Sparky Group BUR 131E User's manual

Sparky Group BUR 131E User's manual
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Contents
I - Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1
,, 7HFKQLFDOVSHFL¿FDWLRQV................................................................................................................. 3
III - Safety instructions for power tools ................................................................................................ 3
IV - Additional safety rules for impact drills .......................................................................................... 4
V - Know your product ......................................................................................................................A/4
VI - Operation ........................................................................................................................................ 4
VII - Maintenance ................................................................................................................................... 6
VIII - Warranty .......................................................................................................................................... 6
UNPACKING
Due to modern mass production techniques, it is unlikely that your power tool is faulty or that a part is
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ASSEMBLY
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I - Introduction
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CAUTION!
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VSHFLDOFDUHWRKHHGWKH&DXWLRQV<RXU63$5.<SRZHUWRROKDVPDQ\IHDWXUHVWKDWZLOOPDNH\RXUMRE
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of this tool, making it easy to maintain and operate.
Do not dispose of electrical products together with household waste!
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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
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BUR 131E • Instruction Manual
pages-BUR 131E.indd 1
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DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS
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product or instructions on its use.
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additional protection.
Conforms to the requirements
of the German Equipment and
Product Safety Act.
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pages-BUR 131E.indd 2
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safety standards.
Conforms to the requirements of
Russian standards.
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III - Safety instructions for
power tools
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Save these instructions!
WORK AREA
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liquids, gases or dust. Power tools create
sparks which may ignite the dust or fumes.
ƒ .HHSFKLOGUHQDQGE\VWDQGHUVDZD\ZKLOHRSerating a power tool. Distractions can cause
you to lose control.
ELECTRICAL SAFETY
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modify the plug in any way. Do not use any
adapter plugs with earthed (grounded) power
tools. Unmodified plugs and matching outlets
will reduce risk of electric shock.
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surfaces such as pipes, radiators, ranges and
refrigerators. There is an increased risk of elecWULFVKRFNLI\RXUERG\LVHDUWKHGRUJURXQGHG
ƒ 'RQRWH[SRVHSRZHUWRROVWRUDLQRUZHWFRQGLtions. Water entering a power tool will increase
the risk of electric shock.
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carrying, pulling or unplugging the power tool.
Keep cord away from heat, oil, sharp edges or
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increase the risk of electric shock.
Instruction Manual
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of electric shock.
PERSONAL SAFETY
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common sense when operating a power tool.
Do not use a power tool while you are tired or
under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication. A moment of inattention while operating power tools may result in serious personal
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non-skid safety shoes, hard hat, or hearing
protection used for appropriate conditions will
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power tools with your finger on the switch or
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turning the power tool on. A wrench or a key
left attached to a rotating part of the power tool
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EDODQFHDWDOOWLPHV7KLVHQDEOHVEHWWHUFRQtrol of the power tool in unexpected situations.
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parts.
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dust extraction and collection facilities, ensure
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POWER TOOL USE AND CARE
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power tool for your application. The correct
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the rate for which it was designed.
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turn it on and off. Any power tool that cannot
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safety measures reduce the risk of starting the
power tool accidentally.
ƒ 6WRUHLGOHSRZHUWRROVRXWRIWKHUHDFKRIFKLOdren and do not allow persons unfamiliar with
the power tool or these instructions to operate
the power tool. Power tools are dangerous in
the hands of untrained users.
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and any other condition that may affect the
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tools.
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maintained cutting tools with sharp cutting
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control.
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etc., in accordance with these instructions and
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of the power tool for operations, different from
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situation.
SERVICE
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repair person using only identical replacement
parts. This will ensure that the safety of the
power tool is maintained.
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noise loading from continuous operation could
damage the operator’s hearing if the Safety InVWUXFWLRQVDQGWKHEHORZPHQWLRQHGUXOHVDUHQRW
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Wear goggles.
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tool for extended periods.
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loose clothing while working.
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area of the power tool.
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appropriate way.
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maintenance or in case of mains drop out.
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liquids and gases. The working place should
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V - Know your product
1. Securing screw
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6. Ventilation slots
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VI - Operation
IV - Additional safety rules
for impact drills
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This power tool is supplied from single-phase alWHUQDWLQJFXUUHQWPDLQVRQO\,WLVGRXEOHLQVXODWHG
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connected to grounded or not grounded sockets.
This power tool is radio suppressed in compliance
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This power tool is designed for impact drilling in
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rotary operation mode ensures drilling openings
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materials.
PRIOR TO INITIAL OPERATION
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technical data of the tool.
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power supply socket only when this switch is
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position, the power tool will start operating immediately, which could cause a serious accident.
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If the replacement of the supply cord is necesVDU\WKLVKDVWREHGRQHE\WKHPDQXIDFWXUHU
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mounted and fastened securely.
INSTALLING AND REMOVING BITS
CAUTION: Switch off and unplug the machine prior to any procedure on the power tool.
Grip rear collar of keyless chuck and rotate front
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hand.
SWITCHING ON - SWITCHING OFF
Brief activation:
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SMOOTH ELECTRONIC RPM CONTROL
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low rotation speed, further pressing the switch results in smooth increase of the rpm to maximum
upon reaching the extreme position.
SELECTION OF RPM VALUE
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clockwise.
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position to the left - to clockwise rotation. When
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when the spindle is not rotating!
OPERATION MODE SELECTION
Drilling holes in metal, wood, etc.
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Drilling holes in concrete, stone, etc.
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SCREWS AND NUTS
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rpm.
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AUXILIARY HANDLE
Continuous use:
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and release it immediately.
CAUTION: Before plugging in the tool,
always check to see that the trigger switch (11)
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when released.
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REMOVING THE CHUCK
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unwind the left-treaded securing screw. Insert and
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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR OPERATION
Apply moderate pressure during drilling in concrete
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LQFUHDVHGULOOLQJHI¿FLHQF\EXWLWZLOOOHDGWRGHFUHDVing the operation life of the machine. Drill at speed
lower than the maximum speed and select the speed
depending on the processed material.
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dust.
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Before drilling large-diameter holes in metal, wood or
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©ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟª ȼɚɲɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɪɟɥɶ 63$5.< ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɦɧɨɝɢɦɢ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɩɪɨɫɬɹɬ
ȼɚɲɭɪɚɛɨɬɭɉɪɢɟɟɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟɧɚɢɛɨɥɶɲɟɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɨɧɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶɱɬɨɭɩɪɨɳɚɟɬɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭɢɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɸɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɇɟɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɣɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɜɦɟɫɬɟɫɛɵɬɨɜɵɦɢɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɢ
Ɉɬɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɢɡɞɟɥɢɹɧɟɞɨɥɠɧɵɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɬɶɫɹɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨɫɛɵɬɨɜɵɦɢ
ɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɢ ɉɪɨɫɶɛɚ ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɢɯ ɜ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɦɟɫɬɚɯ
ɉɪɨɤɨɧɫɭɥɶɬɢɪɭɣɬɟɫɶɩɨɷɬɨɦɭɩɨɜɨɞɭɫɦɟɫɬɧɵɦɢɜɥɚɫɬɹɦɢɢɥɢɢɯɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɦ
ɈɏɊȺɇȺɈɄɊɍɀȺɘɓȿɃɋɊȿȾɖȱ
ɋɭɱɟɬɨɦɨɯɪɚɧɵɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣɫɪɟɞɵɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɢɭɩɚɤɨɜɤɚɞɨɥɠɧɵ
ɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɧɭɬɶɫɹ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɣ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɝɨɫɹ
ɜ ɧɢɯ ɫɵɪɶɹ Ⱦɥɹ ɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɯ ɢɡ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜɨɧɢɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɵɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
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ɈɉɂɋȺɇɂȿɋɂɆȼɈɅɈȼ
ɇɚɬɚɛɥɢɱɤɟɫɞɚɧɧɵɦɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɪɟɥɢɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɵɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟɫɢɦɜɨɥɵɈɧɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɨɛɨɣɜɚɠɧɭɸɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸɨɛɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɢɟɝɨɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɚɯ
Ⱦɜɨɣɧɚɹɢɡɨɥɹɰɢɹɜɰɟɥɹɯ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɵ
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɧɟɦɟɰɤɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɚɩɨɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
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ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢɦ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɚɦɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɪɭɫɤɢɯ
ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ
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Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ
ƒɇɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ
ƒɉɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɟɦɚɹɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶ
ƒɏɨɥɨɫɬɵɟɨɛɨɪɨɬɵ
ƒɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɜ
ƒɋɦɟɧɚɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ƒɈɛɯɜɚɬɩɚɬɪɨɧɚ
ƒɆɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɣɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɫɜɟɪɥɚɞɥɹɫɬɚɥɢɞɟɪɟɜɚɛɟɬɨɧɚ
ƒȼɟɫ
ƒɄɥɚɫɫɡɚɳɢɬɵ(1
ƒɍɪɨɜɟɧɶɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɝɨɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ƒɍɪɨɜɟɧɶɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ
ƒɄɨɪɪɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɶɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ
,,,ǶțȟȠȞȡȘȤȖȖȝȜ
ȏȓȕȜȝȎȟțȜȟȠȖȝȞȖ
ȞȎȏȜȠȓȟȫșȓȘȠȞȜ
ȖțȟȠȞȡȚȓțȠȎȚȖ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ɉɡɧɚɤɨɦɶɬɟɫɶ ɫɨ ɜɫɟɦɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɦɢ ɇɟɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ
ɧɢɠɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɣɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɸ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦɩɨɠɚɪɭɢɢɥɢɞɪɨɩɚɫɧɨɦɭɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɭ
ɋɨɯɪɚɧɹɣɬɟɷɬɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɊȺȻɈɑȿȿɆȿɋɌɈ
ƒ ɋɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɟ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɜ ɱɢɫɬɨɬɟ ɯɨɪɨɲɨ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɵɦ Ȼɟɫɩɨɪɹɞɨɤ ɢ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɬɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɦɟɫɬɚ
ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɵɥɤɨɣ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ
ɬɪɭɞɨɜɵɯɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɨɜ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜɨ
ɜɡɪɵɜɨɨɩɚɫɧɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɟ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɜ ɩɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ
ɝɚɡɨɜɢɥɢɩɵɥɢɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɫɨɡɞɚɸɬɢɫɤɪɵɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɦɨɝɭɬɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɢɬɶ
ɩɚɪɵɢɩɵɥɶ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɨɞɩɭɫɤɚɣɬɟ ɧɚ ɛɥɢɡɤɨɟ ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ɞɟɬɟɣ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɢɯ ɥɢɰ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ȼ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ
ɧɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɚ ɩɨɬɟɪɹ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɫ
ȼɚɲɟɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ
ɗɅȿɄɌɊɂɑȿɋɄȺəȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɖ
ƒ ɒɬɟɩɫɟɥɶ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɵɦ ɝɧɟɡɞɚɦ
ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚɧɟɦɨɞɢɮɢɰɢɪɭɣɬɟɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɇɟ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɤɚɤɢɟɥɢɛɨ ɚɞɚɩɬɟɪɵ ɫ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɦ ɡɚɡɟɦɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
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ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɯɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɟɣɢɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɯɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɨɜɫɧɢɠɚɟɬɪɢɫɤɭɞɚɪɚɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ɂɡɛɟɝɚɣɬɟ ɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ȼɚɲɟɝɨ ɬɟɥɚ
ɫɡɚɡɟɦɥɟɧɧɵɦɢɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɦɢɜɨɞɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɵɯ ɬɪɭɛ ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɨɜ ɤɭɯɨɧɧɵɯ ɩɥɢɬ
ɢɯɨɥɨɞɢɥɶɧɢɤɨɜɬɤɜɷɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɚɹɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ɇɟɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɚɣɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɸɞɨɠɞɹɢɜɥɚɝɢɉɪɨɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɜ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɜɨɞɵ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɤɚɛɟɥɶ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɸ
ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɤɚɛɟɥɶɞɥɹɩɟɪɟɧɨɫɚ ɜɨɥɨɱɟɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɬ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɨɝɨɝɧɟɡɞɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚȾɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɤɚɛɟɥɶ ɜɞɚɥɢ ɨɬ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ ɬɟɩɥɚ
ɨɫɬɪɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɯɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ ɉɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɧɵɣɢɥɢɡɚɩɭɬɚɧɧɵɣɤɚɛɟɥɶɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɤɚɛɟɥɶɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɣ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɭɞɥɢɧɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɩɨɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ɅɂɑɇȺəȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɖ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɣɬɟɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɢɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɣɬɟ
ɨɛɞɭɦɚɧɧɨ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɟɫɥɢȼɵɭɫɬɚɥɢɢɥɢɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɟɫɶ
ɩɨɞ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟɦ ɧɚɪɤɨɬɢɤɨɜ ɚɥɤɨɝɨɥɹ ɢɥɢ
ɦɟɞɢɤɚɦɟɧɬɨɜ Ɇɨɦɟɧɬɧɨɟ ɧɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ
ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɤ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ
ɬɪɚɜɦɟ
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ƒ ɉɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶ ɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɧɨɫɢɬɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟ
ɨɱɤɢ ɂɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ
ɬɚɤɢɟ ɤɚɤ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɦɚɫɤɚ ɩɪɨɬɢɜ ɩɵɥɢ
ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɡɤɚɹ ɨɛɭɜɶ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɲɥɟɦ ɢɥɢ
ɚɧɬɢɮɨɧɵ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ
ɨɬ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ ɫɧɢɠɚɸɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ
ɬɪɚɜɦɵ
ƒ ɂɡɛɟɝɚɣɬɟɧɟɜɨɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɭɫɤɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɱɬɨɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɜ
ɩɨɡɢɰɢɢ©ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɨªɩɨɫɥɟɱɟɝɨɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɜ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɶ ɇɨɲɟɧɢɟ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɫɩɚɥɶɰɟɦɧɚɩɭɫɤɟɢɥɢɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɜɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɶɜɪɟɠɢɦɟ©ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨªɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɣɪɢɫɤ
ƒ ɍɞɚɥɢɬɟɝɚɟɱɧɵɟɢɞɪɤɥɸɱɢɩɟɪɟɞɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ Ʉɥɸɱ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɣɜɡɨɧɟɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɟɣɫɹɱɚɫɬɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɣ
ɬɪɚɜɦɟ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɟɪɟɬɹɝɢɜɚɣɬɟɫɶ ɚ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɣɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɥɚ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɗɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬ ɥɭɱɲɟ ɭɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɬɶ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɜɧɟɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɯ
ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹɯ
ƒ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɭɸ ɪɚɛɨɱɭɸ ɨɞɟɠɞɭ ɇɟ ɧɚɞɟɜɚɣɬɟ ɲɢɪɨɤɭɸ ɨɞɟɠɞɭ ɢɥɢ
ɭɤɪɚɲɟɧɢɹȾɟɪɠɢɬɟɫɜɨɢɜɨɥɨɫɵɨɞɟɠɞɭ
ɢɩɟɪɱɚɬɤɢɧɚɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɦɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɢɨɬ
ɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ ɒɢɪɨɤɚɹ ɨɞɟɠɞɚ
