses and respected colleagues in the classroom. The individuals in this unique community inspire, educate and appreciate each other, encouraging respect and enriched cultural awareness, and we look to our Sixth Form students to set a strong example in this regard. The Clifton community brings together girls and boys, day pupils and boarders, religious faiths and nationalities. Unlike some schools we do not offer Houses that are exclusively Sixth Form; we believe that the sense of ‘family’ and the opportunities for leadership are best provided in a House with a 13-18 age range. However, we recognise that, as a group, the Sixth Form also needs to have its own identity and space, so the Houses are designed to allow this and the Junior Common Room located in the Crypt provides a social focus for Sixth Formers from every House to meet together and socialise. There is no such thing as a typical Cliftonian. All students can be themselves and form friendships that last a lifetime, whether they have been in the School from age 2 or from age 16. The School provides a real sense of community, with many opportunities in the years after Clifton to network and join together again through the Old Cliftonian Society. We also have our own dedicated Sixth Form Centre, which was opened in 2011, which comprises five wellequipped classrooms and an ICT suite. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 6 Joining the Sixth Fo m 7 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Admission to the Sixth Form We require three A grades (or grade 7 in the new GCSE*) and three B grades (or grade 6) at GCSE as the requirement for external and internal entrants to the Sixth Form. In all cases the Head Master will review each student’s performance on an individual basis and admission to the Sixth Form is at his discretion. Individual departments also have minimum entry criteria, which are set out in this booklet. *Please note: throughout this booklet any mention of ‘GCSE’ is used to refer to GCSE or IGCSE. AS and A Levels At Clifton we believe the most appropriate qualification in preparation for entry to university is the GCE A Level. It is the most widely recognised qualification in the UK by a substantial margin, and allows students to study subjects in which they have a particular interest and explore these in depth, whilst also being able to broaden their curriculum through a wide choice of subject areas. As you may be aware, A Levels have been undergoing a period of reform with the intention that all A Level qualifications become linear, and this process will be nearly complete by September 2017. This means that although it will still be possible to obtain an AS qualification in a particular subject, the marks from this will not then count towards the overall A Level grade. The A Levels will be assessed solely by examinations taken in the summer of the Upper Sixth year. At present, 31 subjects are offered as A Level options (see the index on Page 2). Most students will follow four subjects from these to AS in the Lower Sixth, before narrowing down to three subjects for A Level in Upper Sixth, though some will continue with four. It may also be possible to re-sit an AS or pick up an additional AS in the Upper Sixth. In addition, we operate a “Sector E”. Sector E allows students to pursue additional interests, in areas such as performance or photography, or to choose an additional two-year GCSE or AS course in, for example, a new modern foreign language. Where necessary, others may take the opportunity to re-sit Mathematics or English GCSE. All departments offer AS examinations, although some may prefer students continuing to A Level not to sit the AS for curriculum and timetabling reasons. AS and A Level examinations can only be taken in the summer. AS qualifications sat at the end of the Lower Sixth appear on UCAS applications. Most of the universities ranked in the top 40 or so will continue to make offers based on three A Level grades; others will use the new tariff points system. The structure of the week The Upper School at Clifton operates a one-week timetable, consisting of 38 periods of 40 minutes. In both the Upper and Lower Sixth, subjects have either seven or eight periods per week. Most subjects split these lessons between two teachers. In addition to timetabled lessons, up to four lessons are allocated for Sector E and one for a compulsory lecture slot on Friday afternoon. The remaining periods are for private study, and the appropriate use of these is a key study skill for our students to learn. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 8 How to choose subjects There are a number of questions to ask yourself when deciding which subjects to choose. In priority order they should go as follows: • Do I have a particular degree or career I am interested in? For example, if you are planning to do Medicine at university, you must choose Chemistry, whilst Biology and Mathematics are advisable. For Engineering at top universities, Mathematics and Physics are essential whilst Further Mathematics is strongly advised. Natural Sciences courses also have specific requirements. The Head of Sixth Form can give you more advice on these requirements. • What do I enjoy doing? At A Level you will study subjects in far more depth than at GCSE, so you need to have a genuine interest in the subject to sustain the enthusiasm that will underpin your work. level of attainment may not be a good predictor of future success. In addition, there are a number of new options for you at A Level, such as Politics, Philosophy and Photography. • What am I good at? Naturally you need to take account of your ability in a subject. On this point, please also see the departmental requirements at GCSE for each subject on the relevant subject page. However, you should not just choose subjects based on your current grades; for example, PE at GCSE is heavily based on assessed work, whilst at A Level it is much more theoretical, so your current You will probably need help in making the right decision regarding subjects. Obviously you need to speak to your parents/guardians, but you may also find it helpful to speak to your Housemaster/mistress, tutor, Heads of Department, Head of Sixth Form, and the Deputy Head Academic. It may also be helpful to speak to current members of the Sixth Form. Academic progress All members of the Sixth Form are assigned to a tutor, whose group contains a maximum of 12 students made up of both Lower Sixth and Upper Sixth students. Tutors are key to assisting Housemasters/mistresses in reviewing your academic progress in the Sixth Form, and you will meet regularly. At every half-term and end of term you will receive either a grade or written report assessing your effort and achievement. The achievement grades (A-U) are not examination predictions but give an indication 9 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK of how well you have performed in that period when judged against the examination standard. Tutors will use all this information to give praise where relevant or to suggest strategies for improvement, which may include placing students on report. It is important to establish good study skills and time management, again, an area in which tutors can assist. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 10 University entrance and careers It is very much the norm for Cliftonians to move on to university after A Levels, and a great deal of time and effort is devoted to ensuring that wise and sensible choices which suit the individual concerned are made. A university education is worthwhile, but it is expensive, and applicants must approach the process with plenty of accurate information and self-awareness. Students will receive guidance from parents, teachers, tutors, Housemasters/mistresses, the Head of Sixth Form and experts from outside the College, but they must realise that it is their future and they must reach decisions with which they are happy. Most Cliftonians apply to UK universities, but there are always candidates who go further afield, including the USA, Canada, Hong Kong and Continental Europe. The College has considerable expertise in all these areas, and students should spend time working out the type of institution which suits them best. The application cycle The application cycle really gets underway in the Lent Term of the Lower Sixth, when students are encouraged to start considering their options and researching the possibilities. There is then an intense period of activity in June, when a great deal of advice is given to the year group, and at this stage they must start to focus their thinking in terms of their chosen course and likely destination. The Michaelmas Term of the Upper Sixth is the time during which the application is made, and this can be a laborious and timeconsuming business. Applicants need to reply to their offers by April of the Upper Sixth, and advice is available again at this stage. 11 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Advice and information Access to the necessary information is provided in a number of ways. Lectures and workshops are very important, especially in June of the Lower Sixth, and a wide range of books, publications, prospectuses and software is available in the Sixth Form Centre, the Houses and the Percival Library. The Internet is also a vital resource, and the school system carries links to a wide selection of helpful sites. The most useful is probably www.ucas.com. The College also now subscribes to the excellent Unifrog website www.unifrog.org. The Head of Sixth Form oversees the whole system, whilst the Housemasters/mistresses oversee the individual applications, with considerable assistance from tutors. Students are also encouraged to visit university open days, particularly after their AS exams; work experience is also desirable at this stage. In addition, Clifton often hosts an excellent Careers Fair at the end of the Summer Term, which helps to put Cliftonians’ university aspirations in a wider context. There are also Careers Seminars and similar events throughout the year. Interview practice and other support provided Those interested will be given the chance to be interviewed by visiting representatives of the Armed Forces, and Lower Sixth Formers are able to take the Morrisby Test, a psychometric profile which identifies and highlights students’ strengths and skills, and is designed to aid them when considering higher education and career options. Upper Sixth Formers attend a talk on interview technique and have the opportunity to sign up for practice interviews, which are essential for applicants to certain courses and universities. Preparation is also offered to students who have to sit the ever-increasing number of university entrance tests. Specialist workshops and conferences in such fields as Medicine, Law and Veterinary Science are well publicised, and attendance is encouraged for those with an interest in pursuing such courses. Employment and gap year options The Head of Sixth Form is available to see students and their parents about these important choices, and will also advise and assist those Cliftonians who plan to move directly into the world of work, in conjunction with the Head of Careers. Finally, various members of staff are able to give expert guidance on the complex world of gap year opportunities, which are popular with a significant number of students, and the relevant resources are easily accessible in the Percival Library or online. Oxbridge The Universities of Oxford and Cambridge are two of the world’s pre-eminent universities. Competition for places at these universities is intense and Cliftonians have an excellent record of receiving offers of places at Oxbridge, with 18 in 2015 and 9 in 2016. There is no pressure from the School on Sixth Formers to apply to Oxbridge, but where it is realistic to do so, they are encouraged to consider Oxford or Cambridge as one of their choices. Candidates will be given appropriate support and encouragement, though the principal reason for applying should always be that the course on offer is suited to the student’s individual needs and ambitions. Oxbridge admissions tutors are looking for “scholars” with academic talent, an excellent work ethic and real intellectual curiosity. – a useful guide is that successful applicants have at least 7 A*s at GCSE. High AS scores are equally significant, though A Level reforms mean that this indicator will become less significant in the short term. Cambridge are keen for applicants to have sat the reformed AS examinations but, like Oxford, they are likely to make extensive use of some very demanding admissions tests. A good applicant would be expected to exhibit a genuine passion for their subject, evidenced by examples of extra reading and independent work. The Head of Sixth Form coordinates the applications of all Oxbridge candidates. The consideration of an Oxbridge application begins seriously in February of the Lower Sixth year, but suitable candidates will have had to perform extremely well at GCSE 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 12 Pippard T he Pippard Society is a programme of study for the highest achievers in the Lower Sixth who are anticipating applying to Oxford or Cambridge for any course, or to another elite university for Medicine or any other very competitive course. The course runs in most cases from November to March: students are invited to attend in the light of excellent GCSE results and/or outstanding performance in the first half of the Michaelmas Term. Housemasters/mistresses, Heads of Department and tutors are canvassed for suitable candidates; and students with real intellectual interests are invited to put their own names forward. The programme consists of a core strand of Critical Thinking followed by optional modules. The Critical Thinking element is an abbreviated version of the old AS Level course for about half a term, but without the expectation of taking an examined module. The course tests the ability to think logically and critically and to be able to construct cohesive arguments. It practises the skills of thinking rationally and objectively about arguments and evidence. These skills are essential for the growing number of university admission tests, the most prominent of which are probably BMAT, UKCAT, LNAT and the TSA. Staff with high-level academic credentials are allocated to teach the Pippard groups, and students pursue further study in one of these areas: • Preparation for Medicine/Veterinary Science/Dentistry • Natural Sciences • Social Sciences and Humanities • Literature and Languages Libraries periodicals in English and Modern Languages, daily papers, DVDs, and a graphic novel collection. Lauren Walker Percival Librarian The Percival Library The Percival Library is a beautiful Grade II listed building. It was originally built between 1870 and 1874 as a library and natural history museum at the expense of John Percival, Clifton’s first Head Master. The main library houses more than 15,000 books, including many books authored by Old Cliftonians. Recently the entire collection has been extensively reworked to ensure that the stock is both broad and relevant in its scope. The core collection is complemented by a variety of 13 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK In 2002, the library underwent a major refurbishment, resulting in a sympathetic reorganisation of the space and expansion to include a new computer suite. This large complex now comprises three main rooms: the Council Room, the main library and the computer suite with a mezzanine level for the exclusive use of Sixth Form students. The entire main library is equipped with Wi-Fi and includes 68 desk spaces. The library is staffed by three, fulltime professional librarians. In addition to providing library services, they also act as teaching and learning support for staff and students throughout the library’s opening hours and offer research skills and information literacy training. The library staff aim to inspire a love of learning and joy in reading and, to this end, the library organises group activities and hosts a variety of events and author visits throughout the year. The School has recently launched a new digital library service which means that students can borrow, read or listen to books wherever they are in the world. The digital library can be found at clifton.lib.overdrive. com. Users simply enter their school computer login and password to download library e-books and audiobooks to their chosen device. This service works on all e-readers except Kindle (Nook, Kobo, Sony e-Reader, etc), desktop computers (Mac and PC), tablets (iPad, Android, etc) and smartphones. Physical and digital library stock can be searched via our Reading Cloud. Students are able to access this from anywhere on the College network as well as from home via the College website. Students also have access to the JSTOR online database where they can access thousands of academic journals. Departmental Collections The largest of the departmental collections, the Stone Library, serves the Science School. This remarkable school science library houses modern science texts and journals as well as an excellent collection of rare books and manuscripts. Other departments have their own collections of books and additional resources. