Compaq Deskpro EP a/C466/810e, Deskpro EP P700, Deskpro EP C433/810, Deskpro EP P550, Deskpro EP P450+/810e, Deskpro EP P500/810e, Deskpro EP C533/810, Deskpro EP P800, Deskpro EP 6450+, Deskpro EP a/P667E/810e User manual

Compaq Deskpro EP a/C466/810e, Deskpro EP P700, Deskpro EP C433/810, Deskpro EP P550, Deskpro EP P450+/810e, Deskpro EP P500/810e, Deskpro EP C533/810, Deskpro EP P800, Deskpro EP 6450+, Deskpro EP a/P667E/810e User manual
Technical
Reference
Guide
For the
Compaq Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers
This hardcopy is designed to be placed into a standard 3-ring binder. Provided below is a title block that
can be cut out and placed into the slip or taped onto the edge of the binder.
Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers TRG
Technical Reference Guide
NOTICE
The information in this document is subject to change without notice.
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EDITORIAL ERRORS OR OMISSIONS HEREIN; NOR FOR INCIDENTAL OR
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1998 Compaq Computer Corporation
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Technical Reference Guide
for
Compaq Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Document Number DSK-107A/0498
Compaq Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
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Technical Reference Guide
ii
Compaq Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................
1.1
ABOUT THIS GUIDE ........................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1
USING THIS GUIDE ..................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.2
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SOURCES.................................................................. 1-1
1.2
NOTATIONAL CONVENTIONS.......................................................................................... 1-2
1.2.1
VALUES........................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.2.2
RANGES........................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.2.3
SIGNAL LABELS.......................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2.4
REGISTER NOTATION AND USAGE ......................................................................... 1-2
1.2.5
BIT NOTATION ............................................................................................................ 1-2
1.3
COMMON ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS.............................................................. 1-3
CHAPTER 2 SYSTEM OVERVIEW.....................................................................................................
2.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2
FEATURES ........................................................................................................................... 2-2
2.2.1
STANDARD FEATURES .............................................................................................. 2-2
2.2.2
OPTIONS....................................................................................................................... 2-2
2.3
MECHANICAL DESIGN ...................................................................................................... 2-3
2.3.1
CABINET LAYOUT...................................................................................................... 2-3
2.3.2
CHASSIS LAYOUT....................................................................................................... 2-4
2.3.3
SYSTEM BOARD LAYOUT ......................................................................................... 2-5
2.4
SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE.................................................................................................. 2-6
2.4.1
PROCESSOR ................................................................................................................. 2-8
2.4.2
MEMORY...................................................................................................................... 2-8
2.4.3
SUPPORT CHIPSET ...................................................................................................... 2-9
2.4.4
MASS STORAGE .......................................................................................................... 2-9
2.4.5
SERIAL AND PARALLEL INTERFACES .................................................................... 2-9
2.4.6
UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS INTERFACE ................................................................... 2-10
2.4.7
GRAPHICS SUBSYSTEM ........................................................................................... 2-10
2.5
SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................................................................. 2-11
CHAPTER 3 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM ........................................................................
3.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 3-1
3.2
66-MHZ SLOT 1 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM ................................................... 3-2
3.2.1
CELERON PROCESSOR............................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.2
PENTIUM II PROCESSOR............................................................................................ 3-3
3.2.3
PROCESSOR CHANGING/UPGRADING..................................................................... 3-4
3.2.4
SYSTEM MEMORY...................................................................................................... 3-5
3.2.5
SUBSYSTEM CONFIGURATION................................................................................. 3-8
3.3
100-MHZ SLOT 1 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM.................................................. 3-9
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3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
PENTIUM II PROCESSOR.......................................................................................... 3-10
SYSTEM MEMORY.................................................................................................... 3-12
SUBSYSTEM CONFIGURATION............................................................................... 3-13
CHAPTER 4 SYSTEM SUPPORT.........................................................................................................
4.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.2
PCI BUS OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................... 4-2
4.2.1
PCI CONNECTOR......................................................................................................... 4-3
4.2.2
PCI BUS MASTER ARBITRATION.............................................................................. 4-4
4.2.3
PCI BUS TRANSACTIONS........................................................................................... 4-5
4.2.4
OPTION ROM MAPPING ............................................................................................. 4-8
4.2.5
PCI INTERRUPT MAPPING ......................................................................................... 4-9
4.2.6
PCI POWER MANAGEMENT SUPPORT..................................................................... 4-9
4.2.7
PCI CONFIGURATION............................................................................................... 4-10
4.3
AGP BUS OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................... 4-11
4.3.1
BUS TRANSACTIONS................................................................................................ 4-11
4.3.2
AGP CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................. 4-14
4.3.3
AGP CONNECTOR..................................................................................................... 4-15
4.4
ISA BUS OVERVIEW......................................................................................................... 4-16
4.4.1
ISA CONNECTOR ...................................................................................................... 4-17
4.4.2
ISA BUS TRANSACTIONS......................................................................................... 4-18
4.4.3
DIRECT MEMORY ACCESS...................................................................................... 4-20
4.4.4
INTERRUPTS.............................................................................................................. 4-23
4.4.5
INTERVAL TIMER..................................................................................................... 4-27
4.4.6
ISA CONFIGURATION............................................................................................... 4-27
4.5
SYSTEM CLOCK DISTRIBUTION .................................................................................... 4-28
4.6
REAL-TIME CLOCK AND CONFIGURATION MEMORY............................................... 4-29
4.6.1
CONFIGURATION MEMORY BYTE DEFINITIONS ................................................ 4-30
4.7
I/O MAP AND REGISTER ACCESSING............................................................................ 4-46
4.7.1
SYSTEM I/O MAP ...................................................................................................... 4-46
4.7.2
82371 SOUTH BRIDGE GPIO CONFIGURATION ..................................................... 4-47
4.7.3
87309 I/O CONTROLLER CONFIGURATION ........................................................... 4-49
4.8
SYSTEM MANAGEMENT SUPPORT ............................................................................... 4-50
4.8.1
FLASH ROM WRITE PROTECT ................................................................................ 4-50
4.8.2
USER SECURITY........................................................................................................ 4-50
4.8.3
I/O SECURITY ............................................................................................................ 4-51
4.8.4
POWER MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................... 4-51
CHAPTER 5 INPUT/OUTPUT INTERFACES .....................................................................................
5.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.2
ENHANCED IDE INTERFACE ............................................................................................ 5-1
5.2.1
IDE PROGRAMMING................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2.2
IDE CONNECTOR ........................................................................................................ 5-9
5.3
DISKETTE DRIVE INTERFACE........................................................................................ 5-10
5.3.1
DISKETTE DRIVE PROGRAMMING ........................................................................ 5-11
5.3.2
DISKETTE DRIVE CONNECTOR.............................................................................. 5-14
5.4
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SERIAL INTERFACE ......................................................................................................... 5-15
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5.4.1
RS-232 INTERFACE ................................................................................................... 5-15
5.4.2
SERIAL INTERFACE PROGRAMMING .................................................................... 5-16
5.5
PARALLEL INTERFACE ................................................................................................... 5-21
5.5.1
STANDARD PARALLEL PORT MODE ..................................................................... 5-21
5.5.2
ENHANCED PARALLEL PORT MODE ..................................................................... 5-22
5.5.3
EXTENDED CAPABILITIES PORT MODE ............................................................... 5-22
5.5.4
PARALLEL INTERFACE PROGRAMMING .............................................................. 5-23
5.5.5
PARALLEL INTERFACE CONNECTOR ................................................................... 5-27
5.6
KEYBOARD/POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE ............................................................... 5-28
5.6.1
KEYBOARD INTERFACE OPERATION ................................................................... 5-28
5.6.2
POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE OPERATION ....................................................... 5-30
5.6.3
KEYBOARD/POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE PROGRAMMING ......................... 5-30
5.6.4
KEYBOARD/POINTING DFEVICE INTERFACE CONNECTOR.............................. 5-34
5.7
UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS INTERFACE........................................................................... 5-35
5.7.1
USB KEYBOARD CONSIDERATIONS...................................................................... 5-35
5.7.2
USB CONFIGURATION.............................................................................................. 5-35
5.7.3
USB CONTROL........................................................................................................... 5-36
5.7.4
USB CONNECTOR ..................................................................................................... 5-36
CHAPTER 6 POWER AND SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION.......................................................................
6.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 6-1
6.2
POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY/CONTROL .......................................................................... 6-1
6.2.1
POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY...................................................................................... 6-2
6.2.2
POWER CONTROL....................................................................................................... 6-3
6.3
POWER DISTRIBUTION...................................................................................................... 6-5
6.3.1
3/5/12 VDC DISTRIBUTION......................................................................................... 6-5
6.3.2
LOW VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION................................................................................ 6-6
6.4
GENERAL SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION .................................................................................. 6-7
CHAPTER 7 BIOS ROM .......................................................................................................................
7.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. 7-1
7.2
BOOT FUNCTIONS.............................................................................................................. 7-2
7.2.1
BOOT BLOCK............................................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.2
QUICKBOOT................................................................................................................. 7-2
7.2.3
SILENTBOOT ............................................................................................................... 7-2
7.3
MEMORY DETECTION AND CONFIGURATION.............................................................. 7-3
7.4
CLIENT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT................................................................................... 7-4
7.4.1
SYSTEM ID/REVISION/SERIAL NO. .......................................................................... 7-6
7.4.2
SYSTEM INFORMATION TABLE ............................................................................... 7-6
7.4.3
EDID RETRIEVE ........................................................................................................ 7-12
7.4.4
DRIVE FAULT PREDICTION..................................................................................... 7-12
7.4.5
SYSTEM MAP RETRIEVAL....................................................................................... 7-13
7.4.6
FLASH ROM FUNCTIONS ......................................................................................... 7-14
7.4.7
7.4.8
POWER BUTTON FUNCTIONS ................................................................................. 7-14
ACCESSING CMOS.................................................................................................... 7-16
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7.4.9
ACCESSING CMOS FEATURE BITS......................................................................... 7-16
7.4.10 SECURITY FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................ 7-18
7.5
PNP SUPPORT .................................................................................................................... 7-19
7.5.1
SMBIOS....................................................................................................................... 7-20
7.6
POWER MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS ............................................................................ 7-21
7.6.1
INDEPENDENT PM SUPPORT .................................................................................. 7-21
7.6.2
ACPI SUPPORT........................................................................................................... 7-21
7.6.3
APM SUPPORT ........................................................................................................... 7-22
7.7
USB LEGACY SUPPORT ................................................................................................... 7-24
7.8
BIOS UPGRADING............................................................................................................. 7-24
APPENDIX A ERROR MESSAGES AND CODES...............................................................................
A.1
A.2
A.3
A.4
A.5
A.6
A.7
A.8
A.9
A.10
A.11
A.12
A.13
A.14
A.15
A.16
A.17
A.18
A.19
A.20
A.21
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. A-1
POWER-ON MESSAGES..................................................................................................... A-1
BEEP/KEYBOARD LED CODES ........................................................................................ A-1
POWER-ON SELF TEST (POST) MESSAGES.................................................................... A-2
PROCESSOR ERROR MESSAGES (1XX-XX) ...................................................................... A-3
MEMORY ERROR MESSAGES (2XX-XX)........................................................................... A-4
KEYBOARD ERROR MESSAGES (30X-XX) ....................................................................... A-4
PRINTER ERROR MESSAGES (4XX-XX) ............................................................................ A-5
VIDEO (GRAPHICS) ERROR MESSAGES (5XX-XX) .......................................................... A-5
DISKETTE DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES (6XX-XX) ......................................................... A-6
SERIAL INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (11XX-XX) ................................................... A-6
MODEM COMMUNICATIONS ERROR MESSAGES (12XX-XX).................................... A-7
HARD DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES (17XX-XX) ............................................................... A-8
HARD DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES (19XX-XX) ............................................................... A-9
VIDEO (GRAPHICS) ERROR MESSAGES (24XX-XX) .................................................... A-9
AUDIO ERROR MESSAGES (3206-XX)......................................................................... A-10
NETWORK INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (60XX-XX) ........................................... A-10
SCSI INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (65XX-XX, 66XX-XX, 67XX-XX) ....................... A-11
POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (8601-XX).............................. A-11
CEMM PRIVILEDGED OPS ERROR MESSAGES........................................................ A-12
CEMM EXCEPTION ERROR MESSAGES ................................................................... A-12
APPENDIX B ASCII CHARACTER SET .............................................................................................
B.1
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................B-1
APPENDIX C KEYBOARD ...................................................................................................................
C.1
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................C-1
C.2
KEYSTROKE PROCESSING................................................................................................C-2
C.2.1
TRANSMISSIONS TO THE SYSTEM ..........................................................................C-3
C.2.2
KEYBOARD LAYOUTS ...............................................................................................C-4
vi
C.2.3
KEYS.............................................................................................................................C-7
C.2.4
KEYBOARD COMMANDS.........................................................................................C-10
Compaq Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
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C.2.5
SCAN CODES .............................................................................................................C-10
APPENDIX D AUDIO CARD.................................................................................................................
D.1 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. D-1
D.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................ D-2
D.2.1
PCM AUDIO PROCESSING......................................................................................... D-4
D.2.2
FM SYNTHESIS AUDIO PROCESSING...................................................................... D-7
D.3
AUDIO CARD PROGRAMMING ........................................................................................ D-8
D.3.1
CONFIGURATION....................................................................................................... D-8
D.3.2
CONTROL.................................................................................................................... D-9
D.4 SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................. D-11
APPENDIX E ATI RAGE IIC GRAPHICS CARD ...............................................................................
E.1
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................E-1
E.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.............................................................................................E-2
E.2.1
ATI RAGE IIC GRAPHICS CONTROLLER..................................................................E-3
E.3
DISPLAY CONFIGURATIONS ............................................................................................E-4
E.4
PROGRAMMING..................................................................................................................E-5
E.4.1
CONFIGURATION........................................................................................................E-5
E.4.2
CONTROL.....................................................................................................................E-5
E.5
POWER MANAGEMENT.....................................................................................................E-6
E.5.1
MONITOR CONTROL ..................................................................................................E-6
E.5.2
POWER CONSUMPTION .............................................................................................E-6
E.6
CONNECTORS .....................................................................................................................E-7
E.6.2
MONITOR CONNECTOR.............................................................................................E-7
E.6.3
MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR ................................................................E-8
APPENDIX F ATI RAGE PRO AGP 1X GRAPHICS CARD ..............................................................
F.1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................. F-1
F.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................. F-2
F.2.1
ATI RAGE PRO TURBO AGP GRAPHICS CONTROLLER ......................................... F-3
F.3
DISPLAY MODES ................................................................................................................ F-4
F.4
PROGRAMMING.................................................................................................................. F-5
F.4.1
CONFIGURATION........................................................................................................ F-5
F.4.2
CONTROL..................................................................................................................... F-5
F.5
MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONTROL ............................................................... F-6
F.6
CONNECTORS ..................................................................................................................... F-6
F.6.1
MEMORY EXPANSION CONNECTOR ....................................................................... F-6
F.6.2
MONITOR CONNECTOR............................................................................................. F-7
F.6.3
MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR ................................................................ F-8
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APPENDIX G DIAMOND FIRE GRAPHICS CARD ...........................................................................
G.1 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. G-1
G.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION............................................................................................ G-2
G.2.1
SGS nVIDIA RIVA 128 GRAPHICS CONTROLLER................................................... G-3
G.3 DISPLAY MODES ............................................................................................................... G-4
G.4 PROGRAMMING................................................................................................................. G-5
G.4.1
CONFIGURATION....................................................................................................... G-5
G.4.2
CONTROL.................................................................................................................... G-5
G.5
MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONTROL .............................................................. G-6
G.6
CONNECTORS .................................................................................................................... G-6
G.6.1
MONITOR CONNECTOR............................................................................................ G-7
G.6.2
MEDIA PORT CONNECTOR ...................................................................................... G-8
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LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 2–1.
FIGURE 2–2.
FIGURE 2–3.
FIGURE 2–4.
FIGURE 2–5.
FIGURE 2–6.
FIGURE 2–7.
COMPAQ DESKPRO EP PERSONAL COMPUTERS WITH MONITOR .......................................... 2-1
CABINET LAYOUT, FRONT VIEW ....................................................................................... 2-3
CABINET LAYOUT, REAR VIEW ......................................................................................... 2-3
CHASSIS LAYOUT, TOP VIEW ............................................................................................ 2-4
SYSTEM BOARD LAYOUT, COMPONENT SIDE ..................................................................... 2-5
SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE, BLOCK DIAGRAM ........................................................................ 2-7
PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURAL COMPARISON DIAGRAM ........................................................ 2-8
FIGURE 3–1.
FIGURE 3–2.
FIGURE 3–3.
FIGURE 3–4.
FIGURE 3–5.
FIGURE 3–6.
66-MHZ SLOT 1 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM ARCHITECTURE ................................... 3-2
CELERON PROCESSOR INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE ............................................................... 3-3
PENTIUM II PROCESSOR INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE ............................................................. 3-3
SYSTEM MEMORY MAP ..................................................................................................... 3-7
100-MHZ SLOT 1 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM ARCHITECTURE ................................. 3-9
350-/400-MHZ PENTIUM II PROCESSOR INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE .................................. 3-10
FIGURE 4–1. PCI BUS DEVICES AND FUNCTIONS ..................................................................................... 4-2
FIGURE 4–2. PCI BUS CONNECTOR (32-BIT TYPE)................................................................................. 4-3
FIGURE 4–3. TYPE 0 CONFIGURATION CYCLE ........................................................................................ 4-6
FIGURE 4–4. PCI CONFIGURATION SPACE MAP...................................................................................... 4-7
FIGURE 4–5. AGP 1X DATA TRANSFER (PEAK TRANSFER RATE: 266 MB/S) ........................................ 4-12
FIGURE 4–6. AGP 2X DATA TRANSFER (PEAK TRANSFER RATE: 532 MB/S) ........................................ 4-13
FIGURE 4–7. AGP BUS CONNECTOR ................................................................................................... 4-15
FIGURE 4–8. ISA BUS BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................................................................ 4-16
FIGURE 4–9. ISA EXPANSION CONNECTOR.......................................................................................... 4-17
FIGURE 4–10. MASKABLE INTERRUPT PROCESSING, BLOCK DIAGRAM .................................................. 4-23
FIGURE 4–11. CONFIGURATION MEMORY MAP .................................................................................... 4-29
FIGURE 5–1.
FIGURE 5–2.
FIGURE 5–3.
FIGURE 5–4.
FIGURE 5–5.
FIGURE 5–6.
FIGURE 5–7.
40-PIN IDE CONNECTOR. ................................................................................................. 5-9
34-PIN DISKETTE DRIVE CONNECTOR.............................................................................. 5-14
SERIAL INTERFACE CONNECTOR (MALE DB-9 AS VIEWED FROM REAR OF CHASSIS) ........... 5-15
PARALLEL INTERFACE CONNECTOR (FEMALE DB-25 AS VIEWED FROM REAR OF CHASSIS) .. 5-27
8042-TO-KEYBOARD TRANSMISSION OF CODE EDH, TIMING DIAGRAM ............................ 5-28
KEYBOARD OR POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE CONNECTOR ............................................... 5-34
UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS CONNECTOR (ONE OF TWO AS VIEWED FROM REAR OF CHASSIS)..... 5-36
FIGURE 6–1.
FIGURE 6–2.
FIGURE 6–3.
FIGURE 6–4.
FIGURE 6–5.
FIGURE 6–6.
POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATED CIRCUITRY, BLOCK DIAGRAM ....................... 6-1
POWER CABLE DIAGRAM .................................................................................................. 6-5
LOW VOLTAGE REGULATOR CIRCUITRY, BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................. 6-6
GENERAL SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION, FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM....................................... 6-7
FRONT PANEL (BEZEL) CONTROL/INDICATOR CONNECTOR ................................................ 6-8
WAKE-ON-LAN NIC CONNECTOR.................................................................................... 6-8
FIGURE B–1. ASCII CHARACTER SET ...................................................................................................B-1
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FIGURE C–1. KEYSTROKE PROCESSING ELEMENTS, BLOCK DIAGRAM ....................................................C-2
FIGURE C–2. KEYBOARD-TO-SYSTEM TRANSMISSION OF CODE 58H, TIMING DIAGRAM ..........................C-3
FIGURE C–3. U.S. ENGLISH (101-KEY) KEYBOARD KEY POSITIONS .......................................................C-4
FIGURE C–4. NATIONAL (102-KEY) KEYBOARD KEY POSITIONS ............................................................C-4
FIGURE C–5. U.S. ENGLISH WINDOWS (101W-KEY) KEYBOARD KEY POSITIONS ...................................C-5
FIGURE C–6. NATIONAL WINDOWS (102W-KEY) KEYBOARD KEY POSITIONS ........................................C-5
FIGURE C–7. U.S. ENGLISH WINDOWS (101WE-KEY) KEYBOARD KEY POSITIONS .................................C-6
FIGURE C–8. NATIONAL WINDOWS (102WE-KEY) KEYBOARD KEY POSITIONS ......................................C-6
FIGURE C–9. SCANNER ELEMENTS, BLOCK DIAGRAM ..........................................................................C-14
FIGURE C–10. SCANNER OPERATION FLOW CHART ..............................................................................C-16
FIGURE D–1.
FIGURE D–2.
FIGURE D–3.
FIGURE D–4.
FIGURE D–5.
FIGURE D–6.
FIGURE D–7.
AUDIO CARD LAYOUT ..................................................................................................... D-1
AUDIO CARD BLOCK DIAGRAM........................................................................................ D-3
ANALOG SIGNAL SAMPLING/QUANTIZING ........................................................................ D-4
DAC OPERATION ........................................................................................................... D-5
AUDIO CARD-TO-ISA BUS PCM AUDIO DATA FORMATS / BYTE ORDERING...................... D-6
FM SYNTHESIS PATCH .................................................................................................... D-7
AUDIO CAR-TO-ISA BUS FM AUDIO DATA FORMAT ........................................................ D-7
FIGURE E–1. ATI RAGE IIC AGP GRAPHICS CARD LAYOUT (COMPAQ P/N 332836-001) ......................... 1
FIGURE E–2. ATI RAGE IIC AGP GRAPHICS CARD BLOCK DIAGRAM ...................................................... 2
FIGURE E–3. ATI 3D RAGE IIC GRAPHICS CONTROLLER INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE ............................... 3
FIGURE E–4. VGA MONITOR CONNECTOR, (FEMALE DB-15, AS VIEWED FROM REAR)................................. 7
FIGURE E–5. MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR (40-PIN HEADER P1).................................................. 8
FIGURE F–1. ATI RAGE PRO AGP GRAPHICS CARD LAYOUT (P/N 008061-XXX) .................................... F-1
FIGURE F–2. ATI RAGE PRO AGP GRAPHICS CARD BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................. F-2
FIGURE F–3. ATI 3DRAGE PRO GRAPHICS CONTROLLER INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE ............................... F-3
FIGURE F–4. VGA MONITOR CONNECTOR, (FEMALE DB-15, AS VIEWED FROM REAR). ............................. F-7
FIGURE F–5. MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR (40-PIN HEADER P1)............................................... F-8
FIGURE G–1. DIAMOND FIRE AGP GRAPHICS CARD LAYOUT ................................................................. G-1
FIGURE G–2. DIAMOND FIRE AGP GRAPHICS CARD BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................... G-2
FIGURE G–3. SGS NVIDIA RIVA 128 GRAPHICS CONTROLLER INTERNAL ARCHITECTURE................... G-3
FIGURE G–4. VGA MONITOR CONNECTOR, (FEMALE DB-15, AS VIEWED FROM REAR). ........................... G-7
FIGURE G–5. MEDIA PORT CONNECTOR (26-PIN HEADER P1) ............................................................... G-8
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LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1–1. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ....................................................................................... 1-3
TABLE 2–1. ARCHITECTURAL COMPARISON............................................................................................. 2-6
TABLE 2–2. SUPPORT CHIPSETS ............................................................................................................ 2-9
TABLE 2–3. GRAPHICS SUBSYSTEM COMPARISON ................................................................................ 2-10
TABLE 2–4. ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................... 2-11
TABLE 2–5. ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................... 2-11
TABLE 2–6. PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................... 2-11
TABLE 2–7. DISKETTE DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................... 2-12
TABLE 2–8. 8X CD-ROM DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................ 2-12
TABLE 2–9. HARD DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................... 2-13
TABLE 3–1. PROCESSOR/MEMORY ARCHITECTURAL COMPARISON ........................................................... 3-1
TABLE 3–2. PENTIUM II COVINGTON PROCESSOR BUS/CORE SPEED SWITCH SETTINGS ....................... 3-4
TABLE 3–3. SPD ADDRESS MAP (SDRAM DIMM)................................................................................. 3-6
TABLE 3–4. HOST/PCI BRIDGE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS (443EX, FUNCTION 0) ................................ 3-8
TABLE 3–5. PENTIUM II MICROPROCESSOR BUS/CORE SPEED SWITCH SETTINGS .................................. 3-11
TABLE 3–6. HOST/PCI BRIDGE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS (443BX, FUNCTION 0) .............................. 3-13
TABLE 4–1. PCI BUS CONNECTOR PINOUT ............................................................................................ 4-3
TABLE 4–2. PCI BUS MASTERING DEVICES ........................................................................................... 4-4
TABLE 4–3. PCI DEVICE CONFIGURATION ACCESS ................................................................................ 4-6
TABLE 4–4. PCI FUNCTION CONFIGURATION ACCES.............................................................................. 4-7
TABLE 4–5. PCI DEVICE IDENTIFICATION ............................................................................................. 4-8
TABLE 4–6. PCI/ISA BRIDGE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS (82371, FUNCTION 0) .................................. 4-10
TABLE 4–7. PCI/AGP BRIDGE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS (82371, FUNCTION 1)................................. 4-14
TABLE 4–8. AGP BUS CONNECTOR PINOUT ......................................................................................... 4-15
TABLE 4–9. ISA EXPANSION CONNECTOR PINOUT............................................................................... 4-17
TABLE 4–10. DEFAULT DMA CHANNEL ASSIGNMENTS ....................................................................... 4-20
TABLE 4–11. DMA PAGE REGISTER ADDRESSES ................................................................................. 4-21
TABLE 4–12. DMA CONTROLLER REGISTERS...................................................................................... 4-22
TABLE 4–13. MASKABLE INTERRUPT PRIORITIES AND ASSIGNMENTS .................................................... 4-24
TABLE 4–14. MASKABLE INTERRUPT CONTROL REGISTERS .................................................................. 4-24
TABLE 4–15. INTERVAL TIMER FUNCTIONS ......................................................................................... 4-27
TABLE 4–16. INTERVAL TIMER CONTROL REGISTERS........................................................................... 4-27
TABLE 4–17. CLOCK GENERATION AND DISTRIBUTION ........................................................................ 4-28
TABLE 4–18. CONFIGURATION MEMORY (CMOS) MAP ....................................................................... 4-30
TABLE 4–19. SYSTEM I/O MAP ........................................................................................................... 4-46
TABLE 4–20. 82371 SOUTH BRIDGE GENERAL PURPOSE INPUT PORT UTILIZATION ............................... 4-47
TABLE 4–21. 82371 SOUTH BRIDGE GENERAL PURPOSE OUTPUT PORT UTILIZATION ............................ 4-48
TABLE 4–22. 87309 I/O CONTROLLER PNP STANDARD CONFIGURATION REGISTERS .............................. 4-49
TABLE 5–1. IDE PCI CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ................................................................................ 5-2
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TABLE 5–2. IDE BUS MASTER CONTROL REGISTERS ............................................................................. 5-3
TABLE 5–3. IDE ATA CONTROL REGISTERS ......................................................................................... 5-4
TABLE 5–4. IDE CONTROLLER COMMANDS .......................................................................................... 5-7
TABLE 5–5. 40-PIN IDE CONNECTOR PINOUT ....................................................................................... 5-9
TABLE 5–6. DISKETTE DRIVE CONTROLLER CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ............................................. 5-11
TABLE 5–7. DISKETTE DRIVE CONTROLLER REGISTERS ....................................................................... 5-12
TABLE 5–8. 34-PIN DISKETTE DRIVE CONNECTOR PINOUT ................................................................... 5-14
TABLE 5–9. DB-9 SERIAL CONNECTOR PINOUT ................................................................................... 5-15
TABLE 5–10. SERIAL INTERFACE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS.............................................................. 5-16
TABLE 5–11. SERIAL INTERFACE CONTROL REGISTERS ........................................................................ 5-17
TABLE 5–12. PARALLEL INTERFACE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ......................................................... 5-23
TABLE 5–13. PARALLEL INTERFACE CONTROL REGISTERS ................................................................... 5-24
TABLE 5–14. DB-25 PARALLEL CONNECTOR PINOUT .......................................................................... 5-27
TABLE 5–15. 8042-TO-KEYBOARD COMMANDS .................................................................................. 5-29
TABLE 5–16. KEYBOARD/MOUSE INTERFACE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ........................................... 5-30
TABLE 5–17. CPU COMMANDS TO THE 8042...................................................................................... 5-32
TABLE 5–18. KEYBOARD/POINTING DEVICE CONNECTOR PINOUT ........................................................ 5-34
TABLE 5–19. USB INTERFACE CONFIGURATION REGISTERS ................................................................. 5-35
TABLE 5–20. USB CONTROL REGISTERS ............................................................................................. 5-36
TABLE 5–21. USB CONNECTOR PINOUT .............................................................................................. 5-36
TABLE 6–1. POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................ 6-2
TABLE 7–1. PNP CLIENT MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS (INT15)................................................................ 7-4
TABLE 7–2. PNP BIOS FUNCTIONS ..................................................................................................... 7-19
TABLE 7–3. APM BIOS FUNCTIONS (INT15) ..................................................................................... 7-23
TABLE A–1. POWER-ON MESSAGES ..................................................................................................... A-1
TABLE A–2. BEEP/KEYBOARD LED CODES.......................................................................................... A-1
TABLE A–3. POWER-ON SELF TEST (POST) MESSAGES ........................................................................ A-2
TABLE A–4. PROCESSOR ERROR MESSAGES ......................................................................................... A-3
TABLE A–5. MEMORY ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................................. A-4
TABLE A–6. KEYBOARD ERROR MESSAGES .......................................................................................... A-4
TABLE A–7. PRINTER ERROR MESSAGES .............................................................................................. A-5
TABLE A–8. VIDEO (GRAPHICS) ERROR MESSAGES .............................................................................. A-5
TABLE A–9. DISKETTE DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES.................................................................................. A-6
TABLE A–10. SERIAL INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................. A-6
TABLE A–11. SERIAL INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................. A-7
TABLE A–12. HARD DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES ...................................................................................... A-8
TABLE A–13. HARD DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES ...................................................................................... A-9
TABLE A–14. HARD DRIVE MESSAGES ................................................................................................. A-9
TABLE A–15. AUDIO ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................................. A-10
TABLE A–16. NETWORK INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES ...................................................................... A-10
TABLE A–17. SCSI INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES ............................................................................. A-11
TABLE A–18. POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES........................................................... A-11
TABLE A–19. CEMM PRIVILEGED OPS ERROR MESSAGES.................................................................. A-12
TABLE A–20. CEMM EXCEPTION ERROR MESSAGES ......................................................................... A-12
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TABLE C–1.
TABLE C–2.
TABLE C–3.
TABLE C–4.
TABLE C–5.
KEYBOARD-TO-SYSTEM COMMANDS ...............................................................................C-10
KEYBOARD SCAN CODES .................................................................................................C-11
SCANNER PERFORMANCE CHART .....................................................................................C-17
SCANNER I/F SIGNALS .....................................................................................................C-18
SCANNER SPECIFICATIONS ...............................................................................................C-20
TABLE D–1. AUDIO MODE DIFFERENCES.............................................................................................. D-6
TABLE D–2. AUDIO CARD I/O MAP ..................................................................................................... D-9
TABLE D–3. COMPATIBILITY MODE AUDIO MIXER CONTROL REGISTER MAPPING ................................... D-9
TABLE D–4. EXTENDED MODE AUDIO MIXER CONTROL REGISTER MAPPING ........................................ D-10
TABLE D–5. FM SYNTHESIZER CONTROL REGISTER MAPPING .............................................................. D-10
TABLE D–6. AUDIO CARD SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................ D-11
TABLE E–1. 2D GRAPHICS DISPLAY MODES (W/EDO RAM) ...................................................................... 4
TABLE E–2. 3D GRAPHICS DISPLAY MODES ............................................................................................... 4
TABLE E–3. ATI RAGE IIC PCI CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS ....................................................... 5
TABLE E–4. STANDARD VGA MODE I/O MAPPING .................................................................................. 5
TABLE E–5. MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS ...................................................................... 6
TABLE E–6. DB-15 MONITOR CONNECTOR PINOUT ................................................................................. 7
TABLE E–7. MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR PINOUT ...................................................................... 8
TABLE F–1. 2D GRAPHICS DISPLAY MODES (W/SGRAM)........................................................................ F-4
TABLE F–2. 3D GRAPHICS DISPLAY MODES ............................................................................................ F-4
TABLE F–3. ATI RAGE PRO PCI CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS .................................................. F-5
TABLE F–4. STANDARD VGA MODE I/O MAPPING................................................................................ F-5
TABLE F–5. MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS.................................................................... F-6
TABLE F–6. DB-15 MONITOR CONNECTOR PINOUT ............................................................................... F-7
TABLE F–7. MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR PINOUT ................................................................... F-8
TABLE G–1. 2D GRAPHICS DISPLAY MODES (W/SGRAM)...................................................................... G-4
TABLE G–2. SGS NVIDA RIVA 128 PCI CONFIGURATION SPACE REGISTERS ...................................... G-5
TABLE G–3. STANDARD VGA MODE I/O MAPPING .............................................................................. G-5
TABLE G–4. MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONDITIONS .................................................................. G-6
TABLE G–5. DB-15 MONITOR CONNECTOR PINOUT ............................................................................. G-7
TABLE G–6. MEDIA PORT CONNECTOR PINOUT .................................................................................... G-8
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Compaq Deskpro EP Series Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION
1. Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1
ABOUT THIS GUIDE
This guide provides technical information about the Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal
Computers. This document includes information regarding system design, function, and features
that can be used by programmers, engineers, technicians, and system administrators.
1.1.1
USING THIS GUIDE
This guide consists of chapters and appendices. The chapters primarily describe the hardware
and firmware elements contained within the chassis and specifically deal with the system board
and the power supply assembly. The appendices contain general information about standard
peripheral devices such as the keyboard as well as separate audio or other interface cards, as well
as other general information in tabular format.
1.1.2
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SOURCES
This guide does not describe in detail other manufacturer’s components used in the product
covered. For more information on individual commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components refer
to the indicated manufacturers’ documentation. The products covered by this guide use
architecture based on industry-standard specifications that can be referenced for detailed
information.
Hardcopy documentation sources:
♦
♦
The Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Specification, Ver. 4.0
PCI Local Bus Specification Revision 2.1
Online information sources:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Compaq Computer Corporation: http://www.compaq.com
Intel Corporation: http://www.intel.com
National Semiconductor Incorporated: http://www.national.com
AGP forum: http://www.agpforum.org/index.htm
ATI Incorporated: http://www.atitech.com
NVIDIA Corp.: http://www.nvidia.com
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
1-1
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.2
NOTATIONAL CONVENTIONS
1.2.1
VALUES
Hexadecimal values are indicated by the letter “h” following an alpha-numerical value. Binary
values are indicated by the letter “b” following a value of ones and zeros. Memory addresses
expressed as “SSSS:OOOO” (SSSS = 16-bit segment, OOOO = 16-bit offset) can be assumed as
a hexadecimal value. Values that have no succeeding letter can be assumed to be decimal.
1.2.2
RANGES
Ranges or limits for a parameter are shown as a pair of values separated by two dots:
Example: Bits <7..4> = bits 7, 6, 5, and 4.
1.2.3
SIGNAL LABELS
Signal names are indicated using abbreviations, acronyms, or, if possible, the full signal name in
all capital letters. Signals that are meant to be active low are indicated with a dash immediately
following the name.
1.2.4
REGISTER NOTATION AND USAGE
This guide uses standard Intel naming conventions in discussing the microprocessor’s (CPU)
internal registers. Registers that are accessed through programmable I/O using an indexing
scheme are indicated using the following format:
03C5.17h
Index port
Data port
In the example above, register 03C5.17h is accessed by writing the index port value 17h to the
index address (03C4h), followed by a write to or a read from port 03C5h.
1.2.5
BIT NOTATION
Bit values are labeled with bit <0> representing the least-significant bit (LSb) and bit <7>
representing the most-significant bit (MSb) of a byte. Bytes, words, double words, and quad
words are typically shown with most-significant portions on the left or top and the leastsignificant portions on the right or bottom respectively.
1-2 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
1.3
COMMON ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Table 1-1 lists the acronyms and abbreviations used in this guide.
Table 1–1. Acronyms and Abbreviations
Table 1-1.
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Acronym/Abbreviation
A
AC
ACPI
A/D
AGP
API
APM
ASIC
AT
ATA
AVI
AVGA
BCD
BIOS
bis
BitBLT
BNC
bps or b/s
BSP
CAS
CD
CD-ROM
CDS
CF
CGA
Ch
CLUT
cm
CMC
CMOS
Cntlr
codec
CPQ
CPU
CRT
CSM
DAA
DAC
db
DC
DCH
DDC
DF
Description
ampere
alternating current
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
analog-to-digital
Accelerated graphics port
application programming interface
advanced power management
application-specific integrated circuit
1. attention (commands) 2. 286-based PC architecture
AT attachment (mode)
audio-video interleaved
Advanced VGA
binary-coded decimal
basic input/output system
second/new revision
bit block transfer
Bayonet Neill-Concelman (connector)
bits per second
Bootstrap processor
column address strobe
compact disk
compact disk read-only memory
compct disk system
carry flag
color graphics adapter
channel
color look-up table (pallete)
centimeter
cache/memory controller
complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor (configuration memory)
controller
compressor/decompressor
Compaq
central processing unit
cathode ray tube
Compaq system management / Compaq server management
direct access arrangement
digital-to-analog converter
decibel
direct current
DOS compatibility hole
Display Data Channel
direction flag
Continued
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
1-3
Chapter 1 Introduction
Table 1-1. Acronyms and Abbreviations Continued
Acronym/Abbreviation
DIMM
DIN
DIP
DMA
DMI
dpi
DRAM
DRQ
ECC
EDID
EDO
EEPROM
EGA
EIA
EISA
EPP
EIDE
ESCD
EV
ExCA
FIFO
FL
FM
FPM
FPU
ft
GB
GND
GPIO
GPOC
GUI
h
HW
hex
Hz
IDE
IEEE
IF
I/F
in
INT
I/O
IPL
IrDA
IRQ
ISA
JEDEC
Kb / KB
Kb/s
kg
KHz
kv
Description
dual inline memory module
Deutche IndustriNorm (connector standard)
dual inline package
direct memory access
Desktop management interface
dots per inch
dynamic random access memory
data request
error correction coding
extended display identification data
extended data out (RAM type)
electrically eraseable PROM
enhanced graphics adapter
Electronic Industry Association
extended ISA
enhanced parallel port
enhanced IDE
Extended System Configuration Data (format)
Environmental Variable (data)
Exchangeable Card Architecture
first in / first out
flag (register)
frequency modulation
fast page mode (RAM type)
Floating point unit (numeric or math coprocessor)
foot
gigabyte
ground
general purpose I/O
general purpose open-collector
graphics user interface
hexadecimal
hardware
hexadecimal
hertz
integrated drive element
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
interrupt flag
interface
inch
interrupt
input/output
initial program loader
InfraRed Data Association
interrupt request
industry standard architecture
Joint Electron Device Engineering Council
kilobits / kilobytes (x 1024 bits / x 1024 bytes)
kilobits per second
kilogram
kilohertz
kilovolt
Continued
1-4 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Table 1-1. Acronyms and Abbreviations Continued
Acronym/Abbreviation
lb
LCD
LED
LIF
LSI
LSb / LSB
LUN
MMX
MPEG
ms
MSb / MSB
mux
MVA
MVW
n
NIC
NiCad
NiMH
NMI
ns
NT
NTSC
NVRAM
OEM
OS
PAL
PC
PCI
PCM
PCMCIA
PF
PIN
PIO
POST
PROM
PTR
RAM
RAS
rcvr
RF
RGB
RH
RMS
ROM
RPM
RTC
R/W
Description
pound
liquid crystal display
light-emitting diode
low insertion force (socket)
large scale integration
least significant bit / least significant byte
logical unit (SCSI)
multimedia extensions
Motion Picture Experts Group
millisecond
most significant bit / most significant byte
multiplex
motion video acceleration
motion video window
variable parameter/value
network interface card/controller
nickel cadmium
nickel-metal hydride
non-maskable interrupt
nanosecond
nested task flag
National Television Standards Committee
non-volatile random access memory
original equipment manufacturer
operating system
1. programmable array logic 2. phase altering line
personal computer
peripheral component interconnect
pulse code modulation
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
parity flag
personal identification number
Programmed I/O
power-on self test
programmable read-only memory
pointer
random access memory
row address strobe
receiver
resume flag
red/green/blue (monitor input)
Relative humidity
root mean square
read-only memory
revolutions per minute
real time clock
read/write
Continued
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
1-5
Chapter 1 Introduction
Table 1-1. Acronyms and Abbreviations Continued
Acronym/Abbreviation
SCSI
SDRAM
SEC
SECAM
SF
SGRAM
SIMM
SIT
SMART
SMI
SMM
SMRAM
SPD
SPP
SRAM
STN
SVGA
SW
TAD
TAM
TCP
TF
TFT
TIA
TPE
TPI
TTl
TV
TX
UART
UDMA
us / µs
USB
UTP
V
VESA
VGA
vib
VLSI
VRAM
W
WRAM
ZF
ZIF
Description
small computer system interface
Synchronous Dynamic RAM
Single Edge-Connector
sequential colour avec memoire (sequential color with memory)
sign flag
Synchronous Graphics RAM
single in-line memory module
system information table
Self Monitor Analysis Report Technology
system management interrupt
system management mode
system management RAM
serial presence detect
standard parallel port
static RAM
super twist pneumatic
super VGA
software
telephone answering device
telephone answering machine
tape carrier package
trap flag
thin-film transistor
Telecommunications Information Administration
twisted pair ethernet
track per inch
transistor-transistor logic
television
transmit
universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter
Ultra DMA
microsecond
Universal Serial Bus
unshielded twisted pair
volt
Video Electronic Standards Association
video graphics adapter
vibrato
very large scale integration
Video RAM
watt
Windows RAM
zero flag
zero insertion force (socket)
1-6 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 2
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
2.
2.1
Chapter 2 SYSTEM OVERVIEW
INTRODUCTION
This chapter describes Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers (Figure 2-1) based on
the Pentium II Series of processors. The architecture employed by these systems incorporates the
PCI, AGP, and ISA buses. All models are easily upgradeable and expandable to keep pace with
business needs.
Figure 2–1. Compaq Deskpro EP Personal Computers with Monitor
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April1998
2-1
Chapter 2 System Overview
2.2
FEATURES
This section describes the standard and distinguishing features.
2.2.1
STANDARD FEATURES
The following standard features are included on all models:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
2.2.2
Celeron or Pentium II processor
3.5 inch, 1.44-MB diskette drive
Extended IDE controller support for up to four IDE drives
Hard drive fault prediction (SMART-compatible)
Two serial interfaces
Parallel interface
Two universal serial bus ports
Two or Three PCI slots (depending on model)
Two or three ISA slots (depending on model)
One combo ISA/PCI slot
Compaq Space Saver keyboard w/Windows support
Compaq PS/2-type mouse
Power management support (APM 1.2 and ACPI)
Plug ’n Play compatible (with ESCD support)
Intelligent Manageability features including:
• Asset management
• Fault management
• Security management
• Configuration management
• Integration management
OPTIONS
Options that are specific to the Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers include:
♦
System Memory: 16-MB DIMM
32-MB DIMM
64-MB DIMM
128-MB DIMM
Compaq Deskpro Computers are easily upgraded and enhanced with peripheral devices designed
to meet PCI and ISA standards. The Compaq Deskpro Personal Computers are compatible with
peripherals design for Plug ’n Play operation.
2-2
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
2.3
MECHANICAL DESIGN
2.3.1
CABINET LAYOUT
1
3
5
6
4
2
7
8
Desktop Configuration
Minitower Configuration [1]
Item
Function
1
Power On Light
2
Hard Drive Activity Light
3
Power Button
4
Internal Drive (3.5” drive bay)
5
Internal Drive (3.5” drive bay)
6
1.44 MB Diskette Drive (5.25” drive bay)
7
CD-ROM Drive (CDS models) (5.25“ drive bay)
8
Internal Drive 5.25” drive bay)
NOTES: [1] All units may be configured as either a desktop or a minitower.
Figure 2–2. Cabinet Layout, Front View
4
9
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
2
3
5
6
7
8
Function
AC Line In Connector
Line Voltage Select Switch
Universal serial bus interface (port A)
Universal serial bus interface (port B)
Keyboard connector
Mouse connector
Parallel interface
Serial interface A (COM1)
Serial interface B (COM2)
Video graphics connector
10
Figure 2–3. Cabinet Layout, Rear View
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April1998
2-3
Chapter 2 System Overview
2.3.2
CHASSIS LAYOUT
ATX Graphics
Board
(in AGP slot)
Chassis Fan [2]
Back
Audio Board
(in ISA slot) [1]
Power Supply
System Board [3]
Drive Bays
(with drivelocks)
Front
NOTE:
[1] Audio board present only on CDS models.
[2] Chassis fan only present on models using 66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) system board.
[3] 100-MHz slot 1 system board shown.
Figure 2–4. Chassis Layout, Top View
2-4
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
2.3.3
1
2
SYSTEM BOARD LAYOUT
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
20
9
10
20
19
11
12
18
17
19
11
12
18
13
13
14
14
15
15
17
16
66-MHz Slot 1 (2-DIMM) System Board
(ATX-type, P/N 008312-xxx)
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
NOTES:
16
100-MHz Slot 1 (3-DIMM) System Board
(ATX-type, P/N 009635-xxx)
Function
ISA expansion connectors
CMOS Battery
PCI expansion connectors
AGP connector (J40)
Serial connectors (J24): top, COM2; bottom, COM1
Parallel interface connector (J9)
Mouse connector (J8)
Keyboard connector (J7)
Universal serial ports (J6): top, port B; bottom, port A
Microprocessor (in slot 1 connector)
Chassis fan connector (P8)
DIMM sockets (J1-J3, top to bottom)
Power supply connector (P1)
Diskette drive connector (P10)
IDE hard drive connector (secondary) (P21)
IDE hard drive connector (primary) (P20)
CMOS/password clear jumper (E50)
Power LED/speaker/reset connector P5
Frequency select DIP switch (SW1)
Wake-on-LAN header P9
Notes
[1]
[2]
[3]
[1] On p/n 008312, J10-J12 left-to-right, J12 shares slot with PCI connector.
On p/n 009635, J11-J10 left-to-right, J10 shares slot with PCI connector.
[2] On p/n 008312, J22-J20 left-to-right, J22 shares slot with ISA connector.
On p/n 009635, J23-J20 left-to-right, J23 shares slot with ISA connector.
[3] Only two DIMM slots (J1, J2) on p/n 008312.
Figure 2–5. System Board Layout, Component Side
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April1998
2-5
Chapter 2 System Overview
2.4
SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
The Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers are based on Intel Celeron and Pentium
II processors matched with a support chipset that is complimentary in design. The system
architecture (Figure 2-6) utilizes three main buses: the Host bus, the Peripheral Component
Interconnect (PCI) bus, and the Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) bus.
The Host and memory buses provide high performance support for CPU, cache and system
memory accesses, and operate at 66 or 100 MHz, depending on the system board employed. The
PCI bus provides support for the graphics subsystem, the EIDE controllers, and expansion
devices and operates at 33 MHz. The ISA bus provides a standard 8-MHz interface for the
input/output (I/O) devices such as the keyboard, diskette drive, serial and parallel interfaces, as
well as the addition of 16- or 8-bit expansion devices.
This system also includes an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP). The AGP interface provides a 66MHz synchronous coupling with the Host bus. The system comes standard with an AGP 1X
graphics adapter.
The support chipset consists of the 443EX/BX system controller (north bridge) and the 82371
ISA/IDE accelerator (south bridge). These components control the Host/Memory/PCI
transactions and provide the IDE and USB functions.
The National PC87309 I/O controller includes the standard I/O interfaces and the diskette drive
controller.
Table 2-1 lists the architectural components of the system:
Table 2–1. Architectural Comparison
Table 2-1.
Architectural Comparison
Processor Type
CPU Speed (MHz)
Host Bus speed (MHz)
Hard Drive
CD-ROM & Audio Card
PCI Exp. Connectors
ISA Exp. Connectors
Support Chipset
System Memory:
# of DIMM sockets
Standard
Maximum installable
Graphics Controller
Model 2100
Celeron
Model 6350
Pentium II
Model 6400
Pentium II
Model 8400
Pentium II
266
66
2. GB
Optional
3 [1]
3 [1]
440EX
Model 3200
Celeron/
Pentium II
266/300/333
66
3.2 GB
CDS models
3 [1]
3 [1]
440EX
350
100
6.4 GB
CDS models
4 [1]
2 [1]
440BX
400
100
6.4 GB
CDS models
4 [1]
2 [1]
440BX
400
100
8.4 GB
CDS models
4 [1]
2 [1]
440BX
2
16 MB
256 MB
ATI Rage IIc
AGP Card
2
32 MB
256 MB
ATI Rage IIc
AGP Card
3
64 MB
384 MB
ATI RagePro
AGP Card
3
64 MB
384 MB
ATI RagePro
AGP Card
3
128 MB
384 MB
Diamond Fire
AGP CArd
NOTES:
[1] One PCI and one ISA connector shared a common slot.
The following subsections provide a description of the key functions and subsystems. The
Deskpro EP Series uses two types of system boards (66-MHz slot 1 and 100-MHz slot 1). Note
that many discussions throughout this guide are based according to system board.