ɭɤɪɚɲɟɧɢɹɢɥɢɞɥɢɧɧɵɟɜɨɥɨɫɵɦɨɝɭɬɩɨɩɚɫɬɶɜɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɟɫɹɱɚɫɬɢ
ƒ ȿɫɥɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟɦɞɥɹɩɵɥɢɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɶɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸɫɛɨɪɤɭɢɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɉɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
ɬɚɤɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɣ ɩɨɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟɫɩɵɥɶɸɪɢɫɤɢ
ɗɄɋɉɅɍȺɌȺɐɂəɂɍɏɈȾɁȺ
ɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌȺɆɂ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɭɠɚɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɉɨɞɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ
ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɵɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬ
ɥɭɱɲɟɢɛɨɥɟɟɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɜɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟɬɨɣ
ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢɞɥɹɤɨɬɨɪɨɣɨɧɫɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɜ ɬɟɯ
ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɟɝɨ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɧɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɧɟɥɶɡɹ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɟɝɨ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ
ɨɩɚɫɟɧɢɩɨɞɥɟɠɢɬɪɟɦɨɧɬɭ
ƒ Ɉɬɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶ ɨɬ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɧɚɱɚɬɶɤɚɤɢɟɥɢɛɨɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ
ɡɚɦɟɧɭ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɢɥɢ ɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ Ɍɚɤɚɹ ɩɪɟɜɟɧɬɢɜɧɚɹ
RU
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ɦɟɪɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɪɢɫɤ ɧɟɜɨɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɭɫɤɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ȼ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɵ ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɧɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɟ ɫ ȼɚɲɢɦɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɯɪɚɧɢɬɟ ɢɯ
ɜɦɟɫɬɟɧɟɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɨɦɞɥɹɞɟɬɟɣɢɧɟɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɣɬɟ ɥɢɰɚɦ ɧɟɡɧɚɤɨɦɵɦ ɫ ɪɚɛɨɬɨɣ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢɥɢ ɫ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɦɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɦɢɟɝɨɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ
ɪɭɤɚɯɧɟɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɯɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɟɣ
ɉɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɟɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɭɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɱɬɨɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɢɟɫɹɱɚɫɬɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɸɬ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɨ ɢ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɬɫɹ ɜ
ɰɟɥɨɫɬɢɢɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟɜɫɟɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɦɨɝɥɢɛɵ
ɧɟɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɨɩɨɜɥɢɹɬɶɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɭɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɬɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɉɥɨɯɨɟɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣɛɨɥɶɲɨɝɨɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɨɜ
ɉɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɠɭɳɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɨɫɬɪɵɦɢ ɢ ɱɢɫɬɵɦɢ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ
ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɠɭɳɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɪɟɠɟ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɭɸɬɫɹɢɩɪɨɳɟɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɟɣ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɦɞɥɹɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨɜɢɞɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɢɫɯɨɞɹɢɡ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢɢɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɦɵɯ ɪɚɛɨɬ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɧɟ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɸ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶɨɩɚɫɧɭɸɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɸ
ɋȿɊȼɂɁɇɈȿɈȻɋɅɍɀɂȼȺɇɂȿ
ƒ Ɋɟɦɨɧɬ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɦ ɫ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɡɚɩɚɫɧɵɯ
ɱɚɫɬɟɣ Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
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ȟȠȖȝȞȖȞȎȏȜȠȓȟ
ȒȞȓșȪȬ
ȼɵɞɟɥɹɟɦɵɟɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɟɫɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦɫɬɪɭɠɤɢɢɥɢɨɛɥɨɦɤɢɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɤɟɝɨɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɢɦɫɹɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɦɦɨɠɟɬ
ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɬɹɠɟɥɵɟɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɬɪɚɜɦɵɚɲɭɦ
ɩɪɢɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɟ±ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɫɥɭɯɚɟɫɥɢɧɟɫɨɛɥɸɞɚɸɬɫɹɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɛɟɡ-
BUR 131E
ɝ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɢɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟɧɢɠɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ
ƒ ȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɦɢ
ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɡɚɳɢɬɢɬɶ ɫɟɛɹ ɨɬ
ɥɟɬɹɳɢɯɱɚɫɬɢɰɇɨɫɢɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟɨɱɤɢ
ƒ ɉɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɦɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɫɥɭɯɚ
ɩɪɢɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɟ
ƒ ɋɨɛɢɪɚɣɬɟɜɨɥɨɫɵɫɡɚɞɢɜɩɭɱɨɤɢɧɟɧɨɫɢɬɟɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɭɸɪɚɛɨɱɭɸɨɞɟɠɞɭ
ƒ Ⱦɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɤɚɛɟɥɶ ɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ ɜɧɟ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ
ɨɯɜɚɬɚɦɚɲɢɧɵ
ƒ ȼɫɟɝɞɚɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɨɣ
ƒ ɇɚɣɞɢɬɟɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɟɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɟɢɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɫɜɨɟɝɨɬɟɥɚɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ƒ Ɏɢɤɫɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɟɦɭɸ ɞɟɬɚɥɶ ɬɢɫɤɚɦɢɢɥɢɞɪɭɝɢɦɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦ
ƒ ɇɚɛɥɸɞɚɣɬɟ ɡɚ ɢɧɟɪɰɢɨɧɧɵɦ ɦɨɦɟɧɬɨɦ
ɩɪɢ ɡɚɩɭɫɤɟ ɞɪɟɥɢ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɟ
ɫɜɟɪɥɚ
ƒ Ɉɬɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶ ɨɬ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶɥɸɛɵɟɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɪɢ
ɭɬɟɱɤɟɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ
ƒ ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɧɟɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɜɧɟɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹɜɞɨɠɞɥɢɜɭɸɩɨɝɨɞɭ
ɜɨɜɥɚɠɧɨɣɫɪɟɞɟɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɠɞɹɢɥɢɜɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣɛɥɢɡɨɫɬɢɤɥɟɝɤɨɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɦɫɹɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚɦɢɝɚɡɚɦɊɚɛɨɱɚɹ
ɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɚɞɨɥɠɧɚɢɦɟɬɶɯɨɪɨɲɟɟɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ
9ǵțȎȘȜȚȟȠȐȜȟȫșȓȘȠȞȜ
ȖțȟȠȞȡȚȓțȠȜȚ
ɉɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɜɢɧɬ
Ȼɵɫɬɪɨɡɚɠɢɦɧɵɣɩɚɬɪɨɧ
Ɇɟɫɬɨɮɢɤɫɚɰɢɢɲɩɢɧɞɟɥɹ
ɒɟɣɤɚɞɪɟɥɢ
ɉɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɪɟɠɢɦɨɜɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ȼɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ
Ɉɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɶɝɥɭɛɢɧɵɫɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɹ
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɚ
Ɋɵɱɚɝɫɦɟɧɵɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɣɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɜ
ȼɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
Ʉɧɨɩɤɚɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɢɜɚɧɢɹɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ
ɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɤ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚɦ ɛɟɡ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɤɥɟɦɦ
ɬɤ ɨɧ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɞɜɨɣɧɭɸ ɢɡɨɥɹɰɢɸ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨ
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ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ ɞɥɹ ɫɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɣ ɜ ɫɬɚɥɢ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɟ ɢ ɬɞ ɉɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɣ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɢɣɫɹɪɟɠɢɦɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬɫɜɟɪɥɢɬɶɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ
ɜ ɛɟɬɨɧɟ ɤɚɦɧɟ ɤɢɪɩɢɱɧɨɣ ɤɥɚɞɤɟ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ
ɥɨɦɤɢɯɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɯ
ɉȿɊȿȾɇȺɑȺɅɈɆɊȺȻɈɌɕ
ƒ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢ ɢ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɧɚ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɤɟ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɞɚɧɧɵɯ
ƒ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
ɢɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɢɡɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢɬɨɥɶɤɨɜɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɨɦɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹȿɫɥɢ
ȼɵɜɜɟɞɟɬɟɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɜɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɜɬɨɜɪɟɦɹ
ɤɨɝɞɚ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɫɪɚɡɭ ɠɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚɧ ɱɬɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɨɦɭɫɥɭɱɚɸ
ƒ ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢɤɚɛɟɥɹɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ
ɢɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɹȼɫɥɭɱɚɟɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɡɚɦɟɧɭɤɚɛɟɥɹɞɨɥɠɟɧɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶɢɥɢɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɢɥɢɟɝɨɫɟɪɜɢɡɧɵɣɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɜɨ
ɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɯɪɢɫɤɨɜ
ƒ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶ
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɢ
ɆɈɇɌȺɀɂȾȿɆɈɇɌȺɀɋȼȿɊɅȺɂ
ɇȺɄɈɇȿɑɇɂɄȺ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɥɸɛɨɣ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɨɬɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɢɡ
ɫɟɬɢɢɜɵɧɢɦɚɣɬɟɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɢɡɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚ
ɍɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɹɡɚɞɧɸɸɤɨɪɨɧɤɭɩɚɬɪɨɧɚɜɪɚɳɚɣɬɟɩɟɪɟɞɧɸɸɤɨɪɨɧɤɭɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪɩɨɤɚɩɚɬɪɨɧ
ɧɟ ɪɚɫɤɪɨɟɬɫɹ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɫɬɚɜɢɬɶ
ɜ ɧɟɝɨ ɫɜɟɪɥɨ Ɂɚɬɹɧɢɬɟ ɩɟɪɟɞɧɸɸ ɤɨɪɨɧɤɭ
ɩɨɤɚɧɟɭɫɥɵɲɢɬɟɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɵɣɳɟɥɱɨɤ
ɉɍɋɄ±ɈɋɌȺɇɈȼɄȺ
Ʉɪɚɬɤɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɣɩɭɫɤ
9,ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȝȜȞȎȏȜȠȓ
ɗɬɨɬ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ
ɩɪɢɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɦɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɢȿɝɨɦɨɠɧɨɩɨɞ-
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
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ƒ ɉɭɫɤɇɚɠɚɬɶɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
ƒ ɈɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɈɬɩɭɫɬɢɬɶɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
ɉɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ƒ ɉɭɫɤɇɚɠɢɦɚɹɧɚɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɢɬɶɤɧɨɩɤɭ
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ƒ ɈɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɈɞɧɨɤɪɚɬɧɨɧɚɠɚɬɶɢɫɪɚɡɭɠɟ
ɨɬɩɭɫɬɢɬɶɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɉɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɜɫɬɚɜɢɬɶ
ɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɜɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɜɫɟɝɞɚɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟɦɨɠɟɬɥɢɫɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɢɜɟɪɧɭɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ©ȼɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɨª ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɬɨɝɨɤɚɤɛɭɞɟɬɨɬɩɭɳɟɧ
ɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɇɇȺəɊȿȽɍɅəɐɂə
ɈȻɈɊɈɌɈȼ
ɋɥɟɝɤɚɧɚɠɚɬɶɧɚɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɱɬɨɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɬ ɤ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɞɪɟɥɢ ɧɚ ɧɢɡɤɢɯ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɚɯ
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɥɚɜɧɨ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɞɨ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɠɢɦɚ ɧɚ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɜɩɥɨɬɶɞɨɤɪɚɣɧɟɝɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ
ȼɕȻɈɊɈȻɈɊɈɌɈȼ
ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟɨɛɨɪɨɬɵɦɨɠɧɨɜɵɛɪɚɬɶɩɭɬɟɦ
ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪɚ ɩɨ
ɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɟɢɥɢɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ
ɂɁɆȿɇȿɇɂȿɇȺɉɊȺȼɅȿɇɂə
ȼɊȺɓȿɇɂə
Ʉɪɚɣɧɟɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɱɚɫɨɜɨɣ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɟ ɚ
ɤɪɚɣɧɟɟɥɟɜɨɟɩɨɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɟ
ɉɪɢ ɧɚɠɚɬɢɢ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɧɟ
ɫɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɟɬ ɂɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɬɨɥɶɤɨɜɪɟɠɢɦɟɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢɞɪɟɥɢ
ɋɆȿɇȺɊȿɀɂɆɈȼɊȺȻɈɌɕ
ɋɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɣ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɦɟɬɚɥɥɟ ɢ ɬɞ ɉɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧ
ɜ ɤɪɚɣɧɟɦ ɩɪɚɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɢ ɜɢɞɟɧ
ɫɢɦɜɨɥ©ɫɜɟɪɥɨª
ɋɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɣ ɜ ɛɟɬɨɧɟ ɤɚɦɧɟ
ɢ ɬɞ ɉɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧ ɜ
ɤɪɚɣɧɟɦɥɟɜɨɦɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢɢɜɢɞɟɧɫɢɦɜɨɥ©ɦɨɥɨɬª
ɈɌɄɊɍɑɂȼȺɇɂȿɂɁȺɄɊɍɑɂȼȺɇɂȿ
ȻɈɅɌɈȼȼɂɇɌɈȼɂȽȺȿɄ
ȼɩɚɬɪɨɧɦɨɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɦ
ɜɵɲɟ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɟ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ
ɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹɨɬɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɨɥɬɨɜ ɝɚɟɤ ɢɥɢ
ɜɢɧɬɨɜ ɉɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɜ ɤɪɚɣɧɟɦ ɩɪɚɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɬɚɤ
ɱɬɨɛɵɛɵɥɜɢɞɟɧɫɢɦɜɨɥ©ɫɜɟɪɥɨªɋɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ
ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɦɟɧɵ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ɜɵɛɪɚɬɶɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɸɨɬɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ
Ɉɩɟɪɚɰɢɢɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɸɬɫɹɬɨɥɶɤɨɩɪɢɧɢɡɤɢɯɨɛɨɪɨɬɚɯ
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ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɉɪɢɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɢɞɥɢɧɧɵɯ ɛɨɥɬɨɜ ɢ ɜɢɧɬɨɜ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ɜɵɫɤɚɥɶɡɵɜɚɧɢɹɞɪɟɥɢ
ȾɈɉɈɅɇɂɌȿɅɖɇȺəɊɍɄɈəɌɄȺ
Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɨɣ ɡɚɬɹɧɭɬɶ ɲɟɣɤɭ
ɞɪɟɥɢ ɉɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɟɣɤɢɦɨɠɧɨɡɚɮɢɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɝɥɭɛɢɧɭɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ
ȾȿɆɈɇɌȺɀɉȺɌɊɈɇȺ
ɍɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɹ ɡɚɞɧɸɸ ɤɨɪɨɧɤɭ ɩɚɬɪɨɧɚ ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶ
ɩɟɪɟɞɧɸɸ ɤɨɪɨɧɤɭ ɞɨ ɬɟɯ ɩɨɪ ɩɨɤɚ ɩɚɬɪɨɧ ɧɟ
ɪɚɫɤɪɨɟɬɫɹɞɨɤɨɧɰɚ
ɋ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɨɬɜɟɪɬɤɢ ɨɬɤɪɭɬɢɬɶ ɜɢɧɬ ɫ ɥɟɜɨɣ
ɪɟɡɶɛɨɣȼɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɜɩɚɬɪɨɧɲɟɫɬɢɝɪɚɧɧɵɣɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɜɢɧɬɨɜɢɫɬɹɧɭɬɶȼɦɟɫɬɨɮɢɤɫɚɰɢɢɲɩɢɧɞɟɥɹ
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɝɚɟɱɧɵɣɤɥɸɱɢɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɩɚɬɪɨɧ
ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɟ
ɊȿɄɈɆȿɇȾȺɐɂɂɉɊɂɊȺȻɈɌȿɋ
ȾɊȿɅɖɘ
ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɣɬɟ ɭɦɟɪɟɧɧɵɣ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɩɪɢ ɫɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɢ
ɛɟɬɨɧɚɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ±1Ɂɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɧɟ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
ɫɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɹɢɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɟɬɠɢɡɧɶɦɚɲɢɧɵɋɜɟɪɥɢɬɟɩɪɢɨɛɨɪɨɬɚɯɧɢɠɟɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɯɩɨɞɛɢɪɚɹ
ɢɯɢɧɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɫɬɶɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢɨɬɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɫɜɟɪɥɚ ɢɡ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɫɩɥɚɜɧɵɯ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɧ ɫ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɯɜɨɫɬɢɤɨɦ ɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɜɵɧɢɦɚɣɬɟ ɫɜɟɪɥɨ ɢɡ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶɩɵɥɶ
ɋɥɟɞɢɬɟɡɚɫɬɟɩɟɧɶɸɨɫɬɪɨɬɵɫɜɟɪɥɚɢɩɪɨɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɟɝɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɭ ɟɫɥɢ ɡɚɦɟɬɢɬɟ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
ɉɪɢ ɫɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɢ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ ɫ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦɜɦɟɬɚɥɥɟɞɟɪɟɜɟɢɥɢɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɟɩɪɟɞɜɚ¤ɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ
ɫɜɟɪɥɨɦ
Ɉɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɣɨɛɯɜɚɬɩɪɢɫɜɟɪɥɟɧɢɢɛɟɬɨɧɚ±ɞɨ
PPɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɣɨɛɯɜɚɬ±ɞɨPP
ɉɊɂɇȺȾɅȿɀɇɈɋɌɂɄɈɌɈɊɕȿ
ɆɈɀɇɈɂɁɉɈɅɖɁɈȼȺɌɖɋȾȺɇɇɕɆ
ɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌɈɆ
ƒ ɋɜɟɪɥɚɞɥɹɦɟɬɚɥɥɚɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦɨɬ‘ɞɨ
‘PP
ƒ ɋɜɟɪɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦ ɨɬ ‘
ɞɨ‘PP
ƒ ɋɜɟɪɥɚ ɞɥɹ ɛɟɬɨɧɚ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦ ɨɬ ‘ ɞɨ
‘PP
ƒ ɇɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɢ ɫ ɲɟɫɬɢɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɨɦ PP
´ɞɥɹɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹɜɢɧɬɨɜ
BUR 131E
ɝ
9,,ǼȏȟșȡȔȖȐȎțȖȓ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɥɸɛɨɣ
ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɢɥɢ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɜɵɧɢɦɚɣɬɟɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɢɡ
ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚ
ɁȺɆȿɇȺɓȿɌɈɄ
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɳɟɬɤɢ ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɡɚɦɟɧɢɬɶɨɛɟɳɟɬɤɢɧɚɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ
ɜɫɟɪɜɢɡɟ63$5.<ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɝɨɢɩɨɫɥɟɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɝɨɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɑɂɋɌɄȺ
ȼ ɰɟɥɹɯ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹɜɱɢɫɬɨɬɟ
9,,,DZȎȞȎțȠȖȭ
Ƚɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ
63$5.<ɭɤɚɡɚɧɜɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɣɤɚɪɬɟ
ɇɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɲɢɟ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɭɡɤɢ ɢɥɢ
ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɟ ɜɯɨɞɹɬ ɜ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɟɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ
ɇɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɲɢɟ ɜɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɲɢɛɨɤ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɩɥɚɬɵ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɡɚɦɟɧɵ ɢɥɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ
Ɋɟɤɥɚɦɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɧɵɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɩɪɢɡɧɚɸɬɫɹɜɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɤɨɝɞɚ
ɦɚɲɢɧɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɳɢɤɭ ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɦɭɫɟɪɜɢɡɭɜɧɟɪɚɡɨɛɪɚɧɧɨɦɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɦɜɢɞɟ
ȼɪɟɠɢɦɟɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɟɝɨɫɹɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɧɟɦɟɧɟɟ
ɪɚɡɚ ɜ ɧɟɞɟɥɸ ɩɪɨɞɭɣɬɟ ɜɫɟ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ
ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹɨɬɩɵɥɢɢɡɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɢɣɫɭɯɢɦɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɦȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɷɬɨɣɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢɧɨɫɢɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟ
ɨɱɤɢ ȼɧɟɲɧɢɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɨɜɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ
ɩɪɨɬɢɪɚɬɶ ɜɥɚɠɧɨɣ ɫɚɥɮɟɬɤɨɣ ɢ ɫɥɚɛɵɦ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɨɦɦɨɸɳɟɝɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɟɫɦɨɬɪɹ ɧɚ ɬɨ ɱɬɨ
ɜɧɟɲɧɢɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɨɜɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɵ
ɤ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɹɦ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɟ ɤɚɤɢɯɥɢɛɨ
ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɟɣɧɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ
ȼȺɀɇɈȼɰɟɥɹɯɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɫɶ ɪɟɦɨɧɬ
ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɢɡɚɦɟɧɚɳɟɬɨɤɞɨɥɠɧɵɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ
ɜ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɟɪɜɢɡɚɯ 63$5.< ɩɪɢ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢɬɨɥɶɤɨɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɯɡɚɩɚɫɧɵɯ
ɱɚɫɬɟɣ
ǵȎȚȓȥȎțȖȭ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɱɬɢɬɟ ɜɫɸ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ ɩɨ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɢɬɶɤɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɸɷɬɨɝɨɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɡɚ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɩɪɚɜɨ
ɜɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɜ ɫɜɨɢ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɛɟɡ
ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɋɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɚɧ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɚɬɶɫɹ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
pages-BUR 131E.indd 27
27
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ǿȨȒȨȞȔȎțȖȓ
, ȼɴɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ................................................................................................................................... ,, Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɞɚɧɧɢ....................................................................................................................... ,,, ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ ...................................... ,9 Ⱦɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɭɞɚɪɧɢɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɢ.................... 9 Ɂɚɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɧɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ.................................................................................. $
9, ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ.................................................................................................................... 9,, ɉɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ .................................................................................................................................. 34
9,,, Ƚɚɪɚɧɰɢɹ ...................................................................................................................................... 34
ɊȺɁɈɉȺɄɈȼȺɇȿ
ȼɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɨɛɳɨɩɪɢɟɬɢɬɟɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɟɦɚɥɤɨɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɬɨɬȼɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɞɚɟɧɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɟɧɢɥɢɧɹɤɨɹɨɬɱɚɫɬɢɬɟɦɭɞɚɥɢɩɫɜɚȺɤɨɡɚɛɟɥɟɠɢɬɟɱɟɧɟɳɨɧɟɟɧɚɪɟɞɧɟɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɞɨɤɚɬɨɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɚɬɚɱɚɫɬɧɟɫɟ
ɫɦɟɧɢɢɥɢɞɟɮɟɤɬɴɬɧɟɛɴɞɟɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɇɟɢɡɩɴɥɧɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɬɚɡɢɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɤɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɞɨɜɟɞɟɞɨ
ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚɬɪɭɞɨɜɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ɋȽɅɈȻəȼȺɇȿ
ɍɞɚɪɧɚɬɚɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚ%85(ɫɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɨɩɚɤɨɜɚɧɚɢɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɫɝɥɨɛɟɧɚ
,ǰȨȐȓȒȓțȖȓ
ɇɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɬ ɨɬ ȼɚɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ 63$5.< ɳɟ ɧɚɞɯɜɴɪɥɢ ȼɚɲɢɬɟ ɨɱɚɤɜɚɧɢɹ Ɍɨɣ
ɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɜɢɫɨɤɢɬɟɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɧɚɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨɬɨɧɚ63$5.<ɨɬɝɨɜɚɪɹɳɢɧɚ
ɫɬɪɨɝɢɬɟɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɧɚɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɹɅɟɫɟɧɡɚɨɛɫɥɭɠɜɚɧɟɢɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɟɧɩɪɢɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɢ
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɨɡɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɳɟȼɢɫɥɭɠɢɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɞɴɥɝɢɝɨɞɢɧɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɰɹɥɚɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɫɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɈɛɴɪɧɟɬɟɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɧɚɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɟɬɟɤɨɢɬɨɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɬɫɞɭɦɚɬɚÄȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ³ȼɚɲɢɹɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɩɪɢɬɟɠɚɜɚɦɧɨɝɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɤɨɢɬɨ
ɳɟɭɥɟɫɧɹɬȼɚɲɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɉɪɢɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɬɚɧɚɬɨɡɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɧɚɣɝɨɥɹɦɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ
ɟɨɛɴɪɧɚɬɨɧɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɬɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɫɬɬɚɤɨɢɬɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɹɬɥɟɫɟɧɡɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɢɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
ɇɟɢɡɯɜɴɪɥɹɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɡɚɟɞɧɨɫɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢ
Ɉɬɩɚɞɴɰɢɬɟ ɨɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ ɧɟ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɫɴɛɢɪɚɬ ɡɚɟɞɧɨ ɫ ɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟ
ɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢ Ɇɨɥɹ ɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɣɬɟ ɧɚ ɦɟɫɬɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢ ɡɚ ɬɨɜɚ ɋɜɴɪɠɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɫ
ɦɟɫɬɧɢɬɟɜɥɚɫɬɢɢɥɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɡɚɤɨɧɫɭɥɬɚɰɢɹɨɬɧɨɫɧɨɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨ
ɈɉȺɁȼȺɇȿɇȺɈɄɈɅɇȺɌȺɋɊȿȾȺ
ɋɨɝɥɟɞɨɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɢɨɩɚɤɨɜɤɚɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɧɚɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚɩɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɡɚɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɫɴɞɴɪɠɚɳɢɬɟɫɟɜɬɹɯɫɭɪɨɜɢɧɢɁɚɨɛɥɟɤɱɚɜɚɧɟɧɚɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨɞɟɬɚɣɥɢɬɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɨɬɢɡɤɭɫɬɜɟɧɢɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɫɚɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɩɨɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɧɢɹɧɚɱɢɧ
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ɈɉɂɋȺɇɂȿɇȺɋɂɆȼɈɅɂɌȿ
ȼɴɪɯɭɬɚɛɟɥɤɚɬɚɫɞɚɧɧɢɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɫɚɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɫɢɦɜɨɥɢɌɟɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɬɜɚɠɧɚɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹɡɚɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɚɢɥɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɧɟɝɨɜɨɬɨɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ
Ⱦɜɨɣɧɚɢɡɨɥɚɰɢɹɡɚ
ɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɚɡɚɳɢɬɚ
ɋɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɚɧɚɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɧɚ
ɧɟɦɫɤɚɬɚ ɧɚɪɟɞɛɚ ɡɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɧɚɨɛɨɪɭɞɜɚɧɟɢɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
SDJHV%85(LQGG
ɋɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢɬɟ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɋɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɚɧɚɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɧɚɪɭɫɤɢɬɟɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɢɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɢ
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Ɇɨɞɟɥ
ƒɁɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɨɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
ƒɄɨɧɫɭɦɢɪɚɧɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
ƒɈɛɨɪɨɬɢɧɚɩɪɚɡɟɧɯɨɞ
ƒȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɨɛɨɪɨɬɢɬɟ
ƒɋɦɹɧɚɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ
ƒɈɛɯɜɚɬɧɚɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɚ
ƒɆɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɟɧɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪɧɚɫɜɪɟɞɥɨɬɨɡɚɫɬɨɦɚɧɚɞɴɪɜɨɛɟɬɨɧ
ƒɌɟɝɥɨ
ƒɄɥɚɫɧɚɡɚɳɢɬɚ(1
ƒɇɢɜɨɧɚɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɧɚɥɹɝɚɧɟ
ƒɇɢɜɨɧɚɡɜɭɤɨɜɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
ƒɄɨɪɢɝɢɪɚɧɚɫɬɨɣɧɨɫɬɧɚɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɟɬɨ
,,,ǶțȟȠȞȡȘȤȖȖȕȎ
ȏȓȕȜȝȎȟțȜȟȠȝȞȖ
ȞȎȏȜȠȎȟȓșȓȘȠȞȜ
ȖțȟȠȞȡȚȓțȠȖ
ƒ ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɨɬɨ ɦɹɫɬɨ ɱɢɫɬɨ ɢ
ɞɨɛɪɟɨɫɜɟɬɟɧɨȻɟɡɩɨɪɹɞɴɤɴɬɢɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨɬɨ ɨɫɜɟɬɥɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɨɬɨ ɦɹɫɬɨ
ɫɚɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɡɚɬɪɭɞɨɜɢɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ ɇɟɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɜɴɜ
ɜɡɪɢɜɨɨɩɚɫɧɚ ɫɪɟɞɚ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɜ ɩɪɢɫɴɫɬɜɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɡɚɩɚɥɢɦɢ ɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɚɡɨɜɟ ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɚɯȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɢɫɤɪɹɬɤɨɟɬɨ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɜɴɡɩɥɚɦɟɧɢɩɪɚɯɚɢɥɢɩɚɪɢɬɟ
ƒ Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɡɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɞɟɰɚɬɚ ɢ ɫɬɪɚɧɢɱɧɢɬɟɥɢɰɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ Ɋɚɡɫɟɣɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɡɚɝɭɛɚ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥ ɨɬ ȼɚɲɚ
ɫɬɪɚɧɚ
ɡɚɡɟɦɹɜɚɧɟ ɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢɬɟ
ɳɟɩɫɟɥɢ ɢ ɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɚɳɢɬɟ ɢɦ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɢ
ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɪɢɫɤɚɡɚɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɨɤ
ƒ ɂɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟɞɨɩɢɪɧɚɬɹɥɨɬɨɫɴɫɡɚɡɟɦɟɧɢ
ɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɚɬɨ ɜɨɞɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢ ɬɪɴɛɢ
ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɢɤɭɯɧɟɧɫɤɢɩɟɱɤɢɢɯɥɚɞɢɥɧɢɰɢ