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 14 Science 15 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Biology Physics Chemistry Psychology Biology B iology is an intrinsically interesting and universally accessible subject. It is the scientific study of life: as such, it encompasses the investigation of living organisms and life processes, from the molecular, through cells and individual organisms, to populations and whole communities of animals and plants. Since we are living things, by studying biological systems we better understand both ourselves and the world we live in. Therefore we can make more informed decisions on our own health and our environment. Our A Level courses help students develop essential knowledge and understanding of biological concepts and scientific methods. Importantly, studying Biology leads to a wealth of careers and is at the forefront of many modern developments. Manipulation of genetic systems in both animals and plants, to increase food supplies or produce medicines, for example, has enormous potential to revolutionise our lives. Biologists will be required to further develop this technology and devise safe applications. Our courses are also particularly well suited to those interested in vocational degrees such as Medicine and Physiotherapy. Course content and assessment The department follows the Edexcel Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) specification at both AS and A Level. This allows an integrated approach to the teaching of our subject, considering biological concepts alongside their relevant contexts. Each of the topics that make up the AS and A Level courses are introduced with a context related to the modern world and the application of Biology. Biological principles are introduced when required to aid understanding of the context, so that the theory always has an obvious relevance. Practical work is integrated within the delivery of each topic. The AS year starts by considering the risk of certain lifestyle choices and genes on health, then follows with the control of development, biodiversity and natural resources. Assessment at AS Level consists of two 90-minute papers covering the core biological topics and practicals, as well as mathematical skills. The A Level then goes on to further consider ecology, immunity and forensics. It then culminates with topics such as the nervous system, respiration and learning. A Level assessment comprises three 2 hour papers which cover all AS and A Level material, including experimental methods and mathematical skills. The third paper additionally involves questions on a pre-release scientific article. Students complete core practicals in class over the two year period, and this enables them to achieve the ‘practical endorsement’ which is awarded at the end of the A Level course. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Biology and B (or 6) grade in Mathematics; a good level of competence in Chemistry. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Facilities and staff The team of five staff are enthusiastic, knowledgeable and hope to inspire, engage and help students at all times. The Biology Department is equipped with five modern laboratories, an ICT suite and a lecture theatre. We have an impressive collection of zoological specimens and live animals, and a newly developed pond and wildlife garden outside. The Stone Library, a dedicated science library, has a superb collection of books, periodicals and online journals. Clinics are held in the library each Tuesday afternoon by a member of the Biology Department from 4.30pm6.00pm for anyone wishing to have some extra help. Dr Remy Poland Head of Biology What subjects does Biology combine with? Popular combinations with other subjects include Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Geography but students also choose to study Biology alongside a range of Arts subjects. Additional features The Biology Department aims to inspire students above and beyond the curriculum. We organise several exciting events for the Sixth Form throughout the year, including a field trip to Wales to study succession, a CSI evening and a trip to the Bristol University labs to participate in a real biological investigation. Students also have the opportunity to compete in the Biology Olympiad in January and engage in some public outreach at the Bristol Festival of Nature in June. Finally, in collaboration with the Geography Department, we offer a summer expedition with Operation Wallacea every two years. Recent destinations have included Mexico and Madagascar. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 16 Chemistry C hemistry is unusual for its combination of practical skills with both logical and conceptual thinking. The A Level course is spiral in structure with each level of learning building on the last, with many topics from the GCSE revisited and explored in more detail. Students will begin to picture the atom as more than just a disc on a piece of paper, and understand how the interactions of protons and electrons can explain everything from the colour of a crystal to the structure of a pharmaceutical drug. Although challenging, Chemistry A Level provides the tools to understand the world around us whilst also teaching a range of skills applicable to almost any university course. Chemistry is compulsory for all those wishing to study Medicine, Dentistry or Veterinary Sciences at university. Course content and assessment We study the new OCR A course which began in September 2015. Students wanting to study the subject at AS or A Level should have achieved at least an A grade in both Chemistry (or Double Award Science) and Mathematics at GCSE. Clinics are held in the library each Tuesday afternoon by a member of the Chemistry Department for anyone wishing to have some extra help or tuition. Students also take part, and have had considerable success, in both the RSC Chemistry Olympiad and Cambridge Chemistry Challenge competitions. 17 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Course Offered A and AS Level OCR A Chemistry Facilities Additional features (1917-1977), Old Cliftonian, shared the 1962 Nobel Prize for chemistry with Max Perutz for determining the first atomic structures of proteins using X-ray crystallography. Their work was done at what is now the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. Kendrew determined the structure of the protein myoglobin, which stores oxygen in muscle cells. A grade in GCSE Chemistry and A (or 7) grade in Mathematics The course is split into six modules with the AS exam covering the first four modules and the A Level exam covering all six. Although there is no longer any examined coursework, students are expected to be able to answer exam questions on practical work and are awarded a practical endorsement as part of the A Level course. The Chemistry Department has recently been refurbished and is equipped with five modern laboratories with superb technical support. The students also have access to the Stone Library, the Science ICT facilities and the Kendrew lecture theatre. John Cowdery Kendrew Entry Requirements Dr Jamie Older Head of Chemistry What subjects does Chemistry combine with? Chemistry is most often chosen alongside other science subjects. It is also advantageous to study Mathematics to at least AS Level to assist with the high mathematical content of the specification. Physics P hysics is about the world around you, the way it works and why it behaves the way it does. It delves into the concepts that explain the universe, from the very small subatomic right through to cosmology. Studying Physics at AS and A Level will start you on the journey of discovery into understanding how it all fits together. Although not an easy subject, Physics lays the foundation for many careers. Studying Science subjects, Computer Science, Business, Architecture and many others at university all benefit from the logical and mathematical thinking skills that are developed at A Level. The practical skills learnt are also valuable at degree level and Physics is compulsory for all those wishing to study Engineering at university. Course content and assessment Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Physics and B (or 6) grade in GCSE Mathematics At Clifton College we follow the recently revised OCR B (Advancing Physics) course. This covers the different topics rigorously, ensuring they are placed clearly into the real world context. For example, at AS, optics is placed within the context of digital imaging, electricity is studied by considering sensors used to make measurements, and mechanics is approached using real world examples. Similarly, at A Level, the more difficult topics of fields and modelling are studied with application in mind. Course Offered A and AS Level OCR B (Advancing Physics) The AS part of the course covers nine chapters, with two exams. Those who continue to A Level will study nine more topics, and be examined on the work from the whole two years. We place a great importance on practical work, and students will carry out experiments at every opportunity. There is now no coursework at A Level, but instead a practical endorsement is awarded at the end. The practical work carried out during the two years counts towards this. David Richardson MBE Head of Physics What subjects does Physics combine with? Physics is most often chosen alongside other science subjects. It is recommended that students also study Mathematics to at least AS Level. Facilities and staff Sir Nevill Francis Mott (1905 –1996), Old Cliftonian, was an English physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1977 for his work on the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems, especially amorphous semiconductors. The award was shared with Philip W. Anderson and J. H. Van Vleck. The three had conducted loosely related research. Mott and Anderson clarified the reasons why magnetic or amorphous materials can sometimes be metallic and sometimes insulating. In 1973 he was awarded the A. A. Griffith Medal and Prize. The five teachers are all passionate about the subject and are committed to communicating it enthusiastically. The Physics Department has recently been refurbished and is equipped with five modern teaching rooms, a project lab and an ICT suite. Students also have access to the department’s own library, the Stone Library. Additional features Clinics are held in the library from 4.30pm to 6.00pm each Tuesday afternoon by a member of the Physics Department for anyone wishing to have some extra help or tuition. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 18 Psychology P sychology is the study of human behaviour and experience. It seeks to explain why we behave the way we do and how our minds work. It is directly relevant to you, your friends and society in general. Where does our behaviour come from? Are we born with our personalities, or do we learn to be the people we are? Questions such as these lie at the heart of Psychology. If you are at all interested in how we learn, how our memory works, why some of us have phobias and how other people influence us, then Psychology is the subject for you! the content from both years. These topics are all covered in two of the three exam papers that students take at A Level. The third paper is on Psychological Skills which is more of a synoptic paper assessing the debates, studies and research methods taught over the two years. Though coursework is not directly examined, a new feature of this exam is that at the end of each topic students will create, carry out and write up their own practical investigation. Questions within the exam could then focus on the practical research students have carried out. Studying Psychology will help you to develop skills that will be beneficial to your other subjects. You will be taught effective essay writing skills and alongside this you will be encouraged to become a critical thinker who can analyse the strengths and weaknesses of different theories and pieces of research. You will learn about research methods and you will design and carry out practical investigations. Psychology lessons need your input; you will be encouraged to develop your communication skills so that you can contribute to debate and discussion and present your ideas in an effective way. Facilities and staff Course content and assessment Since September 2015 we have been following the new GCE specification, and our examination board is Edexcel. Students can take AS examinations at the end of the Lower Sixth but if they go on to do the full A Level course they are assessed on the full content of the course at the end of the two years. In the first year students will study four modules which give students the underpinning of the main areas of Psychology: Biological, Cognitive, Learning and Social. In the second year students will learn about the topical areas of Clinical Psychology and Child Psychology as well as completing a synoptic review of 19 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK The Psychology Department is located in the newly refurbished Sixth Form Centre which has both excellent facilities and spectacular views across the Close. The department has two classrooms, each of which is equipped with interactive whiteboards. There is a wide range of resources, including psychology books, magazines and DVDs. The Psychology Department has two members of staff, with each class being taught by both teachers to ensure a diversity of skills and teaching styles. In the Lower Sixth, the research methods section is taught by members of the Science Department due to the large crossover of material and scientific nature of this area. Additional features The Psychology Society meets roughly every third week and is largely student run; students are invited to present on a psychological topic of their choice and these are encouraged to be outside the syllabus so that students can gain an insight into how psychology functions in the wider world. The Psychology Department also offers regular revision clinics in the Lent and Summer Terms. These clinics help by offering extra support to those who Entry Requirements B (or 5) grade in GCSE Biology, Mathematics and English. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Psychology Susannah Griffin Head of Psychology require it but also develop the general written and analytical skills that students of all abilities possess. What subjects does Psychology combine with? Psychology is taught as a science and therefore combines well with other science subjects. However due to its written and analytical components it also combines well with both creative subjects and the humanities. It is for this reason that Psychology is well regarded by universities. 92% Facilities of girls’ grades in A Level STEM subjects were A*-B in 2016 and 64% were A*-A. The Science School The Science School has been completely refurbished to provide modern state-of-the-art laboratories on all three floors, whilst retaining the historic charm and tradition of what was one of the first purpose-built science buildings at a major public school. The Stone Library is situated on the ground floor and contains more than 5,000 scientific books. Volumes date from the sixteenth century to the present day, including subscriptions to all of the main scientific periodicals and a first edition of Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton (1687). The collection also features books recommended on reading lists for university applications. The Kendrew Room is a well-equipped small lecture theatre located on the top floor of the Science School. It is regularly used by classes in all three sciences and for meetings of the Scientific Society. The Sixth Form Centre There is a dedicated computer room in the Sixth Form Centre which is used by Psychology students to carry out interactive tasks, develop their research skills and access online revision sites. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 20 Mathematics 21 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Mathematics Further Mathematics Mathematics “ If I were again beginning my studies, I would follow the advice of Plato and start with Mathematics.” Galileo. Galileo realised that the study of Mathematics was vital for the fields that he was interested in, and students nowadays wishing to go into further education to read Mathematics, Engineering, Physics, Computer Science and Actuarial Science must study Mathematics as an A Level course. Degree courses in Economics, Chemistry and related courses also usually contain a significant mathematical component. Those going on to study Medicine, Biological Sciences and the Social Sciences and even Philosophy may find that Mathematics is recommended, but even if not, they may have to undertake further mathematical training at some stage, and this can be a challenge for a student who has not studied the subject for two or three years. If considering a degree in Mathematics itself, its excellence as an academic discipline should not be ignored; graduates in the subject are in high demand. The shortage of Mathematics graduates is now so marked that students who enjoy the subject and who have a reasonable degree of competence will find it considerably easier to get a university place in Mathematics than in some other subjects. This is not a route for everyone of course, and studying the subject at A Level will help develop analytical, research and problem solving skills. Not only can it provide the knowledge to tackle scientific, mechanical, coding and abstract problems, it will develop skills to help with planning projects, managing budgets and even debating effectively. Course content and assessment Entry Requirements High A grade (or high 7) in GCSE Mathematics. Students joining the Sixth Form in September 2017 will be the first cohort to follow the new linear A Level Mathematics Edexcel specification. The content will be 100% prescribed and will feature a large element of Pure Mathematics as well as covering areas of Statistics and Mechanics. The assessment will feature three papers at the end of Upper Sixth, all allowing use of a calculator, with the first two focusing on the Pure content and the third on the Applied content (Statistics and Mechanics). Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Mathematics Additional features There is also an emphasis on Mathematics beyond the constraints of the A Level specifications. All students in the Sixth Form are offered the opportunity to enter the UK Mathematics Trust Senior Mathematics Challenge; a multiplechoice problem-solving competition. Most find this to be an enjoyable experience and some score well, receiving Bronze, Silver or Gold certificates for their efforts. At the very top end, a handful of students will qualify or volunteer for the first round of the British Mathematical Olympiad. Christa Hann Head of Mathematics Students who wish to apply for degrees in Mathematics or related subjects are prepared for interview and university entrance tests and are also encouraged to deliver presentations to the younger students in the school Mathematics Club. All students are also welcome to represent the School in competitions organised with local schools. Mathematics is the most popular subject choice at Clifton, with well over half the Sixth Form opting to continue its study. These large numbers enable us to create six ‘single’ Mathematics classes, and we find that effective streaming using these classes enables us to alter approaches and provision accordingly. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 22 Facilities and staff There are currently 16 members of staff who teach in the Mathematics Department (14 full-time and two part-time). There is a wealth of experience within the department and we pride ourselves on the level of support offered to the students, as well as outstanding subject knowledge, and a desire to remain innovative and conscious of developments in mathematics and education. The recently refurbished Mathematics Department would be the envy of a school of any type or standing – see the Facilities section for further details. What subjects does Mathematics combine with? Mathematics combines well with all the sciences and social sciences. Equally, studying Mathematics alongside essay subjects such as English or History can help keep options open for a wider range of possible degrees and careers. Further Mathematics S tudents taking Further Mathematics overwhelmingly find it to be an enjoyable, rewarding, stimulating and empowering experience. It is a challenging qualification, which both extends and deepens your knowledge and understanding beyond ‘single’ A Level Mathematics. Students who study it often say it is their favourite subject. For someone who enjoys mathematics, it provides a challenge and a chance to explore new and/ or more sophisticated mathematical concepts. As well as learning new areas of Pure Mathematics, students will study further applications of mathematics. Students who take Further Mathematics find that the additional time spent studying Mathematics boosts their marks in ‘single’ A Level Mathematics. Studying Further Mathematics consolidates and reinforces A Level Mathematics work, encouraging the best possible grades. Its study makes the transition from Sixth Form to university courses which are mathematically rich that much easier as more of the first year course content will be familiar. If you are planning to take a degree such as 23 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Engineering, Sciences, Computing, Finance/Economics, etc, or perhaps Mathematics itself, you are advised to study Further Mathematics, as it introduces new topics such as matrices and complex numbers that are vital in many STEM degrees. Students who have studied Further Mathematics find the transition to such degrees far more straightforward. Course content and assessment Students will follow the new linear Edexcel Further Mathematics specification. They must study ‘single’ Mathematics, which is co-taught alongside the Further Mathematics course. The content will be 50% prescribed and 50% optional. The prescribed section of the new specification will focus on further study of Pure Mathematics and the optional content will feature two choices from the following areas: Pure Mathematics, Mechanics, Statistics or Discrete Mathematics. The assessment will feature four papers at the end of Upper Sixth with the first two focusing on the compulsory Pure Mathematics content, and the third and fourth testing the optional topics. Entry Requirements Subject to the assessment of the Head of Mathematics. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Further Mathematics Additional features It is highly unusual for schools to have more than one class of further mathematicians in each year group: at Clifton we have three. This gives us tremendous flexibility in tailoring our provision for students with varying abilities and requirements. It is also rare for departments to have a majority of Mathematics teachers who are able to teach the relevant modules: nearly all of our full-time teachers are. The popularity of the subject at Clifton is in part due to the consistent success that the students achieve in their results. Professor Fritz Ursell (1923-2012) Old Cliftonian, Professor Fritz Ursell (1923-2012), came to England as a refugee from Nazi Germany and became an expert on fluid mechanics and the behaviour of waves. His love of Mathematics started at Clifton before he won a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge. At the end of 1943 Ursell joined the Admiralty (British Navy Department) as a part of a team whose task was to formulate rules for forecasting waves for the allied landings in Japan. Their work has become the basis of modern wave-forecasting. Ursell stayed in the Admiralty until 1947, after which he was appointed to a post-doctoral fellowship in applied mathematics at Manchester University without a doctorate. In 1950 he returned to Cambridge as a lecturer. In 1957 he spent a year at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, having been invited by Arthur Ippen. In 1961 Ursell moved back to Manchester where he held the Beyer Chair of Applied Mathematics at the University of Manchester from 1961–1990 and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1972. Facilities Every teacher has their own classroom equipped with a Smartboard and projector, but also with whiteboards all round the walls that are regularly used for co-operative learning. We are also proud of the Bradley Room, which contains a well-stocked library, and a conference table for seminars and meetings. Many members of the department are keen on the use of ICT in the classroom and make good use of class sets of Android tablets, but are always conscious of the need for an appropriate balance between modern and traditional methods. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 24 English & MFL Modern Foreign Languages 25 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK English Language German Italian English Literature Spanish Russian French Mandarin English Language E nglish Language A Level is an engaging, challenging and stimulating course. It is very different from GCSE English. It is not an opportunity for development of one’s general ability to use the language: it is the study of how others use language, both written and spoken, and the chance to explore areas of personal interest through writing. The course would lend itself to the study of Linguistics at university, or it would complement Modern Languages or English Literature courses. Career paths would include journalism and the media, law, politics, publishing or other jobs in which the use of language is key. Course content and assessment AS Level offers an introduction to the building blocks of our language - lexis, grammar/syntax, phonology, discourse structure - and students are required to analyse language precisely and systematically. They are also given opportunities to explore areas of sociolinguistics, such as the influence of gender, power and technology The Old Cliftonians Book Collection English lessons at Clifton have inspired over 700 Cliftonians to write, from Professor Simon Blackburn on Philosophy to Joyce Cary’s “Charley is my Darling”, and Henry Newbolt’s World War I poetry to AE Houseman’s “A Shropshire Lad”. The Percival Library contains an impressive collection of books written by past and present staff and pupils, from Cambridge Level Maths problems to the humour of Stephen Pile in his “Book of Heroic Failures”. It demonstrates the breadth and depth of academic endeavour as well as the courage and ability to write. This collection is primarily to inspire all our pupils and staff as well as celebrate their many talents. on the language that we use. The definition of a text is very broad in Language and you are as likely to analyse the language used in a spoken transcript of a conversation between friends, as you are to look at more conventional written texts. Entry Requirements B (or 5) grade or above in GCSE English Language. Course Offered At A Level students undertake an extended independent language investigation. They also study the history of the English language and some of the key influences on our language, as well as attitudes to language change. The second component in the A Level course focuses on children’s language development – how and in what ways children develop the skills of speech, reading and writing. A and AS Level AQA English Language There are also plenty of opportunities for creative writing on the course. There are two exam papers at AS Level: 1. Language and the Individuals and 2. Language varieties, both worth 50% of the AS. At A Level, there are also two papers: 1. Language, the Individual and Society and 2. Language Diversity and Change. They are worth 80% of the A Level. There is also a coursework component, which focuses on an independent investigation and a piece of original writing. Sophie Cuesta Head of English Language What subjects does English Language combine with? The study of English Language combines well with most other arts subjects, such as Literature, History and MFL. It also works well with subjects such as Psychology and Business Studies. Additional features There are plenty of opportunities for independent research as part of the A Level. Students have enjoyed investigating topics such as the effect of gender on teachers’ language, celebrities and changes in accent and dialect in their rise to fame, generational differences in use of text language, and linguistic techniques used by barristers in crossexaminations. Facilities and staff The English Language Department is housed in the brand new building at 4/5 Worcester Road, where we teach alongside English Literature and the Modern Foreign Languages Department – see Facilities section for further details. We observe language in different settings as part of the A Level course, including visiting a local primary school to hear children read. We also run a trip to the English and Media Centre event at UCL, where we hear lectures from eminent linguists such as David Crystal and Deborah Cameron. The English Language Department is led by Sophie Cuesta and comprises three experienced members of staff. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 26 English Literature A nyone who has enjoyed English Literature at GCSE will benefit from the A Level course. There is much continuation of material and literary concepts from AS to A Level, and teaching in the first year is intended to develop knowledge and skills to be carried over into the Upper Sixth. Studying English Literature will give you the opportunity to explore texts in depth and to discuss and debate in class; the lessons are lively and stimulating, and your opinions and perspectives are welcomed. English Literature is extremely well regarded by universities, and numerous Cliftonians who have read English at university have embarked upon successful careers in a range of areas: law, business and commerce, the civil service, architecture, film, theatre, radio, television, journalism, medicine, engineering, and education at all levels. Course content and assessment The department follows the new Edexcel English Literature specification (2015). The aims and objectives of the Edexcel Advanced GCE in English Literature include enabling students to read widely, engage critically and creatively with a substantial body of texts, develop their knowledge of literary analysis, explore the context of different text and others’ interpretations of them, and explore the changing traditions of English literature. The two-year course consists of three externally examined papers (80%) and one coursework component (20%). The qualification requires the study of eight literary texts plus unseen poetry. The course is co-teachable, with the opportunity of an AS qualification, and the same texts being examined at both AS and A Level. Students will study a Shakespeare play alongside another dramatic work (either tragedy or comedy). Options include Othello, Hamlet, King Lear, The Taming of the Shrew, and Twelfth Night. 27 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK They will also study two prose texts with a shared theme, at least one to be pre 1900; and a selection of contemporary poetry, including post 2000 poetry and the works of a named poet or literary period. Options this year include Science in Society (Frankenstein and The Handmaid’s Tale) and Women in Society (Tess of the d’Urbervilles and A Thousand Splendid Suns). The coursework element involves the free choice of two texts linked by theme, movement, author or period, and will be between 2,500-3,000 words. Possibilities so far have included: The Great Gatsby, A Streetcar Named Desire, The Road, The Wasp Factory, Brave New World, The History Boys, Atonement, Hamlet, The Bell Jar, Beloved, Jane Eyre, Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit, Dracula, Arcadia, Brideshead Revisited, The Tempest, 1984, Death of a Salesman, Grapes of Wrath. Entry Requirements B (or 5) grade in either GCSE English Language or English Literature. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel English Literature Facilities and staff The English Literature Department is housed in the brand new building at 4/5 Worcester Road, where we teach alongside English Language and the Modern Foreign Languages Department – see English and Modern Foreign Languages Facilities section for further details. The English Department is led by Sarah Clarke and comprises nine experienced members of staff, all with their own specialisms within the subject including Shakespeare, Medieval Literature, Modernism, Romanticism and 20th Century Drama. Additional features We work very closely with the library, taking full advantage of its range of excellent resources and the opportunity to welcome visiting speakers and authors. Regular trips to the theatre enhance our students’ understanding of, and engagement with, Drama texts. Students and teachers are encouraged to follow their own particular tastes and interests as far as possible. The courses are frameworks, not Sarah Clarke Head of English corsets, and imaginative and individual approaches are encouraged. The department’s stress is unequivocally laid on the vital importance of reading and its subsequent rewards, which invariably include good writing. What subjects does English Literature combine with? The study of English Literature combines very well with the sciences, social sciences and other arts subjects. Some of our most successful students have combined English with Mathematics and Physics, or Biology and Chemistry, and have found the variety of work refreshing and the course stimulating and rewarding. A live acquaintance with a foreign language, ancient or modern, is advantageous to those wishing to go on to study English at university. French T he ability to communicate freely in French opens up an exciting world of art, film and literature as well as the opportunity to travel, socialise and work in an international environment. Students who choose to study French in the Sixth Form at Clifton will enjoy interesting, relevant and varied lessons, which will equip them with the skills to speak and write in French at a high level. Students who have secured at least an A at GCSE will enjoy studying French at A Level. Some of the topics covered will be familiar to them but they will be encouraged to develop their ideas and express personal opinions in relation to their own experiences and also to the French speaking world. French is well regarded by universities and in the past those who have gone on to take French degrees have later found jobs in law, journalism, diplomacy, finance, fashion, media, marketing, business and international relations. Many good universities offer combined degrees with a language. Course content and assessment The French Department follows the new Edexcel A Level course, which covers a range of topics like changes in French society and the Occupation and also offers interesting cultural components in literature and film. Students complete listening, reading and writing exams and also do an oral. They will learn to write analytical essays in French on the chosen literature and film and will complete translation tasks. At the end of the course the students should feel able to communicate relatively fluently in French orally and on paper, understand and analyse authentic texts, and have an understanding of modern day France and how it has been formed by its past. Additional features Entry Requirements We aim to use French as much as possible in the classroom and students are encouraged to take part in the many co-curricular events put on throughout the year. These include a French Cheese Evening, film nights, the French Bake Off, the Modern Languages Fest, wine tasting, French debates against local schools, a fondue night, a poetry evening, guest speakers and cinema trips. We also offer trips to France and encourage the students to organise work experience visits in a French speaking country to help immerse themselves in the country and culture. A grade in GCSE French. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel French Facilities and staff The department, led by Caroline Bloor, comprises six other fulltime members of staff and a native French assistant. Sixth Formers have seven to eight lessons a week plus an individual 20-minute session with the French language assistant. The Modern Languages Department is housed in a new building at the south end of the School overlooking The Close - see English and Modern Foreign Languages Facilities section for further details. Caroline Bloor Head of French What subjects does French combine with? French combines well with most other subjects as a complement to essay subjects but also as a contrast to science subjects. Students learn to analyse information, gain cultural sensitivity, write analytical and descriptive essays, debate their opinions and develop an interest in cultural aspects of the French speaking world. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 28 German T he world’s largest exporter; the third largest global economy; Beethoven, Goethe, Kafka, Nietzsche; and Einstein; scientific publications – the common thread is German. German is spoken by more than 120 million people in 38 countries of the world. It is the language with the most native speakers in the European Union and is spoken by about 100 million people in Europe. German is also the second language of many Eastern European countries. German is a widely sought after language on the global employment market. Graduates able to offer an advanced knowledge of German are very employable. A CBI poll states that German is the top language rated by employers as useful to the organisation. Course content and assessment The German Department will follow the new AS and A Level qualification from September 2016. The first A Level will be sat in summer 2018. The new AS and A Level will allow students to learn about social issues and trends and address various aspects of German speaking society, politics, history and artistic culture. Students will be taught how to write essays and prepare for oral discussions on these areas. The teaching of grammar and how the language works will continue to play a key role and students will learn how to tackle translation tasks. Assessment will be in the form of an oral exam, a listening, reading and writing paper and a separate essay writing paper on literature and film. In addition there is an independent research project at A Level which allows students to explore a topic of personal interest in considerable depth. 29 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Facilities and staff The department currently comprises three teachers of German, and a language assistant who is a native speaker. We are all experienced Germanists and passionate about our subject. We put great emphasis on oral communication and are very keen that students visit a German speaking country at least once during their studies, as this provides a great linguistic boost as well as a visit that has historical and cultural interest. The German Department is housed in the brand new 4/5 Worcester Road faculty building - see English and Modern Foreign Languages Facilities section for further details. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE German. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel German Additional features There are bi-annual language and culture tours of Germany with rich and varied itineraries. On recent trips we have taken students to exhibitions on the Cold War and the Third Reich, to a chocolate factory in the former GDR, and to idyllic mediaeval castles on the Rhine. This year we launch an exchange with a school in Halle. To supplement work in the classroom, we have offered debates in German, poetry evenings, film nights and even Sixth Form speed-dating! New in September 2016 is the Modern Languages Society, a student-led group which will meet regularly to promote language events and to explore languagerelated themes. There is a very full programme including debates, film nights and poetry and music. Talks led by academic guest speakers from universities and from within the College are on the programme. Forthcoming guest speakers will be talking on Pidgin French, Creole, the film director Claire Denis, German Poetry under the Swastika, and the French writer Victor Hugo. Owen Lewis Head of German and Modern Foreign Languages What subjects does German combine with? German A Level can complement virtually any subject combination. German graduates can go on to follow careers in law, business, automotive engineering, civil service, European politics, finance, journalism, ICT, media and education. Many UK universities also offer combined degrees with a language, as well as straight language degrees. Spanish W ith 329 million native speakers, Spanish ranks second in the world in terms of how many people speak it as their first language; it is also the first language in at least 44 countries. It is an increasingly important and desirable language to have in the world of business and enterprise, and graduates with a high level of Spanish are sought after and highly employable across the job market. Spanish A Level complements most other subjects; and graduates in Spanish can enjoy a wide and flexible range of career prospects - whether in law, business, education, media, finance, journalism, politics and diplomacy or ICT. As well as straight language degrees, many top UK universities also offer combined degrees with a language. Course content and assessment The new AS and A Level qualifications will first be taught from September 2016, with students first sitting the new A Level in June 2018. The new AS and A Level exam will encourage students to learn about social trends and issues in Spanishspeaking countries and Spanish film and literature. Students will be taught how to write essays and to prepare for oral discussions on these areas. The teaching of grammar and how the language works will also continue to play a major part, with students learning how to do translation tasks both into and from the language. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Spanish. Course Offered At A Level, social issues such as immigration, crime and multiculturalism will be explored, as well as political and artistic culture. Literary texts and films will be studied and students will learn the skill of writing cultural essays as well as preparing for oral discussions and debates, both in class and in the exam. Understanding grammar and an ability to translate accurately will be an important part of the new exam. A and AS Level Edexcel Spanish Additional features We put an emphasis on the use of Spanish in the classroom where possible and appropriate, and students are all encouraged to play a full part in our lively programme of co-curricular events: for example, we host inter-schools language debates, film evenings, a poetry evening and a Modern Languages Fest. Michelle Harris Head of Spanish Facilities and staff There are five full-time and experienced teachers of Spanish in the department, and we have a Chilean language assistant with whom our students have a weekly 20-minute one-to-one conversation class. Whilst we no longer run exchanges, we encourage all students to take the opportunity to spend time in a Spanish-speaking country during their two years in the Sixth Form, either following a language course or in a homestay scenario. The department is located in the new 4/5 Worcester Road faculty building – see English and Modern Foreign Languages Facilities section for further details. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 30 Italian, Russian and Mandarin (Sector E) These three languages are available as optional courses in Sector E of the timetable. Classes in these languages have at their disposal all the resources of the Modern Foreign Languages Department in its new home at 4/5 Worcester Road. Classes are small but lively. Italian for beginners Russian Mandarin Italian is an accessible and rewarding language to learn, particularly if you have studied French, Spanish or Latin. Most students have gained an A* at GCSE after just seven months, and some have gone on to do an AS in the Upper Sixth. Several Cliftonians have gone on to study Italian at university, spending a year abroad in Tuscany for example, and enjoying the Italian way of life. Russian is an important world language which represents an exciting challenge to a good linguist and opens up the possibility of discovering a fascinating society and its culture. It is now appreciated how necessary it is for the West to understand Russia. The department offers tailor-made courses in Mandarin Chinese which are available to individuals with different levels of ability in the language. If staffing allows, we offer Italian to students who have a proven track record in learning languages. We take the AQA Italian GCSE exam. Good linguists find the comprehension exams relatively straightforward, while preparing controlled assessments in speaking and writing is an opportunity to build a wide range of vocabulary and structures. Students can sustain surprisingly natural conversations by the end of the course, and understand Italian pop songs and opera. If staffing allows, we offer Russian to beginners who have a proven track record in learning languages. We take the Edexcel GCSE. Good linguists find their comprehension improves quickly with practice, while preparing controlled assessments in speaking and writing is an opportunity to build a wide range of vocabulary and structures. Students can sustain surprisingly natural conversations by the end of the course, and understand texts about Russian history and culture. Both Mandarin and Cantonese speakers are able to study Mandarin Chinese at AS and A Level. They follow a one-year or two-year course of study and are taught by a native speaker. All four skills of speaking, listening, reading and writing are examined at AS Level. Only reading and writing skills are examined at A Level and students must submit a pre-prepared essay on a topic of their choice. Students are taught in small groups or individually according to their needs. The AS and A Level exams are set to change for September 2017 and further information about these courses is due to be released by the exam board in September 2016. The majority of students who have learnt Mandarin Chinese as beginners in the language would not be eligible to take the AS or A Level exams. However, lessons are available to those students who have performed well at GCSE and who wish to maintain and improve their level of Mandarin without the pressure of an examined course. There is also a beginner’s course for students with no previous knowledge of Chinese who would like an opportunity to try a different and exciting language. It is a non-examined one-year course that will enable students to ‘survive’ in the language by learning Chinese for everyday situations. Students will also acquire a basic written vocabulary. This course may appeal to students wishing to travel independently in China as part of a gap year, and also to those pursuing a course in Oriental Studies at university. . 31 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Facilities English lessons are taught in bright, spacious, well-equipped rooms, all boasting state-of-the-art interactive boards, and stunning views of the Close and the College. We benefit from a separate meeting room for lectures, seminars, and visiting speakers, as well as extensive ICT facilities on site. There is excellent new technology provision in each Modern Foreign Languages classroom and a new language laboratory where students can complete independent research and practise speaking and listening tasks. The department also has a set of iPods so that students can do listening exercises independently in lessons. There is an MFL Café on the ground floor where students can go at break times and it also serves as a good location for our film nights and cocurricular events. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 32 Classics Latin 33 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Ancient Greek Classical Civilisation Latin L atin is one of the most stimulating, valuable and highly regarded subjects that Clifton has to offer, appealing to those pursuing a wide range of disciplines, including humanities, sciences and modern languages. Latin provides access to the astonishing world of Roman thought and literature: the poetry of Virgil and Ovid, the speeches of Cicero, or the histories of Caesar and Tacitus. As an unchanging and thoroughly logical language – and as the language behind most modern European languages – it offers an unparalleled insight into the mechanics and structure of language in general. Perhaps most importantly, Latin trains the mind, producing high-quality students who can think independently and express themselves persuasively. Latinists are highly employable, and work in many fields: law, accountancy, management consultancy and journalism, to name a few. Course content and assessment At Clifton we follow the recently revised OCR course, which contains an excellent blend of language work and literature. For both the AS Level and A Level, the language component is examined by unseen translation and a choice of either prose comprehension or prose composition. The literature component consists of at least one prose text (the authors available being Tacitus, Cicero and Seneca) and at least one verse text (Virgil, Ovid, Propertius and Tibullus). The AS and A Level are completely co-teachable: the material studied for the AS is also part of the syllabus for the full A Level. This means that students do not have to commit at the outset to doing just the AS or the full A Level. The decision to study for the full A Level can even be left until after the AS results are in. Ancient Greek Latin Entry Requirements I f the Romans exert a great influence on our modern life, then the Greeks exerted an even greater influence on the Romans. The study of both Greek and Latin is rewarding and interesting, but Greek is also often studied on its own; either way, students gain significant literary, linguistic and historical insight. Perhaps even more than Latin, the logic and subtlety of Greek captivate a wide variety of students, from out-and-out scientists to devotees of English or French literature. Ancient Greek is a subject redolent of academic rigour and refinement. How can one miss the chance to read Homer, Herodotus and Sophocles in the original language? A grade in GCSE Latin. Course Offered A and AS Level OCR Latin Ancient Greek Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Greek. Course Offered A and AS Level OCR Ancient Greek Course content and assessment As in Latin, we follow the recently revised OCR course, which contains an excellent blend of language work and literature. For both the AS Level and A Level, the language component is examined by unseen translation and a choice of either prose comprehension or prose composition. The literature component consists of at least one prose text (Thucydides, Plato or Xenophon) and at least one verse text (Homer, Sophocles or Aristophanes). Dr Thomas Patrick Head of Classics The AS and A Level are completely co-teachable: the material studied for the AS is also part of the syllabus for the full A Level. This means that students do not have to commit at the outset to doing just the AS or the full A Level. The decision to study for the full A Level can even be left until after the AS results are in. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 34 Latin and Ancient Greek continued Additional features Facilities and staff Outside the classroom, we run day-trips to Bath, Caerleon, Oxford and beyond, invite speakers to our Classics Society, and organise one big overseas trip each year to Greece, Sicily or mainland Italy. The department consists of four subject specialists, all of whom teach Latin, Greek and Classical Civilisation right the way through the school. We have a wide variety of interests, from Bronze Age archaeology to Greek tragedy and from neoteric Latin poetry to Roman-era epistolography. Classics has recently moved to new classrooms equipped with the latestgeneration C-Touch Smartboards and enough space for our library of more than 5,000 books. For those aspiring to Classics at Oxford or Cambridge, we put on additional reading and discussion classes in the two terms prior to the interviews. Oxbridge candidates are encouraged to conduct independent research into a field of interest, which opens up the subject to them and provides material for their personal statement, essays and interviews. We also encourage Oxbridge candidates to enter at least one external essay competition, and we have an excellent track record of prizes and commendations. 35 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Classical Civilisation C lassical Civilisation offers students the opportunity to immerse themselves in the ancient Greek and Roman civilisations which have so profoundly affected our own. It is a rigorous and well-regarded course, and indeed features in the top tier of humanities subjects in the list published by Trinity College, Cambridge. Through the study of literature, archaeology, art and architecture, religion and society, students are encouraged to analyse and compare the ancient and modern worlds, and to express themselves with clarity and feeling. Highlights of the course include the Parthenon marbles, the sanctuaries at Delphi and Olympia, and reading the Odyssey, Iliad and Aeneid. Clifton has a very strong tradition in Classical studies, and students have gone on to study a wide variety of university courses, some directly related (e.g. Classics, Ancient & Modern History, Archaeology & Anthropology), others indirectly related (e.g. Business, English Literature). The analytical skills that the study of Classical Civilisation fosters are of relevance to most careers. No knowledge of ancient languages is required, and while having a general background understanding or a Classical Civilisation GCSE will of course be helpful, it is by no means essential. Entry Requirements No formal grade requirement. A good level of spoken and written English is necessary for success in this course. Course content and assessment Course Offered A and AS Level OCR Classical Civilisation From September 2017, we will be following the new OCR specification, which is currently being revised prior to accreditation. Details have not yet been released, but it is anticipated that the new course will offer much the same content as the old course: tragic and comic drama; epic poetry of the Greeks and Romans; ancient philosophy; archaeology; art and architecture. On the basis of parallels with Latin and Greek, we also anticipate the new course being coteachable, that is, it will be possible to study for the AS qualification, and then use the same material for the full A Level; the decision about whether to take just the AS or to commit to the full A Level can therefore be deferred until after the AS results are in. Additional features At Clifton, classroom tuition is complemented by trips to sites and museums, such as Caerleon, the British Museum, or the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, and by lectures from visiting speakers. Students also enjoy, and derive great benefit from, our annual overseas trip to Greece, mainland Italy, or elsewhere. In October 2017, we are due to be visiting Sicily, a place incredibly rich in Greek and Roman sites. Facilities and staff For further details, please see Latin and Ancient Greek section. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 36 Humanities Geography 37 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK History Religious Studies Geography “ So many of the world’s current issues - at a global scale and locally - boil down to Geography, and need the geographers of the future to help us understand them.” Michael Palin Geography is inherently multidisciplinary in a world that increasingly values people who have diverse and transferable skills. Geographers learn how to select and analyse data and use geographic information systems to map and examine the world. Geographers are engaged global citizens and eminently employable in a diverse and wide range of occupations from international relations to conservation and management. This is underlined by the Russell Group of universities, who recognise Geography as one of the key “facilitating” subjects for entry to degree level study. Course content and assessment From September 2016 we will be following the new reformed OCR A Level Geography course and students will study the physical systems and human interactions in the world in which we live. We examine some of the biggest challenges and threats facing humanity today, ranging from climate change to international conflicts and disease pandemics. The wide range of topics and debates offer a truly global overview with people and the environment being at the heart of the subject. The A Level course also enables students to carry out an independent investigation which encourages them to deepen their understanding and satisfy their intellectual curiosity. Additional features Entry Requirements Fieldwork is an integral part of the new A Level and there will be several field trips run by the department designed to enhance the students’ understanding and develop their investigative skills. The department also runs an optional international trip with the Biology Department, during the summer holidays, to exciting destinations such as Mexico and Madagascar. B grade in GCSE Geography, although those who have not taken Geography GCSE will be considered, and C (or 5) grade in GCSE Mathematics. A good level of spoken and written English is also necessary for success in this course. Course Offered The department maintains close links with the Bristol branch of the Geographical Association and encourages students to broaden their understanding through attendance at lectures put on at the University of Bristol and also through our own Geography Society. A and AS Level OCR Geography Facilities and staff The Geography Department is located in the heart of the school within the Wilson Tower with spectacular views across The Close. The department has four classrooms, each of which is newly refurbished and equipped with interactive whiteboards. In addition, we have a dedicated Geography ICT suite and a new Geography resources room, which houses a collection of books, journals and magazines for further research. The Geography resources centre not only offers a quiet space for students to read and complete work outside of lesson time, but is also used for seminar style discussion. The Percival Library is also conveniently on our doorstep. Martin Williams Head of Geography What subjects does Geography combine with? Geography is a subject that will complement almost any combination of A Level disciplines as it utilises elements of both the sciences and the arts. Student numbers are high at both GCSE and A Level, leading to several classes within each year, and there are currently four full-time teachers in the department. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 38 History “ He who cannot draw on three thousand years is living hand to mouth.” Goethe While it may be optimistic for students of A Level History to develop the breadth of historical understanding recommended by Goethe, the sentiment of this quotation is as valid today as it ever was. The political, social and economic structures of the modern world make little sense to those who have no context in which to place them. Studying A Level History will not provide all the answers, but it does give students an opportunity to gain considerable understanding of some of the key individuals, events and ideas that have shaped the past millennium. As an academic discipline, History develops the skills of evaluation, analysis and argument and suits students who enjoy reading, writing and discussion; but most of all it should appeal to students who are curious about the past and are keen to make sense of the present. The skills honed through studying History are fundamental to a broad range of careers, such as law and journalism. History is widely recognised as a heavyweight A Level subject by universities and a number of Cliftonians each year choose to study History at top institutions. 39 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Course content and assessment The new History A Level was adopted in September 2015. This is a twoyear linear course, following AQA’s specification. Students study a British and a non-British course and, in addition, complete a 4,000-word historical investigation (coursework essay) in the Upper Sixth. This essay must cover a period of a hundred years, but students are free to choose their own title. The department currently teaches a broad range of topics: The Crusades, the Tudors, 20th century China, modern Britain and post-war America. Entry Requirements B grade in GCSE History although those who have not taken History GCSE will be considered. A good level of spoken and written English is also necessary. Course Offered A and AS Level AQA History Facilities and staff The History Department consists of six full-time and part-time members of staff. The staff teach their own specialisms and are incredibly passionate about the A Level courses they teach. Resources are plentiful, with students’ textbooks supplemented by copies of additional relevant material within History classrooms. There are excellent restocked History sections within the Percival Library, where students also have access to a number of historical magazines as well as online historical databases and periodicals. Anne Sim Head of History Additional features Speakers from universities such as Cambridge and Bristol also visit the A Level History groups to lecture on the areas covered by the syllabus and A Level students are given the opportunity to attend conferences led by world-experts in their fields of research. Furthermore, the Sixth Form historians play a key role in the School’s own History Society. This is a student-led organisation that fosters the enthusiasm that the students have for their subject as well as giving them important leadership experience. Religious Studies R eligious Studies is an interdisciplinary subject that develops skills in analysis, evaluation, critical thinking, reading and writing. RS encourages engagement with ultimate questions, and will appeal to anyone with an enquiring mind. The A Level course offers a broad range of topics, which allows exploration in many relevant and exciting areas. It is a top tier academic discipline and is highly regarded by the universities. It will equip students for a future in a wide variety of areas. The course as taught at Clifton will enable students to compete for places at the most prestigious institutions and we have had notable success in recent years. Course content and assessment We are following the Edexcel A Level course, which is a two-year linear qualification with examinations at the end of the Upper Sixth. Students will be examined in Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Ethics, and New Testament Studies. Students will also take the AS at the end of the Lower Sixth in the same subjects. Facilities and staff Entry Requirements The Religious Studies A Level course is delivered by three Oxbridge educated theologians. The department has recently relocated to a refurbished suite of classrooms and is very well resourced. The department houses a library of academic literature and continues to be well supported by the Percival Library, which provides current articles and periodicals. The departmental staff maintain close contact with Trinity College, Bristol, which has provided access to its considerable collection. B grade in GCSE Religious Studies, although those who have not taken Religious Studies GCSE will be considered. A good level of spoken and written English is also necessary for success in this course. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Religious Studies What subjects does Religious Studies combine with? Religious Studies traditionally combines well with other essay-based subjects in the arts and humanities, but equally it can sit comfortably with the sciences and Psychology. Julia Greenbury Head of Religious Studies and Philosophy 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 40 PPE & Business Studies 41 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Politics Economics Philosophy Business Studies Politics P olitics is an option that will appeal to students who want to understand how the political systems of the UK and the USA operate. It focuses on how these systems are administered today rather than on an historic basis and, therefore, an interest in current affairs is an essential requirement for this course. There is a lot of discussion, debate and argument involved in the teaching and learning of this subject and it will, therefore, appeal to students who enjoy such activities, although the ability to research and to write well-reasoned answers is also necessary. Politics teaches people how to think for themselves, how to argue persuasively and how to be critical in the use of information. It is, therefore, useful in any career that uses these skills such as the law, journalism, publishing or business. Course content and assessment The Politics course followed is that provided by Edexcel. There are no specific entry grade requirements, but students will usually have achieved a good pass grade at GCSE in subjects such as English and History which have transferable skills. At the time of writing, the new Politics specification for September 2017 had not been produced by the exam board but it is anticipated that it will not be too different from the existing course. In the Lower Sixth, the UK political system has been studied based upon two modules - ‘People and Politics’ and ‘Governing the UK’. These include the study of how people participate in the political system through the electoral processes, the political parties, and pressure groups; and the study of the main political institutions, such as the Constitution, Parliament, the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and the Judiciary. In the Upper Sixth, the same approach has been adopted towards the USA’s political system, thus providing interesting comparisons and contrasts with the UK. Entry Requirements No specific requirements, but students will usually have achieved a good pass grade at GCSE in subjects such as English and History. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Government and Politics Additional features There is a wealth of resources available both within the school and outside. The department is wellresourced with books and other materials and there is a well-stocked section in the library. The daily news always raises issues and events which are relevant and every student should endeavour to read a good quality daily newspaper and to follow news broadcasts and other political programmes on the radio and/or television, for example ‘the Andrew Marr Show’ on Sunday mornings, to stay up-to-date with political developments. Peter Lidington Head of Politics What subjects does Politics combine with? Politics can be combined with subjects like Economics, Business Studies or History, to add to a deeper understanding of the Social Sciences, or it can be studied alongside very different subjects, like Mathematics and the Sciences, to add breadth to a student’s studies. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 42 Philosophy T he A Level specification has been designed to introduce students to the key methods and concepts in philosophy through the study of four broad themes: Epistemology; Philosophy of Religion; Ethics; and Philosophy of Mind. Students will develop and refine a range of transferable skills, such as the ability to ask penetrating questions, to analyse and evaluate the arguments of others, and to present their own arguments clearly and logically. It is a challenging and rewarding discipline to study, and complements both STEM subjects and humanities. It is very highly regarded by elite universities. Clifton has a very strong tradition of producing philosophers of international significance - Grice, Prichard, Blackburn, Geach and McTaggart are all OCs. Recent Cliftonians have also found the study of philosophy to be both exciting and a pathway to the very best UK universities. Course content and assessment The draft linear AQA AS and A Level specification places Epistemology and Moral Philosophy in the AS exam, and these themes are supplemented by Philosophy of Religion and Philosophy of Mind for A Level. 