2-6
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Processor
(in Slot 1)
64-Bit 66-/100-MHz Host Bus
Graphics
Cntlr. Card
32-Bit 66-MHz
AGP Bus
AGP Connector
Ultra SCSI
Controller
64-Bit
66-/100-MHz
Mem. Bus
82443
(North
Bridge)
Ultra SCSI
Hard Drive
System
Memory
32-Bit 33-MHz
PCI Bus
IDE
Hard Drive
IDE
Hard Drive
PCI Connectors [1]
Pri.
IDE I/F
Sec.
IDE I/F
82371
(South
Bridge)
Audio
Beep Audio
USB
I/F (2)
16-Bit 8-MHz ISA Bus
Audio
Subsystem
BIOS ROM
and Buffers
ISA Connector
ISA Connectors [2]
PC 87309 I/O Controller
Keyboard/
Mouse I/F
Diskette
I/F
Serial
I/F (2)
Parallel
I/F
Power
Supply
NOTES:
[1] 3 PCI connectors on 66-MHz slot 1 system.
4 PCI connectors on 100-MHz slot 1 system.
[2] 3 ISA connectors (total) on 66-MHz slot 1 system.
2 ISA connectors (total) on 100-MHz slot 1 systrem.
Refer to Table 2-1.
Figure 2–6. System Architecture, Block diagram
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April1998
2-7
Chapter 2 System Overview
2.4.1
PROCESSOR
The Intel Celeron and Pentium II processors are backward-compatible with software written for
x86-type and includes the dual-ALU central processing unit (CPU) with branch prediction
support and an integrated L1 cache along with a math coprocessor.
The Intel Celeron processor is a cost-efficient design with the Host bus interface operating at 66
MHz and no L2 cache. This 266-MHz processor is mounted on an open board (with a passive
heat sink) that installs in slot 1and held in place by “goal-post” retainers.
The Intel Pentium II processor includes a 512-KB secondary (L2) cache and is packaged in a
single-edge-connector (SEC) cartridge. The 266-, 300- and 333-MHz processors use a 66-MHz
Host bus interface. The 350- and 400-MHz processors use a 100-MHz Host bus interface. The
SEC cartridge mounts in slot 1 using locking retainers.
Intel Celeron Processor
Intel Pentium II Processor
Dual-ALU
CPU w/MMX
32-KB
L1 Cache
Dual-ALU
CPU w/MMX
32-KB
L1 Cache
Branch
Prediction
Dual Pipeline
Math Coproc.
Branch
Prediction
Dual Pipeline
Math Coproc.
512-KB
L2
Cache
(Mounted in Slot 1 Connector)
Figure 2–7. Processor Architectural Comparison Diagram
The slot 1 processor mounting system allows for easy replacing and/or upgrading. Refer to
chapter 3 for details concerning exchangeability between processor types in a particular system.
2.4.2
MEMORY
The 66-MHz slot 1 system board includes two 168-pin DIMM sockets allowing expansion up to
256 megabytes. The 100-MHz slot 1 system board provides three 168-pin DIMM sockets
allowing expansion up 384 megabytes. On all models SDRAM modules are recommended and
parity is not used. On 100-MHz slot 1 systems ECC memory is supported.
All models use an easily-upgradeable flash ROM component that contains the BIOS, setup
utility, PCI, and ESCD data.
2-8
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
2.4.3
SUPPORT CHIPSET
Table 2-2 shows the chipsets used for the Deskpro 2000 systems with MMX technology.
Table 2–2. Support Chipsets
Table 2-2.
Support Chipsets
Function
North Bridge:
Memory Controller
Host/PCI Bridge
Host/AGP Bridge
South Bridge:
PCI/ISA Bridge
EIDE Controller
DMA Controller
Interrupt Controller
Timer/Counter
NMI Registers
Reset Control Reg.
USB I/F (2)
RTC/Configuration memory
I/O Controller:
Diskette I/F
Serial I/F
Parallel I/F
NOTE:
[1] 82443EX on 66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) system.
82443BX on 100-MHz slot 1 (3-DIMM) system.
2.4.4
Component Type
82443 [1]
“
“
82371
“
“
“
“
“
“
“
“
“
87309
“
“
“
MASS STORAGE
All models include a 3.5 inch 1.44-MB diskette drive installed. A 5.2-GB EIDE hard drive is
also installed. All models include a PCI bus-mastering Enhanced IDE (EIDE) controller that
provides two EIDE interfaces supporting up to four IDE devices operating in Ultra ATA modes.
Master/slave drive selection is determined using the cable-select method, eliminating the need to
move jumpers when re-configuring drives.
2.4.5
SERIAL AND PARALLEL INTERFACES
This system includes two serial and one parallel port accessable at the rear of the unit chassis.
The serial and parallel ports are integrated into the I/O Controller component. The serial port is
RS-232-C/16550-compatible and operates at baud rates up to 115,200. The parallel interface is
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP1.9) and Enhanced Capability Port (ECP) compatible and supports
bi-directional data transfers.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April1998
2-9
Chapter 2 System Overview
2.4.6
UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS INTERFACE
This system features two Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports that provide a high speed interface for
future systems and/or peripherals. The USB operates at 12 Mbps and provides hot
plugging/unplugging (Plug ’n Play) functionality.
2.4.7
GRAPHICS SUBSYSTEM
The graphics subsystem is contained on an AGP expansion board. Three types of graphics cards
are employed depending on model as indicated in Table 2-3.
Table 2–3. Graphics Subsystem Comparison
Table 2-3.
Graphics Subsystem Comparison
Graphics Card
Graphics Memory
Max. 2D Resolution
w/ supplied mem.
Model 2100/3200
ATI Rage IIC
2 MB EDO
1600x1200 @ 256 colors
Model 6350/6400
ATI RagePro
2 MB SGRAM soldered w/
2 MB SGRAM SODIMM
1600x1200 @ 65K colors
2-10 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Model 8400
Diamond Fire
4 MB SGRAM
1600x1200 @ 65K colors
Technical Reference Guide
2.5
SPECIFICATIONS
This section includes the environmental, electrical, and physical specifications for the Compaq
DESKPRO 2000 Series Personal Computers.
Table 2–4. Environmental Specifications
Table 2-4.
Environmental Specifications
Parameter
Operating
o
o
o
o
Air Temperature
50 to 95 F (10 to 35 C)
Shock
N/A
Vibration
0.000215g^ 2/hz, 10-300 Hz [1]
o
Humidity
80% RH @ 36 C (no hard drive)
Maximum Altitude
10,000 ft (3048 m)
NOTE:
Values are subject to change without notice.
[1] 0.5 grms nominal
Nonoperating
o
o
o
o
-24 to 140 F (-30 to 60 C)
60.0 g for 2 ms half-sine pulse
0.0005g^ 2/Hz, 10-500 Hz [1]
o
95% RH @ 36 C
30,000 ft (9,144 m)
Table 2–5. Electrical Specifications
Table 2-5.
Electrical Specifications
Parameter
Input Line Voltage:
Nominal:
Maximum:
Input Line Frequency Range:
Nominal:
Maximum:
Power Supply:
Maximum Continuous Power:
Maximum Peak Power:
Maximum Line Current Draw:
Domestic
International
100 - 120 VAC
90 - 132 VAC
200 - 240 VAC
180 - 264 VAC
50 - 60 Hz
47 - 63 Hz
50 - 60 Hz
47 - 63 Hz
145 watts
200 watts
5.5 A
145 watts
200 watts
3.0 A
Table 2–6. Physical Specifications
Table 2-6.
Physical Specifications
Parameter
Desktop
Height
6.60 inches (16.76 cm)
Width
17.65 inches (44.83 cm)
Depth
17.11 inches (43.46 cm)
Weight
33 lb. (14.95 kg)
NOTES:
Metric measurements shown in parenthesis.
[1] Desktop unit configured as minitower.
Minitower [1]
17.65 inches (44.83 cm)
6.60 inches (16.76 cm)
17.11 inches (43.46 cm)
33 lb. (14.95 kg)
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers 2-11
First Edition–- April1998
Chapter 2 System Overview
Table 2–7. Diskette Drive Specifications
Table 2-7.
Diskette Drive Specifications
Paramemter
Media Type
Height
Bytes per Sector
Sectors per Track:
High Density
Low Density
Tracks per Side:
High Density
Low Density
Read/Write Heads
Average Access Time:
Track-to-Track (high/low)
Average (high/low)
Settling Time
Latency Average
Measurement
3.5 in 1.44 MB/720 KB diskette
1/3
512
18
9
80
80
2
3 ms/3 ms
94 ms/94ms
15 ms
100 ms
Table 2–8. 8x CD-ROM Drive Specifications
Table 2-8.
24x CD-ROM Drive Specifications
Paramemter
Transfer Rate
Media Type
Center Hole Diameter
Disc Diameter
Disc Thickness
Track Pitch
Laser
Beam Divergence
Output Power
Type
Wave Length
Average Access Time:
Random
Full Stroke
Audio Output Level
Cache Buffer
Measurement
3600 KB/s
Mode 1,2, Mixed Mode, CD-DA,
Photo CD, Cdi, CD-XA
15 mm
8/12 cm
1.2 mm
1.6 um
53.5 +/- 1.5 °
53.6 0.14 mW
GaAs
790 +/- 25 nm
100 ms
200 ms
0.7 Vrms
128 KB
2-12 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Table 2–9. Hard Drive Specifications
Table 2-9.
Hard Drive Specifications
Capacity
Interface
Drive Type
Drive Size
Transfer Rate
Access Time (w/settling)
Buffer Size
Disk RPM
Ultra DMA Support
PIO Support
SMART Level Support
2.1 GB
EIDE
65
3.5 in
33.3 MB/s
12 ms
128 K
4500
Mode 2
Mode 4
SMART 2
3.2 GB
EIDE
65
3.5 in
33.3 MB/s
12 ms
128 K
4500
Mode 2
Mode 4
SMART 2
6.4 GB
EIDE
65
3.5 in
33.3 MB/s
10 ms
128 K
5400
Mode 2
Mode 4
SMART 2
8.4 MB
EIDE
65
3.5 in
33.3 MB/s
10 ms
128 K
5400
Mode 2
Mode 4
SMART 2
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers 2-13
First Edition–- April1998
Chapter 2 System Overview
This page is intentionally blank.
2-14 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 3
PROCESSOR/
MEMORY SUBSYSTEM
3.
Chapter 3 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM
3.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter describes the processor/cache memory subsystem of the Compaq Deskpro EP Series
of Personal Computers. Table 3-1 lists the key parameters of the processor/memory subsystem.
Table 3–1. Processor/Memory Architectural Comparison
Table 3-1.
Processor/Memory
Architectural Comparison
266-MHz
Celeron Processor
82443EX
66 MHz
North Bridge
Host Bus (Slot 1) Frequency
Cache Memory [1]:
L1
32 KB
L2
none
System Memory:
No. of DIMM sockets
2
Standard installed
16/32 MB
Expandable to
256 MB
NOTES:
[1] Integrated into the processor cartridge
266-/300-/333-MHz
Pentium II Processor
82443EX
66 MHz
350-/400-MHz
Pentium II Processor
82443BX
100 MHz
32 KB
512 KB
32 KB
512 KB
2
32 MB
256 MB
3
64/128 MB
384 MB
This description architecturally classifies the processor/memory subsystems as being either a 66MHz slot 1 type or a 100-MHz slot 1 type (correlating to the two system board types).
This chapter includes the following topics:
♦
♦
66-MHz slot 1 processor/memory subsystem [3.2]
100-MHz slot 1 processor/memory subsystem [3.3]
page 3-2
page 3-9
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
3-1
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
3.2
66-MHz SLOT 1 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM
Systems using the 66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) system board feature the Intel Celeron or Pentium II
processor and employ the 82443EX system controller and 16 or 32 megabytes of system memory
expandable to 256 megabytes.
Processor
(in Slot 1)
66-MHz
64-Bit Host Bus
66-MHz
32-Bit
AGP Bus
Graphics
Card
System Memory
Cntl
J1
J2
32-MB
DIMM
DIMM
64-Bit 66-MHz
Mem. Data Bus
Host/PCI
Controller
(82443EX)
Mem. Addr.
32-Bit 33-MHz PCI Bus
Optional module
Figure 3–1. 66-MHz Slot 1 Processor/Memory Subsystem Architecture
The processor is mounted in a slot 1-type connector that facilitates easy changing/upgrading.
Replacing the processor may require reconfiguring DIP switch SW1 to select the correct bus
frequency/core frequency combination. Frequency selection is described in detail later in this
section.
The 443EX system controller provides the Host/PCI bridge functions and controls data transfers
with system memory over the 64-bit memory data bus. An economic version of its predecessor
the 443LX, the 443EX supports only two SDRAM, EDO, or FPM DIMMs. The system memory
can be expanded to 256 megabytes.
3-2 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
3.2.1
CELERON PROCESSOR
The Intel Celeron Processor (Figure 3-2) is contained on a PC board onto which is mounted a
passive heat sink. The board installs into a Slot 1-type connector on the system board, allowing
easy replacing/upgrading of the processor/cache memory complex. This processor includes a
dual-ALU MMX-supporting CPU, branch prediction logic, dual-pipeline math coprocessor, and a
32-KB cache that is split into two 16-KB 4-way, set-associative caches for handling code and
data separately. The Host bus interface operates at 66 MHz while core processing occurs at 266
MHz, and the processor is backward-compatible with software written for previous x86
microprocessors.
Celeron Processor
Dual-ALU
CPU w/MMX
32-KB
L1 Cache
Branch
Prediction
Dual Pipeline
Math Coproc.
Figure 3–2. Celeron Processor Internal Architecture
3.2.2
PENTIUM II PROCESSOR
The Intel Pentium II processor (Figure 3-3) is contained in a single-edge connector (SEC)
cartridge that installs into a Slot 1-type connector on the system board, allowing easy
replacing/upgrading of the processor/cache memory complex. This processor includes the
functional components of the 266-MHz processor and includes a 512-KB write-through L2
cache. The L2 cache operates at half the speed of the core processor. The front side (Host) bus
interface operates at 66 MHz while core processing occurs at 266, 300 or 333 MHz, depending
on version. This processor is backward-compatible with software written for x86-type
microprocessors.
Pentium II Processor
Dual-ALU
CPU w/MMX
32-KB
L1 Cache
Branch
Prediction
Dual Pipeline
Math Coproc.
512-KB
L2
Cache
Figure 3–3. Pentium II Processor Internal Architecture
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
3-3
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
3.2.3
PROCESSOR CHANGING/UPGRADING
The slot 1 design allows for easy changing and/or upgrading of the microprocessor/cache
complex.
NOTE: The Celeron processor-based system board employs retention uprights
specifically designed for the Celeron processor board. The Pentium II processor-based
system board can functionally accept the Celeron processor although the cartridgeretention uprights will not hold the Celeron processor board securely and could cause
problems if the system unit is moved. The board retainers on the Celeron processorbased system board will not accept the Pentium II SEC cartridge.
In changing the processor, two key areas (aside from the physical limitations previously
described) should be considered: thermal characteristics and operating speed (core voltage is
automatically set by the processor as discussed in chapter 6).
Thermal Considerations
The factory-installed processor includes a passive heat sink. The processor includes an internal
temperature sensor that will shut down the CPU if the cartridge overheats. When the processor
temperature reaches 135° C the processor will assert the THERMTRIP signal that system board
logic uses to shut down the clock generator. The THERMTRIP signal is also used to activate the
circuit that causes the power LED to blink at 4 Hz, indicating the excessive heat condition.
Upgrade processors may include a fan-cooled heat sink.
Processor Speed Selection
Changing the processor may require re-configuration of the bus/core frequency ratio. The 66MHz slot 1system board includes a six-position DIP switch (SW), of which four positions are
used to select the bus-to-core frequency ratio of the processor. Table 3-2 shows the possible
switch configurations for this system and the resultant core (or processing) frequency, based on
the bus frequency.
Table 3–2. Pentium II COVINGTON Processor Bus/Core Speed Switch Settings
Table 3-2.
66-MHz Slot 1 System Board
Bus/Core Speed Switch Settings
DIP SW1 Settings
2 3 4 5 [1]
1100
0010
0110
1010
Bus/Core
Freq. Ratio
2/7
1/4
2/9
1/5
Core Frequency
(66 MHz Host Bus)
233
266
300
333
NOTE:
Shipping configurations are unshaded. DIP
switches should be set to match the
processor installed. Configuring for a speed
higher than that which the processor is
designed could result in unreliable operation
and possible system damage.
[1] 0 = Switch closed (On)
1 = Switch open (Off)
The processor sets the clock generator to the appropriate bus frequency. Software can determine
the operating speed by reading the bus-to-core frequency ratio and the bus speed from an MSR
register in the processor.
3-4 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
3.2.4
SYSTEM MEMORY
The 66-MHz slot 1 system board contains two 168-pin DIMM sockets for system memory. This
system provides optimum performance with SDRAM DIMMs. As shipped from the factory the
standard configuration has 32 megabytes of SDRAM installed and is expandable up to a
maximum of 256 megabytes. Single and/or double-sided DIMMs may be used. Different DRAM
technologies (16-Mb, 64-Mb) and different widths (x8, x16, x32) may be mixed . In expanding
the standard memory using modules from third party suppliers the following DIMM type is
recommended: 66-MHz unbuffered SDRAM supporting CAS latency (CL) 2 or 3 with a
data access time (clock-to-data out) of 9.0 ns or less @ CL=2 or CL=3.
In addition to the supplied (and recommended) SDRAM, the system supports EDO and FPM
RAM. The 443EX north bridge does not support ECC memory. The RAM type and operating
parameters are detected during POST by the system BIOS using the serial presence detect (SPD)
method. This method employs an I2C bus to communicate with an EEPROM on each installed
DIMM. The EEPROM holds the type and operating parameter data.
The supported format complies with the JEDEC specification for 128-byte EEPROMs. This
system also provides support for 256-byte EEPROMs to include additional Compaq-added
features such as part number and serial number. The SPD format as supported in this system is
shown in Table 3-3.
The key SPD bytes that BIOS checks for compatibility are 2, 9, 10, 18, 23, and 24. If BIOS
detects a mix of SDRAM and EDO DIMMs only the SDRAM DIMMs will be enabled. The
4430EX north bridge does not recognize ECC DIMMs.
Once BIOS determines the DIMM type the DRAM speed and CAS latency is checked based on
the following criteria:
Bus Speed
66 MHz
Cycle Time
15 ns
Access
from
Clock
9 ns
Only CAS latencies of 2 or 3 are supported. If DIMMs with unequal CAS latencies are installed
then operation will occur based on the DIMM with the greatest latency.
If an incompatible DIMM is detected the NUM LOCK will blink for a short period of time during
POST and message may or may not be displayed before the system hangs.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
3-5
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
Table 3–3. SPD Address Map (SDRAM DIMM)
Table 3-3.
SPD Address Map (SDRAM DIMM)
Byte
0
1
2
3
4
5
6, 7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
NOTES:
Description
No. of Bytes Written Into EEPROM
Total Bytes (#) In EEPROM
Memory Type
No. of Row Addresses On DIMM
No. of Column Addresses On DIMM
No. of Module Banks On DIMM
Data Width of Module
Voltage Interface Standard of DIMM
Cycletime @ Max CAS Latency (CL)
Access From Clock
Config. Type (Parity, Nonparity, etc.)
Refresh Rate/Type
Width, Primary DRAM
Error Checking Data Width
Min. Clock Delay
Burst Lengths Supported
No. of Banks For Each Mem. Device
CAS Latencies Supported
CS# Latency
Write Latency
DIMM Attributes
Memory Device Attributes
Min. CLK Cycle Time at CL X-1
Max. Acc. Time From CLK @ CL X-1
Min. CLK Cycle Time at CL X-2
Max. Acc. Time From CLK @ CL X-2
Notes
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[4]
[4] [5]
[6]
[4]
[4]
[4]
[4]
Byte
27
28
29
30, 31
32-61
62
63
64-71
72
73-90
91, 92
93, 94
95-98
99-125
126, 127
128-131
132
133-145
146
147
148-255
Description
Min. Row Prechge. Time
Min. Row Active to Delay
Min. RAS to CAS Delay
Reserved
Superset Data
SPD Revision
Checksum Bytes 0-62
JEP-106E ID Code
DIMM OEM Location
OEM’s Part Number
OEM’s Rev. Code
Manufacture Date
OEM’s Assembly S/N
OEM Specific Data
Reserved
Compaq header “CPQ1”
Header checksum
Unit serial number
DIMM ID
Checksum
Reserved
Notes
[7]
[7]
[7]
[7]
[7]
[8]
[8]
[8]
[8]
[8]
[8]
[8]
[9]
[9]
[9] [10]
[9] [11]
[9]
[9]
[7]
[7]
[7]
[7]
[1] Programmed as 128 bytes by the DIMM OEM
[2] Must be programmed to 256 bytes.
[3] High-order bit defines redundant addressing: if set (1), highest order RAS# address must be
re-sent as highest order CAS# address.
[4] Refer to memory manufacturer’s datasheet
[5] MSb is Self Refresh flag. If set (1), assembly supports self refresh.
[6] Back-to-back random column addresses.
[7] Field format proposed to JEDEC but not defined as standard at publication time.
[8] Field specified as optional by JEDEC but required by this system.
[9] Compaq usage. This system requires that the DIMM EEPROM have this
space available for reads/writes.
[10] Serial # in ASCII format (MSB is 133). Intended as backup identifier in case vender data is invalid.
Can also be used to indicate s/n mismatch and flag system adminstrator of possible system
Tampering.
[11] Contains the socket # of the module (first module is “1”). Intended as backup identifier (refer to
note [10]).
3-6 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Figure 3-4 shows the system memory map for the system.
FFFF FFFFh
FFE0 0000h
FFDF FFFFh
FEC1 0000h
FEC0 FFFFh
FEC0 0000h
FEBF FFFFh
Host,
PCI, AGP Area
4 GB
High BIOS Area
(2 MB)
PCI Memory
(18 MB)
APIC Config. Space
(64 KB)
PCI Memory
Expansion
(2548 MB)
4000 0000h
3FFF FFFFh
1 GB
Host/PCI Memory
Expansion
(1008 MB)
Host, PCI,
ISA Area
0100 0000h
00FF FFFFh
0010 0000h
000F FFFFh
000F 0000h
000E FFFFh
000E 0000h
000D FFFFh
16 MB
Extended Memory
(15 MB)
System BIOS Area
(64 KB)
1 MB
Extended BIOS Area
(64 KB)
Option ROM
(128 KB)
000C 0000h
000B FFFFh
Graphics/SMRAM
RAM (128 KB)
DOS Compatibility
Area
000A 0000h
0009 FFFFh
640 KB
Fixed Mem. Area
(128 KB)
512 KB
0008 0000h
0007 FFFFh
Base Memory
(512 KB)
0000 0000h
NOTE: All locations in memory are cacheable. Base memory is always mapped to DRAM. The next 128 KB fixed
memory area can, through the north bridge, be mapped to DRAM or to PCI space. Graphics RAM area is mapped
to PCI or AGP locations.
Figure 3–4. System Memory Map
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
3-7
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
3.2.5
SUBSYSTEM CONFIGURATION
The 443EX component provides the configuration function for the processor/memory subsystem.
Table 3-4 lists the configuration registers used for setting and checking such parameters as
memory control and PCI bus operation. These registers reside in the PCI Configuration Space
and accessed using the methods described in Chapter 4, section 4.2.
Table 3–4. Host/PCI Bridge Configuration Registers (443EX, Function 0)
Table 3-4.
Host/PCI Bridge Configuration Registers (82443EX, Function 0)
PCI Config.
Addr.
00, 01h
02, 03h
04, 05h
06, 07h
08h
09..0Bh
0Dh
0Eh
10..13h
50, 51h
53h
55..56h
57h
58h
59..5Fh
60..67h
68h
Register
Vender ID
Device ID
Command
Status
Revision ID
Class Code
Latency Timer
Header Type
Aperture Base Config.
PAC Config. Reg.
Data Buffer Control
DRAM Row Type
DRAM Control
DRAM Timing
PAM 0..6 Registers
DRAM Row Boundary
Fixed DRAM Hole
Reset
Value
8086h
7180h
0006h
0210h
03h
-00h
00h
8
00h
83h
00h
01h
00h
00h
01h
00h
PCI Config.
Addr.
6A, 6Bh
6C..6Fh
70h
71h
72h
90h
91h
92h
93h
A0..A3h
A4..A7h
A8..ABh
B0..B3h
B4h
B8..BBh
BCh
BDh
Register
DRAM Control Reg.
Memory Buffer Strength
Multi-Transaction Timer
CPU Latency Timer
SMRAM Control
Error Command
Error Status Register 0
Error Status Register 1
Reset Control
AGP Capability Identifier
AGP Status
AGP Command
AGP Control
Aperture Size
Aperture Translation Table
Aperture I/F Timer
Low Priority Timer
NOTES:
Refer to Intel Inc. documentation for detailed description of registers.
Assume unmarked locations/gaps are reserved.
3-8 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Reset
Value
00h
55h
00h
10h
02h
00h
00h
00h
00h
N/A
N/A
00h
00h
0000h
0000h
00h
00h
Technical Reference Guide
3.3
100-MHz SLOT 1 PROCESSOR/MEMORY SUBSYSTEM
Systems using the 100-MHz slot 1 (3-DIMM) system board feature the 350- or 400-MHz
Pentium II processor with an 82443BX system controller (north bridge) and 64 megabytes of
system memory expandable to 384 megabytes (Figure 3-5).
Pentium II
SEC Cartridge
(in Slot 1)
100-MHz
64-Bit Host Bus
66-MHz
32-Bit
AGP Bus
Graphics
Card
System Memory
Cntl
J1
J2
J3
64-MB
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
64-Bit 100-MHz
Mem. Data Bus
Host/PCI
Controller
(82443BX)
Mem. Addr.
32-Bit 33-MHz PCI Bus
Optional module
Figure 3–5. 100-MHz Slot 1 Processor/Memory Subsystem Architecture
The Pentium II processor is mounted in a slot 1-type connector that facilitates easy
changing/upgrading. Replacing the processor may require reconfiguring DIP switch SW1 to
select the correct bus frequency/core frequency combination. Frequency selection is described in
detail later in this section.
The 443BX system controller provides the Host/PCI bridge functions and controls data transfers
with system memory over the 64-bit memory data bus. This system supports SDRAM and ECC
DIMMs and can be expanded to 384 megabytes.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
3-9
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
3.3.1
PENTIUM II PROCESSOR
The Intel Pentium II processor is packaged in a Single Edge Connector (SEC) cartridge that
contains the microprocessor and 512-KB secondary (L2) cache (Figure 3-6). The cartridge
installs into a Slot 1-type connector on the system board, allowing easy replacing/upgrading of
the processor/cache memory complex.
Pentium II Processor
Dual-ALU
CPU w/MMX
32-KB
L1 Cache
Branch
Prediction
Dual Pipeline
Math Coproc.
512-KB
L2
Cache
Figure 3–6. 350-/400-MHz Pentium II Processor Internal Architecture
The Pentium II processor is software-compatible with earlier generation x86 microprocessors.
The microprocessor includes a dual-ALU MMX-supporting CPU, branch prediction logic, dualpipeline math coprocessor, and a 32-KB cache that is split into two 16-KB 4-way, set-associative
caches for handling code and data separately. Processing occurs at 350- or 400-MHz depending
on version.
The Pentium II processor includes 512 kilobytes of SRAM for the L2 cache. Accesses with the
L2 cache occur at half the processor core speed. The front side (Host) bus of the processor
operates at 100 MHz.
3.3.1.1 MMX Technology
The CPU of the Pentium II supports 57 additional instructions for accelerating multimedia and
communications applications. Such applications often involve compute-intensive loops that can
take up as much as 90 percent of CPU execution time. The MMX logic, using a parallel
processing technique called Single Instruction-Multiple Data (SIMD), processes 64 bits of data at
a time. The MMX instructions are designed to take advantage of the dual-pipeline CPU as well
as help the programmer in avoiding branches in code. Specific applications that benefit from
MMX technology include 2D/3D graphics, audio, speech recognition, video codecs, and data
compression.
NOTE: MMX operations utilize a portion of the floating point registers of the
integrated math coprocessor. Programmers should avoid the mixing of MMX and
floating point code, which would reduce performance.
3-10 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
3.3.1.2 Processor Changing/Upgrading
The slot 1 design allows for easy changing and/or upgrading of the microprocessor/cache
complex. The 100-MHz Slot 1 system board functionally supports all current Pentium II series
processors. The mounting (retention) consideration for the Celeron processor is the same as that
which is discussed in section 3.2.3. When changing the processor, two key areas should be
considered: thermal characteristics and operating speed.
Thermal Considerations
The SEC cartridge includes a passive heat sink. The Pentium II processor includes an internal
temperature sensor that will shut down the CPU if the cartridge overheats. When the cartridge
temperature reaches 135°C the processor will assert the THERMTRIP signal that system board
logic uses to shut down the clock generator. The THERMTRIP signal is also used to activate the
circuit that causes the power LED to blink, indicating the excessive heat condition. Upgrade
processors may include a fan-cooled heat sink.
Processor Speed Selection
Changing the processor may require re-configuration of the bus/core frequency ratio. The 100MHz slot 1 system board includes a six-position DIP switch (SW), of which four positions are
used to select the bus-to-core frequency ratio of the Pentium II. Table 3-5 shows the possible
switch configurations for this system and the resultant core (or processing) frequency, based on
the bus frequency.
Table 3–5. Pentium II Microprocessor Bus/Core Speed Switch Settings
Table 3-5.
100-MHz Slot 1 System Board
Bus/Core Speed Switch Settings
DIP SW1 Settings
Bus/Core
Core Frequency
2 3 4 5 [1]
Freq. Ratio
66-MHz Bus
100-MHz Bus
1000
1/3
200
300
1100
2/7
233
350
0010
1/4
266
400
0110
2/9
300
450
1010
1/5
333
500
NOTES:
Shipping configurations are unshaded. Board tested @ 100 MHz only.
[1] 0 = Switch Closed (On), 1 = Switch Open (Off)
The processor sets the clock generator to the appropriate bus frequency. Software can determine
the operating speed by reading the bus-to-core frequency ratio and the bus speed from an MSR
register in the processor.
NOTE: The DIP switch settings should be set to match the processor installed.
Configuring for a speed higher than that which the processor is designed could result in
unreliable operation and possible system damage.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers 3-11
First Edition - April 1998
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
3.3.2
SYSTEM MEMORY
The 100-MHz slot 1system board contains three 168-pin DIMM sockets for system memory. This
system is designed for using SDRAM DIMMs. As shipped from the factory the standard
configuration has 64 megabytes of SDRAM installed. The system memory is expandable up to a
maximum of 384 megabytes. Single or double-sided DIMMs may be used. In expanding the
standard memory using modules from third party suppliers the following DIMM type is
recommended: 66- (9.0 ns) or 100-MHz (6.0 ns) unbuffered SDRAM supporting CAS
latency (CL) 2 or 3.
NOTE: The DIMM speed should match the host bus speed of the processor (i.e., use 66MHz DIMMs in a system with a 266/66 processor and 100-MHz DIMMs in a system
with a 350/100 processor).
In addition to the supplied (and recommended) SDRAM, the system supports ECC RAM. The
RAM type and operating parameters are detected during POST by the system BIOS using the
serial presence detect (SPD) method. This method employs an I2C bus to communicate with an
EEPROM on each installed DIMM. The EEPROM holds the type and operating parameter data.
The supported format complies with the JEDEC specification for 128-byte EEPROMs. This
system also provides support for 256-byte EEPROMs to include additional Compaq-added
features such as part number and serial number. The SPD format as supported in this system is
shown in Table 3-3.
The key SPD bytes that BIOS checks for compatibility are 2, 9, 10, 18, 23, and 24. If BIOS
detects a mix of SDRAM and EDO DIMMs only the SDRAM DIMMs will be enabled. If ECC
DIMMs are used, all DIMMs installed must be ECC for ECC benefits (error logging) to be
realized.
Once BIOS determines the DIMM type the DRAM speed and CAS latency is checked based on
the following criteria:
Bus Speed
66 MHz
100 MHz
Cycle Time
15 ns
10 ns
Access
from
Clock
9 ns
6 ns
Only CAS latencies of 2 or 3 are supported. If DIMMs with unequal CAS latencies are installed
then operation will occur based on the DIMM with the greatest latency.
If an incompatible DIMM is detected the NUM LOCK will blink for a short period of time during
POST and an error message may or may not be displayed before the system hangs.
The system memory map is shown in Figure 3-4.
3-12 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
3.3.3
SUBSYSTEM CONFIGURATION
The 443BX component provides the configuration function for the processor/memory subsystem.
Table 3-6 lists the configuration registers used for setting and checking such parameters as
memory control and PCI bus operation. These registers reside in the PCI Configuration Space
and accessed using the methods described in Chapter 4, section 4.2.
Table 3–6. Host/PCI Bridge Configuration Registers (443BX, Function 0)
Table 3-6.
Host/PCI Bridge Configuration Registers (82443BX, Function 0)
PCI Config.
Addr.
00, 01h
02, 03h
04, 05h
06, 07h
08h
09..0Bh
0Dh
0Eh
10..13h
50, 51h
53h
55..56h
57h
58h
59..5Fh
60..67h
68h
Register
Vender ID
Device ID
Command
Status
Revision ID
Class Code
Latency Timer
Header Type
Aperture Base Config.
PAC Config. Reg.
Data Buffer Control
DRAM Row Type
DRAM Control
DRAM Timing
PAM 0..6 Registers
DRAM Row Boundary
Fixed DRAM Hole
Reset
Value
8086h
7190h
0006h
0210h
--00h
00h
8
00h
83h
00h
01h
00h
00h
01h
00h
PCI Config.
Addr.
6A, 6Bh
6C-6Fh
70h
71h
72h
90h
91h
92h
93h
A0-A3h
A4-A7h
A8-ABh
B0-B3h
B4h
B8-BBh
BCh
BDh
Register
DRAM Control Reg.
Memory Buffer Strength
Multi-Transaction Timer
CPU Latency Timer
SMRAM Control
Error Command
Error Status Register 0
Error Status Register 1
Reset Control
AGP Capability Identifier
AGP Status
AGP Command
AGP Control
Aperture Size
Aperture Translation Table
Aperture I/F Timer
Low Priority Timer
Reset
Value
00h
55h
00h
10h
02h
00h
00h
00h
00h
N/A
N/A
00h
00h
0000h
0000h
00h
00h
NOTES:
Refer to Intel Inc. documentation for detailed description of registers.
Assume unmarked locations/gaps are reserved.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers 3-13
First Edition - April 1998
Chapter 3 Processor/Memory Subsystem
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3-14 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 4
SYSTEM SUPPORT
4. Chapter 4 SYSTEM SUPPORT
4.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter covers subjects dealing with basic system architecture and covers the following
topics:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
PCI bus overview (4.2)
page 4-2
AGP bus overview (4.3)
page 4-11
ISA bus overview (4.4)
page 4-16
System clock distribution (4.5)
page 4-28
Real-time clock and configuration memory (4.6) page 4-29
I/O map and register accessing (4.7)
page 4-46
System management (4.8)
page 4-50
This chapter covers functions provided by off-the-shelf chipsets and therefore describes only basic
aspects of these functions as well as information unique to the Compaq Deskpro EP Series of
Personal Computers. For detailed information on specific components, refer to the applicable
manufacturer’s documentation.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April 1998
4-1
Chapter 4 System Support
4.2
PCI BUS OVERVIEW
NOTE: This section describes the PCI bus in general and highlights bus
implementation in this particular system. For detailed information regarding PCI bus
operation, refer to the PCI Local Bus Specification Revision 2.1.
This system implements a 5-volt, 32-bit Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus operating
at 33 MHz. The PCI bus uses a shared address/data bus design. On the first clock cycle of a PCI
bus transaction the bus carries address information. On subsequent cycles, the bus carries data.
PCI transactions occur synchronously with the Host bus at 33 MHz. All I/O transactions involve
the PCI bus. All ISA transactions involving the microprocessor, cache, and memory also involve
the PCI bus. Memory cycles will involve the PCI if the access is initiated by a device or
subsystem other than the microprocessor.
The PCI bus handles address/data transfers through the identification of devices and functions on
the bus (Figure 4-1). A device is defined as a component or slot that resides on the PCI bus. A
function is defined as the end source or target of the bus transaction. A device (component or
slot) may contain one or more functions (i.e., in this system the PCI/ISA Bridge function, EIDE
controller function, USB function, and ACPI function are contained within the South Bridge
component).
Host Bus
PCI Connector Slot 4
82443 North Bridge
Host/PCI
Bridge
Function
PCI Connector Slot 3
PCI/AGP
Bridge
Function
PCI Connector Slot 2
PCI Connector Slot 1
32-Bit PCI Bus
PCI/ISA
Bridge
Function
EIDE
Controller
Function
USB
I/F
Function
82371 South Bridge
ISA Bus
100-MHz slot 1 system board only
Figure 4–1. PCI Bus Devices and Functions
4-2
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Power
Manage
Function
Technical Reference Guide
4.2.1
PCI CONNECTOR
B94
B62
B1
A1
A62
A94
Figure 4–2. PCI Bus Connector (32-Bit, 5V Type)
Table 4–1. PCI Bus Connector Pinout
Table 4-1.
PCI Bus Connector Pinout
Pin
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
--
B Signal
-12 VDC
TCK
GND
TDO
+5 VDC
+5 VDC
INTBINTDPRSNT1RSVD
PRSNT2GND
GND
RSVD
GND
CLK
GND
REQ+5 VDC
AD31
AD29
GND
AD27
AD25
+3.3 VDC
C/BE3AD23
GND
AD21
AD19
+3.3 VDC
--
A Signal
TRST+12 VDC
TMS
TDI
+5 VDC
INTAINTC+5 VDC
Reserved
+5 VDC
Reserved
GND
GND
Reserved
RST+5 VDC
GNTGND
PMEAD30
+3.3 VDC
AD28
AD26
GND
AD24
IDSEL
+3.3 VDC
AD22
AD20
GND
AD18
--
Pin
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
--
B Signal
AD17
C/BE2GND
IRDY+3.3 VDC
DEVSELGND
LOCKPERR+3.3 VDC
SERR+3.3 VDC
C/BE1AD14
GND
AD12
AD10
GND
Key
Key
AD08
AD07
+3.3 VDC
AD05
AD03
GND
AD01
+5 VDC
ACK64+5 VDC
+5 VDC
--
A Signal
AD16
+3.3 VDC
FRAMEGND
TRDYGND
STOP+3.3 VDC
SDONE
SBOGND
PAR
AD15
+3.3 VDC
AD13
AD11
GND
AD09
Key
Key
C/BE0+3.3 VDC
AD06
AD04
GND
AD02
AD00
+5 VDC
REQ64+5 VDC
+5 VDC
--
Pin
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
B Signal
Reserved
GND
C/BE6C/BE4GND
AD63
AD61
+5 VDC
AD59
AD57
GND
AD55
AD53
GND
AD51
AD49
+5 VDC
AD47
AD45
GND
AD43
AD41
GND
AD39
AD37
+5 VDC
AD35
AD33
GND
Reserved
Reserved
GND
A Signal
GND
C/BE7C/BE5+5 VDC
PAR64
AD62
GND
AD60
AD58
GND
AD56
AD54
+5 VDC
AD52
AD50
GND
AD48
AD46
GND
AD44
AD42
+5 VDC
AD40
AD38
GND
AD36
AD34
GND
AD32
Reserved
GND
Reserved
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April 1998
4-3
Chapter 4 System Support
4.2.2
PCI BUS MASTER ARBITRATION
The PCI bus supports a bus master/target arbitration scheme. A bus master is a device that has
been granted control of the bus for the purpose of initiating a transaction. A target is a device that
is the recipient of a transaction. Request (REQ), Grant (GNT), and FRAME signals are used by
PCI bus masters for gaining access to the PCI bus. When a PCI device needs access to the PCI
bus (and does not already own it), the PCI device asserts its REQn signal to the PCI bus arbiter (a
function of the system controller (north bridge) component). If the bus is available, the arbiter
asserts the GNTn signal to the requesting device, which then asserts FRAME and conducts the
address phase of the transaction with a target. If the PCI device already owns the bus, a request is
not needed and the device can simply assert FRAME and conduct the transaction. Table 4-1
shows the grant and request signals assignments for the devices on the PCI bus.
Table 4–2. PCI Bus Mastering Devices
Table 4-2.
PCI Bus Mastering Devices
REQ/GNT Line
REQ0/GNT0
REQ1/GNT1
REQ2/GNT2
REQ3/GNT3 [1]
GREQ/GGNT
NOTES:
[1] 100-MHz slot 1 system only.
Device
PCI Connector Slot 1
PCI Connector Slot 2
PCI Connector Slot 3
PCI Connector Slot 4
AGP Slot
PCI bus arbitration is based on a round-robin scheme that complies with the fairness algorithm
specified by the PCI specification. The bus parking policy allows for the current PCI bus owner
(excepting the PCI/ISA bridge) to maintain ownership of the bus as long as no request is asserted
by another agent. Note that most CPU-to-DRAM and AGP-to-DRAM accesses can occur
concurrently with PCI traffic, therefore reducing the need for the Host/PCI bridge to compete for
PCI bus ownership.
The PCI bus arbiter includes a Multi-Transaction Timer (MTT) that provides additional control
for bus agents that perform fragmented accesses or have real-time access requirements. The MTT
allows the use of lower-cost peripherals (by the reduction of data buffering) for multimedia
applications such as video capture, serial bus, and RAID SCSI controllers.
The 82443 and the 82371 support the passive release mechanism, which reduces PCI bus latency
caused by an ISA initiator owning the bus for long periods of time.
4-4
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
4.2.3
PCI BUS TRANSACTIONS
The PCI bus consists of a 32-bit path (AD31-00 lines) that uses a multiplexed scheme for
handling both address and data transfers. A bus transaction consists of an address cycle and one
or more data cycles, with each cycle requiring a clock (PCICLK) cycle. High performance is
realized during burst modes in which a transaction with contiguous memory locations requires
that only one address cycle be conducted and subsequent data cycles are completed using autoincremented addressing. Four types of address cycles can take place on the PCI bus; I/O,
memory, configuration, and special. Address decoding is distributed (left up to each device on the
PCI bus).
4.2.3.1 I/O and Memory Cycles
For I/O and memory cycles, a standard 32-bit address decode (AD31..0) for byte-level addressing
is handled by the appropriate PCI device. For memory addressing, PCI devices decode the
AD31..2 lines for dword-level addressing and check the AD1,0 lines for burst (linearincrementing) mode. In burst mode, subsequent data phases are conducted a dword at a time with
addressing assumed to increment accordingly (four bytes at a time).
4.2.3.2 Configuration Cycles
Devices on the PCI bus must comply with PCI protocol that allows configuration of that device
by software. In this system, configuration mechanism #1 (as described in the PCI Local Bus
specification Rev. 2.1) is employed. This method uses two 32-bit registers for initiating a
configuration cycle for accessing the configuration space of a PCI device. The configuration
address register (CONFIG_ADDRESS) at 0CF8h holds a value that specifies the PCI bus, PCI
device, and specific register to be accessed. The configuration data register (CONFIG_DATA) at
0CFCh contains the configuration data.
PCI Configuration Address Register
I/O Port 0CF8h, R/W, (32-bit access only)
Bit
Function
31
Configuration Enable
0 = Disabled
1 = Enable
30..24
Reserved - read/write 0s
23..16
Bus Number. Selects PCI bus
15..11
PCI Device Number. Selects PCI
device for access
10..8
Function Number. Selects function of
selected PCI device.
7..2
Register Index. Specifies config. reg.
1,0
Configuration Cycle Type ID.
00 = Type 0
01 = Type 1
PCI Configuration Data Register
I/O Port 0CFCh, R/W, (8-, 16-, 32-bit access)
Bit
Function
31..0
Configuration Data.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April 1998
4-5
Chapter 4 System Support
Figure 4-3 shows how the loading of 0CF8h results in a Type 0 configuration cycle on the PCI
bus. The Device Number (bits <15..11> determines which one of the AD31..11 lines is to be
asserted high for the IDSEL signal, which acts as a “chip select” function for the PCI device to be
configured.
31 30
24 23
Reserved
Register 0CF8h
16 15
11 10
8 7
2 1 0
Bus
Device
Function
Register
0 0
Number
Number
Number
Index
Results in:
31
AD31..0
w/Type 0
Config. Cycle
IDSEL (only one signal line asserted)
11 10
8 7
2 1 0
Function
Register
Number
Index
Figure 4–3. Type 0 Configuration Cycle
Type 0 configuration cycles are used for configuring devices on PCI bus # 0. Type 1
configuration cycles (reg. 0CF8h bits <1,0> = 01b) are passed on to PCI bus # 1 (if present).
Table 4-3 shows the standard configuration of device numbers and IDSEL connections for
components and slots residing on a PCI bus.
Table 4–3. PCI Device Configuration Access
Table 4-3.
PCI Component Configuration Access
Device
PCI Component
Bus
No. [1]
82443 (North Bridge)
0
0
AGP slot
1
0
PCI Connector 1 (PCI slot 1)
0
13
PCI Connector 2 (PCI slot 2)
0
14
PCI Connector 3 (PCI slot 3) [2]
0
15
PCI Connector 4 (PCI slot 4) [3]
0
16
82371 (South Bridge)
0
20
NOTES
[1] CF8h bits <15..11>
[2] Combo slot on 66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) system
[3] 100-MHz slot 1 (3-DIMM) system only (combo slot)
IDSEL
Wired to:
AD11
AD16
AD24
AD25
AD26
AD27
AD31
The function number (CF8h, bits <10..8>) is used to select a particular function within a
multifunction device. Configurable functions present in system as shipped from the factory are
listed in Table 4-4.
4-6
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Table 4–4. PCI Function Configuration Acces
Table 4-4.
PCI Function Configuration Access
PCI Function
Host/PCI Bridge (82443)
PCI/AGP Bridge (82443)
PCI/ISA Bridge (82371)
IDE Interface (82371)
USB Interface (82371)
Power Management Cntlr. (82371)
Device No.
0
0
20
20
20
20
Function No.
0
1
0
1
2
3
The register index (CF8h, bits <7..2>)identifies the 32-bit location within the configuration space
of the PCI device to be accessed. All PCI devices can contain up to 256 bytes of configuration
data (see Figure 4-4), of which the first 64 bytes compose the configuration space header.
31
24 23
16 15
8
7
0
Register
Index
FCh
Device-Specific Area
Min_Lat
Min_GNT
Interrupt Pin
Interrupt Line
40h
3Ch
Base Address Registers and Exp. ROM Address
Configuration
Space
Header
Header Type
Class Code
BIST
Latency Timer
Cache Line Size
Revision ID
Command
Vendor ID
Status
Device ID
Data required by PCI protocol
0Ch
08h
04h
00h
Not required
Figure 4–4. PCI Configuration Space Map
Each PCI device is identified with a vendor ID (assigned to the vendor by the PCI Special
Interest Group) and a device ID (assigned by the vendor). The device and vendor IDs for the
devices used in these systems are listed in Table 4-5.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Chapter 4 System Support
Table 4–5. PCI Device Identification
Table 4-5.
PCI Device Identification
PCI Device
Vendor ID
Device ID [1]
North Bridge (82443 PAC):
Host/PCI Bridge (Function 0) [2]
8086h
7180h / 7190h
PCI/AGP Bridge (Function 1)
8086h
7181h / 7191h
South Bridge (82371 PIIX4):
7110h
8086h
PCI/ISA Bridge (Function 0)
7111h
8086h
EIDE Controller (Function 1)
7112h
8086h
USB I/F (Function 2)
7113h
8086h
Power Mngmt. Cntlr (Function 3)
AGP Graphics Controller
[3]
[3]
NOTES:
[1] 443EX / 443BX
[2] Graphics Address Remapping Table (GART) utilized on all systems.
[3] Refer to applicable appendix for graphics controller vendor and device IDs.
4.2.3.3 Special Cycles
There are two types of special cycles that may occur on the PCI bus. The first type is initiated by
the host and is used to perform the following functions: Shutdown, Flush, Halt, Write Back,
Flush Acknowledge, Branch Trace Message, and Stop/Grant. These cycles start like all other PCI
cycles and terminate with a master abort.
The second type of special cycle is initiated by writing to 0CF8h, Bus # = all 0s, Device = all 1s,
Function # all 1s, and Register = all 0s) and 0CFCh to generate a Type 0 configuration cycle.
This type 0 cycle, however, does not assert any of the IDSEL lines and therefore results in a
master abort with FFFFh returned to the microprocessor.
4.2.4
OPTION ROM MAPPING
During POST, the PCI bus is scanned for devices that contain their own specific firmware in
ROM. Such option ROM data, if detected, is loaded into system memory’s DOS compatibility
area (refer to the system memory map shown in chapter 3).
4-8
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.2.5
PCI INTERRUPT MAPPING
The PCI bus provides for four interrupt signals; INTA-, INTB-, INTC-, and INTD-. These
signals may be generated by on-board PCI devices or by devices installed in the PCI slots. In
order to minimize latency, INTA-..INTD- signal routing from the interrupt controller of the
82371south bridge to PCI slots/devices is distributed evenly as shown below:
Interrupt Cntlr.
INTAINTBINTCINTD-
PCI Slot 1
INTAINTBINTCINTD-
PCI Slot 2
INTDINTAINTBINTC-
PCI Slot 3
INTCINTDINTAINTB-
PCI Slot 4
INTBINTCINTDINTA-
AGP Slot
--INTAINTB-
USB
---INTD-
Interrupts generated by PCI devices can be configured to share the standard AT (IRQn) interrupt
lines. Two devices that share a single PCI interrupt must also share the corresponding AT
interrupt.
4.2.6
PCI POWER MANAGEMENT SUPPORT
This system complies with the PCI Power Management Interface Specification (rev 1.0). The
PCI Power Management Enable (PME-) signal is supported by the 440EX/BX chipset and allows
PCI peripherals to initiate the power management routine.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Chapter 4 System Support
4.2.7
PCI CONFIGURATION
PCI bus operations, especially those that involve ISA bus interaction, require the configuration of
certain parameters such as PCI IRQ routing, top of memory accessable by ISA, SMI generation,
and clock throttling characteristics. These parameters are handled by the PCI/ISA bridge
function (PCI function #0) of the south bridge component and configured through the PCI
configuration space registers listed in Table 4-6. Configuration is provided by BIOS at power-up
but re-configurable by software.