Ⱥɤɨɬɹɥɨɬɨɜɢɟɡɚɡɟɦɟɧɨɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚɩɨɜɢɲɟɧɪɢɫɤɨɬɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɬɨɤ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɡɥɚɝɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ ɧɚ
ɞɴɠɞ ɢɥɢ ɜɥɚɝɚ ɉɪɨɧɢɤɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɜɨɞɚ ɜ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɡɚ
ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɨɤ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɤɚɛɟɥɚ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
ɇɢɤɨɝɚɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɤɚɛɟɥɚɡɚɩɪɟɧɚɫɹɧɟɜɥɚɱɟɧɟɢɥɢɢɡɜɚɠɞɚɧɟɨɬɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɨɬɨ
ɝɧɟɡɞɨɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚȾɪɴɠɬɟɤɚɛɟɥɚɧɚɪɚɡɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɨɬɢɡɬɨɱɧɢɰɢɧɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɨɫɬɪɢ ɪɴɛɨɜɟ ɢɥɢ ɞɜɢɠɟɳɢ ɫɟ
ɱɚɫɬɢɉɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɢɬɟɢɥɢɨɩɥɟɬɟɧɢɤɚɛɟɥɢ
ɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚɬ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɡɚ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɨɤ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɧɚ ɨɬɤɪɢɬɨ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɭɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɧɚɨɬɤɪɢɬɨɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢ ɡɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɧɚ
ɨɬɤɪɢɬɨ ɭɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɢ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɨɬ
ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɨɤ
ȿɅȿɄɌɊɂɑȿɋɄȺȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌ
ɅɂɑɇȺȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌ
ƒ ɓɟɩɫɟɥɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɚɬ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɧɢɬɟ
ɝɧɟɡɞɚɇɢɤɨɝɚɧɟɦɨɞɢɮɢɰɢɪɚɣɬɟɳɟɩɫɟɥɚɩɨɤɚɤɴɜɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨɧɚɱɢɧɇɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɤɚɤɜɢɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨɚɞɚɩɬɟɪɧɢɳɟɩɫɟɥɢɡɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɫɴɫɡɚɳɢɬɧɨ
ƒ Ȼɴɞɟɬɟɧɚɳɪɟɤɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɩɨɜɢɲɟɧɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɴɩɜɚɣɬɟ ɨɛɦɢɫɥɟɧɨ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ
ɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟ ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɇɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɫɬɟ
ɭɦɨɪɟɧɢ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɞ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɪɤɨɬɢɰɢ
ɚɥɤɨɯɨɥɢɥɢɦɟɞɢɤɚɦɟɧɬɢɆɨɦɟɧɬɧɨɧɟɜ-
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟ ɜɫɢɱɤɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɇɟɫɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɢɡɛɪɨɟɧɢɬɟ ɩɨɞɨɥɭ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɨɬ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɨɤɩɨɠɚɪɢɢɥɢɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚɬɪɭɞɨɜɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ɋɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɣɬɟɬɟɡɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɊȺȻɈɌɇɈɆəɋɌɈ
BG
BUR 131E
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Ⱦɚ
Ⱦɚ
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PP
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II
G%$
G%$
PVð
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ɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚ ɬɪɭɞɨɜɚ
ɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɧɢɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢ ɨɱɢɥɚ ɂɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɧɢɬɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɩɪɚɯɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɚɦɚɫɤɚɧɟɩɥɴɡɝɚɳɢɫɟɨɛɭɜɤɢɡɚɳɢɬɟɧɲɥɟɦɢɥɢɚɧɬɢɮɨɧɢɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɢɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɢɬɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɬ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɨɬ ɬɪɭɞɨɜɢ
ɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ ɂɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟ ɧɟɜɨɥɧɨ ɩɭɫɤɚɧɟ ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɱɟ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ ɟ ɜ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɩɪɢɫɴɟɞɢɧɢɬɟ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɤɴɦ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚ
ɦɪɟɠɚ ɇɨɫɟɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɫ ɩɪɴɫɬ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ ɢɥɢ ɫɜɴɪɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɤɴɦ ɦɪɟɠɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɫ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱ ɜɴɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɟ
ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɡɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ Ɉɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɬɟ ɤɥɸɱɨɜɟɬɟ ɡɚ ɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟ
ɢɥɢ ɝɚɟɱɧɢɬɟ ɤɥɸɱɨɜɟ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɜɤɥɸɱɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ Ʉɥɸɱ ɧɚɦɢɪɚɳ ɫɟ ɜ ɞɨɫɟɝ ɫ ɜɴɪɬɹɳɚ ɱɚɫɬ ɧɚ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ
ɬɪɭɞɨɜɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ƒ ɇɟɫɟɩɪɟɫɹɝɚɣɬɟɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚ
ɫɬɨɣɤɚ ɢ ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟ ɩɪɟɡ ɰɹɥɨɬɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ
Ɍɨɜɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚ ɩɨɞɨɛɪɨ ɜɥɚɞɟɟɧɟ ɧɚ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɪɢ ɧɟɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɢ
ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɨɪɚɛɨɬɧɨɨɛɥɟɤɥɨ
ɇɟɧɨɫɟɬɟɲɢɪɨɤɢɞɪɟɯɢɢɥɢɛɢɠɭɬɚɉɚɡɟɬɟɤɨɫɢɬɟɞɪɟɯɢɬɟɢɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢɬɟɫɢɞɚɥɟɱ
ɨɬɞɜɢɠɟɳɢɫɟɱɚɫɬɢɒɢɪɨɤɢɬɟɞɪɟɯɢɛɢɠɭɬɚɬɚɢɥɢɞɴɥɝɢɬɟɤɨɫɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɡɚɯɜɚɧɚɬɨɬɞɜɢɠɟɳɢɫɟɱɚɫɬɢ
ƒ Ⱥɤɨ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ ɟ ɫɧɚɛɞɟɧ ɫ
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɹɡɚɢɡɫɦɭɤɜɚɧɟɢɫɴɛɢɪɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɩɪɚɯ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɟɬɟ ɬɹɯɧɨɬɨ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ
ɫɜɴɪɡɜɚɧɟɢɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚ
ɬɟɡɢɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɹɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɫɜɴɪɡɚɧɢɬɟɫɩɪɚɯɪɢɫɤɨɜɟ
ȿɄɋɉɅɈȺɌȺɐɂəɂȽɊɂɀɂɁȺ
ȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌɂɌȿ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɪɟɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɂɡɛɟɪɟɬɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɡɚɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɢɡɛɪɚɧɢɹɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɪɚɛɨɬɢ ɩɨɞɨɛɪɟ ɢ
ɩɨɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɜɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɚɧɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɬɚ
ɡɚɤɨɹɬɨɟɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɚɧ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɚɤɨ
ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ ɦɭ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɜɚ
ɜɴɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ ɢ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɤɨɣɬɨ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
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ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ɛɴɞɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɧ ɫ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ ɫɢ ɟ ɨɩɚɫɟɧɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɟɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɧ
ɂɡɜɚɞɟɬɟɳɟɩɫɟɥɚɨɬɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚɦɪɟɠɚɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬɟɤɚɤɜɢɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨ
ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɡɚɦɹɧɚ ɧɚ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ
ɢɥɢ ɫɴɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
Ɍɚɡɢ ɩɪɟɜɚɧɬɢɜɧɚ ɦɹɪɤɚ ɡɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɨɬ ɧɟɜɨɥɧɨ ɩɭɫɤɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɧɟɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ
ɫɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɝɢ ɧɚ ɦɹɫɬɨ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɴɩɧɨ
ɡɚ ɞɟɰɚ ɢ ɧɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɧɚ ɥɢɰɚ ɤɨɢɬɨ ɧɟ ɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɢɥɢ ɬɟɡɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɞɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɹɬ ɫ ɧɟɝɨ
ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɫɚɨɩɚɫɧɢɜɪɴɰɟɬɟ
ɧɚɧɟɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɢ
ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɉɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟɞɚɥɢɞɜɢɠɟɳɢɬɟɫɟɱɚɫɬɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɚɬɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɢɫɟɞɜɢɠɚɬɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ
ɰɟɥɨɫɬɬɚɢɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɱɚɫɬɢɬɟɤɚɤɬɨ
ɢ ɡɚ ɜɫɹɤɚɤɜɨ ɞɪɭɝɨ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɟɬɨ
ɦɨɠɟ ɧɟɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɨ ɞɚ ɩɨɜɥɢɹɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ Ⱥɤɨ ɟ
ɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚɛɴɞɟɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɧɩɪɟɞɢɩɨɧɚɬɚɬɴɲɧɚ
ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɅɨɲɚɬɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɟɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɡɚ
ɝɨɥɹɦɛɪɨɣɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɠɟɳɢɬɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ
ɨɫɬɪɢ ɢ ɱɢɫɬɢ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ ɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɧɢɬɟ
ɪɟɠɟɳɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɫɨɫɬɪɢɪɟɠɟɳɢɪɴɛɨɜɟ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɨ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɚɬ ɢ ɫɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɬ
ɩɨɥɟɫɧɨ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɬɟ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɬɟ ɦɭ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ ɜ ɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɡɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɢɩɨɧɚɱɢɧɚɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɡɚɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɢɹɬɢɩ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɤɚɬɨɜɡɟɦɚɬɟɩɪɟɞɜɢɞ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɬɚɧɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɢɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚɧɚ
ɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɚɬɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɡɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɚ
ɨɬɬɚɡɢɡɚɤɨɹɬɨɟɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɨɩɚɫɧɚɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹ
ɋȿɊȼɂɁɇɈɈȻɋɅɍɀȼȺɇȿ
ƒ Ɋɟɦɨɧɬɴɬ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚ ɨɬ ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɚɧɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɤɚɬɨɫɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬ
ɫɚɦɨɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɢɱɚɫɬɢɉɨɬɨɡɢ
ɧɚɱɢɧɫɟɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
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ȝȞȎȐȖșȎȕȎ
ȏȓȕȜȝȎȟțȜȟȠȝȞȖ
ȞȎȏȜȠȎȟȡȒȎȞțȖ
ȏȜȞȚȎȦȖțȖ
Ɉɬɞɟɥɹɳɢɬɟ ɫɟ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɬɪɭɠɤɢ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɥɨɦɤɢ ɢ ɞɨɤɨɫɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɜɴɪɬɹɳɢɫɟɧɟɝɨɜɢɱɚɫɬɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɬ ɬɟɠɤɢ ɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɬɪɚɜɦɢ ɚ ɲɭɦɴɬɩɪɢɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ±ɫɥɭɯɨɜɢɭɜɪɟɠɞɚɧɢɹɚɤɨɧɟɫɟɫɩɚɡɜɚɬɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɬɟɡɚ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɞɨɥɭɢɡɛɪɨɟɧɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ
ƒ ɉɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ɡɚɡɚɳɢɬɚɧɚɡɪɟɧɢɟɬɨɡɚɞɚɫɟɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɢɬɟ ɨɬ ɯɜɴɪɱɚɳɢ ɱɚɫɬɢɰɢ ɇɨɫɟɬɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɢ
ɨɱɢɥɚ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɡɚɡɚɳɢɬɚɧɚɫɥɭɯɚ
ɩɪɢɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ƒ ɉɪɢɜɴɪɡɜɚɣɬɟɞɴɥɝɢɬɟɤɨɫɢɨɬɡɚɞɢɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ ɜɢɫɹɳɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɨ ɨɛɥɟɤɥɨ
ƒ Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɢɹ ɤɚɛɟɥ ɢɡɜɴɧ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɹɨɛɫɟɝɧɚɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɜɢɧɚɝɢ ɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ ɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ
ƒ Ɍɴɪɫɟɬɟ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɫɢɝɭɪɧɨ ɢ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɧɚɬɹɥɨɬɨɫɢ
ƒ Ɏɢɤɫɢɪɚɣɬɟɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɜɚɧɢɹɞɟɬɚɣɥɜɦɟɧɝɟɦɟɢɥɢɩɨɞɪɭɝɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɧɚɱɢɧ
ƒ ɋɥɟɞɟɬɟ ɢɧɟɪɰɢɨɧɧɢɹ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɩɪɢ ɩɭɫɤɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɡɚɫɹɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɫɜɪɟɞɥɨɬɨ
ƒ ɂɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟ ɳɟɩɫɟɥɚ ɨɬ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚ
ɦɪɟɠɚɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬɟɤɚɤɜɢɬɨɢɞɚ
ɛɢɥɨɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɥɢɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɢ
ɩɪɢ ɨɬɩɚɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɨɬɨ ɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
ƒ ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ ɡɚ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɜ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɡɨɧɢ ɫ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɚ
ɩɨɠɚɪɧɚɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɫɴɝɥɚɫɧɨ³ɇɚɪɟɞɛɚʋ
³ɉɪɨɬɢɜɨɩɨɠɚɪɧɢ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɧɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɧɨɪɦɢ´ ɇɟ ɫɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɦɭ
ɜɴɜɜɡɪɢɜɨɨɩɚɫɧɚɢɩɨɠɚɪɨɨɩɚɫɧɚɫɪɟɞɚ
ɩɪɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɧɚ ɨɤɨɥɧɢɹ ɜɴɡɞɭɯ ɧɚɞ
ƒɋɜɨɫɨɛɟɧɨɜɥɚɠɧɚɫɪɟɞɚɩɪɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟɧɚɜɚɥɟɠɢɢɜɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɚɤɬɢɜɧɚɫɪɟɞɚ Ɋɚɛɨɬɧɨɬɨ ɦɹɫɬɨ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɟ ɞɨɛɪɟ
ɨɫɜɟɬɟɧɨ
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9ǵȎȝȜȕțȎȐȎțȓȟ
ȓșȓȘȠȞȜȖțȟȠȞȡȚȓțȠȎ
Ɉɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚɳɜɢɧɬ
Ȼɴɪɡɨɫɬɹɝɚɳɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤ
Ɇɹɫɬɨɡɚɮɢɤɫɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɜɪɟɬɟɧɨɬɨ
ɒɢɣɤɚɧɚɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɜɚɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɬɟɪɟɠɢɦɢ
ȼɟɧɬɢɥɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɨɬɜɨɪɢ
Ɉɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɧɚɥɢɧɢɹ
Ⱦɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ
Ʌɨɫɬɡɚɫɦɹɧɚɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ
ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɟɧɪɟɝɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɚɨɛɨɪɨɬɢɬɟ
ɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱ
Ȼɭɬɨɧɡɚɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ
9,ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȕȎȞȎȏȜȠȎ
Ɍɨɡɢ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɫɟ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚ ɫɚɦɨ ɫ
ɟɞɧɨɮɚɡɧɨ ɩɪɨɦɟɧɥɢɜɨ ɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ Ɇɨɠɟ
ɞɚɫɟɩɪɢɫɴɟɞɢɧɹɜɚɤɴɦɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɢɛɟɡɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɤɥɟɦɢɬɴɣɤɚɬɨɟɫɞɜɨɣɧɚɢɡɨɥɚɰɢɹɫɴɝɥɚɫɧɨ(1ɢ,(&Ɋɚɞɢɨɫɦɭɳɟɧɢɹɬɚɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɚɬɧɚ(1(1
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Ɍɨɡɢ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ
ɡɚ ɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɨɬɜɨɪɢ ɜ ɫɬɨɦɚɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨ
ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɚ ɢ ɞɪ ɉɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɢɹɬ ɭɞɚɪɧɨ
ɜɴɪɬɟɥɢɜ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚ ɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɨɬɜɨɪɢɜɛɟɬɨɧɤɚɦɴɤɡɢɞɚɪɢɹɢɞɪɭɝɢɤɪɟɯɤɢ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢ
ɉɊȿȾɂȾȺɁȺɉɈɑɇȿɌȿɊȺȻɈɌȺ
ƒ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟ ɞɚɥɢ ɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɬɚ ɦɪɟɠɚ ɨɬɝɨɜɚɪɹ ɧɚ ɬɨɜɚ ɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɨɜɴɪɯɭɬɚɛɟɥɤɚɬɚɫɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɞɚɧɧɢ
ɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ƒ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟ ɜ ɤɚɤɜɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɫɟ ɧɚɦɢɪɚ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɢɫɴɟɞɢɧɹɜɚ ɢ ɨɬɞɟɥɹ ɨɬ
ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚ ɦɪɟɠɚ ɫɚɦɨ ɩɪɢ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧ
ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱȺɤɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɳɟɩɫɟɥɚɜɤɨɧɬɚɤɬ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ ɟ ɜɴɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬɜɟɞɧɚɝɚ
ɳɟɫɟɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɤɨɟɬɨɟɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɡɚ
ɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ƒ ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɜ ɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɢɹ ɤɚɛɟɥ ɢ ɳɟɩɫɟɥ Ⱥɤɨ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɢɹɬ
ɤɚɛɟɥɟɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɡɚɦɹɧɚɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟ
ɢɡɜɴɪɲɢ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ ɢɥɢ ɨɬ ɧɟɝɨɜ
ɫɟɪɜɢɡɟɧ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɛɟɝɧɚɬ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɨɬɡɚɦɹɧɚɬɚ
ƒ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟ ɞɚɥɢ ɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ ɪɴɤɨɯ-
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ɜɚɬɤɚ ɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɚ ɢ ɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨ
ɡɚɬɟɝɧɚɬɚ
ɉɈɋɌȺȼəɇȿɂɋȼȺɅəɇȿɇȺɋȼɊȿȾɅɈ
ɂɇȺɄɊȺɃɇɂɄ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɂɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɢɢɡɜɚɠɞɚɣɬɟɳɟɩɫɟɥɚɨɬɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚɩɪɟɞɢɜɫɹɤɚɤɜɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɩɨɧɟɝɨ
Ɂɚɞɴɪɠɚɫɟɡɚɞɧɚɬɚɤɨɪɨɧɚɧɚɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɚɢ
ɫɟɡɚɜɴɪɬɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚɤɨɪɨɧɚɞɨɤɚɬɨɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɴɬɫɟɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨɡɚɞɚɫɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɢ
ɫɜɪɟɞɥɨɬɨɢɥɢɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚɋɥɟɞɬɨɜɚɫɟɡɚɬɹɝɚɫɪɴɤɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚɤɨɪɨɧɚ
ɉɍɋɄȺɇȿɋɉɂɊȺɇȿ
Ʉɪɚɬɤɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɧɟ
ƒ ɉɭɫɤɚɧɟɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɫɟɧɚɬɢɫɤɚ
ƒ ɋɩɢɪɚɧɟɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɫɟɨɬɩɭɫɤɚ
ɉɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ƒ ɉɭɫɤɚɧɟɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɫɟɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɢɜɧɚɬɢɫɧɚɬɨɫɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɫɟɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɹɜɚɫɛɭɬɨɧ
ƒ ɋɩɢɪɚɧɟɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɫɟɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɟɞɧɨɤɪɚɬɧɨɢɫɟɨɬɩɭɫɤɚɜɟɞɧɚɝɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟ
ɳɟɩɫɟɥɚ ɜ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚ ɜɢɧɚɝɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟ
ɞɚɥɢɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚ
ɢɫɥɟɞɨɬɩɭɫɤɚɧɟɞɚɫɟɜɪɴɳɚɜɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ȻȿɁɋɌȿɉȿɇɇɈȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɇɇɈ
ɊȿȽɍɅɂɊȺɇȿɇȺɈȻɈɊɈɌɂɌȿ
Ʌɟɤɨ ɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɜɚɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɧɟɧɚɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɧɚɧɢɫɤɢ
ɨɛɨɪɨɬɢɤɨɢɬɨɩɥɚɜɧɨɫɟɭɜɟɥɢɱɚɜɚɬɞɨɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɧɢɫɭɜɟɥɢɱɚɜɚɧɟɧɚɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɜɴɪɯɭɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɞɨɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɧɟɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ɂɁȻɈɊɇȺɈȻɈɊɈɌɂɌȿ
ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɢɬɟ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɢ ɫɟ ɢɡɛɢɪɚɬ ɱɪɟɡ ɡɚɜɴɪɬɚɧɟɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɢɹɪɟɝɭɥɚɬɨɪɩɨɩɨɫɨɤɚɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɢɥɢɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ
ɋɆəɇȺɉɈɋɈɄȺɌȺɇȺȼɔɊɌȿɇȿ
Ʉɪɚɣɧɨ ɞɹɫɧɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɜɚ ɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ ɜ ɩɨɫɨɤɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɚ ɧɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɚɤɪɚɣɧɨɥɹɜɨ±ɜɩɨɫɨɤɚɧɚ
ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
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ɉɪɢ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɧɚ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ ɥɨɫɬɴɬ ɧɟ
ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɛɴɞɟ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɧ ɋɦɹɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟɞɚɫɬɚɜɚɫɚɦɨɜɩɨɤɨɣɧɚ
ɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɊȿȼɄɅɘɑȼȺɇȿɇȺ
ɊȺȻɈɌɇɂɌȿɊȿɀɂɆɂ
ɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɬɜɨɪɢɜɦɟɬɚɥɞɴɪɜɨɢɞɪ
ɉɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɜɚɬɟɥɹɬɟɜɤɪɚɣɧɨɞɹɫɧɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɢɫɟɜɢɠɞɚɫɢɦɜɨɥɴɬÄɫɜɪɟɞɥɨ³
ɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɬɜɨɪɢɜɛɟɬɨɧɤɚɦɴɤɢɞɪ
ɉɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɜɚɬɟɥɹɬɟɜɤɪɚɣɧɨɥɹɜɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɢɫɟɜɢɠɞɚɫɢɦɜɨɥɴɬÄɱɭɤ³
ɈɌȼɂȼȺɇȿɂɁȺȼɂȼȺɇȿɇȺȻɈɅɌɈȼȿ
ȼɂɇɌɈȼȿɂȽȺɃɄɂ
ȼ ɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɚ ɫɟ ɦɨɧɬɢɪɚ ɩɨ ɝɨɪɟɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ
ɧɚɱɢɧɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɧɨɬɨɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟɡɚɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɟɢɥɢɨɬɜɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɛɨɥɬɨɜɟɝɚɣɤɢɢɥɢɜɢɧɬɨɜɟ
ɉɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɜɚɬɟɥɹɬ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɬɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɢ ɫɟ
ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɜɤɪɚɣɧɨɞɹɫɧɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɬɚɤɚɱɟɢɡɰɹɥɨɞɚɫɟɜɢɠɞɚɫɢɦɜɨɥɴɬÄɫɜɪɟɞɥɨ³ɋɥɨɫɬɚ
ɡɚɫɦɹɧɚɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟɫɟɢɡɛɢɪɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹɬɚɨɬɜɢɜɚɧɟɢɥɢɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɟɈɩɟɪɚɰɢɢɬɟɞɚ
ɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬɫɚɦɨɩɪɢɧɢɫɤɢɨɛɨɪɨɬɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɢ ɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɥɝɢ
ɛɨɥɬɨɜɟ ɢ ɜɢɧɬɨɜɟ ɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ ɨɬ
ɢɡɩɥɴɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ȾɈɉɔɅɇɂɌȿɅɇȺɊɔɄɈɏȼȺɌɄȺ
Ⱦɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ ɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ ɫɟ ɡɚɬɹɝɚ ɧɚ
ɲɢɣɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɛɨɪɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɉɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɧɚɥɢɧɢɹɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɮɢɤɫɢɪɚɞɴɥɛɨɱɢɧɚɬɚɧɚɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɢɬɟɨɬɜɨɪɢ
ȾȿɆɈɇɌɂɊȺɇȿɇȺɉȺɌɊɈɇɇɂɄȺ
Ɂɚɞɴɪɠɚɫɟɡɚɞɧɚɬɚɤɨɪɨɧɚɧɚɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɚɢɫɟ
ɡɚɜɴɪɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚ ɤɨɪɨɧɚ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɴɬ
ɫɟɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢɞɨɤɪɚɣ
ɋɩɨɦɨɳɬɚɧɚɨɬɜɟɪɬɤɚɫɟɨɬɜɢɜɚɨɫɢɝɭɪɢɬɟɥɧɢɹɬɜɢɧɬɫɥɹɜɚɪɟɡɛɚȼɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɚɫɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɹ
ɲɟɫɬɨɫɬɟɧɟɧɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɢɥɢɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟɬɨ
ɡɚɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɢɧɬɨɜɟɢɫɟɡɚɬɹɝɚɆɹɫɬɨɬɨɡɚ
ɮɢɤɫɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɜɪɟɬɟɧɨɬɨɫɟɡɚɯɜɚɳɚɫɝɚɟɱɟɧ
ɤɥɸɱɢɩɚɬɪɨɧɧɢɤɴɬɫɟɜɴɪɬɢɜɩɨɫɨɤɚɨɛɪɚɬɧɚ
ɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɱɪɟɡɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɢɹɤɪɚɣ
ɧɚɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚ
ɉɊȿɉɈɊɔɄɂɉɊɂɊȺȻɈɌȺɋ
ȻɈɊɆȺɒɂɇȺɌȺ
ɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɣɬɟɭɦɟɪɟɧɧɚɬɢɫɤɩɪɢɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟɜɛɟɬɨɧɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɧɨ±1Ƚɨɥɟɦɢɹɬɧɚɬɢɫɤ
ɧɟɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɬɚɩɪɢɩɪɨɛɢɜɚ-
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ɧɟɢɜɨɞɢɞɨɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟɠɢɜɨɬɚɧɚɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɪɨɛɢɜɚɣɬɟɫɨɛɨɪɨɬɢɩɨɧɢɫɤɢɨɬɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɧɢɬɟ ɤɚɬɨ ɩɨɞɛɢɪɚɬɟ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɢɬɟ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬ ɨɬ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ
ɬɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɬɫɧɚɜɥɚɠɧɟɧɚɤɴɪɩɚɢ
ɫɥɚɛɩɪɟɩɚɪɚɬɡɚɦɢɟɧɟ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɜɪɟɞɥɚɫɬɜɴɪɞɨɫɩɥɚɜɧɢɩɥɚɫɬɢɧɢɢɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɢɱɧɚɨɩɚɲɤɚɈɬɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɜɪɟɦɟ
ɢɡɜɚɠɞɚɣɬɟɫɜɪɟɞɥɨɬɨɨɬɨɬɜɨɪɚɡɚɞɚɫɟɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɢɩɪɚɯɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ȼɴɩɪɟɤɢ ɱɟ ɜɴɧɲɧɢɬɟ
ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɨɜɢ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɫɚ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɢ ɤɴɦ ɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɢɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɚɧɚɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɢɧɟɫɟ
ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
Ⱦɚɫɟɫɥɟɞɢɫɬɟɩɟɧɬɚɧɚɡɚɬɴɩɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɫɜɪɟɞɥɨɬɨɢɞɚɫɟɫɦɟɧɹɤɨɝɚɬɨɫɟɡɚɛɟɥɟɠɢɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɧɨɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɬɚ
ɉɪɢɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɬɜɨɪɫɝɨɥɹɦɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪɜɦɟɬɚɥɞɴɪɜɨɢɥɢɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɚɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɛɢɣɬɟɨɬɜɨɪɫɩɨɦɚɥɤɨɫɜɪɟɞɥɨ
Ɉɩɬɢɦɚɥɧɢɹɬ ɨɛɯɜɚɬ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɛɢɜɚɧɟ ɜ ɛɟɬɨɧ ɟ
ɞɨPPɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɢɹɬɨɛɯɜɚɬɟɞɨPP
ɉɊɂɇȺȾɅȿɀɇɈɋɌɂɄɈɂɌɈɆɈȽȺɌ
ȾȺȻɔȾȺɌɂɁɉɈɅɁȼȺɇɂɋɌɈɁɂ
ȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌ
ƒ ɋɜɪɟɞɥɚ ɡɚ ɦɟɬɚɥ ɫ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪ ɨɬ ‘ ɞɨ
‘PP
ƒ ɋɜɪɟɞɥɚ ɡɚ ɞɴɪɜɨ ɫ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪ ɨɬ ‘ ɞɨ
‘PP
ƒ ɋɜɪɟɞɥɚ ɡɚ ɛɟɬɨɧ ɫ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪ ɨɬ ‘ ɞɨ
‘PP
ƒ ɇɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɰɢ ɫ ɩɪɢɫɴɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥɟɧ ɲɟɫɬɨɫɬɟɧ
PP´ɡɚɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɢɧɬɨɜɟ
9,,ǽȜȒȒȞȨȔȘȎ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɣɬɟ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢ ɢɡɜɚɠɞɚɣɬɟ ɳɟɩɫɟɥɚɨɬɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚɩɪɟɞɢɜɫɹɤɚɤɜɚɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɢɥɢ
ɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ
ȼȺɀɇɈɁɚɞɚɫɟɨɫɢɝɭɪɢɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢ ɧɟɝɨɜɚɬɚ ɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɫɬ
ɜɫɢɱɤɢ ɞɟɣɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ ɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɬɚ ɢ
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɬɚ ɢ ɩɨɞɦɹɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɱɟɬɤɢɬɟ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬ ɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɢɬɟɫɟɪɜɢɡɢɧɚ63$5.<ɫɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɫɚɦɨɧɚɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɢɱɚɫɬɢ
9,,,DZȎȞȎțȤȖȭ
Ƚɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɢɹɬɫɪɨɤɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ
63$5.<ɫɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɜɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɚɤɚɪɬɚ
ɇɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢ ɫɟ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɨ ɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟ ɩɪɟɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟ ɢɥɢ
ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚ ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ ɫɟ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɬ ɨɬ
ɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɡɚɞɴɥɠɟɧɢɹ
ɇɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢ ɫɟ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚ
ɜɥɚɝɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢ ɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɢ ɝɪɟɲɤɢ ɫɟ ɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɬ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɡɚɩɥɚɳɚɧɟ ɱɪɟɡ ɡɚɦɹɧɚ ɢɥɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬ
Ɋɟɤɥɚɦɚɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɢɪɚɥ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭ
ɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɫɟɩɪɢɡɧɚɜɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɫɟɜɴɪɧɟɧɚɞɨɫɬɚɜɱɢɤɚɢɥɢɫɟɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɧɚ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧ ɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɟɧ ɫɟɪɜɢɡ ɜ ɧɟɪɚɡɝɥɨɛɟɧɨɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɫɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ɉɈȾɆəɇȺɇȺɑȿɌɄɂɌȿ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɱɟɬɤɢɬɟɫɟɢɡɧɨɫɹɬɞɜɟɬɟɱɟɬɤɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚ
ɫɟɩɨɞɦɟɧɹɬɟɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɫɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢɱɟɬɤɢ
ɜɫɟɪɜɢɡɧɚ63$5.<ɡɚɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɚɢɢɡɜɴɧɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ
ǵȎȏȓșȓȔȘȖ
ɉɈɑɂɋɌȼȺɇȿ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɰɹɥɚɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚ
ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟ ɬɨɜɚ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɟ
Ɂɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɜɢɧɚɝɢɱɢɫɬɢ
ɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɨɬɜɨɪɢ
ɉɪɢɜɴɪɬɹɳɫɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɩɪɨɞɭɯɚɣɬɟɡɚɦɴɪɫɹɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɢɩɪɚɯɚɨɬɜɫɢɱɤɢɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɨɬɜɨɪɢɫɴɫɫɭɯɫɝɴɫɬɟɧɜɴɡɞɭɯɩɨɧɟɜɟɞɧɴɠ
ɫɟɞɦɢɱɧɨ ɉɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɬɚɡɢ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹ ɧɨɫɟɬɟ
ɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢ ɨɱɢɥɚ ȼɴɧɲɧɢɬɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɨɜɢ ɱɚɫ-
BG
34
SDJHV%85(LQGG
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹɬ ɫɢ ɡɚɩɚɡɜɚ ɩɪɚɜɨɬɨ ɞɚ ɜɴɜɟɠɞɚɩɨɞɨɛɪɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɦɟɧɢɜɫɜɨɢɬɟɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ ɢ ɞɚ ɩɪɨɦɟɧɹ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɟ ɛɟɡ ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɋɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɟ ɦɨɝɚɬ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɚɜɚɬ ɡɚ
ɨɬɞɟɥɧɢɬɟɫɬɪɚɧɢ
BUR 131E
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5
pages-BUR 131E.indd 35
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5
pages-BUR 131E.indd 36
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