43 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK The specification asks these questions: What can we know? Can the existence of God be proved? How do we make moral decisions? Are my mind and body separate? These questions are fundamental and the material covered in the specification not only provides students with a good understanding of how these debates have, so far, been framed, but also acts as a springboard for consideration and discussion of students’ own ideas. The range of question types, at both AS and A Level, ensures that students are assessed across a core of important philosophical skills. Students will have the opportunity to engage in detailed analysis of philosophical texts, using the prescribed Anthology as a springboard for further reading and reflection. Facilities and staff The subject is taught by two members of staff, both with a philosophy background at degree level. Between them, they have more than 20 years’ experience of teaching the AQA syllabus. Resources in the department, on the web and in the Percival Library are outstanding. Entry Requirements A (or 7) grades in GCSE English Language and Mathematics. Course Offered A and AS Level AQA Philosophy Julia Greenbury Head of Philosophy and Religious Studies Economics E conomics is about choice and the impact of our choices on each other. It relates to every aspect of our lives, often without us realising it, from the decisions we make as individuals about how to spend our money or family income to the institutions and structures created by governments and firms. As a way of thinking, Economics can help us make better choices. The popularity of Economics is a reflection of the value and enjoyment students derive from its study, the wide range of skills they develop and the huge choice of careers that are open to graduates of the subject. Course content and assessment Entry Requirements B (or 6) grade in GCSE Mathematics. A good level of spoken and written English is necessary for success in this course. The study of Economics helps students to develop clear, logical thinking and an analytical approach to problemsolving. The course requires students to develop a combination of skills and aptitudes, from essay writing to quantitative analysis, and rewards those who enjoy working at both conceptual and practical levels. Course Offered A and AS Level AQA Economics At the end of Year 12, students take two papers, which focus on Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. Both of these elements are taught by separate teachers. The papers take the form of multiple choice and essay questions. The marks students achieve at AS Level do not contribute to their overall grade at A Level. At the end of Year 13, students are assessed via three separate papers. One paper is in Microeconomics and one in Macroeconomics and both include short and longer essay questions. For Paper 3, students must draw on all their knowledge across both disciplines to answer multiple choice and general questions. Nick Luker Head of Economics Facilities and staff Additional features Nobel Prize Winner Sir John Hicks In 1972 Sir John Hicks (OC 1917-22) received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (jointly) for his pioneering contributions to general equilibrium theory and welfare theory. Hicks’s model offered far better possibilities to study the consequences of changes in externally given variables than earlier models in this field, and Hicks succeeded in formulating a number of economically interesting theorems. His model became of great importance also as a connecting link between general equilibrium theory and current theories of business cycles. Five highly experienced teachers from a wide range of backgrounds in education, industry and finance teach Economics at Clifton. The subject is taught in the Coulson Centre and three newly equipped classrooms make up the department. The department seeks to make the most of real life examples and arrange guest speakers which include economists from university and speakers from the City of London. We also visit Bristol’s hugely popular Festival of Economics each year to attend seminars led by high profile economists on the issues of the moment. Each year the students are offered a lecture from a recent OC who has chosen to study the subject at university which they find highly useful in making their own choices. What subjects does Economics combine with? In addition to Mathematics (which helps greatly as a combination subject because straight Economics at university level can be very mathematical), popular subjects include History, Geography and Politics. The College’s thriving Economics Society attracts large weekly turnouts and participation on a wide range of national and international current affairs. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 44 Business Studies B usiness Studies appeals to a wide range of students, including those whose ambition it is to be an entrepreneur, those who hope to run their family business, or those who want to be a part of a multinational corporation. Business Studies touches most aspects of modern society, it is a vibrant subject that is constantly changing, and the study of business prepares students for today’s global world. The A Level course provides an insight into the business world and enables students to develop the skills and knowledge to understand how businesses operate. In many ways it is a practical subject as students learn about the internal running of a business, the operation of the various departments, such as marketing, finance and human resources, and the external influences on the business. The A Level course is taught using a case-study approach; this enables students to build knowledge of real world businesses. Business Studies and related subjects are among some of the most popular fields of study at universities and the A Level provides students with a strong foundation for future studies. Course content and assessment Entry Requirements We follow the Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE course. It is split into four themes: No formal grade requirement. A good level of spoken and written English is necessary for success in this course. 1. Marketing and people 2. Managing business activities 3. Business decisions and strategy 4. Global businesses A and AS Level Edexcel Business The themes are externally assessed. Students can take AS examinations at the end of the Lower Sixth but if they go on to do the full A Level course they are assessed on the full content of the course at the end of their study in the Upper Sixth. Students sit three A Level papers. Unit 3 includes study of a pre-released case study on an industry research theme. Facilities and staff There are four staff teaching Business Studies in newly refurbished rooms in the Coulson Centre. We also have a small computer room which is available for students to do business research. What subjects does Business Studies combine with? Business Studies combines well with a wide variety of subjects, including Economics, Geography, Mathematics and Three-Dimensional Design. 45 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Course Offered Andrea Ballance Head of Business Studies 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 46 Physical Education 47 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Physical Education Physical Education A Level PE is an academic course that has practical components. Students will participate in their chosen sports and can be assessed in these; the grade will contribute towards a final examination result. The study of Physical Education at A Level will enhance a student’s knowledge and experience of PE and sport, as well as providing a deeper understanding of health issues. This A Level offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of, and participation in, sport, play, leisure and recreation, allowing students to study movement, performance and behaviour in relation to PE. Candidates should enjoy science and looking at how the human body and mind is affected by sport participation and performance, and they should also be interested in the place of PE and sport in our society and how the subject has developed historically to fulfil its social role. They must also enjoy developing and acquiring skills and techniques in a variety of physical activities. Sport and fitness is a huge industry and students could make a career doing something that they are passionate about. University subjects include becoming a sports therapist, a teacher, a nutritionist, or training to be a physiotherapist, but there are lots of other opportunities. Course content and assessment Physical Education will be studied following the OCR specification. It is recommended that candidates have at least an A grade at GCSE in PE and/or the sciences as well as being very competent in one sporting activity. The combination of physical performance and academic challenge provides an exciting opportunity for students. Studying this subject helps students to gain the knowledge to improve their own and others’ performance or coaching. Physical Education at AS and A Level is studied through a range of different contexts, which reveal the impact that it has on both our own and others’ everyday lives. The A Level covers physiological, psychological, sociocultural and contemporary issues, as well as the practical performance. Students will learn the reasons why we do things and why some people outperform others – mentally and physically. They will also delve into the ethical considerations behind the use of drugs and the influence that modern technology is having on physical activity and sport. All areas of content are now compulsory. As such, students will receive a well-rounded and full introduction to the world of PE, sport and sports science. Entry Requirements Subject to assessment by the Head of Department (A grade in Biology or Physical Education recommended). Course Offered A and AS Level OCR Physical Education Students will have the opportunity to develop a wide-ranging set of key skills, including communication using appropriate language, dealing with pressure, split-second decision making, interpreting and analysing data, as well as analysing and evaluating performance. Andrew Wagstaff Head of Physical Education Facilities and staff The PE Department has three classrooms, equipped with interactive whiteboards, situated above the swimming pool and fitness suite and next to the sports hall and gymnasium. This allows instant access to apply the theory content of lessons to practical activities. Video cameras and iPads are often used in the practical lessons, allowing students immediate feedback in both their own and others’ performances. The department has four full-time teachers and two part-time teachers. They have a vast experience from a variety of sports and include exprofessionals and internationals. Other facilities used for PE lessons include the new state-of-the-art cricket nets, the 3G soccer pitch, the water-based hockey pitch, the indoor tennis/netball centre, the dance studios and numerous hard court, grass and AstroTurf pitches. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 48 49 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 50 Music & D ama 51 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Theatre Studies Dance Music Professional Certificate LAMDA Music Technology Theatre Studies T hose choosing Theatre Studies as an academic course will have the chance to develop their acting skills and understanding of stagecraft. They will have the opportunity to learn a wide range of styles, and, as part of the A Level course, will study practitioners and published plays. Studying Drama at Clifton encourages students to develop their teamwork and communication skills, builds confidence and fosters their public speaking ability. Course content and assessment We study the WJEC exam board syllabus at AS and A Level. Students study one complete performance text at AS and will also participate in a minimum of two performances, one devised and one scripted. Students will need to consider the working methods of a theatre practitioner in their devised performance work. They may follow performance or design options for both the devised and scripted performances. Component 1: Performance Workshop non-exam assessment: internally assessed, externally moderated, 60% of qualification. Students will be assessed on either acting or design. Students participate in the creation, development and performance of two extracts from different texts. For the second extract, students must use the working methods of a theatre practitioner or theatre company. All students must produce a realisation of both performances or designs, a creative log for each performance/design, and an evaluation. Component 2: Text in Context written examination: 1 hour 30 minutes, 40% of qualification. The exam will consist of a series of questions on one performance text. Entry Requirements B (or 6) grades in GCSE English and Drama if taken. Course Offered Facilities and staff A and AS Level WJEC Theatre Studies The department is led by the Director of Drama, Karen Pickles, and the Academic Drama is headed by Rhiannon Davies. Jody Lewarne is Head of Dance at Clifton. As we are all specialists in our areas, we are able to offer a broad academic opportunity to all, with Dance and Drama GCSE and A Levels being offered to all students on timetable, as well as a full LAMDA programme. The department has use of the College’s own 300-seat proscenium-arched theatre and two purpose-built dance studios. We work closely with the Bristol Old Vic Theatre, the Bath Theatre Royal, RADA, and Shakespeare’s Globe in London. Rhiannon Davies Head of Academic Drama Additional features We stage three productions annually – a Junior production in the Summer Term for the Third and Fourth Form pupils, a Shakespeare outdoor production for the school at the end of the Summer Term, and a full-scale musical theatre production in November in the Redgrave Theatre. The Drama, Theatre Studies and Dance Departments work closely together to promote Performing Arts at Clifton. With exciting choreography and innovative technical and staging ideas, Cliftonians get the best possible opportunities working on such exciting recent productions as: Les Miserables, Phantom of the Opera, Treasure Island, Miss Saigon, David Copperfield, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Chicago, Cabaret, Pygmalion and Taming of the Shrew. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 52 Music M usic is something that interests everyone in our society and the A Level course has been cleverly designed to be engaging and to extend students’ appreciation of the diverse and dynamic heritage of music, looking at many different styles and genres. Students develop their performance skills (solo and/or ensemble), compose music, learn about harmony and build up their aural and analytical skills. Whether they go on to study or perform music at a higher level, or whether this is something that sits alongside very different A Levels, it is a highly regarded academic subject and ultimately a very rewarding one. Course content and assessment Study and appraisal of set pieces (exam, 40% of marks) Students study a wide variety of pieces of music, ranging from vocal music by JS Bach and Mozart, to the Beatles, jazz sax player Courtney Pine, and film music (Psycho and Pirates of the Caribbean), amongst others. They look at how and why the music was written and what makes it successful (or not!). Composition (coursework, 30% of marks) Students learn to compose in different styles, both traditional (e.g. harmony in the style of Bach) and in a more contemporary, original way. 53 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Performance (coursework, 30% of marks) Students give a recital of around 10 minutes on their chosen instrument or voice; this can be solo, accompanied by a piano, or as part of a group. Facilities and staff The Joseph Cooper Music School (opened in 2009) is a fantastic facility with a recital hall, recording studio, 15 practice rooms, and three classrooms with 32 iMacs and a suite of Yamaha pianos, including a fine grand piano. As well as the Director of Music, there are two academic members of staff who teach Music A Level and a Sound Engineer who runs the recording studio and teaches Music Technology. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Music, or ABRSM grade 5 theory and performance. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Music Additional features The College puts on a busy programme of around 25 concerts per term and the department is always a lively hub of activity, with 32 visiting instrumental teachers. Recent stage productions have been hugely successful including Miss Saigon (2013), Chicago (2014) and Cabaret (2015) - all performed in the College’s Redgrave Theatre. Pop and Rock are very popular with regular live gigs, as well as frequent recording sessions. Music groups at the College Dan Robson Director of Music also include a first orchestra, string orchestra, choral society, chapel choir, chamber choir, wind band, saxophone groups, male & female close harmony, percussion group, brass group, swing band, soul band, and around 20 different chamber music groups. Music Technology M Sir David Willcocks Old Cliftonian (1934-1938) Sir David Willcocks, was awarded the Military Cross during World War II as battalion intelligence officer. He has gone on to have an extraordinarily successful career at King’s College Cambridge where he was Director of Music from1957 to 1974. He was also instrumental in the famous Carols from Kings being heard at Christmas on the radio and has been awarded over 50 honorary degrees from universities across the world. In 1977 in the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Honours he was created a Knight Bachelor. In 2009, he opened the refurbished Music School the “Joseph Cooper Music School” re-named after the well-known Music programme “Face the Music”, another very musical Old Cliftonian. usic Technology is a ‘hands on’ subject which will teach students how to record, edit and mix music. Of course, nowadays, high quality music can be made with relatively little equipment, but when students study the A Level they will try out different microphones in a real studio, editing with a professional mixing desk and Pro Tools software, as well as learning to set-up PA systems for live events. There is a lot of coursework and an exam which tests their knowledge of virtually all pop genres, but it’s great fun to study. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Music or relevant experience with Music Technology. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Music Technology There is also a listening exam which tests students’ knowledge of different musical genres and technologies, which they will study in lessons during the two years. Course content and assessment Facilities and staff We follow the Edexcel course, which involves a significant amount of coursework, including the following tasks: See Music section. • recording, editing and producing a song of the student’s choice • reproducing a well known track (specified by Edexcel) using software instruments and fx • an extended remix/composition task 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 54 Dance Entry Requirements B grade in GCSE Dance. Students without GCSE Dance will need to have a good level of dance training. Course Offered A and AS Level AQA Dance T he A Level Dance course is suitable for students who have received previous dance training and who have the desire to further their work creatively, technically and theoretically. The examination board is AQA. A Level Dance provides the opportunity for students to explore and experiment with movement through the creation of both solo and group choreographies. Technique is developed through the presentation of a group dance. The written examination paper allows a student to demonstrate their understanding and analytical skills based on compulsory and optional areas of study and professional dance works. Dance is a small department and benefits from the use of three dance studios which are equipped with ballet barres and mirrors. Professional Certificate LAMDA (Sector E) T he PCert LAM qualification is set at undergraduate level and gives a strong award to offer to a university as it prepares candidates for interview, delivery of a speech or text, and allows the student to carry out in-depth study into literature and drama figures throughout the 20th Century. The Level 3 examination is in two units: 55 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 1st Unit – Written assignment in the form of a Portfolio of Evidence which will demonstrate a strong understanding of the relevant knowledge and skills required to prepare a recital for performance. Research will be thorough and the assignment will be 5,000 to 6,000 words. It will document the process of preparing a recital based on a theme, in readiness for a performance. It will show thorough research on the poets, playwrights and prose writers included in the recital, along with the historical, social and cultural contexts, including research on character(s), and development of the introduction, linking passages and conclusion. It will give details of the rationale for the choice of staging and movement, the physical and vocal exercises which suit the recital choices, and the process of preparation. There should be a clear evaluation of each stage of the rehearsal process. 2nd Unit – The recital will include the four pieces of work discussed and prepared in Unit 1 (verse selection, prose selection, scene from a play and the candidate’s personal choice). After the practical performance work, the candidate will be examined in a viva style interview with the examiner. The course is delivered over 12 months and requires the students to read a variety of books and poetry and to visit the theatre to explore a range of theatrical styles. Facilities LOCATIONS Dance studio Theatre 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 56 At& Design Art 57 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Photography Three Dimensional Design Sculpture / Ceramics History of Art Art T he study of Art can refresh our vision and help us to look at the world in a variety of ways. Students learn to give tangible form to their feelings and their imagination, record and commemorate and create extraordinary versions of ordinary things. Many of our students have moved on to study on courses at art college such as fine art, illustration, graphic design, car design, shoe design, architecture, interior design, fashion design and fashion journalism. Clifton has always had a strong tradition in art and former students have included the Bloomsbury art critic and artist Roger Fry, the artist Henry Tonks, who became professor of Fine Art at the Slade School in London, and the landscape and abstract artist Peter Lanyon, a famous member of the St Ives School. Course content and assessment We follow the Edexcel Fine Art syllabus. Students follow a linear A Level course spending the first four terms working on coursework which carries 60% of their overall marks. They commence work on their externally-set assignment at the beginning of the Lent Term in the Upper Sixth, with a 15-hour examination in the Summer Term, and this carries the remaining 40% of their overall marks. Students may choose to study the subject to AS Level only, in which case they will spend a term and a half working on coursework before commencing work on the externally set assignment halfway through the Lent Term in the Lower Sixth, with a 10-hour examination in the Summer Term. The coursework and the examination work for AS each carry 50% of the marks. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Art. Course Offered Our students tend to study either fine art drawing and painting or fine art sculpture/ceramics. Our fine art painting students are given an excellent grounding in the fundamentals of draughtsmanship, oil painting, composition and colour theory as well as the use of the other formal elements in art. Painting and drawing from life is very important and students will work from still life arrangements in the studio as well as from live models during life drawing sessions, which take place in the evenings from time to time. They are also allowed to work from their own reference photographs and we encourage them to purchase their own camera for this purpose. A and AS Level Edexcel Fine Art Allan Wilkie Head of Art All students are expected to work using a range of media throughout the course and they are issued with an art kit containing oil paints, acrylics, chalk pastels, tonal chalks, oil pastels, watercolours, acrylics and colouring pencils. Facilities and staff We are fortunate to count among our staff a fine art painter and etcher, a ceramicist/sculptor, a photographer and an art historian. The department is equipped with two lower school and GCSE art studios, one larger Sixth Form studio with an etching press, a photography room with a darkroom, a ceramics/sculpture studio and a History of Art room for essential research. The critical studies element of the course is very important and students critically evaluate and make transcriptions of the work of artists who are considered to be exemplars of particular schools of thought, which should enrich and inform their own work as well as show that what they do has some basis in the world of art. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 58 Photography Entry Requirements No formal entry requirements. Candidates should possess a genuine interest in photography beyond the snapshot. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Fine Art Paul Wigginton Head of Photography S tudents gain an understanding of how photographic images are constructed and used in society today and also how to convey meaning, thoughts and ideas into their photographs using traditional, contemporary and alternative methods. It is a practical subject, and one that teaches students to understand this exciting, powerful, visual language. Students have gone on to successfully study at foundation and degree level in a range of areas such as photography, fashion photography, fine art (photography specialism), film and media production. Course content and assessment Students spend the first four terms working on coursework which carries 60% of their overall marks. They commence work on their externally-set assignment at the beginning of the 59 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Lent Term in the Upper Sixth with a 15hour examination in the Summer Term, and this carries the remaining 40% of their overall marks. Students may choose to study the subject to AS level only, in which case they will spend a term and a half working on coursework before commencing work on the externally set assignment halfway through the Lent Term in the Lower Sixth, with a 10-hour examination in the Summer Term. The coursework and the examination work for AS each carry 50% of the marks. Students begin by learning the building blocks of photographic processes, namely the interaction of light with light sensitive materials. This builds a foundation on which to learn the traditional methods of photography using film and darkroom printing, along with workshops in photo etching, toning, liquid emulsion, pinhole cameras and photograms. Within the first year students then progress to using digital photography, incorporating studio lighting and image manipulation using a variety of software. Experimentation in using a wide range of different image making equipment and techniques is encouraged, as is using alternative methods of displaying their work relative to the subject matter. The skills-based part of the course is supported by thorough research into the social and contextual aspects of photography as practised by recognised photographers, where their work will inform the students’ own work and enable them to explore different photographic genres and learn to communicate through this medium within both set and self directed projects. Students wishing to study photography should bring their own digital SLR camera with them to Clifton for use on the course. Facilities and staff Photography is taught by Paul Wigginton, a professional photographer in his own right. The department has its own darkroom, fully equipped to produce high quality black and white prints. For digital images, Apple Mac computers using a variety of industry standard image manipulation software are linked to a large format A0 inkjet printer. All these facilities are available for students to use in their own time. Sculpture and Ceramics S culpture is an enjoyable and rewarding subject. Students will gain valuable skills such as independence, analytical thinking, creativity, ingenuity, innovation and aesthetic awareness. They will learn to appreciate, understand and analyse Art and Design pieces, and initiate and develop their own project concepts. The course gives students the freedom to explore and express their own interests and ideas. There are far more job roles on offer in the creative industries than you might realise. With plentiful opportunities and a diverse pathway of exciting areas to specialise in, why not seek to combine what you enjoy doing with your future career? Sculpture is a highly suitable course for anyone interested in pursuing art and design areas such as fashion, architecture, furniture design, jewellery, animation model making, prop making, three-dimensional design, installation, ceramics and fine art sculpture, to name but a few. Sixth with a 15-hour examination in the Summer Term and this carries the remaining 40% of their overall marks. Students may choose to study the subject to AS Level only, in which case they will spend a term and a half working on coursework before commencing work on the externally set assignment halfway through the Lent Term in the Lower Sixth, with an eight-hour examination in the Summer Term. Entry Requirements B grade in GCSE Art or Sculpture. Course Offered A and AS Level Edexcel Fine Art Within the Fine Art course, students can choose to specialise in either Painting and Drawing or Sculpture and Ceramics. For the Sculpture option many students work primarily in ceramics because of the versatility of clay, but students also explore materials such as plaster, wire, paper, fabric, plastic, resin, wax and glass, amongst others. Students are taught hand-built ceramics techniques, such as slab and coil built work, sculpting techniques, mould making and slip casting. Students are encouraged to take inspiration from a range of artists and adopt an experimental approach to their use of media. All students are also issued with an art kit containing oil paints, acrylics, chalk pastels, tonal chalks, oil pastels, watercolours, acrylics and colouring pencils in addition to the three-dimensional studio materials provided, and are expected to use a variety of media throughout the course. Facilities and staff The Sculpture studio is equipped with a kiln for earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain firings which can also be used for slumped and fused glass work. There is a second small kiln for enamelling. All equipment and materials, including all clay, glazes, and lustres, are provided to students without charge, with nominal charges only made to students if they individually require specialist expensive materials to be ordered. All aspects of the course are taught by specialists in their field. Allan Wilkie Head of Art The critical studies element of the course is also very important and students evaluate and make threedimensional transcriptions of the work of individually chosen artists, which enriches and informs their own work. Course content and assessment We follow the Edexcel Fine Art syllabus. Students follow a linear A Level course spending the first four terms working on coursework which carries 60% of their overall marks. They commence work on their externally set assignment at the start of the Lent Term in the Upper Students are encouraged to choose their own theme or starting point for their coursework project, with guidance from their teacher. The teaching approach is personalised and tutorial based, with the dialogue between teacher and student central to the process, to enable students to work with growing independence and self-direction. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 60 Three-Dimensional Design D esigners are the makers of the built environment; they change lives and shape our interactions with the world around us. Design has a reciprocal nature with culture, economy, geography and history in that crucially it always starts with the needs and motivations of people. An education in design not only encourages observational skills and analytical skills but develops presentation and communication skills. It invites students to explore past objects as an archaeologist and to design what our world will look like in the future. Our designers have gone on to study graphic design, product design, architecture, and ergonomic design, among many other courses available. The course at AS and A Level is for those who wish to continue their studies in the field of design. Places are extremely limited so, as well as meeting the grade requirements, a proven aptitude for the subject and career prospects will be taken into consideration. Course content and assessment We follow the AQA Art and Design ThreeDimensional Design syllabus. Students take an AS and can then continue in the Upper Sixth when they will be entered for the A Level. At AS Level students will spend the first term and part of the second working on coursework which comprises 60% of the grade, before commencing work on the external assignment through the Lent Term with a 10-hour exam. At A Level the time scale and weighting are the same, however the exam will be 15 hours long. 61 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Students will study contemporary design and the history of design, with real artefacts to sketch, explore and debate. They will be expected to design to a number of briefs, exploring architecture, street furniture, lighting, seating etc. Students are expected to visually communicate through a variety of media and CAD work. They are also expected to realise their intentions practically through workshop-based skills and processes in woods, metals and plastics. The emphasis of this course is on the creative aspects of design, not the technical. Prospective candidates should be aware that the course requires a heavy and time-consuming commitment to coursework. Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Art, Sculpture or Design and Technology Course Offered A and AS Level AQA Art and Design Three-Dimensional Design Naomi Hall Head of Design and Technology Facilities and staff Clifton’s reputation for excellence in the Design Department is ever increasing and we are staffed with highly experienced staff who trained as architects and practice as designers. We also have a full-time technician who supports the main workshop. Clifton has a well-equipped Design Department that includes design studios with two computer rooms with Adobe, Graphics and CAD programs, scanners, digital cameras, and light boxes. The Sixth Form graphics studio contains individual drawing tables and a library of books and magazines. In the plastics workshop, we have a laser cutter and two 3D printers, a 3D pen, vacuum formers and the equipment for the manipulation of plastics. We also possess CNC (computer controlled) manufacturing equipment, and a large workshop fitted out for wood and metal work, including a new foundry for casting aluminium. Additional features We have many visiting architects and practising artists and designers who come and work with the students and our academic discussion and CAD skills have been praised by visiting university lecturers as being of degree standard. The origins of Bentley Motors - July 1919 Walter Owen Bentley, OC, commonly know as W.O. (1888 to 1971), attended Clifton until 1905. In 1912, with his brother H. M., W. O. established the Bentley and Bentley company which specialised in selling cars with aluminium alloy pistons. During the First World War, he built rotary aero-engines for the Royal Air Force and many other big manufacturers including Rolls Royce. Almost immediately after the end of the First World War, W.O. and H.M. founded their own car company - Bentley Motors Limited. History of Art T hroughout history, man has demonstrated the creative side of human nature by creating works of art and architecture. Much of this art can be studied first-hand in this country which has wonderful art collections as well as great architecture. Studying History of Art will enable students to explore the canon of painting, sculpture and architecture and discover much about art production, the artists who made the art, the patrons who commissioned it, and the societies they inhabited. History of Art is much more than art appreciation, although the aesthetic aspect is a bonus! A student wanting to understand art and the societies that produced it will develop their skills of analysis, observation and evaluation. These are important transferable skills and explain why History of Art is a top tier academic discipline. In recent years many students have gone on to top universities, including the Courtauld, to continue this subject to degree level. Course content and assessment Entry Requirements A grade in GCSE Art, Sculpture or Design and Technology. We will be using the new AQA specification for 2017. This syllabus gives students the opportunity to study the artwork and styles of key historical movements and periods. Students also have the option of studying non-Western art. Course Offered A and AS Level AQA History of Art The course consists of four thematic areas of study and five period-specific areas. In the first year students will study one of each and in the second year of the course students will study two of each. Within each theme and period, students will study at least two artists and at least three works of art from each artist. The subject will be assessed by external exams and there is no coursework. Additional features Helen Skåtun History of Art Teacher There are annual visits to galleries in London to study first-hand the art and architecture that has been studied in class. Facilities and staff History of Art comes under the Art Department which also offers courses in Art, Photography and Sculpture. The History of Art room is well equipped for the viewing of slides. It also benefits from a wide range of books and DVDs. Roger Fry OC - July 1882 Roger Fry OC, studied science at Cambridge and became the leading 20th century art critic as well as artist and curator and Professor of Fine Art at The Slade, renowned for his discovery of Cezanne and being the voice for modern French artists. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 62 63 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 64 Secto E I n addition to the four main subjects studied in the Lower Sixth, many students will then wish to select one or two additional choices from the list of supplementary subjects in Sector E. The subject choices within Sector E are designed to give Sixth Form students further scope to develop their strengths and interests. Any selections made from Sector E are optional and so, broadly speaking, students are free to make their selection from this sector over and above their normal diet of four main subjects. We aim to be as flexible as possible within Sector E, and subject to certain timetabling constraints, students may choose more than one option. Students are encouraged to enrich their experience in the Sixth Form by choosing an additional option or options, though care must be taken to ensure that individuals do not overcommit themselves. Students should discuss their Sector E choices with their tutor and Housemaster/mistress to make sure that they have made a realistic selection. Sector E choices Edexcel BTEC Level 3 National Certificate in Information Technology TThis qualification is designed for students who are interested in developing their understanding of information technology (IT), with a view to progressing to a wide range of higher education courses, not necessarily in IT. 65 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Unit 1: Creating Systems to Manage Information Students study the design, creation, testing and evaluation of a relational database system to manage information. Unit 2: Using Social Media in Business Students explore how businesses use social media to promote their products and services. Students also implement social media activities in a business to meet requirements. English as an Additional Language EAL is offered as a Sector E course which is tailor-made to fit the needs of the students who wish to take it. Most often it will involve improvement of academic writing skills for those students taking essay writing subjects such as Economics, Psychology or History. French, Spanish, German, Italian, Russian and Mandarin The study of a language is available as a Sector E option. They can be studied as a non-examined subject or to GCSE, AS Level or A Level depending on the student’s previous experience. Students should contact the Head of Languages if they are interested in studying a language as a Sector E option; early contact is advisable to discuss which language options are possible. For more details of the languages offered see the Modern Foreign Languages section on page 25. Performance Certificate LAMDA The PCert LAM qualification is set at undergraduate level and gives a strong award to offer to a university as it prepares a pupil for interview and delivery of a speech or text as well as allowing the student to carry out indepth study on literature and drama figures throughout the 20th Century. See the Drama section on page 55 for more details. covering skills like public speaking and performing. These lessons take place both on and off timetable, dependent upon demand. See the Director of Drama for more information about this. There are also a range of other LAMDA activities available, leading to nationally recognised qualifications, BTEC in Teamwork and Personal Development This BTEC Level 2 course is available as a Sector E option in the Lower Sixth and provides students with an additional qualification that can be a valued addition to the UCAS application form. Candidates gain credits from a range of unit options, such as teamwork and communications skills, improving health and fitness, expedition skills and volunteering. Further details can be found at www.cvqo.org. The course covers camera controls such as aperture, shutter speeds, depth of field and capturing movement but also, and very importantly, composition, lighting and photographic genres. Students should have their own digital SLR camera for the course. Photography Photography is available within Sector E for any student who wishes to learn more about using their camera creatively and to have the opportunity to experience traditional, and experimental, methods of producing photographic images. See page 59 for further details on the Photography Department. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 66 Additional suppo t 67 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Learning Support provision Clifton College is able to make provision for students who have certain specific learning difficulties, for example dyslexia, or who have a need for specialist or additional help in some areas of their learning. a) Identification of needs Students requiring Learning Support will normally have been identified, and may already be receiving support before joining the school. Parents of such students are asked to ensure they have made contact with the Head of Independent Learning before their son or daughter joins the school, and they must make available any documentation, such as Educational Psychologist assessments. Where students have not previously been identified, or have been identified only through screening procedures, a full assessment can be arranged (see fee sheet for details of charges). All new Lower Sixth students are assessed for possible learning difficulties during the first week of term. Where our screening process indicates a difficulty, we will contact parents and recommend further assessment and, in some cases, extra support. In order to receive extra time in examinations or other access arrangements from the examination boards, students with special learning difficulties will require a full assessment and should be able to demonstrate that they have received continued support from school and that there is evidence of need. Students and parents should understand that the examination boards are becoming more stringent and that a student who has had extra time at GCSE level will not automatically receive extra time at A Level. The examination boards stipulate that students must be assessed by an appropriately qualified specialist who is employed by, or known to, the school. Most assessments will be conducted by the Head of Independent Learning who is a qualified Educational Psychologist. The College will not accept privately commissioned Educational Psychologist reports for the purposes of applying for examination concessions. b) Support teaching for students with Special Educational Needs The College facilitates the provision of specialist teachers for Learning Support, both mainstream academic subject teachers, and teachers with experience in Special Educational Needs. Students may receive one-toone lessons with a specialist teacher at extra cost (see fee sheet). These lessons are normally arranged in the student’s free time. Dr Katie Hamilton Head of Independent Learning Those who wish to make outside arrangements for support (or to continue with them) are welcome to do so. There are Dyslexia Centres in Bristol and Bath. However, we do ask parents to ensure that we are informed of the support that their children are receiving, so that our teachers may liaise. Students who have a specific learning difficulty and receive extra time in examinations should contact the Department of Independent Learning if they would like extra support. Some Sixth Form students take advantage of regular weekly support lessons throughout their time in the Sixth Form and this is encouraged. However, students with a specific literacy difficulty who would like occasional help with reading or essay writing should contact the Independent Learning team to arrange appropriate support. 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 68 English as an Additional Language and International English Language Testing System (IELTS) S Alissa Goefron Head of EAL tudents needing qualifications in English, such as IELTS, for university entrance are required to arrange these externally. However, Sixth Form students from overseas will have an opportunity to take an intensive course in IELTS preparation as most of them will need to take the IELTS exam prior to entry to a British university. The IELTS exam tests reading, writing, listening and speaking skills and students wishing to enter university are required to take the Academic Training modules in reading and writing. The EAL Department will provide lessons to help prepare students for these examinations. Native language lessons T he College is able to make provision for those students who may wish to continue with a language not on the curriculum, for example for native speakers of Portuguese or Japanese, up to GCSE or A Level. These subjects 69 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK are normally taught outside the curriculum at extra cost (see fee sheet), with reduced rates for pairs or groups. Students should contact the Head of Modern Foreign Languages for further details. The EAL Department also offers Sector E classes for Sixth Formers who wish to take them and these classes are tailor-made to fit the needs of the students. Most often they will involve training in academic writing skills for EAL students taking essay writing subjects such as Economics, Psychology or History. Should it be necessary, private lessons with specialist EAL teachers are also available to help with IELTS preparation and to support the language requirements of other subjects. These lessons are at extra cost (see fee sheet) and usually take place in a student’s free time so that withdrawal from other lessons is not necessary. His PhD led him to stored programme research for computing and in 1949 he took up the post of project leader at Lyons, where he designed and developed one of the world’s first business computer systems - the Lyons Electronic Office or ‘LEO’. He later joined ICL and continued working at the top level in the computer industry. He was twice the President of the European Computer Manufacturers Association. John Pinkerton and the first business computer John M.M. Pinkerton (1919-1997), Old Cliftonian, read Natural Sciences at Trinity College, Cambridge. He spent the war years on radar research. Returning to Cambridge in 1945, he studied ultrasonic absorption in liquids at the Cavendish Laboratory; he submitted a PhD thesis in 1948. Information and Communication Technology I CT at Clifton is a high priority, both as a subject in its own right and as a means of enhancing teaching and learning in all subjects. The purpose of teaching ICT is to ensure all students at Clifton have a high level of ICT skills to enable them to use ICT effectively and productively across the curriculum and in their daily lives. An Advanced ICT course is offered in the Sixth Form (see Sector E options) to students wishing to broaden their skills and knowledge of ICT. This course is usually taken in addition to four other AS subjects. All subjects use ICT in their teaching, including the use of the College Intranet as a teaching resource, where an extensive range of learning materials can be located by students, both inside and outside of the classroom. There is also excellent ICT provision throughout the College. A state-ofthe-art fibre optic network links more than 700 computers located in nine computer suites, academic areas and Houses. All classrooms have network points, as do all House libraries and student studies. The Percival Library has some 40 network points for student laptops. Students can also connect to the school network via wireless hubs throughout the campus. The IT Department, which supports the development of the College’s use of ICT, is made up of eight technicians and developers. A dedicated Help Desk is available for students to solve any IT issues they might have. Dr Darron Dean Head of Academic ICT 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 70 Choices 71 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK Subject choices for September 2017 T he following subjects are planned to be offered in the Lower Sixth at Clifton College in September 2017. Please follow the instructions on the form provided to make your choices. If you do not have a form, please email admissions @ cliftoncollege. com to request one. Art58 Biology16 Business Studies 45 Chemistry17 Classical Civilisation 36 Dance55 Economics44 English Language 26 English Literature 27 French28 Geography38 German29 Greek (Ancient) 34 History39 History of Art 62 Latin34 Mathematics22 Mathematics (Further) 23 Music53 Music Technology 54 Philosophy43 Physical Education 48 Physics18 Photography59 Politics42 Psychology19 Religious Studies 40 Sculpture / Ceramics 60 Spanish30 Theatre Studies 52 Three-Dimensional Design61 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK 72 Unive sity destinations 73 2017 | SIXTH FORM CURRICULUM BOOK
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Brooke Weston Key Stage 4 Choices 2010 Monday 15th March 2010 1.60 MB A digital version of the options booklet.