Table 4–6. PCI/ISA Bridge Configuration Registers (82371, Function 0)
Table 4-6.
PCI/ISA Bridge Configuration Registers
(82371, Function 0)
PCI Config.
Addr.
00, 01h
02, 03h
04, 05h
06, 07h
08h
09-0Bh
0Eh
4Ch
4E-4Fh
60h
61h
62h
Register
Vendor ID
Device ID
Command
Status
Revision ID
Class Code
Header Type
DMA Aliasing Control
APIC/BIOS Control
PCI Interrupt Routing
PCI Interrupt Routing
PCI Interrupt Routing
Reset
Value
8086h
7111h
00h
0003h
80h
80h
80h
PCI Config.
Addr.
63h
64h
69h
6A, 6Bh
76, 77h
80h
82h
90, 91h
92, 93h
94, 95h
B0-B3h
CBh
NOTE: Assume unmarked locations/gaps as reserved.
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Register
PCI Interrupt Routing
Serial Interrupt Control
Memory Map Control
SERR-/PCI Cycle Retry
DMA Enable/Ch. Routing
A12 Mask/X-Y Base Addr.
USB Passive Rel. Enable
DMA Channel Select
DMA 0-3 Base PTR
DMA 4-7 Base PTR
GPIO/Misc. Funct. Select
RTC/RAM Control
Reset
Value
80h
02h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
21h
Technical Reference Guide
4.3
AGP BUS OVERVIEW
NOTE: This section describes the AGP bus in general. For a detailed description of
AGP bus operations refer to the AGP Interface Specification available at the following
AGP forum web site: http://www.agpforum.org/index.htm
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) bus is specifically designed as an economical yet a highperformance interface for 3D graphics adapters. The AGP interface is designed to give graphics
adapters dedicated pipelined access to system memory for the purpose of off-loading texturing, zbuffering, and alpha blending used in 3D graphics operations. By off-loading a large portion of
3D data to system memory the AGP graphics adapter only requires enough memory for frame
buffer (display image) refreshing.
4.3.1
BUS TRANSACTIONS
The operation of the AGP bus is based on the 66-MHz PCI specification but includes additional
mechanisms to increase bandwidth. During the configuration phase the AGP bus acts in
accordance with PCI protocol. Once operation with the AGP adapter involves graphics data
handling, AGP-defined protocols take effect. The AGP graphics adapter acts generally as the
AGP master, but can also behave as a “PCI” target during fast writes from the north bridge.
Key differences between the AGP interface and the PCI interface are as follows:
♦
♦
♦
♦
Address phase and associated data transfer phase are disconnected transactions. In PCI operations
addressing and data transferring occur as contiguous actions. On the AGP bus a request for data and
the transfer of data may be separated by other operations.
Commands on the AGP bus specify system memory accesses only. Unlike the PCI bus, commands
involving I/O and configuration are not required or allowed. The system memory address space used
in AGP operations is the same linear space used by PCI memory space commands, but is further
specified by the graphics address re-mapping table (GART) of the north bridge component.
Data transactions on the AGP bus involve eight bytes or multiples of eight bytes. The AGP memory
addressing protocol uses 8-byte boundaries as opposed to PCI’s 4-byte boundaries. If a transfer of less
than eight bytes is needed, the remaining bytes are filled with arbitrary data that is discarded by the
target.
Pipelined requests on the AGP bus are defined by length or size. The PCI bus defines transfer lengths
with the FRAME- signal.
There are two basic types of transactions on the AGP bus: data requests (addressing) and data
transfers. These actions are separate from each other.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Chapter 4 System Support
4.3.1.1 Data Request
Requesting data is accomplished in one of two ways; either multiplexed addressing (using the
AD lines for addressing/data) or demultiplexed (“sideband”) addressing (using the SBA lines for
addressing only and the AD lines for data only). Even though there are only eight SBA lines (as
opposed to the 32 AD lines) sideband addressing maximizes efficiency and throughput by
allowing the AD lines to be exclusively used for data transfers. Sideband addressing occurs at
the same rate (1X or 2X) as data transfers. The differences in rates will be discussed in the next
section describing data transfers. Note also that sideband addressing is limited to 48 bits (address
bits 48-63 are assumed zero).
The north bridge supports both SBA and AD addressing methods and all three data transfer
rates, but the method and rate is selected by the AGP graphics adapter.
4.3.1.2 Data Transfers
Data transfers use the AD lines and occur as the result of data requests described previously.
Each transaction resulting from a request involves at least eight bytes, requiring the 32 AD lines
to handle at least two transfers per request. The AGP bus allows three transfer rates: 1X, 2X, and
4X. Regardless of the rate used the speed of the bus clock is constant at 66 MHz. The following
subsections describe how the use of additional strobe signals makes possible the higher transfer
rates.
AGP 1X Transfers
In AGP 1X transfers the 66-MHz CLK signal is used to qualify the control and data signals.
Each 4-byte data transfer is synchronous with one CLK cycle so it takes two CLK cycles for a
minimum 8-byte transfer (Figure 4-5 shows two 8-byte transfers). The GNT- and TRDY- signals
have their traditional PCI meaning. The ST0..3 signals are used for priority encoding, with “000”
for low priority and “001” indicating high priority.
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
CLK
AD
D1A
D1B
D2A
D2B
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
GNTTRDYST0..2
00x
Figure 4–5. AGP 1X Data Transfer (Peak Transfer Rate: 266 MB/s)
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xxx
Technical Reference Guide
AGP 2X Transfers
In AGP 2X transfers clocking is basically the same as in 1X transfers except that the 66-MHz
CLK signal is used to qualify only the control signals. The data bytes are latched by an additional
strobe (AD_STBx) signal so that an 8-byte transfer occurs in one CLK cycle (Figure 4-6). The
first four bytes (DnA) are latched by the receiving agent on the falling edge of AD_STBx and the
second four bytes (DnB) are latched on the rising edge of AD_STBx.
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
CLK
AD
D1A D1B D2A D2B
D3A D3B D4A D4B
AD_STBx
GNTTRDYST0..2
00x
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
xxx
Figure 4–6. AGP 2X Data Transfer (Peak Transfer Rate: 532 MB/s)
AGP 4X Transfers
The AGP 4X transfer rate allows sixteen bytes of data to be transferred in one clock cycle. As in
2X transfers the 66-MHz CLK signal is used only for qualifying control signals while strobe
signals are used to latch each 4-byte transfer on the AD lines. In Figure 4-7, 4-byte transfer D1A
is latched by the falling edge of AD_STBx while D1B is latched by the falling edge of
AD_STBx-.
T1
T2
T3
T4
CLK
AD
D1A D1B
D2A D2B
D3A D3B D4A
D4B
AD_STBx
AD_STBxST0..2
xxx
00x
xxx
xxx
AGP 4X Data Transfer (Peak Transfer Rate: 1064 MB/s)
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Chapter 4 System Support
4.3.2
AGP CONFIGURATION
AGP bus operations require the configuration of certain parameters involving system memory
access by the AGP graphics adapter. The AGP bus interface is configured as a PCI device
integrated within the north bridge (82443, device 1) component. The AGP function is, from the
PCI bus perspective, treated essentially as a PCI/PCI bridge and configured through PCI
configuration registers (Table 4-7). Configuration is accomplished by BIOS during POST.
NOTE: Configuration of the AGP bus interface involves functions 0 and 1 of the
82443. Function 0 registers (listed in Table 3-6) include functions that affect basic
control (GART) of the AGP.
Table 4–7. PCI/AGP Bridge Configuration Registers (82371, Function 1)
Table 4-8.
PCI/AGP Bridge Function Configuration Registers
(82443EX/BX, Function 1)
PCI Config.
Addr.
00, 01h
02, 03h
04, 05h
06, 07h
08h
0A, 0Bh
0Eh
18h
19h
1Ah
Register
Vendor ID
Device ID
Command
Status
Revision ID
Class Code
Header Type
Primary Bus Number
Secondary Bus Number
Subordinate Bus Number
Reset
Value
8086h
[1]
0000h
0220h
[2]
0406h
01h
00h
00h
00h
PCI Config.
Addr.
1Bh
1Ch
1Dh
1E, 1Fh
20, 21h
22, 23h
24, 25h
26, 27h
3Eh
3F-FFh
Register
Sec. Master Latency Timer
I/O Base Address
I/O Limit Address
Sec. PCI/PCI Status
Memory Base Address
Memory Limit Address
Prefetch Mem. Base Addr.
Prefetch Mem. Limit Addr.
PCI/PCI Bridge Control
Reserved
NOTE:
Assume unmarked locations/gaps as reserved. Refer to Intel documentation for detailed
register descriptions.
[1] 7181h for 443EX, 7191h for 443BX
[2] 03h for 443EX, 00h for 443BX
4-14 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Reset
Value
00h
F0h
00h
02A0h
FFF0h
0000h
FFF0h
0000h
80h
00h
Technical Reference Guide
4.3.3
AGP CONNECTOR
B94
A1
A21
B1
A94
A66
A26
B21
B66
B26
Figure 4–7. AGP Bus Connector
Table 4–8. AGP Bus Connector Pinout
Table 4-8.
AGP Bus Connector Pinout
Pin
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
A Signal
+12 VDC
RSVD
GND
USBN
GND
INTARESET
GNTVDD3
ST1
RSVD
PIPEGND
RSVD
SBA1
VDD3
SBA3
RSVD
GND
SBA5
SBA7
(Key)
B Signal
OVRCNTVDD
VDD
USBF
GND
INTBCLK
REQVDD3
ST0
ST2
RBFGND
RSVD
SBA0
VDD3
SBA2
SB_STB
GND
SBA4
DBA6
(Key)
Pin
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
A Signal
(Key)
(Key)
(Key)
PAD30
PAD28
VDD3
PAD26
PAD24
GND
RSVD
CBE3NC
PAD22
PAD20
GND
PAD18
PAD16
NC
FRAMERSVD
GND
RSVD
B Signal
(Key)
(Key)
(Key)
PAD31
PAD29
VDD3
PAD27
PAD25
GND
AD_STB1
PAD23
NC
PAD21
PAD19
GND
PAD17
CBE2NC
IRDYRSVD
GND
RSVD
Pin
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
A Signal
VDD3
TRDYSTOPPMEGND
PAR
PAD15
NC
PAD13
PAD11
GND
PAD09
CBE0NC
RSVD
PAD06
GND
PAD04
PAD02
NC
PAD00
RSVD
B Signal
VDD3
DEVSELNC
PERRGND
SERRCBE1NC
PAD14
PAD12
GND
PAD10
PAD08
NC
AD_STB0
PAD07
GND
PAD05
PAD03
NC
PAD01
RSVD
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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4-15
Chapter 4 System Support
4.4
ISA BUS OVERVIEW
NOTE: This section describes the ISA bus in general and highlights bus
implementation in this particular system. For detailed information regarding ISA bus
operation, refer to the Compaq Extended Industry Standard Architecture (EISA)
Technical Reference Guide.
The industry standard architecture (ISA) bus provides an 8-/16-bit path for standard I/O
peripherals as well as for optional devices that can be installed in the ISA expansion slots. Figure
4-8 shows the key functions and devices that reside on the ISA bus.
PCI Bus
ISA Connector 3
82371 South Bridge
ISA Connector 2
BIOS ROM
and Buffers
PCI/ISA
Bridge Function
ISA Connector 1
8-/16-Bit ISA Bus
PC 87309 I/O Controller
Keyboard/
Mouse I/F
Diskette
I/F
Serial
I/F (2)
66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) system only
Figure 4–8. ISA Bus Block Diagram
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Parallel
I/F
Technical Reference Guide
4.4.1
ISA CONNECTOR
16-Bit ISA Connection
8-Bit ISA Connection
D1
B1
C1
A1
Figure 4–9. ISA Expansion Connector
Table 4–9. ISA Expansion Connector Pinout
Table 4-9.
ISA Expansion Connector Pinout
16-Bit ISA Interface
8-Bit ISA Interface
Pin
B01
B02
B03
B04
B05
B06
B07
B08
B09
B10
B11
B12
B13
B14
B15
B16
B17
B18
B19
B20
B21
B22
B23
B24
B25
B26
B27
B28
B29
B30
B31
Signal
GND
RESDRV
+5 VDC
IRQ9
-5 VDC
DRQ2
-12 VDC
NOWS+12 VDC
GND
SMWTCSMRDCIOWCIORCDAK3DRQ3
DAK1
DRQ1
REFRESHBCLK
IRQ7
IRQ6
IRQ5
IRQ4
IRQ3
DAK2T-C
BALE
+5 VDC
OSC
GND
Pin
A01
A02
A03
A04
A05
A06
A07
A08
A09
A10
A11
A12
A13
A14
A15
A16
A17
A18
A19
A20
A21
A22
A23
A24
A25
A26
A27
A28
A29
A30
A31
Signal
I/O CHKSD7
SD6
SD5
SD4
SD3
SD2
SD1
SD0
BUSRDY
DMA
SA19
SA18
SA17
SA16
SA15
SA14
SA13
SA12
SA11
SA10
SA9
SA8
SA7
SA6
SA5
SA4
SA3
SA2
SA1
SA0
Pin
D01
D02
D03
D04
D05
D06
D07
D08
D09
D10
D11
D12
D13
D14
D15
D16
D17
D18
Signal
M16I/O16IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ12
IRQ15
IRQ14
DAK0DRQ0
DAK5DRQ5
DAK6DRQ6
DAK7DRQ7
+5 VDC
GRABGND
Pin
C01
C02
C03
C04
C05
C06
C07
C08
C09
C10
C11
C12
C13
C14
C15
C16
C17
C18
Signal
SBHELA23
LA22
LA21
LA20
LA19
LA18
LA17
MRDCMWTCSD8
SD9
SD10
SD11
SD12
SD13
SD14
SD15
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First Edition–- April 1998
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Chapter 4 System Support
4.4.2
ISA BUS TRANSACTIONS
The ISA bus supports 8- and 16-bit transfers at an 8-MHz rate. Devices limited to 8-bit transfers
use the lower byte portion (data lines 7..0) while 16-bit transfers use the full bandwidth (data
lines 15..0). Addressing is handled by two classifications of address signals: latched and
latchable. Latched address signals ( SA19..0) select the specific byte within the 1-MB section of
memory defined by address lines LA23..17. Latchable address lines (LA23..17) provide a longer
setup time for pre-chip selection or for pre-address decoding for high-speed memory and allow
access to up to 16-MB of physical memory on the ISA bus. The SA19..17 signals have the same
values as the LA19..17 signals for all memory cycles. The I/O cycles use only the SA15..0
signals.
The key control signals are described as follows:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
MRDC- (Memory Read Cycle): MRDC- is active on all ISA memory reads accessing
memory from 000000h to FFFFFFh.
SMEMR- (System Memory Read): SMEMR- is asserted by the PCI/ISA bridge to request an
ISA memory device to drive data onto the data lines for accesses below one megabyte.
SMEMR- is a delayed version of MRDC-.
MWTC- (Memory Write Cycle): MWTC- is active on all ISA memory write cycles accessing
memory from 000000h to FFFFFFh.
SMEMW- (System Memory Write): SMEMW- is asserted by the PCI/ISA bridge to request
an ISA memory device to accept data from the data lines for access below one megabyte.
SMEMW- is a delayed version of MWTC-.
IORC- (Input/Output Read Cycle): IORC- commands an ISA I/O device to drive data onto
the data lines.
IOWC- (Input/Output Write Cycle): IOWC- commands an ISA I/O device to accept data
from the data lines.
SBHE- (System Byte High Enable): SBHE- indicates that a byte is being transferred on the
upper half (D15..8) of the data lines.
SA0- (System Address Bit <0>): This bit is the complement of SBHE- and indicates that a
byte is being transferred on the lower half (D7..0) of the data lines.
M16- (16-bit Memory Cycle): M16- is asserted by 16-bit ISA devices to indicate 16-bit
memory cycle capability.
IO16- (16-bit I/O Cycle): IO16- is asserted by 16-bit ISA devices to indicate 16-bit I/O cycle
transfer capability.
If the address on the SA lines is above one megabyte, SMRDC- and SMWTC- will not be active.
The MRDC- and MWTC- signals are active for memory accesses up to 16 megabytes and can be
used by any device that uses the full 16-bit ISA bus. To request a 16-bit transfer, a device asserts
either the M16- (memory) or IO16- (I/O) signal when the device is addressed.
When another device (such as a DMA device or another bus master) takes control of the ISA, the
Bus Address Latch Enable (BALE) signal is held active for the duration of the operation. As a
result , signals LA23..17 are always enabled and must be held stable for the duration of each bus
cycle.
When the address changes, devices on the bus may decode the latchable address (LA23..17) lines
and then latch them. This arrangement allows devices to decode chip selects and M16- before the
next cycle actually begins.
4-18 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
The following guidelines apply to optional ISA devices installed in the system:
♦
♦
♦
♦
On bus lines that can be driven by a controller board, the driver should be able to sink a
minimum of 20 ma at 0.5 VDC and source 2 ma at 3.75 VDC.
On bus lines that are driven in the low direction only (open collector), the driver should be
able to sink 20 ma at 0.5 VDC.
The load on any logic line from a single bus slot should not exceed 2.0 ma in the low state
(at 0.5 VDC) or 0.1 ma in the high state (at 3.75 VDC).
The logic-high voltage at the bus ranges from 3.75 VDC to 5.5 VDC. The logic low voltage
ranges from 0 VDC to 0.8 VDC.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April 1998
4-19
Chapter 4 System Support
4.4.3
DIRECT MEMORY ACCESS
Direct Memory Access (DMA) is a method by which an ISA device accesses system memory
without involving the microprocessor. DMA is normally used to transfer blocks of data to or from
an ISA I/O device. DMA reduces the amount of CPU interactions with memory, freeing the CPU
for other processing tasks.
NOTE: This section describes DMA in general. For detailed information regarding
DMA operation, refer to the Compaq Extended Industry Standard Architecture (EISA)
Technical Reference Guide. Note, however, that EISA enhancements as described in the
referenced document are not supported in this (ISA only) system.
The South Bridge component includes the equivalent of two 8237 DMA controllers cascaded
together to provide eight DMA channels. Table 4-10 lists the default configuration of the DMA
channels.
Table 4–10. Default DMA Channel Assignments
Table 4-10.
Default DMA Channel Assignments
DMA Channel
Controller 1 (byte transfers)
0
1
2
3
Controller 2 (word transfers)
4
5
6
7
Device ID
Spare & ISA conn. pins D8, D9
Audio subsystem & ISA conn. pins B17, B18
Diskette drive & ISA conn. pins B6, B26
ECP LPT1 & ISA conn. pins B15, B16
Cascade for controller 1
Spare & ISA conn. pins D10, D11
Spare & ISA conn. pins D12, D13
Spare & ISA conn. pins. D14, D15
All channels in DMA controller 1 operate at a higher priority than those in controller 2. Note
that channel 4 is not available for use other than its cascading function for controller 1. The
DMA controller 2 can transfer words only on an even address boundary. The DMA controller
and page register define a 24-bit address that allows data transfers within the address space of
the CPU. The DMA controllers operate at 8 MHz.
The DMA logic is accessed through two types of I/O mapped registers; page registers and
controller registers. The mapping is the same regardless of the support chipset used.
4-20 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.4.3.1 Page Registers
The DMA page register contains the eight most significant bits of the 24-bit address and works
in conjunction with the DMA controllers to define the complete (24-bit)address for the DMA
channels. Table 4-11 lists the page register port addresses.
Table 4–11. DMA Page Register Addresses
Table 4-11.
DMA Page Register Addresses
DMA Channel
Page Register I/O Port
Controller 1 (byte transfers)
087h
Ch 0
083h
Ch 1
081h
Ch 2
082h
Ch 3
Controller 2 (word transfers)
n/a
Ch 4
08Bh
Ch 5
089h
Ch 6
08Ah
Ch 7
Refresh
08Fh [see note]
NOTE:
The DMA memory page register for the refresh channel must be
programmed with 00h for proper operation.
The memory address is derived as follows:
24-Bit Address - Controller 1 (Byte Transfers)
8-Bit Page Register
8-Bit DMA Controller
A23..A16
A15..A00
24-Bit Address - Controller 2 (Word Transfers)
8-Bit Page Register
16-Bit DMA Controller
A23..A17
A16..A01, (A00 = 0)
Note that address line A16 from the DMA memory page register is disabled when DMA
controller 2 is selected. Address line A00 is not connected to DMA controller 2 and is always 0
when word-length transfers are selected.
By not connecting A00, the following applies:
♦
♦
The size of the the block of data that can be moved or addressed is measured in 16-bits
(words) rather than 8-bits (bytes).
The words must always be addressed on an even boundary.
DMA controller 1 can move up to 64 Kbytes of data per DMA transfer. DMA controller 2 can
move up to 64 Kwords (128 Kbytes) of data per DMA transfer. Word DMA operations are only
possible between 16-bit memory and 16-bit peripherals.
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Chapter 4 System Support
The RAM refresh is designed to perform a memory read cycle on each of the 512 row addresses
in the DRAM memory space. Refresh operations are used to refresh memory on the 32-bit
memory bus and the ISA bus. The refresh address is provided on lines SA00 through SA08.
Address lines LA23..17, SA18,19 are driven low.
The remaining address lines are in an undefined state during the refresh cycle. The refresh
operations are driven by a 69.799-KHz clock generated by Interval Timer 1, Counter 1. The
refresh rate is 128 refresh cycles in 2.038 ms.
4.4.3.2 DMA Controller Registers
Table 4-12 lists the DMA Controller Registers and their I/O port addresses. Note that there is a
set of registers for each DMA controller.
Table 4–12. DMA Controller Registers
Table 4-12.
DMA Controller Registers
Register
Controller 1
Controller 2
R/W
Status
008h
0D0h
R
Command
008h
0D0h
W
Mode
00Bh
0D6h
W
Write Single Mask Bit
00Ah
0D4h
W
Write All Mask Bits
00Fh
0DEh
W
Software DRQx Request
009h
0D2h
W
Base and Current Address - Ch 0
000h
0C0h
W
Current Address - Ch 0
000h
0C0h
R
Base and Current Word Count - Ch 0
001h
0C2h
W
Current Word Count - Ch 0
001h
0C2h
R
Base and Current Address - Ch 1
002h
0C4h
W
Current Address - Ch 1
002h
0C4h
R
Base and Current Word Count - Ch 1
003h
0C6h
W
Current Word Count - Ch 1
003h
0C6h
R
Base and Current Address - Ch 2
004h
0C8h
W
Current Address - Ch 2
004h
0C8h
R
Base and Current Word Count - Ch 2
005h
0CAh
W
Current Word Count - Ch 2
005h
0CAh
R
Base and Current Address - Ch 3
006h
0CCh
W
Current Address - Ch 3
006h
0CCh
R
Base and Current Word Count - Ch 3
007h
0CEh
W
Current Word Count - Ch 3
007h
0CEh
R
Temporary (Command)
00Dh
0DAh
R
Reset Pointer Flip-Flop (Command)
00Ch
0D8h
W
Master Reset (Command)
00Dh
0DAh
W
Reset Mask Register (Command)
00Eh
0DCh
W
NOTE:
For a detailed description of the DMA registers, refer to the Compaq EISA Technical Reference Guide.
4-22 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.4.4
INTERRUPTS
The microprocessor uses two types of interrupts; maskable and non-maskable. A maskable
interrupt can be enabled or disabled within the microprocessor by the use of the STI and CLI
instructions. A non-maskable interrupt cannot be masked off within the microprocessor but may
be inhibited by hardware or software means external to the microprocessor.
4.4.4.1 Maskable Interrupts
The maskable interrupt is a hardware-generated signal used by peripheral functions within the
system to get the attention of the microprocessor. Peripheral functions produce a unique INTA-D
(PCI) or IRQ0-15 (ISA) signal that is routed to interrupt processing logic that asserts the
interrupt (INTR) input to the microprocessor. The microprocessor halts execution to determine
the source of the interrupt and then services the peripheral as appropriate.
ISA Peripherals
& SM Functions
IRQ1,3..7,
9..12,
14,15
IRQ1,3..7
IRQ9..12,
14,15
INTA-..DPCI Peripherals
South Bridge Component
Interrupt
Cntlr. 2
IRQ2
Interrupt
Cntlr. 1
INTR
Microprocessor
PCI IRQ
Routing
Figure 4–10. Maskable Interrupt Processing, Block Diagram
The South Bridge component, which includes the equivalent of two 8259 interrupt controllers
cascaded together, handles the standard AT-type (ISA) interrupt signals (IRQn). The South
Bridge also receives the PCI interrupt signals (PINTA-..PINTD-) from PCI devices. The PCI
interrupts can be configured by PCI Configuration Registers 60h..63h to share the standard ISA
interrupts (IRQn). The power-up default configuration has the PIRQn disabled. Table 4-13 lists
the standard source configuration for maskable interrupts and their priorities. If more than one
interrupt is pending, the highest priority (lowest number) is processed first.
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Chapter 4 System Support
Table 4–13. Maskable Interrupt Priorities and Assignments
Table 4-13.
Maskable Interrupt Priorities and Assignments
Priority
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
--
Signal Label
IRQ0
IRQ1
IRQ8IRQ9
IRQ10
IRQ11
IRQ12
IRQ13
IRQ14
IRQ15
IRQ3
IRQ4
IRQ5
IRQ6
IRQ7
IRQ2
Source (Typical)
Interval timer 1, counter 0
Keyboard
Real-time clock
Spare and ISA connector pin B04
Spare and ISA connector pin D03
Spare and ISA connector pin D04
Mouse and ISA connector pin D05
Coprocessor (math)
IDE primary I/F and ISA connector pin D07
IDE secondary I/F and ISA connector pin D06
Serial port (COM2) and ISA connector pin B25
Serial port (COM1) and ISA connector pin B24
ISA connector pin B23
Diskette drive controller and ISA connector pin B22
Parallel port (LPT1)
NOT AVAILABLE (Cascade from interrupt controller 2)
Interrupts generated by PCI devices can be configured to share the standard AT (IRQn) interrupt
lines. Refer to section 4.2.5 “PCI Interrupt Mapping” for information on PCI interrupts.
Maskable Interrupt processing is controlled and monitored through standard AT-type I/Omapped registers. These registers are listed in Table 4-14.
Table 4–14. Maskable Interrupt Control Registers
Table 4-14.
Maskable Interrupt Control Registers
I/O Port
020h
021h
0A0h
0A1h
Register
Base Address, Int. Cntlr. 1
Initialization Command Word 2-4, Int. Cntlr. 1
Base Address, Int. Cntlr. 2
Initialization Command Word 2-4, Int. Cntlr. 2
The initialization and operation of the interrupt control registers follows standard AT-type
protocol.
4-24 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.4.4.2 Non-Maskable Interrupts
Non-maskable interrupts cannot be masked (inhibited) within the microprocessor itself but may
be maskable by software using logic external to the microprocessor. There are two nonmaskable
interrupt signals: the NMI- and the SMI-. These signals have service priority over all maskable
interrupts, with the SMI- having top priority over all interrupts including the NMI-.
NMI- Generation
The Non-Maskable Interrupt (NMI-) signal can be generated by one of the following actions:
♦
♦
♦
Parity errors detected on the ISA bus (activating IOCHK-).
Parity errors detected on a PCI bus (activating SERR- or PERR-).
Microprocessor internal error (activating IERRA or IERRB)
The IOCHK-, SERR-, and PERR- signals are routed through the south bridge component, which
in turn activates the NMI to the microprocessor.
The NMI Status Register at I/O port 061h contains NMI source and status data as follows:
NMI Status Register 61h
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
NMI Status:
0 = No NMI from system board parity error.
1 = NMI requested, read only
IOCHK- NMI:
0 = No NMI from IOCHK1 = IOCHK- is active (low), NMI requested, read only
Interval Timer 1, Counter 2 (Speaker) Status
Refresh Indicator (toggles with every refresh)
IOCHK- NMI Enable/Disable:
0 = NMI from IOCHK- enabled
1 = NMI from IOCHK- disabled and cleared (R/W)
System Board Parity Error (PERR/SERR) NMI Enable:
0 = Parity error NMI enabled
1 = Parity error NMI disabled and cleared (R/W)
Speaker Data (R/W)
Inteval Timer 1, Counter 2 Gate Signal (R/W)
0 = Counter 2 disabled
1 = Counter 2 enabled
Functions not related to NMI activity.
After the active NMI has been processed, status bits <7> or <6> are cleared by pulsing bits <2>
or <3> respectively.
The NMI Enable Register (070h, <7>) is used to enable/disable the NMI signal. Writing 80h to
this register masks generation of the NMI-. Note that the lower six bits of register at I/O port 70h
affect RTC operation and should be considered when changing NMI- generation status.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April 1998
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Chapter 4 System Support
SMI- Generation
The SMI- (System Management Interrupt) is typically used for power management functions.
When power management is enabled, inactivity timers are monitored. When a timer times out,
SMI- is asserted and invokes the microprocessor’s SMI handler. The SMI- handler works with
the APM BIOS to service the SMI- according to the cause of the timeout.
Although the SMI- is primarily used for power managment the interrupt is also employed for the
QuickLock/QuickBlank functions as well.
4-26 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.4.5
INTERVAL TIMER
The interval timer generates pulses at software (programmable) intervals. A 8254-compatible
timer is integrated into the South Bridge chip. The timer function provides three counters, the
functions of which are listed in Table 4-15.
Table 4–15. Interval Timer Functions
Table 4-15.
Interval Timer Functions
Counter
0
1
2
Function
System Clock
Refresh
Speaker Tone
Gate
Always on
Always on
Port 61, bit<0>
Clock In
1.193 MHz
1.193 MHz
1.193 MHz
Clock Out
IRQ0
Refresh Req.
Speaker Input
The interval timer is controlled through the I/O mapped registers listed in Table 4-16.
Table 4–16. Interval Timer Control Registers
Table 4-16.
Interval Timer Control Registers
I/O Port
040h
041h
042h
043h
Register
Read or write value, counter 0
Read or write value, counter 1
Read or write value, counter 2
Control Word
Interval timer operation follows standard AT-type protocol. For a detailed description of timer
registers and operation, refer to the Compaq Extended Industry Standard Architecture Expansion
Bus Technical Reference Guide.
4.4.6
ISA CONFIGURATION
The working relationship between the PCI and ISA buses requires that certain parameters be
configured. The PC/ISA bridge function of the South Bridge component includes configuration
registers to set parameters such as PCI IRQ routing and top-of-memory available to ISA/DMA
devices. These parameters are programmed by BIOS during power-up, using registers listed
previously in Table 4-6.
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Chapter 4 System Support
4.5
SYSTEM CLOCK DISTRIBUTION
Table 4-17 lists the system board clock signals and how they are distributed.
Table 4–17. Clock Generation and Distribution
Table 4-17.
Clock Generation and Distribution
Frequncy/Signal
Source
Destination
66, 100 MHz
[2]
Processor, 82443 N. Bridge
(CPUCLK) [1]
66 MHz
North Bridge
AGP Slot
48 MHz
“
82371 S. Bridge, 87309 I/O Cntlr.
33 MHz (PCICLK)
“
PCI Slots, 82371 S. Bridge
14.31818 MHz
Crystal
[2]
14.31818 MHz
[2]
South Bridge, ISA slots
8.33 MHz (BCLK)
South Bridge
ISA slots
32.77 KHz
Crystal
South Bridge
NOTES:
[1] 66-MHz slot 1 system board; 66 MHz only.
100-MHz slot 1 system board; 66 or 100 MHz (refer to
Chapter 3, “Processor/Memory Subsystem”)
[2] 66-MHz slot 1 system board uses W48C67-07 clock generator.
100-MHz slot 1system board uses CK100 clock generator.
4-28 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.6
REAL-TIME CLOCK AND CONFIGURATION MEMORY
The Real-time clock (RTC) and configuration memory functions are provided by the 82371 South
Bridge component. The RTC uses the first 14 of 256 bytes of configuration memory and is
MC146818-compatible. As shown in the following figure, the 82371 provides 256 bytes of
configuration memory (CMOS), divided into two 128-byte banks. The lower configuration
memory can be accessed using conventional OUT and IN assembly language instructions using
I/O ports 70h (index) and 71h (data). The upper configuration memory area is accessible using
ports 72h/73h. When using the OUT/IN instructions only addresses 00h-7Fh are valid.
Software should access CMOS using the INT15 AX=E823h BIOS call. This system supports the
Client Management BIOS function INT15 AX=E845h, which accesses CMOS feature bits data.
These functions are described in more detail in Chapter 7, “BIOS ROM.”
0Dh
0Ch
0Bh
0Ah
09h
08h
07h
06h
05h
04h
03h
02h
01h
00h
Register D
Register C
Register B
Register A
Year
Month
Date of Month
Day of Week
Hours (Alarm)
Hours (Timer)
Minutes (Alarm)
Minutes (Timer)
Seconds (Alarm)
Seconds (Timer)
82371
7Fh (FFh)
Upper Config.
Memory Area
(128 bytes)
00h (80h)
7Fh
Lower Config.
Memory Area
(114 bytes)
RTC Area
(14 bytes)
0Eh
0Dh
00h
CMOS
Figure 4–11. Configuration Memory Map
A lithium 3-VDC battery is used for maintaining the RTC and configuration memory while the
system is powered down. During system operation a wire-Ored circuit allows the RTC and
configuration memory to draw power from the power supply.
The battery is located in a battery holder on the system board and has a life expectancy of from
four to eight years. When the battery has expired it is replaced with a Renata CR2032 or
equivalent 3-VDC lithium battery.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Chapter 4 System Support
4.6.1
CONFIGURATION MEMORY BYTE DEFINITIONS
Table 4-18 lists the mapping of the configuration memory.
Table 4–18. Configuration Memory (CMOS) Map
Table 4-18.
Configuration Memory (CMOS) Map
Location
Function
00-0Dh
Real-time clock
0Eh
Diagnostic status
0Fh
System reset code
10h
Diskette drive type
11h
Reserved
12h
Hard drive type
13h
Security functions
14h
Equipment installed
15h
Base memory size, low byte/KB
16h
Base memory size, high byte/KB
17h
Extended memory, low byte/KB
18h
Extended memory, high byte/KB
19h
Hard drive 1, primary controller
1Ah
Hard drive 2, primary controller
1Bh
Hard drive 1, secondary controller
1Ch
Hard drive 2, secondary controller
1Dh
Enhanced hard drive support
1Eh
Reserved
1Fh
Power management functions
24h
System board ID
25h
System architecture data
26h
Auxiliary peripheral configuration
27h
Speed control external drive
28h
Expanded/base mem. size, IRQ12
29h
Miscellaneous configuration
2Ah
Hard drive timeout
2Bh
System inactivity timeout
2Ch
Monitor timeout, Num Lock Cntrl
2Dh
Additional flags
2Eh-2Fh
Checksum of locations 10h-2Dh
30h-31h
Total extended memory tested
32h
Century
33h
Miscellaneous flags set by BIOS
34h
International language
35h
APM status flags
36h
ECC POST test single bit
37h-3Fh
Power-on password
40h
Miscellaneous Disk Bits
NOTE: Assume unmarked gaps are reserved.
Location
41h-44h
45h
46h
47h
48h-4Bh
4Ch-4Fh
51h
52h
53h
54h
55h
56h
57h-76H
77h-7Fh
80h
81h-82h
83h
84h
85h
86h
87h
8Dh-8Fh
90h-91h
92h
93h
94h
97h
9Bh
9Ch
9Dh
9Eh
9Fh-AFh
B0h-C3h
C7h
C8h
C9h
DEh-DFh
E0h-FFh
Function
Hood Removal Time Stamp
Keyboard snoop byte
Diskette drive status
Last IPL device
IPL priority
BVC priority
ECC DIMM status
Board revision (from boot block)
SWSMI command
SWSMI data
APM command
Erase-Ease keyboard byte
Saved CMOS location 10h-2Fh
Administrator password
ECMOS diagnostic byte
Total super ext. memory tested good
Microprocessor chip ID
Microprocessor chip revision
Hood removal status byte
Fast boot date
Fast boot status byte
POST error logging
Total super extended memory configured
Miscellaneous configuration byte
Miscellaneous PCI features
ROM flash/power button status
Asset/test prompt byte
Ultra-33 DMA enable byte
Mode-2 Configuration
ESS audio configuration
ECP DMA configuration
Serial number
Custom drive types 65, 66, 68, 15
Serial port 1 address
Serial port 2 address
COM1/COM2 port configuration
Checksum of locations 90h to DDh
Client Management error log
Default values (where applicable) are given for a standard system as shipped from the factory.
The contents of configuration memory (including the password) can be cleared by the following
procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Turn off unit and disconnect AC power cord from the rear chassis connector.
Remove jumper from pins 1 and 2 (or 2 and 3) of header E50 and place on pins 2 and 3 for
15 seconds.
Replace jumper to original configuration (pins 1 and 2).
Re-connect AC power cord to the chassis and turn unit on.
4-30 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
RTC Control Register A, Byte 0Ah
Bit
7
6..4
3..0
Function
Update in Progress. Read only.
0 = Time update will not occur before 2444 us
1 = Time update will occur within 2444 us
Divider Chain Control. R/W.
00x = Oscillator disabled.
010 = Normal operation (time base frequency = 32.768 KHz).
11x = Divider chain reset.
Periodic Interrupt Control. R/W. Specifies the periodic interrupt interval.
0000 = none
1000 = 3.90625 ms
0001 = 3.90625 ms
1001 = 7.8125 ms
0010 = 7.8125 ms
1010 = 15. 625 ms
0011 = 122.070 us
1011 = 31.25 ms
0100 = 244.141 us
1100 = 62.50 ms
0101 = 488.281 us
1101 = 125 ms
0110 = 976.562 us
1110 = 250 ms
0111 = 1.953125 ms
1111 = 500 ms
RTC Control Register B, Byte 0Bh
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Time Update Enable/disable
0 = Normal operation, 1 = Disable time updating for time set
Periodic Interrupt Enable/Disable.
0 = Disable,
1 = Enable interval specified by Register A
Alarm Interrupt Enable/disable
0 = Disabled, 1 = Enabled
End-of-Update Interrupt Enable/Disable
0 = Disabled, 1 = Enabled
Reserved (read 0)
Time/Date Format Select
0 = BCD format, 1 = Binary format
Time Mode
0 = 12-hour mode, 1 = 24-hour mode
Automatic Daylight Savings Time Enable/Disable
0 = Disable
st
1 = Enable (Advance 1 hour on 1 Sunday in April, retreat 1 hour on last Sunday in October).
RTC Status Register C, Byte 0Ch
Bit
7
6
5
4
3..0
Function
If set, interrupt output signal active (read only)
If set, indicates periodic interrupt flag
If set, indicates alarm interrupt
If set, indicates end-of-update interrupt
Reserved
RTC Status Register D, Byte 0Dh
Bit
7
6
5..0
Function
RTC Power Sts: 1 = RTC lost power
Reserved
Date of Month Alarm
Function is provided by flip-flop
external to 82371component.
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Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Byte 0Eh, Diagnostic Status
Default Value = 00h
This byte contains diagnostic status data.
Configuration Byte 0Fh, System Reset Code
Default Value = 00h
This byte contains the system reset code.
Configuration Byte 10h, Diskette Drive Type
Bit
Function
7..4
Primary (Drive A) Diskette Drive Type
3..0
Secondary (Drive B) Diskette Drive Type
Valid values for bits <7..4> and bits <3..0>:
0000 = Not installed
0001 = 360-KB drive
0010 = 1.2-MB drive
0011 = 720-KB drive
0100 = 1.44-MB/1.25-MB drive
0110 = 2.88-MB drive
(all other values reserved)
Configuration Byte 12h, Hard Drive Type
Bit
7..4
3..0
Function
Primary Controller 1, Hard Drive 1 Type:
0000 = none
1000 = Type 8
0001 = Type 1
1001 = Type 9
0010 = Type 2
1010 = Type 10
0011 = Type 3
1011 = Type 11
0100 = Type 4
1100 = Type 12
0101 = Type 5
1101 = Type 13
0110 = Type 6
1110 = Type 14
0111 = Type 7
1111 = other (use bytes 19h)
Primary Controller 1, Hard Drive 2 Type:
0000 = none
1000 = Type 8
0001 = Type 1
1001 = Type 9
0010 = Type 2
1010 = Type 10
0011 = Type 3
1011 = Type 11
0100 = Type 4
1100 = Type 12
0101 = Type 5
1101 = Type 13
0110 = Type 6
1110 = Type 14
0111 = Type 7
1111 = other (use bytes 1Ah)
4-32 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte 13h, Security Functions
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7
Reserved
6
QuickBlank Enable After Standby:
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
5
Administrator Password:
0 = Not present
1 = Present
4
Reserved
3
Diskette Boot Enable:
0 = Enable
1 = Disable
2
QuickLock Enable:
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
1
Network Server Mode/Security Lock Override:
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
0
Password State (Set by BIOS at Power-up)
0 = Not set
1 = Set
Configuration Byte 14h, Equipment Installed
Default Value (standard configuration) = 03h
Bit
Function
7,6
No. of Diskette Drives Installed:
00 = 1 drive
10 = 3 drives
01 = 2 drives
11 = 4 drives
5..2
Reserved
1
Coprocessor Present
0 = Coprocessor not installed
1 = Coprocessor installed
0
Diskette Drives Present
0 = No diskette drives installed
1 = Diskette drive(s) installed
Configuration Bytes 15h and 16h, Base Memory Size
Default Value = 280h
Bytes 15h and 16h hold a 16-bit value that specifies the base memory size in increments of 1-KB
(1024) bytes. Valid base memory sizes are 512-KB and 640-KB.
Configuration Bytes 17h and 18h, Extended Memory Size
Bytes 17h and 18h hold a 16-bit value that specifies the extended memory size in increments of
1-KB (1024) bytes.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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4-33
Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Bytes 19h-1Ch, Hard Drive Types
Byte 19h contains the hard drive type for drive 1 of the primary controller if byte 12h bits <7..4>
hold 1111b. Byte 1Ah contains the hard drive type for drive 2 of the primary controller if byte
12h bits <3..0> hold 1111b. Bytes1Bh and 1Ch contain the hard drive types for hard drives 1 and
2 of the secondary controller.
Configuration Byte 1Dh, Enhanced IDE Hard Drive Support
Default Value = F0h
Bit
Function
7
EIDE - Drive C (83h)
6
EIDE - Drive D (82h)
5
EIDE - Drive E (81h)
4
EIDE - Drive F (80h)
3..0
Reserved
Values for bits <7..4> :
0 = Disable
1 = Enable for auto-configure
Configuration Byte 1Fh, Power Management Functions
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7..4
Reserved
3
Slow Processor Clock for Low Power Mode
0 = Processor runs at full speed
1 = Processor runs at slow speed
2
Reserved
1
Monitor Off Mode
0 = Turn monitor power off after 45 minutes in standby
1 = Leave monitor power on
0
Energy Saver Mode Indicator (Blinking LED)
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
Configuration Byte 24h, System Board Identification
Default Value = 7Eh
Configuration memory location 24h holds the system board ID.
Configuration Byte 25h, System Architecture Data
Default Value = 0Bh
Bit
Function
7..4
Reserved
3
Unmapping of ROM:
0 = Allowed
1 = Not allowed
2
Reserved
1,0
Diagnostic Status Byte Address
00 = Memory locations 80C00000h-80C00004h
01 = I/O ports 878h-87Ch
11 = neither place
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Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte 26h, Auxiliary Peripheral Configuration
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7,6
I/O Delay Select
00 = 420 ns (default)
01 = 300 ns
10 = 2600 ns
11 = 540 ns
5
Alternative A20 Switching
0 = Disable port 92 mode
1 = Enable port 92 mode
4
Bi-directional Print Port Mode
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
3
Graphics Type
0 = Color
1 = Monochrome
2
Hard Drive Primary/Secondary Address Select:
0 = Primary
1 = Secondary
1
Diskette I/O Port
0 = Primary
1 = Secondary
0
Diskette I/O Port Enable
0 = Primary
1 = Secondary
Configuration Byte 27h, Speed Control/External Drive
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7
Boot Speed
0 = Max MHz
1 = Fast speed
6..0
Reserved
Configuration Byte 28h, Expanded and Base Memory, IRQ12 Select
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7
IRQ12 Select
0 = Mouse
1 = Expansion bus
6,5
Base Memory Size:
00 = 640 KB
01 = 512 KB
10 = 256 KB
11 = Invalid
4..0
Internal Compaq Memory:
00000 = None
00001 = 512 KB
00010 = 1 MB
00011 = 1.5 MB
.
.
11111 = 15.5 MB
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Byte 29h, Miscellaneous Configuration Data
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7..5
Reserved
4
Primary Hard Drive Enable (Non-PCI IDE Controllers)
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
3..0
Reserved
Configuration Byte 2Ah, Hard Drive Timeout
Default Value = 02h
Bit
Function
7..5
Reserved
4..0
Hard Drive Timeout
00000 = Disabled
00001 = 1 minute
00010 = 2 minutes
.
.
10101 = 21 minutes
Configuration Byte 2Bh, System Inactivity Timeout
Default Value = 23h
Bit
Function
7
Reserved
6,5
Power Conservation Boot
00 = Reserved
01 = PC on
10 = PC off
11 = Reserved
4..0
System Inactive Timeout. (Index to SIT system timeout record)
00000 = Disabled
Configuration Byte 2Ch, ScreenSave and NUMLOCK Control
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7
Reserved
6
Numlock Control
0 = Numlock off at power on
1 = Numlock on at power on
5
Screen Blank Control:
0 = No screen blank
1 = Screen blank w/QuickLock
4..0
ScreenSave Timeout. (Index to SIT monitor timeout record)
000000 = Disabled
4-36 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte 2Dh, Additional Flags
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7..5
Reserved
4
Memory Test
0 = Test memory on power up only
1 = Test memory on warm boot
3
POST Error Handling (BIOS Defined)
0 = Display “Press F1 to Continue” on error
1 = Skip F1 message
2..0
Reserved
Configuration Byte 2Eh, 2Fh, Checksum
These bytes hold the checksum of bytes 10h to 2Dh.
Configuration Byte 30h, 31h, Total Extended Memory Tested
This location holds the amount of system memory that checked good during the POST.
Configuration Byte 32h, Century
This location holds the Century value in a binary coded decimal (BCD) format.
Configuration Byte 33h, Miscellaneous Flags
Default Value = 80h
Bit
Function
7
Memory Above 640 KB
0 = No, 1 = Yes
6
Reserved
5
Weitek Numeric Coprocessor Present:
0 = Not installed, 1 = Installed
4
Standard Numeric Coprocessor Present:
0 = Not installed, 1 = Installed
3..0
Reserved
Configuration Byte 34h, International Language Support
Default Value = 00h
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Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Byte 35h, APM Status Flags
Default Value = 11h
Bit
Function
7..6
Power Conservation State:
00 = Ready
01 = Standby
10 = Suspend
11 = Off
5,4
Reserved
3
32-bit Connection:
0 = Disconnected, 1 = Connected
2
16-bit Connection
0 = Disconnected, 1 = Connected
1
Real Mode Connection
0 = Disconnected, 1 = Connected
0
Power Management Enable:
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Configuration Byte 36h, ECC POST Test Single Bit Errors
Default Value = 01h
Bit
Function
7
Row 7 Error Detect
6
Row 6 Error Detect
5
Row 5 Error Detect
4
Row 4 Error Detect
3
Row 3 Error Detect
2
Row 2 Error Detect
1
Row 1 Error Detect
0
Row 0 Error Detect
0 = No single bit error detected.
1 = Single bit error detected.
Configuration Byte 37h-3Fh, Power-On Password
These eight locations hold the power-on password.
Configuration Byte 40h, Miscellaneous Disk Data
Configuration Bytes 41h-44h, Hood Removal Time Stamp
These four bytes record the time at which the hood of the system was removed:
Byte 41h, month & day
Byte 42h, year and month
Byte 43h, minutes and seconds
Byte 44h, removal flag and minutes
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Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte 45h, Keyboard Snoop Data
Default Value = xxh
Bit
Function
7
Cntrl/F10 Key Status:
0 = Cntrl & F10 keys not pressed
1 = Cntrl & F10 keys pressed
6
F10 Key Status:
0 = F10 key not pressed
1 = F10 key pressed
5..1
Reserved
0
Key Pressed Flag:
0 = Key not pressed
1 = Key pressed
Configuration Byte 46h, Diskette/Hard Drive Status
Default Value = xxh
Bit
Function
7,6
Reserved
5
Partition On HD:
0 = Not set, 1 = Set
4
Setup Disk:
0 = Not present, 1 = Present
3
ROMPAQ or DIAGS Diskette:
0 = Not present, 1 = Present
2
Boot Diskette in Drive A:
0 = No, 1 = Yes
1
Drive B: Present:
0 = Not present, 1 = Present
0
Drive A: Present:
0 = Not present, 1 = Present
Configuration Bytes 47h-4Fh, IPL Data
These bytes hold initial program load (IPL) data for boot purposes:
Byte 47h, last IPL device
Bytes 48h-4Bh, IPL priority
Byte 4Ch-4Fh, BCV priority
Configuration Byte 51h, ECC Status Byte
Default Value = xxh
Bit
Function
7
ECC Status for DIMM 3
6
ECC Status for DIMM 2
5
ECC Status for DIMM 1
4
ECC Status for DIMM 0
3..0
Reserved
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Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Byte 52h, Board Revision
This byte holds the board revision as copied from the boot block sector.
Configuration Byte 53h, 54h, SW SMI Command/Data Bytes
Configuration Byte 55h, APM Command Byte
Configuration Byte 56h, Miscellaneous Flags Byte
Bit
7
6
5
4
3..1
0
Function
CAS Latency:
0 = 2, 1 = 3
IR Port Enable Flag:
0 = Disabled (COM2 config. for standard serial port)
1 = Enabled (COM2 config. for IrDA)
Warm Boot Enable Flag:
0 = Disable, 1 = Enable
POST Terse/Verbose Mode
0 = Verbose, 1 = Terse
Erase Ease Keyboard Mode:
000 = Backspace/Spacebar
001 = Spacebar/Backspace
010 = Spacebar/Spacebar
011-111 = Invalid
Configurable Power Supply:
0 = Power switch active
1 = Power switch inhibited
Configuration Byte 57h-76h, CMOS Copy
Configuration Bytes 77h-7Fh, Administrator Password
Configuration Byte 80h, CMOS Diagnostic Flags Byte
Default Value = 00h. Set bit indicates function is valid.
Bit
Function
7
CMOS Initialization (Set CMOS to Default)
6
Setup password locked
5
PnP should not reject SETs because Diags is active
4
Reserved
3
Manufacturing diagnostics diskette found
2
Invalid electronic serial number
1
Boot maintenance partition once
0
Invalid CMOS checksum
Configuration Byte 81h, 82h, Total Super Extended Memory Tested
This byte holds the value of the amount of extended system memory that tested good during
POST. The amount is given in 64-KB increments.
4-40 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte 83h, Microprocessor Identification
This byte holds the component ID and chip revision of the microprocessor.
Configuration Byte 84h, Microprocessor Revision
Configuration Byte 85h, Administration Mode
Bit
7,6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Reserved
ESCD Buffering:
0 = No buffering, 1 = ESCD buffered at F000h.
Hood Lock Enable:
0 = Disabled, 1 = Enabled
User Mode Flag
Administration Mode Flag
Level Support:
0 = Level 1, 1 = Level 2
Feature Support Bit
0 = Disabled, 1 = Enabled
Configuration Byte 86h, Fast Boot Date
Configuration Byte 87h, Fast Boot Select
Bit
7..3
2
1
0
Function
Configuration Byte 88h, Fast Boot Date (Year/Century)
Configuration Byte 89h, APM Resume Timer
Bit <7> indicates the timer status: 0 = disabled, 1 = timer set.
Configuration Byte 8Ah-8Fh, APM Resume Timer
These bytes hold the APM timer values:
Byte 8Ah, minutes
Byte 8Bh, hours
Byte 8Ch, day
Byte 8Dh, month
Byte 8Eh, year
Byte 8Fh, century
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First Edition–- April 1998
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Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Byte 90h, 91h, Total Super Extended Memory Configured
This byte holds the value of the amount of extended system memory that is configured.
The amount is given in 64-KB increments.
Configuration Byte 92h, Miscellaneous Configuration Byte
Default Value = 18h
Bit
Function
7..5
Reserved
4
Diskette Write Control:
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
3..1
Reserved
0
Diskette Drive Swap Control:
0 = Don’t swap
1 = Swap drive A: and B:
Configuration Byte 93h, PCI Configuration Byte
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7
Onboard SCSI Status:
0 = Hidden
1 = Active
6
Onboard NIC Status:
0 = Hidden
1 = Active
5
Onboard USB Status:
0 = Hidden
1 = Active
3
Reserved
2
ISA Passive Release:
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
1
PCI Bus Master Enable
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
0
PCI VGA Palette Snoop
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
If palette snooping is enabled, then a primary PCI graphics card may share a common palette
with the ISA graphics card. Palette snooping should only be enabled if all of the following
conditions are met:
♦
♦
♦
♦
An ISA card connects to a PCI graphics card through the VESA connector.
The ISA card is connected to a color monitor.
The ISA card uses the RAMDAC on the PCI card
The palette snooping feature (sometimes called “RAMDAC shadowing”) on the PCI card is
enabled and functioning properly.
4-42 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte 94h, ROM Flash/Power Button Status
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7..5
Reserved
4
ROM Flash In Progress (if set)
3
Reserved
2
Power Button Inhibited (ifset)
1
User-Forced Bootblock (if set)
0
ROM Flash In Progress (if set)
Configuration Byte 97h, Asset/Test Prompt Byte
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7,6
Test Prompt:
01 = Fake F1
10 = Fake F2
11 = Fake F10
5..0
Asset Value
Configuration Byte 9Bh, Ultra-33 DMA Enable Byte
Default Value = 00h
Bit
Function
7..4
Reserved
3
Secondary Slave Enabled for U-33 if Set
2
Secondary Master Enabled for U-33 if Set
1
Primary Slave Enabled for U-33 if Set
0
Primary Master Enabled for U-33 if Set
Configuration Byte 9Ch, Mode-2 Configuration Byte
Default Value = 1Ch
Bit
Function
7,6
Reserved
5
Mode 2 Support
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
4
Secondary Hard Drive Controller
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
3,2
Secondary Hard Drive Controller IRQ
00 = IRQ10
01 = IRQ11
10 = IRQ12
11 = IRQ15
1,0
Reserved
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition–- April 1998
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Chapter 4 System Support
Configuration Byte 9Dh, ESS Audio Configuration Byte
Default Value = 12h
Bit
Function
7
Reserved for Game Port Enable
6,5
Audio Address
00 = 22xh
01 = 23xh
10 = 24xh
11 = 25xh
4,3
DMA Channel
00 = Disabled
01 = DMA0
10 = DMA1
11 = DMA3
2,1
IRQ Select
00 = IRQ9
01 = IRQ5
10 = IRQ7
11 = IRQ10
0
ESS Audio Chip Enable
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
Configuration Byte 9Eh, ECP DMA Configuration Byte
Default Value = 03h
Bit
Function
7..4
Reserved
3
SafeStart Control:
0 = Disable
1 = Enable
2..0
ECP DMA Channel
000 = Invalid
100 = Disabled
All other values (001-011, 101-111) refer to channel no.
Configuration Byte 9Fh-AFh, Asset Tag Serial Number
Configuration Bytes B0h-C3h; Custom Hard Drive Information
These bytes contain the number of cylinders, heads, and sectors per track for hard drives C, D, E,
and F respectively. The mapping for each drive is as follows:
Drive 65 (C)
B0h
B1h
B2h
B3h
B4h
Drive 66 (D)
B5h
B6h
B7h
B8h
B9h
Drive 68 (E)
BAh
BBh
BCh
BDh
BEh
4-44 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Drive 15 (F)
BFh
C0h
C1h
C2h
C3h
Function
No. of Cylinders, Low Byte
No. of Cylinders, High Byte
No. of Heads
Max ECC Bytes
No. of Sectors Per Track
Technical Reference Guide
Configuration Byte C7h, C8h, Serial Ports 1 and 2 (Respectively) Configuration Bytes
Default Value = FEh, 7Dh
Bit
Function
7..2
Base I/O Address (in packed format)
(Algorithm: [Addr. - 200h] / 8)
(i.e., 3Fh = 3F8h, 1Fh = 2F8h, 00 = 200h)
1..0
Interrupt:
00 = Reserved
01 = IRQ3
10 = IRQ4
11 = Reserved
Configuration Bytes CAh, DBh; Chassis Serial Number
Configuration Bytes DEh, DFh; Checksum of Locations 90h-DDh
Configuration Bytes E0h-FFh; Client Management Error Log
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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4-45
Chapter 4 System Support
4.7
I/O MAP AND REGISTER ACCESSING
4.7.1
SYSTEM I/O MAP
Table 4–19. System I/O Map
Table 4-19.
System I/O Map
I/O Port
Function
0000..000Fh
DMA Controller 1
0020..0021h
Interrupt Controller 1
0040..0043h
Timer 1
0060h
Keyboard Controller Data Byte
0061h
NMI, Speaker Control
0064h
Keyboard Controller Command/Status Byte
0070h
NMI Enable, RTC/Lower CMOS Index
0071h
RTC/Lower CMOS Data
0072h, 0073h
Upper CMOS Index/Data
0080..008Fh
DMA Page Registers
0092h
Port A, Fast A20/Reset
00A0..00A1h
Interrupt Controller 2
00B2h, 00B3h
APM Control/Status Ports
00C0..00DFh
DMA Controller 2
00E8, 00E9h
GPIO Ports 1 and 2 (87309)
00F0h
Math Coprocessor Busy Clear
015C, 015Dh
87309 I/O Controller Configuration Registers (Index, Data)
0170..0177h
Hard Drive (IDE) Controller 2
01F0..01FFh
Hard Drive (IDE) Controller 1
0201..024Fh
Audio subsystem control (primary & secondary addresses)
0278..027Bh
Parallel Port (LPT2)
02F8..02FFh
Serial Port (COM2)
0300-030Fh
Network interface controller
0371.. 0375h
Diskette Drive Controller Alternate Addresses
0376h
IDE Controller Alternate Address
0377h
IDE Controller Alternate Address, Diskette Drive Controller Alternate Address
0378..037Fh
Parallel Port (LPT1)
0388..038Bh
FM synthesizer (alias addresses)
03B0..03DFh
Graphics Controller
03E8..03EFh
Serial Port (COM3)
03F0..03F5h
Diskette Drive Controller Primary Addresses
03F6, 03F7h
Diskette Drive Controller Primary Addresses, Hard Drive Controller Primary Addresses
03F8..03FFh
Serial Port (COM1)
04D0, 04D1h
Master, Slave Edge/Level INTR Control Register
0C00, 0C01h
PCI IRQ Mapping Index, Data
0C06, 0C07h
Reserved - Compaq proprietary use only
0C7Ch
Machine ID
0C80, 0C81h
Scan Chain High/Low Bytes
0C82h
Auto Rev Data
0C83h
Machine ID
0CD6h, 0CD7h
Power Management Registers
0CF8h
PCI Configuration Address (dword access)
0CF9h
Reset Control Register
0CFCh
PCI Configuration Data (byte, word, or dword access)
FF00..FF07h
IDE Bus Master Register
NOTE: Assume unmarked gaps are reserved/unused.
4-46 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.7.2
82371 SOUTH BRIDGE GPIO CONFIGURATION
The 82371 South Bridge component includes a number of single and dual purpose pins available
as general purpose input/output (GPIO) ports. The GPIO ports are configured during POST by
BIOS through the PCI configuration registers B0-B3h (82371, function 0). Tables 4-20 and 4-21
list the utilization of the GPIO ports in this system.
Table 4–20. 82371 South Bridge General Purpose Input Port Utilization
Table 4-20.
82371 South Bridge General Purpose Input Port Utilization
GP Input Port
GPI #0
GPI #1
GPI #2
GPI #3
GPI #4
GPI #5
GPI #6
GPI #7
GPI #8
GPI #9
GPI #10
GPI #11
GPI #12
GPI #13-15
GPI #16
GPI #17
GPI #18
GPI #19
GPI #20, 21
Function
IOCHK- function for ISA bus.
Wake up event. If ACPI events are enabled high-to-low transition of this input will wake up
system. WU EVENT- is caused by ring or magic packet event.
Magic packet. Will be high if magic packet event occurred from optional NIC through wakeon-LAN (WOL) header P9. Cleared by GPO #9.
Ring status. Will be high if ring event occurred from COM1 serial port. Cleared by GPO #10.
Not used.
VBAT OK. Will be high if CMOS is valid and low battery condition has not occurred. Cleared
if low battery condition occurs.
AC On (SW1-1) Status: 0 = SW1-1 is On, 1 = SW1-1 is Off.
Not used.
Therm/MPKt. Controlled by BIOS as follows: Set for THERM unless system was resumed
from Soft Off by WOL (MPKT) event, in which BIOS will disable SMIs from MPKT and
resume events. BIOS will set THERM, disable THERM_EN, and change GPI8 to THERM.
THERM status will be cleared and THERM_EN will be enabled to produce SMIs. Once
MPKT is deasserted BIOS will get an SMI from THERM when the NIC driver loads. BIOS
will change THERM back to GPI8 and enable MPKT to resume the system in the SMI
handler.
Not used.
WU IRQ1. Will, in S1 state, be high if an IRQ1 (keyboard interrupt) occurred.
VSBLANK. If high results in an SMI- being generated.
WU IRQ12. Will, in S1 state, be high if an IRQ12 (mouse interrupt) occurred.
Not used.
Password disable status: 0 = disabled, 1 = enabled.
Primary IDE cable type: 0 = 80-pin cable attached, 1 = 40-pin cable attached.
Secondary IDE cable type: 0 = 80-pin cable attached, 1 = 40-pin cable attached.
Chassis fan status (valid if GPO #30 = 1): 0 = fan not connected, 1 = fan connected.
Not used.
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Chapter 4 System Support
Table 4–21. 82371 South Bridge General Purpose Output Port Utilization
Table 4-21.
82371 South Bridge General Purpose Output Port Utilization
GP Output Port
GPO #0
GPO #1-7
GPO #8
GPO #9
GPO #10
GPO #11
GPO #12
GPO #13
GPO #14
GPO #15
GPO #16
GPO #17
GPO #18
GPO #19
GPO #20
GPO #21
GPO #22, 23
GPO #24
GPO #25
GPO #26
GPO #27
GPO #28
GPO #29
GPO #30
Function
PCI reset. When low will generate a PCI RST- to PCI slots.
ISA bus address signals LA17-23.
Power button mode: When cleared puts button in ACPI mode. When set puts button in
legacy mode.
Clear magic packet status: When cleared (0) clears GPI #2.
Clear ring status: When cleared (0), clears GPI #3
CMOS battery set: When set and then cleared (1,0) sets GPI #5 after CMOS initialization
after low battery condition.
Diskette drive write protect: When cleared, prevents all writes to diskette, is set (1) for
normal (diskette determines) protection.
BIOS ROM write-protect: When cleared disables write protection (allow ROM flashing),
write 1 to write-protect ROM.
Wake up function clock. Write 0, 1, then 0 successively to load the values of power
management event (GPO #26), ring (GPO #27), and magic packet (GPO #28) into a control
latch.
Not used.
Power management suspend control signal.
CPU clock stop. When cleared inhibits the clock generator from producing CPU clock.
PCI clock stop. When cleared inhibits the clock generator from producing PCI clock.
Sleep LED control. When set results in power LED to blink at 1 Hz. When cleared, power
LED is continuously on.
Power management suspension control signal.
Not used.
X-bus control signals.
Not used.
SMI generation control signal.
Power management event control: When set (1), inhibits PME- generation. When cleared
(0) enables PME- generation.
Ring event enable/disable: When cleared, inhibits RING- generation. When set enables
RING- generation.
Magic packet enable/disable: When set, inhibits MPKT- generation. When cleared, enables
MPKT- generation.
Power state restore after power outage: When cleared, will cause system to power up “off”
following power restoration (unless AC-On DIP switch is set to “On”). When set, system
will revert to power state prior to outage. Diagnostic and ROMPAQ software clears this bit.
Fan control. When cleared, chassis and power supply fans are disabled. When set, chassis
and power supply fans are enabled. On-board circuitry does not override this function.
4-48 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.7.3
87309 I/O CONTROLLER CONFIGURATION
The 87309 I/O controller contains various functions such as the keyboard/mouse interfaces,
diskette interface, serial interfaces, and parallel interface. While the control of these interfaces
uses standard AT-type I/O addressing, the configuration of these functions uses indexed ports
unique to the 87307. These systems use I/O addresses 015Ch and 015Dh at reset as the
Index/Data ports for accessing the logical devices within the 87309. The 87309 is set in PnP
motherboard mode. The integrated logical devices are listed as follows:
Table 4-18 lists the PnP standard configuration registers for the 87309.
Table 4–22. 87309 I/O Controller PnP Standard Configuration Registers
Table 4-22.
87309 I/O Controller PnP Standard Configuration Registers
Index
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
20h
21h
22h
23h
24h
NOTES:
Function
Set RD_DATA Port
Serial Isolation
Configuration Control
Wake (CSN)
Resource Data
Status
Card Select Number (CSN)
Logical Device Select:
00h = Diskette Controller
01h = Parallel Port
02h = UART 2 (Serial Port B)
03h = UART 1 (Serial Port A)
04h = Power Management
05h = Mouse I/F
06h = Keyboard I/F
Super I/O ID Register (SID)
SIO Configuration 1 Register
SIO Configuration 1 Register
Programmable Chip Select Configuration Index
Programmable Chip Select Configuration Data
Reset Value
00h
00h
00h
06h
A0h
16h
02h
00h
00h
For a detailed description of registers refer to appropriate National documentation.
The configuration registers are accessed using the follow procedure:
1. Write the index value of the desired register to 015Ch.
2. Write/READ the data value to 015Dh.
Each logical device selected through indexed register 07h has a set of PnP control, space
configuration, and interrupt configuration registers associated with it. These PnP control registers
are discussed later in chapter 5.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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4-49
Chapter 4 System Support
4.8
SYSTEM MANAGEMENT SUPPORT
This section describes the hardware support of functions involving security, safety, identification,
and power consumption of the system. The following sections describe the system management
functions. Any BIOS interaction required of these functions is described in Chapter 7, “BIOS
ROM.”
4.8.1
FLASH ROM WRITE PROTECT
The system BIOS firmware is contained in a flash ROM device that can be re-written with
updated code if necessary. During the boot sequence, the BIOS checks for the presence of the
ROMPAQ diskette. The system ROM is write-protected as follows:
Start Addr.
C0000h
F0000h
F8000h
FA000h
End Addr.
EFFFFh
F7FFFh
F9FFFh
FFFFFh
Data Type
Option ROM
System BIOS
ESCD
Boot Block
Protection
Write-protected
Write-protected
Never write-protected
Always write-protected
The write-protected portions of ROM are protected through GPO port 13.
4.8.2
USER SECURITY
When enabled, the user is prompted to enter the power-on password during POST. If an
incorrect entry is made, the system halts and does not boot. The Power-On password is stored in
eight bytes at configuration memory locations 37h-3Fh. These locations are physically located
within the 87309.
The power-on password function can be disabled by setting DIP SW1 position 1 to on (closed).
The administrator password is stored in eight bytes at configuration memory locations 78h-7Fh.
If the administrator password function is enabled, the user is prompted to enter the password
before running F10-Setup or before booting from a ROMPAQ diskette. If an incorrect entry is
made, the system halts and does not boot.
The QuickLock feature allows, if enabled in F10-Setup through CMOS location 13h bit <2>, the
user to lock the keyboard and mouse by invoking the Ctrl-Alt-L keystrokes. This initiates an SMI
and the SMI handler then takes the action required to lock the keyboard. If the QuickBlank
feature is enabled at that time then the screen will be blanked as well. The user then must enter
the power-on password to re-activate the keyboard and/or display .
NOTE: Although the SMI is used for initiating QuickLock/QuickBlank functions, these
functions are not considered power management features.
4-50 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
4.8.3
I/O SECURITY
The 87309 I/O controller allows various I/O functions (serial, parallel, diskette I/O) to be
disabled through configuration registers.
4.8.4
POWER MANAGEMENT
This system provides baseline hardware support of ACPI- and APM-compliant firmware and
software. The major power-consuming components (processor, chipset, I/O controller, and fan)
can be placed into a reduced power mode upon software command either automatically or by user
control. The system can then be brought back up (“wake-up”) by any of a number of events
defined by the ACPI specification. The ACPI wake-up events supported by this system are listed
as follows:
ACPI Wake-UpEvent
Power Button
RTC Alarm
Wake On LAN (w/NIC)
PME
Serial Ring
Voice (w/audio supporting PME)
USB
System Wakes From
Sleep/Soft-Off
Sleep/Soft-Off
Sleep/Soft-Off
Sleep/Soft-Off
Sleep/Soft-Off
Sleep/Soft-Off
Sleep
4.8.4.1 Power Button
This system uses an ACPI-compliant power button that also provides a legacy mode as well. In
legacy mode the system is alternately powered on or off each time button is pressed and released.
In ACPI mode the power supply, when on, will turn off only after the button is pressed and held
for over four seconds. The power button mode is determine by GPO #8, which is controlled by
BIOS during POST. The system also provides several choices regarding the power-up state
following loss of power and these choices are described in Chapter 7 “Power and Signal
Distribution.”
4.8.4.2 Fan Control
All models contain a power supply with a fan that can be turned off by system board logic during
sleep states. The 66-MHz slot 1 system also includes a chassis fan that can be shut off by the
same system board logic. In addition, the chassis fan contains a thermistor that controls fan speed
during normal operation according to the temperature of the air being moved.
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First Edition–- April 1998
4-51
Chapter 4 System Support
4.8.4.3 HARD DRIVE SPINDOWN CONTROL
The timeout parameter stored in the SIT record 04h and indexed through CMOS location 2Ah
(bits <4..0>) represents the period of hard drive inactivity required to elapse before the hard drive
is allowed to spin down. The timeout value is downloaded from CMOS to a timer on the hard
drive. The timeout period can be set in incremental values of 0 (timeout disabled), 10, 15
(default), 20, 30, and 60 minutes. A timed-out and spun-down hard drive will automatically spin
back up upon the next drive access. It is normal for the user to detect a certain amount of access
latency in this situation.
4.8.4.4 MONITOR POWER CONTROL
The VESA display power management signaling protocol defines different power consumption
conditions and uses the HSYNC and VSYNC signals of the monitor interface to select a
monitor’s power condition. This capability is dependent on the graphics controller employed in
the system. For compliance to the monitor power control feature refer to the applicable appendix
for the installed graphics controller card.
4-52 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 5
INPUT/OUTPUT INTERFACES
5.
5.1
Chapter 5 INPUT/OUTPUT INTERFACES
INTRODUCTION
This chapter describes the system’s interfaces that provide input and output (I/O) porting of data
and specifically discusses interfaces that are controlled through I/O-mapped registers. The I/O
interfaces are functions integrated into the south bridge and 87309 components. The following
I/O interfaces are covered in this chapter:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
5.2
Enhanced IDE (EIDE) interface (5.2)
Diskette drive interface (5.3)
Serial interface (5.4)
Parallel interface (5.5)
Keyboard/pointing device interface (5.6)
Universal serial bus interface (5.7)
page 5-1
page 5-10
page 5-15
page 5-21
page 5-28
page 5-35
ENHANCED IDE INTERFACE
The enhanced IDE (EIDE) interface consists of primary and secondary controllers (integrated
into the south bridge component) that can support two IDE devices each. Devices that typically
connect to the IDE interface include hard drives, CD-ROM drives, power (writeable CD-ROM)
drives, and 120-MB floptical drives.
Two 40-pin keyed IDE data connectors (one for each controller) are provided on the system
board. Each board connector can support two devices and can be configured independently for
PIO or bus master (DMA) operation. DMA operation including Ultra ATA (UATA) modes up to
mode 2 (33 MB/s) are supported by both IDE controllers.
NOTE: With only device connected to a controller a 40-conductor cable 10 inches or
shorter will allow UATA mode 2 (33 MB/s) operation. Two devices on the same 40pin/10” cable will limit operation to UATA mode 1 (25 MB/s). For a controller to
provide UATA mode 2 operation with two devices connected an optional 80-conductor
is required. Pin 34 on the IDE interface is used by BIOS for 40-/80-conductor cable
detection. On the 40-conductor cable pin 34 is high (+5 VDC). On the 80-conductor
cable pin 34 is low (grounded).
5.2.1
IDE PROGRAMMING
The IDE interface is configured as a PCI device and controlled through standard I/O mapped
registers.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-1
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.2.1.1 IDE Configuration Registers
The configuration registers of the IDE controller are integrated into the south bridge (82371EB)
component and configured as a PCI device with bus mastering capability. The PCI configuration
registers for the IDE controller function (PCI device #20, function #1) are listed in Table 5-1.
Table 5–1. IDE PCI Configuration Registers
Table 5-1.
EIDE PCI Configuration Registers (82371, Function 1)
PCI
Conf.
Addr.
00-01h
02-03h
04-05h
06-07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Dh
0Eh
0F-1Fh
-NOTE:
Register
Vender ID
Device ID
PCI Command
PCI Status
Revision ID
Programming
Sub-Class
Base Class Code
Master Latency Timer
Header Type
Reserved
--
Value
on
Reset
8086h
7111h
0000h
0000h
0Ah
01h
01h
80h
00h
80h
--
PCI
Conf.
Addr.
20-23h
24-3Fh
40, 41h
42, 43h
44h
45-47h
48h
49h
4A, 4Bh
4C-F7h
F8-FBh
FC-FFh
Register
BMIDE Base Address
Reserved
IDE Timing (Primary)
IDE Timng (Secondary)
Slave IDE Timing
Reserved
Ultra ATA Control
Reserved
Ultra ATA Timing
Reserved
Manufacture’s ID
Reserved
Assume unmarked gaps are reserved and/or not used.
Refer to VIA or Intel documentation for detailed description of registers.
5-2 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Value
on
Reset
1
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
Technical Reference Guide
5.2.1.2 IDE Bus Master Control Registers
The IDE interface supports drives that can operate using Ultra ATA protocol by initiating PCI
bus master operations using the I/O mapped control registers listed in Table 5-2.
Table 5–2. IDE Bus Master Control Registers
Table 5-2.
IDE Bus Master Control Registers
I/O Addr.
Offset
00h
02h
04h
08h
0Ah
0Ch
Size
(Bytes)
2
2
4
2
2
4
Register
Bus Master IDE Command (Primary)
Bus Master IDE Status (Primary)
Bus Master IDE Descriptor Ptr (Pri.)
Bus Master IDE Command (Secondary)
Bus Master IDE Status (Secondary)
Bus Master IDE Descriptor Ptr (Sec.)
Default
Value
0000h
0000h
0000 0000h
0000h
0000h
0000 0000h
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-3
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.2.1.3 IDE ATA Control Registers
The IDE controller decodes the addressing of the standard AT attachment (ATA) registers for the
connected IDE drive, which is where the ATA control registers actually reside. The primary and
secondary interface connectors are mapped as shown in Table 5-3.
Table 5–3. IDE ATA Control Registers
Table 5-3.
IDE ATA Control Registers
Primary
I/O Addr.
1F0h
1F1h
1F1h
1F2h
1F3h
1F4h
1F5h
1F6h
1F7h
1F7h
3F6h
3F6h
3F7h
3F7h
Secondary
I/O Addr.
170h
171h
171h
172h
173h
174h
175h
176h
177h
177h
376h
376h
377h
377h
Register
Data
Error
Features
Sector Count
Sector Number
Cylinder Low
Cylinder High
Drive/Head
Status
Command
Alternate Status
Drive Control
Drive Address
n/a for hard drive
R/W
R/W
R
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
W
R
W
R
W
The following paragraphs describe the IDE ATA control registers.
Data Register, I/O Port 1F0h/170h
This register is used for transferring all data to and from the hard drive controller. This register
is also used for transferring the sector table during format commands. All transfers are highspeed 16-bit I/O operation except for Error Correction Code (ECC) bytes during Read/Write
Long commands.
Error Register, I/O Port 1F1h/171h (Read Only)
The Error register contains error status from the last command executed by the hard drive
controller. The contents of this register are valid when the following conditions exist:
♦
♦
Error bit is set in the Status register
Hard drive controller has completed execution of its internal diagnostics
5-4 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
The contents of the Error register are interpreted as a diagnostic status byte after the execution of
a diagnostic command or when the system is initialized.
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Bad Block Mark Detected in Requested Sector ID Field (if set)
Non-correctable Data Error (if set)
Reserved
Requested Sector ID Field Not Found (if set)
Reserved
Requested Command Aborted Due To Invalid Hard Drive
Status or Invalid Command Code (if set)
Track 0 Not Found During Re-calibration Command (if set)
Data Address Mark Not Found After Correct ID Field (if set)
Set Features Register, I/O Port 1F1h/171h (Write Only)
This register is command-specific and may be used to enable and disable features of the interface.
Sector Count Register, I/O Port 1F2h/172h
This register defines either:
♦ the number of sectors of data to be read or written
or
♦ the number of sectors per track for format commands
If the value in this register is zero, a count of 256 sectors is specified. The sector count is
decremented as each sector is accessed, so that the value indicates the number of sectors left to
access when an error occurs in a multi-sector operation. During the Initialize Drive Parameters
command, this register contains the number of sectors per track.
Sector Number Register, I/O Port 1F3h/173h
The Sector Number register contains the starting sector number for a hard drive access.
Cylinder Low, Cylinder High Registers, I/O Port 1F4h, 1F5h/174h, 175h
These registers contain the starting cylinder number for each hard drive access. The three mostsignificant bits of the value are held in byte address 1F5h (bits <2..0>) while the remaining bits
are held in location 1F4h.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-5
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
Drive Select/Head Register, I/O Port 1F6h/176h
Bit
7
6,5
4
3..0
Function
Reserved
Sector Size:
00 = Reserved
01 = 512 bytes/sector
10, 11 = Reserved
Drive Select:
0 = Drive 1
1 = Drive 2
Head Select Number:
0000 = 0
1000 = 8
0001 = 1
1001 = 9
0010 = 2
1010 = 10
0011 = 3
1011 = 11
0100 = 4
1100 = 12
0101 = 5
1101 = 13
0110 = 6
1110 = 14
0111 = 7
1111 = 15
NOTE:
Setting bit <4> to 1 when Drive 2 is not present may cause remaining
controller registers to not respond until Drive 1 is selected again.
Status Register, I/O Port 1F7h/177h (Read Only)
The contents of this register are updated at the completion of each command. If the Busy bit is
set, no other bits are valid. Reading this register clears the IRQ14 interrupt.
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Controller Busy. If set, controller is executing a command.
READY- Signal Active (if set).
WRITE FAULT- Signal Active (if set).
SEEK COMPLETE- Signal Active (if set)
Data Request. If set, the controller is ready for a byte or wordlength data transfer. Bit should be verified before each transfer.
Correctable Data Error Flag. If set, data error has occurred and
has been corrected.
INDEX- Signal Active (if set).
Error Detected. When set, indicates error has occurred. Other
bits in register should be checked to determine error source.
NOTE:
Register status of an error condition does not change
until register is read.
The alternate Status register at location 3F6h holds the same status data as location 1F7h but
does not clear hardware conditions when read.
5-6 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Command Register, I/O Port 1F7h/177h (Write Only)
The IDE controller commands are written to this register. The command write action should be
prefaced with the loading of data into the appropriate registers. Execution begins when the
command is written to 1F7h/177h. Table 5-4 lists the standard IDE commands.
Table 5–4. IDE Controller Commands
Table 5-4.
IDE Controller Commands
Command
Initialize Drive Parameters
Seek
Recalibrate
Read Sectors with Retries
Read Long with Retries
Write Sectors with Retries
Write Long with Retries
Verify Sectors with Retries
Format Track
Execute Controller Diagnostic
Idle
Idle Immediate
Enter Low Power and Enable/Disable Timeout
Enter Idle and Enable/Disable Timeout
Check Status
Identify
Read Buffer
Write Buffer
NOP
Read DMA with Retry
Read DMA without Retry
Read Multiple
Set Features
Set Multiple Mode
Sleep
Standby
Standby Immediate
Write DMA with Retry
Write DMA without Retry
Write Multiple
Write Same
Write Verify
* Without retries, add one to the value.
Value
91h
7xh
1xh
20h*
22h*
30h*
32h*
40h
50h
90h
97h, E3h
95h, E1h
96h
97h
98h
ECh
E4h
E8h
00h
C8h
C9h
C4h
EFh
C6h
99h, E6h
96h, E2h
94h, E0h
CAh
CBh
C5h
E9h
3Ch
Alternate Status Register, I/O Port 3F6h/376h (Read Only)
The alternate Status register at location 3F6h holds the same status data as location 1F7h but
does not clear hardware conditions when read.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-7
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
Drive Control Register, I/O Port 3F6h/376h (Write Only)
Bit
7..3
2
1
0
Function
Reserved
Controller Control:
0 = Re-enable
1 = Reset
Interrupt Enable/Disable
0 = Disable interrupts
1 = Enable interrupts
Reserved
Drive Access Register, I/O Port 3F7h/377h (Read Only)
Bit
7
6
5..2
1,0
Function
Reserved
WRITE GATE- Signal Active (if set)
Head Select:
0000 = 15
1000 = 7
0001 = 14
1001 = 6
0010 = 13
1010 = 5
0011 = 12
1011 = 4
0100 = 11
1100 = 3
0101 = 10
1101 = 2
0110 = 9
1110 = 1
0111 = 8
1111 = 0
Drive Select:
00 = Disabled
01 = Drive 1 selected
10 = Drive 0 selected
11 = Invalid
5-8 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
5.2.2
IDE CONNECTOR
This system uses a standard 40-pin connector for IDE devices. Device power is supplied through
a separate connector.
Figure 5–1. 40-Pin IDE Connector.
Table 5–5. 40-Pin IDE Connector Pinout
Table 5-5.
40-Pin IDE Connector Pinout
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
NOTES:
Signal
RESETGND
DD7
DD8
DD6
DD9
DD5
DD10
DD4
DD11
DD3
DD12
DD2
DD13
DD1
DD14
DD0
DD15
GND
--
Description
Reset
Ground
Data Bit <7>
Data Bit <8>
Data Bit <6>
Data Bit <9>
Data Bit <5>
Data Bit <10>
Data Bit <4>
Data Bit <11>
Data Bit <3>
Data Bit <12>
Data Bit <2>
Data Bit <13>
Data Bit <1>
Data Bit <14>
Data Bit <0>
Data Bit <15>
Ground
Key
Pin
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Signal
DRQ
GND
IOWGND
IORGND
IORDY
CSEL
DAKGND
IRQn
IO16DA1
DSKPDIAG
DA0
DA2
CS0CS1HDACTIVEGND
Description
DMA Request
Ground
I/O Write
Ground
I/O Read
Ground
I/O Channel Ready
Cable Select
DMA Acknowledge
Ground
Interrupt Request [1]
16-bit I/O
Address 1
Pass Diagnostics
Address 0
Address 2
Chip Select
Chip Select
Drive Active (front panel LED) [2]
Ground
[1] Primary connector wired to IRQ14, secondary connector wired to IRQ15.
[2] Pin 39 is used for spindle sync and drive activity (becomes SPSYNC/DACT-)
when synchronous drive is connected.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-9
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.3
DISKETTE DRIVE INTERFACE
The diskette drive interface supports up to two diskette drives through a standard 34-pin diskette
drive connector. All models come standard with a 3.5 inch 1.44-MB diskette drive installed as
drive A. An additional diskette drive may be installed, requiring an optional three-connector
diskette drive cable.
On all models, the diskette drive interface function is integrated into the 87309 I/O controller
component. The internal logic of the I/O controller is software-compatible with standard 82077type logic. The interface supports standard transfer rates of 250/500 Kbps and 300/500 Kbps, as
well as 1 Mbps for current high-performance drives. Data transfers are typically handled using
DMA protocol. The diskette drive controller has three operational phases in the following order:
♦
♦
♦
Command phase - The controller receives the command from the system.
Execution phase - The controller carries out the command.
Results phase - Status and results data is read back from the controller to the system.
The Command phase consists of several bytes written in series from the CPU to the data register
(3F5h/375h). The first byte identifies the command and the remaining bytes define the
parameters of the command. The Main Status register (3F4h/374h) provides data flow control
for the diskette drive controller and must be polled between each byte transfer during the
Command phase.
The Execution phase starts as soon as the last byte of the Command phase is received. An
Execution phase may involve the transfer of data to and from the diskette drive, a mechnical
control function of the drive, or an operation that remains internal to the diskette drive controller.
Data transfers (writes or reads) with the diskette drive controller are by DMA, using the DRQ2
and DACK2- signals for control.
The Results phase consists of the CPU reading a series of status bytes (from the data register
(3F5h/375h)) that indicate the results of the command. Note that some commands do not have a
Result phase, in which case the Execution phase can be followed by a Command phase.
During periods of inactivity, the diskette drive controller is in a non-operation mode known as
the Idle phase.
5-10 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
5.3.1
DISKETTE DRIVE PROGRAMMING
5.3.1.1 Diskette Drive Interface Configuration
The diskette drive controller must be configured for a specific address and also must be enabled
before it can be used. Address selection and enabling of the diskette drive interface are affected
by firmware through the PnP configuration registers of the 87309 I/O controller.
The PnP configuration registers are accessed through I/O registers 15Ch (index) and 15Dh
(data). The diskette drive I/F is initiated by firmware selecting logical device 0 of the 87309. This
is accomplished by the following sequence:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Write 07h to I/O register 15Ch.
Write 00h to I/O register 15Dh (this selects the diskette drive I/F).
Write 30h to I/O register 15Ch.
Write 01h to I/O register 15Dh (this activates the interface).
The diskette drive I/F configuration registers are listed in the following table:
Table 5–6. Diskette Drive Controller Configuration Registers
Table 5-6.
Diskette Drive Interface Configuration Registers
Index
Address
30h
31h
60h
61h
70h
71h
74h
75h
F0h
F1h
Function
Activate
I/O Range Check
Base Address MSB
Base Address LSB
Interrupt Select
Interrupt Type
DMA Channel Select
Report DMA Assignment
Configuration Data
Drive ID
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
RO
R/W
R/W
Reset
Value
01h
00h
03h
F0h
06h
03h
02h
04h
---
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-11
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.3.1.2 Diskette Drive Interface Control
The BIOS function INT 13 provides basic control of the diskette drive interface. The diskette
drive interface can be controlled by software through I/O-mapped registers listed in Table 5-7.
Table 5–7. Diskette Drive Controller Registers
Table 5-7.
Diskette Drive Interface Control Registers
Primary
Address
3F1h
3F2h
3F4h
3F5h
3F7h
Alternate
Address
371h
372h
374h
375h
377h
Register
Media ID
Drive Control
Main Status
Data
Drive Status
Data Transfer Rate
R/W
R
W
R
R/W
R
W
The base address (3F1h or 371h) and enabling of the diskette drive controller is selected through
the Function Enable Register (FER, addr. 399.00h) of the 87309 I/O controller. Address selection
and enabling is automatically done by the BIOS during POST but can also be accomplished with
the Setup utility and other software.
The following paragraphs describe the diskette drive interface control registers.
Media ID Register, I/O Port 3F1h/371h (Read Only)
Bit
7..5
4..2
1,0
Function
Media Type:
xx1 = Invalid
000 = 5.25 inch drive
010 = 2.88 MB (3.5 inch drive)
100 = 1.44 MB (3.5 inch drive)
110 = 720 KB (3.5 inch drive)
Reserved
Tape Select:
00 = None
10 = Drive 2
01 = Drive 1
11 = Drive 3
Drive Control Register, I/O Port 3F2h/372h (Write Only)
Bit
7,6
5
4
3
2
1,0
Function
Reserved
Drive 2 Motor
0 = Off, 1 = On
Drive 1 Motor
0 = Off, 1 = On
Interrupt / DMA Enable
0 = Disabled, 1 = Enabled
Controller Enable
0 = Reset controller, 1 = Enable controller
Drive Select
00 = Drive 1
01 = Drive 2
10 = Reserved
11 = Tape drive
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Technical Reference Guide
Main Status Register, I/O Port 3F4h/374h (Read Only)
Bit
7
6
5
4
3..0
Function
Request for Master. When set, indicates the controller is ready
to send or receive data from the CPU. Cleared immediately
after a byte transfer. Indicates interrupt pin status during nonDMA phase.
Data I/O Direction.
0 = Expecting a write
1 = Expecting a read
Non-DMA Execution. When set, indicates controller is in the
execution phase of a byte transfer in non-DMA mode.
Command In Progress. When set, indicates that first byte of
command phase has been received. Cleared when last byte in
result phase is read.
Drive Busy Indicators. Bit is set after the last byte of the
command phase of a seek or recalibrate command is given by
the corresponding drive:
<3>, Drive 3
<2>, Drive 2
<1>, Drive 1
<0>, Drive 0
Data Register, I/O Port 3F5h/375h
Data commands are written to, and data and status bytes are read from this register.
Data Transfer Rate Register, I/O Port 3F7h/377h (Write Only)
Bit
7
6
5
4..2
1,0
Function
Software Reset
Low Power Mode (if set)
Reserved
Write Precompensation Delay
000 = Default values for selected data rate (default)
Data Rate Select:
00 = 500 Kb/s
01 = 300 Kb/s
10 = 250 Kb/s
11 = 1 or 2 Mb/s (depending on TUP reg. Bit <1>)
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-13
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.3.2
DISKETTE DRIVE CONNECTOR
This system uses a standard 34-pin connector (refer to Figure 5-2 and Table 5-8 for the pinout)
for diskette drives. Drive power is supplied through a separate connector.
2
4
1
6
8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34
5
7
9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33
Figure 5–2. 34-Pin Diskette Drive Connector.
Table 5–8. 34-Pin Diskette Drive Connector Pinout
Table 5-8.
34-Pin Diskette Drive Connector Pinout
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Signal
GND
LOW DEN--MEDIA IDGND
DRV 4 SELGND
INDEXGND
MTR 1 ONGND
DRV 2 SELGND
DRV 1 SELGND
MTR 2 ONGND
Description
Ground
Low density select
(KEY)
Media identification
Ground
Drive 4 select
Ground
Media index is detected
Ground
Activates drive motor
Ground
Drive 2 select
Ground
Drive 1 select
Ground
Activates drive motor
Ground
Pin
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
5-14 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Signal
DIRGND
STEPGND
WR DATAGND
WR ENABLEGND
TRK 00GND
WR PRTKGND
RD DATAGND
SIDE SELGND
DSK CHG-
Description
Drive head direction control
Ground
Drive head track step control
Ground
Write data
Ground
Enable for WR DATAGround
Heads at track 00 indicator
Ground
Media write protect status
Ground
Data and clock read off disk
Ground
Head select (side 0 or 1)
Ground
Drive door opened indicator
Technical Reference Guide
5.4
SERIAL INTERFACE
The serial interface transmits and receives asynchronous serial data with external devices. The
serial interface function is provided by the 87309 I/O controller component, which integrates a
16550/16450-compatible UART. The UART is paired with a DB-9 connector and complies with
the RS-232 standard.
5.4.1
RS-232 INTERFACE
The DB-9 connector-based interface complies with EIA standard RS-232-C, which includes
modem control signals and supports baud rates up to 115.2 Kbps. The DB-9 connector is shown
in the following figure and the pinout of the connector is listed in Table 5-9.
Figure 5–3. Serial Interface Connector (Male DB-9 as viewed from rear of chassis)
Table 5–9. DB-9 Serial Connector Pinout
Table 5-9.
DB-9 Serial Connector Pinout
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Signal
CD
RX Data
TX Data
DTR
GND
Description
Carrier Detect
Receive Data
Transmit Data
Data Terminal Ready
Ground
Pin
6
7
8
9
--
Signal
DSR
RTS
CTS
RI
--
Description
Data Set Ready
Request To Send
Clear To Send
Ring Indicator
--
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-15
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.4.2
SERIAL INTERFACE PROGRAMMING
5.4.2.1 Serial Interface Configuration
The serial interfaces must be configured for a specific address range (COM1, COM2, etc.) and
also must be activated before it can be used. Address selection and activation of the serial
interface are affected through the PnP configuration registers of the 87309 I/O controller.
The PnP configuration registers are accessed through I/O registers 15Ch (index) and 15Dh
(data). The serial interfaces are initiated by firmware selecting logical device 2 and 3 of the
87309. This is accomplished by the following sequence:
1. Write 07h to I/O register 15Ch.
2. Write 02h (for UART2) or 03h (for UART 1) to I/O register 15Dh.
3. Write 30h to I/O register 15Ch.
4. Write 01h to I/O register 15Dh (this activates the interface).
The serial interface configuration registers are listed in the following table:
Table 5–10. Serial Interface Configuration Registers
Table 5-10.
Serial Interface Configuration Registers
Index
Address
30h
31h
60h
61h
70h
71h
74h
75h
F0h
Function
Activate
I/O Range Check
Base Address MSB
Base Address LSB
Interrupt Select
Interrupt Type
DMA Channel Select
Report DMA Assignment
Configuration Data
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
RO
R/W
5-16 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Reset
Value
00h
00h
03h
F8h
04h
03h
04h
04h
--
Technical Reference Guide
5.4.2.2 Serial Interface Control
The BIOS function INT 14 provides basic control of the serial interface. The serial interface can
be controlled by software through the registers listed in Table 5-11.
Table 5–11. Serial Interface Control Registers
Table 5-11.
Serial Interface Control Registers
Address
Register
Base
Receive Buffer / Transmit Holding [1]
Base, Base + 1
Baud Rate Divisor Latch [2]
Base + 1
Interrupt Enable
Base + 2
Interrupt ID
Base + 3
Line Control
Base + 4
Modem Control
Base + 5
Line Status
Base + 6
Modem Status
Base + 7
Scratch Pad
NOTES:
Base Address:
COM1 = 3F8h
COM2 = 2F8h
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
RO
R/W
R/W
RO
RO
R/W
[1] This register holds receive data when read from and transmit data when written to.
[2] When bit <7> of the Line Control register is set (1), writing to 3F8h and 3F9h
programs the divisor rate for the baud rate generator.
Receive Buffer / Transmit Holding Register, I/O Port 3F8h/2F8h
When read by the CPU, this byte contains receive data. When written to by the CPU, the byte
contains data to be transmitted.
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First Edition - April 1998
5-17
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
Baud Rate Divisor Latch Register, I/O Port 3F8h, 3F9h/2F8, 2F9h
When bit <7> of the Line Control register is set (1), a write to this pair of locations loads the
decimal value used to divide the 1.8462-MHz clock to create the desired baud rate for serial
transmission. The possible baud rates are shown as follows:
Baud Rate
50
75
110
134.5
150
300
600
1200
1800
2000
Decimal Divisor
2304
1536
1047
857
768
384
192
96
64
58
Baud Rate
2400
3600
4800
7200
9600
19200
38400
57600
115200
Decimal Divisor
48
32
24
16
12
6
3
2
1
Divisor = 1846200 / (Desired baud rate X 16)
Interrupt Enable Register, I/O Port 3F9h/2F9h
Bits <3..0> of this register are used for enabling interrupt sources. A set bit enables interrupt
generation by the associated source.
Bit
7..4
3
2
1
0
Function
Reserved
Modem Status Interrupt Enable (if set) (CTS, DSR, RI, CD)
Receiver Line Status Interrupt Enable (if set) (Overrun error,
parity error, framing error, break)
Transmitter Holding Register Empty Interrupt Enable (if set)
Baud Rate Divisor Interrupt Enable (if set)
Interrupt ID Register, I/O Port 3FAh/2FAh (Read Only)
This read-only register indicates the serial controller as the source of the interrupt (bit <0>) as
well as the reason (bits <3..1>) for the interrupt. Reading this register clears the interrupt and
sets bit <0>.
Bit
7,6
5,4
3..1
0
Function
FIFO Enable/Disable
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Reserved
Interrupt Source:
000 = Modem status (lowest priority)
001 = Transmitter holding reg. Empty
010 = Received data available
011 = Receiver line status reg.
100,101 = Reserved
110 = Character time-out (highest priority)
111 = Reserved
Interrupt Pending (if cleared)
5-18 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
FIFO Control Register, I/O Port 3FAh/2FAh (Write Only)
This write-only register enables and clears the FIFOs and set the trigger level and DMA mode.
Bit
7,6
5..3
2
1
0
Function
Receiver Trigger Level
00 = 1 byte
10 = 8 bytes
01 = 4 bytes
11 = 14 bytes
Reserved
Transmit FIFO Reset (if set)
Receive FIFO Reset (if set)
FIFOs Enable/Disable
0 = Disable TX/RX FIFOs, 1 = Enable TX/RX FIFOs
Line Control Register, I/O Port 3FBh/2FBh
This register specifies the data transmission format.
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1,0
Function
RX Buffer / TX Holding Reg. And Divisor Rate Reg. Access
0 = RX buffer, TX holding reg., and Interrupt En. Reg. Are accessable.
1 = Divisor Latch reg. is accessable.
Break Control (forces SOUT signal low if set)
Stick Parity. If set, even parity bit is logic 0, odd parity bit is logic 1
Parity Type
0 = Odd, 1 = Even
Parity Enable:
0 = Disabled,
1 = Enabled
Stop Bit:
0 = 1 stop bit,
1 = 2 stop bits
Word Size:
00 = 5 bits
10 = 7 bits
01 = 6 bits
11 = 8 bits
Modem Control Register, I/O Port 3FCh/2FCh
This register controls the modem signal lines
Bit
7..5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Reserved
Internal Loopback Enabled (if set)
Serial Interface Interrupts Enabled (if set)
Reserved
RTS Signal Active (if set)
DTR Signal Active (if set)
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-19
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
Line Status Register, I/O Port 3FDh/2FDh (Read Only)
This register contains the status of the current data transfer. Bits <2..0> are cleared when read.
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Parity Error, Framing Error, or Break Cond. Exists (if set)
TX Holding Reg. and Transmitter Shift Reg. Are Empty (if set)
TX Holding Reg. Is Empty (if set)
Break Interrupt Has Occurred (if set)
Framing Error Has Occurred (if set
Parity Error Has Occurred (if set)
Overrun Error Has Occurred (if set)
Data Register Ready To Be Read (if set)
Modem Status Register, I/O Port 3FEh/2FEh (Read Only)
This register contains the status of the modem signal lines. A set bit indicates that the associated
signal is active.
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
DCD- Active
RI- Active
DSR Active
CTS Active
DCD- Changed Since Last Read
RI- Changed From Low to High Since Last Read
DSR- Has Changed State Since Last Read
CTS- Has Changed State Since Last Read
Scratch Pad Register, I/O Port 3FFh/2FFh
This register is not used in this system.
5-20 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
5.5
PARALLEL INTERFACE
The parallel interface provides connection to a peripheral device that has a compatible interface,
the most common being a printer. The parallel interface function is integrated into the 87309 I/O
controller component and provides bi-directional 8-bit parallel data transfers with a peripheral
device. The parallel interface supports three modes of operation:
♦
♦
♦
Standard Parallel Port (SPP) mode
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) mode
Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) mode
These three modes provide complete support as specified for an IEEE 1284 parallel port.
5.5.1
STANDARD PARALLEL PORT MODE
The Standard Parallel Port (SPP) mode uses software-based protocol and includes two sub-modes
of operation, compatible and extended, both of which can provide data transfers up to 150 KB/s.
In the compatible mode, CPU write data is simply presented on the eight data lines. A CPU read
of the parallel port yields the last data byte that was written.
The following steps define the standard procedure for communicating with a printing device:
1.
2.
3.
The system checks the Printer Status register. If the Busy, Paper Out, or Printer Fault signals
are indicated as being active, the system either waits for a status change or generates an error
message.
The system sends a byte of data to the Printer Data register, then pulses the printer STROBE
signal (through the Printer Control register) for at least 500 ns.
The system then monitors the Printer Status register for acknowledgment of the data byte
before sending the next byte.
In extended mode, a direction control bit (CTR 37Ah, bit <5>) controls the latching of output
data while allowing a CPU read to fetch data present on the data lines, thereby providing bidirectional parallel transfers to occur.
The SPP mode uses three registers for operation: the Data register (DTR), the Status register
(STR) and the Control register (CTR). Address decoding in SPP mode includes address lines A0
and A1.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-21
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.5.2
ENHANCED PARALLEL PORT MODE
In Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) mode, increased data transfers are possible (up to 2 MB/s) due
to a hardware protocol that provides automatic address and strobe generation. EPP revisions 1.7
and 1.9 are both supported. For the parallel interface to be initialized for EPP mode, a
negotiation phase is entered to detect whether or not the connected peripheral is compatible with
EPP mode. If compatible, then EPP mode can be used. In EPP mode, system timing is closely
coupled to EPP timing. A watchdog timer is used to prevent system lockup.
Five additional registers are available in EPP mode to handle 16- and 32-bit CPU accesses with
the parallel interface. Address decoding includes address lines A0, A1, and A2.
5.5.3
EXTENDED CAPABILITIES PORT MODE
The Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) mode, like EPP, also uses a hardware protocol-based
design that supports transfers up to 2 MB/s. Automatic generation of addresses and strobes as
well as Run Length Encoding (RLE) decompression is supported by ECP mode. The ECP mode
includes a bi-directional FIFO buffer that can be accessed by the CPU using DMA or
programmed I/O. For the parallel interface to be initialized for ECP mode, a negotiation phase is
entered to detect whether or not the connected peripheral is compatible with ECP mode. If
compatible, then ECP mode can be used.
Ten control registers are available in ECP mode to handle transfer operations. In accessing the
control registers, the base address is determined by address lines A2-A9, with lines A0, A1, and
A10 defining the offset address of the control register. Registers used for FIFO operations are
accessed at their base address + 400h (i.e., if configured for LPT1, then 378h + 400h = 778h).
The ECP mode includes several sub-modes as determined by the Extended Control register. Two
submodes of ECP allow the parallel port to be controlled by software. In these modes, the FIFO
is cleared and not used, and DMA and RLE are inhibited.
5-22 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
5.5.4
PARALLEL INTERFACE PROGRAMMING
5.5.4.1 Parallel Interface Configuration
The parallel interface must be configured for a specific address range (LPT1, LPT2, etc.) and
also must be enabled before it can be used. When configured for EPP or ECP mode, additional
considerations must be taken into account. Address selection, enabling, and EPP/ECP mode
parameters of the parallel interface are affected through the PnP configuration registers of the
87309 I/O controller. Address selection and enabling are automatically done by the BIOS during
POST but can also be accomplished with the Setup utility and other software.
The PnP configuration registers are accessed through I/O registers 15Ch (index) and 15Dh
(data). The parallel interface is initiated by firmware selecting logical device 4 of the 87309. This
is accomplished by the following sequence:
1. Write 07h to I/O register 15Ch.
2. Write 01h to I/O register 15Dh (for selecting the parallel interface).
3. Write 30h to I/O register 15Ch.
4. Write 01h to I/O register 15Dh (this activates the interface).
The parallel interface configuration registers are listed in the following table:
Table 5–12. Parallel Interface Configuration Registers
Table 5-12.
Parallel Interface Configuration Registers
Index
Address
30h
31h
60h
61h
70h
71h
74h
75h
F0h
Function
Activate
I/O Range Check
Base Address MSB
Base Address LSB
Interrupt Select
Interrupt Type
DMA Channel Select
Report DMA Assignment
Configuration Data
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
RO
R/W
Reset
Value
01h
00h
02h
78h
07h
00h
04h
04h
--
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-23
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.5.4.2 Parallel Interface Control
The BIOS function INT 17 provides simplified control of the parallel interface. Basic functions
such as initialization, character printing, and printer status are provide by subfunctions of INT
17. The parallel interface is controllable by software through a set of I/O mapped registers. The
number and type of registers available depends on the mode used (SPP, EPP, or ECP). Table 5-13
lists the parallel registers and associated functions based on mode.
Table 5–13. Parallel Interface Control Registers
Table 5-13.
Parallel Interface Control Registers
Register
Data
Status
Control
Address
Data Port 0
Data Port 1
Data Port 2
Data Port 3
Parallel Data FIFO
ECP Data FIFO
Test FIFO
Configuration Register A
Configuration Register B
Extended Control Register
I/O
Address
Base
Base + 1h
Base + 2h
Base + 3h
Base + 4h
Base + 5h
Base + 6h
Base + 7h
Base + 400h
Base + 400h
Base + 400h
Base + 400h
Base + 401h
Base + 402h
SPP Mode
Ports
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
------------
EPP Mode
Ports
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
LPT1,2
-------
ECP Mode
Ports
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
-----LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
LPT1,2,3
Base Address:
LPT1 = 378h
LPT2 = 278h
LPT3 = 3BCh
The following paragraphs describe the individual registers. Note that only the LPT1-based
addresses are given in these descriptions.
Data Register, I/O Port 378h
Data written to this register is presented to the data lines D0-D7. A read of this register when in
SPP-compatible mode yields the last byte written. A read while in SPP-extended or ECP mode
yields the status of data lines D0-D7 (i.e., receive data).
In ECP mode in the forward (output) direction, a write to this location places a tagged command
byte into the FIFO and reads have no effect.
5-24 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Status Register, I/O Port 379h, Read Only
This register contains the current printer status. Reading this register clears the interrupt
condition of the parallel port.
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Printer Busy (if 0)
Printer Acknowledgment Of Data Byte (if 0)
Printer Out Of Paper (if 1)
Printer Selected/Online (if 1)
Printer Error (if 0)
Reserved
EPP Interrupt Occurred (if set while in EPP mode)
EPP Timeout Occurred (if set while in EPP mode)
Control Register, I/O Port 37Ah
This register provides the printer control functions.
Bit
7,6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
Reserved
Direction Control for PS/2 and ECP Modes:
0 = Forward. Drivers enabled. Port writes to peripheral (default)
1 = Backward. Tristates drivers and data is read from peripheral
Acknowledge Interrupt Enable
0 = Disable ACK interrupt
1 = Enable interrupt on rising edge of ACK
Printer Select (if 0)
Printer Initialize (if 1)
Printer Auto Line Feed (if 0)
Printer Strobe (if 0)
Address Register, I/O Port 37Bh (EPP Mode Only)
This register is used for selecting the EPP register to be accessed.
Data Port Registers 0-3, I/O Ports 37C-Fh (EPP Mode Only)
These registers are used for reading/writing data. Port 0 is used for all transfers. Ports 1-3 are
used for transferring the additional bytes of 16- or 32-bit transfers through port 0.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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5-25
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
FIFO Register, I/O Port 7F8h (ECP Mode Only)
While in ECP/forward mode, this location is used for filling the 16-byte FIFO with data bytes.
Reads have no effect (except when used in Test mode). While in ECP/backward mode, reads
yield data bytes from the FIFO.
Configuration Register A, I/O Port 7F8h (ECP Mode Only)
A read of this location yields 10h, while writes have no effect.
Configuration Register B, I/O Port 7F9h (ECP Mode, Read Only)
A read of this location yields the status defined as follows:
Bit
7
6
5,4
3
2..0
Function
Reserved (always 0)
Status of Selected IRQn.
Selected IRQ Indicator:
00 = IRQ7
11 = IRQ5
All other values invalid.
Reserved (always 1)
Reserved (always 000)
Extended Control Register B, I/O Port 7FAh (ECP ModeOnly)
This register defines the ECP mode functions.
Bit
7..5
4
3
2
1
0
Function
ECP Submode Select:
000 = Standard forward mode (37Ah <5> forced to 0). Writes are
controlled by software and FIFO is reset.
001 = PS/2 mode. Reads and writes are software controlled and
FIFO is reset.
010 = Parallel Port FIFO forward mode (37Ah <5> forced to 0). Writes are
hardware controlled.
011 = ECP FIFO mode. Direction determined by 37Ah, <5>. Reads and
writes are hardware controlled.
ECP Interrupt Mask:
0 = Interrupt is generated on ERR- assertion.
1 = Interrupt is inhibited.
ECP DMA Enable/Disable.
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
ECP Interrupt Generation with DMA
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
FIFO Full Status (Read Only)
0 = Not full (at least 1 empty byte
1 = Full
FIFO Empty Status (Read Only)
0 = Not empty (contains at least 1 byte)
1 = Empty
5-26 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
5.5.5
PARALLEL INTERFACE CONNECTOR
Figure 5-4 and Table 5-14 show the connector and pinout of the parallel interface connector.
Figure 5–4. Parallel Interface Connector (Female DB-25 as viewed from rear of chassis)
Table 5–14. DB-25 Parallel Connector Pinout
Table 5-14.
DB-25 Parallel Connector Pinout
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Signal
STBD0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
ACKBSY
PE
SLCT
Description
Strobe
Data 0
Data 1
Data 2
Data 3
Data 4
Data 5
Data 6
Data 7
Acknowledge
Busy
Paper End
Select
Pin
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
--
Signal
LFERRINITSLCTINGND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
--
Description
Line Feed
Error
Initialize Paper
Select In
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
--
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-27
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.6
KEYBOARD/POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE
The keyboard/pointing device interface provides the connection of an enhanced keyboard and a
mouse using PS/2-type connections. The keyboard/pointing device interface function is provided
by the 87309 I/O controller component, which integrates 8042-compatible keyboard controller
logic (hereafter referred to as simply the “8042”) to communicate with the keyboard and pointing
device using bi-directional serial data transfers. The 8042 handles scan code translation and
password lock protection for the keyboard as well as communications with the pointing device.
This section describes the interface itself. The keyboard is discussed in the Appendix C.
5.6.1
KEYBOARD INTERFACE OPERATION
The data/clock link between the 8042 and the keyboard is uni-directional for Keyboard Mode 1
and bi-directional for Keyboard Modes 2 and 3. (These modes are discussed in detail in
Appendix C). This section describes Mode 2 (the default) mode of operation.
Communication between the keyboard and the 8042 consists of commands (originated by either
the keyboard or the 8042) and scan codes from the keyboard. A command can request an action
or indicate status. The keyboard interface uses IRQ1 to get the attention of the CPU.
The 8042 can send a command to the keyboard at any time. When the 8042 wants to send a
command, the 8042 clamps the clock signal from the keyboard for a minimum of 60 us. If the
keyboard is transmitting data at that time, the transmission is allowed to finish. When the 8042 is
ready to transmit to the keyboard, the 8042 pulls the data line low, causing the keyboard to
respond by pulling the clock line low as well, allowing the start bit to be clocked out of the 8042.
The data is then transferred serially, LSb first, to the keyboard (Figure 5-5). An odd parity bit is
sent following the eighth data bit. After the parity bit is received, the keyboard pulls the data line
low and clocks this condition to the 8042. When the keyboard receives the stop bit, the clock line
is pulled low to inhibit the keyboard and allow it to process the data.
Start
Bit
0
D0
(LSb)
1
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
0
1
1
0
1
1
D7
(MSb)
1
Parity
1
Stop
Bit
0
Data
Clock
Th
Tcy
Tcl Tch
Parameter
Minimum
Tcy (Cycle Time)
0 us
Tcl (Clock Low)
25 us
Tch (clock High)
25 us
Th (Data Hold)
0 us
Tss (Stop Bit Setup) 8 us
Tsh (Stop Bit Hold)
15 us
Tss
Maximum
80 us
35 us
45 us
25 us
20 us
25 us
Figure 5–5. 8042-To-Keyboard Transmission of Code EDh, Timing Diagram
5-28 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Tsh
Technical Reference Guide
Control of the data and clock signals is shared by the 8042and the keyboard depending on the
originator of the transferred data. Note that the clock signal is always generated by the keyboard.
After the keyboard receives a command from the 8042, the keyboard returns an ACK code. If a
parity error or timeout occurs, a Resend command is sent to the 8042.
Table 5-15 lists and describes commands that can be issued by the 8042 to the keyboard.
Table 5–15. 8042-To-Keyboard Commands
Table 5-15.
8042-To-Keyboard Commands
Command
Set/Reset Status Indicators
Echo
Invalid Command
Select Alternate Scan Codes
Value
EDh
EEh
EFh/F1h
F0h
Read ID
F2h
Set Typematic Rate/Display
F3h
Enable
F4h
Default Disable
F5h
Set Default
F6h
Set Keys - Typematic
Set Keys - Make/Break
Set Keys - Make
Set Keys - Typematic/Make/Break
Set Type Key – Typematic
Set Type Key - Make/Break
Set Type Key - Make
Resend
Reset
Note:
[1] Used in Mode 3 only.
F7h
F8h
F9h
FAh
FBh
FCh
FDh
FEh
FFh
Description
Enables LED indicators. Value EDh is followed by an option
byte that specifies the indicator as follows:
Bits <7..3> not used
Bit <2>, Caps Lock (0 = off, 1 = on)
Bit <1>, NUM Lock (0 = off, 1 = on)
Bit <0>, Scroll Lock (0 = off, 1 = on)
Keyboard returns EEh when previously enabled.
These commands are not acknowledged.
Instructs the keyboard to select another set of scan codes
and sends an option byte after ACK is received:
01h = Mode 1
02h = Mode 2
03h = Mode 3
Instructs the keyboard to stop scanning and return two
keyboard ID bytes.
Instructs the keyboard to change typematic rate and delay
to specified values:
Bit <7>, Reserved - 0
Bits <6,5>, Delay Time
00 = 250 ms
01 = 500 ms
10 = 750 ms
11 = 1000 ms
Bits <4..0>, Transmission Rate:
00000 = 30.0 ms
00001 = 26.6 ms
00010 = 24.0 ms
00011 = 21.8 ms
:
11111 = 2.0 ms
Instructs keyboard to clear output buffer and last typematic
key and begin key scanning.
Resets keyboard to power-on default state and halts
scanning pending next 8042 command.
Resets keyboard to power-on default state and enable
scanning.
Clears keyboard buffer and sets default scan code set. [1]
Clears keyboard buffer and sets default scan code set. [1]
Clears keyboard buffer and sets default scan code set. [1]
Clears keyboard buffer and sets default scan code set. [1]
Clears keyboard buffer and prepare to receive key ID. [1]
Clears keyboard buffer and prepare to receive key ID. [1]
Clears keyboard buffer and prepare to receive key ID. [1]
8042 detected error in keyboard transmission.
Resets program, runs keyboard BAT, defaults to Mode 2.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-29
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.6.2
POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE OPERATION
The pointing device (typically a mouse) connects to a 6-pin DIN-type connector that is identical
to the keyboard connector both physically and electrically. The operation of the interface (clock
and data signal control) is the same as for the keyboard. The pointing device interface uses the
IRQ12 interrupt.
5.6.3
KEYBOARD/POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE PROGRAMMING
5.6.3.1 8042 Configuration
The keyboard/pointing device interface must be enabled and configured for a particular speed
before it can be used. Enabling and speed parameters of the 8042 logic are affected through the
PnP configuration registers of the 87309 I/O controller. Enabling and speed control are
automatically set by the BIOS during POST but can also be accomplished with the Setup utility
and other software.
The PnP configuration registers are accessed through I/O registers 15Ch (index) and 15Dh
(data). The keyboard and mouse interfaces are initiated by firmware selecting logical device 0 or
1 of the 87309. This is accomplished by the following sequence:
1. Write 07h to I/O register 15Ch.
2. Write 05h or 06h to I/O register 15Dh (for selecting the keyboard or mouse interface).
3. Write 30h to I/O register 15Ch.
4. Write 01h to I/O register 15Dh (this activates the interface).
The parallel interface configuration registers are listed in the following table:
Table 5–16. Keyboard/Mouse Interface Configuration Registers
Table 5-16.
Keyboard/Mouse Interface Configuration Registers
Index
Address
Function
30h
Activate
31h
I/O Range Check [1]
60h
Base Address MSB [1]
61h
Base Address LSB [1]
62h
Command Base Address MSB [1]
63h
Command Base Address LSB [1]
70h
Interrupt Select
71h
Interrupt Type
74h
DMA Channel Select
75h
Report DMA Assignment
F0h
Configuration Data [1]
NOTES:
[1] Keyboard I/F only.
[2] Keyboard I/F / Mouse I/F
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
RO
R/W
5-30 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Reset
Value [2]
01h / 00h
00h / na
02h / na
78h / na
00h / na
00h / na
01h / 0Ch
01h / 01h
04h / 04h
04h / 04h
-- / na
Technical Reference Guide
5.6.3.2 8042 Control
The BIOS function INT 16 is typically used for controlling interaction with the keyboard. Subfunctions of INT 16 conduct the basic routines of handling keyboard data (i.e., translating the
keyboard’s scan codes into ASCII codes). The keyboard/pointing device interface is accessed by
the CPU through I/O mapped ports 60h and 64h, which provide the following functions:
♦
♦
♦
♦
Output buffer reads
Input buffer writes
Status reads
Command writes
Ports 60h and 64h can be accessed using the IN instruction for a read and the OUT instruction
for a write. Prior to reading data from port 60h, the “Output Buffer Full” status bit (64h, bit <0>)
should be checked to ensure data is available. Likewise, before writing a command or data, the
“Input Buffer Empty” status bit (64h, bit <1>) should also be checked to ensure space is
available.
I/O Port 60h
I/O port 60h is used for accessing the input and output buffers. This register is used to send and
receive data from the keyboard and the pointing device. This register is also used to send the
second byte of multi-byte commands to the 8042 and to receive responses from the 8042 for
commands that require a response.
A read of 60h by the CPU yields the byte held in the output buffer. The output buffer holds data
that has been received from the keyboard and is to be transferred to the system.
A CPU write to 60h places a data byte in the input byte buffer and sets the CMD/ DATA bit of
the Status register to DATA. The input buffer is used for transferring data from the system to the
keyboard. All data written to this port by the CPU will be transferred to the keyboard except
bytes that follow a multi-byte command that was written to 64h
I/O Port 64h
I/O port 64h is used for reading the status register and for writing commands. A read of 64h by
the CPU will yield the status byte defined as follows:
Bit
7..4
3
2
1
0
Function
General Purpose Flags.
CMD/DATA Flag (reflects the state of A2 during a CPU write).
0 = Data
1 = Command
General Purpose Flag.
Input Buffer Full. Set (to 1) upon a CPU write. Cleared by
IN A, DBB instruction.
Output Buffer Full (if set). Cleared by a CPU read of the buffer.
A CPU write to I/O port 64h places a command value into the input buffer and sets the
CMD/DATA bit of the status register (bit <3>) to CMD.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-31
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
Table 5-17 lists the commands that can be sent to the 8042 by the CPU. The 8042 uses IRQ1 for
gaining the attention of the CPU.
Table 5–17. CPU Commands To The 8042
Table 5-17.
CPU Commands To The 8042
Value
20h
60h
A4h
A5h
A6h
A7h
A8h
A9h
AAh
ABh
ADh
AEh
Command Description
Put current command byte in port 60h.
Load new command byte. This is a two-byte operation described as follows:
1. Write 60h to port 64h.
2. Write the command byte to port 60h as follows:
Bit <7> Reserved
<6> Keyboard Code Conversion
0 = Do not convert codes
1 = Convert codes to 9-bit 8088/8086-compatible format
Bit <5> Pointing Device Enable
0 = Enable pointing device
1 = Disable pointing device
Bit <4> Keyboard Enable
0 = Enable keyboard
1 = Disable keyboard
Bit <3> Reserved
Bit <2> System Flag
0 = Cold boot
1 = CPU reset (exit from protected mode)
Bit <1> Pointing Device Interrupt Enable
0 = Disable interrupt
1 = Enable interrupt
Bit <0> Keyboard Interrupt Enable
0 = Disable interrupt
1 = Enable interrupt
Test password installed. Tests whether or not a password is installed in the 8042:
If FAh is returned, password is installed.
If F1h is returned, no password is installed.
Load password. This multi-byte operation places a password in the 8042 using the following manner:
1. Write A5h to port 64h.
2. Write each character of the password in 9-bit scan code (translated) format to port 60h.
3. Write 00h to port 60h.
Enable security. This command places the 8042 in password lock mode following the A5h command.
The correct password must then be entered before further communication with the 8042 is allowed.
Disable pointing device. This command sets bit <5> of the 8042 command byte, pulling the clock line
of the pointing device interface low.
Enable pointing device. This command clears bit <5> of the 8042 command byte, activating the clock
line of the pointing device interface.
Test the clock and data lines of the pointing device interface and place test results in the output buffer.
00h = No error detected
01h = Clock line stuck low
02h = Clock line stuck high
03h = Data line stuck low
04h = Data line stuck high
Initialization. This command causes the 8042 to inhibit the keyboard and pointing device and places
55h into the output buffer.
Test the clock and data lines of the keyboard interface and place test results in the output buffer.
00h = No error detected
01h = Clock line stuck low
02h = Clock line stuck high
03h = Data line stuck low
04h = Data line stuck high
Disable keyboard command (sets bit <4> of the 8042 command byte).
Enable keyboard command (clears bit <4> of the 8042 command byte).
Continued
5-32 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Table 5-17. CPU Commands To The 8042 (Continued)
Value
C0h
C2h
C3h
D0h
D1h
D2h
D3h
D4h
E0h
F0hFFh
Command Description
Read input port of the 8042. This command directs the 8042 to transfer the contents of the input port
to the output buffer so that they can be read at port 60h. The contents are as follows:
Bit <7> Password Enable:
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bit <6> External Boot Enable:
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
Bit <5> Setup Enable:
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
Bit <4> VGA Enable:
0 = Enabled
1 = Disabled
Bit <3> Diskette Writes:
0 = Disabled
1 = Enabled
Bit <2> Reserved
Bit <1> Pointing Device Data Input Line
Bit <0> Keyboard Data Input Line
Poll Input Port High. This command directs the 8042 to place bits <7..4> of the input port into the
upper half of the status byte on a continuous basis until another command is received.
Poll Input Port Low. This command directs the 8042 to place bits <3..0> of the input port into the lower
half of the status byte on a continuous basis until another command is received.
Read output port. This command directs the 8042 to transfer the contents of the output port to the
output buffer so that they can be read at port 60h. The contents are as follows:
Bit <7> Keyboard data stream
Bit <6> Keyboard clock
Bit <5> IRQ12 (pointing device interrupt)
Bit <4> IRQ1 (keyboard interrupt)
Bit <3> Pointing device clock
Bit <2> Pointing device data
Bit <1> A20 Control:
0 = Hold A20 low
1 = Enable A20
Bit <0> Reset Line Status;
0 = Inactive
1 = Active
Write output port. This command directs the 8042 to place the next byte written to port 60h into the
output port (only bit <1> can be changed).
Echo keyboard data. Directs the 8042 to send back to the CPU the next byte written to port 60h as if
it originated from the keyboard. No 11-to-9 bit translation takes place but an interrupt (IRQ1) is
generated if enabled.
Echo pointing device data. Directs the 8042 to send back to the CPU the next byte written to port 60h
as if it originated from the pointing device. An interrupt (IRQ12) is generated if enabled.
Write to pointing device. Directs the 8042 to send the next byte written to 60h to the pointing device.
Read test inputs. Directs the 8042 to transfer the test bits 1 and 0 into bits <1,0> of the output buffer.
Pulse output port. Controls the pulsing of bits <3..0> of the output port (0 = pulse, 1 = don’t pulse).
Note that pulsing bit <0> will reset the system.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-33
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.6.4
KEYBOARD/POINTING DFEVICE INTERFACE CONNECTOR
There are separate connectors for the keyboard and pointing device. Both connectors are identical
both physically and electrically. Figure 5-6 and Table 5-18 show the connector and pinout of the
keyboard/pointing device interface connectors.
Figure 5–6. Keyboard or Pointing Device Interface Connector
(as viewed from rear of chassis)
Table 5–18. Keyboard/Pointing Device Connector Pinout
Table 5-18.
Keyboard/Pointing Device Connector Pinout
Pin
1
2
3
Signal
DATA
NC
GND
Description
Data
Not Connected
Ground
Pin
4
5
6
5-34 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Signal
+ 5 VDC
CLK
NC
Description
Power
Clock
Not Connected
Technical Reference Guide
5.7
UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS INTERFACE
The Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface provides up to 12 Mb/s data transfers between the host
system and peripherals designed with a compatible USB interface. This high speed interface
supports hot-plugging of compatible devices, making possible system configuration changes
without powering down or even rebooting systems. The USB interface supports both
isochronous and asynchronous communications, and integrates a 5 VDC power bus that can
eliminate the need for external powering of small remote peripherals.
5.7.1
USB KEYBOARD CONSIDERATIONS
The BIOS ROM checks the USB port, during POST, for the presence of a USB keyboard. This
allows a system with only a USB keyboard to be used during ROM-based setup and also on a
system with an OS that does not include a USB driver.
On such a system a keystroke will generate an SMI and the SMI handler will retrieve the data
from the device and convert it to PS/2 data. The data will be passed to the keyboard controller
and processed as in the PS/2 interface. Changing the delay and/or typematic rate of a USB
keyboard though BIOS function INT 16 is not supported.
The system does not support hot-plugging of a USB keyboard, nor is a keyboard attached to a
USB hub supported. A PS/2 keyboard and a USB keyboard can, however, be connected and used
simultaneously.
5.7.2
USB CONFIGURATION
The USB interface functions as a PCI device (7) within the 82371AB component (function 2) and
is configured using PCI Configuration Registers as listed in Table 5-19.
Table 5–19. USB Interface Configuration Registers
Table 5-19.
USB Interface Configuration Registers
PCI Config.
Addr.
00, 01h
02, 03h
04, 05h
06, 07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
Register
Vender ID
Device ID
PCI Command
PCI Status
Revision ID
Programming I/F
Sub Class Code
Base Class Code
Reset
Value
8086h
7112h
0000h
0280h
00h
00h
03h
0Ch
PCI Config.
Addr.
0Dh
0Eh
20-23h
3Ch
3Dh
60h
C0, C1h
--
Register
Latency Timer
Header Type
I/O Space Base Address
Interrupt Line
Interrupt Pin
Miscellaneous Control 1
Miscellaneous Control 2
--
Reset
Value
00h
80h
All 0’s
00h
04h
10h
2000h
--
NOTES:
Assume unmarked locations/gaps as reserved.
Refer to applicable Intel documentation for detailed descriptions of registers.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
5-35
Chapter 5 Input/Output Interfaces
5.7.3
USB CONTROL
The USB is controlled through I/O registers as listed in table 5-20.
Table 5–20. USB Control Registers
Table 5-20.
USB Control Registers
I/O Addr.
00, 01h
02, 03h
04, 05h
06, 07
08, 0B
0Ch
10, 11h
12, 13h
5.7.4
Register
Command
Status
Interupt Enable
Frame No.
Frame List Base Address
Start of Frame Modify
Port 1 Status/Control
Port 2 Status/Control
USB CONNECTOR
The USB interface provides two connectors.
1
2
3
4
Figure 5–7. Universal Serial Bus Connector (one of two as viewed from rear of chassis)
Table 5–21. USB Connector Pinout
Table 5-21.
USB Connector Pinout
Pin
1
2
Signal
Vcc
USB-
Description
+5 VDC
Data (minus)
Pin
3
4
5-36 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition – April 1998
Signal
USB+
GND
Description
Data (plus)
Ground
Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 6
POWER and SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION
6. Chapter 6 Power and Signal Distribution
6.1
INTRODUCTION
This chapter describes the power supply and method of general power and signal distribution in
the Compaq Deskpro CONTACT Personal Computer. Topics covered in this chapter include:
♦
♦
♦
6.2
Power supply assembly/control (6.2)
Power distribution (6.3)
General signal distribution (6.4)
page 6-1
page 6-5
page 6-7
POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY/CONTROL
The power supply assembly is controlled through an ACPI-compliant switch on the front bezel of
the system.
Front Bezel
System Board
Power On/Off
Slots, Chipsets, Logic
& Voltage Regulators
Power On
PS
On
Fan
Off
+5 AUX
+3.3 VDC
+5 VDC
110/220 VAC
Power Supply
Assembly
-5 VDC
+12 VDC
Drives
-12 VDC
Figure 6–1. Power Supply Assembly and Associated Circuitry, Block Diagram
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer 6-1
First Edition – April 1998
Chapter 6 Power and Signal Distribution
6.2.1
POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY
The power supply assembly is contained in a single unit that features a selectable input voltage:
90-132 VAC and 180-264 VAC. The power supply assembly provides +3.3 VDC, +5 VDC, -5
VDC, +12 VDC, and -12 VDC potentials for the system board, expansion board(s), and installed
drives. These voltages are controlled through the power button on the front panel of the system
unit. Pressing and releasing the power button results in system board logic asserting the PS On
signal, which activates the power supply assembly.
The power supply also produces an auxiliary voltage (+5 AUX). The +5 AUX voltage is used for
powering the power button and other logic required for wake-up operation and is produced as
long as the unit is plugged into a live AC outlet.
NOTE: Minimum loading requirements for the power supply must be met at all times to
ensure normal operation and to meet specifications.
Table 6-1 shows the specifications for the power supply.
Table 6–1. Power Supply Assembly Specifications
Table 6-1.
Power Supply Assembly Specifications
(P/N 308356-001)
Range/
Min. Current
Max.
Surge
Parameter
Tolerance
Loading [1]
Current
Current [2]
Input Line Voltage:
110 VAC Setting:
90 - 132 VAC
---220 VAC Setting:
180-264 VAC
---Line Frequency
47 - 63 Hz
---Steady State Input (VAC) Current:
--5.50 A
-+3.3 VDC Output
+/- 5%
1.40 A
14.0 A [3]
14.0 A
+5 VDC Output
+/- 5 %
1.40 A
22.0 A [3]
22.0 A
-5 VDC Output
+/- 10 %
0.00 A
0.30 A
0.30 A
+5 AUX Output
+/- 5 %
0.10 A
0.72 A
0.72 A
+12 VDC Output
+/- 5 %
0.07 A
6.00 A
8.00 A
-12 VDC Output
+/- 10 %
0.00 A
0.30 A
0.30 A
NOTES:
[1] Minimum loading requirements must be met at all times to ensure normal operation
and specification compliance.
[2] Surge duration no longer than 10 seconds and +12 tolerance +/- 10%.
[3] Combined power between +5 VDC and +3.3 VDC shall not exceed 120 watts.
Max.
Ripple
----50 mV
50 mV
100 mV
50 mV
120 mV
200 mV
6.2.1.1 Fan Control
The power supply assembly contains a fan that can be shut down by the Fan Off signal, which is
asserted from the system board during sleep (suspend) states. This action also shuts down power
to the chassis fan (if present). The power supply can override the Fan Off signal if the
temperature in the power supply assembly is too high (the chassis fan does not have an override).
6-2
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
6.2.2
POWER CONTROL
The power supply assembly is controlled digitally by the PS On signal (Figure 6-1). When PS On
is asserted, the power supply assembly is activated and all voltage outputs (+3 VDC, +5 AUX, +/5 VDC, +/-12 VDC) are produced. When PS On is de-asserted, the power supply assembly is off
and all voltages (except +5 AUX) are not generated. Note that +5 AUX is always produced as
long as the system is connected to a live AC source (as indicated by a system board LED).
6.2.2.1 Power Button
The PS On signal is typically controlled through the Power Button which, when pressed and
released, applies a negative (grounding) pulse to the power control logic. The resultant action of
pressing the power button depends on the state and mode of the system at that time and is
described as follows:
System State
Off, Legacy Mode
Pressed Power Button Results In:
Negative pulse, of which the falling edge results in power control logic asserting
PS On signal to Power Supply Assembly, which then initializes. ACPI foursecond counter is not active.
On, Legacy Mode
Negative pulse, of which the falling edge causes power control logic to de-assert
the PS On signal. ACPI four-second counter is not active.
On, ACPI Mode
Pressed and Released Under Four Seconds:
Negative pulse, of which the falling edge causes power control logic to
generate SMI-/SCI, set a bit in the SMI source register, set a bit for button
status,
and start four-second counter. Software should clear the button status bit
within four seconds and the Suspend state is entered. If the status bit is
not cleared by software in four seconds PS On is de-asserted and the
power supply assembly shuts down (this operation is meant as a guard if
the OS is hung).
Pressed and Held At least Four Seconds Before Release:
If the button is held in for at least four seconds and then released, PS On is
negated, de-activating the power supply.
NOTE: The mode (legacy/ACPI) of the power button is programmable through GPO #8 as described in
Chapter 4, “System Support.”
6.2.2.2 Power LED Indications
Two LEDs are used to indicate system power status. The front panel (bezel) power LED provides
a visual indication of three key system conditions listed as follows:
Power LED
Steady On
Blinking @ 1 Hz
Blinking @ 4 Hz
Condition
Normal full-on operation
Sleep (suspend) state
Thermal condition: processor has overheated and shut down
An additional LED is mounted on the system board. This LED is connected to the +5 AUX bus
and will be on as long as the system unit is connected to live AC power regardless of power
button status. The AC line cord should always be disconnected and the system board LED
should not be illuminated before servicing the unit.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer 6-3
First Edition – April 1998
Chapter 6 Power and Signal Distribution
6.2.2.3 Power Restore Feature
The system includes a power restore feature. A circuit powered by the RTC/CMOS battery holds
the state of the PS On signal so that if a power outage occurs the system, when power is regained,
will revert to the power state of the system at the time power was lost. The power restore feature
can be overridden by two functions:
♦
System On After AC Restore – The system can be configured to come on (after power
restoration) by placing DIP switch SW1-1 to “On” (closed). When enabled the system will
power up every time AC power is reapplied, regardless of the previous “AC applied” state.
♦
System Off After AC Restore – The system can be programmed by software/firmware to
always stay off (after power restoration) through GPO #29. When enabled the system will
stay off every time AC power is reapplied, regardless of the previous “AC applied” state.
6.2.2.4 Wake Up Events
The PS On signal can also be activated with a power “wake-up” of the system due to the
occurrence of a magic packet, serial port ring, or PCI power management (PME) event. These
events can be individually enabled by software through the GPIO of the south bridge to wake up
the system from a sleep (low power) state. The wake up sequence for each event occurs as
follows:
6-4
♦
Wake On LAN (WOL) - If a compliant network interface controller is installed and enabled
for remote wake-up, detection of a WOL event results in the assertion of the high R-MPKT
pulse signal (received through the WOL header P9) to the power control logic, which will
assert PS On. Note that the NIC adapter must be able to draw five volts power from header
P9 during the system sleep state. This function is enabled through GPO #28.
♦
Modem Ring – A ring indication on serial port A (COM1) will, if enabled, be detected by the
power control logic and cause the PS On signal to be asserted. This function is enabled
through GPO #27.
♦
PME Event – A power management event that asserts the PME- signal on the PCI bus can
be enabled to cause the power control logic to generate the PS On signal. Note that the PCI
card must have a second source of power to operate during the system unit’s sleep state. This
function is enabled through GPO #26.
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
6.3
POWER DISTRIBUTION
6.3.1
3/5/12 VDC DISTRIBUTION
The power supply assembly includes a multi-connector cable assembly that routes +3.3 VDC, +5
AUX, +5 VDC, -5 VDC, +12 VC, and -12 VDC to the system board and +/-5 and +/-12 to the
individual drive assemblies.
P7
P6
P7
P4
P5
4 3 2
P2
Drive
Assemblies
P2-P6
P3
1
Power Supply
Assembly
(SP# 308356-001)
Connector
P1
P1 [1]
P2-P4, P6
P5, P7
Pin 1
+3.3
+3.3
+12
+5
Pin 4
+5
PS On
+5
+12
3
4
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
System
Board
Pin 3
RTN
RTN
GND
GND
2
P1 (ATX-type)
P1
Pin 2
+3.3RS
-12
GND
GND
1
Pin 5
RTN
RTN
Pin 6
+5
RSRTN
Pin 7
RTN
RTN
Pin 8
Fan Off
-5
Pin 9
+5AUX
+5
Pin 10
+12
+5
NOTES:
[1] This row represents pins 11-20 of the P1 connector.
All + and - values are VDC.
RTN = Return (signal ground)
GND = Power ground
RS = Remote sense
= Deviation from ATX standard. PWR GD signal is produced by the south bridge component.
Figure 6–2. Power Cable Diagram
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer 6-5
First Edition – April 1998
Chapter 6 Power and Signal Distribution
6.3.2
LOW VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Voltages less than 3.3 VDC and the processor core voltage are produced through regulator
circuitry on the system board.
+5 AUX
+5 VDC
LM317
Regulator
Circuit
+3 AUX
LM317
Regulator
Circuit
2.5 VDC
Power Button and
Wake Up Logic
Pull-Up Logic
Power Supply
+3.3 VDC
Regulator
Circuit
VTT (+1.5 VDC)
+5 VDC
Processor
+12 VDC
VID0
VID1
Processor
VccP (see text)
Regulator
Circuit
VID2
VID3
VID4
Figure 6–3. Low Voltage Regulator Circuitry, Block Diagram
The VccP regulator produces the VccP (processor core) voltage according to the state of the
VID4..0 signals from the Pentium II processor. This allows automatic selection of the proper core
voltage depending on the installed microprocessor component. The possible voltages available
are listed as follows:
VID4..0
10000
10001
10010
10011
10100
10101
10110
10111
11000
11001
11010
6-6
VccP
3.5 VDC
3.4 VDC
3.3 VDC
3.2 VDC
3.1 VDC
3.0 VDC
2.9 VDC
2.8 VDC
2.7 VDC
2.6 VDC
2.5 VDC
VID4..0
11011
11100
11101
11110
00000
00001
00010
00011
00100
00101
00110
VccP
2.4 VDC
2.3 VDC
2.2 VDC
2.1 VDC
2.05 VDC
2.00 VDC
1.95 VDC
1.90 VDC
1.85 VDC
1.80 VDC
1.75 VDC
VID4..0
00111
01000
01001
01010
01011
01100
01101
01110
01111
11111
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer
First Edition - April 1998
VccP
1.70 VDC
1.65 VDC
1.60 VDC
1.55 VDC
1.50 VDC
1.45 VDC
1.40 VDC
1.35 VDC
1.30 VDC
CPU not installed
Technical Reference Guide
6.4
GENERAL SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION
Figure 6-4 shows general signal distribution between the main subassemblies of the system unit.
Figure 6-5 shows the pinout of the front bezel control/indicator connector. Figure 6-6 shows the
pinout of the Wake-On-LAN connector.
Graphics
Controller
(AGP Card)
Audio
Controller
(ISA Card)
AGP Bus
AGP Connector
Audio
A
ISA Bus
Fan PWR
ISA Connector
Conn.
P8
Chassis Fan [2]
IDE/SCSI HD LED
HD Activity
PWR LED
Conn.
P5 [1]
Power On
Power
On/Off
PWR Switch
3/5/12 VDC
System
Board
Conn.
P1
Fan Off, PS On
IDE
Data, Cntl
Pri. IDE
Conn. P20
Sec. IDE
Conn. P21
Dsk.
Conn. P10
IDE
Hard Drive
5, 12 VDC
CD-ROM
IDE I/F
5, 12 VDC
Dskt.
Data, Cntl
Mouse
Conn. J8
Power
Supply
Assembly
Audio
Diskette Drive
A
5, 12 VDC
Mouse
Kybd
Conn. J7
Keyboard
NOTES:
[1] CDS models only.
[1] See Figure 6-5 for header pinout.
[2] 66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) system only.
Figure 6–4. General Signal Distribution, Functional Block Diagram
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer 6-7
First Edition – April 1998
Chapter 6 Power and Signal Distribution
Header P5
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Pins
1
3
4
5
6, 7
8, 9
Function
HD Activity LED (+)
HD Activity LED (-)
Power On LED (+)
Power On LED (-)
Power Button
SCSI HD LED [1]
NOTE: [1] Pins 8 and 9 allow a SCSI hard drive to drive the HD Activity LED, which in the standard configuration
is driven from an IDE drive.
Figure 6–5. Front Panel (Bezel) Control/Indicator Connector
Header P9
1
2
3
Pins
1
2
3
Function
+5 AUX
Ground
WOL Sig. Input
Figure 6–6. Wake-On-LAN NIC Connector
6-8
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computer
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Chapter 7
BIOS ROM
7. Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.1
INTRODUCTION
The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) of the computer is a collection of machine language
programs stored as firmware in read-only memory (ROM). The BIOS ROM includes such
functions as Power-On Self Test (POST), PCI device initialization, Plug ‘n Play support, and
power management support including APM 1.2, and ACPI. The BIOS ROM also contains the
Setup utility that is accessible through the F10 key. This system is DMI-compliant and includes
SMBIOS v2.1 support. This chapter includes the following topics:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Boot Functions (7.2)
Memory detection/configuration (7.3)
Client management support (7.4)
PnP support (7.5)
Power management functions (7.6)
USB legacy support (7.7)
BIOS upgrading (7.8)
page 7-2
page 7-3
page 7-4
page 7-19
page 7-21
page 7-24
page 7-24
The firmware contained in the BIOS ROM supports the following operating systems:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
DOS 6.2
Windows 3.1
Windows for Workgroups 3.11
Windows 95
Windows NT 3.5
OS/2 ver 2.1
OS/2 Warp
SCO Unix
The microprocessor accesses the BIOS ROM as a 128-KB block from E0000h to FFFFFh. The
BIOS data is shadowed in a 64-KB block in the upper memory area. The BIOS segments are
dynamically paged in and out of the 64-KB block as they are needed.
NOTE: This chapter focuses on special features and aspects of BIOS unique to this
particular system. For detailed information regarding the BIOS, refer to the Compaq
Basic Input/Output System Technical Reference Guide.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-1
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.2
BOOT FUNCTIONS
The system supports new system boot functions to support remote ROM flashing and PC97
requirements.
7.2.1
BOOT BLOCK
This system includes 24 KB of boot block ROM that provides a way to recover from a failed
remote flashing of the system BIOS ROM. Early during the boot process, the boot block code
checks the system ROM. If validated, the system BIOS continues the boot sequence. If the
system ROM fails the check, the boot block code provides the minimum amount of support
necessary to allow booting the system from the diskette drive (bypassing the security measures)
and re-flash the system ROM with a ROMPAQ diskette. Since the display is blank during the
initial boot sequence the boot block routine uses the keyboard LEDs to communicate status as
follows:
Num Lock
Off
On
Off
On
Caps Lock
On
Off
Off
On
Scroll Lock
Off
Off
On
On
Meaning
Administrator password required.
Boot failed. Reset required for retry.
Flash failed (set by ROMPAQ).
Flash complete (set by ROMPAQ).
The boot block area of ROM is always write-protected.
7.2.2
QUICKBOOT
The QuickBoot mode (programmable through the INT 15, AX=E845h call) skips certain portions
of the POST (such as the memory count) during the boot process unless the hood has been
detected as being removed. The QuickBoot mode is programmable as to be invoked always, never
(default) or every x-number of days.
7.2.3
SILENTBOOT
When in the SilentBoot mode, the boot process skips certain audio and visual aspects of POST
(such as the speed beeps and screen messages). Error messages are still displayed. The
QuickBoot mode is programmable (through the INT 15, AX=E845h call) as to either TERSE
(default) or VERBOSE mode.
7-2
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
7.3
MEMORY DETECTION AND CONFIGURATION
This system uses the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) method of determining the installed DIMM
configuration. The BIOS communicates with an EEPROM on each DIMM through an I2C-type
bus to obtain data on the following DIMM parameters:
♦
♦
♦
♦
Presence
Size
Type
Timing/CAS latency
NOTE: Refer to Chapter 3, “Processor/Memory Subsystem” for the SPD format and DIMM
data specific to this system.
The BIOS performs memory detection and configuration with the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set Memory Buffer Strength – The memory controller must be configured for correct buffer
drive strength. The BIOS provides this function by reading the number of module banks,
ECC enable/disable status, and SDRAM width data from the DIMMs and transferring that
data to the memory controller. SPD bytes checked: 5, 11, 13
Determine DIMM Presence/Type – The BIOS checks each memory socket for DIMM
presence. If present, the DIMM type and CAS latency is determined. SPD bytes checked: 2,
9, 10, 18, 23, 24.
Check Sequence:
a. SPD byte 2 is read for all slots first. A failed read or returned value of other than 02h
(EDO) or 04h (SDRAM) results in the slot marked as empty. If mixed types are detected
then only SDRAMs are used (see chapter 3 for details).
b. SPD byte 18 is read for maximum CAS latency, followed by reads of bytes 9 and 10 for
bus speed compatibility. A DIMM detected as too-slow results in an error.
c. If the DIMM can handle the memory bus speed at maximum CAS latency then bytes 23
and 24 are checked to see if the DIMM can work maximum CAS latency minus 1. Once
all slots are checked, the greatest CAS latency (2 or 3) is used. A DIMM detected as
incompatible will result in a bit in CMOS being set and the Num Lock LED on the
keyboard will blink for a short time. Depending on the progress of the BIOS routine a
POST message may be displayed before the system locks up.
Initialize SDRAM – If SDRAM is installed then each row containing SDRAM will be
initialized. This step includes pre-charging all banks, sending a CAS-before-RAS command,
sending a Mode-Register-Set-Enable command, reading DIMM location/CAS latency data,
and sending a Normal Op command.
Memory Sizing – The SPD bytes 3, 4, and 17 are checked for number of row and column
addresses and (for SDRAM) the number of internal banks.
Memory Timing – For SDRAM, the memory controller requires the RAS pre-charge time
and the RAS-to-CAS delay time. SPD bytes checked: 27and 29.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-3
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.4
CLIENT MANAGEMENT SUPPORT
Client Management deals with issues of security, identification, and system management
functions. Client Management is provided through BIOS INT15 functions listed Table 7-1.
Table 7–1. PnP Client Management Functions (INT15)
Table 7-1.
Client Management Functions (INT15)
AX
E800h
E807h
E813h
E814h
E816h
E817h
E818h
E819h
E81Ah
E81Bh
E81Eh
E820h
E822h
E827h
E828h
E845h
E846h
Function
Get system ID
Get System Information Table
Get monitor information
Get system revision
Get temperature status
Get drive attribute
Get drive off-line test
Get chassis serial number
Write chassis serial number
Get drive threshold
Get drive ID
System Memory Map
Flash ROM/Sys. Admin. Fnc.
DIMM EEPROM Access
Inhibit power button
Access CMOS Feature Bits
Security Functions
Mode
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real
Real
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real
Real
Real
Real
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
Real, 16-, & 32-bit Prot.
The 32-bit protected mode calls are accessed by using the industry-standard BIOS32 Service
Directory. Using the service directory involves the following three steps:
1.
2.
3.
Locating the service directory.
Using the service directory to obtain the entry point for the client management functions.
Calling the client management service to perform the desired function.
The BIOS32 Service Directory is a 16-byte block that begins on a 16-byte boundary between the
physical address range of 0E0000h-0FFFFFh. The format is as follows:
Offset
00h
04h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
7-4
No. Bytes
4
4
1
1
1
5
Description
Service identifier (four ASCII characters)
Entry point for the BIOS32 Service Directory
Revision level
Length of data structure (no. of 16-byte units)
Checksum (should add up to 00h)
Reserved (all 0s)
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
To support Windows NT an additional table to the BIOS32 table has been defined to contain 32bit pointers for the DDC and SIT locations. The Windows NT extension table is as follows:
; Extension to BIOS SERVICE directory table (next paragraph)
db
db
db
dd
dw
db
dd
dw
db
dd
dw
“32OS”
2
“$DDC”
?
?
“$SIT”
?
?
“$ERB”
?
?
; sig
; number of entries in table
; DDC POST buffer sig
; 32-bit pointer
; byte size
; SIT sig
; 32-bit pointer
; byte size
; ESCD sig
; 32-bit pointer
; byte size
The service identifier for Client Management functions is “$CLM.” Once the service identifier is
found and the checksum verified, a FAR call is invoked using the value specified at offset 04h to
retrieve the CM services entry point. The following entry conditions are used for calling the
Client Management service directory:
INPUT:
EAX
EBX (31..8)
EBX (7..0)
CS
= Service Identifier [$CLM]
= Reserved
= Must be set to 00h
= Code selector set to encompass the physical page holding
entry point as well as the immediately following physical page.
It must have the same base. CS is execute/read.
DS
= Data selector set to encompass the physical page holding
entry point as well as the immediately following physical page.
It must have the same base. DS is read-only.
SS
= Stack selector must provide at least 1K of stack space and be 32-bit.
(I/O permissions must be provided so that the BIOS can support as necessary)
OUTPUT:
AL
EBX
ECX
EDX
= Return code:
00h, requested service is present
80h, requested service is not present
81h, un-implemented function specified in BL
86h and CF=1, function not supported
= Physical address to use as the selector BASE for the service
= Value to use as the selector LIMIT for the service
= Entry point for the service relative to the BASE returned in EBX
The following subsections describe aspects of Client Management unique to this system. For a
general description of these BIOS functions refer to the Compaq BIOS Technical Reference
Guide.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-5
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.4.1
SYSTEM ID/REVISION/SERIAL NO.
The INT 15, AX=E800h BIOS function can be used to identify the system board. The system ID
will be returned in the BX register as follows:
System
66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM socket)
100-MHz slot 1 (3-DIMM socket)
System Board #
008312-xxx
009635-xxx
ROM Type
686T1
686T2
System ID
046Ch
041Ch
The INT 15, AX=E814h BIOS function retrieves the system board revision. The serial number
can be read by software through function INT 15, AX=E819h.
7.4.2
SYSTEM INFORMATION TABLE
The System Information Table (SIT) is a comprehensive list of fixed configuration information
arranged into records. The INT 15 AX=E807h BIOS function accesses the SIT by returning a
pointer in ES:BX to indicate the location of the SIT. This section lists the default values that
should be read from the SIT. For specific bit descriptions and more detailed information on the
SIT refer to the Compaq Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) Technical Reference Guide.
Power Conservation Record, SIT Record 01h
Byte
Function
00h
Record ID
01h
No. of Data Bytes in Record
02h
Volume, CPU Speed, Screensave, PWR Consv. Mode
03h
LED Blink, Popup, APM, PC Level, MAXBRIGHT Control
04h
SW Power Cntrl., Screensave/Hard Drive Timeouts, PWR
05h
Magic Packet Flag, SMI, Modem Installed
06h-0Bh
Popup Location
0Ch
Qick Energy Save, Magic Packet PWR, Suspend, CPU Sp.
NOTES:
[1] Will be determined at runtime
[2] Unsupported function - read all 0s.
Default
Value
01h
0Bh
07h
C4h
90h
[1]
[2]
1Dh
Timeout Counter Record (System Standby), SIT Record 02h
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
7-6
Function
Record ID for System Standby Timeout
No. of Data Bytes in Record
First Value
Last Value
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Default
Value
02h
09h
0
10
15
20
30
60
120
180
240
Technical Reference Guide
Timeout Counter Record (Video Screensave), SIT Record 03h
Byte [1]
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Dh
Function
Record ID for Video Screensave Timeout
No. of Data Bytes in Record
First Value
Last Value
Default
Value
03h
0Ch
0
5
10
15
20
30
40
50
60
120
180
240
Security Record, SIT Record 05h
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
NOTE:
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
NVRAM/HD Lock, QuickLock/QuickBlank, FD Boot, PWR Pwd
Virus Detect, Serial/Parallel Cntrl., FD Drive Cntl., Stby Cntrl.
Diskette Drive Fnct., Password Functions
Password Locking, Ownership Tag Length
Default
Value
05h
04h
3Fh
1Fh
72h
[1]
[1] Determined by system at runtime.
Processor/Memory/Cache Record, SIT Record 06h
Byte
Function
00h
Record ID
01h
No. of Data Bytes in Record
02h, 03h
Installed Microprocessor Speed
04h
Cache Configuration
05h
L2 Cache Size
06h
L2 Cache Speed
07h
Total Memory Amount Adjustment
08h, 09h
Total Soldered Memory
0Ah, 0Bh Maximum Memory Installable
0Ch, 0Dh Reserved
0Eh
Processor Designer
0Fh
System Cache Error Correction
NOTE:
[1] Determined by system at runtime.
Default
Value
06h
0Eh
[1]
[1]
[1]
00h
06h
0000h
0001h
0000h
00h
[1]
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-7
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
Peripheral and Input Device Record, SIT Record 07h
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h-0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Dh
0Eh
0Fh, 10h
11h, 12h
13h
14h, 15h
16h
17h
18h
19h
1Ah
1Bh
1Ch, 1Dh
1Eh, 1Fh
20h, 21h
22h, 23h
24h
25h
26h
27h
28h-2Bh
2Ch-2Dh
2Eh
2Fh
30h
31h
32h
33h
34h
35h
36h
37h
38h
39h
3Ah
3Bh
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
DMA Functions, SCSI Support, Flashable ROM, Setup
Partition, 101 Keyboard
Erase-Eaze Kybd. Support in ROM, El Torito CD Boot
Support, QuickBoot, ROM Functions
Form factor
Softdrive 1 & 2 Data
Softdrive 3 & 4 Data
Softdrive 1-4 Starting Address
Panel ID
Integrated Monitor, ROM Socket, No. of Prog. Serial Ports
Parallel Port Mode, Modem Type
Drive Fault Prediction Support for Drives 0-3
PCI Bus Master CMOS Data
VGA Palette Snoop Function
Misc. PCI Information
2
I/O Address for I C Device
2
I C Information Byte
ATAPI Device Information (Logical Devices 1 & 2)
ATAPI Device Information (Logical Devices 3 & 4)
3-D Audio Support
BIOS Supported Features
Misc. Features (Power Inhibit Support)
Back-to-Back I/O Delay Index 0
Back-to-Back I/O Delay Index 1
Back-to-Back I/O Delay Index 2
Back-to-Back I/O Delay Index 3
Back-to-Back I/O Delay NVRAM Location
Bit Mask for Byte 24h
O/S Boot NVRAM Location
Bit Mask for Byte 26h
IDE Drive 0-3 Max DMA/PIO Mode
Offset Address in EBDA for Bezel Button
Processor Upgrade Mounting
Parallel Port Connector Type/Pinout
Serial Port Connector Type
Serial Port Maximum Speed
Serial Port Maximum Speed
Serial Port Maximum Speed
DMA Burst Mode Support
Keyboard Connector Type
System UDMA Capabilities
Diskette Type Installed
On-Board NIC Speed
On-Board NIC Attributes
General Purpose Software Support
System EDMA Support
NOTE:
[1] Determined at runtime.
7-8
Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Default
Value
07h
3Ah
27h
53h
00h
FFh
FFh
B0 B5 BA BFh
00h
11h
00h
[1]
0000h
0000h
01h
0000h
00h
[1]
[1]
00h
01h
01h
0420h
0300h
0660h
0780h
n/a
n/a
00h
00h
[1]
n/a
06h
41h
01h
01h
C2h
00h
[1]
03h
0Fh
01h
00h
00h
[1]
0Fh
Technical Reference Guide
Memory Module Information Record, SIT Record 08h
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Dh
0Eh
NOTES:
Default
Value
08h
09 / 0Dh
02 / 03h
00h
[1]
[1]
03h
01h
[1]
[1]
03h
Na / 02h
Na / [1]
Na / [1]
Na / 03h
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
No. of Sockets
Memory Socket Location 0
Memory Installed In Location 0
Memory Speed In Location 0
Memory Form Factor 0
Memory Socket Location 1
Memory Installed In Location 1
Memory Speed In Location 1
Memory Form Factor 1
Memory Socket Location 2
Memory Installed In Location 2
Memory Speed In Location 2
Memory Form Factor 2
66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) board / 100-MHz slot 1 (3-DIMM) board
[1] Determined at runtime.
Timeout Default Record, SIT Record 09h
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
High Power - Standby
High Power - Hard Drive/System Idle
High Power - Screensave
High Power - Maximum Brightness
High Power - Processor Speed
Medium Power - Standby
Medium Power - Hard Drive/System Idle
Medium Power - Screensave
Medium Power - Maximum Brightness
Medium Power - Processor Speed
Default
Value
09h
0Ah
15 min
15 min
15 min
100 min
100 min
15 min
15 min
15 min
100 min
100 min
CMOS/NVRAM Information Record, SIT Record 0Ah
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
Size of EISA NVRAM or Extended CMOS (Low Byte)
Size of EISA NVRAM or Extended CMOS (High Byte)
Size of High CMOS (Low Byte)
Size of High CMOS (High Byte)
NVRAM Storage Device Access Type
Default
Value
0Ah
05h
00h
00h
00h
00h
00h
Automatic Server Recovery Record, SIT Record 0Bh (Not Used)
Memory Banks Information Record, SIT Record 0Ch (Not Used)
Multiprocessor Feature Information Record, SIT Record 0Dh (Not Used)
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-9
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
Extended Disk Support Record, SIT Record 0Eh
Byte
Function
00h
Record ID
01h
No. of Data Bytes in Record
02h
Pointer To Extended Disk table (High Byte)
03h
Pointer To Extended Disk table (Low Byte)
NOTE: [1] Determined at runtime.
Default
Value
0Eh
02h
[1]
[1]
System Record, SIT Record 0Fh (Not Used)
Product Name Header Record, SIT Record 10h
Byte
00h
01h
02h-14
15h
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
Product Name
Terminator Byte
Default
Value
10h
14h
“Compaq Deskpro EP”
00h
DC-DC Converter Record, SIT Record 11h (Not Used)
Processor Microcode Patch Record, SIT Record 12h
Byte
00h
01h
02h-05h
06h-09h
0Ah-0Dh
0Eh-11h
12h-15h
16h-19h
1Ah-1Dh
1Eh-21h
22h-25h
26h-29h
2Ah-2Dh
2Eh-31h
32h-35h
36h-39h
3Ah-3Dh
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
Patch 1 Version
Patch 1 Date
Patch 1 Family/Model/Stepping
Patch 2 Version
Patch 2 Date
Patch 2 Family/Model/Stepping
Patch 3 Version
Patch 3 Date
Patch 3 Family/Model/Stepping
Patch 4 Version
Patch 4 Date
Patch 4 Family/Model/Stepping
Patch 5 Version
Patch 5 Date
Patch 5 Family/Model/Stepping
7-10 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition - April 1998
Default
Value
12h
3Ch
00000020h
09031996h
00000632h
00000032h
12121996h
00000633h
00000033h
06161997h
00000634h
00000005h
08151997h
00000650h
00000015h
11241997h
00000650h
Technical Reference Guide
DMI System Slots Support Record, SIT Record 16h
Byte
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
05h
06h
07h
08h
09h
0Ah
0Bh
0Ch
0Dh
0Eh
0Fh
10h
11h
12h
13h
14h
15h
16h
17h
18h
19h
1Ah
1Bh
NOTE:
Default
Value
16h
1Ah
[1]
0Fh
05h
[1]
03h
00h
06h
05h
[1]
03h
01h
06h
05h
[1]
03h
02h
06h
05h
[1]
03h
03h
Na / 06h
Na / 05h
Na / [1]
Na / 03h
Na / 04h
Function
Record ID
No. of Data Bytes in Record
Number of Slots
Type of Slot
Data Width of Slot
Slot Usage/Length/Virtual
Slot Category
Slot ID
Type of Slot
Data Width of Slot
Slot Usage/Length/Virtual
Slot Category
Slot ID
Type of Slot
Data Width of Slot
Slot Usage/Length/Virtual
Slot Category
Slot ID
Type of Slot
Data Width of Slot
Slot Usage/Length/Virtual
Slot Category
Slot ID
Type of Slot
Data Width of Slot
Slot Usage/Length/Virtual
Slot Category
Slot ID
Covington- or Klamath-based board / Deschutes-based board
[1] Determined at runtime.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-11
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.4.3
EDID RETRIEVE
The BIOS function INT 15, AX=E813h is a tri-modal call that retrieves the VESA extended
display identification data (EDID). Two subfunctions are provided: AX=E813h BH=00h retrieves
the EDID information while AX=E813h BX=01h determines the level of DDC support.
Input:
AX
BH
BH
= E813h
= 00 Get EDID .
= 01 Get DDC support level
If BH = 00 then
DS:(E)SI = Pointer to a buffer (128 bytes) where ROM will return block
If 32-bit protected mode then
DS:(E)SI = Pointer to $DDC location
Output:
(Successful)
If BH
CX
CF
AH
If BH
BH
BL
= 0:
DS:SI=Buffer with EDID file.
= Number of bytes written
=0
=00h Completion of command
= 1:
= System DDC support
<0>=1 DDC1 support
<1>=1 DDC2 support
= Monitor DDC support
<0>=1 DDC1 support
<1>=1 DDC2 support
<2>=1 Screen blanked during transfer
(Failure)
CF
AH
7.4.4
=1
= 86h or 87h
DRIVE FAULT PREDICTION
The Compaq BIOS provides direct Drive Fault Prediction support for IDE-type hard drives. This
feature is provided through two BIOS calls. Function INT 15, AX=E817h is used to retrieve a
512-byte block of drive attribute data while the INT 15, AX=E81Bh is used to retrieve the drive’s
warranty threshold data. If data is returned indicating possible failure then the following
message is displayed:
“1720-Intellisafe Hard Drive detects imminent failure”
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7.4.5
SYSTEM MAP RETRIEVAL
The BIOS function INT 15, AX=E820h will return base memory and ISA/PCI memory
contiguous with base memory as normal memory ranges. This real mode call will indicate
chipset-defined address holes not in use, motherboard memory-mapped devices, and all
occurrences of the system BIOS as reserved. Standard PC address ranges will not be reported.
Input:
EBX
ECX
EDX
ES:DI
= continuation value or 00000000h to start at beginning of map
= number of bytes to copy (>=20)
= 534D4150h ('SMAP')
= buffer for result (see below)
Offset
00h
08h
10h
01h
02h
Size
QWORD
QWORD
DWORD
other:
Output:
If CF=0 (success)
EAX
EBX
ECX
ES:DI
Description
Base address
Length in bytes
Type of address range
Memory available to OS
Reserved, not available (e.g. system ROM,
memory-mapped device)
not defined
= 534D4150h ('SMAP')
= next offset from which to copy or 00000000h if finished
= actual length returned in bytes
= buffer filled
If CF=1 (failure)
AH
= Error Code (86h)
In order to determine the entire memory map, multiple E820 calls must be made.
For example, the first E820 call would be:
Input:
EDX
EBX
ECX
ES:DI
= 534D4150h
= 00h
= 14h
= some buffer to store information.
Output:
EAX
= 534D4150h
EBX
= 01h
ECX
= 14h
ES:DI = 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 FC 09 00
(indicates 0-639k is available to the OS)
00 00 00 00
01 00 00 00
Consecutive calls would continue until EBX returns with 0, indicating that the memory map is
complete.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-13
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.4.6
FLASH ROM FUNCTIONS
The system BIOS may be upgraded by flashing the ROM using the INT 15, AX=E822h BIOS
interface, which includes the necessary subfunctions. Upgrade by flashing is provided by a
ROMPAQ diskette. The upgrade procedure is described at the end of this chapter. Corrupted
BIOS code will be indicated by the keyboard LEDs as described previously in section 7.2.1.
7.4.7
POWER BUTTON FUNCTIONS
The BIOS includes an interface for controlling the system unit’s power button. The power button
can be disabled and enabled.
The INT 15, AX=E822h, BL=08h function can be invoked to disable the power button,
preventing a user from inadvertently powering down the system. This tri-modal function is
typically used in the ROM flashing procedure to reduce the chance of an accidental power down
while the BIOS is being upgraded.
Entry:
AX
BL
Return:
(Successful)
CF
AH
= E822h
= 08h
=0
= 00
(Failure)
CF
AH
=1
= 86, not supported
NOTE: With the Disable function invoked the system can still be powered down by
holding the power button in for four seconds or more.
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The INT 15, AX=E822h, BL=09h function is used to restore the power button to the state it was
in prior to invoking the Disable (BL=08h) function.
Entry:
AX
BL
Return:
(Successful)
CF
AH
= E822h
= 09h
=0
= 00
(Failure)
CF
AH
=1
= 86, call not supported
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-15
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.4.8
ACCESSING CMOS
Configuration memory data can be retrieved with the BIOS call INT 15, AX=E823h. This trimodal function retrieves a single byte from the CMOS map described in Chapter 4. The function
is described as follows:
INPUT:
EAX
BH
BL
CX
OUTPUT:
(Successful)
CF
AH
AL
(Failure)
CF
AH
7.4.9
= E823h
= 0, Read
= 1, Write
= Value to write (if a write is specified)
= Bytes number (zero-based)
=0
= 00h
= Byte value (on a read)
=1
= 86h, Function not supported
= FFh, byte does not exist
ACCESSING CMOS FEATURE BITS
The BIOS function INT 15, AX=E845h is a tri-modal call for accessing areas in non-volatile
memory (CMOS) used for storing variables for various features. Note that this function differs
from the previously discussed call since data blocks of varying lengths are retrieved.
INPUT:
EAX
BL
BH
CX
DS:SI
OUTPUT:
(Successful)
CF
EAX
BH
(Failure)
CF
AH
= E845h
= 0, Read
= 1, Write
= Value Read/to Write
= Feature Bits Number (refer to following description box)
= Pointer to buffer passing multiple byte features
=0
= Reserved
= Value read (on a read)
=1
= 86h, Function not supported
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Technical Reference Guide
Default
CX
Function
Value
0000h
PCI 2.1 Mode (Enabled)
1b
0001h
Erase Eaze Keyboard (off)
11b
0002h
Comm/IR Port Designation (Comm port)
0b
0003h
No Rejection of SETs By PnP (reject SETs)
0b
0004h
PCI VGA Snoop (snoop disabled)
0b
0005h
PCI Bus Mastering BIOS Support (enabled)
1b
0006h
Auto Prompt for Auto Setup (prompt for F1, F2, F10)
00b
0007h
Mode 2 Configuration Support (enabled)
1b
0008h
Secondary Hard Drive Controller Enabled (enabled)
1b
0009h
Secondary Hard Drive Controller IRQ (IRQ15)
11b
000Ah
Custom Drive Type #1
40 bits, all 0s
000Bh
Custom Drive Type #2
40 bits, all 0s
000Ch
Custom Drive Type #3
40 bits, all 0s
000Dh
Custom Drive Type #4
40 bits, all 0s
000Eh
POST Verbose/Terse or “Silent Boot” Mode (Terse)
1b
000Fh
Drive Translation Mode (translate)
0b
0010h
Mfg. Process Number Bytes
30 bits, [1]
0011h
Administrator Password
72 bits, [1]
0012h
Power-On Password
32 bits, [1]
0013h
Ownership Tag
640 bits, [1]
0014h
Warm Boot Password Mode (disabled)
0b
0015h
Hood Lock (enabled)
0b
0016h
Hood Removal (disabled)
00b
0017h
USB Security (disabled)
1b
0018h
Configurable Power Supply (legacy mode)
1b
0019h
QuickBoot Mode (full boot always)
11111b
001A-001Ch
Onboard NIC (1A)/SCSI (1B)/Pri. IDE (1C) Enables
1b/1b/1b
001Dh
Ultra SCSI Mode
1b
001E, 001Fh
QuickLock/QuiclBlank Enables
0b/0b
0020, 0021h
Serial Port 1/Port 2 Security
1b/1b
0022h
Parallel Port Security
1b
0023, 0024h
Diskette Drive Bootability/Writeability
0b/0b
0025h
Asset Tag
[1]
0026h
Back-to-Back I/O Delay
00b
0027h
CMOS /10h-2Fh Backup
[1]
0028h
QuickLock after Standby Enable
0b
0029-002Ch
Audio Enable/IRQ/DMA/Address
1b/01b/10b/00b
002Dh
ECP DMA Configuration
011b
002E, 002Fh
Serial Port 1 Base I/O Address/Interrupt
3Fh/00b
0030, 0031h
Serial Port 2 Base I/O Address/Interrupt
1Fh/00b
0032h
Ultra DMA-33 Enable
1111b
0033h
Network Server Mode Enable
0b
0034h
CIA BOM No. Bytes
[1]
0035h
Copy Standard CMOS to Backup Location
[1]
0036h
AGP Monochrome Adapter Search Enable
1b
0037h
APM Fan Throttle
1b
0038h
Manufacturing Diags Mode
0b
0039h
RIPL ROM Boot Mode
0b
003Ah
Exit Clean Boot Screen
[1]
003B-003Dh
Ethernet Speed/Mode/Connector Type
000b/00b/001b
003Eh
ACPI Enable
1b
003Fh
S/W BOM Serial Number of Bytes
[1]
0040h
Select ECP Mode
1b
NOTE:
For full bit definitions refer to the Compaq BIOS Technical Reference Guide.
[1] Determined at runtime.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-17
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.4.10
SECURITY FUNCTIONS
The INT 15 AX=E846h BIOS function is used to control various security features of the system.
This function may be issued by a remote system (over a network). The issuing driver must build a
request buffer for each security feature prior to making the call. This system supports the
following security features:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
QuickLock
QuickBlank
Diskette drive boot disable
Diskette drive write disable
IDE controller disable
Serial ports disable
Parallel port disable
Change administrator password
QuickLock on suspend
Ownership tag
USB disable
The write-protect function that determines diskette write control is extended to cover all drives
that use removable read/write media (i.e., if diskette write protect is invoked, then any diskette
drive, power drive (SCSI and/or ATAPI), and floptical drive installed will be inaccessible for
(protected from) writes). Client management software should check the following bytes of SIT
record 07h for the location and access method for this bit:
System Information Table, Peripheral and Input Device Record (07h) (partial listing)
Byte
Bit
Function
1Fh
7-0
Removable Read/Write Media Write Protect Enable Byte Offset (0-255)
20h
Removable Read/Write Media Write Protect Enable Bit Location:
7..4
CMOS Type:
0000 = CMOS
0001 = High CMOS
0010 = NVRAM
0011 = Flat model NVRAM
Bit Location:
3..0
0000 = Bit 0
0100 = Bit 4
0001 = Bit 1
0101 = Bit 5
0010 = Bit 2
0110 = Bit 6
0011 = Bit 3
0111 = Bit 7
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7.5
PnP SUPPORT
The BIOS includes Plug ’n Play (PnP) support for PnP version 1.0A.
NOTE: For full PnP functionality to be realized, all peripherals used in the system must
be designed as “PnP ready.” Any installed ISA peripherals that are not “PnP ready” can
still be used in the system, although configuration parameters may need to be considered
(and require intervention) by the user.
Table 7-2 shows the PnP functions supported (for detailed PnP information refer to the Compaq
BIOS Technical Reference Guide):
Table 7–1. PnP BIOS Functions
Table 7-2.
PnP BIOS Functions
Function
00h
01h
02h
03h
04h
50h
51h
Register
Get number of system device nodes
Get system device node
Set system device node
Get event
Send message
Get SMBIOS Structure Information
Get Specific SMBIOS Structure
The BIOS call INT 15, AX=E841h, BH=01h can be used by an application to retrieve the default
settings of PnP devices for the user. The application should use the following steps for the display
function:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Call PnP function 01(get System Device Node) for each devnode with bit 1 of the control
flag set (get static configuration) and save the results.
Call INT 15, AX=E841h, BH=01h.
Call PnP “Get Static Configuration” for each devnode and display the defaults.
If the user chooses to save the configuration, no further action is required. The system board
devices will be configured at the next boot. If the user wants to abandon the changes, then
the application must call PnP function 02 (Set System Device Node) for each devnode (with
bit 1 of the control flag set for static configuration) with the results from the calls made prior
to invoking this function.
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-19
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.5.1
SMBIOS
In support of the DMI specification the PnP functions 50h and 51h are used to retrieve the
SMBIOS data. Function 50h retrieves the number of structures, size of the largest structure, and
SMBIOS version. Function 51h retrieves a specific structure. This system supports SMBIOS
version 2.1 and the following structure types:
Type
0
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
12
13
16
17
18
19
20
Data
BIOS Information
System Information
System Enclosure or Chassis
Processor Information
Memory Controller Information
Memory Module Information
Cache Information
Port Connector Information
System Slots
On Board Device Information
System Configuration Options
BIOS Language Information
Physical Memory Array
Memory Devices
Memory Error Information
Memory Array Mapped Addresses
Memory Device Mapped Addresses
7-20 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
7.6
POWER MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS
The BIOS ROM provides three types of power management support; independent PM support,
APM support, and ACPI support.
7.6.1
INDEPENDENT PM SUPPORT
The BIOS ROM can provide power management of the system independently from any software
(OS or application) that is running on the system. In this mode the BIOS uses a timer to
determine when to switch the system to a different power state. State switching is not reported to
the OS and occurs as follows:
On – The computer is running normally and is drawing full power.
Standby – The computer is in a low power state. In this state the processor and chipset are still
running and the VSYNC signal to the monitor is turned off. Returning to the On state requires
very little time and will be initiated by any of the following actions:
a.
b.
key stroke
mouse movement
Off – The computer is not running and drawing practically no power at all.
7.6.2
ACPI SUPPORT
This system meets the hardware and firmware requirements for being ACPI compliant. The
BIOS function INT 15 AX=E845h can be used to check or set the ACPI enable/disable status of
the system, which defaults to the “ACPI enabled” state. The setup option for ACPI should be
disabled if APM/PnP is to be used with Windows 98 or when disabling power management and
PnP support for NT5.0. A hardware redetection should be made with Windows 98 and a reinstall
of Windows NT5.0 should be performed when an ACPI switch is made.
This system supports the following ACPI functions:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
PM timer
Power button
Power button override
RTC alarm
Sleep/Wake logic (S1, S4 (NT), S5
Legacy/ACPI select
C1 state (Halt)
C2 state (STOPGRANT)
C3 state (no clock)
PCI PME
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-21
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.6.3
APM SUPPORT
Advanced Power Management (APM) BIOS support provides interaction between the BIOS
ROM and the operating system (OS). The BIOS advises the OS when a power state transition
should occur. The OS then notifies the appropriate driver(s) and reports back to the BIOS.
For maximum energy-conservation benefit, APM functionality should be implemented using the
following three layers:
♦
♦
♦
BIOS layer (APM BIOS (ver. 1.2, 1.1, 1.0))
Operating system (OS) layer (APM driver)
Application layer (APM-aware application or device driver)
The process starts with the OS or driver making a connection with the BIOS through an APM
BIOS call. In a DOS environment POWER.EXE makes a Real mode connection. In Windows 3.1
and in Windows 95, a 32-bit connection is made. Currently Windows NT does not make an APM
connection.
With power management enabled, inactivity timers are monitored. When an inactivity timer
times out, an SMI is sent to the microprocessor to invoke the SMI handler. The SMI handler
works with the APM driver and APM BIOS to take appropriate action based on which inactivity
timer timed out.
Two I/O ports are used for APM communication with the SMI handler:
Port Address
0B2h
0B3h
Name
APM Control
APM Status
Three power states are defined under power management:
On - The computer is running, all subsystems are on and drawing full power. Any activity in the
following subsystems will reset the activity timer, which has a default setting of 15 minutes
before Standby entered:
a. Keyboard
b. Mouse
c. Serial port
d. Diskette drive
e. Hard drive
7-22 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Standby - The computer is in a low power state: video is off, some subsystems may be drawing
less power, and the microprocessor is halted except for servicing interrupts. Video graphics
controller is under driver control and/or VSYNC is off and the power supply fan is turned off.
Any of the following activities will generate a wake-up SMI and return the system to On:
a. Keyboard
b. Mouse
c. Serial port
d. Diskette drive
e. Hard drive
f. RTC Alarm
If no APM connection is present, the BIOS will set an APM timer to 45 minutes, at which time
the Suspend will be entered if no activity has occurred. This function can be defeated (so that
Suspend will not be achieved). If an APM connection is present, the BIOS APM timer is not used
and Suspend is entered only by user request either through an icon in Windows 95 or by pressing
and releasing the power button under 4 seconds.
Suspend - The computer is in a low power state: video graphics controller is under driver control
and/or HSYNC and VSYNC are off, some subsystems may be drawing less power, and the
microprocessor is halted except for servicing interrupts. Any of the following activities will
generate a wake-up SMI and return the system to On:
a. Keyboard
b. Mouse
c. Serial port
d. Diskette drive
e. Hard drive
f. RTC Alarm
g. Network interface controller
The APM BIOS for this system supports APM 1.2 as well as previous versions 1.1 and 1.0. The
APM BIOS functions are listed in Table 7-3.
Table 7–2. APM BIOS Functions (INT15)
Table 7-3.
APM BIOS Functions (INT15)
AX
5300h
5301h
5302h
5303h
5304h
5305h
5306h
5307h
5308h
5309h
530Ah
530Bh
530Ch
530Dh
530Eh
530Fh
5380h
Function
APM Installation Check
APM Connect (Real Mode)
APM Connect (16-bit Protected Mode)
APM Connect (32-bit Protected Mode)
Interface Disconnect
CPU Idle
CPU Busy
Set Power State [1]
Enable/Disable Power Management
Restore Power On Defaults
Get Power Status
Get PM Event
Get Power State
Enable/Disable Device Power Management
APM Driver Version
Engage/Disengage Power Management
OEM (Compaq) Specific APM Function
Compa Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
First Edition- April 1998
7-23
Chapter 7 BIOS ROM
7.7
USB LEGACY SUPPORT
The BIOS ROM checks the USB port, during POST, for the presence of a USB keyboard. This
allows a system with only a USB keyboard to be used during ROM-based setup and also on a
system with an OS that does not include a USB driver.
On such a system a keystroke will generate an SMI and the SMI handler will retrieve the data
from the device and convert it to PS/2 data. The data will be passed to the keyboard controller
and processed as in the PS/2 interface. Changing the delay and/or typematic rate of a USB
keyboard though BIOS function INT 16 is not supported.
The system does not support hot-plugging of a USB keyboard, nor is a keyboard attached to a
USB hub supported. A PS/2 keyboard and a USB keyboard can, however, be connected and used
simultaneously.
7.8
BIOS UPGRADING
The 66-MHz slot 1 (2-DIMM) systems ship with ROM version 686T1. The 100-MHz slot 1 (3DIMM) systems ship with ROM version 686T2. The flash ROM device can be re-written with
updated BIOS code if necessary. The flashing procedure is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Create a system (bootable) diskette using the FORMAT A: /S command in DOS.
Download the appropriate BIOS firmware from the Compaq web site.
Copy the downloaded BIOS file and the flash utility file onto the boot diskette.
Unzip the BIOS and flash utility files, which should result in an .exe file and a .bin file.
Place the boot diskette into drive A: and reboot the system.
At the A: prompt, type in “filename.exe filename.bin” (there is a space between the file
names) and press Enter.
At the Flash Memory Write menu, to the question “Do you want to save BIOS?” select Y. If
you want to save the current BIOS type the current BIOS name and the extension after “File
name to save” (example: type in 613j900.bin). Alternately, select N if you do not want to
save the current BIOS.
To the question “Are you sure to program?” select Y.
Wait until the message “Power Off or Reset the system,” indicating the BIOS has been
loaded successfully. Then remove the boot diskette. Should power be lost or the system
reset during this time (before the message is displayed) the BIOS code in ROM will
likely be corrupted and the procedure will have to be repeated (starting at step 5).
Turn off (power down) the system.
While holding the End key down, turn on (power up) the system, making sure the End key
is held down until the Setup utility is entered.
Complete the Setup utility as appropriate.
Re-boot the system.
If the BIOS code is corrupted due to a failed ROM flash the keyboard LEDs provide an indication
of the problem during the boot process as described in section 7.2.1.
7-24 Compaq Deskpro EP Series of Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Appendix A
ERROR MESSAGES AND CODES
A. Appendix A ERROR MESSAGES AND CODES
A.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix lists the error codes and a brief description of the probable cause of the error. Note
that not all errors listed in this appendix may be applicable to a particular system depending on
the model and/or configuration.
A.2
POWER-ON MESSAGES
Table A–1. Power-On Messages
Table A-1.
Power-On Messages
Message
CMOS Time and Date Not Set
(none)
Run Setup
A.3
Beeps
(None)
2 short
(None)
Probable Cause
Invalid time or date
Power-On successful
Any failure
BEEP/KEYBOARD LED CODES
Table A–2. Beep/Keyboard LED Codes
Table A-2.
Beep/Keyboard LED Codes
Beeps
1 short, two long
1 long, two short
Two long, one short
NOTE:
[1] PS/2 keyboard only.
LED Blinking [1]
NUM Lock
CAP Lock
Scroll Lock
Probable Cause
Base memory failure.
Video/graphics controller failure.
System failure (prior to video initialization).
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed – March 1998
A-1
Appendix A Error Messages and Codes
A.4
POWER-ON SELF TEST (POST) MESSAGES
Table A–3. Power-On Self Test (POST) Messages
Table A-3.
Power-On Self Test (POST) Messages
Error Message
Bad PnP Serial ID Checksum
Address Lines Short!
Cache Memory Failure, Do Not Enable
Cache!
CMOS Battery Failed
CMOS Checksum Invalid
CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS Display Type Mismatch
CMOS Memory Size Mismatch
CMOS Time and Date Not Set
Diskette Boot Failure
DMA Bus Timeout
DMA Controller Error
Drive Not Ready Error
Diskette Drive Controller Failure
Diskette Drive Controller Resource
Conflict
Diskette Drive A: Failure
Diskette Drive B: Failure
Gate A20 Failure
Invalid Boot Diskette
Keyboard Controller Error
Keyboard is Locked…Please Unlock It
Keyboard Stuck Key Detected
Master DMA Controller Error
Master Interrupt Controller Error
Memory Size Decreased
NVRAM Checksum Error, NVRAM
Cleared
NVRAM Cleared By Jumper
NVRAM Data Invalid, NVRAM Cleared
Off Board Parity Error Addr. (HEX) = X
Parallel Port Resource Conflict
PCI Error Log is Full
PCI I/O Port Conflict
PCI Memory Conflict
Primary Boot Device Not Found
Primary IDE Cntrl. Resource Conflict
Primary Input Device Not Found
Secondary IDE Controller Resource
Serial Port 1 Resource Conflict
Serial Port 2 Resource Conflict
Slave DMA Controller Error
Slave Interrupt Controller Error
Static Device Resource Conflict
System Board Device Resource
Conflict
System Memory Size Mismatch
Probable Cause
Serial ID checksum of PnP card was invalid.
Error in address decoding circuitry on system board.
Defective cache memory, CPU has failed.
Low RTC/CMOS battery
Previous and current checksum value mismatch.
Corrupt or non-existant CMOS values.
Graphics/video type in CMOS does not match type detected by
BIOS.
Memory amount detected does not match value stored in CMOS.
Time and date are invalid.
Boot disk in drive A: is corrupt.
Bus driven by device for more than 7.8 us
Error in one or both DMA controllers.
BIOS cannot access the diskette drive.
BIOS cannot communicate with diskette drive controller.
Diskette drive controller has requested a resource already in use.
BIOS cannot access drive A:.
BIOS cannot access drive B:
Gate A20 of keyboard controller not working.
BIOS can read but cannot boot system from drive A:.
Keyboard controller failure.
Locked keyboard.
Key pressed down.
Error exists in master DMA controller.
Master interrupt controller failure.
Amount of memory detected is less than stated value in CMOS.
ESCD data was re-initialized due to NVRAM checksum error.
NVRAM has been cleared by removal of jumper.
Invalid entry in ESCD.
Parity error occurred in expansion memory, x= address of error.
Parallel port has requested a resource already in use.
PCI conflict error limit (15) has been reached.
Two devices requested the same resource.
Two devices requested the same resource.
Designated primary boot device could not be found.
Primary IDE controller requested a resource already in use.
Designated primary input device could not be found.
Secondary IDE controller has requested a resource already in use.
Serial port 1 requested a resource already in use.
Serial port 2 requested a resource already in use.
Error exists in slave DMA controller.
Slave interrupt controller failure.
A non-PnP ISA card has requested a resource already in use.
A non-PnP ISA card has requested a resource already in use.
Amount of memory detected on system board is different from
amount indicated in CMOS.
NOTE:
PCI and PnP messages are displayed with bus, device, and function information.
A-2
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
A.5
PROCESSOR ERROR MESSAGES (1xx-xx)
Table A–4. Processor Error Messages
Table A-4.
Processor Error Messages
Message
101-01
101-02
101-91..94
102-01
102-02
102-03
102-04
102-05
102-06
102-07
102-08
102-09
102-10
102-11
102-12
102-15
102-16
102-17
102-18
102-19
102-20
102-21
103-01
103-02
103-03
104-01
104-02
104-03
105-01
105-02
105-03
105-04
105-05
105-06
105-07
Probable Cause
CPU test failed
32-bit CPU test failed
Multiplication test failed
FPU initial sts. word incorrect
FPU initial cntrl. Word incorrect
FPU tag word not all ones
FPU tag word not all zeros
FPU exchange command failed
FPU masked exception error
FPU unmasked exception error
FPU wrong mask status bit set
FPU unable to store real number
FPU real number calc test failed
FPU speed test failed
FPU pattern test failed
FPU is inoperative or not present
Weitek not responding
Weitek failed register trnsfr. Test
Weitek failed arithemetic ops test
Weitek failed data conv. Test
Weitek failed interrupt test
Weitek failed speed test
DMA page registers test failed
DMA byte controller test failed
DMA word controller test failed
Master int. cntlr. test fialed
Slave int. cntlr. test failed
Int. cntlr. SW RTC inoperative
Port 61 bit <6> not at zero
Port 61 bit <5> not at zero
Port 61 bit <3> not at zero
Port 61 bit <1> not at zero
Port 61 bit <0> not at zero
Port 61 bit <5> not at one
Port 61 bit <3> not at one
Message
105-08
105-09
105-10
105-11
105-12
105-13
105-14
106-01
107-01
108-02
108-03
109-01
109-02
109-03
110-01
110-02
110-03
111-01
112-01
112-02
112-03
112-04
112-05
112-06
112-07
112-08
112-09
112-10
112-11
112-12
113-01
114-01
116-xx
199-00
--
Probable Cause
Port 61 bit <1> not at one
Port 61 bit <0> not at one
Port 61 I/O test failed
Port 61 bit <7> not at zero
Port 61 bit <2> not at zero
No interrupt generated by failsafe timer
NMI not triggered by failsafe timer
Keyboard controller test failed
CMOS RAM test failed
CMOS interrupt test failed
CMOS not properly initialized (interrupt test)
CMOS clock load data test failed
CMOS clock rollover test failed
CMOS not properly initialized (clock test)
Programmable timer load data test failed
Programmable timer dynamic test failed
Program timer 2 load data test failed
Refresh detect test failed
Speed test Slow mode out of range
Speed test Mixed mode out of range
Speed test Fast mode out of range
Speed test unable to enter Slow mode
Speed test unable to enter Mixed mode
Speed test unable to enter Fast mode
Speed test system error
Unable to enter Auto mode in speed test
Unable to enter High mode in speed test
Speed test High mode out of range
Speed test Auto mode out of range
Speed test variable speed mode inoperative
Protected mode test failed
Speaker test failed
Way 0 read/write test failed
Installed devices test failed
--
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed – March 1998
A-3
Appendix A Error Messages and Codes
A.6
MEMORY ERROR MESSAGES (2xx-xx)
Table A–5. Memory Error Messages
Table A-5.
Memory Error Messages
Message
200-04
200-05
200-06
200-07
200-08
201-01
202-01
202-02
202-03
203-01
203-02
203-03
204-01
204-02
204-03
204-04
204-05
205-01
205-02
205-03
206-xx
210-01
210-02
210-03
211-01
211-02
211-03
213-xx
214-xx
215-xx
A.7
Probable Cause
Real memory size changed
Extended memory size changed
Invalid memory configuration
Extended memory size changed
CLIM memory size changed
Memory machine ID test failed
Memory system ROM checksum failed
Failed RAM/ROM map test
Failed RAM/ROM protect test
Memory read/write test failed
Error while saving block in read/write test
Error while restoring block in read/write test
Memory address test failed
Error while saving block in address test
Error while restoring block in address test
A20 address test failed
Page hit address test failed
Walking I/O test failed
Error while saving block in walking I/O test
Error while restoring block in walking I/O test
Increment pattern test failed
Memory increment pattern test
Error while saving memory during increment pattern test
Error while restoring memory during increment pattern test
Memory random pattern test
Error while saving memory during random memory pattern test
Error while restoring memory during random memory pattern test
Incompatible DIMM in slot x
Noise test failed
Random address test
KEYBOARD ERROR MESSAGES (30x-xx)
Table A–6. Keyboard Error Messages
Table A-6.
Keyboard Error Messages
Message
300-xx
301-01
301-02
301-03
301-04
301-05
302-xx
302-01
303-01
303-02
303-03
303-04
A-4
Probable Cause
Failed ID test
Kybd short test, 8042 self-test failed
Kybd short test, interface test failed
Kybd short test, echo test failed
Kybd short test, kybd reset failed
Kybd short test, kybd reset failed
Failed individual key test
Kybd long test failed
LED test, 8042 self-test failed
LED test, reset test failed
LED test, reset failed
LED test, LED command test failed
Message
303-05
303-06
303-07
303-08
303-09
304-01
304-02
304-03
304-04
304-05
304-06
--
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Probable Cause
LED test, LED command test failed
LED test, LED command test failed
LED test, LED command test failed
LED test, command byte restore test failed
LED test, LEDs failed to light
Keyboard repeat key test failed
Unable to enter mode 3
Incorrect scan code from keyboard
No Make code observed
Cannot /disable repeat key feature
Unable to return to Normal mode
--
Technical Reference Guide
A.8
PRINTER ERROR MESSAGES (4xx-xx)
Table A–7. Printer Error Messages
Table A-7.
Printer Error Messages
Message
401-01
402-01
402-02
402-03
402-04
402-05
402-06
402-07
402-08
402-09
A.9
Probable Cause
Printer failed or not connected
Printer data register failed
Printer control register failed
Data and control registers failed
Loopback test failed
Loopback test and data reg. failed
Loopback test and cntrl. reg. failed
Loopback tst, data/cntrl. reg. failed
Interrupt test failed
Interrupt test and data reg. failed
Message
402-10
402-11
402-12
402-13
402-14
402-15
402-16
402-01
498-00
--
Probable Cause
Interrupt test and control reg. failed
Interrupt test, data/cntrl. reg. failed
Interrupt test and loopback test failed
Int. test, LpBk. test., and data register failed
Int. test, LpBk. test., and cntrl. register failed
Int. test, LpBk. test., and data/cntrl. reg. failed
Unexpected interrupt received
Printer pattern test failed
Printer failed or not connected
--
VIDEO (GRAPHICS) ERROR MESSAGES (5xx-xx)
Table A–8. Video (Graphics) Error Messages
Table A-8.
Video (Graphics) Error Messages
Message
501-01
502-01
503-01
504-01
505-01
506-01
507-01
Probable Cause
Video controller test failed
Video memory test failed
Video attribute test failed
Video character set test failed
80x25 mode, 9x14 cell test failed
80x25 mode, 8x8 cell test failed
40x25 mode test failed
Message
508-01
509-01
510-01
511-01
512-01
514-01
516-01
Probable Cause
320x200 mode, color set 0 test failed
320x200 mode, color set 1 test failed
640x200 mode test failed
Screen memory page test failed
Gray scale test failed
White screen test failed
Noise pattern test failed
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed – March 1998
A-5
Appendix A Error Messages and Codes
A.10
DISKETTE DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES (6xx-xx)
Table A–9. Diskette Drive Error Messages
Table A-9.
Diskette Drive Error Messages
Message
Probable Cause
6xx-01
Exceeded maximum soft error limit
6xx-02
Exceeded maximum hard error limit
6xx-03
Previously exceeded max soft limit
6xx-04
Previously exceeded max hard limit
6xx-05
Failed to reset controller
6xx-06
Fatal error while reading
6xx-07
Fatal error while writing
6xx-08
Failed compare of R/W buffers
6xx-09
Failed to format a tract
6xx-10
Failed sector wrap test
600-xx = Diskette drive ID test
601-xx = Diskette drive format
602-xx = Diskette read test
603-xx = Diskette drive R/W compare test
604-xx = Diskette drive random seek test
605-xx = Diskette drive ID media
606-xx = Diskette drive speed test
607-xx = Diskette drive wrap test
A.11
Message
Probable Cause
6xx-20
Failed to get drive type
6xx-21
Failed to get change line status
6xx-22
Failed to clear change line status
6xx-23
Failed to set drive type in ID media
6xx-24
Failed to read diskette media
6xx-25
Failed to verify diskette media
6xx-26
Failed to read media in speed test
6xx-27
Failed speed limits
6xx-28
Failed write-protect test
--608-xx = Diskette drive write-protect test
609-xx = Diskette drive reset controller test
610-xx = Diskette drive change line test
694-00 = Pin 34 not cut on 360-KB drive
697-00 = Diskette type error
698-00 = Drive speed not within limits
699-00 = Drive/media ID error (run Setup)
SERIAL INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (11xx-xx)
Table A–10. Serial Interface Error Messages
Table A-10.
Serial Interface Error Messages
Message
1101-01
1101-02
1101-03
1101-04
1101-05
1101-06
1101-07
1101-08
1101-09
1101-10
1101-11
A-6
Probable Cause
Port test, UART DLAB bit failure
Port test, line input or UART fault
Port test, address line fault
Port test, data line fault
Port test, UART cntrl. signal failure
Port test, UART THRE bit failure
Port test, UART Dta RDY bit failure
Port test, UART TX/RX buffer failure
Port test, interrupt circuit failure
Port test, COM1 set to invalid INT
Port test, COM2 set to invalid INT
Message
1101-12
1101-13
1101-14
1109-01
1109-02
1109-03
1109-04
1109-05
1109-06
1150-xx
--
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Probable Cause
Port test, DRVR/RCVR cntrl. signal failure
Port test, UART cntrl. signal interrupt failure
Port test, DRVR/RCVR data failure
Clock register initialization failure
Clock register rollover failure
Clock reset failure
Input line or clock failure
Address line fault
Data line fault
Comm port setup error (run Setup)
--
Technical Reference Guide
A.12
MODEM COMMUNICATIONS ERROR MESSAGES (12xx-xx)
Table A–11. Serial Interface Error Messages
Table A-11.
Serial Interface Error Messages
Message
Probable Cause
1201-XX
Modem internal loopback test
1201-01
UART DLAB bit failure
1201-02
Line input or UART failure
1201-03
Address line failure
1201-04
Data line fault
1201-05
UART control signal failure
1201-06
UART THRE bit failure
1201-07
UART DATA READY bit failure
1201-08
UART TX/RX buffer failure
1201-09
Interrupt circuit failure
1201-10
COM1 set to invalid inturrupt
1201-11
COM2 set to invalid
1201-12
DRVR/RCVR control signal failure
1201-13
UART control signal interrupt failure
1201-14
DRVR/RCVR data failure
1201-15
Modem detection failure
1201-16
Modem ROM, checksum failure
1201-17
Tone detect failure
1202-XX
Modem internal test
1202-01
Time-out waiting for SYNC [1]
1202-02
Time-out waiting for response [1]
1202-03
Data block retry limit reached [1]
1202-11
Time-out waiting for SYNC [2]
1202-12
Time-out waiting for response [2]
1202-13
Data block retry limit reached [2]
1202-21
Time-out waiting for SYNC [3]
1202-22
Time-out waiting for response [3]
1202-23
Data block retry limit reached [3]
1203-XX
Modem external termination test
1203-01
Modem external TIP/RING failure
1203-02
Modem external data TIP/RING fail
1203-03
Modem line termination failure
1204-XX
Modem auto originate test
1204-01
Time-out waiting for SYNC [4]
1204-02
Time-out waiting for response [4]
NOTES:
[1] Local loopback mode
[2] Analog loopback originate mode
[3] Analog loopback answer mode
[4] Modem auto originate test
[5] Modem auto answer test
[6] Modem direct connect test
Message
1204-03
1204-04
1204-05
1204-06
1204-07
1204-08
1204-09
1204-10
1204-11
1205-XX
1205-01
1205-02
1205-03
1205-04
1205-05
1205-06
1205-07
1205-08
1205-09
1205-10
1205-11
1206-XX
1206-17
1210-XX
1210-01
1210-02
1210-03
1210-04
1210-05
1210-06
1210-07
1210-08
1210-09
1210-10
1210-11
Probable Cause
Data block retry limit reached [4]
RX exceeded carrier lost limit
TX exceeded carrier lost limit
Time-out waiting for dial tone
Dial number string too long
Modem time-out waiting for remote response
Modem exceeded maximum redial limit
Line quality prevented remote response
Modem time-out waiting for remote connection
Modem auto answer test
Time-out waiting for SYNC [5]
Time-out waiting for response [5]
Data block retry limit reached [5]
RX exceeded carrier lost limit
TX exceeded carrier lost limit
Time-out waiting for dial tone
Dial number string too long
Modem time-out waiting for remote response
Modem exceeded maximum redial limit
Line quality prevented remote response
Modem time-out waiting for remote connection
Dial multi-frequency tone test
Tone detection failure
Modem direct connect test
Time-out waiting for SYNC [6]
Time-out waiting for response [6]
Data block retry limit reached [6]
RX exceeded carrier lost limit
TX exceeded carrier lost limit
Time-out waiting for dial tone
Dial number string too long
Modem time-out waiting for remote response
Modem exceeded maximum redial limit
Line quality prevented remote response
Modem time-out waiting for remote connection
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed – March 1998
A-7
Appendix A Error Messages and Codes
A.13
HARD DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES (17xx-xx)
Table A–12. Hard Drive Error Messages
Table A-12.
Hard Drive Error Messages
Message
Probable Cause
17xx-01
Exceeded max. soft error limit
17xx-02
Exceeded max. Hard error limit
17xx-03
Previously exceeded max. soft error limit
17xx-04
Previously exceeded max.hard error limit
17xx-05
Failed to reset controller
17xx-06
Fatal error while reading
17xx-07
Fatal error while writing
17xx-08
Failed compare of R/W buffers
17xx-09
Failed to format a track
17xx-10
Failed diskette sector wrap during read
17xx-19
Cntlr. failed to deallocate bad sectors
17xx-40
Cylinder 0 error
17xx-41
Drive not ready
17xx-42
Failed to recalibrate drive
17xx-43
Failed to format a bad track
17xx-44
Failed controller diagnostics
17xx-45
Failed to get drive parameters from ROM
17xx-46
Invalid drive parameters from ROM
17xx-47
Failed to park heads
17xx-48
Failed to move hard drive table to RAM
17xx-49
Failed to read media in file write test
17xx-50
Failed I/O write test
1700-xx = Hard drive ID test
1701-xx = Hard drive format test
1702-xx = Hard drive read test
1703-xx = Hard drive read/write compare test
1704-xx = Hard drive random seek test
1705-xx = Hard drive controller test
1706-xx = Hard drive ready test
1707-xx = Hard drive recalibrate test
1708-xx = Hard drive format bad track test
1709-xx = Hard drive reset controller test
A-8
Message
Probable Cause
17xx-51
Failed I/O read test
17xx-52
Failed file I/O compare test
17xx-53
Failed drive/head register test
17xx-54
Failed digital input register test
17xx-55
Cylinder 1 error
17xx-56
Failed controller RAM diagnostics
17xx-57
Failed controller-to-drive diagnostics
17xx-58
Failed to write sector buffer
17xx-59
Failed to read sector buffer
17xx-60
Failed uncorrectable ECC error
17xx-62
Failed correctable ECC error
17xx-63
Failed soft error rate
17xx-65
Exceeded max. bad sectors per track
17xx-66
Failed to initialize drive parameter
17xx-67
Failed to write long
17xx-68
Failed to read long
17xx-69
Failed to read drive size
17xx-70
Failed translate mode
17xx-71
Failed non-translate mode
17xx-72
Bad track limit exceeded
17xx-73
Previously exceeded bad track limit
--1710-xx = Hard drive park head test
1714-xx = Hard drive file write test
1715-xx = Hard drive head select test
1716-xx = Hard drive conditional format test
1717-xx = Hard drive ECC test
1719-xx = Hard drive power mode test
1721-xx = SCSI hard drive imminent failure
1724-xx = Net work preparation test
1736-xx = Drive monitoring test
1799-xx = Invalid hard drive type
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
A.14
HARD DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES (19xx-xx)
Table A–13. Hard Drive Error Messages
Table A-13.
Hard Drive Error Messages
Message
Probable Cause
19xx-01
Drive not installed
19xx-02
Cartridge not installed
19xx-03
Tape motion error
19xx-04
Drive busy erro
19xx-05
Track seek error
19xx-06
Tape write-protect error
19xx-07
Tape already Servo Written
19xx-08
Unable to Servo Write
19xx-09
Unable to format
19xx-10
Format mode error
19xx-11
Drive recalibration error
19xx-12
Tape not Servo Written
19xx-13
Tape not formatted
19xx-14
Drive time-out error
19xx-15
Sensor error flag
19xx-16
Block locate (block ID) error
19xx-17
Soft error limit exceeded
19xx-18
Hard error limit exceeded
19xx-19
Write (probably ID ) error
19xx-20
NEC fatal error
1900-xx = Tape ID test failed
1901-xx = Tape servo write failed
1902-xx = Tape format failed
1903-xx = Tape drive sensor test failed
A.15
Message
Probable Cause
19xx-21
Got servo pulses second time but not first
19xx-22
Never got to EOT after servo check
19xx-23
Change line unset
19xx-24
Write-protect error
19xx-25
Unable to erase cartridge
19xx-26
Cannot identify drive
19xx-27
Drive not compatible with controller
19xx-28
Format gap error
19xx-30
Exception bit not set
19xx-31
Unexpected drive status
19xx-32
Device fault
19xx-33
Illegal command
19xx-34
No data detected
19xx-35
Power-on reset occurred
19xx-36
Failed to set FLEX format mode
19xx-37
Failed to reset FLEX format mode
19xx-38
Data mismatch on directory track
19xx-39
Data mismatch on track 0
19xx-40
Failed self-test
19xx-91
Power lost during test
1904-xx = Tape BOT/EOT test failed
1905-xx = Tape read test failed
1906-xx = Tape R/W compare test failed
1907-xx = Tape write-protect failed
VIDEO (GRAPHICS) ERROR MESSAGES (24xx-xx)
Table A–14. Hard Drive Messages
Table A-14.
Hard Drive Error Messages
Message
2402-01
2403-01
2404-01
2405-01
2406-01
2407-01
2408-01
2409-01
2410-01
2411-01
2412-01
2414-01
2416-01
2417-01
2417-02
2417-03
2417-04
2418-01
Probable Cause
Video memory test failed
Video attribute test failed
Video character set test failed
80x25 mode, 9x14 cell test failed
80x25 mode, 8x8 cell test failed
40x25 mode test failed
320x200 mode color set 0 test failed
320x200 mode color set 1 test failed
640x200 mode test failed
Screen memory page test failed
Gray scale test failed
White screen test failed
Noise pattern test failed
Lightpen text test failed, no response
Lightpen text test failed, invalid response
Lightpen graphics test failed, no resp.
Lightpen graphics test failed, invalid resp.
EGA memory test failed
Message
2418-02
2419-01
2420-01
2421-01
2422-01
2423-01
2424-01
2425-01
2431-01
2432-01
2448-01
2451-01
2456-01
2458-xx
2468-xx
2477-xx
2478-xx
2480-xx
Probable Cause
EGA shadow RAM test failed
EGA ROM checksum test failed
EGA attribute test failed
640x200 mode test failed
640x350 16-color set test failed
640x350 64-color set test failed
EGA Mono. text mode test failed
EGA Mono. graphics mode test failed
640x480 graphics mode test failed
320x200 256-color set test failed
Advanced VGA controller test failed
132-column AVGA test failed
AVGA 256-color test failed
AVGA BitBLT test failed
AVGA DAC test failed
AVGA data path test failed
AVGA BitBLT test failed
AVGA linedraw test failed
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed – March 1998
A-9
Appendix A Error Messages and Codes
A.16
AUDIO ERROR MESSAGES (3206-xx)
Table A–15. Audio Error Messages
Table A-15.
Audio Error Message
Message
3206-xx
A.17
Probable Cause
Audio subsystem internal error
NETWORK INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (60xx-xx)
Table A–16. Network Interface Error Messages
Table A-16.
Network Interface Error Messages
Message
6000-xx
6014-xx
6016-xx
6028-xx
6029-xx
Probable Cause
Pointing device interface error
Ethernet configuration test failed
Ethernet reset test failed
Ethernet int. loopback test failed
Ethernet ext. loopback test failed
Message
6054-xx
6056-xx
6068-xx
6069-xx
6089-xx
A-10 Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Probable Cause
Token ring configuration test failed
Token ring reset test failed
Token ring int. loopback test failed
Token ring ext. loopback test failed
Token ring open
Technical Reference Guide
A.18
SCSI INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (65xx-xx, 66xx-xx, 67xx-xx)
Table A–17. SCSI Interface Error Messages
Table A-17.
SCSI Interface Error Messages
Message
Probable Cause
6nyy-02
Drive not installed
6nyy-03
Media not installed
6nyy-05
Seek failure
6nyy-06
Drive timed out
6nyy-07
Drive busy
6nyy-08
Drive already reserved
6nyy-09
Reserved
6nyy-10
Reserved
6nyy-11
Media soft error
6nyy-12
Drive not ready
6nyy-13
Media error
6nyy-14
Drive hardware error
6nyy-15
Illegal drive command
6nyy-16
Media was changed
6nyy-17
Tape write-protected
6nyy-18
No data detected
6nyy-21
Drive command aborted
6nyy-24
Media hard error
6nyy-25
Reserved
6nyy-30
Controller timed out
6nyy-31
Unrecoverable error
6nyy-32
Controller/drive not connected
n = 5, Hard drive
= 6, CD-ROM drive
= 7, Tape drive.
Message
6nyy-33
6nyy-34
6nyy-35
6nyy-36
6nyy-39
6nyy-40
6nyy-41
6nyy-42
6nyy-43
6nyy-44
6nyy-50
6nyy-51
6nyy-52
6nyy-53
6nyy-54
6nyy-60
6nyy-61
6nyy-65
6nyy-90
6nyy-91
6nyy-92
6nyy-99
Probable Cause
Illegal controller command
Invalid SCSI bus phase
Invalid SCSI bus phase
Invalid SCSI bus phase
Error status from drive
Drive timed out
SSI bus stayed busy
ACK/REQ lines bad
ACK did not deassert
Parity error
Data pins bad
Data line 7 bad
MSG, C/D, or I/O lines bad
BSY never went busy
BSY stayed busy
Controller CONFIG-1 register fault
Controller CONFIG-2 register fault
Media not unloaded
Fan failure
Over temperature condition
Side panel not installed
Autoloader reported tape not loaded properly
yy = 00, ID
= 03, Power check
= 05, Read
= 06, SA/Media
= 08, Controller;
= 23, Random read
= 28, Media load/unload
A.19
POINTING DEVICE INTERFACE ERROR MESSAGES (8601-xx)
Table A–18. Pointing Device Interface Error Messages
Table A-18.
Pointing Device Interface Error Messages
Message
8601-01
8601-02
8601-03
8601-04
8601-05
Probable Cause
Mouse ID fails
Left mouse button is inoperative
Left mouse button is stuck closed
Right mouse button is inoperative
Right mouse button is stuck closed
Message
8601-06
8601-07
8601-08
8601-09
8601-10
Probable Cause
Left block not selected
Right block not selected
Timeout occurred
Mouse loopback test failed
Pointing device is inoperative
Compaq Personal Computers A-11
Changed – March 1998
Appendix A Error Messages and Codes
A.20
CEMM PRIVILEDGED OPS ERROR MESSAGES
Table A–19. CEMM Privileged Ops Error Messages
Table A-19.
CEMM Privileged Ops Error Messages
Message
00
01
02
03
A.21
Probable Cause
LGDT instruction
LIDT instruction
LMSW instruction
LL2 instruction
Message
04
05
06
07
Probable Cause
LL3 instruction
MOV CRx instruction
MOV DRx instruction
MOV TRx instruction
CEMM EXCEPTION ERROR MESSAGES
Table A–20. CEMM Exception Error Messages
Table A-20.
CEMM Exception Error Messages
Message
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
Probable Cause
Divide
Debug
NMI or parity
INT 0 (arithmetic overflow)
INT 3
Array bounds check
Invalid opcode
Coprocessor device not available
Double fault
Coprocessor segment overrun
Message
10
11
12
13
14
16
32
33
34
--
A-12 Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Probable Cause
Invalid TSS
Segment not present
Stack full
General protection fault
Page fault
Coprocessor
Attempt to write to protected area
Reserved
Invalid software interrupt
--
Technical Reference Guide
Appendix B
ASCII CHARACTER SET
B. Appendix B ASCII CHARACTER SET
B.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix lists, in Table B-1, the 256-character ASCII code set including the decimal and
hexadecimal values. All ASCII symbols may be called while in DOS or using standard textmode editors by using the combination keystroke of holding the Alt key and using the Numeric
Keypad to enter the decimal value of the symbol. The extended ASCII characters (decimals 128255) can only be called using the Alt + Numeric Keypad keys.
NOTE: Regarding keystrokes, refer to notes at the end of the table. Applications may interpret
multiple keystroke accesses differently or ignore them completely.
Figure B–1. ASCII Character Set
Table B-1.
ASCII Character Set
Dec
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Hex
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
1C
1D
1E
1F
Symbol
Blank
♥
♦
♣
♠
●
❍
↕
!!
¶
§
↕
↑
↓
→
←
↔
▲
▼
Dec
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Hex
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
2F
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
3F
Symbol
Space
!
“
#
$
%
&
‘
(
)
*
+
`
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
Dec
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Hex
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
Symbol
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
Dec
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Hex
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
6F
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
7A
7B
7C
7D
7E
7F
Symbol
‘
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
I
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
[1]
Continued
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - July 1996
B-1
Appendix B ASCII Character Set
Table B-1. ASCII Code Set (Continued)
Dec
Hex
Symbol Dec
Hex
Symbol Dec
Hex
Symbol
Dec
Hex
Symbol
Ç
á
•
•
128
80
160
A0
192
C0
224
E0
ü
í
•
ß
129
81
161
A1
193
C1
225
E1
é
ó
•
•
130
82
162
A2
194
C2
226
E2
â
ú
•
•
131
83
163
A3
195
C3
227
E3
ä
ñ
•
•
132
84
164
A4
196
C4
228
E4
à
Ñ
•
•
133
85
165
A5
197
C5
229
E5
å
ª
•
µ
134
86
166
A6
198
C6
230
E6
ç
º
•
•
135
87
167
A7
199
C7
231
E7
ê
¿
•
•
136
88
168
A8
200
C8
232
E8
ë
•
•
•
137
89
169
A9
201
C9
233
E9
è
¬
•
•
138
8A
170
AA
202
CA
234
EA
ï
½
•
•
139
8B
171
AB
203
CB
235
EB
î
¼
•
•
140
8C
172
AC
204
CC
236
EC
ì
¡
•
•
141
8D
173
AD
205
CD
237
ED
Ä
«
•
•
142
8E
174
AE
206
CE
238
EE
Å
»
•
•
143
8F
175
AF
207
CF
239
EF
É
•
•
•
144
90
176
B0
208
D0
240
F0
æ
•
•
±
145
91
177
B1
209
D1
241
F1
Æ
•
•
•
146
92
178
B2
210
D2
242
F2
ô
•
•
•
147
93
179
B3
211
D3
243
F3
ö
•
•
•
148
94
180
B4
212
D4
244
F4
ò
•
•
•
149
95
181
B5
213
D5
245
F5
û
•
•
÷
150
96
182
B6
214
D6
246
F6
ù
•
•
•
151
97
183
B7
215
D7
247
F7
ÿ
•
•
°
152
98
184
B8
216
D8
248
F8
Ö
•
•
·
153
99
185
B9
217
D9
249
F9
Ü
•
•
·
154
9A
186
BA
218
DA
250
FA
¢
•
•
•
155
9B
187
BB
219
DB
251
FB
£
•
•
•
156
9C
188
BC
220
DC
252
FC
¥
•
•
²
157
9D
189
BD
221
DD
253
FD
•
•
•
•
158
9E
190
BE
222
DE
254
FE
ƒ
•
•
159
9F
191
BF
223
DF
255
FF
Blank
NOTES:
[1] Symbol not displayed.
Keystroke Guide:
Dec #
Keystroke(s)
0
Ctrl 2
1-26
Ctrl A thru Z respectively
27
Ctrl [
28
Ctrl
29
Ctrl ]
30
Ctrl 6
31
Ctrl 32
Space Bar
33-43
Shift and key w/corresponding symbol
44-47
Key w/corresponding symbol
48-57
Key w/corresponding symbol, numerical keypad w/Num Lock active
58
Shift and key w/corresponding symbol
59
Key w/corresponding symbol
60
Shift and key w/corresponding symbol
61
Key w/corresponding symbol
62-64
Shift and key w/corresponding symbol
65-90
Shift and key w/corresponding symbol or key w/corresponding symbol and
Caps Lock active
91-93
Key w/corresponding symbol
94, 95
Shift and key w/corresponding symbol
96
Key w/corresponding symbol
97-126 Key w/corresponding symbol or Shift and key w/corresponding symbol
and Caps Lock active
127
Ctrl 128-255 Alt and decimal digit(s) of desired character
B-2 Compaq Personal Computers
Original - July 1996
Technical Reference Guide
Appendix C
KEYBOARD
C. Appendix C KEYBOARD
C.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix describes the Compaq keyboard that is included as standard with the system unit.
The keyboard complies with the industry-standard classification of an “enhanced keyboard” and
includes a separate cursor control key cluster, twelve “function” keys, and enhanced
programmability for additional functions.
This appendix covers the following keyboard types:
♦
Standard/space-saver enhanced keyboard.
♦
Windows-version keyboard featuring three additional keys for specific support of the
Windows operating system.
♦
Erase-Ease keyboard featuring a split spacebar that can be user-programmed to provide easy
access to the backspace function or set to operate as the normal spacebar.
Only one type of keyboard is supplied with each system. Other types are available as an option.
NOTE: This appendix discusses only the keyboard unit. The keyboard interface is a
function of the system unit and is discussed in Chapter 5, Input/Output Interfaces.
Topics covered in this appendix include the following:
♦
Keystroke processing (C.2)
page C-2
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-1
Appendix C Keyboard
C.2
KEYSTROKE PROCESSING
A functional block diagram of the keystroke processing elements is shown in Figure C-1. Power
(+5 VDC) is obtained from the system through the PS/2-type interface. The keyboard uses a
Z86C14 (or equivalent) microprocessor. The Z86C14 scans the key matrix drivers every 10 ms
for pressed keys while at the same time monitoring communications with the keyboard interface
of the system unit. When a key is pressed, a Make code is generated. A Break code is generated
when the key is released. The Make and Break codes are collectively referred to as scan codes.
All keys generate Make and Break codes with the exception of the Pause key, which generates a
Make code only.
Num
Lock
Keyswitch
Matrix
Caps
Lock
Matrix
Drivers
Matrix
Receivers
Keyboard
Processor
Scroll
Lock
Data/
CLK
Keyboard
Interface
(System Unit)
Figure C–1. Keystroke Processing Elements, Block Diagram
When the system is turned on, the keyboard processor generates a Power-On Reset (POR) signal
after a period of 150 ms to 2 seconds. The keyboard undergoes a Basic Assurance Test (BAT)
that checks for shorted keys and basic operation of the keyboard processor. The BAT takes from
300 to 500 ms to complete.
If the keyboard fails the BAT, an error code is sent to the CPU and the keyboard is disabled until
an input command is received. After successful completion of the POR and BAT, a completion
code (AAh) is sent to the CPU and the scanning process begins.
The keyboard processor includes a 16-byte FIFO buffer for holding scan codes until the system is
ready to receive them. Response and typematic codes are not buffered. If the buffer is full (16
bytes held) a 17th byte of a successive scan code results in an overrun condition and the overrun
code replaces the scan code byte and any additional scan code data (and the respective key
strokes) are lost. Multi-byte sequences must fit entirely into the buffer before the respective
keystroke can be registered.
C-2
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
C.2.1
TRANSMISSIONS TO THE SYSTEM
The keyboard processor sends two main types of data to the system; commands (or responses to
system commands) and keystroke scan codes. Before the keyboard sends data to the system
(specifically, to the 8042-type logic within the system), the keyboard verifies the clock and data
lines to the system. If the clock signal is low (0), the keyboard recognizes the inhibited state and
loads the data into a buffer. Once the inhibited state is removed, the data is sent to the system.
Keyboard-to-system transfers consist of 11 bits as shown in Figure C-2.
Start
Bit
0
D0
(LSb)
0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
0
0
1
1
1
1
D7
(MSb)
1
Parity
0
Stop
Bit
0
Data
Clock
Ts
Tcy
Th
Tcl Tch
Parameter
Tcy (Cycle Time)
Tcl (Clock Low)
Tch (clock High)
Th (Data Hold)
Ts (Data Setup)
Minimum
60 us
30 us
30 us
45 us
8 us
Maximum
80 us
35 us
45 us
62 us
14 us
Figure C–2. Keyboard-To-System Transmission of Code 58h, Timing Diagram
The system can halt keyboard transmission by setting the clock signal low. The keyboard checks
the clock line every 60 us to verify the signal state. If a low is detected, the keyboard will finish
the current transmission if the rising edge of the clock pulse for the parity bit has not occurred.
The enhanced keyboard has three operating modes:
♦
♦
♦
Mode 1 - PC-XT compatible
Mode 2 - PC-AT compatible (default)
Mode 3 - Select mode (keys are programmable as to make-only, break-only, typematic)
Modes can be selected by the user or set by the system. Mode 2 is the default mode. Each mode
produces a different set of scan codes. When a key is pressed, the keyboard processor sends that
key’s make code to the 8042 logic of the system unit. The When the key is released, a release
code is transmitted as well (except for the Pause key, which produces only a make code). The
8042-type logic of the system unit responds to scan code reception by asserting IRQ1, which is
processed by the interrupt logic and serviced by the CPU with an interrupt service routine. The
service routine takes the appropriate action based on which key was pressed.
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-3
Appendix C Keyboard
C.2.2
KEYBOARD LAYOUTS
C.2.2.1
Standard Enhanced Keyboards
1
18
17
2
3
4
5
19
20
21
22
40
39
59
41
60
75
61
76
92
42
43
62
77
6
23
44
63
78
24
45
64
79
7
25
46
65
80
93
8
26
47
66
81
9
27
48
67
82
11
28
29
50
49
68
83
10
30
51
14
15
16
32
33
34
35
36
37
52
53
54
55
56
57
72
73
74
88
89
90
71
85
94
13
31
70
69
84
12
87
86
96
95
100
38
58
91
97
98
99
14
15
16
32
33
34
35
36
37
52
53
54
55
56
57
72
73
74
88
89
90
101
Figure C–3. U.S. English (101-Key) Keyboard Key Positions
1
17
39
59
75
92
18
2
3
4
5
19
20
21
22
40
41
60
42
61
104 76
77
43
62
78
6
23
44
63
79
7
24
45
64
80
93
8
25
46
65
81
94
9
26
47
66
27
48
67
82
83
10
11
28
29
50
49
68
84
69
12
13
31
51
70 103
85
95
71
87
86
96
Figure C–4. National (102-Key) Keyboard Key Positions
C-4
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
97
98
99
100
38
58
91
101
Technical Reference Guide
C.2.2.2
Windows Enhanced Keyboards
1
18
17
39
2
3
4
5
19
20
21
22
59
8
47
46
27
48
67
66
81
80
9
26
25
65
64
93
110
24
45
44
79
78
7
23
63
62
77
76
43
42
61
60
75
92
41
40
6
94
11
28
29
50
49
68
83
82
10
95
13
31
30
51
70
69
84
12
14
15
16
32
33
34
35
36
37
52
53
54
55
56
57
72
73
74
88
89
90
71
85
87
86
96
111 112
97
98
99
100
38
58
91
101
Figure C–5. U.S. English Windows (101W-Key) Keyboard Key Positions
1
17
39
18
2
3
4
5
19
20
21
22
40
41
42
43
6
7
23
44
24
45
8
25
46
9
26
47
27
48
10
11
28
29
50
49
12
13
31
51
14
15
16
32
33
34
35
36
37
52
53
54
55
56
57
72
73
74
88
89
90
71
59
75
92
60
104 76
110
61
77
93
62
78
63
79
64
65
80
94
81
66
67
82
83
68
84
95
69
70 103
85
111 112
87
86
96
97
98
99
100
38
58
91
101
Figure C–6. National Windows (102W-Key) Keyboard Key Positions
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-5
Appendix C Keyboard
C.2.2.3
Windows Enhanced Keyboards w/Erase-Ease
1
18
17
39
2
3
4
5
19
20
21
22
59
93
110
45
44
8
47
46
113
27
48
67
66
81
80
9
26
25
65
64
79
78
7
24
23
63
62
77
76
43
42
61
60
75
92
41
40
6
94
11
28
29
50
49
68
83
82
10
95
13
31
30
51
70
69
84
12
14
15
16
32
33
34
35
36
37
52
53
54
55
56
57
72
73
74
88
89
90
71
85
87
86
96
111 112
97
98
99
100
38
58
91
101
Figure C–7. U.S. English Windows (101WE-Key) Keyboard Key Positions
1
17
39
18
2
3
4
5
19
20
21
22
40
41
42
43
6
23
44
7
24
45
8
25
46
9
26
47
27
48
10
11
28
29
50
49
12
13
31
51
14
15
16
32
33
34
35
36
37
52
53
54
55
56
57
72
73
74
88
89
90
71
59
75
92
60
104 76
110
61
77
93
62
78
63
79
64
80
113
65
81
66
67
82
94
83
68
84
95
69
70 103
85
111 112
87
86
96
97
98
Figure C–8. National Windows (102WE-Key) Keyboard Key Positions
C-6
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
99
100
38
58
91
101
Technical Reference Guide
C.2.3
KEYS
All keys generate a make code (when pressed) and a break code (when released) with the
exception of the Pause key (pos. 16), which produces a make code only. All keys, again, with
the exception of the Pause key, are also typematic, although the typematic action of the Shift,
Ctrl, Alt, Num Lock, Scroll Lock, Caps Lock, and Ins keys is suppressed by the BIOS.
Typematic keys, when held down, send the make code repetitively at a predetermined rate until
the key is released. If two keys are held down, the last key pressed will be typematic.
C.2.3.1
Special Single-Keystroke Functions
The following keys provide the intended function in most applications and environments.
Caps Lock - The Caps Lock key (pos. 59), when pressed and released, invokes a BIOS
routine that turns on the caps lock LED and shifts into upper case key positions 40-49, 60-68,
and 76-82. When pressed and released again, these keys revert to the lower case state and the
LED is turned off. Use of the Shift key will reverse which state these keys are in based on the
Caps Lock key.
Num Lock - The Num Lock key (pos. 32), when pressed and released, invokes a BIOS routine
that turns on the num lock LED and shifts into upper case key positions 55-57, 72-74, 88-90,
100, and 101. When pressed and released again, these keys revert to the lower case state and the
LED is turned off.
The following keys provide special functions that require specific support by the application.
Print Scrn - The Print Scrn (pos. 14) key can, when pressed, generate an interrupt that
initiates a print routine. This function may be inhibited by the application.
Scroll Lock - The Scroll Lock key (pos. 15) when pressed and released, , invokes a BIOS
routine that turns on the scroll lock LED and inhibits movement of the cursor. When pressed and
released again, the LED is turned off and the function is removed. This keystroke is always
serviced by the BIOS (as indicated by the LED) but may be inhibited or ignored by the
application.
Pause - The Pause (pos. 16) key, when pressed, can be used to cause the keyboard interrupt to
loop, i.e., wait for another key to be pressed. This can be used to momentarily suspend an
operation. The key that is pressed to resume operation is discarded. This function may be ignored
by the application.
The Esc, Fn (function), Insert, Home, Page Up/Down, Delete, and End keys operate at the
discretion of the application software.
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-7
Appendix C Keyboard
C.2.3.2
Multi-Keystroke Functions
Shift - The Shift key (pos. 75/86), when held down, produces a shift state (upper case) for keys
in positions 17-29, 30, 39-51, 60-70, and 76-85 as long as the Caps Lock key (pos. 59) is
toggled off. If the Caps Lock key is toggled on, then a held Shift key produces the lower
(normal) case for the identified pressed keys. The Shift key also reverses the Num Lock state of
key positions 55-57, 72, 74, 88-90, 100, and 101.
Ctrl - The Ctrl keys (pos. 92/96) can be used in conjunction with keys in positions 1-13, 16, 1734, 39-54, 60-71, and 76-84. The application determines the actual function. Both Ctrl key
positions provide identical functionality. The pressed combination of Ctrl and Break (pos. 16)
results in the generation of BIOS function INT 1Bh. This software interrupt provides a method of
exiting an application and generally halts execution of the current program.
Alt - The Alt keys (pos. 93/95) can be used in conjunction with the same keys available for use
with the Ctrl keys with the exception that position 14 (SysRq) is available instead of position
16 (Break). The Alt key can also be used in conjunction with the numeric keypad keys (pos. 5557, 72-74, and 88-90) to enter the decimal value of an ASCII character code from 1-255. The
application determines the actual function of the keystrokes. Both Alt key positions provide
identical functionality.
The combination keystroke of Alt and SysRq results in software interrupt 15h, AX=8500h
being executed. It is up to the application to use or not use this BIOS function.
The Ctrl and Alt keys can be used together in conjunction with keys in positions 1-13, 17-34, 3954, 60-71, and 76-84. The Ctrl and Alt key positions used and the sequence in which they are
pressed make no difference as long as they are held down at the time the third key is pressed. The
Ctrl, Alt, and Delete keystroke combination (required twice if in the Windows environment)
initiates a system reset (warm boot) that is handled by the BIOS.
C-8
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
C.2.3.3
Windows Keystrokes
Windows-enhanced keyboards include three additional key positions. Key positions 110 and 111
(marked with the Windows logo
) have the same functionality and are used by themselves
or in combination with other keys to perform specific “hot-key” type functions for the Windows
operating system. The defined functions of the Windows logo keys are listed as follows:
Keystroke
Window Logo
Window Logo + F1
Window Logo + TAB
Window Logo + E
Window Logo + F
Window Logo + CTRL + F
Window Logo + M
Shift + Window Logo + M
Window Logo + R
Window Logo + PAUSE
Window Logo + 1-0
Function
Open Start menu
Display pop-up menu for the selected object
Activate next task bar button
Explore my computer
Find document
Find computer
Minimize all
Undo minimize all
Display Run dialog box
Perform system function
Reserved for OEM use (see following text)
The combination keystroke of the Window Logo + 1-0 keys are reserved for OEM use for
auxiliary functions (speaker volume, monitor brightness, password, etc.).
Key position 112 (marked with an application window icon
other keys for invoking Windows application functions.
C.2.3.4
) is used in combination with
Erase-Ease Keystrokes
The Erase-Ease keyboards feature a split space-bar key that operates as two separate keys
(positions 113 and 94). The two keys can be configured for one of three modes:
Mode A:
(Power-on default)
Mode B:
Mode C:
113
94
Backspace
Spacebar
113
94
Spacebar
Backspace
113
94
Spacebar
Spacebar
To switch between modes the user holds down the left ALT, left CTRL, and left Shift keys while
pressing the Erase-Ease (pos. 113) key once.
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-9
Appendix C Keyboard
C.2.4
KEYBOARD COMMANDS
Table C-1 lists the commands that the keyboard can send to the system (specifically, to the 8042type logic).
Table C–1. Keyboard-to-System Commands
Table C-1.
Keyboard-to-System Commands
Command
Key Detection Error/Over/run
BAT Completion
BAT Failure
Echo
Acknowledge (ACK)
Resend
Keyboard ID
Value
00h [1]
FFh [2]
AAh
FCh
EEh
FAh
FEh
83ABh
Description
Indicates to the system that a switch closure couldn’t be
identified.
Indicates to the system that the BAT has been successful.
Indicates failure of the BAT by the keyboard.
Indicates that the Echo command was received by the
keyboard.
Issued by the keyboard as a response to valid system
inputs (except the Echo and Resend commands).
Issued by the keyboard following an invalid input.
Upon receipt of the Read ID command from the system, the
keyboard issues the ACK command followed by the two IDS
bytes.
Note:
[1] Modes 2 and 3.
[2] Mode 1 only.
C.2.5
SCAN CODES
The scan codes generated by the keyboard processor are determined by the mode the keyboard is
operating in.
♦
Mode 1:
In Mode 1 operation, the keyboard generates scan codes compatible with 8088/8086-based systems. To enter Mode 1, the scan code translation function of the keyboard
controller must be disabled. Since translation is not performed, the scan codes generated in
Mode 1 are identical to the codes required by BIOS. Mode 1 is initiated by sending command
F0h with the 01h option byte. Applications can obtain system codes and status information
by using BIOS function INT 16h with AH=00h, 01h, and 02h.
♦
Mode 2:
Mode 2 is the default mode for keyboard operation. In this mode, the 8042 logic
translates the make codes from the keyboard processor into the codes required by the BIOS.
This mode was made necessary with the development of the Enhanced III keyboard, which
includes additional functions over earlier standard keyboards. Applications should use BIOS
function INT 16h, with AH=10h, 11h, and 12h for obtaining codes and status data. In Mode
2, the keyboard generates the Break code, a two-byte sequence that consists of a Make code
immediately preceded by F0h (i.e., Break code for 0Eh is “F0h 0Eh”).
♦
Mode 3:
Mode 3 generates a different scan code set from Modes 1 and 2. Code
translation must be disabled since translation for this mode cannot be done.
C-10 Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Table C–2. Keyboard Scan Codes
Table C-2.
Keyboard Scan Codes
Key
Pos.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Legend
Esc
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
Print Scrn
15
16
Scroll Lock
Pause
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
`
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
=
\
Backspace
Insert
33
Home
34
Page Up
35
36
Num Lock
/
37
38
39
40
*
Tab
Q
Mode 1
01/81
3B/BB
3C/BC
3D/BD
3E/BE
3F/BF
40/C0
41/C1
42/C2
43/C3
44/C4
57/D7
58/D8
E0 2A E0 37/E0 B7 E0 AA
E0 37/E0 B7 [1] [2]
54/84 [3]
46/C6
E1 1D 45 E1 9D C5/na
E0 46 E0 C6/na [3]
29/A9
02/82
03/83
04/84
05/85
06/86
07/87
08/88
09/89
0A/8A
0B/8B
0C/8C
0D/8D
2B/AB
0E/8E
E0 52/E0 D2
E0 AA E0 52/E0 D2 E0 2A [4]
E0 2A E0 52/E0 D2 E0 AA [6]
E0 47/E0 D2
E0 AA E0 52/E0 D2 E0 2A [4]
E0 2A E0 47/E0 C7 E0 AA [6]
E0 49/E0 C7
E0 AA E0 49/E0 C9 E0 2A [4]
E0 2A E0 49/E0 C9 E0 AA [6]
45/C5
E0 35/E0 B5
E0 AA E0 35/E0 B5 E0 2A [1]
37/B7
4A/CA
0F/8F
10/90
Make / Break Codes (Hex)
Mode 2
76/F0 76
05/F0 05
06/F0 06
04/F0 04
0C/F0 0C
03/F0 03
0B/F0 0B
83/F0 83
0A/F0 0A
01/FO 01
09/F0 09
78/F0 78
07/F0 07
E0 2A E0 7C/E0 F0 7C E0 F0 12
E0 7C/E0 F0 7C [1] [2]
84/F0 84 [3]
7E/F0 7E
E1 14 77 E1 F0 14 F0 77/na
E0 7E E0 F0 7E/na [3]
0E/F0 E0
16/F0 16
1E/F0 1E
26/F0 26
25/F0 25
2E/F0 2E
36/F0 36
3D/F0 3D
3E/F0 3E
46/F0 46
45/F0 45
4E/F0 4E
55/F0 55
5D/F0 5D
66/F0 66
E0 70/E0 F0 70
E0 F0 12 E0 70/E0 F0 70 E0 12 [5]
E0 12 E0 70/E0 F0 70 E0 F0 12 [6]
E0 6C/E0 F0 6C
E0 F0 12 E0 6C/E0 F0 6C E0 12 [5]
E0 12 E0 6C/E0 F0 6C E0 F0 12 [6]
E0 7D/E0 F0 7D
E0 F0 12 E0 7D/E0 F0 7D E0 12 [5]
E0 12 E0 7D/E0 F0 7D E0 F0 12 [6]
77/F0 77
E0 4A/E0 F0 4A
E0 F0 12 E0 4A/E0 F0 4A E0 12 [1]
7C/F0 7C
7B/F0 7B
0D/F0 0D
15/F0 15
Mode 3
08/na
07/na
0F/na
17/na
1F/na
27/na
2F/na
37/na
3F/na
47/na
4F/na
56/na
5E/na
57/na
5F/na
62/na
0E/F0 0E
46/F0 46
1E/F0 1E
26/F0 26
25/F0 25
2E/F0 2E
36/F0 36
3D/F0 3D
3E/F0 3E
46/F0 46
45/F0 45
4E/F0 4E
55/F0 55
5C/F0 5C
66/F0 66
67/na
6E/na
6F/na
76/na
77/na
7E/na
84/na
0D/na
15/na
Continued
([x] Notes listed at end of table.)
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-11
Appendix C Keyboard
Table C-2. Keyboard Scan Codes (Continued)
Key
Pos
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Legend
W
E
R
T
Y
U
I
O
P
[
]
Delete
53
End
54
Page Down
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
7
8
9
+
Caps Lock
A
S
D
F
G
H
J
K
L
;
‘
Enter
4
5
6
Shift (left)
Z
X
C
V
B
Make / Break Codes (Hex)
Mode 1
Mode 2
11/91
1D/F0 1D
12/92
24/F0 24
13/93
2D/F0 2D
14/94
2C/F0 2C
15/95
35/F0 35
16/96
3C/F0 3C
17/97
43/F0 43
18/98
44/F0 44
19/99
4D/F0 4D
1A/9A
54/F0 54
1B/9B
5B/F0 5B
E0 53/E0 D3
E0 71/E0 F0 71
E0 AA E0 53/E0 D3 E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 71/E0 F0 71 E0 12 [5]
E0 2A E0 53/E0 D3 E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 71/E0 F0 71 E0 F0 12 [6]
E0 4F/E0 CF
E0 69/E0 F0 69
E0 AA E0 4F/E0 CF E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 69/E0 F0 69 E0 12 [5]
E0 2A E0 4F/E0 CF E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 69/E0 F0 69 E0 F0 12 [6]
E0 51/E0 D1
E0 7A/E0 F0 7A
E0 AA E0 51/E0 D1 E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 7A/E0 F0 7A E0 12 [5]
E0 @a E0 51/E0 D1 E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 7A/E0 F0 7A E0 F0 12 [6]
47/C7 [6]
6C/F0 6C [6]
48/C8 [6]
75/F0 75 [6]
49/C9 [6]
7D/F0 7D [6]
4E/CE [6]
79/F0 79 [6]
3A/BA
58/F0 58
1E/9E
1C/F0 1C
1F/9F
1B/F0 1B
20/A0
23/F0 23
21/A1
2B/F0 2B
22/A2
34/F0 34
23/A3
33/F0 33
24/A4
3B/F0 3B
25/A5
42/F0 42
26/A6
4B/F0 4B
27/A7
4C/F0 4C
28/A8
52/F0 52
1C/9C
5A/F0 5A
4B/CB [6]
6B/F0 6B [6]
4C/CC [6]
73/F0 73 [6]
4D/CD [6]
74/F0 74 [6]
2A/AA
12/F0 12
2C/AC
1A/F0 1A
2D/AD
22/F0 22
2E/AE
21/F0 21
2F/AF
2A/F0 2A
30/B0
32/F0 32
Mode 3
1D/F0 1D
24/F0 24
2D/F0 2D
2C/F0 2C
35/F0 35
3C/F0 3C
43/F0 43
44/F0 44
4D/F0 4D
54/F0 54
5B/F0 5B
64/F0 64
65/F0 65
6D/F0 6D
6C/na [6]
75/na [6]
7D/na [6]
7C/F0 7C
14/F0 14
1C/F0 1C
1B/F0 1B
23/F0 23
2B/F0 2B
34/F0 34
33/F0 33
3B/F0 3B
42/F0 42
4B/F0 4B
4C/F0 4C
52/F0 52
5A/F0 5A
6B/na [6]
73/na [6]
74/na [6]
12/F0 12
1A/F0 1A
22/F0 22
21/F0 21
2A/F0 2A
32/F0 32
Continued
([x] Notes listed at end of table.)
C-12 Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Table C-2. Keyboard Scan Codes (Continued)
Key
Pos.
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
Legend
N
M
,
.
/
Shift (right)
1
2
3
Enter
Ctrl (left)
Alt (left)
(Space)
Alt (right)
Ctrl (right)
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
110
0
.
na
na
na
(Win95) [7]
111
(Win95) [7]
112
(Win Apps)
[7]
113
(EraseEase) [8]
Make / Break Codes (Hex)
Mode 1
Mode 2
31/B1
31/F0 31
32/B2
3A/F0 3A
33/B3
41/F0 41
34/B4
49/F0 49
35/B5
4A/F0 4A
36/B6
59/F0 59
E0 48/E0 C8
E0 75/E0 F0 75
E0 AA E0 48/E0 C8 E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 75/E0 F0 75 E0 12 [5]
E0 2A E0 48/E0 C8 E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 75/E0 F0 75 E0 F0 12 [6]
4F/CF [6]
69/F0 69 [6]
50/D0 [6]
72/F0 72 [6]
51/D1 [6]
7A/F0 7A [6]
E0 1C/E0 9C
E0 5A/F0 E0 5A
1D/9D
14/F0 14
38/B8
11/F0 11
39/B9
29/F0 29
E0 38/E0 B8
E0 11/F0 E0 11
E0 1D/E0 9D
E0 14/F0 E0 14
E0 4B/E0 CB
E0 6B/Eo F0 6B
E0 AA E0 4B/E0 CB E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 6B/E0 F0 6B E0 12[5]
E0 2A E0 4B/E0 CB E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 6B/E0 F0 6B E0 F0 12[6]
E0 50/E0 D0
E0 72/E0 F0 72
E0 AA E0 50/E0 D0 E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 72/E0 F0 72 E0 12[5]
E0 2A E0 50/E0 D0 E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 72/E0 F0 72 E0 F0 12[6]
E0 4D/E0 CD
E0 74/E0 F0 74
E0 AA E0 4D/E0 CD E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 74/E0 F0 74 E0 12[5]
E0 2A E0 4D/E0 CD E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 74/E0 F0 74 E0 F0 12[6]
52/D2 [6]
70/F0 70 [6]
53/D3 [6]
71/F0 71 [6]
7E/FE
6D/F0 6D
2B/AB
5D/F0 5D
36/D6
61/F0 61
E0 5B/E0 DB
E0 1F/E0 F0 1F
E0 AA E0 5B/E0 DB E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 1F/E0 F0 1F E0 12 [5]
E0 2A E0 5B/E0 DB E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 1F/E0 F0 1F E0 F0 12 [6]
E0 5C/E0 DC
E0 2F/E0 F0 27
E0 AA E0 5C/E0 DC E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 27/E0 F0 27 E0 12 [5]
E0 2A E0 5C/E0 DC E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 27/E0 F0 27 E0 F0 12 [6]
E0 5D/E0 DD
E0 2F/E0 F0 2F
E0 AA E0 5D/E0 DD E0 2A [4]
E0 F0 12 E0 2F/E0 F0 2F E0 12 [5]
E0 2A E0 5D E0 DD E0 AA [6]
E0 12 E0 2F/E0 F0 2F E0 F0 12 [6
0E/8E
66/F0 66
Mode 3
31/F0 31
3A/F0 3A
41/F0 41
49/F0 49
4A/F0 4A
59/F0 59
63/F0 63
69/na [6]
72/na [6]
7A/na [6]
79/F0 79[6]
11/F0 11
19/F0 19
29/F0 29
39/na
58/na
61/F0 61
60/F0 60
6A/F0 6A
70/na [6]
71/na [6]
7B/F0 7B
53/F0 53
13/F0 13
8B/F0 8B
8C/F0 8C
8D/F0 8D
66/na
NOTES:
All codes assume Shift, Ctrl, and Alt keys inactive unless otherwise noted.
NA = Not applicable
[1] Shift (left) key active.
[2] Ctrl key active.
[3] Alt key active.
[4] Left Shift key active. For active right Shift key, substitute AA/2A make/break codes for B6/36 codes.
[5] Left Shift key active. For active right Shift key, substitute F0 12/12 make/break codes
for F0 59/59 codes.
[6] Num Lock key active.
[7] Windows keyboards only
[8] Erase-Ease keyboards only
Compaq Personal Computers
Changed –- March 1998
C-13
Appendix C Keyboard
This page is intentionally blank.
C-14 Compaq Personal Computers
Changed - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
Appendix D
AUDIO CARD
D. Appendix D Audio Card
D.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix describes the audio card (PCA# 009666-001), which is installed on models
equipped with a CD-ROM drive and available as an option. The audio card installs into an ISA
slot and is compatible with software written for industry-standard sound cards. The audio card
can capture and playback .WAV files (as used in most Windows applications). Support for FM
synthesis for playback of MIDI (.MID) files is also included. The audio card is Plug ‘n Play
compatible for easy configuration with the system.
This appendix covers the following subjects:
♦
♦
♦
Functional description (D.2)
Programming (D.3)
Specifications (D.4)
page D-2
page D-8
page D-11
Volume Control
Speaker Connector
CD Audio
Connector
ES1869
Headphone Jack
Line Out Jack
Line In Jack
Mic In Jack
Speaker Connector
Figure D–1. Audio Card Layout
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
D-1
Appendix D Audio Card
D.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
A block diagram of the audio card is shown in Figure D-2. The architecture is based on the
ES1869 audio controller, which provides the ADC, DAC, FM synthesis, 3D spatializer and
mixing functions. Output volume is affected by software. The software volume control uses 6-bit
resolution providing 64 levels. Card configuration is automatically provided by an on-board
Plug ‘n Play (PnP) EEPROM. Internal connections are provided for CD-ROM and system
speaker connections.
Four analog interfaces are provided to connect to external audio devices and are discussed in the
following paragraphs.
Line In - This input uses a three-conductor (stereo) mini-jack for connecting left and right
channel line-level signals (20-K ohm impedance). A typical connection would be to a tuner’s
Line Out or Record Out jacks, or to a tape deck’s Line Out or Playback Output jacks. A less
optimum but acceptable connection would be to the headphone output of the tape deck or CD
player.
Line Out - This output uses a three-conductor (stereo) mini-jack for connecting left and right
channel line-level signals (20-K ohm impedance). A typical connection would be to a tape
recorder’s Line In or Record In jacks or to an amplifier’s Line In jacks.
Mic In - This input uses a three-conductor (stereo) mini-jack that is specifically designed for
connecting a condenser microphone with an impedance of 1-K ohms. This is the default
recording input after a system reset.
Headphone Out - This output uses a three-conductor (stereo) mini-jack for connecting a pair of
stereo headphones with a minimum impedance of 16 ohms. This jack can also be used to connect
a pair of powered speakers (i.e., the type designed to be used with portable radio/cassette/CD
players). Using this connector defeats (mutes) the internal speaker and Line Out signals.
D-2
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
Technical Reference Guide
(L+R)
(L)
(R)
Headphones
Out
Mic In
P5
(L/R)
Speaker
Header
Connector
(L)
(R)
Line In
P4
CD Audio
ES1869
Audio
Controller
(L/R)
Splitter
(L)
(R)
Speaker
Card Edge
Connector
Mute
(L/R)
(L)
(R)
Line
Out
PnP
EEPROM
ISA Bus
Figure D–2. Audio Card Block Diagram
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
D-3
Appendix D Audio Card
D.2.1
PCM AUDIO PROCESSING
The audio card uses pulse code modulation (PCM) for processing audio that is applied from
external sources to the Mic In and Line In input jacks, as well as audio from an installed CDROM drive. The PCM method is also used in playback of .WAV file data commonly used in
Windows applications.
D.2.1.1 ADC Operation
The Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) receives an analog signal and, using pulse code
modulation (PCM) converts it into digital data that can be handled by normal logic circuitry. The
conversion process consists of measuring (sampling) the analog signal at intervals to determine
the amplitude and frequency (see Figure D-3). The frequency of sampling intervals is a
programmable parameter known as the sampling rate. The higher the sampling rate, the more
accurate the digital representation will be.
Quantized Values
8-Bit
FFh
16-Bit
FFFF
80h
8000h
00h
0000h
S0 S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10
Time
Figure D–3. Analog Signal Sampling/Quantizing
Each sample is quantized into a digital code that specifies the voltage level of the analog signal at
that particular time. The quantizing format options are as follows:
Mono or stereo
8- or 16-bit
Signed or unsigned
D-4
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
Technical Reference Guide
D.2.1.2 DAC Operation
The digital-to-analog conversion (DAC) simply reverses the procedure of the ADC. The digital
audio data stream is received by the DAC and the quantized values are decoded at the sampling
rate (Figure D-4A) into DC levels, resulting in a descrete level wave form (Figure D-4B). A filter
provides the final shaping of the wave (Figure D-4C) before it is applied to the analog output
circuitry.
Quantized
Values
S0 S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10
A. Quantized Value Decoding
B. Descrete Level Waveform
C. Final Analog Output
Figure D–4. DAC Operation
Compressed sound formats provide efficient use of space by concentrating sampling/quantizing
in the middle of the sound spectrum and is suited for voice capture/playback. The DAC of the
ES1868 controller supports two type of compressed sound; ADPCM and ESPCM. The ADPCM
compressed format is compatible with common industry sound cards while ESPCM is a
proprietary format that offers greater performance.
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
D-5
Appendix D Audio Card
D.2.1.3 PCM Configuration Modes
PCM operation can be configured for compatible ( common sound board functionality) mode or
set up for extended mode, which has some performance advantages. Table D-1lists the
differences between the modes of operation.
Table D–1. Audio Mode Differences
Table D-1.
Audio Mode Differences
Compatibility
Mode
64 bytes (SW Control)
44 KHz Max Sampling)
22 KHz Max Sampling
22 KHz Max Sampling
n/a
11 KHz Max Sampling
No
Mono Only (22 KHz)
No
No
Yes
1 MHz or 1.5 MHz
+/- 2 usec
Function
FIFO Size Available
Mono 8-bit ADC, DAC
Mono 16-bit ADC, DAC
Stereo 8-bit ADC, DAC
Stereo 16-bit ADC
Stereo 16-bit DAC
Signed/Unsigned Control
AGC During Capture
Programmed I/O Block Transfer
FIFO Status Flags
Auto Reload DMA
Time Base for Programmable Time
ADC/DAC Jitter
Extended
Mode
256 bytes (HW Control)
44 KHz Max Sampling
44 KHz Max Sampling
44 KHz Max Sampling
44 KHz Max Sampling
44 KHz Max Sampling
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
800 KHz or 400 KHz
None
D.2.1.4 PCM Bus Cycles
The I/O and DMA cycles used by PCM operations to process .WAV data follow standard ISA bus
conventions. All bus transfers occur at the bytes level. Programmed I/O cycles are always used
for programming the control registers and may also be used for transferring audio data to and
from the audio card as well. Quantized audio data is built using the “little endian” format (LSB
occupies the lowest memory address). Data transfers over the ISA occur as shown below.
31
24
16
8
0
8-bit Mono
Sample 6
Sample 5
Sample 4
Sample 3
Sample 2
Sample 1
8-bit Stereo
Sample 3
Right
Sample 3
Left
Sample 2
Right
Sample 2
Left
Sample 1
Right
Sample 1
Left
16-bit Mono
Sample 3
Mono Hi
Mono Lo
Sample 2
Mono Hi
Mono Lo
Sample 1
Mono Hi
Mono Lo
16-bit Stereo
Sample 3
Left Hi
Left Lo
Sample 2
Right Hi
Right Lo
Sample 1
Left Hi
Left Lo
Time
Figure D–5. Audio Card-to-ISA Bus PCM Audio Data Formats / Byte Ordering
D-6
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Technical Reference Guide
D.2.2
FM SYNTHESIS AUDIO PROCESSING
The audio card supports playback of MIDI (.MID) files. A .MID file does not contain audio
information in the same way that .WAV files do. In .MID files, audio data consists of note on/off,
tone type, and amplification information. Audio stored in the .MID file format has the benefit of
taking up far less space than audio stored as .WAV files.
The ES1868 controller includes a 20-voice, four-operator frequency modulated (FM) synthesizer.
In FM synthesis, one signal (the carrier) is forced to vary from it’s center frequency by another
signal (the modulator) resulting in a sideband or “harmonic” frequency. The frequency of the
harmonic is determined by the original carrier frequency and the modulating frequency. The
number of harmonics generated is determined by the strength (amplitude) of the modulating
signal. The microsystem that produces the FM signal is called a patch (Figure D-6).
Frequency Cntrl
Amplitude Cntrl
Modulator
Oscillator
Modulating Signal
Frequency Cntrl
Carrier
Oscillator
FM Signal
Figure D–6. FM Synthesis Patch
Note that while an analog representation is shown in Figure D-6, synthesis occurs as a digital
operation with the results being sent to the DAC.
The FM synthesis process is a playback-only operation involving the writing of .MID data to the
audio card over the ISA bus. The only reads involve checking the controller for status. Figure D7 shows the ISA bus transaction for FM synthesis. Note that if a succeeding data byte is meant
for the same location as the previous byte, the address does not need to be re-written.
A0
IORor
IOCData 7..0
Address
Address
or
Data
Data
Figure D–7. Audio Car-to-ISA Bus FM Audio Data Format
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
D-7
Appendix D Audio Card
D.3
AUDIO CARD PROGRAMMING
All programming aspects of the audio card relate directly to the programmability of the ES1868
controller, upon which the audio card is based. This section describes only the basic mapping of
the audio functions. For a detailed description of the ES1868s registers and capabilities refer to
the ES1868 AudioDrive Data Sheet, ESS Technology, Inc. document number SAM0011.
D.3.1
CONFIGURATION
The audio card is automatically configured as to base address, DMA, and interrupts following
installation and power up through an on-board EEPROM that provides Plug ‘n Play support.
Software can identify the ES1868 controller by reading indexed address 2n5.40h successively,
which should yield the values 17h, 98h, followed by the base address of the ES1868.
The typical reset/power-up configuration for the audio card is as follows:
Base Address:
Interrupt:
DMA Channel:
Power Management:
220h
IRQ5
1
Automatic
The audio card can be configured or either single DMA channel mode or dual DMA channel
mode. Single DMA channel mode means that capture and playback operations share the same
(playback) DMA channel and only one operation, capture or playback, is possible at a time. Dual
DMA channel operation allows simultaneous capture/playback (full duplex) operation to occur if
desired, but requires the use of two DMA channels. Typically, dual DMA operation would use
DMA channel 1 for capture (recording) and DMA channel 0, 1, or 3 for playback.
D-8
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Technical Reference Guide
D.3.2
CONTROL
The audio card is controlled through I/O mapped registers listed in Table D-2.
Table D–2. Audio Card I/O Map
Table D-2.
Audio Card I/O Map
I/O
I/O
Address
Function
Address
Function
201h
Joystick
2nAh
Read Buffer Input Data
2n0-2n3
FM Synthesizer Address/Data [1]
2nCh (Read)
Status
2n4h
Mixer Address
2nCh (Write)
Command/Data
2n5h
Mixer Data
2nEh
Data Available Status
2n6h (Read)
Activity/Power Status
2nFh
FIFO I/O Address (Extended Mode)
2n6h (Write)
Reset Control
3n0, 3n1h
MPU-401 Port
2n7h
Power Management
388-38Bh
FM Synthesizer (alias of 2n0-2n3h)
2n8, 2n9h
FM Synthesizer Address/Data [2]
--NOTES:
n = 2 for primary address (default), = 4 for secondary address.
[1] 20-voice operation
[2] 11-voice operation
Not supported
D.3.2.1 PCM Control
The audio card can operate in either Sound Blaster-compatible mode (the default) or in extended
capability mode.
Table D-3 lists the audio mixer control registers used by software written for Sound Blaster and
other common audio peripherals. These registers are accessed by writing the index value to I/O
port 2n4h and reading the value from or writing the value to I/O port 2n5h.
Table D–3. Compatibility Mode Audio Mixer Control Register Mapping
Table D-3.
Compatibility Mode Audio Mixer Control Register Mapping
Index
00h
04h
0Ah
0Ch
0Eh
NOTE:
Function
Index
Function
Mixer Reset
22h
Master Volume
Voice Volume
26h
FM Volume
Mic Volume
28h
CD Volume
ADC Recording Source [1]
2Eh
Line Volume
Stereo/Mono Switch [1]
--Refer to OEM’s ES1868 data sheet for detailed register descriptions.
[1] The filter functions used in Sound Blaster cards are not used in the audio card.
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - February 1998
D-9
Appendix D Audio Card
The Extended Mode registers are listed in Table D-4. Like the compatibility registers listed
previously, these registers are accessed by writing the index value to I/O port 2n4h and reading
the value from or writing the value to I/O port 2n5h. Extended mode offers better performance by
providing more precise (higher bit resolution) control of audio levels and more control of audio
processing.
Table D–4. Extended Mode Audio Mixer Control Register Mapping
Table D-4.
Extended Mode Audio Mixer Control Register Mapping
Index
Function
Index
Function
14h
Voice Volume
60, 62h
Master Volume (Left, Right)
1Ah
Mic Volume
64h
Master Volume Control
1Ch
ADC (recording) Source
66h
Volume Int. Req. Clear
nd
1Eh
Stereo/Mono Switch
74h
DMA Transfer( 2 ) Count Reload (Low)
nd
32h
Master Volume
76h
DMA Transfer (2 ) Count Reload (Hi)
nd
36h
FM Volume
78h
2 DMA Control 1
nd
38h
CD Volume
7Ah
2 DMA Control 2
3Eh
Line Volume
7Eh
Test Register
NOTE: Refer to OEM’s ES1868 data sheet for detailed registers descriptions.
D.3.2.2 FM Synthesis Control
The FM synthesis logic is typically mapped at 388h-38Bh. A total of 243 registers in two banks
are available. Accessing the registers is accomplished by first writing the index to register 388h
(for bank 0) or 38Ah (for bank 1) followed by writing the data to either 389h or 38Bh (for bank 0
or bank 1 respectively). If a succeeding data byte is destined for the same location then the
address need not be re-written. Location 388h can be read for FM synthesizer status. Table D-5
lists the FM synthsizer control registers.
Table D–5. FM Synthesizer Control Register Mapping
Table D-5.
FM Synthesizer Control Register Mapping
Index
Bank 0 Function
Bank 1 Function
01h
Test - all 0s
Test - all 0s
02h
Timer 1
Not Used
03h
Timer 2
Not Used
04h
Timer Mask/Timer Start
4-Operator Configure
05h
Not Used
4-Operator Enable
08h
Key Scale (KSR) # Determiner
Not Used
20-35h
AM, Vib, EG Type, KSR, Mult.
Same as bank 0
40-55h
Key Scale Level, Tone Level
Same as bank 0
60-75h
Attack Rate, Decay Rate
Same as bank 0
80-95h
Sustain Level, Release Rate
Same as bank 0
A0-A8h
Frequency Number
Same as bank 0
B0-B8h
Key On, Block Octave, Frequency No.
Same as bank 0
BDh
Depth of Block Octave, Frequency No.
Not Used
C0-C8h
Stereo Left/Right, Feedback, Connection
Same as bank 0
E0-F5h
Wave Select
Same as bank 0
NOTE: Refer to OEM’s ES1868 data sheet for detailed registers descriptions.
Abbreviations:
AM Amplitude Modulation (tremolo)
Vib Vibrato
D-10 Compaq Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
D.4
SPECIFICATIONS
Table D–6. Audio Card Specifications
Table D-6.
Audio Card Specifications
Paramemter
Sampling Rate
Maximum Input Voltage:
Mic In
Line In
Impedance
Mic In
Line In
Line Out
Headphone Out
Mic Preamp Gain
Volume Range
Input
Output
Frequency Response (speaker)
Measurement
5.51 KHz to 44 KHz (prgmbl)
.125 Vp-p
1.4 Vrms
1 K ohms (nom)
30 K ohms (nom)
30 K ohms (nom)
16 ohms (min)
26 db
0 - 22.5 db
-46.5 - +10 db
450 - 4000 Hz
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D-11
Appendix D Audio Card
This page is intentionally blank.
D-12 Compaq Personal Computers
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Technical Reference Guide
Appendix E
ATI RAGE IIC GRAPHICS CARD
E
E.1
Appendix E ATI RAGE IIC Graphics Card
INTRODUCTION
This appendix describes the ATI RAGE IIC Graphics Card. The ATI RAGE IIC graphics card
installs in the AGP slot on the system board of some models. This appendix covers the following
subjects:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Functional description (E.2)
Display configurations (E.3)
Programming (E.4)
Power management (E.5)
Connectors (E.6)
page E-2
page E-4
page E-5
page E-6
page E-7
Multimedia
Connector (P1)
Monitor
Connector
ROM
ATI
Rage IIC
NOTES:
-001: Card with NLX mounting bracket
-002: Card with ATX mounting bracket (shown)
Figure E–1. ATI RAGE IIC AGP Graphics Card Layout (Compaq p/n 332836-001)
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
E-1
Appendix E ATI RAGE IIC Graphics Card
E.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The ATI RAGE IIC AGP Graphics Card is based on the ATI RAGE IIC controller. This card
supports 3D effects such as texturing, z-buffering and alpha blending. This card includes two
megabytes of 83-MHz EDO. The graphics BIOS code is contained on-board in BIOS ROM.
North
Bridge
32-Bit
AGP Bus
RGB
& Sync Data
Monitor
ATI RAGE IIC
Graphics
Controller
64-Bit
Mem. Bus
2-MB
EDO
RAM
BIOS
ROM
Figure E–2. ATI RAGE IIC AGP Graphics Card Block diagram
The ATI RAGE IIC AGP Graphics Card includes the following software support:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Accelerated drive support for Windows 3.x, Win95, and WinNT
MS DirectDraw support for Win95, Win98, WinNT4.0/5.0
MS ActiveMovie support for Win95, Win98, WinNT5.0
MPEG-1 software playback for Win95 and Win98
MS Direct3D support for Win95, Win98, WinNT5.0
OpenGL support for WinNT4.0/5.0
Heidi support for WinNT
ATI 3D CIF support for DOS
The video BIOS is contained in ROM on the card.
E-2
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Original - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
E.2.1 ATI RAGE IIC GRAPHICS CONTROLLER
The ATI RAGE IIC graphics controller provides most of the functionality of the integrated
graphics subsystem and contains the features listed below:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
128-level command FIFO24-bit 200-MHz DAC
2D accelerator with:
• Hardware BitBLT, line draw, polygon fill, h/w cursor
• MS DirectDraw support (double buffering, virtual sprites, transparent BitBLT
• 8-/16-/24-/32-bpp acceleration
• 24-bpp true color w/1 MB memory
3D accelerator with:
• Integrated 4-KB texture cache for improved large triangle performance
• 3D primitive support for points, lines, triangle, lists, strips, and quadrilaterals
• Full screen/window double buffering
• Hidden surface removal with 16-bit Z-buffering
• Single pass bi- and tri-linear filtering support
• Full Direct3D texture lighting support
• Dithering support in 16-bpp for near-24-bpp quality in less memory
VESA DDC1 and DDC2B support
Video processor/accelerator supporting the following formats:
• YCrCb 4:2:2
• RGB 5-5-5
• RGB 5-6-5
• Cirrus AcciPak 91m)
Power management for full VESA DPMS and EPA Energy Star compliance
Figure E-3 shows the basic architecture of the ATI 3D RAGE IIC controller, which is compatible
with software written for VGA, EGA, and CGA modes. Drivers are supplied for control of
graphics (GUI) accelerator engines used in extended VGA modes. The 3D RAGE IIC includes
multimedia support such as video overlay and DAC mode switching as well as VESA standard
feature connector (VSFC) baseline support. The 3D RAGE IIC accelerates video playback by
providing format conversion, interpolated x and y zooming, and color-space conversion for the
video display area (window).
3D RAGE IIC
AD31..0
AGP Bus
VESA
Connector
VD7..0
Host
Bus
I/F
VGA
Controller
Memory
I/F
CRT
Controller
Video
Processor
Drawing
Coprocessor
Graphics
Data
Memory
HSync
VSync
Red
RAM
DAC
Display
Monitor
Green
Blue
Figure E–3. ATI 3D RAGE IIC Graphics Controller Internal Architecture
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
E-3
Appendix E ATI RAGE IIC Graphics Card
E.3
DISPLAY CONFIGURATIONS
The graphics modes supported by both the ATI RAGE IIC and its video BIOS are listed in Table
E-1.
Table E–1. 2D Graphics Display Modes (w/EDO RAM)
Table E-1.
2D Graphics Display Modes (w/EDO RAM)
Vertical
Frame Buffer
Resolution
Color Depth
Refresh Freq. [1]
Size
640 x 480 @ 8 bpp
256
200 Hz
2 MB
640 x 480 @ 16 bpp
65K
200 Hz
2 MB
640 x 480 @ 32 bpp
16.7M
200 Hz
2 MB
800 x 600 @ 8 bpp
256
200 Hz
2 MB
800 x 600 @ 16 bpp
65K
200 Hz
2 MB
800 x 600 @ 32 bpp
16.7M
160 Hz
2 MB
1024 x 768 @ 8 bpp
256
150 Hz
2 MB
1024 x 768 @ 16 bpp
65K
150 Hz
2 MB
1152 x 864 @ 8 bpp
256
120 Hz
2 MB
1152 x 864 @ 16 bpp
65K
120 Hz
2 MB
1280 x 1024 @ 8 bpp
256
100 Hz
2 MB
1600 x 1200 @ 8 bpp
256
76 Hz
2 MB
NOTE:
[1] Refresh frequency limited to a maximum of 85 Hz in Windows 95/NT environments.
Table E-2 lists the 3D graphics display modes and how the frame buffer is used.
Table E–2. 3D Graphics Display Modes
Table E-2.
3D Graphics Display Modes
Resolution
512 x 384
640 x 480
E-4
Color Depth
65K
65K
Frame
Buffer
2 MB
2 MB
Front
Buffer
0.38 MB
0.59 MB
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Back
Buffer
0.38 MB
0.59 MB
Z
Buffer
0.38 MB
0.59 MB
Texture Memory
w/Z
w/o Z
0.88 MB
1.25 MB
0.24 MB
0.83 MB
Technical Reference Guide
E.4
PROGRAMMING
Programming consists of configuration (using PCI protocol over the AGP bus) and
software/firmware control of the operation registers.
E.4.1 CONFIGURATION
The ATI RAGE IIC graphics card works off the AGP bus and is configured through the
controller’s configuration space registers (listed in Table E-3) using PCI protocol. These registers
are configured by BIOS during POST to the default configuration.
Table E–3. ATI RAGE IIC PCI Configuration Space Registers
Table E-3.
ATI RAGE IIC PCI Configuration Space Registers
PCI Config.
Address
00h
04h
08h
10h
Function
Vender ID/Device ID
PCI Command
Status
Display Memory Base Address
PCI Config.
Address
14h
30h
3Ch
--
Function
Relocateable I/O Base Address
Expansion ROM Base Address
Interrupt Line / Interrupt Pin
--
For a discussion of accessing PCI configuration space registers refer to chapter 4. For a detailed
description of registers refer to applicable ATI Technologies Inc. documentation.
E.4.2 CONTROL
Table E-4 lists the standard VGA control registers of the ATI RAGE IIC controller. These
registers can be directly accessed by software written for standard VGA modes.
Table E–4. Standard VGA Mode I/O Mapping
Table E-4.
Standard VGA Mode I/O Mapping
I/O
I/O
Address
Function
Address
Function
3B5.00..26h [1]
CRT Controller (mono)
3C6h..3C9h
RAMDAC
3BAh
VSYNC Control, Display Sts. 3CAh
Read VSYNC Status
3C1.00..14h [1]
Attribute Controller
3CCh
Misc. Control, Read
3C2h
Misc. Control / Status
3CF.00..08h
Graphics Controller
3C5h.00..04h [1]
Sequencer
3D5.00..26h [1]
CRT Controller (color)
--3DAh
VSYNC Control, Display Status (color)
NOTE:
[1] Index at base minus 1 (i.e., if base is 3B5h, index is at 3B4h).
Extended mode registers (display and configuration, GUI, multimedia, and PLL registers) may be
I/O or memory-mapped and are controlled through the supplied graphics driver. The graphics
driver is adaptable to all current ATI RAGE controllers.
Compaq Personal Computers
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E-5
Appendix E ATI RAGE IIC Graphics Card
E.5
POWER MANAGEMENT
E.5.1 MONITOR CONTROL
This controller provides monitor power control for monitors that conform to the VESA display
power management signaling (DPMS) protocol. This protocol defines different power
consumption conditions and uses the HSYNC and VSYNC signals to select a monitor’s power
condition. Table E-5 lists the monitor power conditions.
Table E–5. Monitor Power Management Conditions
Table E-5.
Monitor Power Management Conditions
HSYNC
Active
VSYNC
Active
Power Mode
On
Active
Inactive
Suspend
Inactive
Inactive
Off
Description
Monitor is completely powered up. If activated, the inactivity
counter counts down during system inactivity and if allowed to
tiemout, generates an SMI to initiate the Suspend mode.
Monitor’s high voltage section is turned off and CRT heater
(filament) voltage is reduced from 6.6 to 4.4 VDC. The Off mode
inactivity timer counts down from the preset value and if allowed to
timeout, another SMI is generated and serviced, resulting in the
monitor being placed into the Off mode. Wake up from Suspend
mode is typically a few seconds.
Monitor’s high voltage section and heater circuitry is turned off.
Wake up from Off mode is a little longer than from Suspend.
E.5.2 POWER CONSUMPTION
The ATI RAGE IIC graphics card is EPA-Energy Star compliant. The normal power
consumption is as follows:
Maximum current draw @ 3.3 VDC: 1 A
Maximum current draw @ 5.0 VDC: 250 mA
Total maximum power consumption: 4 watts
E-6
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
E.6
CONNECTORS
The ATI RAGE IIC graphics card contains two connectors: the monitor (display) connector for
attaching a CRT display and a multimedia connector for attaching multimedia peripherals such a
TV or other video cards.
E.6.2 MONITOR CONNECTOR
There are two connector types associated with the graphics subsystem; the display monitor
connector and the graphics memory expansion connectors.
9
Figure E–4. VGA Monitor Connector, (Female DB-15, as viewed from rear).
Table E–6. DB-15 Monitor Connector Pinout
Table E-6.
DB-15 Monitor Connector Pinout
Pin
Signal
Description
Pin
Signal
1
R
Red Analog [1]
9
+5 VDC
2
G
Blue Analog [1]
10
GND
3
B
Green Analog [1]
11
Mon. ID
4
Mon ID
Monitor Identification
12
SDA
5
GND
Ground
13
HSync
6
R GND
Red Analog Ground
14
VSync
7
G GND
Blue Analog Ground
15
SCL
8
B GND
Green Analog Ground
--NOTES:
[1] RS343A signal levels:
Full on condition = 0.700 VDC
Rise Fall Time @ max pixel rate = 4 ns
Output impedance = 75 ohms
[2] TTL signal levels:
Max Rise Time = 100 ns
Max Fall Time = 15 ns
[3] TTL signal levels:
Max Rise Time = 15 ns
Max Fall Time = 10 ns
[4] Fuse automatically resets when excessive load is removed.
Description
+5 volts (fused) [4]
Ground
Monitor Identification
DDC2-B Data [2]
Horizontal Sync [3]
Vertical Sync [3]
DDC2-B Clock [2]
--
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
E-7
Appendix E ATI RAGE IIC Graphics Card
E.6.3 MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR
A multimedia interface is provided through a 40-pin header that includes the VESA standard
feature (VSFC) connector (also known as the VGA pass-through connector) and additional signal
interface. The interface can operate in one of the following three modes:
VSFC Mode – The VESA Standard Feature Connector (VFSC) mode supports an overlay
peripheral such as an MPEG or TV card. This mode, available in all VGA modes and accelerated
modes, receives video data through the VSFC I/F and overlays the data onto the graphics display
(display clock < 80 Hz).
DVS Mode – The Digital Video Stream (DVS) mode supports connection to a video decoder.
MPP Mode – The Multimedia Peripheral Port (MPP) mode supports data streaming from Host
memory out of the multimedia interface.
Figure E-5 shows the multimedia connector.
Multimedia Interface
VESA Standard Feature I/F
Y1
Y20
Y13
Z1
Z20
Z12
Figure E–5. Multimedia Interface Connector (40-Pin Header P1)
Table E–7. Multimedia Interface Connector Pinout
Table E-7.
Multimedia Interface Connector Pinout
Pin
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6
Z7
Z8
Z9
Z10
Z11
Z12
Z13
Z14
Z15
Z16
Z17
Z18
Z19
Z20
E-8
Signal
GND
GND
GND
EVIDEOESYNCEDCLK
SDA
GND
GND
GND
GND
SCL
--+ 5 VDC
RESETSAD6
RESVD
A. GND
AUD R
Description
Ground
Ground
Ground
Overlay Enable
External Sync Enable
External Clock Enable
Serial Data
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Serial Clock
KEY
KEY
+5 volts DC
Reset
SA Data Bit 6
Reserved
Ground
Right Audio
Pin
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Y6
Y7
Y8
Y9
Y10
Y11
Y12
Y13
Y14
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y18
Y19
Y20
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Signal
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
DCLK
BLANK
HSYNC
VSYNC
GND
AZY
SAD3
SAD7
SAD5
REV
+12 VDC
AUD L
Description
Pixel Data 0
Pixel Data 1
Pixel Data 2
Pixel Data 3
Pixel Data 4
Pixel Data 5
Pixel Data 6
Pixel Data 7
Pixel Data Clock
DAC Output Blanking
Horizontal Sync
Vertical Sync
Ground
SA Data Bit 3
SA Data Bit 7
SA Data Bit 5
+12 volt DC
Left Audio
Technical Reference Guide
Appendix F
ATI RAGE PRO AGP GRAPHICS CARD
F. Appendix F ATI RAGE PRO AGP 1X Graphics Card
F.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix describes the ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card. The ATI RAGE PRO AGP
Graphics card is installed in the AGP slot on the system board some models. This appendix
covers the following subjects:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Functional description (F.2)
Display configurations (F.3)
Programming (F.4)
Monitor power management (F.5)
Connectors (F.6)
page F-2
page F-4
page F-5
page F-6
page F-6
VESA (Feature)
Connector (P1)
Monitor
Connector
Memory
Expansion
Connector
J2
ATI
Rage Pro
NOTES:
-001: Card with ATX mounting bracket (shown)
-002: Card with NLX mounting bracket
Figure F–1. ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card Layout (p/n 008061-xxx)
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
F-1
Appendix F ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card
F.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card is based on the ATI RAGE PRO controller. The AGP
design provides an economical approach to 3D processing by off-loading 3D effects such as
texturing, z-buffering and alpha blending while the on-board SGRAM stores the main display
image. This card comes with four megabytes of 100-MHz SGRAM memory, two megabytes
soldered on the board and a 2-MB SGRAM module installed in the SODIMM socket. The
graphics BIOS code is contained on-board in BIOS ROM.
2-MB
On-Board
SGRAM
VSFC
Connector
North
Bridge
2-MB
SGRAM
Module
VD7..0
32-Bit AGP Bus
ATI
RAGE PRO
Graphics
Controller
64-Bit Graphics
Memory Bus
BIOS
ROM
RGB Data
Monitor
Figure F–2. ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card Block diagram
The ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card includes the following software support:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Accelerated drive support for Windows 3.x, Win95, and WinNT
MS DirectDraw support for Win95
MS ActiveMovie support for Win95
MPEG-1 software playback for DOS, Windows 3.x, and Win95
MPEG-2 software playback Win95
MS Direct3D support for Win95
QuickDraw 3D RAVE support for Win95 and WinNT
OpenGL support for Win95 and WinNT
Heidi support for WinNT
ATI 3D CIF support for Win95
F-2 Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
F.2.1
ATI RAGE PRO TURBO AGP GRAPHICS CONTROLLER
The ATI RAGE PRO Turbo AGP graphics controller provides most of the functionality of the
integrated graphics subsystem and contains the features listed below:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
128-level command FIFO 24-bit 200-MHz DAC
2D accelerator with:
• Hardware BitBLT, line draw, polygon fill, h/w cursor
• MS DirectDraw support (double buffering, virtual sprites, transparent BitBLT)
• 8-/16-/24-/32-bpp acceleration
• 24-bpp true color w/1 MB memory
3D accelerator with:
• Integrated 4-KB texture cache for improved large triangle performance
• 3D primitive support for points, lines, triangle, lists, strips, and quadrilaterals
• Full screen/window double buffering
• Hidden surface removal with 16-bit Z-buffering
• Single pass bi- and tri-linear filtering support
• Full Direct3D texture lighting support
• Dithering support in 16-bpp for near-24-bpp quality in less memory
VESA DDC1 and DDC2B support
Video processor/accelerator supporting the following formats:
• YCrCb 4:2:2
• RGB 5-5-5
• RGB 5-6-5
• Cirrus AcciPak 91m)
Power management for full VESA DPMS and EPA Energy Star compliance
Figure F-3 shows the basic architecture of the ATI 3D RAGE PRO controller, which is
compatible with software written for VGA, EGA, and CGA modes. Drivers are supplied for
control of graphics (GUI) accelerator engines used in extended VGA modes. The 3D RAGE
PRO includes multimedia support such as video overlay and DAC mode switching as well as
VESA standard feature connector (VSFC) baseline support. The 3D RAGE PRO accelerates
video playback by providing format conversion, interpolated x and y zooming, and color-space
conversion for the video display area (window).
3D RAGE PRO
AD31..0
AGP Bus
VESA
Connector
VD7..0
Host
Bus
I/F
VGA
Controller
Memory
I/F
CRT
Controller
Video
Processor
Drawing
Coprocessor
Graphics
Data
Memory
HSync
VSync
Red
RAM
DAC
Green
Display
Monitor
Blue
Figure F–3. ATI 3DRage Pro Graphics Controller Internal Architecture
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
F-3
Appendix F ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card
F.3
DISPLAY MODES
The graphics modes supported by both the ATI RAGE PRO and its video BIOS are listed in
Table F-1.
Table F–1. 2D Graphics Display Modes (w/SGRAM)
Table F-1.
2D Graphics Display Modes (w/SGRAM)
Vertical
Resolution
Color Depth
Refresh Freq. [1]
640 x 480
256
200 Hz
640 x 480
65K
200 Hz
640 x 480
16.7M
200 Hz
800 x 600
256
200 Hz
800 x 600
65K
200 Hz
800 x 600
16.7M
160 Hz
1024 x 768
256
150 Hz
1024 x 768
65K
150 Hz
1024 x 768
16.7M
120 Hz
1152 x 864
256
120 Hz
1152 x 864
65K
120 Hz
1152 x 864
16.7M
85 Hz
1280 x 1024
256
100 Hz
1280 x 1024
65K
100 Hz
1280 x 1024
16.7M
85 Hz
1600 x 1200
256
85 Hz
1600 x 1200
65K
85 Hz
1920 x 1080
256
75 Hz
1920 x 1080
65K
75 Hz
1920 x 1200
256
75 Hz
NOTES:
[1] Refresh frequency limited to a maximum of 85 Hz in Windows environments.
2-MB SGRAM
Upgrade Required?
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Table F-2 lists the 3D graphics display modes and how the frame buffer is used.
Table F–2. 3D Graphics Display Modes
Table F-2.
3D Graphics Display Modes
Resolution
512 x 384
640 x 480
640 x 480
640 x 480
800 x 600
Color Depth
65K
65K
65K
16.7M
65K
Frame
Buffer
2 MB
2 MB
4 MB
4 MB
4 MB
Front
Buffer
0.38 MB
0.59 MB
0.59 MB
1.17 MB
0.92 MB
F-4 Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Back
Buffer
0.38 MB
0.59 MB
0.59 MB
1.17 MB
0.92 MB
Z
Buffer
0.38 MB
0.59 MB
0.59 MB
0.59 MB
0.92 MB
Texture Memory
w/Z
w/o Z
0.88 MB
1.25 MB
0.24 MB
0.83 MB
2.24 MB
2.83 MB
1.07 MB
1.66 MB
1.25 MB
2.17 MB
Technical Reference Guide
F.4
PROGRAMMING
F.4.1
CONFIGURATION
The graphics card works off the AGP bus and is configured through PCI configuration space
registers using PCI protocol. These registers (Table F-3) are configured by BIOS during POST
Table F–3. ATI RAGE PRO PCI Configuration Space Registers
Table F-3.
ATI RAGE PRO PCI Configuration Space Registers
PCI Config.
Address
00h
04h
08h
10h
Function
Vender ID (1002h)/Device ID (4744h)
PCI Command
Status
Display Memory Base Address
PCI Config.
Address
14h
30h
3Ch
--
Function
Relocateable I/O Base Address
Expansion ROM Base Address
Interrupt Line / Interrupt Pin
--
For a discussion of accessing PCI configuration space registers refer to chapter 4. For a detailed
description of registers refer to applicable ATI Technologies, Inc. documentation.
F.4.2
CONTROL
Table F-4 list the control registers used for operating in standard VGA mode. No special drivers
are required for VGA, EGA, and CGA modes. For a detailed description of the registers refer to
applicable ATI Technologies, Inc. documentation.
Table F–4. Standard VGA Mode I/O Mapping
Table F-4.
Standard VGA Mode I/O Mapping
I/O
I/O
Address
Function
Address
3B5.00..26h*
CRT Controller (mono)
3C6h..3C9h
3BAh
VSYNC Control, Display Status
3CAh
3C1.00..14h*
Attribute Controller
3CCh
3C2h
Misc. Control / Status
3CF.00..08h
3C5h.00..04h*
Sequencer
3D5.00..26h*
--3DAh
* Index at base minus 1 (i.e., if base is 3B5h, index is at 3B4h.
Function
RAMDAC
Read VSYNC Status
Misc. Control, Read
Graphics Controller
CRT Controller (color)
VSYNC Control, Display Status (color)
Extended mode registers (display and configuration, GUI, multimedia, and PLL registers) may be
I/O or memory-mapped and are controlled through the supplied graphics driver. The graphics
driver is adaptable to all current ATI RAGE controllers.
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
F-5
Appendix F ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card
F.5
MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONTROL
This controller provides monitor power control for monitors that conform to the VESA display
power management signaling (DPMS) protocol. This protocol defines different power
consumption conditions and uses the HSYNC and VSYNC signals to select a monitor’s power
condition. Table F-5 lists the monitor power conditions.
Table F–5. Monitor Power Management Conditions
Table F-5.
Monitor Power Management Conditions
F.6
HSYNC
Active
VSYNC
Active
Power Mode
On
Active
Inactive
Suspend
Inactive
Inactive
Off
Description
Monitor is completely powered up. If activated, the inactivity
counter counts down during system inactivity and if allowed to
tiemout, generates an SMI to initiate the Suspend mode.
Monitor’s high voltage section is turned off and CRT heater
(filament) voltage is reduced from 6.6 to 4.4 VDC. The Off mode
inactivity timer counts down from the preset value and if allowed to
timeout, another SMI is generated and serviced, resulting in the
monitor being placed into the Off mode. Wake up from Suspend
mode is typically a few seconds.
Monitor’s high voltage section and heater circuitry is turned off.
Wake up from Off mode is a little longer than from Suspend.
CONNECTORS
There are three connectors associated with the graphics subsystem; the display/monitor
connector, a multimedia connector (which includes the VESA Standard Feature Connector
(VSFC)), and a SODIMM connector for frame buffer memory expansion.
NOTE: The graphic card’s edge connector mates with the AGP connector on the system
board. This interface is described in chapter 4.
F.6.1
MEMORY EXPANSION CONNECTOR
A memory expansion connector is included allowing the expansion of frame buffer memory. This
connector accepts an industry-standard 144-pin SODIMM. A 2-MB SGRAM module is installed
as standard to provide a total frame buffer memory of 4 megabytes.
F-6 Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Technical Reference Guide
F.6.2
MONITOR CONNECTOR
9
Figure F–4. VGA Monitor Connector, (Female DB-15, as viewed from rear).
Table F–6. DB-15 Monitor Connector Pinout
Table F-6.
DB-15 Monitor Connector Pinout
Pin
Signal
Description
Pin
Signal
1
R
Red Analog [1]
9
PWR
2
G
Blue Analog [1]
10
GND
3
B
Green Analog [1]
11
NC
4
NC
(not connected)
12
SDA
5
GND
Ground
13
HSync
6
R GND
Red Analog Ground
14
VSync
7
G GND
Blue Analog Ground
15
SCL
8
B GND
Green Analog Ground
--NOTES:
[1] RS343A signal levels:
Full on condition = 0.700 VDC
Rise Fall Time @ max pixel rate = 4 ns
Output impedance = 75 ohms
[2] TTL signal levels:
Max Rise Time = 100 ns
Max Fall Time = 15 ns
[3] TTL signal levels:
Max Rise Time = 15 ns
Max Fall Time = 10 ns
[4] Fuse automatically resets when excessive load is removed.
Description
+5 VDC (fused) [4]
Ground
(not connected)
DDC2-B Data [2]
Horizontal Sync [3]
Vertical Sync [3]
DDC2-B Clock [2]
--
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
F-7
Appendix F ATI RAGE PRO AGP Graphics Card
F.6.3
MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE CONNECTOR
A multimedia interface is provided through a 40-pin header that includes the VESA standard
feature (VSFC) connector (also known as the VGA pass-through connector) and additional signal
interface. The interface can operate in one of the following three modes:
VSFC Mode – The VESA Standard Feature Connector (VFSC) mode supports an overlay
peripheral such as an MPEG or TV card. This mode, available in all VGA modes and accelerated
modes, receives video data through the VSFC I/F and overlays the data onto the graphics display
(display clock < 80 MHz).
DVS Mode – The Digital Video Stream (DVS) mode supports connection to a video decoder.
MPP Mode – The Multimedia Peripheral Port (MPP) mode supports data streaming from Host
memory out of the multimedia interface.
Figure F-5 shows the multimedia connector.
Multimedia Interface
VESA Standard Feature I/F
Y1
Y20
Y13
Z1
Z20
Z12
Figure F–5. Multimedia Interface Connector (40-Pin Header P1)
Table F–7. Multimedia Interface Connector Pinout
Table F-7.
Multimedia Interface Connector Pinout
Pin
Z1
Z2
Z3
Z4
Z5
Z6
Z7
Z8
Z9
Z10
Z11
Z12
Z13
Z14
Z15
Z16
Z17
Z18
Z19
Z20
Signal
GND
GND
GND
EVIDEOESYNCEDCLK
SDA
GND
GND
GND
GND
SCL
--+ 5 VDC
RESETSAD6
RESVD
A. GND
AUD R
Description
Ground
Ground
Ground
Overlay Enable
External Sync Enable
External Clock Enable
Serial Data
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
Serial Clock
KEY
KEY
+5 volts DC
Reset
SA Data Bit 6
Reserved
Ground
Right Audio
Pin
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Y6
Y7
Y8
Y9
Y10
Y11
Y12
Y13
Y14
Y15
Y16
Y17
Y18
Y19
Y20
F-8 Compaq Personal Computers
Original - March 1998
Signal
P0
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
DCLK
BLANK
HSYNC
VSYNC
GND
AZY
SAD3
SAD7
SAD5
REV
+12 VDC
AUD L
Description
Pixel Data 0
Pixel Data 1
Pixel Data 2
Pixel Data 3
Pixel Data 4
Pixel Data 5
Pixel Data 6
Pixel Data 7
Pixel Data Clock
DAC Output Blanking
Horizontal Sync
Vertical Sync
Ground
SA Data Bit 3
SA Data Bit 7
SA Data Bit 5
+12 volt DC
Left Audio
Technical Reference Guide
Appendix G
DIAMOND FIRE AGP GRAPHICS CARD
G. Appendix G Diamond Fire Graphics Card
G.1
INTRODUCTION
This appendix describes the Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card. The Diamond Fire AGP
Graphics card is installed in the AGP slot on the system board on some models. This appendix
covers the following subjects:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Functional description (G.2)
Display modes (G.3)
Programming (G.4)
Monitor power management control (G.5)
Connectors (G.6)
page G-2
page G-4
page G-5
page G-6
page G-6
VESA (Feature)
Connector (P1)
Monitor
Connector
nVIDIA
RIVA 128
NOTES:
-001: Card with NLX mounting bracket.
-002: Card with ATX mounting bracket (shown).
Figure G–1. Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card Layout (p/n 322727-xxx)
Compaq Personal Computers
Original – April 1998
G-1
Appendix G Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card
G.2
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card is based on the NVIDIA RIVA 128 graphics controller.
The AGP design provides an economical approach to 3D processing by off-loading 3D effects
such as texturing, z-buffering and alpha blending while the on-board SGRAM stores the main
display image. This card includes four megabytes of 100-MHz SGRAM memory. The graphics
BIOS code is contained on-board in flash ROM and is easily upgradeable.
4-MB
On-Board
SGRAM
VSFC
Connector
North
Bridge
VD7..0
32-Bit AGP Bus
nVIDIA
RIVA 128
Graphics
Controller
128-Bit Graphics
Memory Bus
BIOS
ROM
RGB Data
Monitor
Figure G–2. Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card Block diagram
The Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card includes the following software support:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
G-2
Accelerated drive support for Windows 3.x, Win95, and WinNT
MS DirectDraw support for Win95
MS ActiveMovie support for Win95
MPEG-1 software playback for DOS, Windows 3.x, and Win95
MPEG-2 software playback Win95
MS Direct3D support for Win95
QuickDraw 3D RAVE support for Win95 and WinNT
OpenGL support for Win95 and WinNT
Heidi support for WinNT
ATI 3D CIF support for Win95
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
G.2.1
NVIDIA RIVA 128 GRAPHICS CONTROLLER
The NVIDIA RIVA 128 graphics controller provides most of the functionality of the graphics
subsystem and contains the features listed below:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
230-MHz DAC
128-bit processing
2D accelerator with:
• Transparent/stretch BitBLT, line draw, polygon/rectangle fill
• Monochrome expansion
• 256 ROP support in 8-, 16-, 24-, and 32-bpp color depth
• 24-bpp true color w/1 MB memory
3D accelerator with:
• 4.2 Gflop floating point processor
• Vertex caching
• Perspective-correct true-color Gouraud lighting and texture mapping
• Alpha blending, double buffering, Z-buffering, edge anti-aliasing
• Perspective-correct specular highlights
VESA DDC1 and DDC2B support
Video processor/accelerator supporting the following formats:
• YCrCb 4:2:2 and 4:2:0
• Back-end video scaling
Power management for full VESA DPMS and EPA Energy Star compliance
Figure F-3 shows the basic architecture of the NVIDIA RIVA 128 controller, which is compatible
with software written for VGA, EGA, and CGA modes. Drivers are supplied for control of
graphics (GUI) accelerator engines used in extended VGA modes. The nVIDIA RIVA 128
includes multimedia support such as video overlay and DAC mode switching as well as VESA
standard feature connector (VSFC) baseline support. Video playback is accelerated with format
conversion, multi-tap x and y filtering, and color-space conversion.
SGS nVIDIA RIVA 128
AD31..0
AGP Bus
VESA
Connector
VD7..0
Host
Bus
I/F
VGA
Controller
Memory
I/F
CRT
Controller
Video
Processor
Drawing
Coprocessor
Graphics
Data
Memory
HSync
VSync
Red
RAM
DAC
Display
Monitor
Green
Blue
Figure G–3. NVIDIA RIVA 128 Graphics Controller Internal Architecture
More information on the NVIDIA RIVA 128 controller may be found at the following NVIDIA
web site: http://www.nvidia.com.
Compaq Personal Computers
Original – April 1998
G-3
Appendix G Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card
G.3
DISPLAY MODES
The graphics modes supported by both the controller and its BIOS are listed in Table G-1.
Table G–1. 2D Graphics Display Modes (w/SGRAM)
Table G-1.
2D Graphics Display Modes (w/SGRAM)
Vertical
Resolution
Color Depth
Refresh Freq. [1]
640 x 480
256
120 Hz
640 x 480
65K
120 Hz
640 x 480
16.7M
120 Hz
800 x 600
256
120 Hz
800 x 600
65K
120 Hz
800 x 600
16.7M
120 Hz
1024 x 768
256
120 Hz
1024 x 768
65K
120 Hz
1024 x 768
16.7M
120 Hz
1152 x 864
256
100 Hz
1152 x 864
65K
100 Hz
1152 x 864
16.7M
100 Hz
1280 x 1024
256
85 Hz
1280 x 1024
65K
85 Hz
1600 x 1200
256
85 Hz
1600 x 1200
65K
85 Hz
1920 x 1080
256
72 Hz
NOTE:
[1] Refresh frequency is limited to a maximum of 85 Hz in Windows environments.
G-4
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - April 1998
Amount of
SGRAM Used
512 KB
1 MB
1 MB
512 KB
1 MB
1.5 MB
1 MB
1.5 MB
2.5 MB
3 MB
3.5 MB
4 MB
1.5 MB
2.5 MB
2 MB
4 MB
4 MB
Technical Reference Guide
G.4
PROGRAMMING
G.4.1
CONFIGURATION
The graphics card works off the AGP bus and is configured through PCI configuration space
registers using PCI protocol. These registers (Table G-2) are configured by BIOS during POST
Table G–2. SGS nVIDA RIVA 128 PCI Configuration Space Registers
Table G-2.
NVIDIA RIVA 128 PCI Configuration Space Registers
PCI Config.
Address
00h
04h
08h
10h
Function
Vender ID/Device ID
PCI Command
Status
Display Memory Base Address
PCI Config.
Address
14h
30h
3Ch
--
Function
Relocateable I/O Base Address
Expansion ROM Base Address
Interrupt Line / Interrupt Pin
--
For a discussion of accessing PCI configuration space registers refer to chapter 4. For a detailed
description of registers refer to applicable NVIDIA Corp. documentation.
G.4.2
CONTROL
Table G-3 list the control registers used for operating in standard VGA mode. No special drivers
are required for VGA, EGA, and CGA modes. For a detailed description of the registers refer to
applicable NVIDIA documentation.
Table G–3. Standard VGA Mode I/O Mapping
Table G-3.
Standard VGA Mode I/O Mapping
I/O
I/O
Address
Function
Address
3B5.00..26h*
CRT Controller (mono)
3C6h..3C9h
3BAh
VSYNC Control, Display Status
3CAh
3C1.00..14h*
Attribute Controller
3CCh
3C2h
Misc. Control / Status
3CF.00..08h
3C5h.00..04h*
Sequencer
3D5.00..26h*
--3DAh
* Index at base minus 1 (i.e., if base is 3B5h, index is at 3B4h.
Function
RAMDAC
Read VSYNC Status
Misc. Control, Read
Graphics Controller
CRT Controller (color)
VSYNC Control, Display Status (color)
Extended mode registers (display and configuration, GUI, multimedia, and PLL registers) may be
I/O or memory-mapped and are controlled through the supplied graphics driver.
Compaq Personal Computers
Original – April 1998
G-5
Appendix G Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card
G.5
MONITOR POWER MANAGEMENT CONTROL
This controller provides monitor power control for monitors that conform to the VESA display
power management signaling (DPMS) protocol. This protocol defines different power
consumption conditions and uses the HSYNC and VSYNC signals to select a monitor’s power
condition. Table G-4 lists the monitor power conditions.
Table G–4. Monitor Power Management Conditions
Table G-4.
Monitor Power Management Conditions
G.6
HSYNC
Active
VSYNC
Active
Power Mode
On
Active
Inactive
Suspend
Inactive
Inactive
Off
Description
Monitor is completely powered up. If activated, the inactivity
counter counts down during system inactivity and if allowed to
tiemout, generates an SMI to initiate the Suspend mode.
Monitor’s high voltage section is turned off and CRT heater
(filament) voltage is reduced from 6.6 to 4.4 VDC. The Off mode
inactivity timer counts down from the preset value and if allowed to
timeout, another SMI is generated and serviced, resulting in the
monitor being placed into the Off mode. Wake up from Suspend
mode is typically a few seconds.
Monitor’s high voltage section and heater circuitry is turned off.
Wake up from Off mode is a little longer than from Suspend.
CONNECTORS
There are two connectors associated with the graphics subsystem; the display/monitor connector
and the media port connector.
NOTE: The graphic card’s edge connector mates with the AGP connector on the system
board. This interface is described in chapter 4.
G-6
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - April 1998
Technical Reference Guide
G.6.1
MONITOR CONNECTOR
Figure G–4. VGA Monitor Connector, (Female DB-15, as viewed from rear).
Table G–5. DB-15 Monitor Connector Pinout
Table G-5.
DB-15 Monitor Connector Pinout
Pin
Signal
Description
Pin
1
R
Red Analog [1]
9
2
G
Blue Analog [1]
10
3
B
Green Analog [1]
11
4
Mon ID
Monitor Identification
12
5
GND
Ground
13
6
R GND
Red Analog Ground
14
7
G GND
Blue Analog Ground
15
8
B GND
Green Analog Ground
-NOTES:
[1] RS343A signal levels:
Full on condition = 0.700 VDC
Rise Fall Time @ max pixel rate = 4 ns
Output impedance = 75 ohms
[2] TTL signal levels:
Max Rise Time = 100 ns
Max Fall Time = 15 ns
[3] TTL signal levels:
Max Rise Time = 15 ns
Max Fall Time = 10 ns
Signal
NC
GND
Mon. ID
SDA
HSync
VSync
SCL
--
Description
Not Connected
Ground
Monitor Identification
DDC2-B Data [2]
Horizontal Sync [3]
Vertical Sync [3]
DDC2-B Clock [2]
--
Compaq Personal Computers
Original – April 1998
G-7
Appendix G Diamond Fire AGP Graphics Card
G.6.2
MEDIA PORT CONNECTOR
The media port connector is provided through a 26-pin header (Figure G-5). This connector
allows the attachment CCIR656 stream and MPEG2 hardware devices. The interface provides a
uni-directional 8-bit YcrCb bus with pixel clock and supports a simplified version of the ITU-R656 video codes
2
26
1
13
Figure G–5. Media Port Connector (26-Pin Header P1)
Table G–6. Media Port Connector Pinout
Table G-6.
Media Port Connector Pinout
Pin
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
G-8
Signal
GND
GND
GND
VIPAD1
VIPAD2
VIPCTL
2
I C CLK
GND
GND
GND
GND
PCI INTA2
I C DTA
Description
Ground
Ground
Ground
External Control 1
External Control 2
Control
Serial Clock
Ground
Ground
Ground
Ground
PCI Interrupt ASerial Data
Pin
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
Compaq Personal Computers
Original - April 1998
Signal
VIPVID0
VIPVID1
VIPVID2
VIPVID3
VIPVID4
VIPVID5
VIPVID6
VIPVID7
VIPPCLK
VIPCLK
--GND
Description
Pixel/Data 0
Pixel/Data 1
Pixel/Data 2
Pixel/Data 3
Pixel/Data 4
Pixel/Data 5
Pixel/Data 6
Pixel/Data 7
Pixel Clock
Data Clock
Not used
Not used
Ground
INDEX
I.
abbreviations, 1-3
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP), 4-11
acronyms, 1-3
addressing, sideband, 4-12
administrator password, 4-50
AGP, 4-11
AGP 1X transfers, 4-12
AGP 2X transfers, 4-13
analog-to-digital converter (ADC), D-4
APM BIOS functions, 7-23
architecture, system, 2-6
ASCII character set, B-1
AT attachment (ATA), 5-4
audio card, 6-1, D-1
battery replacement, 4-30
BIOS ROM, 2-8
boot block ROM, 7-2
Bus Masters (PCI), 4-4
cache, L1, L2, 2-8
chipsets, support, 2-9
Client Management BIOS function, 7-4
CMOS, 4-29
CMOS, clearing, 4-30
configuration (ISA), 4-27
Configuration Cycle, 4-6
configuration memory, 4-29
Connector
AGP bus, 4-15
Audio, CD, D-3
Audio, Headphone Out, D-2
Audio, Line In, D-2
Audio, Line Out, D-2
Audio, Mic In, D-2
Audio, Speaker, D-3
diskette drive interface, 5-14
display (VGA monitor), 7, F-7, G-7
IDE interface, 5-9
IDE/diskette drive power, 6-5
ISA bus, 4-17
keyboard/pointing device interface, 5-34
Media Port, G-8
Multimedia Interface, 8, F-8
parallel interface, 5-27
PCI bus, 4-3
serial interface (RS-232), 5-15
Universal Serial Bus interface, 5-36
digital-to-analog converter (DAC), D-5
DIP switch, power-on password disable, 4-50
disabling I/O, 4-51
diskette drive interface, 5-10
DMA, 4-20
drive fault prediction, 7-12, 7-13, 7-14, 7-16
EIDE interface, 5-1
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP), 5-22
error codes, A-1
error messages, A-1
Extended Capabilities Port (ECP), 5-22
fan, chassis, 6-2
fan, power supply, 6-2
features, standard, 2-2
flash ROM, 4-50
FM synthesis, D-7
GPIO, 3-4, 3-11
GPIO, 82371, 4-47
graphics card, ATI RAGE IIC, E-1
graphics card, ATI RAGE PRO AGP, F-1
graphics card, Diamond Fire, G-1
graphics subsystem, 2-10
hard drive spindown, 4-52
heat sink, 3-4, 3-11
Host bus, 2-6
I/O map, 4-46
IDE interface, 5-1
index addressing, 1-2
interrupts
maskable (IRQn), 4-23
nonmaskable (NMI, SMI), 4-25
interrupts, PCI, 4-9
interval timer, 4-27
ISA bus, 2-6
ISA bus, overview, 4-16
key (keyboard) functions, C-7
keyboard, C-1
keyboard (micro)processor, C-2
keyboard layouts, C-4
keyboard/pointing device interface, 5-28
Magic Packet, 6-4
Media port connector, G-8
media write protect function (BIOS), 7-18
memory map
586-based system, 3-7
memory, cache (SRAM), 2-8
memory, detection and configuration of, 7-3
memory, ROM (BIOS), 2-8
memory, system, 3-5, 3-12
memory, system (RAM), 2-8
MMX technology, 3-10
monitor power control, 6, F-6, G-6
Multimedia interface connector, 8
Multimedia Interface Connector, F-8
notational conventions, 1-2
Options, 2-2
parallel interface, 5-21
password, administrator, 4-50
password, clearing, 4-30
password, power-on, 4-50
PCI bus, 2-6, 2-9
PCI bus, overview, 4-2
PCI Configuration Space, 4-7
PCI interrupts, 4-9
PCM audio processing, D-4
Pentium II, 2-8, 3-3, 3-10
Pentium MMX, 2-8
Plug ’n Play, 2-2, 2-10, 7-19
Plug 'n Play BIOS function, 7-19
power distribution, 6-5
power management, 4-51
Power Management BIOS function, 7-21, 7-24
power supply, 7-1
power-on password, 4-50
processing speed, selecting (Pentium II), 3-4, 311
processor upgrading, 3-4, 3-11
QuickBoot, 7-2
QuickLock/QuickBlank, 4-50
RAM, 2-8
reference sources, 1-1
remote flashing, 7-2
RTC, 4-29
scan codes (keyboard), C-10
SCSI adapter, 5-35
SEC cartridge, 3-2, 3-9
security, I/O, 4-51
serial interface, 5-15
sideband addressing, 4-12
signal distribution, 6-7
SilentBoot, 7-2
single edge connector, 3-2, 3-9
SMI, 4-26
special cycles (PCI), 4-8
specifications, 2-11
electrical, 2-11
environmental, 2-11
physical, 2-11
power supply, 6-7
Specifications
8x CD-ROM Drive, 2-12
Diskette Drive, 2-12, D-11
Hard Drive, 2-14
system board, 2-5
system ID, 7-6
system information table (SIT), 7-6
system memory, 2-8, 3-5, 3-12
system ROM, 2-8
thermal considerations, 3-4, 3-11
timer, interval, 4-27
UART, 5-15
Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface, 5-35
upgrading, processor, 3-4, 3-11
USB ports, 2-10
wake up (power), 6-4
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